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áesmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áesmar or dil.ie/655
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o, ā (1 áes) aged: admuiniur secht n-ingena / dolbte snāthi macc n-āesmar `who fashion the threads of the sons of long life', Misc. Hib. 19.26 = IT iii 53.10 . cemad aesmar a fiacail, O'Curry 732 ( H 3.18, p. 350 ). intan rob arrsaid ┐ rob aesmur . . . he, BB 236a43 . o'tcuala . . . an lánamhain n-áesmair sin do theacht, Irish Texts iii 15 § 5 . Of age, adult: do ṡnadhmad re araili a meic ┐ a n-ingena . . . intan ba haesmhur iat, Marco P. 124 . i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar, DDána 105.23 . ó nách aosmhar le cómrach . . . sinn, CF Eg. 253 . Of status, venerable : da bádur ... go fíraenda forus[ta] aesmhar do rér an tseanrachta 'they were ... righteous, steadfast and venerable, obedient to the Old Law', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 193 § 41.1 . Compar. an drong rob aésmaire dibh, Stair Erc. 2364 . Superl. in caingin is aosmaire aimsir of longest standing, O'Curry 1615 (RIA 23 Q 6, p. 6a-b).

As subst. veteran (cf. arsaid ): ollbaige uathmara na naesmar `the fearsome battle-cries of the veterans', Ériu viii 36.1 .

airsid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airsid or dil.ie/2400

 

x see arsaid , -echt.

1 anarsaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anarsaid or dil.ie/3367

 

( arsaid ) adj young: don mhac óg anarsaidh, TSh. 5030 . an macaómh óg anarrsaidh, Ériu v 182.331 . ger-b anarrsaid ar n-ais, TTebe 1545 .

2 anarsaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 anarsaid or dil.ie/3368

 

( arsaid ) adj very old: didnighteóir na ndaoine n-eccruaidh n-anarsaidh (anarracht, -ach, v.l.), BNnÉ 231 § 142 .

arsacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arsacht or dil.ie/50043
Last Revised: 2019

 

n ( arsaid ) old age : ar tte[a]cht go háois arsachta 'having reached old age', Ériu lxiii 58 § 34 . Cf. arsaidecht​.

arsadaigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arsadaigidir or dil.ie/4285

 

Forms: arsadaigfith

v ( arsaid ) grows old: arsadaigfith gl. ueterescet, Ml. 69b4 . Cf. arsaidid.

arsaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arsaid or dil.ie/4287

 

Forms: arrsaid, ársaid, airsid, airseda, airsid, airsidi, airsida, airsigha, arsighe, ársaide, airsed, áirsidh, -edh, -idh, -idhe, -idhedh, -edh

adj i. Also arrsaid, ársaid , airsid.

I Old, ancient, aged: ni sin chomairbirt arsid gl. non in uetustate literae, Wb. 3c17 . innar rith arsidni gl. in nostro uetere curriculo, Sg. 108b3 . arsaidh sin a eoúin Accla thou art old o bird of Achill, Anecd. i 24 § 1 . Cf. O'R. Poems s.v. arsaighim . at arrsaig sin samlaid so thou art venerable, Ériu iv 134.21 . tricha cet airech n-a.¤ , LL 19532 . roslen . . . cosin nómad nó n-a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 130.88 . 'ar mbeith dho isan aois ársa[id], SG 16.13 . óg a aois arsaidh a fhos, O'Hara 3483 . ag malairt ban ┐ fer, óg ┐ arrsaidh, Stair Erc. 2380 . ughdar ársuigh `ancient author', Donlevy 400.6 . atáid dá Scotia ann, a haon díobh atá ársaidh . . . an dara . . . atá nua, Keat. ii 5894 . in t-eideth arrsaid, ZCP vi 88.29 . fa Mhúr n-arsaidh n-Úghoine, DDána 92.6 . combrudh arrsaidh `of long standing' (cause of rheumatism), Rosa Angl. 326.21 . fín g[lan], laidir, arrsaidh, 50.15 . Baidhbh . . . ag sléachtain dá arm arsaidh `well-tried', RC xlix 169 § 9 . co n-arm ágmar a.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 152.14 .

Compar. ua hairside, TTebe 1471 . do dhaoinibh is ársuighe ioná iad, Donlevy vi 4 .

II Subst. m. g s. airseda, TTebe 3294 . airsid, 2873 . n p. airsidi, TTebe 1493 . airsida, 4443 . airsigha, RC xi 319.y . arsighe, LL 405a7 . g p. ársaide, ML 64.25 . airsed, TTebe 4507 . áirsidh m. (g s. -edh, -idh. n p. -idhe. g p. -idhedh, -edh), IGT Decl. § 52 .

Aged person, patriarch, veteran: riagol arside gl. agnotorum, Sg. 178a2 . áinsid . . . cetni diil la arsidi, 91b4 . la arsaidi, 75b2 . la dligeda arside of the ancients, 207a2 . iar n-arsidib `according to the ancients', 57b1 . senchas iar n-arsathaib, LU 481 . gan dul óig uadh ná arsaidh, Dán Dé xvii 25 . dá mbuaile teasbach grinn áirsiodh uallach . . . `if some eccentric fit should seize upon a bully', Ó Bruad. ii 22.2 . As general laudatory term warrior, hero, champion: airsid Eorpa (of a chief), Bruchst. i 13 § 23 . ársid imdegla Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 1668 . cauraid ┐ arsidi catha, Ériu iv 24 § 11 . a n-ársídhe urgaile, TTr.² 1079 . nert loech ┐ áirsed, LB 129b42 . int arsich engnuma Accíon, TTebe 2905 . rug tóir trom . . . ar an áirsidh, AFM v 1756.1 . arsaidh cródha brave champion, DDána 102.11 . lán d'airsidhibh iorghaile, Butler Poems 776 .

Cf. forsaid.

? ar-said

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ar-said or dil.ie/4288

 

v (saidid)

(a) sits before: arsaid cach n-áth conid día thuil targlaí he holds every ford(?), LU 8312 ( FB 23 ).

(b) Perh. also in follg. in sense of stays, remains, accumu- lates: acht arsuig foigelt fo miad nairme ┐ re .i. tairisig fogelt . . . but grazing remains (as payment ?) according to number . . ., Laws ii 76.13 . ar saigh deste .i. tairisigh in tiruairsi the remainder remains(?), O'Curry 2716 ( Eg. 88, 60b ) = arsaidh deastui dileas .i. tairisidh aice in tiruairside na dechaid i lobadh don athgabail coro hicthar fogeltadh tar a cenn, 683 (H 3.18, 332). fosuid cach aititiu; adsuidet foluid rudrad cach ronaidm . . . ar said aititiu, Laws iii 10.9 . Cf. ar-saig, ar-suidi, ad-suidi, ar-sissedar.

arsaidecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arsaidecht or dil.ie/4289

 

Forms: airsidecht

n [ā, f.] ( arsaid ). Also airsidecht.

(a) old age, great age; state of growing old: arsaighecht gan crapha old age without piety, Ériu v 140.y . in-aimsir do sheanórdhachta nó th'arsaidheachta, TSh. 165 . re narsud[echt] ┐ re faidi a naimsiri, Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.19 . ro mhaoluighedar a ingne le h-ársuigheacht (of a bird), Celt. Rev. x 142.28 . on a [a]rrsaigecht fen (of the sea), Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.4 . is inchreidte dhó an ársaidheacht atáa ann (of Irish history), Keat. i 80.22 . an oigi gan airsidecht growing old, RC xxviii 322 § 49 . rachfuid . . . a narrsuigheachd, Isaiah 19 .

(b) inveteracy (in sin): léicess uad a.¤ a thol collaide, PH 4619 .

(c) state of being a veteran in war, skill in war acquired by long practice; military prowess (see Éigse iii 205 ): ro airig C. airsidhecht muintire Poimp, CCath. 5712 . tre airsidheact na n-anradh, 5893 . gan airsideacht 'na urchuraib `no prowess in his casts', TTebe 3184 . a airsighecht erradh, ZCP vi 44.6 . o t'connairc in Dubloingeas airsideacht Oillella `heroism', Celt. Rev. iv 22 note m . in gach eigindal ┐ fri gach airsidecht `in every feat of valour', Stair Erc. 1350 .

arsaidid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arsaidid or dil.ie/4290

 

v ( arsaid ) grows old: ni sunna ro arsaighes `it was not here I grew old', BNnÉ 79 § 153 . ní arsaigenn an géin mharas, RC xxiv 376.13 . mo mhúnadh . . . gur arsaidheas níor iarr mé, A. Ó Dálaigh li 2 . roarsaig ┐ ro urchraid in chairt, Fen. 392.6 . in trath arrsaidis i.e. when the disease lasts, Rosa Angl. 320.22 .

Vn. ar n-arrsugud dhamh 'na dhiaigh, Anecd. i 39.1 . budh frithir í ar n-arsughadh, PBocht 89.22 . náire an t-olc ar n-arrsughadh, IGT Decl. ex. 19 .

arsatae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arsatae or dil.ie/4296
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj io, iā ( arsaid )

I Old, ancient: autentica .i. arsata, Sg. 65a16 . arsatib gl. authenticis, Thes. ii 26.39 (BCr.). A.¤ uasal arsata, TTebe 3768 . ficabull . . . arsata `ancient fig-tree', ZCP xvii 229.30 . in recht arsata, PH 487 . isna laithib arsataib, YBL 153a49 . togaire iat isin saíre n-arsata i mbátar for tús ria n-imbarbus 'you summon them to the pristine freedom they had in the beginning before transgression', Stair Nic. 92.236 .

II As subst. arsate gl. antiquarius, Sg. 218b3 . arsatai na mBreatan, BB 207b27 . do reir arsata `according to the ancients', BCrólige 5 gl. 1 . on chomailt doberdis na harsata forsna claro ciartha, Auraic. 1757 = arsanta, 4946 . o scribendaib na n-arsata, Anecd. iii 64.12 . do rer na n-arsata, Laws v 84.11 Comm. do réir na n-ársatan, FS Derolez 7.37 . mad iar narsataib na nGoidel according to the antiquaries of the G., RC xlvi 240.8 . ro scribad . . . a catha . . . ┐ a narsata `their antiquities', IT iii 199 § 57 .

Cf. arsanta.

arsidán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arsidán or dil.ie/4309

 

Forms: a.

n dimin. of arsaid : a.¤ gl. uetulus, Sg. 47a14 .

arsidetu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arsidetu or dil.ie/4310

 

n t, m. ( arsaid ) antiquity: as maam roṡechestar arsidetaid, Sg. 208b15 .

ar-suidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-suidi or dil.ie/4320

 

v (a) ar a deni ┐ ar a ani in charpait ┐ ind erred arid suided and who was placed in the warrior's seat(?), LU 10179 (or to be referred to the compd. ar-said and translated who sat in front?).

(b) makes terms, settles conditions, stipulates: arsuid trichu mbuair berur, Laws ii 134.12 `es bedingt, dass 30 Rinder genommen werden', Bürgschaft 78 = arsaigh trichat bo berur, Laws ii 132.18 Comm. arsuidi slan do giallaib gaibtur, 136.4 = arsaid , O'Curry 825 (H 3.18, 379) `es bedingt Entschädigung an die Geiseln, die gefasst werden', Bürgschaft 78 . Cf. ar-saig.

1 díthre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 díthre or dil.ie/16903

 

adj feeble, spent, exhausted: intan rop arsaid dall dithre Isacc, LB 113b36 , cf. YBL 62a48 . rob' arrsaid . . . ┐ robo dall ┐ robo ditri he, BB 236a44 . rop dítre hé i ngalur, Moling 61 . corbat dithre acht bec well-nigh spent (by illness), SG 325.14 . d.¤ mo thúath truagamar, Ériu v 210 . secht mbliadna dona ditri derdubacha sterile , BB 238a46 .

étmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. étmar or dil.ie/20881

 

Forms: edmur, eudbur

adj o-ā jealous: edmur (gl. zelotypus) Ir. Gl. 635 . a fhir éadmhair 'ga mbí bean, Dánta Gr. 92.1 . eudbur TBC-LL¹ 40 v.l. (étaid LL). is Dia éudmhar mé, Deuteronomy v 9 . ata Dia eudbhar agus ni hait leis aonni dh'onorughadh acht é fein amha[i]n, Luc. Fid. 217.9 . is mise do Thighearna éadmhar, TSh. 5344 (=zelotes). With fri (re) of pers. or th.: red chlú is édmar gach arsaid all champions are envious of thy fame O'Gr. Cat. 376.7 . atáim éudmhar ribh re héud diadha (ζηλ ὑμς), 2 Cor. xi 2 . is é.¤ limm I am jealous: as eudbhar le Dia a nonoir dlighthear dho féin...do thabhairt dh'aoinni oile, Luc. Fid. 217.11 . ba hetmar imthnuthach leo mar nach ffuaratar a imchor they were jealous...that they were not allowed to carry it Fl. Earls 190.1 . Of an action: fionghal éadmhar, Atlantis iv 118.36 .

festid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. festid or dil.ie/21797

 

Forms: festige

n Cf. fetsed ? m. a residuary legatee, heir (?): feistidh no deisti [cf. nach dilius daghrath desti na flatha, Laws ii 270.16 ] .i. tiruairsi no comarba fil dia eis in fir mairb, ... ar is cach feistidh fiach frisgni marbfolta , O'Dav. 896 (`it would seem that festid meant, 1. what English lawyers call a personal representative, and 2. the debts due to the deceased,' Stokes ad loc. Plummer renders tiruairsi no c. ` what is left either in the way of things or persons.' The quot. cach f.¤ , etc. is fr. Bretha Nemed: diba cin la cintach maine ragbaither iar nēcaib ind; ma rogaibther, arsaid aithgin ... acht is gach festi fiachach frisgni marbfolta do gnimu gua. quodcuimci ligaveris super terram , etc., O'D. 2225 ). pl. ni mesech in flaith doniupra a festige the lord is not competent to defraud his inheritors ZCP xv 249.1 = Laws ii 212.20 (glossed: na tiruarsi), quoted by O'Dav. 1257 (feistide) with gl.: feissti .i. tiruairsi.

forsaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forsaide or dil.ie/23894

 

n , f. constancy, firmness (Thurn., ZCP xviii 402 ); wisdom, discretion, experience (?); the notion of old age seems present in some exx., cf. arsaid : a fis, a forus, a forsaide, Ériu iv 162 § 24 . tria ḟostai, tria thoi, tria forsadi ZCP xii 363.31 . cona ndeghindscib suadh ... a himat forsaighe, Anecd. v 26 n. 21 . Fenius Farrsaid .i. ar med robai fis na farrsaighi oga, BB 252a27 . As attrib.: raith forsaigi fine (.i. in trebuire tairismech biss don finechaire, in bo-airi is fearr) a reliable (?) surety Laws v 340.19 ; 342.10 (transl. `a surety who sues his tribe' as if = for-saig (see Thurn. l.c., and Bürgschaft p. 53 ). sendliged forrsaide sine sencuimne `an old right of remission, older than the memory of the old' (taking sine = siniu), Laws v. 450.4 (Thurneysen questions this rendering, Bürgschaft p. 53 , but cf. his addendum, ZCP xviii 402 ). Cf. forrsaidhe .i. scaileadh ... is lais na senaibh coiméd int sencusa ┐ a ḟorrsaidhe for cach, Ériu xiii 71 (for gl. here cf. forsatu).

2 imm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 imm or dil.ie/27636

 

Forms: imm[e]cal

used as an intensive prefix. Rare in O. Ir. Becomes very common in Early Mod. Ir. Sometimes appears to add little or nothing to the meaning of the word. It is used with (a) adjectives, (b) nouns, and (c) verbs.

(a) With adjectives: ¤acher very keen: imscoich ┐ imacher a gnímrad in gillai `very cutting and very keen were the deeds of the lad,' Ériu iv 30.1 . ¤adbal very huge, very vast; very great: as mé Concopur ... for loch Eachach iomadhbhal, TFrag. 98.4 . ar fut Hérenn imaidble, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.14 . aitcesair eill imadhbail, KZ xxxiii 82.36 . for esrassaib imáidble in díthrib, LB 129a47 . As a personal epithet: rop hí in chóiced ben bladmar | Etar étrocht imadbal `Etar the splendid and stately,' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.44 . mór do algib imaidbli ┐ do trenḟeraib tréna `many huge heroes,' TTr. 1137. ¤aebda very beautiful: for arddaib imaebda na hAthaine, TTr. 1147. ¤aesta very aged: ar ráthuibh iomaosta Erenn, MS. Mat. 579.16 . ¤aicbéil very dreadful: alad uroslaicthi imaicbeil `gaping awful wound,' MR 300.3 . ¤aimréid very rough: carracbenna sliaph n-urard n-imaimreidh, CCath. 3804. ¤airdirc very conspicuous, very visible: cathir imairdirc imthend (of Tara), LL 28b16 . ¤álainn very beautiful: Brian mac Echach imáloinn, SG 332.23 . assai immálli, TTr. 1039. ¤amnas very fierce, very harsh: rechmi cath n-imrind n-imda n-imamnas, LU 3423 (rhetoric). dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616. in beist imamnas, 1130 . hóglaochrad imamnus, Anecd. ii 72.18 . bir chruaid fir imamnuis, Anecd. ii 66.16 . batar airrechtaig imámnais a n-airrig, Alex. 636. As subst. it he in so ceithre immamnas imdegla ┐ dirig ratha, Bürgschaft 25 § 68. ¤ard very high: slíab Lecga ... cid imard ní himdorcha, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.20 . rahimthescad andsain fidbad immard imremur, TTr. 126. corrbrōga imarda imthechta, ZCP xiii 168.11 . gus in aitheach nán niomard, Duan. F. i 41.15 . As subst. co himard an flaithis, De Contemptu 160 § 80 n. z . ¤ arsaid very old: Ericto aingidh imarsaidh, CCath. 4314. in mucc úathmar immarsaid `the loathly long-lived pig,' Metr. Dinds. iii 158.8 . ¤athlam very dexterous, very nimble: ilar nathrach n-imathlam, SR 896. dorigni firt n-imathlam, 5354 . atá sund Carn uí Chathbath | fors' rimred arm imathlam `against whom a nimble weapon was wielded,' Metr. Dinds. iv 30.2 . Adv.: túargab a lam co immathlam darís, TBC-LL¹ 1998. tarraid C. cruadlann a claidim co himathlam `expertly,' MR 300.22 . ¤chaín very lovely: do luidh ... Fergus fó chonghraim imchain, O'Curry 1307 (< H 3.18, p. 603a ). drumslaitt na heclisi imchaine, LB 121a2 . ¤choimse very convenient ?, closely fitting ?: ro gabh a corrc[h]athbarr ... cona remartinnib imcoimsib dib remartinnib imcoimsib, CCath. 4696. cuarsciath cona sciathrach imcoimsi, 5313 . ¤chrúaid very hard, difficult: madh áil daibh eolus imchruaidh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 66.13 . ¤dána very bold, intrepid: caeca brat, is breath chána | do righ Ailigh imdhána, Leb. Cert. 124.8 . ¤dánach very gifted ?: la sluag n-imdanach angel `with a gifted (?) host of angels,' ACC 172.14 . ¤dlúith very close, very compact, very firm: ro gab dá asan imdluithi iarainn, CCath. 4667. lúrech imdlúith umaide, TTr. 1855. (liburni) cosna seolchrannaib imdlúithi imremra anfólli uasaib, 1410 . ¤doilig, ¤duilig very difficult; placed in a very difficult position: cid hí ind ascid imduilig `though that is the hard request,' Metr. Dinds. iii 340.48 . Adv. atusa co hiomdoiligh uime sin, TBC-LL¹ p. 163 n. 8 . ¤domain very deep: ra gabastar a ḟuathbróic n-imdangin n-imdomain n-iarnaide, TBC-LL¹ 3729. co ndernai ocian imdomain ... don conair for a n-imthigthis na catha, CCath. 2639. an cholann do chor i n-uaimh iomdhomhain, TSh. 1108. As subst. utmost depth: atconncadur na tri fiaich a fudomain (himdhomain v.l.) in mara, Acall. 7058 v.l. fo indtamail [na] curach gnáthaigther ... imdoimnibh srotha Níl, CCath. 2381. ar aillib ┐ ar im-doimnib an aigēin, ML² 701. ó 'dchonncadar an ród réidh | tre iomdhomhain an aigéin, DDána 74 § 3. rosuiged ┐ rosluiged a rosc ... in n-imdomain a cind, TTebe 201 . i n-iomdhomhain ifrinn, TSh. 928. ¤dochar. As subst. a very rough place: rocoraiged ar forbaib ┐ ar ferannaib iat ... ar imdocraib imfuara ┐ ar cairgib cenngarba, Ériu viii 8.11 . ¤dorcha very dark: rosgab gráin ... frisin tech n-óbéla n-oslacthi n-imdorcha, MacCongl. 15.6 . tír ... ainmin accarb imdorcha, CCath. 3803. inn uam[h]annaip imdorcaibh ṡlebhe Peil, 5632 . retlanda ... inna haidchi imdorcha, TTebe 26 7. ? To this: nī rubai Cuchulaind nech itir na Sailiu Imdoirchi (imdorthi, v.l. LU) i crich Conailli, TBC-I¹ 858. As subst. a dark place: do chuadar lena gcreachaib a ndiamraibh ocus a nimmdhorchaib dá nimchumdach, ALC ii 244.4 . ¤dub very dark, entirely black: costecht ... slúagad n-ímdub, TBC-LL¹ 202. ar biastaib ilardaib | imdubaib imthennaib | ticed domm imdegail, LU 1173. Metaph. very malignant: iodhna beoil, gan aoir niomdhuibh | iodhna fhoghlama gan ghes, MS. Mat. 576.11 . ¤ecal greatly afraid, very fearful: imm[e]cal gl. pauidus, Ml. 58b7 . ba himecail (himecal, v.l. LU) imorro int ara colléic, TBC-I¹ 635. gerva himegoil lais na tairnge as mo ro-vamnaigh tvitim isin loch, Aisl. Tond. 100 § 2. bátir immecal-som (imeaglaigh-sium, imeclai-sium, v.ll.) oc aicsin ind ní-sin, RC ix 480.6 . rop imecul in trét, PH 6723. ba himeccal laissiumh aittreabh ettorra, BNnÉ 87.6 . ba himecul leo a mbiad fen do thinad uadib, LB 157a27 .

¤eclach

(a) very fearful, very timorous: na bid uamnaig imeclaig, SR 4830. a beith meta ocus a beit[h] immecclac[h] `cowardly and timorous,' CCath. 4447. con[a] puplaibh imeclach[a] `to the terrified peoples,' 365 . batar imeclaigh iar n-aicsin an neich adcondcatar, RC i 466.13 . go bhfuilid na fir chogaidh imeaglach, Jeremiah li 32. guth imeclach eccruaidh `a frightened feeble voice,' Stair Erc. 383. Adv. ro imthigh roime co himeclach, ib. 1915 . roerig Ethiocles co haduathmar aindsclech imeclach, TTebe 640 .

(b) causing fear, terrible: tárfás fís imeclach, uathfásach dó, CCath. 1453. Adv. atreachtatar íarum lucht na cathrach co húathmar ┐ co himeclach, TTr.² 1871.

¤éscaid very quick, very alert: rucatar sidhi arnaid athlum imēsgaid, Fianaig. 88.12 . Adv. luidh go hathlamh imésccaidh, AFM v 1314. 15 . ¤eslán very unwell: do bói ... imeslán a haithle na scethrach, Acall. 7175. ¤étromm very light (lit. and metaph.): gebid in rí a ḟiallgud n-imétrom n-imthechta immi, TBC-LL¹ 966. rogab sciamh-luirig nimetruim, CCath. 4680. roráidhis, a Eorann oll | aithesg álainn iméttrom, BS § 32 . Adv. ro lenait e ... co imetrum, Cog. 190.4 . ¤ḟann very weak: ní léim nimḟann, Fél. Dec. 31. As subst. a very weak person: is e noshoerad na bochtu ┐ na hamhfhanna o cumhachtaibh an tsaeguil, Lism. L. 4890. ¤ḟartail very mighty ?: tucsad cend Dornmáir dhaltaidh | is Innasclaind imḟartail `they brought the head ... of imperious Indascland,' Metr. Dinds. iv 300.x . ¤(ḟ)ocus, ¤acus very near, very close, neighbouring: nipu immaccus in taidrius `not very near was the return,' Wb. 18d5 . is imḟocus etruinn cen[i] iman-aci duind, IT ii2 190.2 . fidbuid āluinn imfoccus impe do cach leith, Ériu i 39 § 3. it immaicsi na fuli dobertatar ḟort, TBC-LL¹ 4349. immaicse (iomḟoigse, v.l.) taithlig `ever ready for an excuse,' Tec. Corm. § 16.24 . ? cletha im[m]aicsi cen sēna, ZCP viii 195 § 9. Tond Tuaige Tond Rudraighe | nídat imfoiccsi a n-airde, Anecd. ii 24 § 16. oc na righuibh imfhoicsi `at the neighbouring kings,' Marco P. § 178. ro athchuirset da urchur imfhoiccsi fhir-dhirge eturru, MR 254.16 . Compar. da roiset ann anmcharait | bat imḟoicsi do Dia, Acall. 2616. As subst. nearness, neighbourhood: in fuil uisci a n-imfogus duin, Acall. 1547. is annsin atconncadur férbrug gabala ind imoccus dóib, 4179 . luidh co teach bai i nimfogus na cathrach, Ériu v 122.53 . ro bo cinti crīch i mbethaid i n-imḟogus dóib, Fianaig. 92 § 38. ¤gairit very short: delan ... ┐ ráe imgairit as `a very short rope (?) out of it,' CCath. 4100. ¤gann very confined, very spare: i nIffurn huathmar imgann, SR 934 . i ṅglinn Iosophath imgann, 2006 . bai in bangleo nar' imgann, 3078 . Galión fir na n-orb n-imgand, LL 7a51 . cath Gabra ... ollgus imgand, mebaid ria Fergus `a rare achievement,' Arch. Hib. ii 60 § 18 ( LL 182b41 ). int húath imgann `the lean spectre,' Ériu iv 102.1 . Adv. lá d'Ossín ... inna chumriuch co himgand `in rigid bondage,' Metr. Dinds. iii 248.82 . As subst. nírb é in t-imgand ar ernmass `he was no shirker in the mêlée,' Metr. Dinds. iii 244.34 . ¤garb very rough: slabraidh imgarba iarnaidhe, CCath. 2658. As subst. druimní suithe ... atat da ernail furre .i. imgharbh ┐ anaichnídh, is é so in timgharbh (of metres), IT iii 96.2 . ¤garg very fierce: rochrochad ... do lāmaib Eigius imgairg, Ériu iii 194 § 4. mac Eris uallaich imgairg, BB 229b51 . ¤gel very white, very fair: cach conair dolluid in ben | moslúi in t-usce úar imgel `the cold white water followed,' Metr. Dinds. iii 30.70 . genair o Echtaig imgil, LL 28b50 . mac sin Cainche imghile, Duan. F. i 92.z . ¤gér very sharp, very keen: (scíath) cona bil áithgéir ailtnidi imgéir, LU 6431. manaois mhór ... uilleannach imghéar, CRR² § 26. ¤gerr very short: Aodh imgerr, BNnÉ 254 § 212 . at-condarc-sa triar ... co pudrallaib imgerra urardda, MU² 773. doríne tri hoirdne imgerra dhe, Acall. 1920 v.l. ¤glan very pure, very bright: tri ingena imglana, SR 6520. Étar étrocht imghlan `bright radiant Etar,' Metr. Dinds. iv 264.17 . a clerig ... mac ... meic lemnachtai immglain `son of pure new milk,' MacCongl. 33.19 . ¤glicc very clever, very cunning: ba fond n-orddnide n-imglicc, LL 28b3 . batar amais ana imglicca, Alex. 3. ¤glinne (see 1 glinne) very secure: grecha a bretha ... brigach n-imglindi a chert (of a judge), ZCP xii 364.22 . is foc[h]en breth breithemun brighach nimglinde, O'D. 2212 (< Nero A vii, fo. 146b ). Feargus fergen imglinne, BB 278a2 .

¤grinn

(a) very pleasant: bennacht ... ar ingin Elcmair imgrind, Acall. 7241. iar feiss ri Meill n-imgil n-imgrind, MS. Mat. 489.12 ( LL 45b19 ). Dál nAruidhe uasal imghrinn, Keat. iii 1808.

(b) very strong, very fierce: ro marb Argatmár imgrind, Todd Lect. iii 180.2 . ropa ghníomh écóir imghrinn, SG 367.38 .

¤inóclach very fit for mating ?: dona mnaibh iminóglacha fuair se ar talamh, ZCP ii 292.6 . ¤ísel very lowly: int āes umal imísel, Ériu iii 30 § 6. do rugais é ... a mainnser imíseal inn aendaim ┐ an esail, Études Celt. i 83.21 . Adv. secretly: rothógaibh ... uimi ... co hétrom imísiol ` stealthily ,' BS § 57 .

¤lebar

(a) very long, very tall: imlebor gl. capillo intonso, Sg. 159a6 . cóica gilla n-óc n-aigḟind n-imlebur, LL 253a24 . úathud fri eit n-imlebair (.i. for Táin Bó Cúalṅgi), LU 10358. cóirtus hinair imlibáir `an arrangement of a very long tunic,' Goid. 65.6 . ulcha immlebur fair, PH 1491. ro coraigit aigi troisdi imlebra adbulmora, CCath. 2624. earball imleabhar, AFM iv 1080.12 .

(b) mobile, supple ?: rosc imlebur ina chind, Corm. 38.5 .

¤léimnech restive: nib ocheall nib imleimneach (of a horse), RC xlviii 331.12 (= O'Curry 1863 ). ¤lethan very broad: Aeneas ... fer imlethan aideadh-dherg, BB 427a50 . Uenerius ... imlethain imaird, TTr. 1180. ar an bhfhairge imleithin, Atlantis iv 168.10 . cathbharr ... cona sronlainn imlet[h]ain iarnaidhe, CCath. 5263. ¤lobar very weak, very sick: cumachtach, ciarbo himlobhar, Rawl. B 512, fo. 70d3 (< Plummer, MS. notes). As subst. a sick person: ba slán cech imlobor tarateged int uisce, Thes. ii 315.25 . ¤lomm very bare, bleak: do mes ilarda imlum `with abundant mast without husk,' SCC 515 ( LU 3705 ). fri gáith n-imluim n-errchaide `a bare Spring wind,' MacCongl. 63.9 . mur tsighi gaithi gere ... adhuaire imluime earraithe, ZCP x 298.16 . As subst. bareness, scarcity: tessbaidh etha (.i. gorta) di Maig Cuind, sé bliadna imluim (.i. tercai), ZCP xii 236 § 56. ¤lúath, ¤lúaith very swift: in trenḟer amnas imlúaith (: cruaich) (imluath, v.l.), ITS xli 234 § 24 . atractatar luathghoetha adhuarae imluatha, CCath. 4361. na haquili imluat[h]a ilbreca, 4927 . Adv. ag argain a chéile go hathlamh iomluath, TSh. 6641.

¤nár, ¤náir

(a) (in good sense) very bashful, modest; noble: Ioseph alainn imnar, SR 3314. dond aithiusc airdairc imnair, SR 4792. inmain óclách ard imnair, IT i 79.2 . doirb annir imnair (.i. in tan fegthar in doirb is i n-ichtur ind usci thed), LU 10255 (rhetoric). a óclaig uallaig imnair, FDG 368.

(b) (in bad sense) shameful: dacūaidh ... do marbudh Eōin gerb imnar `though it was shameful,' Ériu iv 180 § 40. ar med is imnair tuismíud clann fri coibhdhelcho, BB 278a15 . ba haimlesc ┐ ba himnár leis na braithribh ... im[ḟ]orrán catha atarru féin, CCath. 2294. imnár lais a corp tretholl ... d'faicsin do neoch, Lism. L. 2962. glár budh iomnáir d'aithris, Content. xx 12.

¤nárach

(a) noble: aen mhac Ailpin imnarach ` valorous ,' Leb. Cert. 226.10 .

(b) or bet (beit, v.l.) imnaraig ar oman etarscartha etarra abashed ? Anecd. ii 55.4 .

¤níabthach (níabad, vn. of níabaid) very provocative: ní hord aicnid imnīabthaig `es ist nicht eine Ordnung von aufreizender Natur,' Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 76 § 10.

¤omnach, ¤úamnach

(a) very afraid, very timid: na herbind immomnacha gl. timidi, Sg. 62a2a . imuamnach cach cintach, Tec. Corm. § 15.18 n. rois cobair Brighitt buadach | 'arsin nir bo himuaimhnach, BNnÉ 86 § 177. Adv. nī folāir do na huilip go ro oirichlit go hairecht imomhnach imchoimhētach in slige sin watchfully , Fl. Earls 158.2 .

(b) very fearful, fear-inspiring: ragat-sa ... a n-oilithri n-imúamnaigh, ZCP xii 392.4 . ¤réid very level . As subst. level country, plain: atait ... conara cumcca ettrat ocus inn imreidh, CCath. 4764.

¤réil very famous: imréil ... cach romag cach rodindgna `illustrious ... is every famous plain,' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.3 . tri mic Agnomain imréil, ZCP xiii 158.4 . ¤remar very stout, very thick: suisti imreamar iarnaighi, CF 680. co n-urnasc imremar iarnaidi air, MR 200.1 . fidbad immard imremur, TTr. 126. cosna seolchrannaib imdlúithi imremra, 1410 . frisna xii bairgin[e] imremra némdescdai, LB 146a57 .

¤rigin

(a) very tough, very stiff (lit. and fig.): is imrighin in tuath, Trip.² 2446. corrán d'iarann imrighim ina láimh, ITS i 72.8 . róindís ... na haithesca ímrighne, ZCP xx 181.11 .

(b) very slow: óna fuairthinghealltoibh imrighne ettarbhacha `slow unprofitable promises,' AFM vi 2140.22 . Adv. ag asccnámh co hionmall imrighin, Hugh Roe 302.14 .

¤ṡlán (imṡlán and imlán became confused in Mid. Ir., as their meanings are rather similar it is not always easy to distinguish between them).

(a) as an epithet quite healthy, quite whole, quite perfect: heirg isinn ethar n-imṡlan very safe , SR 2482. inn Affraic n-uasail n-imslain, SR 2658. usce eochargorm imṡlán, Acall. 3607. tricha bo findfergga | bat imlána óiderrga, LL 299a17 . cid mor cid bec no-chaithind bat imlana iat san beos, PH 514. Applied to persons: Hestra, Osse, Ohel án | ocus Abdias imlán, SR 7454. ordned Iacoib imslain, Gorm. Dec. 27. Englec ... lendán Oengussa imláin `the darling of perfect Oengus,' Metr. Dinds. iii 40.18 . a hingen ālaind imslān, ZCP viii 268 § 39. do chum [bheith] nar nduine iomṡlan, Ephesians iv 13. Compar. gilla iss ó ┐ iss imláne and-so andae, TBC-LL¹ 5994.

(b) quite whole, safe, unscathed: a teacht fen imslan da cric, TBC-LL¹ p. 653 n. 5 . docuatar imṡlán día taig, Trip.² 166. is áil léo a ḟocra dáibsi imthecht imslán, Acall. 6108. gur leicc im[ṡ]lan uadh é `he let him away unhurt,' CCath. 6055. mar do fhuair a chalann crád | a anam narab imlán, Ériu iv 112 § 5. fāna fagháil slán iomlān damh féin arís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 718.

(c) In Law `completely exempt, secure ' (Plummer MS notes): fis edaingne ac fir in tseoit ... i[s] slan dia mbe fo naidm is imslan do in aithne, O'Curry 1252 (< H 3.18, p. 504 ). See also imlán.

¤ṡlemain very smooth: aill ard imslemain, Stair Erc. 233. ¤ṡolus very bright: gním cech cuiri fo chuimsi | condat uili imṡuilsi `so that all are illuminated,' Metr. Dinds. iii 110.8 .

¤thais

(a) very weak, very feeble: ros fúach is ras fuc fria aiss | gided ni hengnam imthaiss, TBC-LL¹ 736. nírb engnam imthaiss `'twas no weakling's feat,' Metr. Dinds. iv 78.22 .

(b) very smooth ? very moist?: lodar ... co brugh maic in Og imtais, BB 396b15 .

¤thana

(a) very thin, very slender: in néll úathmar imthana `the fearful thin cloud,' IT ii² 133.288 . rí ... na n-arm n-edrom n-imtana, BB 280b34 .

(b) very shallow: ba hí a slige ... secht thuind Uairbeóil imthana `along shallow Tond Uairbeoil,' Metr. Dinds. iii 116.86 , and Corr., ib. v 133 .

¤theimen very dark (see teimen): duibithir funchi fedil | culchi cach eóin imthemin `the cowl of each dusky bird,' Metr. Dinds. iii 256.20 . ¤thenn very strong, very firm: cathir imairdirc imthend, LL 28b16 . ar biastaib ... imdubaib imthennaib, LU 1173 (ACC). atraig Brían don tiprait thall | ic a raba in t-uath imthend, Ériu iv 102.1 n. doi reir na n-udar n-imtheand `according to sound authors,' Metr. Dinds. v 119.2 . Adv. rosícc Sinchell slán co himthend `S. cured her whole, soundly,' Metr. Dinds. iii 156.18 . atát 'san reilic bic go himtheann, SG 33.19 . ¤therc very scanty, very short: is imtherc cos ind abcain `very short is the dwarfling's leg,' ACC § 100 ( RC xx 274.15 ). dēna ingeilt ois | narbat timtheirc (v.l. imterc) tais, KMMisc. 262.1 . ¤thláith very soft: ind iall en imthlaith, SR 4066. rí roraid ... athesc n-inclithi n-imtlaith, 5678 . Enoc án imthláith, 7362 . ¤thnúthach very eager, very jealous, or fierce: a shlógh iomthnúthach Oiligh, DDána 75 § 2. rí aingidhí imthnúthach, Stair Erc. 1646. ¤thrén very strong: iarsin rongab galar gér | fri sním calad nirb' imthrén, SR 6230. a Ferguis na n-arm n-imthrén, TBC-LL¹ 3203. cóic eich áilli imthréna, Leb. Cert. 130.12 . Adv. imtrén trómthuinset, LU 8712 (FB). triur dorosern in slúag co imthrén 'coa n-imnertad, SR 5032.

¤thromm

(a) very heavy: áráit ... imtromm, FB § 37 Eg. ro gab dá asan imthroma imdluithi iarainn, CCath. 4667. confacatar na cet[h]a ana imtroma, 4953 . acc diubraccadh ... an ordanais iomthruim adhbail moir, AFM vi 2028.7 . amhail easglanna iomthroma, TSh. 1092.

(b) very troublesome, very oppressive: for greis in aesa imthruimm `under the protection of the Troublesome People' (i.e. the pagan gods), BColm. 90.5 . Of the atmosphere of a place: his tégdais ... il-brein aduair imthruim, PH 8297. munter Edlicon imthruim, Metr. Dinds. iii 276.10 . As subst.: dochuatar a n-ētromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-imthromaib a n-arm `into their ponderous armature,' Fianaig. 78.3 .

¤thrúag very wretched: do fuc Eua in n-ubull n-úag | dond abaill, ba scél n-imthrúag, SR 1286. ¤thuirsech very sorrowful: luid Laeg ... co cendtromm n-imthursech n-anfálid, TBC-LL¹ 2170. ¤úachtarach uppermost, topmost: do imthigh roimpe go baoth ... go hionadh iomuachtarach a h-anta `to the uppermost regions of its residence' (of the wind), ML 48.23 . ¤úallach very proud: ba hóglaochrad imamnus imullach imfaobrach, Anecd. ii 72.18 . ingen Echach imuallaig, LU 3064. abair ... risin ingin n-iomuallaigh, ITS v 82.12 . mád do Láegaire Búadach | tísad ág bád imuallach, LU 3557. ¤úamnach, see ¤ omnach supra. ¤úar very cold: i naidhchi ... iochtair imuair adheitig iffirn `of the lower freezing hideous hell,' BNnÉ 99.7 . do ghéubhsa ionadh imfhúar, Duan. F. i 19.37 . ar imdocraib imfuara, Ériu viii 8.11 .

(b) With nouns: ¤accobar intense desire: imacubur denma uilc gl. esuriem, Ml. 34b10 . ¤aicbéile great terribleness: itir im-aighbhéli na h-uardachta, MR 112.18 . ¤áille great beauty: an déad ag dul i mbáine | 's an aghaidh gan iomáille, DDána 27 § 5. fáistine adbert riu Dáiri | ri mac con co n-imáilli `regarding Mac Con, the comely,' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 76.2 . Fer Becrach co n-imāle (: immarāide), Ériu ii 26.26 . ¤aire great respect: nī scoirtīs cen i.¤ | rīg nā rīgdomna aca `kings and royal princes would not part from him without great respect,' RC xiii 392.23 . ¤aithrechas great repentance: co n-imaithrechus nach fógnand di, PH 8201. ¤attach earnest prayer, entreaty: i.¤ Maic ind Rig, ACL iii 317 § 51. ¤chalma, ¤cholma great bravery: ras-nert imchalma do denam, TTr. 1639. do greis a mic ... imcalma do denam, Celt. Rev. iv 10.15 . dorochair i cath Odba | la Argatmár imcholma, Todd Lect. iii 178 § 3. ¤chreachadh the act of devastating widely: trés an i.¤ do-níthí leó ar na daoinibh budh lugha ioná iad féin, TSh. 9537. ¤déine great swiftness: imthecht dóib co n-i.¤ (: féine) `to be gone with all speed,' Metr. Dinds. iii 452.40 . ¤demnigud the act of confirming: du imdemnigud á epert són `to confirm his sayings,' Ml. 89d7 . ¤druine great skill?: ri richid con-i.¤ ri febda firian fossud, | rí rigḟial 'na rigsossud, SR 566. ¤ecla great fear: cen uamun, cen i.¤ , IT i 185.3 (FA). nosgeib i.¤ móir ┐ ómon, RC x 56.8 . is coir dó i.¤ ┐ faitchius ┐ ra-imchomet, PH 4114. nī ro lēic imegla in pāpa don priōir ... gan a aithne do choimhlínadh, Fl. Earls 142.22 . an oiread soin d'uamhan ┐ d'imeagla air ré fiabhras, TSh. 7967. fer ... for nár lá nách aon imeccla ittir, AFM vi 2296.y . ¤eclugud the act of terrifying: do fhuasnad ┐ d'i.¤ na coimétaigi, PH 3380. ¤esbaid great deficiency: cen érchra cen imhesbaid, SR 988. cen forcraid cen imhesbaid, 4966 . ¤etla great affliction?: dobeir tra timmorlai ┐ immetlai menman di araile an ircraidi ┐ in gairdi bide i n-ainius isin bith frecnairc, IT ii2 107.23 . ¤étrumme great lightness, great nimbleness: nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor ar áthi ┐ imétrummi im-tháncatar so swiftly and lightly did they travel, MU² 566. raléic cach arachéile frassa tiuga tromaidbli d'immétrommaib a n-arm ┐ d'ilchenélaib a n-imtheilcthi, TTr. 1710. ¤étrommugud the act of making lighter, easing, relieving: barróisc Cuchulaind in claidiub assa intiuch ... d'imscothad na n-arm ┐ d'immetrommugud in scéith fair, TBC-LL¹ 2956. ¤ḟochraicc great reward: a cethair cethrachat ... do immfocraiccib, Todd Lect. iii 42.13 . ¤ḟorlond overwhelming strength, great oppression: in timorlonn namat, is fiach a fátha forru, O'D. 1595 (< H 5.15, p. 9b ). in timarlonn namad, ib. 1596 . choidhche ni barricfa-si | anmforlunn (? read: ammforlunn) 'na dhiaidh, Lism. L. 4822. ¤ḟormat great jealousy: ro linustair idu eóid ocus imformmuit Ailill, IT i 121.15 . rommiscnigsetar fo smacht | a brathir tria imformat, SR 3128. ra gab ét ... ┐ immḟarmat Dubthach Dael Ulad imma mnái, TBC-LL¹ 2749. ro-bhoí éd ocus imformad occ macaibh Moingfinde fri Niall iomon ríghe, ZCP xiv 214.5 . na denaidh adrad idal na edach na imformod, YBL 68b51 (= 294a22 ). ionnsaighis áth an chomhraig | Fear Diadh go ndlús iomfhormaid, DDána 104 § 22. ¤gábud great danger, great fright? iarsain asraracht Adom | assa ṡuan cen imgabud, SR 1066. fota ataid in-imgábud, 3630 . Ulaidh i n-imgabadh gan nech aga n-imgainiudh, TBC-LL¹ p. 250 n. 3 . atágur a imgábud | il-ló brátha búain `I dread great danger from it,' Ériu iii 14 § 1. ré mét in imgábaid a raibi, Fianaig. 82.23 . fa mór a hegla ┐ a himghābud arna slúagaib `great was the fear and fright (caused by the boar) upon the hosts,' 64.34 . dethach a cind iar crabudh | dorad demhna a n-imgabudh, BCC 356.32 . ¤gére great sharpness: co tescfad finna i naigid srotha ar āthi ┐ ailtnidecht ┐ imgēri, TBC-I¹ 1919. ¤ísle great lowness, poor position: gur adhnair les a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134. ¤lainne great keenness: mét inná i.¤ robói dosom im dia (gl. sitivit anima) `the strong craving that he had after God,' Ml. 62a2 . ¤lén great sorrow: Eua féssin cen imlén, SR 2138. dolluid Saul iar sét sen | sé cet míli, cen imlén, 5570 . ¤lot great destruction: co tuccad in diach ┐ inn imlot bad laind le fein fortha, CCath. 4017. ¤lúas great swiftness: ba he tricci ┐ imluas inn imdiubraict[h]i leo, CCath. 5659. ¤náire great shamefacedness, great bashfulness: rogab tra imnári essium co rofhemid in salm ranic dó do gabail `bashfulness seized him,' Three Hom. 102.16 . ni bí nach n-imnáire dóib cid lomnochta beti, RC xxv 244 § 18. doberat a coibsena cen imnāire dia sacartaibh, Anecd. iii 8.7 . o thucsatt a llama chuccu do'n méis ar imnari, PH 5136. rogab athrechus ┐ imnare imma iarraid eter, BB 237a32 . re h-imnaire an chairighthi thuc Cormac fair, RC xliii 80 § 82. ica imcainedh féin comor ar imnaire na hainicne, D IV 2, 73ra16 . ¤omon ¤úamon great fear, dread: ara n-imomon imchissin húath, BDD² 1264. rus-gab ecla ┐ iomomon mor iad risna dainib ingantacha, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . ar iomomhon feirgi a hathar, TFrag. 30.9 . āl cach n-imoman `every terror is fearful,' ZCP xvii 65 § 51. tainic soc[h]t ocus imuamon aiccenta ┐ cumsccughadh menman do, CCath. 5471. do chur uathbhais ┐ iomomhain ar lucht an bhaile, AFM v 1486.13 . reverence, godly fear: comadas lobre et i.¤ forsin mug céin ṁbíis oc fognam dia choimdid, Wb. 8b1 . as firén foirbhthe in fer forsa mbi ecla ┐ imuamon an Coimded, Lism. L. 3306. ¤rígne great stiffness, slowness, hesitation: nusincrech-som fora emilte leis ┐ fora imrígne leis bói icon ḟuigell, PH 4132. ¤ṡláine great perfection?: a samhuil d'oige is d'áillnne | do gniomh d'eagna is d'iomṡláine, 23 F 16, p. 129.19 . ¤ṡláinte complete health: meni thíset uli i n-imṡlánti, TBC-LL¹ 197. boi sailechtu aice sium imslanti d'ḟadbail dia ndernta a leges, LB 143a21 . ised rainic in imslanti leis co tir, BB 445b52 . ¤sláintius perfect health: nodas-forbiledh ar as ┐ ar aitidh ┐ imlaintius, ZCP xix 118 z . ¤ṡlánud the act of making quite healthy: nicon cotluim for colcaid | gē bethear com imslānud `though one were at making me healthy,' K. and H. § 2. ¤ṡlóg great host: ? g s. used adjectively: ro bui comdhail imsloigh for ur in cuain sin `there was a very numerous gathering at that harbour,' Stair Erc. 379. ¤thesbaid great defect, great error: cen forcraid cen imthesbaid, SR 4424. aisneided Arón fo leith | do Moisi cen imthesbaid, 4610 . ¤thréine great strength, firm grasp: as amhlaidh do bhádar agas gach fear dhíobh a gcrioslach a sgiath agas a n-imthréine a n-arm `in the grasp of their arms,' ML 124.20 . ¤thrumma great heaviness: dochúatar a n-etromuib a n-étach ┐ a n-imthromaib a n-arm `they advanced in their light dresses and in their ponderous armature,' Fianaig. 78.3 . a n-aimsir a himtruma `in the time of her pregnancy,' Lism. L. 2511. ¤úabar great pride: iné imuabor immarordus, LL 120a3 . ¤úachtar the very top: atá an cairthe sin ... is í tollta 'na hiomuachtar, Keat. ii 6297. ¤úathad loneliness: luidset laithe for Lúachair | ciarbo thaithbe imúathaid `though it was an infringement of utter seclusion,' Metr. Dinds. iii 246.74 .

(c) With verbs derived from the corresponding noun or adj.: ¤eclaigid fears greatly, becomes greatly afraid: ro imeclaigset a n-epiltin manid chuired Patraic hé i nn-iffernn, Trip.² 1017. ro imeclaigsitar na genti do sein, 486 . duine imeclaiges bás, PH 3821. no-imeclaiged Solam co mor in coimdid, 4129 . do bidg ┐ do imeclaig an macamh go mór les sin, BCC 48.29 . imeagluidh-si an Tighearna `fear the Lord,' Proverbs xxiv 21. ¤glanaid purifies, clears?: fiac nad imglanad .i. fri foglaithe, O'Curry 507 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ? to this: cach dia eol imglan rota .i. docom ar neoil fen duin it imglan rota .i. docom ar neoil fen duin it imglan na rota, 623 ( H 3.18, p. 301 ). ¤omnaigid becomes greatly afraid: bidhgais ┐ imomhnaighis ┐ ru-s-lēic a ráon madhma, Fl. Earls 232.2 .

lenaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lenaid or dil.ie/29895
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -lenai, lenid, lenaid, -len, lentar, lia, -lia, -ruilli, -liad, -lilibh, lile, -lile, lil, lilith, -lilfi, -lliles, lilfes, lilit, lil, lilis, lilis, lili, liligh, lil, -lil, lil, lil, lil, leltar, leldar, lellatar, leltar, leltar, -ruildetar, lilis, lenad, lenamain, lenta

v Indic. pres. 2 s. -lenai, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). 3 s. lenid, Wb. 5c16 . lenaid, Sg. 9b17 . -len, Mon. Tall. 129.2 . pass. dia lentar , Laws i 266.4 . Subj. pres. 2 s. lia, Cóic Con. 16 § 3. 3 s. -lia, O'Curry 1886 ( 23 P 3, 22a ). With perfective particle: -ruilli, O'Dav. 1364. impf. 3 s. -liad, RC xi 446.55 = ZCP iii 249.19 . Fut. 1 s. -lilibh, Ériu ii 227.x . 2 s. lile, Fél. Prol. 309 , 311 (sic MSS.). 3 s. -lile, Laws i 192.2 Comm . RC x 68.15 (lil, v.l.) (used for subj.). Dinds. 127. lilith, Ériu v 242.178 . -lilfi, O'D. 976 ( H 3.17, col. 679 ). rel. -lliles, Wb. 10a5 . lilfes, Hib. Min. 82.17 (= linfes, LL 19089 ). 3 pl. lilit, Trip.² 2122. Lism. L. 3477 (citation). Pret. and perf. 3 s. lil, Imr. Brain 62 (lilis, v.l.). LU 5625 ( TBC-I¹ 1145 ). lilis, LL 11244 ( TBC-LL¹ 4453 ). LL 8907 ( TBC-LL¹ 1574 ). lili, RC x 68.8 (liligh, lil, v.ll.). -lil, Thes. ii 291.16 ( Ml. Poems 2 ). ro lil , Ml. 54d7 . Fél.² cxxi 32. Trip.² 887. TBC-LL¹ 1058 . rod lil , LU 6182 ( TBC-I¹ 1698 ). diar lil , PH 6538. 3 pl. leltar , Irish Texts i 12 § 36 (Vita Brigitae). ro leldar , Ml. 96c13 . ro lellatar , Corm. Bodl. s.v. Morann (ro leltar , Y). ro(m) leltar , LU 9401 . 9435 . -ruildetar, 3265 ( SCC 6 ).

Later as secondary vb. with stem len-. IGT Verbs § 73 , § 80 . The stem lil- tends also to become generalised, hence lilf-, lilis, see above.

Vn. lenad, lenamain. Cf. líth. Part. lenta.

I Intrans. remains, continues, survives: no feidligfed .i. leanfad (sic leg.) a mbescna, ACL iii 12 § 19 . ni fada dho lean in scél, BB 31b9 . ro llen berla n-ebra / ic lucht in domuin, Rawl. 69a26 . o roclai-sium cath for deman ni len claoine evil no longer survives, Lism. L. 2146. Esp. of names: ro lenastar int ainm as Cothraige the name C. survived, Thes. ii 309.49 ( Hy. ii 6 gl .). les-ainm lènus (one of seven kinds of satire), Laws v 228.26 . ni fes in lile itir in t-ainm, i 192.2 Comm . it lethdire fir dia mbí aír no lesainm . . . dia foclat comaithigh co lilfi fri ré a í ┐ a iarmui, O'D. 976 ( H 3.17, col. 679 ). ó bheith da corp sa ghlaisi / do lean ó Dhubh Dubhghlaisi, Duan. F. ii 22 § 13.

With various prepp. With A pursues (a matter), persists in: ni lenab ass ní bús mó / . . . / maithfettsa duit mo liubhru, Anecd. ii 37 § 5 . lenaid as in ecclais, BNnÉ 309.y (`[they will] follow the church thence', but perh. rather cleave to or uphold (ipv. pl. 2) the church; perh. read ar, cf. Arch. Hib. i 90 xi below). In phr. l.¤ as sin it follows from that: ma theid [an eglais ar sechran] . . . lena as sin nach ttegasg an Spiorad naomh í, Luc. Fid. 366.14 . nir lean as sin gurab . . . olc leis onor . . . do thabhairt do neithibh oile, 217.13 .

With CO cleaves to: mani dernat co cenn mís dotíagat for cairdde ná[d] lenat a lepthai cucai anall, Críth G. 362 `do not adhere to him', p. 71 . fir Eirenn tar ler lilit / co Brighit is co Brenuinn, Lism. L. 3477.

With DI (somet. perh. DO) clings to, adheres to, cleaves to, stays with, follows : ro leldar díb són gl. rotae axibus adhiserunt, Ml. 96c13 . lil in chertle dia dernainn, Imr. Brain 62 (lilis, v.l.). Cf. Anecd. i 69 § 165 (ICM). leltar da clam do Brigit, Irish Texts i 12 § 36 . bes ar Emer nocon err in ben día lenai, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). luid Fergus . . . forsin n-imarchor n-ísin. Lil di sudiu . . . Etarcomol, LU 5625 ( TBC-I¹ 1145 ). lilis Cu Chulaind . . . dena sluagaib, LL 8907 ( TBC-LL¹ 1574 ). coraigis . . . in cend risin colaind ┐ leanaid de fochétoir, RC xxiv 62 § 23. marcach in mara mongaig / ní lenand do sithlongaib, LU 3990 ( SCC 45 ). nogo len uisci do bir / ni lean cin neich diaraile, Ériu v 24.27 . do lensat de `they clung to him' (of one taking cattle in distress), Laws ii 50.10 Comm . na len diom-sa, TFrag. 208.16 . dobert dono uball do ara liad di lar amail no liad ind uball sin, RC xi 446.55 (`follow the ground'). Fig. a lliles dind ancretmiuch bid ancretmech, Wb. 10a5 . lenit a pecthe dindí dobeir a ngrád, 29a23 . ro lil dím m'ernigde ┐ ni dechuid huaim gl. nunquam a me promouit oratio mea, Ml. 54d7 . lenaid din gutai thóisig gl. ex superiore pendens uocali, Sg. 9b17 . is menand is dind insci riam lenid, Wb. 5c16 (`it is clear that he adheres to the previous utterance'; ? continues with, carries on with). acht co ro lentar don cedna provided that one persevere with the same, RC xxvi 366.21 . lia do fír .i. len din conair fugill is fir, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . lilisiu . . . / donaib félib, Fél. Prol. 309 , 311 . ro lil menma mnā Cāier do Nēde, Corm. Y 698 (58.18) . ro lil ainm de .i. Mogh emi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 30.19 . conid de rod lil Goll de that's why the name G. stuck to him, LU 3178 . adbert M. gan a losgudh do denamh nach lenadh a cin don tir, Ériu iii 152.4 . cīa fot lenfa desin? . . . Nad lenab ō shunn how long wilt thou carry this on? MacCongl. 65.17 , 18 . ná lean díom i n-a ndearnas, Aithd. D. 34.15 . níor lean dá nós, Keat. Poems 1453 . grádh Dé ┐ gach ní leanas de, TSh. 9091 . an dream dá leanann sal na seinchion, 5247 . leanann dá slighthibh saobha, 5011 . coir ord ura dlige dia lentar leir which is assiduously adhered to, Laws i 266.4 (glossed: .i. mada lentar de co leir, 292.28 ). Appar. with DO in: fada leanus an léan dáibh (: ḟagháil), Ériu viii 193.35 .

With FOR (AR)

(a) stays attached to, clings to: co rralsat sis anchoram; ro lend ar bendchopor in derthaige, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy. v Comm .) = for bendchopar, IT i 39.8 . Fig. ro lil in doíri sin forsna cellaib, Trip.² 887 . conid de ṡodain ro lil in t-ainm aurdairc fair .i. Cuchulaind, TBC-LL¹ 1058 . cur re teachta i dteagh nimhe / ná lean ar eachtra eile, DDána 10.33 . leanaidh Eoin ar an eaglais (i.e. became a priest), Arch. Hib. i 90 xi .

(b) proceeds against : bí leam, ná lean ar mo dhíomas `punish not my pride', Aithd. D. 97. 36 .

(c) Of reciting a tale, urging a request or explanation, continues, persists in: lean . . . ar aithris éachtmhar sheilg Fhinn, Oss. vi 16.9 . ní leanabh air I need say no more, Dánta Gr. 81.11 . ni lenfa me ort tair eis sin I shall not importune thee further, BCC 368.7 (§ 345) . ní leanamh (= -abh) tairis sin ort `I shall not press it further', Keat. iii 1502 . da leana ar cialla mar soin, Content. v 42.

With FRI remains with: do chuaidh D. ┐ ar lean ris ar tír `those who were along with him', Rel. Celt. ii 204.30 .

With I

(a) remains in, continues in, sticks in, clings to: dris na droigean . . . .i. lus lenas a n-edach, Laws iv 276.10 Comm . is ainceas do an fod lili a ndeguidh a athgabala, ii 52.x Comm . go ros lil desidhe teidbinniuss ciuil . . . isin leath tes, Leb. Gab.(i) 282.16 . len .i. tarisim, ut est len a ndiamair, O'Mulc. 784 . dochótar a ceithri cosa isin cloich [┐] feidligit (.i. leanait) innti a fuillechta semper, ACL iii 20 § 49 . míla géra . . . / ro leltar im srúb, LU 9401 . do len mo chos is tuir taeis, SG 243.36 . muilcheand moradbal cnam . . . co leandais na longbraigid, YBL 177a21 = BB 257b15 . cor[o] lensat a nglacca i mburd na luingi, CCath. 2121 . an eass ina laim ro lean, Duan. F. ii 74 § 29.

(b) persists in, perseveres with: ní ro lil in cléirech isna coibsenaib, SG 415.7 . leanamaóis is an charthannacht, Párl. na mB.. 4034 .

With LA cleaves to, follows : cia ba nóidenán ar áes / ni lil la [macc]u ingaes `clave not with', Thes. ii 291.16 ( Ml. I § 7 ).

With TAR pursues (a matter), persists in: ni lenabh tairiss 'I will not pursue the matter', BCC² 246 § 8 .

II Trans.

(a) follows (a leader): rata-linestar mac dó a son of his followed him, MU² 164 . Lugaid Loigde lentais slūaig, ZCP xii 379.20 . not-lenfutsa in slóg-sa `this army will follow thee', CCath. 638 . A. gusin lucht rolen, Aen. 53. lenfat amal cech ṅdescipul he, PH 2189 . a méad do lean Lúiceifear, Dán Dé v 12 . do len an senoir Ioseph hi i ngach conair, Smaointe B. Chr. 1097. Fig. imitates : leanam naomhadh gacha naoimh `may I imitate', Dán Dé xxvii 26 . do lean mé sna peacthuibh Pól, IGT Decl. ex. 765 . do lean Tadhg . . . aigneadh an ois éigcríona `followed the instinct of the foolish deer', Content. xxv 7 . as beg lenus Iosa Críosd in nglaine chroidhe `follow', RSClára f. 142b . lenuid na sethracha . . . gnás na mbráthar mionúr, f. 78a .

(b) follows (a track): ros-len Nel . . . / a lorg, LL 211b21 . in béist . . . ro-sl-len folliuchta in tshlóig, PH 7226 . lorg na lánamhna leanais, TD 20.39 . Fig. co lenand fer na lethfiadnaise lorg Iúdais, PH 7623 . sliocht na gcéidfhear dá bhfuil féin / ní leanann, Aithd. D. 30.23 . an drong leanas an seachrán so, TSh. 4321 . mar go leantar an cion comhgais leó, Keat. i 68.21 . do lean sē slighe S. Froinsias ō aibíd, Beatha S. F. 1716.

(c) pursues, chases (with hostile intent): cor' len ┐ cor' geogain co mor, Dinds. 132 . cethruime uathu isin nesbac [do lenadar amach] . . . sechtar crich `for (injury to) the idler whom they follow outside the border', Laws iii 268.8 Comm . ro-lenastar Iriel . . . iat. Et ro-gab ac slaide . . . in tṡlúaig, LL 177b18 ( CRR 52.x .) lenais Fer Diad C. tar áth siar, TBC St. 3225 . ra lensad co longphort . . . iad, TTebe 4296 . ro meabhaidh for Airgiallaibh . . . ┐ ro lenta co Craibh Caille, AFM i 438.18 . do lean Ioab . . . é . . . ┐ do chuir sé A. i raon madhma, TSh. 997. Fig. persecutes, harasses : cidh imarlensatt na demna hē, ZCP xii 291.19 .

(d) claims, exacts : ná lean cóir meidhe an mheasa `exact not the justice of the Judgment scale', Dán Dé vii 16 . do leanfadh tú oruinn í (sc. an deachmhadh), DDána 25 a. 7 . lenfat mo chert ar Cloinn Dalaig, Irish Texts ii 40 § 1 . leanuimsi i gcéadóir an geall `I go promptly in pursuit of the gage', TD 22.13 . a ndligheann tú mar tá i litribh / leanfa `thou shalt insist on thy rights as defined in documents', Aithd. D. 31.20 . ? adeirid Muimhnigh . . . / ní nach leanaid a laochraidh, Content. ii 11 (`do not approve'). déntar mo dichennad-sa lat-sa, co ro-lenair trocaire Dé iar m'écaib-sea, PH 803 (`and thou wilt get').

Particularly in phrase l.¤ x (ar y) prosecutes a claim arising out of x (against y), calls y to account for x: dá leanta a Dhé a ndearnas `if Thou punish my sins', Dán Dé viii 11 . saoilim nach leanfaidhe leis / an cló do chuaidh 'na bhaithis `will not avenge', iv 10 . ná lean oirn-ne fhuil th'eidhre, DDána 40.23 . Nechtain gum dhín ar cech ndeoraid / lentair ag Síl Eogain orm S.E. are calling me to account because N. protects me, Irish Texts ii 42 § 14 . ól a lachda leanaidh sí / . . . / ar Íosa, Aithd. D. 100.34 . lean ar th'fhaghlaidh a hanuaill claim retribution for its (i.e. my soul's) arrogance from Thy enemy(?), PBocht 3.43 .

(e) adheres to, cleaves to: ni lenat foidhlenna fatha, O'Dav. 855 ( .i. nocha lenadh a snaithedh donahib lennaib, Laws iv 384.29 Comm .) (garments do not adhere to hooks (or racks) ?). ruilli .i. lenmuin, ut est mac claime ni comail mathair ar nach ruilli aillsi uaithi .i. ar na ro lena loissi oll na claime uaithi, O'Dav. 1364 (? leg. nach[a]). nis lenat cinaidh, Ériu xvi 181 § 17 . teagdais nār lean dath na dīadh, ACL iii 236 § 3 . ro lensad a dhi laim an tuadh, BNnÉ 185.1 . Very common in fig. use: (a) ni leanat peactha nech a mic, O'D. 977 ( H 3.17, col. 679 ). muna lia leasugadh Luigdeach Luige Lugaid lathgaile .i. mana leanad cinta leasuighthi do Lughaidh laechdha, O'Curry 1886 - 7 ( 23 P 3, 22a ). in tsrotha . . . niges anmand na náem din chutrumma chinad nos lenand, LU 2094 ( FA 16 ). ingean laich as lucra a laighnibh / nach lean locht, IT iii 88 § 107 . duine . . . / co nglanc[h]ēill . . . / nīnlen robāes, ZCP vi 267 § 10 . nis-len ecnach ond oes chetlach, Auraic. 5252 = ACL iii 296 § 44 . lenad hires, PH 2412 . congain liom go leanar th' fhoras that I may adhere to your law, DDána 2.7 .

Particularly of a name, nickname or satire: conid de ro lil Colman mac Dairine he, Fél.² cxxi 32 . ro lellatar iarum a dá n-ainm in fer, Corm. Bodl. 14 s.v. Morann (ro leltar, Y; ro lenustar, LB). conid de ro len in t-ainm a mmag do ingor Meic Cecht .i. Mag mBrénguir, LU 7980 . in bríathar dorat andsin / ros len, . . . / cosin nómad nó n-arsaid , Metr. Dinds. iv 130.87 . coro len ainm int salchair he, LB 145b52 . Cf. ondíu . . . lilit gabair far clainn, Trip.² 2122 (`according to Colgan the descendants of these thieves had always beards "caprinis subsimiles"', Stokes note).

Of the preservation of a term or proverbial saying: is ed armit fairend aile . . . conid din tendáil út lentar tendál samna o sin, LU 7045 . ósin ille lentar in senbrīathar has been preserved, MacCongl. 65.9 . ` gach éan mar a adhbha' / oirrdhearc so is ['s] sé leantar, DDána 98.1 .

(f) pursues, proceeds with (a narration, investigation): conid aidid L.¤ . . . andsin . . . nī hē lenfam sund beos, TBC-I¹ 882 . leor lend lenmait a sanaisnís, LL 16157 . dá leanta libh if you investigated the matter, TD 32.13 . do leantaoi le labhra tais / snáithe síodamhail seanchais `the silken threads of history used to be traced', Content. xii 4.

(g) continues: an Ragnall-sa . . . ó na lenmhuid Clann Raghnaill do rágh rena shliochd, Rel. Celt. ii 160.18 . do lenadh an ruáig orrtha, 192.10 .

(h) follows, comes after: ind crosfigeild fri biad cond neoch no-dus-len `with the part which follows', Mon. Tall. 129.2 . maille ris na hurnaighthibh lenus íad, RSClára f. 100a . fūigefem deghṡompla ag an lucht lenfas sinn, f. 37a .

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