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áirilliud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirilliud or dil.ie/2110

 

Forms: áiriltin, -tnea, airiltne, áirliud

n u, m. Vn. of ad-roilli. In pl. also áiriltin, -tnea (see GOI § 733 ); g s. airiltne, PH 7989 . Also áirliud.

Act of deserving, meriting; desert, merit: amal mbias a gnimh cáich ┐ a airilliud, Ml. 30d2 . connách moidea nech arbed á arilliud nod nícad `so that no one may boast that his merit saved him', Wb. 2b4 . is rad dǽ immidforling domsa ni mmarilliud, 21c20 . ind airilteo gl. meriti, Ml. 138c7 . moidem a arilte `to boast of his merits', Wb. 5c13 . cen airilliud gl. inmerito, Ml. 38d10 . hóre doroigu indala fer cen airilliud, Wb. 4c16 . as tria airilliud som rosoirad in chathir, Ml. 61d2 . ni ar far narilliud, Wb. 23c24 . it maithi a arilti, 16c11 . nítat á aíriltin fessin donárbuid in popul `it is not its own merits', Ml. 108b8 . cení betis degairíltin leu `though they had no merits of their own', 91a10 . it a ndrochairiltin, 103b5 . oldatae ar nairilltin-ni, 131a6 . a nduruimdetar airiltnea a rann `when they had weighed the merits of their parts', 87c4 . doberthar nem . . . / do chach iar na chainairliud, SR 1464 . bid uasal du airliud hi nnim, Trip.² 1935 . díam in áirilledh n-egma if this happen in a case of desert, Ériu xiii 15.9 . ni mor airilliud a torbai fri slan na somaine i.e. the articles do not provide much profit, Laws v 250.3 . secht rudarta . . . conoiscet iubaile a mbesaib a n-airillten i.e. according to the merits of their conditions, v 314.9 . confodlaither fo airilliud caich iar tir ┐ cethra ┐ urgnam i.e. new stock is divided (at divorce) according to the merits of the claimants, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 28 § 10 . la febas . . . a n-arilten fri Dia for talmain, RC xxi 376.4 . Cf. airiltean .i. bés. la feabhas a n-áiriltean, O'Cl. iar nairilleadh fochraicce ó Dhía, AFM i 366.7 . ba cubaid sin re h-airilliudh mBrigte that was fitting to B.'s reputation, Lism. L. 1202 . airilleadh .i. dligeadh is áirilleadh .i. as dlightheach dathairne, O'Cl. (= mithid dam comma Ceilbe / is airilled d'Athairne, Metr. Dinds. iii 54 . See Gwynn, Hermathena xiv 466). Cf. airilleadh .i. berrad, Stowe Gl. 214 . .i. berrnad, Lec. Gl. 378 (= araillid .i. bearrnad, 192 M ). O'Curry 969 ( H 3.18, p. 416 ). airellaedh .i. egcosc, Stowe Gl. 198 .

Hence earnings, property, possessions, wealth . Understood in this sense in Laws Comm. cid dobeir dire do neoch? . . . airilliud ┐ inrucus ┐ idna, Laws v 96.1 (text) a.¤ .i. im tochus, 3 . ara laigiut in airillte do ratsat doib, ii 278.14 . slan a gabail do goistib . . . do cairdib caemclutha ┐ d'airilliud fine ┐ anfine uile earnings(?), iii 488.12 . So also probably in: is slán a gabhail do cuicer na gelfine, ma ro gabustar d'airilledh fir anfine is errech indethbire, O'D. 911 ( H 3.17, c.649 ). intí beires somaine ┐ beires airliud in mairb, O'Curry 2085 (H. 4.22, 70b). comrainn dibaid . . . ┐ gach airiltin olcena, 2562 (Eg. 88, 47 (48)b). co ro-edprad in port do co n-airliud, Lib. Hymn. 87.5 . corragaib si in cucnecht da hes ┐ co ndenad deirc móir dend airliud `with the wealth', Thes. ii 332.35 . mar thidnacmit dechmaid ar n-indmais ┐ ar n-ariltne do'n choimdid, PH 4941 . coro-loisced sum cona uli árilliud, LB 26b29 . cidh ara ngatai crodh ┐ airilliud h'athar?, Lism. L. 1325 . rugadh . . . dearbhforgaill . . . lá rí Laighen . . . cona crodh ┐ co na hairilledh don turus sin `with her cattle and furniture', AFM ii 1102.z .

beirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beirid or dil.ie/5583
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: biru, -biur, biri, berid, -beir, -ber, berthi, beirthi, berthus, rom-beir, beres, berma, -berid, berit, berait, -berat, bertit, bertae, berda, -bered, -bertis, biur-sa, ber, beir, -bered, beram, beirith, -berae, -bera, -bere, beraid, -bera, -berat, berte, -berinn, -berad, -mbérthai, -bertais, -bēr, -bér, béra, bera, -béra, beraid, -bera, bæras, béras, -béram, -berum, berait, bērtait, bérait, béraitt, -berat, -mbérat, mbértæ, -bertha-su, no berad, -berad, -bermáis, -bértais, -mbértaís, -bertais, -berdais, birt, bert, -mbert, -bert, -breth, berte, ra bertatar, bertar, -bertatar, bertatar, ṁbertatar, berir, berair, -berar, berar, berair, bertair, berdair, bertar, bertis, berar, -berar, berthir, berthair, -berthar, -bertar, -berar, berthe, bérthair, berthair, bért[h]ar, bérthar, -bértar, bértha, brethae, breatha, -breth, -rucaim-se, -rucaim, ro-ucca, -rucai, -rúgat, -rucat, -rucad, -ructais, -rucca, -ruccæ, rucus, rucainn, uiccius, roúcos, ucus, rucus, rucais, ro-sn-uicc, uic, ro-ucc, rá-uc, ro-da-ucai, rofuc, rohuicc, -ruc, roucsaid, ra-ucsat, -rucsat, rota-thuigsead, ruucthar, -ructhar, -ructar, -ructhae, -rructhae, -ructais, -ruccfaither, -rucfaiter, ro-n-ucad, rohucad, rucad, uctha, ructha, ructa, brith, berim, -berai, beiridh, -berend, bermait, -berad, -bertís, -berear, bheire, -beraind, mbeirt[h]ea, berait(se, bérat-sa, béar, -berair, béaraidh, bermuid, bertus, bertis, ro-das-beir, beiris, bertsat, -berair, -beirthir, -bearar, béarthar, ruc-, -rucur, rucus, -rugus, rucais, ruc, ruc, rugsamar, -rucamur, rucabhar, rucadur, rucad, -ruccad, rucait, rugaid, biriu, berti

v see GOI 353 , 358 , 360 ; KZ xliv 113 - 114 . Also IGT Verbs § 13 for forms in bardic verse, and Aithd. D. ii Vocab. s.v. beirim .

The perfective forms are supplied by ro-ucc-. The O.Ir. t-pret. is often replaced in mid. Ir. by an s-pret. as well as by mixed forms of t- and s-prets. Later the perfective form ruc- (also in some contexts tuc-, e.g. TBC-LL¹ 2935 v.l.) completely replaces preterite forms as a past tense. For exx. of conj. forms see also as-beir and do-beir.

Indic. pres. 1 s. biru, RC x 88.2 (see KZ xliv 114 ), Anecd. iii 28.15 . -biur, TBFr. 131. 2 s. biri, Ériu xii 135.7 . 3 s. berid, Wb. 6a13 , 29b9 , TBC-LL¹ 1271. -beir, Wb. 6c9 , -ber, Ml. 86d16 (but see CMCS xiii 1 ). (With suff. pron.) berthi, Wb. 23a19 . beirthi, Ml. 42b7 . berthus, Mon. Tall. 158.6 . (With ro) rom-beir `can bring', 148.13 . Rel. beres, Ml. 27c1 , LU 3776 ( SCC 34 ). 1 pl. berma, ZCP iii 222.13 , TBC-LL¹ 477. 2 pl. -berid, Wb. 9d15 . 3 pl. berit, Wb. 18c10 . berait, TTr. 1599. -berat, Wb. 28d26 . Ml. 103b16 . (With suff. pron.) bertit, Wb. 13a16 . Rel. bertae, Ml. 63c18 . berda, Laws v 198.2 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. -bered, Thes. i 494.28 , TBC-LL¹ 403 , Ériu ii 222.24 (sic leg.). 3 pl. -bertis, ZCP iii 204.1 ( LU 9568 ).

Ipv. 1 s. biur-sa, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.18 (cf. Ériu xvi 76.25 ). 2 s. ber, Ml. 38c28 , TBC-I¹ 450. beir, Thes. ii 310.30 , Fing. R. 722. 3 s. -bered, TBC-LL¹ 5962. 1 pl. beram, SR 2744. 2 pl. beirith, Blathm. 99 § 29.

Subj. pres. 2 s. -berae, Ml. 74d13 , 94a1 . -bera, Thes. ii 296.6 . -bere, ZCP viii 310.19 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 . -bera, 43a2 , ZCP vii 308.29 , TBC-LL¹ 5963. 3 pl. -berat, Ml. 54a28 . Rel. berte, Wb. 9c12 . Impf. 1 s. -berinn, Wb. 10d36 . 3 s. -berad, TBC-I¹ 1337 , Ériu ii 196 § 11 , TBC-LL¹ 2488. 2 pl. -mbérthai (sic), LL 8051 ( TBC-LL¹ 595 ). 3 pl. -bertais, TBC-LL¹ 4340.

Fut. 1 s. -bēr, TBC-I¹ 1284 , -bér, BDD² 69. 2 s. béra, TBC-LL¹ 3689. bera, ZCP vii 308.10 . -béra, RC xxiv 198.5 . 3 s. beraid, Ml. 37a9 , TBC-LL¹ 1266. -bera, Wb. 1a8 . Rel. bæras, Ml. 94b7 . béras, TBC-LL¹ 3484. 1 pl. -béram, Wb. 29b15 . -berum, PH 608. 3 pl. berait, Sc.M² 4R. (With suff. pron.) bērtait, 4 . bérait, TBC-LL¹ 5773. béraitt, BS 94.25 . -berat, Ml. 54a26 . -mbérat, TBC-LL¹ 144. Rel. mbértæ, BDD² 548 , MU² 930. Condit. 2 s. -bertha-su, TBC-LL¹ 1047. 3 s. no berad, TBC-I¹ 1336 , PH 906. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 4300. 1 pl. -bermáis, TBC-LL¹ 1051. 3 pl. -bértais, Ml. 124b6 . -mbértaís, TBC-LL¹ 3616. -bertais, PH 599. -berdais, 611 .

Pret. 3 s. birt, Thes. ii 242.17 , ZCP viii 309.11 , RC xi 446. 11 , LU 10611. bert, 3160 , Metr. Dinds. iii 88.11 , SG 187.31 . -mbert, Sc.M² 10.8 . -bert, LU 10601. With pass. form -breth, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.19 . Rel. berte, Fianaig. 28.2 . 3 pl. ra bertatar, TBC-LL¹ 2875. Rel. bertar, Ml. 127d6 . -bertatar, 82d9 , bertatar, Corm. Y 1059 (91.7) . ṁbertatar, Tur. 130.

Pass. indic. pres. s. berir, Wb. 12d38 , 23c11 , 29a28 . berair, ACL iii 309.19 , TBC-LL¹ 2041 , LL 31255. -berar, Mon. Tall. 164.21 , Laws iv 62.17 , RC xxiv 182.21 . Rel. berar, Wb. 16d7 . Mon. Tall. 154.28 . berair, 155.23 . 3 pl. bertair, Ml. 26c6 , BDD² 212 , TBC-LL¹ 4722 , berdair, 4718 . Rel. bertar, Wb. 25c23 . Impf. 3 pl. no bertis , Wb. 16d4 . Ipv. s. berar, Wb. 7b4 , TBC-LL¹ 1643. -berar, Wb. 27a24 . Subj. pres. s. berthir, Wb. 27d13 . berthair, Ml. 37a8 . -berthar, 134c6 ; Fél.² Prol. 3. ? -bertar, LU 3295 ( SCC 9 ). -berar, PH 7563. Impf. s. no berthe , ZCP viii 309.15 . Fut. s. bérthair, BDD² 570. berthair, TBC-LL¹ 110. bért[h]ar, ZCP viii 212.13 . Rel. bérthar, Wb. 12d27 . Pl. -bértar, Wb. 15a3 . Condit. s. no bértha , TBC-LL¹ 1611. Pret. s. brethae, Ml. 52. breatha, BDD² 98. -breth, ZCP viii 309.24 .

Perfective forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. -rucaim-se, LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). -rucaim, ZCP xiii 179.11 . 3 s. ro-ucca, Laws iv 176.1 . -rucai (racu, MS.), Críth G. 601. 3 pl. -rúgat, Ml. 75b3 . -rucat, 87c3 . Impf. 3 s. -rucad, BDD² 301. 3 pl. -ructais, ib. Subj. pres. 3 s. -rucca, Wb. 12c32 . -ruccæ, Mon. Tall. 154.8 . Rel. rucus, Ériu v 128 § 35. Impf. 1 s. do rucainn , Feis Tighe Chonáin 395. Perf. 1 s. ro uiccius , Wb. 9b6 . ? roúcos, LU 869. ron-ucus , BDD² 217. rucus, ZCP xv 307 § 2 (Caratnia). 2 s. rucais, LU 8246 ( FB 19 ). 3 s. ro-sn-uicc, Wb. 5b3 , ro uic , 27a22 . ro-ucc, Ml. 63c18 , rá-uc, 45a1 . ro-da-ucai, 46a19 . rofuc, Ériu v 36.30 . rohuicc, Fianaig. 12.12 . -ruc, MU² 953. 2 pl. roucsaid, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). 3 pl. ra-ucsat, Wb. 26b11 . -rucsat, Ml. 23b5 ; 54d16 . rota-thuigsead (-huicset, v.l.), BDD² 200 - 1 . Pass. Indic. pres. s. ruucthar, Ml. 35b10 . -ructhar (perh. subj.), Ériu i 202.4 . Subj. pres. pl. -ructar, TBC-I¹ 1129. Impf. s. -ructhae, Ml. 104a8 . -rructhae, Thes. ii 241.9 . pl. -ructais, Ml. 125b7 . Fut. s. -ruccfaither ( rucfaider, LU 5395 ), TBC-I¹ 918. pl. -rucfaiter, 921 . Perf. s. ro-n-ucad, Ml. 104a8 . rohucad, Sg. 174a1 . rucad, ib. pl. ro uctha , Ml. 132a1 . ructha, 102c7 , ZCP xi 57 § 2. ructa, MU² 913. Vn. brith (see breth).

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. berim, LL 8688. 2 s. -berai, TBC-LL¹ 925. 3 s. beiridh, TSh. 9670. -berend, PH 7574. 1 pl. bermait, LL 17003. Impf. 3 s. -berad, TBC-LL¹ 891. 3 pl. -bertís, MU² 275 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -berear: dheireadh, Dán Dé xvi § 12 . 2 s. bheire, Duan. F. ii 72.20 . Impf. 1 s. -beraind, Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . 2 s. mbeirt[h]ea, ZCP viii 109 § 9. Fut. 1 s. berait(se, Trip. 238.3 . bérat-sa, MU² 320. ZCP viii 312.8 . béar, TSh. 10521. 2 s. -berair, Ériu iii 164 § 17. 3 s. béaraidh, Dán Dé xxvii § 3 . 1 pl. bermuid, ZCP vi 66.8 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. ra bertus-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2888. 3 s. bertis, TBC-LL¹ 4435. ro-das-beir (beras, v.l.), 4728 . beiris, ML² 396. 3 pl. ru bertsat , ZCP viii 104.12 .

Pass. indic. pres. -berair, IGT Verbs ex. 169. -beirthir, 172 . -bearar, Introd. § 13. Fut. béarthar, TSh. 1153. Forms from ruc-. Subj. pres. 1 s. -rucur, TBC-LL¹ 1870. Pret. and perf. 1 s. do rucus , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1277. -rugus, 367 . 2 s. rucais, PH 1868. 3 s. ruc, SG 112.14 . ruc (rugustair, v.l.), ML² 404. 1 pl. rugsamar, TTebe 3966 . -rucamur, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1901. 2 pl. rucabhar, 998 . 3 pl. rucadur, 405 . Pass. rucad, PH 304. -ruccad, Ann. Conn. 1307.10 . pl. rucait, ZCP xi 62.8 . PH 2002. rugaid, TTebe 4750 .

I

(a) carries: nosbered gl. crucem . . . portabat, Thes. i 494.28 . is do thabirt díglae berid in claideb gl. gladium portat, Wb. 6a13 . hi fēnai bretha arm laiside, TBC-I¹ 1279. ara rucca cách a mám `that each may be able to bear his yoke', Ériu iii 104 § 33. berid iarum a muicc 'na hucht `carries', RC xiv 246.20 .

(b) In abstract senses adduces; infers etc. (of arguments, facts, etc.): berit in soscéle do imthrenugud ueteris , Wb. 18c10 . dearbhadh eile bheir tu asteach other proof that you adduce, Rel. Celt. ii 293.22 . bertit alaili tra combad spirut nóib robói in profetís `some take it', Wb. 13a16 . scél asa mberar co mbad hé Find mac Cumaill Mongán, LU 10938. is edh rucc-som assin what he inferred from that, CCath. 3241. ná beir uaim nach fuair Féidhlim `do not think I deny that F.', Content. v 104. b.¤ dígail inflicts vengeance, punishment: amal adnaigther fírbrithem beres digail cech ancridi, Ml. 27c1 (cf. do thabirt díglae, Wb. 6a13 ). See dígal.

II bears, brings forth, in pass. is born: in tan ṁberes claind is failid iar sin, Ml. 129c8 . indí . . . duamberar cland, Mon. Tall. 132.2 . rugais toircheas is tú it óigh `thou hast conceived', A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 7. cia tir i rrugad Gaedeal `in what land was G. born ?' Auraic. 15. Fig. an tan ghabhas an ainmhian, beiridh an peacadh (= parit peccatum), TSh. 6970. tarnocht . . . beirthear sinn (= nascimur), 7722 . Of animals: bi slan oga ceathra an tollbaire beres ba, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43b ). Of laying eggs: aen ogh beires isin slíab sin cacha bliadna, RC xxiv 377.3 .

In more general sense yields, produces: berid in bo atúaid trian mblechta sech in mboin andeas, Dinds. 60. no berta na harbair fo thrí cecha blíadnae, Airne F. 352. Fig. tosach rabhuidh rug a dealbh `His aspect became threatening', Ériu iv 112.15 .

Intrans. absol. in: sanntaigh an saidhbhris rucus gu maith dot anaim desire the riches that may profit etc., Ériu v 128 § 35.

III judges, passes judgment (usually with breith, etc. in figura etymologica and with FOR introd. indirect obj.): cisí breth rucais?, ZCP xv 306 § 1 (Caratnia). rucus, etc., 307 ff. § 2 - § 52 . nách beir for nach néle gl. non iudicat, Wb. 6c18 . bat hé berte bretha lib, 9c12 . berir breth foir gl. deiudicatur, 12d38 . birusa for firu soera, Anecd. iii 28.15 . bertid brith (bertaid breith v.l.) for ēc Dēāth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 54 § 15. is me dano bæras mes firian foraib, Ml. 94b7 . ní berat fírbrithemnachta, 103b16 . ní ruc gói riam . . . fer rodhuc, ZCP viii 311.31 . biriu glossed brethemnuigim, O'Curry 440 (H.3.18, 237a). diamba brethum nis bera gan ḟis cin forus cin fasach, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii 145b). nāthó . . . ní rucaim I cannot pass judgments, ZCP xiii 179.11 . ber breith iter do macaib, ol si, cia dib gebus t'forba. Ní bér, ol se, acht béraid Sithcheann drai, RC xxiv 194.1 . rucc Maodhócc do breith air féin cona cléir . . . guidhe tara chenn, BNnÉ 261 § 221 . rugatur in cúaisti ┐ in breithiomh maróen Brian do beith sáor, ZCP i 117.25 . b.¤ fuigell see fuigell. Hence of dreams interprets, expounds: ruc tra Patraic forsinn aislingi `expounded the vision', Trip. 176.25 . ruc Ethne breith na haislingi sin, Lism. L. 800.

IV carries away, takes (with one) (opp. of do-beir) (freq. with LA with reference to subject):

(a) In concrete or physical senses: na berat a n-erpther doib, Wb. 31c12 . ni berthar ind imerge `must not be taken', RC x 222.24 . nī scarfam . . . co rrucsa do cheand-so, TBC-I¹ 1200. beirthe lais S. `S. takes him', Blathm. 97 § 23. in rí chon-daigi hi foss / mani-mbera latt, ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296.6 . rucusdar leis ar a muin é, Ériu i 124.27 . beirit a n-eachroidh ar aradhnoibh leō `they led their horses by the reins', Fl. Earls 66.21 . dinaib brataib bertae `of the spoils they carry off', Ml. 63c18 . genti bidbaid bertar (: trebtar) `guilty pagans who are carried off', Fél. Prol. 175. acht a mbértae eóin ina crobaib, BDD² 548 . no bertis Con[n]achtai a bú-si `the C. used to carry off her kine', ZCP iii 204.1 - 2 . fir gontair mna bertair women are being carried off, LL 11451 ( TBC-LL¹ 4722 ). beiris leis na curna, Ériu ii 186.27 . ni berend in gadaige leis acht a mbeir cen fhis, PH 7574. antí dorat as ē ruc, ZCP vi 269 § 3. nach feas cá galar rug é, Keat. ii 2118.

(b) In fig. and abstr. senses: berthi (leg. bérthi, edd.) leiss co cenn gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ba hé less nod-ṁbert `the purpose which had brought him' ( Études Celt. ii 6.2 ), TBFr. 156. bret[h]a barann coimdhidh cáidh `was subdued' lit. was carried off, AFM ii 594.19 .

V Hence with meaning carries off absol. and in phrr. b.¤ barr, búaid, cluiche, etc. secures, wins (highest place, a victory, a game, etc.): bid hé beras in curadmír who wins the champion's portion, LU 9014 ( FB 76 ). is andsin dorimgart-seom / a eneclaind for Midir / . . . / conosruc iar ndáil dligid `he demanded his honour-fine from M . . . . and obtained it after award by law', Metr. Dinds. ii 4.28 . créd ima ruguis an baire orm? Má rugus báire ort . . . béarad leat arís é, RC xxix 116 § 13. cia haca le mbearthar barr `that excels', TD 28.24 . ni bertais buaid díb they would not overcome them, IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). birt būaidh [n]-eccna / hi cūairt Éirenn, ZCP viii 197 § 6. ba mor do coscur chathbuadach rucas-[s]a tred chumachta-su `much . . . triumph have I achieved', TTebe 3178 . a mbuaigh ní rugadh a-riamh they were ever unconquered, O'Hara 3387. beirigh sisi bhuaidh ar gach n-énní dá ttairgionn a claoi, Desid. 2161. nobidis oc im[b]irt fithchilli cach dia . . . nobered C. cluithi na nona for I., Anecd. i 11.26 (SCano 358). ní rugadh aonchluiche air `he never lost a game', O'Hara 1373. ni rodam nad beir a roí `who does not win his battle', Ériu ix 49 § 34. birt a ráena forru he defeated them (in a game), LU 4984 (= TBC-I¹ 495 ). rucsat ar in ríg in raen `had overreached the king', Ériu vii 227 § 62 . ní biur do thóchaill dind ḟithchill `I do not win against thee at chess' ( Études Celt. ii 5 ), TBFr. 131. is [s]ainmuinter cach la fechtus bēus beress a tochell ( cluithe, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 ), Corm. Y 607. (with implied direct object) uair roucsaidse for nUltaib . . . do slúagaib na tíri sin you U. have excelled, LU 9205 ( FB 93 ). rucsat na Troiannai do daínib in domain amal nabad do ṡíl daíni doib etir, LL 32109 ( TTr. 1296 ). rucc (glossed ro dersccaigh) Ith do breithemnaibh a aimsire ar amhainse `I. excelled the Judges . . . in cunning', Leb. Gab.(i) 244.16 . is samlaid ruc cach ben dia seitche ar écin each woman forced her way ahead of her companion, LU 8256 ( FB 20 ). Cf. ro élaidhset ass na Gaill febh as déine ronuccsatt dialaile, Hugh Roe² 98.11 .

VI gets, obtains; takes: cach crich roucca a techta ni dligaide tairgille na smachtu `every land which has given (recte taken) what is lawful', Laws iv 176.1 . aisic na set rugadh do muin na comairce `restoration of the `seds' which were given (taken?) on account of the protection', 232.25 . uaire na biur (nach berim, LU 1567 ) th'ascaid, IT ii2 209 § 3 . ni béra (berair, v.l.) usce uam, ol sisi `no water shalt thou get from me', RC xxiv 198.5 . bertís dliged `they received their due', Metr. Dinds. i 24.18 . bērtait (berait, R) in coin, Sc.M² 4. ní ruc na cepóca cé ruc na heocha, Sc.M² 20(R) . Legal obtains, inherits (land, etc.); incurs (liabilities), is liable for: moirseisiur nosbeir co mbuaidh / cumal tsenorba ní suaill `seven persons obtain, with triumph, the `cumal tsenorba',' Laws iv 42.4 Comm. ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 141.9 ). iar n-ecaib in fir berius orbae a brathar `of the man who receives the inheritance of his kinsman', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 137.20 . berti `he (the son) takes it (i.e. inheritance of land)' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 156.29 ), Laws iv 48.3 Comm. beirid cach dibad ┐ cinaid araili `each receives the inheritance and incurs the liability of the other' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 149. 18 ), 42.31 Comm. (of tutors) nocha mberait cinta na mac bis ag foglaim foilfecht (see F s.v.) aca `they do not sustain the liabilities', 236.19 Comm. (of a woman's `coibhche') isin coibhche tanaiste is dá trian no beireadh a athair ann; . . . is lugha beireas brathair oldas athair `her father . . . would have had two-thirds; and a brother gets less than a father', 64.4 Comm. in fer berus techtugad isin ferand, 2.16 Comm. i n-orba cruid no sliasta a mathur beris sisi in techtugad sin `that she makes that entry', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 133.20 ( Laws iv 14.26 Comm. ).

In phr. b.¤ díriug `carries off, obtains' ( GOI § 381 ), see díriuch. With adverbial as takes away: rom-beir as Pátraic ┐ ron-bennach `P. took him thence', Lism. L. 513. rugadh dá sheisi úam as `two comrades are snatched from me (by death)' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 28.y . saves, rescues: mac side ingine Lōith . . . bert a māthair ass ina brú his mother preserved him in her womb (from massacre by the Aitheachthuatha), ZCP xi 91.3 . cred beirius C. ass cen tuitim limsa, FDG 697. With refl. pron. takes oneself off; escapes: not-ber as dom'inchaib depart from my presence, ZCP i 105.1 . notbeirsiu as fó chetóir, SG i 312.1 . nod beir as amhail as ferr cotniocfa escape as best you can, TFrag. 208.16 .

VII In expressions of time.

(a) spends, lit. takes (time) (cf. do-beir I (m)): ? issí no bered in sechtmad n-aidchi i ṅgalad d'ḟeraib hErend for in t-ṡluagad do lacht, TBC-LL¹ 403. With adverbial as: na beir th'aimsir ass do réir mian do cholla, PH 7816.

(b) Intrans. lasts, endures, keeps (see Duan. F. iii 47 ): in fad (sic leg.) bhéaras as long as it endures (viz. an duan-sa, 75 ), Dán Dé xxv 76 . fada b[h]ēruid (sic leg., ed.) `long they shall live', Duan. F. i 54.16 . d'éis na buidhne nách buan rug `after that shortlived company', TD 25.34 . béaraidh mé go buan, Dánta Gr. 90.22 . ? an feadh rug a teas don ghréin, 85.6 . beiridh a brigh a cnáim craidhi in fiadha deich mbliadhna fichet `the virtue lasts for 30 years', O'Gr. Cat. 230.9. With as: gurub meinic beireas an easlainte so as gu ceann ceithri la ┐ da .xx. ead that this illness sometimes continues, 23 P 10³, 35b14 . rucatar as in adaigh sin co solus-trāth ēirghi ar n-a mārach, ML² 1079. ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . do rugadar as mar sin go haimsir E. they continued in that way, PCT 392.

VIII carries off, away (from etc.) with prepp. A, AR, DI, etc. cf. IV; note b.¤ as under VI, VII. ni béram ass dano gl. quod nec aufferre quid possimus, Wb. 29b15 . bertair dano briathra asin stoirsea innun, Ml. 26c6 . nocon ructaisseom cid a delg asa brot-som nammá, LU 4991 ( TBC-I¹ 502 ). do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach á hArdmacha, ACL iii 5.30 . berid . . . a sūil asa chionn plucks his eye from his head, ACL iii 309.1 . ní berae a salm ar assaph tri nephscribend in tituil se riam `thou shalt not take from A.', Ml. 94a1 . rucad a rosc airi he (viz. the dying Cú Ch.) was deprived of his sight, RC iii 181.27 . etach berar do áos tuati a garment that is taken from the laity, Mon. Tall. 154.28 . nicon berat a drúcht dind fhéor, MU² 565. dos lēicim-se dō in ngaī cétna co mbert a lāim de it struck off his hand, Sc.M² 10. gan mharthain do mhac Áine (sic leg.) / rug don éigse a hamháille `has robbed poesy of her gaiety', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 . In phr. beirid ed di (ó), see 2 ed. ní berae siu hua duaid in salm so `thou shalt not take from David this psalm', Ml. 74d13 . masa indeithbir ro-n-uc uad . . . no ro-n-uc deithbir uad, Laws iv 34.32 Comm. tanic merlech . . . co mbered molt cech uare uadi, Thes. ii 336.43 . dia ructar (ructhar, ed.) ar mnā dōera uand, TBC-I¹ 1129. do-thíaguit na mná immi, ┐ berdait (beraid, v.l.) úaidib i ssíd Crúachan, TBFr. 131. ní huaibhse rug an nglaic ngloin, Studies 1918, 282 § 15 . cía ráott beres rígi Temrach . . . ó chlaind C. `what is it that deprives the offspring of C. . . . of the Kingship of Tara', BColm. 76.3 . bearar uatha an corp ré sruth na Bóinne the body is swept away from them by the current of the B., Keat. ii 5414.

With advv. berthus ind arbar sis `the grain carries it (i.e. water in gruel) downwards', Mon. Tall. 158.6 . acht a mbeir (sc. in gadaige) cen fhis, PH 7574.

IX carries, brings to, etc. (with CO, DO, DOCHUM etc.) (= do-beir). (Somet. with LA, cf. IV) berid taisi B. co Ros Cam les `takes B.'s remains to R.C.', RC xxiv 182.11 . forcmath mo brīathra, bērtait co būaid they will bring him to victory (?), ZCP xi 98 § 63. nombered cách ar uair dina maccleirchib dochum a tigid (sic) leu, Mon. Tall. 155.6 . beram co noibi nemthech let us carry it (i.e. the tower of Babel) up as far as holy heaven, SR 2744. go mbeiri Rí . . . sinn dochum coda na beathadh sīordhuidhe, Parrth. Anma 744. In more or less abstract senses: teinnes . . . beris nech cum atcomuill `disposes a person to dropsy', Rosa Angl. 322.3 . i toimtiu nábad do hierúsalem .i. opes nobertis, Wb. 16d4 . beirsiu lat é do[t] tigernu, Thes. ii 310.30 . noco rucaimse cend úain bic don dúnud `I am not the man to carry . . .' ( Stories fr. Táin 49 ), LU 5755 (= TBC-I¹ 1283 ). ? ní bertis da rótaib / ar uamain a cathmi, LL 6595 ( MS. Mat. 493 ). is do soscelu berid int apstal in salm so gl. transferre, Ml. 42b7 . cia beraid doib a remeperthe though he refer to them the aforesaid, Ml. 37a9 . namber du chesad `he applies it to the Passion', 86d16 . berir dano fri laa brátha, Wb. 29a28 . ruucthar fri cach rét it can be applied to everything, Ml. 35b10 . mad fri frecur cheill De nosbera, 43a2 . ae freslighe . . . cid la dechnaid berthair though it be included under, IT iii 74 § 34. nachib berar i smachtu rechta fetarlicce, Wb. 27a24 . nos berad i llías ṅgamna they carry her into, BDD² 76. bertair immorro da boin ind `are . . . brought thither', Dinds. 60. berthius C. mac E. i n-Aird Ladrann fodes immirge na n-Deisse `C. sent the wandering host of the D. to A. L. southward', Cymmr. xiv 108.4 . b.¤ i mmudu see madae. ros bertsat uile fóe in oenḟecht they all fell upon him at once, TBC-LL¹ 912. no-bar-beraid uili fóe sút, TBC-LL¹ 907. biru iarom mo chois forsan carraig, RC x 88.2 . ninruc for maith ar sóire `has not brought us to good', Wb. 21b3 .

V. freq. with prep. FOR (later AR) catches up, overtakes, etc.: b.¤ Tigernan . . . forru ic Ath Fhirdeadh `comes up with them', AU ii 120.1 . ni ḟil fiad arna bermís `would not overtake', RC vii 294.24 ( LL 29171 ). da mberthar ort, ZCP viii 541.6 . ruc an oidhche air `night overtook him', ZCP xi 136.16 . go rucc for esparta na manach `returned . . . in time for the vespers', BNnÉ 295 § 21 . mana fághbadh fortacht fá cend trí lá nách bérthai ara fortacht that it would be too late to help him, Expugn. Hib. 32. nach bérthaoi i mbethaidh forra muna thíosta dia ccobhair a ttraitte, AFM vi 1918. 5 . go mbéaradh (Niúl) ar aimsir Mhaoise san Éigipt `should have survived till', Keat. ii 243. ní bheir an athmhadan ort / gan a mbí id dhún do dhúsocht `no morning finds thee', Aithd. D. 8.36 . an trath beris se ar a leth dorchaigid se uile e `when it spreads over half of the moon, the shadow (of the earth) obscures it completely', Ir. Astr. Tr. 86.24 . d'éis leighis orchra Uladh / beiris ortha an t-urdhubhadh, Aithd. D. 23.22 . ní fhuil cadad eidir .s. ┐ .c. le mbéradh bogadh air by which it might come to be devoiced, IGT Introd. § 30. ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria .sh. is not found in any position such that . . ., § 13 . beires L. ar Aódh seized, TBC-LL¹ 3897 n . (of a key position) beire ar sheas meadhóin Midhe, Aithd. D. 15.13 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . is ar bhrághaid uirre bheireas, TSh. 2324.

With imm (= do-beir II (d)): arrombuí dech . . . do thimthaigib . . . issed bertatar umpu ind éicis, Corm. Bodl. 32. With tre: berir dano a ndede sin trisin testimin so, Wb. 10b19 . co rucasdur bern .c. ┐ .1. tresin cath siar sechtair he cleared a gap for 150 . . ., Ériu viii 32.25 . co mbert crand trít transfixed him (with the spear), LU 1576.

X With nouns expressing movement: berid iarum a cem annuas `he steps down', Ériu v 32.30 . is ing ma rofuc nech díb a choiss sech araile, LU 8253 ( FB 20 ). nach bēram oired ordlaig tar ar n-ais nō cēim ar culaib, ML² 1379 - 80 . hisse leth rucsum a reim he directed his course, Rawl. 87a29 , ZCP viii 264 § 15. bertais amus arna sluaghaib he attacked the hosts, 543.18 . ruccsat ruathar dochum an cleirigh, BNnÉ 34 § 55 . in ruathar ronuc fon sluag the onslaught that he made upon the host, Ériu v 240.30 . ruc sidhe dian dasachtach futha he made for them, Fier. 233. bheireas léim ainmhear inntibh, Content. xxv 7. béra ó bháirc a caladh chúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 1005. b.¤ súr, see súr. Note also: feibh as deine ronuccsat as fast as they could go, AFM vi 2120.21 .

XI For do-beir gives: bertais rabudh ┐ oirchisecht do she gave him warning and commiseration, ZCP viii 541.4 . co rohuicc secht cētguini `dealt', Fianaig. 12.13 . bertais beim do, ZCP viii 552.27 .

XII Various phrases.

In greetings, salutations; malediction, censure, etc. with meaning takes (somet. = do-beir): tabhair is beir mo bheannocht (addressing a letter) `carry my blessing', Studies 1920, 569 § 25 . berid Émine bennachtain ona flaithib ┐ facbaidhsium alaile, Anecd. i 45.6 . See bennacht, búaid. bērat-sa slán lim I shall take my leave, ZCP viii 312.9 . In phr. b.¤ airbiri receives reproach, see airbire. berid trīst ┐ mallachtuin nōem nHērenn take with you the curse, ACL iii 3.23 .

In phr. b.¤ aithniu (aithne) see 2 aithne.

b.¤ buide gives, returns thanks: `tucc dúin uile,' ol in cerdd `berma buide,', ZCP iii 222.13 . See 2 buide. b.¤ cádus, onóir (do) (cf. do-beir) pays respect, honour (to): onoir ┐ cádus don dardáin, amal no-s-bertís don dómnach, PH 327.

b.¤ díga di see dígu: fis a mbrígha do-beir d'ḟilidh / nach beir (geibh, v.l.) díga d'idhibh óir who does not spurn, IGT Decl. ex. 75.

With eól, eólas (for earlier do-beir): beiridh th'inneach iul do dháimh, DDána 74.67 . beir eolus díreach damh-sa / . . . / don chathraigh guide me straight, 73 . beiris Abán eolus conaire doibh lasin tapar, BNnÉ 9 § 32 .

b.¤ fis (a ḟis), see 1 fis gets, obtains information, etc.: ni berair let a ḟis ní as mo na sin `that is all the information that thou wilt get', Ériu iii 164 § 17. bhéar mé fios mo bhríathar = I will make known my words, Proverbs i 23. rucad īarum a fis-sin co Colum Cille `that news was brought to C.C.', BColm. 54.20 . birt (bert, MSS.) mōit/mucu búaid-Bairchedo (see móit (a)), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 2. bertsa mo chubus co grian / in gach cath andecha riam, SG 187.31 .

b.¤ do rogu: ber-si do roga anois cia dib gresfi dochum an chatha `take thy choice', TTebe 4321 . berid Sreng cuigidh Connacht do rogain S. makes choice of the province of C., Ériu viii 56.38 . rogha do ríoghmhnáibh Uladh / ruguis, TD 27.41 . maor rugas mar ragha riamh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxii 4.

1 blaí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 blaí or dil.ie/6034
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: blá, blad

n f. (? earlier neut., Études Celt. xxi 166 n. 71 ) also blá, blad exemption, immunity (from penalties for injuries, damage, etc. where an article, person, etc. was exercising a normal, legitimate function. In the first example quoted the connotation is somewhat wider): is tre ḟīr flathemon tēora blaī (blae, v.l.) būirig im cach n-ōenach . . . Blaī mescae im cach n-ōenach. Ala blaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter. Blai Tige móir Midchūardda medrait soír ┐ doír, medrait baíth ┐ gaíth three exemptions (`Freiheiten') from anger (Thurn.), ZCP xi 82 § 26 = tre blaí búraig, AM 8.68 (Rec. B) . ara feiser blai dilsi, Laws iii 166.17 . bla moga mugsaine (.i. slán do mogaidh in daire (sic leg.) ferrda do ní . . . ina laithrind comdligtigh, 9-11 Comm.), 174.8 . fer na mblai `the man entitled to the exemptions', 172.12 Comm. blad ord indeoin, 186.6 . bla con congal, 192.9 . bla susta aith ( .i. slan a mbrisenn in tsuist isin aith, 16 Comm. ), 220.15 . bla crand cutaim, acht arfogra riam (.i. slan don ti benus in crand da tuitim, 4 Comm.), 224.3 . bla cumaile lec ┐ losat, 274.18 . bla aindir et, 292.1 . caite blad ercaile cach slan cach ruidleas, Laws iii 94.19 = bla .i. slan, caiti bla, cach slan gach ruidhleas, O'Dav. 302. Cf. bladh (blath, bla, v.ll.) slán, Metr. Gl. 25 § 20. bla carbat aenach ( .i. slan don ti beires in carbat isin aenach, 23 Comm. ), Laws iii 264.22 .

cléithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cléithe or dil.ie/9421
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: chléthe, cléithe, cleithe, cleithi

n io, n. Later f. (long vowel not guaranteed by rhyme. Cf. 1 cleth, clíath?). n s. cleithi n-ordain iartair domain, AU an. 939 . cleithe n-óc nEmna, LL 2626 (cf. however: Clethe bretha name of a law-tract, Laws i 26.3 Comm. ) a s. a chléthe n-óchtarach, LU 1476 . n pl. cléithe, Críth G. 157 . g pl. fer da cleithe , Laws iv 350.22 . As f. d s. i cleithi áin, LL 29494 . g s. cecha cleithi , LL 400a42 .

(a) roof-tree, ridge-pole : ete iter cach dá ḟíthe ó ṡuidiu co c.¤ , Críth G. 100 . in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi, Corm. Y 275 . is bēsad na cleithe (= g s. of 1 cleth), is balc oc lār, is caol oc clēit[h]e, ibid. (cf. Laws iv 358.13 ) = ina cliad, Thr. Ir. Gl. 10 s.v. clíí. Tech Midchúarda o cléithib co talmandae, LU 7207 ( BDD² 824 ). ró lá [cor n-iach n-erred] de i n-ar[da co ruc] a chléthe n-óchtarach din tig co mboí for cléthiu in tigi aile, LU 1476 ( MU² 953 - 4 ). dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, f. 21 (23)a ). a breth fo clethe; a breth a nuaim into a building(?), Laws ii 128.15 Comm. (`into concealment'). atracht columu tenntide . . . co cleithe na heclaisi, Three Hom. 66.4 . secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co c.¤ issin tig, TBFr. 76 . gur b' ionsamhail cleithi tre churcais reanna na sleagh tres an slios araill do Chelluch a ridge-pole protruding from a thatch of rushes(?), MR 272.13 . ? cf. fiacla cirí cleth i curghais (a derogatory description), IT iii 101 § 179 . Confused with clí: cli .i. ise a bés na cleithe, is trén ┐ is dírech, ┐ congaib ┐ congaibther . . . adcumuing o cleithiu co lar, Laws iv 358.22 , 23 (cf. also Corm. Y 275 above). ní bfuaramar dhar ttighthibh shoir / acht bun gach cleithe a ttalmhuin, Ériu i 22.108 .

(b) By synecdoche, (dwelling) house: biaid gol gacha cleiti .i. cacha tighe, H 3.18, 553a14 . dixit Pátricius nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip.² 1814 . Cf. YBL 136a27 . co na boi dei do clethe a n-Erinn forsna beth cíos doib, RC xii 62 § 25 . ol cét cech clethi i nHerind, LL 22416 . Cf. 27617 .

(c) More generally building : it hé insin .vii. c.¤ ó ndírenar cach bóaire (ref. to a list of seven buildings, a dwelling-house and six farm-buildings), Críth G. 157 . a ṡrethe tige, a ḟolud, a chléthe, a echṡréin, 432 . co n-innrucus ch.¤ `with a complete set of buildings' (Gloss.), 438 . ? trí dotcaid threbtha: gort salach, iarmur c.¤, tech drithlennach, Triads 65 . ?fer . . . na techta fo tuaith co leir na cleithe who owns no house throughout the territory (?), Laws iv 352.12 (`visibly or invisibly').

(d) As technical term for some kind of tenant or dependent: lethflaithem .i. fer da cleithe cona comorbuib techtaib `two cleithe- tenants', Laws iv 350.11 . flaithem oen escra .i. fer aen cleithe, 14 . Cf. senchléithe. do flaith rucu gu-breth for a celi .i. gu-fiadnaise im clethe, v 220.4 Comm.

(e) c.¤ (sg. or pl.) nime, aeóir, etc. the heavens, the firmament; the sky : a cléthib clithnimi, LU 1169 . lotar na suipp ṡesca . . . i cléthib aeóir ┐ firmiminti, TBC-LL¹ 6040 . na fóit . . . curit i cleithe ḟirmimenti, LL 24910 . ba h-urcur a cleithibh nime ┐ ba snam i n-aighid srotha, BB 419b37 . do eirgedh an detach co direch i cleitib in aeoir, Grail 3098 . Without qualifying gen. no rannad bledmila in mara immi . . . súas i n-ardda clethi, LL 12631 . fuath-nell . . . d'ár ceiled in cleithi coithcenn (sic) . . . os a cendaib, MR 240.5 . ? Cf. go ttarla C. fo chleithibh talmhain, TBC-LL¹ p. 561 n.6 (fo lintip an atha, St.).

(f) Other applications. top, crown (of head, more freq. c.¤ cinn or c.¤ cennmullaig): in buinne díriuch dondḟala atracht a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 (TBC). roben Gola i clethi a chind, SR 5871 . cora chomthócbaiset a lonna láith ósa cleithib, LL 32509 ( TTr. 1707 ). imon cathbharr im a cleithi, BB 297a 41 . in mong . . . tria cleithi a ceandmullaich, RC xxiv 196.17 . co ruc clethi a chinn de co n-apad, xxiii 325 § 14 n. Of the tops of trees, woods, mountains, a city: ba cosmail fri cleithe caille cetamain . . . cechtar a da gruad, LL 253a47 (cf. Aen. 1926 and IT iii 186.13 s.v. forcléithe, also forcle). suas gu clethi na crand, BB 497a4 . a bun cleithi na crand, 13 . cleithe na uruachtur sleibhe Erix, CCath. 1382 . sliab nOlimp, isa cenn ┐ isa clethi fil . . . , BB 488b2 . ós cleithi na cathrach, CCath. 1321 . c.¤ .i. uachdar tighe, tulcha no cnuic, O'Cl.

(g) Freq. in Laws Comm. meaning something of considerable value, a matter of importance, high rank(?) (oppd. to , q.v.): mas a seachtar faiche [ro gatait na beich] . . ., gid maigin . . . gid sechtar maigin, gid cutrumus lui gid cutrumus clethe . . . mas a maigin ┐ is cutrumus cleithi is lanenecland. Mas a chutrumus lui, is leitheinecland. Masa seachtar maigin ┐ is cutrumus clethe is leithenecland. Masa cutrumus lui is uii.adh neneclaindi, O'D. 1041 (H.2.15, 25). dá trian diri dula urraidh d'urradh ina dúil; aen trian diri dula deoraidh do deoradh ina dúil, ┐ eneclann do cechtar de fo aicned lui no cleithi according to his lesser or greater standing(?), 1366 (E. 3.5, 24a). rig . . . beires bretha gua, cid im lu, cid im cleithi `whether it be concerning a small thing or a large', Laws i 54.18 Comm. cid bec .i. im lu; cid mor .i. im cleithi, iii 38.y Comm. noco nuil deithbir lui na cleithi im in cumail sin `no difference of major or minor (higher or lower rank)', 110.6 Comm. ma ro gatait seoit uaithib ris in ré sin, eneclann do cechtar de ann fo aicned lai no cleithi `minor or major value' (rank?), 144.15 Comm. corab e in tainmrainde sin da eneclainn bes do co na ferthain ar in rob is cleithi, ┐ a leth ina ferthain ar in rob is lu, 358.y Comm. a nderbḟorgeall clethe for na huaislib . . . a nderbforgeall clethe for islib an affirmation concerning an important matter, 396.6 - 8 Comm. gufiadnaise im clethe, no im forcruidh fognuma im clethe `about a great (matter), or about excess of service in a great (matter)', v 220.4-5 Comm. But cléithe are divided into large and small: ce ro ghata da cleithi o duine, .i. clethe beg ┐ clethe mor, O'Curry 1665 ( 23 Q 6, 23 b ). cemadh mo re hic naithgina in clethi mor na in clethi beg nocha mo re hic smachta na dire na eneclainne e na in clethi bec, 1666 ( 23 Q 6 23 b ). Cf. clethe .i. mor no uasal, O'Dav. 558 .

(h) Fig. perfection, culmination; chief, head : i suthemlacht cech berlai co clethi to (or with?) perfection, LU 661 ( ACC 26 gl . baí sab súithe cec dind). acht na roigh co cleithe `but he does not reach to the top (of scholarship)', Laws iv 356.7 . ceand ┐ cléthi cacha bíd int iasc ár dothomail Issu he, Thr. Ir. Gl. 24 s.v. iasc. cléithi .i. rogha ut est cléithi tech n Erenn, H 3.18, 650b24 . ba cleithi ach don Erind bas meic Erca, Dinds. 114 . cléthe .i. formna, no in t-art fine .i. intí is airdi don fine, ut est co cléthi fine fosaighther cina, O'Dav. 486 . for cléithib na Cráeb-rúaide `chiefs' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iv 130.82 . sáifiter slúaig con mae re secht c.¤ slúaig Ulad, LL 11628 (TBC rhet.). clethe Laighen leighnidhe, TFrag. 188.5 . tiagha[ir] gusan gcathraigh, dotaott gussan gclēithe (i.e. to the chief personage in the town), ZCP vii 305.3 . araile fealmac fēigh don Mumhain . . . atnacobrustor mnáoi siú rosiacht clēithe the perfection of his art(?), 304.27 . as go c.¤ tuaithe tiagaid filidh fuigheall fria forus fáth, Ériu xiii 33.31 . Ua Suanaich . . . / Eiríu ard amre . . . / ised a c.¤ clerech, BB 233b35 . imm imthecor do dērce as cend ┐ as cléthe inna huile timna, Otia ii 97 § 31 . is é cléthi ┐ forair in fhorcetail diada in dearc, PH 5789 . mad intii adcobra rosá cléthe foirbthetad `who desires to reach the pitch of perfectness', Ériu vii 154 § 6 . comad ead clethi soethair cech duine, áine ┐ érnaigthi, RC xii 438.1 . combadh si budh cenn ┐ budh cleithe d'eccailsibh Érenn, AFM i 142.x .

éicen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éicen or dil.ie/19711
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: égean, éigean, éicin, écen, éigean, lucht éigne

n ā, f.; later also o, m. égean fem. IGT, Decl. § 54 . éigean masc. § 53 . TSh.

(1) In the earliest recorded exx. the meaning is usually necessity, compulsion; cf. ēcin .i. cin ēca. no ēc cána. i. ēc riagla `ecin' i.e. `crime of death' or it is `death of law,' that is `death of rule' Corm. Y 547 : hi cumcai no innecin (gl. in angaria) Tur. 134 . ni écen dob imchomartt ach[t] is dúdract lib, Wb. 3b21 . conabad éicen doberad ní domsa huaitsu act combad tol (gl. ne velut ex necessitate bonum tuum esset, sed voluntarium) 32a12 . soit a n-écin i toltanche convert their necessity into freewill FA 23 . ma egin fo ruair gan a denumh, Laws ii 292.23 Comm. ni heiccen beires ó thoigh | acht do thuillemh tuarastoil ZCP viii 116 § 10 . dena idpairt dona deeib...┐ logfaid do Dia fen duit, uair nosfitir conid écen doberar fort, PH 729 . do ghuidh é fa lamh leis chum síobhail rómhóir do bhí 'na éigean air do dhéanamh a very long journey which he had to make ZCP ii 558.23 . Freq. in the sense of adj compulsory, needful, necessary ; ( éigean .i. dligheadh, O'Cl. refers to Metr. Dinds. ii 2.18 , see Hermathena xiv 468 ). egin .i. dhigthech, ut est is egin mór do thuirimh isin trefocul focra, O'Dav. 806 .

(a) abs.: is hécen ainmne occo patience is needful in it Wb. 4a26 . is hecen sainecoscc leosom for accrannaib innaní prechite pacem they deem it necessary to have a special appearance... 5a5 . ní ecen a thodiusgud asreracht cene, 4d27 ; 26 . 16d7 . Ml. 127d8 . na bad écen for cúrsagad in fechtsa it should not be needful to reprove you Wb. 14d1 . arnap éicen a ngóire i n-æclis, 29a10 . mat anmann adiechta emnatar and is écen comacomol hisuidib, Sg. 189b4 . nípa hécen tene bratha dia nglanad, Mon. Tall. § 6 . § 37 . ni heigen ime riu, Laws iv 162 n. 1 . Asia... tír innach éicen fúr fled, LL 135a45 . ba hecen fer cechtar a da slabradside either of those chains required a man (to hold it) Rawl. 131b26 . as écen do thabairt foraib (gl. indignatio severitatis motus est peccatoribus necessarius) Ml. 49b6 . h[u]are as n-ecen condib oinson tintá in son n-ebraide cosnaib ilchiallaib techtas, Ml. 37a10 . atait tri neithe is ecean cum na coimriachtana, Ériu ix 63.28 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní, PH 7538 . mac bec doringni in gním sain...nocorb éicen...ingantus de, cia nothísed..., TBC-LL¹ 949 . Cog. 62.24 . ota imad na n-inad anna n-eirginn si...as egin co fuil an talam comcruinn it must be that the earth is round Ir. Astr. Tr. 32 w . ní fhuil ainm oile...ionarb éigean sinne do shlánughadh `non est aliud nomen...in quo oportet nos salvos fieri' TSh. 2088 .

In this use often written éicin (éigin), but the form intended is usually doubtful; the follg. metrical exx. may be noted: in cédḟer ór slondadh sind | ollamh darb écean uirrim, IGT, Decl. ex. 658 . budh éigin trá a thocht asteagh | lá éigin ar ghort nGaoidheal, TD 1.9 . bas dar éigin umhla, 33.15 (but see varr.). an chríoch ḟionnsa ón héigin troigh | a ciomhsa d'ḟéigin d'ardaibh, 41.18 . In mainbad éicin (gl. subjecta est non volens) Wb. 4a20 , the word is acc. after mainbad, cf. Ml. 111b28 , etc.

(b) with dat. pron. or do of pers.: issum ecen precept I must needs preach Wb. 10d24 . níb écen log ye need not pay ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 143 ) 16c17 . 22d12 . isim écensa techt I have to go TBC-I¹ 221 (LU). ZCP x 293.14 . Ériu v 209.40 . atabairecen techt ye must go FB 7 . is ecen dam (gl. compellor) Ml. 21b9 . is hecen doib ingremmen do foditiu, Wb. 30c23 . in tan na fádbait a mbiad díles, is écen dia n-anmannaib bás d'fhaghbail, PH 7476 . dó ba hecen (: tēitgel) biathad Echach, LL 183b26 = Arch. Hib. ii 70 . comba hecin di usce...da tharraing, RC xxiv 190.7 . in bocht dana hégen dul fó breith, PH 7520 . ba heiccen doip gan a snámh do dhermat, Fl. Earls 76.12 . is éigean dó cúntas...do thabhairt, TSh. 793 . Attrib. gen.: áine écni, in tan na fagaib nech ni romelad, PH 8366 .

In concrete sense: treb Leui...batir-side soer ó cech écin acht frestal eclaisi Dé exempt from all obligations LB 124a31 .

(2) In a slightly different shade of meaning, force (i.e. exercised by persons upon others); violence; tyranny: écen (gl. violentia) Sg. 51a1 . cisi ecin det-birt as in tir? nim tucc acht ...m'anuabhar fesin, RC xii 72 x . tre ēicin sāruighthe, Laws ii 376.6 Comm. uli eccen ┐ écomland in popuil Rómanaig for in popul Iudaide , LB 154a24 . Freq. in attrib. gen.: forcomul n-ecne `violent seizure' (occupation by force) Laws ii 376.1 . iv 270 z . lanamnas eicne (.i. donither ar eicin), ii 404.14 . connmedh égne forcible billeting RC xviii 194.24 . ni da deoin dochuaid-sium and, acht tre aslach eicni, TTebe 1501 . masa targud eicne tucastur orru do denam in marbtha...ma targud aisi if he led them out by force...if with their consent Laws iii 114.19 C. sí le héigean go n-aghar | ní héidear í d'átaghadh, TD 17.3 . dá mbhentá a chuid tré éigion do dhuine shouldst thou take his goods forcibly Mac Aingil 266 . éigean `violentia' TSh. 7783 . lucht éigne `violenti' 10812 .

In concrete sense, an act of violence, an outrage: is mō .. in écen iná 'n goit, PH 7559 . o fhir na hécni the perpetrator of the outrage 7561 . fer éicne, 7600 . ag agra goidi...ocus saraighthi ocus egni, Laws v 42.19 Comm. cia dobeir inn eicin ┐ inn imluadsa orumsa ?, TTebe 372 . ba hiat eicne doghnítis an loingius-sin...port gacha luingi do loscud ┐ crechad gacha tuaithi..., Lism. L. 2945 . co nderna éccne iomdha i ttuathaib ┐ chellaibh `acts of violence' AFM ii 1150.17 . Cf. éicni fastuda, TBC-LL¹ 5837 . menimthistais écne éc, Ériu v 210.2 . a gcumus...ar éigean ┐ ar mharbhadh daoine, TSh. 1723 . ar an éigin do-rinne Críost ag buain anma an duine dhe, 10515 . cia do lemadh an eigean sin ar a athair CF 310 .

Of a disaster, calamity: roshocht Adraist ar an ecein sin (i.e. the earth swallowing Amphiaraus) TTebe 2972 na heicnea-sea do lecun ar na Tiabandaib, 1616 .

Violation, rape: ecen mire `violating a madwoman' Laws i 176.2 . cu n-aithreosad a heicin muna dernad a toil, ZCP xiii 183.11 . ar bithin eiccni tuc Tir ar a derbshiair .i. Pilomena, TTebe 1862 . adubairt eiccen do thobairt fuirri, 1690 . dá ttugthá éigion mná, Mac Aingil 266 . Here probably belongs: ro órdaig Brigit banfili ...gol ┐ caine marb ┐ eigem fri hecin screaming when violence is offered Dinds. 159 = LL 170bz .

Cf. rucad laeg mo bo a purt éicne uaimse from a place whence it could only be taken by force (?) LL 171a35 = CRR § 3 .

(3) In phr. ar éicin (éicen) by or under compulsion or force: ar écin (gl. coactum) Ml. 18b7 . (gl. invitus) 42a15 . ar ecein, 68b3 . ar ecin nos bered (Simon, qui crucem in angaria portabat) Tur. 134 . ciatasode lat ar écin though thou keep her with thee perforce Wb. 10a10 . fochidi ar écin ...fochidi o thuil compulsory tribulations...voluntary tribulations 15d33 . ceni thaisid ar ois daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 . mina this ar ais rega ar eigin, YBL 121b11 . LB 228a46 . tabuir ass hi ar áis no ar écin, IT i 130.4 . ar éiccin no ar áis, Ériu iv 228.5 . co tuc Ogeth huad tria chath | ar écin iarna marbad, SR 5292 . IT i 130.21 . berid ar écin Murni for aithed leis, LU 42a12 . RC xxiv 186.16 . at-ib loim ar eicin and, Laws iii 82.8 . dream timairciter ar ecin do denam thole Dé, FA 23 . a furail air ar eicin dul ina coimlepaid, YBL 63b23 . ciall ar éigin d'fhoráil ort, Dán Dé xix 11 . gur gabsat ar eiccin i nDuibhlinn `forcibly landed' Cog. 34.19 . co ndigsitis...ar eicin co port na Troianna, BB 428a25 . ra airgg Hercoil .. in Troí ┐ ra chúaid ḟurri ar ecin, LL 224b39 . 226b8 (= TTr. 556.686 ). co ndeachaidh Cesair ar eiccin for an caistiall, CCath. 6053 . in daim téit ar eigin a tig in airech, Laws v 164.22 Comm. elaid in gilla asa laim ar eicin, YBL 63b30 ( SR 3213 ). Maelir...do dul ar éccin ar Luimneach, AFM iii 146.12 . a marbhadh dhoibh ┐ é ag triall ar eccin uatha `trying to make his escape' 340.14 . The sl. ending is usual in this phr. in early exx., but exx. of the masc. dat. are also common in Mid. Ir. and Early Mod. verse: fala Dhé ar tí mo thréagaidh | gur mhéaduigh mé í ar éigin, Dán Dé vii 11 . MR 54.16 . do bhiadh oirrim Bhanbha Breagh | ag coinnill Annla ar éigean of necessity TD 7.50 . ní ḟuil do cheart ar chrích bhF. ... acht sí d'ḟagháil ar éigean (: gheabh), 17.4 ; 25 , etc. ag dénamh imechta ar eigen d'ionnsaigh an doruis, Rel. Celt. ii 190.3 . ratréta ┐ imghecht ar eigen acasan ga ghenamh `a forced retreat' 198.8 ; 10 . Later also a-réigin: na gnais ach ger decair dul | teit a reicin rig ulad, Lec. 185rb17 ​. ón ngurt a-réigin 'sní ad rioth | o luchd éididh ┐ each, 24 P 8, 212 . Dánta Gr. 39.40 .

adv Hence: with difficulty, hardly: da roib an eslainte so arrsaidh is a reigin foirther hi, YBL 343b4 . as ar eiccin terna an tIarla fein iarna ghuin, AFM vi 2076.13 .

d' é.¤ by force, compulsion: d'éigin nó d'áis, Dán Dé ix 6 (where éigean would improve the metre). d'áis no d'éigion, Each. Iol. 56.2 .

(4) Difficulty, need, trouble, strait; in relation to war: ras nert ┐ ra greiss in rí...im ḟulang cach éicni ┐ cach imnid, LL 219b24 = TTr. 185 . díscart dín in n-ecin fil fornd, LU 63b9 ( TBC-I¹ 742 ). TBC-I¹ 323 . in trén...ro dingbad cach éicen dind, Acall. 6976 . airc na écen, TBC-LL¹ 2896 . don tí d'ḟoirfed sib assin n-éicin sin (of voyagers adrift in a storm), Acall. 3779 . TTebe 2007 . isin moréicin moir sin, Acall. 3775 . i n-écnib ┐ i n-urgalaib, LL 230a10 . Esp. of stress of battle: bai obair cach oen dib a fis a tuiruchta fen ar met a ecni so hard was he pressed Cog. 186.2 . [i] n-eigin irgaili, TTebe 4483 . in ecen engnoma i roibi, 3438 . a n-éigean ḟeadhma, IGT, Decl. ex. 1358 . fa deācair leó Goll do bheith san éigean sin, ML 136.22 . AFM iii 576.9 . do bhí éigean mór ar E. mun amsoin, eadhon sluagh Chuinn go huile, agas urmhór mhaithe Mumhan uile...iona aghaidh agas dobhí éigion budh mó iona sin air, eadhon Goll...dhá thuargainn, ML 30.7 ; 10 . a n-eigen ag Sagsanachuibh sorely pressed by the English Rel. Celt. ii 202.6 . Of a state of strenuous endeavour: bhíos i n-éigean ag gleic = qui in agone contendit TSh. 10610 . Cf. do ṡloig, gídh ar lór d'éigeann | Iaoich idir éide agas airm, Oss. vi 118.23 . Grievous plight; hardship: in ecen ele boi ann, .i. in tan no roinntea in biad...nos bered in tii ba tresi dib a chuit on anbhánd, LB 155b32 . do innseadar a n-éigean agas á n-anbhḟorlann dhó the distress and oppression they were suffering from ML 82.11 . críoch Mhidhe uile a móir-éigean, ina lasrachaibh leathna 84.12 . ar aoi a héiginsi d' fhurtacht `for helping her necessity' Studies 1921, 75 . Dán Dé xxi 4 . 'gan tí 'ga dtám i n-éigin, Dán Dé xxi 3 . ri heicin na hitad sin the urgency of that thirst TTebe 1776 . ón éigean tarta ina rabhadar, Keat. ii 4983 . ag faisnéis an éigin 'na mbí (the soul in purgatory), TSh. 4263 . Sorrow, grief: ba mór a uchbad ┐ a eigen (v.l. an egaine) lais an scelsin do chloistecht, TTebe 4558 .

Fig. stress; overpowering exuberance: gach coll úr re heigin innte | léigidh a ghlún fillti fáoi kneels under stress (of its burden of fruit) KMMisc. 172 § 26 . go raibhe an oiread soin d'éigean féile...i nGaedhealaibh nár lór leo nídh do thabhairt do gach aon dá dtiocfadh...gan cuireadh coitcheann do thabhairt..., Keat. i 4 x .

Need, necessitousness; esp. famine, scarcity: i n-aimsir na hécne in a time of scarcity PH 7553 . cara na héigne the friend in need Dán Dé xiv 6 . xxi 1 . TSh. 9829 . do bhádar mórán díobh a n-éigion (through famine) ML 8.11 . díoth orm is éigin orra, TD 44.4 . With gen. of thing needed: i n-éigean a furtachta wanting help TSh. 4835 . Cf. dál éicne a distressing business: scarad friu bid dál éicne, Ériu v 210.1 .

Cf. éicin.

COMPDS. éicen-broit oppressing bondage, hence heavy sorrow: lān d'imnedh is d'éigeanbhruid [sic leg.], Niall Mac Mhuireadhaigh, Rel. Celt. ii 266.6 .

¤chless violent feats (?): Caille Con Ruí... | fris' fertais óic écen-chless, Metr. Dinds. iii 308.66 .

¤dál a stiff encounter; a distressing position, dangerous strait: airc na écen na écendál, TBC-LL¹ 2896 . cf. 3030 . egindail ainfine `stress of weather' Aen. 1571 ( Aen. vii 199 ). tugadh éccendáil forra, AFM ii 1042 x . comhaonta do chengal doibh im freccra a cheile im gach n-eiccendáil do bhenfad friú, iv 1214.5 . Ua C....d'foirithin as an airc ┐ as an eiccendail i mbaoi ag Ua D., vi 2122.17 . tánaicc an President go marcsluagh ┐ go saighdiuiribh, uair roba cuimhneach lais an eiccendail i mbaoi la Dál cC. an bliadhain roimhe, v 1654.18 . Tadhg mac Eidighain ḟailidh | go hegeandail nir ḟennigh never showed himself a champion save when he met a dangerous encounter ZCP viii 226 § 17 . ba bes do Romanu fāithi...do tocairiud ina ndocum in gach am no tomaithead egendail forru, CCath. 925 . go ndligheann duine éigean-dáil ┐ anfhorlann a chomharsan d'fhóirithin, TSh. 1838 . cechip tan nó tomaithedh égendail ghabhaidh fair, Hugh Roe, 212.5 (f. 56b) . san éigean-dáil ghábhaidh se, TSh. 2083 .

¤gal strenuous valor: TBC-LL¹ 1666 .

guirid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. guirid or dil.ie/26804

 

v (goirid) warms, burns : In O.I. indic. stem is guirand subj. gora-. guirit són (gl. fouent), Ml. 39c24 . ma gorith locc (= si urit locum), Thes. ii 245.35 (Cambr.). intan nonnguirtherni `when we are warmed,' Tur. 106 . cáingrian guires (goires v.l.) míli, Fél. Dec. 26 . in cuiced criss guires chness, SR 153 . Of Christ : in grian gluair goires cach ṅgair, ib. 2735 . crābud in buirb co n-indmus | los diūit, nit goire a grīs `a flame without fire, whose embers heat thee not,' ZCP vii 311 § 16 . tine na loisgenn ┐ nos-goirenn, O'Dav. 1054. hatches : slébe gainme ┐ grian it e guirte (sic leg.) in ogh, Ériu ii 120 § 58 . aen ogh beires ... cacha bliadna, ┐ in grían guiris an ugh, RC xxiv 377.4 . Fig. inflames, incites : (with 2 s. pronom. aff.) gerthiut gorthiut robruth ríg eslabrae, BDD² 317 . causes to blush : ni he sin do ghoir do ghruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 228.7 . blisters (?) : demnigur dim gruadib nad goirfet gel miad, Laws i 10.x . vn. gorad, q.v., and also 1 gor.

iubaile, iubail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. iubaile, iubail or dil.ie/29178

 

Forms: iubaile, iubaile, iubaile, iuail(l, iubaile, iuboile, iubaile, iubaili, hiubile, iúbili, Iubhile, iubail, iubail, iubaili, iubaili, n-iubaile, iubalaibh, iubile, iubaile

n f. (except for exx. from Bible which show masc. gen.) (Lat. iubileus). n s. an iubaile , O'Curry 1431 (< H 3.18, p. 641ab ). iubaile, Laws ii 196.10 . iubaile, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18, p. 641b ). RC xliii 18.11 . iuail(l, Laws iv 142.1 - 2 Comm. a s. iubaile, Laws v 314.8 . iuboile, Fianaig. 42 § 6. g s. iubaile, Laws iii 6.8 Comm. iubaili, i 280.21 Comm. na hiubile , Thes. ii 309.13 ( Hy. ii 5 Comm. ). iúbili, LU 4044. an Iubhile , Levit. xxv 13. d s. iubail, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18, p. 641b ). iubail, ib. iubaili, O'Curry 635 (< H 3.18, p. 306 ). n p. iubaili, O'Curry 633 (< H 3.18, p. 306 ). LU 3473. g p. na n-iubaile , O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18, p. 641b ). d p. iubalaibh, BB 32b29 .

The masc. iubile, Levit. xxv passim , may be a secondary formation from the Engl. jubilee.

I jubilee (in Jewish sense, cf. Levit. xxv ), a period of privilege and dispensation: fo intamail na hiubile bicce Ebreorum gl. sē blíadnai, Thes. ii 309.13 ( Hy. ii 5 Comm. ). iubail forsint soegul, gl. (Fernae fortren) eobail, Fél.² xxv gl. 198 . conná laimtheá guin duni i nHérind fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadan, LU 4044. is andsin nocinte iubail acco .i. cain na secht mbliadan on feis Temrach co' raile, IT iii 198 § 55 and p. 227 n. a n-inair ... iubaili ilgresacha, CF 249 (cf. dillat n-óenaig, LU 6553 ). nāch cūala in n-iuboile n-airc | da bfūair Iugaine nūall n-uilc `the dispensation of hardship,' Fianaig. 42 § 6. is airim cúmsanta do-gres in árim coecdach, amal is follus sin a desmberecht iúbaile in coecat bliadna, i mbíd cúmsanad do cach co sollonda ic aes rechta, PH 5546. agus náomhochuidh tú an caogadmhadh blíadhan agus fuáigeortháoi sáoirse ar feadh na críche uile, don uile áitreabhach innte: biáidh na Iubile agaib ..., Levit. xxv 10. a mblíadhuin an Iubhile so fillfidhe gach áonduine aguibh dá sheilbh féin, Levit. xxv 13.

II As a law-term, `a fixed period of exemption, privilege, prescription, etc., fixed by law, custom or mutual agreement ' (Plummer MS. Notes): cred is bun ┐ inde ┐ airbeart don focal is iubail. Isedh is bun do dilmainetaid do rada ris .i. dilmain in re ara dilmain gen agra ann o sin. Isedh is airbeart don iubail on ní is ubiliam .i. dilmain. Inann ┐ lipertas .i. saire .i. in re ara saer cen agra o fir adgair, O'Curry 633 (< H 3.18, p. 305 - 6 ) = O'Curry 1430 ( H 3.18 p. 641a ). isedh is inde dó (i.e. do iubaili) .i. áe atbaill do radha ris a lawsuit that dies ?, O'Curry 1430 (< H 3.18, p. 641a ). attat rudrud mair ┐ bic la Fene amail file iubuile beicce ┐ moiri, O'Curry 20 (< H 3.18 p. 9a ). cislir i.¤ do cuisin. Nī. a cethair. Cindus sin ┐ co fuilit .u. iubaili annsa corp. Is amlaid tuicim sin. Co fuilit da iubaili dibsin .i. iubaile mor-cethra (┐) sceo duine in eniubaili .i. iubail na mna doiri, ┐ na mbó, mar ata .ix. misa do boin sceo duine daer, O'Curry 633 ( < ib. p. 306 ). corus i.¤ , O'Curry 993 (< ib. p. 425b ).

(a)

(i) The period of exemption following a certain testing period after the sale of any `sét' (article, animal or slave), sold in good faith without either party knowing of any radical defect (galar bunaid) or hidden blemish (ainim inchleithe). If the defect or blemish did not appear until after the testing period (i.e. during the `iubaile') the seller could not be sued. If, however, the seller knew of such defect or blemish at the time of the sale, its discovery at any time after the sale legalised the return of the `sét' and the repayment of the money (with or without further penalties), that is to say, in such a case there was no `iubaile.' Apparently as well as the testing period, an extra period of 10 days (dechmad na aititen) was sometimes allowed (during which the blemish could be brought to the notice of the seller (?)). The testing period in female slaves and animals seems, sometimes at least, to have corresponded to the period of gestation and O'Don. takes it to mean "period of gestation' but is probably wrong in this. iubaile or ré n-iubaile (ré na hiubaile) are used indifferently. ca trath nach fuil re niubaili do riagailt risin set ... acht a athchur uile ... An uair is fis oc in ti o rucad in set galar buna no ainim inclethe do beith ann, ┐ anfis ac in ti ruc, O'Curry 641 (< H 3.18, p. 309 ). ní fuil i.¤ for ainimh imcleith (sic) iartain co dechmaidh iar fis na hainme, O'D. 804 (< H 3.18 col. 576 ). mas re re imorro na iubaili tanic ris in set in galar bunaidh is fastaigthi fair do gres cidh iar re na hi.¤ no co roib dechmaid na aititin, O'Curry 261 (< H 3.18, p. 151 ). re galur bunaidh ┐ re hainim incleithe aithfégtar i.¤ do grés, O'D. 805 (< H 3.17, col. 576 ). mana ro hairige in galur bunaidh i n-aimsir in cunnartha ┐ ro hairighe iartain cidhbe dib is nesa in dechmaidh no i.¤ in seoit gurab e sin is fastaighe air, ib. (< ib., col. 577 ). cidh fada bes in anfis ni fastaithi fair cidh iar re na hiubaili co roib dechmaid na aititin, O'Curry 262 - 3 (< H 3.18, p. 151 ). ben dia faghabar iubail (? of a female slave), O'Curry 1994 (< H 4.22, p. 27 ) = ben dia faghur iubuile, O'D. 20 (< H 3.17, c. 19 ). ni fuil i.¤ for ainim inchleithe iartain co decmuid iar fis na hainme `there is no proper period for a concealed defect afterwards till ten days after knowledge had of the defect,' Laws iii 6.3 Comm. atá sechtmain for mis for bliadhain don iubar, ┐ iar ndenam aicce de aithfeghar re n-i.¤ ris (i.e. in the case of an article made of yew-wood, the testing period is 1 year, 1 month and 1 week), O'Curry 1431 (< H 3.18, p. 641ab ). ni íadat iubaili for étechtu ail `let not legal periods close upon an unlawful blemish,' SCC 274 ( LU 3473 ).

(ii) ? By transf. the testing period itself: iubaili in lachta iar niubaili na colla. Cred hi .u. in lachta iar .u. na colla re rad .i. cid isin log dedenach don iubaili beires in bo in laeg, ┐ noch ar aitin lochta fuirre in la sin in chunnrad, no co roibi re ré .iiii. nuair fichit iar na fis in aitin, ┐ si sin .u. in lachta iar .u. na colla gan amaras, O'Curry 635 (< H 3.18, p. 306 ). ocus coma hi iubail na n-i.¤ .i. i.¤ in lachta iar n-eg na colla, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18 p. 641b ). masa indlaegh rugadh amach hi ┐ ise indlaegus ata indte farrlaegh ... mas amaigh ag an fir amaig tarrla é nocho nduil nach ni and gemadh re re n-i.¤ ro fartraigedh he that it was made manifest (of a cow sold while in calf), O'Curry 690 (< H 3.18 p. 334 ). masa fis ag in tí rucustar cidh fis cidh ainfis ag in tí o rucadh, nocha nuil re n-i.¤ do riaghuil ris, O'D. 802 (< H 3.17, col. 575 ). nocha bi smacht ro airde gotha no ro isle gotha dona feichemnaib na orra iar cindiud a fiach don breitheam cumad i.¤ sin fri hagra na smacht, O'Curry 1871 (< 23 P 3, fo. 20d ). cidh galur bunadh, cid galur cundtaburtach, cidh difoichidh dē tí friu ré ré n-í.¤, a n-aithgina beos d'aisic on athair don aiti transltd. `within the proper period of the fosterage' (of animals supplied by father to fosterfather), Laws ii 162.10 Comm. cidh be aighaigh, gnath no ingnath, beirus iat iar re n-i.¤, munu mairit budein iar n-ais diailtri, seoit a comaicinta on aite don athair, 170.17 Comm. iubail chon tri chaicis, acht ata chu and is dia leithbliadain do tuit, .i. is amhlaid seo tocaithis in chu in lethbliadain adeir da mi uil do cach said a choitcindi iar niubail riud sin cona .x. laithi .i. dechmaid ┐ da mi sin ┐ fot cethri chrich ro boi in bidbad on fir aca roibi in chu ┐ cuicthe re iarrata cacha crichi dib sin, cona fichthi, ┐ na .x. laithi o chianaib riu sin cona mí trichtach ind a mi o chianaib riu sin cona tri mi aicenta, ┐ .ui. mi thsaerda thic dib sin ┐ si sin in leith bliadain ro caith in cu and ┐ leith bliadain thsaerda sin, O'Curry 238 (< H 3.18, p. 132 ).

(b) i.¤ ¤ achtaighthe a `iubaile' -period fixed by mutual agreement: créd is i.¤ achtaigi ann, no in fuil fis no trebaire do riaghail risin i.¤ achtaighi. Ata chena mar adeir in leabar. Ni fil dithim fors na setaib si ni is nessa nacha siriu acht ma do coeset for coraibh bél .i. ma dia tisat for trebaire co cor o belaib im achtugudh a ndilmain. Massedh tuic as sin co ndligther trebaire do beith annsa n-i.¤ achtaighi, O'Curry 1432 (> H 3.18, p. 641b = O'Curry 634 (> H 3.18, p. 306 ). ca trath nach fastann a i.¤ achtaigi én réd don cunnradh. Issedh so in tráth doronsat na meamair cunnradh a n-ecmais a cenn tecait na cinn fai, O'Curry 1432 (< H 3.18 p. 641b ).

(c) Of other fixed periods: ni induth nech di araile iarmotha secht mbliadna. Ar is i.¤ aititen sairi in sain `denn dieses ist das Erlassjahr, wofür (Zins-)Freiheit zugestanden ist (?),' ZCP xv 240 § 3 (of the expiration of the term of agreement between lord and tenant, see p. 243 ). cid beo-elod cid marb-elod, o tair leis a roinn, is i.¤ aon uair e `whether it be `live-absconding' or `dead-absconding,' if he has finished the division, it is iubaile of one hour,' Laws v 508.4 Comm. (i.e. after a tenant has a bsconded and the land held by him is re-divided by the chief, one hour represents the iubaile in this case, and after that the division may not be retracted). uair is i.¤ aenuaire hí `weil es (nur) für die eine Stunde Gültigkeit hat,' Cóic Con. H § 38.

(d) In the case of a wounding, the testing period which is appointed after the healing to allow for the possible breaking out afresh of the wound: o tairgeba in leiges, is ann atá ré n-i.¤ do riagailt ris, Laws iii 348.6 Comm. ma thangatar na cneda ris re re n-iubaille `if the wounds broke out afresh during the testing-time,' 532.24 Comm. (in this case sick-maintenance must be continued). mas iar re n-i.¤, islan, 534.14 Comm. mas tre fuirired drochleigis co fis do liaig, noca nuil re n-i.¤ d'athfegad ris acht a ic do liaig do gres `there is no testing time to be taken into consideration,' ib. 8 Comm.

III (positive) prescription: sealba, seoit, ni dilsigar airgse na haitidiu, iudail (leg. iubail, Ed.) na tren-lide nert `... are not alienated by ... prescription ....' Laws v 496.4 , 13 . berar iubail a comdiden tri comarbaib cengar `it gives prescription of acknowledgment,' iv 378.14 Comm. (note: `it forms a period of prescription if the lordship has continued in the same family for three generations or successions'). atait secht rudarta la Feine conoiscet i.¤ a mbesaib a n-airillten `seven prescriptions which transfer perpetual right,' v 314.8 (i.e. which remove or set aside all time-limits). ni astaid iubail indligead `prescription does not legalise illegality' (Plummer MS. Notes), O'Curry 1745 (< 23 Q 6, p. 32 ), glossed: .i. nocho dilmainigter huad ar apo ecne, no ni astand ni ar nech ind ecen. ni dhene sealbh sarugad ┐ ni toircenn iubail inndliged `la fortune n'autorise pas à commettre l'injustice et l'illégalité ne saurait donner lieu à une prescription,' RC xliii 18.11 . cid clannas aile? Noil ocus iuail. Caíde iuaill? Aile in ime fa tri cen sena `what settles the stake? An oath and prescription. What is prescription? The sticking of the fence thrice without denial,' Laws iv 142. 1 - 2 Comm. ? To this: (of a child whose services were promised while he was yet in his mother's womb) `bid leam in ceile sin,' or in flaith; ni iubail ar in mac .i. gu ra torba do neoch a foghnum `the son is not manumitted (?),' v 218.24 Comm.

tech, teg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tech, teg or dil.ie/40265
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: t., t., t., rigteg, fleteg, tigh, tech, teag, teagh, thige, tige, taige, taigae, taigi, toighe, tigid, tig, tich, teigh, teach, taig, toigh, thaich, thech, tige, tighe, tighthi, taighi, tigi, thige, taige, tighe, tigead, tigheadh, thigib, tighthibh, tighe

n s, n. Later m., IGT Introd. 17.y , cf. Decl. § 164 . n s. a t.¤ , Wb. 33a2 . t.¤ ndagfir, Thes. ii 292.18 . in t.¤ , Sc.M² 6.8 . rigteg, Wb. 23b8 (a prima manu). fleteg, 11d16 . tigh, Ériu iii 164.8 . a s. tech, Thes. ii 292.19 , 340.5 . teag, ACL iii 237 § 17 . teagh, Keat. iii 2839 . g s. thige, Fél. Ep. 94 . tige, SR 3900 . Also taige (analogy of maige, Thurn. Hdb. § 338 ) : ind idaltaigae , Sg. 66a19 . in taigi , BDD² 370 . toighe, TSh. 1956 . tigid, Mon. Tall. 155.7 ( tigi, 9 ). d s. tig, Ml. 57c7 . 120d2 . SR 2930 . BDD² 525 . tich, Mon. Tall. 162.29 . LL 133a24 . teigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 197 . In Mod. Ir. also teach (by confusion with a s.), Keat. ii 4689 . Content. xxviii 12 . taig, Wb. 9b23 . 23b9 . 33a6 . Thes. ii 336.1 . SR 3517 . toigh, TD 1.46 . thaich, LL 133a28 . a du. dá thech , SR 1953 . n a p. tige, IT i 74.6 ,7. tighe, TD 26.49 . tighthi, Fl. Earls 66.2 . taighi, AU i 408.z . g p. tigi, LU 8763 . na rígthige , 9104 . taige, TTr.² 1868 . tighe, CCath. 3590 . tigead, TTebe 2028 . tigheadh, Aithd. D. 38.29 . d p. thigib, LU 8049 . tighthibh, Fl. Earls 174.31 .

I house, dwelling: t.¤ ab eo quod est tectum , Corm. 41 . t.¤ inna fera flechod, Thes. ii 294.15 . is t.¤ ndagfir, 292.18 . ni bíat in-oentaig fri fes, SR 1951 . t.¤ sruithi `household of saintly men,' Mon. Tall. 136.23 . de gíus dogníth a t.¤ , TBFr. 76 . i tig fó dúnud a closed house, TBC-LL¹ 614 . i tech for leith, ACL iii 10.23 . Ardmacha do loscadh tígib templaib, RC xviii 270.19 . in ti dana t.¤ in rot `who has no habitation but the road,' Laws i 128.x Comm. ar dtógbháil toighe, TD 8.4 . teagh caithimh gach fhir othair `the house which cares for all sufferers' (the Virgin Mary), Aithd. D. 88.22 . i mBeinn Éadair do ghabh teach `made his dwelling,' Content. xxviii 10 . do chuaidh fa thigh air `entered the house upon him,' Rel. Celt. ii 164.21 . adubhairt ... go lingfeadh an teagh isteach `would rush into the house,' Keat. iii 2839.

do-icc, téit etc. i t.¤ makes submission to: Mac Mec Carrthaigh do taidhecht a t.¤ Tairrdelbaigh ... rig Erenn, RC xviii 43.4 . do mhaith an Coimdhe cion Adhaimh | usaide dhaoibh dul 'na theach, Dán Dé iii 2 . do baí Ruaidri ... ina th.¤ had submitted to him, AFM iii 86.10 . do chuir teachta ... d'a thabhairt dh'a thoigh no d'fhógra catha air to get his submission or to challenge him to battle, ML 14.3 .

II

(a) Attrib. g s.: aithech tighe .i. fer tighe householder , O'Dav. 98. Cf. Ir. Recht 4 § 2 . is maith fer in taige i tám host, master of the house, TBC-LL¹ 117 . fear an tighe, TD 12.8 . bennacht ... fora techt muige ┐ taigi ... household possessions, Ériu iii 4.11 . Cf. Stud. in E. Ir. Law 12 . intreb tige `household furniture,' Laws v 390.x . lucht toighe household , TD 20.54 . tigerna in toigi, Ériu iv 112 § 5.

(b) With qual. adj. or gen. indicating general characteristics, building materials, etc.: teach crannghaile wooden house, AFM v 1398.z . t.¤ ndarach an oak house, LU 1442 (MU). annsa tigh dorcha `in the grave,' BNnÉ 43.15 . Also metaph. a state of darkness, ignorance: ba buith i tigh dhorcha do shil Adhuimh ... co tainic a scel-sa do nim, Ériu ii 98.9 . t.¤ fíthe a wicker-work house: teach fichi forche, BDD² 80 . i t.¤ fithe forchai, Ériu xi 44.25 (cf. 157 ). teg iarnaidi ┐ dá th.¤ cláraid ... ┐ teg talman, MU² 808 . in deoraidh ... muna raib secht tigi ingabala leis `habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. teach óir a golden palace, DDána 29.38 . t.¤ teined a burning house: rí Uladh ... do losccad a ttigh tinedh la fearaibh Midhe, CS 290.11 . aghaidh ar teagh dteineadh (of a foolhardy undertaking), TD 18.33 . gan toighthe trénfhedha, ZCP viii 201 § 12.

(c) With qual. adj. or gen. of houses adapted to various purposes: t.¤ n-abbad abbots' house: teach nabadh mór Arda Macha, AFM ii 1002.3 . t.¤ n-arm armoury: isin tig arm, ACL iii 8 § 5 . t.¤ mbecc privy: tuighe tíghe bhig, ┐ an tigh beag féin do ghlanadh, J JRSAI ii 344.8 . t.¤ cille church: fáistighe ceall `ruined buildings of churches,' TD 1.54 . t.¤ coitchenn common house (in a monastery) : for lebeunn in tige coittcenn, MacCarthy 16.3 . t.¤ colam dovecote: moilenn is-teagh corr colam, IGT Decl. ex. 1343 . t.¤ cúirte courthouse: i tig na cuirti, PH 2628 . teagh cúirte choisgeas eissíodh, Aithd. D. 67.1 . t.¤ forcetail lecture-room: ina theach foirceudail, Rule of Tallaght 52.18 . t.¤ fothraicthe bath-house: na tige fothraicthi, Alex. 594 . t.¤ ngabann smithy: feidhm teanchaire i dtigh gabhonn, TD 19.16 . na th.¤ ngaeisi `demeure d'étude,' RC xliii 12.27 . t.¤ ngalair infirmary: a tigh ghalair na manach, ALC i 224.8 . t.¤ na ngiall house of the hostages (at Tara, etc.) : god thogra do Thoigh na nGiall ( = Tara ), Aithd. D. 5.12 . i dtigh na ngiall, TD 10.42 . t.¤ n-imacallmae meeting-house, reception-house: téit ... i t.¤ nimacallma fria muintir, Trip. 60.4 . issa t.¤ [n-]immacallamae, TBFr. 148 . t.¤ n-inchleithe privy (?) : isin teach n-inclethi, RC xxiii 418.7 , see Gloss. t.¤ lenda drinking-hall: a taig leanda A., Alex. 535 . t.¤ leptha dormitory: ana t.¤ leptha, TTebe 4200 . neamh ... teagh leaptha ag an Dúileamh dhamh, Dán Dé xxiii 23 . Cf. cotailtech. t.¤ lige dormitory: ina tigh lighi, Anecd. ii 42.17 . t.¤ méirdrech brothel: prostibulum. t.¤ na merdreach, Ir. Gl. 713 . t.¤ midchuarda banqueting-hall (see midchuairt and Heldensage 93 n. , ZCP xv 352 ) : sudigud Tige Midchúarda (at Tara), LU 8050. 8229 (at Emain Macha). slithi mnā oēntama i tig midchuarda, ZCP xv 351 § 40 . t.¤ mór principal building; palace: in tan bá urlam la B. dénam a thige máir ┐ a gríanán, LU 8069 . secht traigid fichet isin tig mór (in a monastic settlement), Trip. 236.21 . a ttigh mōr na hAlmaine, Feis Tighe Chonáin 847 . t.¤ na nouici `the house of the novices,' ALC i 224.16 . t.¤ n-oíged guest-house (lay and ecclesiastical. See V. SS. Hib. cxiii n. , cxviii n. ): a teg noigedsin in spirito (of the body), Wb. 4a7 . for merugud tigi aíged, BDD² 260 . aircinnech tige aiged Cluana mecc Nois, CS 310.10 . teagh aoidheadh Uachdar Lámhann (the Virgin Mary), Aithd. D. 88.21 . t.¤ n-óil, n-óla drinking-hall, banqueting-house: hi t.¤ n-óil, LU 8825 . a t.¤ n-óla, Acall. 1636 . a Thighearna ar dtighe óil (of Heaven), Studies 1934, 433 § 1 . t.¤ ósta inn, hostelry: a tegh osda, Aisl. Tond. 101.17 . dogabadur tegh osta in aidchi-sin, ZCP vi 29.1 . t.¤ n-othar infirmary: teach othuir an airdríogh, Aithd. D. 3.17 . t.¤ péne penitentiary (in a monastery) : a teg pendi, Mon. Tall. 153.29 . t.¤ rígdae palace (cf. rígthech) : in t.¤ rigdai, PH 845 . i tighibh ruin, RC xliii 8.15 . t.¤ sásaid refectory: de refectorio .i. don tigh shásaidh (sic leg.), ITS xxix 201.27 . Cf. proindtech. t.¤ (na) sét treasury, a place where valuables are kept: scrinire nó fer tige saét, Wb. 7c9 . go tigh na séd, Manners and Customs ii 118 n. 83 . ar dteach séad (of a chief), TD 25.7 . t.¤ screptra library (of a monastic settlement) : Ard Macha do loscadh ... cona durthigib uile cenmotha in teach screbtra namā, RC xvii 358.26 . an teac screabtra, CS 260.2 . Cf. is direch a mbesaib ┐ hi títhib na screptra et nigri et albi , Corm. 22.1 (a church compared to a chessboard, see 2 tí). i tigh scrutain ghaeisi, RC xliii 8.12 . t.¤ sinnser ancestral home: ni tarcuisne ar teach sinnsior | do bheir d'Énrí a aithdeilbhsion, L. Cl. A. B. 184.125 . t.¤ sorn oven-house: for an teach surn soin (of hell), Aisl. Tond. 102.14 . t.¤ talman underground chamber, vault, dungeon: is t.¤ talman, SR 3196 . airg ┐ airdlestair ┐ tighi talman, ML² 81 . do chuir a ttig talmhan é (a seomra fo íadhadh, v.l.), CF Eg. 251 . t.¤ termainn a house of refuge: ar dteagh tearmoinn `our house of safeguard,' TD 34.34 . t.¤ tinnabraid : do theagh tionnabhraidh `chamber of slumber,' TD 24.29 . i dtigh na togha `in the house of election,' 25.32 . t.¤ trota blockhouse : na tighe trota, CCath. 3590 . go nernai tegh trot do tempul 'made a blockhouse of the church', AI 330 (s.a 1203.2) . t.¤ túir farmhouse (?) : mar ba clach aoil gach teagh túir, DDána 119.12 . See Ériu vii 26 . t.¤ n-urnaigthe oratory : teg n-amra n-aurnaighthi, SR 7672 . goirfither t.¤ na hurnaigthe dom th.¤-sa, PH 7572.

III In extended meanings.

(a) dorōnadh tech la Guairi do Senchān ota Durlus nGuaire co Cluain Ferta Brēnaind ┐ Senchan i medōn in tighi sin co nā rīsadh gemlōichet hē na gaeth na fleochud an enclosed passage , ACL iii 4.25 .

(b) Of churches : ? lenfetar indatailcend techt | taige (.i. eacailsi) tarrsnae crainn, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 51.1 . eclesia ... t.¤ ríg nime, O'Mulc. 182 . as tigh na heagluise `from the communion of the faithful,' Donlevy 142.19 .

(c) Of heaven : nochar bhean de dul 'n-a theach, DDána 59.16 . guais liom ... do theach d'iadhadh oram I dread lest ... Thy house should be closed against me, Dán Dé viii 9 . Also with qualifying adjj. etc. : 'mo mh'inad 'na findtig `in His white mansion,' Gorm. Mar. 19 . nemth.¤ , SR 573 . 2744 . meic Nechtain in núathaig, Gorm. June 17 . núathaig .i. teach nua nimhe, O'Cl. t.¤ nebmarbtath, Wb. 15c13 . ar an teach thall, DDána 6.17 . dá thigh thoghurma `house of summons,' Studies 1932, 141 § 11 . i dteagh na trócuire `the House of Mercy,' 1933, 310 § 30 . so toigh thuas, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 7 .

(d) t.¤ ifirnn hell : tuarasgbháil tighe Ifeirnn, Dán Dé xxv 21 . TSh. 6176 . Cf. beag cás toighe acht an teach-sain, Dánfhocail 122.

(e) na seacht dtighe `the Seven Mansions ' ( i.e. heaven), Aithd. D. 56.20 . Saor do dhealbh na trí tighe (? heaven, earth and hell), 56.6 . gá rí do b'fhearr trí toighe (heaven, the world, Mary's womb), DDána 61.13 .

(f) family, line (cf. Engl. house) : cineadha uaisle tighe Linox, Keat. ii 5987 . ar mhórán dá dtighthibh onóracha, TSh. 5358 . Cf. fa fhortacht do thígi to help (the people of) your house, Gilbert Facs., IV i plate xiv a 5 .

IV In adverbial phrases.

(a)(i) taig inside : immaig no taig, SR 4063 . a chos amuig ┐ aroli i taig, PH 1406 . ittigh no amuigh, BNnÉ 265.z . gan comrac atigh nō amuich `fighting neither at home nor abroad,' Ériu iii 145 § 25 . Cf. ara choímthecht a taig immach di maig i t.¤ , Críth G. 585 . See also istech, istig.

(b) With vbs. of motion do thig home : tudecht dia tich `to go home,' Mon. Tall. 162.29 . doristís ... dia taigh cind .x. m-bliadan, TTr.² 693 . a thecht slán da thoigh, ZCP viii 116 § 14 . ? Cf. náir an sgealsa [ag] tiacht do[t] tigh (? sic leg.), Rel. Celt. ii 293.6 .

(c) 'ga thig, 'ga tigib at home : tall bis ... in fecht deighinach, oca tigh imurro in fecht tuisech `within the[defendant's] territory ... at home,' Laws iv 12.11 Comm. a līonmaire thuaid ga toigh, ZCP viii 116 § 6 . dá bhfaghdaois uatha ga dtoigh | síoth ó ṡíol T. `for their own land,' Content. xv 29 . F. is Ch. is T. co taigib, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 23.

(d) ó thaig from home : dochúatar iar sain ó taig, Ériu iv 98 § 28 a . ge deach rí conaill a ccēin | ... | ni hēiccen beires ó thoigh | acht do thuillemh tūarastoil, ZCP viii 116 § 10.

(e) ó thigh go tigh ` from door to door ,' Studies 1927, 88 § 20 . gan dul ... ó thigh go tigh, Donlevy 350.12 .

(f) i n-óintig la dwelling with, together with : as nádúir do na grasuibh gan fulang a n-éintigh le pecadh marbhtha divine grace cannot coexist with mortal sin, Mac Aingil 381.4 . See also under oentu.

Compd. ¤elba household : budh tuar doimheanma dá thighealbha, Studies 1932, 434 § 9 (but perh. compd. of tiug).

Frequ. in placenames. T.¤ Duind, Acall. 662 . T.¤ Moling, 2680 . See Hog. Onom. Also in kennings for Ireland and its provinces : a Tigh Dá Thí, DDána 91.36 . ar Mhur Dá Thí Teach Lughaidh, 107.8 . a ghéag cláirThighe Chruachan, TD 3.39 . gabhla Thighe na Teamhrach, 9.3 . a bheithir ó aolToigh Airt, 19.9 .

toglúasacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. toglúasacht or dil.ie/41175

 

n ā, f. vn. of do-gluaisi.

I act of moving, conveying: nothuitfed eclais E. dia cuirthe togluasacht foran lig sin `if that flagstone were stirred,' Marco P. 18 . ac togluasacht sīda ` conveying ,' 370.22 . cloch ... ni fhédann fer fingaile a togluasacht nách a togbail, MR 82.2 . no thigedh go Saoighir isan laithe chedna, ┐ ... fosgad ainglechdha ... aga togluasacht, BNnÉ 109.8 . do chuiridís deamhna isna corpaibh ceudna dá dtoghluasacht, Keat. i 202.19 .

II

(a) act of aborting; abortion (abortio): togluasacth (leg. togluasacht) toglúaset chombairt, Thes. ii 235.6 , 419.25 . ma atbela a mbanscal din togluasacht, Ériu vii 166.x . tucait lānfiachach ... fubthad la ferglunni ... no togluasacht, ZCP xv 350.8 . togluasacht na mna, O'Curry 626 ( H 3.18, 302 ). togluasacht neich beires triana hindeithbirus gu mbeirend a mbi 'na broind, O'D. 928 ( H 3.17, col. 658a ). eric fo aicned in cineoil togluasachta, ib. ara tothgluasacht i teol ┐ i taidhe, ar tlenmain dia cind cétmuintiri for drochbéssa, O'D. 1215 ( H 2.15A, 84b ). ata eneclann in boairach medonaig i comrith re toghluasacht i nurradus, O'Curry 342 ( H 3.18, 190a ). beidh togluasacht ┐ gallra imda ele ar mnaib torrcha, Ériu x 147.3 . curub cúis do'n toghluasacht sin, O'Gr. Cat. 225.15.

(b) abortion (abortum): im bia esergi dona toglúasachtaib, LU 2534 . má ro thechtsat ... na togluasachta bás iar mbethaidh, 2536 . dia n-aplad i mbróinn a máthar amal cech togluasocht, PH 5155 . Cf. ni berthar torathair no togluaiste lind, Alex. 895.

ucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ucht or dil.ie/42871
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ucht, hucht, ucht, uchtard

n u, n. (see: ucht n-osnae, Corm. Y 1275 cited below), later m., IGT, Decl. § 72 . clíath, ochd, brothlach, brollach, Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 122 ).

I

(a) breast, bosom : nad ndechuid a ernaigde huadsom dochum nDae acht duintarrae inna ucht fesin iterum, Ml. 54d3 . tinnagat ní ass a n-ucht di mainib, 93a20 . hua hucht (gl. gremio), 93a22 . i n-ucht nach aili, Acr. 27b1 ( Thes. ii 8 ). ba harddidir ucht Aroin (sc. principal altar of Temple), SR 4268 . a slucud in oenḟecht ... dar loiṅg a ochta, TBC-LL¹ 1023 . delgi órdai ecorthi ós ochtaib dóib, 183 . clais ochta `the hollow of the breast' (i.e. one of the twelve doors of the soul), Laws v 363 note d. ro-buail a ucht co humal (sc. the Publican), PH 8055 . caidhe an t-ucht ..., A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 5 . fa hé [a] ionad a huicht-se | Spiorad Dé ar a diadhaicht-se, DDána 9.6 . do ráidh an macaomh amuigh | 's a ucht uadh ar an ursuin leaning on , L. Cl. A. B. 62.86 . ucht ar in luirg leaning on the staff , Feis Tighe Chonáin 317 . do léig a ucht ar a dhéis, go ndeachaidh thríd fell on his sword (of Saul), TSh. 2457 . tabradh cro[i]s Crīst dar a hucht, ZCP vi 270 § 15 . iadais a ucht umpu sin, ACL iii 244 § 8 . aicíd an uchta, Corp. Astron. 52 § 9 . atá taobh t'ochta mar aol, A. Ó Dálaigh xxii 4 . líntar ar n-ochta dhúin de, IGT, Decl. ex. 1613 . ochta na n-ánradh, ML² 1729 . do līnatar a n-ochta dā n-anālaib, 379 . gur luigheadur ar ochtaibh ... ban ┐ fear (sc. birds), Feis Tighe Chonáin. 1768 . Cf. ML² 1739 . ? mar guin ernbais i n-ochtaibh , Leb. Gab.(i) i 104.15 . bean hochta wife of thy bosom , Deuteronomy xiii 6 . of Christ's wounded side : maith dún ḟuil an ochta, A. Ó Dálaigh iv 5 . dá dtí tuile i n-áth an ochta | ar sgáth Mhuire is dolta dhúinn, DDána 31.27 . Attrib. gen.: (fig. of a harp) a mhionn ochta na n-airdríogh `breast-jewel,' Studies 1923, 274.6 . idir dhá fhaobhar an éididh chúil ┐ an éididh ochta `chest-armour,' ITS xxiv 120.35 . breast-work (Arch.): drochta dogníd dia ingin | ós gním ochta (v.l. ochtga) aird-inbir, Metr. Dinds. ii 58.10 ( LL 216b46 ). in caisslēn ochta `the breastworks,' Fl. Earls 78.33 . a ttighi a mhuir ┐ a thairimtheachta gan an caislēn ochta do chomhairem, 68.9 . in sense of dear, beloved (cf. bosom friend): rob mac ochta aireachta | cach mac buan dod 'bhroindḟine `the darling of the assembly,' Leb. Cert. 194.11 . Cf. BB 277b31 . mo dhá mhac áilne ochta, Keat. Poems 1077 . In bardic poetry: of Christ: mo mhac ochta ┐ anma, Ir. Monthly 1920, 374.30 . foráil do mhac ochta oirn, Dán Dé iii 21 . a Mheic ochta ógh-Mhuire, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 8 . Mac ochta Dé, ZCP x 28.24 . Of the Blessed Trinity: trí meic ochta na hóighe, DDána 9.9 . Of John the Evangelist: níor dhocra lat iná lais | a mhac ochta 'n-a éagmhais, Dán Dé i 14 . Of St. Colum Cille: mac octa do ri nime ┐ talman, BCC § 25 . fíonúir ochta na gConallach séadach (fig. of a warrior), O'Rah. xxvi 31 . Here perh. belong: Niall fa hóige don fheadhoin | ... | gé do ríoghadh rompo so | ríodhamh ochta na hEórpa, L. Cl. A. B. 173.40 . súi dian sosad sil ochta (?) LL 37c23 ( Auraic. 5310 . ZCP xvii 292 ). Transf. of a place: is é mac ochta na n-airdtreabh, TD 34.28 .

Cf. secht m̅c̅ ochta cona fotha d'iasc ┐ di enaib ┐ lubib ┐ ilmblasaib, IT ii 173.8 ( YBL 114b14 ).

(b) bosom; lap : éirghis as a hucht do léim | an leanbh `from her arms,' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.33 . oc tarraing a méic asa hucht don ḟeoldenmaid, Todd Lect. vi 82 . Cf. TD 13.39 , 46 , and exx. given below under i n-ucht. gur bhat lána a nochta dona cnoibh `laps,' BNnÉ i 14 § 19 . ar ghlúin 's ar ucht Ch.C. | ... do bhí an chúi-sin 'na coiléan, Ir. Monthly 1929, 107.7 . do teilgeadh an crannchar annsa n-ucht into the lap , Proverbs xvi 33 .

i n-ucht (a) in, at, on the bosom or breast of, in (to) the arms of, in (to) the lap of, on (to) the knees of: a cend i n-ucht P. ┐ a coss i n-ucht Mo Chae, Trip.² 425 . a cheann i n-ucht Eirce, Ir. Monthly 1920, 423.11 . gur chuir a cheann 'na hucht, TSh. 9304 . docoras casal di nim i nn-ucht P., Trip.² 1228 . nos gaibseom cech óenliathróit ina ucht, LU 4877 . damberat i n-ucht Conchobair, 5018 . ro boí íarom in móethóclach ina chotlud ┐ a chossa i n-ucht indala fir ┐ a chend in n-ucht araile, LU 7429 ( BDD 101 ). baili i fil in trícha cét gaibthi cach fear a ucht i n-ucht, BDD (Y) 105 . dobretha som a chend i n-ucht a shenathar (a form of submission) CRR 53 ( LL 177b33 ). mac na hucht gá ionghuire `being nursed at her bosom,' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.25 . itc[h]onairc Muiri ┐ a mac in a hucht ┐ si oc tabairt a ciche do, Todd Lect. vi 49 . cur ling i n-ucht Uilix, ┐ co ro lig a gnúis (of a dog), Mer. Uil. 292 . fuaratar in mac i n-ucht a máthar (sc. the Shepherds), PH 7076 . a hathair i n-ucht Mhuire | athaidh i gcurp cholluidhe, DDána 9.4 . ingen do Chathair Mór ... ina hucht, (of a foster child), LL 270a49 ( RC xxv 20 § 2 ). ni raibhe mac i nucht, na inghen ar altrom `in arms,' ZCP x 6.29 . gabaid Muiri a mac in a hucht iarsin, Todd Lect. vi 49 . is é (sc. Christ) tic ..., ┐ ro-n-gabus-[s]a fén a m-ucht in tan ro-po náidiu i tempul S., PH 3790 . an leanbh óg 'na hucht féin | gabhais bean Ḟ. ainn-séin, DDána 67.24 . ar muin eich ... ┐ guna ... trasda na ucht ar a bhelaimh `across his lap', Rel. Celt. ii 198.21 . tair ar chuairt sonn, suidh im ucht, DDána 67.31 . In this sense common in fig. expressions (see also III): do cuireadh clódh a teadhma | uaibhsi a n-ucht na cinneamhna `the conquest of her disease has been put from thee into the lap of fate,' Studies 1921, 75.17 . meinic ráinig riamh sinne | leagadh seóil, sníomh intinne | fan lucht do badh doiligh dhúin | da n-oidhidh i n-ucht fhortúin in the lap of Fortune , L. Cl. A. B. 211.16 . u.¤ Abrahaim Abraham's bosom (Scriptural): na huli noemu ┐ fírenu, batar i n-ucht Abrahaim a n-iffern, PH 3877 . tárrla gur iomchradhar na haingail gu huchd Abrahám hé, Luke xvi 22 . i n-ucht eclaisi Dé `in the bosom of,' Rule of Tallaght § 65 . in the company of: bith do i nucht ┐ i lar a decepol, Laws iv 356.1 . caoicidhis lán do anatar na maithe sin uile ina ucht, Ériu iv 61.3 . in the care of, under the protection of: acht go ndernait mo réir, ┐ go n-anait im ucht `if only they ... remain in submission to me (i.e. in my community, following my rule? ), BNnÉ. 233 § 150 . depending on: ceann m'aradhna a Íosa ar t'iocht | díorghadh don anamsa it ucht, Studies 1933, 140 § 9 . caora sinn dá bhar seilbh féin | do chuir tú i gcró idir chuainmhéir | a gcumhdach ar-aon it ocht | saor ó chumhgach na gcuanort `to save her and the fold depends on Thee,' Studies 1931, 80 § 2 . Cf. a bhfágbháil go hiomlán air ucht an easboig `to commit them to the bishop,' Donlevy 338.15 . cuirid i n-u.¤ : m'anim i n-ucht Crīst cuirim, ZCP vi 266 § 27 . geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir | do lucht tiomchuil Chláir Chobhthaigh, TD 10.3 . ó táid bhar sochair uile | dá gcor i n-ucht aon-duine, `are attributed by you to one man alone,' Content. vi 187 . an té ... chuires a chomhairle a n-ucht dhuine agá mbiadh cunnradh risan ndiabhal, Ó Héodhusa 135.15 . téit, do-icc, etc. i n-u.¤ : takes refuge with, seeks the protection of: rothindscan techt i n-ucht a muintere feisin (of a retreating warrior) TTr.² 1191 . robris chnāim a dromma ríasiu thísad i n-u.¤ a muintere, 1195 . do chuaidh i n-ucht uí Dhomhnaill `fled to O'D. for protection,' AFM iii 284.12 . do chuaid Donn Occ aris ... a n-ucht Aeda h. Neill, Ann. Conn. 1225 § 25 ( ALC i 288 = do saighidh AFM iii 234 ). cor dichursed T. a Condachtaib ... co ndechaid a n-ucht Gall aris Ann. Conn. 1250 § 2 (= FM ALC). gá dás dóibh gan dol 'na ucht, TD 9.48 . Peadar ... | dlighthear dhúin dul ina ucht | do shúil re brugh na mbeannocht, Studies 1920, 569.26 .

(c) the breast of an animal : budh lé hAáron ... an t-ucht, Levit. vii 31 . tuighe ... | in gach colcoigh ... | 'ga béin d'ochtoibh eunloithe, L. Cl. A. B., 184.108 . As name of a hound viz. Ucht Ard: rus leig a dhi choin ba garg | Ucht Ard ┐ in Ferb sheng, Duan. F. i 75z .

(d) ucht n-osnae: ucht n-osnae (v.l. u.¤ osnae) .i. u.¤ osmenta ... In baile didiu inditscrūta, is dó is nomen ucht n-ossnae (v.l. u.¤ osnae), Corm. Y 1275 . Cf. n-ucht n-osnai `into the breast of poetic revision,' RC xxvi 26 .

II Transf. and fig.:

(a) as epithet: a ucht solus, `O bright bosom ' TD 2.17 . a ucht glan, DDána 67.30 . a ucht bhog, Ir. Monthly 1919, 284.13 . geall gach oide ga ucht slim, Content. xviii 108 n. innis uaimsi dá ucht slim | an ceó tuirrsi atá ar m'inntinn, Studies 1918, 452.3 . a lán san leath so i bhus | d'ollamhnaibh 'má ucht sholas, Ir. Monthly 1919, 2.8 .

(b) applied to various other parts of the body; the palm of the hand : .i. do ucht na dernainde `to the breast of the palm' (gl. pectusculum), Gild. Lor. 202 . of the elbow : ucht rigi `the bend of the elbow' (i.e. one of the twelve doors of the soul), Laws v 363 n. d . Of the finger : budh iomdha le moltaibh fáidh fán bhfionn-urlár | 's gáir bionnorghán le hochtaibh imeil-mhéar `many ... the melody of sweet harps as finger-ends press them,' Ir. Monthly 1920, 650.13 = DDána 70.13 . Cf. cuir le suil th'ordoige 'na inadh é, YBL 349a41 .

(c) the bosom of a garment : ni du ucht etaig asbeir heremias inso (gl. non de uestimento), Ml. 54d4 . a nāe mbennachta ar in bhoin | tucsat dō a n-ucht a ēdaig, ACL iii 244 § 7 . Cf. mor a n-ucht aibhsech a luirigh | lorc an ghai nach gabhdais uird, Irish Texts ii 72.31 .

(d) Metaph. of the air, clouds : ar ochtaibh áilne an aieóir, L. Cl. A. B. 180.4 . Cf. a hinnibh an aieoir, Ir. Monthly 1920, 266.48 . do hosgladh ós ochtaibh néll | doirse uisgidhe an aiér, Studies 1921, 418 = O'Gr. Cat. 451 .

(e) the interior of a vessel : dabuch d[e]argiubair mōr lucht, (v.l. dabach d'arccat mór a lucht) | slōg ōss a ucht cen nach socht, ZCP viii 108.15 . Cf. dabhuch a raib[h]e édon, BCC § 158 .

(f) the prow of a ship : uchta ┐ airbrunni na liburni, LL 235b28 ( TTr. 1389 ). sáir ic certugud chlár ri ochtaib ethar, LL 236a26 ( TTr. 1426 ).

(g) applied to various surfaces analogous in shape to human breast viz. breast of a hill , etc.: ochta a beann, Measgra D. 140 . ar ndul co hucht mór os cenn an baile doibh `a great eminence,' L. Chl. S. § 27 . ní fhuil druim ..., | feadh nó sruth nó ucht dá áirde | ... nachar thriallas d'iarraidh m'fhir pháirte mountain-side , Keat. Poems 450 . gusin n-ucht ac Beind Étair, Acall. 5658 . Cf. Meallach liom bheith i n-ucht oiléin | ar beinn cairrge, Measgra D. 120 . Of places: conrici hUcht noi n-Omne, Trip. 338 = Thes. ii 238 . i n-ucht Cláraigh `on C.'s slope,' Ir. Monthly 1919, 167.7 . ar uchtaib anfosta `on inhospitable heights, Ériu viii 8.12 ochta sliab `the mountains' breasts,' O'Gr. Cat. 459.10 . fil sliabh ... isin crich sin, ┐ glenn aluinn fria a ucht `on its bosom,' Marco P. 15 (cf. fri hu. under III below). bloisgbhéim buinne dílionn do ucht airdṡléibhe, BS § 65 . Cf. i ccígibh cnoc, 884 . See also i n-u. below under III (g).

(h) a gulf or bay : sinus .i. ucht, Sg. 108b1 . co P. a nucht Aráibecda a muir R. anair ┐ in t-ucht Arcaidecda a muir Th. aniar sin, LB 142a11 - 12 . o muir Thorrian cusin ucht Persecdai, 150b2 .

(i) various other applications: tír ... co bhfasach bhfada fria huct, `in the midst thereof' Marco P. 101 . a n-ochtuibh all, 120.36 . tar ochtaib glinde, Acall. 5655 . 'sé a hochtuibh oilén ngoirmshreabh | ag rochtain oilén n-iongnadh, L. Cl. A. B. 91.113 .

(j) In proverbial and other expressions denoting to face, front etc.: dabad ucht ar indber lán | damsa guth ar géig n-Imghán, it were facing a full estuary , Ériu iv 220 § 29 . is ucht ra mór-dilind (prov. of a hopeless task), CRR 40 ( LL 176b14 ). troigh re teann, ucht re hanaoibh, L. Cl. A. B. 271.94 . cuirfidh a luchd a Luing Clíach | budh ucht ar íath cCuinn a chríoch, IGT, Decl. ex. 1774 . ní fiú mé re méad mo chean | ucht ort a chuirp an Choimdheadh `to approach Thee,' Dán Dé xviii 9 ( YBL 392b ). Cf. bar n-ucht aráon ar olaidh, IGT, Decl. ex. 233 . do-beir u.¤ ar approaches, faces, advances towards, sets out for: tabhair ucht ar Achadh Ír `face,' SGS iv 140.8 . dá dtug Mág Uidhir a ucht | ar Fhád Fuinidh dá bhfurtocht `set forth for' Ir. Monthly 1926, 472.13 . go dtugadar ucht ar an gcaolmhuir `they made for,' Keat. ii 528 . an chéad threabh thug ucht rómpa ar an mhuir, Eochairsg. 88.5 . attacks : tugadar u.¤ ar an dún, Keat. ii 3455 . tucadur u.¤ arna cristaidibh `opposed,' Fier. 68 . doberuit u.¤ ar B. cona ṡlógaib, Marco P. 113 . sets about, begins (to): tugadar u.¤ ar Laighnibh do lot ar dtús `they set to plunder,' Keat. ii 6338 . tabhair u.¤ ar ar na haithrighe, TSh. 6940 . Cf. 10523 , 9774 . mór loitir fa lucht an chruidh (v.l. chruib) | ucht ar thoicib ná tabair do not set about [accumulating] riches , IGT, Decl. ex. 174 . cuirid u.¤ ar approaches, faces : (Metaph.) cliar ... do chuir druim re Dia, ┐ ucht ar imreas, Eochairsg. 22.26 . tairre is cuir th'ucht ar Mac Muire (to St. Patrick), Dán Dé xii 9 ( YBL 370b ). cungnamh le mh'anmain don Aird-rígh | uchd do chor ar an gcroich ndeirg, Dán Dé xxxi 15 .

(k) Adverbial usages: ucht re hucht face to face : go mbí duine uchd re huchd | cuire a lucht isin longphurt, IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . teach aoidheadh coitcheann do chách | moladh Íosa i ngach éan-tráth | fa gnáth aca ucht re hucht | slata dar bhláth an bhochtacht (sc. the monks in choir), Ir. Monthly 1921, 374.17 . bhar dtrí catha, ucht re hucht, | teagaid i ndáil Chon Chonnacht, `united,' TD 9.53 . Cf. 8.40 . Freq. of a hostile encounter : batar samhlaidh ucht ré hucht co cenn sechtmhaine, ┐ deabhaidh gach laoi etorra `confronting each other,' AFM iii 130.8 . Cf. ucht fria hucht, BNnÉ. 108 § 33 ; 10 § 36 . tig ... rí Mumhan don leith eile ucht ré hucht dó, Keat. ii 4963 . Cf. ucht ar ucht face to face : TSh. 6640 . teagmaoíd ucht ar Úaimh Chorainn `we come right up to,' Duan. F. ii p. 8 § 27 . Cf. gé tú ucht re a n-iolghuasaibh `to many risks though I be exposed,' Ó Bruad. ii 134.18 .

III With various prepps. in phrases:

a hu.¤

(a) from the middle of, out of, from : boi im[mairecc] and i lláithib D., téora buidne im Ch. macc F. ┐ C. asa n-ucht oc imbert [in gae] lia sairse occo, Trip.² 770 . re hinnarba ... cach foreigne as a ucht `from his breast,' MR 160y . doluid for a gabrai gluair | Balam a hucht in morslúaig, SR 4782 (possibly these belong to b). fer gonur a hucht tsloigh móir, O'D. 545 (< H 3.17 c. 435 ). Laws iv 180.8 Comm. (and so read 178.19 `in the van of a great army'). ro bedhgsat ... a hucht a muintire fein `in front of their own forces,' AFM vi 2146.7 . Cf. co ragaib ... oc slaidhe na slógh, a ucht a chatha fadheisin `from the breast of his own battalion,' TTr.² 1354 . mian lim Sil Setna gan ḟaill, | co tren a hucht Clann Conaill `in the front of.' MR 162.23 . In pl.: duas do ruithriuch a hochtaib a reward [is due] for an extempore `ruidriuch,' Caratnia 47 ( ZCP xv 362 ), cf. gell ar trisi breth ar coicthi ... gell a ochtaib breth ar trisi, Cáin Ad. 38 .

(b) in the name of, representing, on behalf of (cf. f) : dáilim a hucht righ nimhe | mé féin deitsi d'áiridhe, BNnÉ 133.17 . cuir an siothbháirc ... | ... | ó chalaidh, a hucht an Athar `in God's name,' SGS iv 140 § 8 . cuirim si fort, a hucht Íosa ... scaradh fris, BNnÉ 5 § 14 . do cuir dano in manach forcúl a hucht páisi Crist ar an ainmidhi, Études Celt. i 87.32 . iarruim ort a hucht na Trionnóide, Mac Aingil 100.19 . do chathuigheadur a hucht creidimh Crist, ITS xix 30.16 . tuc se cead dóibh a hucht an papa, Expugn. Hib. § 90 . condechatar gennte ┐ cristaidi i ndail chatha fri araili a hucht a ndee, Marco P. 64 . ro ghaibhsidhe ag cendsucchadh Connacht amhail as dech ro fhed a hucht Gall `on behalf of the English,' AFM vi 2004.2 . neach é do niodh foghail ... a hucht na bainríoghna cédna, 2088.4 . ro fhaccaibh barda a hucht na banríoghna inn, v 1632.8 . sith d'focra ... do clainn Uilliam Burc a hucht Rig Saxan, Ann. Conn. 1333 § 11 . do dhol a hucht an Ghobernora `by order of,' AFM vi 1880.10 . do rinnetar síth ris ... a hucht I Domnaill ┐ Í Néill, L. Chl. S. § 15 . dorachaind a hucht an imperi ┐ na cōra, ZCP vi 59.25 . do inneósuinn a hucht m'ord | mé fá bhrón ..., Studies 1919, 74.11 . Of poetry, justice, etc. : a hucht na healadhna `in the name of poetry,' TD 22a19 = O'Gr. Cat. 402.21 . Cf. an fine as t'u.¤ do eirigh `which arose on thy behalf' 20.47 . ag dáil ḟíneamhna as a hu.¤ , ib. 59 .

(c) instead of, in place of (in a disparaging sense. Cf. Mod. Ir. sop i n-ionad na sguaibe) : ba haitheach somh a hucht treóin `a plebian representative of a hero,' AFM iii 178.17 . ni tardsat iarum muinntir ... in rig nach freagra furri, uair ba haithech a hucht treoin insin, FDG 128 . badar aithigh a h-ucht treoin iad `in the shape of heroes,' MR 18.10 .

(d) because of, on account of: mé ar Mac nDé éadána as m'ulc | mé a hucht m'éagára ar a hiocht `owing to my sin I appeal to her'(sc. Mary), Dán Dé ii 27 . mé ó phurt ag taisdeal na dtonn | as a n-ucht ní haisdear liom | mo sdiúir tar buinne an bhean mhall | crann siúil mo luinge an Fear fionn `I feel my course sure owing to them,' xxvii 35 . tiad tríthe as t'ucht gan arma | lucht faghla Críche Connla, TD 10.25 . Cf. a hucht chóra, `in a rightful cause' 30.5 . gaibh ar h'oineach mé, a Mháire | a hu.¤ flatha fionnGháille 30.26 .

(e) by means of: truagh nách faghaid lucht a laoidhidh |a hucht aoinḟir oirbheartaigh, TD 16.9 . a hucht draoidhechta a ndéeadh, L. Cl. A. B. 168.72 . as ucht: measgaidh as ucht bhur saidhbhriosa bhur bhfola uirísle ar fholuibh uaisle, PCT 378 .

(f) by the influence of (cf. b) : uair do hoirdneadh Brian ... a hucht an iarla chedna le mac Mairtin ..., AFM iii 452.8 . do rigad a hucht an Iarla cetna mac Aeda Buide ..., Ann. Conn. 1291 § 3 . Art ... do ghabhail a ionaidh a hucht Gall `through the influence of,' AFM iii 158.17 . a rigad ┐ a aithrigad a hucht hUa Maine `at the instance of,' Hy Maine 90.6 . a hucht hI Chellaig `at the recommendation of,' 86.9 .

(g) for the sake of (purpose): an aithnidh dhaoibh riamh roimhe | an ní do ní an ceannoidhe | a hucht a n-adhanta air | re lucht malarta an mhargaidh `so as to excite them to buy,' Studies 1928, 268.16 .

i n-u.¤

(a) in front of; over against; opposite : brugh slaitgheal a n-ucht easa, IGT, Decl. ex. 1338 . an drong ... nach féadaid dul i mullach na bochtachta ... acht is éigean dóibh anmhain i n-ucht an tsléibhe, TSh. 10113 . i n-ucht an gheata soin Mhalla dom mhálsa, Hackett xl 145 . enpurt lanbeg luingi a n-ucht cairrg(h)i `in the face of,' Stair Erc. 634 (cf. II (g) above). a ngleacaidhe thusa a n-ucht an bhaoghail, O'Rah. xxxv 13 . Cf. i n-ucht mhíonmhuighe M., L. Cl. A. B. 108.196 .

(b) before, or at the beginning of: linnte balbha ar bheagán uisge | i n-ucht ṡamhraidh, TD 34.36 . a n-ocht fomhair, 23 G 24, 405 .

(c) against : ro innsaigsett ... in lathair i n-ucht muintere Poimp, CCath. 5703 . do rinne Dia i n-ucht ar gciontadh | an cogadh do chur i ndlús, Dán Dé iii 3 `against our sins God pressed on the war.' Cf. do léig 'n-ar n-ucht a aithne | do threig lucht a leasaighthe (of an ungrateful pupil) Ir. Monthly 1929, 42.8 ( DDána p. 353 ). Here perh.: sgeith don tuinn altdorcha im ucht, Measgra D. 50.27 .

(d) ` besides' : dá chroich eile it ucht | ó dhá churp i gcás `besides thee,' PBocht 5.40 .

fri (re) hu.¤ , ré n-u.¤

(a) before (of space or time), in front of, facing (of position) : giodh re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil, ┐ gé re hucht n-oibrighthe, IGT, Introd. § 16 . an tan teagmhus ad no gad no dod ... re hucht nguthaidhe, tinne lom as cóir ann, § 20 . acht re hucht .r. no .l. no .n. ar lár comhfhocuil, § 34 . garbhuighidh .r. re hucht .dh., § 45 . a hosnaidh re hucht na croiche, DDána 30.33 . i bhfoslongphort ré hucht chathrach B., TSh. 777 . do bhí i bhfoslongphort réna n-ucht, 5917 . Cf. 1070 , 2967 . do shuidh comhairle na millteach i bhfoslongphort rém ucht, 3881 . tógtar mo phuball re hucht na sluagh, ITS xxiv 30.16 . mar a raibhe C. ... re hucht bhfear nÉirinn, 74.29 . a-tá 'na chnoc ard rem ucht | an díomas ..., DDána 6.32 . do [h]ordoigheadh le hUilliam | sráid ar leith don lucht seanma | da mbeith re a ucht infheadhma, `that they may be ready to perform before him' Ériu v 58.8 . ag dul a nAlbain ... gur eirigh coire B. re na ucht, BCC 378.2 . tarrla cúan rena n-ucht, Stair Erc. 2267 . ro chuir ... Ó Néill an coimlion cedna fri a n-ucht, Hugh Roe 162.26 . ód chí an t-éag re hucht mo bheoil `when he sees death near me,' PBocht 24.29 . a rabha rem ucht san ḟionnbhragh `those whom I found,' TD 11.13 . na hÍobhuil re a hucht `the Jews whom she met,' PBocht 5.36 . san rian nár hoireadh re a ucht | i ngurt gliadh dob oiremh Art, L. Cl. A. B. 232.35 . an lá re hucht na hAoine, Studies 1936, 67.19 . immediately before, on the point of: tarladar sin uile dhó ré hucht na Bealltaine `on the approach of,' Keat. iii 2141 . as coir ... a glacadh re hucht mbáis (sc. the Eucharist), O'Hussey, Ó Héodhusa 206.5 . ré hucht an bháis, TSh. 797 . agus é re hucht bháis, Keat. ii 169 . ré hucht an éaga, TSh. 8682 . re hucht a éaga, PBocht 11.19 ; 28 . go beith ré hucht éagtha dhóibh, TSh. 7795 . nir ghabhusa oglach nua riam re hucht chatha I never yet engaged a new follower on the point of battle , CF 542 . re hucht catha Muighe Rath, BS § 49 . re hucht an catha do chur, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 7 . re hucht dulta ar neamh Dhó, Eochairsg. 4.32 . ré hucht dulta ar siubhal sluaigh, TSh. 6975 . ré hucht triallta do thabhairt Catha A. `on the point of setting out,' Keat. iii 2299 . ré hucht triallta i L. dhó, 3113 . ré hucht bheithe ag déanamh crábhaidh when about to ' TSh. 424 . do-ghéna ... | déra re hucht n-imtheachta `at parting,' Studies 1924, 85.1 . nach mór do hairigheadh orra | ... doimheanma re hucht na heachtra `at that (death-) journey,' PBocht 24.10 . re hucht in baili d'fāgbáil dōibh, Fl. Earls 20.6 . re hucht Críosd do chur fan lic, PBocht 9.29 . re hucht an cheatha do chur, Ir. Monthly 1920, 596.22 . ré hucht imirce do dhéanamh as an saoghal so, TSh. 7745 . ré hucht cháich do dhul san chath, Keat. ii 4527 . at the time of: oslaigid re hucht in sgeōil | fuindeōga ēsca as aeōir (sc. of the Nativity), ACL iii 244 § 16 = at the tidings . re hucht na togha `at the Choosing,' (sc. on Judgment Day), Dán Dé x 10 .

(b) for, for the purpose of, with a view to, as a provision for: in sciath ra hucht in chatha, LL 300b1 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean `to win triumphs,' TD 19.15 . is é ro chuir an céadchath, | re hucht n-iomchosnaimh ḟuinn Bhreagh `in contest for,' 4.6 . bliadhain iomshlán d'Aonghas Ruadh | re hucht ngill ar ghrés n-ionnfhuar `seeking to attain the prize,' Studies 1920, 2.5 . gur chuir ... Noe taise Ádhaimh i dtaisgidh san áirc ré hucht na dílinne, TSh. 236 . ré hucht gheimhridh an bháis, 6350 . bíodh ré hucht deargadh na ndeor, PBocht 13.20 . mar aighne re hucht [a]saortha, 1.25 . Common after vbs. of preparing : bhádar seacht mbliadhna ag a n-ullmhughadh re hucht na heachtra preparing for , Keat. i 184.19 . ré hiad féin d'ollmhughadh ré hucht an bháis, TSh. 2656 . iad féin d'ollmhughadh ... ré hucht ionnsaighthe na bearnan soin to attack , 2652 . é féin d'inneall ré hucht na nguasacht bhíos 'na chionn, 2241 . Cf. 6887 . Here perh. ré hucht na ríoghdhála soin da ngairthí Feis T., Keat. ii 3871 [ for the purposes of (?)].

(c) against : do chuadar na Saracení sluagh líonmhar ré hucht Constantionopuil `laid siege to,' Keat. iii 2261 . ba merburba ina tot murtonn in mormara re hucht alla no aird-sleibe, CCath. 5792 . cia as ionchuir re hucht na tuinne | achd lucht iomchuir cuinge Críosd, `who can face that wave ?' PBocht 8.22 . líonaid re hucht na n-ánrath | brúaigh ísle na n-úaránshroth, Studies 1921, 419.12 . lucht mo luinge i dtír do theilg | Ríoghan re hucht buinne bhuirb, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 4 . trí doirsi thighe an dhúilimh, iadhfuidher uile ré tucht, O'Hussey, Ó Héodhusa 127.3 . foighide maordhacht méin tromdha | ... gá caomhna re hucht gach fhormaid, Studies 1927, 438.20 . banfhlaith ..., | turnadh cáich re hucht n-eisíth `who pacifies all in face of enmity (?)' Studies 1921, 589.10 . gé tá cóir na gcló rem ucht | mó mo dhóigh as do dhaonnacht `stands against me' A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 19 . an pháis oirdhearc fhuair dár gcoimhéad | cur ré hucht gá hagra as mhó, PBocht 9.28 . dá dtugthar re hucht bhar n-agra | ... coim óm athair dhála dhamh `against thy charge,' 1.23 .

IV Compds. :

n (a) with subst. ¤bruinne breast, bosom : co mbui a ucht-bruinne fria bord na luinge, CCath. 2045 . tucc a laim dar a uchtbruinne, IT i 121.20 ; 122.5 . eter coilér a sccapail ┐ an nocht-bhruinne (leg. a n-ochtb.) BNnÉ i 89 § 188 . araill fri huchtbruinne Tepoitt na long 'watching the motions of' ( fronting, breasting ), AFM vi 2124.20 . á haithle mh'ailemhna, | re hucht-bhruindi hui A. `at the very bosom of,' MR 304.24 . Of the forepart of a raft : ro tair[r]ngit re huctbruindi na ratha, CCath. 2664 . pl. uc[h]tbruinnedha echda ic a n-urtoccbail, 6098 . do comtuaircnigh ... a n-uchtbruinde fein fri araili (v.l. n-uchbruinded ; n-uctbruinnedha), CCath. 3171 . mná ... co n-ór fria n-uchtbrunnib, LU 3889 ( SCC 40 ). ¤bualad ` breast-smiting ' : ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil ... lasin uctbualadh, CCath. 4633 .

¤chlár

(a) front board of a chariot : is amhlaidh tainic et uchtclar a carpait re a bruinde, TBC-LL¹ p. 607 n. 1 .

(b) a breastplate : inar ... forórda uimp[i] cona uchtchlar ordaigi ann, Acall. 5922 . see 470 n. , 3021 n. , 4080 n.

¤chnoc `breast-hill' : an t-uc[h]tcnoc airdṡlébhe, CCath. 5374 . ¤chrann a poitrel, armour for a horse's breast (?) : ce beith ic brisiudh a ucht-crand remi a saint in retha, 570 n. ¤chride : dhó ar n-osgladh a uchtchroidhe (: oile) `after piercing the centre of the Just One's breast,' Ir. Monthly 1928, 438 § 12 ( DDána p. 118 ). ¤chumdach a corslet (lit. breast-covering) : re deirrideacht a n-eididh agus a n-u(a)chtcomdaig (leg. n-ucht-c.), Celt. Rev. iv 118z . ¤géimnech : badh dhealg na chliabh gach liach dá n-uichtghéimnigh `each sigh of their sobbing breasts,' Ó Bruad. iii 122 § 4 . ¤guin a breast-wound : t'ochtghoin mar do fhoillsigh t'fháidh, Studies 1938, 74.28 . náir lé ochtghoin a hoidhir | dá locthair hé d'ionnsoighidh, 470.27 . a éin-mheic fhuair an ocht-ghuin, Ir. Monthly 1923, 472 § 6 ( DDána p. 185 ). atá séala ar th'ocht-ghuin uain, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 5 . Mac Muire ar na ocht-ghuin uaim, xxix 8 . ¤liach `heartfelt sorrow' : oidheadh Eoghain i n-Áth Cliath | tug toirchios och is uchtliach, Ó Bruad. iii 50 . ¤macad adoption : athargadh, ochdmhacadh, Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 48 ). Cf. uchtmhacadh `the adoption of a son,' P. O'C. ( Romans 8.15 has : spiorad na macachda= s. athargadh na cloinne, 1681 ). see pláta a breast-plate : agus do dhéna tú ar an uchtphláta slabhruidhe ag na cennuibh, Exodus xxviii 22 .

(b) with adj. uchtard (gl. strumossus [ventosus]), Ir. Gl. 643 . ¤bláith : do chonncadar cáthair ... ucht-bhláith uai[th]ne ... uatha ` fair-breasted ', ITS i 60.5 . do choncamair ... pálás ..., uchtbhláith `of beautiful front,' Oss. iv 250.2 . ¤gel white-bosomed : carais ... aindre áille uchtgheala, ZCP i 64 § 53 . laech uchtgel rochoem, TBC-LL¹ p. 783 n. 11 . in gach aird uichtghil d'Eirinn, Studies 1926, 237.1 . Metaph. : colum uichtgheal álainn, 1934, 434.10 . do ghéis uichtghil Ḟinne | tuigthir linne ar lobhradair, TD 16.41 . As npr. f. : beires Éanna mac Néill Uichtgheal inghean Mh. ... leis, L. Cl. A. B. 9.2 . ¤lethan broad-breasted, of animals : each ... uchtletan, CCath. 4735 . ar da n-echaib ... uchtlethna, TBC-LL¹ 3377 . gabur ... uchtlethan, LU 8626 ( FB 47 ). Of the sea : an toigēb mo c[h]urchān cīar | ōs aigēn uchtlet[h]an án ? ZCP x 46 § 8 . imle uichtleathna na hÉireann, Ir. Monthly 1929, 331.37 . As epithet : co rancadar crich Airtig Uchtleathain, Ériu viii 176.31 . Cloithfhionn inghean Eochach Uicht-lethain, Keat. ii 2874 . ¤slim smooth-breasted : dúntar órsgabal uichtshlim | mun rígh re héill n-airgidchinn, L. Cl. A. B. 98.145 . ¤solus bright-breasted : As epithet : Eithne Uchtsolus, Mackinnon Cat. 143.13 . Ádhumh ucht-ṡolus, Ériu iv 114 § 17 . Of goblets : niamh a corn n-ochtṡolus n-óir, TD 8.10 .

(c) with verb: do uchtbidgadar ┐ do thoitedar a ngnúsi re lár 'they were shaken to the core and fell with their faces to the ground', Stair Nic. 28.518 .​