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2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( GOI 285 ). Poss. pron. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasalising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán, LU 3231 ( SCC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donlevy vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC-I¹ 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( GOI 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth G. 240 , ( GOI 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruthugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth G. 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth G. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imchossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', Stair Erc. 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, ACL iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', Stair Erc. 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RSClára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modifying verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōrthrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donlevy vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, Stair Erc. 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, 1 degaid, 1 deóin, dochum, éis, 1 muin, 1 son, etc.

4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., GOI § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC-LL¹ 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deuterotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donlevy 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC-I¹ 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC-I¹ 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with partitive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however GOI 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir. Recht 22 § 24 (see GOI 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( GOI 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donlevy 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequently with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach, Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar, Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find, 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find, 5917 . la da raibhi Crist, Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach, L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn, IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet, BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig, 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille, Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar, Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon. Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC-LL¹ 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

aball

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aball or dil.ie/40

 

Forms: a.

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 192 . apple-tree: a.¤ gl. malus, Sg. 61b5 . a.¤ [ab] Abellano oppido Campaniae , Corm. Y 94 . O'Mulc. 4 . One of the `airig feda', Auraic. 1153 . queirt is o chrand rohainmnighead .i. abhull, 1184 . ríga.¤ fó rigthorad, LU 6468 (TBC). aboll ubull / mār a rath / mbruignech mbras, K. and H. 14 . do fuc Eua inn ubull n-úag / dond abaill, SR 1286 . cróib dind abaill a hEmain, Imr. Brain § 3 . frisin abaill a hAle, LL 18178 ( frisan abaild, RC xiii 223.66 .) abla tīre Barsābe, ubla orro gach rāithe, Ériu iii 145 § 27 . cona abhlaibh caemha cubhraighe, 156 § 9 . ar belaibh na habla, BNnÉ 293 § 14 . fa abhoill in imarbais, Ériu iv 112.28 . doire aluinn . . . d'abluibh cubra, RC xiv 42 § 47 . coro sanntaigh Eua toradh na habhla, Grail 3019 . connach fácait ubhall ar abhaill, Acall. 6281 . abhall . . ./ co n-imat a tromthairthe, SG 112.8 . a abhall na n-ubhall gcumhra (of the Cross), DDána 2.6 . In wider sense tree: lomairset abaill mbic dib . . . dus cia nofromobadh a toradh búi forsin abaill, RC x 70.7 . Cf. fíc-aball s.v. fíc.

Transfd. of persons: na trí habhla a haontamhan (Daedalus and his two brothers), TD 20.24 . an ghéag abhla d'ḟiodh Theamhrach (Turlogh Luinech), 7.19 .

Compds. ¤-bláth: tar Magh n-uaine n-abhullblaith apple-blossomed , Caithr. CC 53 . ¤-gel: don chrích Ultaigh abhaillghil, TD 27.31 . ¤-glan: tír . . . n-abhallghloin, TD 1.43 . ¤-gort orchard: in a. chumrae, LL 253b33 . baladh abhallguirt chubra, Acall. 6204 . ro thescc a abhallghort, AFM iii 1126.9 . ¤-pór: toradh abhallphóir ḟóid Bhreagh, TD 24.15 .

Cf. uball.

1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

 

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

adlaic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adlaic or dil.ie/479

 

Forms: ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic

adj i. Also ad(a)ilc, a(i)l(l)ic, álic. desirable, agreeable; needful: tuä intan bas n-a.¤ `silence when it is necessary', Ériu ii 64 § 4 . gach aidhme ba hadhailg ind eallma las an luing everything that was necessary, Hugh Roe 6.13 (fo. 1b) . buí idh . . . fri a tarraing chuca . . . an tan badh adhlaic, AFM vi 1898.6 . In attrib. use: a dlighedh adhluig, Laws i 254.20 Comm. (etymol. gloss on adilce. Cf. a dliged aidalic glossing aidilgne, iii 40.28, 42.12 Comm. ). ollamuin aidilge, O'D. 2215 (Nero A vii 148a) = ollamuin aidhilgne, ib. traighlethan adluigh dealbh[dh]a / Rathbuidhe tuir thrénTemhra, Geneal. Tracts i 17.9 . In phrases is a.¤ DO, LA: cid is ailicc dúib húam `what do ye desire from me?', Ériu iv 140.5 . robo a.¤ dó a aithi do P. aní dorigne fria fer comtha, Trip.² 541 . sec[h]ip rēt bas maith lasin filid ┐ bas a.¤ dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . ( bud á.¤ , Corm. 25.27 ). Fand ic dul la Manannán mac Lir ar nocorb álic duitsiu hí because she is not pleasing to you, LU 4020 ( SCC § 47 ). masat seoit rig . . . ad (adat, ata, v.ll.) adhailge (aidilci v.l.) daib, Anecd. ii 53.3 . nach nī is a.¤ ┐ is laind la duine, Corm. Y 1201 . masa a.¤ lib chena, LU 1566 . déna . . . amal as a.¤ let fessin, 8831 ( FB § 62 ).

Compar. alcu dún (ba cora duinne v.l.) fuligud ┐ fordergad for nech we prefer, LL 8073 (TBC). áillcge dit inda midól / . . . / tú it luing . . ., Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912 xxv 439 § 9 ( LL 369 marg. inf. ). bes ailciu arailiu, Laws iii 42.12 Comm.

n As subst. desire, necessity; necessary thing: donrimmart gorta . . . / . . . / fri ar n-a.¤ uaig . . . to supply all our need, SR 3487 . dénad a.¤ (adoilcc v.l.) cech lobair `the need of every sick person` (rule for religious life), Ériu iii 96 § 2 . nícon ticfa ri moín no a.¤ . . . in sét connegar and (nicontarrtar fri main na torad(h) na a.¤ v.l.) by wish or desire, TBFr. 308 . aire ard oll airbrech ernes cach nolla.¤ / do buidnib balc Banba who grantest every large desire, Bruchst. i 24.7 ( IT iii 57.5 ). adhailg (aid(a)ilc v.ll.) fir urgnama .i. coire i.e. a cauldron is a necessity for a man who prepares food, Anecd.. ii 52.8 . ic imluadh a n-adhelge . . . ┐ a n-arm catha moving what was necessary for them, CCath. 4644 . a ffurtain do bhiúdh ┐ da gach naidhilcc aca, AFM v 1496.10 . = adhailcce, 1550.11 . ?róimh aoibhinn ar n-adhlaicne (: aicme), Studies 1920, 566 § 4 (perh. form of adailcne, see aidilccne). adhailg .i. mian, O'Cl. aidilg .i. mian .i. dliged, O'Curry 1970 (H. 4. 22, p. 15). = aidilg .i. main dligid, 569 (H 3.18, 284). In pejorative sense, demand(?), improper desire(?): con innisenn dó cen len / adlaice macc n-Israhél, SR 4608 = adlaice ┐ indliged mac nI., LB 122a36 . adlaici ┐ eccora inndligeda mac nI., BB 243a10 . ní hadlicgi álsidi / a ḟasnís do ócaib Ulad (ni hadlaic ailseda, St.) it is not a necessity of shame(?), TBC-LL¹ 4768 ( LL 11488 ).

adná(i)r

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adná(i)r or dil.ie/514

 

adj (ad + nár).

(a) very shameful: roég do ghalur iongnáth do badh adhnár d'aisnéis, AFM iii 142.2 . lá an Luain budh hachlán th'éara / athnár an uair aithmhéala, Dán Dé xxv 14 . Frequ. with LA: rob adhnar lá O. a oirccne do léccadh uadha, AFM v 1762.10 . ba hádhnair ┐ ba hathais leo, iv 902.25 . gur adhnair les a imisle ro bui se, Stair Erc. 1134 . is adhnair leisan fein the fian are much ashamed, CF 638 . As subst.: go ndearnadar adhnáir 'committed villany', Jeremiah xxix 23 .

adj (b) very modest: a ghnúis adhnár, O'R. Poems 573 . codladh adhnar aenaidc[h]e, Anecd. ii 24 § 9 . As adv. rosnas Ossín dó a chrand / co ha.¤ ` submissively ', Metr. Dinds. iii 248.86 .

ad-suidi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-suidi or dil.ie/579
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atsuidhim, adsudi, a-t-suidi, a-ta-suidi, -asstai, ad-suidet, ad-suiter, ad-dom-suiter, -astaider, ad-suidetar, adsuighidter, -astaiter, asta, -astad, adsode, a-ta-sode, -astae, -asta, -astat, roastar, -astatais, adsuife, -astaibther, adrosoid, atrosoid, adsaidh, adrodad, -asta, roasta, astide, astaithi, astad, fastód, astaid, fastaid, fostaid, astaigid, fostaigid, fastóid, -astád

v (* ad-suid-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 637 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atsuidhim, O'Curry 1066 ( H 3.18, 440b ). 2 s. adsudi, Ml. 114c6 . 3 s. a-t-suidi, Sg. 66a20 . a-ta-suidi, 64b3 . -asstai, Ml. 114a19 . 3 pl. ad-suidet, Sg. 4b15 . Pass. sg. ad-suiter. Ml. 68d5 . ad-dom-suiter, Thes. ii 3.33 . -astaider, Sg. 3a4 . Pl. ad-suidetar, ZCP xiii 22.11 . adsuighidter, Laws iv 142.z Comm. 144.2 Comm. -astaiter, i 30.27 . Ipv. 2 s. asta, LU 2983 . 3 s. -astad, Wb. 10d7 . Subj. pres. 2 s. adsode, Wb. 10a9 . a-ta-sode, 10 . -astae, Ml. 55a19 . 3 s. -asta, Ml. 126a6 . 3 pl. -astat, Wb. 29a16 . Pass. sg. with ro: mad roastar , Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. -astatais, Laws iii 2.2 . Fut. 3 s. adsuife, CMT² 30 § 29 n. Pass. s. -astaibther, Laws i 192.4 Comm. Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrosoid, Ml. 97d16 . atrosoid, 39a16 . adsaidh, O'Curry 469 ( H 3.18, 246 ). Pass. sg. adrodad, Laws i 52.3 . = atroadh, O'D. 19 ( H 3.17, col. 397 = CIH v 1897.11 , Contract Law 222 ). Pl. -asta, Lism. L. 2514 . roasta, LL 22122 . Part. astide gl. adpensum, Ml. 20a22 . Vbl. of necess. astaithi, Laws v 286.11 Comm. Vn. astad, fastód.

Later as simple vb. astaid, fastaid, fostaid. Also astaigid (fastaigid, fostaigid). Cf. fostaid, fostaigid. Occas. with long vowel in second syll.: fastóid, LU 2109 . -astád, TTr.² 1141 (see under fostaid). IGT Verbs § 64 , § 80, 106 . See also assoith.

(a) stops, holds back, detains, hinders: nach nastad in cretmech `let the believer not detain him', Wb. 10a7 . ci atasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', 10a10 . atrosoid gl. (se mali uicisitudine) suspenderit, Ml. 39a16 . ni astaider ┐ ni timmorcar fri slond nintliuchta gl. quae a nullo affectu mentis proficiscitur, Sg. 3a4 . atomsuide serc Dé, IT iii 51 § 95 . adrodad fri less na túad / isin port co bráth it has been detained for the good of the people, Trip.² 786 . asta dinetan fort cind stop a little while, LU 2983 . timchellaid . . . múr . . . ┐ fastóid (astaid, v.l.) anmand inna pectach, LU 2109 ( FA 17 ). coro asta na heonu cen togairad C. so that the birds were prevented from calling to C., LL 22122 . im amus ceneoil do denam de dus i n-astaibther no tuilithe do radh ris to know whether he will be kept or be regarded as an interloper, Laws i 192.4 Comm. dia mbed da clad íme . . . adsuitear leo `he is restrained by them', iv 158.3 Comm. . . . eoin ┐ énluithe Leithi Mogha do thiachtain cuigi isin crainnsin co n-asta uile acasom, Lism. L. 2514 . o samain co medón erraig ro hast ind imguin ultu, RC vi 188.15 . astaid da n-ag dibh he seizes two deer, v 200 § 12 . mad roastar cach mil díb i mbethu lasin merlech if each of these animals be detained alive, Ériu vii 154 § 3 . Intrans: asdofe (gl. no adsuife) ant ór ina broinn 'the gold will stick in his belly', CMT² 30 § 29 .

(b) Legal fixes, makes permanent or legal, binds, establishes: ni astat nadmann in diupairt bonds do not bind such a fraudulent arrangement, ZCP xiii 22.29 ( Bürgschaft 10 ). cenisnasta naidm na raith adasuidhe dliged law establishes them, 24.1 (§ 39). astud cáich hi coruib bel, ar ro buí in biuth i mbailiuth mani astaitis cuir bél if verbal contracts were not binding, ZCP xvi 176 § 6 ( Laws i 40.24 ). man[i] astat cuir bel . . . cia beth dono cuir bel and adsuidet adi, Laws ii 130.2 Comm. atsuiter cuir bél la Feine amuil ad-rodad Adam ina derbdubairt: at-bath in biuth uile ar aenuball `as Adam was bound by his deception' (i.e. the Fall was considered as a contract whereby Adam exchanged the immortality of man for an apple), ZCP xvi 177 § 13 . fosuid cach aititiu adsuidet folaid, Laws iii 10.8 . cona ndilsi feibh as dech atsaitar (no atsuitar) dilsi, Ériu ii 4 n. 46 . atait .x. nailche annscuichthecha atsuidet cach ndilsi, O'Curry 416b ( H 3.18, 229a ). ?adsuighe crích cadesin . . . ar id comarda criche insin that defines a `crích', Laws iv 142.24 . With FRI and FOR: it e trénailche in sin frisa n-astaiter bretha in betha for those are the strong rocks to which the judgements of the world are bound fast (i.e. which support the law), ZCP xvi 175 § 1 ( Laws i 30.27 ). nī nī nach breth berar . . . nad fri hapstal n-uasal n-astaigther (nascaider v.l.) i.e. no judgement is effective unless a holy apostle guarantees it(?), Corm. Y 1224 ( Anecd. iv 106.19 ). adsuidetar tra frisna [na]dmann so ┐ ni diuprat, is de ata adsuidet naidmann ┐ ni diuprat they are held binding (as valid) by these `naidms' but the latter do not guarantee fraud; therefore it is said `naidms' bind but do not cheat, ZCP xiii 22.11 ( Bürgschaft 9 § 25 ). is misech maine astaithur fri som(m)uine n-aircendcha he is entitled to do this when he is not bound by dues already given, ZCP xv 248 § 6 ( Laws ii 210.15 ). Cf. also: at-chíu a chlaideb . . . ina intiuch . . . conid fri crúaid n-aurrdric n-aister, BDD² 1037 . ni asta rudrad rugnassa . . . manab for ailchib udhpart astaiter, O'Curry 2471 (Eg. 88, 38a2). nach breath nad astaiter fors nach aei (i.e. on `fír' and `dliged'), Laws v 10.4 . Note also: atasuidi for sobus íar córus fine `he holds them (viz. the aforesaid dependents) fast to good conduct (i.e. he must see that they fulfil their legal duties)', Críth G. 341 and note. adsuide fis .i. dia festar for nech olc do denamh adsuidhe fiacha(ib) fair it makes him liable to fines, O'Curry 483 ( H 3.18, p. 251 ). cia met i n-astaither cach dib `to what extent each of them is confirmed in his rights', Laws iv 344.8 . Note also: mani astat in da recht peccad foir unless the two laws convict him of sin, Wb. 29a16 . With IN-: atsuidi neutur isnaib anmannaib in es a n-accomol fri neutur i n-immognom `their connexion with a neuter in construction establishes the neuter in the nouns in -es', Sg. 66a20 .

aidme

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidme or dil.ie/894

 

n = aidemm: gach aidhme ba hadailg ind eallmha las an luing ` equipment ', Hugh Roe 6.13 (fo. 1b) . aidhme .i. uradh trealamh, uirnis no culaidh, O'Cl. ?As adv. cinn na secht n-eladhan saer ro bui co haidme eolach aici `the seven liberal arts in which it was skilled and accomplished', Stair Erc. 1366 . Cf. adma.

airchor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchor or dil.ie/1753

 

Forms: airchair, aurchora

m. Vn. of ar-cuirethar. g s. airchair, LU 5093 . aurchora, 5764.

(a) act of putting forward, extending; extens ion: ni haurchor saegail damsa in breath ron-ucus, BDD² 216 `it is not an extension of life to me', p. 76 . dommí aurchur amsere, IT iii 53.22 ( FS Mackay 230 ). sutrall . . . for lassad co léir / . . . / iarna terchur fri dídnad / cen herchur cen airdíbdad, SR 4372 (for airchra?).

(b) cast, shot: focheird N. . . . aurchor dó, LU 5764 (TBC). focheird . . . airchur trén forsinn-ailig, SR 6154 . guma cuigi budein no berad in t-urcur, Laws i 6.8 . tārlaic urchor do gaī mór form-sa, Sc.M² § 10 . do-leci . . . tri haurchuru forru ┐ is traidiu dusfanic int erchor dedenuch quam in tossiuch, ZCP xx 219 § 5 . co táirthed . . . in n-urchur dollécéd asa thailm, LU 5160 (TBC). bla liathroit urcur faichi prim cathrach, Laws iii 252.17 (perh. in sense (c), Plummer MS. notes). bud aurchor deoraid sin ┐ ni ba hicht urraid, TBC-LL¹ 1288 . meni arrais din chétbulli no din chéturchur, 1282 . ro gab int inar ┐ tuc urcur isin tened de threw it into the fire, Cog. 142.16 . tuc rogha n-urchair di masterly shot, Comp. CC 121.16 . guro cuir in tond urcur dib . . . ic calad na hEperi `the wave cast them into the harbour of E'., CCath. 3360 . snidis urchor d'ōenuball dó, MacCongl. 51.3 . ro athchuirset da urchur . . . eturru, MR 254.16 . téid crann ó Dhonnchadh fa dheóigh / bann tar orchar in áirseóir, IGT Decl. ex. 1309 . aga imdhiden ar urcuraibh a escarnamud, ZCP vi 57.6 . toisech M. do marbad annsin d'oenorchur tsoigti, Ann. Conn. 1288 § 5 . díc uiscidhi co n-urchur saigte a fidhbac fora lethi `an arrow-flight in breadth', Marco P. 123 . gur tolladh . . . d'urchor d'ubhall í i bparrthas (of the human race as represented in Adam), TSh. 2549 . a.¤ imruill a shot that misses, see imroll. In proverbial expressions: orchar re haill a shot in the dark(?), DDána 93.6 . urchor i n-aghaidh ruaige flogging a dead horse(?), 101.29 . Fig. d'urchar aithrighe, DDána 58.6 . Of a person: slat an urchair ioldánaigh `scion of artistic cast', Arch. Hib. i 91 § xvi .

(c) As measure of length: aurchor snedar cach leth is é córus a airlise, Críth G. 219 . an turcar cuires uadha an boaire dhí sin (i.e. the cnairseach) ┐ aé na tsuighi a ndorus a tighi ┐ así maigin digona in boaire um a setaib, Laws iv 226.11 . teora foirge ┐ urchar flescaidh, 126.10 Comm. da cuaid M. ed urcair re cach advanced the length of a cast in front of the rest, Cog. 168.27 . ruc Créide . . . edh urchair do mnáibh Eirenn, SG 112.14 . See 2 ed. fot n-aurchora on cathraig a stones' throw. LU 9136 ( FB § 88 ). no téigtis fot n-ahurchara riam, BDD² 138 . buí fot n-ahurchara etarru, 300 . rót n-airchuir see 1 rout.

(d) Concrete, the dart or weapon discharged: honnaib cetnaib erchuraib gl. primis telis, Ml. 34a13 . erchoraib gl. iaculís, 75b8 . Note also: airchur arathir (air chura rathir MS.) gl. temo, Thes. ii 48.35 .

(e) ni dlegar fochruic na urcor dib, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, col. 439 ) (`? contribution, cf. English shot', Plummer MS. notes).

airdalta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdalta or dil.ie/1804

 

(quantity of second -a- doubtful). Part. of ar-dáili. appointed, pre-ordained, fixed, certain . In attrib. use: ben aurdalta, Corm. Y 1018 . úama irdalta, LU 1242 . cid ná tabraid in cauradmir ucut . . . do churaid úrdalta to one warrior or another, 8970 ( FB § 72 ). a righ n-urdalta their own special king, TBC St. 4697 . ag imrád in chatha ┐ na hirgaile urrdálta arnamárach, Fianaig. 76.22 . smacht urdalta cindte ro cindsett na hudair, Laws v 312.19 Comm. teanga urdhalta éigin some orderly language, IGT Introd. 3.16 . seomraidhe . . . urdhalta `prepared', Fl. Earls 70.16 . 'na easpocc urdhálta an appointed bishop, BNnÉ 275 § 256 . ni bi duine . . . gan a fhod urdalta airchennta oidhedha d'urmaisi, MR 268.22 . Less common in predic. use: dianid érdalta a haittreb, LU 2061 . gur bo herdalta ind imdegail-sin (of the protected position of an army), Ann. Conn. 1224.13 . is aurdhalta leo-sum dogrés in dí lá sin fri hoifrend they set aside those two days, LB 10a19 . is urdalta dó co faigbe a aided limsa he is certain to, CCath. 2805 . o rob erdhalta lais a mharbhadh since he was sure he would be killed, AFM vi 1978. 14 .

As subst. nach erdalta gona duine bis leo so whatever slaying of a man is purposed by them, TBC-I¹ 2807 . an irdalta sin (of a customary offering of gold), LL 278b47 . an t-iordhalta rá bhaoi agamsa dóibh what (food) I had intended for them, TFrag. 74.15 . dorinde úrdálta dímm has made me a condemned victim, Alex. 787 . do bui aca a n-urdálta nach inntóbadh cechtar dib do'n deabaid `they were firmly convinced', Celt. Rev. iv 120.7 .

? erdalta fo bruinnib bárc / tond mo tugi tracht mo fraig, LU 2973 .

airdedail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdedail or dil.ie/1818

 

n (dedail): ro bui int airdrig . . . ga n-astad ┐ ga n-irrdegail `restraining and keeping them apart', TTebe 2135 .

airdirc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdirc or dil.ie/1842
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airdairc, -erc, airdr(a)ic, urrdraic, urrdhairc, uirrdhreic, uirrdhearc

i(2 derc). Also airdairc, -erc and later airdr(a)ic. urrdraic, urrdhairc, uirrdhreic, uirrdhearc, IGT Decl. § 170 , oirdherc (see below).

I Adj.

(a) well-known, obvious, manifest: is airdircc í cach thír rocretsisi do día `it is well-known in every country', Wb. 1a3 . is irdirc for n-iress i cach lucc, 24c15 . hóre is irdircc far clúu `because your renown is conspicuous', 7c3 . erdairc gl. celebre, Ml. 25a13 . ruclé .i. erdarcai gl. conspicui, 36a10 . a ligi no a lecht and so / ni bad airdairc a Chruacho, LU 2846 . is e side romarbad la athair tria het amal as irdairc, Rawl. 124b51 . amhail as errderc ina beathaidh fein `as is evident in her own Life', AFM i 172.3 . brethnaigit . . . gur uo droch-spirut buī ag inotacht innti amoil ba hoirrderc i n-a dheghaidh `and that became evident afterwards', Fl. Earls 132.30 . cach éan mar a adhbha / oirrdhearc so is ['s] é leantar, DDána 98.1 . an sgēal-sa, do bhí rofhollus óirdheirc a Saxain an uair sin, Mac Aingil 1376 . In cheville: aurdairc rád, SR 5553 . airdirc scél, 5121 . Adv. ro cinded . . . do co urdairc, Laws i 238.17 Comm.

(b) renowned, famous, celebrated: Éndae airdirc (erdairc, irdraic, airderc v.ll.) Árne, Fél. Mar. 21 . in macc amra airdirc, Trip.² 2670 . is airi ni hairdeircc in F., 855 . úair bíd airdairc ic feraib . . . an dá gein sea, LU 4254 . bid airrdric (airdairc, LU) inti gebas gaisced and, TBC-I¹ 569 . ic taffund na hailiti urdaircc út .i. Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 1404 . na hilbuidni airrdrici, TTebe 1444 . macoem án aurdairc, TTr.² 1582 . ceithre uaithne oirdraca oirechais A., MR 248.9 . saii fial urdaircc aithesach, Ann. Conn. 1412.11 . dochum an uasail fhíoroirdheirc Tomáis de Rís `right honourable', O'Gr. Cat. 667.9 . ód ghairm onóraigh orrdhairc (to a bishop), DDána 90.15 . trí pearsain aoinDia oirrdheirc, 25.13 . canam molta don mhac oirrdhearc, 17.31 . dīa n-dernad in marbnaid erdraice, MacCongl. 91.26 . an bhfuil éinní oirrdheirc eile san mainistir as fíu a fhaicsin, Desid. 3217 . sosadh orduirc oiregda na hEirenn (i.e. Tara), `noble', Ériu iii 150 § 1 . In pejorative use notorious: in pheist irdairc úathmar, LU 2428 . ro brised in cath irrdairc uathmur ar O., RC vi 178.134 . an fhoghail ordhruic, Desid. 3681 . na .x. plága . . . irdraca, LB 118a25 . in lá erdraicc .i. lathi bratha, PH 3616 . Compar. airdercu laechaib Loegaire, LU 8294 ( FB § 22 ). cia bad irdarcu a mbeó . . . no a mmarb? . . . airdarcu a mbeó, LL 8709 (TBC). is airdarcu dúin sanas ná da neoch aile éigem, MU² 280 . nocun urdraca in air oldas in molad, O'Curry 1878 (RIA 23 P 3, 21(23)b). airdarcu epirt (lit. clearer than speech) perfectly obvious: is irdurcu epirt lim són air rofetar ní biedsi hi cobodlus la suidiu, Wb. 9b17 , cf. 28b32 . 31b4 . Ml. 122d7 . Sg. 23b3 . Superl. ni hiad is lanorrdraicea (of names), BB 39a9 .

II Subst. famous person or place: in t-airdirc (terrdraic, taurdairc v.ll.) a hAfraic (St. Augustine), Fél. Aug. 28 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc `their celebrities', CCath. 4409 . adfēd dō . . . a nīathu ┐ a nāthu, a nairdrici (a nairdirci, LU) ┐ a treba famous places, TBC-I¹ 622 . Perh. also: ardharc .i. suaitheantas, O'Cl.

airegda (-ae)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airegda (-ae) or dil.ie/1917

 

Forms: airechda

adj io, iā (3 aire). Also airechda. excellent, pre-eminent, notable: is ho Isaác dofuisémthar a síl nairegde, Wb. 4c7 . rann airegde inna anme gl. spiritus, 25c26 . inna ndule nairechdae, Ml. 87b21 . airechta gráda a cossa ┐ a lama, Thr. Ir. Gl. 37.14 = airegdai grāta, Corm. Y 1059 (92.19) . rí amra a.¤ , BDD² 1 . at-chíu flaith n-ard n-aireagdai, 1011 . na trí gillai óca ána a.¤ , MU² 74 . imm rigain . . . n-oiregdha, Aen. 376 . trí éoin a.¤ remarkable , LU 2008 . bá laithi n-airechdae léo-som ind feis Temrach notable , Trip.² 524 . teora gemai airechdai . . . .i. Colum Cille etc., 599 . deilge órda a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5684 . na cethri suailche airegdai noble, PH 4608 . na hocht sualchi erechdai, 6850 . fogeba . . . bethaidh n-a.¤ occumsa excellent, CCath. 3341 . a sosadh orduirc oiregda na hEirenn (of Tara), Ériu iii 150 § 1 . dá roicheam don bhrugh fhionnfhuar oireaghdha, DDána 70.18 . sircolladh do denum ar imdhaidh uasail oiredha `stately', ZCP vi 95.4 . is oirighdha aigeanta imchubhaidh do'n ealadhain si, MR 94.13 . feda airegda vowels (of the Ogham alphabet), see fid. principal, leading, first: se nechi a.¤ triasa n-insaigther iffernd, LU 2354 . secht mbaill oirida `seven principal members', Rosa Angl. 130.10 . i ccabhanuibh oireadha ┐ neamhoireadha na hinchinne ventriculis cerebri tam in principalibus quam non principalibus, 23 K 42, 290.7 . Adv. ata folmhughadh leanna fuair go hoireadha ionnta ┐ leanna duib go tanaiste, 392.9 .

Compar.: ciasu airegdu in fer, Wb. 11c17 . ni airegdu a persan som oldaas persan na nabstal olchene, 18d14 . in fót as airechdu són gl. superior gleba, Ml. 37d14 . erechdu són gl. procero, 53a16 . ar ba hairegdu leo a hadnacul hi Cruachain, LU 2915 . Superl.: is ē dēach is airegdamh dīb, Corm. Y 447 (38.9) . dealb is airechdam . . . būi for duine riamh, 1059 (94.13) . With form of compar.: do neoch bá sruthem ┐ ba hairegdu inna caurad, LU 4979 (TBC). int aenduine rob airechda . . . hi comamsir fris fein, Ann. Conn. 1306.2 .

airéirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airéirge or dil.ie/1922

 

vn. of ar-éirig. act of rising: maten moch iar n-uréirgiu, Ériu iv 150.16 . bui Cormac . . .oc uréirghi, RC xxv 28.1 . airérge ndorchai getting up in the dark, Rawl. B. 512, 37b (cited from Contribb.). Of rising up in token of homage: cia measom do cain tsaorraith? — manchuine ┐ ureirge, ZCP xv 240 § 2 = Laws ii 194.2 (according to the gloss here a client was bound to rise three times before his lord in token of fealty). dligid gach flaith urerge .i. taoibi no gluine .i. é 'na suide .i. trí seoit isin cétna nem-urerge for failing to rise the first time, O'D. 514 ( H 3.17, 417 -8). craumfes . . . .i. in cet aurerge .i. mad ro mheatha forsan ceile, O'Curry 876 ( H 3.18, p. 393a ). riar aurerge .i. fireirghe reme fa tri san enlo, O'D. 1010 (H. 2.15, p. 16). trí hurergi (in a list of dues), 511 ( H 3.17, c. 415 ). mine o sin amach ┐ urerghe (of a felmac) i.e. the student is obliged to be docile and to respect his tutor, Laws ii 354.20 Comm. ni do aithech doghniu-sa ureirghi, Lism. L. 1881 . amus a.¤ a special kind of servant : sechtmadh saire do amus urerge na bi rechtaire ┐ na bí fear coimsi acht a corp gnima fadeisin, O'Curry 2445-6 ( Eg. 88 36(37)c) . Laws ii 24.23 . ? aurgeirgi .i. aurnaidhe righ do gres dia manchaine, O'Curry 473 ( H 3.18, 248 ).

áirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirge or dil.ie/2027

 

Forms: áirmhe, áirghi

n (árach ?) See LEIA and also Lochlann ii 210 . aircche: āille, Ériu iv 61 § 55 . : áirmhe, IGT Decl. ex. 146 . áirghi f. IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) place for milking cows, byre, cowshed: do tét ind ingen . . . dond airgi búi oc sliab Miss, Irish Texts i 34.1 . luid . . . dia airge .i. ceppán i Sléib Mairge, 25 . eter a portaibh-sium ┐ a airgeda, Lism. L. 2917 . tuc lat do macc isin airge, Three Hom. 8.9 . seacht ndoirse ar a dhúnadh ┐ . . . seacht n-airghe fā c[h]omhair gacha doruis dīoph, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1393 . ? Of summer milking-places in the mountains: dul ó faithchi in senlis for airgi, Laws i 132.12 Comm. bui for airghi ┐ da bai dhec aice, Lism. L. 1267 . Transf. dairy produce(?): robaoi áirgi laisim o muindtir ┐ taiscit on muindtir `he had dairying and store of victuals given him by the monastery', Mon. Tall. 159.11 (§ 77) .

(b) herd of cattle: airge .i. armentum , Ir. Gl. 754 . olc lind bith cen airghi . . . ragaid di bhāi duitsi, Moling 41 . secht n-á.¤ leis .uii. fichit bo cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.8 ( SCano 8 ). conna farcaibset leis acht vii m-bai ┐ tarb bale i robatar na vii n-airghe, YBL 113b8 . go ttuccsat airgheadha ┐ greadha iomdha leó, AFM v 1288.5 . deoch acht crú a n-airgead nó a n-each / . . . ní fhuair M., Ériu iv 224.9 . mac Briain bhronnus airgheadha (: ailgheana), TD 16.11 . dá ró 'n-ar ndáil-ne Dia féin / ní bhia bó ná áirghe ar m'óidh, DDána 42.29 . ar sgaoileadh each nó áirgheadh, 74.64 . tréuda ┐ airighe, Gen. xiii 5 .

? trí hóenaig eserte: célide hi tig gobann, célide hi tig sáir, dul do chennuch cen áirche (airrdhe v.l.), Triads 74 .i. gan comhartha nó arra aige le gcennocha ní, p. 37 . Cf. áirithe.

1 airlann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airlann or dil.ie/2174
Last Revised: 2013

 

n [ā, f.] (air- + 2 lann Ériu xlviii 154 ) open space before a residence, fort or city: aurland Temrach, Ériu iv 124.5 . for blai (.i. faichthi H) óenirlaindni rom altsa, LU 10280 = for blae oenurlaindie, ZCP iii 235.17 . Cf. ní ar bhladh éan urlann (sic MS.) rom alt, Content. xxiv 7 . for urla[i]nn (faithce v.l.) an dúin, BNnÉ 4.2 . dún . . . tig Fechín amach forsin erloinn, RC xii 348 § 41 . forsan erlainn fri taob in regles[a], § 43. a irlann ┐ a fhaichti, Fen. 206.1 . d'aicthib ┐ d'urlannaib ┐ redib, TBC-LL¹ 68 ( LL 7610 ). for erlaind in baile, RC xiii 56 § 44 ( LL 300a40 ). dolluid M. for fordorus ind liss immach isin n-aurlaind, LU 8719 ( FB § 54 ). urland a liss d'ar `the ploughing of the front lawn', Ériu ix 46 § 12 . cena betha ac acra ar nech dul ar a nurlainn . . . uair dicomais cach nurlaind `green', Laws iii 252.19 Comm. urland sealb ┐ ceathra, iv 102.17 Comm. dochum in tobair . . . bui i n-urlaind in Sídha Nechtain, RC xv 315.7 ( Dinds. 19 ). Sadhbh . . . / finnbhean a horlainn Áine (i.e. from Áine Clíach), DDána 99.3 . os ferlannaib . . . prim-rédi in prephir . . . talmantai, MR 112.10 .

airnaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnaide or dil.ie/2294

 

Forms: urnaidhi, urnaithi, furnaidhi, furnaide, funnraighe

n vn. of ar-neät. urnaidhi, urnaithi (urnoighthi etc.) furnaidhi f., IGT Decl. § 3 . furnaide, funnraighe, Verbs § 83 .

Act of waiting for. Usually with gen. Occas. with prepp. bui alaili caillech doim oc ernaide D., Mon. Tall. 130.9 (§ 7) . bádar trí rígh . . . oca urnaideseom, BDD² 155 . matā Fer Diad ac ar n-irrnaidi, TBC-I¹ 2516 . ocot airnaide, RC xxvii 278 § 31 . oc ernaide lai brátha, LU 1845 ( RC ix 494.14 ). oc írnaidi ṡeóin, LU 4504 ( TBC-I¹ 21 ). urnuide ngill waiting for the delivery of a pledge, O'D. 102 ( H 3.17, 90 -1). ic urnaidhe in morcat[h]a, CCath. 4322 . ót urnuide, IGT Decl. ex. 198 . 'gum urnaidhe gá fhad bhia?, DDána 94.4 . cen irnaide `without pause', Metr. Dinds. iv 322.34 . urnaide co foltaib, co fiadnaise .i. urnaide do risin folaidh sin a fiadnaise fiadan, O'D. 749 ( H 3.17, 452 ). ga eadarguidi im anad ┐ im urnaidi aici `to halt and make a stand', MR 318.13 . cathir . . . ca tá Eriu ernaide on which all Ireland attends (of Tara), LL 4441 (= fo ḟail Héiriu aurnaide, Ériu iv 92 § 4 ).

With FRI: ic irnaide ra sétaib, TBC-LL¹ 6134 . nir' léicc a ferg do ernaidhe re a slogha, CCath. 3729 . i n-a.¤ : nir bo cian i n-irnaidiu di she was not long waiting, IT i 126.8 . nir bo chían in n-irnaide do Domnall co n-acca chuci . . ., TFerbe 671 . sciath fri homna i nernaidhe didean Brogha mac Míleadh perpetually defending(?), AFM i 524.16 . ? tri catha meic ardEchthach / cu Aed inna urnaide, LL 6891 ( SG 372.35 ).

Various. In sense of holding out, enduring(?): forusta fri hurnaide somuíne ┐ domaoine, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278 ) (`um richtige und (auch) drückende Leistungen auszu- halten (?)'). do'n ti is fearr tochus fri hurnaide a mbiata, Laws v 440.11 Comm. ` act of attending to, furnishing, providing ', Plummer MS. notes.

See furnaide.

airnecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnecht or dil.ie/2316

 

late form of vn. of ar-icc influenced by pret. forms. act of finding, getting: a.¤ .i. fagháil, ut est uraicept, ut buí in file ac a.¤ na healadhan úathu, Ériu xiii 65 § 46 .

airṡlíab

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airṡlíab or dil.ie/2403

 

n (slíab) `district in front of, or facing the mountain' O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 348 ; foothills, high land: ní bu airgech airslébe (eirlébe v.l.) / gēnais for medón maige `she was not a milkmaid of a mountain-side', Thes. ii 328.5 (Hy. v). amal tic banni dían dílend a hucht airṡlébi, LL 243b14 ( TTr. 1988 ). i mullach erslēbe, MacCongl. 125.35 . i fail airshlēbi, 95.24 . inn erṡlébe, LU 6909 ( SG 373.4 ). airm i n-adnacht 'sind aursléib, Metr. Dinds. iii 228.34 . mín a achaidh 'sa uirṡliabh, Top. Poems 68.2 . Íbh Eachach . . . idir fhiodhbhaidh is oirṡliabh, DDána 96.19 . re h-úaman a h-imána . . . dá h-íul ┐ d'a h-orlepthib (hoirrsleibtibh v.l.) fir-aithenta fein (of a cow being ejected from its accustomed pastures), Celt. Rev. iv 108.13 . ? boi a mathair ind inbaidsin i nairleba fri togairt, Irish Texts i 4 § 12 (= is amlaid robhui in máthair a n-indlobrai aracind-si, ┐ bui for airghi, Lism. L. 1266 ) (see O'Brien, Ir. Hist. Stud. i 348 . Gwynn, Hermathena xxiii 144 , would read i n-airle ba `in a cow byre').

airtem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airtem or dil.ie/2422
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airthema, airthem, airtim, artemu

n o, m. (? cf. Sprache xliv 43 ) (but cf. g s. airthema, LL 12540 ). Also airthem. n p. airtim, Sc.M² 23 . a p. artemu, ZCP xviii 297.7 . Name of a measure of length , (according to glossators the fist with thumb extended): a.¤ .i. feardorn ut est . . . airdide in t-a.¤ uasa .i. in feardorn, O'Dav. 129 . naoi nduirn a fot, a.¤ [a] leithe (of a joint of meat), Laws ii 238.14 ( ZCP xiv 348 ). a.¤ .i. airdiu de indem a eimh fair, in ordu as a chinn suas anairde, 240.1 Comm. ro erigh a lon laoich . . . comba sithremightir airtimh n-óglaigh, TBC St. 2328 (airnem v.l. see note). dodechatar a dí ṡúil asa chind combat sith[ith]ir artemh fria chenn anechtair, TTr.² 1475 . fot n-airthim os chind ind ḟir, RC xxii 398.10 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo et .vii. n-artim eter a da ṡúil, Ériu iv 26.9 ( LL 12483 ) = vii n-ardaim, BB 247a45 . secht n-artim fo thrí tadbain / gulban cach óen-eóin angbaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.25 . Perh. wrongly in: a cur ar muir . . . ┐ airtim tri ndornn ina laim do dichur aithite in aedhair, O'Curry 2250 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)b ) = geann orda tri ndornn, Ériu xi 98.22 . in biail innraic, a.¤ fod a genned, 884 ( H 3.18, 395b ). Note also: ro buí airther láime din claideb tri trúaill anechtair, in t-arther láimi sin . . . (airth—, arth—, MS), BDD² 1004 (ed. suggests reading airtem).

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