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aingid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aingid or dil.ie/1370

Forms: aingid, aincithi, aingess, -anich, -anaich, -anaigh, aingit, nom-ain, -anaig, ainced, -anagar, ainciter, -anais, ainsium, -ain, roanset, -aunastar, -ansed, anus, -ain, -ainset, -anister, -anustar, -ainsiter, -ainsed, -ansitis, r-an-anacht, anacht, ros-anachtatar, anachtae, anachtai, anacul, anachtae, anaig-, ainge, ronaincea, anachar, -aincfe

v Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 . Indic. pres. 3 s. aingid, Wb. 1d15 . aincithi (with suff. pron. 3 s.), BDD² 143 . rel. aingess, Trip.² 1659 . -anich, Wb. 16a4, 5 . -anaich, Ériu ii 222.21 . -anaigh, O'Curry 2531 ( Eg. 88 44 ab ). 3 pl. aingit, MU² 1025 . Impv. 2 s. nom-ain, RC vi 175.31 (see GOI § 588 ). -anaig, TBC-I¹ 3640 . 3 s. ainced, Tec. Corm. § 2.15 . Pass. s. -anagar, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.23 . pl. ainciter, BDD² 214 .

Subj. pres. (see Ériu xix 45-6 ) 2 s. -anais, SR 5999 , 6036 . 3 s. (with suff. pron. 1 s.) ainsium, Thes. ii 352.4 . -ain, Thes. ii 303.3 (Hy. i). 3 pl. roanset, Thes. ii 301.3 (Hy. i). Pass. s. -aunastar, RC xii 104 § 150 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -ansed, AU i 202.15 . Fut. (stem indistinguishable from that of subj., see GOI § 662 ). 1 s. anus (anais v.l.), Anecd. ii 67.9 . 3 s. -ain, Wb. 1d1 . 3 pl. -ainset, RC xiv 424 § 45 . Pass. s. -anister, RC xiv 191.z . -anustar, xii 104 § 151 . pl. -ainsiter, ZCP vii 309.12 . Condit. 3 s. -ainsed, SR 5568 . 3 pl. -ansitis, TBC-I¹ 3557 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. r-an-anacht, Wb. 17d6 . rel. anacht, Thes. ii 303.2 (Hy i). 3 pl. ros-anachtatar, BDD² 696 . Pass. s. anachtae, RC xii 66 § 30 . Pl. anachtai, TBC-I¹ 2775 .

Vn. anacul. Vbl. of necess. anachtae, BDD² 1322 .

Later as weak vb. (stem aing-, anaig-) with ā-subj. 3 s. ainge, LU 3352 ( SCC § 14 ). ronaincea, Lec. Gl. 94 . Pass. anachar, Trip.² 1504 . With b-fut. -aincfe, Ériu i 130.21 . IGT Verbs § 52 .

Saves, protects: ro anacht Día B. God protected B. Trip.² 609 . cén-mair nud[a]-ainsed mairg nodo-géna, BDD² 955 . gudim B. . . . rom áin co cían, LU 3054 . anachta la hAilill ara omunson he was protected by A. because of his fear of the other, TBC-I¹ 2898 . aingi in trúagh thou savest the wretch, ZCP vii 269 § 11 . intí ances in ṁbidbaid issé fessin as bidbu, LL 19061 . da mbetdís fir Erenn cut hanacal orm, nach aineocdáis thú, TBC-LL¹ p. 861 n.2 . dia n-innised neach uaib dam . . . ro ainicfind sib I should spare you, MR 78.23 . an fer atá ar tí na caibden / do bí lá 's do aingedh iad the man who is about to attack the troops there was a time when he used to defend them(?), IGT Decl. ex. 563 . maith an bhuaidh do bhí ar an tslait / na sluaigh is í do anaic (Moses' rod), DDána 74.28 . a.¤ . . . DI, ó protects from: nonanich dia di cach imniud `God protects us from every tribulation', Wb. 16a4 . ronnain amal roanacht / David de manu Gólai, Thes. ii 303.3 (Hy. i). ri rodnanacht . . . ond leoamain, SR 6101 . ainci[d] C. īatt uile / . . . / on trāb dobōi ga celgad, BColm. 90.12 . do ainic mé ón ghuais, Desid. 1284 . a.¤ x ar (for) y protects x against y: aingid imdibe ar bibdamnact rectto `circumcision protects from the condemnation of the Law', Wb. 1d15 . nert . . . nos-ainsed for slúag n-Ammón, SR 5568 . slúag . . . ronn-ain ar cech ṅgábud, Fél. Oct. 29 . aincim ar pēin spiraid / lucht m'inait is m'foirme, ZCP xii 389.5 . créd rosainic hí ar in écc?, vii 303 § 7 . ar Ifreann go n-aince mé, Dán Dé v 43 . fala bud olc ní ḟuigeadh / cara ort dá n-anuigeadh, IGT Verbs ex. 442 . aincidh iad ar spasmus (i.e. wounds, by a medicament), 23 K 42, 438.20 .

With extended meanings. serves, avails: ní anaich a chrothad nach a ḟlescad, acht a nige `it serves not to shake it or beat it' (of a foul garment), Ériu ii 222.21 (= Mon. Tall. 155.1 ). takes care, heeds: ainic leat nach saobh dod chéill ` take care ', Content. xxvii 1 . tabhair súil thart ar gach taoibh / ainic nach claon do chathaoir `take care lest your poet's chair be partial', v 186 . Legal absolves from liability: ach ni conanaig deithbire .i. acht ni ainces a deithbhir turbadha, Laws i 102.8 , 20 Comm. aincit na dethbhire . . . ar dithim, ii 84.16 Comm. is do suidiu condinanaic deithbiri .i. co n-aincend deithbirius a galuir hi, v 198.7 , 200.23 Comm. ? luige na hanaighidh .i. luighe a aenur graid feine ar graid fene eile, O'Curry 693 ( H 3.18, p. 335 ). cia trebaire adsuide diubairt ni anaigither fír níme na minna, O'Curry 264 (ib. 151b).

áinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áinne or dil.ie/1484

n see LEIA ring, circuit . According to Pokorny, ZCP xxvi 4-7 , also anus , podex, posterior: ánne gl. anellus, Sg. 47b12 . fuath lochad landai lordai / fuath na n-ainne erordai, SR 5432 (ref. to quorum posteriora, etc., Kings vii 25 , Pokorny). a.¤ .i. cūairt. Ueteres .i. na sendāini enim ponebant an pro circum, unde dicitur annus .i. blīadain .i. fa c[h]ūairt bīs an bliadain, Corm. Y 14 .

Cf. fáinne.

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

bréife

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bréife or dil.ie/6679
Last Revised: 2013

n ring; hole; loop: dígabthach óndí as ánus cuáirt .i. brefe gl. annulus, Sg. 59b13 . brefe din for cind cacha slabraid . . . co rínd gaei cach [aen] fir tria brefe cach ṡlabraid ba nessa dó, Corm. 7 , Corm. Y 141. brefe .i. corran no bacan no drolam, ut est buinni fola bolg ┐ bréfí ┐ buinne faebrach .i. casbuin[n]e, O'Dav. 272. breife .i. ionga no poll, O'Cl. breiphi gl. (h)amulas (confused with Lat. armilla or anulus `ring´), Études Celt. xxii 218 . oc tabairt dó in gai . . . taraill brefe na slabraidi dar súil C., LU 4370. See bréifne.

caillech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caillech or dil.ie/7751
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. (1 caille)

(a 1) Lit. veiled woman (see Éigse xxviii 74-85 ); in sense married woman : ba bec ind immirgi rucad ann .i. .vii. mbai ┐ tarb ocus se-sseom ┐ a chaillech ┐ ind ingen, Fing. R. 507 (Esnada Tige Buchet) . Brigid bratbrú a chaillech-som, SCano 224 . oen aile dib (oen dna dona caillechaib so, v.l.) Cumman … ┐ si thorrach, CGSH § 722.6 . In phr. caillech aithrige, penitent wife, a married woman who becomes celibate: inar find … cecha caildigi aithrighi, Cáin Ad. 14 § 24 . (a) nun, woman in religion : in ch.¤ rēided Currech (Brigit), Thes. ii 349.3 (Hy. v). sēnais in caillig comail, 337.4 (ib.). fail dí chaillig i rrichid / . . . / Maire ┐ SanctBrigit, 349.11 (ib.). a ch.¤ , Vita Br. 25 . Brigit . . . / cenn cáid c.¤ n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . senoir caildidi `senior nun' (oppd. to mac-c.¤ ), Mon. Tall. 151.7 (§ 62) . clerig ┐ caillecha, Laws iii 14.12 . do cleirchib ┐ caillechaib, Ériu xix 60 § 8 . cell ch.¤ , LU 1651 ( RC ix 452 ). tri hairgarta ecalse: c.¤ fri clocc, etc., Triads 66 . cenn c.¤ abbess , Trip.² 1000 . Cf. teach nabadh Cille dara do ghabháil . . . ┐ an c.¤ féin do breith a mbroid, ALC i 130.22 . c.¤ leighinn lectrix, Trip. xli 15 (cf. fer léiginn). In later lang. c.¤ dub: pian na manach . . . ┐ na gc.¤ ndubh, Aisl. Tond. 130 § 4 . ag saothrughadh beannaighthe bhanabadh ┐ choisregadh ch.¤ ndubh, RSClára 118 § 16 . D. . . . do écc ina cailligh duibh, AFM iii 252.6 . ord onōrach chaillech ndup the Order of S. Clare, Fl. Earls 164.19 .

(b) elderly woman : ni cundil mesce c.¤ gl. anus . . . non uino multo seruientes, Wb. 31c3 . c.¤ quasi cail-nech nō caol a lūach .i. screpul; nō c.¤ cail comēt ┐ de c[h]aillig cométa tige as nomen , Corm. Y 389 . tuillem bathais . . . do fiur graidh acht ni ruca dia chaillig, ZCP xiii 20.22 (`seiner Alten' i.e. the woman who manages his house, Bürgschaft 7 § 8 ). callech do Lagnib . . . i mbiataigecht ro bái sí . . . do ríg Lagen, Ériu i 132.25 . Boí a ainm na calligi, LU 4409 . d'óganachaibh nó . . . do chailliochaibh, Párl. na mB. 3931 . a c.¤ trūag (sarcastically of a hero), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 38 § 7 . ’sa chailleach eich ga héideadh, Celtica xviii 144 § 31 . mar fiacla cailligi, Rosa Angl. 180 § 25 .

(c) In sagas pejoratively of supernatural beings hag, witch, crone (see Éigse xxviii 94 ): in Mórrígan i ndelb na sentainne caillige, LU 6248 (TBC). c.¤ lom luath (the Morrígain), MR 198.2 . sentrichem senchaillige, Triads 114 . a lāim na caillighi (badb), ML² 418 . demon callige, KMMisc. 212.z . ra chonaig in ruadchallig, LL 6283 . imthighis an ruadhchailleach, DDána 120.33 . Name given to a group of letters in Ogam script: caillige ar aicme huatha, Auraic. 5720 .

(d) In phr. caillech chrainn woodlouse : pudar do denam do caillechaib crainn, Irish Texts v 9 § 18 . cailleach chrainn , FGB s.v. cailleach .

In n. pr. C.¤ Bērre, Lament 83 . (cf. Éigse xxiii 38 ). C.¤ Domnaill, AFM ii 1150.9 . R. ┐ C.¤ Dé dí inghin R., AFM iii 172.9 . C.¤ Finnen a ingen, RC xvii 381.18 (Tig.).

In n.loc. Liss na Calligi, Ériu i 132.26 , Dinnseanchas i no. 4 p. 94 . Lebaid chailligh, Hog. Onom.

Ir. and Lat. obscure in: c.¤ ligheóc gl. pupína, Ir. Gl. 283 .

comríacht(an)aid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comríacht(an)aid or dil.ie/11666

v (comríachtain) come(s) together, has (have) intercourse: collait ┐ comriachtait na hainmige, PH 7459 . cid b'é fer coimriachtus (-anus, v.l.) ria, De Contemptu 189 . do chomhríachtuin sé ría, Gen. xxxviii 2 .

1 cúairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cúairt or dil.ie/13327
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cōirt-, -rd

n [i], m., later f. Arch. cōirt-, see compds. c.¤ , -rd, f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

I

(a) circle, ring; circuit, circumference: ánus cuáirt `a circle', Sg. 59b13 . in chuartai frithsuidighthi gl. oppossitique orbes, Ml. 39c12 . dun chuairt gl. giro, 84a9 . a chuaird corcorgemmach its circlet of crimson gems (a brooch), LU 7400 ( BDD 100 ). cuaird (cuairde v.l.) bec . . . amal circáill ḟeta (necklet worn by Morann), IT iii 190 § 15 . cuaird uilche aos na fer midba, O'D. 1952 (Cod. Clarend. vol. 15, f. 7, p. 2 col. b) (see compds.). fochress cach cúaird immalaile etc. arranged themselves in concentric circles, LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). Cf. cuaird .i. buidhin ┐ is buidhen ar chath sunn . . . .uii. chuarda . . . ┐ .7. nimdha, etc. (= FB 55 ) ┐ isíat na .7. cuárda .i. .7. catha Ulad taken to mean troop, battalion , H 3.18, 608b5 , 7 , 8 ( O'Curry 1324 ). do ḟiannaib Erenn, cach cuaird im araili im Temraig `each (band) encircling the other around T.,' Ériu xii 182 § 13 (TE2). tanic Fiac ┐ a chuairt leis `circuit' (sc. the poets or druids on F.'s c.), Thes. ii 307.15 .

(b) circuit, globe (of heaven, earth); area, territory, district; inner space, enclosure: no línfed . . . in n-ule cuaird in talman gl. omnem terram, Ml. 25a8 , 11 . rígi inna huili cuarta, Trip.² 2106 `of the whole globe', Trip. 180.8 . cuairt ind richidh co noi ngradaib aingel `the circuit of the celestial vault', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . dá arrig dec . . . / cach for a chuaird . . . / for dá thuaith dec Israhél district (?), SR 7011 . caille comhfhada / cladh na cúarta-sa `circuit' (enclosure or district (?), cf. crioch, 4), BS 98.10 . cru tire do telluch .i. cuairt in tíre .i. guirtt .i. cro .i. ime, O'D. 415 ( H 3.17, 317 ), cf. Laws iv 20.5 . uii. cúarda . . . ┐ uii. n-imdada o thein co fraig circular compartments (?), LU 8730 ( FB 55 ). for cuairt an rígh .i. istigh i mbi an Rí (under heading dámh cháe na ngradh ffileadh), Ériu xiii 52.10 . See midchuairt. cuairt .i. crich . . . ma rofiastar a ratha a mignima in-óen chuairt urraduis .i. i n-aon crich urraduis sin `in one circle of urradas (the customary law of freemen)', O'Dav. 503 . iter da cuairt ingelta ro marbad é (a dead beast), O'Curry 2102 (H. 4.22, 76a). See comaithches, comingaire, comingelt, ingelt .

(c) circuit; a turn around, revolution : cuaird cech laithe a daily circuit (of horse-races), LL 25101 . en cuairt o oirrcir co hiartar an domain revolution, course (of moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 108.22 . ? do chuir sé c.¤ air ághaidh a naigéin = he set a compass upon the face of the deep, Proverbs viii 27 (1827). Hence of a recurring event, turn : in cuairt muilinn, Ériu xvii 64 § 1 n. 4 `the circuit (`rotation') of the mill', see 62 , 63 . tossach cuarta in so doridisi, 76.5 . timchelsat teora cúarda cech ḟir díb ir-ríge .i. lxiii. (of 3 kings who held sovereignty in turn for a septennium), Dinds. 161 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn, LU 6699 (TBC). in tan rosiacht do Chua . . . c.¤ a cometa `his turn of guarding', Dinds. 157 . táinic naí cuarta fó[n] cath attacked the host nine times, CF² 1111 .

(d) circuit, tour, visitation, journey and related meanings: a cuardaib ane .i. a caí uird inna fíraí .i. inna fíréicsi poetic visitations, LL 24320 (see RC xxvi 18 § 25 ). for chuartaib cloth, Ériu xiii 38.15 . ni far cuairt parche do-coid `diocesan visitation', Wb. 21a12 . ɔral c.¤ fuirib-si gl. praeter[i]ens uideam uos, 7a4 . do dechaidh . . . / du cuaird is naibh hifernoibh `went . . . on a visit to Hell' (of Christ). Blathm. 696 . Felix fuair cuairt (cuaird, v.l.) céoldai `sojourn', Fél. Jan. 22 . rolá P. cuairt Lagen = migravit . . . ad fines L., Lat. Lives 61 § 53 . D. comarba Patraic for cuairt Muman, AU i 486.11 . mac in chléirig ar in cuairt `let the cleric's son go on the circuit', Ériu ix 49 § 29 . congbail tsenad na hEclaisi oc cuingid cuarda `visitation', Laws i 158.18 Comm. dia ndeochaid . . . ar cuaird ardrīg i nInis Bretan, Corp. Gen. 132.19 . tinoilis H. . . . slog mor . . . amal tísad for cuairt rig, PH 844 . cuaird Erend do chur co n-acamar a ndingnu, etc., Anecd. i 9.26 ( SCano 293 ). dochoid side (sc. a poet or druid) for cuairt i Connachtaib, Thes. ii 307.14 . cuirit . . . inn ēgis mórchúairt Hērenn ┐ Alban dia fochmurc the poets make the great tour of Scotland and Ireland to seek it (sc. the Táin), ACL iii 3.25 . dā mbeirt[h]ea dán lat bothúaid / . . . / nī budh lúgha let ale / nās ō chūairt Érenn uile, ZCP viii 109 § 9 . luidh-siumh (the young Molling) . . . do c.¤ na Lúachra wandered about L., RC xxvii 268 § 15 . ropo chūaird `a visit' (of a battle), Arch. Hib. ii 63 § 65 . mithigh cuairt a gceann Fhiacha it is time to visit F. (a patron), LBranach 2181 . logh an chuairt-se do-chuamar the visit I paid (to a patron) was payment, DDána 67.49 . taispenad a cuarta (.i. a n-imdeachta) `their journeys', Auraic. 193 . Of reconnoitring, etc.: luid Conall ┐ Bricriu du chur cúarta to search (for shelter for the night), LU 10579 ( Comp. CC 3 ). dolá F. cūairt co tarrla docum tighi, ZCP v 501.12 . gin a cuairt do cur without making a tour (of inspection) of it (a green), Laws iv 196.6 Comm.

(e) With following descriptive gen.: cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . dia cuairt cairte .i. cuairt flathamnais, O'Curry 480 ( H 3.18, 250 ). a c[h]uairt certaigthe = his Visit iuridicall, RSClára 130b . ar cuairt chrábaid, SG 39.25 . dolluid . . . do chūairt ectra la Ulto `went upon a round of adventures in U.', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 . cuaird erlama `the visitation of a patron saint', Laws v 450.8 Comm. gl. sen-dliged, 4 . for cuairt gemridh a farrud rígh Osraigi (of a fili), Ériu xi 47.4 . O'D. 952 ( H 3.17, 666 ). níor mhian leis an lá do mhair / gan chuaird ollaimh 'n-a ḟochair (in elegy for prince and his ollamh), DDána 73.21 . cuaird retha canait / cínticha clíí (a division of poetry), IT iii 31.18 . is amlaid ro chiṅged ri Temrach for a chuairt rigi, RC xxiv 176.25 . lodsamar ar cuaird selgga `went on a hunting round', vii 304.1 . luidh-sen . . . do chuairt teglaig co a tiagherna, Anecd. ii 42 § 2 . See s.v. amsaine , cáe, cenél, rígdomnacht , 1 selg, scís.

(f) What is levied, or requested on a c.¤ , tribute, dues, claim (otherwise Contribb. 544 ): cuairt fer Midhe etir chill ┐ tuáith `visitation of, etc.' (i.e. collection of tribute from them), RC xvii 345.3 (Tig.). Moling . . . / dligidh cuarta ┐ cealla, Anecd. ii 23 § 14 . rocind . . . cūairt do-som uáid fēin a tribute was fixed for him from, etc., BColm. 88.10 . tabrat a cuart dom catraig `tribute' (claimed by ecclesiastic), Fen. 80.16 . co ttucc a lán chuairt etir screpall, ┐ edbarta `a full visitation tribute', AFM ii 894.17 .

(g) As attrib. and descr. gen.: i n-a cēidi c[h]uarta, ML² 1133 . mur ollamh cuarta . . . / na mes misi a mic Siobháin do not look upon me as a poet on a round of visitation, ZCP ii 348.18 . Note also: Fergus file . . . esgra márchuarta, Ériu xiii 30.14 . ar ḟior gcuarta visitor or guest, DDána 110. 21 .

(h) In legal contexts: ordaib neimid nuither cuardaib, Laws iii 26.6 .i. ordaithter . . . iar cae uird . . . cidbe cuaird i mbe `circle', 12 Comm. ni cuirithur cuaird for gablu fine `the succession shall not devolve upon, etc.' (of property), 78.20 . cuairt .i. tiumarguin . . . airbert i cuairt cach slan `restraint', O'Dav. 405 . ? cuairt saigeas a comnaidm la fear foirgeall fiadnaise, Laws iv 8.24 .

II In adv. and prep. phrases. Preceded by imm (fa) + an ( GOI 517 , 1 imm ) imma(c)cúairt round about, around ; im na insi immacuairdd (ma over line, note), Ml. 89d18 . forda-rubai . . . F. imma cúaird strikes them all around (?), MU² 1017 . secht n-imdai ó thein co fraig . . . imme cúaird, Fraech 66 . im chomm, Laws i 124.4 .i. ima cuairt, 134.3 Comm. is mar so gerrtur an crann sin fácuairt co gar do talam `round about near the earth', Maund. 160 . atá folach i sléib Fuait / do chuirfedh Eirinn má cuairt `set . . . on the move', SG 180.y (Acall.). a himpod ima cuairt `to whirl it (the discus) round', TTebe 2471 . ben fuil astu . . . fo guairt (maguairt, v.l.) le tingin `extract the blood all round' (from warts), Rosa Angl. 206.5 . imthighios fá gcuáirt = that goeth about, Proverbs xx 19 . Note: áonrotha . . . ┐ sé ima ccuairt = so compassed, RSClára 92b (appar. the Engl. (= contrived etc.) was misunderstood, Gloss.). With follg. IMM, etc.: fuslegar de immandelg immecuáirt `it (butter) is smeared all round the thorn' (in charm), Thes. ii 248.7 (Sg. Incant.). atacordat . . . imacúairt imon torad sin `roll about in the fruit', Ériu ii 192 § 3 . isiarsin dodechatar na fir immacuairt immi `then came the men all around him', RC iii 181.30 . tangas ma ccuairt orrtha `they were . . . surrounded, etc.', Rel. Celt. ii 202.37 . go mbeinn mágcuarda / idir na daoinibh duarca `should live with sullen men around', Ó Bruad. i 130.y . In phr.: don ch.¤ sea (aniugh, v.l.) on this occasion (lit. visit), at this time, Mer. Uil.² 149 . In prep. phr. i cuaird bethad brigadbuil `around the . . . world', Hib. Min. 39.5 . birt būaidh [n]-eaccna hi c.¤ Ēirenn all round (?) Ireland, ZCP viii 197.11 .

Compds. With nouns. cuart-anáir (: uachtaráin) Bhanbha `honour-circuit', Content. x 13 . inna cuairt roth `in its circle-wheel' (of particles of the host in the form of a cross), Thes. ii 255.4 (Stowe M.). See Plummer, KZ xxvii 445 . With ¤sel rotation, gyration, whirl (see Wortk. 47 , Celtica i 378-80 ): is cicul dūn ol in duine quasi dixisset is cuairdfell dun son, Corm. 10 cicul = cūairtfell, Corm. Y 264 . a gyrando on cuairtfell bis fuirre `circular flight' (of a goose), Corm. Tr. 88 gigrand. a coirib cuairdill `from whirlpools', Laws iii 422.11 Comm. a ro-domain, v 298.10 .i. caire cuairt-bill ┐ a murlochaib, 17 Comm. coirt-tobe gl. circumcissio, Wb. 23d24 (a prima manu). ¤ulchaige beard encirclement (the stage at which a boy becomes an adult) Críth G. 90 , ZCP xliv 167 . co cúairtulchaigi (-ulcaid MSS) lit. `encircling beardedness . . . or read c.¤ n-ulchaige ?' (Notes), Críth G. 67 , see p. 90 . With adj. delb chuairtchruind `shape of a round circle', Ériu ii 106 § 17 . ropo chúairddulchach , Críth G. 68 .

doleigiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doleigiste or dil.ie/18016

x = prec.: gurob mar sin anus doileighisti, 3 C 19, 187rb23 .

frescech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frescech or dil.ie/24297

adj o-ā (cf. frescisiu) expectant: cach freiscech .i. is cuma frisaici anus coir do ┐ anus ecoir, H 3.18, p. 246.31 ( O'Curry 468 ).

íarcomla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarcomla or dil.ie/26953

Forms: iarcomhla, iarcomlai, īarcómlaid

n d, f. but somet. declined as , f. (2 íar + comla door) the anus : a s. iarcomhla, TBC-LL¹ p. 899 n. 3 . iarcomlai, 1026 . d s. asa īarcómlaid , MacCongl. 89.19 .

con ruc a mbói di ḟobaig inathair and dar iarcomlai, TBC-LL¹ 1026. cona buindib brócoti asa īarcómlaid sīar sec[h]tair, MacCongl. 89.19 . gur bhris ... ona ó go iarcomhla (text: ó ó go erboll), TBC-LL¹ p. 899 n. 3 . intan nobūailed co trēn in capall no maided cāisi ... triena iercomla síer, MacCongl. 124.27 . scorpíon Indecda dorala for a iarcómla a mboi ina sesum, Alex. 705.

1 is

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 is or dil.ie/29104
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: nídam, nída, atar, atin, ammi, bem, be, combin, is, am, im, isam, isim, sam, isam, am, isam, nidha, nis, indat, n-iat, cenita, coich, citné, cisné, cis, manid, minad, minid, munid, minap, munab, béso, bésu, gon, gion, indid, inid, inad, ina, 'nar, díand, díanid, díanad, dían, díanda, dían(d)at, dána, dán, darab, bad, ba, ba, badat, ba, -bo, -p, -b, cid, -rop, -rup, -rub, ropond, ce, cía, cit, cía, ce, bed, bad, pad, bud, ba-da-, bádam, ma, matis, diambtís, bé, biam, bum, bid, bith, beith, bed, bud, -pa, -ba, nípa-dn-aidrech, -ba, -pa, -bo, -po, -bu, -pu, -b, -bad, -bud, bit, be(i)t, bat, biat, bidat, -rsam, -rbam, -bi, ropsa, rupsa, ropsat, robsat, ropat, robat, ropot, ropdat, -rbsat, -rsat, -rsa, -rbat, nārsat, ba, bu, bo, be, fa, fá, fo, bad, bud, ba-id-n-, fa, fá, -pu, -bu, -po, -bo, -p, nip, nipu, -rbu, -rpu, -rpo, -rbo, rba, -rob, -rb, -ra, -r, -rsa(t), -rso, -rsa, -rsad, rsam, -rsat, -rbtar, -rptar, -rtar, -rbat, -rpsat, -rsat, -psat, -bsat, -psatar, gomsad

v copula (see Strachan, Substantive Verb in O.Ir. Glosses ( Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899 ); Ó Máille, Verbs of Existence in Irish; Dillon, Nominal Predicates in Irish ( ZCP xvi , xvii ) ; GOI § 814 ff. ; Ó Nolan Studies in Mod. Ir.).

USAGE.

The copula is alway unstressed and proclitic. The normal order of words is vb.+pred.+subj., e.g. is cele dae in fer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . is bésad inna flatho doem et dofich (i.e. to protect and to avenge is a princely custom), Wb. 9d2 . Prec. by asyntactic nom.: fáilte cáich bad fáilte dúib-si, Wb. 5d24 . mad i n-aeclis tra in choss is hé óis achtáil `if then it be in the church, the foot is the practical folk,' 12a23 . Frequ. in verse: Illand mac Scanlain is marb, Anecd. i 12.24 . andar la fer bis a cein | Inber Cindbera is reid, 15.1 . a comrádh bind nocho brég, 35 § 81. An inversion of the usual order (see Ó Máille, op. cit. p. 74) occurs in: nī bu ṡanctBrigit ṡúanach (v.l. sanctbrigit suanach) `Saint B. was not drowsy,' Hy. v 21 (see GOI p. 476 and n. 168 ). is tria chin mban | bit fernai fer dlochtai, LU 8430 (FB, rhetoric). Common in rel. sentences in Fél.: mórṡlúag A. | dia mbu Demon dubach `from whom the Devil was sorrowful,' Fél. April 2 . súi diand Ériu inmall, Sept. 10. manach | asa díthrub dubach `whose hermitage is gloomy,' Prol. 98 (but: S. | ata soilsi slechtae, Sept. 7. Carissim ... | asa rúamdae relic, Ap. 16 ). Where the predicate is a compound phrase the subject is introduced into the middle of it (Strachan, op. cit. p. 49.30), e.g. is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée, Wb. 5c18 . nirbu samlaid són doibsom, Ml. 90c27 . nibo mór a mbríg linn, Wb. 18d10 .

In O.Ir. when the subject of the copula was a personal pronoun it was, as in other verbs, implicit in the verbal form: am irlam, Wb. 13c8 . at fechem dom, 32a21 . combed adultera `so that she should be a.', 3c9 . nirbu choimdiu `he had not been a lord,' 33a5 . bad carthi `let him be loved,' Sg. 148a2 . nítat ainmnidi `they are not nominatives,' 189a10 . amal bemmis bibdaid, Ml. 114d4 . It was frequently strengthened by a pronominal particle suffixed to the pred. not necessarily to express emphasis, nor to distinguish between persons: niba dimicthe-se libsi `I should not be despised by you,' Wb. 21d3 (but: nida apstal apstil `I am not an apostle's apostle,' 18c1 ). massu rath-som, 5a30 . ciasu i colinn am béo-sa, 19a20 . it firian-su, Ml. 55d11 . ammi cland-ni doib-som, 101d9 . ropsa huallach-sa, 49b12 (cf. GOI § 811 ). nimda scál-sa ┐ nimda aurdrach, ZCP xiii 373.11 .

The logical pred. of the copula may be (a) an adjective ; (b) a prepositional phrase; (c) an adverb; (d) a pronoun ; (e) the substantival demonstrative í; (f) the subject of a relative verb; (g) a clause introduced by as n- `that it is' ; (h) a substantive.

At all periods of the language the predicates (a), (b), (c) and (d) immediately followed the copula.

(a) In O.Ir. the general rule was that the predicative adj. agreed with the subj. of the copula in gender and number (see Dillon, op. cit., for development from O.Ir., of which he cites as type: it moírb in boill sin, Wb. 11d11 , to Mod. Ir.: is mór iatt, is saidhbir na tírtha so, Maund. § 138 , §227 ).

(b) amal as o spirut, Wb. 15b7 . ciaba beo bid do precept anme Crist, 23b29 . is occ maid atáa, 6a18 . condib tria n-uile mbethaid ón, Tur. 71. is fria binn aníar atá t'esérge, Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). is airi asbersom ..., Ml. 126c10 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61. nochon ara omun cena, TBC-I¹ 2364. gonadh uime sin adeir I.¤ ..., TSh. 4816.

(c) níp and nob irpaid, Wb. 8b2 . hóre is amne atáa, 12d7 . is samlith is comadas dúun ..., Thes. ii 246.3 (Cam.).

(d) mad hé á luum, Wb. 4a14 . bad hé for n-ere `let Him be your burden,' 9d12 . rupu sí a rreilic, 33a22 . is tú is diliu limsa diib, IT iii 83 § 69. ionnus gomadh é féin bud ughdar réna bheathaidh, TSh. 3406.

When the logical predicate of the copula was either (e) the substantival demonstrative í or (f) the antecedent of a relative verb, or (g) a clause introduced by as n- `that it is' a pronoun was introduced immediately after the copula to act as grammatical predicate while the logical predicate stood in apposition to this pronoun.

(e) matu hé ata horpamin indí rochomalnisset recht, Wb. 2c14 . bit hé magistir dongegat indhí asindisset a tola féisne dóib, 30d8 . it hé in toirthi amal sodin inna hí adfiadatar hi testimnib file isint salm anuas, Ml. 46c14 .

(f) is hé didiu in tecttaire maith condaig indocbáil dia thigerni the good envoy is he who seeks his lord's glory, Wb. 8d20 . it hé inimici lessom qui fraudant et qui iniuriam faciunt , 9c25 . it hé gními epscuip asmbeir sís the works of a bishop are the things he mentions below, 28b20 . is he in firfindbathach no in firion atcobra na huile beatusa the truly blessed ... is he who desires all the blessings, Hib. Min. 429.

(g) is ed asberat ind heretic as laigiu deacht maicc indaas deacht athar, Ml. 17c7 . ni ed a met as n-etarcnad dun `not only that it is known to us,' 138a12 . is ed asberat as ndu deacht ... rogabad in salm so, 24d29 . is ed adfet a legend as ndath glas roboi forsind sléib fo chosmailius saphirr, Ml. 84d4 .

(h) With indef. noun as pred.: condib dídnad domsa foirbthetu hirisse dúibsi, Wb. 1b1 . combad notire rod-scribad cosse, 27d16 . mástat carait ... mastat námait, LU 9090 - 1 . níor ghníomh meirbh, DDána 91 § 24.

With def. noun as pred.: in O.Ir. and early Mid. Ir. a definite substantive can immediately follow the copula. Even in O.Ir. however a pronoun is frequently introduced immediately after the copula as grammatical predicate, the logical predicate standing in apposition (cf. (e), (f) and (g) above). This is the normal construction in the later language: ni a doenacht fesine ru-da-n-ordan `not his own Manhood has dignified Him,' Wb. 33c5 . ni in cholinn donatháira acht is a n-accobor, 3d3 . is athir-som innaní techte foirbthetith `he is the father of them that possess perfection,' 2c11 . mad Ānlūan no-beth is'taig, ScM. § 16.8 . is Duid a oenar rochachain inna psalmu, Hib. Min. 134.

With pronoun: bit hé na precepta cétni no pridchob doib, Wb. 17b20 . is hed a trede sin foloing, 29d17 . is hé in peccad rogéni a n-uile comaccobor, 3c25 .

After the introduction of the pronoun, the normal order of the sentence seems to be that in which the predicate follows the pronoun but this order does not appear to be fixed and the predicate may be put at the end either for emphasis or for the better balance of the sentence, e.g. a predicate which is the antecedent of a relative verb is most usually placed after the subject. Predicate and subject can only be distinguished by means of the context and the distinction, it would seem, is by no means as clear-cut in Irish as in other languages.

Predicate immediately following pronoun: ní ceilsom tra as n-é Crist in lie, Wb. 4d16 . issí ind ainim as airlam do chomalnad recto Dé ní in corpp, 3d11 . measaim gurab é an bás, an marcach úd, TSh. 37.

Subject following pronoun: mate nama anfolaid in cele falla frithgnama `if neglect of service was the only disqualification of the tenant,' Laws ii 324.6 . ar is he besad felsub etarcert di dúlib et saigid forru et nebchretem a n-adiadar di crist, Wb. 27a10 . it he caeli la suide ind apstail soscelae, Ml. 42b7 . is ed mind n-aingel Crist mac Dé, LU 944. measaim ... gurab í an chathair úd Ierusalem an domhan, TSh. 708.

In O.Ir. where the subject of the copula was a pronoun of the 1st or 2nd person, it required no other expression with an indef. pred. than that supplied by the 1st or 2nd person of the copula: at macc ríg, Trip.² 970. itib ingena ríg talman, 1138 . am dún díthogail, IT iii 53.26 .

Cf. Mid. Ir.: is descipul ... tu-su, PH 2768. conid mog De thú, 510 . is gadaige thu, 7781 . is clann én athar ┐ én máthar sind, 7501 .

With def. pred. the usage in O.Ir. is not certain (? at lūam in gaiscid grind (but: v.l. at tualaing gaiscid grind), Bruchst. 12 § 20 ). In the saga literature the normal expression is: Setanta ... atomchomnaicse, LU 4892. Rí Alban atomchomnaicse, RC xiii 446 § 31.

Cf. Mid. Ir.: is me Oengus céle Dé, SR 8009. ni thu Issau semnach na slóg | acht is tú int engach Iacób, 2876 . is mesi Ísu mac Dé, PH 3732. misse Marcellinus, comorba Petair, 612 (but cf. Tuan mac Cairill mesi, LU 1219 ).

At all periods of the language the expression of the copula in the 3rd persons was not obligatory at the head of a principal sentence: alind á óiph in forcitil, nemnech immurgu a inne, Wb. 7c1 . faelid-sem ... | os me chene am faelid, Thes. ii 293 § 6 ( SP II ). cride hē, | ... | ōcān ē, Bruchst. 69 § 160. ili insi Mod | ... | liä dāma Domnaill, 9 § 12 . Aed Ailig, inmain lim hé, ACL iii 304 § 1. Andreas ard a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6. glē la cāch immorro ba for teithed luid C. remiseom, TBC-I¹ 1260. móra a molta, Gorm. March 5. Fer Loga mo lennān-sa, ScM. § 20.12 . gnáth tromthóir dhoirbh 'na dheaghaidh, DDána 85 § 30. ionann sin ré a rádh ..., TSh. 2826.

SPECIAL USES.

In periphrasis (see Strachan, op. cit. p. 49): nitat huili robtar uilcc filii Israhel `all f. I. have not been evil,' Wb. 11a23 . is do immarchor chóre dotíagat ind fir so, 5a5 .

Elliptical: demes .i. mess dēde and, ūair it dá scín lais there are two blades ..., Corm. Y 438. is dos didiu isin blīadain tānaisi in fochlac .i. it ceitheora duillne fair, 423 . nī ba comairle aile acht a c[h]rochad, MacCongl. 19.4 .

Manibad were it not for , etc. with follg. accus.: mainbad éicin, Wb. 4a20 . manipad taschidetaid ind metir, Ml. 136c2 . manibad trocairi ndáe, 111b28 . manipad do chrúass, Trip.² 1370. menbad bíth einig F., TBC-LL¹ 1855. Later replaced by subst. vb.: meni beth in clessín ingantach, 2063 . ropsar marba ... | meni beth Find, RC vii 302.183 .

To express an obligation: praind do tomailt la marb hi tig ... is a hurcul `to eat a meal with a dead man in the house is forbidden,' Mon. Tall. 153.4 . ma dorat(d)a forcraid ngill is lóg a enech ... do aisiuc, Críth G. 288. ma ro-achtaigh comain airithi ina setaib, is a beth do, ┐ masa comain do rer dligid roachtaigh, is a beth air `soll es ihm werden ... soll er es bekommen,' Cóic Con. RE § 13.106 .

On sentences of the type ceso femmuin mbolgaig mbung, see Bergin, Ériu xii 197 ff .

Confusion between copula and subst. vb.: gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3 (? or read ro ba). dogniind ... airchisecht dib, mar no-béind athair doib `as though I had been their father,' PH 6107. Frequ. in ACC: boe (bui, bái, boi, v.ll.) sab suithe cech dind .i. ro bo sab daingen no soad cech ndimus, RC xx 168 § 26. boe saegul sneid .i. suail nó bec nó garit a saegul, § 24. boe seim sáth, § 25. boe dind oc libur leigdocht, § 27.

FORMS

(a) from O. Ir. glosses and texts in Thes. Pal. (for further exx. from O. Ir. glosses see Strachan, loc. cit.). (b) from other texts.

In Mid. Ir. the forms of the copula in the 1st and 2nd sg. and in all persons of the pl. fell to a great extent into disuse, their place being taken by the 3rd sg., of the tense required with a pron., corresponding in form to the O.Ir. infixed pron. or to the poss. pron. of the person and number to be expressed, infixed between it and the following predicate. Occasionally the inf. pron. was added to forms other than sg. 3, e.g. nídam for nída (s. 1), atar, atin (pl. 3+ inf. pron. pl. 1) for ammi, bem for be (fut. s. 1). These forms while at first used impersonally as already occurred in O. Ir., e.g. issum ēcen, Wb. 10d24 , isat dílmain-siu, Ml. 55d21 , diandam thísed mucc ḟonaithe robad-am béo, Stories from Táin 5.16 , later came to be felt as simply the copula, as is shown when plural forms are folld. by pl. adjj., e.g. nibar troig, SR 3641 , gurdar síthaig, Hib. Min. 82.23 , acht co mbadar maithe díblínaib, TBC-LL¹ 35 ; and by such instances as: gidar comaltai, ib. 3680 . ropdhar fir chomdeirgide, ib. 3535 . As it is not always possible to discover whether a particular writer regarded this combination of copula + inf. pron. as such or as copula only, all such examples have been grouped together, so that, for instance, all the forms under subj. past s. 1 below should be taken not necessarily as being, to the mind of the writer, that particular form but rather as being his way of expressing what would in O. Ir. be expressed by combin, etc.

Examples of the 1st and 2nd persons are found both in Classical verse and in Early Mod. Ir. prose but the more commonly occurring forms are those of the 3rd sg., number and person being expressed by independent pronouns: is ort iarraim gidh óg thú, DDána 67 § 3. is fearr mé iná thú, IGT Introd. 22 § 90. t'fhearg, a rí, ... | re searg dí bu fhearr inn-ne, DDána 10 § 22. ag an druing ... rénar milis briathra borba, TSh. 1568. do bhríogh nach cumhachtach sinn féin ris aní se, 30 . is beannuighthe sibhse, 5669 . do bhríogh gurbh fheasach thú gurbh amadán mé, 9638 .

Indic. pres.

A. Absolute

s. 1

(a) am: am tualang dano a hétarcerta, Wb. 12d22 . is airi am cimbid-se, 27c22 .

(b) am, im, isam, isim, sam: am senóir ┐ am lobur, Trip.² 2045. am caemsa ... am maccam, TBC-I¹ 583 - 4 . amm eolach, TBC-LL¹ 1750. uair am aithrech, SR 7824. (cf. isam aithrech, 7789 ). im fáilid, Ériu v 224.73 . as me Ulltán ... im fili, im faidh, BNnÉ 257 § 214. From early in Mid. Ir. period the form isam (<is s. 3+ inf. pron. s. 1) occurs, side by side with am. In follg. exx. it must already have been understood as s. 1: uair isam bensa curad caín, LU 8440 (FB). issam ingen ríg, TBFr. 163 = im, ZCP iv 38.11 . asam senoir, CCath. 5495. issim meabrach, Acall. 3115. orsam (=ór isam) heolach, SR 1786. sam crochta gan cionadh réil, Ó Bruad. ii 132.11 .

s. 2

(a) at, it: at fechem dom, Wb. 32a21 . air it firian-su, Ml. 55d11 .

(b) at, it, ot, isat, asat: at meirb, Fél. July 19 . at ferr do lāech indó-sa, ScM. § 16.8 . fobīth ad ōegi, TBC-I¹ 507 (YBL) = dáig ot áegi, LU 4996. it gilla co ngicil, TBC-I¹ 2667. id file, Content. iv 2. isat lac, Bruchst. 30 § 67. isatt áil-siu dam-sa, SCC 739 . isit aneōlach, MacCongl. 122.9 . isat duni dána, TBC-LL¹ 3057. asat tretholl-sa, TBC-I¹ 3632.

s. 3

(a) is, rel. as`: is samlith is comadas dúun, Thes. ii 246.3 (Camb.). is hé céetne fer ceta-ru-chreti, Wb. 7b11 . is ferr ainm do denom de, Sg. 26b5 . is cele dae in fer hisin, Ml. 30c3 . Freq. written iss before vowels: iss uisse, Wb. 22c21 . iss i rráe choir immumruidbed, 23d30 . iss ed inso nád chumaing, Sg. 209b13 . Freq. written together with a follg. initial s, one s falling out: isuáichnid, Wb. 23d30 . isamlaid, Thes. ii 11.40 (Bcr.). rel. brothchán as chóir duib, Wb. 33c15 . as choimtig, Sg. 54b8 .

(b) is(s), as, us, es, rel. as`, is` (it is not clear when lenition ceased to be used after the cop. used relatively. It is less often marked than not in TBC, see Ériu xiv 90 , 93 , 94 ): is túath oirdnither ríi[g], Críth G. 493. is toirthech int inber, Trip.² 370. is gabtha na eich ┐ iss innilti in carpat, MU² 49. is cosmhail Samson ┐ an bás, TSh. 763. iss a miad neich dogniat mancuine, BCrólige § 50. iss messe rorecsabair, SR 3636. i[s] slān in fear, Laws iii 156.5 . isaer ém domrimgartsa, LU 10307. as iat na fir[a] fola no saraigthe, Cóic Con. H § 59. in ti do beir ... as e do ron, Laws iv 32.19 . as do hIddomdaib do, PH 6946. In TSh. `both abs. and rel. are written as in MSS.,' TSh. Introd. xx n. 3 . es dilmain, Anecd. iii 23.5 . es coitcend, ib. 2 . essed dobeir ..., 26.24 . es bec trá ná comráncatar inn a mméur ocus a coss, CMT² 58 § 132 . es de boí inn nem-sin fuirri(r), CMT² 60 § 133 . ar us aire isperar ..., Laws i 264.7 . ar us merle cach n-indligiudh, ii 70.25 . Somet. the vowel of IS is dropped: ┐ síad bhīos ag coimhēad, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1341. rel. as chóir, Mon. Tall. 146.27 . as chórus, Críth G. 223. a n-us tol lat-su, MacCongl. 33.9 . ? With class C inf. pron.: forband ... as-dom moo airli, Echtrae Chonnlai 121 § 6 . After constructions which take rel. n- the predicate of the copula is eclipsed (where the first word of the predicate is unstressed the usage varies): do thaidbsiu as n-iress nóibas, Wb. 19b14 . as ndia side gl. doceo, 13a18 . as n-é tairrchet, 6d6 . as ndirruidigthe a n-animm-sin, Sg. 56b10 . as ndí Assaraib ... rogabad in salm-sa, Ml. 35a10 . asberat as ndu deacht ... rogabad, 24d29 (but cf. adciam ... as ar chenél cruche adrímther ..., Thes. ii 246.25 (Camb.)). amail is n-adētchide in flesc, Corm. Y 606.8 . In Mid. Ir. rel. n- dropped out: uair ... as inann nadúir don duine ┐ ..., PH 7433. amail as diaisneisi in Coimdi, Ériu ii 144 § 159. in tan is indligthech iat, Cóic Con. H § 14. amail as crom craobh fo chnoibh, BS 54.15 . Very early the non-rel. form IS is used for rel. and vice versa, see above: cía dit maccaib is diliu latt ?, Trip.² 1774. mer is laugu, Corm. Y 809. is ed is chonar fugill ann ..., Cóic Con. RE § 24. intí is cosmail do Dia, PH 6266. ní íar chána is ḟairbrígh d'ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 980.

pl. 1

(a) ammi, ammin, immi: ammi techtiri árt-phersine, Wb. 24d9 . ammi irlaim ... do dul martre, 4b21 . amminn imdibatai-ni ┐ ammin dilachtai, Ml. 83c3 . airmi (leg. airimmi, Ed.) ardu-ni, 23d23 .

(b) ammin, ar, dar, atar, isar, atin: is olc ar mblāth amin gorti, TBC-I¹ 1614. amin mairb, BDD² 330. ar troig ... dot' impartain we are wretched, SR 1482. ar n-idain fiad testaib Dé, 3583 . fortgellam Dia ... dar slana on chinaid-se, 3612 . cid einech rígh rontidnaic | atar dimdaig ..., Hib. Min. p. 82.x . isar scítha énirti, CCath. 2562. `atin budig de' ar an oicc, Anecd. i 5.18 (cf. batin aithrig, Ériu i 68 § 3 ).

pl. 2

(a) adib, idib, adi: adib cland Abrache, Wb. 19c20 . adib oís muntire, 21c4 . adi mmaicc, 9a13 . hóre adi ellachti, 21c17 . ar idib maithi, 16b9 .

(b) itib, at(a)bar, atfor: ár itib ingena ríg, Trip.² 1138. itib lía andú, BDD² 412 (= dáig abtar (leg. atbar) lia andúsa, LU 6870 ). ┐ itib degdoene, LL 281b28 . atabair ecen, LU 8097 (FB). is dásacht a ndognithi-si ┐ atbar dásachtaig fen, LB 212a10 . atabar glana-si, PH 5262. 5264 . apraid fris at for n-aithrig do debaid fris, Cymmr. xiv 118.11 ( Rawl. 132b29 ).

pl. 3

(a) it, at (once only in non-rel. sense), rel. ata`, at, et: it carit domsa, Wb. 5c7 . it dássactig, 12d36 . it coitchena, Sg. 10a1 . air at cuidi tirmaidi sidi, Ml. 123d3 . rel. in mairb ata thestis, Wb. 30a11 . it sib ata chomarpi, 19c20 . do retaib ata chosmaili fri fír, Ml. 51b8 . it hesidi at inbésa, 45d1 . it hé sidi et inbéso, 27a9 . confitetar són ata ndoini, 91c18 .

(b) it, at, isat, isid, rel. ata`, at: at remra na loeg ┐ it buidig na hoegid, Hy. v 25 Comm. it é inso trá gníma bóairech, Críth G. 183. it móra, Trip.² 1291. isat úathe dó ilib, 3096 . it cadlai dí ingein A., Fél. Dec. 9. at bidbaid, IT iii 502 § 10. isat bána, 514 § 7. hit imṡláin, SR 194. at mora, 3625 . id mesa indád demno, Anecd. iii 27.4 . at aena `these are of one day,' Laws i 156.y . at móra glonna Medbi, TBC-I¹ 1668. it cāema, 583 . cf. is mōra na comada' ... `isad mōra,' 2233 - 4 . i n-ifern isid bronaigh, Anecd. iii 55.29 (Síaburcharpat) = at brónaig, LU 9462. at cotarsnai, PH 711. isat lána, 5870 . rel. it é ata érlama, Trip.² 1539. amuis ata chórai, Críth G. 578. dí gérait at glainiu, Fél. May 7. saire ada lugu, Laws v 102.6 . laích ata dech, BDD² 757. adad dech, 1159 . seoit ... ad adhailge daib, Anecd. ii 53.3 . áos ata etromae cinaith `whose sins are lighter,' Mon. Tall. 158.7 . dāine ata maige imarīadam `on whose plains we would drive about,' Otia i 122 § 4.

B. Conjunct.

I Neg.

s. 1

(a) níta`, nída`: nita chumme-se friu-som, Wb. 20c25 . nida apstal apstil, 18c1 . sech níta aidlicen, Ml. 70b7 .

(b) nída`, nídam, nídom, nímda, ním, níam, níom, níum: nída choimsech mu ṡoíre, Trip.² 2976. nida (nidu, v.l.) dīr dermait it is not fitting for me to forget, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 16 § 1. nidha bheo-sa, TBC-LL¹ 6080 (fut. sense). nīdam macc, TBC-I¹ 645 (= nimda, LU 5129 ). nīdom sāitheach, TBC-I¹ 507 (= nimda, LU 4996 ). nīm láech cen lāmach, TBC-I¹ 2260. nidam dermatach, LU 10286. nidam snímach, SR 2382. nim dana, 2069 . nimda scál-sa ┐ nimda aurdrach, ZCP xiii 373.11 . nidom athair do duiniu, viii 561 § 2 . ni dam ben-sa fós do, Caithr. CC § 93. nida Christadi, Irish Texts i 2 § 4 . nidom chuchtach, BS 30.1 . níom tualaing suan, TSh. 2144. ní um claoidhte re a gcionnluas (ní um chl., v.l.), Ó Bruad. ii 138.6 .

s. 2

(a) No occurrence.

(b) nída, nídad, nídat, nít: nida tūalaing mo ergairi, Ériu i 116 § 6. nidad dichumaing, Anecd. i 11.13 . nít marbdae for tercphit, Fél. Sept. 8. nīt mess methchrainn, Bruchst. 17 § 33. nít firlaech-su, TBC-LL¹ 1343. nidat doss ós duss, 3460 . nidat mac-sa, FDG 718.

s. 3

(a) ní (geminates the follg. consonant, e.g. is rad dáe ... ni mmarilliud `(it is) not my merit,' Wb. 21c20 ): ní cuman lim, Wb. 8a3 . ní cuit broto acht is dugrés, Ml. 32c10 .

(b) ní (a form nís occurs once in ACC and may possibly be archaic: hua Airt nís Neill co nert `not with N.'s strength is he,' RC xx 406 § 128 ): ní rí Caisil co rón-ordnea, Trip.² 2302. ní tiamdae tim-som, Fél. Prol. 259. ni cosmail smachta cacha raithe, Laws iv 78.4 . ní segda, LU 1655. ni fír, PH 2715. ní críonna an tí nach tuigeann, DDána 35 § 2. ní hiongnadh an meas soin do bheith ..., TSh. 243. The follg. exx. from TBC show lenition after ní but they may be scribal errors: ní ḟlaith Ulad nod chosna, 2788 . ní ḟurusa, 3050 . In Mod. Ir. ní prefixes h to a fully-stressed word but not to a proclitic: ní ag cnúasach bó am theagh atá, Éigse iii 168 § 9 (and see note). With inf. pron.: nímdil cid dīthrub Temair (glossed: ní hinmain lem T. cid fas), Hy. ii 44. ním-nert acht mac Dé I have no strength but ..., LL 133b8 . nin-fissid frisbered omnu huain `not to us is the Knower who used to avert fears from us,' RC xx 164 § 16 (ACC). nin forcetlaid, ib. § 18.

pl. 1

(a) nítam`, nítan`, nídan`: nitam toirsich (sic leg., Ed.) gl. non angustiamur, Wb. 15b21 (a prima manu). nidan chumachtig for n-irisse, 14c41 . nidan chosmili, 14d37 . ar nitan reprobi-ni, 18b9 .

(b) nidar: nidar n-idain, SR 3626. nidar glain, 1609 .

pl. 2

(a) nítad, nídad (see OIPG p. 66 n. ): nitad lib fésin `ye are not your own', Wb. 9d11 . nidad óegid, 21b14 . 14a8 . ar nídad ferr-si, 8c7 .

(b) nibar, nifor: nibar troig, SR 3641. ni for gliccu ... inda oen na n-ánmanna, 1235 . is tróg niforn-intliuchtach (? leg. -aig), 1238 .

pl. 3

(a) nítat, nítaat, nídat, nít, nis: nitat cosnama domundi, Wb. 7d12 . ar nitaat cosmuli, 9b17 . nídat chummai, Ml. 115b3 . nit derachti, 128d1 .

(b) nídat calaid, Fél. Jan. 17. nít mórdai fria ngudi, March 1. nītad tabartha, TBC-I¹ 2856. nídat námait, LU 8264. nidat glain, SR 7996. nidad tlaithi, 1571 . nidat carpait, MU² 374. nit righ os ro-chathaib, LL 386a18 . nīdat cuibde, MacCongl. 7.16 . In ZCP xx 371 f. , Thurneysen gives the follg. exx. of a 3 pl. form, nis, occurring in Law texts: acht nis cosmailsi comarba[i] `aber Erben sind nicht von Gleichheit,' Laws iii 42.25 . atait tri comurba la Feine, nis comsaer a cuir, 46.18 . nis dilsi acht a tri, ZCP xiii 21.17 . nis cuir bel dilsi, xii 365.1 . nis maithi dam log n-aisi, logh sinsire, log fognama, ib. 8 .

II With dependent negatives:

(a) nád who (or which) is not, that (it) is not (see s.v. 1 nád, 2 nád, 3 nád and Strachan, loc. cit. l. 1007 ff.).

(b) nant, nan that (it) is not (see s.v. nan and Subst. Vb. l. 1011 ff .).

(c) nách that (it) is not (see s.v. 3 nach, 4 nach and Subst. Vb. l. 1018 ff. ). For nícon, noco, nochon, etc., see s.v. nícon.

III With interrog. particle in-:

s. 1

(a) inda: inda apstal `am I an apostle ?,' Wb. 10c20 .

(b) ? anom (=indom) adbar gascedaig, Ériu xiv 89.2175 (= TBC-LL¹ 1186 ).

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) indat: indat creitmech, Trip.² 917. indat ómnach ?, Lat. Lives 90.0 . indot eolac[h], CCath. 2883. indat sochenel, PH 695.

s. 3 For both (a) and (b) the interrog. particle alone is used, i.e. in (later an) :

(a) in cuntubart lib inso, Wb. 3c3 . in ed fodera báas domsa, 3c33 .

(b) inn a síthib in do déib dúib ?, Trip.² 1114. co fessur ... in he [Is]sau no inne Iacob, SR 2884. an beó do thigerna ?, BDD² 1519.

pl. 3

(a) indat: indat mbriathra ? `is it the words ?,' Ml. 44b9 (cf. sechitat n-é (sic MS.), V below).

(b) indat: nocon fetarsa indat ilgnae do-chuirither in folt fair fo indat trí fuilt failet fair, BDD² 1125 - 6 . indat facsi don purt are they near ...?, LU 1873 (ICM). indat pettai sút no indat éoin chena, TBC-LL¹ 1328. Later the interrog. particle without pl. suffix is used also for pl.: co findara in n-iat tanic, PH 440.

IV With neg. interrog.

s. 2 (a) cenita: cenita chumgabtha-siu `art Thou not exalted ?' Ml. 84c3 .

s. 3

(a) cani, cini: cani doich, Wb. 5b35 . cani messe immoforling cretim dúibsi, 10c18 . cani mebuir lib, 20a5 . cini glé lib ..., 12d4 . cini inonn, 18a16 . caní románda .ó., Sg. 49b23 .

(b) cani: Ōengus do guin ... cani ōin do decraib Dē ?, Bruchst. 50 § 110 .

These forms were early replaced by nách q.v. s.v. 5 nach (nách).

Interrogative sentences containing cía, cid who, what (is). etc.

(i) The copula is not expressed after cía but that it is implied is clear from the follg. rel.: cinuid mic n-altrumu, cia forsa tiagat ?, Laws ii 178.3 . cia roblaiss bethaid ┐ na faicfe éc (qui vivit ┐ non videbit mortem), LL 281a32 . cia tir ass as[s]am lat do thabairt dúinne, ZCP viii 318.33 . gá cara don uile as fhearr, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 5. cia in fear sin ?, Anecd. ii 9.22 . cía can duib ?, Trip.² 1113. In gen.: coich úainn hí ? to which of us will it belong ?, 811 . íarfaigset dó ... cúich he, LU 1838. With verbal ending added: cóichet na heich se ?, 8522 (FB).

(ii) cid (see Thurneysen, GOI § 466 ): cid as dénti frisin, Wb. 12d41 . cid as maith, 12d12 . ní tucthar cid frissa-sennar, 12c46 . cid is conair ... is sed is conair ..., Cóic Con. H § 138. cid ara n- why ? : cid ara ndéntar pecthach díim, Wb. 2a10 . cid ara cuinchi-siu sein ?, Thes. ii 307.12 ( Hy. ii Introd. ). cid ara n-eipenar ?, Laws ii 194.2 . cid ara cuirther do trise ina lesa so ?, i 236.9 . cid how ? cid na déccaid uili how do not ye all see, Fél. Prol. 201. cid ēcōru mo beithse and anās ..., TBC-I¹ 2224.

pl. 3 citné (`gekürzt aus ci ata n-é ,' Thurn., ZCP xx 372 ): assindet sunt tra citné cumacte diandid cóir in fognam `what are the powers unto which the service is proper,' Wb. 6a9 . citné briathra robatar `what were the words ?,' Ml. 61b7 . citné robatar `what were they,' ib. 8 . citne a nanmand na soerbard (caidet, v.l.), IT iii 5.8 . ceitni trī seōit fūair C. ?, ZCP xiii 5 § 19. citni rig ... robatar' sind amsir sin ?, SR 2347. The corresponding form in the Laws is cisné: cisne lesa do na ibh sen tascnat treise `what cases of these extend to three days ?,' Laws i 230.21 . cisne tri biada na tuillead leaptha na hapta, v 438.14 . cisne trí ana soitcedach `what are the three wealths ...,' Triads 239. Sometimes cis immediately precedes the noun : cis formmenn écndaircc doslíat dílsi ?, ZCP xii 366.25 . cis ndíthle do trebaib na tuillet dire ?, 26 . cis forcsen fola la Fēne ?, BCrólige § 65. cis lir how many: cis lir congellait for tresi, Laws i 230.3 . cis lir lanamna docuisin la feine ?, ii 344.1 . cis lir chuir dochuisin ?, iii 4.5 . cis lir fodlai filet forsin mbairdne ?, IT iii 6.13 . cf. cit lir fodlai ..., ib. 20 .

V With various conjunctions.

(i) cía, cé, ci although, that.

s. 1

(a) No instance.

(b) ciam, cidam : ciam toebnocht, SR 1540. cid am laech-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1677. misi gedam foidhidech, ZCP xii 393 § 10. gidh im c[h]rochbán-sa, BS 138.y . giodh am midhiongmhala, Parrth. Anma 333.18 .

s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) cíasa, cidat : cíasa lobur, no rega, Trip.² 1282. cidat fír-Dhia ... ro-gabais colaind ndoenda, PH 163.

s. 3

(a) césu, céso, cíasu, cíaso, cíasa : cesu threde in tummud, Wb. 21d13 . ciaso ḟolud ... sluindes, Sg. 211b7 .

(b) césu, céso, cíasa, cid, gid : césu réid ar lebrán, Fél. Ep. 133. ciasa (ceso, v.l.) femmain [m]bolgaigh [m]bung (see Ériu xii 197 ), Corm. Y 1059.64 . ciasa díthrub, Metr. Dinds. iv 42.2 . ciodh olc an bás nádúrtha, TSh. 987. gidh ionann atá ..., 2900 .

pl. 1

(a) No instance.

(b) cíammin, gidar : cíammin bí, BDD² 329. gidar comaltai, TBC-LL¹ 3680

pl. 2

(a) cenuded', cenotad' : cenuded issidi (=ḟissidi) `although ye are knowing,' Thes. i 713.25 (Tur. Cod.). cenotad maic-si raith, Wb. 33b8 . cenutad suíre, 4a10 .

pl. 3

(a) cetu', ceto' : cetu chummascthai, Sg. 62a2 . ceto écintecha, 203b10 .

(b) ciato', cetu', ciat, cidat : ciato chomṡruithi, Críth G. 493. cetu cummai a feba, Bruchst. 39 § 94. cíat ísliu fíad dáinib ... bit áird, Fél. Prol. 153. cidhat (cit, v.l.) ili fuile, Corm. Y 975.39 . srotha in dithruib ... ciat serba slassa, SR 4071. cidat mora, 446 . cidad mōra, TBC-I¹ 2235. ceat olca, ZCP vii 269 § 17. Ériu ii 122 § 63.

cía + neg. s. 3

(a) cinid, cenid : cinidlúith (=cinid dlúith) lib, Wb. 12b9 . cinith mút, Sg. 5b4 . cenid ed, Ml. 85b11 .

(b) cenid, cini : cenid mé in murgelt, LU 3022 (H). cini di sīl Chuind dóu, ZCP xiii 375.10 .

(ii) má (ma) s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) masat (masae, v.l.) : masat mac Dé, PH 4708. masad acuraig, CCellaig 449 . masat eólach, ZCP xiii 3 § 5. másat (masae, v.l.) geilt, BS 100.13 .

s. 3

(a) masu', maso', masa' (see Thurneysen, KZ xlviii 60f .) : masu chundubart, Wb. 4d28 . masa choimdiu, Ml. 108c16 .

(b) masu', masa', mas' : see s.v. 3 má (ma). Add : masu ar oítid, Trip.² 1483. mása thol, 584 . a Ḟir diad masa thú, TBC-LL¹ 3659. massa anfisac, Laws iv 36.25 Comm. mas da fis, 22 Comm. mas é Dubthach, TBC-LL¹ 2780. masad (massa, v.l.) ḟír, Mór M. 266.15 . mása thoil leat, TSh. 8093. más é is críoch, 1366 .

pl. 3

(a) matu : matu hé ata horpamin, Wb. 2c14 .

(b) masat, mástat : masat elti, MU² 399. mástat carait ... mastat námait, LU 9091 (FB).

ma + neg. s. 3

(a) manid : manid fír, Wb. 13b14 . 17b32 . Ml. 21a11 .

(b) manid, minad, minid, munid, minap, munab : manid caindleóracht, LU 9196 (FB). minad hé, BDD² 1287. minid hé, 917 . mani daig, 593 . munab follus, TSh. 5164. See s.v. 3 má (ma) and TSh. Introd. xxi n. 3 . The form béso, bésu is used as a subjunctive (for its origin see Thurn., KZ xlviii 60.f .) : bésu dagduine cini estar túari `he may be a good man,' Wb. 6b23 , 24 . massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi, 19b11 .

(iii) co n- so that.

s. 1

(a) conda : is rad dée immum-forling conda apstal, Wb. 13b6 . conda marb, 19a17 . 17c10 .

(b) conda, conam, conadam, conidam : domāncatar-sa uile | conda eōlach a n-achne, Otia i 127 § 29. conam torsech co haithbe, 128 § 33. rom ebail Sencha ... conidam trén, LU 10285. 10304 . conad am lista liumm fadén ┐ nach am inmain frisnach āen, MacCongl. 95.4 .

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) condat adbartnaigthi-siu, PH 1795.

s. 3

(a) condid, conid : condid flaith do in coimdiu, Wb. 9d2 . tremiberar ... conid ainm dun chrunn, 8a5 . condid di thetacht in spírto ... profetauit , Thes. i 496.26 (Ardm.). conid e epscop insin cita-ruoirtned, ii 241.15 (ib.). conid femen, Sg. 123b2 . condid étrummu, Ml. 90a11 . connid ed, 91a19 .

(b) condid, conid, conad, cunad, etc.: condid ann, AU i 434.22 (A.D. 916) . Hib. Min. 25. conid eiter a lamaib ..., Mon. Tall. 153.12 . conid edh, AU i 538.6 (A.D. 1015) . conid soillsi, Corm. Y 426. LU 10931. 10306 . PH 2245. 720 . conad dēach ainm gach sillaibe, Corm. Y 500. PH 1371. 6132 . Laws iv 18.2 Comm. cunad fír, MU² 284. cunid soillsithir, 554 . condad leis Aidhne, Ériu i 46.32 . conodh i, Ériu iii 141.206 . conud e, RC vi 184.19 . gonid lór, ACL iii 306 § 1 . gonadh aire sin ..., Ó Héodhusa 51.1. TSh. 1824. 5960 . conid was replaced by gurab (gur), gura originally a subjunctive form : corop Tuigi im Thamon and sain, LL ii 9911 . gorop de atá Cruachna Áe, ii 12397 . innister curab pecthaig ..., RC xxiv 378.17 . gurab droch-duine ..., PH 7682. corub iat, 445 corab í so, 7334 . gurb i luaithreadh ..., TSh. 300. gur bréagach a bhreathnughadh, 395 . gurab é an bás, 37 . gurab tearc, 94 . er co ra mian leisin nádúir maith do dénum, PH 7394. gur tú mo Chruthaightheoir, Donlevy 406.5 . gur ionmholta, 132.10 . do-fedar gura tú C., ZCP viii 546.26 . Cf. also : casmail lem gom (=co mba) e in mac beg, 538.15 .

pl. 1

(a) condan : hóre ronsóirni ... condan fírianichthi, Wb. 2d14 . immunrordad condan maicc togu non naturae , 20d10 .

(b) No instances.

pl. 3

(a) condat : condat anman som, Sg. 188b3 . condat reli inna aicsin hisin, Ml. 51d15 .

(b) condat, condot, cundat : condat e tri decmainge in domain a d[t]indtud, Laws v 426.3 . condat cora, SR 296. SCC 320 . PH 736. cundat marthanaig, MU² 310. gondat Ulaid, TBC-LL¹ 704.

(iv) With cen co (not found in Glosses) :

(b) s. 1 gon com (gen gob, v.l.) maith-se oc immarbáig, TBC-LL¹ 3219.

s. 3 gion go glan mo sgáth, DDána 24 § 30. gion gur caomh a dhreach, 91 § 6.

(v) With no :

s. 1

(a) nonda', nunda' : amal nonda thorisse `as I am trustworthy,' Wb. 10a28 . a nunda thinnachtae-se, Ml. 126d12 .

s. 2

(a) nonda', nunda' : lassaní nonda brithem `when Thou art judge,' Ml. 92a15 . a nnunda chocuibsid-siu, 58b6 . 38c27 .

pl. 1

(a) nundem, nundan : oire nundem membur uili du Dea, Thes. ii 246.5 (Camb.). á nnundan deeth ní, Ml. 120b3 .

pl. 2

(a) nondad : amal nondad maicc cóima, Wb. 27b16 .

(b) These forms did not survive O. Ir.

(vi) After the co-ordinating conjunctions sech and noch the absolute form is used. See under 2 sech and 1 noch. sechi whoever, whatever probably contains cop. s. 3 : sechi é cretes `whosoever believes,' Wb. 15b1 . sechi hed bás són `whatsoever death ...,' 13c1 . sechi dú nu-t-soe-siu, Ml. 112b6 .

pl. 3 sechitat hé ` whoever they are ,' 49a19 . sechitat hé (né, MS.) ` whatsoever ,' Thes. ii 25.38 (Bcr.). (Cf. indat mbriathra, III above).

VI With various prepositions in relative clauses.

(i) i n- (in many exx. has the force of a conjunction, see Ériu i 12 ) :

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) inda : cid at-chí dúnd, inda fisid `since thou art ...,' BDD² 545.

s. 3

(a) indid, innid : cia airm indid immaircide do epert amén, Wb. 12d18 . ind labrada innid eula nech, Ml. 42c4 . indid mailliu a tuile `by which the flood is slower,' Thes. ii 14.35 (Bcr.). 20.41 (ib.).

(b) indid, inid, inad, ina: indid Niall ... ro malart since it is N. ..., AU i 438.26 (A.D. 918). indid Alend is dún fás, Hail Brigit § 14. inid mo athair ... ortabairsi, BDD² 737. Bruchst. 47 § 105.3 . inad gilla óc ... tarfás dúnn, BDD² 161. PH 5029. do Maig Mell inid rí Boadag, LU 10004. aít init sruithiu dliged oldas naidm, ZCP xiii 23.1 . inad ina fairsingi in cathuir, Maund. § 75. eccla ifirn ... 'na minic fóidh guil, ACL iii 216.17 . Forms originally perf. and subj. came to be used as pres. indic. : sé céimeanna 'nar cosmhail ré chéile iad, TSh. 1231. ní fhuil ainm oile ... ionarb (ionab, v.l.) éigean sinne do shlánughadh, 2088 . neg. traigle i nach ūathad uidre, Bruchst. § 88. teagh is nach uathadh urra, DDána 119 § 23.

pl. 3

(a) indat : indat iudei itirroscar[sat] fri hiris n-abarche since they are Jews, Wb. 5b34 . cid ind aimser indat sláin ennaic som, Ml. 76a6 .

(b) in am indat slána, TBC-LL¹ 952. inat ṡlana, 1386 .

(ii) día n- :

s. 1

(a) No instances.

(b) díanda, díanam : Chríst dianda chéle `whose servant I am,' Fél. Ep. 307. an rí díanam gilla, ZCP v 497 § 12.

s. 2

(a) No instances.

(b) díandat : cia díandat céliusiu ?, TBC-I¹ 1382.

s. 3

(a) díant, díandid, dían : intí diant ainm discessio, Wb. 26a5 . in rét diant torbach ..., Ml. 121d1 . dian-did nomen hiber, Sg. 100b1 . in son diandid tintud ..., Ml. 37a10 . dian duthoig Liphe, Thes. ii 295 § 4 ( SP v ). neg. di nach follus (=dunach, Edd.), Thes. ii 8.35 (Acr.).

(b) díand, díanid, díanad, dían, díanda, dían(d)at, dána, dán, etc.: dianid opair oen laithi, AU i 342.22 (A.D. 839) . Corm. Y 825.2 . fer dianid comainm Labán, SR 2944. diand sanctlethan slondad, Fél. June 12 . April 22 . indī dianda coimmēid, Corm. Y 269. 892 . dianad ainm clí, 275 . PH 5180. 5494 . mí diandat (diando, MS., dianid, v.l.) ainm Marsiius, Corm. Y 892. cid dianat maith ind uair si ?, Hib. Min. p. 50.6 . Cū dīan comainm Culand, TBC-I¹ 2263. dianaid rī, 560 . dian serb cach sruith, ZCP vi 267 § 2. cia dana céile thusa ?, viii 545.2 . Ériu ii 229.19 . drem dīb dan eōl, ZCP viii 216 § 78. Laws iv 60.12 . ACL iii 237 § 15. na nathrach neimhe danadh ainm tyrus , TSh. 8973. Pres. subj. and perf. forms used as pres. indic. : darab ceann sgríbe an chríoch dhéidheanach, TSh. 725. cia d'ar ceart, Donlevy 106.7 . neg. airchindech do nach diur adhultrus, Laws i 58.22 Comm. do neoch do nar bo chotlud, TBC-LL¹ 2962. cia dánach feasach ... ?, TSh. 6401.

pl. 3

(a) neg. : donnatdet adblama inna esiu (leg. inna hísiu, Edd.) `to whom these things are not ready,' Thes. i 713.23 (Tur. Cod.).

(b) díanat, díandat : amail rondeiligthe sinethae dianat anmanna dela, Corm. Y 431. Metr. Dinds. iii 312.116 . bó ... díandat slána a secht mbliadna, LU 8122.

(iii) ara n- :

(a) arndid : cid arndid ísliu aesce quam sol , Thes. ii 22.41 (Bcr.). in di accuis ... arndid coitchen ..., Sg. 200a13 .

(b) ara n- : is ed sin ara n-amra `arcu fuin' `for which a.f. is admirable,' ZCP vii 312 § 26.

(iv) ó n- :

(a) óndid, ónid : in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich, Wb. 12d23 . honid techtae molad Dáe, Ml. 51c2 .

(b) ón, óna, ónab : díles Néill ón cunnail cell, Ériu iv 92 § 1. toirt[h]igi in lā | ōnab lēir feadha, ACL iii 235 § 21. gním óna mó ar dtachrádh, IGT Decl. ex. 412.

(v) frissa n- :

(a) frisin : dochum cétnidetad frisin cosmil `to which it is like,' Sg. 188a13 .

(b) frisnid, ren, rena, renab, renar : inmain samail frisnid cosmail a n-adchīusa, TBC-I¹ 2875. nech risnid [andsa], LU 4004. drem ren dothroide ar ndeabhaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1167. is dona neithibh renab usa truailled do gabail cuigi, in baindi, Rosa Angl. 112.8 . dream ... réna deacair, TSh. 4665. ag an druing ... rénar milis, 1568 . 711 .

pl. 3

(a) No instance.

(b) frisndat : inna ferta sa ... cía beith nech risndat móra araide isat úathe dó ilib, Trip.² 3096.

(vi) lasa n- :

(a) lasin : intí lasin format, Ml. 129b3 . lasin n-accubur, 53c16 .

(b) lasnad, lenab : intí lasnád ecul `who fears,' PH 2411. lasnad ail, 1421 . cibé lénab mór a n-abraim, Keat. i 76.44 .

(vii) oca n- :

(a) No instance.

(b) ri ind lochta hicnad suithi a n-ord, RC xx 174 § 38 (ACC). co flaith Dúrlais, 'cán mór mé, Hy Fiach. 284.5 . sdéd gan dóigh urraim na n-eillteadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1177 = gán, 662 .

(viii) fa n- (O. Ir. imm) :

(a) No instance.

(b) fán, fána : a cCionn Coradh fan léir magh, ZCP viii 225 § 42. fáth fána doilghe ... an bás, TSh. 1132.

(ix) asa n- :

(a) No instance.

(b) asarb : briathra asarb iontuigthe ..., TSh. 5664.

(x) forsa n-, fora n- :

(a) No instance.

(b) forab : o sheircc in domain-sea forab airchindech diabul, PH 7118.

Cons. Pres.

s. 3

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) bid : bid coitchenn dliges cach ngrád ... i córus othrusa, Críth G. 50. bés bid cethrar nó chóicer bíte hi comarbus bóairech, 146 .

Conj.

(a) -bi, -pi : nipi cían a masse in choirp, Wb. 28c25 . 12c12 . air nibi eulach, Ml. 42c9 . 128d3 . níbí cian, 91d2 . combi remib rethith iarum, Wb. 13b13 . indhí lasmbi accobur, 30c23 . imbí hinun folud whether the substance is the same, Sg. 188a6 .

(b) -bi, -pi : nī bī clōen in t-ere, Corm. Y 447.16 . ni bi briugu nad bi cedach, Laws v 76.10 . i ngait nádbi aí `which is not his,' Críth G. 218. ben las(a)mbi cuma cip cia las fia, BCrólige § 44. is bec a ain iphthi compí sāitheach, ZCP vi 257.y . i tig as mbi eggna suillsi, BDD² 175. dīa mbī dīn Cūan Caill, Four Songs 20 § 4 . pl. 1 (a) ? isin chruth-sin bimmi nóib-ni 'it is thus that we become holy' Wb. 3 d 27 , ZCP xxxii 120 .

pl. 3

(a) No instance.

(b) bit : imscarad dotluigigter flaith fri aigillni na bit anfolaid in ceili gaibter ann `a separation which the chief requests from the tenant not on account of any disqualification of the tenant,' Laws ii 316.z .

Ipv.

s. 2

Abs.

(a) ba' : ba chuimnech dilguda duinni, Ml. 46b29 .

(b) ba, bat : ba faitech ar nā ba fīachach, Anecd. iii 13.10 = bat fattech, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 14 § 3.1 . bát umal ... bat cumnech, LU 3490 - 1 . bat cúimnech, PH 1208.

Conj.

(a) -ba', pa' : naba thoirsech, Wb. 29d19 . napa chondarcell, 31c22 .

(b) -ba, -bad, -b(a)dat, -rbat, -rab, -rsat : nā ba lonn frim, TBC-I¹ 1210. nad bad lond-so, TBC-LL¹ 1045. na badat, 1106 . nabdat dolam, SR 1253. narbat (marab, narab, v.ll.) timtheirc tais, KMMisc. 262 § 9. nárbhat dian, Acall. 587. nárbat bronach-su, FDG 397.

s. 3

Abs.

(a) bad', bed', pad' : bad chore dúib friu `have peace towards them,' Wb. 27d11 . bed chuimnech, 33d5 . pad glicc far n-intliucht, 5c21 .

(b) bad, ba : arān Mochue ... ba hé dobertar dúin, Mon. Tall. 128.25 . bad and sein not adnastar, Trip.² 2991. bat (bá, v.l.) tusu bas ara, 2580 . bad (bud, bidh, bu, v.ll.) sonairt ar n-airle, Fél. Prol. 261. bad uallach, ScM. § 4.11 . ba (bá, LU) maith blāth in claideb, TBC-I¹ 934. bá[d] sí riar Aengusa, Ériu xii 146.2 (Tochm. Ét.). nech atcobra bithbethaid ... bat umhal, ZCP vii 312 § 23. With inf. pron. s. 2 : badat cuman remember, Rawl. 72b39 .

Conj.

(a) -bad' : nábad chotarsne fri bar n-ícc a nno-gessid, Wb. 24b3 . nabad do réir far colno beithe, 6b4 .

(b) -bad, -bud, -pa : ná bad ead do-gneth, BDD² 411. nábad olc do menma, LU 3271. na pa machtad amh libsi, Mon. Tall. 157.20 . nā bud sgēlach, ZCP vii 311 § 9.

pl. 1

(a) ban', baán' : ban chossmaili friar tuissech, Wb. 33b20 . 29b17 . baán tairismich do irnigdi, 5d22 .

(b) No instance.

pl. 2

Abs.

(a) bad', bed' : bad chensi fri cách, Wb. 24b1 . bad treúin i n-iriss, 27a6 . bed adthramli .i. gaibid comarbus for n-athar, 9a14 .

(b) No instance.

Conj.

(a) -bad' : nabad anfoirbthi-si, Wb. 12d26 .

(b) ? nadib leisc, SR 7843. narbar dúrcridig, 4842 .

pl. 3

Abs.

(a) bat' : bat chosmuli frinni `let them be like unto us,' Wb. 17c5 .

(b) bat, bad : bat menci do dalai, Ériu viii 173.8 . bad sgrībt[h]a a sgēla, ZCP viii 110 § 10.

Conj.

(a) -bat : bad armatura dei bess lib nábat nacha arm aili, Wb. 22d14 .

(b) No instance.

Impf.

s. 3

(a) No instance.

(b) bíth : nicon ibdis bandai cormmai i tír Cualand, cia bith ara tecmainged dóib `whoever it used to be that they used to meet,' Mon. Tall. 129.19 (tr. Bergin, Ériu xii 209 , q.v.).

pl. 3 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 225 f. ).

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) batis : a trian rocharsa[t] Coin Culainn batís [d]aill ... batis clóin ... batis guit, RC viii 60.15 ( LL 117a7 - 10 ). ? batis gnatha ar buadhuiph band, Anecd. ii 70.8 .

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -btis : imrethitis a da thraigid ┐ a n-adbrond comtís luathidir ruathar funemda, Ériu iv 30.2 . comtis scítha, Snedg. u. Mac R § 27. dabertis T.D.D. lubi ... for aibnib ... comtís brecca ... na srotha díb, TBC-LL¹ 4213. comdis fliuch iad do deraib, TTebe 3711 . comtis, 2884 . nībtis omain neich `they used not to fear any man,' ZCP iii 38.25 (tr. Ériu xii 225 ).

Subj. Pres.

s. 1

(a) -ba : ciaba deróil la nech, Wb. 18a7 . 23b29 . niba dimicthe-se libsi `I should not be despised by you,' 21d3 . mainba aecne lib, 17c10 .

(b) -ba, -pa, ropom (ropa, v.l.), -rbom, -rbam, -rba, -bam ; with ma, madam : ni reg-sa assin chruachán-sa co mba marb, Trip.² 1294. nipá pene na régi, Mon. Tall. 131.17 . riasiu ba marb-sa, ZCP i 105.25 . acht ropom (ropa, LU) airdricsa, TBC-I¹ 571. im-caemros[s]a do gaethaib corbom gaeth fo-deisin, BDD² 167. díamsa saithech bíd when once I am satisfied, LU 8469 (FB). nírba cintach `may I not be guilty,' Ériu vi 116 § 3. dīa mba bēo-sa, KMMisc. 208.y . corbam cruithnecht it' it[h]lainn, Ériu iii 31 § 24. narbam crimnach, SR 3202. nīrbam utmall anbsaid, a meic mo Dé, ZCP vi 260 § 10. madham buidech-sae, CCath. 4210. madam beō-sa do-gēba luach a taisgedha ... minbam beō imorra ..., ML² 1495.

s. 2

(a) -ba' : armba cháinchomraccach-so, Wb. 30b23 . cia ba loingthech, 6c9 . ciafa firián, Ml. 36a32 . comba soilse-siu, Wb. 22c3 . Ml. 54b19 .

(b) bat, -ba, -pa, -bat, -pat, -rba(t), -rbot, -(b)sa(t) : with cía, cidat ; with ma, madat : ni ba dicheoil, SR 2197. nipa frithenech, LU 3495. ní pa, Ériu i 198 § 16a . nibát athboingid ar narbat aithrech, LU 3502. nibat comromach ar nábat miscnech, 3503 . nirbat díscir ... nibbát ecal ... nipát tairne ..., 3467 - 9 . ba hēmich corbad sercach, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 14 § 3.3 . bat umal corbot ūasal, ib. § 3.7 . nírba chreccach, Ériu i 200 § 22. nirba truag, SR 3295. doroimle corbat cétach, ..., LU 8796 (FB). atraí coropat mor, 3533 . céin bat béo, 3919 . nirbat ancretmech ... acht corbat cretmech, PH 6776. diamba breiteam arafeser ... `if thou be a judge, thou shouldst know,' BCrólige § 66. diambat rolabar, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 18 § 7.16 . ZCP vii 298.17 . diamsa coemainech, IT i 70.2 . diamsat fissid, iii 488.352 . BS 86.25 . nírsat bidbha oirechta, Acall. 597. 598 . toich duit cidat rī, toich duit cidat druī (to a child), PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 546 § 3 ( LL 147a ). cidat lond im gním garta, IT iii 508 § 1. madat fīrēn flaith `if you be a just prince,' KMMisc. 262 § 15. madhid trēn, ML² 1437.

s. 3

I Forms without ro-.

(i) Abs. The form ba appears to be used only as jussive subj. :

(a) ? bá tualang cách forcital alaili `let each be fit ...,' Wb. 6d13 ; ba samlid dúib `be ye thus,' 19d29 , but in both instances the editors would read bad for ba.

(b) do Chríst ba mór do gaire, Ériu i 200 § 22. ba i n-ómun ba i n-incridiu | gudem Críst let it be in fear ..., 195 § 10 (but ? cf. 1 fa).

Conj. (ii)

(a)bé (see Bergin, Ériu xii 208 ff .) : cia bé a mmēt adae `however great it may be,' Ml. 61b28 . cip hé ade asberam, 25d11 .

(b) cip hé gellus dít, Trip.² 1626. cibbe noda saraigfed, 789 . cipe a isle, ciape a huaisle, Laws v 386.15 . secht tellaige ... nad erenaiter cidbe indola, 206.2 . cidbe fine dib dibus, Cóic Con. H § 69. cebé baile no beth, LU 365. cipé tí, TBC-LL¹ 1768. cipia frisa ferthar tnú, Ériu v 211.69 . gidh bé haird iona dtuitfidh, TSh. 3985.

(iii) -bo occurs in the Glosses seeming sometimes to be the jussive subj. (neg.) and once after in whether , but these exx. may perhaps be pret. (but see (iv) below) :

(a) ní bo comitesti (rectius chomitesti, Ed.) dó `he should not be indulged,' Wb. 1c12 . nibo intain no mbeid ar súil tantum `it must not be when ye are before (His) eye,' 27c9 . rofitir side imbo ho chridiu fa nacc, 27c11 .

(b) No instance.

(iv)

-p, -b :

(a) níp tarisse lat `trust him not,' Wb. 30d24 . nip sain a n-asberat et immarádat, 28c1 . nip crú cruach, Thes. ii 250.11 (Stowe M.). arnáp hé som ..., Wb. 6c7 . ar nab laigiu, Sg. 179b1 . imb anacol dom fa nac, Wb. 23a6 . immaid (=imb m.) fa olcc, 8d26 . im fochróib bá chían, Sg. 151b2 . sechip hé ... `whosoever it be,' Wb. 3b15 . sechib grád i mbether and, 10a18 . cip cruth bíid páx libsi fri cách `howsoever it be,' 5d33 . cib cenél tra dia ro scribad ind epistil so, 3b20 . mainip in chrud-so, 10a5 . manip hinunn etargnae, Sg. 188a12 . Ml. 14d10 . cenib fír, 24d22 . cenip ho étrummugud inna n-olc, 59a23 . cinip hond sémigdetu, 59a23 .

(b) -p, -b, -pe, -be, later -ba, -bo ; with día, díam : acht nip inbleoguin, Laws ii 98.17 . bés níp aill do dáinib, Fél. Ep. 417. níp anchobrai, LU 9663. bes nipe nessu éc do suidiu oldás daitsiu, 9210 . mad ben urnadma na be cetmunnter, Laws ii 380.25 . ar n[a] himirbera neach na be hai, v 476.z . diam dlaí di chi[u]nn adairt, Críth G. 229. BCrólige § 38. diam chuibse cataid `to whom veneration is due,' Laws i 10.24 . mairg ... diam cara Colco, Anecd. i 7.11 . cach fuil druith dinnap inna ramot techtai torai, BCrólige § 64. cid nabsin (? = nab sí in) Fedelm-sa ... cichsed, LU 8296. nabbsin, 8318 . air nā ba (v.l. arnab) sothuissledhach, Corm. Y 434. arnapa dimicnithi, Trip.² 2048. sechib dán di[i]b, Críth G. 323. sicip hé dígbas ..., Trip.² 751. secip blas bá mellach, LU 1787. PH 1428. mad iar stair cip indus, Trip.² 33. BDD² 655. cip magen inda tecmai `in whatever place,' BCrólige § 40. cidh be manach doda-goad ┐ cib can a cinel whencesoever, Anecd. i 44.8 . cecip ní foillsighfithir daitt ` whatever ,' Aisl. Tond. 96.9 is fīach dia blīadnai dō īar sin d(h)inap (sic leg.) turbuith deithbire dothnairp dia nephthairiuc 'it becomes for him a debt [payable only] in a year’s time unless a legitimate excuse excuses him for his non-appearance' Bürgschaft 17 § 53 , Ériu xx 230 . dinnap ina ramot techtai torai 'unless it has accrued in a lawful way (?) ' Ériu xii 52 § 64 , xx 230 . manip do Chonchobor, ScM. § 3.16 . PH 2080. manib tualaing, Anecd. iii 23.12 . maniba t'ainmnet ..., Trip.² 859. manab ac oen flaith beit, Laws iv 42.29 Comm. munab neasa, 44.4 . DDána 76 § 24. munob cunntabartac[h], BCrólige § 14 n. 1 . munup, Laws iv 26.13 . menip, SR 3597. Cóic Con. RE § 23. minub, BCrólige § 23. FDG 389. minap, TBC-I¹ 795. PH 1542. minab, 6035 . munbo cairnech in craidhe, ZCP vi 268.12 . munba, ib. 11 . IGT Decl. ex. 352. cinip mór do bríg, Trip.² 1888. LU 1435 (MU).

The form arimp in the Glosses always has a final sense except the doubtful ex. in Ml. 130b8 (see below). The ex. from Críth Gabl. is also final, the others all express an indirect command or wish (cf. airndip, see (v) below) :

(a) arimp áigthidiu-de `that it may be the more dreaded,' Wb. 23d23 . 32a2 . 15c4 . arimp díthnad ... dúibsi foditiu fochide dúnni, 14b17 . arim tairismech, 25a9 . ised as maith la dia airimp (? leg. airndip) isin gess ... `this God would have ...,' Ml. 130b8 .

(b) arim túalang gabála[e] ríg, Críth G. 187. cach ōen comaldathar in cāin si ... arim sírsaegul ... ┐ arop airmitnech fēith, Cáin Ad. § 30. abbair fri Feradach, arim remḟissid arad sencharpait `er solle ein vorauswissender Lenker des alten Wagens sein,' ZCP xi 83 § 27. nach oirecht ... árim (corob, v.l.) cáin domnaig cétadéntar ann, Ériu ii 210 § 33. The usual way of expressing a wish or exhortation is rop (see section II below), but cf.: adair ... do Dia ┐ co mbá dó a aenur fhogna, PH 4724. searc Íosa ... go mba hé th'arm DDána 20 § 7. goma, 93 § 37 . in cū ruad ... coma taīseach cāemc[h]uaine, CCellaig 463 . With cen co : cen cop foccus a gcairdiss, Anecd. ii 62.2 . MacCongl. 39.27 . PH 3100. cin cob aire doronsat, 3237 .

(v)

(a) -dip, -dib : condip slán á anim, Wb. 9b9 . condib cumme, 24a22 . is tacair arndip samlid it is meet that it be thus, 22c11 . airndip maith a forcell `that the testimony may be good,' 25d21 . airndib ecmailt, Tur. 71 (airndip may have either final or consecutive sense, see note on arimp in (iv) above). duús indip fochunn ícce do, Wb. 26b27 . dús cia port indib maith, 24 .

(vi) With ma (má),

(a) mad : mad cumme imned á cheli et a imned fessin, Wb. 20c6 . 12a23 . 4a14 . mad cétnide a n-animm, Sg. 197a2 . 3b19 . mad du rúin `according to the mystic meaning,' Tur. 103.

(b) mad, mád : mad a dligiud ḟénechso (Corr., Ed.) is menbu, Críth G. 11. mad nóeb arid-léga, Fél. Ep. 178. Corm. Y 1233. mad na mna `if it belong to the woman,' Laws ii 402.1 . mádh táesca dhuit iná dham, Anecd. i 32 § 54. mád, LU 9216. madh peacthach é, TSh. 4315.

(vii)

With cía although, that ,

(a) cith, cid : deithbeir do ceith aneola, Wb. 33c16 . cith etarṡuidigthe, Sg. 68b4 . Mon. Tall. 159.2 . cid accobrach, Wb. 4c34 . cid doib doarrchet `though they were prophesied unto,' 5a16 (here the sense appears to be indic., see GOI § 793 ). cid comsuidigthe, Sg. 201a10 . Ml. 2d12 .

(b) cid, gid: cid ē marad tarm ēisi, Corm. Y 180. cid diabal fod foirge, Laws iv 18.19 . cid sain na conairi (pl. subject). Cóic Con. H. § 43. gid rogāeth nī rogand, TBC-I¹ 2596.

cid ed nevertheless: (b) cid ed nī rochotail, TBC-I¹ 2512. gidh eadh ní híad as andsa, KMMisc. 352 § 6.

cid ... cid, cid ... nó whether (it be) ... or ...:

(a) ma gorith locc cith ine chuis nú ine láim, Thes. ii 245.36 (Camb.). cid maid cid olcc la nech, Wb. 30d6 . cach réit cid precept cid labrad, 13a29 . Sg. 2a7 . Ml. 26a8 . cid ho deacht maicc nó ho deacht athar arafoima doinacht maicc aní arroet, 17c3 .

(b) cid cóem cid díchóem, Críth G. 225. Corm. Y 1167. SCC 679 .

cid cia whoever it be: am chind cid cia raib, KMMisc. 254 § 4.

cid though it be has also the sense even , in which sense its verbal content must early have been forgotten so that it may be folld. by plural noun or pronoun, and by a dependent vb. in indic. instead of subj.:

(a) cithisse `it is even he,' Wb. 22a7 (a prima manu). corrici cith besti béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . ceith cenmathá in tegdais n-ucut `even besides,' Wb. 33a4 . cid ind fochith follongam `even the suffering which we endure,' 14b15 . ceth Máolruoin, Mon. Tall. 135.24 . co seichetar cid a comroircniu, Sg. 1a2 .

(b) coire ... no suigfedh cid Erind, Corm. Y 323.8 . ní dénaiter cid clocha fotraicthi díb, Trip.² 873. ni cuma dono cid cach mis disuidiu, Laws iv 88.19 . ní thibrind i tindscra cid Meidbi insin, TBFr. 185. cid mecnu, LU 10560.

II Forms with ro-.

(i)

(a) rop, rob, ropo' (the form rob occurs only before b and m): rop corae doib fri dia `peace be with them ...,' Wb. 20d1 . rop scīath dún diar n-imdegail, Hy. i 20. rop fír, ib. 39 . nicon fil bas sciith lim act rop ar crist, Wb. 18a2 . acht robronach (=rob bronach, Ed.), Ml. 86d12 . act ropo cho n-etarceirt, Wb. 13a26 . act ropo cho torbu, 27 .

(b) rop, rob, ropo': rop múr ar cech merblén' Babill, Fél. Jan. 24. rob hí ascaid connaga, Ériu iv 106 § 59. rob dimbríogh gach tonn dá ttuil | gach imshníomh sonn rob soruidh, Studies 1921, 76 § 25 . DDána 122 § 21. acht rop la forcomet, Mon. Tall. 161.27 . Trip.² 2941. acht rob tol dait-so, ZCP viii 312.8 . riasíu ropo chúairddulchach, Críth G. 68.

The form robo, robu and with inf. pron. rodbo, rodbu occurs in the sense either, or (cf. Fr. soit ... soit). The editors of Thes. Pal. (i 433 n. ) say it `seems to be regular in the first of two or more alternatives.' It is so used in the great majority of cases but in Wb. 14c24 and Ml. 58b11 (see below) it precedes the second alternative. Pedersen ( KZ xxxv 404 f . q.v.) suggests an original meaning `was es sei' and the loss of the demonstrative pronoun a n- or aní before robo. Thurneysen ( GOI § 886 ) believes it to have been a potential ro- subj. It is found somet. where in the Lat. uel .. uel .., or Lat. aut .. aut ... occur:

(a) rodbo dia adroni ... ł. is hé-som adroni ... either God has committed ..., Wb. 29d29 . 16d7 . fo chenéle lugi [i]ssiu rodbo chosmi[liu]s `as a kind of oath ... or a similitude,' 14c24 . robo intí forchain gl. siue qui docet, 5d10 . robo folad diles ł. doacaldmach, Sg. 197a1 . 200b6 . robu óenlitrib gl. uel singulis literis, 28a12 . robu cho adersetar gl. uel emendentur ... (uel ...), Ml. 30d11 . robu a caratrad gl. (uel necessitudo) uel (familiaritas), 58b11 (but Eds. suggest on p. 721b : `as robu regularly refers to the former of two alternatives, gloss 11 may gl. uel necessitudo'). robu a nnu mothaigtis gl. aut stupentes, 44c6 . 109c3 . 121b6 .

(b) rodbu forcetail ł. scribend ł. uaimm n-etaig, LB 11b13 . innahí rohaisneid dó N. .. rodbo o littrib no a himaccalmaibh, ZCP ii 321.y .

(ii) -rop, -rup, -rub:

(a) corrup mithich gabáil ferainn do, Wb. 19d3 . corrop hed mo indeb Crist, 24a6 . corop he to menmme, Thes. ii 255.14 (Stowe M.). Wb. 7d10 . Sg. 40b7 . corub mebuil leu, Ml. 138c8 . See also Subst. Vb. l. 1389 ff.

(b) -rup, -rub, -rob, -rop, -rab, -rap, -rip, -rp: corup messu de dún, Trip.² 2592. TBC-I¹ 1577. PH 5319. corob gel in mag, Trip.² 555. TBC-I¹ 2455. corrom mé (=corrob mé) nosn-orr, BDD² 721. corab meisi, Trip.² 1360. Laws iv 62.18 Comm. Anecd. i 17.17 . curub cutruma cuit cach fir dib, Cóic Con. H § 102. co rāssa in cū hīsin ┐ corip ingnīma, TBC-I¹ 539 = corop, LU 5028. acht corp dall, SR 2900. āgusta dō gurab trū, Corm. Y 1238. ní rop áilsed `let there not be neglect,' Fél. Ep. 522. nī rob do soinmige ┐ nī rob do fechtnaidi dō, TBC-I¹ 640 = nipo ... ┐ nirop, LU 5125. arnarap galar doib, Mon. Tall. 147.23 . arnā rob olc, Corm. Y 425. fégad cech aen uaib ... ná rob dáll ... hé, PH 4666. Sometimes the final b or p dropped out, at first before initial b or f: arnara fochand báis dóib, Mon. Tall. 146.29 . 152.11 . curu bēl ainmnech urnaigthech, ACL iii 234 § 9. luiget ... co ro bréc, PH 2685. co ro huain doib, 4997 .

rel.

(a) bes`, bas`: níi bes chotarsne diar n-ícc, Wb. 11a24 . bes chossecarthae, Ml. 63a6 . bes miniu, Thes. ii 254.14 (Stowe M.). céin bas mbéo, Wb. 10b23 . a mbas cete, Thes. ii 17.34 (Bcr.).

(b) bes`, bas`, bus`: nech bes ardu, Críth G. 115. lin bes coir, BCrólige § 48. ni bes epiltiu, Mon. Tall. 152. 31 . dírimm bas choímiu ná bess áiniu, TBFr. 47. ontí bass formbthi, Mon. Tall. 141.19 . dís bas ḟerr, BDD² 1222. ríasiu bus lá, MU² 322. neich bus chomgrād dó, Ériu i 219 § 7. i llaim neich bessa set `of the person whose property it is,' Laws v 376.4 . do cach besa ai whose it is, ii 398.z . iv 28.5 . i 264.18 . A pron. may be infixed between rel., and its pred.: doeim dano in clī innī besidn-īsle, doemar som ōnnī besadn-ūaisliu, Corm. Y 275. set inna muin cachae besid fiu, Laws v 384.z . 382.8 . ech beissid fiu, 406.9 . cenn caich ... i fine besid sruithe, besid n-uaisliu, ZCP xiv 369 § 31. ailid .iii. seotu bes da fiu, Laws v 408.7 .

pl. 1

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) ropond: ropond bēo for deis mic Dē may we be alive, ZCP viii 106 § 9 (ropo-nd = 3 s.+inf. pron. pl. 1).

Conj.

(a) -ban`: co comalnammar a pridchimme et comman (=co m-ban) dessimrecht do chach, Wb. 31c11 . a numman aircheltai, Ml. 27b10 .

(b) -ban, -rdar, -(r)bar; with cía, gidar: is am comman tairisiu `'tis time that we should be ...,' Fianaig. 26.14 . an biucán gurdar síthaig, Hib. Min. 82.23 . gidar comaltai, TBC-LL¹ 3680. co mbar commaithe, 35 . tiagam ass con (f)acamar na milchonu ...┐ corbar (go mbat, v.l.) scithu oco, TBFr. App. § 16.

pl. 2

Abs.

(a) bede: conicfid-si bede preceptori uili `ye will all be able to be teachers,' Wb. 13a10 .

Conj.

(a) -bad: combad accomalti-si limsa, 23a26 . arnábad toirsig dim chuimriug-sa, 27c34 . arna bad huilcc, 5d38 . dia mbad mathi, 16a13 . ma[nba]d irlaithi, 27c11 . ? To this: annambaid (anambaid, MS.) buidig `when ye are not content,' Ml. 115b10 .

(b) nibur n-ecnaigid, SR 4871. nibfor cétludaig, 4872 .

pl. 3

I Forms without ro-.

No absolute forms occur without ro-.

Conj.

(i)

(a) -bet`, -pat`, -bat`: mainbet mathi, Wb. 11c5 . nó innabet o nach ainmm-diu etir `or whether they are not from any nominal form at all,' Sg. 56b1 . arnapat toirsich, Wb. 26d21 . combat irlamu-de ind ancreitmich do chretim, 12d29 . armbat eolig, 31d15 . armbat chosmaili, Ml. 130a12 . a mbat n-erchoissi, 73c9 . cinbat huili, Wb. 4d6 .

(b) -bet, -bat: im damu nad be tairchesa (leg. bet airchesa), Laws i 184.14 . iv 54.10 . mat cuibdi ... manbet cuibdi, i 244.3 . adubairt ... conod brathair iat cen go bed, Celt. Rev. x 36.18 . acht conbat beoda, TBC-LL¹ 39. combat sithamla, PH 4015. 6746 . manibat óga a frithḟolaid, Ériu i 219 § 9. menbat allmaraig, MU² 517. diamat glain, SR 1461. cenibat fiu, Laws ii 316.20 .

(ii) With ma,

(a) mat: mat hé na briathra-sa forcane, Wb. 28c21 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and, Sg. 189b4 .

(b) mat, madat, mádit: mat comaithi a folaid, no mat comolca, Laws ii 362.25 - 6 . mat e ... anfolaid in cele falla frithgnama, ZCP xiv 387 § 53. madat comlūatha, ZCP viii 217 § 2. mádit (sic leg.) creidmech, KMMisc. 146.4 .

(iii) With ce, cía although ,

(a) cit: cit imdi far forcitlidi, Wb. 9a12 . 4d4 . 12a13 . cit comsuidigthi, Sg. 207b11 . 190b1 . et muscreitfet cit hésidi `even they,' Wb. 5c2 .

(b) cit, cidat, ciambat: cit lir, Mon. Tall. 156.26 . Fél. Prol. 245. cith (leg. cit) lir cétuib, ZCP viii 195 § 7. cidat (cid, v.l.) créchtnaig, BDD² 1347. KMMisc. 268 § 41. ciambat ilardai, SR 4833.

(iv) With cía, ce who, what ,

(a) No instance.

(b) cit: indid damsa cit n-armand | hi fil chend erred Ul[ad] tell me what are the places ..., LU 11056.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) ropat`: ropat choin altai ... adcear, Thes. ii 293.7 ( SP i ). acht ropat ṡaini tertpersin, Sg. 199a1 .

(b) ropat`, robat`, robet, ropsat: ropat lir a tellaig, Trip.² 2571. ropat óin dom ṡnádud `may they be one,' Fél. Jan. 21. robat mo cuirn coidin midc, Otia i 126 § 24. robet ar seilb an ōenfir, BColm. 54.10 . ropsat idain dīan-báis ám, KMMisc. 210.3 .

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -rbat, ? -rsat: ciarbat mara a treba, Hy. ii 60 Comm. curbat úagṡlá[i]n, BColm. 54.11 . nirbat ile a liberna, LU 1035. girbat linmara, TBC-LL¹ 4196. garbat discailtig, 544 . apair ó brethir namá corbat bairgin na clochasa, PH 4918. ciarbot maithi, KMMisc. 266 § 32. ? gorsat lir a mmairb andas a mbí, TBC-LL¹ 6015.

rel.

(a) beta`, bete`, bata`: beta téit `when they are wanton,' Wb. 29a1 . beda fiscina baptizerium, Thes. ii 226.29 (Pcr.). donaib hí beta cheti, Ml. 126c4 . ni cumcat bete gentilia, Sg. 33a16 . a mbata n-aersigthi, Ml. 127a4 .

(b) beta, bete, bida: mad aile da lina beta olca [a] folaid, Laws ii 366.11 . itir na ceithre comaichaib beda neasa do, iv 116.2 . tech sruithi bet (leg. betc) fuirbthium, Mon. Tall. 136.23 . tri haidche bede cora, Laws v 438.24 . cusna belltenaib bida nesom, ii 390.20 . trian de don ḟir bed a (leg. beda a) beich `whose bees they are,' iv 116.1 Comm. Cf. do fir bede heich, 106.1 Comm.

Subj. Past

s. 1

(a) -bin, -benn: commin inricc dó `so that I may be worthy thereunto,' Wb. 24a11 . combin cosmail, Ml. 91b7 . arnamtomnad námmin duine, Wb. 17d23 . nombin dermatach, Ml. 20a4 . toimtin armbenn duine, 130d4 .

(b) -badim, -badam: abraind nā badim (? sic leg.) slānsa ... ropad rēill mo tholcsa and, TBC-I¹ 3532. bad cháined dom ḟir co mbadim ferr-sa, TBC-LL¹ 34. damadam (sic leg.) rig (dia mbam airdrí, v.l.) for Erinn if I were , FDG 519.

s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) -badat: da mbad in lāsin, nī epertha co mbadad (leg. mbadat) ferr do lōech annā Cū., TBC-I¹ 2503. is é in claideb dobéraind ... menbadat (sic leg.) aide, RC xiv 426.25 ( LL 111b4 ).

s. 3

I Forms without ro-.

(i) Abs.

(a) bed`, bad`: arna tomnathar bed foammamichthe deacht don dóinacht `that (the) Godhead is subject,' Wb. 13c2 . dommuinfide bed n-ísel intí dia, Ml. 40c17 (in these two exx. we have the type of sentence in which bid occurs in Wb. 25c12 , see (iii) below). din dínit bed ṡástai, Sg. 39b11 . ni arindí bed leth ngotho nobed indib, 5a4 . dóig linn bed n-acuit, 30a8 . bed chuintechti, Ml. 92a17 . ni robe nech bad huaisliu, Wb. 33d10 . aimser ba (leg. bad, Edd.) chomadas dó, 21a1 . cia bed a mmēt inna fochaide `whatever the greatness of the tribulations might be,' Ml. 39a13 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 208 ff .).

(b) bed`, bad`, pad, bud: ba dóig leó bed a sídaib dí, BDD² 42. nech bed chomalaind dó, LU 1667 (ICM). nad baí baili bád cuidbiu dó, Trip.² 429. lāech bad chāime, TBC-I¹ 3242. BDD² 79. mad mē bad chend ..., Ériu iii 140.183 . cīa ragas ...? Cīa pad cīa ... acht Condere `who should it be cut C.', i 114 § 3 . muc bud grátu, Corm. Y 118. ní bud ṡíre, BDD² 138. ciped mac díb no gabad gasced, TBC-LL¹ 1089. With inf. pron. s. 3: tegdais adchondarc indiu | ni fa[il] ba-da-crichidiu (? leg. bad-da-), Thes. ii 292 § 1 (Ml. Poems). marbān badid n-ingnathar, Bruchst. 45 § 102. coich bia beo badid [n-]amradair, RC xx 260 § 65 = badib amradair, LU 873. badid-rédithir ... badid-némithir, RC xxiv 56 § 17. s. 1: nī faigebasu curaid ... bádam fiusa, LU 3913.

(ii) Conj.

(a) -bed`, -bad` (mainbed (minbad, manibad) is regularly folld. by acc.): mainbed maith latsu, Wb. 32a11 . combed chiall ainsedo ildai and, Ml. 67d24 . ni bed uilliu, 54b30 . is cumme nibad móidem `it is the same as though it were not boasting,' Wb. 2b14 . amal nibad fiu, Ml. 63d2 . mainbad éicin, Wb. 4a20 . Hy. v 32. manibbad hinunn, Sg. 17b8 . manibad trocairi ndáe, Ml. 111b28 . manipad taschidetaid, 136c2 . arnábad rómár, Wb. 11c7 . conapad firdía mac, Ml. 21c12 . diambad mathi, Wb. 16a13 . combad choitchen, Sg. 72a1 . Ml. 21d1 . combath chomlan rith lunae , Thes. ii 33.27 (Bv.). na epred a menme armbad ferr són, Wb. 10a16 . arimbad and furruimtis a praintech, Thes. ii 242.4 (Ardm.).

(b) -bed`, -bad`, -pad, -bud, -bod: ised bud cóir laisim combed de laim anmcharat ..., Mon. Tall. 146.25 . Trip.² 2246. ní ... tresambed elned do, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . manipad lor, 128.15 . manipad do chrúass, Trip.² 1370. minbad in mbáin mbic, MacCongl. 107.7 . cid daitsiu nábad lat in curathmír, LU 8112. diambad Chú, 3752 . dámadh linn, TSh. 5962. combad chennach, LU 4296. bá cubaid cíapad tussu bad dall, Trip.² 1516. dūs imbad lór, Mon. Tall. 133.8 . mun budh le druimm cáein Cesrach, Anecd. i 32 § 60. minbud thu, ii 4.11 . ar na bud ed, PH 3074. ? go nach budh rí ar Israel tú `ne sis rex,' TSh. 8330. cid daitsiu ... nád bod latt curadmir Emna, LU 8140. cía lasmboth scīth ┐ lasmboth laind techt int slōgaid, TBC-I¹ 154.

(iii)

(a) bid (this form, which Thurn. ( GOI § 806 ) suggests may be an unstressed form of vn. buith, occurs regularly after amal, oldaas, is cumme, in doich, in comparative and equative clauses and in a few other instances. This would suit an ex. like Thes. ii 294 § 3 below but does not explain phrases where bid follow amal, is cumme, etc. It survives into Mid. Ir. but is somet. replaced by bed or bad, and in a few cases spreads to other types of sentence (amal bid is regularly folld. by acc. cf. mainbad, above): amal bid dia as though he were God, Wb. 26a7 . amal bid claind noclantis, Ml. 63b9 . amail bith ball di crist, Thes. ii 255.14 (Stowe M.). amal fid na derscaigthiu, Ml. 37b22 . amal bid inn accaldim deithidnig (leg. nd.), 35c27 . is cumme doib bid idalte domeltis, Wb. 10c3 . in doich bid saindóire dúnni, 10d1 . is nessa do inni lemm oldaas bid ar n-áinsem, 4b17 . ní lugu ... indáas bid praeceptóir asidindissed, Ml. 42b18 . arna tomnitisom bid do irgairiu cotulta, Wb. 25c12 (see above under (i) where this type of sentence occurs with bed in Wb. 13c2 and Ml. 40c17 ). ni meite bid machdad forgare forru, Sg. 161b12 . ba coru tra bid adnuntiabit nobeth híc , Ml. 45b14 . soilsidir bid hi lugburt, Thes. ii 294 § 3 ( SP iii ).

(b) amal bid oc caíned ... [no beth], Trip.² 87. amal bid do thecht secha, IT i 72.14 . amail bid a haongiun, Corm. Y 1059.37 . amal bid fótrond ..., LU 9099 (FB). ba doich lind bid din lucht forācaibset som, ZCP viii 313.25 . ba hé mo líthsa bid é do-chorad and, BDD² 494. asberat alaili bid di lucht na luinge ..., ZCP viii 313.23 . In a type of sentence where it did not occur in O. Ir.: flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair whose father was not a chief, Laws ii 200.21 . nā tānic rīam nā īarum bīd (leg. bid) errdarcu, MacCongl. 45.28 . ar cend neich bid (budh, v.l.) éolchu ┐ bid síne andás, Ériu iv 126.15 . ingen bid chaime tochim, RC xxiv 198.24 . In the follg. exx. O. Ir. would show bid: amal bud he Crist, PH 129. mar bud, 4098 . amal bad a domun aile thíssad, TBFr. 278. is cumme lem bed (bid, v.l. App.) i taulchubu fhína no beth mo chend, TBFr. 47. in dōig bad ē Conchobur, TBC-I¹ 2758. (cf. also: ba doig bed n-ingcert, Ml. 61b15 ). dōig leam bad i ndiamraib ... nobeith, TBC-I¹ 884.

(iv) With ma (má),

(a) mad: mad mo ríar-sa dognethe and, Wb. 9d25 . mad forcenn libuir, Ml. 2d1 .

(b) mad, mád: mad meise con-ísed mo chomairle, BDD² 708. mád ina ṡláinti ind fir fil sund robad chomairche ar Ultaib ulib, LU 3303.

(v) With cía, ce although ,

(a) cid: ni pu imdu do in mann cid trén oc tecmallad `though he were,' Wb. 16c25 .

(b) cid: cid fín bárc do-téised treut, BDD² 740.

II Forms with ro-. ro- is rare with past subj. The instances are:

(a) act robad tairismech linni, Wb. 18d11 . ní ar maith friu ... act is corpad mithig lessom inducbál dia nóibaib, 4c37 .

(b) ? ingé (read perhaps itge, Ed.) ropad limsa ol sésim adpand do seinm tr. `I would crave a boon, said he, to play a tune,' Mon. Tall. 131.28 . acht corbad maithi a gnima, Ériu v 124.76 . amal ro bad pheccad leo as though they considered it a sin, PH 3232.

pl. 1

Abs.

(a) bimmis, bemmis : amal bimmis octarche `as if we were dregs,' Wb. 9a7 . amal bemmis bibdaid, Ml. 114d4 .

(b) amal bemís marb, PH 2967.

Conj.

(a) -bimmis : amal ni bimmis cutrummi frib, Wb. 17b16 . Ml. 63b1 . commimmis ecil hi fochidib, Wb. 29b16 . commimis less huili, 6b21 .

(b) -badar : acht co mbadar maithe díblínaib, TBC-LL¹ 35.

pl. 2 No instance.

pl. 3

Abs.

(a) bitis, betis: nírbu mou leu bríg a tobai indate bitis cranna doiscairi dufubaitis `than though they had been cutting down common trees,' Ml. 92d6 . donaib déedib betis chloithib, 131d11 . amal betis degmaini, 90a14 .

(b) bitis, betis, batis : amal bitis chóic ṡutralla, Trip.² 1448. ba bindithir ... ┐ betis téta mennchrot, BDD² 189. TBFr. 27. amal betís margretai, PH 2445. dicunt betis secht maic, ZCP viii 314.34 (Laud Gen.). asberat araile batis trī brāthir, ib. 331.14 (ib.). doruimenatar bádis fir ṡīthe, Trip.² 1112.

Conj.

(a) -btis, -ptis : comtis indbaid i n-iris, Wb. 10d33 . conabdis apstil, 5b15 . comtis ainmmnidi, Sg. 7b2 . coniptis erlama, Ml. 100c24 . maniptis mu charait, Ml. 73d1 . Sg. 120a1 . ni aisndet duaid airmdis hé iusti indí ..., Ml. 54a12 . airmtis ní etir, 79b11 . amtis forbristi ind ríg, 85d9 .

(b) -btis, -ptis : comtis secht maic, Trip.² 901. PH 7013. comdis sidhaighthi, ZCP xiii 254.12 . comtís comarda síat, TBC-LL¹ 5015. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564. naptis messaiti, Ériu iv 24 § 10. diambtís rátha iat, MU² 376. diambtís craind, 434 . ciabtis cosmaile, SR 2892. ciapdis ganna, Anecd. ii 69.8 . ciamdis dimolta, i 21.5 . With amal betis under (a) above, cf. marbtís máirb as though they were dead, LU 9761. immarbdais meic do, 4097 .

With ma

(a) matis : matis huili conabdis apstil tantum `if it were all (the Jews) and not the apostles only,' Wb. 5b15 . matis mu namait, Ml. 73b1 .

(b) matis is replaced in Mid. Ir. by diambtís q.v., supra.

Fut.

s. 1

Abs.

(a) be : be sóir mo brethre `I shall be free as regards my word,' Wb. 4c18 . bé (biam, bum, v.ll.) sóir cech inbaid, Hy. iv 8.

(b) bea, bem, bam, bíam, bidam : bem (bea, v.l.) torbach[u]-sa duit-si oldās ..., Corm. Y 1059.30 = bam tarbach sa deit, Anecd. iv p. xiv.y . in hed bam beo, SR 3187. Ériu iv 142.z . bam tarb tnúith isna tressaib, IT iii 510 § 4. Anecd. i 12.7 . bam anoraigti-sea oc Dia, PH 2428. biam tigerna os cech drung, SR 855. bíam cúsa ... dot imdegail, LU 5027. bidam chusa, TBC-LL¹ 1049 (v.l., Eg.). bidam bithchuimnech, RC xvi 46 ( Dinds. 95 ). CCath. 3348. bídham tigerna fer an domain, 4046 .

Conj. (a) No instance.

(b) -pam : ni pam slán-sa ... conid n-accur, IT i 72.1 . nípam comchirtisea do neoch, LU 4248.

s. 2

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) ba, basa, bat, biat, bidat : ba baeth, SR 5955. ba bruiden ban ndérach, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.19 . bása bec bíaid úair | basa már iar tain, LU 9854. bat neirt ar do lochnamtib, LU 10423. bat (ba, v.l.) fornocht, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.4 . bat (ba, bad, v.ll.) dín ar gád, ib. 9 . bát nimidech, LU 9633. biat rīsiu co derb, PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 546 § 8 . § 15 . biat forscailtech, ib. § 17 ( LL 147a ). bidat úallach, ZCP vii 298.17 . LB 151a48 . bidhit neimedach, BNnÉ 93 § 204. toīsechu bia marb oldās bia meirb, PRIA iii 546 § 8 ( LL 147a9 ) (this is really the form of the subst. vb. but seems to be intended as copula, cf. biat, above).

Conj.

(a) Strachan ( Subst. Vb. l. 1316 ) gives : co mba soilse-siu, Wb. 22c3 (gl. inluminabit tibi Christus) but translates `so that thou mayest be,' Thes. i p. 639 which is probably correct.

(b) -ba, -bat : adbert fria drai ... ni bam rai (? leg. niba-m-drai) badechtsa mene dingba ..., BB 407a1 . da lecea tú Ísu ass, ni bat cara do Cessair, PH 2815.

s. 3

Abs.

(a) bid, bith : bid héet lib-si geinti do bith in hiris, Wb. 5a13 . bid cumma et riam, 18a13 . bith sechmadachte, Sg. 147b3 . bith flaithem intí Solam for saint, Ml. 90a9 .

(b) bid, bith, beith, bed, bud : bid nath n-airec fordarc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 16.6 . bidsom fria toil `it (heaven) will be at their pleasure,' Mon. Tall. 141.17 . bid misi, Trip.² 1963. Laws i 6.z . bid calma, TBC-I¹ 2469. bid hē lā a phennati, MacCongl. 29.6 . PH 4032. ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib, Mon. Tall. 141.15 . rochrúfemne ... ind pennit bes chóir fortsu. Bed cet ol D., 130.23 . With inf. pron. s. 2 : bidat eigen dola, Aisl. Tond. 101.x . ammarach bud maith do threóir, Anecd. i 39 § 114. ib. 17.18 . RC xxiv 194.7 . budh hē bērus an bāiri, ZCP xiii 17.27 . budh iomdha ann fós arracht ag eagcaoine, TSh. 4068.

Conj.

(a) -pa, -ba : nípa cosmuil frisin titacht tóisig, Wb. 25d13 . níba cuit adíll, 14a8 . níbbá i n-anus regaid int diruidigud, Sg. 36b1 . in corp i mba flaith in coimdiu, Wb. 9d3 . With inf. pron. s. 3 : nípa-dn-aidrech, 5c9 .

(b) -ba, -pa, -bo, -po, -bu, -pu, -b, -bad, -bud : níba ed bias de, Trip.² 453. BDD² 58. niba fír, ScM. § 11.2 . nipa mor do brig lais, Mon. Tall. 142.4 . admat na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 294. nīpa mise, TBC-I¹ 2141. níbá fír sin, LU 8199. ár | día[m]bá lán Mag F., 3368 . With inf. pron. s. 2 : níbat écen nach n-aill, MU² 1037 (LU). ? nib amles, LU 3325 (tr. `it will be no harm,' SCC 117 ). toingimsa ... corob misi cētfer roficfa (b inserted later, Ed.), TBC-I¹ 2243. mani thuaslaicea isind chaisc nipo assa doib iarum, Mon. Tall. 132.17 . nipo fócrach, Ériu vii 219 § 2. nībo dirsan dait, TBC-I¹ 1048. nipu sén maith itir ... ni fu líth don fleid, FDG 121. nī bu inmuin, Bruchst. 60 § 134. níbu shirsan, TBFr. 370 (= nipi siursan, App. § 26 ). nī bad (ba, v.l.) fāilid, Bruchst. 40 § 95. bat righ uili iat gin co budh comṡaeglach, Anecd. ii 1.15 .

rel.

(a) bes`, bas` : in hed bes chobuir dó, Wb. 20c10 . bes lintae, Ml. 44d7 . hore bas fír quod dicam, Wb. 17d20 .

(b) bas`, bus` : Marcán ... bas dech do Uíb Garrchon, Trip.² 2191. félire bas (bus, v.l.) certu, Fél. Ep. 148. ro-fessar ... bas n-olc, LU 7566 (BDD). ni-sn-idnus sund nī bus siriu, TBC-I¹ 3104. inní bus comairle [lat-sa is sí bas chomairle] linne, Anecd. i 41.3 - 4 . cīan bus chumain, ZCP viii 119 § 4. an feadh bhus cumhain leó iad, TSh. 1256.

pl. 1

(a) bimmi ?, bemmi, bammi : isin chruth-sin bimmi nóib-ni, Wb. 3d27 (but see ZCP xxxii 120-21 ). 12c9 . bemmi caelestis, 13d15 . isamlid bami coeheredes , 4a17 .

(b) batin: batin aithrig is tír thall `we shall rue it,' Ériu i 68 § 3 (this is from a poem, occurring in H 3. 18 and LL, which Meyer ascribes to 9th cent. Perhaps one should take it as : ba don-aithrig it will be a matter of regret to us, but cf. atin budig de we are content, Anecd. i 5.18 = YBL 129b23 ).

pl. 2 ? folaich in mac, bar bibdaith bāis ind dia fessara Mac Con, ZCP viii 311.5 , CMMucr. 69 .

pl. 3

Abs.

(a) bit : bit hé na precepta cétni no pridchob doib, Wb. 17b20 . bit comṡuidichthi, Sg. 4b1 . bit comlin fri fér, Ml. 90b8 .

(b) bit, be(i)t, bat, biat, bidat : bit coirmmgnáithi do chomarpai, Trip.² 1565. bit fūaitne fīanna lib Luigne, Corm. Y 1018.46 . bit lia mairb ... andate a mbí, LU 7187 (BDD). bit lir bomand ega ... for lethchind, 7233 (ib.). beit fir móra ar macáin bic | ...bid daim ríata laíg ar mbó, LU 9587 - 9 . bed glana chenai, Mon. Tall. 130.1 . bet imnaraig, Anecd. ii 55.4 . bat mairb fir, IT iii 470.105 . bat lana, TBC-LL¹ 1055. ? in dóig bát dom éligudsa ón ? that they will be a cause of accusation to me (?), LU 3277 (obscure, perhaps bat is s. 2). biat mathi do chland, PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 546 § 9 ( LL 147a10 ). bidat gai géra, ib. 550 § 31. bidat marthanaig, LU 1998. bidat mo na huilc innas ..., CCath. 988.

Conj.

(a) -pat, -bat, -bet : nipat ferr, Wb. 12d28 . nibat litre, Sg. 6b23 . níbat briathra, Ml. 68c10 . a mbat n-airbirthi buith, 94d1 . anambet ecailsi, 15d7 .

(b) -pat, -bat, -pdat, -bad : nipat ili anmand eissi, Trip.² 934. ní bat buana, TBC-LL¹ 1692. nipdat duthaine, SR 8355. airm inbat budig do bēoil, MacCongl. 77.4 . im bad tíre ┐ feranna, Anecd. i 42.1 . ní bad sgíotha dot sgéulaibh | na Burcaigh, Studies 1919, 439 § 10 .

rel.

(a) beta` : beta hícthi, Wb. 3d29 . beta messi, Ml. 70a9 .

Sec. Fut.

s. 1

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) badam : cid andib badam slansa mad ail duitsiu, Ériu xii 166.13 (Tochm. Ét.).

Conj. -badam : [ba] meti nibadam beo d' ingnais rig M. `I were not likely to live,' Ériu x 190.16 ( LL 276a41 ).

s. 2

(a) No instance.

(b) ropadat, badat : díambad curadmir do chosnam i nEmain duit, ropadatren (for ropadat trén, Edd.) for ōcaib Emna, LU 6720. ar badat slanchommairgi-siu bar Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1165.

s. 3

I Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) ropad`, robad` ; ar ropad maith limsa labrad ilbelre dúibsi, Wb. 12c29 . Sg. 90b2 . robad bethu dom dían chomalninn, Wb. 3c28 . roppad diil tanaisi, Sg. 111b2 . dorairngred dano rombad oirdnide a chland, Wb. 2c12 .

(b) robad`, ropad`, rubad`; robud` : robad chongbail ... dó, Trip.² 1731. robad chomairche ar Ultaib ulib, LU 3303. asbert fria rubad torrach húad, 10601 . robud sía, ACL iii 304.16 . ropad chora, PH 2593. robad was later replaced by dobad : dobadh cōir, Feis Tighe Chonáin 130. dobudh aisg ar m'fhine tar m'ēisi sin, ML² 1413. dobudh mór an éagcóir, TSh. 4845. 2718 , which in turn gave way to the modal pret.

Conj. No conjunct ro- forms occur.

II Forms without ro-.

Abs. These are rare in the Glosses and do not occur in independent sentences, but become more usual later.

(a) bed` : conidfessed cia bed flaith inna diad, Ml. 89b7 . bed messe gl. ratum fore, 105b14 .

(b) bed`, bad`, bud` (bud seems not always to have been folld. by lenition, see ex. below from TSh.) : asbert fri Cassan bed n-ann a eiseirgi, Trip.² 828. ní bad toisigiu dún something that would be ..., Trip.² 117. Corm. Y 473. cia bad chōir do thabairt, TBC-I¹ 2203. BDD² 126. cia de bud ferr la hUltu ..., TBC-I¹ 692. ní bud fiú sain, Anecd. i 28 § 28. budh urlamh, Studies 1921, 75 § 15 . an bél dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. budh dual, TSh. 1584. In independent sentences, where O. Ir. would show robad : bád maith limsa, LU 3354. faicthear 'n-a dhorus a dheilbh | 's badh solus aitreabh Ifeirn Hell would be radiant, DDána 60 § 37.

Conj.

(a) The forms without ro- supply the conjunct of both bed and robad. -bad`, -pad` : na bad eola inar cintaib, Wb. 33b21 . asbertis cipad a déne ind hesséirgi, 25b27 . níbad ṡamlaid, Sg. 4b4 .

(b) -bad`, -bud` (in the latest exx. there seems not to have been lenition) : imrāidset ... nīpad andsu, TBC-I¹ 1330. ni bad chained, TBC-LL¹ 34. na bud chalmu, 2063 . adubart-sa ... comadh fearr, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1132. ní bud liacha, BDD² 493. fá bud chasmail, PH 7544. nī bud cobair, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 36 . do bhríogh gomadh cosmhail, TSh. 4766.

pl. 1 and 2 No instances.

pl. 3

I Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robtis, roptis : epert ... robtis maithi for mbésa-si, Wb. 16b19 . roptis imdai piana donaib anmanaib, Ml. 15c8 .

(b) robtis, roptis : roptis fola ocus cro | mo der do marb Imblecho, AU i 138.15 . asbert roptis gallraig, Trip.² 2786. roptis ferra, Anecd. ii 53.14 . robtis (roptís, LU) do renga, TBC-I¹ 1182.

Conj. No instance.

II Forms without ro- :

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) be(i)tis, beidis : robad do chland-su betis comarpai ind, Trip.² 1710. beitis lir leamsa cendae fer ..., TBC-I¹ 3543. bad dōig lim beidis hē fir Themra, 3371 .

Conj. -btis, -ptis, -bdís : asbert P. nabtis toirthig, Trip.² 2455. connaptís bí, LU 9519. nibdís aingil diada, PH 1787.

Pret.

s. 1

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) basa : basa iudide ó écosc `I was a Jew in appearance,' Wb. 10d34 .

(b) ba(sa), bam(sa), basam : ba-sa cāem, Corm. Y 883.53 . ba-sa cu-sa tairdbi buiden, Anecd. iii 53.13 and 15 (Sia- burcharpat) = basa chausa ..., LU 9328. ba-sa cathach, Tec. Corm. § 8.8 . basa chúsa, LU 9326 , 9328 . bása chomrar, 9335 . bassa collid giallasa, 9318 . bam-sa cu-sa, Anecd. iii 53.10 . fam rí (bainrith, v.l.) ar énlaith Érenn, i 36 § 87 . ba-sa maoth fri maithi, ba-sam imnedach frimm tair, iii 53.20 . basam (bam-sa, bam-siu, v.ll.) dalta tair[i]si, ii 71.7 .

Conj.

(a) -psa : nipsa iudide ó béssaib, Wb. 10d35 . 17c2 . hore am apstal ... cainipsa sóir ce dognén cach ngním, 10c16 .

(b) -psa, -bsa, -ba, ? -bam, -msa, -sam : nipsa chúsa gabála lis, LU 9325 = nipsa cu-sa ..., Anecd. iii 53.10 . nipsa cell cin chlocc, ii 60.4 . nipsa (nirsam, nipsam, v.ll.) condirclech, Ériu ix 45 § 2. ciapsa reithenech, ib. (geinsam, ciamsam, robsam, rosam, gersam, gerbam, gerbhum, v.ll.) ciapsa duine ciapsa bled, LU 3003 = ciarsam ... ciarsam ..., Fél. 52.37 . domgní mūichnech ingnais Ērenn | diamsa cuimsech for which I (myself) was accountable (?), ZCP vii 309.24 . i mbsa dechenborach ... i mbsa fichtech, Tec. Corm. § 8.6 - 7 . imsa nāidi robsa nā[i]r, Ériu ii 16 § 5. nimsa cu-sa imlo[m]tha fuidhel, Anecd. iii 53.13 and 15 = nipsa cháusa ..., LU 9327. ? cach crích ar bam cend `where I was head,' PRIA III (3rd ser.) 550 § 35 ( LL 147a ). pecdach mé ósam macám, IGT Decl. ex. 376.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) rupsa, ropsa, robsa, rob : rupsa frithortae-se, Wb. 33a12 . doménarsa ropsa beo, 3c27 . Ml. 49b12 . durumenar romsa dia ┐ rom bith-béu, 49b13 .

(b) ropsa, robsa, ropsam, robsam, robsum, robam, ropom : an airet ropsa béo, Trip.² 1434. ropsa altra dia aithair, Anecd. ii 71.4 . imsa nāidi robsa nā[i]r, Ériu ii 16 § 5. robsa ceile si do Ch., ZCP viii 545.7 . ropsam aithrech isin ngním-sin, PH 701. robsam fíadnaisech fodeirc, Ériu iv 153.4 . robsum flaith, BS 126.6 . Metr. Dinds. iii 310.85 . robam céle comadas, LU 3972. ropom tuire tend, PRIA III (3rd ser.) 550 § 35 ( LL 147a ). robam rí ar ó ngelChuind, IGT Decl. ex. 537.

Conj.

(a) -rbsa, -robsa, -rupsa, -rubsa : nirbsa dagduine i tossuch, Wb. 18c14 . anarbsa fuillectae-se, Ml. 127c17 . corupsa lán diib, 104d3 . annarobsa bithe, 45d6 . arromsa cumscaigthe, 46b9 . arrumsa immainse-se, 62c9 .

(b) -rsam (-rbsam) (the sense is very frequently pres. indic. a survival of the original perfect sense), -rbam : is mise Fintan fili, | nirsam écne óen-lindi, Metr. Dinds. i 4.42 . níorsum duine do éra, ML² 1959. nirsum drochlaech, ZCP viii 548.18 . níor sum (níor soim, níor shámh, ní rabhus, v.ll.) taithleach na n-each riamh, Ériu i 100.23 . gērsam snímhach Fiadat find, Ériu ii 95 § 4. gearsom glic nīr chrainn um ní, KMMisc. 350 § 7. corbam tualaingse, Anecd. i 10.17 . ciarbam treórach, nírbam timm, Metr. Dinds. iii 312.131 . Aisl. Tond. 96.4 . gerbham sáeirfher séimh, BS 28.10 . Brethnaigh níor bham caroid-si, Duan. F. i 87.y . or bham nóidiu since I was, LL 282a12 .

s. 2

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) No instance.

(b) ba, bat, basat : cia bátar do gníma intan basat (v.l.) gilla, Tec. Corm. § 8.2 . bat dín ar gád 's ar guba | bat fál is bat fidruba, Metr. Dinds. iii 96.9 - 10 (bad, ba, v.ll.). a chlaidib Cherbaill ... bát menic ac cur chatha, RC xx 9 §1 ( LL 47a50 ).

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -bi: cot-ráncamar ó bim (órbat v.l.), BDD² 1173 (Ed's. note : `read ó bi mac (D), where bi seems pret. s. 2').

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robsa, rubsa : huare romsa ugaire doib `because Thou wast a shepherd unto them,' Ml. 96d1 . arrumsa dite-siu, 103a4 .

(b) ropsa, rupsa, ropsat, robsat, ropat, robat, ropot: an tan rupsa Etain Echraidhe ... ba misi do cetmui[n]ter, Ériu xii 170.6 (Tochm. Ét.) (= ropsa, LU 10771 ). intan ropsa (ropsat, basat, v.ll.) gilla, Tec. Corm. § 8.2 . ropsat slan o chianaib dia fesmais `thou shouldst have been healed,' Ériu xii 166.12 (Tochm. Ét.) (= ropdat slán, LU 10746 (sec. fut.)). uair ropsat cara, PH 3099. LL 343d53 . intan robsat Cernach-sa, ZCP i 104.36 . ropsat fraechda, RC xx 12 § 16. ropot álaind ó chíanaib, IT iii 514 § 6. is derb ropat degairle, 482.280 . robat cara do cech cléir, 482.277 .

Conj.

(a) No instance.

(b) -rbsat, -rsat, -rsa, -rbat : ro-t-rathaig narbsat fírgaeth that you were not, SR 1318. nirbsat meirb, RC xx 12 § 16. nirsat neóit, TBC-LL¹ 43. lēir dam ... | nārsat cara do Chellach, CCellaig 447 (where the sense is pres. indic.). gérsa maeth-macámh ... i tús lai o chianaib thu, ZCP viii 529.12 . cot-ráncamar órbat (v.l., see n.) mac, BDD² 1173.

s. 3

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) ba, bu (once in Tur.) (gemination occurs after ba, see below) : ba frithorgon dó frithorgon cháich, Thes. ii 246.18 (Camb.). ba calar do galar caich, ib. 16 (do.). ba uissiu són quam inflatio , Wb. 9b1 (modal). 29d8 . ba hed ón ba chóir, Wb. 10b9 . aní ba choitchen, 50a3 . a mba cloithe `when he was overcome,' Ml. 32b2 . a mba ndiuscartae, 19c15 . ar ba P. dubert baithis du Chrimthunn, Thes. ii 242.9 (Ardm.). ba em carat `it were, indeed, the part of a friend,' Thes. i 3.4 . ar ba mmadach, Ml. 135a9 . ba mmo, 86d6 . (cf. ba mmebul lee, TBFr. 136 ). air bu ainm leusom maledictus do c[ec]h óin ..., Tur. 136.

(b) ba, bu, bo, be (once), pa, fa, fá, fo, bad, bud : ba slán iarom, Trip.² 1517. bá cubaid, 1516 (modal). ba lith mor la Colum cille, Mon. Tall. 156.7 . ba di Bretnaib di, Trip.² 707. rofitir in ben ba o Lomnae rofes, Corm. Y 1018.26 . Fél. Nov. 5. ba ferr a comaitecht ... oldaas a tuitim, IT i 75.6 (modal). ba mese ba sacart oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, ScM. § 12.9 . nip sī sin adaig ba sāmam (rectius sh-) dōib, TBC-I¹ 211. BDD² 423. co torchratar bond fri bond ... ba sí tiget ind áirbaig such was the denseness of, TBC-I¹ 1996. cach nech ba siniu ┐ ba so, PH 104. in ti ba (?=ba a) tir `the person whose land it was,' Laws iv 4.29 Comm. With inf. pron. s. 3 : ba-id-n-imomain-side he was greatly afraid, TBC-I¹ 786. With suffixed -ch (= Lat. -que) (see Thurn., ZCP xiii 299f .) : do-luid tar feart a cedteallaig bach for fine forcomal `und es war eine gewaltsame Besitzergreifung gegen die Sippe,' Laws iv 16.22 (tr. Thurn., loc. cit.). bach ri Temrach, 178.13 . 16.22 . nī ticc dīa ēissi bu duilgi āer, MacCongl. 9.5 . ar bo fortachtaid dó día mboí i moxaini, Trip.² 254. bo ferr, BDD² 1320. a mbo ṡeiscc dind ḟolud, TBC-I¹ 1127. is aice bo doigh a mbith, no is e bo doich da fagbail, Laws iv 36.8 Comm. be sé sin trian macraidi Ulad, LU 5907. ol pa immaircede leis Loch nEchach, Trip.² 1956. pa menci, K. and H. § 1. pa hamru delp Fothith, ZCP xx 401.3 . The earlier instances of fa are mostly rel., but later it becomes freq. in non-rel. use. fá is the regular form in TSh. : is mé fa hairdbrethim binn, Anecd. i 28 § 30. 36 § 91 . curob é fa ri Connacht, v 21.25 . im orgain fa togaidhi do Ingcél i nHérinn, BDD² 423. as í fa banchele dó .i. Eithne ... fa díl ... leis hí, Ériu iii 150 § 1. beathadhach fá cosmhail ré mathghamhain, TSh. 1025. 3264 . (Cf. fa gairit limm beth ar Bóinn, Anecd. i 26.15 . Ériu iv 116 § 24. fa hadhbail re innisin an toran[n], Feis Tighe Chonáin 1841. IGT Decl. ex. 861. fá héigean, TSh. 2489. 5559 . 3715 ). ised sin fo lucht dō, Ériu ii 20 § 1. ri fo ferr sith, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 2. issed bad doig la C., Mon. Tall. 161.22 . ? bat (? bad) ead indas ind troiscti sin, 155.35 . bád chumma rom altsat Ulaid uli, LU 10305. do bríogh gurab é Eóin budh teó grádh, TSh. 10328. do bhríogh gurab é Ádhamh budh ceann fine, 9 .

Conj.

(a) -pu`, -bu`, -po`, -bo`, ? -p` (elision of vowel before initial vowel) : nípu accobor leiss, Wb. 14a22 . nípu séit samil, Thes. i 495.26 (Ardm.). Hy. v 7. nipu nach dernainn-se áem, Wb. 8a5 . Thes. i 495.4 (Ardm.). cepu ed adroilliset, Wb. 4c35 . ar nibu thacair, 33b13 . nibu techtae (`rectius: thechtae, but cf. 34c17 , 53d6 ,' Ed.), 100b22 . níbu machdath, Sg. 65a1 . conepertis ón nadmbu choir, Ml. 136b4 . in loc diambu thabarthi ermitiu feid, 22a4 . nipo chóim, Wb. 4b12 . nípo úaib act ba o apsatalib, 13a20 . napo chenéel, 5a14 . nibo cen fochidi, 24c19 . ? nip (`leg. nipu ? or is it subjunctive ?,' Ed.) ar irlami far cúrsagtha, 26b23 . 5b3 .

(b) -pu`, -bu`, -po`, -bo`, -p`, -b`, -ba`, -fa`, -bad (as lenition was somet. marked we may assume it was regular) : rofitir P. nípu chian, Trip.² 2866. LU 4974. Fél. Sept. 27. nīpu samlaid, TBC-I¹ 1280. napu díb lamaib, LL 123b2 . asrubart M. nibu moo, Mon. Tall. 133.10 . ni bu cād, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40 § 17. ni bu chul serci, IT i 77.2 . nī bu ṡanct-Brigit ṡúanach, Hy. v 21 ō bu becān, Ériu viii 164.7 . cíid iarom P. combu [ḟ]liuch a agad, Trip.² 1305. nabu cert, SR 3673. nīpo rom, TBC-I¹ 1728. dalēici sōn C., cobo (LU combo) thairis docher, 1737 . ni bo chomailt, AU i 110.8 . Fél. Prol. 114. BDD² 549. abaind letain nádbo domain, LU 1747 (ICM). combo chomsolus lá ┐ adaig, 8056 . iarfaigis dó cia diambo cheli, 8535 (FB). nī fo cīan, TBC-I¹ 485. nipsī sin adaig ba sāmam dōib, TBC-I¹ 211. nip seoit fo-fhiallach, Anecd. ii 57.z . ba fae leo nip n-ēn comadus ina n-ēill, Corm. Y 1059.18 . nīb sī t'opar comadhas, TBC-I¹ 785. nib sam, Anecd. i 13.14 . roluited ind scīn co nāb ālaind īarnamarach, Corm. Y 883.32 . níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5. comba samalta ┐ snāth ōir, TBC-I¹ 2027. comba comsolus lá ┐ adaig, LU 10125. co mba fliuch, BDD² 885. FDG 615. comba taí tastadach for Ultaib, MU² 119. PH 1082 (there is no instance here of lenition marked after comba). taitned fria in grían co bba forderg, BDD² 12. diamba Cholum coemdalta, LU 752. ni fa si do conair, YBL 174b14 . co nebairt co mbad mac don rig he, FDG 724.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) rupu`, rubu`, ropu`, robu`, ropo`, robo` : rupu sí a rroilic, Wb. 33a22 . aní rupu thascide, Thes. ii 225.17 (Pcr.). rubu fer-som muintere, Wb. 33a5 . Essu rubu thoisech hi suidiu, Ml. 63b5 . ropu thol les a dénom, Ml. 71b2 . hore rombu thoissech, Wb. 33a20 . ar robbu digaim, Sg. 17a5 . robu foirbthe, Tur. 33. ropo thróg laiss, Wb. 21b5 . ropo thol, 14b3 . ropo chobair dond Érinn | tíchtu Patraicc, Hy. ii 15. amal rombo chuimse, Wb. 22a2 .

(b) ropu`, robu`, ropo`, robo`, rupa`, ropa`, roba`, rop`, rob`, rap`, ro bud ; do replacing ro : do bo`, do ba`, do bu`, dob`, do bud ; dorob (where the final vowel has dropped out the copula is nearly always folld. by a vowel or ḟ) : rob e a n-immed conna ... `such was their multitude that' ..., Thes. ii 298.9 ( Hy. i Introd. ). sádid echlaisc and ropu dos iarom, Trip.² 1851. TBFr. 11. ind ingen robu ṡiniu, Trip.² 1116. ropo cridiscél, Mon. Tall. 136.23 . ropo thír cāich, Hail Brigit § 2. ropo suthain, LU 1077. PH 1673. robo maith, Corm. Y 31. nirbo chucumsa ... robo chóir dál, LU 8750. ar rup[a] la Coirpre Crích Conaill, Trip.² 1724. ropa anaichnid, PH 5287. Mon. Tall. 136.20 . (asbert) ... romba si sainserc samdine hé, Mon. Tall. 150.14 . an romba (arrombúi, v.l.) dech do thimthagail, Corm. Y 1059.12 . is ar a deirc ... ro-ba buidech Dia do Abél, PH 5882. rop nem thened tír Hua Néill, BDD² 240 (= ropo, LU 6743 ). rop é fochond ná dilend, LU 129. rofidir ... rop si Etain, Ériu xii 154.2 . rob aille leo, Corm. Y 503. ScM. § 240. PH 1590. túaith rob ferr icht, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.88 . PH 68. uar rombi (ro-m-bī) ind fit cetne, Mon. Tall. 147.14 . rap aithrech, Ériu vii 229 § 75. dobo mana crimb chnáma, Anecd. i 31 § 50. dobo cléguin, Ériu iv 112 § 2. doba díchur flaithesa dō, ML² 1422. doba ferr linn, KMMisc. 320.4 . doba dhainmidh dhó a ndermad, IGT Decl. ex. 1180. dob áil, PH 7584. dob fhíor, Feis Tighe Chonáin 72. fa chloinn Uisnigh dob ḟearr clú, KMMisc. 356 § 4. dob fhearr liom go n-eagnuighidís (utinam saperent), TSh. 6857. 4957 (both modal). do búdh tusa cnoc na cclíar, KMMisc. 346 I § 2 . do budh [de] chloind Cuillinn ..., Feis Tighe Chonáin 1161. adharc ... dobudh faide ionā an adharc oile, TSh. 22. dorob ingnad in cuairt crecht, Ériu v 246.228 .

Conj.

(a) -r(o)bu`, -r(u)bu`, -rbo` (the exx. in which the vowel of ro is not syncopated are all from Ml.) : nírbu faás foruigéni, Wb. 13b7 . nírbu chuman leu, Ml. 124b5 . hóre nárbu bae, Wb. 5b12 . Ml. 60a12 . donarobu gnath techt for culu, 129d3 . corbu écen, Wb. 32c17 . Ml. 31b16 . corrobu bec, 131b12 . conrubu chrín, 99a2 . indí ... lasinrubu chumtabart, 102d4 . 131d11. nírbo sar leu ar cocéilsine, Wb. 19a1 . nirbo chuit eperte, 24c5 .

(b) -rbu`, -rpu`, -rpo`, -rbo`, rba`, -rob`, -rb`, -ra, -r`, -rsa(t), -rso : nírpu sía léu oldaas oenuair, Trip.² 2054. nirbu chían, LU 1756 (ICM). corbu réill, Trip.² 2136. ciarbu tholgdae, Fél. 125. fer fial ... diarmbu (sic) lan Temair, AU i 394. 13 (A.D. 878) . nírpo o chridiu, Trip.² 1562. nír bo thoirneach ..., BDD² 191. LU 915. corbo chonair letartha, TBC-I¹ 1887. gérbo tri haicmedha íatt, Anecd. v 20.25 . nírba maith, LU 315. nirba choir, Anecd. i 20.14 . PH 3078. adeirdis corba mac, Corm. Y 896.8 . gurbha (gur fa, v.l.) héigean dó, TSh. 2484. órba cindti forba a bethad dó, BColm. 96.4 . nī rob urāil, Bruchst. 37 § 87. nirb oróil, MacCongl. 111.7 . nírbh é, IGT Decl. ex. 1274. níorbh fheasach, TSh. 2973. nocorb áil, Trip.² 397. aided narb inmain, ScM. § 24d . ainm ... ionarb éigean sinne do shlánughadh, TSh. 2088. níra míad leo dul assin chrích co mbetís aidchi longphuirt inti, MU² 843. nīr mīad ... leis ind ūaburdelb ... tārfas dōib, TBC-I¹ 2020. nīr cōir, ACL iii 221.24 (modal). nir thim a ḟer, Ériu v 244.211 . Feis Tighe Chonáin 1203. níor ghrása na bronntanas na grása ... dá mbeith ..., Donlevy 214.y (modal). níor chían, TSh. 2479. cinnas nachar chomtig, LU 10316 (modal). créad is iontuigthe as sin, acht gur dhearbh leó ..., TSh. 653. cíar adbol a ndrong, LU 9395. ger mhór in ail, Anecd. i 29 § 36. teagh ar ar lia fear faire, PBocht 12 § 26. drong ... rér mhaith deighmheas do bheith ag an bpobal orra, TSh. 8926 (? modal). ón tráth fár dhearbh leis é féin d'éag, TSh. 2800. draig ... ór doilghe dul, Ériu ix 6.51 (modal). ónar thana lucht loingsi `by whom sea-roving crews are thinned,' Duan. F. i 81.9 . The ending -rsa, -rsad may have arisen on the analogy of the 1st and 2nd sg. -rsam, -rsat (qq.v. above) : derb leo nírsa meath don mac, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44 § 2. nirsa monar maca[i]n maith | dingbail in laich, 44 § 1. ailtir in mac ... gursa hoglach mor, 43.13 . carsa dúal don aithech-mhadudh ... tocht ... d'imrisin risin árchoin ?, ZCP viii 553.29 . ciarso thucait ro-dos-foglúais, LL 133b16 . TBC-LL¹ 1935. ciarsa dam `though it were a bull,' CRR § 5. brugaid ... darsat (? leg. darsa) comainm C., ZCP vii 307.17 , but cf. oglach darsad comainm E., viii 549.10 . Cf. pl. : carsad comhadha sin ?, 544.22 .

pl. 1

I No forms without ro- occur.

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robummar : robumar cuindrichthi gl. erecti sumus, Ml. 43d6 . huare robummar bibdid-ni dait-siu, 62b5 .

(b) ropsar, ropar, robdar, robatar: ropsar marba meni beth Find, RC vii 302.183 . ropar cocle cridi. ropar caemthe caille. ropar fir chomdeirgide, LL 10510 (MS ropdar with d expunged) = TBC-LL² 3071-73 ; robdar TBC(C) 2127-29 , RC xi 29 § 54 ; robatar, TBC St. 2903 ; robadar, RC xi 29 § 54 .

Conj.

(a) -rbommar : nírbommar utmuill ... nírbommar tromdi gl. non inquieti fuimus, Wb. 26b14 .

(b) -rsar : cid sinni nirsar malla, RC vii 294.81 .

pl. 2 No instances.

pl. 3

I Forms without ro-.

Abs.

(a) batir, batar : iarsindí batir inricci du báas huili, Wb. 5c14 . batir athissi ... dait-siu, Ml. 90d17 . air batar carait, 31a3 . 23c16 . Hy. ii 6.

(b) batir, batar, bat : batir banbrugaid sōn ┐ batar maithi, Corm. Y 1018.14 . batir faelti, LU 10585. batir hé iarom bátár im Ch., 8161 . BDD² 398. bátir (batar, batir, v.ll.) Érenn ardae, Fél. June 25 . LU 1699 (ICM). bátir īalla bātar inde, MacCongl. 89.26 . forsin fer batair bech whose bees they were, Laws iv 178.15 . batar sinde rīadatar it was we, Corm. Y 698.37 . SR 4072. BDD² 19. batar imtholtanaig, LU 3244. bátár hé sin a imtechtai, 11030 . bāttar dóini carsam-ne, Otia i 122 § 3. § 4 . bat comluatha dana fri conaib, IT i 72.11 . bat failid uili de sin, RC xliii 24 § 22.

Conj.

(a) -btar, -ptar : nitat pecthi ... indechtso cebtar hé riam, Wb. 4a8 . ciaptar mora a pecthai-som, Ml. 98c5 . a namtar tuidchissi, Sg. 6a13 . amtar mbati `when they were drowned,' Ml. 84d5 .

(b) -btar, -ptar, -btor, -tar, -but : céptar bailci bressa, Fél. Prol. 74. ciabtar glain, SR 2421. cíaptar áilli, Fél. Prol. 133. níptar ecnaig, ib. Nov. 9. níbtar dermaill, Corm. Y 398 . nibdar dimdaig, SR 3550. BCC 66.8 . imtar láin ..., | imtar ilerda, SR (Greene) 4659 . amdar suidigthi ... forsin teinith, Trip.² 131. comtar mairb, SR 5111. LU 8373. PH 5479. comdar slána, Trip.² 157. immuscomarcair cibtar hē asked who they were, Corm. Y 1059.58 . gu mbut ōga a n-ocobair till their desires were fulfilled, ACL iii 3.12 .

II Forms with ro-.

Abs.

(a) robtar, roptar, robatar (Ml. only), robdar : nitat huili robtar tuicsi, Wb. 11a21 . hore romtar óis teglig, 7b13 . robtar beca, Ml. 90c25 . déde hí roptar bibdaid som, 124c2 . inna hí ruptar ardda, Thes. ii 11.42 (Bcr.). is follus romatar bibdaid som, Ml. 125b9 . 78b12 . rocretset ... romdar tosge maith doib nanní ..., 96b5 .

(b) robtar, roptar, raptar, robdar, robdur, ? ropat : ar robtar cosmaili, Trip.² 1297. Corm. Y 690.4 . robtar auctair in dana sin, Trip.² 328. LU 9602. SR 3449. robdar druid co mōreōlus, TBC-I¹ 835. Anecd. i 46.12 . ar ropdar mebhra laiss iat, ii 43.3 . arinni robdur ceithri uidhi, Laws i 262.4 . ropat móra do berta (? or leg. ropsat), IT iii 484.281 . ropsat comchuibde ar ceta, Ériu i 72 § 4. RC vii 294.82 . MR 214.16 . FDG 557. rapsat irlama, MU² 149. TBC-LL¹ 3243. Ériu i 72 § 4. robsat athlumha, BS 18.26 . robsad buana, ML² 2084. ZCP viii 539.17 . ? To this : na sluaig remi rosatr[i]uin (? leg. ropsat triuin), SR 3983.

Conj.

(a) -rubtar, -ruptar, -roptar : isuaignid ni rubtar gáitha for comairli, Wb. 18c6 . conruptar fadirci ind usci, Ml. 40d16 (MS. ɔ possibly for co L in which case ruptar could be abs., Ériu lvi 40 n. 56 ). ceruptar enartu, 49a17 . arrumtar doirthi, 34d10 . déde hí roptar bibdaid som, 124c2 .

(b) -rbtar, -rptar, -rtar, -rbat, -rpsat, -rsat, -psat, -bsat, -psatar : nírbtar humail fris, Trip.² 1976. Corm. Y 179. nírptar fáilti, BDD² 337. nirdar subaig, TBC-LL¹ 3242. ciarbat ile, PRIA iii (3rd ser.) 548 § 23 ( LL 147a ). garbat discailtig, TBC-LL¹ 544. gurbat daitinigh, RC xliii 75 § 75. Leb. Gab.(i) 118.1 . corbhat foithe, RC xliii 84 § 85. nirbat sathig (nirbot, nirbad, nirbo, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 78.24 . nirpsat [m'] airm[-si] can ulaig, Ériu i 72 § 2. nirsat tualaing a dhinghmhail, v 158.210 . nirsat methol a n-athól they were not a band in the second drinking ?, BCC 290.28 . a mbrughaidh nírsat bronuigh, Ériu iv 116 § 24. gursad luatha, RC xiv 28.12 . cersat mor, PH 250. da ghadaige ... darsat comanmann Dismus ┐ Iesmus, 2852 . cārsat comadha sin, ML² 1387. carsad, ZCP viii 544.22 . ciapsat guir fri crabud nglé, SR 8007. nibsad adbul a ḟir bain, Anecd. i 13.15 . batar gnima erred lat-sa, nipsatar gnima con, Anecd. iii 53.8 . In : gomsad daerbhesacha macneda Uladh. ZCP viii 546.7 . the form is pres. pl. 3 but the sense calls for sec. fut. pl. 3. Cf. 545.21 .

On buith as vn. of copula see GOI § 817. Cf. mo bith lomnocht, SR 1336. maso ḟír ... | for mbith iarmui do Abram, 3498 .

míasaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. míasaigid or dil.ie/32145

v entertains or serves at table: anus [leg. amus?] o miasaiged ind ule buden, Goid. 66.

sentonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sentonn or dil.ie/37180

Forms: sentuinne, sentain, sentinni

n ā, f., sentuinne , f. Note n s. sentain, Hib. Min. 70.y . an old woman : na sentinni gl. anus , Wb. 28d18 . ind inbaid randus in tsentond a tortin frisind ingin, Hib. Min. 66.13 . eter firu ┐ mna . . . etir senóre ┐ sentuinne, LL 220b43 . fogabhait forais sentuinne moíre istigh ┐ etnech impi, IT iii 318.z . arole senntond dicōid do c[h]omnai, ZCP vi 259.1 . imcomaircis . . . don tsentuind, 7 . in Mórrígan i ndelb na sentainne caillige, LU 6248 (TBC) = na sentuindi, TBC-I¹ 1748 . go fhacaigh chuigi sentonn chaillighi, TBC-LL¹ p. 331 n. 6 . go facatar in tsentuinne moinglēith, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.13 ). ic[s]ais in sentine ṁbaclaig forumad i fosscud in charpuit, Irish Texts i 15 § 44 . co n-accai sentani crín i ndorus in tige, Trip.² 265 . facais seantuindi og comet in topuir, RC xxiv 196 § 10 . sech am trōg am sentane (: beltene), Otia i 124 § 10 . gaduis do druim a doirre | cen saogal fri sentuinne, Metr. Dinds. iii 56.42 = saoghal sund a (co, is, na, v.ll.) sentaine acht rat[h]aib [nit-raib], RC xv 319.4 . sean tuinne .i. seanchailleach, O'Cl. ? it grainni in cuirp triasin sendataig sentuinde eunaichthe, Fél. 146.11 .

For phrase smera sentuinde see smennta.

1 táir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 táir or dil.ie/39641

adj. (g s. of 1 tár ?) mean, base, valueless: dligid tuarastal nach tair | ri lanchalma Uí Liatháin, BB 271a37 = can tár, Leb. Cert. 82.5 . nír bo th.¤ fá fhorgla fear, 204.8 . atá fleadh nach t.¤ i dtigh (leg. id th.¤ ?), Dán Dé xxiii 16 (but perh. vb., cf. go dtáir mé, xxvii 16 ). go t.¤ , ZCP v 227.878 . Generally in compar. and super.: da madh nech budh tharriu ináisiu do cloidhfedh sinne, CCath. 2553 . na rígh fa táire ` lesser ,' Content. v 140 . budh dúbhach ... sinn ... | 's níor tháire do'n ghrian-bhean no less sorrowful, Oss. iv 256.16 . ní táire fóiscríob ... phinn ... | 'ná a dhá corrbhraoi no more slender is the stroke of a pen than her two brows (?), Hackett xi 17 . Superl. anus tairem do mnaiu ocus d'feruip na cathrach-sa, Anecd. ii 55.2 . an ba táriu da sétaib, TBC-LL¹ 62 . In Laws base, low in rank or standing: in fer midbad is tairi, ii 258.21 Comm. lethdaim airech forgill is taire, 386. x Comm. ó rí gus an té as táire, Dán Dé vii 13.

1 téit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 téit or dil.ie/40447
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tíagussa, tiagu, tíagu, nontiag, tiag, tiach, tíag, tíagso, tiagasa, tégi, thégi, notheig, téig, téit, teit, tét, dét, tét, núntet, tet, teit, theit, téit, téte, déte, theite, tete, dete, tiágmini, tiagmai, tiagam, diagmani, tiagmeni, for-téit, tiagait, tiagat, tiagat, tiagtae, tiagdde, tiagta, tíagair, tiagar, tíaghair, noteged, tarateged, teged, theigtis, notegtis, ercc, airc-si, teig, téig, teit, tēiti, téit, tét, táit, táet, for-tat-tet, tiat, tét, táet, taett, tiagamm, tíagam, airciub, arcib, argib, ercib, eirgiu, tiagat, tiagar, tíagar, thiasusa, tíasa, thíasa, tias, tias, tesi, théisi, thēsi, théise, tési, teis, téis, teis, théis, thes, téis, te, té, te, tēi, tias, tīasam, tíastaisi, thíastá, thessid, tiasuit, tiagaid, thíasat, -ait, tiasat, tíasat, tíastae, tiasda, tiasair, tiasar, tīastar, tíasar, tiastar, nothéisinn, thiasta-so, tíasta, notheised, notésed, tesed, -téssed, notesad, na-thiasmais, notésstae, nutiastais, tiastais, rigasa, annurig, ragsa, reg, regai, rega, mosregae, regasu, regaid, rega, rigas, regus, rigmi, regmi, regmai, rechmi, -regaid, regait, regat, regda, rigthir, regthair, regthar, rigtha, rígad, noregad, nandrigad, -regad, regtais, noregtáis, -regtais, lodsa, lud, lod, lod-sai, luid, luid-side, luid, luid, luid, luide, llude, lodmar, lotair, lotir, lotar, dochood, docoadsa, dochoad, docoatsai, -dechudsa, -deochadsa, -dechad-sa, dochūad, docoid, docoith, ducoid, dochoid, duchoid, dichoid, duchooid, duchoaid, ducuaid, dochoid, dochuaid, -dechuid, -dechuith, -dechaid, -deochaid, dodchommar, dochuamar, -dechummar, dochuabair, dochuabar, docotar, dachotar, dochotar, ducuatar, cotar, dochótar, dochuatar, -dechaddar, -dechatár, -deochotar, dochoas, dochós, dochúas, docuas, docúas, -dechvs, -deachas, digthim, dichtim, dachubat, doscuat, dacumat, dachuat, doscuchad, dā cubat, doscuet, decomad, doscuaid, dichuat, -dichet, dicead, digtith, díchtheth, -dechus, -dechus, -dechos, -dechus, -digus, -digius, -dighes, conicius, docui, cuissiu, dechais-[s]iu, -dechais, -digis, -dichis, docói, doco, dochoi, do cae, dodchoid, -decha, -dich, -dig, -dech, -dechsam, connicsim-ni, digsem, -digsid, -dechsaid, docoiset, do-coísat, docóesat, dochósat, dochoiset, -dechset, -digset, -digsit, -dechsat, -deochsaindsea, -dechsaind, dochōised, docoissed, do coisead, -digsed, -digseth, -dichsed, -dechsad, -dechastái, docoistis, dochoistís, -dechsaitis, -dechsitis, -digsitis, docoised, -dechsad, docoéstis, tiagasa, tiagusa, tégim-si, tiag, téig, tēigi, -teig, téit, tet, tēt, tiat, tēiti, teite, -tet, -ttēd, -tēd, -téit, -tiat, teige, tet, degas, tíagma, thīagma, tiagmait, -tíagam, teigthi, tegthi, teidchi, tíagait, tíagad, tiagat, tíat, -tiagat, -tiaguid, -tiaguit, -diagait, tiagait, tegat, ra-thaegat, tiagtha, tiagait, tíagait, tiaghar, -tiaghar, tíagthar, tiagar, tiaghdur, tiaghtur, notheighedh, thegaid, tiagadh, théiged, théiged, -tiagad, tégtis, teigdis, -teigtis, téigthea, teigthi, airc, aircc, airg, airgg, hērcc, ergc, tíat, téiged, tiaga, ēirgidh, tiagum, tīagmaini, tiag, tiagam, aircid, airgid, eirgid, eir[g]eid, tiagat, tiagaid, téighed, eirced, tiagar, tíagair, tīachar, tiasur, -tias, -theis, theis, -tiasur, teisiu, -téis, notéis, -tiasair, teis, theis, -tiasum, ratessemni, -tíassat, -tiagsad, -tēset, notēisinn, -tesed, -tēised, -tessed, -theissed, tesid, nothaesad, -tíasad, doniasadh, -toised, teised, -thíastaís, -teostaiss, -tiestais, tiag-, téit, theigsetar, ragasa, ragsa, rach, regad, reghat, regut, ragatsa, ragut, ragaid, regaid-se, regait, -reg, -rag, -rach, ragai, rogai, rage, raga, racha, -raga, -rada, -rado, ragaid, rachaidh, -raga, -racha, -rachaidh, -rachuidh, ragas, ragus, rachas, regma, ragma, ragmaine, raigma, régmait, ragmait, -ragam, -ragum, ragthai, ragaid, -racthai, ragait, rechaid, regat, regut, rechtait, raghdait, rágdait, ragdáit, ragtháit, rachdaeid, rechtair, ragthair, rachthair, ragthar, ragar, rachar, -raghthar, -raigther, -raghtha-sa, reched, notragad, ragad, -ragad, -rachad, doragad, noregadáis, noragdais, -ragdais, -rachdais, -ragtha, cor-rachtae, -rachtea, luid, luith, lauid, lud, luide, luidi, ludi, luide, luidi, ludi, ludai, laide, luidi, luid, luid, dolai, dluídh, ra-luid, -rulaid, -luid, lodmar, lodomar, lodamur, lotar, lautar, lodur, lodatar, lodadar, luiditar, lotarset, lotsat, dollotar, dolotar, tollotar, tulatar, ra-lotar, lodadar, luid-, lodma, luidinn-se, luid, ludfamar, luidhes, luidis, luidhius, lodsam, lodsamar, -lodsaid, -ladsaid, -lodsaid, luidset, luidsed, luighsit, luidhsiot, luidsiut, lutsat, luidhsidar, docuad, dochúadusa, do-cūadas, rochuadhus, -deachad, dochodaisiu, do-cūadais, dochuadais, -dechais, dochóid, dochaidh, dochuaid, rochōid, rochúaid, chuaid, -dechaid, -dechuidh, -deochaid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, deochaid, docuamair-ni, rochuammar, -deochabair, dochótár, dochotar, dochuatar, rochuadar, rocuadur, ro-digset, -dechatar, -deachatar, -deachadair, -dechsat, -dechsatar, docoas, docos, cós, docuass, dochuas, docuas, rocúadhus, -dechus, -dechas, dechar, -digusa, -dechus, -deochus, -decharsa, -dechor, -dechur, -dech, -digser, -diccsiur, -digis, -digis-[s]iu, -digese, -digsiu, -díchiseo, -dechais, -dechis, -deachadais, -dechasu, -deochais, -dechair, -dig, nosdig, rosdigh, -dech, -deoch, -dechsum, -dechaisti, -dighset, -diccsed, -dechsat, -dechaind, -digthea, -dechta, nodhighsedh, dhigsid, dic[h]sead, nódechsad, dheachsad, -digsed, conigsed, -digsith, -dechsad, -dechad, -deachaid, -dechasta, -digsitís, -dechsaitís, -dhechdais, téighim, teim, -tēigim, -teim, tiag, téighi, -téighe, -teir, teit, téid, téd, -teit, -téid, tiamaid, -téimíd, tiagait, tiaghaid, téighit, téidhid, téid, tiaghuid, nostiad, tiad, tiaghaid, -thiaghaid, -tiaid, tiagar, tiachair, teigther, tegther, -tiagar, -tiachar, -tiaghair, -tiachair, téi-, tia-, do-éi-, do-ia-, tiad, ēid, do-éid, chum, -teighedh, -theidheadh, théighdís, teighdis, -tecdis, -teghth, -teighthi, eirg, éirigh, téigh, téidheadh, éirghidh, téighidh, tiagar, eirgear, eargar, eirg, eirgeadh, eargadh, eirgeam, eargam, eirgthear, eargthar, eargaidh, dtéighedsa, —téidhe, théighe, ragat, rachad, reachat, —rach, racha, racair, raghair, rachaidh, raghaidh, rachaidh, —ragha, —racha, —rachaidh, raghas, rachas, reachbhas, radhmait, rachmait, rachmaid, —ragham, —racham, rachaid, rachthair, rachtar, raghar, —rachaind, —rachthá, rachtha, ragad, rachadh, rachadh, —raghadh, —rachadh, —rachfadh, —reachadh, ragtais, rachdaois, —raghduis, —rachdais, —rachdaois, ragthai, luid—, luid, roloduir, lodamar, lottar, lodor, —deachodhus, chuadhais, dechadais, —deachais, dochuaidh, dochóidh, docháidh, chuaidh, chuaidh, dechaidh, dheachaidh, —dechaid, —deachaidh, —deochaid, do cuamar, do-chuamair, do-chámar, do chuadhmuir-ne, —deachamair, do-chuabhair, do chuadar, do-chódar, do-chádair, ra chuatar, chuadar, do choidset, dodeachatar, dechadar, —deachatar, —deachadar, —deochatar, —dechsat, —deachsad, do-chuas, do-cuas, cuas, chuas, —deachar, —dighear, —deach, —dechuir, —dechair, —deachair, —dhech, dheach, —dech, —deach, —digh, —deacham, dechuid, ndeachud, —dighthir, —deachainn, —dechtha, —deachtha, —digsed, —diccseadh, —deachadh, —deachaidh, —deachmaois, —dechtais, —deachdís, —deachadaois, techt, dul, t., tiagar

(see Ériu xii 227 ff. , Études Celt. xxxiv 145 , xxii 204 ). Irreg. vb. with forms from various roots.

FORMS.

A. Early forms.

Indic. pres. 1 s. tíagussa, Wb. 17b18 . tiagu, 20 . tíagu, LU 4721 . nontiag, TBC-I¹ 241 . tiag is also used as absolute form in fut. sense, Ml. 58c6 . tiach, Sg. 210 marg. inf. ( Thes. ii xxii ). tíag, LU 10934 . tíagso, TBC-I¹ 1299 = tiagasa, LU 5769 . (According to Zeuss 443 , Sarauw, ZCP iv 86 these are imper.). 2 s. cia leth tégi , PH 8216 . cid thégi , Lat. Lives 82.6 . cid notheig , SR 3094 . masu ead no téig , BDD² 285 . 3 s. téit, Ml. 3a4 . 47a17 . 103d27 . 109a2 . teit, 24d30 . 27c10 . 67d24 . 94c10 . Sg. 38a1 . tét, Ml. 21c3 . nicon dét , 53a17 . dia tét , 56b1 . amal núntet , 77a14 . dia tet , Thes. ii 255.6 . dia teit , Ml. 100b9 . ni theit , SR 447 . ni téit , Laws i 102.4 . rel. téte, Wb. 9a3 . 9d5 . 20a12 . Ml. 28c19 . Sg. 30b12 . 92a2 . 129a1 . déte, Wb. 11d7 . theite, Sg. 114b2 . tete, Ml. 22b1 . 62b20 . Sg. 188a13 . dete, Ml. 93b12 . 1 pl. tiágmini, Wb. 15b28 . tiagmai, LU 4706 . cosa tiagam , SR 7968 . rel. in tain diagmani , Wb. 3a15 . tiagmeni, 15b28 . 2 pl. [ for-téit, Wb. 14c3 , see Ériu xii 228 ]. 3 pl. tiagait, Wb. 5c16 . 11d12 . Ml. 14a5 . Sg. 196a1 . cona tiagat , Ml. 51d3 . ni tiagat , Thes. ii 12.33 . rel. tiagtae, Ml. 125a2 . tiagdde, Sg. 104b1 . 119a2 . 120a1 . tiagta, 54b6 . pass. tíagair, TBFr. 260 . RC iii 345.15 . rel. tiagar, Ml. 15a2 . tíaghair, Hib. Min. 297.

Impf. 3 s. noteged, Ml. 54c18 . tarateged, Thes. ii 315.26 . tan teged , SR 4502 . 3 pl. ind úair theigtis , 1113 . notegtis, Mon. Tall. 161.22 .

Imper. 2 s. ercc, Mon. Tall. 154.7 . airc-si, BDD² 1445 . ná teig , SR 1152 . na téig , LU 6023 . 3 s. ? teit, LU 5936 . ? Anecd. i 10.2 . tēiti (with suff. pron.), TBC-I¹ 1591 . na téit , Wb. 10a15 . ? 9d31 (see note). The form téit in Wb may represent tét, which is to be inferred from the compds. táit, táet, for-tat-tet ( Ml. 43b11 ) and Mid. Ir. tiat (see infra). Cf. also Strachan, OIPG 83 and Bergin, Ériu xii 228.6 . tét, RC ix 484.14 . táet, 488.7 . taett, BColm. 74.22 . 1 pl. tiagamm, SR 3628 . tíagam, LU 4951 . 2 pl. airciub, Blathm. 90 § 6 . arcib, Bethu Brigte 8 § 25 . argib, Bethu Brigte 10 § 29 . ercib, Otia i 115.5 . eirgiu, ZCP iv 243.3 . 3 pl. tiagat, Ml. 54b12 . pass. tiagar, 16c5 . tíagar, TBFr. 14.

Subj. pres. 1 s. cia thiasusa , Wb. 23c31 . Irish Texts i 10.21 . tíasa, BDD² 1438 . cia thíasa , Rawl. 82b18 . re tias , Lib. Hymn. 167.185 (ACC). i tias , Rawl. 106b19 . 2 s. tesi, Mon. Tall. 136.17 . théisi, ZCP iv 43.23 . thēsi, théise, ZCP xi 80.16 , 20 - 21 . tési (with imper. sense), LU 5270 . rot teis , SR 1273 (but see Wortk. vii p. 641 ). ní téis , Ériu i 199 § 19 . dia teis , LB 261a60 . 3 s. ma théis , Wb. 14a14 . cia thes , Ml. 23d23 . ma (sic leg.) téis , Mon. Tall. 137.14 . arna te , Ml. 36a23 . arna té , 126a4 . forsa te , Thes. ii 249.9 . nād tēi , ZCP iv 43.9 . rel. tias, Thes. ii 39.25 . Cf. SR 1660 . 1 pl. cia tīasam , Thes. ii 299.30 . 2 pl. tíastaisi, TBFr. 413 . má thíastá , LU 4764 . ní thessid , 4809 . Cáin Ad. 27 . 3 pl. tiasuit (as imper.; tiagaid, v.l.), IT ii2 191.1 . cia thíasat (leg. -ait), SR 1845 . mani tiasat , Mon. Tall. 147.21 . cén co tíasat , LU 8083 . rel. tíastae, Fél. Ep. 470 . tiasda, Laws iv 144.2 Comm. pass. tiasair, ZCP vii 311 § 19 . tiasar, Laws v 320.11 . tīastar, Sc.M² 5.11 . ní tíasar , Ériu i 199.3 (tiastar, v.l.). rel. tiastar, LB 261b1 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . 2 s. no thiasta-so , LL 284b14 . co tíasta , ZCP viii 310.16 . 3 s. notheised, Wb. 32a17 . notésed, Ml. 23b12 . 54a21 . ara tesed , Sg. 21b9 . -téssed, Thes. ii 310.1 . notesad, Ml. 34d6 . 1 pl. na-thiasmais, PH 5009 . 2 pl. notésstae, Wb. 9b19 (sic leg., note, but see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 654 ). 3 pl. nutiastais, Ml. 117d3 . na tiastais , SR 3407.

Fut. 1 s. rigasa, LU 3250 . annurig, Ml. 87b18 . ní ragsa , RC iii 346.11 . ni reg , Ériu iii 106 § 45 . 2 s. regai, PH 1378 . rega, 2328 . mosregae, Thes. ii 318.6 . ní regasu , TBFr. 310 . 3 s. regaid, Sg. 36b1 . Sc.M² 15.8 . nā rega , MacCongl. 29.5 . rel. rigas, Thes. ii 1.14 . regus, Irish Texts i 16.12 . 1 pl. rigmi, Wb. 15c23 . regmi, Fél. Prol. 291 . regmai, TBFr. 415 . rechmi, LU 3423 . 2 pl. -regaid, Lat. Lives 54.y . 3 pl. regait, Thes. ii 316.30 . 319.2 . ni regat , PH 6744 . rel. regda, ZCP xii 245 § 9 . pass. rigthir, Wb. 9a23 . regthair, Ériu i 44.18 . regthar, TBC-I¹ 1236.

Condit. 2 s. ní rigtha , LU 3275 . 3 s. ní rígad , Wb. 11a22 . noregad, Ml. 118b6 . nandrigad, Thes. ii 242.6 . -regad, Trip.² 1713 . 3 pl. dia regtais , Ml. 99b10 . noregtáis, TTr.² 138 . -regtais, Lat. Lives 58.5 .

Pret. 1 s. lodsa, LU 1351 . Ériu iv 134.3 . o na lud , RC xiv 400.13 . 2 s. can lod , 406.2 . ? lod-sai, IT iii 244.24 . 3 s. luid, Ml. 16c10 . luid-side (sic leg.), 55c1 . luid, 74b5 . Thes. ii 240.2 . 242.11 . ho luid , Wb. 3c37 . dia luid , Ml. 52 ( Thes. i 164.14 ). 55c1 . rel. luide, 127d3 . a llude , LU 10932 . 1 pl. lodmar, TBC-LL¹ 4114 . LB 215a70 . 3 pl. lotair, SR 3457 . TBC-I¹ 26 . lotir, LU 10575 . lotar (perh. rel., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Thes. ii 250.15 . 316.5 . SR 6666 . pass. see ethaid.

Perf. 1 s. dochood, Wb. 17d7 . docoadsa, 18d6 . dochoad, TBFr. 332 . ? docoatsai, RC xii 64.z . -dechudsa, Wb. 14c40 . -deochadsa, TBFr. 282 . -dechad-sa, TBC-LL¹ 29 . 2 s. dochūad, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 3 . 3 s. docoid, Wb. 21a12 . 31d19 . Ml. 32d10 . 43d27 . Sg. 217b16 . docoith, Wb. 11a22 . ducoid, Ml. 63c19 . dochoid, Wb. 14a19 . 14c20 . 14d30 . 28b30 . duchoid, Ml. 74a12 . 84c9 . dichoid, Mon. Tall. 127.10 . duchooid, Thes. ii 241.11 . duchoaid, 1.14 . ducuaid, Ml. 65c9 . dochoid, SR 7753 . dochuaid, 2592 . Fél. Ep. 267 . -dechuid, Ml. 54d3 . 54d7 . 65d12 . 98b8 . Sg. 148b3 . -dechuith, Wb. 16c7 . 22b11 . -dechaid, SR 1720 . -deochaid, 2797 . 1 pl. cia dodchommar , Wb. 23d23 . dochuamar, PH 1580 . -dechummar, Ml. 63c14 . 2 pl. dochuabair, SR 1443 = dochuabar, LB 111b36 . 3 pl. docotar, Wb. 29a8 . dachotar, Ml. 38b2 . dochotar, 124c26 . ducuatar, 66c16 . do cotar , Snedg. u. Mac R 10.15 . dochótar, TBC-I¹ 150 . dochuatar, SR 1701 . -dechaddar, Mon. Tall. 163.21 . -dechatár, LU 8377 . -deochotar, IT i 74.4 . pass. dochoas, TBFr. 356 . dochós, LU 9743 . dochúas, SR 6301 . docuas, Trip.² 2171 . docúas, IT i 130.8 . -dechvs, TTr.² 833 . -deachas, Ériu xii 192.8 .

Perfective pres. (expressing completion of action and possibility). (Cf. Études Celt. iii 224 ff. ). 1 s. na digthim , SR 3203 . conna dichtim , LU 5180 . 3 s. dachubat ... doscuat , Corm. Bodl. 36 - 8 = dacumat no dachuat ... doscuchad , Corm. 38 = dā cubat ... doscuet, Corm. Y 1082 = decomad ... doscuaid, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 xix 318 . dichuat, Críth G. 306 . -dichet (: fichet, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 3 . KMMisc. 212.13 . Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 421 ). Thes. ii 292.19 . Anecd. v 29.21 . Ériu ii 118 § 52 . AU i 260.5 . AFM i 386.2 . RC xi 457.3 . Laws iv 122.16 Comm. v 272.6 . 388.2 . 394.5 . O'Dav. 714. O'Mulc. 759 . dicead, Laws iv 112.7 . 2 pl. connach digtith , Wb. 9b19 . Impf. 3 s. cona díchtheth , LU 4797.

Subj. corresponding to perf. Pres. 1 s. -dechus, TBC-I¹ 459 . -dechus, Ériu xii 156.9 = -dechos, LU 10644 . -dechus, PH 3123 . -digus, Goid. 101.11 . -digius, TBC-LL¹ 560 . PH 1570 . ZCP vi 259 § 1 . -dighes, x 339 § 16 . conicius, RC xxvii 274.14 . 2 s. docui, RC xii 70 § 40 . do cuissiu , LB 261a79 = dechais-[s]iu, ACL iii 319 § 75 . -dechais, SR 5951 . IT i 21.32 . PH 1564 . -digis, LU 9663 . RC vii 292.43 . -dichis, ZCP iv 45.2 . Ériu i 192 § 1 . 3 s. docói, Wb. 29a28 . doco, Críth G. 540 . dochoi, O'Dav. 683. do cae, Laws ii 242.13 . ? dodchoid, Ériu vii 156.7 . -decha (`lautgesetzliche Form,' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Wb. 28b30 . LU 6987 . Laws v 146.7 Comm. -dich (`analogische Form,' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 641 ), Wb. 9d24 . LU 6180 . Anecd. iii 61.12 . -dig, Thes. ii 349.2 . LU 2079. 5178 . -dech, 439 . ACL iii 234.25 . 1 pl. -dechsam, Ml. 62d1 . SR 1549 . Ériu i 122.z . connicsim-ni, RC x 220 § 11 . digsem, BNnÉ 306 § 25 . 2 pl. -digsid, IT i 75.3 . -dechsaid, SR 1375 . PH 3052 . 3 pl. docoiset, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . LU 4749 (= dochōised, TBC-I¹ 261 ). do-coísat, ZCP xi 84 § 32 . docóesat, O'Dav. 744. dochósat, RC xvii 172.27 . ? dochoiset, ZCP iii 30.2 . -dechset, LU 5193 . -digset, TBC-LL¹ 553 . -digsit, Laws iv 234.15 . -dechsat, ZCP xiv 158.8 . BB 7a34 .

Impf. 1 s. -deochsaindsea, LU 5906 . -dechsaind, PH 3023 . 3 s. dochōised, TBC-I¹ 261 (= docoiset, LU 4749 ). docoissed, Anecd. iii 61.5 . do coisead, Laws iv 100.9 Comm. 104.12 . -digsed, Thes. ii 354.8 . SR 5623 . Trip.² 1268 . -digseth, 151 . -dichsed, Thes. ii 310.14 . -dechsad, SR 5643 . 2 pl. -dechastái, TTr.² 1819 . 3 pl. docoistis, Ml. 34a9 . dochoistís, LU 6752 . -dechsaitis, Ml. 42a6 . -dechsitis, 42a7 . -digsitis, Trip.² 174. 2870 . The following forms, indistinguishable from the subj. impf., are used in condit. sense: 3 s. docoised, LU 5919 . -dechsad, 9104 . 3 pl. docoéstis, 5370 . See RC xxviii 206 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 642.

B Mid. Ir. development of the above system.

Indic. pres. 1 s. tiagasa, LU 5769 . darsa tiagusa , TBC-LL¹ 481 . tégim-si, PH 1570 . The usual form passim, abs. and conj., is tiag: Anecd. i 4.15 . Metr. Dinds. iii 210.17 . Éigse ii 109 § 7 . ? téig, Fianaig. 68.14 . 2 s. tēigi, ZCP vii 310 § 4 . -teig, KMMisc. 260 § 5 . 3 s. abs. téit, passim. tet, SR 8048 . tēt, TBC-I¹ 2680 . tiat, LU 5775 . Frequ. with suff. pron.: tēiti, TBC-I¹ 1722 . ZCP iv 44.31 . teite, TTr.² 524 . conj. -tet, Rawl. 120a2 . -ttēd, MS. Mat. 581.18 . -tēd, ZCP viii 120.11 . -téit, BDD² 280 . LU 2146 , and so passim. -tiat, Ériu iv 104 § 51 . ? ni teige , Laws i 48. 4 Comm. rel. tet, 272.3 Comm. ? 140 n. degas, Auraic. 5552 (tiagas, v.l.). 1 pl. tíagma, LU 5112 . thīagma, TBC-I¹ 628 . tiagmait, Thes. ii 322.20 . -tíagam (in subj. sense), ZCP viii 313.3 . 2 pl. teigthi, TTebe 1316 . tegthi, Todd Lect. vi 61.3 . teidchi, Aen. 1838 . 3 pl. abs. tíagait; also tíagad (-ait, v.ll.), BDD² 223 . tiagat, PH 2119 . tíat, Metr. Dinds. iii 44.80 . conj. -tiagat, also -tiaguid, Laws i 266.6 . -tiaguit, iii 70.1 . -diagait, iv 386.18 Comm. tiagait, v 152.2 . ITS xxxiv 38.3 . ? tegat (perh. to do-icc), Laws iv 206.17 (Binchy amends to archaic pres. subj. -tésat, Ériu xvii 66 § 6 ). ra-thaegat (as pret.), TBC-LL¹ 5097 . rel. tiagtha, LB 261a79 = tiagait, ACL iii 319 § 75 . Cf. in tan tíagait , LU 8136 . CCath. 1077 . pass. tiaghar, Laws i 268.12 . -tiaghar, ZCP v 498.16 . rel. tíagthar ... tiagar, BDD² 735 - 6 . tiaghdur, Laws i 266.5 . tiaghtur, 272.16 Comm.

Impf. 3 s. notheighedh, Anecd. i 43.15 . ? no thegaid (confugit), Lat. Lives 87.5 . tiagadh, Ériu v 20.10 . In rel. clauses: no théiged , LU 8931 . ni théiged , Ériu iv 124.9 . -tiagad, BDD² 154 . 3 pl. is cumma tégtis , IT i 193.24 . teigdis, Laws i 154.x Comm. -teigtis, TTebe 2306 . pass. téigthea, Ériu iv 124.10 . teigthi, KMMisc. 158.163 .

Imper. 2 s. airc, LU 5094 . aircc, ZCP vii 306.18 . airg, IT i 74.15 . airgg, TBC-I¹ 1197 . nā hērcc , ZCP iii 227.13 (heirc, v.l.). ergc, Ériu ii 222.4 . 3 s. tíat, LU 5834 . TBC-I¹ 918. 1363 . RC x 74.12 . téiged, PH 4993 . ACL iii 225.9 . na tiaga , PH 410 . ēirgidh, ACL iii 5.4 . 1 pl. tiagum, PH 3756 and passim. tīagmaini, TBC-I¹ 941 (cf. use of tiag as fut. or imper. 1 s.; tiagam, LU). 2 pl. ? aircid, Anecd. i 5.16 . airgid, TBFr. 396 . eirgid, RC xxiv 196.5 . eir[g]eid, ACL iii 225.9 . 3 pl. tiagat, IT i 75.9 . tiagaid, IT ii2 191.1 (tiasuit, v.l.). ? téighed, ZCP viii 212 § 63 . eirced, BDD² 217 (-ett, v.l.). pass. tiagar, Ériu v 28.28 . SG 373.35 . tíagair, LU 8802 . tīachar, TBC-I¹ 254 (tiagar, LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. ce bát é éc tiasur , LU 7882 . -tias, ZCP viii 110.8 , and passim. -theis (: mess), LL 148a17 . ní theis `I will not go,' MR 48.23 . -tiasur, TBC-LL¹ 5971 . 2 s. teisiu, Ériu xii 172.1 . -téis, LU 5271 . Metr. Dinds. iii 380.1 . notéis, ZCP x 47.24 . -tiasair, TBC-LL¹ 1175 . 3 s. teis, Laws ii 130.x Comm. cia theis , AFM i 408.x (in verse). -té, Ériu i 218.23 . 1 pl. -tiasum, PH 5349 . ? ratessemni, RC xxii 42 n. 13 (rot-ficbam, text). 3 pl. -tíassat, BDD² 177 . -tiagsad, Mon. Tall. 134.13 . -tēset, TBC-I¹ 164.

Subj. impf. 1 s. notēisinn, ZCP vii 307.9 . 3 s. -tesed. RC xvi 81.29 . -tēised, TBC-I¹ 595 . -tessed, Irish Texts i 11.12 . -theissed, PRIA xxx 262.16 . no tesid , Laws i 196.12 Comm. nothaesad, Ériu ix 45 § 5 . -tíasad, LU 6148 . Imr. Brain § 63 . doniasadh, O'Dav. 1501. -toised (? leg. teised), Rawl. 119a23 . 3 pl. -thíastaís, LU 8813 and passim. ? -teostaiss, ACL iii 326.9 . -tiestais, Hugh Roe 296.11 .

The following may be exx. of a pret. formed from tiag-, téit: ra theigsetar na sluaig imme da dib lethib, co torchair accu, TBC-LL¹ 4456 (tangatar, v.l.). Cf. CRR 36.13 . dobert ... beim ... do Ch. gur teig lāmh na lainne dā lethtaoibh, ZCP xiv 233.1 . Cf. taod .i. dul, do thaod uainn .i. do chuaidh uainn, O'Cl.

Fut. 1 s. ragasa, Fél.² lxxxiv.y . ragsa, TBC-I¹ 463 . TBC-LL¹ 993 . rach, LL 148a18 . regad, TBC-I¹ 509 . reghat, ACL iii 309.9 . regut, Lat. Lives 89.8 . ragatsa, LU 1493 . ragut, PH 1814 . ragaid, RC iii 346.31 . regaid-se ... regait, ZCP xiii 176.17 . -reg, ACL iii 309.18 . -rag, TBC-I¹ 1244 . BColm. 80.3 . Anecd. iii 59.4 . -rach, ZCP viii 552.11 . TTebe 3982 . 2 s. ragai, BDD² 284 . rogai, Mon. Tall. 154.2 . rage, Lat. Lives 60.9 . raga, BDD² 1428 . racha, ACL iii 222.8 . ZCP vii 306.12 . -raga, Mon. Tall. 153.z . PH 1821 . RC iii 185.7 . -rada, ZCP xiii 256.7 . -rado, 11 . 3 s. ragaid, BDD² 1248 . IT i 132.10 . PH 4673 . rachaidh, Laws i 138.10 Comm. -raga, SR 6427 . BDD² 413 . PH 6906 . Ériu ii 202 § 20 . -racha, TTebe 1143 . -rachaidh, H 3.18, 224a ( O'Curry 403 ). -rachuidh, Laws ii 76.18 Comm. rel. ragas, LU 3925 . TBC-LL¹ 792 . ragus, PH 3813 . rachas, Laws iii 228.x Comm. 1 pl. regma, ZCP iv 46.16 . Anecd. i 2.9 . ragma, BDD² 256 . ragmaine, LU 5396 . raigma, LL 122b39 . régmait, IT i 73.10 (ragmaini, v.l.). ragmait, TBC-I¹ 919 . PH 2037 . CRR 28.21 . -ragam, LU 4768. 8079 . -ragum, PH 1838 . 2 pl. ragthai, TTr. 1632 . PH 1839 . ? ragaid, RC iii 346.31 . -racthai, TTr. 1773 . 3 pl. ragait, PH 3591 . rechaid, ZCP xii 393.13 . regat, Lib. Hymn. 102.52 . regut, PH 991 . rechtait, 6401 . raghdait, TTr.² 1753 . rágdait, PH 5014 . ragdáit, FDG 383 . ragtháit, RC xxii 304 n. 13 . rachdaeid, ACL iii 237 § 31 . pass. rechtair, RC xxvi 374.1 . ragthair, BB 439a34 . rachthair, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . ragthar, LU 5711 . RC viii 154 § 5 . ragar, Todd Nenn. 88.5 . rachar, Ériu iv 17 § 3 . -raghthar, Sc.M² 19.35 . -raigther, Ériu v 240.121 .

Condit. 2 s. -raghtha-sa, BColm. 46.24 . 3 s. no reched , BB 497a21 . notragad, LU 5209 . no ragad , 8833 . ACL iii 5.29 . -ragad, SR 3132 . LU 8259 . -rachad, IT i 271.27 . doragad, CRR 24.17 . TTebe 1072 . 3 pl. noregadáis, TTr.² 1097 . noragdais, SR 4724 . -ragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7 . -rachdais, IT i 118.13 . pass. -ragtha, BDD² 426 . TTr. 1904 . cor-rachtae, RC xxi 156 § 15 . ? -rachtea, ZCP x 44.4 .

Pret. 3 s. luid, PH 6286 . RC xxiv 184.12 . MacCarthy 422.y , etc. luith, Lat. Lives 23.3 . lauid, BColm. 18.25 . lud, PH 1048 . With redundant suff. pron. luide, BDD² 1447 . luidi, ACL iii 3.15 . ludi, LU 6150 . rel. luide, SG 396.21 . luidi, SR 3143 . ludi, ZCP iii 206.3 . ludai, Arch. Hib. iv 205 § 10 . laide, IT i 139.13 = luidi, 30 . luid, TBC-LL¹ 3605 . Laws iii 532.11 . With do- (in contexts where the meaning is evidently ` went '): do luid , RC xxiv 196.13 . BCC 424.21 . ZCP x 289.11 . ? dolai, Lec. 221b4 . ? dluídh, BB 234a19 . With ro-: ra-luid, CRR 36.4 . TBC-LL¹ 3251 . 4735 . -rulaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.19 . 306.26 . -luid, RC ix 452.8 . LL 210a40 , etc. 1 pl. lodmar, RC vii 290.6 . lodomar, LU 3056 . lodamur, Lism. L. 3817 . 3 pl. lotar, PH 2162 . TBC-LL¹ 1227 , etc. lautar, ZCP viii 105.8 . lodur, x 289.11 . lodatar, TBC-LL¹ 645 . lodadar, RC xxvi 164.21 . luiditar, ZCP iii 19 § 19 . lotarset, 248.29 (lotursat, v.l.). lotsat, BDC 118.215 . With do-: dollotar, TTr.² 1679 . dolotar, Ériu iii 142.243 . tollotar, 136.32 . tulatar, 142.238 . With ro-: ra-lotar, CRR 12.12 . ? With no-: no lodadar , Ériu ii 20 § 3.

The stem luid- is also used in Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. to form a regular verb with f-fut., s-pret. etc. pres. 1 pl. lodma, TBC-LL¹ 1801 (teigim, v.ll.). impf. 1 s. ra luidinn-se , Ériu i 72 § 3 . imper. 2 s. luid, MacCongl. 53.13 . fut. 1 pl. ludfamar, RC xiv 412.19 . pret. 1 s. do luidhes , ZCP viii 219 § 13. 3 s. luidis, SR 2929 . Rawl. 82b27 . Metr. Dinds. iii 156.15 . luidhius, MR 320.6 . 1 pl. lodsam, RC vii 302 § 201 . lodsamar, 304 § 213 . 2 pl. -lodsaid, LU 5300 = -ladsaid, TBC-I¹ 823 . -lodsaid, LU 5347 = TBC-I¹ 870 . 3 pl. luidset, IT i 41.8 . Leb. Gab.(i) 50.11 . luidsed, ZCP viii 274.11 . luighsit, BNnÉ 183.3 . luidhsiot, 292 § 8 . AFM i 94.9 . luidsiut, Leb. Gab.(i) 12.2 . lutsat, 96.12 . luidhsidar, Fianaig. 54.17 .

Perf. 1 s. docuad, BNnÉ 300.z . dochúadusa, LU 3726 . do-cūadas, Sc.M² 10.6 . rochuadhus, TTebe 1050 . -deachad, ZCP xiii 176.21 . 2 s. dochodaisiu (sic leg.), TBC-LL¹ p. 587 n. l. 6 . do-cūadais, Sc.M² 9.10 . dochuadais, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 7 . -dechais, Sc.M² 12.x (Eg.). -dechadais, PH 1547 . 3 s. dochóid, PH 2431 and passim. dochaidh, BB 56b36 . dochuaid, Ériu iii 196 § 13 and passim. rochōid, 196 § 18 . rochúaid, LU 829 . ro chuaid , LL 160a32 . -dechaid, ACL iii 304 II § 3 . -dechuidh, Laws ii 142.13 and passim. -deochaid, LU 9044 . Laws iv 300.6 . Cf. dodechaid, TTr.² 445 . dodeachaid, TTebe 348 . do deochaid , Laws iv 98.16 Comm. In these exx. the context indicates the meaning `has gone' rather than that of `has come.' 1 pl. docuamair-ni, ZCP vii 308.6 . rochuammar, RC vii 296.1 . 2 pl. -deochabair, ZCP xiii 176.10 . 3 pl. dochótár, LU 8265 . dochotar, PH 3717 . dochuatar, TBC-LL¹ 4337 . rochuadar, Laws iv 192.4 Comm. rocuadur, CCath. 1995 . Cf. ro-digset, PH 928 . -dechatar, 3944 . -deachatar, CCath. 5501 . -deachadair, AU ii 182.6 . -dechsat, PH 7224 . Lat. Lives 76.8 -dechsatar, PH 2476 . pass. docoas, Ériu ii 140 § 146 . docos, Aen. 406 . Todd Nenn. 88.7 . do cós , AFM ii 672.11 . docuass, Anecd. iii 40.24 . dochuas, 66.24 . docuas, Ériu iv 104 § 51 v.l. rocúadhus, CCath. 2397 . -dechus, Ériu iv 118 § 37. -dechas, Irish Texts i 3 § 7.

Subj. corresponding to the perf. Pres. 1 s. cia ... dechar , Anecd. i 77.10 . -digusa, RC viii 150.z . -dechus, TBC-I¹ 1304 . -deochus, LU 5774 . -decharsa, TBC-I¹ 3576 . -dechor, RC xxvii 280.16 . -dechur, ZCP i 105.3 . -dech, PH 7007 . -digser, Lism. L. 3738 = -diccsiur, BNnÉ 53 § 47 . 2 s. -digis, RC viii 154.20 . -digis-[s]iu (sic leg.), PH 2327 . -digese, TTr.² 1455 . -digsiu, Three Hom. 74.y . -díchiseo, TTr.² 99 . -dechais, LL 286b19 . -dechis, Ériu iii 108 § 52 . -deachadais, Ériu xii 148.12 . -dechasu, Lat. Lives 60.8 . -deochais, Anecd. iii 29.21 . -dechair, TTebe 3985 . Aen. 796 . 3 s. -dig, YBL 318ay . TBC-LL¹ 986 . ? nosdig, Lec. 27d43 = rosdigh, 11c17 . -dech, Fen. 356.19 . Marco P. 110 . -deoch, TBC-LL¹ 879 . 1 pl. -dechsum, CRR 22.8 . 2 pl. -dechaisti, TTr. 1774 . 3 pl. -dighset, ZCP ix 139.7 . -diccsed, Laws iv 118.z Comm. -dechsat, i 106.32 Comm.

Impf. 1 s. -dechaind, TBC-LL¹ 2209 (see note). 2 s. -digthea, PH 2419 . -dechta, Lat. Lives 96.8 . 3 s. nodhighsedh, Marco P. 51 . no dhigsid , TFrag. 136.20 . no dic[h]sead , Laws iv 110.y Comm. nódechsad, TTr.² 443 . nó dheachsad , RC xxv 398 § 17 . -digsed, ii 396 § 30 . conigsed, xvi 151.11 . -digsith, Lat. Lives 47.10 . -dechsad, PH 2937 , etc. -dechad, RC xxiv 44 § 2 . -deachaid (? with ending of indic.), ZCP viii 109.1 . pass. -dechasta, Ériu iv 126.14 . 3 pl. -digsitís, PH 5408 . -dechsaitís, TTr.² 687 . -dhechdais, ZCP v 501.z . TBC-LL¹ 259 n. 2 .

C Early Modern forms.

Indic. pres. 1 s. téighim, IGT Decl. ex. 702 . Content. xxi 7 . teim, ZCP vi 48.z . -tēigim, 263 § 10 . -teim, Luc. Fid. 324.10 . The old form tiag (in fut. sense) is common in FDG, e.g. 268 , 388 , 747 . 2 s. téighi, IGT Decl. ex. 653 . ML² 471 . -téighe, IGT Decl. ex. 1155 . BNnÉ 32 § 45 . -teir, Luc. Fid. 291.22 . 3 s. teit, FDG 68 . Ir. Astr. Tr. 158.7 . téid, Content. xiv 12 . Keat. i 72.87 , and passim. téd, Hy Fiach. 332.8 . -teit, Ir. Astr. Tr. 122.28 . -téid, Dán Dé xvi 11 . TSh. 3042 , and passim. 1 pl. tiamaid, TSh. 5286 . -téimíd, 2397 . 3 pl. tiagait, Marco P. 148 . tiaghaid, Keat. i 200.50 . téighit, Fl. Earls 180.30 . 190.19 . téidhid, Keat. i 202.20 ( téid siad, tiaghuid, MSS.). nostiad, Leb. Gab.(i) 108.13 . tiad, TD 16.36 . DDána 45.10 . This is the usual form in syll. verse, but note tiaghaid, DDána 75.23 . -thiaghaid, TSh. 4783 . -tiaid, Ó Bruad. ii 4.20 . -téid siad, TSh. 944 . pass. tiagar, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 . tiachair, TD 10.19 . IGT Decl. ex. 407 . teigther, Maund. 46 . tegther, 91 . -tiagar, MR 120.17 . -tiachar, DDána 27a.2 . -tiaghair, TD 29.5 . Studies 1924, 86 § 6 . -tiachair, 1928, 268 § 18 .

In syll. verse téi-, tia- may become do-éi-, do-ia- (except tiad), and may take conjunct endings, IGT cited Aithd. D. Gloss. Cf. 3 s. da ēid , ACL iii 237 § 22 . do-éid, DDána 98.31 .

Impf. 1 s. chum a déinsi, TD 22.8 . 3 s. -teighedh, Marco P. 89 . -theidheadh, Keat. i 208.23 . 3 pl. théighdís, Aithd. D. 98.14 . do teighdis , Maund. 16 . ? -tecdis (perh. to do-icc), Ann. Conn. 1252.9 . pass. -teghth, AFM iii 346.4 . -teighthi, Stair Erc. 1749.

Imper. 2 s. eirg, DDána 68.28 . Dán Dé i 5 . éirigh, TSh. 5048 . téigh, Gen. xvi 2 . 3 s. téidheadh, Keat. i 48.65 . 2 pl. éirghidh, ii 5642 . téighidh, DDána 29.28 . pass. tiagar, ITS v 66.19 .

IGT (cited Ériu xii 228 n. 3 and Aithd. D. Gloss. ) give the following: 1 s. eirgear eargar. 2 s. eirg. 3 s. eirgeadh eargadh. 1 pl. eirgeam eargam. pass. eirgthear eargthar. But exx. are given only for 2 s. and 2 pl. (eirg, eargaidh).

Subj. pres. and impf. The s-subj. is superseded by forms of the subj. corresponding to the perf., see infra. Cf. 1 s. co dtéighedsa , SG 290.19 , 3 s. —téidhe, Dán Dé ix 15 , ní théighe , Aithd. D. 20.30 , which are formed on the indic. pres. as in spoken Ir.

Fut. 1 s. ragat, Fl. Earls 206.24 . rachad, TSh. 8836 . reachat, Laud 610, 24a10 . —rach, Dán Dé ix 3 . Caithr. CC 43.34 . 2 s. racha, DDána 74.41 . racair, Laud 610, 24ay . raghair, Fl. Earls 206.24 . rachaidh (sic leg.) tú, BNnÉ 275 § 254 . 3 s. raghaidh, BS 150.15 . DDána 15.13 . rachaidh, Keat. ii 5587 . DDána 7.4 . —ragha, TSh. 4456 . Content. ix 6 . —racha, TSh. 2826 . PBocht 24.20 . —rachaidh, TSh. 2363 . Donlevy ix 30 . rel. raghas, BS 6.z . rachas, Oss. iv 8.z . Dán Dé x 31 . reachbhas, Luc. Fid. 364.11 . 1 pl. radhmait, Cog. 130.z . rachmait, Marco P. 175 . rachmaid, RC xxvi 164.4 . —ragham, Dán Dé viii 7 . —racham, Content. vi 241 . 3 pl. rachaid, TSh. 4311 . pass. rachthair, DDána 43.3 . rachtar, TSh. 4464 . raghar, Dán Dé xxv 46 . Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 .

Condit. 1 s. —rachaind, ZCP vi 48.15 . 2 s. —rachthá, Desid. 4449 . do rachtha , Mac Aingil 36.13 . 3 s. no ragad , Cog. 50.9 . do rachadh , TSh. 5545 . DDána 6.15 . rachadh (rel.), Donlevy 358.23 . —raghadh, PBocht 23.37 . Desid. 3515 . —rachadh, BNnÉ 322 § 28 . TD 27.32 . —rachfadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 605 . —reachadh, Luc. Fid. 367.1 . 3 pl. do ragtais , Ann. Conn. 1235.14 = ALC i 326.21 . do rachdaois , Luc. Fid. 36.10 . TD 7 26 . —raghduis, ZCP xiii 180.9 . —rachdais, BCC 122.36 . —rachdaois, TSh. 5309 . pass. ro ragthai , Cog. 208.2 .

Pret. and perf. The past tense in Early Mod. Ir. is supplied by the perf. of O. and Mid. Ir., forms of luid— occurring only sporadically as archaisms in a few Early Mod. texts. 3 s. du luid , Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . roloduir, Stair Erc. 1223 . do lodamar , ITS iii 22.2 . 3 pl. lottar, Cog. 28.y . lodor, Keat. i 182.39 (in verse). dolotar, BCC 338.30 (in verse).

1 s. —deachodhus, Aithd. D. 10.10 . 2 s. do chuadhais , Dán Dé ix 18 . do dechadais , ZCP iv 390.9 . MR 34.4 . —deachais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1597 . 3 s. dochuaidh, Keat. ii 1587 . Aithd. D. 1.3 , and passim. dochóidh, Maund. 31 . AFM vi 2162.z . Aithd. D. 10.40 . PBocht 5.39 . docháidh, Keat. ii 1389 (in verse). Ó Bruad. i 32 . Dán Dé ix 2 . Aithd. D. 67.7 . ó chuaidh , Celt. Rev. x 142.29 . Ó Bruad. iii 134.23 . chuaidh (rel.), ITS xvii 130.416 . Donlevy 304.23 . do dechaidh , D IV 2, 40c34 . do dheachaidh , AFM iv 892.21 . Fl. Earls 144.16 . 152.3 . —dechaid, ML² 1883 . —deachaidh, DDána 32.2 , and passim. —deochaid, Ann. Conn. 1398.6 . 1 pl. do cuamar, Cog. 76.21 . 100.6 . do-chuamair, TD 8.1 . do-chámar, DDána 3.17 . do chuadhmuir-ne, ML 18.4 . —deachamair, TD 14.8 . 2 pl. do-chuabhair, TD 22a.3 . DDána 26.3 . 3 pl. do chuadar, TSh. 2447 . Stair Erc. 2326 . do-chódar, TD 26.16 . DDána 105.27 . do-chádair, 93.13 . ra chuatar, Cog. 226.27 . chuadar, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.8 . do choidset, Leb. Gab.(i) 144.20 . dodeachatar, AFM iv 838.6 . Fl. Earls 194.15 . dechadar, O'Gr. Cat. 98.5. —deachatar, Fl. Earls 24.6 . —deachadar, Keat. ii 384 . —deochatar, Ann. Conn. 1256.8 . —dechsat, BNnÉ 329 § 65 . —deachsad, TD 16.5 . Keat. i 182.26 . pass. do-chuas, DDána 52.15 . do-cuas, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 2 . AFM v 1580.z . ro cuas , 1904.2 . ra chuas , TFrag. 14.1 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. —deachar, FDG 391. Dán Dé vi 10 . DDána 58.19 . —dighear, 38.29 . —deach mé, 26.27 . Dán Dé xxv 66 . 2 s. —dechuir, Maund. 36 . —dechair, Stair Erc. 2316 . —deachair, TSh. 10768 . 3 s. —dhech (rel.), Lism. L. 2711 . BNnÉ 18.9 . gé dheach , IGT Decl. exx. 1097 , 1235 , 1241 . Cf. madh mh'anam dheachus dochum nimhe (rechus, v.l.), BNnÉ 18.9 . —dech, IGT Decl. ex. 1014 . —deach, DDána 93.29 . Dán Dé xv 8 , and passim. —digh, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . 3 C 12, 5.13 . 1 pl. —deacham, DDána 27a.3 . 3 pl. dechuid, Stair Erc. 1951 . dá ndeachud , Desid. 43 . pass. —dighthir, Studies 1921, 419 § 14 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. —deachainn, Content. xviii 92 . PBocht 1.30 . 2 s. —dechtha, ZCP vi 46.17 . Duan. F. i 64 § 46 . —deachtha, DDána 86.34 . 3 s. —digsed, D IV 2, 40c17 . 75b34 . —diccseadh, AFM vi 1896.y . —deachadh, Aithd. D. 77.29 . Content. v 41 . TSh. 3385 . O'Gr. Cat. 197.17 , and passim. —deachaidh, DDána 95.7 v.l. A. Ó Dálaigh viii 11. 1 pl. —deachmaois, TD 16.40 . 3 pl. —dechtais, Ann. Conn. 1406.4 . —deachdís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1163 . —deachadaois (sic leg.), Content. xxiv 22.

Vnn. techt, dul.

MEANINGS.

Goes, proceeds . Used absolutely, with accus., and with adverbs and prepositions particularising the meaning.

I Absolute uses.

(a) proceeds, goes forward, turns out : nā rega in dál sin `that respite shall not be given,' MacCongl. 29.5 . coná d'athchlaind mar dochúaid `as it was no case of an inferior line,' Metr. Dinds. iv 260.31 . maith dochuaidh críoch a bhagair `well did his bluster succeed,' TD 3.37 .

(b) goes away, departs: o dochóid in t-aingel when the angel departed, PH 3470 . téid iar sin `thereupon he departs,' Ériu xii 188.5 . airc-seo a Eochaid lat ainfiuss `be off with thy ignorance,' Ériu viii 157.1 .

(c) passes away, vanishes: madh ro bhui aige in tan do rinne in cunnradh, ocus do chuaidh fri dethbirius `if he had it (the property) when he made the contract and it passed away from him by necessity,' Laws iv 38.3 Comm. tiad na toirthe mar théid clú, DDána 45.10 . bean i ndeachaidh cuimhne a cuirp who has abandoned fleshly desires, 32.2 . do-chuaidh fá chíogh dtighearna `it was brought to an end by the Lord's breast (?),' Aithd. D. 60.1 . Hence: isind lathi luid yesterday , TBC-LL¹ 3605 (ané, v.l.). adaig cétaine dochuaid, SG 57.3 .

(d) dies (also with accus. bás, éc, see II). nach missi téite ar thuus, SR 2036 . ni theit oac and re siun a young man does not die there before an old, IT i 133.2 . do cháidh tar ceann a charad `He died for His friends,' Dán Dé xx 4 . ? Here also: gé atú ar ndol do ghorta, Duan. F. i 86.1 .

(e) Miscellaneous absolute uses. is follus issin magin sin téte aitherrechtaigthe ní ashire oldáta maicc ┐ aui `that a patronymic goes further than sons and grandsons,' Sg. 30b12 . ua dluith deinmech am docuas andsin (of a horserace), TTebe 2334 . ma direach an indus tiasda `if they run in a straight direction' (of waters), Laws iv 144.2 Comm. cēini (? sic leg.) tias fo nim as long as I walk on earth, ZCP vi 257 § 3 . dochuadar iar sin ┐ nír ansat gur ghabhsat cuan, Stair Erc. 2326 . do-chuaidh ar sealg ag síneadh continued , Aithd. D. 67.8 . cred teigi `wherefore comest thou ?,' TTebe 4332 . can lod `whence hast thou come ?,' RC xiv 406.2 . ragat-sa ... dar a cheann I will go security on his behalf, Laws v 226.14 Comm. (see under IV 9 (c) and Bürgschaft 35 ). conach cert-tiaghait lucht ind Auraiccepta `do not reach a correct conclusion,' ITS xxxiv 38.3 , `do not rightly say,' Ir. Hist. Stud. ii 331 . ? Gramm. In list of words decl. as masc. o—stems and used only in sg.: Breatnach. Boirneach ... Imleach (an feadh téid) as far as it goes, IGT Decl. 55.10 . coimdhe (decl. like fili) acht gan illrad aigi (an feadh téid, v.l.), 74 § 21.

II With accus.

(a) Of the route, etc. followed: connach rabi dóib conar dochoistís acht for Sligi M., LU 6752 . Cf. uair nachar conair fuigill don tiaghtur do gabhail na athgabala, Laws i 272.16 Comm. crich do teid uisce glaise `a district (boundary ?) through which the water of a streamlet flows,' iv 144.10 Comm. cia heret teit Adam uait, SR 1197 . ind fithis tete in peccad issí téte in pian inna diglae, Ml. 28c19 . co na bud inann sét tiastais, PH 7045 . So also of crossing seas, lakes, etc.: co luid Moisi Muir Romuir, SR 2310 . sic mór co ndechus do cois. locha Erenn, RC xviii 301.38 . mad nochtaile ... ni dicead scuithe ar a dluithe ocus ni dichet dam ar a hairde `if it be a naked fence ... the small cattle could not pass through it from its closeness ..., Laws iv 112.7 .

(b) Of the expedition, journey, etc.: ? rechmi cath n-imrind, LU 3423 . do chuadhmuir-ne cuairt chosguir, ML 18.4 . oenach indiu luid in rí, RC vii 290.1 . mairg ragas in sluagad, TBC-LL¹ 792 . ar nā tesed in targraidh, RC xvi 81.29 .

(c) With bás, éc, etc. dies, perishes: na tiastais aidid ngorta, SR 3407 . tiagait báas, Wb. 11d12 . mairc dochuaid bās ar Dia, Ériu iii 196 § 13 . is cumma dam ce bát é éc tíasur, LU 7882 . co ndechais gortai, LL 286b19 . cia thiasusa martri, Wb. 23c31 . cid dia tánac isin n-ármag ... co ndeochais uathbás and that you may swoon there (?) LU 4943 . See also under IV 6 (d).

(d) Various objects: luid in mug cétna chét-chol `came the slave to the first original crime,' Metr. Dinds. iii 84.16 . nicon dichet mess moga la Feine gell oir `the estimation of a slave among the Feine does not extend to a pledge of gold,' Laws v 394.5 . da n-ech ... | Gainne ocus Rea regda guis `welche Stürmischkeit erlangen werden' (?), ZCP xii 245 § 9 . a lléim dochúatár ... tarsin cathraig, LU 9129 . a nimbed són ind sloig dolega na ní tete `which destroys whatever it comes to,' Ml. 62b20 . ní na téit do menma-su | teiti menma neich aile, IT i 97.19 . in mothar sciath sin ... nad raigther techt trit no thairis that dense mass of shields, it will not be possible to get through it or by it, Ériu v 240.121 . ? ni dichet tegde doichlech, Thes. ii 292.19 . Echaid | nach dechaid traighid madma, SG 104.13 . secht trath namma teigthi tall in olden times they observed only seven canonical hours, KMMisc. 158.163 .

(e) With (neuter) infixed or suffixed pronoun (with adverbial force): connach digtith `so that ye have not so gone,' Wb. 9b19 . dachotar coirp `bodies went thus,' Ml. 38b2 . nandrigad `that he would not so go,' Thes. ii 242.6 . cate lib i mbárach fer i n-ath? téite Lárine or A., LU 6063 . The suff. pron. is frequently redundant: téiti úad, TBFr. 366 . teite Cuchulainn a dochum, RC iii 175.17 . fecht ann luidi a muime do blegon na (m)bó, Lat. Lives 47.12 . With ed, referring to a prec. or follg. clause: in leth togairmfe in coimdiu ... is ed ragum, PH 1838 . issed tete a ndíruidigthe ut bene dochum indí as fere `'tis to this that the derivative goes, as bene to fere ,' Sg. 188a13 . iss ed luide intí A. ar tús, in Moesiam, TTr.² 233 . With ón: docoid-som ón `he went that going' (notes), Ériu ii 222.4 . Cf. ráid-siu friss ar com-thé co moch imbárach sund tell him to come to me, TBC-LL¹ 1978 (techt, v.l.).

III With adverbs and adverbial phrases: connach fess ... | cid teite, SR 8116 . cia thé wherever he goes, Ériu iv 100.2 . fēch ca tēighe, ZCP xii 381.23 . é leth luidi for tochmarc thither she has gone a-wooing, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . cid dían ┐ cían nothéisinn, Ml. 41d9 . nī malodsaid you did not well to go, TBC-I¹ 870 . olc húar lodsai (sic leg.), IT iii 244.24 . cia lín ludfamar, RC xiv 412.19 . m'anim nī dig immada may my soul not go astray, Thes. ii 349.2 . lom luidh lom tuilith, O'Gr. Cat. 91.2. ó do-coíset rindi im-masech `nachdem die [Speer-]spitzen aneinander vorbeigeflogen sind,' ZCP xi 84 § 32 . ni téit an faosam amach 'na deaghaidh `the exemption (afforded by a living person) does not follow (the distress) out,' Laws i 102.4 . cosmhuil go ragha sé saor it is likely that it will go unpunished, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 13 . ó nach rach i bhfad to make a long story short (?), DDána 91.10 . gealladh dol síos ar ar son may she promise to plead for us (?), 21.20 . mairg ag a ndeachaidh sé síos | cíos Dé `is in arrear,' Dán Dé xxvii 21 . do-chuaidh síos ... | an uaill has abated, Aithd. D. 7.18 .

Frequ. with foll. clause introduced by co n- and expressing purpose: tiagsa con tall a chenn dind aithiuch `I will go to take his head off,' Ml. 58c6 . tiagsa conda tucsa, TBFr. 309 . ragaid dia nom-fóemuid ar th'eniuch `come and yield to me,' RC iii 346.31 . Also with consec. clause: lotar co rancatar co airm i mboí F., LU 3350.

IV With prepositions and prepositional phrases (see also under the various prepp.).

1 With ar and for.

(a) goes upon, sets out on, etc.: ni far cuairt parche docoid, Wb. 21a12 . in slánicid ... corop slán ani forsa te `the salve ... that whole may be that whereon it goes,' Thes. ii 249.9 . do teighdis fein ara ngluinib 'na ḟiadnaisi `fell on their knees,' Maund. 16.

(b) Of sexual union: ech uisci ... do chuaidh ar inghin in t-sacairt `copulavit cum,' O'Don. Suppl. s.v. míol. ní dechaidh Bran ar choin riemh `B. never mated with a hound,' Duan. F. i 40.5 .

(c) resorts to, indulges in, becomes subject to: lautar forsna harmu, ZCP viii 105.8 . ? slógh Liag ina laeidhengaib | do lón tiad ar tháballaib, IGT Decl. ex. 374 . ní théighim air rún I keep it not secret, ITS iii 276.1 (1st. ed.). amuil do coisead for nadm ann ┐ ratha `as if upon securities and guarantees,' Laws iv 100.9 Comm. focul for braich lis riasiu do cae for descthu `before it is put to ferment,' ii 242.13 . cia deach in flaith for doma de `becomes indigent,' v 266.14 Comm. na digsitís ar dermat ... úad (of Cú Chulainn's clesa), TBC-LL¹ 2123 . si-se ag dul ar doimheanmain becoming dejected, DDána 37.12 .

(d) is inflicted upon, comes upon (of misfortunes, etc.); is given to: in dígal dochoid for diabul, Wb. 28b30 . in mess ... is hé rigas forru, Thes. ii 1.14 . anfīr docōid form, ZCP vii 307.4 . ni raga urcra forro `no decay comes upon them,' RC vi 183.8 . re a ndeachaidh oruinn d'iomráth `because of all the gossip that has been made about me,' TD 30.6 . na naoi cconnsuine ar a ttéid séimhiughadh the nine consonants subject to lenition, IGT Introd. 1.y . rofinnatar a pecthe rosíu docói grád forru before they enter holy orders, Wb. 29a28 . ni techta nach foessam ar na tegat ratha fine `for no `foessam' is lawful which is not supported by sureties of the tribe,' Laws iv 206.17 . lóg a enech ... t.¤ fora naidm he may go surety to the amount of his honour-price, Críth G. 128 . See Bürgschaft §§ 75 - 6 , 72 . céad urdail ... | rachaidh orthoibh `a hundred times as much ... will be given for them,' TD 31.15 . ní ragha m'umhla ar th-aiceacht `my deference shall not be given to your teaching,' Content. ix 6 . dochōid for m'einech ┐ for m'anmain airec co Ailill `it lies upon my honour,' ZCP iv 44.29 . feib do chuaid fair `as he was requested' (?), ML 154.6 . dá ndeach tir ar fhuil na n-Iarladh is buried (?), Aithd. D. 38.13 . ? dá ndeach tir ar thruime ar gcean, Dán Dé xv 8 . Legal, t.¤ x for y y becomes liable for x: is tobach aile teit forra `there is a levying of two days upon them,' Laws i 146.18 Comm. cia forsa ragha in cinsa? who shall become liable for this offence? Nero A vii, 141a ( O'D. 2203 ). cest, cid tēite for fornaidm cāich? ... miach for breithemain what is due? ZCP xiii 24.4 .

(e) attacks, overcomes: ni tiaguit flaithe for eagluis `come against,' Laws iii 70.1 . éirghidh ar Ulltaibh, óir atá fíor gcatha agaibh chuca, Keat. ii 5642 . docúas iarsin ar in side, IT i 130.8 . ni dechaid coll cána ar goil the breaking of the law did not get the better of valour (?), ACL iii 304 II § 3 . Similarly: ni fetatar cindas noregadáis ara marbad `how they should go in order to slay him,' TTr.² 1097 . nech marbus duine hi cath ... bliadain col-leith ... acht ni te for ind guin ó rumaid riam `a year and a half (of penance), provided he does not pursue the slaughter after the fight is won,' Ériu vii 166.24 . ? dá ndeachud oraind seacha so if they attack me in spite of this (?), Desid. 43 . Impers.: cia beith a lin na n-oged ni dechas for losait doib however numerous the guests, the kneading losset never failed (to supply) them, Irish Texts i 3 § 7 . dochuaid ar mo luth my vigour is exhausted, Ériu viii 172.9 . oram rachaidh a rádha `will it be impossible for me to say,' PBocht 12.10 .

(f) Impers. t.¤ oc x for (ar) y x prevails over y: téid ag óigh ar a hoidhre `the Virgin prevails over her son,' Studies 1939, 99 § 11 . dochuaidh aca ar in mbaile, AFM vi 2174.19 . Also with la: fa chaislen Sligidh ┐ do cuas fair leis, AU ii 424.21 .

(g) changes into, is exchanged for, becomes: do chonách ... | téid ... ar dobrón, Aithd. D. 79.14 . do chuaidh a neimh ar neamhghrúig, PBocht 21.32 .

(h) t.¤ x do y ar z x inspires, causes, gives rise to z in y: crú an chígh fa lár do leigeadh | téid dó ar dhéanamh foighidean `calls forth His patience,' Aithd. D. 59.12 . ni ar thime ná ar tlás dochúaidh sin dó, AFM iii 518.8 . Cf. téid mar uaisle dḟine Chuinn it is a proof of nobility in the family of C., Content. ix 2.

(i) Various: ní bar torad precepte nach aili tíagussa `it is not the fruit of any other's teaching I appropriate (?),' Wb. 17b18 (see, however, Hermathena xxii (1932) 272 - 3 ). Cf. 17b20 . docoised ferchend fora beolu a man's head would have fitted between his lips, LU 5919 . do deochaidh tra iarum for aithgin neich bronnair ann `yet it afterwards was exchanged for restoration of the thing which was damaged,' Laws iv 98.16 Comm. raghaidh an taen for an aen `the one will go to the other' (of things which attract each other, e.g. woman and honey, child and milk, etc.), Leb. Gab.(i) 46.22 . ? gan dol as a dhíoghrais damh | le hArt Óg is é ar gconnradh | ... | 's ní rach choidhche ar mo chomaoin, L. Cl. A. B. 229.104 .

(j) With prepositional and adverbial phrases (see also under cel, cend, cúl, etc.). t.¤ ar (for) cend goes towards, for, etc. luid ... | Dáuid ar cinn ind fir sin, SR 5861 . conndecharsa for a chind, TBC-LL¹ p. 864 . luidh int escop ciuin ar ceal passed away, AU i 596.y . co ndechatar ... for comairce a crochi sought the protection of, PH 3944 . luid in grian fora culu went back, Ml. 16c10 . do luid for iarraid usce `went to look for water,' RC xxiv 198.9 . airg-siu for a imgabāil, KMMisc. 208.15 . dia luid D. for longais re saul went into exile from S., Ml. 55c1 . dochuatar for nefní came to nought, vanished, PH 4261 . go ndeachadh an eagluis ar seachran would go astray, Luc. Fid. 367.1 . tiagat for teiched, Ml. 54b12 .

2 With ass.

(a) goes out of, leaves: lotar asin chathraig, TTr.² 18 . ragáet in mac. raluid a h-altaib `er ist aus den Fugen gegangen,' TBC-LL¹ 4735 = coṅdechaid a altaib dó, TBC-I¹ 2995 . docoid som a foraithmiut dae `he passed out of God's remembrance,' Ml. 32d10 . ri dochoid ... | asa doenacht 'na déacht, SR 7757 . as an ré dochuaidh caitheamh (sic leg.) time has dwindled, Dán Dé xxv 5 . gan dol as a dhíoghrais damh | le hArt Óg is é ar gconnradh that he shall not relinquish his love for me, L. Cl. A. B. 229.101 . ó chuaidh a lúith ┐ a lámhach ... as, Celt. Rev. x 142.29 .

(b) With 3 s. neut. t.¤ ass.

(i) departs: luid as for leith, SR 3023 . tíagam ass, TBFr. 194.

(ii) escapes: co ndeachaidh ass a cóir n-éludha, RC xvii 347.24 . nach téid aonduine as ó bhuille an chloidhimh, TSh. 7818.

(iii) elapses (of time), passes away, vanishes: co ṅdechsad as in sapoit, PH 3692 . ni dechaid an snechta-sin as co tanic Notlaic mor, Ann. Conn. 1245.10 . nā dech as da chlú doráith, ZCP vii 298.13 .

(iv) dies: dín ló dochúaid C. ass, RC xx 12 § 20. an fear red thaobh mar théid as, Dán Dé xxv 11 . a ndeachaidh as 's a bhfuilimíd beo, Hackett xxiv 3.

(c) Gramm. `cia ra sir' is cóir ... óir ní théid `s' eiste féin for `s' is not mutated (i.e. eclipsed after m.sg. infix.), Éigse ii 118.68 . ní théid Sealbhadh `r' eiste féin, 80 . Cf. ní théid Sealbhadh oibrighthe uathaidh faisnéise i `m' amach does not mutate `m' (?), 117.14 . Cf. IGT Introd. 12.25 - 6 .

3 With cen (gan).

téid gan déanamh is left undone, Content. xiv 12 . má théid énrand gan tuigse | dom dhánsa ó dhuine ar domhan `if one stanza ... passes the understanding of anyone,' Studies 1918, 617 § 4 . nī dechaid duine ... gan guin ... ō Eōgan, ML² 1883.

4 With co, dochum.

(a) goes to, towards: isin deseircc et spirut rigthir cuccuib, Wb. 9a23 . on techtairiu dochoid cuccusom, 14d30 . tíagair chuccu do fhis scél dús cid ro chaínset, TBFr. 260 . faillsigter sin do F. ... ┐ luidh gusan aes dana na tistais cuigi `sent a message,' Lism. L. 3024 . gach aon dīp gabhuss spirut genmnaighechta do láimh is chuca téighit `she joins these' (a religious community), Fl. Earls 180.30 . tiagait ho firinni inna stoir dochom inna toimten togaitach, Ml. 14a5 . lotar ... co rrici in topor, LU 5369.

(b) Of marriage, sexual union: intí immurgu téte a dochumsi `those who visit her' (a harlot), Wb. 9d5 . amal tiagtae mná hua célib co firu aili, Ml. 125a2 . ni pa ferr in rí cosa ragthar one could be married to no better king, RC viii 154 § 5 . cid cossin n-echaire théisi, ZCP iv 43.23 . téigh a steach chum minnilte, Gen. xvi 2.

(c) Various: racha dochum n-ēcca ind thou wilt die therein, ZCP vii 306.12 . dá ndeach do chóir go lá an luain `if thy justice be put off till Monday,' Aithd. D. 84.26 . do chóidh a cuibhdheas chugoinn its equivalent has gone to us, Dán Dé xviii 22 . gur ob é an Philpin téd go Burcacuib that he is the P. who is traced back to the Burkes, Hy Fiach. 332.8 . ga tteim do chum leanamhnuibh that I am resorting to syllogisms, Luc. Fid. 324.10 . ? ní théit beo don tsluagh ... | acht aen laech luidhius go h-ois `who went frantic,' MR 320.6 .

5 With de.

(a) departs from, leaves, abandons: notheged dia chonair cid míli cheimmend nobeth in chross would go aside from his road, Lat. Lives 16.11 . muna deachar dhí | ... | ród na déirce if I do not stray from it, Dán Dé vi 10 . ciamad isin dara cét lá ... do deachasum ... de `that he was warned off (the land),' Laws iv 136.4 Comm. ? nocha rachaidh ferann dib a rudhradh da cheile, H 3.18, 224a ( O'Curry 403 ). oc fir dia ndich dag-airliud .i. oca mbí degbriathar, TBC-I¹ 1696 . ragaid ... do nirt for nert will go from strength to strength, PH 4673 . an lucht théid don chreideamh cháir who abandon the true faith, Content. xvi 17 . o rachas di `when it goes off her' (of a fit), Laws iii 228.x Comm. dá ndeachadh mh'aire dh'Eoghan should I become forgetful of E., DDána 65.3 . do chuaidh a ciall do'n cathírghail they lost hope of having an engagement, Caithr. Thoirdh. 99.15 . téid a bhláth dhe efflorebit, TSh. 3799.

(b) outstrips: luid díb, feib digsed in gaeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 250.115 . Cf. dá gach mnaoi ... do-chuaidh surpassed , Aithd. D. 1.3 . ar chlú dhíot ní dheachaidh sluagh, ib. note (Magauran MS).

(c) escapes from: indar lem nocha raghthar de you will not escape, Sc.M² 19.35 . ? conná térna ass acht a n-dechuid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib, IT i 76.9 . fear fiadhaigh dar dhocra dul, DDána 59.6 .

(d) t.¤ x de y x fails y, y fails to accomplish x: do leith féin dá ndeachadh dhíom `didst thou fail me of thine own part,' TD 22a.14 . gach raon eile da ndeach díom `if every other road were impossible,' Aithd. D. 84.30 . go ndeachaidh de féin a fhios do bheith aige ..., Eochairsg. 65.15 . With gan: do chuaidh díomsa gan bheith bocht, Dánta Gr. 88.17 . do chuaidh de Chailbhin gan a fhios do bheith aige cionnus ..., Eochairsg. 65.19 . Impers. t.¤ de x x fails: dá ndigh díbhsi, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . tēid do c[h]umhra f[h]rēime an rīogh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 11 . go racha do ghlóir Gaoidheal that the glory of the Gaedhil will diminish, DDána 85.23 .

(e) Various: cid docuaidh do[t] tairisi-siu re Tuirn o cein `what has become of?,' Aen. 1651 . ra luidin[n]—se de marcaib `I used to ride on steeds,' Ériu i 72 § 3 . téid do nimh t'othair ... | gur mhothaigh the result is, Aithd. D. 84.28 .

(f) With prepositional phrases: in tan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away,' Ml. 21c3 . dinnis do go rabhadar na guirt ag dul deasbuidh a mbuana that the fields were in need of cutting (were perishing for want of cutting?), ITS xvi 118.30 .

6 With do.

(a) goes to, towards: fo béesad fir téte do chath, Wb. 9a3 . cia loc sainriud dia regtais, Ml. 99b10 . lotar dó they went thither, Sc.M² 22.16 . luid dó, a Mic Conglinne `go to,' MacCongl. 53.13 . lotar ... na echlacha dó `gingen die läufer hin,' TBC-LL¹ 98 . do chuaidh ar bhfear dúasach dhó `is gone thither' =has died (?), Éigse iii 168 § 9 . dial-lathreib cona ragad so that he might not take their place (?) (i.e. Joseph), SR 3132 . raigma do lathiu lanbratha, LL 122b39 .

(b) With vn. constr. expressing purpose goes to, goes for the purpose of: ni do legund and docoadsa `it was not to study there that I had come,' Wb. 18d6 . mug luide hua abracham do thochmurc rebicae do ísác, Ml. 127d3 . tíagam día accallaim, LU 3380 . ní rach dá laoidheadh, PBocht 11a .8.

(c) Similarly with other nouns implying action: hóre déte do chorp crist indigne `when one goes to Christ's Body indigne ,' Wb. 11d7 . regait fir Hérenn do brāth, Thes. ii 319.2 . cethri tucaite ara tiaghar do chrois four reasons why men visit crosses, ZCP v 498.16 . rachtar dá bhfios visitabuntur, TSh. 4464.

(d) t.¤ d'éc dies: in dara fer tēite d'ēcc, ZCP vii 307.13 . nó go ndeachaidh d'éag, Ériu i 99.z .

(e) applies to: is do tiagait ind rétai sin huili dont lathur diaisndísiu `to this apply all those things,' Wb. 5c16 . is do gnimaib amal sodin téit a uideri , Ml. 3a4 . combad donaib huilib doinib notésed, 54a21 . is inunn dia teit lesom an ioseph ┐ an effraim `apply to the same thing,' 100b9 . robad dund sasad diant ainm panis tantum noregad, 118b6 . ? To this: in biait is inmain adrad | cein-mair anmain dia ndichet `heil der Seele, auf die er sich bezieht,' KMMisc. 212.13 .

(f) is given to: cid biad no ragad día n-echaib, LU 8833 . is taisce ragus in apdaine d'fine ... ina do deoruigh, Laws iii 78.10 Comm. ragaid do breth bu-déin duid thou shalt have whatever thou choosest, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . do chloinn do-chóidh a n-aire they paid attention to, DDána 27a.10 . is d'ollamhain ... | téid a ghuala an ollam has the right to sit by the king's side, Aithd. D. 32.4 . Cf. luid in chumal sin du forlóg ochtir achid `that `cumal' went to the additional price of O.A.,' Thes. ii 240.2 . Hence téit x do y y succeeds in doing x: a bhuain díot dá ndeachadh dhuit if you succeeded in taking it off, DDána 102.26 . fear dá ndeachaidh cuma an chosgair `man who could contrive victory,' TD 34.14 .

(g) fares with, turns out for: maith do chuaidh do bhán-fhonn Breagh | S. an uair do hoirdneadh `well for the fair land of B.,' Content. xxx 14 . curub olc do chuaidh dó gan comairli C.C. do gabáil, BCC 380.39 . fech cionnus téit a chomhairled dontí dobeir duit hi see how the advice works with the person who gives it to you, Ériu v 128 § 26.

(h) suits, becomes: amail as dech téit do mnái, TBC-LL¹ 44 . bíd cuid do na coimplexuibh da dtéid an samhradh go maith, 23 K 42, 27.14 .

(i) Various: don turus dia ndechaid, LU 9042 . trít chride dochuatar dait, co nderna chrois díb (of spears), TBC-LL¹ 4337 . ? méraidh am chroidhe a chleath Bhreagh | eabh in oighi gé dheach dhamh, IGT Decl. ex. 1241 . do cuaidh C. di ar ai betha na haidhci sin (of a path), Stair Erc. 1749 . docuaidh in dochar sin don rígh co mór that wrong hurt the king greatly, Expugn. Hib. 63 . ní théid duit-se fa dheireadh | do chisde dar cruinnigheadh `ní fhoghnann sé dhuit,' DDána 53.4 . gach cáil 'na ndeachamair duit `every quality in which I served thee,' TD 14.8 . t.¤ do láim goes to communion: do aes na tet do laim riam `that go not before to Communion,' Thes. ii 255.12 . co ndechaddar do laim, Mon. Tall. 163.21 . ? is mithigh i n-anmain Dé do tháed do láim (seems used here of ordinary eating), Ériu i 44.25 . docúaidh doráith leo a mharbadh `they resolved,' BNnÉ 41.36 . docoidh doraith occo, CCath. 3256.

7 With eter.

Goes between; comes to pass between (of quarrels, reconciliations, etc.): dochostis itir a tobor ┐ sliab, TBC-I¹ 894 . ? légais rúne rochúaid eter scolaib screptra, LU 829 (ACC). air chlaontaibh ... noch a rachadh eadruinn ┐ Dia which would come between us and God, Donlevy 358.23 . teid cirgala ┐ imserga etarro, RC xxiv 174.z . ní rachadh ... réidhteach eadrainne agus sibhsi no reconciliation would have taken place between us, Maguires of F. 52.15 . is e ordughadh dochuaidh eatorra `the arrangement made between them,' Keat. ii 1587.

8 With fo.

(a) goes under: croicend muici Dūisi, | cech oen fō tēged thaebh every one under whose body it went, ZCP xii 244.16 . suainem tar blái foa ndichet carpat under which a chariot can go, O'Mulc. 759 . ionnas nach rachadh ... faoi lár be lost , Donlevy xv 11.

(b) undergoes, submits to: in tain diagmani fo baithis, Wb. 3a15 . luid fo recht `underwent the Law,' Fél. Jan. 1 . ar na tiagsad fo graid nepscuip, Mon. Tall. 134.13 . in tan dochuaid fo recht n-imdibe, PH 5684.

(c) dies by (the sword) : tiagamm fo chlaideb, SR 3628 . dochuaidh Pol fo cloidhem, MacCarthy 284.1 . tri bliadhna d 'O Neill nertmoir, | in-Ath-cliath luidh fo lannaibh, 422.y (sic leg. with BB 50b29 ).

(d) goes towards, throughout: sic ducuaid inducbal cruche crist fun domun spread throughout the world, Ml. 65c9 . do cuas leis fo crich Sheóach, AFM v 1580.z . téid fo'n gcath arís, ITS i 96.9 .

(e) attacks, assails: cethra foa tiagat coin alltai `whom wolves attack,' Ériu ii 210.2 . sgéala do chuaidh fam chridhe, Aithd. D. 14.12 . dochuaid h. Dubda fuithib, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 .

(f) Various: do-chóidh ré na feirge faoi set , Aithd. D. 95.22 . berbtar cerc ... co ndeachad a trian fó bruith `until it boil down to one third,' O'Gr. Cat. 197.17. téid 'n-a haonar fat éaruic `she undertakes herself to pay thy ` éiric ,' Aithd. D. 68.16 . téighim gan chleith dhaoibh nó dhamh | fa a bheith i laoidh nó i leabhar I guarantee that they are all in lay or book (?), Content. xxi 7 . a tigerna, teim fēin fod' grāsaibh, ZCP vi 48.37 . ? do-chuaid fa a chró a ferg d'fulang | dulann dó a celg ar Conall, Irish Texts ii 17 § 9 . nocha teigim fo guth cluic I go not at the sound of the bell, ZCP vi 263 § 10.

9 With fri.

(a) goes towards, against; opposes: mani dichset mna ernochta fris, LU 5193 . cet cia theis fri baigh | Aedha he is permitted to contend with A. (?), AFM i 408.x . co ndech comla fri haieór till the firmament be enclosed by a door, ZCP viii 111.15 . luibh shídh do-cháidh rer gcneadhaibh, Aithd. D. 67.7 . ní thēiss hi forgull fri nech, ACL iii 312 § 6 . tíat Lugaid fris let L. go to meet him (? about that matter, see under (e)), TBC-I¹ 1363.

(b) devotes oneself to, adopts, takes a certain course: docotar iterum fri tola in betho they have given themselves over again to worldly desires, Wb. 29a8 . conn-dechaid re filidecht took up poetry, RC v 201 § 17 . dochuaid re marttra dar cend C., PH 659 . Of Christ submitting to the Cross: rí dochoid fri crann crucha, SR 7753 . With menmae: ar is res do cuaidh meanma an ughduir cumadh mó ... it was this the author had in mind, Laws ii 42.3 Comm. `according to the intention of the author,' iv 10.27 Comm. dochúaid a menma fris ┐ rotholtnaigestar dí in gilla rochalma, TTr.² 472 . ní th-ari-siu téit ria it is no business of yours, Ériu i 134.4 . Cf. a-rís ní rach le bronnadh `never again shall I be engaged in gift-giving,' Aithd. D. 39.40 .

(c) guarantees, goes surety for (see also under I (e) and Bürgschaft 35 ): o testaib coraib cengur do gnim frisi tiaguid, Laws i 266.6 . coir cin co ica acht cert aithgin ris i ndeachaidh `but the proper compensation for what he guaranteed,' iv 260.15 Comm. in ti ris-i ndechaidh lamh `for whom he has gone security,' v 226.27 Comm. Cf. in fer ris i ndechaid taib `in whose behalf he interfered,' iii 238.16 .

(d) takes after, resembles: gibe don da fhior re a ttéd (of a child), MS. Mat. 581.18 . is re dolb-gnimaib ... D. do chuadar do chert-chlesa took after, MR 294.17 .

(e) Various: rofhiarfacht doib ... cid ní risi ndechadar on what business they had come, TTebe 4757 . cia doragad risin techtairecht sain, CRR 24.17 . mar go ndeachaidh Solamh ré seachrán, TSh. 3507 . téid re hoighreadh dath do dhearc is as handsome as (?), DDána 106.31 .

10 With i n—.

(a) goes into, enters: is euseph duchoid in egipt, Ml. 84c9 . ara tesed b isin sillaib tánaisi `that `b' should pass into the second syllable,' Sg. 21b9 . á eret tias in cascc isin mís, Thes. ii 39.25 . Samér (a river) téite a llochaib Éirne i mmuir, Trip.² 2952 . iss ann téit in cach n-oenrind (of the sun), SR 232 . co ndechatár secht ferchubat di senamain in tige i talmain, LU 8377 . na téged in rí féin isin cath, ZCP viii 317.19 . in la no ragad i coblach ` embarked ,' Cog. 50.9 . rachaidh i sosadh aingeal, TSh. 800.

(b) penetrates, invades, attacks: cindas tíagar ina n-inni de? `how is their meaning arrived at?,' Hib. Min. 297 . a bás do chuaidh 'n-a chridhe, PBocht 14.23 . do cuadar siat a tiagernus Ser Gido they invaded the lordship of Sir Guy, Fier. 237 . do chuadur Clann Domhnaill ionta líon a slōigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 7.12 .

(c) goes into (of numbers, etc.), fits into: da deich ... | tiagait hisin certfichit, SR 746 . adrolaic a beólu co ndechsad óen na rigthige inna croes, LU 9104 . lestar bec, ┐ da lan dec uidi circi isedh teit ind, Laws i 106.24 Comm.

(d) goes to, sets about, resorts to, indulges in (of actions and states of being): na téit i llánamnas (non adducat praeputium), Wb. 10a15 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, Ml. 62d1 . luid in ailithri, 74b5 . co ndechuith in crucem, Wb. 22b11 . dochōtar Ulaid ina nōendnin, TBC-I¹ 874 . na cuic seoit tet a lobad di `that are forfeited,' Laws i 272.3 Comm. ní théid éantroigh i n-uabhar, Aithd. D. 11.33 . moch do chúaidh grian ina gáibh the sun has resorted early to his rays, L. Cl. A. B. 234.88 . ná heirg i slánaibh síotha `enter not into securities for peace,' TD 15.45 . Note also: ragmait-ni 'n-a fhurtacht-sum, CRR 28.21 . teigdis Ulaid ina fuigill `submitted to his adjudication,' Laws i 154.x Comm.

(e) becomes (with abstr. noun denoting the quality expressed by adj. in Engl.); results in: o dha-peccaid in duine dochóid se in athardacht o'n aingel he took after the angel (?), PH 7434 . téid dealbh a aighthe i n-óige, DDána 67.10 Hence in idiom: t.¤ x i y do z x results in y for z: do chuaidh i dtarbha don tsagart (of a prayer), L. Cl. A. B. 20.11 . do chóidh an bás sin Mhéguidhir i n-utmaille menman d Ua N., AFM vi 2162.z . Cf. do-chuadar na créatúire se i n-anumhla don duine, TSh. 2447 . With prepp. other than do in various shades of meaning: ag dol a nédánacht air `becoming afraid of him,' Rel. Celt. ii 190.4 . ionnus go dtéid i gcogadh ┐ i gcorraighe ar an gcoguas, TSh. 3042 . do chuaidh Diarmuid, mo thruaighe | fúinne i bhfuaire D., alas, has grown cool towards me, Ir. Review 1912, 517 § 5 . decla go rachdais a ndimus ass lest they should become proud from it, BCC 122.36 . do chuaid an tigernus a coinntinn etir Ruaidri ... ┐ Donnchad, L. Chl. S. 56.27 .

(f) Gramm. ends in (of words): ciasu in —is teit `though it ends in —is,' Ml. 67d24 . ní bbá in —anus regaid, Sg. 36b1 . airdiden ind ainmedo téte in —a, 92a2 . uand ainsid téte in —em, 129a1 . cuig coitchind tiaghaid i n-es, Abbott-Gwynn 55.18 .

(g) Gramm. amalgamates with, is assimilated to (of sounds): tíad dá .s. na chéile a ccomhfhocal (glas ┐ smior, glaismior sin), IGT Introd. 12.16 . greim comhfhocuil ... téid san bfocal theagmhus na dhiaigh amalgamates with the following word (of prefixes), 25.9 . Note also: óir i `m' théid Sealbhadh `b' ar Sealbhadh uathaidh fheirinnsgne (e.g. cia ra mbuail) `b' is eclipsed, Éigse ii 118.58 . cáit a tteid caolughadh a nguthaidheadh leathan when is a broad vowel attenuated, IGT Introd. 1.12 .

(h) Various: ? dia dia do[r]rogus ré tias in[n]a gnuis `before I go into His presence,' RC xx 148.6 (ACC). dochúaid ina rúinib ┐ ina comráitib ┐ ina [n]derritib `he went into their sweet secrets and talks together (of Ulysses trying to prove his identity to Penelope), Mer. Uil. 270 . do chúaidh fúibh san mhuir do mhíne | go bhfuil súil na ríghe riot the sea has become so calm on thy account, L. Cl. A. B. 241.115 . Legal: teit turrtughadh la fogail ann `compensation for damage shall be for it,' Laws i 98.y Comm. ná[d] té(i)t tír ... ind it is not paid in land, Críth G. 364 . coir no deisidhe cia no dechsa[t ?] a cinta ... isin tellach is neso that the nearest hearth should become answerable for his crimes, Laws iv 248.22 Comm.

(i) With prepositional phrases (see also under 1 cenn, 2 dál, dead, etc.); ná digis t'aenur | i cend ríg Temra, SG 365.10 . is se in [fogelt] teit na cenn miach `the feeding which shall accumulate upon him,' Laws i 110.6 Comm. cion Éabha ... | doirb téarnamh ó théid 'n-a cheann `escape from it is hard when others are added to it,' Dán Dé iii 16 . ar co tíasad na coinni, LU 6148 . ara tesed inda commaitecht, Mon. Tall. 159.19 . manip ámlaid tiasum i ndáil na hédparta, PH 5349 . ducoid cách huainn a leth for assreud `each of us went apart in dispersal,' Ml. 63c19 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg | a leith a grásd do cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 . admuinemmar .i. tiagmait ina munigin, Thes. ii 322.20 .

11 With iar.

in fer no-thēged iarsint shligi who went along the road, Sc.M² 2.2 . cruth iarsa luid a chompert-som how his conception came to pass, RC ix 452.8 ( LU 1648 ).

12 With imm.

cech toisc imma téig `every business about which you go,' KMMisc. 260 § 5.

13 With la.

(a) goes with, accompanies: cona muntir dochoid less, Wb. 14a19 . tiagait ... | la Demun they are given over to the Devil, SR 8351 . Grainde luid lat a Lughaidh `G. eloped with thee,' Laws iii 532.11 . fear ... tete la haes nescairde .i. bhis for fosiubhal imaille ris in lucht na bi isin cairde, H 3.18, 262a ( O'Curry 522 ). go dtéidhe an t-anam araon | le chéile is an chalann, Dán Dé ix 15 . ro gabudh da nathraigh ... lé, ┐ docuaidh leo co hincleith `brought them,' Stair Erc. 101.

(b) is let go (unpunished) with: ní racha libh ar labhrais `thy words shall not go unpunished,' Content. xxii 1 . dá ndeach sé liom rem lá | atá im chionn a Dhé fá dhó (even) if it be remitted to me during my life it awaits me doubly (hereafter), Dán Dé ix 17 . ní leó docuaidh gan dighail, Stair Erc. 2191.

(c) t.¤ la x x succeeds: in tan d'fearsabair riu gleo | ní deachaidh leo co buadach, SG 37.10 . nocha dechaidh ret' athair ... a com-éirghe do com Cuinn `thy father did not succeed when he rose against C.', Duan. F. i 4 § 7 . ba doigh lais na rachadh leis tar forsmacht in aird-ri, BNnÉ 322 § 28.

(d) pleases: a dtéid liom `a dtaithneann liom,' DDána 30.6 . téid linn gach ar luaidheamair, Aithd. D. 20.30 .

See also under 9 (b).

14 With ó.

(a) goes from, departs from: ni dechuid huaim, Ml. 54d7 . cia nutiastais huaim, 117d3 . dochuaid a anim o churp | Adaim, SR 2101 . airgg ūaim (sic leg.) be off ! TBC-I¹ 1197 . ni teiged bem i ndilsi na i ndilmaine uad, TTebe 2527 . ó rechaid óm comairle if they depart from my counsels, ZCP xii 393.13 . a mhatal donn ag dul ón chlár `a dark coif (?) drawn back from the brow,' PBocht 2.7 . do-chódarsan ó chloinn Néill `parted from' (in genealogy), TD 26.16 . téid an sionnach suas ó ṡoin `the fox goes back beyond that' (in time), Content. xi 8.

(b) is sent (on an errand) by: luid techt con-ascadaib húad, SR 3053 . ce dig neach uaithib do Roim, YBL 318ay. tíat aenfer uainn, RC x 74.12 . tiagat techta uainn co h-Ailech, SG 373.35 . More frequ. in pass.: tiagar huáin dochum hirusalem dus cid forchomnacuir indi, Ml. 16c5 . ced leth ragthar úaib ... do chuingid ind fir, LU 5711.

(c) outstrips: leomuin ... ō nach teighedh fiaidh for bith, Marco P. 89 . muc ... rachas uait féin, Oss. vi 134.y .

(d) escapes from: co ndeachaidh ré néllaibh uretroma æieoir uatha, BS 124.15 . an chluas do ba caol tuigse; | saor do-chuas ón chéadfaidh-se, DDána 52.15 . a n-imshníomh do-chóid ó cheilt can no longer be concealed, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 15 § 5.

(e) gives up, forsakes: eirg ód bheith mar do bhábhar, Timth. 1917, 61 § 5 . do-chuaidh mé óm fhéagain d'fhior `I have forsaken the glances of men,' TD 1.26 . Cf. úachaid rachadh ó chlainn `an old maid who would be childless,' ITS xvii 165.1070 .

(f) t.¤ x ó y y is deprived of, loses x: téiged uain failte na ceol, PH 4993 . rachaidh a ferand o fine `his land shall pass from the family,' Laws i 138.10 Comm. ní té(i)t a luige ó ḟi[u]r midboth(a), Críth G. 70 . flaitheas Dé dá ndeachadh uainn if I failed to get, Aithd. D. 77.29 . má do chóidh uaim | go holc ... | gach ní ... dá bhfuaramar `if culpably spent,' PBocht 6.11 .

15 With ós.

téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh `I advance to defend it,' Content. xxi 12 . tú an aonchnú do-chóidh ós choill which has surpassed the whole wood, TD 27.27 . dorachad os fhorbha righ in betha, Marco P. 142.

16 With re.

(a) goes before, precedes: co ndechummar for teiched remib, Ml. 63c14 . tiad gnuisi giolladh ndorrdha | reimhe, Studies 1919, 257 § 16 . sul deachad raibhthi romhainn, Ériu ix 163 § 3 . ar na daoinibh ... do-chuaidh romhainn, TSh. 608 . ní théid mo sheise ríogh róm `ní théid sé dom chosaint,' DDána 121.28 . ? ní a gcruth go rachadh romhaibh | tug an feadh nach fuarobhair | do fhreagra `it was not fear lest their power might yield to yours (?),' Content. ix 27.

(b) With personal form of prep. referring to subject of vb. goes on, fares forward: lotar ... rompo, LU 8864 . luid reime do ascnum co Temraig `fared forward,' RC xxiv 184.12 .

17 With sech.

(a) goes past, passes: ni tiagat saidai sech satuirn suas, Thes. ii 12.33 . slige dano, doscuet carpa(i)t sech alaile a road, on which one chariot can pass another, Corm. Y 1082 . co ṅdechsad in sapoit seccu till after the Sabbath, PH 2937 . ma thēsi sech rīga, ZCP xi 80.16 .

(b) Various: téid beatha as sáimhe seocha he misses a pleasanter life, Dán Dé vii 3 . a ndul seacha their neglect of it (?), DDána 81.13 . do-chuadar so uile seocha transierunt haec omnia, TSh. 946.

18 With tar.

(a) goes over, across, past: cona tiagat tara cricha corai, Ml. 51d3 . ba slán cech imlobor tarateged int uisce, Thes. ii 315.26 . ma (sic leg.) téis immurgu tar domnuch if however it pass the Sunday, Mon. Tall. 137.14 . ba samalta co rachad long ... dar a chraes, IT i 271.27 . chum na gcoirthe chuaidh thort do dhíoghailt past sins, Donlevy 304.23 .

(b) overcomes, overwhelms: da ndeachas dar Dun F. `when Dún F. was overwhelmed,' Ériu xii 192.8 . regaid fer dar fer, Sc.M² 15.8 . tēt an fer tarat amal tēti bott tar catt, TBC-I¹ 2680.

(c) exceeds, surpasses: ní thét a ccu dar cona, LU 3570 . ni teit indlighedh n-athgabala tar cuic bu `does not exceed,' Laws i 92.14 Comm. docúaidh, a Bruin, gan bara | mo c[h]ara tar do charaid, ZCP viii 225 § 1 . gach ainm iollraidh rachus siolla tar an ainm uathaidh every plural noun which exceeds the singular by a syllable, IGT Introd. 21.z .

(d) transgresses, violates (a law, etc.): ho luid adam tar réir, Wb. 3c37 . is me dochoid darsin smacht, SR 1529 . téighim tar teaguscc na n-easbal, Studies 1919, 75 § 22 . Cf. ní rag thorat I will not break my word to you (?), Anecd. iii 59.4 ; 'abandon (?)' PMLA lxii 896 .

(e) becomes necessary for, becomes due: rachaidh thoruibh tráth oile | bláth toruidh na trócoire `beidh ort trócaire d'iarraidh,' DDána 7.4 . do-chuaidh thort mo tháirriochtain it is time for thee to save me, 11.23 . dá ndeachadh thoruinn `má cuirtear chuige mé,' 95.7 .

(f) passes by, is omitted, lost, forgotten by: an bioth cé do-chuaidh tharainn, DDána 53.6 . a ndeachaidh thorainn `all our shortcomings,' Aithd. D. 97.33 . a dtéid thoram | ná léig oram ar airleagadh `those (crimes) I have forgotten,' Dán Dé xvi 11 . ? a laogh féin ó théid thairse since her own fawn had gone from her, DDána 69.26 .

(g) Various: do shealbhaighetar ... dōib féin hí ┐ nach raghduis tairsi mar fhlaithiumhnas (they said ?) that they would be satisfied with it as a principality, ZCP xiii 180.9 . tiad tar úidh an eóil shenta `they miss their way,' Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 14 § 4 . bá hi mbronnaibh a maithreach luidhsiot tairis ` escaped ,' AFM i 94.9 . is and adermuid nech do beith eslan an trath teit tara naduir fein, Irish Texts i 48.10 . dá dhruim ní tiachair thaireis it is not discussed, Studies 1928, 268 § 18 .

(h) With prepositional phrases. t.¤ tar cenn: fine caich dar a ndichet cenn a gell `of the person whom he shelters as to the pledge,' Laws v 388.2 . nī fail ní dom shétaib-se nād tēi dar cend na hingine which will not be given on behalf of the girl, ZCP iv 43.9 . noceilebraitis na cleirig dona laechaib tarateitis cenn on whose behalf they went (to death), Anecd. i 43.19 . t.¤ tar éis: co ndechasa dar th'éis that I may go after thee, SG 414.21 .

19 With trí.

(a) goes through: ragtháit tria chriathar n-átha for ṁbruirech minaigthe dogénat da bar corpaib, RC xxii 304 n. 13 (bid intechta tria críathar, text). co na dig in scuiche trit `that the small cattle could not pass through it,' Laws iv 114.7 Comm. íar ndul triit after it has leaked (cauldron), Críth G. 549 . is trithu nach tiaghair `through them no passage can be forced' (of soldiers), MR 194.15 .

(b) Various: arna te nech tria lugae `that a man break not his oath,' Ml. 36a23 (see note). rachthair thairsiu is tréo they will be utterly overwhelmed, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . do-chóidh tré chách na chéimibh surpassed everyone, IGT Decl. ex. 1255 ,

The following exx are obscure: teit grian adenus fria tuisc, SR 247 . belend dichet chlessamnach, Anecd. v 29.21 (Verba Scāthaige). eirggi guin ┐ gabail | attetha as cech anáil, TBC-LL¹ 3040 . rotraethad o sin amach | laechraid Asar imuallach | mac De na nime nosdig | in rorigi roreidig, Lec. 27d43 .

timthirecht, timpirecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. timthirecht, timpirecht or dil.ie/40825
Last Revised: 2019

n ā, f. vn of do-im(m)thiret.

I

(a) act of going to and fro: cumma ┐ t.¤ bech i llau ánli cach hae sech alaili súas, BDD² 1169 . t.¤ na n-aingiul imon tir angelos circumvolitantes, Lat. Lives 102.4 . t.¤ n-aingel issin mónai dond lige, KMMisc. 212.18 . t.¤ angel dond ligi dochum nimi, 214.2 . do t.¤ iter Dia ┐ doinib, PH 6228 . co faca t.¤ na n-aingel súas ┐ anúas and, LU 9825.

(b) act of serving, ministering to; ministration: bieid crich for timtherecht cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 . inna timthrechta ind labrada gl. officia, Ml. 42c4 . in ointimthrecht on frinni, 53b20 . timthrecht deggnima du edbairt dait, 73a10 . atrebat ní tria timdirecht, Sg. 35a2 . oc t.¤ in tslóig uile, BDD² 1307 . dorat sē laithi ... don domnach da th.¤ , Ériu iii 143 § 4 . oc a t.¤ na sruithi sin, Mon. Tall. 136.25 . t.¤ inna pīan `ministration of torments,' Ériu ii 136 § 120 . consacratar inna huili grada-sa frisna timtherechta cetna iar pennuid, vii 142.14 . is díaisneisi ... a thimthirecta inna dhūlib ō tosach domuin, ii 140 § 151 . na timrechtæ re suidigeasta (timchireachta, v.l.) 'the agencies which were established', TBith.² 104 § 4 . gid urd ... aon oidchi den timtirecht, Laws i 22.24 Comm. na dernasamar t.¤ ┐ umallóit duit, RC iv 248 § 10 . umalóit ┐ t.¤ do'n fhoirind beit hi carcair, PH 6002 . dar trealmaib timtirechtai a anala `through the gear that served his breath,' CCath. 4701 . aingil nimhe do bheith ag timpireacht dó, TSh. 3429 . Of religious ceremonies: ithé són leviti olchene nobítis oc t.¤ inna nidbart, Wb. 10d17 . eolus timthirechta a graid, Ériu i 218 § 2 . t.¤ imāin is leis | lasin fer grāidh, RC xxxvii 346 § 15 . lestra imda oir ... do th.¤ (sic leg.) altore De, Anecd. iii 75.27 .

(c) act of supplying: co [a] timtireacht a triur | do biudh (muntere) nime, Snedg. u. Mac R 13 § 62 . alma ... fri t.¤ fheola, Alex. 621 . an t-én nó ghnathaighedh t.¤ a bproinne doibh, BNnÉ 79 § 154 . conda tanic t.¤ o Crist, Lism. L. viii 25.

II anus : co lluid hi t.¤ a chuirp, TBC-I¹ 1735 = con dechaid dar t.¤ a chuirp, TBC-LL¹ 3947 . fuil na srona, no na timtirachta, Rosa Angl. 18.17 . nescoid arin timtiracht, 200.16 . a timparacht an othu[i]r, O'Gr. Cat. 270.30. ider in timperacht ┐ na huirghe, 271.2 . na heigin go laidir do timperacht nec comprime fortiter anum, Mackinnon Cat. 66.y .

tomaltus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tomaltus or dil.ie/41368

n o, m. (tomailt).

(a) consumption of food: na secht tomaltais ` chewings ,' MacCongl. 75.19 . ní dernadh tomultus bídh léo, CCath. 2519 . gomba huair tomhaltais doibh, BNnÉ 320.z . deuntar proinniughad ┐ tomhaltus aguibh, ITS v 166.32 . go tteghduissip tomhaltuiss ` dining-rooms ,' Fl. Earls 70.15 .

(b) food, provisions; a meal: na betis áes na fledi cen ól cen tomoltus, LU 8396 ( FB 27 ). doratad anus deach do t.¤ in derrtighi do, D IV 2, 70vb16 . co ccuirfeadh asccadha tuara ┐ tomholtais dia saighidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 196.13 . co praind ocus co t.¤ , LU 8965 ( FB 72 ). ni dernad praind no t.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 629 . tucadh biadh ┐ t.¤ dó, Ériu iii 158.3 .