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airchra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchra or dil.ie/1759

Forms: -ae, urchra, orchra

O. Ir. -ae, io, n. Later f. urchra, orchra f. IGT Decl. § 3 . Vn. of ara-chrin

(a) act of perishing, hence decay, decline, deterioration: cen frescsin báis na hirchri, Wb. 3a14 . inda leu som nisroissed imned na erchrae do grés a soinmigi a cloinaib . . ., Ml. 39c34 . ? deaith doerchrau hi crichaib caincailb . . . .i. do ercrasait mo súile hi cáincrichaib mo chind, ZCP iii 224 § 12 . nir bo dímdach do Dia dein / manbad airc[h]ra dia aimsir (Adam) would not have been ungrateful to God but for being made subject to death, SR 1471 . a herchra ┐ a hélúd tria phecdaib . . . ón bethaid forordai (of the soul), LU 2688 ( RC xxv 250.3 ). flaithus cen hairchra (of heaven), Anecd. iii 69.10 . naími cen ais cen ercra, LU 2470 . betha can bas . . . can ircra, Cog. 172.5 . atá erchra for cach dúil, Ériu i 68.6 . gan orchra ar síodh nó ar sonas (in Heaven), Dán Dé xxv 35 . dober loss ┐ solad daibh arnach bid urcra `which will never fail', RC xvi 36.6 . mo chorp do theacht slán . . . as an neimhthní ┐ as an n-urchra-sa ina bhfuil anosa, Desid. 3189 . a ndul . . . for nefní ┐ a n-ercrai, PH 4271 . See airchor (a).

(b) failure, deficiency, want: amal bid isint (leg. isind) erchru gl. quasi in defectu profecto amicorum, Ml. 30d27 . cenod fil a n-erchre `though they are wanting' (of certain verbal forms), Sg. 193b7 . tre erchrae césta `through failure of the passive', 143a3 . tre erchra indí as esse gl. per ellipsin esse, 169b2 . tre erchra, 197b9 . nocho forbia . . . / a.¤ bíid no etaig, SR 4064 . do choid erchra i nar fin fein our own wine has run out, RC xlvi 236 § 8 . ní bhia urcra ar uisci isin tiprait-si, Lism. L. 2383 . ar oman a foxail airi ┐ a erchrai (of worldly wealth), Ériu vii 172.5 . urcra lathair decay of vigour, RC v 203.z . iar n-erchrai a m-bríg, Alex. 28 . freisligi foghair no ercro erlapra, Auraic. 4724 . irchra ruisc .i. caiche, O'Curry 72 ( H 3.18, p. 46 ). eclipse (of sun, etc.): earcra gréne a medon lái ┐ earcra essca 'sa miss cétna, RC xvii 362.10 (Tig.). orchra gréine for do ghnúis, Ériu viii 134 z . Legal in phrase smacht airchrai dala fine for failure to attend court at the appointed time (`Tarifbusse des Vereitelns des Termins'), Cóic Con. 14.17 cf. ZCP xv 259 , xvi 210 . smacht urcrai dala, O'Curry 2305 ( Eg. 88, 23(24)a ). in leth ingellus neach dul ┐ muna dech biaid smacht urcraidi dala and, Laws iii 330.3 Comm. lán smacht urcraide dala and, O'D. 1694 (H. 5.15, 31b).

(c) In vaguer sense downfall, ruin, defeat: co tí irchre fla[tho] román `until the fall of the Romans' realm shall come', Wb. 26a5 . trom leis . . . clanna na righ . . . do dibud ┐ do erchru triasa fotha sin, LL 407b25 . iar n-urchra a charad, BB 204b32 . nách roichfeadh iomarcaigh no urchra no tochradh a dtighearna tairsibh, ML 116.8 . mar scéith chosanta ar éigion orchra, Ó Bruad. i 196.17 . tug fás ar orchradhaibh slóigh / bás C. caused an increase in the misfortunes of the host, DDána 64.29 . tuile urcra, IGT Decl. ex. 100 . grief, affliction: ná tabhair d'orchra t'aire, Measgra D. 60.29 . méid m'orchra, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.6 .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

ar-coat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-coat or dil.ie/4025
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: airchót, erchoissi

v ( air-com-fed-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 515 ) prevents, hinders. Indic. pres. 3 s. nícon fil ní arachoat a n-argat nglan acht á techt i n-aicdi (gl. sed ita ut egresa est in opus effectumque ducetur) as there is nothing which hinders pure silver from passing into structure, Ml. 31d10 . Indic. impf. 3 s. arachoided gl. inpedientis, Ml. 83d2 . Subj. pres. 3 s. co arcói gl. ad nocendum, Ml. 46d11 . Subj. impf. pass. pl. ar na hercoi[s]tis dig `that they might not be injured by a drink', Blathm. 343 . Pret. pass. sg. ol nad n-airchós gl. nec . . . impeditum est, Ml. 97d1 . With refl. inf. pron. refrains from, delays (an action). Subj. impf. 3 s. arnach naurchoissed som friníi duronad nach aile `so that he might not be hindered at (i.e. by doing) anything which any other could do', Wb. 8a4 . Fut. 3 s. rofetar níimirchói nach géin libsi I know that I shall not be delayed with you any time, Wb. 7a11 . nim erchoisse guin na erri ucut killing...shall not delay me, LU 5964 ( TBC-I¹ 1497 ) = niba hedh fhuireoc[h]as sib guin na heliti, TBC St. 1863 .

Vn. airchót.

Part. n pl. erchoissi, Ml. 73c9 .

arnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arnach or dil.ie/4218

n = ernach: a.¤ caich dib a laim a ceili, Laws iv 76.4 Comm. islan a a.¤ do caithem, 6 Comm.

? árnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? árnach or dil.ie/4219

ind Osgar arnaidh (á.¤ MSS), Content. vi 128 .

cách

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cách or dil.ie/7529
Last Revised: 2019

pron. the one, each, everyone, all, etc. gen. cáich, later also cáig ( chách, Párl. na mB. 985 , 1038 v.l.). IGT Decl. § 64 . Takes sg. vb., in later lang. either sg. or pl. (see PH 1053 , 1426 , DDána, Aithd. D.). As antecedent of rel. clause often with prec. art. in. Note also: cith anidan ind c.¤ `though all (who bring it) be impure', Mon. Tall. 160.2 . don c[h]ach sin to each of those(?), Laws iv 196.22 Comm. Unstressed form cach (separate entry). See GOI 310 - 11 ; O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 351 .

(a) In general sense (the) one, each one, everyone, all, all others, the rest : do Duaid sech c.¤ , Ml. 36c11 . diglae for cach, 37c21 . hua ch.¤ , 56b45 . dibochtai chaich, 61a9 . dulogaid do ch.¤ `ye forgive everyone', 65a10 . it huaisliu c.¤ gl. transcendis, 108d2 . dénum maith fri c.¤ gl. operemur bonum ad omnes, Wb. 20c17 . precept do c.¤ gl. Grecis et Barbaris, sapientibus et insipientibus debitor sum, 1b8 . a n-imdibe adchi c.¤ , 2a2 . doberat maldact in for c.¤ , 2a23 . is dílmain la c.¤ ar n-orcun-ni, 4b23 . is sain dán cáich, 5d5 . nertad ch.¤ `let him encourage everyone', 5d11 . a n-as maith la c.¤ dénad gl. unusquisque, 6b18 . taiccéra c.¤ dará chen fessin gl. unusquisque nostrum, 6b28 . ícce caích tri iriss gl. dies salutis, 15d24 . ni fiad ch.¤ gl. seorsum his . . . , 18d8 . i taig ríg amal . . . i taig cáich, gl. in ceteris omnibus, 23b9 . condid diib ro gab c.¤ deissemrecht gl. omnibus credentibus, 24c14 . nad soiriu cach `is not nobler than anyone (else)', Sg. 161b10 . cáich auuair `every man's in turn', Thes. ii 235.15 . is cāich a hūair a n-āros so, ZCP viii 312.3 . sluind dó ri cāch brēthir, beir dó ri cāch brēthir, xi 80.22 . ma fri cinta caich fadesin gabur athgabail `of the person himself', Laws ii 100.8 . amra! amra! ol c.¤ they all said, TBFr. 290 . lí súla cáich, LU 8319 ( FB 23 ). ropo thír cāich ala n-úair it belonged to others, Hail Brigit 2 . i ndíaid cāich after everyone else, BColm. 94.28 . nach síoth broide cheanglaid c.¤ , DDána 3.9 . mór do ch.¤ do chuaidh, PBocht 5.41 `much of the world', notes. c.¤ `thy foes', Aithd. D. 20.23 . nachar scríobh neach oile do c.¤ `none of the others', Keat. iii 441 . gibē ele do ch.¤ `of the rest', RSClára 134b . ní fiú éin-ní c.¤ = nihil prosunt caetera, TSh. 9402 . fear mar chach an ordinary man, Luc. Fid. 5060 , Dánta Gr. 34.24 . fonn . . . a cc.¤ eile dhá mholadh to be fond of being praised by others, Desid. 765 . arnach dechsad fo cāch inro triallsat `that it might not get about', Grail 3356 . luid L. dano cumma cháich with the rest, Fing. R. 339 . a ccumma chaigh, Hugh Roe² 10.9 .

(b) In sequence cách . . . alaile the one . . . the other, one another, each other : c.¤ fri alaile gl. inuicem, Wb. 1c1 ; 5d15 , 21d12 , 22b9 . is ball c.¤ dialailiu gl. alter altirius, 5d4 . con rochra c.¤ alaile gl. in alterutrum, 6d1 . forcanad c.¤ alaile gl. loquentes uobismet ipsís in salmis, 22c8 . ó ch.¤ dialailiu, Críth G. 9 . cotnerig cach díb diaraili rose up against each other (of three warriors), LU 8993 ( FB 74 ). With céile: natiubrad c.¤ a chéle gl. inuicem, Wb. 9d20 . celebrais c.¤ dia-cheile díb, RC iii 180.5 .

(c) With follg. prep. DI, ó in partitive sense: ní tucai c.¤ dib belrae alaili gl. nulla gens, Ml. 42c7 . cach díb i ndiad alaili gl. ut semen eius continua successione regnaret, 42b5 . c.¤ díob, Mon. Tall. 132.14 . c.¤ úaib contra alium gl. inuicem, Wb. 25a34 . tuitfidh c.¤ uaibh you will all fall, DDána 10.2 . See cach I (d).

(d) With follg. emphasizing word: cach uile, LB 132b11 . re cach etir `with the rest', Cog. 168.13 . do fen . . . ┐ do chach archena, TTebe 1500 .

(e) With follg. rel. clause he (who) (see O'Brien, loc. cit., Bergin, OIPG 208 ) everyone (who), all (who) (the sg. and distributive senses cannot in all cases be distinguished with certainty): aineclann cháich as a aí of the owner (of a mill), Críth G. 240 . bennacht for cach ó tuctha on him who has given it, Vita Br. 27 . bennacht . . . for cach donancamar, Anecd. i 11.19 ( SCano 350 ). ba calma cach isa cend `valorous was he', Ériu v 244.205 . c.¤ thanic and (in cách, v.l.) he who is there, TBC-LL¹ 5290 . In sense of everyone, all : ó ch.¤ nád fil and gl. quicunque sunt fratres, Wb. 24b30 . sech c.¤ fodglein olchene `beyond all others who learn it', Ml. 37b12 . c.¤ rodgab `every one who has sung it', Thes. ii 349.8 (Hy. ii). do-bebae do-beba . . . cāch boī cāch bias, ZCP xi 85 § 37 . mairg c.¤ roda-ortsom, Fél. Prol. 57 .

(f) With preceding article in singular sense: ni thucci in c.¤ rod chluinethar he that hears it, Wb. 12c46 (see OIPG 208 ). in cāch dosfuc do bethu, Thes. ii 316.4 (Hy. ii). menmain (accus.) iond caich dia n-aisnedtar, Mon. Tall. 127.19 . in cach ferus na fuili he who inflicts, BCrólige 58 n.1 . cosin c.¤ no charim. Fél. Ep. 50 . fo bíth . . . in cháich o tudchad, LU 3431 ( SCC 20 ). mo-ngenar do'n chach do-s-gní, PH 8423 . gach cara . . . / loiteas an c.¤ nos carond `who injures his lover', O'Hara 1270 . croidheadha an cháich léghfeas, Desid. 120 . In sense of everyone, all : in c.¤ dobeir . . . frisin c.¤ diatabir `every one' (he who ?), Sg. 188a31 . in c.¤ gl. omnis . . . qui . . . , Ml. 43a1 . ní lat in c.¤ forsa mmitter, Wb. 6b22 everyone ? (perh. he who , Bergin, OIPG 208 ). tri hiris in cháich cretes, 2b11 . for in cach is rig `against every king', Laws iv 52.12 . dígde ind caich rocradis `to beseech pardon of everyone thou hast offended', Mon. Tall. 141.25 . Pl. sense seems intended in: is foirbthe in c.¤ diaro scribad et ni ecen acairigud ref. to omnibus sanctis, Wb. 23a10 . don chach frisambí immalde de aos sruith `in regard to such elderly people as live with him', Mon. Tall. 152.23 . ag díubhrugud in cháich boí annsa tor, Cóir Anm. 146 . So also: robtar foiltigh remibh an c.¤ baoi fora ccind, Hugh Roe² 50.9 .

(g) In phr. ar ch.¤ , a ch.¤ , sa ch.¤ in general, on the whole : truagh sa ch.¤ an comhorrtha `what a sad portent', O'Hara 1588 . ? aonrāith a gc.¤ do choigleas, Butler Poems 930 `of all dwellings the one I have chosen', Gloss. Usually with comparatives indicating successive increases in the quality denoted by the adj. (Engl. bigger and bigger, the bigger): trummu á peccad ar ch.¤ nachmod formberat `their sin is heavier and heavier as they increase', Ml. 71c1 . combat foirbthiu ar ch.¤ for ṅgnímae `more and more perfect', Wb. 13d29 . ní ba messu ar ch.¤ a ngné, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.56 . is ferr a chāch it is better than ever, Bruchst. i 62 § 141 . iss messa a cach ar cach ló, IT i 121.23 ( TE 7 Eg.). ní ba mó ach.¤ óṡeo immach ever greater, Metr. Dinds. iii 46.83 . ni bot scithæ acach at all, RC xii 82 § 80 . fuaire a ch.¤ a-taoi fám chionn ever colder. Dánta Gr. 86.8 . With omission in writing of unstressed a: iss assu 'ch.¤ lind, MacCongl. 103.18 . budh truime ch.¤ ar gcodladh, Dán Dé xvii 6 . núidhe ch.¤ , PBocht 1.38 . With sa: ní mo ní lugu sa chach hí it is neither bigger nor smaller, BB 262b19 . fa ferr sa c.¤ do bi sí an uair sin féin it grew better and better from that very time, ITS xvi 56.18 . teirce sa c.¤ mo charuid, KMMisc. 358.9 . móide sa c.¤ do chuntas, A. Ó Dálaigh xl 7 . nī lugha-sa-chāch nō `not less than', Fl. Earls 70.8 . ní lughaide-sa-chāch roimeglaighset `nevertheless', 30.31 .

? teccait āigid, fācboit ail, / saigit go glain nGāidil ngil / nocha chumai cāch is cách / dia ferta-sa an fāth, a fir, ZCP xii 292.10 .

clagairnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clagairnech or dil.ie/9313

n (-arnach ) f. (unlen. -g-) heavy, beating rain : an chlaguirneach thig d'urchar loitionn sí na guirt, Párl. na mB. 1187 . clagarnach dhonn go tromm a' túirlint, ZCP v 215 ( Midnight court 414 ). By extension, of music: clagarnach cheóil is ól gan caoimse, 218 ( 509 ).

3 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 dál or dil.ie/14346
Last Revised: 2013

n The forms below belong properly to 2 dál Ériu xxxi 146 . dáil .i. moille no cáirde; gan dáil immediately P. O'C. Wb. 13 b 13 : is gnáth inso dond óis glicc dolléicet forru in dáil ┐ fobenat iarum inna deud ...co mbi remib rethith iarum; 'they let the crowd catch up on them,' LOIG 266 . don cách is dail treisi (= anad treisi, 1. 3 ), Laws i 156. 4 . doberar dál treisi do, O'D. Supplem. atlathar dal, Laws ii 130. 19 . cach dail (n sg.) téchta, ib. 130. 20 . forlaim ndála, 130. 21 . baes inna mbretheman nád inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130. 17 . cid arnach for daluib dligid ata cetharslicht indiu, 130. 15 . ná bí ic hildálaib, SR 1698 . ellamh .i. a láim ┐ ní for dáil, Corm. Tr. 67 . cath can chardi dó can dáil, RC ii 90. 26 . nír bo chuman lass dal a daltai inna díaid, LU 60 b 23 . dobérthar dal di, IT i 145. 12 . óndiu cotí domnach ní ba dál bha sía, TBC-LL¹ 3103 . bid dál ḟota hí ní ba dál dar aiss, LL 307 a 10 . mairg dorat in dáil dorat, 307 b 19 . dobérad bó dó acht coro-leigad dail impi. Adbert in taitheach noleicfeadh dail, Anecd. i 46. 2 . tugthar dál go maidin don chime seo, Craos-d. 37. 4 f.b. Followed by cen: dál commatain cen crochad don tróg út, LB 214 b 64 . dál damsa cen mastúd, Bor. 49 . tabair dáil dam fadechtsa cen maimsiugud, PH 4886 . tabair dáil don eclais cena hingréim, ib. 4887 . (For na dála dédencha, ib. 6602 , see 2 dál IV.) issé ná tabrad dáil do neoch...gin agra fóchétóir, Cóir Anm. 88 . —COMPD. attáil, LL 147 a 53 . faddáil, TSh. 5405 . —Probably identical with 2 dál.

derchoíniud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derchoíniud or dil.ie/15598

Forms: dérchoíniud

u, m., vn. of do-rochoíni; also dérchoíniud, under influence of dér tear.

(a) despair, dejection: derchoiniud gl. desperatio, Ml. 89a6 . d.¤ . . . du remcaissin Dǽ, 90b19 , 91b10 . arnách róllca d.¤ lest despair swallow him up, Wb. 14d21 . dérchóiniud, 14d27 . deirchóintea derochóinet a n-ícc gl. diffidentiae, 21b1 . derchāined .i. dīcredim . . . im fagbāil fochraicce, Corm. Y 464 . do dercuiniud atbath, LU 249 . dul i ndérchained, LB 108a9 . na denaid derchained, PH 2307 .

(b) lamentation (the usual meaning in later instances, but some examples doubtful): ced inn ingen án aile . . . do chuma a sethar . . . ro marb duba is derchainud, LL 375a47 . i ngol ┐ i coí ┐ derchoiniud, 288b15 . mor ṅgol ┐ mairg ┐ ṅderchainte, Alex. 391 . déar-chaoineadh ┐ díosgadh fiacal, TSh. 6313 .

do-ruimnethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ruimnethar or dil.ie/18424
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: nacham-dermainte, diroimnim, doromenathar, dermanat, doromnat[h, ndermanadar, -dermana, ndermanammar-ni, doroimned, nicon-dermanad, dermanad, dundamroimnife-se, duroimnibetar, dermen, dermen, dermenma-ni, diromnaibter, dorromnaibter, doromait, dermat

v (* di-ro-muin-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 581 ) Ipv. 2 s. nacham-dermainte, Ml. 32d5 . Indic. pres. 1 s. diroimnim, O'Dav. 1421 . ? 3 s. doromenathar, Hib. Min. 473 . 3 pl. nos dermanat , Trip.² 906 . ? Impf. 3 s. doromnat[h, SR 4639 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arnach ndermanadar , Ml. 32d5 . -dermana, O'Dav. 546 . 1 pl. co ndermanammar-ni , Ml. 21c3 . Impf. 3 s. doroimned, Ml. 98d5 . nicon-dermanad, Mon. Tall. 161.19 . nocon dermanad , LL 123b20 . Fut. 2 s. dundamroimnife-se, Ml. 32d5 . 3 pl. duroimnibetar, 77a12 . Perf. 1 s. do-ruimēn, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . 3 s. ar doruimen Ecsi, Anecd. ii 50 § 12 , Ériu lix 130 . ním . . . dermen , O'Dav. 730 (in tmesis). dermen .i. dermat, 610 . 1 pl. ni dermenma-ni , Ml. 64a3 . Pass. fut. diromnaibter, LL 188c41 . dorromnaibter, b52 . Perf. doromait, Anecd. i 54 § 32 (= doromat). Vn. dermat. See dermataid.

Forgets: gl. obliviscor, Ml. 64a3 , 98d5 . cis fut dundamroimnife-se how long will thou forget me? 32d5 . duroimnibetar mo popuil-se a r-recht, 77a12 . ba meite cech cluas rodcuala co brath nocon dermanad, LL 123b20 (Niallguba Emire). diromnaibter littre, RC xxvi 44 ( LL 188c41 ). cid ind domnuch . . . nicon dermanad laisiom a pendaid and, Mon. Tall. 161 . forruim M. a bachaill for croíb. Nos dermanat and in mbachaill they forget (leave behind) the crozier, Trip.² 906 . doroma(i)t isan tegdhais it had been left in the house (?), Anecd. i 54 .

fo-ceird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ceird or dil.ie/22405
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: focertiti, fotcicher, nimchicher, -cuirethar, -la, focress, focreasa, fosci[u]rtsa, focheirt, fodosceirdi, foscerdi, foceirt, faceird, focheird, foceird, focertam, fuchertat, focherdat, focerdat, foscerdded, focherded, fochertitís, focerdaitis, fuscerdam, foncerddam, foceirr, foceirr, facherred, focher[r]ad, fochichur, —foíchur, -cichiur, focicherr, fotcicher, chiuchra, —foicher, focichret, foscichret, fasciugrat, fochichred, —foichred, fochart, focairt, fochartatár, fachartar, focertar, fochertar, fomcertor, focerddar, fucertar, focerdatar, fócerddetar, focherte, focertha, focicherthar, focichertar, —foic[h]ert[h]ar, fochichritar, focres, focress, fochress, focreas, focressa, rochres, rochress, do creasadh, bhacresa, facheirdset, —ar, focherdsat, fochertsat, —cuirethar, —cuiretar, cuirthe, cuire, cure, cuirid, —coirther, —corathar, —corad, —corastar, —corthe, —coirthi, —lá, láim, —raltais, —ral, —rol, —rolur, —ralór, laa, laa, —rala, láis, —rabhais, lam, —roláid, rrálat, rolat, lád, —roltis, róiltis, roláosa, rolaus, rodalláus, rollais, laa, ralasom, láeside, —ralae, corralai, láoi, rālastar, lasid, —ralsid, laset, —rolsat, —ralsat, —ralsatar, lafithir, cuirfithir, coraltar, —ralatar, coralta, rolaad, rollaad, rolathe, roláithea, —lathe, —latha, rolaitea, rosaralta, ralta, F., dofuarat

prototonic forms of this verb are found only in the fut. ( ni focertiti , CCath. 2830 is late, and phonetically irregular. Cf. fotcicher ... nimchicher, cited below, II (a)), in other tenses they are supplied by -cuirethar and -la; the —ro— forms are regularly from -lá both in pres. and past tenses. Cf. focress (.i. rolaad), Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . focreasa .i. rocurid, Lec. Gl. 87 .

Forms: A ind. pres. 1 s. fosci[u]rtsa, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 196 (< H 3.18, 75b ). 2 s. rel. focheirt (gl. seminas) Wb. 13c21 . fodosceirdi; foscerdi, LB 219a19 ; 26 . 3 s. foceirt, Wb. 32c11 . Trip.² 904 . faceird, Ml. 94c8 . focheird, LU 8848 . foceird, O'Mulc. 527 . 1 pl. focertam, Wb. 15b4 . 3 pl. (rel.) fuchertat, Ml. 93a25 . focherdat, LU 8848 . focerdat, O'Mulc. 527 . imperf. 3 s. foscerdded, Rawl. 113a1 . focherded LU 5005 . 3 pl. (rel.) fochertitís, LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ; focerdaitis Y). imperat. 1 pl. fuscerdam, Wb. 34a2 ( Ériu xi 136 ). foncerddam, LL 283a19 . subj. pres. 2 s. foceirr Wb. 13c24 . 3 s. foceirr, Laws v 320x . past 3 s. facherred Ml. 124b3 . focher[r]ad, Corm. Y 323 . fut. 1 s. fochichur LU 5761 (= —iur, TBC-I¹ 1290 ). —foíchur, LL 251b20 ( TBFr. § 24 ). -cichiur, BDC 112.138 . 3 s. focicherr, Ml. 87d6 . fotcicher, LL 147a22 . fo chiuchra , LU 4583 . —foicher, TBC-I¹ 706 (= —focher, LU 5184 ). 3 pl. focichret, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . LU 4462 . foscichret, LL 289b7 - 8 . Cf. fasciugrat, LL 119b26 (rhet.). sec. fut. 3 s. fochichred, LU 5291 . —foichred, 6822 ( BDD 38 ). pret. 1 s. fochart, LU 10987 . 3 s. focairt, TBC-I¹ 3656 . LU 3279 . Ériu ii 33.14 , 15 . 3 pl. fochartatár, LU 1735 ( RC ix 480 : Cf. fachartar, Ml. 64a10 ). Pass. pres. s. focertar, Thes. ii 249.10 . fochertar, LU 5018 (= focherddar, TBC-I¹ 529 . fomcertor, ZCP xv 301§4 . focerddar, Sg. 71a19 . fucertar Wb. 34a2 . pl. focerdatar, Ml. 96c11 . fócerddetar, TBC-LL¹ 6145 . imperf. s. focherte, LL 106b34 . subj. past s. focertha, BDD 85 D (focerta UY). fut. s. focicherthar, LU 7129 ( BDD 81 ). focichertar, IT ii 178.137 . —foic[h]ert[h]ar, ZCP xii 235.16 . pl. fochichritar, SR 8324 . pret. s. focres, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . focress, Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . LU 4618 . fochress, 7060 ( BDD 72 ; focreas Y). pl. focressa, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). The pret. pass. rochres, LL 77b19 ( TBC-LL¹ 2586 ), rochress, LU 6439 . do creasadh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . bhacresa, H 3.17 ; Eg. ( TBC-LL¹ p. 367 ) is by Windisch referred to this verb.

Analogical forms: pret. 3 pl. facheirdset, —ar, TBC-LL¹ 3630 . 3712 . focherdsat, TBC-LL¹ p. 895 n. 11 . fochertsat, Hugh Roe 166.12 (f. 44b) .

B From —cuirethar: ind. pres. 3 pl. —cuiretar, BCr. 32b11 . imperat. 2 s. cuirthe, Ml. 56c5 . cuire, BCr. 32c11 . LU 10821 . IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . cure, LU 4784 . LL 279b17 . 2 pl. cuirid, Wb. 27b11 . subj. pres. 2 s. —coirther, Wb. 10a21 . 3 s. —corathar, Ml. 68b9 . ZCP xi 84.32 (= coradar, LL 294a1 ). past 3 s. —corad, LU 4724 . Metr. Dinds. iv 132.17 . pret. 3 s. —corastar, Ml. 39a3 . LU 4919 . LL 117b34 . TBFr. § 20 . Pass. past subj. s. —corthe, LU 4762 (—coirthe, Eg., —coirthi Y).

C From —lá: ind. pres. 1 s. níro láim , LU 4774 . (?) imperf. pl. 3 —raltais, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . subj. pres. 1 s. —ral Wb. 7a4 . —rol, LL 251a39 . —rolur, LU 5225 . —ralór, 6875 . 3 s. ro laa , 4740 . mani laa , 4766 . —rala, Wb. 11b21 . Cf. coro láis , LU 1378 (a later -s- formation, like 2 sg. —rabhais ?). 1 pl. coro lam , LU 3781 . 2 pl. —roláid, LU 6874 . 3 pl. co rrálat , LU 6725 ( BDD 21 ; co rolat Y). past subj. 3 s. coro lád , LU 4616 . 3 pl. —roltis, TBC-I¹ 808 = róiltis, LU 5283 . ind. perf. 1 s. roláosa, 4791 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr., ii 499 , takes this as pres.). rolaus, LL 147a41 . rodalláus, 249b40 . 2 sg. rollais, 251b14 . 3 s. ro laa , Sg. 75a4 . ralasom, Tur. 80 . ro láeside , LU 2928 . —ralae, Ml. 90c17 . corralai, LL 260b14 . ro láoi , IGT, Introd. § 4 . rālastar (: at-āgastar `feared') ACC 56 Comm. 2 pl. ro lasid , Wb. 15d1 . —ralsid, 15a1 . 3 pl. ro laset , Thes. ii 343.43 . roláiset, LU 7032 . —rolsat, Ml. 16d2 . —ralsat, Rawl. 164a48 . —ralsatar, Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . Pass.: fut. lafithir, BDD 81 Eg ( RC xxii 179 n. 13 ; cf. cuirfithir ib. n. 14 ). pres. subj. s. coraltar, LL 269a16 . pl. —ralatar, Laws iv 206.14 . past s. coralta, ScM. § 5 (corolatha; co ro lathea v.l.). perf. ind. s. rolaad, Wb. 13d9 . Sg. 153b6 . rollaad, Ml. 29c1 (second a over line). 44d2 . YBL 212b39 . cor laud, LB 60b31 . pl. rolathe, Rawl. 73b31 . roláithea, Fél. Prol. 41 (—láithe, —lathe, —latha v.l.). rolaitea, Fél.² clvii 7 . Cf. rosaralta (= frisa ralta ?), Ériu viii 156.22 . Vn. 1 cor, q.v.

I

(a) sets, puts, places (with FOR, I N-, IMM, etc.): focertar ... it bois is laid on thy palm Thes. ii 249.10 . fuchertat a laim íarna cúl who put their hand behind their back Ml. 93a25 . focairt dī lāim ima bráigit embraces him ZCP viii 311.14 . foceirtt lamae fair lays hands upon him Mon. Tall. § 66 . ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona `inflicted their wounds' (ref. to: in fer fordacorsatar | goíta, Hy v 66 ), Thes. ii 343y . benaid ... a cethri cinnu díb ┐ focheird for ceth[e]ora benna na gabla, LU 4799 . focherd in láech ... lossa ┐ lubi íci ... i cnedaib ... Con C. applies 6341 . focherdat i ndabaig; ... in dabach aile in ro lád, 5201 . is aire sein rolathe na da mac for Tibir, Rawl. 73b31 . fodosceirdi ... it beolu na mírenda `these morsels thou must put in thy mouth' MacCongl. 97z . focheird cach fer a brat immáraile, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). focheird fáthi n-imbi, LU 5748 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co ro lasat faithe fiangaiscid impe, Anecd. ii 54 § 16 . dolluid nél solas imme co corustar a beolu for talmain , LB 146a19 . alterutro .i. ní alteroutro ... issechtar rolaa a dilledchi ní immedón `'tis outside he has put (exposuit) its declinability, not in the middle [i.e. not `altero utro'] Sg. 75a4 . ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `that He has put it' Tur. 80 (or does this belong to II? Cf. III). Iar mac N. ro láoi íarmbérla san nGaoidhilg, IGT, Introd. § 4 . ro láiset láma do, ┐ ron ergabsat, PH 3101 . Cf. frim gruad corcra ma chora | dom ruacht bochta fombera, Auraic. 5342 (`auch wenn ich Purpur auf meine Wange bringe' Thurn., ZCP xvii 292 ). F.¤ FOR AIRD displays, exhibits: na clesrada ... focheird Fer d. bar aird, TBC-LL¹ 3748 (= tuc St). 3757 (= cuiris a n-airde St). Cf. rolaiset na lama co lanard risna lannaib raised their hands aloft with the blades (?) Ériu viii 44.35 . plants, sows: mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr, Wb. 13c24 . conasrolaside (conid roláas v.l.; leg. condarolaside) isna hinadaib in robo dóig leis a nn-ás, Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ro-hairedh in mag ┐ rolaad sil cruithnechta ann, YBL 212b39 (= Ériu v 114 ). Of pitching (a tent), throwing up (a pile, mound), erecting, etc.: focress a phupall ... for Ailill, LU 4618 (= do A., TBC-LL¹ 390 ). focherdat a puiple icond áth sin, LU 5524 . do creasadh a phuball for an aird-rí, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . card ... fochertitis in tan ba n-orgain. carnd roláiset ... in tan sin they used to make a cairn ... (etc.) BDD 67 ( LU 7031 ). focherte a ḟert ┐ a lecht ┐ a lie, LL 106b34 ( Ériu iv 26 ). rolad a fert ┐ a llia la C., Ériu v 213.122 . tairsiu ... coraltar mo ḟertsa latt, LL 269a16 ( ZCP iii 3 ; coro altar, coro claidter v.l.). focres a fert ann, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . ro ladh a lia ┐ a lecht ... ar Muig Rein, Fen. 140.1 . tri liic ... Conall C. roda lā `placed them' Ériu viii 156.29 . cuma damh ... cibe focher trillsi treph raises wicker dwellings CS 610 = RC xvii 168 (Tig.), Bruchst. i § 90 (see trilis). For: rolād trā a gāir guba ┐ a ḟert ┐ a lia, Ériu i 120 § 13 , cf. (h).

(b) throws, casts, often of missiles: sís fucertar cech ingor suas fuscerdam ni, Wb. 34a2 . corralsat sis anchoram, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm. ) = co ro laiset sís a n-ingir, IT i 39 (< LB 82 marg. inf.). amal focerdatar saichtea for naimtea, Ml. 96c11 . focherd ... G. saigit forsin anmunna, PH 6304 . fochairt a chroísig forro, LU 3281 . fogabatside in n-id focheird [focheard TBC2] Cú C. ... Fír ol F. Cu C. rodla, 4732 ; 4741 . ní théssid secce conda rala nech úaib co n-áenláim, 4809 . bágais Cu C. ... fochichred cloich as a thábaill forru, 5291 . nochon ḟetur ... ní frisi corthe in t-id `I know not ... anything for which the withe should have been thrown' LU 4762 . fucaird L. liic talma dō `cast a sling-stone at him' RC xii 100 § 135 . fochartatár íarom bunsaig ... isa leth i mbátár na finna, LU 1736 . focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ina díaid, 5005 . cía focerta míach ... fora mulluch `though a sackful ... were flung on his crown' 6821 ( BDD 38 ). f¤ saile spits : fo-cresa saile (MS saili) ... i n-einech dúilemon 'the face of the Creator was spat upon', Blathm. 191 ​. focheird a saili forsin n-ailig = projecit Lat. Lives 57 . fochairt [a luathred] i n-alt in maro, LU 1725 . Cf. fo[ci]chiur (?) an īch issan sāile I will throw the salmon Anecd. i 73 § 207 (= nan-cuirer, v.l. ruscurius, RC x 88.11 ). ro láithea for bíastaib `they have been cast to wild beasts' Fél. Prol. 41 . With cognate acc., or advb.: fochichursa aurchor dait, LU 5761 . tuc som a láim fon deil cliss dó ┐ focheird rout n-urchair úad TBC-LL¹ 1270 . focairt imroll missed his aim LU 3279 . ni focertiti imroll les, CCath. 2830 . F.¤ IMMUDU, IMMACH throws away, loses: is cor roda lláus immudu it is a cast wherewith I cast it away, i.e. I have lost it TBFr. § 13 . fon-rollassat immach a lloeg they lost her calf Irish Texts i 7 § 24 . frithe ... sleibe, da trian do fir fodngaib ┐ aentrian ... do neoch foceirr amach, Laws v 320x . F.¤ CRANNCHOR (CRANN), F.¤ AR C. casts lots: rollaad crannchur foir, Ml. 29c1 . focres crandchor forro dús cía díb lasa ragtha i tossoch, LU 6879 ( BDD 47 ; —creasa Y). co rolaset chrandchor inter se, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm = co ro laiset sortem, LB 82 marg. inf.). roláiset cranncur cia dib dia roised in flaithius ar tus, D IV 2, 77 [71]rb10 . focerdar crann eturru dus cia de beres ..., Laws iv 172.9 . focerdat crann iman agh mbeo dus ci ..., 102.11 . co rolaa ar crandchar and cia dia teccema a coimet, YBL 156a23 . See crann and crannchor. Cf. berar mucc ┐ ag ... dóib, ┐ apar friu a mmunter féin da n-irgnam dóib. foscichret i crandchor, RC xiii 444w ( LL 289b8 ).

(c) casts down, overthrows: dobeirsi dí láim friu ... conda ral[a] fón ṅglend pitched them into the valley LL 279b20 ( SG 414 ). Cf. doriacht Cethern ... acus focress in dunad ┐ in longphort foraib ┐ noṅgonand cach imme, TBC-LL¹ 4261 (= fosnobairside iarum tresin dūnad ┐ gontaiseom sochaidi, TBC-I¹ 2761 ). F. TAR CEND upsets, prostrates: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . atnagat a ṅgol ... co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. § 20 . ro láiset ... a tech tar a cend, LU 1507 ( MU² 1003 ). Cf. fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (= RC viii 62 ). Cf. II for constr. Fig. is e ro lá dar cend ar forcetulne PH 1686 .

(d) F.¤ A, DE throws off, expels; drops, sheds: rolaad cech alt as a choir dam (gl. totus resolutus sum a campage membrorum) Ml. 44d2 . amal foceirt nech a aetach de Wb. 32c11 . foceirt a chocal de throws off his cowl Trip.² 904 . focertam fíal diínn, Wb. 15b4 . cuirid díib in nere se (gl. deponite ... de) 27b11 . (of a bull:) fochéird de na tri .l. mac nobitís oc cluchiu fair, LU 5330 . .xx. fer focherd de expelled 5819 . foceird a athair mac ingor a horba (.i. ada cuirid ... as in fearand), Laws iii 52.17 . faceird dia aicniud drives him from his nature (gl. perturbat) Ml. 94c8 . focicher don nirt i ttá `will hurl him from the power in which he is' BNnÉ 307 § 29 . is and roláset na bae a n-adarca díb LL 166a18 (= oralsat, BB 408a44 . con rallsat, Dinds. 123 ). cor lasat a n-adarca `till they cast their horns' Dinds. 16 . (cf. and sin ro chuirset na búair a mbenda, Metr. Dinds. iv 224 ). See also (e). is and rola C. in cennidi dia chinn, ScM. 15 . do láoi don chróisigh a ceann | gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT, Decl. ex. 577 . F.¤ TAR: focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull ploughing up the earth with its hooves) TBC-LL¹ 1490 . Similarly: fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu 6145 .

(e) puts forth, emits, sends out: focertar fíadain leó are sent with them LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). na rre ... focerdat in bech saithe `when the bees send out a swarm' Laws iv 172.13 (glossed: i cuirid beich ... uaithib). focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta ina ndéoidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254z . do neoch fo-cheard doman de `all that earth brings forth' Ir. Review 1912, 248 . an dā each ... rolasett fa sech ri sliab, BColm. 90.4 . rolaad gairm escaire for naomaib hErenn `a call was made on' 54.21 . cuire huait, BCr. 32c11 (gl. tolle opp. to adde). Cf. di[a]ndrala huait CXVIII dofuarat latt ... (gl. tolle Kalendas, remanent CXX) Bvi 74 (`subjektlos,' hence 3 s., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 499 ). gur láoi ioth, KMMisc. 168 § 5 .

Cf. focress di grán, mass a méin (om. comma and render: its ore was sent from a goodly grain ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 120.16 .

(f) launches (a boat): rolaisead a curach for muir, RC xxvi 136 § 8 . Cf. focerd a luing ... sech Eirinn soir `steered his vessel' Lism. L. 252 .

(g) In various figurative senses corresponding to above: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅDé diib did not cast off the power of God Ml. 16d2 . focertar side ... hi selbad ind fir sin `is thrown into the possession of' 30c3 . i n-oena focerddar ┐ dofuasailgther cach áram (gl. omnes numeri ex [singulari] componuntur) Sg. 71a19 . is illeith Duid ... focert a n-ugturras refers (ascribes) their authorship to D. Hib. Min. 4. 131 . nach breth dobeirthe co Conn, foscerdded Conn cucisum, Caratnia § 1 . ro lá gach oman de, Leb. Gab.(i) i 198y . cach eccomnart ... romfarraid ... ro laas dīm fom cumhang, BNnÉ 301.2 . raráid A. ná curfed P. de in n-athis ... coro ralad tria chath ... do denam fri Grécu, LL 228a34 ( TTr. 818 ). in feil bis for luan focertar for mairt the feast ... is transferred to Tuesday LB 9b46 ( Rule of Tallaght § 10 ). o atraracht Crist a bás rolaad in cháisc iarom for dómnach was transferred to Sunday KMMisc. 146.5 . abbair fris, ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 . foncerddam il-leth ar Tigernai let us entrust ourselves to our Lord LL 283a19 . Lism. L. viii . nícon béosa fot chumachta-su bas ire diandum roib forsa rol mo greis, TBFr. § 22 (`if I have anyone under whose protection I may put myself' Ériu xi 94 ). Cf. forollat for do greiss that have come [? put themselves ?] under thy protection Ériu viii 173.18 . See Mary Byrne, Ériu xi 94 ff . rolāsett each an dru[i]th ... for greis in aesa imthruimm, BColm. 90.5 . Cf. rotog ... gach dechnebar dib a menmarc do naemuib E., ┐ rolaiset fora muinteras ... ┐ rolaiset forro ainecrus a n-indtige ┐ a n-imtechta co toirsitis E., Lism. L. 2073 . do neoch doraega ┐ ro laí ina muinteras, LU 1393 (cf. II below). rolaite for coindmed cach naidchi they were quartered out every night YBL 209b46 ( Ériu v 236 ). focerd a n-oman cach tuaith `it casts every tribe into dread' Fianaig. 12 § 19 . ma cuaird focheird a toimsi it is measured by the circumference SR 169 = ima cuairt ... focert a tomus, Laws i 28.25 . rolasid súil torunn you have taken our measure Wb. 15d1 . 15a1 . ní ro láim súil toraib isind fid `I cannot cast my eye over them' (i.e. cannot see them all together) LU 4774 . tíagait ... co rolsat súil tairsiu ┐ ba dírim leó in slúag, 3782 ( SCC 35 ). Cf. o ralathur suil dar cach, Ériu ii 229 § 8 . focheird airdmius forsin lorg makes an estimate of LU 4788 . roláosa ... fomus forsa nī sin, 4791 . Mael S. ... focheird síth ima sen-mag `spreads peace' Metr. Dinds. i 44 . With DO of person: offers, grants (to): cid dam focerdta roga | nogegainn mo choimthoga if I were given my choice ZCP vi 267 § 11 . focres rogu do Mug Ruith do thírib Muman viii 314.19 . ro lád roga dóib, LU 8720 ( FB 54 ). With FOR of pers. lays, imposes (on); bestows (on): rolā cāin forsna clanna, Hy i 52 ( Thes. ii 306 ). cáin Patraic ... fucres for cach claind, Trip. 214.1 (2518) . turfochruic flathu foceird for doim `which he grants to an indigent person' (one of the seven bestowals not recoverable by distraint) Laws v 264.16 . rolá bricht forru cast a spell over them Metr. Dinds. iii 388.27 . F.¤ COMAIRLI takes counsel; plans: focres comairli ic lucht na cathrach cidh dogentais, CCath. 920 . focressá comairle léo cinnus dogendais ..., 130 . Cf. focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti comraid ac macaib S. Ériu viii 56.9 . F.¤ COR, CUAIRT turns, twists, makes a stir; goes round; visits; searches: nocon foicher cor dia chind riut will not turn his head towards thee TBC-I¹ 706 (= focher, LU 5184 ). na curid cor díb do not stir LL 259b20 ( IT i 67 ). focheird C. cor n-íach n-eirred de, LU 9119 ( FB 87 ). focerd Fergus cor conidralai for tech mbecc, IT i 144.4 (= do lá F. cuairt, ZCP v 501 . Cf. luid C. ┐ B. du chur cúarta fofúaratár óentech, LU 10579 ). focherd a suilchor issin tig casts a glance ib. IT i 144.16 (= foceird luathchor dá sūil isin tigh, ZCP v 501 ). oral cúairt fuiribsi that I may visit you Wb. 7a4 . asbert M. ... ar a n-indled a noi carpti dí coro lád cor isin dúnud, LU 4616 . regmai coro lam cor imón slúag, 3781 . ro lá curu in gaeth ... im Inber ..., Otia ii 82 . coro lá cor immán rigthech, LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). luid ... corralai cor imma techsom, LL 260b14 ( IT i 74 ). fochichret cuaird in domuin will go round SR 8088 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, 1198 . rolá cúairt hÉrend fo thrí `he made the circuit of Erin thrice' Metr. Dinds. i 16.30 . Cf. fochress cach cúaird imm alaile don díbeirg fri éitsecht in scéoil arranged themselves in concentric circles LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). See 1 cor, 1 cúairt. focheird cor tra do menmannaib araile cid foruair, etc., the minds of some are exercised by the question, what caused LB 212a66 ( Alex. 1014 ). F.¤ COR makes a contract or agreement: cor focerdcar [sic] seach aga fine `a covenant made without the knowledge of the chief' Laws iv 60.12 . cor foceird baeth fri gaeth, iii 6.19 . dā cor focerdaiter fri hechlacha, iv 58.24 Comm . nach cor ... focerdtar for aes forngaire, ZCP xiii 23.23 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 37 ). inge secht n-uasalchuru nadat asu do thaithbiuch neochma rolatar [sic leg., ZCP xvi 271 ], Laws iv 210.2 . fo bith nand asu dichenglad cor mbel inneochma ralatar, 206.14 . coro-lasat a curu bliadain fri D., Dinds. 22 = BB 363a6 . With ellipse (cf. i): flaith foceird fri anflaith, Laws v 358.7 (expld. in Comm. p. 360 as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or extern chieftain). Cf. focerd fri flaith n-eachtrunn, ii 286.5 Comm . Similarly: focerd a mainche fri eagluis (= makes a contract of service with? See mainche) iii 68.5 . Eochaid mac O. focheird cuindlic [ = cuindilc] ┐ a hocht brathair E. and his eight brothers make a pact Anecd. iii 61.15 . focartatar coindi[l]c ib. 30 . ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris, Fél. 132.25 (see fáes(s)am). cach cor ... cach idnucul focertur forsna urgurtuib sa (.i. cuirither resin lucht ro urgairustur dligedh cunnrud do denum), Laws ii 290 ( ZCP xiv 376 ). Cf. is mōr ríg frisrala cor currech Corpri ... `whom the Curragh of C. has overthrown' [? to whom ... has plighted itself] Hail Brigit § 16 . F.¤ BEDG makes a leap, jumps, springs: focheird bedg cuce springs at him LL 260a41 ( IT i 72.19 ). rola Cu Ch. bedg de tresin mbudin, LU 1517 ( MU² 1015 ). focherdat in miolcoin bedg i mBrei, TBFr. § 5 . focheird Cu Ch. tri bidcu ina ndíaid, LU 5795 . See bedg, and cf. do-cuirethar. Cf. ni fuailfed focheird inti | luaithred M. `no motion in it made the ashes of M.' Metr. Dinds. ii 62.5 . F.¤ SCÍS rests: arrallsat scis a tig rig, YBL 13a21 ( Snedg. u. Mac R p. 12 ). Cf. lotar hi tír do chor a scísi, Trip.² 376 .

(h) of sounds, noises: utters, makes; raises (a shout, cry): focherdat ... gāir foa cheer him LU 8849 ( FB 64 ). focheird osnaid sighs LL 371a8 . ro lasat gáir mesca 259b15 ( IT i 67 ). biasta ... fochichret gaire garga SR 8060 . focherd srainn snores BS § 27.1 . focerd ilach cheers Laws i 244.6 Comm. focertitis ualla mora ┐ grithghairi `uttered great yells and howls' RC xiv 46.2 . baili i ralsat Gaill grithgair, Rawl. 164a48 = ait i rrollsat G. crithgair, LL 185a44 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ). roláadh gáir móir and, TTr.² 1640 . dia ralsatar fíanna faíd `raised a cry' Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . focheird fáid ... cloc bind, Auraic. 5131 . foceird fit ... frissin n-escmogin hisses at O'Mulc. 527 . Cf. for braigtib rig foceird feit (of a sword) LU 1042 ( ACC 101 ) = LU 9673 ( ZCP iii 214 ). fochartatar a ndord n-impi, LU 7850 ( BDD 141 ). a ngloim ro lásat na tri .l. curach oc tuidecht hi tír (the noise they made) LU 6935 ( BDD 55 ). Here perhaps f.¤ grith: (of weapons on a rack:) ro lásat grith co mbátár for lár in tige, LU 6936 ( BDD 55 ). (of swords, etc. tossed by a juggler:) fochartatár grith immi co mbátar for lár in tige, LU 7560 , 7568 ( BDD 109 , 110 ). foceird armgrith mór a rrígthech the house clattered (?) LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). (of a regiment:) an armgrith rolāsad oc teacht ind rēimme, TBC-I¹ 3221 . fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . rola Temair tri crithu [leg. grithu ?] di ┐ rolaiset na sluaigh ... ┐ roláset primdingnai Erenn uile, Anecd. ii 7.19 . Cf. f.¤ dírna, below, III.

(i) performs, executes, wages: f.¤ cath, etc.: fochartatar ... an [leg. na] coin cocluiche `the hounds had a coursing-match' RC xii 72 § 43 . secht catha raláe ma thīr, LL 44b33 (= ro ládh mun tir, 380b41 ). desin rolád ... in cath for fál F. `hence was fought ... the battle at the fence of F.' Metr. Dinds. iii 346.97 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 168 . With FOR of defeated side: in cath ... rolá for leith Chuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.17 . With FRI of opponent: co róiltis glied fris, LU 5283 . Cf. anaid sund ... conid rolursa frisin fer n-ucut till I tackle that man LU 5225 . mad comáes nod corad fris `had it been his match in age who opposed him' Metr. Dinds. iv 132. 17 . DO: focerd gliaidh do Aen. 2505 . Cf. focichret for collaib coin congala, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . co rrálat a ndíbeirg for firu Alpan, LU 6725 (`that they may wreak their rapine on the men of A.', Stokes, BDD 21 ). co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais, LU 6729 ( BDD 22 ). f.¤ ár (with gen. of obj.) slaughters; overthrows in battle: fochiuchra for tiugára, LU 4583 (= con curfe, TBC-LL¹ 290 ). focerddat a n-ár ┐ marbait in ríg, LL 242b5 ( TTr. 1910 ). cor muidh for Gallaib ┐ cur ládh a n-ár, RC xvii 351.20 (Tig.). co rolládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, 355.26 (Tig.). rosceastar sliabh nEthna sruaim tened ... gu ro lae ar daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . co ráemid for Gúari corro lad ár cend and LU 9605 . focerdded ār ceann and, BB 428b29 . Cf. co rolad ár mór dib and, Ann. Inisf. 19a14 (988) .

II Used to take the place of an intrans. vb. of motion.

(a) in older lang. in impers. constr., often with inf. pron. obj. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 310 ff .): facheirt in alios sonos `it puts itself [ = passes] into other sounds' Sg. 4b6 . fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (cited above, I c). This is evidently the same construction as that in: arnach corathar immoth ... dia seirc that he may not become stupefied from love of them Ml. 68b9 . Cf. dia corastar Saul foir isin nuaim i mboí when S. chanced upon him Ml. 39a3 . bec nacham ralae i nderchoíniud I almost despaired 90c17 . (Cf. becc náchimrala húathbás, BDD 87 Y, where DEU omit becc). ni foichred cnoi díb for lár not one nut would fall LU 7329 ( BDD 97 ; ni rossed cnú díb lár, Eg.). focerd F. cor conidralai for tech mbecc ann, IT i 144.5 . foscerd iarsin i n-araile indsi `they land' RC x 72 (foscairt v.l.). foscerd do inis they come to an island Anecd. i 56 § 45 ; fosceirt, 59 § 74 . dochuamar a tir sunna, ronla a nuaim in Ciclopdai `we landed here and went into the Cyclops cave' Aen. 154 . is and rolasi co Cathbath, LL 259b26 . YBL 109b37 ( IT i 68 ; rolaad sí, Eg.). foscerd ... imonsech fo c[h]osmailess luathrinde they are whirled round (of three opposing sea-currents) Corm. Y 323 . nosuighfedh cid Erind focher[r]ad ind, ib. fotcicher i súan | nimchicher i súan thou wilt fall asleep. I will not LL 147a22 ( PRIA iii 548 ). nach duine rodacuala son foscerded i cess, LL 126a18 . focerd E. i ces a ben do eludh `it grieved E. that his wife had eloped' Ériu xii 188.7 . foscichreth uili i ndāssacht, Ériu ii 136.1 . amal snechtae fosceird i robāne `which is cast into great whiteness' 130 § 99 . fosceird iar sen a muir naill, YBL 6b45 (= focheirdat ass iar sein hi mmuir n-aill LU 1887 ; see section b below). foscerdsom ína cotludh they fall asleep YBL 5a21 = fochairt inna cotlud, LU 1801 . Cf. srethius fair ... in slig conid rallá ina chomsudiu, LU 5148 . rolá didiu i socht ... Mac D. Mac D. became silent ScM. 3 . roslá i socht na hUlto, 9 (= rolá socht mór forra R). focherd A. i serg de A. falls into a wasting sickness LU 10730 (TÉ). ge robatar longphorta slog in domain i n-athfoccus don tigh sin ni rolae tigerna in tige i snimh ... uair ni rabattar ... innmassa occo, CCath. 3337 . is ann sin ro láa [rogabsat; ro ba v.l.] curudha ... for tocbháil a fedhma catha, CCath. 2016 (cf. section c). Cf. ni rola imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3281 .

Exceptionally to express completion of action: ic coistecht fris dóib uile coro láis in tasfénad sin do dénam, LU 1378 (= con roisc, LL 280b32 , corroisc, YBL 120b25 ). Cf. rolāi dí had achieved ' Fianaig. 46 § 9 .

(b) Somet. with reflex. inf. pron.: foscerdat inna buidne form ranks LU 4684 , cf. ro lasat i ndrungo ... ┐ buidne, BB 414b10 . Cf. TBC-I² 246 n. 211 .

(c) hence as intrans. vb. denoting indefinite motion (though some of the following may be corruptions really belonging to section a). lit. and fig.: is and fochichersom ar gním n-aithergaib [sic leg.] `he will resort to' BDD 102 c , (cf. CCath. 2016 cited in section a). focicher crú tria chnessaib blood will burst through skin (?`ich werde Blut ... springen lassen' Wi.) TFerbe 648 . focertat i suan co cenn tri la fall asleep RC xiv 46.17 (cf. YBL 5a21 cited in section a). focherddat Ulaid chuci, LL 124a25 ( Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 ). focerd C. a magh mor a aenur `C. found himself on' [went in to ?] IT iii 195.3 . focherd i tracht romra comes to (= anchors in) Anecd. ii 15 § 8 . focerd in long i roibi S. ┐ lenaid for carraic ` struck ' Aen. 1010 . focairt chos in Duind C, ar adairc a chele alighted TBC-I¹ 3656 . focaird forsin cuanlocht na mac tíre came upon the wolf-pack ZCP viii 310.40 . Cf. ar chribais il-leirg ... daceird [focheird v.l.] [my dog] comes upon a pig (?) IT i 162.4 ( LL 208a12 ). fochard and Morrigan ... do tascc an catha `proceeded to proclaim' RC xii 108 § 166 .

Cf. rolaus cian i cein | ar do charait i mbrōn, LL 147a41 ( PRIA iii 548 . Supply cuairt ?).

III In the following idiomatic constructions

(a) with AR (cf. II): ni áil dúib á iarfigid arna rala for cubus áiri lest it distress your conscience Wb. 11b21 (Thes. takes `for' as prep., comparing: act ni roib ní for cocubus, 30a16 ). focerd a chubus som ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `he exercised his conscience about eating the produce' Mon. Tall. 77 . ni ralá do cless n-airiut cosinnocht never troubled (?) thee LU 7562 ( BDD 109 ). ní arná corad mo chiall | arna fordulu no tíag it is not that my mind heeds not the strayings (= that I am not acting intentionally ?) LU 4724 . Michél ... focheird mo menma airi `M. ... my mind is set on him' Ériu ii 92.6 .

(b) In the following the vb. seems transitive: focairddsi menmain for in gilla set her heart on RC xxv 346 § 2 . ní foíchiursa mo menmain for óclach n-aile, TBFr. § 24 . ro láeside menmain fora macsom, LU 2928 . Cf. ráthaigis E. aní sin ┐ focheird a menmain airi she considered it (= was puzzled by it ?) LU 10743 .

(c) focerd dano menma in coca thairis cur bhá slan a sechtmain the cook forgot him (?) till a week passed Lism. L. 1997 .

(d) f.¤ for weighs on, grieves, vexes: na cuirid fortsu sin ... uair fogebum uili in t-olc sin grieve not for that BB 445a37 ( Mer. Uil. 10 ). ralágh [prob. for ro-lá] ... cumha a banchéle for an ríg coma ... imeslān é, ZCP xiii 197.12 . bai aenfer ... fornar laessat na cumscaigthi mora sin `whom those great commotions did not affect' CCath. 1086 . atcuas doséin a mhac do epilt. rolá fair go mór go mbaí hi siurcc, AFM vi 2218.20 . (of rain:) ba moa rolá for muintir Uí D. na frossa ferthana ... inás for ṡlógh an Gh., 2034.2 . ar a mhēd rolā fair gan a ṡlogh dia tharrachtain, Hugh Roe 252.29 (67b) .

ba fou fachart[at]arsom it was for that that they applied(?) it Ml. 64a10 . Cf. ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `it is not of the destruction of the ... temple that he has put it (gl. non id ille dixit quod illi dicunt Comm. on Marco P. xiv 58 ) Tur. 80 . ba dō fachairtsam son, ar nicontissed aridisse, RC xi 444.3 (= ba do focerdsom anni sen for Coin C. fodeig arna contissed ..., ZCP iii 247.1 ). (Expl. of cruimther as transl. of premther:) in Bretain ... it ē dorintaiset ┐ is anni as premter dorintaiset. is fair iarom rolaset legnidhe na mB. annīsin: amail is lomm, etc. Corm. Y 211 (= is fáei ... latharsat LB; is foi ... rolasat HM. O'Don., Corm. Tr., renders LB `accordingly the literati of the B. explained it'). ni cian rollā for dāla did not long delay (?) SR 7651 .

(e) f.¤ dírna di = scares (?): fochérd dírna mór din tslóg co luid Medb día chosc, LU 4685 . atracht in slōg uile ara chind ┐ rola dirmae din chath imbi oc teacht isin telaig TBC-I¹ 3288 = ro lá dírna dina cathaib ┐ dina sluagaib ac déscid in láich sin, TBC-LL¹ 5391 . See Hermathena 1931 p. 4 , and cf. f.¤ grith I (h) above.

forcenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forcenn or dil.ie/23431

Forms: forcan, forcenn, forcunn, foirciunn, forciunn, foirchinn

n o, n., later m. (the `e' and `nn' of the second syll. are evidently due to the influence of `cenn' and `for-cenna'; `forcan,' which occurs in Ml would be the regular phonetic development of for + cenn, see Ériu iii 57 ). n s. is he forcan , Ml. 91a21 (but forchenn, 118d6 ). a s. forcenn, Wb. 14c14 . Ml. 110d15 . Sg. 28b19 . d s. forcunn, Ml. 19c12 . 33a9 . 93a16 . foirciunn, Sg. 18b1 . forciunn, 169a1 . g s. foirchinn Ml. 56d8 .

(a) end, final limit (generally of time or procedure, rarely in purely local sense): gl. finis Wb. 14c14 . Ml. 91d21 . exitus 19c12 . foircheann .i. fírcheann no firdheireadh, O'Cl. acht rop ré forciunn robbé `da' ┐ nip hesom bes ḟorcenn is timmorte (gl. `Da' ... ante finem corripitur) Sg. 169a1 . ni fil tossa[ch] na f.¤ fairseom, LL 1a5 . amal nach forcend lipair nach maighin i mbí amen ..., Hib. Min. 2.49 = forcind ib. 47 . tainic forcenn dictatoirechta Césair ár sin, CCath. 210 . foircionn do dhul for ollamhnacht an Dubhshúiligh ┐ Dunlaing `the ollavships of D. and D. were abolished' AFM iii 412.15 . triath cen chenn cen ḟoirceann fair without beginning or end ACL iii 242 § 11 . maith tinscantar ┐ nad berar co f.¤ , Mon. Tall. § 90 . slechdain hi forciund cech sailm, § 5 . i forciunn a aíssi, Trip. 38.15 (407) . arnach ndermanadar Dia hi forcenn that God should not forget him unto the end (ref. to usque quo, Domine oblivisceris me in finem ?) Ml. 32d5 (constr. prob. influenced by the Lat.). a furcinn in comhluind, ZCP vi 280.12 . no go roichidh forcinn a thurais, Fl. Earls 156.34 . go foircheann na talmhan, Isaiah xlviii 20 . A term, limit: is mithich forchenn furi (ref. to indignationis lempus inculcat expletum) Ml. 118d6 . do dhuthaig duit co gairit, ar P. Forchenn air ..., ar in t-óclách give it a definite term Acall. 481 . co rusbāid hí cen forceann, YBL 447b48 (`drowned her finally' Metr. Dinds. iii 36z , but tre foirtheann v.l. perhaps better reading).

Cf. (díalt, dealt :) is fotha ndeich, ┐ is ass forberat co forcend mbrechta i mbiat ocht ndiailt, Corm. Y 447 .

(b) in sense of airchenn, what is in store (for), what is destined: is foirceann gu tora dilind, BB 22a25 . adbērat frit inni ata i forcend duid, 496b14 . Cf. asbert iarom S. friss ... aní aridboí dia forciund, LU 10347 = dia forcenn ZCP iii 255 . Cf. a Meic Dé ... a f.¤ in domain!, Ir. Lit. 80 .

íarmóracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarmóracht or dil.ie/27033

Forms: īarmōracht, iarmhorechta, iarmhoireacht

n ā, f. vn. of íarmi-fórat. n s. in īarmōracht (sic leg.), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . g s. iarmhorechta, O'Curry 289 (< H 3.18, p. 159 ).

(a)

(i) pursuit, search; act of pursuing or seeking: a dhidin ar lucht a iarmhorechta, O'Curry 289 (< H 3.18, p. 159 ). i n-í.¤ na n-én arnách elaitís, LU 5733. leicc damhsa imtecht ... gan íarmhóracht uait, BNnÉ i 207 § 57. is and tanic Medb isin i.¤ , ZCP i 105.14 . Caoilte ┐ tosach na féine dom iarmhōiracht, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1218. ag a iarmoirecht `in pursuit of him,' MR 262.7 . iarmoracht cruid pursuit of cattle, Laws i 266.21 . ocus gu tug maidhm ... ó na h-allmarachaib sin ar a haird-rig gan a hi.¤ , Hy Maine 134.18 . dot iaraigh-si ┐ dot iarmoracht tresan cath, CF 854. tuc iarmoracht ara chlaidem fen ┐ mar fuair é `searched for,' RC xix 46 § 60. rotchúala-sa ... ind ingen rod[a]láa immach oco í.¤ , TBFr. 333. Goill Connacht do chur dom dhruim | nó a n-iarmhoireacht ní fhéadaim, DDána 82 § 35.

(ii) act of pursuing with intent to rescue or retrieve: tiagair o Ailill ┐ o Medb do í.¤ a mmuntiri, LU 5880. atát lim trénfir dodigenat m'íarmoracht, 10259 . ni rolamair Mac Coissi iarmoracht no innsaighidh a cruidh forra, Anecd. ii 42.9 . roghluaiseadar rompa ... a n-i.¤ an tṡagairt, Ériu v 92.11 . ag i.¤ a n-athar, AFM v 1686.16 . lotar Lagin do iarmoracht a mbraiti to retrieve the booty taken from them, RC viii 52.z .

(iii) Metaph. Of following a branch of learning: mac ro bui a[g] iarmoracht a dhana, O'Curry 172 (< H 3.18, p. 96 ). Of observing (a feast): coimétaid in cáisc ... d'iarmoracht ocus d'airichill cecha bliadna, LB 123a25 .

(b)

(i) inquiry, act of inquiring: cid no taí do í.¤ indí sin asking about , LU 1679. iarmhoireacht `inquiry,' Eg. Gl. 402. tar éis móide íarmhoireacht do dhénamh `after vows to make enquiry,' Proverbs xx 25.

(ii) (subject of) inquiry: eól dam ... Benn Foibni ... a hainm is a hiarmoracht `its name and its lore,' Metr. Dinds. iv 86.4 .

(c) In concrete sense:

(i) a pursuing party: donarraid in īarmōracht Ulad (sic leg.) ina diaid, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 § 5 . cona tarraidh iarmóirecht, AFM ii 698.4 .

(ii) something sought: as deimhin lem ... go bhfuil an iarmoracht úd an chleirigh agad `that thou hast what the cleric is seeking,' Ériu v 98.9 .

(d) prosecution, suit: eisiumh do shaoradh on accra ┐ on i.¤ do bái fair, BNnÉ i 239.3 . an fhuinn fhuair gan iarmhóracht (: chródhacht), Top. Poems² 1596.

(e) `the rear'?: tucad na galgada ┐ in gillannraid i niarmoracht na nog `in the rear of the youths,' Ériu viii 42.5 .

ít(t)u

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ít(t)u or dil.ie/29175

Forms: ítu, híttu, híta, iodtha, itaid, ítith, ítaid, itid, íttaid, ítu, itad, hittad, íota, hitaid, ítaid, íota, ītu, iotain, itan, hitun, itain, íotain, híttad

n d, f. Later also n, f. n s. ítu, Ml. 123c2 . LU 1699. híttu, SR 917. híta, Alex. 643. iodtha, Luc. Fid. 225.12 . ? itaid (or n p. ?), TTebe 1810 . a s. ítith, Wb. 11a19 . ítaid, Ml. 121b8 . itid, Mon. Tall. 147.25 . íttaid, LU 1695. ítu, CCath. 2572. g s. itad, LU 7923. na hittad , PH 4329. íota, Gadelica i 49.501 . TSh. 7825. d s. hitaid, SR 5357. ítaid, LU 1280. íota, TSh. 6250. ītu, O'Mulc. 705. Cf. a s. iotain, BNnÉ 70 § 117. g s. itan, Ériu ii 224 § 43. na hitun , Rosa Angl. 38.x . d s. itain, BB 20a30 . íotain, DDána 29 § 26.

thirst: í.¤ ab idor (ὕδωρ) ... dond ī.¤ , O'Mulc. 704 - 5 . ar in n-itaid gl. sitim, Ml. 97d3 . í.¤ ┐ dommatu, 123c2 . ros gab hí.¤ mór ocai, co rucad drolmach medcuisci dóib ó Pátraic, Trip.² 2789. co n-erbalt fer díib ar ítaid, 2791 . arna himfoilnged imned dó ind ro-í.¤ , Mon. Tall. 145.1 . diambai in-hitaid osind leirg | ... dia rodáil dó Dia dig, SR 5357. cumma aranggairtís gortai ┐ íttaid díb na hubla, LU 1695. dofic a mórthart itad ┐ aplis do thám arnach fúair a dig, 7923 . occ īarraidh a íccai ar chraos, ar ithemraighe ocus ar ítaid n-ētūalaing, MacCongl. 119.17 . in tan batar isin morítaid sin ... conḟacutar sruth for a cínd, Alex. 653. bá moidi a tirmach ┐ bá haidhblithi in-ítu (leg. a n-ítu) in saethur mór sin do dénam oc íarraid uisce, CCath. 2518. asbert Ísu isin croich `Ata hittu form,' PH 2868. toirmeasc itan eindeisi `sufficient to quench the thirst of two persons,' Ériu ii 224 § 43. gabhais robor (roburta, v.l.) îtadh hê iarsin `a strong thirst,' RC xxvii 300 § 71. i n-íotain 's i n-ocaras, DDána 29 § 26. risin lasud lanitad bai orro iter ech ┐ duni, TTebe 1757 . itta gan bathad `unquenchable thirst,' Rosa Angl. 270.22 . agá chéasadh ag an íota do bhí air i n-ifreann, TSh. 6250.

Metaph. spiritual thirst, desire: a srúaim mór ind forcitil spirdáldi arrodibaid ítith ind israhel spiurdalti inna nóib `the thirst of the spiritual Israel of the saints,' Wb. 11a19 . íta uirri im sercc nDé (gl. Īte), Fél.² xxxiv 32. dichurid in ngorta ┐ in ítaid suthain o anmain na n-iressach, PH 5191. re ro-met ... a nitad ... 'mon tir, Cog. 52.16 . gi be ibheas don uisge do bheirimsi dho, ni gheubhadh iodtha e go siordhaidhe, Luc. Fid. 225.12 . do ruagadh íota na hantoile ┐ ocrais na hurchóide, TSh. 7825.

Attrib. gen. used in sense of thirst-quenching: a thopur híttad na ndemna, PH 8274. toghuit hī tar gach ndigh íttan for bith `they choose it in preference to any thirst-quenching draught on earth,' Marco P. § 143.

1 los

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 los or dil.ie/30698
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: loise, lois, loss, losa

n o, m. Appar. also ā, f. g s. loise, ZCP ii 556.21 , d s. lois, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.) (= los, CS 274.16 ; loss, AFM ii 842.21 ), n p. losa, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 37a ).

I

(a) end, butt, foot, point (of a staff, stick, etc.): focherded a bunsach ríam conda gebed ar loss resíu dorótsad a bun for lár, LU 4869 . co lois na Bachla Issa, RC xvii 383.12 (Tig.). do sgeinn tobar uisge a ndiaig loise na bachaille, ZCP ii 556.21 (= cos, see 19 ). gurab tré bhonn Aonghusa do chuir Pádraig l.¤ a bhaichle, Keat. iii 361 (= rinn, 363 ). buille do l.¤ a throsdain with the butt-end of his staff, ZCP x 10.10 . sciath . . . co n-a loss imthróm iarnaide, LL 189b2 . croch . . . a mbel na piasta, ┐ a cros rena carpat uachtarach ┐ a ll.¤ rena carpat ichtarach, Laud 610, fo. 8a (Plummer MS. notes). tucadur leó he co l.¤ na croichi (pes crucis), Smaointe B. Chr. 3999.

(b) stem of a drinking-horn(?): go n-a naoi gcornaibh do (leg. co?) losaibh óir, Ériu i 95.3 . Of altar vessels: ceithri corn (g pl.) . . . robris imorro ┐ tall a n-innmusa ┐ a lasa[d] (leg. losa) dibh, AU ii 226.9 = lossa, AFM iii 110.4 .

(c) tail of an animal; tip of the tail(?): l.¤ .i. erball, O'Cl. iss ithi lochad co a llos. Slucid iarum erboll na llochad, RC xiii 446 § 30 . luchóg go n-a l.¤ do shlogadh, Keat. ii 2521 . nuimir mor do deilgnibh iarnaidhe ar a losaibh, Aisl. Tond. 104.15 . By extension, of a cloak: bruitt dubglassa fá loss i forcipul impu, TBC-LL¹ 4359.

(d) By transf. gain, increase, result : dober . . . luth ┐ nert céit in gach fer acuibh . . . ┐ dober loss ┐ solad daibh arnach bid urcra, RC xiv 36 § 28. ? crābud in buirb co n-indmus, l.¤ diūit nit goire a grīs, ZCP vii 311 § 16.

(e) In particular, produce or young of cattle , usually in contexts where the cattle, through having been stolen or temporarily forfeited, have been in the possession of others not their owners, and during this period have calved: l.¤ .i. fas, Lec. Gl. 326 (M 139) . l.¤ .i. na laigh, O'D. 1122 ( H 2.15A, 56 ). ní fo-roxla taide no cnet . . . as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile; mad beodile co n-as ┐ l.¤ ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem `Jungen', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 . as ┐ l.¤ ┐ geart `Junge (die Kälber)'. ZCP xv 240 § 3 . icuidh aithgin a chota gan l.¤, gan as, gan inorbairt he pays the exact amount of his share without the natural increase, Laws iv 256.15 Comm . (of one who had absconded without payment of his share of a debt but his `fine' had paid it for him. On his return he must pay simply the original amount of his liability). techta fuillema gill dobeir ben bo-aireigh ┐ occaireich la Feine; ni taibret . . . acht lusaib a cethra `they give but in the produce of their cattle' (something omitted before lusaib?), v 386.26 . madh geall do berur fri fiachuibh ┐ bidh l.¤ for in fiach, dia mbe fonuidm in luis is a ícc, i 280.13 , 14 Comm . muna be fonuidm . . . ní híctur acht colunn náma; ┐ taisiuc in gill, cid geall luis, 17 Comm . co fuillem .i. mblechta, no losa .i. innuth, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 379 ) (see indad). cona buar bera acht leth loss, . . . .i. . . . leith in neich ro losustar acut . . . , O'Curry 440 ( H 3.18 237a ). scaile[d] a set arin los, Laws v 438.12 Comm . (? = `alienating the principal for interest on it', Plummer MS. Notes).

II In prepositional phrases and compounded with oen has the meaning end, purpose, consequence (perh. also in: cáit assa tecait? . . . nó co lus tíagait `to what end?', Acall. 6285 ): oen-lus (see also ar oen-lus, below) intention, set purpose : guach cach brathum, aen-lus ┐ taige (= táide) `intentional or with concealment', Laws v 458.5 . it comarda a n-eiric aen-lus ┐ taige, 10 .

ar óen-lus intentionally, deliberately : nach ar ealguin . . . na ar aonlus, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 Q 6, 37a ). im cāinte . . . ┐ gona . . . cid ar aon lus dognethur ni digbunn a laneineclunn ium nech, Laws i 58.14 Comm . benaimsi in cluiccīn sae / . . . ar ōenlus / co nā hesboi Doelgus daith, Cáin Ad. 18 . as mor na coirthe do chomaentaigh sibh do denam ar oen l.¤ gl. mor bar ccionta comraite, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 n.7 . mad ar oenlus asbera nech in goi `deliberately', Ériu vii 158.7 . banbeim ar aenlus, . . . sarughudh ar aenlus, Laws iv 364.4, 6 Comm . ? Amloṅgaid ān Ōengus / attreb tōeba Temro, dosnort aridn-ōenlus (? leg. arind o.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 4 (`by his sole strength', Hail Brigit p. 7 ). Also d'óenlus: ba fora iarair d'aonloss do dheochattar, Hugh Roe² 10.13 .

a l.¤ , ar l.¤ , di l.¤ , i l.¤ l. (a) in consequence of, as a result of, on account of: a l.¤ a carut, Laws ii 280.16 (see ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ). l.¤ .i. son, as bhar l.¤ .i. as bhar son, O'Cl. a láimh gach [aoin] aigérus asa l.¤ who shall sue on their account, O'D. 547 ( H 3.17, 436 ). ba cara doib Gorthigern a l.¤ a mna, LU 232. ro gab eacla . . . Find assar l.¤-ne on our account, Acall. 6506 . a ll.¤ crochi Crist didiu nach ecail lind gorta, LB 233b48 . ro mallachtastair Noe Cam a ll.¤ a nderna, BB 5a2 . saiget do chur i Maoilechlainn . . . ┐ a écc as a l.¤ in consequence, AFM iv 800.11 . ar l.¤ corbaidh mhna Cuind `because of the depravity', Ériu iii 154.29 . ar l.¤ aimlesa `on account of a false charge', Ann. Conn. 1254.7 . tú ós ar gcinn-ne, a chros Eoghain, / m'inmhe ar a l.¤ laighdeobhaidh, DDána 65.4 . Similarly, ar losaib: ar losaibh dhoirre Domhnaill `because of D.'s anger', Studies 1924, 242 § 8 , cf. ar losain [leg. losaibh ?] an trír do thuit / an tír fa chosaibh Cormuic for the sake of (the sons of Uisnech). Aithd. D. 6.31 . truagh a Mhuire ar lén da l.¤ , L. Cl. A. B. 142.99 . cf. 138.95 . do thromluigh ceas lonn dā l.¤ , Hackett liv 24 . a marbad i llos na n-eladhan sin do beith acco, Acall. 6094 . 'na l.¤-sain 'na loighe atá, DDána 79.12 . go gcailltear a l.¤ an bháis an onóir shaoghalta leis na daoinibh bhíos mórdha ré linn a mbeatha (? simply after), TSh. 916.

(b) by means of, by dint of, by virtue of: a ll.¤ a lín is a craind / Beoan iascairi Comgaill / dosrat, LU 3071 . ceṅglaidsi in fersain a llus nirt, LL 2545 . ro briss a ll.¤ chlaidib chróin / for síl n-airdairc ṅHerimóin / cath Éle, 2000 . nocor' gabh Iúil Césair . . . a l.¤ a lámha, CCath. 68 . gur tairrnccedar . . . an chruit as a lambuibh a los éiccin by main force, Ériu iv 61 § 52 . tairccsin mheallta muinntire Brenainn don diabhal hi llos ítan, BNnÉ 63 § 90 . dochuaid as ar l.¤ a lama, Ann. Conn. 1230.7 . ni claidhfidis fir in talman . . . ar l.¤ nirt na nidhecais é, ZCP vi 44.29 . ar lus na lethláim (sic) using one hand only(?), TBC-LL¹ 2123 (see Études Celt. iv 317 ). dia mbēraind hi lloss retha hí don ḟēin uile, ZCP xii 375.12 . bith a deimin accutt nach i lus ghaile inā gaiscid rachu isin inad naobh sin, Grail 3745 . ? dorala Arcomenus . . . a lloss claidib fri Hechtoir `came to blows with', TTr.² 960.

(c) Of dragging by: a ngabail a l.¤ a mullaig eiste, . . . a tarrung a l.¤ a putrull mun dighsit cena (of an abbot expelling monks), Laws v 208.26 - 27 Comm . coro thairṅgiset . . . chucu in ṁboin sin loch a llus a herbuill, LL 21197 . a tócbail a ll.¤ a fuilt `by the hair of her head', PH 1394 . rotharraing Concubar Ilbreach a l.¤ a chinn chuigi, Caithr. CC 45.15 .

(d) about, concerning : ro doilbit sceoil bregi imda . . . a llus Cesair, CCath. 750. cf. Hugh Roe² 236.21 . scēl lem a llus na mbennacht / fa ḟūair Muiri mōrchendacht concerning(?), ACL iii 244 § 3 . cidh drochcelmaine atcluinim asa loss, CCath. 4051 . a ll.¤ tuarastail, RC xviii 271.30 (Tig.). sith do denam . . . risna hespocaib . . . ar lus feraind Patrisius hi Connachtaib, Ann. Conn. 1241.12 (`on account of').

(e) in charge of, concerned with (cf. i mbun): mac in chírmaire a llus chír, LL 18797 . da m-bammar ac Scathaig / a llus gascid gnathaig, TBC-LL¹ 3466 . in t-aél a llus in bíd / iss ed as chubaid ra hardríg, LL 300ay . fiarfaighis de in bó lonn leis beith a ll.¤ proinne na manach, BNnÉ 28 § 31 .

(f) about to: in tan adconnairc Lusus a athair do thoitim, ┐ Aenias a l.¤ a chind do buain de `about to shear off', Aen. 2631 . truagh fós, gan faicsin t'fhiodhbhadh / liom, ar l.¤ mo cheiliobhradh, Celtica iv 116 § 8 .

Compds. (i) With adj. ¤ard: ? scoirpioin In[d]ecda ba l. side luagh a n-iarcomlai foraib, BB 494b36 = scorpíon Indecda dorala for a iarcómla a mboi ina sesum, Alex. 705 . ¤chael: mil . . . / liath luath loscael, IT iii 43 § 56 ( ¤chlaen, v.l. 14 § 30 ). ¤glan: cethri cuirnd losglana im loinn fair-shanked, Fen. 370.16 . ? ¤ḟinn white-tailed, white-tipped(?): cet ndart flann, cet ndairti loisinn, O'Curry 784 ( H 3.18, 367a ).

4 nach, nách

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 nach, nách or dil.ie/32909

Forms: nách, náich, nech

conj. introducing subord. neg. clause, that . . . not . In O.Ir. used only with inf. pron. in place of ná, nád or as 3 s. pres. ind. of copula ; in Mid.Ir. more widely (but not with ro- forms of vb.). Occas. nách ( Wb. 12a6 , náich, 10a15 ).

(a) after a n- (when), ol, huare (because), ar (in final clauses), co (in consecutive clauses), amal and the like ; with ar and co the word coalesces ( arnach , connach) : a nnachat-toscelfat when they will not experience thee, Ml. 107c11 . ol nacham-didna-sa because it does not console me, 86d3 . huare nachan-soirai-nni because thou dost not deliver us, 93d10 . arnachit-rindarpither lest thou be cast away, Wb. 5b33 . arnacht-fordiucail in fer sommae that . . . may not devour thee, Ml. 36a32 (= nachat-). arnach-ndermanadar Dia that God should not forget him, 32d5 . arnacha-imrada that he may not think them, 51a1 . connacham-robae dliged, 90c16 . connach-n-impad so that he could not turn himself, 122a14 . connacha-dánaigfea so that he will not bestow it (sc. trócaire), 96a7 . connách moidea nech , Wb. 2b4 (3 s. n. pron.).

Without inf. pron. : huare nach derni a adamrugud because he cannot express admiration of him, Ml. 128c3 (exceptional construction in Glosses). do chin huair nach atamar because thou didst not acknowledge thy guilt, SR 1406. is i liss . . . ro alt conach acced fer hí, IT i 71.9 . suail nach farroeblaṅgatar in bruiden they almost leaped over, CRR 15. cid damsa nach dígelaind ḟoraib? why should I not punish you? 46 .

Representing copula : amal nach forcend lipair nach maighin i mbí amén as every place . . . is not the end of a book, Hib. Min. 2.49 . cid nach homo aspert? why did he not say `homo'? 13.453 (= cid arnach , Harl.). suail nach ed domgni marb, CRR 5. amal nách áil léind ar toccrád, PH 5820. uair nachdat dee na híí chreti, 1141 .

(b) in noun-sentences expanding a preceding pron. or noun or after vbs. of perceiving, thinking, saying, etc. : is follus isindí nachim-rindarpai-se in that he has not cast me away, Wb. 5a18 . is ed ro chreti cách . . . nachab-ticfed, Ml. 46a14 . asberad som . . . nacha-soirbed that he would not save them, 53d6 . dothuṅg . . . nacha-mbérat ar áis that they shall not carry him off, TBC-LL¹ 144. tiur-sa brethir . . . nachas-idnaidiub-sa that I will not await them, 4938 . Without pron. : isbertatar . . . nach ístais biad, IT i 75.15 . atbertsat nach tanic fáid amal Ísu, PH 2796.

Copula : epert as nert Dáe . . . ┐ nach a nert fesin, Ml. 63b12 . ni ǽrburt nach armu peccad [d]ora[ta]d form that it was not for my sin, 44b19 . in fhacca tusa nách Iúdaide mesi? that I am not a Jew, PH 2707. ro fhetamar-ni . . . conid o Dia ro hordnit ┐ nach o diabul, 4880 .

Occas. co nach appears for nach : tuicfe-siu . . . co nach Dia he that he is not God, PH 1845 , cf. 7644 . dia fhoillsiugud co nachat anmand uaisle . . . noemait nech, 5086 .

(c) in final clauses : álmí-ni . . . nachan-tecma drochrann that an evil lot may not befall us, Fél. Jan. 10 (arnan-tecma v.l.). frithalid aslach diabuil . . . nach-for-ḟuca lais dia thig, SR 1459.

(d) in a few cases irregularly used at beginning of a main clause (see Celtica ix 129-30 ): ní ind fessin eirbthi ┐ nach dō duaisilbi nanní dogní and it is not to himself that he appropriates (ascribes), Ml. 51b12 (cop.). ocus noch [= nach] do cenel eile do hordaiged, Laws i 34.12 Comm. (cop.).

Idiomatically in answering questions: `A lenmain, a Ḟerguis' bar M. . . . `Aicce ón omm' bar F. `nachas-linub-sa' I will not follow him, TBC-LL¹ 2887. `Anat didiu' ol A. `Nách ainfet dano' ol M., TBC-I¹ 171. See 2 nád.

1 ní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ní or dil.ie/33145

Forms: ní, níi, neich, neuch, neoch, neo, niu, neo, niu, ní, níos, níosa

indef. pron., neut. of nech. n a s. ní ( fri níi , Wb. 8a4 ). g s. neich. d s. neuch, later neoch. An older (?) d s. neo, niu also occurs in O.Ir.: cia e[r] neo , Ml. 101a4 ; ci er niu , 47b1 . In late Mid. and Mod.Ir. ní is often used in d s., see II.

(a) anything, aught , used like nech in indef. or neg. sent. or question; ní, gl. quippiam, Ml. 23c12b , 27d9 . gl. quicquam, 3a10 . cia ar neoch dorrignis? (gl. ad quid hoc fecisti?), Sg. 217a5 ; cf. cia e[r] neo, gl. quamobrem, Ml. 101a4 . cech duine shirfess ni fort whoever shall ask aught of thee, PH 462. ní macc ní none (of the animals mentioned) is a son, Enchir. Aug. 83b ( ZCP vii 484 ). buith cen denum neich, gl. otiosae, Wb. 29a4 . ní hecal dó ní he has no cause to fear, CRR 18. ním-raib ní may I possess nought, ZCP vii 308 § 1. nir choemnacair in tene ni doib, PH 4045. ní fuil uiresbaid neich ar bith orra, Maund. 227.

In sense something (= Lat. aliquid): ní do thabairt do neuch (= aliquid proferre), Ml. 98a4 . is mithich dún in tinnscital ní do dénum to begin to do something, ZCP viii 175.25 (Laon Glosses), where neich might be expected. ní damsa ! (give) me something! ZCP iii 212 § 24. eroslaicced [a rusc] ┐ itconnairc ní he saw somewhat (of a blind boy restored to sight), PH 1322. aithcomarc neich dond áos fuirbti consulting men of perfect life about some matter, Mon. Tall. 23. do bid . . . ag iarraid neich ar Colam, ZCP vii 304 § 14.

(b) commonly folld. by DE (partitive) = any (some) part (amount, number) of: huare nad robae ní do degnímaib leu they had no good works, Ml. 15d9 . nephdenum neich di ulc, 23c20 . ni tabrait ní de dena [= dona] bochtaib they give nought of it, Mon. Tall. 57. nipta ni dom deolaidecht ye have nought of my grace, SR 1444. cor glanmais . . . ni diar cintaib some of our sins, 1576 . co rucsat ní dia n-indmas leo, PH 1000. ni fogní . . . ní di nach ret do denam to do anything whatever, Mon. Tall. 45. conid ní de buadaib Duind Cualnge insin the above are some of the triumphs of the D.C., TBC-LL¹ 1543. ní dhe nad be leosam de ḟid no tuighe any timber or thatch they have not, Irish Texts i 19 § 3 (leg. ní nád, etc.). ba headh so ni dia chrābad .i. fodail bidh ┐ lenna, etc., ZCP xii 291.13 . ar báig ni ar ni do drúis for love, not for any lust (?), Ériu iv 106.3 . ropo ní do dáil decm[a]ing somewhat of a hard test (condition), 108z . Bersibé . . . ina ḟuil ní da n-ecailsib an rígh (leg. aniugh), Maund. 50. iar milleadh neith dia n-arbhannaibh, AFM ii 1068. 13 . Referring to persons: connā terna ni dona .v. gaiscedaib dēc so that not one of the fifteen champions escaped, TBC-I¹ 556. Diarmait . . . co ní do Ghallaibh do thiachtain `with a force of foreigners', AU ii 240.17 .

(c) folld. by defining rel. clause; with subj. in indef. sent.: boí ní ro glante and something to be purified, Wb. 31c18 , cf. 27a16 . arnach n-aurchoissed som fri níi duronad nach aile anything which any other could do, 8a4 . acht ropa techtae adlúsat .i. ní argara itid díob enough to quench their thirst, Mon. Tall. 53.

With indic.: fosodin . . . .i. fo ní fuan-tuic Pól in accordance with what P. has applied it to, Ml. 35a9 , cf. 35b16 . i nní imme-forlaing guasacht into what caused danger, 38c10 . do deicsin neich as tacair doib what is fitting for them, 47d7 . doguilse di neuch adbaill grief for what perishes, Wb. 16b11 . ar seilg neich nach maith, Ériu i 70.1 . iar neoch dia ecnuch . . . dolleici tenga caich after the blasphemy of Him which each man's tongue utters, ii 118 § 56 . atta ni forsa-taet a ndliged-sa there is something on which this dictum bears, Hib. Min. 5.148 . issi in faithchi techta la Feine, ni rosaig guth cluicc as far as the sound of a bell reaches, Laws iv 194.2 . gur marbad ní nach etir d'airem dib a number beyond counting, RC xix 366.19 .

Folld. by rel. cop. and compar.: ce fodailter ni bes miniu although something less is distributed, Thes. ii 254.14 ( Stowe M. 65b ). táthunn ní as nessa we have something nearer, Fél. Prol. 217. níptá ní bas dilsiu, 185 . ata ní is messu de, SR 1349. nochorb ail dó ní ba mō he desired no more, PH 3315. Used adverbially: nā gnáthaig ni as sia do scél any longer, SR 6031. nā tecar da indsaigid ni bad ṡiriu nō bas mó, TBC-LL¹ 1776. This construction continues in use to form the compar. (the force of the indef. pron. being lost sight of) down to the mod. period, in which it is gradually replaced by the stereotyped forms níos, níosa (< ní as), used regardless of tense. an té agá mbiadh do thoicce shaoghalta ní sa mhó ioná a riachtanas, TSh. 7165 (where the pron. has still some significance). d'eagla go mbiadh ní sa mheasa, 5316 . go nach beidis ní budh faide ag inghreim (= diutius), 5541 . foghail do dhénamh ni as uille to commit any greater depredation, AFM ii 974.5 . ni sa mhó, Proverbs iv 18.

(d) as pred. of cop., somewhat = something that is of consequence, matters : massu ní imdibe if circumcision is aught, Wb. 20b8 . is hé á oenur bes ní (= ut sit Deus omnia in omnibus), 13c3 . is machtnaigthi lim-sa . . . comad ní fíadut-sa in duine aneolach-sa that this ignorant fellow should be aught in thy sight, PH 1759. dia mbad rim contuased rí, | ropad ní a chland dia éis, LL 149a15 . ní ní, gl. nihil, Enchir. Aug. 70b ( ZCP vii 480 ). nídat ní (= nihil sunt), Ml. 79b7 . ni ni nach breth berar nā bidh fri leigend leir leirigther no judgement that is passed is of effect unless it is, etc. , Corm. Y 1224. Cf. further: indiu for lár Dermaigi | aicsiu Fergaili ní ní (= Fergal is not to be seen), ZCP xii 232 § 41. ní ní acht airget a findgrian its fair gravelly bed is nought but silver, Fianaig. 50.6 . ní ní acht mar do an ar ēneing | an ri is Magh F. faí the king under whom is Magh F. is of no account save in the territory to which he has confined himself (?), Irish Texts ii 45 § 1 .

Similarly in phrases: is ní dom é it is a matter of some consequence for me ; is ní limm é I think it important, advisable: nocon fuair freccra budh ní dhó he got no answer that satisfied him, Hugh Roe 94.1 (f. 25a) . coná fuairset troid nó tachar robadh ní dóibh which mattered (i.e. could hinder them), 188.19 (f. 50b) . Cf. ma ueith ní indsaighidh chathrach Mhaoil M. do righaiu whether it be worth while for kings to attack (?), Anecd. ii 58.18 . nír bhó ní lais tocht co heisinnill día furtacht he thought it would be unadvisable, Hugh Roe 204.26 (f. 54b) .

(e) folld. by a noun-clause in appos.; in O.Ir. after the interrog. particle in to emphasize a question = is it a fact that . . .? inní nad n-imcai does he (really) not consider? Ml. 114a15 . inní na fochrothai-siu (gl. numquid non tu ista discutis?), 64a4 . inní bertar ni uaine duib-si? shall anything be taken from us to you? RC v 202 § 24. Cf. mani ni nád ndenam-ni acht is co dug[n]em (gl. docet . . . non nos errare tamen si in Domino spe positâ ea quae agenda sunt . . . intente faciemus), Ml. 23c6 , where Edd. Thes. emend: ma .i. ní nád ndénamni; the sense may be loosely: (we do not err) unless it is the case that we do not do (them), but it is that we may do (them earnestly).

Similarly: bid sí do ṡerc-su bas ní | nad mair inti ceta-bui love for thee will be the cause that thy predecessor lives no longer (i.e. is forgotten), LL 275a10 ( Mór M. 265 ). ma beith ní iarom totim dam-sa if it should turn out that I fall, 288b47 ( RC xiii 440 § 12 ). Cf. the similar use of rud in Mod. Ir.: má's (dá mbadh) rud é go bhféadaim (bhféadainn) if I can (could).

(acht) atá ní (chene) (but) there is something (further), folld. by a main clause in appos. stating an additional fact or consideration; common in Mid.Ir. as a transitional phrase = moreover; however: `atá ní' ar F. `ni batecra ind ḟir sin', TBC-LL¹ 444. acht atá ní, 543 , 1955 . acht ata ní chena, torchratar tri cet curad, Fianaig. 92.27 . acht ata ni chena, muidhis for na hIndecdhaibh, Marco P. 33. Cf. the later construction: dar léo féin a ccomhfoccus doibh, acht aon-ní dob uidhe trí lá é however, it was (really) a journey of three days, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . ní hiad naoimh an bheatha bhí | thig díom d'áireamh acht éin-ní: | gach naomh dar naomhadh ar nimh not (only) the saints of earth whom I can recount, but actually all the saints that have been hallowed in heaven, Dán Dé xxv 73 .

See also nech III.

saeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saeth or dil.ie/35912

Forms: saoth, seth, saeth

n u m. trouble, hardship, distress, tribulation (both physical and mental); disease, illness: s.¤ (saoth, v.l.) .i. galar, O'Dav. 1471 . saoth .i. galar no easláinte; .i. pian; .i. sáothar, O'Cl. cen ascur sáitha `without remission of tribulation', Wb. 25d16 . issnib colnidib . . . ceste saithu who suffer tribulations, Cambr. 38b ( Thes. ii 247.19 ). téicht do Róim | mór saido, becc torbai `much labour', Thes. ii 296.4 . Dīa dím cech sáeth doringba (seth, saeth, v.ll.), Hy. vi 9 (.i. cech toirsi nó galar, gloss). ro cés mór sáeth (seth, v.l.) i lLethu, ii 35 (.i. saethair, T., soethar no galar, F.). ro damnatar sáethu, Fél. Prol. 32 ; quoted by O'Cl. (saoth) with gloss `piana'. sáeth sétaib `by ways of tribulations', Apr. 3 . arnách ruba(i) ar shóethaib that he slay him not on account of grievances, Críth G. 582 . beim fácaib feith fo s.¤ (i.e. injures a sinew), Laws iii 360.22 Comm . imain i cathaig saetha `driving (cattle) into a diseased cow-house', v 138.14 . ni bia doib s.¤ na galar, PH 6910 . fada a ghúbha re saoth searc `with aching love', ML 22.11 . brocach cech s.¤ , Ériu ix 47 § 20 . nathir ron gáel . . . | donrat fri s.¤ tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba dín [ar] sóethu, LB 258b62 . Críost liom fri gach saoth, Ériu iv 236.13 . ni airechdais s.¤ na pein, Ériu ii 142 § 154 . cuthach dobheir saoth ar slúaghaibh which brings suffering to multitudes, BNnÉ 147.y . ba fochann soeth (.i. ba hadbar galair), Leb. Gab.(i) i 272.18 . nach duine co n-ainimh no co ngalar . . . dicuiridh a shoethu dhe, Ériu ii 116 § 50 . ba mór saéth (of Colum Cille's austerities), BCC 440.12 = Keat. iii 1642 . diamad do shoeth no galar no dhighsed if he has died of disease or illness, Marco P. 51 .

As pred. with cop.: is s.¤ limm I am sorry, grieve: ro bói som i ngalar et ropo sáith libsi ón, Wb. 23d11 . i[s] sáeth rem' chride, LU 3574 ( SCC 29 ). ba mor soeth la hUltu inni sin, IT i 143.6 . rosáeth linni do bithsiu for uisciu, LU 6051 = TBC-I¹ 1579 . sāeth lim-sa an ainīarmairt | bīas dōib, ZCP viii 209.17 . is saoth . . . lind an gniomh donither, x 278.17 . can ni is s.¤ re nech dib, Laws ii 362.10 Comm . soeth leam nach e an cuingidh . . ., MR 286.16 . saoth lemsa Aodh . . . | anocht i gcrích comuidhig, O'Gr. Cat. 451.10 . saoth liom-sa é gan oighre, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 31 . With proleptic poss. pron.: ba már a saéth la Deichtire díth a daltai, IT i 138.12 (LU) = ba s.¤ mor la D. . . . a dalta do ecib, 27 (Eg.). is s.¤ dom: is sáeth . . . dam nách accim in gilla, LU 6116 ( om., TBC-I¹, see p. 61 n. 7 ). saoth don ghaisgedh . . . Domnoll (the death of) D. is a loss to chivalry, O'Gr. Cat. 444.13 . Cf. mo shaoth a chaomchorp i gcróchar, Keat. Poems 191 .

Compd. ¤galar: dosficed sár sáeth-galair `sore disease', Metr. Dinds. iii 428.32 .

serc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. serc or dil.ie/37233
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: Searc

n ā, f. A dependent gen. is usually objective but object may in later lang. be introduced by DO ( Fél. Prol. 148 , Stair Erc. 1140 , PBocht 5.34 ); also once with FOR ( Stair Erc. 1169 ). Described by GOI § 721 as `vb.n. of caraid (cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 677 ) but see GOI p. 683 (Translators' Notes 157 ) ; see also Stud. Celt. ii 92 .

love (both sacred and profane): mór in ts.¤ condechuith in crucem pro nobís, Wb. 22b11 . cid intain ronmoitsem ní bo ar seirc móidme, 17a13 . s.¤ dáe dúibsi et far s.¤ si do dia gl. caritas Dei, 18b21 . móa léu sercc a tuile quam dei, 30c11 . coro fessid méit for serce lemsa gl. ut sciatis quam caritatem habeam habundantius in uobís, 14d16 . is uisse a sercc dorat mór di maid duún it is proper to love Him, 4b10 . húise a ṡ.gl. amandus, Sg. 59b5 . amal as n-ed as moam s.¤ linnai adchotadsam triar saithar saindiles, Ml. 92c5 . arnach corathar i mmoth ┐ machthad dia seirc ┐ dia n-accubur, 68b9 . combad cutrummae frisin seirc rocar Crist inn eclais, 65d5 . inna sercae gl. affectionis, 53c10 . nī bu ūarach im ṡeirc Dé (of St. Brigid) Thes. ii 332.2 ( Hy. v ). s.¤ mór do Macc Maire `great love for Mary's Son', Fél. Prol. 148 . ar ṡeirc ríg ro charsat (rocarsat, rotcarsat, v.ll.) `for affection towards the King whom they have loved', May 8 . foruigenai dia Coimdid itir homoint ┐ abstainit . . . ┐ seirc nDé ┐ chomnesom, Trip.² 247 . do s.¤ am anmuin, do grad im craidhe (a prayer), Ériu ii 90 § 12 . ro char sercc tecmuis, RC iii 345.4 . ní frith luth seirce sóerligi | . . . conom thicse, LU 8328 (rhetoric). as descaid serci sírsilliud, 10728 . fo chosmailius Con Culaind ┐ ara seirc for love of him, 3260 ( SCC 5 ). ro charas tusai ┐ tucus seircc ┐ inmaine duit, IT i 120.23 ( TE 5 ). is grád do macalla | mo grad-sae, ┐ mo ṡercc ┐ m'inmaine dontí da tucus, 124.21 ( TE 9 ). miscais in chenntuir s.¤ ind altair `hatred of this world, love of the world to come', Ériu vii 138 § 1d . do urail a seirci fuirre `to press his love upon her', Laws v 294.z Comm . na ba machtad la nech comdire don[a] athlaechuib . . . mad beith dia seirc la Dia ┐ di met a saethair, iv 366.19 . is mac faosma ar searc `adopted from affection', 288.y Comm . altrumu seirce cen iarraith `fosterage of affection without fosterage-fee', ii 168.z (glossed: in taltruma do ni nech ar se[i]rc (sic leg.?). asbertsi frimsa dombérad seirc mblíadnai damsa, TBFr. 334 . ar met a seirci leis for the love he bore her, ZCP xiii 262.17 . fer díb cech lái fri seirc sét | dia ṅgeilt is dia lan-chomét, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.19 (`to guard the stock from sickness'). ? g pl. fada a ghúbha re saoth searc (: righfheart), ML 22.11 . ba eth as[c]nam isin flaith | . . . | in ri berus breit[h] for cach, | a s[h]erc ┐ a omun, MacCarthy 134.g . impait o sheircc in domain-sea forab airchindech diabul, PH 7118 . is e ro-mid ar nefní na huli ar mét serci Crist occe, 1674 . tanic s.¤ ┐ sirinmaine doib innd fir robai ar echtra, TTebe 223 . cuiridh Íosa . . . | briocht seirce san té thoghas `the charm of attractiveness', Aithd. D. 37.3 . la truma a seirci for E., Stair Erc. 1169 . co roibhe s.¤ siradhbul aigi do[n] mnai, 1140 . dá bhrígh budh dleacht dúnn | searc do rígh na ríogh, PBocht 5.34 . i mbeirt chumhadh | do sheirc Iarla Urmhumhan, Aithd. D. 36.7 . dáil a seirce `the bestowal of her love', TD 29.17 . tibhre seirce 'na silleadh `a smile of love', 13.8 . searc mná Ír dhuit, Aoidh, ná léig a bhfaill, 35.1 . g s. used attributively: ic torrachtain lennain ┐ mna serce `lady-love', RC xiii 222.38 . do thuit a dleacht-scéimh sheirce | dá gnúis álainn inniolta, Keat. Poems 1121 .

As the name of a group of tales: mad ferr lat . . . fisi ┐ serca ┐ sluagid, Anecd. ii 45.20 . Serc Crede do Canann mac Gartnain, 46.3 . As npr. Searc (a hound's name), Oss. iv 20.13 .

a beloved person or thing (cf. sainṡerc): asbert Findabair iarum ba hē a céts., TBC-I¹ 2914 . is tusa mo cedghradh-sa ┐ s.¤ mo chridhe, Stair Erc. 525 . a shearc m' anma (to the Trinity), Aithd. D. 70.1c . clereach gen ni | ni searc ri neach, IT iii 84 § 76 . ? To this: airer sula s.¤ , O'Dav. 178 .

Compds. ¤ball: Aigi sáir co serc-ballaib `of the love-spots', Metr. Dinds. ii 66.16 . ¤betha: mór mo shúil ré sheirc-bheathaidh `delightful life' (sc. in Heaven), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . ¤bla: fria serc-bla sláin `loved spot', Metr. Dinds. iv 84.63 . ¤blad: ar bar serc-blaid sír-éistid `loved fame', iii 16.192 . hi flaith Nechtain . . . | co serc-blaid co sith-rúin, 218.30 . Damairne co serc-blaid sain, 282.71 . ¤brath loving betrayal (?): gabhaim oram mar iúl ghlan | senchus bhur sean do dhearbhadh, | dar searcbhrath séd mo sheisi | san séd shearcach shuirgheisi, L. Cl. A. B. 277.143 . ¤chluthair (see clithar, Meyer Contribb.): suadhach shámhghlan shármhaith shearc-cluthair (of a fair woman), Hackett xii 11 . ¤ṡiur a loving sister : brathar duit M. | sercsiur duit in mathair dan mac, Cog. 122.6 .

In adjj. derived from nouns: ¤gnásach: n pl. serc[g]nasai boairec `a 'bōaire''s favourites (?)', BCrólige 54 . ¤thnúthach desirous of love (?): do charas tar aon an Déirdre dheagh-ghnúiseach | . . . shaor-ghlan shearc-thnúthach, Keat. Poems 63 (`love-envious, exciting envious love', Glossary).

sluicid, slocaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sluicid, slocaid or dil.ie/38006

v Subj. pres. 3 s. perfective arnách róllca, Wb. 14d21 . swallows, engulfs : slogait nanní do uisciu do-da-ic `they swallow whatever water comes to them', Ml. 123d3 . ro-slogeth gl. absorpta est, Wb. 13d24 . amal sluces a n-adnacul n-ersoilcthe ní téte ind, Ml. 22b1 . arnách róllca derchoiniud `lest despair swallow him up', Wb. 14d21 . ro lluic in talam inna dí arracht déacc co n-icci a cinnu, Trip.² 1013 . sloicsitt in maic na gemai, 598 . sloicsi in talam sís terra eum deglutire coepit, Lat. Lives 45 . condo sloicsidhe lassin dig bai isin lestur, TE² 24.18 . in tan ba n-olc a menma no slocad indala suil conna roched corr inna chind, LU 3261 ( SCC 5 ). an tan éirghid . . . rabharta na mara . . . timcheall luinge . . . go sloigthear í mar aon réna fuirinn, TSh. 2080 . sluigid go coitchionn gach ní do shásuigheas a nanmhiana, Donlevy xix 16 . co sluigeadh ┐ co sirchagnadh dara craes `so that she might constantly chew and swallow', TTebe 906 . is mór an grád dhuid ar dhuine | nach sluig an lár uile inn, Aithd. D. 70.9 .