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2 aithne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithne or dil.ie/2754
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: aithgne, aichinte, aithennta

O. Ir. aithgne. io, n. Later f., and g s. also aichinte, PH 2910 . aithennta, ZCP vi 276.32 (infl. by 3 aithnid). Vn. of ad-gnin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 546 . IGT Verbs § 54 .

(a) act of knowing, recognising, perceiving; knowledge, recognition, perception: do aithgniu ┐ etarcnu dǽ treu, Ml. 42b13 . ar is hé as eola fri aidgne ind athar (gl. missit Deus Spiritum Filii sui in corda uestra), Wb. 19d9 . do thudidin do menman do aidgniu gl. quoniam benignitas Dei ad penitentiam te adducit, 1c15 . aithgne et adrad, 1b13 . cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu (leg. -in?) mignima, Laws i 238.14 . as ionad anma d'a.¤ , Anecd. ii 22 § 4 . ┐ iat ic aichne a n-inaid catha do congbail for they knew that their place of battle was being kept, CCath. 6143 . cen aithgne a litri có sin without knowing his letters, Trip.² 97 . a.¤ reanna ┐ úaithne ┐ úama, IGT Introd. 2.19 . robo dibreite aichne . . . in Baibiloin da togail it was inconceivable that B. should be destroyed, BB 6b53 . lucht aichinte Isu those who knew Jesus, PH 2910 . gin gur ghabhuis a.¤ uaim-si as reil dait though you weren't told by me, RC xliii 42 § 39 . do thaobh eólais is aithni, O'R. Poems 1202 . triur as lia iul is a.¤ (of the Trinity). DDána 25.6 . a.¤ thoile Dé, Parrth. Anma 3306 . aos aitheanta ar gceirdi-ni, Content. xxii 17 note . dom a.¤ to my knowledge, Aithd. D. 16.38 . Content. xviii 67 .

Less commonly with follg. AR: beas is mísí is olc aichní ar Isac perhaps it is I who do not know I. properly, BB 236b21 , do reir ar n-aithni-ne ar Conn as far as we know C., ML² 1426 . Cf. a.¤ ar chur ┐ ar chosg réime knowing about, IGT Introd. 2.6 . dlighidh a.¤ iomurbhádha . . . ┐ ar bhráithribh . . . dísbeaguidh, 2.30 .

Used like 3 aithnid: nī ha.¤ dhamh dhīobh díogha I know no refuse among them, O'R. Poems 3161 . a.¤ dhamh go bhfaghair . . . I know that you find . . ., Luc. Fid. 301.7 .

Transfd. of persons: an tú m'a.¤ `are you my acquaintance?' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 1 . ní mé bhur n-a.¤ `he whom you know', Studies 1922, 245 § 1 = Dánta Gr. 47.1 . bhur na.¤ ┐ bhur neamha.¤ those of you who are known etc., CRR² 13 . cabair . . . a carat na a lan-a.¤ , `intimate acquaintances', MR 238.16 . Cf. mo dhaoine aitheanta acquaintances , TSh. 4252 (3 aithnid?).

Transfd. meaning that by which something may be recognized; characteristic: caide ém aichne rinnairde? Fél. 4.26 . is si a.¤ na tunataide, Laws iii 98.2 Comm. cair caide airceand? .i. comaircim caiti a.¤ na aircinde itir, iv 138.y Comm.

(b) In more active sense of coming to recognise or getting to know: cloc focain cethra .i. . . . fo braigit dia n-a.¤ , Laws i 142.15 Comm. secht ndoirsi fora thichthe / ind laich nar hannsa d'aichne, Rawl. 87a11 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . ní ermadair . . . aichne adnacail a maicc she was unable to recognise, Trip.² 1441 . báttar iaramh ag a.¤ ┐ ag adhnacal a ccaomh ┐ a ccarat, AFM v 1646.27 . doním tar muir d'a.¤ uaim / a ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 242.23 . ar eagla h'aithennta for fear of being recognized, ZCP vi 276.32 . ar n-a.¤ Donnchaidh dhóibh, IGT Decl. ex. 670 . With vb. and AR, FOR: saig aithgne forru try to recognise them, IT i 144.24 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair conar bé Ailill the girl recognized that he was not A., IT i 126.9 ( TE § 12 Eg.). sáilim a.¤ ar an guth nglan / gan cruth a aighte d'ḟégadh I think I recognize (him) by his clear voice, Prolegomena 44 § 16 . míorbhuile máthar Íosa / iomdha fear fhuair a n-a.¤ got to know them, DDána 10.39 .

In phr. beirid (somet. do-beir) aithniu (d s.) with follg. accus. or clause recognizes, realizes, gets to know: ni beram achni (= achniu) aní sin we know nothing of that, LU 10100 ( Imr. Brain 64 ). aralégda (leg. araléga edd.) inda libra ar a mbelaib combo moude ronduca athgnu `let him read the books before them, so that he may gain the more knowledge of them(?)', Mon. Tall. 160.z (§ 79) . tresaní nad rucis aithgnu since thou didst not recognize him, Ériu ii 222.15 . na ber aichne, ar bid fír recognize it, for it will be true, Alex. 835 (with inf. pron. 3 s. n., no bera, v.l.). tuc an ingin a.¤ gurbh'e righ Erenn do bí ann, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . tucsad Gaill aichne cur' fír sin `perceived', RC xviii 299.4 (Tig.) du-s-rad a.¤ gur `he knew that', Fl. Earls 52.18 . Note also: aenoclach . . . m'a.¤ doberudh go becht, Prolegomena 44 § 15 .

Do-beir a.¤ for recognizes (of persons and things only): dobéra imorro cach duine thall aich[ne] for araile iar n-esergi, LU 2661 . sí sin aichni do-biur-sa forru that is what I recognize them for, TBC-LL¹ 1247 . as é sin do ber a.¤ ar galar in duine, 5508 . ní tucsatt . . . na manaig aichne for Colmán, BColm. 80.25 . ní thuc . . . a ech a.¤ ar a hechlais, IGT Decl. ex. 555 . léicid aithne co reveals one's identity to: ro léacceas m'aithne chuicce, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) iii 71.17. do leig a aithne chuca, Smaointe B. Chr. 5219 (seipsum eis revelat).

(c) recognition (in sense of recognition of a poet by his patron), generosity: an dáonnacht 's an deagha.¤ , O'R. Poems 71 . fear a.¤ na healadhna / urradh is fhearr le a cheathra, 1075 . nár dhamh . . . / gan mh'a.¤ dod ghruaidh ghairthe (of a poet), Aithd. D. 46.1 . benacht chugaibh . . . ar son na ha.¤ do-rin[n] sibh ar an dan so, Mackinnon Cat. 117.14 . tug séala athanta ar shleachtaibh . . . `recognition's seal', Ó Bruad. i 204 xvii .

(d) With subj. gen.: ba maith . . . enech ┐ aichne na mná generosity(?), LB 129a29 . Cf. as é . . . bud ferr i[n] aichni 'na einech (.i. bud fer ri aichni .i. ingne inntlechta) `whose wit was clearest in his countenance', RC xxiv 46 § 3 . fear h' a.¤ si a man with your knowledge, Oss. v 26.7 .

díbrethe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díbrethe or dil.ie/16051

 

Forms: dibrithi

adj (dí neg. + vbl. of necess. of beirid) not to be borne: dibrithi gl. importabilia, Ml. 58a16 . d.¤ aichne inconceivable, incomprehensible: robo dibreithe aichne la feraib in domain in Baibilóin do togail air rocumdaigedh gu treabar, BB 6b53 . bo dibrithi aichne . . ., Rawl. 74a44 . ro chuala Alaxandir scela a comairberta bith ┐ robo díbrethi aichne lais, Alex. 804 .

do-fíuschi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fíuschi or dil.ie/17644
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: do-fíusci, díusc-, do-fusci, dúsc-, diusciu, dofiusca, dofúisci, do-fúsci, diuschi, dosfiusced, diusaig, dúsced, corodusce, nomdiusca, dúsci, arnachandusca, nimdersaigi, condid-diusgea, donfosca, n[d]ersaigter, dīuscad, nduscide, dosruisces, doriusaig, dersaig, condom-dersaig, dersaig, rodúsig, doníussaig, dofúsig, do-foisich, do-foisidh, rondúsaig, dofíussig, roduiscestair, roduisccedh, dofhuscēba, dofhuiscēba, rondūisgfe, dúscad

v (*dí-uss-sech-) In Mid.Ir. do-fíusci, díusc-. Also do-fusci, dúsc-. Indic. pres. 1 s. diusciu, LL 122b36 (rhet.). 3 s. dofiusca, ACL iii 297 § 46 . dofúisci, Arch. Hib. iv 206.23 . do-fúsci, IT i 126.23 (LU). ní diuschi , Sg. 6b27 . Impf. 3 s. dosfiusced, Trip. 408.6 = Hy. vi 34 (dosfiuscad, v.l.). Ipv. 2 s. nachan diusaig , Rawl. B 512, 116c7 . 3 s. dúsced, PH 5826 . Subj. pres. 2 s. corodusce, LU 9225 . nomdiusca, TBC-I¹ 634 . rod dúsci (as ipv.), LU 3593 . arnachandusca, Hib. Min. 78.23 . (With RO) nimdersaigi, TBC-I¹ 634 . 3 s. condid-diusgea, Wb. 4a6 . donfosca, Hy. vi 5 (but see do-foscai). Pass. día n[d]ersaigter , BDD² 1080 . Impf. 3 s. nāch dīuscad (dusced, LU), TBC-I¹ 638 . Pass. ara nduscide , LU 3291 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. dosruisces, TBC-I¹ 3474 . 3 s. doriusaig, BDD 101 , IT ii2 103.36 . ro dersaig (dedersaich, dodersaig, v.ll.), Corm. Y 883 . condom-dersaig, SG 318.26 . ní dersaig , IT i 126.20 . rodúsig, 74.11 . doníussaig, Trip.² 2762 . dofúsig (do-foisich, do-foisidh, v.ll.), Imr. Brain § 2 . rondúsaig, SR 6690 . dofíussig, TBFr. 117 . roduiscestair, RC x 70.12 . Pass. 3 s. roduisccedh , CIH vi 2218.11 . Fut. 2 s. dofhuscēba, TTr.² 99 . 3 s. rel. dofhuiscēba, RC x 92.12 . rondūisgfe, ZCP viii 207.5 . Vn. dúscad.

Wakes.

I Intrans. dofúsci A. tráth teirt, LU 10758 (TE). ní dersaig co trath teirt ara bárach, 10755 . doriusaig iarom assa chotlud ┐ atraracht, BDD 101a . ní laimti-seom dīuscad, co ndūisced a ēnur till he should awake of his own accord, TBC-I¹ 426 . rodúsig in gilla iarsin assa chotlud, RC viii 58.1 . amal rodúiscset som bá ina curach bátar, ix 492 . dofíussig assint shúan, TBFr. 117 . diusces (dúisces, diuchtrais, v.l.) Poimp asa codlud, CCath. 1469 . dūscid Conall asa nēl, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 38.7 . do dhúiscestar Tadg, SG 321.15 . rodhuisigh for shomenmain he awakened in good spirits, Ériu iii 158.3 . dúscid Medb ┐ dúscis (trans.) Ailill ┐ adfét dó in fís, TFerbe 378 . Of the pulse starts: dodhúisigh in pulsa go laidir a gcedoir, 3 C 19, 81 vb 12 .

II Trans.

(a) dosuisceosom a ngol their weeping wakes him, TBC-I¹ 442 . nīmdersaigi fri ūathad, nomdīusca fri sochaidi do not awake me for one; awake me for a number, 634 . dochuaid arsin co rodúsig in ríg, IT i 74.11 . atracht mocrach arnabarach ┐ doriusaig a coimmilidiu, ii2 103.36 . ? rod dúsci suan (ro dúsci, v.l.) rouse up sleep (i.e. from sleep), LU 3593 ( SCC § 30 , see note). Cf. ro dusig suan, 3612 (ib.). huasal trínóit donfosca may the Holy Trinity awaken us, Hy. vi 5 . ní dúiscenn ní asa codlad iad, RC xxiv 380.2 . condomdersaig as mo ches erchor meic Ch., SG 318.20 . dofusich an téicsinea as a cotlud (sic leg.), O'Gr. Cat. 94.15 . in tí is frithairech, dúsced in cotultach, PH 5826 . bess bidh he dofhuisceba as bar cotlud, RC x 92.12 . intan bad santachu leis cotlud comad and noduiscithea he, YBL 191b11 .

(b) starts (game or prey): duísgit na gadhair míl, Cóir Anm. 214 . rodhúiscetur in cullach, Fianaig. 64.11 . duisgathar leo cairfhiadh cosluath, Gadelica 279.38 .

(c) resuscitates, calls up (the dead or evil spirits. More commonly do-díuschi in this sense): dofúisci a bas . . . in moirseser marbh, Arch. Hib. iv 206.23 . mairb dosfiusced (dosfiuscad, dosfuisced, MSS.), Hy. ii 34 . dosfuisigh iat a bbás, Lism. L. 100 . Glass mac Caiss . . . is é rodersaig (dodersaig, Laud) Patraic . . . iarna guin, Corm. Y 883 . ho rodiusaidh P. Eochaig ó bás, ACL iii 24.23 (cf. Trip.² 2084 ff .). an rodūsaig do marbaib . . is mó mīlib, 303 § 11 . mairbh a talmain nodhuscebad, RC xiii 6.8 . dūscid féin dó an fert[h]igis, BColm. 74.8 . noco chretiubsa . . . do Dia . . . nó coro dusce C. damsa, LU 9225 . tu rondúsaig na marbu, PH 1357 . ro-dusig demnu tria druidecht, 2198 . duiscebaid in coimdiu fáid . . . amal Moysi duib, 2267 . acht go ndúisgfinn é ann sa lá deigheanach, John vi 39 .

(d) arouses, excites (of anger or other emotions), calls into being: níta cumacc do cháingním condiddiusgea in spirut nóib, Wb. 4a6 . (of the letter `h') ní diuschi fogur amal consana, Sg. 6b27 . roduisccedh fuil fora gruaidhi 'blood has been aroused onto his cheeks', CIH vi 2218.11 , Cáin Ónae 42 . dofhuscéba Grécu `thou wilt arouse' (i.e. to war), TTr.² 99 . cidh dia ṅdúsci i n-ar n-agaid in fer noem, PH 783 . bail a ṅduiseochar hi t'agaid . . . cech ni, 7819 . co nduiscend se ferg Dia, 7720 . dofiusca ar fe[i]rg fichdai friu excites our fierce anger against them, ACL iii 297 § 46 . diusigsiu iarum fich feirgi . . . iter mo macaib-sea, TTebe 174 . o Baibiloin duscaid drend, Lec. 369a42 . nech diuscai debuith dia brathair, 3 B 23, 24b1 . samhail dá ghnúis do dhúisceadh díoghrais, Keat. Poems 879 . ná dúisigh feasta ár bfala, O'Gr. Cat. 534 . dúsgaidh foilmhe fuath gcarad poverty awakens the hatred of friends, 532.2 . dúiscter lesin sraedaigh sin an brigh ainmidhe, 181.22 . an té do dúisigh an ealadha . . . (= qui suscitavit scientiam), 250.6 . dementiam excitat .i. duisgidh saobhadh céille, 22 K 42, 250.2 . in saothur . . . dhuisges an teas nádurdha, 23 A 14, 124.13 .

? for-díchlanna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? for-díchlanna or dil.ie/23535

 

Forms: fordiclandadh

v depopulates; ravages: pass. pret. ro fordiclandadh ┐ ro togladh ... in Baibiloin la Cir for Ballastar BB 6b47 (Rawl. omits the first verb). Cf. for-diuclainn.

fuidel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuidel or dil.ie/24768

 

Forms: fuigell, fuighell, fudell, fuidle, Fuidell

n o, m. remnant, remainder ; acc. to Thurn. ZCP xiv 392 vn. of fo-díla; acc. to Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 110 an adaptation of Welsh gweddill `remnant'. Found once in Glosses ( f.¤ scél, Thes. i 6.16 ); in later MSS. commonly written fuigell and sometimes confounded with fuigell (O.-Ir. fugell, fugall) `judgment'; for an instance cf. breth i. brēt .i. fuidell, ar is fudell nach aile in brēt, ar rosfuc nach aile remand in ṁbreth (i.e. a `brét' [fragment] is what is left by someone else and similarly a judgment is based on precedent), Corm. Y 109 = breth .i. fuigell ar is fuigell neich ele in breth, LB 264a2 ( Thr. Ir. Gl. 6 ). Cf. fuigheall (ó dhá chéill), i.e. representing both `fuidel' and `fuigell' IGT, Decl. § 53 .

(a) that which is left over; a remnant , often folld. by part. gen. and commonly used of food: ba himdha fuidhel for slaitt | hi taigh i mbith mac [B]laithmheicc `leavings of plunder' (?) AU 670 = fuighell, Tig. 670 , fudell, CS 667 (perhaps slaitt here is used of the cooking spit; if it = slaid the rime is imperfect, but of course not impossible in a poem of the class). dia forraib fuidel fo leith | a loscud duib if aught be left over (of the Paschal lamb) SR 3919 . do fhiafraig B. ... in roibhi fuigheall acu ó linn na cascc, Lism. L. 1378 . leis fudell mo rúanodo `he shall have my champion's leavings' ZCP iii 214.6 ( LU 9670 ). fuigell na haine ... a tabart don acurach, Ériu v 22.13 . no gur chaith fuigheall feisi Teamhrach an oidhche sin (of a king returning in triumph) ML 88y . gan fleadh ... acht an fuigheall do bhíodh d'éis Danar da sásughadh féin di, Keat. iii 2773 . ná samhail fleadh re fuigheall, Aithd. D. 49.38 . íosuid ┐ biaidh fuighioll aca, 2 Kings iv 43 . is hí thuc lé coirthi Chamchaille .i. fuigell an roith the remaining fragment ZCP viii 332.14 = fuidell, LL 331b53 . fuidel, Rawl. 157.44 . is do fuidheall in tuir dorignedh in Baibiloin , BB 300a29 . foigheág d'ḟuigheal chuaine Cuinn scion of the survivors of Conn's brood Aithd. D. 25.11 . With gen. of pers. (of what is left uneaten at a meal): bérthair dam ┐ tinne di immach ┐ mo fuidell sa, LU 6989 ( BDD 63 ). o roscaith ... ní ba lor lais don bíud sin, dorat dóib a ḟuigell cum manducasset ... reliquias dedit eis PH 6712 . dfuadar a sáith ┐ do mhilleadar a bfhuigeall don bhia, ZCP ii 552z . fācbait secht clēib d'fuidlib de (cf. Matthew xv 37 ) SR 7655 . batar .xii. cliab dia fuigill occu, LB 149a6 ( Matthew xiv 20 ). pl. (in distributive sense): cf. fuidli [fuigli v.l.] faidbi, IT iii 75 § 37 , which Meyer renders `schnelles Aufräumen' Bruchst. i § 44 . aithenna .i. fuidle na crand (i.e. splinters), Corm. Y 76 . nipsa cháu sa imlomtha fuidell a hound that cleared away leavings (gnawed fleshless bones) LU 9327 . Folld. by gen. of ÁR or similar word, of those who have survived or escaped from slaughter, etc. (cf. use in d below): fuigheall a c[h]laidim no a chatha, Caithr. CC § 58 . gur bho fuigheall gaoi ┐ cloidhimh [d'Eogan] é (of a warrior with many wounds) ML 140.31 ( ML² 1921 ). d'iarsma ┐ d'fuighell áir gallócclach nGearaltach, AFM v 1826.6 . fuighioll áir m'aosa cumuinn `my last surviving friend' Studies 1918, 452 .

(b) pl. fuidle the remaining (days of winter; see fuidlech) : sméra dubha 'sna fuighlibh, BNnÉ 153.1 (cf. LU 9725 cited s.v. faílech). A somewhat doubtful ex.

(c) that which is supplementary, extra, still to come: trí cháoga damh ... um chaoga muc da ffuighioll `with fifty pigs thrown in' Duan. F. i 15. 12 . iomdha peacadh nach léir leam ... na bhfuigheall many sins unknown to me besides A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 17 . d'eagla go mbeith fuidheall péine ré a íoc i bpurgadóir air, TSh. 5849 . do réir bliadhan a nfuighill `according to the years that remain' (until the year of Jubilee) Levit. xxvii 18 .

(d) folld. by gen. of abstract noun in certain idiomatic expressions in sense outcome (of) while in this use it can often conveniently be rendered `object,' the basic notion is `what has survived (a process)': fuigeall beandacht brū Muiri, ACL iii 244 § 1 ( Aithd. D. 49 ). fuighell beandachtan Dé duind | altóir Padraic `the consequence of the blessing' Leb. Cert. 54.1 . fuidheall beannacht a bhiodhbhadh `the object of his enemies' blessings' TD 17.54 . fuighell mallacht fer nEreann uile `object of execration to all the men of I.' (viz. John Tiptoft) Ann. Conn. 1470.9 (i.e. `a person upon whom the ... execrations of the Irish had been heaped' O'Don. iv 1068 n.). fuigheall formaid fuil Dāluigh, Irish Texts ii 103 . fuigheall formuid fonn Sligidh | bés dó ... | cinnemhuin tnúith na timcheal, TD ii 220 ( 23 L 17. 53a ). fuigell faitbidh a laughing-stock Celt. Rev. iv 20y . Cf. an mac mallachtach ... ┐ in fuigill fill ┐ fingaile, Grail 3102 , and: conar fāgbad in claidem sin a fuighell buille (i.e. that its blow should be immediately fatal ?) 3201 R (which seems the better reading). For other exx. see TD ii 220 . Here probably: is tochrádh é gan fhuigheall `unmitigated suffering' [without result, useless ?] O'R. Poems 2828 .

As alleg. n.pr. m.: Fuidell mac Fiadmire (name of a steward) IT iii 244.41 .