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aigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigid or dil.ie/933
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -ebla-, ro-da-acht, acta, egar, ægtair, eigid, áin, aige, aiged

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ). Fut. stem -ebla-, see GOI p. 403 . t-pret. ro-da-acht, LL 201a37 . (See ZCP xxviii 11 ). Pass. pl. acta, ZCP iii 46.2 . The follg. forms may be influenced by saigid: indic. pres. pass. sg. egar, Laws ii 128.1 Comm. pl. ægtair, LL 11455 . ?3 pl. act. ni eigid (for -agat, Thurn. but context seems to require 3 s.), ZCP xiii 264.4 and note. Conjunct forms in this vb. could also belong to ad-aig which has no prototonic formations. See also Language xvi 209 .

Vn. áin, aige, aiged.

(a) drives, impels: ēiti agathar (agatair, LU) . . . cichi aig, TBC-I¹ 1081 . scéo damaib ágat scéo mnaib berat, LU 5468 = agad, TBC-I¹ 992 . mná bertair bae ægtair, TBC-LL¹ 4722 . is cú airgdech aiges / is carptech glan geibes, 3328 . cid dás in ríg nad aig eochu as a tír, SG 411.6 . dia n-acht na hercca Iuchba, ZCP iii 41.24 . athgabail egar tar crich, airm in agar . . ., Laws ii 128.1 Comm. aig brot for in n-echraid ┐ sneid slaitt forru ply a goad, LL 12742 . acta fri alla argait `they were driven against . . .', ZCP iii 46.2 . a mu Buach / aiges in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.19 . aigthi (atchi v.l) in cath for feraib Muman he gains a battle over the M., RC xxiv 184.9 . cuirther cath / bha chossaib aráile / ebhlatt ar réim, TBC-LL¹ 5747 = eblait a réim, 5842 . cia doneidis cronan coir / ni eigid doib a fiachu it does not drive in their debts to them (of old men), ZCP xiii 264.4 (see above under forms). uig in gabair n-uidir `drive the dun horse', RC ix 466.21 (but see uic) ? With cogn. acc. ilmuine ana aiges, Laws ii 72.8 .

(b) celebrates (games, rites etc.): is ē eblas in aige `it is he who shall celebrate the celebration', Ériu xvi 147.3 . cluche . . . aigdit fri fín n-imborbag, Imr. Brain § 41 . agar Tailltin gin cairpi (imthiagor . . . chairpte, v.l.) let T. be held, ZCP xiii 278.22. is céte óenaig agair, Metr. Dinds. iii 270.9 . agait grafaind they hold a horse-race, Anecd. i 54.28 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 . agat clesamnaig perform, LU 3242 ( SCC § 3 ); cf. aghaid .i. áonaighid no bíd go subhach, O'Cl. Of funeral rites: rocuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea co n-agtais a hāenach, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). cladar a ḟert ┐ sāitir a liaa . . . ┐ aghair a gubae, TBC-I¹ 1231 . roacht a guba ┐ a nasadh la Lug, BB 403a35 . līnfaid caumu (= cuma grief ?) chridi a rigna, tuidicfaid eblaid a samgubae, TBC-I¹ 3450 . ro hagad a ceapog ┐ a cluíchi caenteach ┐ ro-saigidh a lía, BB 259a38 .

(c) raises (a cry etc.): ar écnairc ind rígsa / frisnagar an núallsa, Fél. Ep. 406 . ard a nuall / aiges im Choire da Ruad, Anecd. i 12.25 . ro acht in cloch a torand oc teacht suas, YBL 121b24 .

(d) prosecutes, performs; sets going: roacht marbad in L. `L.'s murder was brought about', ZCP iii 2 § 1 . na da err eblait ēcht ar ēcht who will perform exploit on exploit, Sc.M² § 15 . Cú na cerda boí hi cacht chró / ed rosnacht oc sár-gubo `this it was that set them wailing', Metr. Dinds. iv 220.6 . d'aigh . . . aca nincrechad began to rebuke them, SG 30.15 . ba hóglaochrad . . . achtatar an chomairli sin .i. aisic a chreiche . . . do M. who urged that advice, Anecd. ii 73.1 . cachain in druí détla / cétla imda oraib / sund in cach amm agair `as it is told here at all times', Metr. Dinds. iv 214.51 . pleads (at law): æ aiges, æ mides `ae that sues', Auraic. 408 . Note also: aigh .i. iaraigh, Stowe Gl. 217 . aid .i. iarraid, Lec. Gl. 416 .

(e) a.¤ imm gathers around, surrounds: agait mór a maccáin / imm Ultan . . ., Fél. Sept. 4 . cenmotha dano in gilla urdairc imma n-agat fir Herend .i. Cuchullain, Ériu iv 28 § 20 . coica sémech immi agtait, LL 4980 .

(f) spends time: d'aig innti an aidchi sin, SG 30.33 .

(g) In phrase aig taig see 1 taig.

1 apach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 apach or dil.ie/3857
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: apaigi, abbaige, abach

n o, [n.] n p. apaigi, Rawl. 74a29 etc. g p. abbaige, LL 242a12 . abach, TTebe 4786 . ? Vn. formation from *ad-bong-. Cf. LEIA (abach).

(a) corpse, remains: anad acinn a.¤ treththoll-sa Thid, TTebe 3462 . ro tog-si araile aenabach fencbel, CCath. 4098 . d'iarraid apaigh (apaicch v.l.) mairb eiccin, 4085 . na habaighi ┐ na cuirp cirrthi, 2133 . ro lobhsatt apaighe (apaicche v.l.) na n-echradh, 3483 . cnamha a n-apaige, 3972 . do corpaib rig ┐ d'apaighib saerchlann, 4013 . imad na n-apaigi .i. cuirp na fírcharut, LB 155b13 . guba na con . . . ac urnuidhi áir ┐ abaige, Celt. Rev. ii 310.21 . na huili adhlucud do oslucud ┐ a n-abaidhi do thecht go anorach `their dead will come forth', RC xxviii 314 § 17 . Compd. ¤-thrúag: arracht adbalcrom aighedhghorm abachtruagh . . . énchaillighi pitiful and corpselike(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.9 .

(b) entrails (cf. 2 fobach): a mboi d'abach ┐ d'ionathar, TBC St. 914 . uchtclar a carpait rea bruinde ag congbháil a apaigh ┐ a inathair and, 3541 . daise do for n-apaigib, BDD² 863 . gur leig a habach ┐ a hionathur uile amach, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1049 . do tairrngedh sé a a.¤ ┐ a inathar ass, Stair Erc. 2512 . gur bha lán an t-iomaire dá chrú ┐ dá abach ┐ dá bhréanionathar, PCT 523 . Perh. also: rotheas ana corpaib ┐ romet abaic inntib conach fagbad (sic) a toil acht ac mnaib a comcineoil, YBL 85b3 .

Either meaning would suit: la dethaig na n-apaigi 'ca loscudh, LL 404b22 . la drochthuth . . . na coland ic lobad ┐ la dethaig na n-apaige, TTr.² 1049 . do eirigh detach . . . dona abaichibh troga, Aisl. Tond. 97 § vi .

Cf. apaig.

armgrith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. armgrith or dil.ie/50042
Last Revised: 2019

n u, m. (arm + 1 grith) clashing of arms; clashing: foceird armgrith mór arrígthech la sodain, ocus rocrithnaigset ind láith gaile, LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). fochertar armgrith mór leó, TBC-I² 589 = fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . collotar i n-armgrith bha rennaib a sleg ┐ a faebor 'so dass sie in Waffenaufruhr geriethen unter die Spitzen ihrer Speere und ihrer Waffen', TBC-LL¹ 5004 . fochartatar grith (focerd airmgrith, v.l.) immi, co mbátar for lár in tige, BDD 109 . armgrith na n-arm ┐ na n-airechra ica n-imlúad, LL 236a20 ( TTr. 1422 ).

bruinne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruinne or dil.ie/7117

Forms: bruinnech, bruinde

n io, m. (1 brú). Note g p. bruinnech, CCath. 5937. bruinde m., IGT Decl. § 2.

(a) Used in sg. and pl. in sense of breast(s), bosom, chest: for a bruindib .i. suis mammillis , Corm. 7. don bruinde gl. pectus, Gild. Lor. 200. b.¤ .i. cliabh, Ériu xiii 66 § 65. figor in bruinni `of the breast' (in symbolism of particles of the Host), Thes. ii 255.6 (Stowe M.). bís tar bruinniu ógae gl. uirgo fasciae pectoralis, Ml. 144c7 . beim a [ar, MS] bruindi `striking of the breast', Ériu xix 60 § 11. tara bruinde tara gnuis / tabradh airdhe cruiche Críst, i 193 § 3b = tar a broinde, ZCP vii 310 § 2. cech duine etc. is a bél ban (of the asa b.¤ monstrous posterity of Ham), Rawl. 76a48 (see Carney, Studies in Ir. Literature and History 109.20). la tabairt forgoba inna bruinni, LU 4369. donnochtat (sc. bantrocht) a mbruinni friss, 5199 (TBC). a ciche nochta ┐ a mbruinde (mothers lamenting), PH 394. do chuir lámh fá n-a bhroinne bhá(i)n `hoary breast', Ériu i 28.19 . brunni gabra D., LU 9684. urchur . . . co m-bói i m-bruinnib in fhir, RC xiv 243.7 . an bruinde mílla is maith dath `bosom', Ériu iv 218 § 24. don mhac shaor do bhí ar do bh.¤ (to the Cross), DDána 2.15 . Fig. Tailtiu bruine oenaig ain, LL 1008. osna gaoithe go n-duibhe b.¤ , Hard. ii 190.15 .

Note also: b.¤ .i. brod, ut est, b.¤ désghér ina láimh an armful , Ériu xiii 65 § 56.

(b) Less freq. in sense of 1 brú: nonbur cloindi . . . no dus beridh si gacha bliadna . . . do mac E. . . . o bruindi, BB 257b32 . cor torrach Muire mātha[i]r / . . . / Gabrial re bruindi nīr ben, ACL iii 244 § 12 ` womb ', Aithd. D. 49.12 . Iossa Crīst ar n-a duiniugadh . . . a mb.¤ na naomh-óighe, Fl. Earls 150.27 .

(c) In extended application front; centre, surface (?); brink; limit: co m-bruinde di carrmogal (priestly raiment), ZCP xxx 107.8 (Alex.). iaich Berba b.¤ `salmon of Barrow's bosom', RC xiii 46 § 29. d'iascc oc irsnamh na b.¤ depths (?) (of river), Anecd. ii 23 § 1. tar bruindi a lunga `the bow of her boat', Dinds. 81 (cf. 1 braine). co mbetis a mbruindi for tir ` prows ', Aen. 2432. a mbruinnedha (braineda, v.l.) i n-inadhaibh a n-errais, CCath. 1959. a bruinnibh bechlann from the interior (?), AFM vi 2224.3 . cos bruinde front foot (?), O'Mulc. 246.

Prec. by prepp. of position, etc. d'a brunnib from (in front of) it, Metr. Dinds. ii 80.11 . cissi daoire . . . acht ani rosiass diar mbruindib-ne in our presence (?), ACL iii 326.22 . gan lón do bheith fa a mbruinnibh before them, DDána 20.22 . for bruinnib Emna Mache on the confines of E., Corp. Gen. 282.25 , ZCP viii 217.13 . delc narcuid isin brot ara bruindib in front of him (?), TBC-I¹ 3367. fer for a bruinnib `one (dwarf) on his breast' (`breasts', Ériu xvi 38 § 4 ), Laws i 72.4 . for a brunni-si, Fing. R. 194. ar b.¤ slóigh, DDána 110.34 . ar bhruinnibh Th., Keat. ii 4584. cros dé bí . . . / ra b.¤ cach uilc fó thrí against every evil, SG 390.9 . fal fri bruinde in fir amuigh a bar against the man outside (plaintiff) (in recovery of possession), Laws v 500.15 Comm. re bruinnib a m-bidhbhad `in fronting their enemies', MR 154.3 . os b.¤ in Braga above (?) the B., MacCarthy 184 § 1 .

Of time: fri bruinni naenaig ar uin `at the approach of a fair-day', Laws i 202.22 Comm. ar chind ḟogamair / fri b.¤ buana, Leb. Cert.² 1078. ré bruinnibh báis at the very moment of death, TSh. 6188. With follg. gs. betha, brátha: for bruinnib betha in the world, Fél. June 29 . co bruinni mbratha ┐ betha till the day of doom, LU 6348 (TBC). fri bruinni mbratha, Rawl. 69a13 .

In n. pr. for banais Eoin bruinde, Ériu ii 200.5 . Eoin maith b.¤ `J. the loved disciple', Ó Bruad. ii 194.8 .

Compds. ceōla fer mbrundederg of the redbreasted robins, K. and H. 24. D. bruindi-gel ban, H 3.18, 730.26 .

See bruinnechor.

1 búaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 búaid or dil.ie/7221
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: boid, mbuaid, boad, bód, búadach, mbuáid, būed, buade, buada, -mbuadhe, buaidi, ṁbúada, ṁbúade, buáith, bōaidh, búada, búada, búada, bhúaidhe, buada, búadae, búade, mbúadaib, búadh, búaidh, búadha, buaidhe, buada, buadha, buadchind

n i, n., perh. earlier ā, f. Arch. boid gl. (ad) bravium (sic leg.), Wb. 24a16 (a prima manu). n s. a mbuaid , Ml. 43b7 (gl. triumphus). b.¤ , Fél. Oct. 12. b.¤ nIóib, May 11 . boad, Corp. Gen. 7.3 . bód (buaid, MS : óg), Ériu xxii 42 § 10 (earliest form ? Cf. búadach, 50 n. 10). a s. a mbuáid , Wb. 11a6 . būed, ZCP xii 234 § 47. g s. buade, Wb. 24a17 (cf. GOI § 301 ). buada (: -chūala), Thes. ii 349.7 (Hy.v). -mbuadhe (: huaighe), Blathm. 418 , buaidi, 625 . ṁbúada (: Chlúana), Fél. Prol. 183. ṁbúade, June 5 . d s. don buáith , Wb. 11a7 . d a s. fo bōaidh , ZCP x 45.22 . n a p. búada, LU 10184. na tri búada , 6893 (BDD). teóra búada , 6407 (TBC), buada, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 438 § 1 . bhúaidhe, IGT Decl. ex. 126. buada, Fél. p. 156.12 . g p. búadae, Fél. Mar. 12. búade, May 3 . d p. co mbúadaib , Jan. 27. búadh m. g s. n p. búaidh, búadha, IGT Decl. § 38 (88.6) . g s. buaidhe, Donlevy 402.14 .

(a) victory, triumph: buaidh `victory', Eg. Gl. 64. buáid et indocbál domsa, Wb. 30d13 . a mbuáid inna mmíled talmande, 11a10 . is óinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . ní ba unus gebas a mbuáid huáibsi, 11a6 . di buaid inna mbabelóndae, Ml. 115d9 . amal runucad buáid diib `as victory had been won over them', Ml. 104a8 . Cf. IT i 72.10 ( LMU 8 ). aní atreba b.¤ no molad gl. palmarium, Sg. 35a10 . iar ṁb. ┐ coscur, Fél. Ep. 23. b.¤ Maicc Dé dia námait, Feb. 15. PH 4900. cach buaid fri hU Neill, Lat. Lives 81 .z . do ruc buaidh na coimhlinga, Feis Tighe Chonáin 994. seoid ┐ maine . . . log a mbuada, TTebe 24651 . buaidh cogaidh, Stair Erc. 2130. buaidh cáigh ar Laighnibh the Laigin conquered all, LBranach 2427 . Eagluis na mBuadh Church Triumphant, Eochairsg. 73.12 .

With follg. defining gen. esp. in religious contexts victory, palm, crown, etc. (of martyrdom, penitent's death, etc.): iar ṁbuaidh ega is aitrighe, BB 59a4 . īar mbūaidh mbrethamhnuis, ZCP viii 213 § 64. dochotar buaid martra, LB 220a51 . Cf. PH 6520. b.¤ n-ailithre `the prize of pilgrimage ', Ir. Review 1912, 250 § 19 . birt būaidh [n]-eccna (Colum Cille), ZCP viii 197 § 6. Cf. iar mbreith bhuadha ó dhomhan ┐ ó dhemhan, AFM ii 982.7 . do bhean buadh, Aithd. D. 95.29 .

(b) special quality or attribute, gift, virtue (see Jn. Celt. Stud. i 98-104 ; the positive equivalent of geis, LEIA B-107 ); pre-eminence, excellence; prerogative; with follg. gen. us. the choicest, best: buaidh .i. toga, O'Dav. 223. buaidh .i. maith, ut est buaidh innsgi anaib great courtesy is the most excellent thing in speech, 199 . b.¤ precepte `the gift of teaching', Wb. 27c20 . dom-berthar b.¤ lére the gift of fervour, zeal, Fél. Prol. 3. būada in betha `Herrlichkeilen', Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1912, 438 § 1 . má bód / mBreg mbras, Ériu xxii 42 § 10. biaid b.¤ láech ┐ chleirech huait co bráth (i.e. you will produce the best of warriors and clerics), Trip.² 1071. is buaid laech, is fo in fer atacualamar, Hib. Min. 72.31 . itāat trī būada formsa .i. būaid roisc, ┐ indtliuchta ┐ airdmesa accomplishments , TBC-I¹ 298. búada imda . . . . a gáes . . . b.¤ clessamnachta. buaid mbúanfaig . . . buaid n-airdmiusa, LU 10153. buaid do gal, do gart, do gaisced, do gen fāilte fri cach n-óen, Fing. R. 497. a Loegairi . . . a b.¤ n-óc nUlad, LU 8111 ( FB 8 ). fuil buaid clérig . . . / for gruaid Ailig, LL 21937. aill do buadaib Duind Ch. and-so .i. coica samaisce no daired cach lái, TBC-LL¹ 1529. bha b.¤ caintaisceda a treasured possession (a sword), 5957 . bratt bommannach co mb.¤ cach datha thariss with quality, LL 11944. b.¤ fir bí `the noblest living man' (of Colum Cille), Metr. Dinds. ii 40.20 . rob lir buada beannachtan / ar do ṡíl, Leb. Cert.² 174.132 . `tarrais buaid focail fair ┐ n-anma' (i.e. you have named him well), Acall. 5533. a buaid na mban o flower of women, ML² 736. seacht n-urgarta rígh Temruch . . . A sheacht mbúadho .i. íascc Bóinne, fíadh Luibnighe . . . entitlements (?), PRIA liv (1951) 8.6 . na gessa sin ┐ na buada, BB 267b3 . gur coilled a gesa ┐ gur brised a buada `(Cúchulainn vit) que ses interdits avaient été violés et que ses vertus étaient anéanties´ Comp. CC 81 § 13 (Aided Con Culainn) , LEIA B-107 . Cf. BB 267 b 3 above. .iii. buadae laechdachtae .i. fessae, toglae, tānae, O'Mulc. 526. a c[h]lérig, . . . mac . . . meic beōiri būaid mbainde, MacCongl. 33.17 . buaid ndibeirge an unsurpassed outrage, Prolegomena 29 n. a guidhe is blagh dá buadhaibh (of the Cross) `one of the blessings', Aithd. D. 88.12 .

(c) good, advantage, profit, benefit: nocon fetur . . . / in buaid dorignius no in bet, LU 3861 ( SCC 38 ). noca nedh(a) sin is buaid ann Suibni do dul ar geltacht, acht ar facaib do scelaib ┐ do laidhib dia eis, Laws iii 88.5 Comm. cía buaid duinne tadall in sídasa ?, Dinds. 65 ( LL 22557 ). ba ferr b.¤ a n-anocail oldás b.¤ a ṅgona, BDD² 953 - 4 . is hē a mbūaid (of alms), ACL iii 319 § 73. d'ḟéachain buadh na saobh-ṡroth `seeing the good of those wild floods', Content. xxx 29. fri buaig da cach duil, Ériu ii 124 § 75.

Attrib. g s victorious, triumphal; pre-eminent, outstanding; precious: adrad Maicc Dé dán búada `victorious art!' Thes. ii 349.7 (Hy. v). ? cethracha blíadan co mbáig / ṁbúadai lan ríaglach tria rím, Ériu vii 228 § 68. dobert bendacht ṁbúade/ for epscop Erc, Fél. Nov. 2. ech buada , 156.11 ` valuable ', Laws i 230.z. cuairt buadha `a triumphant visit', Ériu iv 112 § 1 . an ghein brigmar bhúadha, Duan. F. ii xlv 2 (` gifted '). feacht buadha `a triumphant progress' (i.e. death), BNnÉ 287.1 . Eoin buadha Baiste, Celt. Rev. x 133. 17 . cloch bhuaidhe ` gem ', Rel. Celt. ii 234.27 . líog buadha, TD 41.17 . aimsear bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1347. ? Predic. g s. nir buada a athig mé / i mbethaidh maic D. (said by the widow of mac D. to a churl who wishes to force her to be his wife), D IV 2, 53 vb 20 .

In salutation: att-re buaidh ┐ bennachtain, Grail 2981 . beir buaidh ┐ beannachtain, Feis Tighe Chonáin 205.

Freq. in chevilles: b.¤ suthain, Fél. Nov. 28.

In phr. co mb.¤ (búadaib) (freq. a cheville): gein co mbúadaib, Fél. Jan. 27 (`with victories'). mac Māil co mbuaidh, ML² 1292. béra in memrum fá buaidh, ZCP ii 225.2 . bheith fa bhuaidh nó bheith slán, DDána 46.31 . orusa dhamh dul fa bhuaidh `I am likely to win', PBocht 18.5 . Goill re céd mblíadhan fa bhúaidh victorious , IGT Decl. ex. 333.

Compds. With nouns: tre būadail `durch einen siegreichen Stein', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 21 § 1 .i. ail bauda (sic), v.l. add. atbath iar ṁbuadail co mblaid, Rawl. 164a24 . buadhall .i. all buadhach no halla buadach ` all-victorious ', O'Cl. buadharg .i. láoch buadhach, ib. Mag nItha tes Brí buadchind (attrib. g s.), LL 554. ro marbsat in ṁbuadching bil, 15667 . corn na mbuadh-chloch precious stones, A. Ó Dálaigh ix 3. búadfocol an ro radis you've hit the nail on the head (?), LU 10060. .u.c. bliadna buadgaire, BB 357b13 = bith-glaine, Metr. Dinds. ii 50.12 . buadgein buagnige, IT iii 247.115 . bethir borb būaidgniad, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 17. buaidliae (sic leg.) gl. lapis uictoriae, Sg. 15b11 . buadliae, Sg. 113a2 . buadremmend ind Léith Macha `victorious courses', RC iii 181.37 ( LL 14055 ). bar hEirc Buadaig buaidrī, Corp. Gen. 9.15 . Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18 § 21 . With n. pr. bri buad-Cuinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 62.7 . is C. dligetar / arróet caincomram búadErcoil, LU 8950 ( FB 71 ).

With adj.: Búaidbeó (n. pr.), Fél. Nov. 17. circi Bairci na mbuadgarg (subst.), BB 399a43 .

With adj. derived from noun: Buadgalach (n. pr.), LL 11519 (TBC).

See 1 cath, 1 il.

cethramthu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cethramthu or dil.ie/8929

Forms: cethraimthe, cethraime, cethrama, cethruman, cethraimhe

n n, f. (cethramad). Later cethraimthe, cethraime, cethrama (somet. uninfl.). cethratta, Críth G. 127 v.l. cethruman, Laws ii 398.18 . cethramha, IGT Decl. § 9 . cethraimhe (with optional dental infl. in pl.), § 3 . quarter, fourth part .

(a) teora huara cecha cethramthan di gl. quatuor partes noctis, Ml. 95d8 . teora cethramdin huare gl. dodrante, BCr. 25c1 . ind lethbargin ┐ ind cethramtu, Mon. Tall. 151.z . a tri a ceathramthu (of number 12), Auraic. 1448 = cethraime, 3059 . cethrumthu bairgine, Anecd. i 7.24 ( SCano 224 ). in tan rancutar cethrumthi in t-srotha when they were a quarter of the way across, Alex. 679 . maille cethramhuin úaire, RSClára 82a . cethraime fer n-Erenn, RC xvii 416.18 (Tig.). teora cethraimthi fer n-Erenn, xii 426 § 10 . don cethraimthi, § 12 . teora cethramthana (n p.), LL 2027 . nisfuicfe achtmad cethramthain, LB 242b85 ( MS. Mat. 633 ). in c.¤ thérna d'ḟeraib rige [hE.], LL 2034 . ceatrame do dhainibh, BB 37b15 .

(b) Freq. in legal contexts of portions of penalties, produce, etc.: lan ┐ leth, trian ┐ c.¤ , Laws i 258.z . sellach dosli cethramthain feich, 242.3 . ailid cethramthain a thoraid, iv 194.3 . teora cethramna, v 320.22 . t[ri] colp[ta] trín ┐ da cholpthaigh cethraimhe worth (liable for?) one fourth, Ériu xiii 45.13 . cethruimthi ratha, Laws iii 328.16 Comm.

(c) Of the quartered human body: roptís do renga rigthi ┐ do chetramain scaílte ricfaitís úaim dochom in dúnaid your torn limbs, LU 5660 ( TBC-I¹ 1183 ). na n-ágib minta ┐ na cethramthanaib fodalta, TBC-LL¹ 2979 . dorónadh cethramhna comhroinnte díobh they were quartered, AFM v 1676.12 . Note also: do bhúail mé ar mo cheathramhuin = thigh, Jeremiah xxxi 19 . tairfeith, ceathramhan, sliasad, Eg. Gl. 577 .

(d) Of animals: cethraime na muici no da cois na muici fo braghait, Sc.M² 18 R . ní bha bruithi . . . in mucc co indistar fir cacha ceatramhan dí, BB 262b5 . ceathramha deiridh . . . an ceathramha deiridh eile . . . ceathramha cind . . . in ceathramha eile, Feis Tighe Chonáin 553 . an madra agá mbíonn saoid sáighte 'na cheathramhuin, Párl. na mB. 1787 .

(e) part; district, quarter ; name of a measure of land (see Stud. Celt. i 15 , Manners and Customs i 153 ): isin ceathromain deisceartaig don tig, Ériu v 232.5 . c.¤ Tighi Midchuarta, YBL 419ax . an chethraimhe fa nesa di don chathraigh, AFM vi 2012.18 . dá cheathramhuin féin = to his quarter, Isaiah xlvii 15 . deich mba cacha cethraman, Metr. Dinds. iii 310.104 `quarter of land', Gloss. go ceathramhain Bhaile Bhiataigh, ML 110.2 . See Hog. Onom. Note also: do fhaguibh a mhuinntir ar chethramh san bhaile sin `left his men quartered in that town', Rel. Celt. ii 204.35 . gan cethramh do thabhairt do dhuine ar bioth to spare no one, 194.31 .

(f) As measure of quantity, weight, etc.: deich fichit leathuṅga . . . ┐ deich fichit cethramthan, TBC-I¹ 2231 . ceath- ruma co leit do siucra, Rosa Angl. 312.x . cethramthi n-ōil o cach aithech, Irish Texts i 19 § 5 .

(g) Metr. fourth part of a quatrain, line (see IT iii 128 ): for deriud na cetramthan tusighe, 26.24 . ín ceathramtana mor m̅c Adhumnain so sis, 92 § 139 (see p. 159). sé sillæba ina cethramnaib (of the metre rinnaird), Fél.² vii 11 . amail is cuibhdi comfada a ceathramuna, IGT Metr. Faults § 13 .

(h) In Laws appar. period of four days (cf. cethramad ?): a dligid for cethraimthain, Laws i 144.25 .i. ceithri laithe aicenta, 146.22 Comm. i forba na tri cethraman `the thrice four days', 148.14 Comm. apadh teora cethruimthe, 80.z Comm. dithim cethraman `a delay in pound of four days', 148.y Comm. dia cethraime `on the fourth day', z Comm. Cf. use of cuiced at Laws v 408.3

2 clos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 clos or dil.ie/9598

v in phr. ba, -bud, fa c(h). Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. development of ro clos pret.pass.sg. of ro-cluinethar q.v. dobudh ch.¤ a macalla a n-innsibh . . . na g[c]ríoch, RC xxix 130 § 39 . gur bha clos a néalaibh nimhe na húrlaíghe sin, CF Eg. 236 . go mbadh ch.¤ fá imchian an bhaile í, Oss. iii 196.15 . an tan fá c.¤ do Cholum Chille . . . cruinniughadh na comhdhála soin `when C. heard of . . .', Keat. iii 1314 . ba c.¤ go himchian . . . siosmurnach ┐ siosdán . . . , PCT 485 . bá c.¤ an comhrádh sin eaturra uile, 505 .

con-scara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-scara or dil.ie/12293
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cosc(a)r-, -comscar-, conscuire, -coscairther, —cosgarthar, -coscram, con-scarat, -coscairthea, coscair, condascara, -comscara, -ad-, chonscarad, -coscrad, -comscarad, conscéra, conscera, cotscéra, caiscērthar, conscerad, cotascrais, con scar, -comscar, conascar, conscaradh, conascrad, cotascrith, conascarsat, coscar, coscrad, coscarthae

v (* com-scar-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 614 ). Prot. -cosc(a)r- and -comscar-. Indic. pres. 3 s. c.¤ , ZCP xi 87 § 49 . O'Dav. 477 . LB 12az . ? conscuire, O'Curry 383 ( H 3.18, 216a ). Pass. -coscairther, Auraic. 1174 = —cosgarthar, 4270 . 1 p. -coscram, Wb. 2b20 . 3 p. con-scarat, Tec. Corm. 16.96 . Impf. 3 s. pass. -coscairthea, TBC-LL² 3347 . Ipv. 2 s. coscair, TBC-LL² 3486 . Subj. pres. 3 s. condascara, Trip.² 2509 . -comscara, Otia ii 96 § 27 . With -ad-: ma chon ascrae, O'Curry 801 ( H 3.18, 371b ). Impf. 3 s. chonscarad, Ml. 23b14 . -coscrad, Wb. 10c1 . -comscarad, Blathm. 92 § 10 . fut. 3 s. conscéra, Wb. 26a8 . LU 10035 . conscera, Ml. 56d6 . BB 212a49 . cotscéra, Airne F. 236 ( Anecd. ii 7.24 ). Cf. codescarfa, LU 5567 . Pass. caiscērthar, ZCP viii 207.33 . Condit. 3 s. conscerad, LL 354e6 . Pret. and perf. (with -ad-) 2 s. (with inf. pron.) cotascrais, Ml. 91b12 . 3 s. con scar, Blathm. 92 § 8 . TBC-I¹ 3606 . -comscar, Ml. 91c9 . AU i 366.13 . conascar, LL 12784 . Anecd. iii 25.12 . Pass. conscaradh, IT iii 191.13 . conascrad, Wb. 21b15 . ? cotascrith, TBC-I¹ 3423 (rhet.). 3 p. conascarsat, Ml. 87b22 . In later meanings (b) and (c) coscraid. IGT Verbs §§ 45 , 46 .

Vn. coscar, coscrad (incl. -airt). Part. coscarthae.

(a) destroys, breaks, knocks down, scatters : conascrad . . . in maceries ro bói eter Dia et duine, Wb. 21b15 . mór in chairdine dorignis friu . . . ┐ cotascrais iarum, Ml. 91b12 . conscera gl. distituet, 56d6 . ar ná coscrad in deseircc ṁbráthardi, Wb. 10c1 . incomscar Dia són acairde gl. utrum . . . pacta . . . desoluta, Ml. 91c9 . conscéra rect núiadnissi, Wb. 26a8 . bha ferr do ni comhsgarad / caine maic ind righ, Blathm. 92 § 10 . conscarat nád rothinólat (of women), Tec. Corm. 16.96 . con- dascara `splits', TBC-LL² 3987 . an Rig mair isa cumhachta dascara conscarfa an mbith, Ériu ii 136 § 122 . con-scértar renna nime 'the stars of heaven will be scattered', SR (Greene) 8152 .

(b) kills, hacks, dismembers; slaughters : ro choscair macc Maire `has destroyed them', RC xxiii 316.10 . coscrais L. in laeg, BB 252b30 . romarb . . . in mart . . . ┐ rocoscair, Anecd. i 46.10 . anuair chaisgerthar an bó `when the cow is cut up', Ériu iii 160 § 13 . rocosccradh in bratan oc in clérech, RC xxvii 284 § 40 .

(c) separates (from): sreba, srúama sruthacha, | con-scēraiter fri fairge 'streams, running rivers will separate from the sea', SR 8139 . co comscara Dīa dínn a m-bruth, Otia ii 96 § 27 . gur chosgair a cheann dá choluinn, CRR² 36 .

(d) In class. verse with obj. céill, scél, etc. exposes, declares, tells : géar uaim go gcoisgéar a chéill (of story of death of the Baptist), PBocht 27.20 (see note). geibh é ┐ casgair mo chéill, IGT Verbs ex. 405 . a gcoisgéar `what I shall set forth', PBocht 11A.8 . faoiside chuil / go ceart gidh cia (sic leg.) do chaisgéaradh should anyone make full confession of a sin, Dán Dé xxx 5 . ó do chosgrais . . . / ar fhéadabhair do rádh, Content. x 4 .

1 cres

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cres or dil.ie/12868

adj [o, ā] expld. as narrow, slender, restricted : ced leth . . . / coslafe mo bachlach cress, Auraic. 5365 ( LL 5172 ) = cosluidfea mo cobhlach creas `narrow fleet', 1603 ( BB 328b39 ). ? domidiur de / secht cachtu cíchsidi crissu `slender', Corm. Trans. 110.9 cited O'Dav. 345 . nī bo c.¤ nach cinēl duit `in want', Fianaig. 16.8 . nirbu c.¤ coicne / coimchnis brāithre, Corp. Gen. 4.17 . cuig bha gach natha nada c.¤ , Ériu xiii 27.8 = cuig ba . . na dicress, Laws v 62.24 Comm. .i. caol, O'Dav. 476 . creas .i. cumhang, O'Cl. dún Cermna nad chress celar, LL 2151 . In a variety of chevilles: nad-chres, SR 1191 . 3059 . 3529 . luadh nad creas, ZCP xiv 161.6 . clú nad cress, Metr. Dinds. iv 92.15 . slicht nad chress, Hib. Min. 40.9 . Inber Cíchmaine, cid cress `though it be narrow', Metr. Dinds. iv 176.1 . Duma nEirc, ní haichde cress `no narrow work', i 46.21 cited as c.¤ .i. cumung ut est duma nEirc, ni haighi c.¤ , O'Curry 1177 ( H 3.18, 467 ).

As subst.: crothsait cress ṁbodbae `sie erschütterten ein Kriegsgedränge', Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.23 . feruid in coil imma cress / a mes `around its narrowness', K. and H. 9 .

3 dál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 dál or dil.ie/14346
Last Revised: 2013

n The forms below belong properly to 2 dál Ériu xxxi 146 . dáil .i. moille no cáirde; gan dáil immediately P. O'C. Wb. 13 b 13 : is gnáth inso dond óis glicc dolléicet forru in dáil ┐ fobenat iarum inna deud ...co mbi remib rethith iarum; 'they let the crowd catch up on them,' LOIG 266 . don cách is dail treisi (= anad treisi, 1. 3 ), Laws i 156. 4 . doberar dál treisi do, O'D. Supplem. atlathar dal, Laws ii 130. 19 . cach dail (n sg.) téchta, ib. 130. 20 . forlaim ndála, 130. 21 . baes inna mbretheman nád inmedatar a ndalai dligidh, 130. 17 . cid arnach for daluib dligid ata cetharslicht indiu, 130. 15 . ná bí ic hildálaib, SR 1698 . ellamh .i. a láim ┐ ní for dáil, Corm. Tr. 67 . cath can chardi dó can dáil, RC ii 90. 26 . nír bo chuman lass dal a daltai inna díaid, LU 60 b 23 . dobérthar dal di, IT i 145. 12 . óndiu cotí domnach ní ba dál bha sía, TBC-LL¹ 3103 . bid dál ḟota hí ní ba dál dar aiss, LL 307 a 10 . mairg dorat in dáil dorat, 307 b 19 . dobérad bó dó acht coro-leigad dail impi. Adbert in taitheach noleicfeadh dail, Anecd. i 46. 2 . tugthar dál go maidin don chime seo, Craos-d. 37. 4 f.b. Followed by cen: dál commatain cen crochad don tróg út, LB 214 b 64 . dál damsa cen mastúd, Bor. 49 . tabair dáil dam fadechtsa cen maimsiugud, PH 4886 . tabair dáil don eclais cena hingréim, ib. 4887 . (For na dála dédencha, ib. 6602 , see 2 dál IV.) issé ná tabrad dáil do neoch...gin agra fóchétóir, Cóir Anm. 88 . —COMPD. attáil, LL 147 a 53 . faddáil, TSh. 5405 . —Probably identical with 2 dál.

drúchtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drúchtach or dil.ie/18845

adj o,ā (drúcht) dewy, dripping (with moisture or blood): fogmar trom-d.¤ torthech, Tec. Corm. § 36.5 . fót d.¤ dondscathach, ACL iii 238 § 5 . bhá chlár mBanbha mbraondh.¤ , 3 C 13, 784.10 . míond.¤ , 639.12 . gai laiss . . . foriarnd fair dubderg, d.¤ `dripping', BDD § 87 .

In n.pr. Derg D.¤

(a) Of a horse: Conall cernach forsin deirg druchtaig, RC iii 183.30 . dofeccai secha a gabuir .i. in deirg ndruchtaig, LL 122b11 .

(b) Of Colum Cille's boat: dia risad port . . . in Derg D.¤ , ZCP vii 309.23 .

éccert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccert or dil.ie/19400

n o, m. (earlier n. ?)

I Wrong, injustice : dligedh iar n-indligedh, cert iar n-eciurt, Laws i 254.12 . as edh romucc as mo riocht | a mhéd ro bhá for ecciort the greatness of my wrong-doing BS 38z . an t-éigcert doní tú ag buain re cuid duine eili, Mac Aingil 262 . a éigcearta féin his own iniquities Proverbs v 22 . lucht oibrighthe an éigceirt the workers of iniquity x 29 . Attrib. gen. adj wrong; irregular: cáoladh ceirt. a....mur so : lámh, don láimh. a cáoladh éigceirt...mur so: mac, meic, IGT, Introd. § 14 . tús gníomh n-éigceirt, Content. xviii 4 .

adj II Wrong, injust : a p. breitheamain ecerta ifirnd, TTebe 1661 . ré linn breitheamhnais éigceirt do dhéanamh, Keat. ii 3660 . don duine éigceart = homini iniusto TSh. 1123 . ré fearann d'fhágbháil agá gcloinn féin go héigceart i n-aghaidh thoile Dé, 3547 .

eccim ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eccim ? or dil.ie/19407

adj at-chondairc sí cruth ┐ comdelb, heccim ┐ écosc, timthach ┐ arm ┐ erriud...cach miled fo leith LL 221a5 = TTr. 280 . Cf. cindas na hecgmi na taicgme bhá tecat Ulaid isin tulaig, TBC-LL¹ 5164 . sochraid indas ind eícmi ┐ inn airm ┐ inn eirrid, LL 231ax = TTr. 1041 ( = indas in toichmi, TTr.² 498 . LL 402b23 ). Cf. LL 236b1 , cited under éicne (end of art.).

2 eng

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 eng or dil.ie/20079

Forms: eang

n f.

(a) a portion of surface, an angle, strip, patch , esp. a piece or strip of cloth, etc. , eang `a patch or piece, a gusset or gore ,' P. O'C. : in t-étach gebechda .i. na panga breca no na heanga breaca, O'Dav. 1056 . Here perhaps: ráith na n-eng n-álaind of splendid tapestries (?) Metr. Dinds. iv 112.72 . amillum ┐ sarcacolla do cumusc... ┐ a cur ar eing lín (directions for a poultice) 23 K 42, 351.4 . ní gann míola ann gach eang dá éadach, Tribes of Irel. 66.16 . um cheann uama na n-eang sróill, TD 29.16 . Esp. banner, sail: bréid síd-eingi (síta + eng) ar slios do luingi IGT, Introd. 24.5 ; Decl. ex. 504 . luaithealta os cennuibh cháich | d'enguibh suaithenta senṡnáith, TD ii 212 z . lenuigh-si an leómhan buighe | an eing [sic leg.] uaine órdhuidhe [sic leg.], Rel. Celt. ii 296.10 . See Measgra D., p. 250 .

(b) a piece of land, a district, territory, country: Feradach find...ercad cach n-ing co n-ilgráin, LL 132a5 . eang thíre d'Éirinn agaibh, TD ii 236.38 . an eang ṡíthe ó Chruachain... | go bruachaibh chríche Coruinn, TD 13.21 . gach eang bha-ḟionnmhagh Íle, 24.6 . isin eing toir tuaidh do Tir Conaill, AFM v 1848.19 . nech do chosain an eng iathgharbh baí occa co ro écc, vi 2240.7 . d'ḟiannaibh einge Ḟéidhlim (i.e. Ireland), Ó Bruad. iii 120w . Cf. oineach óir is eang `bestowing goods and lands' ii 152.10 . Of sea: eang nuaidi mín don mall-muir | fá Thír n-uaine nAmalgaid, Hy Fiach. 294 .

fasc, fásc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fasc, fásc or dil.ie/21338
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: foasc, faiscc, fasc

n o, m. foasc, Laws iv 106.9 (see Ériu ix 33 ).

(a) In Laws a notice, information (given out): cia doberadh a fasc iardain though she gave notice subsequently (of a rape) Laws v 274.15 . Esp. notice that distrained cattle are in a pound (see RC vii 25.8 . Ériu ix 33 ): tain, fasc, forus `driving, notice, and pound' Laws i 264z . fuadach, comde, forus, fasc ... 266.11 . nocu ructar a fascc till notice of it has been served 302.1 Comm . más inddetbirus fodera don fechemuin ... can fasc na hathgabala do breith, 300 x Comm . ma [sic leg.] romeatha a fasc forsin fer cuibnighter `if the man who has impounded has failed to give notice' iv 106.11 . frithsrethar fasc frithslicht, i 268.11 (cf. gurab fasc frithslicht 288.16 ). g s. do breth a faiscc , ii 72.16 Comm . i nemmbreth in faiscc, i 300z. Comm .

(b) transf. a pound for cattle: fasc .i. gobang, Lec. Gl. 351 . Stowe Gl. 369 . fasc `a fetter or shackle ... an enclosure ... for cattle, ... a jail or prison' P. O'C. a bha ... a chapaill ar f.¤ impounded Ó Bruad. i 84 . By extension, a covert, glade (?): fairge is f.¤ is feorluibhe ` coverts ', Ó Bruad. iii 78 .

Cf. next.

fáscud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáscud or dil.ie/21340

Forms: fásgadh

n u, m. (vn. of fáiscid) fásgadh, IGT, Verbs § 71 . pressing, squeezing, wringing: fascud a faisce, on grinde, Corm. Y 623 . gabesi ind crecht eitir a dí mer ┐ fecais for a fáscud, Mon. Tall. § 61 . go mbiodh [an iodh] ag fáscadh ar a bhrághaid, Keat. ii 3662 . fascadh na ngrápuigheadh grape-pressing Levit. xxvi 5 . fásgadh na sróna, Proverbs xxx 32 . ar na ḟásgadh ris dó embracing him Acts xx 10 . fasgadh seirce a loving embrace Parrth. Anma 396.17 . g s. go ham fáisce no [sic] ngrápuigheadh, Levit. xxvi 5 . Compressing, concentrating: do na leigheasaibh folmaighios na leanna ag fásgadh which purge the humours by compression O'Gr. Cat. 176.11 . do bhá fuil Eoghain ... sárḟuil Chuinn ... iar bhfascadh thriotsa `condensed in thee' Ó Bruad. i 56 . Fig. le haon-ḟásgadh n-uasal do thabhairt do[d] chroidhe by bracing up your courage Mac Aingil 159.7 .

Compd.: ba ferrda an fasccud-tarraincc dobert cach for araile dib `the grasping and dragging' CCath. 2949 .

fo-ceird

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ceird or dil.ie/22405
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: focertiti, fotcicher, nimchicher, -cuirethar, -la, focress, focreasa, fosci[u]rtsa, focheirt, fodosceirdi, foscerdi, foceirt, faceird, focheird, foceird, focertam, fuchertat, focherdat, focerdat, foscerdded, focherded, fochertitís, focerdaitis, fuscerdam, foncerddam, foceirr, foceirr, facherred, focher[r]ad, fochichur, —foíchur, -cichiur, focicherr, fotcicher, chiuchra, —foicher, focichret, foscichret, fasciugrat, fochichred, —foichred, fochart, focairt, fochartatár, fachartar, focertar, fochertar, fomcertor, focerddar, fucertar, focerdatar, fócerddetar, focherte, focertha, focicherthar, focichertar, —foic[h]ert[h]ar, fochichritar, focres, focress, fochress, focreas, focressa, rochres, rochress, do creasadh, bhacresa, facheirdset, —ar, focherdsat, fochertsat, —cuirethar, —cuiretar, cuirthe, cuire, cure, cuirid, —coirther, —corathar, —corad, —corastar, —corthe, —coirthi, —lá, láim, —raltais, —ral, —rol, —rolur, —ralór, laa, laa, —rala, láis, —rabhais, lam, —roláid, rrálat, rolat, lád, —roltis, róiltis, roláosa, rolaus, rodalláus, rollais, laa, ralasom, láeside, —ralae, corralai, láoi, rālastar, lasid, —ralsid, laset, —rolsat, —ralsat, —ralsatar, lafithir, cuirfithir, coraltar, —ralatar, coralta, rolaad, rollaad, rolathe, roláithea, —lathe, —latha, rolaitea, rosaralta, ralta, F., dofuarat

prototonic forms of this verb are found only in the fut. ( ni focertiti , CCath. 2830 is late, and phonetically irregular. Cf. fotcicher ... nimchicher, cited below, II (a)), in other tenses they are supplied by -cuirethar and -la; the —ro— forms are regularly from -lá both in pres. and past tenses. Cf. focress (.i. rolaad), Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . focreasa .i. rocurid, Lec. Gl. 87 .

Forms: A ind. pres. 1 s. fosci[u]rtsa, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 196 (< H 3.18, 75b ). 2 s. rel. focheirt (gl. seminas) Wb. 13c21 . fodosceirdi; foscerdi, LB 219a19 ; 26 . 3 s. foceirt, Wb. 32c11 . Trip.² 904 . faceird, Ml. 94c8 . focheird, LU 8848 . foceird, O'Mulc. 527 . 1 pl. focertam, Wb. 15b4 . 3 pl. (rel.) fuchertat, Ml. 93a25 . focherdat, LU 8848 . focerdat, O'Mulc. 527 . imperf. 3 s. foscerdded, Rawl. 113a1 . focherded LU 5005 . 3 pl. (rel.) fochertitís, LU 7031 ( BDD 67 ; focerdaitis Y). imperat. 1 pl. fuscerdam, Wb. 34a2 ( Ériu xi 136 ). foncerddam, LL 283a19 . subj. pres. 2 s. foceirr Wb. 13c24 . 3 s. foceirr, Laws v 320x . past 3 s. facherred Ml. 124b3 . focher[r]ad, Corm. Y 323 . fut. 1 s. fochichur LU 5761 (= —iur, TBC-I¹ 1290 ). —foíchur, LL 251b20 ( TBFr. § 24 ). -cichiur, BDC 112.138 . 3 s. focicherr, Ml. 87d6 . fotcicher, LL 147a22 . fo chiuchra , LU 4583 . —foicher, TBC-I¹ 706 (= —focher, LU 5184 ). 3 pl. focichret, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . LU 4462 . foscichret, LL 289b7 - 8 . Cf. fasciugrat, LL 119b26 (rhet.). sec. fut. 3 s. fochichred, LU 5291 . —foichred, 6822 ( BDD 38 ). pret. 1 s. fochart, LU 10987 . 3 s. focairt, TBC-I¹ 3656 . LU 3279 . Ériu ii 33.14 , 15 . 3 pl. fochartatár, LU 1735 ( RC ix 480 : Cf. fachartar, Ml. 64a10 ). Pass. pres. s. focertar, Thes. ii 249.10 . fochertar, LU 5018 (= focherddar, TBC-I¹ 529 . fomcertor, ZCP xv 301§4 . focerddar, Sg. 71a19 . fucertar Wb. 34a2 . pl. focerdatar, Ml. 96c11 . fócerddetar, TBC-LL¹ 6145 . imperf. s. focherte, LL 106b34 . subj. past s. focertha, BDD 85 D (focerta UY). fut. s. focicherthar, LU 7129 ( BDD 81 ). focichertar, IT ii 178.137 . —foic[h]ert[h]ar, ZCP xii 235.16 . pl. fochichritar, SR 8324 . pret. s. focres, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . focress, Hy v 48 ; 72 ; 79 . LU 4618 . fochress, 7060 ( BDD 72 ; focreas Y). pl. focressa, LU 6924 ( BDD 54 ). The pret. pass. rochres, LL 77b19 ( TBC-LL¹ 2586 ), rochress, LU 6439 . do creasadh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . bhacresa, H 3.17 ; Eg. ( TBC-LL¹ p. 367 ) is by Windisch referred to this verb.

Analogical forms: pret. 3 pl. facheirdset, —ar, TBC-LL¹ 3630 . 3712 . focherdsat, TBC-LL¹ p. 895 n. 11 . fochertsat, Hugh Roe 166.12 (f. 44b) .

B From —cuirethar: ind. pres. 3 pl. —cuiretar, BCr. 32b11 . imperat. 2 s. cuirthe, Ml. 56c5 . cuire, BCr. 32c11 . LU 10821 . IGT, Decl. ex. 460 . cure, LU 4784 . LL 279b17 . 2 pl. cuirid, Wb. 27b11 . subj. pres. 2 s. —coirther, Wb. 10a21 . 3 s. —corathar, Ml. 68b9 . ZCP xi 84.32 (= coradar, LL 294a1 ). past 3 s. —corad, LU 4724 . Metr. Dinds. iv 132.17 . pret. 3 s. —corastar, Ml. 39a3 . LU 4919 . LL 117b34 . TBFr. § 20 . Pass. past subj. s. —corthe, LU 4762 (—coirthe, Eg., —coirthi Y).

C From —lá: ind. pres. 1 s. níro láim , LU 4774 . (?) imperf. pl. 3 —raltais, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 31 . subj. pres. 1 s. —ral Wb. 7a4 . —rol, LL 251a39 . —rolur, LU 5225 . —ralór, 6875 . 3 s. ro laa , 4740 . mani laa , 4766 . —rala, Wb. 11b21 . Cf. coro láis , LU 1378 (a later -s- formation, like 2 sg. —rabhais ?). 1 pl. coro lam , LU 3781 . 2 pl. —roláid, LU 6874 . 3 pl. co rrálat , LU 6725 ( BDD 21 ; co rolat Y). past subj. 3 s. coro lád , LU 4616 . 3 pl. —roltis, TBC-I¹ 808 = róiltis, LU 5283 . ind. perf. 1 s. roláosa, 4791 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr., ii 499 , takes this as pres.). rolaus, LL 147a41 . rodalláus, 249b40 . 2 sg. rollais, 251b14 . 3 s. ro laa , Sg. 75a4 . ralasom, Tur. 80 . ro láeside , LU 2928 . —ralae, Ml. 90c17 . corralai, LL 260b14 . ro láoi , IGT, Introd. § 4 . rālastar (: at-āgastar `feared') ACC 56 Comm. 2 pl. ro lasid , Wb. 15d1 . —ralsid, 15a1 . 3 pl. ro laset , Thes. ii 343.43 . roláiset, LU 7032 . —rolsat, Ml. 16d2 . —ralsat, Rawl. 164a48 . —ralsatar, Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . Pass.: fut. lafithir, BDD 81 Eg ( RC xxii 179 n. 13 ; cf. cuirfithir ib. n. 14 ). pres. subj. s. coraltar, LL 269a16 . pl. —ralatar, Laws iv 206.14 . past s. coralta, ScM. § 5 (corolatha; co ro lathea v.l.). perf. ind. s. rolaad, Wb. 13d9 . Sg. 153b6 . rollaad, Ml. 29c1 (second a over line). 44d2 . YBL 212b39 . cor laud, LB 60b31 . pl. rolathe, Rawl. 73b31 . roláithea, Fél. Prol. 41 (—láithe, —lathe, —latha v.l.). rolaitea, Fél.² clvii 7 . Cf. rosaralta (= frisa ralta ?), Ériu viii 156.22 . Vn. 1 cor, q.v.

I

(a) sets, puts, places (with FOR, I N-, IMM, etc.): focertar ... it bois is laid on thy palm Thes. ii 249.10 . fuchertat a laim íarna cúl who put their hand behind their back Ml. 93a25 . focairt dī lāim ima bráigit embraces him ZCP viii 311.14 . foceirtt lamae fair lays hands upon him Mon. Tall. § 66 . ní for fírduine rolaset a ṅgona `inflicted their wounds' (ref. to: in fer fordacorsatar | goíta, Hy v 66 ), Thes. ii 343y . benaid ... a cethri cinnu díb ┐ focheird for ceth[e]ora benna na gabla, LU 4799 . focherd in láech ... lossa ┐ lubi íci ... i cnedaib ... Con C. applies 6341 . focherdat i ndabaig; ... in dabach aile in ro lád, 5201 . is aire sein rolathe na da mac for Tibir, Rawl. 73b31 . fodosceirdi ... it beolu na mírenda `these morsels thou must put in thy mouth' MacCongl. 97z . focheird cach fer a brat immáraile, LU 7542 ( BDD 107 ). focheird fáthi n-imbi, LU 5748 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co ro lasat faithe fiangaiscid impe, Anecd. ii 54 § 16 . dolluid nél solas imme co corustar a beolu for talmain , LB 146a19 . alterutro .i. ní alteroutro ... issechtar rolaa a dilledchi ní immedón `'tis outside he has put (exposuit) its declinability, not in the middle [i.e. not `altero utro'] Sg. 75a4 . ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `that He has put it' Tur. 80 (or does this belong to II? Cf. III). Iar mac N. ro láoi íarmbérla san nGaoidhilg, IGT, Introd. § 4 . ro láiset láma do, ┐ ron ergabsat, PH 3101 . Cf. frim gruad corcra ma chora | dom ruacht bochta fombera, Auraic. 5342 (`auch wenn ich Purpur auf meine Wange bringe' Thurn., ZCP xvii 292 ). F.¤ FOR AIRD displays, exhibits: na clesrada ... focheird Fer d. bar aird, TBC-LL¹ 3748 (= tuc St). 3757 (= cuiris a n-airde St). Cf. rolaiset na lama co lanard risna lannaib raised their hands aloft with the blades (?) Ériu viii 44.35 . plants, sows: mad grainne cruithnechte foceirr, Wb. 13c24 . conasrolaside (conid roláas v.l.; leg. condarolaside) isna hinadaib in robo dóig leis a nn-ás, Ériu iv 150 § 29 . ro-hairedh in mag ┐ rolaad sil cruithnechta ann, YBL 212b39 (= Ériu v 114 ). Of pitching (a tent), throwing up (a pile, mound), erecting, etc.: focress a phupall ... for Ailill, LU 4618 (= do A., TBC-LL¹ 390 ). focherdat a puiple icond áth sin, LU 5524 . do creasadh a phuball for an aird-rí, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 73.25 . card ... fochertitis in tan ba n-orgain. carnd roláiset ... in tan sin they used to make a cairn ... (etc.) BDD 67 ( LU 7031 ). focherte a ḟert ┐ a lecht ┐ a lie, LL 106b34 ( Ériu iv 26 ). rolad a fert ┐ a llia la C., Ériu v 213.122 . tairsiu ... coraltar mo ḟertsa latt, LL 269a16 ( ZCP iii 3 ; coro altar, coro claidter v.l.). focres a fert ann, Ann. Inisf. 2b8 . ro ladh a lia ┐ a lecht ... ar Muig Rein, Fen. 140.1 . tri liic ... Conall C. roda lā `placed them' Ériu viii 156.29 . cuma damh ... cibe focher trillsi treph raises wicker dwellings CS 610 = RC xvii 168 (Tig.), Bruchst. i § 90 (see trilis). For: rolād trā a gāir guba ┐ a ḟert ┐ a lia, Ériu i 120 § 13 , cf. (h).

(b) throws, casts, often of missiles: sís fucertar cech ingor suas fuscerdam ni, Wb. 34a2 . corralsat sis anchoram, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm. ) = co ro laiset sís a n-ingir, IT i 39 (< LB 82 marg. inf.). amal focerdatar saichtea for naimtea, Ml. 96c11 . focherd ... G. saigit forsin anmunna, PH 6304 . fochairt a chroísig forro, LU 3281 . fogabatside in n-id focheird [focheard TBC2] Cú C. ... Fír ol F. Cu C. rodla, 4732 ; 4741 . ní théssid secce conda rala nech úaib co n-áenláim, 4809 . bágais Cu C. ... fochichred cloich as a thábaill forru, 5291 . nochon ḟetur ... ní frisi corthe in t-id `I know not ... anything for which the withe should have been thrown' LU 4762 . fucaird L. liic talma dō `cast a sling-stone at him' RC xii 100 § 135 . fochartatár íarom bunsaig ... isa leth i mbátár na finna, LU 1736 . focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ina díaid, 5005 . cía focerta míach ... fora mulluch `though a sackful ... were flung on his crown' 6821 ( BDD 38 ). f¤ saile spits : fo-cresa saile (MS saili) ... i n-einech dúilemon 'the face of the Creator was spat upon', Blathm. 191 ​. focheird a saili forsin n-ailig = projecit Lat. Lives 57 . fochairt [a luathred] i n-alt in maro, LU 1725 . Cf. fo[ci]chiur (?) an īch issan sāile I will throw the salmon Anecd. i 73 § 207 (= nan-cuirer, v.l. ruscurius, RC x 88.11 ). ro láithea for bíastaib `they have been cast to wild beasts' Fél. Prol. 41 . With cognate acc., or advb.: fochichursa aurchor dait, LU 5761 . tuc som a láim fon deil cliss dó ┐ focheird rout n-urchair úad TBC-LL¹ 1270 . focairt imroll missed his aim LU 3279 . ni focertiti imroll les, CCath. 2830 . F.¤ IMMUDU, IMMACH throws away, loses: is cor roda lláus immudu it is a cast wherewith I cast it away, i.e. I have lost it TBFr. § 13 . fon-rollassat immach a lloeg they lost her calf Irish Texts i 7 § 24 . frithe ... sleibe, da trian do fir fodngaib ┐ aentrian ... do neoch foceirr amach, Laws v 320x . F.¤ CRANNCHOR (CRANN), F.¤ AR C. casts lots: rollaad crannchur foir, Ml. 29c1 . focres crandchor forro dús cía díb lasa ragtha i tossoch, LU 6879 ( BDD 47 ; —creasa Y). co rolaset chrandchor inter se, Thes. ii 328.41 ( Hy v Comm = co ro laiset sortem, LB 82 marg. inf.). roláiset cranncur cia dib dia roised in flaithius ar tus, D IV 2, 77 [71]rb10 . focerdar crann eturru dus cia de beres ..., Laws iv 172.9 . focerdat crann iman agh mbeo dus ci ..., 102.11 . co rolaa ar crandchar and cia dia teccema a coimet, YBL 156a23 . See crann and crannchor. Cf. berar mucc ┐ ag ... dóib, ┐ apar friu a mmunter féin da n-irgnam dóib. foscichret i crandchor, RC xiii 444w ( LL 289b8 ).

(c) casts down, overthrows: dobeirsi dí láim friu ... conda ral[a] fón ṅglend pitched them into the valley LL 279b20 ( SG 414 ). Cf. doriacht Cethern ... acus focress in dunad ┐ in longphort foraib ┐ noṅgonand cach imme, TBC-LL¹ 4261 (= fosnobairside iarum tresin dūnad ┐ gontaiseom sochaidi, TBC-I¹ 2761 ). F. TAR CEND upsets, prostrates: is mór ríg ralā dar cend, Hail Brigit § 20 . atnagat a ṅgol ... co corastar na daíni ... tar cend, TBFr. § 20 . ro láiset ... a tech tar a cend, LU 1507 ( MU² 1003 ). Cf. fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (= RC viii 62 ). Cf. II for constr. Fig. is e ro lá dar cend ar forcetulne PH 1686 .

(d) F.¤ A, DE throws off, expels; drops, sheds: rolaad cech alt as a choir dam (gl. totus resolutus sum a campage membrorum) Ml. 44d2 . amal foceirt nech a aetach de Wb. 32c11 . foceirt a chocal de throws off his cowl Trip.² 904 . focertam fíal diínn, Wb. 15b4 . cuirid díib in nere se (gl. deponite ... de) 27b11 . (of a bull:) fochéird de na tri .l. mac nobitís oc cluchiu fair, LU 5330 . .xx. fer focherd de expelled 5819 . foceird a athair mac ingor a horba (.i. ada cuirid ... as in fearand), Laws iii 52.17 . faceird dia aicniud drives him from his nature (gl. perturbat) Ml. 94c8 . focicher don nirt i ttá `will hurl him from the power in which he is' BNnÉ 307 § 29 . is and roláset na bae a n-adarca díb LL 166a18 (= oralsat, BB 408a44 . con rallsat, Dinds. 123 ). cor lasat a n-adarca `till they cast their horns' Dinds. 16 . (cf. and sin ro chuirset na búair a mbenda, Metr. Dinds. iv 224 ). See also (e). is and rola C. in cennidi dia chinn, ScM. 15 . do láoi don chróisigh a ceann | gearr do bháoi an cróisin gan chrann, IGT, Decl. ex. 577 . F.¤ TAR: focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull ploughing up the earth with its hooves) TBC-LL¹ 1490 . Similarly: fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu 6145 .

(e) puts forth, emits, sends out: focertar fíadain leó are sent with them LU 8869 ( FB 66 ). na rre ... focerdat in bech saithe `when the bees send out a swarm' Laws iv 172.13 (glossed: i cuirid beich ... uaithib). focherdsat na draoithe gaotha draoidhechta ina ndéoidh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254z . do neoch fo-cheard doman de `all that earth brings forth' Ir. Review 1912, 248 . an dā each ... rolasett fa sech ri sliab, BColm. 90.4 . rolaad gairm escaire for naomaib hErenn `a call was made on' 54.21 . cuire huait, BCr. 32c11 (gl. tolle opp. to adde). Cf. di[a]ndrala huait CXVIII dofuarat latt ... (gl. tolle Kalendas, remanent CXX) Bvi 74 (`subjektlos,' hence 3 s., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 499 ). gur láoi ioth, KMMisc. 168 § 5 .

Cf. focress di grán, mass a méin (om. comma and render: its ore was sent from a goodly grain ?), Metr. Dinds. iii 120.16 .

(f) launches (a boat): rolaisead a curach for muir, RC xxvi 136 § 8 . Cf. focerd a luing ... sech Eirinn soir `steered his vessel' Lism. L. 252 .

(g) In various figurative senses corresponding to above: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅDé diib did not cast off the power of God Ml. 16d2 . focertar side ... hi selbad ind fir sin `is thrown into the possession of' 30c3 . i n-oena focerddar ┐ dofuasailgther cach áram (gl. omnes numeri ex [singulari] componuntur) Sg. 71a19 . is illeith Duid ... focert a n-ugturras refers (ascribes) their authorship to D. Hib. Min. 4. 131 . nach breth dobeirthe co Conn, foscerdded Conn cucisum, Caratnia § 1 . ro lá gach oman de, Leb. Gab.(i) i 198y . cach eccomnart ... romfarraid ... ro laas dīm fom cumhang, BNnÉ 301.2 . raráid A. ná curfed P. de in n-athis ... coro ralad tria chath ... do denam fri Grécu, LL 228a34 ( TTr. 818 ). in feil bis for luan focertar for mairt the feast ... is transferred to Tuesday LB 9b46 ( Rule of Tallaght § 10 ). o atraracht Crist a bás rolaad in cháisc iarom for dómnach was transferred to Sunday KMMisc. 146.5 . abbair fris, ní corathar a ḟlaith eter rindi gaí, ZCP xi 84.1 . foncerddam il-leth ar Tigernai let us entrust ourselves to our Lord LL 283a19 . Lism. L. viii . nícon béosa fot chumachta-su bas ire diandum roib forsa rol mo greis, TBFr. § 22 (`if I have anyone under whose protection I may put myself' Ériu xi 94 ). Cf. forollat for do greiss that have come [? put themselves ?] under thy protection Ériu viii 173.18 . See Mary Byrne, Ériu xi 94 ff . rolāsett each an dru[i]th ... for greis in aesa imthruimm, BColm. 90.5 . Cf. rotog ... gach dechnebar dib a menmarc do naemuib E., ┐ rolaiset fora muinteras ... ┐ rolaiset forro ainecrus a n-indtige ┐ a n-imtechta co toirsitis E., Lism. L. 2073 . do neoch doraega ┐ ro laí ina muinteras, LU 1393 (cf. II below). rolaite for coindmed cach naidchi they were quartered out every night YBL 209b46 ( Ériu v 236 ). focerd a n-oman cach tuaith `it casts every tribe into dread' Fianaig. 12 § 19 . ma cuaird focheird a toimsi it is measured by the circumference SR 169 = ima cuairt ... focert a tomus, Laws i 28.25 . rolasid súil torunn you have taken our measure Wb. 15d1 . 15a1 . ní ro láim súil toraib isind fid `I cannot cast my eye over them' (i.e. cannot see them all together) LU 4774 . tíagait ... co rolsat súil tairsiu ┐ ba dírim leó in slúag, 3782 ( SCC 35 ). Cf. o ralathur suil dar cach, Ériu ii 229 § 8 . focheird airdmius forsin lorg makes an estimate of LU 4788 . roláosa ... fomus forsa nī sin, 4791 . Mael S. ... focheird síth ima sen-mag `spreads peace' Metr. Dinds. i 44 . With DO of person: offers, grants (to): cid dam focerdta roga | nogegainn mo choimthoga if I were given my choice ZCP vi 267 § 11 . focres rogu do Mug Ruith do thírib Muman viii 314.19 . ro lád roga dóib, LU 8720 ( FB 54 ). With FOR of pers. lays, imposes (on); bestows (on): rolā cāin forsna clanna, Hy i 52 ( Thes. ii 306 ). cáin Patraic ... fucres for cach claind, Trip. 214.1 (2518) . turfochruic flathu foceird for doim `which he grants to an indigent person' (one of the seven bestowals not recoverable by distraint) Laws v 264.16 . rolá bricht forru cast a spell over them Metr. Dinds. iii 388.27 . F.¤ COMAIRLI takes counsel; plans: focres comairli ic lucht na cathrach cidh dogentais, CCath. 920 . focressá comairle léo cinnus dogendais ..., 130 . Cf. focresa cro comairle ┐ cindti comraid ac macaib S. Ériu viii 56.9 . F.¤ COR, CUAIRT turns, twists, makes a stir; goes round; visits; searches: nocon foicher cor dia chind riut will not turn his head towards thee TBC-I¹ 706 (= focher, LU 5184 ). na curid cor díb do not stir LL 259b20 ( IT i 67 ). focheird C. cor n-íach n-eirred de, LU 9119 ( FB 87 ). focerd Fergus cor conidralai for tech mbecc, IT i 144.4 (= do lá F. cuairt, ZCP v 501 . Cf. luid C. ┐ B. du chur cúarta fofúaratár óentech, LU 10579 ). focherd a suilchor issin tig casts a glance ib. IT i 144.16 (= foceird luathchor dá sūil isin tigh, ZCP v 501 ). oral cúairt fuiribsi that I may visit you Wb. 7a4 . asbert M. ... ar a n-indled a noi carpti dí coro lád cor isin dúnud, LU 4616 . regmai coro lam cor imón slúag, 3781 . ro lá curu in gaeth ... im Inber ..., Otia ii 82 . coro lá cor immán rigthech, LU 8381 ( FB 25 ). luid ... corralai cor imma techsom, LL 260b14 ( IT i 74 ). fochichret cuaird in domuin will go round SR 8088 . cia leith focheird a chainchuaird, 1198 . rolá cúairt hÉrend fo thrí `he made the circuit of Erin thrice' Metr. Dinds. i 16.30 . Cf. fochress cach cúaird imm alaile don díbeirg fri éitsecht in scéoil arranged themselves in concentric circles LU 7060 ( BDD 72 ). See 1 cor, 1 cúairt. focheird cor tra do menmannaib araile cid foruair, etc., the minds of some are exercised by the question, what caused LB 212a66 ( Alex. 1014 ). F.¤ COR makes a contract or agreement: cor focerdcar [sic] seach aga fine `a covenant made without the knowledge of the chief' Laws iv 60.12 . cor foceird baeth fri gaeth, iii 6.19 . dā cor focerdaiter fri hechlacha, iv 58.24 Comm . nach cor ... focerdtar for aes forngaire, ZCP xiii 23.23 ( Bürgschaft 11 § 37 ). inge secht n-uasalchuru nadat asu do thaithbiuch neochma rolatar [sic leg., ZCP xvi 271 ], Laws iv 210.2 . fo bith nand asu dichenglad cor mbel inneochma ralatar, 206.14 . coro-lasat a curu bliadain fri D., Dinds. 22 = BB 363a6 . With ellipse (cf. i): flaith foceird fri anflaith, Laws v 358.7 (expld. in Comm. p. 360 as one who accepts stock from an unlawful or extern chieftain). Cf. focerd fri flaith n-eachtrunn, ii 286.5 Comm . Similarly: focerd a mainche fri eagluis (= makes a contract of service with? See mainche) iii 68.5 . Eochaid mac O. focheird cuindlic [ = cuindilc] ┐ a hocht brathair E. and his eight brothers make a pact Anecd. iii 61.15 . focartatar coindi[l]c ib. 30 . ┐ focheird a ḟoesam ┐ a oentaid fris, Fél. 132.25 (see fáes(s)am). cach cor ... cach idnucul focertur forsna urgurtuib sa (.i. cuirither resin lucht ro urgairustur dligedh cunnrud do denum), Laws ii 290 ( ZCP xiv 376 ). Cf. is mōr ríg frisrala cor currech Corpri ... `whom the Curragh of C. has overthrown' [? to whom ... has plighted itself] Hail Brigit § 16 . F.¤ BEDG makes a leap, jumps, springs: focheird bedg cuce springs at him LL 260a41 ( IT i 72.19 ). rola Cu Ch. bedg de tresin mbudin, LU 1517 ( MU² 1015 ). focherdat in miolcoin bedg i mBrei, TBFr. § 5 . focheird Cu Ch. tri bidcu ina ndíaid, LU 5795 . See bedg, and cf. do-cuirethar. Cf. ni fuailfed focheird inti | luaithred M. `no motion in it made the ashes of M.' Metr. Dinds. ii 62.5 . F.¤ SCÍS rests: arrallsat scis a tig rig, YBL 13a21 ( Snedg. u. Mac R p. 12 ). Cf. lotar hi tír do chor a scísi, Trip.² 376 .

(h) of sounds, noises: utters, makes; raises (a shout, cry): focherdat ... gāir foa cheer him LU 8849 ( FB 64 ). focheird osnaid sighs LL 371a8 . ro lasat gáir mesca 259b15 ( IT i 67 ). biasta ... fochichret gaire garga SR 8060 . focherd srainn snores BS § 27.1 . focerd ilach cheers Laws i 244.6 Comm. focertitis ualla mora ┐ grithghairi `uttered great yells and howls' RC xiv 46.2 . baili i ralsat Gaill grithgair, Rawl. 164a48 = ait i rrollsat G. crithgair, LL 185a44 ( Arch. Hib. ii 85 ). roláadh gáir móir and, TTr.² 1640 . dia ralsatar fíanna faíd `raised a cry' Metr. Dinds. iv 144 . focheird fáid ... cloc bind, Auraic. 5131 . foceird fit ... frissin n-escmogin hisses at O'Mulc. 527 . Cf. for braigtib rig foceird feit (of a sword) LU 1042 ( ACC 101 ) = LU 9673 ( ZCP iii 214 ). fochartatar a ndord n-impi, LU 7850 ( BDD 141 ). a ngloim ro lásat na tri .l. curach oc tuidecht hi tír (the noise they made) LU 6935 ( BDD 55 ). Here perhaps f.¤ grith: (of weapons on a rack:) ro lásat grith co mbátár for lár in tige, LU 6936 ( BDD 55 ). (of swords, etc. tossed by a juggler:) fochartatár grith immi co mbátar for lár in tige, LU 7560 , 7568 ( BDD 109 , 110 ). foceird armgrith mór a rrígthech the house clattered (?) LU 8203 ( FB 15 ). (of a regiment:) an armgrith rolāsad oc teacht ind rēimme, TBC-I¹ 3221 . fochertar armgrith mór leo .i. mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5018 . rola Temair tri crithu [leg. grithu ?] di ┐ rolaiset na sluaigh ... ┐ roláset primdingnai Erenn uile, Anecd. ii 7.19 . Cf. f.¤ dírna, below, III.

(i) performs, executes, wages: f.¤ cath, etc.: fochartatar ... an [leg. na] coin cocluiche `the hounds had a coursing-match' RC xii 72 § 43 . secht catha raláe ma thīr, LL 44b33 (= ro ládh mun tir, 380b41 ). desin rolád ... in cath for fál F. `hence was fought ... the battle at the fence of F.' Metr. Dinds. iii 346.97 . gur laoi is Oilill cath Cláraigh GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 168 . With FOR of defeated side: in cath ... rolá for leith Chuind, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.17 . With FRI of opponent: co róiltis glied fris, LU 5283 . Cf. anaid sund ... conid rolursa frisin fer n-ucut till I tackle that man LU 5225 . mad comáes nod corad fris `had it been his match in age who opposed him' Metr. Dinds. iv 132. 17 . DO: focerd gliaidh do Aen. 2505 . Cf. focichret for collaib coin congala, RC xxvi 38 § 201 . co rrálat a ndíbeirg for firu Alpan, LU 6725 (`that they may wreak their rapine on the men of A.', Stokes, BDD 21 ). co rrólsat a ndibeirg lais, LU 6729 ( BDD 22 ). f.¤ ár (with gen. of obj.) slaughters; overthrows in battle: fochiuchra for tiugára, LU 4583 (= con curfe, TBC-LL¹ 290 ). focerddat a n-ár ┐ marbait in ríg, LL 242b5 ( TTr. 1910 ). cor muidh for Gallaib ┐ cur ládh a n-ár, RC xvii 351.20 (Tig.). co rolládh a n-ár etir ergabail ┐ marbadh, 355.26 (Tig.). rosceastar sliabh nEthna sruaim tened ... gu ro lae ar daini ┐ cethra ann, CCath. 854 . co ráemid for Gúari corro lad ár cend and LU 9605 . focerdded ār ceann and, BB 428b29 . Cf. co rolad ár mór dib and, Ann. Inisf. 19a14 (988) .

II Used to take the place of an intrans. vb. of motion.

(a) in older lang. in impers. constr., often with inf. pron. obj. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 310 ff .): facheirt in alios sonos `it puts itself [ = passes] into other sounds' Sg. 4b6 . fosceird dar a cend ┐ sí marb she falls down dead LL 117a29 (cited above, I c). This is evidently the same construction as that in: arnach corathar immoth ... dia seirc that he may not become stupefied from love of them Ml. 68b9 . Cf. dia corastar Saul foir isin nuaim i mboí when S. chanced upon him Ml. 39a3 . bec nacham ralae i nderchoíniud I almost despaired 90c17 . (Cf. becc náchimrala húathbás, BDD 87 Y, where DEU omit becc). ni foichred cnoi díb for lár not one nut would fall LU 7329 ( BDD 97 ; ni rossed cnú díb lár, Eg.). focerd F. cor conidralai for tech mbecc ann, IT i 144.5 . foscerd iarsin i n-araile indsi `they land' RC x 72 (foscairt v.l.). foscerd do inis they come to an island Anecd. i 56 § 45 ; fosceirt, 59 § 74 . dochuamar a tir sunna, ronla a nuaim in Ciclopdai `we landed here and went into the Cyclops cave' Aen. 154 . is and rolasi co Cathbath, LL 259b26 . YBL 109b37 ( IT i 68 ; rolaad sí, Eg.). foscerd ... imonsech fo c[h]osmailess luathrinde they are whirled round (of three opposing sea-currents) Corm. Y 323 . nosuighfedh cid Erind focher[r]ad ind, ib. fotcicher i súan | nimchicher i súan thou wilt fall asleep. I will not LL 147a22 ( PRIA iii 548 ). nach duine rodacuala son foscerded i cess, LL 126a18 . focerd E. i ces a ben do eludh `it grieved E. that his wife had eloped' Ériu xii 188.7 . foscichreth uili i ndāssacht, Ériu ii 136.1 . amal snechtae fosceird i robāne `which is cast into great whiteness' 130 § 99 . fosceird iar sen a muir naill, YBL 6b45 (= focheirdat ass iar sein hi mmuir n-aill LU 1887 ; see section b below). foscerdsom ína cotludh they fall asleep YBL 5a21 = fochairt inna cotlud, LU 1801 . Cf. srethius fair ... in slig conid rallá ina chomsudiu, LU 5148 . rolá didiu i socht ... Mac D. Mac D. became silent ScM. 3 . roslá i socht na hUlto, 9 (= rolá socht mór forra R). focherd A. i serg de A. falls into a wasting sickness LU 10730 (TÉ). ge robatar longphorta slog in domain i n-athfoccus don tigh sin ni rolae tigerna in tige i snimh ... uair ni rabattar ... innmassa occo, CCath. 3337 . is ann sin ro láa [rogabsat; ro ba v.l.] curudha ... for tocbháil a fedhma catha, CCath. 2016 (cf. section c). Cf. ni rola imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3281 .

Exceptionally to express completion of action: ic coistecht fris dóib uile coro láis in tasfénad sin do dénam, LU 1378 (= con roisc, LL 280b32 , corroisc, YBL 120b25 ). Cf. rolāi dí had achieved ' Fianaig. 46 § 9 .

(b) Somet. with reflex. inf. pron.: foscerdat inna buidne form ranks LU 4684 , cf. ro lasat i ndrungo ... ┐ buidne, BB 414b10 . Cf. TBC-I² 246 n. 211 .

(c) hence as intrans. vb. denoting indefinite motion (though some of the following may be corruptions really belonging to section a). lit. and fig.: is and fochichersom ar gním n-aithergaib [sic leg.] `he will resort to' BDD 102 c , (cf. CCath. 2016 cited in section a). focicher crú tria chnessaib blood will burst through skin (?`ich werde Blut ... springen lassen' Wi.) TFerbe 648 . focertat i suan co cenn tri la fall asleep RC xiv 46.17 (cf. YBL 5a21 cited in section a). focherddat Ulaid chuci, LL 124a25 ( Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 ). focerd C. a magh mor a aenur `C. found himself on' [went in to ?] IT iii 195.3 . focherd i tracht romra comes to (= anchors in) Anecd. ii 15 § 8 . focerd in long i roibi S. ┐ lenaid for carraic ` struck ' Aen. 1010 . focairt chos in Duind C, ar adairc a chele alighted TBC-I¹ 3656 . focaird forsin cuanlocht na mac tíre came upon the wolf-pack ZCP viii 310.40 . Cf. ar chribais il-leirg ... daceird [focheird v.l.] [my dog] comes upon a pig (?) IT i 162.4 ( LL 208a12 ). fochard and Morrigan ... do tascc an catha `proceeded to proclaim' RC xii 108 § 166 .

Cf. rolaus cian i cein | ar do charait i mbrōn, LL 147a41 ( PRIA iii 548 . Supply cuairt ?).

III In the following idiomatic constructions

(a) with AR (cf. II): ni áil dúib á iarfigid arna rala for cubus áiri lest it distress your conscience Wb. 11b21 (Thes. takes `for' as prep., comparing: act ni roib ní for cocubus, 30a16 ). focerd a chubus som ar tomailt torith na muindtiri `he exercised his conscience about eating the produce' Mon. Tall. 77 . ni ralá do cless n-airiut cosinnocht never troubled (?) thee LU 7562 ( BDD 109 ). ní arná corad mo chiall | arna fordulu no tíag it is not that my mind heeds not the strayings (= that I am not acting intentionally ?) LU 4724 . Michél ... focheird mo menma airi `M. ... my mind is set on him' Ériu ii 92.6 .

(b) In the following the vb. seems transitive: focairddsi menmain for in gilla set her heart on RC xxv 346 § 2 . ní foíchiursa mo menmain for óclach n-aile, TBFr. § 24 . ro láeside menmain fora macsom, LU 2928 . Cf. ráthaigis E. aní sin ┐ focheird a menmain airi she considered it (= was puzzled by it ?) LU 10743 .

(c) focerd dano menma in coca thairis cur bhá slan a sechtmain the cook forgot him (?) till a week passed Lism. L. 1997 .

(d) f.¤ for weighs on, grieves, vexes: na cuirid fortsu sin ... uair fogebum uili in t-olc sin grieve not for that BB 445a37 ( Mer. Uil. 10 ). ralágh [prob. for ro-lá] ... cumha a banchéle for an ríg coma ... imeslān é, ZCP xiii 197.12 . bai aenfer ... fornar laessat na cumscaigthi mora sin `whom those great commotions did not affect' CCath. 1086 . atcuas doséin a mhac do epilt. rolá fair go mór go mbaí hi siurcc, AFM vi 2218.20 . (of rain:) ba moa rolá for muintir Uí D. na frossa ferthana ... inás for ṡlógh an Gh., 2034.2 . ar a mhēd rolā fair gan a ṡlogh dia tharrachtain, Hugh Roe 252.29 (67b) .

ba fou fachart[at]arsom it was for that that they applied(?) it Ml. 64a10 . Cf. ni du choscrad in tempuil storidi ralasom `it is not of the destruction of the ... temple that he has put it (gl. non id ille dixit quod illi dicunt Comm. on Marco P. xiv 58 ) Tur. 80 . ba dō fachairtsam son, ar nicontissed aridisse, RC xi 444.3 (= ba do focerdsom anni sen for Coin C. fodeig arna contissed ..., ZCP iii 247.1 ). (Expl. of cruimther as transl. of premther:) in Bretain ... it ē dorintaiset ┐ is anni as premter dorintaiset. is fair iarom rolaset legnidhe na mB. annīsin: amail is lomm, etc. Corm. Y 211 (= is fáei ... latharsat LB; is foi ... rolasat HM. O'Don., Corm. Tr., renders LB `accordingly the literati of the B. explained it'). ni cian rollā for dāla did not long delay (?) SR 7651 .

(e) f.¤ dírna di = scares (?): fochérd dírna mór din tslóg co luid Medb día chosc, LU 4685 . atracht in slōg uile ara chind ┐ rola dirmae din chath imbi oc teacht isin telaig TBC-I¹ 3288 = ro lá dírna dina cathaib ┐ dina sluagaib ac déscid in láich sin, TBC-LL¹ 5391 . See Hermathena 1931 p. 4 , and cf. f.¤ grith I (h) above.

fochlaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochlaide or dil.ie/22452

adj io-iā epithet of a cloak: brat odarda fochlaidi TBC-I¹ 3210 (= bha chuaslae, TBC-LL¹ 5272 ). Leg. fo chl. ?

1 folam, falam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 folam, falam or dil.ie/23065

Forms: faulom

adj o-ā (see folomm, and Ériu xiii 191 ) faulom, Hib. Min. 66.34 .

(a) empty; often of uninhabited, derelict or desolate places: aithles fás falam, LL 262b35 ( MU² 132 ). áite folmha, KMMisc. 350 . folamh anocht Dún Chearma ib. falum aníu Raith Aine, Acall. 3094 . in uair fuaratar na hadnocuil ḟalma, LB 225a1 . tighe falmha, TD 26.49 . fágaibh do longa falmha leave thy ships empty ML 50.18 ( ML² 751 ). do teithedur na sluaigh la huaman Sir G. ┐ do fāgadh in faidhchi folum fai, ZCP vi 31.2 . iomlánachadh in líne do leisce a bheith folamh a filling up of the line, for loathing of its being empty Duan. F. ii 368y . ardḟuaim an tsrotha ḟolaimh ` shallow ' Content. xviii 168 . a mbeith folamh on grádh empty of love (= se caritate esse uacuas) Instructio 129.7 . Of land, vacant, unoccupied: an ferand ... ni folam fōs, Ériu xii 144 § 5 .

(b) unproductive, barren: biaidh doibh 's ni bhá falumh | talam cona thorad, Lism. L. 4707 . iomdha folamh dár bhfiodhbhaidh, PBocht 1 § 7 . ithir fíorfholamh, 19 § 26 . gnáth folamh síol na sligheadh, 12 § 3 . ní thig a cnaei ḟolaim omna, IGT III ex. 224 . diasa fása is fiodhbhadh ḟolamh, DDána p. 378.1 . coillte folbha, Rel. Celt. ii 238.10 (leg. falmha). Cf. bheith folamh ní ceilte ar chrodh | 's teirce i dtoradh na talmhan, L. Cl. A. B. 263 .

(c) Of persons destitute: mar fríoth falamh mé, TD 22.16 . ní ferrde a bheith soilbhir | má chluintear a bheith folamh if he has the reputation of being indigent O'Gr. Cat. 532.16 . do chuirfeá ar siubhal ... mé folamh, Gen. xxxi 42 . meisi folamh ... 's dáoine dáora .. ag agháil ionmhuis, Studies 1919, 72 . folamh an chnis gan an chloinn, KMMisc. 354 .

(d) fig. empty, vain, worthless: truaill fhallsa fholamh... na colna, TSh. 2094 . ní ar chuaird ḟolaimh `on no bootless visit Content. xxix 12 . ar mealladh le mnáibh ... do ghoimh an ghrádha folaimh, Gadelica i 241.88 . duine utmall folamh = vaga et vacua Instructio 130.13 . do chonncas damh fos gach ni talmhanda do bheith brisc folamh diomhain = vacua et caduca 110.8 . na denad comharthadha iomdha oir foillsighidh sin na mna do bheith folamh = quia hoc est indicium vacue monialis et lingose 138.17 .

Cf. bean ḟalamh (ḟolamh) IGT, Decl. § 116 . ni folamh LL 394.49 (chev.).

gelaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gelaid or dil.ie/25568
Last Revised: 2019

v (gel) denom.

I Trans. makes white, bleaches; makes fair: gibé cerd do gheal a grúaidh | fúair a ṡeal don derg na díaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 701 . puipli na naom ... ro gelta (i.e. with snow), SG 35.10 ; ib. 12 . Do ghealfadh mé an malaidh nduibh, Studies 1928, 452.19 . gile ina leine an lá gealtar, KMMisc. 168 § 9 . Saoirfhear a ndeas ó Chodhal chláirleabhar | dar báinghealadh toradh is meas míonMhumhan, Studies 1929, 594.7 . do gelad na haghthi .i. mil ┐ domblas áe do cumusc ┐ a coimilt don agaid to make the face fair, i.e. mix together honey and gall (bile?) and rub it onto the face, Harley MS 546 f. 39v7 ​​​​​. vn. a gcruth nách éidir le haon ghlanadóir [éaduighe] ... a ngealadh, Mark ix 3.

II Intrans. grows white, shines: cuain ghorma bha ngealann grian, Ériu v 64.183 . Cf. fuinn chnódhonna i ngealann grian, TD 9.35 . ní i n-aoin-fheacht ghealas an ghrian, DDána 93 § 22.

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