Search Results

Your search returned 37 result(s).

áirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirge or dil.ie/2027

Forms: áirmhe, áirghi

n (árach ?) See LEIA and also Lochlann ii 210 . aircche: āille, Ériu iv 61 § 55 . : áirmhe, IGT Decl. ex. 146 . áirghi f. IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) place for milking cows, byre, cowshed: do tét ind ingen . . . dond airgi búi oc sliab Miss, Irish Texts i 34.1 . luid . . . dia airge .i. ceppán i Sléib Mairge, 25 . eter a portaibh-sium ┐ a airgeda, Lism. L. 2917 . tuc lat do macc isin airge, Three Hom. 8.9 . seacht ndoirse ar a dhúnadh ┐ . . . seacht n-airghe fā c[h]omhair gacha doruis dīoph, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1393 . ? Of summer milking-places in the mountains: dul ó faithchi in senlis for airgi, Laws i 132.12 Comm. bui for airghi ┐ da bai dhec aice, Lism. L. 1267 . Transf. dairy produce(?): robaoi áirgi laisim o muindtir ┐ taiscit on muindtir `he had dairying and store of victuals given him by the monastery', Mon. Tall. 159.11 (§ 77) .

(b) herd of cattle: airge .i. armentum , Ir. Gl. 754 . olc lind bith cen airghi . . . ragaid di bhāi duitsi, Moling 41 . secht n-á.¤ leis .uii. fichit bo cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.8 ( SCano 8 ). conna farcaibset leis acht vii m-bai ┐ tarb bale i robatar na vii n-airghe, YBL 113b8 . go ttuccsat airgheadha ┐ greadha iomdha leó, AFM v 1288.5 . deoch acht crú a n-airgead nó a n-each / . . . ní fhuair M., Ériu iv 224.9 . mac Briain bhronnus airgheadha (: ailgheana), TD 16.11 . dá ró 'n-ar ndáil-ne Dia féin / ní bhia bó ná áirghe ar m'óidh, DDána 42.29 . ar sgaoileadh each nó áirgheadh, 74.64 . tréuda ┐ airighe, Gen. xiii 5 .

? trí hóenaig eserte: célide hi tig gobann, célide hi tig sáir, dul do chennuch cen áirche (airrdhe v.l.), Triads 74 .i. gan comhartha nó arra aige le gcennocha ní, p. 37 . Cf. áirithe.

attá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. attá or dil.ie/4927
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: attá, Fil, fil, faeilfit, fil, fil, atóo, attó, attóo, ató, -táu, -ttóo, -tó, atái, atái, -tái, adta, ata, at, atáa, attáa, ataa, att, -tá, -ta, -táa, -dathar, ataam, attaam, ataid, ataaith, ataaid, ataad, -taid, ataat, ataat, -tat, -taat, tathum, tathut, táithi, táthus, táthunn, taithiunn, tathuib, tás, fil, fil, feil, fel, fail, fil, file, fel, fele, feil, fail, biuu, -bíu, -bí, biith, biid, bíid, -bii, -bí, robīi, -rubi, -rubai, -ruba, bíis, biís, bis, bís, bithir, bither, -bither, -rubthar, bímmi, -biam, bimme, biit, bíit, robiat, -biat, -bíat, -rubat, bíte, -bíinn, -biinn, -bíid, -bíth, -bid, -bith, bithe, -bímmis, -bitis, -bítis, b, bíth, bíith, bíid, biid, bíd, bithom, biid, bith, biat, beo, beu, -béo, bee, b, -bee, robhe, beith, beid, bed, beth, -b, -bée, bethum-sa, rob, robe, rubé, rob, robbé, -roib, bess, bes, bethir, bether, -bether, bemmi, beimmi, -bem, -robam, beithe, bethe, -beith, -beid, -robith, beit, rubet, be(i)t, -bet, -robat, bete, -beind, -beinn, -betha, nobed, nobeth, -bed, -beth, -robad, -rabad, -bethe, -bemmis, -beimmis, -bemis, -bethe, -betis, -[ro]ibtis, bia, bie, bieid, bied, -bia, -bia, -bia, -bía, bethiumm, bethib, bias, bies, beithir, -bether, bemmi, beimmi, -biam, -piam, bethe, bethi, -bied, -bieid, biet, bieit, biet, -biat, -bíet, bete, beite, nombeinn, nobiad, -bíad, nobemmis, nobetis, b, -bá, bói, bái, -bói, boie, boithius, boíthi, baísu, both(a)e, botha, -both(a), bamar, bámar, -baid, bātir, -batar, batar, rob, -roba, -raba, rob, robói, rambái, robui, -robae, -robe, -rabae, romboth, rombod, -rabad, robámmar, -robammar, rubaid, -robaid, robatar, robbátar, -rabatar, -robatar, -rabtar, buith, buithi, atáu, atú, itu, it, atú, ataim, -t, -tái, -toi, taoi, -t, atá, attá, ata, at, atáthar, dáthar, atass, -das, itám, tám, ataum, ataim, atamaoit, atámaoid, atám, -taum, -dtám, atathai, atathi, atáithi, -táithi, -dathai, -taidh, itāt, atáit, ataut, táid, -táit, itat, atat, fil, -fhile, -fhuile, -fuili, -ḟoili, -ḟuile, fail, fail, fuil, -fail, -fuil, -uil, -ḟil, -ḟuil, -ḟoil, fil, fail, fail, filter, -fuiltear, fuilemm, -failmet, -ḟuilmíd, -ḟuilmíd, -ḟoilmíd, -ḟuileam, -ḟoileam, -bhḟuilti, failet, filet, fuilet, -failet, -filet, -fileat, -fuilet, -fuilid, failet, failet, fuilet, filet, bim, bím, -bím, -ruibim, -bi, bíd, bíd, -bí, -bíonn, -bind, bídh, -b, bither, -bithar, bímit, bídmaid, bímíd, -bímíd, -bíom, bíth, bīd, -bíat, -bít, -bíd, bit, bít, bhínn, nobīth, robíth, bhíodh, bhíoth, bithi, -bithi, bithea, naboitis, nobīdis, beitis, bitis, bhítís, bhídís, bír, b, bīdh, bíodh, bíoth, bíom, bíthe, bídh, bidhí, bíod, ber, uér, beor, bheith, bur, -rabor, -rabhus, rabasa, bear, rabhar, -bear, -rabhar, bé, beir, -rab(a)i, -rabha, -rabhair, -mbéis, -beis(se), -rabais, beis, rabais, -beis, -rabais, beth, -b, -raib, -rab, -raibhe, rabh, raibh, -bé, -raibh, -rabh, bess, beas, bethur, beme, bemmit, bemait, -bém, -beam, -ruibem, -rabum, bheam, rabham, bethi, rabthai, beit, -bet, -beat, -rabat, -rabut, -rabhait, -rabhaid, -rabheid, beinn, rabainn, beithi, beithe, bethe, beitheá, beith, nobith, mbeadh, -mbeath, -rabad, -bethe, -bette, rabtha, mbiadh, nobeitis, nobeidis, mbeith, bíat, biat, biad, bhead, bed, bét, bett, -biu, -bhiú, biad, -bi, bía, biae, biaidh, bía, -bía, bethair, bied, biaid, biáid, -bia, bíes, bés, bes, bess, bhias, biass, beither, beithir, bemit, bemait, -bem(ni, beimíd, -biam, -biaim(ne), -ben, bethi, beitte, bete, -bed, biait, biat, beit, beiti, beti, betit, beidid, -bīat, beidíd, beid, -bíad, no-béind, dobeind, do beinn, -beinn, bheitheá, biadh, -bied, bífad, rot-fiadh, biath, bhiadh, bethe, bheidīs, ro-bádus, bhádhus, bhí, -rabus, -rabhas, -rabadhus, bá, -raba, bádhus, -rabadhas, basa, bhádhuis, bhí, -rabadais, -rabhais, bhádhuis, -rabhadhuis, bae, bóe, baei, búi, -bae, -buí, robai, robae, robói, bí, robuidh, bí, bhói, bhaoi, -rubai, -roibe, -roibi, -roba, -raba, -raibhe, -rabha, -robha, bí, -raibi, baí, -rabha, -rabhustair, boí, bāi, būi, bae, buí, baí, boí, both, rombatha, robās, rombas, robás, -rabus, rabas, -bádus, -bás, bás, bas, -rabas, bas, bhás, bāmur, bámar, bhámair, -rabamar, robabair, -babhair, robadbair, bhábhair, -rabhuir, -rabhabhair, bādar, -bátir, badar, bádar, bídur, -rabadar, -rabhadair, baisit, -rabhsad, bátar, bátar, bheith, beitte

(ad-tá) subst. vb. is . The distinction betw. subst. vb. and copula is in the first place syntactical, and cases are found where there is no distinction of form. Cf. the type, common in ACC: boe sab he was a leader, ACC 26 . See further below, and the discussion by Bergin, Ériu xii 208 - 211 (cia taísiu, cia bé, etc.), who refers to cases like: is uera pictura ro bai sin, Thes. ii 6.32 as emphatic. See also Ériu xvi 46 , GOI 475 . For nimtha laám, Wb. 12a21 , nímptha fírion, 8d24 (copula ?) see GOI 487 . Note also the form of the pron. in (later): matait tall iat, Laws iv 86.8 Comm. , atá ar conair é, ACL iii 216.z . bí N. eices cecinit, RC xvii 175.14 is perh. a mistake. In follg. use of subst. vb. perh. due to infl. of Latin: mar nobéind athair doib = pater eram pauperum, PH 6107 . ata in innsci ordugud etc. = oratio est. . ., Auraic. 591 .

Apart from the ordinary indic. pres. all forms of subst. vb. are from a root beginning with b-. In indic. pres. the stem tá (in absol. position attá) is used in non-rel. sentences without conj. particle, after conj. particles with inf. pron. dat. and when the conj. particle consists of a preposition and rel. (s)a n-. Absolute inflexion of tá- is found in oldaas, indaas, etc. than (is), in meaning is angry, and with follg. suff. pron. The uninflected form fil (with accus.) is used after conj. particles where no dat. inf. pron. is present, in leniting rel. clauses and often in answers to questions containing subst. vb., and in archaic texts in absol. position in meaning there is . For fuller details see GOI 476 - 483 and exx. below. See also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 419 ff. , Strachan, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899, 1 - 82 , Ó Máille, Ériu vi 1 ff. , Études Celt. xxxiv 143-44 . Forms of gaibid, do-coissin, díchsnigidir and 1 ad-cumaing also have the force of the subst. vb. in certain uses, see separate entries.

Note further that attá is usual after hóre (see Wb. 19a19 , 22d14 and compare GOI § 781 ) and occurs later after amal ( LU 7072 , Laws iii 90.18 ). Fil is somet. found in sense there is in mid. Ir.: fail crois d'ór in cach dorus, SR 361 . TBC-I¹ 2561 . Note also: fil derg it is red, Marco P. 173 .

The use of accus. after fil continues into the classical period, see IGT Introd. § 129 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 92 - 93 . A few exx. of forms other than fil with accus. occur: ni raibi deilb, TTr.² 1664 , ní raibi . . . mhnái, 370 , ní bhiadh mnaoi, Ó Bruad. ii 252.z (with assonance). Note also with inf. pron. rosṁbai inna tass, SR 5107 . ? nim tha maith . . . do chath fri firu, LU 3343 ( SCC 13 ). From the mid. Ir. period on fil takes personal endings except in 3 s., and occurs occasionally as an independent verb: faeilfit (fut. 3 pl. absol.), Caithr. Thoirdh. 120.26 . In rel. function attá is found side by side with fil from an early period: is heiside attá hi S., Trip.² 534 , a lucht atá istig, RC vii 298.131 , the form fil finally disappearing in this use.

In mid. Ir. fil occurs for earlier -tá with dat. inf. pron.: nichar fail tlacht, SR 1560 , ni-s-fil biad, PH 1310 . Also in rel. clause after prep.: bale hi fail, LU 7516 , fors fil, Imr. Brain 43 (see also Strachan, Stories fr. Táin 3rd ed. p. 1 note).

The consuet. pres. 1 s. conj. -bíu has in classical Ir. the force of a future: biad ní biú, IGT Verbs § 7 , see also TBC-LL¹ 882 , Acall. 6179 , Duan. F. i 43.4 .

Early forms (for fuller lists see Strachan loc. cit.). Indic. pres. 1 s. atóo, Wb. 12a21 . attó, 21c19 . attóo, 26d8 . ató, 26d17 . -táu, 32a10 , -ttóo, 17d24 , -tó, Ml. 92b8 . 2 s. atái, Wb. 5b27 . atái, Ml. 110d15 (sic MS, see Ériu xiv 30 ). -tái, 5b38 . 3 s. adta, Laws v 390.10 (see ZCP xxv 247 ). ata, Wb. 13c26 , at, 27a11 , atáa, 6a19 , attáa, 32a6 , ataa, 26b31 , att, 4b11 . -tá, 31c7 , -ta, 2b12 , -táa, 13a35 . Impers. -dathar (see GOI 477 - 478 ), Wb. 21c9 . 1 pl. ataam, Wb. 15a13 , attaam, 32a28 . 2 pl. ataid, Wb. 4a4 , ataaith, 20b16 , ataaid, 23c28 , ataad, 22d14 . -taid, 19d26 . 3 pl. ataat (trisyll.), Blathm. 471 . ataat, Ml. 55d11 , 37a10 . -tat, 42b10 . -taat, Sg. 71b3 .

With suff. pron. tathum, Metr. Dinds. iv 284.3 . tathut, Fél. July 24 . táithi (tathai, v.l.), Críth G. 197 . táthus, Fél. Feb. 5 . táthunn, Prol. 217. taithiunn, Thes. ii 293.19 . tathuib, Rawl. 88b51 .

For rel. s. without preverb (taas, tás) see atás, indaas, 4 ol.

The form fil, etc. As conj. form: fil, Wb. 16b9 , Ml. 92a8 , Sg. 193b7 . feil, Wb. 24c4 . Ml. 60b2 . fel, Wb. 3c38 , Ml. 27d10 . fail, 44b10-11 , Sg. 32a1 . As rel.: fil, Ml. 121c8 , file Wb. 23a5 , Ml. 51d11 , Sg. 151b7 . fel, Wb. 4c1 , fele, Ml. 93c7 . feil, Wb. 33b18 . fail, BCr. 18c4 .

Consuet. pres. 1 s. biuu, Wb. 16d8 . -bíu, 20a3 . 2 s. -bí, Ml. 135d1 . ACL iii 312 § 4 . 3 s. biith, Wb. 29a26 . biid, 4d33 . bíid, Sg. 150b4 . -bii, Wb. 28b25 , -bí, Ml. 103c3 . With ro: robīi, TBC-I¹ 1730 . -rubi, Wb. 11c17 , -rubai, Ml. 20d4 , Sg. 7b3 . -ruba, 3b28 . Rel. bíis, Wb. 13a12 . biís, 28b28 . bis, Ml. 61a33 . bís, Sg. 140b2 . Impers. bithir, Ml. 56b15 . rel. bither, 108b4 , -bither, 100c21 . -rubthar, cited GOI § 784 . OIPG 69 . 1 pl. bímmi, Ml. 15a4 . -biam, Wb. 16a8 . Rel. bimme, Wb. 12c11 . 3 pl. biit, Wb. 29a28 . bíit, Sg. 217a1 . robiat, 138a5 . -biat, Ml. 59d7 . -bíat, Sg. 148a4 . -rubat, 138a5 . Rel. bíte, Wb. 9d28 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. -bíinn, Ml. 108b1 , -biinn, 58d9 . 3 s. -bíid, LU 5080 (see Ériu xvii 121 ), -bíth, Sg. 148b6 . -bid, Ml. 33a5 . -bith, Vita Br. 12 . Impers. no bithe , CCath. 3971 . 1 pl. -bímmis, cited GOI § 785 . 3 pl. -bitis, Ml. 86d6 . -bítis, Sg. 5a15 .

Ipv. 2 s. b, TBC-I¹ 2391 . 3 s. bíth, Wb. 10a8 , 25 , bíith, 8d9 , bíid, 5d33 , biid, Ml. 74d3 . bíd, Wb. 3a14 . With suff. pron. bithom, Fél. Ep. 404 n.17 . 2 pl. biid, Wb. 23c11a . bith, 22b26 . 3 pl. biat, Ml. 51d13 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. beo, Wb. 23b41 . beu, Ml. 53b8 . -béo, Fél. Prol. 273 . 2 s. bee, cited OIPG 70 and see GOI 482 . b, ZCP viii 311.z (see xxiv 122 ). -bee (perh. absol.), ZCP vii 494 (Enchir. Aug.). -bē, Fing. R. 82 . With ro: robhe (restored as ro-bé), Blathm. 92 § 9 . 3 s. beith, Ml. 108a11 . beid, Wb. 14c23 . bed, 3c10 . beth, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr. Hom.). -bǽ, Wb. 22b14 . -b, Sg. 29b14 . -bée, Wb. 12c43 . With suff. pron. bethum-sa, Fél. Ep. 384 n.14 . With ro: rob, Wb. 5d30 , robe, 18c4 , rubé, Ml. 20d4 , rob, Wb. 28a23 , robbé, Sg. 169a1 . -roib, Wb. 16c24 , Ml. 118c5 . Rel. bess, Wb. 5d14 . bes, Ml. 77d3 . Impers. bethir, Wb. 5d33 . rel. bether, Ml. 107d8 . -bether, Wb. 10a18 . 1 pl. bemmi, Wb. 31c11 . beimmi, 19a16 . -bem, 24a10 . -robam, 26c10 . 2 pl. beithe, Wb. 18b16 . bethe, 24b13 . -beith, Ml. 46a10 . -beid, Wb. 27c9 . With ro: -robith, Wb. 26a28 . 3 pl. beit, Wb. 10b5 . rubet, 26a23 . ro be(i)t , Vita Br. 35 . -bet, Wb. 9d27 . -robat, 11d9 . Rel. bete, Wb. 10c22 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. -beind, TBC-I¹ 1856 . -beinn cited GOI § 787 . 2 s. -betha, Wb. 4c24 . 3 s. nobed, Wb. 3b10 . nobeth, Ml. 27b1 . -bed, Wb. 9d1 . -beth, Ml. 88b15 . -robad, Wb. 17a13 . -rabad, 34a4 . Impers. -bethe, Trip.² 2828 . 1 pl. -bemmis, Wb. 9a3 . -beimmis, 29d23 . -bemis, Vita Br. 23 . 2 pl. -bethe, Wb. 9c20 . 3 pl. -betis, Sg. 138a9 . -[ro]ibtis, Wb. 28a1 .

Fut. 1 s. bia, Ml. 137b7 . 2 s. bie, cited GOI § 788 , OIPG 70 . 3 s. bieid, Wb. 4d6 . bied, 14c1 . -bia, 5d35 . -bia (disyll.), Blathm. 572 . -bia and -bía, GOI § 788 . With suff. pron. bethiumm. Ériu xiii 20.6 . bethib, ZCP viii 316.5 (see xxix 174 ). Rel. bias, Wb. 23b38 . bies, Ériu iii 102 § 32 . Impers. beithir, TBFr. 248 . -bether, MacCongl. 61.4 . 1 pl. bemmi, Wb. 9c10 . beimmi, 21b7 . -biam, 15a1 . -piam, 30b17 . 2 pl. bethe, cited GOI § 788 . bethi, Trip.² 1589 . -bied, Wb. 9a21 . -bieid, 26d26 . 3 pl. biet (disyll.), Blathm. 472 . bieit, Wb. 4c40 . biet, 9d27 , Sg. 198b6 (also bíet, GOI § 788 ). -biat, 9c28 . -bíet, 40b14 . Rel. bete, Wb. 13c26 . beite, 4c40 .

Condit. 1 s. nombeinn, Ml. 59a22 . 3 s. nobiad, Ml. 32d5 . -bíad, Wb. 9d1 . 1 pl. nobemmis, Ml. 134b3 . 3 pl. nobetis, Ml. 100c7 .

Pret. 1 s. b, LU 9407 . 2 s. -bá, cited GOI § 789 , OIPG 71 , see perf. 2 s. below. 3 s. bói, Wb. 31c18 . bái, 27a16 . -bói, 17d17 , Ml. 78a4 . Rel. boie, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm.). boīe (MS. ba), Ériu xvi 46.10 (see n. 0 and Celtica vi 223 ). boíë (MS. baoí), Ériu xxvi 67, 85 . Cf. cech nóeb bói, fil, bías, Fél. Ep. 289 (where six sylls. required). With suff. pron. boithus, IT i 137.8 = boithius, 21 . boíthi, Sc.M² 3 . ? baísu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 37.5 . Impers. *both(a)e, postulated GOI § 789 , botha, TBC-I¹ 1572 . -both(a), Vita Br. 33 . 1 pl. bamar, SR 1558 . bámar, 3286 , Imr. Brain i 48.5 . 2 pl. -baid (baïd ?), cited GOI § 789 , OIPG 71 . 3 pl. bātir, TBC-I¹ 217 . -batar, Ml. 55c2 . Rel. batar, Ml. 123b5 . See GOI § 789 .

Perf. 1 s. rob, Wb. 28a9 . -roba, Ml. 44c4 . -raba, TBC-I¹ 3068 . 2 s. rob, LL 14442 . 3 s. robói, Wb. 5c10 . rambái, 2c13 . robui, Ml. 93c3 . -robae, Ml. 41a5 , -robe, Wb. 18d7 , -rabae, Ml. 28d3 . Impers. romboth, Wb. 19a9 . rombod, 5b31 . -rabad, Ériu iv 146.4 . 1 pl. robámmar, Wb. 20d12 . -robammar, Ml. 105b16 . 2 pl. rubaid, Wb. 3b19 . -robaid, Ml. 46a8 . 3 pl. robatar, Wb. 24c5 . robbátar, Sg. 57b1 . -rabatar, Ml. 100c11 . -robatar, Sg. 45b1 . -rabtar, Ml. 37a16 .

Vn. buith.

Vbl. of necess. buithi.

Later forms (see also Ó Máille, Verbs of Existence in Irish, Ériu vi 1 ff. ; Mulchrone, Verbalformen der Vita Tripartita, ZCP xvi 440 ; Falconer, Verbal System of LU Táin, Ériu xvii 116 ; Strachan, Verbal System of SR, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1895, 1 - 76 ; O Daly, Verbal System of LL Táin, Ériu xiv 80 ; Mac Eoin, Verbalsystem von Togail Troi, ZCP xxviii 125 ; Sommerfelt, Le système verbal dans In Cath Catharda, RC xxxviii 41 ; Nuner, Verbal System of the Agallamh na Senórach, ZCP xxvii 272 ; PH Glossary; Lloyd, Impersonal passive forms of the Irish substantive verb, Ériu i 49 ff. ; TD Introd. lxxv ; IGT Verbs § 7 ).

Indic. pres. 1 s. atáu, Trip.² 1412 . atú, 2578 . itu, SR 1187 . it, TBC-LL¹ 434 . atú, IGT Verbs § 7 . ataim, Fier. 14 . -t, Acall. 4516 . 2 s. -tái, SR 3102 . -toi, TBC-I¹ 937 . taoi, TD 15.48 . cia doaisiu mac?, RC xxvi 30 § 128 . 3 s. -t, Trip.² 744 . atá, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. attá, Trip.² 534 , ata, SR 7708 etc., at, Acall. 429 . Impers. atáthar, TBC-LL¹ 3316 . dáthar (: máthar), IGT Verbs ex. 99 . atass, Ériu iv 114 § 17 (:as). -das (: as), IGT Verbs ex. 104 . 1 pl. itám, SR 1727 . tám, 3493 . ataum, PH 1556 . ataim, TBC-LL¹ 874 . atamaoit, TBC St. 121 . atámaoid, atám, IGT Verbs § 7 . -taum, PH 1506 . -dtám (: ár), IGT Verbs ex. 111 . 2 pl. atathai, PH 2734 . atathi, 597 . atáithi (: fáithi), IGT Verbs ex. 105 . -táithi (: sáithi), ex. 96 . -dathai, Alex. 190 . -taidh, Ériu ii 118 § 53 . 3 pl. itāt, TBC-I¹ 3132 . atáit, CCath. 1215 . ataut, PH 1064 . táid, TD 8.5 . -táit, CCath. 1701 . Rel. itat, Trip.² 882 , atat, SR 7949 . For later forms in meaning than (is) see atás, indaas, 4 ol. See also II (d) below and daas.

The form fil. 1 s. ni ḟuilim, ni ḟoilim, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. -fhile, PH 8116 . -fhuile, 3335 , -fuili, Acall. 3217 . -ḟoili, -ḟuile, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. fail, TBC-I¹ 60 , SR 353 etc. ro fail , TBC-LL¹ 263 , fuil, 3072 . -fail, Trip.² 2764 , -fuil, 872 , -uil, PH 3181 , -ḟil, Acall. 3709 . -ḟuil, -ḟoil, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. fil, Trip.² 842 , fail, SR 392 , no fail , 933 . With impers. ending: filter, MacCongl. 31.25 . -fuiltear, TD 2.42 . 1 pl. ra fuilemm , TBC-LL¹ 2971 . -failmet, SR 6320 , -ḟuilmíd, Acall. 5101 . -ḟuilmíd, -ḟoilmíd, -ḟuileam, -ḟoileam, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. -bhḟuilti, Acall. 962 . 3 pl. failet, SR 345 . filet, 477 . fuilet, TBC-LL¹ 4739 . -failet, Trip.² 1119 . -filet, TBC-I¹ 1848 , -fileat, CCath. 1270 . -fuilet, 427 . -fuilid, TD 7.23 . Rel. failet, SR 400 . ra failet , TBC-LL¹ 5225 . fuilet, 4709 . filet, PH 435 . See also do-fil.

Consuet. pres. 1 s. bim, PH 6393 . bím, -bím, IGT Verbs § 7 . ? -ruibim, SG 373.29 . 2 s. -bi, SR 2035 . bí, ní bí, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. bíd, TBC-I¹ 1453 (LU). biid, SR 4537 . bíd, 4588 . -bí, TBC-I¹ 472 . -bíonn, TD 22.12 . -bind, RC xlix 37.13 . bídh, -b, IGT Verbs § 7 . Impers. bither, PH 7441 . -bithar, Laws iv 234.2 Comm. 1 pl. bímit, Acall. 886 . bídmaid, 5481 . bímíd, -bímíd, -bíom, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. bíth, Acall. 6139 . 3 pl. bīd, TBC-I¹ 1075 (bít, LU). -bíat, TTr.² 330 . -bít, PH 4189 , -bíd, TD 5.5 . Rel. bit (= bíït), SR 7259 . bít, TBC-LL¹ 1320 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. do bhínn , TD 23.7 . 3 s. nobīth, TBC-I¹ 593 (nobíid, LU cited above). robíth, TBC-I¹ 1903 (LU). do bhíodh , TD 14.23 . do bhíoth , 26.12 . Impers. bithi, Auraic. 5286 = -bithi, RC xx 150.y (ACC Pref.). no bithea , Acall. 156 . 3 pl. naboitis, TBC-I¹ 855 LU (nobitís, Y). nobīdis, 3621 (Y). bítís, 1898 (LU). no beitis , LL 407a27 . ro bitis , PH 1957 . do bhítís , Acall. 830 . do bhídís , TD 15.18 . Rel. tri cnuasa bítís ann, Acall. 455 .

Ipv. 1 s. bír (: gním), IGT Verbs ex. 94 . 2 s. b, Parrth. Anma 3871 . 3 s. bīdh, ZCP vi 271.z . bíodh, TD 16.2 . bíoth, 17.1 . 1 pl. bíom, Dán Dé xiv 17 . 2 pl. bíthe (: -chíthe), IGT Verbs ex. 95 . bídh, ex. 109 . bidhí, Luc. Fid. 3430 . 3 pl. bíod, TD 16.19 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. ber, SG 172.15 . uér, Ériu ii 92.9 . beor, v 222.46 . bheith mé, TD 8.9 . -ra bur , TBC-LL¹ 1112 . -rabor, ZCP xii 401.30 . ? -rabhus, ZCP v 523.27 = rabasa, Ériu xii 144.12 (TE). -rabar, ZCP iii 32.37 . bear, rabhar, -bear, -rabhar, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. bé, SR 1607 . beir, BNnÉ 288.29 . Acall. 592 . -rab(a)i, BDD² p. 80 . -rabha, Irish Texts iv 75 § 16 . -rabhair, Fing. R. p. 13 note 86 . -mbéis (: Céis), IGT Verbs ex. 100 . -beis(se) (: meise), Dán Dé xiv 20 . -rabais, Fing. R. 86 , BDD² 363 (see ZCP xxvii 75-8 ). beis, rabais, -beis, -rabais, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. beth, TBC-I¹ 270 (beith, v.l.), IGT Verbs ex. 101 . -b, TBC-I¹ 1671 . -raib, Trip.² 2753 . -rab, TBC-I¹ 1430 . -raibhe, Parrth. Anma 2616 . rabh, raibh, -bé, -raibh, -rabh, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. bess, TBC-I¹ 1104 (beis, Y). beas, IGT Verbs § 7 . Impers. bethur, Laws ii 36.20 Comm. 1 pl. beme, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.14 . bemmit, TBC-LL¹ 2137 . bemait, Acall. 5478 . -bém, CCath. 1124 . -beam (: leam), Dán Dé xii 10 . -ruibem, SR 5540 . -rabum, PH 7899 . bheam, rabham, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 pl. bethi, SR 1233 . rabthai, PH 1977 . 3 pl. beit, Trip.² 1653 . -bet, TBC-I¹ 1053 . -beat, Lism. L. 4702 . -rabat, Laws iv 42.29 Comm. -rabut, PH 994 . -rabhait, BNnÉ 269.4 . -rabhaid, Parrth. Anma 2836 . -rabheid, RC xxix 136 § 51 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. do beinn , do rabainn , IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. no beithi , Trip.² 2972 . no beithe , 2983 = no bethe , Trip. 252.21 . do beitheá , TD 1.44 . 3 s. no beith , Trip.² 2967 . nobith, TBC-I¹ 3543 . dá mbeadh , TD 29.6 . -mbeath, IGT Verbs ex. 97 . -rabad, RC iii 184.24 . Impers. -bethe, Trip.² 2828 . -bette, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.19 . rabtha, TBC-LL¹ (C) 1675 . 1 pl. dá mbiadh sinn, TD 28.25 . 3 pl. nobeitis, SR 7855 . nobeidis, TBC-I¹ 3557 . dá mbeith siad, TD 26.36 .

Fut. (see Bergin, Ériu ii 46-8 ) 1 s. bíat, TTr.² 89 . biat, PH 1244 . biad (bíatt v.l.), CCath. 5137 . bhead, Parrth. Anma 6378 . bed, ZCP vi 41.10 . bét, 69.2 . bett, BNnÉ 52 § 42 . -biu, TBC-LL¹ 882 . -bhiú, Dán Dé xiv 20 . biad, -bi, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. bía, Trip.² 1593 . biae, SR 1599 . -bíai, BNnÉ 291 § 2 . biaidh tú, TD 1.26 . bía, -bía, IGT Verbs § 7 . bethair, ZCP ii 225.4 . 3 s. bied, LU 10362 . biaid, Trip.² 1071 . biáid, TBC-I¹ 169 (LU). biaidh, -bia, IGT Verbs § 7 . Rel. bíes, Trip.² 2671 . bés, CCath. 300 , bes, 657 . bess, PH 4666 . bhias, TD 3.50 . do biass , L. Chl. S. 1 . Impers. beither, Acall. 5259 . beithir, ZCP x 415.11 . 1 pl. bemit, LU 9753 , PH 1501 . bemait, CCath. 1467 . -bem(ni, LU 9753 . beimíd, -biam, IGT Verbs § 7 . -biaim(ne) (: siairni), ex. 108 . ? -ben, BCC 396.19 . 2 pl. bethi, SR 3083 . beitte (: eiti) (beththi, bete v.l.), IGT Verbs ex. 102 . -bed, Trip.² 1590 . 3 pl. biait, Trip.² 2665 , TBC-I¹ 2057 (beite, LU). biat, Trip.² 1288 . beit, TBC-I¹ 80 . beiti, TBC-I¹ 2078 . beti, SR 8157 . betit, SR 853 . TBC-LL¹ 246 , TTr.² 760 . beidid, ZCP x 338 § 1 . -bīat, TBC-I¹ 1132 . beidíd síad, BCC 290.12 . beid, -bíad, IGT Verbs § 7 .

Condit. 1 s. no-béind, PH 6107 . dobeind, 7489 . do beinn, -beinn, IGT Verbs § 7 . 2 s. do bheitheá , TD 19.13 . 3 s. no biadh , CCath. 3754 . -bied, TBC-I¹ 504 . ro bífad , TBC-LL¹ 5112 . rot-fiadh, IT iii 320.4 ( Cóir Anm. 70 ). do biath (: sgiath), IGT Verbs ex. 97 . do bhiadh , TD 2.54 . Impers. no bethe , TTr.² 533 . 3 pl. do bheidīs , Parrth. Anma 5227 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ro-bádus, PH 699 . do bhádhus , TD 23.6 . do bhí mé, 5 . -rabus, Acall. 7913 . -rabhas, 1584 . -rabadhus, 356 . do bá , -raba; do bádhus , -rabadhas, IGT Verbs § 7 . do basa ( : bádusa; proscribed form), ex. 103 . 2 s. ro bhádhuis , CCath. 553 . do bhí tú, TD 28.6 . -rabadais, PH 3725. 8121 . -rabhais, Acall. 123 . do bhádhuis , -rabhadhuis, IGT Verbs § 7 . 3 s. bae, SR 7608 . bóe, 6265 . baei, BDD² 127 . búi, CCath. 95 . -bae, SR 4975 . -buí, Trip.² 1505 . robai, SR 2229 , robae, 2262 . robói, PH 2572 . ro bí , CCath. 1302 . robuidh, Ériu iii 198 § 22 . do bí , CCath. 278 . do bhói , Acall. 58 . do bhaoi (: draoi), Dán Dé xii 22 . -rubai, SR 1241 . -roibe, BDD² 498 , -roibi, 1393 . -roba, 251 . -raba, 1533 . -raibhe, TD 2.25 . -rabha, 8.36 . -robha, 1 . do bí , -raibi, do baí , -rabha, IGT Verbs § 7 . With depon. ending -rabhustair, BNnÉ 322 § 31 . Rel. boí, Trip.² 626 . bāi, TBC-I¹ 1277 . būi, 630 . ro bae , Trip.² 288 . ro buí , BDD² 287 . ro baí , 1451 . ro boí , 1517 . Impers. both, Trip.² 2264 . rombatha, Ériu ii 20 § 3 (-a added later). -rabad, iv 146.4. robās, TBC-I¹ 2147 . rombas, SR 7564 , robás, TTr.² 151 . -rabus, Trip.² 54 . rabas, Laws iv 212.22 Comm. , -bádus, MacCongl. 43.22 . -bás, 61.3 . do bás , do bas , -rabas, IGT Verbs § 7 . do bas (: as), ex. 98 . do bhás (: fhás), Dán Dé xxvi 9 . 1 pl. bāmur, TBC-I¹ 399 . do bámar , Acall. 1283 . do bhámair (: Ádhaimh), Dán Dé xv 17 . -rabamar, TBC-I¹ 2495 . 2 pl. robabair, Anecd. ii 14.9 . -babhair, Blathm. 23 (see notes ). robadbair, TBC-I¹ 2502 . do bhábhair , TD 22a.1 . -rabhuir, Acall. 114 . -rabhabhair, TD 22a.2 . 3 pl. bādar, TBC-I¹ 472 . -bátir, TTr.² 1308 . ro badar , CCath. 573 n. ro bádar , Acall. 75 . do bídur , 5942 . -rabadar, TBC-I¹ 3108 . -rabhadair, TD 26.10 . ro baisit , O'Dav. 728 . -rabhsad, TD 16.21 . Rel. bátar, Trip.² 591 . BDD² 505 . ro bátar , 543 . Vn. an bheith , IGT Verbs § 7 . Vbl. of necess. beitte, TD 28.30 .

Cf. cenmothá, íarmothá, óthá.

Used in meaning is in a large variety of contexts. Normally replaced by copula (see 1 is) in certain fixed syntactical patterns (classification, identification, etc.), and when used in these cases exceptional (see above and II below).

I Expressing existence.

(a) Used absolutely is, exists, there is, etc.: ata in coimdiu gl. Dominus in cælo sedis eius, Ml. 30b27 . nabad hed a méit nádmbǽ `let it not be only that it is not' gl. nec nominetur in uobís, Wb. 22b14 . ní fil aimsir nad mbed ref. to fuit et est semper, Ml. 17a15 . ní torménmar-ni ara mbetis in gnimai sin gl. præter spem nostram, etc., 115b1 . ni fil chumtubairt gl. indubitabilia, etc., Sg. 154b2 . ma nubed `if it existed', 31b21 . ro baoi siomh re tuisdinsiú `he existed', Blathm. 632 . as e as soithcerndomh fil, 773 . ma rombe is maith if it is, it is well, Laws iv 2.14 Comm. ni rabi uair . . . nad ro bai `there was no hour . . . that He existed not', Ériu ii 106 § 16 . a cin for athair .i. uair na bí mac, Laws iv 240.16 Comm. Columb [ro]baoi, Columb bīaas, ZCP viii 198 § 20 . tar ēis a mic . . . / nī raba acht dā aenbliadain `was alive only two years', Ériu iii 198 § 24 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be by saying there is a covenant though there is not, Laws iv 52.30 Comm. ni tha . . . ní a ngeimre in winter there is nothing, 90.1 (with petrified inf. pron. 3 s. n. in dat. sense?). ní bía terca bíd there will not be a scarcity of food, BColm. 52.5 . bid dno maith, ┐ ni bi derrscugud de `yet there is good, and nothing to surpass it', Auraic. 703 . is tré ómun bíid serc, Ériu i 195.1 . céin beti neóil im gréin ngil, Metr. Dinds. ii 38.z . i céin raibh nemh is talamh as long as . . . endure, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . bai cocad mor etarro, RC xxiv 186 § 19 . In phrase (acht) atá ní (chena) but, moreover, see 1 ní (e).

In periphrasis when emphasis on some element other than the verb is required: bieid nach dréct diib hícfider, Wb. 4d6 . bieid bes ferr de, 32a13 . do budh cusmail rit co robuis uair ecin, ┐ co n[d]ingenta rét feramail `that thou wert once such an one that thou couldst . . .', ZCP vi 87.13 . ba-sa tan / nī folabrainn ilach gamh, Ériu ii 95 § 3 . ata[a]t .iii. cáini nad chumgat comarbai do chumscuchud, Ériu xvii 68 § 9 ( Laws iv 210 ). Note further: atāit teora brīathra / ata lōgmaire for nim, ZCP vii 312 § 25 .

With words expressing time: bieid aimser nad creitfider, Wb. 28c14 . aidchi robuī `one night', Ériu ii 222.25 . fecht robai `once', Mon. Tall. 147.2 (§ 52) . biaidh uair 's . . . a time will come when, Dán Dé vii 31 .

Introducing a statement: cia beith ara rogba bóairechas riasíu ropo chúairddulchach though it be that he assume, Críth G. 67 . dá mbeith fós go mbiadh an Fhraingc comh líonmhar ┐ adeir seisean `granted that', Keat. ii 933 . má tá go seachnoid síol Éibhir . . ., TD 29.7 . ci(d), gi(d) bé whatever, whoever (see Ériu xii 210 ): ria flaithaib, .i. rias na flaithib, cibe flaithe iat `whatever chieftains they be', Laws iv 154.17 . gidh bé lá cheannghar an chairt, Dán Dé xiv 17 . cidh bé do bhean díbh an dúthaigh, DDána 26.1 . bíd (ipv. 3 s.) co n- although: admhuim . . . mo pheactha . . . bīodh gomadh é mo mhīan a bhfolach though I should wish to hide them, Parrth. Anma 4625 . bīodh nach gcaoifithea go spesialta fá gach peacadh though you might not weep specially for each sin, Mac Aingil 235 . bíth gur gheallas . . . though I promised, Ó Bruad. ii 212 § xiv . In constr. manibed x ní bíad y were it not for x y would not be, see má II (b).

(b) The subst. vb. is usual with predicates consisting of adverbial phrases of all kinds (prep. and noun, adjj. and nouns used adverbially, etc.) and thus enters into a large and varied corpus of idioms. A select list follows. Reference should in all cases also be made to the nouns, adjj., adverbs and prepositions concerned.

With CO: atáthar sund chucut your adversary is approaching, LL 10300 ( TBC-LL¹ 3316 ).

With CO N-: atúsa com thegluch there is myself and my household troop, TBC-LL¹ 437 .

With DI: im chaingin robui de muintir Tamlachti friss `about a business that arose between the monastery of Tallaght and him', Mon. Tall. 157.7 (§ 72) . masu de chlaind Echdach aird / atāi, ZCP xi 108 § 1 . ní bia debaid . . . de, Ériu iv 108 § 69 . Of materials: an crann dobí na sesam ... dobí sé do cepresus was a (lit. of) cupressus, Maund. 9 . In phrase a.¤ di such is: roboi du meit a pecthae `so great were their sins', Ml. 98c6 . má beth tra do hūaite ind āessa gráid `if the ordained folk be too few', Ériu i 220 § 13 .

With DO: biid do anmmaim cathrach `(Samnis) is as the name of the city', Sg. 104b5 . nád robatar suin do ṡlund in dúildetad inchoisget `there were not words (enough) to signify . . .', 45b1 . manusbeth tenga dia relad `if (the sun) had a tongue', Ériu ii 126 § 81 . ata eric a fogla do dul a ruradh o duine, Laws iv 50.5 Comm. Expressing possession, etc.: con roib core dúib fri cách so that you may be at peace with all men, Wb. 26b30 . in fochricc file do i nnim, 29b29 . cach ngrád asid n-ísliu bíid dó i céilsini, Críth G. 374 . robi timna in ríg don Comdhe, RC xviii 182.5 . nico mbái dó acht bás there was nothing for him but death, Vita Br. 32 . fecht robúi damsae domchaomnacuir `once it happened to me', Mon. Tall. 144.7 (§ 45) . atá damhsa ris an dáimh / gan ísliughadh neith dá gcáil it is my duty in regard to the sages not to belittle . . ., Content. xiv 8 .

With FOR (later AR): as ṅdath glas roboi forsind sl[é]ib the mountain was green, Ml. 84d4 . cech dath is maith ré neach bid forro, RC vi 183.9 . cēin beó ar in mbith mbuide, Ériu ii 92.16 . nocha cuinnghim bethaid mbí / ōtú ar sīth mo Rīgh amuigh since I am outside the palace of my king(?), ZCP vii 301 § 10 . scríbend menmman .i. robbói for a inndṡliucht-som `it had been in his mind', Sg. 178b4 . in sét atá form aire on which I am intent, Ériu vi 115 § 6 . a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh though I greatly desire to do so, Dán Dé xix 6 .

With FRI: nobiad fri femen `it would be (used) with the feminine', Sg. 207b2 . ní biat remsuidigthi friu `there are no prepositions with them', 215a5 . ni humhal robabair rim cen erghe rónn you were not submissive to me, Anecd. ii 14.9 . ba [mait]h ro mboth friu they were well treated, TBFr. 145 . is throit ra bass risin fer út that man was quickly dispatched, TBC-LL¹ 2986 ( LL 10035 ).

With I: is hi tuaisciurt slebe sióin ata in chathir, Ml. 67d8 . ataam ar ndiis i cuimriug, Wb. 32a28 . is and . . . bieid finis, 13b29 . is sunt bia-sa i n-eilithri, Ml. 137b7 . nach dú i mbí isnaib salmaib iustitia, 109a2 . bēti a scēla illāidib, ZCP iii 37.32 . dēna torba airm i mbī, vii 311 § 9 . ro-bas i lurg an madma la clannaibh Néill the Clanna N. pursued the rout, xiv 234.16 . adh bes fiu da trian na samuisce atá isín focreic, issed ata isin fogail doníther ris na ferandaib cétna i fuacht an geimridh `a calf which is worth two thirds of the `samhaisc'-heifer which is paid for the rent, it is it that is paid for the trespass', Laws iv 92.16 Comm. cínta do niad na cethra . . . leth a mbia ina nairlim isedh bias ina tairsci `half of that fine which lies for their `airlim'-trespass . . .', 74.8 Comm. cod a midídar ruire trachta ┐ raite? Nin; co rabadar ocht nurcora dec and do fhleascach, 138.4 Comm. ní bhíadh na ghoin é d'oighedh / toil Dé muna deónaighedh His wound would not be enough to cause His death, IGT Decl. ex. 378 . Common in form with suff. pron. 3 s. n. ma beith nech and tra labrathar ilbélre if there be anyone, etc., Wb. 13a4 . ar atá brithem and cenut-su `a judge is there apart from thee', 6b25 . ataat alaaili interiecta and it coitchena do cach ceniul, Sg. 10a1 . attaad teora bliadna and. Niconcomracamar díoblíonaib `it is three years since we two had intercourse', Mon. Tall. 134.26 (§ 21) . For phr. cid fil and trá see trá. In idiom tá sé i n-a fhear he is a man (see Dillon, ZCP xvii 307 ff. ): is amlaid . . . atá in rigsudi sin inna chathaír chumtachta, LU 2005 ( FA 7 ). cidead bes ina bibdaid `even though he be a caitiff', Ériu v 22.20 . gu raibhe 'na cholum ghel, Acall. 1080 . ce raib se i n-a fhír, PH 7324 . do bí 'n-a mnaí grádaig ac Find, Acall. 2018 . do rígh gion go rabhthá id mhac, DDána 91.15 . Note also: tuc . . . aithne gurbh e righ Eirenn do bí ann that it was in fact the king, Ériu iii 152 § 6 . ro innis do gur 'uo he Isu ro ui ann, RC xii 344.15 .

With IMM: ni baitir, ni loisctir cein beit immo `he is not drowned or burnt as long as they are on him', RC vi 183.8 .

With LA: gan bheith le Dia is ann bhus aithreach if we are not on God's side, Dán Dé x 27 . Expressing possession and related ideas: is lib atá a rogu, Wb. 9a23 . is derb lium attá latsu gl. certus sum autem quod et in té, 29d14 . ainmm ninchoisc cenéuil issed file la laitnóri, Sg. 30b8 . is airi nobíth digaimm leo ante ρ. sin, 9b10 . ni fil bríg laisiom hisind accobar sin `he considers that such desire is no great matter,' Mon. Tall. 151.13 (§ 62) . is dé atá lem, fobíth, etc. this is why I think so (of an assertion), TTr.² 343 . itá a rīgan la cach ríg sund, TBC-I¹ 190 . fail leis secht nimi, SR 629 . ar ní ḟil acht oenlám lim, LL 14150 .

With ó: báoi alaile anchoire antuaid o sláne `there was a certain anchorite from Slane in the North', Mon. Tall. 159.8 (§ 77) . cech lennánacht fil isin domvn is úadhi atá originates with her, TTr.² 370 . Bressal Ó Tressaig ō' tāit / Hī Tressaig `. . . from whom are sprung', Ériu ii 50 § 7 . ni fil[et] o neoch ┐ ni filter uaidibh `they are not derived from anything, and nothing is derived from them', Auraic. 1507 .

With OC: ar notéighed dīa sathairn init co mbídh oc Cnocc Droma Coblai, ZCP viii 106.29 = Trip.² 2858 . ma no bith . . . mo c[h]laideb acom if I had my sword, TBC-I¹ 3543 . co rabat aidmi oc cech altōir . . ., Ériu i 219 § 9 . in ti ac na biat ba, Laws iv 36.10 Comm. in fhil biad ocaib sund? PH 6709 . ná raibh agad ar n-éra `refuse me not', Studies 1918, 99 § 16 . In impers. constr. cindas atathar occat? how are affairs with thee? RC xxvi 368.9 . a.¤ y oc x x has the power to do y: ní bhía . . . ag boigṡín / mo chor tar creich Phádraigín, Ériu ix 163 § 7 .

With adverbs and adv. phrases: céin bett abus `while they are here below', BColm. 98.28 . ní rubai nach cruth ailiu `it cannot be otherwise', Sg. 7b3 . ataat ám in chrut sin, 140b1 . hóre nád robe Tit ar mo chiunn, Wb. 14d29 . na muindtire bís id choimidecht `of the monks that live with thee', Mon. Tall. 128.8 (§ 3) . dá rabh mé ar éanmhagh is í, Dán Dé ix 12 . is bether go hīsiul de, ZCP x 51.6 . bidh co mín michuir ret c[h]airdibh, vi 272 § 3 . is samlaid insin robói a flaithemnacht indibsi, Ml. 18a8 . nī hamlaid beitid na nāimh . . ., ZCP xiii 9.26 . dobadus co subhach rompa, KMMisc. 319.27 . léig mar atāit tall, ZCP viii 202.4 . trath atusa sund, TBC-LL¹ 2379 . ionmhuin uan nar fhás ó mhnaoi / do bhás go truagh ar a thí, Dán Dé xxvi 9 . Note also: dá mbem a-moigh `if we win forth', Ériu ix 162 § 2 . With interrogatives: ceth leth atā E., TBC-I¹ 376 . can ata? whence is it? Hib. Min. 8.270 . cāit atā do t[h]igerna?, TBC-I¹ 789 . ciatā inso?, ZCP viii 311.13 . a Findtain, arse, ┐ Éri cía gabad ca rabad inde? `where have things been therein?' Ériu iv 146 § 23 .

(c) Used with inf. and suff. pron. to express possession. With inf. pron.: rosmbia a lóg `they shall have payment for it', Wb. 5d35 . ind indocbál no-b-tá in futuro, 14c16 . ro-n-da-biad cech maith, Ml. 33b13 . rombia-sa la dia . . . a day will come for me when, Vita Br. 12 . roborbē (roburbe v.l.) which is yours, Cáin Ad. 27 . nīmthat asnai I have no ribs, TBC-I¹ 2871 . gell cóic sét di neoch rodmbí `of whatever he has', Críth G. 283 and n. uair nach tá tír dia fhulung fri re napuidh because he has no land to support him (?), Laws iv 30.19 Comm. rom be nem may I have heaven, Snedg. u. Mac R 14 § 76 . Femen intan rombai rí . . . when it had a king, RC xvii 148.19 . cia luag nomtha?, SR 1165 . rombí lethbairgen, Anecd. i 73 § 211 . atbert Cathair nimthasa ní dhuit I have nothing to give you, LL 386b22 . Note also: nintha do imtecht liumm `I have (lit. we have) no news', RC xiii 222.20 . With cumang (or similar word) and prep. DO has the power to: nímtha cumachtæ ṅdo, Ml. 140b7 . ní-s-ta som . . . cumang domm orcuin-se, 60d3 . nísmbói didiu do chumacc a mmbo do imain they hadn't the strength to, Vita Br. 24 . sáerthar lat in domnach cech cumang rotbé (rodbe, rotbia, v.ll.) dó `with all your might', Ériu ii 204 § 22 . nícom thása cumang dia tabair[t], TBFr. 302 . apraind nachimbai-si nert do theacht cucu alas that I had not strength . . ., TBC-I¹ 3439 . Used independently is able: nīmt[h]a a dechmad d'indisin / nech doní do maith `I cannot tell a tithe of all the good he does', BColm. 70.6 . nimta-sa sin . . . uair da caithius mo dan re sciathaib Ulad I cannot do that . . ., Ériu v 72.8 . Note also: ango dano for Ingcél adfía basa lecht bas briscium `peradventure I shall be the frailest corpse', BDD 102h ( RC xxii 211 ) = at-mbia basa lecht bas brisceam, BDD² 716 (leg. ro-t-bia?).

With suffixed pron. taithiunn . . . / ni fris tarddam ar n-áthius `we have . . . something to which to apply our acuteness', Thes. ii 293.19 . táithi caire umai he has a bronze cauldron, Críth G. 197 . tathum rūn, TBC-I¹ 848 . bethib sūirsi lim-sa dano ye will enjoy freedom with me, ZCP viii 316.5 . tathat lim logh do áes, logh do sinnsire thou hast with me = I accord thee, xii 365.13 . baíthium anfud mílach mend, LU 3018 . tathuib comram, Rawl. 88b51 . tathum o día praind, Anecd. i 64 § 120 . tāthud ochtar la suidiu / airm hi fail a crōlighe `thou wilt find eight men . . .', Fianaig. 12 § 16 . tathai eolus maith, ZCP vii 310 § 1 . tatos subhae `they have happiness', Blathm. 82 . Pleonastically: tathai erouidh . . . bithbron `Herod . . . has eternal sorrow', 83 .

(d) In nasalising rel. clauses to denote has something the matter, is ailing: ced das in ben maith? `what ails the good woman?', Thes. ii 329.48 . cidh tás do sūil, a clērich? what is the matter with your eye? RC xxvii 280 § 35 . Oengus mac in Dagdai hisiurcc di bliadan. Cid tas or Bodb, RC iii 345.9 . ra[fh]etur sa . . . an daas ind ingen what is wrong with the girl, Vita Br. 5 . ni fetarsa cid no-tó I do not know what is the matter with me, ZCP viii 176.5 . cid no-taí? Sc.M² 3 . roḟetarsa a n-attath[a]i. Ni taam ni or Cano, Anecd. i 9.25 ( SCano 293 ). cid tāthaí, a maccu? . . . oc imresain atām . . ., Ériu viii 157.16 . ni confetatarsin cid rombui hissennath, RC iii 344.10 . dia ḟis cid robái (rombui, v.l.) grían to find out what was the matter with the sun, Ériu iv 140.13 .

With prep. DO feels (inimically) towards, is angry with, worries: propter incredulitatem fracti sunt .i. cani airi .i. badochu lem són is [hed] romboth doib that is the fault found with them, Wb. 5b31 . cren dímsa m'ingin . . . Cid dathir di? . . . Is dichmarcach what cause of annoyance has she given? Vita Br. 13 . fiarfaig Conchobar scēla dō. —Cidh tāi di ṡodain? ol Bricriu why do you bother with it? ZCP v 502.15 . cadai-siu duind?, TTebe 424 . In good sense treats in a special manner: ca tāthar dúin do domnach des / sech gach laithi lāndiles? `why do we hold Sunday above . . .?' Ériu iii 143 § 7 . With added prep.: cidh 'ma bfuile dam? ZCP x 10.11 . ná bí réd chathrachaibh dhúinn `talk not to us of your forts', Content. vi 31 . See further s.v. daas. Frequ. in class. verse in phrase gá dtá, dás (acht) what is the use? in short. Either gá dtá or gá tá may be used to suit alliteration, see Ir. Syll. Poetry 86 . fogus orchra don éigsi / gá ttás cur ré coiméidsi `how can she be saved?' Studies 1923, 421 § 1 . gá dás luadh imdheachta an ḟir? `what need to recount', TD 13.40 . gá dás mé dá mīrbuile / acht sé d'fás ó ÓghMuire, IGT Decl. ex. 200 . gá dtám? —acht torchuir bu dheas in short, TD 3.10 . With follg. prep.: gá dtám ris . . . / acht meise féin foidhidneach, TD 3.41 . ga dtú ris, a rí L.? / ort chuirim mo chomuirghe, 30.12 . ní bhiú ris acht, Dán Dé vi 31 . ní fhuilim dó, xi 30 .

(e) With words indicating number, quantity in sense of accompanied by, having: bí[i]th a th[a]urchreicc cóic ṡétaib, Críth G. 71 . baei Conairi a ceithri cairpthig il-Lifiu, BDD 12 (a cethror cairpdech, v.l.). itó-sa lín do gona, TBC-LL¹ 434 . denam d'ḟiadach na muice in lín Feinde atámait, Acall. 2223 . atáthaoi líon a n-ithte, Keat. iii 4439 . atú-sa caegait fer, MR 248.17 . Later: bed-sa ┐ mili ridiri maraen rium ad diaig, ZCP vi 41.9 .

II Expressing state, condition, kind, etc. with pred. consisting of noun, pron. or adj. (usage more usual with copula, see introd. section above).

(a) With noun pred.: boe sab suithe cech dind, ACC 26 ( RC xx 168 ). boe saegul sneid, 24 . boe dind oc libur leigdocht, 27 . biait betha airchind they will be chieftains of the world, Rawl. 125b9 . With subj. standing between the vb. and pred.: atá dia atach ṅ-dún-ni ais dethrebo God is a refuge to us the people of the two tribes, Ml. 66d1 . bói Fíachnae Lurga athair Mongáin, Imr. Brain 42.1 . Cf. Sg. 20b3 .

(b) With adj. pred.: boe seim sáth, ACC 25 . biat slana, SR 4167 (copula?). feib atam nocht, 1347 (copula?). bía slan, LU 3344 ( SCC 13 ). Cf. habe . . . (.i. sana sis .i. slán bee), Enchir. Aug. 82a ( ZCP vii 484 ). dlegar doibsium na be lobtaigh cor ( ar dlegar doibsium na bed lobthaig cor, O'Dav. 1191 ) (Atk. in Glossary emends to be[t]), Laws iv 54.10. atámait ainmfesach, RC xxiv 371.7 . bítíss meth (leg. methi, ed.) occ tinntúd, IT iii 235.z . co filim garbliath i rricht, LU 1272 . ro boísium imnedach i tossuch a bethad, LL 7305 . ro-bádus-[s]a dronnach, PH 2788 . céin beorsa beó as long as I am alive, Ériu v 222.46 . is follus co fuilti eaclach, Fier. 69 . maith dīghōltar ant andlocht / bethar taoblom tarrnocht trūagh folk will be, ZCP xii 395.23 . With subj. betw. vb. and pred.: is trissa ndede sin biid duine slán et fírian, Wb. 4d33 . amal mbís tegdís fás [amm]edón ┐ scópthe gl. sicut domus uacans et scopata, Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485.23 ). arrobói a rígthech lán de rígaib, Imr. Brain 1 . amal no beithi féin béo and, Trip.² 2972 . co mbatar na hádnaicti óbéla, PH 676 . bis an puls tonnmur lethan, Rosa Angl. 272.8 . oir dobi se crodha do laim ┐ mor do mét, Fier. 2 .

(c) With part. as pred. Immediately follg. vb. (see GOI 475-6 ; OIPG 147 ): amal nombemmis érchóilti gl. tanquam morti destinatos, Wb. 9a3 . biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg `be ye opened before your king' (of doors), Ml. 46a7 . co rabais (rabhdais, v.l.) marbtha mudaigthi, TTebe 854 . With subj. standing between vb. and pred.: ataat mesai Dǽ nephchomtetarrachti the judgements of God are incomprehensible, Ml. 55d11 . céin nombetis inna saigtea tuidmithi inna feuil `as long as the arrows were fixed in his flesh', Ml. 58a9 . órobatar ind liss dúntai, Imr. Brain 1 . co ra-bi in uli demnaigecht fomamaigthi dó, PH 2796 .

(d) In sentences where the vb. stands in a nasalising rel. clause and refers to a pred. expressed in the principal clause: is faittech rond-boi som, Ml. 21d4 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, 56c22 . fer . . . nadip romar bed a sommæ a man . . . whose wealth should not be too great, Thes. ii 241.9 . is-gáibthech atátur i-sin-magh sin, RC xxiv 378.12 . is trog robas isin chotlad sin, Ériu v 34.z . ní cás duid madh diomdhach raibh / grása Dé . . ., Dán Dé xix 22 . [is] slán do bhaoi an brat-sain, xii 22 .

(e) In the type of sentence where the description constitutes an independent sentence with copula: ego sum uermis et non homo .i. atāim-si conad cruim mē ┐ nāch duine, Corm. Y 211 . ro boi Victor co mbo ḟortachtaigthid do Pátraic, ACL iii 10 § 8 = Trip.² 217 . unus non est . . . .i. nochon fhil int aen co mbad airim, acht ata conidh fotha airim, Auraic. 689 . dom dóigh . . . robadhuis uair ecin ┐ roba díl anora tú `it seems to me . . . that there was once a time when thou wert worthy of honour', ZCP vi 99.5 .

1 baile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 baile or dil.ie/5186
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bailti

n io, m. (cf. 1 bail) b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 2 (39.20) . n p. bailti (proscribed form), ex. 65 .

(a) place; settlement; farm, ), farmstead (see Price, Celtica vi 119 ff. , Éigse xxxiv 25-26 , BUPNS ser. 2, i 8-13 ): b.¤ .i. inad, Stowe Gl. 231. Lec. Gl. 33. b.¤ gl. villa, Ir. Gl. 110. áitreoir, áitreabhach, fear b.¤ inhabitant, Eg. Gl. 7. [cipsi] airm (.i. b.¤) ina corp. . . ., Bretha § 16 n.2. im baliu aili, Vita Br. 25. isin bale cétna, Thes. ii 329.6 (Hy. v Comm.). is bréc bríg in domain / do chách dia mbí b.¤ `whose abode it is', Fél. Prol. 146. isin bailiu sin (sc. Inber Slan), Trip.² 375. rop eclas cathalacda iar tain bali in ro adnacht, LU 4095. ar ṅdúnaid ┐ ar ṅdegbaleda, LL 22653. macc do dia mac do muire / dia is duine i noenb.¤ , LB 185.1 . Raith guth aird in baili adta Lec Patraic aniu, Laws i 2.3 Comm. gilla na filedh . . . bis a bailiu i mbailiu, 106.11 Comm. dia bailib `to his own land', Ériu xvi 164 § 38. b.¤ Bél leice Manerium de Bel lecce (in bilingual document), Hy Fiach. 458.5 . na bailida, Ann. Conn. 1225.27 . bailte ceall gan cumhsccugadh (i.e. sites for churches), BNnÉ 283.z. Often of religious foundations: uair ba b.¤ la Comghall Disiort Diarmada, TFrag. 204.8 . i mbali Ruadain, LL 19269. ro mhill an b.¤ co mór (of Iona), AFM iii 134.20 .

(b) (fortified) village , town, city: grágan, b.¤, cuimin, a village, a suburb , Eg. Gl. 357. Luca ainm a b.¤ duthaigh, CCath. 932. tar mur an baili amach, TTebe 4832 . do brath na mbailed marcaig market towns, Ann. Conn. 1249.11 . cathracha ┐ bailti, Maund. 151. go hairdegluis an bh.¤ = unto the principall church of the towne, RSClára 79b . trí bh.¤ chuain . . . Port Lairge, Áth Cliath ┐ Luimneach = tres civitates construxerunt, Keat. iii 2905. a Muineachán . . . b.¤ longpuirt Meg Mh. `stronghold', Fl. Earls 60.1 . leo ní díol ríoghacht[a] ar mbailte thrācht `commercial towns (?)´ Celtica iv 105 § 1 .

(c) b.¤ (equated with b.¤ biattaig (see 1 bíattach) by O'Donovan, Hy Fiach. 204n .) used of a specific measure of land, thirty bailes making up the trícha cét ( ML 107 § 4 and see also Ériu xx 188 , Landscape Archaeology in Ireland 319, 323-24 ); a townland: naoi mb.¤ naoi lethbh./naoi leth triucha naoi triucha, LL 396.12 . conach baí fer lethbali i nUltaib na toracht and, MU² 195. fer b.¤ na feraind dib, LB 143a47 . b.¤ chongmhas trí ched bó / le taeb dhá ṡeisrigh dhég, ML 107 § 5. fiche b.¤ fós is cúig chéd / is chúig mhíle / . . . / an lín b.¤ 'tá a n-Eirind, 108 § 11. do gabatar b.¤ ┐ leth Alban ar éiccin `more than half', L. Chl. S. 2. crioch ┐ torann Ereann . . . othá cuicceadh co tuaith, ó thuaith co b., ┐ o b.¤ go traighidh do thír, AFM i 116.z .

(d) passage (in book or speech): is báile inso sís as incertus `this below is a place that is `incertus',' Thes. ii 45.11 (Ardm.). ni fil isin scribtuir . . . bale . . . asa ṅgabtha numir bliadan na essise, Rawl. 75a48 . an b.¤ ata an tsoilbech beithach la logh n-imaetha, Laws v 342.21 Comm. aei [ḟ]reslígi [ḟ]ria ha cantain i n-aen baili ┐ Cro Cumaisc fri a ndeliugud together, MacCarthy 122.y.

(e) Conj. (in) b.¤ , (a) b.¤ (bala) where, wherever: baili i comrecdais dā ūaitne chomlaind, TBC-I¹ 2432. b.¤ itá Saball Pátraic indiu, Trip.² 377. bali i rrolsat a carnd, BDD² 628. tínaicid a rath in bale is áil dó wherever he likes, PH 5493. ag so a bhala a ndub[har]t tu . . ., Bard. Synt. Tr. 43.42 . ag so a b[h]aile, 2 . bíd cách a bh.¤ i mbí a dtail, DDána 107.7 . a-bh. i dteagar thairis `where folk speak of Him', Aithd. D. 75.4 . abhaile a mbí séimhiughadh wherever, IGT Introd. 17.19 . bhala ar cuireadh a chorp `where his body was buried', Rel. Celt. ii 170.29 . bh.¤ nach ttreabhaid = in which they may not plough, RSClára f. 42a . See 1 bail.

(f) Adv. a thabhairt a bh.¤ to bring it home, Donlevy 436.10 . an rabha ag b.¤ ag Eoin . . . `at home ', Rel. Celt. ii 194.x . amuigh ┐ a mb.¤ `at home and abroad', Donlevy 432.21 .

(g) Freq. in nn. loc. See Hog. Onom., FM Index and O'Don. Suppl.

beus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beus or dil.ie/5807

Forms: beos, beós, bós, fós, beos, beós, béus, bhius, bós, bhós

part also beos. Later beós, bós, fós (see fós). Disyll., Lament 13 , as monosyll., SR 5046. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 271 , 457 . b.¤ in Ml. ( beous, Ml. 77b2 ), beos in Wb., Sg. 201b15 . b.¤ , LU 3395 , beós, 3740 . béus, LL 12521. bhius, TBC-LL¹ 6014. bós, Mon. Tall. 158.32 . bhós allit. with bhás, DDána 34.26 ( fós . . . fúthaibh, 26. 2 ).

(a) still, yet: b.¤ gl. usque (adhúc), Ml. 63a5 . do-b-tromma a n-accobor collnide beos gl. adhuc, Wb. 8c8 . beos gl. adhuc, 14c1 . atbiur beos `I say it still', 9b20 . béus = adhuc, Lat. Lives 52 § 44. ind hí lanamnas atái béus? `art thou still in the married state?' Mon. Tall. 134.25 . baí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9035 ( FB 78 ). bá ógṡlan b.¤ it was still whole, 10022 . cundat marthanaig béos still in existence (pillar-stones), MU² 310 (LL). co se b.¤ as yet, LU 5087 (TBC). With neg. ni thucat beos ruín ind rechto `they do not yet understand the mystery of the Law', Wb. 15a34 . ni rochumscigther són beos `it can never be moved', 30b15 . nimda sátech dom cluchi béos, LU 4996 ( TBC-I¹ 508 ).

(b) further; moreover, again; besides, also, in addition: do irgairiu na sainte beos `also to forbid greed', Wb. 12d32 . epert do Duaid b.¤ dombera Dia fortacht dond fiur firíen gl. etiam, Ml. 57c4 . ar cech lau b.¤ gl. (eorum)que, 75d1 . debe tintuda inso b.¤ `this too is a difference of rendering', 65c8 . forberad mu chland b.¤ `further', 88a10 . du adamrugud flatha solman ón b.¤ `to glorify the rule of Solomon again', 90a5 . cid fó cid for beous beme whether we sink moreover or swim, Snedg. u. Mac R 9.14 . dligid bēus (beos, bheós v.ll) cach dothge miscais, ZCP xi 84 § 34g . sruth tentide beos and andside, LU 2112 ( FA 18 ). dambad étaid in fer ca mbeind, nibad chomdas béus that too would not be fitting, TBC-LL¹ 41 ( LL 7586 ). co tarla anfud mór doib b.¤ isin bale cétna `again', Thes. ii 329.6 . lotar ond indsi sin for culu forsin n-ocian beos, RC x 60.5 ( LU 1922 ). dorad beous ár for choblach `also', xvii 419.23 . co ro móti bus ingnad lib beos `that ye may be yet more astonished', PH 3746. bheós = also, RSClára 42a .

With verbs expresses sense of continues, keeps on with the action of the verb: tecmallid dia domnich beos continue to collect on Sunday, Wb. 14a1 . á tinnacul a llaim hi llaim b.¤ that they should be passed on from hand to hand, Ml. 96d6 . aithrus ind anmcharat dia bliadna b.¤ `to consult his confessor once a year regularly', Mon. Tall. 144.2 tictis drecht díb b.¤ `kept coming' (Faraday), LU 5900 ( TBC-I¹ 1432 ). in comram do thairisem b.¤ (beos, v.l., R11), Sc.M² 11. do-das-athiged C. béos (MS.) C. continued to attend on them, MU² 922 (LU). tairissid beos `wait a while', PH 1415.

(c) yet, nevertheless, in spite of that: is fo chétbuid alanaile beos inso this, however (?), is according to the opinion of others, Sg. 201b15 . ní té(i)t a luige ó ḟi[u]r midbotha (?) beos his oath is still that of a f. m., Críth G. 70. ro-cechlastai a toitim in tan labras beóus it (viz. a needle) would be heard falling even when he is speaking (?), BDD² 793. rotmuirbiu[b]- sa beos I shall kill you all the same, Ériu v 72.12 .

cáera

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáera or dil.ie/7645

Forms: c(a)ura, cairib, caire, chuira, cáora, cáorchaibh, cáoirib

n also c(a)ura (cf. Éigse xi 231 ). k, f., GOI § 319.2 (b) . d p. cairib, Thes. ii 239.19 (Ardm.) due to secondary iā-inflexion, § 320 . Note also n p. caire, Laws iv 96.y . n du. dia chuira , 100.23 Comm. and further exx. infra. cáora f. (d p. cáorchaibh, cáoirib), IGT Decl. § 202 .

Sheep : ói .i. cauru (caora, caera v.l.), Corm. Bodl. 26 . ass cáirech, ib. caura, Bretha 8 . oc augairecht oc cairchaib sescaib `shepherding with barren ewes', Ml. 100b15 , 18 . boe oenchauru ṁblicht and, Vita Br. 46 . liar cærchu, 48 . argairt . . . cáercha (coercha, cáircha, v.ll.), Thes. ii 335.2 (Hy. v.) súil cháirech eter da rethi, IT i 82.1 (LMU). lías caírech, Críth G. 156 . meclach caireg, BCrólige 23 . cauru co lí, Laws i 122.11 = cura, O'D. 498 ( H 3.17, 402d ). caera do gairid .i. caera is fiu da screpall, Laws v 84.20 , 23 Comm. is dochu dotuitet caire . . . .i. is tusca tuitit caire na[i]d ba, O'Dav. 738 . ni bi i mbantellach acht co coirib (i.e. sheep are the only animals that may be used in a woman's entry on land in order to claim possession, Plummer MS. notes), Laws i 148.1 (see also Ériu ix 111 § 28 ). techta fuillema gill cairech . . . acht at cairig do tiagat in muin na aile, v 404.9 . im reithi for caerchu, i 126.8 . an gabhar do beith amail in caera, iii 378.9 Comm. robatar ann . . . / 'coa cáirib hi timmarcain, SR 3754 . tréta móra di chairib, LU 1729 . ro laiset bricht i mbélaib a caírech i n-úair a comperta dona caírib, LL 30928 (TTr.). sartan .i. . . . olann bliadnæ bis for cairib, O'Mulc. 845 . caera immda isin loch conuatar, Alex. 752 . cūra cach fir bale , BColm. 88.12 , 94.9 . ad-mestar cāercha asa cottuge, ZCP xi 95 § 44 . nirbot massech mani bet caircha lat, LL 344a20 ( minba cháerchach, Tec. Corm. § 11.8 .) caoíre na Midhe . . . do dhul is in muir, AFM iv 1174.12 . amail coerig cendais, PH 170 . tuc . . . .xxx. caora dona caeirib, Stair Erc. 369 . cúig céad caora, Keat. iii 381 . gan bhó gan caoire, ZCP v 214.386 (Midn. Court). greadóg don chaoire, Dánfhocail 239 . meiligh na ccáorach, Eg. Gl. 449 .

Fig. of people: essreudh . . . / do buith for anglanchairibh (: doinibh), Blathm. 127 . a choera cennais (of Christ), Hib. Min. 43.14 . a chaoirigh do chor ar iul (of monks), PBocht 20.5 .

Compd.: for maigib na cairechtrét, SR 6348 .

cles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cles or dil.ie/9440

Forms: clius, -cliss, cleas, -a, cleasana

n u and o, n. and m. n s. (d s. ?) clius, Thes. ii 293.19 . a s. -cliss, LU 9105 , 9121 . cleas (g s. -a) m., IGT Decl. § 95 ( 127. 13 ). n p. cleasana, Eochairsg. 87.37 .

(a) feat; in pl. or collective sense, repertory or performance of feats (used particularly of the martial feats taught to Cú Chulainn and Fer Díad by Scáthach: see Heldensage 220 etc.): turim na cless inso sís. In t-ubullchless ┐ faeborcless ┐ fáencless ┐ cless cletenach . . . , LU 5969 ff. , 9288 ff., 10341 ff. bla clesamnaig c.¤ .i. slan donti eamnas na gō clis innairdi, no na hubla clis innairdi. Masa clesa neamaicbeile iat, Laws iii 284.19 ff. (i.e. the juggler is immune from payment for injury inflicted provided his feats are not dangerous ones). dirósced Cu Ch. diib uile ocon cliss ar áne ┐ athlaime, LU 10147 . bale i rrabe oc na clessaib, 8568 ( FB 43 ). ferr cach c.¤ cotlud, 8467 ( 32 ). conid c.¤ ┐ cluchi lim comrac fri óenfer, 8469 ( 32 ). nocon imberasom for Ultu a c.¤ sin dorísse, 5136 (TBC). fer rosasad . . . a cruth. a chumachta. a crúas. a chless, 4845 (TBC). luid do foglaim gaiscid ┐ chless la Scáthaig, 4835 (TBC). co cliuss nonbair for cach rind, 4848 (TBC). gora chloesetar a n-ilchless arda (sic leg. ?) ra tilib . . . na scíath cliss, 10537 - 8 . fobíth do deligthi ruind oc na clessaib cluchi (the boy-troop to Cú Chulaind), TBC-LL¹ 1140 . a ṅgaisceda tuc o Scáthaig Buanand, . . . cless Caitt ┐ cless Cuair ┐ ubullchless . . . , LL 12543 . firfaid findchlesa fri h-ultu errudu, YBL 181a6 . múin na huile chleasa dhó acht cleas an ghá builg amhain, RC xxix 136 § 52 . roimir c.¤ carpait furru con torchradar ua chosaib na n-ech, TTebe 2908 . cleasa ceoil feats of music, Aithd. D. 9.9 . d'eachaibh cuanna ar n-a gcaischleas `deft-stepping', Magauran 834 .

Cú na c.¤ sobriquet of Cú Chulainn: a Chú na cless cain, TBC-LL¹ 3952 . do Choin na c.¤ , MR 206.3 .

(b) Used also of weapons, instruments, etc. with which the feats were performed: carpat . . . co mórsaide do chlessaib cliss gascid, LL 13903 . ised is clesa aicbeili ann, cach c.¤ ara mbia rind no faebur, Laws iii 284.26 Comm. is annsin do cuireddar a clesa gaile ┐ gaisgidh a lamhaibh a ngilla, RC xi 30.6 (TBC).

(c) stratagem, proceeding; trick, wile : bái ac tur fhesa thall na thaigh / d'iarraidh chlesa dá chabhair, SG 28.z . do Mhlaise gan ceilg gan chleas, 21.y . ar cleasaibh na colla / dom chealccadh ón crábhadh, ZCP x 347 § 3 . do dhealbh . . . is cleas doiligh / fairge `hard the task', Dán Dé xxxi 5 . ní thuigid cách cleasa an domhain, 23 . guais liom lá na coinne / is cleas fán cóir dulann / do theach d'iadhadh oram 'tis a thing to provide against, viii 9 . adhlaicthear thú . . . / i n-uaigh chumhaing—cleas nar dhú (cheville), iii 26 . tre ríoghain na ccleas ccruthach `graceful-mannered', O'Hara 3278 . ar lorg an chleasa chéadna imitating the same proceeding, DDána 88.19 . an dream d'á ndeárnadh Hanon cleasana (referring to contumelious treatment of David's messengers by Hanon, 2 Kings ix 4 ), Eochairsg. 87.37 . Of magical feats, shape-shifting, etc. Forgull Monach . . . mon .i. cleas, ar [ba] fer cumachtach eissium, co téighedh a n-ilrechtaibh, Cóir Anm. 205 .

Attrib. g s. clis: .ix. n-ubla clis ┐ .ix. cletíne clis ┐ ix. scena clis, LU 8565 - 6 ( FB 42 ). a ocht scíathu cliss, 6430 (TBC). focheird chaer cliss ar chonair `a cunning ball', Metr. Dinds. iii 94.19 . is amhlaidh théid S. d'agallmha na ndee, ┐ clíabh clis fuithe magic(?), RC xxix 132 § 47 . imfuirmed a carpad clis itir a dā lāim, Ériu i 114 § 2 (`his palate-feat'). ba geis don lon chalma chlis `valourous', A. Ó Dálaigh lv 19 . an fhoireann chlis-se treacherous(?), cunning(?), Keat. Poems 1369 . For deil chlis, gábait clis see 2 deil, gábait.

Compds. With noun. re cles-fhaebraib Conain, MR 250.19 . With adj. in carpatsin cona chreit . . . chlesaird i.e. of a height suitable for the occupant to perform feats(?), TBC-I¹ 1970 . With adj. derived from noun. da chodnach cleas-armacha, MR 272.1 . cath-cuingid . . . cles-armach, 224.21 . an dias chrithreacha chleasneimhneacha of deadly feats, Cath MT 276 .

cloch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloch or dil.ie/9550
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cloch, clach, claiche

n ā, f. cloch f., IGT Decl. § 39 . clach f., § 40 (forms claich, claiche proscribed).

(a) stone, rock; stone (as building etc. material): beim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . dambidc Semei di chlochaib `pelted him with stones', 58c4 . din chloich dorigne saland, Thes. ii 338.1 (Hy. v). borg Emma ro tetha, / acht mairte a clocha, Fél. Prol. 194 . c.¤, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, c.¤ a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta, Corm. Y 213 . lapis lasin Laitneoir, c.¤ lasin nGaedel; petra lasin Laitneoir, ail lasin nGaedel: sropula lasin Laitneoir, carrach lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1086 . c.¤ (no ael) ┐ onn ┐ ailcne . . . is iat sin cenela c.¤ , 1088 - 89 . ro-dluigit na clocha (= petrae scise sunt), PH 3367 . doberat cloich cach fir leó do chur chairnd, LU 7029 ( BDD 67 ). dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.3 ( LMU 19 ). c.¤ for fott, no fott for carruig, Laws v 270.26 Comm. (as a fence). c.¤ tarsiu fa tri fiad fiathnaisib, ii 118.10 Comm. (in distraining dry cattle). di chlochaib ┐ carrgib ┐ ailénaib in mara, TBC-LL¹ 1330 . bale i mbia fa chloich, LL 18899 (`where you will be buried', KMMisc. 264 § 22 ). a ch.¤ thall for elaid úair, 19325 . línaiter na builg sin do minchlochaib, RC xiii 68 § 72 . ag tuarcain na Cloichi Barraighi ┐ na c.¤ tuinidhi eile do bī isin trācht rocks, ML² 430 . c.¤ i ninad ugi (prov. of a bad exchange), Cog. 100.24 ; cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 11.16 . ticdis croind ┐ clocha ua cheol a chruiti . . . co teigdis aran múr (of Thebes), TTebe 851 . co scenaib ┐ clochaib . . . do-rónad ind imdibe, PH 5746 . fuarumar cloich . . . ┐ na hanmund-sa i scríbend indte gravestone, 1581 . samail gach cloiche (of hail-stones), RC xviii 150.y (see c.¤-ṡnechta s. compds.). a c[h]rannghal sa c[h]. aolta `its timber and its lime-washed stone', Ériu v 60.121 . dá cloich tsalainn lumps of salt, Lism. L. 2408 . sirbualadh na tonn fo na clocaib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.5 . c.¤ chinn na huilleann corner-stone, Acts iv 11 . ro benadh a chend de for Cloich an Chommaigh i ndorus teampaill Focháirde, AFM i 330.5 (an. 732). Fig. of a chief: ní tráth aithreachais d'ḟuil Conaill / a gc.¤ chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 .

Attrib. g s of stone , less frequ. g pl. composed of stones : for corth[e] cloche, Thes. ii 343.43 (Hy. v Comm.). ata comrar chloche imbi and hi talam, LU 10991 . ail chloche mór, IT i 82.2 ( LMU 19 ). risin carraic clochi, MU² 669 . coro mara choidche / amal choirthe c.¤ , LL 18911 . nertlia cloche, TBC-LL¹ 1570 . colomna c.¤ do thócbáil . . . eturru ┐ in snechta, MU² 309 . ar n-osgladh don iomdhaidh c.¤ (of a tomb), Dán Dé iii 27 . cinnlitir chloiche áille / dúna[dh] flatha Fionngháille `the fortress . . . is a capital letter of beauteous stone', Ériu v 60.109 . rath an Spirata Naim do-rat . . . uisce asin carraic cloiche, Grail 3649 . an cladh clach `stone fence', Studies 1924, 244 § 20 . do chuir . . . a chenn ar adhart cloichi bigi `on a small stone as pillow', Stair Erc. 1910 . .u. ced dég ceim cruaidhdaingen cloichi `stone steps', 633 . cláir chloiche . . . ┐ dligheadh stone tablets, Exodus xxiv 12 . pertaining to stone: duileasg crann nó c.¤ lichen, Párl. na mB. 587 . saoir chruinn ┐ ch.¤ carpenters and stone-masons, 263 .

(b) Of stones used as missiles, sling-stones, etc.: gaibthi cloich isin tailm, LU 3277 ( SCC 7 ). c.¤ throthail . . . i llaímh gach ḟir, IT iii 97.6 . foceird C. cloich assa thabaill, TBC-LL¹ 1558 . do-teilctís lucht in leithi-si na clocha for lucht in leith[i] aili, Sc.M² 17R . gebid lamchloich do lár thalman darbo lán a glacc, LL 8576 (TBC). bolc lán (sic leg.?) di chlochuip d'orcoin, ZCP viii 120.13 . na clocha cruindi comdibhraicthi, TTebe 1984 . Cf. in ti no cinnfedh ar aei cloichi `the winner of the stone-throwing', Stair Erc. 202 .

With defining gen. c.¤ áeil limestone , see s.v. 1 áel. lia .i. corthe . . . .i. in c.¤ criche `boundary stone', Laws iv 8.7 Comm. clocha fothraicthe stones heated in the fire and used for heating bath-water: clocha fotraicthi, Trip.² 873 . ro marb Fergus Durn don cloich fothraicthe, Laws i 68.17 Comm. Cf. fotracud forsin clárudh cen tincur o dhune acht na clocha ind ┐ ass, IT iii 195 § 36 . lothomur . . . cona clochaib, MacCongl. 11.23 . Cf. also: clocha derga red-hot stones, Laud 610, f. 8c (Plummer MS. notes). clocha hi tenid samna (prov. phrase?), LU 7045 (here perh. used for cooking. See O'Kelly, JRSAI 1954, 105 ff. ). na liacc lamh ┐ na c.¤ nglaice hand-stones, CCath. 5859 . iccon cloich impóid itir croiss ō Adrad Moturu súass `turning-stone', BColm. 84.32 . c.¤ marmail, Stair Erc. 1963 . cloch na cloich mheóir 'pebble', Irish Texts i 31 § 50 . clach (sic leg.) ina loighe a ḟlaith Cheóil / ar in claich meóir oile üaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1123 (incorrect because of form claich). c.¤ muilinn mill-stone : doronta cetheora clocha muilinn di, AU an. 999 . fúaim chloichthe muilinn, Rev. xviii 22 . Cf. c.¤ uachtair upper stone (of a mill), Laws i 140.17 Comm. m'aghaidh amhuil cloich thineadh `flint', Isaiah 1 7 .

(c) Med. c.¤ isna hairnib `a stone in the kidneys', Rosa Angl. 188.7 . clocha na narand, 330.10 . in uair bhenmuid na clocha fuail as an lamhonnán le gerradh, ZCP xviii 274.9 . a riocht na cloiche fuail pro calculo vesicali, O'Gr. Cat. 113.24 . c.¤ no ydoripis, Reg. San. 23.y .

(d) precious stone, gem (somet. c.¤ búada, c.¤ úasal): caoga gemm carrmogail do c[h]lochaib tíre na hInnia, ML² 1481 . c.¤ crisdail gl. cristallus, Ir. Gl. 552 . do cloich búadha re n-abur sardínés, Maund. 249 . feilm áosda chlach ccarrmhogail, O'R. Poems 199 . clocha cuaigh `[stones] suitable for (adorning) goblets', O'Hara 2380 . c.¤ medóin do dhornchla dhét, IGT Decl. ex. 80 . a chorōin . . . ier n-a himchengal do dēmont ┐ do c[h]lochaibh uaissle, Fl. Earls 172.28 . a gcomhraid airgit go n-imat gc.¤ lonnradhach, 80.7 . is c.¤ uasal tiodhlacadh a radharc an tí agá mbí sé, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(e) Hence perh. of the beads of the rosary: is mise Oisín . . . / . . . ag cóireamh c.¤ `arranging stones', Oss. iii 276.10 . Paidir air na clochaibh móra ┐ Fáilte an Aingil air na clochaibh beaga, Donlevy 448. 3 , 4 .

(f) a construction of stone, esp. fortress, stronghold, castle: giodh áille an chlach don taoibh thall `though the fort is lovelier within', Ériu v 60.115 . daingean c.¤ an dúnaidh dhe / loch ar cúlaibh na cloiche `the fortress is strengthened by the lake which lies behind it', 111 - 12 . da ralaig . . . comard ré cloich na cathrach `the stone-walls of the city', TTebe 4224 . c.¤ Corcaigi do loscudh, Ann. Inisf. 1230.1 . c.¤ angcaire an anchorite's cell, AU iii 288.24 . tú do rad dár gcionn an cholann / i gcloich nduaibhsigh `into a gloomy dungeon' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.70 . a muir ┐ a mórclocha, Stair Erc. 909 . na franclochaidh ga folach / a n-ardchlochaibh allmorach, IGT Decl. ex. 714 . daingni ná clach áelta íat, ex. 183 . le Cloich Insi na tTorc ar Loch F., AFM iii 360.6 . C.¤ Locha hUachtair do loscadh, 536.4 . ? dar let is c.¤ ar na cengal / an tech os loch lachnach, IGT Decl. ex. 268 . Cf. Luimnech na c.¤ cengail, Caithr. CC 10 .

Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With noun. clúas re clochadhart `a stone pillow', BS 92.y . a tōebaib clochadba, ACL iii 217 § 3 . clochalla glassa . . . ┐ cairrci rocky cliffs, CCath. 3413 . clochall cairrgidhe, Hugh Roe² 46.15 . lé fúaim chloichbhéimnigh bhonn a each láidir ` stamping ', Jeremiah xlvii 3 . clochcaop lump of stone , Anecd. ii 53.y . do mhaothughadh do chlochroidhe hard heart , Mac Aingil 1134 . ferr beith a ccloch-dinibh ceall stone shelters , ZCP x 30.23 . im ócbail droichitt .i. cid cloch droichit, Laws i 134.25 Comm. in clochdrochat (sic leg.) ō tigh cech clērig dīb dia chēile, MacCongl. 123.22 . a róimh chlaichfhinntreabh Chonnacht of white-stone houses, DDána 68.28 . lottar . . . tré cloch-ród Coradh Finne stone-paved road(?), AFM v 1668.5 . cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi art of building in stone, Laws v 92.z Comm. cith cloichṡnechta do ferthain hailstones, RC xviii 150.x (Tig.). gaoth tre chlaichshneachta chiothmhar, DDána 113.15 (cf. na clocha sneachta, 2). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . ? adinnim deargain / a druith chail ar chlochtaigh, IT iii 90 § 119 . ic córgud chastíal fo churadaib di chlochthress, LL 32238 ( TTr. 1427 ). tuitim isin clochtres tíar, ZCP xiii 12.35 .

With adj. do athairg . . . / mhachaire clachaird Conuill, IGT Decl. ex. 9 . legga corra clochbana of white stone, Fen. 188.21 . flaith corn gclochbhán white-jewelled, Top. Poems² 613 . is o cairgib clochdaeraibh Slebi Chugais rod-coimbris . . . `rock-bound', Aen. 829 . cathair clochdaingen, Grail 3286 . scīath clochdond go ccomhraibh óir, ZCP viii 223 § 18 . ar lámhachadh lann gclochdhonn `bright-jewelled(?)', O'Hara 4035 . do mhionn clachórdha cloichfhionn, DDána 97.38 . crios . . . clachghorm, Rel. Celt. ii 262.5 . 'sin charn chlochthrom, LL 29862 .

With adj. derived from noun. droichett clochaelta do dhenamh la Cathal of stone and mortar(?), AFM iii 618.5 . cuirt clochaolta, Hugh Roe² 216.13 . na coirigh chlochaigeantacha bhíos . . . ag leanmhain dá lochtaibh féin stubborn, TSh. 10492 . a chathbarra caem clochbuadhach set with precious stones, Stair Erc. 735 . an rí co coroin . . . clochbuadhaigh fura cenn, ZCP vi 52.7 . gremaigiss . . . an c[h]loch . . . dia coicēilip comadhus[a] cloch-chomharsnach[a] oile `adjoining', Fl. Earls 148.4 . ¤órda: cinnbhirt clochórdha, Oss. vi 128.11 . With Part. an cheinnbheart chlochfhoirfe (1 foirbthe) crowned with jewels, O'Hara 1502 .

con-dïeig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-dïeig or dil.ie/12067
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: connaigim, -cuintgim, -chunchimm, -cuinngim, chondaigi, connaigi, condnigi, condnaige, -cuinchi, condieig, condaig, connaig, condnaig, connaigh, cunnuid, condegar, chuindegar, cuindegar, connegar, cuinnegar, chuinneghar, connadur, condagar, conadar, conagar, connagar, chondegam, connagam, -cuingem, condagaigh, condegat, condaiget, condagatt, -cuinget, -cuinchetar, conattgi, conaittig, conatig, conaitech, conattech, conaitegar, conaitcid, -contagad, -cuincithea, condaigtis, conatchitís, cuíntís, cuindig, cuinnig, cunnig, condíg, cuinged, cuindced, cuinched, cu[i]nged, condiu(g)sa, -cuindius, -chuinnius, -chunnis, con-dia, -cuintea, -cunte, condes(s)ar, condeisir, -cuintestar, -cuinntestar, -comthastár, -comtastár, -comthastar, conníestar, conniastar, connesum, condesat, connesat, chondesin, condesta, cóndesta, connchesta, connesed, conesta, condestis, conaitecht, -comtacht, condiachtais, condīacht, condiacht, conniacht, conaitecht, conattacht, conattecht, conaittecht, -comtacht, conataig, conataigh, conattig, co ndatig, conaitich, conatuigh, co n-auttaigh, connachtaigh, conrotacht, conaitigir, conaitigair, conaitegair, conatechoir, conaitechair, conatceastoir, -comtacht, conaitchet, -comtachtmar, conaitechtat, conaittechtatar, conoitechtatar, coniachtatadar, conaitchetar, con-aitcheadar, con-aitcetar, conaitchitar, conaitidar, connaigid, cuinnigid, cuin(d)gid, cuin(n)chid, cuinnid, cuindchid, cuintechtai

v (< com + degaid or *dechaid, Éigse xxviii 156-59 ; * com-di-saig-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 607 ) Indic. pres. 1 s. connaigim, MU² 77 . Three Hom. 70.18 . -cuintgim, Wb. 14c12 . -chunchimm, Three Hom. 70.19 . -cuinngim, Ériu ii 89.z . 2 s. chondaigi, Thes. ii 296.5 . Metr. Dinds. iii 340.46 . LU 5669 (TBC). MU² 65 . connaigi, LU 3104 . condnigi, SR 5993 (see 3 s. below). condnaige, RC xx 142.21 (ACC). connaige, TBC-LL² 4835 . -cuinchi, Thes. ii 307.12 . 3 s. condieig ( -dïeig, GOI 66 ), Wb. 23d5 . condaig (with vocalism of 1 saigid, Thurn.), 8d20 . Ml. 30b8 . 35c21 . 110d10 . TBC-LL² 1637 . connaig, 1548 . condnaig, LL 12908 ( RC xiv 422.z ) (perh. infl. by atn-aig, see ad-aig). connaigh, ACL iii 4.34 . cunnuid, Laws i 58.17 Comm. Pass. condegar, Wb. 8d20 . 14c11 . Ml. 48a7 . IT iii 5.1 . chuindegar, BDD² 1446 . cuindegar, O'Dav. 404 . connegar, Corm. Y 62 . cuinnegar, LL 36491 . chuinneghar, Laws iv 242.2 Comm. connadur (leg. condagar, Ed.), ACL iii 3.2 . conadar, Auraic. 746. 1389 . conagar, Laws i 30.y . connagar, PH 7934 . 1 p. chondegam, Ml. 107c8 . connagam, LL 12681 . PH 3104 . -cuingem, Wb. 14d38 . 2 p. condagaigh, Anecd. i 62.z . 3 p. condegat, Ériu ii 126 § 87 . condaiget, Alex. 924 . condagatt, PH 3972 . -cuinget, Ml. 107c8 . Pass. -cuinchetar, 123d4 . Forms influenced by ad-teich (see also pret. and perf. below): 2 s. conattgi, TBC-LL² 1508 . 3 s. conaittig, Triads 77. 78 . conatig, LU 10877 . conaitech, 9820 . conattech, TBC-LL² 2109 . Pass. conaitegar, LU 7888 (BDD). 3 p. conaitcid, Leb. Gab.(i) 148.5 .

Impf. 3 s. -contagad, Wb. 4b2 . pass. -cuincithea, PH 7933 . 3 p. condaigtis, Trip.² 1082 . conatchitís (with infl. of ad-teich), PH 6032 . ? cuíntís, BB 352b11 (= saigtís, Metr. Dinds. i 36.94 ).

Impv. 2 s. cuindig, Wb. 10a20 . LU 7875 (BDD). Ériu ii 204 § 22 . cuinnig, TBC-I¹ 2763 . cunnig, TBC-LL² 81 . condíg, RC viii 154.25 . 3 s. cuinged, Wb. 10a15 . 11b18 . cuindced, ZCP vii 312 § 23 . cuinched, ACL iii 307 § 21 . cu[i]nged, Ériu xx 124 § 17 .

Subj. pres. and fut. (see GOI 410 ) 1 s. condiu(g)sa, Three Hom. 70.14 ( Lat. Lives 81.11 ). -cuindius, Ériu xiii 19.19 ( O'Dav. 385 ). -chuinnius, TBC-LL² 1574 . 2 s. -chunnis, TBC-LL² 1573 . Cf. -cunghis, RC xii 66.12 . 3 s. con-dia, ZCP xi 87 § 52 . -cuintea, Ml. 51a18 . -cunte, Vita Br. 16 . Pass. condes(s)ar, Mon. Tall. 133.2 . Fraech 258 . condeisir, RC xxiv 150.17 . -cuintestar, Ériu xiii 18.11 . -cuinntestar, O'Curry 2397 ( Eg. 88, 32b ). -comthastár, LU 5710 = -comtastár, TBC-I¹ 1236 . -comthastar, RC iii 345.11 . Cf. conigestar, Ériu ii 196 n. conníestar, RC xv 488 § 5 . conniastar, iii 345.12 . 1 p. connesum, PH 7965 . 3 p. condesat, Ml. 46c13 . connesat, PH 3506 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. chondesin, Wb. 19d24 . 2 s. condesta, Trip.² 1356 , cóndesta, 1335 = connchesta, Anecd. iii 38.5 . 3 s. connesed, PH 7978 . Cf. conaitchedh, BNnÉ 43.9 . Pass. conesta, Fél. 2.6 . 3 p. condestis, Thes. ii 31.24 .

Pret. and perf. (with -ad-; exceptionally with -uss- (?), -ro-): 1 s. conaitecht, Ml. 132d5 . 2 s. -comtacht, Ml. 60b20 . condiachtais, LU 5836 ( TBC-I¹ 1366 ). 3 s. condīacht, ZCP viii 329.25 . condiacht, Ériu ii 118 § 53 . conniacht, LU 6143. 6153 . conaitecht, Ml. 36b5 . 59c3 . 98b6 . Immrama 64 § 101 . Ériu viii 175.25 . Hugh Roe² 104.30 . conattacht, TFerbe 235 . conattecht, Corm. Y 698 . conaittecht, TBC-LL² 2110 . -comtacht, Ml. 59c3 . 54b30 . Follg. influenced by pret. of ad-teich (see Celtica vii 42-4 ): conataig, Three Hom. 70.15 . Dinds. 99 . conataigh, 69 . conattig, Metr. Dinds. iii 440.21 . LL 30975 (TTr.). conattaig, Dinds. 161 . co ndatig (sic), 12 . conaitich, 78 . conatuigh, Lism. L. 834 . co n-auttaigh, Dinds. 3 ( RC xv 290 ). connachtaigh, TBC-LL¹ p. 335 n. conrotacht, Corp. Gen. 68.31 . With depon. inflexion: conaitigir, Trip.² 2700 . conaitigair, 2731 . conaitegair, Ériu xvi 66.86 . conatechoir, xii 146.6 . conaitechair, Dinds. 46 . conatceastoir, AFM i 30.2 . Pass. -comtacht, Ml. 35c26 . 123c3 . ? conaitchet, LL 356 marg. sup. 1 p. -comtachtmar, Wb. 24b20 . 3 p. conaitechtat (sic MS), Ml. 44d27 . conaittechtatar, 90b16 . conoitechtatar, Wb. 8a14 (see GOI 344 ). coniachtatadar, O'Curry 778 ( H 3.18, 365a ). conaitchetar, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.65 . 440.13 . Dinds. 161 . BB 488a46 . Leb. Gab.(i) 252.18 . con-aitcheadar, Dinds. 141 . con-aitcetar, 78 . conaitchitar, Auraic. 194 . conaitidar, BB 30a51 ( conaithchedar, 55 ).

Later as simple vb. connaigid, cuinnigid, cuin(d)gid, cuin(n)chid, cuinnid with both ē-fut. and f-fut.

Vn. cuindchid.

Vbl. of necess. cuintechtai.

Asks, seeks, demands (with accus. of object sought): ní comtachtmar ni `we have asked for nothing', Wb. 24b20 . conaitecht C. dig, LU 7881 (BDD). cuinchis F. . . ./. . ./ cath, 3202 . ? connigset indromuin Scāthach dōib diblīnaibh, TBC-I¹ 2683 . ni tri haiscedha conaigiub a Temraig, IT iii 194.7 . ni chunnecha . . . amal ro chunnig, LL 13945 . bale i cúinnebar bás, PH 6167 . cuingidh bean nach cleasach cuing, O'Hara 3433 . cecip ní chuinghifett, Hugh Roe² 130.3 .

With prep. introd. person of whom someth. requested. In O. Ir. usu. co: denum neich condegar cuccu, Ml. 48a7 . intan con-diacht fer cerdda bratt co M., Corp. Gen. 409.22 . conaitchidar gusin sai .i. co Fenius, ACL iii 247.16 . ro-cuinnig foigde . . . / cosin siair, Ériu iii 196 § 19 . cuinchim-si itchi co Dīa, xix 77 § 2 . condaig cert n-imbi coa c[h]arait, Corm. Y 883 ( Anecd. iv 76.15 ).

With DI (DO): is and condegar do manchaib má beth dibh nech bes maith is enquired (cf. Rawl. 80b47 cited below), O'D. 554 ( H 3.17, 437 ). ? cuinnegar do (dia, O'Dav. 404 ) gruaide grís, Ériu xiii 31.4 .

With FOR (see Celtica vii 44 ): amal chondegamni fordia arnícc, Ml. 107c8 . 's ed sin conattecht-sa foraib, TBC-LL² 1033 . cuingis Luigdeach fair arríga Muman do gabáil `enjoined [on] him', Ériu xvi 66.76 . fort ní chunnig comairge, LL 12934 . do chuind[i]getar cend Eoin fair, ZCP xiv 150.1 . grás ar Chríosd do chuingis, Dán Dé xii 19 . Cf. is andsin cunnis C.C. bar na sluagaib `sought for', CRR 51 . ro cuimnidh (sic) air co tartad, Grail 1941 . With Ó: ní ho doinib condaig aithesc sunt, Ml. 35c21 . isī an éraic con-aitecht uaidib, ZCP xii 244.10 . no chuinchitis . . . na Saxain ó Germain fortacta doib, LU 287 . In: conattecht C. in caratrad . . . friss adjured him by their friendship, TBC-LL² 1895 the sense and usage are that of ad-teich ( Celtica vii 43 ).

? In sense enquires: da conaiget aiṅgil nime cid in deilb sin, Rawl. 80c47 , cf. O'D. 554 cited above.

crábud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crábud or dil.ie/12703

Forms: -ad, crábhadh

n later -ad o. crábhadh m., IGT Decl. § 11 (55.6) .

(a) piety, devotion, religion; devotional practice; esp. asceticism, mortification: crabud cen desercc, Wb. 12b27 . 20b13 . initium fidei abgitir crabaith, 33c13 (as name of a rule for the ascetic life, see ZCP iii 447 , Celtica viii 58 ff.). ét im chrabud `zeal for devotion', Ml. 36d24 . indeuin crábid `anvil of devotion', Mon. Tall. 134 § 19 . lúrech im chrabud (of the recital of the Félire), Fél. Ep. 197 . cen ecla crabuid gúir, SR 7990 . in bale i ndénad a crabud .i. isin ditrub, LU 964 (ACC Comm.). c.¤ Dé, LL 3920 . c.¤ in aráin némdescda (= religio), PH 5073 . crābed .i. adfeid crau imme ar Dia. crau a grauata .i. ō fuatlaig .i. dognīthe crau leosum imon adnacal co cend mbliadnæ . . ., O'Mulc. 208 . do-ní . . . / crábhadh neich do [bhaoi] i mbaoghal desperate piety, DDána 99.38 . iar mbuaid cravaidh is cacta, Ériu xix 12 § 4 . a ciunus ┐ a cradhbhadh (contemplatio), Smaointe B. Chr. 5740 .

(b) More specifically the religious life, religious rule: bíaid do rē[i]r mo chrābuid-sea, BColm. 98.12 . briathra in crabhaid (= regulam), Lat. Lives 106.12 . M. . . . do ec a crabadh in the religious life, RC xviii 46.26 . go mbiaidh a ccrādhbhadh ar congmháil go lá an bhreithe, Beatha S. F. 1087 .

Attrib. g s. mac crabuidh a novice(?), Laws iii 62.2 Comm. i sechmall a mama crabaid ┐ ceileburtha devotional obligations, v 124.21 Comm. ní coí crábaid diar caemaib, LL 591 `road of piety', Leb. Gab.(i) 66.z . don aois chrábhadh (sic) the clergy, Párl. na mB. 3804 . a measg na mban ccrabhaidh, Rule of Tallaght 41 (na mban riaghalta, ibid). cuing chrābhaidh obligations of the religious life, Mac Aingil 4980 . dias crábhaidh two monks, PBocht 11.13 .

déide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déide or dil.ie/15152

Forms: déda

adj io,iā. Later also déda (through influence of óenda, cetharda).

I Adj. double, consisting of two: it deidi gl. bini, BCr. 32d1 . cuin is aenda in beithi . . . cuin as deda . . . cuin as treda, Auraic. 424 . ind árim déda, PH 4428 .

II Subst. io, n.

(a) two things, pair of things: déidhe .i. dá ní, O'Cl. co mbed a ndede sin im labradsa .i. gáu ┐ fír, Wb. 14c23 . dualis .i. áram inchosaig dede, Sg. 28b13 . fer congeb dede no trede, Laws v 104.17 .i. da dan examla, 18 Comm. ferr déda ho óin better two things than one, MacCongl. 49 . in déda-sin . . . .i. a chredo ┐ a phater, PH 4180 . rorannadh Eiriu i ndedha in two, RC xviii 377 (Tig.).

(b) pair of persons: dede ṁbaccoen ṁbraiglide | a da maccaem ingine, LL 28a38 . Eocho ┐ Aeblend . . . nirb uathud don dedu dil, 152b43 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 64.81 ). 'n-a déda ro-thog Ísu a apstalu two and two, by twos, PH 4429 . 'n-a dédaib rofhoid uad, 4430 . dede ailes he, a aite ┐ a muime, Laws ii 348.4 Comm.

(c) Of animals, etc.: eoin Bale . . . a dó díb . . . in deda aile, LL 166a24 ( Dinds. 117 ). nach mil conbeiris dedi . . . .i. da uan twins , Laws i 146.13 Comm.

1 díles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 díles or dil.ie/16403

Forms: dílsi, -e, dísle, disliu, dilsim

adj o,ā (pl. dílsi, -e, dísle) (dí- + les). Also dílis (somet. = -ius). Lit. `excluded from remedy' (see Críth G. pp. 83 - 84 ).

I Legal senses.

(a) forfeited to (DO); given over (to), set apart (for); belonging by imprescriptible right, not subject to claim: diles tochur do fir puirt `what is cast ashore is the property of the owner of the shore', Laws iii 424.13 . Cf. murchuirthe dílse, Tec. Corm. § 1.27 . dilis do ceilib ┐ dia comorbuib seoit turcluide . . . acht frisḟognat a flaithe, Laws ii 262.1 . is dilus trian na set iar necaibh na flatha don ceili a third of the `seoit' become the property of the client, 14 . it dilsi dō seoit a mec (of the father of a `mac ingor'), iii 58.3 . fer fodgaib frith mbech hi rud . . . is diles do suidiu, `it is his own lawful property', iv 194.25 . a leath naill is diles (i.e. when a fraudulent contract has been knowingly entered into), iii 6.26 . ní diles ni do berar ar uathbas, iv 268.25 . ni dileas ni gen airilliud without something in return (?), 58.1 . secht taburta la Feine . . . ata dilsim . . . duas teachta do file which are most usually beyond recall (?), 212.2 and 17 Comm. is dilis cia tartaigtar doib i n-a coibce is theirs by right (of women whose marriage has been dissolved), 292.18 . Also in non-legal texts: in Bethfáge . . . bale bec . . . d.¤ do gres do shacartaib (viculus sacerdotum), PH 4426 . na drochdóine atta dílsi dá cech ulc given over to, 4191 . saoilter le gach gadaidhe | nach dilios nech sa cruine, ZCP i 121.17 . Used attributively of landed property: tucsat Túath Dé, digraiss deilm, | ferand d.¤ ar degseinm `land in fee', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.6 . fead trichad cét Muirthemne dobói d'ḟeronn dílis aicce ind-Ulltaib, Ériu i 126.11 . mar dhúthaigh dhílis `his property for ever', Keat. iii 5043 . flaitheas Dé, is dúthaigh dhíleas do, TSh. 7145 . As subst. Flann Cathrach dár gealladh do dhíleas (addressed to Cathair Dhúin Iasc) perpetual possession , Keat. Poems 1529 .

(b) With ó forfeited by, irrecoverable by: seoit uil itir sochaide andsin, ┐ in ti ro rec a cuit de is dilus uad he (of property held in common), Laws iv 56.12 (Comm.) . is lais in athair a oenfer in coibchi sin ┐ is dilus in ben dono on ti dia tabar `the woman is forfeited by the person by whom it is given', 60.22 Comm. ni fetatar sil Cuind ar mad leo (sc. in tír) is aire nar bo diles uaithib fri re trir handed over by them (?), i 68.30 Comm. am dílessa uadsom afec[ht]sa (a fega, LL) `I am lost to him now', RC viii 62.4 . ? an carragc-sa . . . nī d.¤ hí ō ríg Fer Tulach `it is their own special property, free from the King of F.' (Corr. p. 140 ), BColm. 52.20 .

(c) not liable to penalty, immune from legal consequences: d.¤ cach rochóem, indles cach ndíchóem damage to any very precious article is immune from liability, to any ordinary article involves liability, Críth G. 222 . d.¤ a osolggud di maich to open it (sc. an enclosure) from the outside does not involve liability, 210 . conid dileas a marbad . . . iar nelod cirt, Laws iv 180.9 Comm. oghdilius cach nanrachtaigh .i. is slán in gataide do marbad i n-uair dénma na foghla, O'Gr. Cat. 79.14 . anocht as dīleas mo ṡlad | ō nach maireann mac í Néill, KMMisc. 354.3 . Note also: secht mna ada dilsi ina frithigib (classes of women injured through their own misconduct, and who therefore cannot sue for compensation), Laws v 272 . ro disligheadh na daoíne | ní maith druim ré céd-aoíghe | ba hí breth na mbrethiomh nglan | a mbeth diolus fa na (leg. fa a) ndiultadh (i.e. their deaths need not be compensated for owing to their own wrong action), Duan. F. i 18 § 25 .

II General senses.

(a) belonging, own, proper, appropriate: ni pa díless duit aní hitái `that in which thou art will not belong to thee', Wb. 5b38 . in derbchland, is dilis do Pátraic ó chomḟuilidecht, Trip.² 718 (= propria est consanguinitate, Lat. Lives 38 ). ina ḟolaid d.¤ (= in propria substantia), Lat. Lives 97.13 . Aed . . . ainm dīles Chumin, Fél. clxix 1 (i.e. A. was C.'s own name). ainmnigestár cach fer fo leith cona anmaim diles fein, RC ix 490 . ised logh flatha nime | do chach a cridhe diless, Ériu ii 228.2 . eneclann, arindi clantar i n-inc[h]aib duine do neoch bess dīleas do bēodil ┐ marbdile belonging, Corm. Y 531 . mac diles Diabuil (of Cain), SR 1964 . rosgab cess | dia fechtaib o tir d.¤ from their own land, 3446 . Iessé cen dimess díth, | ba athair d.¤ Dauíd, 5712 . ainm dílis gacha druimmni, Anecd. i 33 § 61 . ní gonfaitis mac a rríg dílis fodessin, TBC-LL¹ 707 . laarg do righ ┐ d'filidh, crochet do sai litri . . . dorecmaig a dligedh diles do chach, IT iii 188 § 10 . conérne in rí . . . | ar cech dán a míad d.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 20.264 . inna berlu shaindilius `in its own several tongue', Ériu ii 142 § 156 . tairm . . . na n-uili uisci ac tuitim . . . ina n-inadaibh disli féin arís, RC xxviii 310 § 2 . ó a mbailtibh bunadh ┐ ó a n-árasaibh dísle, ML 102.5 . figuir ḟirdíles in chon sin, Alex. 434 . sollamain diles in athar nemda (i.e. Easter), PH 3608 . brighi disle in leighis `the proper virtue of the medicine', O'Gr. Cat. 234.13 . as e a mitald diles in t-iarand ┐ a la diles an Mairt (of those born under Mars), 24 B 3, 102.29 . tabartar gach leighius ina cás diles fen let each remedy be applied in its own appropriate case, 3 C 19, 76ra3 . tré nar gcoirthibh dísle féin own, TSh. 5932 . dá mbeith gant eagh ndíleas aige, 5711 . Contrasted with coitchenn: ata cuid da chomharthadhaibh so coitchionn ┐ cuid eile diles special (of fever symptoms), 3 C 19, 19vby . is diles an t-uisci cedna a n-aigid na fiabrus nger appropriate, 23 O 23, 30b37 . cailleach diles a true (genuine) nun, Lib. Flav. ii 17vb8 . aisneis d.¤ cen fhigurdacht `a genuine narrative free from allegory', PH 5653 . fa roinn d.¤ diongmála correct , BNnÉ 258.12 .

(b) permissible, lawful, prudent (?): is diles don duine in n-ám bias a chorp a ngill ris biad bec beras ó ghorta in tráth-sin he, a buain do duine chonaich, PH 7548 . Eoin aca senmoir nar d.¤ d'Irúaith ben posda a derbrathar do bheth aici, 3 B 22, 97a3 ; cf. ZCP vi 289.17 . ni biadh sil na comarbadha dilsi dia n-es lawful heirs, ZCP iv 390 . ni dílios duinn a dhul leisan mac so `it would be unwise for us', Ériu v 170.114 . ni diles an aithrigi do cur ar cairdi, 3 B 22, 29b7 . ni oil cumachta ac nech ar indtind an breitheman do claenad on cert acht a breith mar bus d.¤ , 3 B 22, 32a12 . ní dilis na neithed ata a n-agaid na trocairi do iarraid, 24b2 .

(c) Of people faithful, loyal, true, trustworthy: nīr uindes dáe ba dīlse .i. nī facas duine ba tairise, ZCP v 489 § 12 (B. na f.). a baruna dísle, Fier. § 69 . im beth diles tairise dib, IT ii2 126.120 . air an bhainphriunnsa dar chóir d'E. a bheith d.¤ , Rel. Celt. ii 170.24 . is díleas inn dá gach fhior, DDána 101.32 . ag congmháil na bréithre dísle (the faithful word), Titus i 9 . aithin dona daoinibh dísle iad (= Lat. fidelis), Eochairsg. 14.15 . is díleas Dia, TSh. 263 = atá Día fírinneach, 1 Corinth. x 13 . turnaethe dísle, TSh. 7145 . an roba disle . . . do shaighdiuiribh `most loyal', AFM vi 2060.1 .

(d) sure, confident, reliable: nach dlighid bheith roidhíleas dá naomhthacht ná dá n-ionnracus féin, TSh. 3515 . is é gnáth-smuaineadh an bháis chorpardha tearmann is dísle againn dár ndídean ar bhás na hanma, 7654 . is iomdha fós comhartha dileas d'á dhearbhadh gurab í ár n-Eagluisne an Naomh-Eagluís chatoilice, Eochairsg. 2.10 .

(e) Of objects perh. firm, strong (usually alliterating): go cnappib dilsi deligthi, TBC-LL¹ 5337 ; cf. Acall. 5808 v.l. ropa daṅgen in dindgna ┐ rapa d.¤ in dénta, LL 227a30 ( TTr. 739 ). co n-amdabaigh do scíathaib delighti disli, Acall. 5159 v.l. léibeanna disle daingne dlúithe, Atlantis iv 178.1 .

Compar. is disliu detsiu . . . quam ildis `belongs rather to thee than to them', Mon. Tall. 160 § 77 . cad fá bud disli don ré eclipsis do chur ar an ngréin iná do Uenir, O'Gr. Cat. 247.31 . Superl. dilsim, Laws v 212.2 (see above).

Adv.: asse inad na ndeamhun co dilius an t-inadh sin (of the body) properly , Lib. Flav. ii 16vb15 . go díleas (= proprie), Keat. ii 5866 . tuigter na heaslaintidhe so go dilius trid an bhfual exclusively, particularly , 23 K 42, 140.4 . oir ní dilis gradaiges nech anní nach fuil aici truly , 3 B 22, 14a20 . ag labairt go d.¤ properly speaking, 3 C 19, 23ra20 .

discréit, discreit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. discréit, discreit or dil.ie/16798
Last Revised: 2013

adj (Lat. discrētus) discrete, separate: discre[i]t .i. discretus locus , Corm. Y 408 . discréit analysed as di-screit `cryless': discréit . . . .i. ni chluined screit duine in bale i ndenad a chrabud he never heard any one's cry in the place where, etc. , ACC 84 Comm. ( RC xx 266 ). Subst.

(a) distinction, differentiation: rothoirnsedar ar in n-usci na Greic gan discrit gan delugad indiscriminately , TTebe 1797 . cen deiscrit cen fírinde, BLism. 52b1 .

(b) discretion: do dheiscréid na banabbadh, Ériu xv 12 (6a) . fo dhisgréd na banabadh, 76 (82b) .

dḯuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dḯuit or dil.ie/16964

adj i (dí + ét, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 219 , dí + fot, GOI § 105 )

(a) simple, single-minded, sincere: ni sulbir in bríathar .i. ní dron act is diuit et is glé, Wb. 17b4 . diuti dúthrachtig do chomalnad soscéli gl. sinceres, 23b4 . ba diuit (.i. glan) fri Dia in naem-og sin, ZCP xii 293.21 . ba diuid dílocht o menmuin, vii 311 . gach cendais, gach ciúin, gach diūid, Ériu vi 236 . dús im bad diuit ┐ im bad maith a thaírus straightforward , Imr. Brain i 52 ( LU 11008 ). tabrait dait a coibsena | co diūit ┐ co lēir let them make full and sincere confession, ACL iii 318 , cf. LB 261a66 . As subst. sincerity, truth: ara n-indissed di diuit a imtech[ta], LU 11033 (diúiti, diuidi, v.ll.) ( Imr. Brain i 56 ). Of animals: don dá dhamh díana, díuide | doní doimh ciuine cennsa undomesticated , BNnÉ 213 § 79 .

(b) single, simple, uncompounded; often opposed to comsuidigthe compound: inna brēthre diuite of the simple verb, Sg. 168a3 . in diúit no in comsuidigthe in focul is eitged? Laws iii 94 . coll ar coll ndiuit single c (opposed to q = cu), Auraic. 2895 . gort ar gort ndiuit single g, 2898 . diles do a seacht diuidib it is proper to its seven simples (i.e. units, constituent parts?), 747 . crābud in buirb co n-indmus | los diuit, nit-goire a gris a flame and nothing more, its glow warms thee not, ZCP vii 311 . sugh na smér do tabairt co diuid nō maille biadh by itself or with food, 23 Q 5, 48.31 . ni bhfhuil acht trí gnéthe ar na fiabrusaibh aonda diuide, 3 C 19, 241 vb 1 . nach eslainte diuid . . . acht eslainte comhsuighi[g]thi, 129 va 25 . leiges diuid . . . leiges comsuigigthe, 23 P 10, 136a75 . leiges diuid .i. an leiges nach bi contraracht cumusci rena fholad (= simplex medecina), 23 F 19, 27 va 29 .

(c) simple-minded, silly: bale i mbai in Dagda, nar diúit who was no fool, Ériu vii 220 , 228 . hí Tressaig nocha dāl diúit `not a backward race', ii 50 . a druith na halla . . . a brecanaigh diúit!, IT iii 98 . is diud ┐ as amglicc do duine amhurus do beith aigi ar na briathraibh adubairt Crist, Lib. Flav. ii 40 rb 5 . a daeine diuidi borba is mall-croidi docum creidim, 3 B 22, 80 b10 . ag rādh neithi ndiuid leanbuidhi, 3 C 19, 78 vb 10 . aislingthe eglacha . . . diúide, 3 C 22, 206b31 . timid, hesitating (?): ba diuit meta a comarli, Cog. 170 ( foolish ?).

dligid,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dligid, or dil.ie/17037
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dlegair, rodlecht, dligid

v On the forms see Bergin, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 183 ff . IGT Verbs § 35 . Cf. also § 18 and also Peritia ix 122 .

In O.Ir. the general meaning is

(a) is entitled to, has a right to, is owed (as a debt), passing into the kindred sense

(b) deserves, merits .

The construction is: dligim x do y I am entitled to x (thing) from y (person); y owes me x; I deserve x from y ; the corresponding pass. being: dlegair x do y x is due from y. With Lat. dative (hence Ir. DO): dlegair discipulis orare, Wb. 26a32 . In Mid. Ir. DO was confused with and ultimately supplanted by DE, the prep. being felt rather as = Lat. de, cf. Thes. ii 347.41 : amal rodlecht de misero as (much as) was due from a poor fellow.

(a) With DO: dligim ní duit I have a claim on you (refers to quod . . . mihi debes), Wb. 32a20 . ní asriad do feichemain rodligestar ní do who had a claim upon him, Ml. 36a29 . meni dlessad fhíachu do neoch unless some one . . . owed him debts, TBC-LL¹ 2988 . lind rodlecht rí Lagen do ríg Ua C. ale to which the king of L. was entitled from the king of Uí C., Thes. ii 347.34 . Without prep. : dligsius Feradach F. possessed it as a right (obj. `bith'), Rawl. 116c20 ( Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 7 ). síl . . . notlessad ríge forn `that would have a right to reign over us', Fél. 132.30 . iss mé dliges fiachu, BDD 70 . gébat-sa a tech issin ní nondligim I will take the house in requital of what is due to me, 73 . ní dlig laech a enecland dia mbé i n-ecmais a arm no warrior is entitled to honour-price, TBC-I¹ 1671 . a curathmír do Loegairiu uair iss é nondlig, FB 14 . ni dligthi comardad fris you have no right to put yourselves on a level with him, 41 . in rí ac ná bia sin uile | ni dlig āirim rigraide, ACL iii 223.26 . merendo pretium stupri .i. dligid si fiach a saothair (explanation of `merdrech'), Corm. Y 140 . bargen trichat ungae . . . dlegait in bráthair im nóin, Ériu iii 102 . ni dlig demun dilgud, Laws i 8.23 . magh bec as na dlig giall out of which he is not entitled to a hostage, 82.10 Comm. indlighid don fechemuin . . . troscad . . . um ní nar dligustar, 88.22 Comm. dlegait beich iii bliadan suire bees are entitled to three years exemption, iv 164 . cidh urrunnus nodleisead int athair don coibche whatever share of the nuptial present the father might be entitled to, 60.24 Comm. dleaghaid Muscraidi trian cach turchairthe dochuirfead tond hi tir, Lec. 126b36 . dleaghaid aigidh a riar guests are entitled to attention, Hy Fiach. 40 . dodligh Ua C. an marbadh ísin i ndioghal mharbhtha a dearbhrathar O'C. had a right to slay (him), AFM v 1770 .

Folld. by dependent clause: di mnai . . . dlegtae a mbreith for otrus who are entitled to sick-maintenance, Ériu xii 30 § 37 . dligim a lethid sud do rada `I have a right to say such a thing', RC xix 144 . ni dleagaid a ngabail a fhiadnaisi they are not entitled to be accepted as evidence, YBL 142a52 . dlegait flaithe fonuaslaicter a ngella chiefs are entitled to the redemption of their pledges, Laws iii 24 .

With pers. obj.: ail dún descin ríg nondlig the king who has a claim on us (i.e. whom we serve), Metr. Dinds. ii 36 .

Absol.: sech gach baili a ndligim every stead in which I have rights (?), ZCP xii 387 .

Folld. by DE: dligim dít-su .i. marbad mo chomcheili I have a claim on thee, namely, for the slaying of my comrade, RC iii 184 ( LL 122a46 ). atat ar commáine fair . . . dlegmait de ar foirithin we are entitled to help from him, Hib. Min. p. 65 . millsen dliges rī Caisil dib, Corm. Y 140 . nach forbech dliges rí Locha Léin de Chorco Tri, ZCP viii 316 . corr in bass do-dligis dind shapely the hand which we owe Thee (of the hand of Christ), ACL iii 243 § 23 . an rí is damhna an rígh arís | dá mharbhnaidh dím do dhleisdis, Book of O'Conor Don 260a27 . má dhligheann tú éinní dhe, Philemon 18 . Cf. also Luke vii 41 , xvi 5 , where the prep. used is probably de.

Folld. by ó: (of a wound) ni dligh focruic leada on fir fodadfich is not entiled to (i.e. does not give the injured party a right to) payment of the leech from the man who inflicts it, Ériu xii 16 § 19 . croidhe eile dhlighim uaidh, | an croidhe-si uaim do bhris, Dánta Gr. 50.3 .

(b) deserves, merits: ni dlig digail he does not deserve punishment, Wb. 4c23 . ni dligi bennachtain, Goid. 180 . dligid ecna airmitin, Tec. Corm. § 15 . dlegat péin ┐ damain forru, PH 4076 . dlegat onoir ┐ oirmitiu mor (leg. oirmitin móir?) doib (where doib refers to subj. of verb), 1505 . dlegait tríst ar techt ó Chríst (men) deserve a curse when they depart from Christ, Metr. Dinds. iii 12 . ni radligiusa diultud frim i Temraich, LL 51b9 . nach tuc as acht drong do dligh he brought out only those who deserved it, Ériu iv 118 . ón dammain dliges tria chomchétfaid n-imarbais, RC xxv 242 . ernifes do chách amal dlé, 248 . is mo . . . m'indirgi inas mar dligim logad (= quam ut veniam merear, Gen. iv 13 ), Lec. 531a31 . dlighidh gach maith a luaighidheacht, TSh. 4875 . Folld. by DE: ni holc rodlecht dím do ben no evil hath thy wife deserved of me, Metr. Dinds. iii 388 . By ó: ni dlegait fiach o Dia o nach do doniat saethar they deserve (earn) no recompense from God, ZCP iv 389 . do dhlighis achmusán uaim, KMMisc. 346 .

II Pass. dlegair x do y

(a) x is due from y; y owes x, (b) x is required of, is incumbent on y (where x generally a vn. or clause). In O.Ir. the construction is felt to be personal, as is shown by the use of pl. form; later it comes to be impers., esp. in cases of type (b).

(a) ní dlegar ní duib gl. nemini quicquam debeatis, Wb. 6a24 . manud dlegar ni do gl. si aliquid . . . debet, 32a18 . dlegtir féich dúib you owe debts, 4a10 . cia no-dlestá miach óir do cech ḟir díb though each man of them should owe a bushel of gold, TFerbe 31 .

With DE: ni dlegar cimbid dim c[h]iniul a captive is not due from my tribe, TBC-I¹ 2142 = dom, TBC-LL¹ 1579 . imin mbiadh a ndlesta in cumul de for which the c. would be due from him, Laws ii 268 Comm. Absol.: i ndlegur no na dlegur in cin whether the debt is due or not, Laws ii 52 Comm.

(b) dlegar dom I am bound to, ought to; absol. it is due, right, necessary: dlegair domsa precept do cách gl. debitor sum, Wb. 1b8 . dlegair do comalnad ind huili rechto gl. debitor est universae legis faciendae, 20a12 . dlegair doib ministrare gl. debent m., 7a8 ; 13a17 . dlegair do neuch attlugud buide do Dia gl. debiti est, Ml. 55a7 . a coic cach lae d'fhiss . . . dlegair do cach intliuchtach, SR 262 . ised dlegur don aite in marcuigucht do munadh dho, Laws ii 156 Comm. ised dlegair don rig cuindrech cáich, PH 4099 . mar dlegar don cleir in chuing, Hy Fiach. 240 . go ndleaghair dhúinn bheith i n-oirchill ar an éag, TSh. 886 . With depend. clause: dlegair do flaithaib donimairget cach dib it is incumbent on princes to levy, Laws iii 20 . dlegar don rig nach derna fell, YBL 168a15 . Absol.: ni dlegar accubur inna ndrochgnimae, Ml. 90d11 . dlegair ón condib inducbal do Dia aní as inducbal dia muntair, 90b13 . dlegtair samaisci móra bale na bít tairb heifers must needs be big where there are no bulls, IT i 72 . nico dlegar tuaslucud for feoil there should be no relaxation as regards meat, Mon. Tall. § 51 . dia peccaige i nDia dleghar a chlochad, PH 2749 . do foillsiugud in neich dlegair do dénum hi tempul Dé, 4533 . ni dligther snámh a mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce a comhfochruibe there is no obligation to teach, Laws ii 156 Comm. ní dlegar coindmed do dénum . . . forru, BColm. 64 . ní dleaghair cion staire do thabhairt ar a scríbhinn, Keat. i 56 . dleagur an fual do toghairm isna tedmannaibh so, 23 P 10, 29a33 . Perf. (esp. in chevilles): feib rodlecht as was due, SR 1301 . fuair a aidid, mar rodlecht, Metr. Dinds. iii 6 . ruc uan degrand mar rodlecht, LL 153b15 . iar n-imarbus doib nir dlecht, Lec. 533a32 .

Folld. by DE: dlegair duin (nó dín) dul do'n glan-rúin, PH 5216 . mna delbda . . . a ndermat ni dlegar dím, LL 137a12 . ni dlegur de a foirithin he is not bound to give him relief, Laws ii 58 . airlisi . . . ni dleghar de dire `is not entitled (amenable?) to a fine', 70.25 (III (c) ?). dlegair de a crod uile do breith ind it is required of him to bring, iv 20 Comm. cach comaithech asa tir dotroich, dlegar de a glanad, Corm. Y 1082 . ni dlegar dím acht oen-ailgis isind lo sa I am not bound to grant more than one request, RC iii 179 . dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6869 . is ed dlegar dib-sium co rocharut he-sium, 4098 . do chinn tslōighidh nāch dlecht diobh to which they were not bound, ZCP viii 116 (dlecht?). ni dlegar dim gāi do rād, Lec. 84b15 . malairt do dligheadh dínne the exchange I should have made, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiii 3 . ní dleaghair díom scéala do thabhairt duit-se, Keat. ii 6347 . a mharbhnadh ní díom dlíghear | ním ollamh re oirfideadh, Ó Bruad. ii 150 .

With AR, ó: dlegar ar in dar[a] fer ni dlegar on alaile it is required of, Laws ii 272.22 Comm. In follg. cases there is an ellipse: erlam grind [is] manach min . . . combrugaid is deorad De | uadaib dlegar apdaine it is from these that the office of abbot should be filled, ZCP xii 385 = gabthar, Wortk. 212 ; cf. ZCP ix 470.7 . is o Muscraidi dlegar ollam i Caisel dogres, Lec. 126b41 .

III In Mid. Ir. dligid is often used in act. voice in sense ought, is bound to, owes , a meaning developed from above use of passive, but which is implicit in some cases (esp. in neg. sentences) which strictly belong to I: ní dlig comraind curadmír the champion's bit is not entitled to division (i.e. should not be divided), FB 68 . trí dorchae ná dlegat mná do imthecht into which women have no right to go, Triads 100 . dligid óg eladha it is the part of a young man (to acquire) learning, ZCP vi 261 . hiteat sin lín dath dligius cach cochull oiffrind ann, LB 108a62 .

(a) Of moral or legal obligation ought, is bound to, must; in late texts the condit. is often used of moral obligation (cf. Fr. il devrait): an t-ollamh cuinghes gach ní . . . dligidh a bhrondadh amhail chuinghes, ZCP viii 109 § 3 . ni dlig ollamh ainbfeile, § 2 . cecha marbt[h]ar diobh . . . dlighid a íoc rí Temrach the king of T. is bound to pay for him, 116 . dligid na righ . . . besa . . . do mhūna da gclannuibh, Ériu v 132 . dlighidh seanchaid seneolus na n-airdrigh d'aisneis, MR 96 . dligid eascob oirned crismad coisercad, Lec. 341a49 . dligid in fili gorob feallsam the f. ought to be a philosopher, 313a25 . ní sinne dlighus Eireannaigh do chabair, CF 241 . dlighidh eól ar uile chumhachtuibh connsuineadh he should have knowledge of, IGT Introd. 2 . ós ann dhlighim biad (bead, MSS.) dod réir since it is my duty, I will obey you, Content. xiv 5 . gurab eadh do dhlighfidís smuaineadh, TSh. 153 . go ndligheann sé a choguas do bheith glan aige he ought to have a clear conscience, Eochairsg. 36 . níor dhlighis mo dhíon you were not bound to protect me, A. Ó Dálaigh xxvii 8 . gan rún bréige . . . do dlighfeadh triath Banbha breagh ought to be without, Book of O'Conor Don 255bz . Of logical necessity: laidaightur an teas nádúrdha acu . . . dá réir sin dlighid bheth meta consequently they are necessarily timid (of inhabitants of hot countries), 24 P 3, 172.14 . ca dobheir gach uili allus ar bíth co ndlighenn sé blais sailti do bheth air why must all perspiration have a salty taste, 173.24 .

(b) Impers. construction: is aire sin nach dlig a lecud ass it is not right to release him, PH 2817 . da marbad De gin cor dlig though it was not right, ACL iii 245 . Breaga ┐ Cuailgne . . . ni dlig a ndearmad, Lec. 356b8 . cūisi eile rothógbattur ar aird as a ndleisiod a mharbhadh for which he ought to be killed, TFrag. 170 . is maith do dlisfidh a n-ulc do denam, uair is adbul a n-ecoiri it would be quite right to do them injury, TTebe 2628 v.l. (amae dlestis, text).

(c) Owes, with DO of creditor: dligid cech rí réil | ēric Nēill ón Nás every king of N. owes Niall's eric, KMMisc. 272 . cert cech ríg . . . do chlannaib Neill . . . acht triar ni (ná, v.l.) dlig cert, 260 . dlestis sin onoir ndeolaid duit they would owe thee, Fen. 358 . an gradh do dhlighmíd d'ar gcomharsain, Donlevy 80 . Similarly in pass., O.Ir. dlegar x do y x is due from (owed by) y coming to mean x is due to y: im cert cach fenneda .i. cach set dlegar don fennid, Laws i 206 . dlegar d'Ultaib (dlegait Ulaid, LL) tabach gēill it is the right of the Ulstermen to levy, KMMisc. 272 . dlegair do lind locha Léin | athchomarc, Metr. Dinds. iii 260 . dleaghair do shluagh shíol Luighdheach | sreathnughadh cath sluagh Muimhneach, Keat. iii 3074 (poem). Rarely with DE: nach airlisi . . . ni dleghar de dire `every "arlis"-enclosure . . . is not entitled to a fine' (?), Laws ii 70 (II (b) ?). ag seo in glacc-sa a nguin do glaicci, | a maic De, mar dlegar dit as is due to Thee, ACL iii 243 § 24 (construction due to rhyme with ícc?).

do-indnaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-indnaig or dil.ie/17889
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: doindnaich, do-n-indnig-som, tonindnaig, tinnagat, do-ndn-indinsin-se, duindainsed, tindnised, do-dn-indnasti-se, do-n-indin, -tidnastis, duécomnacht, do-n-écomnacht, tecomnacht, dorindnacht, doindnagar, tindnagtar, doindnastar, doindnasatar, doindnastar, doinnasatar, doindnacht, doécomnacht, teícomnacht, do-r-rindnacht, thinnachtae, tindnacol, doidnais, do-ridnacht, dorignacht, doeccomnacht, doridhnacht, rot(h)idnacht, tidnastar, doridnacht, tidnaicid, doridnaic, tidnacad, tindlaig-, dosrindlacht, doninnlaic, tindlacan, tidlaig-, tidlacad, tidnais, tidnais, t[h]idnuis

v (* to-ind-anag, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. doindnaich, Sg. 27b12 . do-n-indnig-som, Wb. 28a17 . tonindnaig, LL 13889 . 3 pl. rel. tinnagat, Ml. 93a20 . Subj. impf. 1 s. do-ndn-indinsin-se, Wb. 9b7 . 3 s. duindainsed, Ml. 78b18 . mani tindnised , Wb. 4b13 . 2 pl. do-dn-indnasti-se, 9b7 . Fut. 3 s. lasse do-n-indin , 13b29 . Condit. 3 pl. -tidnastis, Fing. R. 896 . Perf. (with -com-) 2 s. duécomnacht, Ml. 77c5 . 3 s. óre do-n-écomnacht , Wb. 1a1 . rel. tecomnacht, 26d23 . (with -ro-) dorindnacht, SR 124 (see GOI § 533 ).

Pass. pres. s. doindnagar, Wb. 16d14 . pl. rel. tindnagtar, 15c2 . Subj. pres. s. doindnastar, Ml. 142d1 . pl. doindnasatar, Wb. 17a2 . Fut. s. doindnastar, Ml. 46c20 . pl. doinnasatar, 30c17 . Pret. doindnacht, ACL iii 296 § 43 . Perf. (with -com-) doécomnacht, Wb. 14c33 . frisa teícomnacht , 19c8 . (with -ro-) do-r-rindnacht, 20d15 (see GOI § 533 ). Part. thinnachtae, Ml. 126d12 . Vn. tindnacol.

In Mid.Ir. the above stem is generally replaced by follg.:

(a) do-idnaig-: Fut. 2 s. doidnais, ZCP iii 210.12 ( LU 9633 ). Perf. 3 s. do-ridnacht, SR 1469 , 2020 , etc., dorignacht, 2672 . doeccomnacht .i. doridhnacht , O'Dav. 792 . rot(h)idnacht, SR 1977 , 2633 , etc. Pass. fut. s. tidnastar, ZCP ix 454.26 . PH 5144. 6918 . Perf. doridnacht, Ériu iv 158.18 . Fél. Nov. 12 v.l., Anecd. ii 9.5 . Later as simple vb. tidnaicid (note also perf. 3 s. doridnaic, Alex. 632 ). Vn. tidnacad.

(b) tindlaig-: Perf. dosrindlacht, IT iii 64.6 (= dosrinnlach, 22 ); doninnlaic (dotnindlaic, v.l.), O'Dav. 1522 ; usually as simple vb., vn. tindlacan.

(c) tidlaig-, treated as simple vb., vn. tidlacad.

(d) tidnais-: ipv. 2 s. tidnais comarli dam, MacCongl.² 29.892 . pret. 3 s. tidnais oen dó, MacCongl.² 20.613 . messi t[h]idnuis robud duit araír, MacCongl.² 27.852 .

See IGT Verbs § 56 .

(a) gives, bestows, grants, hands over (with DO of recipient): translates Lat. largiri, Ml. 93a20 ; contribuere, 78b18 ; distribuere, Sg. 27b12 ; tradere, Wb. 4b13 , 9b7 , 13b29 . Ml. 126d12 . mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, Wb. 15a2 . in soinmigi duécomnacht dun, Ml. 77c5 . dorindnacht soas do Chummain, Fél. Nov. 12 . rí doridnacht talam tlacht | do Adaum, SR 1469 . rí rothidnacht do doenib | domun cona degmóinib, 1977 . ni tidnaic deorad De what a pilgrim bestows, Laws v 438.16 . co nus-tidnaicce Dia duit bethaid suthain, PH 6631 . i n tan na tidnaicc do bochtaib a chuit áine, 8373 . in spirut nóeb . . . tínaiced a rath in bale is áil dó, 5493 . tidnaig a dig do, Anecd. i 14.19 . tindlaicc dam aeib is eolus, BB 399a31 . caith a ndothidnacht Dia duid, Ériu i 46.9 . cid mor maithiusa notidnaiced in toictiu dó, CCath. 1090 . soilse ind Righ thidnaicis in flaith; soilse na noeb dia tidnacar, Ériu ii 144 § 161 . With omission of obj.: acht mad doene anforbthi . . . dōib-sede nī thidnaice, ACL iii 316 § 44 = doib noco comtidnais, LB 261a55 . Rarely with accus. of pers.: bendac[h]fuid cāch, cac[h] oc a bennochad; tidnocfaid cāch, cāch oc a t[h]idnocol, ZCP ix 455 . With FOR of pers.: méit donindnagar fornni fochith, Wb. 14b15 . Of offering in sacrifice: muirfidhter da fer .x. gach lai ┐ tidnaicfidhter dona deib, Ériu v 154 . Delivers up, hands over: [du]ecomnacht Dia in cathraig hi lāma Cald, Ml. 54c18 . morfessur clainne Saóil | dosridnacht Dauid . . . | i lamaib Ammoníta, SR 6747 . mani bed drochduine he, ni thindlécmais-ne det-siu he, PH 2699 . mairc . . . don tí triasa tídnustar mac duine fri croich, 5144 . do tionnlaicedh O Donnabhán do M., Cog. 88.2 . go dtiodhlaicidh an Tighearna thú ar dtuitim do láthair do námhad (= tradat te Dominus corruentem ante hostes tuos), TSh. 9705 . Hands down (of tradition, etc.): is é rotomais ina fuil itir firmamint ┐ grēin ┐ doridnacht do rimairib, Laws i 28.12 ( SR 124 ). tidnaic sen do tsin one senior conveys (tradition) to another, 36.19 . isuide dodnidnaig cluais do cluais do comceniuil (of a claim regarding tenure of land which is based on family tradition), iv 286.1 .

(b) brings, conveys, conducts (this sense seems confined to stem tidlaic- or tindlaic-): co ba trí do hinnlaicedh don Róimh eiséin thrice it was taken to Rome, SG 31.37 . ratinnlaicidh ar amus Comghaill iat, KMMisc. 321 v.l. § 4 n. 1 . guidh an Coimdhiu . . . co rotidlaici tu cusan creidem, RC x 184 .

1 domun

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 domun or dil.ie/18161

Forms: doman, domon, dommon, domnaib, domain

n o, m. Also doman, domon; dommon, Corm. Y 416 . is domain tair, ZCP viii 114.1 .

I The world, the earth: in domon gl. mundus, Ml. 145c4 . rann di rannaib in domain gl. mundi, 125b7 . a huili chenela domuin, 67b17 . fon domun, 53b9 , 65c9 . isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . i ndíthrub in domuin asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . flaith in domain co immel, Thes. ii 333.13 . linfaid inn-huili ndomon, SR 8032 . toirthi in domuin, 2623 . cen siriud in domain duind, LU 3546 ( SCC § 29 ). aird do airdib in domain, FB § 80 . mi in ro-cet-cruthaiged in domun, PH 3518 . co ngébad [Ísu] ard-rigi in uli domain, 3922 . prima etas mundi . . . in ced áis don doman, MacCarthy 278 .

Freq. used without article: oc tuis[t]in domuin, Ml. 19d1 . rí . . . dorósat domun dualach, SR 3 . sluaig fer ṅdomuin, 3488 . fir domain i n-óen-bale , FA 13 . de mnáib domain ule, FB § 19 . do maccaib domain, Fél. June 16 . béstín . . . is áille bói do béstib domain, PH 7201 . a hoirthur domain, 917 . tháinig clann Míleadh tar muir | an treas aois d'aosaibh domhain, Content. xv 71 . Manannán úas domun (leg. domuin?) dind, LU 3961 ( SCC § 45 ). In sense of mankind: ícc in domuin, Wb. 5c14 . atbath in doman i mbás pecctha, PH 2973 .

In religious lit. the world, i.e. the earthly life, etc. (oppd. to eternity): scarad fri indeb in domuin, Wb. 30a18 . ar accubur ┐ saint immin domun (sic leg.) gl. pro appetitu caducorum, Ml. 69a6 . bethad cé .i. in domuin chentar, Hy. v 22 Comm. ( Thes. ii 332.26 ). ní cair in domuin cathim she loved not enjoyment of the world, 8 . fristoing don d.¤ renounces the world, ZCP iii 453.24 . fear roscara[d] frisin d.¤ (.i. teit i n-ailithre), Laws v 234.23 . ropo crochda in domun dó ┐ rocrochar-som don d.¤ , PH 1673 . cath fri demun ┐ doman, 1920 . iar mbreith buadha ó dhomhan ┐ ó dheamhan, O'Don. Suppl.

In physical sense earth (cf. talam): tucad [Ádamh] iter chois is cheand | isin domun chaem choitchend, Lec. 533a10 . do neoch focheard doman de all that the earth puts forth, Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 3 . In loose sense, of inhabited earth: cérbo rí in domuin Nabcodon, Fél. Prol. 93 . r[o]gabsat a thoisig in domun dia eis (i.e. after Alexander), Lec. 34a4 . Esp. of Roman Empire: do Chonstantín . . . do ardríg in domain, FA 32 . bui rig croda . . . forsin domun (of Decius), PH 961 . Oenric rí in domuin (of medieval Roman Empire), RC xvii 363.18 (Tig.). In pl. (in poetic hyperbole): gabais for dōine (doenib, dhainibh, MSS.) domnaib he seized sway over worlds of men (?), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 5 . crothais domnu he made worlds tremble, i 40 § 15 . in d.¤ mór the great world (i.e. the world outside one's own country, oft. Europe as oppd. to Ireland): comaimsirad righ hErend fri rigaib in domain moir, Lec. 34a1 . coriandrium .i. luibh fhāsas annsa domhan mor . . . ┐ dogeibter i nEirinn, 23 K 42, 410.10 . toradh croinn fasus annsa doman mor, RC ix 232.6 . Cf. Acts xix 27 : a nAisia ┐ an domhan mór uile. Similarly in d.¤ tair the eastern world (i.e. the Continent): for muir isin domun tair, Cóir Anm. 115 . dā ndeachaid . . . sa domhan soir, ZCP viii 109.1 . in d.¤ becc the microcosm, i.e. man: in duine dianad sloind ic na felsamaib domun becc, PH 4606 . comaentaighi an doman is lugha risin doman is mo correspondence between the microcosm and macrocosm, 23 P 10, 17b17 .

In phrase isin d.¤ , for (ar) d.¤ in the world , i.e. anywhere, at all (follg. a noun), any, whatsoever ; freq. in neg. sentence and after superl.: mani dirge-siu . . . nocon fil isin d.¤ nodn-dírgi, FB § 27 . nicon fail i n-a sealba isin doman ní nā tibre dam, Corm. Y 698 . fer as dísle san domhun, KMMisc. 246.16 . ni fuil cruthugad isin doman a Stodiacc there is no figure at all in the Zodiac, Ir. Astr. Tr. 122.16 . nách sochma do neoch for doman d'fhaisneis, PH 4315 . cen biadh ar doman do tomailt, SG 19.37 . ní gatar a forgall ar domun degmna `no woman is deprived of her testimony' (= ní gatar forgall degmna ar d.¤ ?), Cáin Ad. 4 . nach dleaghar a gcas ar domhan fín ┐ bainne d'ól . . . in any case whatsoever, 3 C 19, 127.18 . Later used merely to emphasize statement: cainneal ba lōr métt sa doman an exceedingly big candle, Fl. Earls 50.16 . co n-a n-uile riachtanus a less ōrdanāiss mhōir ┐ munisioin ar doman with all they require of great ordinance and ammunition, 40.10 . Similarly in gen.: sēpēl ro-onōrach ar dheissi in domain , 72.10 . ba lōr do chūiss ūathbhāiss in domain enough to cause the greatest terror, 188.12 .

II In limited sense, country, native district, (of a ruler) realm: gur thúiri mé an tolamh thoir | mur budh é an ndoman duthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 719 . o ranic in rig bo des | ina doman derb dileas, Lec. 608a27 . ní bhí gart dall ina dhomhan `there is no untilled field in his realm', KMMisc. 174 § 36 . a domun do dichennad . . . .i. a chūiged gan chennach, MR 218.1 . Hence property, power, influence (in indeterminate sense): ar chuncid indmais no domain uasail, PH 8369 . cona bugh lugu dogebthai do rigi ┐ du d.¤ o mnaib inas o feraib, Lec. 31a35 . gan lógh do ghabháil ar domhan n-ecclastucdha `for church property', AFM ii 1102.2 .

Compd. ¤scríbnid: inna ṅdomunscribnide gl. cosmographiorum, BCr. 37b1 .

1 én,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 én, or dil.ie/20038
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: én, éu, eóuin, eóin, én, eiúin, euin, eoin, eún, eon, én, én, eóin, eoin, éin, eoin, heónu, heona, euna, ṅén, én, én

n o, m. a bird: n s. essen didiu ni hēn chadacht no ni hēn clūmda cedacht [sic leg.] not yet a fledged bird Corm. Y 511 (cf. cadacht, Thes. ii 252.18 . cedacht, Wb. 27d13 ). én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 . int én bec 343.14 . cuach findruini ┐ én óir for a lár, FB 60 . én do lic lógmair, 62 . in t-ēn gaires as in tsail | ālainn guilbnén is glan gair, IT iii 47.3 . éu, Anecd. i 28 § 27 . v s. a eóuin Accla, 24.15 . a eóin , 25 § 4 . a s. sénais inn ēn luamnech the fluttering bird Hy v 64 . amal én LU 69b17 = TBC-I¹ 1259 . nomad loighi na circi in gach en da henaib an airet bet re cois for every chick Laws iii 380.2 . g s. do anmaim ind eiúin , Sg. 93a2 . i ndeilb euin RC iii 346.19 . suide eoin , Hy v 1 . bés éoin ar luamain TBC-LL¹ 3615 . a chride ind eoin ittig, 3462 . tré sciath n-ete indala héoin, SCC 7 . hi tuaim inn eouin, CCC 5 (Eg.). i rricht eoin = sub specie avis Todd Lect. v 20.8 . guth eoin bhinn do bhilibh GF, Ériu v 54.43 . sgéala gach eóin don ealta, TD 15.27 . guth a néin, Eccles. xii 4 . d s. dund eún , Ml. 118b10 (ref. to pellicanus). donn eon , ACL iii 234.15 . Dán Dé ix 24 . n du. in dá én , SCC 6 . a du. da én , 7 . CCC 2 . g du. a ndeilb da eun finn, RC iii 346.34 . d du. don dá éan, TD 15.31 . n p. amal donemat eoin a suthu as birds protect their young Ml. 39c22 . amal ṁbite in euin utmaill sin (ref. to locustae) 127c12 . ind eóin , FA 33 (LU. ina heoin LB). ind eoin , SCC 5 . an éin , CCC 2 (LU). eoin aititin (.i. cerca ┐ geodh) `domestic fowl' Laws v 166.5 . eoin mara...eoin moige ná móna ...eoin choilledh, O'Gr. Cat. 487.14 . a p. dossib...inna heónu will hunt the birds LU 129a40 . 63a3 . ina heona TBC-I¹ 708 . gin euna , CCC 4 (Eg.). fostaid ocht n-eono díb, TBC-LL¹ 1335 . fastaid sé eóin déc díb, 1336 (heona St). g p. trírech inna ṅén , Thes. ii 290.8 . foraim én , SCC 5 . irrechtaib én nglégel, FA 33 . iall én , TBC-LL¹ 1952 . ingne éan, TSh. 3466 . d p. d'iasc ┐ di enaib, IT ii 173.8 . dona héanaibh, TD 15.28 . TSh. 3057 .

Special uses: a éan coluim ar cheannsa O dove for gentleness Dán Dé i 19 . gan uiread eoin chirce da mhaoin féin so much as a chick (? cf. under eréne, éirín(e), above, and Cog. 48.19 ) Keat. iii 2756 .

Fig., etc. nipu ēn comadus ina n-ēill not a suitable bird for their flock (of an uncomely fellow seeking to join a party of poets) Corm. Bodl. p. 180 . an t-ēn oirdnidi (of St. Gregory) YBL 164a47 = ZCP xii 368.3 . e.¤ baile bird of ecstasy (fig. for dream of love (?), the kisses of Mac ind Óc): eoin bale batar oc athigid Chairpri L. do Ráith Chairpri...cetheora póca in Meic Ooc ros delb i rricht cethri n-én co mbetís ic togairad cǽm nHerend, LL 166a22 . Dinds. 117 . Cf. Metr. Dinds. iv 212 . A Luim Laine nacham luaid | ...manibetis leca Luigdech lis | eoin bic baile rot betis were it not for the `leca L. l.' the birds of ecstasy (?) would be with thee LL 145b14 (cf. ZCP viii 107.6 and n 0 . MS. Mat. 478 . iii lecca lis Luighdech .i. gress ┐ ruicci ┐ mebul , RC xxiii 324 x ). é.¤ crosse: co hén crossi .i. saland `the bird of a cross—salt' MacCongl. 101.1 = co hen croithe (= croiche ?) 127.16 . eóin erchoille (v.l. earcaille), name given to a class of mercenaries , Triads 230 . é.¤ finn: éun fionn `ossifrage or white Eagle' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 289 ( ACL iii 155 ). é.¤ catha a bird-standard, an ensign: ra tócbait a signi sitharda ┐ a n-eóin chatha, LL 239b38 = TTr. 1702 . é.¤ gaile bird of valour, a phenomenon supposed to accompany the martial fury of heroes (cf. O. Ir. lúan láith): atrácht a én gaile ós a anáil, LL 225a47 (= TTr. 600 ). ra eirgetar a n-eoin gaile ós a n-analaib, 239b41 (= TTr. 1706 ). Fianaig. 94. 13 . adraig a en gaile co mbai for luamain uasa cind, Aen. 2567 . Cog. 188 . FDG 237 = MR 32.9 . én gualann pet bird: én gualann Dé (ep. of Colum Cille) ZCP x 340.9 .

COMPDS.: ¤abdul of big birds (?): conid fordub cu aér n-enadbul uas a cennaib as far as the sky where the great birds soar (?) LL 265a7 = MU 20.28 .

¤amar bird-song (?): tiaguit inn eoin remib...ba haluinn in t-enlorg ┐ in t-enamar cachnaitir for a lluamuin CCC 2 Eg. = ba cáin in t-énlorg ┐ t-énamar bói leu LU. e.¤fhlaith bird reign, bird kingdom BDD 16.171 and p. 121 .

¤lorg a flight of birds (?): see under ¤amar, above, and: suairc in t-énlorg én álainn | ní scélborb amar scáilim SG 347.18 .

¤ogam bird-ogam , a cipher in which the letters are denoted by names of birds, as `e' by `ela' and so on, Auraic. 5692 .

With pref. sen-én ancient bird i.e. a hawk, crow: sen-ēn .i. prechan no seabac ut est smacht peta seneoin ┐ sinnaig, O'Dav. 1414 = peata seneóin (.i. sebaicc), Laws iv 114.11 ( 16 ). i ndelbaib sen-én, LL 246 b6 (= IT iii 244.35 ). in da ṡin-én hí sin, 246b20 = IT iii 244.45 . siabra ┐ seneoin (hovering over a battlefield), Cog. 174.10 .

2 fann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fann or dil.ie/21294

adj o-ā weak, helpless, lacking strength or power; soft, pliant; a weak, helpless person: used in a variety of applications. Of living beings: bean ḟ.¤ , IGT, Decl. § 116 . cf. fann [o, m.] § 96 . bale i ndénta fingal no etualand d'immirt for fannaib, LU 4342 . coibés no sroiglithea in tren ... ┐ in fand, LB 155b50 . dia mbat goirt, bid fann do chlí | fri haíne, ZCP vii 298.18 . intí is trén, nertad in fand, PH 5825 . in chruim rúad trá ba fand ar thús, LU 194 (`was weak' Todd Lect. vi 11 ). pl.: ar faind ┐ ar mná ┐ ar maccaími d'ḟácbáil, LL 263b22 ( MU² 241 ). na faind, LB 155b46 . na fáinn ┐ na truaigh do ḟodhbhadh, RC xxv 392.21 . forrach fann despoiling the weak Lism. L. 4551 . dona dainib fannaibh (= infirmis) 1437 . Lat. Lives 76 . furtuightheóir na bhfann, TSh. 5146 . fanna mila marta `weak are the animals of March' CRR 6 . Of inanimate objects: fid f.¤ (the fig-tree) SR 1363 . fid fand fleascach, Anecd. i 54x . sibhne fanna, IGT, Decl. ex. 1365 . folt fand flescach smooth LU 4231 . ri fairrge faind `the sluggish sea' Metr. Dinds. iii 442 . Druim F. fan fann sreabh, TD 4.18 . cranna fanna (of spear-shafts) LU 9688 (? = fianna, LL 277a37 ). Of a banner: sróll fann re caoil-ḟiodhbhaidh limp (?) GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 102 . In abstract sense: fand indiu mo beatha, Ériu iv 154.15 . bidh f.¤ a cumang, ZCP viii 110.12 . ní fáth fand not paltry the cause MacCarthy 148 (< LL 127a17 ). ní seolad fand, Anecd. i 69z . cf. ni foccul fandsaide, LL 28a10 where -saide seems to be the anaphoric suff. pron. tola fanna weak passions Ériu ii 55 § 4 . Adv. ro erig cu fand cobsaid, PH 511 . Compar. (+ di): ni ba fainnide do recht no do righe foirne thy rule over us shall be none the weaker D IV 2, 53 [51]r b 33 . Diffident, (?): du breith aesa faind ┐ boirb for seis, Auraic. 737 . IGT, Introd. § 1 . do fubhtad borb ┐ aineolach ┐ do breith aesa fainn for seis dligid, Cóic Con. 26 § 1 . Cf. do cosc (.i. tegusc) fand (.i. aineolach) , ZCP v 486.4 (B. na f.). áos fann .i. áos aineolach no lag, O'Cl. s.v. fainne. Cf. forcedal fann trēn, ZCP vii 298.2 .

Compds.: With subst.: ¤ád ` lowly fortune ' Metr. Dinds. iii 60.79 (: Dallán). ¤bréit a soft or yielding piece of cloth, etc.: na fannbreiti fata ... do ṡítta (i.e. flags) limp (?) CCath. 4929 . ¤chos f. weak leg: fannchosa fiara ... faoi (of a worn-out horse), TSh. 2559 . ¤chosc checking gently: ic fannchosc slóg ra síd seng, Ériu iv 96.2 . ¤éirge? ní fand-éirge dar samlaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.11 . ¤fáistine? fiugair na fand-ḟaisdini more, BB 431a39 (= fírfastini LL 230b7 ). ¤gáeth a weak wind, breeze: fidren na fanngaithi, CCath. 5437 . ¤ires feeble faith: faindires ┐ cunntabairt PH 6736 . ¤lige prostration, prostrate lying: i fannligib fola, LL 240a25 ( TTr. 1734 ). ¤ócláech weak (faint-hearted?) warrior: see under fannach. ¤slat weak stem: ar fandṡlataibh foithremla fidbaidi, MR 238.3 . With adj.: ¤chlechtach in limp folds or pleats: inar f., Acall. 5922.470n . folt fainnchlechtach, Fianaig. 58z . ¤chr(a)idech faint-hearted: aos fanncraidec nocurfedh for faenscur (of ghostly sounds) RC xiii 6.8 . gealtán fanncraidech, MR 174.15 . ¤eitech weak-winged: fannitech, O'Mulc. 490 (see fannall). ¤scaílte dispersed, spread in weakness ; of clouds: fraisnella fannscailti `weak, scattered shower-clouds' CCath. 4421 . Of flags: fannbreiti fannscailti, 4929 . Cf. fainnseól.

See fanntaise.

foaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foaid or dil.ie/22348
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: foí, fáe, foad, foíedh, foaid, foíd, foid, faid, —foí, foas, fooit, —foat, —faat, —faeat, foite, foíed, ḟoad, —fia, ḟaeem, foet, foat, foíed, ḟoad, fífatsa, fífitsa, —fifea, faíbea, —fifa, fiba, fibas, —[ḟ]ifamni, faifemni, fíbaid, fibait, forsarroa, forsaroae, fiu, rofiu, fíu, fíu, femmir, —febair, —féotár, —feótár, —oetar, feótar, faitar, fáit, fáitche, faithche, faít, faíter, fibthair, fíibthir, foí-, faí-, fóe-, fáe-, fáei-, faíd(h)-, foíd(h)-, faoidh-, foided, fotaeth, faíidh, faidid, -faienn, foidis, faíear, -faíear, -faier, -faidiur, bhḟaie, faetis, faethidis, faifet, -sa, faífead, -faíeab, -fúiiubh, -faidiubh, fáefes, confóefet, -faifedh, -faichfedh, fói, fais, fuidis, fuidhis, faidis, faoídhis, ḟói, foí, fai, fae, rofoe, ḟaéi, ḟaoi, ḟáiset, ḟaietar, ḟáeidur, faidetar, fessatar, foaid, fói

v earlier forms: imperat. 2 s. foí, LL 290a42 . 274b6 . fáe, TBC-LL¹ 4561 . 3 s. foad, LL 260b19 . foíedh, IT iii 322.5 . ind. pres. 3 s. foaid, Hy ii 31 (foid v.l.). foíd, LU 3878 . foid ZCP viii 310.25 . faid, TBC-I¹ 2918 . YBL 116b21 . —foí LU 6929 ( BDD 54 ). rel. foas, Corm. Y 795 . Laws i 160.27 Comm. 3 pl. fooit, Rawl. 122by . —foat, Rawl. 118b16 . —faat, Otia i 125 § 16 . Anecd. i 58 § 67 . —faeat, Laws iv 102.22 . rel. foite, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 179 (< H 3.18, 67 c. 3 ). imperf. 3 s. no foíed , LU 10607 ( CCC 6 ). no ḟoad , LL 286b44 . subj. pres. 2 s. co ro ḟoasu, LL 274b8 . nir faei, BDD 16 (ni roi D). 3 s. —fia, BCrólige § 44 . Cf. dia fia for feis feissi, O'Dav. 879 . 1 pl. co ro ḟaeem , LU 1558 . 3 pl. (?) co foet , Laws i 192.27 . Cf. foat, ZCP viii 196 § 20 . past 3 s. ná foíed , LU 8023 . no ḟoad , LL 260a14 . fut. 1 s. fífatsa, LU 6312 . fífitsa, IT iii 322.6 . 3 s. —fifea (a added after first f) YBL 116b20 ; 21 ( IT ii 180x ) = faíbea, IT iii 46x . —fifa, Rawl. 82a22 . Cf. fiba, Ériu ii 3.6 . YBL 124b14 . rel. fibas IT ii 180.179 . 1 pl. —[ḟ]ifamni, LL 274b7 = faifemni, Mór M. 2 ( PRIA xxxvi C 263 ). 2 pl. cf. fíbaid, LL 251b24 . 3 pl. fibait, 116b5 . pret. and perf. 2 s. forsarroa, Ériu ii 224.3 = forsaroae, Mon. Tall. 67 . 3 s. fiu, Trip. 156.19 ( fíu, 1825 ); 174.6 ( fíu, 2025 ). ZCP viii 564.7 . rofiu, Trip. 182.21 ( ro fíu , 2143 ). ocár fíu , LU 5825 . 1 pl. femmir, LU 10242 . 2 pl. —febair ib. 3 pl. —féotár, LU 4686 . 5362 . —feótár, 5378 (= —oetar, TBC-I¹ 902 ) - LU 5388 . feótar, 8919 (H). —foitar, TBC-LL¹ 1552 . co faitar , 389 (cf. co fáit , with bar over -t, LL 95a6 ; 11 where TBC-LL¹ 4927 ; 4932 reads fáitche [ = faithche] and Father Paul Walsh, Ir. Eccles. Rec. 1913, 187n . would read faít or faíter. Probably pret. 3 pl. is intended). pass. fut. fibthair, LL 275a42 . fíibthir, ZCP viii 565.9 . Vn. 2 feis(s) (fess) q.v.

During the Mid. Ir. period the stem is variously written foí-, faí-, fóe-, fáe-, fáei-, later faíd(h)-, foíd(h)-, faoidh-. Imperat. 3 s. foided, BB 402b19 = fotaeth, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 72 ( Lec. 256va48 ). pres. 3 s. faíidh, Marco P. 23 . faidid RC xi 42.8 . -faienn, Marco P. 67 . rel. foidis, ZCP iii 261 § 89 . subj. pres. 1 s. faíear, IGT III § 33 . -faíear ib. -faier, RC xliii 22 § 21 . -faidiur, RC xiii 58.10 (Lec.). 3 s. dia bhḟaie , Marco P. 106 . subj. past 3 pl. noco faetis , TTebe 2648 = faethidis, Eg. fut. 1 s. faifet -sa, RC xliii 74.1 . faífead, -faíeab IGT III § 33 . -fúiiubh sa, ACL iii 309.17 . -faidiubh sa TBC-LL¹ 4483 St. (-faidheabhsa v.l.). 3 s. rel. fáefes, LU 10481 (H). 3 pl. cf. confóefet, 9840 (see con-foí). sec. fut. 3 s. -faifedh, ACL iii 309.30 . -faichfedh (= faidh-), Ériu iv 176 § 12 . pret. and perf. 3 s. fói, ZCP viii 309.8 . fais, LU 3513 (H). faeiss, TBC-LL¹ 4565 . fuidis, RC v 198 § 4 . fuidhis IT iii 322.7 . faidis, Irish Texts i 56 § 17 . faoídhis AFM v 1760.5 . ro ḟói , Trip. 146.1 (= ro foí , 1687 ). ro fai , TBC-I¹ 2427 . ro fae , Rawl. 148a32 . rofoe, 126b27 . ro ḟaéi , CCath. 1408 . ro ḟaoi , AFM ii 1104.1 . 3 pl. ro ḟáiset , Acall. 667 . ro ḟaietar , 820 . ro ḟáeidur , 7841 . faidetar , RC v 204.5 . For pret. fessatar, etc., see fes(s)id. faoidh for leic .i. do chodladh ar leic, O'Cl., is a gloss on foaid, Hy ii 31 , cited above. Vn. 2 feis(s), later faíechtain, q.v.

(a) spends the night (in a place; with a person), distinguished from con-tuili `sleeps' (physical act), see Thurneysen, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 55 : fíu aidchi ic Druim U., Trip. 184.15 (2164) . fíbait i nEmain dadaig, LL 116b5 . fíu ... hi tig in righ L. ind aidchi genair Corc, Anecd. iii 57 . fói hi tig Treth, ZCP viii 309.8 (pret.). clasa rath la Cormac conid inte nofoihedsom do gres ar niba hada rī co n-anim do ḟeis i Temraig, Rawl. 131b36 . luid L. ... co Temraig ... ┐ fais hi Temraig ind aidchi sin, LU 3513 ( SCC 27 ). fer anechtair foas aen aidchidh lat, Laws i 160.27 Comm. faidhis Caillin la Fagartach in oidchi sin, Fen. 178.9 . fáifidh a lepaid Mobí, BColm. 82.1 . Of an army or a person halting for the night: ro sagat trá co feótár i n Drúim Ḟ., LU 5581 . co foitar cethri ollchoiceda hErend ir-Réde L. ... ┐ co ragbatar dunad and inn aidchi sin, TBC-LL¹ 1552 . cach áth ... ocár fíu [Medb], LU 5825 . See also under (d) below. Of animals: i fail i faeat na muca isin n-aidchi, Laws iv 102.22 Comm. cf. teora ferba fira ... co foetar aidchi Fertai `three white cows ... they lay down a night at F.' i 64.2 . bale i faat (: a-taat they are) Anecd. i 58 (of cattle). nosfáidi P. [sc. na euchu] ... co féotar ina dísiurt la M., Trip. 242.2 (2853) (cf. under 2 feis, d).

(b) often of cohabitation, with LA (seldom FRI): intí fáefes lia mnaí, LU 10481 = foidis, ZCP iii 261 § 89 . foid ind ingen in lásin lais, ZCP viii 310.25 . nochan faidiubh-sa le fer, | noco faídhi m'fer le mnái, TBC-LL¹ 4483 St. ni fetar cia lasa fifea Etan, IT ii 180.186 = cía fer risa fóefea, IT iii 19 § 52 (re faitfea BB). cindus fibas Cu Chulaind?, IT ii 180.179 . ben lasambi cuma cip cia las fia, BCrólige § 44 . o ro gradaigh Telamon Esiona d'ai [ = d'ḟai] si leis, BB 420b44 . ní ar uaisli ... fhaidit la a seitchib `they choose their wives, not for nobility' Marco P. 44 . atrubairt si nā faifedh fri Tipraite isin cill tuaiscertaig, ACL iii 309.30 . na fir risi faeidfidis na hingeana sin `whom those maidens would wed' TTebe 340 . iet céd-fhir ... faiset fri mnaib, Leb. Gab.(i) i 18 . Absol: fíbaid ... dadaig ┐ Finndabair thou shalt mate with F. LL 251b24 ( TBFr. § 24 ). cen co foam ... mise ┐ tú, Metr. Dinds. iv 228.25 . ro ḟaietar in lánamain sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 820 . co ro ḟaier-sa lat ... er laimh ┐ ar leabaidh, RC xliii 22 § 21 . Fig.: limm-sa fóit na haird-ríg | is mé ... flathius Alban is Hérend, Metr. Dinds. iv 142 - 126 . a dhrúichtinnsi lear fhaoi Art whom A. espoused Gadelica i 12 § 14 . Cf. tan ro[ḟ]ois lem, a bē, ZCP vi 266 § 2 . ro[f]ois re ceathrur iar sein, § 5 .

(c) in wider sense stays, abides, sojourns: luid R. co tech a comalta ┐ fái lais .vii. mbliadna, Dinds. 5 . ni fuil slan leo co foet dechmadh [in] ala crich till they spend ten days Laws i 192.27 Comm. Fig.: na sluaig fooit i nhūir who rest in the clay (= are buried) Rawl. 122b54 ( Bruchst. i § 132 ). caine dind dem i foat, Rawl. 118b16 ( Hail Brigit 9 ; cf. Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.6 ). táncatar séd isan domhuin, | ba ferr foät better were they to remain hidden (?) ZCP viii 196 § 20 . faidhfit do scela shall be forgotten Cog. 92.10 . Cf. forcaomhnacair talamchumhscugud isind aoir faietar neoill etarbuasach uaistib din buiresc- rubertsat for alaili ZCP viii 104.13 . With acc.: cid dofuci? or A. coroḟaeem celidi latsu to stay on a visit with thee LU 1558 (= co ro anam c., IT ii2 209 § 2 ).

(d) watches through the night (Thurneysen, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 54 - 5 ): cotailsiu ... co cend teóra láa ┐ teóra n-aidchi ┐ fífatsa forsna slógaib in n-airet sin, LU 6312 = firbatsa, TBC-LL¹ 2468 . Cf. oinfer fibu (fiba, fiaba v.l.) iarum ailib feis iteir catha cuim, Ériu ii 3.9 (with gl.: oinfer nomairbhfe). fiba fess (feis v.l.) moch mairb will watch the early watch of the dead (?) ib. 6 . luid Cu Culaind ┐ fiu forfes Fer Falchae ┐ selaig firu Faal huli, ZCP viii 564.7 . fer fiu fert ar gaili gnim ib. 18 . fíibthir (fibithir v.l.) Falchae feis (fes v.l.), 565.9 . Cf. cathas ... .i. feis foite ind oig ina cathgreim co matain, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 179 (< H 3.18, 67 ). = Corm. Y 245 .

fognam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fognam or dil.ie/22777

Forms: fognamo, fognama, fognama, foghnamh, oghnamh, -namha, -naimh, -anta, f., foghnamha, fógnuma

n u, m. (vn. of fo-gní). g s. fognamo, Wb. 3d14 . in fognama , 22b21 . fognama, 3c11 . Ml. 84c12 . foghnamh oghnamh (g s. n p. -namha, -naimh, -anta) IGT. Decl. § 47 . As vn. ib. Verbs § 44 .

(a) serving, rendering service , absol. or with DO of pers. is hae inso in f.¤ don choimdid (gl. orationi instate) Wb. 27c18 . f.¤ do idlaib, 19d11 . lóg ... á fognama hirobatar pay for the (lit. their) servitude in which they had been Ml. 84c12 . ar léciud ... asind f.¤ hi robammar servitude Ml. 105b16 . luid F. ... ┐ beir (leg. birt?) a cumal lais i f.¤ , Laws i 70.24 . bai ... do dhichracht in fhoghnuma i mbai P. co toimniuth cech ae ... cumad do a oenar foighneth, Lism. L. 143 . cach faesom co fognom, ACL iii 227.54 . ni fil acht aeneclas ... ag fognum (nó adhradh) do Dhia, Marco P. 141 . ag foghnamh don Dúileamh, TSh. 460 . ní roibh acht aenberla ag foghnum do chach the one language was used by all BB 17b28 . co nderna logh secht cumhall do foghnumh till he perform service of the value of seven cumals Laws iv 250.6 Comm. With gen.: sē la d'fógnam na collai, in t-én lá don ... animm, PH 7369 . o ḟognam in forbaind rechtaide ... o ḟógnum hídal, 4566 . im na hocht mballa bis ac f.¤ in muilind `which are necessary to the mill' (viz water, millrace, shaft, etc.) Laws i 140.13 Comm. Of feudal service: asbert S. ... nach beth fo chis, na fa ḟoghnam do righ talmhan, Lism. L. 2115 . boí F. oc dīlgend na n-aithech ┐ aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65 § 16 . ma beith fognum diib do ḟlaithib co nómad naó, Críth G. 326 ( Laws iv 320 ). dianom soertha don fhognamh ica tu don righ were I delivered from my bondage to the King Lism. L. 1539 . do-bertar ratha ... im bithḟoghnom dóibh dia réir féin, ZCP xi 64 § 13 (= um beith fodhnamach doib etc. RC xx 339 ). conattig forru Cairpre ... f.¤ Temrach to do service to T. (the S. due to T.?) Metr. Dinds. iii 440y (= oghnamh, BB 30b1 . daerfoghnomh, Dinds. 78 ). in cutruma sin do ḟerond occaib cen tech cen trebad fair ┐ cen f.¤ tellaich Temrach, Ériu iv 124 . With subj. gen.: tri f.¤ inna mball ... doib Wb. 12b3 . la Colmán ó sin alle f.¤ an bale sin ar is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí mina tarttatt a rér do Cholmán, BColm. 78.14 . foghnam fuidhri no daorceile uathaibh re re na foglama `the service of a f. or a d. is due from them during the term of the learning' (of apprentices) Laws iv 236.20 . m'fhoghnamh nach cóir do chomaoidhimh `that I must not boast of my merit' PBocht 6 § 17 . do-gní f.¤ do serves: dogenat f.¤ dam, MacCarthy 44.23 = fomgnífet, SR 852 . lé foghnamh do dhéanamh do Dhia, TSh. 1130 . gen. as attrib.: fer foghnamha , Ériu xiii 16.12 . luag fir fognuma an attendant Laws i 110.9 . mad fer fognama (.i. mad he in fer do ne in foghnum im bith for bantincar), Laws ii 390z (392.6) = Stud. in E. Ir. Law 57 . is uaidib ... roḟas daerchis fodnoma for saerchlandaib hEreand, Lec. Facs. 185vb9 = BB 255a29 (fognuma). capul fognuma ┐ ech immrimme, Laws iv 308.22 ( Críth G. 158 ). (cf. capul itir foghnum ┐ imrim, Laws iv 304.12 , Críth G. 91 ). fine fognama (.i. daorceile ┐ saorcheile), Laws v 318.2 . la himed...lochta ind fognuma labourers TTr.² 600 . etaig fognama ... domelar cach dia `working dress' (dress of use, everyday clothes) Laws v 398.1 . don mainistir ... cona fearonnaibh foghnamha `glebe-lands' AFM vi 2148.15 . pl. at cotarsnai na fógnuma do dís (i.e. no man can serve two masters) PH 711 . ni hiat a fognumha bis forro functions (of Ogham letters) BB 301a27 .

(b) later often use, utility, profit (with AR of thing. Cf. feidm): ni bí fognum er ni da ṅdentar cen fúndamit fái PH 7816 . nach fuil fodnum agud orm that I am of no use to thee ZCP vi 55.20 . ni fhuil foghnamh orm at egmais = sine te nihil sum ... nihil possum Instructio 226.20 . ní bhia fóghnamh ar an absolóid absolution will be of no avail Mac Aingil 376 . an mbī foghnamh ar an bposadh? is the marriage valid? Luc. Fid. 140.14 . do cuiredh a ndergár innus nach roibhe foghnam orra o shin alé, L. Chl. S. § 13 . co mbetha gan foghnamh ort no ar beacan foghanta = pro nihilo aut minimo reputari Instructio 224.14 . (cf. mod. ar foghnamh of use, in health, thriving ).

Load More Results