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bét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bét or dil.ie/5770

 

Forms: béd, -a

n u, m. béd m. g s. -a, IGT Decl. § 95.

(a) deed, us. in unfavourable sense deed of violence, crime, misdeed, injury: bēt a betula (.i. uirgo sine custodia interpretatur) .i. ōg scēlach amnārech et inde dicitur duine bētach , Corm. Y 178 (cf. petulo, petulans, petulcus ?). bet a betula (.i. virgini siue cusdos) .i. ara minci pudrae do mnāibh, O'Mulc. 144. Eōin bicc baile .i. pōic ┐ meirtrech Eoin baili .i. bet ┐ mebul, nó póc ┐ pudhair, ZCP viii 107 n.4 . béd .i. gniomh, O'Cl. co ndernasom b.¤ ( béit, TBC-I¹ 486 ) n-aile played another prank (?), LU 4975. a bēta its achievements (of Ireland), Ériu iv 162 § 26. D. cen b.¤ cen bine / fuair éc `without violence or crime', Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 37. (of a spear-cast) nocon fetur sochla set / in buaid dorignius no in bet `unlucky deed' (Vocab. SC2), LU 3861. dorigenæ atech a tigh ind ríg bet mar (i.e. broke the king's precious cup), Vita Br. 32. cia bet asrubart whatever foolish thing I (may) have said, 30 . nāch bēt (: éc; beth, MS.) dot c[h]ēill cāiniudh geōidh? is it not an offence to thy sense ? Fianaig. 42.2 . ar mbeta .i. ar pecctha, Thes. ii 351.31 (Hy. vi Comm.). riasiu tecma bet no pudar, 46 . In cheville: ro bo béad `'twas wrong', Magauran 621 .

(b) Also in passive sense misfortune, calamity, loss, sorrow: a Brigit, bennach ar sét / nachar táir b.¤ ar ar cúairt (`evil', RC xiii 116 § 161 ), LL 39211. fa b.¤ in ní dorónad lá déidhinach in chatha .i. a badadh Caeil, Acall. 833. gé dorat brón is béd di, SG 68.35 . In cheville: anba an béd, IGT Decl. ex. 1075.

Compds. bétbríathrach `hurtful in word', Cóir Anm. 263. bétblaid mbrath, SG 84.43 . beim bedgnimach bais, ZCP vi 275.12 . béd-leomhan hero , Ériu ix 4.23 . [gár] bheag a bhéad-daoire dhí (viz. to Ireland), A. Ó Dálaigh liii 4.

bétach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bétach or dil.ie/5771

 

Forms: béadach

adj o, ā (bét) doughty, valorous, etc., but usually in unfavourable sense violent; wanton, shameless (usually alliterating): ro glacc in mBanba mbétaig `B. of fierce feats', Arch. Hib. ii 83 § 15. ba iar n-ár na cúan créchtach / ruc leiss a búar ṁbán ṁbetach `won by exploits' (Gloss.), Metr. Dinds. iii 108.22 ( LL 21 325 ). duine bētach , Corm. Y 178. pecadh b.¤ , Anecd. i 62.4 . for bith bētach bōeth `evil', KMMisc. 272.5 . bás Bethi dia báis betaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.15 . béadach ` insolent ', Content. ii 12.

1 bith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bith or dil.ie/5971
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: inb, betho, beotho, betha, biuth, bithu, bithe, mbetha, bethaib

n u, m. GOI §§ 73 , 307 . n s. an b.¤ , Blathm. 245. a s. inb, Wb. 22b13 . g s. betho, 1a3 , 14b10 , 29a8 , 31b18 , Ml. 16c5 , 54a15 , 88a3 , beotho, Wb. 11a19 . betha, 15d9 . Ml. 46d6 , 68b9 . d s. biuth, Wb. 12c16 , Ml. 24b13 . a p. bithu, Wb. 4c4 . bithe, Beatha Bharra 62.111 , BNnÉ 7 § 23 . g p. mbetha, LU 2001 ( FA 6 ). d p. bethaib, Imr. Brain 26. b.¤ m. (acht gan illradh aige), IGT Decl. § 71.

I

(a) the world: isin biuthso gl. in hoc mundo, Wb. 12d4 . isin mb.¤-sa gl. in hunc mundum, 29b14 . is dered ṁbetho inso `this is the end of the world', 10b3 . fon mb.¤ `throughout the world', Thes. ii 334.4 (Hy. v). do thustin an betha, Ériu ii 98 § 1. tuigithir blath inb.¤ `blossom covers the world', Ériu xxii 41 § 4 (MS). ad-comaicc a erball do thochur in beatha tar a cheann (of Leviathan), BDD² 503. no sirfed . . . in m[b]ith mbras, LU 3554 ( SCC 29 ). céin boí in díliu forsin b.¤ (for b.¤ v.l.), Airne F. 76. in b.-sa is b.¤ cáich ar n-uair `this world belongs to each (generation) in turn', Ériu ix 48 § 22. m'ænur dolod forsin mb.¤ `alone I came into the world', ii 56 § 14 . da mad he in b.¤ uli dogebtha, PH 7581. timcheall an betha `round the world', TTebe 4471 . cech noeb . . . bias / for b.¤ barrglass broenach, Gorm. 250 Ep. § 1 . báidhtir an bioth, DDána 26.16 . do lucht an bheatha, TSh. 7645. Freq. in phr. fir betha inhabitants (men) of the world, mankind, people: fir betho, Ml. 16c5 . di ḟeraib Hérenn nach di feraib betha, BDD² 917.

Often in theolog. sense the (temporal or material) world as opposed to the spiritual one: ó deithidin in betho .i. ó sétchi, Wb. 10b15 . amal ro mbo marb Ísu don biuthso `dead to this world', 15b25 . ní car Brigit būadach b.¤ , Thes. ii 327.13 (Hy. v.). mo chlūasa / . . . / nār ēistet . . . / . . . for b.¤ bētach the shameless world, ZCP vi 259 § 3. docotar . . . fri tola in betho `to worldly desires', Wb. 29d8 . See 1 cé.

(b) land, territory, soil: urcollud b.¤ brug betha go banna .i. uasal-collud for in mb.¤ .i. for in tír, O'Dav. 312. dobeir in ṁblicht isin ṁb.¤ , Ériu ix 50 § 37. bid íatt bus mesa / dūibh for b.¤ Banba, ZCP viii 110. 31 . lachttrom dúibh an bioth `the land', Magauran 354 .

(c) existence, life: i ndiththrub in beotho `in the desert of Life', Wb. 11a19 . ná ragad ar cúlu . . . co bruinni mbrātha ┐ betha, TBC-I¹ 1834. báire an bheatha `life's game', Dán Dé vii 3 . ar táille an bheatha i n-a mbíod span of life, xxiii 25 . Note also: amal aipgitir in betha `the alphabet of the fauna', Auraic. 5600.

In ds. in phrases ar-beir, airbert, comairbert biuth, see these words.

In phr. isin b.¤ , for (ar) b.¤ in the world, in existence; hence developing to anywhere, at all; (follg. a noun) any, whatsoever, see also s.v. 1 cía; freq. follg. a noun in neg. sentences nothing, no(one) at all: can co rabur acht oenlá . . . ar b.¤ but one day alive, TBC-LL¹ 1112. baterc for b.¤ mnai a samail for chóemi scarcely anywhere was there to be found, PH 830. na Ulltach eli for b.¤ `or any Ultonian', MR 38.16 . imad dérchointe . . . ┐ cecha eccumsanta for b.¤ of every unrest whatsoever, PH 4314. a bpéin budh mó san mbioth `in the greatest possible pain' (Gloss.), Desid. 1440. gibé ar bioth ní whatever , 593 . ni chumaic tra nech for b.¤ (isin b.¤ frecnairc-sea, LU 1996 ) tuaruscbail . . . na n-oirecht sin, FA 6 (LB). nac fitir a chuphus for (ar v.l.) b.¤ cidh no biadh doib donn orgain, Anecd. ii 49 § 11. nach béradh aen troigh teichid . . . ar comha ar b.¤ , Cog. 252.18 = ar coma sa b.¤ , 186.10 . ní háil leam . . . obair ar bioth shaoghaltha, Desid. 2511. ní fhuil ar bioth eascairde aguinne as mó, 478 . Note also: ba lōr a onōraighi . . . ar b.¤, dia madh rī no-biadh ann grand . . . enough indeed for a king, Fl. Earls 46.z . ar b.¤ any, Eg. Gl. 707. nom-bera ar bith at all events, RC xxiv 60 § 19. tar gach mbioth ` everywhere ', BS 30.22 . See McCaughey, SGS xii 30 - 33 .

II Age, period (see GOI § 365 ): is hé in b.¤ dédenach diand ebrath b.¤ sīl Chuind ┐ Muman ind [ḟ]laith co bráth, ZCP viii 313.30 . b.¤ cc. rob. ccl. a `bith' is 200 years, a `robith' 250, O'Curry 21 (H.3.18, 9b). o rosaigh co dechnemur is ann is ro b.¤ , 20 (ibid.) ? ic turc[a]bail na mbithó, Lism. L. 760. In phr. isna (tre, tria) bithu for ever: is dia bendachthe isna bithu gl. benedictus in secula, Wb. 4c4 . tria bithu na mbetha (Lat. per saecula saeculorum), LU 2001 ( FA 6 ). tre bithu betha (= in saecula), Lat. Lives 2 § 2. noco techtai sruth intí ná eissi acht lán tre bithu (= semper), 29 § 23. ro hedhbhradh dó hí trí bithe 'was surrendered up to him in perpetuity', Beatha Bharra 62.111 ​​​​. anaid hi sist ┐ hi ccairdes tre bithe, BNnÉ 7 § 23​ . piana ... o nach ternaife tré bíthe, Aisl. Tond. xiii 3 . See sír.

Compds. (freq. bid- in Wb., but cf. bith- 3b4, 3b7, 24a17). Only in meaning lasting, permanent, perpetual (later also as intensive and/or alliterative prefix). Cf. b.¤ .i. sir, Corm. Y 126 n. 8 . nad etsa bas b.¤ , ACC 98 (indep. use of bith ever , Misc. Hib. 50 § 366 ).

With adjj.: ag Tegh Moling biothainglighi ` ever-angelic ', BS 80.y . an ógh bithálainn bennaighthe `beauteous', BNnÉ 275 § 254 . robo bith-buaghlach (? -báoglach) bailedhach buadhartha, O'Dav. 297. act bid bidbéo gl. non moritur, Wb. 3b2 . is bithbeo corp crist, 3b4 . bad bithbíi i n-ísu, 3b7 . totchurethar bíi bithbi (rhetoric), LU 10027. teine bithbéo ` perpetual ' (Vocab.), Críth G. 180. a bhó bhithbhliocht always rich in milk (of Mary), Aithd. D. 97.27 . fear biothcaithmheach ` constantly-spending ', AFM v 1424.26 . nipsa bla bithdilis (b.¤ diles, v.ll.) inalienable , Anecd. ii 60.6 . it bithdommai sidi dǽ gente gl. inopes, Ml. 36c14 . bithḟotai sidi gl. uocalibus semper longuis, Sg. 5b 1 . bithgairddi gl. perpetuo breues, Sg. 5a14 . scieth bithghel, TBC St. 4561. Ol ṅguala .i. dabach Geirg, for lár in tige bithlán ` ever-full ', Ériu iv 30.25 . Brigit bé bithmaith `ever excellent', Thes. ii 323.1 (Hy. iv). a cind secht mbliadan mbithmas, ZCP v 23 § 4 . no-meilinn léini mbithnuí, Lament 2 . combi bidslán ` ever-sound ', Wb. 4d33 . cen soinmigi ┐ doinmigi do tecmung . . . acht robu bithsóinmech doib, Ml. 90c27 . for pianad bithsuthin `in the everlasting punishment', Ml. 26d12 .

With nouns: .iiii. bliadna pennite ┐ bith-ailithre (= cum peregrinatione perenni), Ériu vii 144 § 21. beannacht ┐ bithbheannacht perpetual blessing, DDána 120.31 . bithbés troiscta `continual fasting', Mon. Tall. 161.1 . uita aeterna .i. . . . bid bidbethu, Wb. 4a13 . immin bidbethid, 15c14 . i mbithchāin `as a perpetual law', Cáin Ad. 28. bithchen do thíchtu, MU² 58. comalta ┐ fer bithchotaig dam, LU 6007 (TBC). mnā do uhith i mbithdōire in perpetual bondage, Cáin Ad. 16. bithfer fíta na riaglae one who keeps to the prescribed ration, Mon. Tall. 151.24 . donfé don bithflaith `eternal kingdom', Thes. ii 325.16 (Hy. iv). do bithgres always, SR 4912. ní dúthrais a bithingnais `his perpetual absence', Thes. ii 291.10 . [i m]bithphennit, Wb. 24a17 . bidserc doib gl. inseruerunt sé doloribus multis, Wb. 29b23 .

With vnn. doarngert bithanad isin chill sin, RC xxiv 56 § 17. bhithbeith gan forcenn i fudhomhnuibh pian, Ériu ii 122 § 63. biddixnugud fírinne `eternal existence', Wb. 14c31 . bidfoglim doib gl. semper discentes, 30c15 . in bithiata hi robaid riam `of the perpetual closure', Ml. 46a8 . ba ferr lim dobertha oldaas a bithtarṅgire than to be constantly promised, Mór M. 262 § 1.6 .

With vbs. ( GOI § 384 ): ro-bithbéo it pardus `may I be for ever', Fél. Ep. 39. faithchi i mbithbiat caírig `in which there are always' (Vocab.), Críth G. 198. in Coimde robhithbhai ┐ bhithbias, Ériu ii 106 § 19. ? is fris con bith bennaib búredar (= bith-buireadar co mbennaib, ed., 105 n.43), ZCP xi 87 § 48. a Chrīosd, bhiothmhairios ad th'airdrígh, Parrth. Anma 4827.

? tétu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? tétu or dil.ie/40658
Last Revised: 2013

 

n t lust (?) Celtica iii 318 : fria thoil tétad (: bétach) wanton desire Immrama 64 § 101 = tetath, Anecd. i 62 § 101 .