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1 áes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áes or dil.ie/644

Forms: āis, áesa, aíse, áeis

n o, n. g s. āis, Corm. Y 322 , Ériu iv 158 § 35 . Later also áesa, aíse. Later f. áeis f., IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) age, years (of persons, etc.): ce méit as [s]inu aís quam Abracham , Wb. 34a5 . is a cétnae nais gl. Cuius primam aetatem, Ml. 87b10 . is ed a n-áess cétna atáat, Trip.² 1381 . cia hais a roibi M. . . . a n-ais a da bliadan dec, YBL 155a32 . gach mac . . . da raibi a n-aeis in Airdrīgh who was the same age as the high king (i.e. Christ), ACL iii 245 § 22 . secht mbliadnai fil inna aes, BDD² 1140 . it mathi ind óicc ina n-aes, 897 . is e laech a aesa is dech ro bai a nErinn the best warrior for his age, TBFr. p. 15 § 1 . Murchad . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 ( IT iii 74 § 35 ). cinnas a aesa-sum in meic bic sin innossa, TBC-LL¹ 845 . is áis cēt bliadan dam `I am a hundred years of age, ZCP vi 58.15 . aois áiridhe ┐ foghluim iomchubhaidh (qualifications of candidate for orders), Parrth. Anma 3107 . ar a.¤ in the matter of age, in years: cia ba nóidenán ar áes (: ingaes) `though he was a babe in years', Thes. ii 291.16 (Hy. i). ingen bad chomadais dó ar aís ┐ cruth, LU 10187 . mású ar aís m'athar, as sinem and Éndae Cromm if it be a question of my father's age, Trip.² 1485 . íar n-áesaib according to age: a fari dúib iar n-aesaib, LU 9052 ( FB § 80 . ) mithig anad do báesaib / nocha n-iar n-áesaib tíagair it is high time to desist from folly, it is not according to age that one goes (to death), ACL iii 215.6 . Fig. cia áis in lái anosa? what time is it?, Acall. 505 v.l. cetain ar ai laithi sechtmaine ┐ ochtmadh uathad ar aí aessa esci as regards the age of the moon, AU ii 152.2 . ?cia on cotagair aesa éscai, LL 1564 . With qualifying words: iar n-ais toga the age of choice (i.e. of marriage or otherwise), Ir. Recht 37.28 . a n-ais ica leth dire, Laws v 150.25 Comm. riasiu thi aes cadhnuigh doibh, ii 46.15 Comm. go bhfuilim i n-aois óg-laoich (i.e. thirty years), Dán Dé xxv 39 . a n-áis tserruig when it is a colt, Ériu iv 214.26 .

(b) stage, period (of life): ho oclachas ón, cenid ed as chetnae náis in homine, Ml. 44c26 . colamna āis .i. aimsera āis .i. naoidendacht etc., (of the seven ages of man), Corm. Y 322 . teit i n-oesaib co fo tri / gach oen fhothraigios eiste `life's stage is traversed thrice', SG 248.32 . Specifically of youth, prime: is dered dot' āeis (of a woman past her beauty), ZCP vi 266 § 6 . i tuile a ratha ┐ a áissi dó, CCath. 353 . Of old age: co háis ┐ chríne, LL 283b9 . uile attrebthaide na cathrach etir áes ┐ áetid old and young, LL 220b42 . ( TTr. 270 ). i sliab n-óited i fiadach (fidach v.l.) n-aise (ais v.l.), RC xxvi 26 § 92 . beimmi cen aes, cen érchra, sunn co brath, Trip.² 274 . cen ais cen forcend, PH 7125 . i n-a ligi áisi . . . ár ṅdichur a ṅgascid, CRR § 14 . fleadh aíse the Feast of Age, one of the festivals of the Túatha Dé Danann: do bhídís T.D.D. . . . ag caithiomh Fleidhe Aoise ann gach síoth fá seach, Atlantis iv 118.26 . ag caithiomh na Fleighe Aoise go súbhach, 138.28 . Fig. feadh an laoi-si ma fhleadhaibh / bu fleadh aoisi d'fhileadhaibh, Ériu v 54.z .

(c) lifetime: dochaith se dā trian a aisi ┐ a aimsiri re gaisced, RC x 190.26 . is and robaí in domun immedon a aísi ┐ a brotha ┐ a borrfaid, LL 235a30 . Colum co crábud co ngrís / dom snádud iar n-aís for nem, LL 4815 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . feadh m'aoise throughout my days, xv 2 . In phrase ó (a) aís all (his) life: a ndor-airngred duit ót áis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.7 . amal bid occaib nobeith o ais as if he had been at them all his life, RC x 78.16 . ar tí Temra duit ot áis, `since thou art intent upon Temair for thyself' Cog. 124.3 `all thy life', Ériu ii 87 . ben Chaim Oliuan o haís all her life, LL 16478 ( RC xlvii 290.6 ).

(d) age of the world, era: is d'aes tānaissi, nī tār / ō dīlinn co Abrahám, ZCP iii 17.9 . fodhailter in aimsear . . . a bliadhain i saegul, a saegul i n-aeis, MR 108.6 . an tan fá haois don Tighearna, 447 , Keat. ii 6142 .

(e) In phrases with úair: as í sin aes ┐ uair ro ghabh íttu Diarmait that was the very time when, Acall. 2321 . as i sin . . . aes ┐ uair dobi imshnim mor ar menmain Ioib, TTebe 2595 . ó do riacht chuice co haes na huairi sin till that very moment, Acall. 1625 . on luan re samain go hais na huaire seo, ZCP x 301.20 .

agad, aiged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agad, aiged or dil.ie/678
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aiged, aigeth, agad, aghadh, aiged, aigead, aideadh, aghaidh, aighidh, agid, aigid, agaid, aghaidh, acchaidh, adhaigh, adhaid, aghaigh, agad, aiged, aigthi, aichthi, aighthe, aighid, aigthi, aichthib, aigthib, agthib, aghadh, aighedh

n f. aiged, Thes. ii 254.4 (Stowe Miss.) , aigeth, ibid. 5 . Not found in O. Ir. glosses (see enech). n s. agad, LU 4514 . aghadh, Dán Dé vii 35 . ind aiged , TBFr. 219 . aigead, Ériu xiii 58.1 . aideadh, BB 427a50 . aghaidh (: samhail), DDána 42.6 . v s. aighidh, ZCP xiii 174.9 . a s. agid, TBFr. 223 . aigid, Trip.² 313 . agaid, Lism. L. 2968 . aghaidh, Aithd. D. 61.21 . acchaidh, AFM v 1640.16 . adhaigh, Ériu v 190.480 . adhaid (sic MS.), ZCP vii 301 § 6 . aghaigh, Laws iv 258.1 Comm. agad, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 312.15 ). aiged, Maund. 257 . g s. aigthi, CRR § 17 . aichthi, TTebe 930 . aighthe, DDána 85.1 . Proverbs vii 15 . d s. aighid, ACL iii 4.28 . n p. aigthi, Sc.M² 5 . d p. aichthib, Rawl. 163b13 . aigthib, TTebe 4115 . agthib, TBC-LL¹ 4210 . aghadh, aighedh f., IGT Decl. § 4 .

I

(a) face, countenance: mad i nadaid ri[g] 'if it be [a wound] in the face of a king ' Bretha 26 § 9 . mad a naigid rig tuat roferta(i)r fuil graine 'if a one-grain wound has been inflicted in the face of a king' 28 § 12 . niba diles a aighidh do aoir, Ériu xiii 13.20 . agad ḟochoel forlethan, LU 4514 (TBC). ind aiged do chumtachtai the face for its comeliness, TBFr. 219 . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid ṅgil, 223 . aged ethiopacda slemangorm aci, MU² 689 . niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, Sc.M² § 5 . comleithet a aigthi do derg-ór, CRR § 17 . ag ínred a aichthi `tearing his face', TTebe 930 . dob iomdha aighthe giall ngonta, TD 11.32 . deōr tromthoirsi / co tī tar abra ar n-aigthi-ni, ACL iii 234.18 . dar a aighid, 4.28 . a.¤ fedil see fethal.

By metonymy of persons: a haighidh fhīr woman of the true countenance, ZCP xiii 174.9 . fer ard uas aichthib Emna / diar chomainm Tadg . . ., Rawl. 163b13 .

(b) surface: aigead gach airgit, Ériu xiii 58.1 (See xix 117-8 ). ordlach i tiget cech lainde dib . . . co m-ba haiged oir uli lais ár medon, Alex. 581 . dar aigthib sciath, TTebe 4115 . mar chaoin aighthe cupa ó cheard, DDána 119.34 . ar aighidh mhín Mhaonmhuighe expanse , Ériu v 66.8 . a haghaidh ghléigheal . . . (of a hill), TD 4.5 . ?ria n-aidche agaig (leg. agaid), Ériu iv 162 § 25 . fa aghaidh na firminnte across the face of the firmament, Aithd. D. 61.21 . ag cur bhairr ┐ aighthe mo bhaisi deisi . . . palm of my right hand, Parrth. Anma 1020 . ar aighthibh . . . an aigein, ML 48.10 .

(c) front: meitheal dar bh' aghaidh sinn súd we were in advance of that working-party, DDána 42.6 ; cf. baluid dia lethagid in luirg, ┐ tanic dia lettáib, TBC-LL¹ 651 ( LL 8103 ).

(d) shape, form, appearance: aen dib a fuath duine, ┐ aroile a ndeilb dhuim, ┐ anaill a naigid ilair, Grail 3399 .

(e) honour (see 1 enech II): dar cend aigthe Conculainn `for the sake of C.'s honour', RC xiv 428 § 52 . tuc Eochaidh a aenrosc do dar ceann a aigti, BB 383a35 . ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s.v. eineach. Cf. do tabairt aighti doib giving countenance to them, ZCP v 42.30 ( BCC 123 ).

Note also: ic fóbairt aigthe a feirgge for Troiánu, LL 236b22 ( TTr. 1458 ).

II In phrases implying motion, intention etc. (a) With follg. FOR, FRI etc.:

(a) dob aghaidh ar éttualang (of an impossible undertaking), AFM v 1646.1 . agaid for Ath Cliath to attack A. ALC i 2.19 . is tráth aighthe ar Allmhurchaibh, DDána 85.1 . fa neimhleasg liom aghaidh air `I was in no wise loth to approach it', TD 11.7 . ní hésgaidh linn ort aigheadh, IGT Decl. ex. 826 . a n-aighthe ar in sen-fhairrgi making for the sea, Fl. Earls 58.7 . aghaidh dhamh-sa do fhios Bhriain, Hard. ii 202.11 . déne prostrait ┐ t'aiged fri talmain face downwards, PH 454 . a agaid fria lochtaib, PH 8227 .

(b) With attá: ni bḟuil bur n-aighedh le clesaibh riderachta, RC xxix 112 § 8 . is indess ro boí a aged [.i. do Temraig], Trip.² 1011 . Note also: aghaidh gach droichsgéil amach! all evil away from us! Dánta Gr. 9.1 .

(c) do-beir a.¤ co, fri turns towards, makes for: tucsat agaid a long gu . . . turned their ships towards, Lism. L. 2968 . mad cucainni dobera Conch. ┐ Ulaid a n-agaid if C. and the U. make for us, CRR § 21 . tugaisse aghaidh ar Ifearnn, Aithd. D. 70.21 . do bhert a aghaidh ar uaithnibh `he directed his course by Uaithne', AFM vi 2144.20 . tuc an toiced a haghaidh ar in rí, fortune turned her face towards the king, Expugn. Hib. § 64 . tug R. / aighidh ar an lucht rosling `R. has turned to the people who had defeated him', Studies 1919, 256.3 . tucsat a naigid innaenfecht for Leth Cuind attacked, SG 369.2 . ( LL 299b1 ). tugadar a n-aighthe ar airgne ┐ ar éadála . . . do thiomsughadh turned their attention to, Maguires of F. § 13 . ro thriallsat . . . aghaidh do thabhairt ar dhol a nulltoibh `attempted to effect their passage', AFM v 1854. 13 . gibe ealadha ara ttiobhra duine aghaidh whatever science a person may turn to, Rule of Tallaght § 67 . tug a aghaidh res an uile he faced everybody, DDána 15.9 . Note also: tar Carrthaigh . . . / cuir aghaidh na himeirche tar cuan L. face the band over the shore of L., DDána 74.49 .

III In prepositional phrases.

(a) before, in front of (with AR, FOR, FRI, I N-, LA): nemhsgathmhar ar a.¤ a eascarad `undaunted before his enemies', Rel. Celt. ii 196.6 . an tan curtar ar aigid na gréne é when it is exposed to the sun, O'Gr. Cat. 259.8 . magh . . . do bī ar a n-agaid before them, ML² 1039 . ercid is-in less ar bar n-agaid, PH 4371 . for agid Tripolim, Rawl. 71b6 . Eoin re haghaidh an leanaibh in the presence of, Dán Dé xi 18 . fuair cricha na hEtáile re [a] aghaidh before him, CCath. 1225 . dogní munterus fri-a n-aichthibh they pretend friendship to their faces (opposed to behind their backs), PH 7704 . rucait i n-agid ríg Lochlainne they were brought before the kings of N., CRR § 13 . Peadar abstal na aghaidh / do shéan Iosa `in His presence', A. Ó Dálaigh li 11 . do radh go im agaid `to my face', MR 76.14 . Cf. an president . . . do shuidhe lé hacchaidh Sruthra `laid siege to S.,' AFM v 1640.16 .

(b) towards, in the direction of (with i n-): tainic . . . N . . . ana aigid-seom, Trip.² 313 . na daine do rala do na aigidh who met him, Laws iii 178.12 Comm. erigid-siu 'na agaid go to him, TTebe 4179 . dodechaid bó dasachtach ina agaid `came towards him', RC ii 398 § 37 . guais don tí nach tabhair lón / i n-aghaidh na dtrí dtionól (of Judgement Day), Dán Dé xxii 32 .

(c) against (with FRI, I N-): táinic Seth . . . is misi ann re aguidh `where I was awaiting him', Ériu iv 116 § 21 . do ordaigedar . . . a forairedha do c[h]ur re h-agaid Eōgain on the watch for E., ML² 445 . roeiridh an abhond ré aigid the river rose against him, TTebe 3582 . ba tearc d'Ultaibh re a aghaidh `few of the Ulaid would resist him', Aithd. D. 8.4 . ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, LU 4028 ( SCC § 48 ). in fer ro bai ina adaig i.e. his opponent, Laws iii 218.7 Comm. i n-agthib na srotha sain against the current, TBC-LL¹ 4210 . ata comaimserdhacht ina adhaigh sin there is a synchronism contradicting that, Ériu iv 144 n.19 . is amlaidh ata in leiges a n-aiged na nadura, RC xlix 25.z .

Up (of a slope, steps, etc. with I N-): cloch mulind do chur ana agaid shlebe to roll a millstone up a hill, TTebe 1669 . a n-aghaidh in staigri upstairs, Fl. Earls 218.16 . anagaid aird uphill, Maund. 31 . cuirid i n-a.¤ opposes, contradicts: doirbh leis an gcorp cor 'n-a aghaidh, Dán Dé xix 3 . doreir baramhla na ndaeine nglic nach fuil cur ina agaid accamsa `to which I do not object', Maund. 157 . gan ar breith do neach dhíobh freasabhra ná cur 'n-a aghaidh, Keat. iii 102 . ro chuir ina acchaidh a aindliccheadh ┐ a eccóir fair `upbraided him', AFM vi 1972. 10 . do-icc i n-a.¤ : na tecait i n-agaid in rechta atharda, IT i 170.9 . ní fetar teacht a n-agaid chainti an chumachtaigh sin, TTebe 1075 . tāinic O . . . . i n-a aghaidh sin O. disputed that, ML² 612 .

(d) for (with FRI, I N-): iasg i n-aibhnibh re a aghaidh `for him the fish fill the rivers', Aithd. D. 36.3 . aingeal re haghaidh gach aoin, Dán Dé xxiii 3 . dogēn-sa in cētna at agaid I shall do the same for you, ZCP xiii 181.z . i n-aghaidh mo dhísle dhuid / m'ḟaghail is tríbhse tánuig in return for, TD 14.37 .

(e) for the purpose of (with FRI, LA): fri agad bretha ┐ cocerta, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 412.15 ). aingeal re haghaidh smachta an angel to correct (Michael), Dán Dé xiv 4 . fri h-aighid a biata `to prepare food for them', MR 50.18 . go mbeittis i náon ionadh re hacchaid báis an fhior-naoimh, BNnÉ 273 § 246 . lé haghaidh Somhairle do cennsucchadh, AFM v 1820.12 .

(f) on the point of, about to (with FRI and vn.): atámúid re hadhaigh catha do chur we are about to give battle, Ériu v 190.480 . do bí M. . . . le haghaid sil éorna do chur, BNnÉ 232 § 146 . re haiged techta duinne cum in gleannasa `before we entered', Maund. 257 .

(g) as an offset to, corresponding to, instead of, etc. (with I N-): ro badur bessa ac na mnáib sin a n-aghaid mathusa na fer sin as a counterpart to, Acall. 7310 . cid fodera foimeilt in ferainn do dul a n-aghaigh na eineclainni annsin? `what is the reason that the use of the land goes (is set) against the honor price in that case?' Laws iv 258.1 Comm. 'na aigid sin in compensation for that, TTebe 1633 . Aed mac T. do athrigad . . . ┐ Aed mac F. do rigad doib ina adaig in his place, Ann. Conn. 1350.9 . luagh i n-aghaidh th'anshóigh, Dán Dé xii 12 . bliadhain i n-aghaidh na h-uaire a maireann an t-éiclips uirre féin a year for every hour, Corp. Astron. 158.4 . i n-aghaidh a ndearna dhóibh / do shaothar is do sheanmóir in return for, Dán Dé xi 24 .

(h) In Laws in phr. ar a a.¤ féin on one's own, in one's own right: ara aigid fen a ænur, CIH vi 2281.13 (Uraicecht Becc) . no ara aigidh fein, UR 102 § 2.11 . o bus orgain airlechta in druith ar a aigid fein a aenar, cin adhbar, cin bidbanas `of his own accord', iii 158.8 . a lan dic ar a aighidh fein, 244.y. eneclann don triur is uaisli bis and ar a naigid uodein `on their own account', i 164.21 . .x. samaisci ar a n-aigid bodein `at their own natural value', v 66.28 .

IV In adverbial phrases.

(a) a.¤ i n-a. (FRI, AR, DO etc.) face to face (with). atáit dá clar-cisdi mora ann in n-agaid a n-agaid, Todd Nenn. 94.x . ragab tilaig agid i n-agid dona sluagaib, TBC-LL¹ 4557 . agid fri agid is Glenn Mamra directly facing, Rawl. 73a31 = is and ata sein aigid d'aigid fri glend Mambra, BB 6a9 . ag feitheamh na Tríonnóide aghaidh ar aghaidh face to face, Ó Héodhusa 54.16 . In Laws Comm. of things set off against each other: a da nindlighedh aghaidh inaghaidh, Laws ii 140.12, 78.29, i 114.5 .

(b) ar a.¤ forward, ahead: buille air aghaidh a step forward, Donlevy vi 19 . do chum gnothuighe móra ar nanama do chur air aghaidh `to help on the great affair of our salvation', 444.19 . ag dul ar aghaidh going forward, TSh. 10793 . Sometimes with poss. referring to subj. of prec. vb. toircidh . . . ar bar n-aghaidh, `right a head', Cog. 86.14 . triall do b'áil ar a haghaidh, Aithd. D. 81.2 . ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib forwards and backwards, CCath. 3612 .

(c) In Laws Comm. do a.¤ , for a.¤ of improper motion of flail: in cet sceinm do leth da aghaidh forwards, Laws iii 222.8 Comm. ata leth aithgin ann for a aighidh when it slips forward, y. noco naithfegtar acht aighidh nama account is taken only of slipping forward, 224.2 .

Compds. With adjj.: abach . . . agedban, CCath. 4099 . occlaech . . . agedchain fairfaced , CCath. 6026 . Aeneas . . . fer imlethan aideadhdherg red-faced , BB 427a50 . gach inad uiscidhe, agaid-fhliuch flooded , MR 256.15 . da óclach . . . agaidhgeala, TBC-LL¹ 4346 v.l. in allchnocoip agadlethnaibh broadfaced, CCath. 5634 . ind fir athlaim agedmóir broad-faced , LL 20345 . With noun: dá lethantrosdán . . . ag imachar a haighedhcnám front bones (shin-bones?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.y .

aibéis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aibéis or dil.ie/723
Last Revised: 2013

x depths of the sea; sea : lear, aibhéis, bochna … anmanna gach árdmhara, Metr. Gl. 11 § 15 . dromchla fhuar na háibhéise (: éise), Measgra D. 135.32 . nach tacmaingeadh i n-ichtar aibheisi na abhann 'on the bottoms of seas and rivers' MR 102.3 . bái fá'n aibéis n-echorguirm, KMMisc. 194 § 3 .

aiccid, accaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccid, accaid or dil.ie/760

n tenant, farmer(?): atrocratar acaide in tire leis, CCath. 2901 . accaidi do gabhail, 1227 . muintir Rabhartaigh . . . Coloman an Sgríne ┐ acaid[e] rígh ó bhFhiachrach, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . acaidheadha .i. aittreabthaigh nó tionóntaige, O'Cl. Freq. found in association with the name Fiachu, youngest son of Cathaír Mór: attreib Cathāir / cōecait mbliadne būanḟlaith / a.¤ Fiacha fīrmaith / flaith ḟechair ḟūamdaith F. was a peasant, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 § 16 . sil Fiachach ba ha.¤ , Rawl. 124a22 . Fiachu ba ha.¤ can as roainmniged, 36 . Cathaer Mar mandrad Brega / Fiachu fer ba haicceda, 83a48 . Fiaca Baiccida .i. ba ha.¤ .i. in aicce a brathar, BB 253b4 . Fiachu baccid, LL 315b54 . ro bai [Fiacha] . . . a [bh]fail a bhráithreach . . . conidh de sin ro lil F. Fa hAicidh de ar a bheith a n-aicci a bhráithreach, Leb. Cert. 202.y . Cf. 1 aicde?

aidilccne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidilccne or dil.ie/877

Forms: aidilg(n)e, adailcce, adlaice

n , f. (aidliccen). Also aidilg(n)e, adailcce, adlaice.

(a) what is needful, need, necessity: athgabail trebaire ┐ adhilce .i. ima dliged adhluig, Laws i 254.7, 20 Comm. iar naidilgne uird according to the right order, iii 40.28 . triasin adailgne sin (of the Incarnation), Rawl. B 512 fo. 67d (Plummer MS notes). nach feichim dodaincie illessaib ┐ aidilgib (adalcib v.l.) co cenn mbliadna, Anecd. iii 25.16 . o rob erlamh gach nadhailge, ranaic Golamh a les, Leb. Gab.(i) 222.17 . Of what is needed for war: do chor bhídh ┐ gach n-adhailcce archena isin mbaile, AFM vi 2034. 20 . na baí aidhilcce neith fair ro bhadh lainn lais do cum choccaidh while he wanted nothing which he deemed necessary for war, 2142.19 . lá lón ┐ lá gach n-aidhilcce rangattar a les, 1986.8 . cona congaibh théchta da gach n-aidhailge `with proper equipment' (of soldiers), Hugh Roe 126.10 (fo. 34a) . ic innell ┐ ic imluadh a n-adhelge (adhelcce, adelcce v.ll.) arcena ┐ a n-arm catha o sin amach, CCath. 4644 . ?adhailgne .i. dligheadh, ailghean no mín, O'Cl.

(b) need, strait, difficulty: inna adlicne indigentiae, Enchir. Aug. 77a ( ZCP vii 482.491 ). ?ticfa[dh] rim, manbad m'ōigi / adhalgi na hēnpōigi, RC xxxvii 351 § 14 . omun ┐ uacht ┐ gorta ┐ aigilge, Aen. 1301 . fri airchisecht ar n-adlice, ACC 14 ( RC xx 162 ). ba hádhbhul méd a n-aidhilgni, CCath. 2355 v.l. (adhailgnighi, text). aidhble na haidilgne a mbatar, Leb. Gab.(i) 196.1 . lás in adhailcce ┐ las an ccuimhge a rabhattar d'esbhaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.2 . tria aidilge airberta bith, 2140.15 .

1 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ail or dil.ie/954
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oil, oili

n i and k, f. (See GOI § 320 and ZCP xvi p. 183 ). oil f. (g s. and n p. oili), IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) boulder, rock: cid armbad spiritalis ind a.¤ . . . isi ede ind a.¤ rúnde, Wb. 11a19 . asind a.¤ `out of the rock', Ml. 93b9 . in lind . . ./ do ḟuc doib asind ailig (: maig), SR 4068 . dind a.¤ tuargabad asin tiprait, Trip.² 1067 . co mmemaid a chenn frisin n-ailich, 1507 . cobsaide ailech `firmness of rock', Thes. ii 356.4 . a.¤ (.i. cloch) trom, LU 9949 . petra lasin Laitneoir, a.¤ lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1087 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib, RC xii 434 § 37 . mo shuidiugad amal cech nailig ele isin múr clochisea, LB 157b8 . bás Mongāin . . . don a.¤ doteilcc Artūir air, ZCP vi 269 § 7 . enghuba esa ra ha.¤ , SG 366.25 . do bhí an oil ar muin Mhuire / far loigh tuir na trócaire (of the stone at the mouth of Christ's tomb), DDána 20.42 . atā foillicht a choss issin ailigh, Fl. Earls 208.22 . a.¤ .i. cloch, O'Cl. a.¤ áobhta .i. ail aithbhe .i. cloch frith ar tráigh, ib. With defining gen.: a.¤ chloiche large stone: ro bai a.¤ chloche ar a cind, IT i 82.2 . trascraid . . . oilche cloch forru, Aen. 2209 . darsin oilig cloiche, LB 126b23 . a.¤ adartha see 1 adrad. Fig. a a.¤ na sonairte (in a litany to the Trinity), Hib. Min. 43.12 . uathmar a.¤ (of God), SR 4773 . Of persons: ind a.¤ bratha . . . in t-occlaech ard allata, CCath. 2917 . in a.¤ mbratha nach fuilget nerta trenmiled, BB 419b16 . a.¤ cothaighthe gacha comlainn, AFM v 1340.17 . a.¤ ollaman a firmly established teacher, ZCP iv 237.27 . a.¤ firindi, Anecd. ii 8.24 ( Airne F. 272 ). ? Moisi mo cech n-a.¤ / i toisigecht in popail, SR 4451 . Aron ba amru cech n-a.¤ , 4513 .

In n.loc.: Colmán Alo, Thes. ii 269.41 (Ardm.) aduersum Coirthech regem Aloo C. king of Ail (Clúade), 271.33 . See also Hog. Onom.

Compd. ¤-bla stone boundary-mark, Laws iv 142.16 .

(b) grave-stone (cf. 3 oil): cu fil a ailcha imbi, Fianaig. 38.12 . cid glic fri ailchi uara `though he be cunning at carving cold stones', Fél. 188.9 . oil adhmaid a stone of remembrance, Ériu x 80 § 42 . beim fri ailchi aicetail .i. co mbi aicetul anma in fir nod cren accomul noguim .i. ogum na creca do beth illic firt, O'Curry 484 ( H 3.18, 251 ). iomdha oil úir san eing-se, DDána 92.2 . ail leachta grave-stone , Laws iv 142.17 Comm.

(c) monument, memorial(?) (cf. ailad?): forácaib ailgi ┐ airisni da márgnímaib, LL 221a33 ( TTr. 299 ). rolín in domun uili d'algib a nirt ┐ a níachais, 222a46 (ib. 380). d'ailgib ┐ d'air[is]nib a nirt, 225b45 (635). ailche ┐ airise a gnim, BB 414b45 . dia ailgib ┐ día gaiscedhaib, TTr.² 1501 .

(d) foundation, basis (of law, etc.): ar it é trénailig (trenailche, trenailce, MSS) in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betho, QML xiii 4 § 1 . is and do-n-icfad na duba digeanna cen a.¤ cen fasach `without foundation without precedent', Laws v 480.20 . co nailchib roscud ┐ fasach ┐ testemuin, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). breth cen ailig, Triads 244 .i. gan hailche 'na timchioll, .i. rosg ┐ fasach, p. 43 . Sencha . . . ni conberedh breth ngua gin teora ailche astudha cacha bretha, Laws i 24.23 . sruth do aill . . . do foxla ailche . . . imtha samlaidh in fer samailter fris; baidhidh droch leighniudha fortabhraidsi co nailchib testemna ┐ cedfaidhi, iv 356.12 . ni íadat iubaili for étechti a.¤ , LU 3473 `prescriptive periods should not close upon a foundation of illegality', SCC p. 34 . is ae fo a.¤ .i. iubaile tsaorratha inso, Laws ii 198.2 Comm. ?laighidh a.¤ for naesaib, iii 220.21, 24 , 226.21 . a.¤ .i. dliged no briathra, O'Dav. 631 . a.¤ .i. dliged (B. na f.), ZCP v 486 § 6 . a.¤ (also ailech) anscui(ch) the lit. immoveable rock i.e. unshakeable testimony: for-toing a.¤ anscuichthe lais (.i. for-toing airdi no aimseir . . . no laid no litteir . . . it hē mairb in sin fortongat for biu, nī fortongar cenaib) an immoveable rock testifies along with him (i.e. a sign or time . . . or a lay or letter . . ., those are the dead that testify against the living, without them there is no over-ruling testimony) ZCP xv 361 § 46 (xvi 228) . feitheam for-toing fir fri hailche andscuithe, O'Curry 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 ). it he a secht in sin con-osnat cach n-imt[h]aithbech: fiadnaisi inraici, ailig anscui[ch]thi . . ., Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . tri filidecht techtai, tri ailge anscuichthi, tri airmitin sen, ZCP xii 363.35 . ni ruc C. breth riam cen teora ailig ancsui[ch]thi breth occa .i. ailig aicnid gaisi etc., CF 73.4 ( SG 89.30 ). ?do fuair . . . a liomhdha (= líomhadh?) an algaibh `in the noble arts', Oss. v 146.5 . See also under 1 all

Cf. 1 ailech.

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

aillsiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aillsiu or dil.ie/1058

Forms: aillse

n n, f. Later aillse , f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 144-5 and Vendr. Lex. sore, tumour, abscess: amal tuthle nó ailsin gl. cancer, Wb. 30b13 . a bean con aillsin duibeogaing, IT iii 102 § 185 . canncer .i. aillsi, Rosa Angl. 172.19 . ailse a canker , Eg. Gl. 685 . mac claime ni comail máthair ar nach ruille aillse uaithi .i. ar na rolena loissi oll na claime uaithi, O'Dav. 1364 . cor' gab aillse fo muinel, RC xvii 138.33 . doronai allse ina etan, Anecd. i 9.16 . aillsi robai for T., Lism. L. 4843 . dorattsomh an boban frisan aillsi bai for gruaidh . . . et rolen an aillsi don clucc, Irish Texts iii 21 § 19 . a gcrechtuibh na haillsi, 23 Kings 42. 70.5 . na cnámhaillsi . . . rē chnes, ML² 1126 . mar aillsi ag snámhchnaoi, Desid. 4849 . In phr. bainne aillsi: bainde aillsí, BB 66b21 . co roibi baindi aillsi fora munel, YBL 171b18 . an tiarla . . do écc . . do bainne aillsi ro gabh ar a chois `ulcer', AFM iii 24.10 . Note also: geibid . . . cnocc aillsi (cnocca. ?) for muneol blister, SG 416.9 ( LL 274a19 ).

aimbrite

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimbrite or dil.ie/1099

n , f. (aimbrit) barrenness, childlessness: bai dano Fanchi i n-ambriti co cian, LL 367 marg. sup. baí trell i n-amrite, LU 4294 . dia . . . sóerad ar an aimrite, Lism. L. 4649 .

aimser

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimser or dil.ie/1149
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: amser, aimsir, aimsire, aimsiri, aimsire, aimsir, aimsera, aimseara, aimsior, aimseraib

n ā, f. (see Celtica i 339 ) n s. ind a.¤ , Sg. 66b12 . ind amser , Thes. ii 229.26 (PCr.). a s. aimsir, Wb. 9a9 . g s. aimsire, Sg. 66b15 . aimsiri, LU 8049 . ? an aimsire , O'Curry 1902 ( 23 P 3 , 23 (21)b ). d s. aimsir, Wb. 23d23 . n p. aimsera, RC xlix 7 § 3 . a p. aimseara, BDD² 261 . g p. aimsior, MS. Mat. 572.29 . d p. aimseraib, SR 10 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) point of time: condidtísed ind a.¤ ba chomadas dó, Wb. 21a1 . tánicc a.¤ mo idbarte se, 30d11 . isind aimsir sin, 13b1 . tanicc a.¤ derb togle troi, desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb, Sg. 66b17 . cisi a.¤ hi forcomnactar in gnimai `at what time the deeds took place', Ml. 97a5 . is í sein trá amser i llotár in macrad, LU 6344 (TBC). cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ a.¤ ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc (a common opening of Irish treatises), Fél. 2.1 (cf. Laws i 2-4 ). aimsir cinnte a báis, RC xii 336 § 27 . adeir fellsam díb anuair docí sé curab a.¤that it is the right time for it, Maund. 204 . Note also: tōet for m'ainech-sa co fārgub-sa Temair lais ar nī lim ind a.¤ rucus brith it is no longer mine since I gave the judgement, ZCP viii 311.36 .

(b) period of time, span, spell: robói a.¤ nad rochreitsid `there was a time that ye have not believed', Wb. 5c10 . ataat alaili feidligte ho aimsir `there are some who endure for a while', Ml. 21d4 . ilardatu inna aimsire mbite som isind fognam, 28b9 . baí oca amser már iar sin for a long time, LL 14554 . in aroli d'aimsir, Hom. Leg. 77.15 . fri re n-aimsire for a while, TFrag. 76.5 . ?immusrala muir aimsera co tāncatar Éirind time and tide served(?) (or for aimserda?), ZCP viii 312.14 . ar séan uaire ┐ aimsire, TD 41.15 . i cind amsire iartain fácbaim-se E., LL 7332 . tug an toice re haimsir / druim riom . . ., for a time, DDána 90.2 . ó aimsir go haimsir from time to time (i.e. occasionally), Keat. i 80.21 . gacha haimsire `always', Fl. Earls 122.22 . term, stage: fiarfaighter an bind iiii h-aimsera a gach fiabrus, RC xlix 7 § 3 . beir tri h-aimsera gerra ad tigernus fen aris, BCC 374.7 . i n-aimseruib laith, Laws v 268.20 . Of a legal period a.¤ togu: cadiad aimsira thogha? . . . a cinn a ceithre mbliadhan dec do ingin, a cinn secht mbliadan dec do mac, i.e. the end of the fosterage period, 14 years for a girl, 17 years for a boy, after which a choice could be made between marriage or the religious life, Laws ii 192.13 Comm. , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 188 . a n-aimsir dithma, Laws ii 114.19 Comm. a.¤ aenaid, aimsir dunaig, v 302. 32 . a.¤ chue see cóe. fixed-term agreement (of service): do-rinneadur aimsear re chēile go ceann bliadhna 'they made an agreement of service between them for a year' Celtica iv 70.205 .

(c) period, age, epoch: á aimsir in n-aimsir a saigal hi saigul, Ml. 115b7 . ri co ruinib robai fail / ria ndúilib rianaimseraib, SR 10 . ó cheudtos na naimsior gus aniu, MS. Matthew 572.29 . hisin chethramad amsir in domain táncatar Gaedil i nHérind, LL 1804 . fri remius chóic n-aimser cósin `for the space of five ages' (before the crucifixion), ZCP iv 388.2 . ré cúig n-aimsear during five ages, DDána 20.12 . rule, reign, time of specific persons: i namseir da mac Aeda Sláne, Thes. ii 298.25 . nach raibi 'na righ-aimsir eineach badh urdrucu, Hy Maine 135.12 . i n-amsir na náem, LL 298b5 ( SG 367.2 ). d'aimsir na n-apstal, TSh. 5008 . Of contemporary time: conricci in n-aimsir hi taam, Wb. 9a9 . is it amsir cluinti se / longes tri mac n-ard n-Uisle, IT i 70.7 (L. mac nU.). ro derscaigestar a tech . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, LU 8049 ( FB 1 ). rosháraigh na uili macu a aimsiri ar mét, RC x 188.3 . bo geis . . . don ḟilidh isin aimsir sin anfis do beith fair at that time, ACL iii 4.19 . lucht énaimsire contemporaries, Mart. Don. Feb. 7 . lifetime, life: do chomurtha a slánti ┐ tormmaig a amsire iarum, RC xii 436 § 46 . senoir . . . ar caithemh forgla a aisi ┐ a aimsiri, x 191.8 . biaidh m'aimsear 'n-a héanlaithibh, DDána 6.35 . do chaith a aimsir go haithrigheach, TSh. 413 .

(d) season (of year); weather: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened in the season of winter, Trip.² 112 . i naimsir in geamfuachta, Laws i 2.7 . i naimsir erraig, ii 120.17 Comm. to-tét meas fo aimsera, BDD² 261 . do 4 haimsearachaib na bliadhna, Corp. Astron. 16.1 . ba ro-mhaith in a.¤ ┐ na sligthe frissin ré sin weather, Fl. Earls 80.24 . aimsir theinntide thessaide neimhneach, 192.x.

(e) Gramm. Of the `time' or length of sounds and syllables: liquidae .i. hit lechdacha lesom in tan nád techtat acht oin aimsir `he deems them liquids when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . fat aimsire na sillab, Fél.² ccviii 5 . is cumair sin ┐ ni bi fair acht aimsear co leith tantum . . . da aimsir . . . forsin nguthaige fota, Auraic. 1349 . intan immorro is aenguthaige amal ata a o alt eter da aimsir and, 1432 . Of tense: issí ind amser éccríchtha `the unlimited tense (the aorist)', Thes. ii 229.26 ( PCr. 62b2 ).

? Temporal adverb: áirmhe náid aimseara . . . lochdach . . . a ttús chomhfhocuil cheirt, IGT Introd. 24 § 97 . áirmhe ┐ aimseara . . . aimseara, íairmbérla coimhleanamhna: ané, aniogh . . . lochdach a ttús chomhfhocuil íad, 28 § 125 .

aimsiugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimsiugud or dil.ie/1157

u, m. vn. of aimsigid

(a) act of aiming at, striking, attacking: int a.¤ aimsiges in sacart in cailech the movement which the priest makes towards the chalice, LB 251a58 ( int ammus admidethar, Thes. ii 253.15 ). ród na haithrighe d'aimsiughadh, TSh. 9295 . is mairg danbha sealb a crod / mina faghbha a aimsechadh, ZCP viii 542.26 . do choraigh dia . . . / a h Erinn in ta.¤ / tréna naomaib niamghlana i.e. that the movement to spread the faith should start from Ireland(?), SG 21.6 . in inad a aimsigthi `where he could be attacked', MR 200.4 . do imgedur na huile aimsiugh the ┐ adhghaill dā raibhe orum (of removal of physical blemishes), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1270 . act of tempting, trying: co roclóad Demun de / triasinn aimsigud trede the devil was overcome in the triple temptation, SR 7580 . demon bāi inn-Ardmacha oc a.¤ c[h]áich, Anecd. iii 7.16 . seindit na demna cruiti . . . cum aimsighti forro `to tempt them', Marco P. 20 . ar na dechsaid i n-aimsigtib, PH 3052 . gach aimsiugad ┐ gach temptation, Ériu xii 252.6 . docair don anam iodhan / dul uatha gan aimsioghadh, DDána 5.7 . ō aimseachadh gach uilc, Parrth. Anma 3878 . do ceist ┐ do ances for S. . . . ┐ dia a.¤ to try him, ACL iii 4.19 .

(b) Legal act of suing, pleading: treisi do ac in aimsiughadh a ae . . . no ac aimsiughadh a fiach, Laws i 82.8 Comm.

áin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áin or dil.ie/1161

Forms: áine

ā, f. and i, f. see GOI § 736 . Also áine. Vn. of aigid.

(a) act of driving (animals etc.): cuic seoit a n-ain (.i. inund .i. ind) ┐ a tain (.i. imach .i. as), Laws iv 156.20 ; 158.7 Comm. ni haclaide ain bo do tarb, 156.21 . [ d]ilmuine ana aiges, ii 72.8 . i ndeguidh na hana, 13 Comm. atait secht n-imana . . . na tuillit fiacha . . . ain bo a fer, etc., v 136.6 . fothla ┐ tothla ┐ an ┐ airgsiu (species of `duinecaithe' or man-trespass ), iv 98.18 Comm. andilsi do flaithib fothla tothla an tan aircsiu, ZCP xii 366.16 ( H 3.18, 7b ) = án tán `driving in, driving out', PRIA xxxvi (1921-4) 310.71 . á .i. táin. O'Cl.

(b) Of games: in tan ba há.¤ phuill dognitis when they were driving (balls) into a hole, LU 4985 . oc āin līathrōidi, TBC-I¹ 495 . oc aine (áni LU) līathrōidi, TBC-I¹ 428 . a lorg āne, 381 = l. ána, 390 . bai seom . . . oc aine feacht ann, YBL 181a24 . iar n-áine faebur `play of blades', Metr. Dinds. iv 330.14 . ? ba hathlamh áine im úaga, i 6.8 . Of racing horses: ōenach .i. āine ech, Corm. Y 1002 . ōen nde blaī āne ech n-oenaig, ZCP xi 93 § 28 . Of holding a fair: ní cumhaing aenach do á.¤ , AFM ii 594.y (cf. 1 aige).

Note also: an mac [bāid] robói / nói mīsaib im āin (: bāin) `in my womb', BColm. 16.22 .

ainféile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainféile or dil.ie/1321

n (féle)

(a) immodesty, impudence: is messa ind amprome quam ind anfele gl. impudentiorne . . . an improbior, Sg. 42b4 . cia h'anfhéle umaidi `thy brazen impudence', PH 1756 . bai dia hainfélisi na ro faelangair gan luighe na fochair, Leb. Gab.(i) 26.29 . ainbféile .i. amhnáire, O'Cl. See ainble.

(b) inhospitality: ní dligh ollamh ainbfēile, ZCP viii 109.10 . ceann ainbhféle Erionn `i.e. the most notorious man for inhospitality', AFM iv 660.4 .

(c) great hospitality: a mhian d'ainfhéile (: rairéidhe) is d'e[n]gnamh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 16 § 13 .

2 ainféth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ainféth or dil.ie/1331

n (cf. 5 féth) evil appearance: bái anfēith (anféth, v.l.) gorta fuirre, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.21 ). ba liach . . . fraéch ┐ anfed forsin tulaig sin `roughness'(?), Ériu xi 50.7 = anfeth, O'Curry 2053 (H. 4.22, 63a).

ainmm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmm or dil.ie/1471
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: a., ainm, ainm, ainim, a., ainm, anmae, anme, anmma, anmme, anmaim, anmin, anmmaimm, anman, anmmann, anman, anmann, anmanaib, nainm, nainmm

n n, n. Later m. int a.¤ , Trip.² 305 . ainm m. IGT Decl. § 41 . n s. ainm, Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 30a11 . ainim, 30a9 . a.¤ , Sg. 56b10 . a s. ainm, Ml. 30a10 . g s. anmae, Ml. 30a10 . anme, 36b1 . anmma, Sg. 26b11 . anmme, 211b6 . d s. anmaim, Ml. 30c17 . anmin, 17b9 . anmmaimm, Sg. 54b3 . n p. anman, Ml. 104a4 . a p. anmmann, Sg. 61b3 . g p. anman, Ml. 87a12 . anmann, Sg. 27a9 . d p. anmanaib, Ml. 30a8 . n du. da nainm , Ml. 34d6 . a du. da nainmm , Sg. 28a7 . For Ogam ANM see Vendryes Études Celt. vii 139-46 (= inscription? mortal remains?).

(a) name: anman na coic cathrach, Ml. 104a4 . hond anmim asberr iesus, 17b9 . is ed dogair som ho anmaim chailich which he calls by the name of, 30c17 . do dechor etir anmmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid inna crann sin, Sg. 61b3 . ind anmma dilis `of the proper name', 26b11 . Calpurnd ainm a athar, Trip.² 82 . Gnimcinnsiolaigh la ainim by name, TFrag. 168.10 . oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, Sc.M² § 12 . cechlabat fir hErend . . . inn ainm sin, TBC-LL¹ 1056 . ainm n-ogaim, 582 (See Études Celt. vii 139-46). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh (required in certain kinds of satire), IT iii 105 § 210 , see p. 122 and Éigse v 231 . Dismus ┐ Geomus anmand Grécda na latrand, Ériu iii 198 § 25 . sgríobhaid . . . anmonna ar slógh i nglanrolla, TD 30.9 . anmanda na seacht fear ndeg, Auraic. 125 . da n-ainm fuirre she has two names, ZCP viii 106.5 . Inis Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn / do shlonn sí trí hanma ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1152 . suairc an daingean anma d'Aodh this fort called Aodh's, DDána 119.10 . a.¤ baiste Christian name: Tadhg no Domnall, atá sunnradh anma baisde ionnta, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.21) . an Colum Cille . . . is é fá hainm baiste dhó Criomhthann, Keat. iii 1575 . i n-anmain in the name of: combad a n-anmaim cruichi Crist noragadh a n-agaidh Tholamir, RC x 184.7 . i nn-anmaim Athar ┐ Maicc ┐ Spirtu Noíb, Trip.² 668 . nach óen dobéra ní it anmaimm, 1343 . dia nglacadh . . . a n-ainm diūc de parma `to . . . receive them in the name of the D.', Fl. Earls 102.26 . baí ssidhe . . . leith bliadhain in ainm ┐ in ionad an prionnsa inErinn, AFM vi 225 § 11 . Meaning uncertain in phrase a.¤ rainde ('share, proportion (lit. a division in name only)' Ériu xl 104 n. 9 ; `proportion', Laws Gloss.; 'specified or fixed amount; designated fraction' EIS 102 ): in tainmrainne gabus in crann ina cloich gurab é in tainmrainne sin do leth logh bes fair ┐ is é rainn rachus ar na anmannaibh rainne sin, O'D. 916 ( H 3.17, c. 653 ). in tainmrainne gabus éric nochtaithi tige . . . bes a mbuain a tuige dib, 1696 (H. 5.15, p. 31b). in t-ainmrainde gabus aen trian secht cumal indtib uile, Laws iii 116.9 Comm. in tainmrainne geabus in sine isin uth, 366.5 Comm. in t-ainmroindi dun cethraimthi eneclainni . . . gurub a leth bias do, Laws v 34.17 Comm. in t-ainmrainde gaibis an sechtmad isin mis curob e an t-ainmrainde sin don dechmaid bes tis, 308.2 Comm. in tainmraindi d'a eniclainn fen do biad dosum, 72.10 Comm. Title, heading: an t-ainm iasachta uarais the foreign title thou hast got, TD 22a.8 . gan ainm ríodhamhna gan rígh, 32.44 . do chailleas onóir mh'anma, DDána 90.3 . ní dhé sin tré cheart n-anma / goirthear rí go bhfreasabhra `such a man cannot strictly be called opposed', Content. vi 138 . is anmmaim ona attat `under the name of loan', Laws v 368.x Comm. toirmisgther ann so a nainm gada . . . gan fiacha nó cíos do dhíol under the heading of theft, O'Gr. Cat. 113.32 .

(b) reputation, repute, renown: dia lotar fo-dess for fecht | fo ainm Iosēph i n-Ēgept 'they went southwards on a journey under the protection (lit. name) of Joseph into Egypt', SR (Greene) 3647​ . forbīad a ainm ar gnīmaib gaiscid firu Érend, TBC-I¹ 551 . is í T. cathuir is mó ainm indti `the city most of name', Maund. 228 . ? bidh ainm cintaig in gairm ndodhad / bid ainm cinadh, ACL iii 295 § 29 ; cf. 296 § 35 . ainm uasal san Eoruip ort, DDána, 90.6 . bhar n-ainm féile re fada / méadóchaidh Mac Diarmada, 68.35 . ar mhéad anma is einigh, TD 10.2 .

(c) Gramm. noun: ind anme fil ina chomsuidigud gl. nominis, Sg. 211b6 . intan nád ṁbí conson etir peneuilt ┐ uilt isind anmmaimm chétnidiu gl. in nomine, 54b3 . nibí dechor etir diall nanmann ┐ pronominum `there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns', 27a9 . a.¤ (= nomen) ┐ pronomen ┐ briathar, Auraic. 300 . a.¤ scoilte noun composed of different words: ainm sgoilte nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil: Fégh fa lighe, no Giolla na naomh, no Mac Raith, IGT Introd. § 124 (28.23) . So also: ainm sgoilti, ainm ceirde, § 97 (24.27) . a.¤ substaintech concrete (as oppd. to abstract) noun(?): ar an méd as pearsuin di (i.e. don ghaoidheilg) seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha, § 2 (2.10) . gan aithearrach oghuim do dhénamh ar chonnsuine láir anma subsdainntigh fhocuil nach comhfhocal, § 102 (25.33) . a.¤ trén substantive, see trén. a.¤ adiecht(a) adjective see adiec(h)t(a). a.¤ úathaid simple (i.e. uncompounded) noun , see 1 úathad. Cf. doaidbit ainm hi suidiu gl. nominatiui casus uim habent (of verbs), Sg. 159a2 (noun). Nominative case: ag sin, ag súd, is ag so comchóir réim is ainm orra, IGT Introd. § 128 (29.8) . co ír [réim] ┐ ainm na mbéluibh sin, ag sin mhnaoi ngil, ag sin bean gheal, ibid.

airbríg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbríg or dil.ie/1648

n (bríg): d'a.¤ . . . da phíanad ri gairgríg nGaídel to emphasize . . . his being punished, Metr. Dinds. iv 110.48 . da bai gan airbrig adbail `great power', MacCarthy 314 § 5 .

airchoimted

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchoimted or dil.ie/1736
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: airchoitmed

vn. of ar-coimtimm, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 512 . Later also airchoitmed. act of excusing, excuse: ni tellfea doib irchoimted in hora iudicii , Wb. 26a23 . inn erchoimded gl. apologiam, Tur. 82 . ní damdatar erchoimded they suffered (i.e. would take) no excuse, Trip.² 2383 . cid ara cuirther do trise ina lesa so? co tardad neach [cach] urcomded de, Laws i 236.10 . d'erchuitmed a chinad le[s]-sium = quasi excusationem habeat, PH 5165 . robói . . . oc erchoitmiud (erchoitmedmiud, MS.) na tánaic . . . ar ro boi a tromgalar, TTr.² 809 . Erchoitmed ingine Gulidi, title of a story, Hib. Min. p. 65 . ier ttabairt a choipsen go huilidhi gan urchuidmedh fon doman, Fl. Earls 154.22 . As comic n.pr.: frisrogart Aurchuitmhe (Aurchoimned v.l.) mac Sodethbir . . . co n-erbuirt sidhe ac urchuitmhe (aurcomdet, aurchuidbeth v.ll.) assa leith, Anecd. ii 68.2 . ? ag urchuitmhe (oc aurchoim, oca hurcoim v.l.) ar Themraig, 53.z. urchuidmheadh .i. diúltadh no leithsgéal, O'Cl. Cf. auráin .i. aurcomndeth, O'Curry 123 ( H 3.18, 75a ). tícht co P. do erchoitmed fris to make excuses for him to P., Trip.² 2173 . ba h-irchuitbed fri foigdech 'making excuses to a beggar', MacCongl.² 27.854 = aerchuidmeadh fri foigeach, BB 66b37 = airchisecht fri f., Triads 83 . bai . . . B. . . . ic erchoitmhedh frisna cléirchibh expostulating with, Lism. L. p. 224 n. 2 . ? aurcoimde . . . im biadh, ┐ cidh adhaltras no techt for coibdelaigh do cach aon chena is inann ┐ in teisinnracas mbreithre, O'Curry 1947 ( 23 Q 6, 50 b ). cethardha foloing imarbas . . . slatratu ┐ urcoimded, Laws iii 92.12 . ? cedfaidh cach nurcoimdedh uadha som, iv 356. 18, 21 .

airchomair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchomair or dil.ie/1747

n (comair) opposite position: ota aurchomair Sechim co sruth I. from opposite S. to, LB 125b35 . ro gab (sic leg.) . . . a erchomair he went straight on, IT ii1 174.30 . docuredar ass erchomuir in tslúaig they set out in the opposite direction from the host, LL 14093 .

With various prepp. With AR (FOR): ar a.¤ a n-aigthi ahead , LL 240a7 ( TTr. 1726 ). ar urchomair a gnúsi ┐ a agthi, TBC-LL¹ 5138 . inis fil for ercomair an essu for an ccuan, Leb. Gab.(i) 26.19 . With A(S): rapatar as urchomair Chruaiche P., Fl. Earls 8.z . as urchomair chāich before (i.e. in the presence of) all, 140.20 . With FO. In local sense: fo urcomair Innsi hE., AFM v 1580.12 . forsan bfairge fo erchomair Droma cliabh, ii 1104.14 . In preparation for, readiness for: ar oiregdacht a isdud fa nurcomair in readiness for (receiving) them, Hy Maine 140.5 . gan comarba meic leis fá hurchomair to inherit it, Acall. 4914 . dia imdeghail for na celccaibh batar fó a erchomhair `to protect himself against the snares which were laid for him', AFM vi 1920.3 . fait[h]chi urfolam fo ercomhair airechtais a vacant place for an assembly, CCath. 4912 . With I N-: is cuma loisces a mbis issa ┐ huasa ┐ inna erchomair in front of it, Ériu vii 160.12 . fial . . . i n-urchomair a gnúsi a veil before her face, LB 122a27 . tuargaib a tech i n-aurchomair a imdái, LU 8373 ( FB 25 ). iarna beith a n-urchomair na hec[h]tra `after having met the adventure', Ériu iii 158 § 12 . dochuaid cach 'n-a irchomair every one went straight forwards, TBC-LL¹ 1033 . In hostile sense against, in opposition to: i n-urchomair na n-anmonn ad nocendum animabus, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 2 . co nār fuilṅgetar hi n-urchomuir a aighthe `did not dare to face him', Fianaig. 74.19 . i n-urchomair Gall do ghein / Ó C. O'C. was born to oppose the G., Aithd. D. 5.6 . go mbeith-siumh . . . i nercomhair catha doibh, AFM vi 2128.2 . `nar n-urchomhair confronting us, Dán Dé v 20 . Lugaid tra a nirchomair na cell, in dias eili for in tuáith, Irish Texts i 17 § 51 . awaiting, in readiness for: braighde . . . do bheith aca 'na urcomair to have hostages ready for him, ML 52.32 . ocht fichit bó i férgurt ghabála ina urchomair, SG 139.y . gan chomarba meic lais ina hurchomair i.e. to inherit it, 194.26 = fa hurch., Acall. 4914 . Mac Aodha . . . / cáin Fhódla 'n-a urchomhair `the rent of F. awaits A.'s son', Aithd. D. 7.38 . for, with a view to: tri haige seasga . . . a nurchomair airbearnta do dul ina tochas, no a nirchomhair feola, O'Curry 1265 ( H 3.18, p. 511 -2) `i.e. to make good defects in stock, or to be made into beef', Plummer MS. notes. tir . . . a nirchomair féoir to be reserved for hay, ib. esbadh sét i nurcomair cacha haicde na ticfa de, O'D. 1677 (H. 5.15, p. 28a) `i.e. the `seds' are to be diminished to correspond with each `aicde' which is deficient', Plummer MS. notes. a nurchomair frescisin dona buaib in hope of increase from the cows, O'D. 1952 ( Addl. 4783 7d ). trian a nurcomair a hail . . . ┐ trian a n-urcomair a sailtince `in consideration of', Laws iii 372.17 Comm. i n-erc[h]omair in meic ecalsa, BColm. 18 § 19 . Corresponding with: da se bratta fo chis chain / da sé phairt 'na n-irchomair to correspond with them, SR 176 , cf. Laws i 20.28 Comm. Contemporary with: cenḟinna uile cen ail / bai Herend na erchomair in his time, LL 911 = ina aimsir, BB 31a4 . teist ro ḟersur ré siabordai ina urchomair sé ṁbliadna déc dlegma scur, LL 14290 .

? airdigthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airdigthe or dil.ie/1840

ind teora bai . . . do tegdis for ingelt a hairdigthe Echbeoil a hAlba, O'Curry 772 ( H 3.18, 363a ).

airdrochat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdrochat or dil.ie/1873

n (drochet) causeway or steps leading to a house: aurdrochait na ndorus n-og, SR 465 . dus relccet sios fris na súainemhnaib go ro tharbhluingset for san urdrochat ro baoi allamuigh do dhorus an dúnaidh, Hugh Roe 14.4 . it salcha na herdrochait, Hib. Min. 66.8 . bā himm úr a erdrochat, MacCongl. 37.9 . is and bái Dirmaid oc glanad urdrochit a thaigi, LL 353a70 . for-roebling a gaisced forsind aurdrochut, MU² 912 . no bered immorro ōn drūth in fiach a inathar for irdrochiut, Fing. R. 154 . commofaccatar M. iarsind aurdrochut ina ndochum, 1020 . agh cacha treoitt ┐ muc cacha hailbhin ┐ caora cacha urdrochaitt, O'Curry 1850 ( 23 Q 6, 51 b ) = cach urtroit, O'D. 1574 (H 5.15, 6a). tar in cairigh cach urdroichit, O'Curry 1916 ( 23 P 3, 24 b ).

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