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athal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athal or dil.ie/4635

 

adj deaf: a.¤ au-dall .i. bodar , O'Mulc. 68 ; O'Cl.

bodar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bodar or dil.ie/6275

 

Forms: buidir, bodhar

( GOI § 119 )

I Adj. o, ā deaf: buidir gl. surda (aure), Ml. 38c15 . amal nathracha bodra gl. sicut aspides surdae, Tur. 11. bodhar (boghar, MS.) gl. surdus, Ir. Gl. 604. b.¤ .i. a pudore , Corm. Y 165. O'Mulc. 163. buidir amlabair a mmathair ┐ a n-athair, LL 13355 ( RC viii 52.4 ). co ro-shlanaigead a mac dall b.¤ amlabar, PH 1319. co n-adrad na hidla bódra, 967 . aroli daill, aroli buidir ┐ baccaig, 2491 . do shlanaigh se daine boghra, Smaointe B. Chr. 1914. i ndíol . . . na ndée mbodhar mbalbh do chor ar gcúl, TSh. 6085. Fig. ba-sa bodhar foglime i findfocluib fis, ZCP xii 365.19 . bodra forcetail `deaf to instruction' (of women), Tec. Corm. § 16.67 . nirba bodur (bodhar, boghar, bouthar, etc., MSS.) frit guidi `be not deaf to prayer to thee', Ériu i 199.5 . ris an droing do bheir cluas bhoghar do ghuth ┐ do ghairm Dé `who give a deaf ear to', Donlevy 218.20 .

Of sound indistinct (?); rough, grating (?): ní hinnte ata an guth bodhar `a confused tone' (a harp), Manners and Customs iii 357 n.405 . is bogar in fogur bís aigi (= rauce sonat), Rosa Angl. 74.23 . Of mist: tre chiachaib bodra brena buaidirthi dim (?), TTebe 597 .

II As subst. o, m., ā f. deaf person: trí buidir in betha: robud do throich, airchisecht fri faigdech, cosc mná báithe do drúis `deaf ones', Triads 83 . Ri cos tuctha da galar / bodor ┐ amlabar, SR 7634. oc ic dall ┐ bacach ┐ b.¤ `healing the blind . . . and deaf', Trip. 174.2 . do-s-bera . . . etsecht do bodruib, PH 2270. im dingbail mic . . . di buidir (.i. in ben bodur, 140.33 Comm. ), Laws i 124.21 . In n. loc. i nGlind na mbodur, Laws i 1.4 .

Compds. tainic . . . ┐ a tri bodharbheicedha ass three deafening cries (Sjoestedt), RC xliii 78.16 . i richt bratáin bodair-chinn, Rawl. B 512, 98b (cited Contribb. 234 ). Síol Eoghain gan áird 's an Tál-fhuil bodharchlaoidhte `stricken dumb' (Gloss.), Keat. Poems 47. bodurfuamann compur na triath ┐ na trenfer ic tuitim `confused sounds', CCath. 5940. bodharghuth lag laoigh dull cry (of lowing of a calf), Measgra D. 5.17 . bodharghuth `a deafening voice', P. O'C. a Domhnaill . . . bodhurghruganaigh bodhurmedlanaigh harsh and surly (?), IT iii 98 § 160. a bodarshāith d'usci na Sábrainde `his fill of the muddy water of the Lee', MacCongl. 17.24 . do bodarusci, 19.11 .

bodarán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bodarán or dil.ie/6276

 

Forms: bodaran

n ( bodar ): bodaran gl. surdaster, Études Celt. xi 122. Cf. bodrán.

bodraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bodraid or dil.ie/6282
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bodrad

v ( bodar ) deafens: ro bodrais sind, or sī, oc imrádud do maic, Fing. R. 107. do bhodhar siansán na psalm / a's glór garbh na gclog mo chluas, Oss. iv 54.12 . confuses, troubles: nīmthairle erchor amhnas / sech Macc Dé medras bodras `which perturbs' ( .i. bodarfis .i. buadres in fis, 31 ), Thes. ii 352.3 (Hy. vi). do bhodhar an tSionainn, an Life, is an Laoi `are become discordant', O'Rah. 114.9. Gormlaidh do bhreith ó a buime | bodhraidh (bodhradh, v.l.) dreich a dearnuinne 'Gormlaith's separation from her foster-mother numbs the surface of her palms', Giolla Brighde 26 § 16​​​​ . Vn. bodrad.

bodrán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bodrán or dil.ie/6283

 

n [o, m.] ( bodar ) tabor, drum: mar timpan, no mar tabur (bodhran, v.l.), Rosa Angl. 268.15 . Cf. bodarán.

buidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buidir or dil.ie/7372

 

x see s. bodar .

buidre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buidre or dil.ie/7378

 

Forms: buidhre, bura

n , f. ( bodar ) deafness: is gnath do neuch bes amlabar b.¤ , Ml. 59a12 . co fis a ndaille ┐ a mb.¤ , Laws v 156 n. 5 (Comm.). pairilis ┐ b.¤ , RC xii 334 § 25. buidhre = surditas, 23 K 42 , 48.15 . bura (sic), O'Curry 1191 (H. 3.18, 474a). b.¤ fri daescarsluag, LL 343c21 `turning a deaf ear to the mob', Contribb. 289.

clúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clúas or dil.ie/9627

 

n ā, f. Note also: a s. nī fiu c.¤ , Hail Brigit 14 ( LL 7200 ). nicon fíu cluais, Ériu xiii 44.17 . d s. see Wb. 23c2 below. Vn. of ro-cluinethar.

(a) act of hearing : is hed ón as maith lessom do chluas `to hear', Wb. 23c2 . ni cen mu chluais `not without hearing me', Ml. 130b11 . c.¤ a dūan do theṅgthaib bard `the sound of songs heard there from the tongues of bards', Hail Brigit 9 ( LL 7181 ). nach óin . . . noda-comallfa iarna cluais, Ériu ii 202 § 19 (iarna cloisdin, v.l.). a cubhaid techt . . . do aithne fria cluais to recognise by ear, xiii 44.3 . an ffil tomhus forsan mbairdne? fil égin tomhus fri cluais, 43.24 . an t-iad cluaisi do radh riu for the ear (of a metrical device), Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 95, 70b7 . atbélat fir la clúaiss ṅgléssa dóib `when they hear them tune their harps' (Gloss.), TBFr. 121 . cluás .i. cluinsin, ut est: ba bronach in teghlach oca cluais, Ériu xiii 68 § 88 . H. an anam og a cluais, Aisl. Tond. 96 § 2 . ? bodar a pudore .i. lind cluas, O'Mulc. 163 .

(b) sense of hearing : na tri búada .i. búaid clúaisse ┐ buaid rodairc ┐ buaid n-airdmiusa, LU 6893 ( BDD 49 ). di clūais mo dhá ó nō di rusc mo dá ṡú[i]l, ZCP vi 258.15 .

(c) More frequently, ear : an rochluinemmar hua chluasaib, Ml. 112b13 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu `through his putting the ears for the whole body' (ref. to aures autem perfecisti mihi), 60b16 . cluasa Dǽ diar n-eitsecht, 24a18 . citabiat chlúasa `which ears perceive', Sg. 3a1 . Crīst hi cech clūais rodomchloathar, Thes. ii 358.2 (Patrick's Hy.). gabais buidhre a ccluasa, Blathm. 96 § 21 . na cluasasa nicon tairbertar fri ceolu talman `these ears are not lent to earthly music', Mon. Tall. 131.31 (§ 10) . ti[n]dnacul cluaise di araili `das Weitergeben von einem Gehör ans andere', ZCP xvi 175 § 1 (= Laws i 30.25 ). cluas la Feine tidnachar .i. bith do ac eistecht a tidnacuil o cluais, Laws v 498.2 and 14 Comm. isuide dodnidnaig cluais do cluais do comceniuil, iv 286.1 ( cluais .i. gleḟis ind fir seod a gleḟis ind ḟir ele, 290.10 Comm. ). tobertatar . . . luibe . . . ina cluasa, Ériu xvi 36 § 4 . imm ó glossed: im chluais, IT i 162.2 . mo chuib asa hó .i. mo chu asa cluaís, 163.2 . bruit cluasaib cluinethar, 68.5 ( LMU 2 ). baile bél. líth cluaisi. airfidedh menman, tuarusdol n-úadh, Ériu xiii 38.30 . cluas deas droch n-egna, 35.x . dona cluassaib gl. auribus, Gild. Lor. 113 . ber lat mo chomrama it chlúais, / co farcba i llebraib dar th'éis, LL 6127 . rob diubla os derbhḟine rob comroma i clúais, 385c16 . o ríg na cét cluas comlán, 25463 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 162.6 ) (cf. ¤clúastae). biaidh mise ┐ tusa clúas ar chlúais .i. ar chlúasaibh a chéile `by the ears' (i.e. in conflict), Atlantis iv 200.11 - 12 . i n-éisteacht cluaise (in auditu auris), TSh. 10844 . dith cluaise ┐ iorbaill ort, Luc. Fid. 5038 . In pn sobriquet: Uáter a Búrc . . . dia ngoirthi cluas le doininn, AFM v 1648.2 .

Fig. in phr. c.¤ cridi: do choimrid mo chride c.¤ in ardrach ṅguba, LL 14381 (rhet.) (= Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10.13 ). gabaid mo thimna ┐ mforcedulsa chucaib o chluais bar cride. LB 123a19 . co nach edat cluassa na cride . . . a coistecht, PH 84 .

In Luc. Fid. in various ejaculatory phrr. all apparently meaning yield, acknowledge yourself beaten (perh. orig. give ear): labhair, no dhamhsa an chluas ! Luc. Fid. 4928 . freagair, no tabhair uait an chluas!, 5077 . freagair, freagair! Ni thig leat! Íoc an chluas!, 5104 . cluas, cluas!, 5017 . a leith an chluas!, 5121 . labhair, labhair! ar so ata an chluas, 5088 . Cf. nir bheag, da ttugtha, amhuil ghealluis, dhamh an chluas iar mbeith dhuit claoidhte, 5166 .

(e) By extension: some projection

(i) of a shoe, perh. leather side-pieces: ag ithe na mbróg . . . óir duaidh sé a gcluasa ┐ a n-ialla, SG 3.y

(ii) of an axe: cailech .i. cluas, ut est gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib ┐ cona sruibh .i. na cluasa ichtaracha, O'Dav. 532 .

(iii) of a turf-spade: sleaghán dá chluas, O'Rah. 290.15 .

Compds. With noun or vn.: gur beanustar claidem C. i cluasaidlind cathbairr a chomalta ear-piece(?), MR 298.x . Fer Gair . . . fri reilforcsin / Fer Lee fri cluaiscoistecht, RC xxii 394.28 . amhuil clúasfháinne óir, Proverbs xxv 12 . smit .i. cluas gnó .i. cuidbhiudh lit. ear-mockery , Ériu xiii 48.11 . le ciontaibh na healta ag ar dalladh a gcluastuigse `ear-sense', Ó Bruad. iii 164.1 .

With adj. gadhar cluais-dhearg, Oss. iv 248.11 . att clúaslethan with wide flaps, ear-pieces(?), ZCP xiii 168.11 . ?arna ciorrbadh . . . d'uighibh claidemh cluasleathan `mit den Stichen breitohriger Schwerter', xiv 236.14 (perh. for claslethan). Oillill Ólom .i. cluaslom crop-eared, Keat. ii 4377 .

dall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dall or dil.ie/14393
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dáll, dald, dall, dull, dall, daill, dalla, daill, dalla, dullu, dulla, dallu, dalla, dailliu, daille, dall, daille

adj o-ā, often dáll, sometimes dald ; dall (: and) LL 52 a 4 f.b . d s. m. dull, dall (dáll), f. daill. n p. m. dalla (adj.), daill (subst.). a p. dalla (adj.) ; dullu, dulla, dallu ( LB 212 a 31 ), dalla (subst.)—COMP. dailliu, mod. daille. For etymology and Gaul. cognates, see Holder 1216 , Stud. Hib. xix 42 .

I (Totally) blind. dall .i. tall a talpa , O'Mulc. 343 . dall a talpa no disell .i. cen tsuile quia est sell .i. suil, Corm. Tr. 58 . haec talpa luch dall, Ir. Gl. 249 . mac dall, IT i 39. 14 , 21 . gur bhen a rusca dé gur roibhe dall, Cóir Anm. 29 . ┐ dall clairínech éisidhe, MacCarthy 408. 8 . innistear go raibe Isáac tré arsaidhacht dall, TSh. 258. 1 . ar mbeith dall dho, ib. 22. 31 ; 255. 12 . ní feas di í féin do bheith dall, ib. 258. 8 . amlaid rogénair side ó máthair ┐ sé dall, PH 2288 (cf. 811 ). guidis...coro ṡlánaiged a mac dall bodar amlabar, ib. 1319 . voc. a hídail daill amlabair cen guth cen lámu cen cossa, ib. 1367 (cf. 1294 ). pl. uair nachdat dee...acht hídail dalla amlabra, ib. 1141 .—cless dond cless dall cless néoin FB 24 (l. 24) ; cf. dall-chless. METAPH. dalla dagairle blind to good advice Tec. Corm. 16 (l. 68) . fégad cechaen uaib nárob dall ┐ narob baccach hé iar mbésaib, PH 4666. 4671 . osa dáll a chride berid diabul leis ina eolas fén he, ib. 7755 . is dall gan radharc me soillsig meólas, Midnight court 812 . Ignorant : dobhí sé dall aineolach i dteangaidh na tíre, Keat. i 42.60 . Unprofitable : gart dall, KMMisc. 174. 18 .

II Dark, gloomy : abardall .i. abditum et dall, O'Mulc. 7 (cf. abra .i. dorcha, O'Dav. 27 ). uch in adaig dorcha dall, Add. 30. 512 , 34 b ( ACL iii 233. 7 ). ifernn...dubh dall, Lib. Flav. ii 51 a 2 . 17 . fot aidche daille dube, LL 193 b 57 . i nEgept daill, SR (Greene) 3951 . daire dall, SR 6355 . ise sin gan diamair daill : domarbh Diarmaid mac Cerbhaill, SG 72. 25 . croithis dóib dairbre ndall, IT i 108. 4 . Cf. dallcheó a thick mist: ní ro ráthaighsiot ní lá dallciach na maidne muiche, AFM vi 1936.24 . ar snaidm a cor | in dallciach do chrích Mumon, Ériu iv 226.10 . buailis an curach dá ḟleisg dhraoidheachta gur ḟág fa dhallchiach é, Each. Iol. 43.16 . METAPH. obscure, difficult to read ; dull (in sound). bíodh a ḟios ag gach aon...gurab í cíall ḟíre na taoibhe daille so don taoibh amuigh don leabhar, ALC i 6 n. deilm dub dall, LL 143 b 28 . is dall erund mani écestar dún doléir, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . is d.¤ erunn a ḟis, 124 § 65 . ib. 122 § 62 . unjustified, false (of a charge) : dall adbur noferai formsa it is a false charge you bring against me RC xiv 243. 15 . Cf. dalltaidbsiu do dóinib, LL 123 a 11 .

III o, m. and ā, f. ( Laws i 124. 22 ). A blind person. hic cecus .a. um. dall, Ir. Gl. 623 . hic cecus dall, ib. 427 . im dingbail mic...di claim di chaich di daill di anbobracht, Laws i 124. 22 ; ib. 140. 5 f.b. buidir ┐ daill durscartad co fis a ndaille ┐ a mbuidre, ib. v 156, n. 5 . dligid dalla dídin ZCP vi 261. 11 f.b. luid dald arachenn Patraic, Trip. 132. 3 . conid don dúll dorala techt sis, IT i 39. 18 . deccra daill, Metr. Dinds. iii 372. 95 ( LL 158 a 48 ). bennachais in dall clarenech co mba slána a da ṡúil, Lat. Lives 86. 3 . nírab dall ic tuus daill, ACL iii 318. 12 (cf. LB 261 a 65 ). dall a cinn daill, Lib. Flav. ii 16 a 1 . 5 f.b. nóṡlánaigedh dulla ┐ claṁa ┐ bacacha, RC xxvii 302 § 76 . an dall, gnioṁa an daill, Eg. 142 p. 170 . isé dorat a rusca don dull, PH 2287 . doralatar dóib dá dhall ar or na sliged, ib. 4409 . atconnarcsa daill ┐ baccaig...do ṡlánugud dó, ib. 2182 . daill buidir ┐ baccaig, ib. 2491 ; cf. 4399 . 4414 . 4592 . roíccais clamu ┐ dallu, ib. 1357 . roairchis Ísu dona dallaib, ib. 4416 ; cf. 2270 . 2296 . 2591 . 4413 . 4532 . 4649 . hícc clam ┐ dall, ib. 1734 . comus ṡIánaigti dall, ib. 2088 . siubhalfaidh aṁail dallaibh, TSh. 255. 14 . amal dallu nád faicet ní, LB 212 a 31 . dáll, ib. 33 .—am dáll ruccad mesi I was born blind PH 2785 , cf. duine dorugadh na dhall, Donlevy 438. 17 . mar doleighis Críost an dall, TSh. 6. 26 .

LOC. Áth Ferta in Daill, Metr. Dinds. iii 308. 63 . rotadhaill...do thigh an filidh Muiredhaigh Lesa an Doill AFM iii 178. 16 .

IV Darkness, obscurity : ni fuille forru dall ná doirche, Laws ii 272. 13 . amail dobur ndubchiach nó amail dall fedha (sic leg.) i foghamhar, CCath. 5666 . doradtsat na naeiṁ...dall ciach ettorra ┐ in slogh, RC xxvii 298. 18 . la dall ciach na camháire, Hugh Roe 62 . amal phupall bís im dall, LL 52 a 51 . Cf. mod. dubh ┐ dall na hoidhche, Dinneen .

MOD. dall, adj. and subst.: tá sé nár bhfágaint dall he is leaving us as wise as we were Seanch. 35 . ba dhall ésin ara ngaedhlainn that man was ignorant of Irish. Compar. daille (pronounced duille).

1 mallaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 mallaigid or dil.ie/31491

 

Forms: maillechut-sa, mallaigthe, malluighthe, malloghadh

v i, late form of mallachaid. Curses , with acc. or DO. nā mallaig do duine bodar , PH 7687. fut. 1 s. maillechut-sa tú, 8262 . an tan mhallaighes duine do Dhia, Ó Héodhusa 156.6 . do mhalluigh Críost an crann, TSh. 214. cionnus mhailleochus misi an té nar mhalluigh Día?, Numbers xxiii 8. part. mallaigthe o Dia, PH 7302. malluighthe (= maledictus), TSh. 616. Numbers xxii 6. vn. ro ghabhsat malloghadh began to curse, BS 130.12 . díol coinnealbháitte ┐ malluighthe, TSh. 4668. re mionnuibh an mhalluighe, Numbers v 21.

sanas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sanas or dil.ie/36175
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sanas, sanais

n ā, f. n s. freq. also -ais. sanas o, m. (g s. and n p. -ais, -asa), IGT Decl. § 38 (87.20) . sanais f., § 150 . s.¤ .i. sain-fis, Corm. Y 1133 . s.¤ .i. sainfhios .i. fios sainigthe dearscaighthe. s.¤ .i. cogar, O'Cl. ? sainis gl. contionem, , CMCS xv 12 n. 50 (Vatican, MS Regin. lat. 296, fo. 15a2) .

(a) whisper, act of whispering, private communication : is airdarcu dúin s.¤ ná da neoch aile éigem a whisper is clearer to us than is a shout to another man, MU² 280 . bā sanais fri bodar `whispering to the deaf' (a hopeless task), MacCongl. 71.23 . descaid braith sanuis a whisper is a sign of treachery, Anecd. iii 15.21 . fri Chríst carsait sanais they loved private communion with C., Fél. Mar. 15 . do-chluin sé na sanasa, IGT Decl. ex. 1017 .

(b) privacy, secrecy : aisnēis i táu .i. i sanuis in secret, Corm. Y 1204 . is i sanasaib ferthair (rhet.), TBC-I¹ 1064 . atbér-sa frit-sa . . . i sanais in ní imráidim in private, secretly, PH 1769 . ar se fáthaib . . . gabar in pater i sanais, 7995 . cech comairli derrit bis eter na cairdib, is a sanais is coir a dénum, 8004 . fer bes dech dib is oen i sanais la rí Caisil becomes the confidant of (?), Irish Texts i 20.4 . triar dia rig hi sanais la ri Caisil, 9 . ma mna taiti a sanais secretly, Laws i 190.28 Comm . is techta athchor (sic leg.) mac sula ┐ sanaisi children not acknowledged by their father (?), iii 542.8 Comm . rop slúagach i ndálaib, rop úathad i sanasaib `in secret councils', Tec. Corm. 6.36 . do shlan uaim a Athsa toir | ac nar suaill m'ághsa an alloin | ni guth ort a sanus soin | olc do gabhus ré Galluib the secret of it (?), Irish Texts ii 10 § 2 .

(c) (secret) advice, counsel: sanais int Shatain do chéin | dorad síl Adhaim i péin, | sanais Isu dosucc as, Ériu ix 67 . togbail sanaisi .i. na flatha dó revealing the chief's counsel (plan?), O'Curry 1023 ( H 3.18, 431b ), see Thurn. ZCP xvi 407 . fer comairli ┐ sanais, RC xliii 60.7 . fer sanais (sic), TBC-I¹ 972 (rhet.) = LU 5447 . ? mac sanaisi .i. mac in fir graidh, O'Curry 2290 ( Eg. 88, 21d ). ? na tiag do eipirt sanaise i tau, LL 330e8 = ni thiag tu do epirt sanaisi in tsanais bermaisin me . . ., ZCP xiii 340.13 = dobert sanaise, viii 329.26 . ó shúdh shainnsi, IGT Decl. ex. 1994 .

(d) in bad sense bad advice, instigation : `mé dorad' ar deman dub | `sanus d'Iudas', Ériu iv 114 § 13 . s.¤ nemhe na námod `the venomous whisper of rivals', 212 § 3 . tri sanasa saeba noem n-Erenn the three crooked counsels (i.e. the cutting short of Ciarán's life, the banishment of Colum C., the expulsion of Mochuda from Rathen), Fél. 204.12 , cf. Trip. 556.4 . teora saobha sanasa (of the same), BNnÉ 302 § 9 . an tan do bheir an diabhal sanais do dhuine, Ó Héodhusa 179.10 . ōs iad nach trēicfedh sinn amail do-rinne Maicniadh ar sechnai-ne le sanasuib Saidhbhi, ML² 1556 .

(e) in name of Cormac's Glossary, Sanas Chormaic. Cf. in suo silentio Cormaccus de hóc nomine disputando possuit, RC xv 278.13 . triath .i. rí . . . ut est in (sic leg.) silentio, O'Curry 120 ( H 3.18, 74a ).

(f) the Annunciation : tic sanais da Muiri mhōir, ACL iii 244 § 11 . ria feil Muiri na sainse, ZCP iii 226.15 . mór an ní as fhiu an éanshanuis, Aithd. D. 60.21 . maighdean dá dtugadh sanais sin, PBocht 2.14 . tosach sídh s.¤ Gaibriail, A. Ó Dálaigh i 1 . isin tshollamuin so na sanuissi coimhdeta, Smaointe B. Chr. 327 . sanais iar ccáiscc ┐ deasgabhail i n-earrach, AFM v 1662. 17 . go tempall Muire na sanuissi, Fl. Earls 208.y . Muire . . . mar do gab toirches ó shanais Gaibrieil, Maund. 116 .

Compd. truagh mo sanuslaidh `my secret song', BS 96.1 . Cf. sanglaoidh .i. láoidh no roinn do nithear a sanais no go mín: truagh mo sangláoidh .i. as truagh an laoidh do ním a sanais no go mín, O'Cl.

1 serg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 serg or dil.ie/37248
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tsirg

n o, m.

(a) decline, wasting sickness : ma beith hi seurc gl. sí infirmetur, Ml. 142c3 . bliadain lan dó i siurc 'he had been a full year ailing', Bethu Brigte 8 § 25 . masa searg no do-galur, Laws v 132n. 3 . na hi ro uaisi gatus sirg dona macaib beca .i. camana, ┐ liatroiti, ┐ luboca, i 138.32 Comm . (etym. gl. on essrechta maccru). focherd A. i s.¤ de, LU 10730 (TE). uchan is crú mo craide | s.¤ for marcuch in maige, 3577 ( SCC 29 . H). nisibed nech dib fín acht intí nobid i sérg = (nisi quem infirmitas cogisset) Lat. Lives 93.1 . Attrib. gen. in ben tsirg cin sug nirt gl. anbobracht, Laws i 140.35 Comm . (cf. Corm. Y 42 ). ben sirg sin gus na fuil sailechtu fesi re fear féin, Laws iii 558.10 . in fer siric, i. 130.20 Comm . sarachan seirg (of a dead pig), Irish Texts i 32 § 54 . Cf. dia rob dall na bodar . . . no sirg, O'D. 934 ( H 3.17, 658c ).

In the same sense, s.¤ galuir: o ro erig in rig iarnabárach is amlaid ro bói, mar do beith i searg galair (sic MS.), RC xxiii 410 § 20 . gabais s.¤ galuir rí Caṅgigu co táinic a thiughlaithe, Marco P. 117 . i s.¤ galair . . . do chumhaid a mhná, Lism. L. 2794 . Donnchadh . . . do écc iarná beith hi seircc ghalair ochta re bliadhain láin `under pulmonary consumption', AFM iv 962.2 . Fedhlimidh . . . d'écc iar mbeith i s.¤ galair fri ré fhoda, 972.6 = lubra, Ann. Conn. 1451.2 . nir dheilig taobh ré derccadh dhó acht a bheith a s.¤ siorghalair, ITS v 70.6 .

(b) as quasi-vn. act of lessening, shrinking, contracting, declining, wasting : adaig oc siniud . . . s.¤ for cech sírlo, LB 102 marg. inf. ro gab for s.¤ ┐ digbail, for crapad ┐ for feodugud `began to shrivel' (of entrails used for prognostication), CCath. 973 . atā . . . forbairt na teora mbliadan forro ō sin gusaniu, nō s.¤ na teora mbliadan (of people changed by a three years' absence), ZCP v 501.z . searg an uilc ┐ na fingala doden ar mo comalta as e ata ar mo tsirig, x 306.8 - 9 . deacair searg duilghe na dáimhe `it is difficult to abate the discontent of companies', TD 29.16 . dob orusa a searg mar soin | fearg na folasa Fiachoidh, 15.53 . an fhearg ní luaithe leat-sa | ná ag searg uaithe t'aigneadh-sa thy mind withering (?) on account of it, DDána 88.8 . searg, seargadh, IGT Verbs § 117 .

gaibid s.¤ abates, becomes lessened : a fhearg ┐ í ar galuibh | gabhaidh sí searg ar slighidh, PBocht 21.9 . ar s.¤ in his declining years (?): sláinte maith ┐ sé ar searg | nó gur chaith a ré ag Risdeard, IGT Verbs ex. 987 .

Compds. ¤esnach `lean-ribbed': ré sleasaibh seirg-easnacha a gcneas, TSh. 2266 . ¤mag `withered plain': debthaigis Dagda, nar diúit, | ri [luas] for serc-maig na sét, Ériu vii 228.22 (possibly n. loc.). ¤therc `shrunk and scanty': lind nach serg-therc fri sam-dul, Metr. Dinds. iii 338.3 .

uisce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uisce or dil.ie/43063
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: uisci, uisce, uisci-lestraib

n io, m. water : n s. aqua lasin Laitneoir, usce lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1090 . uisci (gl. aqua), Ir. Gl. 160 . int uisque iarsin ganim, Wb. 11a17 . amal dete cech uisque coitchenn, Ml. 93b 12 - 13 . amal dunesmar uisce for talmain, 44d1 . huisce du techt tairsiu, 123d3 . a n-immuntimchella ni uisce, 108a9 . co riae in t-usce do bragait, SR 1600 . uisce rothé dar cosa (one of the three worst welcomes), Triads 70 . is fair a aenur tanic in usce sin [sic], LB 35b18 ( PH 1599 ). in fuil ... ┐ in t-usce, LB 1a20 ( PH 14 ). i céin marus usce ós talamh ┐ áer ós usce, CCath. 257 . a s. in tan duratus uisce ṅduit ón, Ml. 103a6 . focertar ind epaidse i n-im nad tét i n-uisce, Thes. ii 248.7 (Sg. Incant.). cia criathras usce n-an, | ... for cach n-iathmass, SR 7937 . Cf. 41 . téit isin n-usci a dochum, LU 5226 . gabaid Piláit usqui iar-sin, ┐ ro-indail a lama, PH 2842 . g s. duadbadar huaisletu Dé trí huaisletu ind uisci fuasnaidi fil isind aier, Ml. 40d3 . tabairt uisci doib isin diserto, 97d4 . ic dail usci dia cairchaib, SR 3744 . Ri thuc doib sruam usci uair | asind ailig ..., 4629 . Cf. 7160 . cúach usqui, YBL 102a44 ( BDD 139 . usce LU). tuc ... mulloc usce glain, PH 519 . clerech uisce Arda Macha, `the water-clerk of Armagh,' BCC § 337 . d s. cen a rícctin du usciu (gl. aqua ... nulla pars ... intacta relinquetur), Ml. 108a10 . focertar inso do grés it bois láin di uisciu oc indlut, Thes. ii 249.10 (Sg. Incant.). ragat ... co comairsem isind usciu, LU 5228 . bátir .xxx. marcach ... isind usci, 5522 . dobert trian forcridi de usci ar chuid cach lae `he added one-third of water to the daily allowance,' Mon. Tall. § 52 . rosáeth linni do bithsiu for uisciu isin dúnad, LU 6051 . penneth for usciu ┐ bargin, Ériu vii 168 § 12 . bith for usciu ┐ bargin to be on bread and water , Mon. Tall. § 9 . rop imnedh leo a n-aes penni do eipiltin for uisciu ┐ bairgin, Anecd. i 75.4 (= Mon. Tall. § 73 ). roberbi ar ind usci `boiled it on the water,' Mon. Tall. § 52 . a berbhadh ar uisgi, Irish Texts v 18.3 . siucra arna berbad a nuisci, 22.16 . in tíí ... do díl bar n-itaid on usqui , LB 162a41 ( PH 2826 ). no dídlastaís finnae for usciu they would split a hair upon water , LU 7701 . 7818 ( BDD 128 ; 137 ). a du. menadhach uas uisci ┐ menudhach itir dá uisci, Anecd. i 75.19 . n p. du lár nime dano sudigtir ind uisci, Ml. 120d9 . rethait uisci, 138d6 . cid arretae ind uisci, ib. 8 . ind usci, 40d16 . dufuargabsat huisci moro robuir the waters of the Red Sea , 96c1 . cit n-e usci ┐ ardae ┐ indbera dorriadat ?, LU 6905 ( BDD 51 ). at móra na haibni ┐ na huscida, LL 171b22 ( CRR 6 ). ni choemsat na husqi imdai coro airrdíbdat in déircc, PH 5864 . cruinnighthear na huisgeadha ... a n-éunáit, Gen. i 9 . do roinneadh na huisgidhe, Exodus xiv 21 . (Metaph.) tógbhaid uisgeadha aigianta na hantoile 'na ndromannaibh ... díomais, TSh. 2072 . a p. huare nad rotodlaigestar som co Dia inna huisciu, Ml. 124d9 . indhí notegtis isna husciu, Mon. Tall. § 81 . adeochasa ... inna husci do chongnam frim, LU 5513 . g p. nem n-usce , SR 635 . for srothaib na n-usqui ndub, PH 8301 . do chruinnigthibh na n-uisgeadh do ghoir sé fairrge, Gen. i 10 . guirme a huisgiodh, TD 13.4 . sreabh Feirsde ar áilne a huisge, L. Cl. A. B. 89.60 . d p. doríadat ilardae uscib indberaib ingantaib, LU 6903 ( BDD 50 ). roinneadh na huisgeadha ó na huisgeadhuibh, Gen. i 6 . do rineadar comhnuidhe an sin láimh ris na huisgidhibh, Exodus xv 27 .

Fresh water (as opposed to salt water) is generally fíruisce but sometimes uisce alone seems to have this sense: sruth, saile, sal no uisci, Laws v 332.5 . masa tochur srotha saile sceo uisce, Laws iii 428.14 . main andach cach uisce, Laws v 482.24 . So iv 220z ; i 2.6 . da uisce um clad, 23 P 3 f. 23 (21)ab ( O'Curry 1901 ). etir uiscce ┐ inbher muiridh `both [fresh] waters and sea-inlets,' AFM i 156.6 . Thus a piece of water, a river, a lake : co ndeochatar hUí Néill co alailiu (v.l. alaili) husque and, co tuarcab ind ob friu, Trip. 256.2 . AFM i 158.2 . dorimchell rígusciu Herend ... .i. Buas, Boand, etc. LU 7930 ( BDD 154 ). iar tarmchell usced Érenn, BDD 155 Y (= toróchell ... prímlocha Herend, LU 7933 ). cur techdsad na locha ┐ na montee ┐ na husceda uli, Ann. Conn. 1251 § 13 . Cf. cen selgc slebi na huisci, SR 7020 . Of mountain streams : tonna ar mire, ┐ uisce na sléibhte, O'Rah. xiv 48 . Of the sea : tar uisce na n-árthach, xviii 27 . Of rain : do-chuaidh mé, maith an tuicsi, | le cách fá uisge an cheatha `I have gone out in the rain like the rest,' Studies 1918, 617 (see ib. p. 618 n. 2 ). dá ndéanamh féin mar gach fear | dob'é a gcríoch dul fa dheireadh | tuigse an bheatha mar do bhuaidh | fa uisge an cheatha i gcéad-uair, Ir. Monthly 1920, 597 § 35 (cf. ib. 36 ) = DDána p. 239 . The phr. dul etc. fa u.¤ an cheatha seems to be a proverbial saying i.e. `to run the common risks.'

Of tears : uisge a dhearc do dhoirt Muire, DDána 27a26 . le huisge a nuaidhéar, 39.10 . Cf. uisge glas do-ghéabha uam | tighearna na dtrí mór-ṡluagh, ib. 18 . a leapthaibh dhénta duan ngill | aghaidh Thaidhg Óig I Uiginn, ... | dá huiscce féin do foilcthi `drops,' Studies 1920, 2.8 (i.e. sweat? ).

Of water of baptism : can nech dorratad toind usci glain | tar Nechtan mac Collbrain, LU 10108 (= Imr. Brain § 65 ). amail oibrigheas uisge an bhaistidhe go fírinneach ar anmaibh na druinge bhaistear, TSh. 6229 . Hence as attrib. g s. in: col uisce gossipred i.e. relation of sponsors : da ccionntuightheá re mnaoi chuil ... ní folair foigsi an chuil d'innisin (sc. in confession), madh col uisge é nó col gaoil, Mac Aingil 293.17 [leg. 263] . ní foláir bheith saor ó gach toirmeasg; mar atá col gaoil, cleamhnuis, no uisge, `spiritual kindred,' Donlevy 342.21 .

With defining adj., gen., or phrase: u.¤ bennaigthe holy water : gabais Pátraic in t-uisci bennaichthi, Acall. 6783 . uisce betha[d] whiskey : ... quieuit iar nól uisci betha go himurcach, ┐ dob uiscce marbhtha do R., ALC ii 112.1 = Ann. Conn. 1405 § 7 . in tenga ... do nighi ... le huisgi beata, Rosa Angl. 264.18 . is uime do-rín Ó Gr. an t-uisge beatha, TD 34 l.113 .

u.¤ bruithe broth : enbruithe .i. usce bruithe (.i. feola), Corm. Y 525 .

u.¤ coisrectha holy water : Acall. 7504 . 7508 . le huisci coisrica, Irish Texts v 64.23 . ní dhíbreann u.¤ coisreagtha é, O'Rah. 288.7 .

u.¤ comnaidi stagnant water : uisci criadhamail comnaidhi (contrasted with `fíruisci' spring-water ), Études Celt. i 86.15 . ceo reamur eirges dusgi comnaidhi, Ériu x 144w . Cf. bodar-uisce, id. (lit. deaf water): a sháith do bodarusci na S. dó, `dead water' (cf. `balb' applied to streams, babbling ), MacCongl. 19.11 . deoch do bódarusci na cuirre, 55.6 . Also marb-uisce (see below, and under marb, Compds)

u.¤ eorna barley water : dlighid ... in draint do coimilt ... le huisci eorna, Irish Texts v 46.12 . deoch duisgi deorna, Rosa Angl. 38.17 . maille huisgi na heorna, 86z . le huisgi eorná, 84.18 .

u.¤ ernaigde water of prayer, i.e. holy water : dochúas huaidi do chuinchid usque ernaigthi do Dáre ó Patraic, Trip. 228.24 . Cf. Lism. L. 566 .

u.¤ ferthana rain water : maillire huisci ferthana, =cum aqua pluuiali, Irish Texts v 68.2 . le huisgi topuir, no fertana, Rosa Angl. 84.18 .

u.¤ glas: englas .i. usce glas, Corm. Y 158 .

u.¤ imill (lit. water of the edge ): usci .i. imill (gl. lympha), Ir. Gl. 69 .

uisci ina muchar iarann 'chalybeate water', Irish Texts v 56.19.

u.¤ innalta, innlaid water for washing : u.¤ innalta, see below under u.¤ óil. uisge ionnluid do leag lóghmhur | bean re n-iodnuibh ḟóireas, IGT, Decl. ex. 463 . gur bh'uisge ionnlaidh dhí a deora, DDána 30.19 .

u.¤ lám water in which the hands are washed : nír ail do uisci lamh na n-ollaman do dul tar lamhuibh na mban na usce lamh na mban do dhul tar lamuib na n-ollam, Tromd. Guaire 275 (= Oss. v 36 w , y 0 where the word is twice misread as uisin).

u.¤ mela honey water : ibheadh da .ʒ. do diasisiom i nuisge meala, Irish Texts v 16.35 .

u.¤ móna bog water : uisce móna (v.l. monadh, mono) (among the things that are worst for the body), Tec. Corm. § 21 , 1.6.

u.¤ nádúrtha plain water : uisge nádúrtha do dhórtadh air cheann (más féidir é) an té baisdthear, Donlevy 230.9 .

u.¤ oiffrind water for mass : asin tiprait asa tabarr usce oiffrind dún, BLism. 2162 .

u.¤ óil drinking water : tect ar cend usci oóil ┐ innalta (iondlait, St.) dochum na haba, TBC-LL¹ 1555 .

u.¤ retha running water : ibh ... uisge reatha as do thoibreachaibh féin, Proverbs v 15 .

u.¤ rosa rose water : gabtur ... uisci rosa, Irish Texts v 40.9 . Cf. d'uisci na roisi, id., 68.3 .

u.¤ saillte salt water : gabtur uisci saillti = aqua salsa, Irish Texts v 40.9 .

u.¤ tibrat well water : uisci tibrat, Irish Texts v 42.1 . u.¤ topuir, id., Rosa Angl. 84.18 .

In comparisons and proverbial sayings: atcós do'n ríg co ro-s-leg a fheoil ┐ a chnamu amal usce, PH 1266 . sileadh deór rúadh ar ruisgne | mar uisge a beól úar eisci, IGT, Decl. ex. 1081 . is uisgeadha doimhne bríathra bhéil an duine, Proverbs xviii 4 . an t-uisge tana as mhó fuaim `shallow water makes most noise,' Content. xxvii 5 . ba usce for tóin créthir water on the bottom of a sieve (of a hopeless task), MacCongl. 73.3 . ferta tra Patraic do innisin dúibsi, a ḟíru Hérend, is usce do loch insin is like bringing water to a lake (a needless task), LU 274 ( Todd Lect. vi 15 ).

pn In place-names: go ffuil a uaigh i nUiscce chaoin, AFM i 146.15 . cath Comair trí nuiscce. 44 y . See Onom.

Compds.: uisce-lestar a water-pot : ar na uisci-lestraib (gl. idris), Lib. Hymn. i 38 n. 25 . With adj. pref.: amal tondgur n-iluisce, SR 608 . See also under 1 fír and marb, (compds.). Cf. usguisge ón ainm úathaidh ┐ ón táoibhréim ard iollraidh, IGT, Introd. § 94 . uisgeadhuisge ón táoibhréim ard iollraidh, ib.