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1 airbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airbe or dil.ie/1609
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Airbiu

vn. of ar-fen. io, [n.] d s. Airbiu, LL 14067 . Later f. (often as dental stem) oirbe, IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) hedge, fence, paling: ní bíd clad na hairbi na caissle im thír, LU 10568 . cūaille airbed inna lāim, Cáin Ad. § 3 . dogníther cuairt nairbed uime, Thr. Ir. Gl. 22.29 = d'imbe, Corm. Y 674 . teit C. . . . ┐ ataig a thraig fri airrbe, LL 14115 . bla cuaille airbi, Laws iii 290.10 . caithe tar a.¤ , iv 124.z Comm. teit tar airbid do saigid feoir aili, 110.27 Comm. aithgin na n-aile ┐ na n-a.¤ ón macc, i 98.8 Comm. re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, iii 186.2 Comm. ailedha ┐ airbedha, O'Dav. 281 . cith . . . cor bris gach oirbi i tarla, RC xviii 151.3 (Tig.). a tighe ┐ a airbeadha, AFM ii 652.3 . co ndernsat daingen airbhe etorra ┐ a namhaitt, vi 2220.17 . a.¤ druad druidic hedge, name of some magic obstruction to keep off an enemy (see TTr. p. 129 , V. SS. Hib. i clxi ): co raeirgatar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 ( TTr. 1672 ). F. . . . as é do righne ind erbhe ndruadh do Diarmait, AFM i 194.11 . Fig. a a.¤ ibair ` yew fence ' (term of reproach addr. to a person), Bruchst. i 27 § 60 . Mathias tend eirbe, Gorm. Jan. 30 . Of a shield: gur bo hoirbhe tréitholl . . . an tromsgiath don toinnseamh sin, ML 88.17 . Cf. tolla. (1 toll).

(b) Various applications. pen for animals: acht bid o lias no a.¤ adriastar a laegh `provided it be in . . . a pen her calf is tied', Laws iii 228.7 . tuircc airrbe, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18, 394b ); 'a pen-reared(?) boar' EIF 85 . a brog no a lamann do fagbail don gataid a mbel na ha.¤ , 2427 ( Eg. 88, 33(34)d ). maic becca doairchellat bó ┐ cethra olchena im airbhetha `within their pens', Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ruba lín in fiada .i. cosa in lín .i. osairbe . . . .i. fer benas ruba lin i tír a chéli cin athchomarc .i. . . . in a.¤ (of catching game by driving it into a space enclosed by a deer-fence), O'Dav. 1366 . le hosnaduibh elbhadh / a n-orsanaibh oirbedh, IGT Decl. ex. 156 . Of the ribs of the body: airbhe .i. asna, O'Cl. co ndrochradar . . . doid fri dóid . . . ┐ airbhi fri hairbhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 381 n.6 . acc aicsin a airrbhi bháin / forsan tráigh ós Aingi uair, AFM i 480.15 . a dá a.¤ `his two ribs', Metr. Dinds. iii 372.87 . toidet . . . a.¤ in mīl mhōir, Ériu ii 124 § 71 . Of fighting-men phalanx, serried rank: cenmotha na ha.¤ mora Maicedondai, Alex. 43 . athe regdai a n-airrbe friu, Rawl. 83b12 (= airbre, Ériu vi 121.z ). crothais A. a.¤ īath nEthomuin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 3 ( Rawl. 116c 13 ). na hairbheda órarmacha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.10 . ag taobscannradh a tiugoirbedh `their close-packed files', 67.38 . do dhruim comharc . . . nó togharma an airbhe, L. Cl. A. B. 46.38 . go rabatar na rígcholna ina réidairbedaib ar na raonródaib (description of carnage), Caithr. Thoirdh. 42.6 . fálairbi ferrda . . . Frangc, MR 214.17 . gor ba a.¤ aighbéil anrata iat-sein eturru (of raised weapons), 140.11 . In n.loc. A.¤ Roḟir in Conaille Murthemne, see Walsh, ZCP viii 555 . Dún na nAirbed, LU 399 .

Cf. eirbe.

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

 

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

ball

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ball or dil.ie/5299
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. (see ZCP xxiii 300 , LEIA B-12 , Études Celt. xxvii 187-88 ). Treated as n. in: cach ṁb.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5950.

(a) limb, member, organ (used of any portion of the body): is b.¤ di crist in fer, Wb. 22c9 . hore adi[b] boill crist, b10 . báll, Wb. 12 a 18 . tria huili baullo ┐ gnímo, Thes. ii 252.16 (Stowe M.). in gét a bullu ar crist . . . ? Wb. 9d4 . far nuili baullu gl. membra uestra, 3b26 . 12b12 . tre thesbaid naich baill, Sg. 5a5 . cach súg bís isnaib ballaib gl. sucum membrorum, Ml. 44d8 . innam (inna, MS.) b.¤ tuisten gl. locorum genitalium, 58b2 . clam dia tuititis a baild, Vita Br. 25. fo comdecsain in boill in roclannadh in crécht, Bretha 30 n. 5 . issé b.¤ fo a taet imdergæ (the face), O'Mulc. 403. is b.¤ cēta-geinit[h]er (the head), 217 . cach b.¤ de, LU 5014 (TBC). cor bo b.¤ da ballaib a mac, TBC-LL¹ 2931. iar mballaibh limb by limb, BB 365bz . ni boi b.¤ de cen pian fo leith acht a thenga nama, PH 2871. ní fhaca aon ball de gan éideadh acht a shúile ┐ a chosa, Ériu i 88 § 35. le comailt na mb.¤ foirimillach `the extremities', O'Gr. Cat. 193.32. na mb. oilemhnach `of the organs of nutrition', 206.22 . Reg. San. 30.15 . ona ballaibh ainmidhi . . ona ballaibh spirutalta `the animal parts . . . the spiritual parts', 8 , 11 . teid dindsaige … na mball spirudalda `goes to … the organs of respiration´ Ériu x 146 § 2 . boill Dé . . . do thabhairt to swear by God's limbs, Donlevy 74.5 . baill do dénam di to dismember: dogentar boill dítt, Fier. 116 . boill bheacca do denamh da corp, AFM iv 658.z. Of male and female genitalia : b.¤ ferda membrum virile. labrum anois mar is coir in ball bannda d'fairsingiugad i n-aimsir na nidhan, Irish Texts v 36 § 19 . osa minca ghallraighter iad o chuis na geineamhna ┐ co lanmor gallraighter iad timcheall na mball nadurdha, Irish Texts v 12.23 (of women). See ferda . Cf. do b.¤ feili pudendum tuum , YBL 208ax . coro benta do láim dona trí ballaib filet acut da ndeine do chlaind, RC xiii 66 § 64. ? Fiachra Cassán . . . / da biach bar baill bróe atróe, LL 6075.

(b) Fig. member of community (cf. mem(m)ar, 1 cenn): o thair in b.¤ eineclunn . . . a dualgus in cind `the follower', Laws i 62.23 Comm. ; glossing memmar, iv 196.23 , v 360.1 . a crochad do ballaib diabuil .i. do Iúdaidib, PH 4870. boill don aoinEaglais, Desid. 4074. arna cennaib, ┐ ar na ballaibh, RSClára 29b . ? gidh eadh níor theith, níor thuill guth / go breith gach bhoill don Bharrach, DDána 87.8 `but won the approval of every side (?)', Ir. Monthly 1928, 549 .

(c) Of inanimate objects part, portion, piece; article, object: im ocht mbullu arafognat muillond `eight parts', Laws i 124.17 . go ffuil ina b.¤ coimesa token, testimony, ZCP x 20 v.l. (go ffuil sin ar cuimhne, text). do bud b.¤ cruaidh coimessa, Irish Texts ii 11 § 10. ballorb .i. ball do forbau na filideachta aicce, Auraic. 1305. b.¤ éigin dom ealadhain `a small example of my art', Aithd. D. 40.21 . b.¤ oibri, IGT Decl. ex. 54. re cois gach boill don leine, Stair Erc. 2513. b.¤ óirnéisi = instrument, Isaiah liv 16. b., dadum . . . `an atom, point, spot ', Eg. Gl. 80. In abstract sense, quality, faculty: cía bald ba dech dó nógébad di cleircecht `which attribute of the clerical character', Mon. Tall. 158.30 (§ 76) . ? ball einigh, Magauran 4381 (`a point of generosity'). Gramm. of part of a verb: fríssin bréthir as sum no fria baullu, Thes. ii 228.36 ( PCr. 61b2 ). sum coná ballib, Sg. 193b8 . cia b.¤ in brethir?, Auraic. 322.

(d) place, spot; of a book, passage: an b.¤ na ted sé a ferann na fine where, in the event that, O'Curry 2233 ( Eg. 88, 17a ). ní cuala me an oiread sin do ghuithibh daoine ar aonbh. riamh, CF Eg. 150. a ngach uile bh.¤ (= in every place), Proverbs xv 3. ag míniughadh an bhoill úd 'san tsean-reacht, Eochairsg. 10.30 . contrardha dhó féin a niomad do bhallaibh (of a heretic), Ó Héodhusa 34.11 .

ar (an m)b.¤ immediately, forthwith, at once: ar b.¤ d'eís an t-anam da fhagbhail, Rule of Tallaght § 29. táinig an cléireach ar b.¤ , Oss. iii 278.11 . mo chur ar an mb.¤ go hifrionn, Desid. 1168. air b.¤ (= straightway ), Proverbs vii 22. air a mb.¤ , Donlevy 186.26 . duine bhreathnuigheas a ghnúis a sgáthan . . . ┐ dhearmadas air b.¤ a chruth féin, 220.18 .

(e) spot, mark, blemish: Echu Ballderg . . . co rabai in b.¤ sin inna churp do chomurthu ind ḟerta, Trip.² 2419 - 20 . do ballaib bithchorcra co ndeirgi fola laíg, BDD² 37. ní fuil / b.¤ ar an flaith romferguigh, Ériu iv 220 § 28. madh glan an corp don taoibh thall / b.¤ ar a chaoin níor locht liom, Dán Dé xxvii 31 . do bhídis na baill chorcra / ortha d'éis gach ionnalta, A. Ó Dálaigh li 18. tí nó b.¤ dearg ar a láimh, Keat. ii 2265. ? sreath do chaolach bhán go a barr / clár ball gcraobhach ós a cionn, DDána 119.28 (from a description of a castle).

Compds. With adjj.: a bé barrbude balbán (read ballb., n.) white-limbed , TFerbe 798 . ba bradanaib becca ballbreca speckled , TTebe 3520 . bradán ballc[h]orcra, ML² 498. Eochaid Scandail .i. ballderg red-spotted , LL 322e36 . Colman Baldub, 366g29 . in ballgel Baluíne, Fél. Oct. 4. Bran Berba ballglaine `fleckenreinen', Bruchst. 8 § 9. in ballglandu, . . . / Moire Magdallda fair-limbed, ZCP x 46.21 . tond ban ballglass bright-flecked , Anecd. i 54 § 30. ben bán ballmass, 69 § 163 .

With nouns: calmach um nach faghar fuacht / a bhalbhruth gan bladhadh mbharc (sic) `the fire from his limbs', Magauran 1660 . ag flaith ballDaile of the speckled Dail (a river), DDána 83.11 .

With vnn.: an talamh ar baill-chrioth ┐ bioth-luasgadh, TSh. 1039. gan a mballghabháil ní bhíd `they put forth ever fresh growths', Magauran 340 (`branching', note).

In compd. serc-ball, see serc compds. Cf. phr. ball seirce (in oral tradition), ITS xlviii Introd. xxvii.

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

bethadach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bethadach or dil.ie/5782

 

Forms: beathadhach, bethadaighe

n o, m. (betha). beathadhach m., IGT Decl. § 11. animal; creature: doroine Día . . . da cinél .lxx. do bethadhachaib for muir, RC xxiv 379.8 . bethadhach éicciallaidi, CF² 81. bethaduigh becca iadsom (salamanders), Marco P. 26. bethadaighe, Acall. 834 v.l. ni theighed bethadhach darsan magh uile gan ḟaisgin do a living thing, ZCP viii 549.24 . saoir uirre ag buing beathadhach `workmen are carving animal figures', Ériu v 62.4 . amhail mhuca nó beathadhacha brúideamhla, TSh. 3459. a mbroinn an bheathadhaigh, Oss. vi 158.22 = a mbroinn an bheathaidh Duan. F. 238.14 . Of Hydra , Stair Erc. 2590. gé táim im beathadhach ghránna (spoken by a hag from the Otherworld), DDána 120.32 .

breithemnacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemnacht or dil.ie/6704

 

Forms: brithemnacht, brithemnacht

n ā, f. O. Ir. brithemnacht (breithem). GOI § 260. judging, judgment, adjudication: doairchet a-llaa ṁbrithemnacte sin, Wb. 6b26 . léicid iudicium deo .i. brithemnacht bes huilliu (an leg. (?), ed.) nísṅdenaith gl. non ergo amplius inuicem iudicemus, 6b29 . ni epur brithemnact for nech, 8d26 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu ref. to de minimis iudicatis, 9c8 . amal bete som in impudiu inna brithemnacte `in the encompassment of the Doom', 9c10 . combad firián a brithemnacht gl. iudicandi, Ml. 89b15 . brithemnacht firiáin gl. iudicium `righteous judgment', 89b13 . iustitia is du firinni brithemnachtæ téit, 109a2 . air biid aslach oc eráil inna brithemnachtae condárbastar gné firinne fuiri, 95b6 . bith soer som as in brithemnacht hisin `he will be free from that judgment', 57c7 . med brithemnachtae dæ, 57d8 . brithemnacht gl. sanctione, 40a3 . mad fír in brithemnacht bess in mente , Thes. ii 4.32 . breithem an breitheamhnais bīas agan breitheamnacht at the Judgment (of Doom), ZCP viii 199 § 4. atchota milteṅga brithemnacht, LL 345c1 ( RC xlv 14 § 21 ). ni aidlingcet o nachaib rechtaib na fúiglib na brethamnachtaib, acht recht n-aicnid namma, Alex. 850. M. . . . sui brethemhnachta ┐ seanchais `doctor of jurisprudence', AU ii 36.1 . ollamh breithemhnachta Ua Failghe `chief brehon', AFM ii 888.18 . In legal texts: concertaim breithemnacht (sic leg.) bais, Laws i 12.24 Comm. lúan do br(e)ithemnacht, do choccertad túath for adjudication (in order of engagements of a king), Críth G. 544. in tan as [re] brethemnacht sin. In tan is re conairib fuigill, etc. `pronouncing of judgment', Laws v 6.16 Comm. in ord breithemnachta `in the laws of the Brehons', i 16.15 (Preface to Senchus Mór).

? 2 coca

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 coca or dil.ie/9862

 

n daoine becca, étach n-ecca, / ilar c.¤ (: fota), ZCP viii 196. 14 .

cochmíne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cochmíne or dil.ie/9906

 

n (cochmae): cochmīne .i. ballāin becca , Corm. Y 378 .

cruinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cruinn or dil.ie/13226

 

Forms: cruind, cruind

adj i round, globular, circular: compact, precise : cruind gl. globata, BCr. 18a4 . roth cruind forsa ndenat na cerda inna lestrai gl. rotae, Ml. 18b4 . crann cruínd, ib. cruind gl. teres, Sg. 66a12 . nach fuil bes c.¤ `any wound that is round', Bretha 14 . ech . . . cruind sturdy (?), LU 8665 (FB). cruind dothleatan comach lethan barc bhuailteach, IT iii 97.z . i ndeilb chruind rodamnaiged in doman, Ériu ii 106.x . isin mais chruinn ildealbaig, 108.11 . iter da sliab chruindi, TTebe 2269 . amellus ainm don c[h]loich cruind, ZCP viii 113.34 . naehí cruínne becca . . . oc techt tarsin sruth, xxx 129.18 . corab cruind (of stake), Laws iv 112.y Comm. a longa . . . ina congaibh chatha chruind, Oss. v 274.12 . gersat cruinne . . . cimsa . . . catha . . . C., MR 254.5 . dar Magh Cobha c.¤ , BS 68.10 . Cingh Airtur .i. do orrdaigh an bord cr[uind], AU i 22.10 . caithir . . . ch.¤ , DDána 119.2 . Ailenn chruind, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . o inbiur Atha Cliath chruind, LL 18445 . co ríg Caisil cruind, Ériu ix 45 § 6 . nir trian cruind `mere third', Magauran 2165 . sgéala cruinne exact information, TSh. 4138 . a adhmáil gurab neamh-ch.¤ an seanchus ` inexact ', Keat. i 46.38 . Of persons: nirsat cruindi cesachtaig niggardly , Acall. 4037 . Cf. gearsom glic nír chrainn um ní, KMMisc. 350.18 (see n.). ar an té bhíos c.¤ is gnáth an rath, Dánfhocail 22 . C. cruind `the Rotund', AU iii 12.16 `the Thrifty', AFM iv 694.x .

Of armies etc. assembled: do bhadar c.¤ an éin ionadh, ALC ii 294.12 . cinn chruinne i coimrith `gathered heads', CCath. 6097 . poball mór daoine c.¤ (ag chruinniúghadh, v.l.), ZCP iv 398.22 . bídís na daoine c.¤ = assembled, Isaiah xliii 9 .

Compar. fa cruinni ná uball, Eg. 1782, 34a cited Meyer Contribb. 536 . Superl. ba cruinne . . . corugad `most compact', MR 216.19 . Adv. go c.¤ neatly , Aithd. D. 1.17 . is c.¤ timcillit reanna neime in-doman, RC xxiv 371.28 .

As subst.: nochon ḟidir mac duine / cía dá ndēnand a c[h]ruinne / an c.¤ dō fēin doní dhe / nō an cruind do neoch aile collection, ZCP vii 303 § 9 . In n. loc.: tancatar . . . dar Cruind .i. Sliab sair, TBC-LL² 1218 .

Compds. With nouns: gnúis chorcra chrundainech, TBC-LL² 4438 . cruind ársid Liphi (of Eochaid Muigmedón), ZCP xiii 377.16 . mic T. mic Cruind beoil, o fuilet Húi Cruind beoil, Fél. 134.27 - 28 . tri cruindberrtha foraib circular heads of hair, LU 7139 (BDD). casaircheatha crunnchaor round balls of shot, Hugh Roe² 228.17 . cruinn-chathoir dhess `compact', Fl. Earls 74.11 . fear do chruinnichíogh dheól, Hackett 24.18 . cona cruinnc[h]imsaib coimfighthi, CCath. 5454 . cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 5448 . do crunnclochaibh tabull, CCath. 3150 . isin chruind chuairt ildelbhaig ba damna domhain `round multiform circuit', Ériu ii 106.y . go n-imat gcruinn-each roi-dess ` well-shaped ', Fl. Earls 80.14 . cruind-ḟer crúad-buillech ` thickset ', Metr. Dinds. iii 226.z . ceithre cronnghlacáin, BS 94.15 . cruindinadh isin chríaidh duind, IGT Decl. ex. 948 . caorshoighnén . . . crunnlúaidhe, Hugh Roe² 228.x . for a crúndmuigib . . . cruithnechta `round wheat plains', MacCongl. 77.11 . if-ferta Cruind-Mēsé (mock n. loc.), 122.13 , 22 . (in) grian ina cruindmill, CCath. 2750 . cetha . . . cruinnphiler, Hugh Roe² 332.29 . in grian . . . ina crunnpupall teintidhe, CCath. 4431 . crundrosc [n-]odorda . . . ina chind `round eye', TBC-LL² 4401 . cruind sciath gl. rotunda forma, Sg. 49b12 . léibhend . . . do chruinnscciathaibh, AFM vi 2028.12 . an mogall do chrunnsluagh . . . tarla ina ḟarradh, AFM v 1626.x . atá trumpóir no traghna / a crunntóin mná Mathghamhna, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . 'na chruinntig `round house', Stud. Hib. iv 68 § 42 .

With adjj.: for dá n-echaib . . . cruindbeca, LU 6487 (TBC). ech cenand cael coscrundfata, LL 24870 . cruinnuhecco (of knees), IT i 120.5 (TE Eg.). dod bharr chruinnfhiar `round curling', Bard. P. 20.18 . ingni corcra . . . crundgéra, TBC-LL² 194 . mullach crunnghlas corrach (of Benn Étair) (crann?), Measgra D. 41.10 . doire cruinnrighin chrann ngér, IGT Decl. ex. 1326 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ? Cáoilte cruind certach, Duan. F. i 11.34 . coirce cas cruinnchlechtach `round-plaited', RC xxix 120.3 . is cruinndelbach docíter anmanna nan-dǽine arn-ég dóib, RC xxiv 371.29 . ag fior ḟuilt chrunnḟailghigh chais, DDána 119.4 . go n-a lann . . . cruinnfeadánach, MR xiv 4 . an crios . . . cruinn-raoltannach, 8 .

With vb.: ? do tuit mac luinn Uilliam ann / do chruinniad ar gach comlann who closely embraced every conflict (?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 123.4 .

díairm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díairm or dil.ie/15906

 

adj i (arm) weaponless, unarmed, defenceless: ferr doairm diairm better badly armed than weaponless, Anecd. iii 16 . ni bo diairm (of an island), i 68.155 = ZCP xi 158 . nior bfiu les airm do tabairt les, acht tainic diairm ina dháil, TBC-LL¹ 2245 . robai A. ┐ A. diairm acht lamclaidmi becca , BB 439b39 . mad Gall tí fa tuighi n-iairn | do-ní duine diairm de, IGT Decl. ex. 373 . gille ┐ aradha ┐ daoine diairm, Hugh Roe 208.6 . ro heráileadh forra . . . tocht disccir diairm for eineach . . . an Iustis (a garrison summoned to surrender), 294.y . Impotent: fear d.¤ , Laws v 132 (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 241 ). O'Don. Suppl. Cf. tenga diairim, O'Dav. 245 ?

díllat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díllat or dil.ie/16431

 

Forms: dilat, dílad, -at, dílaid, -ait, dhillaid, dillat

n f. in tsalachdilat , Laws ii 170.10 Comm. dílad, -at, f., IGT Decl. § 12 . dílaid, -ait, f. § 13 . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 24 and cf. díallait.

(a) garment, dress, raiment: dillat leith ungae `a vestment worth half an ounce', Thes. ii 239 ( Ardm. 17b1 ). sénais díllait do Chondlaid, Hy. v 82 . dobert díllat i criol, 84 . gaibidsom a dilatt (dillat, LU, dhillaid, H 2.17 ) noenaich nimbi, TBC-LL¹ 2038 = a dillut oenaig, TBC-LL¹ 2727 (a dillait inaonaigh, St.). gabaidsom a díllait nóenaig imbi, LU 6115 = TBC-I¹ p. 61 n. 7 . ro chress a celtar comga taris don tlachtdillat tíre tairgire . . ., LU 6440 = TBC-I¹ 1927 . TBC-LL¹ 2586 . tig cráeb co n-iaraib aice | fo diamair a díllaite, Metr. Dinds. iii 60 . cethardha ndillatha (ndilata, Stokes) `four suits of clothes', Laws iv 312 Comm. caitiat in edugha? . . . do dilluit lais, alunae cach dia, araile i n-airicill (he has) two coverings (or robes), one for every day and one in store, ii 146 Comm. saluchdillat a child's swaddling clothes , ii 160 . in tsalachdilat, ii 170 Comm. dillat cleib `a cradle coverlet ', ii 176 . d.¤ ligi bed-covering: ar scath dilata ligi, O'D. 1607 ( H 5.15 12a ). in dillat ligi, 2369 ( Rawl. B 506, 44a ). roscris in t-eideth ara druim ┐ rogerr in dilat aluind oraighi trithi, ZCP vi 70 . diollait .i. édach .i. brat ┐ léine, O'Cl.

(b) saddle, horsecloth, caparison (cf. díallait): is and rucad in rigmac | itir dirmaib na ndillat | fa roth in charbaid gluair gle | dar lean Mac Roth in rime (of Mac Roth of TBC), Lec. 368b29 . x loa .i. bruit derga nó bruit loi .i. pill nó echdhíllat, Ériu ii 4 n. 71 . Of the ass ridden by Christ: . . . oir nir deisid na hainminti so do sriantaib na do dilataib orda acht is o étaigib becca dereola ┐ ó dá tédan becca dereoile do hullmaided dósin iad, 3 B 22, 113a22 . for each mbuada cona dillait cumdachta fair, Aen. 722 . cu cengailtea a marcaig isna dillaitib orda ar omun nach lenfaitis dib, ZCP i 382 . daine sin [na] gnataigit dillata fothi iter `who never use saddles', CCath. 3032 . i corraib na ndillat `on the pommels of the saddles', CCath. 5669 . rotócaib sir B. in c[or]p . . . ┐ rochuir a ndillait an sdeda he, RC x 187 . glac ¤e fork of the saddle: dochuaidh a nglaic dilaiti in sdeid, ZCP vi 97 . ni raibi ridiri . . . nar leagc as a ndilataib, D IV 2, 41ra23 . iomadh dilloid is srian, Rel. Celt. i 162 .

do-aircheil, do-airchel(l)a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-aircheil, do-airchel(l)a or dil.ie/17130
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: do-don-airchéil, tairchela, dofairchel, dosnaircelae, tairchell

v (*to-air-cel-, cell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 482 ; see also GOI § 760 ); inflexion generally follows cell- (-a-pres., -s-pret.), but pret. 3 s. do-don-airchéil, LU 10867 . subj. pres. 3 s. tairchela, Wb. 9d1 , fut. (?) 1 s. dofairchel, LL 116b4 point to cel-.

I Meanings deriving from cel-. Hides, withdraws, takes away: temel imorbais Ádaim | dodonarchéil ar āraim Adam's transgression makes it impossible to count us (lit. hides, withdraws us from counting), IT i 133 ( LU 10867 ). cid aratairchela na túari why should he withhold (?) the viands, Wb. 9d1 (see Thes. Suppl.). dofairchel-sa giall cech coicid . . . acht coiced Galion I will keep back (?) a hostage from each province saving the province of G. (Lebarcham's `célmaine'), LL 116b4 . dos-naircellsat leo in dá chét míled isna saebchuthib (the sea-monsters) carried off with them into the whirlpools, Alex. 680 .

II Meanings derived from cell-.

(a) encompasses, comprises, includes, contains: tairchella híc tra huili dánu in spirito he comprises (i.e. sums up) here all the gifts of the spirit (referring to 1 Corinth. xiii 2 ), Wb. 12b33 . do-rairchel ilar tiri . . . fo choemríge he included many lands under his sway, SR 6797 . connaba cumhachta do nach doen ara tairchella rosc 'so that no mortal will be able to see them all', TBith.² 213 § 92 . mos tairchella ēm sūil dar sodain, ol C. an eye soon takes in that (C. alludes to his own diminutive stature), TBC-I¹ 1176 = immonderca súil i sodain duit, TBC-LL¹ 1848 . ni taircell Eriu irmar | fer fo Mael minglan Erin contains not a man like M., AU 886 = ni taircheall, AFM 884 . do neuch taircella a cōicet-sa all whom this province contains, Noíndiu Ul. 57 ( K. Sächs. Gesell. Ber. 1884, 34 ) = Harl. 5280, fo. 54a . salim Dūid ced duaircellaithir ind-ōenlibur, Hib. Min. 4.106 . rotairchellta na groige i m-medón na scor were enclosed, Alex. 700 . Goes round, makes a circuit of: co taircell-som in loch annsin, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . co tairchellsatar relic ┐ martra Petair ┐ Phóil, LL 281az . Hence O'Dav. 1584 : tairchell .i. timchell.

(b) hems in, confines, hence transf. keeps in check, restrains, guards: esrecht .i. ni thaircilla recht (a pet) is outside the law, Corm. s.v. esrecht = taircella, Corm. Y 515 . dorairchel ilar tiri . . . Dauid, SR 6797 . bruitne . . . dia tairchella(n)d a eochu, LU 10236 = IT i 311 ( taircillid, ZCP iii 233 ). cúachi dí or . . . hi taircellad a folt in which her tresses were confined, ib.; cf. LU 9276 , 9278 . Anecd. iii 51 . ni taircellam damu fo chuinge, Alex. 861 . Anecd. v 3 . maic becca doairchellat bó im airbetha, Ériu ii 206 . to-t-airchill guard thyself, beware, Hib. Min. p. 77 . dosnaircelae hule int saltair `the psalter restrains them all' (or subj. pres.?), Mon. Tall. § 39 . nís tairchell (tairmchell, v.l.) báise burba `did not hold sway over it', Metr. Dinds. i 30 . Note also: triath trom tremaetha Erind tuath o thuind co tuind taircella tomus, conid iarna durn toimdither let him fix measures, that they may be measured according to his fist (? chief's forearm, etc., being taken as standard), Laws iv 344 .

Vn. tairchell.

do-léci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-léci or dil.ie/18012
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -teilc-, -tailc-, tilg-, tailc-, do-feilc-, teilc, nachatelcid, darlecius, tarlucus, doreilgis, dorelic, teilcithe, telcud, teilcid, tarlaicid, teilcithiu

v (* to-lēic-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 564 ); prototonic -teilc-; in Mid.Ir. also -tailc- and occas. tilg-. For the stem tailc- see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 561 , GOI p. 532 . ? 1 s. dolegem, Celtica xxv 251-52 . Also with deut. stem do-feilc-. Ipv. 2 s. teilc, Thes. ii 258.12 . 2 pl. nachatelcid, Wb. 15d4 . Perf. 1 s. darlecius (?), IT i 162 n. 11 . tarlucus, 222.8 (LU). 2 s. doreilgis, 102.24 . 3 s. dorelic, LL 3805 . Part. teilcithe. Vn. telcud. Later as simple vb. teilcid, tarlaicid. IGT Verbs § 71 .

I Lets come, lets go, lets loose .

(a) dosleici Cuchulaind riam lets them go before him (?), TBC-I¹ 770 . nísteilcset a ndrúid ass sein would not let them set out thence, 20 . nistailcc Medb isin chath M. did not let them into the battle, 3538 . ni tarlaiced . . . dochum in chatha, LL 119a6 . snithe ōir fria etan conna teilged a folt fo agid to keep his hair from (falling about) his face, IT i 131.21 . dolléic sechund int ech-sin `let that horse pass us', RC iii 183.35 . — tuleic isin les, ar N. Dolleig an dorrsaidh seca let (us) enter . . . let them pass, xii 78 § 71 . rofurim a cend fond usci . . . nis tarlaic súas did not let her up (?), viii 152.21 . nachatelged i tír let him not allow him to land, Ériu i 114 § 3 . ní tharlaic Bodb . . . Cliach dochum síd fer Femon would not allow C. to approach, Metr. Dinds. iii 224 . ni ba comus do . . . cu telgi a drutha . . . cu pennaid he will not be empowered to admit . . . to penance, Lib. Flav. i 26 va . áilsi P. ara tailced maccu Cathbad leo P. besought him to let C.'s sons go, Trip. 342.24 . rí rochart Moise . . . co Forann . . . co tarlaiced uad clanna Israhél, SR 3831 .

(b) With DO of pers. lets go . . . to, gives up, concedes . . . to: dolleicther a rrígtech dóib the palace is left to them, FB § 55 . mad ferr intí dia teilge [inn abdaine] ar do feilge osar do tsinser, O'D. 554 ( H 3.17 437 ). ma tarluic a n-anail doib `if he has allowed them breathing time', Laws v 140.25 ; TBC-I¹ 2192 . doleicfithi dō a mbad sāiream na mban that the noblest of the women would be given up to him, TBC-I¹ 1126 . dolēicset dūnad do Muinn, 2905 . dolēcet a seotu ┐ a téchta ndó, ZCP xi 97 § 60 . dollēce (tolleci, talleci, dalleci, v.l.) dorche do sorche, dollece brōn do fhāilti darkness yields itself (gives way) to light (reflex.?), 96 § 54 . muna telgadh a saoire doibh unless he would grant them their freedom, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.26 . Hence absol. allows: is head doleici cét slechtain this is what he allows (` performs '), Mon. Tall. § 28 . Cf. also: ni theilgset dáil na dliged they admitted neither judgement nor law (?), LL 1214 = nir theilgsead d.¤ . . . i n-Inis Fail na fuineadh, BB 33b3 . doléci don (traigid) yields place (a foot), gives way (to): cia dudfailci don gl. cesserit, Ml. 111b23 . dofarlaic don gl. cessit, Tur. 99 ; Ml. 35a1 , 131b2 . ni tarlicid traigid seodo-apostolis yield ye no foot to pseudo-apostles, Wb. 23c4 . teilg traigid dom, TBC-LL¹ 2309 . teilgis C. traigid ar cūl dó, 2314 . is andsin dollēici C. traigid for cūlu re Fergus . . . ara teilced F. traig dō i llō chatha, TBC-I¹ 2153 - 5 . With FRI: doléicc fria dá bráthair marbad Pátraic left it to his two brothers to kill P., Trip.² 1491 .

(c) With FOR lit. allows to come upon: rí tarlaic Muir Romuir ruad | for Forainn cona mórsluag, SR 4021 . ri tharlaic cuce . . . na gorta fora cholainn (of Christ's fast in the wilderness), 7577 . dia ndama næ for tir .i. duleice in duine cessad fair (i.e. undergoes suffering?), Auraic. 1610 . ni teilg nech dib cinta for araile none of them has transferred the crimes to another, Laws ii 280.3 Comm. biathadh dāime tarluic in brathuir ar araile which the kinsman transferred to (let devolve on) the other, i 142.24 Comm. Note also: is gnáth inso dond óis glicc dolleicet forru in dáil that they let the delay (?) come upon them (i.e. suffer themselves to be delayed?), Wb. 13b13 (`pretend to be delayed', Marstrander s.v. 3 dál supra). occasionem damus vobis gloriandi pro nobis .i. nachatelcid fuirib let it not come on yourselves (i.e. do not transfer the boast to your own account; the gloss refers to the words pro nobis, cf. 6 follg.), 15d4 .

With I N-; nach ainim do-lece (dofeilce, v.l.) domaine i trebad which brings about disadvantage to the husbandry, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 24 § 6 .

(d) lets loose, lets go or fall (on), often in hostile sense, esp. with FOR of pers.: dar dreich ṅdomuin . . . dolēcub tonngur ndilenn, SR 2428 . roteilced sroibthene fornaib cōic cathrachuib, Ériu ii 140 § 142 . dia tarlaicthe athach uachta isin mbith, 134 § 113 . dolléicthe tri caittini dia saigid, FB § 57 . doliged coimrith con ┐ curad . . . da hinnsaighi, Fianaig. 64.15 . doleigid cáirigh neimhe a phuball rígh Lochlann chuca, Imr. Brain i 59.26 . tech lán do loscannaib dofarlaicthe dún were let loose on us, JRSAI 1870-1, 386 . tolléicset slóg fair inna dūn, Ériu iii 137.56 . (reflex.) dosrelic T. for sluag nUlad threw himself on, charged, ZCP iii 43 . doléig fá chathaibh Chuinn é féin, ML 28.16 .

II Hence throws, casts, hurls and related meanings: tarlaic .i. do chaith. tarlaicthe .i. do caitheadh, O'Cl.

(a) teilgc cenn meic Bachari 'mach, SR 6979 . rothilg . . . asa dilait é threw him out of his saddle, ZCP vi 29.37 . rotilgsit Sir G. risin sruth, 94.24 . dotheilg san chorn é, SG 240.27 . mo psaltair . . . dusfarlaic fon linn láin, BS 8.2 . do theilg san tobar é, TSh. 5052 . do theilgeadar cranncair they cast lots, Psalms xxii 18 .

(b) Of missiles: dolleici cloich asa thailm, TBC-I¹ 815 . nothelged a chlettini, TBC-LL¹ 892 . il-ladair rateilgthea (of the gae mbulga), 3874 . in goth néit tarlaic Ferches, LL 132a28 . tairlig a lig he flung his stone, RC xvi 147 . saiget . . . dusfarlaic Dallan, Anecd. ii 66.12 . na caertha teinedh do theilgdis dibh, CF 580 . tarlaicsett (sic MS.) cetha cruinphiler a mórgonnadhaibh they discharged showers of balls from cannons, Hugh Roe 314.14 . The pers. (thing) aimed at is introduced by DO, FOR, or other prep.: tolleice C. cloch dō, TBC-I¹ 825 . tarlacit dó na trí coicait bunsach, TBC-LL¹ 917 . dolléci . . . fidchilli don techtaire flings a chessboard at, FB § 61 . tarlaic sleig fair, TBC-LL¹ 2828 . tarlaicset Grecraigi clocha for Pátraic, Trip.² 1587 . dosléged tathbe[i]m forsna heonu, Ériu i 114 § 2 . bás Mongain . . . don ail do teilcc Artuir air, ZCP vi 269 § 7 . tarlaiced forcha tened ina chend-sum, Trip. 464.15 . dosléigi D. saigid isin choirthi, ZCP xiii 177.24 . rothelgiusa gai chucutsu, IT i 103.1 . doligedar cetha soighed ris, ZCP vi 60.19 . tarluig in sleig fuithib, Laws i 6.3 . tarlaic urchur fuithib, RC v 199.11 . Impers. construction: na Troiandai . . . tarlaic foithib co mor otconcadar a rigmilid do tuitim ┐ roascna uaidib a mbruth ┐ a mbrig it was a sore blow to them (?), BB 436a51 .

With transference of obj.: tarlucus urchur dom sleig, LU 3858 ( SCC § 38 ); TBC-I¹ 677 , 2499 ; CCath. 5611 . ní rotheilc imroll riam he never hurled (a missile) that missed its aim, Anecd. i 6.2 . rogab C. in Duaibsech .i. a shleg fadéin . . . tarlaic rout n-urchair uad di, CRR § 51 . tar gach ndiubhraccadh do tarlaicedh etorra, AFM vi 2308 .

(c) throws off, rejects: go tteilc gach dos dlaoi da clúimh till the bushes cast their leaves, ZCP viii 222 § 8 . ? imtuca (= imthugae?) dodafeilgid .i. is ferr leo ni ro do saidh dhe iar toga a mbas oldas a mbetha, O'Curry 469 ( H 3.18 246 ). teilgidh do dhruim a mheanman gach bagar do-ní Dia air amhail do theilgfeadh gallán gaoine an t-ord do buailfidhe uirre, TSh. 1943 . in chuid sin go dteilgitt Gaill may foreigners reject that portion, MR 32 . ní thorlaic side (chucai) scél Polidaim he did not reject P.'s story, TTr.² 1816 . teilgthear sealg ód chuimne forget the chase, Oss. vi 118 . In follg. exx. the idea is rather that of striking off than of throwing: buailis C. a ramhar a muiníl gur theilg in cenn dá choluinn, Ériu viii 139.27 . buaileas . . . do claideamh é gur theilg a dhá chois de, CF 102 (Eg.).

(d) lets down, lowers, casts down , with or without sís or similar adv.: dolécet huadib sís gl. demittunt, Ml. 121b2 . teilcithiu gl. demisso, 54d11 . condarlicthe tech immunn di nim that a house should be let down . . . from heaven, Wb. 15d13 . ind long cethararddidi doleced do nim, FA § 2 . telciter sís i fudamain iffirnd, § 28 . tōcbam cridi suas; teilgem gnúissi sís, ACL iii 313 § 19 . teilcid sís na seólu strike sails, BDD § 48 . telgid a seolu ┐ tiagait ar imrum, Aen. 106 . Oft. reflex.: a ndusleicet inna rind when the planets sink, BCr. 8b10 ( Thes. ii 11 ). doslecfitis nimhe for talmain the heavens would fall upon earth, Ériu ii 140 § 152 . talleici 'na slechtain kneels down , TBC-I¹ 1217 . dolig ara glūinib ē, ZCP vi 25.16 . condatarlaic frisin tenid sat down by the fire, LL 274b4 . nach duine dodforlaic inna fhoscudh, Ériu ii 116 § 50 . dolleci cach dib fria celi contuiliut they lie down in pairs, IT i 145.13 . Somet. with IMM in this sense: dolleici a cend immon cloich, IT i 82.2 . cloch fail i mmedón ind átha dosleice impe she seats herself on it, RC xiii 452.18 . commad im claideb dodoléced he fell on his sword, RC xvi 414.27 . Throws down, overthrows: dolleci C. a rrígthech sís, FB § 25 . lia mhor . . . co tarlaicedh a leth n-íochtarach do Chluain mic Nóis las an uiscce, AFM ii 646.9 . Hence by extension destroys: iss andsu dúib ind naithir . . . Dolléicetar iltúatha dí, TBFr. 415 (`many countries are left a prey to it', Études Celt. ii 13 , cf. ZCP iv 46.15 ). rochindistair [Dia] huili dāine do teilcend, Lec. 66b44 (confusion with dílgend?).

(e) lets fall, spills, sheds (extension of preceding): dofarlaicc déra, Trip.² 2093 . tarlaic M. déra, RC ii 390 § 19 . tir a teilcmis ar ndēra, ACL iii 311 § 4 . banna dorelic assa gruad, ZCP xii 379.8 . co tarlaic a déra fola, BDD § 106 . ni teilcfider fuil isin inud-sa co bráth, Trip. 470.3 . imeasorgain oca teilgtar fuili, Laws v 476.25 . doléci fuil draws blood (somet. with prep. ASS and perh. rather to be classed under follg. paragraph): ni theilcfet fir iffirn fuil essiut co bráth, LL 283b46 , cf. Fél. p. 152 . intí asa teilced fuil, ba marb re ndē nōmaide, TBC-I¹ 1488 . ní beo dia telcenn fuil he from whom it (a spear) draws blood dies, ZCP xii 244.13 . tuc fascadh ar T. cor theilg braen fola ar barr gach meoir da meraibh, CF 207 . In follg. late ex. apparently intrans. flows: da mbia an fuil tiugh ní teilginn acht 'na baindedhaib becca , 23 F 19, 7va38 .

(f) throws out, ejects , oft. with ASS: telgidh an t-inadh an t-aer as, Ir. Astr. Tr. 146.24 . teilgtear as na drochdháoine, Proverbs xii 7 . gach deoch no eabdais dusrelcctís hi frithisi they would vomit, Hugh Roe 24.1 = notelgdís, AFM vi 1918.16 . mad eisealbach an duine ┐ gurub baeghal telgan do denam do if there be danger of his vomiting, 23 P 10, 67.47 . nausae (= nausea) . . . maille re fonn teilgthe, 24 P 3, 56.7 . Loosely used in follg.: tarlaicc a cloidim asa tenntig he drew (lit. let loose) his sword from its scabbard, Grail 1891 .

(g) sends out, emits , utters (extension of preceding in various senses): tolléic a osnaid, FB § 88 . dauirtech .i. tech a telcter duair (focail), Laws v 102.28 Comm. tarlag-sa chucu . . . focla finda filed, Anecd. i 47 § 4 . dia ēcnuch ┐ aithisib . . . dolléici tenga cāich, Ériu ii 118 § 56 . Ferta Esclaim . . . a telctis cesta fir maith `where good men used to cast questions' (put, ask questions?), Metr. Dinds. ii 20 . ma dofeilget a neipert a narach doib `if they give their word as a bond (?)' (Plummer MS. notes), O'D. 717 ( H 3.17 523 ). a ghnúis do theilg ruithneadh róis, A. Ó Dálaigh xx 14 . doléci anáil exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach anossa? uair is menic rothelcis anallana hí, PH 8135 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala if . . . get breathing time, AFM v 1766 (cf. I (b) supra).

(h) Various: tailcidh bar ccurcha isin tracht, Anecd. ii 15.23 . rotilgedh ar in muir iad were cast adrift, KMMisc. 318.27 . teilcfidhther sil Bríain tar an Sinainn will be driven, ZCP iii 32.7 . ortsa do teilgiodh mé ón mbroinn I was cast upon thee, Psalms xxii 10 . íarraigh ar tús flaitheas Dé . . . ┐ teilgfidhthear na neithe-si uile chugaibh shall be added unto you, Matthew vi 23 . doléige i n-athghoirit gacha conaire lets loose (his troops), Hugh Roe 98.9 .

III leaves, abandons: tarlacmar ar tir tria bitho, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 52 . doléicfider Hēriu secht mbliadna ria mbráth, RC xxvi 48 . isin dara bliadain . . . dolléicset Gōidil Manaind, ZCP viii 327.33 . dobert side dó Mag T.; tallēicc a shíl íar cath C., 308.17 . doroiffnetar maicc ind rīg | co tarlaic tir nGoedel ngarg, xii 387.19 . (Fig.) nā telg . . . in mbrēithir adrubairt; nicon biad do māine dia trēicea, Ériu v 236.79 .

IV casts in one's mind, weighs, considers, forms an opinion or plan (late use): intí dar dlighidh nadura m'fhuil do dīn, go t[e]ilginn bāss d'imert orum plans to inflict death on me, Fier. 12 . gur theilg se beith a cumsanad (= ut requiem sibi daret proposuit), ITS xix 2 . madh ail leat folmugud ele do denam, teilg ce an linn as cinntach, 23 P 10³, 53b20 . teilgim gurub beg nach leor, etc. I opine , 23 P 10³, 37b27 .

V Intrans. betakes oneself, goes (prob. orig. reflex. lets oneself go): dolléci i mbudin Conculaind, FB § 11 . robretha a chlár cle frisna sluagaib, co tarlaic i Taurloch Caille, TBC-LL¹ 671 . in c(h)eili hi do-feilge don flaith the (other) client who contracts with the lord (goes over to? `der den Herrn annimmt'), ZCP xiv 392 § 60 ( Laws ii 338 ). ara telgdis ind loingsig dia mbailib ifrithisi that the exiles might return to their homes, BB 500a14 . romaedh marbadh na muinntir[e] meni telgdis uadh, 396a12 = mina deachdais, RC xvi 151 . Intrans. with prep. DO goes to, falls to (the possession of): o ré Cormaic . . . is doib tarlaic in tor tiar, Cog. 124.30 .

2 ecca ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ecca ? or dil.ie/19379

 

n daoine becca, étach n-ecca, ilar coca (prophesying degenerate days) ZCP viii 196 . Cf. 1 ec.

eisrecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eisrecht or dil.ie/19890
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: estrechta, eisdreacht

n u, m. one who is outside or not bound by the law: esrecht .i. ni thairchilla recht, Ir. Gl. 18 = esricht .i. ni taircella recht, Corm. Y 515 . Esp. applied to persons or animals or articles not amenable to ordinary rules (e.g. as regards distraint), as: (1) kinless persons (2) idiots (3) pet animals or toys (the more usual meaning in legal material, EIF 181 n. 162 ). (1) eisreacht .i. dilleachta, O'Cl. (2) ro boí mac fir an bhaile ina obhloir ┐ ina eisrecht (of an idiot) MR 274.21 (cf. rob aiti...eisdrecht ┐ obhloire, Acall. 3183 ). (3) cin cach eisrechta (.i. na petadha), Laws i 156.29 - 160.8 ; 162.23 - 166.1 . eisrecta tiscena (.i. na heisrechta becca...i. coin ┐ cait becc[a]), v 250.4-15 . milchoin ┐ eisrechta olchena, Corm. Y 1018 (éisrechta Bodl. estrechta LB). im esrechta macraide .i. catín no lúb no bacán no liatróit, O'D. 502 ( H 3.17 c. 405 ). Laws i 124.13 . re henaib ┐ re huanaib ┐ re heistrechtaib in tighe household pets Laws iii 416.9 Comm. The eisrecht may be a wild or a domesticated animal: is leith .u. seoit ┐ sesed eneclainne isin eisrecht n-allaigh .i. leith in neich dobertha isin eisrecht cennaigh, O'Curry 351 ( = H 3.18, 193 (b) b ). intí romill immum in estrecht truagh (of a pet fly) Moling 74 . Cf. eisdreacht, m. IGT, Decl. § 24 (é- ?). eisdeacht fada as fada dhamh | ar aba an eisdreachd abadh, ex. 844 .

foserb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. foserb or dil.ie/24088

 

Forms: foserba

n theft, pilfering (?) : foserba becca .i. mingata, O'Dav. 1466 .

frangcach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. frangcach or dil.ie/24244
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: Frangcach, Frangcaid

adj o-ā Frankish, French ; used in wide sense for anything coming from France, each frangcach, Leb. Cert. 246.20 . an bholgach fh.¤ `the French pox ' P. O'C. ; Párl. na mB. 1286 . coileach (no cearc) f.¤ a turkey-cock (or hen); cnú f.¤ ` walnut ' ; luch f.¤ `a rat ', P. O'C. ( luch f.¤ , Ir. Gl. 248 is glossed by the unexplained word `rula'). nox magna .i. in chnu frangcach, RC ix 238 . ithitt féoil cach uile ainmidhi itir lochta frangcacha ┐ lochta becca , Maund. § 114 . do cuiredh cenn Frangcach ... ar tempoll Achaidh U., AU 1447 ( iii 160 ) i.e. a groined roof, see RC xviii 82 ). fína frangcaich, BB 61a9 . sraindmeigil ind reithe frangcaig, MacCongl. 127.31 . tomus f.¤ (oppd. to t. coitcend), CCath. 3475 (this apparently is derived from a French translator. Cf. CCath. 1307 s.v. 1 franc). roléic Probus ... sílad francach fínemna (i.e. planted vineyards in Gaul) LL 143b21 . As subst. o, m. a Frank: Frangcach gl. Francigena Ir. Gl. 309 . pl. Frangcaid MacCarthy 288.4 . frangcaigh fochama, IT iii 91 § 128 = focama, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 67 . cf. Bruchst. § 36 , where Meyer emends to F.¤ fognama `frankish mercenaries' ; but F.¤ fochama may be two adjj. qualifying cuirn.

gataid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gataid or dil.ie/25452
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gati, gatda, gata, gatar, gataiter, gatad, gét, conna-get, gétad, gette, gatsai, gatsait

v Ind. pres. 2 s. ní gati , Ml. 106c13 . 3 s. ní gatda , Wb. 10b1 ; ní gata , Cáin Ad. 29 . pass. sg. ní gatar , Irish Texts iv 19.5 . pl. gataiter, ib. 9 . Imper. 3 s. na gatad , Wb. 22b6 . Fut. 1 s. in gét , 9d4 . conna-get, TBC-LL¹ 943 . Cond. 3 s. gétad, CB 32 § 32 . 2 p. ní gette , Wb. 9c8 . Pret. 3 s. (with affixed pron.) gatsai, LU 6691 . 3 p. gatsait, Lism. L. 319 = Irish Texts i 3 § 9 ( Rawl. B 512, 31c6 ). vn. gait, q.v.

(a) takes away, removes, pulls or snatches away. gl. furari, tollere (in purely physical sense) : gat a inchind ass, RC viii 62.17 . gataid C. in ṅgai ass removes the spear, iii 180.4 . gataid sidi in luirich tar a chend, IT ii1 184.10 . gatair a súile assa cind, Ériu v 209.24 . in corthi cloichi ... ra gat a talmain ... he tore up from the ground, LL 266b48 ( MU² 647 ). ní gattad (gata, gadai v.l.) dér dia grúaid, Imr. Brain i 46.17 . ni gatta a curp duni go coscairthea immi (of the gae bulga) it could not be extracted from ..., TBC-LL¹ 3875 . intan ba mithig a gait de cígh to take her from the breast, Irish Texts i 3 § 5 . conna gēt-sa láma dib I shall not remove my hands from them, TBC-LL¹ 943 . Cf. gat laim dimm na damtathaig, D IV 2 53vb19 . ni getar afaing asin churach-sa, Anecd. i 5.17 . gattsat a libur leó, ZCP vii 305.30 . mani ghatta in ceir estibh unless ye remove the wax from your ears, BNnÉ 92 § 202 . [na] gataid for sella do for feraib don't take your eyes from your men, LU 1776 . gaduis an tsleagh as féin, Keat. ii 3251 . nogédais tri semanda as cech sleig, Fianaig. 6. 22 , With obj. an abstract noun : gataid leisci lesoc `sloth takes away his welfare,' Laws i 104.5 Comm. in tan gadait clú na comarsan, PH 7684 . san aois féin lé ngadtar ... sláinte ... an chuirp, TSh. 2406 . With AR (or DE, rarely ó) of person, takes away (something from someone), deprives of (occas. but not necessarily of a wrongful act). AR : ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgments from them, Wb. 9c8 . ní gati eronn ón thou dost not take it from us, Ml. 106c13 . do-rarngart-side ... gétad Pátraic biu ┐ marbu airi, CB 32 § 32 . ní gata A. fīachu ar flaith ... ... dia mbī dír, Cáin Ad. 29 . gataid Bodb a muccaidecht n-airi, gatar dana a muccaidecht ar in fer atúaith, IT iii 244.33 . gautuim-si nem ┐ talam foirb, ACL iii 3.23 . gétat (leg. gétar, ed.) orat nem, Lism. L. 2133 . ni géttar nem fort ind-sin, BColm. 84.13 . in ní doberar indiu gatair air amairech, Laws iii 310.4 . nī gētam th'aird-mess horot `we shall not deprive you of your calculation,' ZCP viii 268 § 43 . ro gata a n-airm forra, AFM v 1862.18 . log enech dond fir ar a ngatar, Irish Texts iv 20.8 . With vn. as obj. : salm ... getas fair-sium cendsa in Chomded d'ḟagbáil, RC xiii 110 § 147 . no géta for a muintir adhall ... an tíre that his followers might be deprived of [the power of] entering the territory, Hugh Roe fol. 79b . DE : ná gad neamh dím, Cóir Anm. 214 . gad mo moing dīm, ZCP xiii 178.26 . gettair do chend dit, IT ii2 247.7 . ragadad a chenn don druth, TFrag. 42.17 . gatais Dōcha a chend desom, TBC-I¹ 2946 . na hi ... gatus sirg dona macaib beca ... which remove dulness from little children, Laws i 138.31 Comm. g.¤ étach : gatuid Fraech a ētach nde, ZCP iv 39.23 = TBFr. 201 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 148.28 . do chris cáol geltais ní geada | d' fertuis do taebh seda seng, IGT Decl. ex. 548 . With ellipse of obj. : gatar (bentar v.l.) dibh, ┐ dénaidh bhar ffotraccadh undress and bathe, BNnÉ 18 § 37 . gatsat dind eoch they stripped the horse, Metr. Dinds. iv 66.118 . ninderba, ni gat ni de, RC xi 444.39 . ó : gatuidh a lán eneclann uadh co ro ica in cinuidh sin deprives him of ..., O'D. 516 ( H 3.17, c. 419). rogatar ūaim cech sal may every stain be taken from me, ZCP vi 266 § 11 = Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. xix 367 § 11 . Do gadadh úam mart, IGT Decl. ex. 963 . Idiom : cid gatas uaib ... ci atberaid fria ? what harm does it do you to speak to her ? (lit. what does it take from you ?), RC ix 492.1 ( LU 1822 ).

Of carrying off booty : mor n-oir ... rosgat A ... i scoraib, Alex. 324 . ra gattá is ra brattá in slúag-sa indiu, TBC-LL¹ 6102 . Ecmoṅg rogatá a bæ ... rogatta do bai ┐ do trī meicc, ZCP iv 44.22 = TBFr. 357 . g.¤ céill de takes away the expectation, hope of (something, an event): o getar ciall don tsailtinchi `when every idea of the expectation is abandoned,' Laws iii 366.3 . `In calma gabthai fri Troiannaib ?' `Ragatad cíall deside,' ar in techt there is no longer any hope of that, LL 237a22 ( TTr. 1496 ). cech fer ... na taircébad ... dochum nEmna no gatta ciall de ┐ ḟocherte a ḟert ... arnabarach all hope of his being alive was given up (?), Ériu iv 26 § 14 . For further exx. see cíall.

(b) Specifically steals : bean gatas .i. doni gait, Laws v 176.2 , 10 . fer gatas, Irish Texts iv 18 § 1 ( H 2.15A, 38a ). gatsait latraind dá thorc díib, Lism. L. p. 319 = Irish Texts i 3 § 9 . a dhamh lé gadaighe gádthar, BNnÉ 243 . mór nogataind, Anecd. i 72 § 199 . do goididar na cristaidhi in stor, RC xix 256 ( Fier. § 168 ). a ghradh goiti his stolen love, TTebe 30 bíd na huisgeadha gadtha milis, Proverbs ix 17 . Fig. do ghoid ... croidhthe fear Israel, 2 Samuel xv 6.

2 íascach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 íascach or dil.ie/27107

 

Forms: iascach, íasgach

n o, m. (? orig. n.) (íasc) n s. iascach mBoinne, BB 267a9 (= iasc Boindi, Leb. Cert. 2.11 ). íasgach, IGT Decl. § 55.13 .

(a) Collect. fish: l. lin fri(a) haige altai esti amach. l. lin fria hi.¤ , Anecd. i 1.10 . ind abann so...nipa toirthech imm í.¤ , Trip.² 1723. issed arfurad ┐ arfognad Cuchulaind, i.¤ ┐ enach ┐ osḟeóil for Tain bo Cualnge, TBC-LL¹ 1955. a ceitheora buadh. I.¤ mboinne da tomailt ..., BB 267a9 . co ttí iasccach an mara ... co luath docom tire, Leb. Gab.(i) 266 n. 8 . trēicfid í.¤ aibne, ZCP x 49 § 5. srotha examla ... ┐ iatt lan d'iasccach, BNnÉ 56.32 . gleann na ndobhrán sliomdhonn smutach | ós cionn iasgaigh is binn bocach, Measgra D. 43.22 . bídh mortlaid mor ar iasgach ┐ ar piasdaib na fairge, BCC 68.32 . éanlaith an aieóir ┐ iasgach na n-innbhear, TSh. 2441.

(b) fishing, act of fishing: na maicc becca ... ro bátar ic íascuch, Trip.² 1694. no elaind as gach gabud ... a llamaib línaige ┐ a crobaib ségae ┐ o gaib iascaig, LU 1354. forcongair Brigit for araili fer dia muinntir techt dochum in mhara co ndernad iasgach dona haighedhuibh, Lism. L. 1639. do[g]nidis fiadach ┐ enach ┐ i.¤ , RC xvi 141.7 . íasgacht for íasgach: techt dochum in mara co ndernad iasgacht, Lat. Lives 85.5 .

imleód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imleód or dil.ie/27616

 

n [o,]m. the act of cutting; laceration: diles d' adaltraig dithle n-ingin ... ┐ imleo (imliud v.l.) leo ... ┐ fodla becca olcena, Laws v 146.8 Comm. in ditlach n-ingin ocus in t-imleo leo `the scratching of the nails and the cutting by them,' iii 293 n. Cf. O'Dav. 1146.

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