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1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé, 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

2 alt, allt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 alt, allt or dil.ie/3017
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m., f., neut. Ériu xliii 208 , LEIA A-63 . height, cliff: all ┐ a.¤ ab altitudine , O'Mulc. 36 . Ériu xiii 61 § 2 . a.¤ ar a.¤ is cnoc ar cnoc, Duan. F. i 41.25 . teid . . . Ænias for bend aillt `went to the top of a cliff', Aen. 271 . tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . a imluadh taran allt n-adhuathmar, Lism. L. 4834 . ba cuma nobhíttís isin allt sin ois allta ┐ miola muighe, BS 72 . eter cnoccaib ┐ alltaib ┐ ardaib, PH 502 . go ndroigheanuibh gheineas as áltuibh ┐ as cnocuibh, Deuteronomy viii 7 . ? tuc brosnaigi ar almaib a.¤ , LL 16772 . ? doníther linne . . . droichitt na n-a.¤ , RC xxix 118 § 15 `leap' (cf. a.¤ .i. leim, O'Cl.).

Of a downward drop, valley; abyss : ceithre coin allta dom rébad ┐ mo breith dóib triasin raithnig ┐ mo thuitimm i n-allt mór 'valley', CCellaig² 11.355 . eadram is allt na cróine `the pitch-black abyss' (of hell), Aithd. D. 49.37 . ? fochairt i n-alt in maro depths (?), LU 1725 (perh. for 1 all, cf. all moro, RC xi 452.2 ).

Compd. ¤-dorcha: don tuinn a. from the towering dark wave, Measgra D. 50.27 (faltdorcha dark-maned, v.l., Gloss.). See 3 ailt.

ascallán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ascallán or dil.ie/4398

n (ascall) little bend or angle: asgallán beag oile ann / Caille Fothaidh, Top. Poems 62.27 ( Top. Poems² 611 ). Cf. asclán sleeve, gusset , P. O'C.

1 bacc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bacc or dil.ie/5073

Forms: bacca, baicc, baicc

n o, n. and m. n s. b.¤ n-achaid, O'Dav. 1300. b.¤ iairnn, SR 4204. n p. bacca, TBC-LL¹ 6038. baicc, LL 329a39 . a d s. also baicc, LL 21124. Metr. Dinds. iii 194.20 .

(a) angle, bend , corner: ín cenn fri bac ína nechailsib (of horses), Laws iv 104.x Comm. cochline go bac a di ullend, RC xii 86 § 93. go bac a tónai, go bac a dí ullend, Harl. 5280, 66b (cited Contribb. 160 ). saint i mbaccaib óe, ACL iii 223.9 . ? ar b.¤ (.i. bruach) Shláine bend (?), Flower Cat. 260.36 . concechalsat buada atṁbelat eslabrai a baccaib ráth, LL 13851. In n.loc. co B.¤ ṅDraigin, TBC-LL¹ 4835.

(b) Freq. in Laws Comm. in phr. b.¤ n-achaid appar. (an enclosed) corner or angle of a field (used as a shelter for horses or cattle): for a scor, no for a ingeilt, [no ar a mbacacad], Laws iii 184. z. Freq. coupled with druim fri lias: athgabail . . . a tabuirt a ndruim fri lias no a mbac nachuidh, i 208.20 . Note also: baicc do echaib, ii 118.9 . inde .i. echlaisc no bac, ut est ain ech fria n-inde, O'Dav. 1126. ? gan bhac cruidh re caibhdheanaibh `kine are unsafe from robbers', Magauran 2829 .

(c) Applied to various hooked or angled tools or other articles. mattock, grub-hoe; bill-hook: ligo .i. b.¤ buana fínime, Sg. 62b10 (`a sickle for pruning vines'). b.¤ no fosorium gl. ligo, 52a14 . do setaib faicthi .i. bac ┐ rama `bill-hook', Laws v 410.17 Comm. oenb. ┐ oenluasat iairn, LL 22357. coro ṡelaig é dia baicc ┐ dia rámaind, 21124 . fortacht baic .i. bac do, d'a toirithin do buain eidind, Laws v 486.17 and 488.22 Comm. bac no corran buana eidainn, i 140.8 Comm. indlis baic ┐ corrānu . . . forsna tétaib, MacCongl. 63.27 . In glossaries equated with bachall: b.¤ a baculo, O'Mulc. 115. bac .i. bachall, Lec. Gl. 97. bricht ┐ b.¤ is bachall, Thr. Ir. Gl. 6 s.v. bachall. Name of an object used to protect a wound (cf. 1 túag): Cu Ch. ga ḟurmiáil ri fót foenlaige . . . fa thuagaib ┐ bhaccaib ┐ réfedaib, TBC-LL¹ 5714. dogní in liaig a leges ┐ osclaicid na crechta ┐ dobertar baicc taris, LL 329a39 . Cf. dofilet cethri léinti fichet tarsibsin ammuig anechtair. ar is iatsin bít ri baccaib ┐ refedaib dósom, 24883 . Note also: coileach . . . is baic le scáil gach líondatha nape of the neck, O'Rah. 258.8.

(d) hindrance, act of hindering: cosg feilgniomh, bac gliadh, ZCP ii 350.9 . maith leam . . ./ bac ar ghriangha um theachta as-teagh `a barrier to keep out the sunlight', Studies 1920, 262 § 9 . ? gan mo bhac, a Dhé, i ndeacraibh, DDána 61.6 . In phr. bac ar bac `into confusion ', BColm. 20.7 . at logger- heads , BNnÉ 307 § 29 .

Compds. With noun: bacogam (name of a type of Ogam), Auraic. 6088. With adj.: conn na Banba bacbraisi, Leb. Cert.² 162.19 .

baccán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baccán or dil.ie/5083
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. (bacc) hook; applied to a variety of hook-shaped or angled objects: brefe .i. corran no bacan no drolam, O'Dav. 272. bacan dron . . ./. . . for cech noenḟolaig a strong clasp on each covering, SR 4295. na mbaccan oir . . . no bidis a cimsaib na n-anairt, BB 242a14 . ina chathcarpat . . . cona baccánaib ┐ cona bircrúadib (hooks as offensive weapons), LU 6480. coíca echlasc findruine co mb.¤ órda for cinn cech áe, TBFr. 32. Cf. TFerbe 37 . sutralla glonide for lasad . . . for . . . baccanaib, ZCP xvii 231.20 . bacan na bainfighidh baoi hi llaimh E. `distaff', BNnÉ 191.4 . bacán siuil bainfighidh, Mart. Don. 32.8 . coíca gabhar . . . go srianaib ┐ go mbacánaibh créumha, xxxv 26 = muncib, LL 7276. fuaid lethar ar bacanuib an tsrein `on the hooks of the bridle', Celtica ii 48.36 . Of bend of arm, leg, etc. (cf. 1 bacc): do gái-se . . . tarrsna ar bacánaibh mo lámh, SG 66.8 . a mbacán m'iosgaide, Dhá Sg. Art. 1715. b.¤ áe some part of the liver (?): fearg sa domlus áe, saint sa bacan áe, Ériu ix 63.4 . intan adearar in grad do beith on bacan áe is do bacan áe na n-en tuicir é, 24 (cf. saint i mbaccaib óe, ACL iii 223.9 ). Fig. macámh | do chuir don tsluagh bacán bróin 'a youth ... who took from the host their tether of affliction', Giolla Brighde 74 § 2​ .

baclainn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. baclainn or dil.ie/5102

n d s. ? Collect. bend of the arms: tri h-óirneach iubhair ar a bh.¤ , ITS i 12.7 . Cf. 1 bacc.

bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

benn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. benn or dil.ie/5654
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: b(e)inn, beinde, Binde, Beinne, Binne, benna, benna, benn, bennaib, bend, bend, bend, beinn

n a d s. and n du. b(e)inn. g s. beinde, O'Curry 1021 cited infra, Binde, Celt. Rev. x 135.7 . Beinne, Binne, Hog. Onom. n p. benna, Críth G. 450. n a p. benna, g p. benn, d p. bennaib, f., DDána Gloss. Note also a s. bend , PH 2792 , IGT Decl. ex. 643. d s. bend (: lenn), K. and H. 10. n du. b.¤ , CCath. 1337. `n. (? later f.),' Críth G. Vocab.

(a) mountain, crag, peak, point; crest, summit: o Shliab Belgadain don B. / ard in b.¤ imarbaigem `lofty is the mountain', Ériu viii 26.7 , 8 . ar binn ós Loch Feabail aird, ZCP viii 223.26 . Liath na trí mb.¤ , Acall. 936. ar bennaibh is ar barrgail on hill- and tree-tops, Anecd. ii 23.23 . beinnini ar gach mb.¤ , BS 80.4 . as súd soir go beinn Bóthair, Oss. iv 20.25 . [in] ceín bess bend ar in bith `for as long as the hills shall stand', Ériu vii 229 § 77. ó bheannaibh Béirre `from the hills of B.', Aithd. D. 11.7 . ar beinn Chliachmhuighi, IGT Introd. 23.25 . (of the edge (?) of an Alpine crevasse) tuitiss sīoss re beinn an ailt, Fl. Earls 86.z . i mbeannaibh sliabh on the mountain tops, TSh. 3491. as ris shamhlaim th'aiscin-si / is ra bend i nnimh star (?), Anecd. ii 25.11 . Fig. of a pre-eminent person: Gobán sáor . . . / b.¤ ar shaoraibh, BNnÉ 241 § 179 .

Transf. of outline of land: da b.¤ cumga do thír `two narrow horns of land', CCath. 1337.

(b) pinnacle, spire; gable; corner, etc. of building, structure, etc. ; ette nó b.¤ múir gl. pinna, Sg. 67a7 . bend a pinna muri , O'Mulc. 136. for béind aird in tempuil . . . = super pinnaculum templi, Matthew iv 5 , PH 4712. Caisel . . . / b.¤ im a téigenn teine, SG 206.9 . ar beinn inna scríne, Trip. 86.10 . ar bind mhór chluigtighe Chluana pinnacle of the round tower, Celt. Rev. x 143.16 . ar chomhairle clog na seacht mbeann, Oss. iv 42.16 . . . . na múrrtha mbeann of the battlemented walls (?), KMMisc. 50.23 . ar beind chloche, ZCP xii 273.24 . in mac . . . co farcbad for beind chroisse i ndorus chille (an abandoned child), LL 36996 = Fél. 242.7 . fer coirthe .i. in fer curthur for beinn croise gan feronn, O'D. 462 (H. 3.17, 357). Laws v 134.17 Comm. mac toc[h]air .i. do binn croisi, O'Curry 399 (H. 3.18, 222b). ingen do cuirthear do cill, i mbulg no for beinn croisse, O'D. 529 (H. 3.17, 428). fágbhais ar beinn croise . . . an mála `on one of the arms of a cross', Keat. iii 2122 . caithir chuanna ceithre mbeann (of a castle), DDána 119.16 . gur thúirrlind Léithin (an eagle) ar bind don lomán `a corner of the rampike' (p. 124), Celt. Rev. x 135.21 . beann do bhúain da thalamh `to take a piece of his land' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1627. beinn `a high top, pinnacle ', Eg. Gl. 104. do bhennuibh bhárc `poops of ships', Rel. Celt. ii 228.9 . Hence in plant-name: beand múir (lit. projection on a wall) `houseleek?' (Index), ACL i 335.71 .

(c) wing of an army, fleet: i mbeind cli in catha `in the left wing of the battle', CCath. 5781. do bennaib cath, O'Dav. 1335. tig féin is beann don chabhlach i dtír `a wing of the fleet', Keat. iii 4828.

(d) horn of animal: inna benna duacarbat gl. corn[u]a, Ml. 87b12 . b.¤ gl. cornu, Sg. 63a6 . cornua .i. b.¤ , Thes. ii 46.31 . co mbert a inathar as fora beandaib (a bull), TBC-I¹ 880. for bennuib na mbó, Airne F. 353. dá beind for trí fichtib rend sixty-two points (?) (of stag's antlers), Imr. Brain ii 288.18 . benna na n-aigi, TBC-LL¹ 1342. tucsat didiu a mbenda ┐ a n-dedu docum na scor their (sc. elephants') tusks, ZCP xxx 136.6 (Alex.). (of a whale ?) na blaith ┐ na benna sin, Éigse vi 119 § 16. gell tar benna i.e. a pledge given in respect of impounded cattle: ata, dono, gell tar benna . . . di athgabail iar ndithim, Laws ii 128.29 Comm. ni dlig feichem acht apad cuicti . . . acht geall tar benda . . . dar benda na bó uair is fri logh enech teid(h), O'Curry 519 (H. 3.18, 261b).

b.¤ (búabaill) a (buffalo) horn; hence drinking horn, goblet: atraacht Conchobor ra beind breccṡolais buabaill a speckled and shining buffalo horn, LL 34745. crúaidi . . . / immar bít benna búabaill `hard . . . as a buffalo's horns' (of a hag's teeth), Ériu iv 102 § 45. etrocht bass fo beind buabaill, IT iii 47 § 76. ar ól mb.¤ `quaffing goblets', O'Gr. Cat. 479.13. See also s. búaball.

Of musical instruments b.¤ (búabaill): ro bidhgsat . . . lasin fuaim . . . do ben Ercuil asan mbeinn mbuabuillsidhe `which H. made on that trumpet', Stair Erc. 177. ro hir dom .x. ngrib ingne .x. mbenda (.i. .x. cuirn buabhaill) bonnadharc buabaill blaith, Ériu ii 4.3 . searbhghlaodhach a mbeann mbuabhall `ivory horns', TD 4.32 . píp trí mbeann `the three-droned pipe', Ó Bruad. iii 130.12 .

(e) prong, point (of various forked and pointed objects): gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti a two-pointed fork, Ériu v 72.20 . aél co mbennaib braine, LL 38335. for cetheora benna na gabla (in c[h]raind, TBC-I¹ 308 ), LU 4799. trí chét unga óir isin chainde[l]bru, secht mbenna fair forsa mbítis secht sutrulla `seven branches upon which were seven lamps', Celtica iv 32.18 . beanda . . . slegh spearpoints, ZCP xiv 230.2 . seacht cumala go leith lenta locht mara bennaib Baisgne, glossed: .uii. cumala . . . i cinaidh do beinde it armaib a ua Baiscne, O'Curry 1021 (H. 3.18, 431a-b). beann bhrasbhaoghlach thréan nách trom, Measgra D. 14.12 . b.¤ gher do beith agud, ┐ fend lesin mbeinn `have a sharp point and lance (?) it with the point', Celtica ii 46.3 . cen slegha, cen bera cen benna `points' (of a fence), Laws iv 114.9 Comm. ? carbat bo bricci for beind (benn, v.l.), IT iii 81 § 57.

(f) crest, diadem, etc. (of a helmet, head-dress, etc.): buidne bend `crested bands', Hail Brigit 20 . beann oir . . . as gach cathbarr, Anecd. ii 77 § 3. pn In epithet: Findchad Fer Bend Uma, MU² 36. donn a cuach ballghlas a beann `her coif (?)', Aithd. D. 1.34 . beann eich uaibhrigh `frontlet' ( Ir. Monthly 1929, 333.20 ), DDána 111.20 . By metonymy (?) of a horse: an bheann (perh. = bean) is fearr cluas is cos, Measgra D. 15.1.4 .

(g) Various applications: bratgal na mbrat siúil risna bennaib yards , TTr. 1420 ( LL 32231 ). uagais brigais beand siuil, ` sail-tops ', Ériu xxiv 14 § 13. Of a shield: cetheora benna óir fair, TBC-I¹ 3580. Of a garment (see Ériu xvi 201 ): a dá beind imo brágait the two corners (of the cloak) about his neck, MacCongl. 65.2 . ocht mbruit co mbennaibh (mbuindibh, v.l.), Leb. Cert.² 1314. co r-gabus bend etaig Isu `hem', PH 2792. ar beinn a bruit on the skirt of her mantle, Ériu v 76.37 .

In phr. rí b.¤ king of peaks (?), one of three classes of kings enumerated in Críth G. (see p. 104 ): ríi b.¤ . . . Is hé rí túaithe insin las mbiat .vii. ngrá(i)d Ḟéne cona foḟodlaib i céilsini, ar it hé benna flatha doruirmisem, Críth G. 448 - 450 . O'Dav. 1335.

(h) In adverbial phrases: immo rēir a b.¤ i mb.¤ `from height to height' (Thurn.), for ever (?), ZCP xi 57 § 10. co bráth b.¤ for ever (and ever): ni theit co brath buidneach beann / neach it relcib in ifernd, YBL 318a58 . o sin amach co brath mbend, Anecd. ii 40.7 . re mbrath mbend, BB 17b32 .

(i) Freq. in nn. loc., usu. in senses point, peak, hill , see Hog. Onom. B. Étair, ibid., also ZCP xv 195.

In late use heed, attention, regard: gan beinn air bith air na haitheanta do choimheud `without any care to keep the commandments', Donlevy 176.24 . ní bhí beann agad orum = thou regardest me not, Job xxx 20 . nách fuil . . . beann aco air, Párl. na mB. 625 . gan beann do chur ar raidhtibh na heagluisi coitchinne, Luc. Fid. 3993. na cuir beann, suim, spéis, seadh, ann `regard', Eg. Gl. 71.

Compds.

(a) With nouns: don bheannabrog bhuadhach bhán gabled mansion, 23 G 24 , 388 . dá cromsciath ┐ da bendchlaidiub mara occo, LU 7671 (BDD). ōs Bregmaig na mbendchros ` peaked crosses', Arch. Hib. ii 94 § 25. re fogur thet mbeandchrot, Lec. 174rb3 (for mennch. ?). sreatha . . . téad mbeannchrot, Maguires of F. 86. cloidme m[ora] benndorncair horn-hilted, TBC St. 4524 , Gloss. cuirn mc Donnchadha / dleghait buideachus / buidhe bendgealla securities of horn (?), IT iii 91 § 128. do bheannmhoighe `thy lofty plains', Gadelica 11 § 3 .

(b) With adjj.: faoidh a stoc mbennbuidhe ` yellow-tubed ', O'Gr. Cat. 474.20. táin láoghach bhenncor bhó with pointed horns, KMMisc. 174 § 33. do dhromchladh na Bóirne bennghairbhe ` rugged-topped ', AFM vi 2102.11 . laogh Droma bheinnghil Bhó `white-peaked D.B.', Aithd. D. 25.12 . rosaich co Cua cendmar cain / comét bend-glan in buair sain, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 .

(c) With adjj. formed from nouns: múr na sgiath mbeannbhladhach mbláith with fair-famed and gabled buttresses, DDána 119.1 . tar beilgibh bennchairrgidhe `rocky passes', AFM vi 2198.8 . brocc bendchoprach (sc. Cell Dara), RC xiii 114 § 160 (see ¤chopor supra). cloidme benndornachae 'swords with hilts of horn', BDC 106.37 .

bodaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bodaing or dil.ie/6273

Forms: bogaing, boghaing

n f. Also bogaing (-ainn). boghaing (bodhaing, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 13 (66.5) . column (?), pillar (?), support (in a structure); (`vat (?),' Contribb. 234 ): bratt bacc bocc birell (bairell, v.l.) bodang (illustrating metrical feature of alliteration of all wds. in a line, see s.v. sreth), IT iii 30.15 . benda ┐ bodhainge (boghainne, bothuine, v.ll.) a benncobar `columns (?),' BNnÉ 207 § 55 . beid na fréamha ó bhfuil a mháthair / fa mhac Brian 'na mbodhangaibh (: Conallaigh) `the races . . . will be around the son of B. in phalanxes (?),' TD 16.49 . do ṡín a bend tar a bhodhuing / eng ré Tír Chonuill do chuir, IGT Decl. ex. 643. Cf. boutain?

1 caimme

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caimme or dil.ie/7776

n , f. (camm) crookedness : hi caimmi gl. flexuossa formatio, Ml. 99d1 . gan chaime, gan claeine (of a well-aimed blow), IT ii2 139 n 10 . Feargus Cerrbhel .i. [cirre .i.] caime bái ina bhél, Cóir Anm. 131 . curve, bend (?): ri cothugud na caimmi cinti isna claraib (building of Argo), LL 30947 ( TTr. 129 ). In moral sense: go lúbfainn mo chaime dod' thoil-se, De Imit. 191.17 . fiche a cethair cen ch.¤ / ba flaith Fiacha Labrainne `without duplicity', MacCarthy 162.1 .

ceist

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ceist or dil.ie/8525
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: c., cestae, cesti, cest, c., cesta, ceiste, cest, ceastanna, cesta, cestann

n iand ī, later i and ā Ériu xliii 1 . f. (Lat. quaestio). See GOI §§ 35 , 923 . In O.Ir. glosses n d s. c.¤ , g s. cestae, n a p. cesti. Later with n s. cest ( BDD² 451 = c.¤ , LU 6900 ), g s. and n a p. cesta, ceiste, g p. cest. So IGT Decl. § 42 . In Mid. Ir. also with cesta(i) throughout sg. ( LU 2575 , RC viii 356.26 ). a p. ceastanna, 1 Kings x 3 . g p. cesta, LL 17729 . cestann, O'Curry 2442 ( Eg. 88, 36a ).

(a) question, problem, enquiry : imbresna et cesti gl. uerbís contendere, Wb. 30b5 . c.¤ amirissech inso gl. quomodo resurgunt mortui? 13c19 . inna cestae sin gl. questioni, Ml. 37c16 . immon c.¤ so, Vita Br. 42 . hi tucu ch.¤ ndoraid ndil, Thes. ii 293.25 . sluinfet duít ceastaib coraib cudruma, IT iii 90.3 . munabdís examhla cesda nibdís examhla bretha, Ériu xiii 22.12 . freagra do cheasd, Ir. Syll. Poetry 39 § 4 . is do chestaib in tṡenchais aided Taidc, RC xxiii 310.13 `one of the (doubtful) questions of history', 339.19 . tráchtaid in t-apstal in cesta sin, xxv 238.3 . i ló na gceasd Judgment Day, Celtica iv 123 § 18 . lia cesta canoine na canoin `the questions of the canon are more numerous than the canon itself', Laws iii 32.8 Comm. air Cheastaibh an tSein-reachta, TSh. 3402 . mar tugadh annsin dochum ceasda é for questioning, Parrth. Anma 5399 .

cest described as an `iarmbérla', Auraic. 1308 .

In alliterative phrases: c.¤ ┐ caingen, PH 9 (see caingen). coblidhi ┐ c.¤ , Stair Erc. 1303 .

With verbs (see also érned II, érnid I; fuaslucad (d); 1 íccaid II (c); túaslucud (c), etc.): fagabar uaib óenfer chomallas frimsa in c.¤ immá tú, LU 9208 ( FB 93 ). i ndiaidh gach ceasta dár chuiris `questions', PBocht 14.44 . cuirim gach ceisd ort mur ghráin task, Duan. F. ii 244 § 19 . dobeir cesti do chách gl. languens circa questiones, Wb. 29b5 . do rat a gc.¤ misi de / fā dhāltaibh na hingine, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1313 . d'etergleod a cesta, LU 8561 ( FB 42 ). finnamár dan do ch.¤ , 9212 ( 94 ). roiarfaigeadh sin ceasta doib, TTebe 903 . amal duberad nech hi c.¤ do Duaid . . . gl. si . . . cúr? Ml. 55d11 .

Used as a question marker: ní hedh mh'ainm ámh ... ceist? ... Fer Penn Brúach 'that is indeed not my name ... what is? ... Fer Benn Brúach', CMT² 48.417, cf. 48.422 . ceist tra et mulieres cid dogénat sidi hi [= in] pridchabat?, Wb. 13a13 . ceist ol sisi cia th'ainmsiu, LU 10774 (TE). ceist ciasi ord fil forna psalmu, inn ord toinivda fa int ord frescabala fa ind ord cetail, Hib. Min. 196 . ceist, a gillai forcetail, cisi chonar dollodsu?, RC xxvi 28.108 . ceist cena ... cid as áil dúib?, MU² 332 . See 6 ces, cesc.

(b) In more general sense of trouble, anxiety, apprehension etc.: dosgní Coirpre iarnamáirech c.¤ moir desin cu mba bronach, Corm. 30.15 . rombá-sa tra . . . a c.¤ ┐ a cumtabairt móir, Sc.M² R 4 (i n-imshnīm, v.l.). ro fás c.¤ mór ag Finn don ghním-sin, Fianaig. 56.14 . le ceisd Tuaithi dé Danann, Acall. 932 . robdar imdae a cesta `problems', Ériu iv 126.11 . do réir a hannsochta d'Íosa / uirre riamh go roibhe a c.¤ `her grief was proportionate to her love', PBocht 112 § 27 . ní ceisd codal ar chneidh sláin, DDána 108.8 .

With prepp.: ar chuir dá ceann ní ceisd dó, DDána 91.14 (`displeases him not', Ir. Monthly 1919, 399 ). an bhean dar cheisd cosg an uilc, 32.2 . ba c.¤ mór la hUltu, IT i 139.9 . leo ba c.¤ (cheville), SR 3455 . ba ceisc la F. was troubled(?), BB 238a20 . ro bo ch.¤ for Ultu dono aní sin the U. didn't know what to do about that, LU 8390 ( FB 26 ). fail sund gabuil cethri ṁ-bend / do ch.¤ for feraib hErend, TBC-LL¹ 722 . bean ar nar cheisd clú `unanxious for her fame', PBocht 22 § 33 . C. . . . / ar nar ch.¤ uamhan éaga `whom fear of death troubled not', Keat. iii 752 . is ceisd oruinn eol Banbha, DDána 74.1 `we long for guidance through B.', Ir. Monthly 1919, 283 § 1 . níor ch.¤ ort, a Dhúilimhse / dealbh ai-eoir ┐ uisge it was no trouble to you, Aithd. D. 57.8 . ba cest iccon claind sin nach fuaradair nech ri n-aithesc i n-airecht in arrig, BB 238b17 .

In phr. ar ch.¤ with Vn. or dep. clause: ar c.¤ ammuis longpuirt do thabairt orra `from the danger of (= in case of) a camp attack being made upon them', ALC ii 294.10 . ar cheasta go `for fear that', ACL i 158.2 . See Gadelica 302.5ff. , Duan. F. iii 237 . air cesta gu n-dighnedh tuilledh orra in case (lest) he should do, AU iii 602.1 . lé ceasda áon-laoch do[d] thabhairt-si for fear that any champion should marry thee, Eachtra na gCuradh 69.10 (Leabh. ó Láimhsgr. i). le ceastain mé beith búidheach, Tribes of Irel. 68.3 .

cen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cen or dil.ie/8581
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cin, can, gen, gin, gan, chen, cen suidib, cen(a)e, cena, cenut, c(h)enae, cenuib, cenaib, c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana, cenae, cenco

later cin, can, gen, gin, gan (usual modern form). Prep. with accus., leniting. See GOI 111 , 273 , 501 . chen, Sg. 75a1 , 78b2 , 147b3 (so also chen(a)e (see below) regularly in Sg. as against c- in Wb. and Ml., see Thes. ii 154 ). With dat. cen suidib, Ml. 20d3 , and cf. cenaib with 3 pl. suff. pron. below. With accus. in class. lang.: a bheith gan bhú (: chlú), O'R. Poems 252 . In later Vn. constructions of the type: gan an bás . . . do dhol, TSh. 2703 takes noun in nom. (`takes art. + noun in the form of nom., as verbs do', TSh. Gloss.). See TD 3.15 and note. Duan. F. iii s.v. gan.

For usage of late MSS. in matter of follg. lenition see Aithd. D. s.v. gan. cuiridh `gan' séimhioghadh, gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear (sic) d'ogham é, IGT Introd. § 7 . In class. lang. does not prefix t to ṡ, §§ 67 , 70 . Note alliteration in: mé gan ṡeise ó ṡain a-nall, DDána 77.3 , gan ḟolta gan imreasainn, 70.16 .

With suff. pron. in O.Ir. only (apart from 3 s. cen(a)e, cena, for which see below), and rare even here with no forms occurring for 1 s. and pl. 2 s. cenut, Wb. 6b25 . 3 s. m. and n. c(h)enae. 2 pl. cenuib, Wb. 9c2 . 3 pl. cenaib, Ml. 20d4 . Later with follg. indep. pron. (in 3 pers. é, í, iat).

Orig. on this side of (see GOI 501 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 197 ), hence apart from, besides etc. (see I(a) and III below). The usual meaning at all stages of the language is without, deprived of, not having, -less. Freq. with follg. Vn. with which, in its verbal function, it serves as neg. particle (see II).

I

(a) apart from, besides, except : atá brithem and cenutsu gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . atá brithem lasuidib cenuib-si gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . tāthut bith[ḟ]laith . . . / cen a tír i fail do rúaim apart from, Hail Brigit 26 . cé atchetha óinchairptech / . . . / fil mór d'echaib . . . / cen suidi (-e, v.l.) nad aicci-siu besides him, Imr. Brain 39 . ni ettis nech cena domanches except in the case of, LU 3488 ( SCC 26 ). i n-atconnarc . . . / bes atcoad cena slúag in the absence of his army(?), 3323 ( SCC 11 ). cen airitin a cobsen `short of receiving his confession', Mon. Tall. 147.30 .

(b) without, not having, -less (of things, objects, persons): buith cenchlaind, Ml. 23d12 . buith cen chomaccomla, 28d6 . buid cen sétchi, Wb. 10a17 . cen intertpersin, Sg. 161a4 . ni farcbad nech cen dire la Fēne, BCrólige 56 . ro sai cen usci `returned without water', RC xxiv 198.11 . nī anab gan é fēin, Fianaig. 80.4 . bheith don Bhanbha gan bhuachail, TD 10.19 . cin cennaib, cin tsúilib, Maund. 174 .

(c) With noun as in (b) and follg. prep. indicating position, accompaniment, possession: cennech n indib són `without anyone in them', Ml. 131d7 . cenchaille fora ciunn, Wb. 11c9 . cengutai ṅetarru, Sg. 7a4 . cen chonsin re n-os , 105b5 . cenbriathra leo, 215a6 . cona rabi aithles . . . cen mac i n-inad a athar, MU² 133 . gan cheó ortha acht aghaidh each, TD 11.12 .

(d) With abstracts (incl. vnn.): cennach n-astud, Ml. 15a15 . cen fodrúbu gl. sine deflexionum moris, 22a6 . cennach n-indlach gl. sine ulla interruptione, 32a1 . centosach cenforcenn, 110d15 . cen chumsanad gl. sine intermisione, Wb. 25c23 . trechosc conacarbi cenchinta, 27c6 . cen ḟortacht indanmma aili (with subj. gen.), Sg. 30a2 . eitir codlad ┐ cen cotlatt `whether he be asleep or awake', Mon. Tall. 152.4 . dia lleictir can imcoimet `if (such women) be let go without guarding', BCrólige 37 . In sense of unimpaired by, untroubled by etc. see LU 2294 - 99 ( FA 35 ). cen nach tairmesc netir, Hib. Min. 9.279 . bás . . . cen bethaid, PH 4320 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh, TD 10.11 . 'n-a adhbar rīg gan [fh]resabra, ML² 30 . gan í without it (umhla), RSClára 158a . gan iad, 104b . gan amhrus undoubtedly , Párl. na mB. 6 . gan mhoill immediately , 164 .

(e) With fis: cen fius scél uáibsi `without tidings from you', Wb. 25a5 . cenfius dúib, 25c4 . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.8 ( SCano 50 ). cen a fis doibsom `without their knowledge', Mon. Tall. 146.31 . gan fhios do féin unknown to himself, unwittingly , Párl. na mB. 1385 . gurab gan fhios do ionnsuidh Samson na Filistínigh unexpectedly , TSh. 767 .

(f) Freq. in verse in chevilles and quasi-adj. phrases: ind fir cen uaill, Blathm. 13 . slóig Íssu cen escur, Fél. Prol. 63 . regmi cen nach díchiul, 291 . ceithre fedha, fāth gin gheis . . . , ZCP viii 107.10 . slōg ōss a ucht cen nach socht, 108.15 .

(g) With abstr. and follg. preposition: cen fortacht nachaili oco, Ml. 53a9 . cenfochraic n dam gl. infructuosse, 91b5 . cenchol, fair, 93d1 . nā bī gan gart at gnīomh nglē, ZCP viii 109.9 . cen smacht ríg forro, LU 3441 ( SCC 21 ). ó dho bhí tuigse . . . ag an duine . . . ┐ gan í anois aige, TSh. 2909 . dia mbeth gan do righe la C. acht na nai righa . . . `if C. had no realm save . . . ', ZCP i 402.19 .

II In a variety of constructions with vnn.

(a) With Vn. with verbal force, the whole phrase having the value of an adj. or adv.: nísechmalfam ní and centadal, Ml. 25a3 . canim[ebol] lib ambuid [li]b cenprecept doib ref. to ignorantiam enim Dei quidam habent, Wb. 13c17 . it cairigthi inmaicsi et intuistidi cendethidin dissi `when they do not take care of her', 28d22 . cen tairmthecht opersin dialaili gl. intransitiuum, Sg. 189a7 . uar rombi ind fit . . . cin cumscugud, Mon. Tall. 147.14 . téora bliadna doib . . . cen teacht as, Anecd. i 11.24 ( SCano 356 ). fada an treimhse ataid re a chois / gan tocht dá dtíribh, TD 4.38 . soinend no doinend na haimsire do bidh gan techt, BCC 416.18 . fá h-ár gan áireamh it was a slaughter incalculable, ML 130.24 .

(b) With Vn. and obj. gen.: cenaéitsecht gl. non . . . audire, Ml. 21b11 . batrom foraib són centíchtain átíre fadesin they were distressed at not reaching their own land, 34d12 . cen foraithmet ananmae . . . dam gl. ut etiam uocabula eorum obliuioni tradam, 37c13 . cen a chomallad gl. sub Lege (fuerunt), 76a15 . cid atobaich cendílgud cech ancridi gl. quare non magis iniuriam accipistis? Wb. 9c20 . cena aetarcne riam gl. sine praeiudicio, 29a20 . cenacomol naich aili do gl. `ipse' quoque in tertia persona per se, Sg. 197b17 . cen imcabáil . . . cum nobis do epirt, 203a8 . cia beith cen (gin, MS) gabáil n-orbai, Críth G. 69 . cen a coisecrad `without being reconsecrated', Mon. Tall. 153.15 . ō ro-gabus gāi im láim nad-raba cen guin duini I have never failed to slay a man, Sc.M² 16 . bi gan a thabairt do not swear it (an oath), PH 7343 . gan oba gliadh, TD 26.40 .

(c) With follg. noun or pron. and prep. DO with Vn. (for case of noun in later lang. see above): foilsigthi feisin cen ainm dothórmuch fris `without the addition of a noun to it', Sg. 211a8 . ma ro látar ce[n] ní do ḟacbáil leo, Ériu xvii 66 § 4 . afuine . . . / cenachnáma dobrissiud, SR 3904 . in fer nār c[h]otail énoidchi ríam gan maithes Gall da innluccud da dúintib, ZCP viii 111.13 . ata recht ocaind .i. cen luige do thabairt, PH 2684 . can T. . . . do thegmail dó, TTebe 987 . gan é d'áireamh oramsa, TD 14.9 . Similarly, without vn.: trágh. ráth . . . , inann ┐ so sís acht gan so sís do bainindscne except that the following are not feminine, IGT Decl. § 38 . gan mé aniogh san mhín mhaighrigh since I am not(?), Studies 1921, 568 § 23 . With follg. acht in sense of except that, only , etc.: gan acht coibhche . . . do dháil di `provided he gave her a marriage-portion', Keat. ii 4642 . gan é acht i naois óiglenaib still of tender years, O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan acht neart aoidheadh orra, Content. xxx 26 . do-ghéubha tú sail ad tshúil féin 's gan achd brodh a súil Pharaon only a mote, Mac Aingil 904 .

In a number of exx. in the early lang., and with increasing frequency in the later, the clause introduced by cen assumes the character of a nominal clause functioning as the subject or object of a verb, as a case governed by a preposition, and occasionally even as a genitive depending on a noun. For class. lang. see the analysis in TSh. s.v. gan.

(d) As subject of a verb: isingir lem cenchretim dúib, Wb. 4b28 . isaithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cenprecept dondaís anfiss their failure to preach . . . discredits them, 13b11 . cen buith i bar ṅgnáissi / is mór fodom-glúassi, Fél. Ep. 375 . ba imned la F. cen acallaim na ingine F. was anxious to speak with the girl, TBFr. 155 . fonascar fair can tudecht, LU 5943 . mad dia m-beith at cumang, a ben, ol C., in ghein fil fat bruindi gan a breith có abhárach, RC vi 175 § 55 . ba dogessib conculainn cenadall fulachta diachathim, iii 176.17 . ba col cen a choemna not to protect him, Gorm. March 15 . ata is-in recht cen mnái do gabail i fhiadnaise, PH 2794 . nár dhamhsa gan dol red chois, TD 14.32 . an cóir gan síodh d'fhagháil uadh? Aithd. D. 63.5 . is truag duind gan E. acar n-imdidin, Stair Erc. 745 .

(e) As object: fobithin adrimet som deit su armelacht cen arṅ ditin ni `not to protect us', Ml. 129d22 . madh ro achtaigh cín ar, ┐ rohairedh, Laws iv 132.25 . fonaiscid C. forrosom cen curadmir do chosnam, LU 9025 ( FB 77 ). na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim, MU² 182 . foracaib . . . can a n-uilc do dígail dóib, LU 3117 (see Duan. F. iii 8 - 9 ). cid fodera . . . cen Crist do-t furtacht-su?, PH 738 . asbert an file fris cen ní don bradan do tomailt, RC v 201.23 . gan chrích Néill fút ná fulaing, TD 6.16 . do cheannuigh Dia . . . / gan mo bheith i mbrugh Ifeirn, Dán Dé v 45 . mar do chonn-cadar cliatha na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris that they were not strong enough to fight him, Keat. ii 1779 . orduighmid . . . gan labhairt dona Sethrachaibh `that the Sisters keepe silence', RSClára 102b .

(f) With vbs. of forgetting, preventing , etc. the prep. merely reinforces the meaning of the main verb: arnabé anfochell leu cenatlugud buide diasoirad so that they may not neglect to return thanks, Ml. 117b7 . cenasechim gl. uestigia relinquere, Sg. 30a20 . rothairmisc . . . in scel sin fa P. . . . gan sid re brathair, TTebe 2767 . a Bhē-binn, bean ar do mac / gan mhnāi trīallfas dó tochmarc, ZCP xiii 167.1 . léigfeamaoid dínn . . . gan teacht tarsa, TSh. 294 `which we shall avoid treating of', Gloss. tug i ndearmad gan maith na n-Éireannach do mhaoidheamh he has forgotten to, Keat. i 56.25 . nīr dhermait . . . in doirseóir gan in custam d'iarraidh ┐ d'fagáil `the keeper did not neglect demanding and receiving it', Fl. Earls 90.5 . Cf. Ml. 25a3 cited under (a).

(g) As case governed by prep.: tré gan rabhadh do chur dho through failing to warn him, Content. xvi 71 . fá gan fearthuinn do dheanadh, Donlevy 440.30 . déinig faire . . . chum gan tuitim a ttemptásion so as not to enter into temptation, Párl. na mB. 789 . maille ré gan é d'fhaigsin, TSh. 6387 .

(h) As gen.: d'easbaidh gan an creideamh do bheith aca because they have no faith, TSh. 4784 (where gan merely reinforces meaning of easbhaidh). The phrase introduced by gan is technically gen. also in: rún do ghlacadh gan tuitim to resolve not to fall, Donlevy 448.19 .

III With suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana (usual mod. form). On O.Ir. cene, cenae see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 346 . In class. verse may be stressed or unstressed, Aithd. D. 25.19n.

(a) In more or less literal sense in addition to it, without him or it, besides, apart from this. As shown by occas. exx. of cenae referring to f. or pl. nouns the word had even in O.Ir. begun to have the force of an indep. adv. besides, in addition, moreover, anyway . In literal sense: huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. uerba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ní laimtis cena they dared not omit to do it, Sc.M² 20 , cf. ní étaim-sea chena I cannot help it (gan a dheanamh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6080 . cía nocarainn cách chenae besides him, Liad. and Cuir. 24.21 . nícon bíad cenae, 24 `without him . . . it will not live', Murphy Lyrics 35.10 . ceni beth nach aili isin tig cenae acht hé a oenur, BDD² 1086 `any other save he', Gloss. ní fuil aurlabraidi . . . leo chenae besides him, MU² 986 .

(b) In more general sense: cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud in any case, Ml. 20a20 . bamór fechtae cenae `there were many times besides', 39a3 . legi enim Dei non est subiecta (of sapientia carnis) .i. atá dethiden fuiri cene `besides', Wb. 3d34 . barafie dúib darígente cene cenimmormus nachmór, 11d5 . apronomen asberr eiusdem ┐ cach pronomen dono chene `besides', Sg. 203b1 . os me chene am faelid `I too', Thes. ii 293.25 . at-béla chenaeo (sic), BDD² 1438 `in any case', Gloss. sáeilim nem cena I am looking forward to heaven as it is, BColm. 68.22 .

Following f. and pl. nouns: ni reccar ales dano epistle uáibsi arrofitemmar cene `without it' (ref. to epistil, f.), Wb. 15a5 . runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin (ref. to epistolis), 15a4 . etar fileda ┐ áis ṅdénma sairse chenae `and other artists', Sg. 212a11 . atethatár eóin damsa chena other birds will be caught for me, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). ní lamhat eonu na fiadhmhilu cena beth for an sliab sin `nor other wild animals', ZCP i 254.6 .

(c) Hence of actions and states of being already, previously : nírecat . . . les tintuda . . . ataat iltintudai leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . tanice-side céne `He hath come already', Wb. 4d26 . adib eolaig and cene, 33c19 . ar biid iouis cene nominatiuo , Sg. 99a3 . ar ní thucad dó chena hí, LU 3168 . ag feoilgherradh in ridiri ata marbh chena, Stair Erc. 758 . cheana `alwaies' (= hitherto, Ed.), RSClára 81a . ? Cf. cheana no archeana .i. o sin amach, O'Cl.

(d) More vaguely as adv. of asseveration moreover, indeed, of a truth, then, so (see PH, TSh.): ni réid chene, Sg. 238b1 . saībse, céni, i m-bith chē, Imr. Brain 45 `moreover', Murphy Lyrics 39.13 . ní boí isin bith frisa samailte chena there was indeed nothing with which it could be compared, LU 3378 ( SCC 16 ). ceist cena . . . cid as áil dúib?, MU² 332 . ó racuala in maith cena, cid ar ná cechlaind in saith?, Airne F. 237 . cia airm itá do thigerna-su chena ale?, TBC-LL¹ 1418 . ní fitir in challech nach do fhoigdi chena tánic in giIla that it was not simply to beg the servant came, Ériu i 132.81 . leicem as ar n imram . . . acht in chonair beras ar curach sind cheana, YBL 87a44 . nocha lám chena ná cos / do géba, O'Gr. Cat. 367.17 . an chloch cheana . . . on the other hand, TSh. 64 . gidhedh chena, BCC 124.30 . With ocus at beg. of sentence: ┐ chena bid lat ┐ lad chlaind co brath in rigi, RC xxiv 200.14 . ┐ cena ni . . . , TTebe 4293 . V. freq. with prec. acht: acht chena is . . . , LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). acht chena ro-diultais etc., PH 601 . acht cheana do ghabhadar etc., Párl. na mB. 3947 . acht atā ni cena moreover, ZCP viii 111.14 .

Cf. archena, olchena.

IV Freq. with follg. co as conjunction without that, though . . . not, in some uses replacing O.Ir. ceni. Not found in O. Ir. glosses. See Phil. Soc. Trans. 290 § 56 . cenco is perh. rather to be explained from *ceni-co, O'Rahilly, Celtica ix 113 - 34 . In class. Ir. gion etc. go (see DDána), which appar. no longer felt as containing the prep. cen (gan). Form somet. influenced by cían (céin), q.v.

(a) without that, apart from the case that, because of the fact that not (with indic. and subj.): bid messu dúib . . . céin co tísaid lim it will be the worse for you if you do not come with me, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). ní eicsind uile cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath I could not relate it all short of keeping at it till doomsday, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . gén cu taibre ar hanmuin / let a talmain nisbera short of giving it (worldly goods?) for your soul, 228.17 . cumma lem etir / cen co tīas ilLaighnib I care not at all if I go not into L., ZCP viii 110.8 . cóir, cen co beth biad ocut `right then is it that food should fail thee', PH 1312 . nír bó toil do A. sin, gen gur triall la hI. do Roimh A. was unwilling not to go with I. to Rome, BNnÉ 4.25 .

Usually though . . . not.

(b) With indic. Rare in older lang.: cenco n-acatár though they did not see (her), LU 10010 . cín co fetar cia tu though I don't know who you are, RC v 200 § 15 . achd gin gur fheith iad, DDána 3.29 . comhla gen go bī (sic leg.) rem baeis, ACL iii 236 § 9 . gion gur chomhmaoidh sin though she boasted not of it, Dán Dé ii 5 . gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear d'ogham é, IGT Introd. 5.1 . gin co fuil, CF² 585 . cin co híbhitt na Serrisdínig fín, Maund. 61 . gin cur chaith . . . caithfet-sa `though no one has eaten', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . génco faicidhisi é, RC xxiv 371.26 . gion go ffaicfit mo chorp . . . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo miorbuile, BNnÉ 267 § 235 (fut. replacing subj.?). Cf. gion go bhfaicfear (-cthear, v.l. ). Dán Dé v 35 .

(c) With subj.: acht ropom airdricse, maith lim cen co bend būan acht ōenlāa even though I should live only one day, TBC-I¹ 572 . cen cop mōr mo thuasa, Mór M. 6 . cen co pat comṡáeglaig, Airne F. 19 . cenco n-essara though you eat not, Sc.M² 3 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be saying untruthfully that it is . . . , Laws iv 52.30 . cian combat lia iar n-umir though they be not more in number, Rawl. 70b22 . ra raidsebair cenco tucaind ar áis doberaind ar écin that I would take it willy-nilly, LL 7685 ( TBC-LL¹ 150 ). cia fogabad cenco fagbad whether he got it or not, 7328 . cen co dernad, CRR 18 . cinco dernadais na Masilecdha do maith . . . acht . . . if the M. did no other good than . . . , CCath. 1751 . gion go dtí riomsa . . . / Dia do dhearmad, Dán Dé xxv 9 . do rígh gion go rabhtha id mhac even wert thou not a king's son, DDána 91.15 .

Occas. with loss of negative sense: gion go mbiadh gnúis gheanamhail . . . ag fear na ceilge though the deceiver should have. . . , TSh. 8965 (see Vocab.). atá ár sáith d'íoc againn gin gurab deired dúinn féin taréis na deithbire so `though immediately upon termination of this quarrel we ourselves too made an end', Caithr. Thoirdh. 119.24 .

cláenad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláenad or dil.ie/9307

Forms: claonadh

u, m. vn. of cláenaid. claonadh, IGT Verbs § 80 .

(a) act of bending, bringing low, inclining, diminishing(?); inclination: clointa cinn són `of bending the head' (gl. hoc gestu), Ml. 127c22 . clóenad clóenfatsa mo cend fair, LU 5183 (TBC). ata [in meirge] crom 'ar cclaonad, Cog. 262.8 . fáth claonta a chinn san chroich-se, DDána 54.23 . na feadha ag claonadh dá gcloinn, 93.11 . an sgáth criadh ar gclaonadh `toppling over', Aithd. D. 50.12 . ar ndul uaib go luath fá chlaonadh `is suddenly gone from you and laid low', O'Gr. Cat. 565.19 . a nen ceim co direach ris in ngrein gan claenad da deiscert na da tuaiscert `without inclining', Ir. Astr. Tr. 100.8 . in corp claonus do claonadh nadurdha o measurdacht by natural inclination, Reg. San. 17. 12 . rogabh . . . éttroma ┐ aerdhacht, claonadh ┐ corraidhe consapail Taidhcc languor(?), AFM v 1672. 7 (`unsteadiness'). ag am chlaonadh féin go talmhuin (when uttering a prayer), Parrth. Anma 4794 . Of the eyes, squinting, slanting looks: da mac imrisin dib air claena, ZCP x 301.13 . réd chlaonadh súl ná bí a bhean, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 2 .

Fig. (b) act of inclining, influencing : adeirim gur féidir leis na réalta an duine do chlaonadh go nádúrtha, Corp. Astron. 62.5 . iarnar cclaonadh lé bhúr n-impidhibh diadha, Rial. S.F. 1333 . bhúr ccumas do chlaona féachaig see to it that you bend your capacity, Párl. na mB. 359 .

(c) act of deviating, going astray; deviation, error; evil inclination : atat . . . tri ernail for cloenadh three classes of error, Auraic. 5099 . beathadh a shlóigh ó 'dchí ag claonadh / doní dhóibh saobhadh na síon, Dán Dé xxxi 12 (`when He sees His folk's corn droop' ?when he sees them going astray). ag claonadh gé a-tám ó a toil, DDána 21a.16 . an náduir dháonda ar ccláonadh do chum uilc, RSClára f. 57b . ag sechna an uile chláonta, f. 148a . cláonuid ar ccláonta ┐ ar miana go nethibh aimsiordha, f. 156b . cineadh . . . ag a mbí claonadh re déanamh drúise (= gens . . . veneri indulgens), Keat. i 64.18 . cláonadh . . . dochum deaghoibreadh do dhéunamh, Parrth. Anma 3151 . dul tar slíghe ná claona ar an láimh ndeis ná ar a' láimh cclí, Párl. na mB. 2041 . gan claonadh air a chéile re heagla báis abandoning(?), Dhá Sg. Art. 152 (`fealladh air?').

(d) act of perverting, distorting : ní dhligheann rí an ceart do chlaonadh, Aithd. D. 31.25 . nī thucsat claonadh . . . don scēl distortion, Fl. Earls 62.z . claonadh córa, Keat. Poems 1497 . claonadh seanchusa do dhéanamh `to falsify historical truth', Keat. iii 511 . ní mó laibheórus tú a gcúis do chláonadh le morán do thobhach (breitheamhnuis) to decline after many to wrest judgement, Exodus xxiii 2 .

(e) As n. loc. crích des Cloíned, LL 4930 . sech Nás. do Chloínud, 13483 . ic Cassán Chlointa, 13514 .

coindelg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coindelg or dil.ie/10326
Last Revised: 2013

n o, [n. ?], later also ā, f. (com + delg ?). Also cu-.

(a) contract, covenant : cacha críche condelg `to every territory its covenant', Celtica vi 237 ( Laws iv 50.12 ) = cach crich a c.¤ , ACL iii 226.2 (incorrectly O'Dav. 517 ). cuindelg .i. cumaid nó aonta brathar . . . a fer condeilge `the other party to the agreement'(?), O'Dav. 482 . O'Mulc. 275 . la M.D. nad charad cuindeilg (: Muindeirgg), LL 23643 . nocon ḟuil eneclann dóib no co ndernat c.¤ , O'D. 1372 (E iii 52 25b). condelg dligthech . . . c.¤ indligthech, O'Curry 402 ( H 3.18, 223b ). fer condilc fír, Trip.² 2471 . condelg n-ága (cheville), TBC-LL² 404 . iter dis na coindeilge, O'Curry 402 ( H 3.18, 223b ). coindealg .i. tacra no comdeoliugha[d] no comradh [ut est] gle is fiu cosmail condelg mberla `like a covenant in the law-language', O'Dav. 352 . fofand .i. fo-bend i condiulc bend muchnae, O'Mulc. 550 . for-fi a ccondilc 'he completed their partnership' ZCP xxvii 72 (coindelg refers here to an agreement among co-heirs to hold their inheritance in common with right of survivorship, whereby the last survivor takes everything).

(b) counsel, advice : coindealg comairle, Metr. Gl. Ff. 10 . O'Cl. tar coindeilg mbretheaman, O'Curry 1607 ( 23 Q 6, 5 a ). contúaset . . . uli a condelg `counsel', BDD 114 .

(c) comparison, gramm. comparative degree: dodenom condeilgg and gl. rationabilius, Sg. 42a4 . húare bís ɔṅdelgg indib gl. non absolute, 45a9 . .11 . in chondealg lasin Laitneoir `comparison', Auraic. 668 . condelg ceille . . . ┐ condelg suin, 698 . a ngrad condeilg `the comparative degree', 639 . co ra lín a chlú ┐ a chondelg . . . fon Éoraib uile, LL 31834 `the comparing of him', TTr. 1022 . With follg. prep. FRI: niáil dún ar condelc friú `to compare ourselves with them', Wb. 17b9 . cen a chondelg fri nech gl. pro positiuo possitus, Sg. 42a6 . na caemnactar . . . ríg ná rígdomnai . . . condelg na cutrummus fris, LL 31833 (TTr.). With gen.: hi coindeilc in gotho `in comparison with', Sg. 3b1 (see note). hi coindeulgg inna innsce óge, 25b2 . a coinnilg ferb nDē, Corm. Y 584 . am choinneilg, O'Curry 1300 ( H 3.18, 539b ). i condiulc in maithiusa, Trip.² 2108 . i condiulg na cetesergi, LU 2717 . i fégad ┐ i coṅdiulg cech dána, PH 5450 .

(d) conjunction: conndelg ┐ (pro)nomen ┐ briathar 'conjunction and (pro)noun and verb' Stud. Celt. xiv/xv 16 .

1 corr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 corr or dil.ie/12513
Last Revised: 2019

adj I o, ā. On meanings cf. Loth, RC xxxiv 148 f. , TD ii 188 - 9 . ` tapering, cuspidated, peaked, pointed, jutting out or up, swelling ', Measgra D. 245 . Used of a wide variety of objects, incl. geographical features, places, buildings, weapons, human beings, animals, parts of the body, instruments, vessels, trees. Often somewhat vaguely applied: im Crúachain cuirr, LU 2847 . caidi ced-ainm in chairn chuirr?, Metr. Dinds. iii 356.7 . ón chrích chuirr, Bard. P. 5 . 16 . cathair ch.¤ , IT iii 23.2 . teagh c.¤ colam, IGT Decl. ex. 1343 . .u. claidhim corra catha, BB 273a35 . ar crandaibh camaibh corraibh, IT iii 86 § 91 . mac B. . . . gléchuirr `bright-eminent', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.26 . mac in chleirigh cuirr, AU ii 180.4 `stooped? hump-backed?' Plummer MS notes. fir chorra (of chessmen), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.7 . corrmhil c.¤ , IT iii 81 § 59 . a ccomtach a dha ccioch cc.¤ , Ériu iv 55.17 . na ruisg corra chriostalta, Dánta Gr. 13.11 (cf. cuirre). méra corra, IGT Decl. ex. 131 . dá pheinn . . . chuirr, ex. 1101 . pistal cuínge cuírre, IT iii 101 § 181 . fion . . . a cuachuibh corra, Rel. Celt. ii 208.26 . dī chūarán corra, MacCongl. 9.22 . cnóe corra, LL 27688 ( Dinds. 160 ). mínréidh na ród gc.¤ uile, A. Ó Dálaigh liv 2 . leathan thīs ┐ c.¤ t[h]uas (of a drop of milk), B. Fermoy 219b30 cited Duan. F. iii 246 . bainid teas . . . a cnapain corra dib `knobby' (hail- stones), Ir. Astr. Tr. 152.1 .

In more abstract senses: teacht ar druim cuain nó calaidh / ar uair gcuirr níor chleachtabhair, LBranach 6397 perh . `at an untimely hour', Gloss. ? do thréigios geallta corra / ní ghébhainn geall . . . / . . . acht do mholadh, 3406 . caince c.¤ / doní tonn . . . T., Acall. 861 `strange music', Murphy Lyrics 49.10 . laithe corra, TD 18.5 `unsettled', Notes (short?). diebus imparibus . . . .i. is na laithibh corra on odd days, 23 K 42, 57.14 (see subst. use below).

Equat. cuirrither hog luin a di ṡúil, Corm. 36.27 = cuirrit[h]ir, Corm. Y 1059 (91.17) . Compar. cuirre iná c.¤ aurócbála a dhá grúad, Corm. 36.29 . an bhruidhean nach cuirre cnoc, DDána 119.32 . na chíche nach curra an tugh, Rel. Celt. ii 232.10 .

II As subst. ā, [f.] (later somet. o) projecting part, end, corner, peak etc.: barr, críoch, c.¤ , Eg. Gl. 65 . c.¤, adharc, rinn etc., 119 . Used of a wide variety of objects (cf. adj. use supra): co cuirr Chruachain, BS 120.12 . fa cuirr cairrgi, ACL iii 235.20 . san gc.¤ choir(?), apse(?) (of a church), Eochairsg. 113.9 . corra an domhain = ends , Isaiah xli 5 . don chuirr bragat gl. ceruici, Gild. Lor. 133 . do benastar na goithne . . . i c.¤ bragatt na flatha ` nape ', Ann. Conn. 1405.15 . corra braghad ` bend of the neck', O'Gr. Cat. 269.13 . re doighteach na naronn ┐ na gc.¤ mbraghad, 23 K 42, 156.6 . saothar mór ar na corraibh braghad, 165.7 (exact sense in pl. not clear). co tuargaib cend ass i coirr a chride (a knife), Fing. R. 328 . gé ro sgoilt cuirr chroidhe, Dán Dé xx 29 . ar chuir mo ghlūin on my knee, KMMisc. 358.23 = chuirr, Gadelica 294.z . corra a n-uillend the points of their elbows, BB 393a12 . ō ch.¤ na huillen go barr an meo[ir] medhoin, O'Mulc. 112 note . cona bachaill . . . cacha bainde . . . noscēed tar a cuirr crook (?), MacCongl. 91.2 . corra in c[h]oicat bachall, Ériu v 28.14 . i corraib bachall `points of croziers', RC xxvi 40.216 (.i. i n-aes graid ┐ i clerchu archena, note). in ferand risin abair c.¤ bachalla (n. loc.?), LB 258 marg. inf. tri mer dua (leg. dia) churr. Mer dia frithchurr. . . lethordlach [leithit a cuil] ar medon trian oca chuirr (a billhook, fidba), O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ). a ch.¤ liathroití lubain, IT iii 69 § 12 (2 c.?). c.¤ . . . lamchrann . . . breasdach . . . caomchom (parts of harp), Manners and Customs iii 258 note (refers to violin-type instr., c. the end held against the shoulder, Plummer MS. notes) ` cross tree, or harmonic curve ', Gloss. sccriobhus iad sin a ccuir chruiti, Ériu iv 60 § 49 . Cf. carr. a prora .i. . . . on chuirr thussig prow , Gild. Lor. 49 . in ch.¤ thuisech din churuch sin ┐ . . . in ch.¤ aile the prow, the stern, RC xiv 402 § 9 . leím duine a cuirr a choiti, IGT Decl. ex. 551 . ac cumtach cír im chorraib na luṅgi, LL 30952 (TTr.). ro suigh a cathair cumdachta for curr na halttora, Grail 3397 . ag cuirr dheis na haltóra . . .an churr dheas, Eochairsg. 36.38 (cf. cornu altaris, Du Cange s. cornu ). ar chorruibh bhur naltórach = horns , Jeremiah xvii 1 . c.¤ comdala for dechnaid cumaisc (a metre), IT iii 77 § 43 . ar chuirr sheaghla sheing Sh. hem (?), DDána 99.13 . ? c.¤ laegbili (.i. Oengus) cétáin, ZCP xii 237 § 60 . uaclerigh carbat crin cuirre, IT iii 101 § 181 . is daleic a chuirr fair inna carpat .i. eir for in aile, O'Mulc. 763 . ? i gcórr shliabh (printed as compd.) `mountain pease', Ó Bruad. iii 134.6 .

In phr. céd traiged i tigh C. / ón chuirr go roich a chéle from end to end, Acall. 804 . o chuirr go cuirr, Luc. Fid. 5230 . ón ccorr go chéile, Ezra ix 11 . ón gceann gcurradh go chéile, Trompa na bhF. 204 = de fonds en comble, Gloss.

Note also: c.¤ mór is deich míle much more than, ZCP iii 621 .

In n. loc. Ross dá C.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 306.34 . C.¤ Crúadglórach, 40 . co fán Chorra Eidnige, 128.20 (see Notes). hic corraib Edhnecha, BB 367b26 .

See 2 and 3 c.

Compds. With nouns pointed, peaked, sharp etc.: corr-chathbarr, CCath. 4694 . corr-crechda .i. ainm do cnoc bis a n-étan na n-amatán, O'Dav. 518 (a lump or brand (?) on the forehead of a drúth, identifying him as such, CMCS lxvii 55-71 . See crechda). do cheppaib ┐ do chorrḟótaib . . . talman `round sods', RC xiv 416 § 32 . a chliath chorrga, IT iii 88 § 105 ( Bruchst. 17 § 33 ). na corrgabla siúil ┐ na loṅga luchtfethna, LL 22799 (`bent spars of a sail', CRR 11 ). ? corrgubhul .i. craicann gabair, [ut est] broc choel do chorrgubul gabais etc., O'Dav. 366 . ina corrthair chlaidem ┐ chorr-shleag, MR 214. 23 . tre corrsmál teinedh, Ériu v 104.22 .

With corr- in secondary senses: ? in chorrabhall, Acall. 4530 = SG 186.30 dwarf or crab-apple tree = We. corrafallen, KZ xxxviii 462 , ZCP iv 104 . le hecla corrméinee (sic) na sgoile ` ill-will ', O'Gr. Cat. 131.38 . corr-ecor selba `hinausgehendes Einbringen', ZCP xv 246 § 5 , with corr- in sense of odd (of numbers), 248 (see De Bhaldraithe, Éigse viii 244 ). corr-fhocla ┐ coirrlitreacha Gaoidheilge occasional words, Donlevy v 17 . ? in chorrimirchi `the odd drove', Duan. F. iii 18.42 ( Acall. 4978 ). seasca corr-mholt `smooth . . . wethers', Leb. Cert. 62.x . an tIarla do dhol corrshluagh ceandais feadhna with a small army (?), AFM v 1592.3 . C. . . . Corrbacc, IT ii1 181.191 .

With noun forming adj.: nomen do lestur chor[r]thón gl. futilis, Sg. 56b7 (see GOI 220 , Hermathena xcix 52 ).

With adjj. (in some cases dvandva-compds., in others compds. of subst. corr?): for dá n-echaib . . . corrbeca small-muzzled (?), TBC-I¹ 1973 . do chrāib charrbuidi (: glanbuidi), Bruchst. 66 § 150 = carn-, IT iii 99 § 167 . Leaburcam . . . corrchael, BB 257b25 . claidem cruaidh corr-cotut sharp and hard (?), hard-tipped (?), CCath. 5241 . corrderga (horses), LU 6910 ( BDD 51 ). an cíogh coirrgheal, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 5 . rosc corrglas, BB 427a36 . demun doescair corrlond, IT i 190.16 ( FA 30 LB).

With adjj. derived from nouns: le céibh dtruim gcorramlaigh ` beauteous ', Magauran 922 . a slebh . . . Corrbennach, BB 23b48 . munter Ch. chorr-beraig of the pointed spears, Metr. Dinds. iii 174.82 . a chailleach, a chuirrchennach ` round-headed (?)', BS 72.13 . is sí . . . chorr-chíchech, Metr. Dinds. iv 140.z . tarclaim C. corr-deibig (sic leg.), Metr. Dinds. iv 8.12 `prominent in fight', Notes (coirrdheabhaidh wrongly expld., O'Cl. ). an barr corrgablach (of hair), Ériu iv 218.8 . teóra hingina corrlámacha Cailitín, Comp. CC 88.8 . S. inghean Chorrluirgnigh, ML 32.10 . i ndúin Caisil choirrshleaghaigh of sharp spears, DDána 74.59 .

Other compds. given as separate entries.

crapaid, crapaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crapaid, crapaigid or dil.ie/12772
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: crapad, craptha

v (crap) contracts, shrivels, shrinks, bends : rocrap lamh indalanai, Lism. L. 1433 . fa chruinne iná aball in uair do chrapad (a monster), SG 251.20 . in tan crapuid na baill ó crupán na féithe, O'Gr. Cat. 268.35 = Mackinnon Cat. 14.w . mar crapuidhter feithi in droma amain ... mar crapuidhter na feithi do gach leth, Irish Texts i 50.6 . docrap sé a cosa cuigi `drew up his legs', ZCP vi 99.22 crap do ghlúine fút ` bend ', Ó Bruad. i 130.1 . do crapadh i nglasaibh ` imprisoned ', iii 18.3 . crap. crup = crush, Eg. Gl. 192 . Cf. damh caomh nocha chreapfa, DDána 113.33 . issed rofircrap aḟine artigheacht athighi tiartuaidh, IT iii 99.9 .

Vn. crapad. Part. craptha.

crommad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crommad or dil.ie/13104

Forms: cromadh

u, m. vn. of crommaid. cromadh, IGT Verbs § 67 . act of bending, stooping; bend : dús conabrad fria ergi, intií atbert fria cromad, LB 141b55 . ? do ghní . . . cromad, SG 42.z . cromadh ara cláraibh (of trees), CCath. 1912 . ro mebh[d]atar . . . a corrána ina cromthaibh `in their bendings', 2128 . a thuigse do chromadh d'fheitheamh na talmhan, TSh. 2615 . crainn ag cromadh, Oss. iv 242.3 . an rí ar gcromadh ar an gcoir had set about investigating the crime, DDána 63.16 . do bheir dóbrón a ccroidhe dhuine ar cromadh = maketh it stoop, Proverbs xii 25 .

crommaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crommaid or dil.ie/13105

Forms: crommad

v (cromm) bends, stoops .

(a) Trans. ra chrommsatar leó é co tarla a gnúis . . . ra grian, TBC-LL² 2568 . for cóimu in chóicid nād chromthar `that is not subdued (?)', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 32 . cromaid in phailm a barr, LB 141b52 . cid ros-crommad, MU² 411 `what should make them stoop?' Gloss. crech, crom, crin iat (of sins), Ir. Lit. 8.8 . ? Dall is Dorcha . . . / rocromtha fri comaidces, Metr. Dinds. i 18.64 . cromfuighear síos uáill na ndaoine = shall be bowed down, Isaiah ii 11 . In phr. c.¤ a chenn (do) bows his head (to), yields (to): ro cromsat a cinda, RC xiv 62.26 . cromaidh bar gcinn do'n righ rathmar, SG 23.3 . crom do chionn ┐ admhaigh . . . (to a worsted opponent), Luc. Fid. 4588 . Note also: crommatt cind fon eclais n-uill, BColm. 98.31 . More generally: cromais a chenn do chum a légind, SG 52.31 . sa chrann / 'n-ar chrom rí na cruinne a cheann, DDána 3.22 . do chromasdair a cheann re a chraoisigh, ML 86.12 .

(b) Intrans. cromm anuas bicc a phailm, LB 141b50 . do crom gu cosaib Coluim cille, RC ii 322.3 . glún nár chrom . . . dhaoibh, Aithd. D. 73.1 . rocrum a fiadhnuse an imperi, ZCP vi 48.y . an ghéag nachar chrom re cioth (of chieftaín), Magauran 137 .

With prepp. in sense of sets about, attends to, cares for: cromsait Ulaid co dicra do cur in catha, Lism. L. 3109 . do shnámh chuain . . . nír chrom, Magauran 2097 . cromait clanna Nēill fan cath bend to the battle, ZCP viii 224 § 37 . do c[h]romastair le n-a c[h]raīsigh fā na cathaib, ML² 1200 . da cromatar . . . ar a celi (of men fighting), Cog. 176.11 . bean nar chrom ar dhuine acht Dia `cared for no man', Aithd. D. 82.8 . crum ar do cheird dhúthchusa `betake thee to thy proper trade', Ériu ix 8.94 . ro cromustoir 'mon g-cath `turned to the battle', MR 284.5 . ro chromsad trenfhir thogaidi . . . 'man airdrigh `hastened round', TTebe 3398 . Note also: cromaid na laoich leath ar leith `set about the work', Ó Bruad. ii 276.x .

Vn. crommad.

cúad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúad or dil.ie/13314
Last Revised: 2019

n o, m. Disyll. (secondarily ?) at ZCP vii 269 cited infra. Cf. also RC ix 454 , ibid. (drinking-) vessel, cup, mug: cūad cōifid .i. fid cūa co cāe fās and, Corm. Y 338 . ? cūad a cūas i.e. uac[u]us , 353 . Corm. Tr. 45 . cuad .i. fid cua no cados graece uas uíní , O'Mulc. 249 . for cuad nusci, Vita Br. 25 . ilar na cúach, na cód cass, SR 4357 . c.¤ dá ordlach .x. di draumcu ar lemlacht, Críth G. 116 `wooden mug', Gloss. folestrai iter erna ┐ loiste[a] ┐ chóidiu, 176 . ? gérab bend buabaill bendaig / re gualaind oessa ollaig / is lór dúinne cen mendair / cúide do bendaib connaid, LB 103 marg. inf. cuadh bec craind, RC x 86.16 , 18 (ICM). inann an cuadh acon cerd ┐ an follearbh acon tsaer, O'Curry 2083 ( H 4.22, 70a ). coadh cno `mug', Lism. L. 754 . blæsca cno mor amal cóedi[u] shells of huge nuts like cups, RC ix 466.10 (ICM). lan coid dib `a cup full' (of nuts), Laws v 408.19 Comm. in coïdh (n p.: coïr), ZCP vii 269 § 7 . tricha bó . . . cona cóidib creduma `milk-pails (?)', RC xiii 40.y . ? am̄ bit in cuadh, IT iii 102 § 184 . eó an chuaigh uisge ar a n-aghaidh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 69 § 12 or to be refd. to cuäch ? Of rearing children together: rodn-alt . . . for ǽnchích ┐ for ǽnchúd (-glun, v.l.), RC ix 454.13 . ar aonglun ┐ ar aoncodh, O'Curry 2481 ( Eg. 88, 39aa ). Cf. dia mbed aonchruinn cliabh cuadh cóir comalta, Ériu xiii 16.18 . Of board and lodging: deoraid coid ┐ cearchuille (i.e. foster-children, etc.), O'Curry 359 (H. 3.18, 198). for a lepaid ┐ a codh, ┐ a cerchaill, 2531 ( Eg. 88, 44ab ). In fanciful n. pr. Cuad, Anecd. ii 55.21 v.l.

Compd. go raibh a fis agat cuich in coimpert dar chuadh-laitrigeadh do biudh ┐ do leabaidh for which rearing was provided (?), O'Curry 1890 ( 23 P 3, 22 a, b .).

? docheist

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? docheist or dil.ie/17315

Forms: docheist, doicheist

n fail sund gabuil cethri ṁ-bend | do cheist for feraib hEren d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 722 (? leg. docheist; cf. doicheist, v.l. p. 1106 perplexing question ?).

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