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airsa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airsa or dil.ie/2374

Forms: airsan, aursain, aursainne, aursainde, ursainde

n n, f. See Lochlann ii 212 . Later also airsan. n s. aursain , g s. aursainne, a p. aursainde, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374b ). g s. ursainde, MacCongl. 59.5 . door-post, jamb: aurso .i. or-sīn.i. ala n-or di i teg. a n-aill fri sīn. Aliter: aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . irsa .i. airisiu .i. is fuirri thairisius in teg uile . . . ostium latine , 782 . innill .i. in ello .i. indtus .i. i n-ursae, 764 (cf. innill .i. urasa, O'Cl.). i n-aursain n-airthir thige, Críth G. 216 . fo far n-ursannaib, SR 3918 . fora aursainde ┐ a airinchiu, O'Curry 810 ( H 3.18, 374b ). ónd ursaind díarali (of a house), LU 1708 . ni facbatis ursaind na comla . . . cen mhinugad, LB 156a55 . a di ursaind irard . . . ar dorus, IT iii 51 § 94 . ursanna cre[d]umha, Ériu iii 156 § 9 . leth-orsa gacha tigi oil, Fen. 166.1 . sé san orsain ar ursgáth, A. Ó Dálaigh 1 37 . le hosnaduibh elbhadh / a n-orsanaibh oirbedh stakes(?), IGT Decl. ex. 156 .

Fig. an bás san orsain agat, DDána 1.1 . do bhris ortha ursana (ursanda prohibited form) he defeated them, IGT Decl. ex. 1887 . i n-orsain ar n-ealadhan `in support of my cause', Content. xxi 23 . níor loc ó orsain éin-ghliadh, ib. n.7 . géabhad orsain don iomarg `I will undertake to sustain the fight', xxii 23 .

Of persons: anté as ursa don imshníomh who causes anx- iety(?), DDána 121.29 . dá ursain bhiadhta na mbocht, Ó Bruad. iii 214.10 . badh é ursa ar n-adhmholta, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 4 . mar ursain chirt, Hackett xl 151 . ursa chogaidh chríche Breagh, TD 17.55 . cia an Cú Chullainn bhus ursa re plé iompa? `a Cu. C. to act as their advocate', Ó Bruad. ii 4 iii .

airther

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airther or dil.ie/2432
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: oirthear

n o, [n.] (see GOI § 266 ; n. gender may survive in forms cited under II below). Later m. oirthear m., IGT Decl. § 11 .

I

(a) front part: in n-a.¤ in tigi, BDD² 1006 . i n-aursain n-airthir thige, Críth G. 216 . i n-airthiur ḟoitsi, 590 . ar-sesatar cornairi āraith cuslennaich airthiur `the horn-blowers . . . sat in the front part of the house', Ériu xix 83 § 14 . langp[h]etir . . . itir cois n-īarthair ┐ cois n-arthir biis . . . aurchomal . . . itir dā c[h]ois n-airthir biis, Corm. Y 812 = iter di chois chind, LB. i n-airthiur a chind, TBC-LL¹ 257 . iar nairthur `in front', Laws ii 238.14 ( ZCP xiv 348 ). [i]ar n-airrter, Lism. L. 2221 . míl . . . airrter eich lé `horse's mane', 2217 . Perh. mistake for airtem in: ro buí a.¤ (airth— MS.) láime din claideb fria trúaill anechtair, BDD² 1004 .

(b) the east: dí gréin airthir Liffi, Fél. Dec. 9 . fir oirthir Midi the men of eastern M., Trip.² 843 . lotar iar n-a.¤ do Ch. A. eastwards , 2855 . i n-oirther Bladhma, Sc.M² § 23 . o iarthur co airthiur, TBC-LL¹ 839 . adíu go a.¤ ṅ-hErend, 5705 . ó oirrther an domhain, Parrth. Anma 3774 . iter in muir nI. iar n-airthiur ┐ muir nE. ar n-iarthur, TTebe 2605 .

COMPDS. ¤-deiscert the south-east: ind airthiurd. na hEtaile, Trip.² 244 v.l. ¤-mag, Anecd. ii 2.1 (airmag v.l., Airne F. 28 ). ¤-thúaiscert the north-east: dá rind ága . . . airthirthuascirt in betha, LL 221a29 ( TTr. 296 ). -thúaiscertach: i nulinn airthirthuaiscertaig na Dési, Trip.² 2329 .

II Of time: isin maitin mana.¤ morning of the second day following, TBC-I¹ 3089 (or pass. of mandraid?). lotar īarnanairter do eill A. the next day but one, ZCP viii 106.25 . dochodur arna n-orther co M., Ann. Conn. 1230.4 (= tangadar arna mharuch, ALC). amárach atá m'féil ┐ a n-oirrcher féil na ban-óighe the day after tomorrow (of Maedóc Ferna and Brigit, whose obits fall on Jan. 31 and Feb. 1), BNnÉ 275 § 254 . sul bus tráthsa nach n-oirrther before this time comes again, SG 73.11 . do toirmisgeadh truagh an cion / le síol Néill ar n-a noirthear (`n-a.¤ dhiaidh sin arís', notes), DDána 86.10 . aniú ┐ a márach ┐ a noirrther, Luke xiii 33 . Note also: oirthear .i. tosach aoise an duine, TSh. 172 .

athchumma

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athchumma or dil.ie/4738

[io, n.] vn. of ad-cuimben.

(a) act of cutting, wounding, maiming: cauteria .i. aithchumbe, Wb. 1b21 . iarna aithchumbu hí croich, Thes. ii 254.2 (Stowe M.). figor ind aithchummi (athcumai v.l., LB 251a67 ) cosind lágin in oxil in tuib deiss, 3 (ib.). adcumbe carnis gl. concissionem, Wb. 23d22 . míach murlúatha fri haithchumba[e] n-áige dia chethrai, Críth G. 190 . ? hi cuic cumbui .i. cumbu cuicdi insin .i. cuic aithcumme, ar is athchume do neoch in cin, O'Curry 811 (H 3.18, 375a). hic athcumai ind sheisir, AU i 96.11 . is fáebur do a.¤ , LU 2449 . na naídin filet ocá n-athchuma, 2207 ( FA 28 ). athcumba ō bīastaib, Cáin Ad. 42 . eisce ┐ beo-athcuma atcuimen corp, O'D. 868 (H 3.17, 621). athcuma do chon lomnai, Laws i 232.3 . mad beo athcuma cethra, iii 356.19 . tech bo airech . . . a aithchuma fora aursain , O'Curry 810 (H 3.18, 374b). roghabhsat ag tinmhe ┐ ag trēn-a.¤ aroile (of warriors), ZCP xiv 244.11 . do letrad ┐ a.¤ in tshloig, Alex. 567 . atconnairc . . . a ec[h]rada ar n-a n-athcoma do coin Domnaill `mangled by D.'s dog', Celt. Rev. iv 116.29 . bunneda borbba . . . icabar n-a.¤ , LL 238b35 ( TTr. 1623 ). daringni athchomma forru, 225a51 (ib. 602 ). marb Mac Con di athchumu died of wounds, Fianaig. 40.4 . claidmi . . . fri hatchuma cnes, Cog. 112.17 .

(b) act of refashioning, reshaping (cf. cummae): in t-ainm roime a rí Chunga / maith fuarais é d'athchuma, O'Gr. Cat. 402.31 . gur cuireadh í i n-athchuma (of a deserted house), DDána 116.2 . dá bhur nathchuma féin risna hainmiánuibh `fashioning yourselves', 1 Peter i 14 .

íarthar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarthar or dil.ie/27086

n o, m. IGT Decl. p. 54.z .

(a) the back, the further part: in fili i n-íarthur in tige `in the back of the house,' Imr. Brain 47.19 . ... i n-aursain n-íarthair thige, Críth G. 217. tainic in nait[h]ir nemhnach a hiartar na huama ... co ndeilbh torathair o híartar co hóirther `issued from the depth of the cave ... of the appearance of a monster from head to tail,' Celt. Rev. vii 110. 20 - 23 . is a íarthur carpait ro lád co n-óenláim, LU 4813. bánsuile mora a n-i.¤ cind, Acall. 1871 n . do lár a grúade a hiathor a clocaind, LU 6455 ( a iarthor, TBC-LL¹ 2604 ). gherrus leth iarthair in duine ┐ dogní munterus fria n-aichthib `that bite the back parts of a man, while they pretend friendship to his face,' PH 7703. uacca ... da corp iar n-íarthur, oen chenn sair, AU i 188.7 . dorn leithet a crai a niarthur `a fist being the breadth of its fork behind' (of a pig), Laws ii 238.15 . glossed: .i. itir a da cois tona, 240.4 . Of the pelican: tré ghuin a iathair uasnaig (tre ghuin iathair asnaig, A IV 3, p. 640 ) | biathaid d'fuil in t-énach sain `from that wound within her opened breast ...' (? leg.: tré ghuin iathair a asnaig of the innermost part of her breast ?), O'Gr. Cat. 461.17.

(b) the west, the western part: is (leg. assa, Ed.) airthiur inda iarthur ┐ asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert from the east to the west of it and from the north to the south, Mon. Tall. 133.22 . bruden Da-Choca i n-īarthur Midi, ScM. § 1.10 . a n-i.¤ domain otha Greciae ┐ Sceithiae siar co hIndsi Orcc ..., TBC-LL¹ p. 722 n. 1 . rígan iarthair Elgga, 3109 . is rúam iarthair betha | Glenn dálach dá locha `the cemetery of the west of the world is multitudinous Glendalough,' Fél. Prol. 195. naim íarthair in domain dano i n-iarthur in tire cetna, LU 1973. fir ind iarthair ┐ ind fhunid, PH 5385. in locharnn loinnerdai ro inṡorchaig i.¤ mbetha .i. sanctus Patricius , ACL iii 8 § 2. iter in muir nIond iar n-airthiur ┐ muir nEig ar n-iarthur, TTebe 2605 . In pl., the western regions: Magh Foithin sna hIartharaibh `in the west,' Keat. ii 1838

the people living in the west: la hEoganacht Lacha Lein ... ocus la iartur Erend ar cena, Cog. 32.6 .

? By dissimilation, íathar: íathar, IGT Decl. p. 55.1 . fir tarla a mbun a mbríathar | d'í.¤ Banbha, IGT Decl. ex. 453 . is tréigthe ar iathaibh as fhearr | sléibhte iathair na hÉireann, DDána 74 § 43. Irrus iarthar innsi Fáil, O'Gr. Cat. 332.23. (iathar, MS.)

COMPDS. (íathar)-chró (cró fold, enclosure): ar feadh iatharchraoi Fhéidhlim, DDána 117 § 51. ¤desscert the south-western part: i cinn sleibi uraird Isper iarthairdeiscirt Afraicthi, IT ii2 108.18 . iartardesscert in domain o Easpain aníar, CCath. 116. ¤desscertach south-western: isin leth īarthardescertaig, MacCongl. 55.15 . ¤thuaiscert the north-western part: hi n-hUib Amalgada i n-iartartuasciurt Connact, Trip. ii 420.31 . oclaich ... na n-insi ┐ airir inn occiain fuineta ┐ iarthartuaiscirt an talman, CCath. 5373. The follg. exx., in spite of the inflexion of íarthar, may also belong here, the slender -r being modelled on exx. such as iarthairdeiscirt, IT ii2 108.18 , above, where it may be due to the quality of the initial d: da laím thidnaicthi ratha ... iarthair thuascirt in domain, TBC-LL¹ 3770. Brian mac Cenneitigh ... August iartair tuaisceirt Eorpa uile, AU i 532.17 .