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2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( Thurn. Gramm. 285 ). Poss. adj. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasal- ising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán LU 3231 ( SC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donl. vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC² 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( Thurn. Gramm. 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth Gabl. 240 , ( Thurn. Gramm. 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruth- ugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth Gablach 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gen- tiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth Gabl. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imch- ossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', St. Ercuil 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, Arch. iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', St. Ercuil 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RS Clára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modify- ing verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, St. Ercuil 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōr- thrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donl. vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, St. Ercuil 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, degaid, deóin, dochum, éis, muin, son, etc.

7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See Thurn. Gramm. § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl.Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See Thurn. Gramm. § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth Gabl. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), E. O'Rahilly xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, Arch. iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Tim. vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, Arch. iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, ScM² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth Gabl. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúach- naib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompany- ing vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriath- ruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairid- nither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth Gabl. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Met. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomh- ardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, Arch. iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairr- gheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ?a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC² 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, Buile S. 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. Suibhne 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa degh- gnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, Arch. iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, Arch. iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

abacc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abacc or dil.ie/19

n o, m. (see Vendr. Lex. and ÉC xxiv 185 ) dwarf. In native glossaries derived from 1 ab (cf. Ériu xvi 38.4 cited below and We. afanc beaver), but the exx. do not support the meaning castor (Vendr.). abac .i. ab aband ┐ bac beg; bec bīs i n-aibnib é. Nó becc a á .i. a airde, Corm. Y 83 . a.¤ .i. bec abae, ar is a n-aibnib bit, ut dicitur: Tuatha a.¤ usce uair gluair conanat in gach dail, O'Mulc. 3 . a.¤ .i. bec adbae fobith senbic frith is in boind, O'C. 123 ( H 3.18, 74 - 5 ) (referring to the story of Senbec, RC vi 182 ; Ériu xiii 26 ). in t-aboc o Rus chaem Chas / noco n-é a taeb as imda .i. fota, LU 1029 (ACC). doluid in t-abac . . ./ . . ./ co romarbsat in abacc / fo a cossaib iar crín-amarc / ó lecht ind abaic-sin síar, Met. Dinds i 18.69 . a.¤ Pátraic, Trip.² 1905 . ro tṡillestar sí ar in n-abhacc .i. Cnú deireoil, Acall. 6000 . mar do bemais 'nar lenbaib bliadne nó 'nar n-abhcaibh beca, 5927 v.l. Lecht ind Abaicc (one of the monuments of Tara), LL 3843 (cf. lige). lige in abuic, Todd Nenn. 200.1 . mac Mēin in t-aphac bec aon-dhuine is lugha a ufianaib Ēreann, Feis TC 255 . abac do fuair Fionn ferda, SG 108.6 . Cronán abhacc ab Cluana mic Nóis, TFrag. 94.9 = Cronán becc, FM i 296.6 . cruitín no abhac, Lev. xxi 20 . abhac `a dwarf', Eg. Gl. 27 . Associated with luchorpán: doloto(ta)r lucorpain dond rig . . . atgege fergus fair . . . eolas fobarta fo muirib . . . rotbia ar int a.¤ acht aen ar[a]cuillimm airiut loch rudrige, Ériu xvi 38.4 ( Laws i 72.6 .) líntar in port forru do demnaibh i ndealbhuibh abhac ┐ luchrapan, Lism. L. 3776 . nān .i. bec, ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac lucharbán, O'Mulc. 828 .

acra(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acra(e) or dil.ie/232

Forms: acre, accrai, acru, agra, acrad

n io, n. Later f. vn. of ad-gair. a s. acre, Wb. 9c20 . g s. accrai, Laws v 372.7 . d s. acru, LL 353a76 . agra f. IGT Decl. § 3 . Verbs § 47 . Later also acrad.

Act of suing, prosecuting, bringing an action, urging a claim; action, suit, process (with gen. of the matter of the suit and FOR (AR) of the person sued): tagra quasi dagra .i. dā n-agra bīs ann, Corm. Y 1259 . acra gl. actio, Ir. Gl. 869 . ní bethe fria acre, ye should not be seeking redress for it, Wb. 9c20 . ce na (= no) betha ac acra ar nech dul ara nurlainn, Laws iii 252.19 . gu nach urasa cin d'agra for a tigernaib `it is not easy to sue their lords for trespasses', iv 222.1 Comm. cach foghail do genu se . . . ciamad ail a nacera for aite `though one should wish to sue his fosterer for them', ii 170.4 Comm. ni bi acraidi faesam .i. nocha bi a.¤ athgabala don ti bis ar faesam neich . . . .i. fer bis for faesam ní tualaing acra the person who is under protection may not be sued? i 102.x , 104.24 Comm. ticfa d'acra a dala `to prosecute his cause', 6.22 . do buing agru ericc suing exacts compensation, ii 14 z . featactain agra na ratha `attempt to sue the surety', v 226.31 Comm. fethem . . . agamsa dot agra sa, i 294.7 Comm. ma docuaid in grad feine d'acrad in graid flatha, 112 y . acrudh do dénum ┐ indliged do denum oc in agra sin, ii 66.9 . ni tuasluce nach suire . . . bes isle agra bes uaisle enech, 36.z. ac acra uatha suing from them, v 120.30 . ai naccrai the matter of the suit, 372.7 . fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound (inflicted) in the cause of levying a payment due', Ériu xii 50 § 63 . ag agra goidi ┐ braidi when suing a case of theft and plunder, Laws v 42.18 Comm. acra bor[b]luchuis, ii 16.7 Comm. cuir ┐ cundartha . . . d'acrau forin conair fugill is cert, Cóic Con. Fug. 20 § 13 . fer na hagra the plaintiff, O'D. 570 ( H. 3.17, 440-1 ). di ēis ind fir acrai, ZCP xv 322 § 15 n. 1 . ae an fir acra, Laws v 306.10 Comm. soiri domnaig . . . gin acrai gan brethemnus, Anecd. iii 21.4 . nócon ainfe ingrimm ┐ acrae dííbh ca bráth, Trip.² 2218 . frithchuires dím accra olcu amhuinsi, ZCP vi 258.4 . gabais M. . . . ic acra a cor, LL 221b27 ( TTr. 330 ). itú ic triall a acrai ḟort I am suing thee for it, LL 14136 . lucht a éaraca dá agra orra to sue them for his eric, ML 132.7 . badur . . . og agra a comairci ar in rig they were demanding the king's protection, YBL 172b20 . teid dagra a shlana ar O'nDomnaill to make claim on O'D. for violating his surety, L. Chl. Suibhne § 17 . dolluid . . . Lactain . . . do acru in gníma sin co flaith to complain of that deed, LL 353a76 . gan a bhás d'agradh ar neach `not to demand retribution from anyone for his death', Keat. ii 5192 . d'agra airdchíosa ar Chúigeadh Laighean `to exact', iii 3082 . ag agra fhiach claiming a debt, Dán Dé xxvi 12 . ro bhaoí ua N. ag agra blaidhe don dúthaigh fuair Niall ó Domhnaill on righ, FM vi 2350.7 . ná ro cumhaing Ua N. an fearann dagra ó chert, .14 . an lá thiocfas triath na n-aingeal d'agra a chéasda sa chroich, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 9 . oca agra (sic leg.) gurbhó dalta dhósom ó Domnaill `urging', Hugh Roe 48.10 (fo. 13a) . do brud . . . in domain . . . is d'acra ar a cend `to take vengeance on it', Cog. 180.4 . iomdha agra nach admhaim `many charges I confess not' (i.e. do not plead guilty to), Dán Dé iv 3 . gach agra dá bhfuil againn ┐ gach leathscéal dá bhfuil agaibhsi, Maguires of F. 74 . báttar . . . ag aighnes ima naccarthaibh for aroile they were disputing as to their claims, FM vi 2166.z. teit accra ann, an action lies in that case, PH 7612 . Cill Baird i Laignib ní agra i.e. undoubtedly Mart. Don. xxxix 16 . Of the thing claimed: re h-iarraid na hagra, MR 264.11 . Of challenging in battle: cenn cosnama . . . Erenn ar uaill ┐ ar agra, MR 96.3 .

2 adaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 adaig or dil.ie/257

n In phrase a.¤ etarba. Perhaps originally same word as 1 a. Used in concrete sense of something which divides, separates , see Thurn. ZCP xx 359 . fiad cacha feda a.¤ eadarba co ndeith bire, feam cacha trachta (in a list of things suitable for everyone (ada comdilsi do cach recht), Laws v 482.z .i. in adaigh bis etarru, itir na ferandaib, co ndeithbirius aici for imirge .i. for teithed, 484.22 Comm. slabrad for chimig, adaigh eatarba i nglas 484.5 (? some kind of obstruction between the legs to prevent quick movement). ingraide tire .i. ingraid a hindi a comaititin in comaithchi ina thir .i. da aichi no a trí etarbai itir do ceili, Laws iv 48.19 = ingrege .i. innretha .i. di a.¤ etarbai no theoir hi tir do cheli, O'C. 859 ( H 3.18, 388b ) (? a boundary barrier).

1 adairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adairt or dil.ie/270

Forms: adhairt, aghuirt

late form of vn. of 1 and 2 adraid (see O'Rahilly, Sc. G. St. i 33 ). adhairt (aghairt, aghuirt v.l.) `lochdach', IGT Vbs.§ 46 . naem in druth ┐ ag adhairt do Dia bis , O'C. 554 ( H. 3. 18, 22 ). na radairc do-chim do chnoccaibh / aduirt (aghairt v.l.) díb nír docair dam l., ex. 413 . gé táim ag adhairt d'iul cham, PBocht 119 § 3 .

adaltrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adaltrach or dil.ie/278

(adaltair)

I As adj. o, ā adulterous: mná adaltracha, LU 2219 ( FA § 29 ). in t-í ro-p a.¤ co ru-b genmnaid, PH 5619 . dia mbat sáithech . . . bidat úallach, a.¤ , ZCP vii 298.17 .

II n As subst. m. and f. adulterer; adulteress: fornicarius .i. adhalltrach, Ir. Gl. 619 . do adhaltrachaib in betha, O'Dav. 121 . ar chor oile . . . chéastar an t-adhaltrach, TSh. 6482 . Fig. Mael-Sechlainn . . . a.¤ uallach Uisnigh proud adulterer (i.e. usurper) of U., MacCarthy 426 § 5 . In Laws freq. con- trasted with cémuinter in sense of second(ary) wife of lower status, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 , 84ff. , ZCP xiv 375, xv 359 , Binchy, Ling. and hist. value of Irish law-tracts 219 ). fuil fearus cetmuindtir oc etach techta for adhaltraigh do taet for a ceand, Laws v 142.7 . is fiachach cach a.¤ do-t[h]et for cend cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 . as-renar laneraic . . . i cetmuinter . . . leithe(i)raic mad adaltracha (i n-adultrucha, v.l.) half eric when it is a question of secondary wives, 71 § 35 . meic na adaltraige urnadma . . . mac na adaltraige foxail, Cóic Con. Fug. 44 § 71 . a.¤ urnadma co macu, Ir. Recht 54.31 . in inbaid bis clann cetmuinntire ┐ fine, no clann cetmuinntire ┐ clann adaltraige, no clann cetmuinn- tire ┐ fear adaltraige gin clainn it da trian do clainn cetmuin- tire ┐ trian do cach æ dib so, 53 § ix . in a.¤ co macaib a roga di inn e a fer no a fine no a mac do-gena tobach di . . . in cetmuin- ter nochon-uil a roga di acht a fer do tobach, 59 § xiii . adaltracha iarna urnaidm, Laws v 480.17 . cor mna sech a celi .i. in a.¤ cen clainn, Laws i 52.32 Comm. tiucfaid in cetmuinnter fo coruib ┐ cidh adhaltrach hi, ticfaid a fear, v 226.11 Comm. arna tucthar cland a.¤ na ban taide don eclais, Laws iii 38.20 Comm.

1 adarc, aiderc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adarc, aiderc or dil.ie/307

Forms: adharc

n ā, f. adharc f. IGT Decl. § 12 . See ZCP xxv 11 . horn (of an animal). hua nadarcaib gl. cornibus, Ml. 63b17 . tob di humu fochosmailius nadarcae, 2b16 , 116c8 . is and ro lásat a n-adarca díb, TBFr. 427 . co mbertatár a puple inna n-adarcaib and carried off their tents on their horns (of cattle), LU 6208 (TBC). isin adhairc go na slibac, Laws iii 370.8 Comm. caithchi cethra . . . caitce a nadhairce, iv 146.6 Comm. dobeir les tarb ┐ a aiderc i na laim, Aen. 1069 . gúal adhairce charcoal made from horn, see gúal. is gnáth úirlis uí Dhubhda gan adharca bruic `badgers' horns' (something imaginary, non- existent), Ó Bruad. i 76 xiv . adhlacadh a adhairce níor fhéad i gclais `he never could bury his horn in a ditch (i.e. cannot be prevented from exercising charity)', ii 206.7 . a chocóil na hadhairce (of a cuckold), E. O'Rahilly (1909) 296.13 . Of a colour: tri .l. c. n-anart n-imda / co ndath n-a.¤ mirrda mán, LL 296a23 . ( SG 362.14 ). si glaucus . . . .i. madh ata a ndath ghlaucus no mar adhairc sholuis, 23 K 42 , 120.8 . Drinking- horn: do bi a.¤ . . . ar altair . . . do theighedh tri gloine dfhin . . . san aidhirc sin, L. Chl. Suibhne § 22 . Inkhorn: an adharc duibh, ZCP x 230.27 . do lebar ┐ t'adharc ┐ do pend, Acall. 608 . Cupping-horn: aran inadh a curtar na hadurca, Rosa Ang. 24.11 . curtur adurc maille fuiliugud ar cul in cinn, 204.10 . gibne .i. a.¤ lege, Corm. Y 732 . Horn as musical instrument: gilla adhairc gl. cornicen, Ir. Gl. 1018 . adarca fur[ḟ]occra, CCath. 5616 . foran adhairc nfurfhocurtha `on the warning trumpet', St. Ercuil. 173 . adharca áigh ┐ cuisleanna catha, TSh. 6703 . Part of the shaft of a weapon: manaís bréfech o mimusc co hadairc, LU 5638 (= TBC² 1159 ). in cnairseach da dorn deg itir a hiarann ┐ an baile a negarthar a hadharc fuirre a fochair .i. a hurlann, Laws iv 226.10 . aurlond . . . ainm d'oreill gae .i. ind a.¤ dub bis mon gai, Auraic. 1621 . Perh. confused with adart in: claideb ōrduirn foa choim cech ḟir, ferbolc impu cotici a ndī aithircc, ardarcc (sic) ōir bric im chechtar de, TBC² 2852 . See TBC 4397 cited s.v. frithadart.

In phr. aidherc reithe, name of a metrical fault consisting of the absence of a stressed word between the consonating and rhyming words of a couplet: aidhearc reithe i nda aisde .i. i rrannaidheacht big ┐ i rannaidheacht moir, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 34, 35 .

adbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbar or dil.ie/340

Forms: isa n-a., adbara, adhbhar

n o, n. a s. isa n-a.¤ , Ml. 138c3 . n p. adbara, LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). adhbhar m. IGT Decl. § 11 . See Celtica i 337 .

I

(a) matter, material: isa na.¤ nephdelbaigthe gl. informem- que materiam, Ml. 138c3 . ri rothepi . . . / asin cheta.¤ admas / talam . . ., SR 30 . ba terc cach n-a.¤he had little of any substance, LU 11008 . aprisce in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoim- nacair `the fragility of the matter whereof we have been made', Ériu ii 122 § 62 . co cruthaigfea in comdiu . . . curpa dind adbur toltanaigfes do cip é méit . . . in t-a.¤ , LU 2595 . a.¤ tened, BColm. 54.20 . d'iarraidh adhbhair cruite, Keat. ii 2692 . a.¤ in ard-naim the ingredients of the saint i.e. his discent or genealogy SG 18.3 . Med. iomad adhbhair (adhbhar v.l.), festering matter, Trompa na bhF. 7436 .

(b) materials etc., serving a special purpose, gear, equip- ment: roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, LU 8046 ( FB 1 ). mad fige a loscad etir garmain ┐ cech n-a.¤ olchena `the loom-beam and all other materials', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . a h-adbara ┐ a aídimmi (of a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). nirthá do lín na h adbor cathugud trisna barbárdu sa `he has neither number nor gear to fight', 220a25 (ib. 220). is athais mor daib muna derntai calma amlaid sin ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib, Aen. 2465 .

(c) Of persons with follg. gen. in sense of makings (of), one fit to be (hardly to be distinguished from damna in similar use, in spite of O'Don. Gr. p. 445 ): a.¤ ríg, Sc.M² § 14 . int a.¤ rig is ferr do bi da coiced fein, Ann. Conn. 1272.4 . airchideóch- ain Tuama . . . ┐ a.¤ aird-espuic Hy Fiachr. 114.12 (`? arch- deacon with right of succession', Plummer MS notes). a.¤ suad, AU ii 508.4 . a.¤ gaiscedaig the makings of a warrior, LL 8581 . is breath adhbhair Ioldánaigh / do bhí ar Eoin E. was estimated as a young `Ildánach ', Arch. Hib. i 90 § vi . Hence of a grade of poet: itir éceas ┐ adhbar i.e. both poets and students (of poetry), Oss. v 40.5 . adhbhar oideadh young poets (makings of teachers), DDána 46.3 . do chuir geall . . . / fa dhán re hadhbhar eile challenged another student about a poem, 90.16 . Note also: ni raibi do shluagh adbhur cathaig- the friu there was not any army fit to fight with them, TTr.² 1438 .

Hence of successors (actual or potential) to particular offices (kingship, abbacy, etc.) usually with eulogistic im- plications: D. rí Midhi ┐ a.¤ ríg Erenn, RC xviii 277.13 (Tig.). a.¤ tigerna Breagh, FM ii 880.14 . ádbar comarba Phattraicc, 762.7 . C. a.¤ ollaman na Brefne, Ann. Conn. 1411 § 22 . gurvo hadhbhar nuachair d'Eirinn antí Conall, ZCP xiv 223.12 . an t-adhbur imperi bis inadíaidh ` heir-apparent ', Maund. 192 . adhbhur a chlemhna his intended son-in-law, Ériu v 188.451 .

(d) subject-matter (of discussion, literary work, etc.): do chum do sgeóil do bhuain ré hádhbhar i.e. so that your fable should have a bearing on the matter under discussion, Desid. 3563 . in tan adchid in filid . . . in tadbur a subject for his poem, Laws i 44.3 Comm. adhbhar ceoil ar gcomh- labhra `the sweet subject of our language', Content. xxv 1 . neithe nach beanann ré hadhbhar which are not to the point, TSh. 9063 . a bhaoghlaigh / do chor-sa is adhbhar aonaigh thy business is idle market talk, DDána 4.9 . dob é m'oide ar adhbhoraibh, TD 23.9 .

II

(a) cause, ground, reason: ciadcobrinn moidim do dénum ni bói a.¤ híc, Wb. 17d17 . a.¤ fáilte, 20a9 . adbur na cnete, IT i 123.7 . a.¤ móide cause of anger, Dán Dé xxv. 15 . ionnbhúr n-adhbhar uathbháis ┐ miosguis ag Dia, Trompa na bhF. 457 . adhbhar cumhadh, TD 14.4 . a adhbhar d'iomchar na croiche / i gcoinne an bháis do bhí ag drud the reason for carrying his cross, DDána 30.12 . adhbair asa ndleghait soin, ZCP viii 116 § 16 . is é is a.¤ dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . is é adhbhur ma tánac chucaib-si, do innisin scéal an domain díb, RC xxiv 371.3 . mór n-adhbhar fárbh aontuighthe, TD 20.53 . cuma leis ternó nó gan terno a cath acht co cuired a clú adhbar dá adhbaraibh provide he should be famous for some reason(?), Expugn. Hib. § 15 . corop i n-adbur na haighi sin rogaba bás that he may die because of that fawn, Todd Nenn. 182.12 . tuig . . . fa adhbar áiridhe . . . gurab edh as áil linn `that for a certain reason we desire', CS 2.1 . ar an adhbhar go ttoirmeasccann an fercc . . . carthanacht etorra féin, Ériu xv 28 § 2 . ar an adhbhar in aimsir S. Clára . . . ní raibhe áonchlabhsdra aca, 96 § 3 . ar adhbharaibh aile `for other reasons', FM ii 918 note c. méid m'orchra ar an adhbhar-sa for this reason, Misc. Celt. Soc. 380.6 .

(b) Of the cause of a quarrel, battle, etc.: cath . . . fa a.¤ coir, RC xxiii 404.15 . sila ┐ adbair in catha, CCath. 3852 . is d'adbaraibh catha Chula Dremne sin, RC xvii 143.4 . is a.¤ ṅdegdebtha, LL 12109 . Hence absolutely in sense of casus belli: adbur no bidbanus, O'D. 1376 (E 3.5, 26a). can adbur can bidbanus, Laws v 142.18 Comm. olc in ta.¤ dia mbói sin LL 20624 . fobith . . . a nadbair ┐ a nesaenta re aroile, FM iv 1010.22 . tosach an adhbhair eiséin `he is the cause of the dispute' TD 3.26 .

(c) Of the ground, pretext for a claim, charge :bít oc dénum adbair do argain na n-óglach, PH 7528 . dall-adbur no ferai form `you bring an unfounded charge against me, RC xiv 243.44 . caide in t-abur assa fuighmis hé?, Acall. 5215 . fágbhaim an t-adhbhar faoi féin / ní beag nod dfhior mar eiséin affair(?), Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 20 . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige, TD 8.32 . nár lim gan a.¤ éigin without some pretext (of someone returning uninvited), O'Gr. Cat. 352.19 . sé 'na ṡeanadhbhar ó ṡin an ancient cause ever since, TD 7.33 . anaic sinn ar ár n-damnadh / glanaidh sinn ó ar sean-adhbhar, Misc. Celt. Soc. 382.4 .

In phrase lucht adbair people who bring charges, com- plaints(?); people with a grievance(?): mhaithmhechas na naindligheadh do thabhairt do lucht adhbhair, O'Hussey T.C. 230 z . lucht adhbhair tar éis a ndiomdha, TD 29.19 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean / a lucht adhbhair go n-airg- thear, 19.15 .

? adbi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? adbi or dil.ie/365

n segar tri flatha for adbi .i. fir bis for in ceilsine flatha in feiceman toichida, O'C. 1821 ( 23 Q 6 (RIA), 46a ). Leg. adbai (1 adba)?

ad-cí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cí or dil.ie/391

Forms: ad-rodarcar, atchíu, adcíu, atchim, -accu, -accim, -airciu, -airchiu, adchí, atchí, -accai, -aci, adchí, adcíi, atobcí, adcí, asidcí, -aicci, adciam, adchiam, asidciam, -accam, -aciam, atchíd, -accid, adciat, -acat, -aiccet, adcither, adchither, -acastar, -accastar, -aicces- dar, ad-rodarcar, adroarcar, atchiter, -aicind, atchíd, asitchid, atcitis, atchíthe, -aictea, atcítis, ad-cear, atcheur, -accur, -accar, -aicer, -aiccither, -aiccther, -accadar, -acathar, -accamar, adced, adceter, -accatar, adcethar, atcethar, -accastar, -accaister, -arcastar, atcheind, -accinn, atchethe-su, madattceththae, madhcethea, adcheth, atchet, -aiced, -accad, adcethe, adchetis, -accaitis, adcethe, -aiccitis, -accus, condas-chichi, dom-chich, -accigi, at-chichset, -aiccichet, atatchigestar, atchichestár, atcichead, -aiciged, acciged, adcichitis, -acca, -acca, ad- cita-acae, -acae, -acce, -aicci, -accai, -accamar, -accatar, adchess, adchess, matcias, -aiccess, -acus, atchessa, -aicessa, atchondarc, atconnarcsu, atcondarccaisiu, atchonnarcaisthi, ad-condairc, adus-connarcmar, adchon- darcid, atcondarcatar, atchonnarctar, o'tchondarcatar, dochiu, dochim, -bhfaicim, -feicim, dochi, -ḟacci, -bhfaice, -feicenn, dochi, -acend, -fhaccend, -faic, dochiam, atchiamait, atciamaid, dochímíd, atchíthi, do-chíthí, -facthi, atcíat, atchíd, adchiad, dochíd, dochiat, -faicit, dociter, -aicter, -bhfaicthear, rocíter, nachataicim, faiceam, faicthear, do-chíodh, -faiceadh, adcíadhmais, -bfaicmís, -bfaicti, dochíthe, -faicte, -faictis, do-chear, -bhfaicear, -accar, -faccur-sa, -accara, -faccara, -accera, -acatar, -faicea, -facaid, -bhfaiceam, -acat, -faicit, -fhaicet, -feictea, atchised, -bhfaiceadh, -faicsimmis, -faicmis, -faictis, -aiciste, -haicesda, atchicera, atíchera, -aircechasa, adidracacha, atcichfe, chíchsiom, adachichis- thi, atichistisi, atchich- ither, -aicigther, atcithsead, chichsiodh, atchichesta, chíeabh, -aiciub, -feiceab, nodcífi, do-chífe, atchífir, dochifir, -faicfe, dochífe, -aicfe, -acébá, ḟaiccbe, -faccéga, -faigfe, -faicfe, -faicfid, attcífem, -faicfeam, dochífide, -faicfide, atchífit, docífitt, -ffaicfit, atcífider, -accfither, -aicfider, dochífear, adcíthfend, dochífeadh, atchífeadh, -aicfed, dochífidís, -faicfitis, itcífea, dacitfidhi, atconnac, dochunnuc, dochonnarc, idconnarcos, -facca, -faccu, -facus, -facadhas, atchonnarcais, ad- connacuis, daconncadais, atchonncais, doconncais, -faccais, -facadais, -acaghois, di- connairc, atchonnaic, rachonnaic, -facca, -faccae, -facae, -facai, -facaid, -accaig, -agaid, -facais, atchoncamar, choncamar, -facamar, atconncabar, -facabar, -faccabair, atconncatar, dochoncatar, -facadar, -acaiset, doces, doconnarcas, atcondcas, cunncus, condcas, -aices, -facas, -accas, -facus, -facessa, aicsiu, (f)aicsin

v sees. Frequ. (outside O. Ir. Glosses) at-c(h)í with meaningless infix. pron., in rel. with inf. pron. sometimes also as-. Prot. stem -a(i)cc-. In O. Ir. with depon. in- flexion in subj. pres. and with redupl. future. For active inflexion in subj. see Celt. Verb 138 . In pret. active prot. forms only are found, the conjunction co n- being used where no other conjunct particle is present (deuterotonic forms occur in pass.). In perf. deut. with root -derc- and perfective -com- (ad-condarc etc.). There is no special perf. form after conj. particles. Note also ad-rodarcar can be seen , Sg. 172a2 . In later lang. ad- (at-) is gradually replaced by do- and the conj. stem acquires inorganic f-, giving the forms do-chí, -faic-, both with b-fut.. In past tense the general independent form is ad-(do-) chonnai(r)c (from the perf.), the form after conj. particles -(f)ac(c)- (from the pret.), both with endings of the s-pret..

Early forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. atchíu, LU 4535 . adcíu (3 syll.), Arch. iii 297 § 46 . atchim, Ériu ii 166.50 . -accu, MU² 1011 (LU). -acciu, LU 5347 . -accim, 6117 . With ro, -airciu, 6213 (? leg. -airchiu, Thurn. Gramm. § 535b ). 2 s. adchí, Fél. Prol. 150 . atchí, IT i 81.18 . -accai, Ml. 17b17, 25b14 . -aci, Sg. 15b6 ; Thes. ii 21.37 . 3 s adchí, Wb. 4a25 . adcíi, 12c11 . atobcí, 25a26 . adcí, Sg. 149b6 . With inf. pron. 3 s. m. in rel. constr. asidcí, Ériu ii 208 § 27 . -aicci, Ml. 94c3 . 1 pl. adciam, Wb. 6a30 ; Ml. 16c5; 112b12 . rel. adchiam, Ml. 42b22; 112b13 . With inf. pron. 3 s. asidciam, Ml. 2b4 . -accam, Ml. 111d1 . -aciam, Thes. ii 31.23 . 2 pl. atchíd, LU 9987 . -accid, Ériu ii 106 § 19 . 3 pl. adciat, Ml. 69b2; 103b13 . -acat, 93d14 . -aiccet, LL 13853 . Pass. sg. adcither. Wb. 1b15 . adchither, 12c12 . -acastar, 25b28 . -accastar, 26a12 . -aicces- dar (-aiccestar v.l.), ACC § 34 . (See Ped. ii 488 and Thurn. Gramm. § 609 ). Note also ad-rodarcar, Sg. 172a2 . Laws i 230.11 Comm. adroarcar, O'C. 2294 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)a) . Pl. atchiter, Ériu ii 106 § 19 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -aicind, Met. Dinds. iii 310.84 . 3 s. atchíd, TBFr. 217 . With inf. pron. 3 s. in rel. constr. asitchid, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.16 ). 3 pl. atcitis, Mon. Tall. 147.14 (§ 52) . Pass. sg. atchíthe, LU 3452 ( SC § 23 ). -aictea, RC xlvi 239.3 . Pl. atcítis, CCath. 873 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ad-cear, Thes. ii 293.6 . rel. atcheur, Ériu ii 89 § 2 . -accur, Fing. R. 95 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -aicer, TBFr. 21 § 22 . 2 s. -aiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . -aiccther, TBC² 1556 . at-ce-su Ériu xix 12 § 6 . 3 s. -accadar, Wb. 16d6 . Ml. 53a6 . -acathar, 68b9 . 1 pl. -accamar, TBFr. 195 . 2 pl. adced, Wb. 11b22 . 3 pl. (unless pass. pl.) adceter, Ml. 3a4 . -accatar, TBFr. 294 . Pass. sg. adcethar, Ériu iii 104 § 39a . atcethar, vii 150 § 20 . -accastar, Ml. 50a5 . -accaister, LU 6889 . ?With ro: -arcastar, O'Dav. 109 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. atcheind, TBC 4142 . -accinn, Trip.² 2436 . 2 s. atchethe-su, Trip.² 269 . (with má) madattceththae, IT i 144.21 = madhcethea, ZCP v 501.34 . 3 s. adcheth, Ml. 38c9 . atchet, Ériu v 30.17 . -aiced, LU 3733 . -accad, 4616 . 2 pl. adcethe, Wb. 19b6 . 3 pl. adchetis, BDD² 446 . -accaitis, Ml. 32d12 . Pass. sg. adcethe, Ml. 77d8 . Pl. -aiccitis, BDD² 627 .

Fut. 1 s. ?-accus, RC xii 110 § 167 . 2 s. condas-chichi (sic leg.: Liphi, see Thurn. Gramm. § 655 ), Ériu vi 122 § 6 . 3 s. ?dom-chich (domcife, cotomchichfea v.ll.), ACC § 143 ( RC xx 416 ). -accigi, Trip.² 1503 . 3 pl. at-chichset, Ériu iii 30 § 10 . -aiccichet, Trip.² 1841 . Pass. sg. atatchigestar, Ml. 59c12 . atchichestár, LU 2760 .

Cond. 3 s. atcichead, BDD² 125 . -aiciged, TBC² 813 = acciged, LU 5336 . 3 pl. adcichitis, Wb. 7a2 .

Pret. 1 s. -acca, IT i 120.24 . 2 s. -acca, Sc.M² § 11 . 3 s. ad- cita-acae, Tur. 60 . (see Thes. i 488 n. b ). -acae, Ériu ii 222.27 . -acce, BDD² 156 . -aicci, Trip.² 264 . -accai, 265 . 1 pl. -accamar, Mon. Tall. 148.6 (§ 55) . 3 pl. -accatar, Wb. 26b11 . Pass. sg. adchess, Wb. 23c11 . adchess, Ml. 96d1 . ?matcias, Mon. Tall. 141.27 (§ 36) . -aiccess, Thes. ii 253.2 (Stowe Missal). -accas, TBFr. 258 . -acus, BDD² 238 . Pl. atchessa, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). -accassa, TBC² 1413 . -aicessa, LU 10058 .

Perf. 1 s. atchondarc, Ml. 113b6 . 2 s. atconnarcsu, LU 5142 = atcondarccaisiu, TBC² 659 . atchonnarcaisthi, Trip.² 223 . 3 s. ad-condairc, Thes. i 488.23 (Tur.) ad-chondairc, 493.21 (ib.). 1 pl. adus-connarcmar, BDD² 473 . 2 pl. adchon- darcid, Anecd. i 43.z . 3 pl. atcondarcatar, Laws ii 326.13 . atchonnarctar, Trip.² 1017 . o'tchondarcatar, 2641 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. dochiu, Ó Bruad. ii 56.5 . dochim, ZCP vi 36.12 . -bhfaicim, -feicim, Acall. 6771 . DDána 6.6 2 s. dochi, CF 790 . -ḟacci, TBC 233 . -bhfaice, Keat. ii 5398 . -feicenn tú, ZCP vi 56.25 . 3 s. dochi, Lec. 185rb11 . -acend, LU 3988 ( SC § 45 ). -fhaccend, MU² 640 . -faic, ZCP vii 303 § 11 . 1 pl. dochiam, PH 8130 ; DDána 26.2 . atchiamait, Acall. 5555 . atciamaid, BNnÉ 60 § 77 . dochímíd, DDána 54.12 . 2 pl. atchíthi, Anecd. i 35.78 . do-chíthí, TSh. 2818 . -facthi, MU² 947 . 3 pl. atcíat, Acall. 1562 . atchíd, TSh. 753 . adchiad, DDána 31.16 . dochíd, 17.12 . dochiat, SG 346.12 . -faicit, PH 7740 . Pass. sg. dociter, RC xlix 9 § 4 . -aicter, Lism. L. 495 . -bhfaicthear, Keat. i 82.21 . rocíter, Marco P. 42 .

Ipv. 1 s. nachataicim, Lism. L. 2297 . 1 pl. faiceam, DDána 119.28 . Pass. sg. faicthear, 60.37 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. do-chíodh, TSh. 4225 . -faiceadh, Dán Dé vi 30 . 1 pl. adcíadhmais, Duan. Finn i 10.4 . -bfaicmís, O'Gr. Cat. 508.5 . 2 pl. -bfaicti, BNnÉ 67 § 103 . Pass. sg. dochíthe, Dán Dé xi 29 . -faicte, CCath. 897 . Pl. -faictis, Arch. iii 224.y .

Subj. pres. 1 s. do-chear, -bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . -accar, ZCP viii 120.16 . -faccur-sa, TBC 4061 . 2 s. -accara, PH 4960 . 3 s. -faccara, 6006 . -accera, RC xiii 440.18 . 3 pl. -acatar, PH 1352 . With active endings. 3 s. -faicea, PH 7402 . -facaid, Maund. 261 . 1 pl. -bhfaiceam, DDána 81.19 . 3 pl. -acat, TBFr. 21 § 22 . -faicit, Acall. 2246 , -fhaicet, PH 7678 .

Subj. impf. 2 s. -feictea, ZCP vi 87.29 . 3 s. atchised, TTr.² 641 . -bhfaiceadh, DDána 37.38 . 1 pl. -faicsimmis, RC x 92.10 . -faicmis, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . 3 pl. -faictis, IT i 175.10 . Pass. sg. ?-aiciste, Ériu ii 106 § 16 (perh. to be referred to ad-guid). -haicesda, Lism. L. 2302 .

Fut. and condit. Traces of the reduplicated fut. remain, sometimes with endings of the b-fut. The b-fut. is however the usual formation. With reduplication 2 s. atchicera, Fing. R. 118 . atíchera, PH 1182 . With ro: -aircechasa, LU 6098 . ?adidracacha, O'Dav. 123 . 3 s. atcichfe, Anecd. ii 27.16 . 1 pl. do chíchsiom , Content. xxii 22 . 2 pl. adachichis- thi, TFrag. 180.8 . atichistisi, LB 223b19 . Pass. sg. atchich- ither, LU 3889 ( SC § 40 ). -aicigther, 6119 (TBC). atcithfither, Acall. 5362 . Condit. 3 s. atcithsead, MR 112.6 . do chichsiodh , Desid. 2147 . Pass. sg. atchichesta, RC xlvi 239.5 . (See also Aithd. D. Gloss.). Without reduplication. 1 s. do chíeabh , IGT Introd. 28.15. (§121) . -aiciub, IT i 80.8 . -feiceab, ZCP vi 85.15 . 2 s. nodcífi, Ériu viii 123.1 . do-chífe, DDána 66.4 . atchífir, Keat. iii 2800 . dochifir, BNnÉ 82 § 164 . -faicfe, DDána 6.6 . 3 s. dochífe, TSh. 1089 . -aicfe, ZCP viii 332.24 . -acébá, LU 309 = ḟaiccbe, RC xx 38.14 . -faccéga (-aigfe, -faigfe, v. ll.), TBC 5581 . -faicfe, Acall. 6310 . -faicfid, ZCP x 342 § 8. 1 pl. attcífem, ZCP viii 207.15 . -faicfeam, TSh. 8624 . 2 pl. dochífide, Dán Dé xxv 31 . -faicfide, Ériu v 242.166 . 3 pl. atchífit, Buile S. 6.3 . docífitt, -ffaicfit, BNnÉ 267 § 235 . Pass. sg. atcífider RC xxv 390 § 4 . -accfither, LL 14280 . -aicfider, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . dochífear, DDána 12.4 . Condit. 1 s. adcíthfend, Ériu iv 220.8 . 3 s. dochífeadh, TSh. 6056 . atchífeadh 6008 . -aicfed, Todd Lect. vii 6.68 . 3 pl. dochífidís, TSh. 305 . -faicfitis, Ériu ii 134 § 115 . Pass. sg. itcífea, Ériu ii 198.9 . dacitfidhi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 28.30 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. atconnac. MU² 745 . dochunnuc, ZCP vi 29.2 . dochonnarc, TSh. 4298 . idconnarcos, ML 4.19 . -facca, SR 1336 . -faccu, TBC² 870 . -facus, Maund. 260 . -facadhas, Desid. 430 . 2 s. atchonnarcais, LL 13591 . ad- connacuis, Lism. L. 1509 . daconncadais, ITS xiv 22.9 . atchonncais, Acall. 4612 . doconncais, 3320 . -faccais, 5143 . -facadais, Sc.M² § 11 . -acaghois, ZCP x 284.19 . 3 s. di- connairc, Ériu ii 15.19 . atchonnaic, TBC 3969 . rachonnaic, 2969 . -facca, 3374 . -faccae, 5099 . -facae, Mon. Tall. 155.11 (§ 67) . -facai, 135.5 (§ 22) . -facaid, 164.6 (§ 88) . -accaig, TBC 2827 . -agaid, Aen. 1396 . -facais, RC xxiv 196.14 . 1 pl. atchoncamar, LU 2331 . do choncamar , 3 C 19, 6 va17 . -facamar, St. Ercuil 2017 . 2 pl. atconncabar, PH 1711 . -facabar, 3360 . -faccabair, Acall. 5770 . 3 pl. atconncatar, Laws iii 168.8 Comm. dochoncatar, PH 6295 . -facadar, TBC² 311 . -acaiset, ZCP x 410.15 . Pass. sg. doces, RC xvii 416.30 . doconnarcas, ZCP ii 552.8 . atcondcas, Ériu iii 196 § 12 . do cunncus , RC xii 332 § 24 . ra condcas , TBC 2748 . -aices, -facas, IT iii 189.11, 12 . -accas, LL 14172 . -facus, Lism. L. 3804 . Pl. -facessa, TBC 5009 .

Vn. aicsiu, (f)aicsin, etc. IGT Verbs § 4 .

(a) sees, notices, observes: atobcí side `he perceives you', Wb. 25a26 . ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . do soí dond orient conaci a næscae, Thes. ii 21.37 . isin domnach atcess in cétna sollsi in lái. Ériu ii 198.1 . ranic iath nad adaig aiccesdar (aiccestar, accestar, acastar v. ll.) `he reached the country where night is not seen', ACC 34 ( RC xx 172 ). con-idn-acar ┐ co nidn-arladar that I may see him, Ir. Texts i 13 § 40 . ni facaid deilb ┐ ni cumman lais ní do faicsin, Mon. Tall. 164.6 (§ 88) . nach álaind atchíd ba háildiu lee Fróech do acsin, TBFr. 217 . nā tēig, co n-aiccther in frithi fonnuar-sa, TBC² 1556 . dorala . . . do M. condacaid aislingi, Trip.² 220 . amail boí sí and conḟacaig in lochtobur, RC vi 174.26 . ní confacus beó aéin neich diobh osin alle, FM vi 2092.5 . do chibh mo Shlanaigtheoir maille rium, ITS xxix 185.3 . rí na ndúl cá chuin do-chear / an dún i bhfuil go bhfaicear, DDána 37.39 . With various prepp.: arnachab-accastar as tír that you may not be seen from land, BDD² 435 . atcess immorro asin Temraig inni sin moreover that thing was seen from Tara, Anecd. iii 34.9 . telach ása n-acastar in tuath fri Luimnech antuaith, Trip.² 2412 . adcí . . . uad debrad na diadachta he sees in the distance . . . Arch. iii 245 § 24 . ro-chidisium uathib . . . tigi arda, Celt. Rev. x 106.16 . Folld. by clause: atcondarccaisiu (atconnarcsu, LU) . . . indus imatiag-sa in lind, TBC² 659 . co n-aiced immar ita / in tech mór atchonnarcsá, LU 3733 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . With preposition indicating motion: co n-accatar C. . . . is' tech they saw C. coming into the house, Sc.M² § 15 . intan docunncus Fechín docum in dūnaid `when F. was seen coming . . .', RC xii 332 § 24 . atací in slóg cucu tarsa mag, TBC² 1440 . ó 'tchóndairc epscop Mél P. cuce día chairigud, Trip.² 982 . nir airigedur Cenel Conaill iat co facadur chuctha iat, Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . Cf. an tan atchídís ag triall chuca é, Keat. iii 1591 .

(b) Of mental processes perceives, discerns, realizes: ma adced torbe inna thect `if you should see profit in so going', Wb. 11b22 . da faicea ainfhis . . . ann a múnad, PH 7402 . truagh nach bfacas libh bhar locht, Irish Review 1912 472 § 11 . atchíu rogabsat ar clanna ililtiugud, ZCP viii 318.31 . mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuic / docím úaim nach indermaid looking back I perceive that the treatment I got with him . . . is not to be forgotten(?), Prolegomena 45 § 24 . do citer corob i cuis in fiabrusa dlegar do leiges ar tuis, RC xlix 9 § 4 .

(c) Pass. in sense of appears, seems (DO to): atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta they seemed to those lying in ambush to be wild deer, Thes. ii 354.9 (Hy. vii). ge daciter gorob maille Saturnus nan re . . . as comtrom a ngluasacht though Saturn appears to be slower than the moon their motion is equal, Ir. Astr. Tr. 114.16 . an tan bis an taer dorea tiugh ┐ docitear cum feartana e ┐ nach denann hi, 3 C 19 , 20 ra9 . atchíthe dó i n-aslingi innas ind ḟir no rígfaide and, LU 3452 ( SC 23 ). is amlaidh doces do mac Gilla Lughan iat, RC xvii 416.31 . doces do muinntir co n-erbalus it seemed to people that I died, Todd. Nenn. 210.4 . atcess dóib . . . múr na Rómae the wall of Rome appeared to them, B Colm. 78.19 . atces doib tor oir for an muir, Leb. Gab. 72.14 . do condcuss sin dó ina spiraid, gin go faca sé o suilib corpardha é, BCC 362.5 . mar do connarcas d'uaislibh Éireann an dochar do bhí ag teacht, Keat. i 66.19 . doconncus doibh a oirett shin ele d'airde do beith ann, BNnÉ 71 § 121 . pecadh aga bhfaicther dhó maith éigin do bheith ann a sin in which it seems to him there is some good, O'Hussey T.C. 181.5 . do connarcus don Pháirlement gurab annteasbach bídh ┐ éadaigh do-rin sin uile, PCT 1677 . Note also: is mar sin dociter Galen aga tuicsin so G. seems to understand it, 3 C 19, 219 ra14 . By extension seems good to (cf. Lat. videtur): cidh anaill atcither duit acht a marbad? what else seems good to you except to kill them? Anecd. ii 12.18 . créad fa bhfacas dhíbh . . . na braighde . . . do chongbháil i ngéibheann, Maguires of F. 55 . déanaidh mar chífighthear dhíbh, 74 . dochonnarcus do'n Spiorad Naomh . . . gan ualach do chur orraibh . . . (visum est Spiritui sancto, Act. xv 28 ) Eochairsg. 14.26 . do connarcus don ōigh . . . eachtra . . . in tsēipēil . . . d'foillsiughadh . . . don naomh-priōir `it seemed good to her to make known', Fl. Earls 114.33 . do-connarcas damh trácht ar éiclipsigh na gréine it seemed good to me to treat of eclipses of the sun, Corp. Astron. 152.4 . do chonncas dhúinn . . . an leabhrán-sa do sgríobhadh, Mac Aingil 50 .

(d) Occas. in sense of do-écci, fégaid: o do conncamair do leighiusaibh uilidhi . . . na ptisisi since we have treated of, 3 C 19, 129 vb23 . da facaid le feirg no le fich ar duine if he look angrily at, Maund. 261 .

ad-gair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gair or dil.ie/453

Forms: ad-gaur, adgair, adgair, -acair, atgairith, adgairet, -acrait, adgairther, -agar- thar, -acarthar, -acarar, -agartar, -acair, ad-gaura, -acrai, -aigera, -aicerat, -aigérthar, ad-gérad, adobragart, adrograd, agartha, acrae, acraid

v ( Ped. ii 533 ). Forms: Indic. pres. 1 s. ad-gaur, Thes. ii 228.30 (PCr.). adgairim, LU 10289 . 2 s. adgair, Laws ii 118.24 . 3 s. adgair, Laws v 100.21 . -acair, Laws i 102.x . 2 pl. atgairith, Wb. 9c22 . 3 pl. adgairet, O'Dav. 136 . -acrait, Laws v 118.10 . Pass. sg. adgairther, Críth Gabl. 61 . -agar- thar, Cóic Con. Fug. 29 § 12 . -acarthar, Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . -acarar, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . Pl. -agartar, Cóic Con. Fug. 29 § 12 . Ipv. 2 s. -acair, KMMisc. 262.13 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ad-gaura (ad-gara v.l.), Anecd. iii 26.6 . -acrai (acro, v.l.), 22.22 . Fut. 3 s. -aigera, Laws i 272.11 Comm. 3 pl. -aicerat, Laws i 116.26 Comm. Pass. sg. -aigérthar, MR 294.2 . Condit. 3 s. ad-gérad, Ériu xvii 70 § 13 . ( Laws iv 220.7 ). Perf. 3 s. adobragart, Wb. 19b5 . Pass. sg. adrograd, Wb. 3c22 .

Verbal of necess. agartha, O'D. 546 (H 3.17, 436).

Vn. acrae.

Later as simple vb. acraid. IGT Verbs § 47 .

(a) adgaur no duttluchur gl. conuenio, Thes. ii 228.30 ( PCr. 60a5 ). adgairim firu chóicid Chonchobair immá rig, LU 10289 . is and adragart Sencha . . . ``na curid cor díb'' or se called out(?), IT i 67.9 . adrograd cath uadib impu battle was offered(?), LL 22531 ( Dinds. 158 ). doberthar in cath acruim `the battle will be fought which I proclaim', Fen. 376.19 .

(b) sues, prosecutes, impleads, accuses: ní dilgaid a n-ancride dogníther frib act atgairith `but ye complain of it (i.e. make it a cause of action)', Wb. 9c22 . sech ni acrathar ni tacrathar `neither suit nor levy is made against them' Ériu xvi 181 § 20 . deoraid bis for snadugh ni acuir ni acurthur i.e. he has no ordinary legal status O'D. 48 (H 3.17, c.43). fer adgair ┐ adgairther, Triads 161 . ni agarur nach cintuch acht do roith logh fiach adroillithur, Laws ii 14.y . ni agraid filidh acht fioruibh fer fatha, Ériu xiii 17.26 . a[i]r ad-gérad cách di threbairi mani dénta[e] ruidles de `for everyone would sue on the ground of the owner's responsibility', Ériu xvii 70 § 13 ( Laws iv 220.7 ). is co nog-dire . . . atgairter `it is impleaded with full díre', Ériu xii 83.23 . nach coimdedh beas mo logh ne[i]ch adgair fri hinbleoghuin of that which he claims against the surety-kinsman, Laws ii 14.19 . in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn, i 58.17 Comm. is e in lin coibdelach acerus in rath, ii 208.25 . curub grad sechta ac aidbred a sét ac duine is isli inás ┐ curab nech ni adagara, O'D. 1632 (H 5.15, 17). is ed adgair o rigaib `this is what he sues from kings', Laws v 100.21 . ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, inge ma deoru De atgaru uadaib ar etgo i n-eclais De, 118.10 . rohagrad Cúchulaind annsin ó Ultaib C. was then sued by the Ulstermen, Ériu i 126.1 . re foraithmet na fala ro haccradh etorra that was a matter of dispute FM vi 2266.6 . aigeóraidh sé an domhan, John xvi 8 . dá n-agra coir 'n-ar gcoinne / tagra ni fhoil agoinn-ne if thou urgest sin against us, DDána 25.4 . . . . dá ngéar-agra / an troigh 'san taobh `if Thou bringest against me the wounding of Thy foot and side', Dán Dé xvi 15 . d'éigsibh Éireann is anait / ionnmhus dā n-agraid Bréithnigh if the men of B. should demand wealth, O'R. Poems 2054 . agrais Muire . . . / mar nar dhiúlt dí o thosach he implored Mary, A. Ó Dálaigh l 28 .

(c) Various: adobragart gl. [quis] uos fascinauit [non obedire ueritati], Wb. 19b5 . ( Gal. iii 1 ) leg. fascenauit 'he [the Devil] has seduced you ' Ogma 239 , 'bewitched' LOIG 39 . In phrases, a.¤ x imm y sues x for y: mas a naenfecht ro hacrad he im fiach a laime, Laws iii114.z . créad an chóir . . . fa n-aguir inis Alban, TD 24.4 . a.¤ x i(n-) y: nech donair for imdecht . . . cén mbes sorchu al-lá ní hacarar ind he is not sued for it, Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ná hagair inn sa gcánaidh, DDána 24.24 . do agradaois a ghaol isan gcion `they would sue his kin for the crime', Keat. i 68.16 . agraim ad ghealladh thú I earnestly beseech you in virtue of your promise, Mac Aingil 320 . aigéoram in gach gellad dibh-sin é, BCC 116.33 . a.¤ x for y sues y in the matter of x: sechipe tra adgaura in cain-si in domnaig gid fora athuir, Anecd. iii 26.6 . co nderna cert frit do neoch adgair fair `in what thou suest him for', Laws ii 118.24 . ni acuir in fechiumh for in cintuch in aithghin, 16.9 Comm. ná hacair for cill (chill v.l.) `do not sue the clergy', KMMisc. 262 § 15 . nī ba hē cētní aicēras demon form-sa īar n-dul anúnd, Aisl. MC 25.3 . in adbaid a naigérthar uirre a h-uilc (of the soul) MR 294.2 . ni h-anagra acht fir flatha agairther oirne, 160.11 . mairg ar a n-aigeora a ḟuil, Aithd. D. 68.12 . agraigh sé orra a choin- gheall `forces his terms upon them', Content. v 102 . agrais E. . . . / a chunnradh ar Coin gCuluinn, DDána 82.24 . do agair a fhīch ┐ a aimréir ar Ulltaibh vented his anger on, ML² 1199 . mun agaradh a fhuaith ar bhoin `unless he vented his hatred on a cow', Ó Bruad. iii 170.12 . looks after, tends (cf. ar-gair): i tig fir adgair búar maige Tethrai, Comp. Con C. 26 § 17 . ni tualaing ben ro-ria ni sech oen a cenn: ada-gair a athair i-mbe (leg. mbi) ingen . . . ada- gairet a mme[i]cc i-mbi be clainne .i. urgairid a athair hi ínas (leg. anas) ingen do hi her father looks after her when she is a maiden (un- married), Ir. Recht 35 § 38 . forbids, prevents: rafetarsa as peccad comaccobor hore adrograd gl. nam concupiscentiam nesciebam nisi lex diceret: non concupisces ( Rom. vii 7 ), `I know that concupiscence is sin because it has been forbidden', Wb. 3c22 . adgairet .i. urgairet, ut est dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana argairet ré cuaird dunebath i.e. tithes etc. prevent the plague, O'Dav. 136 .

1 adrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adrad or dil.ie/533

u, later o, m. Vn. of 1 adraid. act of adoring, worshipp- ing; adoration: dom a.¤ , Wb. 5a27 . a.¤ dǽ, 6d8 . etarcnae ṅdæ ┐ a.¤ gl. cultura [divina], Ml. 129c13 . ní fíra.¤ . . . bís leu du dia. 42a14 . mor do rat . . . du læri frit a.¤-su, 136c11 . adrada idal gl. profanitate, 49a23 . adartha gl. adorandi, 116b4 . occ t-a.¤-so, Wb. 5a25 . do a.¤ bachal `to worship Baal', 5a29 . dia molad ┐ dia a.¤ , Ml. 67b24 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . condechuid-som isna adradu hisin `so that he came to those adorations', 65d12 . o a.¤ ind idail áin, SR 7045 . conscerthar ar n-a.¤-ni ┐ ar ngentlecht, Trip.² 352 . sollamon n-adratha .i. Casc no Nollog, Laws v 398.11, 17 Comm. aes . . . adhartha idhul, Ériu ii 114 § 38 . lucht adhairthe an anma-so Iosa, Parrth. Anma 3913 . ar son a adhartha, DDána 37.42 . deuna gníomh adhraidh `make an act of adoration', Donl. 406.2 . ag adhradh do Chrom Chruaidh, Keat. ii 1923 . In phrases. dia adartha: Coll, Cécht ┐ Grian fá déé adartha dhóibh, Keat. i 222.25 . asé is dia adhartha dhó `the god whom he worships', Marco P. 161 . do bheann- aigeas dhōibh treasna dēibh adharthae, Feis TC 167 . ail adartha rock of adoration: ail adrada (as a landmark), Laws iv 142.16 Comm. cranncor no airisem iman ailig nadhartha (as means of decision), O'C. 2569 (Eg. 88, 48(49)a) = 2587 (49(50)d) with added comment: ar ni tualaing nech duine ro mestar fir d'anteist acht inti uma aici menma na nuile. Perh. a christian explanation of some heathen mode of divination (= incubation), Plummer MS. notes. fir n-airisme fri haltoir .i. in t-airismetu im ailig n-adartha, Laws v 470.34, 472.21 Comm. (where text has substituted the Christian analogue while the comment preserves the heathen aspect, Plummer). ?As n.loc. rocumsat a.¤ and conid de asbert A.¤ ingene Lūachāin, BColm. 18 § 17 .

ad-rími

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-rími or dil.ie/550

Forms: adrímiu, -airmim, -airmiu, adrimi, -airmi, adrimi, atarimi, atrim[i], adind- rími, -áirmi, -ármi, adrimet, atarimet, adrimther, adrimter, adrímter, adrimiter, adrimetar, -ármidhter, -áirimh, adrimtis, atarímtis, -arim, adríme, adrimet, adrimther, -árimther, adrímed, -airmed, -airmitis, adrimfem, adrímfiter, adrím- fetar, adrímfinn, atarurmius, adruirim, -arraim, barruim, adruirmisset, a-ta-ruirmiset, adruirmed, aírmithi, áram, áirmid

v (*ad-rím-, Ped. ii 602 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. adrímiu, LU 9323 . -airmim, Sg. 205a2 . -airmiu, Thes. ii 338.2 . 2 s. adrimi siu, Ml. 24b6 . -airmi, LU 10269 . 3 s. adrimi som, Wb. 14d2 ; Ml. 24a13 . atarimi, 111c17 . atrim[i], 49a11 . adind- rími, -áirmi, Wb. 13d17 . -ármi, 6a1 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 129d19, 22 . atarimet, Sg. 26b6 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Ml. 46d24 . Thes. ii 246.26 . Pl. adrimter, Ml. 99d9 . adrímter, Sg. 202a5 . adrimiter, Thes. ii 246.28 . adrimetar, Ml. 111a10 . -ármidhter, TTr.² 193 . Ipv. 2 s. -áirimh, Ériu ix 177 § 7 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. adrimtis, Ml. 91a6 . atarímtis, Sg. 188a3 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -arim, Wb. 14d17 . 2 s. adríme, Thes. ii 28.32 . 3 pl. adrimet, Ml. 103b5 . Pass. sg. adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 . -árimther, Crith Gabl. 2 . Subj. impf. 3 s. adrímed, Ml. 21a4 . Sg. 69a5 . -airmed, Ml. 46b31 . 3 pl. -airmitis, Trip.² 1885 . Fut. 1 pl. adrimfem, Ml. 14d5 . Pass. pl. adrímfiter, Sg. 153b1 . adrím- fetar, Thes. ii 229.30 . Condit. 1 s. adrímfinn, Trip.² 2107 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. atarurmius, Hib. Min. 3. 383 . 3 s. adruirim, Ml. 28d5 . -arraim, 49c9 . barruim, TBC 4761 . 3 pl. adruirmisset, Ml. 101b2 . a-ta-ruirmiset, Sg. 188a1 . Pass. sg. adruirmed, Wb. 2d7 . Part. of necess. aírmithi, Wb. 8c13 . See áirmide. Vn. áram. Later as simple vb. áirmid. IGT Verbs § 68 .

I

(a) counts, numbers, computes: amal as ndliged fir bís i n-arim do neuch atarimi `to one that counts them', Ml. 111c17 . ar mad iar n-aicniud adrimther, Thes. ii 10.6 (Bcr).— atairim-si, ol si. Atairimi iarom — count them . . . he counts them, Ir. Texts i 3 § 9 . rimfed rind . . . .i. no airmebad rétglanna nime, ACC § 64 ( RC xx 258 ). tuccait . . . a mur- thréta mucc a fedaib . . . ro rímit ┐ ra hármit, TBC 76 . ada usce nosbera . . . for nim atrímther a laug, LB 228 marg. sup. og iarraid co nairmither fri re `full price of fosterage is reckoned by the time', Laws ii 174.19 . iss é dédenach roarmed it was the last that was numbered, BColm. 92.21 . noco n-airimther ganim mara ni hairemthar ar marbad do macaib ríg, RC xviii 173.12 . co-n-airmestur gainemh mara, RC xxiv 381.4 . do áirmhius noí fichit scíath, ZCP viii 223.1 .

(b) In more general sense of records, recounts, mentions: in gnímai adrimter hi libur iudicum , Ml. 99d9 . nī rurīmiu nī āirmiu / a ndorigēnai ind nóebdūil `I cannot reckon, I count not what the holy creature hath done', Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). co n-árimther inna grá[d] téchtu that he may be reckoned in his proper grade, Críth Gabl. 2 . in tan nach a ngradaib flatha airimter na riga sin, Laws v 24.z Comm. cech martir adrímem, Fél. July 17. Ep. 87 . roairmiustar (roairmestar v.l.) D. douibhsium a n-anmanna, Anecd. ii 55 § 17 . ni roarmide hicond rig Leue no Beniemin it has not been told that L. or B. were with the king, Rawl. 79a7 . atrímead filid na n-G. comtís . . ., Alex. 249 . airem daib seanchassai . . . bar múinntire relate to them, Alex. 191 . ní ruirmiu, ní airémha . . . / a tainic de ancessaib Eireann . . ., FM ii 600.17 . ni aireomamaid a cogtha, L.Chl. Suibhne § 37 . a ccreacha . . . ni hairimter hi leabraibh, Cog. 38.21 . d'eis ar áirmemar / ar M. in addition to all we have recounted of M., BNnÉ 223.11 . ar áirmhis oruibh d'eachtaibh / do shíol E. `as for the deeds you have told of the race of E.' Content. iv 18 .

(c) takes into account: ni armim-sea ón I take no account of that, TBC 5085 . cona hairmithea bunad eitir `original ownership is not reckoned (i.e. taken into consideration) at all', Laws ii 370.3 Comm. nír airmedar na h-esbada sin o ranic an Maél Flidaise leó they did not count (i.e. they made light of) these losses since they had the M.F., Celt. Rev. iv 206.31 . díanam airmitis-[s]e mu bráthair oc raind a feraind if my brothers should take me into consideration in the dividing of his land, Trip.² 1885 . mad t'árim . . . bail i m-biat dagláich . . . nít ármem itir ┐ nít imradem, TBC 1853 .

(d) counts as, regards as; considers to be: is samlid atrim[i]- som in forcomet sin amal bid coscrad dognethe do `it is thus he reckons that protection as though it had been destroyed', Ml. 49a11 . bāeth, buide . . . macne Ailb (nailb v.l.) āirmi (airmighther v.l.), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 13 § 1 `thou reckonest the sons of A.,' Ériu xii 201 . ise an Toirrdelbach sin as mó airmhid Conallaig orra do brisedh catha Chnuic an Bodha `it is to this T. that the C. give the most credit on their own side for winning the battle. . .' L.Chl. Suibhne § 56 .

(e) searches out, investigates: adrimisiu gl. rimeris, Ml. 24b6 . adrimi son gl. adpendit examine, 24a13 .

II In idioms with prepp.

(a) ascribes, assigns to (DO): a nadruirmed do Abracham .i. fírinne tri híris `what has been counted unto A. even righteousness through faith', Wb. 2d7 . is secht ṅdana airegda airmither do'n Spirut noem `seven excellent gifts are assigned to the Holy Ghost', PH 8029 . ní armither . . pian . . . dona anmannaib, the souls are not considered to suffer pain LU 2120 ( FA 18 ).

(b) counts as (AR): ni áirmi som ón ar chumscugud `he does not count that as change', Wb. 13d17 . ní nairmi ar bethaid etir `he reckons it not as life at all', Ml. 82a8 . combad ar gair aicnid adrímed in suidiguth `so he would reckon the position for shortness of nature', Sg. 69a5 . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath `fellow-suffering is counted as a kind of cross', Thes. ii 246.26 . adrímfinn ar nempní i condiulcc in maithiusa tarfas dam, Trip.² 2107 . Hence a.¤ ar x do y counts as x on the part of y: adrimtis-som ar aithissib dunni buith fut recht su `they used to count as reproaches to us', Ml. 91a6 . dorolaig in peccad ┐ ni narraim ar chaire do, 49c9 . fis timnae ndæ . . . is ar sainemli adrimther to neuch rudfinnadar `knowledge of the commandments of God is reckoned as excellence to him that knows it', 46c24 . iss ed sin armither ar adnacul dóib for that is regarded as their burial place, LU 2533 . is ar martrai atrimther dó `it is reckoned to him as martyrdom', Mon. Tall. 146.19 . atait tri cuir tindtai mac beo-athar im a athair nach airmead (= áirmet) liubair na Feine do ar ingaire a tindtog, Laws v 436.23 . ar ní armide ar laechdacht duit-siu comrac frim-sa sund it would not be reckoned as bravery for you, LL 14137 .

(c) considers as, places in the same category as (LA and ETER): participia .i. ataruirmiset la gerind `participles i.e. they have reckoned them with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . is la noeb scriphinna atarurmius I have included them among the sacred writings, Hib. Min. 3.83 . cid nácham airmisiu . . . lais na trén-firu sin . . . cid dam nachat airmébaind etorro? why dost thou not reckon me among those strong men . . . why should I not reckon thee among them? LU 10269 . uair airemthar do-sum itir deib é da eis `he shall be numbered among the gods', TTebe 2187 . do bhríogh go n-áirmheann an eaglais idir na hoibreachaibh trócaire . . . é, TSh. 5624 . With AR: áirmid eólaig ar mnāib āill[e] a haimsire ī the knowledgable consider her as one of the beautiful women of her time, ML² 485 .

(d) a.¤ x for (ar) y reckons x against y, blames y for x: ba treissi . . . don aithrighe . . . inas dona holcaibh ro áirmittis deamuin form which the devils reckoned up against me, RC xxvi 372.7 . nā hāirimh ar Chorc na cclīar / gē do-bheradh toir is tīar do not blame C., Ériu ix 177 § 7 . oramsa do hairmhedh riamh / a n-dernsabair . . . / daibh fein áirmeoc- thar anois, Caithr. CC § 60 . With FRI: nicon airmi fri nech cia ba menic thi does not count it against a person, Laws v 76.11 .

1 áe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áe or dil.ie/604

Forms: áoi, áoi, ó, áoibh, aeghe, aeghibh

n Mid. Ir. form of O. Ir. óa, q.v. IGT Decl. § 180 (in pl. only. n p. áoi. g p. áoi, ó. d p. áoibh). Not used to form adjj. in -amail or -ach, Introd. § 147 : nor as the first element of a compd. § 148 . Later spelt aeghe, Lament. ii 11 . aeghibh, Ezech. xxi 21 .

Liver: feóil fhiadha, ae, ┐ blonag, Rule of Tall. 6 § 8 . mo sháith do bhoin . . . gan ai innti acht geir a n-inat a haei, Oss. v 54.26 . in bo co naib ítha, ZCP iii 218 § 36 . searrach dond ar dath a áoi (háoi v.b.) liver-coloured, IGT Decl. ex. 2068 . ech dond co ndathan a ai fair is é sin ataighsem, RC xxvii 300.7 . is and bit a uighi don circ imo ai, Hib. Min. 47 note b . cum na cuislend cumang bis a ndruim na náo, Rosa Ang. 46.13 . is na cuislennaibh comursanaighes . . . ris na h-aeb, RC xlix 53 § 21 . melancoilia cruthaigther isna haeib, O'Gr. Cat. 262.13 . os cionn na náe, Ex. xxix 13 . In phrase domblas áe, see domblas. In name of a plant, liverwort : a.¤ aba marchantia polymorpha, Rosa Ang. 340 . a.¤ abund gl. epaitica, RC ix 231.13 . epatica .i. na hae abha, 23 K 42, 428.14 .

2 áes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áes or dil.ie/645

Forms: áes, aeis, aesa

n u, m. áes m. (g s. and n p. aeis, aesa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

People, folk, those who, etc. Almost invariably with qual. clause, adj., or noun in gen.: áis fil oc turcbail grene gl. qui primi hominum solem uident, Ml. 94b18 . ?dommuinetar indóini is (indoiss, MS.) ferc do insin, 49b7 . dond aos bís illobrae `to those that are lying sick', Mon. Tall. 148.9 (§ 56) . genaiti áesa a Tenmag Trogaigi, LU 3521 . a Athair na n-uile aos `Father of all folk', A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 4 .

With follg. adj.: int ais amprom `the wicked ', Ml. 31c6 . int óis anfoirbthe `the imperfect folk', Wb. 13c13 . ind aiso boicht `of the poor ', Ml. 31c1 . in n-áis déed `the lazy folk', Wb. 25c19 . aithbeoadh aois éidtreoraig `a resurrection of all feeble folk', O'Gr. Cat. 485.1 . int ais firian `the righteous ', Ml. 55d11 . tairisem ind aiso firien, 54a13 . ni forcital óisa foirbthi `of perfect folk', Wb. 8c3 . ind aosae galrich `of sickly persons', Mon. Tall. 146.27. (§ 52) . dar cenn ind óesa lobuir `for sake of the feeble folk', Wb. 10c11 . int ais lósc `the blind ', Ml. 45c9 . in n-aés moith ┐ anfoirbthe `the tender and imperfect', 45b17 . ind áisso noib `of the saints ', Ml. 27c2 . inna fochaide dobertar forsin naís noib, Ml. 27b15 . in t-aes ócc óetedhach the young , TTr.² 1218 . aes sruith superiors , Trip.² 2115 . cen imcomet aesa sruith, Laws iii 510.2 . With follg. noun in gen. (for similar phrases see fer, lucht): áes . . . airechta members of an assembly , O'D. 544 ( H. 3.17 c. 435 ). bhur náos énúaire sojourners , Lev. xxv 23 . áos aithrigi ` penitents ', Mon. Tall. 131.z (§ 11) . in t-aes cairdiusa ┐ caradraidh friends , CCath. 233 . óis carcre ` prisoners ', Wb. 28d30 . áes comchotaig allies, partners , LU 4637 (TBC). aes comgnima co-operators, fellow-workmen , Laws v 156.18 Comm. aes cotalta sleepers , Laws iii 220.23 Comm. don aes na deiccsin (leg. -sen) the watchers , BDD² 589 . aithgabail aesa ecolsa ` ecclesiastics ', Laws ii 120.5 Comm. fíad áes enig, LU 3903 ( SC § 41 ). áes gráda retainers, counsellors : ar marbad a muintiri, ocus aessa grada, ocus a comalta Cog. 62.2 . tugudur a aes gradha mur comurle dó ZCP vi 273.4 . is and sin do gluaisetar a glanaos gradha gu hO mBriain ITS xxvi 63.25 . do gluais uathad da aes grada Ann. Conn. 236(s.a. 1315.11). ro airc Feidlimid iar sin aes grada Ruaidri h. Conchobair 1316.4. for aes n-imthechta messengers , TBC 148 . mian ngalair aesa inhuitir `sick craving of invalids', Ériu xii 20.1. (BCrólige). á.¤ láime actual perpetrators: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti, Laws iii 252.13 Comm. (lucht laime, 8 ). æs man- cuine `personal retainers ', Ériu xii 40 § 50 (BCrólige). oís muntire gl. domistici Dei, Wb. 21c4 ; 21b12 . do óes oifrinn congregation at mass, Trip.² 1386 . ar n-óis rechto `we folk of the Law', Wb. 31d1 . int ais sechmaill `the passers-by ', Ml. 102a15 . romtar óis teglig `folk of (His) family', Wb. 7b13 . ond áes tuaithe from the laity , Wb. 28b32 . Esp. to denote an occupation or calling: óes cherdd craftsmen or poets , Críth Gabl. 281 . int aos creth poets , Arch. iii 310 viii 3 . a.¤ dána artists, poets , see dán. a.¤ gráid men in orders, see 1 grád. a.¤ gráda favourites, confidants, etc. see 2 grád.

Folld by gen. of a place-name: áes an Arda (= Firu Arddae § 1), Arch. iii 296 § 35 . for aes mbabelone `the Baby- lonians ', Ml. 107a5 . áis inna ethiobae `those of Ethiopia', 94b22 . á áis siriae `O Syrians', 66c12 . aes na Temrach, BDD² 159 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

ag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ag or dil.ie/671

Forms: n-ag, ndára, t-ag, ag, -ag, n-ag, aigi, aige, haigi, hoighi, agh, oigh, aige, aighi, oighe, aige, aigh, ag, aige, aigi, aighed, aighib, agh

n orig. s, n. Later m. and f. n s. a n-ag , Sc.M² 7 . agh ndára , FM ii 982.y . in t-ag , Laws ii 240.9 Comm. in ag , iv 24.12 Comm. a s. -ag (aigh, v.l.), TBC 3382 . du. da n-ag , 1324 . g s. ind aigi , Anecd. i 9.4 . aige, Críth. Gabl. 550 . na haigi , Aen. 1709 . na hoighi , 1715 . d s. agh, Laws ii 240.7 Comm. oigh, IGT Decl. ex. 893 . n p. aige, Trip.² 518 . aighi, Aen. 276 , oighe, ZCP i 64 § 57 . a p. aige, Anecd. i 1.9 . aigh, Laws iv 120.3 Comm. g p. ag, LL 1769 . aige, LU 9412 . aigi, Laws i 144.15 Comm. aighed, SG 102.1 . d p. aighib, Aen. 274 . Note: a richt dā n-agaid allaid, BColm. 90.2 . agh m. and f. IGT Decl. §§ 31, 45 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) bovine animal, cow, ox: íar n-él(a)úd aige after the escape of an ox (bullock), Críth. Gabl. 550 . a.¤ loige meich an ox of the value of a sack, ZCP xiv 347 § 8 . a.¤ i fur ┐ molt a fur ┐ muc a fur, Laws v 78.2 Comm. fuil aidhe . . . fuil dam . . . fuil muc, 152.3 . a.¤ imsoi dia eol, 268.18 . eascaire . . . inn aighi mir, iii 272.12 Comm. a.¤ o cach fiur do, Trip.² 887 . a.¤ fireand cacha indise, BDD² 602 . a.¤ teora ferglacc, Aisl. MC 3.14 . .xxx. aige . . . / nirbo luchtlach dó (of a cauldron), LU 9412 . mucc ┐ a.¤ ┐ dabach do cach ḟir, LL 12479 . is de sin ba lán in caire / do cuirthea ár aige ann, SG 362.19 . tricha aigi a lucht in choiri `thirty cows', Ériu ii 20 § 1 . adciadis a n-Aenach Lipthí broga for aghaib bleithi, eich fo berti blaithi, O'Dav. 322 . agh ndára gacha trír `an incalf heifer', FM ii 982.y . Fig. of a warrior: ba méthiu a n-a.¤ fo-rācbais-[s]iu ocainni, Sc.M² 7 .

(b) deer, stag (usually with allaid): na haigh allta amhuil na haigh ceannda, Laws iv 120.3 = na haigi alta, O'D. 1686 (H. 5.15, p. 29b). ocht n-aige altai do techt . . . fon sliab, Trip.² 518 . timmairg . . . ina fuair do muccaib ┐ d'aigib alta ┐ d'ernail cacha fíada, LU 10485 . almai d'aigib alta . . . gebis da n-ag . . . díb, TBC 1319 , 1324 . ailbin d'aighib alltaib, Aen. 274 . amal aig n-allaid . . . iter cuanairt, TTebe 1881 . ar cind aigi ┐ cūanart, TBC² 2508 . in cu bis ar cae aiceda . . . na naighi i n-aimsir fiadaig, Laws i 144.15 Comm. dosennat na secht n-aige, TBFr. 58 . ag fiadhach ar mucaib ┐ aidhib, Ériu v 146.21 . Arann na n-aighed n-imda, SG 102.1 . oighe míolla . . . / 'na loighe, Measgra D. 43.11 . maran agh thaitneamhuigh pleasant roe, Prov. v 19 . Somet. doe, hind. Fig. of a person: a láogh na hoighi ó íadh Muile, Sc. G. St. iv 146 § 33 . Mac Moire . . . laogh oighe dar n-ealbha, Dán Dé viii 17 .

Compds. ? agerna .i. laogh bo, O'C. 970 (H.3. 18, 416). agmuilt (g s.), IT iii 104 § 203 .

agad, aiged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. agad, aiged or dil.ie/678

Forms: aiged, aigeth, agad, aghadh, aiged, aigead, aideadh, aghaidh, aighidh, agid, aigid, agaid, aghaidh, acchaidh, adhaigh, adhaid, aghaigh, agad, aiged, aigthi, aichthi, aighthe, aighid, aigthi, aichthib, aigthib, agthib, aghadh, aighedh

n f. aiged, Thes. ii 254.4 (Stowe Miss.), aigeth, ibid. 5 . Not found in O. Ir. glosses (see enech). n s. agad, LU 4514 . aghadh, Dán Dé vii 35 . ind aiged , TBFr. 219 . aigead, Ériu xiii 58.1 . aideadh, BB 427a50 . aghaidh (: samhail), DDána 42.6 . v s. aighidh, ZCP xiii 174.9 . a s. agid, TBFr. 223 . aigid, Trip.² 313 . agaid, Lism. L. 2968 . aghaidh, Aithd. D. 61.21 . acchaidh, FM v 1640.16 . adhaigh, Ériu v 190.480 . adhaid (sic MS.), ZCP vii 301 § 6 . aghaigh, Laws iv 258.1 Comm. agad, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 312.15 ). aiged, Maund. 257 . g s. aigthi, CRR § 17 . aichthi, TTebe 930 . aighthe, DDána 85.1 . Prov. vii 15 . d s. aighid, Arch. iii 4.28 . n p. aigthi, Sc.M² 5 . d p. aichthib, Rawl. 163b13 . aigthib, TTebe 4115 . agthib, TBC 4210 . aghadh, aighedh f., IGT Decl. § 4 .

I

(a) face, countenance: mad i nadaid ri[g] 'if it be [a wound] in the face of a king ' Bretha 26 § 9 . mad a naigid rig tuat roferta(i)r fuil graine 'if a one-grain wound has been inflicted in the face of a king' 28 § 12 . niba diles a aighidh do aoir Ériu xiii 13.20 . agad ḟochoel forlethan, LU 4514 (TBC). ind aiged do chumtachtai the face for its comeliness, TBFr. 219 . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid ṅgil, 223 . aged ethiopacda slemangorm aci, MU² 689 . niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, Sc.M² § 5 . comleithet a aigthi do derg-ór, CRR § 17 . ag ínred a aichthi `tearing his face', TTebe 930 . dob iomdha aighthe giall ngonta, TD 11.32 . deōr tromthoirsi / co tī tar abra ar n-aigthi-ni, Arch. iii 234.18 . dar a aighid, 4.28 . a.¤ fedil see fethal.

By metonymy of persons: a haighidh fhīr woman of the true countenance, ZCP xiii 174.9 . fer ard uas aichthib Emna / diar chomainm Tadg . . ., Rawl. 163b13 .

(b) surface: aigead gach airgit, Ériu xiii 58.1 (See xix 117-8 ). ordlach i tiget cech lainde dib . . . co m-ba haiged oir uli lais ár medon, Alex. 581 . dar aigthib sciath, TTebe 4115 . mar chaoin aighthe cupa ó cheard, DDána 119.34 . ar aighidh mhín Mhaonmhuighe expanse , Ériu v 66.8 . a haghaidh ghléigheal . . . (of a hill), TD 4.5 . ?ria n-aidche agaig (leg. agaid), Ériu iv 162 § 25 . fa aghaidh na firminnte across the face of the firmament, Aithd. D. 61.21 . ag cur bhairr ┐ aighthe mo bhaisi deisi . . . palm of my right hand, Parrth. Anma 1020 . ar aighthibh . . . an aigein, ML 48.10 .

(c) front: meitheal dar bh' aghaidh sinn súd we were in advance of that working-party, DDána 42.6 ; cf. baluid dia lethagid in luirg, ┐ tanic dia lettáib, TBC 651 ( LL 8103 ).

(d) shape, form, appearance: aen dib a fuath duine, ┐ aroile a ndeilb dhuim, ┐ anaill a naigid ilair, Grail 3399 .

(e) honour (see 1 enech II): dar cend aigthe Conculainn `for the sake of C.'s honour', RC xiv 428 § 52 . tuc Eochaidh a aenrosc do dar ceann a aigti, BB 383a35 . ar son a einich .i. ar son a aighthe, O'Cl. s.v. eineach. Cf. do tabairt aighti doib giving countenance to them, ZCP v 42.30 ( BCC 123 ).

Note also: ic fóbairt aigthe a feirgge for Troiánu, LL 236b22 ( TTr. 1458 ).

II In phrases implying motion, intention etc. (a) With follg. FOR, FRI etc.:

(a) dob aghaidh ar éttualang (of an impossible undertaking), FM v 1646.1 . agaid for Ath Cliath to attack A. ALC i 2.19 . is tráth aighthe ar Allmhurchaibh, DDána 85.1 . fa neimhleasg liom aghaidh air `I was in no wise loth to approach it', TD 11.7 . ní hésgaidh linn ort aigheadh, IGT Decl. ex. 826 . a n-aighthe ar in sen-fhairrgi making for the sea, Fl. Earls 58.7 . aghaidh dhamh-sa do fhios Bhriain, Hard. ii 202.11 . déne prostrait ┐ t'aiged fri talmain face downwards, PH 454 . a agaid fria lochtaib, PH 8227 .

(b) With attá: ni bḟuil bur n-aighedh le clesaibh riderachta, RC xxix 112 § 8 . is indess ro boí a aged [.i. do Temraig], Trip.² 1011 . Note also: aghaidh gach droichsgéil amach! all evil away from us! Dánta Gr. 9.1 .

(c) do-beir a.¤ co, fri turns towards, makes for: tucsat agaid a long gu . . . turned their ships towards, Lism. L. 2968 . mad cucainni dobera Conch. ┐ Ulaid a n-agaid if C. and the U. make for us, CRR § 21 . tugaisse aghaidh ar Ifearnn, Aithd. D. 70.21 . do bhert a aghaidh ar uaithnibh `he directed his course by Uaithne', FM vi 2144.20 . tuc an toiced a haghaidh ar in rí, fortune turned her face towards the king, Expugn. Hib. § 64 . tug R. / aighidh ar an lucht rosling `R. has turned to the people who had defeated him', Studies 1919, 256.3 . tucsat a naigid innaenfecht for Leth Cuind attacked, SG 369.2 . ( LL 299b1 ). tugadar a n-aighthe ar airgne ┐ ar éadála . . . do thiomsughadh turned their attention to, Maguires of F. § 13 . ro thriallsat . . . aghaidh do thabhairt ar dhol a nulltoibh `attempted to effect their passage', FM v 1854. 13 . gibe ealadha ara ttiobhra duine aghaidh whatever science a person may turn to, Rule of Tall. § 67 . tug a aghaidh res an uile he faced everybody, DDána 15.9 . Note also: tar Carrthaigh . . . / cuir aghaidh na himeirche tar cuan L. face the band over the shore of L., DDána 74.49 .

III In prepositional phrases.

(a) before, in front of (with AR, FOR, FRI, I N-, LA): nemhsgathmhar ar a.¤ a eascarad `undaunted before his enemies', Rel. Celt. ii 196.6 . an tan curtar ar aigid na gréne é when it is exposed to the sun, O'Gr. Cat. 259.8 . magh . . . do bī ar a n-agaid before them, ML² 1039 . ercid is-in less ar bar n-agaid, PH 4371 . for agid Tripolim, Rawl. 71b6 . Eoin re haghaidh an leanaibh in the presence of, Dán Dé xi 18 . fuair cricha na hEtáile re [a] aghaidh before him, CCath. 1225 . dogní munterus fri-a n-aichthibh they pretend friendship to their faces (opposed to behind their backs), PH 7704 . rucait i n-agid ríg Lochlainne they were brought before the kings of N., CRR § 13 . Peadar abstal na aghaidh / do shéan Iosa `in His presence', A. Ó Dálaigh li 11 . do radh go im agaid `to my face', MR 76.14 . Cf. an president . . . do shuidhe lé hacchaidh Sruthra `laid siege to S.,' FM v 1640.16 .

(b) towards, in the direction of (with i n-): tainic . . . N . . . ana aigid-seom, Trip.² 313 . na daine do rala do na aigidh who met him, Laws iii 178.12 Comm. erigid-siu 'na agaid go to him, TTebe 4179 . dodechaid bó dasachtach ina agaid `came towards him', RC ii 398 § 37 . guais don tí nach tabhair lón / i n-aghaidh na dtrí dtionól (of Judgement Day), Dán Dé xxii 32 .

(c) against (with FRI, I N-): táinic Seth . . . is misi ann re aguidh `where I was awaiting him', Ériu iv 116 § 21 . do ordaigedar . . . a forairedha do c[h]ur re h-agaid Eōgain on the watch for E., ML² 445 . roeiridh an abhond ré aigid the river rose against him, TTebe 3582 . ba tearc d'Ultaibh re a aghaidh `few of the Ulaid would resist him', Aithd. D. 8.4 . ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, LU 4028 ( SC § 48 ). in fer ro bai ina adaig i.e. his opponent, Laws iii 218.7 Comm. i n-agthib na srotha sain against the current, TBC 4210 . ata comaimserdhacht ina adhaigh sin there is a synchronism contradicting that, Ériu iv 144 n.19 . is amlaidh ata in leiges a n-aiged na nadura, RC xlix 25.z .

Up (of a slope, steps, etc. with I N-): cloch mulind do chur ana agaid shlebe to roll a millstone up a hill, TTebe 1669 . a n-aghaidh in staigri upstairs, Fl. Earls 218.16 . anagaid aird uphill, Maund. 31 . cuirid i n-a.¤ opposes, contradicts: doirbh leis an gcorp cor 'n-a aghaidh, Dán Dé xix 3 . doreir baramhla na ndaeine nglic nach fuil cur ina agaid accamsa `to which I do not object', Maund. 157 . gan ar breith do neach dhíobh freasabhra ná cur 'n-a aghaidh, Keat. iii 102 . ro chuir ina acchaidh a aindliccheadh ┐ a eccóir fair `upbraided him', FM vi 1972. 10 . do-icc i n-a.¤ : na tecait i n-agaid in rechta atharda, IT i 170.9 . ní fetar teacht a n-agaid chainti an chumachtaigh sin, TTebe 1075 . tāinic O . . . . i n-a aghaidh sin O. disputed that, ML² 612 .

(d) for (with FRI, I N-): iasg i n-aibhnibh re a aghaidh `for him the fish fill the rivers', Aithd. D. 36.3 . aingeal re haghaidh gach aoin, Dán Dé xxiii 3 . dogēn-sa in cētna at agaid I shall do the same for you, ZCP xiii 181.z . i n-aghaidh mo dhísle dhuid / m'ḟaghail is tríbhse tánuig in return for, TD 14.37 .

(e) for the purpose of (with FRI, LA): fri agad bretha ┐ cocerta, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 412.15 ). aingeal re haghaidh smachta an angel to correct (Michael), Dán Dé xiv 4 . fri h-aighid a biata `to prepare food for them', MR 50.18 . go mbeittis i náon ionadh re hacchaid báis an fhior-naoimh, BNnÉ 273 § 246 . lé haghaidh Somhairle do cennsucchadh, FM v 1820.12 .

(f) on the point of, about to (with FRI and vn.): atámúid re hadhaigh catha do chur we are about to give battle, Ériu v 190.480 . do bí M. . . . le haghaid sil éorna do chur, BNnÉ 232 § 146 . re haiged techta duinne cum in gleannasa `before we entered', Maund. 257 .

(g) as an offset to, corresponding to, instead of, etc. (with I N-): ro badur bessa ac na mnáib sin a n-aghaid mathusa na fer sin as a counterpart to, Acall. 7310 . cid fodera foimeilt in ferainn do dul a n-aghaigh na eineclainni annsin? `what is the reason that the use of the land goes (is set) against the honor price in that case?' Laws iv 258.1 Comm. 'na aigid sin in compensation for that, TTebe 1633 . Aed mac T. do athrigad . . . ┐ Aed mac F. do rigad doib ina adaig in his place, Ann. Conn. 1350.9 . luagh i n-aghaidh th'anshóigh, Dán Dé xii 12 . bliadhain i n-aghaidh na h-uaire a maireann an t-éiclips uirre féin a year for every hour, Corp. Astron. 158.4 . i n-aghaidh a ndearna dhóibh / do shaothar is do sheanmóir in return for, Dán Dé xi 24 .

(h) In Laws in phr. ar a a.¤ féin on one's own, in one's own right: ara aigid fen a ænur CIH vi 2281.13 (Uraicecht Becc) . no ara aigidh fein UR 102 § 2.11 . o bus orgain airlechta in druith ar a aigid fein a aenar, cin adhbar, cin bidbanas `of his own accord', iii 158.8 . a lan dic ar a aighidh fein, 244.y. eneclann don triur is uaisli bis and ar a naigid uodein `on their own account', i 164.21 . .x. samaisci ar a n-aigid bodein `at their own natural value', v 66.28 .

IV In adverbial phrases.

(a) a.¤ i n-a. (FRI, AR, DO etc.) face to face (with). atáit dá clar-cisdi mora ann in n-agaid a n-agaid, Todd Nenn. 94.x . ragab tilaig agid i n-agid dona sluagaib, TBC 4557 . agid fri agid is Glenn Mamra directly facing, Rawl. 73a31 = is and ata sein aigid d'aigid fri glend Mambra, BB 6a9 . ag feitheamh na Tríonnóide aghaidh ar aghaidh face to face, O'Hussey TC 54.16 . In Laws Comm. of things set off against each other: a da nindlighedh aghaidh inaghaidh, Laws ii 140.12, 78.29, i 114.5 .

(b) ar a.¤ forward, ahead: buille air aghaidh a step forward, Donl. vi 19 . do chum gnothuighe móra ar nanama do chur air aghaidh `to help on the great affair of our salvation', 444.19 . ag dul ar aghaidh going forward, TSh. 10793 . Sometimes with poss. referring to subj. of prec. vb. toircidh . . . ar bar n- aghaidh, `right a head', Cog. 86.14 . triall do b'áil ar a haghaidh, Aithd. D. 81.2 . ara aghthib ┐ ara culaib forwards and backwards, CCath. 3612 .

(c) In Laws Comm. do a.¤ , for a.¤ of improper motion of flail: in cet sceinm do leth da aghaidh forwards, Laws iii 222.8 Comm. ata leth aithgin ann for a aighidh when it slips forward, y. noco naithfegtar acht aighidh nama account is taken only of slipping forward, 224.2 .

Compds. With adjj.: abach . . . agedban, CCath. 4099 . occlaech . . . agedchain fairfaced , CCath. 6026 . Aeneas . . . fer imlethan aideadhdherg red-faced , BB 427a50 . gach inad uiscidhe, agaid-fhliuch flooded , MR 256.15 . da óclach . . . agaidhgeala, TBC 4346 v.l. in allchnocoip agadlethnaibh broadfaced, CCath. 5634 . ind fir athlaim agedmóir broad-faced , LL 20345 . With noun: dá lethantrosdán . . . ag imachar a haighedhcnám front bones (shin-bones?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.y .

aicce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicce or dil.ie/753

n , f.

(a) nearness, proximity: a.¤ ab accula (leg. accola , Meyer, ZCP xiii 185 ), O'Mulc. 13 . ?rom gab B. . . . cucai for aicci (aicti v.l.) a treibe cor ferad mo théchtae oca because of the nearness of his people(?), Comp.Con C. 29.12 ( LU 10289 ) (cf. 1 aicde?). In phrase i n-aicci near, beside: his i nn-accai muilenn echtránd no beitis co bráth, Trip.² 2456 . co mbeth mís i n-acci cech fir díb, LL 315b53 . a naici a namat gl. a namait naici, 393a44 . eirigh ar h'ech ┐ cuir in t-ech maith-so a t'aici `take . . . beside thee', ZCP vi 73.34 . airc an Tighearna . . . ┐ an cófra do bhí na haice, 1 Sam. vi 15 . ceiltear neimh glaice gonta / libh i n-aice th' óghachta `in presence of thy virginity', Aithd. D. 59.32 . aice .i. i n-aice. Acall araice Teamhair .i. in aice Teamhrach atá, O'Cl. See ar-aicci. besides, in addition to: geanmnaidheacht i n-aice umhla, PBocht i 6 . is beag an tiomsughadh laidhnea fhogh- nus a n-aice an bhromurruis nadurtha very little Latin suffices if added to . . ., 23 I 1, 109 .y . guin an chló do-chuaidh 'n-a throighidh / trom re híoc i n-aice ar ngníomh, DDána 30.11 . ? Also ina aicci in a short while (?): níba hannsae duit són … ’na aicci 'that will not be difficult for you [to know] presently' Immrama 50.837 , ZCP xxxii 121 . With follg. LA: nec[h] ris ar b[f]iu each do breith inaci leis who thought it worth while to bring a led horse with him, Cog. 132.11 . As adv.: ech acam dúib i n-aicce `I have a horse for you hard by', Met. Dinds. iii 454.49 .

(b) fosterage: hore is na n-aicci atái since it is fostered with them that thou art (`near them', Thes., see O. Ir. Par. and Glosses, 3rd and 4th edd., Vocabulary), Wb. 5b27 . altrom a meic eter [t]heora a.¤ , BDD² 105 . atnoad (ailed, v.l.) Con- chubur . . . ol is cét-a.¤ Finnchóem, Comp. Con C. 8.17 (text?). icht aicce (.i. gnim) ar iss i n-aicci bis in descipul icon aidi, Auraic. 1112 (cf. ZCP xvii 289.21 ) = Corm. Y 88 . bi a mic inmhuin . . . i n-aice do braithrech co mba seitrech (a dying father to his youngest son), LL 386b24 . atat dano da mbaegal naltrama baegal donn athair dia rogha laim dia mac iarna tabairt i naice corop altar manip deithberus, H 3.18, 19aw . dianduca as cin dethbeirus nimbera isin naice sin aitherrach, z. aice .i. aiti nó altrum, ut est urail coimperta i sóaici sochrait . . . ┐ aderr fos trian n-airir i tres n-aici, O'Dav. 137 . aici .i. ucht, ut est conad ragbad mac nó ingen de asa aici, 63 . log na haici, O'C. 1989 (H 4.22, 25). aice .i. oileamhain, O'Cl.

aiccecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccecht or dil.ie/754

Forms: aiccept, aiceacht

n m. (Lat. accepta, Ped. i 236 , acceptum, Vendr. Lex.). Also aiccept. aiceacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 . Later also f.: gurab í an aiceacht, Eochairsg. 4.y . ba hisin aicept, Hugh Roe 124.7 (fo. 33a ). With lenited -c- aicheapt, Desid. 4839 (cf. aithchecht). Later cecht q.v. Lesson, instruction, precept: lectio .i. aicecht, Ir. Gl. 868 . aiccicht .i. icht a n-aice ar is i n-ace bīs an deiscipal acind aiti, Corm. Y 88 . Cf. O'Mulc. 12 . brathchai .i. bretho Cai ainm aicepta bēlri, 125 . dí raínd déc ínti ┐ acept bliadna i ncech raind (of studying verse), IT iii 31.10 . foric in n-écsíne oc múnud a aiciuchta, LU 11002 . tech n-aiccepta, Mer. Uil. 143 . co ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. 12.14 . staruidhe .i. fear ag a mbí triocha d'aiceachtaibh naomhtha ina fhoghloim, MS Mat. 494.30 . an t-aiceachtsa do fhégh soin / do légh aitteachtsa an ughdoir, L.Cl. A. Buidhe 176 § 109 . an aiceacht d'fhág Sé aice precept, Eochairsg. 4.y . In phrases: do-gní a.¤ do gives instruction to: dorinne-sium aiccept dóib-sim, Mer. Uil. 127 . do dēnum accechta dī, BColm. 18.16 . do-gní a.¤ learns lessons: dognidh tri haicechta gach láe la Barrai, BNnÉ 16.11 . occ denamh in aicipta, Lism. L. 4152 . do bhínn dá n-aiteacht don ḟior / gach aiceacht díbh dá ndéiniodh, TD 23.7 . do-beir a.¤ do gives a prescription, precept to: truagh nach tabhair . . . aiceacht an Daghdha dhamh / d' aithteacht a anma i nEoghan a pity you do not give me the Dagda's pre- scription to revive Eoghan's life, DDána 65.35 . do theagasg an phobail ┐ dá thabhairt mar aiceacht dóibh . . ., TSh. 151 . ro gab ferg an senoir . . . ┐ tucc aicept mór dó he gave him a serious reprimand, BCC 170.17 . do bi C. ag tabhairt aicepta do C.C. trias an cath sin do cuiredh trid, 186.y.

Cf. airaiccecht.

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