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accmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accmaing or dil.ie/157

 

Forms: accmac, acfaing, acfuinn

n Earlier accmac o, later a., acfaing, acfuinn f., g s. and n p. -e. Vn. of 2 ad-cumaing. See also under tacmang.

(a) act of encompassing, encircling: doreccacha Mac Roth huad do accmac Slebe Fuaid, TBC-I¹ 3107 . acmac .i. timcealladh, O'Cl. acmac `a circuit or compass', Eg. Gl. 655 .

(b) power, ability, capacity: acmhaing .i. árach no cumhachda, O'Cl. ní roibhi acmhaing etir aigi Laeg do imtheacht uadh, TBC-LL¹ p. 329 note 8 . is sgath uaisleachta Chláir Chuinn / fa nguaisbhearta áigh d'acmhuing in that he is able to emulate their . . . deeds, DDána 102.10 . do-ní mé . . . réir gach aoinfhir fam acmhuinn according to my ability, 101.33 . ní mó ná acfuinn gach fhir / do shirfeadh Dia ar na daoinibh `God asks of men no more than man can give', Dán Dé xxii 33 . déin na deagh-oibre . . . do réir th'acfainne spioradalta ┐ corpordha, Mac Aingil 3772 . amal badh accmaing duit to the best of thy power, ZCP iv 388.15 . an acfuinn do bhí san duine re déanamh deigh-ghníomh, TSh. 2911 . ar ní as fhóille ná ar n-acmhuinn `for less than my best effort', PBocht 17.18 . a mheic Alprainn ní budh fhoráil / deit ar n-acmhaing d'anóir `all the honour we could pay you' Dán Dé xii 12 . eire ós acfuinn dimshníomh a load of trouble too great for her, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29 § 4 . gé nach fuil acfainn . . . san Ngaoidheilg aguinn, Desid. 26 . do-ní iad féin broinn-líonta ré biadhaibh . . . tar a n-acfuinn, TSh. 7242 . With gen.: eacmuing na neche sin ability to perform those things, Laws ii 284.14 Comm. acfaing a denma, BB 446a28 . acmaing a ritholma, Cog. 50.7 . acmuing a bfreasta[i]l, Hugh Roe 142.14 . ni fuair a.¤ falmaisi orro, Acall. 7695 . acfuinn uraghaill, TSh. 4195 .

(c) means, instrument, apparatus (somet. in concrete sense): créd í an acmhaind is cóir do bheith ag denamh an bhaistigh? `what should be the outward observance in Baptism?', Carswell 231 . dobeir . . . trelamh ┐ acfaing fair, Moling 47 . loscfitir bar loṅga . . . nachbar-bé accmaing ellam rí imgabáil, LL 238b30 `so that ye will not have ready means of avoiding', TTr. 1620 . ca ha.¤ fil acat do cur friss?, Mer. Uil. 57 . uile acmoinge marbtha daoine, TFrag. 234.18 . níor chaomhain . . . a neart Samson . . . ná aon oile aon-acfuinn dá mbí ann ar ghuaisibh an bháis , TSh. 612 . cheanglas céadfadha an chuirp ┐ acfuinne na hanma resources(?), 7906 .

(d) abundance, wealth: as lár haoibhnis ┐ hacfainne from the midst of pleasure and abundance, RC xxiii 20.2 . mar shaltraim ar úr Innse / acmhaing (sic leg.) mo shúl shilim-se copious tears, DDána 77.4 . do reir acmuinne in othuir = secundum divitias patientis, Rosa Angl. 84.16 . bíodh iomad acfuinne airgid ag neach multas pecuniarum facultates, TSh. 9990 . acfaind ┐ craes ┐ anóir, de Contemptu, 1121 . mar a fuil an medi so do acfuinn superabundantia, Smaointe B. Chr. 6013 . bit acmuinn mor fertana ┐ fuachta is in tsamradh, Ir. Astr. Tr. 124.13 . ca hacfaing loin nó gébhadh what supply of provisions he would get, CCath. 1478 . cen acfuing tṡloigh innti dó do frestal catha sufficiency, 1225 . Cf. nach ḟuil acfainn catha aca am agaid si (sic leg.) CF 597 . do b[f]agbad acmaing comad cath do berad, Cog. 130.17 .

Note also: do fhagaibh do ┐ da cloind / Maisi fa maith in acmoing / gan peist. . ./ a tír da ngebdais Gaídeil, BB 18a22 . (see Keat. ii 416 n. 309 ).

adbar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbar or dil.ie/340

 

Forms: isa n-a., adbara, adhbhar

n o, n. a s. isa n-a.¤ , Ml. 138c3 . n p. adbara, LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). adhbhar m. IGT Decl. § 11 . See Celtica i 337 .

I

(a) matter, material: isa na.¤ nephdelbaigthe gl. informemque materiam, Ml. 138c3 . ri rothepi . . . / asin cheta.¤ admas / talam . . ., SR 30 . ba terc cach n-a.¤he had little of any substance, LU 11008 . aprisce in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoimnacair `the fragility of the matter whereof we have been made', Ériu ii 122 § 62 . co cruthaigfea in comdiu . . . curpa dind adbur toltanaigfes do cip é méit . . . in t-a.¤ , LU 2595 . a.¤ tened, BColm. 54.20 . d'iarraidh adhbhair cruite, Keat. ii 2692 . a.¤ in ard-naim the ingredients of the saint i.e. his discent or genealogy SG 18.3 . Med. iomad adhbhair (adhbhar v.l.), festering matter, Trompa na bhF. 7436 .

(b) materials etc., serving a special purpose, gear, equipment: roderscaigestar a tech so eter adbur ┐ elathain, LU 8046 ( FB 1 ). mad fige a loscad etir garmain ┐ cech n-a.¤ olchena `the loom-beam and all other materials', Ériu ii 206 § 27 . a h-adbara ┐ a aídimmi (of a ship), LL 218b31 ( TTr. 123 ). nirthá do lín na h adbor cathugud trisna barbárdu sa `he has neither number nor gear to fight', 220a25 (ib. 220). is athais mor daib muna derntai calma amlaid sin ┐ febus in adbair fuil agaib, Aen. 2465 .

(c) Of persons with follg. gen. in sense of makings (of), one fit to be (hardly to be distinguished from damna in similar use, in spite of O'Don. Gram. p. 445 ): a.¤ ríg, Sc.M² § 14 . int a.¤ rig is ferr do bi da coiced fein, Ann. Conn. 1272.4 . airchideóchain Tuama . . . ┐ a.¤ aird-espuic, Hy Fiach. 114.12 (`? archdeacon with right of succession', Plummer MS notes). a.¤ suad, AU ii 508.4 . a.¤ gaiscedaig the makings of a warrior, LL 8581 . is breath adhbhair Ioldánaigh / do bhí ar Eoin E. was estimated as a young `Ildánach ', Arch. Hib. i 90 § vi . Hence of a grade of poet: itir éceas ┐ adhbar i.e. both poets and students (of poetry), Oss. v 40.5 . adhbhar oideadh young poets (makings of teachers), DDána 46.3 . do chuir geall . . . / fa dhán re hadhbhar eile challenged another student about a poem, 90.16 . Note also: ni raibi do shluagh adbhur cathaigthe friu there was not any army fit to fight with them, TTr.² 1438 .

Hence of successors (actual or potential) to particular offices (kingship, abbacy, etc.) usually with eulogistic implications: D. rí Midhi ┐ a.¤ ríg Erenn, RC xviii 277.13 (Tig.). a.¤ tigerna Breagh, AFM ii 880.14 . ádbar comarba Phattraicc, 762.7 . C. a.¤ ollaman na Brefne, Ann. Conn. 1411 § 22 . gurvo hadhbhar nuachair d'Eirinn antí Conall, ZCP xiv 223.12 . an t-adhbur imperi bis inadíaidh ` heir-apparent ', Maund. 192 . adhbhur a chlemhna his intended son-in-law, Ériu v 188.451 .

(d) subject-matter (of discussion, literary work, etc.): do chum do sgeóil do bhuain ré hádhbhar i.e. so that your fable should have a bearing on the matter under discussion, Desid. 3563 . in tan adchid in filid . . . in tadbur a subject for his poem, Laws i 44.3 Comm. adhbhar ceoil ar gcomhlabhra `the sweet subject of our language', Content. xxv 1 . neithe nach beanann ré hadhbhar which are not to the point, TSh. 9063 . a bhaoghlaigh / do chor-sa is adhbhar aonaigh thy business is idle market talk, DDána 4.9 . dob é m'oide ar adhbhoraibh, TD 23.9 .

II

(a) cause, ground, reason: ciadcobrinn moidim do dénum ni bói a.¤ híc, Wb. 17d17 . a.¤ fáilte, 20a9 . adbur na cnete, IT i 123.7 . a.¤ móide cause of anger, Dán Dé xxv. 15 . ionnbhúr n-adhbhar uathbháis ┐ miosguis ag Dia, Trompa na bhF. 457 . adhbhar cumhadh, TD 14.4 . a adhbhar d'iomchar na croiche / i gcoinne an bháis do bhí ag drud the reason for carrying his cross, DDána 30.12 . adhbair asa ndleghait soin, ZCP viii 116 § 16 . is é is a.¤ dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . is é adhbhur ma tánac chucaib-si, do innisin scéal an domain díb, RC xxiv 371.3 . mór n-adhbhar fárbh aontuighthe, TD 20.53 . cuma leis ternó nó gan terno a cath acht co cuired a clú adhbar dá adhbaraibh provide he should be famous for some reason(?), Expugn. Hib. § 15 . corop i n-adbur na haighi sin rogaba bás that he may die because of that fawn, Todd Nenn. 182.12 . tuig . . . fa adhbar áiridhe . . . gurab edh as áil linn `that for a certain reason we desire', CS 2.1 . ar an adhbhar go ttoirmeasccann an fercc . . . carthanacht etorra féin, Ériu xv 28 § 2 . ar an adhbhar in aimsir S. Clára . . . ní raibhe áonchlabhsdra aca, 96 § 3 . ar adhbharaibh aile `for other reasons', AFM ii 918 note c. méid m'orchra ar an adhbhar-sa for this reason, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380.6 .

(b) Of the cause of a quarrel, battle, etc.: cath . . . fa a.¤ coir, RC xxiii 404.15 . sila ┐ adbair in catha, CCath. 3852 . is d'adbaraibh catha Chula Dremne sin, RC xvii 143.4 . is a.¤ ṅdegdebtha, LL 12109 . Hence absolutely in sense of casus belli: adbur no bidbanus, O'D. 1376 (E 3.5, 26a). can adbur can bidbanus, Laws v 142.18 Comm. olc in ta.¤ dia mbói sin LL 20624 . fobith . . . a nadbair ┐ a nesaenta re aroile, AFM iv 1010.22 . tosach an adhbhair eiséin `he is the cause of the dispute' TD 3.26 .

(c) Of the ground, pretext for a claim, charge : bít oc dénum adbair do argain na n-óglach, PH 7528 . dall-adbur no ferai form `you bring an unfounded charge against me, RC xiv 243.44 . caide in t-abur assa fuighmis hé?, Acall. 5215 . fágbhaim an t-adhbhar faoi féin / ní beag nod dfhior mar eiséin affair(?), Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 20 . ní ḟuil ní d'adhbhar aige, TD 8.32 . nár lim gan a.¤ éigin without some pretext (of someone returning uninvited), O'Gr. Cat. 352.19 . sé 'na ṡeanadhbhar ó ṡin an ancient cause ever since, TD 7.33 . anaic sinn ar ár n-damnadh / glanaidh sinn ó ar sean-adhbhar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 382.4 .

In phrase lucht adbair people who bring charges, complaints(?); people with a grievance(?): mhaithmhechas na naindligheadh do thabhairt do lucht adhbhair, Ó Héodhusa 230 z . lucht adhbhair tar éis a ndiomdha, TD 29.19 . bíse it armaibh re hucht gcean / a lucht adhbhair go n-airgthear, 19.15 .

adúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adúath or dil.ie/596

 

Forms: adḟúath, aduatha, aduaith, adhuatha

n m. (ad + 1 úath) Also spelt adḟúath. in t-a.¤ , CCath. 769 . g s. aduatha, LB 152b57 . CCath. 4933 . aduaith, 4091 . n p. adhuatha, SR 8158 .

Great dread, horror: adhuatha adbail, SR 8158 . robai tra a.¤ mor ┐ duba . . . sechnon na catrach, Aen. 543 . a.¤ do airscelaib, LL 371c49 = athuath dia n-erscelaib, Hib. Min. 41.29 . bídgais in loech . . . la ha.¤ in gotha truaig, LB 157a57 . ba mór tra adhuath ┐ imeacclu an taidhg sin for gallaibh the foreigners were greatly afraid of that T., AFM iii 328.12 . for nár lásatt sidhe . . . a n-adhuath ┐ a n-ūrgrain . . ., vi 2280.7 . ro gab a.¤ mor in faith, CCath. 965 . bo lor d'adhúath ┐ d'urgrain . . . dona slóghaibh a n-eistecht, 4346 . d'fhághail bháis d'adhuath, AFM v 1584.4 . adhuath errad warrior's fierceness, Stair Erc. 1347 . ar son iomuid héigceart ┐ a nadhfhúatha mhóir, Hosea ix 7 . In phrase is a.¤ la is greatly afraid (of): is a.¤ lium re indisin, LB 157a5 . ba hadhúath mór leis in fís, CCath. 1469 . gomba hadhuath la cach, AFM i 296.2 . ba ha.¤ le cach comrad fris, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 .

Hence in concrete sense monster: ind adhfhuath angide . . . ┐ in torathar, Stair Erc. 1232 .

aidbirseóirecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidbirseóirecht or dil.ie/836

 

n (aidbirseóir)

(a) opposition, hostility, enmity: a ndéarna . . . dh' aibhirséoracht a n-aghuidh Padraig, Mac Aingil 6221 . in aibh[ers]eoracht doni thu re haidhigh bháis , Fier. 238 . Note also: in ti . . . do gheibh aibheirseoracht = de . . . collatione adversitatum, ITS xxix 150.17 .

(b) temptation: gur tria n-a aimsiughadh ┐ áidhbhirseōracht táinic marbadh dhiūc de B., Fl. Earls 136.21 . droich-spirut aimsigt[h]e aidberseóracht, 216.28 . ? neach . . . do rin aidhbhirséoireacht ┐ conntrácht ar Mochuda, ITS xvi 126.21 . a n-aghaidh aidhbhirseorachda an diabhail, Parrth. Anma 3080 . táinig draoi mar a raibh Mochuda do dheanam adhbhairseorachta air, `to tempt him', ITS xvi 92.26 .

ainmesardacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmesardacht or dil.ie/1453
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (mesardacht) excess, want of moderation: labrum anois d'ainmesurdacht in maclaig, oir doniter a ainmesurdacht mailli re teasaidecht ndasachtaigh don taeib astigh, Irish Texts v 28.23 . fiabras tic o ainmesurdacht . . . na spirut, Rosa Angl. 48.6 . fásaidh ainmheasardhacht san cholainn ré hucht an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 1232 . anmheasardhacht bídh ┐ díghe, Donlevy 94.z .

airgráin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgráin or dil.ie/2064

 

n (gráin) great horror, terror: re hurgrain . . . leis na lend-brat because of his great horror of the . . . cloaks, MR 180.12 . fa hurghrain le hEoghan fein a bfaicsin E. was filled with horror at the sight of them, ML 120.11 . re mét a haduaith ┐ a hurgraine na hammaite ráinic ann ina ndocom, CCath. 4091 . d'fhághail bháis d'urghrain, AFM v 1584.4 . d'orghráin red dheilbh geruthaigh gcaoimh, Aithd. D. 73.21 . tré orghráin rés an mbás gcorpardha, TSh. 6748 . ro saraidh ind uili anmann indlighthech for . . . urghrain in dreadfulness, Stair Erc. 391 .

airnise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airnise or dil.ie/2326
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oirnisi, oirneisi

n f. collect., later oirnis, oirnéis; oirnisi f. IGT Decl. § 3.17 (oirnis proscribed as incorrect), n s. oirneisi, IGT ib. ex. 190, cf. 219 . implements, tools; vessels, utensils; means, expedient: ness a ainm, is uime dognīther ind aurnaisi criadh round it the earthen vessels are made, Corm. Y 975 ( Anecd. iv 83.24 ). ness ainm don aurnaisi chriadh feisin, ib. (84.3). rucus airnisi ṅgobann la hoscor (.i. cen goibnecht) i.e. the tools of a smith belong to one ignorant of smithcraft, ZCP xv 310 § 5 . gabais airnisi in gobann huili etir bulgu ┐ urdu ┐ indeōin cona cip, viii 304.36 . eneclann a ngoid a oirnisi (of the smith), Laws v 16.3 Comm. im airnisi tsair im airnisi gobann, i 124.3 . ní fuil crodh agum acht ma[d] m'oirnis gaibneachta 'the tools of my smith's craft', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 225 § 62.5 . órd nó túagh nó ball óirnéisi íarruin, 1 Kings vi 7 . don oirnis to thogh Críost ré básughadh bháis , TSh. 8472 . do ghléus sé dhó oirnéis an bháis , Psalms vii 13 . pl. is iad na boill fá hoirnisi ris na holcaibh do dhéanamh, TSh. 6735 . oirneise ḟola an Aird-ríogh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 9 (of Christ's wounds). bhail a rabhadar a foirnisi draoithechta, Ériu iv 51 § 10 .

Cf. airnéis.

áis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áis or dil.ie/2468

 

Forms: óis, áise

n Also óis. g s. áise. See Celtica vi 62 - 3 . free-will, consent: masa targud eicne . . . ma targud aisi, Laws iii 114.23 Comm. na tarta oircne i ṅdail na in á.¤ na i comáin . . . do Ghaedelu, Thr. Ir. Gl. 30.4 . = i n-áil nó a n-ascaid, Corm. Y 883 . ceannach an nighei-sin ar nimh / tabhair oram ar éigin / ná heirg i gceann áise a Eoin / gá fearr m'áisse ná m'aindeoin do not consult my wishes (a plea for intercession), Dán Dé i 5 . triallais in ben forecin fairsim uair forḟemid ais (the wife of Potiphar), LB 115b11 (= f. reme, Celtica iv 14.z ; f. hi chena, YBL 286b4 , but foremidh he chena, 63b29 , BB 237b43 ). maith a n-aís, olc a n-écen, BCC 284.z . Eire d'fhaicsin re ar n-ais ┐ re ar n-órdúghadh féin at our will and dis- position, ML 78.2 . d'eagla an bháis do bhí 'n-a dháil / achd gér bh'í a á.¤ a fhagháil, PBocht xxiii 10 . nách gabhann á.¤ gan éigean, Measgra D. 26.63 . ais .i. deoin, O'Cl.

In phr. ar á.¤ willingly (opposed to ar éicin unwillingly, see éicen): ceni thaisid ar ois daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 . ar oas, Ml. 83b15 . Saxain náró trebat Héirinn ar áiss nach ar éicin, Trip.² 1336 . daig cen co tucthá ar aís dobértha ar écin, TBC-LL¹ 132 . do chuinchid I. ar écin húair na hétar ar oais no ar charatradh, TTr.² 306 . noch an ar ais ro fríth an fear `the man's death was not cheaply obtained', ML 22.1 . cosnadh ar éiccin no ar á.¤ let him contest at all costs, Ériu iv 228 § 57 . mairg do raghadh uadh ar á.¤ , Dán Dé xxvi 42 . d'á.¤ willingly: in phoc ais acht mas d'ais on tuccadh pocc di, O'D. 2367 ( Rawl. B 506, 43 ). d'éigin nó d'á.¤ , Dán Dé ix 6 . ní fhuigheadh acht dá á.¤ é, xxiii 21 . dober lium d'ais nō d'ēcin ē, ZCP vi 47.19 . d'á.¤ an chaoimhniadh chomhachtaigh, Ó Bruad. iii 88 xix . Cf. also ní h-ás duit a n-aeninad, `thou shalt have no ease', De Contemptu 2390 (saer, v.l.) Leg. as (prep.)?

2 aiscid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aiscid or dil.ie/2475
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ascaid, asgaidh, aisgidh

i, f. vn. of ad-saig, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 606 . Also ascaid (perh. orig. separate word. Cf. escaid and see O'Brien, Celtica iii 171 ). See also LEIA asgaidh, aisgidh f. IGT Decl. § 149. Verbs § 71 .

(a) act of seeking, requesting; request, boon, favour: ag aisgead aithne bis i cill, O'Curry 268 ( H 3.18, 151 ). tucad disi ind ascid sin, LU 3151 . fálti fir connaig ascid sin, MU² 61 . conatuigh di ascaidh cusin righ, Lism. L. 1541 . rosgáid im ascaid andsin, Metr. Dinds. ii 70.49 . aisceadh bháis iarruim anocht, KMMisc. 368.1 . ba lond la H. in ascaid sin (the request for head of John the Baptist), PH 906 . ni ha.¤ charad ar charaid that is no friendly request, MR 306.16 . do shir mar aisgidh oram / sibh d'fhaigsin, DDána 58.14 . a n-iarraim gidh aisgidh dhoirbh, Dán Dé iii 21 . ní ro héradh eisiumh imon aisccidh sin, AFM vi 2232.4 .

(b) gift, present: tabar ascid dún . . . di búaib, LU 1561 . ros-b ía lind ┐ biad ┐ ascada, Sc.M² 4 . ránic cucum-sa . . . do chuingid aisceda, BDD² 266 . toirg dóib . . . aiscidi, 323 ( aisceda, LU 6803 ). ní . . . de ascedaib síde, TBFr. 16 . níba hascid a tharb trén / moa mbia comrac arm ṅgér, LL 8239 (TBC). bidh ascaid cluichi la Cesair sin ┐ bid nairi . . . daibsi, CCath. 5528 . etir eru ┐ aisced, RC xii 72 § 42 . do thabairt ascad . . . do, PH 2838 . ferr damh (dám?) asgath, ZCP x 51.10 . rucad tra in t-immun-sa . . . i commain na n-aisceda tuctha huad, Lib. Hymn. 63.36 . mar asgaidh . . . dhuid, Dán Dé xv 22 . do riodhnacht asccadha ioṁdha d'eochaibh . . . dó, AFM vi 2136.10 . an asgaidh chruidh, TD 3.39 .

Of a special type of gift for which a return had to be made at the end of a year (see Cóic Con. p. 73ff. ): dedhbir itir in cumain ┐ in a.¤ ┐ in urgais ┐ in tabairt . . . is ed is a.¤ and .i. ae scidh .i. scith lais inti do beir gan ni 'na haigid co cenn mbliadna, O'Curry 1209 ( H 3.18, 483 ab). ar id tri tidnacuil for sétaib cinmotha coibche .i. rath ┐ a.¤ ┐ aurgais . . . nach a.¤ no nach urgais nad [ic]aitir co cend mbliadhna is rat[h] iar mbliadhain co somaine iar sétaib, Cóic Con. 73 § 50 . comuin, ascada l[anam]nais, [ur]gais, 19 § 11. aisceda lanamnais .i. doberat na lanamna di araile, no do-beir cechtarde dib di araile .i. siur no ingen, 51 § 106. do commainibh ┐ do aiscedaibh ┐ d'urgais, Laws ii 192.1 Comm. (glossing cach idnucul). Cf. O'Dav. 164 . See airgais.

In phrase i n-a.¤ without payment, gratis, for nothing: athgabail ro gabadh ann i n-aiscidh . . . cin fogeltadh cin bleith bo, Laws i 228.25 Comm. ar comlogh no a n-aisci, ii 86.20 Comm. i ndeoladchaire [.i.] i n-aiscidh, iv 166.19 Comm. ro ḟáidh le bur n-inghin i n-aiscidh .i. le Fiondabair et ní tuc tindscra no coipche dhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 761 n. 10 . ní a naiscced dogeibhther anni iarrthar, Ériu v 138.125 . múnadh na n-ealadhan i n-aiscidh aca, Keat. iii 1486 . is ór i n-aiscid sút `that is gold thrown away', Mer. Uil. 139 . do reacabhair . . . a n-asguidh for nought, Isaiah lii 3 . ár fo-géba i n-ascid `thou shalt overcome him easily', MU² 1038 and Gloss. do gabhadh a chosae ┐ a lamha fair, go ffrith i naisccidh é so that he was captured easily, ZCP x 14.5 . Without requital, in vain, etc.: nár tháeth i n-ascid that he may not fall in vain, LU 6202 (TBC). goro marbtar a n-a.¤ , RC xii 90 § 109 . tuitfet-sa anaisci don each `I will fall on purpose from my horse' (i.e. fall without giving fight), Fier. 32 . ní cubaidh rinn ar faghail a n-aisgi (said by a leader exhorting his followers against superior numbers), ZCP vi 46.19 . gidhedh nocar marbhadh in asccaidh sin uair fuairsium feisin bás, AFM iii 522.5 . mac iarla . . . do thuitim in aisccid lá a easccairdibh `unrevenged', v 1778.5 . sūaill a n-aiscidh rohsīress I made few requests in vain, ZCP vii 305.30 . ná sireadh sé i n-asgadh (: asbal) oram `in vain', PBocht 26 § 35 . nocha racha an flaithius a n-aiscidh o P. can a digail, TTebe 1143 . In phr. léicid i n-aiscid goes to waste : nā léig fuil Chríosd i n-aisgidh 'do not let Christ's blood go to waste', Ériu lxiii 58 § 38 .

(c) act of seeking (esp. for lice) (cf. 2 escaid); examining: dorala ic ascaid chinn a brathar, Fél. 70.z . robai ina suidhe oc ascaid (ic aisce v.l.) a bruit, Corm. Y 502 . rosc ┐ rúsc .i. ōn ro-aisced bīs forru asberthar, 1122 .

amáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amáin or dil.ie/3061

 

Forms: ambain, immáin, amáin, a-bháin, a-mháin, aman, amhán

Mid. Ir. form of nammá, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 165 ; of amein, Vendr. Lex. In Mid. Ir. with unlen. -m(m)-: ammain, Mon. Tall. 136.8 . LU 2485 . TBC-LL¹ 449 . ambain, Mon. Tall. 127.17 . immáin, BColm. 60.12 . Note also in amáin, TBC-LL¹ 544 . Stressed on second syll., and in classical verse a-bháin, a-mháin alliterating with b(h)- and (less frequently) m(h)-. Note also aman: dál, SR 7254 . amhán, Mac Aingil 140 (see DDána Gloss . ).

adj (a) Following a noun and limiting it in sense only, and no more, and nothing else: cóic aige in amáin ba hé cuit fer [ṅ-]hErend, TBC-LL¹ 544 ( LL 8005 ). ind domnaichib ammain (sic leg., Edd.), Mon. Tall. 136.8 (§ 24) . ni dumada criadh nó fót amain not of earth and sods only, CCath. 3428 . sé chéad déag bliadhan amháin (= a-bháin) only 1600 years, Arch. Hib. i 84 § xv . gurab é an croidhi amhán do-nī é, Mac Aingil 140 . an ruibēr sin amhāin eidirdealaiges etorra `nothing except the river divides them', Fl. Earls 38.2 . lóirghníomh Chríostt . . . téid amháin a ttarbha do chách which alone profits, Mac Aingil 5204 .

With prec. acht: ni fogni laisim fachmarc scel dóib, acht a torbai frisa tíagad ambain, Mon. Tall. 127.17 (§ 2) . acht innocht amain, CCath. 2698 . acht a ccurp comhfhocuil amháin save only in the interior of a compound word, IGT Introd. 3.3 . ní fhuair buime Dé . . . acht Eoin Bruinne abháin, Dán Dé ii 26 . acht so amháin is maith aithnim / fearg an mhéirghil `it is this alone . . . that causes the anger', TD 8.36 . With follg. acht: leis ní háir don uile bhean / amháin acht Muire maighdean, Arch. Hib. i 100 § xxii . amain acht tri deichneabair save only, BB 29a41 . amháin acht lucht aenethair, AFM i 354.6 .

With cid: cid ina insi fadessin amáin even into his own island, Mon. Tall. 128.24 (§ 4) .

With pron.: cidhed aman ba hingnad, SR 7254 . nocha hí abháin acht an bhas not only that but . . ., Dán Dé ix 5 . ní hé so amháin acht bheith ullamh ó chroidhe, Desid. 1605 . ní hiad amháin fuair . . . acht drong mhór oile, TSh. 92 . ní headh amháin achd atá an saoghal uile . . ., Desid. 90 . ní hé amháin acht as adhbhal an tiongnadh, Ó Héodhusa 54.5 . ní hē amhāin trí lá achd an feadh as toil lém Thigherna not for three days only but . . ., Mac Aingil 3798 . Hence with omission of acht giving phr. tantamount to moreover, in addition: ní hé amháin ní ghabhuid . . . moreover they do not take, Párl. na mB. 542 . as beg dhíobh nách bí contrárdha dá chéile na ccreideamh; ní hé amháin bídh enduine amháin díobh go minic contrardha dhó féin . . ., Ó Héodhusa 34.9 . ní hé amháin ní ṡaoilim go nanfadh duine ar bioth angioll ar a creideamh innte . . ., 36.6 . ní hé amháin nar an ar aonord / gar do cháidh do chaollorg Críosd, PBocht 1.10 . Note also: cia amháin do iarr a oighidh ? who ever asked for death ? Aithd. D. 64.22 .

With n. pr. gé do ríne Muire amháin / an líne uile d'eadráin `by herself', Dán Dé xvii 28 .

adj (b) Hence with sg. noun one: bráthair a-bháin, IGT Decl. ex. 1290 . lēige amhāin one league (only), Fl. Earls 86.14 . mellion amháin, 82.6 .

More frequ. with prec. óen: éngheall abháin one single pledge, TD 22.10 . d'ēin-inntinn amháin `with one accord', Fl. Earls 132.14 . éin-pheacadh amháin, TSh. 9187 . énchrann amhāin a single tree, Desid. 495 .

(c) Less commonly with verb: an toradh bhlaismíd amháin the fruit which we merely taste, Desid. 6667 . anaid amain, RC x 66.12 (anaidsi namma, v.l.).

adj (d) Limiting the meaning of a phrase: amháin as a árdmhaith `in His goodness alone' (Gloss.), Desid. 2990 . amháin ar eagla pian, Mac Aingil 206 . a cuirp do cur dar longphort immach amain `only to throw . . .', CCath. 3493 . ag dénamh amháin na hurnuighthi . . . órduighthear dhúinn just by reciting the prayers, Mac Aingil 5067 . don té do-ní an aithridhi amháin a bpongc an bháis , 6658 .

With a clause with finite verb: focheird deit chubus ammain la slemni `merely send him away from thy confession gently', Mon. Tall. 128.3 (§ 2) . dia torset cucaind imáin `if only they come to us', BColm. 42.1 . dēna-sa in fuine immáin `only begin to bake', 60.12 . nī mōr go rāngatar amach assin gcathraigh amāin `they had scarcely left the city', Fl. Earls 146.20 . a choissrecadh assa mbiadh amhāin i n-a teghduiss . . . etorguide in choimdedh aca `to . . . consecrate it so that it might serve only as . . . ', 112.14 .

In phr. acht a.¤ save that, however, nevertheless: acht ammáin is ferr in becan sa díb d'innsin, LU 2485 . acht amháin go maireann drithle gan dul as, O'Gr. Cat. 473.1 . eirgit uile . . . acht amāin ro buī gnē ēgcruais fiaprasa ar in ierla, Fl. Earls 174.22 . Note also: acht nad bet sin cháir chomraic itát ammáin provided only that they be not, TBC-LL¹ 449 . ní headh acht amháin do chum seirbhísi Dé do dhéanamh, Desid. 1663 .

anbúained

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anbúained or dil.ie/3427

 

ind = anbúaine?: teanndhaladh ┐ anbhuaneadh an bháis `dismay', RC xxiii 18.21 .

antium

Cite this: eDIL s.v. antium or dil.ie/3808

 

n (Lat. loanword): do thinnscuin a tosach lai a bhais in a.¤ molta so anthem , BLism. 116rb9 .

articol, airtecal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. articol, airtecal or dil.ie/4337
Last Revised: 2019

 

n o, m. (Lat. articulus)

(a) article (gramm.): diambe articol ┐ pronomen and, Sg. 198b6 . articol, 61a6 ; 207b7 . arberat pronomen asa n-artocol son, 198b7 . aitrebthach con artucol, 9 . engracus ṅarticuil, 61a5 . ainmnid airticuil, 212b14 . dobeirsem in da articul híc, 76b2 . cetna airtecul ármide .i. in umir séda, MacCongl. 49.z .

(b) article of faith: is é an t-airtecal sin is mó dheliges itir na Cristaidi ┐ iatt, Maund. 118 . ní fuil gach airteccal da fuil accuinne don creidim acu, 242 . airteagail uaisle an chreidimh, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 5 . an chuid eile dh'airteaglaibh an chreidmhi, Desid. 3648 .

(c) article, clause of an agreement, etc.: fios na n-airteccal ┐ na ccoinghell ar a ngebhdais sith doibh fein, AFM vi 2044.19 .

(d) part, division (of a discourse etc.): do réir S. Tomás . . . san aonmhadh airteagal déag don .82. ceist, TSh. 4956 . ex eo articulo claudicus aeger . . . periculum est .i. as guasachtach an teaslán do bheith bacach on airtecalsa, 23 K 42, 235.6 .

(e) point of time, moment: in airtical ... .i. a tosach an lái in the article, that is, in the beginning of the day, ITS xxxiv 116 § 61 (cf. Gen. vii 13 ). a n-airteagal bhais `in articulo mortis', Rule of Tallaght § 13 . a n-airtecal báis, ITS xix 94.22 . Hence: do chaoi Pilib is Peadar / 'gat fhaicsin i n-airteagal, Dán Dé xv 24 . a n-aimsir an airteagail, O'R. Poems 2310 .

1 áth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áth or dil.ie/4601

 

n u, m. IGT Decl. § 95 . ford (commonly as scene of battle or single combat): á.¤ gl. vadum, Sg. 53b6 . ath .i. inadh, ut est, eislind gach á.¤ , O'Curry 978 (H 3.18, 422a). for u[r] ind átho, Trip.² 1573 . co farnactar C.C. for á.¤ ara cind, MU² 1040 . bó do lécud forsind á.¤ aníar, LU 4472 . imgaibtir athai ┐ ergala rém ḟúath ┐ rem erud, 10275 . forsna hathu ┐ forsna linniu, 6097 . udi tri lá . . . for áthaib, 8137 . dorat comlund ar ath dó, CRR 52 . i nn-athaib ┐ i nn-indberaib na haband, TTebe 3512 . bord gach átha, IGT Decl. ex. 993 . fala re cách d'ú Chréidhe / á.¤ abha ní haighbhéile, Magauran 2311 . go Iordan gonuige na háthanna, Joshua ii 7 . Fig.: ? for ath n-uamain .i. for in n-ái n-áith is uamon la cách .i. ind écsi, RC xxvi 28 § 117 . co nach tāras á.¤ nā anacul ar na hairdrīgaib so that there was no refuge or safeguard from the kings(?), ML² 1223 . a fhearg ní há.¤ iondula, DDána 100.30 . á.¤ an bháis madh domhain dóibh, 30.31 . do mhíorbhail mná an ríleinibh / ath díoghla gur dhúineabhair, Aithd. D. 60.37 . ? ar cách do chuir ó Craoidhe / nach bhfuil á.¤ na hégaoine, O'R. Poems 3885 `i.e. that he is no more is an occasion (opportunity) for the lamentation(?)', p. 244 .

In transfd. sense of open space or hollow between two objects: reltanda na firmaiminti ┐ atha in aeoir passages(?), TTebe 1218 . rosiacht á.¤ a da himdad in folt, LU 4230 . co n-érrmadair á.¤ a da chulad co ndeochaid for a béolo, 6025 (cf. Celtica iii 168 ). folt . . . corrici āth a dá gūaland, TBC-I¹ 3146 . á.¤ an ochta, DDána 31.27 .

In phrase do-gheibh (fo-gaib) á.¤ ar finds a way to overcome; finds a means of achieving: co fagdaeis ath ┐ uaicnes ar imthecht a conair eili uatha sin (of a host hemmed in by foes on its line of march), Celt. Rev. iv 204.z . fuair tráth éigin tar a holc / á.¤ ar a héigin d'fhurtocht (of Mary Magdalen), Dán Dé xxi 4 . fagh dhúinne á.¤ ar a n-aimhleas find us a way to overcome their malice (to the Blessed Virgin), PBocht 1.38 . fuair ar mbiodhbha d'á.¤ oirn-ne, DDána 11.28 . Note also: dobhuailte gach áth oraibh, Dánta Gr. 16.104 . dá mealltáoi ar áoi n-annsa, / na háith oram-sa `if through softness of heart the fords were forced against me', Ériu ix 4.26 ( Dánta Gr. 41.25 ).

Freq. in nn. loc., see AU Index, Hog. Onom. etc.

báeglach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báeglach or dil.ie/5130

 

adj o, ā (báegul) off one's guard, unguarded; exposed to danger, in jeopardy; dangerous, fearful, to be feared: ba baglach (.i. ba baeglach) intan no labrad [i] sochaide unguarded (?), ZCP xv 306.4 (`war ein Fehler-Macher (schien falsch zu urteilen)'). gáibthech cech báeth/b. cech labor `runs a risk', Tec. Corm. § 15.8 . arnábad baeglach no betis, RC xiii 442 § 15 ( LL 37173 ). is baeglach in codlud dogni, Aen. 879. lá na breithi baedhlaighi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332.16 . níor ghabh guaisneimh re nguin mbaoghlaig[h], DDána 110.3 . baoghlach `in peril', Aithd. D. 50.26 . is báeghlach an tslige sin .i. coillti dlúithe isle, Maund. 56. gur ní ró bhaoghlach tuitim a lámhaibh an Dé bhí, Donlevy 218.x . is ró-bhaoghlach . . . gur lochtach faoisidin na druinge . . ., 140.x. Compar. and superl. is é sin inad ina baeghlaighi sibul ar fairrgci díb, Maund. 37. gur neartmhaire ┐ gur baoghluighe cathuighe an diabhail ann aimsir an bháis , Donlevy 388.6 .

1 bas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bas or dil.ie/5442

 

Forms: bos, bos, bas, bass, bassa, bosi, -seng

n ā, f. Also bos. bos bas, IGT Decl. § 39. See ZCP xviii 111.

(a) palm of the hand : bass `palma', Ir. Gl. 94. na bassa gl. palmas, Gild. Lor. 58. ní bí acht oen díb for a bais (of a juggling feat), BDD² 1168. benaid a hurlond fria bais co ba trí (of feat with lance), 1234 . éicnech ra imluaid a bais / ar a ḟindgruaid Enechglais, LL 7126. rosṁbī Brigit fria boiss (bois, v.l.) `against her palm', Thes. ii 346.5 (Hy.v). isat bána do bassa, TFerbe 711 . etrocht b.¤ fo beind mbuabaild bright the hand about a drinking-horn, IT iii 19 § 54. oc ool usci da bois builid, SR 1893. do bhárr a bhoise no imaineadh cach aeghaire feis cacha fidbaidi `with the palms of his hand', MR 100.18 . ro-s-buailset dia mbassaib ┐ dornaib a gnuis, PH 117. dearg an bh.¤ gidh bé ar a geall `red His hand', Dán Dé ix 16 . a-tá 'gan chol b.¤ rem béal `sin raises its hand against me', xxiii 31 . as a basuibh bairr-gheala, Ériu iv 112.26 . gur buail b.¤ Críst in comlaid, 116.22 . ruc leis e ar bharr baisi he took him by the hand, 56.22 . dá ngabha mo bhais , Aithd. D. 40.10 . le bárr méir baise, Hackett xx 22 . daringni rethrean rebach bossi di (sc. of the spear of Saturn), LL 31778 ( TTr. 967 ). In name of a metre: debide baisi fri toin, IT iii 18 § 49 , bosi, 46 § 71 .

With prep. I in possession, control : an tir na bhais gé do beadh `in his hand [possession],' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 412.17 .

In phrase b.¤ do thabhairt fá to reject : b.¤ do thabhairt fá bhréagánaibh an tsaoghail, TSh. 6984.

As object with vbs. of beating, striking, expressing grief or other emotion: adsoirg a bossa la sodain he beats his hands (of Bricriu on seeing his ruined house), LU 8383 ( FB 25 ). robuailsetar basa leo `they smote their palms', TTebe 2253 . rontuaircc a uassv ( = bhassu), Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2. tug . . . / treas fan uaigh ar bualadh bos, Rel. Celt. ii 234.40 .

Of capacity: co tuca nech dib . . . bais gráin do `a handful of grain', Laws iii 382.7 Comm. bass dina fertsib immon creitt `a handful ', TBC-LL² 4819 . Of hoofs, claws, etc. of animals and birds: b.¤ ind Ḟind `the White Bull's hoof', Metr. Dinds. iii 372.17 . co ruildetar a mbossa ┐ a n-eti dind usciu (of birds), LU 3265 ( SCC 6 ). cét mb.¤ for cach laim ┐ cét ningen for cach bais (of an infernal monster), RC iv 252.27 . nosnáitis muir dia mbossa ( = mbassaib, ed.) `they (i.e. ravens) paddled the sea with their feet', Metr. Dinds. iii 258.2 . eoin bas ndearg, Aithd. D. 9.9 .

(b) Extended applications: ballan boisi boighi .u. uingi `a boige is a small vessel with a handle', O'Dav. 201. do basaibh na ruádhrámha blades, CCath. 1934. do bhais fidraidh corcra cruind `with . . . wooden oar-blade', Magauran 1284 .

(c) As measure of length or breadth: ceithri orlaighi i mbais, teora basa i troighid, Laws iii 334.20 Comm. (see ZCP xiv 358 ). tinne laime .i. b.¤ a tiget a tinne, ii 252.8 Comm. is inann in fiche dorn so ┐ in tricha b.¤ tall i mbrethuib neimhe, 23 Comm. trí bassa téchtai: bass etir a assa ┐ a ochrai, bass etir a ó ┐ a berrad, bass etir chorthair a léined ┐ a glún `three lawful handbreadths', Triads 222 . ba cáilithir b.¤ (= unius palmae mensura), Aisl. Tond. 100.3 .

Compds. With adjj. ¤gel having white hands: Ainnli baisgel, IT ii2 137.13 . ¤lebar: slat bhoisleabhar ón mBóinn mir (of Maguire), DDána 75.42 . ¤lethan (of a horse) having broad hoofs: gabur . . . b.¤ , LU 8626 ( FB 47 ). -seng having slender hands: síodhaidhe boisseang (of Maguire), DDána 70.10 . With subst. and vn. ¤béimnech beating of hands (to show emotion): nuall . . . ┐ basbemnech ┐ ecaine, LB 154b35 . ¤orguin act of beating the hands: dogní in bosórguin se oc gait a bíd aire ar écin, LU 6927 (BDD). See basc(h)rann, basgaire.

1 bás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bás or dil.ie/5444

 

Forms: bása, báis, bh., -guin

o, n. later m. ? vn. of baïd, see GOI § 728 ; Wortk. 182. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96 , g s. bása proscribed form, see exx. 758 , 1717 . death: bās ebraice (rectius ba's arabice, ed.), tribulatio uel angustiae uel mors latine , O'Mulc. 129. bidba . . . .i. bis mortis .i. fer adroilli a bās fo di bidba sin, 147 . b.¤ gl. letum, Sg. 173a9 . báas péne no quando caro moritur , Wb. 4a11 . ni áirmithi ar aithis a mb.¤ n-isin `that death', 15d12 . as comacus a mb.¤ `that death is near', Ml. 64a2 . b.¤ ṅAróin, Fél. July 1 . táircet báas dúib, Wb. 3b8 . immefolṅget b.¤ , 13c4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe `was guilty of death', 1d15 . co llaa a mbáis, 5b4 . i llau baíss, 29c2 . batir inricci du báas, 5c14 . a b.¤ i mbethith, 13d17 . ni fiu leu b.¤ n-aill du techt forru `that another death should come upon them', Ml. 139c3 . ní dergenat mú b.¤ gl. extinctionis, 80a9 . ecal ar b.¤ `afraid of death', 109d1 . tri bas, 16d2 . frescisiu (sic leg. edd.) in báis, 69b3 . cid fri geld bais no beth `at the point of death', Mon. Tall. 145.4 . diambe hi fiadnaisi ind bais istig `present . . . at the death', 153.9 . a bbas peccaid `from death of sin', Thes. ii 351.17 . di bliadin re mbas dáu `two years before his death', 238.18 . is amlaid tregdas rinn na fergai in anmain co n-imfolngai bās do suidiu, ZCP iii 26.28 , mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5019. is missi conairgeba b.¤ ┐ éc ┐ aided forro, TBC-LL¹ 4271. o básaib na n[d]óine necraibdech, RC ii 388 § 13. a bas no a hinnarbu that he should be put to death, SR 3732. rith for b.¤ a course toward death, 1666 . o chéin fo garbchacht báis brón, 2227. ronlín bochta, ronbás bath (? = ron bath b.¤ death has slain us), 4059 . ro gabh galar a báis eissiumh `his death-illness', RC xxv 398 § 16. ba cuma liom b.¤ no ég, IT ii 2.116.4 . roichfidh an b.¤ céadna gach aon, TSh. 13. cuireadh chum baiss e `he was executed', Celtica i 245.16 .

In various phrases: gell do b.¤ pledge, security for redemption from death (?), see gell. Note also: forgo set as tualing gill de fri bas do sannad, Laws v 436.24 . b.¤ fri adart lit. death against a pillow i.e., natural death: iss é aen dochúaidh b.¤ fri hadhart díbh é, Cóir Anm. 64. b.¤ do rinn death by the sword: fuair b.¤ do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 . b.¤ do rinn na féile fuair `the sharp point of his own generosity which slew him', Magauran 1174 . b.¤ di thairr death in childbirth: bās mnā fothlai no forcuir no fuataig di thairr, ZCP xv 350 § 39 , cf. Laws v 486.9 , 488.1 Comm. In expression fót báis (specific, sometimes destined) place of death (see M. Carney, Arv (Journal of Scandinavian Folklore, Uppsala) xiii (1957) 173): ar a fhod bais, ZCP x 32.8 . go fód a bháis do bhiadh sin / ag triall ar áis no ar éigin, Book of O'Conor Don, 230b.

With prepp. íar fácbáil a thigernai lia a námtiu i mb.¤ dead at the hands of his enemies, BDD² 1524. D. . . . a mb.¤ ona braithrib fein `died by his own brothers', RC xvii 388.11 (Tig.). fri re ciana i mbas, Fen. 176.17 . ┐ e 'sa mbas while he was dying, BCC 414.3 . foracbad iarom A. . . . fri b.¤ `then A. was left . . . dying', Ériu xii 166.2 . turbuid . . . lega do neoch biss fri bas, Laws i 266.z .

Attrib. g s.: ind ibair báis neimnich `the deadly poisonous yews', Sg. 33b11 . do ceitri beimennaibh brigmura bais `mortal blows', ZCP vi 46.9 . galar bāis a mortal illness, TFrag. 14.1 . pairithis bháis , ZCP v 229.10 ( Midnight court 950 ). In expression mac báis, oppd. to mac bethad, see macc). As accus. (but perh. in Trip.² 444 below with dat.) of vbs. téit, fo-gaib dies: tiagait báas n-anapaig, Wb. 11d12 . a mb.¤ tiagmeni, 15b28 . irlaim do dul baís cach dia gl. morientes, 16a3 . a techt bas (sic) ind, Trip.² 444. o ro gab gaisced co ndeochaid b.¤ , LU 9044 ( FB 79 ). in bas dochoid in cetri, Rawl. 163a29 . is bec na dechaid dianbas (: ssás) she almost died a sudden death, SR 1720. b.¤ sochraid do thecht dó `to die an honourable death' (Gloss.), PH 6544. scolóc . . . o muintir fen fuair bas, RC xvii 375.27 (Tig.). ba derb lais conid bas foruair Sir L., x 186.32 . do horduigheadh dona daoinibh aon-uair amháin b.¤ d'fhagháil (= statutum est hominibus semel mori), TSh. 2. fuair F. / b.¤ ann, DDána 64.18 . Note also: dá ndeach le b.¤ mbeannaighthe (a mb.¤ bh., v.l.) `if he depart by a blessed death', Studies 1918, 282 § 16 .

Compds. ¤chaín having a gentle death: Cairpri B. .i. b.¤ caín fuaír `a gentle death', Cóir Anm. 64. ¤étach grave-clothes: ceanguilte ris an bháiséadach, John xi 44 (ed. 1828, earlier edd. have ris a nais-). -guin act of wounding fatally; deadly wound: iongnadh leo, 's gan a mbás-ghoin, BNnÉ 153.27 . a mmír ṁbastidbarthae ` death-bringing ', Ml. 76a16 .

bern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bern or dil.ie/5714

 

Forms: berna, beirn, berne, bearn, Bernai, bernad, berna, bearnaidh, bearna

n ā, f. also berna , d and n. a s. B. Chon Culaind, RC viii 54.20 ( LL 13397 ). d s. b.¤ , Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad., v 93 § 30 , beirn, LL 17995 , g s. berne, AFM v 1636.9 . bearn f., IGT Decl. § 39. a s. Bernai, Corp. Gen. 206.17 . g s. cacha bernad , LL 8030. berna f., IGT Decl. § 4. a s. bearnaidh, Éigse xiv 98 § 29. g s. bearna, § 28 .

Gap, breach; pass, defile; hence weak position in defence or attack: dot luid i mbernai (ar berna, v.l.) ar-mo chenn-sa thou camest into the breach against me, Sc.M² 13. is b.¤ ina coṅgaib catha a breach in their battle position, CRR 57. do coimét na mbernd cumung robui ag techt aran slia[bh], ZCP vi 56.10 . annsa mbeirn = in the gap, Ez. xxii 30. aonfhear faire re seasamh gach beárnan, Keat. Poems 463. nī fhūicēb-sa an b.¤ (bern—, v.l.) sin dom c[h]onāch gan caithem, ML² 1412. bearna as mo ré `a part of my life-span', Dán Dé xvii 8 . ar bearna an bháis , DDána 30.6 . ? berna a eric, Laws ii 98.6 .i. ar in fechiumh nos gaibh, uair do rochuir ní di, 13 Comm. b.¤ na ngrás gur daingen duid refuge , IGT Decl. ex. 411.

In phrr. b.¤ , berna churad, ¤míled etc. breach made or occupied by a warrior, etc.: ruc beirnd curad . . . dar cath na nAnmarcach, Cog. 188.23 . ra briss beirn míled i cath na ṅGréc, LL 32300 ( TTr. 1488 ). do bris b.¤ céit isin cath i n-urc[h]omair a aigthi `made a breach of a hundred', Fianaig. 90.30 . berna cēt, TBC-I¹ 3672. Phr. b.¤ báegail undefended or weak position in defence or attack: a ḟágbáil ar bernadaib bǽgail nó ar doirrsib aideda, Mer. Uil.² 99. ni b.¤ bægail in læch fuil and `no easy victim', Aen. 750. See gábud . Hence b.¤ position of danger, strait; fight: iar ṁbrath na mb.¤ , Rawl. 69a27 . suan ón bheirn `from fight' (Vocab.), O'Hara 2609. re ndul san mbeirn, Dán Dé xxv 21 . gap; break, flaw in general: (expl. Bernán Brigte, name of saint's bell) foceirt forru co mmebaid ass a bernn `its gap broke out of it' (i.e. a piece broke off), Trip. 114.14 . (of a drinking-horn) sēt blāith cen beirn ` ungapped ', Measgra Uí Chl. 150 § 19. an bhearn do-cháidh san chloinnse `the gap thus broken in her family' (by a death), Aithd. D. 13.10 . dar bernadaib in inair sin, Acall. 5808 n . tar beirn na luirige, BB 435b46 .

Compds. trias na beilgibh bernbriste dorónadh las an ordanas broken into gaps, AFM vi 2300.2 . See berrbróc. beilge berncairrgidhe na banBhoirne, Hugh Roe 242.13 .

1 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bir or dil.ie/5933
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: biur, biur, ṁbir, biur, beura, bear, bearann

n u, n. Later m. O. Ir. biur, b.¤ a s. biur, TBC-I¹ 1255 , a nōmad ṁbir , 1258 . d s. biur, LU 5733. n a p. beura, Sg. 67b11 ( GOI 198 ). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71. g p. bear, ex. 1544 , bearann (: fearann), ex. 1541 .

Stake, spit; point; spear; spike: beura gl. sudes, Sg. 67b11 . sudum .i. inna[m]bir, Gild. Lor. 152. bir a ueru , O'Mulc. 151. braga .i. b.¤ -āga. Aige ainm b.¤ , Corm. Y 161. berid .ix. mbera culind . . . laiss nine spits of holly (for use as spears), LU 5726. sríd N. biur for C.C., 5728 . for rind in bera, 5729 . focheird-sium b.¤ for C., TBC-LL¹ 1947. biaid do chend ar bir, 3476 . for rindriis na mbera, LU 5733. gan nach n-arm . . . acht b. iairn ina láim, TBC-LL¹ 4245. beara iaraind, Todd Nenn. 60.3 . coica bera ara mbái rind / tuc leis do beraib cáirthind, RC vii 300.9 , 10 . nochan fuaratar b.¤ na bundsach isin tsligid-sin, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 . secht mbeara fiched d'iaron aithleghtha, RC xxix 124 § 27. co mberaib gera iairn `with sharp spikes of iron', PH 1240. bera bodba biraithi `darts', Cog. 160.27 . do soighdib . . . ┐ do beraib birgéra ┐ do laighnibh . . . lánmóra, Acall. 2829 v.l. do hinnledh na beara ┐ na r[e]anna uile ar a cheann `spears and darts', RC xxix 124 § 31. an bior ar nach rabha rinn, DDána 3.38 . agá dtreaghdadh do bhearaibh troma teinntidhe (one of the pains of hell), TSh. 1979. gin bera gin slegadh `stakes or spikes', Laws i 304.17 Comm. i ninde bera na corad stake of the (fishing) weir, Ériu xvii 68 § 9.12 ( Laws iv 212.12 Comm. ) ineich doberar a ind in uisci, for ind in bera, in t-iasc, Laws v 478.8 Comm. go mbearuibh omhna `with wooden shafts' (notes), O'R. Poems 684. mé do lá b.¤ 'na bonnaib `I thrust a spike into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . lorg bear a bhonn mbeoghonta, DDána 54.14 . sa derna do bhí fan mbir (: fuilngir), IGT Decl. ex. 1149. b.¤ bodba `warlike point', TTebe 2818 . acht muna faice bera no slega `unless he saw the dangerous thing', (lit. `spikes or spears',) Laws i 178.15 Comm. iii 500.23 Comm. Cf. beara .i. sleagha, O'Cl.

Cooking or roasting spit: b.¤ bruinnes, LL 3649 (see Petrie Tara, Plate 8). b.¤ co lúdh, YBL 419a27 (Petrie Tara 189, 5-9). b.¤ Neithin, fulacht na Morrígna, inneóin in Dagda `N.'s spit', Triads 120 . ro iorlamhaighsit . . . do bhior ┐ do choire by roasting and boiling, TFrag. 72.15 . féoil om ar beraib ca[e]rthind `on spits of rowan', RC vii 300.16 . láeig beca ar beraib / a fedaib Cáibden, LL 37949 ( SG 364.33 ).

Other applications: fūaratar bās do beruib / ōn muic dísgir druimremuir `by the tusks' (of a boar), Fianaig. 54.19 . dothuit hi Fidga . . . di bir ois antler (?), ZCP xii 238 § 63. earca brech biathuis da b.¤ .i. gai `countless wolves fed he with his spear' ( MS. Mat. 481.11 ), LL 380b38 = LL 6398. `plug or tent for a wound (?),' TBC St. Gloss.: do lingetar a bera (sic leg., ed.) dhe, ib. 4905 . Expld. as hand in B. na f.: beara (.i. lāmha) nach lang (.i. fada), ZCP v 484 § 6 (= ZCP iii 378.13 ). Of dressing for a wound (or a tent ?): do lingeatar a bhera de co raithin cinn bera, Éigse ix 186 n. 14 (24 P 4 p. 211) .

Compds. With nouns: foghluim an bhiorchleasa `dart- feat', RC xxix 126 § 32. barrthagar / birchogad, IT iii 105 § 208 . bir-crand (.i. in berb-crand, 484.18 Comm.) treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 . biorchrainn caola slender arrows, DDána 111.23 . do gaínib ┐ birínib ┐ slegínib ┐ birchruadib `hard points' (Táin 2222), TBC-LL¹ 2544 = LU 6401. bir chúaille (? birch.) `sharp spike', Imr. Brain 65.28 . garbeccur grainemail do birfiaclaib barrglassa `of spiky teeth', CCath. 4027. Trí Bior-ghaoithe an Bháis `Three Shafts of Death' (here perh. in sense of tent for a wound, C. O'Rahilly, Éigse ix 186 ), TSh. p. 1. le racht biorghlóir `in sharp-voiced rage', Ó Bruad. iii 212.14 . sída is sróll . . . / sréin is buabae is birtenga, some kind (or part) of horse's headdress (?), SG 249.21 . ? Leg. bir-theng[th]a cooking-spits (?) Fil Súil nGlais 51 .

With adjj.: in torc . . . cusna fiaclaibh bir-athi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. eich . . . bir-cheanda with pointed heads, Leb. Cert. 212.10 . do bogadaib bircennaip, CCath. 5442. cor bo birḟocus cach fonnud issin charput sin next to a point, TBC-LL¹ 2544. do gháibh bega birghéra, Acall. 1802. do beraib bodba birguirt rinnaithi keen-pointed, CCath. 3154. See berach (b).

bláth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláth or dil.ie/6086
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: blas

n u and o, m., IGT Decl. § 38.

(a) flower, blossom: in cróib n-arggait fua b.¤ ḟind `with white blossoms', Imr. Brain 2. di bolod ┐ blath na lubi, LU 10641 ( TE 130.26 ). errach cen blathu `without flowers', RC xxvi 46 § 231. iarmibebat blatha, § 242 ( Rawl. 111b42 ). ac tebersin a mbláith ┐ a nduille `dropping their blossoms', Ériu iii 156 § 9. bolad . . . dia blathaib, ii 118 § 52 . concanad a bile ┐ a blaith fri tethacht na ngaeth, § 54. b.¤ na dercan, Airne F. 50. tuigithir blath inbith, Ériu xxii 41.z. ar a blath `for its (sc. the elm's) bloom ', Auraic. 5620. duille ┐ b.¤ ┐ mess, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.7 . blatha na fínemna, PH 4242. (of a miracle) in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath trómm, 1318 . na luibe ┐ na blata . . . ro loisced iad a comurta idbarta, Grail 3096 . an chnú ní 'n-a b.¤ beantair `in blossom', Dán Dé vii 15 . in brága mar b.¤ air- neadh, Ériu iv 218.6 . a mbeól a bláith beginning to flower, IGT Decl. ex. 992. teist . . . an fhéir nó an bhláith, Keat. Poems 698. i n-aimsir an bhlátha `in the spring', Keat. iii 526 . (plant name) nenufar .i. blath uisgce water-lily , C IV 2, 31 rb z .

Fig. (Brigit) in chróib co mbláthib, Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). (of the Blessed Virgin) ar n-éanchoillne fa bh.¤ `blooming hazel-tree', Aithd. D. 72.5 . (of Jesus) b.¤ fréimhe na fírinne, 75.40 . b.¤ fréime maicne Mílid `the flower of M'.s progeny', O'Gr. Cat. 372.10. cin blath na ndegním, Grail 1467 . (name of a metal) litairgi[r]um .i. blath in luaidhe `flower of lead', ACL i 328 § 88.

In follg. perh. fragrance: as follus nach as a blasannaib na as a mblathaib athainter naduiri na corp nadurtha ` odour ', Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.2 . ? ní-tháinic a-talmain fín is-comaith bladh ris, RC xxiv 376.14 (perh. leg. blas with Ériu ii 118 § 54 ).

(b) In other fig. or extended applications. bloom, (bright) colour; flourishing appearance, condition: olcus a blatha `his ill colour', Mon. Tall. 159.22 . ni bu messa de a blath, Vita B. 5. etach maith immi. b.¤ maith fair, LL 14558. b.¤ bruinne bran sheen (?), Ériu ix 46 § 14. b.¤ óir ara fhoircettlaibh (a saint), BNnÉ 281 § 267 . deich n-eich a n-uair blátha bladaig `in their prime and fame', Leb. Cert.² 120. ba maith blāth in claideb lat `see that the sword is kept in good condition' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 934. do bh.¤ do chríon, a cholann beauty , DDána 1.15 . re faghbháil bháis do bh.¤ na hóige, Keat. Poems 130. co mblathaibh .i. co subhaltaibh, Stowe Gl. 261 , cf. 246 . (of salvation) dar bpeacadh do bhean a bh.¤ , DDána 3.21 . biaid cach mí dó inna b.¤ every month shall be prosperous for him (the just prince), ZCP xi 87 § 52. a b.¤ . . . ┐ a beathamnass `her prosperity . . . and her supplies', Ériu iv 148.1 . a hana, a himmed, a blátha, a bēta, 162.31 . séan 'n-a bhládh, DDána 93.28 . In phr. bláth banda menstruation : mailli re fuil mista darub comhainm asin innsgni choitc[inn] an blath banda .i. mar na tabhraid na craind torad gan blath as mar sin na tabhraid na mna torad coir gan blath, Irish Texts v 14.17 . do chifi an bean gnathaighes sin an blath banda, Irish Texts v 18y .

Compds. With adj. forsin ngas mbiroir mblathguirt of bitter-flowered watercress, Fél.² lxxxix 36. With nouns. blaith-bhile borrfadach Breagh `proud-blossomed tree', MR 96.2 . do bith fo brúch a bláth-buird `blooming bank', Metr. Dinds. iii 260.14 . do chloinn Bhanbha bhláth-bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1020. céad bláthchraobh ann re fhighe `bright strands' (of hair), Magauran 1865 . blāithfleasg `a garland of flowers', Eg. Gl. 684. ar bordaibh bruach-ṡoillsi blath-indber `beautiful harbours', MR 102.7 . With n. pr. bláth-Ḟergus prosperous Fergus, Ériu iv 98 § 28a .

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