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ar-cain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-cain or dil.ie/3993

 

Forms: arcanai, aracain, airchetal

v ( air-can-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 479 ) sings, chants, recites. Applied to poetry, charms, and magical formulas as also to legal pronouncements and maxims, see Watkins, Celtica vi 214 . On the filid as custodians of traditional law see Binchy, Ériu xvii 5 . Indic. pres. 2 s. dál arcanai , ACL iii 297 § 51 . dona búadaib arcanai of the victories which you recite, Airne F. 201 . 3 s. aracain gl. incinere, Ml. 64c14 . amail arinchain fénechas as the native law recites, Críth G. 21 . is don grád so arcain fénechas, 272 . aracain (.i. fīrcanim-se do caire in sofesa) coire sofis sernar dliged cachadāna, Anecd. v 23.7 . arcain (.i. fīrcanaid . . .) coire nerma intlectuib raith, 26.3 . fert ar-cain cúi chrúaid `the hardy cuckoo sings', Ériu xvii 90 § 9 . 3 pl. derb lasna druídib . . . aridchanat who chant it, Airne F. 279 . 1 pl. Moninne . . . arcanam, LL 371c14 . Pass. sg. arcanar gl. cantatur, Thes. ii 18.33 . tri sáir Hérenn arcanar, Fen. 30.5 . Pass. pl. arcantar gl. præcinuntur hoc carmine, Ml. 66c7 . Imperf. indic. pass. sg. arsenti ┐ arcantá and .i. . . . no chantaís filid, LU 10134 . Pret. 3 s. arcáchain dó tria imbas forosnai conid and asbert na bríathra sa (verse follows), LU 10348 . Pass. sg. breithemnus . . . arachet araclais arachor `it has been sung', Laws i 46.17 . Appar. as synonym of for-cain in: admall . . . arcain side in bardne so sis, IT iii 43 § 52 . tuathbard . . . forcain side rannaigecht, 44.11 .

Vn. airchetal.

sernaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sernaid or dil.ie/37260
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sernait, sernat, sernair, -sernar, sernaiter, serntair, sernad, sernatai, sérnn, sernn, dia-nda-sera, -sert, sert, sertatar, sretha, sreth, sretha, srithiu, ṡrethi, sernte, sern, seirnn, sernais, sernai, roserna, sernad, sernaighter, consernaigh, roṡreth, sernad, sreth

v indic. pres. pl. 3 sernait, Fél. Aug. 31 . SR 5186 . ní sernat , Ml. 31a19 . pass. s. sernair, O'Dav. 1444 . -sernar, Críth G. 577 . sernaiter (? leg. -ter or -aighther), Laws iv 384.23 Comm . pl. serntair, SR 4236 . impf. s. 3 no sernad , 2957 . pass. s. ro sernatai , RC xii 92 § 121 . ipv. s. 2 sérnn, Ml. 56c12 . sernn, Fél. Mar. 15 . subj. pres. s. 3 dia-nda-sera, Críth G. 294 . pret. s. 3 -sert, LL 37c2 . ro sert , Fél. 248.9 . pl. 3 sertatar, O'Curry 2254 ( Eg. 88, fo. 18d ). pass. s. sretha, AFM i 178.z . ro sreth , Fél. Aug. 25 . pl. ro sretha , Prol. 138 . part. hon gremmaim srithiu gl. exserto uigore, Ml. 31c18 . verbal of necess. cáith bed ṡrethi gl. acus substernendum, Sg. 68a5 . With extension of pres. stem: subj. past pass. s. fora sernte , Wb. 18c8 . pret. s. 3 ro sern , SR 2987 . LL 7a3 . ro seirnn , BB 28b13 . sernais, ZCP viii 104.15 . ? sernai, SR 5965 . roserna (? sic leg.), Anecd. i 54 § 27 . pass. s. ro sernad , SR 1385 . LL 200a57 . A few exx. of a g-stem occur: subj. pres. pass. pl. sernaighter, O'Curry 2215 ( Eg. 88, fo. 15b ). pret. s. 3 ? consernaigh, ZCP viii 104.14 . Pret. pass. as act.: s. 3 roṡreth, TTr.² 1700 . See also srethnaigid. Vn. sernad, sreth.

I Trans.

(a) arrays, disposes, ranges, orders (freq. of disposing troops for battle, or men for hunting); composes, contrives: ni fil folad n-aill fora sernte in soscéle issin act Crist `on which that Gospel could be built', Wb. 18c8 . sérnn gl. stude (ut mimineris te sub Dei imperio agere), Ml. 56c12 . ní sernat .i. ní aisndedat gl. neque . . . conserunt (uerba), 31a19 . ro sreth scél a chésta, Fél. Aug. 25 ( .i. aisnéid, Fél.² cxxvii ). ron-sert (ro sert, ronseart, ro seirt, v.ll.) . . . | serc ard arbair Íssu the love of Jesus' band has ranged it in order (?), Fél. Ep. 11 (`has strengthened (?) us'). ro sert slige . . . | fo sluagh Erenn `he spread (?) a road', ib. 248.9 . is é dano fuillem a ṡét dianda sera i cumtach if he place it in a receptacle, Críth G. 294 . co sernar tech ríg? how is a king's house disposed? 577 . sern .i. oirdnedh nó buaidh no sreth no a[i]sneidh . . ., O'Dav. 1456 . ? deilb rig roda sluagaib sert saigid, Laws i 12.13 . iarsain ro-sernsat a scuir | ár teclammad a morchruid | . . . | san chan immon primcathraig, SR 5053 . sernnaid sreith | 'mond eclais di cach oen leith, | . . . | do anartaib oengelaib, 4409 . cethri clair déc . . . | serntair immon senisteir, 4236 . cuit cacha mna dib fo leith | dia claind choir ina comsreith, | feib ro sern rí run cach cruth | is ferr dún a ndeligud, 2987 . o ro ṡernad Nóisi nár | fulocht for feda fianchlar, IT i 78.3 ( LMU 17 ). adram Ríg . . . | ro sern cach rath cach ríge | ro delb díne cech dun[e], LL 17b12 . saer-sert (? sic leg.) cach nainm ainn gossa fer [.i.] fer gossa, Auraic. 5314 . is and ro sernad cetna selg Lagen riam .i. enach selgga, 200a57 = RC xv 419.7 ( Dinds. 34 ). luath roserna[d] (? omit [d]) dirim demna forsan fairgi, Anecd. i 54 § 27 . roṡern arnábárach in cath inaghaidh A., TTr.² 1688 . ra sernsatar in coblach d'innaigid na cúan, TTr. 1459 . ro-sern cach sín ar-saīlem | ro-delb tir noīb-eng nĒrenn (of God), ZCP xiv 178.6 . airecht fodesin . . . naiscaire nodonaisc, sruithem nodoseirn, traeta nodotraeta, xii 360.8 . rosernatai tra an cath cech laei etir fine Fomore ┐ Thuatha Dea, RC xii 92 § 121 . rosernad ┐ rosreathad an tsealg ar gach leth lais cona roan ina ḟarrad acht en rideri nama, D IV 2, 42rb38 . ro shern ┐ ro shrethnaigh a amhsa . . . for bernadhaibh baoghail, AFM vi 2326.22 . sretha in cath i Crinder, i 178.z (cit.).

Freq. occurs, particularly in SR, with its vn. sreth as cognate acc.: places in array, forms in array: Iacob no serna sreith | isna hoimrib uiscidib | flesca beca . . . | ara mbelaib na cairach, SR 2957 . sernai Saul in sre[i]th slāin | im threib nDauīd, 5965 . dond leith anair do threib Dáin | sernait sreith slébe Lebáin, 5186 . sil n-Adaim sernait srethu, 8134 . ro sernsat sreith co súairc sein | 'ma cuaird imm altoir n-Adaim, 2143 . imme rosernsat sreith slait, | co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.51 .

(b) ordains, prescribes, appoints, propounds : dlightius du do airi árd fiche sét searnar sluind do aire forgill tricha sét, O'D. 2193 ( Nero A 7, 134a ). siachdudar sinbretha sertatar do ciolur .i. sreathnaighsed na deo daile bas a n-aighid araile, O'Curry 2254 ( Eg. 88, fo. 18d ). manab a seota saora sernaighter .i. uadha do ceilib, O'Curry 2215 (ib. 15b ). ár is dó is dán tidhnocol | nirab seoid sír-thaisceas | séarnas do chach caemh-ratha, Leb. Cert. 192.16 . iar slechtaib saer-sernar (? sic leg.), Laws iii 536.13 . sernair .i. gabtair, ut est ailiu seinm sernair [imbed] n-imbais .i. laisi ngaibther rann .i. srethnaighther no gabtair imad sofis dun, O'Dav. 1444 . sernait ethre ṅAuguist, Fél. Aug. 31 ( .i. failgit no forbanait no srethait, Fél.² cxxvii ). sernn Iacóib ordan, Fél. Mar. 15 . aracain coire sofis sernar dliged cacha dāna (.i. srethnaithir dliged cacha dána as), Anecd. v 23.7 . bunad cach sofis searnar īar ndliged, 26.11 . sai sert sobruighe, O'D. 2214 ( Nero A vii, fo. 147b ).

II Intrans. stands arrayed, disposes itself : tuas sech cech oen . . . | sernait slog sáer Saraph[é]in, SR 552 . sernsat ┐ immsit na slóig impu ┐ ros gonsat conna batar élódaig díb, TBC-LL¹ 542 . ūaitne slemnai sencháise | . . . | serndais imasech, MacCongl. 37.20 . dona teoraibh rothaibh . . . ro serntar [for?] in magh, TBC-LL¹ 5605 (Stowe).

? rop conn criche cloidhemhdhai | cumall fri seilg sernatha | mo bar buadach buidhenda, LL 385cy = searnata, BB 128a13 .

? To this: o dosernatár gai bic | hi tossuch a n-imairic | is í cétní and arric | a gai is a gabair la Diarmait, LU 9691 (H) = ro sernatar, LL 277a39 .

sreth(n)aigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sreth(n)aigid or dil.ie/38807
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: sreth(n)ugad

v (sreth)

I Trans.

(a) Glossing sernaid, sreth (sense in some exx. obscure): ar ind hi as ceatharda fo fera son, Laws i 258.16 .i. ar in ni is cethardha srethnaidhther uirri ann so `because four things are charged upon it here', 270.x Comm . (misreading of text or text now faulty?). cach sreth . . . cach ni srethnaigter and do mindlestraib na cerdcha, iii 192.1 Comm . (in meaning (b) infra. See sreth). enechlog, | iar slechtaib saer sernar, iii 536.13 .i. logh enech do fo indrucus iar naisneis in tair ro sr[e]athnaiged air after the relating of the insult which has been laid on him (?), 538.13 Comm . (with tár as subj. instead of enechlóg as in text). is é ní sre[th]nai[g]ther d'faillsiugh forin conair fuigill is fior `zugrunde gelegt wird' (is listed, adduced?), glossing sreth faillsigthi na conairi fugill is fir, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . siachdudar sin bretha sertatar do ciolur .i. ro sreathnaighsed na deo daile (beodaile?) bas anaighid araile, O'Curry 2254 ( Eg. 88, 18 (19)d ). ar cach saeth sretha[ib] sina .i. rom-didna ar cach ṅgalar intí riasa ro-[shr]ethnigtis na sina, ACC 107 ( RC xx 278 ). sāerbrud imberbthar bunad cach sofis searnar īarndliged . . . .i. . . . bunad cacha deghfesa .i. imhas na Bōindi sretnaighther īaram co dligthech is spread abroad (?), Anecd. v 26 n. 22 . Cf. ailiu seinm sernair [imbed] n-imbais . . . .i. srethnaighther no gabtair imad sofis dun, O'Dav. 1444 (cf. Ériu xiii 40 , and sreth immais s.v. sreth). coire sofis sernar dliged cacha dāna .i. srethnaithir dliged cacha dána as, Anecd. v 23 n. 19 . aracain aracanair .i. is cāintsrethnaighter sium gellad do cách ┐ cāintsrethnaighter gellad dō ō cāch, 27 n. 19 . foraig foragar .i. intī fuirghius in filid fuirgitsim oca .i. is taithnemach srethnuighes a aisce cōir do denum do cách, 27 n. 20 . Neimhedh rosern (ros-ern?) im ratha .i. nó íocadh no sreathnaigheadh tuarastal forra imposed a stipend on them, Leb. Gab.(i) 100 n. 1 . ro sern cech sín .i. ro sreathnuigh no ro sccaoil, 162 n. 6 (in meaning (b) infra).

(b) In general sets in order, disposes, spreads out, disperses, scatters : ro srethaig sosad . . . do aes . . . athirge arranged a dwelling for the repentant, SR 577 . rosrethaig tolgdail triath tenn | . . . | os cech dándíne (David) convened (?), 6701 . sīrechtach rosrethnaiged | a seōl ndobrōin for Ēre the veil of woe has been spread over Ireland, Bruchst. i 47 § 105 . .xl. is a cheathair coir | ro sreathaigh Breassail settled (of a colony), BB 56a11 . rath i cuitriud .i. rath do beir flaith cuidridh sr[e]athnaighes a rath for curu who distributes his fief according to contracts (?), O'D. 1007 ( H 2.15A, 15b ). a sreathnaighther in t-ith in which the corn is spread out (saball), Laws i 140.10 Comm . ? is impusin sretha[ig]set in re ciata imairget `that the first battlefield ever fought was assembled', 154.25 Comm . dosuidhighedh ┐ dosrethnaigedh in tsealg leó fo fheadhuibh ┐ fo fhāsaigib was distributed, Fianaig. 52.9 . ro shern ┐ ro shrethnaigh a amhsa . . . for bernadhaibh baoghail `distributed and stationed', AFM vi 2326.25 . do shr[e]athnuigh sé ór air na cherubinibh `spread', 1 Kings vi 32 . sreathnocha mé íad, Jerem. ix 16 .

II Intrans. spreads, settles : is ann do srethnuidhdar sa cclann dhá neisi | an fonn sin ionnar sretnuidhdar | is uatha h-anmnither na Deisi, LL 396.13 . do sreathnuigh sinn ar gach gleann, Oss. vi 102.11 . don tshluagh ro shreathaigh 'mun trāigh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) i 243.7​ . dosrethnaigedh in tsealg leó fo fheadhuibh ┐ fo fhāsaigib, Fianaig. 52.9 .

Note also: donn .i. cuirm, ut est siris donn dibeoil .i. srethnaigi[d] in donn .i. in linn, do urlabra do neoch `serves (?)', O'Dav. 666 . ri rosrethaig, sróenaib slamm, | do rethaib roenaib retlann arranged, disposed, SR 269 .

Part. go cineadh sreathnuighthe `scattered', Isaiah xviii 2 . ? cethir chét cethirriad sernta srethnaigt[h]i co serraib iarnaidib `Sensenwagen', Alex. 566 (perh. g s. of vn.).

Vn. sreth(n)ugad.