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6 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 6 a or dil.ie/7
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á

conjunction, nasalizing and followed by nasalizing rel. clause when, while . Orig. neut. sg. of article, see GOI § 890 . With neg. an(n)ad: anataibrem, Wb. 15d25 . annád foirpret, Sg. 48b5 . With ro: ar(r)u, ar(r)o, anru: arocelebrus, Wb. 14d31 . arrucestaigser, Ml. 2d3 . Also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ).

In O.Ir. glosses usually in phrases glossing Latin participles: arocelebrus gl. ualefaciens, Wb. 14d31 . annongeiss cách gl. testificans, 30b4 . anataibrem do neuch gl. nemini dantes, 15d25 . a fortéitsi aém ref. to adiuuantibus, 14c3 . anambet ecailsi gl. non discutiendi `when they will not be to be examined', Ml. 15d7 . anas lie uilnech and Isu gl. superaedificati ipso summo angulari lapide . . ., Wb. 21c6 . arumsa loiscthe gl. adustus, Ml. 118d1 . a lléicfimme gl. relinquentes, 14d8 . arrucestaigser frisin nebride gl. cum Ebreo disputans, 2d3 . nad necmai andumenmarni gl. aestimantes, 15d5 . continuans .i. a comoicsider, Sg. 59a2 . andonaidbdem gl. ostendentes, 211a12 . an as suidigthe gl. positum, 4a11 . andocoisgedar ne comaccomol .s. gl. sequente, 15b4 . andonaithchuiredar .u. gl. redeunte `when u returns', 18b6 . ambas cete gl. cantato `when it shall have been sung', Thes. ii 17.34 . ( BCr. 32b5 ). anaslui grién foa fuined gl. occidente, 33b18 . andusleicet inna rind gl. residentibus `when the planets sink', 18b10 . Note also: conid gau dóibsem . . . anasberat nadṁbed ad plures , Sg. 40a15 . annád foirpret `when they do not increase', 48b5 .

With impf. indic. andummecitis gl. dispicientes, Ml. 34c6 . annumfindbad[a]igtisse gl. beatificantes, 39d14 . So also in Trip.: P. . . . anno cluined inna briathra sa dorothlaig . . ., Trip.² 118 . anno cníted . . . is éd ro ráde . . . = suspirans . . . ait, 405 . A Latinism, GOI § 519 (see also note p. 682, and Stokes, KZ xxix 376 ). Note also: ferais L. faelti fris . . . a n-asbert saying, LU 3430 .

In literary texts: a lluid fon loch con(f)aca[e] in muirdris, Ériu xvi 38 § 6 . mairg Ultu arro génair . . . in gormac, MU² 323 . fer dorigne sin amdar lana a .vi. bliadna, TBC-I¹ 543 . ar-roldatar (irroldatar, v.l.; leg. inróldatar, Immrama 86 § 2 ). fairggi fergaidh when they went on the angry sea, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.§ 2 . inba siu as . . . indbasi hée ┐ inuuisi ron, . . . inuaisi cú `when I was a deer', etc., ZCP ii 315.9 . a m-luidset co leth lenna `when they had got halfway across the sea', Dinds. 5 ( RC xv 294 ). a ronecam-[ni] do lesa, ACL iii 294 § 13 . a mbātar ann oc fledōl co cualatar ēigem na caillige, ZCP vii 306.5 . i n-bása isind ecclais so `when I was in this church', BNnÉ 93 § 203 . a mbuí ann, Stair Erc. 387 .

bliadain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bliadain or dil.ie/6133

 

Forms: blédin, -blédni, blédne, blíadhain, bliadna, ṁblíadnae

n ī, f. See GOI §§ 293 , 294 . n s. blédin, Imr. Brain 62. n pl. -blédni, ib. g pl. blédne (bliadna, v.l.), 55 . blíadhain, f., IGT Decl. § 10.

Year: annus .i. bliadain, O'Mulc. 845. hi cinn bliadna, Laws i 28.29 Comm. co cend .ix. ṁbliadan .i. nói mis fá noí (`the [native ?] year has nine months,' Contribb. 228 ), LL 319b3 . isin bliadin sin hi cuiretar salt gl. eo anno , Thes. ii 18.34 (BCr.). hi cach óenbliadin gl. annuatim, 27.38 (ibid.). ar ni tosceli argumint acht bliadni sláin `a whole year' (`was `b. slán' a technical term for a year without inter- calation ?' edd.), 18.32 (ibid.). o thosuch bliadne egiptacdae, 18.38 (ibid.). co cenn ṁbliadne `till the end of the year', 36.29 (Vienna Beda). coic bliadnai deac do tórmuch for saigul Ezechiae, Ml. 43d27 . teora bliadni frithriagla gl. anni tres `three irregular years', Thes. ii 17.35 (BCr.). tri fichtea bliadne, 238.17 (Ardm.). di bliadin re mbas dáu, 18 . maccān sē ṁblíadnae déac, 308.17 (Hy. ii). .lx. bliadan robo lan do P., 313.6 . bó cona timthuch cech 'la blíadnai . . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai (bliadain, MSS.) n-aili, Críth G. 266 , 267 . áes cetheora mblíadnae ndeec, 34 . dlom cóic ar thrib cóectaib / blíadnae, Fél. Aug. 7. ina .vii.-mad blīadain . . . intan ata lāna a .vii. mblīadna dēcc, TBC-I¹ 731 . cinn bliadna at the end of a year, Sc.M² 2. bliadain on ló cu céle, IT i 129 § 17 (TE Eg.). ó'n chind bliadna c'a chéile, CRR 11. Lagin oco dēnam bliadain lāin for a full year, Fing. R. 418. airthend da blíadan do thabairt dia n-echaib two years' (supply) of grass fodder, LU 8834 ( FB 63 ). tri míle bliadan . . . / da bliadain coicat noi cét, / co gein Meic Maire . . . o thús domain, LL 15424 - 5 ( Trip. 530 § 5 ). co bliadain ṁbáin / sechtmaide uate enair, 15430 (§ 6). in chet bliadhain iar n-gabail righe d'E., IT i 118 § 2 (TE Eg.). sé mis ┐ secht ṁbliadné (: ṅglé), SR 6564. cech lathi is cech bliadain, MacCarthy 60.6 . cethri cóic bliadna (fichi bliadan, v.l.), 212.1 . co cend teora mbliadan, PH 6628. da bliadain ria cessad Crist, 218 . di bliadain cóicat for cét, 1065 . bliadna robai-sium 'na mnai `for a year', TTebe 1625 . dobhí 'na fochair ris an mbliadain sin `during that year', RC xxix 138 § 57. isin cethramadh bliadhain do flaithus Laegaire, Laws i 4.18 . mucu gu secht mbliadnu fichet `to twenty-seven years', v 220.13 . gur caitheadh an bhliadhain-sin, DDána 120.21 . fiche bhliadhuin, O'Hara 331. ar fheadh dá fhichead bliadhan (: sgol), 430 . dá chéad bliaghoin (:iarruidh), 2246 . blíadhna do sháoghail = the years of thy life, Proverbs iv 10. ar feadh bliadhna, TSh. 385. táim a n-acharan daingion na mbliadhanta, ZCP v 212. 310 (Midn. Court). ? fuil carpait for bliadain (one of seven special cases of `bloodshed'), Laws v 362.17 .

In phrases: aṁbliadna is lé tuidecht d'indsaigi in tṡída so this year, Acall. 7206 = a mbliadna, SG 223.24 . anuraidh . . . i mbliadhna, O'Rah. 218.x. día bliadna `on that day year', Mon. Tall. 149.16 . ticed dia bliadna co Herind im degaid mad ail di a year from today, LU 10453 (Tochmarc Emire). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cecha bliadna every year, LU 3222 ( SCC 1 ). Lugnassad, luaid a hada / cecha bliadna ceinmara, Hib. Min. 49.12 . gacha bliadna, Ériu iii 150 § 1.

Attrib. g s. mac bliadna a year-old child, LU 9072 ( FB 82 ); mar chuimhniughadh bliadhna `yearly commemoration', Keat. i 220.13 . seirc ṁblíadnae ( a s.), Fraech 300 .

See bisech.

callann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. callann or dil.ie/8064

 

Forms: cailne, caille, calann, c., callainn

n ā, f. (Lat. kalendae) g s. cailne, caille. Also calann. d s. c.¤ (? leg. callainn), Atlantis iv 136.7 .

(a) calends, first day of month : caillné gl. calende, Ir. Gl. 336 . ? dliged rimae oc airli (?)kalne gl. kalendario, Sg. 181a8 . réim calne a series of calends, Fél. Prol. 306 . dá sé cáin calland, 324 . cen kalne, cen nona, cen idu ic Grecaib ┐ ic Egeptacdaib, Fél.² cxli 14 . Of person: is e in kalaind mís (of Moling), LL 305b27 ( SG 383.10 .) With names of particular months: i callaind enair, Fél. 1 Jan. calann Enair for Luan, Ann. Conn. 1224.1 . callainn mhái .i. aimser mhédaighthi in popail, Ériu xiii 68 § 91 . hi kallaind Auguist, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 312.20 ). Cf. gairthear Lúghnasadh do'n cheud lá do challain August, Keat. i 220.22 . Of seasons: a calainn geimrigh, ZCP x 51.33 .

Of New Year's Day: ón challaind co alaili `from one New Year's Day to another', Fél. Prol. 325 . ó challainn co hinit, Críth G. 335 . 384 . 400 . ? ael ┐ losat co calind riu, O'Curry 876 ( H 3.18, 393a ). itir challaind ┐ ined, O'Dav. 983 . caileann bliadhna cain comracach, Abbott-Gwynn 55.9 . bliadain bith-lan on callainn go cheile, BNnÉ 231 § 143 . lá Féile Coille New Year's Day, Eochairsg. 16.1 .

(b) In dating, following Latin model: príd kalde gl. pridie . . . kalendas, Sg. 220a1 . ó ocht calne apréile `the eighth day before the Kalends of April', Ériu iii 104 § 39 . i teirt cailne Mai miadaig, LL 17464 . in cindecim calne iūil (i.e. 17th June), BColm. 4.6 . an treas lá ccalluinn Dhesember `tertio Kalendas Decembris', Rial. S.F. 1592 . In explanations of Latin calendar: fétar callanna . . . an gach uile mí . . . d'faghbail dá curtar an cét calland annsa cét lá do'n mí, O'Gr. Cat. 297.3 . andsa mísi atá callanda na mísa cugad, 6. mí Ianuair etc. . . . nái kalanna dég innta . . . mí Mhart etc. . . . secht kalanna dég, 252.3 - 14 .

(c) annal, entry for a year (from use of Kl- at beginning of entries in annals): gach neach légfus . . . an challuinn siu `this year', AU iii 574.7 . is lomm inmembrum na cailne hísiu, ZCP viii 175.21 . léigim na secht kallanda sin seacham these seven years, TFrag. 6.12 . Also date of year: c.¤ anno domini sé bliadhna seachtmhoghad ar naoi gcéad, Ériu i 78.1 .

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . c.¤ comairle cuindrig muintire fri comairle comneirt, ‘a “head of counsel” who controls the household with advice of equal strength’, CL 240.3 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cenn comuirle ┐ adchomairc fer mBregh n-uile, 'chief counsellor and consultant of the men of all Brega', AU² 374.6 . in fer ba húasle ┐ ba mó rath issin túaith iss e ba cend comairle do chách, LL 118 . co tech ar cind comairle, ‘to our counsellor’s house’, Éigse vii 77 §11 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

ceta-bí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceta-bí or dil.ie/8870

 

Forms: cetabiinn, citambé, citambénn, citambetis, cétfaid, cétfanugud

v (ceta + subst. vb.) feels, perceives : nech cetabi o menmain . . . cumscugud, Ériu vii 168 § 14 . citabiat . . . in chnamai in fochaid gl. sentire, Ml. 22d7 . citabiat chlúasa gl. sensibilem aurium, Sg. 3a1 . cetabiinn gl. sapiebam, Wb. 12c8 . citambé gl. sapere, Ml. 36b1 . adascia citabé gl. persentiat, 68d15 . citambénn, 44c15 . citambetis, 29c13 . lase cita robasa `when I felt', 44b22 . aga catha cet a mba mescbaid (spoken by head of a dead warrior), Corm. Y 1018 (88.18).

Later forms: in gilla . . . anno cetfanad (see GOI 480 ), Trip.² 163 = sentiens, Lat. Lives 48 . Forms based on vn.: gor ob ead ro cetfaigestair chuige `imagined', MR 178.12 . ro cetfaidestair, 254.23 . tibis ┐ cetfaidis C. a gean . . . gáire `burst into a . . . fit of laughter', 294.5 .

Vn. cétfaid, cétfanugud.

cneitid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cneitid or dil.ie/9746

 

Forms: cneta(ig)id

v (cnet) also cneta(ig)id. groans, sighs; creaks (of things): car cinnas condricfam / in ar collaib cneittfem `shall we groan over corpses?' TBC-LL² 2971 . níra chneit ┐ níra géis ┐ níra gúais (leg. glúais?) in chomla, MU² 881 . anno cníted ┐ anno esed = suspirans et gemens, Trip.² 405 . do chrithnaigsetar a cuirp ┐ da cnedadar, YBL 149a49 . cnetaig (sic) ┐ iachtais in t-araid, FB 38 (Eg.). toirsigid ┐ cnetaigid, Laud 610 f. 30c (cited Plummer MS. notes). do chneadfadh i gcian `he would grieve for a long time', Ó Bruad. iii 122.11 .

do-airchain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airchain or dil.ie/17129
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: tirchanaid, tirchan, turchan, doaurchanaimm, doairchani, doerchain, ndunerchain, do-n-aurchain, dinaurchain, -tirchain, tirchan, tirchanaid, do-n-erchanat, terchanait, do-n-erchanad, nothercanad, doairchantais, doairchaintis, doaircaintis, tairchantais, notercantais, rotirchandais, do-d-ercachna, doairchechain, doaircechain, du-n-aircechainn, du-n-archechainn, doaurchechain, doerchachain, tairchechuin, danáircechnatar, doairrcechnatár, dofairchechnatar, tairchechnatar, toircechnatar, tarcechnatar, duerchanar, doarchet, doarcet, doarrchet, do-n-airchet, duaircet, -tarchet, tarrchet, -tairchet, cotairchet, tairrchet, taircheta, terchantu, tirchanta, tircantai, tairchetal

(*to-air-ro-can- or * to-air-fo-can-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 480 ). Later as simple vb. tirchanaid (ter-). Ipv. 2 s. tirchan, Lec. 616b35 . turchan, RC xiii 100 ( LL 305b3 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. doaurchanaimm gl. sagio, Sg. 60b12 . 2 s. doairchani, Airne F. 158 . tirchanæ, BDC 110.91 . 3 s. doerchain, Ml. 21a7 . a ndunerchain , 15d10 . do-n-aurchain, BCr. 33b11 . dinaurchain, 33c7 . -tirchain (rel.), Hib. Min. 10.321 . tirchan, Lec. 35b50 . tirchanaid, TFerbe 178 . issedh tirchanus, SG 78.z . 3 pl. do-n-erchanat, Ml. 19b11 . terchanait (rel.), LU 3785 ( SCC § 35 ). Impf. 3 s. do-n-erchanad, Ml. 54c24 . nothercanad, Thes. ii 331.29 . 3 pl. doairchantais, Trip.² 337 . doairchaintis, 326 = doaircaintis, ACL iii 12 . tairchantais (rel.), Hy. ii 19 . notercantais, Anecd. iii 32 . rotirchandais, Lib. Flav. i 29 va 6 . Fut. 3 s. do-d-ercachna (sic leg.), O'Curry 2463 ( Eg. 88, 37 ).

Pret. and perf. 3 s. doairchechain, Hib. Min. 3.85 . Anecd. v 28 . doaircechain, Laws i 16 . du-n-aircechainn, Ml. 64c22 . du-n-archechainn, ib.; 66c12 . doaurchechain, ZCP ix 487 . doerchachain, Trip.² 948 . tairchechuin, Wb. 4d8 . 3 pl. danáircechnatar, Tur. 6 . doairrcechnatár, O'Dav. 711 . dofairchechnatar, Trip.² 329 . nad tairchechnatar , Wb. 5a1 . do toircechnatar , Laws iii 30 . do tarcechnatar , (rothaircnatar, v.l.), Otia ii 94 .

Pass. pres. s. duerchanar (rel.), Ml. 111d4 . Pret. and perf. s. doarchet, Wb. 26a11 , 29c3 . doarcet, Otia ii 97 . doarrchet, Wb. 6d8 ; 5a16 . do-n-airchet, 13a36 . Ml. 35b9 . duaircet, 24d5 . -tarchet (rel.), Thes. ii 253 . tarrchet, Wb. 26d9 . -tairchet, 15a34 (cf. cotairchet, Trip.² 1781 used for pret. act.). tairrchet, Wb. 6d6 . pl. taircheta (rel.), Ml. 38c9 . Part. terchantu (d s n.), Ml. 24d6 . tirchanta (pl.), LB 133b15 . ? tircantai, CCath. 983 (perh. finite form 2 pl.). Vn. tairchetal.

Foretells, prophesies; transl. Lat. praedicere, Wb. 4d8 ; prophetare, Ml. 21a7 , 35b9 ; vaticinari, 54c24 ; portendere, BCr. 33b11 , c7 ; sagire, Sg. 60b12 . Folld. by accus. or subst. clause: dan-áircechnatar-som sacaird prophesied him (Christ), Thes. i 484 . doairchechain S. dō annī aridmbiad, Anecd. v 28 . ? r-a-thirchan Bec Mac Dē, Lism. L. 776 . is ē rotirchansat fāidhi, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 14 . cech terchital dun-airc[h]echainnsom, Ml. 64c22 . tinchitlidi doairchaintis trena ndraídecht . . . anno bíth ar chind doib, Trip.² 326 . Tuatha hÉrenn tairchantais dosnicfed sídḟlaith, Hy. ii 19 . dofairchechnatar . . donicfed faith, Trip.² 329 = Lat. Lives 2 . rothairchan co ticfaitís clerig, RC xiii 48 . turchan dūin . . . cia gēbas Laigniu, RC xiii 100 . briathra baidhbhe . . . ro thurcanais, MR 294.22 . aran tedmaim ro tircanad doib, AFM ii 952.13 . Intrans. (often with DE): doaircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, doairchechain do Christ, Hib. Min. 3.85 . cid dia tirchain fáitsinei inna psalm?, 10.321 . amal roterchan in fáth de, PH 5115 . cid tirchan (sic leg.) . . . in nél? portends , TFerbe 177 .

-fáith, -fáid, -faíd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -fáith, -fáid, -faíd or dil.ie/21212
Last Revised: 2013

 

v (? 3 s. perfective form of 2 fethid, GOI § 692 ) ro-f.¤ has gone, departed: snigid gaim, ro faith sam summer is gone LU 853 (= ro faed, RC xx 258 ). ro fáith (: ro scáich) cach recht `perished is every law' Metr. Dinds. i 28.5 . ro faith mo dín mo ditiu, AFM ii 576 (poem cited). innuraid .i. ... in anno ro faidh .i. in bliadain tairnic and, Corm. Y 783 (= ro faith, O'Mulc. 748 ). Cf. rofaoidh nó do chuaidh foram (gl. adamruaidh = atomruaidh, Lec. 4va37 ), Leb. Gab.(i) i 278 n. 3 . Pl. 3 rofadatar 'who have fallen away', Wb. 29 c 13 . mairg ro fathatar flathi fer 'woe that the princes of men have gone', LL ii 13848 , Celtica xxv 164 .

fo-áitbi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-áitbi or dil.ie/22352

 

Forms: faitfed, fó-atbi, fáitbestár, -be(d)

v ( fo-ad-tib-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 648 ) laughs, chuckles, smiles: imperf. adubairt P. anno faitfed (.i. gaire), Trip.² 229 (= arridens p. 12 n .). ACL iii 10 § 11 . pret. and perf. fó-atbi, Trip. 98.7 (= fóaitbi, 1096 ). amal foraitbi int Sarra ... in tan asrobrad frie o mberad macc as that Sarah laught when she had been told that she would bear a son Tur. 62 . fáitbestár LU 8131 ( FB 9 ). ro cháiestair ... ┐ ro fháitbhestair iar ttain, BNnÉ 12 § 10 . faiphtis gen gaire 'ná agaid, TTebe 3210 . With IMM, laughs at: fáithbid [leg. faítbhid] ... immbi (= deridebat eum Lat. Lives 53 . fáitbis ... in máthair imon córaid, PH 6625 . ro fháitbe impu, 1850 . fáibtis fear agá faigsin, IGT III ex. 785 (v.l. fáibhtis; faitfis. Decl. ex. 608 reads fáiltis). (Trans.) ro ḟaitbe ... in popul ... dásacht na foirni, Lat. Lives 92 . Vn. fáitbiud, -be(d), q.v.

gésca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gésca or dil.ie/25766

 

Forms: géscu, gésci

n io, m. d s. géscu, SR 6916 . n p. gésci, Wb. 5b29 . Imr. Brain § 3.

(a) a branch : gen. used of an inferior, or secondary, branch, smaller than a géc. gesca palmi, TTr. 248 ( LL 220b13 ), gésca ola-crand, PH 872 . do iarraidh in gesgdha ordha, Aen. 1276 . ar gésce (gesco v.l.), BDD § 38 . na glas-gesceda darach, CRR § 37 . Aen. 1547 . i ṅ-glaccaib ┐ gablaib ┐ géscaib, TBC-LL¹ 5030 . gésca pailme, CCC 1649.

(b) In B. na Filed by synecdoche a tree : assoid abhold trian lige ┐ ba gesco mor a cind septimo anno , RC xiii 222.42 .

(c) Fig. a ray (of the moon) : esca cid dodfeim | tan doceil nach ṅgesca ṅglan, SR 7918 . Hence : gesca ba hainm do shoillsi, Ff. 29.

(d) a branch in genealogy : genelaigi gesci, LU 3477 ( SCC § 25 ).

(e) Fig. of persons a scion, an offshoot (cf. géc) : (Naomh Caillin) in gescai torthach co clanuib subalach, Fen. 4 géscca d'iarsma glainchinidh, AFM vi 2264.5 . i 262.17 (poem).

(f) ? (Of cattle) the choice, the pick : nobered ... araile gesca (scoi v.l.) dina buaib, RC xxv 20.12 = gresce dia alum, 34.11 (Rawl.).

indile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indile or dil.ie/28420

 

Forms: indneilbhe, hindile, hinili, hinnile, indeile, n-inniledh, indilib, hindlibh, indile

n , f. Written indneilbhe, ZCP xiii 173.31 . g s. cecha hindile , Ériu iv 124.24 . n p. na hinili , TBC-LL¹ 1318. na hinnile , Laws iv 90.8 Comm. a p. indeile, BB 25a45 . g p. na n-inniledh , AFM iii 210.2 . d p. indilib, Laws v 192.8 Comm. a hindlibh , AFM i 90.7 . See indile, IGT Decl. § 180. Used in pl. and as collect.

property, possessions, hence and more frequently, cattle: innile .i. áirnéis, O'Cl. do cethruib .i. don (sic) inniluib, Laws i 298.y Comm. seoit .i. na scuithi .i. indile, v 496.12 Comm. (contrasted with sealba .i. feranda .i. tír, ib. 11 ). indili .i. indolis graece, augmentum .i. tormach, Corm. Y 766. amail nobit indili comadais cāich is di didiu dognītis na ferniu `now, whatever was the fitting property [?] of any one, it is thereof they used to make the garters' (tr. Corm. Tr. p. 72 ), Corm. Y 586. ba hilarda a indile, Fél.² lxi 36. `cissi indili ?' or Diarmait `secht lenti ... ocus secht n-delgi óir ocus tri minda óir,' Ir. MSS. Ser. i 176.10 . Perh. of land : cislir fogladh for cin gach cinta ... fair fádesin ┐ ... for innile do beo dile no do marb dile .i. tir ┐ marbseotu on (his) property in live stock or inanimate possessions ..., O'Curry 1595 (< 23 Q 6, p. 2b ). aithne bearur lat' i.¤ fadeisin `a deposit which is placed along with your own cattle,' or perhaps with your own property, Laws v 190.15 . cin as lugha oldas fadeisin, ícaidh dia i.¤ , iv 362.17 Comm. cid bias a mbuain a tuige do tigib na n-innili, O'D. 1696 (< H 5.15, p. 31b ). eigem do chur i.¤ a feraib `shouting for the purpose of driving cattle out of (fields of) grass,' Laws iii 250.18 Comm. isin foghail do niat na hinnile isin geimre, iv 90.8 Comm. do thabairt sét ocus i.¤ , ScM. § 2. cen innmas, cen innile, SR 6438. tan tanic in digail truag | for hinnilib na n-iltuath (of the cattle-plague), 2346 . táin do almaim ┐ indilib, LU 1890. cochit na inili imda imdaiscaire (of deer), TBC-LL¹ 1318. testa tarb do indilib Gargain, PH 6302. gach uile ghalar bhíos ar innilibh becca ┐ mora, Anecd. iii 6.6 . treabhadh is ann as innile, Dán Dé xvi 5. saidhbhreas díomhaoin do dhuine | innile gan aoghaire, DDána 121 § 4. donend dermar ┐ dith mor for indilib in hoc anno , Ann. Conn. 1407 § 17.

indile láin, indile lethe, indile aithgina ` cattle of full (-fine),' `cattle of half (-fine),' `cattle of restitution .' The exact meaning of these terms, used in the Lebar Aicle ( Laws iii 82 ff. ), is not clear. Compensation and restitution for injuries done by cattle were divided in certain proportions among the cattle belonging to these three groups. icait i.¤ lain tri ranna as ar dus, ocus tecait i cuibdius co hi.¤ leithi im tri randaib aile, ocus comicat etarru ; tecait i.¤ leithi co hi.¤ aithgina im an raind ata ar scath aithgina, ocus comicait eturru, Laws iii 336.z - 338.4 Comm.

míl indile a head of cattle: madh lat adgeinithar in miol innile no in sét, O'Curry 2287 (< Eg. 88, fo. 21c ). amail bit a di áraind a mmíl i.¤ , Ériu iv 152.18 . See also 1 míl.

lecc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lecc or dil.ie/29691
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: leac, lecmuig, lecmaid

n ā, f. leac, IGT Decl. § 158.

(a) flat slab of rock or stone (freq. quailfied by lomm), flagstone, paving-stone: forruim a choiss forsind leicc, Thes. ii 310.2 ( Hy. ii 8 ); glossed . . . forsin chloich, Thes. ii 310.19 . foaid for leicc luim, 315.6 ( Hy. ii 31 ). leacc cloiche uas a chind (of a saint in his cell), Fél. 246.28 . l.¤ .i. ar lēict[h]ir sīs ┐ sūas hí. Nō lē bīd secc, Corm. Y 831. ros dechraig dó for licc glain / cach luib, SR 1925 . lecca . . . tentidi for lár in muigi sin . . . con loiscfed oenl.¤ díb in domun uli, IT i 191.8 - 9 (FA LB). adba l.¤ ṅgér Ross na mBrocc, LL 298a36 . dogó . . . lecca, léiccis cráobha (of Colum Cille), ZCP viii 198 § 16 . ag íarraidh bhric . . . / fa lic, IGT Decl. ex. 2025 (prov.). ris an leic do bhí a bhruinne / Rí an chruinne dá reic rinne (i.e. He was prostrate?), Dán Dé vii 10 . rinn lasrach leice Ifrinn, DDána 10.41 . an bhruidhean nach cuirre cnoc / do tuigheadh nach luime leac was so roofed that no flagstone was smoother, 119.32 . ar n-iompódh leice móire . . . dochum dhoruis an túama, Matthew xxvii 60 . gusin leic gcoimhlethain mharmair for ar lēicedh corp S. Laurāis, Fl. Earls 194.18 . pabhal .i. leaca, Eg. Gl. 510. ? leac ubhuill, ITS v 160.24 (leaca, MS.). By extension of a metal covering: teg talman foí anís ┐ l.¤ imdaṅgen íarnaide fair-side, MU² 809. Fig. condaecmaing dar leic a hochta do Ecsi ilgradhaigh, Anecd. ii 54.1 . do ghoin an leic air mo lár, 23 G 24, 326.9 . ar leic luim an lóir-ghníomha, TSh. 829. Of stone tablets for writing on (but see Bergin, Ériu xii 217 ): dicetul na filedh .i. i lecaib `in inscriptions', Laws i 38.4 Comm . do scrib-sum iat a lecaib ┐ i tuiblib `slates', iii 88.16 Comm . anmanna dá threibh dhéag I. do sgríobhadh ar dhá leic—sé treabha ar gach leic dhíobh, TSh. 450. Confused with lia, q.v.: líog mhór mharmuir ag an slógh / bhí meádhachan na leice ortha anuas, Oss. iv 276.19 . an chuid aca bhí fán lic shíos, 21 . roscrib i taiblibh ┐ i llegaibh, Auraic. 44 = lecaiph, 2329 . Attrib. g s.: fochen Conall / cride licce, Sc.M² 15 .

With qual. g s.: beir let licc clochi . . . / co rucsa limm, licc n-aili, SR 1593 . daurthach bec . . . ┐ l.¤ cloiche ara belaib side, LL 287b43 .

(b) Of the bed-rock underlying earth or water: co ngeiltis a ḟér . . . co grian ┐ co leccaibh loma secha sís, ZCP v 501.2 . fogeltat eich C. fér co húir ┐ connici na lecga lomma, TBC-LL¹ 551 (= na clocha, TBC-I¹ 249 = LU 4735 ). cach inber . . . ba lecca lomma lántirma dara n-éis, MU² 274 . gus an leic ainmhín, aggairbh . . . os ur eassa ruaidh `rocky ford', AFM vi 2030.z .

(c) tombstone: fo leic na rīgh at reileic, Ériu ii 166.44 . a lec-sa leptha Gúaire, 164.21 , cf. 166.29 . gabais . . . lāidh oc in leicc amail no beith Fergus bēo ann, ACL iii 5.y . gnúis Derbfhorgaill fo licce leirg, Ériu v 212.103 . an leac farbh' éigin dheit dul (to Christ), Dán Dé xxviii 30 . mo chorpán fán lic, Keat. iii 1666 (cit.). leac, túma a sepulchre , Eg. Gl. 437.

(d) altar-stone: dufáid a l.¤ inna degaid hisin tailich sair, Trip.² 781 (= lapis altaris, Colgan, Trias Thaum. 130a ). foracaib Patraic fairend dia muntir occa licc i nDomnach Patraic, Trip.² 788 . ar gcur na haltóra ar uisge / . . . / tig an leac tre lár na mara, PBocht 10.46 .

(e) kneading-slab: bla cumaile lec ┐ losat, Laws iii 274.18 . in ní fora certaigenn a fuine . . . .i. a lec fuine, iv 10.23 Comm .

(f) l.¤ aigreta, l.¤ aigrid (later oidrid, oidre), l.¤ ega ice-floe, sheet of ice, ice : sruth snechta . . . co leccaib oigreta, IT i 191.31 (FA LB). geisidh lec uar aighreta / ag maidm tria gáir na Gairbe, Anecd. ii 24 § 10 . co ndechatar for leicc oíghridh a n-Inis Mochta, RC xvii 365.z (Tig.). aigh anacnata . . . go n-imthiaghdais . . . locha ┐ aibhne . . . arna lecaibh eagha, AFM iv 900.z . buinne lán do lic oighridh, IGT Decl. ex. 2024 . do fhás leac oighre . . . ar an sruth, Atlantis iv 142.z . blodh mór de leic-oighreadh, Eochairsg. 112.14 .

(g) In names of particular stones: tanic . . . for licc na ṅgíall i nEmain Macha, TBC-LL¹ 4725 (corresp. to Duma na ṅG., TBC-I¹ 2987. Cf. Dinds. 1 § 12 , § 13 ). Lec Patraic . . . .i. L.¤ Cathraigi fora n-ordnigtea na rig ic Caissel, Lat. Lives 55.8 . Raith guth aird, in baili adta Lec Patraic aniu, Laws i 2.4 Comm . ráncatar . . . conici in Licc . . . ca hainm na glasslicci móri seo? Lecc Commairt Chnáma sin . . . uair is furri brisfiter do chnáma-su, RC xiii 66 § 68. Of coronation stone at Tara (see also s.v. 1 lía): téid dá reic re taobh Teamhrach / Aodh Eanghach ag Leic Luighdhech, L. Cl. A. B. 71.4 . Cf. a Líg Luighdheach, 72.24 . do-gheibhthear a labhra ó leic Laoghaire, DDána 109.5 . ar Leic na Ríogh, Keat. iii 168.

(h) Meaning obscure in phr. Lecca Lis (Luigdech): leacht Conrúi hi Sleib Mis / lecht Lugdach fo leccaib leis (glossed: .i. e féin ro marb hi cumaid a mna), RC xxiii 319 § 10 = lecht Luighdech fo leccuib liss (glossed: .iii. lecca liss Luigdech .i. gress ┐ ruicci ┐ mebul), 324 § 10. mani betis Leca Luigdech Lis / eoin bic Baile rot betis, LL 18197 (= mainbad . . . , ZCP viii 107.6 glossed .i. ruici ┐ athis). Cu Chulaind do bith i n-iṅgnais / dirsan menbad leca lis, LL 14479 ( Ériu v 210.51 ). menbad leca lis Lugdach / lasa rumnad cach ṅderba / ba romoch ar n-étarba / fri mac na Tri Find Emna, LL 14480 ( Ériu v 210.52 ). ? Cf. .iii. bellum in hoc anno gesta uno, et possito ergense ecc leccam lias, AU 532 (i 44.12) . See lega.

Common in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

(i) l.¤ ós crú, name of a defect in horses: lec os cru, Laws iii 6.6 Comm . labram annso do bacaide coss deirid na n-ech .i. cnaimspedain . . . ┐ lec os crua, Celtica ii 52 § 20 (`ossification of the lateral cartilages', note).

Of stone in the kidney: l.¤ in árain gl. lapi[s] fulta, Ir. Gl. 246.

(j) Metaph. in Laws of something which is irreversible, `an act or deed which binds the persons indissolubly', O'Don. Suppl.; period of prescription(?) (but see Bergin, Ériu xii 217 ): is i cetna leac astuga (leg. astuda) cacha sealba, a lan logh; is i in leac aile, a hubairt ar anmain; is i in leac aile, a torind do flaith, Laws v 498.9 , 10 (i.e. the three `leca' that make binding (a transfer of) ownership are that its full value was paid for the property, that it was given as an offering to the Church for prayers for the dead, or that it had been marked out by the ruler). cetna leac .i. in cetna luige .i. ar is e in cetna ni amail lic, astus dilsi caca feraind . . . in leac aile .i. in luige aile . . . amail leic, 500.2 Comm . cisne tri leaca robaid nad fuaslaici dliged na fuigeall, na fasach, na fir n-aicnig? Eibirt nemda, . . . ; chis comdidean fria triar; sendliged forrsaide sine sencuimne, 450.1 Comm . ní bi lec robuich (sic) cach fuirech forécnech forcible detention does not constitute a lecc robuid, O'Curry 428 ( H 3.18, p. 233a ). duruth cét bliadain. ruthrod tri cóeccait bith .cc. robith .ccl. lecc .ccc. . . . ochtrach .dcccc., O'Curry 21 ( H 3.18 p. 9b ). ate a tri ro-suidiche (leg. -igthe) deimnigthe cach deirb-dilse do comed,—leac leanmanach, no chuir, no ratha inforais, Laws v 498.5 . leac leanmanach .i. leic (?lēic) leis a somaine ó bias amlaidh sin, O'D. 1340 ( E 3.5, p. 19 ).

COMPDS. With adj. ¤bán: assa lár l. `white-paven', Metr. Dinds. iv 82.27 (of Coire Breccáin). With subst. ¤cloch: in dorus ele . . . ┐ lathar (= lóthar) leccchloiche fair a stone trough, Mer. Uil. 226 . ¤aile fence of flat stones(?): ind leacaile apaidhe, IT iii 102 § 186 (but see EIS 238 ). ¤mag flag-strewn plain : mac in Leithdeirg don Lecmaig (: Bretnaig), ITS xxxix 176 § 27 (lechtmair, lecmuig, lecmaid, etc., v.ll.). See brath, bél.

muir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muir or dil.ie/32761
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: muir, ṁmuir, muir, mmuir, moro, mora, mara, mara, maro, more, muire, mure, mara, muir, muir, mhara, moir, muir, mara, muire, mara, marann, mara, marannaibh, muirinn, muir, mara, marai, muir-, mur-, mur-, muirágu, muirbretha, muirmhil, Muir, Murcon, Muirmhedho

n i, n. and m., later also f. O.Ir. forms: n s. muir, Thes. ii 47.31 ( Philarg. 83 ). (with art.) a ṁmuir mbrígach, Fél. Ep. 30. in muir , SR 287 , 3989 . a s. (with art.) issa mmuir , Thes. i 493.27 , 29 ( Tur. 131 ). g s. in moro , Ml. 81a4 , cf. 96c1 . mora, Sg. 94a3 . Thes. ii 290.5 ( Sg. 112 ). AU 769. in mara , Gild. Lor. 5. rith mara , SR 266. dochom maro , LU 5382 ( TBC-I¹ 906 ). fri more foimrim, IT ii1 182.2 ( YBL 116b47 ). a p. forsna muire , Ml. 126a4 . tarsna mure , 122a3 . In Mid.Ir. n p. mara (mora) is found. In later Mid.Ir. muir becomes fem. (already in LB 125b15 ; cf. also SR 287 : in muirlinn aili is i in muir , but possibly the gender of the pron. is that of muirlinn); in Mod.Ir. generally fem. (Keat.; but g s. an mhara , TSh. 103 , 10260 ). moir muir (m., g s. mara), IGT Dec. § 41 ; (f., g s. muire, mara) § 42 . In late lit. n -forms occur in oblique cases of pl.: g p. na marann , RC xxiv 371.28 (n p. mara, ib.), 378.10 (Rennes Tenga Bithnua). d p. marannaibh, ZCP vi 59.17 . Cf. torann-fadach na muirinn ┐ na n-uiscedha ` seas ', RC xxviii 312 § 8 (but see muirenn).

The sea in wide sense, both of sea as opposed to land and of particular tracts of ocean with special designations, occas. of inland seas; freq. used without art., esp. after prep. Gl. mare, Ml. 62c2 , Gild. Lor. 5 , Ir. Gl. 860 ; aequor, Philarg. 83 ( Thes. ii 47 , 362 ). muir i.e. a nomine mare (mara MS.), Corm. Y 913. nem uasaind ┐ talam ísaind ┐ m.¤ immaind immá cuard, TBC-LL¹ 4752. Dia . . . is e doroine nem ┐ talam ┐ m.¤ , PH 989. for m.¤ ┐ fairrge, 2080 . turcgeba in m.¤ mormoṅgach, SR 8105. m.¤ mílach, Fél. June 21 . in set dogabur itir nai tonna ┐ tir . . . in set dogabur arin m.¤ mor the high sea, Laws v 326.5 . i n-inis mara, IT i 75.4 . longa in mara, PH 7024. do treabaidh ais na muire `the back of the seas' (? sea), Leb. Gab.(i) i 36.11 . tonn fuar na muire mairbhe, Aisl. Tond. 104.8 . metither ra Fomóir na ra fer mara, TBC-LL¹ 3805 (the last four words are a gloss; merman? pirate?). i llán mara in the full tide, AU 769. in lān mara, Fl. Earls 20.17 . Cog. 190.20 . muc mara a porpoise (see muc(c)). do m.¤ by (on) land: do m.¤ is do t[h]ír, BColm. 102.10 . CCath. 2675. ac indrudh Muman do m.¤ ┐ do thir, RC xviii 49.24 (Tig.). pl. in distrib. sense: mara móra co n-ainbthinib, FA 30 = marai LB. ru reset inna muire ┐ inna locha, AU 821. fo lochaib ┐ lindaib ┐ muirib, Laws i 72.8 . tre ilmuire, Aen. 331.

Of particular seas: tri m.¤ robur the Red Sea , Ml. 82c8 , cf. 96c1 . See robur. Also called m.¤ ruad, PH 2823 (see rúad). muir Caisp the Caspian Sea , Leb. Gab.(i) i 16.19 . m.¤ n-Ichtt, IT i 39.18 (= mare Vectis, the English Channel ). dar m.¤ Torrian the Tyrrhene (Mediterranean) Sea , PH 570. i n-innsib Mara Torrian, Hy. ii 11. otha m.¤ Terren aniar conice m.¤ mairb from the Mediterranean to the Dead Sea, LB 125b14 . muir marb, 159a19 . isna crichaib borethaib i leith re muir tēcht the frozen (hyperborean) Sea, BB 492a13 (= tēchtmuir, Alex. 437 ); 487b9 . in Mhuir Técht the Dead Sea , Maund. 92. risin m.¤ tentide bo deis the fiery (torrid) sea (southern boundary of inhabited earth), BB 487b12 . for imlib mara Tibir the sea of Tiberias, LB 118b51 . i mm.¤ Thibriatis, PH 6716. an m.¤ Ponteca (= mare Ponticum), Auraic. 3343.

Transf. and fig.: m.¤ tened, FA 25. is m.¤ dar crichu a sea overflowing boundaries (of an invincible enemy), TBC-LL¹ 5395. is m.¤ dar múru, 5277 = is tond romara, TBC-I¹ 3214. bud m.¤ conbaidfea duib-si in buden sain a sea that will drown (you), 5578 . ? iarna sáethur gair-som | it é cen aes muir-som (mair-sium, mairson v.l.), Fél. Prol. 60 = it é muir-som cen aes they are a sea without age (cf. ler slúagdae, March 21 ), Thurneysen. m.¤ téachta déar d'fhuil, Ir. Monthly 1929, 596.32 . an mhuir-se na mailíse, TSh. 2068.

Compds. Before a non-palatal consonant in the second component muir- becomes mur- in Mid.Ir. and many stable compds. are treated separately under mur-.

A. With subst.: ¤ág(a)e m. sea-beach, coast (? sea-dyke)? d s. din muirágu , Thes. i 498.25 ( Ardm. 188b1 ), gl. de assole vel de Asson ( Acts xxvii. 13 ). A compd. of áge `pillar, prop'? ¤bolc (bolg) m. `a sea bag', inlet of the sea (see ZCP xi 192 , xii 305 ). As n.l.: in Muirbulc mar, Thes. i 280.42 (d s.). a mMurbulg, ZCP viii 218.5 . Dal Riati in Muirbuilgg, AU 730 (g s.). ac carraig Murbuilg, CRR 9. ¤bran m. a cormorant: gl. merges (= mergus), Sg. 55b9 . ¤breth f. a sea-judgement; (in pl.), maritime law . pl. muirbretha , Laws i 182.1 . diles i muirbrethaib, iii 422.1 . i murbrethaib, H 3.17 c. 656 ( O'D. 925 ). isna Muirbrethaib (name of a legal tract?), Corm. Y 539. ¤cengal m. ` sea-bond '; transf. of a chieftain a sea-compeller, sea-ruler? Muirceangal ua Domain Nuaill (.i. Maghnus o Domhnaill), ZCP v 486 § 10 (B. na f.). ¤coblach m. a sea-fleet; a naval expedition . muirchoblach, LU 9801 ( RC vi 165.22 ). tánic Nemed . . . a murchoblach cetheora barca .xxx., LU 1277 ( Imr. Brain ii 288 ). i mbraine muircoblaig, O'Mulc. 292. i murchoblaigib in fleets , Trip. 206.1 . fo clú . . . an murchoblaigh sin Golaim sea expedition, Leb. Gab.(i) i 232.8 . murchoblach la Colman . . . hi Soil ┐ i nIle, AFM i 204.7 . ¤choirthe castaway, shipwrecked person: for murchorthai, ZCP xiii 21.36 . eiric tar cend murcuirthi cin apu do righ, Laws v 182.9 . o murchuirthe codnach … o murchuirthe leithcuinn ┐ lethceille, Bretha 20 § 12.3 . ¤comrac m. a sea-fight: tíagait do muirchomruc forsind [ḟ]airrce, BDD 45. murcomrac forsin fairrgi etir Gallu ┐ Niall, RC xvii 361.15 (Tig.), cf. AFM ii 804.5 . ¤fecht a naval expedition or hosting: muirḟecht secht fichet long di muinntir righ Gall, AU 848 = muirfheacht, AFM i 476.19 . See muiriucht. ¤fiach m. a sea-raven: i ndeilb muirfeich mair, Imr. Brain ii 291 (Laud) = i ndeilb segi mori .i. murrech, LU 1323. segha .i. muiriach (nó muirrech) mor, Imr. Brain ii 291 n. 3 . ¤gabál f. sea-faring (? coasting): gach port i tigeadh Ith i nErinn iar murghabhail na ntír i raibhe, BB 38b3 . ¤gabul m. an inlet of the sea. n p. muirgobuil, Ml. 45d12 . Of a river: scailed murgabla srotha Ligir `letting out an inlet of the river Loire', RC xv 434 ( Dinds. 43 ) = scaíled in murgabuil múaid | cos'tathig Ligir londglúair, Metr. Dinds. iii 194.9 . iar tuaslucud in murgabail i Torinis glain i tírib Fraṅc, LL 159b30 . ¤gae a sea-spear, harpoon: murgha, Lism. L. 1640. ¤galar m. sea-sickness: eabur re ndol ar fairrge . . . ┐ ni dén murgalar olc dhó, R.I.A. 23 K 42, 325.2 . ¤geilt m. ` a sea-lunatic'; a sea-fugitive or wanderer, term applied to the mermaid Lí Ban . Muirgeilt .i. geilt in mara, LU 3130. murgeilt, 3043 . murgelt, 3022 ( SG 235.28 ). in hoc anno capta est in Muirgelt for Tracht Ollarba . . . .i. Airiu ingen Eachach maic Muiredha, RC xvii 147.4 (Tig.) = in muirgheilt, AU 571 = an muirgelt .i. Liban, AFM i 200.10 . ¤geintlecht f. sea-sorcery, sea-magic: muirgheintleacht, Keat. Poems 695. ¤iasc m. sea-fish: tóla muiréisc maigrig, Metr. Dinds. iii 426.9 . ¤inis f. a sea-island , Laws iv 6.10 . ¤lán f. full tide: antí riasa ttraighedh an mhuirlán, ZCP x 4.8 . ¤linn f. sea-pool , poetic term for sea. ri dorigni muirlinn māir | os an ḟirmimint imṡlain, | in muirlinn aili is i in muir, SR 285 - 7 (see Gen. i 7 ). do mhuirlinn mara, Leb. Gab.(i) i 128.4 . ag muirlinn mhóir Chinn Mhaghair, Duan. F. i 32.18 . Muirtheimhne ón muirlinn, Keat. ii 1225 (poem). ¤loch a lagoon, salt-marsh: isin muirloch, gl. in salsuginem, Thes. i 6.8 (Southamp. Psalter). os murloch, Acall. 5924 n . ¤luachair f. sea reeds, sedge: firluachair ┐ murl., Laws i 172.16 Comm. ¤mag n. a sea-plain, salt marsh (?): im rasas do murmaige `for the crop (? cropping) of thy sea-march', Laws i 166.27 . ¤mesóc f.: ro gabsad muirmesoga mora do lar `great sea-acorns', RC xxvi 160 § 48. ¤míl m. a sea animal, fish: g s. eithre muirmhil , Lism. L. 2223. lomnan magair is muirmhil, Irish Texts ii 19 § 23. plag arna muirmilaib, BB 388b36 . As collective: amhlaid bit an muirmil hisin, Leb. Gab.(i) i 204.20 (of mermaids). ¤ṡeilche a sea-monster : muir druídechta ro baí fair co muirselche ann co n-aicniud súigthech leis, Comp. CC 36 § 34 (Toch. Em.) = Metr. Dinds. iv 294 . ¤técht: da ttí don leth thuaidhe, doghébha [m]uirtheucht cona tonnaibh ` rough sea ', ITS v 118.26 . muirtheucht, 120.9 . muirteachd ` unnavigable seas ', O'R. Poems Seems intended for: muir técht a congealed (i.e. frozen) sea (for m.¤ Técht as n. l. see muir). Cf. muir théacht `a viscid sea ', ITS xxiv 20.27 ; air muir dtéachtuidh, 126.3 . ¤torad m. sea-produce: mess ┐ claiss ┐ muirthorud, LU 10116 = murtorad, ZCP iii 229 § 1. a mes ┐ a murthorad . . . inna hindsi, Ériu iv 128 § 8. ag buain na femnuige ┐ in murthoraid olchena, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.19) . do tochaitheamh . . . mesa ┐ murtoraidh Erenn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 26.16 . murthoradh .i. toradh mara, O'Cl. ¤trácht m. sea-strand: murthracht, ZCP x 343.17 . dar muncind in múrtráchta, MacCongl. 37.3 . ¤tráig f. strand, beach: in murtraig, Lism. L. 1946. Occas. also in adjs. formed from nouns: eass . . . maigrech murbiastach ` sea-monsterful ', MR 104.13 . anfadh mara murbradanaigh, IT iii 71.6 = mulbratanaigh, ib. 3 ; `des seefischreichen Meeres', Bruchst. i § 34 .

B. Muir enters into composition of proper names: ¤bran ` sea-raven ', ZCP viii 328.20 . ¤chú ` sea-dog '; name of biographer of St. Patrick, RC xxvi 366. Muirchiu (sic), AU 827. g s. Murcon , AU 735. ¤mid: g s. Muirmhedho , AU 797. With adj.: Muirchertach, AU 527 , 926 (Muircertach). ¤gel (npr. f.?): Muirgel Manann, IT iii 34 § 9. co Muirgil, ib. Cf. also Murchad (m.¤ +cath).

saeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saeb or dil.ie/35877
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: sóibapstil, sáibapstalu, saibsacart

adj o, ā

(a) lit. crooked, aslant, askew : s.¤ .i. claen, Lec. Gl. 81 . dar sál fairrge sruthsóeba (saebsrotha, v.l.) `of the sea's treacherous waters', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.22 . in oculis eius ista obliquitas fuit .i. co s.¤ ro derc for a aite, Fél. 112.20 . gomadh saobh a rosc ┐ a radharc ag Iodh (result of a blow), ZCP x 295.30 . Cf. buille saebh forsna sūile (infirmity of old age), ZCP vi 268.16 ; saobh `blind', O'R.

(b) more commonly in moral sense perverted, perverse, froward. In late lang. oft. acquires added meaning of stupid, silly: sáib a n-iress gl. reprobi circa fidem, Wb. 30c19 . dinaib saibaib gl. adversariis, Ml. 38c20 . doini saibibem gl. peruersisimi homines, 3a5 (for form see GOI, p. 234 ). a chenél soeb!, PH 1384 . locc adnaicthi deorad ┐ doine sóim ṅdochenelach (of Aceldama), ZCP xvii 229.y . an dream is saobh slighthe = quorum viae perversae sunt, TSh. 1742 , cf. 5011 . trūag do sāebaib conar pity for those who follow evil courses (a sign of degenerate times), ACL iii 241 § 13 . teora saobha sanasa | Clainni Cuind `crooked counsels', BNnÉ 302 § 9 . dáoine . . . noch laibhéorus neithe sáobha, Acts xx 30 . blicht seirci sāib 'na hagaid (sic leg.) `a spell of false love' (?), Ériu iv 178.13 (adj. seems to refer to 2 blicht).

(c) of weather deranged, unseasonable : sīna sāebha, ZCP viii 196.2 . is gó flatha dober sína saíba for tūatha clóena, xi 82 § 25 . truaillnither . . . triasna sínaib saebu, PH 4241 . See Measgra D., p. 262 .

(d) false, misleading, unjust, ill-judged : co a sloind nít saéba sunna | mo raind chaema chutrumma `misleading', Metr. Dinds. iii 76.135 . bó as gach baile, ni saobh soin (of tribute to a monastery), BNnÉ 255 § 213 . in lá rucad, ba sóeb sin, | tressiu in mac indá a máthair, Metr. Dinds. iii 176.115 . s.¤ leam mo díchell don droing | do díchenn Mael seng Sechlainn I deem insufficient (?), Irish Texts ii 13 § 20 . ní s.¤ lib `you do not think it deceitful' (of using devices to avoid metrical faults), Auraic. 2065 . a nemghlóir as saobh re seal (of Ireland), O'Gr. Cat. 466.19 . ro hiorgabadh muinnter an filed. Indollais (= indar lais) biodh saoph it seemed to him an unjust proceeding (?), ZCP vii 305.3 . díomus do ládh 'nar leith-ne | saobh adhbhar a ainmnighthe `foolish is the reason for so calling me', Content. viii 26 . gleic na suadh saobh an cogadh sages in conflict, an unnatural war, xi 13 . saobh an ní fá dtugais láimh `stupid was your effort', xxvii 15 . mairg uaisligheas an éigse | saobh an cheard a coimhéid-se, xxx 1 . saobh nach aithnighe . . . | nach tráth dhuit dul ar díthchéill, DDána 1.15 . As subst. ní creidthe ód dhán | nach dearna saobh ná seachrán `foolish partiality', Content. vi 115 .

Compds.

(a) usually with nouns. ¤airde: dogéna sáibfirtu et sáibairde gl. signís et prodigís mendacibus, Wb. 26a20 . ¤apstal false apostle : amal dongniat heritic et saibapstil, Wb. 30b24 . sóibapstil, 8c19 . 17d10 . fri sáibapstalu , 16b4 . fobith inna soebapstal, 18d1 . ¤ben: do sní saomná ┐ a sás `foolish women', Aithd. D. 1.2 .

¤breith false judgement : i ssáib[b]retha, RC xxvi 40 § 214 (see under -recht infra).

¤chomairlige (-id?) false counsellor : niptar saobchomairlighe conacartha dosom, Anecd. ii 63.17 . ¤chreitem heresy, superstition : le shuperstition no saobhchredeamh = superstitio, Adtimchiol 149b6 . ¤dliged: in saeibhdliged sin ara roibi A. `wicked practice', Marco P. 13 . ¤fháid false prophet : ní n-erbba do shōebfháthib, ZCP xi 87 § 51 . druidi ┐ saebfhaithe, Anecd. iii 32.29 . i tig in tshaebfátha, PH 8402 . ¤fháitsine: anno cluined in s., Trip.² 801 . ¤fhiurt see under ¤airde. ¤fhorcetal false teaching : soebforcetul Símoin in druad, PH 1736 . sóifid cách a dán i sáibforcital ┐ i saibintliucht, RC xxvi 42 § 223 . ¤fhorcetlaid: na saebhfhoircetlaidi ┐ na bregaire sin, Lism. L. 1513 . ¤glés ( ¤chless) one of Cú Chulaind's feats (consisting of turning his body round inside his skin): rolae sāebglés dīberge dá churp i mmedón a chrocind, TBC-I¹ 1932 = TBC-LL¹ 2593 . Cf. nos-gabat sáebglés ndíberge forsna díbergaib, BDD 153 . ¤gaeth eddying wind : sitgail na saebgaithi, TTebe 1972 . ¤léim: bedg, no redg, no lua, no saebleim `false spring', Laws iii 180.17 Comm. ra lingestair saebléim isin ṁBoind, CRR 25 . ¤mám: nach mug . . . forsa tabarthar sáebmám isin domnach `wrongful bondage', Ériu ii 194 § 9 . ¤níam: nocon é in saeb-niam sar-nua `specious splendour', Metr. Dinds. iv 340.30 . ? ¤rath: ise fer inso dona timdibhenar a dhire cid saebratha, Laws iv 356.2 Comm.

¤recht: sóifither ecna i soibrechta, RC xxvi 40 § 214 v.l. (see above under ¤breith). for saigtib saoibrechtae, Anecd. ii 48.13 . corus marb i n-óenfhecht de | tria sáeb-recht súain serb-dige `sleep-bringing spell' (or for saeb-bricht?), Metr. Dinds. iv 14.24 .

¤ríagail: ac sidib co saebriaglaib, LL 27b49 . ¤shacart: saibsacart gl. seodopontifice, Ml. 75d3 . ¤shanas: in tres saobh-sanus Lethe Cuinn `one of the three crooked counsels' (expulsion of Mo Chuda from Rahen), BNnÉ 302 § 9 . ¤shruth: tar saebhsrothaib (sic leg.) sál, Hy Maine 92.15 . síon na saobhshroth treacherous streams, L. Cl. A. B. 144.167 . ¤shuidiugud false arrangement: trefocal . . . cen sáebshuidiugud .i. díalt ic frecra d' íarcomruc i n-urd bairdne, ACL iii 293.10 . ¤thonn: do sguiredar na saobh-thonna dā sibal `turbulent waves' (Gloss.), ML² 716 . ¤uisce: sōit srotha saebusci `eddies', Ériu vii 4.23 .

(b) with nouns to form adjj.: ¤derc squint-eyed : Sarán Saoibhderc, BNnÉ 231 § 142 ( Keat. iii 1827 ). ¤ruisc (g s.): Nindedh Saebhruisc, Lism. L. 4142 .

(c) with adjj.: ¤dall: súile saobh-dhalla `crooked and blind' (Gloss.), TSh. 6613 . ¤dían: sruth-aibhne . . . saeb-diana, MR 240.15 . ¤millte ( ¤milliud?): na siangártha sáebhmíllti sídhi so, Comp. CC 83.1 . ¤thim: ruire . . . nach saoibhthim, DDána 87.21 . ¤úar: dar tuind sáili sóeb-úair `cold and treacherous', Metr. Dinds. i 10.56 (= sóebruade, LL 162a19 ).

(d) with adjj. formed from nouns: ¤shúilech squinting : L. . . . saebsuileach, YBL 177a30 (= BB 257b23 ). ¤thonnach: tar na srothaibh . . . sáobhthonnach[a], RC xxix 110 § 2 .

See also saebchíall, —choire, —chuithe, —nós infra.

sicc, secc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sicc, secc or dil.ie/37427

 

Forms: sic, sicc, sioc, seca, tseaca, secc, seicce, seice

n u m. and ā, f.: as u, m.: n s. sic, Corm. Y 1192 . sicc, RC xviii 181.17 (Tig.). an sioc , BNnÉ 126 § 9 . g s. seca, Maund. 137 . an tseaca , AFM ii 1122.3 ; as ā, f.: n s. secc, AU i 460.6 . g s. na seicce , RC xviii 181.18 (Tig.). na seice , IGT Decl. ex. 1110 . IGT Decl. § 71 , § 39 .

frost : sic .i. sec a nomine sic[c]us .i. tirim, Corm. Y 1192 . secc mor combtar suirissi . . . srotha, AU i 460.6 . sicc mor, co téighdis groigthi ┐ imirgecha ar in eighridh, RC xviii 30.15 (Tig.). sicc mor in hoc anno corresiot locha ┐ aibhni Ereann, corréi an muir edir Erin ┐ Albain, CS 112.17 . ro tairmisc[ed] siledh na nél lé sicc ┐ le reódh, CCath. 2325 . is fada lium atá Emunn amuich sa sic ┐ me fein ac(h) fuirech ris gan mo diner do caithim, Scribal entry in Laud 610, fo. 58b . snámh san sioc, Atlantis iv 140.19 . do sgarfá re sín an sioc, DDána 91.15 (`thou couldst keep frost from the air', Ir. Monthly 1919, 399 § 16 ). re linn na seice ar an sín | ní shín ní fhill eite eóin, IGT Decl. ex. 1110 . atá do mét a seca ┐ a hoigre co ndéin cristal da huisci, Maund. 137 . san ló do sheargadh an tiormach mé, ┐ an sioc 'sa noidhche, Gen. xxxi 40 . aigh .i. sioc anaicenta, AFM ii 644.2 .

sioc líath hoar frost : cía ghein sioc líath nimhe?, Job xxxviii 29 . spréidhe sé an sioc líath amhuil luáith, Psalms cxlvii 16 .

ar s.¤ frozen, congealed : is siad ar sioc, DDána 3.31 . an fhuil-se is í ar sioc, PBocht 5.23 . ┐ a nel ar sicc ┐ ar cruadugad na thimcill `with the cloud freezing and hardening around it', Ir. Astr. Tr. 150.22 .

tríchatmad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tríchatmad or dil.ie/41919

 

(trícha) ord. num. thirtieth: in trichadmad rand, Laws v 36.23 Comm. in trichatmad abb o Phetar, PH 6341 . isin trichadmadh anno etatis suae , RC xviii 179.18 . ar an dtríochadmhadh lá, TSh. 5293 . tar crích in trichatmadh cét, Laws ii 104.7 Comm. (cf. trícha cét).

ur(a)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ur(a)id or dil.ie/43229

 

n innu.¤ last year : ōn nurid (gl. ab anno priore), Wb. 16c14 . innuraid .i. in-nuu robāith, nō in anno rofāidh .i. in blīadain tairnic and, Corm. Y 783 . atconnarc ém ol se aislingi immón samain innuraid, LU 3332 ( SCC 12 ). ní maith dún ém cid for túrusi chucund innuraid LU 3337 ( SCC 13 ). ind ordnasc doratusa duitsiu inuraid in mair latt?, TBFr. § 22 . barrarṅgert-sa án uraid (v.l. dorairngert onuraid), TBC-LL¹ 3337 . indar-lat batir hé da én batar ocund atuaith inn uraid, IT iii 244.43 . suairc bhíom fa mbí im dheaghaidh | dleaghair dhíom ní ón uraidh, Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 § 12 .