Search Results

Your search returned 10 result(s).

airdam (dom)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdam (dom) or dil.ie/1805
Last Revised: 2019

 

n Variously applied to any extraneous building attached to a larger one, vestibule, porch, etc.; subsidiary church (?) Seanchas 40 . See Petrie, Round Towers p. 434 ff. ; Plummer Bede ii 80 . aurdam .i. ur-dom .i. aur-teagdais .i. fri tegdais anechtair, Corm. Y 24 . dam a uerbo domo .i. tai[r]berim, nō ardam fria gabail, 462 . dertach na damliac na herdamh na fidnemedh, AU i 502.16 . soiscela mor Coluim cille do dubgait . . . as ind iardom iartharach in daimliacc moir Cenannsa, 518.11 (marginal note in MS). ó crois dorais urdoim co Siofoicc (Kells), AFM ii 1118.5 . isin croich craind fil a nirdum na h-eclaisi, LB 158a27 . rocoimhéitt é (sc. corp Fursa) i n-erdomh na heccailse, RC xxv 398 § 17 . —oslaiccidh in erdam do Coluim cilli, ol Adamnan, Anecd. ii 18.11 . erdam orda fris anes (of heaven), LU 1984 ( FA § 5 ). triasín n-erdam n-orda, 2246 ( FA § 31 ). co dorus érdaim imdorais in dúnaid, MacCongl. 87.21 . ar fot . . . na nurdhom ┐ na n-imdhorsi, CCath. 4442 . ro ela P. . . . as cach aurdam i n-araili, BB 443b17 .

Albu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Albu or dil.ie/2890

 

Forms: Albain, Alpain, Alban, Alpan, Alba, Alpa, Albain, Albae, Albe, Alpe

pn n, f. n s. A.¤ , Goid. 77 § 51 (Dúil Laithne). Alpu, IT iii 33 § 7 . a s. Albain, AU i 278.x . Alpain, Trip.² 1891 . g s. Alban, Thes. ii 306.3 (Hy. i), Fél. March 23 (: ardam ). Alpan, LU 6725 . d s. A.¤ (Alba, Alpa v.l.), ACC § 114 ( RC xx 280 ). Albain (Alpain v.l.), Fél. Apr. 21 . Albae (: ardae), Fél. Jan.8, June 25 . Albe, Imr. Brain 42.8 . Meyer, Wortk. 67 postulates an early form Alpe ( or io), but his exx. are not conclusive. Equivalent of Greek-Lat. Albion, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 110 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 385 .

Orig. the whole island of Britain; later localised to North Britain, Scotland. See O'Rahilly loc. cit.; Fraser, SGS v 72 . ondlosbu .i. albu Scotia, Goid. 77 § 151 (Dúil Laithne). ar iffurn i n-A. omun .i. ar húamun iffirn do-chuaid i nAlbain dia ailithri, ACC § 114 ( RC xx 280 ). bendacht for Colum cille / co nnóebaib Alban alla, Thes. ii 306.3 (Hy. i). Colum Cille i n-ailithre. Prima nox eius i nAlbain in Pentecostén, Ann. Inisf. 74.2 . dar Alpain ... ar robo ainm do inis Bretan ule ollim Alban (glossators attempt to explain tar Elpai), Thes. ii 311.20 . for feraib Hērenn ┐ Alban, Cáin Ad. § 28 . for cūairt Ēirenn ┐ Alban ┐ Mannand, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.x ). muir iter Ēirinn ┐ Albain, 753 . i nAlbain túascirt la Cruthnechu, TBFr. 359 . atan-rarbadne a tír Alban ┐ Breatan, BDD² 417 . Aedán macc Gabrán ro gab Alpain ar éicin, Trip.² 1891 . imchosnom im rígi n-Alban ... co torchair leth fer n-Alban etarru, SCano 1 . fosén diangabh Aengus Albain (albanach v.l.) / alpu (alba v.l.) thulcach, IT iii 33 § 7 . Gruibni eces di Alpain, ib. luid ... do foglaim ecsi in Albain co Eochu echbél, LL 186a13 . cait a bḟuil in ferann sin (i.e. Arann in the firth of Clyde)? Idir Alpain ┐ Cruithentua[i]th, Acall. 332 . Druim nAlpuind (nAlban v.l.) name of the mountain range separating the Scots from the Picts, ZCP iii 463 § 18 (O'Rahilly loc. cit.).

Also name of a hill in Co. Kildare: mors Laeghaire for taebh Chaisse in campo Lifi etir in da chnoc .i. Eiriu ┐ A. a n-anmanda, AU i 20.5 .

See Alpae.

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam , Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

ardam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ardam or dil.ie/4054

 

x see airdam.

bennchopor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bennchopor or dil.ie/50067
Last Revised: 2019

 

n [o, m.] (benn + capar) steeple, tower : ro lend ar bendchopor in derthaige 'it stuck on the dome of the oratory', Thes. ii 328.41 . nach tan bus n-íslem cech bendchopur Arad Móra is and bes ardam a chongbáil-sium ┐ a bendchopur, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . conna fargaib bennchobbor i nArd Macha ... cen loscud 'a steeple', AI 996.4 . amail chailc for bendchobar daurthige, LB 108a78 . ro scoilt bendchapur in tempuil ... ó mullach co a lár, PH 2896 . mo bhennchobhar (sic) ┐ mo blaitheglais 'tower', Ériu v 90.34 .

1 dos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dos or dil.ie/18430
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dus, dus, dus, duss, duis, dois, dusu, doss, dos

n u, o, m. ? n s. dus (: Oengus), Metr. Dinds. iii 390.17 . d s. dus, Ériu lxv 128 . dus, TBC-I¹ 2665 = duss, TBC-LL¹ 3460 . g s. duis, dois. a p. dusu, TBC-I¹ 3601 . g p. doss, Thes. ii 290.10 . IGT Decl. § 67 . ? dosae, Ériu xxxix 136 . Bushy tree (poetic word): dos a tall tree with a thick branching head, hence a tall man . . . also . . . a bush, bramble or thicket , P. O'C.

(a) In lit. sense of a tree: airdem dosaiph dair highest of trees is the oak, Auraic. 4275 = ardam dossaibh, 5548 . dairib doss, LL 52b41 . is decmaic mes do beith ar d.¤ mana fuil frēmh aigi, Laws iv 382 Comm. co cualatar in ceol isin dus ibair, SG 311 . d.¤ na righ (one of the three chief trees of Ireland), ZCP v 21 . fir is mna míne fo doss | cen peccad, cen immorboss, Imr. Brain § 41 . ní ba lia (sic leg.) duilli for d.¤ , SG 364 . de dindgnaib doss, Thes. ii 290 (poem).

Copse, thicket: dligid a doss, a derb-chaill, Metr. Dinds. ii 58 . do-s-neim d.¤ dlúit[h] dairpri rúaidh ( foliage ?), Fianaig. 14 . inmain d.¤ ainglech idhan, | Ros nDairbrech na noeibh-ibur, Lism. L. 4726 . rohoileadh . . . illeptaib feoir ┐ fidnemid ┐ ua dosaib diamraib digaindi darach, TTebe 512 . ar cur agh a huardhosaibh hunting the deer out of cool thickets, Ó Bruad. iii 52 . In n.loc. Cnoc an Dois, CF 263 .

(b) Transf. protector, one who gives shelter or defence, champion, superior (common in poetry and rhetorical prose): nítfia luag . . . nidat doss ós duss (Fer Diad to Cú Ch.), TBC-LL¹ 3460 = TBC-I¹ 2665 . Dauid, ciarbo deoda doss, SR 6799 . roslecht[sat] dia [n]dúis, dia [n]doss their lord, 3467 . doss frēmunn ḟírinne (of Colum Cille), ACL iii 218 = Rawl. 107b3 . doss fína fíal forglidi, RC xx 146 . dom' d.¤ donnbhailc deghdaire, LL 385b13 . is he dighlas in dus garg, Fen. 68 . ré secht mbliadan déc don d.¤ , LL 127b14 ( MacCarthy 156 ). trí bliadna fa dó don dus, do mac Colmáin, Arch. Hib. ii 83 ( LL 184b45 ). in doss dítnes dronga Domnand, LL 45a31 . testa úadib a ndegthóisech engnama . . . ┐ d.¤ a ndíten, TTr.² 1208 . Hence doss díten tree of shelter (common epithet of a hero): rapo doss díten . . . leo Conall, CRR § 36 , LL 228b14 (of Hector). ina d.¤ dítin deghlāech, Fianaig. 86 . dā laech . . . dā d.¤ didin, Cog. 56 . ón d.¤ dídin (of Aodh Ua Néill), Hugh Roe 284 . robtar dois didin . . . doibh, 316 . Maelduin in doss díten, Gorm. June 10 . d.¤ ditin (of Mochuta), SG 35 . a dhuis díona in degshlóig, 265 . Exceptionally in abstr. sense: doem d.¤ ditin ar nimtenchus don fhiligh `protection is afforded for the dignity of the poet', Laws i 62 Comm. In compd. with adj. or subst.: Rumel rigd.¤ , SR 796 . rig rodelb Pardos . . . is he ar n-armd.¤ airgdidi, 1300 . is mé Oengus céle Dé | coemd.¤ glē clēre, 8010 . co torchair in caemd.¤ cáin, LL 127b38 ( MacCarthy 156 ). docer coemdoss Cindmara, 128b39 . ria cuanaib na caemdoss, 140b28 . trilis chuanna na caemd.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 424 .

In chevilles: Dia dom chomét diplib d.¤ , LL 297a12 (wrongly written d'iplib, SG 364 ) = dib lib d.¤ , Lec. 699a46 . imroéfet fri bérla | ó Róim dítnib doss, LL 119a18 ( PRIA xix 532 ).

In other senses: Hiruad . . . robean aingel Dē da deoin, | dorigne doss cruime de a mass (?) of worms (of Herod, cf. Acts xii 23 ), YBL 138b51 . aradhna . . . go sgoth-dhossaibh for a gcennoip ` tassels ', Fl. Earls 252 .

Compds. ¤aball: confacaid d. díonmór fó bláth a leafy apple-tree , SG 351 . ¤barrach: coillti dlúithi dosbarracha ` bush-topped ', CF 820 . ¤bile: dosbhile buadha ar lár an oilein a luxuriant tree, KMMisc. 322 . ba samhalta re doisbhile mor os fhiodhbaidh, ZCP x 279 . Transf. of a hero: adbath craeb dosbili móir | Aengus Molbtach Mac Nadfraich, RC xvii 120 (Tig.), cf. AFM 489 (dosbhile n-óir). Of a thick head of hair: méit[ithir] cliab búana in dosbili find forórda fil fair, BDD § 97 . dosbili mór fair, FB § 91 . ¤ḟotae: eocrand . . . duillech doss-fota, IT iii 42.14 = dosḟada, 16 ; dosada, 13.7 . ¤galach: dorar ardidlach | eslabar d., LL 5295 ( IT iii 33 , dossg., BB). ¤glan: Tuaim nDoss-glain, Metr. Dinds. iii 312 . ¤lebar: do bhí in lomán. . . gégach duilleach doisleabar tall and bushy, Ériu iv 116 . ¤lethan: bile díghainn doislethan leafy and spreading, SG 68 . fo dhoiredhuib dosleathna, Fianaig. 52 . ¤linn: for dolinntib na habann ` bushy pools ', RC xxiii 410 . ¤mag: ar choill | na ndosmhagh uaine aloinn wooded (bushy?) plains , 3 C 13, 720.10 . ¤mailgech bushy-browed , FB § 37 . ¤mór: croind duillecha dosmhóra, BCC § 355 d . coillte díona dosmhóra duillebair, SG 266 . See dosmar.

ferdris

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferdris or dil.ie/21712
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: feirdris

n ī, f. (cf. dris) a bramble, briar: ardam iachtadha .i. feth .i. fefe nó f.¤ , Anecd. iii 43.22 = feth .i. fe ue at uath feirrdris, Auraic. 4295 . rubus .i. in feirdris, RC ix 243.9 . rubus .i. ferrdris, ACL i 335.67 . barr firdrisi, Irish Texts v 6.16 . feirrdhris, eirrdhris `a dogbrier', `wild rose' P. O'C. feirdris ` wild briar ' Hog. Luibhl.

1 grád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grád or dil.ie/26459
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (Lat. gradus) o, n. grade, degree, rank, order ; in sg. and pl. eccles. orders : a ngrád as isliu oldate angil, Wb. 4b25 . cid huaisliu grád neich alailiu, Ml. 115d8 . sechib grád i mbether and imp óge fa lánamnas, Wb. 10a18 . intain dorratad grád fort `when orders have been conferred upon thee,' ib. 28d9 . grad nepscuip, 28c8 . archuit ind óissa gráid `as regards those in orders,' 16d7 . re ngrád et iar mbathis `before ordination and after baptism,' ib. 31b4 . ni taibre grád for nech, 29a28 . salm di grad `Gradual,' Thes. ii 252.17 (St. Miss) ; ib. 15 . Gramm. as ṅgrád (gl. positivus gradus), Sg. 139a10 . bid anim (leg. ainm) n-adiecht- for cetal (leg. cétna-) randgabail ┐ condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared throughout the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 446 . fer graid sochenelach sobessach `a man of rank of good family and morals,' Thes. ii 307.11 . aés gráid tarmideocatár a n-gráda `ordained folk who have transgressed their orders,' FA 28 . dobeir grád as ardam it gives rank that is highest, Fél. Ep. 207 . ad-mestar díre coir cach grāid do ṡōernemthib ┐ dōernemthib, ZCP xi 95 § 52 . ocht n-eich ... la grádhaibh flatha acus áirdrigh do righ na n-Uaithni `with the office [of chief officer of trust] of a sovereign ...,' Leb. Cert. 70.11 = seacht cuirn dia ndámhaibh d'án díl | beith a ngrádhaibh an áird-righ `to be in office under the monarch,' 78.12 . madh na secht ngraidh flatha `the seven degrees of chieftains,' Laws i 60.17 Comm. ró miodhair Neire nemhedh gach báird fri gradha Féne 'Neire has adjudged the privilege of every bard, as they correspond to the freeman grades', UR 55.1 ​. mat beich aerda a mbun craind graid feine is leth bech don grad fein[e] ┐ leth dfir bunadh 'if it is bees in the air [which settle] in the trunk of a commoner, a half of the bees goes to this person and a half to the original owner', Bechbretha 182 (b)​ . atait secht ngraid la Feine, na con tualuing nachae fiadnaise do denum, v 284.1 . co tibred anoir ┐ cátaig ngradai ... do dia n-adrad na hídlu, PH 6622 . nihed domthabair fo grad, | m'athair ba húa do Abrám, SR 3301 . ro fritháiled in rí ... ar grádaib ┐ dánaib, TBC-LL¹ 997 . rogeall ... co tibred seodu imda ┐ mæni ┐ sirgrada doib, Aen. 2090 . gairmidh chuice Elegto ingen Plutoin ina gradaibh `according to her rank,' ib. 1627 . ecclesiastical orders : docuaid fo gradaib illou fheili Adomnain, AU ii 76.2 (an. 1105) . līn forsrolēg grād co nūibe, ACL iii 303 § 6 . secht cōicait n-epscop ... ūad fo grādaibh, § 7 . cutarda grād fair, Trip. i 196.14 . doraid a oide friss dol fona gradaib coiserca, RC xii 324 § 9 . is aire rogabh Natfraich gradha sacairt, Lat. Lives 78.3 . tet ... iar ngabail grad do gu Fabur, RC xii 324 § 9 . Mairg do-beir guth ar ḟer ngrāid | bīs i n-inad Chrīst comlāin, ACL iii 222.14 . in gradh onni is gradus .i. ceim, Auraic. 3284 . secht ngrād ecalsa, ACL iii 307 § 17 . nī cōir a cleith ar ind āes grāid `it is not right to conceal it from the ordained,' Ériu i 44.19 . coica ar dib cétuib escop ┐ coic cét sacart ┐ teora mile do gradhuib ecailse, ib. ii 100 § 4 . deochain ar grādaib `a deacon in rank,' BColm. 82.15 . mac fir ro tuislithe fo grad `while under Holy Orders,' Laws v 202.7 . in tan tra teit oen ... fo gradaib in choimded, PH 7157 . dul fo grad nep[s]coip, Mon. Tall. § 20 . iar n-indarbad uathi (i.e. from the Church) ... droch-aesa gráid, ib. 4645 . Don tsacramainnt ar a ttugthar ord nó grádha, Ó Héodhusa 218.3 . grádha coisreagtha Holy Orders, Donlevy 328.20 . Used of the orders or ranks of the celestial hierarchy : arnaib grádib nemdib tantum , Wb. 21a13 . cuairt ind richidh co noi ngradaib aingel, Ériu ii 106 § 17 . a Chrīst go n-grādhaib, iii 29 § 1 . nōi ngrādh n-aingel, § 4 . co céolaib aingel ar gradhaib dlightheacha an airdrigh, RC xxiv 369.18 . Drong árchaingel nime | ... la nói ṅgrád ríg rathmair, Fél. Ep. 235 . noi n-uird ┐ noi ngraid for anglib nime, PH 6233 . ro-fhresgab mac Dé for gradu hiruphin, 2280 . order, rank of chivalry ; knighthood : tabur gradha ridirechta damh budesta, ZCP vi 28.4 . dohoirdhnedh ... a ngradhaibh ridirechta `were raised ... to the rank of knighthood,' ib. 8 . anuair fa tainic ais gaisgidh damsa, dogabus gradha gaiscidh ┐ deisi ridiri cugum, RC x 189.y . go ngabhadh grádha ridire gaiscidh `the degree of a knight of chivalry,' Keat. ii 6269 . 'sna grádhaibh gaisce fá héigean do gach aon do ghabháil sul do glacfaidhe i bhFiannaidheacht é, ib. 5187 . An individual member of a grade : ar nísnádi(g) na(ch) grád nech bes ardu 'for no member of a grade gives protection to anyone who is of higher rank', Críth G. 114 , Ériu lxvi 3 . nach grād bes īssle araile 'any member of a grade who is lower in status than another', CIH i 234.21 , Ériu lxvi 3 . Used of the raven’s cry: madh fer graidh is gradh gradh congair 'if it be a man in orders it calls gradh gradh ' Ériu viii 121 .

íachtad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íachtad or dil.ie/26905

 

u, n. later m. vn. of íachtaid. act of shouting, crying out; crying, groaning: iachtadh .i. éigheamh, no glaodh, O'Cl. iachtadh cech mairph .i. ach, Auraic. 2378. iachtadh .i. estecht nó subhaidhe, ut est iachta[d] sluaigh suide n-imbais `the outcry of the host is a seat of inspiration,' O'Dav. 1071. cia hiachtadh n-uathmur n-anbhfeta andso? Anecd. ii 51.4 . ardam iachtadha, iii 43.22 . égim no i.¤ no urḟocra, TBC-LL¹ 644. ní d'oen maig is uch nó as i.¤ , RC xx 158 § 7 Comm. (ACC). atnaig a i.¤ curad ass, TTr. 2033. léicis Garb ... a i.¤ écomlaind ar aird, RC xiv 420.17 . in duine ac i.¤ i ngalar, Auraic. 5576. ni gnáth ... i.¤ gan foreigen, MR 238.21 . síreighemh ┐ iachtadh na nanffann, AFM v 1668.3 . int iachtadh esaentadach doronsat Iude ... i fiadnaisi Filait, D IV 2, 40d22 .

Of animal and bird cries: i.¤ na cuilén `the squealing of whelps,' Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 28 § 11. i.¤ na n-enlaith isind aiur for na srothaib teinedh, Ériu ii 138 § 131.

ísel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ísel or dil.ie/29112
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: isliu, ísliu, íslem, íseal, íseall

adj o, ā (in pl. as i). Compar. isliu, Wb. 4b25 . ísliu, Thes. ii 22.35 (Bcr.). Superl. íslem, Ériu ii 202 § 20. Subst. íseal íseall, IGT Decl. § 53.8 .

I

(a) Of size or position, low, of low stature, low-lying ; as subst. (freq. in pl.), a low-lying place, a hollow, the depths: īsil .i. tīs fil, Corm. Y 775. īsel .i. īs-aill, ar nī erbarad a n-īsil muna bē ard ocae, 738 . hua ísiul gl. ab inferno, Ml. 69b8 . donaib íslib gl. ad inferna, 27b2 . inna fortechtai .i. inna ísli ┐ inna cobsaidi gl. depresa (camporum), 81c15 . isin mórchuthe n-í.¤ (i.e. Hell), Thes. ii 317.1 ( Hy. ii ). i n-ísiul gl. in deiectu, 11.39 (Bcr.). isli gl. demersa, ib. ísli doibsom in fecht-sa innahí ruptar ardda dunnai `low to them now ...,' 11.41 (Bcr.). sírid in rindide n-uile ó hisul co huasal `the whole zodiac from low to high,' 22.40 (ib.). rí in hislib, ri in arddaib, SR 7630. ard a medón isli im a dá n-imechtar, LU 2149. nach tan bus n-íslem cech bendchopur Arad Mora is and bas ardam a chongbáil-sium ┐ a bendchopur, Ériu ii 202 § 20. mo slīabh árd ós gach íseall, ZCP viii 221 § 44. Bri mag n-í.¤ ... mag innā biat slēbe ardae, acht talam cumbair í.¤ , O'Mulc. 154. a n-īslib ┐ a n-etrigib na talman, ML² 37. ar ní is ísli ní ḟeacfa | na trí trínsi in túaiscearta, IGT Decl. ex. 1592. fer i.¤ tailc tarbda, TTebe 2557 . hi nglendaib ísle na Galile, PH 4474. biaidh na cnuic níosa thorthaighe iná na hísle, Corp. Astron. 206.9 . Isell Ciarain `name of a church at Clonmacnoise,' CS p. 302.5 and n. 0

Frequent as the second element of a compd. : mac do Samuél chendísel `the Low-headed ,' Fél.² lxxxv 12. amhail theid sruth ... tar chladhaibh clachisli ` low-stoned ,' CF 808. ní bu leithísel in mam `the yoke was not down on one side,' Thes. ii 341.2 (Hy. v). ina dumaduib smūid-lethna smáil-ísle smūrluaithrig, ML² 1178. ar na glenn-s[h]ūilib geil-derga gruadhlaig-ísli very hollow-cheeked . 1589 .

(b) Of sound, low, deep: guth i.¤ cruaid leis, BB 496b28 . traethait na ciulu isli na ciuil arda .i. stocairecht no cornairecht, 327b33 . re séisibh ísle ... oirfidech, MR 110.z . an osnaidh ísill, IGT Decl. ex. 399. Of palatal vowels: eadhadh, iodhadh ceann i gceann | agus éabhadh .eó. íseall 'e, i together with palatal eó', Celtica xxvii 62 § 17 . na trí heamhanchuill ísle 'the three palatal graphs beginning with a', Celtica xxvii 63 § 19 . See also ísle.

(c) Of colour, pale (?) : da mbía in fual is e isi[l] ina dat `remissa in colore,' Rosa Angl. 186.14 .

(d) Of number : ós aniú as ísle a dtionóil `the number is lowest,' Content. xxii 11.

(e) As grammat. epithet, used of the short form of pl. of a noun which has more than one pl. form : gach focal bhíos d'úathadh ┐ d'iollradh, séimh as cóir a ainm ísiol iollraidh a ndíaigh an áirimh, mur so : trí bhile, ... ┐ lom as cóir a ainm ard iollraidh ... mur so : trí bileadha, IGT Introd. 8.21 .

In advbl. phrase, ós ísel, ós ísiol secretly, in secret: tig Naoise ós ísiol a ndaíl [D.], IT ii2 111.42 . go ttainic fora menmain imteacht a hErinn os íseal, BNnÉ i 207.29 . guth oram ... ós íseal ris an ollamh, Studies 1924, 87 § 19 . claon do dhearc uirre os íseal, TD 1 § 12. dorala iomacallamh ós ísiol etir é ┐ drong d'esccairdibh U., AFM vi 1956.y . do chúaidh ... do chum na solluman, ní hós aird acht ... ós íseal, John vii 10. an ti ithiomráidheas ós íseal a chomharsa, TSh. 7277. labhair go réig is glaodhaig go híosal, Midnight court 905 ( ZCP v 228 ).

II Metaph. lowly, humble, mean, of low degree: a ngrád as isliu oldate angil gl. Principatus, Wb. 4b25 . air dom-muinfide bed n-í.¤ intí dia `for that God would have been thought to be mean,' Ml. 40c17 . foillsigthir as n-í.¤ in doinacht iar n-aicniud, 25c5 . is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna n-í.¤ , 40c20 . huand eregim hísil gl. humili conquestione, 63d13 . i.¤ fri art `lowly towards the high,' Thes. ii 235.15 . Cf. Celtica viii 58.5 . cit móir ríg in domain | ...it uaisliu | amsáin ísil Íssu `Jesu's lowly soldiers,' Fél. 152. cíat ísliu fíad dainib | ... bit áird úas dind ḟlatha, 153 . [as] ndiabul taurchrecce in gráid as ísliu t[a]urchreic in gráid as ardu, Críth G. 112. nach grad bes issle araile, is fair fortongar ; nach grad bes uaisle araile, is e fortoing araill, Laws v 460.16 . secht cumula do eagluis uasail, ocus let secht cumul do eagluis ísil `an humble church,' iii 70.12 Comm. is coitceann índsin itir iseal ocus uasal `both to plebeian and noble,' iv 26.2 Comm. on grad uasal cusin grad n-isil, amail ata ollam, ansruth ... foclac, v 26.16 Comm. re foluibh ísli fhuinn Luighdheach `low-born families,' Studies 1919, 73 § 4 . breith íseal ni fhuiléangadh `he will be satisfied with no mean ambition,' Aithd. D. 20 § 3. ráinig mise ar an miotal badh hísle, Keat. Poems 659. do rochtain ... an bhoicht ┐ an tsaidhbhir, an uasail ┐ an ísil, TSh. 361. Of quality : cuibrech is isliu anas ` worse ,' Laws iii 498.10 Comm.

Compds. ? ¤shellach : issil selbt (leg. íssel-sellach `kurzsichtig,' Thurn.), Thes. ii 236.13 . ¤nemed a nemed of low rank, lower dignitary: i mun (leg. mbun) craind uasal-neimid ... i mbun craínd isil-nemidh, Laws iv 182.17 and 184.1 Comm.