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1 báeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 báeth or dil.ie/5139
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: baíd, bóeth, baid

adj o, ā. Also baíd, baíth, bóeth.

I

(a) foolish, stupid, silly, thoughtless, reckless; of animals, wind irrational, wild, innocent, wayward: baid gl. stultus, Wb. 8d8 (a prima manu). deilb mordraige ┐ fir boith, Ml. 52. mall no baéth gl. hebes, Sg. 66a5 . baeth. .i. faoth quasi fatu[u]s , O'Mulc. 118. deich mba mboetha im gach mboethan, Fél. 88.32 . dáig at báetha cialla ban, LU 3996 ( SCC 45 ). a Fir Baíth is b.¤ do fecht, 6032 . in tond baeth bhorr (of Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 4185. is bōeth do neoch renus fír/ar ascnam i tīr na pīan, ZCP vii 498.4 . [b]aoth .i. olc . . . .i. is olc ní cradh Dé, O'Dav. 192. hech baeth, RC xx 174 § 39 (ACC Comm.). in breo baoth reckless , AFM ii 902.20 . Compar. is minic . . . nach baoithe an chlann ioná a n-athair, Donlevy 332.4 . Adv. do imthig roimpe co baoth barr-[ud]mall waywardly (of the wind), ML² 713.

(b) In Laws applied to one not fully responsible either through nonage or mental deficiency (opp. to 1 gáeth): fofuasna ide a c[h]uru uile mat baith `wenn sie töricht sind', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22. fer (= fír, Fianaig. 30.29 ) mná báithe dlomthar sceo gaithe, O'Dav. 209.

(c) wanton, licentious: cacha baitsaige .i. . . . is leisin mnai mbaith in lenam donither ria, Laws v 454.8 Comm. a ndail mná baithe, IT iii 16 § 40. diammbése b.¤ if I were wanton, LU 8332 ( FB 24 ). cosc mnā bóithe do drúis, MacCongl. 73.2 (of a hopeless proceeding).

As pseudo-n. pr. cóic maccu maithe .i. Baeth ┐ Bras . . ., Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280.17 ).

II As subst.

(a) fool, idiot; in baid gl. idiotae, Wb. 12d35 (a prima manu). don báith no dond oscar gl. idiotae, 12d16 . imrechtatar báith baethu B. .i. ro imaigetar . . . na baethu eochu baetha B., O'Dav. 1076. ro selgatar rótu/nád soréid la báethu (of the saints), Fél. Prol. 30. ? goth gruce golfad breice/baeth críche, Auraic. 5289.

(b) In Laws one who is legally incapacitated on mental grounds: dilmuin do boethuib . . . is dilmuin . . . dona hecodnuchuibh, Laws ii 82.7 . ni cria do baeth . . ., do mnaí, do cimid, iii 58.6 . iasacht cungnuma do baethaib, v 490.3 . cor baith fri gaet, Coibnes 5 n.1 . aithghin a nedgi boith no meic, Laws i 272.x Comm. imchomét a baíth ┐ a gaíth, Ériu xx 168.77 . itir baoth ┐ gaoth, ar as a belaib baoith .i. na lēighes ┐ gaoith .i. lēighis, dlutar gach nós, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88, 21a ). b.¤ (┐) gáeth term for some class of legally irresponsible person: in caeptha ┐ in finelogh, b.¤ ┐ gaeth, ┐ in fer lethchuind—ceithre hanmanna sin ar in fer lethchuind, O'Curry 982 (H. 3.18, 423a). baeth gaeth, 1392 (631b). Cf. fenelaig (.i. baith no gaith), Bürgschaft 19 § 59.

Compds. searc gach baothmhná light woman (?), DDána 89.27 . ge béo anocht ar bhaithbendaibh wild (?) peaks, BS 86.7 . nacham luaid dot' baethbriatraib wanton words (Joseph to Potiphar's wife), SR 3186. ar baoithchéill . . . ó mheisge nó ó chraos, Eochairsg. 105.33 . brón baoithchridhe ban `wayward hearts', Studies 1920, 99 § 10 . do bhaothghlóir na beatha aimseardha `empty glory' (Gloss.), TSh. 606. dá bhaothghnúis éididh ionghualaigh (of the devil), Aithd. D. 76.10 . cid día mbúpthai na báethlaegu innocent calves, LU 1752. an baothlaogh allaidh, DDána 80.29 . don bháothleim sin reckless leap, RC xxix 122 § 22 . baethlenum becc innocent child, Acall. 6283. do dhá bhaothmhama thug masla do lígh an lile tender breasts, Hackett xx 45 . iarsin baethréim rucsat Ulaid dar Herind reckless course, LL 22076. in bi[th] cona báethrennaib the world with its irrational elements, Ériu iv 106 § 60. Cf. baíd.

1 fáeth ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fáeth ? or dil.ie/21038
Last Revised: 2013

ind (fo + oeth, Brehons, Serj. & Att. 11 n. 43 ): egmacht ainfis ainfaitces ni forbrad dire tar faoth forais, Laws iv 228.13 . ar dibenn faoth fiacha firinne fer fobraighe, O'D. 579 ( H 3.17, 444 ) = O'Curry 2316 (< Eg. 88, 24a-b ). Mo Naire... dia mba breithemh ni bera a faoth form na fer, H 3.17, c. 498 ( O'D. 680 ). Thurn. ZCP xviii 400 suggests that this may be an ex. of foíth (= oíth, aoth ) 'oath'.

fornéis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fornéis or dil.ie/23809

Forms: forneisin

n f. (vn. of for-indet) telling, declaring, disclosing: f.¤ choibsen divulging a confession LB 10b49 ( Reeves Culdees § 38 ). fornes fir `declaration' O'Dav. 781 , 799 . g s. fiach forneisin [ = -en] do neoch forindet bidbudh, H 3.18, p. 220bw ( O'Curry 394 ). trian fornéisi i taidhi ... .i. trian a n-aisneis gach raota acht tír, O'Curry 2620 ( Eg. 88, 53a ). pl. atait .uii. forneisin forsna talla aoth na eiric, O'Curry 2594 (ib. 50c0 ) = faisnéisi, O'D. 1703 ( H 2.12 p. 2 ) = foirneisi ... .i. ... firaisndeisi ... nach forneis acht fir innisin fair .i. for duine, H 3.18, 646b - 647a0 ( O'Curry 1449 ). Cf. anáil ... foirneis anma tuarusgbháil bethad, Ériu xiii 37.16 . foirnés bhuan beatha dé an anma i gcurpaibh diosoillsi ib. 0 .

3 fuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 fuit or dil.ie/24924

n (legal term) : cuimne cin fothla, aisnéis cin forrán, f.¤ cin tséna (things required of a ráith-security) H 3.17, c. 442 ( Bürgschaft p. 40 - 41 ) = fait, O'Curry 2451 ( Eg. 88, f.37a ). In ZCP xviii 400 Thurneysen takes this to be = faoth, a misspelling of oíth ( áoth ) ` oath '.

2 íath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 íath or dil.ie/27116
Last Revised: 2013

n a bell?: i.¤ ainm do chlug cona ḟáeid `Iath is a name for a bell with its voice,' Thr. Ir. Gl. 6.21 . i.¤ ainm do chluc is a faidh, O'Curry 1335 (< H 3.18, p. 611a ). `iat[h]' cloc ocus `iath' cochall, Metr. Gl. 3.8 .

a halidom ?; insignia ?: etag ┐ i.¤ anmann fethal la gentiu, ut dicitur: [do tong] dar an i.¤-sae ┐ an etag, O'Mulc. 469. `ettech' ┐ `iat' anmann fethal la gentiu, unde dicitur dotong darsna hiata-sa I swear by these reliquaries, O'Curry 144 (< H 3.18, p. 81 ). í.¤ mind ┐ í.¤ ferand, LU 529 (ACC). See mind and fethal. But cf. `áoth' minn, ocus `í.¤' ferann, Metr. Gl. 9 § 4 , and aoth `a bell,' aoth `a crown,' O'R. Cf. 4 eó.

1 luige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 luige or dil.ie/30984

Forms: lugae, luigu, lighi, lige, luig, lui, luidh, lugh, lugh, luigeda, lughedha, luidhedha, lugha, luighi

n io, n. In O. Ir. usually lugae (for the phonetic development see GOI 103 - 4 ). luigu (sic leg. ?), Laws iv 192.9 . lighi, O'Curry 2409 ( Eg. 88, 32(33)b ). lige, Laws v 174.23 Comm ., luig, Laws v 100.23 Comm ., 352.6 and lui, ii 18.4 , 17 Comm. are perh. scribal errors. luidh, Celtica iv 66.59 . lugh (: athchur), IGT Verbs ex. 666 is given as `cóir' in one MS., as `lochdach' in a second (both added in later hand), cf. lugh (ón luighe), Decl. § 95 (127.9) . Pl. attested only in later lang.: luigeda, PH 7604. lughedha, Ann. Conn. 1309.3 . luidhedha, Ériu xi 190.21 . lugha luighi (in leabhuir) m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.13) .

(a) Vn. of tongaid (see also 1 luigid). Cf. lugha luighe (in leabhair) with tuingfed a .d. neith added by later hand, IGT Verbs § 74 . Act of swearing : imchim . . . fir lais [m]bi cuma fir ┐ go di luga who swears equally to truth and falsehood, SM Facs. 53b = do luga, Laws v 178.5 . etheach do lugha nó do luighe, SM Facs. 53a = eithe do lige, Laws v 174.23 Comm . ? geall feich do luga, 308.18 . cethri haitir do chur crainn, dias dib dia lugha to swear it(?), iii 134.10 Comm . gradh bes comais dia ludhadh in tan adginidhther in colund `when a person of competent rank has proved the delivery of the carcass', i 300.3 Comm . dodechatar día lugu i n-eithiuch do P., Trip.² 2119 `to perjure themselves', Trip. i 181 . ro-gab Petar . . . for a l.¤ (the Denial), PH 3193 . fuil in Rígh do lugha libh if you swear by the king's blood, IGT Verbs ex. 667 . meic ríogh ag luidhe fad láimh, O'Hara 2349 (see Notes).

As cogn. accus. ni toing luidhe fo brechtruib gach fer sacarbuic, O'D. 2190 ( Nero A vii, 132b ). luighi néithigh ní thoingeann, Hard. ii 296.11 . Cf. ispert Medbh o bes lugai: —Tonga, etc., RC x 226.184 , and Ml. 36a20 cited below.

(b) oath: arnate nech tria lugae gl. imperat periurii cauitionem `that a man break not his oath', Ml. 36a23 . corricci lugae son gl. usque ad testationem, 126c5 . fo chénele lugi, Wb. 14c24 . luge gl. iurare, Enchir. Aug. 77a ( ZCP vii 482.33 ). With LA: l.¤ limsa inso gl. ego autem testem Deum invoco, Wb. 14c39 . ba lugae leu insin gl. per erumniarum mearum exempla iurabant, Ml. 118c5 . With pref. fír glossing iusiurandum: áfirlugae nothongad cach frialaile hirecht, Ml. 36a20 . hua fírlugu, 115a18 . afírl.¤ , Wb. 34a1 . hí fírlugu, Sg. 217b1 . iust .i. iusiurandum, unde foruirmed iust fa[i]r .i. luge, O'Mulc. 767 . foirdath loith lun luighe ban (glossed ar duibhe ┐ ar ethech), ZCP v 490 § 17 = fordath luin luath l.¤ ban, Ériu ix 46 § 14 . ind eithchich linib luga with store of oaths, SR 8344 . connach ain lepaid na luge so that neither protection nor oath will preserve it, RC xxvi 40 § 206 . luge ria mbreith, Tec. Corm. § 14.4 (= ria mbreath, BB 63b12 ). lugha mherlig, BB 274b30 . atbertsom o l.¤ lan, PH 99 . na bris ḟorm lugi gan ḟess, TBC-LL¹ 3507 . luighe na leabhar `perjury', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 10 . lōr . . . an lāmh mar luighe, Butler Poems 139 (see Notes). ní thicfa is ní tháinic / bhud ḟerr lám na luighe, Acall. 1040 . lugha (luighe) .i. mionna, O'Cl.

With do-beir: doratt cach dibh fo leith a luga nar bo he each swore it was not he, Anecd. ii 16.15 . cen l.¤ do tabhairt, PH 2684 . an brég . . . / créd fa dtabhair lugha lé, IGT Decl. ex. 47 . luighe néithigh dorad . . . fo láimh C. swore a false oath, AFM i 182.3 . Cf. chum a thabartha mar luighe as something to be sworn by, SG 3.5 . With other verbs: beanam luidh dhe um [rūn] do dhēanamh ar gach nī let us swear him to secrecy, Celtica iv 66.59 . cuires l.¤ mar shéla forri, PH 7621 . cech oen dogní luga n-eithig, Trip.² 86. ? saithe cacha lestair, nach laimethar nech luigu bed lais, motat saithe doeit hi thīr [sic] comaithich, Laws iv 192.9 .i. a luighi gonad leis ín saithi, 22 Comm . targad ar luighi fa seach `our oath was offered', MR 132.23 . ro thestaig o luga, PH 6622.

Other legal uses (see Críth G. p. 99 ): secht cenela luigi . . . dithech, ┐ naille, ┐ condacht, ┐ fortach, sena, ┐ forgell, ┐ diunach, O'Curry 1744 ( 23 Q 6, 31 ). im[m]ustoing i ndiaid nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu, Críth G. 42 . ní íca a luga[e] acht a llugu ḟir midboth(a) he is not liable for anything he swears to the extent of the oath of a f.m.(?), 68 . maith a luga[e], a naidm, etc., 200 . elod iar luighe fo aoth , Laws iii 394.12 . ni tatmei si tath cunnartha iar ngrene go lighi .i. nocha cuimgech é taithmech in cunnartha iar luighi gua don grein .i. uair is go luighi di cia atbertar, O'Curry 2409 ( Eg. 88 f. 32 (33)a ). luga seancha innrice, Laws iv 142.3 Comm . luighe in erluma no in righ fo soscela, O'Curry 2147 ( Eg. 88, 3a ). luighe cundtabartach . . . luighe éithe, O'D. 914 ( H 3.17, col. 652 ). In phr. l.¤ cána (Laws Comm.): smacht i ndul a luigi cana `for violating the oath of law', Laws i 172.20 . a comairlegadh anurraid na tic fo luighi cana `who does not come under the oath of cain-law', iii 388.3 . na (sic. leg.) tiaguit fo luigi cana, v 162.11 gl. tech i mbiat elothaig cana, 160.4 . duine teit al-l.¤ cana, 236.20 gl. cro fir coillis cain, 13 . Cf. iar luga chána `after the swearing of the law', Ériu ii 204.18 . insci .i. luighi . . . luighi an baile, O'Dav. 1112 (see Letter I 283.42 ).

? ocath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ocath or dil.ie/33408
Last Revised: 2013

ind (? ó cath): inna elod iar luighe fo aoth ocath anma `after taking an oath "o.a."', Laws iii 394.12 = aeth o cath a mná, Eg. 90 f. 14b ( O'D. 1988 ). ocath anma .i. in baile a caither anm go haith no go hadha, Eg. 88 f. 48a ( O'Curry 2568 ). imtoing fo tuarasdal a cath anma, Eg. 88 f. 49a ( O'Curry 2578 ). opad noíllech cen slán n-ó cath anmæ 'the refusal to take an oath without immunity from “the battle of the soul”' Ériu xx 166.48 . fort-gellat huili ó cath anmæ 'they all testify by “the battle of the soul”' 166.53 .

oech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oech or dil.ie/33507

n m. an enemy : ōech nō aoth .i. nāma, Corm. Y 1005. aithech .i. āith ┐ oech .i. nāma āith, 51 = aech, Corm. p. 4. ? ar upt[h]aib ban ṁb[a]eth ar aech adamles, RC ii 113.7 (Klosterneuburg Incant.).

oeth, óeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oeth, óeth or dil.ie/33553
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. an oath : oeth .i. luige no eithech, Corm. Y 1003. oeth oenuir . . . .i. . . . luighe n-aonfir, O'Dav. 36. áoth minn, Metr. Gl. Ff. 4. aeth uadh i nDe, Laws iii 62.9 Comm. iar luighe fo aoth , 394.12 (text). in t-aeth ud adbert S. is eitheach hé, IT iii 201.8 = luighi, ib. 5 . a slánoith dó their solemn oath to him, ZCP xiii 12.2 . fri oethu, SCC 25 ( LU 3478 ). bat comaltach ferbbai fri n-oithib fulfil the word given on oath, Ériu viii 173.13 . co fiadnaise indric ┐ co n- aethaib, Laws iv 106.13 Comm.

? uran

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? uran or dil.ie/43239

ind aoth fri hurano, urano do urraidh, Ériu xiii 23.17 .