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belach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. belach or dil.ie/5608

 

Forms: bealach, bealaighe, beilghe

n o, n. (bel). See Ériu xiii 165 , 166 . bealach m., n p. bealaighe and beilghe, IGT Decl. § 55.

(a) gap, pass (between hills), defile, (narrow) passage : B. nÁne, LU 5217. oc Beluch da Liac, 2936 . Imrull Belaich Euin, TBC-I¹ 2113 = Belaig, LU 6654. Bēlut (Belach, v.l.) ṅGabruain, Corp. Gen. 21.26 . trí belaige Hérenn: B.¤ Conglais, B.¤ Luimnig, B.¤ Duiblinne .i. Átha Clíath `the three mountain-passes of Ireland', Triads 50 . for bernaib ┐ belgib criche Conaille Murthemne, TBC-LL¹ 4732. dar b.¤ Mara Ruaid, Todd Nenn. 232.95 . ar bēlu belaig crīche hūa Mochlongthi, MacCongl. 85.24 . etarnaid cach belaig ó Fertaibh Fer Féich co Temraig `an ambush on every pass', ACL iii 16.1 . belaigi cumga caille `narrow forest passes', ZCP vi 56.1 . gan dul isin mb.¤ mbodhba sin, ML² 337 . a mbelgip belsalc[h]aiph ┐ imbelataib imcumcaib, CCath. 4843. gur réidhigh bealaighi (bealaighthi, MS.) ┐ daingne Laighean, Ériu i 80 § 10. gním berrtha ós braine belaig `of shaving the gap (part left bare by the razor, ed.'s n.) above the fringe', Metr. Dinds. iii 334.11 . ac brisedh na mbéilghe (mbéilghedh, MS.) `in breaking through passes', Expugn. Hib. 40. bealach coilleadh bicce `a pass through a small wood' (but perh. nom. loc.), AFM ii 1060.4 . do dhol tar beilgibh isteach . . . i tTír Amhalgaidh, vi 1884.12 .

(b) road, path, way lit. and fig. As the name of various early roadways in Ireland, see Leb. Cert. lix . ros failgetar belgi ┐ mendudai ┐ críchdoirsi a námut `Strassen', Alex. 200. rún belaig betha knowledge (?) of the road of life, Metr. Dinds. i 30.4 . ré Ríg belaigh betha cé, ZCP vi 269 § 2. ar slis choillgheal chláir na mbeilgheadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1423. bealach na náomhthachta, Isaiah xxxv 8. ar bealach on the way, TSh. 2582. ? Note also: frisin mbelend mbandernach / belaig úathaig ochtclesaig, LU 10394 ( ZCP iii 257.5 ).

Common in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

bélat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bélat or dil.ie/5615

 

Forms: -e-

n [u, m.] later also -e- ? (cf. bel, bél, belach) place where several roads meet, crossway ; pass, frontier : b.¤ gl. competum, Sg. 24a6 . bélot loṅg `a pass for ships' (Notes), BDD² 304. fersat cath cach belato, ZCP x 43.5 . i mbelataib imcumcaib in glenna, CCath. 4843. belota .i. na bela uatha, Laws i 160.5 Comm. fri raind ┐ belada ┐ cricha, iii 22.18 Comm. síl goirt focertar forcertar (sic) fri belatu criche, O'Dav. 1046. Fig. way : gaibet[h] inn belat (beleot, v.l.) forsa tīagat huili .i. gaibet[h] dē[i]rc ┐ vmallōiti, ZCP iii 454.14 ( Celtica viii 76 § 35 ). In nn. loc.: erexit sé per Belut Gabrain, Thes. ii 269.33 (Ardm.). Cf. luid . . . for Belach Gabran, Trip. 194.8 . do Belut Alióin, LU 5383 (= TBC-I¹ 907 ). gur redigse[d] an Ruadhbheitigh ┐ na Belata, CS 332.22 . See Hog. Onom. s. bélat , belat, and cell bélait.

Compd. brisit dar beladcairdibh, IT iii 91 § 131.

1 dúnad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dúnad or dil.ie/19229

 

Forms: dúnaig, dunaich, dúnadh

n o, m. (orig. neut., Hog., CRR 143 ) (dún); g s. dúnaig, Imr. Brain i 68.23 , Todd Nenn. 80.3 ; dunaich, Lec. 600b14 . dúnadh (ón dún) m., IGT Decl. § 53 , (ón tsluaighedh) m., § 11 .

(a) encampment , i.e. the entrenchments cast up by an army on march round its halting-place (= L. castrum), oft. synon. with longport; hence used also of a permanent entrenchment or fort , as synon. of dún: dunadh .i. sluaghadh no nert no fas (= foss) no faslongport, O'Dav. 657 . dúnadh .i. foslongphort, O'Cl. nogaibtissom dunad hisuidiu they used to encamp (of children of Israel in wilderness), Ml. 83a4 . gabthe dunad les fris ar in(o)illus a camp was pitched by him, 55c1 . dosnetarraid oc gabáil dúnaid, TBC-I¹ 1701 , cf. 1348 . ar abba dunad ┐ longphort do gabáil dóib, TBC-LL¹ 431 . gabsat cethri ollchoiced hErend dunad ┐ longphort inn aidchi sin ic Belut A., 1589 (cf. 5090 and TBC-I¹ 1772 ). can aidchi ndunaid ┐ longphuirt sund, 612 . luidh slogh huadh asin dunadh du saghaid arba, AU 913 , 859 . blai dúnaid freedom of encamping (?), ZCP xi 83 . co rasaerur mna Erind . . . ar feacht ┐ ar sluaiged ┐ ar dunad till I free the women of Ireland from (participation in) march and hosting and encampment, Lec. 336a4 . Fort, residence (of chief, etc.): ní ba d.¤ cen rígu, IT iii 50 . ní bia dunadh na rígh-ráith | gan dul uile a n-anflaitheis, Cog. 204 . Dunbléisci . . . Blesc ainm muccida ríg hUa C., is e robui isin dunud sin, Fél. 40 ( LL 355a ). baí rí amra do Grecaib i ndunud fecht and, LL 279a36 ( SG 413 ). do rīgaib in dúnaid-sin (of Heaven), PH 4354 . dochuaid do dunad in corad . . . do proceapt dó, Todd Nenn. 78 . coem in d.¤ rancamar, MacCongl. 37 . ar mhullach gach aoin tighe dá raibhe san dúnadh, SG 5 . roscart maccu na curad . . . ar dorus a llis ┐ a ndúnaid fadessin, TBC-LL¹ 949 . o ranic co faidche in dunaid i mbái Culand, 1017 . do badar tri dunaidh a n-iarthar na crichi .i. Dun Cais, etc., CF 83 . raloscit ar ndúnaid ┐ ar ndegbaleda, CRR 3.15 . isin d.¤ sa, MU² 613 . Fig. of a person: dunadh dōini . . . Ruman mac Cathasaigh cain, AFM 919 (poem).

(b) encamping army, host: dúnadh .i. sluagh, O'Cl. secht trichait cét deac . . . iss é lin ar ndúnaid, TBC-I¹ 189 , cf. 917 . adreth riched rúnach | d.¤ Adriani, Fél. Nov. 6 . ronsnádat dond rígu | cona ṅdúnud dánu, Fél. Jan. 23 ; cf. July 22 . Cf. cen dunad, cen biathad, Cymmr. xiv 118.4 = cen slóged, Ériu iii 140.17 .