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1 aclaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aclaide or dil.ie/222

adj io, iā, gentle, kind (See Lochlann ii 202 ): aclaidhe .i. mín nó séimh, O'Cl. a.¤ fer imclaen aighedcaemh aclaidhi, BB 427b2 . a Anna chaoin a.¤ mhín tsuairc, Hard. i 347.1 . d'fhuighlibh acluidhe, `in gentle words', Dán Dé xx 19 .

3 aí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aí or dil.ie/716

(d s. of 2 áe?). In phrase ar aí, and with demonstr. ar aí sin, araide (resolved by Zimmer, KZ xxx 5 ff. , as: ar a aí sin (the possessive is written only in late exx.), ar a aí side. Cf. ar apa, ar apaide s.v. 1 apa). Note the alliteration in: ba rogarb araí in robud, Metr. Dinds. iv 250.63 .

I As prep. phrase folld. by gen. or by verbal clause.

(a) on account of, because of: arái na feli Caindich `on account of Caindech's feast-day', Mon. Tall. 135.8 . enech cóicid do brith . . . araí óenḟir, LU 9209 ( FB 94 ). cíarbo dú dogra don tír / ar ái in ríg-sin sech cach ríg?, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.6 . ar aoi dioghla m'amghaire because I had avenged the ill-treatment I had received, Duan. F. i 86.26 . ar aoi an éinpheacaidh, DDána 20.12 . ar aoi clóghuine an Choimdheadh, 46.15 . ger bhó hoirdearc Sean mac cuinn . . . ar aoí a ccoccadh friSaxoibh , AFM v 1748.5 . madh ar máise (: báise) for my sake, ACL iii 295 § 16 . ronnassa secht qumala for in mbantrebtaich . . . ar ae tect il-lu[b]gort Gūaire, 1.11 . araí beith can bíad oentráth, RC vii 300.168 . ni haire ro-raid in t-aingel so ar-ái co mad i nGalilee toisech atcifitís a apstail Ísu `on account of its being in G. first that the apostles would see Jesus', PH 3416 . ar aoi a héiginsi d'fhurtacht, `for helping her necessity', Studies 1921, 75 § 18 . ar aoi ar fhuluing ar ar son on account of what he suffered for our sake, Desid. 6256 . araoi sin cuirit . . . for that reason, Fl. Earls 120.13 . co nar bo h-áil dóibh dol i n-imcheine on mbaile ar a aoídhi, AFM vi 2212.9 .

(b) as regards, in the matter of: is adbur rig arái delbha, Sc.M² § 14R . ni frith díb oenfer foleith / folilsad arái ṅgaisc[e]id, SR 5776 . a Capadóic dó ar-ái chineoil, PH 1124 . ni dlegad som arai dleastanuis sin `as regards legal right they are not entitled thereto', RC xxiv 186.20 . gidh im bhocht ar áoi mbiorair though I am poor as regards watercress, BS 86.14 (§ 43) . Aodh ba sóamh díobh ar aoí n-aoisi gion gurbhó hé ar aoí n-oirbertais, AFM vi 1916.7 . cidh daíne ar ai fhuatha is [anm]anna indligthecha ar aí n-ecna `for though men in form they are brutish beasts in intelligence', Stair Erc. 1311 . In dates: i n-oct kalaind Mái ar-ái lathi mís greni in the matter of the day of the month, PH 1106 . for-ái lathi mís grene,—inand ón ┐ ar-ái lathi sechtmaine is-in bliadain hi-tám, 6920 .

(c) for the sake of, for: ar ái oenḟer (n-aoinfir, v.l.) d'imchomét, TBC-LL¹ 1674 .

II As adv. with adversative force nevertheless, however: nad biu-sa resna sluagaib ní ba siriu, bar F. . . . dessid F. riasna sluagaib arái, TBC-LL¹ 496 . ┐ arai fessa dam mo thustidi féin nevertheless let me know (who were) my own parents, LU 1682 . ranic tra co ham tuismeda di ┐ arai nir scuir dind fhognam, RC xxiv 190.11 . tugad dise hé . . . ┐ aráoi ni móite fuair-siom sláinte, TTebe 807 . arai som dano dofocrait cath for Eochaid in spite of that, LL 14402 . tangatar . . . ina aghaidh, ar a aoi ni ró chumhaingset ní dhó, AFM iii 88.11 . bátar acc folmaise a bfobartha . . . ara aoí ní dheirgensat `but, however they did not do so', vi 1884.14 . arái sin ní théit immach, TBC-LL¹ 198 . arái sein barroega F., 4413 . ar-aí sin ra érig Crom D., MU² 504 . arai sin tra roshantaigh imon comairli . . . do dhenum, Aen. 779 . fairend . . . dogníat trócaire . . . ┐ biit araíde i llaxai, LU 2195 ( FA 27 ). ro chuindig ceat a athar ┐ ni tharut dí. Araide dochuaid si cen chetugud dó, IT i 40.8 . araide batar sonairte seom, 74.19 . robæ dano comēt leisseom ar inn ingin. ┐ araide rostoirrchestar quidam vir nobilis , Rawl. 147a44 . adlesc-som aráide do dhul i ndíthrub, PH 4743 .

Note also (as conj.): araíde nocha herbartha-su, lest you say, Alex. 828 = araba, Anecd. v 2.9 . See also Bard. Synt. Tr. 17.27ff.

aimbrit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimbrit or dil.ie/1098
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aimrit

i adj (cf. birit). Also aimrit. infertile, barren, childless: bá haimbritt í, TFrag. 32.3 . ben ambrit leis, LL 277b15 . aimrit . . D., clannmar . . . a siur, Fél. 172.22 . ba haimrit in rí, BDD² 87 . boí Mugain . . . hi fail Díarmata ┐ sí amrit, LU 4235 . masa aimrit e 'if he [the husband] is infertile', CIH ii 673.25 , Mar. Dis. 74 . mac Anna ambreit (metri gratia?), SR 5372 . mac Elcanna ┐ Anna amrite, BB 245b13 . docechnad . . . for a maige comtis ambriti chaidchi cacha clainde, LU 10950 . issed dogni iasscratai aimbritie, Anecd. iii 26.22 . dobir sin breith do mnaib aimridi, RC xxiv 374.10 . Of plants, etc.: aimrid éadtoirtheach (of a tree), TSh. 9126 . aimrid gach craobh, DDána 73.7 . aimbrith a hioth, AFM i 96.3 . dogníter na tíre . . . condat ambrite, PH 4232 . aimrid, díosg, seasg, Eg. Gl. 22 .

As subst.: for a.¤ fine .i. duine do na berar clann, O'D. 785 ( H 3.17, 563 ).

aithibar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithibar or dil.ie/2681
Last Revised: 2013

n (ibar): gai . . . nī teit urchar n-imruill de acht con rāiter `ibar' de. da rāiter dana `a.¤' do-roich for cula, ZCP xii 244.15 . dia n-eber athibar friss / do-inntoi anna c[h]umga chniss, 245 § 11 . aithiubhar .i. díbirt no ionnarbhadh, O'Cl. beth duit for amsa ┐ aithiupor im' diaid-si 'to follow me in soldiering and in exile' Ériu xxxv 74 § 9 . See further under athguba

1 ann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ann or dil.ie/3696
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: anna

n Also appar. anna (Lat. annus) year: oena.¤ fri derosc laimi `one year (is the period) for the verdict on a hand', Ériu xx 46 § 37 = oen and fri derosc laime, Laws iii 534.20 = aon a.¤ fri derusc laime . . . aon oni is unus ┐ anna oni is annus, unus annus aonbliadhain uair anna aon bliadhain, O'Curry 1816 ( 23 Q 6, 45 b ). ? no co tuca na teora anna imchiana aran ré, co roib fine gotha fine crotha, fine bésa (if the paternity of a child is in doubt it is to remain with the mother for three periods), O'D. 778 (H 3.17, c. 558) = teora hanna, O'Curry 1052 (H 3.18, 437a). ? tri doim ┐ tri tindi ┐ tri dabcha cach anna , Anecd. i 11.10 (emended by Thurn. to cacha nóna, see SCano 339 n ). Cf. annaid.

anna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anna or dil.ie/3698

n (see Vendr. Lex.): a.¤ . . . .i. cubi[t]us latine .i. righ . . . arindī folongat na mnā cach altrom fora rigtib, O'Mulc. 112 - 114 .

-anna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -anna or dil.ie/3699

v ar na a.¤ nech do dithim gill a coimded dar a cenn, Laws v 378.3 .i. ar na ra comsgailea no ar na ro gnathaigead neach toitim gill a thigerna tar a ceand, 13 Comm. O'Dav. 147 cites this passage with similar explanations and adds: nó ara (= ar na?) fursunnugha, no ní ha.¤ doibh díre dia n-eitsit esconna.¤ Cf. ad-annai?

annálach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. annálach or dil.ie/3707

n o, m. = anná(i)l: gan chiaigh n-annálaigh, L. Cl. A. B. 206.104 . amhail innisid ar n-annálacha é, Keat. ii 5909 . i seanleabhraibh irsi ┐ annálach Éireann, Keat. iii 317 . a leabhraibh annálach na heglaisi, Ó Héodhusa 38.6 . Computation: conid sexto int annalach iar cicil an Tigerna, ALC ii 120.27 .

annálaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. annálaid or dil.ie/3709

v ( anná(i)l): sechtmad uathaid . . . / for enair ra hannalad was recorded , LL 15631 .

anúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anúas or dil.ie/3838

(1 ós) adv. stressed on second syll.

(a) from above, down; somet. simply above: itius anuas ┐ dusclaid anís, Ml. 102a15 . is anuas sennair (a harp), Hib. Min. 1.23 . canas tánic int armgrith . . . inn a haéor anúas . . . ?, MU² 513 . focoisled súas R. ┐ dolléced a.¤ co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich, Trip.² 1507 . dolléici . . . sleig . . . dí a.¤ i.e. from the bank above the water, TBFr. 234 . súas dochum nime ┐ anuas, RC xiii 44 § 25 . mé tuc an t-uball anuas that plucked the apple, Ériu iii 148 § 3 . go ttuitfeadh se anuas chum iffrinn, Párl. na mB. 3103 . brechtān aníss ┐ anúass a roll of bread buttered below and on top(?), BColm. 84.7 . With prec. DI: it é side combidgtais in cath dia anuas, Alex. 569 . See also denúas. With FOR. Usually for . . . a.¤ lit. down on, in contact with from above . Later also a.¤ for . . .: ind uisci forind nim anuas `the waters that are above the heaven', Ml. 120d7 . boí ind ordnasc óir forsind éicni a.¤ the ring was on the top of the salmon(?), TBFr. 320 . a aithindeada . . . air anuas on top of him, TTebe 3144 . in bennachtsin . . . dobiursa . . . fort mullach anuas, LL 18538 , in t-éo óir . . . fair a.¤ (airsin anuas fogeba v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3032 . ac toitim anuas for Ercuil, Stair Erc. 341 . sruth . . . síothchána do thuitim anuas oraibh, Párl. na mB. 281 . go tuiti an f[h]irmaimint anuass oraind, ML² 1379 . In sense of over and above, in addition: céd bruithne do dherg-ór farris sin anuas besides that, Ériu viii 139.19 . dam in n-inad cach daim et in Dond Cualngi fair a.¤ as well, CRR 24.6 .

(b) In chronology downwards: o feil Michel induas, LB 8 marg. inf. anuas ó aimsir na nApsttol ever since the time of the apostles, Desid. 4152 . anuas ó aois óigleanaibh, Dán Dé xvii 4 . o cath Muige Ratha 'núas, Cog. 110.14 . triúr anuas . . . d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . sé rígh ḟichead . . . / a.¤ ó Niall . . ., TD 7.46 . a.¤ go hAodh, 26.14 .

(c) In phrase do-beir a.¤ brings into a discussion, cites, quotes: tugsad anuas an oiread sin do bhríathruibh an sgrioptúir, Desid. 4649 . is iomdha sompla oile do fhéadfamaois do thabhairt anuas, TSh. 293 . is iomdha suidhiomh . . . eile do bhéarainn anuas, Eochairsg. 33.9 .

(d) In cross-reference to a passage higher up from one under discussion: a trede asrubart a.¤ , Wb. 10d2 . is hed dosaig a.¤ , 15a22 , 23c23 (see Sarauw, Irske Studier 81 ). opus in cúrsagthaso a.¤ , 14d6 . isind almsan arafocair a.¤ , 16d7 . rotracht som riam anuas forsin canoin se `he has commented before above on this text', Ml. 121a8 . cesad Stephain in-sin anuas written above, PH 1482 . is hé in so anūas miniugud crōibe coibniusa na Bretc[h]a, ZCP viii 299.31 . With FRI: rinn anuas above (in a book), Laws i 16.z . See anúasan, -ana.

1 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bir or dil.ie/5933
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: biur, biur, ṁbir, biur, beura, bear, bearann

n u, n. Later m. O. Ir. biur, b.¤ a s. biur, TBC-I¹ 1255 , a nōmad ṁbir , 1258 . d s. biur, LU 5733. n a p. beura, Sg. 67b11 ( GOI 198 ). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71. g p. bear, ex. 1544 , bearann (: fearann), ex. 1541 .

Stake, spit; point; spear; spike: beura gl. sudes, Sg. 67b11 . sudum .i. inna[m]bir, Gild. Lor. 152. bir a ueru , O'Mulc. 151. braga .i. b.¤ -āga. Aige ainm b.¤ , Corm. Y 161. berid .ix. mbera culind . . . laiss nine spits of holly (for use as spears), LU 5726. sríd N. biur for C.C., 5728 . for rind in bera, 5729 . focheird-sium b.¤ for C., TBC-LL¹ 1947. biaid do chend ar bir, 3476 . for rindriis na mbera, LU 5733. gan nach n-arm . . . acht b. iairn ina láim, TBC-LL¹ 4245. beara iaraind, Todd Nenn. 60.3 . coica bera ara mbái rind / tuc leis do beraib cáirthind, RC vii 300.9 , 10 . nochan fuaratar b.¤ na bundsach isin tsligid-sin, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 . secht mbeara fiched d'iaron aithleghtha, RC xxix 124 § 27. co mberaib gera iairn `with sharp spikes of iron', PH 1240. bera bodba biraithi `darts', Cog. 160.27 . do soighdib . . . ┐ do beraib birgéra ┐ do laighnibh . . . lánmóra, Acall. 2829 v.l. do hinnledh na beara ┐ na r[e]anna uile ar a cheann `spears and darts', RC xxix 124 § 31. an bior ar nach rabha rinn, DDána 3.38 . agá dtreaghdadh do bhearaibh troma teinntidhe (one of the pains of hell), TSh. 1979. gin bera gin slegadh `stakes or spikes', Laws i 304.17 Comm. i ninde bera na corad stake of the (fishing) weir, Ériu xvii 68 § 9.12 ( Laws iv 212.12 Comm. ) ineich doberar a ind in uisci, for ind in bera, in t-iasc, Laws v 478.8 Comm. go mbearuibh omhna `with wooden shafts' (notes), O'R. Poems 684. mé do lá b.¤ 'na bonnaib `I thrust a spike into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . lorg bear a bhonn mbeoghonta, DDána 54.14 . sa derna do bhí fan mbir (: fuilngir), IGT Decl. ex. 1149. b.¤ bodba `warlike point', TTebe 2818 . acht muna faice bera no slega `unless he saw the dangerous thing', (lit. `spikes or spears',) Laws i 178.15 Comm. iii 500.23 Comm. Cf. beara .i. sleagha, O'Cl.

Cooking or roasting spit: b.¤ bruinnes, LL 3649 (see Petrie Tara, Plate 8). b.¤ co lúdh, YBL 419a27 (Petrie Tara 189, 5-9). b.¤ Neithin, fulacht na Morrígna, inneóin in Dagda `N.'s spit', Triads 120 . ro iorlamhaighsit . . . do bhior ┐ do choire by roasting and boiling, TFrag. 72.15 . féoil om ar beraib ca[e]rthind `on spits of rowan', RC vii 300.16 . láeig beca ar beraib / a fedaib Cáibden, LL 37949 ( SG 364.33 ).

Other applications: fūaratar bās do beruib / ōn muic dísgir druimremuir `by the tusks' (of a boar), Fianaig. 54.19 . dothuit hi Fidga . . . di bir ois antler (?), ZCP xii 238 § 63. earca brech biathuis da b.¤ .i. gai `countless wolves fed he with his spear' ( MS. Mat. 481.11 ), LL 380b38 = LL 6398. `plug or tent for a wound (?),' TBC St. Gloss.: do lingetar a bera (sic leg., ed.) dhe, ib. 4905 . Expld. as hand in B. na f.: beara (.i. lāmha) nach lang (.i. fada), ZCP v 484 § 6 (= ZCP iii 378.13 ). Of dressing for a wound (or a tent ?): do lingeatar a bhera de co raithin cinn bera, Éigse ix 186 n. 14 (24 P 4 p. 211) .

Compds. With nouns: foghluim an bhiorchleasa `dart- feat', RC xxix 126 § 32. barrthagar / birchogad, IT iii 105 § 208 . bir-crand (.i. in berb-crand, 484.18 Comm.) treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 . biorchrainn caola slender arrows, DDána 111.23 . do gaínib ┐ birínib ┐ slegínib ┐ birchruadib `hard points' (Táin 2222), TBC-LL¹ 2544 = LU 6401. bir chúaille (? birch.) `sharp spike', Imr. Brain 65.28 . garbeccur grainemail do birfiaclaib barrglassa `of spiky teeth', CCath. 4027. Trí Bior-ghaoithe an Bháis `Three Shafts of Death' (here perh. in sense of tent for a wound, C. O'Rahilly, Éigse ix 186 ), TSh. p. 1. le racht biorghlóir `in sharp-voiced rage', Ó Bruad. iii 212.14 . sída is sróll . . . / sréin is buabae is birtenga, some kind (or part) of horse's headdress (?), SG 249.21 . ? Leg. bir-theng[th]a cooking-spits (?) Fil Súil nGlais 51 .

With adjj.: in torc . . . cusna fiaclaibh bir-athi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. eich . . . bir-cheanda with pointed heads, Leb. Cert. 212.10 . do bogadaib bircennaip, CCath. 5442. cor bo birḟocus cach fonnud issin charput sin next to a point, TBC-LL¹ 2544. do gháibh bega birghéra, Acall. 1802. do beraib bodba birguirt rinnaithi keen-pointed, CCath. 3154. See berach (b).

ceppaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceppaid or dil.ie/8722

v (cepp)

(a) shapes, forms, fashions : dán ar conair ní cheapdaois, Studies 1920, 262 § 3 . más fíor an almhuir do cheap an chliar `the strange doctrine which the clergy have made', Oss. iii 246.6 . inghean Anna . . . / do ceapadh i gcló crábhaidh, Aithd. D. 87.2 . geirr-theagasga beaga do cumadh ┐ do ceapadh, Donlevy iv 6 .

(b) confines, restricts : do ceapadh na fearchoin seo i n-iarthar Cláir / Sasanaigh fá mhacnas ar dtiacht n-a n-áit (of the dispossessed Irish), Hackett xvii 7 .

cétnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cétnae or dil.ie/8944
Last Revised: 2019

io, iā.

I As ord. num. (the) first (with follg. noun). In Sg. somet. cétna (the usual form in later texts), and in O. Ir. glosses somet. uninflected (see GOI 230 ; isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 ). cétna persan, Sg. 191a2 . cenid ed as chetnae n-áis in homine , Ml. 44c26 . cétna netargna, Sg. 197b10 . áinsid . . . cetni diil `of the first declension', 91b4 . tobarthid cétnæ diil, 76b4 . cétna cobedne (g s.), 168b1 . far cétnu diull, 90b1 . hicétni persin, 163b6 . cetnastoir ┐ stoir tanusti, Hib. Min. 10.313 . ésci cétna mís, PH 5071 . cētna cath fiche twenty-first, ZCP xi 109 § 19 .

With follg. clause: is he céetne fer cetaruchreti . . . hi Crist, Wb. 7b11 . issí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . issi cetna cumal ceta-ra-gaib, Laws v 394.3 . cetnagnim gnisset, SR 4197 . ónchetna duini robúi, 7889 . is e didiu cetna ndeiginach ro dhuisid `c'est le même qui le dernier ressuscita', Études Celt. ii 298.28 , cf. ZCP iii 35.25 .

With prec. art.: in cetnae sians, Ml. 36a33 . in chetna persan, Sg. 157b3 . ind cetna cétaoin, Mon. Tall. 156.1 . incetni persin (a s.), Sg. 159a2 . in cétnu slisiu, RC xxvii 280 § 35 . dar in cétna ṁbraini, MU² 505 . ó aicniud na cétne tuis- ten, Wb. 21b4 . inna cétnisillabæ `of the first syllable', Sg. 212b1 . huan cetnu dedól ind laithi, Ml. 136b1 . fon c.¤ ṅdul, 126d8a (see Études Celt. xl 82 ). ised fil isin c.¤ chetbuid, Ml. 115a14 (rectius chétnae). isin chetna sillaib, Sg. 18b2 . don chétni persin 52a19 . is in cetna nous fer nErend, Laws i 12.4 . an cetna fecht the first time, D IV 2, 75 rb 23 . donaib cétnaib forcitlaib gl. primis institutionibus, Ml. 14a12 .

With follg. clause: na cetnæ rainne bis isin chomsuidigthiu, Sg. 18b1 . With prec. poss. a cétnae n-ais `its first age', Ml. 87b10 . im chétni precept, Wb. 31a1 . As subst. ar nídad ferr-si in chétnu `for ye are not better than at first', Wb. 8c7 . in cédna ro thoimélad the first person who should eat, FDG² 222 . an ceudna the first (in list), RSClára 149b . ? tuargaib a tech . . . co riacht a dirgi fesin inna cetna, LU 8402 ( FB 28 ).

As preverb: (cf. ceta-, cét-): cétnaronas who was the first to be bound, ZCP viii 320.31 . is la N. cetnaroacht múr B., Rawl. 71a32 . M. las' cētna crecad, Corp. Gen. 363.15 . la C. cétna hort, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.28 . R. cetnaragaib cath nIndide do lāim, Ériu iii 141.214 . cia cetna ro-forchan?, PH 6410 . Cf. combad a ben cetna tísad issa tech ar thús, LU 8272 ( FB 21 ) (if not here in sense of fadéin

II With prec. art. and noun (the) same (exceptionally: co cétnu chórus, Críth G. 438 ): in trop c.¤ , Ml. 77b6 . infogur cétna, Sg. 203b9 . a cumachtae c.¤ , Ml. 48a21 . a folad cetne, Sg. 28b20 . cen forcenn ind ḟolaid chéthnai, 19 . ? ar is écsamil acenél cetne fil isindí as mare ┐ as nilus, 211a14 (? leg. cetamus , Strachan, note). na precepta cétni, Wb. 17b20 . forsna sunu cétnai, Ml. 133d2 . fon coir cetna, Laws ii 246.1 , see ZCP xiv 351 . bretha in ríg cétnai, Fél. Prol. 202 . an cumat cenda (sic) soin, BB 275a16 . isnaib cressaibh cétnaibh, Ériu ii 110 § 29 . do chungid in chon chētna the same dog (i.e. just mentioned), Sc.M² 1 . is an riocht chéadna in its former condition, Dán Dé xii 15 . d'indsaigid in Chaladonda cetna that very C., TTebe 3193 . an Ní céanna, Donlevy 88.18 . With prec. poss.: a chomméit cétna the same quantity, Sc.M² 2 .

In follg. perh. in use similar to that of fadéin: ro faidid co Sithchend cetna iad to S. himself(?), RC xxiv 196.2 . do-chuaidh don bith cétna che, BB 59a4 . Traoi chédna, O'R. Poems 1781 `the veritable . . . Troy', Gloss. dodeachaidh badhdēin cétna a persain, Fl. Earls 214.20 . air Anna Boilen, a inghin chéadna, Hard. ii 314.7 . ? do bheir tuile ar dtráigh céadna, Dán Dé xxxi 13 . ? iar cech mebail chetni, O'Mulc. 403 .

III As subst. the same (person, thing, etc.): bad hé a fer in cétne let the same one be her husband, Wb. 9d32 (`first'). Cf. donānic ar tinnorcain in chētna, TBC-I¹ 1086 = LU 5569 . la taisecc in gill innad on inna don in cetna, Laws v 422.8 ( CIH ii 477.19 ). Adv. tiagait fora rēmim in chētna they proceed on the same course, Ériu viii 157.3 nocho n-oo, nochon sinu in cétnu (i.e. Día, subject of preceding sentences), Ériu ii 106 § 16 . ní hed mo ass a cétne 'it is not my same milk', CMMucr. (Sc. Éog.) 66 § 8 (see The Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 129f. n. 39 ). immon cétna, LU 1142 . a cétna, Bodl. Dinds. 18 . frisa cedna `in the same way', Mon. Tall. 138.12 . an cetna the same thing, TTebe 4840 . ca rád na cétna, CRR 26 . in ccédna dhuitsí the same to thee, ITS v 18.12 . gus na cineadhaibh do choimhēd an ccēdna gus a-niú (i.e. seanchus), Celtica i 88.17 . an cēanda (sic) do dhēanamh, Beatha S. F. 2465 . In later lang. freq. in phr. mar an gc.¤ in the same way, also, too : piseacla do cheangal isan tunna sin mur an gcēadhna, Celtica iv 67.88 . mar an gcētna `likewise', Fl. Earls 78.20 .

cráeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráeb or dil.ie/12707
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f.

(a) branch, bough; sprig; rod, wand; post : ni cech cnú fociṅg dia croíb, LL 19134 . etir moin céir ┐ craib, 34903 ( MU² 463 ). co tuca chroíb dam din chaírthend, Fraech 194 . aithsceinm craibi tar ais, Laws v 156.14 . colpach ína ngablaib, dairt ina craebaib, iv 146.23 (see gabul). craeb . . . olachraind, TTebe 2007 . crāeb ola, ACL iii 238 § 8 . as craobh ria na bláth écc ind ḟir hisin (prov. of untimely death), AFM ii 1114.13 . Cf. ni coilte cra[eb] r[ian]a bláth, Éigse ii 184 § 5 ( LL 374c28 ). léiccis cráobha . . . lécciss coilcthi (? branches strewn for bedding. Poss. w.r.t. bracken or heather branches or perhaps a wooden (or wickerwork) bed-frame , Ériu xxvi 95 ), ZCP viii 198 §§ 16 , 17 . fo chiamhair chraobh `among the gloom of branches', BS 24.13 . craeb sidha a laim gach aeinfir dibh olive-branch , ZCP vi 48.9 . atait 5 craoba ar in luibh so springs, ACL i 332.60 . an té do-ní craoibh don chnaoi (viz. God), DDána 42.30 . is amlaid documlai in mac ┐ craeb airgdide uaso . . . Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib. Craeb umai úasna filedaib archena a golden wand, LL 24227 . Cf. bun(n)sach. craobh conaire signpost , LBranach 1004 . craobh eóluis ar oinigh Aodh, 361 . mithidh damhsa . . . / . . . do chuir ar chraoibh, a chompáin to put away, to put aside (to an old cloak), Hackett² 31.26 , 29 . c.¤ luirg see 1 lorg . rod on which ogam was written: cairechtaire Gaoidhelge . . . sgríobhtha 'na bhfleasga ar chraobhaibh, Celtica i 97.309 . Hence: an carachtaire ele . . . goirthear ogham-chraobh (leg. ogham craobh ?) dhe, 306 .

(b) tree, bush : in chróeb i Cind Febrat, Metr. Dinds. iii 230.68 (? ref. to in t-ibar (sic leg.) of 49, 53). unnius i (? Í) Tortain . . . / unnius Uisnig . . . / tuitset na craiba, LL 27698 . teg mór ffer, ┐ ech, docum craoibhe Fert Luighdheach, Ériu xiii 44.10 . ealta minén ar fud craíbhe éigin, CF² 883 . táinic . . . amach as lár craóibhe = out of the midst of a bush, Exodus iii 2 . In phr. fo chráeib out of doors, in the open(?): encorach dicitur duine fossad fo craeph, O'Mulc. 398 (`or fochraib ?' ed.). codlaim fa chraoibh 'san ess, BS 136.16 . Of particular trees: C. Da Thi / . . . crand na sluag, LL 27692 . unnius im̄ Craeb Belaig Da Thi, 27683 . Craeb Uisnig, 27647 . For mod. le (ar na) craobhachaibh ` mad, crazy ', see Ó Cuív, Éigse viii 104 - 5 .

(c) In a wide variety of transfd. meanings.

Of persons: in chróib co mbláthib (of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). Áed . . . c.¤ chomlán do thennad túath, LL 17038 . in chrōib chāin chumra (a warrior), Bruchst. 122 . a chraobh bhíthe bhanda, DDána 80.28 (to a lady). craobh na rosg ruadh (of Conn), ML 122.11 .

Of locks of hair: a bháirr . . . na gcraob gcam, O'Gr. Cat. 456.7 . le hearla na gcraobh gcumhraidhe, DDána 109.8 . cíoradh na gcraobh, Magauran 976 .

Of weapons: crōib glec lāich ina lāmaib (description of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC-I¹ 2571 . in C.¤ Glasach .i. claidem . . . F., Acall. 2192 .

Of a branched wand or staff from which bells were suspended: craebh sidhamhail . . . co tri hublaibh dergoir fuirre, Manners and Customs iii 317 n. 313 f. Cf. i. dxxxvii. eistecht risin ceol dogníd in cræbh, IT iii 193.22 . ro croith in craib Sencha ┐ contoíset Ulaid uli fris, LU 8421 ( FB 29 , H). c.¤ chréduma ra haird a gúaland (of Sencha), LL 35114 ( MU² 749 ). craeb ṡída ┐ forṡidaigthi Fian Érenn, Acall. p. 329.22 . Note further: ar mbreith bhúaidhe cheóil chraoibhe music of the harp(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1165 . ná déin dearmod don chraoibh chiuil, Bard. P. 46.8 . ó ṡeinm na gcraobh gciúil, TD 14.7 . glór bhar síodhchraobh seanma, DDána 68.21 .

Of branching decorative work, arabesque : cráeba cailce for a cliu (of a shield), Eg. 88, 19a cited Contribb. 503 . feilm óir na gcraobh gcorcra, DDána 75.40 . tre chraobhoibh do chuach n-órtha, O'Hara 4363 . craísech chráebh n-úaine, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 .

Of waves: ar chorp mar chraobha tonn, Magauran 1004 .

In sense of pedigree, genealogy, descent, branch of a family tree; scion : do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craébaib, BB 411a33 . ar bhfréamh chraobhei-ne ime, DDána 70.17 . cráobh do chin óna Collaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330 . Freq. c.¤ choibnesa, c.¤ geinelaig: cade a craeb choibniusa? pedigree , Metr. Dinds. iv 346.7 . a c.¤ choibniusa (sic leg.) fri Grécaib common descent (of the Trojans), LL 30859 ( TTr. 41 ). triúr anuas . . . / d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . craobha geinealaigh Gaoidheal, DDána 72.21 . See coibnius.

Note also: hi trūaill . . . findarcait ūas chrōebaib(?) a chnis, TBC-I¹ 2342 . deisme neómain im chét c.¤ (dees imomain im chet croeb, YBL), TBC-LL¹ 4958 ( LL 11620 ). ? cionnus lat tré chraoibh na cána / mac an tsaoir do rádha ris (of Christ), DDána 26.6 . cuanna arna threaghdadh a thaobh / ag cealgadh craobh uadha d'fhíon, Dán Dé xxvi 21 . gach craobh chorr, O'Hara 2444 (`each rounded limb'). craobh uaine ad shuil mar shamfhrais, Celtic Scotland iii 424 , xlii (`beam'). craobh barr-dheigh-ṡleagh a barr sin `whose glory is pre-eminence in sharp good lances', Content. xxix 17 . ? cach sathe díib rogab crúib, ZCP viii 308.20 .

Freq. in nn. loc.., see Hog. Onom .

Compds. General sense branching, spreading , but freq. merely for alliterative or other metrical purposes. With nouns and vns. 'san gcraobh-bhanna phéacach, Keat. Poems 304 (`flowing riband, branching band', Gloss.). fás a craobhchall, DDána 64.21 . craebcoroin . . . do nat[h]rac[h]aiph neimde, CCath. 4119 . craebdearca Conaill, MR 116.21 . atbath craobhdhos bhile mhóir, Aonghus, Keat. iii 707 (quotation). i torchair cain craebdus / Oengus ┐ Eithne (cheville), LL 23505 (c.¤ + dos ?). ós chionn do cheathra gcraobh-fhabhra branching lashes and eyebrows , DDána 114.14 . in chliat[h]sa ni craebhḟál `fence of branches', Gorm. 9 . tré chroeb[ḟ]odail, ZCP viii 307.1 (rhet.). craebhfhoghla . . . caibniusa tuath `genealogical ramifications', MR 98.14 . techtughudh . . . cu cruibh ime temporary fence(?), O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23cd ). arm áigh craoibhlíne ` engraved ', O'Hara 683 . tre Mhagh gC. na gcraoibhleas, DDána 74.50 . atād trī caoga craobh-ogham aguinn ogham written on staves, Celtica i 97.306 . Conall . . . uaind ro geinedh in craebh-shlat, MR 310.20 . laoch … craobhshūileach bushy-eyed Celtica xiii 42.103 . craebhthonna spreading waves(?), CF 926 .

With adjj. a Caiseal craebchorr, BB 60b40 . tré ghéarlasair chraobh-dheirg, Keat. Poems 351 . clanna . . . craeb-gasta, MR 118.18 . mar bhláth éadtrom chraobhghlas, Keat. Poems 288 . dreach craobhghoirthe `bright-curved', O'Hara 1907 . go Cliaigh gcr[a]oibhiodhain, DDána 109.3 . a ghruaidh chraobhnár mar chrithre, Aithd. D. 34.6 (`o'erspread with fiery blush'). in t-abhra réidh craobhnocht, O'Hara 4457 (`curving'). um chlár gcraobhsholus gCobhthaigh, Aithd. D. 16.25 . fuairshreabha an chalaidh chraobhshona, 4.8 (`tree-rich'). cuingeda . . . craeb-uaisli `free-born', MR 246.3 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: craibdig .i. . . . craeb-bethadaig (etymol. gl.), Fél.² xxxi 16 . go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . clar-sceimelta . . . craeb-dathacha cath-sciath, MR 224.5 . in Craebhghlasach, claidem F., Acall. 2244 . dh'éis luit do chuilg cráoibhlitrigh, O'R. Poems 109 . na cromsróna . . . craebhshilteacha, CF² 288 . D. . . . / na sul ngormall craebhsuirgeach, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . gu Céis cráebthorthuigh Coruinn, Anecd. i 31 § 49 .

See cruibe.

cumgae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumgae or dil.ie/13837

Forms: cuimge, chuimge, chumga, chuimnge, chumnga, cumhainge, gcúingidhibh

n , f. (cumung). Also cuimge. in chuimge, chumga, chuimnge, chumnga, IGT Abstr. Nouns § 9 . cumhainge, Atlantis iv 192.36 . i gcúingidhibh , Ó Bruad. ii 282.2 .

(a) narrowness, straitness; narrow space, strait : cumce in taige, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). bui do cumga in inaidh, CCath. 2611 . ro dlúta na drumchla ┐ cúimce thuas joints (`Gefüge'), Alex. 595 . doghni cath etirnaidi i cuimgib in tshlebhi `passes', Aen. 2798 . i ccumgaibh gacha conaire, TFrag. 36.5 . cumga chlebh ┐ mæs bronn, TBC-LL¹ p. 305 n. 6 . oireacht i ngach éinionadh / dá chumhga however narrow, DDána 120.16 . ag cor chuimhghe ar réidhi an raoin (: buighne) restricting, O'Hara 2412 . cuimhgi fherainn, Lism. L. 2888 . anna c[h]umga chniss close to him, ZCP xii 245 § 11 . cumga anala `shortness of breath', Rosa Angl. 24.11 .

(b) difficulty, strait, distress, etc.; parsimony . In O. Ir. glosses gl. angor: hi cumcai no in n-ecin, Tur. 134 . Ml. 33a12 . achumgai .i. á imneda, 19b16 . innacumcae, 19a12 . 20a5 . 39a8 . innac.¤ , 21c5 . a c.¤ , 31c12 . cid etir na cumcai, 18d24 . huana cumgaib gl. arctis, 41a7 . mór cumce i táusa, Fél. Ep. 385 . ar a burba . . . / is ar chumga a menmannraid, SR 6306 . truag a cumge [fora?] tír, / dogní sil meic n-Adaim and, LL 7474 . dā cenélach .lxx. do cuimgib na pīan isna ifernaib torments , Ériu ii 132 § 107 . atcota dāire cumca, Anecd. iii 12.5 . cechoen bís hicumca ┐ inguasacht, Three Hom. 84.23 . cumga gáise garga `strictness of harsh wisdom', Metr. Dinds. i 30.34 . conair chuimgi ┐ doirthe na Frigia a road for oppressing and enslaving Phrygia, Alex. 166 . ? im in manchuine ┐ im in mbiadh .i. ima cuimgi, Laws ii 274.17 Comm. ? scaraid bur cumga a n-am óil / a bulga óir re crann ciúil, IGT Abstr. Nouns 1005 . a mac ní riom chaithfe cuimhge `will not stint me', PBocht 4.26 . is truagh cumhga na degla, Smaointe B. Chr. 4452 . luach ara chreich gan cumhga / fúair C., BNnÉ 289.27 . masa dhith oir . . . fil fort doghebha gin chumca friut `without resistance' (without stint?), Marco P. 25 . lór a chumhga ibhid fíon very sparingly(?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 198.6 . cumga indtindi `oppression of mind', Rosa Angl. 70.6 . in cumga craitim, Grail 3766 (in cumgach credim, v.l.). go mbuí i ccumhga mhoir `reduced to great straits', AFM iii 756.8 .

Danmairg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Danmairg or dil.ie/14611

Forms: Danmarg

pn o, pl. The Irish rendering of Danamǫrk Denmark , the homeland of the Danair. Originally applied only to the country; later also to the population, Danmarg being felt as the gen. of a plural name like Laigin, Ulaid, Gailiúin and passing into the inflexion of the o-stems. It never loses its d.

I Denmark : danair a tírib Danmarg, SR 2380 . la drong ṅdanar ṅDanmarg, LL 133 a 1 f.b. doratsat leo na dubgaill dar muir anall...Ernoll mac ríg Danmargg a toísech, ib. 159 a 16 ( SG ii 455. 32 ; cf. Folklore iii 472 ). Ernolb mac righ Danmarg, Dinds. 9 . BB 357 a 42 . Cnut mac Stáin rí Saxan ┐ Danmarg déc, Tig. 1031 ( RC xvii 372. 8 ). im inis Danmarg im Hérind, RC xiv 406 § 14. 5 (LL). Sémus 3 reṁráite ba hí a bhen .i. Mairgréd inghen Cristain i righ Danmarg Suiden ┐ Ioruaighe, MacFirb. 423 i. Sémus, 6 R . Alban remráite ba hí a ben Anna inghen Fredric 2 rígh Danmarg, ib. 423 j .

II The Danes : Danmairg Átha Cliath...dibergaig laechraid Lochland...romarbsat Brian Boroma, BB 50 b 40 . do díchur Danmarg na tres, Fen. 238. 3 (cf. Cog. 12. 4 ). Brodar toíseach na nDanmarcc ┐ bá héisidhe romarbh Brian, AFM ii 776. 6 .—Obs.

2 dérfadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dérfadach or dil.ie/15623

adj o, ā. (dér) weeping, tearful: ba bronach dubach derfadach . . . inn imirci sin (sic leg.), Aen. 58 . ba bronach, dubach, derfadach Anna don gnim sin, 929 . ba minic gruadha . . . go fliuch derfadhach, Cog. 42.20 .

díthim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díthim or dil.ie/16872
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: díthim, díthim

n, n. vn. of di-tuit Ériu xx 87 . act of lapsing, becoming forfeit; forfeiture: géill dithma forfeited hostages, Críth G. 596 . diles dano athgabal agar ma diroth here[t] a dithme the period after which it is forfeit, ZCP xiii 23.33 , see Bürgschaft 12 § 38 . ar na anna nech do dithim gill a coimded dar a cenn, Laws v 378.4 . Used in technical sense in connexion with the process of athgabál, of the period of time (respite) during which the pledge is in the pound of the creditor but is no longer the property of the debtor. The gradual forfeiting of the pledge then begins (díthim); the actual forfeiture being called lobad. See Bürgschaft 12 § 38 . aimsera a dithma .i. lobad na cend (i.e. at the end of the period of díthim actual forfeiture takes place), Laws i 210.29 , 212.11 Comm. cuic seoit i lobud cacha hathgabala . . . noch fil tri seota cacha tratha ro follaigther co aurlaind a dithma, 102.8 ; v 404.23 . ni ro techtsad . . . anta na dithmanda acht dithim n-aoine nama, i 262.25 . fofuiriut anta ┐ dithmunn, ii 104.19 . direnar dia dechmaide iar n-a inbuid díthma, v 398.13 . dithim treisi for cach nathgabail, i 222.25 .

do-sluindi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-sluindi or dil.ie/18466
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: disluindi, dosluindi, díltai, disluindet, dosluindet, derlind, ndíltad, dorusluind, durusluind, do-d-rolluind, dorusluindset, doríltiset, dosloinnter, dosluindfider, diultaidi, diúltad, diúlt-, dílt-

v (* di-sluind-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 632 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. disluindi, Ml. 44b12 , 50b1 . dosluindi, Wb. 6c13 . ní díltai , Sg. 201b10 . 3 pl. disluindet, Wb. 13b18 . dosluindet, 30a20 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arna derlind , Wb. 10c14 . Impf. 3 s. ara ndíltad , Wb. 17d11 . Perf. 3 s. dorusluind, Ml. 58a11 . durusluind, 93c8 . do-d-rolluind, Tur. 118 . 3 pl. dorusluindset, Ml. 90rb7 . doríltiset, Wb. 5c11 , 25b13 (back-formation from prot. forms). Pass. pres. s. dosloinnter, O'Dav. 826 . Fut. s. dosluindfider, Wb. 28c14 . Vbl. of necess. diultaidi, Trip.² 898 . Vn. diúltad. In later lang. as simple vb. with stem diúlt-, dílt-. See also diúltaigid.

(a) denies (i.e. refuses to believe): gl. negare, Ml. 93c8 ; scandalizare (offend, cause to stumble, i.e. cause to deny the faith), Wb. 6c14 , 10c14 , 17d11 , cf. Tur. 118 . arna derlind .i. arna rimfolṅgar díltod do, Wb. 10c14 . ar díltud ata .in. `in-' is for negation, Sg. 95a4 . diultaid an fhírinde, PH 724 . mani diúltat a nDúileamain, Ériu i 219 . doríltiset som et rochrochsat Crist, Wb. 5c11 . donaib hí dosluindet hesseirge, 30a20 . ní diltai in cetbuid nísiu does not deny this opinion, Sg. 201b10 . dorusluindset són remdéicsin dæ du buith dúb they had denied that there was any providence for them, Ml. 90b17 . Used absolutely: rodíultai Bresal ┐ romallach Pátraic, Trip.² 2065 . is and radiult Petar, Ériu iii 116 . diultais Petar co a luigi, PH 3184 . Folld. by obj. clause with neg. conjunction: dia rodiult Petur co bras | nad rabe 'n-a muinteras when P. denied that he had been, SR 7747 . ag a dhiúltadh nach aon rug Macha acht dias, Keat. ii 2426 . muna ndiúlta sibh . . . nach é Torna as bharanta unless you deny that T. is guarantee, Content. xvi 21 ; cf. 23 .

(b) denies, i.e. rejects, renounces: rodiultsat a nDia ṅdil, SR 2685 . an ben diultus a fer fein ar gradh fir ele, 3 B 22, 14b10 . an nemhann trér dhiult duine | sealbh a thoiced ttalmhaidhe, Ó Héodhusa 3 . rodiultsat ┐ rodilsigset tu-sa don turus-sa, MR 296 . an cloch do dhiúltadar na saoir, Psalms cxviii 22 . ailimse gurab í th'fhairchesa cét-fhairche dhiultfaidear a nEirinn, SG 69 . ar ndiultad an tsaoghail dó féin after he had renounced the world, Ériu i 94 .

(c) refuses (a request, gift, etc.) with AR or DO of pers.: is ed insin dorosloinn íc n-erum-sa, ised insin dorosluind cainchomrac ar mu chnamaib-se that denied healing to me . . . that denied peace to my bones, Ml. 58a11 . nocho rodiultus ar na bochtaib in ní conatchitis form, PH 6031 . inné in talam diultfas a fās ┐ a ith?, CCath. 1021 . do bhadus . . . re merrdrechus coidcind ┐ nir diultus me fein do neoch, Lib. Flav. ii 43rb34 . comairghe dhaoibh ní dhiultfainn, Content. viii 29 . in tan diultar in fual, 3 C 19, 204va1 . Declines: du-s-rad eochracha in baile go hUa Ne[i]ll. Diultaiss Ó N. na heochracha, Fl. Earls 44 . Rarely with accus. of pers. and prep. of thing refused: mairg do diult rena dathad | derbráthair a degathar alas that she refused to give it to her noble father's brother, Metr. Dinds. iii 58 . níor diúltadh riamh i nEamhain | éinneach um dhuais, Content. xxviii 53 . Folld. by vn. phrase refuses (to do something): ní obann nó ní diultann neach do ditan ar bās, Laws iv 236 . ní diultab-sa . . . mo bith cristaide I will not refuse to be a Christian, Anecd. iii 73 . ris an nglóir do dhiúlt se roimhe d' ḟaigsin which he had refused to see, TSh. 2048 . gach duine do diúltas éisteacht ris an eaglais, Donlevy 114 . do dhiult seision ithe, 2 Samuel xiii 9 . do dhiultadar imtheacht iona dhligheadh, Psalms lxxviii 10 .

(d) Intrans. with prep. DO denies, renounces, rejects: isee ar ndiltuth dunn fanissin, mani cometsam de ar tolaib this is our denial of ourselves, Cambr. 37c ( Thes. ii 245.7 ). ro diúlt a athair di ┐ nir leic cuci hí, LU 3185 . diultaim-si dóibhsin (i.e. heathen gods), ZCP vi 88 . rodiult [Sir G.] don ingin refused (in marriage), 83 . Maolruanadh . . . do dhiultadh do'n tsaoghal, Ériu i 104 . madh é in tighearna dhiultus don bhuanna fa gan a fhostad i n-athráithe (sic leg.) (Hugh O'Neill's procl.), Ulster Journ. of Arch. vi 60.4 . gur dhiúlt sé d'áineas an tsaoghail, TSh. 411 . ionnus go ndiúltfamaois . . . d'ar dtoil ┐ d'ar gclaontaibh, Donlevy 146 . mairg dhiúltas d'inghin Anna , A. Ó Dálaigh l 1 .

With FOR: diultud for ríg n-angel n-uag, | ba mór in gnim don morsluag, SR 4117 . troiscid ar na manc[h]aibh | diultfaid for ind ecclais who renounce the church (disobey?), ZCP x 44 = BNnÉ 309 .

With FRI: nā diultaidh frim-sa, RC xiv 40 . coru díultai fri Pátraic imma fleid he would not invite P. to his feast, Trip.² 2179 . do diultsat fre P. immon bhfleidh, Lism. L. 407 . rodiultsat fir hÉrenn fria filedu, RC xx 42 . Bres . . . do dhiult frisin tí ba glice bēl i ndErind .i. an t-ardollamh Cairpre, Leb. Gab.(i) 158 n. 5 . nír diult Dia fri ndeirc nduine, Hy Maine 119a . radiult Lamidóin riu a purt na Tróe turned them away from, LL 222a39 ( TTr. 375 ). mhic Eoghain nar dhiult re dáimh who never refused hospitality to poet-band, Ériu v 86 . no condiultat tall rem' dāim, Fen. 220 . Note also: nior dhuilt (leg. dhiult) Fionn roimh nech, Rel. Celt. i 139 . do ṡeirc Dé nár díltar róm, IGT Verbs ex. 891 .

1 do-tuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-tuit or dil.ie/18533
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tuit, dotuit, dothuit, dufuit, fora-tuit-som, dotuitet, dofuitet, dofuittet, tutet, dofuited, dofutitis, nothuititis, dorothuus-[s]a, co táthais, do-foth, día toth, arna-tta, torthissem, dotodsat, todsat, torthaiset, torchror-sa, dotodsinn, -faetsath, dorótsad, dorodsad, condo[d]sitis, dofoethus, dofoethus-[s]a, do-faethus-sa, tōithus, toethus, dofáithais, dafaethais, táithis, condoethais, taethais, dotóeth, dofóeth, dofaeth, dofaeth, tāith, thaeth, toeth, thóitis, tartais, taethais, dofaethsaid, taethaisti, dothoetsat, dofoethsat, dofaethsat, do-thaethsat, dofaesat, toethsat, inid-toetsat, dofaethsaind, dofaithesté-su, dofaethaisté-su, dofáithsad, dofaethsad, dofoetsat, tóethsad, toetsad, taethsad, thoithsad, táetsatais, taetsaitis, toethsitís, tōitsitis, torchar, torchair, torchar, docer, dacer, doceir, docair, tocair, dicer, dochear, dorochair, dorochoir, tarrochair, torchar, torchar, torchair, condorchair, trochair, dorochrobair, docertar, docerddatar, diceratar, doceradur, dorochratar, torchartar, con-torchratar, torcratar, con-drochradur, docersat, dorochairset, torchuirsit, dororchair, drorcradatar, drorcradar, do-ciuchratar, do-certar, docher, torchair, atorchair, drochair, itorchair, totuiter, tuiter, tuitim, tuit-, toit-, tuit, car-toit, rotuitset, bhacear, focera, rafoethus, rafaethais, rofaeth, rofaethsaind, rofaitsad, rofaethsad, taeth-, faeth-, taethur-sa, thaethad, taethfaid, taethfaid, taothfadh, do-aothfadh, rothaith, rothóeth, taethsat, thaethsadar, thaetsadar, faoithfead, faothfas, fāidhfit, do-faeth, dofoeth, dofuithebsa, chear, docearadh, chear, concearadar, torcrad

v (* to-tuit-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 656 , see Bergin, Ériu x 193 , GOI § 543 ). Ipv. 2 s. ná tuit , Imr. Brain § 30 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dotuit, Sg. 71a9 . dothuit, Wb. 4d15 . dufuit, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii § 4). dofuit, TBC-I¹ 738 , 3001 ; Trip.² 1292 , etc. fora-tuit-som, Wb. 4d15 . 3 pl. dotuitet, O'Dav. 738 . dofuitet, TBC-I¹ 2127 , 2952 . dofuittet, LL 246b45 . nad tutet , Sg. 50a7 . Impf. 3 s. intan dofuited , BB 368b39 . 3 pl. dofutitis, LU 9403 . nothuititis, TBC-I¹ 1417 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. (with -ro-) dorothuus-[s]a, Ml. 23c23 . 2 s. co táthais, TBC-LL¹ 1836 (so Ped.; from do-autat, Wind.). 3 s. do-foth, CB 164 § 45 gl. 1 . día toth, Bechbretha 68 § 30, 134 § 34 n. arna-tta, Mon. Tall. 159.35 . 1 pl. (with -ro-) na torthissem , Wb. 32c16 . 3 pl. dotodsat, Ml. 124d12 . arna todsat , 118a12 . (With -ro-) arna torthaiset , Críth G. 303 . With stem do-cer-: 1 s. dep. co torchror-sa , SR 1533 . Impf. 1 s. dotodsinn, Ml. 131b7 . 3 s. -faetsath, BDD² 792 . (With -ro-) dorótsad, LU 4870 = dorodsad, TBC-I¹ 382 . 3 pl. condo[d]sitis. Wb. 5b11 .

In Mid.Ir. the fut. and cond. are generally used in place of subj. Fut. 1 s. dofoethus, LB 126b33 . dofoethus-[s]a, Rawl. 142a48 . cia do-faethus-sa , RC xiii 8.14 . conna tōithus , xxiii 316 . toethus, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . 2 s. dofáithais, TTr.² 757 . dafaethais, CRR § 54 . co táithis , TBC-I¹ 1619 LU = condoethais, YBL. dia taethais , Aen. 2923 . 3 s. dotóeth, Thes. ii 248.8 . dofóeth, LU 9877 . dofaeth, LL 13973 . dofaeth, Laws i 142.2 . co tāith , Goid. 105.3 ( teth, 5 ). meni thaeth , CRR § 5 . ní toeth , RC x 64 . cia thóitis (rel.), Acall. 6880 . ( taetais, ZCP v 524.11 = tartais, Ériu xii 146 . ) taethais, Cog. 92.11 . 2 pl. dofaethsaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.21 . taethaisti, Anecd. iii 72 . 3 pl. dothoetsat, LL 249a40 . dofoethsat, SR 8289 . dofaethsat, TTr.² 544 , 757 ; AFM ii 1158 (poem). do-thaethsat, BDD² 698 . dofaesat, LL 146b30 . toethsat (absol.), SR 8161 . inid-toetsat, LL 292a29 . Condit. 1 s. dofaethsaind, TTr.² 316 . 3 s. dofaithesté-su, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . dofaethaisté-su, 4331 . 3 s. dofáithsad, LL 13999 . dofaethsad, 52 ; TBC-I¹ 1514 , 2434 . dofoetsat, -sad, TBC-I¹ 1091 , 1251 (LU). ní tóethsad , 1857 LU. co toetsad , 2933 . co taethsad , Fél.² lxxv 29 ; TBC-I¹ 2482 . mani thoithsad , TTr.² 1171 . 3 pl. arna táetsatais , Anecd. i 75.16 . co taetsaitis , TBC-LL¹ 2819 . ni toethsitís , TBC-I¹ 1858 LU. arna tōitsitis , Mon. Tall. 157.32 .

Pret. and perf. (from *to-cer-) 1 s. co torchar , Trip.² 1435 . 2 s. hi torchair (-i- faint in MS.), LU 6039 . co torchar , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.10 . 3 s. docer, Thes. i 493.26 ( Tur. 131 ). dacer, 29 . doceir, LL 274 , 1333 . docair, ACL iii 340 § 36 . tocair, Ériu ii 16.15 . dicer, viii 178.5 . dochear, AU 516 . dorochair, Thes. i 485.27 ( Tur. 19 ); Sg. 29a8 ; SR ; TBC-I¹ , etc. dorochoir, Thes. ii 236.27 . tarrochair, TBC-I¹ 1570 LU. anna torchar , Ml. 34c14 . i torchar , TBC-I¹ 2953 . co torchair , SR 6398 , cf. 5401 , 585 ; TBC-I¹ passim . condorchair, Ériu v 242.159 . i trochair (with metath.), Anecd. iii 61 . 2 pl. dorochrobair, SR 3608 . 3 pl. docertar, TBC-I¹ 2925 . docerddatar, LL 299b9 ( RC xiii 50 ). diceratar, Ériu viii 178 . doceradur, Lec. 203a17 . dorochratar, Ml. 36d13 . con torchartar , Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 262.1 ). con-torchratar, Ml. 48c28 . i torcratar , AU 833 . con-drochradur, ZCP viii 540.30 . Later with s-forms: docersat, LL 182b39 ; Rawl. 82b36 . dorochairset, Lec. 62a1 . torchuirsit, Fianaig. 92.6 . With doubling of -ro-, dororchair, ZCP i 103 . 15 ; ITS v 78 . drorcradatar, drorcradar, Celt. Rev. iv 16.2 , 9 . do-ciuchratar they fell, LU 4392 seems a contamination of do-certar and fut. stem of fo-ceird, cf. fochiuchra, 4583 ( TBC-I¹ 76 ). Forms docher and torchair continue in use to beginning of Mod.Ir. (Keating, FM) in sense was killed ; oft. with pref. ad-: atorchair (atrochair, drochair). itorchair, Ériu v 222.36 .

Pass. pres. s. totuiter, Sg. 71a14 . hi tuiter , 71a11 , cf. 12 , 13 .

Vn. tuitim.

Later treated as a simple vb. with stem tuit-, toit-: ro tuit , Mon. Tall. 157.10 . car-toit, LL 138b30 , pl. rotuitset (-etar, -setar).

Irregular forms.

(a) In LL do- is replaced by fo- in pret. 3 s. bhacear, TBC-LL¹ 4052 . focera, 1443 ; by ro- freq. in fut. and cond. forms with f: 1 s. rafoethus, TBC-LL¹ 4597 . 2 s. rafaethais, 3485 . 3 s. rofaeth, SG 384.7 (LL). Cond. 1 s. rofaethsaind, BB 422a39 . 3 s. rofaitsad, LL 166a53 . rofaethsad, TTebe 2852 .

(b) The fut. stem taeth- (toeth-) and occas. faeth- are somet. used as general stem of vb.: acht co taethur-sa , LB 112a20 . min thaethad , Lec. 421b43 . taethfaid, MR ( FDG 63 ). taethfaid, RC xxiv 282 . taothfadh, CRR 98.7 . do-aothfadh, ZCP x 288.7 . rothaith, Leb. Gab.(i) 98 . rothóeth, RC xiv 62 § 76 . cor taethsat , CCath. 133 ( cor thaethsadar , Todd Nenn. 46.7 , leg. thaetsadar and see do-tét). faoithfead, ML 100.17 . faothfas, 120.25 . ? fāidhfit, Cog. 92.10 . do-faeth he fell, Fen. 406 . dofoeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.35 . mun tí taoth 'about the one who has fallen' IGT Verbs § 21 (192.252) , Fil Súil nGlais 47 . nochor taeth, IGT Metr. faults § 25 . taeth fothannán ard dáenbhuille, Fil Súil nGlais 50 § 15 . Cf. also dofuithebsa, Ériu v 240.148 .

(c) The pret. root cer- also appears independently in a few cases in late texts: ó chear , Ó Bruad. i 102 (pret. pass. docearadh, 204 ). níor chear , A. Ó Dálaigh lv 24 . concearadar, Lec. 276a13 .

See IGT Verbs §§ 21 , 79 .

Falls ; gl. Lat. cadere, Sg. 71a9 ; concidere, Ml. 48c28 ; dēcidere, 23c23 ; corruere, 34c4 .

(a) In lit. sense: docer in biail dia samthig issam-muir, Tur. 131 . co torchair-seom isa cend, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . co torchair ina ligi, TBC-I¹ 1196 . co torchair a etach ṅde, 1202 . rotuit in tenid he fell into the fire, Mon. Tall. 157 (§ 72) . do mod ernaight[h]e co taothsad do déra, ZCP iii 30 . attaig Deain co tāith in tempul . . . guidfet-sa Crist co rotuite, Goid. 105 . dia teth tempul Deane erumsa, ib. da taet lindi tigi na Tebi if the houses of Thebes fall by our efforts, TTebe 2592 . ó atbath mac Eogain . . . dofaethsat cella Connacht, SG 65 . omna dorochair i Fidgable forsin chonair, Hy. v 69 Comm. mar cnái cáich tuitis do chronn, ZCP ix 486 . mad a n-aimser mesa, dothuite[d] mes in tire i n-aon aidche used to fall (from the trees), Laws i 24 . dorochair a claideb al-lāim Conculainn, RC iii 182 . rothuitsetar ar n-airm as ar lamaib, TTebe 1990 . dofuit sís . . . trethan tromm, SR 8113 . ce dofāidsad snāthat for lār in taige, Ériu iv 30 . dofuititis écne móra asin tsruth anuas for talmain, RC x 58 . dorochradar a cuirp i fudomain in mara, CCath. 2122 . tuitfeamaoid ré fánaidh amhail na huisgeadha, TSh. 49 . indar lat dofoethsad an talam fo cossaib, TTr.² 1846 . co taeth nemh dochum talmhan, Aen. 2966 . dia taethsad nem for an lár, BColm. 70 . Of fig. motion: tocair menma ōm t[h]uathaib | isin iat[h] i nIrlūachair my mind has fallen away from my people to the meadow, Ériu ii 16 . nach bág forsa torchair mo menmae, Fél. Ep. 361 . Of gramm. case (to transl. cadere): lase dotuit ind ainmnid, Sg. 71a9 . Falls out: dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn, Thes. ii 248 . caillech agar tuitidar a fiacla, 23 P 10, 100.x . ma tuit an findfad le gēri an galair, 61.26 .

(b) Transf. falls, abates, subsides: arnatta do saogal, ni do tórmuch forsind fitt teirc sin so that thy life fail not, Mon. Tall. 159 . rotuit in cath leth ar leth the battle subsided on both sides, CCath. 2216 . da mad toraib rotuited clothgnima Conaill gan congbháil, MR 150 . o toirmisc na hoileamna tuitid na baill ┐ tic an ḟpairilis the limbs give way (?), 23 P 10, 24b34 . da duite an bríg tochlaitheach if the appetite fails, 147rb16 .

(c) Esp. falls, perishes, is killed; usually but not exclusively of death in battle, oft. with LA of agent: cath Findas i trochair Fiachra, Anecd. iii 61 . dofaoth an t-saoi is in daoi bonn fri bonn, Cog. 204 . taethfaid uili, fer, meic mnā | a ndigail in lechta-sa, RC xxiv 282 . at ē sin rīga docersad isin chath sin, Todd Nenn. 52 . go ndrochair gach damhna glan | do sgothaibh calma Cruachan, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170 . cia thoitis don chlaidim? who will fall by the sword? Acall. 6880 . dofaeth rí din gāi sin, RC iii 178 . co rothérna indiu Molling, | ní thaeth do rinn ná d'faebur, SG 388 . cia dorochair Congal caech | mōr laech adrochair da rind, Ériu v 244 . dothuit fer cach lái leis, TBC-I¹ 1367 . docer la Meidb dā fer dēac dīib, 2903 . meni thaeth Ailill is Medb lemsa, CRR 5 . deimhnigh-si lat . . . co taet-som lium-sa cia dofaethur-sa laisim, RC xiii 8 . connā tōithus la fianna that I may not fall by the F., RC xxiii 316 . toitfet-sa leo nō buaidheochad forra, ZCP vi 34 . ní tarla fris riam trēn nā taetsat leis, Ériu v 152 . Dubh ┐ Finn . . . torchradar le hEoganacht, ZCP viii 119 . dororchair linne an biodhbha, ITS v 78 . dona cathaib a ndrochradar ┐ dona rīgaib ler' thoitsead, Lec. 575b10 . adeir . . . cor-thoit Eochaid Dala re Tindi, 352a36 . deich míli mora . . . dorochratar oc Dauíd fell by David, SR 5912 . mac Máil 'car toit Tuathal, LL 138b30 = rer-thoit, Lec. 398b30 . dofóeth Eógan már do láim Beinne, PRIA xix 534 ( LU 9877 ). torchratar . . . do láim Láegaire, Fianaig. 92 . gia dofaithesté-su dá lámaib, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . ba hind docersat a maic for that (deed) his sons perished, LL 146a18 . acht co torchror-sa . . . im' chinaid, im' tharimthecht, SR 1533 = acht co taethur-sa, LB (wrongly expanded taethairsa, MacCarthy 62 ). dofuitt di daigir he shall perish by lightning, ZCP xii 237 . gurab do chuma a mic torchair he died of grief, ALC ii 392 . il-Letha dorochair mo Chellóc died, Fél. Mar. 26 . congab i nDomnach F. ┐ bái and con-torcratar trí fichit fer leiss dia muintir till threescore men of his community had fallen there beside him, Trip. 190 = torchartar, Trip.² 2239 ( Thes. ii 242 ). tám thend | i torchair ár fer nhErend, MacCarthy 158 . arna toitsitis an aes pende, Mon. Tall. 157 .

(d) In theol. sense of transgression: i ndithrub parduis dorochair Adam: i ndíthrub in domuin dano asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . dotoith fēin gu n-a sil annsin (of Eve), Lib. Flav. ii 4va13 .

(e) Of fig. relations falls (into a state, under a rubric, etc.): na torthissem i n-apthin, Wb. 32c16 . dorochair a gnuisi a toirrsi ┐ i nduba (= concidit vultus eius, Gen. iv 5 ), Lec. 530b49 . rotoit bantigerna i lubra galair, RC x 186 . na dāine noch dotoit a teas imurcrach who become over-heated, 23 F 19, 27vb32 . dorochrobair for cinaid ye have fallen into sin, SR 3608 . ná tuit fri lige lesce, Imr. Brain § 30 . bid hí Silend táeth don tur that shall run dry (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . inna hí nad tutet isna gnúsi remeperthai that do not fall into the species aforesaid, Sg. 50a7 . dorochair i ndílsi di it has fallen into propriety to her (i.e. become her special name), 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsita do, Hib. Min. 168 . dorochratar uile i ndilse, Laws iv 178 .

(f) falls (to the lot, share, etc., of) with dat. infd. pron.: di chor cruinn dacer dul issam-muir the lot fell to him to go into the sea, Tur. 132 . Usually with DO (less oft. CO, OC): dofaeth in corp . . . marb coem do chill Cromglaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . docer a forbba dia flaith, Rawl. 119b18 . dorochair . . . do Bricriu dénam na flede, IT ii2 173 . focerdar crann . . . dūs cia dīb dototh bidba do tabairt to which of them the guilty party should be given, Laws iv 102 Comm. dorochair doridise na Lée . . . do chlannaib Néill, SG ii 471 . Inis Eoghain . . . dorochair co Cenel cConaill ó chéin mháir, Hugh Roe 232 . dothuiteadar na comhairthadha chugam-sa a n-ionadaibh taithneamhacha the lines have fallen unto me, Psalms xvi 6 . co ndorchair ic MacErca in ingen, BB 208b19 . rotuit an ferand agan ecclais osin alle, BNnÉ 315 § 8 .

(g) With FOR falls upon, comes upon; devolves on: ní toeth (thaed, v.l.) aess foraib age will not fall upon you, RC x 64 . torchair cotlud forsin slóg, LU 3274 ( SCC § 7 ). atrochair a shuantoirrthim codluta fair, CCath. 1451 . dororchair lupra ┐ trūaigi for Conall, ZCP i 103 . do thuit úathbás dorchaduis mhóir air, Gen. xv 12 . do thuitsedar taisi ┐ tāimnēlla bāis air, CF 341 . bedidh leth-lān ngell dotuit for cāch, Laws ii 136 . athgabail fir for a tuit rōi on whom falls the obligation of fighting a duel-ordeal (?), i 194 . do thuit trom na creach do chur don champa . . . air it fell to his lot to send . . ., Rel. Celt. ii 196 .

(h) falls, lapses, is forfeited or lost: (deut. forms given here could also be referred to 2 do-tuit), in Laws oft. with ó of loser: dotuitet cáire sheep are forfeited, O'Dav. 738 . ba de dochear magh Midhe, AU 516 (poem). taethais do ferann ar do anacul thy land shall be lost, ZCP v 524 (= tartais thou hast given, Ériu xii 146 ). co roícthur in cethruime dorochair isin fes which was forfeited for the feeding, Laws i 224 Comm. is uada tuitit na ba he forfeits the cows, 104 . dofuit athgabail (.i. dotuit athgabail ōn fir is cintuch), ii 18 . dorochair a cuitigh bunaid uaithe she forfeited her original share, 396 Comm. o docerr Aimairgin (.i. o dorochuir a raith a baile o A.), v 348 . atait a secht a tuit a eneclann ō cach seven things that deprive everyone of his honour-price, 368 .

(i) In impers. constr. in phrase do-tuit limm fair = that is my wish, object: is fair dofuit lemm-sa, ni reg-sa assin . . ., Trip.² 1293 = is fair d.¤ liúm-sa connā rag . . ., Anecd. iii 36 .

(j) Impers. forms in various senses: huare nád tuiter essib hi tuisliu aili there is no falling from them into other cases, Sg. 71a13 . cia thoiter do thentib ┐ grīsaib fair, ni fes tes ind though fires and embers fall upon it, Ériu ii 114 . Later as pass.: torcrad Mide dia n-echaib the men of M. were unhorsed, Ériu v 238 . gur torcrádh mac rígh na hE. gona mhuintir leo was slain by them, CF Eg. 306 . ar chuid Néill docearadh le cúngcasaibh who fell in course of victories, Ó Bruad. i 204 . na trí Findemnai . . . docertha iar ngliaidh glain | hi cath criaid fria n-athair, Lec. 52b23 .

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