Search Results

Your search returned 12 result(s).

aidbden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbden or dil.ie/828

 

Forms: aidben

Also aidben? Vn. of ad-feid (see Bürgschaft 23 , ZCP xviii 380 ).

(a) act of leading to, towards; setting something in motion: nach dal, nach a.¤ tonut-fuichfither any preparation, Bürgschaft 22 § 65 (b) (Veranstaltung?). frisna gnimu sin ┐ na haidbdena, 23 § c .

(b) Used of a person belonging to a noble grade whose function is to represent his kin in dealings with a higher lord, especially the king, or with members of an outside túath (see Bürgschaft, etc. above): combi lánchongnam i túaith do aidbdenaib, do noillechaib, do gi[u]ll, do gíall, do chairdiu tar cenn ceníuil tar crích i tech flatha, Críth G. 412 . do-beir cenel a slan na n-aidbhean .i. in tan nach biadh tobach. boaire medonach sin ┐ is edh gabus do laimh, dul tar ceann na tuaithe re cach nduine amach ┐ dul re laimh im cach ní dlighfit amuigh do tobach doibh the family pays the fine of the a. when a seizure has not taken place (i.e. when the a.¤ has not been able to recover the debt and has paid himself) O'D. 2287 ( Rawl. B 506, 26v1-2 ) ( ZCP xviii 380 ). Classed amongst the etarḟlaithi: rannait aitiri an da trian n-aile i tri .i. trian do flaith, trian do fine, trian do etarflaithib ┐ do iteraibh. trian na n-etarflaithe ┐ na n-etere, ranntair trian de do muire rechtgi doda-fet a tegh ri[g], a trian do aitiribh, a trian n-aill do aidhbenaibh na tuaithi do roinn co haenscrepall (of property of a deceased person), Bürgschaft 62.7 (Ériu i 215). ata aithech eirnis amal flaith fer son iii n-aidben, fer do-rata athair ┐ a senathair gell tar cenn a aicme, O'Curry 885 ( H 3.18, 396a ). tathat lim . . . logh do sinnsire tūs aidhbdhen tus ea[r]labhra, ZCP xii 365.14 ( tusn-aidbsina, Laws iv 372.12 . See aidbsiu). aidhbhean .i. adhbha dhíona, O'Cl. adhben .i. itercian bit dono adbena uasal .i. taoisich na tuaithe cach uais araile coruici righ, O'Dav. 185 (hence: aidhbeil (leg. aidhben, ed., aidh bhen, v.l.) .i. cian, Metr. Gl. 19 § 59 . aidhbhean .i. imchían nó fada, O'Cl.).

(c) the leading troops, vanguard (of an army): rushudhigsed sudhiugud fir fria n-aidpheana / fria sluaghadha fri cuanghala fria chaipdeana, Ériu xvi 180 § 9 . nicon reilgi a hiath aidhben / cūan nō caibden dia horgoin advance troops . . . to plunder her, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v 1919, 93 § 31 (`aus fernem Land'). cengsat siar . . . ond Athain, aidben anair a troop from the east, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.35 (cf. aidhmen .i. deoraid, citing this ex., Ériu xiii 63 § 30 ). ?ciarb aidben leó fácbat sund / Cairmen . . ., Metr. Dinds. iii 6.63 . aidhbhean .i. olc no deoraidh, O'Cl. Hence as synonym of écht slaying, slaughter: mor d'echtaib ┐ d'aidbenaib, H 3.18 , 726.15 . slan a mhenman dechtaib ┐ daidhbenaibh dfhaghbháil forra, ITS xlii 302.y . robtar mince iomda a ccatha . . . a n-aidhbena for a mbiodhbhadhaibh, AFM vi 2280.9 .

(d) of Cú Chulainn's toys, playthings (cf. aidemm?): focheird a adbena uile riam acht a liathroit nammá, TBC-LL¹ 1018 . focheird a adbena ániusa uli úad, 1076 . gab icc athgarddigud na sliged reme da adbenaib ániusa, 1017 . mar benar a aidhbhena āiniusa ┐ imāna a lāmhaibh mic bhig, RC xiv 265 § 59 . Note also: ni haidhbhen etraib im Glend Ochaine sund, TBC(C) 425 (= cian, TBC-LL¹ , TBC St.

airdbide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airdbide or dil.ie/1809

 

part. of ar-díben

(a) cut off, destroyed: annat a.¤ gl. non peremptum, Ml. 135d6 . airdbidi gl. interceptam, 49a25 . na n-airtbide gl. interfectorum, 33d6 .

(b) fixed, specified: im a biad nairdbidhe, Laws i 126.23 Comm. cis n-a.¤ , 158.9 Comm. In phrase cairde a.¤ pact subject to fixed conditions or a fixed term(?): cis lir cairde do cuisin? a tri. Cairde na.¤ (.i. ima mbi airdebi cinntech .i. aithghin no ainm dareis araile) ┐ cairde nimdilsi crichi . . . ┐ cairde feine, O'Curry 524 ( H 3.18, 262b ) (cf. ZCP xv 326 ). cairde féne ┐ cairde na.¤ ┐ cairde niundlius criche. Cairdi na.¤ cetamus a fiach amal inlathar, ZCP xiii 24.31 = O'Curry 804 ( H 3.18, p. 327b ). comeiric im cairde airdbi ┐ coimdire im cairde fene, O'Curry 221 ( H 3.18, p. 117 ). is eric cairde airdbid and no cairde feine, O'Curry 523 (ib. p. 262b). nocu netar cairdi imdilsi crichi gan cairdi feno no gan cairdi airdbidi, O'D. 2304 ( Rawl. 506 fo. 30a ). frisnascar .i. a coruib bel .i. fognam a.¤ , O'Curry 838 (H. 3.18, 382b). benar .i. cinnter, ut est fiach nad ardbenar i cairdi airdbidh .i. fiach na fircinnter isin cairdi i mbi airdbi cinntech, O'Dav. 243 . As subst.: airdbidh nó airdeibi .i. cinnedh, ut est na téid a slan acht for airdbidhe .i. na rachadh in lan ro hiocadh acht for airdeibe cinntech, O'Dav. 110 . See also 148 .

2 amarcach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 amarcach or dil.ie/3089

 

n (? 2 amarc): fuil for anairt namharcaigh .i. o tairisis fuil aran anairt taithnemhaigh is amsercach (sic) re nech í, O'D. 555 (H 3.17, c. 438) = for anairt amharcu, O'Curry 2481 ( Eg. 88, f. 39(40)a ). corus filedh fobenar, benar inuid amarcae, a.¤ gach file cin fogluim, O'D. 2217 (Nero A vii, 149b).

1 barr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 barr or dil.ie/5416
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: barra, bhairr

n o, m. Otherwise: an fearann barra (g p. ?) the produce farm , Maguires of F. 92.

(a) In general, top, tip, end : b.¤ .i. críoch, O'Cl. b., críoch, corr, Eg. Gl. 65. pundand . . . ben-de-ind .i. a b.¤ benar de, Corm. Y 1065. for b.¤ cech oen chlúi, IT i 191.17 . for b.¤ na tuinne, LL 14625. for b.¤ slati, PH 131. for b.¤ an tsrotha, BNnÉ 296 n. 4 . ar b.¤ uachtarach na lasrach, TTebe 4142 . ruaíc tucadh do b.¤ in tṡluaigh the front of the host, AU iii 538.24 . sdéad seang ar bharraibh a bróg, DDána 106.10 . i mb.¤ an bhrogha, 71.16 . ? im' imdai . . . conna barreib forōrdae, MacCongl. 119.2 . ar b.¤ na cathrach `housetops', Stair Erc. 1872. bíbh (sic) a bárr so er bechbrethaibh `let [me see] any one improve upon . . .', O'Gr. Cat. 110.14. fo b.¤ Chenil Luachain `upper end', Ann. Conn. 1390.6 . b.¤ eanbruithi scum, O'Gr. Cat. 252.31. bárr bláthaigi 179.4 . go coilltibh bhairr na tuaithe, AFM vi 2230.2 . Cf. 1 úachtar (b).

(b) Special applications. Of trees, top, branching portion; of plants, tip, flower-head: b.¤ gl. frons -dis, Sg. 113b6 . in bairr thalman gl. intiba, 169b1 . b.¤ edin treetop interlaced with ivy, Thes. ii 294.11 . i mbarraibh cech primhfedhae, Blathm. 256. for barraib crand, Laws iv 188.14 Comm. athgabail cerc . . . mad i mbarr, gat ima bun if they are in a treetop let a withe be tied around its trunk, ii 118.14 Comm. in comad ro sia a b.¤ (of a felled tree), iii 226.11 Comm. b. blaithe . . . foríti ina mbech, Laws ii 120.x (but see Bechbretha 190 ). íar mb.¤ ḟedo, Imr. Brain 42. tri .xx crand / comraic nad chomraic a mb.¤ their branches almost touch (?), LU 3703 ( SCC 33 ). cromm barr cráeb, LL 12851. b.¤ sobarche, LU 10846. do b.¤ in feoir, CF 73.10 . no-thescatís barru na crand, PH 4620. b.¤ an luis, DDána 71.19 . b.¤ dés, IGT Decl. ex. 1089.

In phr. bun b.¤ = lock, stock and barrel, completely: ro tesc in ṅgabail . . . d'óenbéim bun b.¤ trunk and branch, TBC-LL¹ 746. ic atód tenedh ┐ do cuired in omna . . . bun b.¤ fair, IT iii 195 § 33. Cf. bretha bairr bunaid, Laws iv 166.x. dilsigthir barr bunaid a ttorad in cethramad bliadain, 168.3 . See 1 bun.

(c) Of the extremities of the body: b.¤ na teangadh, Cóir Anm. 279. Cf. TTebe 1863 . b.¤ a da slindén. TBC-LL¹ p. 615 n.6 . doghabh an rioghan ar b.¤ láimhe, Ériu v 184.370 . Cf. Dán Dé xv 32 . b.¤ na mér (collect. ?), Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . b.¤ na sróna, IGT Decl. ex. 1389. b.¤ fiadha an antler tip, Celtica ii 32 § 3 . b.¤ búabaill, see s.v. búaball.

(d) head of hair: do b.¤ cass, IT iii 16 § 41. barr buide for-dut-tá 'the yellow head of hair which is upon you', Echtrae Chonnlai 121 § 5 . b.¤ (.i. gruag), ZCP iii 378.18 (B. na f.). as caomh ┐ as find an b.¤ fil for L. . . . bidh é a ainm óniu amach, Findbarr, BNnÉ 12 § 9 . an b.¤ bachalldacht, Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 1 .

(e) helmet, tiara, diadem: saraballa i.e. tyara uel b.¤ , Thes. i 2.11 . b.¤ gl. tiaras, Sg. 70a20 . b.¤ gl. pellium (i.e. pilleum), 95a6 . b.¤ gl. cassis, 67b6 . casuss (leg. cassis) [.i.] b.¤ , Laws i 32.20 Comm. b.¤ bís am cenn in rígh gl. eobarr, Ériu ii 4 n.49 . an ingin . . . ┐ b.¤ ōrda for a mullach, ZCP iii 459.22 . tathuigid in mb.¤ . . . .i. mionn n-oir bis for cionn ind rig, RC x 218 § 8 . See cathbarr.

(f) crop, produce: See Wagner, Ériu xx 180. buide beus b.¤ Feimin `Feimen's crop', Lament 13 . gort geal nach bí fá bh.¤ , Aithd. D. 62.5 . b.¤ dreasa durrthoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 1210. ní fhuair b.¤ ón deachmhaidh dhíbh `he found no fruit on a tenth of them' (of vines), PBocht 7.16 . b.¤ cnó . . . / ar choll, O'R. Poems 161. ar bharraibh aipche ┐ anaipche an tíre, AFM vi 2186.x . a mbairr ┐ a nguirt do mhilleadh, iv 856.2 . ? bretha bairr ┐ maigne, Laws iv 188.8 (`judgments concerning tree-top and field'). beich thetechta (sic leg. cf. 180.16 ) gaibte b.¤ nemid swarms that settle on the crop of a n. (?), 184.z .i. gabait i mb.¤ craind uasalneimidh, 186.30 Comm. Fig. ar [an] gcrábhadh do bhiadh b.¤ , DDána 3.5.

(g) Gramm. enclitic (demonstr. or emph. pron.): fearsoin, fearsin, lochdach gach b.¤ dhíobh, óir ní cóir b.¤ gan shunnradh (i.e. the demonstrative suffix may not be used without the article), IGT Introd. 7.26 . ag oireamhuin don fhocal bhíos roimhe bhíos an b.¤ madh cáol no leathan é, mar atá an fearúd . . ., mac an fhiriúd, 32 § 149. réd neamhshubsdainteach an b.¤ , ibid. ní cháoluigheann focal le b.¤ ar bioth achd le b. innsgne an emphasizing pronoun , § 150 . ón Tadhgsa . . . an b.¤ iomchras an sunnradhsin it is the enclitic that takes that defining element, § 15.

(h) Fig. top, climax, end; crown, supremacy, preeminence, transcendence: benait . . . / b.¤ find for slúag enair bring to a triumphant end, Fél. Jan. 31. Andreas . . . / dobeir b.¤ . . . / Nouimbir for slúagu, Nov. 30. na trí bairr for Érind .i. b.¤ dés ┐ b.¤ scoth ┐ b.¤ measa `the best of corn crops (?)' (Gloss.), BDD² 609 f. ishe thall a mb.¤ / do choic coicedaib hEirenn deprived of their supremacy, Rawl. 163b3 . ar bháidh is ar bh. ceiníl, MS. Mat. 565.40 . a mb.¤ . . . / tarla ag Róis ó ráonsgolaibh `R. was given the palm', O'R. Poems 221. gan b. ionnta acht ar áirmheas `have no other point of superiority', Content. vi 50. ní bhiadh b.¤ againn san ccéim-se ar na beathadhachoibh allta superiority , Desid. 1550. bárr óm dhuinese ag duine ní thárla none ever bore off the palm from, Hackett xl 115 . le b.¤ luais `by surpassing speed', Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 21 . le bárr neirt, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 352.12 . ba b.¤ aithméla a crowning cause of regret, Caithr. Thoirdh. 27.35 . le b.¤ gaoise `excessive wisdom', Content. xvi 98.

With beirid, do-beir: is tusa féin bheir b.¤ seirbe orra uile who exceeds them in discordance, SG 287.22 . go rugadar bárr ainbhfeasa ar gach droing d'eiricibh, Eochairsg. 1.17 . nach béarthaoi a b.¤ ar theagh that she might not be surpassed in the matter of (her) house, Content. xxviii 48. go bhfuil ní éigin sna daoinibh eili tré mbeirid ar mb.¤ , Desid. 2055. nocha ttainicc roimpe dia cineadh aoinbhen rug b.¤ a maithessa, AFM iii 580.12 . b.¤ Néill do thabhairt d'Fhéidhlim `putting F. above N.', Content. vi 246.

(i) Of an individual, one who is preeminent, chief, leader : in [b. buadhach] Benéan, Leb. Cert. 112.12 . Patraic b.¤ Breg, LL 15538. Brighid Bhreagh [as] bh.¤ na n-ógh, DDána 42.46 . b.¤ na n-uile `the Lord of the world', Aithd. D. 75.6 . aon bh.¤ áigh cloinne D., AFM vi 2240.1 . ní fríth . . ./ a bh.¤ do chéile comhluinn his superior, Content. xiv 25.

(j) more (than, AR); excess, overplus, addition: iarr féin b. air sin more than that, O'D. 714 (H. 3.17, 522) (scribal note). Cf. cuir b.¤ air seo, O'Gr. Cat. 111.31 . b.¤ ar sheachtmhoghat bliadhan more than 70 years, MS. Mat. 568.6 . fiche bliadhain is bárr re chois, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.21 . bárr daoine `excess of numbers', ITS i 154.12 . b.¤ uaidh ar a heolchuire it increased her grief, DDána 20.41 . an b.¤ freagra fuarobhair the additional answer, Content. viii 11. gá fios an bhfuil b.¤ aimsire agad? more time, Mac Aingil 927 . gach ní do mheasfadh do dhul a mb.¤ glóire . . . dhō, Parrth. Anma 3646. mile se cheud ┐ b.¤ tar ceithre bliadhna deg more than 1,614 years, Luc. Fid. 5494. Attrib. g s. na connsuine bhairr sin those additional consonants (in rhyming group), IGT Introd. § 27. se céd décc is bliadhain bhairr, AFM vi 2236.8 . buannadha buna ┐ bairr, v 1686. 3 .

do b.¤

(i) in addition: mo mallacht ┐ mallacht Dia do bárr, O'Gr. Cat. 123.2. ní théid soil . . . do bh.¤ a ccomhardadh ar bioth an additional `s', IGT Introd. § 24. fuilngeann an connsuine bog connsuine chrúaidhe ┐ theanna ┐ édtroma mar áon ris do bh.¤ san chomhardadh a mbí, § 25. cuirim an connsuin[i]si do bh.¤ , § 28. díomas do bh.¤ cean im chionn as well as (other) sins, DDána 44.7 .

(ii) In RSClára, for the purpose of: do bh.¤ dherbhtha ┐ ghlaine na Sethar ( = `for the more surety and purity of the Sisters'), RSClára 93a . do bh.¤ daing- nighthe do rinnes proifesion air sin ( = `for more security'), 40a .

With follg. AR as well as : do bh.¤ ar gach ní dá ndubhramair, TSh. 3266. do bh.¤ ar bhuain na habhla, DDána 6.8 .

? ce ni lomardais tre b.¤ mo da no dim chinn, Blathm. 94 § 17 (` in addition '), but see Ev.Inf. (GTh) 465 n. 28 .

For phr. feras b.¤ see feras.

Compds.

(a) With nouns and vnn. ná measadh sí gur barrabhaois . . . ár gcúis exceeding folly, Ó Bruad. iii 226.9 . fá bháirr-chíos gé bhíodar excessive tax, Keat. Poems 926. guth ar barr-crith trembling, BNnÉ 152 xx 4 . barr-ḟéile (: fand-éirge) exceeding generosity, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.12 . do balcbuain barrghabháil `a mighty reaping', Blathm. 372. airinig creduma impe co mbarridaib argit `top-rings', Ériu iv 30 § 21 (cf. stiallaib, LU 10124 ). an bairrísli do bhí a coill, IGT Decl. ex. 172. ní fál gan bharrshlait síol S. `top-rail', O'Hara 1051. a dam ar mbéin barrthuisligh tripped (?), IGT Decl. ex. 419.

(b) With adjj. do buar Banba barraidble mighty, towering B., LL 27558. di ṡlúag Berba barr-bricce `dappled', Metr. Dinds. iii 172.72 . re chéibh mbarrchlaoin waving, DDána 105.23 . fo cosma ilius na clethi . . . isi bund-remar barr-cael tapering, Laws v 28.7 Comm. tiara uerticale .i. barrchrumbac (barchrumbac, MS.) Thes. i 1.7 . an tAos-óg aibhriosg, bháirreudtrom thoughtless, Donlevy xviii 24. Connachtaigh na gcorn mbairrfhiar with curving edge, DDána 105.27 . ar maccan brigach barrfind, Thes. ii 291 § 6. ri betha barrglais, SR 1033. dod chéibh bharrúrthais `soft fresh hair', Aithd. D. 41.21 . don Banba barrbilig, Ériu iv 104 § 49 (blattbilig, v.l.). eilte . . . barrachluasacha point-eared, ITS i 16.27 .

With verb. ¤lasaid: bántor noco mbarrlass `blazes to the summit', Studies 1920, 418.10 .

benaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benaid or dil.ie/5647
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: benim, benaim, benai, benith, benaid, bennaid, benid, bentai, -ben, benas, benait, -benat, -rubaim, benair, benar, -bentar, -benad, -bentais, ben, benad, benaidh, benat, benar, -bia, -ruba, -rubai, -bethir, -ruibther, betir, -rubad, -rubaitis, -rubdais, no-m-bethe, bīu, biëd, bíthus, bias, bifas, -biter, bethir, -bífad, -bífed, mbíthe, beo, bii, b, bissis, bisius, bië, -beotur, -rubha, -ruba, -rubai, -rubi, rodmbi, ros-bae, robéotar, robeotar, robeobdar, -rubatar, -rubhradar, bíth, -rrubad, bíthi, bitha, -bítha, ro-bīthe, bethi

v See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 369 , 461 , GOI §§ 551 , 654 , 691 (a) , KZ xlvii 159. Indic. pres. 1 s. benim, Thes. ii 42.7 . benaim, LU 6170. 2 s. benai, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. benith, Thes. ii 250.11 , benaid, Ml. 46d4 , LU 6206 , bennaid, 5213 . benid, TBC-I¹ 397 , bentai, 1201 (with suff. pron.). bentus, Airne F. 2.17 . -ben, 424 , Blathm. 98 § 26. Rel. benas, Corm. Y 1235 , Críth G. 556 , TBC-I¹ 3605. 3 pl. benait, Fél. Jan. 31 , June 30 , -benat, MU² 544. With ro-: 1 s. -rubaim, LU 6230. Pass. sg. benair, Ériu ix 47 § 19. Rel. benar , Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). 3 pl. -bentar, Ml. 91b3 . Indic. impf. 3 s. -benad, LU 9137 ( FB 88 ), 3 pl. -bentais, TBC-I¹ 30. Ipv. 2 s. ben, TBC-I¹ 3593. 3 s. benad, Wb. 20c8 . 2 pl. benaidh, Ériu ii 120 § 58. 3 pl. benat, TBC-LL¹ 5834. Pass. sg. benar , Ml. 93d16 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. -bia, Laws iv 124.10 . With ro-: 2 s. -ruba, TBC-I¹ 1596. -rubai, Críth G. 581. Pass. 3 s. -bethir, Ml. 36a5 . -ruibther, CRR 54. 3 pl. betir, Ml. 54a17 . Subj. impf. (with ro-) 3 s. -rubad, TBC-I¹ 2769. 3 pl. (?) -robeotais, Cymmr. xiv 118 § 19 ( Rawl. 132b35 ). -rubaitis, TBC-I¹ 806 , -rubdais, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.24 . Pass. sg. no-m-bethe, Ml. 39a19 .

Fut. 1 s. bīu, TBC-I¹ 3592. 3 s. biëd, Celtica xxi 200.6 . bíthus (with suff. pron.), LU 10481. Rel. s. bias, TBC-LL¹ 3453. With -f-: bifas, Rawl. 132b36 . Pass. pl. -biter, Anecd. i 44.4 . Rel. s. bethir, Blathm. 957 . Condit. 3 s. no bīad, TBC-I¹ 2942. -bífad, SR 5812 , -bífed, TBC-LL¹ 744. Pass. s. no mbíthe (nom bithe, MS.), Blathm. 506.

Pret. and perf. 1 s. beo, TFrag. 108.6 = AFM i 302.9 . 3 s. bii (disyll.), Blathm. 98 § 25. b, LU 1750 (ICM). -bí (= -bai, TBC-I¹ 696 ), LU 5176. Note also (with suffix. pronoun and intrusive -s-) bissis, RC xii 68 § 34 , bisius ib. Rel. s. bië (disyll.), Blathm. 279. 3 pl. -beotur, Corm. Y 698 (59.5) = -beodutar, Corm. 24 (gaire). With ro-: 1 s. -rubha, AFM i 242.9 (= RC xvii 177.2 ), 2 s. -ruba, Wb. 13d25 . 3 s. ro bi, Rawl. 88a30 , -rubai, LU 5334 , -rubi, BDD² 187 , rodmbi, Laws iv 176.26 . ros-bae, CRR 56. 3 pl. robéotar, LU 5110 (= TBC-I¹ 625 ). robeotar (beóatar, robeobdar, ro hortsat, v.ll.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.3 . -rubatar, TBFr. 60 , BDD² 695. Note also: go n-da-rubdatar, TBC-LL¹ 4384 (see Ériu xiv 118.1 ). -rubhradar, ZCP i 464.29 . Pass. sg. bíth, Metr. Dinds. iii 94.23 . ro bíth, RC xxiii 308.33 . -rrubad (sic leg.), Fianaig. 10.21 . pl. bíthi (bithi, MS.), Blathm. 203. bitha, RC xxiii 308.33 , -bítha, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 52. ro bitha, Ml. 100b2 , TBC-I¹ 1373. ro-bīthe, ZCP xi 62.4 .

Part. see bíthe. vbl. of necess. bethi, Ml. 114c12 . Vn. see béim, bíth. Later with stem ben-, boin- (cf. boingid), bain- throughout (with ā-subj., f- future and s- pret.). See rubaid.

I

(a) beats, strikes: in O. Ir. gl. pinso, Thes. ii 42.7 , perculsus, Ml. 45d6 , pulsat, 46d4 , iecta, 123c17 . beanaim .i. buailim, O'Cl. b.¤ in t-aingel in sruth co fleisc, LU 2117 ( FA 18 ). bi ind ala slabrad suil ind rig, Ériu iii 136.2 . co mbensom dia durnn inna ētan, TBC-I¹ 423. fer benas dam óenbéimmim who fells an ox with one blow, Críth G. 556. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb, TBC-I¹ 1201. b.¤ in talum o chois deis he strikes the ground with his right foot, PH 1337. benith galar (a charm), Thes. ii 250.11 . araile fer . . . robenad on crithgalur was stricken by, Lat. Lives 98 § 93. benfat na demna o phianaib examla me, PH 2231. (of a head of hair) b.¤ braine a dá imdae it strikes against (i.e. touches) the edge of his hips, BDD² 963. drud rú asa mbearna bheanaid `whose gap they strike at' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 859. an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a clár dod chumhochtaibh `strike up . . . the scale weighted with my sins' (?), Dán Dé xxii 12 . Transfd. casts (a shadow): co mbentais foscod i medōn a dā gruaide (eyelashes), TBC-I¹ 30. reaches: benaidh immorro inis Breatan seach hErinn saerthuaid co cian (`extends', Todd Nenn. 31.2 ), BB 203b40 .

Of hand-clappers, bells strikes, rings: ben do chlocc, Trip.² 1370. clocán bind / benar i noidchi gaithe that is struck, IT iii 16 § 40 . benais Sencha bascrand, MU² 923. robenadur na cluic `sounded', ZCP vi 285.1 . benait cluig ┐ ceōlāin . . . uaidhip fēin `the bells and chimes . . . of themselves rang', Fl. Earls 52.2 . In phr. b.¤ (cloc) FOR (? AR), see II infra.

Strikes (fire), lights: co bethir gl. inuratur, Ml. 36a5 . roben in tenid Chascae = incendit ignem, Lat. Lives 5 § 4. do benusa teine ┐ doronus a fadodh, BNnÉ 69 § 114 .

Note also: F. féigbind ro ben bríg mbreth who passed weighty judgments (Thurn.), ZCP x 271.4 . With galar: benaim galar `I slay the disease´ Celtica xxv 252 . benim a galar, Thes. ii 249.7 . benith galar, 250.11 . See also 1 fris-ben.

(b) hews, cuts down, off: bíi Ququlaind a dī ord lāma ┐ a dī ortt coisse, ZCP viii 120.21 . bennaid Cu Chulaind omnae, LU 5213. do benuit leō roga ro-chleth . . . ┐ mīne mōirf[h]eda, ML² 1064. benat scíathu let them slash shields, TBC-LL¹ 5834. (of breaching, knocking down a wall) dia robenad in t-ochtmad múr, PH 8014.

(c) slays; wounds: beosa L. an[d] do chailg, TFrag. 108.6 (= AFM i 302.9 ). ra mbeótar i n-ecomlond, LU 6680 (= TBC-I¹ 2138 ). intī bifas nō genfas (sic) nech do slōg araile . . . arthús, Rawl. 132b36 . nad ro marb in bech rodmbi (glossed: ro gonastar e, 178.7 Comm. ) `the bee which stung him', Laws iv 176.26 . Eoin . . . do thriall tar sáil / is mó bhíth mé is do ghríos mé ná is mian do rádh `what has wounded me more sorely', O'Gr. Cat. 581.10.

(d) Of crops cuts, reaps; gathers: (of Adam) co n-aireadh ┐ co mbenadh gan allus, BB 16b2 ( ITS xxxiv 58.15 ). benaid in gort uile `they reap the whole field', Ériu v 116.14 . glenn . . . ina mbenaid dáoine ímforcraidh spísraid, Maund. 54. an chnú ní 'na bláth beantair, Dán Dé vii 15 . luibh leighis re báidh beanais with love (for us) He plucked a healing herb, DDána 48.1 . (of turf-cutting) mani bentar hi ina haimsir coir, Laws i 132.7 Comm.

(e) incises, engraves: ise in luathrindi sin robenadh i sciath C. that is the `luathrindi' (lit. ash-point) that was cut in the shield of C., Ériu v 72.23 . (of drawing Ogam characters) no da mbentar uile, LL 5338 ( Auraic. 5449. )

(f) takes (away), carries off: bensat giallu iar congail, RC xvii 145.14 . Of tax, tribute, etc. exacts, levies: mili dam mili bo benaim `I exact', 49.9 .

II With follg. adv. do ben a claidheamh amach drew his sword, ITS xix 44.4 . lér bhain sé a fhlaitheas . . . amach arís `recovered', Keat. ii 1089. do benadh luirech an ridire sin amuig `was captured', L. Chl. S. 38. do bean Úa B. . . an gealladh . . . ar aiss retracted, Expugn. Hib. 69. do benatar ar lár laim ris `they fell to the ground', BCC 132.

With prepp. With A takes from: in pars benar a hichtur in lithe `the particle that is cut off', Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). ercōit benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308.z. is tu rogab misi . . . ┐ roben fhuasgailt asum `got ransom from me', ZCP vi 285.8 . (of a rescue from a castle) go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'eiccen, AFM vi 2172.25 . do bheanadar as . . . they inferred that . . ., PublicRecords Appendix 40.22 . eunuchi . . . .i. na daoine as a mbeantur, 23 K 42, 94.18 . na h-ainmhíntidhe a mbaintear asta which are gelded, Corp. Astron. 90.21 . as e as adbur as a mbainter na catraca `that is the material from which cities . . . are formed', Ir. Astr. Tr. 36.7 . do benadh comnuidhe asainne forsan muir we were stayed, BNnÉ 7 § 22 . robenus lēim luthmur . . . as mo sdét made my steed leap, ZCP vi 65.9 . beantur fiuchad as `bring it (i.e. milk) to the boil', Rosa Angl. 94.2 . b.¤ custam as levies toll on: bentor custam as a n-eachroidh in gach baile dip, Fl. Earls 86.1 . b.¤ greim a see greimm. ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh / ná beantair lat é as m'olcaibh, DDána 61.6 .

With DE takes from: robenaitt a lama ┐ a cosa donti dorone were cut off, Ann. Conn. 1224.3 . benuis screapall beg . . . de `broke off', Fl. Earls 34.17 . dobenadh a ceimniughudh de the power of walking was taken from him, Aisl. Tond. 107.3 . Of covering, clothing, etc. ben a erriud ┐ a étgud de take off his equipment and his clothing, TBC-LL¹ 4061. bensat a chroicend de `stripped his skin from him', PH 2146. bean an dá bhliadhain déag . . . do na hocht gcéad déag bliadhan úd `deduct . . . from', Keat. ii 1160. do ben minna da ṡíair fa marbad uile `he made his sister swear that she would kill them all', Maund. 82. go mbeanfaidhear cúntas 'na smuaintighthibh dhe an account of his thoughts will be demanded of him, TSh. 7304.

Various phrases. b.¤ céill, súil de, see cíall, súil. b.¤ cert de, see cert. do bhean Ír díobh . . . tosach `outstripped [them],' Content. xxx 4 ; cf. ag béin túsa d'íbh Táil, IGT Introd. § 38. ris an mbréig níor bhean dá mhóid he did not break his vow (?), A. Ó Dálaigh l 31.

With DO: lucht an bheatha dá mbeanfadh on whom it would fall (i.e. a deluge of rain), DDána 75.22 . do ben escor don nech the person fell, BCC 452.27 . do bhain a mhaoith (sic MS.) do gach fior affected everyone, Ériu i 98.32 . ro bhen a droch-dhiach dhó oir fuair a righedh ar carr `his evil destiny awaited him', AFM v 1818.12 . ní bhean th'aigneadh d'Eóghan thy opinion did not effect E. (i.e. E. was not of thy mind), Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 5 . dom anmain is eadh bheanas / an mac do bhí i mbraighdeanas the child . . . is my soul, DDána 7.21 . gidh cúich mé, a bhean, beanfad daoibh / madh áil leat leannán macaoimh I shall be yours, 67.14 . Caiter ḟíona .i. an chailleach dhubh do ben dó who adhered to him, Ó Héodhusa 42.8 . ní bheanann dúinn trāchdadh orra annso it is not our business to . . ., Mac Aingil 2586 . ní bheanand doibh offic Chriosd do ghabhail chuca `they have no right to', Carswell 225.

With FO: b.¤ foo (in ras. H) attacks them, LU 4874. bean far dtoirmisg-ne far dtoil try to prevent us from achieving our wish, DDána 95. 24 . má bheanann faoi ag mionsmuaineadh . . . ar na neithibh si if he happens to be thinking, Mac Aingil 360 .

With FOR (AR): forom-sa co m-benfat a n-osnaid ┐ a mmallachtain it is at me their sighs . . . will be directed, TBC-LL¹ 197. benais Medb béim n-aisce fair reproached him, 472 . benfait Ulaid form do lecud th'oenur sin cocrích, 1176 . ní bheanfa aimhleas no olc / ormsa inghean Con Connocht `Cú Ch.'s daughter will not charge me with hurt or harm' (?) Studies 1921, 589 § 8 . ro ben cotlud na haidhchi forro deprived them of, CCath. 2439. ni bhenabh sa a chuid don tsaogal fair, BNnÉ 182.15 . ar neach do bhean a mbúaludh / uabhur h'each mear dhā mūnadh `the mettlesomeness of your swift steeds . . . deprived a person of (the need of) beating them' (Notes), O'R. Poems 2535. nā benaidh amhiris for Dia imm immut a mirbhol do not visit God with disbelief (?), Ériu ii 120 § 58. b.¤ (cloc) for (? ar) lit. rings (a bell) against, hence excommunicates: gabais salmmu escaine foraib . . . B. a chlocc foraib, Trip.² 1303. cor benadh an Bernān Ciarāin (i.e. the saint's bell) fair, RC xvii 383.11 . benait co mBríg . . . / barr find for slúag enair they, together with . . . B., bring the host of January to a good end, Fél. Jan. 31. See 1 glas.

With FRI (LA): traig . . . isī benas fri lār touches the ground, Corm. Y 1235. is béss didu ind liacc benir (sic MS.) ilbeim friss gl. lapidem offensionis et petram scandali, Wb. 4d15 . fuair fearthain . . . / nochar bhean re brat an naoimh, Dán Dé iv 22 . in Brug risa mbenand tond, Ériu vii 219 § 6. ? co Luimneach lethanglas / frismbarca ben, iv 154.2 (see F 428.56). benum . . . frisna catrachaib filet fri toeb mara let us visit, LB 142a29 . acht co mbeantai (toccaibti, v.l.) mur friu `if only a wall were set up against them', Ériu viii 179.9 . inud in ro ben in nathair fris 'the place where the serpent had stung him', ITS xxxv 34 § 119 . Fig. touches, affects; is concerned with, meddles with: benad fria chubus fessin gl. opus suum probet unusquisque, Wb. 20c8 . benaidh rind labhairt ar aesaib(h) an domhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.7 . ná bean ris, Proverbs xx.19. Ronán . . . / Colman fria mbaig benaim `whom I entreat for their blessing', Gorm. Aug. 18 (? modelled on late Lat. use of pulsare in sense of rogo, see Du Cange s.v. 1 pulsare ). ara mbaig fris mbenab, Nov. 4. gach ní dar bhean le Tepoitt `all the possessions of T.', AFM vi 2146.19 . an té do-ní adhaltrannas . . nō bheanas ré mnaoi neamhpósda, Parrth. Anma 2495.

With I: b.¤ side sleg n-ind, LU 1522. suil beanfuighthear innte = before it be meddled with, Proverbs xvii 14.

with ó forms, derives from (gramm.): cia an t-éntuillréim dég iollraidh ó nach beantur samhlughadh amhuil, IGT Introd. § 2. ? aer o bard benar , Laws v 228.28 .

clocán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clocán or dil.ie/9545
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. (cloc) little bell : c.¤ bind / benar i n-oidchi gaithe, IT iii 16 § 40 . comrad c.¤ bind, LU 9845 . dligit cleirigh craibdechu / techt fa guth clocan cilli, D IV 2, 55 va18 . a chlogáin ón chill, BS 66.24 . Cf. cluicíne.

con-lá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-lá or dil.ie/12198

 

v (* com-la-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ) lit. places together, joins : conla Conall C. cundrathau, ZCP xii 362.1 `enters into, binds', Ériu xiii 174 n. 4 . ni comul fri nech ingi fria rig namma I come to terms only with kings, IT i 142.9 . ata coraib comlasat comdliged, ZCP xii 365.24 . ? aer o bard benar bis a cein canar conla(?), diabul neirce, Laws v 228.29 . ? it hē ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit . . . coig anmand cinath . . . conlat ar andug, O'Mulc. 456 . Perf. (with -ad-): conailla Medb mīchura made bad contracts, ZCP viii 306.3 . ni mese conailla in clemnas n-isiu, Ériu iii 135. z `who made that match', Ériu xvi 68 n. 2 . Cf. beandachtain an Chomdid . . . con-alla (.i. conig) uiledoman dia áenḟocal, 65.11 (conallad, MS.). Of joining battle: comlait in cath, BB 426a32 . Meaning unclear: cis cinedh cocoire conlathar orba, O'Curry 2240 ( Eg. 88, 17(18)c ). [tidnacul] in fesa ro comlai in maigistir diaraile `conveys', Laws i 38.1 Comm. gl. tidnacul cluaise dia raile. ar a cinta condlat (difft. wd.?), ZCP xii 365.22 . ní cubhus conconla ara chel cingus, O'Curry 1744 ( 23 Q 6, 31 ) `conscience does not confound(?) (assail?) one who is going to his death', Plummer MS. notes.

Vn. 1 comal. Cf. con-cuirethar.

1 doé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 doé or dil.ie/17513

 

Forms: dóit, dóite, dóid, dóidi

n (orig. doë disyll., GOI § 326 ) nt, f. Later with n s. dóit, g s. dóite. dóid, g s. and n pl. dóidi, IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) The upper arm from shoulder to elbow, humerus (oppd. to lám arm in general and rig forearm): doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . inna ndoat gl. lacertorum, Acr. 26v2 ( Thes. ii 8 ). dae .i. righ nó guala, O'Dav. 740 citing Laws iii 290.15 where d.¤ is explained as meaning `guala' in a man and `ucht' in a woman. co memaid a doe láma, LL 292b31 . remithir dóit láma, FB § 91 . luibenchossach .i. luibne na mér na laime ┐ cos eissib (┐ cosa na mer estib, LB) suas, ind rig ┐ in doe (in doit, LB), gusin n-alt na guailne arsisidar . . . sē haisle didiu fil otha ind meoir co halt na gualand (viz. three phalanges, metacarpal bone, rig forearm, and doe upper arm), Corm. Y 447 . cusna rigthib . . . ┐ cusna doitib (where rigthe = ulnas), Gild. Lor. 164 . mebsaitis limsa glaine fer dia mbrāigde, brāigde fer la ṅdōite, rigthi fer la n-uaille (leg. a n-uille) men's necks (shoulder-blades) with their upper arms, TBC-I¹ 3547 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 5947 . turcbaid-sium a dóti ┐ a rigthi ┐ a dernanna, TBC-LL¹ 916 . cu roloisc in tene . . . doiti ┐ righthe na ndibercach, Lism. L. 2974 . co rosedlad buinde a sliasta ┐ a dá dóit, RC xvi 44 ( Dinds. 93 ). a dí ḟoil argit ┐ a dí bunne doat armlets, Imr. Brain ii 48 . bouinde doat, IT iii 238 . deich muince doat, Ériu ii 4 (dóat, v.l.). fail mo láma is mo dóitti, Fen. 400 . falge óir im dóitib, LL 18b34 . órnasc nobíd um dóitib . . . mac na saerchland, Thr. Ir. Gl. 4 s.v. aunasc. bla deilge dae `exemption as regards the brooch on the shoulder', Laws iii 290 . dealc n-oir huasa doidib ina brot above his fore-arms (i.e. on the shoulder), TBC-I¹ 3344 , cf. 3159 and TBC-LL¹ 5685 . dobertha ailge arda foa doitib (of Moses praying during the slaughter of the Amalekites), RC xii 434 .

(b) By extension the arm in general (synon. of lám): doit .i. lam, Cóir Anm. 236 . dóid .i. lámh, O'Cl. trisin doit gl. brachio, Ml. 29b8 . ní ceil a dóe for Láige `his arm doth not fail Laigde', RC xvi 70 ( Dinds. 118 ) = ni chel a dae, AFM 226 (i 110) , ní chél a doe, SG ii 492 ; ni cheil a doid for laga, Lec. 278a4 . co n-eccmoiṅg a láim dói di Lugaid . . . benar a lám dói di choinculainn . . . conid and atá otharlige a chind ┐ a láime dói, RC iii 182 (`right hand', perh. a misinterpreted compd. lámdóe; lam doe, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 17 ). tucastar . . . dóit fri dóit, CRR 45 , 48 , 51 ; FB § 53 . dóid fria dóid ┐ gualaind fri gualaind, CCath. 1722 . dói fri dói, LL 146b51 ( PRIA xix 544 ). ar ndiceannadh mo dóiti, MR 308 . nibtar dermaill a di doit (: cōic), Corm. Y 398 . dóide dromghonta, ML 134 ; TSh. 6614 . i cein cotnicfat ar ndoidi foga do cassad as long as our arms are able to whirl javelins, CCath. 635 ; 662 , 655 . lotar dō iar ndōtib drenn | cōic cōicid in[n]a Erenn `after arms of combats' (i.e. after wrestling, bouts, fights?), ZCP iii 37 = IT i 109 (where Wind. reads iarnd.¤ iron gauntlets). lederthar a doti, PH 1119 . rosiacht a cholpa's a dóit `its shank and its toe' (its leg and its arm?), Metr. Dinds. ii 100 .

(c) hand (esp. in later texts, cf. similar use of lám): gibe díbh gēbhus righe, | ná siritt slata 'na ndoid | acht ó fhior ionaid Maodhóicc, BNnÉ 258 . ceithri . . . binni clis hi cechtar a do dhoit, TBC-I¹ 3396 . do ghlac a arm 's a sgiath 'na dhóid (on his arm?), Oss. iv 132 . ling ar mo theangaid, a Thrinóit, | beandaig ind dot míndóit móir (allusion to hand used in benediction?), ACL iii 241 . méor dhóide, Hackett xxi 23 . iadas . . . na glac-doidi garga . . . tar corp Conaill, MR 256 . gur theilgetar a gcuilg a ndóidib ┐ á nglacaib, SG 272 . gur bheansad dóide feola a corpoibh a cheile handfuls (?), ZCP x 289 . dodracha caipiri `fists of copper', ITS xvii 113 . cnagaire dóide `a knocker ', Ó Bruad. ii 234 .

pn As sobriquet: Ailderg Dóit is leis ar thūs doronait failge ōir im doitib, Rawl. 147a27 . Allerg Doat, ZCP viii 302 . Enna Dóit, Lec. 52a43 . mic Enna Dóit, ITS xv 48 . mac Enna Doat, Rawl. 154b2 . Mael Doid . . . i cnocaib Maele Doaid, Arch. Hib. ii 83 (?).

Compds. ¤buinne: curro cuir comfota dótbuindi dedhlaeich do crund na cruisigi treimit ` champion's armlet ', Grail 884 . ¤chirrad: mo dóit-chirradh, MR 306 . ¤chleth: dóidchleatha meor-laga ` trellis-hand ', Keat. Poems 101 . ¤gel: ben dían d. white-armed , MacCongl. 97 . duine d., Metr. Dinds. iii 108 . ¤lám arm: roiadhadar na dodlamha doleonta . . . tar na dromannaibh, CF 205 ; 357 . snadhmaid na dóidlámha tar chaoldromannaibh a chéile, Oss. iii 94 . Cf. doé láime, lám dói above. ¤lebar long-armed: fri Domhnall d., MR 110 ; 116 , 182 . ¤lethan broad-fisted (?): ina ndóidib détla dóidlethna, SG 265 . ¤mer: Cerball nír dúi ciar dótmer swift to strike, rash (?), LL 201b30 . ¤rig fore-arm (arm ?): rodúin a dá doitrighid im cael a droma, CCath. 2957 . rolá a dá dóitrighidh imme, Moling 8 . roiadhusdair a dha dhóidrigh, ITS v 38 . toccbuis Fer D. eter a dhoidriogaibh mora, ZCP x 297 .

? finelach, fenelach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? finelach, fenelach or dil.ie/22123

 

n form and primary meaning doubtful: a half-witted, weak-witted person, one legally irresponsible: in caeptha ┐ in finelogh, baeth ┐ gaeth ┐ in fer lethchuind: ceithre hanmanna sin ar in fer lethchuind, O'Curry 982 (< H 3.18, 423a ). finechlog baeth gaeth ... .i. laech baeth indso ┐ bith becc do cheill occai, O'Curry 1392 ( H 3.18 631b ). cona seghar [cor] ... for dithir for finelaig, O'Curry 57 ( H 3.18 20b ). ni tui[d]benar fiadnaise fri carait nā mnai nā mac nā mug nā fenelaig (.i. baith no gaith), Bürgschaft p. 19 § 59 (fri bein ná carait ... na finelach v.l.). fenelach .i. ellach ercai, Corm. Y 666 , does not seem to belong to this.

íchtar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íchtar or dil.ie/27162

 

Forms: iachtair, n-íchtar, ichtar

n o, n., later m. the lower part, the bottom, the furthermost part: í.¤ .i. ic-tīr .i. ic talmain, Corm. Y 779. in pars benar a hichtur ind lithe `the particle that is cut off from the bottom of the half ..., Thes. ii 254.3 (Stowe M.). i n-ichtur aetheris ┐ i n-ochtur aeris `in the lower part aetheris ...,' 22.38 (Bcr.). ni dechaid in cloch a n-i.¤ the stone did not sink, Trip. ii 448.1 . i n-í.¤ in mórlocha, Fél.² lxii § 9 . co tarla indní bai ina hi.¤ co mboi for a hoachtar (of a cave), Anecd. ii 57.16 . uma a ichtur ┐ iarnd a uachtur, Laws v 412.31 Comm. cinnas boí thís a híchtur ł a huachtur túas (of a pillar in the sea), LU 1927. ro gabastár a úathroic ... fria fri móeth-ichtur a medóin (of the body), 6421 . lassar dermár ... Dub a íchtur. Derg a medón ┐ a uachtor, 2147 . leagar lib-si earra ocus ichtara bar n-eirriud `the skirts of your clothing,' MR 176.y . í.¤ remur in tṡlinnéin `the fat underside of the shoulder,' Metr. Dinds. i 26.176 . fial in tempuil ... ota a uachtar co a hí.¤ , PH 3365. co mbaidhedh an long ... a n-í.¤ an aigein, Stair Erc. 1431. i nn-ichtur in carbaid, TTebe 2363 . eoin íochtair na fairrge the furthermost parts of the sea?, DDána 98 § 3. a n-í.¤ na huama `in the bottom of the cave,' Stair Erc. 2024.

Attrib. gen. lower, hinder: indeoin, ... .i. in cloch iachtair `the lower stone,' Laws 1 140.18 Comm. a athbro ichtair, IT iii 91.13 . co ngergoibfiaclaib ichtair, 102.3 .

íar (later ar) n-íchtar below, at the bottom: stíall ar chapur hé íar n-íchtur ┐ tugi slinded íar n-úachtur, LU 10122. gus in cris coidligi catha ar n-i.¤ , MR 300.2 . trí troighthi ina lethet iar nuachtar ... ┐ troigh iar n-i.¤ (of a fence), Laws iv 76.9 Comm. iascc ... iaidsidhe o a n-imlindaibh ier n-iochtair (of mermaids), Leb. Gab.(i) 204.24 . co leictis dib sis ... co grian ┐ go ganem nglasruad ar n-i.¤ , TTebe 1967 . as íchtar from below: rabadar drem dib 'ca togail ┐ 'ca tollad asa hi.¤ , TTebe 4106 .

Used of a country or territory, the northern part: Clann Donnchada du teiched fa Culmail ┐ fo ichdur Tiri hOilella, Ann. Conn. 1388 § 2. i n-íochtar Laighean `in North Leinster,' Ir. Review 1912, 378 § 8 . Frequent in place names, see Onom. ichtar used for ` north ,' ITS xiv diagram facing p. 94 and passim.

Compds. a n-ichtardescerdach `the right lower (particle),' Thes. ii 255.11 (Stowe M.). a n-ichtarthuaiscerdach `the left lower (particle),' 10 .

1 tár, táir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 tár, táir or dil.ie/40055

 

n o, m. and [ī, f.] (? orig. n., Sc.M² ). From *to-sár, Loth, RC xli 224 . IGT Decl. § 14 , §96 . Cf. táir. insult, contempt, disgrace, shame .

(a) gabsat a Coimdid do thair (: mordáil), SR 4677 . do-rat t.¤ ... forsin cóiced n-uile, Sc.M² 14.1 . ni haisc dot inchaib ┐ ni táir dot gasciud, LU 6373 . iar naisneis in tair ro srathnaiged air, Laws iii 538.13 Comm. uingi i mbanbeim benar fo thar a harmless blow struck (merely) as an insult, H 3.17 col. 630 ( O'D. 877 ) (=sár, H 3.17 col. 590 , O'D. 826 ). mo thubha le t.¤ mbriathar, Studies 1929, 80 § 8 `verbal infamy,' O'Gr. Cat. 463.9. táir is soillse slighe m'anman (of the two alternatives before the soul), DDána 26.20 . ionmhuin an lucht thug ón t.¤ whom He saved from disgrace, 38.7 . cúis fa dtug i dt.¤ mo chion turned the esteem I had into disgrace, 56.12 . d'Ó Raighilligh a-tá a tháir, Aithd. D. 30.16 . mairg bheirios tar air shaorchluinn, Ériu v 142.13 . fhágbhas ... fá th.¤ , TSh. 895.

(b) Frequently coupled with tarcaisne: t.¤ .i. tarcaisne, O'Cl. nirbo duthaig doib t.¤ na tarcaisin do gabail, Cog. 68.8 . do-bheir sé i dtáir ┐ i dtarcaisne bláth bréige na beatha so, TSh. 415 . tar ┐ tarcusal, Ann. Conn. 1315.11 .

(c) cen t.¤ blameless, irreproachable: is anart sroil, sreth cen tair, | eter in slog 'sin sanctáir, SR 4319 . Cf. 4617 . niamda isna tressaib cen t.¤ , LL 32a50 . da trasgrad gan tar, Ériu x 88 § 108 . da Tadg gan t.¤ , BNnÉ 254.29 .

(d) As quasi-vn.: nuchan urusa do tair (tathair, v.l.), IT iii 75.6 . dligid airrechtach a thāir (sic leg.) an obstinate person is to be reproved, ZCP xi 84 § 34 f. ní fotha gáis gnim do tháir, Ériu ii 229.11 . basa imdenach frim tháir, LU 9334 . Cf. ZCP v 503.21 .

(e) Various: ni deochaid Eochaid dar ár | fríth nech da lenmain co tar, LL 151b3 (= co lár, Metr. Dinds. iv 50.110 ). budh roidheithnios gráidh ar ngoimh | táir ar gcoimheighthios cogoidh `our violent estrangement was a trifle,' Studies 1921, 589 § 6 .

Compds. ¤biad plain food: táir-bhiadh ┐ tearc-ól, TSh. 2262 . ? ¤brath: tug fá a réir gan tárbhrath | cheithre géill a hAlbain `without blemish' Keat. ii 6382 (-turbrod ?). ¤bríg: ar ḟeis Temrach do tháir-bríg `for humiliation, in submission' (Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iv 182.10 . ? ¤chotach: tarchodach .i. olc, O'Cl. ¤deoch plain drink: tuir-bhiadh ┐ táir-dheoch, TSh. 8316 . ¤flaith: idir thár-fhlaith is fhíor-fhlaith ` bad prince ,' Content. xviii 118 . Cf. 119 . See tarb, compds. ¤gleo evil deed (?): dorigni thargleo tria brath (: lamdeo), SR 3015 . ¤gnó: torad cen tár-gnó `a harvest of unfading lustre,' Metr. Dinds. iii 426.14 . .i. tár, no tarcaisne ar ghné, O'Cl. ¤luad blame: días cen táth is cen tár-lúad, Metr. Dinds. iv 204.18 . ¤maeth: Áed ... nach tár-máeth `no tender minion,' Metr. Dinds. iv 204.30 (leg. tarr- ?). ¤théigid causes to blush with shame: iomdha foireann ... | do tháirthéghadh a thocht sin, Studies 1919, 256 § 9 .

tubaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tubaid or dil.ie/42260

 

Forms: tubad

v (tuba)

(a) touches, causes to touch or come in contact with: co r-gabus bend etaig Ísu, ┐ ro-thumas frim he, PH 2793 . dar thum a bhos san bhratach, Rel. Celt. ii 292.23 (tummaid ?). ar rochtain an chairthe dóibh, do thubhadar a n-éadaighe uile fris, ┐ do rinneadh sgárlóid díobh, GJ xix 102.34 (see note). ? atamtasa formach ruisc | fégi ni thuband rá ni | in oen and dar lium sa do | na do indar lium sa tri, LB 89 marg. inf.

(b) reproaches, accuses, imputes: tubhtar .i. cinnter, ut est. Atait teora ailche fris benar ... cach moladh .i. a tri ata urderca no ata tairismech fris tubenar .i. is friu tubhair, O'Curry 79 ( H 3.18, 61b ). ? mas iar na ecc ra tubait ris, cach set irraibi lan do ina beathaidh, is a leth do iar na éccaibh, O'D. 2311 ( Rawl. B 506, 31c ). gabais toirsi, ┐ tuba a ainim fris in rig `reproached the king with his blemish,' Laws i 74.1 Comm. (leg. tubais ?). feib rostub a dag-fher `reproached her,' Metr. Dinds. iii 368.39 . na rothubtís amirsig friu fuil ... duine do chathium, Todd Lect. vi 19.10 . cach olcc ... do fhitir ar cach fer ... ro thubh ina aghaid, Acall. 4965 . rothubh ri Hua-Figennte frind `has opposed us,' Lism. L. 2255 (Mac T. had objected to Senán's living in his country). ris nar tubhadh ní budh náir, PBocht 13.24 . an triath nar tubhadh, DDána 35.6 . ? lamh nár tughadh (`hand that fails not'), Rel. Celt. ii 264.11 . ? d'ulc na sgél tubhadh treabhthach, L. Cl. A. B. 254.63 .

Vn. tubad (see tuba)

(a) tubadh sloig fo mendad `the attack of a host upon the house,' Laws i 266.20 = turbad, O'D. 134 ( H 3.17, col. 112 ). cuiris a chletín curad | trem cholainn don chéttubadh at the first thrust, Anecd. i 37 § 99 v.l.

(b) beith glan gan locht do dligfi duine ag tubadh uilc fri raile =criminosus criminosum accusare non potest, O'Curry 675 ( H 3.18, 329 ) = O'D. 543 ( H 3.17, col. 435 ). t.¤ n-ainme, Laws v 234.12 Comm. iar ttubhadh dóibhsiumh a neccraitis ┐ a nanffolaidh fris having reproached him with hostility to them, AFM v 1618.5 . ? cach rūn co t.¤ `every knowledge with proof,' ZCP xvii 58 § 72 = ACL iii 228 § 72 (see tuba (e)).

See also under tomaid.