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adbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbar or dil.ie/340

Forms: isa n-a., adbara, adhbhar

n o, n. a s. isa n-a.¤ , Ml. 138c3 . n p. adbara, LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). adhbhar m. IGT Decl. § 11 . See Celtica i 337 .

I

(a) matter, material: isa na.¤ nephdelbaigthe gl. informemque materiam, Ml. 138c3 . ri rothepi . . . / asin cheta.¤ admas / talam . . ., SR 30 . ba terc cach n-a.¤he had little of any substance, LU 11008 . aprisce in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoimnacair `the fragility of the matter whereof we have been made', Ériu ii 122 § 62 . co cruthaigfea in comdiu . . . curpa dind adbur toltanaigfes do cip é méit . . . in t-a.¤ , LU 2595 . a.¤ tened, BColm. 54.20 . d'iarraidh adhbhair cruite, Keat. ii 2692 . a.¤ in ard-naim the ingredients of the saint i.e. his discent or genealogy SG 18.3 . Med. iomad adhbhair (adhbhar v.l.), festering matter, Trompa na bhF. 7436 .

(b) materials etc., serving a special purpose, gear, equipment: roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, LU 8046 ( FB 1 ). mad fige a loscad etir garmain ┐ cech n-a.¤ olchena `the loom-beam and all other materials', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . a h-adbara ┐ a aídimmi (of a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). nirthá do lín na h adbor cathugud trisna barbárdu sa `he has neither number nor gear to fight', 220a25 (ib. 220). is athais mor daib muna derntai calma amlaid sin ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib, Aen. 2465 .

(c) Of persons with follg. gen. in sense of makings (of), one fit to be (hardly to be distinguished from damna in similar use, in spite of O'Don. Gram. p. 445 ): a.¤ ríg, Sc.M² § 14 . int a.¤ rig is ferr do bi da coiced fein, Ann. Conn. 1272.4 . airchideóchain Tuama . . . ┐ a.¤ aird-espuic, Hy Fiach. 114.12 (`? archdeacon with right of succession', Plummer MS notes). a.¤ suad, AU ii 508.4 . a.¤ gaiscedaig the makings of a warrior, LL 8581 . is breath adhbhair Ioldánaigh / do bhí ar Eoin E. was estimated as a young `Ildánach ', Arch. Hib. i 90 § vi . Hence of a grade of poet: itir éceas ┐ adhbar i.e. both poets and students (of poetry), Oss. v 40.5 . adhbhar oideadh young poets (makings of teachers), DDána 46.3 . do chuir geall . . . / fa dhán re hadhbhar eile challenged another student about a poem, 90.16 . Note also: ni raibi do shluagh adbhur cathaigthe friu there was not any army fit to fight with them, TTr.² 1438 .

Hence of successors (actual or potential) to particular offices (kingship, abbacy, etc.) usually with eulogistic implications: D. rí Midhi ┐ a.¤ ríg Erenn, RC xviii 277.13 (Tig.). a.¤ tigerna Breagh, AFM ii 880.14 . ádbar comarba Phattraicc, 762.7 . C. a.¤ ollaman na Brefne, Ann. Conn. 1411 § 22 . gurvo hadhbhar nuachair d'Eirinn antí Conall, ZCP xiv 223.12 . an t-adhbur imperi bis inadíaidh ` heir-apparent ', Maund. 192 . adhbhur a chlemhna his intended son-in-law, Ériu v 188.451 .

(d) subject-matter (of discussion, literary work, etc.): do chum do sgeóil do bhuain ré hádhbhar i.e. so that your fable should have a bearing on the matter under discussion, Desid. 3563 . in tan adchid in filid . . . in tadbur a subject for his poem, Laws i 44.3 Comm. adhbhar ceoil ar gcomhlabhra `the sweet subject of our language', Content. xxv 1 . neithe nach beanann ré hadhbhar which are not to the point, TSh. 9063 . a bhaoghlaigh / do chor-sa is adhbhar aonaigh thy business is idle market talk, DDána 4.9 . dob é m'oide ar adhbhoraibh, TD 23.9 .

II

(a) cause, ground, reason: ciadcobrinn moidim do dénum ni bói a.¤ híc, Wb. 17d17 . a.¤ fáilte, 20a9 . adbur na cnete, IT i 123.7 . a.¤ móide cause of anger, Dán Dé xxv. 15 . ionnbhúr n-adhbhar uathbháis ┐ miosguis ag Dia, Trompa na bhF. 457 . adhbhar cumhadh, TD 14.4 . a adhbhar d'iomchar na croiche / i gcoinne an bháis do bhí ag drud the reason for carrying his cross, DDána 30.12 . adhbair asa ndleghait soin, ZCP viii 116 § 16 . is é is a.¤ dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . is é adhbhur ma tánac chucaib-si, do innisin scéal an domain díb, RC xxiv 371.3 . mór n-adhbhar fárbh aontuighthe, TD 20.53 . cuma leis ternó nó gan terno a cath acht co cuired a clú adhbar dá adhbaraibh provide he should be famous for some reason(?), Expugn. Hib. § 15 . corop i n-adbur na haighi sin rogaba bás that he may die because of that fawn, Todd Nenn. 182.12 . tuig . . . fa adhbar áiridhe . . . gurab edh as áil linn `that for a certain reason we desire', CS 2.1 . ar an adhbhar go ttoirmeasccann an fercc . . . carthanacht etorra féin, Ériu xv 28 § 2 . ar an adhbhar in aimsir S. Clára . . . ní raibhe áonchlabhsdra aca, 96 § 3 . ar adhbharaibh aile `for other reasons', AFM ii 918 note c. méid m'orchra ar an adhbhar-sa for this reason, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.6 .

(b) Of the cause of a quarrel, battle, etc.: cath . . . fa a.¤ coir, RC xxiii 404.15 . sila ┐ adbair in catha, CCath. 3852 . is d'adbaraibh catha Chula Dremne sin, RC xvii 143.4 . is a.¤ ṅdegdebtha, LL 12109 . Hence absolutely in sense of casus belli: adbur no bidbanus, O'D. 1376 (E 3.5, 26a). can adbur can bidbanus, Laws v 142.18 Comm. olc in ta.¤ dia mbói sin LL 20624 . fobith . . . a nadbair ┐ a nesaenta re aroile, AFM iv 1010.22 . tosach an adhbhair eiséin `he is the cause of the dispute' TD 3.26 .

(c) Of the ground, pretext for a claim, charge : bít oc dénum adbair do argain na n-óglach, PH 7528 . dall-adbur no ferai form `you bring an unfounded charge against me, RC xiv 243.44 . caide in t-abur assa fuighmis hé?, Acall. 5215 . fágbhaim an t-adhbhar faoi féin / ní beag nod dfhior mar eiséin affair(?), Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 20 . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige, TD 8.32 . nár lim gan a.¤ éigin without some pretext (of someone returning uninvited), O'Gr. Cat. 352.19 . sé 'na ṡeanadhbhar ó ṡin an ancient cause ever since, TD 7.33 . anaic sinn ar ár n-damnadh / glanaidh sinn ó ar sean-adhbhar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 382.4 .

In phrase lucht adbair people who bring charges, complaints(?); people with a grievance(?): mhaithmhechas na naindligheadh do thabhairt do lucht adhbhair, Ó Héodhusa 230 z . lucht adhbhair tar éis a ndiomdha, TD 29.19 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean / a lucht adhbhair go n-airgthear, 19.15 .

2 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ail or dil.ie/955

Forms: oil, oil, oili

n f. g s. -e Also oil. oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 . Prob. same word as 1 ail, see Marstrander, Lochlann ii 207 .

(a) disgrace, reproach; act of reproaching: a.¤ .i. imdergad, O'Dav. 64 . a.¤ .i. aindsearg (-serc?), Stowe Gl. 201 . a.¤ .i. athais. a.¤ .i. náireach, O'Cl. mó alib (mou álib, LB) imdergad Emnae, Corm. Tr. 110.7 . forsin mnai dodechaid dott aíl who came to insult you, LL 273b47 . m'a.¤ ┐ m' airbire, Acall. 4502 v.l. teccait āigid, fācboit a.¤ , ZCP xii 292.9 . eochair aile opad a refusal is the cause of reproach, ZCP vi 270 § 6 . co mbad a.¤ ┐ co mbad athis for Ultaib, TBC-LL¹ 1586 . bec lat-su a.¤ (sic leg.) form-sa ┐ forsind eclais, MacCongl. 35.9 . `gail chon ar othrach' a a.¤ ar laechḟoirnib Laigen, MR 124.3 . tucastar a.¤ ┐ aithis ar an óclach ele, Acall. 1348 . cáinthear mé nó do gheibhim oil nó athais , Desid. 2205 . nach ffuair tathaoír na toibheim a.¤ no athais , AFM v 1822.19 . ní fhúigfead-sa an oil sin ar mo fhine, ML 106.4 . fir . . . nach [uar] a.¤ , DDána 87.9 . gé do bhí d'Fhearghus 'n-a oil / meabhal mic Fhachtna Fháthaigh, Aithd. D. 8.11 . ní breis aoire ná oile `profit springing not from base abuse', Ó Bruad. ii 238.5 . oil oll .i. aithis mhór, Keat. ii 4378 . ?Attrib. g s. corp oile `an evil body' Aithd. D. 62.14 . In cheville: Jacōb mac Ailphi cen a.¤ , Ériu iii 196 § 17 . clu cen a.¤ , MR 46.11 . In phrase a.¤ bréithre verbal insult: acht a.¤ brethri do ḟacbáil forro co bráth conna turgebtais a n-aigthe la Gaedelu, RC viii 50.10 . is teidmech ind a.¤ breithre facbaisiu for in tírse, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 79 ). a.¤ brethri do tabairt air fein, Cog. 146.13 . in oil bréithre tuc M. air `the verbal affront', Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.15 . digliunn a n-ail ailib cainib . . . a.¤ briathra do reir sin, O'Dav. 631 . In physical sense blemish, defect: is oll in a.¤ fil forsin fer (expl. of name Ailill), Cóir Anm. § 41 .

(b) Name of a type of satire (`insult', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 204 ): cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ a.¤ ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 (= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a.¤ . . . .i. a.¤ leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbretri, 12 (ib.). atait secht cinela aire . . . a.¤ suthuin, Laws v 228.y . an a.¤ suthain ┐ an les-ainm lenas, 234.7 Comm. a.¤ suthain, Ériu xiii 37.11 . conderntáis . . . téora glamma dícend go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, a.¤ ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 .

(c) misfortune (esp. of death or wounding in battle): mor marb, mór atbai, mór a.¤ atcūinfet Gaoideil, ZCP xiii 381.8 (Baile in Scáil). mór a.¤ atbath ind ríí, 14 (id.). dighail cath A. i n-ebbela cach amra firfid a.¤ uchbad, ZCP xii 232 § 43 (id.). cach a ngontais, cían ind a.¤ (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 164.11 . Perh. also: ag díon a oighreachda ar oil / meinic do dhearg a ndebhthoibh / lann . . ., O'Hara 3055 . díogha gaisgidh goin ar ghoin / oil i n-aisgidh ní fhaghthoir, Aithd. D. 74.2 .

Cf. ailbéimm and 2 ailech.

áithes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áithes or dil.ie/2635

Forms: áthas

n u, later o, m. (1 áith) Also áthas.

(a) sharpness, keenness: taithiunn . . . ni fristarddam ar n-áthius, Thes. ii 293.19 . ? is ē tricius ┐ āttius imoroget, TBC-I¹ 2554 .

(b) successful feat, exploit, victory: is maith in celmuine . . . bud lindi a n-ait[h]us `ours will be the triumph over them', Aen. 1943 . búaid n-échta ┐ áithesa for fer th'inaid, BColm. 72.14 . a haithli in áthais after the victory, Mer. Uil. 205 . dodēntar āthus dā druim victory will be achieved as a result of it (of the reciting of a prayer), ZCP x 345 § 7 . ba há.¤ go n-anáithes do desmumhain sin `a triumph without joy', AFM iii 388.3 . muinnter na bainrioghna dfaghbáil an áithesa sin ar a n-esscairdibh, vi 2176.3 . do cumhnaigh Oisín a áithesa móra, CF² 507 . do éirigh iomad áithis leis i n-aghaidh díbhfeargach `he had much success against rebels', Keat. ii 653 . d'aithius aenorchuir by a single successful shot, Ann. Conn. 1398.24 . re háithius aenbéime, MR 302.8 . á.¤ imgona, 254.23 . mar Fhionn ar ghliocas mar Oscar ar áitheas, Hackett xl 238 .

(c) joy: na bith athus ort tri beth ad ridiri `rejoice not in being a knight', ZCP vi 28.15 . See further under anáithes

aithis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithis or dil.ie/2716

Forms: a., aithis(s)i, aithisse, athais, -scél

n f. See Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 214 . n a s. a.¤ , n a p. aithis(s)i, g p. aithisse, g s. (mid. Ir.) aithise. Later also athais .

(a) insult, reproach, reviling. gl. dedecus, Ml. 100b4 (opprobrium, Psalms lxxvii 66 ); contumilia, 62c15 ; calumnia, 54c11 ; opprobrium, 36a1 ; improperia, Wb. 6c29 ; conflictio, 29b10 . aithissi, Ml. 90d17 . dorat Saul athissi foir, 54c16 . trisna aithissi (trisnaithissi MS.), 110c9 . donaib ulib athisib gl. ad probra . . . omnia, 33c7 . iarna aithisib, 54c10 . figor na n-aithisse, Thes. ii 253.15 . trist do tabairt for nech nó a.¤ `to lay a curse on anyone or revile him', Mon. Tall. 141.24 (§ 36) . atrubairt-sium a.¤ móir ra Fergus, TBC-LL¹ 6136 . ail dno .i. ail leasanma lenas do neoch no athais mbrethri cidh tria cuidbius cid cen cuidbius, BB 299a13 . dobert cach dib aithisi mbriathar diaraile, D IV 2, 77va39 . ána athise `quick to revile' (of women), Tec. Corm. 30.z . a.¤ do-berar do Dhia blasphemy, ITS xxix 107.30 . ag sgeith blaismhémiodh aor ┐ aithisiodh, Desid. 4293 . athais gach aoin orra (a curse), BNnÉ 257 § 215 . aitheis oireachtais the reproach of an assembly, IGT Decl. ex. 1015 . As quasi-vn.: ag a.¤ ┐ iomcháineadh air, TSh. 473 .

(b) disgrace, ignominy: is aithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cen precept don aís anfiss, Wb. 13b11 . ni aírmithi ar a.¤ a mbás nisin ar asreracht, 15d12 . ar athis leusom a nintamail fria ndeu they are ashamed, Ml. 138c10 . ar aithissib dunni, 91a6 . domrosat fo baithis gil / nim reilce i n-athis n-oenḟir, Trip.² 1633 `ne me laisse en la disgrace de personne', Études Celt. iii 101 . ba ha.¤ leis a ingen do brith macc do, Rawl. 143a26 . beth fo athis he would be disgraced, LU 2932 . nar bad athis do Mend . . . dunad ┐ longphort d'ḟalmugud dó, TBC-LL¹ 4540 . nach raibhi athais na mebul do Priaim in gach ulc doronsat Grec fris, BB 422a6 . d'a.¤ as an insult, Dán Dé ii 19 .

(c) Concr. blemish, disfigurement: athais maíli fair, BDD² 1163 . d'imgabáil a hathise / ar nách acced nech a cned `to escape her blemish', Metr. Dinds. iii 30.66 . bid athis duit (of a healed wound), LL 14348 . ail ┐ anim ┐ athis, TBC-LL¹ 3020 . on ┐ ainim ┐ a.¤ , RC xxiv 278 § 15 . corab athais for do curp-su, YBL 172b50 . trí aithise . . . d'O. . . . a bheith cluaslom dó ┐ a dhéad do dhubhadh ┐ a anál do bheith bréan, Keat. ii 4399 .

COMPD. ¤-scél: aithisscél ` shameful tale ', CCath. 5580 v.l. (aitscel, text, cf. aithscél(e)?).

cáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáin or dil.ie/7786
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cānae, cánanda, cánann

n i, f. Later also with dental and velar inflection. Note also g s. cānae, Cáin Ad. 48 . IGT Decl. § 201 . n p. cánanda, ibid. g p. cánann, ex. 2162 . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 193 , O'Brien, Celtica iii 172 .

Law, regulation, rule; fine, tax, tribute. Precise legal significance difficult to define. Appar. regarded as statute law (a law imposed by a king, perh. by an over-king) or by the church ( Ériu xii 69 , Ir. Hist. Stud. xiii 101 - 3 ) in contrast to aurradus customary law. It is always more severe than the latter, ZCP xiv 339 . See Cóic Con. pp. 65 - 66 . Frequ. glossed by ríagail ( Laws ii 222.3 Comm. etc.). The wider meaning written law undoubtedly derived from the numerous monastic ordinances issued in the 8th cent., Thurn. ZCP xviii 396 . By annalists appar. equated with lex (see AU 733 , 736 , 766 and Index s.v. Law). In legal commentary, denotes the law as recorded in old books in contradistinction to aurradus which denotes current law ( The Irish Jurist xxxiii 359 , Literature and Politics in the Celtic World 199-200 , Ériu lii 136 n. 39 ).

(a) law as a system, set of regulations : c.¤ a canoine .i. regula , O'Mulc. 200 . cis lir cain i tir, na bi imaclaid la Feine?, Laws v 480.8 . ro suigideadh (? leg. for-suidigthea) na cana so o tosach domain, 480.22 . ata[a]t .iii. cáini (caine, MS.) nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud `there are three rules (servitudes) which heirs are not capable of changing i.e. three types of servitude to which one's land may become subject by adversative prescription', Ériu xvii 68 § 9 and note. c.¤ cach uisci thairidne .i. riagail inn uisce . . . , § 8 . comdire cach fri aroile i nnos chana, BCrólige 5 and note. it cetheora arag . . . fris-tobngiter na ceithri aur[r]athais: athgabail fri brat[h]a Cai, giall fri cain, etc., Bürgschaft 75.16 . adarbetar a cain ┐ rechtgi echtca sin, O'Mulc. 368 . Of the regulation for exacting satisfaction for injury (see (b) below): techta cana caich la derbfine .i. dliged na riagla tobaig caich, Ir. Recht 34 § 36 . fer cána the cáin lawyer: ca heiric bhias i nguairiuga[dh] cána, uair nar innis fer cána éiric inn i c.¤ , O'D. 873 ( H 3.17, c. 626 ). In phr. luige cána, see 1 luige. Contrasted with aurradus (see above): deithbirugh[ad] itir c.¤ ┐ urradus (one of the qualifications of a brehon), O'D. 925 ( H 3.17, 657 ). diablad coirpdire urradais sin, ┐ a da cutruma in diablad corpdire cana, Cóic Con. 38 § 51 . is doib do r[or]macht cain do cach duine da fuil airem eneclainne ar cumalaib i n-urradus, 50 § 97 . noco nfuilit ree nanta re athgabhala cána amhuil atá re athghabhála urradhuis, O'D. 621 ( H 3.17, c. 461 ) (see further under aurradus). Distinguished from cairde: imdích dliged a chéle cintaib cuir, c.¤, cairddi[u] co neoch atallen `he defends the rights of his clients in regard to liabilities arising from contract, written law and treaty(?)', Críth G. 340 and note. muna tabri c.¤ no cairde, BCrólige 43 and note. deichniubar aice ac denum cana ┐ cairde (of the aire désa), O'Curry 2057 (H 4.22, 64a). issed . . . doberar do . . . ar a chain, ar a chairde, ar a rechtnge, Laws v 520. 5 . See further under cairde.

Note further (from non-legal texts): is hí . . . cāin robūi . . . la Bretna: in biodba inna chinaid do neoch forsesed a chāin nō forūasnadfad a chāin, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.3 ). ní duaichnid is í in ch.¤ ro mebaid and in tan ro gabad for loscad in tíre, BDD² 243 . hi ṅgíallnae nár choillet ith na blicht i nHérind tara ch.¤ téchtae, 921 . ar febus na cána ┐ in tṡída, 607 (of prosperous reign). is coll geisi ┐ cána dam-sa inní sin (the Paschal fire), Trip.² 448 . cia chollit araile in cánaid sea, LB 203b56 . ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i n-écmais a arm. conid c.¤ midlaig no ndlig fon samail sin law applying in the case of the m.(?), LU 6156 (TBC). ro leasaiged . . . fo chain lesaighthi, RC xliii 114 § 120 . c.¤ dilguda i.e. (Christian) doctrine of forgiveness, LU 9747 . foclaim rim chain is rim chubus / . . . na roaerus duine remhe by my troth, IT iii 86 § 89 . do fhregair in sámaid sin / a cánaib is a caingnibh, SG 69.18 . ón lá do cailleadh do ch.¤ when Thy law was broken (of the offence of Adam), Dán Dé xxviii 17 . In phrase do-gní c.¤ fri makes a law regarding: dogēna cāin fri banscāla, ACL iii 231.20 .

In names of particular laws or titles of tracts: is a Senchas Mar ro airletha na cetheora cano:— cain iarraid, cain saerraith, cain aicillne, cain lanamnussa techta, Laws i 40.21 . cain lanamna, ii 342 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 2 ). c.¤ aigillne, ZCP xiv 338 ff. cain airlicthe, Laws v 370.9 . cain dornn cliath, 474.13 .i. riagail na cleithi donither o'n durn, in cathcliath, 476.16 Comm. cain ona, 368.9 . cain othrusa `rule of nursing', BCrólige 25 . amail atberr a Cain techta bered darba, O'Dav. 629 = beridh darbha, muchaidh ainbḟios, etc., Ériu xiii 39.12 . in cain einech, 13.14 . ite na filidh do-bongad cain n-enech, 23 . In eccles. contexts: at éat so ceithri cána Erenn .i. cain Patraic gan [n]a chleirchiu do marbad, ┐ caín Adamnáin gan [n]a mna do marbad, Cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, ┐ Cain domnaig can toirimtecht etir, Fél. 210.31 ( Keat. iii 1705 ). forus chano Patricii hi Cruachnibh la Dubdaleithi `promulgation of the law of P.', AU i 258.5 (782). is i so tra in Cain Patraic, Laws i 18.1 . cutruma cumal cana Padraicc ┐ cumal cana Cormaic, O'Curry 577 ( H 3.18, 287 ). cain fuithribe, Laws iii 60.4 Comm. rith cana Patraic . . . r. c.¤ Diarmada . . . r. c.¤ boileachta . . . r. c.¤ Adamnain, O'Curry 2132 (H 4.22, 87b). mad iar gc.¤ Adamhnain, O'D. 673 ( H 3.17, 493b ) i.e. if the suit is brought under the law of A. (as oppd. to mad iar gc.¤ i.e. ordinary law), Plummer MS. notes. conid sí cētchāin lāithir for nimh ┐ for talmain Cāin Adomnāin, Cáin Ad. 21 . brithimain cānae Adomnān, 37 . bendacht . . . for anmain Adamnán . . . / rolā cāin forsna clanna, Thes. ii 306.4 (Hy. i). crannaig cana Darí ┐ Moling, O'Curry 343 ( H 3.18, 191 ). ni fil dithach .i. cain Dari .i. cain boslechta dia mbe tuarasdal cana Patraic ag nech, 2577 ( Eg. 88, 48 (49)d ). C.¤ Domnaig, title of tract on the observation of Sunday, Anecd. iii 21 = Ériu xx 151 .

(b) legal due, tribute : commotatio martirum Petir ┐ Poil ┐ Phatraicc ad legem perficiendam i.e. to exact the `cáin', AU i 188.12 (see further Index s.v. law ). conid desin dliges Ciaran cana coidcenda fo Erinn, YBL 171b12 . oc denamh a chana levying his tribute, Anecd. ii 12.13 . fo chánaibh Chiaráin, AFM ii 1096.8 . maor cána Adhamhnáin, 620.20 . LU 9376 . fó óenmám ┐ fo chís ┐ fo ch.¤ , LL 116 . commeít a ḟeraind . . . gan ch.¤ . . . gan ecendáil, 10073 ( TBC-LL¹ 3029 ). tucadh . . . a chana dligid do C. . . . nai fichit bo . . . , RC xliii 12 § 5 . co tuc caín esti, RC xvii 402.10 (Tig.). co nderna . . . c.¤ for cach tūeth, ZCP viii 316.20 . fer cāna a tributary(?), xv 336 § 28 . c.¤ ar na cnoibh tax on nuts, Aithd. D. 1.24 . ní cíos a-mháin ar Mumhain / bhíos acht c.¤ Í Chonchubhair, 7.12 . tug iomad maoine ┐ mórchánach as (of Armagh), Keat. iii 2974 . ó initt go caisg gan c.¤ / acht madh páin ┐ bioror `without (receiving) tribute save only bread and cress', ZCP i 64 § 105 . ní thabair cóir ina gcána / cóir Danair dá rádha rú, IGT Decl. ex. 2163 . fáoigfidh leth a gcos ad chána / dá mbeth cros gach ágha d'fir, ex. 49 . c.¤, dubhchíos no custum, Ezra vii 24 . fuagraim oruibh cain bhrisde focal penalty fine for breaking one's word, Luc. Fid. 4341 . Atonement (esp. of Christ's a. for Adam's sin): emenda .i. c.¤ , Ir. Gl. 98 . crann díola croinn na cána, Aithd. D. 88.3 . an té do choill an gcánaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh xiii 1 . ag so dhuit, a Dhia . . . / . . . an chalann 'n-a cánaigh féin, DDána 62.13 . íc ruibh do chuid don chánaidh / d'ḟuil Ádhaim duid a Dhúilimh, IGT Decl. ex. 2164 . Note also: mar ch.¤ an pheacaidh, Donlevy 348.23 .

In phrase cen ch.¤ (cheville): na ceil orm innis cen chain / ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.9 . can ch.¤ , LL 4381 . Cf. cain .i. cainte, O'Curry 94 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

dimbúa(i)d

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dimbúa(i)d or dil.ie/16511

Forms: dímbáidh, diombhuaidhe

n (búaid, búad)

(a) defeat, discomfiture, disgrace (oppd. to búaid): acht ní buaid a denam imbárach, is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht though no victory is to be won by doing it tomorrow, there is still less to be gained by doing it tonight, TBC-LL¹ 1867 . cach buaid [bid] dimbúaid iartain, Ériu v 211 . tri gári dimbuaid do ḟlaith, | gáir glám dia guin, etc. . . . trí gáre buada do ríg, LL 147b17 . día mbuadaib archomall na cāna sin ┐ dia ndimbuadhaib mana īcat in chāin, Fen. 158 . go bfeasadh cia dhá rachadh a bhuaidh no a dhiombuaidh (of a battle), Each. Iol. 70 . dimbúaid fir frith-rosc madma a man's discomfiture, CRR 38 . nōi ngrād nime . . . cen dimbuaid, SR 555 . bior cruaidh gan diombuaidh le hordaibh that cannot be dented by sledgehammers (see ZCP xvii 209 n. 1 ), Ó Bruad. ii 232 . co ndechaid . . . fo dhimbuaid martra docum ithfrinn, Lism. L. 2328 . fó dimbúaid, TFerbe 548 . tangattar ar ccúlaibh fó athais ┐ fó diombuaidh, AFM v 1522 . arricht tech d'éccaibh diombuaidh `the unvictorious house of death', ii 932 .

(b) lack of privilege, disability: tri buada righ Caisil . . . a tri dimbuadha iarsin, cath d'ḟuagur uadh ar Laighnibh, a choinmheadh a g[C]aisil . . . ┐ gan dul co Temair three prerogatives . . . three disabilities, Leb. Cert. 258 . it e sin ratha ┐ dimmbuada na haíne; ┐ at imda a buada the graces and disgraces attached to fasting, PH 8422 .

(c) drawback, misfortune, ill-luck: arsin geibim-sea dó in dúain, | dósom ní tharla a dimbuaid `it chanced that he was not displeased therewith' (there befell him no misfortune therewith?), Metr. Dinds. iii 310 . dimbuaid sceóil, LU 8941 ( FB 71 ). cen dochund ┐ cen dimbúaid, 4288 = SG 84 . dimbuaid in dáil luckless bargain (i.e. giving up God for the world), O'Gr. Cat. 357 . biaidh orra 'gun cCoimdhe | diommbuaidh cuimhne ┐ comhairle, BNnÉ 250 . rofágaib Fursa dosom . . . dimbuaid n-erlabra ill-luck in speech, BColm. 96 . dimmbuaid n-aisterechta for fer t'inaid, ib. ben co ndoirchi is co ndimbhuaid, BB 593b30 . ba dimmbuaidh les, TBC-LL¹ 2774 St. = ba dimbág, LL. diombuadh triall ó thulchaibh Fáil, Hard. ii 226 = dímbáidh, O'Gr. Cat. 481 . an tráth budh doilg as diombúaid, Rel. Celt. ii 272 . g s. damhna diombhuaidhe , i 130.

Note also: do bhí diombuadh romhór a naghaidh Israel ` indignation ', 2 Kings iii 27 .

es(s)onóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. es(s)onóir or dil.ie/20553

n f. (onóir) dishonour, contumely, insult: ata essanóir do Dia ann (sc. adaltras), PH 7424 . tuc sé essanoir don spirut nóem, 7518 . an oidhchi do gabad ar Tigerna...tucad asanair gér dó, Maund. 15 . tuccadar asanóra dó insults 16 . tuc sé athais mor bheóil dó ┐ esonóir mór láimhe abuse and mishandling Ériu v 174.1 . do cuimnigh O. in easonóir fuair fen uadha the insult he had received from him Fier. 243 . ar son na hesanora tuc da senathair, 19 . is mímaise mór a beth fa essanóir to be dishonoured PH 7387 . co mba himda cuirp saerclann...fo esonoir, CCath. 4087 . lot ┐ easonóir, Proverbs vi 33 . With obj. gen.: aithid air bar n-esanóir `revenge on him your insults' MR 218.8 . i ndigail a dimiadha ┐ a easonora for the indignity and dishonour offered to him 42.3 ; 110.11 . lucht m' inghrema ┐ m' esonóra, BNnÉ 266.27 . With subj. gen.: mar dobádur cusaniugh fa daeire ┐ fa esanóir imperedh...co mbetdís... fat daeirsi-si ┐ fat esanoir, Maund. 197 . fa asanoir impere ib.

febas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. febas or dil.ie/21382

n u, o, m. (feb). excellence, excellent quality or condition , used in wide sense of persons, things, qualities, states and actions: boaire febsa a `boaire' of (by reason of) wealth Críth G. 17 . b. f. ... is do búaib atá a airechas ┐ a eneclann 152 (p. 78) . febus mo chommain sét ... ┐ indmassa foraib `the excellence of my bestowal' CRR 11 . is a aisiuc fon feabus tucad é restitution must be made in quality equal to what was given Laws ii 314y Comm. is athais daib muna derntai calma ... ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib the excellence of your means Aen. 2465 . huaire as n-uaiss a febus indata a celi his quality is superior to that of his fellows Laws iv 316.23 ( Críth G. 419 ). ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do cēille LU 8226 ( FB 17 ). ar f.¤ na cána ┐ in tṡída ... fail sechnon na hErend, BDD 66 . ní bertais buaid díb ar ḟ.¤ na ursclaige ┐ na imdíten, IT i 72.10 ( LL 260a32 ). ar fephus na cathrach ... ┐ ar feabhus an clerigh, BNnÉ 301.21 . ar ḟeabhas a oileamhna, TD 13.46 . gur thuill a moladh tré feabhas an toraidh táinig dhí, Ó Héodhusa 123 . ar a febus leo in cat[h]-sa do chur because they deem the delivery of this battle such a good thing CCath. 4236 . dursun duitsiu sin do ráda ... ┐ febus t'aithne considering the excellence of thy (powers of) perception Acall. 3172 . gia rabai d'ḟebas in imdíburcthi despite the excellence of the missile-throwing TBC-LL¹ 3562 . boi d'ḟebus in fethme, LB 156b28 . cia beith d'ḟeabus na síne however fair the weather may be IT i 123.6 . fer ... co febhus tidhnacail, CCath. 328 . ben go ffeabhus n-einigh, AFM iv 736 . do beirthi ... gach muc dá febhus ar phinginn `the best hog for a penny' AFM vi 2078.26 . gan tearmann do bheith ag aon-duine ... dá fheabhas nó dá olcas however good or however bad TSh. 5852 . dá fh.¤ sláinte ... bhíos aige, 8674 . dá fh.¤ do-bhéara duine a bheatha as no matter how well a man shall spend his life 1151 . dhá ḟeabhus dā mbí a staid however excellent his state Psalms xxxix 5 . Cf. ga begh [sic] a ḟeabhas? isn't that good enough? Luc. Fid. 327 .

imcháined

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imcháined or dil.ie/27333

Forms: imcained

n u, m.

I (3 imm-, im- + cáined) act of mutually reviling; mutual complaint, mutual reviling, dispute: imcháinti et athissi gl. conflictiones, Wb. 29b10 . tarla iomchaineadh adhaigh eitir Mhuirghil ┐ mhnaoi oile `one night a dispute arose ..., BS 142.21 .

II (? 2 imm + c.)

(a) the act of censuring, abusing, reviling, reproaching: d'imcainedh na mna re Graic, Anecd. ii 27 § 13. cennaigfid cách cáinte do imcháined dar a chend, LL 188b42 . ba homhan lais aos fodoird ... dia iomchaineadh ina eccmhais, Hugh Roe 274.18 . táinig anam an ridire do labhairt ris ┐ dá iomcháineadh, TSh. 5216.

Folld. by fri, for: ro gab icc bagor co mor for demnaib ifirn ┐ icc imcainedh friu, CCath. 4196. ercid a ferg fria co mbói oc imcháined frisin corp (of the soul), PH 8220. ... ag aithis ┐ iomcháineadh air, TSh. 474.

(b) a reproach, a censure: dorinnedur imcainedh mor orumsa, RC xix 144.5 ( Fier. 118 ). is imchāinedh re innisin... feall ar in flaithfēinnid `it is a reproach to tell ...,' Fianaig. 72.32 . ni filet immdergtha na imchainte na écnaige na ad-chosana lind, Alex. 893. tuc Tid athais n-imagallma ┐ imchainti arna Tiabanda, TTebe 1032 . luid Cormac fá bhrónduba co hairm imbái Lugna ocus chanus fris a imcháined, SG 255.4 . gurab é as iomcháineadh gnáthach ar chloinn Tomáis uile the common charge against all C. T., PCT 296. tug Dia duine d'ainm ar an diabhal mar iomad iomcháinte air, TSh. 6329. ní léamhthaoi a los iomcháinidh `no one would dare by abusive speaking ...,' Content. xxii 16. ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh'iomcháinte ar th'uillinn, DDána 101 § 21. imcained ` treating superciliously ,' Auraic. 1813.

méla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. méla or dil.ie/31875

Forms: melai

n , f., (O.Ir. mélae) shame, disgrace, discomfiture, mortification: meala .i. athais , O'Cl. fri todéri nó fri meli, gl. cum pituita [bellum gerentibus], Thes. ii 8.36 (a misunderstanding?) conid é sin m.¤ ┐ mertain . . . is mó tucad for Coinculaind, TBC-LL¹ 2041. cipé imress mela ┐ mertain fort, 47 . ro himrit m.¤ ┐ dochar for in popul, LB 157a7 . don dimicin ┐ don melai tucad fair, TTr.² 29. ansit fo melai, AU 808. teichis L. fo mela ┐ fo mebail, FB 38 Eg. fo mhéla ┐ cuitbhedh, AFM iv 934.11 . ro scar ri m.¤ . . . scéla Dromma C. he cleared of reproach, Metr. Dinds. iv 10. g s. i farradh na melai ┐ na hat[h]isi . . . doratsat fort, LL 400a31 . do immirt mela . . . forni, FB 41. ic fulaing in mela-sa, YBL 156b1 . ? dá n-ó mele ┐ cuitbiuda, IT i 73.1 ( LL 260a42 ); perh. = 1 meile. As pred. of cop.: bid mor a mela duit, LL 148b38 . Cog. 92.7 . luid uadib in tarb . . . bá m.¤ léo they were ashamed (? chagrined), LU 5358 ( TBC-I¹ p. 34 n. 16 ). ba meli la hA. anní sin, BB 436b47 . ba mela lais gan a shlogh do thocht `it grieved him', AFM vi 2212.17 . ba m.¤ lais indreadh an tíre tairis, Hugh Roe 82.10 (fo. 22 a) .

mór, már

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mór, már or dil.ie/32548
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: már, mór, mar, mór, moer, mōir, moer, moer, moir, móir, mou, moo, móa, m, mā, mou, mó, má, mote, móti, móite, móide, móitti, moam, moam, maam, maam, máam, moab, moum, mou, mó, má, moosom, moosoun, móir, moir, mór, mórmór, mórmó, mor, mór, māir, móir, mauru, m., mor, máam, mór, mórchatha, mór, mórmór, mórmó

adj o, ā. great . The form már is common in early texts; usual in Sg.; Wb. prefers mór (but: máar, Wb. 12d28 ; in mar , 18a5 a prima manu); in later Mid.Ir. mór prevails. g s m. moer occurs in AU up to 850 beside mōir: Lismoer, AU 591 , 745 , 759 , 832 , 850 ; Cluana moer , 778 ; Roiss moer , 839 . Equative. moir sleb[e] as great as mountains, Ml. 55d11 . Mid.Ir. móir. Compar. mou, Ml. 35c31 , 114b2 . LU 4850 ( TBC-I¹ 362 ). moo, Wb. 3c35 , Sg. 197a11 . móa, Wb. 21d9 . Mon. Tall. § 70 (moa). m, Wb. 6c8 , Ml. 51a2 (usual Mid.Ir. and later form). ni mā , O'Mulc. 257. With de: mou de the greater , Ml. 40c11 , 61c8 . mó de, Wb. 29c4 . má de, Sg. 2a7 . mote, SR 1535. Usual Mid.Ir. form móti, TBC-LL¹ 3303 ; móite, 3752 , later móide; móitti, BColm. 80.1 . Superl. as moam (gl. maxima), Ml. 109c4 , cf. 92c5 . moam, LU 1704. as maam , Ml. 99b5 . maam, LL 36a2 . in máam (gl. primum), Wb. 1c20 (a prima manu). moab, LU 7193 ( BDD 87 ). moum, IT i 144.20 . Later (is) mou, mó, má ( SR 7998 ). moosom, Auraic. 658 = moosoun, 3270 (YBL) is an artificial form. Stokes takes the follg. exx. as compar. and superl. respectively: nos-geib imecla móir ┐ ómon `greater terror', RC x 56.8 ( LU 1897 ). anba moir do na hécnib `the largest of the salmon', 60.3 ( LU 1920 ); prob. a mistake for mór in both cases.

Often doubled for sake of emphasis: mórmór very great , compar. mórmó (mómó).

I As adj.

(a) big, great , of size, quantity or extent, physical or moral: mor, gl. magnus, Ir. Gl. 663. mór, gl. magnum, 809 . mor .i. moo a iur .i. a feoil (i.e. corpulent), Corm. Y 909. bun cruinn mair, Thes. ii 295.14 ( SP v 13 ). cruim már a big worm, Sg. 47b6 . deug m.¤ a great draught, Ml. 94c12 . iar lassair máir a great flame, 40c5 . gabais liic mair (móir LU), TBC-I¹ 889. tech mór, SCC 33. coirm tíre máir, IT i 133.1 ( LU 10857 ). immad már, FB 29. drong mor, PH 848. at móra na haibni ┐ na huscida, CRR 6. na móra finna tall fair women, ZCP viii 113.4 . amal as már a galar, Ml. 40b9 , cf. 56b26 . i ndigaid flechud mór after great rains, 81c3 . it móra mo chinaid, Fél. Ep. 387. do ghabh aga imdheargadh do bhriathruibh móra blustering (?), Comp. CC 127.27 . amser már a long time, LL 125b49 . céin móir a great while , IT i 73.14 . fri cíana móir, LU 3289 = SCC 8 (where we should expect: móra). etir bec ┐ m.¤ both small and great, Ml. 114b17 . cid bec cid már (gl. quantitas), Sg. 28b7 . immar fa bec whether it be great or small, 73a16 . o bicc co mor, PH 4333. mór ní a great thing, in Glosses used adverbially = greatly: hóre ron-soír-ni . . . mór ní bes n-adblamu foir ar soírad much readier will he be to save us (lit. will our salvation be on him), Wb. 2d14 . cia fíu .i. mór ní (gl. quam), Ml. 146d1 , cf. 17b13 . gl. quanto, 80a5 . mor .i. maith, ut est . . . cen marca mára, O'Dav. 1237 seems due to misunderstanding of the quotation.

Common in geographical names, e.g. Lismór. ardespuc na hAlaxandrech Moire Alexandria, PH 28. comthinol na hAssia Moire, 6 , cf. 199 , 2529 (in all cases of Asia Minor, as distinct from the Roman province of Proconsular Asia = Asia Bec).

Equative. ba móir choire ndarta cechtar a nda odbrand as big as, LL 252b25 . combo móir béolu midchuaich, LU 4882 = mor, TBC-I¹ 395 YBL. LL 290a41 : ní mórithir, transld. `not so great' by Stokes, RC xiii 452.1 , 'not so many', CMMucr. 50 § 40 , we should prob. read with SG 314 y : mór itir; similarly in LL 124b48 (see Hull, Speculum xiii, 58. n. 15 ). Compar. nícon robae ni bed mó nothing could be greater, Ml. 51a2 . amail nach moa soillsi na grene don oenfer indas don sochaidhe, Mon. Tall. 70. fiche bó no [= ná] conglann con | ni mo ar Domnall (= it is as easy for D. to give twenty cows as a couple of hounds), Irish Texts ii 5 § 34. Folld. by dat. of second member of comparison: as mou cech fortacht greater than any help, Ml. 114b17 . ba mó amru arailiu greater than any other wonder, Hy. v 40. mó cech delmaimm, Fél. Ep. 127. compert Iohain . . . as mó scélaib, ib. Sep. 24. fodaim guin, ni mou gabail he is not above capture, TBC-I¹ 362. ba mou epert greater than can be told, LL 49b13 = Hail Brigit § 2. moo turim an ro boí do sciathaib and beyond counting , Ériu iv 28.12 . moo cacha doeinib a ndelbha, ii 130 § 103 . tomus tighe . . . mo secht traigid mo secht cēt above seven feet, above seven hundred, ZCP viii 108.16 . ba moo lē cech lōg Labraid she thought L. greater than any reward, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9. In follg. exx. the superl. is used for compar.: forbrid a mēd comba moam oltas Fer Diad, TBC-I¹ 2687. is moum .iii. bliadna, IT iii 144.20 = is mó nā teora bliadna, ZCP v 501.33 . With de: robu mou de int erchot (= magis nocuit), Ml. 61c8 . mad i n-agaidh . . . forruimther ind athais, is moide a heraic the greater is the fine, Corm. Y 975 (p. 84) . moitti fochraic cech duine the greater is the reward, BColm. 80.1 . gebis 'n-a láim . . . ba móite leis a menma, Metr. Dinds. iii 248.98 . ní moidi let do menma mo scela-sa do clos thy spirits will be none the greater for hearing my story, ZCP vi 64.22 . fán dá mhac so is móide ar gcás our distress is the greater, Keat. Poems 1113. Superl. a llotár is tech bá moam dib, LU 1704 = RC ix 476. in gním is mó dorónad i talmain, PH 2925. is he seo firt is mou dorigne Ísu, 4500 . ni bi fair acht aimsear co leith a n-as mo dhe only a time and a half at most (lit. what is greatest of it), Auraic. 1350. coic litri and a n-as mo de five letters at most, 1455 = a n-us moam de, 4497 . Folld. by a defining subst.: cid as mó miscais lat? what do you most dislike? IT i 81.18 . briathar is mó gen ┐ tarcassul ro ráided the most derisive and contemptuous words, TBC-LL¹ 1616.

(b) great = mighty, famous , etc. (a use hardly evident in Glosses, but common in literature): Dē māir , Hy. ii 9 (v s m.). a Dé móir ! Fél. Ep. 312. féil Choluimb . . . in máir maccu-Artae `the great descendant of A.', ib. June 7 . cit móir ríg in domain though great are the world's kings, ib. Prolegomena 149. fāid mor amal Moysi, PH 2267. in tulach a téigdís máir whither chieftains used to go, Metr. Dinds. i 4.26 . congbad máru `let him restrain the great', Tec. Corm. § 2.4 . loṅgais māru Muiredach M. banished the mighty, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18.5 = mauru, LL 313b46 . ba mar 'san aimsir fil sund antí Ruadhan, ba móa 'san aimsir fil gan toidecht, BNnÉ 328 § 59.

II As subst. o, n. and later m. a great amount, a great deal (many), folld. by partitive gen. or DE: ní tardad na mmór nothing great was given, Ml. 63d5 . a mmór den gantuari the large diet of coarse food, Mon. Tall. § 63. ferr óenfer dont slóg do dul | indá in mor do mudugud to destroy the whole, SR 6984. m.¤ fína much wine, SCC 11. m.¤ ṅdubai, Fél. Ep. 377 (n s.). ro chésas-[s]a . . . mormor ṅdocair, PH 3268. mor n-orddain ┐ ániusa, Ériu iv 28.14 (n s.). fofera m.¤ n-uilcc sund, ZCP xi 85 § 38. is cían do thír, már do muir eturru is Imlech Ibair much sea between it and I., viii 327.36 . m.¤ do chách `much of the world', PBocht 23 § 41. Folld. by pl.: mor fer many men, SCC 44. fail ann m.¤ do rigsrothaib, fail ann m.¤ ṁbíle ṁbroga, SR 504 , 505 . mór cath, Irish Texts ii 36 § 6 . is m.¤ lá tánac-sa many a day, Comp. CC 97.2 . mor mbliadan, CCath. 1052. mor n-uair very often , Rosa Angl. 26.13 . m.¤ n-ughdar, Content. v 43. tógbháil móir bhfiadhan `to claim many witnesses', xviii 23 . m.¤ do mílib fichet many thousand scores, ZCP viii 327.35 . Similarly compar.: adfesar duib in mó I will tell you more, Trip. 222.6 . antí dia mba hail ni bus mó dibh who desires more of them, RC xxv 400.5 . duine is mo doberad d'etach ┐ d'innmus . . . i nErind who bestowed most raiment and wealth, RC xvii 407.21 (Tig.). rí is mo ro dall . . . do merlichib, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 2.

III As adv., greatly, to a great extent . in mór, gl. prope modum, Ml. 42b25 . gl. aliquanto, BCr. 33d8 ( Thes. ii 23.25 ). in már, gl. magnopere, Thes. i 6.9 . in mar, gl. supra modum, Wb. 18a5 (a prima manu). gl. adeo, Sg. 39a25 . Superl. in máam , gl. primum, Wb. 1c20 . With co: co mmór, Ml. 38c12 , 61b17 . is follus co m.¤ , FA 33. feraid A. fǽlti friss co m.¤ , FB 62. mórán do lucht . . . ┐ go mórmhór na n-ógán especially , TSh. 10359. Absolute (generally with cop.): agait m.¤ a maccáin `greatly play his children', Fél. Sep. 4. is m.¤ moltar side, PH 5616. conid mor dlegaitt dammain forru greatly deserve condemnation, 6998 . Compar. cid mor dliges cech sollamain a herdach . . is in mormo dliges in sollamain-si though all feasts fully deserve their celebration, much more does this festival, PH 3605. is in mormo is coru . . . a choíned far more is it fitting . . . to bewail him, 3369 . cidh mór ro nert cách insin [leg. is in ?] mórmó ro nert Hechtoir much more he encouraged H., TTr.² 311. is mórmó is córa duit cathugud calma, CCath. 555. mó as teann a neartchuaine anos the stronger now are his powerful bands, Content. xxix 33. With de: acht co torchror-sa . . . mote dogentar . . . frit ó do Dia trocaire the more will mercy be shown thee, SR 1535. bid moti bas trēn mo scél, LU 9901 ( PRIA iii 536 § 18 ). is moti no chuired for na mathib int olc fogebtís in maith ra-mor boi accu remi the wealthy felt the evil they were receiving all the more for the superabundant affluence they had hitherto enjoyed, LB 154b8 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do denam that they are the better heeded for their much speaking, PH 7840. atbert M. a n-anmanda friu ┐ ni móti foretatar som sin (= they were none the wiser for it), 1063 . móide is gránna gráin a ngníomha, | Gaedhil féin . . . | d'imirt an fheill the hatefulness of their deed is all the greater inasmuch as it is the Gaels themselves who practise treachery, Keat. Poems 1197. mó sa mó more and more: mo sa mo ro cumscaigit iat, PH 128. ar gach ló as mó sa mhó fhuilghim d'olc, BS 118 z . cech doimne no roisidh an t-adhnacul ba mó sa mó no geibthi an fuil the deeper the grave reached, the more blood was found, ZCP viii 560.22 . Of time in neg. sent.: na ticfa . . . ní bas mó that you will not come any more, TBC-LL¹ 4668. na labra ní bus mó any longer, PH 788. ná déantar leat éagnach níos mó, Keat. Poems 299. Superl. ni bo ed as mó ro gnathaigsem dún what we have been most accustomed to, SCC 14. duni is mó is bidba d'Ultaib who is the greatest enemy of Ulster, CRR 18. étach is mou no thechtad immbe the clothing he mostly wore, PH 873. an fer . . . is moam rot-c[h]ar who loved thee most, ZCP x 47.11 . conith fobithin is moam bertir anmain in cheneli doine dochum n-iphirnn, Ériu vii 152.19 . teora gua ata moam da-fich Dia which God punishes most, Laws iv 52.24 . it e ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna it is they who drink most abundantly, PH 6238.

IV Idiomatic uses (adj. and adv.).

(a) ní m.¤ dom it is not (too) much for me, I require, I ought to (have, do): [ní] m.¤ duib cia chomallaide . . . it is no great thing for you to fulfil, Ml. 95c3 (gl. non mirum [est si . . .]). cairemain . . . ní m.¤ ṅdemon remor n-imda doib, LL 29b40 (of rations assigned to various classes in the Tech Midchuarta).

(b) is m.¤ limm

(a) I think it much, excessive: is mor leisim in mile cemenn he makes much of going the thousand paces, Mon. Tall. § 71. ba m.¤ leo do thír aurland Temrach `the demesne of Tara seemed excessive to them', Ériu iv 124.5 . masa mhor leo-samh if they deem it too much, Laws iv 218.26 . ba mor, ba lond ┐ ba lesc leis dul as in baile, ZCP xiii 26.3 . cibé lé n-ab m.¤ a n-abraim riu whoever thinks I say too much, Keat. i 76.45 . Compar. iarmoracht Maoldithruib . . . dus imbad lór cáocai do gabail . . . Asrubart Máolrúoin ni bu móo dan (leg. dano?) lais a rrobuí isind tsaltir n-uli that he did not consider it greater labour to recite the contents of the whole psalter (than only fifty) (?), Mon. Tall. § 16.

(b) I think much of, esteem, value, etc.: (compar.) is mó lium so d'[fh]águail oldás mor d'innmas I had rather get this, PH 7207. is momo lem and chena nidat bunad Gædelge acht is bunad ceilli I much prefer (to believe) that [grammatical genders ] are not based on the Gaelic language but on sense (?), Auraic. 1461. iss ed is moam lem ciasa bunad Gaidilgi is bunad ceinil I had liefest believe . . . that they are based on sex, 4571 .

(c) is m.¤ ocum I think much (highly) of: ni he iarraidh in tṡaidhbriosa as mor ag Dia it is not seeking wealth that pleases God Ériu v 130.44 . gidh m.¤ agaibh a n-iomus though you rate their learning highly, Content. x 26.

(d) nach mór (in Glosses) `that is not great' follg. a neg. sent. (or virtual negative) = very little, hardly at all: huare nad tarbas a morchumachtae ṡom hisuidiu nach m.¤ , Ml. 64d13 (`his great power was not shown herein to any extent', Thes.), cf. 65d16 . cen immormus nach m.¤ almost without sin, Wb. 11d5 . With an affirm. sent. = almost: foraccaib laiss mind ali .i. cosmailius cometa libair Johain nád mór almost the likeness of (i.e. a copy of) the case of the book of John, Trip. 86.9 .

(e) ní mór, folld. by dependent clause in apposition or introduced by má, co, it is not much that (if) . . . = scarcely, hardly: ní m.¤ foracbus . . . coicfher nā rom-giall I left scarcely five men that did not do me homage, LL 147a44 ( PRIA iii 550 § 37 ). ni m.¤ conánic Príaim a ḟrecra P. could hardly answer, TTr.² 747. nach m.¤ do hairigheadh orra . . . doimheanma hardly any dejection . . . was to be seen in them, PBocht 111 § 10. dorala ni ingantach . . . ┐ ni mor masa incretmi he it is hardly credible, LB 152b16 . ní m.¤ ma doerna scéola[ng] indisen scél hardly a fugitive escaped, BDD 158. ní m.¤ ma ra ḟácaib comét intib (= hardly any one was left to guard them), LL 232a42 = ní m.¤ forácaib, TTr.² 612. ní m.¤ má ro proinnighsiot they had hardly finished their meal, AFM vi 2288.22 . ní m.¤ gurab lia ceann aca ioná creideamh they have hardly more heads than creeds, Eochairsg. 4.1 . ní m.¤ go dtaithneann re lán, mar adeirthi . . . id dhán many folk are scarcely pleased with (would hardly admit) the statement in your poem, Content. vi 205 . nír m.¤ gur bhean sé fai annsa bhaile he had scarcely taken up his quarters, AU iii 390.19 .

(f) ní mór, folld. by neg. clause, almost: ni mor nach rapsat a gconntabairt they were nearly in danger, Fl. Earls 12.23 . ní m.¤ nach roibhe gne imfhaitchis ar dhroing aca, 30.27 . ní m.¤ nat fáccbad . . . 'na hén-tuinn fhiataile almost (the whole tract) was left a waste of weeds, AFM v 1784.2 . ni m.¤ nach raibh mé ann gach uile olc I was almost in all evil, Proverbs v 14. muna bhfóiridh ceárd na n-áirdreann pobal críoch gCuirc . . . ní m.¤ nár bh'fhearr gan cháirde a bhfoscain-díoghlaim it were almost better to scatter them without delay, Keat. Poems 59. nír mhór nar fhuil dearg a dēar, PBocht 62 § 17. A different idiom is found in ZCP xii 389.14 : is mōr nā marbhtha íad it is much that they were not killed, i.e. they were almost killed.

(g) ní mó, introducing an additional statement after a neg. sent., not more = nor . . . either: ni lemaind labra . . . ┐ ni mo no lémad cid mo aircindech nor would my chief himself dare either, PH 2063. ni tualaing nech mo marbad . . . ni mo as tualaing m'anacal no one can kill me . . . as little can I be saved, ZCP vii 302.29 . ní hindderb lium tocht a criaidh, ní mo is ro-derbh linn ga huair (= as sure as I am that I must die, so little do I know at what time), 301 § 9 . níor éar Niall duine fa ghleo, ní mó éarfas N. never refused a fight, nor will he, Content. ii 42. níor mheasais . . . m'áireamh, . . . ní mó as éidir leat a mheas, xiv 52 .

(h) ní mó iná . . . not more than, only: ní mó nó mo chuid-si . . . millfighther only my portion, Comp. CC 77.6 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). ni mo ina le fulang Dé donither na huilc only by God's sufferance, Luc. Fid. 36.21 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht leó an tan . . . they had only just managed to get away, AFM v 1780 z .

Compds.

(a) mór is commonly prefixed to subst. instead of following it; in later heroic lit. such compds. are very frequent, being often used for alliterative purposes. The follg. are a few exx.: (from Glosses) máarbríg, Wb. 12d28 . mordechur a great difference, Ml. 26b1 . morthomas, gl. tantum pondus, 33c17 . in mórindrid (tantae vastationis), 66c19 . With superl.: ised as maamserc la tuistidi . . . primiti a clainde it is the first-fruits of their children that parents most love, 99b5 . ¤ chaindel, perh. = rígchaindel a large candle burnt in the presence of king or chief: is lór iomorro do shoillse isin tigh sin uile gion go [m]be[a]th ann mūirlēas mórchoinnle 'there is enough light in the house, even though there is no great light from a royal candle', BDC 256.544​ . mór-chath a great battle , SR 6492 ( ¤chad). pl. mórchatha , ZCP xi 81 § 11. ¤chin great guilt, a great crime , SR 6872. ¤chuirm strong ale , Ériu iv 106.9 . ¤gein a great birth (child, scion): do imgabail in morgene (mórgeine LU), TBC-I¹ 240. ¤margad, gl. nundinae, Ir. Gl. 327. ¤rí: linais Nia . . . slōgaib cach māirrig ārchoin N. fed with hosts every war-dog of a great king, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.21 (= gach marrigh, LL 387a27 ). trī maicc, trī mārrīg, ib. 2. ¤thimchell a great circuit ; freq. as adv. (absolute or with i n-) all round, about: batar for essama céin móir m., IT i 73.14 . focheird in circul m[b]odba mórthimchull cethri n-ollchóiced nErend, TBC-I¹ 1990. tri cressa i n-a m., FA 8. gan easbaidh . . . d'ar maithib ad mhóirthimcheall, ML 112.32 . ¤thinól: co cualatar in rí do beith mortinol ic Ath Luain with a great gathering (muster), RC xviii 45.27 (Tig.). With npr.: mac moir-Nēill, Irish Texts ii 7 § 6.

Occas. the subst. is modified in meaning by mór, forming a stable compd., e.g. mórchásc = in cásc m.¤ great Easter (distinguished from minchásc s.v. 1 min): do chaithem na morchasc, RC xxviii 322 § 49. See also mórdál, —menma, —sesser.

Follg. a subst. mór retains its adjectival character, being qualified in meaning, e.g. cennmór big-headed , clannmór prolific , SR 6802 ; such compds. will be found under first component.

(b) with adj. in adverbial sense modifying second adj. = very , often merely for sake of alliteration; occas. perhaps forming a dwanda-compd. ¤álaind: (superl.) ingen is mór-ailliu ro boí i nhErinn, IT i 71.8 . banscál is mor-aldom ro buí i nhEre, ZCP viii 310.1 . fled mórchain, RC xiv 412 § 24. dá manaís móirleabra big and long (? very long), Acall. 232. munter mormas, Anecd. i 59 § 79. mórmór very great , mórmó much greater (see above).

Often in adj. formed from subst.: rind Mairt morcathaigh the great battler , CCath. 1031. lucht . . . mórchodaltacha sluggards , Corp. Astron. 92.15 . morcuitech having a large share, Laws iii 462.20 . morghalach very valiant , Ériu v 152. 121 . morghlonnach of mighty deeds , RC xxix 118 § 17. mor-moltach deserving much praise , ZCP x 341.15 . snam mara mórthonnaig great-billowed , MR 172.18 . crann mor-ublach bearing great (? many) apples , Irish Texts ii 10 § 31.

(c) rarely with vbs. in adverbial sense (chiefly to secure alliteration): mármoigid eclais ennce 'innocence magnifies a church', CB 34 § 39 . do milledh ┐ do morairgedh mo tigerntus, ZCP vi 77.3 . ro muradh ┐ ro morchlaidhed . . . an port, AFM vi 2022.2 . ro mórmolsat an Coimde, BNnÉ 24 § 7. ro mid ┐ ro mordēch uadh, CCath. 4752. midheas ┐ móirḟéachas iad, Todd Lect. iv 72 § 22. So too in vn.: do midem ┐ do mórdescain bar in slúag, CRR 25. ac mordechsain na mara, Acall. 3211. do mhidemhain ┐ do moirdhechain, AFM vi 2256.22 . do mhóirdhegadh an tíre, Hugh Roe 156.18 (fo. 42 a) .

noíb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. noíb or dil.ie/33244

Forms: noíb, noeb, noíb, noíb, noeb, noiba, noíbu, noíb, noibaib, noeb, noem, naeb, naem, noíb, noem, naem(h), naomh, náoime, náoimh, náomha, noíb, noemu, noemu, noím

adj o, ā. O.Ir. n s. noíb. noeb, Thes. ii 294.30 ( SP iv 4 ). g s m. noíb, Wb. 6d11 . n p m. (as subst.) ind noíb , 21c5 ; noeb, SR 441 , 8193 . a p m. noiba, Ml. 37b4 . (as subst.) noíbu, Wb. 7b2 , Ml. 37b16 (noibu). g p. noíb, Wb. 13c26 . d p. noibaib, 4c37 , Ml. 51a16 . In Ml. generally written without accent.

In early Mid.Ir. the commonest form of n s. is noeb (SR), with variants noem, naeb, naem (all of which occur in LU), naob ( Mon. Tall. 127.12 , 130.27 , 131.17 ), the form noíb being used in g s m. and n p m. Later noem prevails (commonest form in PH), giving way to naem(h) and mod. naomh. croch náom, IGT Dec. § 196 (g s f. náoime, d s f. náoimh, n p. náomha).

Of persons holy; of things sacred, consecrated; used both in inflected forms after a noun and as indecl. before one, the latter usage being common with proper names in the sense saint . In Glosses renders Lat. sanctus. is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294.30 . corrop noíb for n-anim, Wb. 16a21 . i mbethid noib a holy life, Ml. 74d9 . Críst macc Maire noíbe, Fél. Prol. 338 (noeime, nóebe v.l.). v s m. á rí noíb! ib. Ep. 37. v p m. a aithrecha noemu!, PH 19. v p f. a chaillecha noemu!, 3399 (for noema). Of things: huanaib aidmib noibaib ro batar hi tempul, Ml. 74a13 . for altórib nóebaib, Fél. Ep. 348. superl. cona chléir as nóebu, Fél. May 27 , cf. Jan. 20. Iacob as noíbem, July 14 . With npr.: itge ind noíb Thomáis, Dec. 21 (noeib v.l.). admuinemmar noeb Patraicc, Hy. iii 1. gnúis náem Míchil, PH 6389. sancta Brigida .i. noem Brigit, Lism. L. 1218 .

As subst. neut.: dugén a nnoib-sa I will do this holy thing, Ml. 69a21 . Very common as subst. m. and f. a holy person, a saint , in Mid.Ir. relig. lit. generally in technical sense either of a professed religious or of a saint; also applied to the spirits of the blest after death. ind noíb ata ellachti hi Crist, Wb. 21c5 . comthinól inna noíb, ib. 7 . cech nóeb boí, fil, bías, Fél. Ep. 289. taithmet nóeb ṅ-óige, ib. 131 . naim íarthair in domain the saints of the western world, FA 4 ( LU 1973 = noím LB). ind aine . . . dos-forslaic [sic leg.] Colum C. for noebaib Herenn C.C. relaxed the fast for the religious of Ireland, Mon. Tall. 68. ag naomh nó ag ban-naomh, TSh. 1048 (of canonized saints). Of the elect in heaven: indocbáil inna noíb i nnim, Wb. 13c26 . na noeb is ind noebaiṅgil, SR 8193. ni fil . . . fíal . . . eter mu[n]tir nime ┐ inna nóemu, FA 5. tír na naeb, 4 (LU = na noem LB). goirthear naoimh dona marbhaibh bhíos i bpurgadóir, TSh. 4868.

Compds.

(a) common. with nouns. in sense holy, sacred, pertaining to a saint or the Church , etc. ¤aingel: n p. noebaiṅgil, SR 8193. tongu-sa . . . tar mo nóebaingliu, Ériu ii 196 § 13 . PH 8085. ¤ainm: nóebainm Petair apstail, Fél. Prol. 109. ¤apstal, Fél. May 30 . PH 1630. ¤arbar: muinter nimi noebarbar a holy host, SR 8255. co nóebairbrib aingel, Fél. Ep. 344. ¤canóin: g s. ina noebchanone, Hib. Min. 12.395 . ¤corp: ic foillsiugud na noemcorp, PH 1580 (of bodies of saints). naoimhchorp Antonius, Keat. iii 779 (leg. naomh-). ¤decheṅg `a holy pair', Fél. Nov. 21. ¤dúil a holy creature , Hy. v 41 (nóeb-). SR 7422. ¤epscop, Fél. Ep. 253. ¤erlam: naomhērlamh a holy patron, Ériu iv 236 y . Colum Cille an naoímhérlamh, AFM vi 1968.5 . ¤fis(s) : naoimhfhios, Keat. iii 466 (poem); a name given to the Senchas Mór. ¤fót: naomhfód (of site of a monastery), BNnÉ 262.24 . ¤gein holy offspring (child), Ériu i 122.16 (noeim-). ¤gérat holy champion , Fél. Aug. 4. ¤grád: noí noebgraid (of the celestial hierarchy), SR 1811. ¤ingen : i n-enccai nóebingen, Hy. vii 20. ¤itge, Fél. July 19 . Hy. v 92 . ¤légend: do néblégund sacred reading (literature), Mon. Tall. 25. ¤mairtirech: PH 6173. ¤máthir, Fél. Aug. 16. ¤muinter, Fél. May 13 . ¤nem: do noebnim, SR 312 , 6842 , 7116 . ¤óg (úag) f. a holy virgin: n p. nuíbhuaga, SR 441. nóemóga, LU 1991 ( FA 6 ). deich nóebóga, Fél. Feb. 28. drong nóebúag; ib. Ep. 252. i n-oentaid noemóg, PH 6172. ¤port: naomhport do Connachtoib (of a religious centre) BNnÉ 258.4 . ¤prainn: nóebphroinn cen ṡáith, Ériu ii 65 § 8 . nasadh naebhprainne, AFM i 514 x (poem) = Bruchst. i § 108 , where Meyer emends: nasad noíbrainne the assembly of the company of saints. ¤rath, SR 7154. ¤reilic: féil nóebreilce ṅ-úasal `of holy relics', Fél. Oct. 1. ¤rí, SR 7975. Ériu iv 236.4 . ¤riagal: fo noíbriaguil recht, SR 2339. ¤scríbend: a p. noimscribinna, Hib. Min. 3.87 ; ib. 82 (noeb-). ¤scriptuir: g s. noibscreptra, Hib. Min. 12.409 . ¤senchas : duain naoimhsheanchais of ecclesiastical history, Keat. iii 749. ¤spirut, Fél. Ep. 354. ¤tech: dochum naemtaigi sanctuary, church, Ériu v 120.22 . ¤teglach: Ériu i 122.34 (naob-). ¤tlacht, SR 1308. eter náemtlachtaib spirtáldaib nimi, LU 2473. ¤trethan : n p. noebtrethna, SR 494. ¤trínóit: g s. na noemtrinoti, PH 1603.

In mod. lang. somet. forms a genuine compd. with noun, modifying the meaning of the latter; e.g. naomh-athair a Father of the Church, see TSh. 6715 , 8272 . naomh-athais blasphemy , defined as: athais do thabhairt o breithir do Dhia no do náomhaibh, Parrth. Anma 157.13 ; 71.19 ( Luc. Fid. 96.8 , 37.4 ).

(b) with adj.: neimhedh naem-ainglech, Acall. 500. nemh naemhcert `heaven of holy right', BNnÉ 268.4 . o ríg nime nóebfind, SR 5488. do ruirig nime nóebgil, 6886 . Noe nóebglan, 7302 . for nim noebnár, 782 . o ruirig nime noebuáig, 5878 , cf. fri loscud n-edpart noebúaig, 4262 (g p., form due to rhyme). ? naombrethach gach n-iardaighi .i. isi in naomad breath doberar do iaramdighe, 23 Q 6 p. 10a ( O'Curry 1637 ) = naoimbrethach, H 3.17 c. 439 ( O'D. 561 ); taken by glossator as a compd. of noí which, however, aspirates the follg. initial consonant in composition.

(c) exceptionally with vb.: co noebthanic Dia do nim, SR 2153. briathra lé naomhchoisrighther í with which it (the Eucharistic wafer) is consecrated, Ó Héodhusa 198.14 , cf. Parrth. Anma 209.16 , Luc. Fid. 133.1 , and the vn. naomhchoisreagadh, Parrth. Anma 211.3 , Luc. Fid. 134.7 .

onchú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. onchú or dil.ie/33865
Last Revised: 2013

n n, f. apparently a native word, compd. of 1 cú; see TD ii 214.

(a) name of an animal, apparently of the dog tribe and fierce and dangerous; by editors variously transld. `otter', `leopard' or `wolf', but prob. often used without any definite idea beyond that of wild beast. onchú obeli, LL 267b12 ( MU 36.30 ). onchú nemi, LB 274b63 ( SG 58 ), of a monster inhabit- ing a lake, called `cú', 275a7 (cf. CCellaig 534 , 549 ). a chú .i. onchu gerr glas, Acall. 1899 n. = madra, 1900 (text). g s. co n-ainbthinche onchon, TTr. 1071. cráes onchon, Lism. L. 3799. pl. na .ix. [sic leg.] n-onchoin n-anbhle, Anecd. ii 60 y (called `cona', 62 x , y 0 ). do chuirsit na honcoin orra, Celt. Rev. iv 116.2 = na doburcoin, ib. 24 . a fulib drecon . . . is onchon is nathrach, Cog. 158.20 . le honchonaibh ifrinn, TSh. 3875. Used fig.: cuirfiter onchoin chucaibh o Athairni . . . .i. aer ┐ athais ┐ imdergad, RC xxiv 280 § 20 , cf. Anecd. ii 62 z . Esp. of warriors or heroes (common in later Mid.Ir. poetry, often in favourable sense): an onchú irghaili, CF 307. onchu gnimartach na nGaedhel, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). Mac M. . . . onchú ar engnamh, AFM iii 412.12 . onchu uilc . . . .i. Ceat mac Mághach, Keat. ii 3101. an dá onchoin da dtáinig aidhmhilleadh Éireann, 3199 . onchoin āthi atluma na Banba, Cog. 160.21 (of the Dál Cais). dorochratar a n-ársídhe urgaile ┐ a n-onchoin échtacha, TTr. 1079. onchoin Ḟánad, TD 4.42 . onchú éachtach (of death), TSh. 1160.

(b) a banner or standard , prob. orig. one on which an `onchú' was depicted (the accompanying adjectives are somet. more appropriate to the animal than to a standard): otconncatar Ulaid onchú Eogain ┐ na mergeda, LB 272b49 . amail línas gaoth onchú óbhél oslaicthi, TBC-LL¹ 3868 St. co facadar na hoincoin [honcona v.l.] obeli ┐ na mergeda, CCath. 3108. atconnairc . . . na honchona corpc[h]aela craesderga, 5434 . ri snám . . . na n-onchon n-idlaidi n-ingantach, LL 239a34 ( TTr. 1663 ). ag úaim oncon sleamhan sróil, ZCP ii 359.4 (Eochaidh Ó Heoghusa, 16th-17th cent.). onchu `a wolf-dog, a standard or ensign with the figure of a wolf . . . an able or strong man', P. O'C.

(c) as npr. m.: Onchú mac Sárán, BColm. 46.22 . asslondud án Onchon, Fél. July 9 . m. Onchon m. Faelchon, LL 317a55 . Doborchu m. Onchon, 313c16 .

1 oscar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 oscar or dil.ie/34060

Forms: oscur, hoscor, hoscuraib

n o, m. acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 615 a deriv. of scar-, scuir- `part, depart', the orig. meaning being `not belonging to the household', oppd. to 2 tascar `company'; the older form may be oscur (-or), cf. la hoscor , Rawl. 113a8 ; d p. hoscuraib, Laws i 30.29 Comm.

(a) an outsider, a new-comer or stranger : don baíth nó dond oscar (gl. idiotae, 1 Corinth. xiv 16 ), Wb. 12d16 ; `the ignorant one' Thes., but prob. an alternative explanation the outsider, i.e. unbeliever, cf. idiotae aut infideles , 1 Corinth. xiv 23. ní bu bronach int oscur (.i. int óegi), Hy. v 28 ( Thes. ii 334 ) = aíghe [sic leg.] uasal, Lism. L. 1250. Prob. also in follg.: alis Patricc fair óclach alaind .i. na bad oscair, Goid. 87 n. 17 (i.e. one not a stranger, belonging to a different tribe? = áliss P. . . . im damnae n-epscuip dia desciplib di Laignib, Thes. ii 241.7 , cf. 10 . The form oscair may represent an adj., cf. sonirt < nert). oscar .i. aoidhidh no fear én-uaire, O'Cl. P. O'C.

(b) a `lay' or non-professional person; an unskilled or ignorant person. int oscur (.i. . . . in tuata), Hy. v 28 (alternative gl.). oscar .i. aneolach, ut est o.¤ cach i ceird araili, O'Dav. 1326. neach oscor (.i. aineolach), ZCP v 484 § 9 (i.e. one uninitiated in Bérla na f.). rucus airnisi ṅgobann la hoscor (.i. cen goib- necht), Rawl. 113a8 ( ZCP xv 310 § 5 ). amail cach n-oscar, Laws ii 118 y (oppd. to skilled or professional craftsmen). is torbe do oscraib, Fél. Ep. 77 (`the ignorant', i.e. the laity, oppd. to `súid' sages, i.e. churchmen, 81 ). osgar amhrois (one igno- rant of the rules of poetry), Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 92 § 9 . Transf. of an animal: creabhar osccar antuiccseach `silly', BS 74.17 .

(c) a foe, enemy (esp. an unknown one or stranger): Dia . . . dom choimhed . . . ar athais, ar oscar, ZCP x 347 z . mad comaes nodcorad fris . . . ní bérad a oscur slán | coscur laích isa lechtain his opponent would not have carried off unscathed the spoils of the warrior whose grave is here, Metr. Dinds. iv 132. 19 (of Oenfer Aífe slain by his father). a glass ar oscaraib Erenn bolt against Erin's invaders, Bruchst. i § 31 = IT iii 73 § 30 . oscar .i. fear comhraic, O'Cl.

(d) in late poetry a warrior, hero (sense prob. influenced by npr. Oscar): do bhíodh dom oscar-sa . . . spor is lann is lannsa, Hackett xxxix 287. dorinn éacht nár fhéadsad osgair, Ó Bruad. ii 184.7 , cf. 94.14 .

sprecad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sprecad or dil.ie/38677

[u, m.] vn. of sprecaid.

(a) act of reprimanding, rebuking : d'éis a sbreagtha (sic leg.) ón Sbiorad Naomh (Paul), Dán Dé vi 32 . sbreagtha iomdha . . . | tug Íosa `reproaches', xvii 16 . mo sbreagadh fa char id cheann that I should be reproved for going against thee, xxiii 13 . sbreagadh gér goirt | dogebthar úaim | fán gcéirsigh ccaoil, Irish Texts i 28 § 31 . ní bhíu níos sia dot spreagadh, iv 105 § 20 . tuc D. spreccadh ┐ cursachadh go minic ar an bprocadoir, BNnÉ 209 § 63 . dith fine . . . ┐ spreccadh ┐ athais gach aoin orra (a curse), 257 § 215 . fuair spregadh mór tré chomhluadar do thabhairt do dhroich-rígh Israel, Mac Aingil 209.14 . tug an t-oide go minic a spregadh dhó, 330.2 . an tan thairgfeas duine oile spreagadh nó masla do thabhairt duit, Desid. 2432 . an peacach do spreagadh, Donlevy 196.6 .

(b) act of inciting, urging on, encouraging : s.¤ sochuide inciting the multitude (sign of bad pleading), Tec. Corm. § 22.16 = RC xlv 40 (spredadh, v.l.). tabhair arís 'na n-ínntinn spreacadh | le a mbainfid dá mbiodhbhadhaibh íoc 'na masla, Ó Bruad. i 46.11 . crann seóil seasmhach | spreagtha na slógh (of a leader), Hackett xl 28 .

See spracad.