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1 airer

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airer or dil.ie/1930

 

Forms: oirear

n o, [n.] Later m. See LEIA oirear m. IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) coast, shore: gabsad . . . la ha.¤ nÉrenn atúaid , BDD² 253 . i n-airiur Breg comarda Étuir forsind farrci, LU 6886 (BDD). tonna saile sétaighfit / frisna hairera ardda, SR 8058 . ro hṡeolsad re hoirer na hinnsi amuigh, KMMisc. 315.4 . na gaibed i n-airiur do aireraib Herenn, RC xiv 408.3 . sech airera na Troe, LL 222a2 ( TTr. 349 ). as ann rogabsat airear, occ Dun na mBarc, Leb. Gab.(i) 10.29 . a.¤ na trága, Metr. Dinds. iii 212.3 . mag os a.¤ in átha at the brink of the ford, MR 174.10 . crecha airir Siúiri `the region bordering on the Suir', AFM vi 2078.8 . airear .i. cuan, O'Cl.

(b) border region: ond airiur as torgaib grian, SR 2677 . bid ferda firfitir fuidb / i n-airiur ingine buidb, TBC-LL¹ 537 . `ind' ainm gach oirir no gach imil, BNnÉ 235 § 156 . conidam túalaing a.¤ críchi d'imditin fri ecrata echtrand, LU 10294 . i n-airiur Eórpa, LL 239a11 ( TTr. 1644 ). neamh an t-oirear as dú dhamh, DDána 3.7 . do chor cuarta na n-oirer i n-imechtair an longpuirt `to scour the districts in the neighbourhood of the camp', AFM vi 2160.10 . a chnuic thoir . . . fuath dot oirear im inntinn, DDána 64.1 .

In n.loc. i mBrethnaibh ┐ i n-Airiur Gaoidhiol Argyle, TFrag. 14.11 . See also Hog. Onom.

Compds. ¤-doimnech: na h-Eirne oirear doimhnighe oileanaighe `deep harboured', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.29 . ¤-glan: co sruth n-oirerglan nuasalcaem . . . nEortanan, BB 244a39 . ragmaít assin airerphurt itaam, LL 220a28 ( TTr. 223 ).

2 anair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 anair or dil.ie/3314

 

(cf. prep. ar). Adv. of place stressed on the second syll., see Bard. Synt. Tr. § 217 .

(a) from the front, before: nath .i. noaid a.¤ `it praises from the front', Auraic. 1581 . occá sirḟegad imme a.¤ ┐ aníar anes ┐ atúaid , LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). In phrase fri x a.¤ towards x from the front, in front of x: fria ó a.¤ in front of the ear, Corm. Y 44 . unsea riu sain a.¤ anechtair before them on the outside, MU² 562 . co n-dechaid gend trit fri fosad a edain a.¤ , IT ii2 242.16 . ro-cúmtaigset eclais . . . fri huamaid a.¤ in front of the cave, PH 6338 . Perh. also in: at-chonnarc and triar fris aníar ┐ anoir ┐ triar ara bélaib ind ḟir chétnae, BDD² 677 .

(b) In same constr. east of (see GOI § 483 ): hiliricum .i. regio inter italiam et greciam .i. fri Grecia aníar et fri etáil anáir to the east of Italy, Wb. 6b17 . bendacht for Colum Cille / co nnóebaib Alban alla .i. fri muir anair `to the east of the sea', Thes. ii 306.23 (Hy. i). fri Manistir a.¤ `east of Monasterboice', 310.32 . ra dún a.¤ , MU² 526 . a aiged frinde a.¤ fri fuined ṅgrene, PH 3320 . With other prepp.: is hé fil hi Cúil Rathin for ur na Bandae a.¤ on the eastern bank of the B.(?), Trip.² 1944 . atá cend ríghdachta na hAráipe chuicci anoir . . . ┐ in Gregc aniar `on the east . . . on the west' (of boundaries of Judaea), Maund. 65 .

(c) from the east (implying motion): ro-dālsat-som etir aníar ┐ a.¤ , Sc.M² 5 . in tan doregasu cot búaib a.¤ , TBFr. 349 . ni terno nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came from the east', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv 323 ). tar éis a techt anoir dhóib (i.e. from Scotland to Ireland), L. Chl. S. 37 . Of the east wind: na gaoithe anoir, TSh. 10711 . With the idea of motion much reduced: ic bán-shoillsiugadh a.¤ do'n la lánsoluis, MR 112.5 . fuair mise . . . mo chuid . . . d'éadálaibh ó Néill anoir from the east, TD 14.21 . Note also: anoirin a ttráigh mar thríallfuid / do shoighin Chláir . . . `from the east', SGS iv 142 § 17 .

Compds. ¤-des from the south-east: i Tír Glaiss fris anairdes, Trip.² 2410 . ¤-túaid from the north-east: 'san gháoth anosa anorttúaidh, IGT Introd. 28.z .

andess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andess or dil.ie/3491
Last Revised: 2013

 

(dess). Cf. aneasan, Bard. Synt. Tr. 215.6 . Adv. of place stressed on the second syll.

(a) from the right: occá sirḟegad imme anair ┐ aníar anes ┐ atúaid , LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). frim andess gl. dessom `to the right of me', Thes. ii 350.32 .

(b) from the south: duimchella son in cathraig andes ┐ aníar ┐ antuaid, Ml. 67d8 . a.¤ in gel gle, amra (of the south wind), SR 70 , cf. Laws i 26.33 Comm. roerig in gaeth andeas, TTebe 278 . do lluid a-mmaidm a.¤ for Beluch S., Sc.M² 20 . co n-acus . . . a n-indread . . . andeas, BDD² 238 . táncatar rompa anes, Acall. 1008 . With the idea of motion much reduced, in the south: indalanái antúaid alaile a.¤ gl. nam duae arcti sunt, Sg. 67b22 . conidfarcaib la German / andes i ndeisciurt Letha, Thes. ii 311.2 (Hy. ii). huarda a.¤ is uarda atuaid (the frigid zones), SR 157 , cf. Laws i 28.22 Comm. i tāib na ratha a leath aneas, ZCP i 104.32 . mac rig na ṅDeissi a.¤ hé, Acall. 2606 . (cryptic) aninches .i. andes, Goid. 78 § 191 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

With fri south of: fri muir galile andess, ZCP xxi 288 § 42 . riund andes atá in slúag, MU² 303 . gia mag . . . in cúlach ruind aness, TBC-LL¹ 1215 . a.¤ do on the south of: amal rundgab sliab sion andes ┐ antuaid dun chathraig, Ml. 67d14 . cusin tráigh . . . leth an[d]es d'Ḟ., Acall. 837 . With prec. di: sliab sión diandes on the south, Ml. 67a2 (cf. díanechtair).

aníar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aníar or dil.ie/3645
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aníarana

(cf. 1 íar, tíar etc.) Adv. of place stressed on second syll., see Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 § 217 and rhyming exx. infra. Also aníarana.

(a) from behind: in fobairthi-si éirgi tairis a.¤ ? Mer. Uil. 60 . occá sirḟegad imme anair ┐ a.¤ anes ┐ atúaid , LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). iter armaib . . . na laechraidi . . . uime anoir ┐ a.¤ `in front and rear', TTebe 983 . In phr. fri x a.¤ towards x from behind, behind x (indicating position rather than motion): condechaid triana chend ┐ co romarb nónbar ris a.¤ behind him, RC iii 179.12 ( LL 13994 ). cethraimthe Taige Midchuardda / bíd fri ríg aniar /teora cethramtha aile / sair co dorus dian, LL 3707 . Perh. also in: fer gill do gíal(d)naib friu a.¤ , Críth G. 586 . triar fris a.¤ ┐ anoir, BDD² 677 .

(b) from the west (very often implying position rather than motion): duimchella son in cathraig andes ┐ a.¤ , Ml. 67d8 . co nn-aca in scath chuci a.¤ , LU 9058 ( FB 81 ). ro-dālsat-som etir a.¤ ┐ anair, Sc.M² 5 . tuc leathtorad maistirtha aniar brought in (i.e. from the kitchen), Lism. L. 1296 = protulit, Lat. Lives 65 . Of the west wind: aniar (anair MS) ind odur engach, SR 72 . i n-aghaidh na gaoithe aniar, TSh. 10718 . With the idea of motion much reduced : coinnm[h]e a-níarana 's a-noir / foirne íarradha eallaigh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 § 218. 9 ( Ériu v 56.59 ). bean do ḟréimh Uidhir fa an-iar / ag réir chliar dar dhoiligh díol a woman . . . from the west, DDána 103.2 . inghean Con Connacht fa a-niar, 12 . fa a thuathaibh do iadh 'n-a fhéithleannaigh / gur léircheangail a-niar go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . do fholchadar . . . / . . . / an maghsain a-noir 's a-niar (: Ghailfhian) on all sides, 33.21 . detiu . . . tair . . . aircsiu nama aniar `in the east . . . in the west', Laws i 66.21 Comm. airm itát na laith a.¤ bérait toilg trisin cath sair, TBC-LL¹ 5773 . do-bhir an ghrian fa Lach Léin / a dath féin a.¤ um nóin, IGT Decl. ex. 884 . don taoibhse aniar `to the west', TD 14.20 . In phrase fri x a.¤ west of x (of position): fri abinn a.¤ , Thes. ii 242.3 (Ardm.). fri grecia a.¤ `west of Greece', Wb. 6d17 . fri iordanen anear, ZCP xxi 288 § 42 . (cryptic) aninchiar (MS. aninoibiar) .i. aníar, Goid. 78 § 192 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

Compds. ¤-dess from or in the south-west: aneordes, Thes. i 3. 18 note c. and p. 715 . adchíad nell a. a ndochum, RC x 72.17 . aniardess (of the wind called Favonius), Hib. Min. 40.10 . ¤-túaid from or in the north-west: a. (of the wind called Circius), Thes. ii 13.30 (BCr.). aniarthuaid (of Pessima), Hib. Min. 40.25 . don aird aniartuaidh, Ériu viii 121.28 . fri Domnach Mór aníartuaith north-west of D.M., Trip.² 2411 . re taobh Themrach aniartuaidh, ZCP xi 44 § 63 .

antúaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. antúaid or dil.ie/3822

 

x see atúaid .

atúaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atúaid or dil.ie/4968

 

Forms: antúaid, atúaidhean, -eamhain

(túaid). In O. Ir. antúaid (cf. Gadelica 133 ). Adv. of place stressed on second syll. In later lang. also atúaidhean, -eamhain (see Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 25 ).

(a) from the north (freq. with verbs implying motion): antúaid cach ṅdiruch gl. flat rectus ab axe `straight from the north', BCr. 19c1 . rogabsat . . . la hairer nErend antúaid, LU 6753 (or to be referred to (c)?). tic-si a.¤ , Fing. R. 16 . Of north wind: atuaid in dub gailbech, SR 71 = anair in gaeth corcra . . . atuaith an dub, Laws i 26.y Comm. corb taithne grian . . . i tuaidh do feruib betha, 22.18 Comm. tuc in míscél leo atuaid a tír Channan, LB 123b24 . a tuaidhean . . . / do smuaineadh leo a leanmhain, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 362.11 . teacht a dtuaidh, Content. xxviii 15 . buidhne thromdha a dtuaidheamhain, Aithd. D. 16.31 . táinig Féinius . . . adtuaidh ón Scitia go Maigh Seanáir, Keat. ii 73 .

(b) With FRI to the north of: friu antúaid gl. sol dexter oritur (i.e. in India), BCr. 35c2 . ata ferta Bice fri tiprait antuaid, Trip.² 845 .

(c) With idea of motion reduced or absent: indalanaí antúaid alaile andess gl. duae arcti sunt; one in the north and the other in the south, Sg. 67b22 . oc tuidecht do P. do Chlochur antúaith (where a. limits C. rather than the verb). TTr.² 2041 . baoi alaile anchoire antuaid o sláne, Mon. Tall. 159.8 (§ 77) . co n-acus . . . a n-indread anair ┐ aníar ┐ andeas ┐ atúaid , BDD² 239 . rí Dúin Ṡobairce an-túaid. Fing. R. 11 . coro fói lee atuaid , 14 . a fosta F. a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5253 .

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

1 blicht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 blicht or dil.ie/6139

 

Forms: mlicht

n u, m. Mid. Ir. form of mlicht. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71. Cf. b.¤ socharthanach sercce, Études Celt. i 80.16 (for 1 bricht ?) milk, a milking, yield of milk: ségamlae .i. lachtmaire. séig din .i. b.¤ , Corm. 40. ad-mestar asa móinib mb.¤ , ZCP xi 85 § 39e . beimni cen b.¤ má ructhar ar mbai blichta úain, LU 5611. ? dia mbligthea co bleachta (combleachta, v.l.) / inad na biad fermar, Anecd. i 47.15 . beti baī cin blichda mnā can fēli fir gan gail, ZCP xii 406.21 . d'ith de bliucht de braich, Metr. Dinds. iv 160.210 . nár choillet ith ná b.¤ i nHérind, BDD² 921. dobeir in ṁb. sin ṁbith `brings milk into the world', Ériu ix 50 § 37. ní roibhe hith na b.¤ a nErinn risin ré sin, iii 154 § 8 . ro metadh b.¤ cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . la haithgein bleachta ┐ aithghein in lachta ┐ in laigh díc, O'D. 2298 ( Rawl. 506, fol. 28v ). berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. ni hionadh eatha, blechta, no bídh é, BS 114 § 57. biaid terci ar blechtaib na mbuar, LB 78 upper marg. smuail bleachta nach báidhfeadh loch (of hell), DDána 37.37 . a sil . . . / d'fhearthain . . . / teasda soin do bhliocht ón bhuarchrodh, 110.48 . tír ina búan b.¤ cédagh / bricht drúadh aga dídean, IGT Decl. ex. 1542. do báthadh ioth is bliocht na Fódla, Keat. Poems 141. b.¤ la mnāi, O'Mulc. 754. Transfd. of abundant yield, produce: dorala bliocht d'iascc, BNnÉ 326 § 47 . aidcgled cach ṁb. mborr-thoraid, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.22 . Fig. bliocht buan-toirtheach blas-chumhra na beatha suthaine, TSh. 2285.

3 brú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 brú or dil.ie/7039

 

n (cf. 1 brá). See Ériu xxi 26 § 2. edge, brink, bank; border: ar bru na seiched, YBL 122b16 . ar bru mona no chuithi `on the edge of a bog or pit', Laws v 330.12 Comm. de b.¤ Berbae balbae `from the brink of . . . B.', Fél. Dec. 22. for bru Boinne atuaid , Thes. ii 310.32 . conéracht Glaiss Chruind fríu . . . co féotár fuirri (.i. fora bru, H), LU 5363 (TBC). for bru in mara `on the sea-shore', Laws i 70.y Comm. for b.¤ in Broga, LU 10701 (TE). ar bru na cilli `at the edge of the church', RC xxiv 46 § 4. do b.¤ Banba barrgile `to the border of . . . B.', Ériu iv 100 § 32. fa bh.¤ bhfoinnlearg bhfochanta, DDána 118.22 . ar b.¤ deróil a derce on the wretched edge of the grave, Metr. Dinds. iii 396.7 . for bru aire close to a satire (?), BB 299a41 , see frithsuide. Mac D. . . .dá lot ar b.¤ do bhearna; / is tú cnoc na cinneamhna, DDána 64.5 . nocha bí acht ar bh.¤ baoghail / san ní nach dú do dhéanaimh in the gap of danger, 10.9 .

Caucaist, Cucaist, Cucais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Caucaist, Cucaist, Cucais or dil.ie/50098
Last Revised: 2019

 

nloc Caucasus in phrr.: tuatha Ithier tuath shlebi Caucaist 'the tribes of Ithier north of Mount Caucasus' TBith.² 197 § 77 . in míl ... ro-soich ar traigh mhara Cucaist, TBith.² 162 § 56 . ón tírsin co sruth nInd síar ... atúaid o Shléb Chucais cain, LL 16192 . tuatha Eitheóir a slíab Guguisg (Chucaist, v.l.), RC xxiv 380.10 .

ceppach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceppach or dil.ie/8720

 

Forms: ceapcha, ceapaighe

n ā, f. (cepp) IGT Decl. § 37 (g s. ceapcha; form ceapaighe proscribed).

(a) Orig. piece of ground where trees have been felled ; `a plot of ground laid out for tillage', O'D. Suppl.: imteact daill isin ceapaigh (name of a metre), IT iii 100.32 . i tochor tāith, hi crāibech ngeiredh, hi cepaig sensaille, MacCongl. 121.33 . in cepach échtadbal iarcúlach sin (of a glade in a forest where a fight took place), Caithr. Thoirdh. 79.26 . do romhar ceapcha ina ccuirfidhe an began síl do bhi aca, BNnÉ 163.19 . nocha n-uil orrlach uile / a connlach na ceapaighe (lochtach), IGT Decl. ex. 958 . 'nar gceapach féin `in my plot of land', Aithd. D. 89.35 (? leg. ar gc.¤ , ed.).

(b) Fig. of slaughter : do-rinnedar . . . urlaidhi agarbh . . . ┐ cepach (ceapthach, v.l.) cirrthi do c[h]uradhuib cros-roinnti a timc[h]ell a tigerna, ML² 1850 . fā h-ár gan áirem ┐ fā cepach gan céill, 1742 . gur bho ceapthach, chiorrtha, chrosmharbtha na catha `ridges', ML 86.13 . tugatar cath cepcha etarra, Celt. Rev. i 226.15 (`stubborn').

(c) Freq. in n. loc. ? conid siat ro selaig in Ceppaig Ferna Moir atúaid (? sic leg.), LL 36901 . conid sé . . . ro leasaig cepaigh Cusantin i.e. cleared and cultivated what is now C. Cusantin, Fél. 92.30 . srón chaillighe Ceapcha (? sic leg.), IGT Decl. ex. 954 . láimh re Ceapaig an Aráin, O'Rah. (1900) 242.5 . See also Hog. Onom.

2 cubat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cubat or dil.ie/13394

 

Forms: comḟot

n (com + fot) later comḟot (comḟot). Not always clearly distinguished from 1 cubat (see ferchubat ).

(a) (equal) length: is fota a ch.¤ for lár mo phoba Ferguis, LU 1605 ( IT ii2 214.56 and note p. 226 ) F. is long (lying) full length on the ground (?), cf. cummat? ni segat acht c.¤ .u. ndorn `a cubit of five hands', Ériu ii 130 § 102 = cethri troigthi a n-airdi, Celtica ix 42 § 54 . do chuireadar c.¤ fir fo thalmain é, Atlantis iv 172.z `a man's height', cf. ferchubat. co ndechaid comhfod fir i talmain a man's length, SG 325.31 . c.¤ láma feróclaig, ZCP xvii 228.11 . tri cubait rigi ranac / i tacmuṅg a munbragat (of monstrous birds), LL 20214 = secht cubait riged, etc.: seven lengths (?) of the forearm, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.27 . c.¤ do léinid lín / im chorpán cach duine díb `his length (?) of . . . ', Bard. P. 53.15 . a cc.¤ dfhottaib an talmhan `sods of earth of like size', Hugh Roe² 22.31 . Of equivalent quantity, amount: cetri ficet sesrai do lemlacht ┐ a c.¤ cétnai de men ┐ beoil `the like quantity', RC xii 86 § 89 . ? da aicde for sechtmoga[i]t / inna cumhat, roghnathaig `in equal quantity he used', Auraic. 286 (= na adhpar comadh gnathach, 2601 ).

B. na f.: nocha dom chloinnsi c.¤ / mac do lugat o Luaigne, ACL iii 310 § 7 . Cf. § 2 and ZCP xii 360 §§ 2 , 8 .

(b) grave : c.¤ Caelchon ┐ a arad, LL 3860 (= comfot, Dinds. 1 § 28 `grave' cited comḟot ). attaat da duma frisin c.¤ atuaid , 3847 = Dinds. 1 § 23 `the grave'. atá Lecht ind Abaic friu anoir. Is amlaid ata in c.¤, sairdes ┐ síardes (of the `Dwarf's Grave' at Tara), § 22 .

In compd. cited ferchubat .

1 daithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 daithe or dil.ie/14322

 

n , f. Nimbleness, swiftness, deftness . ionann dathi ┐ tapaidh, Keat. 6398 . Frequent in chevilles. tarcai turu co ndaithi (:láithe, read laithe) SR 8174 ; cf. túr daith 7844 . óndní is dathi gabálaid, LU 38 a 10 m. (cf. Daithe). dolluid in beist bág dathe, LL 161 a 21 . gairmter mo druid co ndaithe (:gargmaiche), Rawl. 86 b 12 . hisin chath cluite flaithe: tuaid hic Temraig co ndaithe, ib. 88 b 2 . ar dhaithe a ghabáltais, YBL 191 b 21 (cf. Daithe). ar dhaithe a lámaig, Hy Fiach. 20. 4 , 5 . is daithi in ghabáltaighi dogni...forsna harmu, Cóir Anm. 146 (cf. Daithe). bad nathir cona daithi: bad cholum cona gairi (i.e. găiri), Ériu iii 96. 21 . ráiset iarsin ina ndiaigh daithi dála, Anecd. i 74. 1 . ara dhaithe ┐ ara aidhble roimbirset an anchroidhe fair gan fochann, Hugh Roe 52. 1 . bá dainiṁ a dhaithe roimt[h]ig, AFM v 1706. 8 . dá laithe dhég go ndaithe, Rel. Celt. i 144. 9 .— luid Srú mac Esrúi...timchell atúaid trom co dathe Slébe Riffi, LL 134 a 15 = Todd Nenn. 234. 7 (lege co ndathi: Riffi).—MOD. doiche .i. luas, P. O'C.Cf. Daithe.

Danoe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Danoe or dil.ie/14617

 

pn the river Tanais : Eóraip. muir ina timchell atuaid aniar aniardess aness anair ┐ sruth Danoe anairthuaid LL 136 a 29 = Rawl. 78 b 17 (sruth Danai). atuaid anair is aness atá in muir imma mórchness. nosdedland sruth Danai aniar muir Méoit ┐ muir Torrian, LL 135 a 43 (description of Asia).

Danuib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Danuib or dil.ie/14625
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Danobi

pn the Irish development of Lat. Dānubius, Dānuvius, the Danube : co sruth Danaim, Sex Aet. 102 § 70 (33) . ind ócbad rochalma filet isin chorthair thuascertaig in domain fri sruth Danuib atuaid .i. anraid Daccia ┐ Alania, TTr. 1130 . Tracia Moesia Pannuin Réit (i.e. Raetia): siar co sruth Rein (sic leg.) a mórméit: taeb fri taeb do deiss Danuib: o Constantin on Pontmuir, Rawl. 78 b 23 = LL 136 a 33 . .xl. míle beos uathi (sc. ó Constantínpoil) co hinber srotha Danúib (sic, but the rhyme with Pontmuir, Rawl. 78 b 23 , proves short `u' for older times) LB 159 a 48 .—The gen. Danobi, Maund. § 71. 11 (tar sruth Danobí ) is the Latin form.

dílse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílse or dil.ie/16453

 

Forms: dísle, dísle, dílse

n later also dísle , f. (díles) dísle, dílse, f., IGT Decl. § 3 . Abstr. Nouns § 46 . that which is proper to, inherent in, due or belonging to, hence

(a) propriety (i.e. fitness, peculiar applicability, to), passing into notion of appropriation; ownership, possession (of), right over (freq. with obj. gen. and prep. DO of appropriator or owner): asagnintar as nduine . . . intan asmberar uirgilius assagnintar assin doacaldmaiche tre dilsi, Sg. 29a3 . dilse cimbeto a captive's due, Thes. i 484 . cach biad cona dilsi, cona somilsi, cona slāine . . . (sei) eigenes (nicht gestohlen), ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). fiach . . . cona focal ┐ a dilsi ┐ a dilmaine, Bürgschaft 15 § 51a . athgabāil sēt con-imcloī dilsi (.i. a. gabur imin set ┐ imar claechlo a dilsi . . .) distress from `seds' which have changed ownership, Laws i 246 . frithe fairge . . . a dilse uile d'fir frithe sea-waifs become the property of the finder, v 334 Comm. a dilsi do lucht in feruinn cusa tárlu é (of a sea-waif), i 204 . rucus tuinede la fer n-ecoir . . . [Ba] deithbir ar nī bbuī dīlse na aititiu la fer for n-ecrad right of possession, ZCP xv 346 § 37 ( Rawl. 113b20 ). corosgáid A. im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ moa ainm fair entreated them to give him the right of ownership of that plain, Dinds. 69 . tabair-se dilse mo chríche féin damsa, SG 321 . dobreath . . . saer dilsi Muigi mac nErce do is da cloind co brath, Lec. 270a36 asbert M. nach tuc disli a fearaind acht do C. nama (imdillsi, v.l.), Ériu viii 175 . dorat Écubu lándílsi na hingine dó full possession of the maiden, TTr.² 1891 . dorat a ogdilsi fein cona uile maithius dó, RC xii 332 . baile biataigh do iodhbairt don C. . . . it iad slāna na hoghdhilsi go brath, Cadhla Ua D. etc. , `sureties of that perpetual gift', AFM 1176 . Isell C. do cennac ar dilse do Cormac . . . ó h. Flaithnen was purchased in perpetuity by C. from Ua F., CS 1089 . co dardad dilsi fērgleithe co ceann mbliadna, Laws iv 130 . Almu . . . do lecun do ar dilsi, RC ii 90 ( LU 3198 ). dilsi fogla ┐ airgni cathrach na hE. . . . do tabairt do dona hectrandaib the right to plunder and destroy the cities, CCath. 762 .

Hence with subj. gen. property, right, claim: tanic atuaid . . . do thabairt dilsi Gormlaithe ar ecin ō Lagnib, LL 52b15 . freedom, right over one's own actions, emancipation (?): bean nā fuil ac fir ┐ do nā tucad a dilsi, Laws iii 292. 20 Comm. do-rónsam dílsi chennaig frit: latsu 'na rucais linde 'na rucsam we made an appropriation of exchange (i.e. a transference in perpetuity), thine what thou didst take; ours what we took, PH 3217 . feibh mar fuaras dílse an sgéil, | dobhérad díbse a n-iul the truth of the story, O'Gr. Cat. 540 . tenn do denam dind ni as ten . . . is dechned iar ndilsi sin genuinely (?), RC xx 152 . ní dechned iar ṅdilsi tormach sillaibe, 150 . dotuit i ndilsi: dorochair i ndilsi di conid nomen di pudicitia `it has fallen into propriety to her' (i.e. become her special name), Sg. 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsi do, Hib. Min. 168 . direnar in fer uadaib uile, no do rochrathar uile i ndilsi they have all fallen into the right (of compensation), Laws iv 178.21 .

(b) forfeiture . This meaning arises out of (a) in cases where a transference of property is implied, the ownership being forfeited by one of the contracting parties. The follg. instances from Laws illustrate the transition ( ó being used of party which loses, and DO of that which gains possession): mad ro achtaig cin ar ┐ ro hairedh, is dilsi in air cona ṡīl, Laws iv 132 . biaidh dilsi cacha athgabala do eclais and the possession of (right over) every such distraint goes to the church (i.e. is forfeited to it), v 256 Comm. is dilsi a fiach uad `he forfeits the debt' (lit. `it is forfeiture of his debts'), i 114 Comm. dilsi a gill on thi dobeir a geall his pledge is forfeited (lit. the forfeiture of his pledge) by the man who . . . v 188 . dilsi a fiach ōn fir doghni an acra, 310 Comm. When land is seized unlawfully: cach ní berar do techtugadh a dilsi dfir bunaidh, iii 148 . dilsi n-airme `forfeiture of the stock', iii 148 . d.¤ in ratha, ii 270 . dilsi a cotach frithgnuma on adaltraidh, 366 . mleth díchmairc i mmuiliunn mrugḟir, cóic séoit ┐ dílse mine melar díchmairc, Críth G. 239 . trí diubarta forsná íada d.¤ `on which forfeiture does not close', Triads 149 . lánd.¤ do cach láim la fíachu `full forfeiture for every hand with fines' (? one of the duties of a ruler), Tec. Corm. § 2 . druim risna drochgráduib, dílsi gach acabair renunciation of all desire, ZCP viii 215 . imba ar ndilsi co n-ar claind a mainche duit shall it be forfeiture of ourselves with our children into your service? Anecd. i 41 . nech imrét ech i ndomnach, dílsi a eich his horse is forfeit, Ériu ii 204 . a caīrich do dīlsi hi llomrad glassenguirt na rīgna (judgement of Lugaid m. Con), ZCP viii 311 . Note: ni teiged bem i [n]dilsi na [i] ndilmaine uad in vain, TTebe 2526 .

(c) security, pledge, warrant: tucad Pátraic inna dilsi, RC xxxvi 264 ( Rawl. 86a3 ). cach fiach co dísli, cach disli i láim rātha, ACL iii 227 . cach altrom co d.¤, cach d.¤ co rún, 228 . nói ngrad nimi . . . is iat dilsi lúagi lemmthair | dúani Crimthain `they are the securities of the price vouchsafed for C.'s poem', MS. Mat. 491 = LL 45b35 (or pl. of 2 díles?). dodechaid Osraighe i ndilsi fri Leth Cuinn entered into suretyship for (`allegiance with'), AU 858 . rígh Osraighe do bheith i nd.¤ fri L. C., AFM 857 . dobersa dō . . . ┐ doberar Caelaind Craibtheach fris na dilsi I will give him (land) and C.C. shall be surety to him for it (?), YBL 174b39 . ata C. a ndilsi fris fein ┐ fri a ḟearand, 44 . ceithre báis breithe: a breith i ngó, a breith cen dílse . . . (.i. faoi omhan gan árach), Triads 244 .

(d) loyalty, fidelity , (cf. 1 díles (c) loyal ), common in later lit.: issed is dóennacht, dílsi ┐ diute, tua ┐ trebaire, LL 294a34 . d'fiachaib ar Dh. umhla is dísle do choimhéad do R. to be obedient and faithful to R., Keat. iii 5116 . ni raibhe dísle ag duine d'eis Chumhail d'Fionn, 3 B 14, 39 . ní fríth . . . neach . . . do rinne dísle dhoiséin, 41 . ní chomhall sí d.¤ dhamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxx 3 . i n-aghaidh mo dh.¤ dhuid | m'faghail is tríbhse tánuig, TD 14.147 . ar derbdilsi a thinōil ┐ ar lān-mēt a maicne on account of the loyalty of his assembly, BB 426bz . iar ttabhairt . . . chánóine Patraig dhóibh im dilsi dhó having pledged their loyalty to him on Canóin P., AFM 1196 . go mbí fearg Dé rinn tré pheacadh an tsinnsir nó go bhfaghthar linn d.¤ , TSh. 4084 . a ró d.¤ ag díon gach ḟir, Content. xxx 2 .

(e) security, safety: da bhfaghadh arthrach fria himluchtadh ┐ dilsi fria dul ┐ fria techt security to come and go (?), Caithr. CC § 61 . geallaidh disle no ionniollus (= securitatem pollicetur), 24 P 22, 142 . dísli Dé fuair ré a uaisle peace of God (?), 3 C 13, 939 . fágbhaidh cnuas d'ísle san ḟiodhbhaidh | nár dhísle thuas d'iomdhaidh éoin that there was no safety above for the bird's resting place (lit. that it was not safety, cf. 22.6 ), TD 29. 120 .

(f) The follg. exx. perh. belong to a different word, cf. IGT Decl. p. 39.8 : gan ingin righ . . . dho lamhachtain druine nā dhilsi nā dheghlāmhda `to work embroidery or to practise charity (?)', Caithr. CC § 3 . co faccadar na tri hingena ac denam a ndruinechais (a ndruine ┐ a ndísle ┐ a ndeghláma, Fr.), Acall. 7321 .

do-áirci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-áirci or dil.ie/17132

 

Forms: táirged, táirced, taircid, taírcaid, doáirci, doáircci, duairci, tairci, tárci, dofarci, dofairce, táirci, thairce, tairces, tairges, dunáirceat, táircet, taircet, -taircet, dothairced, taircitis, dunáirrcea, dunaircea, dunairrcea, duaircem, dunaircet, taircither, dunairced, -dairgeba, taircebat, duaircibed, dunaircibed, do-áirgébad, dorárricc, doraricc, doráricc, durairric, do-rairg, doraraic, doraraic, dothairg, ro tairic, rontaraig, tharaic, tharic, táircide, táircidi, tárcud

v (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 553 , Bergin Ériu xi 139 ). Ipv. 3 s. na táirged , Wb. 23c13 . táirced, c14 . 2 pl. taircid, Ml. 48b15 . taírcaid, SR 2624 .

Indic. pres. 3 s. doáirci, Wb. 3d19 ; 15b28 . doáircci, 12c26 . duairci, Ml. 76a16 . tairci (rel.), Wb. 12c31 . tárci, 25a4 . dofarci, Corm. Y 1228 . dofairce, ACL iii 293 = Auraic. 1935 . PH 8378 . ni táirci , Wb. 27a28 . ni tárci, Ériu vii 158 . ni thairce , PH 8385 . ¤tárcend, MU² 693 . Rel. tairces, FB § 73 . tairges, IT i 163 . 3 pl. dunáirceat, Ml. 86c14 . táircet, Wb. 3b8 . taircet, Imr. Brain i 21 . ni táircet, Wb. 30b12 . ní tarcat, 31d10 . -taircet, PH 4232 . Ipf. 3 s. dothairced, SR 4521 . 3 pl. ní taircitis , Ml. 98c2 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. dunáirrcea, Ml. 78b22 . dunaircea, 85c2 . dunairrcea, 130a15 . 1 pl. duaircem, 35b3 . 3 pl. dunaircet, 46b15 . Pass. ní taircither , 17d5 . Ipf. 3 s. dunairced, 35a12 . Fut. 3 s. -dairgeba, Laws iii 266 Comm. 3 pl. taircebat, LL 119b29 (forms infl. by gaibid). Condit. 3 s. duaircibed, Ml. 29c10 - 11 . dunaircibed, 100b7 . do-áirgébad (sic leg., Gloss.), BDD² 196 (infl. of gaibid).

Perf. 3 s. dorárricc, Wb. 3c15 . doraricc, 19b23 . doráricc, 3c29 . durairric, Ml. 33b20 . do-rairg, Sc.M² 22 . doraraic, Fél. Aug. 1 . doraraic, SR 7216 , 7193 . dothairg, ZCP viii 539 . BB 16a30 . ro tairic, CCath. 4390 . ? rontaraig, SR 1524 . ? tharaic, 6367 . tharic, 6741 .

Part. táircide, Verbal of necess. táircidi. Vn. tárcud.

(a) In general sense causes, effects, induces, brings about, brings (a result, etc.); in Ml. usually glosses ferre with some object like adiutorium, 19a4 ; auxilium, 78b22 ; praesidium, 130a15 ; sententiam, 35a12 ; or compd. thereof; afferre (exemplum, rationem), 35b3 , 46b15 ; deferre (servitium), 48b15 ; inferre, 27c20 , 29c10 - 11 , 100b7 ; perferre (of a message), 33b20 ; praeferre (officium), 98c2 ; referre, 17d5 , 18a6 ; and incutere (timorem), 85c2 , 86c14 . `fero' taircim, Metr. Gl. p. 4 . doáirci bethid dúnni, Wb. 3d19 , 15b28 . is heside dorárricc báas dúnni, 3c15 ; 3b8 . Ml. 76a16 . ní óen-torbe doraricc dún crux Christi , Wb. 19b23 . ní tarcat torbe, 31d10 . a mba taircide in todernam gl. illato supplicio, Ml. 27c20 . do chalaind ind Auguist | doraraicc mór mbríge, Fél. Aug. 1 . ni thairce tarba nā somáin do nech, PH 8385 . nocho taircci baa dam does me no good, Anecd. ii 9 . co tárcend suba ┐ sogra dond ardríg, MU² 693 . dothairg dubha ┐ dobrōn d'feraib Erenn, ZCP viii 539 . cia domain doairgebad don ríg in gat `what damage the theft would cause to the king', BDD § 18 . ni rotairic oen lā riem . . . don cinidh doennae sama[i]l in rotairicc in la sin dōib .i. a ndith ┐ a mudugud, CCath. 4390 . rotáirgfedh mor do allud do Grécaib, BB 413b35 . ní tárci [in gó] ni di ulc [d]ondí frisa n-eperar, Ériu vii 158 . trefocal cen scáth dofairce cuitbiud which provokes derision, ACL iii 293 . dofarce, Auraic. 1935 ; cf. Corm. Y 1228 . co tarce toil di cach oen | i mbrēithir, i ngnīm, ACL iii 316 . cia lín dond rīgraid rāin ruaid | Temra co n-uail tarcai trāig that causes decline of Tara (?), Rawl. 137a26 . findṡruth arggait, drepa óir, | taircet fáilti cech imróill cause joy, Imr. Brain 40 . ammiti tuathchaecha taircebat mo milliud, LL 119b29 . aingel Dé tharic cech síd (: rádid?) who hath wrought every peace, SR 6741 . ōs dálaib tharaic [Dia] . . . | fot lámaib do dergnamait has placed thy dire enemy in thy hands, 6367 . With FOR: do-fairce péin ┐ digal for nech, PH 8378 . hiligthir a pennind fo mēt torraraic fora chomnesam di saethur the amount of trouble he has caused his neighbour, Ériu vii 158 .

(b) produces, brings forth: rothairg Dia ┐ rotusim donn ūir in uili crand (= produxit . . . de humo omne lignum, Gen. ii 9 ), BB 16a30 = rothairc, Lec. 529a16 (but possibly here the notion is to draw, suggested by produxit, see below). rorāid Dia: doradus daib . . . in uili ḟér tairceas sil for talmain, Lec. 528b27 = BB 15b51 . co ndat ambrite ┐ co nā taircet torad, PH 4232 .

(c) procures, gains, provides, supplies: comartha tairces churathmír dúib, FB § 73 . cia rontáraig Dia bithmaith though God had secured us lasting good (dia prep., Stokes), SR 1524 = tuc sum cech maith dun, MacCarthy 62 . rí doraraic doib mór slúag, 7193 . ? tairgid scēth . . . ┐ cloidme `provide', Ériu viii 28 . mo chathmerge cenand rothairc ferand fó `that has won good land', PRIA xix 550 ( LL 147a35 ). Cf. also follg. exx. from Laws: ni tualaing rodaselba sanna nech nodoren nade tairce, i 202 . ? nad bi ed ōn donairce `if it be not he that acquires it', iii 48 . munar tairg int athuir somuine cuige amuigh `unless . . . has acquired property', iii 64 Comm. fer conae deis n-athar . . . ┐ do tairchid `who accumulates', iv 348 .

(d) Miscellaneous and doubtful uses: in mias atuaid, taircthi rúin, | cosna bargenaib remuir, SR 4353 ; cf. 4521 . Sárnat ben Chonairi . . . rastuc cen temel mar thaircim | Nemed mac Srabcind na srian, LL 138b44 = Lec. 399a6 (do-fairget?). ingen maic Niad co méite, | Téite, notharcitis (rotairgitis, rotairrngidis, v.l.) tuir `whom chieftains used to guard', Metr. Dinds. iii 234 (referred to do-farcai, Gloss.).

In follg. instances from Laws apparently brings, conducts, leads: masa codnach rotargestur in ech dochum in denta who led, iii 254 . mas ī in t-ech rotairgestar in codnach, 256 . slān dona damaib cach uile ní (uile) dara dairgeba in codnach iad ina certimāin `over which a sensible adult conducts them in proper driving', 266 . masa codnach rotairged isin rē comraic `that is drawn into the combat-field', 296 . slán d'fir in eich na huile neiche dara taircebar `over which it is (lit. will be) brought', 180 Comm. In these exx. perh. influenced by tairngid tairgid, prototonic form of do-srenga draws.

See also do-airicc, do-fairget.

do-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-gní or dil.ie/17752
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dogníu, dogni, dogní, dugn, dogniam, dogníith, du-nd-gniid, dogniat, dugníat, denim, nis-denaim, ara-ndeni, déni, n-nad-denam, ndenid, dénat, dogníu, dogním, domgníis, dogní, dogníd, dogníthit, dénaim, ndéin, dogn-, don-, doni, doniam, dénus, dernim, dergenaim, derni, dernat, dernat, dene, da-n-g[n]íid, dénad, do-sn-gniith, dénid, déne, déni, déna, dén, dénad, dénam, dénaid, dénat, dugníth, dugnítis, dognitis, dognínn, dénainn, dognéo, dugneu, dogn, madesgne, dogn, du-n-gné, do-s-gnem, dogneid, dogneith, dogned, dugnet, déne, dena, denae, nad-ndenam, nis-ṅ-denaith, dogner, dogneor, do-neor, donear, dogné, dogéne, dóene, don, dénar, ndiaghnair, ndiaghnum, do-nd-rón, dorón, dorronai, doróna, dorónam, dorónaid, dern, dern, ndern, nderne, derna, ndernam, ndernaid, dernat, d-a-gnenn, dugnén, dognein, dugnitha, dognetha, dogned, dogneth, dugnemmis, dognethe, dugnetis, ndenmis, frisan-dénte, conna-dentis, dendis, tentis, duróininn, duronad, doróntæ, derninn, ndernain, dernad, derṅmis, dernainn, dén-, dern-, dugén, dugene, do-n-genae, dogéna, du-n-genam-ni, do-n-génid, dogénat, digén, digen, digenam, dignem, ndignet, dogén, dian, dogénus, dingén, dingn-, dingnea, dingniam, ndingnair, dergían, dergenat, drónfat, dogenainn, dogenad, dogenmis, digned, digénte, dorigenmais, da-rigente, digéni, degēni, dogéni, dogénsat, dogensatar, dogniset, dognisetar, ndigni, digni, ndénsat, densat, dorigenu(a)s, dorignius, do-m-rignis, do-nd-rigéni, dorigni, dorigénsam, do-d-rigénsid, dorigéensat, dorigénsat, deirgenus, deirgéni, dergéni, ndergini, ndergensat, dernus, dorignius, dorindius, dorinnus, dorigni, dorigne, derigne, dorinne, dorin, dogrinn, dorigénsat, dorigensatar, dorigniset, dorinnsid, dorigéntar, dorinnetar, doringnis, doringne, doringset, do-rig-, dorigsem-ne, dorigset, dergenus, dergene, dergena, deirgeini, ndergensat, rodergenset, dernus, derna, nderna, ndernsat, ndernatar, ndearnadar, ndernaisit, dorónus, do-d-róni, do-s-róna, doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, dorónsat, dorónsatar, dogníther, dogníter, in-déntar, ndéntar, ndénatar, déntar, derntar, dogníthe, ndentae, dogníthe, -a, dognether, dugnetar, ndentar, dénatar, dorontar, dorróntar, derntar, dognethe, dognetis, dente, ṅdenta, dorónta, doróntais, derntá, ndernta, dogentar, dogénatar, dogenaiter, dingentar, dignestar, dogénta, dignesta, dogníth, dugnitha, durónath, dorónad, dorónta, dernad, dorónad, dorónait, dorigned, dorigenadh, dorinded, dorinnead, ndernad, ndernta, dénti, dénta, dénum, do-gní, dogní, dogní, dogní

v (* di-gnī-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 541 ). See ZCP i 350 ff . Indic. pres.— O.Ir. 1 s. dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . 2 s. dogni, 6c16 . 3 s. dogní, 6a8 ; dugn, Ml. 39b2 . 1 pl. dogniam, Wb. 15d9 . 2 pl. dogníith, 9c15 , cf. 25c14 ; amal du-nd-gniid , Ml. 103b13 . 3 pl. dogniat, Wb. 30c14 ; dugníat, 14b17 . 1 s. ní denim , Wb. 12c9 ; nis-denaim, Ml. 75a9 . 2 s. ara-ndeni, 55d21 . 3 s. nad déni , Thes. ii 294.28 , Wb. 31d12 . 1 pl. a n-nad-denam , 16a24 . 2 pl. dia ndenid , 8c11 . 3 pl. ni dénat , 12b20 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dogníu, dogním. ? 2 s. domgníis, BB 350a23 (cf. Dinds. 1 § 14 ). 3 s. dogní; dogníd, Mon. Tall. 128 , 129 . 3 pl. dogníthit, LB 260a59 . 1 s. ní dénaim , etc. 3 s. co ndéin , Maund. 137 . In this, as in other tenses, the stem dogn- is freq. written don-, doni, doniam, etc. 3 s. rel. dénus (for dogní), Fl. Earls 220.2 . With -ro- of possibility. 1 s. ní dernim , RC xxv 24 § 4 , cf. IT iii 47.12 ; ni dergenaim , TBC-LL¹ 4387 . 3 s. nach derni , Ml. 128c3 . 3 pl. ni dernat , Wb. 22d3 ; nad dernat , Tec. Corm. p. 34 .

Ipv. O.Ir.—2 s. na dene , Ml. 55a1 . 3 s. da-n-g[n]íid, Wb. 8d9 . dénad, 28d19 . 2 pl. do-sn-gniith, 24b12 . dénid, 25c17 . Mid.Ir.—2 s. déne; déni, SR 1183 , 5680 , TBC-LL¹ 1495 ; déna; dén. 3 s. dénad. 1 pl. dénam. 2 pl. dénaid. 3 pl. dénat.

Impf. O.Ir.—3 s. dugníth, Ml. 30a3 . 3 pl. dugnítis, 62c13 . dognitis, 22a4 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. dognínn ( donin, TBC-LL¹ 3403 ). ní dénainn .

Subj. pres. O.Ir.—1 s. dognéo, Wb. 17c20 , cf. 3d2 ; dugneu, Ml. 23c24 . 2 s. dogn, Wb. 5d39 . 3 s. madesgne, Thes. ii 246.29 (sic leg., ZCP xiv 8 ). dogn, 12c46 . du-n-gné, Ml. 129b1 . 1 pl. do-s-gnem, Wb. 21b9 . 2 pl. dogneid, 5d30 ; dogneith, 12d7 ; dogned, 25d22 . 3 pl. dugnet, Ml. 120c1 , cf. 83b14 . 2 s. mani déne , Wb. 10a17 . 3 s. mani dena , Ml. 35d14 . ceni denae , Mon. Tall. 138.30 . 1 pl. nad-ndenam, 23c6 . 2 pl. nis-ṅ-denaith, Wb. 6b29 . Mid.Ir.—1 s. cia dogner , K. Sächs. Gesell. Ber. xlii 83 . dogneor, Lec. 531a . sul do-neor , TBC-LL¹ 3078 = siu donear , TBC-I¹ 2276 . 3 s. dogné; dogéne, PH 770 . dóene (= dogéne?), Thes. ii 346.35 , 351.41 . don, 300.30 . 1 s. cia dénar , Ériu i 227 . 2 s. cu ndiaghnair , Lib. Flav. i 36ra23 . 1 pl. cu ndiaghnum , 36ra34 . With -ro- 1 s. do-nd-rón, Wb. 5b18 . dorón, ACL iii 298.16 , Fél. Prol. 269 . 2 s. dorronai, Wb. 32a24 . 3 s. doróna, Thes. ii 1.27 , Mon. Tall. 132.28 . 1 pl. dorónam, Metr. Dinds. iii 448 . 2 pl. dorónaid, Fél. Prol. 186 . 1 s. na dern , SR 1583 . ní dern (dernd, MS.), Ériu vi 116 . co ndern , LU 10644 . 2 s. dia nderne , Mon. Tall. 142 . 3 s. arna derna , Wb. 4a5 . 1 pl. co ndernam , Wb. 22a12 . 2 pl. co ndernaid , 13d30 . 3 pl. ar na dernat , BDD § 94 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. d-a-gnenn, Wb. 10d31 ; dugnén, 10c16 ; dognein, 10a27 . 2 s. dugnitha (leg. dognetha), Ml. 103d16 . 3 s. dogned, Wb. 17a13 ; dogneth, Sg. 21b6 . 1 pl. dugnemmis, Wb. 10c21 . 2 pl. dognethe, 9d25 . 3 pl. dugnetis, Ml. 74a1 , cf. 73d1 . 1 pl. dia ndenmis , Sg. 203a6 . 2 pl. frisan-dénte, Wb. 9c24 . 3 pl. conna-dentis, Ml. 124c20 . mani dendis , 75d2 . mani tentis , 35c18 . Forms with -ro-: 1 s. duróininn, Ml. 46b13 (reading doubtful). 3 s. duronad, Wb. 8a4 . 2 pl. doróntæ, 16a23 . 1 s. nach derninn , Wb. 8a5 . co ndernain , PCr. 2a2 . 3 s. na dernad , LU 8155 . 1 pl. arna derṅmis , Sg. 203a6 . Mid.Ir. ní dernainn , etc.

In later lang. the prot. stem dén- is almost entirely replaced by dern- throughout the subjunctive ( IGT Verbs § 1 ).

Fut. 1 s. dugén, Ml. 30b9 . 2 s. dugene, 41b4 . do-n-genae, Wb. 32a25 . 3 s. dogéna, 26a20 . 1 pl. du-n-genam-ni, Ml. 111d3 . 2 pl. do-n-génid, Wb. 17a6 . 3 pl. dogénat, 13a13 . 1 s. in digén , Wb. 9d4 ; ni digen , Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. ni digenam , Ml. 30c9 . ni dignem , Wb. 17b9 . 3 pl. nad ndignet , Ml. 56b15 . Mid.Ir. dogén (dodén) etc.; ní dian , Lib. Flav. i 17rb24 . 3 s. rel. dogénus, SG 290.13 . ni digén (ní digeón, TBC-I¹ 1647 ). ni dingén , FB § 31 . Most usually with stem dingn-: 3 s. ní dingnea . 1 pl. nocho dingniam , FB § 6 . 2 s. dep. co ndingnair (fut. for subj.), ZCP vi 64.26 . Forms with -ro- are rare:? 3 s. ni dergían , TBC-LL¹ 2808 ; 3 pl. ni dergenat , Ml. 80a9 . Cf. 3 pl. drónfat (= dorónfat), BColm. 50 . Condit. 1 s. dogenainn, TBC-I¹ 2874 . 3 s. dogenad, Wb. 26a12 . 1 pl. dogenmis, Sg. 203a6 . 3 s. ni digned , Ml. 14b4 . 2 pl. nicon digénte , Wb. 9d9 . With -ro-: 1 pl. dorigenmais, TBC-I¹ 177 (LU). 2 pl. da-rigente, Wb. 13b3 ; 11d5 .

Pret. 3 s. digéni, Thes. ii 239 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). degēni, RC xxv 344 (see ZCP xiv 8 ). dogéni, Sg. 185b4 , TBC-I¹ 1732 LU (= dogena, YBL). 3 pl. dogénsat, Trip.² 1380 . dogensatar, Rawl. 142a55 . dogniset, Hugh Roe 102 . dognisetar, ZCP viii 544 . 3 s. nad ndigni , Ml. 23b10 . na digni , SR 6146 . 3 pl. co ndénsat , FB § 77 . ni densat , SG 234.14 . Pret. forms (i.e. without -ro-) seem confined chiefly to 3 s. and pl. and become rare in Mid.Ir.

Perf. 1 s. dorigenu(a)s, Ml. 2a6 . dorignius, Wb. 24b12 , cf. Ml. 23c27 , Fél. Ep. 111 , TBC-I¹ 937 (LU). 2 s. do-m-rignis, Wb. 4c27 ; Fél. Ep. 506 . 3 s. do-nd-rigéni, Wb. 6d2 , cf. 11a30 , Ml. 54a4 ; dorigni, Wb. 4c32 . 1 pl. dorigénsam, 14b26 . 2 pl. do-d-rigénsid, 20d3 , cf. 33d5 . 3 pl. dorigéensat, 5a24 ; dorigénsat, 7d10 . 1 s. nad deirgenus , Wb. 24a14 . 3 s. nad deirgéni , 13b17 . ni dergéni , Ml. 114b12 . nad ndergini , 23c15 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , Sg. 187b6 . 1 s. ni dernus , Ml. 39a11 . In Mid.Ir. and later lang. 1 s. dorignius, etc., cf. Auraic. 651 ; dorindius, Imr. Brain i 65.25 ; dorinnus, CF 98 . 3 s. dorigni, dorigne ( derigne, Hib. Min. 276 ), dorinne, dorin (late). dogrinn, ZCP v 489 § 13 (B. na f.) (see Celtica xiii 25 ). 3 pl. dorigénsat, dorigensatar, SR 5929 ; dorigniset, TBC-LL¹ 2249 ; dorinnsid, SR 3616 , dorigéntar, 6052 ; dorinnetar, -edar (late). Stem do-ring-: 2 s. doringnis, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . 3 s. doringne; cf. 3 pl. doringset, LL 354e5 , Metr. Dinds. iii 16 . Stem do-rig-: dorigsem-ne, Rawl. 142b5 ; dorigset, SR 3533 , 3660 , 3957 , etc. 1 s. ni dergenus , Leb. Gab.(i) 30.2 . 3 s. nochon dergene , TBC-I¹ 2067 . nocho dergena , TBC-LL¹ 2982 . ní deirgeini , AFM vi 2120 , 2142 . 3 pl. co ndergensat , AFM 960 . rodergenset, RC xvi 156 . More usually 1 s. ní dernus , 3 s. ni derna , co nderna , 3 pl. co ndernsat , co ndernatar (go ndearnadar ). co ndernaisit , AU 1101 . Further 1 s. dorónus, etc. 3 s. do-d-róni, BDD § 26 ; do-s-róna, SR 295 ; doróne, doróine, doróigne, doróinde, dorogn, Trip.² 1038 . 3 pl. dorónsat, BDD 134 , 168 . dorónsatar, MR 142.1 .

Passive. Pres. s. dogníther, Wb. 10c11 . pl. dogníter, Sg. 35b13 . in-déntar, PCr. 66a1 ( Thes. ii 230 ); ara ndéntar , Wb. 2a10 ; pl. lassa ndénatar , Ml. 84a11 .

Ipv. déntar; (with -ro-) derntar, Ériu ii 200 .

Impf. s. dogníthe, Wb. 15a18 . i ndentae , Ml. 24d9 . Mid.Ir. dogníthe, -a.

Subj. pres. s. dognether, Wb. 29a21 ; pl. dugnetar, Ml. 112d8 . ara ndentar , Ml. 30d13 ; pl. mani dénatar , Wb. 8a11 . (With -ro-) dorontar, Mon. Tall. 146.31 . dorróntar, Wb. 13d21 . arna derntar , Ml. 93a1 . Impf. s. dognethe, Wb. 9c20 ; pl. síu dognetis , SR 7853 . s. mani dente , Ml. 29a6 ; co ṅdenta , Sg. 9b2 . dorónta, 65a1 ; pl. doróntais (?), Corm. Y 324 . na derntá , TBC-LL¹ 5758 ; co ndernta (usual prot. form in Mid. Ir.).

Fut. s. dogentar, Wb. 4d1 ; pl. dogénatar, Fél. Ep. 176 ; dogenaiter, LU 4256 . Mid.Ir. ní dingentar ; ní dignestar , MacCongl. 35.11 . Condit. s. dogénta, TE 9 (Eg.). na dignesta , MacCongl. 45.15 .

Pret. dogníth (Mid.Ir.); pl. dugnitha, Ml. 73a19 . Perf. ced durónath , Wb. 33a15 ; dorónad, 15a33 , BDD § 133 . pl. dorónta, Sg. 216a1 , Fél. Prol. 239 . lasan dernad , Thes. ii 289.5 . In later lang. dorónad (Keat.), dorónait; dorigned, BDD § 133 ; dorigenadh, Corm. Y 685 ; dorinded, dorinnead. co ndernad ; co ndernta .

Vbl. of necess. dénti, Wb. 12d41 . Part. dénta. Vn. dénum. IGT Verbs § 1 .

The meanings of do-gní fall under two main heads, does (I) , and makes (II) . As both these senses are often implicit in the Irish, the classification given below is to some extent artificial. Examples in which the notion of activity seems predominant are referred to I, those in which that of formation is uppermost to II; but often only the context can decide to which head an instance belongs, e.g. dogní comairle takes counsel (I) , or forms a plan (II) ; dogní dliged administers justice (I) or makes (promulgates) a law (II) .

I

(a) does , implying action in the widest sense: a ndugniat ar magistir, is ferr dún a dénum, Wb. 14b17 . a nāt denat ar magistir, ni dignem-ni, 15d6 . cach óin dodgéna samlaid whosoever shall do thus, Thes. ii 235 . níb ar adbchlos do dóinib, ba ar Dia gacha ndene let all thou doest be (done) for God, Ériu ii 172 . 'n-a forcongrai do cach aen, co ndosróna fodhein what thou ordainest for others, do thyself, ACL iii 316 , cf. LB 261a30 . cid dogní-siu sund, a gillai?, TBC-LL¹ 1401 . cid dogén mana fagar . . . iat?, ZCP viii 113 . ronertat nád dernat they strive after what they cannot do, Tec. Corm. p. 34 . ní fil ní bad toil ria cóemchéle na dingned, LU 3912 ( SCC § 42 ). cid ed ón dorigenmais-ni we could have done even that, TBC-I¹ 177 LU (glossed .i. rofetfaimmais a denom). damad messe Finnachta . . . nocho dingenaind 'na nderna, LL 307b19 . a n-atchondcamár dorigénsam, LU 1780 = RC ix 486 . ma dorontar ón if it can be managed, Mon. Tall. 146 . ni derntar isin cath ni nad fesur uaid let nothing be done . . . without my learning it from you, TBC-I¹ 3527 . Often in response to a command: guidh in Coimdhi[dh] lem . . . Dagēntar, ZCP iii 33 . With DE, FRI, DO of pers. or thing, does with (to): ised dognith de was done with him, IT i 142 . ní fhetar . . . cid dernad de, TBFr. 295 . an ro chara, dagné dímsa, 303 . cid má ndénai-siu damsa sain? TBC-LL¹ 218 . cid dogenam friu-so[m]?, Hy. ii 10 Comm. ( Thes. ii 311 ). cid dogéin (leg. dogén) frit chorp coemdil? what shall I do with thy body? SR 2050 . cid dogéntar friu?, TBC-I¹ 173 (LU). In neg. phrases with acht and cen: asbert ni digned acht sid, BB 193b24 . drong nach déin acht droichdhíol fiach, TSh. 4650 . aderaid . . . na denaid na leagha acht biadh do bacail don othar that physicians do nothing but prevent the sick from eating, 23 P 10, 152vb36 . is demin nach dingin-sea gan in comrac-sa do denam that I shall not refrain from fighting, Aen. 2931 . ní dingnuind-si ar ilimud maithesa gan dul ann, ZCP vi 72 . In passive often happens, takes place: in talamscugud dognither and, CCath. 1015 . amhail dorónta cidh iarttain, Hugh Roe 256 . doridned . . . co n-edbrad Cain māine (= factum est ut offerret C., Gen. iv 3 ), Lec. 530b38 . doridned laitheada Adaim iar tusmed Seth do .i. ocht cét bliadan (= facti sunt dies Adam . . . octingenti anni, Gen. v 4 ), 531b49 . cf. 532a1 , 27 , 32 , 43 , in all of which the pass. of dogní is an artificial translation of Lat. fieri.

(b) Used to avoid repetition of another vb., like Eng. do (see Celtica i 318 ): — báidhter ón, ar Mac an D. — Ni dingnum itir, ol M., Imr. Brain i 64 . — imrem fithchill. — Ni dernus riam, ar C., Ériu v 30 . do slechtadar . . . damsa ┐ doghenaid duitsi mar sin, CF 215 . dia hingreim doridhisi amail dorighni fecht n-aill, BS 122 . rocomroic Ioib riasi . . . amal danid re hIunaind, TTebe 782 . sechain toil na drúisi amail dodhenta tiagarna fuar as you would (shun) an unfeeling master, Ériu v 138 . smachtaigh do ben amail dodhenta do mac, 114 . damad maith lat a losccadh, dogéntae, Moling 42 .

(c) fulfils, executes, carries out (a wish, command, etc.): dénaid mo réir-se, FB § 16 . dén reir do mathar is t'athar, ZCP vi 272 . in airet donet mu reir, Lism. L. 3522 . ní dingna réir do lethéid he will not obey the like of thee, Fianaig. 74 . co ndernur do reir, Ériu iii 14 . is noeb cach oen dugní toil ind ríg, Thes. ii 294 (SP iv). is lestar fás . . . nad déni thoil ind ríg, ib. doní toil a menman ria, Imr. Brain i 65 . ní dingnum do comairle we will not take your advice, IT ii2 134 . da ndernair-se mo comhairle-si, Ériu v 98 . dia mbadh mo chomairli-si do-gneithi ann if my advice were followed, Leb. Gab.(i) 252 . nephetarcna inna timnae ndiade ata deinti that are to be carried out, Ml. 58a20 . Cf. further: dorinde C.C. an t-abur docum ar cruthaigh Dia é accomplished the purpose for which God created him, BCC § 376 .

(d) Freq. with object either directly expressing or implying activity of some kind.

(i) With an accus. of kindred meaning: is gnim anecni dogníu, Wb. 17c11 . dorinnsid gnim n-imamnas, SR 3616 . truag lim-sa in gnim dognither isin maidin-sea, TBC-I¹ 2314 . co ndernsat gníma móra, IT i 76 . dorigéni gnímrada gaile forro, TBC-LL¹ 1967 (dorinde, St.). ní dern (dernd, derd, MSS.) sáithar cen ḟochraic may I do no work without reward, Ériu vi 116 . ar nā dendáis gním no mugsaine isin domnaig, Ériu ii 200 . in muid dungní cach oen láu of the work he does every day, Thes. ii 294 (SP ii). síu donear mo mudu | i fiadhnaisi int sluaig, TBC-I¹ 2276 = TBC-LL¹ 3078 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt, Ériu iv 110 . ní dénat firtu they do not work miracles, Wb. 12b20 . dogníth mór fertae he wrought many miracles, Hy. ii 33 . a ndorigne do ḟertaib, v 67 . cumbad for Martain dogneth Dia in mirbuil-sin, RC ii 388 = Lat. Lives 89 . ni dernad ┐ ní dingentar mirbuil bud mō, Todd Lect. vi 71 . in torand-chless dogní-siu, TBC-LL¹ 1756 . a cleas dorigniusa fiada the feat I have performed before him, TBC-I¹ 1270 . it e dorigensat ind abairt sin, 1425 (LU). cid mór do chomramaib gaili ┐ gaiscid dogné nech, 1862 . ni fo cian . . . co nderna-som béit n-aile, 486 . ni dernnsat ban-echta ban, MR 212 .

(ii) With an abstract subst. as obj., to express a moral action or a feeling: ainmne do dénam to exercise patience, Ériu i 196 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime, ACL iii 295 . na dene ainmnit show not patience, Ml. 55a1 . amarus dogní forom-sa he suspects me, SG 80 . dia mbad athirge dognéth Adam if A. repented, SR 1409 . ac Rígh corpgil doron athirge dim phecthaib may I be penitent, ACL iii 298 . co ndernur aithrigi is fedbdacht, 243 . digal ind ancridi dogní nech frit, Sg. 181a6 . dentar anlecht let-sa fri hA., TE 8 (Eg.). adubairt . . . co nderrna si brég ara gelladh, ZCP vi 277 . conadh becc mbuada nó mbuadhnaisi badh denta do Poimp de P. had little reason to exalt, CCath. 5096 . dognidh buidechus mor, 6000 . dénaid chalma be valiant, LL 225a23 ( TTr. 581 ). cein dogeni calma, TBC-I¹ 1267 . is í tra celg dosgní Guaire, SG 64 . in ceasacht do[g]niad na mná the niggardliness which women practise, Ériu v 24 . ní dhénadh cert nā dligedh uime would not do right or justice, TTebe 832 . dēni (déne, LU) cōir ngaiscid frim give me fair play, TBC-I¹ 1288 . masa chonnalbai dogni, 234 . do-nídís crábhadh, TSh. 8928 . dogni mo chumtabairt thou art doubtful of me, SR 2888 . is coir dáibh-si . . . deghmenma do denamh to be of good courage, CCath. 1692 . co ndenad deirc móir dend airliud used to perform great charity, Hy. v 25 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332 ). maircc doní díomas as ór who is proud of gold, KMMisc. 364 . gan a dhiomdha do dénomh without grudging, ZCP viii 221 . co n[d]ingen-sa díth ┐ dochar duit, vi 49 . dogní dormuine, SG 373 . adrubairt A. riu gen drochciall do denam not to act foolishly, TTebe 416 . cid ben dognē drūis, KMMisc. 272 . rium-sa na déna duilghe be not harsh to me, BS 88 . mór d'eniuch dorigne much hospitality did he exercise, ZCP viii 272 . fer . . . na derna espa riam, YBL 164a5 . a fhir doghni an t'éad who art jealous, O'Gr. Cat. 604 . cid fáilte . . . dungneu `though it be joy I . . . make' (feel?), Ml. 92a17 . déni fatchius be on thy guard, TBC-LL¹ 1495 , cf. 1419 . ferg fri suide ní dernaim I cannot get angry with it, IT iii 47 . ni denad fearg fri nech, YBL 155b47 . nar cóir dó ferg do denamh re F., BCC § 160 . ni dū d'fir an fiabrais fearg do denam a fever patient should not get angry, 23 P 10, 153vb23 . a ben, ní dēn fingail fort, SR 1539 . go ndiongnadh fírinne might speak truth, Keat. ii 3667 . nach iad na mairtirigh amháin dorinde an foidhidi-so who displayed this patience, BCC § 7 . an tí doni foighinne 'n-a bochtaine who is patient in his poverty, Ériu v 130 . ná dern féin forcraid lest I be guilty of excess, SR 1583 . an gairdechus dorinne, Fier. 179 . denaidh gliccus deal cunningly, 189 . doní da gaib gus achieves valour with his spears, Imr. Brain ii 288 . dénatt idna let them practise purity, BColm. 98 . ni denta iongnadh dom faicsin-si andso let no one wonder, ZCP x 285 . doním iongantas I am surprised, Keat. iii 5485 . má día bfaghainn-se bás de, | dá fhios ní dingninn leisce, SG 64 . dogním less na n-anm[ann]a, SR 1196 . an té doní les a cheli, assé a les fene doni, BCC § 202 . cia . . . ná digni m'amles, SR 6146 . ni dhernus-sa th'aimhlessa I have done you no hurt, BS 146 . truid . . . .i. on luas doni from its speed, Corm. Y 1236 . doriṅgnis maith reme sut ┐ dogéna 'n-a diaid, TBC-LL¹ 5778 . níchon dergeni nach maith, TBC-I¹ 2067 . nā hindis fein maith da ndingne do not tell any of the good you do, ZCP vi 272 . co ná dernad orm mebal, SG 57 . doghníd méirdreachus, craos ┐ droichbhearta eile, Eochairsg. 10 . meisge do dhenamh, Luc. Fid. 118 . denaidh míne ris deal gently with him, RC xxix 122 . nert ni dernim strength I cannot exercise, xxv 24 . aindre áille uchtgheala, | ettorra doniodh a óighe he kept his virginity, ZCP i 64 . do neoch na dene olcc nach annrecht friu, Laws iv 176 . co brath nocha dingned olcc, Ériu v 26 . cach olc donithea fri hUltu, ZCP v 504 . ni fuil olc nar dernsamar riu, TBC-LL¹ 5697 . dogniat cach pecad, Wb. 30c14 . da mionca doghnídh duine peacadh marbhthach, Eochairsg. 12 . an tí nach denand peccadh, BCC § 182 . denam pennait buan, SR 1573 . atibset in linn . . . ┐ ni dernai pudar doib did them no harm, Hy. iv Pref. ( Thes. ii 323 ). mór an pudhar do ronsaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 32 . dogné sáiri na sruithe, Ériu i 198 . dogniat subachas ┐ somenma, SG 346 . ma dogné tarba if you make use (of it), Ériu v 116 . na dena tnuth re duine envy not, 126 . doróine trocaire riu, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . cad é an fáth as a ndéanfá-sa trom ar mhnaoi that you should be so hard on (another) woman, O'Gr. Cat. 620 . trom oirne níor déanta dhuibh, Ó Bruad. ii 134 . tuirsi oca cia donéo though I grieve thereat, Ériu vii 240 . cach úabar dogensat all the pride they have been guilty of, Ériu i 201 . int aenmacc ríg is mó dorinne d'uaisli ┐ d'agh ┐ d'orbert, ZCP viii 111 . uamun brátha . . . cia dogneimmis ba cooir 'twere right for us to be in fear of Doom, SR 8052 .

(iii) Esp. with a vn. or equivalent, as periphrasis for finite tense of vb. (see Celtica i 318 ): denaid anmain stay , KMMisc. 313 . doroine Rónan altugadh buidhe do Dia, BS 176 . intan ba hāin phuill dognitis, TBC-I¹ 496 . tugas fom bréithir . . . nach diongnainn ár that I would do no slaughter, ML 114 . is leis dorignead cet-ar ┐ cet-buain ar tus he was the first to plough and reap, Lec. 66b5 . an beannachadh dorigne Bóas ar a mheithil, Eochairsg. 41 (cf. do-beir bennachtain for . . .). an duine doni moran cainnti who talks much, Ériu v 130 . denam cennach let us make a bargain, BS 88 . co ndénsat cennach fris, FB § 77 . in codlud doniat na fir, Aen. 2069 . d'éis an chodalta-sa dorinnus, CF 98 . go ndéana mé suan beag codhlata till I take a nap, 144 Eg. in comerge dorigni in phéist, FB § 85 . dorinne coimerghi romuinn he rose up, Fianaig. 58 . ni deinim comnaidhe i n-áon áit I do not abide, BS 177 . go ndingnadh oirissemh ┐ comhnaighe issin gcathraigh, Fl. Earls 142 . doberim dom bréthir . . . nach dingnum comól that we shall never drink together, Fianaig. 78 . déna creidemh gan mhirún believe , Duan. F. i 74 . cumann cleithe nocha ndernus I have had no secret amour, Ériu i 20 . gé dognéi-si dioghal dhe, BS 150 . doní faisnéis, Triads 141 gl. (p. 39) . dogen fireolas duit I will guide thee, CF 26 . ná dén escar do not fall, O'Gr. Cat. 662 . dorinde doib faistine, BB 21a17 . in fégadh doróine Diarmaid darsan bhféice on D.'s looking across the ridge-pole, SG. 72 . do dheanamh foghlamtha to get training, RC xxix 110 . co nderna an ríghan a fáisidin till the queen make her confession, Imr. Brain i 65 . forcetol ba menciu dogníd Petar, FA 32 (LU). doronsat frithaire, Todd Nenn. 82 . doní Lassair araile gaitt irisech commits a certain pious theft, BColm. 84 . dognither guin galann d'Ailill a wound is inflicted on A., RC xxiv 186 . ní dergenaimse icc andso I cannot effect a cure, TBC-LL¹ 4387 . an tí nach deanann idhbuirt dona deibh, RC xxxiv 322 . dorinneadar imram they rowed, CF 32 . doronsad iomrámh, ML 44 . déna imthecht depart , SG 60 . déna ingeilt ois practise pasturage, KMMisc. 262 . an lucht doní ingreim don phobul who attack, RC xxxiv 308 . maoladh do dhenam to become bald, 3 C 19, 53 rb 1 . dodéna an mesrugud he will do judgement, ZCP viii 211 . cia dognéo móidim, Wb. 17c20 . isund dognither int ongath here the anointing is done, Thes. ii 251 . precept doroine S. abb Roma, FA 32 (Eg.). ronnaire .i. ronnad doni don biud, Corm. Y 1124 . slond gnimo dogni indidit the indicative conveys the signification of the action, Sg. 153a3 . dorinneadar sealbh dár mbuinne sriobhmall took possession of, 3 C 13, 897.13 . is me dorigni in seilgc séig who hunted the deer, SR 2869 . dorónsat selgad, SG 328 . doronsad sealga, RC xxiv 196 . ni derna riamh thochus he never scratched himself, Mart. Don. Oct. 21 . dénum ar sibal let us pursue our course, Hy Fiach. 218 . is écoir an smuaineagh (leg. -eadh) dorindius I was mistaken in my thought, Imr. Brain i 65 . doni se snam ar in olaid it floats on oil, 24 B 3, 94.24 . rón i. animal, on roṡnam doni, Corm. Y 1115 . tecmáil rim ge dorinde though he encountered me, Ériu iv 216 . dentar teichedh linn let us flee, BS 104 .

With obj. gen.: huare nach derni a adamrugad he cannot (express) admiration of him, Ml. 128c3 . dobretha M. filid ara chend, co nderntais a aerad ┐ a aithised that they might satirize and revile him, TBC-I¹ 2213 . ascnam ind ecna . . . dognitis, Alex. 807 , cf. Anecd. v i . is Patraic dorigne a mbaitsed P. baptized them, Hy. ii 16 Comm. ( Thes. ii 313 ). doníat a berbhudh ┐ a thomailt they cook and eat it, Marco P. 152 . doni bisec a dhorchadais increases , Ir. Astr. Tr. 90 . caemc[h]ód bachall dorónsatt they exchanged croziers, BColm. 84 . déni mo chobair, RC viii 152 . asbertatar fri Coinculaind dognithi (dognithe, LU) a chuitbed isin dunad that he was being mocked, TBC-I¹ 1639 . dermad na luirighi-sin dorondad, oir ni thuc leis o Ailich that corslet was forgotten, YBL 209a28 . dorag-sa co nderna-su mo dichendad, TBC-I¹ 1299 . dorigni in diliu a ndilgenn, SR 2724 . ní dénad écnach neich, Hy. v 5 Comm. ( Thes. ii 327 ). darónais a n-etargaire, LL 120b43 . dogéan-sa a ḟaillsiugad don rig I will reveal it, Todd Nenn. 96 . dena fothrucud, SR 1598 . ni dernai glanadh a gnúsi nó tonach a lāmh, CCath. 1170 . a gerrad dorindead a broind a mathar he was excised, Ériu ii 176 . trénfir dodigenat m'íarmoracht who will follow on my track, LU 10261 . dūs in foigebtais . . . nech doneth (sic leg.) a n-imditin anyone to protect them, SR 5564 . dena a impodh turn it, Moling 47 . doni mo ghnuis incosg mo chineoil my face proclaims my race, RC xxxiv 312 . mad indscuchud donead lucht na saith if . . . have gone away, Laws iv 174 Comm. dentar irgnam bid ┐ lenna, CRR 23 . dogentar liumm do leigheas, TE 10 (Eg.). dorinne a marcaighecht he rode it, Ériu v 190 . dognít a n-oegidecht la fer n-amra they stay with, LL 281a40 . atbertsat . . . na dingnetís a n-oirfited would not entertain them, PH 895 . doronad a n-orddugud, SR 82 . na léic uait in dana bocht | nó co nderna anocht a riar till thou have attended to his wants, SG 20 . dorinne M. ár seachna has abandoned us, ML 118 . rí dorigni scail int sluaig who scattered the host, SR 2769 . dén-sa do slondadh dhamh-sa tell your name, BS 102 . ronsnādat .i. donet ar sóerad, Hy. v 92 Comm. ( Thes. ii 348 ). dēca in ba teclaim na fertus dogena fá [a] n-imscothad whether you are to select the shafts or strip them, TBC-I¹ 782 . dena mo theagosc instruct me, ACL iii 241 . dena mo thinchosc, SR 1581 . dorigni tochmarc inna ecailse do Chríst he had wooed the Church, Tur. 48 . cibe uair dogentai tochmharc a hingine, Ériu iii 168 , cf. TE 9 (Eg.). dentar trial mo berthasa let an essay be made to tonsure me, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). ní fail doruirme .i. doné a thurim, v 67 Comm. ( Thes. ii 344 ). Note also: do[g]ním-se . . . bheth ag denamh mo chloise (leg. chless?) ngoile, RC xxix 114 .

(iv) With nouns indicating sounds: crandord dogníd cacha nóna he used to bellow (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1538 . da nderna fogur . . . le n-a fiacla (of a sick person), 23 P 10, 3b42 . a dhoimh do[g]ni an fogharán that lowest, BS 80 . dorinneadar na cineadhacha fuaim, Psalms xlvi 6 . cad fá ndernais in gáire sin? why did you laugh? SG 239 . dorinne int aitheach geanus grainemhail gāire, Ériu v 180 . doronsat guba mor, Metr. Dinds. iii 483 . an úall-so doghniad na sluaig, Ériu i 103 .

(v) With bás or similar subst.: ni diṅgnea bás doibsiut acht intí dogéna bás dam-sa no man shall kill them unless he kills me first, TBC-LL¹ 432 . taiscter lib in cloidem so, | arm dá ndingantar ernmas, SG 252 . co rodergensat a aided killed him, RC xvi 156 ( Dinds. 144 ). co ndergenai a haided 'sin loch út she perished in that lake, SG ii 468 . déanam éag (= moriamur), TSh. 2371 .

(vi) With ceist discusses (an argument), pleads (a cause): ná derntar isin domnach ceist ná caingen, Ériu ii 200 . isi cet-ceist ┐ cet-imcomarc dorigm diabul isin domum, BB 16b45 . is ann doníatt gach ceistt cruaidh ┐ cach documal comairle, Maund. 21 .

With comairle takes counsel, holds a council: co ndernadh comairle ag maithib Dhál A. cia dorachadh, etc., BS 50 . g u ndernadh Aengus in ri | rena chairdib comhairli, BB 30b28 . ni mhaidh for Laigniu da ndearnat a comairle ann (sc. in a certain spot), RC xxiv 50 . Cf. (c) supra and II (d).

(vii) With cath or similar subst.: doronsad cath fearrdha they fought, ML 18 . ni digéon-sa comrac fris, TBC-I¹ 1647 ; 1304 , 2439 . coná dernum deibech, 2671 . dognítis forbais . . . ar oirrighaibh Erenn, SG 36 . nocho dentais gleic, LL 142b24 . dorinnetar gleó fíchda, Fianaig. 90 . dorinneadar an irghail co hingantach, CF 883 . dorín Brian . . . sluagh Mumhan made a hosting of Munster, O'Gr. Cat. 521 .

(viii) With subst. denoting agreement, compact, etc. (rather to be referred to this head than to II, such a subst. being regarded in Irish as a quasi-vn.): doronsat aentaig re Cruithnib, Todd Nenn. 42 . dogénsat bráthirse frisna túatha made an alliance with, ZCP viii 315 . dorondad brathairse iter firu Erind ┐ Alban, YBL 126b13 . dogeni cairdes fri suidiu, TBC-I¹ 2967 . rofrecart-sidhe . . . in dingne[d?] cairdes dosidhe would she grant him a truce, Anecd. ii 51 . dia ndernam caratrad, Imr. Brain i 43 . dogniat cōrai make peace, TBC-I¹ 1426 . denamm cotach is cardes, SR 1150 . na dénaid friu . . . cuibdi, cardes no clemnas, 4843 . doróine a chatach fria naomu Arann, SG 40 . digensat essomon, Anecd. iii 60 . dorigensatar síd, SR 5929 . mina dēnair sidh ris . . . dodhēn cogudh rit-sa, ZCP vi 49 . ní denta lá sída céin ba beo never a day's peace was made (with them), SG 49 . daróine ar síth . . . gan díth óige donn' inghin he wrought peace between us, ZCP viii 562 .

(ix) With nouns indicating respect, favour, etc.: dorinnidar gloire do Críst gave glory to, Lib. Flav. i 2ra2 . Ri dorigne . . . humalloit dia apstalaib, SR 7697 . fiadhaighis riasna clerchib ┐ dorona umhaloid doib, Hy Fiach. 38 . dorinne umhla dhó, Ériu i 93 . i n-ainm an aird mhic doghní grása, O'Gr. Cat. 545 . dorigne grása ar an duine uasal showed favour to, Eochairsg. 113 .

(x) With cáin, etc. = dobeir c. (for) levies: bid fáid . . . dingenai (dogenai, v.l.) soerc[h]ain for slabri, ZCP ix 453 . co nderna rí Locha L. cáin for cach tūeth, viii 316 . dorinneamarne seacht gcéad loiligheach ar mhuinntir F. we assessed . . . at seven hundred milch-cows, Maguires of F. § 78 .

(xi) Of a calling, art, etc., practises, plies, performs: ba hesnad ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae, Corm. Y 562 . do[g]nídh Neiptis . . . cúiseach bind, Ériu iv 174 . is álaind, a macáin, in cluichi dogní, Ériu i 118 . oés dogní dán artists, Triads p. ix . dénaidh bhar nd(h)ána perform vour arts, Ériu iv 178 . dogénadsa elada, SG 274 . doronsat na hingena éladna inganta, PH 897 . etar fileda ┐ áis ndénma sairse artists, SG 212a11 .

(xii) holds, celebrates (a festival, etc.), observes, performs (a rite): feis Temrach gach tres bliadain . . . dognithi in tan sin go tenn | ag rígaib amra Eirenn, O'Gr. Cat. 578 . is leis dorónad feis Temrach ar tús, ZCP viii 325 . is amlaid dognithe in tarbfes, LU 3450 ( SCC § 23 ). oenach dogníthe la Ultu cacha bliadna, 3222 (§ 1). aenach Taillten do denom la rí[g] Erenn, RC xviii 275 . co ndernad mor-thinol clerech nEorpa co Torinis, Todd Nenn. 188 . dogníed mórdál Dromae Ceta la rígaib Éirenn, BColm. 54 . co ndéntais a n-airechta saidbre sédacha, Ériu iv 163 . mairg fearu Eirenn na denann feil Patraic, Lib. Flav. i 25rb38 . na hIudhail, as é lá doníd an féil, O'Gr. Cat. 309 . doní secht n-aifrinn ann, BColm. 82 . dogníat ord in domnaig etir salmu ┐ precept, Imr. Brain ii 285 . is cóir degurd do denam ann indiu to perform the proper service, Ériu i 44 . is lais dogníad urddu téchtai (of monks), 219 . acht co nderna se a trātha provided he observe the canonical hours, ACL iii 222 . is ann dogen mo trátha-sa, RC xiii 98 . antan dogni-som figild performs a vigil, Mon. Tall. 128 . ceni denae crosfigill, 138 . dogníd-som immon Michil lasin crosfigill he performs (recites) a hymn to Michael, 137 . l(o)nd sailm aurnaigi déulái . . . .i curp lai dusgnid-som the evening psalms of prayer he performs in the middle of the day, 129 . déna soiscél dúind read a gospel lesson to us, Imr. Brain 164 . as innte dorónsat an Chaissc celebrated Easter, AFM 1201 (iii 130) .

(xiii) Miscellaneous exx. in which there is either transference of obj. or extension of the meaning of the vb.: int shūil dogen-sa fris the look I will give him, TBC-I¹ 705 . dolotar na daimh fon dithreb . . . ┐ doronsat a[l]-lá ria n-aidhche did their day's ploughing, BNnÉ 39.13 . dorigset sét . . . do Ramissa journeyed , SR 3957 ; 4073 . donim slighi . . . ga n-iaraidh sin, Lib. Flav. i 21rb17 . fios na slighe[dh] dorinne Cúchullainn the road C. took, RC xxix 116 . do chaora dhuit . . . do[g]nim do bhreith breitheman I award thee thy sheep, ZCP xii 382 . doníd-sium a daithin gach n-oidci eats his fill, ZCP i 103 . cid indhí nad caodet (= chaithet) feoil dogres, dogniad pars isind Chaisc de feoil take a piece of meat, Mon. Tall. 132 . dochum na chuchdin dóib co ndenad cách díob and pars de feoil, ib. ní derna sé a shuipér farusan did not eat his supper with them, BNnÉ 114 . go ndernsat a medhon laoi took their midday meal, Fl. Earls 28 . doni na briathra-sa utters , Lec. 611a27 . doronsad . . . cainbriathra do righ Érenn, KMMisc. 313 . ised dorígne Alaxandir i n-a eipistil comdar casa . . . iat A. said in his letter that . . ., Alex. 719 . cid fogním cid fochésad dorróntar in hoc uerbo one can express oneself both in the active and the passive, Wb. 13d21 . an branar gan déanamh that the fallow-land was not upturned, PCT 1826 . mairg doghní branradh go bráth | is ann a dtráth gan chur shíl (`leaves land fallow'; upturns the fallow without sowing seed?), O'Gr. Cat. 614 . go bplannduighidh tú fíneamhain, ┐ nár dhearnaidh tú foghmhar uirre (= non vindemies eam, Deuteronomy xxviii 30 ), TSh. 9707 . in tan is ar logh dognithar dān doibh `when it is for a fee they are taught the art', Laws iv 236 . doróni Collanach légenn do Thaircell C. put T. to study, Moling 12 . dodhénuinn leighionn ┐ lánḟoghluim duit I would give thee learning and instruction, Ériu v 98 . an uair tainec am legind do denamh do Mhunda when the time came for M. to receive instruction. BCC § 161 . doníd áit leabhar dona tuat[h]adhaibh (images) take the place of books for the laity, Ó Héodhusa 143 . lochdach `maith' no `olc' a ttús chomhfhocuil; `deagh' ┐ `dagh' ┐ `droch' doní a n-ionadh, IGT Introd. § 97 . go ndearnadar bhur n-ionadhsa dhamh, 1 Corinth. xvi 17 . Note also: grian i n-Aquair . . . doróined im-mís Enair the sun has been placed (?) in Aquarius, SR 234 . ni den ciall uaim péin isin canóin `I will put no sense of my own into the canons', MS. Matthew 530 ( Lib. Flav. i 11va ).

(e) With vn. phrase, e.g. do-gní a láma do nige = do-gní n. a lám (the older construction, see (d) (iii) above): do chin huair nach atamar, | dogénat do clanna iar tain | dogres a cin d'imresain, SR 1407 . déntar leo . . . uan d'idpairt, 3899 . dorigni Iob . . . in slóg do rím J. numbered the host, 6817 . donidis a righ fein do marbad, KMMisc. 312 . go ndiongnadh críoch Laighean uile d'argain, Keat. ii 6341 . an altóir ar a ndeárnadh sé corp Chríost d'ofrálughadh, Eochairsg. 19 . in mac doróine d'idhpairt whom he offered up, RC xxxvii 348 . dá ndéanmaois ceart d'imirt oraibh, Maguires of F. § 61 . dorinne Flann aonach Tailltean do chommóradh, Keat. iii 3014 . an ndénta eich do reidhiughadh? would you break in horses? Ériu v 190 . dorine Carn Amhalgaidh do thochailt, Hy Fiach. 100 . nach ndéanair sinne bhéoghudh arís? wilt thou not revive us again? Psalms lxxxv 6 . a ferand lais in fer donither and do orgain the man who is trespassed upon, Laws iv 92 Comm. intan donither nōs nó dliged do nuaidiged, Marco P. 96 . dorónadh in lúithech catha sin do cumdach ac Brutus B. caused . . . to be constructed, CCath. 1809 . dorighneadh leo raona leathna do reidhiughadh they cleared broad passages, ML 130 . in ferann ima ndernad mac rig do marbad, RC xxvi 134 .

(f) With substantival clauses as obj.: dorigne Dia corbo mag mínscothach in móin, Hy. v 15 Comm. ( Thes. ii 329 ). dorigni Moisi. . . dia fleisc co mba glé-nathir turned his rod into a bright snake, SR 3853 (cf. II (g) below).

II Makes .

(a) creates, forms, constructs: doriṅgne Dia nem ┐ talmain, LL 1 . do thalmain do-t-riṅgned (said to Adam), 22 . in saer-denmaid domrigni, SR 2060 . si[u] dognetis aingil uais before the angels were created, 7853 . toingim don Righ domroighne, ZCP viii 221 . is and doronta in[n]a dúili, Ériu iii 116 . fria muindtir dorrigena the household He has made (i.e. the angels), Ériu ii 140 . oroit ar Thurcain lasa ndernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289 . digéni Cummen cétaig `made a mantle', 239.20 (Ardm.). is leis ar thus doronait failge óir, Rawl. 147a27 . dogní claideb craind, TBC-I¹ 940 . dogníat druidi ind rig . . . nathracha, SR 3849 . doroindi side armu doib, RC xxiv 196 . co ndernsat na héoin a n-nitu, Hy. v 19 Comm. ( Thes. ii 331 ). is e mod frisa mbitis cumala riasiu dorontais muilind before mills were made, Corm. Y 324 . fer dénma bairgine a baker, Sg. 184b3 . gu ndérna longphort ic druim nG., O'Gr. Cat. 5 . Breoghain . . . leis dorondadh Brigandsia Brigantia was founded (built), BB 21a40 . dogensad botha and, TBC-I¹ 903 . dena tegdais don Chomdid, SR 6880 . co nderndtais dóib eclais nglain, 4187 . dognithit eclais don clerech, LB 260a59 . oroit do Ultan . . . dorigni in caissel, Thes. ii 289 . caislen Cenanduis do denom la Gallaib, RC xviii 301 . drochet .i. drochsét .i. ara olcas int seta darsin-dentur across which it is built, Hy. vi 4 Comm. ( Thes. ii 350 ). doringset leasa (liassu, LU) fora loegaib, TBC-I¹ 908 . dognisedar liasa fa n-innilibh, ZCP viii 544 . is leis doronad clad Saxan, Todd Nenn. 62 . doronta a n-airlisi ┐ a rrigdúine ann, Corm. Y 883 . The name of the material, etc., of which something is made is introduced by DE: dorigne smirchomairt di chnamaib, TBC-I¹ 2869 . dia nderna don chriaid cheir when he made a plaster of the clay, SR 7683 . is di lus bīs forsnaib caircib dognither in chorcur buide, Tur. 115 ( Thes. ii 492 ). cid delg ni der[n]tar de not even a skewer can be made of it (wood), Trip.² 2284 . co ndernait limsa de secht ndabcha I made seven vats with it, Ériu iv 134 .

Under this head may be classed further: ní dene tenid ratha do not make a fire of fern, Ériu i 194 . co ndernai tenid dam, TBC-I¹ 461 . fobith doṅgníat cercol ocond ocbáil they make (i.e. describe) a circle, BCr. 18d2 ( Thes. ii 13 ).

(b) forms (by aggregation of units), constitutes, makes up: dorigne T. cath dia mhuintir formed his men into a battalion, SG 321 . doronsatar aen-cath dib, MR 142 . Mod. often with súas: déanamh nuimhre suas, Content. v 124 . a mesg . . . na leabhar . . . da ndearnadair suas a mbiobla of which they made up their Bible, Luc. Fid. 282 .

(c) prepares, gets ready: dorondad imda Domnaill for lár in righthaigi, Ériu v 232 . iomdha Ghiolla Íosa do dhéanam in-aon seomra ris féin, Maguires of F. 28 . gidh maith gach leaba . . . dorighnes seachnóin Eirenn each spot I have slept in, BS 154 . co ndernsat (argniat, v.l.) a muinter biadh doib, RC vi 174 . dentar praind ┐ tomaltus (a command), CRR 23 . tomaltas bídh ┐ leanna do dhénum do na cléirchib, SG 68 . denam seillne ind domnuch ni cóir laisim acht a ndenam riam he does not think it right to prepare an extra course on Sunday, Mon. Tall. 145 . fer dogní fleid, fer dia ndéntar he who gives a feast and he to whom it is given, Triads 94 . co ndernad fled do Brenaind, Hy. v 33 Comm. ( Thes. ii 335 ). doroindeadh coibflead mor do la ri dia thuathaib, YBL 138a8 .

(d) Of mental or abstract construction, makes, devises, frames: a ndliged dogniat gréic the law which the Greeks make, Sg. 40a7 . is i comairli dorigni Ioib, a mac . . . do chur a n-ifren the plan (resolution) Jove formed, TTebe 580 . conid hí comairli doroindi, tiachtain, etc., ZCP viii 276 . is olc . . . in comairli doníthi .i. ar marbad-ni, Ériu v 152 . dorinde an manuch drochcomairli an uair sin, BCC § 248 . Cf. exx. under I (c), (d) (vi) above.

(e) Of literary composition: Fland fer légind . . . issé dos-róna (author names himself in final stanza of poem), LL 184b19 ( Arch. Hib. ii 74 ). isind áer dorighne Nede mac A. do rig Connacht, Corm. Y 698 . dorónus doibh dua[i]n mbinn mbairdne, ACL iii 296 . dena dam doibh focra lethamnas, 295 . Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in n-imun-sa do Patraic, Hy. ii Pref . ( Thes. ii 307 ). dorigniset lāid, TBC-I¹ 2249 , cf. 2615 , etc. Níníne écess doríne in n-orthainn-see, Hy. iii Pref . ( Thes. ii 322 ). psaltar na rann . . . dorigni Oengus, SR title . is and doringni Conchobar in rethoric-se, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 . dodhendais draidi tinchealda druad na n-agaid, BB 40a45 .

(f) Of linguistic or grammatical formation: ní Antoniolus dogní gl. Antonius, quod Antoniaster facit diminutivum, Sg. 49a5 . ní contulitus dogni gl. contulatus, 74a3 ; cf. 46a7 . 93b7 , 104b6 , 105b3 , etc. a nomine Aiax . . . co ndeni Aiacides, PCr. 15a1 ( Thes. ii 225 ). ní in -um dogní a neutur it does not form its neuter in -um, Sg. 206a3 , cf. 46b10 . is cumtubairt ced dogní a ngenitiu what their genitive makes (i.e. how . . . is formed), 99a2 .

(g) dogní x de y makes x of y = turns y into x: do gach bíud maith doni neim | a c[h]ur isin cli caithmig, ACL iii 238 . cindus fer dia ndenid-si deu? of what kind of men do you make gods? Wb. 8c11 . airchinnig . . . dogniat dona indmasaib selba sainrudcha who convert treasures into personal property, FA 25 (LU). trí sóir dogníat dóeru díb féin, Triads 167 . bid demon dogénai bec do mór, dogéna mór do biuc, ZCP ix 451 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 ( Thes. ii 338 ) (perh. the stone became salt, see (h) below). amal dorigne Dia dil | do fleiscc Moysi derbhnat[h]raigh, RC xxxvii 346 . doroighne dairmes do dhoire `caused mast to grow in the oakwood', KMMisc. 168 . dochotar triat chridi . . . co ndernsat crois de indut, TBC-I¹ 2811 . dogníter anmann dilsi díib amal doṅgnither dindhí as Romanus they become (are used as) proper names (`proper names are formed from them'), Sg. 35b13 . cach fear . . . da ndentair fochlac who is made a fochlac , Lec. 126b40 . dorighnedh uisce searbh da lionn, SG 28 . dorinneadh Pápa do Anastasius, Keat. iii 739 . dorigned duini dit thou becamest a mortal, ACL iii 242 . braighde Eirenn . . . secht rígh acht co ndernta de that they might become seven kings, ZCP viii 108 . Seldom with adj. (in subst. use?): mairg doni lán don lestar who fills the vessel, ACL iii 240 . dogéna sin fáilid díot-sa, SG 403 . With AS: as in Magnus dogníthær a ndede-sin .i. diles ┐ doacaldmach `Magnus' is used both as a proper name and appellative, Sg. 29a11 . With extension of meaning: gadaigi dogni dimsa you make me out a thief, Ériu v 234 .

(h) In Mid.Ir. the vb. in the preceding construction comes to be used impersonally: dogní x de y = y is turned into, becomes x . Possible exx. from the O.Ir. glosses are: amal nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis cia doberthar flumen fris as t. does not become a neuter even though f. be put beside it (?), Sg. 63a17 (`it does not make a neuter of T. that f. is put with it', Thes.). is bésad na mmuimme dogní deidbleán di oc munud á dalti, Wb. 24d11 (`it is the custom of the nurse to make a weakling of herself', Thes. For the construction in general cf. Wb. 4d15 ). brister na rama ┐ doni gadrach dia longaib, Aen. 243 . do oluind cillches dia ndene pell of which a blanket is made, Corm. Y 239 (= dia ndénat, LB). atá do mét a seca . . . co ndéin cristal da huisci its water turns to crystal, Maund. 137 . da curthaidi sliabh teinedh ann, doghénad oigre ┐ snechta de (= in glaciem verteretur), RC xxviii 320 . dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé | co torchair i cath Giluáe, SR 6397 . doreprendset cóic bainne a méraib Pátraic ┐ dorónai cóic oíbli dib, Trip.² 121 . is dona deoraib romuidsedar uaithi dorindi in loch, RC xvi 146 . dorigne tir tairngire d'Erinn a n-a ré Ireland became the Land of Promise, CF p. 73 , cf. SG 90 . cor rothuit in ballán . . . co nderna brioscbhruar de, SG 403 . dochim . . . go nderna balbhan dibh that you have become mute, Luc. Fid. 284 . Éireannaigh díbh go ndearna so that they became Irishmen, Ériu v 62 . Muire don deilbh ar ndéanamh when the statue had turned into Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 . With adj. (in subst. use?): co nderna uathbásach n-ilrechtach n-ingantach de, TBC-I¹ 1928 (LU). doní degbhlasda deghbhalaidh dhibh, 23 K 42, 416.4 .

(i) dogní x i n- y = makes (changes) x into y (less common than the two preceding constructions): ní .o. in .i. dogní son it (`caro') does not change o into i (in obl. cases), Sg. 93b3 . dorignedh in duine i n-anmain na beoaigheadh (= factus est homo in animam viventem, a lit. transl. of Gen. ii 7 ), BB 16a15 . roloisc Roimh . . . is dorigne i lechtu converted it into a graveyard, Lec. 47a1 . an t-uisge do bhí déunta 'n-a fhíon, John ii 9 . an lá sin dorinneadh Ioruaith ┐ Píoláid 'n-a gcáirdibh dha chéile Herod and Pilate became friends, Luke xxiii 12 . an lucht doní | leithrígh orra 'n-a thréinrí[gh] who make out a half-king to be a perfect king, Content. xiv 46 .

(j) do-gní mór (bec, etc.) de makes much (etc.) of, accounts as: . . . ni denaim-sea baa desin I set little weight on that, TBC-I¹ 361 . ní dénaim deccair do ní | acht rodeónaig int airdri I count nothing too hard, Metr. Dinds. iii 386 . mogenair duine doni don tṡaegul uile neimní who holds the world as naught, ACL iii 221 . ní denam robríg de, TBC-LL¹ 859 = TBC-I¹ 361 . mór do-ghníd daoine dhíob féin, O'Gr. Cat. 555 . co tucat Laigin d'éislis sinn ┐ co ná dernat ní dinn, SG 410 . With AS: 'gan druing as a ndéine a lán the race of which you make such a lot, Content. v 67 .

(k) With adj. or equivalent as complement of pred., makes, renders (= Lat. reddit): do-m-ní driamail makes me melancholy, LL 146b49 ( PRIA xix 544 ). cid do-t-gni torsech?, TE 12 (LU). as é ni doni an t-aer cruinn, Ir. Astr. Tr. 18 . do-m-rigne losc lén sorrow has made me blind, LL 147a30 ( PRIA xix 548 ). gé go ndearnais geal é andé, | atá ina ghual féin aniugh though yesterday you made it white, O'Gr. Cat. 607 . dorinne sé ullamh é, Psalms vii 12 . ní dhernsam . . . dorcha lé dealradh briathar . . . briathra dealraighthe an Duilimh I have never obscured, Ó Héodhusa 4 . dorinneadar nocht mé, TSh. 9217 . nír chian go ndernadh an rig balb became dumb, SG 12 . With extension of meaning: méid na maslughadh dobheirid do Dhia an mhéid go ndéanuid breugach é make him out a liar, Eochairsg. 11 . With adverbial complement: nirbu cognomen acht darigni amin he made it one, Sg. 31b22 . co n-acca in tromchiaich . . . co nderna na tulcha amail insi il-lochaib, TBC-I¹ 3111 . is i so doni na plained co soimpaidtec makes the planets inclined to revolve, Ir. Astr. Tr. 120 . doní sé na dáine go conáigh makes prosperous, O'Gr. Cat. 259 .

(l) appoints, ordains, arranges: dorindi [Erimón] coicedaich ar Erind made provincial kings, Todd Nenn. lxv . a mbadar Laigin . . . oc denam rig a Temraig, Lec. 217a28 . doronsat inad coinne re chéile fixed a meeting-place, SG 11 . ar ndéunamh láe ris dóibh, tangadar mórán chuige when they had appointed him a day, Acts xxviii 23 .

(m) do-gní (claind) begets (FRI on): dona tri ballaib [f]uil acut da ndene cloind, Lec. 612a36 . Fachtna a athair ┐ is e dorigne Conchobur dar cenn Cathbaid, RC vi 178 . is iad dorigni Lugaid-tri-riab-nderg rena ṡiair, Ériu ii 174 . doroigne Mairt inn ingin Ermione re Uenir, TTebe 762 . is é dorinne an toirrches úd ría, Ériu v 164 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria, RC vi 175 . co ndernae da mac friu (of Lot), Rawl. 72a24 . fo clith doronad la Mac N. iat fri Fuinche, Fianaig. 4 . corob tre meirdreochas dorigned thusu, YBL 142a29 . hinn aidchi sin . . . dorigned rí na n-ech n-ard, ZCP viii 270 ( Rawl. 87b41 ). do nuimir clainni Dauida ┐ do hurd a ndenma the order of their begetting, Rawl. 73b7 . Rarely in meaning conceives: ingen dodngéna (sic leg.) fria hathair, ZCP viii 196 . ni hi cland na coluime, | cland fa deōid do dénam di | ar fēgad inn eoin eli, ACL iii 238 . Hence more widely breeds, increases (trans.): do greghoip . . . dogni eachraidh mór dona Rōmānchaibh, Fl. Earls 182 . fēr dogēna sil ┐ crann . . . dodēna torad (= herbam facientem semen et lignum faciens fructum, Gen. i 11 ). Lec. 528a27 . fuaratar cráin ┐ dā bhanbh dēcc . . . ionnus go ndernatar go lór do mhucaibh dīb bred, raised (?), BNnÉ 119 .

(n) produces, brings forth: déra dogníaad-san go dímór they shed abundant tears, ZCP viii 216 . cíamtis déra fola dognetís, FA 34 . roimhe nocha dherna neach | leth a nderna do dhéraibh, ZCP i 64 , cf. Mart. Don. May 14 . gibe doní fuil re n-a fual (= quicumque sanguinem mingunt). 23 K 42, 62.8 . doni an mac tire guth cíochanach, 3 C 22, 24a1 . guth fiaich leo ┐ as a n-adarcaib dognidis, Corm. Y 731 . Of natural phenomena: ceatha troma | doníd tonna thulcha Lēis the showers which the waves of the hill of L. make (?), CF 1024 (cf. 1004 ). nuchu dearna Dia fearthain for talmain (= pluerat, Gen. ii 5 ), BB 16a10 . ní dhearnadh fearthuin . . . feadh thrí mbliadhan it rained not, James v 17 . (fuinneóc) dusgni soillsi d'uile altoirip gives light to, Fl. Earls 250 .

(o) causes, gives rise to: mor doni domenma dhamh | an dogra roghabh an gheis causes me great sorrow, CF 1029 . idu ab idor (= ὕδωρ) .i. on fliuchaidecht doni a ngalar sin (of dropsy), Corm. Y 770 . doní mo deora duba | cruma ar tí m'feola (the thought) that worms shall eat my flesh begets my tears, ACL iii 216 . doní anāl maith ag neach (of a medicament), 23 K 42, 444.9 . asé in fín . . . is luaithi doni mesce causes intoxication, O'Gr. Cat. 216 . ní denann tart does not provoke thirst, 194 . acht go ndenuid tromdhacht isin cheann, 23 K 42, 72.13 . gach duine atchíodh iad, doníodh galar dhóibh it would make them ill, Keat. iii 3403 . dia ndeine galar gabail ara fual, Mon. Tall. 147 . dogénad galar duit sirligi lying abed would make thee ill, LU 3590 ( SCC § 30 ). dodhéan-sa míodhuaill ar sin I shall cause horror thereat, Ériu i 18 . gach easlainte donithear o lionadh caused by repletion, 23 K 42, 17.14 . neasgóit doníter o adhbur neimneach, 23 P 10, 4a31 . isé ní o ndentur an crith sin ┐ in spasmus , 4a15 . adeir G. co ndenter stranguiria o moran do modhaibh, 30b36 . Cf. do-gní domenma is dejected , do-gní mesce becomes intoxicated , II (d) above.

(p) wins, gains, obtains: doronsat Gaedil . . . bruid ┐ creith took captives and spoils, Todd Nenn. 172 . a ccreacha ┐ a n-edála arna ndénamh ┐ arna ccruinniughadh, Ériu v 76 . doni sin ríghe da réim secures the sovereignty for his line, Rel. Celt. ii 230 . gurbh' usa dhóibh cíos do dhíol ┐ do dhéanamh to `raise' the rent, PCT 1757 . mithigh duid dénamh carad time for thee to make a friend, IGT Decl. ex. 414 . Cf. further: dénasa in dara leth don Mide co mbad tairise . . . duit i (`so handle the one half of Meath'?), SG 403 .

(q) In sense of imm-déni proves, demonstrates: cid dogní latsu . . . conid breg he?, IT iii 201.9 . dogniat fiadhuin co follus cunud . . ., Laws ii 62.8 Comm. imdenat . . . .i. doniat, 326.23 Comm. ge daniter ar naill though they are proved by oath, iv 288.9 Comm. co nderntá enech na Troianda, TTr.² 1236 . do ní nonmar la heisinnraic a fuil for innraic, O'Curry 307 ( H 3.18 169 ).

III As intrans. vb.

(a) Used as extension of I (a) does, acts: déna amal as adlaic let, FB § 62 . amail rocinnsemh . . . is amlaid dognem, RC xiii 29 . ronertais dam-sa co ndernain hi cutrummus frim cheliu thou hast encouraged me to do like my fellows, PCr. 2a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). meni dérntais dar fócra lest they should act against (beyond) the decree, Ériu iv 94 . dodhéanmaoid-ne uime sin amhail doghníomaoid re gach docamhail oile, MR 62 . doronsat fon n-indus[s]in, Todd Nenn. 96 . dogniset amhail conaitecht Ó Domhnaill, Hugh Roe 102 .

(b) With AR (later also FOR) obeys, acts according to the wish or advice of. Orig. trans. as in first two exx.: as dénti ní airriu they are to be obeyed, Wb. 15a23 (see Thes. p. 51 ). dogéntar airiut, BDD² 215 . dia n[d]ernta-su form-sa if thou wouldst take my advice, TBC-LL¹ 1802 . da ndeirnta orm-sa, Cog. 200 . da ndearndais orm allmaraig, do fuicfidís do in conair, MR 174 . ní derna an rechtaire fair, BColm. 58 . dlomaid dóib asind ferunn ┐ ni densat fair, SG 234 . ma dogneithi eram-sa, Anecd. ii 53 . ni dingentar fort-sa, 50 . creud ma ndubhairt linn deunamh uirre to obey her (the Church), Luc. Fid. 365 .

(c) With LE (RÉ) deals with, acts towards (mod.): déan réd' shearbhfóghantuigh do réir thrócaire, Psalms cxix 124 . dorinne tú go maith léd' shearbhfóghantuigh, 65 . deun go mín leis an mbocht, GJ v 85 .

(c 1) With TAR does without, neglects : do-ghéanadh cách tar an gcois 'men would overlook the foot' Éigse xxxvii 98 § 5 . móide as deacair déanamh thort, DDána 99 § 17 . deacroide dhúinn déanamh thairis, O'Hara 2863 . mithidh dhúinn gan déanamh thort, Aithd. D. 153 § 7 . ní héidir dhúinn déanamh thort, 292 § 18 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh do shíor, IGT Introd. § 3 . déanamh thort ní tualaing sinn, Dán Dé 32 § 8 .

(d) Folld. by prep. or adv. denoting motion, makes for, goes (orig. with ellipse of vn. expressing motion, see O'Rahilly, Celtica 1 318 ff . ): dogeni L. for a āth came on to his ford, TBC-I¹ 836 (dagéini .i. tic, LU). Common in later Mid.Ir. and mod. lang.: tréig do thalamh duthchais, déin ar choiste Lundain, O'Rah. xxiv 26 . dénam dár ttoich, Ériu iv 54 . denum d'innsaighi Serluis let us go to meet, Fier. 117 . denum isteach da fēgain, Lib. Flav. ii 6ra35 . déanam thairis don taobh budh thuaidh let us cross, ML 72 . déanam súas go slíabh an Tighearna, Isaiah ii 3 . déunuigh romhaibh ar an ndubhaigéun, Luke v 4 . dogene atúaid came from the north, RC xiii 221 (B. na f.). go ndearnadar go réimdhíreach gus an bhfásach, Keat. iii 1013 . dorónsad na cathmhílidh a gcoinne ┐ a gcomhdháil a chéile, PCT 551 . léicit amach sa ffairrge iat do denomh ar in Spainn gach ndīrech, Fl. Earls 10 .

(e) Various uses with prepp.: congaib-side a chrícha cen choscru, cen chernu; ní déni di neoch, ní déni nech de he takes from none, ZCP xi 86 . secnadh gach uili fin . . . ┐ denadh re huisci meala let him be satisfied with, 3 C 19, 94 ra 4 . aithne an neith tar nach éidir leis dénamh which cannot be done without, IGT Introd. § 3 . gan bheithe bogtha do rádha innti tar nach éidir dénamh san ogham, § 1 .

5 fál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 fál or dil.ie/21235
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fol, Falmaige

n o, m.

(a) name of the stone at Temair (Tara ) said to have been brought to Ireland by the Tuatha Dé Danann, and generally known as the Lia Fáil . Not to be associated with a conical stone on Ráth na Ríogh, Celtica xxi 396, 400, Ériu I 167-68 : is iat Tuatha D.D. tucsat leo in fál mór .i. in lia fis baí i Temraig, LL 9a14 . BB 32b23 (see Ériu viii 106 ). Fál i tóeb dumai na ngiall atuaid .i. cloch in sin no géissed fonti no gebad rígi nHerenn LL 30az . fál ainm na clochi sin .i. fó ail .i. ail fo ríg, LL 30b2 . BB 32a19 . in cloch nogeissed fo chossaib cach ríg nogeibedh hErinn, Fal ainm na cloichi sin (etc., as in LL 30aff .) RC xv 281.22 . BB 350a18 . an Lia Fail bui a Temraig nogesed fo cech rig nogebad Erinn, RC xii 56 § 3 . cec[h]aing dar fal faen Temrach , BB 378b27 = fol, KZ xxxiii 83 (from H3.3, where it is glossed .i. lia fail). lengait Temraig tren titacht tuath Galeoin, | golaid lia Fail fri falgud fairni faireoin, Rawl. 115b22 ( Ält. Ir. Dichtg. i 41 ). Fāl anmaim na cloche, ZCP iii 459.1 (Baile in Scáil). rogēs fāl foat cosaib-se, ib. 5 (O'Curry, MS. Mat. 618 ). bai Fal and, Ferp cluche ... intī arfemath flaith Temrach, gloedad in Fal fri fonnad in charpait, Ériu vi 134.25 . teit dochum Fail. ... ; gloedith in Fal. `Arraet Fal' forsint slua[i]g 135.54 . an Lia Fáil: ... saxum fatale ... gaireas Hector Boetius di i stair na hAlban, Keat. i p. 100 ( ainm eile dhi cloch na cinneamhna, 206 ). The interpretation of Lia F.¤ `the stone of destiny' is not supported by ancient testimony. (see Journal of the Ivernian Soc., 1910 p. 152 ff .). Cf. roth Fáil Flaind, Metr. Dinds. iv 154.123 . co Fál as far as F., an expression used in connection with Irish kings to imply that they were high-kings of Ireland ( Wortk. 42 ): Eir[i]u fo Chund, Conn co Fal (: brāth), Anecd. ii 8.4 . Cuan iar Failbe co Fal (: Cuān) (i.e. after Failbe, k. of Munster, reigned Cuan, who was also high-king), Rawl. 163a40 . Núadha Finn Fáil ... no thaidhledh co minic in Lía Fáil ic cluici fría ┐ ag suirghi 'he used to visit the Lia Fáil often, playing with it [lit. her] and courting', Cóir Anm. ii § 85 .

(b) As a name of Ireland: Rudraige rí Fáil, LL 129a15 = BB 47b18 . ingen Echach Find Fáil, TBC-LL¹ 1675 . d'feraib Fail, 3119 . filid Fail, LL 38a4 = Auraic. 5385 . rí fionn Fáil, Keat. ii 5464 .

(c) more often in gen. preceded by inis, mag, crich, etc.: in Fál Mór .i. in lia fis bái i Temraig diata Mag Ḟáil for Herind, Ériu viii 106 (< LL 9a ). Temair Tiri Fail, ZCP iii 459.2 . crích Fáil, Ériu iv 222.2 . Inis Fáil, Keat. i p. 100.206 . d'écsib innsi Fáil, Ériu iv 220.9 . Magh Fáil, IGT, Decl. § 176 . Keat. i p. 100.206 (cit.), see TD i p. lvii . Cf. Inis Fo ail name of the mythical island whence the Lia F. was brought ZCP iii 459.2 . Inis Fáil name of Beggery Island, Co. Wexford. Onom.

(d) cf. further: firu Faal (= f. Fálchae ?) ZCP viii 564 . See Heldensage i-ii 430 . bid olc de cuanaib fal fomoiri fo tuili ZCP xii 403.17 (rhet.).

Compds.: ¤inis Ireland: rí for fíannaib Fáilinse, LL 128b21 = MacCarthy 182 . ¤mag id. Falmag, ScM. § 3 ; gen. Falmaige, ZCP viii 102.16 . Cf. i n-inpher an Falmoigh RC xi 130.19 (for decl. cf. Maonmach, IGT, Decl. § 138 ).

ferdes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ferdes or dil.ie/21710

 

ind intan as atuaid rigi Caisil, a ḟ.¤ ┐ a dliged do rig na Deisse deiscirt .i. xxx. samaisce cach forbae cach thres bliadna do, Rawl. 149b54 . Cf. dess.

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