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bél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bél or dil.ie/5607
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: beoil, beóil, beolu, beula, beulu, belu, bélib, i mbeolu

n o, m. g s. beoil, Sg. 14a16 . n p. beóil, Wb. 7d9 . a p. beolu, Wb. 3b11 , beula (gl. ora), Ml. 19c9 . beulu, 35d22 . belu, Thes. ii 251. 16 . d p. bélib, Wb. 7d10 . b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 61.

I

(a) In some exx. explicitly lip , in pl. lips, but here usually mouth: don b.¤ gl. labio, Ir. Gl. 107. Gild. Lor. 139 § 40. tri beulu dlútai gl. fixis labris (17), Sg. 6a18 . ni radi ní trí thalmaidchi, amal dundchuirethar inna beulu as it rises to his lips (`as he takes it into his lips'), Ml. 35d22 . anasberaid hó bélib `what ye utter with (your) lips', Wb. 7d10 . anasbérat mo beiúil, 12d12 . (of a hag) tacmaicced a b.¤ íchtarach coa glún, LU 6828 (BDD). i socraidi labrait biuil (: Iúil), 3875 ( SCC 38 ). niamdai a beóil partardeirg (partuingdeirg, v.l.) her crimson lips, IT i 69.8 . ( LMU 4 ). co ṅditned a srona ┐ a beolu `so that it protected his nostrils and his lips' (but perh. transl. nose . . . mouth), CCath. 5265. folcuit a n-aighti uile lena mbélaib úachtair upper lips, Maund. 176. beoil lethna thick lips, Marco P. 187. cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh `sweet piping from her lips', Ériu iv 174.15 . maille siabhradh beóil ( = labium . . . pervertatur), 23 K 42 , 54.14 . do scoltad an croimbeoil ┐ in béil iocht[a]ir of chapping of the upper and lower lip, O'Gr. Cat. 191.z . baile .i. maith . . . digbail dubha baile bel .i. is maith í o belaib no i mbel `from lips or in mouth', O'Dav. 224. (in application of an incantation) imbir in da mér . . . it bélaib, Thes. ii 249.11 . doberar in salann i mbelu `the salt is put into the mouth', 251.16 . asoilgg a bēolu . . . combo ecna a [g]inchrāes, TBC-I¹ 396. (of a witch) a beóil for leith a cind her mouth in the side of her head, BDD² 540 . gebid dano cenn in tarra ina béolu, Sc.M² 17.6 . do-lleblaing int éicne ara chend, ┐ gabsus inna béulu took it in its mouth, TBFr. 209. an tan immoro no berid an leg laun ina beolu `when he used to put the ladle full into his mouth', RC xii 86 § 91. nicon acca beolu eich / amal beolu ín liathainigh, IT iii 68.2 . inbat budig do bēoil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.4 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo . . . ┐ secht n-artim inna bélaib, Ériu iv 26.9 , 10 . acht nad neibre dod belaib nama `although thou hast not said so by word of mouth', Laws iv 108.1 Comm. cuit mo b.¤ (term of endearment), LL 18576.

(b) mouth in sg.: sróin súil b.¤ , Ardm. 434a marg. (220va). i cinaid do laime, do sula, do thengad, do beil, Laws i 156.32 . issin ṁb. tacras sin in the mouth that asserts that, MU² 369. laech . . . belmar . . ., meit a beil beolu eich, TBC-LL¹ 5400 n.4 . fuil rochuiread tara bel ┐ dara sroin, TTebe 2414 . beiris i n-a bheōl . . . ar lampa airgit seized a silver lamp in its mouth, Fl. Earls 138.1 . Note also: na beula gl. ora, the mouths (?), Ml. 19c9 . Fig. gá tarbha an béal do bheith lais / 's an intinn in-a éagmhais, Dán Dé xxii 20 . an b.¤ dúnta as eadh budh ḟearr better be silent, IGT Decl. ex. 1285. Prov. is binn beál ó bheith iadhta, Dánfhocail 55 . By metonymy person : cerd cach ṁb. .i. eladu cech duni do ḟoglaim ar dáig forcitail caich (`art for every mouth', RC xxvi 22 § 62 ), LL 24410. crochadh ar bh.¤ na bréige! `perdition (lit. a hanging) to him who tells the lie' (Gloss.), LBranach 1072 . b.¤ na psalm (nickname of St. Fintan), Mart. Don. Mar. 27. Grigoir Béil óir `Gregory the golden-mouthed', BNnÉ 172 § 16 .

(c) In phrases: derg-mír i mbélaib lit. red (raw) morsel in (the) mouth apparently of property illegally acquired or attached: atait tri deirg-mireanda naidet usa a mbelaib cacha hecalsa (glossed: is indligthech do'n eclais a ngabail cuichi o belaib, 432.3 Comm. ), Laws v 430.22. at-ballat, ¤bailet (a) béoil with poss. or foll. subj. gen., see at-bail(l): co n-aplat a beoil i mmbron (leg. mbrōn ?) ┐ toirrsi `they perish', Ériu ii 114 § 38. Note also: bás fort béolu, Fing. R. 72 `death on your head!' RC xiii 378.11 .

(d) Of the mouth as the source of speech: iss ed bói i mbēlaib cáich this was the common talk, ZCP viii 317.26 . go rabhadar na lán béil ┐ buanteanga ag gach aon that they were a continual subject of conversation to everyone, RC xiv 28 § 6. lán beóil don ríoghfhuil Bhranoigh, LBranach 3581 . budh lán beoil an Brianachsoin, Studies 1925, 253 § 6 .

By extension word(s) ; subject of talk : fer na ropeccaig o bel na o gnim `in word or deed', Ériu v 20.2 . idna beoil integrity of speech, LL 3901. roiarfaided o Fiachroig Muillethan . . . dia belaib his advice was asked by F., ZCP xiv 156.14 . gurab mó do theagascdaois . . . ó theagasc beoil ioná ó scríbhinn by traditional instruction, Keat. ii 976. (explanation of the name of Eogan B.) b.¤ cach tuaithi ina thimchell `the mouth [i.e. the acclamation] of every country round about', SG 64.z . b.¤ cach flatha ina lenub / ar ó Fiachrach foltlebur, 65.2 . In phr. breth a b.¤ féin self-judgment, -doom: atetha breth do b.¤ (sic leg.) féin duit, RC xiv 430.8 . co tucsat Gaill breth a beoil fein d'O Neill, AU ii 270.8 . In adv. phrase ó óen-b.¤ unanimously: o aen bel, PH 7233. dh'aoinbheul, Luc. Fid. 2856. Legal. cor b.¤ , see 1 cor 12.

II Applied to various things resembling lips or mouth .

(a) edge, rim ; mouth of cavity, orifice, opening : b.¤ gaili, a mbél an gaile ( = orificium stomachi), RSláinte 3698. do fínégra ar b.¤ an gaile `on the pit of the stomach', O'Gr. Cat. 193.25 . b.¤ cridi (used as term of endearment): a bél mo chraidi, ACL iii 243 § 24. edge, opening of wounds: bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 . a lomma cro ic teprisin dar belaib na n-alad batar fair, Grail 685 . rucc b.¤ na cneidhe chum a chéile ┐ ticc sele fuirre, ITS xvi 42.13 . Other applications: co fil āit a beōil isin c[h]loich fóss ann `the mark of its rim (i.e. of a bell) is still there in the stone', BColm. 64.9 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne / mur uisge a beól (mbéol v.l.) úar eisci like water out of a vessel (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1081. mé is b.¤ na cróine ar mo chind, ex. 81 . lase foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7d9 . īadais indala sūil . . . asoilg alaile comba mor bēolu fidchōich as large as the orifice of a wooden bowl (?), TBC-I¹ 395. b.¤ dabcha ele 'na b.-si anúas (of one vat turned over another), BColm. 72.6 . (of a bag for chess-men) a ferbolc, is amra sceúil / de ór imdernta a beúil opening (`rim'), Fianaig. 14.22 . go bhfuilti claoidthe . . . a mbeul an tsaic (of opponents silenced in controversy), Luc. Fid. 4127. béil a ngunnadh `the muzzles of their guns', Rel. Celt. ii 194.11 . (of prongs of pincers) do briseadh teanncuir an ghobhann, ┐ an t-īarann dearg 'na beal `with the red-hot iron in its jaws', ZCP ii 562.30 . beola crot ┐ bolg ┐ buinne `mouths of harps and bags and pipes', RC xii 108 § 163. the eye of the upper millstone (Studies on Early Ireland 16 ) : iss e sin doberimsi a mbel in muilinn si, RC xiv 52 § 62. upper of shoe: bróg tar teach do teilgeadh leam . . . nar bhean tall a b.¤ fa a bonn `a shoe whose upper was detached from its sole was thrown at me' (Notes), Bard. Synt. Tr. 2.z.

(b) Further extended applications: mén mara .i. bel na mara, O'Cl. ( mēn .i. bēl, Corm. Y 948 ). fri beolu mara, Trip.² 1581 ( = in sinu maris, Lat. Lives 33 § 25 ). dá thraigid .x. lethet a b.¤ the width of its opening (an earthwork), Críth G. 571. (of Tara) deis fri Banba, b.¤ fri Bóin `her front towards the Boyne', Ériu iv 92 § 3. tir cen beula without entry, Corm. Y 674 ( Corm. 22 ). tir cin toin cin beolu bis itir da ferunn cin conair `ingress', Laws iv 158.14 Comm. cuiris comla dar a b.¤ (a well), Metr. Dinds. iii 326.19 . triall istech tar beolu na hecuilsi `threshold of the church', Marco P. 173. léigthear suas beoil na bruighne `portcullis', Aithd. D. 3.19 . siar go b.¤ na sráide `the entrance of the street', AFM ii 900.2. Of gunwale of a ship: chuir iad am beòil mhòr re chèile, SGS xviii 107.1 .

III In phrases with prepp.

(a) prepositional. With A: crithre sin a beól (mb. v.l.) bhruithne sparks from boiling heat (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1296.

With AR (FOR): huare romboi ar belaib tempuil `in front of the Temple', Ml. 48d8 . ar beolu diabuil `before the Devil', Wb. 3b11 . gontai Cūchulaind, co tabrad a marb ara (ar, LU) bēolu a brāthar, TBC-I¹ 1637. ar belaib ind ríg ( = in conspectu regis), Lat. Lives 10.8 . arbelaib (.i. a fiadnaise) fer nErenn, ACL iii 14 § 31. finta cia as toisech fodla ┐ ar a ndentar bélaib `before whom it is made', RC xiii 446 § 26. cathair . . . for bel ḟasaigh dhimhoir `at the edge of a great desert', Marco P. 20. dán bog ar bh.¤ na slighiodh `on the open road', Studies 1918, 617 § 5 .

Freq. of replacing in kingship, headship, etc. one who had the normal claim, before, in preference to, in place of : rogab F. righe ara belaib, RC xvii 233.32 (Tig.). gabais C. flaith ar belaib a athar, Ériu iii 142.4 . an crioch do ghabail for a belaibh `to snatch . . . the country away from him', Leb. Gab.(i) 226.5 . mar tugadh ceannas na slógh / ar bhéal Éibhir d'Éireamhón `to Ê. rather than to Ê.', Content. xvi 33. With verbs of coming, etc. do-tét indḟine ar beolu de(i)rbḟine `the ` indḟine' comes in front of (i.e. is preferred to) the `derbḟine', Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ( Laws iv 206.7 ). D. . . . do beith ag dol ar bélaibh a athar `attempted to depose', AFM vi 1891.1 . an tánaiste do theacht ar beulaibh mic tighearna an fhuinn `that the tanist takes precedence of', Keat. i 66.6 . dul fora mbelaibhsiomh `to anticipate them', Hugh Roe² 172.2 .

With FRI (RE) before, at, close to; on the point of : fri beolu báis on the point of death, Fél. 74.19 . cen bith ria mbeolu oc airiuc thuili dóib not to be close to them, Fing. R. 432. ag so anois an bás rem bhéal close to me, Dánta Gr. 63.15 . re béal a theachta don toigh `before its reception' (of the Blessed Eucharist), Dán Dé xviii 2 . cosg fiabhrasa re b.¤ mbáis, Studies 1919, 613 § 12 .

With I N- i mbeolu, i mbeól, i mb.¤ before : in bo boi 'na beola sin `that was in front of her', Dinds. 142.10 . a mbeol an dunaidh `in front of the fort', BNnÉ 187 § 27 . do-chífe bárc a mbeól chúain `in the harbour's mouth', Ériu ix 168 § 46. towards, to : do-bhir im béal teachtaire `He sends a messenger to fetch me', Aithd. D. 83.3 . sgath dealg 'na beol muna bheath `had not the thorn-points been in the way', 95.20 . over, across : seolais iarsin Brenainn . . . i mbéolu (a mbhél, v.l. , = for beluibh, Lism. L. 3590 ) in aiccéin iongantaigh, BNnÉ 97 § 5. Note also: ro herbad da oclach lais da chur i mbeolu na tuinne to cast it (an infant) upon the sea (?), LL 14623 ( ZCP xii 273.17 ). do chur a mb.¤ mara ┐ mor-fhairrge set adrift on the open sea, KMMisc. 313.13 . a mbēl na h-oibre at the beginning, ML² 1.15 . i mbeol airechtais at the very beginning of sovereignty (?), Ann. Conn. 1410.2 . ni ḟuil amuigh gidh seól síth / crích nach fuil a mbeól a bláith, IGT Decl. ex. 992 . i mbéal a tharbha do thoigheacht, Aithd. D. 25.4 .

With TAR: tar béolu out of : adre amach dar beolu in duin, Marco P. 23.

(b) Adverbial. With FOR (always with possessive) on the face, face downwards : for a mbeulu gl. prone, Ml. 131b6 . tairniud form béolu bend face downwards, LL 36766 = Goid. 180.10 = Fél.² cv 8. an corp bis ina rogad ar in talmain for a beolu, RC xv 491 § 31. tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `a trance fell upon him, as he lay on his face', Mon. Tall. 155.15 . (of a collapsing house) amal ro clóenad a thech conda tarla for a lethbeólu uli, LU 8382 ( FB 25 ). (of a cup) rohimpa iarum Patraic in copan fora beolu upside down (?), Anecd. iii 35.9 . b.¤ ar b.¤ , ó bé(o)l go b.¤ face to face : truagh gan sinne bel ar bel, TTebe xv 7 (scribe's note). (of a bird-decoration) ealta 's a mbeoil béal ar bhéal, Aithd. D. 9.7 . ag labhairt libh beul ar bheul (os ad os, 3 Joh. 14 ), Eochairsg. 15.30 . go labradh se riss ó b.¤ go b.¤ `face to face', ZCP xi 118.2 ( BCC 236 ). meic ollamhan Innsi Fáil / . . . / god choimhreic ó bheól go b.¤ `repeating thee from mouth to mouth' (i.e. the contents of a manuscript Gaelic Miscellany), Studies 1919, 440 § 12 . adeirid o bheol go beul they say so currently, Luc. Fid. 4088.

With IAR N- iar mbélaib (contrasted with iar cúlaib): i ngilfine iar mbelaib, amuil atá athair ┐ mac ┐ ua ┐ iarmua ┐ innua co cuicer; ┐ geilfini iar culaib .i. brathair thathar, ┐ mac co cuicer beos `in the direct line', Laws ii 160.z Comm.

(c) In fig. phrase do-ní a b.¤ re turns to, seeks help from : do-ghén . . . mo bh.¤ ré seabhcaibh Saxan `I will turn my face to', Studies 1924, 242 § 11 .

Note also: muna thí dhíom bas rem béal unless I can keep a guard on my lips, Dán Dé ix 4 . a-tá 'gan chol bas rem béal `raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With nouns. ¤braise: feib atféd mo bhélbraisi `eloquence', Leb. Cert.² 164 § 9. ¤deirge: beildeirge redness of lips, Prolegomena 43 § 26 . ¤étan: (of a charioteer) dara béletan mouth and forehead (?), LL 24905. ¤mod manner of speaking (?): caistidh ria bēlmod, ACL iii 307 § 28 ( Measgra Uí Chl. 153 ). ¤proicept traditional teaching, tradition : bēalphroceapta nó teagusg bheōil na n-absttal, Mac Aingil 5949 . béulphroicheapta asbaltha ┐ eagalsa, Desid. 4942. With vnn. ¤chengal: ar mbélcengal a mbeochréchtadh when their fresh wounds had been sewn up, Caithr. Thoirdh. 124.7 . ¤tuidme: fiacuil .i. fia figo . . . fiacuil didiu bēl-t. fastening for the mouth, O'Mulc. 507.

With adjj. ¤balb: do piastaibh bel-balba `dumb-mouthed', Ériu iii 164 § 20. ¤binn: longphort . . . bíthe bēilbhinn melodious (?), Butler Poems 556 and n. ¤blasta of excellent sound : (of `Gaedelg,' the language) in berla b.¤ bind, LL 17716. B. blaith belblasta well-spoken (of a hand-maid), BB 237a2 . ¤buide yellow-lipped : (of a famine-stricken appearance) ina n-ímágib b.¤ nochtḟiaclacha, LB 154b61 . In n. pr.: Eochaid Bēlbuidi, ZCP viii 274.1 . ¤chamm crooked-mouthed : la hUnchi mbrúachda mb.¤(-mall, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 98.6 . ¤cherr: in senBodb Barchi b.¤ `wry-mouthed', Metr. Dinds. iv 338.20 . ¤chert: mo dhaltán búilid béilchert `right-spoken', SG 190.7 . ¤chorcra crimson, red-lipped : belchorcra banamla detgela, TTebe 730 . ¤chráibhthech hypocritical : Content. vi 270. ¤chumang narrow-mouthed, having a narrow opening, entry : a crocan (leg. corcán ?) belchumang narrow-necked, Lia Fáil iii 122.20 ( 23 P 10 ³, 11b7 ). ar na bernadhaibh bélchumhgaibh, AFM v 164.22 . ¤derg red-lipped, red-mouthed (in good and bad sense): buriud berna Baidbi béldergi, LL 10872 ( = TBC-LL¹ 4024 ). na brithemain bēilderga `red-mouthed brehons' ( = severe in judgement ?), Ériu iii 30 § 7. cáinead in barrchais béilderg `the curly-headed red-lipped fellow', iv 216.20 . F. file m. Oengusa Bēlde[i]rg, ZCP viii 326.1 . ¤dub black-mouthed : comairge b.¤ becenech `a black-mouthed guarantor of small honour', Tec. Corm. § 33.2 . a curaig blaithe belduba `black-prowed', Ériu viii 10.36 . sgéala libh go báirc mbéalduibh `tidings to your black-decked barque', RC xlix 173 § 32. ¤ḟairsi(u)ng wide-mouthed, having a wide entrance : .l. bléide buabaill belḟairsiuṅg, LL 7292. ro cóirged bruidin brotla bélfairsing `wide-doored', Fianaig. 70.31 . ¤ḟota long-lipped : D. b.¤ , LL 354c64 . a mbíala belfhoda `wide-edged', Hugh Roe² 174.24 . ¤ginach: na trī badhbha bēl-ginacha three witches with gaping mouths, ML² 1585. ¤glicc: mo bhreath bheilghlic gan bhine `my skilled oral judgement', Keat. ii 1287. ¤lethan broad-doored : ós bruidin béllethoin, SG 230.24 . ¤lúath hasty of speech : 'ná bheith baoth beul-luath aig teagasg cách, De Imit. 13.24 . ¤maith: C. b.¤ `C. Fair-lips', Metr. Dinds. iii 324.11 . ¤mall slow of speech : la hU. mbruachdha mbelmhall, BB 365b37 . ¤remor thick-lipped, big-mouthed : belremur bolcsuilech, LU 8516 ( FB 37 ). badhbh béil-reamhar, TSh. 6623. ¤ṡalach foul-mouthed : Badb birach belsalach, RC xxiv 52.1 . ¤scaílte wide open; split open ; scattered : i mbrudin bronnḟarsing bélscailti, RC xiv 414 § 28. ina mbuidhnib bega bélsgāilte, Fianaig. 54.4 . (of a cast-up ship) go ndéantar blogha béal-sgaoilte dhi, TSh. 735. ¤tais with soft, moist lips : an chuideachta chuanna bhuadhach bheóltais (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 57 . ¤tana: go mbiailibh blathsnaoighte b.¤ `thin-edged battle-axes', AFM vi 2126.25 . ¤tirim: bérla breganta beoiltirm (spoken) with a dry mouth, O'Gr. Cat. 518.30. ¤trúag: na bid fri baisi ṁbeltrúaig poor-mouthed (?), SR 3890.

See béillic, bélaites, bélscál, bélscálán, bélscáth.

1 bolg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bolg or dil.ie/6347
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bolc, balg, bolg, balg, builg

n o, m. Also bolc, balg. bolg, balg (in duine ┐ an ghabhann) m., IGT Decl. § 69 , § 39 n. 12 . (n p. builg proscr. form, ex. 2022). See Ériu xi 138.

(a) bag, satchel ; sack : amal bolc gl. ut uter, Ml. 132c7 . ? b.¤ a graeco plocé (πλοκή, ed.) .i. copulatio (woven ?) sack (?), Corm. Y 203. b.¤ .i. tiagh leathair, O'Cl. nói mbuilc co n-inchaib órdaib (for harps), BDD 119. nī uīth cuit don m[n]āi sin (sc. woman of the cumalach class) i mbulg nach a criol i.e. did no physical labour, Cáin Ad. 2. do choimet in builc arbha, Lism. L. 4162. boilg lóin ` provision-sacks ', RC xiii 66 § 67 , cf. AFM ii 968.3 . b.¤ meich, Ériu iv 26 § 13. ingen do-cuirthear do c[h]ill i mbulg (of an abandoned child), Ir. Recht 6 § 7. mac builg foundling , Laws iii 64.26 . See Ir. Recht 7 n.1 . cenn i mb.¤ a state of ignorance. Ériu ii 98 § 1. mar chertli i fásbulg i.e. jumping about, unsecured, TBC-LL¹ 4386. quiver : [a] haonuolc no a henuogha doteilcthea na saitheda soighed, TTebe 3770 . See saigetbolc.

pn In nicknames: obsessio Builg luatha `Sack of Ashes', RC xvii 179.13 (Tig.). Domhnall . . . uí Dhalaigh da ngoirthi b.¤ an dana (i.e. `the budget of poetry', n.), AFM iv 780.11 . See soláthar.

(b) belly, stomach : i mbulcc na péisti (= venter, Gloss.), Aisl. Tond. 99 vii § 3 . ba mediter scabol tige a bolc fair (of the Dagdae), RC xii 86 § 92. biaidh ríachtanas ar bh.¤ = the belly shall want, Proverbs xiii 25. a mbolag, Donlevy 166.21 . mac Í Bhriain ar a bh.¤ `trampling on him', Content. xxvii 19. secht mba . . . go linn-bolgaib lachtmara udders, ML² 35. middle, centre :? no briste in gae ar bulg `on the centre (?),' RC xiii 454 § 48 (cf. gae bolga ?). ar bh.¤ na bearnan (of a battle) in the centre of the breach (?), Hackett² xliii 134.

(c) (smith's) bellows : bolc gl. follis, Sg. 37a2 . bolc sithe, 67a2 . airnissi in gobann . . .eter bulgu ┐ urddu, Rawl. 138a20 . mar sigemnaig builg oc berbad míanaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.30 (s.v. prúll). amal b.¤ ngobenn, Ériu xvi 38 § 6 = Laws i 72.17 Comm. samalta re bolgaib sidi icc seited (of exertions of warriors), CCath. 5869. duine non-erba dia chruth / . . . / is cosmail lem . . . / fri borrfad nō side builg, ZCP vi 267 § 9. Of a kind of monster or plague: da ttangatar tedmanna mora i nErinn uile … .i. an ghríbh ingnech, ┐ an bhuidhe Connuill, ┐ in bolccsighi, ┐ in gerrghar, ┐ in broicseach Locha Broicsighi, , Misc. Hag. Hib. 36 § 49 , 93 .

Of musical instruments: beola crot ┐ b.¤ ┐ buinne bagpipes , RC xii 108 § 163. anuas bid a b.¤ di suidiu (`concave wooden part, the box or sounding-board' of a harp, Contribb. 237 ), Hib. Min. 1.22 .

1 fulacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fulacht or dil.ie/24930

Forms: -aicht, -achta

n u, m. (cf. fulacht m. g s. -aicht and -achta, given under decl. of beandacht, but proscribed as a faulty form, IGT, Decl. § 25 ). The original sense is uncertain ; recess, cavity (?) ; cf. caide i nduine aitreibh an ghotha ? .i. i bfulachtaibh taoibh ┐ tromchridhe, Ériu xiii 36.5 . 24 . ceithre huide [an ghotha] .i. a f.¤ go druim, a druim go bruinne, a bruinne go braighe, a braighe go beola , 36 . im-foilge guth i bfulachtaibh taoibh, 37.21 (= i bfolachtaibh toib, O'Dav. 1094 ).

Freq. in the meaning cooking-pit, fireplace (usually out of doors, in a wood), hence also the act of cooking, esp. roasting or baking: co n-accai in fer ocond ḟulucht i mmedón ind feda ... oc funi in tuircc, LU 4948 . o ro ṡernad Noísi ... fulocht for feda fianchlar | millsiu cach biud ... | araralad mac U., LL 261a25 ( LMU 17 ). (in list of common rights in a territory :) f.¤ cacha chaille .i. in ni ara ndentar f.¤ isin caill .i. ind[i]uin (see indeóin), Laws v 482.26 (484.12) . ag ... for fulucht ... ag ... inbruithe `a calf ... to be roasted ... a calf ... to be boiled ii 252y ( SM Facs. 31a , ZCP xiv 355 ). triar oc dénam fulochta (in an `imda') LU 7658 ( BDD 123 ). (in an encampment :) do hordaigheadh aca ... a bhfeasa ┐ a bhfulachta `their feasts and their cookings' ML 76.13 (1079) . fianbotha folachta, Cog. 60. 10 . dogniat ... fianbotha f.¤ ┐ feolchombach, Hugh Roe 132.11 (f.35b) . eoin a doiribh ... | rosoichtís f.¤ Fénne, Acall. 732 . ainm in chiuil dignitis na fianae um an bf.¤ fiansae, Corm. Y 562 . saigid folachtai co tinntud uad dot tig (a journey permitted on Sunday) LB 204b40 = s. foluchta, Anecd. iii 22 . ce atagtha for fulochtu iarum conusnesta ina carnu `on cooking-hearths' Ériu ii 122 § 63 . cf. um Dheirg ... dar cheird ... falocht i bhfinnḟeadhaibh, DDána 83.21 . i fianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi (where the outlawed Earl of Desmond was captured in 1583) AFM v 1794.1 . cf. féarbhoth [fian-, Atk.] fhulachta ` cooking-booth ' TSh. 5946 (disparaging simile of the world). folach fiann .i. both folachta, Laws i 206.4 Comm. `inadh fulachta so', ar F., `┐ is cian o dorindedh'. `Is fír, ar C., `┐ f.¤ na Morrighna so, ┐ ní déntá gan uisci', Lism. L. xliii . fulacht na Morrigna in so .i. blogh di feoil huim ┐ araili di ḟeoil ḟonaithi ┐ mir n-immi irse ┐ ni legad a n-im ┐ ba fonaithi a n-om ┐ ni ba loiscthi an bruithi ┐ moale nobitis a triur for in mbir, YBL 419a12 . Cf Fulacht na Morrigna and so .i. crand a roth ┐ crand a mol edtir teine ┐ uisci ┐ iarand a corp ┐ da nai rethlen as an moil sin, etc. Celt. Rev. viii 74 . cf. also Triads 120 . isind crand fulucht fianachta `the appropriated tree' Laws i 206.12 Comm. (referring to : im crand ngabala bis i ndithrib, 202.2 ; leg. crand-fulacht or crand fulachta ?). oc fulucht draidechtae brewing magic potions RC xii 100 § 133 . dē en foulachtae the fumes of the concoction, ib. bidh e an t-ionadh ainglidhe | a mbia fian bān i foluc[h]t, BNnÉ 193 § 13 .

By extension, the contents of the pit, food cooked: ba do gessib Con C. cen adall fulachta dia chaithim, LL 120a 14 . dia mbad ḟulocht mór nobeth and ib. 18 . co mbert a f.¤ n-uadaib carried off the food they had cooked RC xxv 344.3 . ba ferr folacht Formáoile | tri cháoga damh ... um cháoga muc, Duan. F. i 15.11 . ollamh re fagháil fulachta (= praeparatis ad escam) TSh. 7996 .

In later times certain spots were popularly called fulachta Fian (na bhF.) : do bhíodh do mhéid na dteinnte-se go bhfuilid a láithreacha dubhloiscthe i mórán d'áitibh i nÉirinn aniú ┐ is diobh ghairmid na criadhaireadha Fulacht Fian, Keat. ii 5113 .

The phrase FOR F.¤ camping ; in hiding is perhaps another extension : Ri dochoid fecht for folocht | ... diaro chind Iudas in mbrath | dia mbui i nGlind Iosofath, SR 7737 (hardly a ref. to the Last Supper, as suggested Duan. F. iii . More probably to Gethsemane). But a commoner word for this is folachta, q.v.

líath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. líath or dil.ie/30139
Last Revised: 2013

o, ā

I As adj. grey .

(a) Of persons, grey-haired, aged : Ronán l.¤ Roiss Uanni, Fél. Apr. 30 . laech l.¤ mór, Sc.M² 13. itconnarcc senoir mor liath, PH 1490 . riglach liat[h] (.i. seanoir), ACL iii 30.2 (= Trip.² 2475 ). in láech l.¤ , LL 2228.

(b) Of the hair, beard grey: ulcha liatha leo . . . .i. oland l.¤ ro ceṅglad dia smechaib, LL 329e26 .i. ulliu léith leo issin chath, 29 ( ZCP xiii 318.1 ). tomm liath hi cert-medón a édain, PH 7270 . ulcha . . . ┐ uathad finda liath inne, 1968 . an ceann liath, Proverbs xvi 31 . fear na gruáige léithe, Deuteronomy xxxii 25 . déana coimhéirghe rés an gceann liath, TSh. 8546.

(c) Other applications: etuch dub ┐ fobuidhe ┐ liath, Laws i 148.3 Comm . i n-aibíd mhánaig leith Cistercian, ALC i 366.25 . gur bho derg dá ḟuil ┐ gur bo liath dá n-inchind, TBC-LL¹ 6046 . bid liath cechtar fathar do inchinn a cheile, BNnÉ 303.16 . at liatha do shúile, MacCongl. 93.12 . ech l.¤ , LU 8659 ( FB 49 ). golgaire in luin lēith, ZCP vii 310 § 7 (= luin duibh, Reeves Ad. 274 ). datha na ngaeth . . . buidhe ┐ derg, dub ┐ liath, Laws i 26.x Comm . faoi drúcht liath, Oss. iv 216.6 . sioc l.¤ , Job xxxviii 29 . aráin a lóin uile tirim ┐ l.¤ , Joshua ix 5 . muc ogham inso . . . finn (b) liath (l), Auraic. 5669 . dathogam. aicme bethi .i. ban, liath, 5698 . a beith ranocht is roliath (of anocht error), 2070 . (cryptic) loiscia .i. liath (? leg. lia), Goid. 77 § 163 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

Superl.: rói-dhearca lóghmhara is léithe lí, Keat. Poems 100.

II As subst.

(a) in pl. old men, veterans : do rat a óclaecha i medón an chatha ┐ do rat a liatha fá deoid, SG 321.37 . oc faicsin na liath do letradh, 321.z . mairg nach riaraig a líathu, ZCP vii 298.18 . nī caistide (leg. coistide) fri liatu (: fiachu), xiii 264.3 . is mairg lenus do liathu, LL 307b23 ( SG 387.35 ). rolensat na léith Lothor `greybeards', Metr. Dinds. iv 52.124 . beid ogmna cen dergadh, / bud fergach a liatha, ZCP x 50 § 18.

(b) Various other applications: in liath ┐ in chiar itir in uidir ┐ in cirdub bit (of winds), Laws i 28.2 Comm . da doighli liath léna in magh, radfia su cadhan go leth crane(?), ZCP viii 550.18 = x 280.10 = inn iall én, TBC-LL¹ 1832. Of disease in sheep fluke, rot(?): liath ┐ uthud do caoirib, O'Curry 1103 ( H 3.18 p. 447a ). liath ┐ ufadh do chaorchaib, O'Curry 297 ( H 3.18 163 ).

(c) As n.pr. Léim an Leith, BNnÉ 255.1 . in L.¤ Macha (Cú Chulainn's horse), LU 8575 ( FB 43 ). da acallaim ind Leith, LL 13813 ( RC iii 175.12 ). Carcar ind Léith i mbái in Liath, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.68 . do tig Midir i mBrig Leith i Teathbai, TE² 2 . Liath na trí mbenn `the grey one of the three antlers' (of stag), SG 115.2 ( Acall. 936 ). is e in Foelcú sein dorigne in curach do C[h]olum Cille .i. in Liathmbaile (leg. Liath mBaile), ZCP viii 298.18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. ¤boccóit: l. fair .i. a sciath, TBC-LL¹ 5404 . ¤gae: líáthga mór . . . na láim, TBC-LL¹ 5390 . liathgha .i. ga léothach, O'Cl. liathgai fria ais, IT, ii2 243.3 . ¤lus, common as plant name, see Hog. Luibhl. lus fillocealla .i. liathlus, ACL i 333 § 19 . crocus ecolicanus liathlus, 335 § 70 . liathlus locha savin, Irish Texts v 6.31 . adiantos politricus .i. liathlus mor, ACL i 330 § 10 . asarum ┐ abrotanum .i. liathlus na tragha, ACL i 334 § 56 . auricula muris .i. an liathlus beag, 23 K 42, 367.3 . ¤muine `grey brake or thicket, tormentil,' Hog. Luibhl. In place-names see Hog. Onom. ¤nuimhir `large (hoary) number' (Gloss.), Hackett xxxix 15 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤chrúaid: lebenna liathcrúaidi cotata `grey hard stiff benches', Hib. Min. 66.17 . ¤garmnach see garmnach. ¤glas: trí monga liath-ghlasa . . . forra `grey-blue', ML 118.z . ¤lomda grey and bare : a lecní liathlomdai, IT iii 99.13 . ¤luimnech grey-cloaked (?): cailleach . . . liathluimneach, ZCP v 22 § 8 . ¤odar dark-grey: trí bruitt . . . liathodra . . . impu, MU² 606.

(c) ¤enech grey-faced , used as subst. and n.pr. or nickname: cirp lep liath ennech / luath loschlaen (gripp lep líathainech, v.l.), IT iii 14 § 30 . ní con facca beola eich, amail beola in liathánuigh .i. in Liath Macha, O'D. 1208 ( H 2.15A, 83a ), cf. am beolu inliathanaigh / nochonaca beolu eich, IT iii 68 § 7. Murchadh Liathanach, AFM ii 898.24 . Tadg mac an Liathanaigh, 1098.19

srem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. srem or dil.ie/38782
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: sram

n (see Ling. Val. Ir. Ann. 127 . Cf. sreim). Also sram. a discharge from the eyes or mouth : iomdha sream ar a súilibh | treall ón bhféinnidh, TD 34.18 . uisge na hailime do cur ar na súilibh ┐ icaidh a srama, 23 K 42, 348.13 . bit sr[ama tirma] air = lippa sicca, Rosa Angl. 80.1 . Eogan Srem .i. sreng bai ina beola nó 'na rosc, Cóir Anm.² i 85 § 24 . sram 'gum; mucous, discharge; rheum, slaver, slime', FGB .

tairthím

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairthím or dil.ie/39816

Forms: tuirthime, toirrchim, terthaim

n [? n, n.]. vn. of taortaim, q.v. ( to—air—tuit—, KZ xlvi 155 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 657 ). g s. tuirthime, O'Dav. 1516. toirrchim, ā, f., IGT Decl. § 13 (66.11) . Also m. (with g s. = n s.), § 113 . ? Cf. terthaim (: Cremthaind), YBL 125b20 .

(a) a falling asleep, fit of sleep, slumber, usually with foll. qualifying gen. suain or codalta: cotailsiu sin bic ... do thromthortim cotulta, LU 6310 = TBC-LL¹ 2466 . toilis a thromth.¤ fair, TBC-LL¹ 3289 . ro thuit a torrthaim suain ┐ cotalta forro, Acall. 3394 . ó tharla 'na shuaintoirchim (sic leg.), Ériu i 18.28 .

(b) sleep, slumber (without following gen.): toirthim = codlad (B. na f.), ZCP viii 558 . tuirthim .i. tam, Lec. Gl. 425 . cen tomailt ┐ can toirt[h]im, ZCP viii 102.14 . ach ach as tind ar toirrthimm, LB 105 marg. inf. baoghal dá dtí an toirrthim `perilous if slumber come,' Dán Dé xii 3 . guala Colmáin ... | na rob' toirchim dún `may it not dull our devotion,' perh. leg. nar ob that never refused us rest, Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 13 (in a list of relics). tocbais an ti Ruadhan a toirrchim dhe (dhi, MS.) `R. awoke her' (Plummer MS. notes), BNnÉ 319 § 15 . ní thig ... toirrchim ar mo shuilibh, BS 132.22 . Metaph. ar thoirrthim Sléibhe Si-óin, Dán Dé xi 9 . Cf. toirrchim dheiridh an domhain, DDána 57.7 . tangadar isin sliabh uile gan toirrthim without rest (?), ALC i 300.21 .

(c) numbness, stupor, death: in tsoilsi ... can t.¤ ce[n] turbrúd, LU 2467 . dolluid iarum taurthim fair for a beola `a numbness came upon his lips,' Ériu ii 222.30 = tolduid iarum taurtaim fair fora beolu `then a trance fell upon him as he lay on his face,' Mon. Tall. 155.15 . Ailech Néit ní tréic tre th.¤ Ailech Imchill `loses not through oblivion the name of A.I.', Metr. Dinds. iv 106.68 . tuirthim .i. bas, ut est cia dech rath saer rath le Féni ad tuirthime docum comarba .i. linad sét iar n-ecaib na flatha dochum na comarba, O'Dav. 1516. taurthaim bass chele las mbi, H 3.18, 393a ( O'Curry 875 ). atbath borg tromm Temra | la t.¤ a flathe, Fél. Prol. 166 . torrthaim ┐ tupaist, Acall. 3307 , ` accident ,' SG ii 186 . tenn ┐ toirrthim na tosga sin failure (of an expedition on an unpropitious day), ML² 1059.

tinnsaitin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tinnsaitin or dil.ie/40904
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tinnsaidsin

vn of do-insaim (cf. tinsanad) act of dripping, spilling, shedding: cuirp na curad ic tindsaitin a fola, TBC-LL¹ 685 . in tinsaitin úalli `das Triefen von Übermuth,' TFerbe 305 . co n-a sróin ... ic tinsaitin dar a béola , MacCongl. 124.31 . uair in drochta donid in Dagda ní anad de thinsaitin, LL 159b1 = tinnsaidsin, Dinds. §11 . in tóescach ┐ in tinsaitin na fola, RC xiii 456.24 . forsatu forlain .i. firthinnsaitin aneich bes fora lan isin chundrud, Cóic Con. 19 § 11 . fuil do thindsadin ina tigh, H 3.18, 158 ( O'Curry 288 ). cuic seoit a testin fola ... .i. ... a tinnsaitin na fola, H 3.17, col. 592 ( O'D. 829 ). t.¤ da buinde, log enech inn, H 3.18, 243a ( O'Curry 456 ). coimde fri t.¤, t.¤ da buinde, buftad oc fleid, Nero A vii, fo. 154a ( O'D. 2230 ). coimde fri tinnsite, O'Dav. 371. ? gabuidh do laim tindsatain a coda do denam, Laws iv 74.14 , 17 Comm. (? for tinnscana or tinnscetal).

Cf. do bhadar sreabha fola ag tionnsaighin chuip F.D. ar C.C., ZCP x 297.10 . is mor an tionnsoighin fola foil fort, 11 . tugatar-son tindsaidin dá tromarmaib a n-éinfecht ar an áirsidh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 115.18 .