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abacc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. abacc or dil.ie/19
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. (see Vendr. Lex. and Études Celt. xxiv 185 ) dwarf. In native glossaries derived from 1 ab (cf. Ériu xvi 38.4 cited below and We. afanc beaver), but the exx. do not support the meaning castor (Vendr.). abac .i. ab aband ┐ bac beg; bec bīs i n-aibnib é. Nó becc a á .i. a airde, Corm. Y 83 . a.¤ .i. bec abae, ar is a n-aibnib bit, ut dicitur: Tuatha a.¤ usce uair gluair conanat in gach dail, O'Mulc. 3 . a.¤ .i. bec adbae fobith senbic frith is in boind, O'Curry 123 ( H 3.18, 74 - 5 ) (referring to the story of Senbec, RC vi 182 ; Ériu xiii 26 ). in t-aboc o Rus chaem Chas / noco n-é a taeb as imda .i. fota, LU 1029 (ACC). doluid in t-abac . . ./ . . ./ co romarbsat in abacc / fo a cossaib iar crín-amarc / ó lecht ind abaic-sin síar, Metr. Dinds. i 18.69 . a.¤ Pátraic, Trip.² 1905 . ro tṡillestar sí ar in n-abhacc .i. Cnú deireoil, Acall. 6000 . mar do bemais 'nar lenbaib bliadne nó 'nar n-abhcaibh beca , 5927 v.l. Lecht ind Abaicc (one of the monuments of Tara), LL 3843 (cf. lige). lige in abuic, Todd Nenn. 200.1 . mac Mēin in t-aphac bec aon-dhuine is lugha a ufianaib Ēreann, Feis Tighe Chonáin 255 . abac do fuair Fionn ferda, SG 108.6 . Cronán abhacc ab Cluana mic Nóis, TFrag. 94.9 = Cronán becc, AFM i 296.6 . cruitín no abhac, Levit. xxi 20 . abhac `a dwarf', Eg. Gl. 27 . Associated with luchorpán: doloto(ta)r lucorpain dond rig . . . atgege fergus fair . . . eolas fobarta fo muirib . . . rotbia ar int a.¤ acht aen ar[a]cuillimm airiut loch rudrige, Ériu xvi 38.4 ( Laws i 72.6 .) líntar in port forru do demnaibh i ndealbhuibh abhac ┐ luchrapan, Lism. L. 3776 . nān .i. bec, ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac lucharbán, O'Mulc. 828 .

aimserdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimserdae or dil.ie/1153

 

adj io, iā (aimser) belonging to time, temporal: is cumair ┐ is aimserdai molad na n-ecraibdech gl. laus impiorum brevis est, PH 6061 . in pian amserdha . . . in pian shuthain, LB 279a54 . etargna ind láthair aimserdi, ZCP viii 176.23 . ó na piantuibh aimsiordha dhlighid ar son a ccionta, Mac Aingil 62 . [neithe] tiomperálta nó aimsiortha, Párl. na mB. 742 . mar chríochnuigheas . . . a bheatha san réim aimseardha so, TSh. 7636 . As adv.: cionnas do coimpredh go haimsiorrdha é (i.e. an Mac), mā tá sīordhaidhe?, Parrth. Anma 1381 . oibrigthe na trocuiri . . . co spiridalta ┐ go haimserdha spiritual and temporal, BCC 446.25 . an gluasacht sin da beth co haimserda `that that motion occurs at regular intervals', Ir. Astr. Tr. 58.x . i n-ar thomail biadh ┐ deoch go meinic aimserrdha periodically , Fl. Earls 152.14 .

In rhet.: beca berthair ith amserdaib dith slabrae slab comdetae, LL 13863 .

2 airbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 airbe or dil.ie/1610
Last Revised: 2013

 

n name of some type of literary composition: `airbhe' is ` fáth' da ainm d'aisde, Metr. Gl. 29 § 52 . mina.¤ cerd .i. aisteda beca , LL 187b19 ( RC xxvi 24 § 83 ). airbhe .i. ainm aisde, O'Cl. Cf. muc(c)airbe.

airchetal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchetal or dil.ie/1707
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aircetal

o, n. Freq. also aircetal. For delenition of -rch- see Ériu xxxii 81 . Later m. Vn. of ar-cain. (a) metrical composition, poem; poetry: bailir .i. urcetal, Goid. 78 § 202 (Dúil Laithne). iomchomurcar dath ┐ tothacht . . . in gach airchedol, Ériu xiii 14.z . dlegar do cach filid nemdiubairtce aircedail, Laws v 458.24 . ro facaib [Patraic] acu . . . genelaige fer nErenn, aisti cach aircedail ┐ duili sluinnti, Laws i 44.19 Comm. asi sin in bo dochuindgeas ar is bithblicht in t-aircetal, Anecd. i 50.13 . a.¤ doroindi seom do D. . . . airg . . . co n-[a]irchedal do rig Erenn, Anecd. i 8.8 ( SCano 234 ). fri snádud neich dothíssad co n-airchetul, LU 5081 (TBC). is dorcha a fidrad inn airchedail the interpretation of the poetry is obscure, Ériu v 32.7 . raind espai ┐ airchetail `idle staves and songs', RC xiv 418 § 35 ( LL 12833 ). buár suád .i. airchetla beca ara tabraiter bae do suid, xxvi 22 § 66 and n. ( LL 187a33 ). et doriṅgni in gló[ṡ]náthi airchetail seo iarsin, TFerbe 99 . d'immbud ēcnai ┐ eōlais ┐ aircetail, MacCongl. 21.17 . istu[d]loc toghaidhi do ecna Dé ┐ día a.¤ amail Pól apstal, BColm. 104.26 . saoi . . . hi senchus ┐ hi filidheacht ┐ i n-airchetal, AFM ii 870.9 . is don chanaid sin atá in t-arcetal sa, Fen. 194.5 . In sense of tairchetal: ro aisneidh doib uili aircetla in catha catharda, CCath. 1062 . Perh. name of a class of metres (descr. as having trisyllabic line-endings): do aistib ind aircetail i coitchinn indso, IT iii 67 . trethsillabach in t-a.¤ , 105 § 208 . See p. 127. toimsiter aisti inn aircetail fri haltaib na ndaeni, Auraic. 1509 . Name of a type of satire: cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisnes ┐ ail ┐ aircetal, BB 299a6 (= Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). aircetal aíre dano ataait .x. fodla fair-side, 25 (ib.). do labhair an Tighearna ar tus i ngach uile aircheatal trid na faidhibh teaching, ITS xxix 166.11 . (b) ability to compose poetry : in fili nád ḟrithgnai, ┐biid airchetal oca … mani bé airchetal la mac ind ḟiled 'the poet who does not attend a course of study, and has ability in poetry … if the son of the poet does not have ability in poetry' UR 106 § 8 . eter frithgnum ┐ airchetal 'both with regard to having pursued a course of study and having ability in poetry' 106 § 10 . fer lasa mbí airchetal n-án ┐ filedacht án 'a man who has splendid poetry, and splendid poetic standing' 114 § 22 .

As n. pr. maic Ollaman Airchetail, Anecd. ii 47.18 .

anfolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfolad or dil.ie/3585

 

Forms: anfolta

adj (folud). Predominantly in pl. (anfolaid, anfolta). Later (in sense II) with sg. anfola as dental stem (cf. 2 fola).

I Legal. Lit. bad `folud' (see Thurn. ZCP xiv 374 ). Always of improper conduct or behaviour by one party to a contract, settlement, etc. In Laws and Plummer MS notes translated disqualification , by Thurneysen schlechtes Gehaben, etc.: da ndernu in flaith indligedh marbtha res in cele is dilus do . . . imsgar res tre anfoltuib flatha i.e. if the lord commits a murder which injures the client the latter may withdraw from his relationship with him, Laws ii 274.9 Comm. tria anbfoltaibh flatha (of a lord who brings a larger retinue to the house of a tenant than he is entitled to), 232.8 Comm. imscarad imtoga . . . cen anfolta nechtar da lina i.e. a separation by mutual choice of `flaith' and `céile' without either being guilty of wrong conduct, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312 ). imscarad do-tluigi(g)t[h]er flaith fri aigillni na bit anfolaid in ceili gaibter ann i.e. a separation which the `flaith' wishes but not because of any misconduct on the part of the `céile', 385 § 50 (ib. 316 ). imscarad fri hanmolta (leg. anfolta, Ed.) aicgillne mad anfoltach in cele frisin flaith, 387 § 53 (ib. 324 ). imscarad fri anfolta flatha, 387 § 52 (ib. 322 ). bit dono anfolaid beca and cheana na tuillet anisin, 388 § 53 . imscarad contethgatar anfolaid cechtar da lina an am inda-frecrat anfolaid fo cutruma separation due to bad conduct on both sides, 388 § 54 (ib. 326 ). cach innurbut anfoluid every (woman ?) whom bad conduct causes to be repudiated, Laws iii 60.17 . atait secht n-anfolaid fofuaslaicet udhburta in domain i.e. there are seven actions (repugnant to a church) by which one may nullify one's gifts (of land to a church), v 128.13 . tir aduberar do eaclais ar anmain, nad oide folta ata coire fri hubairt (text) .i. . . . ni dona anfoltaib fofuaslaicet udbarta in domain uil ann aice, 430.11 Comm. na nai ngrada deidinach so . . . ni caemtheta dire . . . na hanfolta, iv 352.9 . anfoladh ┐ docerd ┐ anendge (oppd. to airilliudh ┐ indrucus ┐ endce), 344.15 . Note also: ca coma iarrái ar mac micc in rigfeinded? . . . Gan mo léicen . . . nóco tí m'anfalta fein rium till I give reason through my own deficiencies (of a betrothal), Acall. 5700 . Cf. II (c).

II General.

(a) injury, wrong, injustice (where a poss. precedes this has objective force): ba anfola ┐ ba immarcraid ┐ ba écóir a cartad a purt, LL 220a18 ( TTr. 216 ). is forrán fích rabar foglúais ┐ iss anfola immarcraid, 238b18 (ib. 1612 ). i n-a fích immarcraid ┐ i n-a anfolaid anfóill, 222a43 (ib. 377 ). imda ar n-anfala na tig / ic clannaib Labrada Longsich many the injuries done to us(?), 6982 . do cuimnigh a egóir ┐ a anfolaid `his wrongs and injuries', Celt. Rev. iv 14.18 . ? marb an rí . . . / d'fuillídhain is d'anḟalaigh, Acall. 1203 v.l.

Very common with verbs of avenging, pardoning, etc.: acc aithe a ndímiadha a n-anffaladh ┐ a n-aincridhe, AFM v 1614.23 . d'aithe a anffoladh ar a eassccairdibh, vi 2146.15 . fear aithe a anfhalta, MR 262.12 . cen a ancraide ┐ can a anfolaid do dígail, LL 227b10 ( TTr. 761 ). do ḟogail a n-anfolaid for Troiannu, LL 231b49 (`illgotten wealth', TTr. 1081 ). aicsiu cach ríg . . . d'iarraid a n-a.¤ for Troianaib, 232b41 ( 1156 ). díghēlum a[r] n-anfolta fuirri, Fianaig. 54.28 . mana ica-sa t'anfholta no t'anfiacha, MR 264.3 . nír maithset meic E. a n-anbfala do'n céd ruathar, 244.3 .

Hence (b) resentment, grievance, grudge, feud, enmity: ros cuimnigset a n-anfalaid bunaid do chlannaib N., LB 119b32 = BB 18b3 . cor-morad tra cocad ┐ anḟolta iarum i cend cloinde N., LB 119b36 = BB 18b6 . rochumnig cách a anfolaid dia cheli, TFerbe 395 . mé do mharbhadh an mhoghadh / a Dhé an adhbhar anfholadh ? `is this a ground for enmity?', Studies 1924, 242 § 10 . Perh. also: adhnoidh a fhíoch dh'anfholtoibh / críoch fhaghloidh go n-adhantair `in fits of fury', O'Hara 189 . do tabairt córach do M. ina agarthaib ┐ ina anfhaltaib to give M. satisfaction in the matter of his . . . grievances(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.26 .

(c) crime, offence, sin: ciaptar imda a n-anfolaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.66 . ar n-a dhiochar tre n-a analtoibh féin a h-Alban, ITS v 26.26 . D. do marbadh . . . tria a anfoltaibh ┐ tria chiontaibh féin, AFM ii 1138.2 . banaltra Dē . . . m'anḟalta lē lēiccfidher my sins will be forgiven for her sake(?), ZCP xii 380.5 . gur bháidh uile ar n-anfholta `till it overwhelmed our sins', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 2 .

Note also: in da oll-broinig . . . anfalaidh, MR 222.20 .

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SCC 47 ). ard-luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, 2 airdrech.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , Stair Erc. 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), MacCongl. 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Metr. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Proverbs vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Angl. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth G. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Metr. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, AFM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. B. 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', Études Celt. i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donlevy 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath-trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed backwards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Joshua iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Metr. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges ... à H. Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal ( ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illustrate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, Études Celt. i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'Curry 1063 ( H 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'D. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'D. 542 ( H 3.17, 434 ). O'Curry 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Metr. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iarthair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, AFM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', MacCongl. 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. F. i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ardgail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: airdgníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'Curry 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth G. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, AFM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, AFM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : techtiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . gurab eissan ardriaghlaightheoir nimhe & talmhan e, Adtimchiol 27b11 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge, SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' Études Celt. xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezekiel xvi 50 . ¤érmach, éirmech: an agh fholuaimneach ard-érmeach, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 27.22 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-menmnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SCC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which increased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid ir: ro hoiled ┐ ro hardleasaidhedh í (of Mary), Ev.Inf. (LFF) 171 § 24 . ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Metr. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

bág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bág or dil.ie/5152
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -aib

n ā, f. Perh. not orig. distinct from báid, q.v. for reff. to IGT Decl.; ascription of certain exx. doubtful.

(a) boast, threat, promise, undertaking, declaration: bagh .i. geall—ut est do bert . . . bagha . . . for sluaigeadh, Thr. Ir. Gl. 58 s.v. barr. baghi (sic). .i. gnim [ut est] baghas ar mbagha finda, O'Dav. 324. bagh .i. briathar, O'Cl. bag ┐ maidhem a threat (to inflict an injury) and a boasting (of injury inflicted), O'Curry 2422 ( Eg. 88, 33b ). bagh .i. ria ndenam chinaidh .i. an bagh re séd sundradach a specific threat (?), ibid. Cf. 2571 . Cf. maidhem iar ndenam cina, 2424 (33c). faisneis fir iar mbagha esamna .i. iar mbagha dó do dén olc frit ┐ adeir go lasamail, do den olc. Ocus is de ata, `ni bera fiacha fear bagha lasaman,' 2595 (50e). rom-ṡóerae, á Íssu,/ ar écnairc do báge, Fél. Ep. 490 (: pláge). ar na ructha do bag it cend that your boasting might not be turned against you, LU 8990. ar ngníma ropsat mára/ar mbága rapsat beca , Ériu i 72 § 4 ( LL 29430 ). ro bruiset baig ┐ brethir i cend demuin, LL 364 marg. sup. na briss brethir [na briss] baíg, TBC-LL¹ 3509. eipstil co mbágaib ┐ tómthaib ┐ ironaib innti, Alex. 782. Cf. PH 1131. borrfad is báig, SG 65.13 . cidat mora bar mbága frimsa . . . ni chumaic nech uaib ni dam, LB 115a32 . nó maided for hUltaib. . . . Nī collad bāg hi suidiu (i.e. the undertaking was fulfilled), ZCP viii 319.8 (Laud Gen.). ní ba bréc in bágh it will be no idle boast, SG 88.2 . do regra na bagi sin to answer that challenge, Cog. 74.23 . cend mic Conaing ina láimh, / do bháigh for ionchaibh mic Taidhg, AFM i 504.z (`to exhibit it before the face of'). anat for mbriatra bági boastful words, LU 8425 ( FB 29 , rhet.). ? sgiath an bhádha mar do bhual, Aithd. D. 63.23 (`the shield of His love'). ? ba b.¤ ám dait-siu ga (= cía) dobertha do greimm catha gan díchill lind i[n]diu (Medb to Fergus), TBC-LL¹ 5942 = ba coir duit-si, TBC St. 4812. ba bāg dōibsom an toitim oc tesorcain a n-eiti, TBC-I¹ 3435. Cf. ba slúagad baga (buadha, v.l.) dó in sluagad a hosting in fulfilment of an undertaking, TBC-LL¹ 463.

As vn. E. oc báig mo marbtha frim threatening to kill me, RC xiii 377.10 . inn ingen asatái oc báig boasting , TBC-LL¹ 3497. do chualaigh . . . na fineadha ag báidh dá bhuandhíochur threatening to expel him, ML 80.22 . bátar occ báigh ┐ acc baccar dul do indradh Tíre Conaill, AFM v 1812.4 .

(b) fight, contest, striving; act of contending, etc.: comrama et baga Poil `P.'s conflicts and battles' gl. bonum certamen certaui, cursum consummaui, Wb. 30d12 . bid adas far mbáich, 5d35 (`proportionate to your struggle', GOI § 249.5 ). a sgel nglan / di bagaib Dhe `contests', Blathm. 93. rugais mac friom baigh to contend on my behalf (?), 156 (`of whom I vaunt'). robūi oc bāid fri Conchobar, Ériu ii 26 § 7. fri báig is búnad prímda `for battle he is a pre-eminent stock', Thes. ii 295.14 . ciṅg báge, Fél. July 24 . bagh .i. cath, O'Cl. ni comtig beó da mbágaib, TBC-LL¹ 4390. nonbur 'sa mb.¤ ri Bregmag, Metr. Dinds. iv 340.6 . oen tarb . . . rempu / . . . / oca mbáig ar búaraib defending (?), 70.27 . fri (= frim, TBC-I¹ 1212 ) baga berai fri náimtiu ascada cen claideb fa allud, LU 5686 (rhet.). a cléth bága fría naimtiu, TTr.² 1621. fer bagha ┐ buancosanta Lethi Cuind, RC xviii 285.6 (Tig.). ar bid tresi ar mbagi anāit baga Foraind, BB 240a18 . buadugad cacha bágha, MR 258.23 . déd ban ┐ bel corcra / dán trén bágh an banntrochta, Prolegomena 45 § 25 . báigh 'na n-aighidh to fight them, Aithd. D. 33.16 . gabhaidh báigh gach aoinfhear undertakes battle (?), 38.23 . i nDruim Ríg . . ./ luid b.¤ for macc nDomnaill the fight went against, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13. is maith chosnaidh a Briain do báidh, Cog. 78.5 . Cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 111.3 . Aithd. D. 39.6 . báidh d'eas nó d'aol do d'fhaoilinn / red chnes chaoilshlim competes (in whiteness) with (the foam of) the waterfall, L. Cl. A. B. 216.35 . iarna luathletradh . . . do bagaid (leg. -aib) bidbad, ZCP xxx 69.1368 ( LL 408az ).

lá bága day of battle; a day's fighting: sind ló baga sa, TBC-LL¹ 444. as usa limsa aisg d'fulang na gan cungnam le mo cairdib is in lo bágha sa aniu, MR 284.23 . naoimh . . . an bheatha / . . . / go dteagaid linn i lá bágha, DDána 25A. 31 . do thabairt a lai bágha lea bunadh ceineoil, MR 284.17 . thugais linn do lá bágha you fought on our side for a day, DDána 30.16 . Cf. fri huair ṁbáge the threatened hour (?), the day of conflict (?), SR 5115.

With various verbs: slúag romaith ind rígsa / lasa tá mo bágsa `along with whom is my fight', Fél. Ep. 162. lámh oirbheartach ré mbí ar mbágh, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 4. bágim báig for Laignechaib, LL 6343. na fer báig a Fergus ar buaib sceó mnáib Ulad, LU 6623 (rhet.). na fer baig . . . dit díth claidib, 5429 (rhet.). ni math d'ferus baíg / darochar a Chú (Fer Diad speaks), TBC-LL¹ 3962. a Ḟlaind . . . / nocho lind beri do báig, LL 7531. in oen-ḟecht dobertis a mbaig, CRR 57. cet cia théis fri báig, Fél. 4.14 . fuair a dochar dol re mbaigh (leg. baigh), Anecd. ii 39 Poem 23 § 3 . doconnarc-sa F. ag slaidhe slúagh ar ar bris báigh, Fianaig. 80.22 . do-ní in fer ´s a síd so | báig im a rígaib rompa `boasts (or `contends´) about its kings´ Celtica xix 40 § 2 .

(c) warlike qualities (?), boldness: at mathi . . . Fir Breg . . . im blad im báig im cridechairi, LU 4267. bar mbaid ┐ [b]ar mbeodacht fen, TTebe 2710 . eter . . . gráin ┐ báig ┐ chostud, TBC-LL¹ 5172.

? nach b.¤ forsa torchair / mo menmae múad medrach `battle,' Fél. Ep. 361 (promise ?). nir ba h-aitherrach báigi na bisig, MR 314.23 . do bhrígh a báigh / le mnáibh síl gCuinn contending (in generosity) (?), L. Cl. A. B. 236. 143 . deochain bunaid baga, Gorm. Jan. 23 (`warlike'). Petrus co mbaig mbunaid, Acr. 27 (`blessing').

Freq. in chevilles: brígach b.¤ , LU 4135. oen-ri bethad bag cach noib, Rawl. 84b37 . bāig go mbloidh, ZCP viii 114 § 15. ní baid briathrach, BB 273b30 (= bágh, LL). Cf. MR 264.6 . báigh briathar, Aithd. D. 8.22 .

In n.pr. Cú Bage, LL 322f1 .

Compds. With noun: M. bagfer, Gorm. March 31. teichis . . a nertaib bághfear as hard as he could go, RC ix 470.x (ICM). With adj.: co lathe brātha bāgmōir, ZCP iii 18.20 .

bán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bán or dil.ie/5318
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bainithir

adj o, ā

I

(a) white, fair, bright; pure, holy, blessed; of a page, blank: dichennadh Ioain Babtaist bain `pure', Blathm. 247. tara ngnúissi bána (of the saints), Fél. Ep. 339. in grían b.¤ ban Muman / Íte, Jan. 15. timpān .i. tim .i. sail ┐ bān .i. umae bīs inti, Corm. Y 1258 (whence: ban .i. umha, O'Cl.). scíath brec . . . bil b.¤ findruini, LU 8602 ( FB 45 ). braen bat[h]is báin, 2998 (H). co lá brátha báin, 348 . an biadh ban `the white food', Leb. Gab.(i) 46.19 (= good food i.e. milk, etc.?). gabus Eba in t-ubull b.¤ fair, Ériu iv 114 § 10. co tarla a dī bond bána fair so that he fell dead with upturned soles, MU² 988 (cf. bánaigid). libair bána leisa ngabar salmthrátha, SG 52.2 . uch a lám, / ar' scribis do memrum b.¤ , ZCP ii 225.1 . na Bóinne báine, Keat. Poems 432. i mbruighnibh bána in white halls, Hackett xl 266 . ? In pejorative sense: a bachlaig bāin, Bruchst. i 27 § 59 (`blutleerer'). tuata b.¤ `a boorish clown', Ó Bruad. ii 14.z . In n. loc. Benn b.¤ in retha, Acall. 5637. In verse freq. as epithet of blíadain: o gein Crist co bliadain ṁbáin (= this year), LL 15430. arim trí ṅdéich ṁbliadan ṁb.¤ , MacCarthy 180 § 6 . Compar. ba baine (bainithir, v.l.) linscoit lenead arna langlanad, TTebe 480 .

In phr., bélre (bérla) b.¤ , see biait.

(b) pale; of a fight etc., bloodless: b.¤ gl. ex[s]anguis, Sg. 67a19 . ni ban re ndol fri croich `unbloody', Blathm. 234. nidat bána mo chrechtasa, LU 7991 (BDD). beóil bána, TBC-LL¹ 4104. i ndáil bain báis, LL 19352. ina ḟanntassib bána, LB 154b59 . ba bana buadirthi na Greic uili ri heicin na hitad sin, TTebe 1776 . senoir etlaidhe b.¤ . . . gan fuil, gan feoil, BNnÉ 77 § 145 . is b.¤ in gleó sa, TBC-LL¹ 4585.

(c) Of land, etc. untilled, waste, unoccupied: rannchuid di bān ga[n] aittreabadh nō inotacht (of a city), Fl. Earls 70.y . tré fhearann b.¤ fásuigh, Jeremiah ii 6.

II As subst.

(a) fair one; blameless one; of a page, blank space: D. deich ṁbliadna don b.¤ , LL 4379. mochean do'n bh.¤ nach can brég (of Molaise), SG 29.18 . an b.¤-sa a ndeiread na duilleoigi, TTebe xv § 2 . féch féin in beg nó in mór in b.¤ so `this blank space' (in a MS.), O'Gr. Cat. 110.z.

(b) untilled land, lea: thógfadh an spád ┐ rómharfadh an b.¤ , Hard. i 272.10 . pn In placename: B. Leathan, O'Don. Suppl. Cf. bánta.

(c) Expld. as truth: `ban' is `binne,' anmonna íad d'ḟírinne, Metr. Gl. 27 § 34 (perh. arising out of some gloss on bélre b.¤ ). Whence probably: ban .i. fírinne, O'Cl. ban .i. fir, Lec. Gl. 174. Stowe Gl. 238.

? ba b.¤ ar bruid, Metr. Dinds. iv 178.11 (`it was "a white page for a blot"'). ? cíarb éicess Nár cosin neim / dofuc co b.¤ in ben-sin `brought him to pale death', 8 .

Compds. Usu. with meaning white, bright, pale; bloodless ; somet. weakening the implication of the compounded word and contrasted with derg used as intensive prefix (cf. subrufa, mar bhánór. rufa, mar dergór. Subrubea, mar bhanchroch. rubea mar dergchroch. Subrubicunda, mar fhuil uisgeamail no bhanlasair. rubicunda mar fhuil dhegdha(a)tha no dearglasair, 23 K 42 , 162.12 ff.). With nouns: ben chain bánainech, TBC-LL¹ 4314. brettnas bánargait, 5426 . a mbleidedha banóir ┐ banairgid, Acall. 405. reacht bánbathisi `purifying baptism's law', O'Gr. Cat. 100.7. ó bas co banbem a blow which does not draw blood, Cóic Con. 41 § 60. nocha bánbhéim acht cneadh chinn no light misfortune, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.175 . ? ní bán-bhreath (sic leg.) a lenient judgment (?), Leb. Cert. 104.8 . (= ní hainbreath, Leb. Cert.² 745 ). Bóand bánbronnat `white bellied', Metr. Dinds. iii 34.16 . ro ir dom . . . .x. mbanchaimsa (.i. léne beca nó nulam), Ériu ii 5.4 . airitiu ind nóib Ióib / iar ṁbúaid ┐ bánchath (: márrath), Fél. June 8 (.i. nirbo dergmartra rofucc). ? bancloth briugad for tuatha do erdidbud, Laws i 232.2 . ní seagur comtús tar condeilg mbreitheman banclotha tuath .i. ni coir do dul co breithemh eile sech in fírbreithemh bís isin tuaith of fair renown, O'D. 764 (H. 3.17, 549). Banchomrag Ferghusa, TBC-LL¹ p. 418 n.2 . ban(n)esorgain nat faccaib cnoc `white (bloodless) mayhem', Bretha 24 (glossed .i. banbeim, see p. 59). Bandha na mbánḟoithreadh `fair forests', TD 16.1 . Bángleo Rochada (the name of one incident of the Táin), TBC-LL¹ 4555. an béal arna bhán-ghormadh `growing wan, pale-blue' (Gloss.), TSh. 1093. bánlann óir fria hedan, Acall. 3895 v.l. (niamlann d'ór buidhe . . ., text). coic bliadna os cach banleittir, Rawl. 164b28 . . . . an bánmaidhm sin cen go ro fuiligheadh nó go ro fordhearccadh for neach etorra, AFM v 1362.6 . báanmartre ┐ glasmartre ┐ dercmartre, Thes. ii 246.30 cf. BCC 432.37 (§ 391) . issí in bánmartre du duiniu intain scaras ar Dea fri cach réet caris, 247.1 (Cambr.). cond bo buachaill i mbansoillsi, Laws iv 96.23 . bánsuile mora a n-iarthar cind in bathlaig, Acall. 1871 v.l. co ṁbántlacht `with white raiment', Fél. Ep. 331 (cot banlucht, v.l.). cloch is cosmail re banumha `electrum', Celtica ii 84.474 .

With adjj.: doghabh a sciath . . . mbancorcra, Ériu iii 170 § 28 . inneoch narbtar banglasa dib robtar dubglasa (of the sacrificial entrails), CCath. 966. do indrechtānu bó bánméthi, MacCongl. 89.27 . borbdam banodhur, IT iii 87 § 99.

With adjj. derived from nouns: i gcrích mhín bhánacraigh Bhreagh, DDána 118.3 . cléirech bánaightheach brightfaced, SG 30.y . o Boind bind banbruthaig, LL 1027.

With vb.: saoirfhear . . . / dar báinghealadh toradh is meas míon Mhumhan was whitened, ripened, Aithd. D. 4.7 .

banb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. banb or dil.ie/5330

 

Forms: bainmh

n o, m. young pig: trét mucc . . . gegnaitsom b.¤ bec díb, LU 1742 (ICM). in b.¤ samna (the pig eaten at Samhain), O'Dav. 978. bainb beca , Laws i 190.16 Comm. crud .i. na laegh, ┐ na mbanabh, ii 366.25 Comm. ceithri maim cach bainb; . . . is lugu forsna banbu, iv 98.20 , 23 Comm. bainmh, 21 Comm. crain fhind co xxx b.¤ aici, Aen. 1805. In nn. loc. i nDaire Bainb i n-oirther Bladhma, Sc.M² 23. Druim Bainb, LL 27430. epscoip . . . Cluana Bainb, Gorm. March 4.

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

bech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bech or dil.ie/5523
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: beach

n o, m., also [ā], f. See Gleasure, Ériu xxiv 186 ff. beach m., IGT Decl. § 171. f., § 39 . See Wagner, KZ 76.81 f. and Hamp, Ériu xxii 184 f. on orig. form and reflex in mod. dialects. bee: b.¤ gl. apes, Sg. 47a11 . síl ṁbúadach ṁb.¤ n-Erenn, Fél. Feb. 13. timthirecht b.¤ the to and fro of bees, BDD² 1169. cobair mb.¤ ┐ bu i noibiull (tasks exempted from the law of Sunday), LB 204b48 , cf. dol a ndiaid mbeuch no bóu a n-aibiull, Anecd. iii 22.8 . cen fhoche, cen chernuban, acht beich duillebhair Temhrach (during the sovereignty of Conn), Airne F. 343. nī rī arm acht arm bec beich the bee's little sting, Measgra Uí Chl. 149 § 18. Freq. in Laws, see in particular the tract entitled Bechbretha, Laws iv 162 - 202 . do tigerna in beich `by the owner of the bee', iii 434.5 Comm. cin b.¤ `injuries in the case of bees', 432.13 . tairgille ar bechaib the t. for bees (of security against damage committed by bees), iv 162.1 . foloingatsom beochu co cend mbliadna aithirruch, 172.15 . cetna breth . . . im chinta b.¤ for Conall (sic leg.) Caech caechsite beich (sic leg.), 178.13 . ili bethamain .i. beich, RC xxvi 34.3 and note. lut[h] b.¤ .i. sail sin ar a blath ┐ ar a canach (name of ogam letter s), Auraic. 5624 , cf. a lūth beach .i. blāth soilech, Anecd. iii 44.10 . dibech . . . . .i. . . . ni-b. quia apes in commune vivunt a non-bee, O'Mulc. 310. beich óghlána d'argain `plundering laden (?) bees' (of a rash act), TD 18.34 . beich gan mhil, DDána 81.34 . amhuil thiaghuid na beich a ndiaigh na meala, Desid. 6710. nid bheach nests of bees (being eaten) (i.e. honeycombs), O'R. Poems 164. léaghthar . . . nach bí cailg i rígh na mbeach, TSh. 9728. Fig. in phr. b.¤ éoluis, b.¤ éoil guiding bee: beach eóluis na héigsi Aodh / do chuir sí a haire d'éntaobh / . . . / fírbheach eóil na healadhan, LBranach 1 , 4 , see n. an éinbheach eoil (of the Blessed Virgin), Aithd. D. 63.24 .

Note also: beith beca bithaille ac dordánaigh ar na torthaibh `little bees', Ériu iii 156 § 9. Cf. 2 bethamain.

Compds. ¤adba apiary; hive (?): amhail teagoid beich a beachadhbha a lo . . . ḟoghmhoir, ZCP x 287.3 . ¤breth: Laws iv 162 see above. fintiu griain i mbechbrethaib isi deirbfine i mbechbrethaib tir bes da nesom fo-da-loing, 172.4 . ¤díbad: bechdibaid `mortality of bees', AU i 468.23 . ¤dín: im turorgain do bechdin, Laws i 166.27 , glossed: i ngait na cesach b.¤ , 170.19 Comm. ¤lann beehive: siubal na saithe mb.¤ os a mbechlannaib i lló ainli, CCath. 5887. foirched fírbeach a bruinnibh b.¤ , AFM vi 2224.3 . ¤lus: saithchi . . . b.¤ os bechlusaib `honey-flowers', ZCP vi 285.26 . ¤ṡlat (?): cath cro cearnach cíchblaith beach slaití, IT iii 89 § 116. ¤ṡlúag: Curoi ro hir dam . . . .x. mbeichluaigh (.i. saithe b.¤ ┐ lestra) buain bee-swarms , Ériu ii 3.11 . ¤theillén, see 1 teillenn.

1 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bir or dil.ie/5933
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: biur, biur, ṁbir, biur, beura, bear, bearann

n u, n. Later m. O. Ir. biur, b.¤ a s. biur, TBC-I¹ 1255 , a nōmad ṁbir , 1258 . d s. biur, LU 5733. n a p. beura, Sg. 67b11 ( GOI 198 ). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71. g p. bear, ex. 1544 , bearann (: fearann), ex. 1541 .

Stake, spit; point; spear; spike: beura gl. sudes, Sg. 67b11 . sudum .i. inna[m]bir, Gild. Lor. 152. bir a ueru , O'Mulc. 151. braga .i. b.¤ -āga. Aige ainm b.¤ , Corm. Y 161. berid .ix. mbera culind . . . laiss nine spits of holly (for use as spears), LU 5726. sríd N. biur for C.C., 5728 . for rind in bera, 5729 . focheird-sium b.¤ for C., TBC-LL¹ 1947. biaid do chend ar bir, 3476 . for rindriis na mbera, LU 5733. gan nach n-arm . . . acht b. iairn ina láim, TBC-LL¹ 4245. beara iaraind, Todd Nenn. 60.3 . coica bera ara mbái rind / tuc leis do beraib cáirthind, RC vii 300.9 , 10 . nochan fuaratar b.¤ na bundsach isin tsligid-sin, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 . secht mbeara fiched d'iaron aithleghtha, RC xxix 124 § 27. co mberaib gera iairn `with sharp spikes of iron', PH 1240. bera bodba biraithi `darts', Cog. 160.27 . do soighdib . . . ┐ do beraib birgéra ┐ do laighnibh . . . lánmóra, Acall. 2829 v.l. do hinnledh na beara ┐ na r[e]anna uile ar a cheann `spears and darts', RC xxix 124 § 31. an bior ar nach rabha rinn, DDána 3.38 . agá dtreaghdadh do bhearaibh troma teinntidhe (one of the pains of hell), TSh. 1979. gin bera gin slegadh `stakes or spikes', Laws i 304.17 Comm. i ninde bera na corad stake of the (fishing) weir, Ériu xvii 68 § 9.12 ( Laws iv 212.12 Comm. ) ineich doberar a ind in uisci, for ind in bera, in t-iasc, Laws v 478.8 Comm. go mbearuibh omhna `with wooden shafts' (notes), O'R. Poems 684. mé do lá b.¤ 'na bonnaib `I thrust a spike into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . lorg bear a bhonn mbeoghonta, DDána 54.14 . sa derna do bhí fan mbir (: fuilngir), IGT Decl. ex. 1149. b.¤ bodba `warlike point', TTebe 2818 . acht muna faice bera no slega `unless he saw the dangerous thing', (lit. `spikes or spears',) Laws i 178.15 Comm. iii 500.23 Comm. Cf. beara .i. sleagha, O'Cl.

Cooking or roasting spit: b.¤ bruinnes, LL 3649 (see Petrie Tara, Plate 8). b.¤ co lúdh, YBL 419a27 (Petrie Tara 189, 5-9). b.¤ Neithin, fulacht na Morrígna, inneóin in Dagda `N.'s spit', Triads 120 . ro iorlamhaighsit . . . do bhior ┐ do choire by roasting and boiling, TFrag. 72.15 . féoil om ar beraib ca[e]rthind `on spits of rowan', RC vii 300.16 . láeig beca ar beraib / a fedaib Cáibden, LL 37949 ( SG 364.33 ).

Other applications: fūaratar bās do beruib / ōn muic dísgir druimremuir `by the tusks' (of a boar), Fianaig. 54.19 . dothuit hi Fidga . . . di bir ois antler (?), ZCP xii 238 § 63. earca brech biathuis da b.¤ .i. gai `countless wolves fed he with his spear' ( MS. Mat. 481.11 ), LL 380b38 = LL 6398. `plug or tent for a wound (?),' TBC St. Gloss.: do lingetar a bera (sic leg., ed.) dhe, ib. 4905 . Expld. as hand in B. na f.: beara (.i. lāmha) nach lang (.i. fada), ZCP v 484 § 6 (= ZCP iii 378.13 ). Of dressing for a wound (or a tent ?): do lingeatar a bhera de co raithin cinn bera, Éigse ix 186 n. 14 (24 P 4 p. 211) .

Compds. With nouns: foghluim an bhiorchleasa `dart- feat', RC xxix 126 § 32. barrthagar / birchogad, IT iii 105 § 208 . bir-crand (.i. in berb-crand, 484.18 Comm.) treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 . biorchrainn caola slender arrows, DDána 111.23 . do gaínib ┐ birínib ┐ slegínib ┐ birchruadib `hard points' (Táin 2222), TBC-LL¹ 2544 = LU 6401. bir chúaille (? birch.) `sharp spike', Imr. Brain 65.28 . garbeccur grainemail do birfiaclaib barrglassa `of spiky teeth', CCath. 4027. Trí Bior-ghaoithe an Bháis `Three Shafts of Death' (here perh. in sense of tent for a wound, C. O'Rahilly, Éigse ix 186 ), TSh. p. 1. le racht biorghlóir `in sharp-voiced rage', Ó Bruad. iii 212.14 . sída is sróll . . . / sréin is buabae is birtenga, some kind (or part) of horse's headdress (?), SG 249.21 . ? Leg. bir-theng[th]a cooking-spits (?) Fil Súil nGlais 51 .

With adjj.: in torc . . . cusna fiaclaibh bir-athi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. eich . . . bir-cheanda with pointed heads, Leb. Cert. 212.10 . do bogadaib bircennaip, CCath. 5442. cor bo birḟocus cach fonnud issin charput sin next to a point, TBC-LL¹ 2544. do gháibh bega birghéra, Acall. 1802. do beraib bodba birguirt rinnaithi keen-pointed, CCath. 3154. See berach (b).

blog

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blog or dil.ie/6165

 

Forms: blag, blad, blogh, bladh

n ā, f. See O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 165. Also blag, blad. blogh bladh (ón roind), IGT Decl. § 39.16 .

(a) fragment, piece, bit: b.¤ dergthened (rhetoric), LU 8683 ( FB 52 ). boíseom oc ithi blogi do thanaig. . . . Dobeir in ṁbloig isin tabaill, LL 14429 , 30 . cindus rombatur int psailm hi tosugh . . . i mblogaibh `in fragments', Hib. Min. 7.3 . blagh don telcomu `a fragment of that cask', Lism. L. 4409. lestar . . . cu torchair ┐ co nderna(d) bloga de (= confractum est), Lat. Lives 73 § 67. do bert builli di co cloidim co nderna di bloig (sic leg.) di made two pieces of her, Laws i 74.2 Comm. co ro-scáil a ṅdíb blogu (of an enchanted animal), PH 1180. a sciath ina blodhuibh brisdi fura thaebh, ZCP vi 44.21 . domarb se seiser dib le bloidh bic do crann sleghi, 280.30 . cóir damh go bhfionnam an bhfuil / blagh ionnam do na harmuibh, DDána 5.5 . blagh (blodh, v.l.) dá héill le a (let, v.l.) ferchoinsin a piece of . . . leash, IGT Decl. ex. 419. an bloghúd don bhairghin, ex. 923 . go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi (of a wrecked ship), TSh. 735. blogo egae (B. na f.), ACL iii 310 § 4. brisfighthear a mblodhuibh sibh = shall be broken in pieces, Isaiah viii 9. le dteilgthear . . . gach blodh d'armaibh innilte na hurchóide piece (separate weapon ?), Eochairsg. 47.3 . Fig. of a saint: b.¤ dond liic lógmair, Fél. Oct. 5.

(b) part, portion: bladh .i. rann no cuid do ní, O'Cl. co n-derna v blogai de (viz. of bacon), IT i 41.20 . brisedh do thabhairt annsin for blaidh da sluagh, AFM iii 384.5 . mar bhloigh don Bhórumha `share', Aithd. D. 4.8 . a chor ina chalaind féin / blodh do phéin an anaim úaib, IGT Decl. ex. 720 . inniss dúinni . . . blogh (bladh, v.l.) ale dott imthechtaib another bit of your adventure, Anecd. i 29.14 . blagh . . . dá bhoirb-éachtaibh, TSh. 1168. Of land, territory, terrain etc.: cot ngab rígi blogi do Ultaib .i. Mag Murthemni, IT ii2 215.26 . bladh d'feronn, BNnÉ 284 § 271 . dar cenn bloighi bicce don doman, CCath. 553. aga raibhe bladh mór don tír `a large portion of the territory', AFM vi 2006.5 . imon mbloidh mbicc tíre i mboí, 2260.15 . Coire Bhreacán blagh dar gconair `part of our path', SGS iv 62 § 8. Of time: iar mbloid don ló, Ériu v 116.4 . sē bliadna . . . co mbloidh do blíadain, ZCP viii 111.27 . o caictigis do gemrid co blaig don errach `from . . . the first fortnight in Winter into the Spring', Ann. Conn. 1339.4 . tar bloigh dá n-aois, DDána 42.9 . do ghabhadar . . . ríoghacht Éireann bladh do bhliadhain `part of a year', Keat. ii 1823.

A part of a number of people, animals, etc.: fagbhus blogh día naomaibh ag cantain oifice Dé ann, BNnÉ 187 § 27 . ar cenn na blodhe eile . . . don Gamanraige `the rest of the G.', Ériu viii 138.5 . blogh d'aes na criche sin, Marco P. 165. a mbloigh dia mbarcuibh `some of the ships', 150 . blad da n-echaib maithi, Ann. Conn. 1288.5 . blogh dib darab ainm acuta ┐ blod d[ara]b ainm croinica ` group' (of diseases), RC xlix 55.22 , 23 .

In literary contexts: (explaining esse feda ` essence . . . of letter ') in b.¤ aoir tebide gebhes in fid i n-elluch focail `the fragment of cut off air' (of a vowel), Auraic. 897. is blod do q quidim u, 2838 . in blad sin issin sceol that passage , BB 428b45 . conidh bladh do bhethaid Mhaodhocc conuicce sin, BNnÉ 274 § 249 . blag bec de, TBC-I¹ 800. tirūarsi ┐ blogha beca dhī (viz. of the Táin), ACL iii 4.24 .

Compds. blod beim bailc `smashing onset', Cog. 172.29 . blo[g]bemnech na scíath ┐ na bocote, TFerbe 331 . iar ná bhlaidhrébadh lá gonna mór `greatly battered', AFM vi 2328. 3 .

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

bord

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bord or dil.ie/6404

 

n o, m. (OE loanword with infl. in some usages of ON, Bidrag 43, 121. See also Mod. Lang. Notes 1944, 476 .) b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 67.

(a) edge, side, border, brink. Of land, terrain, etc.: Buichet buird Breg, ZCP viii 262 § 12. b.¤ ro (= re) L. beside (?) L., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 42. co b.¤ in Montig `edge', Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . ar b.¤ Droma Cliab, 1278.3 . d'iath Banbha na mb.¤ n-oirrdhearc, O'Hara 1533. ar chosnumh na mb. mBréifneach `borders', Magauran 3241 . docum buird na clasach `edge of the entrenchments', CCath. 2489. o b.¤ tuaiscertach mara Torrein shore , 3019 . dar b.¤ in daire, Acall. 1944. in med soillsigter don b.¤ ichtarach ar a primh (of the moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 90.13 . im b.¤ na habund `on the bank of the river', RC vi 176.4 . b.¤ gach átha brink, IGT Decl. ex. 993. tar bh. an bháre over the line of the goal, RC xxix 116 § 13. ba leis in Banba 's a buirid (buird, v.ll.: uird), xlvii 303.17 . Of constructions, buildings: ós bhórdaib a glanghrianán ` eaves ', SG 111.41 . bláith sliombuidhe a buird 's a bruaich (in praise of a castle), DDána 119.7 . Of ships board; side, gunwale, bulwark: do c[h]engladar na tēda righne . . . dona ruadborduib, ML² 682. doroich long muinteri Cesair b. fria b.¤ risin luing `side by side with the ship', CCath. 2055. cach mb.¤ ┐ cach leth don luiṅg (` plank '), TTebe 1995 . b.¤ na luinge, Acall. 7000. for b.¤ in curaig `on the gunwale', RC xiv 48 § 55. tiaghaid asteach ar b.¤ loinge `on board ship', Fl. Earls 8.6 .

In phr. tar b.¤ (cf. rola tar b.¤ na loingi san fairgi `threw him overboard', Aen. 1000. luid dar b.¤ `she leapt overboard', Metr. Dinds. iv 4.27 ): dorochair dar b.¤ he was killed, MacCarthy 186.7 . cuirfidh badhbh beadhg tar b.¤ will spring overboard (i.e. will alight, go into action on the battlefield ?), ML 122.10 . da marbhar C. / ni mu[irfet] duine dhá és, / nocha dtiobar lem (bem, v.l.) tar bo[rd] I won't go too far (?), TBC St. 2708. gal co ndechaid tar b.¤ amach valour that flowed over (i.e. that had no bounds), Fél. 262 § 27.

Further applications: co ṅgé[i]s badb dia burd dia blaí `from its rim' (of a shield), Ériu xx 192 § 5. co rascailt a sciath o bili co b.¤ , TTebe 4277 . dar borddaib na carpat, TFerbe 19 . coro dóirt a trí tonna dar borddaib di over the sides (of a vat), 199 . a bhi ar burd ardain handle on the side of a drinking vessel (?) (to a person), IT iii 99 § 165. corn . . . / atá d'ór ina bórduib `in its circumference', SG 138.12 . deich m-bruit co n-a m-bórdaib d'ór gold borders, Leb. Cert. 166.2 . ó bhórdaibh a bróg, Keat. Poems 115.

(b) board, table: toccbuither na buird (= tollitur cibus, Contribb. 240 ), Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2. dobered . . . praind for b.¤ , LB 233b40 . ro tógbad buird altacha órdacha ann `jointed tables pieced together', Fianaig. 56.1 . buird do thoccbail, Fier. 95. co roibhi in bórd ar talmhain do modh na seanndaine (of the Last Supper) (= mensa, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 3231. 'na shuidhe ar bh.¤ `at table', Dán Dé iv 20 . ag bórd an chusduim, Mark ii 14 (1810) . ar an mb.¤ on the table, TSh. 281. inadh aoibhinn . . . go mbortt marmair, Fl. Earls 208.27 . tig . . . forsan mb.¤ comes . . . to the table, 250.31 . gan teannta búird ná binnse `lacking support of . . . board or bench' (a scribe's excuse), O'Gr. Cat. 34.1. bórd na Comaoine `the Communion Table ', Donlevy 62.21 . mar fhearann buird `mensal land', Keat. i 110.24 . Fig. nocha conair bórd go col not the way of sinful tables (i.e. is not guilty of gluttony), SG 70.22 . Cing Airtur .i. do orrdaig an b. cr[uind] the Round Table , AU i 22.9 . teaghlach glan an geal Bhuird Chruinn, IGT Decl. ex. 1510.

(c) seat, bench: docuir in diuice Sir Gyi ar aenb. ris fein, ZCP vi 39.28 .

Compds. With nouns: dar in mbordbil iarnaidhe (of a shield), CCath. 5324. dom chur síos le bordghail (-ghal, MS.) bháin `bloodless table-fight', Ó Bruad. ii 164.4 . ós bord-imlib in beatha, MR 112.7 . ar Bhóird-lios na Bóinne báine, Keat. Poems 432.

With adjj. (incl. part.): dorindedh blodha beca, bordbrisdi do sciath Sir H., ZCP vi 42.10 . a beilgedh biothfhoda bord-chumag, Hugh Roe² 196.24 . seach bhilibh a sgiath mbóird-gheal bright-rimmed , ML 128.30 . trí locha bord-ghlana with bright banks, 96.2 . bél bórdimlech broad-lipped ? (of a hag), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.19 . fa mbratachaib . . . bord-nuídi, MR 224.4 . bláithleca bordriagalta smooth straight-edged flagstones (for a tomb), Caithr. Thoirdh. 54.15 .

bratt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bratt or dil.ie/6598
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: brat, brut, brot, braitt

n o, m. See GOI § 80 , § 150 , § 279 . brat m. d s. brut, brot, IGT Decl. § 75. cloak, mantle , see Windisch, IT ii1 214.91 , Shaw, Ériu xvi 200 f . brat a bratio (Lat. brattea) ōn dulind libuir ar a cosmailes diblīnaib. Nō breō .i. tene ar fuit é, Corm. Y 164. brat graece brath in lamminas a tenuitate (βρατυν lamina, Etym. xvi 18.2 , ed. Lindsay), O'Mulc. 126. lend .i. . . . lō find .i. ainm do brut find, Corm. Y 837. brat .i. ba ar fuit .i. ar fuacht, O'Dav. 289. brael .i. brat, Goid. 75 § 30 (Dúil Laithne). amal immetimcheltar nech hua brot gl. sicut pallio amictus, Ml. 121a1 . trisin mbrat find gl. pallio . . . albo, Tur. 55. lenn no brat formtha gl. sagana (sic), Sg. 51b9 . triasin mbrat = clamidem, Lat. Lives 88 § 82. brat forptha `overcoat´ Études Celt. xxii 223 . i lleth a broitt = truncatus habitus, ibid. ticfa tailcend . . . / a b.¤ tollcend his (Patrick's) mantle with a hole at the top, Trip.² 340. atchiu form brat (brot, v.l.) brodrad nais `I see on my cloak the stains of age', Lament 25 . conidtuil L. for a brut `L. slept upon his cloak', Mon. Tall. 155.10 . brat cas corcra fo loí chaín a woven crimson cloak of smooth fleece, BDD² 6. asa brotsom, TBC-I¹ 503. co n-accai in mnaí bruit úani chucai, LU 3336 ( SCC 13 ). brat corcra, Cóir Anm. 55. bruitt forglassa uli impu, TBC-LL¹ 177. brat d'olainn oenchoerach, SG 80.34 . a beand imle bruít dar broind in balbduine, BB 295b25 . isin brut (brot, v.l.) caem corrtharach, TTebe 2437 . cēd brat, cēd matal mōirdhes (items of tribute), ZCP viii 116 § 2. do luigh fa a brat (: mac), DDána 26.31 . i mbrataib loma out at elbows, O'Gr. Cat. 482.13. an chloch uassal ro buī ag comdūnadh a bruit (of a Pope), Fl. Earls 172.29 . triar i mbrataibh bráthardha `in monks' habit', Aithd. D. 75.21 . With qualifying words. b.¤ co n-auib, i forcipul, i filliud, b.¤ luascach, see Shaw, loc. cit. and 3 ó, forcipol, filliud, lúascach.

In more general application covering, cover; cloth, etc. (lit. and fig.): imbet bruit ┐ bīdh food and clothing, Anecd. v 25.4 . ni biad tacha broit na biid ann co brath no scarcity of clothing or food, Goid. 104.8 (Lib. Hymn.). tarla in gaeth [i]na ndiaidh isin bhrut `sail', Lism. L. 2083. bratgal na mbrat siúil risna bennaib, LL 32230 `of the sails', TTr. 1420. co mbrut find `with . . . a white sheet' (of scaring oxen), Laws iii 270.20 Comm. ni coir fo brataib fer forinnet coemdai (of bedclothes), Laws v 132 n. 2 . roir dom . . . .x. mbrait (mbroit, mbrata, v.ll.) mbreccphupaill, Ériu ii 4.16 . bruit derga nó bruit loi .i. pill nó echdhíllat, ib. n. 71 . bruit luaidhe umpu wrappings of lead around them (of defensive spikes), CCath. 192. in brat uair nach nighter `the cloth', Laws i 176.9 Comm. brat roinnte an teampoill = the veil, Matthew xxvii 51. ailiff . . . ar ar n-a himfholach do bratoip saitīn ┐ sīoda hangings, Fl. Earls 172.24 . múir na cathrach . . . d'fholach do bhrataibh dubha, TSh. 5597. le brataibh `with flags', O'Rah. 198.z .

In pl. braitt beca : is air nohailtea iat asa mbratuibh beca `from their swaddling-clothes', Marco P. 36. Cf. ina becbrataib, Blathm. 34.

Fig. in brat uane `the cloak of green' (of new grass, etc.), Lament 21 . a brat líg (of a place), LL 7226 (Hail Brigit 20). brat geal re headh an Faíligh, IGT Decl. ex. 810 . im-rualaid b.¤ dar grēin `has drawn a cloak across the sun' (of a disaster), Ériu xx 194 § 14. b.¤ in aeoir fhuasnadaig, PH 8160. fai bhrat a ccré `under cover in clay', IT ii2 116. 14 . do thréig a brat clúmha an choill / brat ar mac Úna a ḟochaind a shroud on U.'s son, IGT Decl. ex. 1261. fada do bhádur fa bhrut `in obscurity', O'Hara 1189. ar cóir nDé go ndeachaidh brat, DDána 15.9 . sochaide ḟāgbus a brat / icon cōicait imchomarcc (i.e. will be baffled by or work hard at the fifty problems ?), ZCP iv 235.2 . bidh a cin for a lepuidh, bruit, ┐ biud responsibility for his crime is incurred by the harbourer who provides him with clothing and food (?), Laws iv 240.8 .

Other applications: hi ṁbrot glass `in a gray mantle' (of bird's plumage), Thes. ii 290.9 . da ndeach cum na sul . . . faguid brat orro (= tela, Vocab.), Rosa Angl. 310.3 . a cur fó na súilibh ┐ scaoilidh a mbrait ┐ a salchar ` webs ', O'Gr. Cat. 226.28. do thuiteadar na bruit bhí ar a shúilibh = squamae ( Acts ix 18 ), Eochairsg. 85.10 . lind serb do bratoib cuilend `of leaves of holly' (Index), O'Mulc. 815. In phr. bratt boinne placenta : is amlaidh sin gabus in lenam siubal ona teghais .i. on brat boinne, Irish Texts v 38.4 . cinnus is coir in brat boinne d'innarbad da roib fostad air deis in leinim do breith, Irish Texts v 40 § 22 . cuir grainne spuirsi no eorna a n-aigid gacha bliadhna annsa brat boinne, Irish Texts v 36.11 . ? ar is innte fo-gebed a sháith min-arāin; ┐ no bíd ┐ bratt boinni odarda imme, MacCongl.² 21.644 .

Compds. With adjj. caladh B. bhinn bhratduinn `brown-clothed harbours', RC xlix 173 § 28. tar muir mbraitfhinn ` white-cloaked ', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 4 . fo chír blonci bratgile `of white-mantling lard', MacCongl. 37.34 . M. meic B. bratmhais, ZCP viii 218.z . os Banba bratrúaid ` ruddy-vestured ', MacCarthy 156 § 5 . ingen B. brat-ṡolois ` bright-robed ', Metr. Dinds. ii 78.2 . in ben bratthūaine ` green-cloaked ', ZCP viii 268 § 48. With subst. In follg. with semantic infection of bra lín: sínte a mbratlín (of the burial of Christ) linen cloth, Parrth. Anma 4332. bradlín, 5586 . See 2 blaí, brotbla. breathnas .i. dealg. ó bhratnasc tig, O'Cl. in brat-nellgal oeingheal (of chalk from shields), CCath. 5874 .

brécairecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brécairecht or dil.ie/6617

 

n [ā, f.] (brécaire) falsehood, cunning, deceit: imbrecairecht gl. astutiá, Wb. 15b10 . nīsfōirfe an brēgairecht falsehood will not aid them (sc. liars), ZCP viii 209.33 . dorromnaibter clerchechta .i. brécairecht, LL 24776 ( RC xxvi 40 § 211 ). brecairecht (.i. tuisle) ┐ deismerecht air: cleirech ag bregairecht blaith / doirtfider a ngnimrad graid by smooth corruption (?), 41 n. 2 . ni denad sainchrabud ar brecairecht `from hypocrisy', ACC 97 Comm. ? sionnaigh beca ag bregairecht (: legairecht ?) / chugum ┐ úaim, BS 76.1 (see note and Murphy Lyrics 46.44 ).

2 brothrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 brothrach or dil.ie/7029
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f. (brothar, see O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 169 n.4 ) bed-covering, coverlet, blanket; garment: sruamach .i. b.¤ , O'Mulc. 853. ? berrech .i. b.¤ , Goid. 75 § 43 (Dúil Laithne). brot[h]reg gl. taxam , ZCP xxi 289 § 44 . brothruch .i. brat riogha, Hard. ii 298.7 . im ṡé brothracha cona córus tinchuir iter cerchailli ┐ gaimniu, Críth G. 403. eter choilcthe ┐ brothracha, TBC-I¹ 157 ( LU 4619 ). do brothrachaib ┐ brecánaib, LU 8070 ( FB 4 ). xxx. b.¤ , LL 17928. brothracha beca / lepa cach deise, SG 364.37 . ni chuincem . . . brot[h]rachu na breccanu, acht in talam, Alex. 873. brothor na brothraigi, Trip.² 772. cona brot[h]raig bōshaille ` mantle ', MacCongl. 39.14 .

1 búar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búar or dil.ie/7284
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: buar, buar

n o, n. (bó). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96. Us. as coll. cows, cattle, herd(s): buar .i. ba, O'Cl. ealbha, b.¤, speil, tréud, Eg. Gl. 255. doria buar buara, O'Dav. 732. la buar búirech `bellowing cattle', Celtica vi 235 ( buire, Laws iv 20.6 ). dilsi buair, ibid. deichde a b.¤ , Críth G. 132. ba sé sin b.¤ Flidais, LU 1632 (see Heldensage 317). di maigib in búair, 4677 (TBC). cia beir b.¤ o thig Temrach ?, LL 1566. crich ḟer ḟind ḟoghlas bu buair, IT iii 88 § 104. an cheall guna b.¤ bennach, BNnÉ 287.5 . ar cúl a mbó ┐ a mbuair, AFM iii 222.15 .

Of hosts of people : a Fíachaig Find búair fherda | do-rochair rí roEmna 'by Fíachu Find of a manly host did the king of great Emain fall', Three Historical Poems 154 q. 128c-d . buar namat, RC xvii 137.17 'a host', Contribb. 285. b.¤ súad .i. airchetla beca ara tabraiter bae do suid, RC xxvi 22 § 66.

Less freq. in pl.: ro ir dam . . . .x. mbuair (mbuar, v.l.) .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . .ui. buar `six cows', Laws iii 60.4 Comm. imad buar , YBL 174a8 . bō-ghéimnech na mbuar, ML² 1172.

Compds. búar-brat cattle-spoils , Metr. Dinds. iii 82.72 . ¤cholt, see 1 colt. fa bhúarghraighibh, Hy Maine 141.5 . um bhuairsbré, DDána 118.29 .

caillide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caillide or dil.ie/7759

 

adj (1 caill) sylvan, connected with woods : do chnoib . . . c.¤ , Acall. 2739 . cineda callidi (caillidi, v.l.), CCath. 1579 . mil coillide, Lism. L. 206 . do Siluan, dia coillide eside, Aen. 1950 . eoin beca coillidhi, RC xlix 56 § 23 .

As subst. one living in woods; outlaw, robber : ceann uidhe clann ccoillidhi / crann birds, O'R. Poems 19 . do choillidhib ┐ chuanaib ┐ daes gach uilc, Hugh Roe² 122.21 . ar chairdibh ar choillidhibh `on friends and enemies', O'Hara 486 . buaidh ón chrích-si ag coillidhibh, O'R. Poems 1544 . coillidhe dhíom níor dhéanta, DDána 67.5 .

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