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2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( GOI 285 ). Poss. pron. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasalising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán, LU 3231 ( SCC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donlevy vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC-I¹ 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( GOI 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth G. 240 , ( GOI 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruthugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth G. 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth G. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imchossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', Stair Erc. 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, ACL iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', Stair Erc. 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RSClára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modifying verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōrthrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donlevy vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, Stair Erc. 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, 1 degaid, 1 deóin, dochum, éis, 1 muin, 1 son, etc.

7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

abcóit(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abcóit(e) or dil.ie/62

n etc. m. (Engl. or Rom. loanword). advocate : aduocatus .i. abhcoide (abhcoidí, MS.), Ir. Gl. 432 . an tadhbhcoide . . . an Sbiorad naomh, Luc. Fid. 366.3 . an t-aduocáid . . . as mó éolus san dligheadh, Mac Aingil 4715 . mar abhcoid ┐ mar meidium adrainn ┐ in tAthair, Smaointe B. Chr. 2165 . bí at adhbhacóide thairisi damh, ITS xxix 208.22 . co faca a vvhcoittech (for abh-) adochum, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 5 . ar n-abhacóideach Muire, TSh. 33 . abhcóidigh oile nó patrún, Desid. 4084 . tráchtadh . . . ar ár n-adhbhcóidioch . . . .i. Muire, Párl. na mB. 4011 . Muire na habhcóididh edrain ┐ Críosd, Ó Héodhusa 118.11 . an tí bhias 'na bhreithemh agud, atá anois 'na adhbhacōididh agad, Mac Aingil 1508 . fuair compánach an aduocáid bás . . . do iafruidh an t-aduocáid dhe . . ., Mac Aingil 3916 .

acclaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acclaid or dil.ie/152

Forms: ad-claid, aclaide, accaill

vn. of ad-claid. Also aclaide, accaill.

(a) act of hunting, fishing: dochúaid . . . do a.¤ a etrache fora fer flechud o'tchúas . . . gabail brattán dó to angle in the furrows whereon rain had poured, Trip.² 984 . a.¤ eisc do dil na gortai, O'Curry 779 ( H 3.18, 365b ). amail dubanaigh aclaidi quasi hami , Aisl. Tond. 104 § 3 . taibled iall, aclaid iach (pleasures of life in forest), ZCP xiii 278.4 . oc accaill arna bledmīla isin muir (of a bird), Ériu ii 120 § 58 . ? aiscid . . . duit . . . .i. duban ┐ Aicill (aichchill, v.l.) meic Moga, Acall. 7271 . seal ar aclaidh, Measgra D. 42.38 (= do dubhanacht, BCC 436.19 ). slóigh mhillse ón míonaclaidh muir `delightful hosts from whom the sea is easy to fish (i.e. calm)', TD 4.42 . acladh no aclaidh .i. iasgaireachd, O'Cl.

(b) In Laws Comm. act of inculpating, rendering liable (see ZCP xv 352 ): ? fri a.¤ coibche, Laws v 510.23 . Usually in glosses on forms of ad-claid: ni haclaide .i. ata annad aclaidh[e] dligeas gach comaitheach dia raile stay of suit, iv 156.28 . fo-d-aclaid .i. icin a.¤ , v 462.13 . In phrase ní tabair aclaid(e) for: ni aclaidh selb tuinide liuin .i. nocho tabair aclaidh arin liuntach, O'Curry 428 (H 3.18. 233a). ní haclaid tuinide do berar bealltaine .i. ní tabuir aclaidh fair um inní fora roibhe . . ., O'D. 625 (H 3. 17, 465). ata orba nad aclaidead .i. ata firebeda do berar ar in ferand ┐ noco tabair aclaide fiach ar in ti do ní iat, Laws iv 154.15. ma claid . . . .i. is dilius don ceile co na tabar aclaide fiach air, ii 242.23 Comm. ni haclaid indlighidh fri indligthech .i. nocha tabair aclaide fiach ar feichem toichida, O'Curry 338 (H 3. 18, 186b). aclad (leg. aclaid?) .i. ioc fiach, ut est ar n-aclad im chin a slán .i. arna hiocad eneclann ┐ diablad, O'Dav. 113 . ?Also in this sense: tabair tria haccail dia mbrath / i saccaib na Cannanach (of Joseph's instructions to put the king's cup in the baggage of the Canaanites) i.e. to entrap them, SR 3547 .

accomoltae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accomoltae or dil.ie/171

Forms: accomalta, accomallte, acomoltae

io, iā part. of ad-comla. accomalta gl. coniunctus, Sg. 18a1 . combad accomaltisi limsa, Wb. 23a26 . amal . . . ata nacomaltai dun talam as . . . they are united to the earth, Ml. 44c1 . As subst. accomallte gl. socius, Wb. 5b25 . acomoltae gl. coniunx, Sg. 60b20 .

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

3 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 acht or dil.ie/202
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: eacht, echd

n stipulation, condition (specialisation of 1 acht? Cf. also 6 acht). Frequ. in phrase atá a.¤ (le) as a gloss on 1 a.: ata a.¤ and gurab gan dena neich is urrcuillte isin riaghail so Patraicc glossing a.¤ is gin coll cana Patraic do berar, Laws iii 388.4 Comm. a.¤ nad sui for culud . . . .i. achtaigim no ta a.¤ lium ann co na himpatur hí for culud . . ., 78.8 Comm. a.¤ arcuirethar anadh for athgabáil .i. ata a.¤ lium ann chena go . . .. O'Dav. 132 . ata a.¤ leam and cheana ┐ is ed robo em airechtain la sen, Auraic. 505, 2973 . as é a.¤ ar a b-fuilit siat d'á tabairt dóib this is the condition on which they are to surrender it to them, Hy Maine 160.y . ar an a.¤-sa ón uairsi amach / bead gan chéile gan chumthach, KMMisc. 244.17 . do fhaomhus a taphairt dó ar a.¤ fana fagháil slan . . . arís, Feis Tighe Chonáin 717 . le comhall . . . bhar ndísle le a achta feasta `for your fidelity to his injunctions'. Maguires of F. 64 . a.¤ na suadh dá leantar leis `if he would but keep the law of seers', Ó Bruad. ii 238.4 . Later also spelled eacht, echd: eacht 'a term or condition, an act or deed', P. O'C. gur chuir fuireann leo go hÉirinn...ar eacht go mbeidís... umhal dó, Keat. ii 1139, ii 5010 . tug E. ar na heachtaibh sin triúr ban dóibh 'upon those conditions', Keat. ii 1791 . ar gceangal ar na heachtaibh sin dóibh, Keat. iii 5024 . do cheannaidh [Críost] sin[n]...ar an echd ┐ ar an cconndar do thug- air Dia, Luc. Fid. 232.16 . gur chuir comhairle S. d'eacht ┐ d'forcongra ar an Iustís...an Rúta do thabhairt..., AFM v 1818 x . do bhí dh'eacht ar ó nE...deaghmholta cháigh do cheannuch, TD 31.12, cf. 9.17 . gach lánamhain díobh do roicheadh i n-eachtaibh ┐ i gconnarthaibh a chéile 'into treaty and contract', Keat. ii 3846 . do-rinne mé eacht rem ṡúilibh 'covenant', Job xxxi 1 . Cf. IGT Decl. § 95. ex. 1703 .

ad-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad- or dil.ie/247
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: á, ad-, ad-, as-, ad-

prep. prefix used to form compds. See GOI § 822 ; O'Rahilly, Celtica i 337f. ; Breatnach, Éigse vi 339 . In close compds. remains as ad- before vowels and earlier w (preserved as spirant b): adamrae (amrae), adblam (ad-fo-lam).

The d is assimilated to c, t, g, d, b, s, m: abbrón (brón), Celtica xiii 14.258 . -accobra (adcobra), atrab (ad-treb), acarb, ag(g)arb (ad + garb), atód (ad-do-) apuide, abbuide (ad + buide), aslach (ad-slig), ammus (ad-mess). In the case of m, however, O'Rahilly, loc. cit., regards adm- as the regular development e.g. admass (ad + mass), admat (ad + muinethar), admall (ad + mall), admolaid (ad + m.). Before an original u in follg. syll.: audbirt, idbart, edbart (*ad-uss-bert), aupaid, epaid (ad-buith). Before r, l, n appears as á: áram (ad-rím), fo-álgim (*fo-ad-log-), áinsem (*ad-nessam). As perfective particle, see GOI § 532 . In pretonic position always ad-: ad-ella, ad-cobra, ad-gládathar, ad-slig, ad-midethar, ad-rími etc. except before t and d, to which the d is assimilated: attá, atá (ad-tá), ataimet (ad-daimet). For the forms with infix. pronouns see GOI §§ 412, 413 . The fact that ad- and ess- fall together before inf. pronouns has sometimes led to ad- being replaced by as- in pretonic position e.g. as-roilli beside ad-roilli (prototonic -árilli -áirilli). Sometimes ad- replaces in- in pretonic position e.g. ad-cumaing (prototonic -ecmaing), see GOI § 842 B (1) . Meaning orig. to, towards e.g. ad-gúisi hopes (wishes towards). In many compds. however it has a purely intensive sense e.g. adúath great terror; admór very great; admolaid praises highly. See various compds. below.

See ath-.

ád

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ád or dil.ie/251

Forms: áda, ág

n g s. áda. Also spelt ág. good luck, prosperity, success: imridh an t-ágh na fhochoir i.e. fortune favours him, Arch. Hib. i 90 § x . o rancadar dar sál sair / co n-á.¤ is co n-ollbladaib, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.2 . sgiamh co n-agh, MR 228.1 . ni dam agh-sa a indesen it is not a good thing for me to have to tell it, Anecd. iii 47.10 . ni ar eirig ádh na amhantur dhoibh, ALC ii 498.2 . ní ḟaghaim ágh ná éadáil `luck or fortune', Content. ii 53 . is ádh don tuaith gan luach iona gcaithfeadh proinn `the common people's lot is not to have their dinner's price', Ó Bruad. ii 20.25 . ní fhéadann an tnúthach . . . ágh a chomharsan d'fhaigsin, TSh. 9319 . d'ádh éanorchair through a single lucky shot? (or perh. to be referred to 2 ág), Aithd. D. 23.32 . In phrase (atá) d'á.¤ ar: dol tar a riaghail d'ágh ort `thou hast the luck to over-step their rule', Studies 1920, 262.6 . grádh ar m'aire acht a hannsa / ní raibhe d'ádh oramsa, Aithd. D. 12.23 . dá mbeath d'ádh ar Oileach Néid / fa soidheach lán a leithéid if fortune favoured O., DDána 76.12 , With defining gen. ádh urroma the good fortune to be respected. DDána 100.22 . laoich uaisle go n-ágh n-oinigh `the noble warriors of triumphant honour', Studies 1920, 567.12 . ádh orchra i.e. absence of trouble, Aithd. D. 3.3 . Common in chevilles: mor int adh, Fen. 244.1 . Mamínítus fa mor ag (: imslan), MacCarthy 312.4 . līth n-ágha, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1518 . is scél ádha, Acall. 659 .

ad-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-aig or dil.ie/259
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a-tom-aig, a-tob-aich, a-tn-agat, adagar, adagatar, a-tn-aig, ad-aigtis, ad-n -agad, atagtha, a-tan-ebla, adeblad, adacht, adachtatár, atachtsat, adacht, adachta, at(n)aigid

v Usually given as compd. of aigid ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ), but in conjunct position -aig only is found. Perh. orig. ad-aig, -aig, a verb of the type described GOI § 543 (a) (ro-cluinethar etc.). Hence ad-aig here with deut. forms only and without vn. In mid. Ir. very common with tautological inf. pron. 3 s.m. (atn-aig). See aigid.

Indic. pres. 3 s. a-tom-aig, Wb. 10d26 . a-tob-aich, 9c20 . 3 pl. a-tn-agat, TBFr. 273 . Pass. sg. adagar, BB 252b27 . Pl. adagatar, Críth G. 93 . Ipv. 2 s. a-tn-aig, TBC-I¹ 935 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. ad-aigtis, MR 256.24 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ad-n -agad, Laws v 466.5 . Pass. sg. atagtha, Ériu ii 122 § 63 . Fut. 3 s. a-tan-ebla, Sc.M² § 3 . 3 pl. adeblad, RC xxi 382.12 v.l. pret. 3 s. adacht, LL 4899 . 3 pl. adachtatár, LU 5344 . atachtsat, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . Pass. sg. adacht, LL 13608 . Pl. adachta, Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). Later as simple vb. at(n)aigid.

(a) drives, impels to (DO): cid atobaig dó `what impels you to it?' Wb. 19d10 . is foirbthetu hirisse attotaig do neoch dogní `we know it is perfection of faith that impels thee to what thou doest', 6c16 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi dognethe frib `what impels you not to forgive every injury that may have been done to you?', 9c20 . dílmaine aisndísen atannaig[n]i do, Ml. 93d12 . ar is ainbfius ┐ seimple adidnuid do, Laws i 94.7 . adaig a mmairtorad do digh `the produce of the sea impels one to drink', Ériu xii 20 § 25 . atnaig G. dó assin tig G. drove him out of the house, LL 13590 . atnaig dó for teiched, 13610 . Of driving animals etc.: fer adaig secht mbu i tir a cheile, Laws iii 128.2 . fer idaig cethra . . . ina fér . . . amail bid a cethra fodesin adnagad ind, v 466.4 . at-nagar gamain istech die marbad, Ériu vii 198 § 6 . ad-nagar cæra histech, 199 § 7 = doberar, 6 §§ 6, 7 . atnaigset na huain . . . docum a mmaithrech, Lism. L. 86 . adnaig tar fot cruach i nardnimed `he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary', Ériu xii 83.14 . adacht Laigniu he drove the Leinstermen before him, LL 4899 . a.¤ i tenid sets on fire : adachtatár in crích hi tenid, LU 5344 (TBC). Note also: atan-ebla i luim luaith who will reduce us to bare ashes, Sc.M² 3 . ? adadar (adagar v.l.) tene ind, Trip.² 605 . atasaigid hi tenid, Cymmr. xiv 114.13 .

(b) pushes, thrusts, places, puts: ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire he puts the head beside him, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). benais mír don staic . . . ┐ ataig . . . ina beol, MacCongl. 65.11 ( LB 217a28 ). atnaig in di oibill . . . isin tellach, adnaidh a formna re comlaidh in dorois, Aen. 2296 . roadnacht F. grainne n-oir fo slinnen [a maic], ZCP ii 134 § 4 (form influenced by ad-anaig). atnaig C. foí atherruch C. thrusts him under it again (of wrestling in water), LU 5232 (TBC) = TBC-I¹ 755 . ataig a bratt tairsiu a triur, IT ii2 210.65 . ce at agtha fo claideb `though they were put to the sword', Ériu ii 122 § 63 . atnaigh-sium a mher tharse plied his finger over it (of playing the harp), RC vi 183.15 . atagat láim tairsiu they ravage them LL 231b5 ( TTr. 1046 ). atagat . . . cath cróda they prosecute a valiant fight TFerbe 741 . atnaig a bendachtain for Jacob, LB 114a5 . a.¤ aithne (for) recognises: ad-n-aig Corpre Músc aithne conarb' é Mac Con 'Corpre Músc realized that it was not Mac Con', CMMucr. (CCA) 92 § 13 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair, IT i 126.9 .

(c) inflicts, imposes on (FOR): ataigh Midir . . . tri plagha foraibh, BB 390a39 . ataig cummasc . . . forsna slúagu `he caused the slaughter of the hosts', TTr.² 1480 . atachtsat (.i. tucsat) doeire forra, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir C. fria comall, MacCongl. 23.3 . ataigtis ratha airib / secht n-airig ata inir, LL 2596 . cach nidnacul .i. adanaig fair in flaith, O'Curry 830 (H 3.18, 380b). attaig Moysi forro in dam orda . . . do merliugud M. obliges them to destroy (?) the golden calf, BB 241a47 = atnaig, LB 120a37 . YBL 291a27 .

(d) proffers, gives: tescaid . . . in clérech a lúdain de ┐ atnaig don filid, Fél. 70.9 . ataig in poíc di ar dig, LL 4598 = dorat ind póice dí ar dig, Ériu iv 102.2 . adnaig side grád don gilla, RC v 200 § 15 . atnagar biad doib, MR 10.12 . ataig cuit cach trir, LU 1816 . atnagar cennacht macraidi Ulad do Choin Chulaind, LU 10494 . atnaghar doib Cú na cles `C. is surrendered to them', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.22 . adnaigh .i. tabairt nó tidlacad ut est atnaigh uait surrender it, O'Dav. 131 . Of giving a blow: ataig taithbéim dia claidiub dóib, LU 3264 ( SCC § 6 ). atnaig T. bulli do, LL 329a7 .

(e) carries, brings: ataig C. lais ina fúair d'ór, TFerbe 745 . atnaig corp a athar leiss, LU 2796 . atnagad leo cen fhis they take him with them, YBL 139a45 .

(f) raises, puts forth (cry, shout): atreset iarsin ┐ dobérat (atbelat, adeblad, addeablatt v.l. ) an óengáir eisib, RC xxi 382.12 and n. andar lat batar fir betha adaigdis breisim foé Ériu xii 178 § 7 . atnagat a ṅgol, TBFr. 273 . ataig a díchelta ass he gives forth his secrets, LU 4457 . atnaig a gloim n-archon for aird, LL 12897 .

(g) a.¤ mnaí takes a wife (cf. do-beir m.): atnaigh mnai an Dunchada `he married the wife of D.', TFrag. 56.9 .

(h) undertakes, sets about, begins (with oc and vn.): atnagait (leg. ata-agat, Stories from Táin) . . . oc imtrascrad they set to wrestling, LU 5230 (TBC). atagat (atberat v.l. Ériu iv 102.41 ) ca rád ra Níall / dul don tiprait . . ., LL 4604 . attaig Isac ac lamachtad a láimí, BB 236b18 . atnaig oc blassachtaig `he began smacking his lips', MacCongl. 47.12 . Note also: atnaig in druí . . . for imthecht, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.29 . adnaig for iarraidh A `he went in search of A', Aen. 2656 .

(i) goes, proceeds: atnaig Ethne fades, LU 4465 . adnaig remib co Mag nGlass he sets out at their head to Mag nGlass, Ériu v 236.64 . atnaig E. i cocud crúaid `E. departs to stern strife', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.129 . adnaigh 'san imruagadh `he betook himself to flight', Aen. 2846 . atnaig and lá n-óen i m-boith aroli meic lēgind he goes into the cell of a certain student, MacCongl. 53.21 . atnagat uile inna agaid fadeoig, RC v 199 § 8 . atnagat (do chuiriter v.l.) nói do chauradaib ina dochum dia marbad, Otia ii 86 § 4 . atnaigim isin cuchtair, MacCongl. 91.17 . ataigimm isin tech mor, z 0 . Impers. atnagar hi cend breithi do breith they proceed to judge, 21.13 .

adamas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adamas or dil.ie/286

n o, m. (Lat. adamas) adamant: mar tairrnges adhamas (an ta-, v.l.) an tiarann cuici, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.26 . mar ata ag adhamas ar in iarann, 25 . is inann an t-adhamus ┐ a[n] maghnés ` loadstone ', Maund. 139 . clocha adhamuis, 240 . adamus cloch sin dogabar a crich na hIndiat, Celtica ii 70.21 . Cf. adamaint.

ad-amraigedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-amraigedar or dil.ie/291

Forms: adamrigethar, adamrigedar, adamraigetar, adnamraigther, adamraigetar, roadamrigther, adruamraigset

denom. of adamrae, but in O. Ir. glosses treated as compd. vb. (except in Wb. 16c3 cited below) wonders (at), marvels (at). Indic. pres. 3 s. is hed adamrigethar , Wb. 5c16 . inna hí adamrigedar , Ml. 64c19 . 3 pl. adamraigetar gl. mirantur, 124a6 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adnamraigther gl. mirari, 56b39 . 3 pl. co adamraigetar gl. ut mirentur omnes, 39b8 . Pass. sg. con roadamrigther dia triit, Wb. 12d29 . Perf. 3 pl. adruamraigset gl. mirati, 88a18 .

As simple vb. is hed noadamrugur, Wb. 16c3 . a m-moltais ┐ an-n-adamraigtis in Comdid, RC ix 478.17 . adamhraigther ┐ oirrdercaigt[h]er an scel, Fl. Earls 128 z . ro adhamhraig in draí an firt, Lat. Lives 70.6 .

Verbal of necess.: innahi ata adamraigthi, Ml. 64c3 . as nadamraigthi, 69c1 .

Vn. adamrugud.

1 adarc, aiderc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adarc, aiderc or dil.ie/307

Forms: adharc

n ā, f. adharc f. IGT Decl. § 12 . See ZCP xxv 11 . horn (of an animal). hua nadarcaib gl. cornibus, Ml. 63b17 . tob di humu fochosmailius nadarcae, 2b16 , 116c8 . is and ro lásat a n-adarca díb, TBFr. 427 . co mbertatár a puple inna n-adarcaib and carried off their tents on their horns (of cattle), LU 6208 (TBC). isin adhairc go na slibac, Laws iii 370.8 Comm. caithchi cethra . . . caitce a nadhairce, iv 146.6 Comm. dobeir les tarb ┐ a aiderc i na laim, Aen. 1069 . gúal adhairce charcoal made from horn, see gúal. is gnáth úirlis uí Dhubhda gan adharca bruic `badgers' horns' (something imaginary, non-existent), Ó Bruad. i 76 xiv . adhlacadh a adhairce níor fhéad i gclais `he never could bury his horn in a ditch (i.e. cannot be prevented from exercising charity)', ii 206.7 . a chocóil na hadhairce (of a cuckold), O'Rah. (1909) 296.13 . Of a colour: tri .l. c. n-anart n-imda / co ndath n-a.¤ mirrda mán, LL 296a23 . ( SG 362.14 ). si glaucus . . . .i. madh ata a ndath ghlaucus no mar adhairc sholuis, 23 K 42 , 120.8 . Drinking-horn: do bi a.¤ . . . ar altair . . . do theighedh tri gloine dfhin . . . san aidhirc sin, L. Chl. S. § 22 . Inkhorn: an adharc duibh, ZCP x 230.27 . do lebar ┐ t'adharc ┐ do pend, Acall. 608 . Cupping-horn: aran inadh a curtar na hadurca, Rosa Angl. 24.11 . curtur adurc maille fuiliugud ar cul in cinn, 204.10 . gibne .i. a.¤ lege, Corm. Y 732 . Horn as musical instrument: gilla adhairc gl. cornicen, Ir. Gl. 1018 . adarca fur[ḟ]occra, CCath. 5616 . foran adhairc nfurfhocurtha `on the warning trumpet', Stair Erc. 173 . adharca áigh ┐ cuisleanna catha, TSh. 6703 . Part of the shaft of a weapon: manaís bréfech o mimusc co hadairc, LU 5638 (= TBC-I¹ 1159 ). in cnairseach da dorn deg itir a hiarann ┐ an baile a negarthar a hadharc fuirre a fochair .i. a hurlann, Laws iv 226.10 . aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae .i. ind a.¤ dub bis mon gai, Auraic. 1621 . Perh. confused with adart in: claideb ōrduirn foa choim cech ḟir, ferbolc impu cotici a ndī aithircc, ardarcc (sic) ōir bric im chechtar de, TBC-I¹ 2852 . See TBC-LL¹ 4397 cited s.v. frithadart.

In phr. aidherc reithe, name of a metrical fault consisting of the absence of a stressed word between the consonating and rhyming words of a couplet: aidhearc reithe i nda aisde .i. i rrannaidheacht big ┐ i rannaidheacht moir, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 34, 35 .

adastar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adastar or dil.ie/322

Forms: a.

n o, m. halter: a.¤ gl. capistrum, Ir. Gl. 820 . adastor .i. comsuidiugud o ilrannaib uil and, O'Mulc. 100 . im srian, im all, im adastor, Laws i 124.14 . adbar na mbróg no na nadastor, O'D. 1678 (H. 5.15 p. 28a). a.¤ lāra il-lāim a mare's bridle, IT iii 82 § 64 . [a] a.¤ ┐ a ellach / d'imin úr, MacCongl. 81.3 . agastar agarb iarrainn / atá ar chenn in eich sin, SG 260.15 . m'aghastar ón m'agastar / . . . / gid bó dhub chuiredh nech ionn / do bud bó fhionn i gcédáir, 249.4 . g s. as attrib. haltered, bridled: sē mīli ech n-adhustoir led horses(?), ZCP xiii 12.11 . bo adhastair as gach creich, BNnÉ 202 § 42 . As a nick-name: Mac mic girr an adhastair, AU iii 32.8 .

ad-boind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-boind or dil.ie/368

Forms: a-t-bois, ad-bo, -arfastar, apad, aptha

v ( ad-bond-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 476 ). Subj. Pres. 2 s. a-t-bois, O'Dav. 89 . 3 s. ad-bo, ib. ? Pass. (with ro) -arfastar (= árbastar?), Laws ii 48.4 . Cf. as-boind with which this vb. is sometimes confused and to which some of the exx. below may belong.

Proclaims, gives notice or warning (DO to): do gaib na heocho . . . ┐ ata-boind do fir bede heich and gives notice of them to the man whose they are, Laws iv 104.z. Comm. atabaind . . . fo na cricha he gives notice of them throughout the country, 106.3 Comm. adbonnar do flaith do eclais `let it be proclaimed to the chief, to the church', iii 298.6 . ni gaibther athgabail neimhe[d] graid flatha . . . co n-arfastur (= árbastar?) doib cu dechmuid `till notice be given to them of ten days', ii 48.4 . co n-arfastar doib fo lin fiadan, v 442.21 . lecidh in fear a cetmuindtir ┐ atboind na tucadh neach, 200.14 Comm. atbonnar do cach fia fiadnaib tuidhecht di, O'Curry 476 (H 3.18 p. 248). atboind ratha rechta, 2486 ( Eg. 88 fo. 39 (40)c ). ar apndachaib fine .i. adbonn fine a curu, 837 (H 3.18, p. 382a). o adponnar if notice be given, 797 (H 3. 18, p. 370b). for fuigell . . . atabonar, O'D. 2212 ( Nero A vii p. 146b ). in la segar ise la adbonar, 620 ( H 3.17 col. 461 ). adbo .i. urfocraim .i. obaim nó atboinn nó atbois ut est atbois a réir britheman, O'Dav. 89 . ? atbois .i. tobach ceni torbois .i. cenipe tualaing, O'Curry 1975 ( H 4.22, 17 ).

Vn. apad.

Part. aptha.

ad-claid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-claid or dil.ie/392
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ad-claid, arclaid, -aclaid, adcladat, -accladat, -aclaidead, ad-clais, -aclais, ad-cichlus, acclaidset, -arcechlath, acclaid(e), accail, aurclaidid, acláiset, conclaidhsid

v ( ad-clad-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 492 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-claid, ZCP xv 351 § 40 . With prefix ar: arclaid, LU p. 310 note d . -aclaid, O'D. 625 ( H 3.17, 465c6 ). 3 pl. adcladat, Ml. 112b2 . -accladat, Críth G. 559 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -aclaidead, Laws iv 154.12 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ad-clais, Trip.² 986 . -aclais, O'Curry 463 (H 3.18, 245). Fut. 1 s. ad-cichlus, Thes. ii 48.6 . pret. 3 pl. ? acclaidset, Metr. Dinds. ii 82.z . Perf. pass. sg. -arcechlath (better -āroechlath, ed.), Bürgschaft 18 § 56 .

Vn. acclaid(e), accail.

(a) fishes, hunts: an adcladat gl. aucupantes Ml. 112b2 . adcichlus gl. uenabor, Thes. ii 48.6. 362.z . ar a roí ad-clais lindi, Trip.² 986 . i tig fir arclaid iasc i mmuir ethiíar, LU p. 310 note d . iss e atclaid na hiasco fo [ṡ]náad fo moirib, ZCP iii 239.z . ?afraigid, rīg Macha aurc[h]laidmig far mbū tesorcid far mbroit catch your cows(?), TBC-I¹ 3456 (the siglum for m seems to be later (edd.): leg. aurclaidid?) (cf. afraigid rig M. aurclichid ┐rl., 3081 ). ?With meaning of con-claid digs: ite cen meth . . . / acclaidset múr nAlinde `dug the rampart of A.', Metr. Dinds. ii 82.z . (roclaisead, acláiset, conclaidhsid v. ll.). Possibly also: ra accallset sída fo thalmain dóib, MU² 9 (referred in Gloss. to ad-gíalla, see ad-gíall(n)a).

(b) Legal inculpates, renders liable: trí aurrach nád accladat ríg three requisitions which do not inculpate a king, Críth G. 559 . sleth . . . atá tucht ad-claid bein .i. ce[n] [eri]cc i saide dia fir there is one way in which it inculpates a woman, ZCP xv 351 § 40 . mana airigt[h]er fair isin treide seo, ni sui meth forsin ceili de [mad]claid airigu[d] dilis if the testing inculpates (of testing malt), xiv 348.14 , xv 259.36 . ata orba nad aclaidead, Laws iv 154.12 . ni haclaide (sic. ?Leg. -ed) ain bo do tarb, 156.21 . ni hacluid fuata nathgabala, ii 82.1 . ní haclaid tuinide do berar bealltaine .i. ní tabuir aclaidh fair um inní for a roibhe a thuinidhe o bealltaine go bealltaine, O'D. 625 ( H 3.17, col. 465 - 466 ). ár ní haclaid nach toirisiudh co nairille, 592 ( H 3.17, col. 448 ). ni aclaid selb tuinide liuin .i. nocho tabair aclaid arin liuntach, O'Curry 428 ( H 3.18, 233a ) = Laws iv 270.7 . ma imgabaid eces dama, ni acclaid crod a thigi it does not make the property of his house liable, ZCP xvi 222.17 . as-comrar na arcechlath I have paid and it has not rendered me liable, Bürgschaft 18 § 56 .

ad-comairc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-comairc or dil.ie/399

Forms: athchomarcaid, atom-athcomairc, athchomarc

v (* aith-com-arc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 457 ). Also as simple vb. athchomarcaid. asks, questions. Indic. pres. 3 s. dothaet . . . do thig a aite ┐ adcomaircc imbatar oegid isunn and asks if there were guests there, Rawl. 126b33 . ni athcomairc in dorsaid a thaidecht nonbar hi Caisil i.e. he may enter with a company of 9 without challenge from the door-keeper, Irish Texts i 20 § 11 . Pass. sg. ata aurba . . . nad aclaidead . . . adcomarcar uile `leave is asked about them all', Laws iv 154.21 . co natcomaircter nde cid ted, RC xiii 222.4 . Ipv. 2 s. atom-athcomairc ask me, RC xii 76 § 59 f. (the form may belong to a decompound, see ad-athchomairc (sic leg.), where a similar ex. from the same passage is given). Subj. pres. pass. sg. dia nathcomarcar in tan oslaicter . . . mana athcomarctar itir, Laws iv 156.10 . Impf. 3 pl. dus ind aith-comraictis banscale fris `whether women took counsel of him', Mon. Tall. 150.18 (§ 61) . Pret. 3 s. icad smacht na hoirgne . . . ar ni athcomarc for he did not ask leave, Laws iv 156.16 . Perf. 2 s. in scēl roathcomaircís. RC x 185.6 . 3 s. ma ro aithcomairc seom init bidbad do neoch isin tuaith ┐ ni ro ataim dó, O'Curry 609 (H 3. 18. 297). ro athcomhaircc an justis cia an mbratach, AFM v 1588.5 .

Vn. athchomarc .

ad-comla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-comla or dil.ie/400

Forms: ad-comla, a-t-comla, ad-ind-chomlat, adcomaltar, -accomoltar, adcomlatar, -acomlatar, adcomaltar, -accomaltar, adchomlatar, adrochomolta, -accomalta, adrochomul, adcomaill, comlasat, ros ocomlad, accomaltae, accomol, accomlaid

v (* ad-com-la-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-comla, Wb. 3c13 . a-t-comla som, 4a10 . 3 pl. ad-ind-chomlat. Sg. 212b7 . Pass. sg. adcomaltar, Sg. 148b9 . -accomoltar, 188a15 . Pl. adcomlatar, 51b13 . -acomlatar, 198a20 . Subj. pres. pass. sg. adcomaltar, Sg. 63a17 . -accomaltar, 197b17 . Pl. adchomlatar, Ml. 35b2 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. adrochomolta, Sg. 188a16 . -accomalta, ZCP vii 484.30 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrochomul, Ml. 58b12 . adcomaill, LL 750 . 3 pl. (with tmesis) ata coraib comlasat , ZCP xii 365.23 . Pass. sg. ros ocomlad, Trip.² 2072 .

Part. accomaltae.

Vn. accomol.

Later as simple vb. accomlaid.

Joins, unites: is in óin persin atacomla `it is in one person that it joins itself', Sg. 208a10 . amal adindchomlat coniunctiones `as conjunctions join', 212b7 . adcomlatar gl. iniungantur, Ml. 35b2 . co roaccomalta gl. copularetur, ZCP vii 484.30 (Enchir. Aug.). innahisiu adrochomul, Ml. 58b12 . tor Conaind co méit airgne / adcomaill col cét milte, LL 750 . is é ro-accomail in eclais cechtardai, PH 7066 . With tmesis: ar conrarcicht selba . . . ata coraib comlasat comdliged mainche morfaeidm flaithemnuis, ZCP xii 365.23 . do etarscarath neich adrocomallnad (leg. adrochomlad?) tria mierlegend, Hib. Min. 307 . Joins to, with (DO, FRI, LA): do genitin articuil adcomaltar in gerind `to the genitive of the article is joined the gerund', Sg. 148b9 . air dianaccomaltar pronomen naill do, Sg. 197b17 . ara chosmili frisa cétnide dia naccomoltar, 188a15 . ró pridach Pátraic dí coros ocomlad don tairgertaig spirtalta, Trip.² 2072 . ronaccomail Eláir do Mártain araile sechtarétsíd dia forcetul, RC ii 390 § 19 . uracomol cis neimid .i. in ní for a firaccomailter a cis do neimed `by which his rent is truly secured to a n.-person', Laws iv 6.y Comm. ro-n-accomailset do'n cháisc `they brought it (Lent) into conjunction with Easter', PH 5006 . o ro-s-accomail do fen when he united it (the Church) to Himself, 4553 . atcomlasom friu ardis lemnethu de do hícc, Wb. 4a10 . adcomla friu fessin in fect so `he joins Himself to them now', 3c13 . adcomlatar sidi fri cach tuisel `these are joined to every case', Sg. 51b13 . ciad- comaltar oppidum friss, Sg. 63a17 . fobith inna cenel . . . frisanacomlatar, 198a20 . ní accomlatar epactae . . . fri riaglóri, Thes. ii 17.27 . (BCr.) atcomlasom híc lasnahí dofuircifea bráth i mbethu `he joins himself híc with those whom the Judgement will find alive', Wb. 25b16 . Note also: mar rohaccomlait mar aen / in t-uiscce is in fīn, RC xxxvii 346 § 33 .

1 ad-cumaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ad-cumaing or dil.ie/411

Forms: adcumaing, atchomaing, ad-comaicc, -ecmaic, -ecmaing, ecmaiṅger, -ecmongar, adcoimced, adcoimged, -ecm(a)i, -ecma, adchomga, -ecmonga, ad-comnaicc, ecmong, ad-comnaicc, adh-comnaccair, adcæmnacair, ecomnechair, atacomcussa, adcomchaissem, -ecmaingsem, adcomcisset, adcoimcaiset, at comgaisit, ecmong, -ecmaic, -ecmaing, ecmong

v (*in-com-icc). Indic. pres. 3 s. adcumaing, Ml. 19c11 . atchomaing, 24c16 (with inf. pron.). ad-comaicc, BDD² 1475 . See GOI p. 354 . Prot. -ecmaic, -ecmaing, used in Mid. Ir. in absolute position in sense (b) below. ?Pass. ecmaiṅger, Ériu vii 6.21 = -ecmongar, 199.7 (in sense of con-icc?). ? Impf. 3 s. adcoimced, LU 7993 ( = ad-comaicc, BDD² 1528 ). adcoimged, O'Mulc. 578 ( = adcomced, Rawl. 108b 37 ). Subj. pres. 3 s. -ecm(a)i, -ecma, Wb. 5b35 , Ml. 15d5 , LU 5855 . Later adchomga, Ériu vii 168.8 . -ecmonga, ii 122 § 62 . pret. and perf. are not distinguished, the most usual form being the 3 s. ad-comnaicc with inf. pron. as verb of existence (see (b) below). Apart from this construction special pret. forms occur mainly in the sense strikes , which is not found in the vn. ecmong (see (a) below). In the other meanings the pres. is frequently used as a historic tense (cf. Études Celt. iii 232 ). pret. 3 s. ad-comnaicc ( happened ), BDD² 1478 (see note.) With depon. inflexion adh-comnaccair, 1477 . adcæmnacair, TBC-I¹ 2248 . ? ecomnechair, ZCP viii 307.25 . As s-pret. 1 s. atacomcussa, LU 9388 . 1 pl. adcomchaissem, Ériu ii 122 § 62 . -ecmaingsem, Fél. Ep. 7 ( -ecmaicsim, O'Dav. 775 ). 3 pl. adcomcisset, Wb. 4d13 . adcoimcaiset, Trip.² 1648 . at comgaisit , O'Curry 2022 ( H 4.22, 49 ).

Vn. ecmong.

There are two meanings, (a) strikes (trans.), (b) happens . As prot. -ecmaic -ecmaing and vn. ecmong are found only in sense (b), and the s-pret. (found in O. Ir. glosses) only in sense (a) there may have been two distinct compound verbs. See, however, MU² 1049 and Ériu v 242.153 cited below under (a). But sense (b) could have arisen from sense (a), where, on the other hand, a compd. of icc could have been influenced by or conflated with boingid or a compd. thereof. Treated as one vb. by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 555) and Thurn. ( GOI 354 ).

(a) strikes, cuts: adcomcisset ilbéim friss, Wb. 4d13 . atchomaing friagitofil `he struck it against A.,' Ml. 24c16 . roáil .i. adcumaing gl. inimicorum ora pulsavit, 19c10 , 11 . adcoimcaiset crandú fri scíathu, Trip.² 1648 . atascomaing for oenchlaich he slew them on the same stone, SR 5320 . atacomoṅg dooenbeim, 6920 . díbaircid dí conda-ecmaic, MU² 1049 . manid in Leuidan . . . ad-comaicc a erball do thochur in beatha, BDD² 502 . adcomaing cach fer dīb biur n-indamsa, adcomchusa a mbiursa (leg. mo biur-sa?) tria cechtarde seom, TBC-I¹ 2825 . is and atcomaic ruadan in dub themrach (.i. cloc) isin tellach, LB 260b29 = adcomaing, YBL 136a27 . co necmaing a ceand dia suidiu `shore his head from off him', Ériu v 242.153 (to be referred to (b)?).

(b) happens, chances (frequ. in O. Ir. glosses in subjunct. with neg. glossing Lat. nē: coníecmi nádnairchissa gl. ne forte nec tibi parcat, Wb. 5b35 . Ml. 15d5 , 121c13 , 122b5 . KZ xxix 372 . nad n-ecma nad benur do chend dít, LU 5855 (TBC.2 1384). mad dia n-ecma nach ceallach if any dissension arises, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 92 § 17 . tar crich aranecmai a saíd bre ca[i]ch on which somebody's property happens to be(?), Laws i 78.18 . ad-comnaiccc (sic) corthi cloiche foa chosaib Meic C. there happened to be, BDD² 1478 . ad-cumaing an abhann ina tuinn amail robhaoi riamh, Ériu xiii 13.6 . co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all so that his forehead struck against the cliff, LU 8934 . ecmaic aroli fer chucca, PH 929 . eacmaing Fint dia tofund happened to go hunting them, ZCP viii 105.9 . The form ecmaing, ecmaic it happens (-ed) occurs with various constructions: ecmaing is dó nach terc ní, ZCP vii 269 § 14 . adcumbec bid mairb dia mairt, xiii 376 n. 7 ( iii 462, xx 223 ). ecmaic boí a chlaideb hi farrad Fergusa, LU 5405 ( TBC-I¹ 927 ). ecmaing . . . cocualutur ni, Fél.² cxxviii 22 . ecmaing nocha n-erbert riam, Anecd. ii 69.4 . eacmaing a bhaí ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 (TBFr.).

With inf. pron. lit. it has happened to x (to be), hence as verb of existence, the whole group usually being tantamount to a personal pron. (see GOI 480 ): cindas persine attotchomnicc what kind of person art thou? Wb. 6b 13 . Setanta mac Sualtaim atomchomnaicse, LU 4892 ( TBC-I¹ 405 ). ardchaerich adobcomnaic-si ye are mighty sheep, Anecd. i 41.25 . na haiti rosnaltadar ┐ na dá Maine ... ┐ ata-comnaicsi fa-deisin and she herself, BDD² 106 . dogairet i[n]na h-uile Érennaig atotchomnaicc are calling thee, Trip.² 258 . ní mó na mod maccáin lee atacaemnaic, TBC-LL¹ 1632 (in dar le ni mo ina meid mic bhic boi ann, St.) ?atamchomnaic dirgitetaid mo Crist cumachtaig, LU 1152 (ACC). di glain gil atacomnaicc it is (made) of clear crystal, 2039 ( FA 11 ). atacaemhnacair osse . . . merdána, CCath. 347 v.l. laoch amra . . . Art C. atacomhnaic to wit, Hugh Roe 14.12 . In colophon: finit Dubaltach Firbisigh adomcomhnvic, Goid. 79 . Note also: atacomnaic mac laiside .i. Néde, RC xxvi 8.4 . i ndomnach adcoemnaccair Día in sássad nemda .i. in maind, Ériu ii 198.12 (cf. do-indnaig).

ad-ella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ella or dil.ie/433
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ataella, -aidle, adnellat, aidlidh, ad-ellad, -aidled, ad-rella, atella, āirle, roadelta, atdubelliub, adnelliub, adeilliub, -adliub, -aidlibe, -aidliba, -aidlébthai, ad-ella, ad-ell, edla, ad-rell, -adallsat, adalsad, ad-ralsat, aidled, aidlid, adall

v (* ad-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ataella, Wb. 19b15 . -aidle, LL 204a32 . 3 pl. adnellat, Ml. 102a15 . Ipv. 2 p. aidlidh, Gael. 50, 123 ( Blathm. 53 ). Impf. 3 s. ad-ellad, Mon. Tall. 132.1 (§ 11) . -aidled, ACC 94 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. (with -ro-) ad-rella, Fianaig. 14.29 . 3 s. atella, Trip.² 2158 . nīs āirle , CB 180 § 59 gl. 9 . Impf. 2 s. roadelta, RC iii 176.34 .

Fut. 1 s. atdubelliub, Wb. 7a4 . adnelliub, 14a6 . adeilliub, a7 . -adliub, RC ii 176.33 . 3 s. -aidlibe, Trip.² 864 . -aidliba, BDD² 1251 (= -aidléba, LU 7718 ). Condit. pass. sg. -aidlébthai, BDD² 709 .

Pret. and perf. 3 s. ? ad-ella, Thes. ii 320.7 (or historic pres., Ped. loc. cit.). ad-ell, LU 4981 . ? edla, Ériu viii 28.24 . ad-rell, SR 7631 . 3 pl. -adallsat, Blathm. 72 . adalsad, TBC-I¹ 2908 . ad-ralsat, Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . pass. sg. cen cor aidled , O'Dav. 1373 . Later as simple vb. aidlid.

Vn. adall.

Visits, approaches: is cuit adaill adnellat sidi in fini, Ml. 102a15 . adella in Patraicc naile, Thes. ii 320.7 ( Hy. ii 65 ). ataella-som he draws nigh to her, RC iii 177.5 . nī adalsad a mendot for Bōaind they had not gone near his dwelling-place, TBC-I¹ 2908 . aidlis Eochaid in lúachair `E. approached the rush bed', Metr. Dinds. iii 344.73 . aidliss do chelebrad de Fhiachraig, LL 7301 . is annsin edla Ruad mac Mogairn anair . . . i cenn Maige Nia `sped', Ériu viii 28.24 . niconaidlefa a anim pé[i]n n-iffirn, Ériu ii 202 § 20 . intí nād adli in crois, nico n-arfaem cēsad Crist aire, ZCP v 498.25 . With prep. co: adella cuccu, LL 14133 . ad-ella in ben . . . a dochomb, BDD² 1503 ( chuice, LU 7968 ). With prep. LA referring to subject: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . is dual deit-si, sét nāch lag, / m'fithchell, adarella lat approach it(?), Fianaig. 14.29 . adell Conchobar lais a cluichimag, TBC-I¹ 492 ( LU 4981 ). adellat leo cu teach F., TE² 56 § 20 . In extended meanings: ataella indbennacht doratad for abracham `passes to them', Wb. 19b15 . fó lemm ci atella méithe though fatness visits them, Trip.² 2158 . nomaidlet ilcēola, BColm. 30.20 . suil adralsat a ngliaid nglé / rogabsat a commairge `entered on' Metr. Dinds. iii 272.35 . ní aidleth toinn ná féoil (of a carver) touched, TBFr. 127 . aidlid a lám scoith `his hand touches a flower', Fél. 40.12 . ní aidlébthai innd orguin the slaughter would not be undertaken, BDD² 709 ( LU 7110 ). co tagaib nech ní adella `how does one recover his security?' Ériu xi 51.1 . Perh. also: eneclann cáich iar nairille atren atidella .i. ícuidh in eneclann sin in cach aidlis in cinuid, O'D. 629 ( H 3.17, 468 ) = adaella, O'D. 2220 (Nero A 7, 150a) (Cf. O'Dav. 44 ). ? ataella .i. tadall, ut est is iar suide ataella fiacha elguin in cluichi so .i. is iarsan mbasugud ata tadhall do fiachaib comhraiti isan cluichi so, O'Dav. 157 . Of sexual intercourse: indí . . . adellad ilsétchi ┐ duamberar cland `those that frequent various mates and have children born to them', Mon. Tall. 132.1. (§ 11) . maccleirech adella banscail, Ériu vii 142.18 . cin cor aidled nechtar de in dá imat sin, O'Dav. 1373 .

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