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béo

Cite this: eDIL s.v. béo or dil.ie/5671
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: béu, béu, mbi, bii, -bíi, béoa, beó, bh, beó, bíe, beoloiti

adj o, ā. In O. Ir. also béu (note n. pr. Beuchell, Sedulius Scottus, Monumenta Germaniae, Traube). See GOI § 204 , § 206 , § 352 . n s. b.¤ , Wb. 10b27 . béu, 13d6 , Ml. 44c11 . a s. f. mbi, Laws iv 218.17 Comm. n p m. bii. Wb. 3b6 , -bíi, 3b7 . a pl. béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . duine beó, g s. beó, bh, IGT Decl. § 205. bean beó, g s. beó, bíe, § 139 .

(a) (i) as attrib. living, quick (ii) as predic. adj. alive . (i) eclás Dé bíí, Fél.² i 20. ité uiui in dóini bí, Sg. 39a23 . na heoin beoa do gabail to catch the live birds, TBC-LL¹ 1334. Crist gunig gach mbeathaidh mbi (: eabraidhi) `Christ who controls all living life', Ériu xvii 74 § 8 ( Laws iv 218. 17 Comm. ). gē dosanntaig bhetha[id] mbī / nīr tsechain Rí an alltair ē earthly life, ZCP vii 304.2 . i lámhaibh an Dé bheó (= Dei viventis), TSh. 5397. Of fire: do theinid bī, ACL iii 242 § 7. Of spring water: benaid in talum . . . ┐ tanic topar usce bíí ass, PH 1338. lively, spirited (of a combat): troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529.

(ii) céin bas mb.¤ in fer gl. uiuit, Wb. 10b23 . is cundubart leu indat bii gl. qui . . . se uiuere nesciunt, ZCP vii 482.12 ( Enchir. Aug. 75b ). an beó do thigerna ? BDD² 1519. ro hadnaiced na geill . . . ┐ siad beoa `the hostages . . . were buried alive', RC xxiv 184 § 17. madh beo na daoine, Content. xxv 8 . living, alight (of fire): ní béu cid in teni, Trip. 10.17 . For the phr. béo bocht see 1 bocht.

(b) As subst. o, m. a living being; in spiritual or mythological sense an immortal: oc ascnam tíre tairṅgiri inna mb. `the Land of Promise of the Living', Wb. 11a19 . dodeochad- . . . a tírib beó áit inna bí bás nó peccad, LU 9996. cen sa écnach nach bí `without reviling any living thing', Ériu iii 104 § 40. ar nī fírḟlaith nad nīamat bi (bíí, v.l.) bennachtnaib whom the living do not glorify, ZCP xi 97 § 59. totchurethar bíi bithbi the ever-living ones invite you (i.e. Conle, to come to the other-world Land of the Living), LU 10027. is cumma barrurim biu ┐ marbu dó in like manner he enumerated for him the living and the dead, TBC-LL¹ 4761. amail bid bēo nobeith ann, ACL iii 5.15 . do mess for bíu ┐ marbu `to judge the quick and the dead', Ériu ii 194 § 7. gan beó, gan baistedach / aram (leg. ar) bith [c]āemh cé no living creature, ZCP viii 212.15 . beo gach buainchethra, Metr. Gl. 31 § 60. In spiritual sense: créud íad na beóa ar a ttiobharthar breath ? who are the saved (?) who will be judged ? Parrth. Anma 1561.

(c) In phrases. Used with possess. pron. usually in sing.: ní col dó cid less ar mb.¤ et ar mmarb gl. siue ergo uiuimus etc., Wb. 6b20 . a beō nach óe do breith to bring any of them alive, TBC-I¹ 685. ragaid do beo no do marb you shall go dead or alive, TBC-LL¹ 1224 ( LL 8614 ). beannacht dá mbeó is dá marbh a blessing on them living and dead, Dánta Gr. 3.12 . ní suthain a mbí they do not live long, ZCP vi 261.29 . re na beo fen during his own life, BCC 33.

In phr. i mbíu alive (with gen. or possess. pron.) in the lifetime (of): nī dlegat a ndola i mbiu, Ériu vi 121 § 5. otáam inar[m]bíu / nochotacca cusindíu `since we have been alive', Trip. 140.13 . ar ropo námasom na bíu do Laignib `in his lifetime', RC vi 165.34 ).

(d) the quick of the skin: bheith ag dol i mbeó ar Dhia . . . lé dubháilcibh to cause distress to God, TSh. 2296. tairnge i mbeó (prov.), Hard. ii 408.9 . táirnge a mbeó go raibh ann do bhonn, Éigse vi 6.29 .

See argat.

Compds. With nouns: cenmotha beoalma, Anecd. ii 59.1 . -athair in leg. technical term mac(c) b.¤ -athar son of a living father, hence a son unqualified to make valid contracts: gach mac beoathur nad bi saor a chor, Laws ii 288.7 . trí nata[t] túalaing sainchuir: mac beo-athar, ben aurnadma, dóer flatha, Triads 151 . rucus rāith ar mac ṁbeoathar, ZCP xv 311 § 7. -bethu: mess ┐ beobethu animal fodder, ZCP xii 366.10 ( PRIA xxxvi (1923) 310.5 ). Cf. also ZCP xvi 203 - 204 . ¤búaid: ' sin chrích badba co mbeó-búaid (bladbuaid, v.l.) `of living excellence (?)' (Notes), Metr. Dinds. iii 372.6 . ¤chned: dire beocneidhi `the penalty for a non-mortal injury', BCrólige 39 n. 6 . ¤chride: ni minec bar mearughudh / isin brugh co mbeocraidhi with beating heart, IT iii 89 § 114. As attrib. ar da n-echaib . . . beochridi blenarda, LL 10358. lé clódh beóchroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands' (?), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29. ¤chrod livestock: marggad beochruid bó ┐ (facs.) ech, LL 25108 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 480.1 ). ¤chruth: mic Metusalem do b'fhada bhí a mbeóchruith `in mortal shape', ITS iii 84.24 (1900) . ¤dartaid live calf: [d]ersaid bec beodartaid (beomartaid, v.l.). / mani tugedar (leg. tuigther, note) d'ilbíadaib, Ériu vii 6.12 . ¤dédail (?): Rind ┐ Faebur fegar / cen baegul ria mbeodedail, LL 20341 (untransl. Metr. Dinds. iii 272.6 ). ¤dil (leg. technical term, opposed to marbdil q.v.) animate possessions i.e. livestock: as-renar cona fuillem co ndiablad aithgine, mad marbdile: mad beodile, co n-as ┐ los ┐ fuilled ┐ fuillem, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 38 § 18 ( Laws ii 376.2 ). indile (.i. beo dile), O'D. 989 (H. 3.17, 853). ni tascnai fine, na orbu, na beodil, na marbdil `the live chattels', Laws ii 288.3 . ¤ḟedan: beo-ḟeadain . . . for feraib fedair `live carrying' (away on sick maintenance), BCrólige 58 . ¤gasrad: beóghasraidh `vigorous company', Studies 1920, 417. 18 . ¤idbart living offering: amal rundgab in beuidbart sin gl. uitulus, Ml. 87b9 . ¤mainchine service during life: bar mbéomaicne (mbeomainchine, v.l.) ┐ bur marbmaicne (marbmainchine, v.l.), Acall. 3506. ¤thlus livestock: fear ro ba saidhbhre i nErinn a mb.¤ , AFM iv 1128.18 .

Of fire: (?) ¤bruiden burning hostel: adcíat in daigid nduilig / 'na brainig don beó-bruidin (breó-, v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iv 236.35 . ¤chaindell: fri beocaindle with burning candles i.e. clear testimonies of witnesses ( Bürgschaft 7 § 3 n. 2), ZCP xiii 20.7 . atait secht fiadnaise . . . ite secht mbeocaíndle and ro forosnad gae cach rig seven burning candles i.e. certain disastrous events accepted as evidence of his `falsehood,' Laws iv 52.9 . See BCrólige 58 notes. forath ni acair acht beo-cainneall a flaitheas . . . acht an tí dana taithnemach é amail caindill (sic leg., Stokes, Laws Crit. 8 ) mbi .i. mac flatha, ┐ ua aroile, Laws iv 380.3 . ¤grís living flame: co ro bheathaidhsiot beóghrís a seangomh, AFM vi 2054.2 . an tshacramuint-si . . . do bheith 'na béoghrís gacha subhāilce dhamh `stimulant' (Gloss.), Parrth. Anma 5122. ¤luisne burning flame, brand: ar clann Fheóraisne sa n-eachra / b.¤ i n-am debtha díbh, IGT Decl. ex. 179. ¤theine blazing fire: fúair bás ┐ beó-thenid (breo-, v.l.) `he met death in fatal fire' (viz. the burning of Bruiden Da Choca), Metr. Dinds. iv 236. 16 .

With adjj. derived fr. nouns: ¤bríathrach of living words: bennacht Brenainn beobhriathraigh, Anecd. ii 32 § 3. ¤tharrach, ¤thlusach possessed of live-stock: gnithi manach beothlusach, O'Dav. 1530.

With vnn., life-, (while) living: ¤élud (in Laws, in contr. with mairb-élud) abandoning, evading while living (the obligations of tenancy): fri beo-eludh, ZCP xiv 343 § 5 ( Laws ii 228.16 ). ¤léiciud: (of ensuring discharge of liabilities between co-tenants) sith aili no beolegud nascaither na smacta so iarsin `living deposits i.e. witnesses' (Mann. and Cust. i cxcii n. 347), O'Curry 31 (H. 3.18, 13a). ¤scarad (of the termination of a contract between flaith and tenant in the lifetime of the parties) separation during life: atait secht mbeoscartha do flathib ┐ a n-aiccillnib imis-fuaslaice[t] dligid do coraib, ZCP xiv 383 § 48 ( Laws ii 312.21 ).

As intensive prefix oft. meaning deadly: ¤chobra speech before death, farewell: beochobra Con Culaind isind ló fúair bás, LL 13845.

With second element expressing action causing danger to or deprivation of life. ¤bág: a topur na tonn táide / moambí bocur beó-báige `round which hung a threat of mortal import' (sic leg. Corr.), Metr. Dinds. iii 344.8 . ¤gletin deadly (?) combat: ba balc-gent co mbeó-gletin `mortal in conflict', Metr. Dinds. iv 188.24 . ¤marb slain: co fagbaindse a n-eltae beómarbae isnaib slébib, LU 9321. ¤chorach: flaith Dúine Bárc beó-choraig `of deadly-hurling D.B.', Metr. Dinds. iv 8.32 . ¤gonaid, ¤gonaigid wounds but doesn't kill (?), to the quick: bertatar cloic (sic) cach fir beógaíti leo ass, LU 8003 (BDD). māth bēoguin rogonae nech `a life-wound ', Cáin Ad. 44. R. do dul beoghonta dia thigh `severely wounded', AFM iv 690.3 . créad do bheoghnuigh snódh na gréine ? `what has deformed the features of the sun ?' O'Rah. 146.2. ¤loitte, ¤loittithe severely, fatally wounded: beoloiti, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 . rucad Conn beoloitide forin nGrencha .. . et sepulerunt , 1411.28 . ¤marbad act of slaying, killing: do bhualadh ┐ do bheomharbhadh to knock down and kill (viz. cattle), AFM v 1470.15 . ¤thollad act of piercing to the quick: beara . . . ré beó-tholladh bocht-anam ann, TSh. 6677.

With first element bí- see bícherb, bíchim.

1 bith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bith or dil.ie/5971
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: inb, betho, beotho, betha, biuth, bithu, bithe, mbetha, bethaib

n u, m. GOI §§ 73 , 307 . n s. an b.¤ , Blathm. 245. a s. inb, Wb. 22b13 . g s. betho, 1a3 , 14b10 , 29a8 , 31b18 , Ml. 16c5 , 54a15 , 88a3 , beotho, Wb. 11a19 . betha, 15d9 . Ml. 46d6 , 68b9 . d s. biuth, Wb. 12c16 , Ml. 24b13 . a p. bithu, Wb. 4c4 . bithe, Beatha Bharra 62.111 , BNnÉ 7 § 23 . g p. mbetha, LU 2001 ( FA 6 ). d p. bethaib, Imr. Brain 26. b.¤ m. (acht gan illradh aige), IGT Decl. § 71.

I

(a) the world: isin biuthso gl. in hoc mundo, Wb. 12d4 . isin mb.¤-sa gl. in hunc mundum, 29b14 . is dered ṁbetho inso `this is the end of the world', 10b3 . fon mb.¤ `throughout the world', Thes. ii 334.4 (Hy. v). do thustin an betha, Ériu ii 98 § 1. tuigithir blath inb.¤ `blossom covers the world', Ériu xxii 41 § 4 (MS). ad-comaicc a erball do thochur in beatha tar a cheann (of Leviathan), BDD² 503. no sirfed . . . in m[b]ith mbras, LU 3554 ( SCC 29 ). céin boí in díliu forsin b.¤ (for b.¤ v.l.), Airne F. 76. in b.-sa is b.¤ cáich ar n-uair `this world belongs to each (generation) in turn', Ériu ix 48 § 22. m'ænur dolod forsin mb.¤ `alone I came into the world', ii 56 § 14 . da mad he in b.¤ uli dogebtha, PH 7581. timcheall an betha `round the world', TTebe 4471 . cech noeb . . . bias / for b.¤ barrglass broenach, Gorm. 250 Ep. § 1 . báidhtir an bioth, DDána 26.16 . do lucht an bheatha, TSh. 7645. Freq. in phr. fir betha inhabitants (men) of the world, mankind, people: fir betho, Ml. 16c5 . di ḟeraib Hérenn nach di feraib betha, BDD² 917.

Often in theolog. sense the (temporal or material) world as opposed to the spiritual one: ó deithidin in betho .i. ó sétchi, Wb. 10b15 . amal ro mbo marb Ísu don biuthso `dead to this world', 15b25 . ní car Brigit būadach b.¤ , Thes. ii 327.13 (Hy. v.). mo chlūasa / . . . / nār ēistet . . . / . . . for b.¤ bētach the shameless world, ZCP vi 259 § 3. docotar . . . fri tola in betho `to worldly desires', Wb. 29d8 . See 1 cé.

(b) land, territory, soil: urcollud b.¤ brug betha go banna .i. uasal-collud for in mb.¤ .i. for in tír, O'Dav. 312. dobeir in ṁblicht isin ṁb.¤ , Ériu ix 50 § 37. bid íatt bus mesa / dūibh for b.¤ Banba, ZCP viii 110. 31 . lachttrom dúibh an bioth `the land', Magauran 354 .

(c) existence, life: i ndiththrub in beotho `in the desert of Life', Wb. 11a19 . ná ragad ar cúlu . . . co bruinni mbrātha ┐ betha, TBC-I¹ 1834. báire an bheatha `life's game', Dán Dé vii 3 . ar táille an bheatha i n-a mbíod span of life, xxiii 25 . Note also: amal aipgitir in betha `the alphabet of the fauna', Auraic. 5600.

In ds. in phrases ar-beir, airbert, comairbert biuth, see these words.

In phr. isin b.¤ , for (ar) b.¤ in the world, in existence; hence developing to anywhere, at all; (follg. a noun) any, whatsoever, see also s.v. 1 cía; freq. follg. a noun in neg. sentences nothing, no(one) at all: can co rabur acht oenlá . . . ar b.¤ but one day alive, TBC-LL¹ 1112. baterc for b.¤ mnai a samail for chóemi scarcely anywhere was there to be found, PH 830. na Ulltach eli for b.¤ `or any Ultonian', MR 38.16 . imad dérchointe . . . ┐ cecha eccumsanta for b.¤ of every unrest whatsoever, PH 4314. a bpéin budh mó san mbioth `in the greatest possible pain' (Gloss.), Desid. 1440. gibé ar bioth ní whatever , 593 . ni chumaic tra nech for b.¤ (isin b.¤ frecnairc-sea, LU 1996 ) tuaruscbail . . . na n-oirecht sin, FA 6 (LB). nac fitir a chuphus for (ar v.l.) b.¤ cidh no biadh doib donn orgain, Anecd. ii 49 § 11. nach béradh aen troigh teichid . . . ar comha ar b.¤ , Cog. 252.18 = ar coma sa b.¤ , 186.10 . ní háil leam . . . obair ar bioth shaoghaltha, Desid. 2511. ní fhuil ar bioth eascairde aguinne as mó, 478 . Note also: ba lōr a onōraighi . . . ar b.¤, dia madh rī no-biadh ann grand . . . enough indeed for a king, Fl. Earls 46.z . ar b.¤ any, Eg. Gl. 707. nom-bera ar bith at all events, RC xxiv 60 § 19. tar gach mbioth ` everywhere ', BS 30.22 . See McCaughey, SGS xii 30 - 33 .

II Age, period (see GOI § 365 ): is hé in b.¤ dédenach diand ebrath b.¤ sīl Chuind ┐ Muman ind [ḟ]laith co bráth, ZCP viii 313.30 . b.¤ cc. rob. ccl. a `bith' is 200 years, a `robith' 250, O'Curry 21 (H.3.18, 9b). o rosaigh co dechnemur is ann is ro b.¤ , 20 (ibid.) ? ic turc[a]bail na mbithó, Lism. L. 760. In phr. isna (tre, tria) bithu for ever: is dia bendachthe isna bithu gl. benedictus in secula, Wb. 4c4 . tria bithu na mbetha (Lat. per saecula saeculorum), LU 2001 ( FA 6 ). tre bithu betha (= in saecula), Lat. Lives 2 § 2. noco techtai sruth intí ná eissi acht lán tre bithu (= semper), 29 § 23. ro hedhbhradh dó hí trí bithe 'was surrendered up to him in perpetuity', Beatha Bharra 62.111 ​​​​. anaid hi sist ┐ hi ccairdes tre bithe, BNnÉ 7 § 23​ . piana ... o nach ternaife tré bíthe, Aisl. Tond. xiii 3 . See sír.

Compds. (freq. bid- in Wb., but cf. bith- 3b4, 3b7, 24a17). Only in meaning lasting, permanent, perpetual (later also as intensive and/or alliterative prefix). Cf. b.¤ .i. sir, Corm. Y 126 n. 8 . nad etsa bas b.¤ , ACC 98 (indep. use of bith ever , Misc. Hib. 50 § 366 ).

With adjj.: ag Tegh Moling biothainglighi ` ever-angelic ', BS 80.y . an ógh bithálainn bennaighthe `beauteous', BNnÉ 275 § 254 . robo bith-buaghlach (? -báoglach) bailedhach buadhartha, O'Dav. 297. act bid bidbéo gl. non moritur, Wb. 3b2 . is bithbeo corp crist, 3b4 . bad bithbíi i n-ísu, 3b7 . totchurethar bíi bithbi (rhetoric), LU 10027. teine bithbéo ` perpetual ' (Vocab.), Críth G. 180. a bhó bhithbhliocht always rich in milk (of Mary), Aithd. D. 97.27 . fear biothcaithmheach ` constantly-spending ', AFM v 1424.26 . nipsa bla bithdilis (b.¤ diles, v.ll.) inalienable , Anecd. ii 60.6 . it bithdommai sidi dǽ gente gl. inopes, Ml. 36c14 . bithḟotai sidi gl. uocalibus semper longuis, Sg. 5b 1 . bithgairddi gl. perpetuo breues, Sg. 5a14 . scieth bithghel, TBC St. 4561. Ol ṅguala .i. dabach Geirg, for lár in tige bithlán ` ever-full ', Ériu iv 30.25 . Brigit bé bithmaith `ever excellent', Thes. ii 323.1 (Hy. iv). a cind secht mbliadan mbithmas, ZCP v 23 § 4 . no-meilinn léini mbithnuí, Lament 2 . combi bidslán ` ever-sound ', Wb. 4d33 . cen soinmigi ┐ doinmigi do tecmung . . . acht robu bithsóinmech doib, Ml. 90c27 . for pianad bithsuthin `in the everlasting punishment', Ml. 26d12 .

With nouns: .iiii. bliadna pennite ┐ bith-ailithre (= cum peregrinatione perenni), Ériu vii 144 § 21. beannacht ┐ bithbheannacht perpetual blessing, DDána 120.31 . bithbés troiscta `continual fasting', Mon. Tall. 161.1 . uita aeterna .i. . . . bid bidbethu, Wb. 4a13 . immin bidbethid, 15c14 . i mbithchāin `as a perpetual law', Cáin Ad. 28. bithchen do thíchtu, MU² 58. comalta ┐ fer bithchotaig dam, LU 6007 (TBC). mnā do uhith i mbithdōire in perpetual bondage, Cáin Ad. 16. bithfer fíta na riaglae one who keeps to the prescribed ration, Mon. Tall. 151.24 . donfé don bithflaith `eternal kingdom', Thes. ii 325.16 (Hy. iv). do bithgres always, SR 4912. ní dúthrais a bithingnais `his perpetual absence', Thes. ii 291.10 . [i m]bithphennit, Wb. 24a17 . bidserc doib gl. inseruerunt sé doloribus multis, Wb. 29b23 .

With vnn. doarngert bithanad isin chill sin, RC xxiv 56 § 17. bhithbeith gan forcenn i fudhomhnuibh pian, Ériu ii 122 § 63. biddixnugud fírinne `eternal existence', Wb. 14c31 . bidfoglim doib gl. semper discentes, 30c15 . in bithiata hi robaid riam `of the perpetual closure', Ml. 46a8 . ba ferr lim dobertha oldaas a bithtarṅgire than to be constantly promised, Mór M. 262 § 1.6 .

With vbs. ( GOI § 384 ): ro-bithbéo it pardus `may I be for ever', Fél. Ep. 39. faithchi i mbithbiat caírig `in which there are always' (Vocab.), Críth G. 198. in Coimde robhithbhai ┐ bhithbias, Ériu ii 106 § 19. ? is fris con bith bennaib búredar (= bith-buireadar co mbennaib, ed., 105 n.43), ZCP xi 87 § 48. a Chrīosd, bhiothmhairios ad th'airdrígh, Parrth. Anma 4827.