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2 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áige or dil.ie/917

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e) io, m. Perh. same word as 1 á. post, prop, pillar: braga .i. bir-āga. āige ainm bir, Corm. Y 161 . aighe .i. sail no gabhal, O'Cl. dún . . . dorus umaide fair ┐ ágai umaidi and, LU 1793 . bertais . . . inna hágu umaidi, 1799 . cach aga cach airenach (of the Tech Midchuarda), LL 3704 . Extended uses. Of a person: cach óen nad beir genelach cosna cethrib agaib arddaib seo .i. co Niall la Hu Nēill, co hEochaid Mugmedoin etc., Rawl. 140b28 . imme, maith in taighe, / suides flaith cech tiri (of the king of Tara), Ériu v 232.16 . ba háge immairic cach fer dib seo pillar of battle, LU 1602 ( IT ii2 214.52 ). ?dal armairc gan all n-āighi / as tairgsin āirmhe ar nionaibh, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 33 . inmain áighe sútt `beloved chief', BColm. 36.16 . Frequ. in Fél. of saints: Pól apstol, ard áge, Fél. Prol. 119 (.i. calma, Fél.2, where Stokes suggests reading colma. Hence aighe .i. calma, O'Dav. 69 , O'Cl. citing Fél.). Benedict balc áge (: Árne), March 21 (.i. tuir, ib.). Pátraic prímdae áge, Nov. 2. comdíre do rig ┐ epscop ┐ agu rechta litre ┐ suid filed an authority in literary matters, ZCP xvi 175 § 4 . age rechta dilgetha .i. int og-ae aca mbi dirgidetu dilgeda, in fer leiginn .i. sai chanoine, Ériu xii 12.2 . a.¤ fine head of the family: cor focerdcar (leg. -tar) seach aga fine ada cora do beith oga, Laws iv 60.12 . co tuca cach a cond .i. a aige fine, i 80.29 Comm. leth coibche cach ingine dia haighe fine, iii 314.9 Comm. a.¤ réire judge: aighe rere .i. brethem, O'Dav. 19 . aighe réire ag breith fírbhreath (glossed aighe .i. sail no gabhal; réire .i. aosda .i. sail sheanoirde re breitheamhnas), Hard. ii 294.8 . Of a high place: fil dam aichne áige . . . benn B., Metr. Dinds. iv 70.1 . rodharcbla . . . isi cric domídigear rosc ┐ adsuighaidter criche frisin, ma rofeisear in da aighe derba bidé iman raind sin `this is the district estimated by the eye, boundaries are defined by these if the two certain heads which are to this division be known' (i.e. the eye fixes the boundary if two points of it remain i.e. by running a straight line between these points), Laws iv 144.5 Comm. is ed tainic a n-aige ┐ a n-ardde ant srotha co rochuired uadha na cairci commora, TTebe 3623 (Ed. takes as 1 aige). aighe .i. cnoc, O'Cl.

airchissecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchissecht or dil.ie/1724

n ā, f. Vn. of ar-ceissi ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 486 ). IGT Verbs § 112 .

(a) act of compassionating, sparing, pitying; pity, compassion: do thabhairt díglae foir nípo dia a.¤ , Wb. 4c21 . is ar airchissecht dúibsi ni dechud sa cucuib, 14c40 . ar is mou ruicim les m' airchissechtae indaas digal do thabairt form, Ml. 22c14 . hond erchissecht gl. [diuina] propitiatione, 32d23 . inna erchisechttæ gl. misserandi, 120a5 . dlegair airchisecht `he deserves pity', Mon. Tall. 144.25 (§ 46) . cia dom chartib . . . dom airchisecht this is one of my friends come to comfort me, LU 6301 (TBC). ? tiumargain cin aircisecht .i. t. in bidbuidh do gin aircisecht in feichemhan toicheda, O'D. 573 ( H 3.17, 442 ). na bad scarad . . . athig ri shétig ac iarraid a airchisechta, LL 243b23 ( TTr. 1995 ). dia rom cur misi dot airchisecht, YBL 158b46 . bid uaite bar nairchisechtai i.e. there will be few to pity you, Alex. 223 . don cholainn tugas treiseacht / móide iarraim m'oircheiseacht, Dán Dé xi 2 . bud étrumaidi a iargnó ┐ a oirchisecht agum my regret and pity for him, MR 122.10 . In passive sense complaining, lamenting: ac écáini ┐ ac airchisecht, TBC-LL¹ 3657 . ni roloing cen airchisecht without pain, TBC-I¹ 1606 .

(b) act of helping, assisting, taking care of: ro aithniset fir Muman a ngiall dia airchisecht to be kindly treated, LU 4366 = dia n-airchiseacht, Anecd. i 16.8 . tainic dia oirchisecht on nairne sin i raibhae ó Find, RC xi 131.70 . oirchiosachd aoidheadh n-annamh (a work of charity), Mac Aingil 3612 . corp na maigdine do anorugad ┐ do oirchisecht `to honour and cherish', Grail 3720 . observatio legis et vitae .i. airchisecht cuirp ┐ anmai, O'Mulc. 297 . ro badus ac modsaine dom curp cin nach oircisecht do denum for m'anmain `serving my body when I gave no thought to my soul', Grail 3838 . Of a sympathetic message of warning, frequ. coupled with robud: tæt nech ūaib co robud ┐ co nairchisecht do Choinchulaind, TBC-I¹ 2319 . nach asrelgfedh ó Domhnaill dia orgain gan rabhadh ┐ airchiṡecht úadhasom dhó, Hugh Roe 158.20 . bertais Fergus rabudh ┐ oircissecht d feraib Erenn, ZCP viii 542.22 . adchonncatar chucu . . . aonmarcach le hoirchisecht rabhta `with an opportune warning', Caithr. Thoirdh. 61.26 .

Concrete alms, pittance see oirchisecht.

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais , TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais , Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais , PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

2 bertaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bertaid or dil.ie/5739

v (bert) brandishes, flourishes; shakes, tosses; makes quake (some of follg. exx. perh. to be taken as forms of beirid): fer borb bertas bróengó, MU² 486. b.¤ a echlasc bar in sluag, 692 . no bertatís a tengtha ina cendaib (of serpents), Alex. 726. Fig.: bertsait mórgnimu noí meic Carbada uill, LL 13466. ? fri boidb hi mbroí bertas (rhet.), BDD² 1043. ? bertfaid mór ō Laignib milliud a báiguil, ZCP xii 236 § 55. con crothsat ┐ con bertsat in talmain caused the ground to shake and quake, TBC-LL¹ 3385. bertais a druimm fria sliss in rīgt[h]ige `he pressed his back against', MacCongl. 53.2 . bertais a s[h]altair essi, 59.18 . bertais uaid anes do Sleib Mairge `he hurled it' (a spear), RC v 202 § 24. go ro bertsatar (co rucsat.v.l.) iṅgni na tarb ferchubat fir i talmain é arna bás (`trampled him', TBC-LL² 4881 ), TBC-LL¹ 6155. Fig. ? bertaid -si aichni aicbeil forin scel sin, ┐ teid a ciall uaiti `turned a terrified attention', Aen. 791.

feb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feb or dil.ie/21378
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: febai, feba, feb, feib, fib, feba, feba, Feabh, fib, feib, feabgarta

n ā, f., in oblique cases also ī, d s. febai, SR 1663 . feba, 2074 . Other exx. below. Cf. nimraib orddan ná feba, Ériu vi 116 § 2 (ra f. v.l.). A n s. feb is not recorded for O. Ir. ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 75 ), the only form in the Glosses being d s. feib, fib (with force of a rel. adv.) which Thurneysen regards as d s. of fíu (quality, worth) ( Thurn. Hdb. § 298 ). The orig. sense may be way, manner, kind , the meaning implicit in the adverbial use.

I As subst.:

(a) excellence, distinction, used of external condition, prosperity, appearance, and also to denote a high degree of a quality or state: feibh .i. maith, O'Cl. `feib' feabhus, Metr. Gl., D 31 . truag for mbith fo dorchaib trel, | for feb fo thomthaib Dé sad ... that your prosperity (?) should stand under the threats of God (?) SR 7994 (of the learned). dā sē sescat, sluag fo feib (of the heavenly hosts) 559 . 'na faitchib | lánaib do ligaib fo feib, 439 . saegul Adaim ... | tricha dó, derb bai fó feib ..., 2023 . oenmac na fedba fo ḟeib, 7119 . ar feb ┐ innbas, IT i 142.1 . coro molaim ríg as cach feib i mbí so that I am able to praise a king in each of his qualities LU 10298 . cid asa ngaibther flaithemnas ... ? a feib chrotha ┐ cheneoil, Tec. Corm. § 5 . an naemh De co feibh ndelbha, AFM ii 752 . ba gilla ... co feib láthair excellent in disposition Anecd. i 51.9 . in máthair ... | co feib láthair, Metr. Dinds. iii 84.10 . Conj., ar f.¤ for, because of (?): Femen ... is ann robatar da rig na damraidhe ... ar feib a ngelta, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 210 (< H 3.18, 81.2 ). pl. consert la feba Féne, LU 8286 ( FB 22 ). rom altsa ... la feba Féne hi costud forchaíni, hi fogart genussa ...; at mathi ém na feba sin, LU 10314 (= romaltsa la febai ..., ZCP iii 236 ). is ed tuargaib a [ḟ]eua suas that hath raised his excellences up Thes. ii 314.7 ( Hy ii 24 , with gl.: .i. a mathe). foendul feb going astray (i.e. loss) of excellences (?) SR 1887 (chev.). Heremiam fri feba fiss, 7451 . conid am eolach hi febaib fiss, LU 10305 . tri treba ... fri feba firles, SR 4438 . fil lim ... di ḟeib eolais co nachat bertais I have such skill TBC-I¹ 2813 . assamīdar fīr iar febaib, Rawl. 108az = RC xxvi 18 § 26 .

As. pred.: ba feb ar crábud `excellent for piety' (gl. on: ba leir) Thes. ii 314.35 .

(b) wealth, fortune, possessions, social status: in Laws the external qualifications of property by which (a man's) rank was determined: in tan diablas feib mboairech when he has double the qualification of a `bo-aire' Laws iv 316.8 ( Críth G. 262 ). is[s]ruithiu feib la Feine oldas aes .i. is uaisliu inti aca mbi feib tochusa ina aes cin feib, O'Curry 732 (< H 3.18, 350 ). tuisech cacha fine ara-nithead feib ┐ bescna, Laws v 438.25 . is iar feaba dogoathair `according to dignity' Laws iii 78.21 . cis lir ro-suidigthi fodlae febe ... fria [m]bandire how many divisions of worth are there for establishing the `dire '-price of women ? (with gl.: inn feib asa ndirentar mna .i. im [a] inchaibh maithre no a c[h]ele ┐ rl. Also: cia lin da ḟodeiligther enecland fo beabtaidh ... i fogail risna mnaib), Ir. Recht 27 . ro mhes miodhbha gach filid a mesaibh febhe, Ériu xiii 19.15 . Cf. secht rann fichit friasa [leg. trisa] toet feab ┐ ordain do duine, ZCP xii 363.30 . fodla febe divisions (i.e. degrees) of dignity Laws v 78.23 . Here, probably, belongs: diabul feibe Finnbennach, IT iii 247 = LL 247a33 (on the two bulls of TBC). anōs [ = anúas] datur feib ┐ ana cāich, O'Mulc. 86 . robo din ... diar feib ┐ diar n-indile, TBC-I¹ 535 . dérchaīned di cech feib fogaib duine ar homun a foxail airi, ZCP iii 27.28 = Ériu vii 172.4 (feb). i tuillem do febe, Laws i 156x (.i. inī tuilles a feib tochusa do `the thing which his dignity derived from property gives him' 162.12 ). is mō dlegur ceathra dona hairechuib oga mbītt ba .i. do grāduib fēine, oldās dona hairechuib oga mbī feib thochusa .i. dona grādhuib flatha, v 290.15 Comm . im caire feibe 438.22 (.i. im caire na flatha `rights' 440.4 ). ná roissed righi na airechus na feibh thochusa in te ... ná dingned reir Senáin, Lism. L. 2368 . pl. (in sense of goods, possessions ): ce nodailtis ind huili feba in betha `though the world's whole wealth were poured into it' Ériu vii 152.12 . feba in talman (bona terrae) ZCP iv 242.1 = Ériu iii 2.13 . fo bithin etarscartha fria a maīne ┐ a feba talmandai, ZCP iii 27.23 = Ériu xii 246 . airchinnech ... cen sain-techtad feb `without private possession of goods' Ériu iii 106 § 45 . is ed ... conatechtsi ina slabra, fuither fossuid cona febaib a permanent estate with its benefits Dinds. 60 (cf. feabh .i. tóchas no cumas; gona feabhaibh .i. gona cumas, O'Cl.). in ri find co feraib ocus [ḟ]euaib `treasures' RC xxvi 166.11 . Cf. the npr. Fiacha mac Fir Febe, LU 5035 , etc. F. mac Fir Feba, Cóir Anm. 281 , with the expl. that Feabh was the name of his mother.

(c) way, manner (?): (in B. na f.) fon fiu [ = fib] cetni in like manner RC xiii 223.47 . O'Curry, MS. Mat. 473.41 . Cf. cen feib íca do tigerna d'agbáil lat without finding any means of healing thy lord LU 3535 ( SCC 29 ).

II In dat. used as a rel. adv. or conj. ` in the way that', as: (by Stokes considered a distinct word, Metr. Gl., Gloss.) Cf. feib .i. mar sin nó bindis, Lec. Gl. 46 . For transition cf. follg. exx. in which feib has the full force of a subst. though used adverbially:

(1) with gen.: diabul n-eirce feib aighthe aertar `according to the face which is satirised' Laws v 228x ( .i. fo feabus na haighthe, 232.12 ). co ndena cach uaib umaloit do Dhia feib a chumaing according to his power PH 5271 . dia comaillem na hii-sea feib ar cumaing `according to our ability' 2546 . Here, perhaps: feibh fechemhan, Ériu xiii 29.21 . agá cosnam fríu feibh a chumhaing, AFM vi 1940. 23 . Cf. biait fót, feib do changen ngel | airbri ... archaṅgel, SR 835 . ita do mét dethiten ┐ gráda cáich dibsium feib oc araili `there is as much solicitude and love with one as with another' RC xxv 246 ( LU 2652 ).

(2) with adv. léir just as, exactly as (see also feib as dech below): adfias[s]a duit ... feib leir donralad do nim, SR 1787 . I will tell you exactly how we were cast out of heaven, Celtica xiv 1 n. 5 .Cf. feib leir dorigned ... atchuas, 3727 . atchuadatar feib léir rodgellai 5816 . feib lor doranic, 5339 . With amal: atbiur mo brethir na bia Emain feib amal conairnecus, LL ii 12829 . feib amal connís, ii 12763 .

(3)

(a) folld. by indic., as, according as, in like manner as (cf. mod. Ir. fé mar): doinnasatar inna piana inna corpu ... feib dunda[a]lla indib will be given ... as there is room for them in them Ml. 30c17 . feib fondúair som la auctoru is samlid daárbuid as he has found it in authors Sg. 144b3 . feib conrerortatar isindí as quis (gl. eodem errore inducti) 210b4 . ni bia feib rombói ríam as he was before RC xxv 22.12 . tánic galar ... feib tic do cach, for Adam, SR 2026 . feib roclos, 1221 , 1321 , 7675 . feib adféidim, LL 5b2 . co ndigset som uili ar m'o[e]sam-sa feib dochuadus-[s]a ar a faesam sun, TBC-LL¹ 942 . feib charai th'anmain fodhein | car anmain cach aein love the soul of others as thou lovest thine own ACL iii 317.1 . messu damsa feib fomrith, Ann. Inisf. 440 (f. 1) . aes leginn do forcital | feib ata [bias v.l.] a neart according as their strength is 314 § 25 . feb is cóir as is right BColm. 52.2 . rochan riu feb atrubairt D. fris, MR 50.13 . feib ro ordaig aingel Dé do Mac C., MacCongl. 111.22 . With copula and superl. (for syntax see Celtica xiv 1-2 ): fib as deg ropri[d]ched, Wb. 23a3 ; exactly as it has been preached, Celtica xiv 1 . co ro icthar frit feib as dech atberat fir hErend exactly as the men of Ireland declare, TBC-LL¹ 1622 (amail St). lotar ... i cléthib aeóir ... feib is sia thiagait uiss as far as larks ever mount 6040 . ro ling ... feib as deiniu nolingfedh in leoman, CCath. 3609 . fessaiter in rígrad ... feib is aíbne ┐ is anordha batar riam remi `lay ... in as pleasant and honourable a manner as ever before' MacCongl. 107.24 .

(b) as temporal conj., as, when: feib thanic ... tanic Láeg istech, LL 263b9 ( MU² 223 ). feib ra chualatar ... rachuclaigetar a crideda, CRR 39 . et feib rogeisestarside rogeisetar scéith U. uile, 48 . feib tarnic sin, tic-sium istech, MacCongl. 63.28 .

(c) folld. by subj., just as: tallastar i n-óenglaic índ fir ... feib thallad mac bliadna, LU 9072 ( FB 82 ). Usually to denote hypothesis, as if, as though: ni gebad [nech] delb eli dib acht feib nobetis tigi ... ic rotuitim, CCath. 783 . rontrascradh a corp co talmain ... feivh bid marbh, Aisl. Tond. 93 = amoil dobeith, 121 . acht feibh [no]beith sál ar ond (.i. amal do bheith), ZCP v 483 § 2 = iii 378.6 . With perf. subj. in general statement: de-renur leth asa tothchus .i. a lethdiri asan febtu techtas, a leth n-aill a hinchuib flatha, Ir. Recht 65 § 6 Comm. . adfenar feib ronerthar it is paid back as it has been bestowed Laws ii 308 - 20 ( ZCP xiv 382 ). Compd. ¤garta of excellent generosity (?): flaithe febgarta, LL 10b35 = feabgarta (gl. by deigheinigh, saidhbir, tóchasach), Leb. Gab.(i) i 160 .

febas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. febas or dil.ie/21382

n u, o, m. (feb). excellence, excellent quality or condition , used in wide sense of persons, things, qualities, states and actions: boaire febsa a `boaire' of (by reason of) wealth Críth G. 17 . b. f. ... is do búaib atá a airechas ┐ a eneclann 152 (p. 78) . febus mo chommain sét ... ┐ indmassa foraib `the excellence of my bestowal' CRR 11 . is a aisiuc fon feabus tucad é restitution must be made in quality equal to what was given Laws ii 314y Comm. is athais daib muna derntai calma ... ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib the excellence of your means Aen. 2465 . huaire as n-uaiss a febus indata a celi his quality is superior to that of his fellows Laws iv 316.23 ( Críth G. 419 ). ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do cēille LU 8226 ( FB 17 ). ar f.¤ na cána ┐ in tṡída ... fail sechnon na hErend, BDD 66 . ní bertais buaid díb ar ḟ.¤ na ursclaige ┐ na imdíten, IT i 72.10 ( LL 260a32 ). ar fephus na cathrach ... ┐ ar feabhus an clerigh, BNnÉ 301.21 . ar ḟeabhas a oileamhna, TD 13.46 . gur thuill a moladh tré feabhas an toraidh táinig dhí, Ó Héodhusa 123 . ar a febus leo in cat[h]-sa do chur because they deem the delivery of this battle such a good thing CCath. 4236 . dursun duitsiu sin do ráda ... ┐ febus t'aithne considering the excellence of thy (powers of) perception Acall. 3172 . gia rabai d'ḟebas in imdíburcthi despite the excellence of the missile-throwing TBC-LL¹ 3562 . boi d'ḟebus in fethme, LB 156b28 . cia beith d'ḟeabus na síne however fair the weather may be IT i 123.6 . fer ... co febhus tidhnacail, CCath. 328 . ben go ffeabhus n-einigh, AFM iv 736 . do beirthi ... gach muc dá febhus ar phinginn `the best hog for a penny' AFM vi 2078.26 . gan tearmann do bheith ag aon-duine ... dá fheabhas nó dá olcas however good or however bad TSh. 5852 . dá fh.¤ sláinte ... bhíos aige, 8674 . dá fh.¤ do-bhéara duine a bheatha as no matter how well a man shall spend his life 1151 . dhá ḟeabhus dā mbí a staid however excellent his state Psalms xxxix 5 . Cf. ga begh [sic] a ḟeabhas? isn't that good enough? Luc. Fid. 327 .

feidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feidm or dil.ie/21472

Forms: ḟedma, fedmuim, fedman, fedmand, fedma, fedmand, feidhm, feadhma, fedhmanna, ḟedhma, fedmanda

n n, n. later m. n s. féidm n -úag, SR 6837 . g s. ind ḟedma TBC-LL¹ 2967 . d s. fedmuim, Laws v 488.35 Comm. n p. fedman AU 821 . fedmand, LU 10816 (M). a p. fedma, LL 216a31 . g p. fedmand, LL 146a5 . feidhm, m. g s. n p. feadhma, IGT, Decl. § 41 . pl. also fedhmanna (canamain) ib. ex. 1134 . 1143 . The primary meaning seems to be load, stress, strain, passing into the senses of utmost effort, effort, exertion; burden, service, function . The transition may be illustrated by such an example as: buí f.¤ cuinge sesrige ina samthaig there was the load of a plough-team in its handle = it would take a plough-team to move ... LU 9191 ( FB 91 ). carraig ... a roibi f.¤ seisrigi do tharraing, TTebe 942 . Cf. fri ētnu dam bátár fedmand la firu Herend cosin n-aidchi sin. co n-aicces la lucht in tsíde fora formnaib. dogníth samlaid la E. ... is aice toísech tucad cuing for muinélaib dam, LU 10816 . is leis doradadh cuing for muinélaibh damh ar tús, ar is fria n-édnu na ndamh do bhíth a feidm gó sin, Cóir Anm. 103 . dam ro boí fon feidm, LB 60by . a n-ingeilt fo fedmu[i]m (of oxen) grazing while at work, under the yoke Laws iii 266.23 . .x. damu dagfedma ten oxen able for a heavy load (?) Ériu ii 4.7 . ba he feidm toisech doriacht an eclais a fh.¤ his (ox-drawn) load (of timber) was the first to reach the church Lism. L. 2558 . co ructha graige ┐ eti ┐ fedman iarmaib so that steeds and flocks and loads could be brought along them (of frozen streams and lakes) AU 821 . [doghniat] fedmunna ramhōra do thinol ... cu nach lugha inās in cnoc ... in dumha chonnaid fil aca they are gathering together great loads (of firewood) RC xliii 106.13 .

(a) strain, stress, effort, exertion, undertaking: f.¤ as mo, | comrac re Coin Culainn, TBC-LL¹ 3117 St. adfét scéla in mórfedma atconnairc enterprise (i.e. labor of constructing a causeway) LU 10826 . fri deiscin ind feadma dobertatar do dénam an tochair `the effort they put forth' Ériu xii 178.7 . Cf. TBC-LL¹ 758 St cited under feirtche. bíd féidm ferrda ocaib be of good courage PH 6504 . tresim fedma strongest of effort Auraic. 5556 . fedmanna ós niurt `exertions beyond one's strength' Tec. Corm. § 21 . da mbe in corp athach san uaig | a dhēchsain (sic leg.) is f.¤ firchruaid, ACL iii 239 § 27 . beg a f.¤ da degbois De | deilb dā tegdais small the effort for God's hand (?) 236 § 8 . ba f.¤ adbal d'oeinfer ... triall cosnama na cruinne, CCath. 4740 . tucsat f.¤ ferrda cacha fir furri cor chuirset assa tuinide in tromchloch, Acall. 2810 . tucsat a lāma ... chum na cloiche da tarraing ... ┐ ni raibe tarba issin trenfeidm ór nir ḟētsat a becc di, 2754 . briathra forránta, f.¤ tim `violent verbiage followed by feeble effort' O'Gr. Cat. 556.17 . dol re [a] gcosg ... fa feidhm ós cionn a bhfuluing, Content., xviii 71 . Folld. by qualifying subj. gen.: f.¤ cēt and do nirt he has the strength of a hundred TBC-LL¹ 1006 (= atā nert cēd ann, St). gegnaid banb ... ┐ nusberaid leo dia fuini ┐ a ḟ.¤ uili ann it was as much as they all could do = it took the whole of them (to carry it) ICM xiii Harl.

(b) work, service, duty, function (cf. d): ro forcongair ... for dam n-allaid ... in f.¤ sin do denam `ordered a stag to do that work' (i.e. to take the place of an ox at the plough) Fél. 72.28 . imāin na ndam dochom a fedhma dlighthi[gh] budein .i. a n-oibre, Laws v 136.15 Comm. ni f.¤ flatha nā fīrlaich duitsi aiscc feicheamnais do thabhairt ... `it is not the act of a prince in thee' MR 284.15 . na grāda do c[h]othugud | is f.¤ uasal mor aonfir, ZCP x 45. 4 . atá f.¤ ar leith ac cach aenḟer acaind a separate function Acall. 5460 . cret t'ḟeidm-si what is thy service ? 5465 . drong ... ic na bia f.¤ aili san cath acht a ngaire catha do tabairt, CCath. 5514 . bídh a ḟis ac [gach] aenduine díb cred is f.¤ dó, Maund. 202 . gach fear ag freagra a fheadhma, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . no geibhdis betha gan f.¤ ndaonda leó acht ernaigthe ... BNnÉ 320.22 . gan feidhm ndaor ar mhnaoi servile occupation Content. v 77 . do rinneas ... feidhm díbh I have done you a service xxix 4 . déanaidh feidhm don Tighearna = servite Domino TSh. 6767 . is é feidhm do-níodh an coileach dó, iarmhéirghe ... do choimhéad, Keat. iii 1120 . gurab contrárdha na feadhma iarras Dia ar na daoinibh ┐ an feidm iarras an saoghal (comm. on non potestis Deo servire et Mammonae) TSh. 9881 . do fedhmaim anmcharat function (obligations) of a confessor YBL 408a marg. sup. fer fedma steward (?): Finn .h. C., fer fedma ┐ ferannuis moir do righ Connacht ` agent ' ALC 1223 (p. 266z) .aes, lucht fedma soldiery; servitors, attendants: dochuir a glaslaith ┐ a aes fedma ... d'argain Aeda g., SG 66.28 . IT ii2 135. 325 . Oss. iii 162.7 . lucht fedhma an dunaigh, L. Chl. S. 11 . Folld. by defining gen.: denasa f.¤ gabunn act as smith Lism. L. 3783 . f.¤ a ngreagh uatha orra | longa lūatha ... on the swift ships they impose the function of their steeds (?) IGT, Decl. ex. 2140 . feidhm na gcogthach re cois long, | feidhm teanchaire i dtigh ghabhonn | ... tarla oraibh `god airdrígh, TD 19.16 . do bhamur ... a bhfeidhm ollamh in the capacity of ollaves KMMisc. 56 § 5 . ní fili ... | hí f.¤ eoluis ilcrothaigh in the practice of various kinds of knowledge ZCP iv 237. 11 = Leb. Cert. 236 . ni faict[h]e ise fri f.¤ a lēiginn ┐ a grēsa, ACL iii 308 , VI 12 . f.¤ n-eclastacda, YBL 166b5 . i bfeidhm na súiste `wielding the flail' O'Gr. Cat. 532.7 .

(c) of a warlike effort or strain (often in broad sense of attack, onset, defence, etc.): cach f.¤ catha ┐ comlaind ... dingebatsa díb uile sin, Acall. 5462 (corresp. to: eigen catha v.l.). do réidhighedh láithir iombuailte dona ... miledhibh sin ar go bhfesdís fein f.¤ comhlainn a chéile, B IV 2, 146b19 . feidhm na leirge a aonar air, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 104 . ar a angbaigheacht i n-ionadh fedhma `his valour in the field of conflict' AFM v 1778.15 . lá feadhma day of stress, battle Ir. Monthly 1927, 552 ( 23 L 17, 81b ). an bhuidhean ... bhíos iomad i n-am ḟeadhma `in time of stress' TD 21.6 . re hinnarba cach fedma ┐ cach foreigne `to repel every attack and violence' MR 160.23 . f.¤ catha `exertion of battle', duty of service of a warrior in battle: dober-sa m'ḟ.¤ catha ... la P. I will exert my battle-strength with P. CCath. 1121 . do tabairt a fedma catha ┐ comluind leo `to give them their help in battle' Cog. 74.24 . rogabsat ... a ffedhmanna catha forra, ZCP xiv 231.16 . ro ba cruaidh in comthuargain ... doronsat ... ic gabail a fedmann catha forru, CCath. 5907 . ro láa ... fortocbhail a fedhma catha forru, 2016 . mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha, Marco P. 61 . (for gabáil fedma cf. co ngabad feidm fois that it should undertake the duty of stillness (?) Ériu iii 14 , but in the instances above there may be the notion of standing up to the stress of battle, taking punishment). cia dib no laccadh a fedm catha whose battle force was weakening CCath. 5975 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathaib iat, ┐ a feidm catha forro, ┐ a ndruim riu, Cog. 176.23 . ro-ordaigh C. a ffedhmanna catha for na curadaibh assigned to the warriors their duties ZCP xiv 240.4 [or does this belong to (b) ?]. Cf. cur fedma: ní lamh cách ... luadh cogaidh ná cur feadhma, TD 21.39 . cur feadhma dóibh risan druing | sluagh T. ní budh tualuing, 2.11 . g s. as attrib.: nertlia do chloich ḟedhma , ZCP viii 543.8 . bertais a eire fedma leis da trelamh ghaisgidh (i.e. as much as he could carry) TBC-LL¹ p. 303 n. 5 . tuc fuirmed fedma do gae ... air `a strenuous thrust' TTebe 2817 . tuc fuirmeadh feadhma ... fuirre (lifting a heavy stone) ML 2y . is fis fedma `a labour it is to learn' Metr. Dinds. ii 62 . pl. tucad leo fedmanda fillti for bogadaib bending strains (i.e., they strained bows to test them ?) TTebe 1275 . re haidhbhliu na fedmann no fuilngitis of the stresses CCath. 5872 . ag airiúghadh an ḟeadhma sin perceiving their labor (of men lifting a stone) ML 2.20 . Common in chevilles: f.¤ n-úag, SR 6837 . f.¤ as uaisliu, Fél. Jan. 21 . f.¤ ngle, BB 51a30 . f.¤ as détlu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . f.¤ ngialla, MR 204 . Transf. of persons: in Congenchnesach ..., in f.¤ nach fuiliṅgther, TBC-I¹ 2205 . gurab é an feidhm nach fuloingther ... .i. Fer Diadh, ZCP x 276.7 .

(d) use; efficacy, cf. (b): mór a bhfeidhm i n-aimsir the | d'fionnḟuaradh ceathra is daoine (of rivers), Content. vi 71 . Cf. ní feidhm do an Ghaoidheilg do léaghadh ... gan a bfios do bheith aige do mheabhair `without having them by heart it is a vain effort for him to attempt [he will not be able for] the reading of Irish' O'Gr. Cat. 630.24 . bíd drong ... doitheagaisg ann, ionnus nach bí feidhm ... an bás do bhagar orra so that it is no use threatening them TSh. 554 . dogní f.¤ de (re), makes use of: is é feidhm do-nídís do sheicheadhaibh na dtarbh, Keat. ii 5441 . nachar bhfer feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é the man to use a helmet O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 .

benaid f.¤ de makes use of; causes to work: ag buain fheadhma dá eachraidh, RC xlix 173 § 33 .

atá f.¤ ar there is use for; need of: ní ḟuil feidhm ar th'iomarbháigh your arguing is needless (useless) Content. xxii 31 . dá mbeadh f.¤ ar .ae. do leathnughadh if it were needful to broaden `ae' IGT, Decl. Introd. 7.6 . ní haige an muinntir a tá slán a tá feidhm ar an líaigh, Matthew ix 2 . ort o nach bfuil a bfeidhm since they have no use for thee Carswell 24.11 . an uair nach roibhe f.¤ ar chlogat ag énduine, agus dá mbiadh nach aigesion do bhiadh f.¤ riu, O'Gr. Cat. 510.24 . fuair feidhm ar a ghuidhe `he found his prayer efficacious' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.28 . Without AR: is móide ata féidhm againn Dia do ghuidhe, Eochairsg. 17.21 . d'ḟ.¤ of use, needful (with AR of pers.): go bhfoighe an ghloir ṡiordhaidhe ┐ gach ní atá d'ḟeidhm air dochum a faghala, Ó Héodhusa 224.10 . na neithi do bhí df.¤ orra do bhreth leo, Mac Aingil 64.17 . éin-rí ... dob ḟearr d'ḟ.¤ d'Éirinn ná Niall of greater service to Content. v 70 . Cf. má do chuireas d'ḟ.¤ orra cuaird ... if I have constrained them to search xiv 19 . Hence with obj. gen. need, necessity, occasion: ní bhí feidhm lóirghníomha air, Mac Aingil 303.13 . do gach duine do beith 'na feidhm who might need it BCC p. 132.16 . Cf. mainnear i bhf.¤ a faire adhbha an anma in need of guard (?) Studies 1931, 81 . ag so an fáinne i bhfeidhm na ndrol ib. cor faesma .i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma ... ┐ ní ar feidm gaire o geilfíne, Laws iv 62.4 .

Compds. ¤láidir strong of effort, energetic: fuirmeadh feidmlaitir, TBC-LL¹ p. 95 n. 1 St. fer foirtill feidhmláidir, AFM vi 2258.9 . gluasacht ... go foisdineach f., ML 64.17 . -nertmar id.: a fhlaith ... fedmnertmhar `mighty in enterprise' Aen. 1850 . a fiodhbhacaibh ... feidhmnertmara, AFM vi 2130.5 .

fogur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fogur or dil.ie/22802
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fogor, fogor, fogur, fugur, fogur, foguir, fogair, fogair, -ḟogir, foghar

n o, m. n s. in f.¤ , Wb. 12d5 . Sg. 203b9 . in fogor ib. fogor 18a3 . a s. fogur, Wb. 12d5 . d s. fugur, Ml. 26d10 . fogur, Wb. 12d5 . Sg. 9b1 . g s. foguir, Sg. 6a2 . ind fogair , 3b17 . n p. fogair, 4a3 . -ḟogir, 3b23 . n s. foghar, IGT, Decl. § 17 .

A sound in wide sense, used of speech, natural sounds, etc. foghur (gl. sonus) Ir. Gl. 469 . In Glosses renders Lat. sonus Sg. 6a2 . sonitus Ml. 26d10 . pronuntiatio Sg. 3b23 . 4a3 . 9a23 . vox Wb. 12d5 . rocluinethar cách in f.¤ et nicfitir cid asbeir, Wb. 12c22 . do scribus in amra a n-oenlo eter cheill ┐ ḟogur, LB 241a marg. inf. (`both text and gloss', Stokes, ZCP iii 225 ). niofil ... belre ... cen f.¤ (gl. sine uoce) Wb. 12d5 . ni anand sai i son i [leg. .i. ?] fodar dogres, achtmad hi cēll, Laws v 2.8 Comm. co fogur derchainte, LU 2408 . co cuala in gilla f.¤ isin tuind .i. córus cainiuda, RC xxvi 8.9 . fa `tot' dno a ainm in foghair sin doghni in tond (i.e. a splash) Auraic. 1613 . bertais ... inna hágu ... ┐ in f.¤ iarom dorigénsat bá ceól meldach, LU 1800 . ro ben a bachall ... risin n-arradh ... cu clos a foghar fon cill uili, Lism. L. 954 . f.¤ tuinni, IT i 78a25 . f.¤ gaíthe more, PH 5449 . co cualatar f.¤ na ngoband oc tuarcain ..., LU 1865 . f.¤ ... inna ngenti oc claide ratha, Lat. Lives 14 . ra fogor mendchrott, TBC-LL¹ 5214 . foghar ... na dtéad meannchrot, TD 25.18 . conatail and ... fri foghar ceirce Bairche `at the clucking of B.'s hen' Dinds. 89 (= fri fogur circi B., BB 399a34 ). gach dúil bhalbh a fuil foghar, IGT, Decl. ex. 1712 . amhail umha ag déanamh foghair = aes sonans TSh. 9413 . ea ... éa ... ionann guthaidhe dhóibh ┐ ní hionann foghar no síneadh IGT, Introd. § 11 . is fo[r]cradhach fogair 'it is excessive by a syllable' Celtica ii 283 § 31 .

In restricted sense of harmony, melody: f.¤ na ṅgrád, na céol ṅgle, SR 487 . seinnter gach fodur ┐ gach ceól, Marco P. 79 .

Rumour, report: an é súd an Cú Chulainn oirderc ata ḟogur aguibhse a nEirinn ?, RC xxix 144x (other MSS read: iomráiteach atá, and: atá iomráiteach, etc.).

Rarely of talk, discussion: má tá nach bhfionntaoi ar bhfoghar (i.e. my argument? But cf. 2 fogar), Content. ix 9 .

Compds.

(1 ) with adj.: ¤binn sweetsounding: fedán f., Acall. 1718 . ¤chosdae: in foghur-costa (of a steed, = Lat. sonipes), CCath. 5478 . ¤throm: faltanais fogharthroma clamorous ML 80.22 .

(2 ) With subst.: ¤béimnech: noisy beating: f. na fern siúil, LL 236a13 ( TTr. 1416 ). ¤cheól: f. na gcon ` baying ' RC xliii 22 § 19 . ¤drēsachtach: f. na caillted the jarring sound of the woods' CCath. 4172 . ¤gáir: co ¤gairibb moraibh `clamorous shouts' CCath. 4372 . ¤gerán: cnead ... ┐ foghairghearán ` loud complaining ' TSh. 4166 . ¤guth utterance: ar an bhfóghar-ghuth síghe `the fairy strain' Oss. iv 170 . ¤mongurán wailing sound CCath. 4165 . ¤muirnn ` shouting ' CCath. 3130 . ¤núall shouting, howling: fogharnuall, Hugh Roe 138w (f. 37b) . AFM vi 2016.16 . ¤thorann a thunder-like noise: fogharth. a n-ordanáis, AFM v 1786.7 . ¤thormán id.: go cclos ... a ffogharthormhán (of cannon) AFM vi 2028.9 . fogarthorman a ttrompadh ┐ a ttapúr, Hugh Roe 34.14 (f. 9b) .

See foguir(r)iud.

? 2 iúdic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 iúdic or dil.ie/29200

n judgment: na bertais breith na iudic for comorba Petair, PH 600 (= LB 8ay ). ? Or read iúdicecht, see below.

madae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. madae or dil.ie/31228

Forms: mudu, mudu, mada, i mmudu, i mmuda, amudha, amugha, immudu, i mm.

adj io, iā. d s. mudu, Wb. 16d4 (as instrumental), beside in-made, 19b10 ; in Mid.Ir. the former form prevails in advbl. use; in LL 156a33 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 290.56 ) mudu and mada are found together as nouns.

I Vain, ineffectual, fruitless .

(a) in Glosses with cop. or as advb.: act massu made in chretem (gl. nisi frustra credidistis), Wb. 13a34 . níba madae dam m[ḟ]oisitiu (frustrata non erit confessio), Ml. 46b12 . ba m.¤ dam du frecur cheill-siu it was vain for me to worship thee, 106d3 . made (gl. sine causa, an alternative to cen fochunn), 19c5 . reim nad mada, Anecd. i 72 § 202. a chorn chroes-toll tana | nirbo mada in mind, ZCP iii 39.8 . abair ré Niall ni madha | guth Eoghain mic Anmchadha `not lucky for him will be the curse of E.' (? not ineffectual), AFM i 438.3 = le N. niamda, CS 827. As attrib. with noun: nicon saethar m.¤ no idle labour is it, Fél. Ep. 227 ; quoted O'Dav. 1239 with gl.: madha no magha .i. nemglan, whence perhaps O'Cl. : madha .i. mi-adha .i. mídhlightheach. ní hí in chomairle mada, LL 146b39 ( PRIA iii 544 ). ni cara cāch cosg a baíse . . . bidh cosc mada, ACL iii 295 § 17. dia tuc in mór-grád mada d'Áed when she gave that great love in vain, Metr. Dinds. iv 4. issed ingaire mada | cen bú vain herding, RC xiii 385.8 .

(b) as adv., nearly always with prep. i n-, in vain, fruitlessly, to no purpose ; in Mid.Ir. usually i mmudu, later i mmuda, amudha, amugha and probably in time confounded with múdugud (Strachan VSR pp. 71 - 2 identifies the words). in-made .i. níbtá torbe de, Wb. 19b10 . is betha imaudu [immudu LU] a life wasted, TBC-I¹ 533. is maith i mmudu mo maith-se, TBC-LL¹ 1043 = a múcha, St. téit i mmudu (rarely téit mudu) is lost, goes to waste, perishes: i techt mudu elimoy. for the loss of the alms, Wb. 16d4 (an instrumental case in apposition, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 76 ). ferr uma cech aicde aird, | cia théit muga ní geib meirg `though it go astray (?) it will not take rust', Ériu ix 48 § 26. m'anim ni dig immada may not my soul be lost, Hy. v 96. téid a saethar i mudhu (amugha, for dimain v.l.), CCath. 1891. scribthar scela Cailti nach dechat a mudha, Acall. 7758 , cf. 5346 . nā tiaghat mu eich imugha let not my horses come to grief, Lism. L. 2314. errenad in met dochoid hi mudu let him pay as much as was lost, Ériu vii 160 § 2. cian co beth biadh ann-som . . . ni rachadh a mudu (amugud, amuga MSS.) it would not be spoilt, IT iii 188.1 . is ferr duit a chobuir; is liach a dolu himugu it would be sad if he should die, RC iii 345.3 . iar tiachtain inmadha. . na hingine, x 180.7 . rachaidh an t-anam soin amudha as a phobal féin (= peribit), TSh. 3291 , cf. 9595 . Goes astray: docuaidh G. amughadh ona muindtir, ZCP vi 78.22 . ná héirigh amúgha iona casánaibh, Proverbs vii 25. beirid (cuirid) i mm.¤ causes to perish, does away with, loses: fingal etrom . . . ┐ nít berad immuchu it would not cause your death, TBC-LL¹ 4300. nachat-bertais immuchu lest (the wounds) should cause your death, 4340 ; in the corresponding passages TBC-I¹ 2796 , 2813 the advb. i mm.¤ is omitted. itbér . . . cor-ros-laus immudo that I have lost it (a ring), ZCP iv 38.15 (TBFraích) = cor-roda-llaus immudu, LL 249b40 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. v 168 ), co rotallus amuga, RC xxiv 147. ionnus nach cuirfidhe nuachair amugha uirre lest she be baulked of a husband, Keat. iii 2796. is mór do chuir an t-andóchas amudha (= multos perdidit), TSh. 7389.

Hence O'Cl. : mudha .i. mudhugadh no básughadh.

II Rarely used as subst.: co fúair mudu is mór-mada (maga, mana v.l.) `destruction and utter frustration', Metr. Dinds. iii 290 . ? robí Nuadu . . . mac hui hIeir Etarscel, | ba do Mumain a mada | dia mairt os Leirg Labrada, ZCP viii 117 § 6 ( Rawl. 88a31 ). Cf. also: maidm a sceith .i. sciathlach a sceith do muga for a dornnaib `the straps of his shield to burst', Laws v 310.32 Comm.

rudrachas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rudrachas or dil.ie/35694

n m. continued or permanent occupation or possession, usucaption : a bhraighde do dhol i rudhrachus i lláimh Gall `should remain thus long in the hands of the English', AFM v 1744.11 . do bhen urlamhas a atharda . . . a dornaibh Danar . . . aga mbaoí a remhdísle ag dol i rudhrachus, vi 2178.19 ; i.e. `who were getting a prescriptive title to what had been held (by the Irish) in absolute ownership', Stokes (MS note). In follg. exx. used of a right, possession, etc. which has become alienated from the owner by remaining long in other hands: ná ro c[h]umhaing Ua N. an fearann d'agra ó chert, ar do-chóidh i rúdhrachus fhoda ó dochóidh tar shesgat mbliadhan `his title, having been more than sixty years in abeyance, had become obsolete', AFM vi 2350.14 . cionnus . . . no bertais fo a rēir do ridhisi an cách atrula hi rudhráchas úaidhib[h] all that had become long alienated from them (?), Hugh Roe 42.7 (f. 11b) . Cf. triall. . . do thabhach rúrachais chíosa ríogh Éireann, Keat. ii 4950 .