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1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

ar-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-beir or dil.ie/3976
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airbeirid, arbeir, araber, -airbir, ar-id-beram, arberat, ar-berar, aramberar, arberr, -airberar, arbertar, airberedh, -arbered, -erbirmis, armbertis, arabertis, airbir, arambere, -erbara, -arbera, arambera, -airbera, araroibrea, aramberam, -arbaram, -airbirid, -arbarat, -arberat, armberthar, aramberthar, ar-bertar, arberainn, -airbertha, arberad, -airbertis, -airberthe, -airbéer, -erbæra, -erbera, -erberad, -airbértaís, araruburt, arbert, arrubert, -arbart, -erbart, -arbert, arrubartatar, -arrbartatar, erberdu, airbirthi, erbirthi, aurberta, airbert

v ( air-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 464 - 5 ). Later as simple vb. airbeirid. Indic. pres. 3 s. arbeir, Wb. 10c6 . araber, Ml. 46b7 . -airbir, Laws v 252.11 . 1 pl. ar-id-beram, Sg. 26b2 . 3 pl. arberat, Sg. 198b7 . Pass. sg. ar-berar, Sg. 31a3 . aramberar, 148b13 . arberr, 146a1 . -airberar, 192a1 . Pl. arbertar, Sg. 33a19a . Indic. impf. 3 s. airberedh, RC xvi 60.14 . -arbered, RC x 50 note 2 . 1 pl. -erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . 3 pl. armbertis, Sg. 196b5 . arabertis, Ml. 131d10 . Ipv. 2 s. airbir. Wb. 29a25 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. arambere, Wb. 28c11 . -erbara, LL 14162 . 3 s. -arbera, Ml. 72b26 . arambera, Sg. 192b2 . -airbera, O'Dav. 1092 . With ro: araroibrea, Thes. i 498.2 . 1 pl. aramberam. Sg. 148a1 . -arbaram, Sg. 40a11 . 2 pl. -airbirid, Wb. 11b25 . 3 pl. -arbarat, Wb. 10c1 . -arberat, BColm. 78.28 . Pass. sg. armberthar (leg. aramberthar, edd.), Ml. 53c9 . Pl. co ar-bertar , Ml. 121b3 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arberainn, Trip.² 2106 . 2 s. -airbertha, ZCP iii 29.35 . 3 s. arberad, Mon. Tall. 135.9 . 3 pl. -airbertis, Wb. 10b8 . Pass. sg. -airberthe, Ériu i 114 § 2 .

Fut. 1 s. -airbéer, Wb. 32a20 . 3 s. -erbæra, Ml. 110c2 . -erbera, Ml. 48b12 . Condit. 3 s. -erberad, Ml. 48a5 . 3 pl. -airbértaís, LU 1224 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. araruburt, Ml. 108a2 . ro erberius, Ériu lv 15 . 3 s. arbert, LU 765 (ACC). arrubart, Ml. 21a11 . arrubert, BColm. 84.5 . -arbart, Ml. 36a4 . -erbart, LL 13811 . -arbert, Thr. Ir. Gl. 34.z . 3 pl. arrubartatar, Ml. 34c4 , 91b1 . -arrbartatar, Sg. 40b9 .

Part. erberdu ( d s.), Ml. 97d2 . airbirthi (n p.), 94d1 .

Vbl. of necess. erbirthi, Ml. 98c10 . aurberta, LB 11b17 .

Vn. airbert. IGT Verbs § 83 .

I With biuth (d s. of bith world , see GOI 162 ).

(a) lives: araberat biuth gl. degentibus, Ml. 50d13 . coarbera biuth gl. degeret, 72b26 . forcane ┐ arambere biuth gl. ut scias quomodo oporteat té in domo Dei conuersari `that thou shouldst teach and live', Wb. 28c11 . .xu. bliadnai i n-ardrígu . . . día n-airbereth bith co craibdech, Trip.² 2104 . ro airbir bith fon tsruth trom she lived, LU 3069 . Without biuth: is intib airbirit co anbsaid . . . i rrotaigib anaitreba, LU 2062 ( FA 14 ). ? is medhōn aratairberat inacethraso ciasanechtar foferthar .i. is asa meadhōn airbertnaighit, Anecd. v 24.18 (cf. airberat .i. aitrebat nó impoait quoting this ex. O'Dav. 54 ).

(b) eats: arbeir biuth a mbís for altóir ind ídil, Wb. 10c6 . amal aramberat biuth inna cethrai . . . inna sástu frisacomracat, Ml. 69a19 . intí arbir bith oss nallaid, Mon. Tall. 146.8 . ni cainairbiur dergflatha na finn ┐ niconn airbiur biuth `nor shall I taste food', RC x 226.188 . tug . . . araill dina bolgaib . . . ┐ arus arubairt bid . . . ar adbertadar bid uad na tri cet laech where he ate the three hundred warriors also ate from it, IT ii2 102.y . Without biuth: dia nairbera samuisci . . . .i. mane esadar samuisc `if he eat', O'Dav. 1092 .

(c) uses, employs etc.: arrubartatar biuth gl. freti, Ml. 34c4 . arrubart biuth gl. usus, 35b11 . amal ni airbertis bith gl. non utantur, Wb. 10b8 . conid cumme aramber biuth hua cech rét frissacomraic so that he enjoys equally everything he meets with, Ml. 69a18 . ararubartatar biuth gl. ob perfunctoriam, 97d2 . intan arbir bith in scribtur . . . do deisimbrecht asna psalmaib when Scripture uses an example from the psalms, Hib. Min. 4.128 . nī hinill do crāibdech airbera bith nach cruth la ṡōerbrāth fēin for it is not prudent for a religious that he enjoy his own will in any way, ZCP iii 29.3 . Without biuth practises (of an art etc.): cia dána airbere . . . ? écse, ol sé, RC xiii 442 § 19 . wields (of kingship): ar-robert-side in ríge iar n-ēcaib Airt, Fing. R. 558 ( RC xxv 24 § 7 ). co n-erbara mo rígise fordo ríge, LL 14162 .

II

(a) pleads, makes use of or applies a procedure, etc.(?): tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-airecht `who cannot speak for his own good', Laws v 252.11 . fer a diri ummorro ma arberai tuarusndal, Anecd. iii 23.z . ma ro airberedh a faesam fo cetoir, Laws i 100.2 Comm. ? cain bera do dligedh arbera do turbaid, O'D. 944 (H 3.17, c. 661) (heading of a par. which lays down that notice (tasc) must be given of accidental `turbadha', Plummer MS notes). ? arbert Bassil brathu, LU 765 (ACC). Almost = as-beir in: maro airbeired riu urradh do tabairt leo if they have been told to bring a native freeman with them, Laws i 86.26 Comm. , 88.5 Comm. , 90.3 Comm. , 6 Comm.

(b) a.¤ . . . fri opposes: ni airbéer fritt `I will not reproach thee with it', Wb. 32a20 . ni erbart frit cosindiu I did not oppose you, LL 13811 . munar airbered [.i. imrisin] ris if he has not been opposed(?), Laws i 114.3 Comm.

(c) Gramm. expresses (with A): ciaridberam a céill a pronominibus `though we express their sense by pronouns', Sg. 26b2 . a deilb atreibthig arberar a n-aitherrechthe, 31a3 . arbertar as noéntarmoirciunn .i. aitrebthacha ┐ agnomina gl. ex eadem forma agnomina, 33a19a . atá linn . . . ni asanarbaram dærscugud di neuch di hilib a chenéuil feissin .i. a superlait, 40a11 . arberr chial chesto as indí as difficio, 146a1 . intan aramberar ciall brethre gníma ass, 148b13 . arṁbertis a rrangabáil ḟrecndairc, 196b5 .

(d) subdues, quells(?): nicon ruba dōine, nicon arlaig . . . nicu rarbairt (niconarbairt v.l.) a lighe Lomnae, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88 ). ? dorairned díumus na mborb / ro airbered cech fodord all murmuring was subdued(?), SR 4496 .

ate

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ate or dil.ie/4589

 

asseverative particle truly, indeed, nay . See GOI 541 . inní nad n-imcai a.¤ immaaccai `is it a thing He does not consider? Yea, He considers it', Ml. 114a15 . a.¤ æm ní fercaigedar gl. num quid irascitur, 24b18 . a.¤ ní chumgaim gl. quasi uero possim, Thes. ii 4.30 . ba doich lim bith i n-athḟocus daib . . . nom-bemis. athe is imḟocus etruinn, IT ii2 190.1 . nír bo sén maith dolodbair . . . do saigid in duni-seo. adde is fir ciatberthar son, 214.50 ( LU 1599 ). cid sin sein . . . adde . . . bídh sin Moraind ondíu co brath he, iii 190 § 16 . adgladustar for leith. a.¤ ni beoga (sic MS., see Aisl. Óeng. 46 n.2 ) do imtecto, RC iii 344.14 . As introductory particle well: a.¤ ar Mel ┐ Melchu fri Brigit, atcuas dún Patraicc do tuidecht, Vita Br. 40 .

? até

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? até or dil.ie/4590

 

ind tadall latt a Chu C. Ni adliub ém ol Cu Chulaind. A.¤ in biad cu ol si. Diambad ḟulocht mór no beth and or si ro adelta, LL 13887 .

1 bert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bert or dil.ie/5735
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: beirt, beart, beirt

n ā, f., also o, m. Also beirt f. (beirid). See Éigse viii 101 - 103 , xii 68 , Language xxix 325 . b.¤ (lúachra) m., IGT Decl. § 15. beart (chluichi) f. (ó bheirt an chluithe ┐ an éduigh, v.l.), § 39 . beirt [éadaigh ?] f., § 14 .

Occas. appar. = breth: b.¤ .i. breth . . . ar ate .ix. mberta maicne insin la Féine .i. .ix. mbretha mac annso anuas, O'Dav. 280. ropat móra do berta (`Rechtssprüche', TFerbe 281 ), LL 33690. co brāth na mb.¤ for ever , ZCP viii 228 § 18.

I Burden, load; bundle: b.¤ quasi port, a uerbo porto .i. imarc[h]uirim, Corm. Y 163. etarport quasi etar-bert .i. itir dā beirt, 529 . b.¤ (beart, IT iii 89 § 115 ) fleda for lomgabail (one who carries) a package (of food) for a feast on a bare fork, Bruchst. i 34 § 80. loman carr ┐ beart `the rope for (tying) carts and loads', Laws i 140.3 Comm. long cona be[i]rt (: ceilt) cargo, Prolegomena 43 § 29 . gan bheirt ar bhoin, DDána 114.34 . birt troma i dtéadánaibh `heavy corded bundles', TD 16.59 . gille ag gabháil a mbeirteadh / fir ag fregra chaismeirteadh bundles (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1127 meirge Suibhne, beart buidhe a yellow burden (?), MR 230.1 . Cf. blaith .i. buidhe . . . eich fo berti blaithi, O'Dav. 322. pn In sobriquet: la ríg Eoganachta B.¤ Crechi `Load of Plunder', RC xvii 381.24 (Tig.). bundle, sheaf of thatch, rushes, straw, etc.: colpdach i n-airbir, samaisc i llethbeirt, bó i mbeirt (mbert, v.l.), Críth G. 213. cen co benta acht b.¤ de, manar facaib air ní dá tic dín, O'D. 1695 (H. 5.15, 31b). Cf. O'Curry 642 (H. 3.18, 309). beart don tuighe dá fīghe, LBranach 1450 . ithig b.¤ crema, Anecd. i 48 § 9. is tegar boichti mo beart / seagal is coirci is cruithneacht, IGT Decl. ex. 1064. fuaim na n-each gan beart chum lige `straw for litter', Ó Bruad. ii 192.6 . do-níd aoin bheart amháin da n-armaibh `piled . . . into one heap', Keat. iii 2827.

Fig. burden, weight (of grief, etc.): b.¤ ghoimhe, Rel. Celt. ii 268.33 . nocha nfuil[n]ghim thúas don beirt / o rochuala tásg mh'éinmhic `I cannot bear up against the blow', BS 56.23 . do bhrígh na beirte because of the burden (of oppression), DDána 74.27 . Cf. gár mheisde . . . / a sgaradh (sic leg.) re a mbeirtibh bróin, 79.19 . In cheville: beirt pían, SR 7171. Other applications: dā uigh chirce ar mbúain dā beart `taken from her clutch', KMMisc. 364.16 . a carnn-fhoilt léi 'n a m-beartaibh `tresses', Hard. ii 24.y .

II Clothing, covering, clothes, attire, apparel; accoutrement: beirt .i. cumhdach, O'Cl. tugadh beart (eadach, v.l.) nua do gach aon díobh, idir shlabhradh ┐ léine ┐ bhrat, Ériu i 95.1 . beart do croicend ōglaogh allaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 160. beart allmhurdha `strange garment', O'Hara 1438. beirt righ Laighen . . . a léine sroil ┐ a áon ghae, BNnÉ 257 § 216 . co mbeirt glégil in white raiment, Grail 23 . armghaiscedh . . . etir ghai ┐ sciath ┐ claideb, cona bheirt foithibh casing (?), Lism. L. 1610. tuc beirt ridiri (arm gaiscidh, v.l.) dhoibh ` equipment ', ITS xix 28.12 . seacht mbeirte décc éideadh `suits of armour', AFM iv 1244.16 . a bheirt ghliadh 'his battle armour', Celtica xxvi 101 § 28 . buiden do rāpēroip ┐ do daigēroib . . . go mbeirtibh cloch uaissle cumdaigh ar n-a gcomhōradh `with hilts (scabbards ?) of ornamented precious stones' (?), Fl. Earls 100.33 . ocht .xx. claidimh beirte cumdhaigh le hor, L. Chl. S. 27.

III

(a) deed, exploit; feat, trick; effort, task; action, behaviour: na trī berta buadhnaise . . . sin those three exultant deeds, ML² 1122. Cf. phr. b.¤ búada below. Macha, co mbert- aib na mbergg `with feats of heroes', MacCarthy 182 § 5 . tria beirt n-iṅglicc fria n-athair ( Gen. xix 30 - 35 ) wanton trick, Rawl. 72a36 . in b.¤ baísi `foolish thing', TBC-LL² 1064 . atbath tre beirt láechda lúaith, Metr. Dinds. ii 20.23 . do rigni berta fir baíth, iv 146.6 . ag déanamh beart mbaodhluch `venturesome deeds', O'Hara 1390. Lugaid [luth] la beirt (: seirc), Ériu v 209.20 . beart ullamh hí on aingeal (of the Incarnation), DDána 48.17 . beart do bheartaibh an tṡaoghail `one of the tricks of the world', KMMisc. 350.24 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt (: ardneirt) `as they should achieve the task', Ériu iv 110.2 . In phr. b.¤ búada: co fagba lícc bas b.¤ búada for lecht n-Aeda `stone that shall be a trophy', Metr. Dinds. iv 102.12 . bearta a buadh ar ghléire gall (of Ireland), Hackett xlii 68 . Cf. ML² 1122. b.¤ cháis: Muire ógh ar t'fheart / a brón 's a beart cháis, PBocht 5.54 . In phrr. (attá, do-icc) ar b.¤ : a imscar ┐ Meic Con asin chath ro boí ar b.¤ oco the battle that was about to take place between them (?), LU 9828 ( PRIA xix 532.7 ). tathum domna bróin ar beirt matter for grief has fallen to me (?), Metr. Dinds. iv 284.3 . cia beith olc na crí / connāch tí for beirt `though they meditate evil, it may not come to pass' (?), KMMisc. 268.14 . da ceirtbliadain dó for beirt / i tig Loairnd dó ag Eirc, YBL 317b7 ( Aided M. 800 ). Note also: mar adberaid buidni ar beirt / maraid im' cuimni comneirt, MacCarthy 410 § 6 . (In cheville) caoine (leg. cáiniu) bertaibh, ZCP viii 198.7 .

(b) move in a game, play in a game, game: ro tincoisc beirt diarbo cluchi for Murchadh `a move by which a game went against M.', Cog. 144.3 . an bheart (bheirt, v.l.) eile, Ériu xvii 12.30 . b.¤ indarba agad, a meic `a move of banishment', Ériu iii 154 § 8. [tré]na beirt ndírig ndílis `for his straight and honourable play', SG 124.18 . gairid ar mbúain resin mbeirt / gur smúain an aibhid d'imeirt, IGT Decl. ex. 625. ? dál féirleabtha d'inghin é / imridh sé éinbhearta is í, ex. 1113 .

Compds. brig ar bertblaidh, IT iii 64 § 131.26 . a n-anmann cen bertbrón (mertbron, v.l.: Mercōn), ZCP xii 377.7 .

cach, cech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cach, cech or dil.ie/7528
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cach, cech, cach, gach, gech, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cach, cech

pronominal adj. prec. noun each, every, all , unstressed form of cách. See GOI 33 , 310 - 11 . In Wb. and Sg. usually cach. in Ml. cech ( cech, Wb. 1c18 , 2a22 , 3d30 , 4a2 , 5c20 (chech), 6b1 , 21a14 , 33c8 , 34a2 , Sg. 190a3 . cach, Ml. 19c1 , 22b1 , 24c9 , 35b10 , 51d3 , 92d12 , 111a5 etc.). In later lang. gach, see GOI 111 . gech, Celtica iv 28.396 . Not itself lenited ( GOI 141 ), but does not prevent mutation of follg. word. g s f. cacha, cecha (see below) geminates on evidence of later lang., GOI 151 . Follg. nasalization originating in neut. and a s. spreads to other grammatical contexts: amru cach n-ārmaig, SR (Greene) 3770 . ba amru cech n-ail, SR (Greene) 4513 . ba ferr cech ndáil, SR (Greene) 7125 . a mbreath gach nduine, TD 34.9 . gach n-oidhche, DDána 98.3 . See MU² xxxi .

Uninflected in sg. except g s f. cacha, cecha (below); rarely in other cases. g s n. drécht caich ceniúil, Wb. 5c3 . g s f. cecha cathrach, Ml. 53d6 . cecha soinmige, 56b22 . cacha frithare, 111a5 . cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 . cacha rainne, Sg. 26b9 . cacha áirme, 198a14 . cache oxile, Thes. ii 255.4 . cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.9 ( SCano 9 ). cachae tremsi, Mon. Tall. 138.3 . gacha cairbhe, DDána 99.29 . gacha mēide, Fl. Earls 88.16 . a s f. doomlacht . . . ol nais caich mbleguin, AU i 188.8 . Later also cacha, cecha with other genders: cacha fechtais, BDD² 201 . cacha ráithi (sic MS.), Críth G. 179 . cacha lestair, Laws iv 192.9 . cecha carptig, CRR 38.x . cecha huilc, PH 6166 . gacha síodha, Aithd. D. 88.9 . ilimud cecha hairm, Stair Erc. 824 . For usage in class. verse cf. bean gach fhir, bean gacha fir .c. Fiafruigheam focal gach fear . . . .c. . . . gacha, ni .c. na dhíaigh achd táoibhréim úathaidh . . . meallam duine gacha fir, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. anam gach fhir, Dán Dé xxx 4 . do reactha rún gacha fir, Studies 1919, 258 § 19 .

In pl. somet. cacha, cecha, but also cach, cech: cecha dethidnea domundi all worldly cares, Wb. 3d30 . cacha cethri, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . tri (leg. fri ? edd.) cecha oina `towards every one', Ml. 56a20 . cecha soinmech gl. affluentiam rerum omnium, 91c12 . bendacht cecha bordgal (: ordan), Fél. Prol. 275 (leg. cech óen, Stokes Gloss., but see below). cacha leth, ZCP viii 307.26 . hi cacha bésaib `in all usages', Wb. 16a27 . hi cacha persanaib, Sg. 208a11 . Uninflected: sech cech ríga, Ml. 84b1 . ó cach tharmmorcnib `from all endings', Sg. 43a5 . cach iptha ┐ gach éle ┐ gach orthana, TBC-LL¹ 3639 . In follg. appar. with g pl. Note, however, absence of nasalization (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. and cf. ciall iollraidh tá a ngach; dá dhearbhadh sin as .c. meallfad iad gach fear, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40. 3 ): for got cech meall do mellaib a dromai, BDD² 351 . fotha . . . cach imforran, RC xxiv 186.11 . go líon gcéad gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 . comhchruinnioghadh . . . gach ainchriosdaidheadh oile, Ó Héodhusa 33.3 .

In later lang. certain prepp. are modified before gach. See la, 1 do, i, tre and cf. leis gach bhfear, TD 9.26 .

I

(a) each, every, all : dognitis cech ndochrud and, Ml. 22a4 . is huaisliu cech duil, 25a1 . ar cech lau gl. in dies, 29a11 . hi cech dú gl. passim, 50c12 . im cech rét ru-n-ecat les, 57b4 . secech talmain, 84a2 (= sech cech). cech ṅdrochscél gl. omnis fabula, 86b3 . a cach duini gl. o homo omnis, Wb. 1c8 . foditiu cech imnid, 1c18 . fo bésad cech dachpreceptoro, 4a2 . do-feich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . is diamuin leiss cach thúare, 6b8 . i cach réit ro-hí a less gl. in omnibus bonis, 20c11 . os cech anmimm ainmnigther gl. super omne nomen, 21a14 . cach tenge gl. omnis lingua, 23c20 . cach gutae, Sg. 18a3 . do cach brethir, 161a1 . ciall cech muid, 190a3 . recachthuisiul, 210a8 . ducach belru, Thes. ii 226.23 . da gach bocht, Blathm. 40 . hi cinn cach thíre, ZCP xi 82 § 20 . etir cach salm deni trib cáocad sancte Michaol etc. , Mon. Tall. 130.24 . cech nderg . . . cach nua . . . cech ard everything red, etc., LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). dicerint omne malum .i. cach nolc, ZCP viii 173.20 . cech saer noslēma, 110.29 . cach deisel is dī dacuas, ACL iii 237 § 26 . mar cach ndeiscipal acci, BColm. 56.9 . cluned huaim chech deag-duini, Ériu iii 196 § 16 . fuli cech anmae `the sins of every soul', 96 § 3 . du gach thir, Laws iv 162 n. in cech tīr, ZCP viii 109.4 . geall gach ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . gach grádh riamh dá radas dise, Timth. viii 1918, 8 § 3 . saidhbir . . . o gech earnuil eisc, RC xlvi 226.7 . gach aimsir do-chuaidh thort, Corp. Astron. 6.6 . For phr. cach díriuch directly see díriuch, dírge.

(b) V. freq. in genitives of time, see bliadain, tan, tráth etc. and día, , GOI 159 .

(c) With uile (on follg. lenition see Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.11 ): do gach uili arm, Stair Erc. 1545 .

(d) For phr. cach aí each of them see 1 aí and cf. di cach di suidib immenetar `of each of them in turn', Ml. 26b20 . cech diib, 72b27 . cach diib, 114c15 . See cách (c).

(e) With follg. cardinal ( gach ┐ gach ré, .l. áireamh uathaidh nó iollraidh na mbéal, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40.2 ): i ngnimaib cech óin, Ml. 56c11 . cech oin, 68a13 . cach oén creitfess hí Christ, Wb. 4d21 . do c[ec]h óin bíth [hí] croi[ch], Tur. 136 . du cech óin dia chlaind, Ml. 133a10 . cech oin huaib, 34a3 . no sasadh cech naon, Blathm. 39 . cech n-ōen ronānaicc a less, ACL iii 2.4 . re cech oin salm, Ml. 2b4 . doaidlibem cech n-oin dliged, 14d5 . du cech oin erbirt biuth gl. ad ussús omnes, 128c2 . hi cech oinalaithe .i. cech dia gl. in dies singulos, 58d3 . nomen saindíles cach oenḟolaid, Sg. 28a16 . cach oinfolaid gl. pro uniuscuiusque rei, 200b4 . as gach éanaird, TD 8.11 . cech da son `two words apiece', Tur. 2 . cach di dúil, Sg. 3b8 . eter cach da asna, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). iter cech dá dorus, BDD² 282 .

(f) With ordinal: gach treas baili, Acall. 1882 . cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . For phr. cachla every other, etc. see 1 aile, and cf. Zimmer KZ xxx 69 - 71 . Note also: cach ra n-úair . . . in n-úair aile, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). cach ra fechtas, Rawl. 149b46 . gach dara lá, TSh. 7911 . For rules for use of gach ré in class. verse see Bard. Synt. Tr. 39 - 40 .

(g) With follg. abstr. noun: cach faicsi thiced d'aidchi ra étlaitis lucht a frestail the closer it came to nightfall, LL 268b24 . cech doimne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper the grave reached, ZCP viii 560.22 . gach méad dob' inleighis d'a muinntir, Ériu i 90 § 39 . gach mēide rusmair `all who still lived', Fl. Earls 246.23 . gach fairsingi bias an dorus, is usuidi le dul amach, Rosa Angl. 44.11 . gac fad teit amach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.31 . gach līnmhaireacht aimsire however often, Fl. Earls 48.27 . Cf. gach réidhteach is fearr fhéadfadsa do dhéanamh leo dhéanad é, Maguires of F. 70 .

II

(a) Freq. after negatives, comparatives, and the conjunctions amail, mar in wider sense of all, any, any other : amal as n-esrantaid cech maith `is non-participant in any good', Ml. 31a12 . is duiliu lim cech rét m'anim, 55a4 . is suacbairi[u] indaas cech tír, 62b10 . fri tige cach n-aithech gl. nulla . . . discritio inter Templum tuum et priuata aedes..., 92d15 . as mou cech fortacht `greater than any help', 114b2 . is uaísliu cach ceítbuid córe gl. pax Christi, quae superat omnem sensum, Wb. 24b4 . ni torgaitha i cach caingin gl. ne quis . . . circumueniat in negotio fratrem suum, 25b5 . fisidhiu cech draoi `than any druid', Blathm. 7 . ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill trifling matters, Críth G. 35 . amail cach nduinorcnid `like any other homicide', Mon. Tall. 158.18 . mar cech n-ethait like any bird, LL 12717 . nī faictis cach conair notēigtis, ACL iii 224.35 . sir ní as tana ná gach tonn. IGT Decl. ex. 438 . can tsroin ac cach duine dib `not one of them has a nose', Maund. 175 . mar gach ainmidi `like any . . . beast', Stair Erc. 1909 .

(b) The form cech(a) cacha is freq. with follg. vb. (usually conj. or prot. form). The earliest sense is indef. whoever, whatever, whichever (see GOI 28 , 289 ). As accus. cosmail leiss cacha orr in cara fá æscara `whichever he may slay', Sg. 12b7 . cecha taibre, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20.15 . ní dígbad ní dia uball cacha tomled de whatever he ate of it (all he ate of it ? See below), LU 10021 . cacha imlodmar cose / de bruig B. however much, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . As nom. cech thucai `whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v). ropo toil Dé cecham-theirb `whatever may vex(?) me', Murphy Lyrics 34.24 (cecham teirp, cach am teirb, gachum terb, MSS.); 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 n. 40 ; 'whatever hinders me be God's will' , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 316 § 24 . nír bo léir isin mballan cacha tuccad ind, Ériu v 116.43 . cech be dhe `whatever may come', Blathm. 108 § 3 . cach be da lin however numerous they be, Anecd. ii 31.20 . cach a raba di mét a thurse tired as he was, LU 9099 ( FB 85 ). cach a bé dim airddi, 9199 ( 92 ). Perh. also in cecip (indef.), see 1 cía B (e).

(c) Later in sense all that, that which (cf. 4 a). As accus. cecha ndernai do fertaib gl. a ndorigēnai, Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). cacha ndénainn `of all I might do', Liad. and Cuir. 24.18 . adfiadatar . . . cechidepirt ind ingen friss, RC xi 442.7 . cacha ro-cesair, PH 1697 . ní áirmhim a leth nō a thrīan / gach a fūaras, ZCP viii 220.8 . cacha finnub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5759 . 'ca cuimnechad do I. cach doronsad, TTebe 3895 . cacha bhfagbhaitis . . . a lamha, Lism. L. 1308 . gach nar ghabh all he captured, DDána 64.7 . gach ar léigis linn, 84.11 . gach a n-abrai-siu, ML² 478 . As nom. cecha marbt[h]ar dīobh 'sa ccath, ZCP viii 116.25 . gach a ccurthar ann, Párl. na mB. 1174 . cach a bfuil acat i tig, ACL iii 222.7 . gach ar mair `all that yet remained', Stair Erc. 2119 .

1 clí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clí or dil.ie/9466
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. in chlí, Thes. ii 295.4 . Appar. indeclinable; but see perh. d. sg. clith, Ériu xxix 157 = AM .

(a) a house-post : is c.¤ darach Moysi [i]sin tegdais `an oaken pillar', Wb. 33a5 (` leg., with Chroust, clin', Strachan). cach comarbbae cona ch.¤ inna chaīnorbbae clandas `Hauspfosten', ZCP xi 81 § 13 . ate-midiur-sa ar mo chenéuil clith 'I estimate them by the house-post of my kin' Ériu xxix 157 (= AM 4.18 , 63.163) . cach comarbba cona ch.¤ i cind a thíre techtai, LL 293b12 . fo chlí mo chuile, Lament 104 § 31 . nico n-airsitis cli fri alaile that they would find the house completely destroyed, Vita Br. 1 . sádis c.¤ and ┐ asbert robad chongbail ┐ cathir dó, Trip.² 1731 (castrametatus est, Lat. Lives 34.4 ). amail atcumaic in c.¤ isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . ar a chosmaile fri clī thige, ibid. ní hasta dilsi, na tuinide, na c.¤, na cuaille . . . , O'D. 580 ( H 3.17, 444 ). ni rudhradh nad astann cli na cuailli .i. nocha ro tairismech é itir muna astaighte cli a tighi air a aititin fir bunaidh, O'Curry 435 ( H 3.18, 235b ). c.¤ .i. cleath, O'Cl. Equated with cleth: ce dobre bir clethi fordorus .i. cia doburnaid fair banna don c.¤ biraich bis osonn fordorus, O'Dav. 620 . By extension: cia braenaighther bainne do cli biraith na cainnle the pointed candle-stick(?), O'Dav. 320 .

(b) Freq. in Fig. use of a person, champion, support, prop; authority : in ch.¤ comras cond credail / ollmas fu thocaid tugaib `the mighty balk . . . great (and) good under roofs of fortune', Thes. ii 295.4 (SP v). c.¤ de rgóir . . . | Findbarr Maige Bili, Fél. Sept. 10 . lam Chua, c.¤ búadach, Acr. 6 . ard-chli os Emna oenuch (of a king), AU i 418.6 . c.¤ .i. comarba, ut est, Cobtach cloth c.¤ in crabaid, O'Curry 1301 ( H 3.18, p. 540a ) (citation from LB 101b59 ). ar ṅDia . . . / ar C., SR 7483 . a ch.¤ gaili cen eisslis (to Saul), 5994 . arm-char c.¤ `a weapon-loving champion', Metr. Dinds. ii 40.61 . Exceptionally of a woman: ingean d'Aengus, glan a gairi, / cli roscar in Daire dearg, Ériu x 82 § 57 . Of a tooth: en fiacuil im chind gan cli, Fen. 294.5 . c.¤ an éirnidh an ionnaithmhigh an authority in explaining and unriddling? RC iv 354.2 . do thaobh na haithne si (sc. the first commandment) . . . cuir ad mheabhair an ní adéra an ch.¤ riot, Mac Aingil 3212 .

coibé(i)s

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coibé(i)s or dil.ie/10002
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cobessi, coibeisi

n (com + *péis, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 184 ) ? g s. cobessi, LB 221a45 . n p. coibeisi, Grail 1349 . equal amount, equivalent : icu fer tairci a trian, ┐ cobes fer don da dtrian ele, O'Curry 1588 ( 23 Q 6, 1 ab ). an coibēs sin `that much', BColm. 60.2 . nim tharraid cubes conróetar m'ainech enough to ..., LL 13798 . da chuibeis forro twice as much, Leb. Cert.² 1624 . níor ob cath ar dá choibhéis (:spéis), Content. ii 42 . With follg. gen. cobeis a ratha the equivalent of his stock, Laws ii 210.30 Comm. coibeis a eniclainni, v 56.10 Comm. cobes coirpdire, O'D. 551 ( H 3.17, 437 ). coibhéis dhá chóigeadh oile / cóigeadh chloinne R., Content. iv 51 . coibes anala cait as much as, YBL 85b43 . gan coibeis line einchirce, BLism. 148a32 . nir chian cor comaillead / in goibes fhaistine that very prophecy, Lec. 171 ra 15 = coimēs, ZCP viii 206.18 . in cobhes ime-sea, Lism. L. 1297 . With prec. possessive: geb na runnu sa di / dobersa a coibeis uadi, Anecd. i 7.2 ( SCano 193 ). a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . dorat a dá chobheis im Conall C. doubled the amount in C.'s case, O'Dav. 1242 = cutrummai, LU 8142 ( FB 10 ). a ṡecht cobeis, LL 6238 . With partitive DI: a lin lo fil fortchassail . . . a chubes do phectachaib, Trip. 384.4 coibeis craind na sleige da ḟeoil, Acall. 7931 . coibhéis tug díbh dá gach dreim, DDána 42.5 . coibhéis an ghráinne mhusttaird do chreideamh, Desid. 4794 . Note also: coibheis no cuttroma a ttarla, Hugh Roe² 332.3 . With prepp. in comparisons: ní raibhe da chineadh cobéis dó ar eineach `his peer', AFM iv 710.9 . robligh on tarbh coibeis frisna secht mbuaib, RC xii 352 § 47 . ni caithedh acht coibeis fri gach manach ate no more than, BNnÉ 300 § 3 . dianomtarta-sa hi cubés fri Granne if you compare me with G., Ériu iii 137.54 (for coimmes). coibēis ḟesa 's a[n] t-Airdrī, ZCP vii 301 § 1 . co fuil coibheis brighi aici an coibheis ata do dathannuibh innti that it has as many powers as it has colours Celtica ii 83 § 20 .

In predicative use: brat . . . is coibés ┐ ceó cétamain, BDD² 997 . is coibéis ferand cach graidh ó thá sin co righ, O'D. 1953 ( Cod. Clar. xv 7d ). coibes . . . a corp ┐ corp ésca, Todd Nenn. 71.7 . coibés no sroiglithea in trén . . . ┐ in fand equally, LB 155b49 . ni coibeis asreanadar `they are not equally paid for', Laws iv 124.x Comm. is cubés dún cid isna puplaib . . . bemmit `it is all the same to us', TBC-LL² 1853 = is cuma duinn, St. is cubēs duit ┐ beid do do thorbha fadēin atopartha a cubēsi do Dia, ZCP v 498.20 . As attrib.: caite gell coibeis colla? Laws iii 322.10 .i. . . . coibhes colladh na fiach, 11 Comm. tri duillendai . . . cobessi comdatha, LB 221a45 .

comblicht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comblicht or dil.ie/10802

 

adj (blicht) yielding milk : fordiócbáe . . . / até caine, comblechta, SR 5428 . gabuis in athgabail . . . ar dosnesair bui mblicht. Fogellsat Seancha ┐ birtside tresi fri coim[b]lichtai, O'Curry 785 ( H 3.18, 367a ). maine be c.¤ a sini easily milked(?) (a cow), 250 ( 145 ). Cf. conairleigeadh-siomh da muintir . . . fholluch . . . ar choimliocht glossed relaxatio `as an indulgence' (cf. Lat. commulceo), Rule of Tallaght 1 . ? So also: ro pennead a n-ilpeacta, ciarob iar n-ilar comlechta, Laws v 448.3 ( O'Dav. 528 ). Cf. cuimlecht?

díbad,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díbad, or dil.ie/15990
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dibad, dibada, dibaid, Dibaid

n o, m. (see GOI § 728 ).

I

(a) destruction, extinction, quenching: do d.¤ tuath i traiti, SR 6769 . na dernai in firfhlaith . . . | ar nd.¤ ar lándilgenn (Adam loq.), 1548 . dibud (díbad, LB) soillsi .i. caindle, Corm. Y 827 . cen díth cen d.¤ , FA § 35 . im d.¤ a deirci for destroying his eye, MR 110.7 . fáthi cen d.¤ prophets without extinction, Hy. i 44 . d.¤ ngua, SG 253.27 . do dibad na tol collaide, PH 3541 . is si sualaich soerbad do dibuth inna ndualcha-sa, Ériu vii 138 . in tene cen dibad the inextinguishable (?) fire, LL 150a24 . atnaigit na sluaigh ac dibud na tenteadh, Aen. 1182 . coraigis comlaidh . . . for in tipraid dia d.¤ (bádod, LL), BB 396b38 . do d.¤ a gaile isin sruth to quench his ardour, Dinds. 102 (RC xvi). iar ndíobadh á airm annsin when his weapons were destroyed, CRR² p. 72 . cach nós co d.¤ till it becomes extinct, ACL iii 228 . dochuaid a senchus a nd.¤ ac na farrsaigib grecda, Lec. 536a4 . rath Eirenn fo deired acco gan dibaid , Acall. 7839 (leg. dibad). dibada (metri causa), Lec. 534b1 . do díobadh do mharbadh ┐ do sgrios cumhacht an phobail, Esther viii 18 . Note also: nár sguab gaoth díobhadh (leg. as compd.?) a ttosach geimhre oiread ar teasgadh d'foltaibh . . . do cheannaibh cura hurricane (?), CF 827 (Eg.). Attrib. g s. rodasbate plag dibaid | dosrat fo cach tromdigail, SR 5279 .

(b) dying without male issue: dligid cach gūbrethach garsécli ┐ d.¤ , ZCP xi 84 § 34h . leth norba an athar dia íngin iar nd.¤ , Laws iv 46.20 . dibath .i. adhbul-bás .i. iarsinní na facuib nech dia éis, H 3.18, 68 col. 3 (quoted Corm. Tr. p. 61 ). ? As pred. Síl mBarrfhind is d.¤ , Rawl. 129a11 ; cf. LL 339b3 (= 2 díbaid below?).

(c) Hence in wider sense becoming extinct, death, extinction: fo dibath .i. maith a epiltiu, ACC 31 (RC xx). doiligh díobhadh na géige sorrowful is the extinction of the branch (of a family), Keat. Poems 1097 . mac iar d.¤ a athar, Rawl. 13a8 . dibad ro dibastar in maithir the mother has died, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 139.6 . iar ndibud na híngine, Laws iv 40.23 . d.¤ a uilc, RC xxxvii 349 § 80 . tuc dilgudh damh ria ndibhud iter daoinibh, § 85 . diobhadh .i. bás, O'Cl. d.¤ ar búaib bái ria lind, Metr. Dinds. iii 42 . is airi adberthai Breasal Bodibad ris .i. d.¤ ar buaib bai na remis, Lec. 587b23 . See bó-díbad. bech-díbaid mortality of bees , AU 950 .

II Property of a deceased person; inheritance, legacy (see Laws Gl. and Stud. in E. Ir. Law 181 ): is amlaid raindfidir cach d.¤ co brath .i. trian don eclais ┐ trian don fhlaith ┐ trian don fhine, YBL 123a21 . cinnas no roinnfitis chrao ┐ d.¤ . . . roinn crói ┐ dībaid, Ériu i 214 . nocha beir ind fingalach d.¤ , 126 . roinn fodeiligtir in d.¤ itir na teora fine, Laws iv 42.13 . trian dibaid ┐ ceandathe na marb, iii 28.z . is rig ┐ eclas ┐ fine a neiric ┐ a nd.¤ (of lunatics united in wedlock) their eric and effects go to the king . . ., ii 406 . ferann dibaid, O'D. 2405 ( Rawl. B 506, 51b ). tir dibaid inherited land , Cóic Con. 42 § 65 . ate rogabsat d.¤ a nErna Muman, Ériu vi 137.98 . ba dibad for dubach it was (leaving) an inheritance to a glum man, MacCongl. 71.24 . ic roind in fhuidb ┐ in díbaid Persecda, Alex. 377 . Hence in general sense assets: ní rir macc Dē ar d.¤ (.i. ar indbas), Hy. v 6 . nī chiūir ní cossēna ind nóeb d.¤ bethad cé (.i. indbas), 22 . ` land, immovable property, a legacy ', O'Don. Suppl. ? Cf. an tres gan diobhaidh abb Comhghaill (`without reproach'), AFM ii 962.13 .

III As n.pr. m. gen. tri meic Dibaid meic Doirci, Dinds. § 18 (RC xv). Carmun ben maic Díbaid déin, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.25 .

? Compd. ¤chéimm death-step: fri cach n-anmain ... dia roir Día a dibadceim isind adbai n-iffernaidi, Ériu ii 142 § 158 , but read dibad ceim 'to every ... soul to whom God has given destruction - (that is) going into the infernal habitation', TBith.² 225 § 103 .

doichme

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doichme or dil.ie/17793

 

adj (cuma?) ill-formed: d.¤ .i. dochumtha, O'Cl. ate doichmi doill, ni ḟuil nach ṅdeilb ṅduini . . . foraib, RC xxii 396.7 .

donaidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. donaidm or dil.ie/18174

 

n (naidm) bad contract: atait tri dond nadm naiscaidter la feine diceanglad a feicheamna, Laws iv 60.9 . ate donadmand innso diceanglad a feicheamna, 14 . Comm. takes as compd. of 3 donn ( secret theft ).

dreol(l)án

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dreol(l)án or dil.ie/18668

 

Forms: dreoillén, dreolan, dreólan, dreoilín

n Also dreoillén (cf. dreän) wren: dreolan gl. aurigola (= avis regulus?), Ir. Gl. 207 . a dreolláin cusin eirr máil, SG 57.9 . dreólan, Anecd. ii 26 § 9 . mo dreóllán rocaith mo chat my cat ate my wren, v 10 . tri peta .i. cat ┐ d.¤ ┐ cuil, BCC § 118 . aisseg an dreolláin do faghail on chat, ib. re folúamain an dreolláin, BS 132.25 . do uidib dreollain, Laws v 276.8 Comm. urduil ind éin dein dasachtaigh risi raiter dreollán, ZCP vi 284.22 . romarb in dreollen (dreoan, v.l.) in cuil, Moling § 75 . d.¤ teasbuidh `a grasshopper ', Eg. Gl. 234 . tug Sé a mbiseach don d.¤ teasbuidh ┐ a saothar don locuist, Psalms lxxviii 46 . Mod. dreoilín.

2 é, hé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 é, hé or dil.ie/19326

 

Forms: hǽ

pron. 3 pl. all genders. Dies out very soon after the O.Ir. period, being replaced by iat (eat) q.v. It is found only in conjunction with the copula; the usage is the same as that for 1 é I—IV.

Exx. Glosses: it hǽ , Ml. 24a11 . it hé dano inna tegdaissi hisin, 65c13 . sechit hǽ, 102a2 . sechitat hé 49a19 , cf. BCr. 35d5 . nitat pecthi collnidi híccatar and indechtso cebtar hé riam, Wb. 4a8 . citne (gl. quae) Ml. 16b13 . ithé se inna briathra, Sg. 4b12 . it hesidi torud bete .i. it hé torud arabéithfetsom...fis forcell ┐ dliged rechto nDǽ, Ml. 46c8 . it hé in toirthi...inna hí adfiadatar 46c14 . it hé a timnae [a]di namma rusarigestar, 71b14 .

Mid.-Ir. MSS.: it e sin tra anmanda na da cenel sechtmogat, Auraic. 227 . it e a n-anmanda foratait feadha, 243 . it e andseo a n-anmand, 244 . it e seo, TBC-I¹ 1652 . masat hé, 776 . ite secht mbeocaindle andso forosnad gae, Laws iv 52.9 . ate , TBC-I¹ 626 . citné, PH p. 585b (cf. citni rīg, SR 2347 ). it é dogénat in mbrú | síl mBuinne, Metr. Dinds. iv 308 . With dual: it e in dana fidh duformaighet, Auraic. 259 .

With ot (pl. of os(s)), it, at: othe marbdai, Ml. 130a3 . ot é, Sg. 77a8 . oté ferrnaidi, TBC-I¹ 2809 . da each...ité scuablebra, 3390 . caindelbrai it é delbdai, SR 4368 . bera culind at é fuachda, TBC-LL¹ 1944 .

With suffix: hesseom, TBC-I¹ 497 YBL (heseom LU). airit hesidi ata eclais, Ml. 65d19 . Acr. 7a1 .: it he sidi dugaithatar, Ml. 31 c8 . hit eiside, Laws iv 206.15 . it heiside, TBC-I¹ 244 . indad eiside asberad... ?, 624 . cit n-eisidi ?, BDD 62 YBL.

éccoimtig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccoimtig or dil.ie/19431

 

adj i (neg. of coimtig) unusual, unwonted ; unlikely : ecoimdigi .i. nemgnathach no anminic, H 3.18, p. 529 . écoimtig (gl. inusitatum) Sg. 138a13 . ainm n-eccomtigh a rare noun Hib. Min. 13.439 . dusn-ainicc gach maith etir biad ocus (sic) cuimtig ocus eccuimdig, IT i 137.27 . pl. conacae eonu findbreca mora and ecomdighe (até écomtighe v.l.) ar met ┐ dath, BDD 13 . In Laws applied technically to a place where lost property is unlikely to be accidentally found (see Ériu ix 35 ) : is ed is ecoimdi, cach inadh i nā aithighit acht longa a n-aenur the `unlikely' part (of a strand) is every place which is frequented by ships alone Laws v 324.24 Comm. issed is eccoimdi don tigh, a cuile ┐ a corrogi no a cula ┐ a leptha ┐ a hachlasga ┐ a inada dorcha, 326.14 Comm. issed is eccoimdigh indti, a cula ┐ a garrda ┐ a inada diamra (of a `cathir' or religious settlement) 326.31 Comm. mad eccoimdigh, mad coimdig 320.17 . eccoimded, 320.12 . fo aicned coimded no eccoimded, iii 320.19 . ecomme, ii 128.28 Comm.

1 éim, ém

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 éim, ém or dil.ie/19799
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ǽm, æm

in Glosses also ǽm, æm. Apparently a by-form of 1 ám (q.v.) of which it is often a variant reading. Used as a particle of asseveration or affirmation, usually emphasising the word or clause which it follows, but often merely expletive ; truly, indeed, in sooth, then .

I In direct speech

(a) in introducing a direct statement without reference to a foregoing one : ? eimi .i. ab emind .i. interiectio crepantis éim ‘indeed!’, from emind, i.e. an interjection of clattering O'Mulc. § 394 . a fortéitsi ǽm (gl. adiuvantibus et vobis...donationis 2 Cor. i 11 ) Wb. 14c3 . is messi ém, ol M., dorat fo menmain Aililla do seirc-siu IT i 127.31 . nir bo chucumsa ém, or sé, robo chóir dál inna caurath sin do thabairt, FB 56 . fochen om eim IT i 144.16 = fo cean ám dhuit, ZCP v 501.25 . maith ém a Ultu, bar C., in fagaimse acaib nech etc., , well then CRR § 26 . is demin em nach eiberind gai it is certain, surely YBL 62b14 ( = am, 284b16 ). ML 78.10 . a uasail, ol se, da festasu eim, ni suaill etc., , if thou but knewest CCath. 4517 . is do émh, ar sé, dodechadhsa chucutsa, do innisin duit, etc., TTr.² 82 .

(b) in response to a question, appeal, or command : citné briathra robatar? it hǽ æm inso .i. quando , etc. Ml. 61b7 . inn é Cormac sút? is é ón ém, TBC-LL¹ 185 . cid dogena ... ? ol C. dogénsa ém, ol B., imcossáit na ríg, FB 6 . nad fuarais aile? ar M. fuar-sa ém gilla, TBC-LL¹ 1741 . cia cuntabairt ro boi aige...? robo doig em leis curba duine namá PH 4784 . cia airm ita Ibar? sund ém, TBC-LL¹ 1125 . ate œm ní fercaigedar (gl. numquid irascitur?) Ml. 24b18 . cia tintud forata na psalmu...? tintud septin eim is he fil forna psalmaib, Hib. Min. 10.333 . a treidhe arrecar do cach hsairsi...ind airecar dont sairsisea..arecar eim, 3.91 . ZCP v 501.32 . IT i 144.20 . in cenel no in gne in etargoiri? is cenel eim, uair dianairmidi a gnei, Auraic. 894.14 (emh). 859 (emh). do iarraid ṡocraide chucatsa dodechadhsa [ar T.]... Cía no techtaindse éimh, ar P., firu in talman...dus-berainnse uile letsu, TTr.² 105 . maith a ingen, ar se,...in limsa doraga? dar ar mbrethir ém, ol sí, fil uaib, etc. IT i 226.9 . cuire samla fair, ol M., a crúth, ...dath a ech...atchíu-sa ém, ol F., na dá ech, etc. FB 44 - 45 . ind ēlife lim-so? ni ēlub ēm, ZCP iv 38.10 .

(c) in responding to or commenting on a statement (not a direct question) : duaircibed ǽm, Ml. 29c11 . (haec requies mea :) bid fír æm olsesom is sunt bia-sa i n-eilithri co llae messa, 137b7 . ra ǽra Dia duún ǽm (gl. dirigat viam nostram ad vos) Wb. 25a31 . ammi fáilti ǽm calléic in tribulationibus (gl. quasi tristes, semper autem gaudentes) 16a6 . Cf. eius femininum (atá ém) eadem, neutrum (ata dano ) Sg. 201a8 , 9 . ní ragam, ol seat...bid messu dúib ém, ol se, a ndogen-sa céin co tisaid lim, FB 6 . a cláin trúaig [or Laeg] rosíachtatar Ulaid Crúachain o chíanaib. nír rathaigsem eter ém, a Láig, 43 . nir bo chucumsa ém [or A.], robo chóir dál inna caurath...ní bá nech bas ferr nodgléfe ém [or S.] atai-siu, 56 . Negation : co n-epertis ón nadmbu choir...ní ed æm insin dorigensat that they should say it was not right...that however is not what they have done Ml. 136b4 .

After noch : isindí nachimrindarpaise noch ǽm am ísrahélde, Wb. 5a18 .

II In indirect speech or narrative

(a) with reference to a preceding statement, expressing assent or confirmation or negation : nathó, for C., am scith aithbristi indiu...ba fír ém dosom ani sin he spoke indeed the truth FB 31 . atberimse frib, ar Ísu, is oen uaib nomomairnfese. oen em he o áirim ┐ nirbo oen o airilliud one, indeed, in number, PH 5112 .

(b) in introducing a clause expanding or developing a preliminary general statement : sochaidi trá do nǽbaib... dia rofaillsigtheá rúine flatha nimi fón cumma sin...Rofoillsiged ém do Phetar apstal ind long, etc. FA 2 (LU). tinoilit i n-aigid F. Ba maith em in ti cusa tancus annsin .i. F., RC xxiv 184.4 . in Bethil...cathair sin in rig Dauida, in rotusmed Ísu Crist...cubaid ém, ce mad isin cathraig rigdai no genfed mac in ríg 'twas fitting indeed PH 6940 . atat noi ngraid for ainglib nime...saraphin em is e in cetna grad, 6234 .

(c) often as a mere particle of transition in adding a fresh statement almost = further, moreover : ro tarrngired o fháthib, roterchan ém Dauid, PH 5533 . édpraid dī túis don choimdid intí...édpraid em in morail...intí... he offers incense who...and he offers myrrh who... 7109 . fedhair eim banindsge for ferindsge intan isberar `is i in gobur', Auraic. 3167 ( = fedair dno, 537 .) feadair em ferinsce, etc. 530 . 3161 (eim).

féig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féig or dil.ie/21474
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj i (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 490 ), in orig. sense used apparently of vision and of things visible.

(a) of sight, seeing, keen-sighted: corop féig rosc for n-anma (gl. illuminatos oculos cordis vestri) Wb. 21a9 . nephsuilig .i. neph-fegi (gl. minus oculati) Ml. 42d8 . `feigh' fairgsionach, Metr. Gl., D 37 . feig .i. qui figit visum in creaturis , O'Mulc. 503 . ni cuitbe ... dall ciarba ḟ.¤ `though you are keen-sighted' Tec. Corm. § 12.7 . Possibly also (of evil eye) penetrating Celtica xxiv 16 .

(b) of objects of sight, clear, luminous: escra f.¤ finnargait, TFerbe 198 . a thir ... fénach f.¤ ` lucent ' Metr. Dinds. ii 10 = LU 4123 (possibly a vb. here; see fégaid).

(c) of sounds shrill, piercing: osnada fégi, Fél., Ep. 326 . cuislenna féighe forbartacha, Acall. 7056 .

(d) of weapons, etc. keen, sharp: féigh .i. gér, O'Cl. (but see below, Adv.) faga féig fobartach, LU 6562 . TBC-I¹ 2047. 3249 . faga feig fobarta, TBC-LL¹ 2738. 5313 . rop scíath fri foébra fégi, Hy v 97 . saigti fegi, Cog. 158.16 . i suaineamnaiph a fogad feig, CCath. 5552 .

(e) of animals: dá ech ... até ... fégi, LU 9259 . tri .lll. gabur ... itté ... fegi, 6911 ( BDD 51 ).

(f) fig. of mental and moral qualities, etc., keen, penetrating, acute: (prohibited to a breithem :) gen beith féigh fethamail ..., Irish Texts iv 26z . bad léir, bad f.¤ a chubus, Ériu iii 96 § 1 (with gl. .i. grinn, p. 110 ). scel feigh forsgaithi ingenious (?) Anecd. ii 42.12 . frecmharc ḟéigh ḟéthamhail, Ériu xiii 25.8 . lucht na foghluma feighi (: grēne), Lism. L. 4562 . keen, stringent: fuigli féigi ... filed, MR 194.2 . smacht f.¤ , Ériu iv 94 § 11 . Rechtaid rochaith fichit f.¤ LL 128b26 (`spent twenty vigilant [years]' MacCarthy 184.2 (or is it a vb. here ? See fégaid). Intense, sharp, passing into sense of fierce: féigh .i. amnas no feochuir, O'Dav. 886 . ba feig ┐ ba forgranda in feghad dobert cach for a ceile dib IT i 273 ( FB 40 , Eg.). dorat comrac féig fichda dó, TFerbe 231 . ro cuirestair comlond feig feochair, Cog. 194y . forccomh feigh fíoramhnus do phíce, AFM vi 2114x . Of persons: atconnarc ... budin fég fírālaind, LL 267b42 ( MU² 761 ). foglaid f.¤ , Fél.² lxxxix. 33 . áes feig forúallach, TBC-I¹ 1658 . AFM v 1850.1 . míairle ind óesa feigh foruallaigh, Hugh Roe 248y (f. 66b) . Cf. bethi uli fri fessa feig | hirrichtain lessa Ioseiph, SR 3083 . As sobriquet: file ..., Foachtach fégh a ainm, Ériu xiii 46.15 (= Feigh, ZCP vii 300 ). (Adv.) fegsat filid Fail ... | fenchas co feigh, Laws i 32x . rosfreacair go feigh (.i. co ger), Leb. Gab.(i) i 44 (this may be the source of O'Cl., cited under d, above). manip co feigh fessara | cisa ... unless he know distinctly ZCP iv 237.12 = Leb. Cert. 236.4 . innisit ... co féicch ` distinctly ' AFM ii 962.8 . labhraidh go fēigh, L. Cl. A. B. 269.46 . co fergach fegh, Aen. 914 . Superl.: cia fegam ranac, YBL 411c25 (= féighe, Tec. Corm. vi ).

Compds. with adj.: ¤buide: urla fegbuide bright yellow TBC-LL¹ 1375 . ¤seng keen and graceful: sluag féig-ṡeng Fáil LL 142b15 . fer ... feigseng (: Érenn), Leb. Gab.(i) i 94.3 (= feígṡeng, LL 6b39 . feidhṡeang, BB 28a53 . With subst.: ¤bríathar: feighbriathra fithnaise, Anecd. ii 65.13 . ¤forcsiu scrutinizing: co ndechaid ... dia fegforcsin, RC xxiv 274 § 5 = dia fegfegsin, BB 258a26 . ¤fuil (?): frossa fégfola, SR 8034 .

ferán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferán or dil.ie/21684
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. (dim. of 1 fer) a little man, a mannikin: gl. masculus Sg. 46a1 . cech deidbli ... is —ān no —ēne dofuarusccuib, ut est ferān, Corm. Y 1301 . in ferán doid a mbec sechom-sa ... no-íssad a mmór 'the small (petty ?) man who ate the little on me ... would eat the much', Tall. Étair 49.189 . In the name of a bird , see eiden(n).

1 fír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fír or dil.ie/22171
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fira, fíri, fira, fír, ḟír, firithir, firium, fíream, fír, fir, fíre, brithemnachtae, fírmessa, fircarat, fír

I adj o-ā

(a) true, veracious , used as pred. with cop.; as attrib. usually in composition with noun, seldom following it. f.¤ ... a uero latine , Corm. Y 639 . gl. verus Ml. 24d16 . 60b11 . as f.¤ aní chanas, 24d14 . is fāss dúnni a pridchimme manid f.¤ , Wb. 13b14 . f.¤ inna rādisiu what thou sayest is true LU 8455 ( FB 31 ). dūs in f.¤ mar atbeire, SR 1268 . in fir a n-atfiadat?, CRR 29 . is f.¤, ol se, is e so Crist, PH 679 . ni f.¤ sin (contradicting a statement) 2715 . Absol. confirming a preceding fact or statement: f.¤, ar se, ingen fil and, LL 259b43 ( LMU 5 ). f.¤, ar in drai, RC xxiv 174.15 . f.¤ is munter Dé fogniat [sic leg.], Snedg. u. Mac R 9.21 = is derb, ar siad, is munter Dé, RC xxvi 136.27 . Adv.: co mbia co f.¤ esergi that there will truly be a resurrection PH 1074 . uere .i. co f.¤ , 7983 . atberim co fír fír frib ..., 5036 . go fíor, Duan. F. i 28.3 . pl. it na huili besgna ata fira , Thes. ii 7.26 . at fíra do briathra, PH 794 . IS F.¤he is right: olsodin nad f.¤ ndoib however in that they lie Ml. 16a10 . ba f.¤ ám do Ch. aní sin, TBC-LL¹ 5767 . 4692 . 5719 . fír dam, or A. ni fīr or L., LL 288b27 . ni f.¤ dún ar mbeith amlaid we err (in claiming) to be so PH 7945 . más f.¤ dhamhsa if I am not mistaken O'Dav. 1244 . IS F.¤ LIMM I deem it true, I believe: do retaib ata chosmaili fri f.¤ la doini ┐ bes ni bat fira la Dia, Ml. 51b8 . BID F.¤ it will prove true, come to pass: bid f.¤ a tairngire Wb. 2c19 . hóre bas f.¤ quod dicam , 17d20 . Cf. pret.: ba f.¤ son re cind in tres laí it came true ( happened ) LL 283a9 . Used idiomatically in assenting to a proposal or the reverse: cuir in da chend, a L., issin carpat ... Bid f.¤ for L. it shall be done LL 110b31 ( RC xiv 422 ). ní bá f.¤ sin that shall not be! LU 8199 ( FB 14 ). Mer. Uil. 46 . ni ba f.¤ ... Cet do rainn na mucce it shall not be that C. divide the pig ScM. 9 . ROP F.¤ may it come to pass Hy i 39 . corap f.¤ amal atrubrabar! PH 2774 . amen .i. rop f.¤ so be it 7981 . MAS Ḟ. (in later poetry) if it is true = `according to statement', `it is said': an séad, a Dhé, ina mbia ar mbríogh | más fíor is é bhus dia dhúnn, Dán Dé xxiii 11 . éantoirrcheas, más ḟíor, iaidséin, TD 26.7 . ionann ḟáisdine, más ḟíor, do mhac is d'adhbhar airdríogh, 21.31 . más ḟíor dá lán according to many 28.40 . fír dhe (cheville), Duan. F. 25.4 ; ii 68.10 . As attrib.: breth f.¤ , SR 3321 . dar mo bréthir ḟ.¤ , IT i 122.1 . g s. f. inna Trínóite fíri (fire v.l.), Hy ii 42 . Cf. foxal fainne fíre SR 3594 (but see fíre). pl. bretha fira , Ml. 89b14 . teora coibsen fira, IT iii 197.24 . tri bliadhna fira .xx. `righteous' (?) BB 50a24 ( MacCarthy 414 ). sgéla fíora, Duan. F. ii 2.3 . d s. as adv.: ind fír (gl. amen) Wb. 14c32 . ind ḟír (gl. vero) Sg. 106a5 . Equat. firithir lebor as true as LL 43b23 . Compar. ataa ani as firiu oldas a ndeda sa, Hib. Min. 10.348 . is firu damsa! ní firiu duidsiu! I am right! you are wrong! Ériu viii 157.15 . atberait aroli comboi ... ┐ is fíre són, LB 148a10 . superl. firium, Laws i 106.1 (?). fíremh, Ériu xiii 17.30 . Cf. fíream, Laws iv 34.1 .

(b) genuine: pleurisis fhíre ┐ pleurisis nach fír true pleurisy and spurious O'Gr. Cat. 188 § 45 .

II subst. n. later m. g s. cosmailius fír , Ml. 55d25 . arach fir , Cóic Con. 17.1 (other exx. below); later fíra, fíre.

(a) what is true; truth, right: gáo et f.¤ , Wb. 14c22 . f.¤ n-uile sicut dixi (gl. veritas facta est) 16b22 . f.¤ neich, 30d14 (= iustitia). fer nolabrad f.¤ ┐ no chairiged gó, PH 825 . tan renas ... a ḟir for in gae when he barters truth for falsehood (i.e. right for wrong, of a king) ACL iii 315.6 . f.¤ n-aignaid ┐ screbtra truth natural and revealed Laws v 430.23 . Ailbhe co ffīor `A. the truthful' Duan. F. i 6.3 . With poss. pron.: abbair a ḟ.¤ frind, LU 4544 . ráid a fh.¤ dūn tell us the truth about it PH 1063 . is é a ḟíor this is the truth of it Ir. Monthly 1928, 549 . isé a ḟíor is ní brēcc dhamh, ZCP viii 225.3 . sinagoga ... congregatio ... ed a f.¤ isin laitin `c.' is the right word for it in Latin 113 § 4 . ce raib se ina fh.¤ though it be true PH 7324 . In asseveration or adjuration: dar f.¤ ar cubais, TBC-LL¹ 110 . ar f.¤ do gascid, 4663 . for f.¤ do ḟlatha, LL 251a48 ( TBFr. § 23 ). for f.¤ th'ainich ┐ t'anma, LL 251b1 (ib.). Concrete: co n-indistar fir cacha ceatramhan until a truth (true story) be told for every quarter IT iii 196 § 40 . IAR F.¤ according to truth, really, actually: delb nad bí iar f.¤ (gl. imaginis) Ml. 91d1 . túarascbail ... inna n-airecht sin amal itát iar f.¤ as they are in reality LU 1997 ( FA 6 ). is iat sin na fírUlaid iar f.¤ , ZCP viii 326.9 . na hIúdaide cristaide ... na hIúdaide iar ḟír, LB 158b19 . isat cara iar ndreich ... cen cop ed iar f.¤ , PH 3100 . Cf. iar fíraib truly, really (?) LL 5b49 . tría fhíribh, Duan. F. i 88.13 (: ríghe).

(b) a pledge, guarantee: dobretha f.¤ fris .i. f.¤ ciche ┐ gruaide, nime ┐ talman, grēine ┐ ēsca, etc. Rawl. 132a31 ( Ériu xi 95 ). ro lasett each an ríg ... for f.¤ comairci Colmáin, BColm. 90.6 . adguiter f.¤ hOengasa [leg. nOen.] ... fris ┐ fir flatha na nDéisi, Ériu iii 140.170 . cf. la fior flatha frisa ngaibther, Ériu xiii 31.3 . da fir dhec flatha, below, end of (c). cach fír dar ná tecar slán `every pledge that is not transgressed with safety' Metr. Dinds. iii 6.65 . Cf. ferr fir fonaidm .i. na trebaire a pledge is better than a bond O'Curry 1756 ( 23 Q 6, 34b ) = O'Curry 511 (t. cen folad) (< H 3.18, 259 ).

(c) an attestation; a proof, test, ordeal: technical term in Law, one of the five `conara fugill' or recognized methods of procedure in pleading, see Cóic Con. p. 8 , 17ff . Here perh. i mmes fíra, Ml. 26c12 (see fíre). is ed so acarar [sic leg.] forin conair fugill is fir: cinta comraitti ┐ anfoit lanḟiachaig ┐ cach cin imna dir logad no trocaire, Cóic Con. 17 § 5 . uide īce in fira .i. in fir lai ┐ in fir Dé ┐ in fir cuir ┐ cunnartha ... in leth-fir testa ... in lan-fir teasta, O'Curry 333 (< H 3.18, 183 ). Cf. Cóic Con. 67 . mac mná dobheir fior i logh a ruice, Ériu xiii 31.28 . f.¤ nDé a religious ordeal or attestation: in inbaidh aititnither ... is fir nDé uadh ...; muna aititnighe ... is arra cuir ..., O'Curry 2003 Comm. (< H 4.22, 30 ). comadh ann robeth in fir dé so lais iar nemfadbail fire daoine, Laws iv 294.7 Comm. co dtisadh a bfir do cach iar bfir De (.i. na eclaise) ┐ duine (.i. na tuaithi), O'Curry 1607 (< 23 Q 6, 5a ). lia do fír fri ... aiṅcessa māra (.i. fris inni is anfis do neoch forna fagabthar breth acht fir ṅDe) thou shalt follow (the way of) ordeal in cases of, etc., Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . 37 § 50 . is cranncur fíre De docurethur ru, O'D. 900 . (< H 3.17 c. 644 ). f.¤ testa compurgation: O'Curry 2591 (< Eg. 88, 50b ), see Cóic Con. 67 . lucht fira compurgators: Cóic Con. 32 § 29 . in t-espuc, is greim cuicir gobas a lucht fira a leith re dainib ele, ┐ ni gabann acht greim aengraidh i leith ris fein, O'Curry 1058 (< H 3.18, 438a_b ). f.¤ dochum reilgi an attestation made in a churchyard Cóic Con. 64 § 14 . Ériu ix 114 . f.¤ n-airisme fri haltoir the test of standing at the altar Laws v 470.34 (see IT iii 192 ). f.¤ caire no crannchuir ordeal of the cauldron or of lot Laws iv 294.3 Comm. coiri fír .i. lestur ... fri dealochadh firindi ┐ góa, IT iii 191 § 21 . crand fīr `test-tree,' tree of ordeal Laws iv 146.27 ; a name for the aspen , Auraic. 1195 . tal no slisean seancraind, leasdar Baduirnd, trelia mothar no fir n-airisme fri haltoir, no fir fogearrta no comperta naime: ate ind sin fira ro suidistar Padraic do gleod fer nErend, Laws v 470 (see IT iii 188 , where three of these are included in the da fir dhec flatha `the twelve ordeals').

(d) right, due: ara tisad a f.¤ cach that everyone might `attain to his right' Laws i 152.1 . oc tacra a ḟír `arguing his right' Trip. 128.3 . is im fir ban ciato-imargaet roe `about the true right of women' [ = for a case (i.e. dispute) of women ?] Laws i 150.13 . Cf. fria hiomasdad a ffíor fri breith, Ériu xiii 34.7 (perh. belonging to c).

(e) various phrases: F.¤ CATHA `truth of battle,' a just cause in fight: risnā ragbad ríam ... f.¤c. nā fornirt [leg. fornert ?] comlaind, TBC-LL¹ 5083 (perhaps against whom neither equal nor superior numbers ever prevailed). co nā gabdais f.¤ c. fria n-athair that they might not have right on their side in opposing their father (of the three Finn Emna) Dinds. 140 , corresp. to: cumbad olc a f.¤ c. i n-agaid a n-ardḟlatha, Metr. Dinds. iv 44z . ba fearr a f.¤c. ┐ comlaind sin im a nduthaigh [sic leg.) ... innas im an ferand forgabala, Cog. 70.6 . táinig re síol bhflatha Fáil | gan ḟíor gcatha do chongbháil it turned out ill for ... that they had not right on their side TD 18.28 . éirghidh ar Ulltaibh, óir atá fíor gcatha agaibh chuca, Keat. ii 5643 . feirrde m'fhior chatha sa sin my cause of quarrel is the juster Content. xiv 4 . tré neimhḟíor gcatha in an unjust cause viii 24 . F.¤ FER fair play (in combat), single combat: acht cor damthar fir fer dam, ol se, atbér. is cóir f.¤ f. do chomollod ... ar ní f.¤ f. do slúag mór muinterda brisiud for óenfer, LU 9213 ( FB 94 ). nosgeodainseom huile ... uair rombrisiset fir fer fair, TBC-I¹ 809 (= LU 5284 ). rop áil damsa or L. conumrabad fir fer úaitsiu. cidón? or C. connachamthised úait acht oenlám. ar ni ḟil acht oenlám lim, LL 122b5 ( RC iii 184 ). ni damar f.¤ f. dam na comlond, TBC-LL¹ 4706 . ní rodamhadh f.¤ fer ná comhlann fo coimhlíon dóibh acht ro chinn an t-iolar ar uathadh, AFM iv 996.14 . is and sin conbocht f.¤ f. fairseom ... día lotar in cóicfer cucaiseom, LU 6240 . dogniat aní sein ┐ dobreth a f.¤ f. fris, Ériu iii 137.50 (but Rawl. B 502, 132a31 has here: dobretha fir fris .i. fir ciche ┐ gruaide, etc., cited above under b). fior fer frisa ngaibhther, Ériu xiii 34.10 . Cf. muirbhfit ... iat i bhfir aeinḟir, RC xliii 24.9 . F.¤ FÉNE the truth (justice) of the F., itbath fir Fene, Laws i 150.17 . adbath fir Feiniu manipad cuicthi, 250y . F.¤ FLATHA the word of a prince; justice of a ruler: ní fíor flathu deit, a rí ..., a n-udbere thy sentence is unworthy of a just ruler RC xii 64.26 . co comet fir flatha .i. mess cacha bliadne, etc. (effects of just rule) xvi 280.7 . is tre ḟ.¤ flathemon cach recht rán ... cach tír toirthech, ZCP xi 81 §§ 12.14 . tré ḟíor ḟlatha ... tig ... iasg i n-inbhear, Content. vi 67 . asbertatar U. a mmarbad. ni thó, ar sisi, ar is coll fír f.¤ damsa the U. said that they should be killed. Nay, said she, for that is a violation of a prince's truth on my part RC xvi 281. 2 . F.¤ NGASCID fair fighting: ní f.¤ ṅg. ... comrac frimsa co n-oenláim, LL 116b39 ( RC viii 58 ). Cf. ní fír laechdachta dó tuidecht ar mo chendsa LU 6014 .

Compds.

A With subst. common as adj. prefix in sense

(a) veracious, true, just: ¤brithem a just judge Ml. 27c1 . dond ¤brithemain, 26c11 (gl. cognitori) Wb. 8d25 . ¤brithemnacht a just judgment: g s. ¤brithemnachtae (opp. to gūbrithemnacht) Ml. 103c2 . ¤breth id.: pl. -a, SR 8325 . ¤dliged just, true rule: fili ... nach oide fīrdhlighidh ZCP viii 208.22 . ¤dul: iar f. (: dīlgud) according to right procedure, as is meet SR 1607 . ¤mess true, righteous judgment: ind fírmessa (gl. aequitatis) Ml. 103d1 . ¤mod: fīrmod sōn, Corm. Y § 149 . firmodh son, YBL 245 a 54 (Immacallam In Dá Thúarad) , ZCP xxi 325 . ¤scél true account: ni innisim acht f., Acall. 1428 . Less freq. in later texts; cf. fírferg: rinn ar bhḟírḟeirge ` just wrath ' TD 3.12 .

(b) veritable, genuine, real (very common; cf. older Engl. use of very < Fr. vrai): ¤dia: conapad f. mac that the Son should not be very God Ml. 21c12 . Wb. 2d8 . fíordia ... fíordhuine very God ... very man ZCP viii 199.22 (but: in fírdía the true God , opp. to dee ` heathen gods ' PH 433 , 2347 ). ¤duine: ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona acht is for corthe cloche, Thes. ii 343y (Comm. on Hy v 66 ). amal fírdhuine like a veritable human being PH 5642 . ¤aingel: messimir inna fíraingliu `the very angels' Wb. 9c10 . ¤mac: f. aicnid ní a uccu `a very son of nature, not from adoption' 32b6 . conid f. Dé Ísu Crist, PH 2179 . ¤chlann: Eua ..., fotha febda fírclainne of genuine offspring (?) SR 1064 . ¤chorp: is a ḟirchurp a doenachta atracht Crist a bás the real body of His humanity PH 6743 . Cf. further: am fírisrahelte a true Israelite Wb. 23d30 . is iat sin na fírUlaid the genuine Ultonians Rawl. 156b46 , ZCP viii 326.9 . frisna ¤adnacla (gl. non in domibus sed in sepulcris) Ml. 83d3 . is ¤briathar Dé (gl. non ut verbum hominum sed ... verbum Dei) Wb. 24d22 . fíor-fhraochdacht genuine fury (= asperitatem veram) TSh. 8130 . in ¤gním the real action Sg. 139a3 . inna ¤neuturáldi the true neuters 140a6 . ¤chara a genuine friend: g p. na fircarat , CCath. 5562 . cf. fiórnámha `a veritable foe ' TD 13.8 . ¤chlérech a true cleric: las na firclerchiu, Mon. Tall. § 13 . ¤dia the real God PH 433 (see above). ¤flaith a true, rightful prince: issin t[ṡ]ossud na fírflatha, LU 10752 ( TE 11 ). cosin f. (i.e. God) SR 1812 . ¤ true King: isé in fír-rig (of God) PH 1808 . Passing into sense of exact: ¤chenn sróna the very tip ZCP iii 34.19 . co firc[h]leit[h]i sleibi Olimp the very summit CCath. 5629 . i ¤dorus Chilli M. right in front of Trip. 136.16 . gáeth ... ina ¤ētan right in their faces LU 2184 ( FA 26 ). hi firmedón na cuardae the very centre BDD 72 . ¤mhullach Sléibi Smóil the very top Acall. 3925 . i ffiorthaobh ratha Oiligh the very side of the fort Leb. Gab.(i) i. 180.18 (cf. a dorus assa firthoeb (of the Ark) SR 2468 , where pref. seems otiose). 'na firiarthur right at the west end SR 4256 . ¤iarthar in betha, TTr.² 40 . frisin n-eclais a ¤thuaid due north of the church SR 4440 . i ¤ichtur inn aigeoin the very bottom CCath. 1386 . (hence adj. ¤íchtarach: superl. don chuid is fíríochtaruidh don bholg the innermost parts Proverbs xxvi 22 ). for a fir-uachtur on its very top SR 4332 . i ffíorthosach na bliadhna, AFM vi 2096.4 . ó fhíorthús na n-aimsear from earliest times TSh. 2917 . Very common with abstracts = true, genuine or merely intens. downright, sheer: ¤aicned: bretha firaicnid `judgements of true nature' Laws i 16.10 . a fīraicned screptra ┐ chuibsi, Ériu i 214.6 . ¤athrige genuine repentance PH 2241 . ¤chaín true smoothness; gentleness , in phr. f.¤ fáilte a hearty welcome: IT i 120.32 . Acall. 5830 . Ériu iii 164.11 ; xi 195.35 . ZCP vi 31.15 . ¤deacht true Godhead Hy ii 42 . ¤déirc true charity: tobar ¤deirce, ZCP viii 199.21 . ¤féchain scrutinizing: aca firechain cona dligthech, etc. looking to see that it is lawfully ... Laws iv 20.27 Comm. , cf. aca ¤dechsain, 22.29 , ZCP viii 205.33 . ¤grád true love: idir an bhfíor-ghrádh ... ┐ an grádh tacair, TSh. 8953 . ¤ítu intense thirst: follscadh firiotan, Leb. Gab.(i) i 28.2 . ¤less real profit SR 322 . ¤róen a downright defeat SR 5092 . ¤thnúth ` deep envy ' Ériu iv 92 § 5 . Oft. apparently otiose and freq. used for sake of alliteration: togha fírbhech ár bfoghluim `of most genuine bees' O'Gr. Cat. 475.22 . ar a fad nó ar a ¤leithett, AFM vi 2082.1 . agá fforach ┐ acca ffírlenmhain, 2318.1 . cossmhailes foichedh -bheach, 2224.3 . an faircle ¤leac fionnaolta na feineistre [sic leg.], Hugh Roe 288.27 (f. 76a) . ag déanamh fíorluit is foghla, Keat. ii 3262 .

(c) forming real compds. in which the meaning of subst. is modified: f.¤chruithnecht selected (?) wheat LU 8121 . ¤íasc salmon: cora ḟiresc `a salmon-weir ' RC xxvi 136.23 . bratan fireisc, Lism. L. viii 18 . lethar fírésc `salmon skin' MacCongl. 89.9 = cris d'iucraibh fīréisc, 122.35 (see also u. -uisce). ¤lemnacht fresh milk LU 8120 ( FB 9 ). Acall. 829 . ¤thipra a spring LL 30a1 . ¤uisce fresh water (opp. to brine), spring water ZCP v 24.2 . CCath. 1742 . BColm. 52.11 . Fl. Earls 90.20 . Études Celt. i 86.16 . Proverbs xviii 4 . eisg firuisgi fresh-water fish Rosa Angl. 40z .

B With adj. as advbl. pref. in sense truly, genuinely, downright or merely intens. ¤amnas very keen SR 1830 . ¤cruind perfectly round 36 . ¤derb quite certain Wb. 12c12 . ¤doim ` really poor ' Mon. Tall. 46 . ¤éolach ` truly learned ' Ériu iv 144.8 . Oft. merely for alliteration (cf. A, b above); faideran ¤gorm, Acall. 367 . fomor ¤grán[d]a, 1884 . féige finn ¤ṡolus, LL 385c23 . In such adjs. as fírbrethach just in judgment ( Ériu i 122.9 . ZCP xi 96 § 55 . Cáin Ad. 21 ), ¤epertach truth-speaking ( PH 6499 . RC xxv 396.16 ), fír belongs to the noun fr. which the adj. is formed. ¤ferr truly the best: an agh dob fhírfhearr dar n-ealbhaidh, PBocht 4.9 . C With vb. (chiefly in poetry), intens. or merely otiose (met. gr.): rofirchrap, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 69 = IT iii 99 § 164 . ga file nach fiorchuala?, Top. Poems 24.12 ( Top. Poems² 224 ). cía lia fer le fír-gairthir `is rightly called' Metr. Dinds. iii 60 . fíreba[i]r (: fīnemain) will be quaffed (ibid.) ACL iii 238.23 . fírníamhfuid will purify Ezekiel xliii 26 . fírfoscaigfider, Rawl. 111b15 (gl. on: forbuascaigfider). mōr fiad resa fīrtheichet from which they flee in earnest Ériu vii 4.15 . ro fíorthiorchanadh lá fáidhibh was foretold truly AFM vi 2298.8 .

follscaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. follscaide or dil.ie/23137

 

adj io-iā (part. of fo-loisci) scorched: tir ... follscide LU 2145 ( FA 21 ; folois[c]thi LB). RC xxvi 152 § 35 . bera culind até follscaide forloiscthi, TBC-LL¹ 1944 . .ix. mbera cuilind ... follscaithi (= follscaidi, LU 5727 ) TBC-I¹ 1254 (see Zimmer, ZCP iii 299 ). (Fig.) ferba follscaidhe ardent (inflamed) words Anecd. ii 72.1 . As npr. m. : Follscaide mucaid Maic Da thó, Dinds. 112 .

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