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arathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arathar or dil.ie/3967

 

n o, [n. ?] (4 ar)

(a) plough: a.¤ .i. ab aratró .i. ōn trebad, Corm. Y 46 . dam timchill arathair plough-ox? 209 . cecht arathair , O'Mulc. 205 . leis dorata na Gaill fon a.¤ , AU i 528.16 . fortacht co ndeithbire t(h)imceall arathair (in a list of actions for which there is no penalty), Laws v 486.22 . bla dam . . . a.¤ , iii 266.14 .i. cid fon a.¤ beit uair feidm nach a.¤ adubramar romaind, 19 Comm. cach duine dada (diatá) dam isin a.¤ at the plough, 270.5 Comm. re arathair ploughing time, O'Curry 423 (H 3.18, 231b). geim daim arathair tria aibni / tairgne tarathair atidli, IT iii 77 § 45 . cét n-a.¤ ag frithalum a tigi, Aen. 1726 . atconnarc iiii arathru anairdheas, Three Hom. 68.26 . cécht na n-a.¤ , TTr.² 1488 . a n-iarrnaigi . . . arathair , TTebe 1277 . na cethri harathair, Three Hom. 70.6 . gan a.¤, gan trealamh, MR 102.9 . ? As quasi-vn. ploughing: a.¤ in domnaigh, ACL iii 241 § 8 .

(b) ploughing equipment, wainage: cethramthu arathair lais—dam, soc, brot, cennos(e), Críth G. 95 . bí[i]t dí baí .x. leis, leth n-arathair , 158 . erna arathair , Laws v 390.23 .i. soc ┐ coltor ┐ brod, 392.10 Comm. tir da .uii. cumal aigi do thir, a.¤ co n-a fedhain techta . . . aigi a plough with its proper appliances (? team of oxen, see fedan), 32.6 Comm. a.¤ cona fedain techt[a] .i. .iiii. doim, ar is forra d'ḟacaib Patraic bendachtain, O'Curry 325 (H 3.18, 179a) = O'D. 1953 ( Add. 4783, 7d ).

(c) tillage, ploughland(?): for fairchi in arathair thís, Fél. 72.22 . ag dul d'fius a arathair , TFrag. 16.20 . dun .i. terra, a.¤ fri don, gortt for don, O'Mulc. 320 .

athchnaite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchnaite or dil.ie/4706

 

adj (cnaïd) worn out: ra legaid . . . a n-iarrnaigi athcnaiti arathair , TTebe 1277 .

brot

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brot or dil.ie/7009
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: brud, brod, -a, brad, -aid, -ada

n o, m. ( See LEIA B-98 and Greene, Council for British Archæology Research Report 9 (1972) 70 ). brud, brod (ón brosdógh, add. v.l.) m., g s. n p. -a, IGT Decl. § 95 , brad m., g s. n p. -aid, -ada, § 38 . goad; spike: inna brotu gl. tela (edd.'s note) `the goads', Sg. 94a2 . cethramthu arathair .i. dam ┐ soc ┐ b.¤ ┐ chennos, Críth G. 134. indaig b.¤ forsin nechraid `ply the goad' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 589. saig b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1320. brethais int-arad b.¤ forsan n-echraid, IT i 270 § 36 (FB Eg.). tri broit chrédumi ina láim (of king's charioteers), LU 7593 (BDD). bid airscēla la fer mb.¤ (braitt, v.l.) `man of goads', i.e. `ploughman' or `charioteer' (note 28), Sc.M² 15. See 1 lúa. ? o brud in cathbharra, CCath. 5269. Fig. ar ogaib do tsīabhraib, / ar brodaib, ar báeghluib against stings (?), ZCP x 346 § 9. mór an brad (: fad) a seachna sain great the spur (?), DDána 74.15 . brod lé mbrosduighthear inn do chum, etc., Desid. 3349.

As fanciful n. pr. m. B.¤ ┐ Robb ┐ Ruidiud a trí ṅdr[úith], LL 3907.

Compds. dha onchoin . . . na brodonchoin gairbhfhionnfadhaca ghraineamhla `fierce wolves', ITS v 132.3 . See brotchú. ? taréis creiche M. . . . do bródtimáin `having at the goad's point driven' (?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 144.7 .

1 camm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 camm or dil.ie/8094
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Cam-achaid, cammchranna, cammderc

adj o, ā IGT Decl. § 40 (bean cham). c.¤ a cammpiclo .i. ō cecht arathair , O'Mulc. 205 .

I

(a) crooked, bent, curved, twisted : honaib crichaib cammaib gl. obliquis sulcis, Ml. 2a7 . conair cham winding, Ériu xiii 14.23 . ar crandaibh camaibh corraibh, IT iii 86.y . trí cloidmi cama caela curved, Leb. Cert.² 566 . benn cham chrom, ACL iii 307 § 20 . a gcornuibh cama, O'R. Poems 2510 . i n-a raon cham, Dán Dé xxiii 4 . ná fuabraid fáisdine beoil / ná ésgaid chaim crescent moon, Caithr. Thoirdh. 19.33 .

(b) Of persons and personal characteristics: sron cham, FB 37 Eg. ( IT i 271.28 ). cainti cam, IT iii 84 § 73 . ní thuca in cóil ngairit, osí c[h].¤ ḟinnfadach (of woman), ZCP viii 112.28 . C. cláen c.¤ , LL 1400 . F. C. .i. claon a rosc. Gorm. Apr. 7 n. Colmán Cam, ALC i 38.28 = Colman Caech, AFM ii 834.12 . quies Cuain Caimb, AU i 210.5 . cusna findchoelanaib cammaib gl. cum tortuosis intestinis, Gild. Lor. 229 . a géag-dhlaoidh cham wavy, curly , Keat. Poems 89 .

(c) Of abstract notions: hon torund chaum gl. oblica significatione, Ml. 55a9 . bainne do chēill chaimm. Rawl. 163a25 . bretha camma false judgements, ZCP viii 196.3 . cen mebail cen meiṅg / cen debaid mad cam `no strife in a crooked cause', KMMisc. 274 § 64 . coindealg comairle nach cam, Metr. Gl. Ff. 10 . tagra cam, Luc. Fid. 4777 . gach tīr bidh cam a coimhēd `treacherous', Ériu xviii 68 § 49 .

(d) In chevilles: cen glór c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 278.41 . ní hiúl cam, DDána 30.14 . atchíther ní cam / ra ríg ríchid rind, LU 9893 . ní cam libh, Keat. i 190.27 .

Superl. an chlí do ba choime cor, Aithd. D. 50.27 . Adv. is cam dochóidh cridhe an pheacthaigh, Dán Dé xxxi 21 . táinnig cám mar bhachaill di, gé bhí díreach aig dul uirthe (the rod) came crooked like a crozier from it (i.e. the fire), ZCP ii 550.z .

II As subst. o: im cam Coraind (sic leg.) (a goblet), AU ii 226.7 = AFM iii 110.3 . a ch.¤ ┐ a dírioch (of a tree), Ériu xiv 158 § 21 . In abstr. sense crookedness, perversity, injustice; flaw, fault : arna roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib, O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). cam dhí doba dodhénta (of monastic enclosure), IGT Decl. ex. 1282 . ceartaigh mo ch.¤ `straighten my crookedness', Aithd. D. 89.19 . cuirfed a negar rann . . . / gan cham don dregan, Rel. Celt. ii 286.21 . mo cham . . . do dhíorghadh `perversity', PBocht 22.30 . gan cham 'n-a chomhdaibh `flaw'. O'Rah. 130.158 . gach cam do-chír, Hackett² xxix 5 . nār lēigis . . . cam do chaithemh re cōir you did not allow injustice to triumph, ML² 1368 .

Compds. With nouns. Cam-achaid, Gorm. Mar. 31 n. tanagas a Ciaraighibh / robo loor a cambuirbe perverse boorishness, IT iii 89.8 . lena gcaimchialluibh fein, Luc. Fid. 3882 . i gCath Camchluana, Keat. iii 1824 . araid camchnama dóib (of joint of meat), YBL 418 . cam-cnaim saillte, Laws v 40.13 . do reir a gcamchomhairle fein, Luc. Fid. 4001 . tar chladhaibh . . . cam-charadh (cora), CF² 1157 . an Cam-corn (a goblet), Ériu ii 186.19 . cammchranna gl. trabes (of ships), Sg. 189a1 . camchúl cladhdhlúth (of lady's hair), Hackett² xxiii 3 . ná bī dá cheilt léd chamdhán, Content. xxiv 23 . on chamdeicsin do-n-gniat `the crooked look', Ml. 55a8 . cammderc gl. Strabo, Sg. 63a4 . 70b8 . Cf. Études Celt. xi 129 . Aed Caimdherc .i. derc chlaen bhaí aci, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 34.5 . camdhúain bhaird `competitive lay', KMMisc. 170.21 . noco choir a cammḟige (of faulty composition of a poem), IT iii 106.24 . a ghiolla(dh) an chaimfhreagraidh, Luc. Fid. 4305 . do camḟolang casbhuarote (fulang), IT iii 92.w . ¤linn in n. loc. see Hog. Onom. ri clerchib na cam-lorg of the twisted croziers, LL 19307 . cosa ar cam-luamain hanging crooked, ML² 1797 . ¤mag in n. loc. see O'Don. Suppl. gad gerinnill / cnap camuilínd (muilenn ?), IT iii 92.z . camnadh (nath) ┐ cáinadh (name of a type of invective), ACL iii 294 § 4 ; 'petulance and upbraiding' Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 103 § 4 . claonnos, camnos perverse custom, O'D. 576 ( H 3.17, 443 ). ¤phlumpad see plumpad. ní cammrad `no crooked speech' (cheville), Gorm. May 9 . do chamraidhte-si, Luc. Fid. 4899 . cid nā dénum dá chammrand ? (see Meyer, RC xii 460 ), MacCongl. 15.24 . dīa n-dernsat in dí chammrand, `when they had a duel in quatrains', 53 . tús is tábhacht ar mbriathar / le cam-rannaibh ní cheileam `crooked verses', Content. xxiv 25 . m. Cormaic Camṡrōin, Corp. Gen. 347.21 . re bhar gcamthagruibh, Luc. Fid. 3209 . in chamthuisil `the oblique cases', Sg. 197a2 . forsnaib camthuislib, 207a6 .

With adjj. in dvandva-compds.: tria cleactaibh camchasa a chinn, TBC St. 4556 `very curly' Gloss. claideb camgorm, Ériu iv 102.9 .

With adjj. derived from nouns freq. referring to parts of the body: Tadhg camchosach O Dálaigh `Bandy-legs', O'Gr. Cat. 354.17 . os sí chamḟinnach. LL 346a9 . an eachlach camgluineach (of Lebarchamm), YBL 177a34 ( BB 257b27 ). fa chrúba . . . caimingnecha, SG 290.31 . cosa . . . cam-ladracha, ML² 1595 . ben chamlāmach chomhdālach, Bruchst. 34 § 80 . an Cammuinélach Ua Baoighill `Wrynecked', AFM iii 322.3 . bualadh an chléirigh cham-shúiligh, TSh. 1171 . Muiris camṡrónach, O'Gr. Cat. 34.21 . Note also: a chlaideb camthuagach catha, TBC-LL¹ 3736 . Taediu chorrach chamlindtech, Acall. 2674 `of the eddying pools', SG ii 170 .

With vb.: gur camlubadar a cloidib, YBL 331b16 .

1 cécht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cécht or dil.ie/8432

 

n reconstructed as u-stem, Vendr., Études Celt. ii 132 . m., IGT Decl. § 95 .

(a) part of a plough, prob. plough- beam (transl. ploughshare unsupported by exx.): hi cecht gl. in burim, Sg. 127b1 . ingecht gl. burim, PCr. 51b2 . airem . . . / rotrom lais incecht (: técht), IT iii 83 § 68 . camm a cammpiclo .i. ō cecht arathair , O'Mulc. 205 . c.¤ na n-arathar, TTr.² 1488 . sía indás uarch.¤ arathair `ploughshare', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.80 . seisrech go gcecht ┐ go niarann narathair, BNnÉ 186 § 23 .

(b) Hence plough : ceachd `a plow', Eg. Gl. 184 . cuing ┐ cechta (pl. ?), Laws v 484.14 Comm. c.¤ ag (a, v.l.) lenmuin do leirg thúair, IGT Decl. ex. 511 . idh lúptha um cengal céchta, ex. 959 .

Compds. fa fhionnmhagh gcéichtmhín gC., DDána 92.10 . a bhláth céachtMhoighe C., 92.39 . a inis chéichtshlim Chriomhthainn. Measgra D. 50.48 .

coltar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coltar or dil.ie/10540

 

Forms: cuiltir

n o, m. (Lat. culter, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 233 ) g s. also cuiltir. coulter of a plough: erna arathair .i. soc ┐ coltor ┐ brod, Laws v 392.11 Comm. srub cuiltir fo thuinn, 90.17 Comm. dergthair coltur . . . i tenid, LL 329a40 . ni tregdand socc na c.¤ na rámund talmain, Alex. 860 . doluid P. . . . docum cerdca do dénum coltair, RC xii 346 § 40 . fead ainm in cuiltír, BB 25b2 (choltair, v.l., ITS xxxix 1052 ). a chromchuarcholtur do lecain camaill, Ériu v 156.201 . colltar iarainn, Keat. ii 4582 . do ghéarughadh a shuic ┐ a choltair, 1 Sam. xiii 20 . coltur saille (piece of bacon in the shape of a coulter), RC xii 346 § 40 .

? comforbaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? comforbaid or dil.ie/11206

 

ind lam ceill comforbaidh co tinard diairimter co n-ethomair arathair (rhet.), LL 393a2 . Cf. forbbaid(?).

comopar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comopar or dil.ie/11579

 

n (opar) equipment, requisites, instruments : a ch.¤ cach ráithi, Críth G. 432 . óg n-arathair cona uili chomopair with all its working parts, 182 . comobair trebtha, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 19.4 . comopuir cach ciul .i. crand glesta the requisites for all music, Laws i 122.12 , 126.32 Comm. na hatha co na comobair, iii 264.8 Comm. ina comobair na hatha, O'Dav. 808 . im c.¤ nabairse, Laws i 150.8 .i. crann tocharthai, 152.21 Comm. c.¤ na fige do garmnib ┐ do claidmib gl. aiced fige, 152.14 Comm. comopair in aiffrind gl. intreb n-ecalsa, 126.30 Comm. a comobair ar treise a torrachtain uile ar dechmaidh, O'D. 590 ( H 3.17, 447 ).

1 dam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dam or dil.ie/14462
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: doim, daim, daum, dum, dam, doim, daim, damaib, daumu, dumu, damu

n o,m. g s. doim, daim. d s. daum, dum, dam. n p. doim, daim. d p. damaib. a p. daumu, dumu, damu.

I An ox : dam .i. bos , Goid. 77 a . ní don daum storidiu act is dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . is bés leosom in daim (n pl.) do thuarcuin ind arbe, ib. 10 d 6 . in daim (n p.) dodaascansat, Thes. ii 340. 4 . ech fri aige dam fri har bo fri blicht, Laws i 122. 10 . athgabail cuicthi...im damu nad be tairchesa, ib. 184. 13 . lethmiach cach cuilgaib (sic) ó dam co dartaig fri feis, ib. iv 90. 19 . rotarb suas dauṁa (sic) ┐ dam conchaid ní tiaghad a comraind, ib. iv 100. 25 . fichi bó dá tarbb sé doim, iv 310. 26 . baib blichta daim cacha mamu, v 220. 11 . fuil dam oca ngabáil, ib. 152. 3 . áin dam fri fedain techta ( imain na ndam, l. 14 ), ib. 136. 6 . imfedain i ndamaib, ib. 474. 8 . is irrechtaib bó ┐ dam ┐ ech, FB 24 ( IT i 264. 11 ). (a lám) irraibe ere fichet cuinge do damaib, ib. 91 (l. 20) . méit chore rodaim, ib. Arddān co ndam nó muicc maiss, LMU 17 (l. 7) . in mucc ┐ xl dam, ScM. 6 ; similarly 22 (l. 4) . bérthair dam ┐ tinne di immach, BDD 63 . atcondarc senada gela ┐ dumu finna. daim breca ina ndiaid ┐ daim duba iarmu, Trip. 176. 15 . laulgach no dam timchill arathair in tress sét, Corm. s.v. clithar sét (twice). fichi míli do sumadaib ┐ damaib fri himfedain cruithnechta, O'Mulc. 856 . dam ndartaide (sic) .i. colbthach ḟireann, O'Cl. hoc bostar. buaile dam, Ir. Gl. 1044 . tallsatar na daṁu robhátar isin tigh, Lat. Lives 79. 6 (cf. IT i 45. 1 ). co tardsat an éduighe for adharcuib na ndam cura impaset na daim, ib. 7 . secht ndaiṁ ┐ secht tuirc, IT i 311. 29 . nirbo chommairge doendam, CRR 4 . mo damsa is dam dond Dáire, ib. ar chend mo daim, ib. 5 . ciarsa dam co ndá mbeind óir, ib. dam i ninad cach daim, ib. 17 . cor imbir a búrach forru amal dam ndamgaire, TTr.² 1159 . fuath doim de uma PH 1239 . is iat crecaitt na damu, ib. 4637 . ere deich ṅdam, ib. 6296 . antí docheannuigh cúig cuingreacha daṁ, TSh. 209. 28 .

dam air a ploughing ox : for drumni daim inn air RC xxvi 28. 7 = dam fri har, Laws i 126. 18 .

dam comair an ox of co-ploughing, yoke-fellow; metaph. an equal, peer. Doṁnall mór hUa Domnaill... daṁ comair Cuinn Cedchathaigh ar chlódh gach cliathchai ALC i 352. 29 (synonymous with medh comtrom in l. 30 ).

dam conchaid 'a wolf-fighting ox' EIF 49 . dam dílenn a fabulous ox of antiquity. Originally a stag of flood, according to Stokes, Acall. p. 394 ; rather the ox of Dil, cf. dam dile, H 2.16 , p. 242 : dam dili treasingnadh Glinne Dalláin. asind loch cédna táinic a athair co ndechaid for boin do buaib in bhrughadh robói i fail na cilli co ndergnai in dam de; and Dinds. 44 : dá dam Dile ingine Lugmanrach. ib. 111 : dam Dile. SG ii 472. 10 : Bregh a ainm daiṁ Dhile. LL 210 a 15 : daim Díle. METAPH. of persons LL 9635 . —In `dam Dile' the `i' is short, as is proved by Metr. Dinds. iii 198. 25 ( LL 198 a 46 ): Dile: gile (Gwynn). Díle (LL) interchanging with dílenn (Rennes MS, BB), Metr. Dinds. iii 204. 53 .— geisidh daṁ dilenn dá héis, Acall. 850 . gu Cathair Dhaiṁ díleann, ib. 1250 . atát daiṁ dileann ┐ cliathbernadha cét inniú i Cnuc na Cenn, BLism. 129 b 2 . atberam dano do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craebaib ┐ do daṁaibh dilind ┐ dordaib esoirgni ┐ do ṁergeadaib &c. , BB 452 a. roforbair (in béist) cona ba luga hí oltás dam dílend, PH 7221 . roba coṁrac dá daṁ ṅdíleann in coṁrac sin, ITS v 64. 4 .

dam riattae a trained ox, broken to the plough: screpall ar miaslach luluigh ┐ daiṁ riata, Laws ii 200. 3 . bud daim ríata láig ár mbó, SG 396. 38 .

LOC. Dam drend, TBC-LL¹ 4802 . co Dam ṅderg, ib. 4806 . Dam-inis, Inis na nDam, Onom.

COMPDS. óc-dam: hoc jumentum ógdhaṁ, Ir. Gl. 758 . Hib. Min. 43 (metaph.). ro-dam a great ox ZCP x 369 . cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam, Laws ii 74. 18 . FB 91 .

II A stag : dodúisgeadh agoinn daṁ donn, ITS vii 81. 16 . dam donn, 'fallow deer' Acall. 3521 . conaccatar ... daumu móra mǽla ina ligu, RC ix 482.8 . do bupthad na ndam, 482.10 . daṁ seng ag ithe in ḟeóir nua, ib. 18 . mór ndaṁ ndearg dothuit lea nágh, ib. 83. 7 . marbaid .vii. naighi díb imna trí damaib, Aen. 276 . dam allaid, gen. daim allto (-a) a stag. cervos gl. inna dumu alti, Ml. 48 d 9 . dá dam allaid (dual) LU 41 a 39 . asé roforchongair forin daṁ nallaidh toidheacht do threabhadh chuige est qui jussit cervum in aratro laborare Acta Sanct. 306 b n. 17 . adchi ...tri doiṁ allta romora, Aen. 273 . hoc cubile. leabaid in daim all[ta], Ir. Gl. 858 .

III METAPH. a champion, hero : ric in dam tri coecat ṅglonn, RC xx 144. 23 . am dam (.i. ar treisi) secht ṅdírend, LL 12 b 40 . a leo a ócdaim a aqil (of Christ), Hib. Min. 43. 15 . mac Feideilmid daim dásachtaich, Rawl. 152 a 33 . dongní daṁ dásachtach dím, Aen. 537 . posta...daim na céille, ITS xi 54 § 8 .

PERS. Mac in Daim, Imr. Brain 63. 20 . mac Daim Argait, LL 341. 37 . la Cairpre Dam nArgait, ib. 142 b . Dorcha ┐ Dam, Lec. 548 a 33 . 552 b 32 . LOC. Gleann Daiṁ, Gadelica ii 90. 11 .

dartaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dartaid or dil.ie/14701
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dartaid, dartuid, dartoid, dairtaid, dartait, dartaith, dartad, dartaig, dartada, dartuid, dartada, dartado, dartada, dairtida

n i. n s. dartaid, Laws iv 28. 19 ; 312. 12 , 15 , 23 ; BDD § 159 ; Corm. s.v. clithar sét ; BB 311 a 13 ; ZCP iii 204. 10 (LU); Dinds. § 66 . dartuid, Laws ii 152. 2 . dartoid, O'Mulc. 753 . dairtaid, Laws iv 312. 17 . dartait (i.e. dartaith), Corm. l.c. YBL. dartad, BB 311 a 13 . dartaig, Macd. g s. dartada; Laws i 184. 5 f.b. ii 258. 14 . LU 79 a 39 . Dinds. § 61 . IT ii2 185 . Rawl. 92 a 15 . 127 a 12 . Gorm. Feb. 12 . n du. dá dartuid , Laws ii 74. 18 . n p. dartada, ib. i 190. 3 , 7 . dartado (: bo), orig. the a p., Liad. and Cuir. 18. 6 .—a p. dartada, LL 339 a 10 . dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b.

A heifer or a bull calf growing into , tarb and dam. See EIF 60-61 , ZCP xlii 93, 100 . Dinds. § 66 a dartaid is called a tarb: doriacht bó Nero cona tarb ina díaidh coro géis oc Ráith Cruachan coro mothaig in Findbennach coro gleac dóib ┐ ba fortail in dartaid (referring to tarb as the corresponding passage RC x 226 proves ). It is reckoned as a dam (m. and f.) LU 79 a 39 : do chotutlethar chruaid choirtchide do formna .vii. ndamseched ndartada (= TBC-LL¹ 2561 , 2568 , cf. CCath. 5228 ); BB 311 a 13 : damogam .i. tarb...dam...colpthach...dartaid ar aicme ailme .i. dartad (sic) ii d.¤ , &c.; O'Mulc. 753 : is cend daim for dartoid (dam is said of the full-grown animal). A `dartaid' is reckoned among the `minchethrae' and `sesc-slabrae,' the small and still unproductive cattle: samaisci ┐ colpacha...nó dairti ┐ dartada .i. minchethra, Laws i 190. 7 . im siscslabra an indle .i. na dairt ┐ na dartada....i. na hindlithe re torba, ib. i 190. 3 . Corm. (s.v. clithar sét) speaks of a dartaid firenn a male dartaid (Corm. YBL) and dartaid bainenn a she-dartaid (but probably the latter is merely a scribal error for dairt baininn, EIF 60 n. 244 ); the application to the female is very old as the npr. f. Dartaid shows.

Frequent in the Laws, indicating the `sét' of the lowest value, the `sét gabla.' Its value was one-twelfth of a cow, i.e. two screpalls (not three as Atkinson says), or three `miach' ( ii 258. 14 ); the dairt (= three screpalls) ranks higher: dígu sét somaíne .i. in sét is díthogaidi somaíne ann .i. dartaid dá screpall, Laws iv 28. 19 . dartada (g s.) .i. agh trí miach, ib. ii 258. 14 . sét gabla didiu isé is lugam .i. dartaid (dartait YBL) ḟirend ┐ colpach boineand nó colpach ḟirend ┐ dairt (dartaid YBL) boinend, Corm. s.v. clithar sét . According to their value the gradation is as follows: dartaid, dairt, colpach, samaisc, bó, Laws iv 312 . 12 - 15 . dartuid ┐ dairt ┐ colpuch, ib. ii 152. 2 . cóic seoit i ndul tria tech tria lias di brisiud a comla. dartaid i fleisc tís. dairt i fleisc thuas. samaisc...colpdach...dairt i naursain airthir tighe dairtaid i naursain iarthair tige, ib. iv 312. 15 sq. dairt i crand nairide thiar dartaid i crann nairide do thein, ib. 312. 23 . Corm. l.c. dartaid , dairt, and colpach are joined into one grade (the `cétna sét'); then come: samaisc in sét tánaise. laulgach nó dam timchill arathair in tress sét ┐ isé sin in ríisét.

Further instances: nocho tabraid side acht na ceathra foilli inásas acu na dairti ┐ na dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b. cu ngealut dá dartuid fri rodam ┐ cu ngelut dá dartuid sech rodam that two `dartaids' graze as much as a great ox ib. ii 74. 18 . dartada, ib. i 184. 5 f.b. icdai dartaid hi cind gait inna forreith do Diarmait, ZCP iii 204. 10 , cf. SG 396 . 30 . dartado (n p.), Liad. and Cuir. 18. 6 . dartaid inide a heifer three years old at Shrovetide Macd. 312 b . Manners and Customs iii 568 b .

PROV. is cend daim for dartoid mórpersan for becphobul, O'Mulc. 753 . METAPH. Ingcél ┐ a dā bráthair .i. Echell ┐ Tulchinne .i. dartaid na díberca the Yearling of the Reavers (Stokes) BDD § 159 . Synon. tarbíne, Echtra Nera RC x 226 , cf. Dinds. § 66 .

Dairt and dartaid both originate from the root of dairid, dáir, but their relation to each other is not clear; dartaid looks like a nom. ag., dairt like a vn. Both words became early obsolete, probably in early Mid.-Ir. The form dairtid ( dairtida, Laws v 386. 3 f.b. ) shows the influence of dairt. Dartada in the passage: nocon ḟarrgaib acht teora dartada in Hérind .i. dairt i Cliu dairt i lLiniu dairt i Cuailṅgiu, LL 389 a 10 , is either due to confusion of dairt and dartaid, or it is an early instance of the Mid.-Ir. pl. in -adha.—Cf. dáir, dairid, 1 dairt, dartán.

deiscéimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deiscéimm or dil.ie/15266

 

n (dess + céimm) lit. a step to the right, apparently a definite measure; full pace: se traigthi i ndeisceim, Laws iv 276.24 . deisceim dá traigh co leth eside, O'Dav. 1048 (see Gwynn, Ériu ix 157 ). deisceim ┐ tua[th]ceim cach leth imaire .i. ceim da leith deis ┐ da leith chli .i. lethet cach imairi dibh no secht foit arathair , O'D. 2350 ( Rawl. B 506, 40a ). mata ac iarraidh conaire isedh dlegar deisceim ┐ tuadcheim do legud do (i.e. if a man's land lies between that of two co-tenants he must have access to the common woods, etc.), 2270 (23b). Cf. O'Don. Suppl. s.v. airceann, traighidh.

do-immchella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-immchella or dil.ie/17856

 

Forms: to-n-imchéla, dodomchela, du-n-immerchell, dorimchell, do-s-rimchell, duimcheltar, timchell, timchellad, timchellaid, timchillid, timchellaigid

v (* to-imb-cell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 483 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. to-n-imchéla, Thes. ii 33 . dodomchela (= do-d-imchela), LU 10051 . Perf. 3 s. du-n-immerchell, Ml. 108a12 . dorimchell, BDD § 154 . do-s-rimchell, TBC-I¹ 1997 , TBC-LL¹ 2652 . Pass. pres. s. duimcheltar, Ml. 108a14 . Vn. timchell, timchellad. Later as simple vb. timchellaid, timchillid, timchellaigid. IGT Verbs §§ 52 , 65 , 84 .

(a) goes round, makes a circuit of: gl. ambire, Ml. 108a14 ; BCr. 36c1 . cech mbliadain dosstimchellae (of the sun), SR 180 . annamh tír dar thimchil grian, 3 C 13, 788.14 . na renda thimceallat in doman, Ériu ii 126 . nochar thimcilsit renna | cenn amar cenn Ailella, Celt. Rev. iv 24 . timchellad (leg. timchellat) a tech imme cúaird ón dorus dialailiu they march round the house, TBFr. 83 . doimchellaind mo dúrais `I went the round of my abode', Imr. Brain ii 290 ( LU 1312 ). rothimchill fo thrí in topur, Metr. Dinds. ii 30 . timchillsead Erind fo thri sailed round, BB 39a23 . dosrimcheallsat Erinn, Leb. Gab.(i) i 250 . dobērthar duid . . . ina timcellfa do charbat co haidchi as much (land) as thy chariot shall go round, BB 192a29 . rotimchell cath na columan fo thrí, Fianaig. 94 . do thimchill E. an cath fa naoi, ML 134 . Macne Conchobuir . . . ní rothimchell cath ná crech | nónbur ardosaraigfed, ZCP viii 217 . Cf. TBC-I¹ 1997 , TBC-LL¹ 2652 . luidh dochum na heglaisi ┐ do thimcoll martra, Ériu v 120 . timchelat (leg. timchellad) reilicc, Ériu ii 228 . toimchiullu (leg. -a) hEreo hule co fuair ind ingin traverses , RC iii 345 . is e timchellas hErind ind-ōenlō, TBC-I¹ 1110 . doimchellind hEirind, Imr. Brain ii 288 . do thimchil aoin-bhean Éirinn, Keat. iii 4134 (poem). rotimchellus in tír I scoured the country, PH 1570 . timchillit . . . oirer Bóinne, O'Gr. Cat. 502 . gur thimchill sé na seacht dtuatha so Ḟearmanach, Maguires of F. § 54 . dorimchell rigusciu hErend, BDD § 154 . dlighidh a saerbiathadh . . . secib dú timcella every place he visits in his circuit, Laws iv 344 Comm. In loose sense: in tí timcellus int arathair . . . no ní d'a timcelltar in arathair, in brot the person that goes round (keeps about) the plough or the thing which is made to go round it, the goad, v 488 Comm. timchelsat teora cúarda cech ḟir díb ir-ríge `they went round three circuits each man of them' (i.e. each took three turns), RC xvi 280 . Intrans.: ǽrat tonimchéla luna inna óenmís as far as Luna goes round, Thes. ii 33 . doimchealla[t] creasa immon nem, Ériu ii 110 . quodcunque mare nad timchella imac(h)uairt ut Mare Terrenum which does not circulate (?), Corm. Y 753 . rothimchill dáil teallaigh aca rations went round, ITS v 12 .

(b) surrounds, encompasses: gl. amictari, Ml. 90d5 . Mons Sión .i. duimchella son in cathraig andes ┐ aniar ┐ antuaid, 67d8 . fo cosmailis nacha catrach tonimcella oen-mūr, Hib. Min. 220 . na trí mūir . . . timchellait in primcathraig, SR 422 . in chathir . . . dosrimchelsat secht múir, 5059 . égusc na cóic righthighi timchilles na secht neime, RC xxiv 372 . an tan dotnimcellat (leg. dodn-) drechta gialna when . . . surround him, Laws iv 336 Comm. do thimchealladar iomad do mhadadhaibh mé (= circumdederunt), TSh. 3880 . do baei . . . gur thimchealaigh, IGT Verbs ex. 830 . an ḟcoil thimchiollus an cnaim, 23 K 42, 103.16 . In med. tracts freq. = anoints, poultices: timcillter a[n] nescóid le casia ┐ le huisci, 23 P 10, 54 . timcillter an goin lé cre Armenia, 67.42 . timtillter an tsuil le licium , 89.7 . Surrounds (one thing with another), with pers. subj.: timchillid in Coimdiu in cuthi o níul, PH 1222 . gur bé Dia . . . do thimchill mé le n-a líon, Job xix 6 . do thimchioll sé na huisceadha lé teorannuibh, Psalms xxvi 10 . timcheallfaid th'eascaraid 'na mainnir thú (= circumdabunt te vallo), TSh. 1064 . In sense limits, sets bounds to: tarla buille do trosttán Senáin don Chlárach, gur thimchill a shaoghal cut short his life, ZCP x 12 .

fairche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fairche or dil.ie/21146

 

n , f. (Mid. Ir. form of O. Ir. parche < parūchia) a parish, or monastic diocese , used in wide sense of the sphere of authority or influence of a particular cleric, and esp. of the ecclesiastical district or group of monasteries ruled by the same abbot (see Plummer, V. SS. Hib. i p. cxii ) : cech apstal ina ḟairche ndílis fodessin, LB 153a48 . fairchi iarthair Midhi do chur le cathair Cluana maic Nóis `the diocese of Westmeath' RC xviii 291 (Tig.) = do roinnedh fairce ceall Fer Mide ar dhó etir Epscop Cluana muc Nois ┐ Epscop Cluana Iraird, CS 1107 . dona faircheadhaibh nó dona dioséisibh is da dteorannaibh amhail do horduigheadh san tSeanadh so Rátha Breasail, Keat. iii 4715 . Fairche Thuama `the see of Tuaim' 4737 . o Eirne go Sionainn suairc | f.¤ mo chiosa the district of my tribute (of St. Maedóc) BNnÉ 238.18 . báoi gnathughadh oc Ciaran fora mhancaibh gusan fairci bai léo, 108.36 . Banba ben C[h]uinn chédchathaig | don bannaeimh as í as fairche Banba (i.e. Ireland) is the saint's diocese (of Gobnat) ZCP xiii 19.24 . In loose sense a territory, district, etc. : for fairchi in arathair ploughing-field Fél. 72.22 . fairche faltshoilse th'fhuinn ghloin, Measgra D. 50.23 . sgotha fíona in gach f.¤ , Content. xxx 11 . falamh gach f.¤ (gl. fásach gacha fearainn) Ó Bruad. iii 178 .

See pairche.

1 fúaimm, fúamm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fúaimm, fúamm or dil.ie/24624

 

Forms: f., fuam, fúaim, fuaim

n n, n. later m. n s. f.¤ n-amra, SR 3309 . fuam ṅgle, 1359 . fúaim nglan, LU 4319 . LL 150b4 . fuaim n-echraide, 6899 . On derivation see Marstrander ZCP vii 364 .

(a) a sound, noise , in wide sense of inarticulate sounds whether natural or artificial, harmonious or discordant : Is é in f.¤ ┐ fothrom ... atchuala-som, TBC-LL¹ 5072 . estecht re [a] f.¤ ┐ re [a] fothrom (viz. of the contending bulls) 6165 . nach[a] rōbda fuam in tslúaig, LU 4678 . fúam bó mblecht, fúam cerdchae, fúam arathair , Triads 146 . la fúaim na spréde, LU 6923 ( BDD 54 ). (caide guth trom ?) .i. fuaim tuinne fri carraig, Ériu xiii 36 (4).23 . co cloisind ... fúam na fairrge, ZCP v 496 = Measgra D. p. 120 . fuaim eassa na sroth sin ... ba bindi na cach ceol, IT iii 195 § 35 . fuaimm flescbuille the swish of a whip Ériu iii 14 § 8 . fúaim na .v. rann ... ac tuitim, RC xxiv 382.16 = YBL 86a23 ; cf. la fuam ... thorainn ┐ luachait, Ériu ii 138.2 . fri fuaim gemrid, Ériu vii 4.1 . a n-uaim ┐ a fogor ┐ a macalla (of the clash of armies in battle), Cog. 180.13 (a ffuaim ┐ a n-esorccain v.l.). pl. tri fúammann móaigthe, Triads 146 . fogur ┐ fúamand ... na fial sin oc comríachtain, LU 2068 ( FA 14 ). ro siac[h]t a mbresmaidm ┐ a fuamannai ... co fircleit[h]i sleibi O., CCath. 5628 . go cclos a ffuamanna ... i ccléithibh aeoir (of ordnance) AFM vi 2028.8 . Flaithbertach fúamann `F. of the shoutings' Metr. Dinds. iv 206 . teach na tri fumand, fuaim cloichi i mbrochan, etc. O'D. 2398 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 50a ). Rarely of language : mise chanus an dán, | chuirios plán is fuaim na dhiaid, O'Gr. Cat. 618.25 (`that first give the "piano," then follow it up with a burst of "forte"' O'Gr.; that conceive the plan and then put it into words ?) uatha uirthi níor fríth linn fuaim nó focal do chomaoinn, Keat. Poems 8 .

Common in chevilles : ba fúam fír, SR 6457 . fúam tricc 523 , 1359 . fuam cert, 3311 . fúaim col-lí, LU 3755 ( SCC 34 ). fuaim can meirg, LL 211a14 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 22 ). Cath Fairgge, fedil in fúaim, Metr. Dinds. iii 462 .

In sense a reproach, charge (cf. guth in same use) : f.¤ .i. tobeim, Lec. Gl. 494 . Metr. Gl. 6 .

Compds. fuamchleas ` noise-feat ' (one of Cú Chulainn's feats) RC xxix 128.3 . ¤daith swift of word(?) : flaith fechair fuamdaith, Rawl. 116c39 = Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 16 ; `rühmlich gewandt' Meyer.

2 ? gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ? gabal or dil.ie/25033

 

n tribute, tax ? (A.S. gafol, `rent tax, due'). ro boí rodgabáil ┐ salanngabal for Árainn, Anecd. iii 60.24 . a lethgabol étaig do brutt no da léinid no inur `half of clothes for mantle or for shirt or for tunic,' Ériu i, 220 § 14 and 224 note ( H 3.17, c. 854 ). leth-ghabhul diabalta d'íc ris (for example, in the relation between a `flaith' and a `céile' if the fief consisted of stolen property and if the `flaith' knew, but the `céile' did not know, the latter is entitled to separate, and the `leth-gabul d.' is to be paid to him in addition to `eneclann,' apparently a specific fine), O'D. 2262 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 21c ). See also Laws Gl. s.v. leth . May be cpd. of gabál, q.v. sét gabla, a minor chattel, MacNeill, Law of status 275, n. 3 . A sét of the lowest value, contrasted with the normal sét (= a samaisc) and the highest (clithar-sét = a milch cow or a ploughing ox). aen set gabla diri fochlaccain, Laws v 58.16 . Defined : sēt gabla ... is e as laigheam and .i. dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, nō colpach firend ┐ dartaid boinend, Corm. Y 209 (s.v. clithar sēt). cach tris sēt sét gabla, samaisc alaili, lulgach nō dam timchill arathair araile (i.e. the three séts in rising gradations, of which the highest is the `clithar-sét' or `king's sét'), ib. Same definition, Ir. Recht (Dīre) § 6 . Cf., however, set gabla .i. samusc ┐ colpthach firenn no cetloegh ┐ colpach boinen, O'Curry 506 ( H 3.18, p. 257 ). brosna do setaib gabla, Laws i 478.25 Comm. Cf. cuic seoit ..., acht it seoit gabla, Laws iv 144.32 Comm. Often gl. in Comm. by gablaigid, q.v. Cf. v 58.16 , 18 ; 388.4 , 14 ; O'Curry 618 ( H 3.18, p. 299 ) ; O'Curry 1454 ( H 3.18, 658a ). gabhla flatha forbach .i. ate forbuain gablaighthear don fhlaith sech gach duine is isle inás levy-shares are the taxes of a lord, O'Curry 1623 - 4 ( 23 Q 6, p. 7b ). O'Gr. Cat. 81.6. The earlier examples here may be attributed to gabál and the remainder to gabul, so that the word is doubtful.

íarn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarn or dil.ie/27041
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: iarn, ïarn, íarn, íarann, īarnn, híairn, iairn, iarn, eirnd, iurn, iurn, iarnd, erna, herna, iarna, íarnda, iarnu, n-íarnd, t-iaronn, híarann, iarind, d'iarund, iarand, iaronn, íarann, iearnn, iarnn, ioarn, Iarnnboidbh, Iarunngléo

n o, m. Earlier n.: iarn nderg, Anecd. ii 58.13 . Orig. ïarn, later íarn, monosyllabic, and íarann. n s. īarnn, Corm. Y 739. g s. iairn (disyll), LL i 4984 . híairn, Thes. ii 249.6 . iairn, TBC-LL¹ 4245. BDD² 532. IGT Decl. ex. 373. iarn, AU i 492.20 . Rawl. 117c49 . eirnd, O'Mulc. 420. iairnd, LU 7744 . d s. asind iurn , LB 236b48 . o iurn , PH 1276. ó iarnd , PH 2024. a p. erna, Laws v 390.23 . fri herna , Críth G. 191. iarna, LL 15a26 . na íarnda (v.l. iarnu), Trip.² 2594. g p. ar n-íarnd , 2592 . Also n s. in t-iaronn , Laws i 140.22 Comm. a s. le híarann nderg, Maund. § 158. g s. iarind, LU 8655 (FB). íaraind, LU 1444 . d s. d'iarund, Laws v 16.z Comm. do iarand , Acall. 1718 n . ar an earand, Celtica ii 70.24 . g p. iaronn, Lat. Lives 57.6 . See IGT Decl. 54.9 : íarann iearnn (v.ll. iarnn ioarn). See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 119 ff .

I iron: i.¤ nderg n-ernbasach, Anecd. ii 58.13 . huma no iarann, Laws v 384.3 . seichida ocus iarann ocus saland, iii 426.23 Comm. īarnn .i. iarth i[n] nortmanica ling[u]a , Corm. Y 739. ara se[c]dacht amal iarunn `on account of its hardness like iron,' Auraic. 1314. co sústaib iarind, LU 8655. co feithnib iairn with bands of iron, BDD² 532. cēin mbis iarnd i tinid, O'Mulc. 475. a ḟuathbróic ... do iurn athlegtha, TBC-LL¹ 3729. as bhar ngeimlechaib ... glas-iaraind, MR 178.4 . méin iairn iron ore, ZCP xi 85 § 39b . na saergeimlech sen-iaraind `noble fetters of old iron,' MR 178.1 . amal bid iarnn derg candens ferrum, Lat. Lives 96.1 . comrair luadi chumdachtu o iurn, PH 1276. ni ro-helned ó iarnd `was unstained by iron,' 2024 . a mbeirt fhúarfhoirfe iairn `in a chilly suit of complete steel,' Studies 1921, 418 § 8 . ar Sléib an Iairn, IGT Decl. ex. 424.

II

(a) a weapon or implement of iron: nis gaibtís acht iarna nemide, LL 15a26 . ar fuilib híairn `against bleedings caused by iron,' Thes. ii 249.6 . iurnn imfaebair .i. ... in t-iarunn ara mbi in dá faebhar, O'Dav. 1135. áilgius imberta a n-iaraind `the craving to wield their weapons,' CCath. 621. aithigud ar n-iaronn `ferramenta acuere,' Lat. Lives 57.6 . dod laim na do iarund with a weapon, Aen. 1268. bla iarand airlech .i. slan don ti berius in tiarunn d'airlech na marti `the exemption as regards iron in slaughtering,' Laws iii 286.5 - 6 . bendachais Pátraic na íarnda comdar soimmbertu de, Trip.² 2594. i.¤ cach gníma, Críth G. 405. erna arathair ocus erna trebtha, Laws v 390.23 . benaid an t-iarand asan crand `take the coulter out of the beam,' BCC 62.32 . ní bentar an t-iarann air | don chrann re headh an earraigh, L. Cl. A. B., 106.145 . iarann bhar n-each, DDána 68 § 20. níor barradh faoi ar iarnaibh each `steeds have not been shod,' TD 17 § 64. do bhádhas ceangailte, ní lé hiarann comhaightheach `ligatus sum non ferro alieno,' TSh. 7538. the iron blade of a weapon: cnarr .i. ga ... da dornn .x. etar a hiarann ┐ ... a hurlann, O'Dav. 495. i.¤ na scene `the blade of the knife,' Laws i 132.23 Comm.

(b) armour: Gaill ... etir i.¤ ┐ cen i.¤ , AU ii 230.17 .

Compds. ¤bás death caused by a weapon of iron: ar cech nernbās (.i. ar cech niarnbas) `against every iron-death,' Thes. ii 352.4 . See ernbas and ernbasach. ¤blaith of smooth iron: ro imreadar ... na cloidme iarannblaithi, CF 628. ro nochtadar ... a cloidhme altgorma iarannblaithi, 880 . ¤bodb npr. m. loscoth Iarnnboidbh mic Gartnaith, AU i 106.6 . ¤chrúaid iron-hard: la Heochaid n-iūil, n-iarann-chrūaidh, ITS xli 2044 . ¤gait robbery with violence?: luid Odras 'na hiarn-gait (v.l. hiarnaidh, hiarraidh) `Odras came to despoil her by arms,' Metr. Dinds. iv 198.37 . ¤gléo npr. m.: Iarunngléo Fáthach, Cóir Anm. § 95. Iaraindgleo du gabail rige, Todd Lect. iii 300.28 . ¤gua : noī mīss cen iarngua ro-reth | a hiarmhua Labusardech 'for nine months without stern falsehood ran his grandson Labosordacus' Études Celt. vii 24.295 . ¤lestar an iron vessel: tucad chucu a n-ena ┐ a ndabcha ┐ a n-iarnlestair, TBC-LL¹ 64. sleagh ┐ cloidem ┐ iarnleastar, Acall. 3543.

íarnaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarnaide or dil.ie/27047
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: iarnaighe

adj io, iā, (íarn)

I iron, made of iron: iarnaighe gl. ferreus, Ir. Gl. 608. clóthi ... rindaithi i.¤ , IT i 191.15 . rotha íarnaidi in carpait, LU 6500. co flescaib iarnaidib ...d'esorcain na pecthach, 2085 . id iarnaidi na thimchiull, TBC-LL¹ 1229. caeca slabhradh iarnaidhe eisti, CF 681. co n-adharcuibh iarnuidhe, ML² 53. grāta iernaidhe, Fl. Earls 204.19 . crithnaighídh na slabradu ... solus-iarnaidhe steel-bright? MR 178.3 . dath earnaidi , Celtica ii 70.23 .

In a metaphorical sense: dubc[h]otludh iarnaidhe inn ecca, CCath. 6071. lém thoil iarnaidhe féin `mea ferrea voluntate,' TSh. 7539. ge no beth .c. gin agumsa ... ┐ guth iarnaidhi, Aen. 1409. do shlógh iarnuidhe Ioffoirn, Aithd. D. 53 § 9.

II As subst.

(a) an iron implement or fitting, weapon, fetter: rochuirset iarnaidhi a n-arathar i n-armaib catha `they turned the iron of their ploughs into arms ...,' Aen. 1764. ralegaid acus raluathchumaid a n-iarrnaigi athcnaiti arathair, a corrana acus a rastail ... comdais airm aithgera, TTebe 1277 . an sagart do léigen as na gér-iarnaighibh ina raibhe from the sharp fetters, Ériu v 92.14 . do ghrádh th'aon-mhic do céasadh le hiarnaighe i gcrann, Keat. Poems 401.

(b) armour, mail: ni geibdís acht iarnaighi umpu, BB 43a50 .

leth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leth or dil.ie/30036
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: leth, leith, leithe, leithe, lethe, leithi, lethe, -leithe, leath, leithdeimhin, lethshathach

n o and s, n. Freq. treated as two words, l. o, n. half and l. s, n. side (e.g. GOI, Críth Gabl., BDD). But it is in some contexts difficult to decide between the two meanings, and cf. d s. leth (side), Ml. 51d3 , 128a1 ( leith, 62b13 ), d s. leith (half), Sg. 18a4 (but see note in Thes.), leuth, BCr. 3c , SR 8041 ; g du. leithe, Sg. 25b6 is ambiguous in meaning, and with lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 may belong to the by-form leithe, which latter. however, is more reliably attested in meaning side than in meaning half: a s. lethe, Imr. Brain 49 , leithi, TBC-I¹ 525. d s. lethe (MS.), Críth G. 428 , Grail 2004 . -leithe, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 .

In later lang. more usual in meaning half (for meaning side cf. taeb) except in adv. and prep. phrases, in which both meanings are frequent. leath m., IGT Decl. § 31. f. , § 39 .

A in meaning side, direction .

I

(a) side: cia beth cosar do cluim glain / fom dda lethe though I had a couch strewn of down beneath my sides, ZCP xiii 258.11 . a beóil for leith a cind, BDD² 541. Cf. do-berad urcar do cloich fuirre ┐ níba cian o leit[h] a cinn, TBC St. 1311 . tibri da leithe `to laugh on all sides', Laws v 228.27 (a kind of satire) .i. gaire uime . . . do cach l.¤ , 230.13 Comm . ? gur gab cairde fair ona cethre lethaib, asrenar . . . a di chumal cairde gacha leithe dona cethre lethaib, O'Curry 2532 - 3 ( Eg. 88, 44 ). ord cumaisc imorro .i. a cumusc a gabail as a leth deridh `the latter end(?)', Laws v 26.21 Comm . ro-claenad-som . . . cach l.¤ don luiṅg, TTebe 1995 . fal na leiti-si (sic) . . . don longphort, CCath. 5177 . tréd na loidhe ar leith an cnuic, Irish Texts ii 2 § 8 . ruc sí . . . mac forsin faidche ┐ sí fó leith ina dromlaig carrying one side of the pail(?), SG 326.28 ( RC xxiv 190.13 ). ? Page: fec leath 91, 92, MS. Mat. 573.29 (see lethenach). Less freq. direction, region : sechip l.¤ fon ṁbith foguir `on whatever side', Thes. ii 300.4 ( Hy. i ). cid féchai-siu issind l.¤ cían úait, IT i 121.10 ( TE 6 Eg.). mairg lingis lēim in l.¤-sain (i.e. towards Hell), ZCP vi 265 § 15. is i do leath coir tanacais you have done well to come, Aen. 1870. In chevilles: forom l.¤ , LU 3867 ( SCC 38 ). slúaig ós lethaib, Airne F. 288. Obscure: tāinic gaimred co ngainni / rolīnsat lethe linni `die Wasser haben die Flachlande angefüllt', Bruchst. i 67 § 156 (letha, v.l.). da each a laim leath aer sealba `two horses in hand at the border of the land', Laws iv 18.20 (leth saor selba, v.l.).

(b) Of twofold division of a house side (?), part (?); indala l.¤ de crín ┐ araile úr one part of seasoned and the other of green wood, Trip.² 601 . isind le[i]th ailiu, i fochlu on the other side, the north, Críth G. 591 . l.¤ in tige . . . do Conchobur . . . a ll.¤ n-aill do bantrocht Ulad, LU 8159 ( FB 12 ). l.¤ in tige . . . la Connachta ┐ in l.¤ aile la Ulto, Sc.M² 5 . isin leith aile in tigi, TTebe 473 . san leith oile `in the other division', TD 11.16 . an uair do chuiridís tuighe ar leath an tighe . . . chum na leithe oile, Oss. iii 216. 18 - 19 .

(c) Of the sides of the body with dess and clé: atá . . . / a scíath da leith chlíu on his left side, MU² 489 . certláech da leith deis . . . fer bec . . . da leith chlí on his right, on his left, 538 - 40 . don ochtmad asna uachtarach chleib a lethi deis Adaim doronta Eua, MacCarthy 48.12 . dul sa leath chlé dod chridhe / slighe i dteach nDé 'gun duine, DDána 10.25 . ar uaisle an leithe dheis dil, Content. i 10 . dá dheis . . . dá leith chlí, TSh. 4090 . do leith do láimhe deise, DDána 24.23 .

(d) With words indicating points of compass: fri mílid in lethe atúaid `of the northern region', Metr. Dinds. iv 40.7 . forin leith tuaiscertaigh don áth, TBC St. 2869 . don leith thuaidh, DDána 64.36 . leath thúaigh northward, Deuteronomy iii 27 . barsan leith descertach ind átha, TBC-LL¹ 3387 . mad od leith anneas gai[res an drean], Ériu viii 122.27 . ar an táobh theas leath theas on the south side southwards, Exodus xxvi 18 . don leath ṡoir eastwards, 2 Kings xiii 17 .

As acc. of destination, Ériu xli 34 .

(e) In phr. (a) l.¤ with clause containing verb of motion the direction in which, anywhere, wherever : nistá leó l.¤ do-coiset do chuincid neich `they have nowhere that they can go to beg anything', Mon. Tall. 128.10 . in l.¤ bertait sin hí lecidsi dóib wherever they bring her, LU 3125 . l.¤ dia mbí in gaeth is fris bís in chomla facing the wind, BDD² 1312 . hiss ē l.¤ ruc-sum a rēim / co Cenannas, Fing. R. 659 . é l.¤ luidi for tochmarc, Metr. Dinds. ii 2.20 . teis lee alleath gebus remat `you shall go with it whither it will go before you', Ériu v 120.16 . régat a l.¤ dīa tuitched `I shall go whither I have set out', i 116.8 . in leith teid (of a spear), Laws v 30.11 Comm . in leath bearar [in] slúaigead, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . is é l.¤ do-chuaid Conn ar a imgabāil a mesg c[h]lainni . . . Morna, ML² 1806.

Also with cach: cach led dochoid-som sund wherever he went, Wb. 14c20 . cach l.¤ no théged, IT i 130.23 . cech l.¤ naragdais, ZCP viii 110 § 7.

For the construction is é l.¤ attoíbi . . . co dú, is aentadach fri . . . co dú this is the context of, this is a parallel passage to, etc. see at(t)oíbi, oentadach.

In a large variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

II With adverbs of direction: ar in leirg l.¤ ifus, CRR 56. immot breith assa leith adíu `about carrying thee hence', Ériu i 130.34 . isind leith anall on the far side (of the house), BDD² 669 . l.¤ anall don ḟidh `on this side of', Ériu iii 164.29 . leath thall d'Fhinn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 8.27 . lethatshuas dinn `above', O'Gr. Cat. 232.x . da'n dá cical so lethatís dind, 290.27 . don leith amuidh externally, Grail 2621 . leith amuich outside (contr. with astig), Párl. na mB. 2132 . l.¤ amaich d'Eirinn outside I., Acall. 6457 . leath amuigh do uile-theorannaibh na Breataine, Keat. ii 1718 . beith leith amuich don phecadh without sin, ITS xxix 189.13 . leith amuigh don dá chás adubhart apart from, Mac Aingil 4529 . leath amuigh d'aicídibh tura an fhíona except for, Eochairsg. 95.22 . l.¤ amuigh do mnaib not including, BCC 228.35 (§ 237) . leath 'muigh gurab amhluidh . . . apart from the fact that, Luc. Fid. 3765 . l.¤ istich inside, Celtica ii 78.278 . andsa treas alt . . . l.¤ astig `on the third interior joint', O'Gr. Cat. 295.4 . leath istigh dar gcuimhne féin `within our own memory', Keat. ii 423. Cf. also: is uathaib sin l.¤ i fat gach ferann `far and wide', SG 121.31 . In form la-: dobert ferann do laistiar in the west, Rawl. 119a17 . lais tiar iar fuine ngréne, Fél. 112.25 . bóirdréis . . . tímpchioll a ccótaoi lastíos below, Párl. na mB. 538 . d'fhan an marc-shluagh la-amuigh, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 49.4 .

III With pronominalia.

(a) With poss. a his, its : co sceasain cach ball de a leithi (sescaind, lethe, LU) his limbs sprang apart, TBC-I¹ 525. sreith cechtar de a l.¤ he knocked each of them in a different (lit. his own) direction, LL 13983 . tēit in slōg uili for teiched, cach fer a l.¤ , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 34 § 4 . luid cách a lethi each went his way, LL 14308 . téit . . . cechtar de a l.¤ íar sain, TBFr. 169.

(b) With aile. With prep. DO and art. on the other side (freq. of battle, contest, etc.): bite i n-irgail . . . friu duṅdala leith, Ml. 47c3 . dind leith ailiu gl. illinc, BCr. 32a4 ( Thes. ii 16 ). at-raghat side súass, at-raghat didiu Ulaid don leith eile, Sc.M² 18 R . dilluid F. . . . don l.¤ oili a mBōaind entered the Boyne on the other side, ZCP viii 120.14 . tiocfaid leis don leith oile / guais-ṡeabhuic Bheann mBoghoine, TD 4.43 . don dara l.¤ . . . don leith eili (of simultaneous elections to a bishopric), Ann. Conn. 1307.12 . In more general sense on the other hand, alternatively. Cf. ho l.¤ ailiu gl. e regione, Ml. 128a1 . dob'áil liom . . . dob'áil leam dhon leith oile . . . , DDána 5.15 . don leith oile, L. Cl. A. B. 192.73 . don leith oile adeir Críost . . . , TSh. 1642 . In phr. l.¤ n-aill elsewhere, anywhere, etc.: is ferr damsa techt l.¤ n-aill, LU 3347 ( SCC 13 ). ráither fria . . . techt hi l.¤ n-aill n-aile co maitin, RC xxii 393.z . (BDD App.). indtan no teigdis nach l.¤ aili when they used to go anywhere else, Mon. Tall. 129.17 . tucsat a ndorus na huama i ll.¤ n-aill iat `inside of the door of the cave', PH 1018 . cidh ara tucuis in claideb i ll.¤ n-aile? why did you give away the sword? Lism. L. 1326.

(c) With cach: amal . . . asroither uisce for talmain cech l.¤ `on every side', Ml. 44d1 . aurchor snedar cach leth in all directions, Críth G. 219 . fer cach leithe lándligid `a man of full righteousness on every side i.e. dealing justly with all men', 528 and n. 0 (or to be referred to 2 l.?). co rucadur gacha leithi ar A., Fier. 235. Usually with prec. prep. DI (do, dá) or FOR (ar) in, from all directions, sides, everywhere : immib di cach leith, Wb. 17b19 . in talmain n-impu di cach l.¤ , Ml. 51d3 . di cech leith, 62b13 . 66d10 . testiu na fuile . . . for cach l.¤ , 22b1 . for cech l.¤ gl. longe lateque, 53b9 . slúaged . . . / de cach leith dar túatha, Fél. Ep. 35. fogéba do cach leith aci agid n-airegda, LU 2029 ( FA 10 ). for cech l.¤ , LU 2146 ( FA 21 ). ic fégad . . . for cach l.¤ úathu, MU² 364 . eo óir ina brut ro saiged a gúalaind for cach l.¤ on either side, IT i 131.17 . di cech leith gl. undique, Gild. Lor. 67 . in popul imme di cech l.¤ , PH 761 . dá cech leith, 7063 . do gach leith ┐ da gach thaib dib, TTebe 2225 . sneachta seacht traigthe ar gach leath uadha, SG 34.16 . táir dá gach leith ina lenmhain, IGT Decl. ex. 1158 . ar gach leath, L. Cl. A. B. 112.43 . do gach leith do na laochaib sin, ML² 1860 . do cach lethe, Grail 2004 . for cech l.¤ de, 2480 . da gach aen leithe de na timceall, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.27 (leth, v.l.). go ttuccadar gealladh air gach leith mutually, Dhá Sgéal Art. 152. Note also: for cechtar in da leithe `on either side' (of a stream), Laws iv 144.11 . comtar crólinnecha curaid di chechtar na da leithi, LL 224b27 ( TTr. 548 ).

(d) With cid (later cía) where, whither : inchoiscsiu damsa ceth l.¤ atā Emain show me the way to, TBC-I¹ 376 = ced l.¤ , LU 4865 = cía let[h], TBC St. 782 . cia leath reghma? Anecd. i 2.9 ( SCano 25 ). ni fhetar cia l.¤ do-rechaind, acht tucas m'aiged siar I knew not where to go, PH 500 . cia l.¤ their Adam uait?, MacCarthy 52.8 . cia leith ro cuaidh in clu mor-sin? what has become of? CCath. 4546 . cia l.¤ so, a dorman? whither away? Fing. R. 90 . cid l.¤ na mochærgi? why are you up so early? RC xiv 400 § 4.

(e) In phr. do díb le(i)th(a)ib on both sides, mutually : diblethaib .i. cechtar a da leithe, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18, 415 ). ra theigsetar na slúaig immi-sium do dib lethib, LL 175a42 ( CRR 26 ). ro ferad cath . . . do dib lethib eturro, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . ro naidmset a ccodach ┐ a ccaradradh do dib leitibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 232.12 . dībh leithibh, Celtica iv 70.209 (l.¤ ┐̇ tib, MS.).

(f) With na(ch) in any direction, anywhere : imned dom na lled dochood wherever I went, Wb. 17d7 . nochon occobrad-si co ndigseth nách l.¤ cen heisium immaróen fríe would go nowhere without him, Trip.² 151 . na digsitís nách leth o Ierusalem, PH 5408.

(g) With óen-: F. . . . ┐ L. for ōenl.¤, M. ┐ D. forsan l.¤ n-aill on the one hand . . . on the other, Rawl. 149a35 . a h-ocht Ailgenan na n-each / co ndeachaid d'eg ar enleath together, BB 61b31 . a óga tigidh d'einleath, Duan. F. ii 68 § 11 . cuirfiter d'éinleith will be put aside, RC xxviii 318 § 30. do rug ar n-omhain d'aoinleith dispelled our fear, DDána 18a.5 .

IV With prepositions (many uses with prepp. are exemplified also under III).

(a) With A: a lleith posessoris by virtue of being possessor, Sg. 198a18 . a lleith atraib gl. extrinsecus, in the matter of possession, 198b1 . a lleith indí atreba, 200b11 . a lleith aittrebthado gl. intrinsecus, 204a1 . biat-sa as do l.¤ I will be at thy side, Alex. 93 . ac urchuitmhe assa leith making excuses on his own behalf, Anecd. ii 68.4 . See also under i l.¤ fri.

(b) With AR (in later lang.): tug fiodh ar leith do lighe made the tree to bend to one side (one of the marks of an auspicious reign), L. Cl. A. B. 224.127 . rachadsa ar do leith `I shall side with thee', Duan. F. ii 244 § 16 . techt ar a leith féin to side with him, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 40.10 . ar mbeith d'Eireamhón ón fhior / ar leith gléimheadhón Gaoidheal `when E. had parted from him amid the Gaels(?), Studies 1920, 98 § 5 . níor luigh ar leith a mháthar did not depend on(?) (of Cú Chulainn), DDána 96.29 (`encroached not on his mother's land', Ir. Monthly 1927, 437 ).

(c) With DO (in some cases perh. DI): do leith dano dó a óenur frisna tri cóectu mac on one side, LU 4914 = TBC-I¹ 429 . ni-s-téged nech do muintir G. secci do leith, do na tabrad sceim némnig to one side(?), PH 7212 . co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da tharraing do l.¤ ┐ cach cumal ar uair 'na haghaidh (i.e. she always carried one side while the others took turns on the other), RC xxiv 190.8 . in Mangartach . . . do leith de ┐ Sliab Cruadha . . . don taob eile, ML² 320 . gach meacain gach lus don leatsoin there, Hackett xlii 59 .

Usually as prep. phrase with follg. gen. In concrete sense in the direction of, towards : iarsin tictís, gním cen chleith, / ind ríg dia leith ó thír thoich to him (`on account of him'), Metr. Dinds. ii 24.74 . do leith na hairde thuaidh facing the north (of a tent), 3 C 19, 51 vb15 . nac[h] racainn do leith mo aigte I would not go forward, TBC St. 1592 . líne do leith a aighthe / do chathaoiribh cumhdaighthe opposite, DDána 85.42 . do leith a aighthe in front of him, CF² 1036 . do leith a ccúil . . . do leith a ndrumann, AFM iii 320.9 , 11 . Of the seat of a disease: go mbi nescoid isna hairnibh uair ann do leith in droma ┐ uair eile do leith a sreabhonn . . . ┐ uair do leith a gcabhán, 3 C 19, 201 rb26 - 28 . Of time: doleith na haidhche towards night, 3 C 19, 73 va 24 . do bi dias do Gaidilaib ann sin do l.¤ in Chimsogaig on C.'s side, Ann. Conn. 1281.4 .

past, by (here DI(?)): romgab do leith losinan the fox avoided, slunk by me, ZCP i 459. 11 . amail sinchān do leith ǣgaire, MacCongl. 85.2 (`approaching a shepherd'). Fig. na hinghena . . . nobitis ic amran ┐ hic duchunn no geibed do leith doib dano imradagh anma Hectoir used to avoid(?), LL 405a19 ( TTr.² 1086 ).

In more abstr. senses. With respect to, as regards, according to: is do leith genelaig fer nGréc doib, Dinds. 128. ? tiucfaidh in cétmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hí ticfaidh a fear .i. do leth in oirechta comtibach, O'D. 2077 ( Rawl. 487, 58 ). a chlú do leith eolasa ┐ eagna, Keat. ii 204 . do leith a athar ┐ a mháthar `both on his father's and mother's side', O'D. 4896 . a n-éagmais a hárdchéme onóra do leith a glúine geinealach `in respect of', Párl. na mB. 3570 . in ratione cibi .i. do leith an bhídh, 23 K 42, 307.15 . do l.¤ dileghtha an adbuir, RC xlix 8.4 . More specifically because of, from, on account of: do leith G. because you are related to G., Irish Texts ii 44 § 35 . do leith ubhaill a fhachain, DDána 10.6 (`an apple caused it,' Ir. Monthly 1929, 211 ). do leith a nemdilegtha pour cause de l'indigestion, O'Gr. Cat. 217.7. na neithi . . . disgaoileas do leith a teasa because of their heat, 3 C 19, 49 ra27 . do l.¤ an fuail from, by means of (in diagnosis), 23 K 42, 151.17 .

(d) With FO separately, severally, individually : cách fo leith gl. singuli, Wb. 5d3 . ní [i]mmalle acht is cach æ fo leith, 17d2 . cechtar nái fo leith, Sg. 63a15 . mórfeser a dám inna thúaith, cóicer fo leith when engaged on his private concerns (as an individual), Críth G. 379 ( fo le[i]th(e), 428 ). ainmnigestár cach fer fó leith cona anmaim diles fein, LU 1811 . ar cach n-ái fo leith díb, TBC-LL¹ 2726 . cech macc fo leth dia maccaib, PH 6613 . sláinte anma is cabhair chuirp / atáid fa leith na labhuirt, Arch. Hib. i 99 § xi . ima leith alternately, Laws iv 372.21 Comm . ┐ mar sin ar na peacadhuibh eile fó leith, Mac Aingil 2061 . an biobla ma leith, .i. leis fein amhain, gan ghluais, etc., Luc. Fid. 4592 . Somet. with FOR in this sense: don oenfer for leith `for one man only', Mon. Tall. 156.28 . oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, PH 7326 . gach pearsa ar leith 'n-a Dhia dhíbh, DDána 25.6 .

(e) With FOR (AR) aside, apart : tēit leo for l.¤ aside, Sc.M² 4 . co-rrala a cholaind for l.¤, ┐ corro-an a chenn i fertais in charpait to one side, 19 (leith, R.) luid īarum for l.¤ a óinur `aside', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . ro bae-side . . . ina throscud i Sliab Sína ar leith `apart', Celtica iv 28.381 . in ticfa ar l.¤ do immacallaim frimsa?, ZCP ii 135 § 9 . gādatar mnā Connacht do Conchobur tuidecht for leith, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . atat acum sund for leith / curaid ri cath . . . (: creich), TBC-LL¹ 516 . ruc leis for l.¤ da mac Z., PH 3024 . tucait aes dána Ulad ar l.¤ , RC xiv 430 § 56 . ar leith gá fhad fhuileongas? `how long will he suffer the affliction of being far away?', Aithd. D. 8.19 . ar leith [ó] dheachmhaidh Dhé `exempt from', PBocht 7.25 . ar leith atám ó theasda laid aside, Studies 1924, 87 § 15 . ar leth nó i ccoitchinne in particular or in common, RSClára 117b . ? in slicht socinelach geinfes for leith on ridiri ┐ on maigdin sin, Grail 2669 . In this sense somet. with FO: ód thriall fó leith, Oss. vi 54.19 . doimthigh a nimh . . . as fo leith, Ériu v 88.34 . ? With TAR: no gur cuir in rig dar l.¤ mathair a cloindi put aside(?), YBL 317b24 (cf. Aided M. Gloss.).

(f) In quasi-adjectival use with both FO and FOR apart, separate, different, special : gnáe far l.¤ gl. separatim, Sg. 73b1 . syllab fo leith, 165b2 . co ndergensat rainn fo leith di gl. separauerunt ab aliis partibus, 187b6 . 188a22 . 188b5 . 212a6 . Of a particular kind of assembly: cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . A cōic: cūlairecht ┐ taebairecht ┐ airecht uirdnidhe ┐ airecht fo l.¤ et airecht fodesin, ZCP xii 359.14 . airecht fo l.¤, is a suidhi bīt nadmand ┐ ratha (sic MS.) ┐ fiadain, 360.1 . torinolta i tech for leith, Trip.² 228. biaid pian for leith er son cech peccaid air, PH 7617 . gabsatt . . . ferann fo l.¤ , BColm. 8.3 . atá i n-airicul fo leith, LU 3374 ( SCC 16 ). rogairm Cond . . . ar fót fo leith `called C. aside', Ériu iii 160.y . trí lá is tri aidche ba leith / bámmar uile i tig Cachir, RC vii 292.53 . dath fo l.¤ a eduigh cach lae, Laws ii 148.6 Comm . cás ar leith an Lúan `Doomsday, supreme danger', PBocht 5.47 . rann ar leith ni dliged dam, Irish Texts ii 41 § 9 . seómra ar l.¤ , RSClára f. 111b . pian ar leith ar an intinn, ┐ pian fá leith ar an gcorp, TSh. 6495 - 6 .

(g) In phr. le(i)th for (ar) le(i)th on both sides, respectively, both of them (usually of two persons or groups): ra fornaidmit na glinni sin leith for l.¤ , MU² 106 . co mbaí . . . nónbur ra hulibásaib eturru l.¤ for l.¤ , 118 . rointer Eri l.¤ ar l.¤ `share and share', Metr. Dinds. iii 358.35 . in cath rolád, l.¤ for l.¤ , iv 250.65 . ro tuit . . . in cath l.¤ ar leith, CCath. 2217 . M. . . . ┐ F. / fríoth a n-árach leath ar leath, DDána 64.25 . táinig a ré leath ar leath / sgol Uladh, éigse Laighneach, 115.2 . forna cathaibh leath ar leath, CF² 1195 . go rangattar . . . da nionaduibh féin l.¤ ar l.¤ respectively, BNnÉ 201.33 . a gcoingheall leath ar leath (aequa utriusque conditio), TSh. 3871. More generally: an tuile dhámh, leath ar leath the throng of companies, side by side, Ériu v 56.67 . an cúiger druadh, leath ar leth `the five wizards, side by side', iv 222 § 38 . In follg. rather in turn, one after the other : fuaradh na mball leath ar leath, DDána 27.6 . ughdair Ghaoidheal leath ar leath, O'R. Poems 1473 . fágbhuim-si fós, leath ar leath / beannacht uaim ag gach aoinneach, Celtica iv 119 § 30 . Note also: as mar sin an cethramadh cric as mesarda ┐ is ferr acu l.¤ ar l.¤ `all things considered', Ir. Astr. Tr. 140.x . Other constructions: di leith for l.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1685 . do leith for leith, MR 222.z . do leith fo leith, 240.24 . leath um leith, PBocht 18.17 . do leith dar l.¤ , TTebe 3122 .

(h) With I in such a wide and subtle variety of meanings as hardly to be amenable to classification. That given here must be regarded as arbitrary, and the ascription of an example to one category or another is in many cases very doubtful.

In physical sense beside, in the direction of, towards : co cualatar guth mbec ina hingini hi leith in tigi, Irish Texts i 2.18 (cf. Bethu Brigte 38) . rothicfa it' lethe-su will come to thee, Imr. Brain 49 (`to thy parts'; `to your country', Murphy Lyrics). Laighnigh i leith do dhroma behind you, DDána 101.53 . i leith leaptha red lennán, BS 46.4 . With follg. DO: a leith don chaislēn, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 26.24 . a leith da druim from behind, TTebe 1016 . Cf. forsin marcsluag do bi l.¤ da ndruim behind them, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . = a leith a ndroma, ALC i 376.18 .

Of kinship, family connection: hua-som Codiáir moir . . . i ll.¤ o mathair on the mother's side, LU 1136 ( ACC § 121 Comm. ). dáermacne . . . a lleth o mathrechaib, TBC-LL¹ 1739. ar ni boi astig nech bad glica a l.¤ o mnaib `weil im Hause auf Seiten der Frauen keine Klügere war', ZCP xiii 270.6 . comdais meic do Mac-Con na trī Fothaid gē beit i leith Sīl Fergusa, Corp. Gen. 263 . sil a leith ciníl do chríadh, Irish Texts ii 35 § 31 . leanfa D. . . . i leith athar rian na Róisteach, Ó Bruad. i 110.3 . ? enmac do fhácuib do chloinn / ina leith do Tuathaib Temra, Irish Texts ii 23 § 12.

téit i l.¤ joins forces with: resorts to, places one's trust in, seeks refuge in: ós éigin dóibh dola id leith `they will surely join thee', Aithd. D. 24.18 . a luas . . . / do-chuas i leith láimhe libh `the speed with which men flocked to thee', 77.22 . dol na l.¤ dí ní digha, Irish Texts ii 57 § 4. Cf. dochóidh . . . / Muire i leith mh'oige d'fhighe `Mary . . . has set about weaving my nature', PBocht 12.28 . leabhair Chaisil is chláir Macha / nír mheiste dhóibh dol 'na leith, L. Cl. A. B. 237.10 . dola a leith na leabhar linn, KMMisc. 174 § 29 . cách i leith a deisi ag dul resorting to force (?), L. Cl. A. B. 193.92 . mar thug láimh fá chreich na Cásg / a leith a grásd do-cháidh Crísd, IGT Decl. ex. 1001 ( DDána 38.6 ). ní a leith a chémend do-chúaidh / an Múaid ag breith lémend lúidh was not content to proceed at its normal pace(?), IGT ex. 1256 .

fo-ceird (cuirid) i leith assigns to, ascribes to: curther a n-ugturas hi lleith Duid a oenur, Hib. Min. 128 (of Psalms). is e Ferceirtni cuires in irad so i ll.¤ na n-ugdar ┐ ite na hugdar (sic) i cuirter l.¤ , BB 299b36 - 7 . ferta . . . meic Dé do chur i lleth Belzebúb to give B. the credit for, PH 6436 . is e fath ara cuirther primhdhacht i lleith na tri mberla sin `superiority is claimed on behalf of', Auraic. 162. Cf. ilmuine mic Dé nacha cuiridhsi i far leth feisin `which claim not ye for yourselves', Laws i 22.22 Comm . Also charges with, lays to the account of, attributes to: is lib-si fessin . . . in chair doralais inar leth-ni, Alex. 946 . Críoch Chonnacht a ndúthchas féin/ na leith ní cuirthe mar chéim `is not to be brought as a charge against them', Content. vi 91 . ar n-éara 'n-a leith na léigidh `let not my rejection ever be brought (as a proof of carelessness) against Thy work', Aithd. D. 77.17 . cuir 'n-a leith do chosg do chean / an rosg do bheith ag briseadh, DDána 27.4 . dá gcuirthear uabhar i leith fir aca, TSh. 9368. Cf. ar an máthair atá id leith `thy supposed mother', Keat. ii 6353.

In phrases with other trans. verbs in sense of committing, entrusting to: nít erpi i lled nach áili `with any one else', Wb. 1d10 . lecam ar ráma úan isa muir ┐ foncerddam i ll.¤ ar Tigernai `let us cast ourselves upon our Lord', Ériu xi 137.8 . cuir hobair a leith an Tighearna `commit thy works unto', Proverbs xvi 3 . lecsiu immurgo i ldeth nDe mess for a menmain-som `leave it . . . to God', Mon. Tall. 148.11 . do ré[i]r is ad l.¤ legmuid, Ériu iv 224 § 48 . caingne in tsenaidh . . . do lecon i lleith na ndea `to trust to the gods', CCath. 4549. ar ndíon 'n-a leith ná leigeadh (of Christ's wounds), DDána 48.8 . cipe leces a furtacht ┐ a cobhair i lleith in Coimdedh, ZCP iv 390.13 .

With vb. to be expressed or understood relying on, engaged in etc.: arn-iumramh a leith Dé under God's protection, KMMisc. 322 § 5 . bím i leith guidhe do ghrás `I trust in imploring Thy grace', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 1 . bíom 'na leith i ló an bhrátha / dom dhíon ar eagla an ursgátha, DDána 12.14 . i leith fhaghla ós eadh atá bent on(?), 106.4 . láeich a leith a farchadh `handling their mauls', Studies 1920, 417.20 . Here also perh. gé tú inníu i lleith eiseine (? leg. eisléine), Anecd. ii 22 § 9. Cf. i lleith leinne, LL 18172.

On the side of, along with, in support of: hóre attá innar leid cia conicc ní dúun gl. pro nobis, Wb. 4b11 . robu ferr leu buith hi leith Duaid on David's side (in battle), Ml. 87c4 . robbet inna lobrān leith / ria ndul i ṅgnūis spirta nóib `may they be on the side of her weaklings', Thes. ii 348.5 ( Hy. v 90 ). bīd 'na leith used to be with him, ACL iii 307 § 27 . ? uair is ina leath itá (`since it concerns them(?)'), Leb. Cert.² 260 . ar tí airm do chur ar a chois arís a leith an rí in support of, Rel. Celt. ii 202.29 . sé 'n-a leath acht go léigdís had they allowed Him to help them (the two thieves), Dán Dé xx 25 . Perh. also: fágthar misi a leath a bhfuil sa bhfaithedh let me be left to take charge of all [the foes] who are on the field, 23 I 1, 66.18 . an banntigerna bís orra . . . a l.¤ a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

With respect to, concerning, in the case of: dogniat . . . guchoibsenae do thuildiud indaldeth fadesin do tormuch pende foraib `make false confessions about themselves', Mon. Tall. 153.1 . a cion i leith an leanaibh her crime as regards the child, A. Ó Dálaigh li 21 . cenn Muman i lleith o clercibh `as regards its clerics', CS 1008. Perh. also: mar dhaingean i leith a láimhe `to strengthen his hand', PBocht 1.41 . tlás a l.¤ lamh, Irish Texts ii 31 § 3 . a leth laithe `according to the day', Leb. Gab.(i) 240.y .

Various: in mil . . . do rinne in foguil; is a dul ina leth `it (the beast on which the lot falls) goes for its crime', Laws ii 6.30 Comm . in gell do tuitim i lleth in ti tucustur he `the hostage surety falls upon the person', 136.21 Comm . i leith fheirge is eadh a-tá / nach deirge an cneadh an chéad-lá `owing to his wrath', Dán Dé xxviii 7 . a dtéid duid do na deich genoibh / tuig soin san leith ina libh `think of thy share in the ten nuts only in the aspect in which it is thine', PBocht 7.27 .

(i) In phr. i le(i)th fri, in O. Ir. glosses a ll.¤ fri, where a is a s. neut. of article, cf. later l.¤ re without prep. (below).

In the direction of, towards : a nem hitat aingil i n-uachtar ┐ firmimint a ll.¤ frinnai ille `on the side towards us', Ml. 42b10 . i lleth friusom opposite them, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). i leith risin muir moir, CCath. 1942 . ni dechaid A. isna crichaib borétaib i ll.¤ fri téchtmuir, Alex. 437 . i nilar comperta i lleith re mnaibh ilarda with, BCrólige 57 gl. 7 . Cf. cidh il-leth in tigi fris even in the other side of the house, Lism. L. 1483. Similarly l.¤ fri: isin rann tuaidh do na Deisibh l.¤ le hEoghanact, ITS xvi 56.4 . leath re Hierusalem towards J., Isaiah vii 1 . Of time: hi l.¤ fri aidchi towards nightfall, RC xxii 394.8 .

More freq. as regards, with respect to, in the matter of, touching : a lled fri Abracham `as regards A.', Wb. 2c3 . a lled friss fadesin, 6c18 . a lled fri spirut gl. spiritaliter examinatur, 8b16 . a lleth frissan ingraim gl. quantum ad praesentem causam pertinet, Études Celt. xl 59 ( Ml. 30b2 ). cidh is fis, ┐ cidh is anfis . . . a leith reisin comairce?, Laws iv 228.15 . i ll.¤ fri do[i]nib . . . i ll.¤ fri Dia, Rawl. 75a47 . i leith re claidem when it comes to a sword, SG 248.17 . ro taiselbad he i leith risin fer `it was ascribed to', Laws i 34.10 Comm . is uasal i lleith re tabuirt `when considered as a gift', v 214.17 Comm . cinntech i l.¤ fri Dia, PH 6218 . i lleith ra hiris Críst, Anecd. iii 64.22 . ní measa fian Chaisil Chuirc / i leith re déanamh gach uilc, Content. ii 3 . ar gheallsad sliocht Éibhir Ḟinn / do chomhaillsead i leith rinn `in our regard,' vi 101 . a leith re hóglách m'aosú for a youth of my age, BS 44.8 . ba mór an techt (écht) hisin i l.¤ re mac taoísigh, AFM iii 648.14 . In BCC and Beatha S.F. often l.¤ re without prec. prep.: leith riu as regards them, BCC 18.13 (§ 33) . l.¤ re Día, 90.4 (§ 94) . leith re haibíd, Beatha S. F. 1397 . leith re sbioraid, 683 . In some contexts with more specific meaning of because of, by reason of, by, through : is ed fodera in comrorcu sin dam i ll.¤ frit-sa `owing to thee', MacCongl. 57.7 . a leith ré huathbhás with awe, Ó Héodhusa 66.z . l.¤ re do glicus fein `according to', Celtica ii 62.22 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte righinn do chur ar a chorp. Beatha S. F. 154 . In follg. perh. against : i dteach nDé do ria an ríoghan / Dia lé i leath ris an saoghal, DDána 99.38 (`against the world', Ir. Monthly 1919, 227 ). guais a lonn-ḟuighle i leith ribh, Content. vii 8. But: tiucfaid Laighin a leith ribh / beith at aighidh ni heidir on your side, Irish Texts ii 98 § 15 . Other exx. with follg. FRI: leath re Fodla fuil Uidhir / Fodla ni fuil 'na aghaidh `auf Fodlas Seite ist Odars Blut', ZCP ii 331.29 . gan neach d'Eirinn 'na aghuidh / is l.¤ re Heirind Ulaigh `sind auf Erins Seite die Ulaten', 332.1 . si-se leath re Lámhach, DDána 98.38 . ní bhiadh . . . / leath ag Dia ris na daoinibh `God would not have come among men', Aithd. D. 98.5 . For Mod. Ir. maidir le, mar le (mad i l.¤ fri) see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 14.

(j) In phrases replacing earlier ille, immalle: o sin i leith, Anecd. ii 3.8 (= i lle, Airne F. 77 ). ón ló sin i lleath, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1180 . o shin a leath, Smaointe B. Chr. 169. a hAlbain a leith, AFM iii 366.z . Cf. toit cuccum-sa i lletsa `on this side', CCath. 2982 . `rosc' tuigsin gach neich ma le, Metr. Gl. 11 § 10 (maleith, LL).

B In meaning half .

I

(a) a half, the half (of): ni roisset á l.¤-adi gl. mediam aetatem, Ml. 74a11 . ni arindí bed l.¤ ṅgotho no bed indib (ref. to semiuocales), Sg. 5a4 . a ll.¤ o laim deiss gl. dexteram . . . partem, 17b2 . dephtoros dodichsed inna leith chomsuidigthi `would enter as half of the compound', 18a4 . l.¤ ind orpi-so `half of this heritage', Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b ). a lleith n-aill, AU 747 . a leath na cille, 836 . isindara l.¤ in lestair ┐ in l.¤ n-aill dō-sum, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 92.6) . o leuth lathi, SR 8041 . l.¤ fer nAlban, Anecd. i 1.2 ( SCano 3 ). l.¤ nó trían do chruth, TBFr. 224 . l.¤ na haidche, Fing. R. 791. i leith laoi at midday, DDána 42.3 . l.¤ ruith ┐ l.¤ gabra `riders in chariots and riders on horses' (notes), BDD² 460 . ní rabi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad l.¤ méite fair, LU 9184 ( FB 91 ). co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ l.¤ a chind fair ┐ l.¤ fir aile fora muin, LU 4933 ( TBC-I¹ 448 ). dagénsa dá leth de (a warrior), LU 5306 ( TBC-I¹ 829 ). leca lógmara . . . ┐ a llethe úachtarcha ina lócharnaib, LU 2055 ( FA 13 ). trían nó l.¤ a ḟeraind, Imr. Brain 46.13 . mo trín is luga lethi, LL 11031 ( TBC-LL¹ 4198 ). mo trian is luga lethe, TBC St. 3501 . secib ni foghailther a ndiph randaip raiter in dara rand co rab l.¤ cin cob cudruma, Auraic. 2925 . comortus andso se fer 'na leit[h] secha so híos `in the half below' (scribal note), TTebe xvii 26 . ro-scoilt bend-chapur in tempuil in ṅdíb lethib, PH 2896 . i ngach leith don ló `every hour of the day' ( Ir. Monthly 1927, 551 ), DDána 106.4 . gé atá a leath do Cinedh Conuill although half of it belongs to, Irish Texts ii 42 § 16 . do gheibhinn-si . . . / . . . / t'uille ┐ leath do leabtha, TD 14.17 . ní as lía iná l.¤ na nguth (of votes), RSClára 98a . gur thuit in cath-milid C. ina lethib leadairthi, MR 270.16 . do gerr conuige a l.¤ é `clave him to his middle', Fier. 225 . úachtarán leithe Ierusalem, Nehemiah iii 9. ? am luidset co leth lenna, feimidset imram nach leth `when they had got half way across', Dinds. 5.

(b) In legal contexts: lóg leith ungæ di muccib `half an ounce in pigs', Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.). trichait l.¤ n-unga n-argait, SR 3152 . na coic leithe unga, RC x 94.2 . l.¤ .uii. cumal a smacht cana, Ir. Recht 37.16 . coraigecht aenmna re bliadain dam . . . ┐ l.¤ feissi dogrés `half-conjugal society', Acall. 4955 (SG). trian n-urgnama, a l.¤ do mnai do gni half of it (milk) to the woman who does the work, Laws ii 364.23 . l.¤ do fir fodngaib, l.¤ n-aill do faithchi hi fogabar, iv 184.18 (of swarming bees). l.¤ méich tharai a half measure of kiln-dried wheat, Críth G. 111 . l.¤ n-arathair a half share in a plough, 158 . díre a béla colpda(i)ch; a l.¤ dia ḟidbu, etc., 247 . secht fuile cena dia mbeir liaig l.¤ half-fee, Laws v 362.15 . let leithi in trin one-half of one-half, ii 366.2 Comm .

(c) Of territorial divisions: cu ru raind Hérinn dar dó ┐ co tuc in l.¤ ro boí sís d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in l.¤ aile do Maccaib Míled, MU² 5 , 6 . leath / indsi móiri Mac Mílead, Leb. Cert.² 263 . rannfa meise . . . / i ndíbh leithibh críoch fhuar Éireann, DDána 111.8 . Domnall mac dā leithi (.i. al-l.¤ tes ┐ tūaid dind Érinn), ZCP xii 236 § 56 , cf. in fíal Fer dá lethe, Fél. Dec. 4 . On the traditional division of Ireland into L. Cuinn and L. Moga see O'Rahilly, EIHM 191 - 2 . Lex aui Suanaich for Leith Cuinn, AU 748 . ruc leth na muici cona druim ó Leith Cuinn, Sc.M² 18 R . Mug Nuadat a quo leth Moga N., Rawl. 147b19 . tairct[h]er leth Érenn uait-si do C[h]onn, ML² 904. Note further: roiniudh for Gallu Locha Cuan re Leith Cathail, AU 943 . leath Branuigh `O' Byrne's half', LBranach 67 . G. . . . ri lethi iarthuraigi Ceneoil Aeda, Ann. Conn. 1224.6 . dala immorro na lethe thess do Chonnachtaib, 1225.14 .

(d) In phr. l.¤ catha, l.¤ gliad (fitting) opponent in battle, adversary: l.¤ catha, TBC-I¹ 3289 (of Celtchar) = TBC-LL¹ 5394. bud leór l.¤ catha do ḟeraib hÉrend siat ac cosnam a tigerna, 5708 . l.¤ gliad, TBC-I¹ 3252 (Rochaid) = TBC-LL¹ 5315. Hence without accompanying gen: is suaill nach leath doib Domnall all but a match for them, Prolegomena 44 § 18 . do budh leath dáibh uile í `she would equal them all', PBocht 9.17 . cath do thabhairt dóibh, gion go bhfuilmíd leath nó trian riú, CRR² 26.

(e) Attrib. g s.: eisinnraic leithi `half unworthy', Laws i 116.3 Comm . a gilla glomhuir amuil a amhus lethe (some kind of a servant), ii 26.5 Comm . roinn leithe ar anbhuain Eirenn a bisection, O'Gr. Cat. 464.12 . do gheall tú roinn leatha dhamh ann do thír, Dhá Sgéal Art. 800.

(f) In vaguer sense part, division : cechtar in da leithe sin `each of those two parts', gl. in duas partes diuidere (of the word uires), Sg. 25b6 . is Persa bar leath share(?), Alex. 191. in leath budh mō da rīge, Ériu iv 178 § 32.

In phrases.

II

(a) In phr. co le(i)th and a half : noichtiche co lleuth 29½ days, BCr. 3c ( Thes. ii 10.5 ). sith mbliadhna co l.¤ , AU 1128 (ii 120.12) . fri ré bliadna co lleith, LU 1279 (H). dí ungi co leith, RC x 62.1 . tri huairi dec co ll.¤ , MacCarthy 46.3 . bliadhain go leith, TD 32.40 . míle go leith, Keat. Poems 1345. Meaning doubtful in: dia tí íasc i n-inbera rot bía hé[u] co lleith araile. Dia tí iall a mmag rot bía caúth co lleith araile, LU 5646 ( TBC-I¹ 1168 ) = co leth arale . . . colleith arailiu, ZCP ix 148 - 9 = dia foígela énflaith . . .co lleith alailiu . . . Día tomna . . . iasc . . . co leith arailiu, LU 5526 = co leith allaile . . . co lleth arailiu, TBC-I¹ 1043 = colleith alailiu . . . colleth alailiu, ZCP ix 145.38 . See TBC-LL¹ 1830 ff ., where Windisch's literal translation (see n. 0 ) with the other half (which makes up the pair) does not seem possible; araile, -iu, etc. may have belonged originally to the beginning of the next sentence (see Fasc. A 119.11 ff ), and hé[u] co l.¤ may be a hyperbole.

(b) In phr. for (ar) le(i)th: fer for l.¤ Connacht `more than half the Connaughtmen', Cóir Anm. 251 . gur cosain . . . treab ar l.¤ Alpan dó, IT, ii2 123.32 . ceall ar l.¤ ceall `one more than half of the churches', RC xiv 30 § 8 . duine ar leith fer nErenn, SG 20.36 . triar for leith a sluag foracbaiset half their army plus three, RC vi 188.13 .

Compds.

In meaning A.

(a) Perh. in sense of -sided in: lethchil .i. lethchlāen, Corm. Y 318 . gruaidh leathchorcra ar lí na subh, L. Cl. A. B. 193.90 . drech lethderg lethgabur (description of Conall Cernach), LU 8636 ( FB 47 ). do Meidbh Lethdeirg, ZCP xi 42 § 28 . do thaeb lethḟas bare, Mart. Tall. 112.1 . druim na leirge leathfholamh, Aithd. D. 20.26 . it é lethgabra amal Conall Cernach, BDD² 1150 , taken in BDD and by Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 as subst. ` centaur ', cf. lethghabar .i. lethech, H 3.18, 532.14 ; but cf. gabar .i. solus, Lec. Gl. 536 and see 2 gabor. as aigi-siomh fil in drec[h] lethgabar (of Genonn Gruadṡolus), TBC St. 4500. ag goradh a ghruaidh leithghil, L. Cl. A. B. 90.78 . Luoch Lethglass . . . lethglass e o talmain go mullach a cinn green-sided(?), RC xii 100 § 136. ? Dun da Lethglas, IT iii 40 § 34 (see Hog. Onom.). senchas lethmáel `pointless', Metr. Dinds. iv 24.24 . sluagh lethodar, Leb. Cert. 4.16 . ? bloscad inna gréne frisinna margánu lethrati, ZCP viii 175.24 . cuing leth-remor 'na leth-leirg `broad-flanked', Metr. Dinds. ii 46.10 .

(b) More partic. ¤ard etc. lit. (high) at one side, hence uneven, unequal: measam laidi (leg. lige) lethard lopsided, ZCP xvii 69 § 9 = ACL iii 230.155 . Usually in more abstr. sense unequal, unfair , etc.: claen cach lethard, O'Curry 351 ( H 3.18, 193b ). dire l., BCrólige 5 . tacra la leath-ard n-ae `to plead in support of an unequal cause', Laws v 252.11 . In Laws Comm. freq. lethairde: fo comairdi no fo leithairde `equally or unequally', iii 270.7 . comhroinnter eturru fein fo lethairde unequally, iv 254.11 Comm . ba lethard cundartha / ba tomus lettromm `an unequal contract, uneven measure', MacCongl. 73.29 - 30 . cid lethard a ngrād, BColm. 34.1 . im lethard rainne unfair division(?), ZCP xii 365.2 . ba lethfota a lám one of his arms was longer than the other, iii 218 § 24 . adhaigh is lá go leathfhada `of unequal length', Aithd. D. 61.20 . nī bu leithísel in mám down at one side, Hy. v 56. Hence with certain adjj. of defective rhymes: coic fodhla arē ccuibdes oll: / leathfoda, leathtend, leathtrom, / bruilingicht, nī bec in col, / let[h]garbh gin a lesugud, ZCP xii 295 § 6. See lettrom etc.

(c) Hence with nouns meaning judgement, opinion, contract etc. onesided, partial, prejudiced: ar n-aonbhrath breithimh-ne san Luan ní bu leathaighne partial advocate, Aithd. D. 55.7 . leathbháidh fil agat re hÓ F., Maguires of F. 18 . can lethbreath iter saidbir ┐ daidbir impartial, YBL 167b39 . ar in lethbreth ruc A. imon ubull orda, Aen. 211 . leith-bhreath le báidh ní bhéara Ó Fearadhaigh, DDána 109.20 . leithbr[ia]thar accusation(?), Acall. 7995. masa lethbrostu . . . no masa combrostu setting-on on one side (of dogs fighting), Laws iii 196.1 Comm . cia lethcoimpert i n-airbert breithe (improper behaviour in a judge), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ) = O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20 ), see ZCP xv 355 . arin lethcumaid dorōine sé ara brōgaib fēin sech brōgaib na manach the partial treatment he gave to his own shoes, ZCP iii 33.6 . lethchuma ar Ghilla Dé / ní cuibe do'n té dogní `an injustice to G.D.', SG 284.5 . do leath-chumaidh ar an gcuid oile don mheithil unfairly, TSh. 10134 . lethedargaire, MR 262.23 . is fer lethetrana do chuaid etarru biassed mediator, Laws iii 196.11 Comm . in t-ochtmad aithne:— na dena leth-fhiadnaise false witness, PH 7619. leath-ghrádh oide idir dhaltaibh favouritism, Content. xiv 13 . Cf. (adj.) dá gcor i sochar leith-leasach dhóibh féin to their own advantage, TSh. 7103. ? freagra do lethluith, O'Dav. 1510 . bíd in éudach coitchenn gan lethpháirt ar bioth `partiality' (i.e. particularity), RSClára 73b . Cf. leathrannach partial, unfair, Eochairsg. 11.31 . partial (poetic) knowledge : nemṡós, lethṡós, lánṡós 'no knowledge, partial knowledge, full knowledge' Ériu xxxii 62 § 1 . ro gníd lethinacht (= lethṡmacht) mór fair injustice, LL 217a33 ( TTr. 22 ). Cf. doghnid Ioip lethsmacht aturu, D IV 2, 26rb48 = BB 4a21 = 411b26 . ni dhearnaidh leathtrom na leathsmacht, 23 E 26, 289.11 . Hence: mad fleteg ledmagtach dogneid dind æclis, Wb. 11d16 (`factions', Gwynn, Hermathena xx 63 ). aighi (aigne ?) lethsmachtach partial advocate(?), ZCP xii 364.27 . brethem beris breith for leth tagra cin imaidbi without hearing both sides(?), Laws v 354.1 . See leithscél, etc. With similar shade of meaning in adjj.: ro bátar leithriata uile fri Poimp ar tus [cein] co táinic Césair `on the side of P.', CCath. 1244 (leitreta, v.l.) is mor is lethreta in cined doenna frisiṅ dualaig-sin in ecnaig inclined to, PH 6876.

(d) Pleonastically with words meaning side, edge, border. The following examples properly belong to sense B and should be considered under (f) Ériu liii 179-80 : dar let[h]bord in longpuirt `edge', CCath. 5431 . lámh le leathbhord along the frontier, DDána 96.13 . i leithimeal Mhuidhe Dermuidhe, Flower Cat. 471.32 . fa leithimel Conmaicne, AFM vi 1882.4 . medhōn idir dhā leithimell do chonngbhāil between two extremes, Celtica i 194.1078 . Cf. frém lethimeallach an láidaigáin `the exterior radix of the little finger', O'Gr. Cat. 287.31 . nirbo fota ro bai an cath can dul do lethleth `inclining to one of the two sides', CCath. 5742 . do leith-leith na sligedh `on each side of the road', Fl. Earls 162.4 . leithreadh .i. leithleith. robdar leithreadha .i. dochuadar do leithleith, no dén táobh, O'Cl. `leath-luighe leaning', Eg. Gl. 421. See lettáeb, etc.

In meaning B.

(a) In a variety of compds. in meaning half: fer lethbali, MU² 195 (`half-township', Gloss.). bith for lethbargin `a half-ration of bread', Ériu vii 162.z . ? midben .i. lethben nó lethuagh fobīth in toraind bis iter indalæ ben de, O'Mulc. 823 . samaisc i llethbeirt half a bundle, Críth G. 213. ailid cach ben . . . lethbiathad a ceile di `half the refection', BCrólige 56 . ? for lethblai baíth, LL 211a7 (see Metr. Dinds. ii 20.48 ). leth-chanóin `demi-cannon', AFM v 1732.13 . lethcoir n-urnadma `das halbe Ordnungsmässige der Antrauung', Ir. Recht 37.20 . mad lechur (= leth-chur) .i. forgiallnai, O'Curry 829 ( H 3.18, 380 ). fosuididter in ben lethdam in fir half the husband's retinue, Laws ii 386.6 . lethdei = semidei, Auraic. 2920 . lethdrécht . . . i ngort `a half-day's labour', Críth G. 84 (see note). a ndo[ro]chair . . . de lethdoinib . . . dineoch nad roacht cridiu cathae shirkers(?), RC xii 104 § 148 . Cf. co torchair fer ┐ lethfer fer nÉrenn leis, Comp. CC 109.18 , perh. a mere turn of phrase, cf. ech ┐ letheach fer nÉrenn, 11 . lethfeidm laech `half effort', Arch. Hib. ii 54 § 7 . aire forgill in lethḟira `des Halb Schwurs', Cóic Con. 38 § 52 . do leith fitt `half-ration', Mon. Tall. 156.20 . lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe, Laws iv 350.12 . Christo tantum seruit .i. cen ledfognam coiugio without partial service coniugio , Wb. 10a24 . ? dlighidh saerbiathad deisi, ┐ boin lethgabala `a cow of the second quality', Laws iv 350.y . geni gaba acht lethgabail de, 212.z . aithgin cona lethgabail diabulta `with double half-seizure', v 168.4 Comm . a lethgabol (-ál ?) étaig do brutt `half of clothes for mantle', Ériu i 220 § 14 . ¤gáe half-length spear, short spear(?) (possibly one of a pair of spears) : i suainem in let[h]ga letartaigh, CCath. 5598 . lethgai londrecha lasamna, TTebe 1400 . do lethgāethib lethna lict[h]i `half-spears for throwing', Fianaig. 90.1 . an tres fross do lethghaibh, TFrag. 182.6 . ¤Gall Of people of the Hebrides ( Rannsachadh na Gàidhlig i 14 ): uainn do Lethghallaibh léig[idh], Celtica x 196 § 11 . abbas Leithglinne, AU 639 . in Leth-innsi, 1412 (iii 64.2) . leathloghadh (opp. to lánloghadh) `partial indulgence', Mac Aingil 6421 . ? fri tōeb in lāir leithlessi (-lisse, v.l.) `half-ruined fort', Ériu vii 2.17 . nocht-aile isin lethmachaire `half (cleared) plain', O'Dav. 963 , cf. Laws iv 72.18 Comm ; 'pastureland occasionally tilled (?)' Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 248 . leathnomen = lesainm, ZCP iii 226.13 , cf. leth-ainm fir annatha, Anecd. ii 52.6 . lethol n-ais ó cach airig, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 . fuillem cacha leth-oile, Laws v 414.1 . cét lóeg ┐ di lethorc half-grown pigs (?), LU 6930 ( BDD 54 ). for hErainn cen lethrainn undivided, SR 2351 (cf. Wortk. vi 949 ). Bicair Leth-ratha, AU 1490 (iii 346.4) . cosc sair ┐ dair ┐ lethair 'half-noble' = lethṡáer, Celtica xxiv 38 . a laim leathaer sealba, CIH i 210.25 . .i. i lethsuir na selba, 211.1 . Cf. CIH v 1861.16, 18 , vi 2020.18, 19 . tri gnuidh do lea[th]scoilteach `half-cleavings', IT iii 196.6 . ic leithṡeolad ┐ ic lánṡeolad ri lethgaethaib with shortened sail (?), LL 236a33 - 4 ( TTr. 1431 ). leith slighidh half way, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 30.24 . emisperium .i. letspeir, Ir. Astr. Tr. 88.12 . ni tairgend a hathair lethtinol le, Ir. Recht 37.22 . cutrumu leth-tochusa in fir gusa teit `half the property,' Laws v 290.6 Comm . ní fhuaras . . . / leath-tail óm chéill chorpardha `I have not found even grudging obedience', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 11 . letorud . . . asin chulid half-produce, Lism. L. 321.16 . ? tech . . . amal bid lethuaim aicenta, ZCP xvii 232.4 .

(b) With names of measures, numbers, periods of time, etc.: leathbhannlá, Párl. na mB. 558 . hi cciunn lethbliadna, RC xxvi 366.18 . tri lethcheat do feraibh Airghiall, 150 men, ZCP xiv 234.12 . fiche bairghen . . . san leithcheathramhain, L. Cl. A. B. 46.15 . adopart teora lethindli trea thír Patricio, Thes. ii 239.6 ( Ardm. 17b ). cetra lá ┐ leith-seachtmuin, Acall. 775 . tigerna na Le[th]-Trian, AU 1538 (iii 620.10) . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 ( Thes. ii 14 ). fri re leth-uaire, PH 2475.

(c) With names of units of value: ledhcethramuine mir a cuidach do chuit S., Trans. RIA xv 19.23 . secht leth-cumala, O'Dav. 746 . leth-cumal i mmuin in tanaise, Laws v 400.x . leithdhéighe ar dhuine ealadhan dá ngealltar eich ┐ ba dhó, L. Cl. A. B. 45.9 . bo ag leth-loige, Laws v 402.z . ledhmharg, Trans. RIA xv 29.4 . lethmiach, O'Curry 1557 ( BB 185bb ). lethpinginn ar lacht caerach, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191 ). fere obillo dignus .i. ní ferr lethscripul, Sg. 49b10 . screpall cach eledna, no leth-screpall cach nem-eledna, Laws v 334.24 Comm . is let[h]sét inna lóg-side, Ériu xvii 70 § 10. na .v. lethuinge, BCrólige 20 gl. 5 . dorat side .xxx. leth-unga n-argaid da cind, BB 237b22 .

(d) With names of fines, penalties, fees etc.: lethaithgein moíne móges, Críth G. 273 . leth-fir testa leth-arra `half the proof of witness or half-security', Laws ii 92.8 Comm . dligid Ū Gusān cáin a deorad ┐ lethc[h]āin urrad ó ríg Midhi, BColm. 64.25 . a lethdilsi ar .iii. biaduibh co leth mbidh `half forfeiture', Laws ii 264.21 - 22 Comm . lethdire cro otrusa, BCrólige 6 . leithdíri da blāi-neimthib, Cáin Ad. 36 . letheiric otrusa cro gac fir di[a] mnai `half the penalty', BCrólige 6 gl. 4 . laneneclann don mac ina athair, letheneclann do ina senathair, Ir. Recht 40.22 . mād étged nō anfes, lethfīach ind, Cáin Ad. 35 . ioctar lethfiach anfocail ria, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ). im aradain ┐ im lethfrichnam na trebaire `half the service of the husbandry', Laws ii 392.12 Comm . leth-fuillem gill cauich (= cuaich) cach rig do chuuch cach airech, v 412.11 . lan gille ┐ lethgille, i 260.19 . na dlegat lethiarra doib `are not entitled to half fosterage-fee', 198.2 . bedidh leth lan (lethlán ?) ngell do tuit for cach, ii 136.17 . lethlóg [n-]enech cach gráid túaithe, Críth G. 217 . direanur lethriaruib beusuib cétgiallna, O'D. 510 ( H 3.17, 415 ). do-beir lethsmacht ina sarugud, Ir. Recht 37.21 .

(e) With names of phonetic and metrical features: leath-aimser for taebomnaib half-length, Auraic. 1211 . áram f la lethguthaigthi `semivowels', Sg. 6a10 . in[n]a lethguta cetus .i. f, l, m, n, r, s, x, Auraic. 2904 . leathgutta ┐ mudi, 344 . it cosmaili a ndī lethc[h]omarc half-quatrains, Corm. Y 574 , cf. O'Mulc. 391 . cati a lethc[h]omarc ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.9) . lethcuibdius `an internal half-rhyme', Auraic. 3839 . dechnad mór ┐ lethdechnad (a metre), IT iii 6 § 5. lethmíbasc name of a metre, 49 § 89 . ni chuille luthbas lethnath (kind of poem ?), Ériu xiii 18.18 ( O'Dav. 1164 ). in lethrand hīsiu dano .i. imommloiscet mo dā n-ō prūll— caiti a lethrann ? what is its corresponding couplet ?, Corm. Y 1059 (93.20) . ina lethrann tuíseach, IT iii 7 n.3 , see p. 128 . gēb-sa lethrand dús in ba cubaid frissa ṅgēba-som, Fing. R. 119. With rannaigecht of metres with shortened line: leth-randaigecht mor corranach, IT iii 82 § 63 . cumasc leth-randaigechta moiri ┐ rindairde, § 64.

(f) With names of things existing or thought of in pairs. See also examples listed above in section (d). Of parts of the body: lethail (óil) gl. mala, Ir. Gl. 90 . i lleithóil a meic `one of her son's cheeks', Cáin Ad. 12 . flesc . . . . do erissem dia lethlaim furi ┐ lorc isind laim aili `so that their one hand may rest on it', Ml. 45c9 . a lethchoss geidh you one-legged goose (lit. one leg of a goose), IT iii 102 § 190 . for lethcois ┐ letsuil standing on one foot and with one eye closed, RC xii 98 § 129 . co tard a leathgúalainn fria hursaind in tigi, BDD² 542 . dligid in rí a leathgualainn 'the king is entitled to sit beside him', Leb. Cert.² 583 . fó a leth-oscail deis, ZCP v 526.24 . tuc buille ina lethchíg shoiscéla, SG 41.4 . mó ná both leptha a lethchlúas, Metr. Dinds. iv 138.74 . ma ro benad a lethchos, no a lethlam . . . do duine no lethbel, Laws iii 348.11 - 12 Comm . dlighid dno ri A. . . . leathlaimh rig Erend ig ol ┐ ac aenach to be beside, BB 274a4 . ┐ se baccach, leth-roisc, PH 620 . lethsciath `one of thy wings', RC xx 48.6 . ro-s-bensat a leth-shuil ṅdeiss asa chind, PH 553 . gallgha dan lán do leathdorn, DDána 84.45 . a leathára ┐ íth muice, L. Cl. A. B. 45.11 . leathuille dheas Í Dhomhnoill, TD 27.20 . ócc-laech leth-ruisc clí, BNnÉ 94.8 . stuadhus a lethghlún . . . ar bhéaluibh Ḟinn, CF 253 (Eg.) = a glun deas, text. In B. na f.: lethrend .i. lethchos: dā lú is lethrend dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6. Of weapons: 'na leathgrúaidh, Duan. F. ii 224 § 7 . im chechtar a da lethdorn in chlaidib, LL 237b38 ( TTr. 1548 ). Fig. leathlámh, a Dhé, im dhál distress my portion, Aithd. D. 52.1 . ? tríocha laoch gan leathlámha, DDána 86.32 . In deriv. adjj.: misi . . . co leath-lámach, MR 308.7 . tri náimhde . . . lethṡúilecha one-eyed, Acall. 6248. Less exactly with names of other parts of the body: baluid dia lethagid in luirg, TBC-LL¹ 651 . imspelip dano .i. bīd folt cechtar na dā lethc[h]end on each side of the head, Corm. Y 1091 . bit lir . . . renda nime far leithchind ┐ far lethchloigind, BDD² 861 - 2 . lamha leoiti ┐ leithcind letarda, CCath. 3179 . dar leit[h]cenn Sleibi Ois, 4770 . tecmait da sleig inna dib leth-foltaib two tresses(?), LU 4359 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine, O'D. 2334 ( Rawl. 506, 36 ). gur leadair in leath-ucht ┐ in leath-bhruinne, MR 300.1 . ro ber[r]tha a lethu[l]chi, SR 6720 (= rasit . . . dimidiam partem barbae, 2 Reg. x 4 ). conda tarla fora lethbeólu lopsided, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). Note also the adj. lethcholpthach of a defective cow injured in a leg, limping(?): mat leth-colpthach, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). intan . . . ropo lethcolb in set, O'Curry 345 ( H 3.18, 191b ) = O'D. 662 ( H 3.17, 492a ). cid caoch cíd lethcolptach iat, O'D. 855 ( H 3.17, 609 ). cid lecholb, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16b ). cid lethcolpach iat, O'D. 1646 ( H 5.15, 20a ). Cf. intan roba chaech no crín no bacach in sét, O'D. 1629 ( H 5.15, 16 ).

With a large variety of other nouns in sense of one of two, one of a pair : ní thuc acht lethassa imme `one shoe', Fél. 12.28 . doníter long . . . do lethblaeisc na huidhi (leg. huighe) sin one half-shell, RC xxiv 377.5 . iall lethbraigi (= bróice), IT iii 81 § 59 . gabaid leithchenn na cloiche, Acall. 2176. genelach húa nEchach Coba ┐ is iat-side let[h]chenēl (lethcenelach, v.l.) Dāl nAraidi, Corp. Gen. 326 (162b13) . dobered-sum lethcluiche forra he would win his game from them, RC v 199.27 . lethcnaim a rig, Laws v 354.5 . led-chollbe flatho `one of the two pillars of the kingdom', Wb. 23d31 . lethcholbe flatho .i. Brigit, Thes. ii 326.3 ( Hy. iv 9 ). leathchonchlonn eile an Íobhail `the Jew's companion', Aithd. D. 94.3 . lethchosmailius lesom inso trisa cotarsnae one member of a comparison, Ml. 30d19 . 37d10 . ro gab a leth-chuarán de, Lib. Hymn. i 187.32 . dom leathchuing fhir ealadhna to my fellow-poet, DDána 76.21 , cf. Aithd. D. 13.22 . nochar leathchumthach leanna / A. `no solitary drinker of his feast', Aithd. D. 42.11 . dá leath-dhlaoi an dréimire the two uprights, TSh. 10832 . tainic ar inchaibh a lethemain `his twin brother', CCath. 2068 . lethén in eóin allmaraig the foreign bird's mate, GJ iv 42b22 . claideb lethḟáebair one-edged, TBC-LL¹ 1718 . aos lethḟaobhoir, ZCP x 285.6 . Cf. cletine .i. lethfaobrach, O'Dav. 568 . is lethgabail flatha fri hEoganacht they are entitled to kingship in turn, Irish Texts i 21 § 13 . leithgenelach D. pedigree on the other side, ZCP xiv 70.6 . is do leithgenelaig fer nGréc dóib, Dinds. 128 = do Greccaib a llethcinel, Bodl. Dinds. 14. fria lethéill a bróci do bein de, MacCongl. 47.9 . smacht lethime one side of a boundary-fence(?), Laws v 270.21 Comm .; y Comm . leathlámhann (sic leg.) one glove, Eochairsg. 64.29 . leathmharcach `fellow-horseman', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 406.8 . lethmuincille, RC xxvi 362.6 . a braithre . . . da mharbadh tre leathol fleghi having shared a feast, Caithr. CC 2 (leg. ḟleadhól? But cf. lethdeog fri caindli sorcha, Anecd. i 14.16 = SCano 480 ). Cf. (adj.) iairmeirgi ḟuar leathrannach `nocturns that equally divide (the night)', Acall. 2963 v.l. ( SG ii 178 ) = ZCP vi 271.10 . Indrechtach . . . lethríg Ulad `one of the two kings of U.', Ann. Inisf. 835 . drem na llethríg, Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 32 . leithrí-sede na Mirmidonda `one of the two kings', LL 240a35 ( TTr. 1741 ). i n-aghaidh an fhir do ríoghais / . . . / leithrí má do-ní do námha a rival king, Aithd. D. 31.18 . C. lethrí Ciarraighe do marbadh . . . do ríg na leithe aile do Ciarraigi, RC xvii 397.7 (Tig.). ro chosain Eocho lethrīgi nUlad īar sin fri Muridach, Aided Echach 202 §6 . i leithríge in tsída fri Fiachna sharing the kingdom, SG 57.25 . G. . . . leaththuiseach don cluichi `one of the two leaders', Ériu xii 142.26 . lethorsa gacha tigi oil door-post, Fen. 166.1 .

(g) With various adjj.: fōcra lethamnas, ACL iii 295 § 24. lethbaiti `half-drowned', Aen. 268 . co torchair sís lethbéo, Trip.² 1505 . na daoine leithbheó dying, TSh. 5698 . doroich . . . in ri cusind epscop ┐ se leth-brec half-speckled with fire, RC xxvi 366.18 . lethchaech gl. monoculosus, Ir. Gl. 624 . cailleach lethchāech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . da mbeth fír occa . . . dam[b]adh gó . . . dam[b]ad lethchintach, IT iii 191 § 20 . cith lethchomnart a n-ude half as strong, ZCP xiii 374.13 (= xx 221 ). lethchosgarthai gl. semirutas, Ml. 128b5 . With -chuind (g s. of cond sense) legal of persons non compos mentis: athgabail fir lethcuind, Laws i 200.29 . ainm do amadan . . . in fer lethcuinn, O'Dav. 485 . o murcuirthi leth-cuind, Laws v 82.12 Comm . Cf. co nderna lethincinn di ar mbrisiudh a leithchinn, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n.2 . in cetraime lethdedenach second last, IT iii 74 § 34. leithdeimhin `almost certain', Mac Aingil 2424 . re h-anaicentacht leis na lend-brat . . . leth-fada half-long, MR 180.13 . Treithne Leth[g]leór, LL 4917 . Eithne lethgleoir, Rawl. 134b12 . is hé lethgleóir leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400 = TBC St. 4408. leithghléoir .i. leathshúil ghlóire. laoch leithghleoir, O'Cl. a siriti lethguill, LU 8879 ( FB 67 ). Sothṅge lethgot (n. pr. f.), Rawl. 134b19 . Leath-lobar mac Find, RC xvii 340.x (Tig.). ledmarb gl. emortuum, Wb. 2c26 . a brathair ledarthi leathmarb, TTebe 1013 . coin brena lethoma, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). lethshathach gl. semisatur, Ir. Gl. 403 . fear uirísiol bean uasal . . . clann leathuasal tig uatha, Párl. na mB. 577 . anní do tindsgnadh atá sé leathullamh, Carswell 16.12 . This prob. also the sense in lethtenn, lethtrom and lethḟota of consonants in the poem in ZCP xii 295 ( daur, gort, bethe . . . / do leith for leith is leathtroum, § 2 ). ngetal, luiss, ruis cona rinn, | nin ┐ muin ... | ... | fedha lettenna, ZCP xii 295 § 3 . fern is coll is tinne tra | ... | donī in trīan sin ... | lethtenn lān is lāncuibdes, ZCP xii 295 § 4 . coic fodhla ar ēccuibdes oll: leathfoda, leathtend, lethtrom, ZCP xii 295 § 6 . With adv.: lesdruim .i. leas uait [┐ fris] cucut, no leatarsna darin druim bis aicmi muine, Auraic. 988 (i.e. the Ogam notches of the m-group transverse the ridge).

In legal contexts: a mic ro gialla, ni cuirthe curu leathfas, O'Curry 1751 ( 23 Q 6, 33b ). ni cuirther curu lethfasa, O'Curry 1064 ( H 3.18 , 440a ). medon-lax .i. leth-lax, O'Curry 114 ( H 3.18, 72 ). cia leth coimperta indarbthar breithemnas no airbert ae leth-balbh teanga ┐rl. .i. comaircim cia in lucht comairbertnaigther don dara leth um an ae um an caingin, O'Curry 1608 ( 23 Q 6, 5a ) `halb Stummzungige', ZCP xv 355. Similarly: cia leth coimpert inarbtha brethe no airbert ae .i. comaircim cia an lucht comairbertnaigter don dara leth uman ae uman caingin ┐ inarbtar o airbert fethamhnais ┐ brethemnais iad .i. lethbhalb tengaid ┐ lethloisc n-eoluis ┐ lethanbal n-ae, O'Curry 2271 ( Eg. 88, 20a ), O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ), O'D. 1657 ( H 5.15, 22 ), O'D. 1658 (ibid.). fer medongaite leth-indlidhach in ceile `half-unlawful', Laws v 218.17 Comm . O'Curry 2154 - 5 ( Eg. 88, 4a ), O'Curry 2156 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(h) Rarely with verbs (mainly for alliteration): cor ben a heochair dar suil Cormaic co ro lethchaech hé, Laws iii 84.1 (Introd. to Lebar Aicle). Ulaidh leis mar leathghabhaid when the Ulaidh take his side, Aithd. D. 20.20 . rí dá lógh do leathtolladh whose side was pierced, 60.2 . ro leithbrisedh ┐ ro lángabhadh an baile, AFM v 1658.20 .

In many nn. loc., both as subst. and as first element of compds. See Hog. Onom.

óg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óg or dil.ie/33562
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: úag, ógae, óge, óige, ógh, ógán, ógbán, ógdiles, ógfind, ógslán

adj o,ā (or u, Celtica xxiv 172 ) also úag, a form common in Mid.Ir. but not found in Glosses. The stem-consonant appears to be non-palatal in all cases in O.Ir.: g s f. ógae, Ml. 144c7 . óge, Sg. 6b28 ; later generally óige.

(a) whole, entire, integral : ogh .i. comlan, O'Dav. 1315 , cf. Corm. Y 65. ogh .i. imṡlan, Lec. Gl. 102 M . uli (nō uile nō ogh), Corm. p. 2 (amnas). rann óg complete part (of speech), Sg. 6b28 . n du. da n-óg (gl. cuiusquam, i.e. a compd. contain- ing two integral words), 157b6 , cf. 75b3 , 98a2 . comsuidigthe o dib n-ógaib (gl. altera utera), 98a1 , cf. 75a5 . loiscis in garmain . . . matan ba óg in garman was whole (again), Hy. v 76. mo chorp úag i n-úaig entire (? uncorrupted) in the grave, LU 9945 = PRIA iii 536 § 29. a n-ol n-úag . . . na ruirech . . . triche dálem nos dáled the entire amount of drink, LL 28b32 . etir imrad uag | nar bo luad don Flaith all converse wherein there was no word of the Lord, ACL iii 222 x . donrimmart gorta . . . a críchaib Cannáin fri ar n-adlaic uaig to supply all our need, SR 3487. dilegfat claind Ádaim huaig the entire race of A., 2429 . lethat Tuadmuman . . . is ē a dāil fri hErinn hōig `compared with the whole of Ireland', Ériu ii 50 § 3. féich ogha full fines, Laws i 286.36 Comm.

Passing into sense of complete, perfect(ed): ro frestuil . . . gumbut oga a n-ocobair till their desires were satisfied, ACL iii 3.12 . manibat óga a frithḟolaid `unless the reciprocal obligations be fully discharged', Ériu i 219 § 9. This is prob. the sense in chevilles: erim n-úag, LL 258b36 . óg in t-anfad, 183b11 = Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 32 (`a tempest outright').

compar. with DE: ogthach .i. oigh-thech .i. oguide a tech dia buith fair, Corm. Y 1016 (see ochtach). superl. céim as úagu `step most perfect', Fél. Nov. 30. Adv. don c[h]reitmech c[h]reitfes co hogh entirely, absolutely, RC xxxvii 346 § 22. ro forruimedh co hogh ann hé la righ C. he was lodged with all his retinue (?), ZCP viii 102.4 (B. na f.).

(b) used as subst. in neut. sing. folld. by part. gen., the whole : a ṅ-óg no ráidiu `all that I say', Fél. 358 (a n-uag, ind óc v.l.). ogh n-airbid `full food', Laws v 432.19 . og n- arathair , iv 310.14 (`full ownership of a plough', MacNeill, MacNeill, Law of status 291 ). tuc Patraic óg ndilguda dóib plenary forgiveness, LU 9764 = RC vi 164.26 . ronbiat . . . huag córe complete peace, Ériu iii 137.1 . faicebthai leis óg far cend all your heads, TBC-LL¹ 291. óg bar carat all your friends, LL 239a19 = TTr. 1650. óg n-ell `all the kine', Metr. Dinds. ii 62.11 . go ffargaibhsett ogh a long . . . ag Ua M., AFM ii 936.9 , cf. 1050.14 . ratha i n-ogh na saire seo, Anecd. i 42.16 = `the inviolability of this freedom', Ériu iv 43 z . uile n-óg `all entire', `all told', used as adv.: doratsat sin uile n-óg `gave all these completely', Metr. Dinds. iii 10.117 . ro ort uile n-óg in énlaith, 258.33 . dosfangator cenél C. uile n-ógh came in all their strength, Hugh Roe 300.4 (f. 78b) .

(c) untouched, intact, inviolate : in talam dia ṅdernad Adam, óg e-side, ar ní ro helned ó iarnd nách o fhuil, PH 2024. sméra áille uagha `fresh', BS 110.7 .

Often of places (prob. the orig. meaning of the epithet as applied to Ireland, though later the country came to be personified as a virgin): o ruirig nimi noeb-uáig, SR 5878. a íath n-énach n-indsech n-úag `virgin mead of birds and islands', Metr. Dinds. ii 10.8 . a tig righ na hindsi uaighi, Snedg. u. Mac R 11 z . Eri ogh inis na naemh, MacCarthy 408 § 1 . apstal Hérenn óge `virginal', Fél. Mar. 17 (of S. Patrick, possibly = of all Ireland). cein bes Ere uagh, Anecd. ii 71.11 .

Of abstracts: fofuair . . . mor n-ecnai uaigh co n-ógrath, SR 3810 (= pure? complete?). sruaim ecna uaigh, ACL iii 220.15 .

(d) of persons, the primary meaning may be complete, lack- ing in nothing, or unsullied, pure: duine óg iar fírinne, SR 450. nem n-aṅgel n-uag, 635 . a Míchíl archaingil uaig!, SG 389. 19 . rucad Helíí uag | ina charput don bith buan, KMMisc. 150.45 ( LB 247b13 ); `the chaste Elijah', but possibly intact, i.e. in the body.

In Mid.Ir. and later lit. (esp. relig.) generally in restricted sense celibate, chaste : óg eter ógaib (of John the Baptist), PH 880 . as eissen . . . cet martir ┐ cet sagart ┐ cet og do bai do sil Adaim, MacCarthy 286 (a) . nís aitrebat acht nóemóig nó ailitrig dútrachtacha, FA 12. forcetul do na lánómnaib ┐ do na hógaib to married and single, PH 1670. ba húag ba hidan a maicc, LL 370b51 .

Common epithet of the Virgin Mary: Maire óg ingen, FA 6. féil Maire húage, Fél. May 3. In late lang. indecl. in this con- nexion: Muire Ógh, do Mh. Ógh, mac M. Ógh, IGT Dec. § 126 .

Hence (e) as subst. ā, f. a virgin : ógh, IGT Dec. § 39.16 . uirgo . . . .i. og, Corm. Y 178. tar bruinniu ógae over a maiden's breasts, Ml. 144c7 , cf. 100a3 . berid og mac, PH 2262. mac na hóige .i. Crist, 2022 . dond óig Iulianae, Fél. Feb. 16 (uaig, oigh v.l.). ar cech noebuaig, SR 7817. dī óig, FA 15 (n du.). muinter nime eter nóemu ocus nóemóga, ┐. nóeb [leg. noíb] is nuíbhuaga, SR 441. ticdis a ndruíde ┐ a n-óga coisecartha, PH 335. for érlam Brigti co n-ogaib Érenn impe, Hy. i 51.

Occas. of a man: do coimeit se n-a oigh ro-naemtha kept himself a virgin, BCC § 353. an dream nár salchadh ré mnáibh óir as ógha iad, Revel. xiv 4.

(f) exceptionally as subst. f. in abstract sense, chastity, purity : easpog go n-óigh n-intinne `virginal in mind', Arch. Hib. i 98 § ii . So also in pl.: crí co n-uagaibh `body of purity', AFM ii 582.13 (poem). fer co n-occaibh, ii 600.7 (poem).

Common in compds.,

(a) with subst.

(1) in sense entire, complete , often in legal and techn. terms: ógh-aisecc cruidh full restitution, AFM ii 1114.19 . la taob og-aisic dá creith (= creich), Anecd. ii 76.1 . rucus og-altram do mathair a oenur entire upbringing, Rawl. 113a22 (das ganze Aufziehen fällt der Mutter zu, ZCP xv 320 § 13 ). dodeochatar na noib i n-ógbrāthirsi [sic leg.] etir na cenela, ZCP viii 315.19 (cf. óg-síd). lethcaichach a tairsce ocaichach ma caichach naiche 'full penalty' CIH i 72.4 , EIF 136 . dorat dó a uagcommus full authority, SR 3172. co ndernad a ogdilcenn it was completely destroyed, CCath. 2590 ; cf. AFM ii 652.5 (óghdilgeann). dorat a ogdilsi fein cona uile maithius dó `absolute ownership', RC xii 332.6 , cf. 348.13 . oghdiriu (= ¤díre) do cech eclais full due, Cáin Ad. 36. ogflaithem .i. fer tri seincleithe cona comorbaib 'the ógflaithem ('full lordly-one'), i.e. a man of 3 hereditary tenants with their proper successors' CIH ii 584.21 (Míadṡlechta) , ZCP xlii 76 . incomalltar ogime (leg. ógimbe) dia mis 'full hedging is completed in a month' CIH i 65.5 (Bretha Comaithchesa) , The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 105 § 4 . don oghlaithi aigeanta the full natural day (i.e. 24 hours), MR 106.11 . raithi . . . a n-oghlesaigte Emine, Anecd. i 42.13 (`guarantors . . . for the full satisfaction of E.', Ériu iv 43 ). is ogleith in sin, ni certleath `a virtual half, not an exact half', Auraic. 1728. ógleth, IT iii 66.23 . oglinath ind firinnigthe full accomplishment, Wb. 3d22 . oghlosgadh, AFM iii 554.7 . ier n-oghroinn Insi hErenn dividing the whole island of Ireland, Leb. Gab.(i) i 274 z . ógríar (see below). dogniat ógsíd .i. Diarmait ┐ Guaire are fully reconciled, ZCP iii 218.11 . co ndearnsat oghsídh fo bachaill Iosa, AFM ii 1086.14 . co ndearnsat óighsidh fri aroile, iv 930.5 . co ndernsad ógṡith na hErenn a general peace, RC xviii 164 z . ógthatchur, see below. ní ógthindnacal . . . óre ro tectsat ní de riam not alto- gether a gift, Wb. 1a9 .

(2) in relig. and later lit. generally in sense perfect or pure, chaste: co n-úagbail `perfect goodness', Fél. Dec. 3. ogben, Gorm. Nov. 15. ó ghenair Crist dind oghbhreith, AFM ii 648.5 . oghbriathra ána `pure, noble words', MR 160.7 . ógcéssad (= martyrdom), Fél. June 5 . ar aithne . . . in ógh-espuicc `virgin bishop', BNnÉ 265 § 229. ógfer (of a saint), Gorm. May 2 , cf. June 23 . oiginis Erenn, MacCarthy 436 § 5. cen óg- naith `without perfect song', Metr. Dinds. iv 150.52 . ógrath, SR 3810 , cf. 7499 . ógrí, Fél. Prol. 92.

(b) with adj., either in sense entirely, perfectly , or forming dwanda-compds. ógán ` virginal, splendid ', Gorm. Aug. 3. mind ṅ-úagbailc `virginal, strong', Fél. Aug.16. ógbán, Gorm. Mar. 8. caega n-urla n-ogbuidhe pure yellow, ZCP viii 539.1 . ógdérg a fonnaid all red, FB 24 ( LU 8345 ). ógdiles belonging in fee simple (to), Thes. ii 239.16 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). ógfind, Ériu iv 32.12 . a chruth cith uagfind though wholly fair his form, ZCP vi 267 § 1 . beich óghlána `laden bees', TD 18.24 . ógslán entire, intact, perfectly sound : co roichet o. tarsin nglend tentide, FA 22. ní dígbad ní día ubull . . . acht ba ógṡlan beus, LU 10022. iss é úagṡlán cen on cen anim., LL 250b43 ( TBFr. 268 ). ba hoghshlan he o churp ┐ o anmain, PH 468.

piscatal, (? piscatail)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. piscatal, (? piscatail) or dil.ie/34373

 

n aradh cacha fedna .i. inní for a n-airidh feadan arathair cunge ┐ cechta ┐ piscatail, H 3.17 c. 340 ( O'D. 442 ), cf. Laws v 482.26 , 484.14 ; appar. some agricultural implement or part of a plough .

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