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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis , Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

airlam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlam or dil.ie/2167

adj o, ā (*air-fo-lam). See GOI p. 497 and Vendr. Lex. urlamh .i. ésgaidh no ullamh, O'Cl.

(a) Of persons ready, prepared, willing, etc. (to do something ): am irlam gl. promptus sum, Wb. 1b9 . is erlam gl. paratus est, Ml. 29d11 . With gen.: irlam techte martre, Wb. 13c8 . urlamh oidhidh, Dán Dé xiv 2 . With prepp.: is irlam ind anim do thuil dée `the soul is ready to [do] God's will', Wb. 5c18 . combad aurlam cách dia bathis , 8a4 . airlama do denum uilcc, 3d12 . ammi irlaim . . . do dul martre, 4b21 . robtar irlim do thecht martre, 7b5 . urlam do rath prompt at bestowing, LU 3398 ( SCC § 17 ). aurlam fri firecrat, 3851 ( SCC § 38 ). comtis irluma fri crábud, LB 144b34 . am erlum-sa letsu `I am ready [to go] with you', BNnÉ 304 § 16 . mata morsodethbir agutsa bidam urlum-sa lat, CCath. 3348 .

In phrase is a.¤ la is ready: ba erlam leo techt they were ready to go, BB 497a25 . urlam leis ac Luigeach Lis he is ready at Lis L., Cog. 120.19 . in tan . . . bus urlum lat docum na Trae, BB 418a51 . as errlam leam sin I am ready for that (i.e. to do it), Lism. L. 1015 . Perh. also: dáib gér orlam aimréide though they might be on the point of falling out(?), O'Gr. Cat. 354.24 .

(b) Of things ready, prepared (for use): it digla erlama lesom do neuch inna dualchi do denum, Ml. 18c6 . erlamae gl. opportunae (raptoribus), 110b3 . promptum est .i. is aurlam, Enchir. Aug. 74a ( ZCP vii 481 ). i n-óenló ra fúaprait ┐ i n-óenló rapsat irlama, MU² 150 . os aurlam if it is fully prepared (of wool), Laws ii 370.4 Comm. biad . . . isé urlamh, 202.8 Comm. im denum liacc bron .i. is i cet ceptha . . . si cet urlum . . . si lan urlum roughly finished . . . fully finished(?), i 188.23 Comm. 'na aicdib urluma finished products (of articles made from metal), z Comm. gním erlam, Metr. Dinds. iii 260.24 . cor iarfaig in ba herlam in essair, Three Hom. 120.18 . batar a n-eich urlama inimtechta occo ready for departure, CCath. 4917 . comad erlam fria thaispenad, Fél.² vi 40 . an síoth an uair do b'urlamh, DDána 48.14 . gidh bé lá cheannghar an chairt / earlamh atá dá tabhairt, Dán Dé xiv 17

. (c) In more general sense of ready, prompt, swift, skilful: ba herlam ic tuaslucad cest, RC ii 402.1 . d'ollamh orlaumh, ZCP xii 295.29 . mná áille urrlamha, xiii 167.13 . ro seol . . . o imrum urlum urmaisnech, Aen. 208 . ecnaidh urrlamh irisech, SG 32.10 . sebhac urlamh, O'Gr. Cat. 510.11 . hi ccath erlamh Almhaine, AFM i 316.9 .

Gramm. a preceding word used to indicate gender of a follg. one: a tri urluimi indsce .i. hic h[a]ec hoc .i. ise isi ised `leading words', Auraic. 524 ( = a tri herlanna, 3026 YBL). (The form urluime, Auraic. 524 , if genuine, belongs rather to airlaime).

Equative: is erlamaidir sin `even so ready to hand', Ml. 36c21 . Compar.: armbad irlamu de don buáith, Wb. 11a7 . lōech budh urrlaime nā Frōech, ZCP xiii 167.25 .

aithgeinemain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithgeinemain or dil.ie/2657

n f. = aithgein (a): iarsin athgene[m]ain . . . frith isin bathis regeneration, LB 257b70 . annsa naithgheineamhuin, Matthew xix 28 . tre ionnlad na haithghineamhna, Titus iii 5 .

baithis, baithes, bathais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baithis, baithes, bathais or dil.ie/5268
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: baithis, batis, baitse, baiste, bhaistte, baithius, bathais, baithes, bathais, baithis, baithis, baithes, baitsi, baithis

n m. and f. (Lat. baptisma, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 220 ) a s. baithis, Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). g s. batis, LU 2998 (H). baitsi, Trip.² 76. baitse, Ériu xx 160.7 . na baiste , Trip.² 97. in bhaistte , Lism. L. 2835. d s. baithius, Wb. 12c39 . bathais, Blathm. 170. baithes m., IGT Decl. § 38 (87.20) . bathais baithis f., § 150 .

(a) baptism; the order of baptism, the baptismal rite; in looser sense, faith, creed: cerudglanta (leg. -glante ? edd.) tri bathis , Wb. 4a6 . tre baithis, 14c19 . tris in iris fosissetar i mbathis, Tur. 43. husce . . . asa ndénad in bathis , Trip.² 91. ro erlég in mbathais, 94 . baithes Pátraic faith, religion, Fél. Apr. 5. bathes már Maicc Maire, Jan. 6 (bathais, baithis, baithes, v.ll.). Pól i mbathis brethae, 25 . tria muir na baisti ┐ na der[g]martra, BColm. 104.22 . baithes ┐ comna, Laws iii 32.30 . o baithiss by baptism (a name), LL 371c3 . ro tréigsiot . . . a mbaithis Críostaídhachta, TFrag. 126.19 . téit fo baithis is baptised, is named: intain diagmani fo baithis, Wb. 3a15 . Tur. 55. ceni teisi fo bhathais `though he had not been given a name', Blathm. 668 (MS). Cf. in drema bui cen baitssed riam . . . tancutar chuice fo bathis , PH 247. do-beir baithis (do) baptises: ar ba Patric dubert baithis du Ch., Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). Cf. nī mad tardad baithis tonn / tairthī caithis ind-úairib, ZCP xii 296 § 4.

Attrib. g s. Pátraic . . . athair baitsi ┐ creitme fer nErenn, Trip.² 76. mo c[h]enn battsi, BColm. 82.28 . Eoin baitsi John the Baptist, Lism. L. 3325. Eoin Baisde (: gaisde), Dán Dé xiii 7 . IGT Introd. 14.29 . comus ṗingni baisdi baptism fee, Hy Maine 78.7 . bond baistte (a tribute payable to clergy), BNnÉ 265 § 230 . screaball baithis Pádraig, Keat. iii 377.

As quasi-vn. oc baithis na hi Brigti, Vita Br. 2. a mbai Patraic oc bathis Lugne, Trip.² 827.

Of a heathen rite: gur chansat an mbaithis ngeintlidhe, Cóir Anm. 251 (p. 392.29) . atbert in drui triasin ṁbaithis . . ., ZCP ii 134 § 5.

(b) By association crown of the head: mullach cinn .i. a baites, Bretha § 2A . ó mullach mo baisti / go hingin mo coisi, Laud 615, 55 (cited Contribb. 187 ). o bathis coa bunn, LL 30592. o bhonn go bháthais, TBC-LL¹ p. 369 n. 5 (H, Eg.) = o mullach co talmain, text. in baithis gl. uerticem, Gild. Lor. 248. in baithes gl. cephale, 83 . benais a bricín da baithis ┐ sgáilis a folt, Fianaig. 72.30 . robuail builli . . . a mbathais an doirrseora, ZCP vi 276.14 . mo chathbarr . . . / gach én gébus má baithis / ní bia fó aithis móile, SG 248.26 . gríos beo do bháidh ar dtreise / do-cháidh tre bheo ar mbaitheise cut us to the quick, DDána 81.1 . bonn a chos ris an aird soir ┐ a bhaitheas ris an aird siar, TSh. 5758. For the phr. lann baithise the fontanelle , see 1 lann.

2 bil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bil or dil.ie/5878

adj expld. as good, fortunate, safe: b.¤ .i. maith, O'Cl. b.¤ tene .i. tene ṡoinmech (glossing Belltaine), Corm. 6. b.¤ .i. maith nó soinmech . . . bit secht mba bili, O'Dav. 205. b.¤ .i. inill, Thes. ii 326.19 (Hy. iv Comm.). b.¤ .i. slán, O'Dav. 206.

In lit. exx. vaguely laudatory allit. adj.: a brug Pharduis b.¤ , SR 1783. da cét ṁbargen ṁb.¤ , 6309 . fo bathis báin b.¤ , LL 353d79 . Mo Lliṅg Lúath, Cellach, Bróen b.¤ , RC xiii 44 § 27 . B. blaith b.¤ , LL 376. C. bruinne b.¤ , LL 1338. cech óen in tṡluaig-se báid b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 118.1 . dá leghtar mo betha b.¤ (said by Maedóc Ferna), BNnÉ 278 § 262 . ro marbsat in ṁbuadching b.¤ , LL 15667. a nónbur ban búadach b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 28.7 . don Bannai b.¤ , iv 68.27 . tri fichit bliadan buan b.¤ , Fél. 78.27 . daro caith cet bliadan b.¤ , BB 25b55 . go brath mb.¤ , Duan. F. ii 130.11 . fri ré da c[h]ēd mbliad[h]ain mb.¤ , 156.7 .

In chevilles: fáth b.¤ , LL 2414. fo blaid b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 374.7 . tre baid mb.¤ , BB 273a2 ( Leb. Cert.² 800 n .). fri báire mb.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 116.27 .

Compds. each dha bho biolḟothach. luath a réim ar airdeamhain (rhet.), Ériu xiii 25.21 = each, dá boin bilfotach .i. slán cen ḟothach `free from glanders' (?), O'Dav. 206. (price of an `emain' poem): each da bo billathach (b.¤ `rich in milk', Misc. Hib. 22.5 ), Laws v 66.18 .

3 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 co or dil.ie/9788
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: co, co, co n-, cu, có, go, gar, ɔrici, coni, con(n)á, connar, co-ndum-fel, conom, condidtuctis, conidtuccid, conid, condin-roirea, Condubtanicc, condibfeil, con-da-r-íccad, conda-tuárgabusa

conjunction (a use of 1 co, GOI 554 ). There are two forms, co, leniting, with abs. and deut. forms of follg. vb. ( co chutrummaigidir, Ml. 25c12 ; co du-fess, 44a9 ); and co n-, conj. part. See GOI 145 , 299 , 312 . Also cu, Ml. 89d16 , 139a14 , có, 142a1 . In later lang. go (gur), gar, Mac Aingil 4671 etc. See Blathm. 26 note . co n- freq. abbreviated ɔ in earlier lang. even where nasalizing n would not normally appear, e.g. ɔrici, Wb. 33b18 , ɔticfad, TBC-LL¹ 963 . Somet. even with con in full: con ropu, Ml. 67c9 . Cf. ɔṅdárbastar, Sg. 211a10 . See GOI 554 , TBC-LL¹ p. 1099 . Neg. of co is coni ( coní, Sg. 209b13 ), of co n- con(n)á etc. ( GOI 539 ). connar bo, TBC-LL¹ 2548 . go nach beath, DDána 74.68 . With inf. pron. ( GOI 258 ). 1 s. co-ndum-fel, Wb. 3c38 . condomarrgabad sa, 17d14 . conom thicisea except me, LU 8368 ( FB 24 ). 3 s. m. n. condidtuctis, Wb. 21c21 . conidtuccid, 11 . conid chuale, Ml. 20a2 . 1 p. condin-roirea, Wb. 29b16 . 2 p. Condubtanicc, Wb. 5c10 . condibfeil, 24c4 . 3 s. f. and 3 p. con-da-r-íccad, 4d19 . conda-tuárgabusa, 26d10 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3907 ( SCC 37 ). conda tucsa, Fraech 278 . For forms with copula see 1 is (I 307.61, 310.9 , 39 , 311.44 , 312.45, 313.4, 16, 21, 49, 65, 314.22, 33, 315.11, 23, 65 , 317.76, 318.58, 319.12, 63, 75, 320.48, 83 321.3 etc.).

On usage see GOI 342 , 554 ff. (possible difference in meaning between co and co n-; co rare outside O. Ir. glosses, see Translator's Note no. 197).

1 With indic. so that, and (consecutive): co gl. quo (. . . fatetur), Ml. 130c22 . con fri fuili foichliter, Bretha 25 . con[n]á heisedar, Críth G. 176 . ɔricub-sa cucuib `so that I shall come unto you', Wb. 32a27 . ɔarrceoratar a n-arma doib gl. ut doficerat eis quod in nos torquere possint, Ml. 26d6 . is co durogabsat, 108a6 . tremi-berar . . . conid ainm dun chrunn, Wb. 8a5 . ɔaich rann so that it is not, Sg. 212a6 . ar a coitcinne na cladh sa gu nach urasa cín dagra for a tigernaib, Laws iv 222.1 Comm. ɔruptar fadirci ind usci Ml. 40d16 . connar bo leír, TBC-LL¹ 2548 . With vb. of motion forming prep. phrase: téit co téit isa teach he goes into the house, BDD² 280 . ránic C. co mbuí hi faichchi na Bruidne came to, 507 . táncatar . . . co mbátar i ndorus etc., Sc.M² 5 . With as-beir introducing direct speech: mná . . . do gabāil chepóce . . . co n-ērbrat saying, Sc.M² 20 . atgládastar . . . B. co n-epert, LU 8235 ( FB 18 ). con-erbairt = dicens, Lat. Lives 1.4 . Freq. with copula and personal form of prep.: conid airi so that that is why, Sg. 189b2 . conid and atá otharlige a chind and that is where, RC iii 182.5 . conid and atbert c.¤ , 178.27 . conid de atá . . . whence is, 181.36 (cf. conid iarsin, y). conid de ro ainmniged . . . , Fraech 107 . Similarly: conid innisin . . . sin so that that is the story, TBC-LL¹ 1388 . co n-id di-a deoin dochoid, PH 2374 . As mere sentence-connective: robo trom tra la Moingḟind an ni sin, co n-ebairt fria macaib . . . , RC xxiv 194.25 . luid . . . co mbensom, LU 4907 (historic pres. rare in this use, GOI 331 ). luidseom . . . co tubart a láim tairrsiu, BDD² 141 . lasin donic ingabuir chuci corragaib mīr assathóib and took, RC iii 184.31 . dotaet . . . C. do tsiriud in dithruibh cetna, co riacht in tobur and he reached the spring, vi 175.28 . ro selaig C. . . . co tarat . . . co ragaib . . . co toracht, LU 8460 - 1 ( FB 31 ). Cf. loech foltfind lebar co mbeanad folt braine a da imda whose hair reached, etc., RC xxiv 184.6 . For stereotyped co cloth ní introducing rhetorics ( LU 5449 etc.) see Celtica vii 79 ff. See also viii 155-60 and Ulidia i 251-53 . See further Celtica ix 117 (as co) 118 (ar co), 133 (mod. mar is fearr go dtiocfaidh leat, etc.).

2 In special consecutive use in `which the subject of the clause is taken out of its logical position, and placed (under the government of the principal verb, though often almost absolutely) before the introductory conjunction and copula' ( PH p. 594 ). See further O'Brien Celtica ii 348 , C. O'Rahilly viii 162 . is rad dée immumforling conda apstal gl. gratia Dei sum id quod sum `God's grace has caused me to be an apostle,' Wb. 13b6 . is di chéin immunrordad condan maicc togu gl. qui praedestinauit nos in adoptionem filiorum, 20d10 . dobrograd condibfeil icorp crist gl. electionem uestram, you have been called to be members of C.'s body, 24c4 . In the follg. exx. rather with explicative force: o du raidhmisiot . . . / iosa com bu thorisi that J. was etc., Blathm. 55 . domuinet sochaide, na hapstail co n-id as cech berla ro-labairset, PH 5485 . is demin cuirp na hesergi co mbat foille, 6746 . atnaigh . . . aichne fair, conar bé A., TE 12 Eg. Similarly perh.: mainba æcne lib act conda anecne gl. ne quis me putet insipientem esse, alioquin velud insipientem accipite me, Wb. 17c10 . [no] ghnathaigeth U. aingel co torraimed indí Pátraic, Trip.² 215 .

3 In quantitative contexts (to the extent) that, (so much so) that: in sí a meit friscomartatar co ndo[d]sitis huili a fide have they offended to the point of falling a fide? Wb. 5b11 . attá diṡeirc la laitnori innangrec co seichetar cid a comroircniu the Latinists are so fond of the Greeks that they imitate even their errors, Sg. 1a2 . ba hé a méit co cathaigtis co corptha na demna frisna doínib, LU 4036 ( SCC 49 ). boí tra dia fot na lamae co rroacht tar na teóra fuithairbe the arm was so long that it reached, 9069 ( FB 82 ). ba he med na dochraidi co mba hecin di . . . , RC xxiv 190.7 .

4 until (with `the indicative or subjunctive according to the character of the sentence as a whole', GOI 555 and cf. 330 ). With pres. ni ib fínn combi mescc gl. non uinolentum, Wb. 28b24 . co mbí, Críth G. 83 . co ndichet till he goes, 28 . co roglea dó until he has finished, Mon. Tall. 133.16 . ní rach . . . / don Charraig . . . / taireise go rabh a-rís / damh, Aithd. D. 32.16 . Freq. with verbs of coming to, reaching in prep. phrases, see do-icc, ro-icc (cf. orta co rís in corthe, LU 3334 ), 100.36 . With pret. and perf.: con-dub-tanicc misericordia Dei , Wb. 5c10 . conda-tuárgabusa, 26d10 . co bba till it was, BDD² 12 (for co mba? corbo, D). co nderglē till I made up my mind, Sc.M² 4 . asbertatar . . . co comarsatis in dá adnacul . . . ní comroicfed . . . , Airne F. 148 . In later lang. also with fut.: gearr go mbia, DDána 26.8 . See cotá.

5 As connective marking subordination after verbs of saying and in various other contexts that (with subj., later also condit. and indic.): a n-asberid a Iudeu coni cloitis geinti tairchital Crist, 5a8 . as n-é tairrchet . . . combad adramail in macc conróbad écoscc a cheneóil fair, 6d6 . nád chumaing aranísar and coní enggnatar gníma, Sg. 209b13 . ? is écen ɔṅdárbastar, 211a10 . coní ecmi nád n-airchissa act is co arcessea (it happens) that he does spare, Wb. 5b35 . atbertsat . . . co leicfitis, LU 9023 ( FB 77 ). forairngert-sa . . . co ragad méla . . . fort, TBC-LL¹ 647 . dá mbeath go dtuillinn, Aithd. D. 95.13 . do fhóbair go ndearnainn dearmad, 38.16 . tuig . . . go raibhe . . . , TSh. 22 . go dtarla . . . gur mhionuigh ┐ gur bhris, 59 . ó ataoi dall . . . 's gar mían leat etc., Mac Aingil 4671 . gar cōir dhuit etc. (title), 1033 . toingim-se . . . co ná fil, Ériu iv 98.10 . ní mōr go mbui ar comus dōip `they were scarcely able', Fl. Earls 88.12 . As connective particle in ar eagla go, do bhríogh go etc., see TSh. tre go bhfuighedis, Luc. Fid. 3269 .

6 In O. Ir. with subj. glossing Lat. ut, ne (final): coni gl. (timens) ne, Ml. 22d12 . gl. uti, Sg. 213a5 . ɔrop imdu de duún gl. ut abundet, Wb. 3a12 . co beit amal innahí nad tectat sétchi gl. ut sint, 10b5 . co remifoil gl. ut . . . anticipiet, Ml. 23a8 . co asagnoither gl. ut intelligatur, Sg. 180b2 . commimis less huili gl. ut et mortuorum et uiuorum dominetur, Wb. 6b21 . co ngnemmis gnímu colno gl. ut . . . uiuamus, 4a9 . co fu-crothad .i. co chon-scarad gl. ut . . . cassaret, Ml. 23b14 . có gl. quo (maior . . . prauitas appareret), 29a5 . co gl. quo . . . possint, 74c10 .

7 With subj. so that, in order that. Pres. condib dídnad domsa, Wb. 1b1 . con festar cách gl. scientia, 12c38 . cona roib etarcéin, 26a14 . corbu du reir nach aili labraimme gl. nostro iuri in loquendo, non alieno seruimus imperio, Ml. 31b16 . ni nád ndenam-ni acht is co dugnem, 23c6 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . coni taibrea feuchrai fírmessa foraib, 109c14 . mad he herchoiliud cétne persine in sin .i. conibbé dese and, Sg. 199b4 . ɔnábé and, 166a3 . co ti N. do bar n-eadrain `so that N. may come to separate you', RC xxiv 194.26 . tíagsa co n-ardu tenid I'll go and light a fire, BDD² 286 . cid is áil duib . . . co ndernur what do you want me to do ? PH 4414 . congain liom go leanar help me to follow, DDána 2.7 . Impf. co no pridchinn a indocbáil, Wb. 28a7 . combad aurlam cách dia bathis , 8a4 . ɔrobad cech brathair post alium , 34a4 . conaib fir, Ml. 31d9 . confresced in popul á íc, 136d1 . co mbin cosmail fri encu, 91b7 . cinged issin sliab co tabrad fiad `to fetch a deer', Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 5 . oc imchosnum, comtis hé cétnarístais, Airne F. 135 . atbert in ríg, go ructha that he should be brought, PH 1329 . a bhreath don bhoct do-bhire / go nach beath ort oirbhire, DDána 74.68 .

8 With impf. subj. of copula and subst. vb. introducing a tentative or alternative explanation: combad notire rodscribad cosse gl. salutatio mea manu Pauli, up to this point it is no doubt the work of a scribe (an epistle), Wb. 27d16 . co mbad si amser sin rongabthe in salm apparently it was then . . . , Ml. 24d7 . combad ho ṡuidiu iarum pepigi gl. antiqui `pago' . . . dicebant pro `paciscor', and that, presumably, is the origin of, Sg. 181a3 . combed secunda gl. de aliquo habet locutionem, 200a1 . ɔnabeth foraithmet dǽ hi suidiu gl. id non dixit absolute etc., Ml. 22d26 . no, go na beith acht trian and dogres `or, according to others, there is never more than one-third', Laws iv 196. 12 Comm. no guna tuctha acht einní dib do gach thir, 162 note (Comm.). no comad a cáer . . . no ásad, Airne F. 55 .

9 In wishes (see Murphy Lyrics p. 255 ): conarbera dam . . . fri M. `say to M. for me', Mon. Tall. 150.7 . gurab tu ar comairge, Ériu i 122.24 . co rop é in læch . . . may he be the warrior . . . , TBC-LL¹ 1151 . go roibh linn . . . / . . . banaltra thrí dtighearna, DDána 9.1 tocht id leith gur mheala mé, 25a.25 . Perh. also: conná' musnágat may they not fear each other, LU 9091 ( FB 84 ).

10 With prec. conj. forming compound conjunctions. See 1 acht (A 21.59), 1 ara (A 372.12, 24 etc.), cen (114.78), 2 cía (170.85), cían (180.39), dáig (D 19.44), dochum (D 229.60 ), indas (I 218.42). For use with prec. neg. adv. see nícon (N 45.79, 46.4, 11).

11 After positive, compar. or super. adj. used adverbally: mar is lúaithe co tairnig, Maund. 38 § 57 . marus ferr co fetfaitis, RC xix 26 § 19 . luaithiu con-rānic Maelodrān, Fing. R. 1023 . cid lúath condránic in gilla, LL ii 8791 .

12 After ocus (generally introducing different subject): dotháet Findabair assind uisciu. & facbaid in claideb i llaim Fraech. ┐ co mben a chend den míl, LL v 33282 . dobert Cu Chulaind side da ṡaigid ┐ co topacht a chend de, iv 23220 . delbaid a richt cacha fírcharat etir ḟir ┐ mnai fos, ┐ co léiceann cach a rún ria, Acall. 5680 .

diúltad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. diúltad or dil.ie/16976

Forms: díltud, díltod, diúltadh, díltadh

u, m. O.Ir. díltud, díltod. Vn. of do-sluindi. diúltadh, díltadh, IGT Verbs § 98 .

(a) In Wb. used to translate scandalum, etc.: diltuth, Wb. 6c2 (a prima manu). in díltod, 5b7 . ma imfolṅgi díltud dun brathir gl. scandalizare, 10c13 , cf. 14 .

(b) = Lat. negare, denying the truth of, refusing to believe in: diltud esærgi, Ml. 15d2 (cf. Wb. 13b18 ). díltud remdeicsen Dǽ, 91a21 . díltod Dé, Wb. 1d12 . desperatio .i. in dilthut veritatis, Enchir. Aug. 75b ( ZCP vii 482 ). do dichor eirsi Maicedoin .i. diultad in spiruta noib, Lec. 301a16 . Hence gramm. negation, a negative: ar díltud ata in- gl. intolerabilius, Sg. 95a4 . fo diltud inso in negation gl. neque, Ml. 55c8 . ac[c] . . . nego latine .i. diultad, Corm. Y 96 . di-ainmne .i. di- fo diultad, 407 , cf. 78 , 504 , 506 . indigu .i. in- ic a diultad co nach digu hē, 759 , cf. 92 . dini[n] disail .i. di fo diultad and co nach nin, Auraic. 1566 . an diúltadh coitcheann `universal negative', TSh. 3232 . IGT Verbs passim .

(c) rejecting, refusing to acknowledge, refusing admittance, disowning: issé ar ndiltuth dūnn fanissin our denial of ourselves (i.e. self-abnegation), Thes. ii 245 (Camb. Hom.). diultad bathis , Corm. Y 756 (= d.¤ do baithis, LB). diultad diabuil con-a aslaigib, PH 8332 . dogéntai-si uli mo d.¤-sa ol Ísu, 3002 . icca ndlomad ┐ icca ndíulta uad, 6163 . antan bhíos ag diúltadh aneith budh mhaith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 8250 . With various prepp. DO: ar ngabhail lais an ccreittemh ccatolica ┐ ar ndiúltadh dá Prionnsa, AFM v 1736 . ag d.¤ d'fháis-chreideamh Calvin, TSh. 6109 . FOR: diultad for rig n-angel n-úag, SR 4117 . FRI: ni radligiusa diultud frim i Temraich I deserved not to be refused admittance to T., LL 51b9 . iar loscud dia muntir Dromma Liss ar ndiultud friu after his monks had burnt D. L. on being refused admittance, 369 marg. inf. isé . . . dorad fāilti do ḟileadaib Erend iar ndiultad friu do Aed mac A. a mōrdāil Droma Ceata, Lec. 286b5 . RÉ N-: diultad re ndāim fechta feile to refuse hospitality, Laws v 174.21 Comm. iar ndiultad dó roimh Padraic, MacCarthy 396 .

(d) refusing, declining to grant or to do: nar bh'áil liom thusa do diulte to refuse your request, Ériu vi 125 . diúltadh cáigh lé ní léamha `He will not dare to refuse her anyone', A. Ó Dálaigh vii 7 . ní bhfuilim ag diúltadh bás d'fagháil, Acts xxv 11 . nochan fhuil finghal ná feall | doirr na diultadh ná doichell, ZCP ix 486 .

1 glaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 glaine or dil.ie/25946
Last Revised: 2019

n (glan) , f. (m., IGT Decl. § 2 )

(a) clearness, cleanness; in moral sense purity: in glaine sin et ind nóibe, Wb. 9c30 . fris in noibi ┐ in glaini, Ml. 98d2 . a mundit[i]a .i. ōn gloine, Corm. Y 900 . Iulián all ṅglaine a rock of purity, Fél. Jan. 6. ib. 9 . ara glaini ro ainmniged disi sin (of Fand), LU 3377 ( SCC 17 ). eirnigter seoit di ... ar comet i nglaine for keeping in purity, Laws v 448.7 Comm. andgus .i. glaine, 460.5 . geanas (.i. glaine), ACL iii 12 § 16 . o bathis (.i. o glaine), 18 . glaine cride ┐ menman, PH 6350 . dho-míllset ... in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu the bond of purity, 7432 . iar fegad in mara im ḟéth ... ┐ im glaini gáithi, TTr. 983 ( LL 230b13 ). buí día glaine corbo réill in grian ┐ in gainem (of the sea), LU 1883 . i fogmur ara glainni, Laws i 2.2 . do ghlaine a gaísi `by the clearness of his wisdom,' MR 318.29 . fer firen co ngloine aiccnidh, BNnÉ i 20.3 . ar gloine a n-ealadhan, Leb. Gab.(i) i 158 n. 4 . coraib a durrthech ... hi ṅglaine ... kept clean, Ériu i 219 § 6 . ar ghloine an árais, TSh. 3721 . gloine t'asán, TD 38.3 . gloine fhíacal, Amos iv 6. Psalms xviii 20.24 .

(b) glass, crystal; fig. crystalline quality: comla glaine fri cach sinister, Laws i 28.32 Comm. lestar gloine, PH 270 . dabhach ... do gloine ghuirm, Ériu iii 156 § 10 . in gem gloine (of a bishop), AU ii 174.9 ( an. 1173). mar théid tré chlár ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . rosg ar néimh ghloine `of the brightness of crystal,' TD 27.42 . a ghluine mar néimh nuaighrís, Dánta Gr. 16.68 . bruar nó luaithreadh na gloine, TSh. 7195 .

(c) a glass (vessel): cenn Eōin Baptaist ... a ngloine cristail, Fl. Earls 30.8 . dū ina ndingentaidhe na gloinidhe, Fl. Earls 70.3 .

oc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oc or dil.ie/33397

Forms: oc(c), ac, oc, ac, ic, ag, ocin, ocind, ocon(d), icon(d), con(d), ocna, ocna, icna, ocum, acum, icum, agam-sa, ocut, acut, acot-su, icot, occo, occa, oca-som, ocae, occai, oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice, aige, occai, occae, occi, occai, acci, aicce, aice, aici, ocunn, ocainn, acainn, ocaind, oc(c)aib, acaib, ocaib, occo, oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu, aca, octhaib, oc, oc, ocom, icom, 'com, occ, oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, cot, occa, occo, oco, oc(c)a, ic(c)a, coa, ca, ga, occar, coar, cár, oc, oc, ocabar, icabar, co, ga, occa, ocua, ocaó, ica, coa-ta, ica-t, ca-tá, ga-tátt, gán, cán

prep. governing dat. O.Ir. oc(c); ac, Ml. 22a5 , 82d11 . Mid.Ir. oc, ac, ic. Mod. ag. Causes no change in initial of a subst. immediately following. In Mid.Ir. often loses initial vowel in composition with art. or poss. pron. With art.: s. ocin bathis , Tur. 68 ; ocind oipred, Sg. 190b3 . Mid.Ir. ocon(d); icon(d); 'con(d). pl. ocna fothaircthib, Sg. 217a4 . Mid.Ir. ocna, icna.

With pers. pron.: 1 s. Mid.Ir. ocum, acum; icum; agam-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2207. 2 s. Mid.Ir. ocut; acut, LU 3917 ; acot-su, 4016 ; icot. 3 s. m. & n. occo, Wb. 5a26 . occa, Wb. 8a11 , Hy. i 36 T . oca-som, LU 9019 ( FB 77 ). ocae, Ml. 41d3 . occai, Hy. i 36 F , ii 55 . Mid.Ir. oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice. Mod. aige. 3 s. f. occai, Ml. 67d23 . occae, 89c16 . occi, Sg. 7a2 . Mid.Ir. occai, acci, aicce. Mod. aice, aici. 1 pl. ocunn; in Mid.Ir. often with palatal final, ocainn, acainn; ocaind, LU 8829 ( FB 62 ). 2 pl. Mid.Ir. oc(c)aib, acaib. 3 pl. ocaib, LU 3243 , 9166 . occo, 8874 , 9018 , 9094 . oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu. Mod. aca. octhaib, Ériu iv 144.1 is a late analogical form.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. oc mo, Wb. 26c2 . oc mu, Thes. ii 293. 16 . Mid.Ir. ocom, icom, 'com. 2 s. occ t'adrad, Wb. 5a25 . ac du guidi, Ml. 22a5 . oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, 'cot. 3 s. occa, Wb. 24c13 , 28d10 . occo, Sg. 67a10 . oco, 213b4 . oc(c)a, ic(c)a: 'coa; 'ca: ga, TBC-LL¹ 5713 , 5720 . Mod. ag a, 'gá. 1 pl. occar n-, Wb. 4b16 , 10c22 . coar n-, SR 1500. cár, PH 1849. 2 pl. oc far n-, Wb. 5d33 . oc bar, 25c16 . ic for, SR 1246. ocabar n-, PH 2669. icabar, LL 238b34 . co for n-, LU 5244 (H). ga bar, LB 110b57 . 3 pl. occa n-, Wb. 16c5 , 20c3 . ocua n-, Ml. 18b4 . ocaó n-, LU 4630 . ica n-.

With rel. pron.: nearly always folld. by subst. vb.; no exx. in Glosses. coa-ta, TBC-LL¹ 1236 (2 s.) co ata, Rawl. 152b38 (3 s.). ica-t, TBC-LL¹ 1616. ca-tá, 120 . ga-tátt, BColm. 80.29 (3 pl.). ca mbia, IT i 190.15 ( FA 30 LB). oca mbaí, TBC-LL¹ 3516. coa rabi, 785 . gá farcgaib, 786 . gar cumad, ZCP viii 114 § 13.

Isolated exx. occur with cop.: pres. sdéd gan dóigh urraim na n-eillteadh, IGT Dec. ex. 1177 = gán, 662 . cán, Hy Fiach. 284. pret. on curi car terc sluaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 418.20 . As preverb, only in composition with ben- (subst. vb.), see ocuben.

In general sense denotes proximity, local or figurative (always of rest in a place or state).

I In local sense

(a) at, beside, close to: oc na fothaircthib at the baths, Sg. 217a4 . occi (gl. iuxta se), 7a2 . imdi noa occai (gl. Tarsis potens navium), Ml. 67d23 . cáingrían ocon tṡléib sin, Fél. Oct. 20. icon dún . . . .i. oc Dún Mac N., TBC-LL¹ 1225. in fetar-su cia fil icond áth?, 1157 . oc cros ind-dorus lis by the cross in front of the hostel, Mon. Tall. § 62. dessid Ísu ic meis, PH 5035 , cf. dessid ocon muicc sat down (to carve) the pig, IT 100.22 . oc Ierusalem, PH 485. fert Fergusa . . . fil ic Findloch i Connachta, ACL iii 5.4 . cantairecht do tocbail agun altoir, ZCP viii 115 § 27. gom thoigh at my house, 219 § 9 . tair ic taurcbáil na gréne in the quarter of sunrise, IT i 129.9 . Cf. is e fil oc mo gerran-sa who is in charge of my nag, Ériu v 30.9 . Exceptionally after vb. of motion (in fig. sense): do impo se na Lumbardaig . . . oc creidium na heclasi, ZCP xiii 184.2 .

(b) in fig. sense, beside = compared with (Germ. neben): luin oc elaib, Corm. Y 69 , cf. gloss in LU 330 : .i. deróli na luin i farrad na n-ela. marbāin inna bliadna so, | nirbo chuīnti nech occo there was none worth bewailing compared with them, Bruchst. i § 96 = níbo caointe ní occa, TFrag. 60.15 .

(c) folld. by demonstr. pron. so, sin, sút and a subst., form- ing an elliptical sent. here (there) is (are) (= Lat. ecce, Fr. voici, voilà). The form ac is always used in this construction, which is unknown in O.Ir. The orig. constr. is prob.: oc so (sin) atá . . . , the prep. governing the demonstr.; but later ac so (sin) comes to be regarded as a compd. adv. and the follg. subst. is sometimes in acc. case. See IGT Introd. § 128 , where ag so, ag sin and ag súd are said to be followed either by nom. or acc., `ag sin bean gheal' and `ag sin mhnáoi ngil' being both correct. ac so me here I am, PH 638. ac so uan Dé, 3794 . ac sin chucut do ríg (= ecce rex tuus venit tibi), 4376 . ac seo in corn-so dúib, LL 301b3 ( RC xiii 62 x ). ac sin bar n-usci dhaibh, Ériu v 158.220 . ag soin . . . an mbunnainn, IGT Dec. ex. 561.

Ac so, ac sin are freq. used like Fr. voici, voilà to indicate respectively a following or a preceding statement, enumera- tion, etc. ag so an tres gniomh diobh . . . fer a ionaid do dermat, BNnÉ 263.1 . ethech ┐ bréga ┐ luigeda dímaine . . . ac sin brissed na cet-aithne, PH 7604. ac sein duit ocht fichit cest rá ernisem, LL 145a52 . ac sin a n-oidid éicin chloinde crōda Cennēidig, ZCP viii 120.7 . o Gabrann co Cnamchaill . . . ag sin in gnathrainn, Ériu ii 50 § 4. ag sin agat . . . slighe na ndeich n-aithne, Dán Dé vi 11.

II Of the time or occasion at or during which someth. takes place (often = Germ. bei):

(a) sulbaire degbelrai cen tognam n-occae (gl. gratia illaborata), Ml. 89c16 . nin-fortéit-ni in spirut oc suidiu the spirit helps us not herein (i.e. when we pray), Wb. 4a27 . bale i rrabe oc na clessaib engaged in sports, FB 43. an cetharlebar sosceli do aurlegund oc praind at meal- time, Mon. Tall. 29. crosfigild iarum oc domine probasti at (the words) `Domine p.', § 30. dia mbatar icon choibfhleid, PH 5048 . doratad anmunna forru icon bathis , 970 . fleadh gá sgaoiltir sgéla, IGT Dec. ex. 1051. (For: ic abardorcha, CCath. 1090 , read i cabar-.) Further extensions of this use: cid ar nach sechend ind eclais Crist ic timna na himdibe? why does not the Church follow Christ in the matter of circumci- sion? PH 5765. atbert Esaias oca césad when speaking of his passion, 2275 . atá an ghealach níosa lugha . . . mar deirim aice fein as I state when I deal with it, Corp. Astron. 88.18 .

(b) with 3 s. n. pron. used as advb. = at it, thereat, engaged therein, on that occasion, etc. ní torbe precept . . . mani dénatur ḟerte occa, Wb. 8a11 . oín-menme lib occo (gl. ut unanimes honorificetis Deum), 6d3 . huisque prius in calicem ┐ issed canar occo (i.e. while the water is poured into the chalice), Thes. ii 252.5 ( Stowe M. 64b ). Celestinus . . . isé ro herlig gráda fairseom, Germanus ┐ Amatho . . . ar aird occo G. and A. being present, Trip. 30.28 . ro baí munter P. oc búain orba . . . ros-gab íta mór occai, 236.2 . praind do tomailt . . . is a hurcul acht sailmchetal ┐ aurnaigti occo to eat . . . is for- bidden unless it is accompanied by psalm-singing, Mon. Tall. 65 . cudnód ind prainde arnā bether ocu nach cein that no long while may be spent over it, § 89. dā biait do cetol i crois- figill cen tairnem lama occa, RC xv 489 § 17. ma doragbus ní d'uabar . . . cluinte mo nuallan acai `hear me wail for it', Ériu ii 56 § 15 . nis-fil do plaig . . . nachus-bera sin for culu, acht corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430.6 .

III Folld. by vn. (strictly a case of II).

(a) after subst. vb., taking the place of a pres. part.; corre- sponding to the older Engl. gerundial construction `to be a-going'. ataat oc timthirecht apastolorum they are serving, Wb. 14a30 . ce rudbatar iudei occa thindnacul-som though . . . were delivering him up, 4b13 . Cf. is occ maid atáa he is engaged in good, 6a18 . itu ic frithalim na n-anmanna, SR 1187. bui- siom oc huamim sewing, Mon. Tall. 60. mor fer ro boí com iarraid many men have wooed me, SCC 44. ata mog Dé icot gairm is calling thee, PH 1369. tic Euá asin tsruth, bai for tir co [leg. coa or ca] tirmugud, SR 1686 = oca tirmugud, MacCarthy 66.7 . ro batar . . . duile De coar n-airmitein, SR 1500 = oc ár n-a., MacCarthy 60 z . ata Dia ic for togáes, SR 1246 = ga bar togaethad, MacCarthy 52.18 . ata drong . . . ocabar n-aithceód, PH 2669. ro bátár a cruti ocaó n-airfitiud playing to them, TBC-LL¹ 168 ( LU 4630 ).

Note the irreg. constr. in the follg. exx. in which oc accom- panied by rel. pron. governs a vn. in a rel. clause: fogéba . . . aní coa-taí iarair you will find what you are seeking, TBC-LL¹ 1236. fúr na fleidhi oca rabhadhuis denumh damsa which you were making for me, Lism. L. 2357. fírinde ina núfhiadnaise icca rabatar tairchetul of which they had been prophesying, PH 5768 . With prep. do inserted before vn.: do dhemnaib ca tai d'adrad whom thou worshippest, PH 634. is e so in t-Ísu oca raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 .

With ellipse of vb., in function of pres. part.: cid tu dana icim dail? who art thou that comest to meet me? IT i 127.4 . ingen oc ambrán singing, PH 889. siat oc slechtanaib . . . ┐ oc ádrad Ísu, 2615 . espuig ag adhaltras, ag meallad a ngraidh bishops adulterous, belying their orders, ZCP viii 209.29 . sib-si icc iarraid bar leicctiu don cath ┐ misi ica-for [accabur v.l.] fostadh, CCath. 5129.

After subst. vb. in impers. construction: cia bethir oc far n-ingrim though they be a-persecuting you, Wb. 5d33 . céin both oc taisbenad na flede dóib while they were setting forth the feast, FB 13. is and ro bas oca caíniud lamentation was made for them, 77 . atathar com breith don Teibh they are taking me to Thebes, RC x 180.35 . ru fitir níb uc denam a lessa ro bass and, RC iii 176.18 . The follg. ex. offers an analogous construction: os gar ndola con lō so since we are going to this battle (?), RC xxxvii 352 § 9 .

(b) with other vbs., referring to subj. of sent.: conid oc accaíne sin atbert in rí, PH 4268. ro-bar-n-élned oc adrad cloch ┐ crand by worshipping, 1707 . a fhuair [do máthair] do galar acut breith, 7390 . dorala Cairend doib ic tabairt usci do Temraig as she was bringing water, RC xxiv 192.17 . muna derntaí maith icabhur cosnum, Acall. 5141 = ocabar, Fr. Esp. used idiomatically after vbs. of beginning, continuing, desisting: forópair oc dogru, SCC 44. fecis Ailill oc cóí began to weep, IT i 127.17 . ro gab ac midem ┐ ac mórdescain, CRR 25. gabais Gabriel ga guidi, ACL iii 244 § 11. fuabrais ic troscadh for Ciaran, 5.2 . nā han ag atach Righ nimi cease not to beseech, ZCP vi 272 § 14. Analog. with abstr. noun: fos oc etli `per- severance in holiness', Mon. Tall. 19.

(c) referring to other member of sent. than subj.; imba immalei dō occa[r] taithchricc et occar n-áinsem? will he be at the same time redeeming us and accusing as? Wb. 4b16 . bliadain . . . dō ga hiarraidh he spent a year seeking her, IT i 129.15 . cen fial impu oca n-imdíten, MacCarthy 56.9 . doro- chair ecla forsna huli anchretmechu oca fhacsin sin, PH 2164. coro indisetar don rí cách uli oc édpairt dona deeib that all were sacrificing, 979 . ro brised in cath . . . ar Oilill ┐ ar Mheidb . . . oc tabairt tána bó cuȧilngi, RC vi 178.134 .

After the obj. of a vb. of seeing, hearing, etc., often as complement: otchí Isu in ṅduine ic comallnad a thimna when Jesus sees a man fulfilling his command, PH 4607. itcualamar in t-aingel oc comrád, 2968 .

(d) introducing an absolute adverbial phrase: issed aspered M. oca aurail do neoch fairsiom guidhi Dé laisiom when any one enjoined on him to pray God for him, Mon. Tall. 75. boi ingreimm mor forsna Cristaigib . . . oc eráil forru édpart do génum dona deeib, PH 962. is aire chanait . . . don anmain ic escómlad di asin churp, 8139 (= ica escomlad asin churp). ag clos linn . . . do fhreagra, Content. x 21. The follg. con- structions are mixed: gu rabha oc dul a anma ass he was at his last gasp, Irish Texts i 43.27 . nech lasmbad oc dil occorso do cheli Dē who was wont to satisfy the hunger of a servant of God, Ériu i 46.2 .

(e) after an adj.: it mathi side oc aslug these are good at seduction, Wb. 30c13 . it mathi inna ganema oc óul ind lenda (gl. bibulae), Ml. 129d14 . nitat soír oc tintuúth skilled in translating, Wb. 12b23 . cid trén oc tecmallad . . . cia bo labor oc tecmallad mighty . . . weak at gathering, 16c25 , 26 . nidam maith-se oc immarbaig, TBC-LL¹ 1676. Cf. bid gadhar tafaind Ailill oc iarraid crich ┐ ig cosnum mennato, RC xxiv 176.3 .

(f) the vn. following oc is often used in a passive sense, being in this case always preceded by a poss. pron. In Mod.Ir. g(h)á, d(h)á are used in this way. crann immua-mbiat [inna lestrai] ocua ndenum round which (vessels) are made, Ml. 18b4 . ita in cath oca ferthain indiu the battle is being fought, SCC 33. tintud septin . . . is hé ro malartad occo tintúdh [sic leg.] asind ebre isin ngreic which was corrupted in being trans- lated, Hib. Min. 10.335 . binnidir téta mendchrot aca seinm, TBC-LL¹ 209. atú-sa icom mess ona dib rigu I am being judged, PH 1407. dorigne in himaigin . . . co mbeth aice hi oca hadrad, 61 . gair ban ┐ mac aca milliud, TTebe 2155 . fuair se dias do muindtir E. aga ndicennud he found two . . . being be- headed, ZCP vi 281.26 . é féin aga imchor . . . a gcathaóir being carried, Fl. Earls 172.25 . iomad teach n-aoidheadh 'ga ndéa- namh ┐ leabhar da scríobhadh, Keat. iii 3037.

IV Of persons.

(a) with, among, denoting generally not mere proximity but some kind of association , corresponding to Lat. apud, Fr. chez, Germ. bei; often = at the house of, in the country of; used of an author in whose work some statement occurs, etc.

robem occa i mbithbethaid may we be with Him, Hy. i 36. ní n-accathar nech aile occut let no one else see it in your possession, FB 59. is acainne ḟuarais crích ┐ ferand among us (i.e. in Connacht), TBC-LL¹ 5944. nico raga do chorp-sa i n- ádnocul ocainde, PH 3693. iar n-a gabail doibh for creich occo after he had been made prisoner by them when he was raid- ing amongst them, MacCarthy 396.11 ( BB 48b ). ocut-sa dogním in cháisc (= in thy house), PH 5032. an agum-sa 'gud leig[i]us stay with me for thy healing, ZCP vi 37.12 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess though I should spend a month with, ACL iii 304. 21 . anais octhaib .xl. láa he stayed with them, Ériu iv 144.1 . eoangelium ic grecaib, bonum nuntium . . . ic auctoraib na Roman the Greeks call it euangelium , ZCP viii 113 § 5. `amen' . . . is é a etarchert ic Aquil `fideliter'; is e imorro a etarchert oc Cirine `uere', PH 7982. ata tuaruscbail er in peccad-sa ic Solam i nEcclesi[asti]co , 7769 . léaghtar ag Iul Caesar isan seiseadh leabhar d'á stáir, Keat. i 72.95 . Esp. after fo-ácaib, of leaving someth. with some one: facbaid mallachtain aice ┐ berid mallachtain uada, PH 8289. fáccbais comarbus na cille sin ag Urcain, BNnÉ 264 § 226. iar faccbail [sic leg.] imcho- mhairc occa chele after bidding each other farewell, 328 § 56 . ó Ghuaire . . . gár ḟagaibh dámh mór mbennacht, ZCP viii 109.22 Cf. mod. `slán agat!' said by a departing guest in response to the host's `slán leat!'

In many cases oc in compos. with a plural pron. and follow- ing an interrog. or indef. pron. or numeral is used almost in a partitive sense like ó (see 1 ó vii); in early exx. there is a difference in meaning between oc and ó in such cases; in Mod.Ir. ag is freq. used in partitive sense. cia nod-máid acaib-si sin? who among you makes that boast? TBC-LL¹ 1974. cia bad chóir da ḟúapairt Conculaind accu which of them ought to attack C., 2077 . cach mac gaibes gaisced acaib, IT i 101.5 . denum tuidecht cen comlabra do neoch fri araile ocaind with- out conversing with each other, MacCarthy 64.5 ( LB 112a49 ). gach laoch aca-sumh, ML 132.2 . gá méad aca how many of them, Dán Dé xvi 23.

(b) with subst. vb. to denote (temporary) possession: ata x ocumm I have (am in possession of) x; to be distinguished from: is limm x x is mine (belongs to me).

uccu .i. aicci a oenar ata se (i.e. a man's choice rests with himself alone), Corm. Y 1295. árchú fil ocom, TBC-LL¹ 1003. a mboi de ór ┐ argut oca all the gold . . . they had, PH 999. nech ic nach fil almsa, 4974 . do thorad in chroind ic ata fiss uilce ┐ maithusa, MacCarthy 52.20 ( LB 110b58 ). is aigci ata cach maith, . . . ic mac mo Dé, BColm. 100.16 . dā mac dēc ic Coscrach . . . a hocht diib co-ata sil who have posterity, Rawl. 152b38 . ni fhuil ag fissid ar ndil, acht ag Rig na rígh our destiny lies not with the seer, ZCP vii 301 § 9. cia aga bhfuil dúil i lúth? who has any desire for, Keat. Poems 522.

Note follg. constructions: ni boí occo-som do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichenned it was not in their power to remain alive, FB 77 (the subj. is the vn. a mbith). duine ga raibe dolás a ngar dó to whom sorrow was nigh, BCC § 147. Occas. atá ocumm folld. by vb. nearly = I am able (to): indar leosom bai aici-seom a sechna he would be able to avoid it, TBC-LL¹ 2208. ata oen-ní ocund do denum `I have yet one expedient', PH 1192 .

Often with ellipse of vb.: bél aicce i tallfad cú, Ériu iv 100.14 . proinn aige da gach aoidhidh, ZCP viii 109 § 4. tucad claideb . . . ac Pilasceius . . . do Plicigias `a sword which had belonged to Pelasgus', TTebe 2499 . ni fhetad duine biad folaig ece [= aice] ann none could have any hidden food, LB 155b59 . ni muirbither mac mna lium cen chin aice, PH 401. uchán! gan againn oinniuin is gáirleog alas that we have not, Keat. Poems 1245.

(c) in sight of, in judgement of (cf. analogous use of la): ro bámar-ni fecht co cátaid acut, SCC 43. ni lia esbaid daim acaind . . . nā esbaid laich the loss of an ox is not more to us than the loss of a warrior, CRR 4. ar bam anoraigti-sea oc Dia dia fhódmar martrai honoured in the sight of God, PH 2428. co nachat anmand uaisle . . . noemait nech icon choimdid, 5087 . nach fil clerech is amru ac Día oldas-[s]om, BColm. 102.13 . olcc occo-som máthair Néill they disliked N.'s mother, Ériu iv 92.11 . inn edh dobeir fort-sa [sin] ar n-etairisine acut? CCath. 634 (= is it because you deem us disloyal that you act thus? = deeratne tibi fiducia nostri? Luc. Phars. i 362 ). co flaith Dúrlais 'cán mór me (= who thinks much of me), Hy Fiach. 284.5 . ní hé as daidhbhre ag Dia, Dán Dé xxxi 22.

(d) used with reflex. pron. after vbs. of saying, observing, thinking, etc.: atrubart aice fén he said to himself, PH 1046. déchaid-si acaib fén masa me see for yourselves if it is I, 3108 . is tria úmla ro chind aice a chlood that he had resolved to vanquish him, 4814 . ro imraid aice ina menmain deliberated, ZCP v 502.8 . do smuain sé aige gumadh ferr leis, Maund. 268. mesait ┐ tuicit aca badhdein, Fl. Earls 228.2 .

The vb. gaibid is similarly used; nā gebed nech aicce fén combad, etc. let not any one conclude, PH 4954. nā ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa doratait dúin let us not count as our own property, 6123 . Similarly techtaid possesses: ni ro techta occut feirg harbour not anger, PH 4094. is aen-athair techtmait-ne uli ocaind, 6004 : cf. 4025 .

(e) almost in sense of agent, cf. analogous use of la. Strictly, oc indicates, not the agent, but the quarter, group of indi- viduals, etc., in which the action takes place or has its origin. With pass. often employed instead of do where that prep. is needed in another sense. (In Mod.Ir. ag is commonly used to denote the agent after a part. in periphrasis for perf. tense: atá an litir scríobhtha agam I have written.) co torchair acu iarsin iar cur a n-āir he fell at their hands after slaying many of them, ZCP i 105.31 = co torchair leo, ib. 10 . idrochadar sin uili ic feraib Muman, Cog. 22.17 . is dethbir det-siu cia fogabad mor d'imned ocut-sa it befits thee that he should meet with much tribulation from thee, PH 3828 (Satan addresses Hell). co coí n-étarbaig ic anmannaib na peccdach ica pianad oc na slogaib na ndemna, 8306 . iarna marbad ocin rig (i.e. by order of), 6650 . ni lamtís beos icon rig Crist do adrad co follus `through fear of the king', 1016 . ídpairt inn uain oc macu Israel, KMMisc. 144 § 4. With pass.: ra cruthaiged comairle acu, TBC-LL¹ 702. ro benait na cluic ac na cleirchib, ACL iii 225.23 . ro hádnaiced in cend oc Herudiátis by command of H., PH 916. cia coa ndernad in chet-long? by whom was the first ship made? ZCP iv 236.6 . oilén R. atá a laim muindteri Eoin Baisti arna thabairt ac in imperi dóib, Maund. 35. Grigair . . . 'gar cumad in cantairecht (= who was the originator of church music), ZCP viii 114 § 13. gabhthar . . . gá n-aos ceoil . . . laoidh, Gofraidh Fionn iii 46 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). is é ní ar ar fanadh againn what has been decided on by us, Maguires of F. § 17 .

Here may be placed the use of oc after vbs. of learning, hearing, etc. (strictly local): ros-fóglaim ocumm nu [leg. mu?] gnímu-sa, PH 1790 , cf. 281 . co ccualaidh féin ag an ccleirech an fís sin `from the cleric's mouth', RC xxv 396 § 13. fear ilchleasach do hoileadh ag Scáthaigh, Keat. Poems 527.

rothmol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rothmol or dil.ie/35593

Forms: rothmual, rothmol, rothnuall, rothnuall, rothnuall, rathnuall, rathnuaill

n o, m. (compd. of roth and 1 mol), also later in the corrupt forms rothmual (acc. to Zimmer ZCP i 100 a conflation of rothmol and roth buale, in acc. generally r.¤ mbuale) and rothnuall.

(a) literally the wheel of a water-mill (roth being the horizontal wheel, mol the vertical shaft: amal bis rothmol for luth | tria bithu for bith-imputh, SR 199 (describing rotation of the seventh heaven).

(b) a rapid whirling movement, gyration , ascribed in Irish heroic saga to warriors, esp. Cuchulainn (to whom all follg. exx. from TBC refer), when labouring under intense excitement; see Zimmer ZCP i 81 fg . and cf. the rotatory feats of the animals in the Imram Maíle Dúin ch. viii ( RC ix 470 , Anecd. i 55 § 40 , § 41 ). Later the literal sense was lost sight of, and the word was used (always with the adj. corcorda, corcra and in the same stereotyped phrase) as a conventional description of a state of anger or excitement. doringni rothmol corcarda de o mulluch co talmain, TBC-LL¹ 1256 , cf. 1370 (rothmól) = rothnuall, St. dorigni rothmúal corcra o mulluch co talmain, TBC-I¹ 1842 ( LU 6356 ) = rothnúall TBC-LL¹ 2496 , St., H 2.17 , rothmhael, Eg. 93 . dorindeadh rothnuall corcra de [o bhonn go bathis], IT ii2 129.187 . ITS i 150.16 (rothnúaill), 86.23 (rónuaill). dorónadh rothnúall corcra óa bhonn góa bherradh dhe (of S. Molaise), Ériu v 76.22 . dorinnedh rothnúall corcra di o bonn goa bathais (of S. Lasair), 105.4 . See also TD 4.2 ; 8.25 .

(c) a scrimmage, mêlée or massacre ? bid Mag Rath o'n rothmal-sa `it shall be called M.R. from this prosperous battle' (?), MR 174.9 (prob. a play on words roth and rath).

(d) in form rothnuall, the name of a bardic metre of which there were several varieties: rothnuall bairdni, IT iii 23.15 ; 91 § 131 . rathnuall bairdne, 14 § 32 , 44 § 58 , 91 § 130 . rathnuaill, 91 § 128 , § 129 . See ib. p. 141 .

seichithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. seichithir or dil.ie/36883

v (a) follows, pursues (lit. and fig.): numsechethse (sequatur me), Thes. ii 245.6 (Cam.). aire sechethar slictu ar fédot, 244.31 (do.). sechitir goa ar saint gl. semper mendaces, Wb. 31b20 . cruth as sechidi bethu et nebmarbtu `how life and immortality are to be pursued', 29d24 . ara sechemmar a bésu som, 2d4 . ara sechitis a thimnae arna ructais i ndóiri, Ml. 125c2 . ní sechetar immurgu ord, 19b11 . as maam roṡechestar arsidetaid `who has most followed antiquity', Sg. 208b15 . attá di ṡeirc la laitnori inna ngrec co seichetar cid a comroireniu, 1a2 . libru Solman sexus, glossed: nó ro siach libru Solman, LU 818 - 19 (ACC). soér sech tuaith . sín inedim .i. soer no saichtís secht tuatha . . . no sechthi hé sechtar na tuatha `the noble one sought the North: . . . a noble whom seven folks used to seek', RC xx 404 § 124 (ACC). seiched fírinni. nos-seichfe, ZCP xi 88 § 7 . sechim iar mo baithis Patraic, Laws i 10.z . bía fónd anim sin coro secha bráth bennachtan fort, LU 6092 (TBC). fochartso erchor fair co sech trít co lluid hi talmain, 10987 . cinset do thorian sechset sech affraic siachtatar hEspain, LL 14b34 . cia forbrid cia sergait in loch sechid si he in cach aisdi dibsin dogres `(the well) imitates it in each change continually', Todd Nenn. 194.6 . ma seitche (ma seichti, mosfechti, v.ll.) dlighidh nó senbés, CCath. 414 . cid . . . ar nach sechend ┐ ar nách inntshamlaigend ind eclais Crist ic timna na himdibe, amal seches isin bathis , PH 5764 . nech atcobra dul for nemh, | . . . | seched rīagail [in]na nāem, ZCP vii 310 § 1 .

(b) remains, continues (?): ind ae rosechastar ina menmain .i. in guth fil isin leathguthaibh no-airised lais fo dheoidh, Auraic. 506 . do sheich sna croid[h]ibh ro chráidh | gráin gach neith badh doiligh dhóibh, DDána 79.17 . do sheich t'áireamh i n-Albain, 99.14 .

Various: sechais (sechis, v.l.) Cormac .uii. cumala andsin on rechtaire exacted (?), IT iii 201 § 77 . sechaidh breth, Laws i 196.7 (`judgment follows'). ? rosre tened .i. am rossir amal tenid no ro seich cucut m'inchrecad amal tenid, LL 187a2 .

? To this: is ben fora sectar (? sic leg.) indliged cach ben cusa tiagar a tāitius, Laws v 456.25 Comm .

1 techt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 techt or dil.ie/40269
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: techta, téicht, teicht, techte, techtae, techta, teachta, teacht, teachta, téacht, teachtain

n ā, f. vn. of 1 téit, later of do-icc, do-tét (see 1 dul, 1 tocht, tíacht, tuidecht). Also techta, Metr. Dinds. iii 232.75 (pl., Gloss.). CRR 36.18 . TBC-LL¹ 4595 . IGT Decl. ex. 1139 . Dán Dé vii 24 . téicht, Thes. ii 296.3 . teicht, 9 . g s. techte, Wb. 13c8 . techtae, Ml. 16c12 . 32c17 . techta, 102c5 . LU 2150 . teachta, TSh. 5287 . teacht, teachta m., IGT Decl. § 95 , § 2 , (? to 2 techt). téacht (: bhréantas), Hackett xvi 6 . teachtain, A. Ó Dálaigh l 14 (see Dinneen ).

I act of going (frequently with prepp.).

(a) t.¤ ┐ tairisem ┐ suide, Ml. 15a1 . oca t.¤ `as he went,' 58c4 . techtae gl. abeundi, 120d17 . t.¤ ar chenn crist, Wb. 25d25 . tect fo smachtu rechto, 19d11 . re t.¤ fo bathis , Tur. 55 . t.¤ doib huili fo recht nimdibi, Ml. 81d5 . ni coir á t.¤ fo culḟiacli (of the Host), Thes. ii 255.18 . t.¤ innar corp for nem, Wb. 15c22 . bás ... du t.¤ forru that they should die, Ml. 139c3 . t.¤ for culu `go backwards,' 129d3 . cuingid techta a doinmigi hi soinmigi `to pass from adversity into prosperity,' 102c5 . re t.¤ i ndoiri, 80d9 . 82c2 . t.¤ isna imratiu, 15a2 . t.¤ hi piana, 94b3 . issí a bríg liumsa a techtae som huaim `their going from me,' 117d4 . muir dar cricha rothriall t.¤ , SR 7767 . a t.¤ úaim that I should lose it, LU 9134 (FB). amal bid do th.¤ secha, IT i 72.14 . fri teacht as ┐ ind `for passing out and in,' Ériu xii 154.z . oc imchossnam techta ar thossaig, LU 8260 (FB). E. ... do th.¤ co bethaid ... na ṅgénti `is perverted to the life ... of the pagans,' PH 6554 . tuidecht ille, t.¤ inond, Fianaig. 32.13 . rot-ba t.¤ tuidecht ar thir, Ériu vii 222.1 . ria techta `before disappearing (?),' Metr. Dinds. iii 232.75 , and Gloss. teacht fa mhúith a muigh neamhdha `to leave ... the Heavenly Plain,' Dán Dé xiv 13 . t.¤ is na manchuib become monks, BCC 262.5 .

(b) act of dying : tussu do th.¤ ar thuus, SR 2040 . fúaratar bás, nar thimm techt `which was no light departing,' Metr. Dinds. iii 68.43 and Gloss. ? nim thi bās for feacht | ro firthar mo theacht, IT iii 54.8 . Cathal ... do th.¤ la Ruaidhri, RC xvii 415.10 = do mharbhadh, AFM ii 918.12 = do thuitim, AU ii 34.21 .

(c) With poss. or foll. gen. (corresponding to the accus. after 1 téit, q.v.) : a t.¤ to cross it (a stream), TBC-LL¹ 1583 . iar t.¤ graidh after entering orders, ZCP xiii 20.22 . Cf. ri t.¤ gráid foir, Wb. 28b32 . irlim do th.¤ martre, 7b5 . 13c8 . Cf. t.¤ im martrai, PH 1810 . do th.¤ slógaid to go on a hosting, SR 6418 . ba samlaid bad chóir a th.¤ (slúagad), TBC-LL¹ 456 . Cf. inna thect `in so going,' Wb. 11b22 . Note also : a t.¤ bas ind that he should die therefor, Trip.² 443.

(d) With co, dochum act of cohabiting with : re t.¤ dochum Bersabae, Ml. 22d17 . t.¤ cosin fer i n-imdaí, IT i 139.13 . adultras ... no t.¤ for coibdeluich `cohabiting with a kinswoman,' Laws i 58.10 Comm.

(e) Gramm. : t.¤ inna geniten in i `the ending of the genitive in -i-,' Sg. 91a1 . ar bá in .is. ba téchte tobarthid do th.¤ , 117a5 . ? Cf. beantur comhfhocal ó thaoibhréim uathaidh ag nach bí taoibhréim iollraidh ga bhfaghthur teachd gaoidheilge, mur tá so : a cCrúachanráith, IGT Introd. 23.19 . as eadh as pearsa lóir ann focal ga mbí teachd gaoidheilge na dhiaigh so `lór,' 27.9 . do dhá phríomhlochd na Gaoidheilge ... mur atá neimhtheachd céille no seirbhe ráidh, 32.7 ; agreement of sense, pronunciation ?

II act of coming : isin técht tánisi `on the second coming,' Wb. 14d3 . bás naill du t.¤ forru, Ml. 139c3 . t.¤ on dithrub | cosin tír, SR 4826 . comartha techta Crist, PH 6821 . dula is teachta don tuile ebb and flow, Dán Dé vii 24 . ní ar cheann teachta tangadar not intending to return (?), TD 24.20 . Cf. do-chuaidh is ní ar ceand techta | ceann eachtra uaibh (of a dead chief), ib. note. teacht go dána síos san troid `to come down bravely into the fight,' Content. xvi 116 . teacht ar faghail d'fhuil M. `to attempt to spoil,' TD 10.11 . ar t.¤ an lae, Stair Erc. 1164 . na Tri Tuatha do t.¤ ina tech submitted to him, Ann. Conn. 1309.2 . See tech. tar éis theacht chum tuigse uilc, Donlevy xv 8 . na neithe adubhradar ... do bheith chum teachda, Acts xxvi 22 . isi forodgart do Fhind a ais do th.¤ foretold his death, Lec. 205a27 . Hence act of growing, growth : tortha na talman uair and ar t.¤ ┐ uair ele gan en raed da t.¤ dibh, Ir. Astr. Tr. 8.8 . beag teacht mo shaorchoille, TD 28.10 .

III With prepp. in special idioms.

(a) With ar : t.¤ ar in cathraig `the city overpowered,' TTr. 943 . curis Ragnall techta da iarraid orra diblinaib ... can techt air not to attack him, Ann. Conn. 1366.11 . Cf. teacht isteach go bhfaighir air that you will take advantage of him, ITS iii (1st. ed.) 210.7 . dar smuain teachta ar a thaisibh `thought of visiting his relics,' Dán Dé iv 26 . teacht oram dá gcluinidh-se if you hear discussion about me, Dánta Gr. 95.5 . na facuilse ara ttú ag teachd, IGT Decl. ex. 766 . See (l) infra. teacht don anam ar th'oineach `that my soul depend on thee,' Dán Dé xxii 21.

(b) With as : ria techta as `ere departing,' Metr. Dinds. iv 216 Mag Findabrach 3 . ní fuláir na úghdarais ceudna do bheith 'san eaglais do ghnáth, do bhrígh nach bhfuil teacht as ina n-éagmhuis aice since it cannot do without them, Eochairsg. 77.13 .

(c) With de a being the result of, caused by : a theacht dar chuir sibh orm d'éad `the consequence of the (charge of) envy of which you accuse me,' Content. v 12 . a th.¤ dim bas d'faghail don te ..., Stair Erc. 2549.

(d) With do : teicht do écaib dying , Thes. ii 296.9 . t.¤ do láim to take food, to go to communion : oc t.¤ do laim `at the communion,' Thes. ii 254.14 . as mitidh a n-anmaim De t.¤ do laim, RC xxvi 374.11 . See Ériu i 48 , Reeves Culdees 84 .

(e) With eter : teacht idir dhá thighearna is damhna doimheanma `to stand between two masters,' Studies 1932, 140 § 1 . dá chéad bliadhan d'fhine Ír | ós chionn Bhanbha ... | gan teacht d'aoinfhear eatorra `no other king in between them,' Content. xxx 26 . Irrus ┐ na dúinte ┐ uí Brecáin ... ┐ cenél Aodha iartarach i gcionn a chéile, gan t.¤ eturru ó'n Léim aniar go Cill mic Duach `without a break,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 134.28 .

(f) With fo : na hairberta móra sin do th.¤ fo laim le C. `taken in hand by Caesar,' CCath. 2389 (taidhecht, v.l.).

(g) With fri opposing, resisting : ni do t.¤ re t'aitesc na re t' (fh)orcongra, BB 239b32 . do theacht re a dtreóir `resisting,' TD 9.41 .

(h) With i, etc. : t.¤ i mmes in choimded `to submit to the judgment of the lord,' Ml. 38d1 . 54b2 . t.¤ immi iar sudiu i rréir nAilella submit it to A.'s decision, LU 8214 (FB). á t.¤ i naicdi `its entrance into structure,' Ml. 31d10 . t.¤ na dhál do dhligh gach duine `to pay court to him,' Studies 1919, 73 § 8 . tug dóibh so gan teacht is-teagh that they did not assume kingship, Content. vi 182 . trí neithe nach foil teacht na négmhais san bhaisdedh three things indispensable in baptism, Ó Héodhusa 190.7. na snadhma fa decra dhó | ar techta a tarbha teasdó, IGT Decl. ex. 1139 . t.¤ i dtír to gain a livelihood, see Gadelica 64 , 301 , Desid. s.v. tír . ? To this : mna ler dhóigh a thecht a ttír | ar echtuibh do chóir an chuain, Rel. Celt. ii 230.9 . an mhallmhuir gan t.¤ i dtráigh the sea recedes not, L. Cl. A. B. 234.86 .

(i) With la agreeing with : a-tá ag teacht lér bhfocal `bearing out my words,' PBocht 22.3 . atá betha C.C., cap. 38 ag t.¤ leis sin agrees with that, Mart. Don. 44.19 . ar dteacht Chormaic le cloinn L. `had joined the race of L.', TD 29.8 . teacht le beagán maoine to be content with , Measgra D. 28.33 .

(j) With ó escaping from : ní mé do thuill teacht ón tigh, Timth. vi (1916) 19 § 10 . ar dteacht ón ré dhocruidh dhi `had come through the time of hardship,' TD 15.37 . do theacht slán ... | ón dreim, 16.43 . Also deviating from, giving up : do theachta ón chóir 'n-ar gcoinne | is eachtra do fhóir inne, DDána 10.26 .

(k) With ós : ag t.¤ os taisib Donnchaidh visiting the remains of D., IGT Decl. ex. 1071.

(l) With tar.

(i) going beyond, passing : oc airmirt techta thairis (of a bridge), LU 2150 (FA). iar t.¤ dar equinoctás celebarthar, PH 3511 . re hÍosa is adhbhar móide | teacht tar tuar na Tríonóide `if we do aught but merit God,' Dán Dé xxv 15.

overlooking, ignoring : fó 'n missi ro bris recht réil | foirb, ri techt dar bfor n-amréir 'or is it I who has broken the clear law on you by ignoring your disobedience?', SR (Greene) 5533 .

(ii) transgressing, violating : teacht tar riaghail Dé, Dán Dé xi 26 . is tearc tharrla ... díobh gan teacht tar tiomna, xii 2 . milis é re dteacht dthairis it is pleasant till it is violated (God's rule), DDána 10.10 . Note also : ní bá íarraid and laóch bas tualaing th'ergaire ┐ t.¤ thorut `overcome thee,' TTr.² 767.

(iii) talking about, discussing : teacht thoraibh `relate of thee,' TD 14.31 . gan mheadhair achd teacht tairse with no merriment, but talk of it (?), DDána 68.8 . t.¤ tort a mbrug banchuiri, IGT Decl. ex. 652 . t.¤ tar sgél in chloideimh-se, SG 252.27 .

(m) With tri a being the result of, caused by : na h-uilc-si do th.¤ trit, PH 7791 . seacht bpeacaidh marbhtha ar meallta | deacair m'anma ag teacht trompa (sic leg.), Dán Dé vii 35 . gur tré Chríosd ... chaithfeas gach ní ... do theacht, Donlevy 444.9 .

t.¤ (i m)mudu see madae.

1 tre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tre or dil.ie/41608
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tri, tre, tri, tre, tré, trí, -i, thr, thrempi, tria, trie, tríd, tríd, trit, trit, tres, tre, tres, tresin, tresind, tresan, trésan, trisin, trissin, triasin, triasand, triasan, tresa, tressa, tres, trisa, trissa, triasa, tresna, trésna, trisna, triasna, trium, tríom, triut, triut, trit-su, treot, treót, thréodsa, thriodsa, tríod, triit, tríit, tríit, triitt, trit, tríd, th-, thrít, thríd, tree, trée, treæ, trea, tre(i)the, -i, trithe, trithi, tríthe, th—, thríthi, thríthe, triunni, tríonn, trín-ne, th-, thrínn, thrín, triib, triuib, tribh, treu, tréu, treo, tréu, tréo, treothu, treotho, treotha, tretho, tretha, trithu, tritha, tríotha, thríotha, trithibh, treamhum, tréamham, treamham, tremut, tromud, tromhat, tre(i)m(h)it, -d, treimheit, treimhid, trempi, troimpi, thrempi, trempu, treampa, treampa, treompo, trompa, triomhtha, tríom, tromham, treamham, tríod, tríot, tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat, tríd, troimhe, treimhe, tríotha, trithe, troimpe, treimpe, troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit, trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn, tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh, tríotha, trompa, treampa, trem, trim, triam, trit, triat, tret, tred, trét, tria, tría, triánn, trea, tr, thre, tré, triana, trena, trina, tréna, treimhid, trīd, triar, trear, tre, trénar, tri, tri, tre, tre, tre, trialaile, trinaroile, trenaroili, trít, tremi-, tris-, tre-

prep. with acc. (later also with dat. Cf. tri suidib, Ml. 56b15 ), leniting (see GOI § 856 ). Apart from Ml, tre is the commoner form in the O. Ir. Glosses. tri, however, is frequent in Wb, and is the usual form in Ml (tre, Ml. 16a25 , 96a6 ). It is also found (much less commonly than tre) in Sg. (27a2 , 188a8 , 189b2 , 195b1 , 197b4 , 201b3 , 213b8 ). tré is written with length-mark at Sg. 159a1 , and frequently in the later language. trí (with length-mark) occurs at Wb. 12c34 , Tur. 103 , Acr. 11c5 , Ml. 2d5 , 14c16 , 22b1 , 30a9 , etc. The form in -i is infrequent after the Old Irish period ( tri, Sc.M² 5 , Rosa Angl. 196.23 , ZCP vi 63.12 , 70.8 ). With lenition of t- thr, LU 10606 (cf. thrempi, PH 268 , and the Mod. Ir. forms with pron. suff. infra). The form tria is fairly common in all periods outside the O. Ir. Glosses: Thes. ii 300.9 , 331.4 , Hib. Min. 244 , Laws ii 374.12 , Mon. Tall. 154.4 , IT i 19.37 , PH 7431 , BDD² 1295 , Maund. 57 , and is the usual form in SR (168 , 1926 , 3128 ). trie, IT i 267.24 . The form with pron. suff. 3 s. tríd is used as simple prep. in Mod. Ir.: tríd fhear, IGT Introd. 19.5 , trit stól, 23 K 42, 404.19 , trit na scelaib-sin, ZCP vi 72.21 , most usually with article and possessives, see infra. Note also tres gach, DDána 66.1 ; cf. tre gach bhfear .l., tres gach bhfear .c., Bard. Synt. Tr. 3.6 .

With art.: sing. m. and f. tresin, Wb. 20d13 , 30a13 , Sg. 59b18 , 138a1 , 161b1 , 188a26 , 201a2 , BCr. 32a8 , 34c2 , TBFr. 238 , PH 8086 . tresind, Mon. Tall. 141.z . tresan, TBC-LL¹ p. 837 n. 5 , IGT Decl. ex. 1121 . trésan, TSh. 190 , Ó Héodhusa 46.1. trisin, Wb. 5b20 , 10b19 , 12d20 , Tur. 43 , 48 , 55 , 68 , Sg. 209b31 , Ml. 19b11 , 29b8 , 33d13 , 37a22 , etc. trissin, Wb. 12d39 . triasin, SR 7580 , Sc.M² 22.6 , PH 5137 . triasand láim, BDD² 1511 . triasan, ZCP viii 114 § 14 . neut. tresa, Sg. 32a8 , 197b2 . tressa, Wb. 32c20 , tresṅgné `by the species,' Sg. 73b1 . trisa, Wb. 13a10 , Ml. 20a6 , 30d19 , 37b7 . trissa, Wb. 4d33 , Ml. 15a13 , 37d16 , 42c23 , 54c15 , etc. triasa, BDD² 1435.

Note also trit an firt, BColm. 88.2 . tríd an sgéal, Dán Dé xxviii 31 . trit an talmain, Maund. 8.

Plur. tresna, Hib. Min. 445 , PH 4164 , Feis Tighe Chonáin 779 . trésna, Fél. Prol. 44 , TSh. 601 . trisna, Wb. 4a6 , Tur. 65 , Ml. 25b7 , 36c19 , 38d18 , etc. triasna, PH 4657 , BColm. 106.2 .

With pron. suff. 1 s. trium, Wb. 23b30 . tríom, DDána 3.16 . 2 s. triut, Ml. 44c11 , 88a16 , 17 , Sc.M² 9 (tréot, v.l.), Fél. Ep. 438 , IT i 70.14 , Ériu iii 137.55 . triut, LU 3255 . trit-su, PH 2664 . treot, RC xxvii 276.3 . treót, LU 8139 ( FB 10 ). thréodsa .i. thriodsa , O'Cl. tríod, TD 14.20 , DDána 110.47 . 3 s. m. and n. triit, Wb. 1d4 , 2b15 , 8d11 , Ml. 51b10 , Sg. 73b7 , 76b7 , Críth G. 549 , SR 172 , IT i 76.6 . tríit, Ml. 51d1 , Sg. 43a3 , 148b7 . tríit, TBC-LL¹ 1184 . triitt, BColm. 66.12 . trit, Wb. 27c2 , Mon. Tall. 156.10 , PH 7792 , Laws i 44.1 Comm. , Rosa Angl. 40.3 . tríd, DDána 32.35 , Content. vii 15 , TSh. 9831 . With lenited th-: thrít, TBC-LL¹ 3264 . thríd, Ériu ix 165 § 25 , TSh. 10785 . 3 s. f. tree, Wb. 2c4 , 5c17 . trée, Sg. 25b14 . treæ, Ml. 88b15 . trea (trethe, v.l.), BDD² 1231 . tre(i)the, -i, Sc.M² 1 , ZCP viii 104.18 , TBC-LL¹ 1946 , Laws i 144.2 Comm. , 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), tréthi, PH 2385 . trithe, Fél.² lxxvii 29 , Maund. 80 . trithi, Stair Erc. 2493 . tríthe, TBC-LL¹ p. 651 n. 5 , DDána 54.28 . TD 10.25 (condemned in IGT, see citation below). With lenited th—: thríthi, TD 13.8 . thríthe, IGT Decl. ex. 1065 . 1 pl. triunni, Wb. 14c16 , Ml. 129d20 . tríonn, Dán Dé x 9 , DDána 40.17 . trín-ne, 40.28 . With lenited th-: thrínn, Dán Dé xxvii 32 . thrín, Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . 2 pl. triib, Wb. 3b22 . triuib, TTr.² 1766 . tribh, DDána 30.15 , TD 14.37 . 3 pl. treu, Wb. 28c18 , 30c13 , Ml. 42b13 , 42c11 . tréu, 42d2 . treo, Sg. 4b4 , 138a4 , Críth G. 540 , BDD² 1278 (treu, tréu, v.ll.). tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . treothu, SR 327 , 4311 , PH 1216 . treotho, AU i 578.7 . treotha, Laws i 44.10 Comm. tretho, iii 362.22 . tretha, Ériu xii 190.y . trithu, PH 4637 , MR 194.15 . tritha, Marco P. 145 . tríotha, TSh. 8342 . thríotha, A IV 3, 771.x . trithibh, BNnÉ 324.6 .

In Mid. and Mod. Ir. also with infixed -m-, and -o- instead of -e- (infl. of ré n-): 1 s. treamhum, DDána 39.23 . tréamham (: dhéanamh), Ó Bruad. iii 22.5 . treamham .i. thriom, O'Cl. 2 s. tremut, PH 2424 . tromud, YBL 149b7 . tromhat, SG 69.34 . 3 s. m. tre(i)m(h)it, -d, PH 2645 , BColm. 78.23 , Laws v 172.z Comm. , DDána 101.8 (: dtig), AFM iii 128.x , CCath. 3944 . treimheit (: dheit), Content. ix 7 . treimhid .i. trid, O'Cl. 3 s. f. trempi, TTebe 3287 , MR 202.1 . troimpi, IGT Decl. ex. 1124 (treimpi, v.l.). With lenition thrempi, PH 268 . 3 pl. trempu, PH 8155 . treampa, Hugh Roe 94.18 . treampa .i. triotha, O'Cl. treompo, TTebe 1909 . trompa, 24 P 8, 196.y (IGT), Leb. Gab.(i) 104.16 , Lism. L. 4609 . triomhtha, Ó Bruad. ii 190.10 .

The following forms are given for syllabic verse in Bard. Synt. Tr. 7.21 : tríom, tromham, treamham; tríod, tríot tromhad, treamhad, tromhat, treamhat; tríd, troimhe, treimhe; tríotha, l. a ghearradh, trithe, l. a shíneadh, troimpe, treimpe; troimhid, treimhid, troimhit, treimhit ...; trínn, tromhuinn, treamhuinn; tríbh, tromhuibh, treamhaibh; tríotha, trompa, treampa.

With poss. adj.: 1 s. trem, Wb. 17b33 , 23b23 , 30a25 , TBC-LL¹ 3132 , TD 39.2 . trim, Ml. 44b29 , 89a2 , 127a3 . triam, RC vi 176.59 . 2 s. trit, Ml. 62d4 , 87a9 . triat, SR 1484 , 1727 , TBC-I¹ 2811 . tret, Sc.M² 11 (triat, v.l.), DDána 101.8 . tred, TBC-LL¹ p. 617 n. 10 , DDána 56.9 . trét, PH 2599 . 3 s. and pl. tria, Wb. 1b5 , Ml. 37b23 , Sg. 211b5 , Críth G. 214 ; f. Wb. 10a3 ; pl. Wb. 8a14 , Ml. 28d15 , Sg. 3a11 . tría, Ml. 30c5 . triánn drochgnímu, 84c14 . trea, Wb. 29d29 , 33c7 , Hib. Min. 214 ; f. TBFr. 234 (treda, MS.); pl. Wb. 19a12 , 29a7 , Fél. Jan. 4 (tria, v.l.). tr, TTebe 1017 . thre, Ériu i 28.193 . tré a, TSh. 472 . triana, SR 5201 , BDD² 1164 ; f. IT i 125.24 . trena, LU 3292 ; f. DDána 16.6 ; pl. PH. 7056 . trina, Maund. 44 ; pl. TBC-LL¹ 3616 . tréna, TSh. 8343 ; f. Dán Dé xxv 49 ; pl. Studies 1924, 242 § 11 . treimhid a tromaibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 315 n. 2 . trīd a (sic MS.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 , O'Cl. s.v. tré. 1 pl. triar , Ml. 83c11 , 100d14 . trear, Wb. 26a27 . tre ar, DDána 10.5 . trénar, Dán Dé xxv 18 . 2 pl. tri bar, Wb. 9d24 . tri far, Ml. 115b8 . tre bar, Wb. 14c17 , 27a1 . tre far, 23d16 . tre bhar, DDána 95.22 .

With aile: trialaile, Wb. 10a4 . trinaroile, Stair Erc. 2156 . trenaroili, 809 .

With rel.: trisa mbí, Wb. 3d21 . trissa nétatsat, Ml. 57a3 . trisnansoirthae, 124a8 . trisá netar, 126b19 . trisin-damrobae, 126d11 . tresa mbí, Wb. 23b5 . tresindippiat, tresindabia, 25d8 . tressa naithnuigther, Thes. ii 253.12 . tresambed, Mon. Tall. 164.7 . tres-in iumfhoilngither, PH 6250 . trias-a roichet, 5904 . triasradībdad, Cáin Ad. 21 . tríasa n-agailledar, RC xiii 269.13 . tre' tig, PH 7792 . tré dtuillmid, Donlevy 152.12 . tre a bhfuil, DDána 107.6 . tre ar fhás, 10.17 . tré nach faghar, Content. xvi 85 . trina tic, ZCP vi 272 § 11 . trinar marbh se, 279.2 . tríd nar bh'oircheas, DDána 46.1 . thríd nach fuighinn, 25a.4 . tremit ar harced, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

I In local senses.

(a) through . Of countries, territories, etc.: dia luid duaid ... tri glenn iosofád, Ml. 58c4 . rethid ... tré airechtu athluma, | tre buidnib ban ..., | tre cholltib, tre chathracha (of the writer's thoughts), Ériu iii 14 § 3 . do hionnarbadh inn | tre Chlár ... bhFéilim, TD 15.9 . along roads, across bridges, fords, etc.: trisna cemmen i nandais beus gl. hii psalmi graduum dicuntur qua in ascensu Templi canebantur per ea interualla ... `through the steps on which they continued to halt,' Ml. 133b4 . trisna foirthiu ailitherdi gl. peregrina per marmora `through the foreign fords (?),' Tur. 65 . ni bhaoi conair ... act trésan droichet, Hugh Roe 94.18 . triall ... tré bhealach bhriste na cána, TSh. 2589 . Of apertures, doors, etc.: ol in spiurt noib tri giun in fatho, Ml. 74d13 . do aircechain tria ginu na fer fireon, Laws i 16.6 . cethri drolaim ... | asind airc ... | dá drol treothu, SR 4311 . bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar ṁbrúar, BDD² 1295 . tria tholl na comla, ACL iii 308 vi 20 . nos tairnged tria ladraib a choss, TBC-LL¹ 1408 . trit in dorus sin, ZCP vi 284.32 . through the midst of a crowd of people, army, etc.: acht mad treo docoí `except he have gone through them (the enemy)' (note), Críth G. 540 . culu tria neit ... .i. amal teit carpat ... tria chath, ACC 2 . dolen Sir Heront trit in cath e, ZCP vi 69.22 . dol trempa gan airisiumh, AFM vi 2162.x . Of buildings: cóic shéoit i ndul tria thech tria lías, Críth G. 214 . ragaid ... tria choimtig inn rígthaigi (a sword), BDD² 1248 . secht sligeda trethe (of a bruden), Sc.M² 1 . Of garments, shields, etc.: co tregda in fer tria scíath, Críth G. 555 . atconnairc Cu Chulaind ... a gualaind tresin cochull, LU 3788 . ro gonadhsan cach tairsí ┐ treithi ┐ séici (bricht comga), TBC-LL¹ p. 359 n. 7 . Of the body or parts of the body: ? rog[lan]ad són tria deis gl. arcton [dextra tenet] (simile of the four parts of the Cross and the four cardinal points), Tur. 142 . bróenán fola ... | tria thóebán, Fél. Ep. 352 . triam taebh, RC vi 176.59 . triana chend, TBC-LL¹ 1268 . budh iomdha ... tre chneas ... | soighead, TD 16.66 . Of a surface, skin, the earth etc.: cach luib tricc ticc tria thalmain, SR 1926 . nocha bhí clúmh trés an gcreig | nach creid ... dhuid `there is no verdure on the rock but trusts ...,' Dán Dé xxix 26 . Cf. co faisctis a drucht ┐ a uanfadh tremit so that its dew and foam were squeezed from it (of the moon), CCath. 3944.

Various: anadchither tri themel, Wb. 12c12 . ni forcmat óin chomsuidigud trea nuili aimsera `through all their tenses,' Sg. 157b9 . arbeittet bairtni bindi | tri laith linni ainm nAeda `melodious bardisms modulate through pools of liquor the name of Aed,' Thes. ii 295.17 . condelgdar tresna thri grad `it is compared through the three degrees,' Hib. Min. 445 . atracht iarom trena chotlud, LU 3292 , `he arose then out of his sleep,' SCC² 82 . ionmhuin taidhbhse táinig sonn | aréir trem chodladh chugom, TD 39.2 . íar ndul triit after it has leaked (of a cauldron), Críth G. 549 . comhradh leanb ar luaidheadh thrín `all that we uttered was childish talk' (lit. all that was mentioned among us), Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . re dul thríd in going through it (a book), Donlevy iv 11.

(b) Implying mixture, mingling, etc.: imchomarc co naithisib triit `a question with revilings through it,' Ml. 54c13 . snechta tria shín lūades gáeth `through a snowstorm,' Thes. ii 331.4 . fuair Dia ... | domblas aoi tre fhíon arsuidh, Aithd. D. 98.30 . fuaim a sruth ... | tre ghuth ainglidhe a healtan, TD 13.5 . an clúmh ┐ an luaith do chor tréna chéile, TSh. 174 . In phrases corresponding to the Mod. Ir. tré theine on fire: atā trē doiger derg-lasrach donn-ruaide (of a burning wood), ML² 958 . cáer theinntidhe dfaicsin tre lasadh ó mhullach an tighe, ITS xvi 8.28 . fuair a réghlés féin tré choirthir smáil teineadh ┐ tennáil, Ériu v 76.24 .

(c) Personal forms ref. to object of verbs of cutting : co treghdfad in tsleg trithi hī (a pig), Fianaig. 66.12 . gur comraind in imdaig ... trempi co talmain and cut clean through the couch, MR 202.1 . roscris in t-eideth ara druim ┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi cut through the saddle, ZCP vi 70.28 .

(d) 3 s. trít in adverbial phrases. t.¤ sís, anuas, siar throughout: ┐ a n-illradh tríd sís, IGT Decl. § 42.11 . greagh, cert lethan tríd sís as .c. aige, § 45. inann ghabaid [uile] tríd anúas (of nouns declined in same way), § 37 . a lán féinneadh feadh an tighe, | tríd siar `all through the house,' TD 11.17 . t.¤ amach absolutely, completely: aderim gurub é is lan and trit amach `absolute fulness,' Rosa Angl. 40.3 . Note also : ni triit tarsnu toimsideir not diametrically is it measured (the earth), SR 172.

(e) téit tre lit. goes through (of an attack, battle-charge): rachthair thairsiu is tréo, TBC-LL¹ 3448 . docuatarsom foithib ┐ tríthu ┐ tarrsa, D IV 2, 45ra44 . is trithu nach tiaghar, MR 194.15 . violates, breaks (an oath): arna te nech tria lugae, Ml. 36a23 . dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 . Cf. nach ccuirfeadh féin ... trīd a mhionnuibh é (sic leg.), Feis Tighe Chonáin 1705 . ? cid fín bárc do-téised treut (treu, treothu, v.ll.), BDD² 740 (see note).

II In temporal senses.

(a) tri rei ciana `for long times,' Ml. 90d14 . condib tria nuile ṁbethaid ón dano ┐ nib cuit ree `that it should be so through their whole life,' Tur. 71 . do toscelad áiss aescai ... tri bliadni incholnigtheo `through the years of the Incarnation,' Thes. ii 41.24 . isintt urtt chetna biae tre cach oena `(thou) shalt continue under the same rule through each fast,' Mon. Tall. 154.3 . tres-in sechtmain-sea throughout this week, PH 461.

(b) In adverbial phrase tre bithu, tre bith sír, etc., for ever, everlastingly: tre bithu, Fél. Mar. 31 . do gress doib, ... tria bithu coa airfitiud, SR 684 . tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . tria bitha sír, ZCP viii 108.17 . tre bhiotha síor, TD 15.18 . tria bith sir, PH 1938 . tre bhioth síor, TD 13.39 . tria bithu betha, TBC-LL¹ 2704 . tre saeghul na saegal, Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . tré shaoghal na saoghal in saecula saeculorum, TSh. 2052.

III Indicating the medium or attendant circumstances of a communication, action, etc. (in many of the follg. exx. the meaning approximates to that in tre IV infra).

(a) tri insci redi ... duadbat som ... `through speech ...,' Ml. 51c11 . dufornditer ... a ngnimae inna rig sin tri delba ban, 65c16 . tri throp ` figuratively ,' 65b14 . in moltai dogniín se tri bindius ┐ chlais, 136a8 . rosluinter ... tre rangabáil in persan hisin, Sg. 189b2 . doasilbthaer triit som gníim ... do neuch (of the word sui), 209a1 . in tre prois ... roceta int[ṡ]ailim, Hib. Min. 175 . titul do scribend ... tria litrib Ébra, PH 2877 . cennsa ... ┐ 'áilgeni tuicther tres-in snechta is understood by, 3386 . cōic anmand dēc tre blaid mbinn | fil d'anmanaib for Bōïnn, ZCP viii 106.1 . tuic let ... na Tiabanda taetencha i sidh in[a] cathrachaib ... trésna helaib understand by the swans ... the Thebans, TTebe 1233 . coic cetfada ... rotidhnaicedh o Dhia don cinedh doenna ... d'fegad De trompa, Lism. L. 4609 . nolabraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda with a human voice, CCath. 886 . adbeart ... trē bhogāssaigh urlapra ┐ trē dhānacht glōir ... go raghadh, Fl. Earls 50.3 . Note also: ata dedi ara scribhtar in tituil tria derg in red ink, Hib. Min. 241.

(b) Introducing the particular language of a communication: trí ilbélre gl. linguis loquens, Wb. 12c34 . co n-epistlib immdaib ... tria Goedeilg, IT i 19.37 . berla na filed, triasa n-agailledar cach dib a chele, RC xiii 269.13 . bennaighes tre n-a thengaid fein doib-sen, KMMisc. 317.12 .

(c) With abstract noun indicating the attendant circumstances of an action: isber Mói[d]ógc tria ocla móir `in great wrath,' BColm. 74.7 . do sloind tre medhair mhileis `told with sweet gladness,' Ériu iv 116.16 . roboi cinniud tria chombáig `a comrades' covènant,' RC iii 183.7 . adeirid cách liom tré rún | go bhfuil ..., TD 22.20 . "cuin do bhí againn t'éara" | cantar uainn tré aithmhéala, DDána 29.25 . do gluais fein tre mire ┐ tre mormenmain ... roime in anger and haughtiness, L. Chl. S. 4.1 . Cf. adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh trésan déirc to resort to almsgiving, TSh. 190.

(d) Introducing the authorisation of an action, the person or thing invoked, etc.: is tri ísu predchimse, Wb. 1d9 . guidmit-ne ... tu-sa ... tré-t miadamla, PH 2599 . soghuidhe an rí tres an rí tres an ríoghain, DDána 30.27 . do bheannaigh[ea]dur damh tresna déibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 779.

IV Instrumental and causal. These two meanings merge into each other, and in O. Ir. particularly many exx. will bear either interpretation (cf. Fraser, ZCP viii 61 f. ).

(a) Instrum. through, by means of: condagaibtis int ais amprom tria nintleda `through their snares,' Ml. 31c6 . adchotadsam triar saithar, 92c5 . amal is trí accomol nildule conterissedar in domon sic imfolangar oínmolad do dia tri chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 . á híc tria fuil, Wb. 2b11 . ce rudglanta tri bathis , 4a6 . in tan dombeir in dea aithesc tre chomthoud talmaidech, Sg. 162a4 . tre airde ┐ firto, Thes. ii 253.4 . is tre trocuiri ... dotaegar hi cresiniu, Hib. Min. 356 . ro promtha tré martrai, Fél. June 27 . donrat fri saeth tria aslach, SR 1342 . niba hicc deitsiu tre Findio `thou shalt get no cure through Findio,' Mon. Tall. 154.15 . do sarughadh tria firta ┐ mirbaile `overcome by the great signs and miracles,' Laws i 14.19 . tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe (of a pig), Sc.M² 5 . cia ... nách greisfider im dénum maithiusa trias-na mírbulib-sea, PH 4657 . rob ingnadh le cāch a ceird | ... | triasa fa[g] badais crodh cain `whereby they won goodly treasure,' Ériu iv 174 § 9 . co findud slondud trit beos `he discovers the name by this means,' Laws i 44.1 Comm. braighde Ēirenn ... | gabhais tre rīghe is tre nert, ZCP viii 108.22 . foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi ... E. do bith i sith B.L., IT i 129.22 . do fhionnfuinn thríd do threisi `I should learn thy strength by it,' Ériu ix 165 § 25 . dá raibhe ní sa mheasa ... dheallruigheas tréna ghné specie sui, TSh. 8343 . Cf. rohicait a crecha ris dona buaib tremi⃛ ar harced he in the matter of which he had been plundered, Ann. Conn. 1236.12 .

(b) Causal on account of, by reason of (frequent with follg. vn.): combad mou de la dia a serc tri epert dosom adruthreb side indib, Ml. 92c4 . amal dundechutar doinmecha dunni triar pecthu, 111c14 . is tria hiris rambái cach maith, Wb. 2c13 . is hed dotheít de tre ilar na ndáne i nilur na persan `through the multitude of the gifts in the multitude of the persons,' 22a11 . tre thesbaid naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5a5 . cid tre étged rop othar, Críth G. 61 . tré chin drochmna, IT i 75.6 . co n-éigit na haingil co sérb ... tria mar dho-míllset na dáine in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu, PH 7431 . tresna ceōlaib sein ar sein | do creit Grigair in Comdid, ZCP viii 114.18 . is treothu na mortlaidi (faults of a prince), ACL iii 315 § 36 . do chogadh tre chloinn nUisnigh `to avenge,' Aithd. D. 6.31 . tre bheith do shluagh flatha Fáil | re luadh gcatha, TD 4.37 . is glór tré dhlús dighe soin `they (i.e. words) are inspired by hard drinking,' Content. xxv 4 . ba cara do-sam cech oen dib trena athair ┐ tremit fein on his father's account and on his own, Ann. Conn. 1225.6 . adubairt go crochfadh a muinntir uili tre bas in dithrebaig, Maund. 128 . is í cúis uma dtáinig Partholón ... tré mar do mharbh sé a athair `because he had slain his father,' Keat. i 160.74 . na sagairt ghlacas leagáid ... tre ghuidhe orra in return for, on condition of , TSh. 4513 . tángadar teachta ó rígh Laighean ... do thairgsin séad ┐ maoine dhóibh ... ó Laighnibh tré thilleadh don Mhumain tar a n-ais `if they returned,' Keat. iii 3146 . In phrase trít sin therefore: as tridsin do impoatar Ulltaigh ... airsium, RC xviii 268.24 . tríd sin, Keat. ii 654 . treimit sin, Fen. 302.15 . tremit-side, Ann. Conn. 1284.2 . do-icc tre is brought about by, is due to: is triuib tháníc cech n-olc, TTr.² 1766 . na huilc-si do thecht trit, PH 7792 . nó go ndéanann mo chlí cionnta | ní fhéaghann sí a dtiocfa tríd, Dán Dé x 5 . is tromhat táinic lot ... mu ríghisea, SG 69.34 .

In compds. tremi-, tris- with vbs., tre- with nouns and adjj. (often as intensive prefix), see separate articles.

úa, óa, ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úa, óa, ó or dil.ie/42573
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: hau, haue, hauc, hua, hú, úa, óa, hūä, ua, au, aua, hue, hUae, O, hoa, hUa, ua, Ua, , Oa, U, ua, húa, ūë, haui, hu, hú, ú, o, hai, hui, hua, uí, ūï, au, hoi, hui, Í, u, huu, h, uu, Oa, Ó, Ua, hU, U, ua, Ú, Ó, ua, Ó, háu, aui, Ui, Huí, Uí, U, Oi, hu, Ui, Í, hue, Ú, Húu, Úa, Á, hÚ, auu, u, hU, Ou, U, h-Ua, U, Hua, Óe, Óe, Óa, O, Oa, , hUe, huae, huae, u, hU, ó, aui, Uíb, Uib, hUíb, I, uaib, auib, Oai, uib, Oib, hUib, auae, ua, ua, huae, aeu, úa, úa, haue, U, Ui, Uí, Huí, Huí, Ui, Uí, Huí, Ui, auu, Aú, Uu, Úu, Úu, Úu, hÚ, Úu, Úa, Húu, Úu, Ua, Ua, Ua, Óa, Ua, Hua, Úa, Úa, Óa, Óa, Óe, Úa, Óe, nhUib, Huib, nUib, nUib, Uib, nOib, Ib, Uíb, Uib, hUíb, Uíb, .h., O, hU, Ó, Ó, Ó, Í, Ó, Ú, Ó, Ú

n (earlier aue) io, m. (somet. f. see IGT, Decl. § 98 and exx. below):

n s. hau, Sg. 29a10 . haue (hua, hoa, hue, v.l.), Fél. Feb. 8 . hauc (hua, ua, huae, v.l.), ib. Apr. 11 . hua, SR 2754 . 3866 . hú, Trip.² 958 . úa, 2522 . óa, 2533 . hūä, Hail Brigit, § 6 , § 22 . ua, Laws ii 330.16 Comm. PH 4298 . au, AU 646 . aua, 744 . hue, 780 . hUae, 767 . O, 762 . hoa, 795 . hUa, 617 . ua h-, 919 . Ua, TD 34.30 . , TD 34.1 .

a s. Oa (eclip.), AU 948 . (for) U , 1024 . v s m. a ua , TD 22a14 . v s f. a húa , SR 6006 . a ūë , Hail Brigit § 26 (where ūë is a disyllable).

g s. haui (hui, hoe v.l.), Fél. May 16 . hu, SR 3006 , 3110 . hú, Three Historical Poems 202 q. 38a; 206 q. 50b . ú, LL 1403, 17349 . o, Trip.² 3058 . hai, Laws v 512.2 . hui, i 182.26 Comm. hua, ib. 156.29 . uí, LL 147a4 . ūï, Bruchst. i 53 § 117 . au, AU 706 . hoi, 675 . hui, 653 . Í (asp.), TD 28.40 .

d s. u, Laws i 274.10 Comm. (dia) huu , BB 440a21 . h, AU 617 . uu, 810 . Oa, 912 . Ó (asp.), 1038 . Ua, 1012 . hU, 1039 . U, 1053 . ua, TD 6.3 . Ú (asp.), 15.44 . Ó (asp.), 17.30 . ua (eclip.), 21.28 . Ó (eclip.), 31.12 .

n p. háu, Sg. 30b12 . aui, ib. Ui, Trip.² 2117 . Huí, 2147 . Uí (asp.), 2336 . U, Laws v 218.30 Comm. Oi, AU 840 . hu, 769 . Ui, 1037 . Í (asp.), TD 16.52 . (ind) hue , Auraic. 5146 (LL). uea, 5151 .

a p. Ú, Trip.² 2156 , 2205 etc. Húu, 1185 . Úa, 2379 . Á, 1540 . (la) hÚ , 716 . auu, Thes. ii 241.6 (Arm.). auu, AU 742 . u, 589 . hU, 666 . Ou, 849 . U, 743 . (la) h-Ua , 811 .

g p. U, Trip.² 2025 . Hua (eclip.), 2178 . Óe, 2125 . Óe (eclip.), 1915 . Óa (eclip.), 2211 . 1091 . O, AU 740 . Oa n-, 794 . , 881 . hUe, 771 . huae n-, 648 . huae, 646 . u, 644 . hU, 736 . ó (eclip.), TD 8.16 .

d p. aui, Sg. 28a20 . Uíb, Trip.² 2191 . Uib, 2202 . hUíb, 2272 . I, Laws v 264y . uaib, PH 4246.4249 . auib, AU 756 . Oai, 789 . uib, 562 . Oib, 819 . hUib, 913 .

n du. da auae , AU 743 . da ua , 780 . a du. da ua , 776 , da huae , 817 . g du. da aeu , 571 .

A grandson : úa m., IGT, Decl. § 108 . ūa .i. oo ē oldās in mac ┐ in t-athair, ar is tōisechu mac et athair oldās úa, Corm. Y 1277 . haue (gl. nepos), Sg. 29a10 . háui ... aui, 30b12 . do maccaib ┐ auib, 28a20 . haue (hua, ua, huae, v.l.) ... | do Dunlang, Fél. Apr. 11 . m'athair ba húa do Abrám, SR 3302 . Sennar mac Sem ... | hua do Noe mac Lamiach, 2754 . hua Iobe ... | dorinnscan bathis , 7497 . dá mac dec sin ... | Iacoib hui Abaráim, 3006 . Cf. 3110 . gabais hÉrinn hūäe Luirc, Hail Brigit § 6 . hūäe hūäe, ib. § 22 . Dungalach mac Faelgusa | úa Nad Froích fír, Trip.² 2522 = Trip. 214.3 . bá húa Coirpri mallachtai baí inna brú, 958 = Trip. 86.25 . Soergus óa Mail E., 2533 . athair ┐ mac ┐ ua, Laws i 214.5 Comm. mac flatha, ┐ ua araile, ii 330.16 Comm. is anad a mic ┐ a hui for treisi, i 182.26 Comm. im cinaid ... do huai, ib. 156.29 . ni hicca cinaid a mic, nach a hai, v 512.2 . cethruime eneclainne i n-ua, i 274.10 Comm. curub si bes for a mac ┐ for a ua dogres, v 292.3 Comm. ni ren int athair ni sech macu, sech ua grandsons , iv 286.8 . beit a macc ┐ a ua i n-a chomorbus, PH 4298 . millid [flaithius] im a maccaib ┐ im a uaib dia essi, 4246 . bruidhean núa gá dénaimh dhó | méraidh dá úa is dá íarmó, IGT, Decl. ex. 1800 .

A granddaughter : úa f., IGT, Decl. § 98 . cid daas in chaillech ? ól P. ... óa dam-sa sin, ól ind oclach, Trip.² 267 = Trip. 28.19 . ua da hathair, RC xii 237.6 ( LL 136b ). ua do Candí ingen Berrsan, BB 230b21 (YBL however has: is uad Coindi). Derb-áil deg-úa Áeda Oirdnidi, RC xlvii 311 ( LL 141a1 ). Dub Daire úa Tigernaig, Mórthimch. Erenn § 56 (ed. Hogan) . v s. a ūë Bresail maic Dēin, slán seiss, a Brigit co mbūaid !, Hail Brigit § 26 (ūë is a disyllable here. See Wortk. 124 ). a Míchol mer ... | a húa engach Athemas, SR 6006 .

Of a swarm of bees: in baili a nabair 'secht saithe' tall is amlaid rosoich: cetsaithi ┐ a mac ┐ a ua 'the place where it says 'seven swarms' above, it extends thus: the first swarm and its 'son' (i.e. secondary swarm) and its 'grandson' (i.e. tertiary swarm)', Bechbretha 184 (c) ​​​​​.

a male descendant : haue (v.l. hua, hoa, hue) án ind ecis, Fél. Feb. 8 . féil án haui (v.l. hui, hoe) Súanaig, ib. May 16 . haue deochain Odissi (hóa v.l.), Hy. ii 4 . aue Muiredaich ... | ... | aue ..., Thes. ii 295 10 - 11 . Adamnán óa Tínni, Trip.² 3059 = Trip. 256.12 . Ultan mac oí Chonchobair, ib. 3058 = Trip. 256.12 .

a female descendant : banua Í Ruairc bhuig bhronntaigh, | deaghua Í Néill is Í Bhriain Bhreagh 'descendant of lavish, generous Ó Ruairc, this goodly descendant of Ó Néill and of Ó Briain of Breagha', O'Hara 286 § 6​​​ .

a spiritual descendant , e.g. a man ordained by Patrick is P.'s úa : bid limm, ol Pátraic, cena .i. úa dam-sa ┐ duit-siu bías and .i. epscop Coirpre, Trip.² 1942 = Trip. 166.18 . Patraic dano dorat grada for epscop Brugach, conid úa do Patraic asin dúal sin, ib. 1946 = Trip. 166.24 .

In the phr.: gusin nomad nó as far as the 9th generation (see 4 nó): itir clainn ┐ geinelach | cusin nómad n-ó, O'Dav. 547 = gusin nomad no, ACL iii 315 n. 21. 4 .

pn In the formation of sept-names the plural of úa is found folld. by the gen. of the eponym, e.g. Ui Néill, Ui Fidgente. Accord. to Professor Mac Neill these belong to a later fashion of nomenclature than collective-names (see McNeill Pop.-Groups p. 82 seq.). `In the genealogies, but not in general usage, there is a partial revival of sept-names in Ui, probably in the eleventh century, perhaps due to professional familiarity with the early nomenclature.' The eponym can be feminine. e.g. Ui Bairrche, Ui Brigte. Professor MacNeill knows no instance of a sept-name derived from a female ancestor within the documentary period. He thinks that the feminine sept-eponyms had a religious, not a genealogical, import. The follg. exx. are illustrative merely: n p. U Barrche (Oe Barche, v.l.), Thes. ii 307.4 (Fiacc's Hymn). Ui Failge, ib. 344.36-7 (Broccán's Hymn). Uí Chúanach, Trip.² 2336 . Huí Failán ┐ Huí Duib Dáre, Trip.² 2787 = Trip. 234.28 . Ui Tarrorrae, Trip.² 2117 = Trip. 180.21 . Uí Lilaig, Trip.² 2144 = Trip. 182.22 . cf.= Huí Lilaig, Trip.² 2147 . amail atait Ui Ceindselaig, Laws v 218.30 Comm. a p. la auu censelich, Ardm. 11 ( Thes. ii 241.6 ). la Aú Amalgada, Trip.² 1540 . fri Uu Ailello, 1051 . la Úu Censélaig, 2220 , 2260 . la Úu Cremthain, 2251 . la Úu Cúanach, 2320 . la hÚ Dortháin, 716 . for Úu Hercán, 2205 . cu Úa Fidgente, 2379 . itir Húu Mane, 1185 . Úu Néill, 3013 . coro bendach Firu Cúle .i. Úu Segain, 2156 . g p. (i ndesciurt) Ua Censelaig, Thes. ii 341.35 (do rig) Ua Culduib, 347.35 cf. 37 . i crich Ua Néill, 329.38 . Ua Briuin, Trip.² 2025 . Óa nAilello, 1091 . Ua Cremthaind, 2039 . Hua nGarrchon, 2178 . Úa Lilaig, 2151 . Úa Méith, 2114 . 2129 . Óa nErecán, 2211 . Óa Fiachrach, 1597 . Óe Méith, 2125 . Úa Folgi, 2574 . Óe nDarca Chéin, 1915 . d p. hi nhUib Amalgada, Thes. ii 313.46 . a Huib Briuin, ib. 334.39 . i nUib Failge, 329.36 . Cf. 336.42 ; 338.28 . i nUib Garchon, 312.37 . d'Uib Lescain doib, 343.26 . i nOib Muredaig, 342.20 . i n-Ib Conaill Gabra, Laws v 264 y . do Uíb Garrchon, Trip.² 2191 . di Uib Hercán, 2202 . for hUíb Censélaig, 2272 . di Uíb Bresail, 2782 . In Classical Irish, petrified d p. is used for n p., a p. and g p. of sept and territorial names: Foráois na horcra Íbh Eathach, Bardic Miscellany 248 . do loisg tú ... Íbh Ethach, Ériu lxiii 122 . feólfhuil uíbh Néill, Éigse xiii 218 § 29 .

Surnames in Ua commence to be used in the 10th century: Comaltan H. Cleirigh, AU 980.6 .

pn In surname (used as title): .h. Ciardai, AU i 470 z (an. 953) . O Ruairc, ib. 470 y (an. 953) cf. an. 964. o hU Ruairc, ib. 506.1 (an. 998) . n s. Ó Néill, TD 7.6 etc. Aodh ... do ghabháil ríghe ... bliadhain is fiche ina Thigherna, ina Ó Néill, agus secht mbliadhna 'na iarla tar éis Ó Néill do ghairm de, L. Cl. A. B. 38.9 - 10 . Máire, inghean Chuinn Uí Néill dar goireadh Ó Néill i nÉirinn, 53.29 . Cf. 35 . Ó Doma Í Dhomhnaillhnaill, ib. 41.26 . Ó Súillemháin, 39.20 . v s. a Í Dhomhnaill, TD 2.34 . a s. dlighidh ... Ó Néill do chonnmháil an fad as áil leis, L. Cl. A. B. 43.26 . g s. Tighearnus Uí Néill ar Chóigeadh Uladh, 41.2 . gnúis ... Í Néill, TD 7.43 . file Í Dhomhnaill, 3.10 . d s. d'Ó Néill, 8.19 . d'Ú Néill, ib. 36 . d'Ó Dhomhnuill, 15.6 . d'Ú Chonchobhair, ib. 44 . Diarmaid ... 'na Ua Conchubhair nDonn, L. Cl. A. B. 2.16 . Tadhg Óg ... ina Ua Conchubhair Ruadh, ib. 18 .