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Bel(l)taine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Bel(l)taine or dil.ie/5631
Last Revised: 2013

 

n Appar. io, m. or n. in Lament 10 cited below, but f. in later lang. `the month of the beacon-fire', Pokorny, Jn. Celt. Stud. i 134 ; see also Études Celt. vi 65. time of the beginning of summer ; May ; first of May : belltaine .i. beil-tine .i. tene bil, Corm. Y 122. O'Mulc. 150. Note further Bil .i. o Biel .i. dia idal, 149 . nó co beldine ' diu . . . doaselbti dine gacha ceathra for seilb Beil. Beldine iarum bel-dine, dine cecha cethrai, ZCP iii 246.4 , 6 (Tochm. Emire). is dé roinn nobid for an mpliadain and .i. in samrad (sic leg.) o beltine co samfuin ┐ in gemred o samfuin co beltine , 245.26 , 27 . ón teinidh sin do-níthí i n-onóir do Bhéil ghairmthear Bealltaine don fhéil uasail ar a bhfuil lá an dá apstal mar atá Pilip ┐ Seamus; Bealltaine .i. Béilteine nó teine Bhéil, Keat. ii 3833. i mbelltaine `in May', Laws i 132.13 Comm. cus na belltanaib bida nesom `to the next May-days', ii 390.20 . ó belltaine co belltaine, iii 142.19 Comm. an treas lá do mhí na bealtuine, ZCP i 118.22 . gort i mbrāen mbelltaini a field in a May shower, ACL iii 238 § 5 ( Aithd. D. 80.5 ). braen na Bealltaine, Stair Erc. 2104. ada buada belltaine: / coirm, mecoin, suabais serig, Hib. Min. 49.4 . it falte na hingina / o thic doib co beltene (: sentane) `Mayday', Lament 10 (see note). la ria mBhealltaini `on the eve of May Day', Ann. Inisf. 1230.1 . imm lóei belltaine, LB 101 marg. inf. In n. pr. Gilla Crist Húa Mael-belltaine, RC xviii 191.14 (Tig.).

samain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. samain or dil.ie/36129

 

Forms: samna, samnae, samhain

n f. g s. usually samna (i-stem); but samnae, AU i 254.3 may indicate ī- stem, see Ó Máille, Lang. of Ann. Ulster p. 144 . samhain f., IGT Decl. § 10 (53.1) . See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 56 .

The first of November, the festival held on that date, in relig. contexts All Saints' Day, All Hallows.

(a) slúaig Helair . . . | sóerait s.¤ síanaig, Fél. Nov. 1 ; samuin [.i.] samfuin .i. bas in tsamraid, Fél.² clxvi . samhain .i. samhfhuin .i. fuin an tsamhraidh; fuin .i. criochnughadh, O'Cl. o shamuin, edhón sam-fuin .i. fuin an tsamraid ann. Ar is dé (= dí) roinn nobid for an mpliadain and .i. in samrad (sic leg.) o beltine co samfuin ┐ in gemred o samfuin co beltine. Nó samsun .i. sam-suan .i. is ann sin feraid sam suana, ZCP iii 245 § 55 (Tochm. Em.). ón lúan iar s.¤ . . . cosin cétain iar n-imolg, TBC-I¹ 1821 = on lúan re s.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2472 . ar badair oslaicte sidha Erenn im s.¤ do gres, air ni feta diamair dia samna do gres for sidaib, RC v 202.16 . cuired Samna ar fhóir Emna, Irish Texts ii 64 § 7 . ó thá samhain go samhrodh (the usual time for visiting), TD 9.14 . on tsamhfuin . . . go féil Brénainn, AFM v 1540.y . a gabhail gacha samhna `every hallow tide', BNnÉ 252 § 207 .

(b) explicitly of the festival of S.: co ndernad feiss na Samna la Conchobar i nEmain Macha, MU² 30 . oc ferthain óenaig na samna, LU 3224 ( SCC 1 ). conid de sin atát na trenae samna sechnón na hErend, 3227 ( SCC 1 ). Of the festival held at Tara: do chathim fessi Temrach ar cech s.¤ , 4210 . fes Temra cecha samna . . . ┐ óenach Tailten cech lúgnasaid, 4211 , cf. IT iii 198 § 55 .

(c) with prec. adaig, día, lá: co mbad i n-aidchi samna no írrtha orgain Brudne, ┐ conid din tendáil út lentar tendal samna o sin co sudiu, BDD 69 . cech fer do Ultaib na taircébad aidchi samna dochum nEmna, Ériu iv 26 § 14 . atbail . . . Moingfinn aidche samna; . . . conid de do garar féil Moingfinne frisin s.¤ ocon daescarshluag, ár ba chumachtach side ┐ bantuathaid . . . conid de cuindgit mná ┐ daescarsluag itcheda aidchi samna fuirri, SG 332.6 - 10 . adhaigh Samhna, Aithd. D. 26.22 . die samnae, AU i 254.3 . día Samna, Sc.M² 24e . tri lá ría samfuin . . . ┐ lathe na samna feisne, LU 3223 ( SCC 1 ). ticedh co Temhraig i líthlaithi na samhna gacha bliadhna, Acall. 1666 . lá Samhna, Aithd. D. 11.12 .

(d) legal: im telguin in brog-feoir don senbaili im S.¤ , Laws i 132.15 Comm . (see telcud). As date used in assessing age and therefore value of animals: in da scripull cetna air o berther e cus in samuin is nesa `from its birth till the next November ensuing' (a cow), Laws ii 240.14 Comm . in banb samna the b. born (due for payment?) at s., O'Dav. 978 . trí scripaill ar in mboin ó s.¤ imach cus in mbelltainni is nesa, O'D. 932 ( H 3.17, 658b ).

In n.pr. Maelsamna comarba Cainnigh, AU i 484.14 = Maolsamhna, CS 220.2 .