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2 airlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airlann or dil.ie/2175
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: urlann, orlann, erlann

n (1 lann) Orig. o, later ā, f. urlann, orlann, erlann f., IGT Decl. § 12 . (a) end, butt-end, handle (of a weapon): an baile a negarthar a hadharc fuirre a fochair .i. a hurlann (of a spear), Laws iv 226.10 . Cf. aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae .i. ind adarc dub bis mon gai, Auraic. 1621 . ga . . . dá dorn .x. etar a hiarann ┐ a fochair .i. a hurlann, O'Dav. 495 . ro díbairg in ṅgai dó 's a urlond reme butt first, LL 13969 . tummis G. irlund a gai issin n-abaind, LU 1747 . tumais a herluinn, Ériu ix 178 § 13 . cresaigthi . . . in lagin . . . ┐ benaid a hurlond fria a bais, BDD² 1234 . da gae for cach óen crand leo gae for rend ┐ gae for erlond co mbad chumma dagontais do rennaib ┐ do erlonnaib, TBC-LL¹ 4531 . béim d'erlaind in rogaí, MU² 727 . sleg . . . co fethan óir impi o irlond co cró, LU 10665 . crann a c[h]raísighi o hurlainn co a h-innsma, ML² 919 . la tabairt a[i]rlaindi a tsligi for C. `fair t'irlaind dīm', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 38 § 7 . sleagh . . . an n-uair teilgtear a ndeōigh a hurluinne, Feis Tighe Chonáin 464 . cindus do-béra mé in tsleigh duit . . . in é a gráin do-béra mé roimpe nó an é a hurrlann?, Comp. CC 99 § 31 . maidhm na nUrland . . . for Gallu, RC xvii 364.12 ( = na nErland, AFM ii 808.6 ). éirghi ard ar earluinn ráimhe / balg ar dhearnuinn láimhe láoich, IGT Decl. ex. 591 . point, tip of a staff: teit erlund na bachla triana chois, Trip. 468.26 . do bered in file aurland . . . fors in cend ┐ ro finnad a ainm, Laws i 44.6 Comm. (a form of divination). Cf. tabraid cend na flesci filed fair, Corm. Y 323 . Of the rudder of a ship: intan tra documlaiset ┐ docorustar a lūi nō urland (aurlunn v.l.) fri tīr, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.9 ). Fig. cona nurlaind techta, Laws v 438.24 .i. . . . cach grad da daim coir maraen ris, 440.8 Comm. = o a urluth techta .i. dam bas coir inna theg, O'Curry 862 ( H 3.18, 389 ab) `? a persons' retinue or attendance', Plummer MS. notes. co haurlaind a dithma end, completion(?), Laws i 102.8 = co n-aurlund, v 404.22 . Compd.: d'ordaibh . . . urlainnleathna, TSh. 1980 `with broad handles', Gloss.

(b) (? air- + slond) marker (of gender) Sages, Saints and Storytellers 1-3 . In Auraic. of the pronouns é, í, ed (and their Latin equivalent hic, haec, hoc) used to determine the gender of following nouns (cf. also the various applications of 3 a.): aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae . . . is di arsisidar in gai, imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu-sa .i. ise isi ised: no dona deich n-urlandaib-sea etc., Auraic. 1621 ff. tri herlonda indsge .i. tri remsloind . . . .i. is se, is si, is edh, 3120 . masgal ┐ feimin ┐ nemutur lasin Laitneoir . . . nus-deochrend a tri herlanna innsge, id est hic, hec, hoc , 3026 = a tri urluimi, 524 . urland ria n-urland ┐ urland iar n-urland ┐ urland inand iter da urland nach it inanda. Urland rie n-urland quidem, iní rie se no rie sí no re séudh. Erland ier n-urland .i. in se no in si no in sedh. Urland inand iter da urlaind nach it inanda .i. in se inand fil in gach focul, ni herlond is achd (leg. achd is) reimtsuidugud: no is fri se no fri sedh. i.e. the a.¤ before an a.¤ is the noun preceding , or sed; an a.¤ after an a.¤ is the word , , or sed; an identical a.¤ between two a.¤'s which are not identical is the which is the same for every word, whether it be for or sed, for `is sed' is not an a.¤ but an `anteposition' ( ni erlond is sed, 593 (i.e. does not indicate gender?), 3114 - 3120 ). cuin is urland, cuin is indsge? . . . Is he [isi issedh: indsci emh intan itberor] nama gan araill imaille fris. Urlond eim antan dobeire fria araill, ut est is he in feur (isé, isí, ised are innsce (gender) when used absolutely but each of these is an airland when it serves to indicate or point out a follg. subst. e.g. isé in fer, isí in ben?), 3103 . Also applied to gender forms of numerals: aurlunna ilair mascul ┐ femen in so sis: se, da, thri, cet[h]ri: si, di, teora, cetheora, 1714 , cf. 1623 ff. See 3 airlann.

airsa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airsa or dil.ie/2374

 

Forms: airsan, aursain, aursainne, aursainde, ursainde

n n, f. See Lochlann ii 212 . Later also airsan. n s. aursain, g s. aursainne, a p. aursainde, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374b ). g s. ursainde, MacCongl. 59.5 . door-post, jamb: aurso .i. or-sīn.i. ala n-or di i teg. a n-aill fri sīn. Aliter: aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . irsa .i. airisiu .i. is fuirri thairisius in teg uile . . . ostium latine , 782 . innill .i. in ello .i. indtus .i. i n-ursae, 764 (cf. innill .i. urasa, O'Cl.). i n-aursain n-airthir thige, Críth G. 216 . fo far n-ursannaib, SR 3918 . fora aursainde ┐ a airinchiu, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374b ). ónd ursaind díarali (of a house), LU 1708 . ni facbatis ursaind na comla . . . cen mhinugad, LB 156a55 . a di ursaind irard . . . ar dorus, IT iii 51 § 94 . ursanna cre[d]umha, Ériu iii 156 § 9 . leth-orsa gacha tigi oil, Fen. 166.1 . sé san orsain ar ursgáth, A. Ó Dálaigh 1 37 . le hosnaduibh elbhadh / a n-orsanaibh oirbedh stakes(?), IGT Decl. ex. 156 .

Fig. an bás san orsain agat, DDána 1.1 . do bhris ortha ursana (ursanda prohibited form) he defeated them, IGT Decl. ex. 1887 . i n-orsain ar n-ealadhan `in support of my cause', Content. xxi 23 . níor loc ó orsain éin-ghliadh, ib. n.7 . géabhad orsain don iomarg `I will undertake to sustain the fight', xxii 23 .

Of persons: anté as ursa don imshníomh who causes anx- iety(?), DDána 121.29 . dá ursain bhiadhta na mbocht, Ó Bruad. iii 214.10 . badh é ursa ar n-adhmholta, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 4 . mar ursain chirt, Hackett xl 151 . ursa chogaidh chríche Breagh, TD 17.55 . cia an Cú Chullainn bhus ursa re plé iompa? `a Cu. C. to act as their advocate', Ó Bruad. ii 4 iii .

ar-sissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-sissedar or dil.ie/4312
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: arasissiur, arasissedar, arasisedar, -airisedar, arasissetar, -airesetar, arsissethar, -airissedar, arsissinn, aurisfemmar, [a]r-siasar, ar-sesar, arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, ar[s]isestar, -airsir, ar-sesatar, ar-said, arroissisiursa, arroisestar, arosiuir, aroisir, arrosir, tarrasair, -arrasar, arrastair, arrasair, airisid, airisem

v ( air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arasissiur, Ml. 41c3 . 3 s. arasissedar, 51b13 . arasisedar, Sg. 213b2 . -airisedar, 139b1 . 3 pl. arasissetar, Ml. 39b11 , 77b3 . -airesetar, Sg. 209b19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arsissethar (arsissetar MS), Ml. 120d19 . -airissedar, 131b4 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arsissinn, Ml. 44d26 . Fut. 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . ? Pret. 2 s. [a]r-siasar (-ir, -iur), Ériu xvi 179 § 1 , § 2 , § 3 . ar-sesar, xix 82 § 1 (or perh. subj. pass. sg. (with jussive sense) of ar-said, ib. 86 n. ). arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, O'Dav. 93 . ar[s]isestar, Ériu i 215.1 . -airsir, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . 3 pl. ar-sesatar , Ériu xix 83 § 7 (or subj. pass. pl. of ar-said, ib. p. 86 n. ). Perf. 1 s. arroissisiursa, Études Celt. xl 74 ( Ml. 88a9​ ). 3 s. arroisestar, 18d16 . arosiuir, RC xiv 245.5 , 246.19 ( arosisir, YBL 212b19 ). aroisir, 246.24 . arrosir, BB 499b36 = tarrasair, Alex. 1035 . -arrasar, LU 5811 = arrastair, TBC-I¹ 1340 . arrasair, LU 6621 .

Later as simple vb. airisid. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. airisem.

Stays, stands fast, rests, remains: dú inairesetar `where they remain', Sg. 209b19 . mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain, Ml. 131b4 . roairisius-[s]a, Ériu iv 134.14 . airisiu sund bic co fessur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1399 . focherdat a trí cóecta bunsach fair ┐ arsisetar isin scíath slissen uli lesseom they all stick, LU 4875 (TBC). is amlaid ata in firmamint im talmain i nairisidh, Laws i 28.25 Comm. co ro airis in long sin n-inud irrabi, LL 221b49 . aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . a roísir a láim forsan ersaind in tṡída, YBL 212b24 ( RC xiv 246.24 ). arsised íarum a cos Maile duin for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi, RC ix 458.4 . atsisithar (arsisithar .i. doan) sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524.28 (= assisedar, IT i 131.21 ). adre[ith] in sliabh foran sliabh n-aill ┐ airisis air remained there, Marco P. 8 . fairisidh a bhuime ┐ a aide la hUltu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44.8 . ro loisccsed . . . Tuaim . . . ar na hairisdís Goill inntibh, AFM iii 34.x . do chuinghidh ferainn i n-oirisfemais, BNnÉ 298 § 43 . oirisit hi ffarradh Colmain, 299 § 43. comhnaigit ┐ airissit immorro an oidche sin., Fl. Earls 110.9 . airisidh agam `stay', Content. ii 7 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iarsin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted, LU 6621 . cona hédadh barr na bili . . . forsa n-airsed, Ériu xii 154.20 . ar-sesar Conchubar cētath `sat in the front seat', Ériu xix 82 § 1 . arsiasiur ri Mumhen mordescert fledtáighi, Ériu xvi 179 § 3 . arseser .i. dofeser ara belaib som isin carpat, O'Curry 508 (H 3.18, 258). ? arsiasaighther .i. innsaighi: ut est arsiasaither a bráthair Mugain .i. indsaigi ar amus a brathar, O'Dav. 93 . In sense of stops, desists, gives up: arsisetar na hoic ┐ rethaid ina suidi, IT ii1 174.17 . arsisetar (leg. arsisethar or arsisedar, ed.) Cuchulaind . . . ┐ angid na h-ocu C. desists and spares the youths(?), 175.48 . ? cach duine aridsisither ┐ nachid nanaigh, Laws iv 362.24 . Halts, delays: ni ro airisius co h-Ailech N. `I did not stay till . . .', MR 36.5 . ni ro hairiseadh leo go rangattar go dúrlas, AFM iii 16.1 . nīr hairissedh leō go riachtsat gusin Edāill, Fl. Earls 120.9 . Folld. by cen and vn.: ní oirisedh . . . gin triall a ndail Cublay insisted on going, Marco P. 85 . roairis go ceann na ree sin gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir he did not visit the monastery, ZCP v 495.7 . Endures, persists: arrosir a crodattu, BB 499b36 (= tarrasair, Alex. 1035 ). arsisither .i. tairisi, ut est nach mac soirche ┐ rl. arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas, O'Dav. 95 . fri re secht la airisis in ciaich sin, Marco P. 10 .

Other uses: airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu where the copper separated (?) from the javelin, LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin, TBC-LL¹ 2073 = do cuiredh a umha [don chleitin], TBC St. 1847 . ind adarc dub bis mon gai is di arsisidar in gai imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu sa .i. ise isi ised is attached, Auraic. 1622 . cech ní atbera frib-si cretid uli do ┐ airissid fair keep to it, LB 151b13 . conid he ni for ar airis a menma that is what they decided, LB 157a41 . airis rit muntir a mic na flatha stand fast by, LL 297a47 ( SG 364.40 ). airisid fén fri fulang cecha doccumlai `continue to endure', PH 2406 . airised rium do mhenma give me your attention, RC xxxvii 345 § 10 . gach oen airisfes frib `whoever shall oppose you', CCath. 5163 . is o chorp ┐ nemchorp ro airis it consisted, Laws i 26.10 . airim forbthi in sin, uair airissid o choitibh co coir it consists of factors, Auraic. 1446 . a athair oiris gut chéill / . . . / breth dírech as dú do fhlaith `stand fast by thy wisdom', SG 124.33 . ni ro-airis-[s]ium oc forcetul `he did not leave off preaching', PH 2552 . airisis . . . ag dion, MR 274.15 . airis Fintan ic sloind seanchassa, Ériu iv 150.11 . airis for céill remain reasonable, FDG² 2.54​​​​​ .

Trans. cinnas ḟuirechlem cinnas aurisfemmar clessu, LL 13935 . ro airis Dia athair betha dó preserved his life, LB 157a47 .

1 doé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 doé or dil.ie/17513

 

Forms: dóit, dóite, dóid, dóidi

n (orig. doë disyll., GOI § 326 ) nt, f. Later with n s. dóit, g s. dóite. dóid, g s. and n pl. dóidi, IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) The upper arm from shoulder to elbow, humerus (oppd. to lám arm in general and rig forearm): doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . inna ndoat gl. lacertorum, Acr. 26v2 ( Thes. ii 8 ). dae .i. righ nó guala, O'Dav. 740 citing Laws iii 290.15 where d.¤ is explained as meaning `guala' in a man and `ucht' in a woman. co memaid a doe láma, LL 292b31 . remithir dóit láma, FB § 91 . luibenchossach .i. luibne na mér na laime ┐ cos eissib (┐ cosa na mer estib, LB) suas, ind rig ┐ in doe (in doit, LB), gusin n-alt na guailne arsisidar . . . sē haisle didiu fil otha ind meoir co halt na gualand (viz. three phalanges, metacarpal bone, rig forearm, and doe upper arm), Corm. Y 447 . cusna rigthib . . . ┐ cusna doitib (where rigthe = ulnas), Gild. Lor. 164 . mebsaitis limsa glaine fer dia mbrāigde, brāigde fer la ṅdōite, rigthi fer la n-uaille (leg. a n-uille) men's necks (shoulder-blades) with their upper arms, TBC-I¹ 3547 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 5947 . turcbaid-sium a dóti ┐ a rigthi ┐ a dernanna, TBC-LL¹ 916 . cu roloisc in tene . . . doiti ┐ righthe na ndibercach, Lism. L. 2974 . co rosedlad buinde a sliasta ┐ a dá dóit, RC xvi 44 ( Dinds. 93 ). a dí ḟoil argit ┐ a dí bunne doat armlets, Imr. Brain ii 48 . bouinde doat, IT iii 238 . deich muince doat, Ériu ii 4 (dóat, v.l.). fail mo láma is mo dóitti, Fen. 400 . falge óir im dóitib, LL 18b34 . órnasc nobíd um dóitib . . . mac na saerchland, Thr. Ir. Gl. 4 s.v. aunasc. bla deilge dae `exemption as regards the brooch on the shoulder', Laws iii 290 . dealc n-oir huasa doidib ina brot above his fore-arms (i.e. on the shoulder), TBC-I¹ 3344 , cf. 3159 and TBC-LL¹ 5685 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib (of Moses praying during the slaughter of the Amalekites), RC xii 434 .

(b) By extension the arm in general (synon. of lám): doit .i. lam, Cóir Anm. 236 . dóid .i. lámh, O'Cl. trisin doit gl. brachio, Ml. 29b8 . ní ceil a dóe for Láige `his arm doth not fail Laigde', RC xvi 70 ( Dinds. 118 ) = ni chel a dae, AFM 226 (i 110) , ní chél a doe, SG ii 492 ; ni cheil a doid for laga, Lec. 278a4 . co n-eccmoiṅg a láim dói di Lugaid . . . benar a lám dói di choinculainn . . . conid and atá otharlige a chind ┐ a láime dói, RC iii 182 (`right hand', perh. a misinterpreted compd. lámdóe; lam doe, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 17 ). tucastar . . . dóit fri dóit, CRR 45 , 48 , 51 ; FB § 53 . dóid fria dóid ┐ gualaind fri gualaind, CCath. 1722 . dói fri dói, LL 146b51 ( PRIA xix 544 ). ar ndiceannadh mo dóiti, MR 308 . nibtar dermaill a di doit (: cōic), Corm. Y 398 . dóide dromghonta, ML 134 ; TSh. 6614 . i cein cotnicfat ar ndoidi foga do cassad as long as our arms are able to whirl javelins, CCath. 635 ; 662 , 655 . lotar dō iar ndōtib drenn | cōic cōicid in[n]a Erenn `after arms of combats' (i.e. after wrestling, bouts, fights?), ZCP iii 37 = IT i 109 (where Wind. reads iarnd.¤ iron gauntlets). lederthar a doti, PH 1119 . rosiacht a cholpa's a dóit `its shank and its toe' (its leg and its arm?), Metr. Dinds. ii 100 .

(c) hand (esp. in later texts, cf. similar use of lám): gibe díbh gēbhus righe, | ná siritt slata 'na ndoid | acht ó fhior ionaid Maodhóicc, BNnÉ 258 . ceithri . . . binni clis hi cechtar a do dhoit, TBC-I¹ 3396 . do ghlac a arm 's a sgiath 'na dhóid (on his arm?), Oss. iv 132 . ling ar mo theangaid, a Thrinóit, | beandaig ind dot míndóit móir (allusion to hand used in benediction?), ACL iii 241 . méor dhóide, Hackett xxi 23 . iadas . . . na glac-doidi garga . . . tar corp Conaill, MR 256 . gur theilgetar a gcuilg a ndóidib ┐ á nglacaib, SG 272 . gur bheansad dóide feola a corpoibh a cheile handfuls (?), ZCP x 289 . dodracha caipiri `fists of copper', ITS xvii 113 . cnagaire dóide `a knocker ', Ó Bruad. ii 234 .

pn As sobriquet: Ailderg Dóit is leis ar thūs doronait failge ōir im doitib, Rawl. 147a27 . Allerg Doat, ZCP viii 302 . Enna Dóit, Lec. 52a43 . mic Enna Dóit, ITS xv 48 . mac Enna Doat, Rawl. 154b2 . Mael Doid . . . i cnocaib Maele Doaid, Arch. Hib. ii 83 (?).

Compds. ¤buinne: curro cuir comfota dótbuindi dedhlaeich do crund na cruisigi treimit ` champion's armlet ', Grail 884 . ¤chirrad: mo dóit-chirradh, MR 306 . ¤chleth: dóidchleatha meor-laga ` trellis-hand ', Keat. Poems 101 . ¤gel: ben dían d. white-armed , MacCongl. 97 . duine d., Metr. Dinds. iii 108 . ¤lám arm: roiadhadar na dodlamha doleonta . . . tar na dromannaibh, CF 205 ; 357 . snadhmaid na dóidlámha tar chaoldromannaibh a chéile, Oss. iii 94 . Cf. doé láime, lám dói above. ¤lebar long-armed: fri Domhnall d., MR 110 ; 116 , 182 . ¤lethan broad-fisted (?): ina ndóidib détla dóidlethna, SG 265 . ¤mer: Cerball nír dúi ciar dótmer swift to strike, rash (?), LL 201b30 . ¤rig fore-arm (arm ?): rodúin a dá doitrighid im cael a droma, CCath. 2957 . rolá a dá dóitrighidh imme, Moling 8 . roiadhusdair a dha dhóidrigh, ITS v 38 . toccbuis Fer D. eter a dhoidriogaibh mora, ZCP x 297 .

luibenchosach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. luibenchosach or dil.ie/30969
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (luban + cos?). Of an unprepossessing physical feature: an eachlach . . . lubanchosach, YBL 177a34 ; 'having six toes (on each foot)' (?) (or a corruption of lúbchosach 'having bent feet', Celtica xiii 20 ). Usually as metr. term used of a `deach' (q.v.) consisting of six syllables (dialt) and explained by the glossators on the analogy of the five toes and the foot or leg and the five fingers and the hand or arm (see also Murphy Metrics 27 , 88 ): luibenchossach .i. luibne na mér na lāime, ┐ cos eissib sūas ind rig ┐ in doe gusin n-alt na gūailne arsisidar, ar is fri sodain samailter in dēach sin i curp duine. . . . Sē dīalta . . . filet a l.¤ , Corm. Y 447 = in sesed deach luib .i. luibne mér na láime ┐ cossa na mer estib suas .i. in raig ┐ in doit . . . ┐ fri sodain samailter in deach sin i corp duine, Corm. p. 17 . luibheanchosach .i. an chos maille ris na méraibh, no an lámh maille ris na méraibh, O'Cl. da bricht ┐ da luibencosach, IT iii 7 § 6 (see p. 129 - 30 ). dechnad mor cetamus is da luibencosaigh ┐ da bricht filet ann, 7 § 6 n. 2 . dialt . . . ┐ l.¤ , Auraic. 1214 . oenfidh airegda i ndialt . . . a se i l.¤ , 1217 . luibenchossach .i. in choss cona luibnibh .i. na coic meoir ┐ in traigh in sessed, 1424 . As adj. incipit dona laidhibh luibencosacaib, IT iii 94 § 143 . laigh luidencosach, O'D. 1194 ( H 2.15A, 80a ).