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amein

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amein or dil.ie/3125
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ameind, amin, ammin, amnin, amne, am(e)in(n), imne, aidche

adv also ameind, amin, ammin, amnin, amne, etc. Stressed on second syll., see GOI p. 30 . No rhyming ex. with the form am(e)in(n). imne: aidche, SR 6179 ; amné has long final vowel Ériu liii 138-39: sē: am-nē, Ir. Gosp. Thom. 94 § 18 . imnē: dē, Ériu ii 56 § 14 . amné, SR 5801, 6207 , TE 158.5 , 176.17 . ( am + sin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 188 . See also Pokorny, ZCP xix 176 and Thurn.'s remarks, GOI p. 570 . Vendr. Lex.).

(a) thus, in that way, in accordance with what has already been said: darigni amin `made it thus', Sg. 31b22 . ? masu ed amin, 192b7 . cia beimmi amin nach ré, Thes. ii 294.1 . forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso amin, IT i 141.27 . co rochindsead úada amne, Ériu iv 156.3 . bid ammin co cend mbliadna, Ériu viii 156.10 . cid amein biaid comét huaim-se and though it be so (= even so), Trip.² 1363 . ? bad fert Scéne ba amne so will it be (.i. conice so), LL 1543 . Cf. fa amne it was thus, Ériu iv 178.20 . co ro loitedh an tír eatorra imáseach amne, AFM iii 284.22 . a dál fu diud / bith amin ní líach, Trip.² 2477 .

Brought forward with copula in emphatic construction: hóre is amne atáa gl. síc et uos, Wb. 12d7 . is amne atáa gl. ideo enim et tributa praestatis, 6a19 . [mass]u amnin ataam, 13c12 . hóre is amne dognither, 9c14 . is amne asruluús airi gl. sic effugi, 17d16 . mad amne (madmne, MS) labrar, 12c36 . is ámin tra as cert in testimin so, Ml. 62c7 . is amne as coir a lathar gl. sic uult accipi (i.e. in this particular sense), 114a9 . ol is amein attáa, Wb. 32a6 . conadh amhein ba forlann somh ┐ ua N. daén aonta in that way, AFM v 1766.18 . Hence ol is a.¤ since it is so, therefore , Wb. 6c8 , 13a13 (`for it is thus').

With follg. explanatory phrase (late use, cf. 1 amlaid): is amne fuaratar Becan ic figi chasil, LL 358 marg. l. 26 . bá imne tangattar lá borrfadh bríghe, AFM v 1766.z . E. . . . as amne fuair aoidhedh, bheith i mbraighdenus, etc., 1576.23 . as amne battar side fora chionn ina ccodailtighibh gan ḟaitces . . ., 1852.17 . With ocus and phrase: bá imne baoí an caislén hisin ┐ lethanchlais . . . ina uirthimcheall, vi 1896.6 .

Apparently reinforcing adverbs of direction and place: L. . . . fil os adart na himda thall amne oc urgartigud a aiti yonder there, LU 3462 ( SCC 24 ). ced leth atá Emain ? Fathúaid amne to the north there, 4865 (TBC). airm itaat Partraigi . . . ra C. na ríg aniardess amne, TBC-LL¹ 624 . ataat da port mathi frind aness amne, LL 271a5 . Etain indiu sund amne, LU 10670 ( Ériu xii 158 § 23 ). a ḟir ucut án amne, LL 275a11 .

(b) Less explicitly so, accordingly, then (often as mere expletive): cen comrac dó fri mna imne (:aidchi), SR 6179 . maccáem tuchtach amne co ngaisciud do íd . . . atotchomnaic all you are is, etc., LU 5657 . regmai ámin, TBFr. 415 . dobér indass fair . . . amim (sic) at all events(?), LU 4866 = amne, TBC-LL¹ 885 . cingsiu amend dia congno well then, step, etc. LU 5182 (TBC). m'aenurān im'airiclān, m'aenurān imne `all alone thus', Ériu ii 56 § 14 . na secht tinne se amne .i. na se tinni argait ité sé lathe . . ., LL 281b21 . oc na cliathaib sin amne / i n-athaib Elga áine, 20636 . cia cocert robói etroib-si arraír ? Ised so amne ro imraidsem cia cumachta is moo . . . well, this is what we discussed, 282b12 . ullmhaigit na hapstail amne dia lāmhoip badhdēin croch `accordingly', Fl. Earls 112.16 .

Hence as interjection introducing a sentence: amein, ol in gillæ, oc saigid dit acallma Senchāin, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 93 ). amein a Cu Ch. . . . dochóid do gal ┐ do gaisced, LU 8878 ( FB 67 ). amain, or Eochaid, nīcon fil for menmain damsa sin uile, Ériu viii 156.22 . In combination with other particles: amen chena, ni mar gach ní etc., MR 262.24 . maith amin well then, TBC-LL¹ 1837 . maith ameind, IT iii 201 § 68 . amein ane fota cotanac, LL 278b14 . In greeting or question and answer: dotháet Cuillius co Ailill. ameind or Ailill. amne dano or Cuillius undar dait sund comartha, LU 5407 = ameind . . . amne dino, TBC-I¹ 929 . amin . . . amné eim, Ériu xii 176.17 (TE2). maith sin a chlerech arse. amin ar Moling, LL 284a50 . cinnas, ar seseom, do M. ? amein, or in macclērech, KMMisc. 210.10 . tusa dono can asa tanagais ? as in t-shliab amne, Ériu viii 24.9 .

In chevilles: co fargaib and ed imne / secht fichit londláth gaile, TFerbe 881 . seol amne, BB 54b5 . fath amne, CRR 5 .

andess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andess or dil.ie/3491
Last Revised: 2013

 

(dess). Cf. aneasan, Bard. Synt. Tr. 215.6 . Adv. of place stressed on the second syll.

(a) from the right: occá sirḟegad imme anair ┐ aníar anes ┐ atúaid, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). frim andess gl. dessom `to the right of me', Thes. ii 350.32 .

(b) from the south: duimchella son in cathraig andes ┐ aníar ┐ antuaid, Ml. 67d8 . a.¤ in gel gle, amra (of the south wind), SR 70 , cf. Laws i 26.33 Comm. roerig in gaeth andeas, TTebe 278 . do lluid a-mmaidm a.¤ for Beluch S., Sc.M² 20 . co n-acus . . . a n-indread . . . andeas, BDD² 238 . táncatar rompa anes, Acall. 1008 . With the idea of motion much reduced, in the south: indalanái antúaid alaile a.¤ gl. nam duae arcti sunt, Sg. 67b22 . conidfarcaib la German / andes i ndeisciurt Letha, Thes. ii 311.2 (Hy. ii). huarda a.¤ is uarda atuaid (the frigid zones), SR 157 , cf. Laws i 28.22 Comm. i tāib na ratha a leath aneas, ZCP i 104.32 . mac rig na ṅDeissi a.¤ hé, Acall. 2606 . (cryptic) aninches .i. andes, Goid. 78 § 191 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

With fri south of: fri muir galile andess, ZCP xxi 288 § 42 . riund andes atá in slúag, MU² 303 . gia mag . . . in cúlach ruind aness , TBC-LL¹ 1215 . a.¤ do on the south of: amal rundgab sliab sion andes ┐ antuaid dun chathraig, Ml. 67d14 . cusin tráigh . . . leth an[d]es d'Ḟ., Acall. 837 . With prec. di: sliab sión diandes on the south, Ml. 67a2 (cf. díanechtair).

Danoe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Danoe or dil.ie/14617

 

pn the river Tanais : Eóraip. muir ina timchell atuaid aniar aniardess aness anair ┐ sruth Danoe anairthuaid LL 136 a 29 = Rawl. 78 b 17 (sruth Danai). atuaid anair is aness atá in muir imma mórchness. nosdedland sruth Danai aniar muir Méoit ┐ muir Torrian, LL 135 a 43 (description of Asia).

dess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dess or dil.ie/15783
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: deas, dessum, tes

adj o, ā.

(a) right (as opposed to left), dexter: deas (gl. dexter), Ir. Gl. 386 . for láim deis, BCr. 19c2 . alleth o laim deiss gl. dexteram eius partem, Sg. 17b2 . i noxil in tuib deiss of the right side, Thes. ii 254 . co súilib dessaib (: chennaib), SR 3671 . inna ndornaibh dessaib, Ériu ii 130 . a lámh dhes is a chos chlé, Acall. 1539 . in fath . . . ara n-abar cle seach deas, Lec. 533a31 . smitt a cluaisi dessi, PH 3115 . ocht cét lām ṅd.¤ do imdibe, LL 123a54 . na láma desa, Reg. San. Col. xxi . beannacht na láimhe deise, TSh. 272 . Hence as subst. ā, f. right hand, right-hand side (lám being understood): tria deis, Tur. 142 . for Dé deis, SR 1497 . Hib. Min. 10.323 . bith dia deis hi flaith nime, Trip.² 284 . réidig romainn . . . for do deis, Metr. Dinds. iii. 40 . ? ar des rig is ruirech, TBC-I¹ 2269 . suidhimse ar deis dreagain T., TD 11.101 . manais . . . ina deis, TBC-I¹ 3305 . a chlé fri muir n-Icht, a d.¤ fri bruig mbuan-B., Metr. Dinds. iii 190 . deis fri Banba, bél fri Bóin, Ériu iv 92 . a d.¤ fo-thuaid fri fuined His right northward towards the sunset (Christ on the Cross), PH 3321 . ná findad do chlé a ndingne do deis (leg. dess), 6081 . cor duinndeise fad ghruaidh a blow on thy cheek from the right hand (?), TD 3.41 . Combined with 1 s. pr. aff. dessum on my right, to right of me: Crist dessum, Crist tuathum, Thes. ii 357 (Hy. vii). Dia tuathum . . . Dia dessom, Hy. vi 2 .

(b) south (the s. being on the right to a person facing east). As prep. south of. In Mid. Ir. usually tes on the analogy of tuaid, tuath: i nDruim rig tes Taltin tréin, RC xxiii 312 . des Almain south of A., RC xxiv 54 = TFrag. 42 . i n-iath Cairpri des Bóinn, Rawl. 158.2 = ZCP viii 333 . des maig Midi (sic leg.), Fél. Prol. 226 . Cf. Desgabair (= s. of the Gabar). Note also: do deiss Danuib s. of the Danube, LL 136a33 (cf. tuaith Benna Bairche n. of B.B., Hy. ii 29 ). See O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 . In various advbl. phrases: andess from the south, northwards: dolluid andes for Beluch M., IT i 106 . ro faith a ndeas, Todd Nenn. 138 . With FRI from the S. towards, hence to the south of: ruind aness (= frinn andess south of us), TBC-LL¹ 1215 . conid farcaib . . . andes i ndeisciurt Letha, Hy. ii 10 . D. mac D. do Ernaib Muman andeas, Acall. 207 . fo d.¤ , fa d.¤ southwards: fa d.¤ no fa thuaith, Wb. 29a21 . scailit uad fo d.¤ fo thuaid, LL 209a5 . do chuatar fo des dochum a tīre, ZCP iii 19 . dafáid fo d.¤ co Victor, Hy. ii 47 . isin dara míle ó Róim fo d.¤ , PH 1918 . roláis a n-ernail . . . seoco fod.¤ hi clithar B., TBC-I¹ 1774 . bodes is bothuaid, Acall. 2742 . do cuaid Padraic d'foglaim bo deas, Todd Nenn. 106 . luidh bu dhés, ZCP xi 212 . dēchais uaidh fo dhes, Moling § 33 . a chlé fod.¤ frisin ṅgréin His left southwards towards the sun (Christ on the Cross), PH 3320 (cf. ZCP ii 225 ). (mod.) an taoibh budh dheas, Matthew xii 42 . Cf. sadess.

(c) In fig. sense right, just, meet: nír d.¤ (or deis, see note) dait mo guin, TBC-LL¹ 3953 . ni deis re Dia dergmartra ar dáinib God does not deem fit, desire, MR 172 . nochar deis é le dreich nDē, ZCP vii 304 . an arra is deisse re feichemuin toicheda ināt a seoit fein which . . . prefers, Laws v 420 . ? nírbo dál deis, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.3 . Manchaigh as dáibh as deisi | sealbh inbhir na hÉirnesi they have the best right to the possession, 3 C 13, 453 . As attrib.: cūic bā dēc don deachain des (: ances), ZCP ix 171 § 3 . Dia deas, SG 21.41 . rogell C. cach ní ndes, BColm. 90 .

(d) By extension convenient, becoming, agreeable, well-arranged, neat, later pretty, fine: des cach suabais, Corm. Y 468 . folt . . . cass d.¤ drumnech, TBC-LL¹ 5173 . in t-aislingthe laind lán-des, SR 3350 . cēd matal mōirdhes, ZCP viii 116 . claidmi . . . dessa, Cog. 162.14 . mór a gcrábhadh deas a ndaonnacht, DDána 122.17 . gārda roidhess, Fl. Earls 78 . cos deas ó mbídh slacht ar bhrógaibh, Keat. Poems 203 . ro bo des leo, Lism. L. 1909 . ger maith leis . . . nochar deis ē le dreich nDé, ZCP vii 304 . is des tarla sin that has happened conveniently, Caithr. CC § 65 . go dtárla an ghaoth go deas dona death-ḟearaibh, ML 46 . do cuir fa aithne ar a manchaibh biadh . . . do beith co des acu to have in readiness, BCC § 230 .

Compds.

(a) ¤dorn: ní raibhi . . . d. gan dá manáis, Acall. 232 . a chúach 'na des-durn, Ériu iv 100 § 33 . ¤druim right of the central line (of Ogam): it hé a n-airde: desdruim, túathdruim, lesdruim, tredruim, imdruim 'these are their symbols: right of, left of, athwart, across and around the central line', Auraic.² 51 § 6,4​​ . ¤ḟertas: fil do desḟertais in charpait, IT i 320.21 . ¤lám: ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.10 . co scenaib . . . ina deslamaib, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). beannacht na deasláimhe, TSh. 9896 . deslām glēgeal, ZCP vii 304 § 9 . deas-lámh Dé, Dán Dé xxiii 38 . ¤lethan: in dá ech . . . deslethna, JRSAI lxxi 376.9 . ¤breth: nírbo deis-breth ná daig-bert, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.55 .

(b) ¤donn: co ndānaib domuin dess-duind, SR 2674 ( brown or ruddy in the south?). rinn . . . ina glaicc . . . da deasbualadh Ainnti-Crist (intens. to give A. a fine beating?), Lib. Flav. 32ra23 . ¤mass: as mo lāim degduinn desmais ` shapely ', ZCP xiii 8.8 (cf. GJ viii 49 ).

1 les

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 les or dil.ie/29990

 

Forms: lessu, leas, lesmac, lesmac

n u, m. a pl. lessu, Wb. 27a28 . leas m., IGT § 95 (127.14) .

(a) The earliest meaning, exemplified particularly in the Laws, seems to be relief, redress, remedy . les(a) airechta redress obtainable through court proceedings. Hence also cause, case; affair, matter : is dithre o lesaib airechta is excluded from redress in the assembly, Laws i 84.12 . is luga ro sailter leas airechta an aide do denam di iar n-aís diailtre (a reason why fosterage fee is higher for a girl than for a boy), O'Curry 281 ( H 3.18, 151 ). athgabāil arindī atgaib cāch a less treithe, Corm. Y 50 . no ainfaind-se al an dalai n-ai, acht is andsa dondni do-boing; is he a l.¤ anas it is his relief that is delayed, Laws i 250.22 . im saige lesa suing for redress (after a killing), O'D. 563 ( H 3.17, 440 ). ní gaibiut athgabháil ima lesa, O'D. 183 ( H 3.17 150 ). secht n-athgabala . . . nacon toibget lesa which do not exact redress, Laws v 254.2 . fris tobug cach a l.¤ .i. resi toibgenn nech in ni dligius, i 256. 6 , 10 Comm . na deoradha ┐ na murchuirthe . . . nocha n-indlighthech nemurfaemad a toicheda . . . cid ima l.¤ uodein, cid im l.¤ neich eile whether it be for their own relief or for the relief of another, 86.23 Comm . cach duine um a l.¤ fadeisin, v 284.5 . less coitchenn la F. insin do cāch, a less fesin immurgu dognī F., ZCP vii 300. 26 - 27 = Ériu xiii 46.22 . arda-lesaib labrait(h)er cirt coir `die für ihre Sache reden', ZCP xiv 379 § 43 ( Laws ii 306.4 ). asbér fris do lesu amuil bid leam fén in ceist I will plead your case, O'D. 945 ( H 3.17, 662 ). tacrait-si far less! ol olldam state your case, Anecd. iii 27.17 . cealla . . . o nach acrait airchindig a leasa `do not sue for their claims', Laws v 118.10 . tacra im leas mna nad eta urlabra, tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht who does not plead his own case, 252.10 - 11 . atat .iii. [meth] fesa do rig, a fuirired, a faigthe, a dligid . . . a dliged adsuidet lesa . . . co nach mbi ┐c. his due which claims establish(?), O'Curry 805 ( H 3.18, 373a ). ríi túaithe di[b] feraib deacc do lessaib túaithe i.e. when he is engaged on the affairs of the `túath', Críth G. 598 (opp. to fria thaiscidi `for his private affairs'). gell slógad, gell rechtge, gell cairddi; ar it l(i)essa túaithe huli insin, 507 . dá ḟer deac dano dám epscuip do les[s]ib ecalsa ┐ túaithe, 600 . breithem tuaithe fri l.¤ tuaithe, ┐ breithemh fri l.¤ eclaisi, O'D. 535 ( H 3.17, 432 ). cisne lesa donaibh sen tascnat treise? Sloged, cis . . . fuba ┐ ruba, meth feise la rig . . . rot, ramat . . . matter, affair(?), Laws i 230.21 . ni daim enecland anadh cach l.¤ bes dir aurfognum ┐ imchongnum, 228.17 . ba imned la Fráech cen acallaim na ingine, sech ba hé less nod ṁbert, TBFr. 156 . o rogleset in l.¤ frisa tancatar when they had settled the matter for which they came, Lism. L. 2030. Cf. leas .i. cúis no caingean . . . gléodh gacha leasa .i. criochnughadh, no glanadh gach cúise, O'Cl.

In phrases with vbb. do-gní l.¤ x acts in the interests of x, looks after x: ach be nach aile dorona a lesa .i. . . . ni fagbuit neach eile dfechiumnus a caingin i n-aisce, Laws ii 86.y . dognim less na n-anm[ann]a I look after, SR 1196 . ingen Echdach oc báig mo marbtha frim . . . uair nach dēnaim a ll.¤ frit-so, Fing. R. 50 . rap áil do Choin Chulaind less Ulad do denam, LL 9942 ( TBC-LL¹ 2881 ). indis scēla dūinne, ar siat, ┐ dodēnum do l.¤ in cach conuir ambeir, RC x 180.18 . tri fichit rigan . . . / bátar acum i n-aoinḟecht / do[gh]nínn a leasa uili, Acall. 504. Cf. ar nī dēin a l.¤ intī saltras in lā dognī he who walks (thereon) does not prosper the day he does it, ACL iii 225.31 . gé go ttainic mé as / ní dearnadh mo leas san lá, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 .

Also do-gní do x: Corr Derce . . . / do Ḟothud dogní ard-less, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.14 . do rinne leas nó díoth dhúinn `for our weal or woe it was', PBocht 27.11 .

ro-icc l.¤ see s.v. ro-icc. Add: In RSClára the phr. is usually ro-icc do l.¤ Also once in Carsw.: gach uair dá rigfe sé do leas é whenever he shall need it, 156 . na halmsana . . . do roinn . . . ar an druing ricces do l.¤ (unto those who have need), RSClára fo. 110a . an tan regar do l.¤ leis na Sethruibh a ṡamhail so do ṡáothar do dhénamh, fo. 116a . innach rigend an bhanab náid na Sethracha bráithre túata do l.¤ (where the Abbesse and the Sisters have no need of lay Brothers), fo. 90a . Cf. also ro-s-furic a less in coimdiu (Dominus his opus habet), PH 4373.

Cf. ríachtanas a l.¤ : gidh sochaidhi ita ina riachtanas a leas, Laws iv 162 n . in duine bís it riachtanus do lesa who needs you, O'D. 676 ( H 3.17, 495 ). ro-riachtanus a leas an bídh, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17 423 ). See also s.v. ríachtanas.

fri l.¤ x engaged upon x's affairs : gad ar techtaire .i. re l.¤ fir bunaid rucait on the business of the owner(?), Laws v 492.4 - 5 Comm . ceit[h]re trīr, trī cet[h]ruir, / cuibde re gach l.¤ no matter what activity they are engaged on(?), Ériu i 39 § 6 (`fit for every need'). Ualer lem rom lessaib, Gorm. 14 . mad cumma ech ┐ ech, / . . . / madat comlūatha frim l.¤ , ZCP viii 217 § 2 . ní lim-sa nach carthair, / uair it ráe rem léas (: a ndeas), RC vi 177.100 . inmain triar . . . / ragus lemsa ar chenn in bhuair / inmain triar . . . / do ragat lemsa rom (leg. rem) l.¤ , SG 382.9 . a nglacadh go lompuisneach re na l.¤ , (to take the bare use of them), RSClára fo. 147a . ? inniss dam gach dal ret leass, / co nderntar lim do leges, IT i 123.13 ( TE 9 Eg.).

(b) advantage, good, benefit, profit, interest : ni ar less ro bói and gl. quod erat contrarium nobis, Wb. 27a18 . ni táirci lessu utmille `restlessness causes not benefits', 28 . is oc bar less ataat `they are benefiting you', 25c16 . ni aurdallat dāna sona na maíne mára na lessa for lubra léim, ZCP xi 94 § 31 (Audacht Morainn). nī fess coich less coich amless, 84 § 32 (do.). ni fes cuich l.¤ cúich amles, LU 10822 . aithne eich techtaire fri himrim a leasa `for his [sc. the owner's] benefit', Laws v 190.18 . cech airchindech fritái in[na] (sic leg. ?) lessa who opposes (the granting of) these benefits (ref. to the cleaning of oratory and graveyard and the supplying of altar vessels), Ériu i 219 § 7 . is í dias as dech fail i nHerind im less a tigernae, LU 7692 ( BDD² 1220 ). na tiagat ceím forddail acht ammar as dess ┐ as less, LL 189b41 . na légid bar leas do lot `your interests', Cog. 122.28 . cen chessacht lessa begrudging (another's) good fortune(?), Ériu iii 96 § 5 (`wailing after prosperity'). ar daig lessa sochaide, PH 7991 . robé l.¤ Dē ┐ a choimnesa isna cosaib-sea, ACL iii 232.x . mās é a leas a luadh go grod if it is to her advantage(?), Celtica iv 120 § 39 . eochoir leasa `the key of profit', Studies 1918, 98 § 2 . ar tí mo leasa intending my good, Dán Dé xix 2 . madh é a aimhleas, madh é a leas, TD 4.40 . l.¤ ┐ líth advantage and prosperity : ic tairdeilb do lessa-su ┐ do lítha, TBC-LL¹ 216. o thanic mo ṡiur aness / nocon ḟétaim less na líth, LL 208b26 . as cómhairle ar l.¤ ┐ ar lith Uladh an chomhairle sin, ITS v 8.20 . dia forroghena rīghdha ēcnairc / hi lantt leasaibh (? = hi lesaibh lann on behalf of churches), ZCP viii 198 § 23. ? ní léir leo leas a fighe / aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ne, Content. xxii 17n .

ar l.¤ x for the benefit of x: leasaighthear libh ar leas cháich / sguird gheal an ghréasa neamhghnáith, Aithd. D. 3.2 . ar a leas nó i n-aghaidh Airt, DDána 100.26 . bheith dé Luain ar mo leas-sa `to defend me on Doomsday', Dán Dé iv 6 . na biodhbhaidh nach bia ar mo leassa `the band set to ruin me', PBocht 24.5 . go ngabhann fearg . . . an liaigh ris, ar a leas, an tan bhíos ag diúltadh aneith budh mhaith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 8250. Also ar l.¤ do x; [is] ar leas doib icar tar a ceand `for their good', Laws v 184.1 Comm .

In moral sense: tol Meic Dé cech a ndena / iss e do less rochuala, LL 19086 . do inchoisc a lessai dóib, Mon. Tall. § 23 (135.15) . a n-imtheacht do badh hé ar leas / na seacht róid-se . . . (of ways leading Heavenward), Dán Dé vi 12 . nach creidfeadh briathra Dé ná teagasg a leasa, TSh. 1653.

Especially l.¤ anma: ní l.¤ anma ar sui ardon condíath .i. ni fil ocund nech lessaiges . . . ar n-anmain, LU 583 ( ACC 12 ). bad less do anmae dogné, ná bad less do chuirp, Ériu iii 106 § 48 . ar ghrádh Dé . . . ┐ ar l.¤ a hanma (for the health of her soule), RSClára fo. 67a . Cf. Sentainne ┐ Senbachlach / rop seis srofais a crínḟess / acht nocon adrat Mac Dé / nocon ḟagbat a primless, LL 22273.

Attrib. gen. rop soraid in sét-sa, / rop sét lessa im lámaib profitable, Ériu vi 112 § 1 . lucht lesa supporters, advocates : gémadh maith mo lucht leasa / t'ucht deassa ní mhaith meise, PBocht 21.15 . lucht leasa don bhanḟáidh `favorers', TD 21.23 (votaries ?). mo lucht leasa, DDána 30.9 . For lóg lessa see lóg.

(c) usual hospitality provided for guests (as opp. e.g. to `fled' for special guests): boi leor l.¤ oiged .i. robo leor no lesaiged aegedu, LU 928 ( ACC 79 ). boi l.¤ lán .i. boe-seom co tabrad a lánl.¤ do cach, LU 926 - 7 ( ACC 78 ). ceathrur do dus . . . / is triur fri fleada filed, / dias for coe, . . . / is fria leass a aenuran, Auraic. 2246 . dias for fleadhaibh, . . . / oen coe, oen leas roghnathach, 2250 . cétadaig aigidechta duni do thig a cheli conid lánbiathad dliges iarum in n-aidchi-sin . . . Gnáthl.¤ im̄. dó cech tan rachas o sain immach. ní dlig acht leth-biathad, LL 187a48 . cia lin dam na firfhiled / . . . / for gnathlessaib, for fledaib, Auraic. 2222. See also s.v. gnáth.

(d) care(?); manure(?) (see Dinneen , s.v. leas): an treabhadh ar nech téid leas / ní hé trá as taosga gheineas, DDána 121.3 (`the uncared field', Ir. Monthly 1923, 586 § 3 ).

The follg. exx. are obscure: ar cid a lles issa llūam nott-lūathar air, ZCP viii 104.2 . nam iarrair cosin nalaide cúlaid di maith (.i. dirorben) lessa ar fechtaib, LU 5500 ( TBC-I¹ 1020 rhet.). ré bliadna nir luaid l.¤ / cruaid lé ┐ tiamda a torrches good fortune did not move it(?) (of a delayed birth), LL 7110 (line one syllable short). timpān ri cotlud! ar cách, / l.¤ cecha samna, gním gnáth the special advantage(?), Fianaig. 46 § 6 (`the practice at each Hallowe'en'). lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 . sona go ttigit leasa `all is well till claims arise'(?), Duan. F. ii 134 § 40.

Compds. These seem to suggest the meaning substitute, not properly belonging(?) (usually with pejorative sense): ¤ainm nickname, sobriquet : gach frithainme .i. l. a n-aighi a cheile, O'Curry 1763 ( 23 Q 6, 36a ). mifocul mna dia raile .i. in drochfocul do beir in ben ar a cheili im a l., Laws i 148.6 Comm . im on lesanma, 236.28 . tubu n-ainme no l., ii 156.19 Comm . l. lenus (one of the seven kinds of satire for which `díre' was exacted), v 228.26 . mac na mbachlach cusna lesanmannaib, LL 13153 ( ScM. 12 ). ní l. dait . . . Cú Chulaind inappropriate name, LU 8146 ( FB 11 ). ó tócbhail a nGulban gairb / lenaidh don laech an l. / Conull . . . Gulban, Irish Texts ii 6 § 4 . ¤anmad vn. formation from preced.: in glaim dicenn, .i. in tuba n-ainme, no in l., Laws i 240.21 Comm . ¤athair: lesathair ┐ lesmāthair, Corm. Y 798 . ¤chlann stepchildren: raba miscais léside a leschland, LL 218a26 ( TTr. 86 ). idir fhiorchlainn ┐ leaschlainn na heagluisi, Luc. Fid. 2815 . ¤macc stepson: lesmac gl. priuignus, Thes. ii 231.13 . l. .i. prius genitus gl. priuignus, Sg. 38b6 . lesmac, Corm. Y 798 . robo lesmac di é, LU 319 ( ACC Introd. ). lesmac ecalse an undutiful son, ACL iii 313 § 13 . feochoir mo luan rem lesmac, 310 vii § 1 (B. na f.). Tiberius .i. l.¤ Augusti , Rawl. B 503, fo. 7a (Plummer MS. notes). ¤máthair stepmother: lesmāthair, Corm. Y 798 . l.¤ gl. nouerca, Ir. Gl. 48 . huairi cotusaisi a les-mathair on nogatad si cach ni isin thig do cheilib Dé (of Brigit), Irish Texts i 5.9 . breth lettrom lesmathar, LL 4531. Fig. leasmháthair na subháilceadh an conách (noverca), TSh. 8337.

trelmach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trelmach or dil.ie/41774

 

adj o, ā (trelam) equipped, armed: mór n-ergal, mór n-erbach n-úag | mor tor t.¤ fri imluad, SR 4674 . ni frith dib tuath t.¤, trén, 4759 . in caur márth.¤ , LU 6949 = BDD² 514 . fían a theglaig trelmaig tréin `the warrior band of his warlike powerful retinue,' Metr. Dinds. ii 38.34 . aness om thir t.¤ tenn, RC xx 54.6 . trúag romthearbadh sunn | rem ṡlúagh trealmach trom, BS 26.6 .