Search Results

Your search returned 45 result(s).

3 ail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 ail or dil.ie/956

 

n something pointed, weapon(?) (perh. same word as 1 ail Less likely to be an inference from rinnal (cf. rind-, bíail below. See Vendr. Lex.): Rinnal .i. rendail .i. a.¤ reanna, ar is leis rotinnscanadh rinn for arm ar tús, Cóir Anm. 268 . biail .i. bith-ail .i. bifōebar, Corm. Y 126 . bith .i. sir, a.¤ .i. faebhur, ib. note 8 . a.¤ .i. arm, O'Cl. intí nach tibra a a.¤ ┐ a urraind (leg. urlaind) air siut nóco torchair lib hé, Acall. 6040 . Cheville: co nidnaib a.¤ , SR 2827 .

airtem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airtem or dil.ie/2422
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airthema, airthem, airtim, artemu

n o, m. (? cf. Sprache xliv 43 ) (but cf. g s. airthema, LL 12540 ). Also airthem. n p. airtim, Sc.M² 23 . a p. artemu, ZCP xviii 297.7 . Name of a measure of length , (according to glossators the fist with thumb extended): a.¤ .i. feardorn ut est . . . airdide in t-a.¤ uasa .i. in feardorn, O'Dav. 129 . naoi nduirn a fot, a.¤ [a] leithe (of a joint of meat), Laws ii 238.14 ( ZCP xiv 348 ). a.¤ .i. airdiu de indem a eimh fair, in ordu as a chinn suas anairde, 240.1 Comm. ro erigh a lon laoich . . . comba sithremightir airtimh n-óglaigh, TBC St. 2328 (airnem v.l. see note). dodechatar a dí ṡúil asa chind combat sith[ith]ir artemh fria chenn anechtair, TTr.² 1475 . fot n-airthim os chind ind ḟir, RC xxii 398.10 . secht traigid eter a ó ┐ a beolo et .vii. n-artim eter a da ṡúil, Ériu iv 26.9 ( LL 12483 ) = vii n-ardaim, BB 247a45 . secht n-artim fo thrí tadbain / gulban cach óen-eóin angbaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 258.25 . Perh. wrongly in: a cur ar muir . . . ┐ airtim tri ndornn ina laim do dichur aithite in aedhair, O'Curry 2250 ( Eg. 88, 18(19)b ) = geann orda tri ndornn, Ériu xi 98.22 . in biail innraic, a.¤ fod a genned, 884 ( H 3.18, 395b ). Note also: ro buí airther láime din claideb tri trúaill anechtair, in t-arther láimi sin . . . (airth—, arth—, MS), BDD² 1004 (ed. suggests reading airtem).

? asnasach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? asnasach or dil.ie/4464

 

n na terba do biail bithgeir / re ha.¤ do demh, Leb. Gab.(i) 32.8 , ITS xxxix 40.26 . Cf. a.¤ .i. snoidheadóir, O'Cl.

bíail , biáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíail , biáil or dil.ie/5823

 

Forms: biáil, biail, bíail, bieil, biel, bela, béla, bela, bealaib

n i, m., later also f. (see LU 9031 , Tur. 131 cited below); Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 311 , ii 54 , GOI § 106 , § 302 (fem.). n s. biáil , Sg. 46b6 , biail , 67a6 , Tur. 131 , bíail , LU 9015. bieil, LL 13608 ( Irish Texts i 34 § 6 ). biel, Ériu i 44.3 . g s. in bela , Ml. 112b12 . béla, LL 13582 ( Irish Texts i 33 § 2 ). a pl. bela, O'Mulc. 809. d pl. bealaib, Aisl. Tond. 101 § 2.

Axe, hatchet; battle-axe: gl. securis, Sg. 46b6 , 67a6 , biáil .i. bithail .i. bí fæbar, Thr. Ir. Gl. 7. im biaill .i. bis ina ail ina aititin; no aill ni isin bith, no bith hail le ni na hail .i. in tuath conadh, Laws i 124.14 , 138. z Comm. docer in biail dia samthig, Tur. 131. Of working implements: fidba[e], biáil, gaí gona cethra[e], Críth G. 180. ogam tirda . . . .i. biail, loman, fidba, strathar, Auraic. 5725. nech immaber biail i n-domnach . . . dílsi a bela (belu, beeola, v.ll.), Ériu ii 206 § 27. doḟoíd . . . a gilla . . . co Ecet Salach (i.e. a smith) do chor béla i tenid, LL 13582 ( Irish Texts i 33 § 2 ). co laignib ┐ bacaib ┐ belaib, Dinds. 20.4 . cia buailter do bielaib ┐ ordaib, Ériu ii 114 § 44. cárna samaisci do indarggain fo thál ┐ béuil (biail, v.l.), Fraech 227 . i fomailt do bela, do fidbai `for wearing down thy hatchet', Laws i 166.25 . sair ┐ thuithait ┐ cach aes tail ┐ beili, gad ima beli, ii 118.25 Comm. biail imfaebur, for lar rig treibi, iii 272.23 .i. slan don mogaid ma beir ime faebur ac a beil, 25 Comm. = bíail .i. tuagh . . . .i. is [s]lán don mogha faobur a biaile d'imirt ar lar tighi in righ, O'Dav. 313. tairnid . . . in mbial fora munél ┐ a cul rempi, LU 9031 ( FB 78 ). iar cor dó brechta hi fáebur in bélae, 9027 note ( FB 77 ). ider díul an biala, RC xiii 30.9 . beim do biail, 10. fuaim biaili ic brudh bidbadh, CCath. 6077. ro ghabhadar do beimennaib borbnertmara . . . fair do biailibh bellethna `broad-bladed axes', Stair Erc. 2188. rongabh biail mbithgéir ina laimh, AFM iii 178.18 . eatham frichnama, Laws iv 276.5 .i. tir in bela som `axe-land', 15 Comm. In n.loc.: ó Thulaig Béla buide (: ména), Metr. Dinds. iv 226.15 .

brosna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brosna or dil.ie/6996

 

Forms: bronasnae

n (-ae) io, m. faggot(s), bundle of firewood, fuel: b.¤ .i. bris-nī (bris ne, MS.) insin .i. brisiud (.i. do min[bach] feda ┐ crīnac[h]) brister co llāim ┐ nī bīail gabar dō, Corm. Y 119 = brossnai .i. brissni, etc., Corm. 6. in brosnae (bronasnae, MS.) dombert side dia edbairt fesin gl. Isác cum lignis, Tur. 123. brosne crin gl. gremium (leg. cremium, Psalms ci 4 , edd.), Thes. i 3.27 . cosin brosnu gl. gremio `with the sheaf', Tur. 127. b.¤ crínaig, Trip.² 128 = nutrimenta ignium, Lat. Lives 46 § 38. cía nodbena-su, a chaillech, / b.¤ (brosnad, v.l.) dia ind fort tellach `faggots from its bole' (of Bile Tortan), Metr. Dinds. iv 242.26 . utlach-brossnada mora `lap-faggots', CCath. 3978. b.¤ braei laime gac ein fir a full armload (?), RC xliii 106 § 111.

Extended applications: b.¤ do setaib gabla `a bundle of the lowest seds,' Laws v 478.25 Comm. ? for b.¤ brigi .i. for feirtsi carpait no airm, RC xxvi 30 note 1 . gor bo b.¤ bodhbha . . . gach colg `bloody heap', MR 274.9 . bláth bruinne bran brosnaib (b., ban brosnad, v.ll.) gual, Ériu ix 46 § 14. = . . . b.¤ gūal (B. na f.), ZCP v 490 § 17. amru brígaib, brosnaib gal (chev.), SR 7027.

Metr. b.¤ suad, see IT iii 121 § f . One of the sixteen divisions of poetry known by a file, 29.20 . b.¤ s. .i. am ron gab: escraib cornaib caírib, etc. Is b.¤ s. sin (annsin, v.l.), acht rop commar (robo cummair, v.l.) cach cethramthu don runn, 30 § f. Note also: (as kenning) Eo Rosa . . . / b.¤ suad (rhet.) ` faggot (?) of sages', Dinds. 160. See brosnach.

bruthdamnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruthdamnae or dil.ie/7170

 

n (1 bruth + damnae) specific charge or amount of metal (for melting or shaping): bíail . . . i ndeochatár tri .lll. bruthdamna, LU 9191 ( FB 91 ). trummithir tinni deich brudamna cach n-ae, LU 7738 `as heavy as an ingot of ten smeltings (?),' BDD 130 n. 5 . `von sieben Glühmassen', TBC-LL¹ 5388. claideb secht ṁbrattomon do iurn athlegtha, TBC-LL² 4486 = secht ṁbrotha, TBC-I¹ 3287. claideb deich ṁbrattamna, LL 32356 ( TTr. 1546 ).

búailid, búalaid.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búailid, búalaid. or dil.ie/7240

 

Forms: bhuailte

v Trans. beats, strikes, assaults; knocks (on): ce nombuala fo bagaib / lat'feirg, etc. (Balaam's ass), SR 4793. no búaled C. co fleisc rígda in steill, LU 10127. īarmērge . . . is and robūailed Crīst i tig Caifas, Ériu iii 116.15 . builtuis ind, ┐ docer de `strikes it (a spear) into C.', Dinds. 49. ro buail ┐ ro bruidh ┐ ro basaidh . . . iat, Stair Erc. 471. mic na righ dia mbuailter iat (during fosterage), Laws ii 156.12 Comm. co r-buailset do shlaitt he i n-a chend, PH 135. búalid a ech co Tráig Lí, RC vii 294 § 69. do buail nech in dorus (= pulsare, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 4624. b.¤ scíath, see 2 scíath (a) ff. ní bhúaile an saidh seing sídhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1116 . ? lán an chuain don chéadtuile / do bhuail trágh dá thrócuire, Aithd. D. 60.3 . go mbuailidh Dia uireasbaidh ort = percutiat te Dominus egestate ( Deuteronomy xxviii 22 ), TSh. 9701. an tan do bhuaileadh Dia splangc . . . do spor-ghoin a spiorad, 2283 . buaileas a tri beidhmennuibh, TBC-LL¹ p. 867 n. 1 . ro buail builli miledh air fein di (sc. biail), Stair Erc. 604. don cholg . . . bhuaileas troid, O'Hara 4360. Note also: gur bhuaileasdair (buailios, v.l.) an measchoin fa lár `struck . . . . to the ground', Keat. i 160.14 . bíth go mbuailid suas a mbladaireacht although they strike up, Ó Bruad. iii 136.1 . gluaisfid is buail(i)fid an bóthar, Hackett xxvi 157 .

Strikes, coins (money); stamps, impresses (a seal) with AR on: is ré n-a linn do buaileadh airgead . . . ar dtús i nÉirinn Keat. ii 2224. buail séala ar mh'annsa, DDána 90.23 `seal my love', Ir. Monthly 1920, 54 . See cló.

Intrans. an tan bhuaileas (cuisle) go neimhionann beats , TSh. 1655. cuan . . . / 'n-a mbual leabharLoch L. pours, DDána 74.40 . Followed by prepp. and verbal noun begins, falls to, proceeds to: do bhuail an sagart 'gá ghuidhe arís the priest began again to urge him, Mac Aingil 1401 . do bhuail ar an ccomhairli . . . sin do chor a ngnīomh, 5267 . do bhuail dá cáineadh féin she began to blame herself, 1621 . buailse fár gcaomhnaine `set about, etc.', Aithd. D. 55.8 .

With following prepp. and adverbs: ro buailidar cuigi `they made for him', Stair Erc. 868. gach maith . . . / do bhúail fān ua-soin É., Butler Poems 1254 `that has come to', Gloss. ní mairg do bhual (: Luan) fa a breith dtrócuirigh experienced (?), Aithd. D. 72.2 . do buail stoirm . . . forra `they were overtaken by a storm', Stair Erc. 899. go mbuailfidh duine éigin leat you will meet someone, De Imit. 144.23 . da mbúailtidhe impo(d) . . . íad, Ériu v 74.23 . ro buailedh B. ┐ iad féin fá chéli, ALC ii 372.6 . buaileam beagán fos ar ar n-aghaidh let us proceed a little farther (with our discussion), Luc. Fid. 4375. do bhuail oraibh aithmhéala `thou hast repented', Dán Dé xxviii 18 . buailtear an long fá charraig strikes a rock, TSh. 3759.

part. d'ór bhuailte `beaten Gold', Donlevy 60.14 . secht bhfir dhég do bhí búailte ` disabled ', Rel. Celt. ii 192.6 . sloighte, slactha, búaillte ( Isaiah liii 4 ), Eg. Gl. 534. réubáin búailte do thairrngibh = nailed (of wooden pattens), RSClára 76b .

Vn. 1 búalad.

1 cailech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cailech or dil.ie/7722
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o (Lat. calix, see GOI 573 ). chalice, cup, goblet : beóil in chalich, Wb. 7d9 . du lani in chailig, Ml. 94c10 . ho anmaim chailich, 30c17 . in coilech-sa in césta, PH 3058 . Of the chalice used at mass: conogbar indablu . . . forsinc.¤ ┐ fobdidithir . . . isin cailuch, Thes. ii 251.10 (Stowe Miss.). aidme altoire .i. cuach ┐ c.¤ , Laws i 234.28 Comm. cop in coilig aiffrind, v 22.23 Comm. innte-side at a coilech in Choimded . . . coilech argait he, ZCP xvii 228.23 . do ṡacarbaicc namá theit ┐ ni théit do ch.¤ (communion in one kind), LB 10a3 ( Trans. RIA xxiv 204 ). as do chriostal doronadh na coilche aifrinn, BNnÉ 58 § 68 . brisit an scripta, tuccsat cailigh aifrinn, AFM iii 274.11 .

In secular contexts: cuach condib lenduib secht coilech enfoluing dind nemtiger umaighe, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). forsin cailech , Trip.² 549 (corresp. to airdech, 547 ). is c.¤ glanda col lind, Goid. 180.27 ( LL 284b48 ). caileach airgid . . . cona theasc, AFM ii 1032.7 . téighe ar ceann an choiligh óir / a cheann Oiligh go haltóir, Bard. Synt. Tr. 27.27 . Fig. i cailiuch bithbroin (of hell), Lism. L. 3638 . c.¤ .i. cluas, ut est gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib (of the projections of a battle-axe), O'Dav. 532 .

Cf. cailice, cailís.

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . c.¤ comairle cuindrig muintire fri comairle comneirt, ‘a “head of counsel” who controls the household with advice of equal strength’, CL 240.3 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cenn comuirle ┐ adchomairc fer mBregh n-uile, 'chief counsellor and consultant of the men of all Brega', AU² 374.6 . in fer ba húasle ┐ ba mó rath issin túaith iss e ba cend comairle do chách, LL 118 . co tech ar cind comairle, ‘to our counsellor’s house’, Éigse vii 77 §11 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

clé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clé or dil.ie/9397
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: clí, clé, clii, clí, clé, clí, chlīu, chlí, cléa, cléi

adj io, iā. lámh chlé . . . (lámh chlí lochtach), IGT Decl. § 139 . n s. f. lám chlíí, PH 5950 . a s f. clí, 523 . g s m. in chatha clé , LL 364 . g s f. a lama clii , Laws v 80.3 Comm. do riged clí , TBC-LL¹ 46 . na righedh clé , Stair Erc. 352 . láime clí , IGT Decl. ex. 1933 . d s m. for clār chlīu , Corp. Gen. 281.12 . d s f. for laim chlí , Thes. ii 13.31 ( BCr. 19c3 ). n pl. a llamha cléa , CCath. 6140 . d pl. ina lámaib cléi , TFerbe 237 . See GOI p. 61 .

I

(a) left : cle gl. sinister , Ir. Gl. 387 . clē a clypeo (, clepio MS.), Corm. Y 225 . clae a clepio , O'Mulc. 215 . maraid slicht inna bachla in a leith clíu, Lat. Lives 52.8 . cepp ina láim chlí . . . bíail ina láim deis, LU 9190 ( FB 91 ). dofil in carpat . . . ┐ dorala clār clē frind (an insult or challenge), TBC-I¹ 1192 ( LU 5668 ). tossoísom iarom clár c.¤ a carpait fri hEmain, LU 5194 (TBC). ardaslig tar fonnad c.¤ / cotagoin in ríastarthe, 4574 (TBC). tuc-sam a glun c.¤ rissin carpat, Acall. 6940 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí, TBC-LL¹ 5288 . tuc a ulli ch.¤ fáe i Taltin (implication not clear), 4641 . tonindnaig ind ammait leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí (to bring misfortune upon him), LL 13890 . dul ar an dtaoibh gc.¤ `to be condemned on the Day of Judgment', Dánfhocail 48 . docomhlat as . . . laimh clí frisan loch, Hugh Roe² 64.9 ( láimh clé, 60.29 ). beannacht na láimhe clí do M., TSh. 9909 (regarded as less efficacious than beannacht na láimhe deise, 9908 ). ar an láimh ndeis ná ar a' láimh cclí, Párl. na mB. 2041 .

(b) Fig. malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad, perverse: c.¤ .i. cláon, O'Cl. da ainm don chlaoine colaigh / `ciol' is `cle', Metr. Gl. 28 § 41 . a ḟlaith Cermna can ni c.¤ `without partiality', LL 23250 ( CRR 54 ). aided ind Ḟind chétna ch.¤ / la Sétna perverse(?), LL 14931 . luid uadib cen chísal c.¤ / co tísad afrithise `without wrongful offence(?)', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.39 . robo c.¤ mana in marc-ṡluag `that array of steeds was an evil omen', iv 128.68 . Hence: c.¤ .i. olc. c.¤ mhana .i. olc, urchóid no adgall, O'Cl. (who seems to regard it as a compd but mana: braga). Cf. cle is mana fort a Chithruadh, BLism. 1731b17 . beith 'ga cāi robad clē dam, / ō do bī toil Dē 'na dul I should do wrong to mourn him, ZCP vii 303 § 6 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind / ┐ mē fa meirgi in Rīg, ACL iii 237 § 30 (`dangerous', Aithd. D. 62 ). iarsin curp cle-su `after this wayward body', Ériu xix 12 § 6 . do chath-cliu na Conallach, MR 188.8 . fa taom c.¤ anadh re hágh `a perilous act', Celtica ii 169 § 48 . acsin [saer]chlanna Dairi / ní comhairemh c.¤ no wrong estimation(?), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 32.9 . sén Dé duit is dúin-ne / ní c.¤ duit ar nduain-ne not inauspicious (inaugural ode to chief), Caithr. Thoirdh. 31.22 . don phubal is c.¤ do chosc / an té thugadh dá tegusc, IGT Decl. ex. 737 . gidh c.¤ an chúis laghaidh tho' the case for pardon is unfortunate, 20 . an chuideachta ch.¤ `evil com- panions', Aithd. D. 52.9 . gér thréan do ba taom c.¤ an ill-starred effort, 17.33 . an chraobh nachar ch.¤ mbreath `the straight-judging hero', 30 . go fail blodh dib co soirb imcubaid da dainib maithi ┐ blodh co doirb cle . . . da drochdainib inauspicious, Ir. Astr. Tr. 70.14 . modha claona an chreidimh ch.¤ , Keat. Poems 1266 . measuim gur c.¤ an ceart d'áoneach . . . , Párl. na mB. 3683 .

Freq. in chevilles: tuitset na cróeba, nár ch.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 148.7 . Tea, nar ch.¤ / ben Erimóin `never unjust', i 4.31 . Cf. Fen. 54.1 . seólsat curchán, créd nad c.¤ `of flawless metal', Metr. Dinds. ii 30.65 . nī clē, RC xxxvii 347 § 39 . clu nad ch.¤ , xx 44.5 (ACC Comm.). nochar chaingen c.¤ , Mart. Don. 162.11 . ní hiúl c.¤ `'tis no erroneous report', SGS iv 144 § 29 .

II As subst.

(a) left side, left hand : a c.¤ ra Berna M. . . . a ndes ri Slíab nÉ., MU² 262 . ro impa in t-ech a ch.¤ friss, LL 13814 . cf. 13818 . co tuc a c[h]. re Coill Ruaidh, ML² 2066 . na findad do ch.¤ a n-a díngne do deis, PH 6081 .

for (ar) clíu on the left side : claideb . . . bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 2737 . beir mo scíath . . . / . . . / co rraib ar cliu Chormaic Cais, LL 18383 . craeba cailce for a clīu (of a shield), ZCP viii 227 § 1 . sciath mor . . . ar cli cach oen ḟir, Cog. 74.17 .

by the left side, to the left expressed by dat. without prec. prep.: nī rubai neach diib clīu do Āth Firdiad, TBC-I¹ 3429 ; but more frequently by do chlíu: atconnairc M. . . . foscud salach dorcha dia chlíí, Lat. Lives 93.9 . Medb . . . do chlí Ailella, LL 7871 (TBC). suidid airdrī Ailig / dia c[h]liu, ZCP viii 108.5 . Brigit form deis . . . / Colum do chlíu, LL 4817 . latrand dia deis .i. D. . . . ┐ latrand dia clíí .i. G., PH 3326 . dorat sé bualadh . . . forra dia dheis ┐ dia clí, Stair Erc. 475 . cláona as an slíghe dár ndeis nó dár cclí, Párl. na mB. 4061 . Somet. also by for clíu: forud a rig for deis ri[g] Carmun: forud ri[g] Hua Failge fora clíu, Dinds. 18 . leoghan fora dheis ┐ alaile fora clí, Stair Erc. 400 . Cf. also: do Ṡean-ghoill fein ar clé ag cruadh-ghol `on the left i.e. neglected', Keat. Poems 1383 .

(a 2) (the) north : túath in chlé 'the Northern tribe' Ériu xxiv 27 . Cf. 1 fochla.

(b) Fig. ill-luck : ort do ch.¤ ┐ do chol dúabhais (an imprecation), RC xxix 116 § 11 . 146 § 70 . Cf. 132 § 45 . fuair sé a dhódh ar c.¤ his trouble went for nothing(?), Measgra D. 8.27 .

Compds. With noun. siol gCárthaich nach ndeárnaidh clé-beart evil deed , Hard. ii 334.1 . ic tabairt a bossi deis[e] fria gin fodén, ┐ a chléboss fria gin Cathail left palm of the hand, MacCongl. 103.15 . ar cle-corpaib na curadh on the left sides, CCath. 5450 . a deiscin tar clegualainn [oc toidecht uaithi] (one of the gesa of Tailtiu), Dinds. 99 . don ḟir cuil dobo cléguin `an unjust wound', Ériu iv 112 § 2 . gabais a chúach na chleláim, LL 4573 . go bhfuil clélámh an chéle nemhdha fá bhar ccenn, RSClára f. 51a . ar folāiremh aingil na clēláimhe `the devil', Fl. Earls 50.15 . dīrgit a gcūrsa clēlāimh re Tīr C. on the right of, 8.y . clēlāmh re fairrgi, 108.10 . na cáde cen cléréim `evil course', Gorm. May 24 . Nov. 24 .

With adj. ? recoecha uile comtar tuath coecha (.i. láncacha no clécacha blind in the left eye), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.18 ; 'malign, inauspicious, ill-omened, sinister; bad perverse' CMCS xliii 9 .

clúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clúas or dil.ie/9627

 

n ā, f. Note also: a s. nī fiu c.¤ , Hail Brigit 14 ( LL 7200 ). nicon fíu cluais, Ériu xiii 44.17 . d s. see Wb. 23c2 below. Vn. of ro-cluinethar.

(a) act of hearing : is hed ón as maith lessom do chluas `to hear', Wb. 23c2 . ni cen mu chluais `not without hearing me', Ml. 130b11 . c.¤ a dūan do theṅgthaib bard `the sound of songs heard there from the tongues of bards', Hail Brigit 9 ( LL 7181 ). nach óin . . . noda-comallfa iarna cluais, Ériu ii 202 § 19 (iarna cloisdin, v.l.). a cubhaid techt . . . do aithne fria cluais to recognise by ear, xiii 44.3 . an ffil tomhus forsan mbairdne? fil égin tomhus fri cluais, 43.24 . an t-iad cluaisi do radh riu for the ear (of a metrical device), Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 95, 70b7 . atbélat fir la clúaiss ṅgléssa dóib `when they hear them tune their harps' (Gloss.), TBFr. 121 . cluás .i. cluinsin, ut est: ba bronach in teghlach oca cluais, Ériu xiii 68 § 88 . H. an anam og a cluais, Aisl. Tond. 96 § 2 . ? bodar a pudore .i. lind cluas, O'Mulc. 163 .

(b) sense of hearing : na tri búada .i. búaid clúaisse ┐ buaid rodairc ┐ buaid n-airdmiusa, LU 6893 ( BDD 49 ). di clūais mo dhá ó nō di rusc mo dá ṡú[i]l, ZCP vi 258.15 .

(c) More frequently, ear : an rochluinemmar hua chluasaib, Ml. 112b13 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu `through his putting the ears for the whole body' (ref. to aures autem perfecisti mihi), 60b16 . cluasa Dǽ diar n-eitsecht, 24a18 . citabiat chlúasa `which ears perceive', Sg. 3a1 . Crīst hi cech clūais rodomchloathar, Thes. ii 358.2 (Patrick's Hy.). gabais buidhre a ccluasa, Blathm. 96 § 21 . na cluasasa nicon tairbertar fri ceolu talman `these ears are not lent to earthly music', Mon. Tall. 131.31 (§ 10) . ti[n]dnacul cluaise di araili `das Weitergeben von einem Gehör ans andere', ZCP xvi 175 § 1 (= Laws i 30.25 ). cluas la Feine tidnachar .i. bith do ac eistecht a tidnacuil o cluais, Laws v 498.2 and 14 Comm. isuide dodnidnaig cluais do cluais do comceniuil, iv 286.1 ( cluais .i. gleḟis ind fir seod a gleḟis ind ḟir ele, 290.10 Comm. ). tobertatar . . . luibe . . . ina cluasa, Ériu xvi 36 § 4 . imm ó glossed: im chluais, IT i 162.2 . mo chuib asa hó .i. mo chu asa cluaís, 163.2 . bruit cluasaib cluinethar, 68.5 ( LMU 2 ). baile bél. líth cluaisi. airfidedh menman, tuarusdol n-úadh, Ériu xiii 38.30 . cluas deas droch n-egna, 35.x . dona cluassaib gl. auribus, Gild. Lor. 113 . ber lat mo chomrama it chlúais, / co farcba i llebraib dar th'éis, LL 6127 . rob diubla os derbhḟine rob comroma i clúais, 385c16 . o ríg na cét cluas comlán, 25463 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 162.6 ) (cf. ¤clúastae). biaidh mise ┐ tusa clúas ar chlúais .i. ar chlúasaibh a chéile `by the ears' (i.e. in conflict), Atlantis iv 200.11 - 12 . i n-éisteacht cluaise (in auditu auris), TSh. 10844 . dith cluaise ┐ iorbaill ort, Luc. Fid. 5038 . In pn sobriquet: Uáter a Búrc . . . dia ngoirthi cluas le doininn, AFM v 1648.2 .

Fig. in phr. c.¤ cridi: do choimrid mo chride c.¤ in ardrach ṅguba, LL 14381 (rhet.) (= Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.13 ). gabaid mo thimna ┐ mforcedulsa chucaib o chluais bar cride. LB 123a19 . co nach edat cluassa na cride . . . a coistecht, PH 84 .

In Luc. Fid. in various ejaculatory phrr. all apparently meaning yield, acknowledge yourself beaten (perh. orig. give ear): labhair, no dhamhsa an chluas ! Luc. Fid. 4928 . freagair, no tabhair uait an chluas!, 5077 . freagair, freagair! Ni thig leat! Íoc an chluas!, 5104 . cluas, cluas!, 5017 . a leith an chluas!, 5121 . labhair, labhair! ar so ata an chluas, 5088 . Cf. nir bheag, da ttugtha, amhuil ghealluis, dhamh an chluas iar mbeith dhuit claoidhte, 5166 .

(e) By extension: some projection

(i) of a shoe, perh. leather side-pieces: ag ithe na mbróg . . . óir duaidh sé a gcluasa ┐ a n-ialla, SG 3.y

(ii) of an axe: cailech .i. cluas, ut est gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib ┐ cona sruibh .i. na cluasa ichtaracha, O'Dav. 532 .

(iii) of a turf-spade: sleaghán dá chluas, O'Rah. 290.15 .

Compds. With noun or vn.: gur beanustar claidem C. i cluasaidlind cathbairr a chomalta ear-piece(?), MR 298.x . Fer Gair . . . fri reilforcsin / Fer Lee fri cluaiscoistecht, RC xxii 394.28 . amhuil clúasfháinne óir, Proverbs xxv 12 . smit .i. cluas gnó .i. cuidbhiudh lit. ear-mockery , Ériu xiii 48.11 . le ciontaibh na healta ag ar dalladh a gcluastuigse `ear-sense', Ó Bruad. iii 164.1 .

With adj. gadhar cluais-dhearg, Oss. iv 248.11 . att clúaslethan with wide flaps, ear-pieces(?), ZCP xiii 168.11 . ?arna ciorrbadh . . . d'uighibh claidemh cluasleathan `mit den Stichen breitohriger Schwerter', xiv 236.14 (perh. for claslethan). Oillill Ólom .i. cluaslom crop-eared, Keat. ii 4377 .

comaithches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comaithches or dil.ie/10690

 

Forms: comaithgess, comaigthes, comicheas, comaithchesa, comchesa, comaidhcis

n u, m. (comaithech). Also comaithgess, Trip.² 1671 . comaigthes, Hib. Min. 76 § 2 . comicheas, Laws v 462.19 . g s. comaithchesa, O'Curry 23 ( H 3.18, 10b ). comchesa, Laws i 272.y Comm. As o-stem comaidhcis, O'Curry 723 ( H 3.18, 346 ).

(a) neighbourhood relationship, legal situation of a comaithech, local community relations after land has been cleared and apportioned: bretha comaithchesa inso .i. c.¤ cangaibter a comorbus cenn congaibther c.¤ a comrainn selbha athar ar lín mac, O'Curry 23 ( H 3.18, 10b ). cid ara neibenar comaithces cumagnais andsin ? (sic leg.). arinni is comaith gnais caich diaraili do lomrad smachta ┐ cáiche; araili is comaithces arinni is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech ┐ aircindech fri bachlach why is it called neighbourhood of equal association ? . . . otherwise it is neighbourhood because the nobleman takes it equally with the commoner, Laws iv 68.2 ff. (cf. O'Dav. 524 ). can forbeir coimaithces ? A ilchomarbus (sic leg.) . . . Conrandat comarba cetamus a randa ┐ a sealba ┐ imfen cach dib fri araile, ┐ dobeir cach dib diguin diaraile, 68.19 ff. cid dofet a comaices ? Dofet rand ime what takes precedence in c. ? 70.1 .i. comaircim cid is remthechtach isin aithechus cumaide, 5 Comm. co dentar coimaices ? Anrandtar aile ar treisi; ingaibtar aile ime dia cuicti; inforcindtar aile dia dechmaide; incomalltar og ime dia mis, 18 . a ui Chuinn, co roich comaithceas crich ? . . . Co mmuir co ruth, co romuir, co roilbhi, co ramut bidbad (i.e. the division of land extends as far as forest-land, sea, mountain etc.), ZCP xii 363.11 . comhaithches ann so: Nach tír ná techta díorainn do muigh, no sleibh . . . dlighidh urrann innibh . . . ┐ rod do ṡliabh . . . this is a rule of c.¤ , any holding that does not include a portion of uncultivated land and mountain is entitled to such a portion and to access to it, Ériu xiii 33.18 . ni tuailing breitheamnacht la Feine na fiastar tellach ┐ comicheas mbruigrechta, Laws v 462.19 . brithem beras breith coir eter da comaidech rofiastar teora delba comaidcesa .i. smacht ┐ aithgin ┐ cathaig three aspects of the law of neighbouring land-holding, ZCP xii 363.4 ( O'Curry 20 ). atait secht n-aile la feine a comaithces nad usa adrodmaither a ratha: tond aile, tracht aile . . ., Laws v 270.13 . atait secht n-oirgni a comaithces, nadcon tuillet smachta . . .: ag imsoi dia eol, ag fris'roscrad a chond . . ., 268.17 . do denam a cota don c.¤ duty of a `comaithech', ZCP xv 315.27 . cadiat smachta ime ┐ comaicesa ? Smachta ime, rama fri clais, soc fri coraid, biail fri dairime (comaithig who failed to fence their holdings were subject to the confiscation of their tools), Laws iv 72.1 . arindi do nairgella cach ara cethrai a coir comathcesa frisna cethri comaithchiu ata nesom immidbiat, i 260.10 .i. ro comilledh in athachus comuidh do reir coir, 274.25 Comm. slán cech comaithchius curthar gellaib every neighbourhood relationship is sound, PRIA xxxvi (1923) 309.3 ( Laws iv 340.22 ). ar ocht cethraib bite for comaidches .i. bai ┐ mucca, eich, cairigh, gabair, cercca, beich, geoidh (i.e. which `count' in the rules of c.), ZCP xii 363.7 ( O'Curry 20 ). cain comaidhcis, O'Curry 723 ( H 3.18, 346 ). beo-dili fine . . . ni fuil ni eistib, a cuairt comaicesa (i.e. no payment is due to anyone on cattle found straying within the territory held by the comaithig), Laws v 324.19 Comm. a fidh chomaithchesa woodland subject to c., O'Curry 1026 ( H 3.18, 432a ). ised is cinta comaithchesa ann, iní do dena re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, re fer ┐ re arbar . . . offences against neighbouring landholders, Laws iii 186.1 Comm. nocho biaid comaithgess and in saeculum no settled occupancy(?), Trip.² 1671 . no is coimiches boi occu imon usqe (i.e. they had a right to the water such as would exist under the law of c.), Celtica iv 6.8 . ro baí imresain . . . im comhroinn ┐ im comhaightes a ccriche, AFM vi 2086.16 . Note also: ogṡaire na hecailse co brath, can ch.¤ sliged no cailled acht a bith i coi[t]chend . . . do cach Midiuch neighbourhood rights, Misc. Arch. Soc. 144.z .

(b) proximity, neighbourhood, occupation of adjacent territory; neighbourship; neighbourly relations : o sunn rancatar fodes / co Ioseph hi c.¤ , SR 3650 . comaithig . . . do M. Huī Māil ┐ ba holc . . . a chomaithcess doib (`neighbour- ship', Gloss.), Fing. R. 955 . dligid c.¤ caomclōdh, Anecd. iii 14.21 . ona borbaib barbardaib filet i c.¤ Gréc, LL 31207 ( TTr. 390 ). BB 416a25 . i lleth ri sruth Níl fodess / fri Affraic a comaidchess near(?), LL 16243 . Meoit ri hArmein aníar / i comaithchess nach rochian, 16267 . ba fae do cechta[r] de a comriachtain ┐ a comadces to encounter one another or to be in one another's proximity, Cog. 58.21 . Dall is Dorcha rís aneas/ri cromtha rí comaices, BB 351b44 . comhaithcheas .i. comharsanachd, O'Cl.

(c) strangeness, dissimilarity : ó chomaithcheas ┐ ó éxsamhlacht na ngalar `strangeness and variety', De Contemptu 1049 . Gramm.: gach táoibhréim úathaidh théid a coimhitheas (gcomoighthes v.l.) no is faide iná a ainm úathaidh which takes on a different form, IGT Decl. § 21 (75.17) . ó théid a ccomhuidheas tar a chruth féin, Introd. § 18 .

(d) estrangement, enmity : dogniter iarum comhaighthes friu ┐ diultad `unneighbourliness', Lism. L. 2898 . id bhrugh ní bhí coimhidheas / re duine do ṡíol Eabha, DDána 120.34 . táir ar gcoimheighthios cogoidh `our violent estrangement was a trifle', Studies 1921, 589 § 6 . dar gcora i gcomhuightheas `of setting us at enmity', Aithd. D. 65.21 . ní neamhoircheas / rí 's a chlann i gcomhaightheas `estranged', 7 . ? doberim mhe fein cen comaithes duid ┐ dena do bail fein dim, ZCP vi 49.2 (`without opposition'). is let-sa misi cen comait[h]us, 37.x . ? an grath (= .d) bes comhaitheas dia luighi, O'Curry 507 ( H 3.18, 257 ).

cuintechtai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuintechtai or dil.ie/13637

 

Forms: cuintesta

vbl. of necess. of con-dïeig. Later cuintesta (infl. by s-subj., see GOI 444 ): bed chuintechti gl. questus, Ml. 92a17 . bed tudrachti .i. bed chuintechti són gl. ad elicendam missericordiam, 93a8 . don biail bed chuintechti ad querendam securem, Thes. i 493.26 ( Tur. 131 ). cetherdai as cuintesta da cach elathain, MacCongl. 2.1 . Fél. 8.14 . cuinncesta, ACL iii 3.2 .

2 dá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 dá or dil.ie/14078

 

Forms: dia

prep = dia to his, &c. da innisin duit intí rothaet, TBC-LL¹ 3175 . gan écendáil da mac ┐ da ua ┐ da iarmua, ib. 3030 . dounsi C. béim da biáil féin do, FB 77 . —See prep. 1 do.

1 de, di

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 de, di or dil.ie/14787
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: di, di, di, di, di, di, du, di, di, dia, di, dí, di, de, desen, de, de, dhe, di, di, dég, dḟég, dím, dít, de, de, dhe, du, dú, doit, dínni, dunni, desom, dosom, dinach, donach, dind, dind, dind, dind, dind, dindh, dindí, dond, dond, dund, dind, dond, dun, dind, din, dund, dint, dind, dunt, din, din, din, den, don, dun, dun, din, dun, den, don, dind, din, dinaib, denaib, dinab, donaib, dunaib, din, den, don, don, den, dhen, dhent, don, dina, dena, dona, dona, dena, dhena, dosna, DI, di, dim, dimm, dom, dit, ditodérnamaib, dia, dear, diar, dibar, difar, dia, dim, dem, dom, dom, dit, det, dot, dot, dod, difar, dib(h)ar, dib(h)or, d'úr, dá, dár, dia, dá, dia, dá, dhá, dár, dhár, dá, dá, da, dia n, diarbu, diná-, dinadrícthe, dinach, dunach, dia, dá, diná-, doná-, do, dá, dhá, DI, díim, díimsa, dimsa, dím, dimsa, dimso, dít, de, desom, de, dé, dæ, comairle, Dairíne, ráidimne, fáistine, uile, di, dissi, díinn, díin, díinni, diínn, diín, dínn, dín, din, dínni, dinni, dinne, díib, díibsi, diib, diibsi, diibse, diib, díbsi, díib, diib, díb, dib, diib, dím, dínn, díim, díinn, dím, dínn, rúun, ruún, ríi, dím, dímm, dímsa, dít, dítt, dítsu, desin, desen, deside, desium, dissi, dise, dín(n), dínne, d(h)ínne, díb, d(h)íb, díbsi, díb, d(h)íob, díbsin, d(h)íobsan, DI, DE, dĕ, díbdud, derban, derbrad, conda-dercacha, -dercaither, níruderchóin, derchóiniud, niconderérachtar, -derna, -dergénsat, -derlaig, -derlaiged, -derlaichta, dílgai, dílgud, dermar, dermat, ndermanammar, todernam, -deroíma, derscaigi, deruarid, dered, de-reth, -dechuid, -dich, dechor, debuith, -dénai, dénum, dead, dudí, dudiastae, deich, dígal, diu-, diunag, deö-, deolaid, degaid, deïd, desruith, demaig, denall, denuas, dedbol, denmne, dethbir, dethiden, dessid, dellig, décsiu, -décci, -décmaing, decming, -dér, -dérig, dírech, dindba, fordingrat, dingbail, di, diucrae, diuderc, diunach, fordiuclainn, diummus, diupae, diupart, -diurat, diurad, -diuschi, diuscartae, díbad, rodíbairg, díbe, díberg, díbdud, rodibda, díbert, díchenn, díchned, -díchliter, dícheilt, díchor, dídnad, dígal, dígbáil, díguin, dílgud, dímeiccem, dírech, díscir, -díltised, díltud, -díxnigedar, di-anim, dí, díbec, dímór, díthrom, dí, dĕ, De, di, Di, di, DI, DI, dib, dííb, dimm, dínn, do, dinaib, de, diib, di, dia, dind, diib, di, dia, diar, don, dund, donaib, di, dia

prep. = Lat. de. It aspirates the anlaut of an accented syllable immediately following. Aspiration marked: Wb. 5 c 16 . 6 d 8 . 9 a 23 . 9 b 19 . 10 d 14 . 12 a 21 . 12 a 22 . 19 a 6 . 20 d 9 . 26 b 16 . 26 d 8 . 29 c 10 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 23 a 19 . 36 b 3 . 36 d 10 . 48 b 11 . 48 d 27 . 55 d 4 . 58 c 4 . 68 c 4 . 85 a 2 . 93 d 14 . 99 b 7 . 107 a 2 . 112 c 12 . 116 c 2 . 131 c 17 . Sg. 1 a 2 . 3 b 27 . 31 b 2 . 33 a 13 . 181 a 9 . Tur. 131 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . 17 b 1 . 170 b 2 . Thes. i 6. 23 . ii 256. 11 (twice); 295. 11 , 15 ; 298. 11 ; 302. 5 ; 309. 19 ; 315. 2 ; 332. 4 ; 344. 1 ; 346. 8 . Aspiration unmarked: di Críst (in full), Wb. 15 a 34 . di Críst , ib. 22 c 9 . 26 b 7 . 26 d 9 . 27 a 10 . Thes. ii 255. 15 (but di Chríst, Ml. 93 d 14 ). di peccad, Wb. 24 c 18 . di techt, Ml. 44 b 1 . di techdaisib, ib. 105 b 7 . du trócairi, 110 c 5 . di comparit, Sg. 42 b 3 . 43 a 6 . di posit, ib. 42 a 5 (cf. dia posit, 41 b 2 ). di Teretes, ib. 66 a 22 . dí triub, Tur. 6 . di croccund, Thes. ii 347. 33 . Though itself a proclitic word it is liable to eclipsis: (a) after a neuter noun: foraithmet ṅde, Ml. 61 b 12 . a bec ndo síd, ib. 51 a 5 . bec ṅdi dechur, 72 c 9 . (b) after a noun in the a sg.: fri Alpai ṅdesiu, Sg. 217 b 8 . (c) after the relative a n-: a ndu imnedaib fodaimi, Ml. 55 d 11 . (d) in Mil after rel. as: as ndí Assaraib, 35 a 10 . as ṅdu dóiri, 139 a 6 (twice). as ndi thalam, 68 c 4 . After rel. bias: cibed bias nde, ZCP iv 46. 16 TBFr. (Eg.). Cf. acht oenfiach adrenar nde, Anecd. iii 22. 21 .

FORMS: de, very rare in Oir.: de maid, Wb. 21 d 11 . de Iudeib, 18 d 6 . 31 b 15 (but 34 a 3 probably Lat.). de chuingid, 24 b 24 . Mil no instance ( for dech, 56 a 1 , read `di cech'). Sg: de dliguth, Sg. 26 b 7 . de rét, 31 a 5 . de genitin, 77 b 2 . de chaldigud, 181 a 9 . de dobriathraib, 181 a 9 ( de cithara, 103 a 1, probably Lat.). de phurt, Thes. i 6. 23 ; de obli, ii 254. 12 ; de molad, 315. 1 ; de nimib, 353. 4 . Always deṡiu, ( ZCP x 376 ) hence Sg. 71 b 2 . 217 b 8 . 217 b 12 . desen, Thes. ii 343. 32 . Under the influence of the pron. cpd. de, de became quite a common spelling in Mid.-Ir. (LU, LL, &c.). As an etymological writing frequent also in modern books and MSS. Spoken de, dhe = di + suff. pron. 3 sg., cf. mod. aige, ass, air, &c.

di usual Old- and Mid.-Ir. writing.

(a) before vowels (no elision of -i- in Wb Sg Mil); before a-: Wb. 2 a 14 . 7 b 11 . 18 c 11 (twice). 32 c 8 . Ml. 35 a 8 . 40 c 16 . 48 d 12 . 57 d 10 . 61 a 35 . 66 a 3 . 67 d 2 . 126 b 1 . 133 c 11 . Sg. 32 b 14 . 35 b 7 . 211 a 9 . before o-: Thes. ii 254. 7 - 11 , 13 . before u-: Ml. 23 c 20 . 51 b 10 . 93 a 5 . 127 a 2 a . Thes. ii 249. 10 . di humaldóit, Wb. 28 d 29 . di humu, Ml. 2 b 16 . before ái-: Wb. 7 b 11 . Ml. 102 d 9 . ói-: Ml. 43 d 1 . Sg. 40 a 13 . e-, é-: Wb. 4 d 1 . 8 b 4 . Ml. 2 c 1 . 33 c 17 . 55 a 18 . 130 b 1 . i-; Wb. 12 a 30 . 15 d 7 . Ml. 37 b 24 . 40 a 18 . 57 c 13 . 87 c 1 . Sg. 40 a 6 , 7 , 8 . 42 a 1 . di Iudeib, Wb. 4 c 40 . 27 d 4 .

(b) before gutturals: Wb. 6 d 8 . 9 a 23 . 12 a 21 , 22 . 13 d 7 . 15 a 34 . 16 a 4 . 17 b 19 . 18 d 6 . 19 a 6 . 20 d 10 . 22 c 9 . 24 d 10 . 26 b 7 . 26 d 8 . 26 d 9 . 27 a 7 , 10 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 36 d 10 . 40 b 7 . 48 b 11 . 48 d 27 . 51 d 3 . 58 c 4 . 62 b 13 . 66 d 10 . 74 c 13 . 85 a 2 . 92 c 5 . 93 d 14 . 99 b 7 . 107 a 2 . 112 c 12 . Sg. 3 b 27 . 31 b 2 . 33 a 13 . 34 b 2 . 42 b 3 . 43 a 6 . 106 a 7 . 181 a 9 . Tur. 131 . Ardm. 17 b 1 . Thes. ii 10. 6 .

(c) before dentals: Wb. 5 c 16 . 9 b 19 . 10 d 14 . 20 c 14 . 26 b 16 . 27 a 10 . Ml. 17 a 11 . 17 d 11 . 23 a 19 . 25 d 17 . 36 b 3 . 44 b 1 . 46 b 26 . 51 c 11 . 68 c 4 . 72 b 5 . 72 c 9 . 97 d 10 . 105 b 7 . 116 c 2 . 122 b 16 . 131 a 12 . 133 b 1 . 139 a 6 , 8 , 10 . Sg. 61 a 1 . 66 a 22 . 156 b 4 . Thes. ii 256. 11 ; 295. 3 ; 315. 22 .

(d) before labials: Wb. 24 c 18 . 29 c 10 . Ml. 61 a 9 . 115 d 9 . Sg. 42 a 5 . Thes. ii 256. 11 ; 30. 33 .

(e) before nasals; m-: Wb. 4 d 10 . 7 d 9 . 11 a 20 . 24 a 12 . 24 b 31 . 28 d 31 . 30 a 8 . 33 a 15 . Ml. 26 b 5 . 51 b 10 . 58 c 4 . 62 c 2 . 67 b 16 , 17 . 84 c 12 . 85 c 6 . 93 a 20 . 102 d 4 . 124 b 5 . Sg. 7 a 1 . 30 b 11 . Ardm. 17 b 1 . Thes. ii 295. 5 . n-: Wb. 15 c 13 . 16 b 11 (thrice). 17 a 11 . 32 a 20 . Ml. 16 d 5 . 63 c 5 . 65 a 1 . 75 b 20 . 123 c 15 . Sg. 40 a 80 . 43 a 3 . 45 a 11 . 59 b 18 . Thes. ii 11. 36 .

(f) before liquids; l-: Wb. 25 d 20 . Ml. 35 b 24 . 40 a 19 . 55 d 4 , 6 . 57 d 13 . 61 d 2 . 68 a 2 , 15 . 72 d 6 , 7 . 84 c 15 . 90 c 18 . Tur. 115 . Thes. ii 326. 2 ; 16. 40 ; 40. 31 . r-: Wb. 6 a 14 . 12 a 17 . 12 c 6 . 13 a 12 . 18 a 8 . 20 d 11 . Ml. 125 b 7 . Sg. 33 a 10 .

(g) before s and f. s-: Wb. 3 d 28 . 4 b 5 . 8 a 5 . 12 b 32 . 12 d 12 . 17 d 19 . Ml. 2 b 17 . 26 b 20 . 31 d 10 . 34 b 6 . 37 a 14 . 44 b 27 - 28 . 44 c 6 . 48 c 1 . 55 c 1 . 60 b 11 . 90 d 13 . 104 a 3 . 108 d 3 . Sg. 1 a 2 . 41 b 4 . 42 a 2 . 59 b 9 . 183 b 3 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . 18 b 1 ; cf. also didiu. f-: Wb. 1 a 9 . 11 b 13 . 14 a 33 . 18 a 8 . Ml. 20 a 12 . 54 b 30 . 93 a 5 . 134 a 3 . Sg. 3 b 19 . 66 a 6 .

dí: as ndí Assaraib, Ml. 35 a 10 . dí huaisletu, 40 c 16 . dí triub, Tur. 6 . dí Iohain, 40 . dísin, Ml. 63 c 18 .

d with elision of -i- before vowels and ḟ very common in Mid.-Ir. MSS. In Glosses rare, cf. doenscríbend, Sg. 112a2 . dég, Ml. 88 a 4 , from dḟég, cf. dḟech, Ardm. 17b1 . Common in Old-Ir. poetry, e.g. Anecd. iii 55. 18 ; 56. 8 (Siab. Conc.).

DO for DI. The confusion of di and do in proclisis dates back to the Cambr. and the Wb glosses. It is quite possible that on the lips of the people di had as early as the 8th century the same forms as to-day, i.e. unstressed də in proclisis, dí- in pronominal cpds. Under the influence of the latter forms (dím, dít, de), di de lingered on all through Mid.-Ir. The present de, dhe, is partly due to etymological spelling, partly (Cork, Kerry) renders a spoken de, ye = Oir. de (di + pron. 3 sg.), cf. mod. as, air, aige. The fusion of di and do was facilitated by their being unaccented; but it was also partly due to syntactical confusion of these two prepositions which occasionally might both be used synonymously with one and the same verb.—do: prímgeinde do hireschaib, Wb. 4 b 9 . 10 a 15 . 25 c 12 . 31 d 2 . Ml. 14 b 12 . 14 d 3 . 15 d 9 . 24 d 26 , 30 . 26 a 8 . 35 d 17 . 42 b 18 . 45 a 9 . 45 d 7 . 51 a 5 . 51 b 8 . 51 d 25 (twice). 123 d 3 . 124 c 22 . 137 d 2 . Sg. 2 a 7 . Tur. 128 . Thes. ii 298. 10 , 11 ; 299. 9 ; 309. 19 ; 311. 20 ; 313. 14 ; 315. 2 ; 320. 26 ; 321. 2 ; 322. 10 , 24 ; 323. 7 , 8 ; 332. 4 ; 333. 1 ; 335. 29 ; 344. 1 ; 346. 8 .—du: Cambr. 37 d . Ml. 24 d 29 . 26 a 8 . 55 d 4 . 55 d 11 . 55 d 25 (?). 63 b 12 . 63 c 5 . 66 c 3 . 68 d 14 . 69 c 7 . 72 d 9 . 91 d 4 . 94 c 10 . 96 b 5 , 13 . 98 c 6 . 103 d 9 . 110 c 5 . 110 d 16 . 114 b 12 . 114 c 9 . 117 c 6 . 131 c 17 . 133 a 10 . 139 a 6 (twice), 9 . Tur. 80 . 103 . Ardm. 18 b 1 . Thes. ii 294. 14 .—dú: ní dú ulc, Ml. 24 a 19 .— doit, Thes. ii 258 seems = dít.—For dond, donaib, see below.

DI FOR DO: Wb. 17 a 11 . 24 b 24 . Ml. 21 c 3 (?). 44 c 6 . 51 c 11 . 55 c 1 . 56 b 1 . 134 a 3 . dínni = dunni, 87 d 8 . desom = dosom, 33 a 5 . dinach = donach, Acr. 23 d 2 .

DI + ART.—SING.

(a) before vowels. dind, Wb. 5 c 16 . 10 a 5 . 11 d 16 . dind, 29 a 23 . dind hiriss, 11 d 2 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 24 c 17 . 25 a 19 . 48 d 28 . 58 c 6 . 67 b 17 . 67 c 18 . 89 a 6 . dind, 48 d 28 . 95 a 3 . 104 a 6 . Sg. 17 a 6 . 53 a 10 . dind huiliu, 40 a 17 . dindh, 35 b 13 . 125 a 6 . dindí, 9 a 2 . 63 a 17 (twice). 66 a 28 . 100 a 11 . 125 a 6 . 161 b 10 . 197 a 15 - 16 . Thes. ii 252. 14 ; 255. 7 ; 26. 40 . din obli, Thes. ii 255. 14 . dond: Wb. 10 a 14 . dond, Sg. 9 a 2 . 155 a 1 . dund: Ml. 17 b 23 . 34 a 27 .

(b) before ḟ (+ vowel or liquid): dind, Wb. 22 c 9 . Ml. 21 c 3 . 40 b 8 . 99 a 9 . dind fr., 56 b 1 . dond fritobairt, Sg. 183 b 3 . dun, Ml. 125 a 11 .

(c) before liquids: usually dind: Wb. 20 b 1 , 6 . Ml. 37 b 19 . Sg. 35 b 2 . 65 a 1 . 77 a 5 . Thes. ii 35. 32 ; 339. 3 . din rath, Wb. 5 d 6 . dund, Ml. 37 b 19 .

(d) before ṡ- (s + vowel or liquid): dint: Ml. 2 b 3 . 14 d 10 . 37 b 16 . 89 d 12 . Sg. 58 b 7 . dind: Wb. 13 a 21 . 24 a 17 . Ml. 55 c 1 . dunt, Ml. 27 d 2 .

(e) before d and t: din: din t., Ml. 15 b 4 . 16 c 7 . 24 d 14 . 44 b 1 . Thes. ii 13. 27 . din d., Wb. 12 c 13 . Ml. 61 a 36 . 81 a 7 . 94 c 12 . 97 d 10 . Sg. 39 b 11 . den d., Wb. 25 b 7 . don d., Wb. 9 d 5 . 10 d 8 . dun d., Ml. 17 b 23 (twice); dun t., Ml. 123 c 3 .— dind d., Sg. 5 a 5 . dind t., 3 b 14 .

(f) in other positions: din, dun: din ch., Cambr. 37 b . Wb. 22 c 18 . Ml. 2 b 13 . 112 c 11 . Tur. 60 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . Thes. ii 338. 1 ; 33. 19 . dun ch., 67 d 14 ;—din g., Ml. 48 a 21 . 48 b 2 . 48 d 28 . 49 b 4 . 61 a 37 . 113 d 3 . Sg. 9 b 17 . 156 b 6 . Thes. ii 248. 11 (sic leg.). dun g., Ml. 61 a 34 . 85 b 11 .— din ph., Ml. 126 b 1 .— din b., Ml. 39 a 1 . — din m., Ardm. 188 b 1 . Ml. 14 d 10 . 61 d 7 . 97 d 10 . Tur. 140 . den macc, Tur. 21 . den ch., 60 . den g., Thes. ii 230. 19 . don sc., Thes. ii 299. 8 .— dind b., Wb. 5 c 16 .

DUAL. din: din dib láib, Thes. ii 33. 26 .

PLUR. dinaib: Wb. 5 a 4 . 11 b 4 . 12 d 40 . 16 c 22 . Ml. 19 b 2 , 11 . 19 d 18 . 20 c 3 . 24 a 17 . 26 b 20 . 26 d 12 . 27 a 7 - 8 . 27 b 4 . 35 c 20 . 40 c 18 . 46 b 26 . 51 a 16 . 61 d 5 . 62 a 22 . 67 b 17 . 72 c 3 . 73 c 12 . 75 a 12 . 81 c 14 . 102 d 17 . 129 c 3 . Sg. 2 b 1 . 197 b 7 . Thes. ii 232. 10 . denaib: Ml. 29 a 9 . dinab gabálib, Wb. 13 d 33 . donaib: Ml. 19 d 18 . 23 c 27 . 37 b 24 . 46 b 26 . 60 b 6 . 64 c 17 . 89 a 2 . 107 c 8 . 119 d 3 . Sg. 2 a 10 . 50 a 19 . 63 b 10 . Tur. 115 . dunaib: Ml. 35 a 17 . 55 d 25 (?).

MID.-IR. din, den, don (arch. -nd, -nn); before ṡ- dint, &c. MOD. don, den, dhen, dhent (v. col. 128), don t (don tṡaoghal, don tṡruth, don tṡluach). Plur. Mid.-Ir. dina, dena, dona. These forms date back to Oir., cf. 1 do. Mod. dona, dena, dhena, Munster dosna (modelled on isna, leisna, &c.).

DI + POSS. PR. di short. 1 sg. dim: Wb. 26 d 21 . 27 a 34 . 29 d 3 . Ml. 21 c 7 . 23 d 6 , 9 . Ardm. 18 a 1 . m is unaspirated; hence written dimm, Ml. 23 d 9 . dom, Thes. i 337. 2 . 2 sg. dit: Wb. 31 c 8 . Ml. 40 a 6 . 110 d 12 . Thes. ii 249. 3 . ditodérnamaib, Ml. 40 a 7 . 3 sg. m. n. f. dia m. and n.: Wb. 5 b 10 . 33 a 2 . Ml. 23 d 17 . 40 b 8 . 44 b 1 . 53 d 6 . 65 d 8 . 94 c 8 . 133 a 10 . Sg. 50 a 3 . 111 b 2 . Ardm. 18 a 1 (four times). Thes. ii 253. 6 . fem. Ml. 72 b 17 . 102 a 15 . 1 pl. arch. dear n-: Cambr. 37 c . diar n-: Wb. 14 c 15 . 17 c 23 . 31 b 2 . Sg. 195 a 2 . 2 pl. dibar n-: Wb. 25 a 3 , 30 . 27 c 2 . difar n-: 23 d 17 . 3 pl. dia n-: Wb. 7 b 14 . 31 d 15 . Ml. 43 a 14 . 53 d 15 . 67 d 2 . 69 a 8 . 117 b 7 . 126 a 7 . 134 d 3 .

MID. & MOD.-IR. 1 sg. dim, dem, dom, &c.; mod. dom. 2 sg. dit, det, dot; mod. dot, dod. 2 pl. difar n-, dib(h)ar n-, dib(h)or n-; do bar n-, &c.; mod. do bhur n-, d'úr n-. 3 sg. pl. and 1 pl. The frequent early Mid.-Ir. writing dá (n-), dár n- shows that in the spoken language of the 11th century dia had become dá; dia, however, as a literary form lingered on for centuries until the close of the Mid.-Ir. period. Mod. dá (n-), dhá (n-); dár n-, dhár n-. For dá (n-) in the spoken language very commonly dona, modelled on iona. Exx. of dá from the LU: is cumma imthescad dá sciath ┐ dá sleg ┐ dá chlaideb, 79 b 14 ; ib. 27 . da, ib. 36 ; 81 a 25 . Numerous instances from LL in Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 35 . TBC Gloss.

DI + REL. dia n-: Wb. 8 c 11 . 13 b 12 . 13 c 12 . 13 d 25 . 16 c 7 . 19 d 11 . 21 d 4 .— Ml. 14 d 13 . 35 b 24 . 37 a 10 . 54 a 20 . 69 c 7 . 69 d 4 . 118 a 7 .— Sg. 3 a 2 . 30 b 3 . 66 b 10 . 71 a 17 . 197 a 6 . 197 b 12 , 18 . 208 a 7 . Tur. 80 . 131 . diarbu, ib. 22 . Thes. ii 326. 6 ; 328. 36 ; 337. 23 .— With negatives: diná-: dinadrícthe, Wb. 28 b 1 . dinaconbi, Ml. 85 b 7 . dinach, Acr. 23 d 2 = dunach.—MID.-IR. dia n- and dá n- ( LL 56 a 20 . 68 b 28 . 104 a 41 ), cf. poss. pron. above; neg. diná- doná- (di and do): innisis Mac Roth inní dona ragaib, LL 70 b 48 = TBC-LL¹ 1744 . Cf. ib. 2962 . ceol mbind diná fríth cosmailius fo niṁ, Ériu ii 116 § 47 . doná fríth sét ná samail, TTr.² 1711 . LB 136 a 51 . 138 a 12 . 138 b 11 . AFM v 1276. 17 . MOD. dá n-, dhá n-.

DI + PERS. PR. 1 sg. díim, Wb. 2 a 10 . 30 a 24 . díimsa, 7 a 2 . dimsa, 18 a 3 . dím, Ml. 54 d 7 . 95 d 3 . 132 a 10 . Thes. ii 248. 4 ; 351. 5 . dimsa, Ml. 17 b 18 . dimso, 59 a 18 . 2 sg. dít, Ml. 101 b 1 . 3 sg. m. and n. de masc.: Wb. 4 c 12 . 12 a 22 . 26 d 17 . 28 b 6 . Ml. 16 a 10 . 22 d 19 . 32 d 10 . 38 c 9 . 48 d 27 . 48 d 28 . 50 d 1 . 61 b 12 . 127 b 19 . desom, 33 a 5 . 91 a 21 . de, Sg. 59 b 7 . Thes. ii 298. 23 ; 337. 27 . neut.: Wb. 1 a 3 , 9 . 10 b 27 . 11 d 2 . 16 c 4 . 15 d 21 . 17 d 2 . 19 b 10 . 22 a 11 . 24 c 11 . 32 a 2 . 32 c 11 . Ml. 23 c 5 . 24 d 26 . 26 c 2 . 40 b 9 . 69 a 17 . 122 a 2 . Sg. 18 a 1 . 26 b 5 . 72 b 6 . 147 b 3 . 181 a 5 . Thes. i 5. 29 . Ardm. 18 a 1 . Thes. ii 248. 7 ; 253. 8 ; 298. 18 ; 334. 2 ; 33. 26 . dé: issí a pennit dé (not = ade), Wb. 26 b 20 . Ml. 69 d 3 . dæ, Ml. 44 b 1 . See further exx. in Ériu liii 135 . Rhymes with the final syllable of uide, Acall. 6811 ; comairle, 6659 ; Dairíne, 3231 ; ráidimne, 5170 ; fáistine, 6660 ; Laige, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 48. 9 ; uile, 68. 23 ; -se, 74. 25 . 3 sg. f. di (in Mid.-Ir. often dí, also occasionally in O.Ir. dī: lí, Fél. 166.27; . dī: lī: mbī, IT iii.1 § 131 ), Wb. 15 d 20 . 24 d 11 . 28 d 22 . Ml. 42 b 7 . 95 b 2 . 95 d 8 . 96 a 8 . 102 a 15 , 20 . 145 c 3 . Sg. 27 a 13 . 187 b 6 . 188 a 22 . 209 b 10 . di féisin, 199 b 10 . di feisne, 199 b 6 . dissi, Wb. 28 d 22 . 1 pl. díinn, Wb. 25 a 18 . 31 c 25 . díin, 10 d 8 . díinni, 26 b 18 . diínn, 15 b 4 . diín, 26 b 13 . dínn, 15 a 3 24 c 16 . 24 d 10 . dín, Ml. 105 d 7 . din, Ml. 53 d 9 . dínni, Wb. 10 d 8 . 15 a 6 . 24 c 8 . 24 d 24 . 26 a 25 . 26 d 7 . Ml. 87 d 8 . 135 c 1 . dinni, Wb. 15 d 8a . Ml. 91 b 10 . dinne, Thes. ii 335. 43 . 2 pl. díib, Wb. 27 b 11 . díibsi, 14 d 9 . 25 d 21 . diib, 8 c 9 . 23 a 22 . 24 c 14 . diibsi, 17 b 29 . 24 c 16 . diibse, 26 d 19 . diib féisne, 13 a 26 a . díbsi, 14 d 13 . 25 d 20 . 3 pl. díib, Wb. 5 c 2 . 13 a 16 . Ml. 90 b 17 . 90 c 27 . 121 b 8 . Sg. 9 b 10 . 51 b 13 . 73 b 8 . 74 b 4 . 138 b 4 . 149 a 2 . diib, Wb. 4 d 4 , 5 , 6 . 5 a 20 . 7 d 10 . 8 a 17 . 9 c 31 . 9 d 4 . 10 b 1 . 11 a 4 . 13 b 3 . 14 a 29 . 23 a 23 . 27 a 22 . 28 a 20 . 28 c 4 . Ml. 16 d 2 . 19 d 6 . 20 d 4 . 22 b 1 . 40 c 21 . 72 b 17 , 27 . 90 b 19 . 90 c 9 . 98 b 9 . 104 a 8 . 104 d 3 . 107 b 5 . 114 c 15 . 122 d 7 . 137 c 2 . 145 c 7 , 8 . Sg. 15 b 9 . 29 b 16 . 35 b 13 . 38 b 8 . 63 a 9 . 70 b 4 . 106 b 2 . 203 b 6 . 208 b 8 . 215 a 1 . Ardm. 17 a 2 . Thes. ii 23. 38 . diib féisne, Wb. 13 a 26a . díb, not in Wb; Ml. 30 d 13 . 35 a 8 . 42 b 5 . 47 b 6 . 61 b 17 . 96 c 13 . 129 c 18 . 146 a 3 - 3 . Sg. 9 a 18 . 213 b 8 . Thes. ii 320. 24 ; 335. 25 ; 335. 38 ; 344. 19 . dib, Ml. 33 c 13 . 42 c 7 . 44 a 20 . Thes. ii 34. 34 ; 298. 25 ; 310. 34 ; 316. 24 ; 317. 33 ; 330. 11 ; 335. 28 ; 344. 14 .—3 dual . de in cia de ( Wb. 23 b 33 . Sg. 242 a 1 ). nechtar (cechtar) de, q.v.—In the 2 and 3 pl. diib is disyllabic in Wb, monosyllabic only in connection with an enclitic particle. In the 1 sg. and pl. monosyllabic dím and dínn are original. Wb díim, díinn either disyllabic under the influence of the 2 and 3 pl. or, more likely, Wb-spelling for dím, dínn; cf. Wb rúun, ruún, ríi, &c.

MID.- & MOD.-IR. as Oir.—only monosyllabic all through (arch. occasionally diib. in the 2 and 3 pl.): 1 sg. dím, dímm (Mod. d(h)íom); dímsa (d(h)íomsa). 2 sg. dít, dítt (d(h)íot); dítsu, -so, -sa (d(h)íotsa). 3 sg. m. n. de (d(h)e); desin, desen, deside, desium (d(h)eisean). fem. di (d(h)i), dissi, dise (d(h)ise). 1 pl. dín(n), dínne (d(h)ínn, d(h)ínne). 2 pl. díb (d(h)íbh, d(h)íb), díbsi (d(h)íbhse). 3 pl. díb (d(h)íobh, d(h)íob), díbsin, -sen, -side, -sium, -so (d(h)íobhsan, d(h)íobsan). In Mod.- and late Mid.-Ir. the 3 pl. is kept distinct from the 2 pl. by broad bh ( díob, Mon. Tall. 147. 25 ; 15th cent. MS B IV 2, fo. 60 b . ZCP viii 116 st 15 , rhyming with síor. SG 309. 3 ).

DI, DE IN VERB. & NOM. CPDS. dĕ (cf. pron. cpds. 3 sg. m. n.) most frequent before `ro': co nderbadad (but rodíbda, inf. díbdud), ní derban , nís derbrad ( Thes. ii 347. 2 ), conda-dercacha, LU 87 a 29 , -dercaither (doecci), níruderchóin, derchóiniud, niconderérachtar (doérig), -dergaba (dígbáil), -derna, -dergénsat, -derlaig, -derlaiged, -derlaichta (ni dílgai , dílgud), dermar, dermat, co ndermanammar ni (Mil), dernum, todernam (cf. sním), -deroíma (dítiu), ní derscaigi , ní deruarid (diurad).—Cf. further dered `end, remnant' from *de-reth. Before broad ch, bh: -dechuid (but -dichsed, -dich), dechor, debuith. Occasionally before g-: -dénai, dénum. Before v: dead (besides diad, dudí, dudiastae), imper. deich (but -dích, dígal), aisndéis beside aisndís; but de + fo > dú-, Thurn. Hdb. 458 , or diu-: diunag, or deö-: deolaid `poor.' Before ṡ: degaid (beside digaid), deïd (if from + de-ṡed-), desruith; subj. condessin, ( ZCP x 376 ) (but condieig). di + a- >de in demaig, denall, denuas, v. XXXI. di + ad: dedbol. di + an-: denmne. di + aith: dethbir, dethiden. di + en: dessid, dellig, décsiu, -décci, -décmaing `cut off,' decming `impossible.' di + ess: -dér, -dérig, dérge, ( RC xxxvii 22 ) (do-érig), but dírech; deistiu .i. iartaige clainde, H 3.18, 80 . di + in: dindba, fordingrat, dingbail.

di: frequent with us (and fo): diucrae, diuderc, diunach (do-fonig), fordiuclainn, diummus, diupae, diupart, -diurat, diurad, -diuschi, diuscartae ( domfoscarte, Ml. 127 c 20 ). Cf. also diuchtraim, Wi.—Before most consonants: díbad, rodíbairg, díbe, díberg, díbdud, rodibda, díbert, díchenn, díchned, díchetal, -díchliter (díchlith, dícheilt), díchor (rodíchuired), dídnad, dígal, dígbáil, díguin, dílgud, dímeiccem, dírech, díscir, -díltised, díltud, -díxnigedar. Privative dí- very common: di-anim, -asnéte, -chin, -chmairc, -choem, -chretem, -chumuc, -grád, -gu, -ing, -miad, -rim, -thrub. Emphatic dí: díbec, dímór, díthrom (de- rare in this sense, cf. de-ḟordal, der-).

ORIGIN. Italo-Celt. , Ir. dí. In accented position also dĕ. The latter possibly includes the particle dis-, Lat. dis-. Compare especially the distinction made between dí-chor a putting away and de-chor a disagreement, a difference, diversity, and that between dí-taa stands apart and de-buith difference of opinion, dissent. De- from dis- possibly also in dedail. De- was either developed before broad consonants or possibly like Gk. δία it goes back to dis-a (modelled on μητά, κατά = Ir. ceta-). As dĕ- in the great majority of cases has the same functions as dí-, this explanation presupposes a blending of dē and dis in Irish. The original sense of dis- seems preserved only in nominal cpds. in Irish (de-chor, de-buith, de-dail).

OMISSION OF DI. Di is frequently omitted before the second of two substantives connected by ocus or nó: di ael ┐ chrieid, Ml. 102 d 9 . ib. 133 c 1 . Wb. 4 b 5 . BDD § 1 . MacCarthy, 62. 8 f.b. nech dia chlaind nó huib, RC xxiv 202. 17 .— Repeated: Wb. 13 d 7 , 25 c 12 . Ml. 67 b 17 . RC xxv 240 § 13 , 242 § 15 . Acall. 5355 . 7621 . 7677 .

SENSES. Di corresponds in usage closely to Lat. de, which it constantly translates in the Glosses, and with which it was identified by Irish grammarians: optimi de se meriti, gl. díb, Ml. 61 b 17 . de uita certamen, gl. din bethaid suthin, ib. 39 a 1 . exaltasti me de portis mortis, gl. dinaib dóirsib, 27 b 4 . ib. 19 d 18 . 24 c 17 . 25 a 19 . 40 a 6 , 7 . 73 c 12 . Tur. 21 . 59 . 115 . 132 . 140 . Thes. ii 26. 40 , &c.Ml. 27 d 12 it is introduced to render Lat. dis- in vb. cpds.: non dissimulat, gl. ní deintamladar. Like Lat. de it does not usually apply to time, except in a few petrified phrases, such as di chéin, do ló, d'adaig, d'aidchi, &c., cf. XLIX below. It unites the senses of the original ablative, instrumental and genitive.

De, di in a privative and emphatic sense (Lat. di-magis), see above.

A DI IN THE SENSE OF THE ORIGINAL ABLATIVE.—The difference between di and ass (removal of one object from within another) is shown by the following examples: tanísca Cuillius asa thruaill, LU 65 b 36 . tíscáil gái a hálad, O'Dav. p. 120 ; but : amal tíscar cend di luin, LU 71 a 22 . tairbling asa charput, FB § 36 ; but: doarblaing den chamull, Tur. 60 . tuc a lán...asin dabaig medha, Acall. 7399 . amal soersai lóain assin dabaig out of the vat Fél. Ep. 540 (but de lámaib Assar, Ml. 35 b 24 ).

v I With intransitive verbs of motion, denoting departure, separation or moving away from a place or object indicated by the subst., pron., &c., governed by di. Lat. cedere, decedere, discedere, migrare de. Often with verbs containing di- or ass- (as in Lat.).

atraig arises from, stands up from (Lat. de sella, de toro surgere): forchongair ... coire do línad hó bii ┐ Georgi do thabairt ind. atracht a ḟiuchad de cóic cubat déc, PH 1265 . Cf. éirgid: coro érig a ḟeoil ┐ a lethar de, ib. 2144 . aṁal luaithreadh saṁraidh ag eirghe do lár ré gal ngaoithe, TSh. 3. 5 . Cf. also Ml. 21 c 7 : de strato meo matutinus adsurgam, gl. dim dérgud.

bruinnid darts, springs forth from: bruinnid breo di thein, LL 145 a 40 . bruinnid araile díb bréo don teni forsin mac, Cóir Anm. § 54 . Cf. do-bruinn.

con-oscaigi removes from: cumscugud du díglae dín, Ml. 105 d 7 .

conrualae went away, departed : for nem a conrualae cech laithe dind íre what has gone to heaven from the earth Fél. Ep. 26 .

do-airling springs from, descends from: doarblaing den chamull, Tur. 60 (twice). disin doeirbling unde desilit, ib. 59 . beirid eocha lib ┐ ná túirlingid díob, SG 257. 18 .

do-bruinn springs forth, flows from, sprouts : dubrúinn dinaib slébib forsna talmana...in chré fechtnach sin, Ml. 81 c 14 . Cf. 1 bruinnid.

do-cer falls : docer in biail dia samthig, Tur. 131 . co torchair in cochull dib, Thes. ii 335. 28 .

do-érnai escapes from: ní thérna duine di riam gan éc, Acall. 6792 .

do-ic comes : súth nime ticed don draic sin, PH 2491 . táinic aingel Dé do nim, 3467 . 2473 . 5367 .—For the idiom tic dím `I can,' see below.

do-téit comes from, téit goes from: notésstae (sic leg.) di thír ┐ talam na ní sin, Wb. 9 b 19 . tuidecht in popuil di Ægipt, Ml. 130 b 1 . dichoid de muldach Muire which went out from the head of M. Mon. Tall. 127. 10 . coná térna ass acht a ndechaid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib, LMU § 15 . doraga mac duni de nim i lló brátha, RC xxv 234. 15 . doraga in Comdiu de nim, RC iv 248. 3 f.b. do thuidecht do nim, PH 3044. 3087 . cech húair nothéged dia lurgc, BColm. 56. 14 . má ragad cliar dimdach de, Ériu iv 214 st 10 . rachaid in fiad ata urri di, Acall. 7505 . iar ndol a feirge díbh, Cog. 214. 27 .

do-tuit falls from: coel ┐ cumung in drochet co tuitet dia medón isin glend ngaibthech, FA § 22 . mar tuitios baindi daill, O'Gr. Cat. 198 . gur thuit duille na fíréandachta bunadhasaighe dhínn, TSh. 91. 20 . cloch gan láma uirre ag tuitim do ṡliab, ib. 3. 1 .

dul depart from: ré ndul don doṁan so, TSh. 103. 7 .

lingid leaps from: ní asse léim dind béstatu ┐ dind tinchosc, Wb. 5 c 16 .

scáilid parts with: doscaeil in chaillech díob, SG 309. 3 . dond ch., 308. 4 f.b.

scaraid separates from, parts with: nír scar din fognam SG 326. 28 .

scuchaid departs from: scuchaid dím a mallachtnachu LU 32 a 34 . RC iv 248 § 9 . PH 3635 . Cf. LL 92 b 20 : ragab som dá armaib for feraib Hérenn coro scáigsetar dó.

scuirid ceases from: scuirem i fecht sa do scélaib na ṅGaedel, LL 4 a 47 . coná rosguirsed don treathan, MR 256. 11 . scuir don forcetul sin, PH 708 . níor sguireadar den tseolréim sin gur ghabhadar cuan a nEas Dara, OCT 9.20 .

snigid drips from: inbanda uisci glain oc snige anuas don charraic, PH 506 .

teichid flees from: ní techdis na heoin dia chonair reime, Ériu v 20. 14 . oc teiched din tsligid, SG 403. 3 .

trágid ebbs from: trágid in pian díb, FA § 24 .

II With trans. verbs denoting removal, abstraction, expulsion, robbing from, &c. (Lat. abripere, capere, deicere, emittere, eripere, expellere de); particularly after verbs containing di-.

ar-clich wards off: oipni ri airsclaige na gona díb, TTr. 2056 .

ar-scarta sweeps off, casts out: cethri cóicid Hérenn... do aurscartad di Maig Murthemni, RC iii 179. 3 .

benaid (bainid, béim, buain) takes off, cuts off from; wrenches, strips from, &c. ní bas síriu bithus di chend dít, LU 71 a 22 . bí a dornd do Ḟiachaig, ZCP iii 45. 2 . co mbí a chend de, TBC-LL¹ 1309 Y. robean sum a chathbarr dia chind, MR 70. 23 . in cochall gan a buain de, Acall. 4890 . SG 13. 3 . ic búain duilisc do charraic, ZCP v 497 § 11 . a chroiceann do bhuain de, TSh. 190. 19 .

berid takes away from, dobeir, do-ucc-, &c.: ruuc cách a rainn dí sin amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae hodie, Ml. 63 c 18 . amal runucad buáid diib, 104 a 8 . rouic búaid diib, Wb. 27 a 22 . Cf. buadigidir, XXXII below. Thes. ii 311. 20 . bec nách ruc ár folta diar cennaib, Siab. Conc. Anecd. iii 49. 1 . ní beir dím sním lobrae, Fél. Prol. 223 . étach berar do aos tuati, Mon. Tall. 154. 42 . nach brat berair do aos étraich, 155. 24 . Acall. 7366. 7931 .— berid coscur de, PH 3515 . 4895 . 4909 . 6275 . 8407 . co ruca braff di, ib. 3513 . go tuc Gamut leis da thig na ceola go teach Grigair, ZCP viii 114. 16 . tucsat a lláma chucu don méis, PH 5136 . breth di, 4200 .

brataid steals from: cétna brat Saxan di Ére, AU A.D. 434 .

cnuasaigid gathers from: do barr in ḟeóir docnuasaigthea in mil, CF 73. 10 .

con-gaib keeps from: ní congebed uacht síne do ḟeiss aidche hi linnib, Thes. ii 315. 2 .

con-scara keeps apart from: co comscara Dia dínn a mbruth, Otia ii 96 § 27 .

con-sní gains from: ag cosnum mennato dia bráithrib RC xxiv 176. 4 .

cuirithir puts away from: cuirid díib in nere so, Wb. 27 b 11 . n do chor diib, Sg. 106 b 2 . rochuir a mertnigi de, SCC § 31 . dénum aithrige co cuirmis dind ní diar cintaib, MacCarthy 62. 1 f.b. cor chuir in cathbarr de, Acall. 7931 . SG 13. 3 . PH 451 . iar ccor in tṡaoghail dé having retired from the world AFM 847 .

dlomaid removes, expels from: dlomais dóib da thír díles, LL 152 b 45 .

do-airindi, -tairinni lowers : aṁail do turnadh an chloch don tṡlíabh, TSh. 3. 20 .

do-boing exacts (a tax) from: toibgigthur éric dit, Laws ii 16. 6 ; ib. i 136. 11 , v 422. 20 . fuil Críst do thabach dia clannaib, PH 3287 . a lín in tṡluaigh doboing bretha dín, RC xvii 143. 19 .

do-cuirethar, vn. díchor, puts away, prevents from: bod ríg Érenn acht co ṅdíchuirea Luirig do neart ata forin neclais, BB 208 a 38 . díchor da cach dualaig, Alex. 824 .

do-ecmaing, -ecmaing cuts off : coneccmaing a láimdói di Lugaid, RC iii 182. 3 . décmaing a chend de, LL 291 b 3 . RC xiii 46 § 58

do-esc-, tesc- cuts off : doneiscend a chend den mil TBF, ZCP iv 41 . 5 (YBL). do chlaideb féin tescfas dít do chend, Dinds. § 36 . tescthar de a lám, RC x 68. 15 . gur thesc barr a thengad de, Cóir Anm. 279 . gur thesc a chenn da cholann, Sechrán 66 .

do-feid, do-díat leads from: as nert Dæ dudaruid som du cech imniud, Ml. 63 b 12 . oca tuididen di cech imniud, ib. 92 c 5 .

do-foscart-, -diuscart removes : díuscart dím an delg, Thes. ii 248. 4 . díscart dín in nécin fil fornd, LU 63 b 9 . nodiuscartiss de, BColm. 94. 22 .

do-fúarcaib, tócbál, etc. raises from: ní thuargaib a cend dia glún, LMU § 17 . tuarcabad dímm a náirde tegdais i rraba, PH 3728 . toicébut sa mo thinnscrai dhít, Lism. L. 1159 . dosnócaib do lár, Trip. 552. 8 . cioth rod-tógbhuais dot choilcthaib, ITS v 20. 10 .

do-gaib, vn. dígbáil, takes away from: dirogbad a díib, Sg. 9 b 16 . ná digebad cid a oenḟocul dia briathraib si nó di briathraib ind cáich cossa fuided, Mon. Tall. 150. 5 . ó ndígaibther .vi. lathi díbsin, PH 4931 .

do-ícsa takes off : bithus di chend dít amal tíscar di luin, LU 71 a 22 . ní thíscad a drucht do rind ind ḟeoir FB § 88 .

do-ingaib, vn. díngbáil, keeps off from: Dia dím cech saeth doringba, Thes. ii 351. 5 . FA § 16 . a Dhia cidh ná dingbai dínd in cia why keepest Thou not the mist off from us? RC xvii 143. 17 . BColm. 92. 17 . PH 344. 7233 . dingaib dind na hamaiti, Acall. 6767 . 4416 . 5463 . 6975 . 7143 . 7680 .

do-léci lets go, throws, lets down: condarlicthe tech immunn di nim, Wb. 15 c 13 . tairlaicid forchai tentide dina nemdaib a fiery bolt was hurled from the skies Trip. 60. 19 . ind long...doleced do nim, FA § 2 . rotelged... do neim, BColm. 64. 8 . theilgeas na daoine i dtiaich na talṁan do chlár táiplisi an tsaoghail, TSh. 26. 2 . teilc tart doit, Thes. ii 258. 12 (one expects dít).

do-seinn hunts : rotaiphnedh socraite Poimp don muigh, CCath. 5769 .

fennaid flays : iar ḟendad a chrocind ┐ a ḟindfaid dia chind, PH 6578 .

fo-ceirt throws from: focertam fial diínn, Wb. 15 b 4 . amal foceirt nech a ætach de, 32 c 11 . facheird dia aicniud, Ml. 94 c 8 .

fóidid sends : fóidis Dia Michel do nim, SR 1918 .

foxul, toxul remove from: iar foxul s diib, Sg. 15 b 9 . ferann da togslaidther in athgabáil, Laws i 302. 17 .

gaibid takes (away) from, keeps from: gabáil mo gotha dím, Ml. 95 d 13 . masa gabáil rogabu de in mac sin, Laws v 200. 12 . ní gebed di dul ind, Thes. ii 315. 22 ; ib. 333. 1 .—Frequent in the phrase gaibid desemrecht di takes example from: co ngaba cách d. dit gnímaib, Wb. 31 c 8 . 7 b 14 . 24 c 8 , 14 . 26 a 25 . 26 b 7 , 13 , 18 . 26 d 7 , 17 . 28 a 20 . 30 a 24 . 32 a 2 . Ml. 22 b 1 . 30 d 13 . 118 a 7 . cu ragabthai se desmberecht dimm, PH 5272 . ib. 3573 .

gataid takes away from, lops off; steals from: ní gatda diib imnetha in betho, Wb. 10 b 1 . mar ragatad a chend de Chormac, LL 52 b 7 . gatsat mo uli indmas dím PH 704 .

glanaid clears away from, expels from: glanais a luathred di lár ind lis, LU 23 b 12 . Mac Moga ┐ Eocho glanait sluago Mumnech do chlár Lifi Lagnech, LL 35 b 10 .

gluaisid moves from: gluasacht oenubuild díob de lár Mon. Tall. 145. 18 .

in-árban expels from: indarpe s de genitin ejection of `s,' Sg. 77 b 2 . Usually constructed with ass.

laaid casts from: ní rolsat som cumachtae ṅdé diib, Ml. 16 d 2 . rolá in cennide dia chind, ScM. § 3 . rolá a bratt de, PH 1128 . 7084 . Cf. rolái dó a étach, ib. 5242 .

léicid puts away from: fár léigis díot do choimét, SG 260. 11 . ná leic meisi don chroich sin, PH 2471 . anté leigeas de gan bheith ag smuaineadh, TSh. 7. 5 ; same phrase 9. 19 .

leoid cuts off from: co roleoad dia bun, Ériu iv 134. 11 .

scáilid loosens from, releases from: BB 364 a 40 . rosgaoil macc an chuill dá héill, Tor. Dh. Oss. 182 . co roscáil de fochetóir, PH 2195 . atá mian orm sgaoileadh dhíom, TSh. 75. 14 . leaves alone: sgaoil don médail!, RC xxix 220 .

scipaid sweeps or snatches away from: cor scib dím in díliu, Ériu iv 128. 15 . an ceann lem ingin do sgiobfainn dod chaolsgrog, Midnight court 652 . ib. 709 .

taithmigid loosens from: taithmidig a chuibrige de PH 2227 . assan i cuibrech ┐ ócech immalle fria. taithmigid díb, ib. 4372 . 2223 ; with do = di, 2112 , 4888 .

-talla takes off: tiagsa contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58 c 6 . nico tald som dér dia gruad, Mon. Tall. 153. 23 . an bic co tall mo léni dím, LL 277 a 19 . antan tallus mo chéill dia thorbu dam, Ériu iv 134. 11 . tallsat in étach de PH 3300 .

tremi-beir transfers from: crux ainm do gním in chrochtho acht tremiberar di suidiu conid ainm dun chrunn, Wb. 8 a 5 . Ml. 2 b 17 . 21 c 3 .

III With verbs denoting salvation from, protection from, cure of:

aingid: nonanich Dia di cach imniud, Wb. 16 a 4 . Dia mór mo anacol de mur teintide, ACC 4 .

cobraid helps out of: cabair mé don díchumang sa, BColm. 62. 11 . fuarus sa mo chabair do cach docamail irraba isin tsægal, YBL 164 a 31 .

do-eim rescues from (orig. `demit'): conidnderoimed di lámaib Sauil, Ml. 55 d 4 .

do-essoirc saves : dumesurc sa din (sic leg.) galar fúail se, Thes. ii 248. 11 . donnesmart...do, etc., 322. 10 .

ícaid saves from: ár nícc donaib galaraib i mbiam, Ml. 107 c 8 . isindí rondannícais ni din derchoiniud hísin, 89 a 6 . din galar, 48 b 2 , 48 d 28 . dun g., 61 a 34 . dun tedmaim, 123 c 3 . donaib imnedaib, 35 c 20 .— íccfaid side (i.e. Dia) cách dia cintaib, PH 6475 .

soeraid id.: nobsóirfa si Dia dinab fochidib, Wb. 11 b 4 . di peccad, 24 c 18 . nonsoer ni di dóiri...dinaib pecthaib ┐ donaib adradaib idal dorigensam, Ml. 46 b 26 . din dóiri, 81 a 7 . de d., Fél. Ep. 532 . din galar, Ml. 48 a 21 . 61 a 37 . dinaib fochidib, 19 b 2 , 11 . 24 a 17 . 26 d 12 . di f., 20 a 12 . ( Fél. Ep. 520 ). dinaib imnedaib, 27 a 7 - 8 . 102 d 17 . donaib i., 89 a 2 . di lámaib (Asar, mu námat, &c.), 35 b 24 . 53 d 6 . 55 d 6 . 61 d 2 . 68 a 2 . 84 c 15 . 90 c 18 . Fél. Ep. 528 . du l., Ml. 91 d 4 . pro liberatione .i. di lámaib A., 72 d 6 , 7 . di chumachtu Assar, 112 c 12 . cum saluata sis, gl. di chumachtu A., 107 a 2 . saluum eum fecit Deus .i. di ingraimmim Abisolon, 87 c 1 . di thein, Thes. ii 302. 5 .— Fél. Ep. 512 . 516 . 524 . 536 . 552 . 556 . rosaerad Abraham dona gáibthib, PH 5885 . Three Hom. 92. 29

With omission of the verb: di thólu æchtrann ┐ námat di phlágaib tened ┐ nóine save us from Thes. ii 256. 11 .

IV After verbs denoting cleansing, clearing, purging, washing:

nigid cleanses from. in sruth niges anmand na næm din (v.l. don) chutrumma chinad noslenand, FA § 16 .

V With verbs denoting restraint, prevention or prohibition (di + dat. pers. or dat. rei). quis nos impediuit..., gl. dind riuth forsa robith, Wb. 20 b 1 .

ar-fuirig keeps back from: ma arfuirestae díb in taidchur, Ml. 47 b 6 .

ar-gair forbids : ní argart recht díinn, Wb. 31 c 25 . prohibentes nos, gl. .i. dínni, 24 d 24 . prohibere, gl. .i. diib féisne nó di nach aile, 13 a 26 a . ní bói ní aridgarad de, Ml. 72 b 6 . din, 53 d 9 . dím, 132 a 10 . argérat ítaid díib, 121 b 8 , with which comp. Mon. Tall. 147. 25 : ní argara ítid díob, and RC ix 474. 21 : cumma aranggairtis gortai ┐ íttaid díb na hubla; -argarad dit, BDD § 13 .

ar-troetha restrains from: artróidfea siu inna drochdáini dia nanduch, Ml. 134 d 3 .

baccaid hinders : nír bacadh dibh no one hindered them Lism. L. 3208 . an aithne bhacas dín the commandment that hinders us MacCur. p. 110 .

con-gaib restrains from: níscongbaitis .i. di ersolcud a ngena, Ml. 55 a 18 .

con-secha id. coiscid do bar nimresuin, Fen. 182. 5 . coscther a gin de golgaire, TTr. 1068 . Ériu v 190 l. 472 . coisg dá luadh, Each. Iol. 59. 3 .

do-airmesca, -tairmesca hinders : ní rotoirmescad dibso toidecht, PH 575 . Cf. nadat torbad .i. nachat tairmescad dit gaisciud, LL 262 a 21 . Cf. SG 22. 2 , 16 .

VII After fris-toing abjures : mani cometsam dear tolaib ┐ ma fristossam dear pecthib, Cambr. 37 c .

VIII After anaid ceases from, rests from, orig. `to breathe...from' (cf. ἀναπνέω with gen.): ná anam di dénum maith, Wb. 20 c 14 . iarsindí ronan hua céin di aisndis dun popul, Ml. 126 b 1 . de molad Dé ni anad, Thes. ii 315. 1 ( anad do molad, PH 2418 . ) rogess dó anad de, LL 288 b 16 . an dím, ib. 119 a 25 . ní anfem de, Lec. 150 a 1 = BB 326 b 4 . anad dind imguin, SCC § 36 . roansat dia nimratib FB § 72 . anad de thinsaitin, LL 159 b 2 . do imthecht LU 22 b 3 . 25 a 16 . ó and oc are competing prepositions.

IX In the construction of such verbs as beogidir revives from, sonartnaigidir becomes strong from: a mbeogud dia marbad, Mon. Tall. 147. 17 . a rrosonartnaigestar din galar hi robae, Ml. 49 b 4 .—Cf. Speijer Scr. Synt. § 100 n. 2 .

X After verbs denoting surpassing, excelling:

deligid surpasses : deligfit a ndegláich de deglaechaib fer nÉrenn, LL 57 a 16 .

do-róscai surpasses, excels : ní derscigem nech di alailiu, Wb. 2 a 14 . doroschither dano diib, Ml. 107 b 5 . di hilib, 40 a 18 . Sg. 40 a 6 , 7 , 8 , 17 . 42 a 1 . doróscaisset maic Israhel donaib cenélaib cocríchthaib, Ml. 119 d 3 . di neuch, Sg. 43 a 3 . 45 a 11 ; further 42 a 1 , 5 . 42 b 2 , 3 . 40 a 13 . Thes. ii 335. 43 .— dirósced Cuchulainn diib uile, LU 121 b 21 . roderscaig do mnáib Érend, 48 a 25 . darrósci de rígaib, LL 237 b 5 . FB § 1 . CCath. 279 . SG 345. 2 , &c.

ro-uc prevails over, outstrips : a ned ruc do chéli do ócaib domoin...roucaiseo di mnáib Ulad, FB § 18 . a ned rucc grian do rennaib nime rucaisiu de mnáib domain uile, ib. § 19 . roucsaidse...do sluagaib na tíri sin ule, § 93 . ruc Íth de brithemnaib Hérend, LL 12 a 17 . corruc díb Ír mac Miled...do cach luing, ib. 12 b 22 .

XI In the construction of verbs denoting lack or want of. The preposition which originally depended on the verb often comes to be associated with a neighbouring noun or pronoun in a partitive sense.

ar-tá stands before, confronts, remains: becc arabí do uidi do neuch, Anecd. iii 21. 11 .

do-esta is wanting : andudesta di foirbthetu for nirisse, Wb. 1 a 9 . 23 d 17 . ma dudesta ní dibar niris, 25 a 30 . tesarbae óinloman de, 17 d 2 . aní dodesta di chomalnad, 26 d 8 , cf. ea quae desunt .i. diar niris, 31 b 2 . ut nihil desit, gl. dia forcitul, 31 d 15 . Ml. 94 c 10 . Acr. 3 c . Thes. ii 13. 27 ; 33. 19 ; 33. 26 .—dá bliadain teasda do dá ḟichet = thirty-eight years, Cog. 140. 21 (B). dís testa do ḟichit = eighteen AU ii 230. 15 . oenlá tesbaid di fichit nineteen days SR 6814 . a ndotesta dit nirt, SCC § 13 . ní theseba do slondud su don tír se, Dinds. § 127 . —Competing prepos.: ass, Wb. 28 d 31 . Hy. v 88 .

do-fuarat remains, is left over . Prep. no longer connected with the verb: forsan dered duruarid dib, Ml. 44 a 20 . nícon diurat ní dib dia æs (partitively), 72 b 17 . do neoch rothiruarthestar din churp doenna, RC xxv 242. 8 .

mairid is left over, remains : ó nár mair do thrí cathaib na Féinde acht mad Oisín, Acall. 7906 . issed romairistar d'iarsma na muintire, 7903 .

XII After verbs and substantives denoting disgust, abhorrence of:

lius: amal nadngaib lius di suidiu is samlid insin nísgaib som lius di fordiuclaimmim mu thuaithe se, Ml. 34 b 6 .

XIII With verbs denoting buying from, receiving from. Lat. emere, redimere, mercari, accipere de aliquo.

ar-fóim receives from: anmman araḟóimtar di dánaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . combed de láim anmcharat arfemad sacrafaic, Mon. Tall. 146. 26 . is do láim ind anmcharat is cóir airitiu in tsacrafaic, 146. 23 . de aiti, 160. 18 .

cennaigidir buys from: is díles in mac sin don fer isa ben coro chendaigther de, Laws v 200. 12 . ceinnechutsa fín lógmar díb, LB 139 a 51 .

crenaid id.: ní cria di ṡecht mbaethaib file la Féne .i. di mnái di chimbid di mesc di drúth, &c., Tec. Corm. § 19 .

do-oggell(a), ZCP x 377 , LEIA D-172-73 . buys from: issed doruagell diib AU A.D. 963 . doruachell lógu móra don scolaigi, LB 213 a 56 .

XIV After verbs denoting asking, begging, demanding . Lat. quaerere, percontari de aliquo.

fisraigid inquires : dḟiosruig de, Gadelica ii 91. 6 .

guidid begs : in clam gáde ailgis dí, Thes. ii 339. 5 . nathir...gáid dím a tichtu i Pardos, SR 1322 . gáid side di mithisse .vii. ṁbliadan, LU 134 b 12 . But also with do ( LU 61 b 22 ; LL 288 b 16 ; 124 a 14 ) and co ( SR 2171 ).

iarmi-foig asks : with di and do in Mid.- as in Mod.- Ir.; the oldest sources seem to prefer do: iarfaigis dó, FB § 39 . iarmoracht dosom, Mon. Tall. 137. 2 . roiarfacht scéla dó, Trip. 122 . LU 113 a 22 . dia coic .i. do B., Thes. ii 334. 41 . doib (v.l. dibh) ib. 323. 9 . Mid.-Ir. usually di; de, Acall. 2854 . 3646 . 6445 (do only in proclisis as 6546 ); PH 1802 . 1960 . 2611 . 2621 . 3106 . 6579 . 7294 , &c.

XV In the construction of dligid (ar-dlig) in Mid.-Ir., competing with do.—OLD-IR. do: (a) dlegair domsa precept do chách, Wb. 1 b 8 . dlegair do neuch attlugud buide do Dia, Ml. 55 a 7 . (b) dligim ní duit I have a claim upon thee, Wb. 32 a 20 . rodligestar ní dó, Ml. 36 a 29 . MID.-IR. (a) di: ní dlegar díb dol a cath, BColm. 102. 3 . ardlig dín a cetol, Fél. June 1 . a ndermat ní dlegar dím, LL 137 a 12 . dlegar dínn ár nimcaissin do thimorcain PH 6870 . ib. 4098 . 4157 . 4168 . 4182 . 6514 , &c. ní díom dlegar, SG 320. 35 . do: dlegair do neuch cloechlód inaid do dénum, PH 6464 . (b) duine trúag dia rodlecht rí Laigen lind, Thes. ii 337. 23 . rodlig Lugaid fíacha de SG 253. 7 . orguin rodligestar Ingcél díb to which I. had been entitled from them BDD § 23 . dligid Colmán screpall de, BColm. 94. 27 . dligim dítsu, RC iii 184 . In this sense do is not used in Mid.-Ir.

XVI After verbs denoting eating, drinking from. (orig. abl. or gen.). Competing prep.: ass.

ibid drinks from: assibsem imróol di rath in spirito, Wb. 12 a 17 . de turbulento riuo ... potare .i. dint sruth buadarthu, Ml. 2 b 3 . ité ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna na deachta, PH 6238 . cachaen ibius ní de (.i. din tobur), Acall. 6778 . —ass: ibhis digh móir aisti (sc. assin tsíthal), Acall. 7151 .

óol drink from: deug mór du óul din dígail, Ml. 94 c 12 .

loimm sip from: is loimm de (v.l. do) romuir, Fél. Ep. 41 .

ithid eats : mad a lourtu noestais diib, Ml. 98 b 9 .

XVII After verbs (words) denoting choice or selection out of a number or quantity.

do-roígu has chosen : nípat hé indíi beta thuicsi di Iudeib, Wb. 4 c 40 . toga díb sin choose of them ZCP viii 318. 4 . aitire dogó de manchaib, Ériu i 220. 6 .

XVIII In the construction of do-rorban profits by, from: is mór a thorbe de dúnni, Wb. 1 a 3 . níbtá torbe de, 19 b 10 . connach bi tarbe dúinde de, Acall. 4213 .

XIX Di with ellipse of verb between two substantives, indicating removal of the former from the latter: dá mad gnáth mairb a talmain nó fuilt do chennaib dáine, Acall. 7062 . a cind dona druídib ┐ dona filedaib mani fintar cia doróne ...shall lose their heads ZCP iii 5 § 15 . Cf. usce dia mbassaib do dhig fair, MacCarthy 70. 13 .

XX Expressing position with regard to, (north, south, &c.) of: amal rundgab Slíab Sion andes ┐ antuaid dun chathraig, Ml. 67 d 14 . in tulach lethaniar do Themraig, Acall. 7897 . allathís dia ṡúil below his eye PH p. 630 b . suas de, Thes. ii 314. 7 . Cf. Sliabh Cruadha do thaobh dhé, ML 22. 12 .

XXI Ml. 55 c 1 : hi telaig ba nessam dind slóg, dind seems to stand for older dund (nessa do geintib, Wb. 2 b 17 . cid as nesu dúin, LL 258 b 43 . LB 219 a 70 . dó LU 62 b 40 ); but both constructions might be old. Cf. Lat. proximus with dat., abl. and ab, and Umbr. nesimei asa deveia (abl.), Iguv. 6 a .

XXII-XXXI ABLATIVUS ORIGINIS—denoting derivation, descent, source, starting-point or the like.

XXII After dotéit, do-ic (cf. I supra) ásaid, imfolngai, forcomnacair indicating the source (thing or person) whence anything originates or is acquired. dotéit: ished dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne, Wb. 22 a 11 . cid mall ished dodechuid de, 24 c 11 . anda lim ol sisi dorraga ní don mac sin something will come of that boy Mon. Tall. 150. 26 . is de taett ár tárcud ne, BColm. 98. 9 . do-ic: táinigc maith an tsámaid sa dom thoisgc cucu good has come to this congregation from my journey to them BColm. 98. 11 . de tháinig a thiughlaithi, MacCarthy 420. 4 (BB). táinig don smuaineadh sin gur dhiúlt sé dáinius an tṡaoghail, TSh. 13. 12 . thiocfadh de, dá dtiocfadh, ib. 14. 28 ; 34. 2 f.b. ; 48. 13 ; 65. 1 ; 80. 11 . IDIOM. ní tic dím I cannot (orig. it cometh not from me; for the sense-development cf. Acall. 7680 ): ní tic din (sic leg.) astud we cannot keep RC v 200 § 12 . tic dimsa, ib. ní thic dim a náirim uli, LU 39 a 12 . ní thicfad don domun uli, LB 145 a . ní thic dimm a nindise uli, PH 503 . do neoch, IT i 169. 21 . with do: ní thic dún a rád, LL 29 b 2 . ásaid: síl Aeda diar ásair mór ríg, LL 185 b 1 . iseadh fásas desin, MacCarthy 122. 2 (BB). fásaid in maith se díb co menic, PH 7963 . —im-folngai causes, effects : imforlinged mór namri de, Wb. 15 d 21 . Ml. 69 d 4 . déde immefolngi dundí contuarcar, Ml. 34 a 27 . condib degním immefolngither de, 23 c 5 . imfolngar gním di suidib fochetoir, 31 d 10 . a folad dia nimmolṅgaithær uox the substance from which vox is produced Sg. 3 a 2 . The last ex. shows how close is the connection between this sense and that of XXVII (c). forcomnacair has come from, is formed from, v. foll.

XXIII Expressing the origin or derivation of a name .

(a) name from: denominatiua, gl. de rét ailiu roainmnichthe, Sg. 31 a 5 . ainmnigud dind rét as mám and, 77 a 5 . doberr ainm ṅdóib din gním gníte, 156 b 6 = PCr. 65 b 1 . a fogur dia forcomnacair, Sg. 30 b 3 . mbruigfer cid ara neper? dí lín a mruige, Laws iv 31 . Lugaid...is desin ráiter Gairbḟerand claidim Luigdech, RC xxiv 186. 16 .—Often approaching or passing into the sense of `cause.' is ainm sanctus dó dind rubríci sin, Ml. 37 b 19 . amal asrobrad leusom donaib feraib trénaib di inni a nneirt asrobrad donaib ídlaib di inni a nenartae, 37 b 24 . asberam sanctos doib dint sainriud inna nóibe techtae, 37 b 16 .

(b) gram. derived from: Aniendae di anmmaim ind ṡrotho, Sg. 35 b 7 . rosarium .i. bróinde nó rostae .i. de rosa dind luib, 35 b 2 . celae dondí as caelestem , 9 a 2 .

XXIV Connecting two substantives, of which the latter indicates the source whence the former has come or is brought (cf. XIX): pane caeli, gl. in sásad di nim, Ml. 123 c 15 . Iudae Machabeo, gl. di Macha civitate , 67 b 16 . sacaird dí triub Leui, Tur. 6 . Lassar di cheniul C., Ardm. 17 a 2 ; 18 a 1 (dia desciplib di Laignib); 18 b 1 § 15 . lam nóib di Laignib, Thes. ii 326. 2 . Dé de nimib, Hy. vi 19 . Nár thuathech di thuathaib Cruithnech di chlaind Lóith LL 138 b 13 . cométaid di muintir nime, Snedg. u. Mac R 37. 6 . dias dAlbain is do Lochlaind, ib. 13 . Nechtán de Albae, Fél. Jan. 8 . Émene de Brú Berbae, Dec. 22 . Ep. 396 . láir do Chorco Ché rodnalt, ZCP viii 307. 30 . ib. 313. 32 ; 110. 5 . Ériu iv 104. 5 , 15 ; 106. 15 . luisse do ṡléib a flash from a mountain, 102. 15 . daig do sléib, Rawl. 84 b . dig den tiprait, Ériu iv 100. 15 .—do ṡíl Rosa (the npr. follows) LL 314 a 18 .

XXV Indicating racial origin, descent .

cinid springs, descends from: cinsiu di churp ríg sceo rígnai, FB § 22. 3 . conid díb rochinset in dá tharb, LL 246 b 51 . cinfid di ṡíl Chuind, ZCP iii 461. 16 . nír chin a choṁaosa dia chined i naonaimsir, AFM 1788. 5 . Competing prep.: ó ( Wb. 4 c 6 ; LL 46 a 34 , &c.).

gainithir is born from: ó óinsíl rogénartar dá macc de, Wb. 4 c 12 . cuirp genit...dina sílaib dereolaib, LU 37 a 31 . geinfid maccán dia fine, Three Hom. 98. 23 . co ngeinfitis cinedu iumda dia ṡíl, PH 2260 . oen is mesa rogen ┐ genfes do ṡíl Adaim, 3079 .—More usual with ó.

do-fuissim v. XXIX (c). is di v. XXVI. attá di v. XXIX.

XXVI After the copula.

(a) indicating the group, person or thing whence anything originates or of which it is a part.

(α) type † ba di Grecaib Aichil: di chlaind Cham ind Egiptacdai, Ml. 99 b 7 . ba do Ḟraṅccaib máthair inna clainne, Thes. ii 309. 19 . ba díb in tṡaergein Slaṅga, LL 5 b 23 . corub do muinntir Finn iat, Acall. 3142 . cúicir druad...ba díb Badgna, díb Cathbad drái, 2543 . do lucht in tíre seo hé, 7476 . do Thuathaib Dé Danann issí, 3907 . asberat bid di lucht na luinge...in tEugan Táidlech, ZCP viii 313. 23 . ib. 26 . ba de Ultaib a bhunudhus, RC vi 174. 8 . Ériu iv 140. 20 .— is din chorp in ball, Wb. 22 c 18 . ní díbsem in comsuidigud, Sg. 213 b 8 . is do chóicid Chondacht in ferann sin, RC xxiv 186 § 20 . PH 5766 . 2589 .

(β) type †ba di Grecaib do Aichil indicating racial origin: de Iudéib do Barnaip di geintib do Thit, Wb. 18 d 6 . di Iudéib doib, 27 d 4 . as ndi thalam do that he is of the earth Ml. 68 c 4 . di chlaind Thessei dóib .i. di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31 b 2 . ropo do Dáil Choncobair dosom, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is dár sluagaib duitsiu a Ḟerguis, TBC-LL¹ 753 . can do Ḟind? do Laignib ar Cáilte, Acall. 6547 . Finn...do chlannaib Baiscne dó, 7307 . as do Leith Cuinn dó, 2029 . ní dibh dóibh ZCP viii 112. 1 . ib. 112. 4 . Todd Nenn. 224. 30 .—Cf. d'oendreim dóib is d'aencháraid they were of one company and of one yoke (of horses), BColm. 90. 11 .—Rarely of things or abstracts (as type α): is de corpore dissi (of the eye), Wb. 12 a 26 . prouindsi Aroandum didiu, do rigi Magnuis Cam dhi, ZCP i 388 . Hence the change of construction, Ériu iv 140. 19 : de chloind Míled dúindi ┐ do Grécaib ár mbunad.

(b) indicating the origin of a name: is de is named from: corub díb...na trí tulcha, Acall. 6517 .

XXVII After the subst. verb.

(a) of origin, descent, native place : nícon bia rí dit chlaind, ZCP viii 315. 24 . manodfil fer di chlaind Airt i nÉre ishé in fer sin, 311. 34 . Most frequent diatá from whom is (are) ZCP viii 293 pass. dia rabatar Mic Conchubair, 294. 21 .— cathrach dia rabi, PH 1635 . Cf. also Ml. 103 d 9 : cum totius gentis interitu, gl. connaconbeth ní du Israheldaib.

(b) of issue, consequence : ní bia bríg desium, Mon. Tall. 154. 11 . biaid olc de, LMU § 10 . regma amin cibed bias nde ZCP iv 46. 16 . ní bia debaid de, Ériu iv 108 st 69 . ised rombia de, ZCP vi 267 § 8 . TBC-LL¹ 1896 . PH 2647. 4745 . is eol dam a mbias de, Fianaig. 26. 7 . atá so de this results from it ZCP viii 317. 36 . cid bias din gai seo, RC iii 179. 28 ; 180. 4 f.b. inní dia fuil a marbad, Fianaig. 50. 19 ; v. XLV (a).

(c) of the origin or derivation of a name: atá di is named from. is de attáa Féna Forfid, Ardm. 18 a 1 . Colmán mac Duach diatá Cell meic Duach, Ériu i 44. 1 . conid de atá Cnoc in Banchuire, Acall. 2851 . isam mebrach inní dia fuil, 7305 . is díb atá Ferb in Trír, 7349 . inní dia raibe, 6451 . is desin atá, 7880 . Ériu iv 140. 8 .—Cf. conid desin atá in seanḟocul, RC xxiv 194 § 8 .

(d) makes a part of, belongs to, v. XXXIII (k).

(e) of the stuff or material, v. XXIX (b).

XXVIII The idiom attá di such is originally meant it follows, comes, results from (XXVII (b) supra), is because of . A similar usage occurs with do-ic: dothicfad dia nimut nách biath anóir forro = such would be their abundance that they would not be valued ZCP i 386. 10 ; and with rosaig: rossaig do binne a labartha conid, &c., TBith. 101 . —For the sense-development cf. especially: consternatus sum, gl. atá di thrummai na fochaide insin, Ml. 23 a 19 , which might be translated: this results from the heaviness of the tribulations. robói du méit a pecthae som combu uisse a nepeltu i nóinecht so great were their sins that...(orig. it followed from the greatness of their sins, &c.), Ml. 98 c 6 . robói du chensi Duaid conná rogaid do Dia dígail for Saul, ib. 55 d 4 . búi dá cosṁailes ná haithned nech fer seoch a chéile díb, CCath. 2051 . atá do gére theinedh ifrinn dá ndoirtidi fairgi an domain na chenn nách turnfadais aenraed dá thes, RC xxiv 381. 14 . atá do ṁét an ḟuachta atá and, ib. 17 , 20 , 24 , 26 , 28 , 30 . búi dia noemi coná rolámsat a marbad, PH 552 . —si sanctorum pedes lauauit, gl. marusbói di humaldóit, Wb. 28 d 29 . ni tha dia méit, 5 b 10 . ní rabæ di esamni Duaid co naipred, &c., Ml. 33 c 17 . attá di ṡeirc la laitnóri inna nGrec co seichetar cid a comroircniu, Sg. 1 a 2 . rosbúi do bríg they had such grace Snedg. u. Mac R 9. 2 . búi do méd a ratha such was his grace Ériu v 20. 6 . robói d'imarcraidh egla forro conná fededar..., CCath. 776 . robúi do méd do cinedaib roclói Poimp conice sin nárbo miad leis, &c., 275 . atá d'iomat maigeanta as díolarrdhacht maisdeadh such is the abundance of my intelligence ML 124. 5 . dobí d'ḟebas a ṁebra gacha cluinedh tiar is tair dobíodh aige do mebair, SG 108. 7 . bói d'ḟebus in fethme...co, &c. LB 156 b 28 . dobai d'ḟeabhus aimsire...go fuabradais fognamaig na fearann gan feidhm MR 102. 7 . dobí dá thinneasnaighe tháinic, SG 27. 28 . dobhí dá rothes, 22. 13 . búi dia luas som cu cengailtea a marcaig isna dillaitibh, ZCP i 382. 2 . atá dia sruthi ┐ dia huaisli na hesergi co mbátar..., PH 3424 . Acall. 3119 . In late Mid.-Ir. also with a personal subject: ní bíd dá bochta nech isin domun ná bá hécen dó a ícc, LB 132 b 7 , for Oir. †ní bí di bochtai neich, &c. no one is so poor. atá da faide fodhes iatsen (Stokes' emendation unjustified) ná faicet acht blogh bec don tṡechtar rét, CCath. 1583 . — di méit...feib as much...as: itá do mét dethiden ┐ gráda cáich díbsium feib oc araili, RC xxv 246 § 24 . Cf. XLVIII.

XXIX Indicating the material or substance of which anything is made or consists .

(a) between two substantives (for orig. gen.), connecting the material immediately with the thing, type: tob di humu a bronze trumpet Ml. 2 b 16 . críol di croccund róin a basket of sealskin Thes. ii 347. 33 . cros dit sailiu, ib. 249. 3 . mílech de ór, BDD § 1 . tuagmila di ór ┐ airget, ib. léine dei ṡítiu, ib. ecor de ór, ib. cúaich di ór, Anecd. iii 50. 20 . bruidni do dergór, 51. 2 . brat d'olaind Tíre Tarrṅgaire, Acall. 7268 . cimus do bánór, ib. léine do tṡroll ríg, 7415 ; do tṡída buide, 7660 . coróin do spínib PH 3296 . cros de ór, MacCarthy 38. 7 . ib. 38. 3 .—Competing with the gen.: amdabach do sciathaib, Acall. 6940 : amd. sciath, LU 65 a 6 . MR 142. 3 . én dergóir, MacCarthy 38. 8 ; cúaich óir, LL 22 b .

(b) attá di is made of, consists of: dá maelassa imma chosaib ┐ ní feas cia luib dia rabadar, Ériu iv 138. 28 . inar corccra...┐ ní fess cia luib dia robi, PH 2854 .

(c) after verbs signifying `to make, to shape, to produce, create; to be made,' &c. Lat. de aliquo fit aliquid; facere, componere, comparare, fabricari (aliquid de aliquo).

con-utaing builds up: amail cumtaiges inna curpu móra dena sílaib dereolaib ┐ dano amail rochumtaig na curpu dermara den dligud nemaicside ┐ den dligud nemchorptha, RC xxv 242. 10 . is sochma do Dia coro chumtaige cen adbar nó de adbar deróil cech nadmat bes áil dó, 242. 14 .—Cf. XXXVIII.

fo-ceirt: ár do chor dínni, Ml. 135 c 1 . rolauth ár dermar di cechtar in da leithi, LL 408 a 46 . ib. 404 b 24 .

cruthaigidir creates, shapes : rochruthaigfea in Comdiu cuipa na esérgi dind adbur toltanaigfes do, RC xxv 242. 7 . isé rochruthaig Adam do chriaid in talman, PH 2289 .

do-fuissim brings forth, creates : hé donrósat do nephní SR 7518 . má rothuismis na huli do nefni, PH 4796 . clanna cáine tusmiter di ḟorbbaib téchtaib, LL 293 b 40 . na dúli dia rotuismidea na cuirp sin, RC xxv 242. 13 . cuirp na ndáine...tusmiter dina sílaib dereolaib, 252 § 37 . LU 37 a 31 .

do-gní makes. (α) trans., type: mad fleteg dogneid dind œclis if ye make the church a banqueting-house Wb. 11 d 16 . dorigénsat in descipuil deu diib, 7 d 10 . ib. 2 a 10 . 4 d 1 . 8 c 9 , 11 . 9 d 4 . 13 a 21 . 17 b 29 . 24 d 11 . Ml. 26 c 2 . 27 d 2 . 51 b 8 . 69 c 7 . níbu machdath dorónta dia dind liac that a god should have been made of the stone Sg. 65 a 1 . ib. 9 a 18 . 26 b 5 . 27 a 13 . 35 b 13 . 41 b 4 . 63 a 9 . 63 a 17 . 66 a 22 , 28 . 70 b 4 . 100 a 11 . 125 a 6 . 149 a 2 . 187 b 6 . 188 a 22 . 197 b 7 . 209 b 10 . 216 a 1 . is di lus...dogníther in chorcur, Tur. 115 . din chloich dorigne saland, Hy. v 40 . Thes. ii 337. 27 . na dúili co ndernta do nemní, RC xxv 252 § 36 . déna bairgena dona clochaib se, PH 4797 . dogéna ór do indebar, 7276 . dorigne sroigill do ṡúainemaib, 4526 . cruithnecht don eorna, BColm. 102. 32 ; 104. 1 . MacCarthy 48. 7 , 11 . SG 251. 3 f.b. gadaigi dogní dimsa you make me out a thief Ériu v 234 l. 52 ; cf. PH 7600 . dorinni sé rí do Lingcus, RC x 181. 22 . doghéna Diabul cimidhi dona pecthachaibh, xxviii 318 § 36 . LB 212 a 5 . RC xii 428. 2 f.b. Ériu iv 134. 12 . PH 7656 . TSh. 32. 28 .—Here also dogní di = to do with, dispose of (like Lat. facere + abl.): an rochara dogné dímsa do with me as thou wishest RC xxiv 150. 31 . ZCP iv 43. 13 . apair cid dernais dind ornaisc, RC iv 43. 29 . déntur do thoil féin dímsa, ZCP vi 277. 12 . (β) impers., type: do-rinne ḟinnmagh d'iforn hell became a fair plain Ériu iv 114. 28 . ib. 116 st 20 . co nderna min ┐ luaith díb. Acall. 5585 6336 . 6340 . ib. 5619 . 5013 . 420 . 421 . 2395 . 3510 . doringne cuach cera dia gnúis, TBC-LL¹ 2602 . 6083 . SG 250. 18 . co nderna brioscbruar dona huile longaib, ib. 3 f.b. dorignedh uisce searbh da lionn, 28. 23 .—With ellipse of the verb: ní asse nóib di suidib not easy is it (to make) saints of them Wb. 3 d 28 .

suidigidir establishes : rosuidigestar æm óinchorp d'ilballaib, Wb. 12 a 30 .

im-folngai v. XXII supra.

XXX Indicating the place where action is originated and whence it extends while the originator remains fixed there; type: dobert maldachta foir di mulluch in tslébe he cursed him from the top of the mountain Ml. 58 c 4 . ex Sion...inde, gl. is dé ropridach ┐ is de atror int huile talam, 69 d 3 . luid hi telaig ┐ argart doib di suidi, 55 c 1 . fommchain...de dindgnaib doss it sings to me from the tops of bushes Thes. ii 290. 9 . di uertice fulget .i. din mulluch, Tur. 140 . Dia firién cluines mo dó nuaill de (v.l. do) nimiath néll who from the heaven-land of clouds hears my cries ACC § 5 . is dib (viz. from the thrones) beres in comdid a briathra fíriana for cech noen, PH 6239 . asbert Bricriu friu do lár in tigi from off the floor of the house FB § 26 . tarlaic aurchor do muin a mairc, Oss. i 3 . Also: gabtar ár neich dún ┐ indliter ár carpait co ndernam cathugud dar nechaib ┐ dar carptib indiu, TBC-LL¹ 3609 . Cf. debaid dechaib, s.v. debuith.

XXXI In some STANDING PHRASES in connection with a subst., adj. or pronoun.

demaig from without , q.v.

deṡiu: romsnáidhet d. ar demnoibh, Ériu iv 238. 8 .

fri...deṡiu on this side of: fri Alpai ndesiu, Sg. 217 b 8 . fri crích deṡiu on this side of the boundary, 217 b 12 . citra .i. centarach .i. frie deṡiu, ib. 71 b 2 .—Opp. to fri...anall.

dianechtir from without : Ml. 57 d 10 . 66 a 3 . 67 d 2 . 127 a 14 . 211 a 9 .

diandes from the south , Thurn. Hdb. 287 . Ml. 67 d 2 .

fri...denall from yonder side: fri sonnach adíu...fri sonnach denall, LU 23 b 19 .

denuas from above, de-super: d. dotiagar hisa tech, Thes. ii 292. 19 .

di bunud (from the root) from the beginning, originally: ná hadṁuigh si toirrchius na bainimpire óir ní let é do bhunadh, Sechrán 24 . Ériu iv 53. 10 . dar liom is urlabhradh daona sin agat...is duine mé do bhunadh, OCT 13.12-13 , 14 . Cf. iar mbunud, Acall. 7704 .

di cech aird from every side : abís in mara timchellas in talmain sin do cech aird, RC xxv 252 § 36 . FA § 6 , § 28 (LB).

di cech leith id., undique . immib di cach leith, Wb. 17 b 19 . dugairet arbar inna nnámat...impu di cech leith, Ml. 62 b 13 . 66 d 10 . in talmain impu di cach l., 51 d 3 . v. leth.

di cech thóib id. na héigmi doníthi umpu do cach thaib, Acall. 6782 .

di chéin from afar (a) of time. doarrchet d.c. nombiad adrad Dé la genti, Wb. 6 d 8 . is d.c. immunrordad, 20 d 10 . (b) of space: fasisidar di chéin Coinculainn, LU 71 a 34 . do neuch ditoet do chéin aidchi ndomnaig, Anecd. iii 21. 12 .

di chian from afar, of space: gan nech do thiachtain dochum ár longpuirt do chian ná dḟocus, Acall. 5474 .

di chianaib for long : robádar cethri cridiscél liomsæ de ch. I have long had four darling wishes Mon. Tall. 136. 20 .

di chiunn with a verb of motion = away . intan tét a laithe di chiunn cosnaib gnímaib, Ml. 21 c 3 . For other senses of di ch., v. 1 cenn.

din chur so (sin) this time, on this occasion, now , &c. Already Mon. Tall. 148. 14 (den ch. sin). don ch. sa, TTr. 1275 . LL 215 a 45 : dind ara chur.

di éis after ; but do might be older ( dom héis se, Wb. 29 d 9 ). retro .i. di ess, Ml. 2 c 1 ; dia é., 23 d 17 . 72 b 17 . dia né., 69 a 8 . 53 d 15 . diar néis, Sg. 195 a 2 .

di ḟocus, d'ḟocus from near : do chian ná d'ḟogus, Acall. 5474 .

di ḟót at once, suddenly : di fot .i. dinad nó di maighin .i. fochetoir, O'Dav. 754 .

dinad on the spot , v. di ḟót.

di leith: dind leith ailiu, Thes. ii 16. 40 ; 35. 32 .

di maigin on the spot : ó rob erdalta lais a ṁarbhadh do ṁaighin, Hugh Roe 102. 20 . O'Dav. 754 .

disin hence, then Ardm. 18 b 1 (twice); glossing Lat. unde Ml. 44 b 27 - 28 . Tur. 59 . Lat. hinc Ml. 48 c 1 . 104 a 3 . Lat. exinde 90 d 13 . Lat. proinde 108 d 3 .

B In the construction of certain verbs (and subst.) which might partly belong to the categories mentioned above.

XXXII aithnid, Mid.-Ir. aichnid, enjoins, commands : ná derb le maith ná le saith issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 §8 . tre forchongra in Tailgind do aichin dim dul ann, Acall. 7254 . mar daithin díobh gan where he commanded them not, &c., Keat. aithnes dia apstalaib, LU 35 a 31 . dá ḟeadhnachaib, ML 64. 22 . roaithniged díob, SG 54. 21 .— One would expect do (cf. Cog. 146. 16 ); di seems to have arisen in such phrases as do aithin dóib (díb) cen...do dénum.

buadaigidir is victorious, wins : nír bu lour leusom buaduguth dib with victory over them Ml. 33 c 13 . is missi buadaigfes de bar mac nDamáin, LL 82 a 38 . buadugud do Grécaib dona Troiandaib, TTr.² 180 . In Fél.² clxxii 11 , di seems original.—The same constr. occurs after búaid.

celebraid bids farewell : de Ḟiachraig, LL 51 a 17 f.b. díb, 276 b 4 . díib, Trip. 182. 18 . do: celebor dam, LU 73 b 8 . celebrais dó, LL 291 b 7 f.b. dóib, Trip. 198 . TFerbe § 16 Eg.; do seems original.

dethiden care , v. LII (c θ). essamnae fearlessness, confidence , v. ib.

lenaid adheres to, cleaves to, follows : lenit a pecthe dindí dobeir a ngrád, Wb. 29 a 23 . 5 c 16 . 10 a 5 . co lenamain dít, Ml. 101 b 1 . roleldar díb (i.e. axibus) 96 c 13 . rolil dím, 54 d 7 . lenaid din gutai thoisig, Sg. 9 b 17 . Thes. ii 310. 34 .—Thus also glenaid: glete de which stick to him Ml. 127 b 19 .—There is no support for the common supposition that di has here taken the place of do. The vn. díle .i. lenamain, Metr. Gl. 17 , also points to di as the original construction.

remcaissiu providence , remidéci provides for, v. LII (c θ).

C DI IN A PARTITIVE SENSE, often taking the place of the old genitive.—The partitive sense arose when di loosened its connection with the verb and became dependent on some neighbouring word denoting quantity. Compare the following instances where the sense of the original ablative is still apparent: assibsem imróol di rath in spirito we have drunk a great draught of (orig. from) the grace of the Spirit Wb. 12 a 17 . Ml. 94 c 12 . cach æn ibius ní din tobur, Acall. 6778 (cf. ité atoibet do thopur na deachta, PH 6238 ). gatar dam díb one of the oxen is stolen BColm. 56. 13 . ní foichred cnói díb for lár, LU 90 b 6 . cid focerdmais ní dé why should we cast away any of it? Cog. 96. 23 . dís testa do fichit eighteen AU ii 230. 15 . má dudesta ní dibar níris, Wb. 25 a 30 , &c.

XXXIII

(a) Preceded by a cardinal or ordinal number: óin di airchinchib Assiæ one of the leaders of A., Wb. 7 b 11 . óin dinaib aicsenaib inso, Ml. 62 a 22 . unus de cantatoribus, gl. dinaib cétlaidib, 61 d 5 . oen dinaib cestaib, Anecd. ii. 12. 1 . aen díb, ZCP viii 110. 30 . aen do chétt one out of a hundred BColm. 106. 11 . -mebdatar a nnói díib ZCP viii 313. 35 . míle dia náimtiu, PH 4048 - 4051 .

(b) preceded by a numeral subst.: mórḟeser dia muintir, Ardm. 18 a 1 . dias aile díb; dís dia muntir, PH 4427 . triar do chlannaib Baiscne, Acall. 7308 . morfesiur dia aes gráda, PH 980 . ochtur do Cháilti, Fianaig. 50. 1 . trí nonbair d'iarsma na Féinde, Acall. 7896 . trí .l. ban do mnáib T., 7822 . Cf. is óinfer gaibes búaid diib, Wb. 11 a 4 .

(c) preceded by a pronoun or pronominal word: alaile: alaaili diib...alaaili dano some of them Sg. 215 a 1 . for alailib diib, 208 b 9 . rel. a n-: ní áirmi a mbís iarna chúul dind séit, Wb. 24 a 17 . a mbís hóṡen suas dind eo, Thes. ii 255. 7 . a fúair do ṡaethar ┐ do ṡalchar, PH 7390 . ib. 7485 , 7646 . cách, cech: cách di suidib, Ml. 26 b 20 . cách diib, 114 c 15 . 137 c 2 . díb, 42 b 5 . 42 c 7 . díob, Mon. Tall. 132. 14 ; 133. 15 ; 136. 2 . cech diib, Ml. 72 b 27 . cachae, cechae: cach hae díib, Sg. 74 b 4 . cechae diib, Ml. 40 c 21 . 146 a 2 - 3 . cach ai dib, Thes. ii 330. 11 . cach oen, nach oen: fri cach noen din cenélu dóine, Cambr. 37 b . cech óin díib, Ml. 90 c 27 . dia chlaind, 133 a 10 . cach haen do mnáib, BDD § 3 . nach oen...de[m] muindtir, Mon. Tall. 129. 36 . cechtar de: Wb. 15 d 9 . 19 c 21 Ml. 17 d 12 . 39 b 2 . 31 b 3 b and 4 . 31 a 24 . 114 b 1 . Sg. 4 a 8 . 29 b 16 , 18 . 77 a 6 . 147 a 5 . 188 b 5 . nechtar de: Wb. 11 c 17 . 14 c 4 . Ml. 35 d 24 . Sg. 27 b 6 . 62 b 2 . 173 b 6 . 201 a 4 . cía de, Wb. 23 b 33 . Sg. 242 a 1 . c. dhib, ACL iii 5. 29 . RC xxiv 194. 1 . cia don dís, PH 3262 , 3273 . Acall. 7644 . cid: cid as maith di sunt, Wb. 12 d 12 . After é, sí, ed, often emphatically brought forward with the copula: ishe rochreti di muntir Cessair, Wb. 24 b 31 . ishé céetne fer cetaruchreti di áis Assiae, 7 b 11 . ithé ciaturuchreitset diib, 14 a 29 . issí mo sanserc sa di cleirchib, Mon. Tall. 150. 10 . sechi sí dia rígnaib, Ml. 65 d 8 . issed romarb don tṡlúag, RC iii 181. 36 . intí: intí nochreitfed diib, Wb. 5 a 20 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19 d 6 . 102 d 4 . Mon. Tall. 132. 24 . indní díob adgladmis, ib. 136. 29 . nech, neut. ní. nech: accaldam neich diib, Wb. 13 b 3 . nech di æcnib, 8 b 4 . 18 c 11 . 28 b 1 . 32 c 8 . nech dim chlaind, Ml. 23 d 6 . nech dinaib nóibaib, 51 a 16 . cen nech dimm æs dim chlaind, 23 d 9 . nech dia chloind RC xxiv 202. 12 . ní: fil ní de as fir, Wb. 11 d 2 . ib. 1 a 9 . 12 b 32 . ma dudrignius ní donaib remeperthib, Ml. 23 c 27 . ní din main, 97 d 10 . ib. 20 d 4 . 24 a 19 . 60 b 6 . 102 a 20 . du dánaigiud neich dúnni di (sc. a thrócaire), Ml. 96 a 8 . ithe neich di, 102 a 15 . ib. 105 b 7 . Sg. 147 b 3 .

(d) preceded by a substantive (or substantivally used adj.) denoting part or quantity . banne: b. dond lind, LL 208 a 46 . bec and its opposite mór: is bec di mór aní roinnisemar, RC xxvi 148 § 28 . is bec di mór chena aní sin, LU 17 b 32 . ní romill a bec din chasail, Trip. 58. 23 . ní beg dhe, O'Gr. Cat. 115 . a bheag ná a ṁuar de, Midnight court 520 . blog: dind ailig, Corm. s.v. gaire . don blonaicc IT iii 65. 8 . CCath. 1584 . iar mbloid don ló, Ériu v 116. 4 . boimm: b. don bargin, LB 49 b . PH 5141 . cethramthu a quarter: cecha cethramthan di (viz. nox), Ml. 95 d 8 . cuit: cuit cáich din rath diadu, Wb. 5 d 6 . cuid díb, Otia i 115. 6 . drécht: dreecht díib, Wb. 4 d 6 . 5 c 22 . i ndrécht dind hiriss, 11 d 2 . cachla drécht diib, Sg. 38 b 8 . drécht din aidchi, Rawl. 44 a 1 . Otia i 114 . d. mór dona longaib, TTr.² 1701 . dia muintir LU 65 a 37 . d. d'écsib, LL 161 a 5 . drong: drong dia míledu, PH 848 . d. dona Iudaidib, 2623 . d. díorma do ṁaithibh Dháil Chais, AFM iv 1064. 8 . leth: assin leath deiscertach de Ultaib, RC vi 174. 5 . indala leth dind rígthig FB § 15 . lucht: a roacairbe fri lucht aile díb, FA § 9 . mír: mír dind lucht, Thes. ii 339. 3 . rann: rán din deacht, Wb. 12 c 13 . rann diar forcitul, 14 c 15 . r. di sillaib, Sg. 59 b 9 . rann din obli, Thes. ii 255. 14 . pars de feoil, Mon. Tall. 132. 8 . rand de (sc. corp) RC xxv 242 § 14 . sochuide: s. diib, Wb. 8 a 17 . uathad: huathad ṅdóine do chretim diib, Wb. 4 d 4 . bid huathad creitfes diib, 4 d 5 .

(e) after words like ball, membur, tráth, lá, bliadain and the like, to denote the unity of which a part is expressed by the preceding word: is ball di Críst in fer, Wb. 22 c 9 . is ball dind fiur in ben, 22 c 9 . naich baill dind deilb, Sg. 5 a 5 . óire nundem membur uili du Dea, Cambr. 37 c . Thes. ii 255. 15 . in naemad caibdel do lebar Matha, PH 7293 . 7304 . lomán dia brut a string of his cloak BColm. 92. 30 . in fichetmad lá do mís Márta, PH 2574 . ba hí in sesed uair do ló innsin, 2894 . isin nomad bliadain déc do ḟlaith Tibir, 2571 . etir dá thráth din ló, RC iii 184. 29 . re deirid don ló, Acall. 7696 .

(f) similarly after any substantive (or adj. used absolutely), denoting the class or category of which the preceding word forms a specimen. (α) type: duine (fer, ben, macc, rí, &c.) diib = one of them: sé maic leis. ní fárcaib mac díb claind, ZCP viii 291. 21 = nech díb, 292. 3 . trí slóig ...slóg díb, FA § 22 . ní fil diib mnái nachit charad, SCC § 6 . tuarustal uirrig diobh, ZCP viii 116. 33 .—Similarly duine (fer, &c.) di chét one of a hundred TSh. 55. 16 (d. do chéad). Cf. oen do chétt, BColm. 106. 11 . cech fer din cethrur so, Ml. 2 b 13 . (β) type: fer dia muintir a man of his household Wb. 33 a 2 . ib. 9 c 31 . cach fer di chlaind Latin, Sg. 33 a 13 . do cach cathrur di Románaib, 33 a 10 . 51 b 13 . 138 b 4 . (γ) type: aingel di ainglib nime one of heaven's angels Wb. 18 c 11 . ib. 12 d 40 . rann di rannaib in domain, Ml. 125 b 7 . ced laá di laib sechtmaine, Thes. ii 40. 31 . robrisiset cleith di clethaib ind rígthige, FB § 25 . fer d'ḟeraib Éirenn, SG 291. 25 . fer dina feraib, ib. §§ 61 , 91 . oenchainle dina cainlib sin, FA § 13 . mac dia maccaib PH 6614 . ball do ballaib, 7631 ; ib. 4825 . secht deich bliadna de bliadnaib, MacCarthy 192. 6 . Often emphatic.

(g) Very frequent with a comparative or superlative or word with the force of a superlative: carissimo filio, gl. dim daltib huilib, Wb. 29 d 3 . iunioris .i. di chlaind Iacob, Ml. 85 a 2 .

(α) di follows immediately after the comp. (sup.): anas ansam diib, Wb. 10 b 1 . in deil as choemem di dindgnaib Roerenn, Thes. ii 295. 3 . cia ben is mesa do mnáib, ZCP viii 113. 11 . in dá én ba háildem dib, SCC § 6 . fer as áldem di feraib Hérend, FB § 51 . in fer ba ṁó dḟeraib Éirenn, Acall. 7990 . in ingen ba sine díb, 7329 . in tóclach ba mó díb, 5064 . is cruthaige dferaib, 6988 ; ib. 7393 . 7819 . oenlaech...caeime do laechaib in domain, FDG 575 . in tænduine is ferr delb don Ádhamchloind, Acall. 7562 . in ba hindilldirghi dibrucud dona feraib ┐ in ba mó eiri dona trénmogaib, 7394 . dún ba dili lais dia dúinib, TE § 1 Eg. in dún fa nessa dóib dona trí dúintib, Acall. 7462 .

(β) type: in gaiscedach is ferr robói d'ḟeraib in domain, Acall. 6557 . in tarm is derscaidti bai dib, RC xxiv 196. 4 . triur is ferr lámach atá d'ḟeraib in domain, Acall. 6092 . in lín is lia robadais d'ḟéind riam, 7621 .

(γ) type: intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19 d 6 = intí bes t. díb. Cf. ní beth duine budh áille anás, Acall. 6020 . ní ḟuil don drong dænnachta nech is annsa limsa, 6434 .— After words equivalent to a sup.: prímgeinde do hireschaib, Wb. 4 b 9 . lennán dia claind, RC xxiv 176. 10 .

(h) di in partitive sense after a negative verb (esp. attá) = Fr. il n'y a pas de: nád bíad dē de cleithi la chenél and, Trip. 1814 . See cléithe. nísfil do pláig for bith nachusbera sin for cúlu RC xii 430 § 21 . go nach raibhe do chongnaṁ aige, ML 30. 15 . ní fail di nach dath ná beth forsin loch sin, LL 170 a 37 . cen co beth do thrénḟeraib and acht Fergus, Ériu iv 28. 15 . cen co beth do gaisciud and acht Conall, ib. 28. 20 . gin co beth d'ḟis ná d'ḟíreolus a nÉirinn acht..., Acall. 7887 . ní fuil d'feraib innti acht mathir sea, Acall. 5958 . ní fuil d'écsib Innsi Fáil fear imtha, Ériu iv 220. 9 . gonár fácbhadh do bhúaibh i nÉirinn so that no cows were left in Ireland, ib. i 89 § 36 .—Similarly in positive clauses after attá: i mbói di óinachdaib leu robeth for díb mílib ech, Ml. 43 d 1 .

(i) partly from the preceding usage and partly from the partitive usage in general arose the idiomatic use of di neoch din neoch, din cách (with or without díb) = cách, cach oen, nech.— fidbretha...muirbretha do neoch doruirmius, Laws i 182. 1 . is triasin forcongra sin atresat na huli dáini a bás .i. do neoch rosluic talam ┐ atuatar biasta, RC xxv 236. 2 = PH 3628 . fer rodíglastar Ultu for firu Hérend .i. do neoch díb romarbad, Ériu iv 28. 27 . bertís lægu riasin tráth arnabárach ┐ do neoch nobered loegu díb noscáiltis imma loegu TBC-LL¹ 1531 . cech dúil do neoch techtas bethaid all creatures who PH 4021 (partit.). morfesiur dia aes gráda do neoch ba díle lais díb, ib. 980 (part.). ragait attrebthaide Salamona etir aes ┐ áitid din neoch as tualaing gabáil gascid, TTr. 490 . ara clannaib...de neach file ┐ bias co dé ṁbrátha, LL 36 b 4 . connách bái dUltaib i mbethaib do neoch donarbo chotlud ná cuala, TBC-LL¹ 2962 ; —Here perhaps also Thes. ii 11. 36 ; Wb. 17 a 11 di neuch is governed by Lat. oboedientia. Neut. di neoch all that: imdéntar leis do neoch romilled dUltaib, TBC-LL¹ 1612 (di depending on imdéntar; but 1622 : imdénta latt an romilled dU.). essbuid cecha maithiusa do neoch fil eter neam ┐ talam, PH 4344 . Cf. also 2219 : coro díglum ár nancride fén fair do neoch forodámar ara dáig, where di depends on díglum.

(j) di partitively with the copula = one of, part of: is d'adbaraib chatha Chula Dremne sin that is one of the causes of RC xvii 142. 4 . bid dia phianaib a niffern na péisti sin fésin ic cocnam a ḟola it will be part (one) of his sufferings PH 7670 . bid diar scélaib, Snedg. u. Mac R 14. 7 . ba da bésaibh cach ní fa tibred lám da forba it was one of his customs to complete everything to which he put his hand CCath. 1178 . is do thimnaib rechta Moysi nemthomailt ḟeóla mucce, PH 6542 . is do bhuadhaibh an chopáin so an tan, &c., Oss. iii 226. 25 .—Here also Ériu vi 160. 2 f.b. : corub d'ingantaib láime Ciaráin an scél sin. Cf. XXVI above.

(k) di partitively with attá = forms part of, belongs to: ní di chorp atóosa hóre nímtha laám, Wb. 12 a 21 . ní nádmbed arse di chorp acht atá de, ib. 12 a 22 .

XXXIV Type ferr do laech a better warrior : isé ba ferr do laech, LL 150 a 37 . Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20 . am ferr do laech andái (sic leg.) RC ix 460. 4 ( ICM 1. 5 ). Modelled on the plural: †ité batar ferr di laechaib.

XXXV di . . . di, di . . . nó di, whether . . . or, be it . . . or, developed from the partitive sense of di: gibé noḟothraiccfedh innte (viz. isin dabaig) do chlannaib Fiachrach d'ḟior nó do mnái whether man or woman Anecd. iii 5. 3 f.b. (depend. on gibé). aonduine d'fir nó do mnái, ZCP viii 211. 20 . ar ná bí nach soer fri tairmthegd in domnaig di triun ná tróg whether strong or wretched Anecd. iii 25. 20 (depend. on nach). ní búi mílid...doná búi cara isin longphort sin da coibhnestu nó do cliaṁain nó da comdalta nó da fir aenchluichi isin Róim, CCath. 2431 sq. ní faicfed delb daena fair do chind ná do chois, RC xxvi 146. 3 . cidh bé conair isin domun do dodhaing nó do ṡodhaing be it hard or easy CCath. 639 . Not here PH 4285 . —Cf. do bicc nó (do) mór little or much PH 4140 . dḟír nó do gó, ZCP v 24 st 15 , v. L infra.

XXXVI GENETIVUS GENERIS: after a collective, quantitative or numeral word, di indicates the constituent units or substance. Competing with the genitive and sometimes not distinguishable from the gen. materiae (XXIX above) and partitivus.

(a) after a numeral word: a nói do móin a nói do min ┐ a nói do chaill, Thes. ii 298. 10 . míli dainglib, Acall. 7735 . trí cét míle do demnaib, 7770 . aon do ló one day ZCP v 495. 5 . viii 562. 10 . SG 23. 16 . Caithr. 150. 5 . aen doidche one night SG 60. 31 . Cf. araile doidche below. dias de fennedaib, LL 90 b 25 . céd do doirrsib, Snedg. u. Mac R 13. 19 .

(b) after pronouns and pronominal words: quaecunque fecerimus, .i. di sóinmechaib ┐ dóinmechaib, Wb. 4 b 5 . nihil, gl. di frithorcuin, Ml. 95 b 2 . Rel. a n-: (α) type: a ndorigeni Dia de maid the good that God had done Wb. 21 d 11 . 30 a 8 . Cf. Ml. 124 b 5 . a césme di cach imniad ┐ di cach guassacht in betho, Wb. 13 d 7 . (Cf. in rocésusa dimned, Anecd. iii 55. 18 = 56. 8 .) Ml. 127 a 2a . a nobid and de feol, Mon. Tall. 129. 25 . a tánic do noeblégund a tír, 136. 21 . a ndernnsat na senóraig do thoirrsi, Acall. 7909 . (β) a ndu imnedaib fodaimi what of afflictions thou sufferest Ml. 55 d 11 . araile: a. doidche, SG 12. 32 . Cf. oen di ló. cid: cid as imgabthi do dénum di ulc ┐ cid as déinti di maith, Ml. 51 b 10 . dim: deim de eot deim de formut, ACC § 105 . ed: ciped do phéin nó do fochraic dliges, RC xxv 240 § 13 . ceped dliges di phéin, 242 § 15 . ní, nanní, nech, inneoch. ní: ní di maith, Wb. 28 d 31 . 33 a 15 . ib. 13 a 12 . Ml. 15 d 9 . 23 c 20 . 36 d 10 . 63 c 5 . 68 d 14 . 93 a 20 (ní di máinib). 114 b 12 . 114 c 9 . 122 b 16 . 124 c 22 . ní di maith, Mon. Tall. 134. 17 ; 147. 30 . ní de min some meal, 157. 31 . ib. 137. 7 . nanní: slogait nanní do uisciu dodaic, Ml. 123 d 3 . 96 b 5 . 96 b 13 . nech di fáithib some prophet Ml. 93 a 5 . co millit in neoch bís do moltaib accaind, Acall. 7677 .

(c) after a collective term or quantitative word (subst. or adj. abs.) or the name of anything having component parts. aicme a tribe : Siracusii .i. aicmae di Graecaib, Sg. 106 a 7 . ib. 34 b 2 . airge a drove; a herd, a troop: airgi do buaib, Acall. 7602 . a. do bochtaib, AFM p. 824 . banne a drop : banna bec de usci, Mon. Tall. 150. 36 , 37 (but banni dond lind LL 208 a 46 partitively). bec a little : a mbecc sin dogníu di maith, Wb. 24 a 12 . a bec ndo síd and, Ml. 51 a 5 . bec ṅdi dechur, 72 c 9 . gan a becc ná a mor do chomraind, Acall. 5474 . boimm a bit : b. do arán, Lism. L. 2734 . breth choice of: do breith fén dór ┐ dairget, Eg. 1782, 30 a 1 . do breth féin do iath ┐ do ferann, Ériu v 150 l. 71 . ib. l. 62 . crithir a spark : c. do chuimne, TSh. 11. 13 . cutrumae an equivalent : a cutrume si do súg this much juice Mon. Tall. 150. 40 . dia enough : d. do cheart, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 356. 1 . d. do phudhar, ib. 13 . do chin, 21 . drong a flock : drong dechaib, Acall. 6542 . d. da gach uile bethadhach, ZCP ii 270 § 205 . emid: emid di fiur so much of a man Sg. 66 a 6 . ere a burden : ere camaill de ór, PH 2011 . here do úir Rómae, BColm. 84. 9 . foróil super-abundance: f. dinaib anib, Wb. 16 c 22 . frass a shower : frass do nemannaib, BDD § 2 . Anecd. iii 50. 15 . gar: gar daimsir iarum a short while after PH 7199 . lán the full of: lán lainne a scéith di úir, RC iii 182. 6 . —Cf. XLIII. lín number : ara lín du chenélaib, Ml. 131 c 17 . lín do bochtaib, PH 6129 . loimm a sup: lom di midc, Mon. Tall. 136. 10 ; but lom nais, ib. 9 . lór sufficiency : ba lór do neim dó he had enough of venom Ériu iv 32. 2 . lór do chalmataid, ib. 28. 16 .—Cf. XLIII. méit quantity : méit di flescaib, Sg. 3 b 19 . cia méit...do biud, Thes. ii 335. 29 . cá mét do chloind, SG 250. 8 . méd do chinedaib...mét do degthoici, CCath. 275 . mór much : mór di maith, Wb. 11 a 20 . 4 d 10 . mór di genib, Thes. ii 322. 24 . a mmór de, Mon. Tall. 152. 22 . is mór do cheol dochualamar, Acall. 7212 . mór do tṡétaib ┐ dindmusaib, 5355 . ib. 7883 . Cf. mór nóir, mór nargait, Anecd. iii 55. 8 , the older expression. morán id.: m. do ṁíltib SG 9. 24 . ordu a morsel: dorat do Ísu ordu do bratán ḟonaithe, PH 6711 . ré space of time: re ré mor do bliadnaib, Acall. 5541. 7029 . riar as breth above: a réir do ṡétaib LU 133 a 40 . LL 375 b 38 . treimse id.: re treimse do bliadnaib, Acall. 5547 .

(d) after words denoting kind, sort, like, parallel, &c. a samail di ríg, SCC § 37. 8 . a samail di graig, 37. 6 . ní fuar do ṡét di márchlois, Liad. and Cuir. 16. 6 . MOD. ní ḟeaca riaṁ a ṡaṁailt sin do dhuine, W. K. a leithéid sin dechtrannaib, SG 260. 3 .

(e) after other substantives: ascaid de ór, PH 7057 . cró uimpi d'ḟeraibh, Ériu iv 112. 11 . fit mór de tuari anmín, Mon. Tall. 152. 18 . lóg di máinib inna nEgiptacde, Ml. 84 c 12 .

(f) frequent with comparatives denoting quantity: quod minus habuistis .i. di rath nó di forcitul, Wb. 18 a 8 . uilliu ...di fochaid, Ml. 54 b 30 . ní bia di mútaib bes huilliu, Sg. 7 a 1 . lugu di mirbuil, RC xxv 252 § 36 . lugu do chinaid, PH 5166 . móo do peccad, 5259 . ZCP viii 111. 9 . MOD. níos mó do ṁaith, &c.—After lia di occasionally has the sense of Abl. respectus: cipsa lia do randaib nocha lia do naeṁaib, Ériu iv 224. 2 . lia do maccaib na rígna do degamsaib, ib. 94. 1 .

(g) buan dolcc a lasting evil RC x 226 § 179 . cinnte do chendaigib certain merchants LB 115 a .

(h) after words like dabach, soithech and the like, di denotes the contents of the vessel: dá dabaigh décc do lionn maith, ZCP viii 116. 1 . baiglend do midh soóla a can of delicious mead Acall. 7421 .

D DI OF MEDIUM, CAUSE, MANNER, TIME & MEASURE in the senses of the original instrumental; in old texts the latter is occasionally still preserved: isé nobenfad a crand oenbémim di bun, LU 58 b 21 . iarna foebraib fennad, Fél. Prol. 48 .

XXXVII Di introduces the tool or instrument by means of which something is done, after trans. verbs denoting:

(a) to make or to do , dogní, conutaing: is do rinn scine doníther, Corm. Tr. 145 . in loech órda cumdaiged do lámaib, PH 2830 . in gái dia ndernais in gním namra, RC v 203 § 26 . don chaladcholg is dom gó díob dorignes in gleo, SG 252. 11 . dodhein teine de chipíní, Gadelica 88. 41 .

(b) to seize , gabaid: rogab din láim aile in seig, SG 391. 16 .

(c) to beat, strike, ply upon, scourge , and the like, benaid, buailid, dobeir builli, dounsi béim, gabaid, dofuairc, &c.: cote in rinnd dia ruba uitam omnis hominis, Wb. 13 d 25 . béim dind echḟleisc, SCC § 8 . dobennaissiu hé di ḟleisc, Trip. 224. 16 . dobeir M. béim do biail , RC xiii 30. 10 . dounsi Cuculainn béim da biail do, FB § 77 . dounsi C. béim din chlaidiub, ib. § 57 .— tuc buille dó do chrann na sleige, Acall. 6721. 6731 . don chonṡlaitt, PH 856 . gabaid goi...dorat buille de i toeb Ísu, 3358 . buille do laigin, 2874 . cét mboaille fort láim dé abaind, Mon. Tall. 142. 10 . bualad do chloidheaṁ, Ériu i 102 § 63 . búailset dia mbassaib, PH 117 . 2143 . do ṡlaitt, 135 .— doriacht fer co claideb...┐ dorat dara brágait don apstal de, 2151 .— co ngébad do chlaidim air féin, Acall. 7495 . rogab cách díb da claidmib a cend araile, 6261 . PH 3299 . — is díbside sraiglit, FA § 16 . — rotúaircset a nochta da ndornaibh, CCath. 1082 . túaircset do flescaib ┐ do sonnaib, PH 2143. 8313 .

(d) to cut, shear, clip , tescad, berrad, gerrad, selgad: arna dteasgad d'armaib an chatha, Ériu i 91 § 41 . is cumma imthescad dá sciath ┐ dá sleig ┐ dá chlaideb, LU 79 b 14 . deimes dia mberrtha, SG 411. 12 . gerraid sí... dia fiaclaib, PH 7661 . consealgad glasgég darach dia corrán, RC xxiv 196. 18 .

(e) to break, to injure : dobrisfinn thfiacla dom dorn, RC xix 144 § 120 . dobacaighedh mac Con la Coirpre don rindcne .i. do sleigh Ailella, RC xvii 11. 2 .

(f) to wound, to kill : gonaid, créchtnaigidir, ardíben, marbaid: cor ghonsat toeb na himagine de (sc. in gae) PH 142 . gaet do ṡleig Deirg, Acall. 1104. 1745 . in gai dia gcréchtnaigther, CCath. 3669 . ardibiba sluaga dia lúaignib, SG 254. 29 . d'iarann ní marbthar, Fen. 68 . Acall. 3236 . SG 391. 32 (di chloich). a nguin d'armaib límtha SG 42. 15 . Cf. marbhas d'urchar sleige í, ML 32. 13 ; Acall. 6947 . 6950 . 7065 .

(g) to throw, fling : doléici, dobeir urchor, foceirt, dobidc, &c.: dambidc Semei di chlochaib, Ml. 58 c 4 . rodíubraic rónurchair de (viz. lia cloiche), Acall. 4802 . dobered urchair di, Acall. 5797. 5810 . Oss. ii 2 . tolléci aurchor de, FB §§ 82 , 87 . focheird rout nurchair din liathróit, TBC-LL¹ 1024 . — Cf. for frestal a námat do clochaib, CCath. 1873 .

(h) to drive, drive away, expel : bruidni dia taircellad a eochu, Anecd. iii 51. 3 . bocṡlaitt dia nescartad conu PH 851 . dorigne sroigill...┐ rosindarb di na slóig, 4526 .

(i) to destroy : toghail in múir do reithibh toghla, CCath. 1883 .

(j) to bind : rochengail hé do línscoit, PH 2916 .

(k) to write : in chathach roscríb dia láim féin, Fen. 167 . scríbtha do láim, PH 4769 . gur thoit eite cuige conadh de sin roscríbh in leabhar, SG 23. 21 .

(l) to shut : dúnaid comlaid a thaige de baccánaib íarnaide, RC vii 296 l. 116 .

(m) isé doratt tí dia bachaill he made a circle with his staff BColm. 52. 23 .

XXXVIII With a wider application introducing the means or instrumentality; transl. the Lat. inruptione (abl.), gl. di maidm, Ml. 85 c 6 . ceilid conceals : náchar étir le do cheilt do bréthir ná do gním ná do chomartha, RC xix 166. 3 . buadrid disturbs : búaidrim port parrghais do neim an imarbais, Ériu iv 114. 12 . buadertha in táth dia chacc LU 74 a 24 . dogní makes, does : mina déna maith díb... mina déna toil Dé díb (sc. na hindmasa) PH 4110 . lessaigid aids, heals : in lín do bochtaib conicfatís do lessugud do indmusaib, PH 6129 . lassaid illuminates : isiatt so na lóchranna da lasfatt Laighin, ZCP viii 110. 16 . insorchaigid id.: roionsorchaigh iarthur Eórpa do ṡoillsi soalach, ZCP v 496. 6 . loscaid burns : mo loscud do chrithrib, TFerbe 610 . loscud do thenid, PH 7428 . conutaing adorns : conrotacht in grianán sin do imdénmaib sainamraib, FB § 3 . conrottacht in timdorn féssin dór, TTr. 1548 . bethugad support oneself by: a b. dá allus féin with his own sweat SG 41. 28 . broenaid: dia rath ronbróina Brigit may B. let her grace rain on us Thes. ii 326. 6 .—Not uncommon in Figura Etymologica: mad ferr cotobsechfider di chosscc alailiu, Wb. 9 a 23 .—Like Lat. per introducing the intermediate agent: is dítsa tarras sin uile through thee Acall. 5986 . teora mná torrcha di hUltaib do mnáib na nDéisi, Ériu iii 141. 219 . di chumachtu by means of, by the power of: cia tír ass asam lat do thabairt dúinne dit chumachta, ZCP viii 318. 34 . cia clérech dá fil muilenn cerr do ch. a mírbuile, BColm. 102. 23 . di chomairgi through the protection of: terno do chomairci an naeim each ríg Lifi, BColm. 90. 10 . de and desin thereby, by means of that, deside id., desen, Thes. ii 335. 37 , see PH 629 b .

XXXIX After verbs of vanquishing, gaining victory, triumphing, excelling, &c., di introduces the domain within which victory is gained: aonlaoch bérus barr ormsa do rith ná do chomrac ná do chorraigecht, SG 290. 12 .

XL After the intrans. verbs dotuit and docer, di introduces the tool or weapon; the agent is usually introduced by la. craet dofæth don gai seo a maccu. dofaeth rí din gai sin, RC iii 178. 22 . dofaethsat din gai roléici, 180. 39 . ib. 38 . dofaoth Fraoch darmaib Eochaid, ML 124. 12 . dona harmaib sin, Acall. 7029 . 6885 (di ṡleig).—dorochair de (viz. din gai) RC iii 129. 31 . Also followed by béim, lám and the like: gur thuit N. do béimeannuib ṁic Mórna ML 18. 25 . dofaeth in corp den snaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . co torchair do bíc (= bidc) aenuaire, BB 49 a 23 . tuitfid dá láim, ML 58. 1 . di láim M. docer Daire, LL 48 b 25 . MacCarthy 192. 4 .

XLI After verbs of buying di introduces the price: manisdeirclimmis di thorud ár láam, Wb. 26 b 16 . dorúaicled do lóg ḟola Críst, PH 3242 . oenfiach adrenar nde, Anecd. iii 22. 21 . ceinnechut sa fín lógmar díb, LB 139 a 51 . rochennaigset don argut sin ferann, PH 3235 . dochennaig sé ┐ nách dór nó dargat acht dia ḟuil féin ┐ dia ḟeoil, 7513 .

XLII In the construction of arbeir biuth he uses, consumes , competing with the genitive: airbert biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10 d 14 . as di sunt arbeir biuth, Ml. 60 b 11 . intan airbir bith in scriptúir do deismirecht asna salmaib, Ir. Ps. 128 .

XLIII After verbs, substantives, and adjectives of filling, satiating, smearing and the like, where di has taken the place of the original instr. or gen. línaid: ronlín di rath in spirto, Wb. 20 d 11 . líntar lán di fín, 11 b 13 . a llínad di atrub ┐ dóinib, Ml. 133 c 11 . CCath. 1920 (forlínaid). cor lín in grian da soillsi in doman, Acall. 5442 . líntar lestar de, PH 6362 . ib. 2507 . líonta dairc, TSh. 38 . 14 . líon mála de ghainiṁ na trágha, Gadelica 88. 26 . lán: inna mmaige robtar lána di Assaraib, Ml. 40 b 7 . ib. 36 b 3 . 40 b 7 . 104 d 3 . Sg. 59 b 18 . it bois láin di uisciu, Thes. ii 249. 10 . ib. 320. 26 . ScM. § 1 . FB § 67 . ba llán in tír di suigibh, Anecd. iii 49. 9 . at lána dímsa, PH 3405 . ib. 2016 . 2113 . 7177 . Subst. loingṡithel ┐ a lán duisci inti, Acall. 7149 ; cf. XXXVI (c). foslig smears : lase foruillechta béoil in chalich di mil, Wb. 7 d 9 . foselgatar a bráthir a tunig som do fuil, Tur. 128 . focertar i nim ┐ fuslegar de imman delg, Thes. ii 248. 7 . sáithech satiated, satisfied , sásaid satiates : ba sáthech in cú de, Hy. v 28 . beit sáithig de na braineoin, Lec. 440 b 9 . na hindmassa doratait dúinn...do sásad bocht díb, PH 6122 . lour: lór di chath, SCC § 36 . PH p. 787 a ; cf. XXXVI (c). riar supplying wants: a muinntir do riar don ṁin cheadna, TSh. 137. 10 . Cf. also frisailethar serves, attends : rofreslad co maith do cach ní, Acall. 6845 .

XLIV DI OF MANNER—the sense of means passing into that of attendant circumstances. The old instr. is occasionally preserved: dotaet bidc, FDG 37 (YBL). atchuadatar briathraib bíthib, SR 5814 . —doghabhasdair aga ccaoineadh do chneadhaibh ┐ d'éighṁibh ┐ d'osnadhaibh ML 108. 14 . gabuis in rígmílid uirri do brathbuillib móraibsecha co torchair leis, SG 251. 4 f.b. laibheoraidh an cluigín do ghuth ṡolusbhinn, ib. 2. 33 . dolabhair do briathraibh gruama, 12. 23 . adubairt Serlus do briathraib imcainte, RC xix 18 § 6 . adubairt do guth mór, ib. 18 § 4 . adubhairt d'ḟoclaibh dána, Midnight court 61 . rolabhuir an colam fris do glór dhaona, Ériu iv 53. 31 . raluidin se de marcaib I used to ride on steeds Ériu i 72. 20 . dothuit ar talaṁ do tháimnéll báis she fell to the ground in a dead faint RC xix 162 § 151 (ambiguous). di léimim with a leap: dotiag dia léimim inna carptib, LU 63 b 5 . TBC-LL¹ 738 Y. téid san uaṁaigh do léim, Ériu i 30. 239 . di bidc id.: dotaed do bheidhg asin imdaig, FDG 37 B.K. (dotœd bidg YBL). In a similar way arose a great number of standing phrases, cf. di chois, dech, di ḟorcraid, doenguth, doenbreith, doeninntinn.

XLV DI OF CAUSE, REASON OR MOTIVE—This sense was developed partly from the sense of `means' and partly from that of starting-point or origin (XXII above). Cf. such a phrase as: is de tháinic a thiugbás originated from i.e. was caused by Acall. 2584 .

(a) from, by, in consequence of, according to, in various usages: si enim mente excedimus, Deo, gl. .i. caritate .i. di imradud Dæ, Wb. 15 d 7 . Ml. 99 a 9 . Sg. 50 a 3 . di chor cruinn dacer dul issa muir de ligno sortis in mare missus Tur. 131 . cia adbar dia cess in bith, SR 7866 . ropo liath in mag sin dia ninchinnib, RC iii 177. 33 . ba brecc do imdornchoraib na claideb, Ériu iv 26. 26 . corbo chlárḟind...don tṡnechtu, TBC-LL¹ 1706 . ní bia blicht ac buar ...don bás hísin in consequence of ZCP viii 111. 23 . ní bí acht trí duirn in cach duine díb ┐ is bláith inócclach iat da méte féin according to their size (Stokes) ZCP ii 260 § 186 . fordorchae soillsi in lae don tṡaighnén (means and cause at the same time), CCath. 373 . de therefore, for that reason, consequently : Thes. i 5. 29 . ii 253. 8 . is de tra doforgill som, Mon. Tall. 140. 17 ; 144. 25 . is de forácaib Fiacha Connla ina tír, ZCP viii 314. 16 . betis colla de can chend, Ériu i 130. 39 . RC xii 88§97 . ZCP viii 115. 4 . Denoting consequence: torchis Eocho do chinn a chéli co mbreth Colla de, ZCP viii 319. 29 . bia torrach uaimsea ┐ béra mac de, BDD §7 .—Often in poetry in a vague sense, esp. at the end of a line to suit the metre. Frequent after comparatives corresponding to Lat. eo, Goth. þe, Eng. the; v. 5 de. desin id. bái imchosnum ┐ tnúth mór eter B. ┐ F. desin, RC xxiv 180. 10 . dochuaid doigh éada a nAoife dhesin, OCL 6. 7 . is demin desin conid náma Dé intí ná cretend, PH 2264 . coná fétait desin na popuil fognam, 4233 , 568 . &c., v. PH p. 629 b . TSh. 20. 22 . deside id.: conid córa deside marb do rád frisin pecthach, PH 4811 . diṡuidiu, disuidi, didiu, v. didiu. dindí for that, because, since , cf. airindí: dindí nád rochoilset ind Assair tempul, Ml. 48 d 28 . inde est quod...i. dindí as nansae ┐ as línmar a cenél sin condaarthróithad Dia, 104 a 6 . itaque .i. dindí atacomla, Sg. 161 b 10 . ib. 197 a 15 , 16 , syn. with fobíth. cid dia n- why , cf. cid ara n-, cid frissa n-; may contain either di or do according to the verb that follows. cid dia léicid cundubairt for drécht úaib..., Wb. 13 b 12 . cid dia nepir som aní sin, 19 d 11 . is súaichnid cid dia ndechuith, 16 c 7 . cid dia téige uann RC x 66. 10 . cid dia rotdíchlis ḟormsa, LL 289 b 33 , cf. SG 61. 38 ; but Ml. 35 b 24 (ind fochuinn dia ragbhtha .i. dia sóirad) contains di in the sense of ` of, about, concerning .' aní dia fil the cause of: inní da fuil a marbad, Fianaig. 56. 19 , v. XXVII (b).

(b) in the construction of several verbs, subst., and adjectives, denoting:

(α) to die of, to be sick with: atbail, atbath, caillter, téit éc, is marb, galrach and the like. atbail: mani eple de, Sg. 181 a 5 . dafuabair galar...atbail de, SCC § 4 . in dig tonnaid dia nerbalt, LMU 17. 32 . co nerbailt do bidg oenúaire, LL 25 a 39 . atbélam di ḟuacht ┐ gortai, MacCarthy 62. 8 f.b. de galar olc, ib. 158. 8 . atbath: conid de atbathatar, Thes. ii 298. 18 . dend áine sin, Mon. Tall. 156. 5 . dia guin, RC xxiv 184. 15 . do mallchríne, MacCarthy 144. 2 . do thám thrait, ib. 142 st 3 . do galar, BColm. 106. 4 . conbeba dot breith, LL 147 a 6 . caillter: ní caillfear den ocras tu, Gadelica 90. 37 . éc: éc a máthar dia breith ZCP viii 303. 31 . dochóid N. éc de thám, MacCarthy 146. 3 . a éag do chuṁaid a ṁná, Ériu i 24 l. 115 . tatham: rothathaiṁ C. do bheadhg aonúaire, AFM 308. 4 f.b. marb: marb in ben dot breith, LL 147 a . do bidc oenúaire, SR 7170 . de thám, MacCarthy 150. 15 . do galar, ZCP viii 120. 4 . do dásacht, TFrag. 164. 2 . do chumaid a mná, RC xiii 11. 7 . de, PH 3844 . The opposite is beo de, Wb. 10 b 27 . galar: amal as már a galar de, Ml. 40 b 9 .

(β) to reprimand for, take vengeance for: is cúrsagad rondcúrsagusa di chomitecht, Wb. 19 a 6 . oc toibeim for Laegairi don badbscél, FB § 70 . cairigid: cairigius a menma Ailill don gním sin, TE § 6 LU. Competing with imm. díglaid: coro díglum ár nancride fair do neoch forodámar ara dáig, PH 2219 , v. XXXIII (i).

(γ) to beat one for sth.: céd mbémenda fort láma...da cach uabar dogensat, Ériu i 201. 6 .

(δ) to do penance for: issí a pennit de, Wb. 26 b 20 . du aithrigi dia pecthaib, Thes. ii 253. 6 . ní hécen aithrigi disuidiu, Mon. Tall. 142. 2 . co ṅdénsat aithrigi don chul doronsat PH 993 . aithrige don ulc roimraid, 5134 . ib. 1208 .

(ε) to complain of: fodord dóib di dommatu, Ml. 97 d 10 . murmurare de inopia .i. din dommataid, 97 d 11 . de male potentibus querela, gl. denaib míchumachtgib, 29 a 9 .

(ζ) to be or become angry for: rofergaiged Ailill de, LL 27 b 1 . rofergaigestar fri Patraic do marbud in druad, Anecd. iii 36 . iarna dechrad d'íttaid, LL 75 b 25 . gabaid feirg desin, PH 981 . ib. 855 . Competing with imm.

(η) to be proud of, to boast of: rosgab huall dí imbud a soinmiche, Ml. 57 c 13 . connách gabad huall de, Ml. 69 a 17 . is deidbir móidem di suidib, Wb. 17 d 19 (a rare construction). is diumdach Gúaire díot, SG 53. 13 .

(θ) to be envious or jealous of: nongaib format friu dia sóinmichi, Ml. 43 a 14 . nád robae étugud Dæ desom, 32 d 10 .

(ι) to be thankful for: attlugud boide do Dia dibar nícc, Wb. 27 c 2 . di cach maith, 27 a 7 . dia sóirad, Ml. 117 b 7 .gratus...de præstitis, gl. dinaib remfoiridib, Ml. 72 c 3 . gratus...de recentibus præstitis, gl. dinaib remfoiredib nuib .i. dinaib degnímaib, 75 a 12 . budig desen, Thes. ii 343. 32 . dín bat budig brain, LU 119 a 33 . buidech dib, ACL iii 6. 1 . Midnight court 898 . diambtis budig d'oenbairgin, Ériu i 132. 72 . SG 19. 6 ; 54. 32 (bud buide Guaire díot). BB 498 a 15 (di toirtib in talmun).

(κ) sad, mournful, tired, weary and the opposite: arnápat toirsich dim chuimregaib se, Wb. 26 d 21 . 27 a 34 . toirsich de, Trip. 84. 19 . brónach: is de ní beth brónaig, Fél. Prol. 188 . b. de díth a coiceli, ZCP iii 248 § 63 . desin, PH 911 . doguilse: d. di neuch adbaill ┐ di neuch nád etar ┐ di neuch bís la nech, Wb. 16 b 11 . co cáined in doman do bás Mártain amal noḟáiltniged dia bethaid, RC ii 400 § 38 . de quibus oportuerat me gaudere .i. díibsi, Wb. 14 d 9 .

(λ) thirst from: bátar i nítaid...dend ḟulacht they were athirst from the cooked food RC xxiv 196. 11 .

(μ) intoxicated : atbertis conid for mesca do nua fína robátar na hapstail, PH 5394 .

(ν) weak from: súili tláithi do déraib, Ériu i 138. 6 .

(ξ) Here also arcessi commiserates, has compassion on (orig. is sorry for): air arrocheis side di bochtai cháich, Ml. 61 a 9 . airchissis de, LU 78 a 15 . roairchis dind Críst, Snedg. u. Mac R 9. 9 . dib, 11. 17 . dííb, PH 4961 . dimm, 1301 . dínn 2204 . 4412 . airchis co luath díomsa, SG 393. 2 . Occasionally also do: a. daib (3 pl.) PH 1009 . arcessi do neoch, Wb. 4 c 19 .—Cf. airchissech di cech duine, Rawl. 40 a . menma airchisechtach di cach duine, 3 B 23, 27 a 1 .

XLVI DI OF MEASURE WITH COMPARATIVES corresponding to Oir. i n-: dob áirdi do dhá throigh Admirandus A. was taller by two feet RC xix 368 § 235 . as má Mars do bheagán ná oiread go leith na talman paulo maior Gadelica ii 106. 5 . For -de after comparatives v. XLV (a).

XLVII DI IN THE SENSE OF GEN. or ABL. QUALIT.: in corp do rogili ┐ in folt do roáilli ┐ in agaid do chumtachta ┐ in tṡúil do roglaissi, ZCP iv 40. 13 sq. issiat ubla is millsi amuigh do chubra innsi Áduim of the fragrance of Adam's Isle Ériu iv 114. 4 .

XLVIII (Possibly a subdivision of XXVIII) DI is the preposition in idiomatic impersonal phrases of the type: attá d'ḟebas na síne the weather is good: is fossad do chéim glan glé cia beith d'ḟeabus na síne, TE § 9. 6 Eg. má beth tra do húaite ind aessa gráid lasna tuatha cia beit trí hecailsi for cubus cech ḟir gráid, Ériu i 220 § 13 . má beth tra do úaisle ind ḟ.r gráid ┐ a airmidin dofórmagar a dligid, ib. § 15 . Here also Ériu iv 142 § 19 : cia bar lín se...ní fil ém diar núaiti we are not few; and PH 3964 : bói dia óite in inbaid he was a young man at that time.

XLIX DI OF TIME: for, during : do thríb cethorchaib aidchi ammain for usciu ┐ bargin, Mon. Tall. 136. 7 . di lau: luid tria hecosc a ṡenathar do Themuir di lau sobais on a prosperous day ZCP viii 311. 18 . do ló in ḟuigill on the day of judgment FA § 6 LB. di lau is d'adaig by day and night: do ló ná d'áidchi, Acall. 6118 . do ló ┐ d'aiche, Lib. Flav. ii 25 a 2. 22 . pl. do láib is d'aidchib, Ériu iv 106. 14 . d'adaig at night , q.v. disin unde, hinc, exinde, proinde, v. XXXI. di chéin from afar , v. XXXI. di chianaib, ib.

L DI FORMING ADVERBS from adjectives. Cf. Lat. de improviso, de novo, de integro, de cetero, de subito (Plaut., Lucilius), Lat. de repente (Plaut.). di léir diligently : guidid Dia di léir, Ml. 68 a 15 . geib do mámb do léir (v.l. co lléir), ACL iii 313. 2 . robói Fergus féin isin gliaid sin ┐ atát a scéla do léir aige, ib. 5. 7 . di glé clearly, openly : ní éicsem huile do glé cid fri saegul sechtmaine, Rawl. 88 b 26 . di gnáth usually, always : is grema duit nách é Tadhg do choṁarsa garcc do gnáth, ZCP viii 223 st 23 . do ghnáth. Miscell. Celt. Soc. 380. 12 . AFM 2256. 3 . As to do gréss cf. LI. di biuc a little, di mór much : dia nellad do bicc' nó mór ón ḟuigell ḟírén, PH 4140 . do biuc ZCP viii 217. 17 . do lomm, Midnight court 391 . Cf. XXXV above. do ṡír always = co sír, TSh. 5. 5 ; 12. 25 ; 21. 26 . dḟan sé a bhfochair a athar do ṡíor, TSh. tearcól do ṡ. aca, ib.; ised bís mo smacht do ṡír, Hib. Min. 82.12 . v. sír. Here also dano, if it is from di nuu = Lat. de novo, denuo. Cf. also dáirithe.

LI PHRASES, belonging to E in various senses.

di ág, dág, dáig, dágain, dáigin; dég, d'ḟech, d'éigin for the sake of, because of: dígal...dég ár pectha, Ml. 88 a 4 . d'fech, Ardm. 17 b 1 . bid dibar nág si ronbia ni corona, Wb. 25 a 3 . di ág mná .i. di ág Medba, ZCP viii 305. 20 . di ág aige Aingine, RC x 224. 166 . v. dáig, &c.

d'áis with the consent of, of free will : go mbendaís an tiarla as d'áis no d'éiccen until they should rescue the Earl by consent or violence AFM vi 2172. 25 . tré chloinn Eogain 'sní dá nais but not with their consent R.I.A. 23 G 24 p. 250 .

di breith, do b. according to the judgment : do b. rechta PH 2810 . do b. a anmcharat, ib. 7615 . See breth.

di bríg because of: de bhrígh nách bhfuil spioraid Chríost aca, De Imit. 1. 16 . do bhrígh ó bheith na pheacthach dhó, TSh. 62. 1 . dá bhrígh sin for that reason, TSh. and mod.

do chet with the permission of, opp. cen chet: adubhairt nách geabhdaois suirghe ón dias sin oile acht do chead a nathar, ML 12. 25 . do chead Dé, SG 16. 35 . do ched a nathar, AFM v 1686. 24 .

di chiunn, do chiunn away , after a verb of motion: intan tét a laithe di chiunn, Ml. 21 c 3 . for the sake of, on behalf of, &c. de chind, LU 82 b 18 .

di choiss on foot : is dia chois a mbúi, Hib. Min. 70. 15 . immathéged cách dia chuis, LU 40 a 12 . dariachtatar na noecharptig...┐ in triar de choiss maroen riu...┐ nira luathiu na noecharptig anda in triar de choiss, LL 101 b 32 = TBC-LL¹ 5876 . do choiss, BB 487 b 5 . ib. 7 a 34 . conadh airi sin nách togluasinn laech do ch. ná dheoch, ZCP i 394. 13 . Cf. di thraig below.

di chumaid from sorrow LL 11 a 29 . 23 a 50 , b 38 . SR 6923 . See XLV (b α).

di dáig because of. See dáig.

di deoin by the will of: atbath rí de deoin Dé, LL 133 a 22 . dia deoin of his own accord LL 16 b 7 . PH 2361 sq. dia nd., LL 193 a 46 . dom d., Fianaig. 62. 12 . ZCP viii 223. 30 . v. 1 deóin, aindeóin.

d'écin by force : d'áis nó d'éiccen, v. dáis supra.

d'eoch on horseback : do chois nó dh'eoch, ZCP i 394. 13 . Synonym for eoch, TFrag. 204. 15 .

dom dóig on my own account : doscríbus sin dom doig Mon. Tall. 154. 26 .

di druimm by means of, in virtue of, on the score of: de dh. dinntleachta, De Imit. 4. 1 . do dh. chennaig, AFM vi 2076. 5 . na ccreach, ib. v 1338. 4 f.b. de dhruim díchill ┐ díoghraise, TSh. 225. 3 (N.E.). Often only a strengthened di, v. druim(m).

di eclai for fear : d'eagla go ndiongnadh biataigh dhíobh ML 118. 17 . ná hinnis aní bu mian leat do dénam d'egla muna, &c., Ériu iv 126 § 4 .

d'ḟebas on account of the goodness or excellence of: tét do saigid Chuipit dia febus a ṡeirce sium ó gentib, Aen. 384 . d'feabas a delba, FDG 458 . tabair di siud iad d'febas. a huirchill, SG 297. 6 .

d'ḟech v. di ág supra.

d'ḟeirc in anger : dodechad...d'ḟeirg riut dot romad TBC-LL¹ 3421 .

dia ḟír in truth LL 192 a 36 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 49. 39 ).

di ḟochonn in consequence of: di ḟ. a ferge a ttothfund for fairge, Todd Nenn. 132. 51 .

di ḟorcraid, di imḟorcraid, d'imarcraid abundantly, extra, in excess : atá leusom di forcrid a ndudesta airibsi, Wb. 14 a 33 . conná ternó ní dona .u. gaiscedaib déc nobítís di imforcraid hi tegluch Chonchobair, LU 61 a 13 f.b. ; cf. PH p. 758 a , and see immarcraid, immḟorcraid, immarcaid.

d'ḟorniurt through the oppression or tyranny of: fearg oirne ┐ air d'ḟoirnirt indluig, Ériu iv 212. 20 .

di gním nó di bréithir in word or deed : má dotuc easanóir do g. na do b. do nech acu, RC xix 28 § 22 .

do gréss continually, semper : origin of do obscure, v. 2 grés.

di inchaib, do i., d'inchaib ( LL 147 b 16 ) for the honour of, under the protection of, &c. tair lind dí giall di i. Connacht, LU 69 b 2 (cf. Laws v 308. 19 : fíach gill di inchaib). de i., FB § 13 . dit i., LU 66 b 38 . roléiccead ass d'ionchaibh a chomairgedh, AFM 1072. 14 . See 1 enech, ainech.

do láthair, de l. in presence of, before (both after verbs of motion and of rest) contains original do.

di léimim v. XLIV.

di marcaib v. XLIV.

di memur, do mebair by rote, by heart : gabáil ind tsailm de memur, Mon. Tall. 142. 24 . dobhí dḟebus a ṁebra gach a cluinedh tiar is tair dobíodh aige do mebair, SG 108. 7 . gan aonḟocal do ṁebair, ib. 280. 1 . atá in scriptúir do mebair lais, PH 2185 . ib. 4178 .

di glanmemur, do ghlanṁeabhair id. conách bi ní da gcluineadh gan a bheith do ghlainmeabhrae aige, MR 282. 11 (Stowe, not in YBL). dá mbeidheadh an bíobla go léir de ghlanṁeaṁair agat, De Imit. 2. 4 . ib. 112. 4 .

dia mess féin according to his own opinion Each. Iol. 25. 14 .

di miscais from hatred : dia m. ara máthair, Ériu iv 102. 6 .

di muin, glossed de chommairgi: robí (.i. romarb) Aed di muin Chormaic in ríg , Rawl. 122 a = LL 314 a 27 .

di muir by sea : ac indrudh Muman do muir ┐ do thír RC xviii 49. 24 . in comdortad darónsat a námait do muir ┐ do thír fair, CCath. 2675 . cach olc do muir is do thír tige fri Temrach, BColm. 102. 10 .

do nós ever : do n. mar is cóir dóib, Hy Fiach. 459. 1 ; ib. 458. 35 . ar thagid do n., KMMisc. 264. 13 .

d'oenaicned of one mind : d'aentáib ┐ d'aenláim ┐ d'aenaigned da bar ninnsaigid, MR 194. 14 .

d'oenbreith at one birth : doenbreith ructha Olom ┐ Conrí ZCP viii 332. 2 .

d'oenintinn of one mind, intent : dias dot sluagaib do beith da aeninntinn, RC xix 26 § 19 .

d'oenláim. See d'oenaicned.

d'oenméin with one accord : dorinneadar uile d'aoinṁéin, TSh.

d'oentóib together (after verbs of motion as well as of rest): is d'oentaib bátar ind fir se hi cend Ulad, SCC § 22 . do chuadar cum an catha dh'aentaeibh, Caithr. CC 25 .

d'oentoisc with special aim, deliberately, exclusively LL 90 b 25 . Laws iii 422. 5 ; v 336. 19 , 20 . TSh. 160. 2 ; 215. 16 ; v. toisc.

d'oenuaim of one report, all together , v. Dinneen 36 a .

d'oenurchor, v. XXXVII (f).

di ráith, do r., .i. ar son for the sake of O'C. is di r. dee dobeir dígail fort, Wb. 6 a 14 ; v. ráith.

do réir ( dit réir, ACL iii 313. 2 ) according to contains original do, v. 1 do.

di rogain, di rogu, with beirid = takes as a choice, chooses : ruc in mac ba sine a indmus do rogain, LB 158 b 6 . AFM 1640. 8 . Proverbs 22. 1 . a breith do (v.l. de) roghain TSh. 56. 25 .

di ṡeirc for love : cum benignitas apparuit saluatoris nostri .i. is do seirc móir dodechuid airitiu colno do Chríst, Wb. 31 d 2 . asbert...cid dia mbói fochond a galair. atá dit seirc seo ol Ailill, TE § 10 LU (belongs under XLV a). is dia ṡeirc conairlither a thol it is through love of Him that His will is cared for Ériu i 195. 2 .

diṡuidiu = didiu, q.v.

di thír by land . See di muir.

di thoisc, do thoisc on account of, owing to: ag caoineadh a amaráin féin do thoisg an trír chéadna, TSh. 60. 7 . gach saoth da dtig orra is do th. an ubhaill úd táinig, 92. 15 . bás...da ṡíol do th. a anuṁla sin, 93. 1 f.b. do th. an adhalt rannais, 151. 18 , &c. Tor. Dh. Oss. p. 194 .

di thraig on foot , cf. di choiss: doluid aṅgel Dé dia thraig ar chinn Baláim, SR 4785 .

d'urmór for the greater part: dochuartaighsiod fearann Chonaire ┐ dochreachsat durmór é, ML 22. 19 .

E DI OF THE SUBJECT-MATTER OF THOUGHT, FEELING OR ACTION : of, concerning, with regard to, in reference to, corresp. to Lat. de.—For the sense-development compare: is becc pridchimmeni di rúnaib Dée, Wb. 12 c 6 . atfét dún ní dona mórgaibfi rogaifis, Anecd. iii 53. 26 . co ninnisi tú ní dot madgnímradaib, &c.

LII

(a) In elliptical or incomplete sentences: de collectis autem quae fiunt in sanctos, .i. dinab gabálib, Wb. 13 d 33 . uaniloqui...maxime qui de circumcisione sunt, gl. de Iudeib ón that is of the Jews, 31 b 15 . mire sane uariauit hos uersus .i. cachla fers and di adhuath...in fers aile dí húaisletu, Ml. 40c16 . du gnímaib aní tuas du persannaib anísiu sís, 117 c 6 . ib. 89 d 12 . 102 d 9 . in finem .i. di laithiu brátha, 40 a 19 . Transl. Lat. de: Sg. 2 a 10 (donaib). 2 b 1 (dinaib). With the copula: is do (seldom di) is of, about : ní dond imdibu colnidiu lessom inso he is not here speaking of &c., Wb. 10 a 14 . is do diuchtrad corporum ┐ do chotlud corporum , 25 c 12 . náich do imdibu colnidu aní thuas, 10 a 15 . is do dóinacht maicc cachla focull ┐ dia deacht a naill, Ml. 24 d 30 . is dind oipred, 67 c 18 .—ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe both as to the bread and, &c. Mon. Tall. 151. 25 . issed as chóir laisim...de bithbúr praindea, ib. 146. 28 . isí comairli is cóir dhe, ZCP viii 114. 8 . ni ba edh de thuathaib Dea it was not so with RC xii 92 § 122 .

(b) in subject-headings, titles of tales, chapters , &c. after Latin model: Cato de agna pascenda, gl. din dínit bed ṡástai, Sg. 39 b 11 . Nonio Marcello de doctorum indagine .i. dind eclim, 17 a 6 . De Chophur in da Muccide, LL 246 a 15 . de gabáil in tṡída inso sís, 245 b 12 f.b. do fallsigud Tána Bó Cúalṅge, 245 b 1 . de rígaib Muman inso, 320 a 15 . do Monur (leg. monur) epscop sunna, ACL iii 313. 1 ; 316. 15 , ZCP x 378 . do fedmannaib anmcharat...so, 318. 11 . de chórus cána in domnaich budesta, Anecd. iii 21. 1 . agso síos do ríoghaibh Éireann, Keat. iii 2. 1 .—Often at the end of a tale when the title is repeated.

(c) in the construction of many verbs, such as—

(α) speak, tell, preach, mention and the like. Lat. loqui, dicere, narrare de. Referring to Lat. dicere: cum dicit de osoribus suis .i. di náimtib, Ml. 16 d 5 . de suscepto homine dicta .i. di dóinacht Críst són, 17 a 11 . Sg. 3 b 27 . 66 a 6 . Lat. tractare: de speciebus...supra tractauimus, gl. di delbaib, Sg. 61 a 1 . praefari, Ml. 61 a 35 , 36 . sermo esse, 26 b 5 . inserere de, 75 b 20 , cf. 26 b 20 . After adfét, asindet, aisndís; di: a nadfiadar di Críst, Wb. 27 a 10 . ib. 5 c 16 (di thuiste dúile). innahi adfiadam di Christ, Ml. 93 d 14 . aisndis di duiniu, 131 a 12 . intan adcóidemmar di comparit, Sg. 43 a 6 . Ml. 65 a 1 . 115 d 9 . Cf. Sg. 103 a 1 . Tur. 40 . din (-nd, -nt), Ml. 14 d 10 . 40 b 8 . dinaib, 40 c 18 . de, 122 a 2 . Sg. 18 a 1 . 59 b 7 . diib, Ml. 145 c 7 , 8 . di, 42 b 7 . dia (n-), 40 b 8 . 54 a 20 . Sg. 197 a 6 . taidbsin dia nécid remaind, PH 6689 . do: aisndís du forgairib Dæ, Ml. 66 c 3 . ib. 14 b 12 . 14 d 3 . 24 d 30 . 42 b 18 . 110 c 5 . 125 a 11 . 126 b 1 . 137 d 2 .—do may be original in the sense `ascribe to' ( Ml. 72 d 9 ). asbeir di: amal bid di muir atberad, Ml. 62 c 2 . ib. 37 a 14 . dind, 21 c 3 . dinaib, Wb. 5 a 4 . dínni: ní don daum storidiu acht is dínni preceptórib ar is díin asrobrad a ndede so, 10 d 8 . diib, Sg. 29 b 16 . 73 b 8 . 203 b 6 . di 3 sg. f., Wb. 15 d 20 . Ml. 145 c 3 . dia n-, Wb. 13 c 12 . 21 d 4 . Ml. 14 d 13 . Sg. 66 b 10 . 71 a 17 . 208 a 7 . diar n-, Wb. 17 c 23 . is de atberthe in sírite de, SCC § 17 . cid arnapair in tapstal spirtalda díb, RC xxv 244 §§ 20 - 23 . issed asbered som de suidiu, Mon. Tall. 142. 19 . de bithúr, 136. 31 . PH p. 630 a . do: Ml. 26 a 8 . 45 a 9 . 51 d 25 . 133 a 10 . don, dund: asberar corp don dlúim máir sin, Wb. 9 d 5 . Ml. 17 b 23 . 37 b 19 . donaib, 37 b 24 . issed asbert do bithfúr, Mon. Tall. 134. 21 .—In the sense `ascribes to' do may be original ( Wb. 4 b 3 . 9 d 5 . Ml. 110 d 16 ). atá briathar: ní díib attáa briathar less it is not of them he speaks Wb. 13 a 16 . intí dia robe briathar linn, Sg. 197 b 12 . PH 2725 . 3148 . 4600 . 6189 . 6501 . 6698 . 6791 . cestnaigidir asks, inquires : cestnaigther do forcraid na foltni, RC xxv 240 § 12 . foraithmet mention of: f. ṅde, Ml. 61 b 12 . dia mbi f. riam, Sg. 197 b 18 . coná raibi acht mad f. bec di (viz. the Táin) in Érinn, ACL iii 4. 15 . gairthir di is called : goirther coin in diabuil díb, PH 7703 . Sabecdai do gairm díb, 6969 . Longínus goirther dím, 694 . dogairther di id.: conid de dogarar díndi Féne ó Fénius, Ériu iv 140. 23 . RC xxiv 184. 7 . BColm. 58. 3 . labraithir Lat. `loquitur': ní labrathar di féisne, Sg. 199 b 6 . de se loqui, gl. cétna persan di féisin, 199 b 10 . quando de ratione...loquimur, gl. de chaldigud, 181 a 9 . pridchid: is becc pridchimme ni di rúnaib Dé, Wb. 12 c 6 . rolá di: ní du choscrad in tempail rala som, Tur. 80 . ráidid: Góidil do rád dib, Thes. ii 316. 24 ; 317. 33 .

(β) sing of, write of. Lat. canere, scribere de. canaid: is di laithiu sabbait rocét in salm so, Ml. 57 d 13 . ib. 48 b 11 . 85 b 11 (referring to Lat. cecinit). Thes. ii 252. 14 . conid díbsin rochéad in seanchaid, RC xxiv 182. 15 . PH p. 630 a . gaibid: di: di thuasulgud in popuil...rogabad in salm so, Ml. 116 c 2 . ib. 16 a 10 . 35 a 8 . 35 a 10 . 44 b 1 . 48 d 27 . 133 b 1 . 139 a 8 , 10 , 11 . din, 44 b 1 . 48 d 28 . 112 c 11 . de, 16 a 10 . 24 d 26 . 44 b 1 . 48 d 27 , 28 . dia (n-), 35 b 24 . 44 b 1 . dimsa, 17 b 18 . díb, 35 a 8 . do: is de rogabad in salm so do dechur etir deacht ┐ dóinacht maicc, 24 d 26 . 24 d 29 . 45 d 7 . 133 b 2 . 139 a 6 , 9 . Referring to Lat. scríbere, Wb. 25 b 7 .

(γ) prophesy, prefigure; testify . do-airchain: is díimsa tairrchet, Wb. 7 a 2 . ib. 15 a 34 . 26 d 9 . desom, Ml. 38 c 9 . di thetacht in spirto...profetauit, Tur. 170 b 2 . amal roterchan in fáith de, PH 5115 . fiugraid: an rofiugrad di Críst, Wb. 15 a 34 . fáitsine: dia mbói oc fáitsine dia mac, PH 3436 . dobeir forcell: is de dobiur f. di neurt inna deserce, Wb. 16 c 4 . ib. 25 d 20 , 21 (díibsi), 25 d 20 . Ml. 22 d 19 . 24 d 14 . a forcell forrogelsam ni di laithiu brátho, Wb. 25 d 20 . dobeir teist (testas): do thabirt testassa dínn, Wb. 15 a 3 . ib. 15 a 6 . 15 d 8 a . 18 a 3 . 23 a 23 . 24 c 16 . 25 a 18 . 28 b 6 . 28 c 4 . 34 a 3 .

(δ) instruct, teach . Lat. docere de: do munud a dalti di cach gním, Wb. 24 d 10 .

(ε) discuss, dissertate . Lat. disserere, disputare de: etarcert di dúlib, Wb. 27 a 10 . di phecthib, 29 c 10.

(ζ) blaspheme : du écnduch di Dia, Ml. 72 b 5 (hardly for `do'; usually with gen. `écndach Dé').

(η) hear, think, remember, forget . Lat. audire, cognoscere, sentire de. cluinithir: issed rochualai Maolrúain la sruthi di dérgu ind tíri, Mon. Tall. 133. 19 . Cf. magna a patribus de tuis factis audiuimus .i. di neuch durigni siu du adamru, Ml. 63 c 5 . domoinethar: cáintoimtiu diib, Wb. 23 a 22 . náro taithmen Ísu do forcraid na foltne did not think of RC xxv 242. 16 . Referring to Lat. sentire, Ml. 15 b 4 . accipi de, ib. 17 d 11 . coná raibi acht mad cuimne di (viz. the Táin) i nÉrinn, ACL iii 4. 15 . cuimnigidir is mindful of: ní de fat na foltni .i. dia forcraid acht dia nárim nammá cumniges Ísu isin tṡoscélu, RC xxv 240 § 12 . ár ndermat ni diar sóirad, Ml. 96 a 13 .

(θ) care for, provide for, be confident about, fear for: dethiden: dethiden díbsi, Wb. 14 d 13 . dissi, 28 d 22 . diibsi, 26 d 19 . d. dinaib bochtaib, Ml. 129 c 3 . Cf. cia dethitiu i faili siu don bargin út, Ériu i 134. 3 . Later also with for. A cpd. with di (*di-aith-fedan). remcaisiu, remdéicsiu providence ; remidéci provides for: nád rabae r.-déicsiu Dé dimso, Ml. 59 a 48 . desom, 91 a 21 . díib, 90 b 17 . dia dúlib, 20 b 2 . remcaissiu Dé diib, 90 b 19 . 90 c 9 . diib som, 122 d 7 . dinni, 91 b 10 . dinaib dúlib, 20 c 3 . de, 50 d 1 .— nadmbed dliged remdéicsen Dé du dóinib sech remideci Dia dunaib anmandib amlabrib, 55 d 25 . essamnae: de protectione tua...fiducia, gl. ní núae dúnni ind esamnae so dit dítin siu this confidence concerning thy protection Ml. 110 d 12 . Cf. XXXII above.

(ι) uisio quae de obscuratione solis facta est, .i. din temul, Ml. 16 c 7 .

(κ) de Homine intelligendum est .i. di dóinacht maicc is immaircide, Ml. 25 d 17 . is din gním...is i. .i. du chésad Chríst, Ml. 113 d 3 . do of the person, Wb. 12 b 26 .

do-esc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-esc or dil.ie/17584

 

Forms: doneiscend, doesister, tescaid, tescad, tescthar

v (* to-in-(-ess-?)sc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 612 ). Deut. forms very doubtful. ? Indic. pres. 3 s. doneiscend, YBL 58a41 . s-subj. pass. doesister, O'Dav. 787 . Otherwise always as simple verb tescaid. Vn. tescad. IGT Verbs § 80 .

(a) cuts, severs: selais mu genum (.i. tescaid mu chlaideb), IT i 163 . turesc . . . .i. tairis tescas cach ni, Corm. Y 1244 . ningeib rind, nin-tesc faebor, TBC-LL¹ 3209 = ni thesc, TBC-I¹ 2390 . nistescfad foebur no iarn, MacCarthy 62 . no thesctaís rotha íarnaide na carpat fréma na ralach, MU² 271 . nomthescfat roith iarnaide in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 1340 . tescaid a chliab ingne tenedh in chait, Anecd. i 57 . rostesc oenḟer . . . de bulli chrichid chlaidib, TBC-LL¹ 733 . rothescc hi i ndib rannu, PH 7240 . ra lettair Lóch mo dā lon, | romtesc in tṡōdh garb glasrod, TBC-LL¹ 2366 . biail . . . nothescbad finna fri gāith, FB § 91 . co ntescfad finna i n-aigid srotha, TBC-I¹ 1918 . tesctar a folt, Fél. 50 (Jan. 20) = tescthar, Fél.² xxxviii . notesctha a folt ┐ a ingne cecha dardain chaplaite, clxxi (Nov. 24) . da nambeth-sa mo chlaideb . . . ratescfaitis lim-sa braigte fer, TBC-LL¹ 5946 . Transf. of dividing territory, etc.: a flaith . . . rotescadh doris iartain . . . eter cethrur coema fir, Lec. 45b42 . Cuts off, lops off: doneiscend Fraech a chend don míl, YBL 58a41 ( TBFr. 18 = comben, LL). tescthar de a lám, RC x 68 . tescbaither a thenga, PH 1117 . tescaid in clérech a lúdain de, Fél. 70 ( Fél. Feb. 8 ). do chlaideb féin . . . tescfas dít do chend, Metr. Dinds. iii 154 . gur theasg a cheann dá cholainn, IT ii2 142 . rotescair a finnfad ┐ a heteda dí, RC v 199 . rothescsat a leth-iscait ndeiss foei, PH 553 . cloidheamh an bháis . . . lé dteasgthar an t-anam dá chorp, TSh. 7813 . tocaibset in cend . . . amal bid hi in uair sin rotescthai, PH 924 . nothescatis barru na crand, 4620 . co rotescadh a bos deas de, AU 1019 . Cuts down, fells: cor loisc Inis E. ┐ cor thesc a haballgort, RC xviii 185 . masa fedha rotescad and, Laws iii 148 Comm. Tailtiu car thescad in chaill, LL 137a22 ( RC xlvii 292.7 ) = gar tescad, Lec. 395b31 . tesc na tilcha cut down the hill-tops, TBC-LL¹ 6017 . na mórṡlébe andaig | ro tesctha co rinnaib, Fél. Prol. 238 . Transf. of rending, taking away: teasgfad as láimh do mhic é (sc. an ríoghacht = de manu filii tui scindam illud, 2 Kings xi 12 ), Eochairsg. 53 .

(b) Transf. cuts off, destroys, slays: tescais coica[i]t fer n-armach, ZCP iii 43 . rotescad Pol la Neir Cessair, Rawl. 75b37 . Madudhan o'n turc rotraethadh, | roteascadh in torc, ba dír, BB 53b27 . rotesccait óicc áille ann, AFM ii 902 . an lucht . . . lér teasgadh ár bprionnsa, O'Gr. Cat. 30 . is truagh sin a luaithe do teascadh mac na Carrthaighe, Ó Bruad. ii 250 . rotesctha milidh rig isind amus sin, BB 206b42 . roteasgda milidh in rig, Todd Nenn. 58 .

Note also: brithem Cuind Cetchathaig. robo mór immad a innmais. rotescat (.i. rotreicset) a muinter ┐ foracabsat deserted (?), Rawl. 112b46 .

2 do-nessa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 do-nessa or dil.ie/18195

 

Forms: tuin(n)sid, tuinsem

v (* to-ness-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 584 ) tramples on, crushes: drumcla eich . . . cuma lē cip crua dosnessa, couma lē cip srīan cotagaib, ZCP viii 103.z . ní trummu do[n]essa in n-usce oldás ela, LU 5140 (TBC. See ZCP x 200 ). Usually as simple vb. tuin(n)sid: conhuairgidis ┐ contuinsidis curpo a cheili, TTebe 980 . Cf. rothuindsnit ochta na n-ánrad, 951 . cenco tuinsitis cen tair | na tairb ocond imfhorrain, Rawl. 156b27 . fortacrith in n-irind imtrén tromthuinset, FB § 53 (cf. imm-tuinsea?). rothunsetar Bretnu amal gort abbaig (= quasi maturam segetem B. calcant), Anecd. iii 66.28 . rostuindsetar Tragdai fo nirt-brig a chumachta the T. were crushed down beneath his sway, Alex. 74 . asbert in ben arnátuinsed nech díib a tír that none of them should tread upon his land, Imr. Brain § 63 . Note also (back-formation): dounsi C. béim din claidiub na cend deals a blow of the sword, FB § 57 . dounsi C. béim da biáil féin do, § 77 . diunsi (dorat, v.l.) béim di cloidhemh dó, RC xxi 322 . Vn. tuinsem.

do-tét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-tét or dil.ie/18490
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: taet, táet, taet, toet, táit, táit, dothéig, dotét, dotet, dutét, dothét, totét, tothét, dothéit, tothéit, totheit, do-théid, dotháet, dothaet, dothaed, totaét, tothaet, totaet, dotoet, dothoet, tothóet, dotaot, dotháod, do-n-aot, toaeth, dothaéti, doteiti, táet, taet, frisa-taet, tait, thaét, thaed, taét, dutiagat, tuthegot, dothiagat, doíagat-side, doíagat, dothaégat, tótháegat, dotiagat, rathaegat, ro-(ra-)thoegat, toegat, tuidchet, dadigthet, dothéged, dotheged, dotéiged, dotheiged, dotheided, dutéigtis, doteigtis, totegtis, dotheigdis, tāigtis, dotias, dotéis, dotes, totais, totaisiu, dothéi, doté, tái, tae, thaisid, dothaiset, taessat, dotaesad, totessed, taised, taesad, dothaistis, tocus-sa, thuidchis, thúdchaiss, tuidchis, do-d-decha, dodecha, dodadecha, dodeocha, tudaich, dodechsat, dodichset, dodigset, dodigsid, tuidchiset, ndigesta, dodichsed, tui[d]chesmais, do-n-dichsitis, doreg, to-rrach, torach, do-nd-riga, dorriga, dorega, terga, tirga, duregam, tergam-ni, d-a-regaid, tergaid, doregat, durigat, thergainn, -terced, doraga, doragha, targa, targai, targa, doragut, toragat, targaitt, targtha, doragad, dorachad, thargad, ttargadh, targtais, tairgtis, dolud-sa, dolod, dolot, doluid, dolluid, tolduid, dulluid, duluith, doluide, doluidi, dolluide, túlaid, tuluid, tulaid, contuilid, contuilid, tolid, tolaid, luid, dulodmar, dolodbair, dullotar, dolotar, doloddur, tollotar, dolotatar, tolotatar, tultatar, taltadar, dalotsam, dolluidset, dodechad, dodecad, dodechod-sa, tuidched, tuithched-sa, dodechad, tudchad-so, tuthcho, dodechuid, dodechaid, dodeachaid, dodeachaig, thuidchid, thuithchid, thudchid, tudc[h]ith, tauthchaid, thadhchaid, do-n-dechommar, dudechummar, dodechamar, dodechobair, tudchaibair, tuchubuir, du-n-dechutar, dodechadar, con-tuthchatar, ttudhchatar, tudhchator, dodeochad, dodeochad-sa, dodeochaid, dodeochabair, dodeochatar, s-, do-dechadus, dodeochadas-sa, dodheochadus, dotiagar, dutiagar, dotíagar, duthiasar, dothiastar, doraghtur, dodechas, cosa-tuidches, taetadh, dotaetadar, dotaetsatt, dotoetsat, thaethsadar, taetsat, theichseadar, dodechad, do-deachad, tisad, thudchadh, tudchad, tudchais, tudhchaidset, targus-[s]a, targa, dargamar, targa, doragad, dodloutar, dolotur-sa, dolluthir, tuidechta, tuidecht, do-tét, doluid, dodechaid, deisiul, túathbiul, taet, dotiagar

v (* to-tiag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 645 . See also Ériu xii 227 ff .). Ipv. 2 s. taet, SR 5991 . 3 s. táet, TBC-I¹ 1339 LU; FB § 31 . taet, Thes. ii 359.4 . toet, BNnÉ 94 § 207 . táit, TBC-LL¹ 95 . 2 pl. táit, Ml. 34a1 ; Wb. 25c14 ; FB § 5 ; Imr. Brain ii 285.11 (toet, v.l.).

Indic. pres. 2 s. dothéig, TBC-I¹ 39 LU; Ériu i 116 § 4 . 3 s. dotét, Sg. 108a3 . dotet, 158a3 ; Ml. 22d9 , 53a8 ; TBC-I¹ 1040 YBL. dutét, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.13 ); Ml. 22b1 . dothét (rel.), 46a7 . totét, Thes. ii 251.7 , 9 ; Fianaig. 38.4 . tothét, TBC-I¹ 1021 LU. dothéit, 311 LU. tothéit, BDD § 71 . totheit, TBC-I¹ 719 LU. do-théid, 576 . dotháet, BDD § 73 , 126 (common form in TBC2 LU). dothaet, SR 5963 . dothaed, TBC-I¹ 2359 . totaét, 1006 , 1245 (both LU); TE § 13 LU. tothaet, TBC-I¹ 1040 , 1248 , 1285 (all LU); BDD § 62 . totaet, Anecd. iv xi 16 . dotoet, Gild. Lor. 2 . dothoet, TBC-I¹ 289 , 531 , etc. (common form in YBL). tothóet, FB § 53 . dotaot, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes, 26.8 , cf. AFM iii 326.9 . dotháod, Mon. Tall. 127.15 (forms with diphth. áe, óe due to influence of prototonic forms; cf. also do-n-aot, Hugh Roe 300.11 . toaeth, Lib. Flav. i 26vb15 ). Rel. (in imitation of téite) dothaéti, TBC-I¹ 1577 LU = doteiti, YBL. ní táet , Sg. 159a3 . ní taet , 197a4 ; Thes. ii 253.7 . frisa-taet, Sg. 213a10 . ní tait , Ml. 109d5 . ní thaét , TBC-I¹ 208 LU = thaed, YBL. airm i taét , TBC-LL¹ 1583 . 3 pl. dutiagat, Ml. 45d12 , 103b16 , 111c9 . tuthegot (rel.), Cambr. 38b ( Thes. ii 247.17 ). dothiagat, FB § 53 . doíagat-side (dothiagadside, v.l. ), LU 4964 ( TBC-I² 532 , see note). doíagat ... do Cholptu (dothiagad, v.l.), LU 5380 ( TBC-I² 1017 ). dothaégat, FB § 20 ; BDD § 153 ; TBC-I¹ 198 LU. tótháegat, IT i 138.10 LU = dotiagat, Eg. Note also: rathaegat, TBC-LL¹ 5097 . ro-(ra-)thoegat, 4926 , 5120 . toegat, RC xii 424 § 7 .

Perfective pres. 3 s. ní tuidchet (sic leg.), AU 783 . o dadigthet , ZCP iii 454 n. 27 (v.l.).

Impf. 3 s. dothéged (rel.), TE 9 LU; Imr. Brain § 61 . dotheged, TBC-I¹ 165 LU. dotéiged, TE 11 LU. dotheiged, TBC-I¹ 2937 . dotheided, Ériu iii 142.229 . 3 pl. dutéigtis, Ml. 108b1 . doteigtis, Corm. Y 1233 = totegtis (?), LL 179b8 . dotheigdis, TBC-I¹ 3428 . co tāigtis , Ériu ii 100 § 4 .

Subj.

(a) Pres. 1 s. dotias, Wb. 1a7 . 2 s. dotéis, TBC-I¹ 1301 LU. dotes, Ériu viii 122.14 . totais, ZCP xiii 256.11 . totaisiu, TE 11 LU. 3 s. dothéi, Wb. 13a12 . doté, Ériu vii 241.8 . nád tái , Sg. 26b7 . ni tae , YBL 92b1 . 2 pl. ceni thaisid , Ml. 33b15 . 3 pl. dothaiset, FB § 87 . co taessat , LU 6785 ; BDD § 31 . Impf. 3 s. dotaesad, TBC-I¹ 2877 . totessed, LU 7133 ( BDD § 81 ). co taised , Ml. 121b1 ; TBC-I¹ 2909 . taesad, BB 378b17 . 3 pl. dothaistis, LU 6962 ( BDD § 60 ).

(b) Pres. 1 s. ? ni tocus-sa . RC xii 78.10 . 2 s. ní thuidchis , BDD § 16 = thúdchaiss, Eg. dia tuidchis , YBL 130a44 ( Anecd. i 8 ). 3 s. do-d-decha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.), Hy. v 81 ( Thes. ii 346 ). dodeocha, Ériu viii 122.17 . ar na tudaich , LU 9536 . 3 pl. dodechsat, O'Dav. 627 . dodichset, ZCP xiii 23.24 . dodigset, Fél. Ep. 24 . dodigsid, Laws iv 126.z Comm. dia tuidchiset , BDD § 131 (tuidchet, LU). Impf. 2 s. co ndigesta , Trip.² 276 . 3 s. dodichsed, Sg. 18a4 . -tudchissed, , Anecd. iii 58.2 . 1 pl. con tui[d]chesmais , Ml. 93b5 . 3 pl. resiu do-n-dichsitis , 104c5 .

Fut. 1 s. doreg, Wb. 7d15 ; SR 1279 . ? to-rrach, TBC-I¹ 1624 (torach, LU). 3 s. do-nd-riga, Wb. 25a38 . dorriga, 25b28 . dorega, Ml. 28a10 ; SR 3343 . ní terga , Wb. 17c4 ; TBC-I¹ 1241 . ni tirga , Ml. 121a17 . 1 pl. duregam, 80d10 . ni tergam-ni , 107d11 . 2 pl. d-a-regaid, Ml. 33b15 . ní tergaid , Trip.² 2150 . 3 pl. doregat, Ml. 61a13 , 111c14 . durigat, 106a4 . Condit. 1 s. ní thergainn , Trip.² 1200 . 3 s. ? -terced, Anecd. ii 18.17 . In later lang. with stem dorag-, targ-. 3 s. doraga, TBC-I¹ 2422 , Trip. 60.2 , etc. doragha, ZCP xiii 167.5 . targa, SR 3631 . ni targai (leg. targa?), AU 886 , cf. SR 4498 . 3 pl. doragut, PH 7054 . toragat, Moling § 50 . ? na targaitt , Leb. Gab.(i) 254 . Condit. 2 s. ni targtha , TBC-LL¹ 1803 , cf. 1883 . 3 s. doragad, FB § 8 . dorachad, Marco P. 142 . nī thargad , TBC-I¹ 336 = LU 4827 . co ttargadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 8.25 . 3 pl. na targtais , SR 6775 . ni tairgtis , ZCP viii 110.2 .

Pret. 1 s. dolud-sa, LU 1840 . 2 s. dolod, LU 10244 ( dolluidi-siu, 10241 ). dolot, TE § 5 Eg. ZCP iii 233 . 3 s. doluid, Tur. 131 , cf. Ml. 55c1 . SR freq. also dolluid. tolduid (= tolluid), Mon. Tall. § 67 . dulluid, Ardm. 18b1 . duluith, Thes. ii 291 . Rel. doluide, ZCP iv 45.23 . doluidi, xiii 6.18 . dolluide, Imr. Brain § 64 . co túlaid , Trip.² 706 . a tuluid , 895 . co tulaid , TBC-I¹ 3665 . ? contuilid, 2772 . ni contuilid , Mon. Tall. § 61 . nico tolid , § 60 . co tolaid , Anecd. i 10 . Cf. ua luid , BB 208a50 ( Todd Nenn. 182 ). 1 pl. dulodmar (dolotamar, v.l.), Imr. Brain i 48.6 . 2 pl. dolodbair, LU 1599 . 3 pl. dullotar, Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 240.17 , 24 ). dolotar (doll-), TBC-I¹ , CRR . doloddur, Mon. Tall. § 7 . tollotar, Ériu iii 136.32 . dolotatar, TBC-I¹ 2736 . tolotatar, RC xiii 223.50 . con tultatar , Ardm. 18b1 ( Thes. ii 240 ); Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ); Mon. Tall. § 60 . ni taltadar , Lec. 285a12 . Also occas. with s-forms: 1 pl. dalotsam, RC xiv 62 § 77 . 3 pl. dolluidset, Metr. Dinds. iii 156.9

Perf. 1 s. dodechad, TBC-I¹ 1611 , 1593 . dodecad, SR 1817 . dodechod-sa, Trip. 106.9 ; TBC-I¹ 2118 YBL. dia tuidched , Wb. 10a28 . i tuithched-sa , SG 317.16 . 2 s. dodechad, SR 3094 . dia tudchad-so , TBC-I¹ 458 YBL. canas tuthcho , RC x 224 § 15 . 3 s. dodechuid, Ml. 16c5 , 44b6 , 126b10 ; Sg. 199b1 . dodechaid, Imr. Brain ii 292.1 ; SR 1302 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 1241 YBL. dodeachaid, 3373 . dodeachaig, YBL 174a28 . ní thuidchid , LL 275b9 . ní thuithchid , 19a15 . ní thudchid , RC viii 150 § 2 (LL). conna tudc[h]ith , TBC-I¹ 1445 LU. ní tauthchaid , 1605 ; BDD § 66 (th.). ua thadhchaid , BB 39a31 , cf. Metr. Dinds. ii 34.94 . 1 pl. do-n-dechommar, Wb. 24c17 . dudechummar, Ml. 111b4 . dodechamar, SR 7965 . 2 pl. dodechobair, Trip.² 1114 . dia tudchaibair , FB § 66 . dia tuchubuir , IT iii 239.123 . 3 pl. du-n-dechutar, Ml. 111c14 . dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3196 , 3362 . con-tuthchatar, LL 1790 . co ttudhchatar , AFM ii 692.4 . tudhchator (rel.), Leb. Gab.(i) 218 . Common with ¤eo- in first syll.: 1 s. dodeochad, SR 3097 . dodeochad-sa, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . 3 s. dodeochaid, SR 4170 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 3476 ; BDD §§ 156 , 157 , 166 . 2 pl. dodeochabair, Rawl. 142b8 . 3 pl. dodeochatar, SR 5450 , etc.; TBC-I¹ 153 LU; BDD § 83 . With s- ending: do-dechadus, Ériu i 134.7 . dodeochadas-sa, SG 256.25 . dodheochadus, BNnÉ 302 § 10 .

Pass. pres. s. dotiagar, Wb. 6a29 ; Thes. ii 292.19 . dutiagar, Ml. 101c6 , 7 , 116b5 . dotíagar, Trip.² 2313 . Subj. s. duthiasar. TBC-I¹ 1136 . dothiastar, Ériu vii 6.35 . Fut. doraghtur, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.27 . Perf. dodechas, Imr. Brain i 41.3 . cosa-tuidches, Sg. 199b1 .

In later lang. a number of new (artificial?) forms based on the various old stems appear.

(a) Ipv. 3 s. taetadh, Ériu i 114 § 1 . Pret. 3 pl. dotaetadar, Lib. Flav. i 26va49 . ? ma as dotaetsatt , Laws v 138.15 . dotoetsat na lega co Tadg, SG 326.3 . cor thaethsadar (taetsat, theichseadar, v.l.) rompo ina tor, Todd Nenn. 46 .

(b) Subj. impf. 3 s. amail dodechad , Fianaig. 66.13 . mar do do-deachad (sic), Lib. Flav. i 34ra2 = amal tisad , PH 844 . do thudchadh , Leb. Gab.(i) 72.17 . co tudchad , SG 233.35 . Pret. 2 s. ima tudchais , SG 256.19 . 3 pl. tudhchaidset, Leb. Gab.(i) 26.12 .

(c) Subj. pres. 1 s. co targus-[s]a , PH 624 . 3 s. no go targa , Lib. Flav. i 37ra44 . Pret. tara dargamar romhuinn, 35vb25 . Cf. also: ca tír as a targa hast thou (has it?) come, MR 72.10 . doragad used to come (go), Corm. Y 323 .

(d) Subj. pres. 1 s. cissi conair dodloutar (dolotur-sa, v.l.), Toch. Em. § 67 ( ZCP iii 250 ). Cf. also dolluthir (perh. pass.), LL 285a23 .

Vbl. of necess. tuidechta. Vn. tuidecht. IGT Verbs § 8 .

(a) comes , of motion towards the speaker, or person or place thought of. In Lat. Lives nearly always corresponds to venire; cf. Auraic. 141 : venite .i. tait (taoit, 2429 YBL). In later Mid.Ir. superseded by do-icc, which replaces it in later versions of early texts (e.g. TBC-LL¹ 95 , 1583 , 2706 St.), and somet. glosses it: dodeachaid .i. tainic, ACL iii 14 , 18 (gl. on Trip. 44 , 58 ). tudhchaid .i. tainicc; tudhchadar .i. tangadar, O'Cl. In earlier lang. used freq. in opposiion to 1 téit, and oft. in sense comes back, returns: intan tét a laithe . . . dotét iarum imthanu aidche, Ml. 21c3 . téit in banchorr isin fairrgi . . . co tóet cona heisínib essi, Triads 237 . can dodechad? cid notheig?, SR 3094 . can dodechamar ille . . .? cia dú cosatiagam de?, 7965 . i ndecimbir . . . luid Noe for tonnaib dilenn, i quint kalainn Mai . . . doluid for sleib Armenia, 2616 . forrogellsat . . . noragtis i tír nEgept, co brath na targtais dia tig, 6775 . is cet cia thái, cet cia théis, ZCP iii 37.18 . regat a leth día tuitched (tuithced, MS.), Ériu i 116 . cech leth naragdais, ni tairgtais demna, ZCP viii 110 . co lotar for beolu Mileadaig ┐ ní tudcadur iarsuidiu, Lec. 206a38 . tait as, taeit ind (said by doorkeeper to those who enter and leave), Corm. Y 860 . taet neach uaib ar mo chend-sa, TBC-I¹ 2140 . dutéigtis cucum intan nombíinn hi sóinmigi, Ml. 108b1 . in spirut nóeb chucunn . . . taet . . . co hopunn, Thes. ii 359 . nach fer doteiti chucaib, TBC-I¹ 1577 . táit limsa dom dísiurt, Imr. Brain ii 285 . cid formna fer nErend dothaistís latt, rosbíad failte, BDD § 60 . dolotar ar ceand loingse mac Milead . . . ni taltadar mnā leo, Lec. 285a12 ( Todd Nenn. lxxi ). forofāccaib Dia lind co ndig(s)esta-su do praicept do Gōidiulaib, Anecd. iii 31 = co tista-su, Trip. 444 . in tan doraga [Críst] do mess for beou ┐ marbu, PH 5011 . isbert, bá do chuingi Étáine doluidh, ZCP v 524 . roboi i[c] coitsecht frisin forcetul co tolaidh a máthair for a iarair, Lat. Lives 37 = Trip. 66 ( co toluid. túlaid, Trip.² 706 ). a tuluid Patraic for muir . . . do ascnam Erend, dotaet escop M. ina diaid, Trip.² 896 . tairpthech do ndechuid hastily had he come, 1515 . is bladach dodechadar, TBC-I¹ 3362 . is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, 3196 . is mor . . . a luas dothet, RC iii 183 . ní tergam-ni isin bethaid frecndairc iterum we shall not come back, Ml. 107d11 . resiu dondichsitis as in dōiri, 104c5 . doluid in biail arithissi ar chenn in[na] samthige, Tur. 131 . Cf. adbert A. frisna techtaire tudecht dia tich to return home, Mon. Tall. 162. In: ni terga for culu, Wb. 17c14 ; and: ná tait for culu, 25c14 , the idea of returning may account for use of do-tét. Of things: dothaegat lasrai teined asa mbēlaibh, Ériu ii 130 . co táet fuil flann fonn fo étnu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . ní thoet guth in son let not voice enter thy speech (of silent prayer), RC xv 491 , cf. Thes. ii 253.7 ( Stowe M. 65a ). creit do Dia . . . ar na tudaich tond talman torut, LU 9536 . ni thaudchaid nél dar gréin, BDD § 66 . doragha duit ceó dar a rosgcaib, BColm. 92 . Of time: ō doraga aimser lobtha, Laws i 108 Comm. immon samfuin dothaet next Hallowe'en, RC x 220 § 8 . oidqi hSamnoi dotaet, 224 . in ráithe dothét foir .i. samrad the season following, ZCP viii 175 .

(b) Fig. of mental and abstract relations: ní tait Dia fo tairṅgere cometh not under a promise (i.e. goes back on?), Ml. 109d5 . dotiagat for cairddi `they come under the interterritorial regulations', Laws iv 322 . cēn roba beō, ni tauthchaid a brū for cōir his stomach never came right, TBC-I¹ 1605 . ní berat fír brithemnachta etir in n-áis dutiagat inna reir who submit themselves to them, Ml. 103b16 . ní ba cor cia dodichset nadhmann ┐ ratha inn should enter into it, ZCP viii 23 . dollotar i n-armgrith fell into a panic, TBC-I¹ 1784 . comhainm in laithe dodeachaidh a seilbh na hespogōide came into possession of, Fl. Earls 100 . fobíth aurthig na nóeb dodeochaid etorro the covenant . . . which had passed between them, ZCP viii 316 . ní thargom tar a n-ordugud, Ériu iv 152 . With adj. as complement: saor ó a dteangthaibh ní tharghais you will not come off unscathed, Content. vii 9 .

(c) comes, ensues, takes place; appears, arises (of persons, consequences, events): sona dotaet a loan happiness comes out of fat, Ériu vii 240 . dothet imbas iar mbuais inspiration comes after (follows) knowledge of the art, Corm. Y 148 . a ndomnach doraga in brāth, Ériu iii 144 . ní ḟeadadar-sain cuin doraghadh an diliu, BB 22a32 . is é ní dia targha in sīth suthain, Aen. 2756 . tudcatar airdheana aighthidhe adhuathmhara, AFM i 370 . ? Felix ba mad tuluid, Fél. July 12 . ni targa a tir Maine ōglach bud fearr, ZCP viii 229 . is é doragha re ré | macámh Mhuighi Muirtheimhne who will come in his (due) time, xiii 167 . ní tháinic i nÉrinn . . . ┐ ni tharga . . . díoghail amhlaidh, AFM ii 734 . gabsat sé ríg . . . for hErind ó Ollom ain . . . ní thuithchid nech eturru six kings reigned in unbroken succession, LL 2361 . rige duit . . . ┐ dot sil it degaid | cen tudecht etrut without any other line breaking thy succession (`without quarrelling'), RC xx 142 .

(d) Various uses with prepp. With AR is (goes) surety for: dodeochaid aurthach Bréndain ar Chiarraigiu, ZCP viii 315 . doté(i)t aitire ar fer feras in fuil an `a.'goes surety for, Críth G. 52 . hits upon, contrives: dús cinnas doragad ar imchossáit Ulad, FB § 8 . cinnas doragad ar imchossait na mban, § 16 . amal doragad airi, § 17 . With AS comes off, escapes: conná tudchith nech dib i mbethaid ass, TBC-I¹ 1445 . With DE comes from, arises or develops out of: dotoet torcc mór do orccan, Trip. 468 . ní thaét mo dingbailse dib-so they are not (will not prove) my match, TBC-LL¹ 1123 . anda lim . . . dorraga ní don macsin something will come of that lad, Mon. Tall. § 61 . dothoet oinmit de-seom he is proving himself a fool, Ériu v 28.y . delb in Chruimm d'ór dodechaid was made of gold, Imr. Brain ii 303 . With DO comes to, accrues to: amal dundechutar doinmecha dúnni . . . doregat dano soinmecha dun, Ml. 111c14 . indmas domuin dotrega thou shalt have, SR 3343 . ní taurga ndam báa nde, Anecd. i 42 . dodheachaidh maith dhamhsa dhe, BS 6 . With FOR touches on, mentions: is form féin doreg, Wb. 7d15 . ní for torbe n-imdibi doteit, 2a3 . for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotét híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair, 26b7 . dothiasar fair ma atchoise neach duib it will be a subject of conversation if anyone tells (leg. atchói or atchoised?) it to you (?), TBC-I¹ 1136 . comes or falls on, happens to (in good or bad sense): tolduid taurtaim fair a trance fell upon him, Mon. Tall. § 67 . dorega pain forru . . . .i. doberthar pian forru, Ml. 28a10 . co tudchid rath De fair, Ériu v 34 . doraga ferg Dé fort mullach, Trip. 60 = it m., Trip.² 617 . fonascair fair can tudecht forsin slog not to attack, TBC-I¹ 1477 . Cf. ni mait[h]em n-anacail ┐ ni trocaire rodechad (rodécad, v.l.) forra no mercy was shown to them, CCath. 5767 . do-thæt ind enlaith deiginach fair 'the last flock takes it up', TBith.² 193 § 73 . With FRI goes with, applies to, is incident to: fri `finxit' fochetoir dotet á `singulatim' the `singulatim' is construed with `finxit', Ml. 53a8 . ni taét comsuidigud fri rangabáil composition does not occur with a participle, Sg. 159a3 , cf. 158a3 , 4 , 197a4 , 213a10 . cisse comairce dotaot frim? what is my safeguard? Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 . ata naidm dogní gnim raithe; naidm son dothe fri giallu, ZCP xiii 24 . Cf. don fechemuin fris-taig the party against whom thou art guarantor (?), Bürgschaft 28 § 76 (cf. fris-tēt, 24 § 67 ; leg. ¤taít with v.l.?). Opposes: ri side as amram tic Erind co tudchaid fri Ruadhan, YBL 136a18 . ní tuidecht frit' forngaire, SR 3798 . ? Cf. Laws iv 32 Comm. : can ēlod do lēcod im a cáindliged .i. apaid nā troisci ce dodechaid fris `though he was fairly met (by an offer of arbitration)'. turns to, takes up, practises (with RE): dalluid Find ra héicsi n-aird, Fianaig. 46 . ar dūthchus a māthar dodhechaidh sidhe re héiccsi (of the poet Fland mac Lonáin), ZCP viii 110 .

(e) Oft. used of indef. motion and in Mid. Ir. freq. in meaning goes (motion from place or pers. thought of); this is esp. common in later texts with the pret. forms doluid and dodechaid, do- being looked on as sign of past tense: tait-si round ┐ ragsa far ndiaid go on and I will follow, TBC-I¹ 992 . táet nech uan d' ḟarcsi maige M., 5144 . cia doragad risin tectairect sin? who would go on that message? CRR 8 . ind deichmaid uathaid escai . . . doluid Nae andsan airc . . . et i sechtmaid fichit sa mis cetna . . . dodeachaid aiste, Lec. 542b25 . conā feis cia dū dodechaid whither she had gone, Mór M. 262 . dodheachaidh G. do sheilg . . . ┐ ba sí conair dochuaidh, BS 44 . Often with REME, etc. goes on, advances: dothaod roimhi ina rēim roretha, BS 4 . doluidh roime ar amus a thíre, 122 .

(f) Rarely trans.: occas. with cogn. or instrum. accus.: a ndorigne do ḟertaib ni fail dune doddecha (dodecha, dodadecha, MSS.) there is none who can tell (lit. come to, attain it), Hy. v 81 (with gloss .i. doene a tiachtain; see note Thes. 80 ). Cf. also: ceni thaisid ar ois, daregaid ar ecin, Ml. 33b15 (with infd. neut. pron.). is tailc donddechadar isin telaich, TBC-I¹ 3196 . issnib colnidib tuthegot duguthrigi (leg. dagathrigi) who come to good repentance, Cambr. 38b . tothaet meis fóaimsera `judgment goes with good times', BDD § 28 (but cf. O'Cl. : dothaod meas fó aimsera .i. téid an breitheamhnas ris an aimsear). ni thargai (leg. targa?) Temru turu . . . fer fo Mael to Tara's towers there will not come, AU 836 = ní targa i tTeamhraigh tura, AFM i 536 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `a day for every parcel of land to which it comes' (of water), Ériu xvii 70 § 10 ( Laws iv 214 ). dodeochad-sa (dodechas, dodeochusae, MSS.) aiccept I have come to a lesson, Ériu v 32 . din tuidecht dundechuid Crist hi tech inna sacard the coming wherewith C. came, Ml. 44b1 . cach conair dolluid in ben, Metr. Dinds. iii 30 . ní tharga in chonair chōir, RC xi 42 . dodeochaid huide fata, SR 5697 . dodeochatár a cétna n-ude (sic leg.) a Cruachnaib, TBC-I¹ 153 . dodechotar sel mór, ZCP ix 191 . targa fortacht De for tóir will come to your succour, SR 3631 . In the follg. the orig. form of the noun may be d s. deisiul, túathbiul: ní thuidchis deaseal Temrach, BDD § 16 . dothē desell in brogo, ZCP iii 214 . totaed deissiul Sencan, Anecd. iv p. xi . mad tuaithbel dodeocha, Ériu viii 122 .

(g) In impers. constructions. Act. with DO of pers.: taet as itir lāe ┐ aidche dūn chena, ol A., co rīsem Cuailgne let us set out (ipv. 3 s.?), TBC-I¹ 829 . condocorostor asin (leg. isin) loch . . . co tulaid dō ass co luan came out of it, 3664 . Note also: dot-luid i mbernai armo chenn-sa, ScM. 13 (see note). See Celtica ii 216 and cf. tánic de . . . coa maí fessin, LU 3267 ( SCC § 6 ). Pass. denúas dotiagar hisa tech . . . sis . . . dotiagar ass the house is entered from above, Thes. ii 292 . iar ngrad cháich dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg they come to welcome, Ml. 116b5 . dotíagar uad do chuinchid ind ḟíacla he sends messengers to seek, Trip.² 2313 . dotiagar ōn rīg dia n-agallaim, RC xxiv 144 . dodechas ó Áedán co Fiachnae ara tísed dia chobair, Imr. Brain i 41 . dodechas ō Maine cuice do cuingidh na muice, Dinds. 112 ( RC xvi 63 ). In O.Ir. glosses with FO is construed as: cid fo gním cid fo chésath dotiagar it is construed both actively and passively, Wb. 6a29 . is fo forṅgartaid . . . dutiagar á manifestare the (word) m. is construed as an imperative, Ml. 101c6 . is fo foxlaid dutiagtar they are construed ablatively, 106c3 .

1 do-tuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-tuit or dil.ie/18533
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tuit, dotuit, dothuit, dufuit, fora-tuit-som, dotuitet, dofuitet, dofuittet, tutet, dofuited, dofutitis, nothuititis, dorothuus-[s]a, co táthais, do-foth, día toth, arna-tta, torthissem, dotodsat, todsat, torthaiset, torchror-sa, dotodsinn, -faetsath, dorótsad, dorodsad, condo[d]sitis, dofoethus, dofoethus-[s]a, do-faethus-sa, tōithus, toethus, dofáithais, dafaethais, táithis, condoethais, taethais, dotóeth, dofóeth, dofaeth, dofaeth, tāith, thaeth, toeth, thóitis, tartais, taethais, dofaethsaid, taethaisti, dothoetsat, dofoethsat, dofaethsat, do-thaethsat, dofaesat, toethsat, inid-toetsat, dofaethsaind, dofaithesté-su, dofaethaisté-su, dofáithsad, dofaethsad, dofoetsat, tóethsad, toetsad, taethsad, thoithsad, táetsatais, taetsaitis, toethsitís, tōitsitis, torchar, torchair, torchar, docer, dacer, doceir, docair, tocair, dicer, dochear, dorochair, dorochoir, tarrochair, torchar, torchar, torchair, condorchair, trochair, dorochrobair, docertar, docerddatar, diceratar, doceradur, dorochratar, torchartar, con-torchratar, torcratar, con-drochradur, docersat, dorochairset, torchuirsit, dororchair, drorcradatar, drorcradar, do-ciuchratar, do-certar, docher, torchair, atorchair, drochair, itorchair, totuiter, tuiter, tuitim, tuit-, toit-, tuit, car-toit, rotuitset, bhacear, focera, rafoethus, rafaethais, rofaeth, rofaethsaind, rofaitsad, rofaethsad, taeth-, faeth-, taethur-sa, thaethad, taethfaid, taethfaid, taothfadh, do-aothfadh, rothaith, rothóeth, taethsat, thaethsadar, thaetsadar, faoithfead, faothfas, fāidhfit, do-faeth, dofoeth, dofuithebsa, chear, docearadh, chear, concearadar, torcrad

v (* to-tuit-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 656 , see Bergin, Ériu x 193 , GOI § 543 ). Ipv. 2 s. ná tuit , Imr. Brain § 30 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dotuit, Sg. 71a9 . dothuit, Wb. 4d15 . dufuit, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii § 4). dofuit, TBC-I¹ 738 , 3001 ; Trip.² 1292 , etc. fora-tuit-som, Wb. 4d15 . 3 pl. dotuitet, O'Dav. 738 . dofuitet, TBC-I¹ 2127 , 2952 . dofuittet, LL 246b45 . nad tutet , Sg. 50a7 . Impf. 3 s. intan dofuited , BB 368b39 . 3 pl. dofutitis, LU 9403 . nothuititis, TBC-I¹ 1417 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. (with -ro-) dorothuus-[s]a, Ml. 23c23 . 2 s. co táthais, TBC-LL¹ 1836 (so Ped.; from do-autat, Wind.). 3 s. do-foth, CB 164 § 45 gl. 1 . día toth, Bechbretha 68 § 30, 134 § 34 n. arna-tta, Mon. Tall. 159.35 . 1 pl. (with -ro-) na torthissem , Wb. 32c16 . 3 pl. dotodsat, Ml. 124d12 . arna todsat , 118a12 . (With -ro-) arna torthaiset , Críth G. 303 . With stem do-cer-: 1 s. dep. co torchror-sa , SR 1533 . Impf. 1 s. dotodsinn, Ml. 131b7 . 3 s. -faetsath, BDD² 792 . (With -ro-) dorótsad, LU 4870 = dorodsad, TBC-I¹ 382 . 3 pl. condo[d]sitis. Wb. 5b11 .

In Mid.Ir. the fut. and cond. are generally used in place of subj. Fut. 1 s. dofoethus, LB 126b33 . dofoethus-[s]a, Rawl. 142a48 . cia do-faethus-sa , RC xiii 8.14 . conna tōithus , xxiii 316 . toethus, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . 2 s. dofáithais, TTr.² 757 . dafaethais, CRR § 54 . co táithis , TBC-I¹ 1619 LU = condoethais, YBL. dia taethais , Aen. 2923 . 3 s. dotóeth, Thes. ii 248.8 . dofóeth, LU 9877 . dofaeth, LL 13973 . dofaeth, Laws i 142.2 . co tāith , Goid. 105.3 ( teth, 5 ). meni thaeth , CRR § 5 . ní toeth , RC x 64 . cia thóitis (rel.), Acall. 6880 . ( taetais, ZCP v 524.11 = tartais, Ériu xii 146 . ) taethais, Cog. 92.11 . 2 pl. dofaethsaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.21 . taethaisti, Anecd. iii 72 . 3 pl. dothoetsat, LL 249a40 . dofoethsat, SR 8289 . dofaethsat, TTr.² 544 , 757 ; AFM ii 1158 (poem). do-thaethsat, BDD² 698 . dofaesat, LL 146b30 . toethsat (absol.), SR 8161 . inid-toetsat, LL 292a29 . Condit. 1 s. dofaethsaind, TTr.² 316 . 3 s. dofaithesté-su, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . dofaethaisté-su, 4331 . 3 s. dofáithsad, LL 13999 . dofaethsad, 52 ; TBC-I¹ 1514 , 2434 . dofoetsat, -sad, TBC-I¹ 1091 , 1251 (LU). ní tóethsad , 1857 LU. co toetsad , 2933 . co taethsad , Fél.² lxxv 29 ; TBC-I¹ 2482 . mani thoithsad , TTr.² 1171 . 3 pl. arna táetsatais , Anecd. i 75.16 . co taetsaitis , TBC-LL¹ 2819 . ni toethsitís , TBC-I¹ 1858 LU. arna tōitsitis , Mon. Tall. 157.32 .

Pret. and perf. (from *to-cer-) 1 s. co torchar , Trip.² 1435 . 2 s. hi torchair (-i- faint in MS.), LU 6039 . co torchar , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.10 . 3 s. docer, Thes. i 493.26 ( Tur. 131 ). dacer, 29 . doceir, LL 274 , 1333 . docair, ACL iii 340 § 36 . tocair, Ériu ii 16.15 . dicer, viii 178.5 . dochear, AU 516 . dorochair, Thes. i 485.27 ( Tur. 19 ); Sg. 29a8 ; SR ; TBC-I¹ , etc. dorochoir, Thes. ii 236.27 . tarrochair, TBC-I¹ 1570 LU. anna torchar , Ml. 34c14 . i torchar , TBC-I¹ 2953 . co torchair , SR 6398 , cf. 5401 , 585 ; TBC-I¹ passim . condorchair, Ériu v 242.159 . i trochair (with metath.), Anecd. iii 61 . 2 pl. dorochrobair, SR 3608 . 3 pl. docertar, TBC-I¹ 2925 . docerddatar, LL 299b9 ( RC xiii 50 ). diceratar, Ériu viii 178 . doceradur, Lec. 203a17 . dorochratar, Ml. 36d13 . con torchartar , Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 262.1 ). con-torchratar, Ml. 48c28 . i torcratar , AU 833 . con-drochradur, ZCP viii 540.30 . Later with s-forms: docersat, LL 182b39 ; Rawl. 82b36 . dorochairset, Lec. 62a1 . torchuirsit, Fianaig. 92.6 . With doubling of -ro-, dororchair, ZCP i 103 . 15 ; ITS v 78 . drorcradatar, drorcradar, Celt. Rev. iv 16.2 , 9 . do-ciuchratar they fell, LU 4392 seems a contamination of do-certar and fut. stem of fo-ceird, cf. fochiuchra, 4583 ( TBC-I¹ 76 ). Forms docher and torchair continue in use to beginning of Mod.Ir. (Keating, FM) in sense was killed ; oft. with pref. ad-: atorchair (atrochair, drochair). itorchair, Ériu v 222.36 .

Pass. pres. s. totuiter, Sg. 71a14 . hi tuiter , 71a11 , cf. 12 , 13 .

Vn. tuitim.

Later treated as a simple vb. with stem tuit-, toit-: ro tuit , Mon. Tall. 157.10 . car-toit, LL 138b30 , pl. rotuitset (-etar, -setar).

Irregular forms.

(a) In LL do- is replaced by fo- in pret. 3 s. bhacear, TBC-LL¹ 4052 . focera, 1443 ; by ro- freq. in fut. and cond. forms with f: 1 s. rafoethus, TBC-LL¹ 4597 . 2 s. rafaethais, 3485 . 3 s. rofaeth, SG 384.7 (LL). Cond. 1 s. rofaethsaind, BB 422a39 . 3 s. rofaitsad, LL 166a53 . rofaethsad, TTebe 2852 .

(b) The fut. stem taeth- (toeth-) and occas. faeth- are somet. used as general stem of vb.: acht co taethur-sa , LB 112a20 . min thaethad , Lec. 421b43 . taethfaid, MR ( FDG 63 ). taethfaid, RC xxiv 282 . taothfadh, CRR 98.7 . do-aothfadh, ZCP x 288.7 . rothaith, Leb. Gab.(i) 98 . rothóeth, RC xiv 62 § 76 . cor taethsat , CCath. 133 ( cor thaethsadar , Todd Nenn. 46.7 , leg. thaetsadar and see do-tét). faoithfead, ML 100.17 . faothfas, 120.25 . ? fāidhfit, Cog. 92.10 . do-faeth he fell, Fen. 406 . dofoeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.35 . mun tí taoth 'about the one who has fallen' IGT Verbs § 21 (192.252) , Fil Súil nGlais 47 . nochor taeth, IGT Metr. faults § 25 . taeth fothannán ard dáenbhuille, Fil Súil nGlais 50 § 15 . Cf. also dofuithebsa, Ériu v 240.148 .

(c) The pret. root cer- also appears independently in a few cases in late texts: ó chear , Ó Bruad. i 102 (pret. pass. docearadh, 204 ). níor chear , A. Ó Dálaigh lv 24 . concearadar, Lec. 276a13 .

See IGT Verbs §§ 21 , 79 .

Falls ; gl. Lat. cadere, Sg. 71a9 ; concidere, Ml. 48c28 ; dēcidere, 23c23 ; corruere, 34c4 .

(a) In lit. sense: docer in biail dia samthig issam-muir, Tur. 131 . co torchair-seom isa cend, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . co torchair ina ligi, TBC-I¹ 1196 . co torchair a etach ṅde, 1202 . rotuit in tenid he fell into the fire, Mon. Tall. 157 (§ 72) . do mod ernaight[h]e co taothsad do déra, ZCP iii 30 . attaig Deain co tāith in tempul . . . guidfet-sa Crist co rotuite, Goid. 105 . dia teth tempul Deane erumsa, ib. da taet lindi tigi na Tebi if the houses of Thebes fall by our efforts, TTebe 2592 . ó atbath mac Eogain . . . dofaethsat cella Connacht, SG 65 . omna dorochair i Fidgable forsin chonair, Hy. v 69 Comm. mar cnái cáich tuitis do chronn, ZCP ix 486 . mad a n-aimser mesa, dothuite[d] mes in tire i n-aon aidche used to fall (from the trees), Laws i 24 . dorochair a claideb al-lāim Conculainn, RC iii 182 . rothuitsetar ar n-airm as ar lamaib, TTebe 1990 . dofuit sís . . . trethan tromm, SR 8113 . ce dofāidsad snāthat for lār in taige, Ériu iv 30 . dofuititis écne móra asin tsruth anuas for talmain, RC x 58 . dorochradar a cuirp i fudomain in mara, CCath. 2122 . tuitfeamaoid ré fánaidh amhail na huisgeadha, TSh. 49 . indar lat dofoethsad an talam fo cossaib, TTr.² 1846 . co taeth nemh dochum talmhan, Aen. 2966 . dia taethsad nem for an lár, BColm. 70 . Of fig. motion: tocair menma ōm t[h]uathaib | isin iat[h] i nIrlūachair my mind has fallen away from my people to the meadow, Ériu ii 16 . nach bág forsa torchair mo menmae, Fél. Ep. 361 . Of gramm. case (to transl. cadere): lase dotuit ind ainmnid, Sg. 71a9 . Falls out: dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn, Thes. ii 248 . caillech agar tuitidar a fiacla, 23 P 10, 100.x . ma tuit an findfad le gēri an galair, 61.26 .

(b) Transf. falls, abates, subsides: arnatta do saogal, ni do tórmuch forsind fitt teirc sin so that thy life fail not, Mon. Tall. 159 . rotuit in cath leth ar leth the battle subsided on both sides, CCath. 2216 . da mad toraib rotuited clothgnima Conaill gan congbháil, MR 150 . o toirmisc na hoileamna tuitid na baill ┐ tic an ḟpairilis the limbs give way (?), 23 P 10, 24b34 . da duite an bríg tochlaitheach if the appetite fails, 147rb16 .

(c) Esp. falls, perishes, is killed; usually but not exclusively of death in battle, oft. with LA of agent: cath Findas i trochair Fiachra, Anecd. iii 61 . dofaoth an t-saoi is in daoi bonn fri bonn, Cog. 204 . taethfaid uili, fer, meic mnā | a ndigail in lechta-sa, RC xxiv 282 . at ē sin rīga docersad isin chath sin, Todd Nenn. 52 . go ndrochair gach damhna glan | do sgothaibh calma Cruachan, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170 . cia thoitis don chlaidim? who will fall by the sword? Acall. 6880 . dofaeth rí din gāi sin, RC iii 178 . co rothérna indiu Molling, | ní thaeth do rinn ná d'faebur, SG 388 . cia dorochair Congal caech | mōr laech adrochair da rind, Ériu v 244 . dothuit fer cach lái leis, TBC-I¹ 1367 . docer la Meidb dā fer dēac dīib, 2903 . meni thaeth Ailill is Medb lemsa, CRR 5 . deimhnigh-si lat . . . co taet-som lium-sa cia dofaethur-sa laisim, RC xiii 8 . connā tōithus la fianna that I may not fall by the F., RC xxiii 316 . toitfet-sa leo nō buaidheochad forra, ZCP vi 34 . ní tarla fris riam trēn nā taetsat leis, Ériu v 152 . Dubh ┐ Finn . . . torchradar le hEoganacht, ZCP viii 119 . dororchair linne an biodhbha, ITS v 78 . dona cathaib a ndrochradar ┐ dona rīgaib ler' thoitsead, Lec. 575b10 . adeir . . . cor-thoit Eochaid Dala re Tindi, 352a36 . deich míli mora . . . dorochratar oc Dauíd fell by David, SR 5912 . mac Máil 'car toit Tuathal, LL 138b30 = rer-thoit, Lec. 398b30 . dofóeth Eógan már do láim Beinne, PRIA xix 534 ( LU 9877 ). torchratar . . . do láim Láegaire, Fianaig. 92 . gia dofaithesté-su dá lámaib, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . ba hind docersat a maic for that (deed) his sons perished, LL 146a18 . acht co torchror-sa . . . im' chinaid, im' tharimthecht, SR 1533 = acht co taethur-sa, LB (wrongly expanded taethairsa, MacCarthy 62 ). dofuitt di daigir he shall perish by lightning, ZCP xii 237 . gurab do chuma a mic torchair he died of grief, ALC ii 392 . il-Letha dorochair mo Chellóc died, Fél. Mar. 26 . congab i nDomnach F. ┐ bái and con-torcratar trí fichit fer leiss dia muintir till threescore men of his community had fallen there beside him, Trip. 190 = torchartar, Trip.² 2239 ( Thes. ii 242 ). tám thend | i torchair ár fer nhErend, MacCarthy 158 . arna toitsitis an aes pende, Mon. Tall. 157 .

(d) In theol. sense of transgression: i ndithrub parduis dorochair Adam: i ndíthrub in domuin dano asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . dotoith fēin gu n-a sil annsin (of Eve), Lib. Flav. ii 4va13 .

(e) Of fig. relations falls (into a state, under a rubric, etc.): na torthissem i n-apthin, Wb. 32c16 . dorochair a gnuisi a toirrsi ┐ i nduba (= concidit vultus eius, Gen. iv 5 ), Lec. 530b49 . rotoit bantigerna i lubra galair, RC x 186 . na dāine noch dotoit a teas imurcrach who become over-heated, 23 F 19, 27vb32 . dorochrobair for cinaid ye have fallen into sin, SR 3608 . ná tuit fri lige lesce, Imr. Brain § 30 . bid hí Silend táeth don tur that shall run dry (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . inna hí nad tutet isna gnúsi remeperthai that do not fall into the species aforesaid, Sg. 50a7 . dorochair i ndílsi di it has fallen into propriety to her (i.e. become her special name), 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsita do, Hib. Min. 168 . dorochratar uile i ndilse, Laws iv 178 .

(f) falls (to the lot, share, etc., of) with dat. infd. pron.: di chor cruinn dacer dul issam-muir the lot fell to him to go into the sea, Tur. 132 . Usually with DO (less oft. CO, OC): dofaeth in corp . . . marb coem do chill Cromglaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . docer a forbba dia flaith, Rawl. 119b18 . dorochair . . . do Bricriu dénam na flede, IT ii2 173 . focerdar crann . . . dūs cia dīb dototh bidba do tabairt to which of them the guilty party should be given, Laws iv 102 Comm. dorochair doridise na Lée . . . do chlannaib Néill, SG ii 471 . Inis Eoghain . . . dorochair co Cenel cConaill ó chéin mháir, Hugh Roe 232 . dothuiteadar na comhairthadha chugam-sa a n-ionadaibh taithneamhacha the lines have fallen unto me, Psalms xvi 6 . co ndorchair ic MacErca in ingen, BB 208b19 . rotuit an ferand agan ecclais osin alle, BNnÉ 315 § 8 .

(g) With FOR falls upon, comes upon; devolves on: ní toeth (thaed, v.l.) aess foraib age will not fall upon you, RC x 64 . torchair cotlud forsin slóg, LU 3274 ( SCC § 7 ). atrochair a shuantoirrthim codluta fair, CCath. 1451 . dororchair lupra ┐ trūaigi for Conall, ZCP i 103 . do thuit úathbás dorchaduis mhóir air, Gen. xv 12 . do thuitsedar taisi ┐ tāimnēlla bāis air, CF 341 . bedidh leth-lān ngell dotuit for cāch, Laws ii 136 . athgabail fir for a tuit rōi on whom falls the obligation of fighting a duel-ordeal (?), i 194 . do thuit trom na creach do chur don champa . . . air it fell to his lot to send . . ., Rel. Celt. ii 196 .

(h) falls, lapses, is forfeited or lost: (deut. forms given here could also be referred to 2 do-tuit), in Laws oft. with ó of loser: dotuitet cáire sheep are forfeited, O'Dav. 738 . ba de dochear magh Midhe, AU 516 (poem). taethais do ferann ar do anacul thy land shall be lost, ZCP v 524 (= tartais thou hast given, Ériu xii 146 ). co roícthur in cethruime dorochair isin fes which was forfeited for the feeding, Laws i 224 Comm. is uada tuitit na ba he forfeits the cows, 104 . dofuit athgabail (.i. dotuit athgabail ōn fir is cintuch), ii 18 . dorochair a cuitigh bunaid uaithe she forfeited her original share, 396 Comm. o docerr Aimairgin (.i. o dorochuir a raith a baile o A.), v 348 . atait a secht a tuit a eneclann ō cach seven things that deprive everyone of his honour-price, 368 .

(i) In impers. constr. in phrase do-tuit limm fair = that is my wish, object: is fair dofuit lemm-sa, ni reg-sa assin . . ., Trip.² 1293 = is fair d.¤ liúm-sa connā rag . . ., Anecd. iii 36 .

(j) Impers. forms in various senses: huare nád tuiter essib hi tuisliu aili there is no falling from them into other cases, Sg. 71a13 . cia thoiter do thentib ┐ grīsaib fair, ni fes tes ind though fires and embers fall upon it, Ériu ii 114 . Later as pass.: torcrad Mide dia n-echaib the men of M. were unhorsed, Ériu v 238 . gur torcrádh mac rígh na hE. gona mhuintir leo was slain by them, CF Eg. 306 . ar chuid Néill docearadh le cúngcasaibh who fell in course of victories, Ó Bruad. i 204 . na trí Findemnai . . . docertha iar ngliaidh glain | hi cath criaid fria n-athair, Lec. 52b23 .

dub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dub or dil.ie/18985
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dubh, duib, Dubchroin, Dubgaill, dublathi, dublocha, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib-, Dub-, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duibe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibinne, Dublachtnai, Dubdartaig, Duibduinig, Duibdunaigh, Duibsinaich, Dubslataigh, Duibchonna, Duibchonnaid, Duchormac, Dubinrecht, Dubanich, Duibcind, Duibcinn, Duibgind, Duibchruib, Dubchertain, Dubchon, Duibdeochain, Duibdiberg, Duibeoin, Duibedain, Dubgillai, Dubgoband, Dublaich, Dubloingsigh, Dubgosa, Dublitir, Dublitri, Dubluachair, Dubrind, Dubroith, Duibdirma, Duibdligid

I Adj. u (see GOI 227 ) black, swarthy; dark:

(a) In lit. sense: dubh gl. niger, Ir. Gl. 381 , 802 . Ethioip in datha derbduib, LL 136a14 . forollscad for ratha | comdar datha duibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 218 . in d.¤, in liath (colours of winds), SR 61 (cf. Laws i 26 ). in temen . . . eter duib ┐ corcair, 80 . abrait duib black eyelashes, TBC-I¹ 30 . folt d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5269 , 5424 . ech d.¤ , 3380 . cait duba, Laws i 152 Comm. di énlaithib dubuib (= graves aves), Lat. Lives 32 . dond ḟiuc[h] d.¤ , SR 2558 . uan . . . cen gaili nduib, 3902 . airnidhe dubha black sloes, BS 22 . demun d.¤ , SR 7773 . for demnu duba, 8320 . milidh duibh (dhubha, v.l.), RC xxxiv 320 . slog d.¤ dorcha (of devils), PH 8101 . teglach d.¤ dorcha, 8197 . il-luc d.¤ dorcha, Fél. Mar. 9 . tír nd.¤ ndóthide, FA § 21 . sruth usci duib dorchai, § 30 . for trágaib duba, SR 8068 . dubaib rathib rogemrid in the dark seasons of deep winter, Ériu vii 2 . fion dubh dark (i.e. red) wine , 23 A 4, 94.11 ; 95.1 . linn d.¤ black bile, melancholy (med.), O'Gr. Cat. 176 ; o imdughad lenna duibe, 23 P 10, 25a20 . Of persons, swarthy of complexion or blackhaired: Odba . . . in d.¤ dedblada[ch], BB 405a17 . na bāingela duba fair(-skinned) dark(-haired) women (?), ZCP viii 113.4 . Of a blind person: atú-sa mar bís dall d.¤ , ZCP vi 263 . As subst.: a d.¤ na sūl iris or pupil (?), 23 P 10, 88 .

(b) Fig. dark (in moral sense); dire, gloomy, melancholy: find cach cóir, d.¤ cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 . do chosc do dimda buib thy black displeasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . le scēl ndoilphi nd.¤ a false tale of woe, Lec. 608a16 . co d.¤ domenmnach truag, Cog. 62 . sonnach suairc nach dubh re deoraidh that has not black looks for the wanderer, Ó Bruad. iii 188 ( O'Gr. Cat. 555 ). rún nach d.¤ re saoghal séin `purpose prized by ages blessed thereby', Ó Bruad. ii 266 . na secht nduba Temrach .i. septem anni mali, ZCP xii 235 § 52 .

(c) In B. na f. great, expressing intensity; prob. an extension of (b) and common esp. as prefix: dubh .i. mór: d.¤ an fhuil-si .i. as mór an créchd.¤ , O'Cl. in dae sin cidh dubh (.i. mor) a ghlor though loud his noise, ZCP v 483 . ? biaid dano int ēsca lethumai iarthoir Macha .i. tāidlech ar crābud ┐ is d.¤ a riagol re tri fichtib mbliadna, ix 452 .

Equative: duibidir degaid, Ériu ii 122 . dubithir dethaig, BDD² 517 . duibithir druimne daeil, 22 ; TBC-LL¹ 5550 . dubithir ré drommannaib dega, LL 235b11 . duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . duibither fiaich, TBC-LL¹ 5634 . duibithir funchi fedil, Metr. Dinds. iii 256 , cf. O'Mulc. 540 . duibithir gual, RC xiii 5 . duibigther gual, xxiv 196 . duibhithior gual gabhonn, Keat. iii p. 379 . duibithir uibhli, Aisl. Tond. xiii 5 = comdubh re gual, p. 133 . Compar. duibi nā srath fuail cach gen, Lec. 347a47 . fá duibe iná gual a glúine, SG 251 . is duibhe a ngnúis ná gual, Lament. iv 8 .

II As subst. n., later o, m.

(a) black pigment, esp. ink: ó d.¤ gl. atramento, Wb. 15a10 . drochd.¤ , Sg. p. 217 (Thes. ii p. xxii). is tana a nd.¤ the ink is thin, Sg. p. 248b (ib.). iar n-airnechtain duib scripthar int psailim tria d.¤ after the invention of ink . . . with ink, Hib. Min. 243 . dubh scribind, Fél. p. 246 . doirtid a dig for duillinn | do d.¤ in chuilinn chnesglais ink made from holly, Laud 610, 615.55 , cf. Colmán duib Chuilinn, Fél. Nov. 24 and note p. 246 . penn bog gér ┐ d.¤ ruadh righin, O'Gr. Cat. 120 . adharc dhuibh an inkhorn , Eg. Gl. 650 . adeir Pól . . . nach le dubh do sgríobh í, Eochairsg. 14 . sgríobhadh ré pápéur ┐ ré dubh, 2 John 12 . olc sin, a dhuibh, TTr.² 875 (scribal note). ? Of a black liquid in general: mar attib . . . dig don rodub (roda, v.l.) rúamda, Metr. Dinds. iii 220 (see rota).

(b) gall: g s. duib gl. fellis, BCr. 35a3 ( Thes. ii 24 ). d.¤ ┐ mill na darach oak-gall (?) (prescription for a styptic), 23 P 10, 150va36 .

Note also: tucus ri toeb crīche, cia héraic bad mó | d.¤ dés is d.¤ tuinne, LL 147a50 `black of land (?) and black of wave', PRIA xix 553 , with note: `dub . . . has a proverbial or technical meaning, implying certain commodities, etc., exacted as tribute. Perhaps "doubtful or disputed portion", cf. dubfine'. Cf. Dub-thuinne below. d.¤ .i. duithir ( dawn?), Stowe Gl. 50 .

Compds.

I With adj. In dvandva compds.: dub-brecc dark and speckled , SR 2955 . folt dubchas black and curling , TBC-I¹ 3219 . More oft. as intens. prefix: ¤deróil: cliar drechach nár duibdereoil `dark and feeble' ( very feeble ?), RC xxiv 182 . ¤diamair, SG 307.23 . ¤grāna, KMMisc. 317 . ¤láidir: dōdlāmha dublaidire, CF 205 . ¤temen: muir ndubthemen, SR 909 . Esp. with adjj. of colour to denote a deep shade: ¤chorcur dark crimson gl. ferrugo (explained as color purpurae), Sg. 52a11 . do sciathaib dubc[h]orcra, Fianaig. 88 . ¤chrón; as n.pr. m. a Dubchroin , Hib. Min. p. 77 . hí Dubchroin, Lec. 349b38 . ¤derg dark red , TBC-I¹ 1916 . batir domna dubderga a dí shúil, LL 117b18 . ¤donn dark brown or dun: dubtonn, Thes. ii 236.13 . stéd dubdhonn, SG 269 . dercoin darach dubdhuinne, BS 130 . bratt don scarlóid dubhdhuinn, Anecd. i 76 . As n.pr. m., Metr. Dinds. iii 318 . ¤glas dark blue-grey, livid colour: dubglass gl. caeruleum, Sg. 70b12 . ech d., Acall. 3776 ; Anecd. i 12 . gabur d., ZCP iv 33 . broit dubglasa, TBC-I¹ 11 . co nathrachaib dubglasa, TTebe 524.322 . Hence dubglasaid turns livid: cia bānait ┐ dúbglasait do beoil, PH 8131 . ro bansat a n-aighthe ┐ a ngnúisi, ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil, CCath. 4632 . ¤gorm blue-black, intense black: ech d., Acall. 242 . adbai na ndoel ndúbgorm, PH 8256 . ¤lachtne dark tan-coloured: brat dublachtne, RC xiv 450 . dublactna, xiii 28 . As n.pr. m. Rawl. 150b35 . ¤líath dark grey . As subst.: ? bíaid dano in douibliath (duibliath, v.l.) doich anechde Loch Rí, ZCP ix 451 . ¤odar dark brown or dun: co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, RC xv 439 . As n.pr. m. Dubodor, Rawl. 159a24 . ¤ruad dark red , SR 4046 .

In adj. formed from nouns: ¤altach black-limbed (?): ag indarba deman ┐ d. bís (exorcista), Lec. 340b43 . ¤chestach. As sobriquet: Dáire D. of the dark questions, RC xvi 34 ( Dinds. 84 ). ¤chosach blackfooted . Name of a bird, Anecd. i 38 . As sobriquet, in D. Beinne Gulbain, SG 280 . As subst. o, m., name of a plant, black maidenhair (capillus Veneris), ACL i 326 . don dubhcosaigh , 329 . anmanna an dubhchosaigh, 23 K 42 339.9 . ¤détach black-toothed: as sobriquet, Fergus D., ZCP viii 327 . F. Duibhdhéadach, Keat. iv 294 . ¤ḟograch: muir mintonnach d. plaintive-sounding , RC xxiv 373 . ¤geltach melancholy-mad (downright m.?): glac duibgealtaigh gortaigh, IT iii 101 ( Bruchst. § 71 ). ¤gnúisech black-faced: daosgarshluagh dubh-ghnúiseach deamhan, TSh. 1975 . ¤gus-rúnach full of black crafty thoughts, CF 871 . ¤luirgnech black-shanked, -legged . Name of a horse, Acall. 270 . ¤nertach (intens.): for Daire ṅdian ṅd., LL 213b31 . ¤smúaintigthech: tiubrā dorcha dubhsmuaintigheach 'a dark, brooding, bushy brow', BDC 256.558 . ¤ṡúilech black-eyed: ni thuca in dubshúilig ndochoisc do not marry an intractable black-eyed woman, ZCP viii 112 . As sobriquet: in Findṡúilech et in Dubṡúlech, LL 327a33 . mac Taidhg Dubhsuiligh, AU 1496 (iii 406) .

II With nouns: ¤aba, ¤abann: teora dubaibne hÉrenn .i. Fubna, Torand ┐ Caland, LL 16b36 . tomaidm tri ndubabann, 17a19 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤adaig: i ndubaidchib dark nights, Laws ii 2 . ¤aigén abyss, deep ; goiridh an dubhaigén chum an dubhaigéin deep calleth unto deep, Psalms xlii 7 . ó dhuibhaighén na fairrge, lxviii 22 . Cf. duibecán. ¤aithech black churl (disparaging epithet): la borg d., FB § 71 . ¤alt dark spot, Ó Bruad. ii 166 . ¤áth: ic dubáthaib derg-Maisten black fords, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 ; see Hog. Onom. ¤broid: mo dhuithche fá mhogsain 's fá dhubh-bhroid dark bondage , O'Gr. Cat. 30 . ¤buidechair name of a disease (kind of jaundice?): a n-aghaidh an (sic) dubhbuidheachaire, 23 K 42, 384.1 . ¤chailech part of an axe: gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib, O'Dav. 532 . ¤chend lit. black-head, name of a sword; later (in poetic lang.) sword in general (later also ¤gin, ¤ginn, perh. through influence of gin sword-edge). a gabair is a dubcend (.i. a ech ┐ a chlaideb), LU 1037 . colg ┐ d.¤ duo nomina gladii , 1038 . is for rigaib focheird feit | indiu d. la Diarmeit, ZCP iii 214 ( LU 9674 ) = indiu in duibgen la D., SG 398 . a duibhginn (.i. a claidemh) ina deghsgib, ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). con duibciund (.i. cloidem) ina dagscip, LB 240a21 . duibhgeann .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. Also n.pr. m., see below. ¤cheo: duibnēll duibchiach, FB § 36 Eg. ¤chís: cáin, dubhchíos nó custum do chur orra tribute , Ezra vii 24 . fa duibhchíos, Proverbs xii 24 . ¤chlais n.loc. for D., Sc.M² 23 § 23 . ¤chrand: d. mór uaso (of a shaft or pillar?), BDD § 85 . ¤chrech: dubchrecha ┐ chnáim chrói `secret raids' (murderous raids?), Cáin Ad. § 46 . ¤doíre black bondage , SR 5286 . ¤dortad (intens.): forran na tond annuas ac d. forro, Aen. 247 . ar nd. don dīlinn, Anecd. i 26 . Cf. ara ndubdhortaibh dileann, CF 730 . ¤draic: tír nathrach is dubdrac, Rawl. 78b10 . ¤draigen blackthorn, sloe: airne dubhdroighin, Acall. 344 . ¤druim (intens.): dubhdhruim do chor ris an saidhbhreas to renounce altogether, TSh. 10097 . ¤dúnad: fōidis C. Loeg uad isin duibdunad co Fiacha . . . do chuindchid lēgi (apparently a camp distinct from that of the warriors), TBC-I¹ 2766 . ¤én crow or raven , O'Mulc. 310 (= fiach). elta d., RC xiv 416 . ealtada do dubenaib (sic leg.), ZCP x 298 . ¤étach: d'umhluighios a nduibhédach, Psalms xxxv 14 . ¤éthech: secip fethal foa tosar a ndubethech downright perjury , Ériu vii 156 . ¤ḟine one of the inferior divisions of the `fine tuaithe', Laws iv 282 follg. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 148 . ¤ḟocal obscure word: d. .i. da focal .i. focal ┐ focal solus, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18 415 -16); Lec. Gl. 565 . ? ¤ḟolach: dubithir leth d., IT i 310 ( LL 113b13 ). ¤ḟuath black hatred: robhaoi a d. go mór ga bhráithribh, TFrag. 170 . ¤ḟuil: lia dubhfhola, Acall. 1739 , 8002 . cairi dubḟola, MU² 730 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 4336 , TBC-I¹ 2810 ). ¤ga black spear (particularly in phrase fir dubga): dobebat flathi ria n-anflathaib la fursmalta fer ndubga[e] '(lawful) princes will perish before usurpers by the oppressions (?) of the men of the black spears', RC xxvi 38 § 191 (a portent of the end of the world). di sceo neimhe fer ndubgæ 'from the venomous clash of black-speared men', BDC 108.85 (of Connachta). flaith fer ndubgāi, ZCP ix 169.28 (of Vikings). See BDC 163 .​​ co nd. nduaibsech, MR 198 . ¤gait nefarious stealing: soiscela mor Coluimcille do d., AU 1006 = CS 1005 . ¤gall black foreigner, Dane (opp. to findg. Norwegian): Dubgoill do thecht do Áth Clíath, AFM 849 . na Dubgaill, LL 377a7 . Drochet Dubgaill (n.loc.), Cog. 184 . Also n.pr. m., Rawl. 154a17 . gen. mac Dubgaill , RC xviii 349 , etc.

¤gen(n)te (pl.) black heathens, Danes: tetacht dubgennti du Ath Cliath, AU 850 . tancatar Dubgenti Danarda, Cog. 229 (LL). Dainfhir ón Dania . . . is diobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte nó Dubhlochlonnaigh, Keat. iii 2456 .

¤glas ( ¤glais) dark stream or river: glorach for dubglais innocht, LL 298a21 ( SG 366 ). éicne dubglaisse duinne, SG 388 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤gentlidecht black heathenism: ni bia cretim acht duibgenntligecht hi tir nErenn, Trip. clxxxii ( LB 12a ). ¤guin (intens.): tucadar dubgona dluithi . . . ar a cheli, CF 129 . ? ¤gortus: ar a urrdhurcus, ar a ṡuilbere, ar a dubghortus, IT iii 92 . ¤greim (intens.): rug M. dubhghreim dian ar ubhall brághad ar S., PCT 1644 . ¤inis: i nduibinsib ind ociain, Lism. L. p. 354 ( LL 373d ). ¤lacht (pejorative): ar dhubhlacht duthain an domhnáin, TSh. 2287 . ¤laíd: Conall Cael rochanad d. `singer of a dark song', Arch. Hib. ii 71 . dubláidi dindsenchais `dark lays', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ¤laith lit. black fluid or humour; melancholy: (g s. as adj.?) is dublathi díscir dian (of a person), MacCongl. 87 . dubhlaithe a ndeoid an domain, Harl. 5280, fo. 42a . ¤lén: an duibhlénsa this black sorrow, BS 92 . ¤lestar black vessel, name of a measure (?): dā dubhlestur deac do cormam (sic) i ndé sechtmuine (allowance of a monk), ZCP vi 271 . ¤lethar: scíath cona thugi dublethair, RC xiv 404 . ¤lia: d. fola, Acall. 6999 . ¤líath see above. ¤lind dark liquid: lónchore mór . . . d. uathmar and; mescthus béos isin duiblinn, BDD § 128 . black pool: ar dublind Brea, Dinds. 132 ( RC xvi 137 ). tar duiblinn imm Brae, ZCP iv 40 . As n.loc., name of rivers, later name of Áth Cliath Dublin: co Dublind Átha Cliath, Cog. 226 ( LL 309b19 ), LL 44b11 . Ámlaib . . . dagrí Dublindi, IT iii 15 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loch: cu glais Tamlachtae dublocho (= lacūs nigri), Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 238 ). pl. dublocha ifrind, RC xxvi 158 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loinges lit. black exile , esp. the band of Ulstermen who followed Fergus m. Roich to Connacht: toíssech don dúbhloingius la Fergus, Cóir Anm. 275 . tiaguit Connachtuid ┐ in dubluingius, RC x 226 . robris forsin dublongais, LL 44a17 . an dubhloingeas .i. an sluagh deoraidheachta dochuaidh lé Fearghus i gConnachtaibh, Keat. ii 3266 . Of an outlaw band in general: ar dteacht dubhloingis go Cruachain, 2034 . ¤luachat (intens.): ilar ṅdorcha ṅdubluachat, SR 904 . ilar na nd., RC iv 252 . ¤lochlonnach Dane (oppd. to findl. Norwegian), see gente above. ¤lus name of a herb used in med., ACL i 335 §§ 61 , 89 (prob. symphytum or comfrey , Germ. Schwarzwurz). ¤mind: mionnuighim dhíb fa na dhuibhmhionnaibh is dual damh black (i.e. solemn, awful?) halidoms, Maguires of F. § 62 (reliquary is called `in Dubhineach', § 63 ). ¤nél, SR 7418 . d. nemi, TFerbe 181 . eirach an duibhneóil írchra, Ériu i 103 § 65 . fo dhuibhnellaib, Lism. L. 2771 . ¤nóin: fuinsid anuad ó d. duinn, SG 366 . Cf. ó maidin co dubhnónaigh `black noon', i.e. midnight, Cog. 114 . ¤oenach `black assembly', a name given to the Fair of Tailtiu held by Donnchad s. of Flann Sionna, k. of Ireland (see AU 926 ): ō Patraic co d. Dondchada maic Mailsechlainn, Dinds. 99 ( RC xvi 50 ). co dubaenach nDonnchada meic Flainn, SG ii 469 . ¤raed: inmain andord tria d. dark wood, IT i 79 . ¤recht: fri dubrechtu gentliuchtae black laws of heathenry, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 357 ). ¤reclés name of Colum Cille's oratory at Derry, LB 237a3 . in dubreicles, AU ii 153 (` penitentiary '). teora bliadna bái cen lēss | Colum ina duibregless, RC xviii 160 ; BCC § 185 . do coir (leg. comair?) an duibreicléis, ib.; AU 1166 . ¤ mighty king: Finntan . . . Senach . . . Colman . . . tri dúibríg co ngliaid gaile, Fél. lii . ¤roén dark plain (?): ba bind mo dord dar dubráen, Imr. Brain ii 290 . black (crushing) defeat (?): rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6550 . fo dubroenaib, 5558 . ¤rún dark design (?): dubrúin, TBC-I¹ 1692 . ¤rota dark pigment or liquid: do d. ┐ do gual, IT iii 191 . rofothraicit for dubrodae, Dinds. 46 ( RC xv 439 ). ¤sciath, TBC-I¹ 1795 . ¤ṡesra name of a measure, RC xv 439 ( Dinds. 46 ). ¤ṡín foul weather: nosdoirtend forro . . . in duib-sin ┐ dearrtan, Aen. 224 . la toidhecht na duibhshine geimhreta, Marco P. 36 . ? inna dubthíne, ZCP viii 313.2 . ¤ṡlán defiance, challenge: dubhshlán na Féinne fughat the F. defy thee, Oss. iv 136 . thug dubhṡlan fáoi defied, Eg. Gl. 356 . ó thug sé dúbhshlán shloigh Dé bhí defied the hosts, 1 Sam. xvii 36 . Later also dullán: do dhullan faoi I challenge you to do it, Luc. Fid. 311 ; 323 , 325 . ¤ṡluag: d. détla danarda, MR 184 . ¤ṡnechta: imat duibhshnecta teintidi `fiery dark snow', Ériu ii 136 . ¤thalam: dréchtfaid an dubh[th]alamh (sic leg. with v.l.), ZCP viii 212.1 . ¤thám: a ndul uli do dubthám that they should all die of black pestilence, Ériu iv 180 . ¤thír: as n.loc., see Hog. Onom. ¤threbtha `black husbandries' (pejor.), Triads 140 . -thredan black fast (lasting three days): co ndernsat dubthrédan, RC xii 436 . bliadan dubtredain cen dig cen biad cen cotlud, RC xv 489 . arra duibtredain, ib. ¤throscad black fast, keeping a black fast: dubthroscuth (= ieiunium atrum), Ériu vii 144 . do dubtroscad iar mór-chin, RC xv 488 . arra dubtroisct[h]e, 489 . ¤thuata: don dubhthuata ignorant layman, Eochairsg. 48 . ¤urla: each dub go nd. ndub black mane, ZCP viii 228 . As n.pr. m.: do sgur Í D., ib.

See also sections (c) and (d) under proper names below.

Dub in Proper Names. As n.pr. o, m. (allegor.): Dian ┐ D.¤ is Dothur, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . D.¤ ┐ Dobur ┐ Doirce, BB 35a10 . Common proper name: LL 322f64 , BB 149f19 , etc. gen. Duib pass. pl. tri Duib Imlig, TBC-I¹ 1484 ; 3512 ; cuig nDuibh, MR 290 . As f.: D.¤ ingen Roduib, Dinds. 26 ( RC xv 326 ). In phr. with Finn and Donn meaning a nobody : a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

Also in names of animals: in D.¤ Sainglend (a horse), FB § 31 , 43 . D.¤ Esa is Dubh thuinne | dá ech Aenghuis Angluinne, Acall. 276 . Dubh Chabhlaidh, Dubh Easa, IGT Decl. § 125 . D.¤ na Cat (name of a cat), BCC § 165 . Of bells: in d.¤ díglach (name of Caillín's bell), Fen. 412 . an D.¤ duaibsech (Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . in d.¤ Temrach (Ruadán's bell), LB 260b29 ; YBL 136a26 .

Very frequent with (a) follg. qualifying adj. (b) dependent noun in gen. (c) in compounds with adj. (d) in compounds with nouns. In a number of cases it is difficult to decide the class to which a name belongs. Editors tend to print all names as compounds and in MSS. Duib- somet. replaces Dub- in genuine compounds even before non-palatal initials. In the follg. the correct form, in so far as it can be determined, has been restored silently.

(a) With qual. adj. D.¤ Daingen, BB 97d46 . gen. Duib Daingin, 98c30 . Duib Déin (gen.), SG ii 468 . D.¤ Dil, AU 1072 . Duib Duind (gen.), BB 73e52 . Duib Éitig (gen.), LL 339b15 ; BB 142e36 . Duib Feil (gen.), BB 138f8 , Fheil, LL 315a24 . Duib Leisc, Rawl. 155b24 (but Oengus Dublesc (?), 13 ). Duib Udair (gen.), BB 159a23 (see dubodar under ordinary compds.). Duib Ṡalaich (gen.), LL 323d39 . Duib Salaig, BB 186b6 = = Dubalaigh, 45 .

(b) With dependent noun in gen.: D.¤ Caille, LL 314a12 ; Rawl. 122a6 . D.¤ Cailli, BB 144a41 ; gen. Duib Chaille, 120a43 . Duib Chilli (gen.), Rawl. 89f3 . D.¤ Cluana, Anecd. i 42 ; gen. Duib Cluana, BB 126b20 = Duib Cluan, LL 313c39 . D.¤ Commair, Rawl. 142a42 ; SG ii 461 . Duib Chonnacht (gen.), Rawl. 129b11 . Duib Crích (gen.), BB 130a13 . Duib Cuan (gen.), BB 143d15 . D.¤ Cuili, BB 190b14 ; gen. Duib Chuili, 86d45 . D.¤ Daire (of the oakwood), LL 325b34 ; BB 70a35 ; gen. Duib Daire, LL 333c56 . D.¤ Dara (of the oak), LL 389a34 ; RC xviii 354 (Tig.). D.¤ Darach, Rawl. 146a47 ; BB 147a38 ; gen. Duib Darach, 114c8 . D.¤ Dísirt, LL 325h19 ; Rawl. 155a39 (Dissirt). D.¤ Díthrib, BB 131a3 ; gen. Duib Dithrib, Fianaig. 52 . Duib Dithruib, Rawl. 123a17 ; LL 314b51 . D.¤ Dothra (see Dothra), BB 91b29 ; gen. Duib Dothra, 91c22 ; Rawl. 145g28 . Duib Dubni (gen.), LL 253f60 . D.¤ Dúin, LL 326a14 ; Rawl. 153a27 ; gen. Duib Dúin, 42 . D.¤ Durlais, LL 325b31 ; D.¤ Daurlais, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Durluis, LL 340a18 ; Daurlais, Rawl. 159a28 . D.¤ Emna, AU 1053 ; LL 334a48 ; gen. Duib Emna, BB 113c9 . Duib Enaig (gen.), Rawl. 122b38 ; LL 314b13 . Duibh Esa (gen.), BB 72a25 ; Duib Essa (gen.), Rawl. 146c50 . As n.pr. f. gen. Duibhe Easa, Ériu v 64 . D.¤ Inse, Thes. ii 286.10 . Duibh Insi, AFM 814 ; indsi, 1032 ; gen. Duib Innse, BB 168a18 , ¤indse, 72b24 . ¤indsi, Rawl. 146d17 . D.¤ Lacha (f.), LL 330c61 ; BB 166a2 ; accus. Duib Lacha, 4 ; gen. Duibe Lacha, Imr. Brain i 58 ; Duibe lacho, Rawl. B. 512, 119a . D.¤ Lasra, Rawl. 151b29 . D.¤ Lenna, Rawl. 156a11 . D.¤ Lis, 127a20 . D.¤ Railbe, BB 115e14 ; AU 1130 ; gen. Duib Railbe, BB 76a14 . Dub Railbhe, 115e14 . D.¤ Rois, BB 155a19 , 182a4 ; D.¤ Ruis, 150b21 ; LL 190a9 ; gen. Duib Rois, BB 114f49 . Duib Sléibe (gen.), LL 340a50 , Rawl. 129b19 . D.¤ Sligi, BB 191a39 ; gen. Duib Sligi, 74c8 . Dubh Teamhrach inghean Bhriain, 3 C 13, 880.13 ; gen. Duibhe T., 884.4 . D.¤ Tíre, LL 327g2 , BB 149d24 ; gen. Duib Tire, 158b11 . Duib thuinne (gen.), LL 335h19 , Rawl. 161b48 . Duib Uindsenn (gen.), BB 72c8 ; Duibh Uinsenn (gen.), Rawl. 146d35 . Oft. folld. by gen. dual (see ZCP xiv 271 - 2 , xx 167-73 ): Dub Da Bairenn, Rawl. 117d53 ; Boirenn, LL 382c5 ; gen. Duib Da Bairenn, Rawl. 150a26 , b17 etc. (Davoren). Dub Da Barc, BB 147a34 ; gen. Duib D. B., 146d8 . D.¤ Da Braine, Rawl. 141b35 ; gen. Duib D. B., 159a24 . D.¤ Da Chell, LL 324c33 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 340a40 . Duib Da Colman (gen.), BB 144b4 ; Duib De (sic Facs.) Cholmáin (gen.), LL 324c59 . D.¤ Dá Chrich, LL 315a29 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 32 , Rawl. 91d37 . Duib Da Doss (gen.), Rawl. 159b31 . D.¤ Dá Inber, TFrag. 90 . D.¤ Da Letha, SR 2361 ; D.¤ D. Lethe, LL 42c44 ; D.¤ D. Lethi, 25b10 ; gen. Duib Da Lethi, LL 327e32 , Rawl. 146e20 ; D.¤ D. Leithe, 153b33 . D.¤ Da Muige, LL 328d45 ; gen. Duib Da Maige, Rawl. 160a32 . Duib Da Subne, (gen.), Rawl. 150a39 ; Dub De (sic Facs.) Subne (gen.), LL 326c8 . D.¤ Dá Thond, LL 317b44 ; gen. Duib D. Th., 341a45 . D.¤ Da Tuath, LL 381b25 ; gen. Duib Da Thuath, 33 , Rawl. 159a45 . D.¤ Da Thuile, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Da Thuili, 26 .

(c) In compds. with adj. Dubchroin (gen.), LL 313a22 . Dubfinn (f.), SG ii 487 . Duibinn, Cóir Anm. 62 ; gen. Duibinne, Duibne, ib. Dubgorm (Dub Gorm?), BB 104b48 . Dublachtna, LL 150b12 ; Rawl. 150b35 ; gen. Dublachtnai, LL 326i13 , Duiblachtnai, 337b46 (Dub Lachtna?). Dubóc, Rawl. 159a29 ; LL 340a11 ; BB 156a1 ; gen. id., LL 317a32 (Dub Óc? Dimin. of Dub?).

With adj. derived from nouns: Dubbronach, LL 318b12 . ¤dálach, Hy Fiach. 126 (family name). ¤dartach: gen. Dubdartaig, O'Gr. Cat. 645 . ¤dúnach, ¤dúinech: gen. Duibduinig, LL 352h27 = Duibdunaigh, BB 223e22 . ¤ṡínach (cf. dubṡín foul weather under ordinary compds.): gen. Duibsinaich, Rawl. 146g29 ; BB 113a49 . ¤ṡlatach, BB 94b31 ; gen. Dubslataigh, 41 ; Duibslataich, Rawl. 153b17 .

(d) In compds. with nouns. With proper name: Dubaed, Ardm. 19a1 ( Thes. ii 365 ). Dubconda, LL 326c57 ; gen. Duibchonna, 325c14 (D.¤ Chonda?). ¤chonnad (cf. Condad, Connad, Contribb.): gen. Duibchonnaid, LL 340a39 . Dubchormac, LL 326d , with note: ab hoc nomine vocatus est ideo quod pater eius obiit nascente illo. Propter memoriam mortis patris eius vocatus est Duchormac . Dubchrimthann, LL 321e63 . m. Cuirc Duibechach, 326a38 . ? Dubindrecht, Rawl. 159a41 ; Dubinrecht, 165b15 ; LL 327c24 ; gen. Dubinrecht, LL 325b13 ; Rawl. 146a22 . Duibindrecht, 150b15 , 30 . Duibinrecht, LL 321b56 ? m. Erca Dublugdech, LL 327e46 .

With other nouns: Dubainech, Rawl. 160b11 ; ? gen. húa Dubanich , RC xviii 368 . Dubchend (see under ordinary compds.), LL 323a6 ; Dubcenn, Rawl. 152b55 ; Duibcind, BB 183b46 ; Duibcinn, LL 391b15 ; Duibgend, BB 183b39 , ¤genn, 118b48 ; ¤ginn, LL 389b7 ; gen. Duibcind, Rawl. 153a56 ; Duibcinn, 1 ; Duibgind, RC xviii 337 (Tig.). Later Duibhgheann; gen. ¤ghinn, Keat. iv . Dubchrob: gen. Duibchruib, LL 327e11 . ? Dubchertan: Duibhceartan, CF 13 ; gen. Dubchertain, LL 373a30 . Dubchu, BB 76b16 ; gen. Dubchon, 18 . Duibdeochain (gen.), Fél. p. 48 ; Rawl. 89f2 = Duibdechoin, LL 351a8 . Duibdiberg (gen.), Rawl. 146c42 ; ¤dibeirg, BB 145b17 . Duibeoin (gen.), BB 141d37 , 142d28 . Dubétan, Laud 610, 105b1 ; gen. Duibedain, BB 110b38 . Dubgall (see under ordinary compds.), LL 41c66 , Rawl. 140a33 . Dubgilla, LL 40b9 ; BB 122b36 ; gen. Dubgillai, LL 314c57 , 323g55 ; Duibgillai, BB 70b48 . Dubgoband (gen.), LL 369d32 . Dublaech, BB 142a39 ; ¤laich, 74a33 ; gen. Dublaich, 49b42 . Dubloingsigh (gen.), BB 71a8 . Duibgen, BB 83a5 , 88d50 . Dubgilcach, LL 319c53 ; ZCP viii 304.19 (but Dub Gilcaich, Rawl. 148a43 ). Dubgus, Rawl. 160b48 ; gen. Dubgosa, BB 160a1 . Dublitir (dat.), Thes. ii 287.32 . Dublitter, LL 360d52 . Dublittir, AU 735 ; gen. Dublitri, LL 360c26 . Duiblitrech, ZCP iii 17 , 20 ( Rawl. 68b15 , 76a4 ). Dubluachair, LL 382a21 ; Rawl. 128a15 ; gen. Dubluachair, ib. Dubhluachra, LL 382a23 . Dubneim, BB 157b37 . Dubrind, LL 314c21 ; gen. Dubrind, 57 . Duibrind, Rawl. 123f8 (D.¤ Rind?). Duibruip (gen.), Rawl. 154d48 ; BB 160a14 . Dubroith (gen.), Lism. L. xxxi . Dubṡlat ` black rod ', BB 83a5 = Dublat, 82a30 , Dubslait, RC xvii 142 . Dubsloit, AU 554 . ¤ṡloit, CS 558 . Perh. also Duibdirma (gen.), Rawl. 146b43 ; BB 73d39 ; and Duibdligid (gen.), BB 232b6 ; Rawl. 94b48 ; Fél. p. 48 ( Duibligid, LL 351a7 ).

Load More Results