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astal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. astal or dil.ie/4522
Last Revised: 2013

n (Lat. astula, Vendr. Lex.; astella, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 199 ). Presumably chip, splinter, sliver. Taken as meaning book-mark (Vendr. Lex. and Meyer Contribb. compare AS ǽstel in this meaning, but cf. 1 lebar) in the exx. in the glossaries, but plectrum; pointer, baton (?) according to Brown, CMCS xxiv 85-86, 76 : astul .i. ab astilia .i. slisen nō gāe libuir, nō assude a dul, Corm. Y 19 = asdol ab asdula . . ., Thr. Ir. Gl. 1 . astol .i. sliseg, ut est gadais .b. an astol. astol ab asdola .i. slisen, O'Dav. 177 . a.¤ ab astilia .i. slisen, O'Mulc. 63 . a.¤ .i. gai libuir .i. assaite a dul, ut dicitur: a.¤ amra ūas duillind .i. slissiu amra, 96 . a.¤ .i. slis no ga leabhair, O'Cl. dobheir . . . in astail (inda stoil v.l.) darsan mbraghait . . . nach binniu lemsa ceol . . . inas in astoil si, BNnÉ 93 § 204 .

Cf. aistell.

binn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. binn or dil.ie/5921
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: bind

adj i melodious, harmonious; sweet, pleasing. Of sounds: bind gl. consona (uoce), Ml. 24a5 . níbbad bind nach cruth ailiu gl. aliter euphoniae satisfacere non poterat, Sg. 58b5 . bind a pindaro (fr. Lat. pandura, ed.) .i. cruit, O'Mulc. 153 , Corm. Y 156. classa búana bindi `choirs . . . melodious', Fél. Prol. 181. bairtni bindi, Thes. ii 295.17 . cid binni lib . . . / cuslennaig nó chornairi, LMU 17. Gamut go nguth mbind, ZCP viii 114.11 . ba b.¤ in triar sa (of harpers), TBFr. 108. rind bínd budi (of a bird), IT iii 19 § 53 , Murphy Lyrics 6 . b.¤ an fer sgél sgríbheand Néill a pleasing story-teller, IGT Decl. ex. 1346. ? As subst.: cuilbir nó binn `a pleasing thing´ EIS 142 § 26 .

In phr. is b.¤ la (frequ. of welcome tidings): nech lasmbí bind `anyone who loves to hear it', Ériu vii 162 § 4. ba bind leisin righain na scela sin `the queen was pleased with the news', Stair Erc. 2489. With neg. nach b.¤ leis briathra Dé do chlos that it is unpleasing to him to hear, TSh. 1597.

As general laudatory epithet: ó thús betha (sic leg., ed.) bind `the pleasant world', Ériu iv 128.29 . tre blaid mb.¤ according to sweet reason, ZCP viii 106.1 . coinnmed teóra mblíadan ṁbind, LU 346 (ACC Comm.). macān mall secht mblīadan mbind, ZCP vi 266 § 2. mēraid go brāth mb.¤ , ML² 744. Cf. also benn.

In cheville: cid ord bind, LL 15466 ( Trip. 532 § 15 ).

Equative (appar. in sense of Compar.): binnithir cach ceól a héstecht sweeter, LU 1953 ( FA 2 ). binnidir téta mendchrot, TBC-LL¹ 209. ba bindighther il-ceola in domain uile íad `sweeter', BNnÉ 91 § 197 . Compar. bindiu gl. sonorius, Sg. 21b2 . ba binniu cec céol in chrot, LU 626 (Acc Comm.). binni laoidib a labrad `sweeter than songs', Ériu ii 16 § 4. Superl. timpan ina laim iss binnium bui, RC iii 344.6 . ba binnim (Eg., binniu, LL) lemso . . . / sían no geibtis micc Uislenn, LMU 17.

Compds.

(a) With nouns and vnn.: ar a bhinncleircheacht `for his melodious clerical offices', Caithr. CC § 4. 17 . ar ghné, ar bhinnḟialbhuga, ar bháigh pleasing generosity, DDána 91.29 . bindfogur na cuisleann n-órdae sweet sound, BDD² 1008. bindfodhrugud in claidib `musical twang' (Gloss.), 1007 . ag bindgabail mo psalm, Anecd. iii 4.15 . binn-ghol ar binsibh 's ar bórdaibh gentle weeping, Keat. Poems 163. ar chotlud cāin bindris (: indlis) of sweet dreams, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 24 § 1. see ZCP xvii 274 n. 4. bendan bo cach lóide . . . bo cona bindsian `melodious lowing', O'Dav. 226 (see Ériu xiii 27 ).

(b) With adjj. In dvandva compds.: in bard bindbras, Anecd. i 58.4 . na briathra binnbrega the sweet and false words ZCP vi 71.21 . seanfhocul glan glóir bhionnghaoith of sweet and wise utterance, Magauran 2349 . dia beirt bindgil / tuc Eirc ingin Loairn, Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 8 ( LL 23728 ). a threabh bhionnghlan bhláithshleamhain (to a ruined monastery), DDána 122.2 . a chléirig builid binnglicc, Celtica xxiii 307 § 3 .

(c) With adjj. derived from nouns: fer bulid binnbriathrach, Ann. Conn. 1307.9 . go gormchailltibh . . . binneltacha abounding in songbirds, Caithr. Thoirdh. 13.15 . gáir binnfhocalach ban séimh, KMMisc. 50.15 . buabhall bláith bionnfoghrach sweet-sounding, AFM v 1570.2 . buabhall bionnglorach go mbuaidh ninnscne, vi 2298.6 .

2 coblach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 coblach or dil.ie/9827

n name of a kind of music: mad ilar ceól a cornaib / iss ed is binniu din choblaig `the sound is sweeter', TBC-LL² 2039 . trommchoblach in churad . . . dochum inn átha ` deep voice ', 2855 . ainm dona coblaigib (of céis) `for the bass strings', ACC 20 ( RC xx 164 ) (see Manners and Customs iii 249 ). c.¤ Arddain ro po maith, LMU 78.17 ( LL 34509 ).

indiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. indiu or dil.ie/28446

Forms: indiu, indiu, indíu, ani, anniudh, aniugh, aniubh, aníbh, anú, andiumh

(prep. i n- (? or def. art.)+ ds. of día day, see GOI § 251.3 ; § 340 and Thurn. Hdb. ii 98 ). Accented on second element. indiu (: binniu , debide rhyme), IT i 78.9 . adv. Variously written : indiu, Sg. 90b4 . Thes. ii 292 § 1. indíu, Lat. Lives 51.2 . ani, Cáin Ad. § 18. anniudh, BB 453b47 . aniugh, Auraic. 2811. aniubh, CF 324. aníbh, 567 . anú, TD 27 § 39. andiumh, Hard. ii 108.7 .

today, the present time: coitchen dechenéli indiu la nue-litridi `to-day, with modern writers, (are they) common bigeneric,' Sg. 90b4 . tegdais adchondarc indiu, Thes. ii 292 § 1. isi mó chobais indiu | ro chuala céol bad binniu , IT i 78.9 . in baili adta Lec Patraic aniu, Laws i 2.4 . it ferr-sa indiu indá in lá thucus-sa thu, TBC-LL¹ 6. indiu mo chetla-sa do gabail arm, 1132 . i cind trí chét mbliadan óndiu, LL 3a17 . isin laithi-se indíu (cf. Fr. aujourd'hui), PH 4730. ruc Ísu leis is-in domnach indíu do Íerusalem `on the day corresponding to the present Sunday,' 4403 . fa thri imorro do-rat Ísu in erglanud-sa for thempul Ierusalem .i. isin domnach indíu, ... isin luan iarna barach ... ┐ isin tres bliadain ..., 4507 .

cossindiu until today: cosindiu ol si ó gabusa Crúachna ní chúalasa ..., LU 8583. ó Chloinn Neimhidh gus aniodh, TD 4 § 5. Thurn. ( Thurn. Hdb. ii 98 ) says that this form is only intelligible if one takes in- to be the article. Cf. also óndiu above.

2 sían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 sían or dil.ie/37375
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: sian, sianu, sían

n (orig. dissyllabic, see heptasyllabic line, K. and H. § 10 below) n. n s. sian n-alaind, Anecd. i 4.3 . n p. sianu, Ériu viii 177.19 . a term applied to various kinds of continuous or prolonged sound (see Meyer, ZCP xiii 189 - 90 ).

(a) of human sounds. binniu lem-sa . . . | sian no gebtis maic Uislend humming, lilting (?), IT i 78.24 ( LMU 17 ). do cuala sé sian na hanma ga pianudh `the cry of the soul in torment', BCC 212.38 . sían curad occurs in lists of Cú Chulaind's feats: cles cait . . . ┐ s.¤ curad ┐ rothchles, LU 8443 ( FB 30 ). sian caurad, 5972 (TBC). Cf. s.¤ . . . na macraighi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 137.29 . sían .i. glór, O'Cl. Cf. an sian so leathas gur bhuaidh tú an lá `this spreading report', Ó Bruad. iii 222.2 .

(b) a strain of music or song : canuid sīen bind die bend `a sweet strain', K. and H. 10 . a scel rochuala tria thech | ni sian n-alaind n-adbannach, Anecd. i 4.3 . sian do théad (to a harp), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 111 § 1 .

(c) of natural or animal sounds, howling or roaring of wind or sea; lowing (of cattle): s.¤ na gaithi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 137.29 . ceannghail tonn re creataibh long, | uaill fhearchon, giodh lonn a sian, Measgra D. 5.42 . is bindide sian na bo, Laws v 62.19 Comm .

(e) of weapons humming; whistling, whirring : síanu ┐ scretu na sleg ┐ na soicchet, Ériu viii 177.19 . sían ┐ etigud na foghaid ┐ na ngabluch 'the hum and whirr of spears and javelins', CMT² 58 § 131 .

Compds. ¤brat: ? g p. as attributive: mo chor a flaith Fiadat find | i tír síanbrat siriffirn, SR 1772 . ¤chles (cf. s.¤ curad, above): gor eirghe an Cu cain a n-athleim na fainle et accaoidh (? leg. agaid) an t-siainchleas a bhfraoithibh na fiormamint, TBC-LL¹ p. 563 n. 1 . ¤etech with whirring wings : go saighdibh . . . siaineteacha `whizzing in flight', Hugh Roe 72.29 (fo. 19a) . ¤gaeth a howling or whistling wind : siosga na sian-ghaoithe, CRR² 43 . fre seitiudh na siangaoithi, RC xiv 62 § 77 . bruinne fá'n siangaidh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 55.36 . ¤gáir a prolonged cry : don bheir hi sian-gair nach sāimh | díth righ Riadhain, AFM ii 902.16 . na siangártha sáebhmíllti sídhi, Comp. CC 82.z . ¤gaire a whistling or whirring sound : fedgaire na cloidem ┐ siangairi na soighed, Aen. 2490 . ¤gerán a groaning cry : sian gearan na n-arm `the stormy groans', CF 828 . go rola rot rourcair di ocus a fidren bodba ┐ a siangaran (leg. -geran) aigh eiste, CCath. 5601 . ¤glés (cf. ¤chles, and see Comp. CC Gloss . ) s. díberge the name of some feat : do lá siangles dibergi de dá chorp a medhon a chroicinn, Comp. CC 102.20 . is ann forlengat na tri cet curadh for siangles n-dibherge dar slesaibh ┐ dar brainibh na roth . . . n-iarnaidhi, TBC-LL¹ 5616 (Stowe). ¤goirt: ro ergidar . . . ina saeb-shluagaib . . . sithalta, siangoirti, seachranacha, MR 230.19 . ¤gránda having an ugly cry : ré faoidh-bheadhgaibh . . . na mbrain-eón . . . sían-ghránna, ML 128.26 . re grēchaib ┐ re golfadaig na mbadhb siblach sian-grānna, ML² 1715 . ¤gréchad shrieking : iachtach na n-ógbhadh . . . siain-ghréachadh na seanóireadh, CRR² 35 . ¤lúath swift-whirring : thugedair (sic) ceath comhthiugha ┐ sáithedha sianluatha soighed . . . d'ionnsaighe C., Comp. CC 130.27 . ¤muirn a prolonged, tumultuous cry : feibh tísadh anf[th]ine . . . co feradh a síanmuirnd ┐ a sírḟoghruchud re cennaibh cnoc, CCath. 666 . ¤orgán in phr. s. síde of a supernatural sound or singing. Also síandordán: in síanargan sidhi fil isin tuind, Acall. 3219 v.l. bai cách oc eistecht risin sianarghan sidhi do nim, ib. muna beth sianargan (-organ, v.l.) in brechta sídhe inti, 3482 . ro bhen sian ndordan sídhe eisde innus co coideldáis, 4619 v.l. (text: nuallorgan). ceol ┐ orghan ┐ sianorgan ban Erenn, RC xxvi 162 § 50 . ¤scolba?: rabhartha na ruirioch (sic leg.) . . . ┐ sian-sgolba na sochaidhe `the noisy striplings', CRR² 29 (86.2) . ¤tarraing noisily tearing asunder : na .uíí. neime . . . acá síantarruing lé coméirghi aingil (sic) . . . ┐ na .c. ngáeth, RC xxiv 382.14 . ¤urchar a whizzing cast: sianuirchair (sic) a soighet, Caithr. CC 41 § 69 .