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fechtas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fechtas or dil.ie/21414

 

Forms: fechtusa, fechtais, fechtusaib

n u, o, m. (fecht)

I A journey, expedition (of a peaceful or warlike nature): décai dámsa ... co bbia mo ḟ.¤ how will my expedition fare? LU 4528 (= fecht-sa, TBC-I¹ 280 ). luid in fer a f.¤ , LU 11017 = Imr. Brain i 53 . cech fer teged dia tochmarc ... rogonta fer dia muintir; do dearbad in fechtais dognitea sin as a proof of (having made) the expedition RC v 202.18 . bid trúag in f.¤ fír-feirggisea this wrathful expedition LL 236b14 ( TTr. 1453 ). ? dochuaid dano C. cor fectais do a thaigsidi, Corm. Bodl. s.v. mug eme = cor fechtas, Corm. Y 883 . dolotar ... cor fechtas hi crich Lagen for creich, Hib. Min. 70.13 (= lotar fecht i tir L. for creich, 70.1 ).

II A turn, time, occasion (used like fecht, but less common): fechtas luid do thig alaile écis once upon a time Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech ( Corm. Y 825 ). feachtus docuaidh Cir do triall forbuse i nEdail, IT iii 69 § 17 . do luid feachtus n-ann dar A., BDD 1 (fecht v.l.). fechtus dia mbui Eachaid hi Frémainn co ndernad oenach, IT i 128.14 . bai fechtas ic hingaire he was once herding SR 5714 . bámar-ni feachtus i m-mórdáil fer nÉreand, Ériu iv 138.22 . badus[s]a fechtus ┐ dail mor imum, MR 74.17 . f.¤ and tra fertha óenach la hUltu LU 3228 ( SCC 2 ). fechtus ann (= quadam die) Lat. Lives 110 . atbertsom fechtus ele on another occasion PH 3339 . ropo rí foraind fechtus n-aile t'athair once, formerly 4472 . fechtus do Adamnan ... oc imticht a conairi once as A. was going ... Cáin Ad. 6 . sain muinter cach la fechtus beress a tochell alternately Corm. Y 607 (cach la fecht LB). fri fechtus fadésin `in his own turn' Laws i 224.21 Comm. ar m'ḟechtus `in my turn' Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . g s. atharrach fechtusa eile another turn, once more Laws i 98.23 Comm. Adverbial g s. cacha fechtais no theigead, BDD 19 . pl. i tri fechtusaib at three different times Laws ii 266z . in lin fechtus teid forsin talmain the number of times it alights Ériu viii 123.10 .

fochonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochonn or dil.ie/22484

 

Forms: fochain(n), fochonn, fochunn, fochunn, fochun, fochuinn, focháinn, fochainne, foichne, fochain, fachain, fochaind, fachaind, faichne, foichne, deaghachain, fachain, fochain, fochann

n o, m. (f. Laws i 74 Comm. cited below), later also fochain(n) f. n s. fochonn, Wb. 3c23 . fochunn, 11c1 , 23c6 . Ml. 138a8 . a s. fochunn, Wb. 15d2 . Ml. 19c5 . 46b14 . d s. fochun, Sg. 6a13 . g s. ind fochuinn Ml. 35b24 . n p. ind focháinn , 86c3 . fochainne, LB 143a21 . ? a p. foichne, LL 163b36 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 36.21 ). Early Mod. decl.: fochain fachain fochaind fachaind (f.) IGT, Decl. § 150 . pl. faichne ib. ex. 2000 . foichne, 2007 (cf. LL 163b cited above). With lenited f. omitted in writing: deaghachain, ACL iii 244 § 9 .

Cause, occasion: transl. Lat. causa Wb. 23c6 . Ml. 19c5 . 35b24 . 86c3 . 138a8 . Sg. 6a13 . occasio Wb. 3c23 . 15d2 . fachain (fochain, fochann) .i. adhbhar, O'Cl. Eg. Gl. 306 . ná bīth fochunn uaimm fein dom aecṅduch let me give no cause to speak evil of me Wb. 11c1 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, Ml. 46b14 . rosuidiged ... a n-oenscribend in fhochaind for a ṅdernsat a crochad, PH 3323 . atá ann ... an cét-adbur d'aér ... issí a ḟochuinn sin .i. tógbail ┐ tinfeadh anala a corpaib daenna, RC xxiv 370 (TBithnua, Rennes). fursandud na tucaiti ┐ ind fochaind frisarochet in psalmb, Hib. Min. 8.268 (an fochoin, H). fochann ┐ tucaitt tresa ttangattar na hairrdhena, BS § 1 . dia n-iarfaigther cíasu fochond ara ndernad, Metr. Dinds. iv 100 . abair ... cia fochund for a tanic ille , PH 1137 . ní gan fochuin romarbus é, ZCP vi 35.12 . a mac d'indarba ... gan ḟochaind, Ériu iii 154.10 . Folld. by obj. gen.: is fochunn ícce dúibsi (= causa salutis) Wb. 23c6 . cid día mboí fochond a galair LU 10744 . arnara [ = ar ná rob] fochand báis dóib `cause their death' Mon. Tall. § 52 . rop é fochond ná dilend do bádud clann Cáin, LU 130 = Rawl. 72a4 . is é fochond a tiachtana ar teched na dilend, LL 4b28 . fochund a chreitmi the cause of his conversion Anecd. iii 73.14 . uath don-arfas ... ba sí fochunn a ainmi the cause of his disfigurement Laws i 74.13 Comm. bá hé fochann na gabhala isin, AFM vi 2248.10 . gan fachain a bháis do chur síos, Keat. ii 3422 . dob fhachain áigh (: athar, leg. fachan ?), Arch. Hib. i 89 . faichne do chor meanma a méd reasons for rejoicing IGT, Decl. ex. 2000 . foichne far thréigthi reasons for deserting ib. ex. 2007 . isse fath fodera fochainn an tedma sin, RC xvii 416.25 (Tig.). conidh esin fochond an tedma sin ib. y 0 . Cf. fan cruit do ḟás in ḟochainn the cause of the dispute (?) was the harp IGT, Decl. ex. 1061 . táinig ... Rí nimhe ... dob í ar n-annsai-ne a fhochoinn `love of us His motive' Dán Dé xv 19 . tre ḟ.¤ because of: co mbátar oc slaide ... a chéile tría ḟochund óenmná because of one woman TTr.² 1301 . tria ḟochond na hoenbrethre , LL 44a40 . tre bāt[h]ad an bhrát[h]ar dochúaidh ... gusin luing ... tre fheircc ┐ tre fhochann Brénainn occasioned by B.'s wrath BNnÉ 83 § 165 . Folld. by DO of pers.: adubrudur ... ris nach roibi achan dō in edach ... do gabail uimbe, D IV 2, [73]vb21 . más fachain dom bac i measc na dtaoiseach, Ó Bruad. ii 44 . In special sense `matter', i.e. something wrong or amiss: asé bur bfochann [abur v.l.] ... gin ab foruibh the cause of your trouble is that you have no abbot over you BNnÉ 7 § 21 . cersat mora na fochainne sin boi sailechtu aice-sium im shlānti d'fhadbail, LB 143a21 . luid C. ... dar in abaind dianad ainm Biur ann sin atbertsom Bir fri fochainne (of a saint praying for restriction of a plague, see Reeves Ad. lxxiii ) LB 32a7 = bir fri fochaide, Lism. L. 879 . Here probably: rogenair fer maith ... Nemruaid | focan scel cach druing ..., SR 2695 (leg. fochan scél, etc. = theme of every company ? Cf. dia n-éccid foichne a scél, LL 163b36 , Metr. Dinds. iv 36 ).

1 luige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 luige or dil.ie/30984

 

Forms: lugae, luigu, lighi, lige, luig, lui, luidh, lugh, lugh, luigeda, lughedha, luidhedha, lugha, luighi

n io, n. In O. Ir. usually lugae (for the phonetic development see GOI 103 - 4 ). luigu (sic leg. ?), Laws iv 192.9 . lighi, O'Curry 2409 ( Eg. 88, 32(33)b ). lige, Laws v 174.23 Comm ., luig, Laws v 100.23 Comm ., 352.6 and lui, ii 18.4 , 17 Comm. are perh. scribal errors. luidh, Celtica iv 66.59 . lugh (: athchur), IGT Verbs ex. 666 is given as `cóir' in one MS., as `lochdach' in a second (both added in later hand), cf. lugh (ón luighe), Decl. § 95 (127.9) . Pl. attested only in later lang.: luigeda, PH 7604. lughedha, Ann. Conn. 1309.3 . luidhedha, Ériu xi 190.21 . lugha luighi (in leabhuir) m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.13) .

(a) Vn. of tongaid (see also 1 luigid). Cf. lugha luighe (in leabhair) with tuingfed a .d. neith added by later hand, IGT Verbs § 74 . Act of swearing : imchim . . . fir lais [m]bi cuma fir ┐ go di luga who swears equally to truth and falsehood, SM Facs. 53b = do luga, Laws v 178.5 . etheach do lugha nó do luighe, SM Facs. 53a = eithe do lige, Laws v 174.23 Comm . ? geall feich do luga, 308.18 . cethri haitir do chur crainn, dias dib dia lugha to swear it(?), iii 134.10 Comm . gradh bes comais dia ludhadh in tan adginidhther in colund `when a person of competent rank has proved the delivery of the carcass', i 300.3 Comm . dodechatar día lugu i n-eithiuch do P., Trip.² 2119 `to perjure themselves', Trip. i 181 . ro-gab Petar . . . for a l.¤ (the Denial), PH 3193 . fuil in Rígh do lugha libh if you swear by the king's blood, IGT Verbs ex. 667 . meic ríogh ag luidhe fad láimh, O'Hara 2349 (see Notes).

As cogn. accus. ni toing luidhe fo brechtruib gach fer sacarbuic, O'D. 2190 ( Nero A vii, 132b ). luighi néithigh ní thoingeann, Hard. ii 296.11 . Cf. ispert Medbh o bes lugai: —Tonga, etc., RC x 226.184 , and Ml. 36a20 cited below.

(b) oath: arnate nech tria lugae gl. imperat periurii cauitionem `that a man break not his oath', Ml. 36a23 . corricci lugae son gl. usque ad testationem, 126c5 . fo chénele lugi, Wb. 14c24 . luge gl. iurare, Enchir. Aug. 77a ( ZCP vii 482.33 ). With LA: l.¤ limsa inso gl. ego autem testem Deum invoco, Wb. 14c39 . ba lugae leu insin gl. per erumniarum mearum exempla iurabant, Ml. 118c5 . With pref. fír glossing iusiurandum: áfirlugae nothongad cach frialaile hirecht, Ml. 36a20 . hua fírlugu, 115a18 . afírl.¤ , Wb. 34a1 . hí fírlugu, Sg. 217b1 . iust .i. iusiurandum, unde foruirmed iust fa[i]r .i. luge, O'Mulc. 767 . foirdath loith lun luighe ban (glossed ar duibhe ┐ ar ethech), ZCP v 490 § 17 = fordath luin luath l.¤ ban, Ériu ix 46 § 14 . ind eithchich linib luga with store of oaths, SR 8344 . connach ain lepaid na luge so that neither protection nor oath will preserve it, RC xxvi 40 § 206 . luge ria mbreith, Tec. Corm. § 14.4 (= ria mbreath, BB 63b12 ). lugha mherlig, BB 274b30 . atbertsom o l.¤ lan, PH 99 . na bris ḟorm lugi gan ḟess, TBC-LL¹ 3507 . luighe na leabhar `perjury', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 10 . lōr . . . an lāmh mar luighe, Butler Poems 139 (see Notes). ní thicfa is ní tháinic / bhud ḟerr lám na luighe, Acall. 1040 . lugha (luighe) .i. mionna, O'Cl.

With do-beir: doratt cach dibh fo leith a luga nar bo he each swore it was not he, Anecd. ii 16.15 . cen l.¤ do tabhairt, PH 2684 . an brég . . . / créd fa dtabhair lugha lé, IGT Decl. ex. 47 . luighe néithigh dorad . . . fo láimh C. swore a false oath, AFM i 182.3 . Cf. chum a thabartha mar luighe as something to be sworn by, SG 3.5 . With other verbs: beanam luidh dhe um [rūn] do dhēanamh ar gach nī let us swear him to secrecy, Celtica iv 66.59 . cuires l.¤ mar shéla forri, PH 7621 . cech oen dogní luga n-eithig, Trip.² 86. ? saithe cacha lestair, nach laimethar nech luigu bed lais, motat saithe doeit hi thīr [sic] comaithich, Laws iv 192.9 .i. a luighi gonad leis ín saithi, 22 Comm . targad ar luighi fa seach `our oath was offered', MR 132.23 . ro thestaig o luga, PH 6622.

Other legal uses (see Críth G. p. 99 ): secht cenela luigi . . . dithech, ┐ naille, ┐ condacht, ┐ fortach, sena, ┐ forgell, ┐ diunach, O'Curry 1744 ( 23 Q 6, 31 ). im[m]ustoing i ndiaid nach aili aridfe(i)t i llugu, Críth G. 42 . ní íca a luga[e] acht a llugu ḟir midboth(a) he is not liable for anything he swears to the extent of the oath of a f.m.(?), 68 . maith a luga[e], a naidm, etc., 200 . elod iar luighe fo aoth, Laws iii 394.12 . ni tatmei si tath cunnartha iar ngrene go lighi .i. nocha cuimgech é taithmech in cunnartha iar luighi gua don grein .i. uair is go luighi di cia atbertar, O'Curry 2409 ( Eg. 88 f. 32 (33)a ). luga seancha innrice, Laws iv 142.3 Comm . luighe in erluma no in righ fo soscela, O'Curry 2147 ( Eg. 88, 3a ). luighe cundtabartach . . . luighe éithe, O'D. 914 ( H 3.17, col. 652 ). In phr. l.¤ cána (Laws Comm.): smacht i ndul a luigi cana `for violating the oath of law', Laws i 172.20 . a comairlegadh anurraid na tic fo luighi cana `who does not come under the oath of cain-law', iii 388.3 . na (sic. leg.) tiaguit fo luigi cana, v 162.11 gl. tech i mbiat elothaig cana, 160.4 . duine teit al-l.¤ cana, 236.20 gl. cro fir coillis cain, 13 . Cf. iar luga chána `after the swearing of the law', Ériu ii 204.18 . insci .i. luighi . . . luighi an baile, O'Dav. 1112 (see Letter I 283.42 ).