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airdslechta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdslechta or dil.ie/1877

n In techn. term orgain a.¤ used of certain forms of assault: minab ann tora uadh ina conair dligteac cin a tarrachtain acht argain a.¤ , BCrólige 64 gl. 8 and n. ardslechta .i. ardfollus, ut est madh orgain ardslechta ro oir nech .i. dia n-oirgi co hardfollus for a adhaigh (= aghaidh) aonar nech. Nó mad orgain ardfollus oirgis se nech, O'Dav. 115 . [o bus] orgain airlechta in druith ar a aigid fein a aenar . . . is techta cach druit[h] . . . ina cinaid, Laws iii 158.8 Comm. , 202.5 Comm. mad orgain airrleach[ta] ro hoirg nech, Ériu xi 69 x . Note also: an t-ār-s[h]lecht oirlighthi, ML² 1792 .

1 alt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 alt or dil.ie/3016
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a., alta, altæ, altu, alta, ailt, a.

n Orig. u, m.? ( cech a.¤ , Ml. 44d2 , but ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z , cech n-a.¤ ┐ cech n-ága, TTr.² 492 and pass.). g p. -altæ, Corm. Y 41 , alta, RC xv 487 § 1 = altæ, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . Note also a p. altu, Fél. Ep. 323 (alta, v.l.). Later with g s. alta and ailt, n p. id., g p. a.¤ , IGT Decl. § 96 .

I

(a) joint, articulation (in human beings and animals): don a.¤ gl. jugulum, Gild. Lor. 69 gl. 201 . a.¤ día altaib = iunctura membrorum (of a serpent), Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . rolaad cach a.¤ asa choir dam gl. ita totus resolutus sum, Ml. 44d2 . mér airindí bīs ina aonar isin a.¤ i mbī, Corm. Y 890 . robīth Cūchulaind co ndec[h]aid a altaib dō so that his joints were dislocated, TBC-I¹ 2962 . For a different use with verbs see below. cach mball ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-āge, LU 6445 (TBC). lamh airgíd . . . edír mér ┐ a.¤ , BB 32b40 . tri halta atat isin meor, PH 6837 . cen tescud alta na feithe, Laws v 488.5 Comm. ar a.¤ a dhroma, RC xxix 138 § 56 . d'altaibh in droma, Rosa Angl. 98.19 . do benadh a throigh on a.¤ amach do mhac U., AFM vi 1884.15 . an deaslámh do dhol dá ha.¤ , DDána 21a. 22 . Fig. no gur sguch mh'annsa dha ha.¤ `till my heart left its wonted place', Ériu ix 6.55 . cíoch rér tairngeadh a fhíoch dá a.¤ , PBocht 2.4 . Cf. TBC-I¹ 2962 cited above. Occas. perh. limb: an dara dairt . . . / feoil is ailt ar a hionchuibh flesh and limbs are entrusted to it (of an arrow), DDána 78.13 . gan ghoin ag Dia ní fhoil aon-a.¤ / is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé, Dán Dé x 12 , cf. Keating's use of alt, goin below. Note also: chomhdhubh re gúal gach n-ailt dhe o bhonn go a bhathus, RC xxix 114.10 .

(b) Extended applications. Of the socket of a weapon: co tarrla [in sleg] ina ha.¤ . . . féin, Acall. 4905 . ro lingiustar in lann . . . as a altaib ┐ as a imdornnchur, MR 300.9 . Of some part of a sword: da claidim deg co n-altaib, BB 280b15 . tucustar tri tren beimenna do cruadaltaib in claidim `hard knobs', MR 300.24 . Note also: co n-a.¤ imrind, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 37 . Of curls in hair: i n-earla na n-a.¤ , DDána 91.30 (of a hero).

II In literary contexts.

(a) Used by Keating (Keat., TSh.) of a subdivision of a book (leabhar), with further subdivision goin punctum, see guin, and cf. Dán Dé x 12 cited above. Perh. also in: mé dot ath-ghoin san a.¤-sa, Content. xxiv 4 (`now').

(b) Of the division between the syllables of words: indleas do dhialt . . . air ni fil a.¤ and i.e. it is improper to apply the name of any polysyllable (`recomarc', etc.) to a `dialt' (monosyllable), inasmuch as there is no a.¤ (juncture) in it, it is a unit, Auraic. 779 , 3582 . a.¤ ┐ dialt ┐ recomarc, O'Dav. 428 . a.¤ in anma prosta in re n-aimsire bis eter in da shillaib a inni, Auraic. 830 . in gne no in cenel int a.¤? Is cenel ecin, ar itat tri gnee fai .i. a.¤ saerda ┐ a.¤ aicenta ┐ a.¤ co feser, 890 . cate esse alta? . . . in toe tengadh fil don filid a[c] ceimniughudh don litir for araili mad a.¤ saerda no don sillaib for araili mad a.¤ aicenta artificial division (within a syllable), natural division (between syllables), 909 .

(c) metre (type of composition?): cia ha.¤ dona seacht n-altaib ind aircetail, Auraic. 925 . domiditer alta uad fri alta duine, 1237 . alta uad, IT iii 128.2 . co fesear cia ha.¤ huad, 3 . ca ha.¤ don maoin nachar mēin? (.i. ca haiste don eladain nachar foghlaim?) (B. na f.), ZCP v 489 § 10 . is dīlsiu don a.¤ airc[h]etail īsiu, Corm. Y 41 . do ṡluind na n-ilaltæ, ib. a.¤ .i. aircetail, O'Dav. 6 . ae a.¤ , 160 . co n-a ollaltaib cen ail (of poets), LL 18266 ( SG 84.44 ).

III Abstract applications.

(a) juncture, point (of time, etc.): ra ha.¤ na h-uaire sin, CRR 18 § 12 . a.¤ in lai sin `this very day', CCath. 5110 . i na.¤ in inaidh-sea `the nick or juncture of this place', 502 (see O'Cl. in (c) below). rob indethbir a gabail do láim a.¤ na huaire sin, O'D. 1588 (H 5.15, 8a).

(b) shape, form: an choill aig eirghe ina ha.¤ féin, BNnÉ 159 § 14 . in n-óige ailt in completeness of form, RC xxxvii 348 § 57 . Cf. Colmán . . . / la hógi a.¤ légend `with perfection of high studies', Fél. Sept. 26 . Luacair ard i toethsat fir / fuithi ata a.¤ in buanfir, Fen. 374.14 . ?tug an tAthair na a.¤ féin / a mhac (`in His stead'), A. Ó Dálaigh viii 3 .

(c) kind, sort: cia haltt delbi, PH 440 . cía ha.¤ con etir, Mer. Uil. 282 . cia ha.¤ dáine cia n-anmand, TFerbe 564 . cia ha.¤ airgne agat?, Metr. Dinds. iv 212.40 . ? ni ha.¤ coindircle maith do denam fria n-aen duin ┐ olc fri cach, YBL 168a14 . a.¤ .i. leithéid. in a.¤ an ionaidhsi .i. a leithéid an ionaidhsi, O'Cl.

(d) state, condition, circumstance: iarom bá halacht in ben / ropo mára.¤ airmiten, LU 4312 . ? nirbu mall marb-a.¤ don mnái, Metr. Dinds. iii 50.23 (` death-dirge '). gillai Chonnacht co caími / dáini ra troma.¤ truagi, TFerbe 626 . lén-a.¤ `sorry plight', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28 § 42 . ? a a.¤ a olcc / a chacht a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . Perh. also: créad do ghéandais san a.¤ (: falt) úd `in that case', PBocht 13.41 . Hence in phr. i n-a.¤ with gen. in a position to, able to: ná tathaoir T. / 's gan é i n-a.¤ bhur n-agallmha `as he cannot answer you', Content. iv l . ó taoi-se i n-a.¤ mh'agallmha, v l. gan é i n-a.¤ a agallmha it was impossible to speak to him(?), DDána 100.25 .

(e) way, manner: atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail i.e. they have three ways of chanting the psalms, Mon. Tall. 140.28 (§ 33) . noco n-a.¤ dōib taurcbāil a coss do neachtar de seach araile it is not their way (of two who always kept in step), TBC-I¹ 3312 . a.¤ mog mo coire (.i. is ē so gnīmrad mo coire), Anecd. v 23.5 . is ucht ra mórdílind a.¤ neich mar sein i trad-sa `action of anyone', CRR 40 . is essarcain cind fri hallib a.¤ neich mar sain, 42 . Freq. with prep. FO: nod slaid fón a.¤ cétna in the same manner, LU 3287 ( SCC 8 ). fond a.¤ sin, LL 280a23 ( SG 415.16 ). Also in phr. as cech a.¤ : cóir áli riu as cach a.¤ , LL 374c60 . fuaradar eg as cach a.¤ , MacCarthy 434 § 4 . But see: a Muire, mo bennacht ort | as cech n-alt 'O Mary, my blessing on thee in every part' Ériu xix 13 § 1 . ? a.¤ dár séan an binnse bláth `this brilliant Bench (sc. of justice) hath been our welfare's hinge', Ó Bruad. ii 276.20 .

Very common in chevilles: a.¤ cen imresain, SR 6038 . a.¤ co mbuadhaib, Anecd. i 73 § 215 . ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z . drong tria a.¤ , IT i 78.31 . cen altu áig, Metr. Dinds. iv 98.91 . aichre a.¤ , Rawl. 148a3 .

Compds. ¤-bisech: th'earla bhíos ag breith ailtbhisigh increasing in length (?), DDána 114.6 . ¤-chaín: mānāis leathanglas fordūal altchāin uindsenn, TBC-I¹ 3346 `on a fair shaft of ash', Faraday. ¤-cháem: dfoghadhaibh altchaémha uinnsionn beautiful ash-handled javelins, AFM vi 2130.4 . ¤-chóir: aenmac altc[h]ōir, RC xxxvii 348 § 60 . ¤-géimnech: alt-gheimnech a n-a. `cracking of their joints', MR 256.20 . ¤-gorm: cloidhme altgorma, CF 880 . ¤-lethan: Echaid a. big-limbed, Fen. 28.22 .

1 amla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amla or dil.ie/3138

adv by-form of 1 amlaid. thus, in that way: do bhí Aodh amhla 'na Aichil (: damhna), DDána 110.42 . bearthar le móirfhear amhla ar Éinleighin, 109.4 . caithréim eile amhla sain / do-ghéantar . . ., 107.33 . ` Long Mhéig Uidhir' amhla sain / bhias ar an athluing éachtaigh, 107.29 . ní bhfuil ar talamh ná a ttor / neach amhla acht mé am' aonar such a one, Celt. Rev. x 139.24 .

anmain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anmain or dil.ie/3668

Forms: fanamain

n f. IGT Decl. § 10 , Verbs § 73 (anamuin). Also fanamain. Late vn. of 1 anaid (cf. anad).

(a) act of remaining, staying, waiting: d'anamhain ní headh do-chuabhair you did not mean to stay, DDána 26.3 . a haitreab . . . anamna its place of abode, CF 54 . denaid anmain ḟoistine, KMMisc. 313.21 = ainmne as foisdine, BCC 384.15 .

Freq. with prepp.: anbhain innti caic[idh]is, AU iii 116.20 . gan anmhain a Sigil not to have remained in Sicily, Aen. 2345 . do chum anamhna . . . san ttaithnemh do-gheibh san drochsmuainedh, Parrth. Anma 2621 . do chum anamhna da dheoin féin os cionn an drochsmuainidh to adhere to, Ó Héodhusa 180.7 . dothairges-sa moran tigerntuis dó do cinn anmuna agum `if he would remain with me', ZCP vi 290.2 . do madh ail lib anmuin farum to stay with me, KMMisc. 315.11 . ag fanmuinn re hAlasdar waiting for, Rel. Celt. ii 188.12 . anmhuin ré n-áireamh uile . . . ní ḟéadaim `I cannot . . . stay to count all', Content. xxix 27 . anmhuin uainne `staying away from me', Ir. Review 1912, 517 § 6 . sochuidhe . . . don tsluagh d'anmhain ón turas soin a number of the host did not go on that expedition, Keat. iii 3131 . adbur / . . . / a gcáir uadaib d'anomhain the reason why they are deprived of their rights, O'Gr. Cat. 408.11 . do bhí seisin na áonar ag fanmuin a muigh ón rioghacht `he alone stood out from', Rel. Celt. ii 204.15 . tug orra anmhain amuigh `charged them to remain abroad', Keat. ii 51 . ní hanmhuin dh'eineach desisting from, O'R. Poems 766 . anmhain bliadhain ar an bhfásach to remain a year in the desert, TSh. 4897 . Fig. ro aéntaighsiot dá gach leith anmhain ar na coinghellaibh sin `to abide by those conditions', AFM vi 2074.15 . gan a.¤ ar th'impidhe without attending to thy request(?), Dán Dé xv 7 . anmhain ort an uair do saoileadh / ag sin a thráth tig do ré when you think you can rely on yourself, DDána 26.9 . nirb ail leis . . . anmain gan dul co fianaibh Eirenn he insisted on going, CF 405 .

(b) act of stopping, staying: do curfeadh anumain eigin ar an allmurach who would delay the foreigner somewhat, CF 716 . sochar . . . mBanba . . . créd adbar a n-anamna? why are the privileges of Ireland withheld? O'Gr. Cat. 408.7 .

1 bechta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bechta or dil.ie/5531

Appar. vbl. of necess. from root *beg (cf. 2 taithmechta). See -becht. In phr. ní b.¤ ní tochta to be established by evidence (?); capable of proof, sustainable by testimony (?): is amlabar cach cumscas (glossed: indsci) na fri fiadna fedair farnan bechtæ nan tochtae (nantochtaeich, MS., ? leg. tochtai, ed.) `stumm ist jede Aussage (?), die nicht mit Zeugen gemacht wird über was nicht sicher, nicht beschworen (zu beschwören ?) ist', Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ; read fornád bechtai (`a verbal of necessity') na tochtai, Binchy, Celtica v 81 , 82 . flaith tochta na b.¤ (glossed: toinges for an ceile ni na bethaiget fiadain, na senchaide), Laws v 358.7 . ni b.¤ ni tochta .i. nocha nfastann luighi in inbaid na fuil tuarustal acht a luigh aonar , O'Curry 2239 ( Eg. 88, 17ba ). fear ro ith meirle cia dobera tuarasdal rechtge, ni b.¤, ni tochta, O'Curry 2596 ( Eg. 88, 50b ).

1 bun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bun or dil.ie/7448
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bon, bona, -acht

n [u, m. ? See PH 7275 cited below] somet. also bon. b.¤ m., g s. bona, IGT Decl. § 72 (and said to have a `canamhain'). b.¤ .i. fun .i. fundamentum, O'Mulc. 173.

The thick end of anything, base, butt, foot. Of trees etc. trunk, base: b.¤ cruinn mair, Thes. ii 295 § 7. béim do b.¤ chraind, LU 9063 ( FB 81 ). b.¤ nomna `trunk of an oak', Laws iv 142.y Comm. glaisithir b.¤ cuilind, RC xiii 5.8 . fear bona in craind, Laws iv 170.z Comm. fria bona na crand, ZCP xxx 138.2 (Alex.). sáidid . . . a mbonai suas . . . for bonu na crand, PH 7275. b.¤ cacha simne `das untere Ende', ZCP xiv 355 § 13 ( Laws ii 250.z ). geltatar . . . a fér cona b.¤ a talam, LU 4734 (TBC). See melle. b.¤ gach cleithe, Ériu i 22.108 . a b.¤ butt (of javelin), LU 4870 (TBC). bata buna borbremu[i?]r, ZCP vi 71.36 .

Of mountains base, foot: bona gairbenn nGreg, O'Gr. Cat. 336.5. im bhonaibh beann `around the assembly hills', Aithd. D. 36.26 .

Of rivers mouth, estuary: dara se a ainm ica b.¤ , Rawl. 78b1 . o Ghrellaig bháin bona, Gorm. Dec. 16 `of the river-end', Index of Places. b.¤ Bóinne, RC xlix 174 § 35. a b.¤ srotha Níl, Keat. ii 480. Exceptionally source: b.¤ an tsrota ┐ idir iartar . . . teit se a fairgi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 52.26 .

Of parts of the body: b.¤ a tengad base , Rawl. B 512, 48b (cited Contribb. 290 ). o b.¤ na hingne, Laws iii 352.3 Comm. escra (sic leg.) laimi bona a mer `at the root of his finger' (Plummer MS. notes), v 40.17 Comm. (verse). lethfat buna in litanain lower part of the little finger, ii 232.23 Comm. ar mhíonbh. méar, DDána 79.11 `barr,' Gloss. ar bunuibh in righthigh, Reg. San. 30.14 ` elbows ', Gloss. bēim . . . do b. an erbuill end (?), ZCP vi 80.38 .

Of armies base, foundation, main force (?): b.¤ an tslōigh (of a leader), O'R. Poems 685. b.¤ gach buidhne, DDána 111.30 `cúl, taca,' Gloss. a mb.¤ ┐ a meirgedha `base', Stair Erc. 2108 `the chief banyere', source. cōic mīli ele mur b. dōibh-sein `as a reinforcement', ZCP vi 45.5 . ? do sdéd mear ag cur chúarta / gu b.¤ ḟer an imrúagtha, IGT Decl. ex. 1281.

Various: sech b.¤ Baile in Bile, LL 10307 (TBC). a b.¤ fleagha remains of a feast (?) (term of opprobrium), IT iii 80 § 54 . ? rann ō bon (division of inheritance), Ériu i 214.13 . In more or less abstract applications: cia ré mbean a mb.¤ `what is their real value', Content. xiv 49. gibé heile ris as bh.¤ `whoever caused it', 69 . Ó hE. d'fhíorbh. accam is my real support, O'Hara 2218. a mheabhoir gá mbí a b.¤ `o steadfast mind', 3357 . fíorbh. na faghla, Aithd. D. 16.40 `mainstay', Gloss. b.¤ an ghaisgidh, RC xlix 172 § 26. b.¤ na dtrí dtomhus, DDána 58.17 `bríogh,' Gloss. ag sin b.¤ mo bharamhla the gist of my opinion is, Arch. Hib. i 98 § 3. b.¤ na tiomna-sa, BNnÉ 272.37 . ? sé 'na aonar ar ndul dúinn / b.¤ ar an saoghal ná saoil, Dán Dé xxiii 33 . go b.¤ gnath a gheinealaigh source , BNnÉ 281.4 . ? gnithi manach beothlusach buna, O'Dav. 1530.

Attrib. gs. qual. búanna, -acht, etc.: sreith . . . buannadha buna ┐ bairr levy for the upkeep of permanent and additional mercenaries (?), AFM v 1686.3 (see note). co na buannacht bhona `customary services ', 1600.y . suim Cissa i B. . . . ar an taobh amuig da Galloglacaib Bonna ┐ Bairr ` royalties ', Trans. RIA xv 37.30 . se .xx. tuag do buanacht bona, L. Chl. S. 30 (expld. by ed. as `axe-men to be maintained'). buandacht bona I Domnaill, Prolegomena 48.7 . cf. bonaght bonny, Dymmok, Treatice 8 (Ir. Arch. Soc. ii ).

V. freq. with prec. I N-: i mb.¤ na gabla beside the fork, LU 9193 ( FB 92 ). a mb.¤ an durrtaighe, Grail 3534 . Usu. in transfd. sense occupied with, adhering to, in charge of, devoted to: ataoi dháibh a mb.¤ do bhágha you have kept your promise to them, Dán Dé xix 25 . 'na bh.¤ guarding Him, ii 23 . atáid trí biodhbhuidh na b.¤ / ar tí ionnluigh na hanman, IGT Decl. ex. 775. an i mb.¤ do bhréagnuighthe `attend to my reply', Content. xxiv 24. fuireach 'na bhon to abide by it (a pact), Luc. Fid. 4142. nír ansat a mb.¤ a siothchána dAodh, AFM iii 464.z. Note also: mo thimpán . . . / atá i mb.¤ a leitrinne / airfided ban in domain is capable of (?), SG 248.38 .

With other prepp.: nī cuirfeam ar ngrād go b.¤ we shall not consummate our love, ZCP xiii 18.6 . do bh.¤ an ghrádha because of, DDána 58.12 . do bh.¤ t'impidhe through beseeching thee, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 4. fa b.¤ an craind at the foot of, Grail 3073 (a mb.¤ , v.l.). fá bh.¤ mo chlúimh `under the shelter of', Atlantis iv 134.2 . fri b.¤ cruche `at the foot of the gallows', Mon. Tall. 127.5 .

In adv. phrases: ar b.¤ established, in force, in progress: in síd do beth ar b.¤ , LB 114b53 . geis an airmse bíodh ar b.¤ , TD 19.19 . do bhí a nós . . . ar b.¤ , PBocht 11A.10. ó's í is mó atá ar b.¤ do shíor (division of Ireland), Keat. i 110.20 . b.¤ barr top and bottom, entirely, completely: tópacht . . . cétbunni darach d'oenbéim b.¤ barr, LL 8021 (TBC). With prepp.: di omnai . . . / . . . eter b.¤ is barr, LL 4763. mo shaoghal ó bh.¤ go barr, Dán Dé xxiii 18 . See 1 barr. b.¤ ós chionn (in class. verse also disyll. b.'s ch., see Measgra D. Gloss.) upside-down, in reverse, vice-versa, at variance: beag do-ním achd beart bun 's cionn, DDána 13.13 . ag cur an bheatha b.¤ ós ch. (leg. b.'s ch.), Dán Dé xxxi 31 . bun 's cionn gan dul 'na dhiaidh dhamh alas that I did not follow it (?), Measgra D. 58.16 . no bunsginn `or vice-versa', Rosa Angl. 52.18 . buin-sgionn = desuper, TSh. 7001. teilgidh b.¤ ós cionn bríathra = he overthroweth the words, Proverbs xxii 12. am scīth bun's cind upset, ZCP vi 263.15 . With follg. prep.: Luther ┐ Calvin, bhíos go minic b.¤ os cionn le chéile at loggerheads, Eochairsg. 2.14 . bun-os-cionn don Scrioptúir, 3.16 . With agus: glóir an bheatha b.¤ ós cheann / 's an ghlóir ar nach fuil foircheann, Dán Dé xxii 9 . See 1 cenn. b.¤ i mb.¤ together , Magauran 210 .

Compds. With nouns. See bunáit, etc. bo buin-beíme `a cow for cutting their trunks', Laws iv 146.22 . i ndóigh go gcuirfeadh Aodh buinchíos ar Dhál R., Keat. iii 1280. tri bunchuir `bands of interwoven twigs' (of a fence), Laws iv 76.22 Comm. = buncair, 112.9 . bunc[h]ar n-airbed, Corm. Y 581. See felc. bunebe ` cutting the trunk ', Laws iv 168.x. cath na m-bun fhear `of the stout men', Oss. iv 104.y . dia tuc duit mnāi co mbungile `ein Weib mit weissem Gesäss', Bruchst. 30 § 68 ; `a woman of real beauty´ EIS 143 § 23 . do chionn mhaga[idh] is bhuinghrin[n] `jeering, low humour (?)´ Celtica iv 110 § 18 . a chroiceann do chaill buin-scionn , 155 § 190 .

With adjj. lámha . . . bun-cháola, ML 120.8 . bile sa barr bunchasda, IGT Decl. ex. 553. cam buincheart an bunnannsoin with level base, ex. 583 . barr buinchlechtach `that ever does as by his origin he is held to do', Caithr. Thoirdh. 69.38 . slat bungel barrglan, ACL iii 238 § 7. a bunsaig ṁbaísi ṁbunloscthi, LL 8320 (TBC). do birfiaclaibh . . . bunodra `dun-based', CCath. 4027. bund-remar barr-cael (fig. of a `clí'), Laws v 28.7 Comm.

1 ceisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ceisid or dil.ie/8517
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cesaid, cesacht

v Also occas. cesaid. IGT Verbs § 78 .

(a) complains, grumbles : Sdeaphan mór tré dhochar ndis / Pól dá chlochadh is níor cheis, Dán Dé xxvi 54 . a ben na cuile, ná ceis, Laud 615 87 cited Meyer Contribb. Prov. ceasann an bolg lán, Hard. ii 399.8 . ? scīath rígh Muige Tulcha Lis / cuire cumtha cīa nār ceis?, ZCP viii 227.18 .

As a rule with FOR (AR). (b) Of thing complained of: uair ni chesend nech dib som for a focraic fein `since none of them grumbles at his own reward', RC xxv 246.22 ( LU 2654 ). mad ar a būar cessed nech, ZCP viii 217.23 . as teann cheisim ar mo dháil, KMMisc. 354.25 . ar chrechaib nīr cheis in fer `never complained of having to make raids', Ériu xvi 162 § 21 . ar [chlaoine] na gclann ná ceis `complain not of their waviness', Magauran 956 . an uair cheise ar an gcroidhe `when thou lamentest thy evil heart', Dán Dé xviii 21 . ro c[h]eisedar na flatha ar n-a fedhmannaibh, ML² 1730 . With RE: ní cheis re comhrádh macaoimh 'she does not complain at the chattering of a child', Giolla Brighde 26 § 17 . In difft. idiom with words meaning fame , etc.: Midhi mac Bratha . . . / . . . / do ceis a tairm ar gach fini, / conad leis ainm Midhi moir his fame imposed itself upon(?), Ériu x 78 § 24 . leathar leis gach breath ma mbia / cá neach ar nach ceis a clú?, Magauran 3900 . Cf. sense (d).

(c) Of persons: ro ches air co mor = indignatur, TTebe 2514 . c.¤ in rí ar Fithirt finn, SG 367.38 . ní cheis mé ar a chloind d'ú Chréide, IGT Verbs ex. 699 . ? marb m'aes cumt[h]a ar nar ceis / duinn-e fa hurchra aindeis, BCC 390.7 .

(d) belittles, thinks little of, despises (see TBC St. 1447 - 8 note): cessis in caur forru . . . ┐ ba nefní leis a caingen ora maid in cath remi deemed them but feeble opposition, LL 32287 (TTr.). ceisis Medhbh go mor air iarna fhaisgin, ZCP viii 548.34 . Perh. also: [na] aonar [ar] cath [do] cheis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 15 . In this idiom most freq. with menmae as subj.: tincais Medb ar Con Culaind ┐ cessis a menma fair `in her own mind she belittled him', TBC-LL² 1409 ( TBC St. 1447 ). rogabsat a ceill ar in slog . . . ┐ ro ceis a menma dul tarsu felt confident of overcoming them, BB 436a48 . ōtconncatar in becān slūaig . . . roches a menma forru, Fianaig. 78.1 . nir' cheis menma Fhinn ar an bhFhéin riam co sin a gcath ná a gcomhlonn never lacked confidence in, Acall. 1097 . cessis a menma cu mór forthu-sum, CRR 25 . nir-cheiss a menma na aicned na innithim forthu-sum, 27 . ro ceis menma D. ar Dal cCais ara nuaite, Cog. 212.10 . ro cheis menma cechtarnae dhiobh co mor forsan arccatt felt sharply that the money was inadequate, Hugh Roe² 282.z . With difft. prep.: is airesin . . . ro cheis menma Criomhthainn do A. B., Misc. Hag. Hib. 20.27 .

Vbl. of necess.: menip cesti for a eladain `unless there be a question as to his science', RC xxvi 17 n.4 . nibath cesta ar ar cloind, Fen. 320.y .

Vn. cesacht.

derdíbad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derdíbad or dil.ie/15609

n m., destroying, annihilating: ag derdibad ceitri n-ollcoicedh n-Erenn ina aonar , TBC-LL¹ 1704 (St.). See der- and díbad.

díbech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díbech or dil.ie/16012

Forms: dībich, Dibeach

adj o, ā. (díbe) churlish, grudging, niggardly: dibeach .i. diultadach, Stowe Gl. 304 . is fa sainti in d.¤ , O'Mulc. 310 . fer d.¤ , Triads 95 . in clēirech d.¤ diultadach is é dorad [in] mannair sin, Moling 42 . nírbho haithesc nd.¤ nduaibsech ndiultadach, Anecd. ii 72.12 . dub d.¤ no duinech, Rawl. 160a45 . ba d.¤ in rī frisna filedu niggardly towards the poets, ZCP vii 300.17 . na drochríg (sic leg.) díbecha, viii 208.9 . mac cumhuile na mna dībhighe, Hy Fiach. 142 . ? suidhighthe dul díbhech a aonar edir ┐ caindell, Ériu xiii 52.7 ( O'Dav. 233 ). Compar. (used for superl.): Aithirni . . . is e is dibiqui (dībichu, v.l. doichlechu, LL 17a ), ZCP xii 398.8 . pn As sobriquet: mic Senaich dībich , Rawl. 125a14 . Senach d.¤ m. Carthann, LL 392c27 . mic Seanaig dībig, Lec. 211d34 . Gainemach m. Brocain dibigh mic Dicholla, BB 176e14 . h. Dibeach , Lec. 427d23 . Meleneach m. Dibich m. Dunaich, 237c23 . mic Dibich mic Dicolla, Rawl. 151a23 .

díl

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díl or dil.ie/16367
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: díol, d.

[u, m.]. vn. of 1 do-lá. díol m., IGT Decl. § 95 .

I Legal act of discharging, taking the place of (?): mana-hatmaiter fri ní itir is a dá comgrád do dil de ┐ neach diambidh logh enech in cunnra, da dil don feichemuin; no cethri comgrádh da dil dibh a ndis (i.e. if a surety is not acknowledged he must be discharged or replaced by two persons of his own standing and one person whose `lóg enech' is equal to the contract; or alternatively these two must be replaced by four of their standing), Bürgschaft 44 . na fiadhain dligthecha . . . acht mana bet a da comgrad do díol díbh, O'D. 671 ( H 3.17 491b ). sena iar naititin . . . is a da comgrad do dil de nar aititniged dó two persons of his own standing are required to discharge him from the amount for which he was acknowledged as surety (?), O'Curry 316 - 17 ( H 3.18 174b ). gialla gabhala dia dil dia mbe tuarasndal bansgal (i.e. as female testimony is not sufficient in itself a `giall gabála' is required in addition), Cáin Ad. § 53 (see Bürgschaft 44 n. 3 ). Hence: do liud fiadnaise . . . .i. do dil a fiadnaise, Laws i 138.22 Comm. Cf. díol .i. diultadh (B. na f.), ZCP v 485 . In phr. díl ┐ séna: feich cin dil cin tsena fully acknowledged (substantiated) debts (?), Laws v 310.13 . muna be for diul ┐ sena, i 276.29 . iii 326.12 . ? Cf. is and fogéba do mnaí | cen d.¤ séna fo ṡóergnaí, Metr. Dinds. iii 354.78 .

II General senses.

(a) requital, recompense, retribution; atonement, reparation: in tan ata dil in cinaigh isin rob fein `when the beast itself is value sufficient to pay for the damage', Laws iv 88.12 Comm. nochan fuil dil in cinaid aga do setaib, i 110.18 Comm. ca dil raghus ar in duine ina chinta? a marbhadh ina cinta comraite, O'D. 550 ( H 3.17 col. 437 ). cen d.¤ (.i. cen biathad) daimi rissi, RC xx 158 § 8(ACC) .i. cen dil oegidechta in scelaige, ib. dom-bér i nd.¤ do mac ind ríg romarbus `I will give myself in forfeit', xiii 462 § 67 . a ndíol a ndearrna mise d'ulc . . . marbh-sa me, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.x . carnn in chotaig sin la cách | cen nach ṅd.¤ cocaid co bráth | eter chlainn laind Labain lóir | ┐ clanna I. retaliation (?), SR 3042 . go bráth bud é mo díol de | techt tar sgél in chloideimse requital , SG 252.27 . a banscál, bid maith do d.¤ | fogeba nem cen anfīr, YBL 314b16 . triasin apstal doberair in d.¤-sa foirn, PH 2161 . cenmothat a oeigid ┐ cech oen dia mbói dil uad amach to whom he was under an obligation (?), LB 130b47 . seacht bpeacaidh dhleaghmuid do dhíol `we must atone for', Dán Dé xxxi 33 . leanum Crist co carthanach, | denum dil dar ndroch-ceirdibh, Lib. Flav. i 33ra9 . ní díol liom a los m' ḟola | ingreim fer mo chognoma I deem it not a fitting recompense, O'Gr. Cat. 463.7 . i ndíol mo sgeóil, TD 25.23 . ní ṡirfid fós díol 'na ndearna | síol bhF. ar an bhfaghuilsin, 16.31 . go dtiobhradh díol ar gach dán `a reward ', 8.22 . na fuighbittís díol fiach ina ffaltanas badh ferr a better satisfaction of their grudges, AFM vi 2080.8 . dream ar nach díol a ndearmad a fitting requital, Content. xxix 22 . saidhbhreas . . . an tsaoghail do dháil dó i ndíol Rachel .i. ghlóire nimhe, TSh. 9964 . ós é an bás is díol ┐ is tuilleamh i n-íoc an pheacaidh, 1539 . rainn díola dom dhán do Dhia verses offered in requital (?), A. Ó Dálaigh v 1 . i ndíol a ndearna mise do dhochar do Ch., Keat. ii 3201 . i ndíol a ṡáruighthe, iii 1403 . do bheir Día rath beg saoghalta . . . dona drochdhaoinibh a ndiol na maithesa bige do righneadair, Luc. Fid. 37.13 . ionnas go ttugadh [Críost] diol cert do Dhia san aindligheadh tugadar ar sinnser . . . dho, Luc. Fid. 44.6 .

(b) satisfaction, sufficiency; act of satisfying (a debt), paying; act of entertaining (poets, mendicants, etc.): cách aca nd.¤ riam a mbrugh | idir hécis is ollumh, Anecd. i 29 § 32 (v.l.). oc dīl occorso do chēli Dē, Ériu i 46.2 . mos-luadat . . . do d.¤ a n-itad co Boinn, Dinds. 16 . gan d.¤ a ṡainti, MR 250.18 . ag diol a bhfiach `paying their dues', KMMisc. 50 . coire . . . | 'na mbeith diol seacht gcéad d'fulacht, Duan. F. i 62 § 20 . smuaintighid nach bidh a ndiol aimsiri acu, 3 C 19, 70vb21 . nach roib agamsa don duine d.¤ fíach re tabairt tar cenn a anma, 3 B 22, 33b15 . legar fiuchadh doibh . . . no gomad diol bherbhthi in ptisan `sufficiently boiled', 3 C 19, 139a30 . do bhéaruinn duid do dhíol saidhbhris, A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 12 . ag caithem a ndila dona toirtibh, BCC § 355d . tareis na mboct do dil `after the poor had been satisfied', § 78 . cidh sámh leis an sódh . . . is doiligh leis bheith agá dhíol paying for it, TSh. 3606 . ní raibhi acht begán fiach orra féin ré ná ndíol, Mac Aingil 447.10 . teach do dhenom . . . do N. . . . do díol dámh Éreann `for the entertainment of the learned men', AFM iv 706.y . an breithemhnas aithridhe . . . do ghabháil chuige go toltanach ┐ a rún do beith aige a dhíol an tan fhedfas to fulfil, Ó Héodhusa 212.2 . a d.¤ coimhéta, ZCP vi 296.17 .

(c) treatment, handling: ge fūarais ūaind | onōir dalta . . . rab olc | ar ndīl ort arnat oilemain, ACL iii 235 § 30 . ag fechain an díla do-bera se ar an féin gach lai, CF 429 . gár bheag croidhe an Ríogh do roinn | 's gach díol oile [dar] fhuloing, Dán Dé xx 26 . an díol do-bheirid na crumha ar an gcolainn, TSh. 3884 . as bocht mo dhiol agad, Luc. Fid. 288.1 . Note also: a cor ar d.¤ maith `put to a good use' (of riches), PH 7751 .

(d) equal; complement; fitting object, warrant, guarantee; what is fitting or worthy (folld. by gen. or DO, rarely I N-): connach fail . . . dó dúal na do d.¤ ri gail na ra gaisced there is none to equal thee, TBC-LL¹ 3792 . ní mó ná díol mo ghaisgidh-se im' aonar atá ionntaibh they are not more than my single-handed valour can cope with, CRR 72.6 . gan a dhiol d'fhilidh induind a poet worthy of him, ZCP ii 351.z . co dtuc leis iat (sc. logs of timber) fóna ndíol taobán `with their complement of rafters', SG 292.25 . caogaid laoch . . . cona ndíol do mhnáib, 268.10 . ben díola degduine `fit for a gentleman', 142.4 (attrib. gs.). díol fuatha flaithes Eirenn `a mark for hatred', 469.13 . dil cach fedna 'na fearaib `his men worthy of any host', Hy Fiach. 212.1 . diol a bainne do soithidhibh vessels enough for her milk, BNnÉ 10 n. 16 . fil bur ndiol do ab sunn `a fitting abbot', 7 § 21 . tri ced bó . . . cona ndioll capall `with a proportionate number of horses', ALC ii 366.3 . a chuirp . . . | tú fa ríor nochar mhúin meise | dúinn gion gur díol treise thú though thou wert no guarantee of strength to me (?) Dán Dé xix 9 . na mná dhíobh ba díol tola | ní hiad anosa is annsa, Dánta Gr. 6 § 3 . díol san cheathrarsoin `the match of those four', TD 32.6 . ní díol síothchána síol gConaill no warrant for pacification, 16.4 . gé tharla a díol uirre d'uaislibh (sc. uille an ríogh) `its due of nobles', 11.26 . lór le fear má fuair do bhriathar, | beag 'na dheaghaidh do dhíol port `what place thou choose (?)', 29.18 (whatever you may say?). as sinn ios mó dho dhíol trúaighe dona huile dháoinibh, 1 Corinth. xv 19 . is maith an díol smachtuighthe é a proper subject for correction, TSh. 3478 . fá Dhia do dhéanamh a dhíola féin dá chréatúir `what pleases Him' (Gloss.), 8595 . ní feas do neoch an díol grádha nó fuatha é féin, 1155 (nemo scit an odio an amore dignus sit). a dhíol d'oidhre `an heir worthy of him', AFM v 1568.y . ni diol fochmhuide Dia, Luc. Fid. 278 . geall díola do chléir a warrant for rewarding poets, Ó Bruad. ii 128.21 . ris aní se . . . do chríochnughadh mar is díol as is fitting, TSh. 32 (for dual?).

(e) lot, fate: luadfet ed rígi cach ríg—is d.¤ firi na fer fíal the true fate, LL 32a48 . truag in garg-dīl rognīd and | for ingin ardríg hErend (of a princess burnt to death), LL 192b28 . on lo ro tilgedh ar in muir iad ni fes a ndil o thoin alle, KMMisc. 318.27 . Murchertach . . . | re ceithri mbliadhan fichet; | a cleitech cāidh, a dīl de (sic leg.) | ro bāidh fín, ro loisc tene, MacCarthy 410.y . do chuadar a ndrochdilaibh, 410.2 . olc d.¤ i torchair mac Duind, Metr. Dinds. iii 150.9 . ferr do d.¤ innáit sin uile .i. missi do tharrachtain duit, Acall. 4597 . nír ḟeadadar a dhiol na a dhiach, Hy Fiach. 38.16 . gan chodladh . . . | gan chobhair . . . | as doraidh mo dhíol, BS § 19 . dil in Aeda sin . . . indesat duib, Fen. 72.3 . ? biaidh tú it aoinmhnaoi agamsa. —Ní hagam féin atá mo dhíol, ar ise, acht agam oide, Keat. ii 4727 .

(f) end, destruction: d.¤ a uerbo deleo ┐ deleo mortifico , O'Mulc. 345 . díol .i. críoch, O'Cl. dia mbera breith fír for sein | ni bia d.¤ for th'airmitein, SR 3320 = erchra, LB 116a2 . bithaittreb péne . . . cen nach ṅd.¤ etir (of Hell), LL 281a19 (= crich, LU 1405 ). truag in garg-dil rogníd and | for ingin ard-rig hErend 'woe for the violent fate that was then contrived for the High King of Erin's daughter' Metr. Dinds. iv 328.39 , Peritia xvi 228 .

See díla.

fácbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fácbáil or dil.ie/20977
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fácbál, fácbáil, fágbháil, fácbala, fagbala

(fácbál) n ā, f. (vn. of fo-ácaib) Not in Glosses; the n s. fácbál is not recorded. n s. fácbáil, LU 8184 . fágbháil IGT III § 85 . g s. fácbala, LU 3819 .

(a) leaving, quitting; abandoning (a place, thing or person): forócrad do Bricrind fácbáil in tigi, LU 8184 ( FB 13 ). techid L. ... iar facbail a ech ┐ a gilli ┐ a armgascid, LU 8529 ( FB 38 ). iar ḟácbail a chuirp i n-a adnocul, LB 170a28 ( PH 3663 ). nocon ḟétaim ... fógnum da bar ṅdeeib ... ┐ mo Dia fén d'ḟácbail, LB 182a39 ( PH 716 ). iar bhfacbail na ndithrub sin, Marco P. 21 . iar bhfacbáil na crichi sin do neoch dia eis when one has left that province 48 . ar tí a n-oighreachta d'ḟágbháil to forsake TD 13.27 . a thigherna fóir oruinn, a támáoid ar fágbháil `Lord save us, we perish' Matthew viii 25 = TSh. 2060 (cf. under e below). With adj. as compl. leaving (in a certain condition): ni scēl fácbala hi lusc, LU 3819 ( SCC 37 ). in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co diriuch ask him to leave it erect LU 8392 ( FB 26 ). assedh doronsat doirsi an bhaile dfaccbháil obhéla oslaicthe, AFM v 1734.4 . acc faccbháil ... a ndúnárus óbhéla oslaicthe, vi 2176.4 .

(b) With FOR leaving to (as a charge or responsibility): doruménatár ... ba léim ro leblaingseom ... día fácbail forsna feraib aile, LU 9078 (`as a challenge for the other men to do likewise' Henderson FB 82 ). With FO: a fhágbháil 'na aonar fúibh | an é do bheir meanma ort ? that it is left alone in thy charge Measgra D. 57.5 .

(c) a legacy; a parting injunction, ordinance or prohibition, esp. by a saint; blessing (or curse) expressed as an endowment , in this sense common in pl. (Stud. Celt. xxxvi 55) ; generally as cogn. acc. after fo-ácaib and followed by a clause defining the injunction, etc.: is iad so gesa ḟágbhuim orruibh ... ┐ ná téighedh nech aguibh tar na fágbala soin (parting injunctions of Scáthach to the Irish warriors) RC xxix 140.3 . fáccbaim faccbail aile deit ... bidh buadach do comarba, Anecd. ii 38.11 . faccbais Molling faccbála maithe do rígh Caisil, Moling § 33 . robennaig Cairnech iat ┐ roḟágaibh fagbala doib .i. in uair nach biad airechus Erenn ... acu a spraicc for cach cóiced ..., RC xxiii 404.9 . do ḟágbhadar fágbhala ele ar gach aonnech ... nach ttiubhradh cadhus dhi .i. gan sliocht ... do bheith na dheghaidh, Ériu v 94.41 . fácbala ar in tiprait, a naemh Patraic ! Coimgi ... do gach neach ibhes a huisqi, ar Pátraic (leave) thy blessing on the well Acall. 1328 . fágbhais Pádraig ... eineach is eangnamh ... d'ḟágbhálaibh air, TD 7.17 . g s. as attrib.: ba comarli coir, ba hathiusc fagbala , Cog. 70.13 (`a message communicated or inspired by God or the saints' see footnote).

(d) with oc (AG) of pers., to leave with someone, esp. to bequeathe: a chealla ... dfagbáil `ga n-oighredhaibh BNnÉ 264.11 . ré fearann d'ḟágbháil agá gcloinn, TSh. 3546 . dá bhfágbhadh ... neach a oighreacht ... ag neach oile seach a fágbháil agá oighre díleas, 5141 .

(e) leaving (on the battlefield), i.e. losing: Cerran ... ┐ mac A. ... du ḟacbail as a lurgg C. and the son of A. were lost out of their band AU 913 . ruccsat ... an ccreich gus an ccampa iar faccbail druinge dá ndaoinibh, AFM vi 2232.17 . do cuireadh guais a ḟágbhala ar an ngobernoir fein `the Governor himself was in danger of being lost' 2122.6 . Cf. is dóchaite ... mḟácbail se innocht la Lagnib, LL 304a39 ( Bor. 105 ).

fadéin, féin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fadéin, féin or dil.ie/20990

Forms: cadéin, céin, fad—, fod—, bad—, bod—, bud—, cad—, fad—, bod—, cad—, feis—, fadessin, fodessin, fessin, —dessid, féssin, fadéin, féin, céin, faden, féin, fade(i)ssin, fadesin, fadesine, fe(i)ssin, fé(i)sin, fein, cadessin, fadisin, fadeissne, feisin, féisin, fessine, feisine, feisne, féisne, fanis(s)in, fesin, fesine, fésine, chanisin, fadisin, fadéisne, fesin, fésin, féis(s)ne, fadesin, fedesin, fade(i)sine, fadésne, fes(s)in, fesine, fésine, feis(s)ne, féis(s)ne, cades(s)in, cadésin, cadessine, fadisin, fanisin, fadéin, ba—, bo—, bu—, fadesin, fes(s)in, fesne, faden, fadesin, féin, fadéin, fodéin, —dén, fadessin, bo—, bu—, fes(s)in, féin, fén, féin, péin, fodéne, ba—, bu—, féine, fessin, fodeisne, feisne, budein, budeisin, badeisin, fadesin, fesine, feisne, féin, fesine, feisne, féisin, cadéin, cade(i)s(s)in, césin, céin, f—, cadessin

cadéin, céin, etc. adj. and pron.; fad— (later fod—, bad—, bod—, bud—) is taken by Pedersen Vgl. Gr.(i 271 , ii 153 ) to be an element of the verb to be. For cad— see below. The stress falls on the second syllable in the forms beginning with fad— (fod—, bod— etc.), cad—; in fan—, can— the position of the stress is undetermined. In feis— it falls on the first syllable.

The following forms are found in the Glosses. The absence of the mark of length may be accidental in some cases. The following rimes have been noted: fadessin: sessir ZCP iii 43 § 11 . fodessin: dessid (perf. of saidid) SR 1388 . fessin (with masc. poss.): —dessid, Metr. Dinds. ii 4.38 . féssin (fem.) : dēiscin, SR 2138 .

1 s. fadéin, féin, céin 2 s. faden, féin 3 s. m. n. fade(i)ssin, fadesin, fadesine, fe(i)ssin, fé(i)sin, fein(?), cesin, cadessin. 3 s. f. fadisin, fadeissne, feisin, féisin, fessine, feisine, feisne, féisne. 1 pl. fanis(s)in, fesin, fesine, fésine, chanisin. 2 pl. fadisin, fadéisne, fesin, fésin, féis(s)ne. 3 pl. fadesin, fedesin, fade(i)sine, fadésne, fes(s)in, fesine, fésine, feis(s)ne, féis(s)ne ( fēin, LU 159 , SR 4466 ). cades(s)in, cadésin ( cadesne, LU 1773 , cadessine, Rawl. 118b47 ).

There is no certain instance in the Glosses of 1 s. fade(i)s(s)in. In Ml. 66d13 the edd. of Thes. say that `fadesin' seems meant for `mea', but it is more likely that it belongs to `exercitui.' Cf. iudicio .i. fadesin, 51b16 . In later documents we have noted: ni fliuchaim fadesin ..., TBC-LL¹ 1307 . missi fodessin, 1005 . corbom gaeth fodeissin, BDD 15 . See also II (f) below.

The forms fadisin (3 s. f. and 2 pl.) and fanisin (1 pl.) are early lost; fadéin (fo—, ba—, bo—, bu—), fadesin and fes(s)in or fesne continue in use throughout Mid. Ir., but lose their specific characters, being employed indifferently in all persons and both numbers and genders. In Auraic. 650 the form faden is given for sing., fadesin for pl., in combination with a pers. pron.: me faden, etc., sinni fadesin, etc. During the Mid.-Ir. period féin comes more and more into use in all persons, genders and numbers and finally survives alone in the mod. language. In PH fadéin (—dén, fodéin, —dén) occurs 37 times and fadessin (fo—) 14 times, besides corresponding forms in bo—, bu—; fes(s)in 37 times; while féin (fén) is very frequent. LB favours the spelling fén instead of the more usual féin (LU, LL); dom péin occurs LB 134b30 . Other Mid. Ir. forms are fodéne (bo—, ba—, bu—) and féine.

I As subject of copula clause:

A (from Glosses): ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . cf. uilc féssine `evil themselves' (gl. errantes 2 Timothy iii 13 ) Wb. 30c26 .

B (from later MSS): ansruth a athir ... ┐ ansruth fadesin, Bürgschaft 13 § 45 . roptar scítha som fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 3619 . cf. corbom gaeth fodeisin `that I myself may be wise' BDD 15 (Y: badessin St.).

II As emphasizing pron. or adj. ( my, thy, etc.) —self. The exx. below are arranged in each section under persons (1 s., 2 s. etc.) and under each person instances of the longer forms are given first. For A, B see above under I.

(a) referring to subj. of vb.:

1 s.

A fadéin (gl. ipse) Ml. 23c1 . in tain ronicub féin when I myself shall come Wb. 18b14 .

B bet fessin i n-aentaid in Athar ..., MacCongl. 41.15 . dogén féin mo chomtocbáil, SR 854 . na dern féin forcraid 1583 . forglim féin, LU 10271 . itchonnarcsa fen hí, PH 99 . atchonnacsa feine F., ZCP xiii 169.13 . Cf. muna beinn badh dheine were it not for me Duan. F. i 192 .

2 s.

A im ní nad techtai féin, Ml. 56b33 .

B coiste fadein (impv.) SR 1151 . nosnicfae fadein, Bürgschaft 27 § b . dia ndingbaitea fessin he, LU 5962 . oldá-su fessin, MacCongl. 23.21 . troisc-siu fessin (impv.) MacCongl. 61.14 . tair-siu féin, TBC-LL¹ 106 . do neoch tharradais féin, Bor. 95 . na ciniudha rogabhais féin, CCath. 563 . mid fen pass judgement thyself PH 609 . in tan tucais fén tú isin croich, 172 . an t-ech ro ainciss feine which thou thyself hast saved BColm. 90.14 .

3 s., m. and n.

A ní doromlad fadesin, Ml. 36a29 . oldaas fadeissin, Wb. 33d9 . tuicci feissin, Wb. 12c26 . daucci feissin tantum, 13a8 . indaas cech terchital dunairc[h]echainn som fesin (contr. with `nach fáith aile') Ml. 64c22 . oldaas fessin, Wb. 24c15 . foilsigthi feisin `it demonstrates it itself' Sg. 211a8 . See also under II (c). (cf. bristi fadesin, Ériu vii 148 § 13 ; hicthi fadesin, Bürgschaft 33 § 3 ).

B pendeth (impv.) fadesin, Ériu vii 168 § 12 (Penit.), dogeni fadesin ind tiuglagin allae sin, Mon. Tall. § 52 . cf. dessid mo rí reil | fodessin, SR 1388 . luid sís fadessin, LL 116b19 ( RC viii 56 ). tucc fadessin a thēig ... chuca, MacCongl. 13.6 . co n-epert budessin, 21.21 . saidis foden, MacCongl. 65.4 . amal chomaides-som fodéin, PH 5310 . co rabe fesin lomnocht, SR 1316 . dorairgertsom fessin dóib anísin, LU 1960 ( FA 2 ). diluidsiom feisin ar a cend, Anecd. v 10 = ticseom féin immach, LL 112b8 ( ScM. 5 ). irbbad (impv.) fessin (f.) fair, TBFr. § 21 (fodesin Y. fodeisne, ZCP iv 42.17 ). cusin aimsir sin a mbui feisne (m.) Anecd. ii 43.1 . amal asbert féin, LU 4067 . ni thic do neoch acht mad doneth féin, LU 2021 . rogab fein for dian-aithrige, Bor. 100 . sáidis fén in crand, MacCongl. 29.11 . ruc fen breith fair he himself has passed judgment on himself PH 603 . ni dlig feine eneclann, ACL iii 223.21 . ro tinntó féin docum na Rómha, CCath. 146 . gach fer ... no aisnedheadh scela C. d'araili dobered fen fuillead friu, 765 . cristaidi nochanadh fein fris called himself a Christian Marco P. 64 .

1 pl.

A runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin, Wb. 15a4 (cf. b below).

B as diliu lind oldammit fadessin dearer to us than ourselves TBC-LL¹ 199 (= ina sind fen St).

2 pl.

A daberidsi féissne you yourselves give it Wb. 24c16 .

B cinnus doghníthi fēin fiadhach ?, Acall. 884 . ní thibér ferann dáibhsi, cosnaidh fein ferann dáibh `win lands for yourselves' (O'G.) Acall. 372 .

3 pl.

A (for Glosses see cadessin below).

B atchonncatar buden, PH 108 . nach feadadar fen, Bor. 129 (Lec.). rothomailset fén ní, MacCongl. 31.7 . cuirid féine a gceart ar gcúl, TD 26.15 . amhail do-rónsad féin, TSh. 154 .

(b) referring to a foregoing infixed pron. (when the latter is reflexive this case is not always easily distinguished from the preceding).

1 s.

B nimfogluasfind féin, LU 5960 .

2 s. B toing ... not-geibhid [leg. —gēbe] fadein frisna gnimusin, Bürgschaft 23.1 . dadotfail fodein, SR 1747 . lepaid ratfiasu féine thou shall have a couch LL 297a45 . uair nachat filsiu fein hi cutrummus, LU 8823 .

3 s.

A amal nach fuar fessin inneuch as I found not himself in anything Ml. 57d3 . darrat fessin hi croich, Wb. 28b4 . adidnopair fessin du Dia, Ml. 66b4 . adcomla friu fessin he joins himself to them Wb. 3c13 . nodmoladar fesin who praises himself 17b21 . amal ronsoír fesin soírfed cách crettes and, Wb. 32d13 .

B farrolaig ... Cruitine fadeisin i maig, Corm. Y 825 (fadesin, Bodl.). o chanasca (cutnasca v.l.) fadesin, Aipg. Cr. 18 ( ZCP iii 451 ). nech nothoirc [leg. nodnoirg) fadesin, Ériu vii 166 § 5 . ronoirnecht fadesin ib. rasgeoguin fodessin (his arrow) wounded himself PH 6306 . dia nustarda fadéin ingáibthib, 4859 . cf. falloing túath fadessin, Críth G. 599 cited below under (g) (β) B.

3 pl.

A nístuarascbat feisin cen gutai they do not express themselves Sg. 7a11 .

B nísfáelsad féin nach in curach, LU 1888 . in [ḟ]oirend rosmarb buden who killed themselves Aen. 1364 .

(c) ref. to suff. pron. (?): 3 s. gníthisium fadesin `he makes himself' Ml. 30b20 (but the correct transl. is more probably he himself makes him and the ex. belongs to II (a).

(d) With independent pron. (cf. Auraic. 649 : etargoire n-inchoisc persainni, me faden, tu faden, sinni fadesin, sibsi fadesin, siatsom fadesin. The corresp. text 3271 ff . has budein in sg. and budeisin, badeisin in pl.):

1 s.

A is me féin asbiur i tossuch (gl. per me et Silvanum) Wb. 14c30 . amal bid me féin notheised cucut (gl. suscipe illum sicut me) 32a17 .

B missi fodessin, TBC-LL¹ 1005 (= misi am aonar , St.). ni ba nech aile ... acht me féin, LL 296b22 . messe féin, 304a25 . na hadair dee bréci, acht me féin, PH 7310 . me fen nicon tibér `as for myself, I will not give it' MacCongl. 33.5 . misi féin as meallta, Acall. 982 . do Gaidhealuib mé fene, BCC § 278 .

2 s.

A cani tú féin, Wb. 8d27 .

B tussu fadéin, LL 247a44 ( IT² 208a ; fodein v.l.). tu fodén im fail-sea, MacCongl. 57.12 . in tú féin, LL 300b45 . tú féin, Acall. 353 . cia thu féin ?, 877 .

3 s.

A ni he fessin dobeir grad fair, Wb. 33c3 . he fesin as choimsid, Thes. ii 294.3 . f. sí feisine (gl. L manet per se) Sg. 165b3 .

B amhail bid e feissin, Corm. Y 825 . conid hé féin mac Dé, LU 1426 . ┐ hé fein eturru, LL 298a47 . conid rig he fén, PH 2586 . gur ferr é fein iná thusa, Acall. 2365 . tabhuir armgaisced mh'athar dhamh. dobhér ..., dōigh ba fialnár ... hé féin, 2012 . ba lan d'omun hé fein ┐ a righa, Marco P. 129 . diultadh se e fein, BCC § 4 (= dhó féin, Matthew xvi 24 ). med an tshaethair do bi se fein d'fagail uatha BCC § 33 . f. conid si fein ro innis, LU 2968 (H). i rraba sí fein, Thes. ii 337.33 ( Hy v 38 Comm ).

1 pl. B da deirbṡiair sinn féin, Acall. 398 . nach cumhachtach sinn féin ris aní se do chuireamair romhainn do chríochnughadh, TSh. 30 .

3 pl.

A nandat hae fessin, Ml. 130a8 .

B eter a feraib ┐ siat fesni, LU 8419 . iad féin, TSh. 5492 .

With nech oneself: B a mesrugud do neuch tra buddesin one should regulate it for oneself Mon. Tall. § 63 . faisidin na pecadh nach dernadh nech féin d' faisidi, RC xxviii 320§ 43 . nech féin go mór da mholadh | céim as lór da lochtoghadh, 23 L 17, 149a .

(e) With prep. and pron. suff.:

1 s.

A erum féin, Ml. 86b1 . form féin, Wb. 7d15 . 8d26 . leim féin, Sg. 209b30 . uaimm fein Wb. 11c1 .

B immon ní is leamm fodén, MacCongl. 45.4 . uaimm fodén, 111.7 . damh bodéin, RC xxvi 370.13 . damsa fodéni, IT i 125.19 . formsa fein, LU 5963 . damsa féin, LL 302a31 .

2 s.

A det faden, Thes. ii 258.22 (bis). deit féin, Wb. 28d15 .

B deit fadéin tantum, Mon. Tall. § 37 . duit fadéin LU 11011 . let fessin, LU 8831 . fort féin, TBC-LL¹ 1187 . SR 6258 . ocut fen, PH 2350 . lat fén, MacCongl. 61.8 . can deitt fén 75.5 .

3 s. m. and n.

A do fadesin, Ml. 61b17 . friss fadesin, Wb. 6c18 . tarais fadeissin, 33d10 . de fessin, Ml. 65a1 . dó fessin, Wb. 23c16 . do fesin, 23c13 . etir fessin et doíni, 28b3 . foir feisin, Sg. 209b12 . fris fessin, Ml. 12d11 . fris fesin PCr. 59a2 . and feissin `in itself ' Sg. 50a2 . ind fessin (gl. in se) Ml. 129d18 . lais feisin, Sg. 153b7 . tríit fessin, Sg. 43a3 . triit feissin, 73b7 . huad fessin, Ml. 108b17 . huaid fessin 35c23 . uad feisin, Sg. 209b12 .

B dó fadeisin, Críth G. 73 . dosom fadesin, Mon. Tall. § 4 . cf. cono fadesen ` inclusive ' BCrólige § 39 . lais fodēin, SR 6859 . fris fudein, Ériu vii 144 § 26 . uad fodén, MacCongl. 31.19 . do fadéin, PH 5972 . chuige fodéin, 6169 . dó féin, LU 8920. 2310 . Acall. 920. 1216 . ind féin, LU 2584 . fairseom fessin, 2279 . úad fessin, LU 10167 . dó féine, TD 34.9 . nach ann fein do bi a anam acht a mbethaidh in Tigerna, BCC § 7 . nech...do derrscnugud de féin, CCath. 277 . rocinn aici féin nach rachadh, 396 .

3 s. f.

A lee fadeissne (gl. anima patitur) `by herself' Acr. 11c1 . forrae fadisin, Tur. 79 . huadi fadisin, Ml. 133c10 . di feisne, Sg. 199b6 . inte feisne, 159a4 . friae fessine, Ml. 130c9 . di féisin, Sg. 199b10 . fuiri féisin, 209b34 . fuiri feisin ib. 28 . trée feisin, 25b14 .

B forri fadeisne, Bürgschaft 26 § 74 . anas dír dí fadesne, Ériu vii 138.3 (Penit.). di fodéin, PH 5918 . cruit ar timpan sin, nó cruit uirri bodein YBL 204a40 = BB 347b32 .

1 pl.

A frinn fanisin, Wb. 17b10 . dunn fanissin, Camb. Hom., Thes. ii 245.7 . frinn fesine, Wb. 17b12 .

B triund fodesin, LU 9241 . ca tir trebfaither linn fesin, CCath. 605 . dún fessin, MacCongl. 29.4 . din féin, Acall. 228 .

2 pl.

A triib fadéisne, Wb. 3b22 . duib fadisin, Ml. 68b3 . airib féisne, Wb. 27c19 . diib féisne, 13a26a0 . lib fesin 9d11 . uaib fesin, 27d6 .

B tucabair fuath dib fein = teipsum odio habuisti BCC § 18 .

3 pl.

A dib fadesin, Ml. 31b10 . doib fadesin, 72c14 . intiu fadesin, 53b11 . dib fesin, 129c18 . doib fesin, 53b11 . intiu fesin, Ml. 53d17 . 61b17 . leo feissin, Sg. 71b3 . leu fessin, Ml. 91a10 . treo fesin, Sg. 4b4 . uadib fesin, 188a20 . forru fesin, Ml. 73b17 . friusom fesin, 54c18 . samlaib som fesin `like themselves ' Ml. 57c5 . uadib féissne, Sg. 144a1 .

B fer dib buden one of themselves PH 141 . cech óenchéol ... dibside fessin, LU 2035 . intib féin, LU 2557 . 2633 . forru fein, for a sluagaib, SR 4466 . etarru fein ┐ eter a tuisechu, CCath. 254 .

(f) Following a subst. preceded by poss. pron. (exx. are arranged according to person and number of pron., but the adj. occasionally seems rather to agree with the noun, e.g. Wb. 33c5 (a doenacht fesine), and at least for some of the forms this may be the original usage. See Pedersen, Asp. i Irsk 93z ).

1 s.

A mo slántu fadéin ┐ slántu amicorum , Acr. 6b1 . mo saithar féin, Wb. 7a1 . im augtortas féin, 9b5 . manid chretim a esséirge et mo esséirge féinn, 13c10 . mo muinter féin, 14a5 . dofuthrisse a buith im gnáis féin ara hireschi (gl. quem ego uolueram mecum retinere) 32a9 .

B mo derbmbleoghan budhessin, ZCP iv 31 (scribe in Eg. 1782 , Flower Cat. 261 ). tar mo chend uodessin, YBL 327a39 . form ḟeoil fodein, SR 1542 . com thrichait chét fadéin, LU 4648 . mo ainm fodéin, TBC-LL¹ 1053 . láeg mo bo fadéin, CRR 3 . dim glinni fadein, LU 4696 . form dreichsea fodéin, 3892 . mo chuit fodéin, MacCongl. 95.2 . m'ainmsi fodén, 79.3 . mo thustidi féin LU 1682 . m'ainmse féin, 334T0 mo chubrendsa fein, LL 303a43 . mo chrod féin, 304a20 . mu rath féin, Acall. 371 . acam athair féin, 2270 . mo lebar fen, BCC § 34 .

2 s. B im do bruinnedalta uadhessin ; imot noebmathair uadhessin ; im do noebapstalu uadessin, YBL 326b33 ; 36 ; 53 ( Otia ii 94 § 9 , § 11 ; 95 § 19 ). im do noebhdisciplu fadein, Otia ii 95 § 19 . a forus do thigi fadein, Bürgschaft 27 § c . fogéba do dun fadéin, LU 208 . do brathair fadéin, LL 112b32 . cia hainmsiu fodén ?, MacCongl. 77.25 . do thorba fadeine, ZCP iii 29.28 . ni bé dot réir fodéne, Ériu i 197 § 15 . do gnima fessin, LU 10270 . dit daig fesni, 3372 . lessaig do sluaig [sic] fein, SR 3843 . dot imdegail féin LU 5027 . molad do gnima feine | tathair gnima do cheile, Ériu ii 228.5 . do mhathair feine, ZCP viii 109.11 .

3 s.

A ho[a] degnim som fadesin, Ml. 20b3 . a senchassom fadesin `his own tradition' Wb. 30c17 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, 6c19 . a chorp (acc.) fadesin, 13d20 . ho[a] faithsini fadesin, 33c17 . duarbaid a noibi fadessin Ml. 46d15 . dobert goiste imma bragait fadesin, 23b10 . is a indocbál fessin condieig cách acht Tiamthe, Wb. 23d5 . na cuinged a thoil fessin `let him not seek his own desire' 11b18 . mad cumme imned á cheli et a imned fessin, 20c6 . ni as a persain fessin rogab in salmso `it was not in his own person that he sang this psalm' Ml. 90b15 . nítat á airiltin fessin donarbaid in popul, 108b8 . taiccéra cách dara chen fessin, Wb. 6b28 . di hilib a cheneiuil fessin, Sg. 40a8 . a ai[n]mm féssin, 6a7 . di hilib a cheneiuil feissin, 40a6 ; 7 ; 11 ; 17 . as máthir a ṡotho feissin cach n-óenchrann, Sg. 65a6 . ni bu fua reir fesin boi som, Ml. 14b13 . nadndechuid ... huadsom dochum nDae acht duintarrae inna ucht fesin iterum, Ml. 54d3 . issa thorbe feisin són nammá `it is his own profit only' Wb. 12c25 . diróscai di hilib a cheneiuil feisin, Sg. 40a18 . inna aicniud feisin `in its own nature' 209b35 . a folud feisin, 211b3 . a ancride feisin immeḟolṅgai césad dó, 209b18 . ni a doenacht fesine rudanordan acht deacht, Wb. 33c5 (fem. agreeing with doenacht, Ped., Asp. i Irsk 93z and Thes. Suppl. Cf. 28d21 cited below under 3 pl. ). (f.) a ggnim feisne its [lit. her] own action Sg. 199a2 .

B fria menmain fadesin, Mon. Tall. § 21 . ina insi fadessin, § 4 . for a anmain fadesin ZCP iii 451.25 . a setig dano do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom that his wife also should do penance on her own behalf and on her husband's Mon. Tall. § 86 . an tíi connessai a pectha fadesin, Ériu vii 170 § 18 . tara thúaith fadesin, Críth G. 28 . a thir (a less) fadesin, 251 ; 252 . cóic ṡeóit a thige fadessin, 395 . nan inraic nech ina chais fadesin, Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . a charpat fadessin TBC-LL¹ 771 . lucht a chrichi fadessin, LL 262a14 ( MU² 42 ). cf. a sretha sét fadessnei, Críth G. 244 (poss. seems to refer to `āith' kiln). .l. ban a mná fodéin, LU 8375 . fó a réir fodein, 8622 . a gilla fadéin, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6.23 . co dún a athar budhéin, Acall. 1199 (verse). o[a] chotib fadén, MacCongl. 51.1 . ina beol (beolu) fodén, 65.9 ; 65.19 ; 67.9 . tria thóebán fodéne (fadéne, bodéine, budheine, v.l.), Fél. 352 . gaibid dó a chlaideb fessin attacks him (viz. Goliath) with his own sword SR 5874 (deibhidhe rime with : sin). a ara fessin, LU 8805 . coa mnaí fessin, 3267 . a aicned fessin, 9792 . tanic ... coa ferand duthaig fesin 3199 . tuargaib a tech ... co riacht a dirgi fesin inna cetna 8402 . dia argat fesin, AU 963 . roráidset ... a muinter féin fri Dauíd, SR 6358 . go rogaid Moisi ... forsin Ríg ... | coro léiced dó a chosc fein | 'sa timargain dia uagréir, 4127 . dia brathrib fein, 3147 . a chommaín féin, LU 2286 ( FA 34 ). béim da bíail féin, LU 8028 ( FB 77 ). a n-aimsir a bais fen BCC § 34 . fer a inaid fein, § 27 . cindus do beidis ... ina diaidh fen, § 33 . rena beo fen ib. (f.) a derbhráthair féin , Acall. 541 . a cuit féin, 2341 . léna muintir féin, 2162 . a cóir féine her own rights TD 24.1 .

1 pl.

A cf. ara[r] pecthaigi dano fesin, Ml. 105a4 .

B diar lessugud fodein, PH 6121 . dar ndeoin buden of our own free will Aen. 1575 . láeg ar mbó féin, CRR 5 . ar n-athair féin, Acall. 398 . asar ndúchus féin, CCath. 607 .

2 pl.

A for n-airchinnech féisne, Wb. 5a11 .

B do for feraib fodeisne, LU 1777 (= do for fer fodein, YBL 4b29 ). far n-ósarbráthair fodéin, SR 3587 . for n-eitteire féin SR 3504 . bhur bhfir féin, Acall. 976 .

3 pl.

A ised asbertis ba [a] nert fadesin immefolnged choscur doib ni bu Dia, Ml. 95a5 . dia luc fadesin, Sg. 154b1 . cen tíchtain á tíre fadesin, Ml. 34d12 . a rriuth aicneta fedesin, BCr. 18b12 . fo a réir fadésne, Wb. 5b3 . nach du Dia ... acht is dia neurt fessin, Ml. 46d10 . inna n-aicniud feisin, Sg. 188a18 . in teist dorat a fili fésine, Wb. 31b19 . a mmuintire fesine `of their own household' 28d21 (her ? Ped. takes fesine as fem. here, Asp. i Irsk 93y ). acuit inna forciunn feisne on their own termination Sg. 213a8 . is sairiu doib fognam dona ballaib ailib doib oldaas cid a fognam féisne, Wb. 12b2 . a tola féisne, 30d8 .

B a ndochoisci fadesin, Aipg. Cr. § 18 ( ZCP iii 451 ). inda leth fadessin, Mon. Tall. §64 . im rennaib ... a n-arm fodessin, LU 6287 . a n-echrada fadesin, 10591 . a n-indmassa dilse fadeissin, PH 6132 . do reir a n-uird uodessin, 336 . re comalta bodéin, Acall. 2145 . dia fíadnaib fein, LU 8550 ( FB 40 ). triana sualchib ... féin 2393 . assa corpaib fodéin, MU² 276 . ara bferaibh féin, Acall. 988 .

(g) After subst.

(α) preceded by article:

A act in duine fadesin (gl. quis enim scit hominum ... ?) Wb. 8b8 . in popul fadesin, Ml. 34d7 . in doini adordais inna idlu nō ind idail fadesin, 36d16 . ind nime fadesin `of the heaven itself' 51c27 . caingníme na forcitlaide fadesine `of the good deeds of the teachers themselves' Wb. 31d17 . as in talam fessin `from the earth itself' Ml. 45d13 . is dund salm fessin is ainm lessom `titulus', 74b1 . it hé inso boill ind senduine et is hé in senduine fessin, Wb. 27b8 . don chrunn fésin is nomen `buxum' ... ni don torud, Sg. 61b13 (cf. do chrunn fessin 61b8 ). atbelat sidi ┐ inna soinmecha fesin, Ml. 57a3 . tresin n-aimsir feissin .i. amal bid ind aimsir feisin, Sg. 188a26 . Cf. is nomen du[n?] chathraig fissin, Ml. 131c3 .

B forsin duini fadesin `the man himself' Ériu vii 138.4 . in file fodhesin, IT iii 96y . ar chairiguth ind uilc fadesin `to correct the evil itself' Ériu vii 162 § 5 . do laim in choimded uodessin PH 4770 . in Fathliaig fodessin, MacCongl. 93.7 . is i so in anamhain fodhen, IT iii 97 § 157 . lucht inotachta na cathrach badhdein those who enter the city itself Fl. Earls 100.6 . in cepp i mbai ind inneoin | is ind indeoin fodēine (: nārfēile), Rawl. 139b27 ( Ériu iv 110 = ┐ ind i. féni, LL 35a6 ). slān uaim don bith budhdēine | la Rīgh ngrēine os mithid, RC xxxvii 352 § 13 . fáilte in Comded fessin, LU 2125 . tri la ria samfuin ┐ tri laa iarma ┐ lathe na samna feisne, 3223 . in Comdiu féin, 2757 . forcraid cech baill do thinól ... corop isin bul[l]sa fein fogaba ciped ... dliges, 2584 . cidat falsi araile di ruinib na esergi ar is todochaide n-airchend ind esergi fein, 2614 . pl. Tuadhmhumha ... d'orccain lá Conchobhar M. ┐ la Gallaibh. na Goill feisne do theacht leis co Ross C., AFM iii 68.15 .

(β) without art.:

A (cf. qui in rectum non iudicio (.i. fadesin) ducuntur Ml. 51b16 , where the meaning may be `their own judgement or reason,' i.e. that of the mules ( Psalms xxxi 9 ); the ex. then belongs to f). cosmil fri Crist fessin a athir nemde, Wb. 13d13 . ol Priscien feissin `saith P. himself' Sg. 40a12 . i fogur Dae fessin, Wb. 25b19 . foirbthetu neirt fesin, Ml. 128d18 .

B airecht fodesin, one of the five `cenéla airechta': airecht fodesin, is a suidhi bīt brethemain co sē līnaib deec airecta umpu, ZCP xii 360 ( O'Curry 74 < H 3.18, 57b ). bairdne fadessin name of a metre, or a class of metres: IT iii 14 § 27 . admall ..., is bairdne fadeisin a ruidles .i. blogbairdne ┐ brecbairdne, etc. 22 § 67 . cf. 43 § 52 ( ar bairdni fesin, 109.17 ). duan fadesin name of a metre: duan fadesin ┐ duan cenélach ┐ forduan, etc. IT iii 12 § 18 ( duan fen, § 21 ; in 22 § 67 , 41 § 46 , this is simply duan) : cf. rii tuaithe, di feraib deacc do lessaib tuaithe folloing tuath fadessin fria taiscedhi `a king of a tribe, twelve men are supported by the territory on his excursions for the good of the territory' Laws iv 338.21 = Críth G. 599 , where the ed. reads: folloing ... thaiscidi, and renders `the tuath maintains himself (the king alone) for his private affairs' Mac Neill renders: `whom the tuath itself sustains' PRIA xxxvi C 306 . With npr., etc.: im Pettar fadheissin, Otia ii 95 § 23 . íasacht ṁbliadna do Dund Cualnge, ┐ ragaid lóg a íasachta dó ... .i. coíca samaisci ┐ Dond Cualnge fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 93 . Concobar fodessin, LU 8205 ( FB 15 ). is Día fadesne chuirius nech i bpianaibh, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 6 (= as e Dīa fein cuires pian ar duine, 132 ). bid marb Iacob fodein, SR 3603 . ro iarfacht Forainn fadein do | fiad in tṡlúag, 3293 . cortrascair grianan Bricrend ... co torcair Bricriu fodein ┐ a rigan, LU 8379 ( FB 25 ). Bricriu fodein LU 8178 . atrachtatar Ulaid im Chonchobar ... luid Conchobar fodein ... co D., MU² 191 . ro gaet Connla ic Ath leathan ocus Áth lethan bodhéin ... is Dun E. ... caidhi fochaind a claechlóigh?, Acall. 1189 (verse). Dia fa dhéin, , Dán Dé xxvi 39 . intan baí ic deiscin na n-én | Eua féssin, SR 2138 . Medb fessin, LU 8840 ( FB 62 ). marbais in Liath M. ... ech Ercoil ┐ noscengland Cu Ch. Ercoil fessin, LU 8929 ( FB 70 ; similarly LU 8922 ). Cu Chulaind fessin ┐ a ara, 10176 . Mac Dathó fessin, ScM. 6 . Forgall fessin, LU 10265 . fri tressaib Forgaill fessin, 10267 . pl.: iomaireacc ... eitir Chonnachtaibh féisin , AFM i 402.8 (= inter Connachta inuicem AU 798 ). Adam fein, SR 1303 . gaisced Conchobair féin LU 5048 . Dia féin, PH 7378 . ro chuirestair Eochaid eclacha ... d'iarraidh a mnae. dochuaidh Eochaid fein iar sin d'iarraidh Etaine, IT i 129.14 . adubairt Find féin, Acall. 1401 . fian Conáin. fian Oisín ... fiann Find féin, 1399 . pl. D., ri Alban, do marbad la hAlbanchu fein, AU 966 .

III In sense even: na cnuic fen even those hills BCC 18.4 . ar laoidh féin ni fagthar dath not even a poem is credited Content. vi 13 . aniu féin even now xxii 11 . With demons. : ni beith an dinite sin féin even that dignity BCC § 1 . an talam ud fein, § 26 .

The forms cadéin, cade(i)s(s)in, césin, céin, etc., are explained by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 153 ) as containing cia or cid with pron. and demons. They disappear early. In tabulating the forms according to usage the arrangement of the f— forms above is followed. The rendering even, also suits several of the exx.

I As subject of (virtual) copula clause:

3 s. B baí brathair laiss Long mac Ebonis cadessin, LU 6107 . Cf. is amlaid no imthiged Medb ┐ nói carpait fóthi ... da charpat rempe díb ┐ da charpat na diaid ┐ da charpat cechtar a da táeb ┐ carpat eturru ar medon cadessin, TBC-LL¹ 697 (Windisch supplies (a) before the last `carpat' and renders `ihr eigener Wagen in der Mitte zwischen ihnen'; the meaning will be brought out better if we add a comma after `eturru' and render and (her) chariot between them, that (was) in the middle).

3 pl. B Dal Cormaic Luisc in tres primslonnud eirrid cadesin Dál C. L. the third principal stem, these were chariot fighters Rawl. 118b42 (= errid cid in sin, LL 312a11 ). Ethne mathair ... Cormaic ┐ Niad Chuirp ┐ eirrid cadessine ib. 47 (= errid chatha sin, LL 312a17 . Cf. oldaas cid a fognam féisne, Wb. 12b12 . ro ergiset Conall ┐ Eogan. & cid iatside ropsat láma in net nathrach, LL 304b19 ( Bor. 113 )).

II

(a)

1 s.

A fuachaidsem ... fuachimm chein, Thes. ii 293.23 .

B atchí Bran | lin tond ... | atchiu cadéin (budhen v.l.) ... scotha, Imr. Brain 35 .

3 s.

A caraimse fos ... oc mu lebran ... caraid cesin a maccdán, Thes. ii 293.17 .

B dagéini dano Lethan fora áth ... anais cadessin ara chind Con C., LU 5314 . guitter dano Lath ... ara chend ... datuitside dano cadessin, 5986 . imtéit cadesin, Críth G. 601 . asbeir cadisin, Bürgschaft I § 53 . crich ína coisce guire noise ... adsuighe crích cadesin, Laws iv 142.24 . cf. ad-suide cadeissin, ZCP xvi 212.7 . indfine co .vii. firu dec: conranna [leg. —t ?] cadeissin finteda, Laws iv 284.7 .

3 pl.

A [cf. ni comalnatsom cid feissne recht, Wb. 20c22 ].

B imcomaircid na fāithe ele ... ┐ asbertatar cadissin: ticfa, etc. ZCP viii 312.32 . foíte días día thabairt ass ... fecsit cadesne for coí, LU 1773 . Cf. doforbartatar in dunat cadeissin, IT iii 239.145 .

(b) ref. to preceding infixed pron.:

? 1 s. B fritamgair céin, ACL iii 294 § 11 .

(c) ref. to suff. pron. 3 s. A gabsi cadessin abbaith `took himself as abbot' Thes. ii 242 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). But possibly the subj. of the verb is emphasized and the ex. belongs to II (a).

(d) in apposition to independent pron.

1 s.

A [cf. os me chene, Thes. ii 293.25 ].

3 s.

B [cf. laech uathmar ... folt dondchas fair, ossē lethgloir cadissin, TBC-I¹ 3302 (om. LL).

(e) after prep. pron.

1 pl. A is comadas duun chanisin, Thes. ii 246.4 (Camb. Hom.).

3 pl. A indib cadesin, Sg. 150b2 . ataat tuisil indib cadésin, 188a2 .

(f) after subst. preceded by poss.

1 s. A mu menma céin, Thes. ii 293.15 . im lín chéin ib. 21 . for mu mud cein, 294.4 .

3 s. B 'na mennat ceisni (: Feirtsi), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 54 (an archaising form on pattern of cadessin, Ed.).

feidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feidid or dil.ie/21462

Forms: fedid, fedme, dut-fidedar, fedir, fedar, fendar, nofeidtis, fedair

v O.Ir. forms : pres. ind. s. 3 fedid (gl. fert) Thes. ii 47.31 (Philarg). 1 pl. rel. a fedme (gl. circumferentes) Wb. 15b26 . Thurn. Hdb. § 693 , supposes an -ī- pret., cf. the compd. dut-fidedar, Thes. ii 242.13 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). Pass. pres. sg. fedir, Sg. 188a12 . rel. fedar, 210a4 . For : nad fedar (gl. feriuntur) Ml. 39d7 the editors of Thes. read : nad fendar = bendar (lenited b—). imperf. 3 pl. nofeidtis (gl. efferebantur) Ml. 54d12 . vn. fedan, q.v. In gen. sense brings, leads ; in Glosses translates Lat. ferre and compds. : cf. guta ... iersinni fédaid guth ind aonar carries (produces) (?) a sound by itself Auraic. 2737 . iersinni fedaid guth treotha anaonar, 2740 (but : doetait guth treothu, etc. 363 . Cf. fétaid). in troscud ... in costud febda fedes (: eress) `the excellent restraint which it brings (?)' Ériu ii 65.4 (feides .i. targudh v.l.). pass. tri fichit forc barc fedair , Leb. Gab.(i) i 110.7 (with gl. : .i. seascat ... long ar na tteglaim). forsail for fot fedair `forsail' is borne on a long [vowel] Auraic. 1546 ( ZCP xvii 298 ). fedur [sic leg.] athgabail ... i nduinib dia ditiun `distress is brought ... into forts to protect it' Laws ii 2.1 ( ZCP xvi 168 ). is bēsad ... do cach graig remitēt lāir ... rodfeither immoin ] = i mmóin ?], TBC-I¹ 3647 . Transf. refers, applies: fedir ... a ndíruidigthe dochum nacha rainne aile the derivative is referred to some other part [of speech] Sg. 188a12 . in tan feadair a hinsci choir fuirri when its proper gender is applied to it Auraic. 527 . fedair ... baninnsci for fearinnsci in tan asberar isī in gabur, 537 . feithis .i. tionóilis no tiomsaighis, O'Cl., may be due to a particular ex. of this vb. fedhair .i. dorenar is paid O'Dav. 828 seems meant for the vb. dofedhar in the quotation, but cf. fedhait co ndiablud fri taisiuc techta they pay (?) with the double Laws ii 56.5 Comm. fō cach fīr fedair fri fīadno, Bürgschaft 19 § 59 . Cf. fedait (.i. tiagait) ... fīr fo-rethar they adduce a proof that is supported ib. which may, in spite of the gloss, belong to this verb rather than to fethid. feich fedhair fri mīs, Ériu xiii 29.24 .

Cf. 2 fethid.

feidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feidm or dil.ie/21472

Forms: ḟedma, fedmuim, fedman, fedmand, fedma, fedmand, feidhm, feadhma, fedhmanna, ḟedhma, fedmanda

n n, n. later m. n s. féidm n -úag, SR 6837 . g s. ind ḟedma TBC-LL¹ 2967 . d s. fedmuim, Laws v 488.35 Comm. n p. fedman AU 821 . fedmand, LU 10816 (M). a p. fedma, LL 216a31 . g p. fedmand, LL 146a5 . feidhm, m. g s. n p. feadhma, IGT, Decl. § 41 . pl. also fedhmanna (canamain) ib. ex. 1134 . 1143 . The primary meaning seems to be load, stress, strain, passing into the senses of utmost effort, effort, exertion; burden, service, function . The transition may be illustrated by such an example as: buí f.¤ cuinge sesrige ina samthaig there was the load of a plough-team in its handle = it would take a plough-team to move ... LU 9191 ( FB 91 ). carraig ... a roibi f.¤ seisrigi do tharraing, TTebe 942 . Cf. fri ētnu dam bátár fedmand la firu Herend cosin n-aidchi sin. co n-aicces la lucht in tsíde fora formnaib. dogníth samlaid la E. ... is aice toísech tucad cuing for muinélaib dam, LU 10816 . is leis doradadh cuing for muinélaibh damh ar tús, ar is fria n-édnu na ndamh do bhíth a feidm gó sin, Cóir Anm. 103 . dam ro boí fon feidm, LB 60by . a n-ingeilt fo fedmu[i]m (of oxen) grazing while at work, under the yoke Laws iii 266.23 . .x. damu dagfedma ten oxen able for a heavy load (?) Ériu ii 4.7 . ba he feidm toisech doriacht an eclais a fh.¤ his (ox-drawn) load (of timber) was the first to reach the church Lism. L. 2558 . co ructha graige ┐ eti ┐ fedman iarmaib so that steeds and flocks and loads could be brought along them (of frozen streams and lakes) AU 821 . [doghniat] fedmunna ramhōra do thinol ... cu nach lugha inās in cnoc ... in dumha chonnaid fil aca they are gathering together great loads (of firewood) RC xliii 106.13 .

(a) strain, stress, effort, exertion, undertaking: f.¤ as mo, | comrac re Coin Culainn, TBC-LL¹ 3117 St. adfét scéla in mórfedma atconnairc enterprise (i.e. labor of constructing a causeway) LU 10826 . fri deiscin ind feadma dobertatar do dénam an tochair `the effort they put forth' Ériu xii 178.7 . Cf. TBC-LL¹ 758 St cited under feirtche. bíd féidm ferrda ocaib be of good courage PH 6504 . tresim fedma strongest of effort Auraic. 5556 . fedmanna ós niurt `exertions beyond one's strength' Tec. Corm. § 21 . da mbe in corp athach san uaig | a dhēchsain (sic leg.) is f.¤ firchruaid, ACL iii 239 § 27 . beg a f.¤ da degbois De | deilb dā tegdais small the effort for God's hand (?) 236 § 8 . ba f.¤ adbal d'oeinfer ... triall cosnama na cruinne, CCath. 4740 . tucsat f.¤ ferrda cacha fir furri cor chuirset assa tuinide in tromchloch, Acall. 2810 . tucsat a lāma ... chum na cloiche da tarraing ... ┐ ni raibe tarba issin trenfeidm ór nir ḟētsat a becc di, 2754 . briathra forránta, f.¤ tim `violent verbiage followed by feeble effort' O'Gr. Cat. 556.17 . dol re [a] gcosg ... fa feidhm ós cionn a bhfuluing, Content., xviii 71 . Folld. by qualifying subj. gen.: f.¤ cēt and do nirt he has the strength of a hundred TBC-LL¹ 1006 (= atā nert cēd ann, St). gegnaid banb ... ┐ nusberaid leo dia fuini ┐ a ḟ.¤ uili ann it was as much as they all could do = it took the whole of them (to carry it) ICM xiii Harl.

(b) work, service, duty, function (cf. d): ro forcongair ... for dam n-allaid ... in f.¤ sin do denam `ordered a stag to do that work' (i.e. to take the place of an ox at the plough) Fél. 72.28 . imāin na ndam dochom a fedhma dlighthi[gh] budein .i. a n-oibre, Laws v 136.15 Comm. ni f.¤ flatha nā fīrlaich duitsi aiscc feicheamnais do thabhairt ... `it is not the act of a prince in thee' MR 284.15 . na grāda do c[h]othugud | is f.¤ uasal mor aonfir, ZCP x 45. 4 . atá f.¤ ar leith ac cach aenḟer acaind a separate function Acall. 5460 . cret t'ḟeidm-si what is thy service ? 5465 . drong ... ic na bia f.¤ aili san cath acht a ngaire catha do tabairt, CCath. 5514 . bídh a ḟis ac [gach] aenduine díb cred is f.¤ dó, Maund. 202 . gach fear ag freagra a fheadhma, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . no geibhdis betha gan f.¤ ndaonda leó acht ernaigthe ... BNnÉ 320.22 . gan feidhm ndaor ar mhnaoi servile occupation Content. v 77 . do rinneas ... feidhm díbh I have done you a service xxix 4 . déanaidh feidhm don Tighearna = servite Domino TSh. 6767 . is é feidhm do-níodh an coileach dó, iarmhéirghe ... do choimhéad, Keat. iii 1120 . gurab contrárdha na feadhma iarras Dia ar na daoinibh ┐ an feidm iarras an saoghal (comm. on non potestis Deo servire et Mammonae) TSh. 9881 . do fedhmaim anmcharat function (obligations) of a confessor YBL 408a marg. sup. fer fedma steward (?): Finn .h. C., fer fedma ┐ ferannuis moir do righ Connacht ` agent ' ALC 1223 (p. 266z) .aes, lucht fedma soldiery; servitors, attendants: dochuir a glaslaith ┐ a aes fedma ... d'argain Aeda g., SG 66.28 . IT ii2 135. 325 . Oss. iii 162.7 . lucht fedhma an dunaigh, L. Chl. S. 11 . Folld. by defining gen.: denasa f.¤ gabunn act as smith Lism. L. 3783 . f.¤ a ngreagh uatha orra | longa lūatha ... on the swift ships they impose the function of their steeds (?) IGT, Decl. ex. 2140 . feidhm na gcogthach re cois long, | feidhm teanchaire i dtigh ghabhonn | ... tarla oraibh `god airdrígh, TD 19.16 . do bhamur ... a bhfeidhm ollamh in the capacity of ollaves KMMisc. 56 § 5 . ní fili ... | hí f.¤ eoluis ilcrothaigh in the practice of various kinds of knowledge ZCP iv 237. 11 = Leb. Cert. 236 . ni faict[h]e ise fri f.¤ a lēiginn ┐ a grēsa, ACL iii 308 , VI 12 . f.¤ n-eclastacda, YBL 166b5 . i bfeidhm na súiste `wielding the flail' O'Gr. Cat. 532.7 .

(c) of a warlike effort or strain (often in broad sense of attack, onset, defence, etc.): cach f.¤ catha ┐ comlaind ... dingebatsa díb uile sin, Acall. 5462 (corresp. to: eigen catha v.l.). do réidhighedh láithir iombuailte dona ... miledhibh sin ar go bhfesdís fein f.¤ comhlainn a chéile, B IV 2, 146b19 . feidhm na leirge a aonar air, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 104 . ar a angbaigheacht i n-ionadh fedhma `his valour in the field of conflict' AFM v 1778.15 . lá feadhma day of stress, battle Ir. Monthly 1927, 552 ( 23 L 17, 81b ). an bhuidhean ... bhíos iomad i n-am ḟeadhma `in time of stress' TD 21.6 . re hinnarba cach fedma ┐ cach foreigne `to repel every attack and violence' MR 160.23 . f.¤ catha `exertion of battle', duty of service of a warrior in battle: dober-sa m'ḟ.¤ catha ... la P. I will exert my battle-strength with P. CCath. 1121 . do tabairt a fedma catha ┐ comluind leo `to give them their help in battle' Cog. 74.24 . rogabsat ... a ffedhmanna catha forra, ZCP xiv 231.16 . ro ba cruaidh in comthuargain ... doronsat ... ic gabail a fedmann catha forru, CCath. 5907 . ro láa ... fortocbhail a fedhma catha forru, 2016 . mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha, Marco P. 61 . (for gabáil fedma cf. co ngabad feidm fois that it should undertake the duty of stillness (?) Ériu iii 14 , but in the instances above there may be the notion of standing up to the stress of battle, taking punishment). cia dib no laccadh a fedm catha whose battle force was weakening CCath. 5975 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathaib iat, ┐ a feidm catha forro, ┐ a ndruim riu, Cog. 176.23 . ro-ordaigh C. a ffedhmanna catha for na curadaibh assigned to the warriors their duties ZCP xiv 240.4 [or does this belong to (b) ?]. Cf. cur fedma: ní lamh cách ... luadh cogaidh ná cur feadhma, TD 21.39 . cur feadhma dóibh risan druing | sluagh T. ní budh tualuing, 2.11 . g s. as attrib.: nertlia do chloich ḟedhma , ZCP viii 543.8 . bertais a eire fedma leis da trelamh ghaisgidh (i.e. as much as he could carry) TBC-LL¹ p. 303 n. 5 . tuc fuirmed fedma do gae ... air `a strenuous thrust' TTebe 2817 . tuc fuirmeadh feadhma ... fuirre (lifting a heavy stone) ML 2y . is fis fedma `a labour it is to learn' Metr. Dinds. ii 62 . pl. tucad leo fedmanda fillti for bogadaib bending strains (i.e., they strained bows to test them ?) TTebe 1275 . re haidhbhliu na fedmann no fuilngitis of the stresses CCath. 5872 . ag airiúghadh an ḟeadhma sin perceiving their labor (of men lifting a stone) ML 2.20 . Common in chevilles: f.¤ n-úag, SR 6837 . f.¤ as uaisliu, Fél. Jan. 21 . f.¤ ngle, BB 51a30 . f.¤ as détlu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . f.¤ ngialla, MR 204 . Transf. of persons: in Congenchnesach ..., in f.¤ nach fuiliṅgther, TBC-I¹ 2205 . gurab é an feidhm nach fuloingther ... .i. Fer Diadh, ZCP x 276.7 .

(d) use; efficacy, cf. (b): mór a bhfeidhm i n-aimsir the | d'fionnḟuaradh ceathra is daoine (of rivers), Content. vi 71 . Cf. ní feidhm do an Ghaoidheilg do léaghadh ... gan a bfios do bheith aige do mheabhair `without having them by heart it is a vain effort for him to attempt [he will not be able for] the reading of Irish' O'Gr. Cat. 630.24 . bíd drong ... doitheagaisg ann, ionnus nach bí feidhm ... an bás do bhagar orra so that it is no use threatening them TSh. 554 . dogní f.¤ de (re), makes use of: is é feidhm do-nídís do sheicheadhaibh na dtarbh, Keat. ii 5441 . nachar bhfer feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é the man to use a helmet O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 .

benaid f.¤ de makes use of; causes to work: ag buain fheadhma dá eachraidh, RC xlix 173 § 33 .

atá f.¤ ar there is use for; need of: ní ḟuil feidhm ar th'iomarbháigh your arguing is needless (useless) Content. xxii 31 . dá mbeadh f.¤ ar .ae. do leathnughadh if it were needful to broaden `ae' IGT, Decl. Introd. 7.6 . ní haige an muinntir a tá slán a tá feidhm ar an líaigh, Matthew ix 2 . ort o nach bfuil a bfeidhm since they have no use for thee Carswell 24.11 . an uair nach roibhe f.¤ ar chlogat ag énduine, agus dá mbiadh nach aigesion do bhiadh f.¤ riu, O'Gr. Cat. 510.24 . fuair feidhm ar a ghuidhe `he found his prayer efficacious' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.28 . Without AR: is móide ata féidhm againn Dia do ghuidhe, Eochairsg. 17.21 . d'ḟ.¤ of use, needful (with AR of pers.): go bhfoighe an ghloir ṡiordhaidhe ┐ gach ní atá d'ḟeidhm air dochum a faghala, Ó Héodhusa 224.10 . na neithi do bhí df.¤ orra do bhreth leo, Mac Aingil 64.17 . éin-rí ... dob ḟearr d'ḟ.¤ d'Éirinn ná Niall of greater service to Content. v 70 . Cf. má do chuireas d'ḟ.¤ orra cuaird ... if I have constrained them to search xiv 19 . Hence with obj. gen. need, necessity, occasion: ní bhí feidhm lóirghníomha air, Mac Aingil 303.13 . do gach duine do beith 'na feidhm who might need it BCC p. 132.16 . Cf. mainnear i bhf.¤ a faire adhbha an anma in need of guard (?) Studies 1931, 81 . ag so an fáinne i bhfeidhm na ndrol ib. cor faesma .i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma ... ┐ ní ar feidm gaire o geilfíne, Laws iv 62.4 .

Compds. ¤láidir strong of effort, energetic: fuirmeadh feidmlaitir, TBC-LL¹ p. 95 n. 1 St. fer foirtill feidhmláidir, AFM vi 2258.9 . gluasacht ... go foisdineach f., ML 64.17 . -nertmar id.: a fhlaith ... fedmnertmhar `mighty in enterprise' Aen. 1850 . a fiodhbhacaibh ... feidhmnertmara, AFM vi 2130.5 .

fo-temadar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-temadar or dil.ie/24149

v (3 s. pres. subj. dep. ?) : ba si baes [ = báos B IV 2, 138b ] fomtemadar | eter lesuib land, | locān āluind iladlan | ┐ me am aonar and, Ériu i 138.27 = ba sí in crích fri duailchiu, ii 56.15 . Cf. caintemadar may He guard (us) well Hy i 2 , and see temathar.

1 muirn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 muirn or dil.ie/32795

Forms: muirn, moirn, muirnn, múirn, muirni

n f. muirn moirn, IGT Dec. § 14. Occas. spelt muirnn (-nd): in LB often múirn.

(a) a loud confused or tumultuous sound , esp. that produced by a multitude, armed host, combat, etc. atchuala H. m.¤ ┐ sésilbi int ṡlóig, LL 243a30 (TTr.). ra chualatar muad-m.¤ in mórslúaig dochum in baile, CRR 53. ba hamnus m.¤ ┐ sai toi na curud . . . ic immditin a ngae ┐ a sciath, RC xii 98 § 131. ro cluinset mu[i]rn in morshluaig, Aen. 1939. bui muirnn occus seselbi isin cath . . . .i. buirfedach na fer, iachtad na miled, etc., Ériu viii 177.17 . ba hadbul m.¤ ┐ sesilbe na Rómanach oc tobach in chísa, LB 149a59 . rom-duiscther-sa as mo chodlud imon mormuirn, Aen. 531. ro bai a mac alla isna trachtaibh re med a muirni (of a combat), 993 . metighter tairm tuinni . . . cosmaile na muirne . . . ┐ seselbe na sochaidhe, TBC-LL¹ 5611 (St.). pl. atcluinti . . . geran na galgat ┐ cuadan na curadh ┐ muirni na miled, CCath. 5945. Of natural sounds: ind Etáil . . . muir a timchell cona m.¤ , Rawl. 78b37 . co clos a muirnd ┐ a ngair (of sea-waves), Aen. 229. tic in gæth . . . cona siansan ┐ cona m.¤ moir, 238 . tipra Chonnlai ba mór m.¤ `loud was its sound', Metr. Dinds. iii 292.9 . m.¤ gach lonnsrotha, BNnÉ 148.14 . ra m.¤ moir contuilim-si (of sound of a river), Anecd. ii 23 § 4. Of music: m.¤ na murduchand mara ` chant ', Metr. Dinds. iii 190.15 .

(b) met. a troop, band (of warriors): marcṡlóg na tuaithe Tesaldai cenmothá mormúirnd na mílead Maicedondai, Alex. 302. co ros-laiset a saithe saiged . . . frisin múirnd moir Maicedondai, 245 ; cf. 24 . m.¤ .i. buidhean, O'Cl. muad-m.¤ .i. mórbuidhean, ib. (cf. CRR 53 cited above). Cf. also follg.: cúic scéith, . . . cúic eich, cóic mná, mór a muirnn (of a tribute), Leb. Cert. 128 z (= in ṁuirn BB). fichi cornn . . . fichi moghaidh, m.¤ n-uabhair `a proud troop', 158.21 . an mhuirn . . . dá dtug annsacht the folk whom he had loved, PBocht 121 § 20.

(c) high spirit, ardour, exuberant energy . ropo mór far m.¤ 'sin chath | i n-agid na Fomorach, TFerbe 615 (`Schaar' Wind., see b). nā bíd laech cen arm, | nā rop maeth a m.¤ , LL 148b47 = KMMisc. 270 § 49. ro choiscfind-sea co luath do muirnn fora ta `I should soon have chastised him out of his present ardour', Aen. 1085. cét bliadhan damh fa m.¤ | am' séghdha hseabaic hsulghuirm (of Fintan mac Bochra), Anecd. i 28 § 27. ba mor ar meisneach 's ar m.¤ , Duan. F. i 9.28 . ? mac Fiachuidh moir na muirne, LL 396.14 . m.¤ ┐ menmanradh na macraidhe, AFM v 1278.2 . a muirnn, a misnec[h] ┐ a mileatacht, MR 314.18 . As quasi-vn.: bheith ag m.¤ dá múraibh `to be exulting ', ML 78.18 .

(d) often of festive mirth, gaiety, jollity, sometimes passing into objective sense of conviviality, good cheer, etc. gáir muirne is gáir meda, Metr. Dinds. iv 368.16 . buí Eamhain lán do mhuirn is do mheadhair, Content. xxviii 49. triath budh mhór m.¤ is meadhair, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 44. i dtigh Thaidhg ní thraothfa ar m.¤ , Gofraidh Fionn i 25 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). docer do dán, a meic righ Raighne . . . caide na cuirnn no caidhi in mh.¤ | do bi cot' athair?, ZCP xii 291.2 = Keat. iii 3423. ní threceb mo thratha . . . for aba ḟledōil no múirne dímaínige in domnáin, LB 273b69 . falchaid met bar muirni amuig | cen chuimni fon ēc acuib the exuberance of your spirits shuts out the remembrance of death, ACL iii 239 § 24. ní fuil uasal nó íseal | nach léir ina theach m.¤ mhór | ima seach cuirm is cómhól, MS. Mat. 564 y (poem by Cucoigriche Ó Cléirigh † 1664). ní do mhúch m.¤ na n-oireacht (of death of a chieftain), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 340.24 . truagh nach ránag eárr na haoise | sul dochonnarc do mhuirinn [leg. mhuirnn?] fá mhaoithe (to Dún Iasc after the death of its lord), Keat. Poems 1486. tú it'aonar . . . | anocht gan mhoirn gan mheadhair (to Dún na nGall), Measgra D. 56.55 . Possibly also in follg.: roddet mil, roddet crut[h]nec[h]t, | roddet muirn ic dainib de, | roddet cuirn, roddet cruithne `there was yielded affection in people too' (? the hearts of men were gladdened thereby), Ériu viii 67.11 (poem attributed to Flann Fína † c. 704).

(e) favour, affection, esteem (late use): mairg mhellus m.¤ in tsaoghail `whom love of the world deceives', O'Gr. Cat. 357.19 (poem by Gofraidh Fionn Ó Dálaigh † 1387; line 22 follg.: flaithemnas mór ar muirn mbic suggests rather the sense d; see quotation from same author given under that head). ní bhi oirn . . . d'onoir acht moirn uaibh d' fhaghail to gain your favour, Irish Texts ii 84 § 20. mairg darab soirbh an saoghal, a mhoirnd is mairg do ghébhadh, Carswell 246. d'énní dá tucas mo thoil . . . nír dlígh mé méid mo muirni I should not have given so much love, O'Gr. Cat. 347.8. dlighter dō díograis muirne `warmth of lovingkindness', 475.15 . drong ó bhfuighinn . . . sgoth mhuirne ar ḟeadh m'aimsire `the choicest favor', TD 15.12 . an óige . . . biaidh sise fá mh.¤ ag cách (youth) will be in favour with all, Measgra D. 72.10 = O'Gr. Cat. 523.21. go raibhi duine uasal . . . fá mhúirnn mhóir agan rígh, Mac Aingil 104.9 . méad na muirne do bhí ag Dia air the greatness of God's love for him, TSh. 340. With obj. gen.: ná traothadh Dia a mhoirn mháthar `His mother-like love' (? His love for His mother), PBocht 11 § 24. do mhuirn dá mhac for love of his son, 47 § 7 . As quasi-vn.: ic m.¤ ima mac fondling her son, RC v 199.4 . In concrete sense object of favour or love, darling: Aodh mac C. . . . muirn ┐ ordan Dal cCais, AFM ii 864 z . trí buadha Breagh ┐ trí muirne Midhe (of persons), ML 80.8 . Cf. muirnín.

oenar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oenar or dil.ie/33521

n o, m. a compd. of oen+ fer, Thurn. Hdb. § 387 , but see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 136. énar áonar , IGT Dec. § 11 (p. 55.1) .

(a) a single individual, one alone ; strictly of persons only, used of both sexes and numbers, generally as appositional dat. with poss. pron., referring to a noun or pron. expressed or implicit (as subj. or obj. of vb.), in sense alone, by oneself : ni fil nech and . . . acht meisse m'oínur save I alone, Wb. 5a25 . mé i ndaire . . . m'oenur i tirib anheoil, SR 3180. m'aenur dolod forsin mbith, m'aenur ragad de, Ériu ii 56 § 14. don- úadhus m'oenur é, Cóir Anm. 70 (p. 320.18) . nā hadair dee bréci, acht me féin m'aenur, PH 7311. domroiched for rith soithech . . . co roich m'oenar moch, ACL iii 232 § 2 (`that it may reach me betimes', Ériu vi 113 ). tusu t'oínur, Ml. 78b18 . ní nad roichet Ulaid uli, rosoichi-siu th'óenur, FB 11. ni fil cuit . . . acht duit-siu th'óenur, SCC 6. it' agaid-sea th'oenur against thee alone, PH 8194. arná dernae tré báegul | m'óenur t'óenur ar Demun, Ériu i 198.6 (= lest you find yourself tête- à-tête with the Devil? Prob. a cant phrase). a oinur, gl. (qui finxit) singulatim, Ml. 53a9 . ro marb tríar for trichait díb a oenur, SCC 36. curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 4.128 . dérgud do Máel D. a óenur ┐ dérgud cach triir dia muintir a separate couch for M., LU 1815 ( RC ix 490.12 ). níro rathaig nech díb aní sin acht Fand a hoenur, SCC 45. noí carpait fóthi a oenur for her special use, TBC-LL¹ 695. napad airib far n-oínur for yourselves only, Wb. 22d25 . is la demnaib a n-oenur a airichas, FA 29. ro bu la filedu a n-aenur brei- themnus, Laws i 18.12 .

léicid . . . a oenur leaves . . . alone, does not meddle with: léic he a oenur, PH 3356. leic a oenur in fognam give up serving, RC xxiv 192.18 . leac[ad] iarsin a n-imrom a aenur they desist from rowing, RC ix 18.15 .

With omission of poss. pron.: cen nech n-aili . . . acht se oenur 's a óenben, SR 1888. in duine fodein aonur, Laws i 270.22 . do Coinculaind aenur, Ériu i 120.2 . leic aenur in mignim desist from the evil deed, TTebe 2130 . d'ar ndéanamh dheit éanar to make us Thine only, Dán Dé xvi 22.

Later with prep. i n- and poss. pron.: tucus-[s]a a m'oenur amus fair, PH 3840. tusa at'aonar , Ériu ii 56 § 13. mac mheic Concubhair . . . ní hÉirionnach 'na aonor `he is not a mere Irishman', Ériu v 64.2 . ní maith an duine bheith 'na áonar , Gen. ii 18.

Rarely as subst. one person : ni fortreisi oeth oenuir ardmius ilmile . . . .i. ni treisi toimdin a sochaide oldass luighe n-aonfir `the oath of one man', O'Dav. 36.

(b) occas. in sense of oneself, of one's own accord, without external agency ; esp. of things. noda-sínet na claidib a n-óenur, BDD 76. conda-samaigetar [na trualli] impu a n-oenur (the sheaths) encase (the swords) of themselves, 95 . con- acca in muilenn for bleith a oenar, Lism. L. 2001. gach glas iata . . . da oslaicead 'na haenar, ZCP v 24 § 3. sicip leth tíassat ind ocdaim a n-oenar, Trip. 252.27 . co n-erbail a aonar died a natural death, Leb. Gab.(i) i 202.20 . coro marbhtha iad idir nō go n-eiblidis a n-aenar do ghorta, AFM vi 2074.11 .

(c) in late texts occas. in the construction: is o.¤ dom I am alone, solitary . cona bad aenur do i[n] céin no biad immalle fris, D IV 2, 73vb6 . aonar dhamhsa eidir dhaoinibh, Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 1 . Cf. Ó hEachaidh ní háonur leis | ceis cheathair fhaobhar re ais Ó hE. is not lonely while his harp is beside him, IGT Introd. § 18.

(d) in mod. lang. the gen. aonair is used as an adj. = lonely, solitary : Carrig na C. 'na fothraigh aonair a lonely ruin, D. MacCarrth. 4.27 . See Dinneen s.v. aonair.

1 sella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sella or dil.ie/37065

Forms: seallad

n m.(Eng. or Romance loan-word) a cell, a private apartment, a booth : seallad gl. sellarium, Ir. Gl. 741 . drong mór do mnaiph ┐ d'feraiph a seomraidhibh ┐ a seallaidhiph airgid ┐ oir, Aisl. Tond. 141.y . chum an tsella, SG 3.24 . tangattar na braithre . . . asa selladhaibh amach . . . ┐ no theiccdis . . . dochum a selladh, BNnÉ 49 § 30 . bói Maodhóg . . . ina aonar isticch ina sealla, 213 § 77 . co scaildis fo shellaidibh ┐ seomradaibh (of courtiers), Marco P. 84 . cu seomradhuibh ┐ sellaidhibh . . . ana ndenuid creic ┐ cunnraid, 100 . ar an adbur sin is maith codlad annsna seallaib annsan aimsir sin, RSláinte 2987 . do cuired sé a n-airde 'n-a s.¤ fen íad os cind na leptha (of books), BCC 218.9 . gluaisios D. as a shealla ina raibhe ag aitreabhadh aimsear fhada, Desid. 227 . gur thaisbénadar dhamh na sealluidhe . . . atáid san mhainisttir, 5276 . inar tteampluibh ┐ inar sealladhuibh priobhaideacha, Luc. Fid. 211.7 .

slóg, slúag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. slóg, slúag or dil.ie/37981
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: slúagh, slógh, sluag

n o, m. slúagh, slógh m., IGT Decl. § 96 . a host, army : a nimbed són ind sloig gl. hostium agmina, Ml. 62b20 . luide dia thosun (? leg. thofun) som co sluag . . . luid hi telaig ba nessam dind slog, 55c1 . senchrib cona slúag, 95a12 . sluag gl. agmen, Sg. 20b1 . inna ilslogu the many hosts, Tur. 110a . maidith in sluag forna doirsi[u], Sc.M² 18 . mebais riam forsna slógu, LU 3791 ( SCC 36 ). dothíagat int shlúaig a dún Chrúachan, TBFr. 54 . fer forgaib éclann ar bélaib slúaig, Críth G. 558 . tubadh sloig fo mendad `the attack of a host upon a house', Laws i 266.20 . sernsat ┐ immsit na slóig impu, TBC-LL¹ 542 . slúag do thérnam a cath, CRR 5 . is amlaid tanic Iudas ┐ slog mor imalle fris co cloidmib ┐ sabaib, PH 3080 . sdiuir, a Dhomhnaill, na sluaigh soir | buail do ghormloinn ar Ghallaibh, DDána 74.33 . gur thionól . . . sluagh líonmhar . . . ┐ do rinne ceann sluaigh da dhalta ┐ tug féin go n-a sluaighthibh ucht ar Mhuimhneachaibh, Keat. ii 4800 . Used, like lín, in apposition to the subject of the sentence: Muiris Mac Gearailt . . . do dhul, sluagh, a Tir-Chonaill, AU ii 312.10 . do chóidhset sluagh for Uibh Méth ┐ ruccsat bú, AFM ii 1154.8 . tiocfa, mar tháinig Séasáir | . . . | slóigh nach urusa d'áireamh `he will come . . . with a following difficult to number', TD 24.34 .

Hence throng, crowd, company, assembly : clu coitchenn na tíre ┐ foirgell an tsloigh dá derbadh the public, O'D. 1697 ( H 2.12, 1 ). ó rachus tar trí nonburaibh do ní in slogh fair, ib., `if it goes beyond 27 persons it constitutes a slóg' (Plummer MS. notes). a Íssu not-guidiu | ar écnairc na slógsa (of the company of saints), Fél. Prol. 266 . is tú banḟlaith buidnib slūaig `with banded hosts' (sc. the monks and nuns of Kildare), Hail Brigit 1 . roingantaigset na slúaigh anísin (of the gods at Peleus' feast), TTr.² 356 . gor creitset in sluagh gan acht | grigair triasan cantairecht the people, ZCP viii 14 § 14 . uli slogu na nIúdaide eter óc ┐ t-shen, PH 186 . ar shliabh Síóin, lá na sluagh `the Judgement-day', Measgra D. 65.25 . gur bó maol guala gan brathair ┐ nách sluacch neach ina aonar , AFM v 1804.3 . suidhmidne ar slios na faithche | na sluaigh theagair thiomsaighthe (of a company of poets), TD 8.11 . congair a sluaig din chaill chéir (of birds), Mart. Tall. 94.13 . in sluag ucud on dernad in erchoid (of a swarm of bees), Ériu v 234.41 . Folld. by defining gen.: slogu inna maccradh isnaibh meallmuigib, Ériu ii 124 § 69 . slúag már martir súabais, Fél. Feb. 2 . Muirenn . . . ┐ sluagh mór cléirech uimpe, TFrag. 214.23 . ro-artraig in slog demun ina smút chéo immpe, PH 7237 . an sluagh sidhe so i nEamhuin, L. Cl. A. B. 94.1 . do shlógh iarnuidhe Ioffoirn, Aithd. D. 53.9 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns: ¤acallam vocative case of collective nouns : slúagh-agalluimh ann so, Ériu ix 93.1 . ¤art (see 3 art): secht cet tri bliadna bladaig | . . . | gan gabail re slogart sleag, MacCarthy 316 § 5 . ¤barr: a chend slúag-barr `leader of the host', Metr. Dinds. iii 114.63 . ¤bann: a llechta fri slúagbann slatt | i crích Gúaland atcondarc `with deeds of war and rapine', Metr. Dinds. iii 112.39 . ¤blad martial renown : nert nónbair samlaid | fri slog-blaid i Sen-Garmain, Metr. Dinds. iii 244.40 . ¤bolad: tuargabad in crand-sin | co slúag-balad sinnsir `diffusing patriarchal perfume', Metr. Dinds. iv 214.66 . ¤buiden a company : slogbuidne mor-longphuirt Poimp, CCath. 4434 . ¤chrech: gidh bé mheasas mionca a sluaigh-creach | tar slios tíre, DDána 111.15 . ¤dorus: leim re crannaib na sleg tar sluagdorus in baile, Acall. 5821 . ¤duine warrior : a Eochaid, a shlógduine, FDG² 20.611 . ¤dún: fri sreith iar slecht na s., SR 4550 . ¤fhairche: i measg sluagh-fhairche bhfear bhFáil, DDána 117.19 . ¤fhedan: a mhaca samhla . . . | ní feas do shluaighfheadhuin B., L. Cl. A. B. 147.52 . ¤fher a warrior : Suuithun sruith sluagfer, Gorm. July 15 . ¤lín: slóighlíon d'óighshíol Ghoill is Ghaedheal, Hackett xi 29 . ¤muirer a weighty host : fuil Róisteach na s. sraoineach, xxxix 271 . ¤nem hostful heaven : Felic seim co slognem, Gorm. Nov. 15 . ¤rechtaire: is hé ba rondaire ┐ ba sluaghrechtaire fer nErenn, Dinds. 119 ( RC xvi 71 ). ¤ king of a host : ar sluaighrí sídheine, Aithd. D. 4.13 . ¤shirid: sluaighṡirthe calma ó gConuill `valiant raiders of Conall's race', TD 2.13 . tiocfaidh . . . slóighshirthe go Banbha Bhreagh, L. Cl. A. B. 152.55 . ¤thend: and ata in slúag-thend `the host-attended warrior', Metr. Dinds. iv 204.23 . ¤thech house for a host, billet : slúagthigi sithfhata, MU² 202 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤apaid: dream shlúaghabaidh chaithmhe cruidh with ready hosts, L. Cl. A. B. 270.51 . ¤armach: in crobuaile cat[h]a sin, in sit[h]muine sluagharmach `the host-armed brake', CCath. 5378 . ¤búadach: Abisolón slóg-buadach, SR 6932 . ¤daith: crand as cach ḟid óg-maith | ball s. fri sílad `a limb prolific for propagation', Metr. Dinds. iv 214.48 . ¤dil: rí slógdil rosaer cen len beloved of hosts, SR 7405 . ¤dírmach: in Mórrígan mórda | ba s. sámda `the mighty M. whose pleasure was in mustered hosts', Metr. Dinds. iv 198.36 . ¤mer: Poimp ┐ Séasar sluaighmhear having swift hosts, DDána 121.14 .

tóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tóir or dil.ie/41242

Forms: tooir, tóir, táir, tórach, toraig

n i, ā, f. (? Originally disyllabic: Dia ar tooir, derbait mail | ro delb cech cooir comlain, SR 1101. ) Vn. formation from *to-fo-reth-. fóir tóir táir, IGT Decl. § 42 . Later g s. tórach, Caithr. Thoirdh. 143.10 . d s. toraig, ALC ii 118.15 . Cf. 2 fóir, fóirithin, tóirithin.

I

(a) act of helping; help, assistance: tóir .i. fóirithin, O'Cl. tūath tōir `Hilfe von Völkerstämmen,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 29 § 28 . targa fortacht De for t.¤ , SR 3631 . rí rosáer, segda a t.¤ , 7333 . ruc leis methil mogda móir, | mór a t.¤ fri cobra cain, Metr. Dinds. iii 380.10 . ní fúair t.¤ ná tessarcain, iv 46.52 . torlach .i. luagh tóire dobeir fine dia tuisech ar a t.¤ , O'Curry 121 ( H 3.18, 74a ). to thet chenel do thoir araile, O'Curry 796 ( H 3.18, 370a ). suail na-tised toir, Ériu vii 227 § 63. acht cland da Conall iar coir | tall mar torand dar toír treín, BB 45a2 . ? To this: othras .i. fo thoir ūais .i. a thoir fo uaissle, Corm. Y 1035 . rop-sa mind ar tressa t.¤ | dia mba i cind mic Nessa náir, LL 150a27 .

In phr. t.¤ i n-éim (see 2 éim) timely help: is teóir (tóir, v.l.) i neim a derb-chomalta ... cid teoir i neim duitsiu é, ní ba teóir anéim dúnni, TBC-LL¹ 2970 . dom ficibsa cobuir cōir | fo bithin is tōir a n-ēimh, ZCP x 47.22 . ba toir aneimh dhósomh ... an lucht sin, Hugh Roe 290.z .

In phr. fri t.¤ as assistance (often used as cheville): ros mathig fri toir uas dinn | cathir coir fa gabulrind, SR 6663 . cia dobertha dam frim th.¤ | a ben cét n-unga ṅdergóir, 6033 . batar hili slóig a scuir | fri t.¤ don tabernacuil, 4580 . in lind fria toir as cech maig | doḟuc doib asind ailig, 4067 . in ri rofáidi fri t.¤, | do chlannaib aibni Iacóib, 3825 . cid canat tonna, toirm trén | cen nach lén lonna fri t.¤ , 7898 . secht míli trénfer fri t.¤ | ructha i mbrait ṁBabilóin, 7205 . nibtar foichligthi fri t.¤ | ro cro[i]chligthi fo chetóir, 3557 . fri t.¤ a mmuintire, AU i 434.14 = do foirithin, AFM ii 588.16 . Cf. rí rosáer fri treba tóir, SR 7317.

(b) armed help, reinforcement; host: ní fuil do thoír nā do thinōl 'na farrad acht hē féin ina aonar , ZCP xiii 234.2 . ro curit techta ... uathib, do thinol toreach ┐ socraidi cucu, Cog. 150.18 . is mile fer rob e a thoir (: nglōir), Ériu viii 14.33 . do-chímse nach teann bhar dt.¤ | gleann an bhróin an tír-se i [dtáir], DDána 45.2 . riasan t.¤ ndeidenaigh, AFM ii 588 17 . dochuaid Cormac ... 'na toir ┐ 'na thinol, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 .

(c) pursuit to rescue a `creach'; pursuing party: tusa an chreach deisidhe ... ┐ as misi an toir, ZCP x 285.x . dorinne doraidh (leg. tōraig) maith, dar fhasto moran do'n creich, AU ii 464.3 . M. ... do mharbhadh i toraigheacht na ccreach ... ┐ brathair do Mac an Mileadh do ghabhail don toraigh iaromh, AFM iii 556.19 . cur gabsat crecha mora ┐ airgne, ┐ toir mor do breith forra, Ann. Conn. 1306.4 . nacham don t.¤ ná don chreich, Content. xvi 3 . ní gaol creiche ciomhsa a dtíre | Teallach nEachach, anba an t.¤ , Studies 1939, 635.27 . ní hí an chreach atá gan t.¤ , Aithd. D. 84.26 . ó ghabhais le h'ais an chreach 'sgur bhuinis í dhon t.¤ , Hackett xxiv 21.

II

(a) pursuit: ōtá sein ba tolgda in t.¤ | co Inber Colptha achētóir, Fianaig. 48.13 . feinnigh cró fa tenn ar toir, LL 394.43 . ba gein gleccach fri cech t.¤ `on every chase,' Metr. Dinds. ii 14.50 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain | táin dá breith a mbernaidh bhig, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . rug a chraísech chráebh n-uaine | taísech úaine a táebh thóire, ex. 1205 . trom an t.¤ ar dhamh ndroibhéil | sagh coiléir óir í Alúin, ex. 934 . ní bhéaraidh ar mhnáibh da moille | táir ar bhféaghain chloinne Céin, TD 29.7 . béaraidh t.¤ ar fhuil Ádhaimh, Aithd. D. 88.31 . leadarthach na ladrann gan tlás le t.¤ , Hackett xviii 21 . ar saoradh uadha gan eagla tóra, Mac Aingil 87.14 . i dt.¤ in pursuit: imda ríograd imma lecht | rop líonmar oc techt nár t.¤ , SG 389.30 . Hence on account of: doghni neamhchlú a dtug na t.¤ | don róimh rug a ghealchnú uaidh, ITS xiii 130.4 (O'Bruadair). téit i dt.¤ pursues: do ghlac Pilib Ruadh ... cead a Choronel ... dul i dt.¤ ar a' námhuid, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 48.11 .

(b) pursuing party, pursuers: doróich in tíarmóracht forro ... dobeir Cu Chulaind tafond for in t.¤ , LU 10464 . doroich in toir uile for M., IT ii2 229.64 . re truim línmuire na tora, ALC i 572.23 . rucadar orra co toir rotruim ┐ ... do iompódar aran toraigh ... ┐ do marbadur triur ... don tóraidh, AU iii 436.6 . a chóir is é ar n-a oighidh | oidhir Dé t.¤ a tabhaigh, DDána 47.3 . teann t.¤ ga mbí baránta, Aithd. D. 65.28 . tú an t.¤ is tinne n-a leanmhain, 97.31 . tug gur th.¤ ort an t-éinḟear | déineamh smóil do ghort Ghaidheal, IGT Decl. ex. 1747 . a richt na tóra do marbadh uili iat, Celt. Rev. iv 114.7 . do deired na tóra, Caithr. Thoirdh. 142.34 . re fuigell na tórach, 143.10 . méad na tóire sin do bhi 'n-a diaidh, Keat. iii 1021.

(c) persecution: le dlighthibh na nGall tug scannradh ar Bhanba is t.¤ , ITS iii a 108.8 (O'Rahilly).

III

(a) act of having recourse to: t.¤ sgol ar an mbéinne mban, DDána 103.6 . an bhean fa trom t.¤ `of great retinue,' PBocht 5.35 . cách andeas dá toigh 's adtuaidh | gá feas nach foil ar a t.¤ , Aithd. D. 1.31 . ní t.¤ mná gan mhuiridhin, 65.12 . saobh gan t.¤ ar theagh gcuiridh, 71.24 . ar cneidh na cíghe atá t.¤ , 100.13 . deaghthóir a ghoine acht go ngluais, 58.19 .

(b)? am scíth, am triamuin cach th.¤ | for iarair mac n-Iacoib, SR 3099 . ? mairgg cend hi tabair lind loír | mairg théit co dend fo th.¤ , LL 163 margin . ? fa mba lasmbess det oc tōir | dilgud mōr ar monar sōaill, ZCP x 46 § 7 . ? beid ar Mhumhain na dt.¤ dtroim | aibhne dúthchasa Domhnoill, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 43. ? fuairis gliaidh is t.¤ 'mun troid, Dán Dé xxix 22 . ? an aicme thrír atá i nDia | treise ná t.¤ is roilia, DDána 60.5 .

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