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aintrellach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aintrellach or dil.ie/1561

 

n boar (?): a richt antrellaig allaid, ZCP iii 31.5 = i ndeilb thuirc allaid, Imr. Brain ii 289 § 8 .

1 airbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airbe or dil.ie/1609
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: Airbiu

vn. of ar-fen. io, [n.] d s. Airbiu, LL 14067 . Later f. (often as dental stem) oirbe, IGT Decl. § 3 .

(a) hedge, fence, paling: ní bíd clad na hairbi na caissle im thír, LU 10568 . cūaille airbed inna lāim, Cáin Ad. § 3 . dogníther cuairt nairbed uime, Thr. Ir. Gl. 22.29 = d'imbe, Corm. Y 674 . teit C. . . . ┐ ataig a thraig fri airrbe, LL 14115 . bla cuaille airbi, Laws iii 290.10 . caithe tar a.¤ , iv 124.z Comm. teit tar airbid do saigid feoir aili, 110.27 Comm. aithgin na n-aile ┐ na n-a.¤ ón macc, i 98.8 Comm. re hoiledaib ┐ re hairbedaibh, iii 186.2 Comm. ailedha ┐ airbedha, O'Dav. 281 . cith . . . cor bris gach oirbi i tarla, RC xviii 151.3 (Tig.). a tighe ┐ a airbeadha, AFM ii 652.3 . co ndernsat daingen airbhe etorra ┐ a namhaitt, vi 2220.17 . a.¤ druad druidic hedge, name of some magic obstruction to keep off an enemy (see TTr. p. 129 , V. SS. Hib. i clxi ): co raeirgatar a n-airbeda drúad impu, LL 239a47 ( TTr. 1672 ). F. . . . as é do righne ind erbhe ndruadh do Diarmait, AFM i 194.11 . Fig. a a.¤ ibair ` yew fence ' (term of reproach addr. to a person), Bruchst. i 27 § 60 . Mathias tend eirbe, Gorm. Jan. 30 . Of a shield: gur bo hoirbhe tréitholl . . . an tromsgiath don toinnseamh sin, ML 88.17 . Cf. tolla. (1 toll).

(b) Various applications. pen for animals: acht bid o lias no a.¤ adriastar a laegh `provided it be in . . . a pen her calf is tied', Laws iii 228.7 . tuircc airrbe, O'Curry 881 ( H 3.18, 394b ); 'a pen-reared(?) boar ' EIF 85 . a brog no a lamann do fagbail don gataid a mbel na ha.¤ , 2427 ( Eg. 88, 33(34)d ). maic becca doairchellat bó ┐ cethra olchena im airbhetha `within their pens', Ériu ii 206 § 26 . ruba lín in fiada .i. cosa in lín .i. osairbe . . . .i. fer benas ruba lin i tír a chéli cin athchomarc .i. . . . in a.¤ (of catching game by driving it into a space enclosed by a deer-fence), O'Dav. 1366 . le hosnaduibh elbhadh / a n-orsanaibh oirbedh, IGT Decl. ex. 156 . Of the ribs of the body: airbhe .i. asna, O'Cl. co ndrochradar . . . doid fri dóid . . . ┐ airbhi fri hairbhi, TBC-LL¹ p. 381 n.6 . acc aicsin a airrbhi bháin / forsan tráigh ós Aingi uair, AFM i 480.15 . a dá a.¤ `his two ribs', Metr. Dinds. iii 372.87 . toidet . . . a.¤ in mīl mhōir, Ériu ii 124 § 71 . Of fighting-men phalanx, serried rank: cenmotha na ha.¤ mora Maicedondai, Alex. 43 . athe regdai a n-airrbe friu, Rawl. 83b12 (= airbre, Ériu vi 121.z ). crothais A. a.¤ īath nEthomuin, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 17 § 3 ( Rawl. 116c 13 ). na hairbheda órarmacha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.10 . ag taobscannradh a tiugoirbedh `their close-packed files', 67.38 . do dhruim comharc . . . nó togharma an airbhe, L. Cl. A. B. 46.38 . go rabatar na rígcholna ina réidairbedaib ar na raonródaib (description of carnage), Caithr. Thoirdh. 42.6 . fálairbi ferrda . . . Frangc, MR 214.17 . gor ba a.¤ aighbéil anrata iat-sein eturru (of raised weapons), 140.11 . In n.loc. A.¤ Roḟir in Conaille Murthemne, see Walsh, ZCP viii 555 . Dún na nAirbed, LU 399 .

Cf. eirbe.

airm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airm or dil.ie/2231

 

Forms: armand

n f. n p. armand, LU 11056 . place: is sruith ind a.¤ indid epiur, Wb. 4b26 . isind airmm gl. ubi, 4d2 . hu a.¤ gl. e rigione, Ml. 119a8 . a.¤ cussu rucad i slait / is í tuc ainm dond Eoraip, LL 16354 . rancatar co a.¤ i mboí F., LU 3350 ( SCC 14 ). acht co fíasur in n-a.¤ atá, 3373 (ib. 16). dia cloisir do guth cosin a.¤ seo, Laws v 190.7 Comm. Compd. 'na harmfocus `near at hand', Ériu xvi 161 § 8 . a.¤ .i. ionadh, O'Cl.

With the interrog. part. cía a.¤, cairm in what place? where?: ni fiastar som cia a.¤ indid immaircide do epert amén, Wb. 12d18 . cairm (.i. ubi .i. cid cairm .i. ubi) i cúala clūas `where hath ear of anyone heard it? Thes. ii 332.5 (Hy. v). cairm in tibre dam? where wilt thou give (it) to me? Trip.² 1939 . cisi a.¤ hi táside?, LU 3346 ( SCC 13 ). indid damse cit n-armand / hi fil chend erred Ul[ad], LU 11056 . ro chanustar C. ca ha.¤ a fuil D., MR 178.17 .

As conj. where (see GOI p. 546 ): a.¤ i fuirsitis in torcc arimbad and furruimtis a praintech there where they should find a boar, there they should put their refectory, Thes. ii 242.4 (Ardm.). a.¤ i naisṅdethat de dubiis generibus `the place in which they treat of double genders', Sg. 70b13 . a.¤ hi foí, BDD² 488 . a marbadh a.¤ ar saraigh comurba Brigde, RC xvii 381.9 . dóig rafetatar a.¤ condricfaitis na da curaid, LL 10234 . a.¤ .i. baile no inad . . . muna bat reille relltecha a.¤ concurtar cuir, O'Dav. 158 . nach a.¤ wherever: nach a.¤ indatochrathar im imséna `wherever they may happen to be concerned about a conflict of evidence', Críth G. 418 and n. nach a.¤ ata homo his isin scriptuir is do tormach aprisce doen da scripthuir, Hib. Min. 13.454 . nach a.¤ im mbid naidm, Laws v 368.12 Comm.

ar-tá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-tá or dil.ie/4326
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airbaid

v (the forms found are consistent with those given under attá). Very freq. with inf. pron. in dat. sense. Vn. airbaid?

(a) In physical sense is before, is in front of, is present: slúagad n-ímdub arubtha, LU 4665 ( TBC-I¹ 202 ). gia rasfacaib Cú gan chess / arthá (uair fil v.l. Stowe) crú ma chaladchness blood is present(?), TBC-LL¹ 791 . ? ba gen ┐ fáilte arbíth ar medón ar imtholtain in dá mac there was laughter and joy, TBFr. 114 (sic MS.). ? doadbadar híc nád roscribad do suidib cedacht etarrobe (et arrobe, Sarauw, see note in Thes.) scribent doiib `yet it contained a teaching to them' (i.e. there was in the epistle to the Colossians a message to the Laodiceans), Wb. 27d13 . adbul físi armothá is before my eyes, LL 208a10 . dā rīg trīchat—ardomthā `thirty-two kings there have been—it lies before me' (i.e. the author had a regnal list before him), Celtica v 214 § 9 . forba Eogain ardomtha is in my exemplar ? (? remains to be accounted for, see (e) below), Fen. 314.5 .

(b) is at the head of, excels, surpasses: lan ndire i sét arabi setaib, Laws i 274.3 Comm. Cf. arabí .i. is ferr, ut est [sét] arabi sétuib .i. sét is ferr fhir bís dona sétuibh, O'Dav. 106 . dona bo eiruchuib arabi bo eruchu, Laws ii 152.18 Comm. bo eire arabi bo eire, 21 Comm. asrenar cip dond doberar la rig no rechtaire rig arabi tuath (sic) who is foremost in the territory, iii 240.23 . torc arabí treut `the boar that is the best of the herd', O'Dav. 701 .

(c) is in store for, impends: hóre aruntáa uili techt ar cenn Crist do mess fornn, Wb. 25d25 . arabitis gl. quae instabant, Ml. 43d15 . doadbanar dō annī aradmbí, Corm. Y 756 . ardotraib bennacht cobrath, Rawl. 161a50 . ōen aratha `one thing awaits', Cáin Ad. 21 . níbu shirsan duit . . . aní ardottá; ardottá mór n-imnid, TBFr. 371 . arottá so ollgábad, Comp. CC 57 § 79 (but see Celtica xxi 202 ). arubta amser bas trom, ZCP viii 315.8 . bid trom dīgal aratha / in slān fallach nād ruicc heavy will be the punishment in store for the laggard who arrives not, vii 310 § 5 . arumthá echtre dia tig, Imr. Brain 49 . cid arunta? what is before us? ZCP viii 312.28 . is mōr ar[a]thā (arathá v.l.) / thoitimm la echtranda many are doomed to fall, ZCP xiii 379.6 . is tuilled péine ros ta and, IT i 181.21 (leg. arosta, Vendryes, RC xxxiv 451 ). andsa piana ardom-thaat, Ériu ii 122 § 61 . ni theseba do slondu[d]-su don tīr-se: issed ōn aratā, Dinds. 127 ( RC xvi 80 ). gébas Ailech armothá i rré ar bia `in the time to come', Arch. Hib. ii 50 § 34 . asbert iarom Scathach . . . aní aridboí dia forciund S. told him what destiny was in store for him, LU 10347 . rofitir ní aridmbái he knew what was in store for him, ZCP iii 44 § 22 . meth a gníma itir ní do dicet ┐ ni arabi for nech ar id serba, etc., O'D. 975 ( H 3.17, 679 d). olc sén uare ar dotbí, Mór M. 267 § 11 .

(d) With DE results from: cech rí nad choisc a maccu / issed arbí de taccu, LL 19141 . rofitir inní arbíad de, Trip.² 539 .

(e) remains over: ished inso arathá gl. reliquum est, Wb. 10b3 . ished arthá inso búaid et indocbál domsa gl. in reliquo possita est mihi corona iustitiae, 30d13 . artáa gl. (o mihi sola mei) súper (Astyanactis imago), Sg. 215b4 . restat .i. arta, Thes. ii 44.4 . a lleth n-aile arata the other half which remains, Lib. Hymn. 32.16 . is and gébthair aní arathá the remainder, Trip.² 2892 . sescach Illaind aratha / Eas nGabra ni imrega I.'s stock, which survive (him?), will not, etc., Anecd. i 13.11 ( SCano 423 ). a mbec arathá din dom saegulsa `though little of my life remains to me', RC iii 179.9 ( LL 13991 ). is miach di cach(a) mis ara-bi co ceand mbliadna for every month that remains, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 56 § 28 .

(f) In follg. ar-tá with inf. pron. is perh. to be translated has, is wearing, etc.: ardomthā cugat cōeca scīath bana, ZCP xiii 175.20 . dornasc d'ór aromthá, LU 3977 ( SCC 45 ). is si caindell ardustá, 3688 (ib. 33 ). ní fess adbar (sic leg. , Corr.) ardosfail what they are made of (the material they have?), Metr. Dinds. iii 130.40 . in tṡlabrad gel ardusbái (sic leg., Corr.), 122.44 . ingnadh adbul asromtha (sic) / for mu chraidhi fo cerdba, Ériu ii 95 § 2 .

See arafia.

ascalt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ascalt or dil.ie/4399

 

n m. scarcity, dearth: a.¤ .i. es gelt; nō as-colt .i. es-colt .i. colt biad, Corm. Y 6 , Ériu xiii 61 § 4 . int a.¤ mor ┐ fames, AU i 228.11 . ascolt ┐ tinorgna, Hib. Min. 40.26 . ascolt inar conaib, 66.16 . ascolt mor for cethraibh isind erruch, AU i 396.1 . Of the death of a king: issed atrubairt rí Breg / is ascult ríg a munter, LL 299a28 ( SG 368.28 ). Referring to diseases of cattle: conach .i. in tasgalt no in caile, O'Curry 657 (H 3.18, 320). bóár .i. in ta.¤ no caile, O'D. 806 (H 3.17, c. 577). bó ár ┐ a.¤ isin mbliadhainsi, AFM ii 930.6 .

1 bath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bath or dil.ie/5490
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: baath, báth, baath

n [o, n.]. Also baath, báth. See GOI § 704 , § 728 (vn. of *ba-, Meyer, Wortk. 182 , a secondary formation based on pret. Ériu xxxiv 117 , GOI § 728 ) death: athabae quasi b.¤ .i. bās, Corm. Y 63 . bōbaith .i. bō-b.¤ ┐ b.¤ bās. Is ē in bōar , 135 . baath, RC xx 170 § 31. dibadh ┐ b.¤ na menn / ba ┐ temel . . . / ag sloinned ega gan feall, Metr. Gl. 3.3 . dibad ┐ b.¤ ┐ baa ┐ bú ┐ cel ┐ bas ┐ macht ┐ ort ┐ teme de nomina mortis, n.2 . b.¤ ┐ ort marbadh fer, 13 § 25. In gl. on re chuairt duinebad: baad eipiltin ar na daini . . . amhuil ro bui in Buide Connaill no in mortlac muintire Partolain .i. amhuil gorta . . . .i. díbadh na ndaine, Laws i 50.16 Comm. co na bi baad d'eipiltin ar na dainib, iii 14.6 Comm. , cf. badad, 12.32 Comm. O'Dav. 136. dosbér uili i mbas i mb.¤ , SR 2431. ro fersat cath . . . / cen b.¤ ar fut na haidche, 3048 . secht n-athni dar Éirinn / bat ile [a] batha, ZCP x 343.18 . tiag-sa for cath cói / mór bas b.¤ dom ré `great will be the end to my life', PRIA xix 538 § 32 ( LU 9956 ). fer líath rogoin rogonar / rodaim do b.¤ co mbi toll death (?), Fianaig. 24.16 . suan re bás bricht-bodba (sic leg.); beg bríga bebsat bi b.¤ midlách, MR 170.8 . destruction: ag cur bháth ar mhór-bhailtibh, GJ iv 15.13 . ? foimned dīgal dōen dognī / inat aingil ita b.¤ (: rath) (aingil a digb., v.l.), ZCP vii 312 § 27.

In compd.: teora blīadna īarum cen meth / hi Cnámross bied ríghbath, ZCP xiii 377.9 .

bíast, béist

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíast, béist or dil.ie/5830

 

Forms: píast, péist, best, béist, biastae, biasta, béssti, biastai, besti, biasta, biast, béstib, péisd, béisd, best

n f. (Lat. bestia). Also píast, péist q.v. n s. best, Sg. 37b6 . béist, PH 7204. g s. na biastae , Fél.² Ep. 472 , na biasta , PH 7223. n pl. béssti, Wb. 31b21 . biastai, Ériu ii 104 § 15. a pl. besti, Thes. i 4.31 . g pl. biasta, Ml. 121d8 , SR 892 , biast, LU 2157. d pl. béstib, PH 7201. péisd béisd f., IGT Decl. § 43.

(Wild) beast, monster (on applications see píast): bēist a bestia (beistia, MS.), Corm. Y 106. béssti olca doesmet fuili gl. malae bestiae, Wb. 31b21 . best gl. ferus, Sg. 37b6 . ní frí de biid foindel inna mbiasta gl. peruagatio bestiarum, Ml. 121d8 . ro láithea for bíastaib they were thrown to wild beasts, Fél. Prol. 41. fochairt . . . allaili m-beasti n-uathmair (huathmar, MS.) amail leoman `encountered some dreadful beast', RC xi 446.1 . (of a wild boar) donti dotraethfadh in bést bithgranda bedgnimach sin, ZCP vi 279.18 . búithreadh na mbiasd n-uaithbhéalda `brutes', TD 4.33 . Of fabulous monsters, dragons, water-monsters, etc.: roattaig in beist Brenaind . . . frisin beist ole `the monster besought B. . . . against the other beast', Thes. ii 335.19 (Hy. v Comm.). cenglais uad in beist . . slicht na biasta, Fél. 90.35 , 37 . luid cosin ṁbéist, ba bidg baeth, RC xxiii 304 § 3 ( LL 4008 ). gaibthi in béist assind uisci, TBFr. 229. conos-tarla i mmuir . . . ┐ nocon-faccatar biastai na hanmannai and eter na carrce, RC x 54. 6 ( LU 1884 ). cenn na biasta (piasta, v.l.), Ériu xvi 36.41 . (of magical monstrous cat) in beis[t], LU 8765 , 8766 ( FB 57 ). (of a dragon) ni ro an don beist co nderna aighedha fogalta feolscaeilti di, Grail 2040 . srotha tened . . . a belu na biasta, PH 7235. Míchéal thall ro bhuail an mbéisd, Dán Dé xxvi 56 = IGT Introd. § 63. tug tú do bhreith ar bhíasdaibh / crú re slíasdaibh eich ésgaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1225. cuili, biasta, brecnata vermin , SR 3934. bēist ass andsam robói i nHērinn in Cet, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 § 3 ( LL 14309 ). nocht do bhrataigh 'na biasd sróill (of a battle-standard), SGS iv 138 § 6.

Compd. in mbiast-chat ( a s.) monster-cat , BNnÉ 77 § 146 .

1 bir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bir or dil.ie/5933
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: biur, biur, ṁbir, biur, beura, bear, bearann

n u, n. Later m. O. Ir. biur, b.¤ a s. biur, TBC-I¹ 1255 , a nōmad ṁbir , 1258 . d s. biur, LU 5733. n a p. beura, Sg. 67b11 ( GOI 198 ). b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 71. g p. bear, ex. 1544 , bearann (: fearann), ex. 1541 .

Stake, spit; point; spear; spike: beura gl. sudes, Sg. 67b11 . sudum .i. inna[m]bir, Gild. Lor. 152. bir a ueru , O'Mulc. 151. braga .i. b.¤ -āga. Aige ainm b.¤ , Corm. Y 161. berid .ix. mbera culind . . . laiss nine spits of holly (for use as spears), LU 5726. sríd N. biur for C.C., 5728 . for rind in bera, 5729 . focheird-sium b.¤ for C., TBC-LL¹ 1947. biaid do chend ar bir, 3476 . for rindriis na mbera, LU 5733. gan nach n-arm . . . acht b. iairn ina láim, TBC-LL¹ 4245. beara iaraind, Todd Nenn. 60.3 . coica bera ara mbái rind / tuc leis do beraib cáirthind, RC vii 300.9 , 10 . nochan fuaratar b.¤ na bundsach isin tsligid-sin, Ann. Conn. 1225.12 . secht mbeara fiched d'iaron aithleghtha, RC xxix 124 § 27. co mberaib gera iairn `with sharp spikes of iron', PH 1240. bera bodba biraithi `darts', Cog. 160.27 . do soighdib . . . ┐ do beraib birgéra ┐ do laighnibh . . . lánmóra, Acall. 2829 v.l. do hinnledh na beara ┐ na r[e]anna uile ar a cheann `spears and darts', RC xxix 124 § 31. an bior ar nach rabha rinn, DDána 3.38 . agá dtreaghdadh do bhearaibh troma teinntidhe (one of the pains of hell), TSh. 1979. gin bera gin slegadh `stakes or spikes', Laws i 304.17 Comm. i ninde bera na corad stake of the (fishing) weir, Ériu xvii 68 § 9.12 ( Laws iv 212.12 Comm. ) ineich doberar a ind in uisci, for ind in bera, in t-iasc, Laws v 478.8 Comm. go mbearuibh omhna `with wooden shafts' (notes), O'R. Poems 684. mé do lá b.¤ 'na bonnaib `I thrust a spike into His feet', Ériu iv 114.21 . lorg bear a bhonn mbeoghonta, DDána 54.14 . sa derna do bhí fan mbir (: fuilngir), IGT Decl. ex. 1149. b.¤ bodba `warlike point', TTebe 2818 . acht muna faice bera no slega `unless he saw the dangerous thing', (lit. `spikes or spears',) Laws i 178.15 Comm. iii 500.23 Comm. Cf. beara .i. sleagha, O'Cl.

Cooking or roasting spit: b.¤ bruinnes, LL 3649 (see Petrie Tara, Plate 8). b.¤ co lúdh, YBL 419a27 (Petrie Tara 189, 5-9). b.¤ Neithin, fulacht na Morrígna, inneóin in Dagda `N.'s spit', Triads 120 . ro iorlamhaighsit . . . do bhior ┐ do choire by roasting and boiling, TFrag. 72.15 . féoil om ar beraib ca[e]rthind `on spits of rowan', RC vii 300.16 . láeig beca ar beraib / a fedaib Cáibden, LL 37949 ( SG 364.33 ).

Other applications: fūaratar bās do beruib / ōn muic dísgir druimremuir `by the tusks' (of a boar), Fianaig. 54.19 . dothuit hi Fidga . . . di bir ois antler (?), ZCP xii 238 § 63. earca brech biathuis da b.¤ .i. gai `countless wolves fed he with his spear' ( MS. Mat. 481.11 ), LL 380b38 = LL 6398. `plug or tent for a wound (?),' TBC St. Gloss.: do lingetar a bera (sic leg., ed.) dhe, ib. 4905 . Expld. as hand in B. na f.: beara (.i. lāmha) nach lang (.i. fada), ZCP v 484 § 6 (= ZCP iii 378.13 ). Of dressing for a wound (or a tent ?): do lingeatar a bhera de co raithin cinn bera, Éigse ix 186 n. 14 (24 P 4 p. 211) .

Compds. With nouns: foghluim an bhiorchleasa `dart- feat', RC xxix 126 § 32. barrthagar / birchogad, IT iii 105 § 208 . bir-crand (.i. in berb-crand, 484.18 Comm.) treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 . biorchrainn caola slender arrows, DDána 111.23 . do gaínib ┐ birínib ┐ slegínib ┐ birchruadib `hard points' (Táin 2222), TBC-LL¹ 2544 = LU 6401. bir chúaille (? birch.) `sharp spike', Imr. Brain 65.28 . garbeccur grainemail do birfiaclaib barrglassa `of spiky teeth', CCath. 4027. Trí Bior-ghaoithe an Bháis `Three Shafts of Death' (here perh. in sense of tent for a wound, C. O'Rahilly, Éigse ix 186 ), TSh. p. 1. le racht biorghlóir `in sharp-voiced rage', Ó Bruad. iii 212.14 . sída is sróll . . . / sréin is buabae is birtenga, some kind (or part) of horse's headdress (?), SG 249.21 . ? Leg. bir-theng[th]a cooking-spits (?) Fil Súil nGlais 51 .

With adjj.: in torc . . . cusna fiaclaibh bir-athi, Laws v 444.16 Comm. eich . . . bir-cheanda with pointed heads, Leb. Cert. 212.10 . do bogadaib bircennaip, CCath. 5442. cor bo birḟocus cach fonnud issin charput sin next to a point, TBC-LL¹ 2544. do gháibh bega birghéra, Acall. 1802. do beraib bodba birguirt rinnaithi keen-pointed, CCath. 3154. See berach (b).

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

bóbath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bóbath or dil.ie/6209

 

n (bó + 1 bath): bobaith .i. bó bath. (bath) .i. bás. essidein in boár `a murrain ' (Corm. Tr.), Corm. 7.17 .

búrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. búrach or dil.ie/7469
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: búirech, búarach, búirech, buire

n o, n. Less freq. búirech (cf. búire, búirithir). Also appar. búarach.

(a) fury, rage; in some exx. perh. attack, onset: amb. roḟersat nacuraid, RC viii 56.10 . brath na baegul na b.¤ , LL 32383 ( TTr. 1574 ). cor'-imbir a b.¤ forru, TTr.² 1159. srenb. craidi cach míled, MU² 611. no-bíd danó Conchobar oc airbríathrad Chon Culainn, co-nna-rucad a búrach immach etir 'Conchobar, moreover, was ordering Cú Chulainn not to vent his rage at all', Tall. Étair 46.97 . rugsat . . . b.¤ / tré cath na ngall `made a brave charge', Cog. 114.5 . ó ro soich buirech a bedg (of hunted boar), Acall. 1792. in luthbás ┐ in b.¤ , TTr.² 1472. fri burach ferga, Ériu ii 130 § 99. co ro-cherddaind mo búraig (sic) ferge . . . far na sluagaib `my charge of anger', CRR 40. tabraid supa am crechtaib, corralar mo buaraigh mbais for Ultu despairing effort (?), B. Fermoy 32a . bud buarach bais duitsiu in comairle sin, RC xi 28.30 . ? nírop b.¤ betraighi, LL 386a44 , see 2 búarach.

In legal and quasi-legal contexts (here more usually búirech): is tre fhīr flathemon tēora blaī būirig im cach n-ōenach `Freiheiten von Zorn', ZCP xi 82 § 26 = tre blaī buraig cech coimdeth (buradhaigh, v.l.) . . . blaī āne ech . . . blaī . . . dūnaid . . . būaid cuirmthige, 93 § 28 (expld. by Thurneysen as occasions on which dissension might arise, but which are free of it during a good reign). Cf. messc n-aenaich fair mesc cuirmthige messc dunaid / a diguin im fer a faithchi is damna mburaig, Ériu xvi 182 § 32. ben for blai buirigh .i. for baile a ndentar agh borr ria, O'Dav. 309 = buire, 238 . ni tuidbenar ar baig na buirech . . . na forecar neicne aggression, fury, rape, O'D. 622 ( H 3.17, 463 - 464 ). ? dethbir ngnima ┐ buirech ninnraigh, O'Curry 1766 ( 23 Q 6, 36ab ). burach nindraig, O'D. 1617 (H. 5.15, 14a). buirach ninnra techt i slicht ga deirg iar nguin neich dot cairdib, 713 (H. 3.17, 521). indrud .i. orguin, ut est buirech [n-oldas v.l.] indrud ` outcry ', O'Dav. 1129.

(b) trench, pit, excavation (on relation of meanings (a) and (b) see TBC-LL¹ p. 894 n.6 , Loth, RC xli 372 - 4 ): concechlaid b.¤ (of a bull), LU 5332 (TBC). būrach trī fēindetha annīsiu, TBC-I¹ 2821 (of wound). b.¤ thrí bfeindeadh .i. borrágh trí bfeinneadh, no thri laoch, O'Cl. foclassa b.¤ dóib, TBC-LL¹ 6144. dá rás-tharbh . . . ic brisiudh búraigh, MR 298.19 . Perh. also: im burach do thene (`for the fury of thy fire'), Laws i 166.27 . co ramut bidbad, co buirech mbaiti, ZCP xii 363.13 .

In n. loc. Fergna . . . rí Búrig Ulad, MU² 326.

? callaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? callaig or dil.ie/8060
Last Revised: 2013

 

ind finn ar guairi cullaigh allaidh / callaigh gilla Ceallaigh, IT iii 86 § 85 ; 'a hair on the bristles of a fat (?) wild boar is Gilla Cellaig' EIS 161 § 64 . ? tucait a challaig, 160 § 64 . Cf. collach.

claideb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. claideb or dil.ie/9324
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -ib, -bi, claidib, cloidib, claidbi, claidhmhe, cloidmi, -me, cloidhemh, cloideb, claidem, cloideam

n o, m. but n pl. -ib and -bi. See Ériu xxii 192 . Exx. claidib, Ml. 77a1 . LU 8185 . MU² 592 . cloidib, BDD² 748 . claidbi, MU² 610 . claidhmhe, Ériu xiii 35.6 . cloidmi, -me, BB 271a47 . TTebe 1473 , PH 8111 . cloidhemh m., IGT Decl. § 53 . Also cloideb, claidem. (slashing) sword : cloideam gl. gladius, Ir. Gl. 461 . in c.¤ sin (ref. to gladium spiritus), Wb. 22d20 . faibur .i. c.¤ gl. machera, Ml. 75b11 . a nnunda-comart a ch.¤ `when Hiss word slew them', 36d9 . donfair co claidiub thened, Thes. ii 348.6 ( Hy. v 91 ). fuil fir tarcai a c.¤ for nech `who draws his sword', Laws v 362.y . las tarda fo glas claidhebh, Blathm. 80 (fo glaschlaidiub, ed.). de gail claidib Góli, Fél. Ep. 484 . coro [ṡ]ecsat a lláma imma claidbiu, Trip.² 1239 . a arm laích . . . .i. a c.¤ , LU 8875 ( FB 67 ). dogní claidiub craind isind fid, 5417 (TBC). c.¤ russi roindes crú, 3826 ( SCC 37 ). cobur fola fora claediub, 8338 ( FB 24 , rhet.). feib ra-chualatar cocetul claidib C[h]onaill, CRR 46.2 . domraiched craum c.¤ choilles toind, LL 12210 (TBC). fer find . . . ic fáebarchless ch.¤ úastu, MU² 541 . roberr māil fair cosin chloduib `cropped his hair with his sword', Ériu ii 22 § 3 . gurbo fuighell gae ┐ claidim d'Eōgan hé (of Conn who had been grievously wounded by Éogan), ML² 1921 . Michael . . . ┐ a cloidem derg tenntige i n-a láim, PH 7281 . is o chloidem atbéla ┐ is cloidem cúis a n-oideda, 3119 . co mbenad déiss (sic leg.) a chloidib fria muinél na déisi, Mer. Uil. 244 . do thréig camána ar chloidhmhibh, DDána 105.3 . ro gabh orlaimh cloidhim an Rígh chuga (of a new Lord Deputy entering upon his office), Hugh Roe² 146.23 . Cf. AFM vi 2020.2 . a chloidheamh nochtuighthe aige ag iarraidh síothchána ar Dhia (i.e. in threatening fashion), Párl. na mB. 821 . In epithet: Labraid Lúath / lam ar c.¤ , LU 3383 ( SCC 17 ). Referred to by n.pr.: mo chen Caladbolg c.¤ Leite, LL 12217 (TBC). nochtais [Cu Chulaind] in Cruadín Catutchend .i. a ch.¤ , 12720 . Used in swearing or binding to a contract: dothoṅgusa tar mo scíath ┐ tar mo ch.¤ , TBFr. 184 . nenaisg mac ḟior Fíothla im chloidheamh go mbriocht baoí ina laimh, Ériu xiii 34.17 . dosrat fo chlaidiub diglá, SR 4148 .

do-beir fo gin claidib puts to the sword, slays : téit fo gin claidib dies by the sword : dosbér fo gin claidib, Trip.² 1922 . rar-berthar uile fa gin gae ┐ chlaidib, TBC-LL¹ 2973 . Cf. also: doratsat fo gein cloidem ┐ gae a daine, Anecd. iii 68.1 . Cf. Éire do chur fa ghion gai ┐ claidhimh, Keat. i 128.7 . dochotar fo gin claideib, SR 5068 . conna térna ass acht a ndechuid do rind gai ┐ do gin chlaidib i.e. all died by the sword, IT i 76.10 ( LMU 15 ). co na dechadar acht a ndeachaid to rind gai ┐ do gin claidibh, Anecd. i 2.4 . See SCano 20 n.

Other figurative applications: in da míol . . . ┐ imus-tuairgdis co ticdis a claidib teniud asa mbeluib connici neolu nimi, IT iii 237.77 (perh. in sense of beam or ray of flame). claidebh na laimi in slindean shoulder-blade, Auraic. 1426 . lé cloidheamh an chraois, TSh. 2465 . gur chuir Dia cloidheamh an inneachaidh 'na thruaill taisgeadha, 5408 . go sgarthar a fhuil ┐ a fheoil-sin ó chéile re cloidheamh na mbriathar, Donlevy 422.9 . is claideb for sinistar (lux) a kenning or prov.(?), O'Mulc. 761 .

(b) tusk : re glondbeimnig a claideam no a clomair (of a boar), TTebe 872 .

For meaning beam see s.vv. cor(r)thar, garman, 1 táth.

Compds. droṅg claidebbemnech, LL 343a28 . fri cath croda claidebderg, SR 4982 . tūs cach catha cloideamgairg, ZCP viii 231 § 25 . curaid chroda claidebglais, Ériu viii 70.86 . ríoghradh chalma cloidheamhghlas, Aithd. D. 16.40 . co nniurt curad claidebruad, SR 5734 . iar ṅgless le claidemscin 'after arranging [the book] with a swordlike knife' Ériu xxvi 116-17 . rind Orioin claideabhthaircetaigh `swordgirt Orion', CCath. 1037 .

comalne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comalne or dil.ie/10714

 

Forms: comaille

n , f. (comlann, O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 173 ). Later comaille.

(a) dropsy : c.¤ gl. intercus, Sg. 110b2 . comalnae gl. intercus intercutis, Thes. ii 227.21 ( PCr. 45a1 ; comallnae with punctum delens over second l, MS.). caillech i rrabái comaille dodeochaid co Brigit ┐ ro-s-ic, 337.37 (Hy. v Comm.). comhaille .i. at bronn . . .. Sénais an chailligh chomhaill .i. dobheannaigh an gcailligh ag a raibhe comhaille, O'Cl.

(b) Name of disease of live-stock: tedmand for cethraib . . . scamacha, boara, comalla, milliuda . . ., RC xxvi 46 § 233 . boara, comaille, milleda, .i. na comhaille doníat milledh n-eich (neich?) asa medhón, H 3.18, 552b24 . Note also: sgamach, beadhgach, bōār buar, / comillid, crithgalar cuar, Ériu xviii 72 § 65 .

cráes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráes or dil.ie/12717

 

n o

(a) maw, mouth, gullet : c.¤ gl. gula, Ir. Gl. 92 . co ndechsad óen na rígthige inna cróes, LU 9104 ( FB 85 ). c[ros] C[ríst] tarsin craos[s]a, ZCP xii 387.4 . it chráes dachúatar dait, TBC-LL² 3710 . tatnit a cróes glomarchind, LU 8664 ( FB 49 ). an t-uball . . . / dochuaidh tar cumang mo chraois (said by Eve), Ériu iii 148 § 3 . luigi fir go nurslugad craois .i. in cainti, O'Curry 2597 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). tar a cráesaib cogantacha `grinding jaws' (of boar), Fianaig. 66.6 . ba glomar a crais (craes, v.l.), TTebe 2064 . ili craosa / cuile fasa, ZCP viii 196.10 . Extended applications: tricha aigi ina chrōis (of a cauldron), Ériu ii 20 § 1 . craos an chuain the neck of the harbour, CF Eg. 299 . i crāes na hairechta into the midst of the assembly, ZCP xii 360.4 . hi crǽs curaich os tuind dulaigh in (the confines of) a boat, Anecd. i 63.2 . se hech a craesaib curach, BB 277a11 . fát chraos (of a tomb-stone), O'Rah. 68.y . Cf. a crāes in chorrbuilg, Fianaig. 50.14 .

(b) gluttony, excessive eating : minibed cróis nibíad étrad, Wb. 9d1 . ronort a cróis ┐ saint ` greed ', Imr. Brain 46 . o dhualaig in chráis, PH 4821 . seachain . . . / ar chraos . . . do dhéanamh, DDána 22.19 . cráos, fearg (in list of deadly sins), Parrth. Anma 3383 . craos na haoine (of eating meat), Ir. Gl. p. 156 .

Compds. With nouns: a craosbheol osluighthe (of monster), Maguires of F. 3 . i craescrislach in mara, CCath. 1445 . tancatar . . . amach on chroes-chró `stall', Todd Nenn. 56.9 . dar a chraes gin osluicthe, IT i 271.27 (FB Eg.). Criol mac Craoslíona, Anecd. ii 55.14 = lintaid, Rawl. B 512, 111b cited Plummer MS. notes. don crāes-lon bói i m-brága Cathail `demon . . . of gluttony', MacCongl. 103.5 . do chraoslongadh an chuirp to devour, BNnÉ 165.17 . a craosmhuscaetaibh cogúasta `yawning muskets', Hugh Roe² 228.21 . leis an ccráosól, Párl. na mB. 3215 . do-bheir craos-ruathar coitcheann fútha, TSh. 1164 . d'eagla a gcraos-shloigthe, 5690 . With adjj.: brain-eóin chraos-dearga, ML 130.18 . crécht cráosdomhuin ` gaping ', Ériu v 180.314 . tar an muir ccráosfhairsing, BS 100.6 . co carput chraeslethan chraesluath, LL 24861 . ilchoin . . . cróesmóra, LU 2418 . cona chreit chróestana chróestirim (a chariot), 6483 - 4 . cuirn chróes-tholla, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.234 . gristaig craestuib (dub) (of devil), SR 947 .

cullach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cullach or dil.ie/13770

 

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 17 .

(a) boar : c.¤ gl. porcum, Sg. 66b25 . c.¤ .i. colach .i. ar mēt a chuil, Corm. Y 347 . c.¤ = a Boar , Eg. Gl. 442 . athach . . . ar iarraidh chullaigh, Ériu xiii 76 § 212 . irricht ín cullaigh allaigh, BB 25b55 . slan . . . do na reithib ┐ do na cullachaib, Laws v 156.1 Comm. cullaig ┐ tairb ┐ reitheda, 154.y Comm. ag fiadhach . . . ar cullcaib cuibfiaclacha, ZCP vi 54.7 .

(b) stallion : c.¤ .i. ech bretnach ut est no c.¤ allmuire .i. in c.¤ ech [doberar] tar oll in mara, O'Dav. 501 . indle ech . . . .i. cullaigh ┐ searraig lara `entire horses', Laws v 404.y Comm. glasch. la Glascoin `grey British stallion', Dinds. 107 .

Occas. of persons: c.¤ .i. lóech, Eg. 1782, 26 cited Meyer Contribb. 559 . at cru, a cullaig (contemptuously), Ann. Conn. 1342.3 . Muircheartach .i. an C.¤ Ua Dubhda, AFM ii 952.z .

1 cunnamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cunnamain or dil.ie/13941

 

adj i: cundamna ecnaig `accustomed to slander' (of women), Tec. Corm. 16.18 . drog aceille cundomne, ZCP viii 306.7 . corbo ch.¤ friu iarsein (of wild boar being tamed), Lib. Hymn. 121 gl. 113 . ? nibdar conduimne, O'Curry 785 ( H 3.18, 367a ). See cundoman, cundu.

dairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairt or dil.ie/14305
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: darto, darta, dairt, dairti, dartada, darta, dart, dartib, dairtib, dartaib

n i, f. g s. darto, darta. d s. dairt. n p. dairti ( dairt, Laws i 190. 3 ; but the MS has dairti), dartada. g p. darta, dart. d p. dartib ( Laws v 386. 6 f.b. ), dairtib, dartaib.

I A heifer of one year (Stokes, Corm. Tr. 29 . Atkinson, Laws vi 213 . of two years, O'Don. Suppl.). dairt .i. colbthach, O'Cl. dairt .i. laeg, Lec. Gl. 355 . Stowe Gl. 320 . —Frequent in the Laws. samaisci ┐ colpacha. . .no dairti ┐ dartada .i. minchethra, Laws i 190. 7 . na dairti ┐ na dartada. . . .i. na hindlithe re torba (before they are productive), ib. 3 . urdliged .i. sicail ┐ dairti, ii 342. 21 . — Generally as a fine . ar is for dartib rosuidiged fuillem a díre, v 394. 23 . direnar teora dartib i fuillem a dire, ib. 396. 2 . As a fine for cutting a shrub tree (blackthorn, elder, etc.), iv 146. 27 ; or the branches of the chief trees (airig feda: oak, hazel, holly, etc.), ib. 146. 23 ; or of the common trees (athig feda: alder, willow, etc.), ib. 146. 25 ; for cutting of land, ib. 152. 8 ; for breaking the laws of fences and co- tenancy, ib. 72. 3 ; for a physician neglecting a sick man, i 130. 25 . draigen trom. . .dairt a ndíre cach ae, iv 146. 27 . dairt coll. . .cuic seoit a ndíre cach ae bo buinbéime. . .dairt ina craebaib, ib. 146. 23 , 148. 25 . fernn sail. . .bo a ndíre cach ae dairt ina craebu, 146. 25 . athaigh feadha. . .dairt ina ngabla, 150. 6 . aurba tíre. . .dartaig a tri cuailli. . .dairt ina cuic, 152. 8 . dairt cacha treisi, 72. 3 , 13 ; v 270. 16 . muna urfócra (sc. in liag) is fiachach .i. dairt, i 130. 24 . Cf. cuic dairti dec filet ó cechtar de, i 174. 6 . ise dligis dairt, v 340. 21 .—As a price of fosterage: ised is log einuch .i. dartuid ┐ dairt ┐ colpuch, ii 152. 2 . tír ndarta a measure of land: air atá tír nd. coruigi thir chumaile, v 466. 16 . —Its value was one-sixth of a cow, i.e. four screpalls: dairt .i. ceithri scripall .i. ar seised, iv 148. 7 . dairt ceithri screpall, 150. 23 . dairt .i. ceithri screpall i ndíri gabal na fodla (for the branches of the bramble trees), 148. 8 , cf. 152. 14 . Worth three screpalls acc. to v 396. 4 : teora dartib .i. tri scribaill ar gach n[d]airt díbseo uili.— colpach firend ┐ dairt boinend, Corm. s.v. clithar sét . ba mmóir choire ṅdarta cechtar a ndá odbrand, LL 252 b 25 ( ZCP x 366). fiu la ríg dodonfarci cetheora darti fichet, ib. 286 a 27 (= KMMisc. 212. 15 ). i naimsir Bressail táinic in cétna bóar i nHérind ┐ nocon fárggaib acht teora dartada (a pl.) i nÉrind. ité dergga .i. dairt i Cliu dairt i lLiniu dairt i Cuailngiu. is de atá Imbliuch Fir Oendarta, ib. 339 a 11 . berid a bu le .i. cethracha lulgach ┐ caeca dart (darta, Eg.) TBD 16 . ní rarmea do bú móra bar dartib, TBC-LL¹ 4405 (v.l. ar dartaib YBL, ar dairtibh, Stowe).

LOC. Imlech Fir aendairti, Cóir Anm. 18 . is de ata Imliuch nDarta (nDairte YBL) hi cCliuu, TBD 16 . Onomast.

II Metaph. a young girl . nicon biäid aice bó | na dairti ná dartado, Liad. and Cuir. 18 . PERS. Dart ingen Echach mic Cairpri, TBD 212 , for Dartaid, formed to the g s. Darta ( TBD 211 Eg.) = Dartada ( ib. 168 ). Cf. dat. Dairt, ib. 134 YBL.

Cf. dáir, dairid, dartaid, dartán.

2 derc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 derc or dil.ie/15581

 

Forms: derc, dearca

n perhaps identical with preceding word, cf. d s. foum derc .i. gnuis, Thes. ii 350 (gl. on Hy. vi 4 ), and g s. fa deis dearca cach baile, Lec. 564b10 (facs. 282vb10), if this is the same word. In later lang. generally ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 . eye: cammd.¤ gl. strabo, Sg. 63a4 . fliuchdercc gl. lippus, 24a8 . S. saoibhd.¤ `the squinting ', BNnÉ 232.3 . ar deirc .i. ar sūil (etym. of irdairc), O'Mulc. 746 . en . . . dar dercaib slúag saer (.i. usce dar súilib soercland), LU 9938 . mo derca (.i. mo ṡúli), LL 208a 7 = IT i 162.3 , ZCP v 488 § 4 (B. na f.). aodh ┐ d.¤ ┐ cais, tri hanmann in ruisg, Metr. Gl. 16 § 39 . a dá deircc (.i. a dí ṡúil), Cóir Anm. 24 . dearc .i. suil, O'Cl. mnáib dergdercaib, LU 10377 . suile dubha . . . ina cinn ┐ mailgi mora osa dercuibh (of a boar), ZCP vi 279.33 . céo for a derca ┐ snighe dér, Aisl. Tond. 99 § 3 . do digail a deirci `to revenge the loss of his eye', MR 110.12 . ag dáil dér os fert Eóghain | nír fégh d.¤ dhá doirseóraib, IGT Decl. ex. 1305 . mar a-tá mo dhearc in-a diaidh my yearning for her, PBocht 11a.3 . dod dheirc mhongmhoill, TD 27.21 . a dhearc mhall, 2.30 . ní fhuil solus mo dhearc agam lumen oculorum meorum non est mecum, TSh. 4202 .

Compds. ¤corr: clann Eachach Doimlen dearc-cuirr, Hy Fiach. 180.4 . ¤mer of lively glance: fa sduaigh ndeircmhir móir Macha, TD 7.26 .

dílad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílad or dil.ie/16377

 

Forms: derbdilod, dhiolta

u, m. vn. of dílaid, IGT Verbs § 80 satisfying; paying, compensating: o annudh co diludh `from stay to payment', Laws i 294 Comm. (cf. o andod co diles, iii 318.12 ). dluige ōn tī oc a mbī ┐ is dilud don tī dia tabar `a conveyance' (i.e. paying, handing over ), v 366 Comm. derbdilod, i 94 Comm. g s. torc dhiolta fiach a boar for paying debts, (i.e. a fine boar ), Rel. Celt. i 122 . cinta cen diluth, O'Dav. 702 . cin na hedar do diola, ib. fer dilta dam ┐ deóradh, AU iii 590.8 .

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