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ad-cuimben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cuimben or dil.ie/405

Forms: athchum(m)aid, adrochmaither, aidchuimthe, athchumma

v (*ath-com-ben-) strikes, cuts, wounds, lacerates . Later athchum(m)aid. adomchumben a dule its leaves tear me, Corm. Tr. 8. x . at[h]cuman amail rainn (leg. rind?), iterdiben amail faebar, ZCP iv 243.23 . eisce adcumann arm, O'Curry 245 ( H 3.18, 141 ) = atcuimen, 626 ( ib. 303 ); adcuimen, O'D. 868 ( H 3.17, 621 - 622 ) `a wound which a weapon inflicts', Plummer MS notes. huilliu adcumnet indate chlaidib `they wound', Ml. 77a1 . cichsit hÉrendmaig . . . atacumbat echtraind secht mbél fri firu Goedel (a prophecy), ZCP xiii 379.4 (fut. 3 pl.?). athcummaid amal rinne, LL 371a34 . athchummass cach immad, LL 243b6 , `wounds', TTr. 1981 . is bidba delg athchummas chness, LL 13802 . nóathcumad cech aén (of a demon), Lat. Lives 95.x . ? athcummai (atcumcai, v.l.) a delg, LL 14241 (rhet.) ro athchummai M. `he wounded M', TTr.² 1415 . ro cirred iarom ind lám sin ┐ ro hathchummad, LU 7995 . gur h-athc[h]umaid aighthi na mīled, ML² 1733 . ma adrochmaither , O'Curry 808 ( H 3.18, 374a (subj. pres. sg. pass.).

Part. aidchuimthe gl. cauteriatam, Wb. 28c17 .

Vn. athchumma.

1 bás

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bás or dil.ie/5444

Forms: bása, báis, bh., -guin

o, n. later m. ? vn. of baïd, see GOI § 728 ; Wortk. 182. b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 96 , g s. bása proscribed form, see exx. 758 , 1717 . death: bās ebraice (rectius ba's arabice, ed.), tribulatio uel angustiae uel mors latine , O'Mulc. 129. bidba . . . .i. bis mortis .i. fer adroilli a bās fo di bidba sin, 147 . b.¤ gl. letum, Sg. 173a9 . báas péne no quando caro moritur , Wb. 4a11 . ni áirmithi ar aithis a mb.¤ n-isin `that death', 15d12 . as comacus a mb.¤ `that death is near', Ml. 64a2 . b.¤ ṅAróin, Fél. July 1 . táircet báas dúib, Wb. 3b8 . immefolṅget b.¤ , 13c4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe `was guilty of death', 1d15 . co llaa a mbáis, 5b4 . i llau baíss, 29c2 . batir inricci du báas, 5c14 . a b.¤ i mbethith, 13d17 . ni fiu leu b.¤ n-aill du techt forru `that another death should come upon them', Ml. 139c3 . ní dergenat mú b.¤ gl. extinctionis, 80a9 . ecal ar b.¤ `afraid of death', 109d1 . tri bas, 16d2 . frescisiu (sic leg. edd.) in báis, 69b3 . cid fri geld bais no beth `at the point of death', Mon. Tall. 145.4 . diambe hi fiadnaisi ind bais istig `present . . . at the death', 153.9 . a bbas peccaid `from death of sin', Thes. ii 351.17 . di bliadin re mbas dáu `two years before his death', 238.18 . is amlaid tregdas rinn na fergai in anmain co n-imfolngai bās do suidiu, ZCP iii 26.28 , mac sethar ind ríg do folmaisiu a báis, LU 5019. is missi conairgeba b.¤ ┐ éc ┐ aided forro, TBC-LL¹ 4271. o básaib na n[d]óine necraibdech, RC ii 388 § 13. a bas no a hinnarbu that he should be put to death, SR 3732. rith for b.¤ a course toward death, 1666 . o chéin fo garbchacht báis brón, 2227. ronlín bochta, ronbás bath (? = ron bath b.¤ death has slain us), 4059 . ro gabh galar a báis eissiumh `his death-illness', RC xxv 398 § 16. ba cuma liom b.¤ no ég, IT ii 2.116.4 . roichfidh an b.¤ céadna gach aon, TSh. 13. cuireadh chum baiss e `he was executed', Celtica i 245.16 .

In various phrases: gell do b.¤ pledge, security for redemption from death (?), see gell. Note also: forgo set as tualing gill de fri bas do sannad, Laws v 436.24 . b.¤ fri adart lit. death against a pillow i.e., natural death: iss é aen dochúaidh b.¤ fri hadhart díbh é, Cóir Anm. 64. b.¤ do rinn death by the sword: fuair b.¤ do rinn, BNnÉ 226 § 126 . b.¤ do rinn na féile fuair `the sharp point of his own generosity which slew him', Magauran 1174 . b.¤ di thairr death in childbirth: bās mnā fothlai no forcuir no fuataig di thairr, ZCP xv 350 § 39 , cf. Laws v 486.9 , 488.1 Comm. In expression fót báis (specific, sometimes destined) place of death (see M. Carney, Arv (Journal of Scandinavian Folklore, Uppsala) xiii (1957) 173): ar a fhod bais, ZCP x 32.8 . go fód a bháis do bhiadh sin / ag triall ar áis no ar éigin, Book of O'Conor Don, 230b.

With prepp. íar fácbáil a thigernai lia a námtiu i mb.¤ dead at the hands of his enemies, BDD² 1524. D. . . . a mb.¤ ona braithrib fein `died by his own brothers', RC xvii 388.11 (Tig.). fri re ciana i mbas, Fen. 176.17 . ┐ e 'sa mbas while he was dying, BCC 414.3 . foracbad iarom A. . . . fri b.¤ `then A. was left . . . dying', Ériu xii 166.2 . turbuid . . . lega do neoch biss fri bas, Laws i 266.z .

Attrib. g s.: ind ibair báis neimnich `the deadly poisonous yews', Sg. 33b11 . do ceitri beimennaibh brigmura bais `mortal blows', ZCP vi 46.9 . galar bāis a mortal illness, TFrag. 14.1 . pairithis bháis, ZCP v 229.10 ( Midnight court 950 ). In expression mac báis, oppd. to mac bethad, see macc). As accus. (but perh. in Trip.² 444 below with dat.) of vbs. téit, fo-gaib dies: tiagait báas n-anapaig, Wb. 11d12 . a mb.¤ tiagmeni, 15b28 . irlaim do dul baís cach dia gl. morientes, 16a3 . a techt bas (sic) ind, Trip.² 444. o ro gab gaisced co ndeochaid b.¤ , LU 9044 ( FB 79 ). in bas dochoid in cetri, Rawl. 163a29 . is bec na dechaid dianbas (: ssás) she almost died a sudden death, SR 1720. b.¤ sochraid do thecht dó `to die an honourable death' (Gloss.), PH 6544. scolóc . . . o muintir fen fuair bas, RC xvii 375.27 (Tig.). ba derb lais conid bas foruair Sir L., x 186.32 . do horduigheadh dona daoinibh aon-uair amháin b.¤ d'fhagháil (= statutum est hominibus semel mori), TSh. 2. fuair F. / b.¤ ann, DDána 64.18 . Note also: dá ndeach le b.¤ mbeannaighthe (a mb.¤ bh., v.l.) `if he depart by a blessed death', Studies 1918, 282 § 16 .

Compds. ¤chaín having a gentle death: Cairpri B. .i. b.¤ caín fuaír `a gentle death', Cóir Anm. 64. ¤étach grave-clothes: ceanguilte ris an bháiséadach, John xi 44 (ed. 1828, earlier edd. have ris a nais-). -guin act of wounding fatally; deadly wound: iongnadh leo, 's gan a mbás-ghoin, BNnÉ 153.27 . a mmír ṁbastidbarthae ` death-bringing ', Ml. 76a16 .

1b bró

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1b bró or dil.ie/6877

Of people or objects dense mass; multitude, crowd, company, phalanx: b.¤ .i. iomad, O'Cl. ? bro .i. bisech ` increase ', O'Dav. 331. de betho bróu (bro, v.l.) `from the crowd of the world', Imr. Brain 29. ? hine bron dian degduine, Ériu vii 199.1 . it bróin dírmai, BDD² 284 = hit broí d., LU 6776. in gach mbróin sesmuigh sleg-aigbēil dīb, ML² 1711 . a Ferguis d'an bidba b.¤ `that hast enemies in number', SG 248.13 . b.¤ ṡagh, IGT Decl. ex. 911. b.¤ bhord ┐ b.¤ bheinsi, 34 . bro do bhoghaibh `a dense mass of bows', Magauran 3611 . bro bhadhbha . . . bratac, Caithr. CC 11. o bhroin bhoth `from the clustered bothies', Magauran 402 . idir bhróin reann, DDána 91.51 . co rabatur fó bróin scéith ┐ claidim . . . fa Finn mac C. `they were a mass of shield and sword . . . around F.', Fianaig. 86.28 . docunnuic na nai cét . . . cona mbroín sciath ┐ cloidem acu, ZCP xiii 224.13 . do chonncatar O B. ┐ a chlann ina mbroin sgiath ┐ claidemh chuca astech `in a body with shields', etc. L. Chl. S. 9. b. ¤churraig moss (?): do lín sboingia de (.i. bró curraidh a canoin gaeidhilgi noch súighus ┐ gabus gach uile fliuchaideacht noch curter innti) , Celtica vii 177 .452 . tucadh fínegra ┐ domblas ae a sboingia do .i. a mbroin chuiredh (leg. churraidh) a mbarr shlaite , Smaointe B. Chr. 4141 , Celtica vii 184 . ? Cf. co lluid itir cobrad ┐ brōin in scēith, TBC-I¹ 1512 `between the rim (?) and the body of the shield', Faraday; `between the boss and the centre of the shield´ TBC-I² 173 .

Compds. ? dideirn (.i. dot gráin) bródeirg brufitir, LU 10388 (Tochmarc Emere) = brodercc, ZCP iii 256.26 .

bibdu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bibdu or dil.ie/5851

Forms: bidba, bibdid, bibdad, bidhba, bidbad

n d, m. later bidba . See Pokorny, KZ xlvii 163 , GOI § 203 , 323.4 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 6c21 . n pl. bibdid, 2a14 , Ml. 45b10 , 62d5 , 143b1 (see note), bibdaid, 114d4 . g pl. bibdad, Ml. 49d12 . bidhba m., IGT Decl. § 21.

(a) one who is guilty, liable, condemned; a criminal, culprit: gl. rei Ml. 70a3 , 114d4 . gl. obnoxii, 45b10 . 143b1 . bidba graece bitheumatur (sic, for bi-θάνατος , Corm. Tr. 23 ) .i. bis mortuus. adrolli a bás fo dí, Thr. Ir. Gl. 8. reus cach bidba , Metr. Gl. 4.25 . `ciol' bás is `biodhbha' leatrom, 28.43 . dede hi roptar bibdaid som .i. in dermut gnimae ṅdæ . . . gl. dupliciter rei, Ml. 124c2 . cach bidba ina chinta do neoch no ḟuasnabad cáin, Thr. Ir. Gl. 30 s. Mogh Eime . genti bidbaid bertar (ber(r)thair, v.ll.) pagans (who are) guilty (?), Fél. Prol. 175. in b.¤ ┐ in cintach na chinaid ┐ logad da anmain `the guilty and the criminal for his crime [to be forfeit],' RC vi 165.7 ( LU 9783 ). bidbaid duit-siu sind uile we are all responsible for you, TFerbe 219 . sreth a salmaib . . . / do escaini, mod cen cleith, / ond eclais for cach mbidbaid, Hib. Min. 45.7 . biodhbha do leanb Moire mé, DDána 31.26 . In legal contexts: bidbu cach leices bidbudu he who lets criminals escape is himself a culprit, Laws i 12.20 . mani eirre bidbaid . . asren fine a llānfīachu īar mēitt a chinad, Cáin Ad. 47. fo cerdcar crann forro . . . dus cia dib do toth bidba do tabairt `the guilty party' (viz. a savage animal), Laws iv 102.16 Comm.

With follg. gen. of law, rule, etc.: bídba thimmna Dé `guilty of breaking God's commandment', Trip. 396. 3 . b.¤ rechta, SR 6861. comadh bidhbu in ríghrechta Romhánaigh. . . . Césair that C. was guilty as regards the Roman state, CCath. 224.

In phr. b.¤ báis (cf. Lat. mortis reus) (one) condemned to death, deserving of death: ar ba b.¤ leusom intí nád imdibthe, Wb. 1d15 . atbert robo bidba b.¤ di nach eperad fris, Thr. Ir. Gl. 28. is bidba b.¤ do Dīa ┐ do dōinib, Ériu i 218 § 3. bidhbha bais ┐ . . . fogarthach a hErinn, IT iii 198 § 55. fir bidhbuidh báis `men deserving of death', RC x 90.14 (ICM). bar bibdaith bāis ind you are doomed to death for him (?), ZCP viii 311.5 . is bídbha dingmhala bais tú (said by the Jews to our Lord), Smaointe B. Chr. 3668. Note also: ba bidba troch co trom-neim `a culprit fated to evil doom', Metr. Dinds. iii 172.14 .

(b) In Laws also of opposing party in action, claim, etc. defendant (opp. to feichem toicheda plaintiff): indligidh dono don bidbaidh a elodsum im dlighedh `defendant', Laws i 114.20 Comm. da-rad in fechem toicheda fein fuilled cairde do'n bidbaidh, v 378.z Comm. ce beth cin co beth caemachta imgabala ag bidbuid, 150.8 , 9 Comm. mani uil i seilb in bidbad anarra is deisse re feichemuin toicheda, 420.29 Comm.

(c) enemy: atcosnatis bidbad būaid `victory over their foes', Fianaig. 10.19 . claidbiu balcbéimnechu fri bibdadu, LU 7735 (= BDD² 1270 ). re hilar a bidbad re himad a námat, LU 6281 ( TBC-I¹ 1779 ). bidba na crich ba nessom duit oc breith do ṡlait, TBC-LL¹ 9. duni is mó is bídba d'Ultaib, CRR 18 , cu roissem ár ṁbidbadaib, MU² 322. ri cech ṁbidbaid bás `to every foe death', PRIA xix 552 § 44 ( LL 18656 ). bidbaid bunaid hereditary foes, Acall. 6704. Troiandaig sindi . . . ┐ bidbuidh duind Laitinda, Aen. 1841. atáid trí bidhbaid am bun, IGT Decl. ex. 785. (to death) a bhíobha an chine dhaonna, Measgra D. 66.20 . fá biodhbha biothfhoghlach ar Ulltachaibh é feadh a ré, Keat. ii 3188.

Legal: teac bidbad eli `the house of another enemy' (of the injured man, excluded from the rule of othrus), BCrólige 23 Comm.

Attrib. g s.: dos-ratais i cró bidbad iat in an enemy pen (sc. the iron house), MU² 884. See fópairt.

bidba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bidba or dil.ie/5866

x see bibdu.

? cési

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? cési or dil.ie/8834

ind in sechtmad béim tuc Brandub bidba c.¤ (: Dési), LL 6978 .

1 do-tuit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-tuit or dil.ie/18533
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tuit, dotuit, dothuit, dufuit, fora-tuit-som, dotuitet, dofuitet, dofuittet, tutet, dofuited, dofutitis, nothuititis, dorothuus-[s]a, co táthais, do-foth, día toth, arna-tta, torthissem, dotodsat, todsat, torthaiset, torchror-sa, dotodsinn, -faetsath, dorótsad, dorodsad, condo[d]sitis, dofoethus, dofoethus-[s]a, do-faethus-sa, tōithus, toethus, dofáithais, dafaethais, táithis, condoethais, taethais, dotóeth, dofóeth, dofaeth, dofaeth, tāith, thaeth, toeth, thóitis, tartais, taethais, dofaethsaid, taethaisti, dothoetsat, dofoethsat, dofaethsat, do-thaethsat, dofaesat, toethsat, inid-toetsat, dofaethsaind, dofaithesté-su, dofaethaisté-su, dofáithsad, dofaethsad, dofoetsat, tóethsad, toetsad, taethsad, thoithsad, táetsatais, taetsaitis, toethsitís, tōitsitis, torchar, torchair, torchar, docer, dacer, doceir, docair, tocair, dicer, dochear, dorochair, dorochoir, tarrochair, torchar, torchar, torchair, condorchair, trochair, dorochrobair, docertar, docerddatar, diceratar, doceradur, dorochratar, torchartar, con-torchratar, torcratar, con-drochradur, docersat, dorochairset, torchuirsit, dororchair, drorcradatar, drorcradar, do-ciuchratar, do-certar, docher, torchair, atorchair, drochair, itorchair, totuiter, tuiter, tuitim, tuit-, toit-, tuit, car-toit, rotuitset, bhacear, focera, rafoethus, rafaethais, rofaeth, rofaethsaind, rofaitsad, rofaethsad, taeth-, faeth-, taethur-sa, thaethad, taethfaid, taethfaid, taothfadh, do-aothfadh, rothaith, rothóeth, taethsat, thaethsadar, thaetsadar, faoithfead, faothfas, fāidhfit, do-faeth, dofoeth, dofuithebsa, chear, docearadh, chear, concearadar, torcrad

v (* to-tuit-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 656 , see Bergin, Ériu x 193 , GOI § 543 ). Ipv. 2 s. ná tuit , Imr. Brain § 30 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dotuit, Sg. 71a9 . dothuit, Wb. 4d15 . dufuit, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii § 4). dofuit, TBC-I¹ 738 , 3001 ; Trip.² 1292 , etc. fora-tuit-som, Wb. 4d15 . 3 pl. dotuitet, O'Dav. 738 . dofuitet, TBC-I¹ 2127 , 2952 . dofuittet, LL 246b45 . nad tutet , Sg. 50a7 . Impf. 3 s. intan dofuited , BB 368b39 . 3 pl. dofutitis, LU 9403 . nothuititis, TBC-I¹ 1417 (LU).

Subj. pres. 1 s. (with -ro-) dorothuus-[s]a, Ml. 23c23 . 2 s. co táthais, TBC-LL¹ 1836 (so Ped.; from do-autat, Wind.). 3 s. do-foth, CB 164 § 45 gl. 1 . día toth, Bechbretha 68 § 30, 134 § 34 n. arna-tta, Mon. Tall. 159.35 . 1 pl. (with -ro-) na torthissem , Wb. 32c16 . 3 pl. dotodsat, Ml. 124d12 . arna todsat , 118a12 . (With -ro-) arna torthaiset , Críth G. 303 . With stem do-cer-: 1 s. dep. co torchror-sa , SR 1533 . Impf. 1 s. dotodsinn, Ml. 131b7 . 3 s. -faetsath, BDD² 792 . (With -ro-) dorótsad, LU 4870 = dorodsad, TBC-I¹ 382 . 3 pl. condo[d]sitis. Wb. 5b11 .

In Mid.Ir. the fut. and cond. are generally used in place of subj. Fut. 1 s. dofoethus, LB 126b33 . dofoethus-[s]a, Rawl. 142a48 . cia do-faethus-sa , RC xiii 8.14 . conna tōithus , xxiii 316 . toethus, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . 2 s. dofáithais, TTr.² 757 . dafaethais, CRR § 54 . co táithis , TBC-I¹ 1619 LU = condoethais, YBL. dia taethais , Aen. 2923 . 3 s. dotóeth, Thes. ii 248.8 . dofóeth, LU 9877 . dofaeth, LL 13973 . dofaeth, Laws i 142.2 . co tāith , Goid. 105.3 ( teth, 5 ). meni thaeth , CRR § 5 . ní toeth , RC x 64 . cia thóitis (rel.), Acall. 6880 . ( taetais, ZCP v 524.11 = tartais, Ériu xii 146 . ) taethais, Cog. 92.11 . 2 pl. dofaethsaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.21 . taethaisti, Anecd. iii 72 . 3 pl. dothoetsat, LL 249a40 . dofoethsat, SR 8289 . dofaethsat, TTr.² 544 , 757 ; AFM ii 1158 (poem). do-thaethsat, BDD² 698 . dofaesat, LL 146b30 . toethsat (absol.), SR 8161 . inid-toetsat, LL 292a29 . Condit. 1 s. dofaethsaind, TTr.² 316 . 3 s. dofaithesté-su, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . dofaethaisté-su, 4331 . 3 s. dofáithsad, LL 13999 . dofaethsad, 52 ; TBC-I¹ 1514 , 2434 . dofoetsat, -sad, TBC-I¹ 1091 , 1251 (LU). ní tóethsad , 1857 LU. co toetsad , 2933 . co taethsad , Fél.² lxxv 29 ; TBC-I¹ 2482 . mani thoithsad , TTr.² 1171 . 3 pl. arna táetsatais , Anecd. i 75.16 . co taetsaitis , TBC-LL¹ 2819 . ni toethsitís , TBC-I¹ 1858 LU. arna tōitsitis , Mon. Tall. 157.32 .

Pret. and perf. (from *to-cer-) 1 s. co torchar , Trip.² 1435 . 2 s. hi torchair (-i- faint in MS.), LU 6039 . co torchar , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.10 . 3 s. docer, Thes. i 493.26 ( Tur. 131 ). dacer, 29 . doceir, LL 274 , 1333 . docair, ACL iii 340 § 36 . tocair, Ériu ii 16.15 . dicer, viii 178.5 . dochear, AU 516 . dorochair, Thes. i 485.27 ( Tur. 19 ); Sg. 29a8 ; SR ; TBC-I¹ , etc. dorochoir, Thes. ii 236.27 . tarrochair, TBC-I¹ 1570 LU. anna torchar , Ml. 34c14 . i torchar , TBC-I¹ 2953 . co torchair , SR 6398 , cf. 5401 , 585 ; TBC-I¹ passim . condorchair, Ériu v 242.159 . i trochair (with metath.), Anecd. iii 61 . 2 pl. dorochrobair, SR 3608 . 3 pl. docertar, TBC-I¹ 2925 . docerddatar, LL 299b9 ( RC xiii 50 ). diceratar, Ériu viii 178 . doceradur, Lec. 203a17 . dorochratar, Ml. 36d13 . con torchartar , Ardm. 18a1 ( Thes. ii 262.1 ). con-torchratar, Ml. 48c28 . i torcratar , AU 833 . con-drochradur, ZCP viii 540.30 . Later with s-forms: docersat, LL 182b39 ; Rawl. 82b36 . dorochairset, Lec. 62a1 . torchuirsit, Fianaig. 92.6 . With doubling of -ro-, dororchair, ZCP i 103 . 15 ; ITS v 78 . drorcradatar, drorcradar, Celt. Rev. iv 16.2 , 9 . do-ciuchratar they fell, LU 4392 seems a contamination of do-certar and fut. stem of fo-ceird, cf. fochiuchra, 4583 ( TBC-I¹ 76 ). Forms docher and torchair continue in use to beginning of Mod.Ir. (Keating, FM) in sense was killed ; oft. with pref. ad-: atorchair (atrochair, drochair). itorchair, Ériu v 222.36 .

Pass. pres. s. totuiter, Sg. 71a14 . hi tuiter , 71a11 , cf. 12 , 13 .

Vn. tuitim.

Later treated as a simple vb. with stem tuit-, toit-: ro tuit , Mon. Tall. 157.10 . car-toit, LL 138b30 , pl. rotuitset (-etar, -setar).

Irregular forms.

(a) In LL do- is replaced by fo- in pret. 3 s. bhacear, TBC-LL¹ 4052 . focera, 1443 ; by ro- freq. in fut. and cond. forms with f: 1 s. rafoethus, TBC-LL¹ 4597 . 2 s. rafaethais, 3485 . 3 s. rofaeth, SG 384.7 (LL). Cond. 1 s. rofaethsaind, BB 422a39 . 3 s. rofaitsad, LL 166a53 . rofaethsad, TTebe 2852 .

(b) The fut. stem taeth- (toeth-) and occas. faeth- are somet. used as general stem of vb.: acht co taethur-sa , LB 112a20 . min thaethad , Lec. 421b43 . taethfaid, MR ( FDG 63 ). taethfaid, RC xxiv 282 . taothfadh, CRR 98.7 . do-aothfadh, ZCP x 288.7 . rothaith, Leb. Gab.(i) 98 . rothóeth, RC xiv 62 § 76 . cor taethsat , CCath. 133 ( cor thaethsadar , Todd Nenn. 46.7 , leg. thaetsadar and see do-tét). faoithfead, ML 100.17 . faothfas, 120.25 . ? fāidhfit, Cog. 92.10 . do-faeth he fell, Fen. 406 . dofoeth, Metr. Dinds. iii 320.35 . mun tí taoth 'about the one who has fallen' IGT Verbs § 21 (192.252) , Fil Súil nGlais 47 . nochor taeth, IGT Metr. faults § 25 . taeth fothannán ard dáenbhuille, Fil Súil nGlais 50 § 15 . Cf. also dofuithebsa, Ériu v 240.148 .

(c) The pret. root cer- also appears independently in a few cases in late texts: ó chear , Ó Bruad. i 102 (pret. pass. docearadh, 204 ). níor chear , A. Ó Dálaigh lv 24 . concearadar, Lec. 276a13 .

See IGT Verbs §§ 21 , 79 .

Falls ; gl. Lat. cadere, Sg. 71a9 ; concidere, Ml. 48c28 ; dēcidere, 23c23 ; corruere, 34c4 .

(a) In lit. sense: docer in biail dia samthig issam-muir, Tur. 131 . co torchair-seom isa cend, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . co torchair ina ligi, TBC-I¹ 1196 . co torchair a etach ṅde, 1202 . rotuit in tenid he fell into the fire, Mon. Tall. 157 (§ 72) . do mod ernaight[h]e co taothsad do déra, ZCP iii 30 . attaig Deain co tāith in tempul . . . guidfet-sa Crist co rotuite, Goid. 105 . dia teth tempul Deane erumsa, ib. da taet lindi tigi na Tebi if the houses of Thebes fall by our efforts, TTebe 2592 . ó atbath mac Eogain . . . dofaethsat cella Connacht, SG 65 . omna dorochair i Fidgable forsin chonair, Hy. v 69 Comm. mar cnái cáich tuitis do chronn, ZCP ix 486 . mad a n-aimser mesa, dothuite[d] mes in tire i n-aon aidche used to fall (from the trees), Laws i 24 . dorochair a claideb al-lāim Conculainn, RC iii 182 . rothuitsetar ar n-airm as ar lamaib, TTebe 1990 . dofuit sís . . . trethan tromm, SR 8113 . ce dofāidsad snāthat for lār in taige, Ériu iv 30 . dofuititis écne móra asin tsruth anuas for talmain, RC x 58 . dorochradar a cuirp i fudomain in mara, CCath. 2122 . tuitfeamaoid ré fánaidh amhail na huisgeadha, TSh. 49 . indar lat dofoethsad an talam fo cossaib, TTr.² 1846 . co taeth nemh dochum talmhan, Aen. 2966 . dia taethsad nem for an lár, BColm. 70 . Of fig. motion: tocair menma ōm t[h]uathaib | isin iat[h] i nIrlūachair my mind has fallen away from my people to the meadow, Ériu ii 16 . nach bág forsa torchair mo menmae, Fél. Ep. 361 . Of gramm. case (to transl. cadere): lase dotuit ind ainmnid, Sg. 71a9 . Falls out: dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn, Thes. ii 248 . caillech agar tuitidar a fiacla, 23 P 10, 100.x . ma tuit an findfad le gēri an galair, 61.26 .

(b) Transf. falls, abates, subsides: arnatta do saogal, ni do tórmuch forsind fitt teirc sin so that thy life fail not, Mon. Tall. 159 . rotuit in cath leth ar leth the battle subsided on both sides, CCath. 2216 . da mad toraib rotuited clothgnima Conaill gan congbháil, MR 150 . o toirmisc na hoileamna tuitid na baill ┐ tic an ḟpairilis the limbs give way (?), 23 P 10, 24b34 . da duite an bríg tochlaitheach if the appetite fails, 147rb16 .

(c) Esp. falls, perishes, is killed; usually but not exclusively of death in battle, oft. with LA of agent: cath Findas i trochair Fiachra, Anecd. iii 61 . dofaoth an t-saoi is in daoi bonn fri bonn, Cog. 204 . taethfaid uili, fer, meic mnā | a ndigail in lechta-sa, RC xxiv 282 . at ē sin rīga docersad isin chath sin, Todd Nenn. 52 . go ndrochair gach damhna glan | do sgothaibh calma Cruachan, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 170 . cia thoitis don chlaidim? who will fall by the sword? Acall. 6880 . dofaeth rí din gāi sin, RC iii 178 . co rothérna indiu Molling, | ní thaeth do rinn ná d'faebur, SG 388 . cia dorochair Congal caech | mōr laech adrochair da rind, Ériu v 244 . dothuit fer cach lái leis, TBC-I¹ 1367 . docer la Meidb dā fer dēac dīib, 2903 . meni thaeth Ailill is Medb lemsa, CRR 5 . deimhnigh-si lat . . . co taet-som lium-sa cia dofaethur-sa laisim, RC xiii 8 . connā tōithus la fianna that I may not fall by the F., RC xxiii 316 . toitfet-sa leo nō buaidheochad forra, ZCP vi 34 . ní tarla fris riam trēn nā taetsat leis, Ériu v 152 . Dubh ┐ Finn . . . torchradar le hEoganacht, ZCP viii 119 . dororchair linne an biodhbha, ITS v 78 . dona cathaib a ndrochradar ┐ dona rīgaib ler' thoitsead, Lec. 575b10 . adeir . . . cor-thoit Eochaid Dala re Tindi, 352a36 . deich míli mora . . . dorochratar oc Dauíd fell by David, SR 5912 . mac Máil 'car toit Tuathal, LL 138b30 = rer-thoit, Lec. 398b30 . dofóeth Eógan már do láim Beinne, PRIA xix 534 ( LU 9877 ). torchratar . . . do láim Láegaire, Fianaig. 92 . gia dofaithesté-su dá lámaib, TBC-LL¹ 4321 . ba hind docersat a maic for that (deed) his sons perished, LL 146a18 . acht co torchror-sa . . . im' chinaid, im' tharimthecht, SR 1533 = acht co taethur-sa, LB (wrongly expanded taethairsa, MacCarthy 62 ). dofuitt di daigir he shall perish by lightning, ZCP xii 237 . gurab do chuma a mic torchair he died of grief, ALC ii 392 . il-Letha dorochair mo Chellóc died, Fél. Mar. 26 . congab i nDomnach F. ┐ bái and con-torcratar trí fichit fer leiss dia muintir till threescore men of his community had fallen there beside him, Trip. 190 = torchartar, Trip.² 2239 ( Thes. ii 242 ). tám thend | i torchair ár fer nhErend, MacCarthy 158 . arna toitsitis an aes pende, Mon. Tall. 157 .

(d) In theol. sense of transgression: i ndithrub parduis dorochair Adam: i ndíthrub in domuin dano asreracht Críst, Tur. 19 . dotoith fēin gu n-a sil annsin (of Eve), Lib. Flav. ii 4va13 .

(e) Of fig. relations falls (into a state, under a rubric, etc.): na torthissem i n-apthin, Wb. 32c16 . dorochair a gnuisi a toirrsi ┐ i nduba (= concidit vultus eius, Gen. iv 5 ), Lec. 530b49 . rotoit bantigerna i lubra galair, RC x 186 . na dāine noch dotoit a teas imurcrach who become over-heated, 23 F 19, 27vb32 . dorochrobair for cinaid ye have fallen into sin, SR 3608 . ná tuit fri lige lesce, Imr. Brain § 30 . bid hí Silend táeth don tur that shall run dry (?), Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . inna hí nad tutet isna gnúsi remeperthai that do not fall into the species aforesaid, Sg. 50a7 . dorochair i ndílsi di it has fallen into propriety to her (i.e. become her special name), 29a8 . anni nognathaigheth cāch . . . dorochair i ndilsita do, Hib. Min. 168 . dorochratar uile i ndilse, Laws iv 178 .

(f) falls (to the lot, share, etc., of) with dat. infd. pron.: di chor cruinn dacer dul issam-muir the lot fell to him to go into the sea, Tur. 132 . Usually with DO (less oft. CO, OC): dofaeth in corp . . . marb coem do chill Cromglaisse, Anecd. iii 62 . docer a forbba dia flaith, Rawl. 119b18 . dorochair . . . do Bricriu dénam na flede, IT ii2 173 . focerdar crann . . . dūs cia dīb dototh bidba do tabairt to which of them the guilty party should be given, Laws iv 102 Comm. dorochair doridise na Lée . . . do chlannaib Néill, SG ii 471 . Inis Eoghain . . . dorochair co Cenel cConaill ó chéin mháir, Hugh Roe 232 . dothuiteadar na comhairthadha chugam-sa a n-ionadaibh taithneamhacha the lines have fallen unto me, Psalms xvi 6 . co ndorchair ic MacErca in ingen, BB 208b19 . rotuit an ferand agan ecclais osin alle, BNnÉ 315 § 8 .

(g) With FOR falls upon, comes upon; devolves on: ní toeth (thaed, v.l.) aess foraib age will not fall upon you, RC x 64 . torchair cotlud forsin slóg, LU 3274 ( SCC § 7 ). atrochair a shuantoirrthim codluta fair, CCath. 1451 . dororchair lupra ┐ trūaigi for Conall, ZCP i 103 . do thuit úathbás dorchaduis mhóir air, Gen. xv 12 . do thuitsedar taisi ┐ tāimnēlla bāis air, CF 341 . bedidh leth-lān ngell dotuit for cāch, Laws ii 136 . athgabail fir for a tuit rōi on whom falls the obligation of fighting a duel-ordeal (?), i 194 . do thuit trom na creach do chur don champa . . . air it fell to his lot to send . . ., Rel. Celt. ii 196 .

(h) falls, lapses, is forfeited or lost: (deut. forms given here could also be referred to 2 do-tuit), in Laws oft. with ó of loser: dotuitet cáire sheep are forfeited, O'Dav. 738 . ba de dochear magh Midhe, AU 516 (poem). taethais do ferann ar do anacul thy land shall be lost, ZCP v 524 (= tartais thou hast given, Ériu xii 146 ). co roícthur in cethruime dorochair isin fes which was forfeited for the feeding, Laws i 224 Comm. is uada tuitit na ba he forfeits the cows, 104 . dofuit athgabail (.i. dotuit athgabail ōn fir is cintuch), ii 18 . dorochair a cuitigh bunaid uaithe she forfeited her original share, 396 Comm. o docerr Aimairgin (.i. o dorochuir a raith a baile o A.), v 348 . atait a secht a tuit a eneclann ō cach seven things that deprive everyone of his honour-price, 368 .

(i) In impers. constr. in phrase do-tuit limm fair = that is my wish, object: is fair dofuit lemm-sa, ni reg-sa assin . . ., Trip.² 1293 = is fair d.¤ liúm-sa connā rag . . ., Anecd. iii 36 .

(j) Impers. forms in various senses: huare nád tuiter essib hi tuisliu aili there is no falling from them into other cases, Sg. 71a13 . cia thoiter do thentib ┐ grīsaib fair, ni fes tes ind though fires and embers fall upon it, Ériu ii 114 . Later as pass.: torcrad Mide dia n-echaib the men of M. were unhorsed, Ériu v 238 . gur torcrádh mac rígh na hE. gona mhuintir leo was slain by them, CF Eg. 306 . ar chuid Néill docearadh le cúngcasaibh who fell in course of victories, Ó Bruad. i 204 . na trí Findemnai . . . docertha iar ngliaidh glain | hi cath criaid fria n-athair, Lec. 52b23 .

duine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. duine or dil.ie/19139
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: duine, dune, duini, duni, duine, dune, duini, duiniu, duniu, duinu, duini, duni, duine, duini, duni, duine, duini, doín-, dóini, dóini, doini, dúini, doeni, dóini, doini, dáini, daini, dóinib, doinib, dáinib, dainib, dóenib, dóine, doine, dáine, daine, doeine, dáine, doíne, daíne, duin-, dune, duíne, duine, duinib, nduinib, dúinib, dúini, duini

n io, m. n s. duine, Wb. 4d6 , 8b8 , etc.; Ml. 35c23 , etc.; SR 450 ; PH pass. dune, Ml. 33c12 , 35c33 ; Hib. Min. 433 ; Mon. Tall. 133.24 ; LU 3509 ( SCC § 27 ). duini, SR 3284 , 3601 , 4645 . duni, SR 449 , 2901 ; CRR 18 ; ? IT i 222.11 . a s. duine, Wb. 4d33 , 21b15 ; Ml. 74b14 ; Fél. Ep. 215 ; SR 186 , etc. dune, Hy. v 81 . duini, SR 6236 . d s. duiniu, Ml. 20d2 , 54b2 , 54b11 , etc. Ardm. 17b1 ( Thes. ii 239.17 ); Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.29 ). duniu, TBC-I¹ 1745 LU. duinu, ZCP viii 173.22 . duini, Wb. 4b3 ; SR 7889 . duni, Ml. 49b8 ; LU 3941 ( SCC § 44 ). duine, PH pass. , the usual form in later lang. g s. duini, Wb. 12a29 , b12 ; Ml. 35c31 , 74b13 ; Sg. 28b20 ; Cambr. 37d ; Tur. 86 ; SR 1144 , 7884 . duni, IT i 195.7 , 219.4 ; TBC-LL¹ 3875 . duine, SR 8230 , 8272 (usual form in later lang.). dune, FA § 10 . v s. duini, Wb. 1c8 ; Ml. 70d4 ; LU 4016 ( SCC § 46 ). In pl. with stem doín-. n p. dóini, Wb. 8a14 , 22a30 ; Ml. 69b1 ; Fél. Nov. 6 ; SR 643 ; in dóini , Wb. 12d36 ; Sg. 39a23 . doini, Wb. 33c1 ; Ml. 27d1 , 36d16 , 51d77 . dúini, Mon. Tall. 132.33 . doeni, SR 7781 . a p. dóini, Wb. 20d1 , 28b3 ; Ml. 138c1 ; Fél. Ep. 421 ; FB § 57 . doini, Ml. 51b8 , 55d21 , etc. dáini, Ml. 121c12 . daini, 134d3 . d p. dóinib, Wb. 3a5 , 18c5 , 24d4 ; Ml. 24b3 ; SR 4014 . doinib, Ml. 24b14 , 51d12 ; Sg. 189b9 ; SR 3122 . dáinib, SR 3280 , 3876 , etc. dainib, 964 , 5115 ; FA § 34 . dóenib, SR 3910 , 5364 , 7535 , cf. 448 , 1977 . g p. dóine, Wb. 4d4 , 5c16 , 7c13 . doine, 18c13 ; Ml. 16b12 , 31a12 , 14 ; Tur. 45 , 65 ; Cambr. 37b . dáine, FA § 2 . daine, SR 5920 . doeine, AU 986 . v p. dáine, SR 5536 .

In Mid.Ir. pl. doíne, daíne ( doene, Fél. Ep. 152 LB; TBC-LL¹ 6198 ). Also with stem duin- (in some cases perh. duín- for O.Ir. doín-). collai dune , TBC-I¹ 2056 . = duíne, LU 6571 . cet duine , AU 1042 . do duinib , Laws i 268.2 . iar nduinib , ii 278.21 . ar . . . dúinib , Hy. vii Pref . ( Thes. ii 354.4 ). dúini sruithi, Mon. Tall. 152 .

For divergent explanations of the forms see Vendryes, RC xl 437 , Brugmann, ZCP iii 595 , Borgström, Norsk tidsskrift for Sprogvidenskap xii 83 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 156 .

IGT Decl. §§ 79 , 205 .

Human being , in widest sense, including both sexes; in sing. oft. = man (in general), mankind: gl. homo, Ir. Gl. 953 , cf. 436 ; Wb. 1c8 , 24d4 ; ZCP viii 173.22 (Fulda Gl.). is e in d.¤ cómlan, in fer ┐ in ben, PH 572 . for[s]in d.¤ coitchenn etir firu ┐ mná humankind in general, RC xxv 244 (LU). Adam oenathair na ndoene, | d.¤ rodelb Dia na ndam, LL 136b15 . ó chruthughadh an d.¤ from the creation of man, Leb. Gab.(i) 4 . dorigéni Dia corp duini, Wb. 12a29 . rofitir in Coimdiu . . . noregad d.¤ tar a timna, Ériu ii 108 . go mbiaidh fios ag na cineadhachuibh nách bhfuil ionnta féin acht daóine that the nations may know themselves to be but men, Psalms ix 20 . mac an d.¤ Son of Man, John iii 14 . persan maic de ┐ maic duini, Tur. 86 . mac dé mac duini (of Cú Chulainn), LL 13928 . sainredach do Dia in popul sin sech na huli doini olchenae, Ml. 129c15 . do teasragain dāini an domuin do phecadh, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 14 . di doenib in domuin, LL 38 . Distinguished from beings of a different order: miscais Dé ┐ dóine (d.¤, v.l.), Tec. Corm. 20 . in ní as doirbh le dáinibh is soirbh le Dia, SG 19 . síd do doenaib . . . indocbail Dé, SR 7535 . rí doeni . . . rí aingel, 7781 . fri dóini, fri demnai, Fél. Ep. 152 . conad cruim me ┐ nach d.¤ (= sum vermis et non homo), Corm. Y 212 . ba cumma cū ┐ ech ┐ dune and, TBC-I¹ 2002 . conidh anbecht ma do ḟācsat mil nā d.¤ beast or man, RC xviii 11 (Tig.). aittrebthaige na slebti etir míl ┐ cethra ┐ d.¤ , Alex. 433 . co ffarccabhtha na buailte fása co n-a n-indilibh iar n-écc a ndaoineadh uile, AFM ii 846 (1044) . a l-leth ina bratán robói ┐ a lleth n-aill ina d.¤ , SG 236 . ni fri biasta chathaigmit-ni acht is fri dóini, FB § 37 . ní for fírd.¤ . . . acht is for corth[e] cloche, Hy. v 66 Comm.

gs. and gp. oft. equivalent to adj. human: delb duini , Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 6 . atat brechtrad i ciallaib ┐ i n-indlechtaib d.¤ , Alex. 994 (= in doini, Anecd. v 7 ). cethri cenéla liac . . . co cēil ┐ chosmailius dōine, Ériu ii 114 § 43 . lochrann . . . nad cumgaidis sūile dōine dēicsin, TBC-I¹ 2042 .

To denote a particular individual or class of individuals esp. with adj. ( person, people ): in d.¤ in chainchomraic hí that man of peace, Ml. 61c12 . Nuada drúi ba duni garg, Metr. Dinds. ii 72 . duni óc is alaind dath (of Cú Chulainn), TBC-I¹ 63 . mac óig[e] é ┐ dune amra i n-ecnu, ZCP ix 459 . duni is mó is bidba d'Ultaib, CRR 18 . duini delbda (of a woman), SR 4645 . dúini sruithi elders , Mon. Tall. 132 . ní gabhadh almsana . . . acht becan o dhainibh riaghalda monks , Lism. L. 3395 . fri hōl do dāinib scithaib, Corm. Y 48 . is díomhaoineas clann na ndaóine uirísiol, is bréug clann na ndaóine mór, Psalms lxxii 9 . So too in composition with adjj.: ni bó cáemd.¤ samlaid, LL 13576 . gruaim-d.¤ a surly person, Corm. Y 694 . ní bí errach senduni, Fianaig. 26 . trí fuiric thige degduni . . . thige drochduni, Triads 97 , 98 . ho degdóinib gl. a bonis, Ml. 24b3 . isna droch(o) doini gl. in malos, 4 . do degdóinib fer nEgept, SR 4014 . mnaa ┐ meicc ┐ mindóene, TBC-LL¹ 6198 . do maic, a Medb co mbāide, | bat ríg, bat rodáine great people, LL 7137 . Note also: doi-duine .i. degduine, Corm. Y 450 . In address (esp. to an unknown person or with adj.): a duini sechitú, Ml. 70d4 . cia thu, a dh.¤?, BS 100 . caoin thú féin, a dh.¤ bhoicht, Keat. Poems 597 .

Oft. taking the place of an indef. pron. anyone, with neg. no one ; cech d.¤ everyone: ní fil ní dogné dune, Mon. Tall. 133 . for cech ndāil amra dogni d.¤ , Corm. Y 691 . nocon-ḟitir duni a diach none knows, MacCarthy 142 ( LL 127a ). ni fail dune doddecha none can tell it, Hy. v 81 . ní theighim for aeidhideacht do thig d.¤ , BS 82 . a trede i n-imruimdethar cach d.¤ , Thes. ii 253.11 (Stowe M.). cech d.¤ nosgéba whoever shall sing it, Hy. vii Pref . dúthracht maith do cech duiniu, Ériu i 193 . Folld. by a part. gen. or equivalent, one (of a number, class of people): rogabhsat na demhna d.¤ dona daoinibh robháttar aga loscudh, RC xxv 394 . ní ruc aen-d.¤ do chloind dō, YBL 155b5 . ní minic bhíos cumann trír | gan d.¤ for fhodord bibh without one of them murmuring, BS 108 . Cf. further: cetracha do dáinib do mathaib Cairpre forty of C.'s nobles, RC xvii 369 (Tig.). āilli Caerach inā gach d.¤ di delbaibh na mban, ACL iii 308 .

With poss. adj. to denote a friend, follower, etc.; in pl. of family, adherents, countrymen: mo rí, mo ruiri . . . mo duni álaind inmain, TFerbe 534 . Dia mo ruire, Dia mo rí, Dia mo d.¤ , ZCP vii 269 . mór uireasbaidh mo dh.¤-se ar dhaoinibh, Keat. Poems 937 . a Mhuire . . . féag ar do dh.¤ , A. Ó Dálaigh liii 21 . mo ghéanar as d.¤ di happy he who is one of hers, xlviii 23 . Cend Faelad . . . a dáine fén romarb, ZCP ix 483 . Domnall . . . rí Fortuath Laigen do marbad dia dhainib fein, AU 1043 . dobhér taobh rem dháoinibh fodhéin, BS 122 .

Compds. ¤airecht assembly of people, mote: incuirither co nduinairecht `let it be referred to the court', Laws ii 306 . ¤buale lit. man-fold, a curved line of people (soldiers) formed to enclose or entrap an enemy (?): dunibuali ursloicthi ar cind Conchobair ┐ buden tricho chét ac a íadad dia éis, TBC-LL¹ 5134 (dunbaile, -buaile, v.l.), 5117 (dún buaile, dunbhaile, v.l.). ¤chaithe trespass committed by a person: caithe ceathra ┐ duine-caithe, Laws iv 148 ( .i. na cinta aili doniat na daine hisin ferann, 140 Comm. ). fiach duine-caithe, v 268 Comm. daine-caithib .i. do gait ┐ brisid, 462 Comm. ¤chin crime committed by a human being: rucus d. (.i. in cin do-gēna dune) for rop `ich entschied: Menschen-Vergehen trifft das Tier', ZCP xv 329 § 20 . trí ruip conberat duinechinaid whose trespasses count as human offences, Triads 168 . co fiachaib cach ceathra ┐ duine-chindtaib (.i. . . . na cinta doniat na daine), Laws v 462 . ¤chú lit. man-hound; of warriors: rōinfid fuil fēne fo don | la slūag inna nduinechon, TBC-I¹ 2079 . cath Locha Daim, | hi tóethsat in duinechoin 'the battle of Loch Daim in which the warriors will fall', B. in Scáil² 36 § 11 . ¤delb human shape: ba cáime cech duine-deilb | a cuirp, Metr. Dinds. iii 190 . ¤diglaimm description in verse of a person's form and appearance (?); forming an item in curriculum of the student-bard, IT iii 29 . duine-diglaim .i. diglaim delba in duine, 30 . ¤gabáil human booty, captives (coll.): imá duineghabáil ┐ imá bó-gabáil, SG 343 . dar cenn a broite ┐ a duine gabálai, Alex. 320 . ? ¤gnúis of surface of earth peopled by men: bar dunegnuis in talman `Menschenantlitz der Erde', TBC-LL¹ 5027 (tonngnúis, v.l.). for dunignúis in t., 5975 (tonng., v.l.). bar dunadgnuis in t., 4754 . ¤marbad manslaughter, murder: nā dēna duine-marbad, PH 7470 . lucht in duine-marbtha, 7524 . pian na ndaine marvus a n-aithre . . . ┐ gach dainimarbhadh olchenae, Aisl. Tond. iv 2 . do dēnomh sladaigheachta ┐ duinemharptha, Fl. Earls 122 . See dunmarbad. ¤marbthach murderer, homicide: is duine-m. int-íí dobeir fuath, PH 7483 . See dunmarbthach. ¤pláig torment, destruction of human beings: ro-imretor iaromh duineplaigh forro, ZCP xi 61 . ¤tháide lit. man-stealing, i.e. murder with concealment of the body, secret murder (see Cóic Con. 37 - 39 ): rucus duinithāde cen hēraic, ZCP xv 366 § 52 . fell ┐ fingal ┐ duinethaighe, Laws i 56 Comm. im dindas duinethaide, ima eiric iar fis, 184 . aithne na tunataide, iii 98 . ? Cf. don dunmharbhadh . . . madh a tunnaithigh, O'Curry 285 ( H 3.18 157 ). tuntaidhe .i. tonntaidhe .i. marbadh o nither a taidhe, 1967 ( H 4.22 13 ). féich dunetáiti, Cáin Ad. § 46 . amal rongabsat fingala ┐ duineorcni ┐ duinetáidi, RC xv 488 . Feirgil . . . do mharbhadh i nduinethaide F. was secretly murdered, AFM i 522 , ii 600 , iii 594 . Donnchadh . . . a marbadh i dunathaith do lucht Airtich, AU 1349 (ii 490) . See also duineba(d), duinebás, duinegin, duinorcun, duinorcnid.

1 dúr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dúr or dil.ie/19263

Forms: duir, dúir, dúir, dúir, dúir, dúra, dúru, duirem, dichra, dúrchridi, dúrdoiligh, Durgen

adj o,ā (Lat. dūrus) ? n p m. duir, SR 346 ; Rawl. 88b50 . ?d p m. dúir, SR 6543 (imma nduinib duinnig dúir ). rāid[id] a fír dúir for ṅgair, 3471 is prob. voc. pl. (leg. a ḟir dúir = a ḟiru dúra ). Compar. dúru, SR 8322 . Superl. duirem, Laws v 360 .

In lit. sense of things hard, rigid, solid: benaid . . . co fleisc dúir, FA § 18 . duma nd.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 24 . failet ann tri múir . . . duir imthimchellat riched, SR 346 . domun d.¤ , 7929 , 7970 , 8155 . imm dáil domuin dúir, Imr. Brain ii 301 . hi curp domuin dúir, LL 135a29 ; Rawl. 77b20 . draigen d.¤ , SG 245 (`surly blackthorn'). Of actions, etc. hard, difficult: gním ndétlach d.¤ (of David cutting Saul's garment), SR 6379 . airrechtach cecha debtha dure, LL 118a48 ( Ériu vii 6 ). cath Atha Cro . . . robo dur in deabaig, Lec. 422a26 . Cf. SR 3082 . Intense: dessid Dornmar, d.¤ a graimm, Metr. Dinds. iii. 90 . frasa dura der, KMMisc. 323 § 11 = f. dichra, p. 318 . As adv.: roghuidhiusa hí co d.¤ ┐ co dichra insistently , Ériu v 148 . táncatar co d.¤ ┐ co dichra, LL 224b1 . do gabsat co d.¤ ┐ co díchra ag díthiugad na n-allmarach, SG 358 .

Hard to bear, rigorous, severe: i nhiffern nd.¤ , SR 1764 . aitreb ifeirn duir diglaig, Ériu iii 30 . forcetal d.¤ na n-eretecda (= doctrinam duram), PH 4919 , cf. 8281 . scuirset . . . assin dáiri d.¤ daltaig, LL 7a47 = asa daire duir, BB 29a4 . cen d.¤ ndligid (as subst.), LL 45a49 . is d.¤ sin lem-sa I hold it hard, Fen. 290 . d.¤ .i. cruaidh no doiligh, O'Cl.

Of persons and moral qualities, in good sense hardy, firm, resolute: bati dura ac fulang imfochaidhi cāich forro, RC xxiv 174 . sluaig slechta dúir, Rawl. 88b50 . Dauid dána d.¤ , SR 6385 . Daire dur, Corm. Y 970 ; Laws i 4.9 . Maelmorda, a secht déc don d.¤ , LL 33a29 . lecht ḟir déin díchmaig dúir, Metr. Dinds. ii 36 . Dagda d.¤ , 20 . Strict, austere: duine dligt[h]ech dur (of an anchorite), ACL iii 307 § 25 ; cf. AFM 1065 (ii 886 ). Cellān cille Daimcinn duir, Anecd. ii 30 . ? gach egnaidh domanda dur, ZCP v 25 § 14 . In bad sense hard, unfeeling, dour: mo slān sēis don dae nach dur (.i. don fer nach cruaidh), ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). borb ┐ d.¤ o cridhe, PH 4656 . ag cathugud . . . re deman d.¤ , ZCP viii 216 . is d.¤ in cined dāena, | cruaidhi indāt clocha a cridhi, Ériu iii 29 . moet[h]aighfid cride durai, ZCP ix 456 . badb . . . dur duabsech, Cog. 174 . Obdurate, hard to move: a mic duir daill iffirnd, BB 295b38 . daoine dúra doitheagaisg, TSh. 1927 . mná dúra díthlecha, ZCP viii 209 . fri díumus ṅd.¤ ndrocht, Acall. 2964 .

Compds. ¤aingid (O.Ir. andgaid): do shluaigh danair ndúraingidh, Hard. ii 110 . ? ¤bann (band exploit): ba err d. dualach arm | i mbo búadach Dúnlang donn, B IV 2, 80a17 = ba eirr durmann, 3 C 13, 928.5 . pa err dúrmand, B IV 2, 132b10 . See follg. ¤barr (head, chief): focer dūrbarr duabach drem | ba buadach o Dūnlang dond, LL 43a9 . dūrbarr Gaedel cosin gail | Dūnlang mac taebgel Tuathail, Rawl. 85a44 . ¤ bidba : duirbidba `a bitter enemy ', MR 262 . tarēis a danar ┐ a durbidbad do scris, Lec. 589a38 . ¤both: do luigheadh san ghainimh 'n-a dhúrbhoith (of an ascetic's hut or cell), Keat. iii 1638 . dream eile i ndúr-bhothaibh dearóile hovels, TSh. 913 . Cf. úarboth. ¤chathach: in deil d. na tres (of Saul), SR 6115 . ¤choimét: gasradh na nGall . . . imon dorus dia dúrchoimhétt ` closely guarding ', AFM v 1896 . ¤chrábad asceticism: re díchracht a dhúrchrábaidh, SG 18 . ¤chráibthech: dúrchráibteach gan diumsaighe ascetic , SG 32 . ¤chrech: truime durchreich ` cruel loss ', Ó Bruad. ii 146 . ¤chride hardness of heart , Ériu iv 162.21 . As attrib. (prob. g s.) fri druidea dúrchridi , Hy. iii 3 ( Thes. ii 322 ). a doeráin dúrcride dícondircil, PH 3928 . ¤chridech: narbar dúrcridig docheil obdurate , SR 4842 . don duine dúrchroidheach mar chloich, TSh. 1943 . do comraicset co dána dúrcraidech ris stubbornly, resolutely , Acall. 1917 . ba diochra durchroidheach ro feradh (of a battle), Leb. Gab.(i) 268 . rochingsiot go diochra dúrcroidheach do shaighidh an átha, AFM vi 2026 . ¤chridetu: ro-n-ecain [Patraic] . . . dúrcraidhitaid na nGaoidel obduracy , Lism. L. 228 . ¤doilig: dúrdoiligh hard and dour (of Caesar), CCath. 348 . damrad dichell durdhoiligh, 5379 . ¤drend (combat?): seacht cumala do Eilib | . . . | fobithin durdreand cétna | fuair Caisil a trian doib | duirdrend anaill dia tucad, Lec. 126b50 . ¤dul: ba holc a ordd dia d. | ort i nDún Bolgg la Brandub, LL 132b30 (hard departure, i.e. death?). Domnall iar sin fria noi [mbliadna] déc fri d. (: Glúndub), Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 19 . ¤ḟeithem: ag duirfheithemh sceith righ Erenn keeping active watch on, MR 274 . ¤ḟognam hard service, servitude: do chuir fo dhaorcíos dúrfhoghnamh[a] iad, ML 58 . fa daoirchios durfhognamha, ZCP x 277 . ¤gein stout, resolute (?): Diarmait dúrgen, RC xx 10 ( LL 47b13 ); ZCP x 271 . co Diarmait dronmas durgen, Metr. Dinds. iii 8 . dareis Diarmata duirgen, Rawl. 163b12 . Donn durgen, AFM ii 786 (poem). As n.pr. f. Durgen, Metr. Dinds. iii 84.86 . Belach Dúrgein, ib. ¤gleo stiff combat: roferadh duirgleo duilig eturra, Caithr. CC § 55 . tre durgliaig, Lec. 87a44 . ? ¤grés: ceithri randa feasa na filigechta ┐ primaicecht teora mbliadan cach rand dib fo durgres, Lec. 339a14 . ¤mell: durmell (duirmell, -meall, v.l.) dlugthe, IT iii 74 § 33 . ¤mer: le G. nduirmher ` hard-fingered ' (translating mér; rather mer swift, impetuous ?), Leb. Gab.(i) 238 . ¤mían: iar ūa bronntach Airt úi ūir-Néill | dar chairt gan dúirmhéin ré dáimh hard, grudging disposition , 3 C 13, 733.14 . ¤phendit strict penance: viii mbliadna doib ind dúrpendid, Mon. Tall. 132 . áes durphendi, LB 9b7 ( Rule of Tallaght 1 ). arra sechtmaini durpennaiti for usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 490 . ¤ṡlúag: ag dianasgnamh do na durṡlogaibh, MR 226 . ¤tech: a nd. n-úre mean house of clay, Ir. Review 1912, 248 . Cf. dairthech III.

fathi, fáthi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fathi, fáthi or dil.ie/21368
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: faithe

n Here perhaps faithe, IGT. Decl. § 2 . a compd. of 2 tí `circuit,' (but see ZCP xxxi 51 ), meaning primarily an involution, encompassing (?), a wrapping, enveloping (of a garment) (?): brat ... i faithi imbi folded, wrapped (?) TBC-I¹ 3200 . cassán ... i fadi uasu, TBC-LL¹ 5310 = bhi forcibul, TBC-I¹ 3247 (cassán in such contexts regularly means `pin,' `brooch,' TBC may be corrupt here). faithe .i. aoinfilleadh ēdaigh, O'Cl. Cf. cael fathe imenaisc fidhu, O'Dav. 1299 (`a slender fibre' Stokes). By extension a cloak (?): roling C. for a gaisced & rogab fathi immi. in cetna fathi rogab immi romaid fair co torchair a delg asa láim conid and atbert C.: ni bidba bratt beres robud, LL 119a35 - 37 . focheird fathi [fáthi LU] n-imbi, TBC-I¹ 1276 = focheird fáthi ferge dia brutt taris co tarla dar in corthi clochi he whirled his cloak angrily (?) TBC-LL¹ 1983 . cf. ro la fade di leind deirg | a mbi la fe fian for leirg [leg. imbi la fé fiad ?] ZCP xiii 256.19 . foruapratar ... in cathraig co rolasat faithe fiangaiscid impe a valorous circuit (?) Anecd. ii 54.13 . Cf. cend fo chonduala .i. na fathe, O'Mulc. 217 .

Cf. 1 fath.

féchem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féchem or dil.ie/21402
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fechem, fecheman, feichemon, fechemain, fechemain, feicheamna, fecheman, feitheamh, ḟeithemuin, bféitheamhnuibh, -an

n (cf. 1 fíach) n, m., later also as o-stem ( PH 4332 , Keat.), n s. fechem, Wb. 32a21 . Ml. 130d13 . g s. fecheman, Laws i 194.21 . feichemon, Bürgschaft § 51b . d s. fechemain. Ml. 36a29 . n p. fechemain, 45b10 , 134b1 . feicheamna, Laws iv 60.10 . g p. inna fecheman . Ml. 127b1 . n s. feitheamh (féicheamh v.l.), IGT, Decl. § 51 ; a s. mur ḟeithemuin (ḟéicheamhuin v.l.) ex. 1315 . d p. dar bféitheamhnuibh , Matthew vi 12 . one who possesses claims on or is under claims or obligations to another, hence a claimant, creditor or debtor (" Fēichem von fiach `Schuld' bezeichnet sowohl den Gläubiger als den Schuldner, der Dual (oder Plural) beide," Thurneysen, Bürgschaft 15 ; `can mean either of the parties to an obligation, creditor as well as debtor,' Binchy, Críth G. p. 88 ): aitire ... .i. iter da ḟéchemuin (i.e. between a claimant and the person on whom he has claims) Corm. Y 71 . Cid ara n-eper feichem? ... arindi dliges no dligther di (leg. de); ar is feichem cechtar hi (leg. n-aí), Bürgschaft § 49 . In Laws used variously to denote plaintiff, defendant ; in the Comm. the sense is somet. determined by a following gen. e.g. f.¤ toicheda plaintiff, claimant Laws iii 512.3.25 ; iv 36.22 ; 258.31 . aithgin nama dfetham toithid[a], O'Curry 2701 (< Eg. 88, 59) .

(a) one who is under obligations, a debtor: it bibdid nō it fechemain (gl. obnoxii) Ml. 45b10 . fechem (gl. obnoxius) 130d13 . fechemain .i. bibdaid són (gl. obnoxii) 134b1 . at fechem dam (gl. mihi debes) Wb. 32a21 . Cf. is fech, 19d4 , where Ascoli cccxvi reads: is fech[em], understanding obnoxius as implied after a patre of text. amal ḟeichem ṅguach (quasi tergiversator) PH 4843 . na bochta ┐ na féchemain daidbre, 458 . amal logmait-ne diar ḟéchemnaib = debitoribus nostris 7826 . is fo chen aged ḟecheman welcome is a debtor's face LL 122a44 ( RC iii 184.15 ). fuireach feic[h]eamhain [leg. -an] dá ndligeann duir-bidba derb-ḟiacha `the waiting of a debtor who owes a bitter enemy just debts' MR 262.21 . an tan do-ní duine oile cúitiughadh ar son an fhéichimh ris an éilightheóir bí an féicheamh saor óna fhiachaibh, TSh. 4346 . Cf. ...slanadh feibh fechemhan, Ériu xiii 29.21 .

(b) a claimant, creditor: gl. creditor Ml. 127b1 . ní asriad do feichemain ro dligestar ní do anything to pay to a creditor, who had a claim upon him 36a29 . is feichem dogoa `it is the suitor who chooses' Laws v 390.10 . comaittreb ... ina ndrochḟéichem nach logait nach ni dia fiachaib evil creditors PH 4332 . mairg darab féicheamh fear gaoil `the man to whom a relative is creditor' Content. xx 1 . Possibly also: eochair feichim ferann (i.e. land invests its proprietor with claims ?) ZCP vi 270.16 .

(c) This is properly a distinct word 2 fethem (feth-) n m. ( Celtica xi 18-20 ) a law-agent; an advocate (see Thurn., Cóic Con. 71 ; 82 ); common also in a non-legal and fig. sense. Here perhaps: gidh féchemh má firen bidh brethemh do chach ina chennadhaig chrích, Ériu xii 34.11 . fethem [sic leg.] fo mia[d] feicheman `the law-agent [provided by the defendant] must be according to the rank of the law-agent [provided by the plaintiff]' Laws i 266.8 . fo mia in fetheman bis ag agra, 294.11 Comm . don fetham tobaig, O'Curry 2701 (< Eg. 88, 59) . do feichem tobaig, ib . i ndul i fiacha in fethaman tobaig, ib. fer suilbhir ... ┐ féthium fírglicc a skilful pleader CCath. 533 . See also Cóic Con. p. 27 , cited under féchemnas. toghmaid é (sc. Míchéal) mar ḟéicheamhain ` defender ' Dán Dé xiv 7 (< YBL 371a35 ). féchem coitchenn (`a general advocate ' Stokes, RC xviii 79 , or a general creditor, one who lays the community under obligations ?), freq. expression in annals, variously translated ` benefactor', `protector', `guarantor', and `patron:' sai bhruinnti ┐ feichemh coitchenn don ciniud dhaenna AU 1274 . feichem coitcenn im biadh ┐ im ellach, 1307 ; 1365 . feichem coitcenn Iarthair na hEorpa, 1281 (= Ann. Conn.). feichemh coitchenn mna do dāmaibh Ērenn hī 1404 . feichium (feichemh) coitchenn, 1333 ; 1356 (= feichem coitchend do chliaraib Erenn, Ann. Conn. 1356 § 16 ) feichemh coitchenn do thruaghaibh ┐ do thrénaibh, AFM v 1542.2 (cf. feic[h]emhnus coitchend, AU 1443 ). Cf. further; feithemh na fírinne (of Christ), ZCP viii 199.23 ; 'guardian of truth' Celtica xi 21 .

fo-fúasna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-fúasna or dil.ie/22686
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -fúasna, rofuasnaibter, nosfuasnaither, nusfuassnaigther

v -fúasna

(a) agitates, disturbs , in physical and fig. sense: fufuasna fairggae findḟolt tosses the ocean's white hair Thes. ii 290.4 . amal fufuasnither (of sea) Ml. 66d17 . gresis E. na gaetha ... ┐ fuasnaid in talmain ┐ int aer o anfine dimoir, Aen. 220 (leg. fuasnaidther?). ma beth nech fodḟúasna (boduasna, foruasna v.l.) if any one disturb (the order of the chapters) Fél. Ep. 102 (hence: foruasna .i. cumscaighis, O'Dav. 895 ). fafuasna són ┐ faceird dia aicniud perturbs him Ml. 94c8 . nachat-uasnad ... soine na haisnéssen let not ... disturb thee LB 232b36 . ? dia mbi fergi fúasnadar mac F. frind, LU 8652 ( FB 38 ; dep. according to Wind.). día fúasnaither frind LU 8656 (ib.). ma fōsnather trist do tabirt for nech if thou art wroth so as to lay a curse Mon. Tall. § 36 . otchuala in ri inní sein for[ḟ]uasnad co mór, Trip. 42.15 (452) . trén rom-fúasnaidh-si (sic leg.), BS 98.14 . fuasne ar légióna 'you perturb our legions', Stair Nic. 92.234 .

(b) in Laws, attacks, impugns (a contract, etc.): fofuasnaide a curu `she can disturb his contracts' Laws ii 382.1 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 ). itir dā sochond nād fuasnaithter cuir `whose contracts are not impugned' Laws iii 4.10 ( SM Facs. 46a ). cach bidba ina chinta do neoch no ḟuasnabad cáin (= si quis legem violaverit?) Thr. Ir. Gl. 30 = do neoch forsesed a chain no foruasnadfad i (= a) chain, Corm. Y p. 76 (= do neoch foroesad [a cháin], Bodl. See fo-fich). rofuasna bthar adbarta `offerings will be disturbed RC xxvi 38 § 193 (= for-fuasnaighfithear YBL. rofuasnaibter, Rawl.). Impers. pass. with IMM of pers.: nosfuasnaither im Coin Culaind ... oca clostecht sin C. became enraged LU 10477 = nusfuassnaigther , ZCP iii 261 § 88 . otchuala H. in scél sin rofercaiged ┐ rofuasnad co mor imme, LB 144a41 . o atchuala ... in mathair na scela sin ro fuasnad co mor impe, 222b6 .

See fúasnad and fúasnaide.

? 2 leis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 2 leis or dil.ie/29817

ind Fland bidba rīgh l.¤ (? leg. less) tūath, ZCP xiii 26.25 .

mór, már

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mór, már or dil.ie/32548
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: már, mór, mar, mór, moer, mōir, moer, moer, moir, móir, mou, moo, móa, m, mā, mou, mó, má, mote, móti, móite, móide, móitti, moam, moam, maam, maam, máam, moab, moum, mou, mó, má, moosom, moosoun, móir, moir, mór, mórmór, mórmó, mor, mór, māir, móir, mauru, m., mor, máam, mór, mórchatha, mór, mórmór, mórmó

adj o, ā. great . The form már is common in early texts; usual in Sg.; Wb. prefers mór (but: máar, Wb. 12d28 ; in mar , 18a5 a prima manu); in later Mid.Ir. mór prevails. g s m. moer occurs in AU up to 850 beside mōir: Lismoer, AU 591 , 745 , 759 , 832 , 850 ; Cluana moer , 778 ; Roiss moer , 839 . Equative. moir sleb[e] as great as mountains, Ml. 55d11 . Mid.Ir. móir. Compar. mou, Ml. 35c31 , 114b2 . LU 4850 ( TBC-I¹ 362 ). moo, Wb. 3c35 , Sg. 197a11 . móa, Wb. 21d9 . Mon. Tall. § 70 (moa). m, Wb. 6c8 , Ml. 51a2 (usual Mid.Ir. and later form). ni mā , O'Mulc. 257. With de: mou de the greater , Ml. 40c11 , 61c8 . mó de, Wb. 29c4 . má de, Sg. 2a7 . mote, SR 1535. Usual Mid.Ir. form móti, TBC-LL¹ 3303 ; móite, 3752 , later móide; móitti, BColm. 80.1 . Superl. as moam (gl. maxima), Ml. 109c4 , cf. 92c5 . moam, LU 1704. as maam , Ml. 99b5 . maam, LL 36a2 . in máam (gl. primum), Wb. 1c20 (a prima manu). moab, LU 7193 ( BDD 87 ). moum, IT i 144.20 . Later (is) mou, mó, má ( SR 7998 ). moosom, Auraic. 658 = moosoun, 3270 (YBL) is an artificial form. Stokes takes the follg. exx. as compar. and superl. respectively: nos-geib imecla móir ┐ ómon `greater terror', RC x 56.8 ( LU 1897 ). anba moir do na hécnib `the largest of the salmon', 60.3 ( LU 1920 ); prob. a mistake for mór in both cases.

Often doubled for sake of emphasis: mórmór very great , compar. mórmó (mómó).

I As adj.

(a) big, great , of size, quantity or extent, physical or moral: mor, gl. magnus, Ir. Gl. 663. mór, gl. magnum, 809 . mor .i. moo a iur .i. a feoil (i.e. corpulent), Corm. Y 909. bun cruinn mair, Thes. ii 295.14 ( SP v 13 ). cruim már a big worm, Sg. 47b6 . deug m.¤ a great draught, Ml. 94c12 . iar lassair máir a great flame, 40c5 . gabais liic mair (móir LU), TBC-I¹ 889. tech mór, SCC 33. coirm tíre máir, IT i 133.1 ( LU 10857 ). immad már, FB 29. drong mor, PH 848. at móra na haibni ┐ na huscida, CRR 6. na móra finna tall fair women, ZCP viii 113.4 . amal as már a galar, Ml. 40b9 , cf. 56b26 . i ndigaid flechud mór after great rains, 81c3 . it móra mo chinaid, Fél. Ep. 387. do ghabh aga imdheargadh do bhriathruibh móra blustering (?), Comp. CC 127.27 . amser már a long time, LL 125b49 . céin móir a great while , IT i 73.14 . fri cíana móir, LU 3289 = SCC 8 (where we should expect: móra). etir bec ┐ m.¤ both small and great, Ml. 114b17 . cid bec cid már (gl. quantitas), Sg. 28b7 . immar fa bec whether it be great or small, 73a16 . o bicc co mor, PH 4333. mór ní a great thing, in Glosses used adverbially = greatly: hóre ron-soír-ni . . . mór ní bes n-adblamu foir ar soírad much readier will he be to save us (lit. will our salvation be on him), Wb. 2d14 . cia fíu .i. mór ní (gl. quam), Ml. 146d1 , cf. 17b13 . gl. quanto, 80a5 . mor .i. maith, ut est . . . cen marca mára, O'Dav. 1237 seems due to misunderstanding of the quotation.

Common in geographical names, e.g. Lismór. ardespuc na hAlaxandrech Moire Alexandria, PH 28. comthinol na hAssia Moire, 6 , cf. 199 , 2529 (in all cases of Asia Minor, as distinct from the Roman province of Proconsular Asia = Asia Bec).

Equative. ba móir choire ndarta cechtar a nda odbrand as big as, LL 252b25 . combo móir béolu midchuaich, LU 4882 = mor, TBC-I¹ 395 YBL. LL 290a41 : ní mórithir, transld. `not so great' by Stokes, RC xiii 452.1 , 'not so many', CMMucr. 50 § 40 , we should prob. read with SG 314 y : mór itir; similarly in LL 124b48 (see Hull, Speculum xiii, 58. n. 15 ). Compar. nícon robae ni bed mó nothing could be greater, Ml. 51a2 . amail nach moa soillsi na grene don oenfer indas don sochaidhe, Mon. Tall. 70. fiche bó no [= ná] conglann con | ni mo ar Domnall (= it is as easy for D. to give twenty cows as a couple of hounds), Irish Texts ii 5 § 34. Folld. by dat. of second member of comparison: as mou cech fortacht greater than any help, Ml. 114b17 . ba mó amru arailiu greater than any other wonder, Hy. v 40. mó cech delmaimm, Fél. Ep. 127. compert Iohain . . . as mó scélaib, ib. Sep. 24. fodaim guin, ni mou gabail he is not above capture, TBC-I¹ 362. ba mou epert greater than can be told, LL 49b13 = Hail Brigit § 2. moo turim an ro boí do sciathaib and beyond counting , Ériu iv 28.12 . moo cacha doeinib a ndelbha, ii 130 § 103 . tomus tighe . . . mo secht traigid mo secht cēt above seven feet, above seven hundred, ZCP viii 108.16 . ba moo lē cech lōg Labraid she thought L. greater than any reward, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 9. In follg. exx. the superl. is used for compar.: forbrid a mēd comba moam oltas Fer Diad, TBC-I¹ 2687. is moum .iii. bliadna, IT iii 144.20 = is mó nā teora bliadna, ZCP v 501.33 . With de: robu mou de int erchot (= magis nocuit), Ml. 61c8 . mad i n-agaidh . . . forruimther ind athais, is moide a heraic the greater is the fine, Corm. Y 975 (p. 84) . moitti fochraic cech duine the greater is the reward, BColm. 80.1 . gebis 'n-a láim . . . ba móite leis a menma, Metr. Dinds. iii 248.98 . ní moidi let do menma mo scela-sa do clos thy spirits will be none the greater for hearing my story, ZCP vi 64.22 . fán dá mhac so is móide ar gcás our distress is the greater, Keat. Poems 1113. Superl. a llotár is tech bá moam dib, LU 1704 = RC ix 476. in gním is mó dorónad i talmain, PH 2925. is he seo firt is mou dorigne Ísu, 4500 . ni bi fair acht aimsear co leith a n-as mo dhe only a time and a half at most (lit. what is greatest of it), Auraic. 1350. coic litri and a n-as mo de five letters at most, 1455 = a n-us moam de, 4497 . Folld. by a defining subst.: cid as mó miscais lat? what do you most dislike? IT i 81.18 . briathar is mó gen ┐ tarcassul ro ráided the most derisive and contemptuous words, TBC-LL¹ 1616.

(b) great = mighty, famous , etc. (a use hardly evident in Glosses, but common in literature): Dē māir , Hy. ii 9 (v s m.). a Dé móir ! Fél. Ep. 312. féil Choluimb . . . in máir maccu-Artae `the great descendant of A.', ib. June 7 . cit móir ríg in domain though great are the world's kings, ib. Prolegomena 149. fāid mor amal Moysi, PH 2267. in tulach a téigdís máir whither chieftains used to go, Metr. Dinds. i 4.26 . congbad máru `let him restrain the great', Tec. Corm. § 2.4 . loṅgais māru Muiredach M. banished the mighty, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 18.5 = mauru, LL 313b46 . ba mar 'san aimsir fil sund antí Ruadhan, ba móa 'san aimsir fil gan toidecht, BNnÉ 328 § 59.

II As subst. o, n. and later m. a great amount, a great deal (many), folld. by partitive gen. or DE: ní tardad na mmór nothing great was given, Ml. 63d5 . a mmór den gantuari the large diet of coarse food, Mon. Tall. § 63. ferr óenfer dont slóg do dul | indá in mor do mudugud to destroy the whole, SR 6984. m.¤ fína much wine, SCC 11. m.¤ ṅdubai, Fél. Ep. 377 (n s.). ro chésas-[s]a . . . mormor ṅdocair, PH 3268. mor n-orddain ┐ ániusa, Ériu iv 28.14 (n s.). fofera m.¤ n-uilcc sund, ZCP xi 85 § 38. is cían do thír, már do muir eturru is Imlech Ibair much sea between it and I., viii 327.36 . m.¤ do chách `much of the world', PBocht 23 § 41. Folld. by pl.: mor fer many men, SCC 44. fail ann m.¤ do rigsrothaib, fail ann m.¤ ṁbíle ṁbroga, SR 504 , 505 . mór cath, Irish Texts ii 36 § 6 . is m.¤ lá tánac-sa many a day, Comp. CC 97.2 . mor mbliadan, CCath. 1052. mor n-uair very often , Rosa Angl. 26.13 . m.¤ n-ughdar, Content. v 43. tógbháil móir bhfiadhan `to claim many witnesses', xviii 23 . m.¤ do mílib fichet many thousand scores, ZCP viii 327.35 . Similarly compar.: adfesar duib in mó I will tell you more, Trip. 222.6 . antí dia mba hail ni bus mó dibh who desires more of them, RC xxv 400.5 . duine is mo doberad d'etach ┐ d'innmus . . . i nErind who bestowed most raiment and wealth, RC xvii 407.21 (Tig.). rí is mo ro dall . . . do merlichib, Ann. Conn. 1224 § 2.

III As adv., greatly, to a great extent . in mór, gl. prope modum, Ml. 42b25 . gl. aliquanto, BCr. 33d8 ( Thes. ii 23.25 ). in már, gl. magnopere, Thes. i 6.9 . in mar, gl. supra modum, Wb. 18a5 (a prima manu). gl. adeo, Sg. 39a25 . Superl. in máam , gl. primum, Wb. 1c20 . With co: co mmór, Ml. 38c12 , 61b17 . is follus co m.¤ , FA 33. feraid A. fǽlti friss co m.¤ , FB 62. mórán do lucht . . . ┐ go mórmhór na n-ógán especially , TSh. 10359. Absolute (generally with cop.): agait m.¤ a maccáin `greatly play his children', Fél. Sep. 4. is m.¤ moltar side, PH 5616. conid mor dlegaitt dammain forru greatly deserve condemnation, 6998 . Compar. cid mor dliges cech sollamain a herdach . . is in mormo dliges in sollamain-si though all feasts fully deserve their celebration, much more does this festival, PH 3605. is in mormo is coru . . . a choíned far more is it fitting . . . to bewail him, 3369 . cidh mór ro nert cách insin [leg. is in ?] mórmó ro nert Hechtoir much more he encouraged H., TTr.² 311. is mórmó is córa duit cathugud calma, CCath. 555. mó as teann a neartchuaine anos the stronger now are his powerful bands, Content. xxix 33. With de: acht co torchror-sa . . . mote dogentar . . . frit ó do Dia trocaire the more will mercy be shown thee, SR 1535. bid moti bas trēn mo scél, LU 9901 ( PRIA iii 536 § 18 ). is moti no chuired for na mathib int olc fogebtís in maith ra-mor boi accu remi the wealthy felt the evil they were receiving all the more for the superabundant affluence they had hitherto enjoyed, LB 154b8 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do denam that they are the better heeded for their much speaking, PH 7840. atbert M. a n-anmanda friu ┐ ni móti foretatar som sin (= they were none the wiser for it), 1063 . móide is gránna gráin a ngníomha, | Gaedhil féin . . . | d'imirt an fheill the hatefulness of their deed is all the greater inasmuch as it is the Gaels themselves who practise treachery, Keat. Poems 1197. mó sa mó more and more: mo sa mo ro cumscaigit iat, PH 128. ar gach ló as mó sa mhó fhuilghim d'olc, BS 118 z . cech doimne no roisidh an t-adhnacul ba mó sa mó no geibthi an fuil the deeper the grave reached, the more blood was found, ZCP viii 560.22 . Of time in neg. sent.: na ticfa . . . ní bas mó that you will not come any more, TBC-LL¹ 4668. na labra ní bus mó any longer, PH 788. ná déantar leat éagnach níos mó, Keat. Poems 299. Superl. ni bo ed as mó ro gnathaigsem dún what we have been most accustomed to, SCC 14. duni is mó is bidba d'Ultaib who is the greatest enemy of Ulster, CRR 18. étach is mou no thechtad immbe the clothing he mostly wore, PH 873. an fer . . . is moam rot-c[h]ar who loved thee most, ZCP x 47.11 . conith fobithin is moam bertir anmain in cheneli doine dochum n-iphirnn, Ériu vii 152.19 . teora gua ata moam da-fich Dia which God punishes most, Laws iv 52.24 . it e ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna it is they who drink most abundantly, PH 6238.

IV Idiomatic uses (adj. and adv.).

(a) ní m.¤ dom it is not (too) much for me, I require, I ought to (have, do): [ní] m.¤ duib cia chomallaide . . . it is no great thing for you to fulfil, Ml. 95c3 (gl. non mirum [est si . . .]). cairemain . . . ní m.¤ ṅdemon remor n-imda doib, LL 29b40 (of rations assigned to various classes in the Tech Midchuarta).

(b) is m.¤ limm

(a) I think it much, excessive: is mor leisim in mile cemenn he makes much of going the thousand paces, Mon. Tall. § 71. ba m.¤ leo do thír aurland Temrach `the demesne of Tara seemed excessive to them', Ériu iv 124.5 . masa mhor leo-samh if they deem it too much, Laws iv 218.26 . ba mor, ba lond ┐ ba lesc leis dul as in baile, ZCP xiii 26.3 . cibé lé n-ab m.¤ a n-abraim riu whoever thinks I say too much, Keat. i 76.45 . Compar. iarmoracht Maoldithruib . . . dus imbad lór cáocai do gabail . . . Asrubart Máolrúoin ni bu móo dan (leg. dano?) lais a rrobuí isind tsaltir n-uli that he did not consider it greater labour to recite the contents of the whole psalter (than only fifty) (?), Mon. Tall. § 16.

(b) I think much of, esteem, value, etc.: (compar.) is mó lium so d'[fh]águail oldás mor d'innmas I had rather get this, PH 7207. is momo lem and chena nidat bunad Gædelge acht is bunad ceilli I much prefer (to believe) that [grammatical genders ] are not based on the Gaelic language but on sense (?), Auraic. 1461. iss ed is moam lem ciasa bunad Gaidilgi is bunad ceinil I had liefest believe . . . that they are based on sex, 4571 .

(c) is m.¤ ocum I think much (highly) of: ni he iarraidh in tṡaidhbriosa as mor ag Dia it is not seeking wealth that pleases God Ériu v 130.44 . gidh m.¤ agaibh a n-iomus though you rate their learning highly, Content. x 26.

(d) nach mór (in Glosses) `that is not great' follg. a neg. sent. (or virtual negative) = very little, hardly at all: huare nad tarbas a morchumachtae ṡom hisuidiu nach m.¤ , Ml. 64d13 (`his great power was not shown herein to any extent', Thes.), cf. 65d16 . cen immormus nach m.¤ almost without sin, Wb. 11d5 . With an affirm. sent. = almost: foraccaib laiss mind ali .i. cosmailius cometa libair Johain nád mór almost the likeness of (i.e. a copy of) the case of the book of John, Trip. 86.9 .

(e) ní mór, folld. by dependent clause in apposition or introduced by má, co, it is not much that (if) . . . = scarcely, hardly: ní m.¤ foracbus . . . coicfher nā rom-giall I left scarcely five men that did not do me homage, LL 147a44 ( PRIA iii 550 § 37 ). ni m.¤ conánic Príaim a ḟrecra P. could hardly answer, TTr.² 747. nach m.¤ do hairigheadh orra . . . doimheanma hardly any dejection . . . was to be seen in them, PBocht 111 § 10. dorala ni ingantach . . . ┐ ni mor masa incretmi he it is hardly credible, LB 152b16 . ní m.¤ ma doerna scéola[ng] indisen scél hardly a fugitive escaped, BDD 158. ní m.¤ ma ra ḟácaib comét intib (= hardly any one was left to guard them), LL 232a42 = ní m.¤ forácaib, TTr.² 612. ní m.¤ má ro proinnighsiot they had hardly finished their meal, AFM vi 2288.22 . ní m.¤ gurab lia ceann aca ioná creideamh they have hardly more heads than creeds, Eochairsg. 4.1 . ní m.¤ go dtaithneann re lán, mar adeirthi . . . id dhán many folk are scarcely pleased with (would hardly admit) the statement in your poem, Content. vi 205 . nír m.¤ gur bhean sé fai annsa bhaile he had scarcely taken up his quarters, AU iii 390.19 .

(f) ní mór, folld. by neg. clause, almost: ni mor nach rapsat a gconntabairt they were nearly in danger, Fl. Earls 12.23 . ní m.¤ nach roibhe gne imfhaitchis ar dhroing aca, 30.27 . ní m.¤ nat fáccbad . . . 'na hén-tuinn fhiataile almost (the whole tract) was left a waste of weeds, AFM v 1784.2 . ni m.¤ nach raibh mé ann gach uile olc I was almost in all evil, Proverbs v 14. muna bhfóiridh ceárd na n-áirdreann pobal críoch gCuirc . . . ní m.¤ nár bh'fhearr gan cháirde a bhfoscain-díoghlaim it were almost better to scatter them without delay, Keat. Poems 59. nír mhór nar fhuil dearg a dēar, PBocht 62 § 17. A different idiom is found in ZCP xii 389.14 : is mōr nā marbhtha íad it is much that they were not killed, i.e. they were almost killed.

(g) ní mó, introducing an additional statement after a neg. sent., not more = nor . . . either: ni lemaind labra . . . ┐ ni mo no lémad cid mo aircindech nor would my chief himself dare either, PH 2063. ni tualaing nech mo marbad . . . ni mo as tualaing m'anacal no one can kill me . . . as little can I be saved, ZCP vii 302.29 . ní hindderb lium tocht a criaidh, ní mo is ro-derbh linn ga huair (= as sure as I am that I must die, so little do I know at what time), 301 § 9 . níor éar Niall duine fa ghleo, ní mó éarfas N. never refused a fight, nor will he, Content. ii 42. níor mheasais . . . m'áireamh, . . . ní mó as éidir leat a mheas, xiv 52 .

(h) ní mó iná . . . not more than, only: ní mó nó mo chuid-si . . . millfighther only my portion, Comp. CC 77.6 ( Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iii ). ni mo ina le fulang Dé donither na huilc only by God's sufferance, Luc. Fid. 36.21 . ní mó ná imtheacht doruacht leó an tan . . . they had only just managed to get away, AFM v 1780 z .

Compds.

(a) mór is commonly prefixed to subst. instead of following it; in later heroic lit. such compds. are very frequent, being often used for alliterative purposes. The follg. are a few exx.: (from Glosses) máarbríg, Wb. 12d28 . mordechur a great difference, Ml. 26b1 . morthomas, gl. tantum pondus, 33c17 . in mórindrid (tantae vastationis), 66c19 . With superl.: ised as maamserc la tuistidi . . . primiti a clainde it is the first-fruits of their children that parents most love, 99b5 . ¤ chaindel, perh. = rígchaindel a large candle burnt in the presence of king or chief: is lór iomorro do shoillse isin tigh sin uile gion go [m]be[a]th ann mūirlēas mórchoinnle 'there is enough light in the house, even though there is no great light from a royal candle', BDC 256.544​ . mór-chath a great battle , SR 6492 ( ¤chad). pl. mórchatha , ZCP xi 81 § 11. ¤chin great guilt, a great crime , SR 6872. ¤chuirm strong ale , Ériu iv 106.9 . ¤gein a great birth (child, scion): do imgabail in morgene (mórgeine LU), TBC-I¹ 240. ¤margad, gl. nundinae, Ir. Gl. 327. ¤rí: linais Nia . . . slōgaib cach māirrig ārchoin N. fed with hosts every war-dog of a great king, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.21 (= gach marrigh, LL 387a27 ). trī maicc, trī mārrīg, ib. 2. ¤thimchell a great circuit ; freq. as adv. (absolute or with i n-) all round, about: batar for essama céin móir m., IT i 73.14 . focheird in circul m[b]odba mórthimchull cethri n-ollchóiced nErend, TBC-I¹ 1990. tri cressa i n-a m., FA 8. gan easbaidh . . . d'ar maithib ad mhóirthimcheall, ML 112.32 . ¤thinól: co cualatar in rí do beith mortinol ic Ath Luain with a great gathering (muster), RC xviii 45.27 (Tig.). With npr.: mac moir-Nēill, Irish Texts ii 7 § 6.

Occas. the subst. is modified in meaning by mór, forming a stable compd., e.g. mórchásc = in cásc m.¤ great Easter (distinguished from minchásc s.v. 1 min): do chaithem na morchasc, RC xxviii 322 § 49. See also mórdál, —menma, —sesser.

Follg. a subst. mór retains its adjectival character, being qualified in meaning, e.g. cennmór big-headed , clannmór prolific , SR 6802 ; such compds. will be found under first component.

(b) with adj. in adverbial sense modifying second adj. = very , often merely for sake of alliteration; occas. perhaps forming a dwanda-compd. ¤álaind: (superl.) ingen is mór-ailliu ro boí i nhErinn, IT i 71.8 . banscál is mor-aldom ro buí i nhEre, ZCP viii 310.1 . fled mórchain, RC xiv 412 § 24. dá manaís móirleabra big and long (? very long), Acall. 232. munter mormas, Anecd. i 59 § 79. mórmór very great , mórmó much greater (see above).

Often in adj. formed from subst.: rind Mairt morcathaigh the great battler , CCath. 1031. lucht . . . mórchodaltacha sluggards , Corp. Astron. 92.15 . morcuitech having a large share, Laws iii 462.20 . morghalach very valiant , Ériu v 152. 121 . morghlonnach of mighty deeds , RC xxix 118 § 17. mor-moltach deserving much praise , ZCP x 341.15 . snam mara mórthonnaig great-billowed , MR 172.18 . crann mor-ublach bearing great (? many) apples , Irish Texts ii 10 § 31.

(c) rarely with vbs. in adverbial sense (chiefly to secure alliteration): mármoigid eclais ennce 'innocence magnifies a church', CB 34 § 39 . do milledh ┐ do morairgedh mo tigerntus, ZCP vi 77.3 . ro muradh ┐ ro morchlaidhed . . . an port, AFM vi 2022.2 . ro mórmolsat an Coimde, BNnÉ 24 § 7. ro mid ┐ ro mordēch uadh, CCath. 4752. midheas ┐ móirḟéachas iad, Todd Lect. iv 72 § 22. So too in vn.: do midem ┐ do mórdescain bar in slúag, CRR 25. ac mordechsain na mara, Acall. 3211. do mhidemhain ┐ do moirdhechain, AFM vi 2256.22 . do mhóirdhegadh an tíre, Hugh Roe 156.18 (fo. 42 a) .

neim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. neim or dil.ie/33028
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: neime, neimi, nime, nim, neim, neime, neim

n n. and f. in O.Ir. of heteroclite decl.: g s. ind neime , Sg. 112a1 . n p. neimi, 139b6 . As d-st. (?): cnuicc nemed malignant boils, Goid. 172.23 . In Mid.Ir. and later treated as fem.; often with g s. nime, hence n s. nim.

(a) poison, venom: neim, Corm. Y 991. fí .i. nim, O'Mulc. 597. nem nathrach, gl. venenum, Ml. 33d10 . gl. virus, Sg. 112a1 ; aconitum, 139b6 . tuccad neim doib i llinn, Thes. ii 323.14 ( Hy. iv pref. ). Crist dom imdegail . . . ar neim, 357.11 ( Hy. vii 59 ). deog neimhe, Laws i 2.16 . do dail na neime . . . ar Art, Ériu iii 170.3 . urchar . . . do shaigit nemi `a poisoned arrow', PH 7642. ar comarthuibh na neimhe symptoms of poisoning, Rosa Angl. 134.20 . pl. cruth cen cheill . . . is neime i n-ōrlestar, ZCP vi 267 § 2. co nemib ┐ epthaib, LL 120a12 . Of animal venom: de neim inna nathrach, Fél. Ep. 480 (see nathair). tri neme nathrach, TBC-LL¹ 5539 St. (fig. of three warriors). tria neim na dracon, PH 339. co tard beach a neim for mo lethrosc-sa stung one of my eyes, FDG 255.

(b) in fig. sense, bane, malefic power: es de boi inn nem sin fuirri (of Balor's eye), RC xii 100 § 133. sleg co mbricht neme vii 292.35 . cithnélla neme, TBC-I¹ 1950 , cf. co tuitet nemhe niuil truim, O'Dav. 1281. neim ar cach ḟir díb, TBC-LL¹ 2922 (description of the `clann Calatín'). bidba troch co tromneim, Metr. Dinds. iii 172.66 . tech . . . robo lór do neim, ib. 326.38 . neim ar th'urchur ┐ neim fort féin a bane on thy cast and on thyself, TBC-LL¹ 1187. (in cheville) marbais, mór ind neim, | a mbúar uile, Metr. Dinds. iv 64.87 , cf. LL 299a35 . ? g s. as attrib.: is neime do iurnn . . . .i. as neimnech do neoch in t-iarunn baneful, O'Dav. 1135. co ndeachaid neimh an troisccthi for Diarmait `the virus of the fasting went against D.', BNnÉ 89 § 189 . Of snow accompanied by severe cold ( Celtica iii 262 ): sneachta neime do chur oidhche fhéli Sanct Nicolás `poisonous snow', ALC i 370.3 = snechta na neme, Ann. Conn. 1245 § 10. Cf. [snechta] na nemi, AB 1179 (quoted AU ii 197 n. 8 ). Cf. neimh fhúaire na hoidhcheise, Studies x 417 § 1 . gach cuan go cconfadh neimhe 'each sea is in deadly tumult' Féil. Mhic Néill 174 § 43 .

Virulence, keenness, penetrating force , often in favourable sense; freq. in g s. as attrib. ar neim ┐ ar nert ┐ ar nidhachus, Fianaig. 68.30 (qualities of a warrior). a righ L. is lerdha nimh !, MR 214.3 . Nechtain cosin neim, LL 11a48 = gus an neimh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 182.3 . lám co neim, LL 154a18 . betit curaid arna raind | fa neim claidib Con Culaind, TBC-LL¹ 795. fon crúisig neme, 1286 (of Conchobar's spear). ilcleasa neme, 3932 St. céim neime, Ériu v 223.63 . crithir do neimh na tenedh sin, RC xxiv 381.23 . cú neimhe, ZCP ii 344.7 . Of feelings: re neim fergi an dúileman, RC xxiv 378.34 . adéura [Críosd] lán do neimh ┐ d'fheirg, Parrth. Anma 476.11 . Sharpness, bitterness, causticity: érnais cen neim (of St. Brigit), Hy. v 7 , glossed .i. cen imdergad without (causing) a blush, Thes. ii 328.21 (cf. Stowe Gl. 259 ). uath nime for tengthaib na filed, O'Mulc. 830c . la neim laidhe (of a satire), ACL iii 295 § 27. begán glóir do budh mór neimh (i.e. quiet but incisive words), ZCP viii 223.6 . sanas nemhe na námod, Ériu iv 212.12 . amhail adubhairt Fionn sin, | ro gabsam náire tré neimh (i.e. his words stung us to shame), Duan. F. i 31 y .

Compds. ¤dénmach o, ā. poison-making (Lat. veneficus): trí druíd nemdenmacha `poison-giving' (? maleficent), Trip. 138.27 (neimd. v.l.). ? ¤mod: nemmod la saoruib . . . in mod dogniat tria a neim .i. tria a mbeim (i.e. force, intensity?), O'Mulc. 830 h (fanciful etym. of word neimed). ¤tenga `poison-tongue'; an evil-tongued person, a slanderer: nipsa nemthenga mo chrích, LU 9335. A standing epithet of Bricriu: Bricriu noithech neimtheṅga, ZCP viii 218.11 . la Bricrind Nemthenga, FB 1. do Bricriu Nemthenga, IT ii1 173.9 .

1 nes(s)a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 nes(s)a or dil.ie/33131

Forms: nes(s)o, nes(s)u, nes(s)a, nes(s)am

adj. used as compar. of 1 ocus, acus near ; also nes(s)o, nes(s)u; superl. nes(s)a, nes(s)am. Nearer , folld. by DO.

(a) of space: is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . nesso assa nesso nearer and nearer, 12b34a. inna hí ata nessa (gl. inferiora), BCr. 44a1 . superl. (a) hi telaig ba nessam dind slog, Ml. 55c1 . archaṅgeil . . . is nessam do naebaiṅglib next to the holy angels, SR 536 , cf. 538 , 540 , 542 . nesaim, 534 . imdae as nesam do Conaire, BDD 128. nem . . . as nessamh duibh the heaven nearest you, Ériu ii 108 z . itt é ata nessom d'Uíb Néill (= who border on), ZCP viii 317.5 . na tíre ata nesam duín, TTr.² 125. bidba na crich ba nessom duit, TBC-LL¹ 9. (b) tri grád as nessu dochum talman the three ranks (of the Celestial Hierarchy) nearest earth, SR 662. dorus ind nime as nesu ille the nearest gate of heaven, FA 15. ind fuithairbe ba nessu don tig, FB 20.

(b) of time: bes nipe nessu éc do suidiu oldás dait-siu perhaps death is no nearer him, FB 94. cid ni is nesa dún innosa? what is going to happen to us? Lat. Lives 101.10 (= dic nobis aliquid . . . quod citius eveniet) = Lism. L. 3344 . cid as nesu dúin de-sin?, TFerbe 783 . is neasa ar chách comurchra nearer and nearer is dissolution, Ériu iv 158.6 . fán Nodloig-si as nesa dhún this coming Christmas, Ériu v 54.29 . tanic isin domnach ba nesa iartain the following Sunday, RC xlvi 230.24 . Cf. further: truagh nach oirne ní as neasa | doní an Coimdhe an cairdeas-sa `a pity that He shows not His friendship more recently to us!' (? that He shows not this friendship more closely, i.e. particularly to me), Dán Dé xxi 13 . déanam síodh sul tí tusa; | usa do dhíol ní as neasa `sin is easier to atone for while yet recent', vii 16 .

(c) of fig. relations: is nessa do inni lemm I deem it nearer the meaning, Wb. 4b17 , cf. Ml. 46c18 , 54a11 . cid is nesem dúin ifesta? what is the next (most necessary) thing for us (to do) ? MacCongl. 103.17 . is de athchomarc is nesam duin diar cobhair the most needful (likely) to help us, ACL iii 294 § 11 , cf. Ériu iv 138.19 .

Hence in legal phraseology nes(s)am = what is needful, indispensable , used as a subst., see Cóic Con. p. 63. ` lāngilli risin nésam ┐ lethgille risin nemnes[e]am' . . . nesam sin ric a les duine do caithem fo cetoir ┐ nochan fuil a sechnam aici . . . ┐ is ed is nemnesam ann .i. ní nā rig a les duine do caithem fo cetoir, ib. 33 § 33 (i.e. `nesam' is what a man requires for immediate use and cannot dispense with). nesam toisgedha (what is needed for immediate compensation), ib. § 34 . nesam cina (what is needed to pay immediate compensation), ib.

retaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. retaire or dil.ie/35160

n m. a criminal (B. na f.): tona (.i. bās) retaire (.i. bidba), ZCP v 486.5 .

tiugba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tiugba or dil.ie/40995
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: tigbae

adj [io, iā (1 tiug + beo) surviving: tigbae gl. superstite, Ml. 23d14 . tighba .i. aithir tareis a mic, O'Dav. 1509. tar cach ngaibél co llín bla | cossin mbrainén ba t.¤ `last surviving raven,' Metr. Dinds. iii 258.36 . rob é sin in torc tigba | las' rort Léna in laech-bidba , iv 192.11 = Sc.M² § 24c . a iath na trenfher tigba, Auraic. 5334 . As subst. survivor: tigba gach ndēdenach, Corm. Y 1230 . bia tigba na tano, IT ii2 246.17 . ferr tigba (tiugba v.l.) torad, Anecd. iii 18.16 . misi is tiugbeo, a Ultu, Laws i 74.7 Comm.

trú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trú or dil.ie/42078

Forms: tr, trotha, trotha, trutha, trothaibh, truthaibh, trúgh, thrúidh, truith, troithe

n k, m. and f. d s. tr, ZCP xii 386.34 . In Mod. Ir. also as dental stem, IGT Decl. § 21 . n p. trotha, Misc. Ir. Archaeol. Soc. i 4.9 . So regularly in Ó Bruad. n p. trotha, ii 268.10 . trutha, 282.1 . d p. trothaibh, 276.7 . truthaibh, i 50.3 . Note also n s. trúgh (trú, v.l.), i 72.17 . ? v s. a thrúidh , p. 116 n. ? g s. truith, 74.2 . Cf. n p. troithe, Duan. F. ii 394.4 .

(a) a doomed person, one who is fey: trū quasi do-ru .i. dōig a tuitim; a verbo ruo. Vel tī-ru, ar tī tuitme atā. Vel a Troia dicitur .i. ar a mince a hairsen, Corm. Y 1237 . trūagh ... .i. āgusta dō gurab trū he dreads being `trú,' 1238 . troid ... quasi trú-ait .i. ait ī la troich, 1248 . troich .i. mairb, H 3.18, 531.16 . dorigni troich ṅdorchaid dé | co torchair i cath Giluáe (David and Saul), SR 6397 . am trúsa ... ó gabussa gaisced niro la imroll mo urchur cussindiu, LU 3280 ( SCC 7 ). ní indóig lim cid t.¤ , BDD² 1141 . a Fhir diad ... | ... isat lomthru, TBC-LL¹ 3660 . ra thathaim in tan ba t.¤ , LL 133a1 . atgéoin ... in drúi for labrad E. ropad t.¤ , RC xiii 450.y . madh saeglach intí téid da fegadh tibaigh tar a bruach amach; mad tru ... ni tic tar a hor amach (of a miraculous well), Todd Nenn. 197 n. g . na dumacha derboile | a cailltib ard-Almaine, | is trū nō is methach a ngnīm | intī nosgeib fo comlīn, ZCP v 23 § 3 . cach trén bid truag no bid t.¤ , Ériu v 211.4 . a l-lá ndēdenach di sechtmain ōenaich Tailten flaith na faigbi is t.¤ issin blīadain sin is destined to die that year, ZCP xiii 372.24 . nā tuc táib ri troich `do not trust one that is fey,' KMMisc. 266.2 . crāu-dortad troch, ZCP xiii 376.13 . is ferr t.¤ iná truagān truag, Ériu ix 45 § 6 . bidh a n-inill nech is t.¤ | is bidh a n-eisinill étrú, ZCP vii 302.x ( Dánfhocail 242 ). is bec in glōir bud dū dī | fōill in trū ocus a t[h]reissi (i.e. the body), ACL iii 238 § 4. gille as mhó d'innmhe ... | biaidh 'n-a throich ... | dá dtí go hadhbhaidh Iofruinn, DDána 35.13 . im throich bhí a haithle mh'anma, Dánta Gr. 28.27 . ba tenm teinedh tar trocha, Leb. Gab.(i) 100.2 . mo thruaighe na trocha nach tuigid mar thig an bás go hobann, TSh. 526 . Med. da sgeithi na bith t'aire ris uair is tru é, Irish Texts v 7 .x .

In phrases: robud do throich `warning to a doomed man' (a futile undertaking), Triads 83 . bā robad do throich, MacCongl. 71.20 . roba robadh do throich a thegasc, ML² 258 . Cf. t.¤ nach géabhadh gargrobhadh, PBocht 19.24 . i treib throch, Bruchst. 55 § 123 = AFM ii 648.17 . ba toirm troch riana thrágud `it was the noise of one doomed before his dissolution,' Metr. Dinds. iii 412.31 . ropo thurus troch fo thráig, 406.27 . iar troch togairm, Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 13.

Attrib. gen. fatal, doomed: bidba troch `a culprit fated to evil doom,' Metr. Dinds. iii 172.66 (cf. Keat. ii 2102 ). cotlud troch sleep of the doomed, fatal sleep: is cotlad troch sin ar cind aigi ┐ cūanart, TBC-I¹ 2507 . a chodladh níor chodladh troch, Content. iv 59 . ba tinnabrad troch do Congal- in codla sin, MR 168.y . ropo gleō fri demna troch `it was a fight against demons of doomed men,' Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.y . réim troch `a fatal course ,' Metr. Dinds. iv 182.15 . sáethar troch, iii 376.20 . dos-berad fo thaidbsin troch `would make them seem like men doomed to death,' RC xiv 404.26 . telgun troch `the lying down of a doomed man' (cf. cotlud troch, supra), Ériu ii 56 § 6 . fo thinniu throch `in pangs of suffering,' Metr. Dinds. iv 94.38 . Cf. troich do thinme, Bruchst. i 21 § 44 . re h-ucht troch do timdhibhe, MR 64.6 . treabhadh troch dhúin an domhan to cultivate this world is for us a hopeless undertaking, DDána 24.14 . turchairthe troch (of a pig), Irish Texts i 26 § 8.

(b) In more general sense of wretch, miserable person; villain, blackguard: dob í culaidh an treas troch `of the third wretch,' TD 44.8 . mairg do rothaobhuigh thú, a thruaigh, | a th.¤, a dhrochshaoghail, DDána 53.8 . t.¤ bhíos na bhastord ` scamp ,' O'Gr. Cat. 555.34. gan aonurraim ó'n troch (leg. troich ?) do'n tigerna `without respect showed by loon to lord,' Caithr. Thoirdh. 144.29 . do chur na ttroch ar merbhall, | nach tug termann da naoimh-cill, BNnÉ 148.15 . in t.¤ dhuaibhseach, TSh. 3742 . re truthaibh tréigthe an ríogh `the wretches who betrayed ...,' Ó Bruad. i 50.3 . ag leadhbadh truith `to trounce a ruffian,' 74.2 . trotha craois dochuaidh re holc, ii 268.6 .

Compds. ¤buiden: trochbuidne taeb-tolla tuath rebta (of defeated troops), Celt. Rev. iv 14.24 . ¤chalma: nír sguir dona tuathamaidecha taobhainmhecha troichchalma sin, no gur thuitedar despairingly valorous , Comp. CC 130.11 .