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araít

Cite this: eDIL s.v. araít or dil.ie/3956

 

n f. covering, cloak, mantle: arit odor immi, LU 8519 ( FB 37 ). áráit . . . uimbe . . . eitig fri hairechtus aithe aenbroit na hároiti sin, IT i 271.y ( FB 37 Eg.). aráidi gorma ┐ breaca, TBC-LL¹ 5473 . araid gormcorcra ime, 5476 . araid odhur ghlas imbe guna lan do chongaib ┐ do chnamaib, RC xliii 78.8 . a ḟir uird na harāide (: Samāire) / mairg is meraige a dāna, ZCP x 44. 27 . .l. coire n-umai ┐ .l. araid merach, Anecd. i 12.11 (see SCano 376 n. ). araoid cover, carpet, toilet, table-cloth , P. O'C.

arit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arit or dil.ie/4169

 

x see araít.

1 imm, imb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 imm, imb or dil.ie/27635
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imm, im, im, im, himm, imm, um, am, ma, mo, uime, um, fa, imm, imma, im, im, um, im, immin, immin, immun, immon, imon, amun, 'mun, 'man, 'mon, imma n-, imma, imma, imman, imna, immum, imam, imum, imumm, umam, umum, ummumm, immut, imut, umat, umaitsiu, iomut, umad, 'mud, immbi, imbi, immi, imbe, immbe, imme, ime, uime, uimme, imi, uime, impe, impi, immpe, uimpe, uimpi, impea, immunn, immund, immaind, imaind, iomuin-ne, immib, imuib, umaibh, impu, immpu, umpu, umpa, iompa, impaib, imum, 'mam, im du, im do, immut, imod, 'mat, imma, imma, immo, ima, uma, má, immo, immó, immua n-, imm

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing the acc. Forms: imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . im anad, 27d19 . im Dia, 4c24 . im hirusalem, Ml. 72d8 . im chrechtu (sic leg.), 144c5 . himm chenn, Sg. 54a11 . imm ṡalond, IT i 43 § 13. um, Laws iv 226.13 , Ériu i 91.10 , PH 3855 , TSh. 2502 , etc. am, RC xviii 184.1 . ma, Ériu iv 174 § 4. mo, Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . uime, um fhear a chíall ┐ bha fhear ┐ ma fhear a chíall, IGT Introd. 19.2 . fa, TTebe 2767 .

In late O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. imm sometimes governs dat. in pl.: imma rusccuib, IT i 120.9 . im slessaib, SR 3742. im ailib, TBC-LL¹ 1544. um a setaib, Laws iv 226.13 . im chorpaib, PH 7022.

With art.: sg. m and f. immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . immin cathraich, Ml. 48d14 . immun aírc, 83a4 . immon coin, Sc.M² § 21 j . imon imdai, BDD² 1108. amun feis, Sc.M² § 23.8 . With elision 'mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. 'man am, ML² 94. 'mon airdrig, TTebe 3912 . n. imma n-: imma nisin, Ml. 56b31 . imma ndelg, Thes. ii 248.7 . imman tech, MU² 871. pl. imna téta, TBFr. 104.

With pron. suff.: sg. 1 immum, Sc.M² § 10. imam, ib. § 13 R . imum, PH 8161. imumm, 8163 . umam, 1800 . umum, 8160 . ummumm, 6159 . sg. 2 immut, Ml. 118c12 . PH 5047. imut, 8184 . umat, 453 . umaitsiu, TTebe 1064 . iomut, DDána 68 § 33. umad, 97 § 34 . With elision: 'mud, 64 § 1 . sg. 3 m. and n. immbi, Wb. 13d22 . imbi, Sc.M² § 3. immi, § 17 . imbe, MU² 705. immbe, PH 873. imme, MU² 716. ime, PH 3301. uime, 2753 . uimme, 509 . imi, TTebe. 1865. uime, IGT Introd. 19.2 . f. impe, Sc.M² § 5 , TBFr. 82. impi, BDD² 539. immpe, PH 7238. uimpe, 8159 . uimpi, Stair Erc. 2076. impea, 1333 . pl. 1 immunn, Wb. 15c13 . immund, TBFr. 188. immaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752. imaind, PH 7945. iomuin-ne, DDána 39 § 21. pl. 2 immib, Wb. 27b16 . imuib, PH 7855. umaibh, TSh. 6949. pl. 3 impu, Ml. 62b13 . immpu, BDD² 681. umpu, 461 . umpa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1778. iompa, TSh. 6958. With dat.: impaib, MU² 774. TBC-LL¹ 938.

With poss.: sg. 1 imum chend, PH 1871. 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . sg. 2 im du chenn, Thes. ii 249.1 . im do tegdais, PH 4525. immut taeb, imod thoeb, TBC-LL¹ 4073. 'mat fortacht, TTebe 3757 . sg. 3 imma chomalnad, Wb. 30b4 , imma thír, Ml. 62b9 . immo chend, BDD² 1455. ima chend, ib. 840 . uma chend, TTebe 971 . With elision : má chossa, LU 8520 (FB). pl. 1 immo ar sáorad, Mon. Tall. 127.9 . pl. 2 immó bar mbeolu, RC ix 484.17 . pl. 3 immua n-: immelotar immuan eclis `they circumambulated their church,' Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.). ba cendaib, PH 393.

With rel. pron.: imma n-, immo n-, immua n-: nech ... immandaister (gl. mentis incompotem), Ml. 50d2 . immuambiat, 18b4 . én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv ). imma rrabatar, MU² 861. With elision: aní má tudchatar, LU 9011 (FB).

For Mid. Ir. forms fa, ba=imm see under fo (prep.).

I Of place.

(a) around, about: immib di cach leith `around you on every side,' Wb. 17b19 . condarlicthe tech ... immunn di nim `that a house be let down around us from heaven,' 15c13 . bite im chrechtu (sic leg.) `which are wont to be about wounds,' 144c5 . buithe im hirusalem du assaraib, 72d8 . ara teget immin cathraich, 48d14 . in nél nobith immunaírc, 83a4 . fuslegar de imma ndelg immecúairt `it is smeared all round the thorn,' Thes. ii 248.7 . canir anisiu ... imdu chenn `this is sung about thy head,' 249.1 . (tech) udnocht coíl imbi, Críth G. 102. dodat láim immom bragit, IT i 125.6 . da malaigh ... imma rusccuib `two eyebrows about her eyes,' 120.9 . Ulaid im gnúis Conchobair, 81.10 . ro lásat tri imrothu imma chend, LU 8600 (FB). do ratad ... damdabach dona boccótib immi im(m)a c(h)ūairt an enclosing shelter of shields was put about him all round, Sc.M² § 17. niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, § 5. (imdae) dá aurainech ... impe, TBFr. 82. tucait a trí timchúardda imman tech, MU² 871. in tech íarnaide imma rrabatar in dá thech cláraid, 861 . Benna Iuchna | imma ndessid ilar fert, Hail Brigit § 19. coro lám cor imón slúag, LU 3781 ( SCC 35 ). día mbé nech occá sirḟegad imme anair ocus aníar, 2028 . do-gní íarum foebarchles don chloidem immo chend, BDD² 1455. suidig na slúagu 'na sreith | bii impu do cach oen leith, SR 5014. tuc a da rigid mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. talam ísaind ┐ muir immaind, 4752 . uathbas bretha impaib do thulbemmennaib, 938 . gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine, PH 7022. Egeptacda ... filet imon cathraig im Chirinen `circa Cyrenen,' 5384 . do denum na mur imna cethrai, 1034 . atá comrar chloche imbi and hi talmain, Imr. Brain 48.13 . cor íadsattar ... | 'mon ríg ocus 'mon rīgain `till they closed about the king and queen,' BColm. 88.23 . frisna tūatha imdatāat with the tribes around which they are, ZCP viii 315.10 . in fearann uma ndentar in t-aile, Laws iv 70.23 Comm. ro hadnaiced na geill im ḟert Ḟiachra, RC xxiv 184.18 . cuirfed-sa coimghi c[h]onaire umat, ML² 460. roibhadur an dá c[h]omdáil sin leath ar leith 'mun all, Feis Tighe Chonáin 169. na coroni ... atat 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . ro thaoscc an muir bleidhmiola mó a fearonn, Leb. Gab.(i) 66 n 8 . do córaigsium a marcsluagh imma Cunga siar, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 3. fuair Conchubhar ┐ Cúchulainn go gcomhdháil umpa, Keat. ii 3528. do ling ... soighnéan do ghaoith ... um an dteagh, TSh. 2502. Peadar umam i ngach aird `may Peter defend me,' DDána 38 § 32. a throigh im thairnge bhfuar | ... | dearna an Choimdheadh im chló ngéar, Dán Dé xxvi 6.

In a special sense, of the meeting of lines of descent in a person: ní ḟuil do thaobh Chuirc nó Chuinn | umad, a Aodh Í Dhomhnuill | fuil ríogh lér dhligheabhair dol `there is no noble connection whom thou owest to resemble,' TD 3 § 54. atáid uime ... ocht nglúine déug uaisle fithcheid ... ó Aodh go Niall Naoighiallach, TD ii 208 y . Turcuill, Íomhair, agus Amhláoimh | iomad, a laoich Locha Riach `belonging to your family,' SGS iv 66 § 28. da nairfinn an ttainig uime dúaslibh Ghaoidheal `were I to ennumerate all those connected with him of the nobles of the Gael,' Rel. Celt. ii 208.27 . do b'airrdheana dísle dhí | ón dá thaobh táinig uimpe, DDána 7 § 37. ríoghradh Éireann | umut ... | go Conn na gcuan | is an drong uadh go hÉireamhón, 114 § 27. In follg. exx. the sense has been transferred to the presence of the blood of one ancestor in a person: Duach mhac Briain do bheith umad, Aithd. D. 41 § 25. ní fhuil d'urradh ná d'airdrígh | d' fhine Chuinn dá gcuir leis-sean | gan tuinn dá fhuil uimei-sean, DDána 82 § 38.

(b) Of clothes considered as encircling the body, around, about, on: criss fírinne immib, Wb. 22d16 . snáthe nobíth himm chenn na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 . co n-étaigib ... impaib, MU² 774. do-bertatar étach ríg dó imbi, BDD² 158. cassla derga ... impu co lár, LU 2199. arit odor immi, 8520 (FB). asso argait imm a cosa, Anecd. i 61 § 90. bec in n-étach-sin immpu, PH 8195. do-chuir tú feoil ┐ lethar mar étach umam, 7457 . a lamanda ... ima lamaib, TTebe 2504 . cionnas tháinic tusa asteach ann so gan édach bainnse umad, Matthew xxii 12. éadaighe úra éadtroma do chur iompa, TSh. 6958. With gaibid puts on: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . gebid Cú Chulainn a threlam gaiscid immi, MU² 52. gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 352. gab etach ... umat, PH 453. do gab a dhā lāmhaind ... im a lāmhuibh, 1475 . Fig. gabhaidh nua-dhuine umaibh, TSh. 6949. ? To this: ecmaing nís ragbusa immum it happened that I had not taken it (i.e. a ring) about me, TBFr. 335.

(c) more definitely, at, by, along: conaccatar Coinculainn immon corthe `they saw Cú Chulainn at the pillar-stone,' RC iii 182.y . do thuit ma dhoras an gharrdha, Rel. Celt. ii 188.12 . mórchoínd[e] la Toirrdelbach ┐ la Tigernan im Sinaind `a great meeting held by T. and T. at the Shannon,' RC xviii 169.19 . docum na léna boi im bord na habund, RC vi 176.61 . trí meic Tuireann ... | tuitsead im Chnuc mac Miodhchaoin, DDána 64 § 27. a chnuic thoir re taoibh Ealla | ... | giodh 'mud bhruach do hoileadh inn, 64 § 1.

(d) along with, including: coiri cona lánlestrai thige airech im dabaig including a vat, Críth G. 339. humalestrai im chaire, 405 . ro gadatar na huili dúile aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi imna dá apstal déac, Trip.² 1368. corothroiscset maithe fer nErenn im mac nÓida Sláne ┐ im Fechine Fabair ... ┐ im sochaide archena so that the nobles of the men of Ireland including the son of Aed Slane, etc. fasted, Thes. ii 298.13 . ō thucus-[s]a trī laíchcenn ūait im chenn do chétmeic, Sc.M² § 12. dobretha Findabair ┐ cóeca ingen impi hi tech Con Culaind, LU 8837 (FB). Illand im[ma thūaith `with his tribe,' Hail Brigit § 22. co tísat im gaire | im Maire is im Michéol `together with Mary and Michael,' Ériu i 226 § 4. sē dēsa do imforcra | imum-sa fadēin `six pairs besides myself,' 39 § 7 . secht mna decc ruccus im Ceassair `including C.' (the context shows that there were sixteen others besides C.), Leb. Gab.(i) 12.18 . ro triall sechnóin Eireann ... ┐ a bheirt espoc uime `and his two bishops with him,' 86.25 . cella locha Eirne n-uile im chluain Eoais ┐ Daiminis, AU i 338.18 . secht righ Cruithne im Aed m-brec `including Aedh Brec,' 58.9 . aca innisi dho a mhēt do righuibh doghab righi Mhuman uime `in addition to him,' Caithr. CC 31 § 50 . is dá loch um loch nEachach ` besides ,' Content. iv § 30 . aitchim an dá dheagh-fháidh dhéag ... im Aindrias im Eóin nglan-ógh including, Dán Dé xxv 50 - 51 .

(e) After vbs. of motion, to, into, through, throughout (cf. fo): tangamur man caillidh-so `we came to this wood,' ZCP vi 65.14 . docuadhus man coillidh cetna gut' iaraid, 66.22 . dollotar na slúaig ... im ailib ┐ im airtraigib críchi Conaille, TBC-LL¹ 1544. docuadar in .l. ele as dibh man caillidh `the other fifty fled away throughout the wood,' Stair Erc. 2350.

(f) Of impact, collision (more usually fri), against, on: dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.2 co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all combo marb de, LU 8934 (FB). atraig súas īarsin contarlaic imma scín co m-búi triana druim suas, RC xiii 391.8 . commad im claideb dodoléced con n-abbad, RC xvi 414.27 . tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027. do léig Tómas an buille sin um lár agas um lántalamh, PCT 561.

II Of time. Of the approximate time of an occurrence, at, about: atconnarc ... aislingi immón samain innuraid `at Samuin last year,' LU 3331 (SC). macc Murchada ... do écc im ḟēil catrach fīona `on the feast of Catherine', ZCP viii 111.7 . cath iter Delbna ┐ Uu Maine im ḟéil Ciarain, RC xvii 377.21 . ní do denam dó im teirt `he has to do some duty at tierce,' Mon. Tall. 145.9 . cantir salm aurnaigti ... im espartan, 131.9 . im iarmergi indnocht `at nocturns to-night,' BColm. 68.14 . iomdha um nóin seabhac is sodh, Aithd. D. 5 § 13. um thráth nóna, TSh. 3800. im an uair sin, Études Celt. i 85.28 . budh lór d'adhḟuath mun n-amsa, TD 4 § 32.

III In abstract sense, concerning, as regards, in the matter of, on account of, for the sake of: immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . im dethidnea saeculi , 16b11 . im cech rét runecat les `in respect of everything that they need,' Ml. 57b4 . aní imradam-ni impu som di ulc `what evil we are meditating concerning them,' 93a5 . robói dosom imma thír `that he had for his land' (gl. magnitudinem desiderii), 62b9 . luid Sechnall iar tain du chuúrsagad Pátricc im charpat boie lais, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm). (mucc) tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe so that the slaughter of the men of Ireland would come about on account of it, Sc.M² § 5. Derdriu a hainm ocus biaid olc impe, IT i 69.24 . nach airm inda tochrathar im imṡéna `wherever they happen to be concerned about a conflict of evidence,' Críth G. 418. dul tria aitiri im ní dichuat fuiri `violating his suretyship in regard to a matter for which he is surety,' 306 . as í sin maigin digona in boaire um a setaib `this is the inviolable precinct of the boaire chief respecting his seds,' 226.13 . Aimirgen ... ruc in chétbreith im Themair, Ériu iv 136.20 . mād imdherccad dagmnā im drūis no im sēna a clainne, Cáin Ad. § 51. is í dias as dech fil i nÉrinn im les a tigerna `about attending to the needs of their lord,' BDD² 1220. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb ... co torchair a ētach ṅde ┐ nī forbai imo chnes did not wound him as to his skin, TBC-I¹ 1203. nemchomaitecht doib im caomclód praindi `not to indulge them with a change of diet,' Mon. Tall. 152.25 . do demniugud a n-irse imon esergi, PH 6686. ticfat aidhedha uaisle sunn aníu ┐ frithailid iat im biadh ┐ im fotraccadh, BNnÉ 18 § 36. ro croch tríchait im óenboin, ACL iii 304 § 3. is faillítheach bhíd na daoine ... um fhóirithin ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5021. iongnadh eagla ar an anmain | ma dhul as an ndrochadhbhaidh, Aithd. D. 80 § 40. is ar tí cumainn chairte | do bhí umainn adhlaicthe `He lay buried for our sake,' Dán Dé xxi 24. bac ar ghriangha um theachta as-teagh `a barrier to keep out the sunlight,' Studies 1920, 262 § 9 . do bhí an fhearthain iomuin-ne for our sake, DDána 39 § 21. do airg teagduis apstolicda San Sem ... uma leabhraibh `plundered of its books,' ITS xix 112.19 .

With the idea of purpose, with a view to: altram Néill im chomga cnes `the fostering of Niall to save his life,' Ériu iv 94.8 . fermaidni nemeli fri rig nime ... immo ar sáorad `we pour forth lamentation ... to gain our deliverance,' Mon. Tall. 127.9 . ar chaínbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi `as regards the fair arrangement of the feast,' MU² 211. ro coraidhid iarum ... cách ... im chosdud na fledhi `to celebrate the feast,' Ériu v 234.36 . ordughadh an ríogh leis um ginleirecht na harmaraile do bheth aige, Rel. Celt. ii 178.17 . an t-augdarrāss ro buī aigi ... um thoigheacht, Fl. Earls 258.16 .

In rel. construction with vb. about which, on account of which, concerning which: atfíadat ... do Úath aní má tudchatar día saigthin, LU 9011 (FB). cia fāth maradgoired isin pupullsa?, TBC-I¹ 2223. in fáth ima nderna peccad, PH 6456. cid ma ragad Condere `why should C. go,' Ériu i 114 § 3. cid imma ngabthar trebad, ZCP viii 112.22 . créd ma tucsabair orm faistine duib, TTebe 1316 . cidh um a faicim marbh thu? cidh um nach faghaim bas leat?, ITS xix 96.13 . ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn, DDána 101 § 20.

As pred. of copula: is ime aderar Glenn na mBodar ris, Comp. CC 86.2 . is uimme tuc Dia chucam thu, PH 509. is uime ro ordaigh Ercuil in cathair sin do dhenum, Stair Erc. 1628. is uime cheana rug Dia an daoir-bhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4.

With certain vbs. and vns.

(i) Of praying, entreating, asking: amal rotgádsa im anad in ephis, Wb. 27d19 . annongeiss cách imma chomalnad, 30b4 . amail tānigc Crīst co Martan dia fagh[d]e ima brat, BColm. 60.7 . ro-guidius he ima throcaire, PH 2786. ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt na fheoland, 6547 . ailthus Eogan imm essomon E. asks them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . do guidh í ... um creidim na hEclusa do comét, RC xix 378 § 255. rosgáid Ái ... im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ 'moa ainm fair, RC xv 469 § 69. an Trīnōit nemda do atach ┐ do etorguide ... um aon tuismedh amhāin cloinni dfagāil dó, Fl. Earls 222.18 .

(ii) Of fasting for : corothroiscset ... im húatigud na ndoine `they fasted ... to get the population reduced,' Thes. ii 298.16 . rotheiscset (rotroiscsit v.l.) imbi fri Dia, Mon. Tall. 157.18 . trosgcis Mocholmógc impu fair `M. fasted against him for it,' BColm. 92.13 . rofágaib Colmán troscud umpi seo `C. left [as an ordinance] that they should fast for it,' 88.13 . rothroiscset na Cristaide fria Dia ... im a fhurtacht, PH 7259. tredan tri laa co n-aidchi for in gCuimdid imo thodūscud dūib to fast for three days and nights to the Lord to have him awakened for you, ACL iii 3.30 .

(iii) Of granting, bestowing: ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267. ronír Brigit immon flaith, ZCP xi 109 § 17.

(iv) Of refusing, denying: coru díultai fri Pátraic imma fleid he refused to invite P. to his feast, Trip.² 2180. noco sénaim-si umat-sa sin, PH 3157. as iad ... nár ér mh'occlach ... im brat no im biadh, BNnÉ 266 § 234. nocot-érfaind imm óenní `I would not refuse thee aught,' Ériu iv 98.4 . eitchither iat im na mnáib `the women are refused them,' Metr. Dinds. iii 324.15 . ar sena féin imm ar n-deilb we ourselves being repudiated on account of our appearance, Mer. Uil. 9. gan duine d'éaradh um shéad ná um biadh, Keat. ii 5183. ro diult Ercuil iat uime sin, Stair Erc. 1876.

(v) Of wronging, violating: sarugad amais um a comairce `the violating of the protection of his hired soldier,' Laws iv 230.17 . mo ṡargud immontí thanic for m'óisam, TBC-LL¹ 1911. a cinaidh sáraigt[h]i Colmāin imon cimidh, BColm. 72.9 . is e in duine-si ro-t-saraig um Lazáir `it is he who robbed thee of Lazarus,' PH 3855. dorūacht cuca in chaillech ... roṡāraigh Bresal 'ma boin, ZCP vii 306.9 .

(vi) Of striving, urging, inciting, compelling: ní etaigthersu imma nisin `thou shalt not be emulous concerning it,' Ml. 56b31 . boí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9035 (FB). bai didu imchosnum ... im forba Echach eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.6 . gabais cách díb immarbáig a mmuin a céli im gabáil na n-én, LU 3245 (SC). cipe do-s-gní imresain im edpart dona deeb, PH 1116. ro-chomecnigestar lucht na cathrach im chomalliud timnai `he forced the citizens to obey a law,' 6531 . nach greisfider im dénum maithiusa, 4657 . ro ghreis Cirion a muindter im calma do denum, Stair Erc. 1573. comraicfit im óenbargin, Ériu i 132.64 . ro grendaig im cath hé `he challenged him to battle,' RC xviii 48.7 .

(vii) Of mocking, laughing at: tibit in macrad im sodain, LU 8845 (FB). ac fonamat imme `making mockery of him,' BColm. 92.15 . fáitbis tra in máthair imon córaid crodai, PH 6626. dorónsat fochuitbiud immun fadesin ┐ fo Troiánaib, TTr.² 304. do maidh a gean gáire for Coin Chulainn uime sin, Comp. CC 110.19 . lúathgair do chor immum-sa `to make rejoicing for me,' Ériu iv 128.17 .

(viii) Of teaching, instructing: ro-forcan Ísu a apstalu imna rúnib diadai, PH 3419. tanic do fhorcetul na n-apstal ima n-il-berlaib, 5446 . co forcanad hé im ord airnaigthi, ACL iii 10 § 8.

(ix) Of judging: fo-gella ... imm appeals to the judgment in the matter of: bertair do Themair ┐ fogellsat in ríg imbi, BDD² 212. fugeallsat immiu, ZCP vii 305.17 .

In distrib. sense with numbers, for equivalent of to in the Eng. idiom two to one: es da mnae im cech oen fer `two wives to every one man,' Todd Lect. iii 26.10 . ticc días im gach n-aoinḟer úaind, ZCP viii 219 § 18. tricha míle marcach in cech cath dibh ┐ di troighthech um cech marcach, Marco P. § 55.

Used with obj. after words expressing (a) emotion, feeling, (b) behaviour towards.

After words expressive

(i) Of desire, greed, jealousy, envy: mét inná imlainne robói dosom im Dia `strong craving (?) he had for God,' Ml. 62a2 . ar accubur ┐ saint immin domun, 69a6 . ar ét im chrabud `for zeal for devotion,' 36d24 . gabais ... saint an rí impi `the king desired her,' IT i 120.13 . ro gab mian ... imm ṡalond, 43.13 . rom-gab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . is cora frichnam immpe na fa anóir na colla, PH 7409. mor menmai ... imma curadmir `great is the eagerness for the champion's portion,' RC xiii 30.35 . rogab ailges ┐ accobur in righ ma fegad int soitig noemtha, D IV 2, 72va 8 . is é Ulcan tre ét umait-siu tuc forru cach col da ndernatis, TTebe 1064 . nocha denaim-se ... fich na formad um airdchendus na Greigi, 834 .

(ii) Of anger and its opposite towards: fích 'mon oirbiri d'aithris `fury at repeating the taunt,' Ériu iv 214 § 8. ocus in aininne mor bis ag neach im a cheli `the great anger which a man has towards his fellow,' v 24.14 . ba lonn ... in ingen imon sgel sin, RC vi 174.18 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime `though we were patient about it,' ACL iii 295 § 22. ba hainmnetach imma chommiledaib, RC ii 388 § 11.

(iii) Of affection and its opposite towards: nípat úarchraidech im chardiu | bat gusmar im naimtiu `be not cold-hearted towards friends, be stern towards enemies,' LU 3493 (SC). co raibhi ic báidhe imme `till he was fondling him,' Moling § 39. ba bádhach (bághach MS.) side im Laighniph `he was fond of the Leinsterman,' § 58 . ar méd a gradha ┐ a deithite uime `by reason of the great love and care he had for him,' BNnÉ 291 § 6. do beith gradach uman creidim cathoilica, RC xix 374 § 247. báidh im congnam re céile affection in the matter of mutual succour, O'Gr. Cat. 354.24. níptor córaigh mo a forba `they were not at peace about their possessions,' Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . nirbho sainsearcach im ó nDomhnoill, Hugh Roe 136.13 . mioscais uí Chonchobair im cenél cConoill, ib. 14 . mise go ndíoghrais uimpi | 's gan í go suilbhir umainn, Dánta Gr. 58.3 . minic nach buan críoch a cumainn | ní fríoth achd fuar umainn í, DDána 36 § 4. na bi-si súarach uime `be not ungracious to him,' Stair Erc. 2073.

(iv) Of fear, anxiety, sorrow for: ba leth ndogra immon coin, Sc.M² § 21j . mairg dorumalt a n-imned dorumaltsa custrathsa imma curadmir, LU 9133 (FB). bui sechran adbul ┐ buaidred ... accu ... imme-sin, PH 12. do gab ag tuirsi uime, ML² 293. ar bhfagail leoin ima righuibh, Lism. L. 3207.

(v) Of mercy: ba trocar im na hulib dóinib, PH 1662. déana truaighe umam, TSh. 4219.

IV In special constructions.

(a) Used idiomatically with the subst. vb.: tá ... imm is engaged in, concerned in, in doubt about: cid nombetha im etarceirt a messa im Dia `on what account shouldst thou be about disputing his judgment with God,' Wb. 4c24 . in ceist immá tú, LU 9208 (FB). cía thíastaís formna laech nErend uile is duitsiu dobérmaís remib aní imo mbethe, LU 8814 (FB). cotaispentar dó cach ní immbambí `everything about which he is engaged' Corm. 25 (s.v. imbas forosnai). baoi seom fechtus ann im aine `he was once engaged in fasting,' Ériu iv 120.12 . cid dochanus beith imme what avails it to be discussing it?, PH 5253. co fhoillsiged Dia doib in ní ima rabutar, 7189 .

(b) Used of person adversely affected by action (=dat. of disadvantage) more commonly expressed by ar: rebthair a étach immi, LU 8877 (FB). do lott a aithrige impe, Todd Lect. iii 66.3 . as mor domhillis umainn `you have spoilt much on us,' Ériu v 172.154 . intí romill immum in estrecht truagh `he that marred for me the poor pet,' Moling § 74. malartfaid do rígi ┐ do fhlaithus umat, PH 1390. co ro melachtnaigem ┐ co robuaidrem ┐ co rasgaoilem a dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431. conremesc (conromesc, v.l.) impu `he confused them,' 145 . coillsit tuatha D.D. ith ┐ blicht im maca Miled, D IV 2, 50rb31 . ro mharbh se mac maith umum `he slew a good son on me,' Caithr. CC 38 § 63 .

(c) In impers. const. with vbs. expressing violent uncontrolled action to indicate person affected by the action: nech lasnabi ciall ┐ immandaister gl. mentis incompotem, Ml. 50d2 . ro riastrad immi, LU 8397 (FB). día siabairther immi, 8810 (FB). do luath-lonnaigh im Conall triasa haithesgu sin, ZCP xiv 258.17 . Ercuil ... ro daisedh imbe, Stair Erc. 353.

(d) With vbs. in pass. impers. to express person affected by the action: ēgthir immum, Sc.M² § 10 (for other exx. of this const. see s.v. éigid RIA Dict. Fasc.II). ro gáiredh umpa, ML² 1677 . imdeargthar im Mhaol Mhuire, DDána 102 § 27.

V Used idiomatically with certain vbs., buailid ... imm meets: da mbúailtidhe impodh a ttermann Tighernaigh iad, Ériu v 74.23 . con-gaib ... imm keeps to, perseveres in: anni as a ttarabhairsi bladh ... congmaidh uime an gein mhairfidhe, RC xxix 112 § 8.

gaibid ... imm.

(i) puts on clothes , see supra I (f).

(ii) surrounds, troops around: cid immi gabtais Ulaid uile, TBC-LL¹ 120. coro gabsat immut uli, IT iii 498 § 10. gabsat im Dauid in slóg 'the multitude trooped round David' Ériu xx 120 § 3 .

(iii) seizes, attacks: in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, LU 8206 (FB). roghab in cerd in liathroit ... táinic in fer rosbuail ina diaidh; rogab in cerd uimpi, ZCP iv 240.10 .

ligid ... imm lies with: nolaigdis dá ingin ... immi cach n-aidchi, Fél. 40.16 . in mál maith 'ma laigdis mná, 54.2 . luigid ... imm swears by: luicchim-se um na duilib, Ériu iv 50.2 . tócbaid ... imm (with or without inf. pron.) rises: rothógaibh Suibhne uimi lasodhain `thereupon S. arose,' BS 114 § 57 . rostógaibh-siumh uime rempa tar gach muine, 124 § 64. tairmescaid x imm y prevents or hinders y from doing x: do thoirméscad umat fógnum do Dia, PH 7718. nir thoirmisg Fer D. sin iompasan F.D. did not prevent them from that, ZCP x 291.22 . no tairmisccedh impo daesccur-sluag ... do marbadh `he forbade them to kill the rabble,' CCath. 5994. no co fileat ic tairmisc na sligeadh coitcindi umunn `they are forbidding us the common roads,' 1270 . gur thoirmesc Ercuil impu é, Stair Erc. 2017. do focair fir n-aignaid ocus screbtra impe `for the truth of nature and scripture forbids her,' Laws v 430.24 . gan a fhulang dot chomarsain no dot chompanach drúis do denum da fhétair a bascad immpu, PH 7451. do-beir bréic (or another word of similar meaning) imm deceives, deludes: na taibred cách uáib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . dobertha bréc im nach meraige, LU 8806 (FB). cerbo mór trá a mmuinbech dorat im Loegaire dorat a da cutrummai im Conall Cernach, 8141 (FB). co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1462. inní dobeir bré[i]c umpo `the thing which deludes them,' CCath. 1689. is imaind féin doberum bréicc and-sin we deceive ourselves, PH 7945. dorad-sen brēg impe `practised guile upon her,' RC xv 437 § 45. diberthor muinbech im Fergus occum-sa `F. shall be cajoled by me,' RC xxi 316 § 38. doberthar tra múin impu co fessamar ... `let a trick be played on them,' RC xiii 444 § 24.

1 suide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 suide or dil.ie/39195
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sodain

io, iā a s n. sodain. Anaphoric pronoun this, that, the thing or person just mentioned . Almost invariably used with prepositions. Freq. in adverbial phrases.

I With prepositions. With A (AS): a n-Albain a suidiu to Scotland from there, RC xxiv 176.z .

With AMAIL: amail shodain in that case, therefore, then, so : amal sodin `then', Ml. 3a4 . sicut bis and amal sodin `in that case', 21c10 , 30b21 , 30d24 , 32d5 , 62c7 , Wb. 19c10 , 20 . amal shodain `in that case', Sg. 6a9 . amal sodain, Wb. 17b32 , Sg. 6b11 . mad amail sodain `if this be so', Laws ii 338.3 .

With AR: condegar lóg ar sodin (ref. to testimonium conscientiae nostrae, etc.), Wb. 14c11 . ar shodain, Sg. 30a7 . gidh bé don tslógh rabh 'na roghain | lór dá char ar sodhain síos `for that reason', Studies 1927, 436 § 2 . pl. is ar suidib gl. aliquos . . . quibus `it is to them', Ml. 21d6 . Wb. 28c12 . ríg domain iar tolaib | ro fírscáich ar suidib these have truly passed away (?) (iar, v.l.), Fél. Prol. 84 .

With CEN: cen sodain `besides', Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 15 .

With CO: arna dechsaitis co suide `to him', Ml. 42a6 . tíagait co suidi to her, TBFr. 398 (suidiu, MS.). etha co suidiu (i.e. Bodb), RC iii 345.7 (= suide, Aisl. Óeng. 50.5 ).

With DI: trimirucad di suidiu it was transferred from that, Ml. 2b17 . Wb. 8a5 . 22c7 . di sudiu, 26d8 . Hib. Min. 22 , 24 . Mon. Tall. 37 (142.2) . luid Fergus . . . forsin nimorchor . . . lil di saidiu (sudiu, LU) . . . Etarcomal, TBC-I¹ 1145 . dulluid di suidiu `he came thence', Ardm. 18a ( Thes. ii 240.14 ). bá lugaite a galarsom ón do suidiu on that account (where do s.¤ explains ón?), LU 10741 (TE). Note also (with orig. accus. neut.): cían lim-sa di shodain I cannot wait that long, TBC-LL¹ 882 . pl. imfolngar gním di suidib . . . iarna labrad (i.e. the words of the Lord), Ml. 31d10 . Wb. 3d28 . Hib. Min. 111 . Laws v 420.10 .

With DO: is do suidiu gl. ad quod, Ml. 18c8 . a n-imchomarc . . . fo[a]ccomla . . . frecrae . . . ṅdu suidiu, 30b10 . 74b1 . Wb. 6c4 . ní dethiden do suidiu act fognam uxori (i.e. qui autem cum uxore est), 10b10 . 12c46 . 21c17 . Sg. 197b17 . Laws iii 44.13 . cosnaib hulib dulib foammamaigter do suidi (sc. doínacht fem.), Ml. 26a8 . Note also: luid C. ┐ B. do soduin, IT i 137.20 (Eg.) = do chur cúarta, LU. pl. is du suidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, Ml. 31d12 . 34a23 - 24 , 69a23 . Wb. 13d17 . 21c15 . Hib. Min. 289 .

With ETER: itir suidiu, IT i 137.16 . eter sudiu, MU² 1001 .

With FO: dath firinne . . . ┐ gau . . . fo suidiu, Ml. 28c12 . fo shuidiu under this, Críth G. 230 . cid fo sodin nogabad duaid .i. foní fuantuic Pól, Ml. 35a9 . fo shod(a)in accordingly, so: síc disponitur fo sodin `in accordance therewith', Ml. 21c10 . 127d5 . Sg. 41b7 . 182b1 . at that, thereupon, then : dolluid E. immach fo sodain, LU 8242 ( FB 19 ). LU 5645 .

With FOR: ni liim for suide gl. nam ceterís ego dico, Wb. 10a1 . roboisi . . . forsuidiu co cend mbliadna `she was on that (ration) for a year', Mon. Tall. 60 (149.25) . cis lir fodlai for suidib? Críth G. 5 (following a list).

With FRI: rī Laigen līn ngraige | hi cētlud fri suidhe, ZCP viii 108.6 . meas fri sodain `meas (is construed) with it', Ml. 42b4 . rochīan limsa anad fri sodain to wait for that, TBC-I¹ 375 . aes cíuil . . . dia thalgud fri sodain for that purpose? in addition? (of Conchobar going asleep for the third part of the day), TBC-LL¹ 873 . etarscarad fri suidiu .i. fri genti, Wb. 9b19 . ní radat som fri sudib acht breic, Ml. 31a18 .

With I: in tain rombá issuidi (i.e. Thessalonica), Wb. 24b23 . i suidiu there (of a place), Ardm. 18a ( Thes. ii 240.17 ). a diis for foluch; imb i suidiu i treisi, Críth G. 118 . i suidi(u), i sodain here, in this case : hí suidiu `herein', Ml. 26c1 . 34d5 . Wb. 20a6 . is do digail teit hí suidi, Ml. 27c10 . 30a3 . 79b5 . nochomairleictea immargu doib indtan noteigdis i céin cena lústis (.i. ebtais) hi sudiu `however, when they went a long distance, in that case they were allowed to drink', Mon. Tall. 6 (129.22) . sena . . . leithfiach . . . a sodain, Laws iii 108.8 . Also of time then, on that occasion : in tan asrubartmar . . . asrubartmar hi suidi, Ml. 37a14 . is hi suidi .i. tempore gl. in quo, 72d4 . in tan conucbad in nél . . . migrabant . . . hi suidiu, 83a4 . in tan . . . hi suidiu, 129a2a . Wb. 12a3 . nirbo messa int usce hi suide do fulung neich quam lac hodie `at that time water was no worse for sustaining anyone than milk is today', Mon. Tall. 73 (157.29) . aimsir i suidiu isin luc tanaisi `then', Laws i 26.7 . pl. is hires as toisech hi suidib (i.e. faith and deeds), Ml. 14c6 . Wb. 15c11 . Sg. 189b4 .

With ÍAR after this, then : iar suidiu `after this', Ardm. 18a ( Thes. ii 240.15 ). Hy. v 27 ( Thes. ii 334 ). LU 8800 ( FB 60 ). Note also: íar su[i]dib, Críth G. 589 (of persons).

With IMM: alaili brat corcra . . . im sude the other wore a purple mantle, LU 3286 ( SCC 8 ). arit odor immi inar co foph a thona im sodain, LU 8520 ( FB 37 ). tibit in macrad im sodain on that account, LU 8846 ( FB 64 ).

With LA: donec transeat insideas fil la sude (Ebreus), Ml. 75a10 . 19d14 . Wb. 31b8 . Críth G. 387 . la sodain with that, thereupon, then : co mbrenfat ┐ co llofat la sodain, LU 8090 ( FB 6 ). ZCP iii 254.2 (sotain). Laws i 72.3 Comm . RC iii 178.9 , etc. pl. magthad la suidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . 8a11 . 9b17 . Laws v 412.1 . ní bí sainláa la suidib gl. alius iudicat omnem diem, Wb. 6b17 . 8a12 . 9c2 .

With ó: brethae ho suidiu mór du setaib do A. (i.e. from Saul), Ml. 52 ( Thes. i 164.16 ). Ml. 130b6 . Wb. 19c6 . Sg. 6b26 . 198a14 (o shuidi). Laws iv 186.3 . Fél. Prol. 122 . ó shuidiu, also óthá s.¤ , sodain from that out, from then on: aithgin o suidiu co cend secht mbliadun ndec, Laws ii 186.24 . cóic seóit ó suidiu anund, Ériu ii 204 § 23 . otha suidiu `from this out', Laws iv 220.11 . otha soduin, v 278.7 .

With OC: oc suidiu `therein', Ml. 19b11 . nin fortéitni in spirut oc suidiu in this matter, case, Wb. 4a27 . 26d17 . bid hoc suidiu co cenn mbliadna engaged in that task, RC iii 344.y . oc suide, Sc.M² 23 .

With RÉ: dia n-aithrib | rogdaibh reimibh | nach dia senaithribh re suidhibh before these, ACL iii 297 § 59 .

With TAR: roásaiset drissi . . . tar sodin (of the Septuagint), Ml. 2a6 . ni fuillend diri dar sodain, Laws ii 324.5 . mós tairchella ém súil tar sodain (Cú Chulainn referring to himself), LU 5654 (= TBC-I¹ 1177 ) = immonderca súil i sodain duit, TBC-LL¹ 1848 . breccán tar sodain annúas 'a rug in addition to that' Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 57 § 26 .

With TRE: is tri suide doárbas peccad (of the law of Moses), Wb. 3d21 . tre (tri) sod(a)in thereby, by that means : is ed inchoisecht tri sodin, Ml. 16c10 . 18c10 . 25d18 . 130b6 . Wb. 2c21 . 4a6 . 9b7 .

II In phrase ol shod(a)in (rarely ol shuide), used as relative with slightly adversative meaning and also in literal translations of Latin relative (see GOI pp. 301 - 2 ): combad de rogabthe in salmso, ol sodin nad fír ndoib `however in that they lie', Ml. 16a10 . asberat as laigiu . . . ol sodin as eres doib `which, however, is a heresy of theirs', 24d23 . ol sodin gl. quod, 28c4 . ol sodin nad choir `which is not right', 37a8 . 40a12 . ol sodin etirgénat `which they will experience' gl. quod experituri sunt omnes nocentes, 68c20 . 111b5 . 127d5 . ol sodain óin gl. quod solum, Sg. 41b1 . ol shodain as sainreth do neutur, 65a2 . 69a20 . olsodin immurgu nad recar les `which however is not needed', 198b6 . With non-neuter form: ol suide ndath gl. quem . . . colorem, Ml. 76a10 . ol shuide as rann insce la laitnori `because', Sg. 26b6 .

With ol says (see Ériu i 5 ): cid dathar sund? ol sude (sudiu, v.l.), Imr. Brain 47.21 . ol sude frisin drúid, Irish Texts i 2.y .

With compar.: ní moó suidiu a mbríg limm `not more than this I esteem them', Wb. 24a5 .

Prob. for 2 side in: ba mo suidiu a mbui cach cuit this was greater than any other portion, Irish Texts i 4 § 12 . oliscenn suidhi forro, ZCP viii 105.4 .

See 2 side, són, ón.

tol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tol or dil.ie/41316
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: toil, tuile, tuil, toil, toili, toil, tail, tol, tal, tal, tail, tail

n ā, f. a s. toil, Wb. 11b17a . 4c23 . g s. tuile, Wb. 30c11 . Ml. 53b12 . d s. tuil, Wb. 11b17 . Ml. 42a14 . 124c6 . toil, Wb. 19a17 . 22d5 . Later g s. toili, TTebe 1083 . In IGT Decl. toil, tail ā, f. IGT Decl. § 14 , tol u, m. § 95 , tal o, m. § 95 . tal feirinnsgne, tail a ainm iollraidh sin; tail baininnsge ar énogham ┐ ar éngháoidheilg re hainm iollraidh an fhocuil sin, p. 21.15 .

I

(a) will: t.¤ dæ do dénum, Wb. 15d11 . comalnatar toil daé, 20d2 . nibo in tain nombeid ar súil tantum dogneith toil far coimded, 27c9 . i tuil dée, 11b17 . móa léu sercc a tuile quam dei , 30c11 . ointu tuile dæ, Ml. 53b12 . denma tuile dæ, 47c13 . inna mmithule gl. malæ uoluntatis, 33d3 . rosoisset a toil hua thuil dæ, 124c6 . iarsin chaíntoil, Wb. 20d19 . is lestar fás is crann crín | nad déni thoil ind ríg thuas, Thes. ii 294.28 . mina dena t.¤ Dé, PH 4112 . is ferr dún trá trell dia thoil-seom | andá a guin-seom a spell of his service, Metr. Dinds. iv 102.26 . a Chríst, dorónam dothal (leg. do thal ?) | Fiadat finn rofinnadar, iii 448.107 . acht na rab toidecht a n-agaid a toili `provided there be no going against their will,' TTebe 1083 . gu ndeach mé san magh neamhdha | mas é tal mo Thígherna, IGT Decl. ex. 1709 . far léig mé toram dod thoil `seeing all Thy wishes I have neglected,' Dán Dé ix 8 . caor charad ar aontail iad, DDána 34.1 . cuir ... do thoil led labhra, 90.24 . co toil aici na nemlesughadh `he having a choice of not settling it,' Laws iii 204.4 Comm. as air tainic toil Grighoir Papa on him fell the choice of Pope Gregory, BCC 256 . a dtoil go léir do thabhairt dhóibh `leave them at full liberty,' Donlevy 338.14 . tug Dia ... don duine neart a thoile saoire `the power of his free will,' Corp. Astron. 60.z . aga raibhe fis tola a thighearna, Luke xii 7 . oir dá ndearna me so do dhruim thoile ... anadhaigh mo thoile, 1 Corinth. ix 17 . rann toile division by agreement (?), arbitrary division (?): roinn toile ní hí is ghnáthach | idir dís más dís bráthar | fa roinn críche is gnáithche tol | idir cúigear nó ceathrar, Content. vi 45 . do dhearbhadh ar roinn toile | do dhéanamh dhóibh ré roile | gach port i dtigdís i dtír | do ansad ann gan eissídh, 46 . na ranna ráidhe roimhe | ranna iad do réir toile | nior gairmeadh díobh romhad riamh | mar ainm ceirtleath nó ccirt-thrian, v 157 . ? guach toile, Laws ii 312.10 Comm.

(b) In phrase is t.¤ (do) is pleasing (to), is desired (by): nanní robu th.¤ do, Ml. 33a18 . ba t.¤ do Dubthach ... inní sin, Lat. Lives 71.12 . sēnfa-su ... t'erlabrai cu mba t.¤ ndoib cach a ráidfi, Irish Texts i 5.y . muna budh t.¤ d'Formorchaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 76.17 . mása th.¤ duit `if thou art willing,' Trip. 56.29 . da mad t.¤ duib, PH 20 . ropa t.¤ do Mártain sin, Lat. Lives 94.7 . taithmigit na cind na curu sein mani bet tola doib if they do not like them (?), Laws iv 54.18 Comm. noco toil sin `das will ich nicht,' TFerbe 795 . dream ba rothoil i n-iomrádh, Measgra D. 55.30 . With prep LA: go ma toil leat 'may it please thee', Carswell² 31.1012 .

(c) In phrase do-beir toil do consents to: tucatar uile a toil dó cuige sin, RC xix 258.x . nach iad Gaoidhil thug a dtol | re seilbh Éireann do Thuathal `that it was not the G. who consented to T.'s holding Eire,' Content. vi 100 . ar a tug sé féin a thoil `to which also [he] had himself assented,' O'Gr. Cat. 57.y . tugam t.¤ d'imrád Iso, 380.17 . an fhad rug a séan mar sin | a-dir an sgéal nach tug toil, PBocht 11a.9 . tugas mo th.¤ d'fheirg is d'uabhar, Dán Dé xii 6 . don ghalldacht ní thug a thoil | an alltacht rug do roghain, Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 4 . dia tucc toil tairsibh `which he preferred to them,' BNnÉ 4.22 . Also loves (cf. II (a)): cidbé ainder mná dobéra toil do'n fhior gráid, SG 47.31 . ní díol ceana an cholann mheabhlach | gidh mór an toil thugas dí, DDána 36.4 .

(d) In phrase airecc, tairecc tuile waiting on, pleasing, satisfying: ructha tra na techta ina imdai cuci-sium do airiuc thuile dōib `so that they might be satisfied,' Sc.M² § 2 . muc ┐ ag doberthea and ... .i. da airig tuile do chāch `so that all should get their share,' Ériu i 44.z . do denam a menman ┐ do airiuc thuile dó `to meet his desire,' ZCP iii 7.7 . dáig co nderntais oibnes menman ┐ oirecc tuli for rigaib ... mac n-Israel, PH 894 . ic airiuc thuile do oigidaib Buchit, RC xxv 36 § 16 = oc airfitiud in tṡlúaig, 32.2 (cf. ic tuil menman Buichit, RC xxv 36 § 16 ). ba sedh rob aines ┐ rob airecc tuile dóibh, AFM v 1864.8 . See also tairecc (b).

II

(a) goodwill, affection, love: fuair D. ... t.¤ ┐ dainghen an ríogh ar Ros `obtained the King's goodwill and confirmation of Ross,' Rel. Celt. ii 150.32 . toill a tt.¤ `win their regard,' Studies 1919, 439 § 8 . má atá do thal leam ... budh geall damh ré haithní é, 73 § 6. gibé rabh a rí chonaill | i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill | go mbé a chroidhe gá chrúdh sin | le rún toile dot thuigsin, 1921, 74 § 7 . ar mbeannacht do thaobh thoile | go cléirchibh Fhóid Iughoine `our blessing in all love,' 1920, 567 § 17 . mná is fir ag tál a dtoile | do ghrádh fir na hionmhoine, Arch. Hib. 98 § 1 . táinic dhínn do chora a crois | do bhrígh in tola thugais, IGT Decl. ex. 1666 . fada atáid gan toil a seathar | síol Adhaimh ..., DDána 26.34 . múr aolbhláth do thobhaigh toil, 68.13 . do fhuluing ... a ghuin iar dtabhairt a thoile, 31.18 . an duas le dtánaig mo th.¤ , Aithd. D. 96.12 . cúis ... do tharroing ár dtola oraibhse, O'Cl. Pref. i 14. do thairreng thoile an athar nemhdha orainn, Ó Héodhusa 91.6 . dar dtoilne i mbaoghal do bhaoi for love of us, Aithd. D. 64.40 . meisde an umhlacht fhuair 'n-a mhacaomh | meisde fós a bhfuair do thail, 25.8 . ní hiongnadh tabhairt tola | dóibh, A. Ó Dálaigh x 3. is tuar tala do thionnsgnadh, 4 . díol taile ... ar fhéaghain an ógh, xii 6 . atá an toil, a Mhuire mhór | 'na tuile thréin, Dánta Gr. 30.5 . fuaire id thoil ni thugas fós, 86.67 . na mná dhíobh ba díol tola | ní h-iad anosa is annsa, 6.3 . an lann chealgas a gcara | ní gann deargas daghthala `the blade which strikes a friend woundeth deeply kindly minds,' Ó Bruad. ii xvi § 2 . lúthmhar gcéine a clann taile `her own dear offspring,' Aithd. D. 50.21 . clann toile gan fáth ag óigh, 63.22 . uaisleacht ar ttoile `our beloved nobles,' Rel. Celt. ii 258.28 . ? an t-ollamh na adhaigh sin | fuair o righ fhreimhe Heoghain | (bos gécshoillseach nar char crodh) | tal dob eccoimseach d'ollamh, ZCP ii 352.14 .

(b) desire, appetite: romrir mo th.¤ cholnide, Wb. 3c8 . ho thuil mo chollni, 3d1 . ced torbe doib etarscarad etir fria tola et a pecthu, 13c5 . non cogitare tola et accobra in betha, 15d9 . temel inna t.¤ domunde, 21a8 . conda marb hó thoil cholno, 19a17 . docotar ... fri tola in betho, 29a8 . do traothad do tole ┐ do accobair `to subdue thy desires and propensions,' Mon. Tall. 152.27 . aos duanat foibdi a tolae, 149.4 . is and fofeiscren ind tol ┐ an accobar, 9 . sūilib tlāithib todēraib | do dīlgud mo thoil (: foir), Ériu ii 55 § 3 . bíad bís iar ndíbdud toile | corp Crīst la fuil maic Maire, 66 § 12. tola fanna feōgaide | freitech domnāin chē, 55 § 4. an tan sercas an tal ndomanda, ZCP iii 455.1 . tal ┐ oeti, ec ┐ sentai, 454.9 . ticfat luaichthi lasracha | ticfat toirne cen tola (: fola), SR 8038 . tabair dam dilgud mo thal | arit Fiadu fírthrocar, 7799 . dom imdegail ... ar tholaib ar thargabalaib ar pecdaib, YBL 327a18 . ni tódúscaither tola o bar corpaib tria choemna `es werden von euren Körpern durch Vergnügen keine Begierden erweckt,' Alex. 986 . intí ... imgaibes tola, 986 . lāntol menman | di cach maith, ACL iii 296 § 42 . saltrad for toil, 311 ix 2 . do thimorcain ┐ do dibad innti na t.¤ collaide, PH 3541 . troethaid (sic leg.) ┐ crochaid bar tola collaide, 2540 . t.¤ na gciontadh im chroidhe, Dán Dé xviii 10 . ba treisi t.¤ aicnidh `desire was stronger than character,' Ériu xii 164.11 (TE). toil na hoileamhna `dúil san oileamhain,' DDána 70.2 . dá oighidh féin fríoth a thail, Aithd. D. 66.7 . Hence pleasure : do gheibh teaghlach tighe an Ríogh ... | toil a gcluas is a gcroidhe | tuas i dtoigh na trócuire, Dán Dé v 34 . toil as a dtiocfa n-a n-éagmhais | d'Iath Oiligh ní fhuigheadh sé, Aithd. D. 28.19 .

(c) sexual desire, sexual intercourse: isi lanamandacht uil ataru, toil ocus genus ocus bangnim uaithisi dosom, Laws ii 350.5 Comm. ni tualuing toile nach ro-chollach, v 132.7 . .i. nocha cuimgech a toil ogh do tabuirt don mnai in ti im a mbi in cholond ro remar, 134.23 Comm. na hairne toile ocus in toil ḟeith, iii 354.17 Comm. āirne toile .i. magarrla, O'Dav. 159. connach fuair si díl a toili isin Eigipt uili, Études Celt. i 80.4 . rob ferr leis na ilimudd maithesa beth a denum a thoili fria, 25 . ag faghail a toile o na feruibh feramhla sin, 81.11 . nach faghait a toil acht ac mnáib a comchineoil féin, RC xxiv 380.13 . ac sirdenum a toile risin righain, Stair Erc. 53 . beris lais annsa leabaidh hí ┐ doní toil a menman ┐ a aigeanta ria, Imr. Brain 65.19 . tuc toil a menman ┐ a haigenta dhí an oidhche sin `he gave her the desire of her mind and her nature,' RC xxix 132 § 46 . bid dino mna mongbuidi isna huscib ... ┐ ... berid leo na firu fon usce ┐ fosreghad leo fon usce og a toil ferda conda marbsat and, IT ii2 105.1 . Uenerech bandei na toili, TTebe 760 . Hence t.¤ a chuirp semen virile: ro thuitt toil a chuirp uad, Fél.² lxxxix 21 = ni do thoil a chuirp, Fél. 134.44 .

III In phrases with various prepp.

(a) ar thoil according to the will of: combad ar thoil doine nopridchinn, Wb. 18c13 . ar toil Dé, Arch. Hib. i 100 § xix . ar a thol ó tá gach dúil | ní lá dhuinn dom chor ó chéim, DDána 38.22 acht go bhfuileise ar mo thol ós aird, Aithd. D. 19.4 . tangattar ... ar a toil fein spontaneously , AFM vi 2076.23 .

(b) as (a) thoil of set purpose: ro choill Oengus elgnaid gein | rosa rig Temrach asa thuil, Rawl. 84a28 . in rag ... | as mo thoil féin ar in sál ?, RC xiii 272.6 . rí dochoid fri crann crucha | as a thoil nir' athrucha, SR 7754 . geb as do thoil fen bás, PH 6631.

(c) do thoil

(i) by the will of, with the consent of: sain ní dia fognai cech luib | dosrósat Dia dia degthoil, SR 7278 . arsaid cach n-áth conid dia thuil targlaí, LU 8312 (FB). do thoil Dia `by God's will,' Études Celt. i 89.7 . guidhim thuas baincheann na mbanógh | fam breith isteach do thoil Dé, DDána 31.26 . ní ghabhaim mo chor i gcéim | dom thol féin anaim uaidh, 38.27 . do thoil a thrócuire `by consent of his mercy,' PBocht 20.14 . máthair Eoin an uair do shir | toirrcheas do thoil an Dhúilimh, Dán Dé xi 16 . ná bíodh 'na bhéim air ar n-obadh | dar ttail féin do hobadh inn, IGT Decl. ex. 693 . is annsin do thoghadur do thoil a chéile Domhnall ... do chur leis an airgead sin don Róimh, PCT 1457.

(ii) in subjection to: mé dá toil congbhaidh an cholann | foghlaidh mar soin oram í the body keeps me in subjection to itself, DDána 36.2 . bheith do thoil na colla criadh | do-ghéanadh Íosa d'aimhriar, Aithd. D. 69.17 . ocht mbliadhna déag ... | Éire tonnṡrothach dá thoil, Content. xxx 16 .

(iii) for the love of: treigther libh na leaptha clūimh | do th.¤ d'eachtra, Rel. Celt. ii 226.34 . ? ni bía tú do toil na córa | a crich meic Nesa ní as sía, Irish Texts ii 47 § 13.

(d) fo thoil according to the will of: a-niodh a Dhé ag tocht fad thol `submissive to thee,' Studies 1933, 139.3 . do dhealbh Dia fa a thoil an teaghsan | ni fhoil 's ní bhia easbhaidh ann, Dán Dé xxxi 2 . rí fa thoil biodhbhadh do bhaoi in the power of , Aithd. D. 63.28 .

(e) fri tuil, toil according to the will of: fria thuil, thoil, thala willingly: tuidecht fri toil dé, Wb. 4c23 . fri toil dée, 11b17a . cia rodelb fria thuil a ndath | cia rath for cach luib fo leith, SR 7875 . o dorala, rúathar ṅglé | frim' thala mac Iessé, 6014 . fri tala ind rig, rúathar mbras | domrala tria tinninas, 6187 . othá Dán, fri tola Dé | co clar broga Bersabé, 6623 . bidsom fria toil `it (heaven) will be at their pleasure,' Mon. Tall. 141.18 . eírgis Elcmaire is teit sair | mar theít techtair[e] ria thail, LL 208b39 . ní don tromdhacht tarraidh sibh | rith teangadh re toil n-aignidh, Content. xxiii 5.

(f) íar tola: bātar na dee iar tola | hic Ethlinn athair Loga `die Götter waren nach ihrem Wunsch bei E.,' ZCP xii 245 § 3.

(g) la toil willingly: cach gnīm dia te bad la cet, | na-ndenad la toil, ZCP vii 310 § 3 . m'ech iomchuir ag triall lé tal | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 .

(h) ó thoil with good will, willingly: bad ho thoil in fognam gl. cum bona voluntate seruientes, Wb. 22d5 . intí lasin n-accubur són in bethu ho thuil, Ml. 53c16 . ni fír-adrad hua thuil bís leu du dia, 42a14 . dar gcabhair táinig ó thoil, Aithd. D. 84.12 . gidh bé ar ngar i nglinn na ndeor | seol ó thal inn ar ar n-iul, Studies 1933, 140 § 8 . glacaidh chugaibh ó thoil mhaith an beag-thabhartas so, O'Cl. (pref.).

(i) tar thoil against the wish of: tar a thoil gé táid ag dul, Aithd. D. 68.38 . don tslógh thaghaidhe tar thol | mór an t-anoire a h-iomchar `despite themselves,' Féil. Mhic Néill 172 § 29 . tar thoil nDé, TSh. 2012.

Compd. ¤grád warm love: a Raghnaill a ríg in domnan | a ri da tabraim talgrad, Manners and Customs iii 339 n. 395 .

trócar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trócar or dil.ie/41977

 

Forms: trócair

adj o, ā, also trócair i (tróg + car) IGT Decl. § 116.

(a) merciful: in trocar gl. misericorditer, Ml. 51c20 . rop trocar rí nime dún, Lib. Hymn. 132.2 . tabair dam dilgud mothal, | arit Fiadu fírthrocar, SR 7800 . dia mba ... trocar fri cach trog, ACL iii 315.37 . is t.¤ , LU 1941 ( FA 1 ). bam t.¤ ┐ bam cendais fri bochtaib, PH 6105 . ronbea beatha trocor, ZCP xxi 290.1 . nir-bo trocair ... Tid do Menetus, TTebe 1027 . t.¤ thusa, Aithd. D. 97.33 .

(b) In Laws as subst. leniency (cf. trócaire (b)): mad troccar imorro, is dilsi a cota fen do, Laws iv 202.16 Comm. a tri trocur .i. dilsi in seth ... no dilsi inforbarta colla, no diablad ngnímruidh, i 280.10 Comm.

2 úar, úair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 úar, úair or dil.ie/42763
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: úair, úai, uá, húair, húair, hór, huare, uái, úara, húa, huaraib, uaire, uairib, uaire, óenúaire, óenúaire, úaire, úair, uair, uair, uair, uair, huaraib, indorsa, úair, ath-úair, húair, úair, húair, chētōir, uair, óenúair, n-óenúair, húair, óenúair, noenuair, oenuair, d[i]úair, uairib, d[i]uairib, uairib, úaraib, úar, úair, óir, úaire, óre, hóre, húa(i)re, huair

n (earlier ór) ā, f. (<Lat. hora) úair ab hora , Corm. Y 1281 . úai, IGT, Decl. § 14 . O.Ir. forms: n s. uá, Sg. 45b1 . n du. di húair , BCr. 31b2 . a du. di húair deac, 33b9 . g s. hór, Wb. 16b5 . huare, BCr. 25c1 . d s. uái, Wb. 16b5 . 25b16 . Ml. 82d9 . a p. úara, SR 226 , 7243 . g p. húa, Ml. 111a7 . d p. huaraib, Sg. 215a4 . Mid. Ir. n p. uaire, ITS xiv 76.11 ; 140y . d p. uairib, ITS xiv 138.8 ; 17 .

I

(a) an hour, the twenty-fourth part of day: cid do úair .i. cuit hóre `though it be for a season, that is, merely an hour' (gl. etsi ad horam), Wb. 16b5 . isna cumscaigthiu .i. húar du fodail són (gl. horarum momenta), Ml. 111a7 . teora cethramdin huare aequinocht indid mailliu a tuile ar cach óenlaithiu `three-quarters of an equinoctial hour,' BCr. 25c1 . arit di húair in signo, 31b2 . ni roig di húair deac, 33b9 . tricha lathi ... la dech n-úara ┐ lethuar, SR 226 . fri re n-uare, 2079 . boi occu fri re n-uari he, PH 808 . ro fhill G. gluine iarum fri re n-uaire, 1256 . fāsaidh an lā co sē hūairib dēg, ITS xiv 140.7 . is é is uair ann .i. cuid do na ceithre codchaibh fichead bhíos san lá nádúrtha, Corp. Astron. 14 § 9 . is é an lá nádúrtha spás ceithre n-uaire fichead thosuigheas ó éirghe don ghréin go h-éirghe dhí an ath-uair, 12 § 8 . fóiridh an clár so chum feasa na huaire i n-éirgheann an ghrian ┐ i luigheann sí, 20y . ranntar an aimsir ... i n-uairibh, 6.2 . an uair do chlog `the hour of the clock,' 38.2 . an uair do ló, 42 § 3 . an uair do oidhche, 38 § 2 . cá hu.¤ do ló no dh'oidhchi díscaeilter in doman, RC xxiv 382 § 21 . fios na n-uaire, Corp. Astron. 44 , 23 . go maireann ... mí i n-aghaidh na huaire `lasts a month for every hour' 158.4 . i gcás nach dtiocfadh chum uaire iomlán, 148.20 . Attrib. gen.: clog uaire `a time-piece,' Corp. Astron. 42 § 3 .

A canonical hour : nachar léices trátha ná huaire riam ann a chéile ón ló ro gabas grada form `never have I suffered the canonical hours to run (unobserved) the one into the other' SG 41.12 .

With qual. adj.: ú.¤ chanónta a canonical hour : ag so an modh adeir an Eaglais na huaire canónta, Corp. Astron. 14 § 9 . ú.¤ riachtanasach a necessary occasion 184 § 7 . ú.¤ ṡaothramail an hour of the working day (cf. Mid. Ir. lá saerda): do-ghní Eoin san 11 c. iomrádh ar na huairibh saotharamhla so, nuair adubhairt `erat quasi hora sexta' (Jo. xix 14 ), Corp. Astron. 14 § 9 . ú.¤ thoileamhail an optional occasion 184 § 7 . ú.¤ chorradh an hour over 148 § 14 .

(b) a time or occasion; point of time: robbí uár recar less dígbail ind ḟolaid `there may be a time when it is necessary to diminish the substance,' Sg. 45b1 . cid do úair `though it be for a season,' Wb. 16b5 . fó hūair congaib Macc caille | caille ōs chinn sanctBrigte, `in a lucky hour', Thes. ii 329.2 . fós húar mad mé foglésed, Ériu ii 63 § 1 . ro-chomfhoicsigestar in uair, PH 3070 . do dhruid a núair rinn, Matt xxvi 45 . cuimnig in uair na raibe árach agut fén ort, PH 7391 . do-chonnarc uair, nár bh'uathadh dhíbh-se, Keat. Poems 1475 . olc sén uare `evil was the luck of the hour,' PRIA xxx C ix 267 ( LL 275b16 ); see 1 sén. biaidh uair ... | 's budh onáir libh uaigh d'fhagháil `the time will come when,' Dán Dé vii 31 . ro boí úar damsa di sudiu my time for that is over , BDD 162 . mōr n-uair often Rosa Angl. 26.13 . gach linmairecht d'uairip aderthor aiffrenn as often as Fl. Earls 210.19 . With 1 gar (q.v.): bid gar úar ani sin that will not last long LU 3344 ( SCC 13 ). bid gar uar dosom ón `short will his time be' BDD 144 .

A point of time, occasion, in various phrases, the fit, proper time (for doing something): bídh u.¤ ag an impidhe, `there is always some best moment for a request' PBocht 14.38 . dénam áenta ... do ba ú.¤ máelta dar múid, IGT, Decl. ex. 679 . uch, do bud u.¤ a denma | gen cor smuain guth Gaillberla, Irish Texts ii 14.27 . ní hú.¤ dénmha dethbire | do sdúaigh É. in t-athbhuile, IGT, Decl. ex. 3 . ní hú.¤ mheisnighe, ex. 571 . nach ú.¤ aithrighthi aignidh, ex. 898 . Cf. mé ag anmhain ré huair, PBocht 5.49 . With do of pers.: do bhréagnaghadh ní hu.¤ d'ḟior, Ir. Monthly 1919, 284.8 ( DDána p. 229 ).

With defining gen. of occurrence, etc.: ra síacht Fer D. u.¤ baeguil ... far CoinC., TBC-LL¹ 3829 . co hu.¤ m'éca, PH 3821 . ú.¤ éitsechta indí nóebP., Trip.² 3081 . ro foillsiccedh do B. u.¤ eitsechta an crossain, BNnÉ 53 § 50 . in hú.¤ [ḟ]escuir, Trip.² 1420 . co hú.¤ fessa `till the hour for sleep,' Metr. Dinds. iv 2.3 . gi bé adearair u.¤ óla, TD 10.17 .

óenúaire is used in the sense of

adj (a) passing, momentary, transitory : aisling énuaire a passing dream , Mac Aingil 230 . Esp. in: fer, duine (pl. lucht) óenúaire a passing guest, sojourner, accidental visitor : súil ré fear éanuaire d'ḟaigsin | sreabh féaruaine taisgidh tú `a passing guest' TD 29.25 . taisgthear ... mar ní iongnadh | re haghaidh ḟir éanuaire 16.25 . cia san ghurt ... | nách lucht aonuaire d'Éirinn `visitors' 17.18 . do chuir daoine chugam féin go minic pecadh do cheiliodar ara sagartuibh porráisti, do bhrígh go rabhas um dhuine enuaire, ┐ nách roibhi súil aca mh'faicsin go bráth arís, Mac Aingil 246 . ní buidheach fear aonuaire | a nGort Innse G. riamh, Tribes of Irel. 40.7 .

adv (b) at once, sudden : oenmac mná ... | ba marb do bidc oenúaire ( 4 Reg. iv 20 ) SR 7170 . an tan tainig saighead ghealáin do nimh chuige go bhfuair bás obann, aonuaire dhe, Hy Fiach. 20.15 . atreset ... a bás la brafad n-oenúaire, LU 2519 . tinaid ┐ erchranaid fri prapud n-oenuaire (ad instar puncti) PH 6062 .

ed úaire

n (a) an hour's duration : feadh éanuaire an lásoin linn `as one hour in length did that day seem to us' TD 11.23

.

adv (b) more loosely, for a time, transitorily : in cu tic chucum fri head nuaire `on a passing visit' SG 57.2 . ní mhair maoin acht eadh uaire; | buaine a sheal daoibh ar ndáinne, L. Cl. A. B. 215.15.

Somet. úair is used to intensify a neg.: óclach d'E. ... cen ú.¤ n-omain, Metr. Dinds. iv 108.18 . trí maic ... Echach cen ú.¤ formait, 108.15 . ni thánic ú.¤ n-ómain no ecla dó riam, LL 20a24 . níor ghnáth leatsa ... imneadh aonuaire ar th'aigneadh, Ir. Monthly 1920, 541.19 ( DDána p. 208 ).

With various prepp.: is indí rombú foraithmitech side a taircitil beus cosin nuair rondchomallastar `till the time that He had fulfilled it,' Ml. 122d7 . cosin n-uair atbath Iosiaph, SR 3692 . cosin n-úair no ḟoad la C., IT i 71.10 . huand uair nundabertatar filistíndi (MS filistindai), ɔtanaic á frithissi, Ml. 82d9 . huand uair thall Noe a cheill de, SR 2557 . ond uair atbath Noe nar, 2681 . ond uáir thanic a amser, 4972 . ónd úair iarom oslaices hÉli in lebor, FA 33 . ond úair ro scáich dóib fíadach in t-slébe, IT i 74.1 . o'n uair tanic P. ... is-in cathraig, PH 1962 . o'nd uair ro-bam nóide, ar Iob, bam trócar ... fri bochtaib, 6105 . ón uair do gabus arm ar thús am láim, Comp. CC 95.23 . ón uair fár hiarradh thusa, TD 33.18 cf. 3.48 .

II Adverbial uses,

(a) without prep.; úair once, sometime in the past, formerly : ro bá u.¤ co haillemail `once I was joyful,' RC vi 186.8 (of poem). sometime, at sometime (fut.) : Oilech uasal fordergfa | u.¤ for Emain echtraife, LL 386b36 . occasionally, at times: ┐ ú.¤ ann aibidhit na ranna neimhe sin tortha, RC xxiv 379.1 .

uair ... uair now ... now; at one time ... at another time; sometimes, cf. Lat. modo ... modo: tobur Iacóp athriges dath ... u.¤ derg, u.¤ glas, u.¤ búaiderta ┐ u.¤ ele tiugh, Maund. 103 . da beidis na plaineid u.¤ budh luaithi u.¤ budh maille iat na ceili ┐ u.¤ ele na comnaighi, IT xiv 8.3 . da beidis tortha ... u.¤ and ar techt ┐ u.¤ ele gan enraed da techt dibh, 8.7 .

uair éicin sometime, once on a time (see éicin): ní mór dhíobh ... nách oide ... nó comhalta u.¤ éigin `sometime,' TD 2.20 . bheith fá chádhas ... mar do bhádhas u.¤ éigin, L. Cl. A. B., 69.108 . a fhios do thabhairt dó nach do réir oghuim do shíor chuirthear comhardadh, gé chuirthear ú.¤ éigin é, IGT, Introd. § 3 .

uair aile on another occasion, once : grian m'inntleachta ú.¤ oile `once' (metaph. of a friend), Studies 1918, 452 . Dia u.¤ oile | do chuaidh ó Mhoire ar mearughadh, PBocht 6.25 . mairg duit nar ḟéach u.¤ eile | ... sul gcuirtheá i gcás do chuntas, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 5 . fíor gur threabhsad u.¤ oile | ... na críocha soin, Content. xviii 60 . Cf. TD. 2.22 .

uair a time, any time, occasion; used after neg. with an intensive force : ní rabhadar riamh roimhe ... u.¤ budh neartmhoire iná anois, TD 26.28 . táinic L. roime do gabáil na hechraide ┐ nochan dechaidhsin riam u.¤ ba leisci leis dul dá ngabáil ná sin, Comp. CC 92.5 .

d p. huaraib=horis, interdum, sometimes : ní biat remsuidigthi friu huaraib, `sometimes there are no prepositions with them,' Sg. 215a5 . biit remsuidigthi huaraib cen briathra leo, ib. 6 . gnáth huaraib ar gressaib gal | glenaid luch inna línsam, Thes. ii 293.20 (Thurneysen reads this as a compd.: gnáth-uaraib, ZCP xi 308 ).

With cach, cech: cach uair is smacht whenever it is a case of `smacht' O'D. 1614 ( H 5.15, 13 ). gach úair da dtéighinn 'na theach, every time, whenever , L. Cl. A. B. 187.9 . gach u.¤ ro smuainedh si for na dubhailcibh, Études Celt. i 85.18 . gach u.¤ mhothócham guasacht, Ó Héodhusa 81y . gach u.¤ is féidir, Corp. Astron. 192 § 10 . gach u.¤ eile `at all other times,' TD 1.27 .

Cf. guidem frisin morchoimdid | in cech huair ar comráda ar soerad, SR 8310 . in cech huair formbia far ndail, 3511 .

In g s.: co mbered molt cech uare uadi do chairchaib mná D. `every time,' Thes. ii 336.43 . is sain dath ┐ écosc cacha húari tadbat fair, BDD 99 . is suairc immar glecait-siumh | tuile is aithbe co n-uaire, | imaseach do eccmaitt-siumh | sis is inís cech n-uaire, Anecd. ii 23 § 3 (of poem 3) . go dtí dhíot ar n-aithnighe | gach n-uaire d'éis ar dtuitme, Studies 1931, 437.14 . nó aní an ferg do-gríos a grúaidhe | no in derg bhíos gach n-úaire é ?, KMMisc. 172 § 21 .

Cf. armád cacha huaire dib bad marb ina maighin, Thr. Ir. Gl. 43 s.v. tamhlachta= cach ar ūair, Corm. Y 1233 . cach ar núair, LL 179b14 .

In phr. cach re, gach re (O.Ir. cech la) nuair alternately : gach ré núair, re sealuidheacht `by courses,' Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 363 ). cach rá n-úair trágid in pían díb, in n-úair aile tic thairsiu, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). gach re n-úair ar clíathaibh cáoirt[h]inn | tíachair do bhúain t'aínp[h]ill orm, IGT, Decl. ex. 407 .

With art. and demons. so, etc., sin equival. to adv. of time: indorsa ` now ,' Wb. 12c35 , 14d28 . cia an uairsi éisdeas re ar gcor? | léirsgrios na huaisle an t-adhbhor, L. Cl. A. B. 121.31 . gearr uaimsi ar saoghal mur soin; | baoghal an uairsi ar n-anmoin, 134.36 . malairt tar an uairsin ann | ag uaislibh raghuirt F., 170.131 . an uairsin is é tarla | fan gcuing ríogh gan ḟreasabhra, TD 8.3 .

in úair chóir in due time: smuain ar aithmhéala an u.¤ chóir, A. Ó Dálaigh xlii 6 .

in ath-úair again : tar éis teachta dí an ath-uair (sc. the moon), Corp. Astron. 10 § 6 . 'gá chrochadh innte an athuair, `thereafter,' Dán Dé xx 22 .

cía (cá) húair when ? (adv. interrog.): gá hu.¤ ṡaoile do ṡaoradh ?, TD 1. 28 . mar nach feas do stiúrthóir na luinge ... cá hu.¤ nó cá tráth theilgthear ... ar tráigh í, TSh. 734 . uch ! mo nuar ! cá hu.¤ do-chífead | 'san riocht chéadna an glé-bhrugh ... ?, Keat. Poems 1561 . má fhiafraighionn tú ca hu.¤ do gheibhdis an caileach ..., Rule of Tallaght § 5 .

gibé úair whenever : gibé ú.¤ aigeórthur air, L. Cl. A. B. 159.173 . gidh bé uáir fhásaid síad te, tiaghuid as, Job vi 17 .

once, twice , etc.: fa gnath aca cet[h]ar-leabhar an tshoisgeil do leughadh ... uair san mbliadhain, Rule of Tallaght 89b . u.¤ nó dhó, TD 40.23 . u.¤ nó dhó sa sechtmain once or twice a week , O'Gr. Cat. 271 x . fuasgluim é dhá u.¤ nó 'trí, TD 22.11 . an duine ba ghile ... trí huaire `the fairest thrice over,' O'Rah. iv 27 . deich núaire, Gen. xxxi 7 . morán duairibh ... tri huaire, ITS xvi 24 § 18 =tribus uicibus. naoi n-uaire, CF 376 Eg.

With the ordinals: nó an tú do mheall meise féin | an chéaduair, a chruth soiléir `before' TD 40.18 . connradh na gColla an chéaduair `the ancient contract of the Collas,' 24.41 . a cheud uair, ni briathra De iad ... in the first place , Luc. Fid. 350.11 (see also under (b) below). an dara (O.Ir. indala) huair again , Ir. Monthly 1921, 373 § 9 . Cf. Dán Dé xx 40 . do imthigh sé an dara húair, Matthew xxvi 42 . In the phr. in dara (O.Ir. indala) huair ... ind uair aile at one time ... at another : Ri dosrat ... | in dara hu.¤ ¤, blaith iar mblai, | ind u.¤ aile ainbthechae, SR 95 - 6 (sc. the winds). Rí rorádi co dána | fri Moíse taidbsiu a lama, | i[n] dara hu.¤ ¤ dí ba clam, | ind u.¤ aile ba gléglan, 3819 - 20 . an treas u.¤ `a third time,' TD 40.23 .

a (h)úair literally suā horā, vicissim=in turn : cech fochaid a hú.¤ `each tribulation in turn,' Ml. 39c31 . conna facaib cech rainn á hu.¤ cen mes, 114b16 . for cech lín a hú.¤ , 115a14 . cáich a uuair `every man's in turn,' Thes. ii 235.16 . is caich a hu.¤ an aros so, ZCP viii 312.3 . ō'trīmed cach cōicer a ū.¤ , Corm. Y 1084 . intan adrímed F. hua B. cech coiciur a hu.¤ de sluag L. maic N., Corm. Bodl. p. 38 (rincne). di cech lín ronalt a hú.¤ , Hail Brigit § 15 . a Brigit 'sa tír atchīu, | is cách a ú.¤ immudrá (MS immudrí) `on which each one in turn has moved about,' § 25 . ní ar amlessaib in tslúaig | tíagu cech fordul a hú.¤ , LU 4721 . namberad iarum cách a hu.¤ dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo, Ériu ii 222.24 . Cf. ar (h)u.¤ , ar n-u.¤ below.

For úa[i]re, óre when, since, because see under III below.

(b) with prep. : ar ú.¤ , (i)ar n-ú.¤ in turn: rodastroeth cech n-olc ar huair, SR 6553 . in rath deis cach rīg ar huair, Rawl. 122b53 (= dar éis chaich iar nu.¤ , LL 314b29 , Bruchst. § 132 ). iar cach n-áraim díb ar uair, SR 6825 . cāch ar ūair dīb, Corm. Y 1233 . im brāigid cach fir ar u.¤ dib, Ériu i 120 § 13 . as cech thír ar u.¤ , viii 70.94 . nombered iarum cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid leo, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . do bretha cách ar úair chuci, LU 10451 . is bith cáich ar úair immáredi siu, 9305 . is bith caich ar uair an bith so `this world is the world of everyone in turn,' AFM v 1804.2 . Cf. étarbae n-inderb n-indless etir cach ar uair, ar cach die in bithsa, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . no leicedh cech mell ar uair dibh uada, RC v 204 § 27 . luidhis ... gach leath ar u.¤ , Anecd. i 55 § 42 . dath fola cach ḟir ar úair, Metr. Dinds. iii 328.51 . a cend fo choim caich ar u.¤ , LL 273a20 . ac airim cach coicir ar n-ūair, Corm. Y 1084 . millfider ar n-aonta ar n-ūair, ZCP vii 302 § 3 . slemoin fri garǔ caich ar n-úair, 268 § 2 . iul ar Albain do fuairsem | ar nuair a hardaib Eirenn, O'Gr. Cat. 370.16 . do-chuaidh uile d'éug ar n-úair, KMMisc. 362 § 4 . Cf. 274 § 67 . ar nuair, LB 128a31 . 131b36 . ZCP x 415.17 . IGT, Decl. ex. 124 . TD 13.26 . Ir. Monthly 1928, 264.11 . Content. xxviii § 16 , § 19 , 47 . Dán Dé vii 2 .

iar n-ú.¤ later on : níor smuain réalta ṡluaigh ṡligigh | budh déanta iar n-uair d'ḟaoisidin `afterwards', TD 17.60 . bíaidh íar n-uair, ... | rí dhíbh féine ar chloinn na gColla `in due course,' SGS iv 142.19 . go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh an taobhochta, Studies 1932, 433.5 . Cf. O'Gr. Cat. 370 , cited above.

ar u.¤ at a (the) time (hour) of: Art mac Aodha ar uair áigh | ba leis críoch Uladh d'urláimh, L. Cl. A. B. 37.11 . is ar uair mishein ro tusmedh thú `in an unblessed hour,' Études Celt. i 79.28 . air uair a bháis, Donlevy 38 . dá neamh-chaomhna ar uair éigin, Ir. Monthly 1921, 329.26 ( DDána p. 304 ). Cf. i n-uair, below.

Co húair : loc damsa ón ... co hu.¤ chéin, ZCP viii 312.1 .

In fo chētōir `sub primā horā,' statim: fo chetóir ` at once ,' Ml. 76a11 ; 93c10 ; 106c12 . fochetoir, 31d10 ; 32a10 ; 32d6 ; 42c24 ; 53a8 ; 96c10 ; 97d17 . fuchetoir, 90d12 ; 107c8 . focetoir, 24b17 . a fhaisitiu amal doragbaither focetoir, Rule of Tallaght § 16 . ni fochetóir (MS nipo hetóir), Wb. 4c35 . Cf. i gcéadóir: Saorghus mhac Béic ... | ríoghthar le cách i gcéadóir, ` forthwith ' TD 32.40 . beir mo bheannacht agceudóir (: Móir) | go ceann toighe na T., L. Cl. A. B. 124.2 . díobh i gcéadóir cion na drúise, Dán Dé xxxi 34 .

i n-uair at a time, on an occasion : i n-u.¤ annuimh, Studies 1928, 451.13 . is fearr ... í iná i n-u.¤ eile `than at any other time,' Corp. Astron. 52 § 9 . in gach u.¤ bhus aonach `at all times when men assemble,' Ir. Monthly 1921, 289.11 ( DDána p. 326 ). With gen. often equivalent to a temporal clause at the time of, when : gabh a lé i n-u.¤ airce, L. Cl. A. B., 281.59 . mar réaltana i n-u.¤ oighridh `in time of frost,' TD 20.58 . i n-u.¤ altroim fhíoroinigh, L. Cl. A. B. 27z . i n-u.¤ a gcabhra i gcliathaibh, `when they are rallied in ranks of battle,' TD 10.6 . a n-ú.¤ dheaghla dhi `when she separates,' Studies 1918, 453.13 . i n-u.¤ éidtréine d'iomchar `in his hour of wretchedness,' TD 32.81 . mo dhíon i n-u.¤ mh'éigeantais, 15.40 . i n-u.¤ an fheicheamhnuis, L. Cl. A. B. 162.12 . i n-ú.¤ fhedhma, 261.95 . Ir. Monthly 1921, 329.23 ( DDána p. 304 ). i n-u.¤ leathranna an leinibh, TD 2.44 . i n-u.¤ obtha dh'ealadhuin, 31.10 . a n-ú.¤ ḟulachtaidh bfear bhFáil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1580 .

With def. article: san uair shólásda, L. Cl. A. B. 164.54 . a n-dorarṅgered o chéin | ... | ... | isindúairsi doroacht, at this time, now , SR 6364 .

isind óenúair , i n-óenúair at the same time, immediately : atcomlasom híc lasnahí dofuircifea bráth i mbethu et bebté et asséirset isind óinúair `in the same hour,' Wb. 25b16 . dorigni dé min is lúaith, | rochlaemchlai gne 'sind oenúair, SR 5412 . rodashicc isind oenhuair, 7636 . ro-híctha uli i n-oenuair ind-sin, PH 1594 . is e tra ro-hidpair míle edpairt do'n choimdid in-oen uair for altóir Dé, 3957 . ní gheibthea ór a rann uaid | acht an anam i naonuair `upon the very instant,' O'Gr. Cat. 578.31 . nocha i n-énuair amlaid sain | do chuir Dia i ndiaid in phecaid | imad cráidh ..., 467.13 . tabhruidh ní dhamhsa ar mo dhúain | a rí ┐ almsa a n-énúair, IGT, Decl. ex. 117 , Studies 1924, 570 . na trí tonna san taoibh thúaidh | guilid fa Art i n-eunúair, L. Cl. A. B. 263.154 . With cech: in met fordiṅgtis int sluaig | forbartais in cach oenhuair, SR 3680 .

frí húair at the hour (time) of: Ri dorat na deich plaga | forthu fri hu.¤ combaga, SR 3942 . fri hu.¤ mbáge, 5115 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, | tan nadbi fri huáir i fos | frithalmi in tsluaig i Pardos ?, 1199 . sacrafic do tabirt dond aos bís i llobrae fri huar mhbáis, Mon. Tall. § 56 . fri huair fergi, FDG 701 .

fri óenúair at the same time . cf. i noenuair , supra: rosdelb fri oenuair dia réir, SR 7864 . co tarmart tairbert int slúaig | fo thuinn talman fri oenhúair, 4124 . dia rohort ... fri óenhuair ... noi fichit mili ..., 7234 . ri rosaer ... na Ninuiandai fri oenhuair, 7386 . Cf. re héan-uair, Dán Dé xxxi 11 .

for oenuair at the same time : Ri dorimmart, ..., | i n-airc Noe f[o]r oenhuáir, | di neoch rothecht muir istir, | lanamain cach (leg. cacha) oenmil, SR 2502 .

d[i]úair sometimes : agus duair (v.l. uair) ann ceangailter na huisceadha millsi, ITS xiv 42.26 .

ar uairib at times : Rule of Tallaght § 7 ; § 15 . sliocht Ír bhós do bhídís sin | ós cionn Éireann ar uairibh, Content. xxx 9 . olc chuimhnighid ... a ró dísle ag díon gach ḟir do ṡíol an I. ar uairibh, ib. 2 . eidir ṡaorchlannaibh ṡíol Néill | do bhínn ar uairibh ainnséin `alternately,' TD 28.21 . ag roinn aoinleptha ar uairibh, L. Cl. A. B. 157.112 . ar úairip áirighthe `on particular occasions,' Fl. Earls 182.17 . sealuidheacht flaithis, eadhon, gach re mbliadha[i]n ag gach aon díobh ar uainibh (v.l. uairibh), Keat. i 222 .

d[i]uairib sometimes, at times : an uair thuiles an sruth sin doní mórán uilc dúairib ann, Maund. 188 .

i n-uairib aliquando, at times : ailiquando (.i. i nuairibh), IT iii 9 n. 6 . ni hi nuairib sercc De aice acht dogres `her love for God was not at times but always,' Thes. ii 332.23 (gl. on ūarach).

iar n-úaraib at times: ni bu iar núaraib nobíd ┐ tan œle nadbid serc Dé occi, Thes. ii 332.21 .

For: ónd ú.¤ , see above, I (b), end.

III úar, úair, óir; also úaire, óre (g s.) as subord. conj. introducing a causal clause= for, because, since (see Hertz ZCP xviii 121 ff. ; xix 240 ff. ) : huair dorochair Caïn ann | i ṅglinn Iosophath imgann, | ata fo choibchi chaire | cen toirthi, cen tarbaige, SR 2005 . huair dochuatar dar mo smacht | ... | dar dreich ṅdomuin, ... | dolecub tonngur ṅdilenn, 2425 . huair dorat in séire sáim | dia athair ... | ar huamun a bráthar dia brath | ni fitir cid dogenad, 2921 . Cf. 1353 , 1754 . Folld. by copula : ail dam ní d'athchomarc huait, | ... | uair is glandil dochial chain, 1207 . ni ragsa dó, ..., | huair im siniu hi tuistigud, 1848 . Caïn ibas dig dia fuil, | uair is mac diles Diabuil, 1964 . Cf. 4620 , 4816 . úar ní for fírduine rolaset a ngona, Thes. ii 343.43 . génait ┐ ní génaiter, úair is a síd dóib, BDD 84 (for further exx. see Wi. and PH Gl. ). nocotbia airmitiu glan, | úar na tabrai reir d'Adam, SR 848 . rogabussa huad innsain | ubull cosin ḟrithorgain, | huair ná fetar cia rét olcc | co facca mo bith lomnocht, 1335 . do chin huair nachatamar, | dogénat do clanna iar tain | dogres a cin d'imresain, 1406 . uair ná dernsam cuibdi ṅglé ... ronfáid ... cen buaid in-dochum n-Iffirn, 1853 . Cf. 1243 , 1579 , 2109 , 2597 , 3037 , 3190 .

In g s. hóre húa(i)re with same meaning as above; usually, but not always, followed by nasal. rel. (see Hertz, l.c.): hore is na naicci atái, Wb. 5b27 . hore is cuci rigmi, is ferr dún placere illi, 15c23 . hore am essaminse precepte as mo chuimriug is lia de creitfess, 23b7 . hóre ammi maicc lai et soilse na seichem na hí siu, 25c6 . is airi am cimbidse hore nopridchim in rúin sin, 27c22 . huare rombu imaircide do persin Moysi, Ml. 2b6 . huare nad robae ní do degnímaib leu, 15d9 . huare is hi tilchaib ardaib. nobitis adi, 14a9 . huare is hó athir arroét macc cumachtae, 17c7 . Cf. 18d18 . 20 . 23b7 . 10 . 24d9 . 25c5 . 29d5 . 35b19 . 21 . 55d11 . 13 . 19 . 56b15 . 50d7 . 59c10 . 74c20 . 91a21 . 93d14 . 21c3 , etc. Sg. 159a3 . huair, Wb. 2a18 . 19 . Cf. BDD (Y) 67 ; 70 ; 94 ; 108 ; 147 .

With def. art. as subord. conj. introducing a temporal clause: ind uair do-bert isa tech 'when she brought [it] into the house', Bethu Brigte 12 § 32 . ind úair theigtis as cech crích | sluaig secht nime 'mon ardríg, | cach anmanna corptha cain | doticed dochum n-Adaim, SR 1113 . ind uair dodechaid, ..., | ri croda clann n-Israhél, | ann dothaet Dauid, ..., | immach for sét co Saúl, 5961 . doig ... leis co mba duine, in uair dochuaid i n-Egipt for teiched fria nIruath, PH 4788 . in uair doberair luige, ce raib se i n-a fhír, 7324 . Cf. 7426 , 7431 , 7553 , 7570 , 7654 , 7663 , 7682 , 7724 , 7774 . in ūair tirmaiges sī 'sa geimriod, Corm. Y 242 . Without art.: uair iadhaid i n-uirthimcheall a n-ard-fhlatha, Ir. Monthly 1929, 333.38 ( DDána p. 382 ). folld. by copula and superl.: biaidh oirchill re haghaidh cháigh, | an uair is usa a bhfagháil `when easiest to obtain,' TD 31.18 . mairg an uair as calma an cneas | nach smuain leas an anma as, Dán Dé xxix 9 . roinn ar uainibh uair an lá | dá uairibh an uair as liú, an adhaigh an uair as mhó | raghaidh don ló uainn a fhiú, ix 27 . folld. by fa (imm): ro áil fort teithedh léd mac san Eighipt d'uaman Eróidis in uair fár ordaigh sé in macraid do marbad, Études Celt. i 83.24 . Somet. seems= if : robatar ica imrad ca ṡocra bad comaith doibseon fri a nanmain in nuair da rachtais i cend catha fri D. `should they take the lead in battle against the D.', Cog. 128.20 .