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ad-cí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cí or dil.ie/391
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ad-rodarcar, atchíu, adcíu, atchim, -accu, -accim, -airciu, -airchiu, adchí, atch, -accai, -aci, adchí, adcíi, atobc, adcí, asidc, -aicci, adciam, adchiam, asidciam, -accam, -aciam, atchíd, -accid, adciat, -acat, -aiccet, adcither, adchither, -acastar, -accastar, -aiccesdar, ad-rodarcar, adroarcar, atchiter, -aicind, atchíd, asitchid, atcitis, atchíthe, -aictea, atcítis, ad-cear, atcheur, -accur, -accar, -aicer, -aiccither, -aiccther, -accadar, -acathar, -accamar, adced, adceter, -accatar, adcethar, atcethar, -accastar, -accaister, -arcastar, atcheind, -accinn, atchethe-su, madattceththae, madhcethea, adcheth, atchet, -aiced, -accad, adcethe, adchetis, -accaitis, adcethe, -aiccitis, -accus, condas-chichi, dom-chich, -accigi, at-chichset, -aiccichet, atatchigestar, atchichestár, atcichead, -aiciged, acciged, adcichitis, -acca, -acca, adcita-acae, -acae, -acce, -aicci, -accai, -accamar, -accatar, adchess, adchess, matcias, -aiccess, -acus, atchessa, -aicessa, atchondarc, atconnarcsu, atcondarccaisiu, atchonnarcaisthi, ad-condairc, adus-connarcmar, adchondarcid, atcondarcatar, atchonnarctar, o'tchondarcatar, dochiu, dochim, -bhfaicim, -feicim, dochi, -ḟacci, -bhfaice, -feicenn, dochi, -acend, -fhaccend, -faic, dochiam, atchiamait, atciamaid, dochímíd, atchíthi, do-chíthí, -facthi, atcíat, atchíd, adchiad, dochíd, dochiat, -faicit, dociter, -aicter, -bhfaicthear, rocíter, nachataicim, faiceam, faicthear, do-chíodh, -faiceadh, adcíadhmais, -bfaicmís, -bfaicti, dochíthe, -faicte, -faictis, do-chear, -bhfaicear, -accar, -faccur-sa, -accara, -faccara, -accera, -acatar, -faicea, -facaid, -bhfaiceam, -acat, -faicit, -fhaicet, -feictea, atchised, -bhfaiceadh, -faicsimmis, -faicmis, -faictis, -aiciste, -haicesda, atchicera, atíchera, -aircechasa, adidracacha, atcichfe, chíchsiom, adachichisthi, atichistisi, atchichither, -aicigther, atcithsead, chichsiodh, atchichesta, chíeabh, -aiciub, -feiceab, nodcífi, do-chífe, atchífir, dochifir, -faicfe, dochífe, -aicfe, -acéb, ḟaiccbe, -faccéga, -faigfe, -faicfe, -faicfid, attcífem, -faicfeam, dochífide, -faicfide, atchífit, docífitt, -ffaicfit, atcífider, -accfither, -aicfider, dochífear, adcíthfend, dochífeadh, atchífeadh, -aicfed, dochífidís, -faicfitis, itcífea, dacitfidhi, atconnac, dochunnuc, dochonnarc, idconnarcos, -facca, -faccu, -facus, -facadhas, atchonnarcais, adconnacuis, daconncadais, atchonncais, doconncais, -faccais, -facadais, -acaghois, diconnairc, atchonnaic, rachonnaic, -facca, -faccae, -facae, -facai, -facaid, -accaig, -agaid, -facais, atchoncamar, choncamar, -facamar, atconncabar, -facabar, -faccabair, atconncatar, dochoncatar, -facadar, -acaiset, doces, doconnarcas, atcondcas, cunncus, condcas, -aices, -facas, -accas, -facus, -facessa, aicsiu, (f)aicsin

v sees. Frequ. (outside O. Ir. Glosses) at-c(h)í with meaningless infix. pron., in rel. with inf. pron. sometimes also as-. Prot. stem -a(i)cc-. In O. Ir. with depon. inflexion in subj. pres. and with redupl. future. For active inflexion in subj. see Celt. Verb 138 . In pret. active prot. forms only are found, the conjunction co n- being used where no other conjunct particle is present (deuterotonic forms occur in pass.). In perf. deut. with root -derc- and perfective -com- (ad-condarc etc.). There is no special perf. form after conj. particles. Note also ad-rodarcar can be seen , Sg. 172a2 . In later lang. ad- (at-) is gradually replaced by do- and the conj. stem acquires inorganic f-, giving the forms do-chí, -faic-, both with b-fut.. In past tense the general independent form is ad-(do-) chonnai(r)c (from the perf.), the form after conj. particles -(f)ac(c)- (from the pret.), both with endings of the s-pret..

Early forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. atchíu, LU 4535 . adcíu (3 syll.), ACL iii 297 § 46 . atchim, Ériu ii 166.50 . -accu, MU² 1011 (LU). -acciu, LU 5347 . -accim, 6117 . With ro, -airciu, 6213 (? leg. -airchiu, GOI § 535b ). 2 s. adchí, Fél. Prol. 150 . atch, IT i 81.18 . -accai, Ml. 17b17, 25b14 . -aci, Sg. 15b6 ; Thes. ii 21.37 . 3 s adchí, Wb. 4a25 . adcíi, 12c11 . atobc, 25a26 . adcí, Sg. 149b6 . With inf. pron. 3 s. m. in rel. constr. asidc, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . -aicci, Ml. 94c3 . 1 pl. adciam, Wb. 6a30 ; Ml. 16c5; 112b12 . rel. adchiam, Ml. 42b22; 112b13 . With inf. pron. 3 s. asidciam, Ml. 2b4 . -accam, Ml. 111d1 . -aciam, Thes. ii 31.23 . 2 pl. atchíd, LU 9987 . -accid, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . 3 pl. adciat, Ml. 69b2; 103b13 . -acat, 93d14 . -aiccet, LL 13853 . Pass. sg. adcither. Wb. 1b15 . adchither, 12c12 . -acastar, 25b28 . -accastar, 26a12 . -aiccesdar (-aiccestar v.l.), ACC § 34 . (See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 488 and GOI § 609 ). Note also ad-rodarcar, Sg. 172a2 . Laws i 230.11 Comm. adroarcar, O'Curry 2294 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)a) . Pl. atchiter, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -aicind, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.84 . 3 s. atchíd, TBFr. 217 . With inf. pron. 3 s. in rel. constr. asitchid, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.16 ). 3 pl. atcitis, Mon. Tall. 147.14 (§ 52) . Pass. sg. atchíthe, LU 3452 ( SCC § 23 ). -aictea, RC xlvi 239.3 . Pl. atcítis, CCath. 873 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ad-cear, Thes. ii 293.6 . rel. atcheur, Ériu ii 89 § 2 . -accur, Fing. R. 95 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -aicer, TBFr. 21 § 22 . 2 s. -aiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -aiccther, TBC-I¹ 1556 . at-ce-su, Ériu xix 12 § 6 . 3 s. -accadar, Wb. 16d6 . Ml. 53a6 . -acathar, 68b9 . 1 pl. -accamar, TBFr. 195 . 2 pl. adced, Wb. 11b22 . 3 pl. (unless pass. pl.) adceter, Ml. 3a4 . -accatar, TBFr. 294 . Pass. sg. adcethar, Ériu iii 104 § 39a . atcethar, vii 150 § 20 . -accastar, Ml. 50a5 . -accaister, LU 6889 . ?With ro: -arcastar, O'Dav. 109 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. atcheind, TBC-LL¹ 4142 . -accinn, Trip.² 2436 . 2 s. atchethe-su, Trip.² 269 . (with má) madattceththae, IT i 144.21 = madhcethea, ZCP v 501.34 . 3 s. adcheth, Ml. 38c9 . atchet, Ériu v 30.17 . -aiced, LU 3733 . -accad, 4616 . 2 pl. adcethe, Wb. 19b6 . 3 pl. adchetis, BDD² 446 . -accaitis, Ml. 32d12 . Pass. sg. adcethe, Ml. 77d8 . Pl. -aiccitis, BDD² 627 .

Fut. 1 s. ? -accus, RC xii 110 § 167 . 2 s. condas-chichi (sic leg.: Liphi, see GOI § 655 ), Ériu vi 122 § 6 . 3 s. ?dom-chich (domcife, cotomchichfea v.ll.), ACC § 143 ( RC xx 416 ). -accigi, Trip.² 1503 . 3 pl. at-chichset, Ériu iii 30 § 10 . -aiccichet, Trip.² 1841 . Pass. sg. atatchigestar, Ml. 59c12 . atchichestár, LU 2760 .

Cond. 3 s. atcichead, BDD² 125 . -aiciged, TBC-I¹ 813 = acciged, LU 5336 . 3 pl. adcichitis, Wb. 7a2 .

Pret. 1 s. -acca, IT i 120.24 . 2 s. -acca, Sc.M² § 11 . 3 s. adcita-acae, Tur. 60 . (see Thes. i 488 n. b ). -acae, Ériu ii 222.27 . -acce, BDD² 156 . -aicci, Trip.² 264 . -accai, 265 . 1 pl. -accamar, Mon. Tall. 148.6 (§ 55) . 3 pl. -accatar, Wb. 26b11 . Pass. sg. adchess, Wb. 23c11 . adchess, Ml. 96d1 . ? matcias, Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . -aiccess, Thes. ii 253.2 (Stowe Missal). -accas, TBFr. 258 . -acus, BDD² 238 . Pl. atchessa, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). -accassa, TBC-I¹ 1413 . -aicessa, LU 10058 .

Perf. 1 s. atchondarc, Ml. 113b6 . 2 s. atconnarcsu, LU 5142 = atcondarccaisiu, TBC-I¹ 659 . atchonnarcaisthi, Trip.² 223 . 3 s. ad-condairc, Thes. i 488.23 (Tur.) ad-chondairc, 493.21 (ib.). 1 pl. adus-connarcmar, BDD² 473 . 2 pl. adchondarcid, Anecd. i 43.z . 3 pl. atcondarcatar, Laws ii 326.13 . atchonnarctar, Trip.² 1017 . o'tchondarcatar, 2641 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. dochiu, Ó Bruad. ii 56.5 . dochim, ZCP vi 36.12 . -bhfaicim, -feicim, Acall. 6771 . DDána 6.6 2 s. dochi, CF 790 . -ḟacci, TBC-LL¹ 233 . -bhfaice, Keat. ii 5398 . -feicenn tú, ZCP vi 56.25 . 3 s. dochi, Lec. 185rb11 . -acend, LU 3988 ( SCC § 45 ). -fhaccend, MU² 640 . -faic, ZCP vii 303 § 11 . 1 pl. dochiam, PH 8130 ; DDána 26.2 . atchiamait, Acall. 5555 . atciamaid, BNnÉ 60 § 77 . dochímíd, DDána 54.12 . 2 pl. atchíthi, Anecd. i 35.78 . do-chíthí, TSh. 2818 . -facthi, MU² 947 . 3 pl. atcíat, Acall. 1562 . atchíd, TSh. 753 . adchiad, DDána 31.16 . dochíd, 17.12 . dochiat, SG 346.12 . -faicit, PH 7740 . Pass. sg. dociter, RC xlix 9 § 4 . -aicter, Lism. L. 495 . -bhfaicthear, Keat. i 82.21 . rocíter, Marco P. 42 .

Ipv. 1 s. nachataicim, Lism. L. 2297 . 1 pl. faiceam, DDána 119.28 . Pass. sg. faicthear, 60.37 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. do-chíodh, TSh. 4225 . -faiceadh, Dán Dé vi 30 . 1 pl. adcíadhmais, Duan. F. i 10.4 . -bfaicmís, O'Gr. Cat. 508.5 . 2 pl. -bfaicti, BNnÉ 67 § 103 . Pass. sg. dochíthe, Dán Dé xi 29 . -faicte, CCath. 897 . Pl. -faictis, ACL iii 224.y .

Subj. pres. 1 s. do-chear, -bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -faccur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 4061 . 2 s. -accara, PH 4960 . 3 s. -faccara, 6006 . -accera, RC xiii 440.18 . 3 pl. -acatar, PH 1352 . With active endings. 3 s. -faicea, PH 7402 . -facaid, Maund. 261 . 1 pl. -bhfaiceam, DDána 81.19 . 3 pl. -acat, TBFr. 21 § 22 . -faicit, Acall. 2246 , -fhaicet, PH 7678 .

Subj. impf. 2 s. -feictea, ZCP vi 87.29 . 3 s. atchised, TTr.² 641 . -bhfaiceadh, DDána 37.38 . 1 pl. -faicsimmis, RC x 92.10 . -faicmis, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . 3 pl. -faictis, IT i 175.10 . Pass. sg. ? -aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 (perh. to be referred to ad-guid). -haicesda, Lism. L. 2302 .

Fut. and condit. Traces of the reduplicated fut. remain, sometimes with endings of the b-fut. The b-fut. is however the usual formation. With reduplication 2 s. atchicera, Fing. R. 118 . atíchera, PH 1182 . With ro: -aircechasa, LU 6098 . ? adidracacha, O'Dav. 123 . 3 s. atcichfe, Anecd. ii 27.16 . 1 pl. do chíchsiom , Content. xxii 22 . 2 pl. adachichisthi, TFrag. 180.8 . atichistisi, LB 223b19 . Pass. sg. atchichither, LU 3889 ( SCC § 40 ). -aicigther, 6119 (TBC). atcithfither, Acall. 5362 . Condit. 3 s. atcithsead, MR 112.6 . do chichsiodh , Desid. 2147 . Pass. sg. atchichesta, RC xlvi 239.5 . (See also Aithd. D. Gloss.). Without reduplication. 1 s. do chíeabh , IGT Introd. 28.15. (§121) . -aiciub, IT i 80.8 . -feiceab, ZCP vi 85.15 . 2 s. nodcífi, Ériu viii 123.1 . do-chífe, DDána 66.4 . atchífir, Keat. iii 2800 . dochifir, BNnÉ 82 § 164 . -faicfe, DDána 6.6 . 3 s. dochífe, TSh. 1089 . -aicfe, ZCP viii 332.24 . -acéb, LU 309 = ḟaiccbe, RC xx 38.14 . -faccéga (-aigfe, -faigfe, v. ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5581 . -faicfe, Acall. 6310 . -faicfid, ZCP x 342 § 8. 1 pl. attcífem, ZCP viii 207.15 . -faicfeam, TSh. 8624 . 2 pl. dochífide, Dán Dé xxv 31 . -faicfide, Ériu v 242.166 . 3 pl. atchífit, BS 6.3 . docífitt, -ffaicfit, BNnÉ 267 § 235 . Pass. sg. atcífider, RC xxv 390 § 4 . -accfither, LL 14280 . -aicfider, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . dochífear, DDána 12.4 . Condit. 1 s. adcíthfend, Ériu iv 220.8 . 3 s. dochífeadh, TSh. 6056 . atchífeadh, 6008 . -aicfed, Todd Lect. vii 6.68 . 3 pl. dochífidís, TSh. 305 . -faicfitis, Ériu ii 134 § 115 . Pass. sg. itcífea, Ériu ii 198.9 . dacitfidhi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.30 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. atconnac. MU² 745 . dochunnuc, ZCP vi 29.2 . dochonnarc, TSh. 4298 . idconnarcos, ML 4.19 . -facca, SR 1336 . -faccu, TBC-I¹ 870 . -facus, Maund. 260 . -facadhas, Desid. 430 . 2 s. atchonnarcais, LL 13591 . adconnacuis, Lism. L. 1509 . daconncadais, ITS xiv 22.9 . atchonncais, Acall. 4612 . doconncais, 3320 . -faccais, 5143 . -facadais, Sc.M² § 11 . -acaghois, ZCP x 284.19 . 3 s. diconnairc, Ériu ii 15.19 . atchonnaic, TBC-LL¹ 3969 . rachonnaic, 2969 . -facca, 3374 . -faccae, 5099 . -facae, Mon. Tall. 155.11 (§ 67) . -facai, 135.5 (§ 22) . -facaid, 164.6 (§ 88) . -accaig, TBC-LL¹ 2827 . -agaid, Aen. 1396 . -facais, RC xxiv 196.14 . 1 pl. atchoncamar, LU 2331 . do choncamar , 3 C 19, 6 va17 . -facamar, Stair Erc. 2017 . 2 pl. atconncabar, PH 1711 . -facabar, 3360 . -faccabair, Acall. 5770 . 3 pl. atconncatar, Laws iii 168.8 Comm. dochoncatar, PH 6295 . -facadar, TBC-I¹ 311 . -acaiset, ZCP x 410.15 . Pass. sg. doces, RC xvii 416.30 . doconnarcas, ZCP ii 552.8 . atcondcas, Ériu iii 196 § 12 . do cunncus , RC xii 332 § 24 . ra condcas , TBC-LL¹ 2748 . -aices, -facas, IT iii 189.11, 12 . -accas, LL 14172 . -facus, Lism. L. 3804 . Pl. -facessa, TBC-LL¹ 5009 .

Vn. aicsiu, (f)aicsin, etc. IGT Verbs § 4 .

(a) sees, notices, observes: atobcí side `he perceives you', Wb. 25a26 . ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . do soí dond orient conaci a næscae, Thes. ii 21.37 . isin domnach atcess in cétna sollsi in lái. Ériu ii 198.1 . ranic iath nad adaig aiccesdar (aiccestar, accestar, acastar v. ll.) `he reached the country where night is not seen', ACC 34 ( RC xx 172 ). con-idn-acar ┐ co nidn-arladar that I may see him, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . ni facaid deilb ┐ ni cumman lais ní do faicsin, Mon. Tall. 164.6 (§ 88) . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech do acsin, TBFr. 217 . nā tēig, co n-aiccther in frithi fonnuar-sa, TBC-I¹ 1556 . dorala . . . do M. condacaid aislingi, Trip.² 220 . amail boí sí and conḟacaig in lochtobur, RC vi 174.26 . ní confacus beó aéin neich diobh osin alle, AFM vi 2092.5 . do chibh mo Shlanaigtheoir maille rium, ITS xxix 185.3 . rí na ndúl cá chuin do-chear / an dún i bhfuil go bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . With various prepp.: arnachab-accastar as tír that you may not be seen from land, BDD² 435 . atcess immorro asin Temraig inni sin moreover that thing was seen from Tara, Anecd. iii 34.9 . telach ása n-acastar in tuath fri Luimnech antuaith, Trip.² 2412 . adcí . . . uad debrad na diadachta he sees in the distance . . . ACL iii 245 § 24 . ro-chidisium uathib . . . tigi arda, Celt. Rev. x 106.16 . Folld. by clause: atcondarccaisiu (atconnarcsu, LU) . . . indus imatiag-sa in lind, TBC-I¹ 659 . co n-aiced immar ita / in tech mór atchonnarcsá, LU 3733 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . With preposition indicating motion: co n-accatar C. . . . is' tech they saw C. coming into the house, Sc.M² § 15 . intan docunncus Fechín docum in dūnaid `when F. was seen coming . . .', RC xii 332 § 24 . atací in slóg cucu tarsa mag, TBC-I¹ 1440 . ó 'tchóndairc epscop Mél P. cuce día chairigud, Trip.² 982 . nir airigedur Cenel Conaill iat co facadur chuctha iat, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . Cf. an tan atchídís ag triall chuca é, Keat. iii 1591 .

(b) Of mental processes perceives, discerns, realizes: ma adced torbe inna thect `if you should see profit in so going', Wb. 11b22 . da faicea ainfhis . . . ann a múnad, PH 7402 . truagh nach bfacas libh bhar locht, Ir. Review 1912 472 § 11 . atchíu rogabsat ar clanna ililtiugud, ZCP viii 318.31 . mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuic / docím úaim nach indermaid looking back I perceive that the treatment I got with him . . . is not to be forgotten(?), Prolegomena 45 § 24 . do citer corob i cuis in fiabrusa dlegar do leiges ar tuis, RC xlix 9 § 4 .

(c) Pass. in sense of appears, seems (DO to): atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). ge daciter gorob maille Saturnus nan re . . . as comtrom a ngluasacht though Saturn appears to be slower than the moon their motion is equal, Ir. Astr. Tr. 114.16 . an tan bis an taer dorea tiugh ┐ docitear cum feartana e ┐ nach denann hi, 3 C 19 , 20 ra9 . atchíthe dó i n-aslingi innas ind ḟir no rígfaide and, LU 3452 ( SCC 23 ). is amlaidh doces do mac Gilla Lughan iat, RC xvii 416.31 . doces do muinntir co n-erbalus it seemed to people that I died, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . atcess dóib . . . múr na Rómae the wall of Rome appeared to them, BColm. 78.19 . atces doib tor oir for an muir, Leb. Gab.(i) 72.14 . do condcuss sin dó ina spiraid, gin go faca sé o suilib corpardha é, BCC 362.5 . mar do connarcas d'uaislibh Éireann an dochar do bhí ag teacht, Keat. i 66.19 . doconncus doibh a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . pecadh aga bhfaicther dhó maith éigin do bheith ann a sin in which it seems to him there is some good, Ó Héodhusa 181.5 . do connarcus don Pháirlement gurab annteasbach bídh ┐ éadaigh do-rin sin uile, PCT 1677 . Note also: is mar sin dociter Galen aga tuicsin so G. seems to understand it, 3 C 19, 219 ra14 . By extension seems good to (cf. Lat. videtur): cidh anaill atcither duit acht a marbad? what else seems good to you except to kill them? Anecd. ii 12.18 . créad fa bhfacas dhíbh . . . na braighde . . . do chongbháil i ngéibheann, Maguires of F. 55 . déanaidh mar chífighthear dhíbh, 74 . dochonnarcus do'n Spiorad Naomh . . . gan ualach do chur orraibh . . . (visum est Spiritui sancto, Acts xv 28 ) Eochairsg. 14.26 . do connarcus don ōigh . . . eachtra . . . in tsēipēil . . . d'foillsiughadh . . . don naomh-priōir `it seemed good to her to make known', Fl. Earls 114.33 . do-connarcas damh trácht ar éiclipsigh na gréine it seemed good to me to treat of eclipses of the sun, Corp. Astron. 152.4 . do chonncas dhúinn . . . an leabhrán-sa do sgríobhadh, Mac Aingil 50 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-écci, fégaid: o do conncamair do leighiusaibh uilidhi . . . na ptisisi since we have treated of, 3 C 19, 129 vb23 . da facaid le feirg no le fich ar duine if he look angrily at, Maund. 261 .

ad-treba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-treba or dil.ie/589
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: atreba, attreba, -atreba, -atrabhai, atrebat, atrebthar, -roaitreba, atrebom, ro-atrebam, atrefea, ad-id-trefea, -roatrebatt, -aittrebtha, adrothreb, rosaitrebsad, attrab, aittrebad, aittrebaid

v (*ad-treb-) Indic. pres. 3 s. atreba, Wb. 16a17 ; Sg. 33a6 . attreba, Ml. 51d28 . -atreba, Wb. 27d26 . ?rel. -atrabhai, Ériu ii 98 § 1 . 3 pl. atrebat, Sg. 198a23 . Pass. sg. atrebthar, Sg. 198a19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -roaitreba, Wb. 6b3 . 1 pl. atrebom, LU 4400 . ro-atrebam , Trip.² 3121 . Fut. 3 s. atrefea, Wb. 30b18 ; Ml. 107a15 . atrebea, Ml. 35 b 24 , Ériu xxix 20 . With inf. pron. ad-id-trefea, ib. 3 pl. -roatrebatt, BColm. 78.9 . Condit. pass. sg. -aittrebtha, Trip.² 2267 . Perf. 3 s. adrothreb, Wb. 27a12 ; BB 316a30 . 3 pl. rosaitrebsad (= -t), RC xvii 29.32 . Vn. attrab, aittrebad. Cf. ad-aittreba. Later as simple verb aittrebaid.

(a) inhabits, dwells in (with prep. I N- or accus.): is oendia atreba indib, Wb. 16a17 . is hé loc inatreba, 27d26 . dús cia atrebea isin chathraig, Ml. 35b24 . sund romaltsa . . . ┐ atrebom sund let us abide here, LU 4400 . ro rádi P. nád aittrebtha in dún, Trip.² 2267 . ní aitreba a tīr so co brāth, Ériu iii 140 . 182 . múinter romín . . . attrebus in catraig sin, IT i 177.23 ( FA § 12 LB) = is iat attrebait in c., LU 2042 . ro-aittrebam isna hinata sin, PH 756 . in teglach inar aittrebais, 8198 . na cineda atrebait im sruth Ailp, CCath. 1542 .

(b) possesses (with accus.): amal attreba nech á orbe saindiles is samlid adrothreb dia maccu israhel, Ml. 51d28 . aní atreba leis (gl. in posesione), `that which he possesses', Sg. 33a1 . airindi atreba æsorcuin (gl. fiunt igitur possessiua uel a nominibus, ut Caesar Caesareus) `because he possesses destruction', 3 . airindi atreba leiss adrad martis (gl. Martius) `because he possesses the worship of Mars', a4 . sanctáir: arindí atreba rétu nóiba and (gl. sacrarium) `because it possesses holy things therein', 6 . innani atrebat gl. possessorum, 198a23 . doadbat són a cenél atreba a n-atrab atrebthar (atrebtar MS.) and (gl. genera etiam possessorum demonstratio ostendit) `that shows the gender which the possession that is possessed possesses', 24 . co n-atrab cach miad, RC xx 50.23 (ACC). na fes cissi dealb n-atrabhai nach rēt do neoch atcither isin bith `the shape that aught visible in the world possesses', Ériu ii 98 § 1 . trocaire De . . . ro-hisumm uli, ro-s-airillem, ro-s-aittrebam, PH 1446 .

2 do-ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 do-ben or dil.ie/17219
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tuba, tubad

v (*to-ben-) later tubaid, q.v.

(a) strikes at, attacks, opposes; worsts, defeats: ? erchur . . . ferais fair | co tob Macc Con iar cach gair, ZCP xii 379.9 (do-boing?). dobbeotar fair defeated him (?), LL 4908 = dobeotar, Lec. 606b22 . ni thubat a meicc i n-agid mo macc their sons will not oppose my sons (?), LL 147a43 ( PRIA xix 550 § 36 ). Usually trans. (some of the foll. should perh. be referred to next section): o rotubastar Cesair `since C. had attacked', CCath. 3779 . fer nār tubadh a dteagmáil who was never worsted in encounter, ZCP ii 342 . fead na tuaithe nár thubadh, Hy Fiach. 246 . cablach nar tubadh, Caithr. CC 37 . ben nar tubad dealba ac dāim, Lec. 364b 40 . fa sciathaib nar tubad dath whose hue was never dimmed (?), 398a37 . Tuathal Teachtmhar nar tubhadh, Content. xvi 162 . ba heisidhe laithe thoisiuch in rotubadh a ttreisi, Hugh Roe 258 . an fear nach clechtann cath | nach tubhtar asa tosach who is not worsted at the outset (?), Ériu iv 214 .

(b) reproaches, taunts (with). With accus. of thing and FRI (or other prep.) of pers.: féige ní thuband fri ní, Otia i 120 n. 3 . tobbie frie a imthechta fobíth Ulad ┐ athar cast in her teeth all he had done, ZCP ix 192 (cf. x 424 ). dobí a an(a)im fria enechsom, Ériu xvi 38 § 8 . dorrubai frim eneach, TE i 4 ( Ériu xii ). arna toirbeitis a ainme (leg. ainim) ina inchaib, Ériu xvi 38 § 7 (see p. 44) (cf. Laws i 72. 29 ). da mbeith ainib bad mo for Choinculaind ised rothuibebad fris he would have taunted him with it, TBC-I¹ 2614 . rom-cháin ┐ conrubaidh (.i. tubhaidh) fri m'enech gin mháthair nó athair lium, ZCP v 523 . rothub fris a éccóir ┐ a aindlighedh fair he reproached him with the wrong and injustice he had done him (the speaker), Hugh Roe 92 . gur thubsat in macradh a braith fris, LL 387a3 . focherd i serg de, fódaig na rotubaide fria enech that no reproach might be made against him, TE § 6LU ( IT i 121 ). rotubhadh fris tláithe a fhoghnamha, AFM vi 2142 . Without accus.: rothub ri Hua F. frind has impugned us, Lism. L. 2255 .

(c) In follg. perh. simply says, declares (to): rosbói ni nochomairled | cen co labradar fri nech (cen co tobnadhur fri neuch, v.l.), IT i 97 = cenco tabnad fri nech, Anecd. v 9 (with line defective). tubh re Fer nDiadh . . . mar daleg in flath ferda co hogaib Emna a m'aenar upbraid F. D. with having left (?), YBL 336a28 . tubh dam re Fraech . . . ara focmaid leis na hogaib a hEmain, 30 .

(d) With FRI measures by (as a standard), compares with (?): cach cruthach atcíther a nErinn . . . is risin mac sin dobiter, RC xii 62 § 21 = dobiotur, Cóir Anm.² ii 45 § 157 . ba hūath fri cāch a gabāil inda lāim ┐ gach rēt ba adētchidhe la cāch dobentai frie . . . unde in prouerbium uenit `fē fris', amail is n-adētc[h]ide in flesc cui nomen fē, sic et alia ress cui comparatur (of a wand kept in burial-places and used to measure corpses), Corm. Y 606 .

Vn. tuba, tubad. Cf. tobéim.

See do-fuiben.

enechrucce, ainechrucce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. enechrucce, ainechrucce or dil.ie/20071

 

n io, m. (1 enech + ruccae)

A

(a) In technical legal usage a dishonour to a person consisting in injury to a relative of a certain degree, or to his tenant of a certain status: enechruice .i. enech rú cian .i. cian o inchaib atcíther a rú .i. a imdergad. enech din .i. agad crodergad [agait croderg] amail rogab mac do máthar, mac do shethar céli foissmad, céli taistil ni na bita [main anb ita] diles sectmad lógi a enig [loige enech] ind, Thr. Ir. Gl. 19 (the varr. in square brackets are added from H 3.18, 120 = O'Curry 224 ) = Corm. Y 532 (where enech...croderg is omitted and the penultimate sentence reads: ni nad bitái dilis. Leg. ní nadbi taí diles what is not thine own possession. See ZCP xv 247 ). cach gres, cach enechruice, is ḟor cintaib treisi ata `all attacks, all insults are among the offences of three days' stay' (i.e. with regard to these, distraint may be stayed for three days) Laws i 162.27 (with gl.: cach gres .i. do neoch i ndlegar lan, cach enechruice .i. o ta lan amach, .i. leth ┐ sechtmaid, 166.18 ). oenchumail i n-enechruice rig frisi forfuacht...ba mathair .uii. rig frisi foruacht (.i....oenchumail .uii. mbo doib a morfessiur inna enechgris), ZCP xv 348 .

(b) the compensation due for such dishonour; a half or a seventh of the `eneclann' of the person so dishonoured: teora fodla fuil for inchaib duine .i. enicland ┐ enechruice ┐ enechgriss (enechruice .i. i leith ┐ i sectmad, Laws v 96.6 . airer enechruice (.i. cumal enechgrisi no enechruici nama), ii 204.22 ; 206.4 (cf. 126 n.1 ). Cf. lanamnas fir tathigthe cen targud, cen urgnam; cuiced a lamthorad cuit in fir .i. in chele fri himscarad doib, arus enachruice dosum furesi insain, cia forruastar fria, ised asrirtar do de, 396 x . na teora eirce seo... .i. eneclann ┐ dire ┐ aithgin .i. eneclann ┐ enechruice ┐ enechgris iii 26.27 Comm.

B in wider sense shame, disgrace, insult: ma rogata nech do torc... ┐ ma dotī dām caem, bes enechruice duit (i.e. you will be shamed for want of provender), Laws i 122.7 . fer tri sruba; sruib tuirc fochlaid scoltas ainechruicce cach aimsir snout of a rooting hog which cleaves shamefacedness (from lack of provender) at any time iv 310.18 . Similarly: ainm cuile no scrine bis iar cul colbu, is indi bit tarsanna coema fri enechruice in which are fair savouries (as provision) against shamefacedness H 3.18, 368b = O'Curry 790 (cf. under enechgreiss cit. from Thes. ii 292 ). ind athis ┐ ind enechrucce ra immir Lamidóin formsa LL 224a27 = TTr. 512 . ba hathis...leis...Frigía do bith fó chuitbiud ┐ enechruce, TTr.² 181 . dom snādhadh... ar thenidh ifirn ┐ bratha ┐ enechruce fiadh gnūis Dē, Scúap Chr., Otia ii 96.15 .

nech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. nech or dil.ie/33014

 

Forms: neich, neuch, nech, nnech, neoch, neoch, neoch

indef. pron. m. (= W. neb). g s. neich. d s. neuch (O.Ir.), neoch; in Mid.Ir. occas. nech; no plural. For neut. forms see 1 ní.

I As indef. pron.

(a) any one ; in positive indef. sent. used like Lat. quispiam; often folld. by partitive DE, etc. Gl. quispiam, Ml. 30d22 . quis (indef. pron.), 19d7 . i nnech , gl. in quempiam, 24a16 . in tan dungni nech olc when any one does evil, 90d12 . día mbé nech occá sirḟegad, FA 10. ind [= a n-] digní neuch [= nech] fria menmain fadesin whatever any one does in intention, Mon. Tall. § 21. coniccim . . . cosc neich I am able to correct any one, Wb. 20d6 . ba chuta dom ṡeilb-se sain . . . for seilb neich n-aill n-aile the possession of any one else, CRR 43. a tabairt i lláim neich uaibsi of any of you, FB 76. cia du neuch, gl. ad quem [angelorum]? Ml. 16a9 .

Freq. folld. by limiting rel. clause in which in strict grammatical construction the subj. mood is used: nech bed chare dō any one that was a friend to him, Ml. 29c16 . arcessi do neuch bes meldach les he pities whomsoever he pleases, Wb. 4c19 . in fagum acaib nech dig do midem bar in slúag? any one who will go to reconnoitre, CRR 25. cebe nech doneth écnach Crist whoever should blaspheme, PH 478. ar lebráin nos-túirfem | fri nech fora n-íarair for any one inquiring for them, Fél. Prol. 290 (ellipt. sent. = for nech bes fora n-í.). (with indic.) in fail d'Ultaib nech is ḟerr andá? any one better than he, TBC-LL¹ 126.

Esp. common after a neg., corresponding to Lat. quisquam: nech, gl. quemquam, Ml. 49a13 . nech, gl. nemo, ZCP viii 174.9 (Fulda Glosses). neich, gl. nullius, Ml. 30a6 . nech huainn cen fochaid, 93c19 (ellipt.). ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt contempt is not to be shown by any one, Wb. 6c19 . nach fail do Ultaib nech dobera a agid ḟormsa, CRR 44. arim cech sluaig . . . ni fail nech rodasfessed, SR 561. asbeirtis ni neich in peccad that sin is no one's, Wb. 4c23 . nīm huain fri acallaim neich, SR 1185. aisneis . . . ní thic do neoch no one is able to declare, FA 9. ní thairce tarba do nech, PH 8385. gin faircsi neich do neoch dia denumh `no one seeing any one doing it', Marco P. 52.

Often in sense of indef. pron. one (= Fr. on, Germ. man), a person (in general): isind aimsir imbi failid nech at the time that a man is joyous, Ml. 86d11 . a mesrugud do neuch buddesin every one should regulate it for himself, Mon. Tall. § 63. mani beth do bochta neich conā raib aicce almsa unless a man's poverty is so great, PH 4973.

(b) in more definite sense some one (= Lat. aliquis); in this case the indic. mood is used in a follg. rel. clause: ata nech du bar ṅdeicsin .i. Dia, gl. est qui inspiciat, Ml. 82a7 . dofoirnde inrucus neich, gl. significat dignum esse aliquem, Sg. 59b1 . amal nech bis i n-aelscud as one who is in longing, Ml. 56b26 . aithesc cungeda neich o neoch the address of [one who is] asking something from some one, TBC-LL¹ 1078. ni he acht nech is casmail dó some one like him, PH 1228. dobér-sa do thorad do brónd nech gébus rigi one who shall reign, 2274 . denad derc . . . mad nech fhuilnges a dhenam uias ann `if he be one who can do so', Ériu xii 252.16 .

II In Mid.Ir. comes to be employed as a subst. = a person (often equivalent to `duine'), used alone or with art. or cach, etc.: corop é in nech ros-ail .i. Cathbad that C. was the person who reared him, CRR 2. in nech ic nach fil almsa the man who has no alms, PH 4974. Riccard . . . do ég: in nech nach tanic a nErinn dibercach as mó ro mill anáss than whom no brigand that came to Ireland destroyed more, RC xviii 294.13 (construction loose). an neach bhus sia . . . d'fhuil Ádhaimh, Dán Dé xiv 2 . gá neach . . . dá ndeach th'aithne a absail? who could fail to acknowledge thee? xii 22 . antí sires ní ar gach nech he who seeks gifts from all, ZCP viii 109 § 2. an t-iarla . . . neach é baí hi ccion one that was in favour, AFM vi 2088.2 , cf. 2092.11 , 2170.6 . neach saer, gl. liber, Ir. Gl. 378. The sense any one is expressed in Mod.Ir. by the prefix aon- (aoin-, én-): gan aon-neach do Thuaith Dé Danann, Keat. Poems 261.

In appos. to a preceding noun: ac so uan Dé nech tócbus pectha in domain, PH 3795 (here nech has become a virtual rel. pron.).

III In later Mid. and early Mod.Ir. used as an indecl. rel. pron. (for all genders) who, which ; generally in the form neoch, or with art. in neoch . crann grēine . . . nech do labhair re hAlaxanndar which spoke to A., Maund. § 266. daine glicca . . . nach [= nech] do innis duinne who told us, ib. gaoithi gairbhi . . . nech le croiter an bith uili by which the whole world is shaken, RC xxviii 312 § 10. Cf. nímt[h]a a dechmad d'indisin nech doní do maith I cannot tell the tenth part of all the good he does, BColm. 70.6 (leg. neich?). d'fechain an oilein . . . neoch atá Dia do gealladh dona dáoinibh which God is to promise to men, BNnÉ 49 § 31 . ag so meissi Muire . . . neoch ro at[ch]aiss whom thou hast besought, Fl. Earls 116.6 ; cf. 134.11 , 256 z . gur cursed ár adbal ar feraib Erenn in neoch dorad brōn . . . dá triathaib (a fact) which caused sorrow, Celt. Rev. iv 206.22 .

With art., freq. folld. by partitive (= Lat. quicquid): in nech doberthar do as uaithib all the milk got from them, Acall. 2070. in neoch thuc Finn do thuarasdal dó .i. .lll. uingi d'ór, 970 . cenmothá in neoch ro marbsatar d'ocaib, LL 241b29 . in neoch narbtar banglasa dib, robtar dubglasa those of them that were not pale green, CCath. 966. aneoch d'innmus do-bertsat na Rómhánaigh ó Anibhal all the wealth the R. had obtained from Hannibal, 1522 . tuc-som leis . . . in neoch roba lor leis dib as many of them as he thought sufficient, Ann. Conn. 1225 § 7. de (do) neoch, folld. by rel. clause, of that (which), of all (that) = Lat. quicquid, Fr. de ce qui . . .; a common constr. in Mid.Ir., always with a sing. vb. in the rel. clause; also in reference to persons of those (who, whom). di neoch atchondarc de delbaib betha, is í delb as aldem díb of all the world's forms that I have seen, BDD 99. ron-bia slán do neoch dorigni-siu we shall get absolution for whatever you have done, Ériu iii 136.44 . nach ret do neoch atcither isin bith, ii 98 § 1 . for cech sechtmad imbairi do neoch imrulaid i mMumain on every seventh ridge he traversed, Trip. 196.7 . trian dō do nech docuirither muir one-third of all that the sea casts up, Laws iv 194.13 . cech dúil do neoch techtus bethaid every creature that has life, PH 4021. Of persons: óclách do neoch dobeir a láim i llaim tigerna, CRR 11. atlugud buidi di cach oen . . . do neoch comallas a ghnim giving thanks to every one of those who fulfil, ACL iii 317 § 53. connach baí d'Ultaib . . . do neoch do nar bo chotlud of all Ulstermen who were not asleep, TBC-LL¹ 2962. carait Césair do neoch ro boí isin Roim dibh all C.'s friends who were in Rome, CCath. 526. fer ro diglastar Ultu for firu Herend .i. do neoch díb ro marbad who avenged all the Ulstermen who had been slain, Ériu iv 28 § 19. mórfesear cecha hairdi i nÉirind do neoch is mó ergna díb the seven wisest in every quarter, 144.11 . as mairg do fhúicfedh Eri do neoch do fhedfadh beith indte, BCC 282.15 . do neoch focheard doman de | a mbreith a ndurthech n-ūre (= all that the earth brings forth are borne to a house of clay), Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 (< Lec. 347b2 ). ro throisc . . . im thuismead cloindi do neoch bad marthanach di do beith eaturru ┐ mac D. (i.e. that children who would survive should be begotten), Lec. 155b22 .

With follg. vb. in pl.: atconnairc sé . . . sochaide . . . do neoch roptar aithenta dó féin, RC xxv 394.9 ; prob. do neoch , generally written as one word, came to be looked on as such, a rel. pron. See also 2 noch.

i nneoch

(a) in something (some place), somewhere (in O.Ir. a neut., d s. of 1 ní): ataat iarum i nneuch forrochongart Dia doib wherever God has ordained them (to be), Ml. 145d7 (of the creatures after creation, oppd. to: in mais = in primeval undifferentiated matter). is ferr liumsa buith i nneuch as doiscairem hi tír Israhel oldaas i nneuch di techdaisib inna [mBa]bellondae I had rather be in the meanest place in the land of I. than in any of the dwellings of the B., 105b7 .

(b) i nneoch má in the case that, if: fer fogaib frith mbech inneoch mad sechtar faithchi if it be outside (his) green, Laws iv 194.20 . dichenglad cor mbel inneoch ma ra latar to dissolve contracts if they have been made, 206.13 . i neoch madrodma in celi in case the tenant has consented, v 384.5 . See ZCP xvi 270 fg . Similarly neoch má: inge .vii. n-uasalchuru . . . neoch ma ro lathar (leg. latar) if they have been made, Laws iv 210.2 . neoch mani ro oiscet crich if [the bees] have not changed territory, 188.10 .

saltarnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saltarnach or dil.ie/36109

 

n [ā, f.] (cf. saltairt, saltraid) act of treading on, trampling : icc tuinnsiumh ┐ ic saltarnaigh fort[h]a, CCath. 6117 . atcither . . . mededha maelderga . . . na saerclann ic saltarnaigh forru, 5125 (saltranaig, v.l.).