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Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gella or


v ( ad-(aith-?)-gell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 537 ). vows, promises: atgillim . . . ni chaithiubsa biad, Fél.² xl 31 . adgillim ni henlog . . . acht a cethair, xcix.y. atgillim torumm fén . . . ro-s-cluineb, PH 1428 . ite measra ad gella a cumung do cach, Laws iv 36.5 . `these are the limitations which his capacity secures to everyone', Plummer MS notes. intan asindgellai `when he makes such a vow', Mon. Tall. 134.z (§ 21) . caite dail? Ní adgelltar, Laws iii 330.1 . atgelltar a cuit dóibh din crū, Ériu i 215.7 . adgellat nád fírat they promise what they do not carry out, Tec. Corm. § 16.89 . Subj. pres. pass. sg. with ro: in gellad turcreice . . . is coir cid oc mescaid adruigliter though they be promised, O'Curry 55 (H 3.18, 19b23). Pret. and perf. 2 s. imin comingaire a[d?]ruiglis, O'D. 104 (H 3.17. c.84). gid mor ataigther ecc ni imgapail anattruiglais there is no avoiding what you have promised, RC xiv 454.3 . 3 s. atgeall in filidh lāmh for a dān the poet promised to engage in his calling(?), ZCP vii 305.5 . atrugell Étain féin dam-sa . . . ticht uáitsiu, LU 10901 . atrogell Oengus a tri rinnroisc di, Cymmr. xiv 114 § 15 . 2 pl. bes cumain lib a n-adruighlisid, Anecd. i 43.22 (`what ye have promised', Ériu iv 45 ). Pass. sg. is aen . . . adroighle[d] i saire na heclaisi, 44.7 (`one thing further which was promised', ib.). issedh inso rath adruigled duit, O'Curry 877 (H 3.18, p. 393 a.b.)


Cite this: eDIL s.v. rindrosc or


n o, n. (?) a desire, request, boon : atrogell Oengus a tri rinn roisc di. Batar e a tri rindroisc .i. faitchi Chaisil, etc., Rawl. 132b3 . mo tri rindrosc dam!, BB 259b37 , cf. YBL 180a3 = mo thri drinnrosc, RC vi 175.31 . dobertatar a tri rindroisc di, Ériu iii 138.94 . A corruption of drindrosc through the analogy of rind ruisc pupil, apple of the eye or the latter expression itself? Connected with drenn `quarrel' by Zimmer, ZCP i 94 n.

2 teinm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 teinm or


Forms: t., teinm

n in phrase t.¤ laída a divinatory incantation used by the `filid .' Perh. same wd. as prec. See ZCP xvii 156 . Marstrander, Bidrag 127 , rejects Zimmer's derivation from O. Norse teinar laegdir ( ZDA xxxv 151 ff. ) on the grounds that t.¤ is vn. of teinnid (see 1, 2, 3 teinnid). Cf. perh.: cocnaid in fili mír do charnna, etc., Corm. 25.28 (in descr. of imbas forosnai). Also: tethna iarom Maen ... tria th.¤ laegda, Corm. 30.31 (Atkinson, Laws Gloss. s.v. teinm connects tethna with teinn .i. aisneid, nod-teinn .i. canus, O'Dav. 1526 , 1547 ). `Eröffnung durch das Lied,' Heldensage 71 . By native glossators taken as meaning illuminating (? cf. imbas forosnai, and 3 teinnid), understanding: teinm laeda .i. teinm taithnim ┐ teinm tuicsi, ┐ tuicsi uad tre na laig i neich is ail lais do radha, amail asbeir rellugadh coimgne co laegha co laidib la genelchaib co nduilib ┐ sluinnti, H 4.22, 5 ( O'Curry 1949 )= tenm laegda .i. tenm taitnem, ┐ tenm tuicsin, etc., Laws v 56.24 Comm. tinm .i. tuigsin, O'Cl. Cf. in B. na f. ag t.¤ fuach `understood a word,' ZCP iii 378.4 . neach osgar ní fhéad mo t.¤ `an ignorant person cannot understand me,' 20 (.i. tuicsin, gl. p. 382 ). ag tinm dhūar .i. tuicsin focal nō rann, ZCP v 483 § 2.

For the procedure see Laws i 44 Comm. t.¤ laodhu, i 24.33 Comm. fo t.¤ laodha lanfocail lantoinnseim, Anecd. ii 75.10 . a tri neimthigh filid, t.¤ laedha, imus forosnadh, ┐ dichedul do chennaib, H 3.18, 427b ( O'Curry 1002 ). The t.¤ laída was part of the training of an ollam, and was acquired during the eighth year of study: tredi dlegar don ollamain filead .i. tenm laeghdha ┐ imus forosnadh ┐ dicedal do cennaib, Laws v 56.20 Comm. da cach ollamain ... iomus forasna ┐ dicetal do chollaib cenn ┐ t.¤ laoga, Anecd. ii 76.5 . tenmlaída ┐ immas forosnai ┐ dichetal do chennaib (in course of study for eighth year of fili), IT iii 50.1 . Cf. 111 , 117 . Ascribed also to Find (see 1 eó): dosber tra Find a ordu ina beolu ┐ do chan tria th.¤ laegda, Corm. 34.x = tre thenm-láido, Corm. Bodl. 28 = t.¤ laodae, Corm. Y 1018 ( Anecd. iv 88.1 ). tuc-som (.i. Find) a ordain fa ded fis ┐ cura chan tre t.¤ laega, cur foillsiged do crich a bethad, CF 74.5 . Forbidden by Patrick: atrogell no atrarpe tra (Patraicc) inní sin (i.e. imbas forosnai) ┐ an t.¤ laegda, Corm. 25.41 (= Corm. Y 756 ).

As fanciful name of a metre: tedmleoda annso, IT iii 102 § 186 , see p. 138 . Also of poetry in general: nī tucc d'echtres nō d'ōenuch | ... | an sainsherc tucc ... | do th.¤ laodho na ffiledh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 26 .


Cite this: eDIL s.v. tíacht or


Forms: tíachtu[n], tíachtain, -ana

n [? ā, f.], tíachtu[n], tíachtain [g s. -ana]. Mid. Ir. vn. of do-icc (see also tíchtu) cf. Irske Studier § 105 . The vocalism is perhaps influenced by tíag- in forms of 1 téit, q.v.

I act of coming, reaching; taking place: iar tiachtain Patraic, Corm. Y 883 . fo-chen du t[h]iachtain ... a oighe, 637 . cian rofeas do thíachtu sund, BDD² 359 . atrogell Édaín ... t.¤ úaitsiu, Ériu xii 184.4 . fath a tiachta an-Erinn, Lec. 287a37 = fath a tiachtana, BB 43a35 . bés ní tarissi iar tíachtain, TBFr. 395 . iar tiacht inmadha ... na hingine, Stair Erc. 557 . iar tiacht in lae, 1765 . iar tiachtain doib int shlebe (riachtain v.l.), TBC-I¹ 616 . cia bad dóig diar tiachtain, TBC-LL¹ 823 . dlegar a tiachtain `it ought to be forthcoming,' Laws i 128.6 Comm. cen tiachtain in marbtha though death does not take place, 174.8 Comm. ? don ingin ac ata in tiacht maicne, Laws ii 404.24 Comm. (but cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 71 n. 1 .).

II With prepositions.

(a) t.¤ as act of escaping from: na coimgend tiachtain as, Laws v 332.10 Comm.

(b) t.¤ de to be able: gan tiachtain de a tocuala, TTebe 3370 .

(c) t.¤ etar act of going between, ? interrupting: tiachtain itir dilgud ┐ indechad, Laws i 14.2 Comm. ríge ... ocu do gress, cen tiachtain eatarra without interruption? (Plummer MS. notes), Lism. L. 2102.

(d) t.¤ fo act of submitting to; to be liable to; act of impugning: tiachtain fo dliged foltmaisi to submit to , Laws v 122.11 Comm. tiachtain fo lan in ecodnaig ann, ii 70.22 Comm. is coimgech in fine forru im tiachtain fo coruib to impugn , v 130.10 Comm.

(e) t.¤ fri

(i) act of opposing: ar ba haigmeil leis a thiachtain fris ima rigi, Lec. 269vb27 . fonaiscid forro cen tiachtain fris ... co brath, RC xxiv 200.26 .

(ii) act of submitting to: tiachtain ... re dliged submitting to law, Laws ii 16.28 Comm.

(f) t.¤ im: tiachtain ima reir to abide by his decision, Laws v 252.16 Comm.

(g) t.¤ o: tiachtain o leith dire co trian naithgena `is reduced ,' iii 176.6 Comm.

(h) t.¤ tar act of withdrawing from; mentioning; transgressing: dias doroine cundrad ... is cuimgech cach fer dib 'masech tiachtain tairis, H 5.15, 8a ( O'D. 1589 ). nocha chumaing ... tiachtain tairis, H 3.18, 642a ( O'Curry 1434 ). is imarcraid n-imnisen tiachtain dar na nechib to mention , LU 7915 . is tíachtain tar breith senórach tíachtain tar do breith transgressing , Ériu iv 134.21 , 22 . otchonnairc Dia tiachtain doib tara thimna, Lec. 22vb43 .

III In phrase ic tiachtain leigind engaged in learning , later simply tiachtain: ic tiachtain leiginn ┐ proicepta, Lism. L. 2613 . saoi tiachtana leigind, AFM ii 836.19 . logh a tiachtana no a oidechta, Laws v 212.21 Comm. calbh a tiacht .i. cenn saoiechta, ZCP v 485 § 2 (B. na f.).