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1 áith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áith or dil.ie/2546

adj i

I

(a) sharp, keen. In physical sense, of a blade, point, etc.: amal in n-altain n-á.¤ , Ml. 72b8 . ette no benn múir no pinna á.¤ gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . mar bad do altain á.¤ etruim nad berrtha, TBC-LL¹ 1892 . gae aith etromm, 5570 . cloidem á.¤ amhnas, 5501 . bera áithe, PH 1204 . clocha . . . aithe, IT i 190.27 . in torc cusna eochraibh aithi .i. cusna fiaclaib birathi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. a sheanshaoghlach á.¤ ḟionnḟuar (to a weapon), TD 33.10 . Equative: ba háthithir delc sciach, LU 5920 (TBC) = ba hathidir, LL 12539 . Compar. áithiu cech delg is ou, PH 4136 . cia mes (.i. faebur) is áithe na glám? Ériu xiii 81 § 287 . slega ba haithiu rinde, BB 490a16 . Superl. cía háithemh eó? what is sharpest of points? (of satire), Ériu xiii 25.6 . Cf. O'Dav. 40 , 770 . Compd. ¤rind: tar éis Bresail á. áith, Metr. Dinds. iv 144.6 . ? guaire aithrind fair he had sharp-pointed bristles (of a sea-cat), BNnÉ 77 § 146 = g. aitenndai, Lism. L. 3798 (cf. adrind).

(b) Of mental powers keen, acute, sensitive: ba há.¤ á inntlecht, MacCongl. 17.11 . ropat áithe étrumma a bretha ┐ a chocerta, Tec. Corm. § 6.49 . Cellachán á.¤ imgrind, Ériu i 128.18 . no shárgind én aith im og I used to rob the keen bird of its egg, IT i 158.12 ( LL 20181 ). gan fhear gcoimhghníomha an fhéil á.¤ , DDána 91.41 . einech urlam á.¤ , KMMisc. 274 § 67 . Compds. ¤-airec: aith-airec acutum inuentum , Hib. Min. 8.253 . ¤-chíall: in drui sin amnas co n-aithcheil (: Béil), LL 17750 .

(c) quick, active, keen: at aithi athluma for n-errid, BB 429b35 . a óghmhacaoimh á. éadtruim, DDána 67.13 . aith .i. luath ut est aithem gaibes tuinide .i. is aithi no is oibne gaibis tuinide ma don teallach medhónach (= is aithiu aem .i. is luaithiu, Laws iv 2.10 Comm. ). Nó aith .i. gér, ut est aith amail altain, O'Dav. 126 . aith .i. ger no luath, O'Cl. Adv. ro lenait . . . co haith, Cog. 76.12 . o romgeibh fúacht isind aigh / tigim go háith 'na aghaidh, BS 58 . ? aith ro classa ri airbriu / di ráith fri daigniu demniu, LL 705 (ait aitt v.l., ITS xxxix 170 § 12 ). Compd. tar tuinn anfaidh áithneartmhara, DDána 89.8 .

II Subst.: áith éachtach comhlainn (of a sword), Measgra D. 14.25 . ? esbadach aith īarna dīth inna thacht (of a pig), (B. na f.), Ériu vii 6 § 7 . ? aith cen lén (cheville), SR 5249 .

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil , Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

Bel(l)taine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bel(l)taine or dil.ie/5631
Last Revised: 2013

n Appar. io, m. or n. in Lament 10 cited below, but f. in later lang. `the month of the beacon-fire', Pokorny, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 134 ; see also Études Celt. vi 65. time of the beginning of summer ; May ; first of May : belltaine .i. beil-tine .i. tene bil, Corm. Y 122. O'Mulc. 150. Note further Bil .i. o Biel .i. dia idal, 149 . nó co beldine ' diu . . . doaselbti dine gacha ceathra for seilb Beil. Beldine iarum bel-dine, dine cecha cethrai, ZCP iii 246.4 , 6 (Tochm. Emire). is dé roinn nobid for an mpliadain and .i. in samrad (sic leg.) o beltine co samfuin ┐ in gemred o samfuin co beltine, 245.26 , 27 . ón teinidh sin do-níthí i n-onóir do Bhéil ghairmthear Bealltaine don fhéil uasail ar a bhfuil lá an dá apstal mar atá Pilip ┐ Seamus; Bealltaine .i. Béilteine nó teine Bhéil, Keat. ii 3833. i mbelltaine `in May', Laws i 132.13 Comm. cus na belltanaib bida nesom `to the next May-days', ii 390.20 . ó belltaine co belltaine, iii 142.19 Comm. an treas lá do mhí na bealtuine, ZCP i 118.22 . gort i mbrāen mbelltaini a field in a May shower, ACL iii 238 § 5 ( Aithd. D. 80.5 ). braen na Bealltaine, Stair Erc. 2104. ada buada belltaine: / coirm, mecoin, suabais serig, Hib. Min. 49.4 . it falte na hingina / o thic doib co beltene (: sentane) `Mayday', Lament 10 (see note). la ria mBhealltaini `on the eve of May Day', Ann. Inisf. 1230.1 . imm lóei belltaine, LB 101 marg. inf. In n. pr. Gilla Crist Húa Mael-belltaine, RC xviii 191.14 (Tig.).

bélmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bélmar or dil.ie/5634

adj o, ā (bél) big-lipped ; -mouthed : ben b.¤ már dub duabais, BDD² 354. lāech . . . ossē brūach bēlmar, mēit a bēil beōlu eich, TBC-I¹ 3301 = TBC-LL¹ 5399 , TBC St. 4407.

bíail, biáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíail, biáil or dil.ie/5823

Forms: biáil, biail, bíail, bieil, biel, bela, béla, bela, bealaib

n i, m., later also f. (see LU 9031 , Tur. 131 cited below); Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 311 , ii 54 , GOI § 106 , § 302 (fem.). n s. biáil, Sg. 46b6 , biail, 67a6 , Tur. 131 , bíail, LU 9015. bieil, LL 13608 ( Irish Texts i 34 § 6 ). biel, Ériu i 44.3 . g s. in bela , Ml. 112b12 . béla, LL 13582 ( Irish Texts i 33 § 2 ). a pl. bela, O'Mulc. 809. d pl. bealaib, Aisl. Tond. 101 § 2.

Axe, hatchet; battle-axe: gl. securis, Sg. 46b6 , 67a6 , biáil .i. bithail .i. bí fæbar, Thr. Ir. Gl. 7. im biaill .i. bis ina ail ina aititin; no aill ni isin bith, no bith hail le ni na hail .i. in tuath conadh, Laws i 124.14 , 138. z Comm. docer in biail dia samthig, Tur. 131. Of working implements: fidba[e], biáil, gaí gona cethra[e], Críth G. 180. ogam tirda . . . .i. biail, loman, fidba, strathar, Auraic. 5725. nech immaber biail i n-domnach . . . dílsi a bela (belu, beeola, v.ll.), Ériu ii 206 § 27. doḟoíd . . . a gilla . . . co Ecet Salach (i.e. a smith) do chor béla i tenid, LL 13582 ( Irish Texts i 33 § 2 ). co laignib ┐ bacaib ┐ belaib, Dinds. 20.4 . cia buailter do bielaib ┐ ordaib, Ériu ii 114 § 44. cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil (biail, v.l.), Fraech 227 . i fomailt do bela, do fidbai `for wearing down thy hatchet', Laws i 166.25 . sair ┐ thuithait ┐ cach aes tail ┐ beili, gad ima beli, ii 118.25 Comm. biail imfaebur, for lar rig treibi, iii 272.23 .i. slan don mogaid ma beir ime faebur ac a beil , 25 Comm. = bíail .i. tuagh . . . .i. is [s]lán don mogha faobur a biaile d'imirt ar lar tighi in righ, O'Dav. 313. tairnid . . . in mbial fora munél ┐ a cul rempi, LU 9031 ( FB 78 ). iar cor dó brechta hi fáebur in bélae, 9027 note ( FB 77 ). ider díul an biala, RC xiii 30.9 . beim do biail, 10. fuaim biaili ic brudh bidbadh, CCath. 6077. ro ghabhadar do beimennaib borbnertmara . . . fair do biailibh bellethna `broad-bladed axes', Stair Erc. 2188. rongabh biail mbithgéir ina laimh, AFM iii 178.18 . eatham frichnama, Laws iv 276.5 .i. tir in bela som `axe-land', 15 Comm. In n.loc.: ó Thulaig Béla buide (: ména), Metr. Dinds. iv 226.15 .

biraitse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. biraitse or dil.ie/5939

n (Engl. loanword): d'innsaigid béil dorais a biraidse na cathrach `advance to the very bridge -gate of their stone keep', Caithr. Thoirdh. 25.36 . go biraitsi, 26.4 .

blaisid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blaisid or dil.ie/6052

Forms: blasaid, mlaissiud, blasad, blasacht

v (earlier mlaisid) also blasaid. tastes: at manna milsi blaissetar, LL 346ay . fer no blaissed a loimm, 13381 ( RC viii 54.6 ). cach aen rot-blaisi `whomsoever tasted it (sc. the well of Zion),' Ériu ii 114 § 39. nach beoil rodm-blaisiset a thorad, 116 § 51. slóg (i.e. aingil Dé) ná blaiste (: naiste; blasda, blaisfe, blaisenn, v.ll.) bíad, KMMisc. 254.3 . co m-blasind ní do thorud chroind bethad. Ní blaisfea iter, MacCarthy 58.14 , 15 . tiagait . . . co mblaiset in lind somblasta-sin, PH 6364. dona daoinibh bhlaiseas a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh na n-ósdóireadh, TSh. 3751.

Fig. tastes (of); savours; has experience of: athgabail treisi . . . i cinaid . . . do beil , Laws i 156 , glossed set treisi ro blaissis (sic leg.) ot bel, 162.7 Comm. o blaisfidid (sic) don braen do neoch dober slainti doib .i. do Isu Crist, YBL 151b9 . an tan bhlasaid í (i.e. mil na mailíse), TSh. 7442. ní bhlaisfeam é go milis . . . mur Rígh na glóire, Desid. 1416. gur bhlaisiodar an Tíodhlaice Neamhdha, Donlevy xii 15.

With bás, bethaid, etc.: cia roblais bethaib (read bethaid, edd.) na blasfe bás (= quis est homo qui uiuit ┐ non uidébit mortem), LU 1417. acht ma blaistí bás (= nisi mortem gustaveritis), Lat. Lives 27.2 . ro blaisi bas iar tiachtain in tíre gen taraidh, BB 381a43 . ? atoncomnaic dib-línaib ar cach beoil blaisid écc, RC xiv 243.17 . cach mil beo ro blais bethaid, SR 8184. Der Báil bec di bith ra blaiss, LL 17354.

Vn. earlier mlaissiud, later blasad, blasacht.

bleide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bleide or dil.ie/6116

n m. (AS bledu, Stokes, Acall. Gloss.) drinking-cup, goblet: lind imblede (: emhe), IT iii 86.28 . .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. dar oe mair in bledhi isin fin, Lism. L. 4419. cuirnn náit copána naid bleidhidha búis ┐ bánóir, Acall. 122. bledi lán do fhín (of the Last Supper), PH 2990. bledhi (bleghi, MS.) argid ┐ copan airgid, RC xviii 52.10 (Tig.). blededha buáiltecha buis ┐ bánairgit, Fianaig. 56.5 ( Études Celt. v 12 ). conad iad sin bleda comardaigtir re cornaib buaball, Laws v 408.18 Comm. dealbhlasair buadhchlach bleidheadh na bruighneisin, DDána 70.16 . mun mbleidhe mór bhfairchleach bhfuar ` bowl ', Aithd. D. 9.11 . bleidhe béil-dearg óir, TSh. 487. a bleidhedhaibh bas no brócc cupped hands, AFM v 1750.6 .

bleith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bleith or dil.ie/6118

Forms: mleith, bleithi, bleithi

n f. Mid. Ir. form of mleith, q.v. b.¤ ┐ mbleith ┐ meilt, cóir, beilt lochdach . . . b.¤, beil a dhénmhus neith, IGT Introd. § 66. bean bheilte na brón—(cóir), ibid.

I

(a) act of grinding, milling: foremthes a b.¤ (barley), Thes. ii 335.31 . ocbleth bron, Corm. 14. bla muilind b.¤ the exemption of a mill (is when it is) grinding, Laws iii 280.4 . b.¤ a muilend; b.¤ a (leg. for ?) lam-broin dichmairc; b.¤ for libroin (see (b) below), v 474.3 , 4 . gen bes muilend for a b.¤ `as long as mill shall grind' ( Ériu xvii 74 § 7 ), Laws iv 218.13 Comm. focul fair iar na tirad cen b.¤ . . . iarna b.¤ , ZCP xiv 348.10 ( Laws ii 242.11 ). b.¤ i muilenn ná bróin, Ériu ii 202.1 . docuaidh . . . do b.¤ coda na manach go muilenn, BNnÉ 294 § 20 . naoi gcearna arbhair do bh.¤ nó do mheilt a bróin, Keat. ii 5232. Fig. of armed forces: tuc b.¤ mulind tuathbil forthu threw them into disorder, CRR 25. b.¤ muilinn tuaithfil orra, Cog. 198.34 .

Attrib. g s. fer bleithi ` grinder ', Laws iii 280.7 Comm.

Form obscure in: gelair scor glethe i ngurt ḟeóir / melair blethe sech mulleóir `the meal is ground', Metr. Dinds. iii 96.16 .

(b) act of grinding, sharpening (weapons): bai dono ben and fri bleth arm, RC xii 94 § 124 , cf. Laws v 474.4 above. a nairm do b.¤ , BLism. 226 vb11 (Acall.). fodhmhoir . . . ag b.¤ a ḟíacal risin cartha cloichi sharpening his teeth on the pillar-stone, Ériu iii 166 § 23.

(c) act of rubbing, chafing or applying massage to (the skin): conéraig in banchuire imbi ocon dabaig dia mblith ┐ dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256.

II Legal act of tending cattle (at a pound); `wages of attendance on cattle' (seized by distraint), Plummer MS. notes, `costs of (levying) the distress', Manners and Customs i cxci 1 See Binchy, Celtica x 48 f. : fogeiltad, ┐ mb.¤ (inbleith, 272.1 Comm. ) `(expenses of) feeding, and tending ', Laws i 258.16 . ar fogelt na ar b.¤ , 102.3 Comm. a naimsir fogelta ┐ blethi, O'Curry 2716 ( Eg. 88, 60 va ). dligid dib i forus fri mb.¤ `it (i.e. cattle taken for distraint) becomes liable for expenses of tending in the pound', Laws i 210.26 . fri mb.¤ .i. in screpall (sic leg.) .i. log fir fognama ┐ meich, 212.16 Comm. foghail ┐ bleth: foghail .i. na meich, ┐ bleth .i. in logh fir foghnama, O'D. 1564 (H. 5.15, 3b). Attrib. g s.: broga for aghaib bleithi `shoes on tended cattle', O'Dav. 322.

brúchtaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brúchtaid or dil.ie/7066

Forms: brúchtad

v (brúcht) bursts, belches forth; springs forth, pours, overflows : brucht .i. sceith . . . bruchtaid co sal co salaib .i. bruchtaid sim co salcaraib, O'Dav. 250 , Ériu xiii 44.22 . robrúcht in talum `the earth burst open' (at Crucifixion), KMMisc. 144.21 . a n-aen uair bruchtais a meas ┐ a mblath ┐ a nduilli `break forth', Dinds. 59. airm asa mbrūchtat Ollar ┐ Ollarba whence spring forth O. and O. (rivers), Corp. Gen. 121.24 . in ni bruchtas de (sc. claide) what overflows from it, Laws v 488.25 Comm. T. . . . asa ṁbrucht srúaim soïs `out of whom burst a stream of knowledge', Fél. Apr. 4. Ainle . . . / fris ṁbruchta muir mílach, June 21 . ? brūchtait bith / Fiachu Labrainn, / Smirguil, Smrith, Corp. Gen. 6.19 . brúctaidh fri híath nAnann, Ériu xiii 40.25 . flaith . . . brúchtas roimse robartai (rhet.), BDD² 1012. sāer sāerus broind bēlra bēil brūchtus ūad (rhet.), Anecd. v 22.17 . ro bruchtsat lucht na cathrach na urtimcill `crowded round him', Stair Erc. 467.

Trans. ro bruchtsatar eassa ┐ aibne . . . mur-bhruchta . . . cacha moir eisc `poured forth . . . shoals of', MR 102.1 . ? brúchtis bí a croith innallaili combu ógslán, LU 10610 = bruitis (bruigis, bruitisbe, brutisife, v.ll.), Comp. CC 6. orcc brecc brondḟinn bruchtas de magur fo muirib, Corm. Bodl. 26 (see magar ). brūchtaid in būar bódela (rhet.), ZCP viii 105.3 . gur bhrúcht sí (an Fhraingc) foirne uaithe d'áitiughadh críoch oile, Keat. ii 927.

Vn. brúchtad.

4 bus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 bus or dil.ie/7483

n (B. na f.) lip: for buss an tsuirn, ZCP viii 102.z , expld. as = ar bélaib, 558 . b.¤ .i. bel, ut dicitur tri-bus .i. tri-beil , H 3.18, 64b23 . See pus.

coidiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coidiu or dil.ie/10096

Forms: coidín, choiden, cóidiu

n n, m. (cf. Lat. catinus?, Ling. Val. Ir. Ann. 73 ) Perh. properly coidín (cuäd). cup : rop ed mo choirm coidin midc `cups of whey', Lament 24 . loiste ┐ choidíu, Laws iv 310.9 Comm. messair méiti mo choidhin glain, Anecd. i 73 § 212 restored as choiden, ZCP xi 161 . cuidin D. `standing-cup', RC xviii 52.9 (Tig.) = CS 328.8 (dat. as nom.). cnó mor amal cóedi (not translated) (cóedi is appar. for cóidiu a p. of cúad) RC ix 466.10 . ag comhól . . . dá gcoidhinibh béil-fhliucha, DDána 384.10 . ? cuirrel .i. comrair, nó coithin, O'Curry 1286 ( H 3.18, 535 ).

coimge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimge or dil.ie/10201

Forms: coimde, comga, comda, comhda, coimdhe, coimhdhe, comhdha, comga, comhdha, coimdigh

n coimde, comga, comda (com + 1 aige? See also s. cuime) comhda coimdhe f., IGT Decl. § 3 . ? Cf. comaid (ón choimhde), § 10 . coimhdhe: oirbhe, Aithd. D. 1.18 . comhdha: toghla, 50.4 . comga: dolma, Gorm. March 14 . comhdha: forccla, BNnÉ 219.z . coimdigh, TTebe 4855 v.l.

Act of protecting, safeguarding; protection, safe keeping : Crist dia chomge dia chommorad, LL 27992 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 162.228 ). ni comga in cél ni coma / is domna der conduba, 26219 . in bratt condaig Fer Berna / acht ni trebrad ní c.¤ , 26190 . condechaid G. for comde F., ZCP xii 375.4 . is coimdhe do churchánaibh / snam ar gach sribaill ṡrianaigh, KMMisc. 313.26 . secht cloidme . . . / dom ch.¤ , 254.5 . ag ar gcoimhdhe, DDána 26.18 . labhair dar gcomhdha ar an gcrann, A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 9 . nír comga dáib a ndoicheall their churlishness was no protection to them, Ériu iv 118.4 . for a comdha `on his guard', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.9 (cf. coimét). na slóig a coimdi an cuiri, Hy Fiach. 264.7 . ro cuireadh esidhe . . . dia chomhdha go trétúrdha don tor, AFM vi 2258.w (cf. coimét).

Ref. to specific things providing protection, the protection so provided: bricht comga protective spell, TBC-I¹ 1889 . cnes cealtair comdha, ZCP xiii 175.6 . altram Néill im chomga cnes, Ériu iv 94.8 . eochair chomga cnis Hérend, 96.12 . a comgha cnis . . . .i. cathluirech, CCath. 5211 . cuaird comgi michíl (name of a hymn), Mon. Tall. 137.18 . cuairt comgi in aingil, Ériu xvi 31.18 ; 30 . cuirfeadsa coimhdhe conaire umad, ML 36.14 (a charm for a safe journey, see ML² 460 note ). is coimdi do'n tí nod geba ag dul for sed (a poem), Misc. Arch. Soc. 3.22 . ? nábad chomdi dó do banchéli a fitting wife, LU 10189 . coimhdhi bliadhna . . . ┐ éisteacht ris a year's safety through hearing it (a story), Dhá Sg. Art. 1820 .

With similar meaning in legal contexts, but exact technical application not always clear, see Plummer, Ériu ix 36 -9. comde ` guarding ', Laws i 266.11 . dlomtar fiadhain fridh coimde cirt coir, 268.9 . cach n-aithni co coimdi `security', ZCP xvii 58 § 73 . cach coimgi i lāim n-urrad, § 74 . feidli .i. fidh leo .i. la cethræ comge, O'Mulc. 500 . coimdi .i. comdedberus, O'Dav. 580 . is coimgi do boairechas dul a nairechas coisring, O'Curry 1851 ( 23 Q 6, 51 b ) = O'Curry 326 ( H 3.18, 180a ) = cumdich, O'Curry 1984 ( H 4.22, 21 ). coimde fuirre re aiseac uaithe, Laws iv 40.16 Comm. `perh. she is protected against having to restore it', Ériu ix 39 . coimgi an geilfine, Laws iv 40.7 Comm. `protection (or restraint)' (with regard to alienation of lands), Ériu ix 38 . c.¤ selba, expld. in Comm. as restraint on division of inherited property till a surviving relative also dies, O'Curry 400 ( H 3.18, 223a ). ceithre gona duine deithbire nad eillneit c.¤ laime, Laws iv 252.18 .i. . . . comoige no comhartaine, 21 Comm. ` external, material protection ', Ériu ix 37 (c.¤ bél ┐ tengad `ref. to protection in the law-courts as guarantor, security, compurgator, etc.'). c.¤ colla cetamus cach araile, O'Curry 383 ( H 3.18, 216b ). coimgi colla . . . ar na gona nach fer fine inaile, 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). fearr freisneis coimhghe ara cholladh caonchoimhge, 377 ( H 3.18, 214 ). cuic coimhghi . . . a do ra fini ┐ aen re hanḟini ┐ a do eitir ḟini ┐ ainḟini: coimhghi colla ┐ coimhghi selbha re fini; coimhghi laimhi re hanḟini; coimghi bel ┐ tengadh itir fine ┐ anfine . . . coimhghi laimhi ┐ bel ┐ tengadh masa comesargain di dibh cnedaibh i nenḟeacht ra fear cach dibh ara cheili, O'D. 2388 - 9 ( Rawl. B 506, 48a ) = cumge, comge, O'Curry 384 ( H 3.18, 216b ). atait .u. corusa coimgi ann, coimgi c[olla], coimgi selba, coimgi laime, coimgi beil, coimgi tengann, O'Curry 2310 ( Eg. 88, 24(25)a ). tiugradh cach coimdi .i. in laingfitir, O'Curry 513 ( H 3.18, 259 ) `concr. of the hobble on cattle', Plummer MS. notes. manar sechnustar beith fo comgha a sét dó, O'D. 777 ( H 3.17, 557 ). nach cuimde nach gradh bis uaisle log ninech dagra etc., O'Curry 2704 ( Eg. 88, 60 (61)a ). na coimdi bes mo logh neich atgair fri hinbleogain gaibi co dublad, etc., O'Curry 2705 ( Eg. 88, 60(61)a ) = coimdedh, Laws ii 14.19 . is tre ḟīr flaitheman comrara c.¤ cethre caich torith, ZCP xi 93 § 27 . Cf. caca ceithri c.¤ comrera cona cealt cona neart, Ériu xvi 65.49 . conad gile greine c.¤ mora deine eisce, 66.60 .

See coimded.

congnam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. congnam or dil.ie/12172

Forms: -ama, conganta, cungnamh, congnamh, cumnam, cumnad, cunnamhain, comnadh, congnomad, chuganta, comhanta, congnomha

[u,] m. g s. -ama, conganta. Vn. of con-gní. cungnamh, congnamh m., IGT Decl. § 47 . Verbs § 44 . Also cumnam, cumnad. cunnamhain, O'Curry 956 ( H 3.18, 413a ). See also s. congbáil and 2 cunnamain. comnadh, ZCP vi 48.3 . congnomad, MR 296.3 . g s. chuganta, MR 80.17 . comhanta, TD 16.49 . d s. congnomha (: Mogha), Caithr. Thoirdh. 50.19 . act of helping, aiding, assisting; help, aid : cungnum oc indill each . . . iasacht cungnuma do baethaib, Laws v 490.1 . coimthecht coṅgnam caín (rhet.), LL 14372 . cunum béil ┐ láimhe help in word and deed, Hy Maine 161.4 . na conganta budh cáir dhamh, IGT Decl. ex. 1278 . cabair na cughnómad, MR 238.16 . áireamh do ríoghradh / nach congnamh a mbeith líonmhar `their numerousness avails you not', Content. v 126 . ar chleith cunga (sic) eturra `all help being denied him', Caithr. Thoirdh. 129.21 . Gramm. of mutations in case of words beg. with vowels: trí conganta na nguthaidhe ó chonnsuinibh (t, n, h), IGT Introd. § 18 .

With prepp. do chongnum ┐ do chobair dóibh, TTr.² 1687 . do cunnadh do Sir B., ZCP vi 296.11 . do chuṅgnam frimm anmain, Fél. Ep. 296 . adeochosa . . . inna husci do ch.¤ frim, LU 5513 (TBC). dogénsa congnom latt, LU 6088 n. ar chongnum leo `for helping them', RC xvii 406.20 (Tig.). congnamh liom fam leigin suas, DDána 26.32 . biaidh congnamh ardnaomh Éireann / ar shluagh . . . Ó gC. help against, 95.21 . cuiridh-si cumnadh aran cathraigh do gach taebh di `put auxiliaries round the city', Stair Erc. 2133 . naoi fichit ponnta . . . hi ccongnamh as a help, Hugh Roe² 188.8 .

Attrib. g s. a n-aés conganta helpers, AFM vi 2270.1 . dochuir fios ar a cairdibh conganta, BNnÉ 168 § 4 . 'n-a fhior chonganta, DDána 104.5 . do rinn ceardcha an chungnuma (a leader), IGT Verbs ex. 399 .

Daigre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Daigre or dil.ie/14189
Last Revised: 2013

io, npr. m. Rawl. 160 a . Acall. 652 . atrubairt Daigri dergmór, LL 204 b 48 . mac hui D.¤ , RC xxv 346 . Rawl. 89 h 39 . Diarmitius alumnus Daigri, AU i 302. 16 . da Daigri, LU 76 a 18 . Carric Dagri (n. l.), Thes. ii 263. 36 . Cell Hua nDaighre, TFrag. 182. 9 .— D.¤ mac Aengussa, BB 84 a 33 . D.¤ mac Beil , 141 b 27 , d 17 . D.¤ mac Coibdenaig, 141 d 13 , 17 . D.¤ mac Eangain, 157 b 5 . D.¤ mac Enna Labrada, LL 389 b 38 . D.¤ mac Labrada, BB 133 b 49 . D.¤ mac Luchti, 196 c 20 . D.¤ mac Urchocho, 218 c 39 . Doigre Lomain, 12 a 38 (incorrect ref., ZCP x 364 ).

dliucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dliucht or dil.ie/17032
Last Revised: 2013

ind u (cf. dlecht, dligid) right, privilege, prerogative, due; rule, regulation : algen fri cech ndlicht (dliucht, v.l.) 'gentle with regard to every rule (regulation)' Ériu iii 106 § 41a (Rule of Ailbe) , xxxii 76 . .i. cinned, O'Dav. 638 . .i. slonnadh .i. cendfhocrus fil ann, H 2.15A, 117b . .i. slicht .i. cendfochras, Anecd. v 22 . d.¤ (.i. slicht .i. cendfochras) sāer sāerus broind bēlra bēil , 17 .

doḟulang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doḟulang or dil.ie/17712

n (cf. prec.) intolerable pain, feeling of oppression (?): bi teas ┐ tinneas ┐ gearuidheacht ┐ d.¤ ann, 3 C 19, 219 ra 34 . stupor ┐ sincopis ┐ dofhulung ┐ mifhoighidne, 215 vb 1 . re d.¤ na hanala ┐ re teinnes beil an ghaile, 20 ra 21 .

2 fertas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 fertas or dil.ie/21762

Forms: fersad, —aid, feartas, fearsad

n ā, f. (prob. same word as prec.), later fersad, —aid, feartas, IGT, Decl. § 12 . fearsad, § 54 . A raised bank or ridge of earth or sand, gen. of a bar or shallow near the sea-shore or a ford in a river ;common in place-names. f.¤ mara, O'Mulc. 524 . tré ḟertais mara, IGT, Decl. ex. 552 . is and fóḟuair Pátraic in fertais .i. conucbad in talam súas fó P. isind áth ┐ fógabat ind éolaig béos in n-escir sin, Trip.² 1027 . do luid ... for Fertais Tuama (ford on the r. Bann) 1954 = per Fersait Tuama, Colgan, Trias Thaum. 148 . for fertais Locha Echtra, LU 5089 . TBC-LL¹ 1172. 1192 . Fearsad Treisi `T.'s ferry' Metr. Dinds. iii 424.33 . go Fearsaid Tresi, Hy Fiach. 8.16 . don taobh araill d'Fearsait Ṡúilidhi, AFM v 1610.20 . go rangattar ... tar an ffersait ar bá haithbe ann ib. y 0 . ro líon an mhuir isin ffersait tarsa ttangatar, 1614.21 . maidhm Feirtsi Súilighe (`i.e. trajectus or crossing of the Swilly, now Farsetmore,' O'Don. note) ii 958.7 . Cf. caislén Beoil Feirste (Belfast) iv 1100.7 (expld. by O'Don. note, as `the mouth of the r. Fersat'). c. Beil Feirsdi, AU iii 258 . srotha ... Bheóil Ḟeirsdi (: meisgi) IGT, Decl. ex. 1408 . In extended sense : os fertais blae on the ridge (crest) of the plain (?) Acall. 4114 . for fertas in betha on the face of earth LU 10827 (cf. similar use of druim(m)). See Hog. Onom. s.v. Fertas, Fersat and Feirste.

fomatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fomatu or dil.ie/23209

n understanding, stipulation (?), in Laws: ben adguid aitiri De no duine ï f.¤ a cuirp (.i. ... i foimtin a cuirp), Laws v 272.9 (274 x ; `Darbietung' Bürgschaft p. 73 ) = i fomataid ... [.i. ... i faemad], O'Dav. 913 . secht mna ... ada tualuing taburta a corp i fomata lanamnuis `in acceptance of cohabitation' Laws v 272.11 . fomatu [fomata v.l.] .i. aittitin, ut est co fomatu fri bleith ... nó co faemaititin a mbiata d'íc frisna etirib (of cattle in pound) O'Dav. 923 . ar fomata a beil do giallna (i.e. a verbal pledge ?) ib.

Cf. foimtiu.

gunna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gunna or dil.ie/26831

n (fr. English) a gun : do chuir se an gunna riu he pointed the gun at them, Rel. Celt. ii 188.23 . béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns,' ib. 194.12 . le gunnaibh gáibtecha gúasachtaca, ZCP vi 46.28 . dá gunna mōra prāiss, Fl. Earls 66.z .

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