Search Results

Your search returned 14 result(s).

? ad-athcomairc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ad-athcomairc or dil.ie/324

 

v (ath-a.) asks again: dene mo athcomarc . . . atum-athcomairc ask me . . . ask me again, RC xii 76 § 58 .

ad-comairc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-comairc or dil.ie/399

 

Forms: athchomarcaid, atom-athcomairc, athchomarc

v (* aith-com-arc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 457 ). Also as simple vb. athchomarcaid. asks, questions. Indic. pres. 3 s. dothaet . . . do thig a aite ┐ adcomaircc imbatar oegid isunn and asks if there were guests there, Rawl. 126b33 . ni athcomairc in dorsaid a thaidecht nonbar hi Caisil i.e. he may enter with a company of 9 without challenge from the door-keeper, Irish Texts i 20 § 11 . Pass. sg. ata aurba . . . nad aclaidead . . . adcomarcar uile `leave is asked about them all', Laws iv 154.21 . co natcomaircter nde cid ted, RC xiii 222.4 . Ipv. 2 s. atom-athcomairc ask me, RC xii 76 § 59 f. (the form may belong to a decompound, see ad-athchomairc (sic leg.), where a similar ex. from the same passage is given). Subj. pres. pass. sg. dia nathcomarcar in tan oslaicter . . . mana athcomarctar itir, Laws iv 156.10 . Impf. 3 pl. dus ind aith-comraictis banscale fris `whether women took counsel of him', Mon. Tall. 150.18 (§ 61) . Pret. 3 s. icad smacht na hoirgne . . . ar ni athcomarc for he did not ask leave, Laws iv 156.16 . Perf. 2 s. in scēl roathcomaircís. RC x 185.6 . 3 s. ma ro aithcomairc seom init bidbad do neoch isin tuaith ┐ ni ro ataim dó, O'Curry 609 (H 3. 18. 297). ro athcomhaircc an justis cia an mbratach, AFM v 1588.5 .

Vn. athchomarc .

annḟocal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. annḟocal or dil.ie/3713

 

Forms: annocal

n also annocal. some kind of cryptic saying, by-word: andḟocul habitual saying, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1944, 103 . conid annḟocal .i. Cú ┐ Ceithen, LL 3826 = gnathfocul, Dinds. 1 § 14 ( RC xv 281 ). annfocal .i. gnath fhocal, O'Cl. anfocal .i. focul gnáthach, Ériu xiii 63 § 27 . ba ha.¤ d'feraibh Érenn . . . a athcomarc diaroile, `An gus an Magh cCetna bertar an cíos . . .', Leb. Gab.(i) 76.24 . ba hé . . . a hannacol (hannocul v.l.) . . . maccain congair in aird cheoil / sech nin athgēn nimathgeoin, Mór M. 3 . iss ed dī andfocal (sic leg.) robói i m-bélaib in t-slúaig oc denam in tócuir: cuire i lláim tochra i llaim . . ., LU 10819 . Note also: iss e seo annofocla(?) boí ocá muintir . . . cuirthe i lland tochre i lland, etc., 10879 = is e seó and foclai, Ériu xii 182 § 11 (TE). ba é a hannacul: it crína indiu mo chrúi etc. (Ailill Ólom lamenting his forsaken state), RC xiii 460 § 60 . ba hé a hannacol Maic Con indíeid a drúith, § 61. ba hé a hannacol Saidbe (lamenting the death of Art), § 62 .

athchomarc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchomarc or dil.ie/4713
Last Revised: 2013

 

o vn. of ad-comairc. act of asking, enquiry; request, question: arrufoitea epistli uaidib som co n-aidchomarcaib cucisom gl. questionibus, Wb. 9d14 . ail dam ní d'a.¤ huait, SR 1205 . tiagair di a.¤ Cano, Anecd. i 4.18 . arfoemad . . . aithcomarc neich dond áos fuirbti `he would sometimes allow holy persons to consult him', Mon. Tall. 135. 23 (§ 23) . manibé nech aile bes lór laiss . . . do athcomarc fris `if there be no one else of sufficient authority for him to consult with', 160.20 (§ 79) . fritamgair céin . . . / . . . / is ed a.¤ is nesam / dūin diar cobhair, ACL iii 294 § 11 . docuas . . . dia athcomarc dia Mathair dus a ndingned olc, YBL 137a21 . no bíd Poir oc a.¤ Alaxandir dona míledu asking the soldiers about A., Alex. 763 . ba hannfhocal d'feraibh Érenn . . . a athcomarc diaroile an . . ., Leb. Gab.(i) 76.24 . acc á.¤ scél ndó, AFM v 1864.4 . Sense not clear in: cia lin a.¤ fil im cach ernail dibh? . . . a tri . . . roscadh ┐ fasach ┐ testemain, Cóic Con. 26 § 3 . Cf. cóir n-athchomairc below.

In phrases. cenn athchomairc chief counsellor: conda ragbat fir Herend do chomarlid ┐ do chind athchomairc dóib, LU 9665 . ticfea in chaindel do muintir Dé . . . bes chenn n-athchomairc don tua[i]th sea .i. Senán, Trip.² 2427 . iarna comairle re cenn athchomairc bes accu, Laws iii 36.17 Comm. co cend n-athchomairc Muman, co brithem Caisil, Ériu iii 140.157 . ceand áthcomhairc Gearaltach, AFM v 1762.1 . ? Cf. co agu athcomairc, O'D. 1958 ( Eg. 90, 7(8)ab ).

Cóir n-athchomairc, name of one of the procedures used in deciding a law case, see Cóic Con. p. 3 , 10 - 11 . coic conara fugill fegaiter and .i. fir et dliged, cert ┐ techta ┐ coir n-athchomairc, Cóic Con. 15 § 1 . .v. sreth failsigthi na [con]aire fugill is choir n-athchomairc: coir n-athchomairc do-eclannar im cach solam sonaisc, acht ar-dloma deruisc fir foglamma fiss i.e. cóir n-a.¤ is chosen in a case which has been well-prepared and for which suitable guarantees have been given, provided this is the decision of one learned in law, 22 § 18 and p. 80. coic slechta .xx.et in chorusa fine, is ed acarair forin chonair fugill is choir n-athchomairc, 23 § 20. is siat a n-airge . . . raith fri techta, aitiri caomtachta fri coir n-athcomairc, § 21. ┐ ara ind hi as cetharda fris ngaibther athgabail: fir ┐ dligid, cert ┐ techta ┐ coir n-athcomairc; ar in coir n-athcomuirc is ainm coitcend doib uile du i mbeth corai fechemoin fri aithcomarc a breithi don breithemuin, Laws i 258.20 Comm. (cf. Cóic Con. p. 79 ). aidire caomtechta fri coir nathcomairc, 282.8 Comm. ecoir n-athcomairc, Cóic Con. 28R . cis lir gealla athcomairc? .i. o fechemuin ata na gealla so acht da geall o cintach nama, Laws ii 94.y . menma athchomairc `an enquiring mind', Tec. Corm. § 3.6 .

Cen a.¤ without (asking) permission: cach dichmairc .i. cach errach berar o neoch cen athcomarc , Laws ii 352.24 Comm. cen a.¤ don gillu, LU 5551 (TBC). gan a.¤ gan fhiafraigidh dá athair, AFM vi 2230.z . co ná diccseadh aon táirsibh . . . gan a.¤ `without examination', 1896.9 . ístait coin allta do chorp / isin écht gan athc[h]omarc wolves shall eat thy body for this deed without asking questions i.e. without more ado, ZCP xii 391.13 . Hence in sense of permission, consent: ind raibi athcomarc lat? `didst thou ask permission ?' Mon. Tall. 135.28 (§ 24) . munab athcomairc tuaithi teis .i. manab amlaidh dech inte arna a.¤ do da tuaith, O'Curry 2192 ( Eg. 88, 7(8)c ) `unless he goes with the consent of his tribe', Plummer MS. notes.

Sense not clear (perh. guard-house Celtica xviii 98 ) in: cethri doruis airri im-mach / . . . / frisin tetblai . . . / frisin cetna [a]thchomarcc (of the lawn of heaven), SR 407 . tri athchomairc cech doruis / . . . / fri cach clothalt . . . / a.¤ for cach oenmúr, 461 .

breithem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithem or dil.ie/6699
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: brithem, breitheamh, breitheam, brithemnu

n n, m., later also o, m. O. Ir. brithem (breth). breitheamh, m., IGT Decl. § 51.

Judge (gl. iudex, arbiter in Wb., Ml. breitheam gl. arbiter, Ir. Gl. 366 ). Lit. `maker of judgments', Lat. iuris consultus, Críth G. p. 79 , and in legal texts usu. in the wider sense of jurist, (`brehon' in the published Laws), whose functions could include that of adjudicating . See also Binchy, Ériu xviii 45. In religious literature, frequently of God or Christ : atá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . ní áis æccalsa ata brithemin lib, 9c7 . fírbrithem gl. Dominus, 8d25 . brithem . . . .i. Crist gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . in aimsir inna mbritheman, Ml. 104a8 . brithem firianamam gl. arbiter . . . æquissimus, 94b6 . 92a15 . dond fírbrithemain gl. cognitori, 26c11 . fírbrithem gl. iudicem, 27c1 . suide bri[th]emon gl. tribunal ( Acts xxv 10 ), Thes. i 498.17 . aimser breitiman, Hib. Min. 4.5 . in brithem firén (viz. God), LU 1999 ( FA 6 ). tri brithemain ind rig sin, 7630 (BDD). a brithemnu (v p.), LL 36440 ( RC xxi 380.12 ). hi cathair bretheman `in the judge's seat', Ériu iv 128.15 . dul doib co cend n-athchomairc Muman co brithem Caisil, iii 140.6 . Daniel fáith . . . brethem cundail na senoire = iudicem . . . senum, PH 5587. doïb bas brithem dia brātha (i.e. Pátraic), ACL iii 303 § 3. do bretheamh choitcenn roæntuighseatt eatarra C. `that C. should be arbitrator between them', Lism. L. 2532. breitheamh breabóideach, TSh. 6787. b.¤ aislingthi ` interpreter of dreams (of Maelcaba Cleirech)', MR 10.5 . ollam britheman, LL 3722.

In legal texts: atáa mí (sc. mí sílta) nád n-imthet rí acht cethrur . . . rí ┐ brithem ┐ dias i manchuini, Críth G. 537. i faitche . . . breitheamun aird, Laws ii 16.12 . ni breitheamh nach Seanchaidh, ┐ ni Seanchaid nach bretheamh i mBreathaibh Nimeadh .i. leabhar deridh ṡaothair na Seanchadh ┐ na mbretheamhan bheos, MS. Mat. 575. 17 - 20 , Ériu xiii 7 n.1 . a reir brithemon, Laws iv 212.3 . daernemed tra, saeir . . . ┐ legi ┐ breitemain, v 90.20 . foirbeir saeiri breathemain ┐ sair corigi biatad da fear deg, ┐ cug seoit dec i n-a diri, 30 `the franchise of jurists . . . increases etc.', PRIA xxxvi (C) 277 § 37 . dú imbet coir fechamain fri athcomarc a brethe don b.¤ where there are competent parties to question the judge on his judgment (Thurn.), Cóic Con. 57 § 133. breitem teora mbret .i. bret feni ┐ breth filed ┐ breath berla bain `a brehon of three judgments' (has increase of refection and díre), Laws v 92.16 . breitheam tri mberla, coimdiri do fri hoiri tuise, 100.16 . secht mbreitheamain nad fuigliter la Feine seven jurists to whom a case is not brought in Irish law, 352.17 . ni hed dlegur don breitheamuin a radh i ndlegur no na dlegur in cin, ii 52.20 Comm. a nord mbretheman `in the Brehon code', iii 30.z. oc dun breitheaman na tuaiti `the Brehon of the territory', iv 106.2 Comm. Note also: mac breitheman tuaithe `a lay brehon', AFM v 1710.8 .

Compd. ceann brughadh is breitheamhmaicne, DDána 89.13 .

1 bronnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bronnaid or dil.ie/6978
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: bria, briathar

v pres. subj. 3 s. ro bria , O'Dav. 300 ; pass. ro briathar , 287 , 314 , Laws iv 100.7 , v 168.15 (cited below). See GOI § 610 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 54 , ii § 673 , Études Celt. xix 152-53, xxv 128-29 .

(a) spends, consumes (seems orig. meaning of the wd., Plummer MS. notes): cóic méich fichet . . . is ed ro bronnad frisna cóic fichtiu bargen is what was used for the . . . loaves, LU 8126 ( FB 9 ). robronnat nád rothrebat `they (women) lavish what they cannot husband' (spend or waste ?), Tec. Corm. § 16.98 . ? fir [bu]ada bronnait a mbaill / tomailt tuara síl Conaill, Ériu viii 70.11 . molt linas cach toll, Laws ii 254.2 .i. bis ina inathar da brondith when it grazes (?), 15 Comm. Intrans. forruim a choiss forsind leicc / maraith a és, ní bronna `it wears not away (?),' Thes. ii 310.2 (Hy. ii).

(b) injures, damages: ma fer etháim ro brondad and `if it be rich grass that has been spoiled', Laws iv 94.22 Comm. mad anfine imorro no-dm-bera di-a bronnad, ┐ ro brondustar, is lan-dire, etc. (of seized cattle), v 446.10 Comm. ní ro briathar la cach ín ala ar coin ┐ ceachair ┐ ceathras (of injury to cattle in common pasturage), iv 100.7 Comm. for aithgin neich bronnair ann (grass, etc.), 98.16 Comm. aithgin neich ro briathar ann `for what is damaged therein', v 168.15 . brí .i. brisster, ut est diablad n-aithgina neich ro briathar .i. diablad sin boin bristi, O'Dav. 287. [-]bria .i. brisi, [ut est] cia robria ord for inneoin `though he break', 300 . geall dobeir nemidh, ┐ brondaid inti di-a tabar `the person to whom it is given damages it', Laws v 216.12 Comm. bri .i. bronnadh . . . sét imamberar cen athcomarc ma robriathar .i. madia mbronntar, O'Dav. 314. cia bronntar indi whatever is damaged in it (a bed), Críth G. 234. ? tri on brethemon briatar . . . baes ┐ aneolus ┐ eitges three blemishes . . . which destroy (?), O'Curry 20 (H. 3.18, 9a) (Briathrach, ZCP xii 363.2 ).

Vn. 1 bronnad.

1 comann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 comann or dil.ie/10729

 

n o cattle-pound: bid gach ae fo leith ina cumann cóir (of different classes of quadrupeds), Laws i 268.21 . baicc do echaib acht serrchu, is comand do suidiub, ii 118.9 Comm. do agatar hi comund iar lau co naidche, 11 Comm. cin fascc ndlitheach uadh re caithe no cumunn bristi `of trespass or broken pound', 50.15 Comm. fuaslucad athgabala .i. . . . a cobann cen athcomarc `to release a distress from a pound', v 478.11 Comm. Cf. gobang.

díchmairc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díchmairc or dil.ie/16128

 

n (comarc) without asking, without permission (absol. or with i n-, folld. by gen. of pers.): dicmairc .i. cin athcomarc , Corm. Y 485 . dóig 's a d.¤ a athar dodechaid in mac bec without his father's leave, TBC-LL¹ 5576 (a ndicmairc, St., a ndichmhairc, H). d.¤ a athar, TBC-I¹ 3373 . luid D. for aithed dichmaircc hUlad without asking leave of the Ulstermen, IT i 143 = can ḟis do Ultaib, ZCP v 500 . Hence unpermitted or unlawful act (esp. of using or appropriating the property of another without leave): co cléir nád char d.¤ that loved not lawlessness, Fél. Aug. 16 . diam d.¤ (.i. can fiarfaighidh d'fir bunaidh, p. 172), Laws i 166 . ma d.¤ , iv 156 . asrenar aithguin cach d.¤ (.i. cach errach berar o neoch cen athcomarc), ii 352 . na maith nach d.¤ , v 466 . cen acht fo mám aurlatad, | cen d.¤ co bás, Ériu iii 106 . cen nach nd.¤ , 96 . rodilga Dia don fraic | ina nderna do d.¤ , Anecd. ii 31 , cf. Moling § 26 . nech rofindadar ní do goí no d.¤ fadesin who is conscious of any falsehood or unlawful gains, Ériu vii 158 § 19 . nech imberoibra d.¤ praindi . . . ara brathair who filches some of his brother's pittance, 148 . omun d.¤ fear of doing anything outside the rule, LB 260b83 . As attrib.: fuatach d.¤ abduction without consent, Laws iii 540 . bleith d.¤ `grinding without permission', v 474 , cf. iii 234.19 . dufuetar an obul dichmair (leg. -mairc) the forbidden apple, Ériu vii 164 . rī rocēs croich coirtar doine ndicmairc, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 12 (but cf. doine digmaig, ib. 10). an trú | dár dhíochmharc uatha an t-onchú `to whom the leopard-like prince was as spoils to be seized', Ó Bruad. iii 50 . diochmairc .i. goid, O'Cl. díochmhairc goid, Metr. Gl. 24 . As n.pr. m. Cóir Anm. 286 . Coirpre Dichmaircc, Rawl. 119a10 . mac Dichmairc, BB 142a22 . Lec. 230b48 .

frecomus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frecomus or dil.ie/24270

 

n u, m. (frith-com-mess) lit. `calculating, taking measures against' hence

(a) keeping watch, guarding: f.¤ .i. comét, O'Dav. 922 . ri foraire ┐ ri freccomas i n-iathaib bidbad, LL 171b30 ( CRR 6 ).

(b) query (?) ; reservation, precaution (?) : f.¤ .i. ... fiarfaige, ut est ata dá f.¤ i cairde .i. da fircoimét uais nó da frecmaic isin cairde .i. na garmanna anacail, O'Dav. 922 . f.¤ .i. imcomarc ... atat da freccomus i cairde, H 3.18, 81a ( Phil. Soc. Trans. 209 ). O'Mulc. 594 . atait da recomus [plene] dono a cairde .i. atait da fir-athcomarc uais isin cairde : asbeir in fer cairde ... nacham-beir co haes cairde (.i. do denam fogla) ┐ asbeir o ricc (.i. in baile) in fuil nech do aes cairde taetsat [leg. taet] as ┐ bid anacal doib There are two precautionary questions (?) in a treaty of friendship, the friend says: do not bring me (to plunder) those with whom I have a treaty, and when he reaches (the place) he says are there any with whom there is a treaty [if so] let them come forth and they shall have protection, (in a statement on the legal aspect of plundering persons protected by covenant) H 3.18, p. 262a ( O'Curry 522 ). These exx., in which f.¤ is either plene or with us symbol for ultimate, do not support Mac Neill's plausible emendation, frecmarc, Ériu xi 115 .

fris-indlea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fris-indlea or dil.ie/24367

 

Forms: frisninnlethar

v ā (indell; cf. frestlaid) in follg. exx. the under-lying sense seems to be meets, answers to, serves (a purpose, etc.), deals with (a piece of work); of persons, waits on, encounters, deals with (both in friendly sense and the reverse): in son frita indle la grecu (gl. interpretatio eorum apud Graecos, i.e. the Greek equivalent for them) Sg. 213a3 . ind .u. consain lasin Laitneoir is fern frisnindleastar [leg. -indlea] lasin nGaoidel ut est uir .i. fer ( i.e. Gaelic f corresponds to Lat. v), Corm. Y 576 . ni cluas donidnaig acht is trea donidnathur ┐ is í frisnindle the ear does not transmit it [the tradition] but it is through it that it is transmitted and it is it that receives and handles it H 3.18, 360b ( Laws i 37n ). dun aigni frisindli breth `the advocate who prepares [`dem ein Richterspruch entspricht' Thurn. Ir. Recht 47n .] judgment' Laws v 92.2 Comm. For the meaning of a.f.b. cf. further: in t-aidhni airberta ic toicid ┐ ac toxal do rigaib ... ┐ in t-aigni frisnindli breth ic feicemnus ima caingin, Laws v 100 Comm. in t-aídni frisnindli breth .i. noco n-uil acht glanadh ┐ cinnedh luig [sic B and Y; H 3.18, 178a has `luic' which is perh. correct, although this text is inaccurate in some places] ┐ aincesa atarru ┐ in t-ollam, Laws v 100.22 where the last sentence, rendered `between him and the ollam = distinguishing him from the ollam' i.e. the `glanad' etc. do not lie within his province, but within that of the ollam . Thurneysen's: `... der bestimmt mit dem Richter zusammen, welche Eide, etc., Ir. Recht 47 n. 8 , if it is a rendering of this passage is not entirely correct.

Of law-students: ma ra foglainnsetar condat aigneda frisnindle breith, Ir. Recht 46w . aigni frisninnle brith fer son taurrig tacrai fri bruinne brithi. asbeir fris aigni adgair: aigni dom air so corraib do lethi lim indiu imm in les[s]a; taurrigsidi tacra ... ┐ adsuidhi cin athcomarc do brethemain ┐ berair breth fair. ise fer in sin beras le[th]trian aroir taccra. belrai feni lais uile acht tulbretha ┐ ainches mbrethe. cuic seotu dec huaid do fiur forid cain ┐ a gairi ┐ a recht. ... ┐ is e in fersa agair o tosach [ = thoísech] tuaithi ┐ o brethemain ┐ o rig acht gnima r[e]achtairi ┐ ni beir baa o brethemain acht a folta. a les ria cach les ..., H 3.18, 375b ( O'Curry 813 ). In Laws i 290.32 : aigne frisninnle imuig represents: aigne f.¤ imuig, H 3.17, 108y (O'D.) = aighne fethamnuis amuigh, O'Curry 2697 ( Eg. 88 59 ).

Crist frisinnle mo chesta, Hy vi 9 , with gl. .i. rofrithaile, .i. dóene [leg. do-né] C. frithindel mo chest `may Christ prepare my pleadings' Thes., `may he draw up the statement of my case' Lib. Hymn. Gloss . deithbir dam ce phrisinliu tuaslugud mo tire a tuinidhiu tarrachtain, H 3.18, 18a ( ZCP xii 364 ). frisindle chaindill do deicse dus in bruithe in tairr, Corm. Bodl. s.v. lethech ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 27 ) = frisnindle, Corm. Y p. 70 .

With pers. obj.: iar céssad ... frisindled la haingliu `was attended by' Fél. May 23 . frisindle in coin cona díb lámaib ( tackles, grapples with ) LU 5012 . a ndosreng fris a laim, fritninnle in ben asin tsid a woman of the elf-mound encountered him (i.e. caught him on the other side ?) RC xxv 344.6 . Pass. impers. frisninnlethar ó ogbhaidh na Saxan ... do granaoibhlibh ... a gunnadaibh (of returning a volley of musketry), Hugh Roe 216.6 (f. 57b) .

Vn. fresndal, cf. frestal.

1 íar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íar or dil.ie/26931
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: iar, ier, iar, ar, iar, érsná, er, ier, iar, ar, iarsin, érsná, iarmut, iarma, íarma, iarmu, iarmo, iarmaib, arnam, iarna, iarnar, íarnar, íar, iarna, íar, íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas

nasalising prep. with dat. Forms: O.Ir. iar, ier; Mid. Ir. iar, ar: iar, Wb. 4a27 . Sg. 161b5 . érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . er, Sg. 197b10 . er cul Peter Apstel, Thes. ii 289.18 . ier, Thes. ii 240.20 , 24 (Ardm.). Hib. Min. 420 (H). CCath. 3475. Leb. Gab.(i) 88.x . ZCP viii 108.9 . Fl. Earls 166.16 . iar, Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . AFM vi 2372.17 . ar, Maund. § 11. Fl. Earls 178.9 .

With article: sg. iarsin tairgiriu, Wb. 19c3 . iarsin chumung, 16c19 . iarsind urd, Fél. Prol. 279. iarsind aeor, SR 2134. iarsint ṡligi, ScM. § 1.13 . íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. īarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22.20 . pl. érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . iarsna reaib, Laws iv 230.z . iarnaib ... bliadnaib, 176.5 . iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.14 .

With pron. suff.: s. 2 iarmut, Ml. 70c15 . s. 3 m. and n. íarum q.v. (used only adverbially). Later O. and Mid. Ir. iarma, TBC-I¹ 1455. PH 7121 , 5654 . íarma: (bliadna), Todd Lect. iii 154 § 3. iarmu, IT i 120.30 . iarmo, PH 4673. pl. 3 iarmaib, SR 4776. IT iii 70 § 23.

With poss.: s. 1 arnam crádh, IGT Decl. ex. 223. arn-am choimmeas, TSh. 328. s. 3 m. and n. iarna hiris, Wb. 5c24 . íarna míad, Críth G. 83. air na chruthughadh, Donlevy 58.27 . f. iarna beím, ScM. § R 18 . pl. 1 iarnar sóirad, Wb. 14c7 . íarnar n-imchosait, LU 8080. pl. 2 íar far toimtin-si, Wb. 20a14 . pl. 3 iarna ndichennad, LU 9018.

With rel. (no ex. in O. Ir. Glosses): in sét iarsa tancatar, PH 7036. na da bethaid iarsa fhognann ..., 3546 .

Folld. by acc. instead of dat.: iarsin mbaigse, Fél. Ep. 315 v.l. iarsin mbethaid sin, PH 4669. iarsna gnimu mora, 1399 .

I Of time.

(a) Folld. by subst., vn. or pron. after: mad slaán in ball iarna galar `after its sickness,' Wb. 12b11 . massu cut séitchi rocretis na scarad frit iar cretim `let her not part from thee after believing,' 10a29 . iar ndígbail in tinfith `after taking away the aspiration,' Sg. 9a16 . dia treise íar fócru on the third day after notice, Críth G. 84. iar compert din spirad naob, Mon. Tall. 127.11 . mairc damsa ría cách, mairg íar cách, BDD² 731. íar ndénum in brothchán do-bert a máthair dí, 66 . dósom ┐ dia manchaib iar n-a écc, Lat. Lives 24.13 . iar feis di la Eochaid, IT i 121.26 . iar tregtad a chridi na chlíab, TBC-LL¹ 2036. iarsin mbethaid-sin ... `post hanc uitam,' PH 4669. ar techtt do Séith o pharrdus mar a roibi a athuir fúair ar faghbáil báis é `he found him dead,' Maund. § 11. in tan ... at[c]onncatar na fogmoraigh iar caithem a shoighet é, Stair Erc. 594. an lá air na mhárach the following day, Donlevy 486.6 . in pāpa ar n-īc a ttinnscra the Pope having paid their dowry, Fl. Earls 178.9 . `on condition that': tug a anam do iar n-anmain aigi na oglach indraic co bas, Stair Erc. 2554.

(b) With various substantives denoting time: íar cind aimsire léicid Cormac ... `after a time,' BDD² 64. tuidecht i n-Érinn íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain § 32. ticfa már-gein íar mbethaib `after ages,' § 26 . gabsat Érinn iar n-edaib (v.l. ndedaib)? `at intervals,' Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . dia ro goireadh O Neill iar ttrioll `who was afterwards styled O'Neill,' AFM vi 2372.17 .

(c) Combines with pronouns and some substantives to form adverbs: íar sin, íar sain then, thereupon, after that, thereafter: dutét iarsin dia chennadich `then he comes to his province,' Thes. ii 240.13 . at-chíusa íar sin sainslabra sainigthi remib then I see, BDD² 462. dogníthea airig doib íar sin comdar reachtaidi uile, 101 . deisidh C. ina suidhe iar sin thereupon , ScM. § R 13 . ní bu chían íarsin coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain § 62. ro fallsighed do cach ní no biad iarsin `all that would be thereafter,' RC xxiv 192.2 . íar sodain after that, then: scaraid B. friu iar sodain, LU 8155. conid iar sodain ro gab ina glaic, 9070 . lotor ass íarsodhain, Hugh Roe 20.4 . íar suidiu after this, hereafter: ránic Patricc iersuidiu `after this came Patrick,' Thes. ii 240.20 . lotar íarum dochum nAlban ┐ ortadar a n-orcain and, ┐ ath-ralsat íar suidhi dochum nÉrenn, BDD² 428. bá iar sudiu conacrad Ailill do Chonchobur, LU 8744. in cauradmir ... do fodail fón slóg uile innocht ┐ techt immi iar sudiu hereafter , 8214 . lotar deisell arnauárach go D.... Lotar īar suidhiu do cill Monach, ZCP viii 106.28 . íar sunn hereupon: is íar sunn doinscanat gráda inna flaithe it is after this that the noble classes begin, Críth G. 315. íar tain afterwards, then (may refer either to past or fut. time): ciasu iartain rocet `though it was sung afterwards,' Ml. 2b6 . gair biuc iartain `shortly afterwards,' Sg. 147a7 . ro soich in rí iartain dochum na hingeni afterwards the king went, IT i 120.15 . má adcetha Aircthech íar tain, Imr. Brain § 12. co ro thuismiset iar tain so that afterwards they begot, SR 2403. dús inn imgabaind iar tain | Coinculaind mac Sualtaig `um zu sehen, ob ich ... vermeiden könnte,' TBC-LL¹ 488. is and-side ro-m-adnaiced-sa fen iar-tain `where I myself was afterwards laid,' PH 1533. ro-ádnacht tra a dá ingen, in da noem óig iar cén máir iar-tain `his daughters, the two holy virgins, were buried long after,' 2565 - 6 . ba dércach trócar ... ernaigtech in tí Longínus iar-tain thereafter , 684 . ro scail Ercuil de iar d[t]ain `and then H. loosed him,' Stair Erc. 359. íar céin after some time: in chaingnímai aili is iarceín rofinnatar `it is after a time that the other good deeds are discovered,' Wb. 29a30 . ro aintadaigsetar iar cein | sil Seth ocus clann Caeïn, SR 2401. ri dorat Seth soer iarcein | d'Adaum inn-inad n-Abeil, 2009 . da-nid da leith don duine ┐ ni cluined co hiarcen `he would not hear it till long afterwards,' Aen. 1936. íarsind úair after a while, presently: is mo chendsa ceta-imchoichertthar and íarsind úair iter feirtsib carpat, BDD² 732. íar n-úair in turn: déca cach ingnad ar n-úair, LU 3605. do cach budin ar [n-]úair, 2025 . ni for amlesaib in tṡlúaig | ber-sa cach fordul ar n-úair, TBC-LL¹ 487. go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh an taobhochta `then let me think of Mary ...,' Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .

(d)

(i) íar + vn. + gen. has the sense of a past participle pass. or, in ref. to future time, of a fut. perf. participle pass. The agent is introduced by do: hícc sochuide tre precept iarnar sóirad `after our deliverance,' Wb. 14c7 . iar nemfadbail fire daoine `when the tests of men have not been procured,' Laws iv 294.7 Comm. iarna breith `having been born,' Fél. Ep. 119. iar tarmthecht dún `after we had transgressed,' SR 1559. in ndaraig móir ... iarna beím dó asa fremaib, Sc.M² R §18. iar ngabail righe d'Eochaid, IT i 118.8 . ni boí occosom do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichennad when once they should be beheaded, LU 9018. íarnar n-imchosait do Bricrind after B. shall have set us at loggerheads, 8080 . in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386. ar ndol dó isteagh san gceardchain `after he had gone in,' TSh. 313. delb Iustiníanuis impir ... ar na órud ` gilded ,' Maund. § 8. ionmhuin troigh a-tá ar n-a goin that has been wounded, DDána 26 § 24. atá arna tionól sonna `here is gathered,' Studies 1919, 438 § 3 . in fínemhain iarna freacar `when cultivated,' Stair Erc. 496.

(ii) íar + vn. + gen. dependent on vn. has also the force of a past participle pass.: iar marbhadh a righ `their king having been slain,' Stair Erc. 738. ar caithem na mís sin doibh `after they had passed that month,' 1038 . iar forba in morgnima so do E. `after H. had completed,' 373 .

(iii) When the vn. is beith, íar mbeith means being: iar nembeith cethra nocho `when he has not cattle,' Laws iv 264.22 . iar mbeith ag teitheadh do A. `while A. was fleeing,' TSh. 999. air mbeith dhamh go tromdha, tuirseach I being ..., Donlevy 288.9 . ar mbeith F. uasa cinn `since Ph. was above him,' Stair Erc. 342.

II Of place.

(a) across, along used both of movement across and of position along (e.g. along the edge of ...): traigh a leithead tis iar n-ichtar along the bottom, Laws iv 112.4 . airtem a leithet a crui iar n-airthur `a fist with the thumb extended being the breadth of its fork in front,' (i.e. across the front), ii 238.15 . a crich iar fut, iar lethet in its length and breadth, SR 2640. do deochaid Moisi ... for teched ... | iar tírib, iar slichtib srath, 3735 . conḟacca Euá... | iarsind aeor do noebnim | tri heoin gela through the air, 2134 . oc techt īar fraīchrud Mide síar across the heath, ScM. § 20.5 . oc ascnom íar Slige Chúaland, BDD² 288. scéith ... co círbachlaib co n-esnadaib crédumai iarna tóebaib along the sides of them. TBFr. 40. foracabsat a lungai isin inbiur ┐ dodechotar iar tír, Lat. Lives 5.1 . conacci a dochum in fer isin charput íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. dolluid Eogan ... iarsind ḟaidche, IT i 76.3 . dolinged míl mbec iarsin lind dochum a bél across the liquid?, LU 10598. saighet tenedh do thuidhecht iar fut Laighen across Leinster, AU i 476.7 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí along his left thigh, TBC-LL¹ 5287. clar airgit ... co n-aireccur ōir...fair...iar n-imechtair `along the outside,' CCath. 5232. íar n-oraib na long `along the edges of the ships,' TTr.² 893. robarta tond tūargabar īar tóib betha blāi, Ériu vii 2.25 . bleogan ... do lēcad īarsan abaind `adown the river,' ii 22.20 . a troigthi ar n-ichtur ┐ a n-aigthi ar n-uachtur, TTebe 3069 . d' faixin in chaislēin ier n-inmhedhón on the inside, Fl. Earls 108.x . 166.16 .

(b) beyond, on the farther side of: lodar ... siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn iar nErinn beyond Ireland, Anecd. i 18.6 . co rochtus iarum inis nGlúairi iar nIrrus Domnand, Ériu iv 140.15 . i Síd Nenta iar n-usciu, Metr. Dinds. ii 8.92 . iar múr amuig, i 4.35 .

íar cúl behind: a mbís iarna chúul dind séit `what part of the way lies behind him,' Wb. 24a17 . laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690. co cúala a ceól íarna chúl `behind him,' Imr. Brain § 2. ro cumrigthe a lláma iarna cúl behind her back, IT i 76.11 . ind raibi athcomarc lat iar do chúl ria tudechd húc `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave before coming hither?', Mon. Tall. 135.28 . cumma no ṡliged iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . an droch-nós do bhí 'na dhúthaigh do chor ar gcúl `to put aside,' TSh. 359.

III Abstract meanings.

according to, in respect of, by reason of: iár fír ` truly ,' Wb. 16a7 . amal dondbeir do cách iarna hiris `according to his faith,' 5c24 . ar n-athir iar colinn gl. secundum carnem, 2b23 . iar ndoinacht, Ml. 17d3 . sech ba huaisliu intí forchongair iar n-aicniud `though he that orders were naturally the superior,' Sg. 161b5 . co mbí bés a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 83. nad imdich dethbiri iar ndia ocus duine `which necessity does not save according to God and man,' Laws ii 2.7 . iar th'intliucht, iar do glanchéil, SR 1582. noda sloindet íarum iarna slontib fíraib, TBFr. 66. .ix. ngrad nime íarna cémennaib ┐ íarna n-urd, LU 1977. iar forcetul in apstail, PH 4179. ar sēna féin imm ar ndeilb cid iar fírinni bem though we be in the right, Mer. Uil. 9. bid iar cōir a ōegedecht, ACL iii 313 § 11. do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar coitchenn in general , ZCP viii 331.10 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3. do Fearaib Bolg iat iar ngenelach `by race,' Ériu ii 182.1 .

Of authority, source, etc.: iar n-arsidib `according to the ancients,' Sg. 57b1 . mad iar ceill Cirine `if after the opinion of Jerome,' Hib. Min. 291. iar foirinn aili `according to others,' BColm. 56.28 . iar n-Augustin, PH 6436.

IV= íarum: do haithleaghadh iar i dtriathfhuil Éirionnach, Ó Bruad. ii 144.18 . aithneas iar nár chéim crithre `then she learned ...,' 120.5 . Cf. iar .i. na dhiadh, O'Cl.

V Prefixed to nouns and adjectives, íar nasalises and has the meaning after , e.g. íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas. A few examples show lenition, e.g. íarshliss.

For íarsindí see under 4 í.

imbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbert or dil.ie/27300
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: imirt

n ā, f. imirt f. IGT Decl. § 42. vn. of imm-beir.

(a) act of using, employing, acting; a usage, behaviour, act: tri imberta inna faidsine `usages (?),' Ml. 81c6 . fíach aibne imbert usci the obligation of the scourge (is) the use of water (i.e. washing is compulsory after scourging), Ériu iii 102 § 30. líach leis ... ilar na laech ... cena n-imbirt fri dighail a athair `sad he deemed it that the crowd of valiant heroes ... should not be employed in avenging his father,' TTr.² 215. ar na dernad nech a himirt ar in ni na bud leis bodein so that no one should make use of it for what was not his own ?, Laws v 478.z Comm. nī da roichedh 'na láim clī | ... nocha soiched 'na láim deis | gan a imirt gan ēisleis (in praise of Colm C.), ZCP vii 304 § 13 (= brondadh, BCC 448.21 ). nír'som mín muinterdha in imbeirt (airimmirt, frithailim v.ll.) dorónsat ic frestul na slógh `the preparation which they made,' CCath. 1709. laechesa ar aicme bethi iarsin imraet (no imirt) cetna `heroines for group B after the same procedure (or method),' Auraic. 5718. ni himirt mhæthmacaib (leg. —macaim) do-berar ort adrasda treatment, ZCP viii 529.13 . olc ind imbeirt sochraiti sin `bad is that act of friendship (?),' RC xiii 458 § 57. cach dichmairc .i. imirt cen athcomarc `acting without asking permission,' Laws ii 352.13 Comm. gibe sccela do thiucfadh anoir i mBeltaine imirt abhus dia reir `should be acted upon here,' AFM vi 2044.x . baí ag imirt doghrés a hucht na bainrioghna `who always acted on behalf of the queen,' AFM vi 2266.1 .

(b) the act of moving about ?: se fein ic a imbirt ocus ic a fothraccadh isna linntip dubfolae `wallowing and bathing,' CCath. 6060. in uair do-chonnaic Láegh ... Cú Ch. 'gá imirt (fhothrogad v.l.) tháinic dá innsaighi, Comp. CC 110 § 41. Hence intransitively: ag imirt ó thaobh go taobh 's ag ionnfairt, Midnight court 718. ( ZCP v 223 ).

(c) the act of handling or plying a weapon, tool, etc.: oc imbert [in gae], Trip.² 770. ó nach raibh ar a chumus arm d'imirt, Ériu i 87 § 33. gabais C. glés n-imberthae airm forru, BDD² 1411. condricfa a n-imbirt for slúag (of arms), TBC-LL¹ 275. dos-fic fallscudh feirgi ┐ áilgius imberta a n-iaraind `and the craving to wield their weapons,' CCath. 621. ro cuadar for imbeirt a scíath, `they resorted to pressing forward their bucklers' (of men in close combat), 1995 . nech padh calmai fri laimimbertai cloidib `good at sword-play,' RC xii. 72 § 44. léiciud ón co forgabáil, cenéle n-imberta gaiscid a certain manner of wielding arms ? TBFr. 237. níor chleacht sinn siobhal oidhche | ná imirt arm bhfaobhairthe, DDána 67.5 . gabait in gillai oc sudiu imbirt a dor[n]d foraib, LU 4916. iar n-imbirt aibne `after plying the scourge,' Mon. Tall. 143 § 43. imirt glaith for rot `using the "glaith" upon a road,' Laws v 474.6 . lámdha in domain acon mnái | imirt óir aircit gan gái `all the mysteries of the broidering art the wife possessed, skill to manipulate the silver and the gold,' SG 109.1 . in lá ria bfhéil imberta usce `the day before the festival of the Sprinkling of Water, (Rogation Sunday), ALC i 136.24 .

Of managing horses: eter imbeirt ech ┐ charpat, TBC-LL¹ 4021.

Of giving battle or preparing for battle: airm imeartha an chatha `the place where the battle is fought' O'Cl. s.v. airm. fada...ind imbert doradad and `it was a long fight that was made there,' Ériu v 236.88 .

(d) act of practising, wreaking, inflicting with prep. for : atagamar ... in fer d'imbirt a ferci fornd, LU 3792 ( SCC § 36 ). cid do chana duit in bréc do imbirt form, LU 5054. bale i ndénta fingal ... d'immirt for fannaib, 4342 . do immirt mela ocus cumachta forni immon curadmír, 8554 ( FB § 41 ). cin eolgnais comraite d'imirt forra `without inflicting intentional injury on them,' Laws v 136.21 Comm. martra do imbirt fair, Ann. Conn. 1306 § 11. ní chumaing écen do thabairt no d'imbert forru, PH 4833. ro gabh ag imirt a eccraitti ┐ a aincride fair dia ionnarbadh, AFM vi 1934.8 . da ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh if we were to act justly towards you, Maguires of F. § 61. go mbiadh tearmann aige ón oirleach do bhí ag Dia ar tí a imeartha ar gach aon, TSh. 706.

(e) act of playing a game, gambling; game, sport: ic imbirt fidchilli, TBC-LL¹ 922. oc imbirt buanbaig, 1810 . ic imbirt chless cluchi ┐ immanae, 870 . imirt fithchilli tighe aireach, Laws v 484.3 . ní boíd ind imbert moithchulión sin a Fergus ol Medb, LU 5701 ( TBC-I¹ 1227 ). do-rónadh ... imirt ┐ ceól ┐ cluicheda ina fiadnaise dá urbrégad, Comp. CC 80.3 . ata fós fó'n aithne-si in imbirt; uair is gadaige in t-í immres who gambles, PH 7597. do spealadh a mhaoine saoghalta ré hól, ré himirt, ┐ ré meirdreachas, TSh. 10356. ag damhsadh 's ag imirt 's ag ól, O'Gr. Cat. 30.26. clár na himertha gaming-table , Mac Aingil 3.3 . chuirfeas m'anmain san imeirt `which will put my soul to hazard,' Dán Dé xiv 7. gairid ar mbúaín resin mbeirt | gur smúain in aibhid d'imeirt, IGT Decl. ex. 625. Fig. mise uaid go haithmhéalach | faríor! ní himirt Domhnaigh it is no diversion, Dánta Gr. 61.34 . i n-ionbhaidh imeartha an chluithe (the Confederate War), Ó Bruad. i 124.13 . an méid nár fionnadh le himirt na méirleach, O'Rah. xxxv 105.

(f) act of performing (music); chanting (prayer) ?: ainm im[b]erta ciuil, O'Mulc. 833. sinnim no imrim ar an angrais chiúil, Plunkett s.v. pecto . imrim ar cheol, s.v. cano ( Éigse xxv 162 ). ? To this: bíadd prantigi dano ised aonach ndedenach indsin is coir do imbirt isna mbelaib iar praind hi sessam ┐ hi praindtig a cetal repeat (?), Mon. Tall. 162.2 .

lór

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lór or dil.ie/30674
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: loor, lour, lora, leór, lour

adj o, ā (see GOI 125 ). The earlier non-dissimilated form: roar nadma .i. imbed nadma 'sufficiency of binding, i.e. abundance of binding' CIH iii 776.8 , Ériu xxxvii 191 . In O. Ir. Glosses always spelled loor, lour except pl. lora, Ml. 3a6 . Later freq. leór. enough, sufficient ; of people, objects etc. in a vague laudatory sense, perh. great, ample; also adequate, competent .

I As attrib. adj. cōim dūis fo līgaib lōraib (: mōraib) `mit reicher Farbenpracht', Bruchst. i 51 § 113 . Fergus . . . / dár[b]a lán cech lerghus l.¤ , Fianaig. 44 § 10 . col-láinib loraib lubaib, SR 969 . i n-aimsir . . . Dubdaletha lóir, 2361 . la síl Lugdach lóir, Metr. Dinds. iii 16.205 (: chendmóir). scolgaire in luin lúithigh lōir, ZCP x 339 § 14 . laa doib ar faidchi ind liss loir `ample', Ériu vii 224 § 43 . 'na fleid lōir, ACL iii 307 § 15 . ni rucsat na luing loir / achtmad tri glaca glaisfeoir, Fen. 50.21 . an deagh-thoil l.¤ , 23 G 21, 171.10 . déan géar-aithreachas féd pheacadh is cruaidhghníomh l.¤ , Keat. Poems 383 (cf. lór-gním, below). leithbhliadhain a bhflaitheas l.¤ , Content. ii 19.

II As subst.

(a) With DI: ropad lor do glóir ┐ d'aibnius dó, LU 2007 ( FA 7 ). nī lōr do dath, Ériu ii 15.28 . conadh lor do airpeted don tsluagh coisdeacht fria fogur a gotha, TBC-LL¹ 5461 St. ba leór do brón in betha / a nglór, Metr. Dinds. iii 256.13 . co mbad l.¤ do maith dó áine ┐ abstanait, PH 4954 . tugadh linn—l.¤ do dhearmad—/ . . . / searc don tír i dtángamar a great mistake, DDána 6.7 . dobudh l.¤ dhóibh do phéin . . . amharc éidigh uathbhásach an aidhbhirseóra, TSh. 6655.

(b) With possess. and DI: mo leor dona dlighe[daibh] sin, . . . ara coitchinne (i.e. I have said enough on these laws, since they are so well known), O'D. 1698 ( H 2.12, No. 8 p. 1 ). toimlidh . . . bar l.¤ dona cairib `eat your fill', RC x 72.13 . fogebthe . . . a ll.¤ uile do daiglind, 90.9 . in ūair da c[h]aith Īsa . . . / a lōr da meas in mōrchraind, ACL iii 245 § 31.

(c) With possess. and gen.: na tiaga ben na mac dib . . . cen a lor each ┐ bid is etaig, PH 410.

(d) With gen. fuair iar n-éag a athar dhil / go l.¤ im-shníomha is aisdir, DDána 87.10 . do-ghéubhair an luibh sin uaimsi go l.¤ a luaithe very soon, Eachtra Uill. 637 . do chomhnuighmis go l.¤ a tholtonuighe a n-eagluisibh fhíorbhochta (satis libenter manebamus), Rial. S.F. 1650 .

Attrib. g s. persa lóir, see s.v. persa (c).

III In constructions with copula.

(a) is l.¤ : is lour da preceptóir i n-aeclis no thríi, Wb. 13a9 . ní lour in bendachad dia mmaldachae, ní lour dano in nebmaldachad meni bendachae, 5d23 . am loor fri cach reit competent to deal with any eventuality, 24b16 . ní lour in degforcitlaid maní be indithem leir ┐ menma adblam, Ml. 53c18 . is lour comsuidigud fri suidi `composition with this is sufficient', Sg. 159a3 . manip l.¤ dano reim iond áosa coimsi bess isind eclais imbé competent, Mon. Tall. 127.z . cf. 128.15 . boi leor les oiged .i. robo leor no lesaiged aegedu, LU 928 ( ACC 79 ). bid l.¤ són or Conall mad fri snádud neich co n-airchethul, LU 5085 (TBC). is l.¤, a Aedán, immot-beri forna feraib, Fing. R. 143 . ūasalepscop Ēirenn Aodh / ralēg lēighend gonid l.¤ proficient, accomplished, ACL iii 306 § 1. l.¤ mo shuairighe um shíol gCuinn `I count for little', Aithd. D. 10.4 . treabha as l.¤ daingne is dlúithe, DDána 99.34 . go gcēidhe bo lōr feabhus `an excellent quay', Fl. Earls 26.28 . glaissīn . . . ba lór laighet ar doman `exceedingly small streamlet', 64.18 . compánach nār leór dúthracht maille fris (cum socio non multum devoto), Beatha S. F. 2756. When l.¤ is folld. by a dependent noun this seems to be in acc.: is l.¤ gráin a n-imchesin, BDD² 1282 (`where gráin seems to be acc. after lór ', ed.). ba l.¤ suilse isind rígthaigh a cumtach . . . hísin, 772 (suilse taken to be g s. here by ed.). But cf. also: cech duine nod chluined, ba leór síthchaire ┐ airfitiud doib, IT i 72.7 ( LMU 8 ).

(b) is l.¤ do (+ pron. or subst.) is enough for: is lour dún didiu creitem incholnichtho et esséirgi, Wb. 4d27 . ni lour deit buid cen sétchi mani déne dagnímu, 10a17 . is lour do a guth namma, Ml. 48c5 . ba leor do Chondachtaib beith fo ar muirer ar ndis, Anecd. i 9.18 . ro ḟac leis ba loor do / . . . Almo, LU 3208 . inti is glan, is lor dō indlat a choss nama, PH 5261 . ní l.¤ do dhuine an aithrighe do dhéanamh, acht is éigean dó marthain do shíor innte, TSh. 9116 . is l.¤ dhamh (sufficit mihi), 6070 . ith an mhéid is l.¤ dhuit di, Proverbs xxv 16 .

(c) is l.¤ do (+ vn.) is enough for the purpose of (doing, etc.): bid loor do bar n-iráil `it will be enough to commend you', Wb. 26a30 . ata lasna tuati . . . beith (= bid) l.¤ dóib do ascnam nime `enough to win them a place in heaven', Mon. Tall. 141.16 . as leor do bunad gacha focail a chur co Laidin, Laws v 4.13 Comm . (bunad here used as quasi-vn.). nach leór a comram sin do bor mbrethugud, LU 8770 ( FB 57 ). l.¤ dom theagasg gé táim aimhghlic / . . . / na cuirp eile d'fhéaghadh uaim, DDána 36.5 . glór na ndiabhal is a ndath / l.¤ do phianadh na bpeacthach, TSh. 6712.

(d) is l.¤ la x x considers to be enough, to be competent; hence is satisfied with: niro gabsam-ni a n-idparta hóre narbo lour linn a foirbthetu, Wb. 24b20 . lour leu gníma recto dia fírianugud, 4d12 . na scripturi mora . . . nítat lora sidi leu, Ml. 3a6 . mani bé nech aile bes l.¤ laiss i focraib dó do athcomarc fris whom he considers competent, Mon. Tall. 160.19 . nirbo lór la hAedan a closin na failti do thabairt dosom A. was displeased, dissatisfied, Anecd. i 2.27 . ní therga Cú Roí . . . is leór leiss dodeochaid dia muintir and, LU 5715 (TBC). bes is lor la firu Temrach ataim-ni og briat[h]roth sund think it long enough, ZCP xiii 274 § 11. . . . gan loghadh dhóibh níor l.¤ leis, Dán Dé xxvi 54 . guidhe ógh-Mhuire is l.¤ linn, DDána 37.44 . l.¤ le nech a nemchara / mar fer aoinleptha `one holds his (whilom] foeman to be a fitting bedfellow', O'Gr. Cat. 384.17.

IV As adv. sufficiently .

(a) in lour gl. satin, Sg. 15b7 .

(b) In construction with copula. sufficiently; with vbs. of going, etc. far enough: leór ba léir a llínmaire, Metr. Dinds. iii 256.18 . is l.¤ atáthar ig for fuirech i ngábud long enough have you been detained, Celtica iv 20.244 . l.¤ atám 'nar mbeithidh (= mbeathaidh) bhí, DDána 42.45 . is loor dothēig, a macāin, co fesamar cid nothēig `thou hast come far enough', Ériu i 116 § 4 . in l.¤ teighim-si libh have I gone far enough with you? Misc. Hag. Hib. 16 § 13 . `tarr istech isin ecclais, a Diarmait' . . . `As lor dodechad', BNnÉ 304 § 16 . is lor chena rochraidsim in Coimdid, MacCarthy 62.13 .

(c) mada lentar de co leir no co l.¤ , Laws i 292.28 Comm . do dháil go l.¤ t'fhuil gan fheirg, DDána 38.31 . na bith t'eadach co deallruighteach . . . acht co lor ┐ co mesarrdha, ITS xxix 139.10 . . . . do ghabhāil ēisg go lōr, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 44.4 (go lór here attributive adj.?).

Compds.

(i) With noun. ¤choimét: é féin . . . do lór-choimhéad óna fiabhrasaibh réamhráitte, TSh. 7973 . ¤dath: ┐ .l. lend lordatha of rich colouring. LL 7282 . ¤doíthin full sufficiency : a lórdaothain bidh ┐ dighe, IT ii 135.328 . ar lórdaethain sealga, Acall. 334 . ¤ḟulang expiation for sin (in purgatory): l. thall ┐ lóirghníomh abhus, Mac Aingil 3525 . gach díol do-bheir uaidh i bpurgadoir, ní lóirghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lórfhulang, TSh. 4912 . ¤gním satisfaction, atonement (distinguished from l.¤-ḟulang q.v.): l.¤ gl. satisfaccio, Ir. Gl. 908 . iar pennait ┐ eraic ┐ lorgnim, O'Curry 266 ( H 3.18 151 ). oir nach dernatar lorgnimarta isin sarugud sin, ibid. annsa leóirghníomh do-rin Críost ar ár soinne, Trompa na bhF. 926 . a gcomartha aithreachuiss ┐ leapar-gnīmha, Fl. Earls 50.22 . crēud ē an sochar do-ní an t-oide faoisidne do chor lóirghníomha ort a mbreith aithrighe?, Mac Aingil 3545 . ¤léigenn ample learning : lubair ann is lorléghenn / ┐ athaighidh tratha, Anecd. ii 22 § 6 . ¤nert complete sway : ┐ beith doib a nAlpain o coictigis ria Lugnasad co Samain ┐ cen a lornert do gabail doib inti `but could not conquer it fully', Ann. Conn. 1301.9 .

(ii) With adj. has intensive force. ¤chain most beautiful : don laindrig lorchain, Gorm. 30 . ¤datta very pleasing : sessed lathi lordata (:mormartra), SR 8177 . ¤lógmar: do líogaibh lórlóghmhara, Hackett xxi 30 . ¤muad (see 1 muad): canait cen nach locht l., SR 610 . ¤tháirnech (see 1 toirnech): go Linn Luimnigh leórthāirnigh `thunderous', Butler Poems 2252 .

(iii) With adj. derived from noun. ¤gnímach expiatory, compensatory : ionann a bheith leóirghníomhach ┐ rún aisig do bheith ag an aithrigheach in gach gné in a ndeárnadh foghlach . . . (of confession), Eochairsg. 92.30 .

1 tó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tó or dil.ie/41033
Last Revised: 2013

 

affirm. adv. used in reply to a question, yes, certainly: `in essar dam do ā ? '| `t.¤, mena, má mó á,' Corm. Y 70 . `ind raibi athcomarc lat ... ?' `t.¤' ol M., Mon. Tall. 135.29 . in failet hi focus ? olse; to, ar araile, LU 1868 . asbert fris in tairngeredh Adhamnan fochaidi d'feraibh Erenn ... T.¤, ol Colman, Anecd. ii 18.22 . in dartais do choibsena ? t.¤ or sí, SG 415.11 .

Cf. náthó, níthó.