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baithis, baithes, bathais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baithis, baithes, bathais or dil.ie/5268
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: baithis, batis, baitse, baiste, bhaistte, baithius, bathais, baithes, bathais, baithis, baithis, baithes, baitsi, baithis

n m. and f. (Lat. baptisma, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 220 ) a s. baithis, Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). g s. batis, LU 2998 (H). baitsi, Trip.² 76. baitse, Ériu xx 160.7 . na baiste , Trip.² 97. in bhaistte , Lism. L. 2835. d s. baithius, Wb. 12c39 . bathais, Blathm. 170. baithes m., IGT Decl. § 38 (87.20) . bathais baithis f., § 150 .

(a) baptism; the order of baptism, the baptismal rite; in looser sense, faith, creed: cerudglanta (leg. -glante ? edd.) tri bathis, Wb. 4a6 . tre baithis, 14c19 . tris in iris fosissetar i mbathis, Tur. 43. husce . . . asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91. ro erlég in mbathais, 94 . baithes Pátraic faith, religion, Fél. Apr. 5. bathes már Maicc Maire, Jan. 6 (bathais, baithis, baithes, v.ll.). Pól i mbathis brethae, 25 . tria muir na baisti ┐ na der[g]martra, BColm. 104.22 . baithes ┐ comna, Laws iii 32.30 . o baithiss by baptism (a name), LL 371c3 . ro tréigsiot . . . a mbaithis Críostaídhachta, TFrag. 126.19 . téit fo baithis is baptised, is named: intain diagmani fo baithis, Wb. 3a15 . Tur. 55. ceni teisi fo bhathais `though he had not been given a name', Blathm. 668 (MS). Cf. in drema bui cen baitssed riam . . . tancutar chuice fo bathis, PH 247. do-beir baithis (do) baptises: ar ba Patric dubert baithis du Ch., Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). Cf. nī mad tardad baithis tonn / tairthī caithis ind-úairib, ZCP xii 296 § 4.

Attrib. g s. Pátraic . . . athair baitsi ┐ creitme fer nErenn, Trip.² 76. mo c[h]enn battsi, BColm. 82.28 . Eoin baitsi John the Baptist, Lism. L. 3325. Eoin Baisde (: gaisde), Dán Dé xiii 7 . IGT Introd. 14.29 . comus ṗingni baisdi baptism fee, Hy Maine 78.7 . bond baistte (a tribute payable to clergy), BNnÉ 265 § 230 . screaball baithis Pádraig, Keat. iii 377.

As quasi-vn. oc baithis na hi Brigti, Vita Br. 2. a mbai Patraic oc bathis Lugne, Trip.² 827.

Of a heathen rite: gur chansat an mbaithis ngeintlidhe, Cóir Anm. 251 (p. 392.29) . atbert in drui triasin ṁbaithis . . ., ZCP ii 134 § 5.

(b) By association crown of the head: mullach cinn .i. a baites, Bretha § 2A . ó mullach mo baisti / go hingin mo coisi, Laud 615, 55 (cited Contribb. 187 ). o bathis coa bunn, LL 30592. o bhonn go bháthais, TBC-LL¹ p. 369 n. 5 (H, Eg.) = o mullach co talmain, text. in baithis gl. uerticem, Gild. Lor. 248. in baithes gl. cephale, 83 . benais a bricín da baithis ┐ sgáilis a folt, Fianaig. 72.30 . robuail builli . . . a mbathais an doirrseora, ZCP vi 276.14 . mo chathbarr . . . / gach én gébus má baithis / ní bia fó aithis móile, SG 248.26 . gríos beo do bháidh ar dtreise / do-cháidh tre bheo ar mbaitheise cut us to the quick, DDána 81.1 . bonn a chos ris an aird soir ┐ a bhaitheas ris an aird siar, TSh. 5758. For the phr. lann baithise the fontanelle , see 1 lann.

bíathad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíathad or dil.ie/5835

u, m. vn. of 1 bíathaid. act of feeding; maintaining: amal as toisc fri biathad na forcitlaide `to support the teachers', Wb. 31d17 . do biathad bocht, Thes. ii 334.14 . is becc an bolcg-sa . . . ┐ is doilig rí do bíathad de, BColm. 60.12 . basa brugaid bíata dám (rhet.) a hospitaller providing food for companies, Fing. R. 496. fer cech n-aidchi dia mbiathad . . . in fer toesech in biatta, Ériu iv 26.3 , 4 . é féin do bhiathadh do bhiadhaibh séimhe soineamhla, TSh. 561. ag biathadh na gcloch do bhíodh san teinidh orra plying the (cooking) stones with them (sc. pieces of meat), Keat. ii 5109. Fig. in sisma . . . do biathad itir na saorchlanna `to nourish this . . . schism', Caithr. Thoirdh. 9. 24 . is granna duit beth gom brath ┐ gom bíathadh `baiting or luring me' (Plummer MS. notes), BS 60.20 .

Legal: leth a chinad immurgu fair ar biathad ut est: [bera] fiachu leptha for nech biathas [bid]baid (of liability incurred for maintaining an outlaw), ZCP xv 360.23 (Caratnia 45 Comm.). biathad ┐ methad feeding (swineherds) and . . . fattening (pigs) (of work performed by woman or housewife, see Thurn., Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34 ), Laws ii 366.20 .

Feeding, refection, of the obligatory provision of food for the stranger and his `company' on a journey; the particular foodstuffs to be provided and number of accompanying persons entitled to maintenance depended on the status of the visitor , see Críth G. p. 76. (of the `ócaire') bíathad deise dó di as ┐ grús nó arbaimm; ní dlig imb, Críth G. 115. is a lín bíata bís lín for coí, 400 . (of servile debtors) na dlegait biathad acht bochtan, no urchaelan, no bairgen huasal laithe, cona handlonn, Laws i 106.1 . uair dlegar dona gradaib flatha biatha gin ímcomarc `the chieftain grades are bound to entertain without asking' (i.e. without questioning those who seek sanctuary), iv 263.6 .

Food-rent which a nobleman or landowner was entitled to from a tenant or base client in return for a fief , see Críth G. loc. cit. refection for the fief i.e. annual payment-in-kind (Thurneysen), ZCP xiv 336 ; refection as a legal due from tenants, subjects, etc. to the chief, the amount and periods being fixed by law or custom or agreement, Plummer MS. notes. See also Études Celt. xii 514. biathad airech, Laws i 122.11 .i. na ngrad flatha, do neoch is flath cetgiallna, ar aine . . . .i. o ceilib na n-airech `the food-tribute of a chieftain . . . it has a stay of one day', 126.24 - 25 Comm. b.¤ dá ráithi ó ríg Cruachan dó-som (of the king of Cashel on visitation to vassal states), Leb. Cert.² 34. císa . . . bésa ┐ biata ríg Temrach, 1469 . ní dlegar do Ūib Gusān . . . bīathad ríg Midi `to provision', BColm. 64.20 . biathadh aidedh tuaithi na duna, Laws iv 18.9 Comm. rotbía tír lind cen chís, cen biathad cen ṡlóged, Ériu iii 140.17 . a chuairt-sean ┐ a aimsear bhiadhta orra, Keat. iii 2636 . biadhadh bocht is nocht, Keat. Poems 1411.

b.¤ grinde, crinde baptismal refection (?): caite in ḟled deoda . . . biathad grinde (no c written over g-, MS.), glossed: biad cretme .i. bathais .i. log in baistithi, SM Facs. 47b17 ( Laws iii 18.18 ) = biathad crinne .i. logh na baisti in tan is im linn ┐ im biadh doberar, O'Dav. 504.

búain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búain or dil.ie/7248
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: búana, buaint, béim

f. vn. of boingid. g s. búana. Prob. orig. ā, f., GOI 454. b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 149. bérla na búana (without finite forms, these being supplied by do-alla), Verbs § 32 . buaint, O'R. Poems 3300 , Oss. iv 170.8 . In later lang. replacing béim (vn. of benaid) in vn. constructions (see TSh. Gloss., etc.). Cf. béin.

(a) act of cutting, breaking. Of plants: cutting down, reaping; crop, harvest: dornán buana manipulus, Ir. Gl. 502. bacc buana fínime, Sg. 62b10 . lathe búana, Thes. ii 334.3 (Hy. v). scena búana aíne, Críth G. 177. i n-aimsir na búana, Rawl. B 512, 142a (cited Contribb. 283 ). bibhsiutt buain cech raithi (fig. etymol.), RC xii 106.1 . méit chléib búana, LU 6953 ( BDD 58 ). methel . . . oc buain, IT i 41.36 . oc b.¤ na luachra, RC xxv 28 § 10. ar ┐ buain, BB 11a4 . olann na caorach . . . iar na buain di, Laws iii 376.z Comm. do-chúaidh . . . / do bh.¤ bhuindén, IGT Decl. ex. 824. Of drawing, delineating: ar bhuain ghréasa `for doing her needlework', O'Hara 4167. dealbh dragain . . . arna buain ar taeb in tuir `cut on the side of the tower', ZCP vi 284.29 . nī héidir a ccosmhaile . . . do bhuain lé pinntéoireachd, Parrth. Anma 1287. fioghair na croise do bhuain ar a éadan, Eochairsg. 43.8 . Note also: ag buain both breaking up shielings (in order to go to war), Aithd. D. 5.4 . IGT Decl. ex. 473. gan búana, gan chís, gan cháin exactions (?), Harl. 5280, 51b (cited Contribb. 283 ). ? ar taiscid gu h-uain athairec iar mbuain, BB 277a 33 = iar n-uari, Leb. Cert. 184.8 .

(b) In uses approximating to those of béim: ni teiged bem . . . gan a buain do Ch. i cleithi i chind, TTebe 2527 . buain béime ar mo bhogha-sa, Content. xxiv 22 . ic buain cluig, Laws v 22.6 Comm. timchell chluig Ave Maria do bhuain, Fl. Earls 188.5 . ? ní háil bas do bhuain umha expld. as `ní haon chabhair bheith ag gearán,' DDána 77.28 and note ( Aithd. D. 14.28 ) (on the death of two patrons). ? clocha némaind in chuirn chláoin / cuirm Í Maíl Brénuind gá mb.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 356.

(c) In vn. constructions with follg. prep. introducing indirect obj., freq. in sense of taking away from, depriving of, etc.: buain mhela a mecnaib iobhuir (attempting to) extract (in list of vain undertakings), Anecd. ii 72.7 . in gnim do buain astu `getting the work out of them' (oxen), Laws iii 270.9 Comm. rethid A. dia bein asin crund ┐ femidh a buain as (a spear), Aen. 3150. dar mbuain a broid to save us from bondage, Dán Dé xv 18 . iasocht bunaidh do bhuain air to obtain a permanent loan from him, DDána 69.7 (see 1 ar). buain a deala ar Dhia depriving her of God's love, Dán Dé xxiii 28 . ga buain oruinn taking it from us, Aithd. D. 56.11 . badhbh ag b.¤ chrú dod chrúisigh getting blood off your spear, IGT Decl. ex. 578. fá Mac 'gá bhuain don bhan-óigh `being taken from', Dán Dé xx 46 . ar mbuain a eididh de, Stair Erc. 1023. buain righe d'Ó Ruairc, BNnÉ 289.29 . ic b.¤ duilisc do charraic, ZCP v 497 § 11. a cend do buáin d'Eoin Baisti , Maund. 83. buain ceille do chabhair despairing , Stair Erc. 1537. ar mb.¤ cheille d'Ḟ., Acall. 5266 v.l. (' ar n-esbaid . . . F., text). ar mbuain ó chomhghar a chéile, O'Hara 2877. a bhúain ón táoibhréim iollraidh it is derived from the genitive plural, IGT Introd. 29.5 . Note also: ag buain an gai ind striking him with the spear, TTebe 1018 .

(d) With meaning completed by follg. prep.: o buain as gl. ag . . . slan o cull gelding, Laws ii 238.22 ( ZCP xiv 347 ). a dalladh ┐ a buain as 'blinded and emasculated', AI 438 (s.a. 1450.5) . buain a bosaibh wringing of hands, Aithd. D. 95.32 . buain a síoth Sagsanach profiting by (?), LBranach 5353 (see note). go buain t'oidhre dhar n-iomchar till your heir concerned himself with . . . (?), DDána 40.22 . le buain dod bhiodhbhaidh in conflict with your enemy (?), 14.13 . ag buain fa bheith i n-easard concerning himself in an argument, Content. xxv 1. b.¤ fāt fheidhm, O'R. Poems 30 `to tackle your strength', notes. an finnealbha ar mb.¤ fa brón plunged in grief, Rel. Celt. ii 266.19 . buain fá chéile take a husband (?), Hackett x 4 , cf. 11 . beart da buain fūm as dū dam something must happen me (?), ACL iii 236 § 6 ( Aithd. D. 62 ). nir lamsat buain friss they were afraid to go near him, LB 234a63 . ar mb.¤ guine an ringcne ris when the spearpoint touched him, IGT Decl. ex. 1200. gan bhuain re torchar ag tuinn `no produce is driven in by the wave', Rel. Celt. ii 234.30 . gach aén bhall . . aga mbeith buain no báidh le Saxancoibh `connexion or alliance', AFM vi 2056.3 . ní fhuil buain ag briathraibh Sh. ria, TSh. 4329 `do not refer to', Gloss. buain i dtagra `interfere', Content. xiv 16. an toil . . . / buain uimpi ní bog an céim, Dánfhocail 265 `to run counter to it', Gloss. ? lór uaibh ar chách mar chionnta / buain iompa a ttráth na teannta, O'Hara 2108 (see note). a n-airm . . . ag buain dar aigthib sciath, TTebe 4115 .

(e) b.¤ amach act of extracting, obtaining: trí longa do longaibh Gall . . . do bhuain amach `were captured', AFM ii 958.6 . cáin nó díol do bhuain amach i n-éiric . . . an loit, Keat. i 68.47 . do bhuain a chríche féin amach `regain', ii 2569 . ren a buaín amuigh, BCC 220.

? crinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? crinne or dil.ie/12963

n biathad grinde (c over g, SM Facs. 47b ), fuirired n-aigid de, Laws iii 18.18 .i. biad cretme .i. bathais, 26 Comm. , cited s.v. c.¤ .i. ainm do baisti[d], O'Dav. 504 .

follaigid, failligid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. follaigid, failligid or dil.ie/23113

Forms: faill

v g (cf. 1 follach, and faill). In O.Ir. dep.

I Neglects, omits, fails (to do): intí ... follaigedar a t[h]imnae (= qui praecepta neglexerit) Ml. 129a2a . arna follaigdis gudi ṅDae (= ne neglegant) 113d5 . In Laws, of omission, evasion: cuic seoit hi lobud cacha hathgabala ... noch fil tri seota cacha tratha ro follaigther "five `seds' for neglecting [to redeem] every distress ... and there are three `seds' for every day that it is neglected [to be redeemed]" Laws i 102.7 . flaith folluighther `the chief who was neglected' [i.e. whose `céile' has evaded his obligations] ii 196.27 Comm . (Of fences:) munu folluighther ima ndenum iarna trascuirt, H 3.17, c. 287 ( O'D. 379 ) = muna follaiged a nemdenam, Laws v 270.20 Comm. má feichum folluigus `if it be the plaintiff that neglects' [ = omits to perform] ii 72.18 Comm . Cf. ro follaightar cach besa cen a imdegail neglected to shelter him O'Dav. 675 .

Of omitting to keep an appointment, seize an opportunity, meet a challenge: an inbuidh ro dailistur dam ... mad ro faillighedar in dam bodesin (i.e. if the invited guests failed to come), Laws ii 30z . i n-oenló ... ro dālsatsom ... ni ro follaiged leo-som dano, ScM. 5 (niro failliged ... leosom inní-sin, Rawl.). ní ro failliccheadh lá hUa N. an ní sin go riacht ... `O'N. neglected not this opportunity, but proceeded ...' AFM v 1576.2 . gealltor gleo d'fhein fhionnUladh | ni leo fein do faillidhedh, ZCP ii 338z .

Cf. srian ris an gcóir congéabhaidh | a triall go fóill foilléabhaidh, PBocht 19 § 13 .

Of neglecting a person: dia follaigthe cu ciana inna ṡuidiu cen ḟoglanad if he were left untended (of a child) LL 117b21 ( Irish Texts i 33 ).

II Sets aside, bars (?): imsai ... cach righi on gabhail co setchi mina fallaigh fal fingaili ... no diultad baisti every kingship turns (alternates ?) from one branch to the other unless there is a bar of kin-murder or apostacy Leb. Cert. 110 (= BB 273a13 ).

forbrecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forbrecht or dil.ie/23389

n (1 recht ?) : conidh de imsaí cach flaithis ... on gabhail co setchi, mina fallaigh fal fingaili [nō] f.¤ for naebhu nó diúltad baisti ` oppressing of saints' Leb. Cert. 110.17 . Cf. foirb ?

2 ingen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ingen or dil.ie/28652
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ingen, inga, ingu, -ingin, hingin, ingni, ingne, hingne, ingine, ingin, ingnea, ingni, ingne, ingní, ingne, ingen, ingean, -ingned, hingnib, inginibh, inga, ionga

n ā, f. n s. ingen, Sg. 46b13 . Laws iv 90.y Comm. inga, Fél.² lxxvii 16. ingu, Laws iii 352.7 Comm. -ingin, Anecd. i 8.7 . a s. go hingin , ZCP xii 387 § 11. g s. ingni, ingne, LU 6551 - 2 . na hingne , Laws iii 352.3 Comm. ingine, iv 146.5 Comm. d s. do ingin , Sg. 217a7 . n p. inna ingnea , Ml. 87b11 . ingni, IT i 120.3 . ingne, BS 32.x. v p. a gerr-ingní , IT iii 102.21 . a p. ingne, i 79.46 . g p. ingen, SR 888. ingean, Anecd. i 38 § 104. -ingned, IGT Decl. ex. 1403. d p. dona hingnib , Gild. Lor. 197 n. d'inginibh , O'Curry 1161 (< H 3.18, p. 461ab ). Mid. Ir. inga, Mod. Ir. ionga. See IGT Decl. § 54. 11 .

(a)

(Of people) a nail (of finger or toe) ; (of birds or beasts) hoof, claw, talon ; a (metal) nail: dona hingnib gl. ung[u]es, Gild. Lor. n.197. cruba, cróga ingne, Sbuir, Eg. Gl. 123. i.¤ ab ung[u]e , O'Mulc. 720. inna ingnea mmoitha gl. tenerae ungulae, Ml. 87b11 . cróa [man. al.] i.¤ `a hoof, a nail,' Sg. 46b13 . do ingin gl. ad ung[u]em, 217a7 . cét n-i.¤ for cach oen baiss, SR 888. ni chorcu m'ingne, IT i 79.46 . inga mor bui fuirri amal ingin chon (explanation of name Coningen), Fél.² lxxvii 16. secht meōir cechtar a dā lām co ngabāil ingni sebaicc co forgobāil ingne griūin ar cach nāi fo leith dīb, TBC-I¹ 2036. lon Droma Seghsa ... | fúair bás i crobaib m'ingean (Hawk of Achill speaking), Anecd. i 38 § 104. congeil i.¤ fri fiacail `a nail rates with a tooth,' Laws iv 90.y Comm. ma ro benad barr a meoir o bun na hingne, iii 352.3 Comm. mas o duban suas ro benad de a ingu, eiric bain beime ann, ocus ingu eit don timpanach ar son aithgina `if it was from the black upwards his nail was cut off him ... and a wing-nail (shall be given) to the harper by way of compensation,' 352.7 Comm. caithchi cethra tra ... caitche a n-ingine, ocus caitce a n-adhairce the trespasses of their hooves ..., iv 146.5 Comm. ingni corcra córi cruindgéra lé, TBC-LL¹ 212. go ro bertsatar ingni na tarb ferchubat fir i talmain é arna bás, 6155 . ō mullach mo baisti go hingin mo coisi, ZCP xii 387 § 11. do ráinig tríd an móin ...gan ingne a eachadh dfhliuchadh, ii 556.11 . asbert in rí a chorp uile do scerdiud o ingnib iairn, LB 279a53 . Hirusan atach n-ingne .i. in uair bis in luch isin froighidh ni bi aigi-sium acht gabail da ingnibh don froighidh `the attack of claws,' Tromd. Guaire 738 - 40 . níor deargadh le hingnibh each | ... do leirg dtonnbháin, DDána 68 § 4. ná bí gan ionga a gcúl do chomharsan, Gadelica i 128.615 . cosa ... con n-ingnibh lángera leoganda, Stair Erc. 1237. ag gearradh an ghaiste dá ngobaibh ┐ dá n-ingnibh, TSh. 3910. giodh bé ar bhith roinneas a n-ionga `whatsoever parteth the hoof,' Levit. xi 3. In phr. ingen forbairte (?) (disease) quittor (?): d’eslainte cos tosuigh na n-ech ... inga forbairte , Celtica ii 34 § 9 , cf. 50 § 12 . don ingin forbairte. ┐ is maith a’ leiges air a fennad ┐ a nighi d’fual brén go cenn 3 la ł 4, ┐ a nighi d’fhúal úr o tsin amach. ┐ is maith a’ leiges air a losgad ina tighib fiara ┐ a nighi d’fual bren gach laei o tsin amach 'concerning inga forbairte [? quittor]. A good treatment for it is to lance [?] it, and wash it with stale urine for three or four days, and wash it with fresh urine from that on. Another good treatment is to burn it in transverse lines and afterwards to wash it daily with stale urine' 38 § 15 , ( 52 § 18 ). But cf. don ída forbaide (furbuigi, v.l.) .i. eslainti fhasas ar na hechaib os cinn a n-ingin, Celtica xvii 115 § 6 .

As npr. : I.¤ ┐ Ette (names of two birds), IT iii 243.248 .

Legal : ingen ar méraib the name given to descendants beyond the son of the great great grandson, i.e. collateral kin beyond the third cousins ( BBCS xxxvii 138 n. 6 ): ite fine cacha tuaithe, geilfine, deirbfine ... glasfine, i.¤ ar meraib, Laws iv 282.z . i.¤ ¤ ar meraib ... dedlaid fri fine, conranna-side finnteda on med addaimther i fini `it separates from the family, but it obtains a share of the family land, inasmuch as it is acknowledged as of the family,' 286.1 . is si in derbhfine amuil ro gabh bruinne in duine ... ┐ is í in innfine amuil ro gabhsat na da. dorn, ┐ isí in i.¤ ar a méruibh amuil ro gabhsat méra ┐ ingne, O'D. 548 (< H 3.17, c. 436 ). óthá athair ┐ mac co senathair for cūlo ┐ frithrusc a frithisi coruici i.¤-ar-mēraibh, Ériu i 215.17 . Somet. found without `ar méraib' : cion brathar for brathair ... ┐ cion indua for innua, ┐ cin ingne (.i. a da mac side) for ingin, O'Curry 2293 (< Eg. 88, fo. 22aa ).

(b) a clove of garlic: mad fir-caindend, se hingni dec cacha bairgine `if it be real garlic there are sixteen cloves to each cake,' Laws v 40.11 . dobretha mid ┐ ingne lossa di co ndeirgenae a ruidiud `mead and cloves of leeks were given to her until she blushed,' RC xx 284.13 (ACC). ingne gairleoige do berbadh ar uisge, 23 K 42, p. 354.4 - 6 .

COMPDS. ¤bóthur hoof-track: ar slicht in tṡluaig ┐ i n-ingenbothur na tánad, TBC-LL¹ 4930. ¤chruinn having rounded nails: bas i. fa cael croind | Mael finnEchlainn cas Conoill, Irish Texts ii 10 § 31 . having rounded hoofs: le heach n-i., L. Cl. A. B. 99.170 . ag ríadh sdéd n-ingeanchruinn n-óg, IGT Decl. ex. 1689. ¤derg having red nails: sduadh inghin-dearg abhramhall, DDána 49 § 12. ¤ḟota : Aimirgin ingen-fota .i. di ingin foda buí foru meor, O'D. 412 (< H 3.17, col. 314 ). ¤gér sharp-clawed: srónmhael ... ingingher slemain ... geirfhiaclach ... (of a cat), Tromd. Guaire 768. sharp-hoofed: ó chroibmearlúdh bhoirrthe each n-ingeinghéar, DDána 70 § 13. gan graifne ar ngreagh n-inginghéar, Measgra D. 51.42 . ¤glain having gleaming nails: Fallec is Iachtan cen ail | da mac Ebeir ingenglain, Rawl. 77a37 . ¤glaine gleaming of claws: lór ingeanghlaine na n-éan, Aithd. D. 9 § 7.

lucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lucht or dil.ie/30908

Forms: locht, luct, luchta

n u, m. Also locht. luct, Wb. 12b18 . 14b6 . g s. luchta, Laws i 34.18 Comm . IGT Decl. § 72.

I Contents, charge . Of cooking pot: in cētl.¤ . . . rolāad don indiūn . . . In l.¤ tanaise dorala don teinid randais iterum , Corm. Y 1018 = Corm. p. 35 . milsem lochta airigid `the sweetest part of a meal is the honorific portion', Tec. Corm. § 31.27 = Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 19.22 . in l.¤ / tri cét mucc is tri cét bó (of cauldron of Dún Cuirc), Metr. Dinds. iv 336.7 . bruith in lochta, Rawl. B 512, 48a (Plummer MS. notes). molt rismbenad ucht araile / ba hé l.¤ in choire cóeim, LL 296a26 ( SG 362.16 ). da dam deac l.¤ in chori, 4983 . mír dotluchestar dind l.¤ , Thes. ii 339.3 ( Hy. v 47 ). tricha haige l.¤ in choire sin, RC vi 187.15 . fodaleth in l.¤ isin pauperibus, Irish Texts i 4.10. a 11 . saille, Thes. ii 334.1 ( Hy. v 27 ). tricha aige ina chrōis / ised sin fo l.¤ dó, Ériu ii 20.11 . intan . . . ro himpadh in l.¤ [ro bói isin coiri], RC xxvii 292.21 . ni tallad in l.¤ don tinig, RC x 220.3 . Cf. [i] l.¤ .i. a coire, O'Dav. 236.

Of ship cargo: is a lochtaib coirib inlongathar eathar, Laws iv 378.7 . eallach cach eathair co na fuiluing a l.¤ , v 490.11 . long mhor . . . fa na l.¤ do shíol eorna, Rel. Celt. ii 204.26 . a long fa l.¤ maitheasa, PBocht 23.47 . Pilib an long re gach l.¤ , O'R. Poems 1902 . l.¤ a arthraig do breith les a ngaduigecht, BCC 239 . gur scuireadh a scafa . . . go l.¤ , Ó Bruad. iii 174.8 . long láidir nár láadh a lacht as `whose cargo never was unloaded', Ó Bruad. i 168.y . Also complement: Luigaid Mál ro cuired a Herind l.¤ cethri loṅg co hAlbain, LL 22587 . rachuaidh Hercoil l.¤ nói long fata, 223a29 ( TTr. 452 ). l.¤ luingi dib do badad, Ann. Conn. 1247.12 . l.¤ na loingsi the crew of the fleet, ACL iii 309.7 . romarbsad l.¤ da eathar `the crews of two boats', RC xviii 188.32 (Tig.). mór an l.¤ arthraigh Éire, DDána 107.1 . rugadar san bháirc . . . / críoch na Niall d'éanl.¤ uile, 3 . tángadar Gaill i gCaoininis . . . l.¤ trí fichid long a líon, Keat. iii 2472. Hence vessel: in l.¤ ebernecdha do ghlanad ┐ do thirmugad .i. long Samsoin, Ériu v 154.166 .

Miscellaneous applications: ná falaigh orainn t'ucht geal / a l.¤ molaim ōs gach mhudh, Magauran 304 . na broind imairces in locht rena dingbalta a marbad (of the precious stone carried by the swallow), Celtica ii 73.131 . l.¤ na gcló the load carried by the nails (of Crucifixion), Aithd. D. 98.8 . fear luchta `a porter', Dinds. 64 (Edinb.). rug sí tríur dénl.¤ she bore three at one birth, Ériu v 80.29 . See lámann.

II People, class of persons, category (nearly always with defining gen. or clause).

(a) With follg. gen. Earliest meaning no doubt those occupying, inhabiting (and hence also possessing). luct Corint the people of C., Wb. 14b6 . áos túate ┐ l.¤ na sencheld, Mon. Tall. 137.5 . do locht na fearand, Laws iv 218.21 . l.¤ toice rich folk, DDána 45.4 .

Of household, occupants of castle, etc.: imthússa lochta na brudne, LU 7898 ( BDD 149 ). iss é l.¤ inn óentigi, LU 3984 ( SCC 45 ). fordiuglaim lochta in phuirt . . . eter dáine ┐ indile occupants, LU 9086 ( FB 83 ). l.¤ . . . cach imda, LL 3567 . tech itá lan locht can locht, Ériu vii 220 § 9 . l.¤ in chaslein, Ann. Conn. 1246.8 . l.¤ brogha `the complement of any house', O'Hara 1058 . go mbí duine uchd re huchd / cuire a l.¤ isin longphurt, IGT Decl. ex. 460 . taisech lochta tighe Tairrdelbaig `chief of the household', RC xviii 161.28 (Tig.). dux lochta tighe Cathail Croibhdeirg, AFM iii 241 n. h = toisech teaghlaigh, 240.15 . onóir . . . lochda éintighe Dé (of angels), Parrth. Anma 2211 . l.¤ an lis-sin (of Hell), DDána 29.30 . Also those belonging to, pertaining to: nítat apstil huili luct inna æcolsa, Wb. 12b18 . cāch co l.¤ a laithi contemporaries, Fél. Ep. 48 . l.¤ baisti Crist Christians, LL 215b29 . l.¤ in betha, Laws i 42.22 . l.¤ na tuaithe common folk : a bescna . . . lochta na tuaithi, v 12.19 Comm . l.¤ in tsoegail, PH 1672 . os cinn lochta a coimleabair classmates, BCC 48.10 . l.¤ cumhachtai `folk of might', RC xii 76.y . l.¤ na sé n-aimsear uile `the Six Generations', PBocht 14.39 . l.¤ h'aimsire your contemporaries, L. Cl. A. B. 59.9 . l.¤ aithenntais, Eg. Gl. 16. Those doing, doers of (actions): fiad l.¤ na n-etarnade `those lying in ambush', Thes. ii 354.9 . l.¤ fíra `compurgators', Laws v 492.23 . ar daigh lochta fira dagbail, iii 142.6 Comm . l.¤ in chogair ┐ in ḟill `the conspirators and traitors', Fianaig. 72.3 . l.¤ chogaidh foes, PBocht 18.11 . l.¤ feasa `sages', 14.12 . l.¤ iuil acquaintances, 2.23 . mo l.¤ leasa `advocates', 21.15 . DDána 30.9 . mo l.¤ míorúin my foes, 46.35 . l.¤ selga hunters, RC xxiii 396 § 1. l.¤ an toibhéime, L. Cl. A. B. 64.154 . maruid fós ferta Coluim / liaide da lucht uradhuill clients, Irish Texts ii 87 § 1. In some cases phrases have a quasi-permanent character and may indicate members of professions or recognised occupations: l.¤ na bairddne poets , TBC-LL¹ 3086 . l.¤ ech horsemen , SG 245.29 . l.¤ cumuinn friends , L. Cl. A. B. 83.53 . l.¤ aoinfheadhma is aonfhuluing (of Fer Diad and Cú Chulainn), DDána 104.21 . l.¤ do dhiomdha your foes, 20.7 . luchd formaid Dé, IGT Decl. ex. 1315 . l.¤ na mbeannacht `the Blessed', PBocht 25.40 . l.¤ na heiseirgi, RC xxviii 320 § 47 . l.¤ faghla in gach aird d'Éirinn, RC xlix 172 § 24 . l.¤ each . . . l.¤ nglac, Butler Poems 767 - 9 `horsemen . . . men equipped with forked weapons' (Notes). l.¤ éinleabtha bed-fellows , DDána 20.8 . l.¤ fáirte friends, Dán Dé xiii 2 . lán dho l.¤ ḟuinn musicians, Butler Poems 301 . l.¤ slighedh `envoys', CCath. 385 . l.¤ na slighedh travellers, RC xlvi 229.33 . 230.11 . l.¤ uird religious, Études Celt. i 80.10 . ITS xxix 125.23 .

(b) With follg. vn. clause those who (perform certain actions, are engaged in certain occupations): l.¤ adartha, LU 8401 ( FB 28 ). l.¤ airgthe . . . ┐ crecha ┐ cuarthaigthe gacha cúigidh ┐ tabairti giall ┐ braigdi, Comp. CC 121.13 . l.¤ aslaig ┐ urála, CCath. 523 . l.¤ altruim Chuinn ┐ Conn, DDána 105.5 . l.¤ céaddachair do chosaint those who bore the stress of war, DDána 107.34 . l.¤ a breathnoighthe, L. Cl. A. B. 206.98 . l.¤ cháigh i gcogar do chailg `folk who calumniate their neighbour', Aithd. D. 74.20 . l.¤ coigealta ar gceart n-ordhruic, L. Cl. A. B. 163.22 . l.¤ coméda na long, RC xviii 168.2 (Tig.). l.¤ comhōil corn drinking party, Duan. F. ii 336.1 . l.¤ churtha ghleó gáibhtheach `the fighters of perilous battles', 398 § 104. l.¤ cosanta 's comhroic, L. Cl. A. B. 39.26 . l.¤ dealuighthe Diabhail those who have chosen the devil(?), DDána 29.29 . l.¤ dénta an uilc, ITS xxix 195.37 . ní l.¤ déanta cúntair corma / Búrcaigh Bhanbha, DDána 111.39 `no folk to buy ale are the Burkes of Banbha', Ir. Monthly 1929, 371.39 . l.¤ eadrána fheirge an áirdríogh, DDána 34.7 . l.¤ a n-éistechta listeners, PBocht 25.33 . l.¤ na n-eisteacht toileamhail `voluntarii auditores', ITS xxix 127.3 . l.¤ feithmhe gach airde air, L. Cl. A. B. 158.139 . a l.¤ furnaidhe `those who are waiting for him', Studies 1919, 258 § 21 . l.¤ na gabhála the captors, L. Cl. A. B. 45.35 . l.¤ iomchuir cuinge Críosd, PBocht 8.22 . da l.¤ iomtha dob fherr locadh rivals, L. Cl. A. B. 197.29 . l.¤ a leasaighthe, DDána 104.8 . díoth leis a l.¤ míréire (of God), Dán Dé xxviii 34 . do l.¤ mholta an chodhnaigh, Aithd. D. 76.16 . l.¤ oileamhna an reachta ríogh `the Guardians of the Royal Law', PBocht 24.10 . l.¤ t'oilemhna those who brought you up, Irish Texts ii 108 § 40 . l.¤ tuillim edala, BCrólige 12 n. 13 . In a number of cases the relation between l.¤ and the vn. is more permanent and the phrases indicate professions, fixed categories of persons: l.¤ díoghla, L. Cl. A. B. 204.49 . l.¤ coimhmeasa rivals , 206.81 . l.¤ frestoil waiters , 239.61 . an l.¤ comhruicse these opponents, DDána 5.3 . l.¤ coimeda = custodes, Smaointe B. Chr. 5913 . l.¤ taistil in mhara Innecdha, Marco P. 153 . l.¤ bratha, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 35.33 . l.¤ teagaisg `teachers', Proverbs v 13.

(c) As ordinary antecedent of rel. clause (cf. O. Ir. indí). l.¤ céssais cen chinaid, Fél. Jan. 17 . l.¤ fris failti feraim, Ep. 49 . co farctais . . . cloch in lochta no mairfitis occi, LU 7037 ( BDD 68 ). opar in lochta asa cuit seo, LU 4351 . in l.¤ robatar hi ferand ┐ hi foscudh báis, Trip.² 4 . is baeth in l.¤ condránaic frit (of one person), TBC-LL¹ 1296 . ind lochta lúaidset din tṡlait, Metr. Dinds. iii 252.135 . is bec nar briss cinnu ind lochtae boi oc coistecht friu, RC xiii 6.11 . tar cend in lochta ro-t-croch, PH 173 . a l.¤ do bhí 'na bhaile / lér mian ceard is comhnaidhe, Studies 1924, 85 § 5 . gach l.¤ agaibh dá raibh riamh ann, Oss. iv 40.24 .

(d) Without qualifying gen. or clause: ni coir dídnad dondala l.¤ et troscud dond l.¤ ailiu gl. non enim ut aliis [sit] remissio, vobis autem tribulatio, Wb. 16c20 . cach ni do berur . . . don l.¤ so, Laws ii 46.7 . dond l.¤ sin, LU 2171 ( FA 25 ). i llamaib in lochta sin, PH 2850 . athfuabairt Atha luain lasin l.¤ cétna, RC xviii 57.29 (Tig.). neach ar a mbiadh fear 's a l.¤ / ní ris badh caithte t'urchar, Content. xvii 3. in l.¤ abhus, Duan. F. ii 162 § 31 . nach gabur athgabail in lochta romhuinn of the former (parties), Laws ii 46.20 . Cf. correcad lochta ┐ fulachta, TBC-I¹ 3646 perh. = lochta ┐ fo-lochta high and low meet a common fate.

With follg. adj.: indtsamhluigh thú féin ris in l.¤ chraibhdheach, ITS xxix 112.26 .

Compds. ¤grinn: mac Éibhir ghluinn-bhinn lucht-ghrinn (sic leg.) ró-nirt, O'Rah. 88.245 . ¤lethan: co facca . . . na longa lucht-lethna, CRR 11.

muinter

Cite this: eDIL s.v. muinter or dil.ie/32754

Forms: muntar, montar, montar, muinter, monater-, moniter-, montar, manu-tera, muntar, montar, muinter, muntair, muntir, muintir, muntaire, muntairai, muntire, muintire, montar, muinter, muinntear, muinter, muintera

n ā, f., O.Ir. also muntar, montar. A word of disputed derivation; (a) acc. to Thurneysen, Thurn. Hdb. § 905 , montar and muinter represent respectively monater- and moniter- < Lat. monasterium (monis-); so also Hessen, ZCP ix 11 , Pokorny, ZCP x 203. (b) acc. to de Jubainville, RC xxv 2 , montar (muntar) < *manu-tera `that which is under the hand, i.e. the authority'. (c) Vendryes, ZCP ix 296 suggests a native origin, Celt. *moni cogn. with Ir. muin `protection', see 1 muin (c) above.

In O.Ir. the stem appears with palatal and with non-palatal -nt-: n s. muntar, Wb. 21d1 , 26a12 , 27d12 , 31b7 . Ml. 94a6 . montar, Wb. 7c5 , 21c22 . muinter, 7b9 , 14a5 , 25a6 , 26d14 , 31d16 . a d s. muntair, Ml. 29d7 , 46a20 , 61d7 , 71c16 , 76c9 . muntir, 142a3 . Wb. 24b31 , 26d5 , 30a4 , etc. Sg. 30b11 . muintir, Wb. 11c8 , 16c11 . g s. muntaire, Wb. 21b12 . Ml. 61c2 . muntairai, 85a4 . muntire, Wb. 21c4 , 30b16 . muintire, 28d21 . g p. montar, Thes. ii 254.10 . In Mid.Ir. the form muinter (often written muinnter) prevails. muinntear, IGT Dec. § 12 (p. 62.9) .

In general sense a community or group of persons connected by some common bond , hence esp.

(a) a family or household (including servants), corresponding to Lat. familia: gl. familia, Ml. 61d7 . Sg. 30b11 . di muntir Cessair (= de Caesaris domu), Wb. 24b31 , cf. 30a4 , Ml. 76c9 , 112d7 . cona muntir (= cum fratribus), Wb. 14a19 . oís muntire (= domestici), 21c4 , cf. 28 d 21 . fer muintere (= famulus), 33a5 . fer muindtire, Laws i 6.16 . in fer muinteri [muintire LU] . . . .i. mo chú, TBC-I¹ 535. betit mnaa can a muntera , LL 48a10 ( SG 373.1 ). no roinntea in biad . . . itir in fírmuinntir no bíd ann, cen co beth ann acht int athair no in mathair cona cloind, LB 155b34 . do cheangail . . . screaball ar gach teach muinntire every household, Keat. iii 1556. 'n-a athair mhuinntire (= homini patrifamilias, Matthew xx i ), TSh. 6339. mic mhuinntire (= sons still under parental authority), 5120 . muinntear .i. clann, O'Cl.

(b) in wider sense, followers, adherents, party, attendant troops, etc. asberam-ni ammi muntar dait-siu, a Dae (dicemus nos tuos esse), Ml. 94a6 . do díabul ┐ dia drochmuintir, LU 2344 ( RC iv 250.9 ). fer do múinntir Ísu .i. Petur, PH 3111. oes gráda in rig ┐ a muntear tairisse, 384 . radis Medb fria muntir ar co ndigsed láech dib, TBC-LL¹ 1567. muinntir Heseciah, Proverbs xxv 1. muirḟecht .uii. xx. long di muinntir righ Gall, AU 848. Of a set of chessmen: ni gonfa-so mo moindter-sa . . . ni ruba fer dia muinter, Ériu v 32.23 , 24 .

(c) often of the disciples of a saint collectively, a religious community or monastery (= Lat. familia, see Plummer, V. SS. Hib. i p. cxii ). la muntir Patraic, Trip. 240.22 . caillech dó muntir Brigte, IT i 43.13 . for muinntir nAirdd Machae, AU 830. ar tomailt torith na muindtiri the produce of the monastery, Mon. Tall. § 77. fer muindtiri `one of thy monks', § 36 . a laim muindteri Eoin Baisti the Order of St. John the Baptist, Maund. 35. ag muintir Eoin Baisde, AFM iii 654.12 . By analogy of a pagan community : sacart do muntir Baich a priest of Bacchus, TTebe 64 9.

(d) of inhabitants, etc. muntar nime, Wb. 21d1 . i n-óentu muintire nime, 9c28 (cf. PH 4357 , 6520 ). eter muntir nime et talman (= quae in caelis sive quae in terris sunt), 26d5 . hí figuir noe montar nimæ (= the nine celestial hierarchies), Thes. ii 254.10 ( Stowe M. 65b ). na teora muntera .i. munter nime ┐ talman ┐ ifirn, Trip. 118.19 . Righ na tri muinnter, RC xxviii 322 § 49. muinter na catrach, FB 82.

(e) in later Irish sometimes of an indefinite number of persons temporarily grouped for convenience: an mhuinntear théid don tsaoghal sul doghníd lóirghníomh those who die, TSh. 6272. ar an muinntir chuirios fios chugad to them that send, Proverbs xxii 21. déunaidh urnaighthe ar son na muinntire bhuaidhreas sibh, Matthew v 44.

(f) of a single individual, one belonging to a `muinter' (family, community, kindred, etc.), a servant, adherent, partisan, etc.; cf. analogous use of cétmuinter. fersait faelti móir fri muintir Mongán (i.e. M.'s messenger), LU 11021 ( Imr. Brain i 52 ). ni bat munter dam thou shalt not be servant of mine, RC xiv 412.3 . mo Chrítóc cáin m.¤ servant (of God), Fél. May 11. ba múinnter do Christ a friend (of Nicodemus), PH 3677. furtacht carat ┐ fírmuintire, Acall. 7262. digde ind caich ro cradis manip muindter `if he be not one of thy monks', Mon. Tall. § 36. muinnter d'Eiremhon caem Cobha C. was of the kindred of E., Ériu x 81 § 48. pl. mairfet-sa far muintera your folk, Metr. Dinds. iv 64.96 . dobéra a muintera | doc[h]um an mesraigthi (of Christ), ZCP viii 211.1 (perhaps families, communities). ríoghan as mhó muintera (of V. Mary), Ir. Monthly 1930, 662.32 . not-berum tairrsi cot uile mhuinnteraib we will take thee across (the sea) with all thy followers, Lism. L. 1817.

oc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oc or dil.ie/33397

Forms: oc(c), ac, oc, ac, ic, ag, ocin, ocind, ocon(d), icon(d), con(d), ocna, ocna, icna, ocum, acum, icum, agam-sa, ocut, acut, acot-su, icot, occo, occa, oca-som, ocae, occai, oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice, aige, occai, occae, occi, occai, acci, aicce, aice, aici, ocunn, ocainn, acainn, ocaind, oc(c)aib, acaib, ocaib, occo, oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu, aca, octhaib, oc, oc, ocom, icom, 'com, occ, oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, cot, occa, occo, oco, oc(c)a, ic(c)a, coa, ca, ga, occar, coar, cár, oc, oc, ocabar, icabar, co, ga, occa, ocua, ocaó, ica, coa-ta, ica-t, ca-tá, ga-tátt, gán, cán

prep. governing dat. O.Ir. oc(c); ac, Ml. 22a5 , 82d11 . Mid.Ir. oc, ac, ic. Mod. ag. Causes no change in initial of a subst. immediately following. In Mid.Ir. often loses initial vowel in composition with art. or poss. pron. With art.: s. ocin bathis, Tur. 68 ; ocind oipred, Sg. 190b3 . Mid.Ir. ocon(d); icon(d); 'con(d). pl. ocna fothaircthib, Sg. 217a4 . Mid.Ir. ocna, icna.

With pers. pron.: 1 s. Mid.Ir. ocum, acum; icum; agam-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2207. 2 s. Mid.Ir. ocut; acut, LU 3917 ; acot-su, 4016 ; icot. 3 s. m. & n. occo, Wb. 5a26 . occa, Wb. 8a11 , Hy. i 36 T . oca-som, LU 9019 ( FB 77 ). ocae, Ml. 41d3 . occai, Hy. i 36 F , ii 55 . Mid.Ir. oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice. Mod. aige. 3 s. f. occai, Ml. 67d23 . occae, 89c16 . occi, Sg. 7a2 . Mid.Ir. occai, acci, aicce. Mod. aice, aici. 1 pl. ocunn; in Mid.Ir. often with palatal final, ocainn, acainn; ocaind, LU 8829 ( FB 62 ). 2 pl. Mid.Ir. oc(c)aib, acaib. 3 pl. ocaib, LU 3243 , 9166 . occo, 8874 , 9018 , 9094 . oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu. Mod. aca. octhaib, Ériu iv 144.1 is a late analogical form.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. oc mo, Wb. 26c2 . oc mu, Thes. ii 293. 16 . Mid.Ir. ocom, icom, 'com. 2 s. occ t'adrad, Wb. 5a25 . ac du guidi, Ml. 22a5 . oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, 'cot. 3 s. occa, Wb. 24c13 , 28d10 . occo, Sg. 67a10 . oco, 213b4 . oc(c)a, ic(c)a: 'coa; 'ca: ga, TBC-LL¹ 5713 , 5720 . Mod. ag a, 'gá. 1 pl. occar n-, Wb. 4b16 , 10c22 . coar n-, SR 1500. cár, PH 1849. 2 pl. oc far n-, Wb. 5d33 . oc bar, 25c16 . ic for, SR 1246. ocabar n-, PH 2669. icabar, LL 238b34 . co for n-, LU 5244 (H). ga bar, LB 110b57 . 3 pl. occa n-, Wb. 16c5 , 20c3 . ocua n-, Ml. 18b4 . ocaó n-, LU 4630 . ica n-.

With rel. pron.: nearly always folld. by subst. vb.; no exx. in Glosses. coa-ta, TBC-LL¹ 1236 (2 s.) co ata, Rawl. 152b38 (3 s.). ica-t, TBC-LL¹ 1616. ca-tá, 120 . ga-tátt, BColm. 80.29 (3 pl.). ca mbia, IT i 190.15 ( FA 30 LB). oca mbaí, TBC-LL¹ 3516. coa rabi, 785 . gá farcgaib, 786 . gar cumad, ZCP viii 114 § 13.

Isolated exx. occur with cop.: pres. sdéd gan dóigh urraim na n-eillteadh, IGT Dec. ex. 1177 = gán, 662 . cán, Hy Fiach. 284. pret. on curi car terc sluaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 418.20 . As preverb, only in composition with ben- (subst. vb.), see ocuben.

In general sense denotes proximity, local or figurative (always of rest in a place or state).

I In local sense

(a) at, beside, close to: oc na fothaircthib at the baths, Sg. 217a4 . occi (gl. iuxta se), 7a2 . imdi noa occai (gl. Tarsis potens navium), Ml. 67d23 . cáingrían ocon tṡléib sin, Fél. Oct. 20. icon dún . . . .i. oc Dún Mac N., TBC-LL¹ 1225. in fetar-su cia fil icond áth?, 1157 . oc cros ind-dorus lis by the cross in front of the hostel, Mon. Tall. § 62. dessid Ísu ic meis, PH 5035 , cf. dessid ocon muicc sat down (to carve) the pig, IT 100.22 . oc Ierusalem, PH 485. fert Fergusa . . . fil ic Findloch i Connachta, ACL iii 5.4 . cantairecht do tocbail agun altoir, ZCP viii 115 § 27. gom thoigh at my house, 219 § 9 . tair ic taurcbáil na gréne in the quarter of sunrise, IT i 129.9 . Cf. is e fil oc mo gerran-sa who is in charge of my nag, Ériu v 30.9 . Exceptionally after vb. of motion (in fig. sense): do impo se na Lumbardaig . . . oc creidium na heclasi, ZCP xiii 184.2 .

(b) in fig. sense, beside = compared with (Germ. neben): luin oc elaib, Corm. Y 69 , cf. gloss in LU 330 : .i. deróli na luin i farrad na n-ela. marbāin inna bliadna so, | nirbo chuīnti nech occo there was none worth bewailing compared with them, Bruchst. i § 96 = níbo caointe ní occa, TFrag. 60.15 .

(c) folld. by demonstr. pron. so, sin, sút and a subst., form- ing an elliptical sent. here (there) is (are) (= Lat. ecce, Fr. voici, voilà). The form ac is always used in this construction, which is unknown in O.Ir. The orig. constr. is prob.: oc so (sin) atá . . . , the prep. governing the demonstr.; but later ac so (sin) comes to be regarded as a compd. adv. and the follg. subst. is sometimes in acc. case. See IGT Introd. § 128 , where ag so, ag sin and ag súd are said to be followed either by nom. or acc., `ag sin bean gheal' and `ag sin mhnáoi ngil' being both correct. ac so me here I am, PH 638. ac so uan Dé, 3794 . ac sin chucut do ríg (= ecce rex tuus venit tibi), 4376 . ac seo in corn-so dúib, LL 301b3 ( RC xiii 62 x ). ac sin bar n-usci dhaibh, Ériu v 158.220 . ag soin . . . an mbunnainn, IGT Dec. ex. 561.

Ac so, ac sin are freq. used like Fr. voici, voilà to indicate respectively a following or a preceding statement, enumera- tion, etc. ag so an tres gniomh diobh . . . fer a ionaid do dermat, BNnÉ 263.1 . ethech ┐ bréga ┐ luigeda dímaine . . . ac sin brissed na cet-aithne, PH 7604. ac sein duit ocht fichit cest rá ernisem, LL 145a52 . ac sin a n-oidid éicin chloinde crōda Cennēidig, ZCP viii 120.7 . o Gabrann co Cnamchaill . . . ag sin in gnathrainn, Ériu ii 50 § 4. ag sin agat . . . slighe na ndeich n-aithne, Dán Dé vi 11.

II Of the time or occasion at or during which someth. takes place (often = Germ. bei):

(a) sulbaire degbelrai cen tognam n-occae (gl. gratia illaborata), Ml. 89c16 . nin-fortéit-ni in spirut oc suidiu the spirit helps us not herein (i.e. when we pray), Wb. 4a27 . bale i rrabe oc na clessaib engaged in sports, FB 43. an cetharlebar sosceli do aurlegund oc praind at meal- time, Mon. Tall. 29. crosfigild iarum oc domine probasti at (the words) `Domine p.', § 30. dia mbatar icon choibfhleid, PH 5048 . doratad anmunna forru icon bathis, 970 . fleadh gá sgaoiltir sgéla, IGT Dec. ex. 1051. (For: ic abardorcha, CCath. 1090 , read i cabar-.) Further extensions of this use: cid ar nach sechend ind eclais Crist ic timna na himdibe? why does not the Church follow Christ in the matter of circumci- sion? PH 5765. atbert Esaias oca césad when speaking of his passion, 2275 . atá an ghealach níosa lugha . . . mar deirim aice fein as I state when I deal with it, Corp. Astron. 88.18 .

(b) with 3 s. n. pron. used as advb. = at it, thereat, engaged therein, on that occasion, etc. ní torbe precept . . . mani dénatur ḟerte occa, Wb. 8a11 . oín-menme lib occo (gl. ut unanimes honorificetis Deum), 6d3 . huisque prius in calicem ┐ issed canar occo (i.e. while the water is poured into the chalice), Thes. ii 252.5 ( Stowe M. 64b ). Celestinus . . . isé ro herlig gráda fairseom, Germanus ┐ Amatho . . . ar aird occo G. and A. being present, Trip. 30.28 . ro baí munter P. oc búain orba . . . ros-gab íta mór occai, 236.2 . praind do tomailt . . . is a hurcul acht sailmchetal ┐ aurnaigti occo to eat . . . is for- bidden unless it is accompanied by psalm-singing, Mon. Tall. 65 . cudnód ind prainde arnā bether ocu nach cein that no long while may be spent over it, § 89. dā biait do cetol i crois- figill cen tairnem lama occa, RC xv 489 § 17. ma doragbus ní d'uabar . . . cluinte mo nuallan acai `hear me wail for it', Ériu ii 56 § 15 . nis-fil do plaig . . . nachus-bera sin for culu, acht corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430.6 .

III Folld. by vn. (strictly a case of II).

(a) after subst. vb., taking the place of a pres. part.; corre- sponding to the older Engl. gerundial construction `to be a-going'. ataat oc timthirecht apastolorum they are serving, Wb. 14a30 . ce rudbatar iudei occa thindnacul-som though . . . were delivering him up, 4b13 . Cf. is occ maid atáa he is engaged in good, 6a18 . itu ic frithalim na n-anmanna, SR 1187. bui- siom oc huamim sewing, Mon. Tall. 60. mor fer ro boí com iarraid many men have wooed me, SCC 44. ata mog Dé icot gairm is calling thee, PH 1369. tic Euá asin tsruth, bai for tir co [leg. coa or ca] tirmugud, SR 1686 = oca tirmugud, MacCarthy 66.7 . ro batar . . . duile De coar n-airmitein, SR 1500 = oc ár n-a., MacCarthy 60 z . ata Dia ic for togáes, SR 1246 = ga bar togaethad, MacCarthy 52.18 . ata drong . . . ocabar n-aithceód, PH 2669. ro bátár a cruti ocaó n-airfitiud playing to them, TBC-LL¹ 168 ( LU 4630 ).

Note the irreg. constr. in the follg. exx. in which oc accom- panied by rel. pron. governs a vn. in a rel. clause: fogéba . . . aní coa-taí iarair you will find what you are seeking, TBC-LL¹ 1236. fúr na fleidhi oca rabhadhuis denumh damsa which you were making for me, Lism. L. 2357. fírinde ina núfhiadnaise icca rabatar tairchetul of which they had been prophesying, PH 5768 . With prep. do inserted before vn.: do dhemnaib ca tai d'adrad whom thou worshippest, PH 634. is e so in t-Ísu oca raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 .

With ellipse of vb., in function of pres. part.: cid tu dana icim dail? who art thou that comest to meet me? IT i 127.4 . ingen oc ambrán singing, PH 889. siat oc slechtanaib . . . ┐ oc ádrad Ísu, 2615 . espuig ag adhaltras, ag meallad a ngraidh bishops adulterous, belying their orders, ZCP viii 209.29 . sib-si icc iarraid bar leicctiu don cath ┐ misi ica-for [accabur v.l.] fostadh, CCath. 5129.

After subst. vb. in impers. construction: cia bethir oc far n-ingrim though they be a-persecuting you, Wb. 5d33 . céin both oc taisbenad na flede dóib while they were setting forth the feast, FB 13. is and ro bas oca caíniud lamentation was made for them, 77 . atathar com breith don Teibh they are taking me to Thebes, RC x 180.35 . ru fitir níb uc denam a lessa ro bass and, RC iii 176.18 . The follg. ex. offers an analogous construction: os gar ndola con lō so since we are going to this battle (?), RC xxxvii 352 § 9 .

(b) with other vbs., referring to subj. of sent.: conid oc accaíne sin atbert in rí, PH 4268. ro-bar-n-élned oc adrad cloch ┐ crand by worshipping, 1707 . a fhuair [do máthair] do galar acut breith, 7390 . dorala Cairend doib ic tabairt usci do Temraig as she was bringing water, RC xxiv 192.17 . muna derntaí maith icabhur cosnum, Acall. 5141 = ocabar, Fr. Esp. used idiomatically after vbs. of beginning, continuing, desisting: forópair oc dogru, SCC 44. fecis Ailill oc cóí began to weep, IT i 127.17 . ro gab ac midem ┐ ac mórdescain, CRR 25. gabais Gabriel ga guidi, ACL iii 244 § 11. fuabrais ic troscadh for Ciaran, 5.2 . nā han ag atach Righ nimi cease not to beseech, ZCP vi 272 § 14. Analog. with abstr. noun: fos oc etli `per- severance in holiness', Mon. Tall. 19.

(c) referring to other member of sent. than subj.; imba immalei dō occa[r] taithchricc et occar n-áinsem? will he be at the same time redeeming us and accusing as? Wb. 4b16 . bliadain . . . dō ga hiarraidh he spent a year seeking her, IT i 129.15 . cen fial impu oca n-imdíten, MacCarthy 56.9 . doro- chair ecla forsna huli anchretmechu oca fhacsin sin, PH 2164. coro indisetar don rí cách uli oc édpairt dona deeib that all were sacrificing, 979 . ro brised in cath . . . ar Oilill ┐ ar Mheidb . . . oc tabairt tána bó cuȧilngi, RC vi 178.134 .

After the obj. of a vb. of seeing, hearing, etc., often as complement: otchí Isu in ṅduine ic comallnad a thimna when Jesus sees a man fulfilling his command, PH 4607. itcualamar in t-aingel oc comrád, 2968 .

(d) introducing an absolute adverbial phrase: issed aspered M. oca aurail do neoch fairsiom guidhi Dé laisiom when any one enjoined on him to pray God for him, Mon. Tall. 75. boi ingreimm mor forsna Cristaigib . . . oc eráil forru édpart do génum dona deeib, PH 962. is aire chanait . . . don anmain ic escómlad di asin churp, 8139 (= ica escomlad asin churp). ag clos linn . . . do fhreagra, Content. x 21. The follg. con- structions are mixed: gu rabha oc dul a anma ass he was at his last gasp, Irish Texts i 43.27 . nech lasmbad oc dil occorso do cheli Dē who was wont to satisfy the hunger of a servant of God, Ériu i 46.2 .

(e) after an adj.: it mathi side oc aslug these are good at seduction, Wb. 30c13 . it mathi inna ganema oc óul ind lenda (gl. bibulae), Ml. 129d14 . nitat soír oc tintuúth skilled in translating, Wb. 12b23 . cid trén oc tecmallad . . . cia bo labor oc tecmallad mighty . . . weak at gathering, 16c25 , 26 . nidam maith-se oc immarbaig, TBC-LL¹ 1676. Cf. bid gadhar tafaind Ailill oc iarraid crich ┐ ig cosnum mennato, RC xxiv 176.3 .

(f) the vn. following oc is often used in a passive sense, being in this case always preceded by a poss. pron. In Mod.Ir. g(h)á, d(h)á are used in this way. crann immua-mbiat [inna lestrai] ocua ndenum round which (vessels) are made, Ml. 18b4 . ita in cath oca ferthain indiu the battle is being fought, SCC 33. tintud septin . . . is hé ro malartad occo tintúdh [sic leg.] asind ebre isin ngreic which was corrupted in being trans- lated, Hib. Min. 10.335 . binnidir téta mendchrot aca seinm, TBC-LL¹ 209. atú-sa icom mess ona dib rigu I am being judged, PH 1407. dorigne in himaigin . . . co mbeth aice hi oca hadrad, 61 . gair ban ┐ mac aca milliud, TTebe 2155 . fuair se dias do muindtir E. aga ndicennud he found two . . . being be- headed, ZCP vi 281.26 . é féin aga imchor . . . a gcathaóir being carried, Fl. Earls 172.25 . iomad teach n-aoidheadh 'ga ndéa- namh ┐ leabhar da scríobhadh, Keat. iii 3037.

IV Of persons.

(a) with, among, denoting generally not mere proximity but some kind of association , corresponding to Lat. apud, Fr. chez, Germ. bei; often = at the house of, in the country of; used of an author in whose work some statement occurs, etc.

robem occa i mbithbethaid may we be with Him, Hy. i 36. ní n-accathar nech aile occut let no one else see it in your possession, FB 59. is acainne ḟuarais crích ┐ ferand among us (i.e. in Connacht), TBC-LL¹ 5944. nico raga do chorp-sa i n- ádnocul ocainde, PH 3693. iar n-a gabail doibh for creich occo after he had been made prisoner by them when he was raid- ing amongst them, MacCarthy 396.11 ( BB 48b ). ocut-sa dogním in cháisc (= in thy house), PH 5032. an agum-sa 'gud leig[i]us stay with me for thy healing, ZCP vi 37.12 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess though I should spend a month with, ACL iii 304. 21 . anais octhaib .xl. láa he stayed with them, Ériu iv 144.1 . eoangelium ic grecaib, bonum nuntium . . . ic auctoraib na Roman the Greeks call it euangelium , ZCP viii 113 § 5. `amen' . . . is é a etarchert ic Aquil `fideliter'; is e imorro a etarchert oc Cirine `uere', PH 7982. ata tuaruscbail er in peccad-sa ic Solam i nEcclesi[asti]co , 7769 . léaghtar ag Iul Caesar isan seiseadh leabhar d'á stáir, Keat. i 72.95 . Esp. after fo-ácaib, of leaving someth. with some one: facbaid mallachtain aice ┐ berid mallachtain uada, PH 8289. fáccbais comarbus na cille sin ag Urcain, BNnÉ 264 § 226. iar faccbail [sic leg.] imcho- mhairc occa chele after bidding each other farewell, 328 § 56 . ó Ghuaire . . . gár ḟagaibh dámh mór mbennacht, ZCP viii 109.22 Cf. mod. `slán agat!' said by a departing guest in response to the host's `slán leat!'

In many cases oc in compos. with a plural pron. and follow- ing an interrog. or indef. pron. or numeral is used almost in a partitive sense like ó (see 1 ó vii); in early exx. there is a difference in meaning between oc and ó in such cases; in Mod.Ir. ag is freq. used in partitive sense. cia nod-máid acaib-si sin? who among you makes that boast? TBC-LL¹ 1974. cia bad chóir da ḟúapairt Conculaind accu which of them ought to attack C., 2077 . cach mac gaibes gaisced acaib, IT i 101.5 . denum tuidecht cen comlabra do neoch fri araile ocaind with- out conversing with each other, MacCarthy 64.5 ( LB 112a49 ). gach laoch aca-sumh, ML 132.2 . gá méad aca how many of them, Dán Dé xvi 23.

(b) with subst. vb. to denote (temporary) possession: ata x ocumm I have (am in possession of) x; to be distinguished from: is limm x x is mine (belongs to me).

uccu .i. aicci a oenar ata se (i.e. a man's choice rests with himself alone), Corm. Y 1295. árchú fil ocom, TBC-LL¹ 1003. a mboi de ór ┐ argut oca all the gold . . . they had, PH 999. nech ic nach fil almsa, 4974 . do thorad in chroind ic ata fiss uilce ┐ maithusa, MacCarthy 52.20 ( LB 110b58 ). is aigci ata cach maith, . . . ic mac mo Dé, BColm. 100.16 . dā mac dēc ic Coscrach . . . a hocht diib co-ata sil who have posterity, Rawl. 152b38 . ni fhuil ag fissid ar ndil, acht ag Rig na rígh our destiny lies not with the seer, ZCP vii 301 § 9. cia aga bhfuil dúil i lúth? who has any desire for, Keat. Poems 522.

Note follg. constructions: ni boí occo-som do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichenned it was not in their power to remain alive, FB 77 (the subj. is the vn. a mbith). duine ga raibe dolás a ngar dó to whom sorrow was nigh, BCC § 147. Occas. atá ocumm folld. by vb. nearly = I am able (to): indar leosom bai aici-seom a sechna he would be able to avoid it, TBC-LL¹ 2208. ata oen-ní ocund do denum `I have yet one expedient', PH 1192 .

Often with ellipse of vb.: bél aicce i tallfad cú, Ériu iv 100.14 . proinn aige da gach aoidhidh, ZCP viii 109 § 4. tucad claideb . . . ac Pilasceius . . . do Plicigias `a sword which had belonged to Pelasgus', TTebe 2499 . ni fhetad duine biad folaig ece [= aice] ann none could have any hidden food, LB 155b59 . ni muirbither mac mna lium cen chin aice, PH 401. uchán! gan againn oinniuin is gáirleog alas that we have not, Keat. Poems 1245.

(c) in sight of, in judgement of (cf. analogous use of la): ro bámar-ni fecht co cátaid acut, SCC 43. ni lia esbaid daim acaind . . . nā esbaid laich the loss of an ox is not more to us than the loss of a warrior, CRR 4. ar bam anoraigti-sea oc Dia dia fhódmar martrai honoured in the sight of God, PH 2428. co nachat anmand uaisle . . . noemait nech icon choimdid, 5087 . nach fil clerech is amru ac Día oldas-[s]om, BColm. 102.13 . olcc occo-som máthair Néill they disliked N.'s mother, Ériu iv 92.11 . inn edh dobeir fort-sa [sin] ar n-etairisine acut? CCath. 634 (= is it because you deem us disloyal that you act thus? = deeratne tibi fiducia nostri? Luc. Phars. i 362 ). co flaith Dúrlais 'cán mór me (= who thinks much of me), Hy Fiach. 284.5 . ní hé as daidhbhre ag Dia, Dán Dé xxxi 22.

(d) used with reflex. pron. after vbs. of saying, observing, thinking, etc.: atrubart aice fén he said to himself, PH 1046. déchaid-si acaib fén masa me see for yourselves if it is I, 3108 . is tria úmla ro chind aice a chlood that he had resolved to vanquish him, 4814 . ro imraid aice ina menmain deliberated, ZCP v 502.8 . do smuain sé aige gumadh ferr leis, Maund. 268. mesait ┐ tuicit aca badhdein, Fl. Earls 228.2 .

The vb. gaibid is similarly used; nā gebed nech aicce fén combad, etc. let not any one conclude, PH 4954. nā ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa doratait dúin let us not count as our own property, 6123 . Similarly techtaid possesses: ni ro techta occut feirg harbour not anger, PH 4094. is aen-athair techtmait-ne uli ocaind, 6004 : cf. 4025 .

(e) almost in sense of agent, cf. analogous use of la. Strictly, oc indicates, not the agent, but the quarter, group of indi- viduals, etc., in which the action takes place or has its origin. With pass. often employed instead of do where that prep. is needed in another sense. (In Mod.Ir. ag is commonly used to denote the agent after a part. in periphrasis for perf. tense: atá an litir scríobhtha agam I have written.) co torchair acu iarsin iar cur a n-āir he fell at their hands after slaying many of them, ZCP i 105.31 = co torchair leo, ib. 10 . idrochadar sin uili ic feraib Muman, Cog. 22.17 . is dethbir det-siu cia fogabad mor d'imned ocut-sa it befits thee that he should meet with much tribulation from thee, PH 3828 (Satan addresses Hell). co coí n-étarbaig ic anmannaib na peccdach ica pianad oc na slogaib na ndemna, 8306 . iarna marbad ocin rig (i.e. by order of), 6650 . ni lamtís beos icon rig Crist do adrad co follus `through fear of the king', 1016 . ídpairt inn uain oc macu Israel, KMMisc. 144 § 4. With pass.: ra cruthaiged comairle acu, TBC-LL¹ 702. ro benait na cluic ac na cleirchib, ACL iii 225.23 . ro hádnaiced in cend oc Herudiátis by command of H., PH 916. cia coa ndernad in chet-long? by whom was the first ship made? ZCP iv 236.6 . oilén R. atá a laim muindteri Eoin Baisti arna thabairt ac in imperi dóib, Maund. 35. Grigair . . . 'gar cumad in cantairecht (= who was the originator of church music), ZCP viii 114 § 13. gabhthar . . . gá n-aos ceoil . . . laoidh, Gofraidh Fionn iii 46 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). is é ní ar ar fanadh againn what has been decided on by us, Maguires of F. § 17 .

Here may be placed the use of oc after vbs. of learning, hearing, etc. (strictly local): ros-fóglaim ocumm nu [leg. mu?] gnímu-sa, PH 1790 , cf. 281 . co ccualaidh féin ag an ccleirech an fís sin `from the cleric's mouth', RC xxv 396 § 13. fear ilchleasach do hoileadh ag Scáthaigh, Keat. Poems 527.

topar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. topar or dil.ie/41406

Forms: tobar, toibreacha, toipre, toibrech

n o, m. tobar, IGT Decl. § 17 . Later n p. toibreacha, PBocht 25.39 . toipre, BNnÉ 76.4 . g p. toibrech, BCC 126.15 .

(a) well, spring: corici in tobar (topor, LU), TBC-I¹ 893 ic immain chairech fo smacht | dochum topur is tiprat, SR 3740 . ro sudiged topor taitnemach ... do dídnad anmand inna fírén, LU 2096 . lind in topair, 1846 . topair gela, Three Hom. 68.28 . o na toprib Tessalda, TTr. 1197 . benaid talum ó chois deis ┐ tanic topur ... ass, PH 1304 . do erich tobar as lorc gach buile dib, BCC 126.4 . palas rīgda ... cu tobraibh solusda fria thaeb, ZCP i 252.3 . fuair Brenainn toipre roglana ann, BNnÉ 76.4 . bid aibhne an tíre sin uile ana n-usci búaidhertha ┐ blas saile ara toibrechaib (sic leg.) ZCP ii 240 § 136 . Of the sea: cīa hairm atát trī topair | súgait muir ngairb na ṅglotain, ZCP iv 235 § 7 . robad mellach ... ascnam tar tuind topur ndīlenn, vii 309.19 = tipri, Reeves Ad. 274.7 . an chorr nó an tobar talmhan ` cisterna ,' TSh. 1278 . t.¤ técht see técht (b). ? ō rogab talmain na tor | nī fūair angbaid in tobor, ZCP vii 498.z .

(b) baptismal font: do furail an t-imperi tobur baisti do coisreagadh do baistedh A., RC xix 370 n. 6 . an inghen ro chuir isin t.¤ , BNnÉ 9.1 .

(c) source: is hé as topur inna n-ane, Wb. 29c7 . ar son rofad tobair an thsrota on Egift, Ir. Astr. Tr. 50.13 . is fada on craide na cosa, masedh is fada o tobur an tesa iad, Rosa Angl. 274 2 . Saltair Temrach as [ḟ]rem ┐ as bunad ┐ as topur do seanchadhaib Erenn, IT iii 199 § 57 . tobor bunaid do sheanchus ... naomh ... Eirionn, MS. Mat. 554.22 . t.¤ coindercle iarthair Eorpa, AFM ii 956 16 . tobar egna ┐ déṡerce, 1024.18 . dá dtráigheadh an tobar fis, DDána 72.21 . gur bh'í tobar draoidheachta iarthair Eorpa, Keat. ii 963 . as iad as tobair ┐ as freumha don uile pheacadh, Parrth. Anma 239.6 .

torramaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. torramaid or dil.ie/41490

v a (torrama) visits: t.¤ borrama nad gand, LL 43a6 . torraim Dia sluag n-Israhél, SR 6828 . roguidh in coimdig coro thorromad a tuaid ┐ in ríg, Anecd. iii 73.27 . (no) gnathaigeth Victor angel co torraimed (.i. co físraiged) indí Pátraic, ACL iii 10.9 . bid annsin din thoromfaiter na hanfhireoin iar n-ilbliadnaib, PH 6399 . torramad lubru, Tec. Corm. § 1.31 . is ē sin in cetramud inad torramus in animm iar scarad fria corp .i. loc a gene ┐ loc a báis, loc a baisti ┐ loc a hadnaicthi, RC xii 424 § 7 . is e no thorramad cech aen nobidh i carcair, Lism. L. 4882.