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1 cacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cacht or dil.ie/7531
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -a

n g s. -a.

(a) person in bondage, slave : admider de .uii. cachta cichside crissa, secht moda mogu (sic) fíthe mórgníma moghsaine I adjudge therefor seven slaves which girdles will encircle(?) (judgement of Sencha), O'D. 2204 (Nero A vii, 141b), cf. c.¤ .i. cumal nó innillt, ut est secht cachta cichsite crissu, O'Dav. 345 . admiudur de secht cactu (.vii. cumala, LB) cichsite crísu, Corm. Bodl. 16 (s.v. mann). c.¤ .i. cumal .i. bantraill , O'Mulc. 265 . c.¤ .i. cumhal, O'Cl.

(b) bond, fetter; bondage, captivity, confinement : manimthair c.¤ na cumrech, SR 1280 . di ócbáe . . . / alloeg fo gaile cachta, 5427 . dosrat fo chrúach cachta, 6739 . fofuctha i cachtaib co cían / is in carcair co Iosíaph, 3264 . Petar fo ch.¤ cuibrig, Gorm. 1 . mo máthair do brith a c.¤ , Ériu iv 98.2 . is comus cachta berar [for] uisque hi tirib Gréc `power of impounding', Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). rogabta i cact they were taken prisoners, AU i 336.11 . Of sieges: rogabadh c.¤ foraib i mMaen Chonain they were besieged, AU i 374.13 . slogad la D. . . . do ch.¤ for Gallu Atha Cliath `to besiege', 458.4 . ar a n-gabtis c.¤ dicein fris in longport, 434.20 . ? Of impounding cattle: [g]aibiut baetha cachta indliged, Laws ii 76.19 . ? Of obligatory service: ni dleaghar . . . cáin na c.¤ , Leb. Cert. 124.16 . ? is indligthech do rig na tecmalla dail cachta do indechad in uilc, H 3.18, 249.13 . Note also: fo chléire cachta, SR 5991 . cléir chachta `band of bondmen', Metr. Dinds. iii 158.17 .

(c) In fig. and extended uses. Duress, hardship; asceticism : da raibh i ngalur no i c.¤ , Ériu xix 8 § 9 . dogné túaslucud cachtae (cachta MS.) `practise deliverance from bondage' (rule for holy life), Ériu i 198.5 . robu inmuin c.¤ (of the religious life), 138.13 . fiad na slógaib i sír-ch.¤ `trance', Metr. Dinds. iii 224.14 . Esp. of fasting : iar sirc.¤ in chorgis `after the long privations of Lent', Mon. Tall. 156.6 (§ 68) . iar mbuaid cravaidh is cacta, Ériu xix 12 § 4 . c.¤ .i. trosgadh, O'Cl. c.¤ .i. gorta, Lec. Gl. 291 . Stowe Gl. 267 .

Constraint, compulsion (almost equivalent to gess, Plummer MS. notes): ro gaib Fuaimnech . . . c.¤ for rigraid Teamrach cin digh cin biadh . . . co ro ícdais i dalta fria, O'Curry 2361 ( Eg. 88, 28 (29)a ). c.¤ do gabail for rigraid Erann, 2363 (ib.).

Of the body (regarded as a prison after the fall): lecid mo chorp . . . / inna ch.¤ cen chumscu[gu]d, SR 2058 . Perh. also nocon alaind mar atai / cid ardotralaid hi c.¤ ? 1307 . luid . . . asa ch.¤ (of the death of Colum C.), LU 653 . a alt a olcc / a ch.¤ a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . mo brig brig ro scaich a c.¤ , YBL 316b19 . Note also: Lugaid . . . / rocrīch a c.¤ / fo gné glaine . . . his life, ZCP xii 379.21 .

(d) Various: ós Charmun c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 8.87 . ro cuiread in cath go c.¤ , Todd Nenn. lxix 23 ( BB 43b11 ). Cf. c.¤ common, general ; fa c.¤ generally , O'R.

Common in chevilles: a Christ cen ch.¤ , ZCP i 497.9 . rotfīa mo chen-sa cin c.¤ , vi 266 § 7 . búaid cen ch.¤ , LU 3753 ( SCC 54 ). bad adba chaingen can ch.¤ , SG 366.29 . Críst . . . mór da c.¤ , BS 32 . deoda in c.¤ , Fél. xxv § 7 . cialla c.¤ , SR 2335 . caṅgnib gleraib, gloraib c.¤ , 4569 . fo chucht c.¤ , 6169 . cuairt c.¤ , 6551 .

As n. pr. C.¤ mac Ilguine, ZCP viii 217 § 6 .

In n. loc. rí Cairn Chachta, LL 24089 .

Compd. cēsud do c[h]uirp c[h]achtbāin pale from bondage, ZCP viii 232 § 3 .

1 cumal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cumal or dil.ie/13806
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cumaile, cumle, cumail, cumhal, comhail

n ā, f. g s. us. cumaile; cumle, Ériu iii 135.3 . a p. cumail (= handmaids), Gen. xxxiii 2 . cumhal (ó thrí cíallaibh) f., IGT Decl. § 12 . comhail (n du.), Eochairsg. 86.35 .

(a) female slave, bondwoman; later woman-in-waiting; servant, maid: c.¤ .i. cum mola .i. ben bīs fri bleith mbrōn, ar is ē mod frisa mbītis cumala dōera riasíu dorōntais muilind, Corm. Y 324 . cacht .i. c.¤ .i. bantraill , O'Mulc. 265 . cumala caínógat a ngnímu, Críth G. 485 . bla cumaile lec ┐ losat, Laws iii 274.18 . mug, c.¤ cimid (in list of seven things incapable of being given in fief), v 222.2 . do dechaidh co a cumhula, Blathm. 213 . da chumail, ┐ ocht ndoerammuis, RC xx 140.29 (ACC). hi foxal do moga, do chumaile, O'D. 73 ( H 3.17, 63 ). atconnairc c.¤ ele he (i.e. Peter), PH 3183 . cumhal Chríost (of Mary at annunciation), PBocht 9.2 . mac do chumhaile, Exodus xxiii 12 . ro ghabh a heirred cumuili, Caithr. CC 29 . co[n]a comail coimidechta maid-in-waiting , RC vi 184.21 . bert D. . . . Brigit dia reicc . . . do cumail fognuma, Vita Br. 13 .

(b) Name of a variable unit of value; generally fixed at three milch cows (see Thurn., ZCP xiv 341 ; Críth G. pp. 81 - 2 ) or equivalent to thirty-five acres of land Ériu xlix 27 , xxii 84 n. 10 , but note the follg. variations: teora cumala . . . .i. secht mba in gach c.¤ dib, O'Curry 1829 ( 23 Q 6, 47 b ). c.¤ sé mbó ┐ leth eneclainne isin crolighe cumaile, ┐ is í in c.¤ smachta metha ┐ c.¤ techtaighthe, O'D. 833 ( H 3.17, 595 ). c.¤ fichi(t) seoit . . . Leth-cumul, dech seoit, ZCP xiv 368.10 - 11 . cutruma c.¤ cana Padraicc ┐ c.¤ cana Cormaic . . . uair ni fuil isin c.¤ is mo acud acht ocht mba . . . c.¤ eladnach hí . . . .i. c.¤ do thabairt ar boin ar fichit, O'Curry 577 - 8 ( H 3.18, 278 ). bo ar fichit . . . do lulacubh, cunute sin secht cumulu urruduis, Laws ii 134.15 Comm. is mó c.¤ cana no c.¤ urraduis, Cóic Con. 50 § 97 H. an c.¤ sin is ar cethraime .vii. cumala ata, O'Curry 2577 ( Eg. 88, (49)d ) (of c.¤ aintestais. See aintestas). c.¤ ocht mba smacht nemdénma in gairi, O'D. 934 ( H 3.17, 658c ). is for cumail deich set conamas in c.¤ sin la Feine, Laws v 400.23 - 24 . cumala beca dibside, di uingi go le[th] cach cumaile, acht aon ch.¤ tri nuinge, O'Curry 962 ( H 3.18, 415 ). tucsad sgreball cumaili gacha tuaithi . . . .i. tri ba, Irish Texts iii 4.31 . Cf. ech c.¤ x. set . . . ech c.¤ trichat set horse worth 10 séts, Laws v 414.22 , 24 .

(c) Less specifically: ríthæ intech sin fri C. . . . ar chumil n-arggit, Thes. ii 240.2 (Ardm.). tri .vii. c.¤ , LU 5589 (TBC). ocht cumala a eneclann (of a `rí buiden'), Críth G. 469 . ba gabálta i cumail é (of ram) `the equivalent of a c.', TBC-LL² 63 . carpat trí secht c.¤ , 97 . in cocholl . . . / cemad fhiū trī secht c.¤ , MacCongl. 111.4 . carpat cethre cumala (sic), TFrag. 44.14 . .uii. cumala . . . .i. colg déd ┐ eó-ch.¤ (.i. dealg) ┐ sgíath-ch.¤ ┐ cris-ch.¤ ┐ brat-ch.¤ etc. `c.¤ of brooches, a c. of shields', Ériu xvi 67.113 - 5 . .x. cumala bana .i. di argat nó findruine, ii 4.10 . forgu cumaile c.¤ airgit, O'Curry 578 ( H 3.18, 287 ). de chumalaibh airggididibaon dan .i. ni thed na aill inn acht airgget, 472 ( 247 ). caéca eoch n-ændátha . . . a carbad cumhaile, ZCP xiii 175.19 . Cf. .uii. ancellas redere, Trip.² 2495 . See 3 airer, etc.), crólige, máithre, senorba, 1 tír.

(d) In wider sense of fine, mulct, compensation : c.¤ .i. éraic, O' Lec. Gl. 372 . M 186 . dia do chumail am chinaid `as sufficient fine for my offence', Metr. Dinds. iii 62.106 . cia file ar ccumhaluibh dlighidh?, Ériu xiii 18.4 . go ceithre sédoibh a cumhuile curp, 22.28 . do chuinghidh a cana ┐ a chumhaile, RC xliii 44.20 . c.¤ cís ┐ cáin, Leb. Cert.² 1644 . d'iarraidh chumail[e] Airt, RC xliii 26.7 . is greim cumaile pennaiti gabas a cur for muir no dul go eclais, O'Curry 2251 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)c ). c.¤ .v. seoit x, 246 ( H 3.18, 141 ). icfad sí cumalo a mac ro marbadh, Ériu viii 175.4 . c.¤ inn o Fh., RC xliii 14.11 . ic iarair na c.¤ i ndiguin a brathar, RC xx 140.24 (ACC). asrenar c.¤ cana cach fecht `a cumal prescribed by law(?)', O'Dav. 744 . créacht gan chumhail `a wound entailing no fine', Aithd. D. 74.4 .

In prep. phr. i cumail, i cumalaib in recompense for, as penalty for: uinnsiu . . . hi c.¤ do céile cōeca sleg, ZCP xiii 175.24 . ná sir cert a cumhail deilgi, IGT Decl. ex. 1237 . ro iarr si umla fort-sa a cumail in gníma sin, Grail 2232 . a gcumhoil ó othar fhuair / a thochmharc le tuloigh mBriain, O'Hara 2575 . co tuc da .xx. déc bó . . . i cumalaib meic C., Ann. Inisf. 246.4 .

2 darba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 darba or dil.ie/14646
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: darba, dærba

n a bondwoman , syn. cumal. darba .i. cumal .i. bantraill , H 3.18, p. 68 c . = darb .i. cumul .i. bantraill , CIH ii 612.10 . darba .i. imat .i. cumal amail atberr a Cáin techta bered darba mucha anfis .i. cumal ó chách tar éisi, O'Dav. 629 . rohír dam...deich ndairbé, Amra Conrói, Ériu ii 3. 8 (H 3. 18 gl. .i. bancumala; darba YBL. ndarba, Eg. 88). atgaith dom...deich ndærba, ib. 4. 7 (H 3. 18 gl. cumala; v.l. ndarba, Eg. darba YBL). The deich narba, H 3.18 , p. 651 (gl. .i. deich cumala) stands for deich ndarba and the glossator's arba .i. cumal is a vox nihili.

All these forms seem to originate from an old compound dáir-bé, dáir-bae, dáir-ba (cf. dermár: dermair). It is hardly necessary with Stokes, Ériu ii 9 , to assume two etymologically different words dáir-be and darba (Stokes' darb, Ériu l.c., RC xxvii 88 , is an imaginary sg. to darba, H 3. 18 reads darba); for `darba' may be ascribed to the attempt of the grammarians to bring the no longer understood `dairba' (i.e. daorbha) into accordance with the rule `leathan la leathan.' That dáir-bé, as might be suggested, is only an etymologizing transformation of darba is strongly contradicted by the writing dærba, Amra Conrói H 3. 18 .

tráill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tráill or dil.ie/41584

 

n (Germanic loanwd. Cf. O. Norse praéll, Engl. thrall) slave: traill a nomine trulla .i. lossat .i. ar dóire a fognama, Corm. Y 1249 , `a thrall a nomine trulla i.e. a kneading trough i.e. for the slavishness of its service,' Corm. Tr. 162 . Misunderstood by O'Cl. in: traill .i. losad. ┐ on focal so trullo a dubhradh. Hence `kneading-trough ,' O'R., Dinneen . puttrall .i. fait-trall .i. faitbed do traillib hi, Corm. Tr. 138 . Cf. cacht .i. cumal .i. bantraill , O'Mulc. 265 . traill odur ulchach areachtra, IT iii 86 § 88 . a thraaill, RC xxi 312.6 . an cú sebhrach nó an t.¤ tú, IGT Decl. ex. 2091 . tidlacad troch | tugadh on t.¤ , Irish Texts i 27 § 17.