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1 aithech,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithech, or dil.ie/2605
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: athach, athaig

n o, m. (aithe). See LEIA a.¤ (cóir), athach, eathach (lochdach) m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 55 . Note however, athaig (g s.): athair, Éigse viii 290 § 12 and n. 0

Lit. rent-payer; vassal, peasant .

(a) In legal contexts used of a particular class of tenant and sometimes to describe the commoner as opposed to the noble. See Críth G. p. 74 ; ZCP xv 245 . ethach .i. quasi aithech .i. doniter a aithe for neach, O'Curry 105 ( H 3.18, 70 ). a.¤ .i. fer braith ut est taidhe cach a.¤ .i. is amail gataide in fer braith nó in fer forinaiter féich, O'Dav. 37 . Cf. táid gach a.¤ | a.¤ gach ainbh, Ériu xiii 20.14 . a.¤ = briuga, Harl. 5280, 53b (Plummer MS. notes). athaigh .i. íocaidhe, O'Cl. flaith ┐ a.¤ `lord and vassal', Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fri tige cach na.¤ , Ml. 92d15 . athaig ┐ bachlaich domeled sin uile, SCano 345 . flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair i.e. a noble whose father was a commoner, `Bauer-Herr', ZCP xv 245 § 4 . ní dlig a.¤ mraich cor[o]p flaith, Críth G. 254 . díre n-aithig honour-price paid by an a., 530 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma anechclann the commoners of every family from here on with their e., Rawl. 118b38 . adnacol do cholaind aithich thuaithe a peasant of the tribe (laity?), RC x 82.12 . soifid roúall . . . i mmaccu a.¤ .i. grád fene no chille, LL 188c1 ( RC xxvi 42.1 ). ait[h]ech cách co hEogan húais, ZCP viii 299 z . ísel cech athech , Tec. Corm. § 15.15 . ó a.¤ co righ, ML² 836 . athig i comairli ríg / mairg tír i tic in scél, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . aondath i n-éadach moghaidh, dá dhath i n-éadach an aithigh, Keat. ii 1918 . aithigh Laighion / siad ós maithibh measfuidhior, LBranach 5776 = DDána 117.16 . gach saoirfhear ann badh aitheach, 72.32 . Prov.: as ait[h]ech cāch gan deōladh no one is so exalted but he can do with assistance(?), ML² 162 .

With qualifying clause, gen., etc. a.¤ ara-threba a deich (so called because his stock is numbered in tens, and represented as standing midway between the ócaire and the bóaire, Críth G. p. 77 ): cateat fodlai bóairech? dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ a.¤ arathreba a deich, 17 . a.¤ arathreba a deich, deichde a búar sidi, 132 . a.¤ baitside (baitsid, baitse), meaning doubtful; is é a.¤ baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, cen brait cen guin doíne acht láa catha nó nech toṡaig a chenn fair, Críth G. 142 and n. a.¤ forrtha (fortha), one appointed to take the king's place in legal actions against him, see forrtha.¤ im athechu bunaid (.i. na aithig ḟortha) im athechu cis (.i. na doerchele), Cóic Con. 21 § 14 .

(b) In pejorative sense churl, boor, uncouth person: contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58c6 . in triar a.¤ . . . ro anacht Cú Ch., BDD² 1287 . robo leanamnach int a.¤ (aidech, LU), TBC-I¹ 1207 . ni thecat da fuapairt / acht [mad] athig mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371 (see meth). is duit dosratsam ┐ ni dont ṡenaithiuch ucat (of Rónán), Fing. R. 67 . ni tú as cóir dia chairigud . . . a.¤ samlut (of Lugaid Mac Con), RC xiii 438 § 9 . bríathra athig churlish words, LU 5450 (TBC). in t-eathach, Acall. 5532 . dias aitheach oc ingairi cairech, YBL 122a2 . cumala ┐ athig na Pers, Alex. 390 . athig ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . ar ba haitheach somh a h-ucht treóin `being a plebeian representative of a hero', AFM iii 178.17 . a tigh aithigh ┐ áonmná / caithidh sibh an cáomlá ar cúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 363 .

In phr. a.¤ feda base tree (oppd. to aire feda). Used of letters of the alphabet: athaigh feada, Laws iv 146.19 , 24 . airigh fedha ┐ athaig fedha . . . athaig fedha .i. fern, sail, bethi etc., Auraic. 1151 = aithig, 4249 .

(c) giant, monster: immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB § 39 ). da aitheach forgranna, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 1 . ar neimib a n-arm na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b1 . lorg in fhathaigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1006 . ris an athach darbh ainm Goliath, TSh. 10937 . combarala dam ┐ dond a.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 56 . ethach ┐ arderrad ┐ fogmoir, Stair Erc. 1290 . is i in [n]aithir neime .i. in t-a.¤ aingide (of the custodian of the Garden of the Hesperides), 254 . tú an aithir sheang . . . / is ceann aithigh uirrei-se, DDána 50.10

COMPDS. ¤-aicme vassal tribe: seacht n-aitheachaicme robadar isin tir re tiachtain de Uib Eachach, ZCP xiv 44 § 6 . ¤-lus lit. churl's herb (protection against the evil eye ? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ a. . . . a. do ghradaibh feine, O'D. 2365 ( Rawl. B. 506, f. 43b ). ¤-matad base dog (term of contempt): ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin moir, TBC-I¹ 1228 . aithechmadad druthsotal, 1594 . ciarso dúal don athiuch-matud saigid forsin árchoin, TBC-LL¹ 1935 . ¤-phort rent-paying town: trí aithechpuirt (.i. bailte bodaich) Hérenn: Clúain Iraird, Glenn Dá Locha, Lugbad, Triads 33 and note p. 36.

¤-thúath subject people (see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population-Groups, PRIA xxix (C) 59 - 114 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 154 ff. ): ro díbdáit uili cland Ugaine Máir la athechthúathaib Herend . . . ┐ ro gabsat athechthuatha Herend flathemnas Temrach, LL 7308 . ba di athechthuathaib Herend dó, 14616 . na haitheachthúatha ┐ Cinél Conaill . . . ag argain an bhaile, Ériu v 76.16 . le daorchlannaibh nó lé hathachthuathaibh Éireann, Keat. ii 3702 . annam lib athechthuatha do tháinsemad bartrenfer, LL 238b25 ( TTr. 1617 ).

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doír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doír or dil.ie/17924
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: doer, doír, dærcis, daertuath

adj o,ā. As subst. o, m. and ā, f.

(a) unfree, lowborn, of servile condition or nature; as subst., serf (opposed to soír free, a freeman; sometimes also to mug slave. See 1 saer); doer gl. mancipi, Sg. 51b12 . doer . . . .i. satilitess (= satellites), O'Mulc. 318 . dochraid cach daer, ACL iii 229 . saor ┐ daor, Laws i 40 . masa chudrumus corpdire dair dair ┐ dair urraid, O'Curry 999 ( H 3.18 427a ). daor urrad . . . daor deorada . . . daor murchartha . . . daor daoir, 2351 ( Eg. 88, 27 (28)b ). etir sóir ┐ dóir, Wb. 27c15 . berar . . . 'nas dáer na braiti such of the captives as are serfs, TBC-LL¹ 1696 . áne la dóer skill in a serf, Triads 84 . indogbáil doeir (.i. togbáil a hinde na doerclanna fri sáerudh) uplifting of the lowborn, Anecd. v 26 . saer i suidiu ndaeir ┐ daer i suidiu saeir, Laws v 18 . mac cumaili .i. daire of a bondswoman, 456 Comm. tucait na dáe[i]r ┐ na dorsaire do ḟaire na cathrach, RC xiv 416 ( LL 109b44 ). radeligtar a ndáer (= ndaeir) ┐ a mogaid de doeraib ┐ mogadaib fer nhErend, TBC-LL¹ 423 . mod frisa mbitis cumala doera, Corm. Y 324 . dia ructhar ar mnā dōera uand, biait for (ar, LU sic leg.) mnā sāera for brōintib, TBC-I¹ 1129 . etir saera ┐ daera freemen or serfs, Cog. 42 . o saeraib co daeraib, Laws v 466 . admestar doeru drungu fognama fognat, ZCP xi 95 § 47 . foirb daér ar dilse tenant-land held in fee, Metr. Dinds. iii 300 . d'fearann tsaér ┐ dhaor, AFM v 1842 . Servile, menial: oibre daora .i. oibre corpordha, mur ata treabhadh, etc., Luc. Fid. 100 ; Ó Héodhusa 160 .

(b) Of physical and moral qualities base, ignoble, slavish: ní dóir for mbethu, Wb. 5a3 . rāter rand do dréim nar daer (of Adam and his family), LL 136b25 . ba daor a dath, Todd Nenn. 282 . duairc, doer, dressachtach a drech, SR 939 . o Diarmaid nar bo daer drech of no servile aspect, BB 189a34 . a rosg daor an Diabuil, RC xxviii 320 . conacca in n-arracht ndoer ndochraid, LL 117b27 . for iffern ndub ndorcha ndaer, SG 52 . fria ndiumas ndaor ndrocht `enslaving pride' (?), SG 160 = fri diumus ndúr, Acall. 2964 (sic leg.). oc na slogaib dubaib doeraib na ndemna, PH 8308 . Compar.: mo choirthe . . . an duirb is daoire d'fiabrasaibh, Ó Bruad. ii 168 .

(c) enslaved, subject: is daor anois a dhuthaidh, GJ iv 10 . cella daera (a prophecy of evil times), ZCP viii 196 . tiuccfo aimser bus doer eglaiss do thuaith when the church shall be subject to the laity, SG 79 . Derbail . . . dar daer Cul Dremne to whom C.D. owned sway, LL 141a2 . doer o demnaib enslaved (i.e. possessed) by devils, PH 2226 . an uair do bhi t'anam deilte, daor uaidh enslaved by it (the body), GJ iv 20 .

(d) condemned, deserving punishment, guilty: slān cach ditiu(d); daer cach dic[h]ell `every neglect is condemned', Laws ii 2 ; 124 . d'eagla . . . go bhfuighthi daor thú lest thou be found guilty, Proverbs xxx 10 . dochuaidh síos go tigh na ndaor the house of the damned (hell), O'Rah. xvii 20 .

(e) laborious, hard, rigorous, painful: trosgadh, urnuighthe . . . aithrighe dhaor, GJ v 85 . is iontuigthe nach daor . . . an bhreath rug Dia ar Ádhamh, TSh. 3418 . With DO: is daer don liaigh inuair nach eol dó beatha an othair dórdugud it is a bad lookout for the physician, 23 P 10, 153ra22 . atáid trí hadhbhair fa' n-a daoire don droing . . . ioná don chineadh Iudaigheach why those . . . shall fare worse than the Jews, Eochairsg. 100 . innte (sc. isan oidhche sin) rogheinsiodar | Bile Tortan, Eo Rosa, | a n-umhla nochar dhaor dhí `their homage to the night was no indignity' (i.e. it was none the worse for that night that the Trees sprang up), ML 96 . Adv. gabhaidh go d.¤ docamhlach iad with rigour and severity (of captives), ML 108 . foighénaidh go d.¤ do Dhia he will render hard service, SG 24 . gur cheannaigh Críost ár siothcháin go d.¤ ar an gcrois purchased our peace dearly, Eochairsg. 73 . clogat do cheannach go d.¤ , O'Gr. Cat. 22 . cruindigh do shaidhbhris gu d.¤ ┐ scaoil gu saor he amass your wealth with pains, Ériu v 130 .

(f) Hence dear, valuable, costly (comm. in mod. lang.; cf. Eng. dear): budh daor a bhfuil iona radharc precious shall their blood be in His sight, Psalms lxxii 14 . an criostal ba dhaoire, O'Rah. xxxiv 54 .

Compds. With subst. and adjj. doír forms compds.

(a) in sense of unfree, servile, base, of low condition esp. freq. in technical terms denoting social distinctions in Laws: ¤aicenta: daoraicinta `natural slave', inferior , Laws v 236 Comm. ; O'Dav. 873 . ¤aicme serf-tribe: athigh ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . daoraicme gacha dúithche, Keat. i 58 . ¤am(m)us serf-soldier: ocht doerammuis dia mbiathad fri seilgg, RC xx 140 . ¤ athech serf, `villain': ni haltram nach dóerathig, Fél. 44 ( Fél. Jan. 15 ) (but see CMCS i 46 ). ¤bard a bard of the second class, oppd. to the sóerbard, IT iii 107 . na dærbaird, Auraic. 1691 . aisti na ndærbard, 1590 . ¤ bondwoman (poet.): rohir dam . . . deich ndairbé (.i. bancumala), Ériu ii 3 . ¤ben id.: fo dóerban dul `after the fashion of lowborn women', Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . ¤bíatach: a chuaird . . . for a dóerbiatachu ` base-hospitallers ', RC xxvi 39 n. 5 . ¤bothach serf-cottier , opp. to soerb., Laws ii 288 Comm. doerboth[ach]us, iv 388 Comm. See Críth G. p. 78 , Ir. Recht 81 . ¤chéle base tenant or client: a saerceili ┐ a daerceili, Laws i 40 Comm. doercele ag in rí, ii 94 Comm. ¤cherd: lucht daoircheard, mar atá an drong do bhíodh ré gaibhneacht nó ré ceardacht, etc. artisans of lower class, Keat. iii 656 . ¤chimbid prisoner: é féin . . . d'furáilemh ina dhaoirchimidh díairm do mhuinntir na bainrioghna, AFM vi 2258 . ¤chimbidecht imprisonment, bondage: ar dháigh ná dáoirchimidheachta i mbattar a thír ┐ a thalamh, a chairde, etc., AFM vi 1896 . tromnemhele na daoirchimidheachta dorad Ua Néll don Chalbhach, v 1584 . ¤chís tribute (exacted by conqueror): daircis fodhnama for feraib Eirend, RC xx 337 . dærcis, ib. go gcuirfeadh fá dhaorchíos iad, ML 118.18 . Isaiah lx 17 . a láethibh an dáoirchíosa `of the enrolling', Acts v 37 . ¤chlann serf-clan, inferior classes or race: ho d[ó]erchlandib gl. exiguis nationibus, Ml. 80a12 . cach doerchland, cach merlech lowborn person (?), LL 147a47 . at imdha a saerchlanda . . . at [t]earca a daerchlanda, IT iii 92 . co n-ordnitis doerclanna i n-ard-clannaib, CCath. 249 . can cummusc daerc[h]lann no daescurslógh, 6035 . sé cinéala Aitheachthuath nó Daorchlann i nÉirinn, Keat. iv p. 13 . sochaidhe dia saorclandaibh ┐ dia ndaorchlandaibh, Hugh Roe 108 . adj. ¤chlan(n)da: a ceithri doerclanda, CCath. 3564 = servum pecus, Luc. Phars. vi 152 . a ndioghail an duinemarbhtha daorchlanda, AFM vi 2146 . ¤ḟer bondsman: a dáirḟir (as term of reproach), Metr. Dinds. iii 154 . ¤ḟognam menial service, bondage: rucadh fa dochar ┐ daerḟoghnam, Ériu v 148 . rochuin[n]ig C. chuccasom daerfoghnomh Temrach, RC xvi 478 ( Dinds. 78 ). ¤ḟuidir (tech. term), Laws ; ¤ḟuidres, Críth G. 580 ; see p. 93 ( base `tenant-at-will'), Ir. Recht 64 , 83 ff. ¤gním: fodailsed Aithechthuacha fo Eirind ┐ rodead daergnim flatha Erend uasaib, Lec. 350b38 (? = greim, BB, see below). ¤macne: bertair dóermaicni dóib their children will be serfs, LU 5614 = TBC-I¹ 1134 . ¤mám servile yoke, servitude: fo d., SR 1776 . doermamu fognamaidh, Laws v 222 Comm. Hence denom. doirmámaigedar gl. vilescere, Ml. 93d9 ; 101a8 . ¤mámaigthetu gl. squalor, Sg. 20a5 . hon doir[ma]maigthetaid gl. squalore, Ml. 28b1 . ¤manach base tenant of ecclesiastical lands, O'Dav. 873 . doermanuch ag in espoc, Laws ii 94 Comm. daermanach eagalsa, iv 196 Comm. Abstr. dóirmanche: cen erchóiliud doermancha, Ériu vii 142 . ¤mesda: luchd daoirmheasda taskmasters , Exodus i 11 . daoirmheasadóir taskmaster , v 10 , 13 ; iii 7 . ¤nemed (tech. term): atat dō neimid . . . saeirnemead ┐ daerneimeadh. Ite saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh, feine . . . Daerneimead imorro, aes gach dāna olchena . . . is do ṡaernemthib fognait, Laws v 14 . ¤opair servile work , TBC-LL¹ 1760 . ¤rath (see 2 rath): daerrath cach tothlu sech fine, ZCP xv 252 § 9 (see xvi 212-13 ). ¤rathas, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18 251). ¤thúath: daertuath ` tributary territories ', Laws i 82 Comm. ba do daertuathaib Herind do subject tribes , YBL 139a36 .

(b) As pref. with pejorative or intensive force, forming unstable compds. ¤bás: fodémat uacht ┐ gortai . . . ria ndaerbásaib éitchib before (dying) a miserable death, LB 206b56 . ¤breth sentence of condemnation: rug Dia an daoirbhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4 . ni dhearnais daorbhreitheamhnas flatha tyrannical judgment , ML 102 . ¤chor: ní daerchor `no sorry bargain', Metr. Dinds. iii 410 . ¤chris: daorchrios diúide `austere restrictions', Ó Bruad. ii 70 . ¤dál hard judgement or fate: daor-dháil, TSh. 6099 . ¤dálach rigorous, severe: cúntas daor-dhálach, TSh. 3750 . ar na hanmannaibh damanta daor-dhálacha ill-fated , TSh. 6264 . ¤dangen: i nhiffern ṅdúr ndáirdaṅgen, SR 1764 . ¤galar: gailcind nó daergalar ` haemorrhoids ', Fél. 44 (Jan. 16) . flux bronn no daorgaluir, 24 P 3, 346.2 . ¤gol: ag daorghol i nguais ghalair, Ó Bruad. ii 108 . ¤greim: fodhailset tuatha aithecha fo Erind ┐ roddet daergreim flatha Erend uasaib they were placed under strict subjection (?), BB 255b36 . ¤méit: o Dealbaeth nach dealbad bréic | cinset Dealbna can daormeit, Lec. 439b4 = gaendaermeit, BB 188b35 . ¤múch: cen dáermūich daille `vile smoke of blindness', Fianaig. 50 .

In adjj. ¤bésach: gomsa daerbésacha macneda Uladh i l-leth o maithrechaibh inherit servile ways from their mothers, ZCP viii 545 . ¤buillech: deilm d. `a dishonouring blow', Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . ¤garg: debtha dene dóergairce, LU 3466 ( SCC § 25 ). Ériu viii 173 .

(c) Rarely with vbs.: ¤brissid: cor daerbris a druim ar dó ann, Acall. 4871 ; 6943 ; 6998 .

1 muin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 muin or dil.ie/32713
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: muntorcc

n f.

I

(a) the upper part of the back between the shoulders and below the neck . m.¤ .i. muinél, O'Cl. (but the two words differ in meaning). ? is corcair maige cach maín, LU 10852 = IT i 132 y (: luin). ceand is grānnium . . . do neoch fil for m.¤ (= the ugliest head on any pair of shoulders), Auraic. 549. sengobi cona indeuin fora m.¤ on his back , Mon. Tall. § 19. sciath . . . fora m.¤ , IT i 131.18 . co tucsat . . . in tēig dō fora m.¤ , PH 931. ruc in lenam ara m.¤ istech, Laws i 178.12 . ina fil for ar m.¤ de uigib (= all the eggs we are carrying), MR 22.2 ( FDG 148 ). in druim ara ndechaid m.¤ the back on which he went, was carried (the child Jesus), ACL iii 246.2 = druim a ndeachaigh ara m.¤ , R.I.A. 23 I 40 p. 147 . do chuir mo chéill ar mo mh.¤ deprived me of my senses, Measgra D. 57.30 , cf. KMMisc. 50.18 . mac ar m.¤ `a child on the back' (technical term for a certain metrical fault), IGT Introd. § 2. Cf. adubhairt . . . léigion dá spior spar ┐ dá mhac ar m.¤ humbug , PCT 642 ( Gadelica i 129 ). air mh.¤ an eich on horseback , Oss. iv 244.17 . tarlaic C. aurchur . . . do m.¤ a mairc, IT i 158.3 . Cf. ar monaib a n-each, Laws v 108.26 Comm. (by Atkinson referred to this word, but see mon). gibé thoigeóras dol ar marcaigheacht go neamh .i. . . . a anam do chur ar m.¤ anma a phréaláide to mount his soul on his prelate's soul, TSh. 10665. ar m.¤ an mil mhoir (of St. Brendan), ZCP i 62 § 37. ar m.¤ na muice on the pig's back = in luck , see muc(c).

(b) in wider sense of upper part, top, surface: an trath bís imforcraidh snechta ar m.¤ an oigre, Maund. § 114. de m.¤ cairge māre Manann, Corm. Y 1059 (p. 93.16) . marcach na tond . . . ar m.¤ mhara, ACL iii 235.6 ; perhaps in sense (a), the sea being likened to a horse. Of the top or ridge of a hill (?): sechtmad coirpdire . . . isa n-iumrad sechtar m.¤ tuilche . . . ┐ trian coirpdire . . . isiniumrad for m.¤ tuilche (referring to the hill of assembly), H 3.18 p. 458b ( O'Curry 1154 ). issed is imradud ar m.¤ tuilche and, imradud a marbtha i n-oentig no i n-aenairecht ris; issedh is imradud sechtair m.¤ tuilche ann, a denam in cach inad otha sin amach, ib. 303 - 4 ( O'Curry 628 ). Cf. O'Mulc. 388 : Emuin .i. eo-muin . . . moin a monte .

(c) in various idiomatic phrases with prep., folld. by gen.

ar m.¤ (see for muin below)

(a) on, on top of: ag iarraidh . . . ar na sléibhtibh thuitim ara m.¤ to fall on them, Ó Héodhusa 68.18 . cuiridh pecadh ar m.¤ pecaidh, 151.17 . muinchille sróill is muinchille inair óir uimpi ara m.¤ sin besides, as well , Anecd. i 30 § 43. do bi bréid tar a suilib ┐ do bi a birrét ara m.¤ sin anúas, BCC § 320. m.¤ ar m.¤ in succession: fríoth an saidhbhreas m.¤ ar mhuin | is fríoth an daidhbhreas 'na dheaghuidh `that I got riches on riches', Ir. Monthly 1928, 265 § 23 .

(b) for the sake of (?): `ga iarraid ar m.¤ Muiri, ACL iii 245 § 25 , cf. de muin (b).

de (do) m.¤ at back of, behind , hence

(a) following on, subsequent to, in consequence of: cath do m.¤ bescna `a battle after a "bescna"-contract', Laws iii 216.24 . aisic na set rugadh do m. na comairce 'restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', Laws iii 232.25 . duine fil ar comairce ┐ dorinne fogail do m. na comairce, 23 Q 6 p. 36a ( O'Curry 1763 ). maini tainic re dligedh gu tanic do mun toicheda, ┐ ma thainicc re ddlighedh gen tiachtain do mun toicheda, is ericc ... 'if she did not submit to the law, until she submitted as a result of suing, and if she submitted to the law without submitting as a result of suing, payment ... ', Mar. Dis. 40 § 20 . maith in talman [sic leg.] . . . rachdæid da mh.¤ raen as rōd | gach tæb ōg ar nach fuil fat every young and heedless person will follow . . . after it, ACL iii 237 § 31 . rēim soirbh Mhuiredaigh da a [leg. dá] m.¤ the prosperous reign of M. after them, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 6. do mh.¤ a séimhsheilbhe on account of , Content. x 17. do mh.¤ comairle Ganalonais on G.'s advice, ITS xix 78.21 . do mh.¤ tindlaicthi De by the gift of God, 92.12 . a luighi do choimlínadh do mh.¤ ghnima `by carrying it into deed', 98.23 . claidemh . . . is daingne do mh.¤ laidirechta in respect of , 84.23 . do mh.¤ chroidhe with all one's heart, sincerely , TSh. 10147.

(b) protected by, under the guarantee of, on the strength of (?) . Vendryes, ZCP ix 295 , LEIA M-72 , would refer exx, with this meaning to a different word 6 muin = `defence, guarantee', cognate with O.H.G. munt, A.S. mund (cf. Germ. Vormund, Mündel). athech do m.¤ commairchi `a boor who is under patronage', Triads 232. ro bí (.i. ro marb) Æd de m.¤ (.i. de chommairgi) Cormaic in rig, LL 314a27 .

for m.¤ in addition to: dobert .s. [= set] gabla for muin dire ... .i. brethemnaigter .s. do gablugud for muin eneclainni, CIH iv 1159.37 . c[et]muindtir for m. araile, CIH i 7.34 . In follg. ex. seems nearly = de m.: techt for m.¤ mo mic `that I should go on my son's guarantee' (lit. on my son's back), Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 § 5 ; but see Vendryes loc. cit.

i mm.¤

(a) on the back (top) of = in addition to: indech ┐ di bai inna m.¤ two cows in addition, Laws ii 126.18 Comm. dairt i m.¤ cach oen-seoit a `dairt' along with every `sed', v 340.21 . it ē a fēich .i. cetheoir samaisci . . . ┐ es [leg. is] fiach gaidi bis ina m.¤ , Anecd. iii 22.16 (i.e. the person who steals on Sunday pays the fine for breach of the Sabbath and the fine for theft as well). mad roastar cach mil dib i mbethu lasin merlech adrén diabul .i. mil i mm.¤ alaili, Ériu vii 154 § 3 (i.e. the robber not only restores the stolen animal but gives another in addition).

(b) on account of: diabul aithgena a m.¤ cach ae double restitution for each, Laws v 250.8 . cúic seoit in muin [leg. i mmuin] a cinaidh gach sochuinn five seds is the fine for the crime, ii 70.1 . Cf. also: Maelmithid . . . do dul co Genti fri cosnum tuaiscirt Breg a m.¤ Gente `with a view to defending the North of B. by the aid of the Gentiles' (?), AU 917 ; acc. to the Engl. transl. (quoted AFM ii 593 n .) `M. . . . went towards the Gentyes to save Tuaiscert Bregh from them'.

In Ériu iii 154 § 8 : ro cuiredh draighthi na hErenn uile a muind a ḟesa . . . da ḟoillsiugud `with the help of their science', read: i mmuinidin (= muinigin).

Compds. (gen. mun- before a follg. non-palatal):

I With noun. ¤bráge a neck: secht cubait . . . i tacmung a munbrágat, Metr. Dinds. iii 258. secht cubait . . . moa munbraghaid, BB 378b5 . ¤chobrach see 1 muinchorach. ¤torc m. a collar, torque: muintorc, gl. torquis, Sg. 70a21 . muntorc .i. slabrad oir fo braigid, BB 254a2 . muntorc .i. slabhradh, O'Cl. muntorcc , Fianaig. 6.6 . scel an mundtuirc, TTebe 827 . sreth di muntorcaib óir . . . mar chirclu dabcha, LU 1710 ( RC ix 476.12 ).

II With adj. corresponding to Engl. -necked ; freq. in sobriquets. ¤brec: a Condlai Rúaid muinbricc chaindeldeirg, RC v 390.2 = muinbrec, LU 10006 (expld. by De Jubainville as referring to colour of C.'s neck and the royal collar encircling it). See munbrec. ¤caem: Muirne Munchaem, Acall. 6553. m. Munchaim, RC v 197 § 1. ¤cáin: Maine Muncháin, ZCP viii 314.29 . clann Maine Munchain, 309.2 . ¤cam(m) wry-necked: Morna Muncham, RC v 197 § 2. ¤derg: Aed m., ZCP viii 301.14 . Muredach Munderg, 327.20 . ¤gairit short-necked: Mám Mungairit, LL 48b35 . ¤gel: ben munghel mín, Anecd. i 60 § 89 . ¤glas: tar tondaib mara munglassa (.i. tar tonnaib muinél-glasa no mong-glassa), Leb. Gab.(i) i 254.5 . munghlasa .i. muinélghlasa, O'Cl. ¤remar: læch munremar collach, TBC-LL¹ 5268. moṅgach munremur (of a bull), IT iii 246.82 . As npr. m.: Muinremur mac Geirrgind, FB 12. Munremor, IT i 102.7 . Loch Munremuir, LL 7a6 .